Aphasia: A cognitive disorder marked by an impaired ability to comprehend or express language in its written or spoken form. This condition is caused by diseases which affect the language areas of the dominant hemisphere. Clinical features are used to classify the various subtypes of this condition. General categories include receptive, expressive, and mixed forms of aphasia.Aphasia, Primary Progressive: A progressive form of dementia characterized by the global loss of language abilities and initial preservation of other cognitive functions. Fluent and nonfluent subtypes have been described. Eventually a pattern of global cognitive dysfunction, similar to ALZHEIMER DISEASE, emerges. Pathologically, there are no Alzheimer or PICK DISEASE like changes, however, spongiform changes of cortical layers II and III are present in the TEMPORAL LOBE and FRONTAL LOBE. (From Brain 1998 Jan;121(Pt 1):115-26)Neural Conduction: The propagation of the NERVE IMPULSE along the nerve away from the site of an excitation stimulus.Heart Conduction System: An impulse-conducting system composed of modified cardiac muscle, having the power of spontaneous rhythmicity and conduction more highly developed than the rest of the heart.Aphasia, Conduction: A type of fluent aphasia characterized by an impaired ability to repeat one and two word phrases, despite retained comprehension. This condition is associated with dominant hemisphere lesions involving the arcuate fasciculus (a white matter projection between Broca's and Wernicke's areas) and adjacent structures. Like patients with Wernicke aphasia (APHASIA, WERNICKE), patients with conduction aphasia are fluent but commit paraphasic errors during attempts at written and oral forms of communication. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p482; Brain & Bannister, Clinical Neurology, 7th ed, p142; Kandel et al., Principles of Neural Science, 3d ed, p848)Anomia: A language dysfunction characterized by the inability to name people and objects that are correctly perceived. The individual is able to describe the object in question, but cannot provide the name. This condition is associated with lesions of the dominant hemisphere involving the language areas, in particular the TEMPORAL LOBE. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p484)Primary Progressive Nonfluent Aphasia: A form of frontotemporal lobar degeneration and a progressive form of dementia characterized by motor speech impairment and AGRAMMATISM, with relative sparing of single word comprehension and semantic memory.Language Tests: Tests designed to assess language behavior and abilities. They include tests of vocabulary, comprehension, grammar and functional use of language, e.g., Development Sentence Scoring, Receptive-Expressive Emergent Language Scale, Parsons Language Sample, Utah Test of Language Development, Michigan Language Inventory and Verbal Language Development Scale, Illinois Test of Psycholinguistic Abilities, Northwestern Syntax Screening Test, Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test, Ammons Full-Range Picture Vocabulary Test, and Assessment of Children's Language Comprehension.Speech Therapy: Treatment for individuals with speech defects and disorders that involves counseling and use of various exercises and aids to help the development of new speech habits.Language Therapy: Rehabilitation of persons with language disorders or training of children with language development disorders.Atrioventricular Node: A small nodular mass of specialized muscle fibers located in the interatrial septum near the opening of the coronary sinus. It gives rise to the atrioventricular bundle of the conduction system of the heart.Agraphia: Loss or impairment of the ability to write (letters, syllables, words, or phrases) due to an injury to a specific cerebral area or occasionally due to emotional factors. This condition rarely occurs in isolation, and often accompanies APHASIA. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p485; APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 1994)Apraxias: A group of cognitive disorders characterized by the inability to perform previously learned skills that cannot be attributed to deficits of motor or sensory function. The two major subtypes of this condition are ideomotor (see APRAXIA, IDEOMOTOR) and ideational apraxia, which refers to loss of the ability to mentally formulate the processes involved with performing an action. For example, dressing apraxia may result from an inability to mentally formulate the act of placing clothes on the body. Apraxias are generally associated with lesions of the dominant PARIETAL LOBE and supramarginal gyrus. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp56-7)Semantics: The relationships between symbols and their meanings.Heart Block: Impaired conduction of cardiac impulse that can occur anywhere along the conduction pathway, such as between the SINOATRIAL NODE and the right atrium (SA block) or between atria and ventricles (AV block). Heart blocks can be classified by the duration, frequency, or completeness of conduction block. Reversibility depends on the degree of structural or functional defects.Language: A verbal or nonverbal means of communicating ideas or feelings.Speech: Communication through a system of conventional vocal symbols.Language Disorders: Conditions characterized by deficiencies of comprehension or expression of written and spoken forms of language. These include acquired and developmental disorders.Neuropsychological Tests: Tests designed to assess neurological function associated with certain behaviors. They are used in diagnosing brain dysfunction or damage and central nervous system disorders or injury.Action Potentials: Abrupt changes in the membrane potential that sweep along the CELL MEMBRANE of excitable cells in response to excitation stimuli.Bone Conduction: Transmission of sound waves through vibration of bones in the SKULL to the inner ear (COCHLEA). By using bone conduction stimulation and by bypassing any OUTER EAR or MIDDLE EAR abnormalities, hearing thresholds of the cochlea can be determined. Bone conduction hearing differs from normal hearing which is based on air conduction stimulation via the EAR CANAL and the TYMPANIC MEMBRANE.Electrocardiography: Recording of the moment-to-moment electromotive forces of the HEART as projected onto various sites on the body's surface, delineated as a scalar function of time. The recording is monitored by a tracing on slow moving chart paper or by observing it on a cardioscope, which is a CATHODE RAY TUBE DISPLAY.Dyslexia, Acquired: A receptive visual aphasia characterized by the loss of a previously possessed ability to comprehend the meaning or significance of handwritten words, despite intact vision. This condition may be associated with posterior cerebral artery infarction (INFARCTION, POSTERIOR CEREBRAL ARTERY) and other BRAIN DISEASES.Median Nerve: A major nerve of the upper extremity. In humans, the fibers of the median nerve originate in the lower cervical and upper thoracic spinal cord (usually C6 to T1), travel via the brachial plexus, and supply sensory and motor innervation to parts of the forearm and hand.Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.Speech Production Measurement: Measurement of parameters of the speech product such as vocal tone, loudness, pitch, voice quality, articulation, resonance, phonation, phonetic structure and prosody.Linguistics: The science of language, including phonetics, phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics, pragmatics, and historical linguistics. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Cardiac Pacing, Artificial: Regulation of the rate of contraction of the heart muscles by an artificial pacemaker.Stroke: A group of pathological conditions characterized by sudden, non-convulsive loss of neurological function due to BRAIN ISCHEMIA or INTRACRANIAL HEMORRHAGES. Stroke is classified by the type of tissue NECROSIS, such as the anatomic location, vasculature involved, etiology, age of the affected individual, and hemorrhagic vs. non-hemorrhagic nature. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp777-810)Apraxia, Ideomotor: A form of apraxia characterized by an acquired inability to carry out a complex motor activity despite the ability to mentally formulate the action. This condition has been attributed to a disruption of connections between the dominant parietal cortex and supplementary and premotor cortical regions in both hemispheres. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p57)Arrhythmias, Cardiac: Any disturbances of the normal rhythmic beating of the heart or MYOCARDIAL CONTRACTION. Cardiac arrhythmias can be classified by the abnormalities in HEART RATE, disorders of electrical impulse generation, or impulse conduction.Refractory Period, Electrophysiological: The period of time following the triggering of an ACTION POTENTIAL when the CELL MEMBRANE has changed to an unexcitable state and is gradually restored to the resting (excitable) state. During the absolute refractory period no other stimulus can trigger a response. This is followed by the relative refractory period during which the cell gradually becomes more excitable and the stronger impulse that is required to illicit a response gradually lessens to that required during the resting state.Names: Personal names, given or surname, as cultural characteristics, as ethnological or religious patterns, as indications of the geographic distribution of families and inbreeding, etc. Analysis of isonymy, the quality of having the same or similar names, is useful in the study of population genetics. NAMES is used also for the history of names or name changes of corporate bodies, such as medical societies, universities, hospitals, government agencies, etc.Ulnar Nerve: A major nerve of the upper extremity. In humans, the fibers of the ulnar nerve originate in the lower cervical and upper thoracic spinal cord (usually C7 to T1), travel via the medial cord of the brachial plexus, and supply sensory and motor innervation to parts of the hand and forearm.Heart Atria: The chambers of the heart, to which the BLOOD returns from the circulation.Verbal Behavior: Includes both producing and responding to words, either written or spoken.Peripheral Nerves: The nerves outside of the brain and spinal cord, including the autonomic, cranial, and spinal nerves. Peripheral nerves contain non-neuronal cells and connective tissue as well as axons. The connective tissue layers include, from the outside to the inside, the epineurium, the perineurium, and the endoneurium.Electrophysiologic Techniques, Cardiac: Methods to induce and measure electrical activities at specific sites in the heart to diagnose and treat problems with the heart's electrical system.Electrophysiology: The study of the generation and behavior of electrical charges in living organisms particularly the nervous system and the effects of electricity on living organisms.Atrophy: Decrease in the size of a cell, tissue, organ, or multiple organs, associated with a variety of pathological conditions such as abnormal cellular changes, ischemia, malnutrition, or hormonal changes.Speech Disorders: Acquired or developmental conditions marked by an impaired ability to comprehend or generate spoken forms of language.Speech-Language Pathology: The study of speech or language disorders and their diagnosis and correction.Atrioventricular Block: Impaired impulse conduction from HEART ATRIA to HEART VENTRICLES. AV block can mean delayed or completely blocked impulse conduction.Comprehension: The act or fact of grasping the meaning, nature, or importance of; understanding. (American Heritage Dictionary, 4th ed) Includes understanding by a patient or research subject of information disclosed orally or in writing.Frontotemporal Lobar Degeneration: Heterogeneous group of neurodegenerative disorders characterized by frontal and temporal lobe atrophy associated with neuronal loss, gliosis, and dementia. Patients exhibit progressive changes in social, behavioral, and/or language function. Multiple subtypes or forms are recognized based on presence or absence of TAU PROTEIN inclusions. FTLD includes three clinical syndromes: FRONTOTEMPORAL DEMENTIA, semantic dementia, and PRIMARY PROGRESSIVE NONFLUENT APHASIA.Frontotemporal Dementia: The most common clinical form of FRONTOTEMPORAL LOBAR DEGENERATION, this dementia presents with personality and behavioral changes often associated with disinhibition, apathy, and lack of insight.Tibial Nerve: The medial terminal branch of the sciatic nerve. The tibial nerve fibers originate in lumbar and sacral spinal segments (L4 to S2). They supply motor and sensory innervation to parts of the calf and foot.Functional Laterality: Behavioral manifestations of cerebral dominance in which there is preferential use and superior functioning of either the left or the right side, as in the preferred use of the right hand or right foot.Atrial Flutter: Rapid, irregular atrial contractions caused by a block of electrical impulse conduction in the right atrium and a reentrant wave front traveling up the inter-atrial septum and down the right atrial free wall or vice versa. Unlike ATRIAL FIBRILLATION which is caused by abnormal impulse generation, typical atrial flutter is caused by abnormal impulse conduction. As in atrial fibrillation, patients with atrial flutter cannot effectively pump blood into the lower chambers of the heart (HEART VENTRICLES).Brain: The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.Electrodiagnosis: Diagnosis of disease states by recording the spontaneous electrical activity of tissues or organs or by the response to stimulation of electrically excitable tissue.Axons: Nerve fibers that are capable of rapidly conducting impulses away from the neuron cell body.Temporal Lobe: Lower lateral part of the cerebral hemisphere responsible for auditory, olfactory, and semantic processing. It is located inferior to the lateral fissure and anterior to the OCCIPITAL LOBE.Psycholinguistics: A discipline concerned with relations between messages and the characteristics of individuals who select and interpret them; it deals directly with the processes of encoding (phonetics) and decoding (psychoacoustics) as they relate states of messages to states of communicators.Dysarthria: Disorders of speech articulation caused by imperfect coordination of pharynx, larynx, tongue, or face muscles. This may result from CRANIAL NERVE DISEASES; NEUROMUSCULAR DISEASES; CEREBELLAR DISEASES; BASAL GANGLIA DISEASES; BRAIN STEM diseases; or diseases of the corticobulbar tracts (see PYRAMIDAL TRACTS). The cortical language centers are intact in this condition. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p489)Dominance, Cerebral: Dominance of one cerebral hemisphere over the other in cerebral functions.Sural Nerve: A branch of the tibial nerve which supplies sensory innervation to parts of the lower leg and foot.Purkinje Fibers: Modified cardiac muscle fibers composing the terminal portion of the heart conduction system.Brain Mapping: Imaging techniques used to colocalize sites of brain functions or physiological activity with brain structures.Frontal Lobe: The part of the cerebral hemisphere anterior to the central sulcus, and anterior and superior to the lateral sulcus.Sinoatrial Node: The small mass of modified cardiac muscle fibers located at the junction of the superior vena cava (VENA CAVA, SUPERIOR) and right atrium. Contraction impulses probably start in this node, spread over the atrium (HEART ATRIUM) and are then transmitted by the atrioventricular bundle (BUNDLE OF HIS) to the ventricle (HEART VENTRICLE).Catheter Ablation: Removal of tissue with electrical current delivered via electrodes positioned at the distal end of a catheter. Energy sources are commonly direct current (DC-shock) or alternating current at radiofrequencies (usually 750 kHz). The technique is used most often to ablate the AV junction and/or accessory pathways in order to interrupt AV conduction and produce AV block in the treatment of various tachyarrhythmias.Peripheral Nervous System Diseases: Diseases of the peripheral nerves external to the brain and spinal cord, which includes diseases of the nerve roots, ganglia, plexi, autonomic nerves, sensory nerves, and motor nerves.Wolff-Parkinson-White Syndrome: A form of ventricular pre-excitation characterized by a short PR interval and a long QRS interval with a delta wave. In this syndrome, atrial impulses are abnormally conducted to the HEART VENTRICLES via an ACCESSORY CONDUCTING PATHWAY that is located between the wall of the right or left atria and the ventricles, also known as a BUNDLE OF KENT. The inherited form can be caused by mutation of PRKAG2 gene encoding a gamma-2 regulatory subunit of AMP-activated protein kinase.Communication Aids for Disabled: Equipment that provides mentally or physically disabled persons with a means of communication. The aids include display boards, typewriters, cathode ray tubes, computers, and speech synthesizers. The output of such aids includes written words, artificial speech, language signs, Morse code, and pictures.Nerve Fibers, Myelinated: A class of nerve fibers as defined by their structure, specifically the nerve sheath arrangement. The AXONS of the myelinated nerve fibers are completely encased in a MYELIN SHEATH. They are fibers of relatively large and varied diameters. Their NEURAL CONDUCTION rates are faster than those of the unmyelinated nerve fibers (NERVE FIBERS, UNMYELINATED). Myelinated nerve fibers are present in somatic and autonomic nerves.Electric Stimulation: Use of electric potential or currents to elicit biological responses.Reaction Time: The time from the onset of a stimulus until a response is observed.Sciatic Nerve: A nerve which originates in the lumbar and sacral spinal cord (L4 to S3) and supplies motor and sensory innervation to the lower extremity. The sciatic nerve, which is the main continuation of the sacral plexus, is the largest nerve in the body. It has two major branches, the TIBIAL NERVE and the PERONEAL NERVE.Motor Neurons: Neurons which activate MUSCLE CELLS.Atrial Function: The hemodynamic and electrophysiological action of the HEART ATRIA.Diabetic Neuropathies: Peripheral, autonomic, and cranial nerve disorders that are associated with DIABETES MELLITUS. These conditions usually result from diabetic microvascular injury involving small blood vessels that supply nerves (VASA NERVORUM). Relatively common conditions which may be associated with diabetic neuropathy include third nerve palsy (see OCULOMOTOR NERVE DISEASES); MONONEUROPATHY; mononeuropathy multiplex; diabetic amyotrophy; a painful POLYNEUROPATHY; autonomic neuropathy; and thoracoabdominal neuropathy. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1325)NAV1.5 Voltage-Gated Sodium Channel: A voltage-gated sodium channel subtype that mediates the sodium ion PERMEABILITY of CARDIOMYOCYTES. Defects in the SCN5A gene, which codes for the alpha subunit of this sodium channel, are associated with a variety of CARDIAC DISEASES that result from loss of sodium channel function.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Thalamic Diseases: Disorders of the centrally located thalamus, which integrates a wide range of cortical and subcortical information. Manifestations include sensory loss, MOVEMENT DISORDERS; ATAXIA, pain syndromes, visual disorders, a variety of neuropsychological conditions, and COMA. Relatively common etiologies include CEREBROVASCULAR DISORDERS; CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA; BRAIN NEOPLASMS; BRAIN HYPOXIA; INTRACRANIAL HEMORRHAGES; and infectious processes.Ranvier's Nodes: Regularly spaced gaps in the myelin sheaths of peripheral axons. Ranvier's nodes allow saltatory conduction, that is, jumping of impulses from node to node, which is faster and more energetically favorable than continuous conduction.Agnosia: Loss of the ability to comprehend the meaning or recognize the importance of various forms of stimulation that cannot be attributed to impairment of a primary sensory modality. Tactile agnosia is characterized by an inability to perceive the shape and nature of an object by touch alone, despite unimpaired sensation to light touch, position, and other primary sensory modalities.Dogs: The domestic dog, Canis familiaris, comprising about 400 breeds, of the carnivore family CANIDAE. They are worldwide in distribution and live in association with people. (Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, p1065)Connexin 43: A 43-kDa peptide which is a member of the connexin family of gap junction proteins. Connexin 43 is a product of a gene in the alpha class of connexin genes (the alpha-1 gene). It was first isolated from mammalian heart, but is widespread in the body including the brain.Tachycardia, Atrioventricular Nodal Reentry: Abnormally rapid heartbeats caused by reentry of atrial impulse into the dual (fast and slow) pathways of ATRIOVENTRICULAR NODE. The common type involves a blocked atrial impulse in the slow pathway which reenters the fast pathway in a retrograde direction and simultaneously conducts to the atria and the ventricles leading to rapid HEART RATE of 150-250 beats per minute.Peroneal Nerve: The lateral of the two terminal branches of the sciatic nerve. The peroneal (or fibular) nerve provides motor and sensory innervation to parts of the leg and foot.Atrial Fibrillation: Abnormal cardiac rhythm that is characterized by rapid, uncoordinated firing of electrical impulses in the upper chambers of the heart (HEART ATRIA). In such case, blood cannot be effectively pumped into the lower chambers of the heart (HEART VENTRICLES). It is caused by abnormal impulse generation.Carpal Tunnel Syndrome: Entrapment of the MEDIAN NERVE in the carpal tunnel, which is formed by the flexor retinaculum and the CARPAL BONES. This syndrome may be associated with repetitive occupational trauma (CUMULATIVE TRAUMA DISORDERS); wrist injuries; AMYLOID NEUROPATHIES; rheumatoid arthritis (see ARTHRITIS, RHEUMATOID); ACROMEGALY; PREGNANCY; and other conditions. Symptoms include burning pain and paresthesias involving the ventral surface of the hand and fingers which may radiate proximally. Impairment of sensation in the distribution of the median nerve and thenar muscle atrophy may occur. (Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1995, Ch51, p45)

Agrammatic comprehension of simple active sentences with moved constituents: Hebrew OSV and OVS structures. (1/9)

This study examines agrammatic comprehension of object-subject-verb (OSV) and object-verb-subject (OVS) structures in Hebrew. These structures are syntactically identical to the basic order subject-verb-object (SVO) sentence except for the movement of the object to the beginning of the sentence, and thus enable empirical examination of syntactic movement in agrammatic comprehension. Seven individuals with agrammatism, 7 individuals with conduction aphasia, and 7 individuals without language impairment, all native speakers of Hebrew, performed a sentence-picture matching task. The task compared OSV and OVS sentences to SVO sentences and to subject and object relatives. Individuals with agrammatism performed more poorly than those in either of the other groups. Their comprehension of SVO sentences was significantly above chance, but comprehension of OSV and OVS sentences was at chance and was poorer than comprehension of SVO sentences. These results show that agrammatic comprehension of structures that involve movement of a noun phrase is impaired even when the structure is a simple active sentence, in line with the Trace Deletion Hypothesis (TDH; Y. Grodzinsky, 1990, 1995a, 2000). A modification is suggested to accommodate the TDH with the VP Internal Subject Hypothesis, according to which individuals with agrammatism use an "Avoid Movement" strategy in comprehension.  (+info)

Functional MRI follow-up study of language processes in healthy subjects and during recovery in a case of aphasia. (2/9)

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The goal of this study was to develop a functional MRI (fMRI) paradigm robust and reproducible enough in healthy subjects to be adapted for a follow-up study aiming at evaluating the anatomical substratum of recovery in poststroke aphasia. METHODS: Ten right-handed subjects were studied longitudinally using fMRI (7 of them being scanned twice) and compared with a patient with conduction aphasia during the first year of stroke recovery. RESULTS: Controls exhibited reproducible activation patterns between subjects and between sessions during language tasks. In contrast, the patient exhibited dynamic changes in brain activation pattern, particularly in the phonological task, during the 2 fMRI sessions. At 1 month after stroke, language homotopic right areas were recruited, whereas large perilesional left involvement occurred later (12 months). CONCLUSIONS: We first demonstrate intersubject robustness and intrasubject reproducibility of our paradigm in 10 healthy subjects and thus its validity in a patient follow-up study over a stroke recovery time course. Indeed, results suggest a spatiotemporal poststroke brain reorganization involving both hemispheres during the recovery course, with an early implication of a new contralateral functional neural network and a later implication of an ipsilateral one.  (+info)

The rises and falls of disconnection syndromes. (3/9)

In a brain composed of localized but connected specialized areas, disconnection leads to dysfunction. This simple formulation underlay a range of 19th century neurological disorders, referred to collectively as disconnection syndromes. Although disconnectionism fell out of favour with the move against localized brain theories in the early 20th century, in 1965, an American neurologist brought disconnection to the fore once more in a paper entitled, 'Disconnexion syndromes in animals and man'. In what was to become the manifesto of behavioural neurology, Norman Geschwind outlined a pure disconnectionist framework which revolutionized both clinical neurology and the neurosciences in general. For him, disconnection syndromes were higher function deficits that resulted from white matter lesions or lesions of the association cortices, the latter acting as relay stations between primary motor, sensory and limbic areas. From a clinical perspective, the work reawakened interest in single case studies by providing a useful framework for correlating lesion locations with clinical deficits. In the neurosciences, it helped develop contemporary distributed network and connectionist theories of brain function. Geschwind's general disconnectionist paradigm ruled clinical neurology for 20 years but in the late 1980s, with the re-emergence of specialized functional roles for association cortex, the orbit of its remit began to diminish and it became incorporated into more general models of higher dysfunction. By the 1990s, textbooks of neurology were devoting only a few pages to classical disconnection theory. Today, new techniques to study connections in the living human brain allow us, for the first time, to test the classical formulation directly and broaden it beyond disconnections to include disorders of hyperconnectivity. In this review, on the 40th anniversary of Geschwind's publication, we describe the changing fortunes of disconnection theory and adapt the general framework that evolved from it to encompass the entire spectrum of higher function disorders in neurology and psychiatry.  (+info)

Visuomotor tracking abilities of speakers with apraxia of speech or conduction aphasia. (4/9)

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The role of the arcuate fasciculus in conduction aphasia. (5/9)

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Treatment of category generation and retrieval in aphasia: effect of typicality of category items. (6/9)

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Conduction aphasia, sensory-motor integration, and phonological short-term memory - an aggregate analysis of lesion and fMRI data. (7/9)

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Density pervades: an analysis of phonological neighbourhood density effects in aphasic speakers with different types of naming impairment. (8/9)

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*Conduction aphasia

However, conduction aphasia is a mild aphasia, and conduction aphasics score highly on the WAB at baseline. In the late 19th ... Symptoms of conduction aphasia, as with other aphasias, can be transient, lasting only several hours or a few days. As aphasias ... Conduction aphasia, also called associative aphasia, is a relatively rare form of aphasia. An acquired language disorder, it is ... with potential to cause conduction aphasia.[citation needed] Conduction aphasia can also be seen in cases of cortical damage ...

*Arcuate fasciculus

The symptoms of conduction aphasia suggest that the connection between posterior temporal cortex and frontal cortex plays a ... Damage to the direct pathway may produce conduction aphasia, whereas damage to the indirect pathway spares the ability to ... Bernal, B.; Ardila, A. (18 August 2009). "The role of the arcuate fasciculus in conduction aphasia". Brain. 132 (9): 2309-2316 ... Evidence for the role of the arcuate fasciculus in language use is best represented by conduction aphasia, caused by damage to ...

*Wernicke's area

Bernal B, Ardila A (September 2009). "The role of the arcuate fasciculus in conduction aphasia". Brain. 132 (Pt 9): 2309-16. ... Receptive aphasia in which such abilities are preserved is also known as Wernicke's aphasia. In this condition there is a major ... fluent aphasia. This means that the person with aphasia will be able to fluently connect words, but the phrases will lack ... This is unlike non-fluent aphasia, in which the person will use meaningful words, but in a non-fluent, telegraphic manner. ...

*Apraxia of speech

Although disorders such as expressive aphasia, conduction aphasia, and dysarthria involve similar symptoms as apraxia of speech ... while patients with aphasia are not always fully able to comprehend others' speech. Conduction aphasia is another speech ... Patients with conduction aphasia are typically able to speak fluently, but they do not have the ability to repeat what they ... Although patients who suffer from conduction aphasia have full comprehension of speech, as do AOS sufferers, there are ...

*Two-streams hypothesis

This shows that conduction aphasia must reflect not an impairment of the ventral pathway but instead of the dorsal pathway. ... Conduction aphasia has been more specifically related to damage of the arcuate fasciculus, which is vital for both speech and ... Conduction aphasia affects a subject's ability to reproduce speech (typically by repetition), though it has no influence on the ... "Functionally, conduction aphasia has been characterized as a deficit in the ability to encode phonological information for ...

*Logopenic progressive aphasia

It is similar to conduction aphasia and is associated with atrophy to the left posterior temporal cortex and inferior parietal ... Logopenic progressive aphasia (LPA) is a form of primary progressive aphasia. It is defined clinically by impairments in naming ... Aphasia Dementia Early-onset Alzheimer's disease Harciarek M, Kertesz A (September 2011). "Primary progressive aphasias and ... Logopenic progressive aphasia is caused by damage to segregated brain regions, specifically the inferior parietal lobe and ...

*Primary progressive aphasia

... and thus can resemble Conduction aphasia. However, these PPA subtypes differ from these similar aphasias, as these subtypes do ... "Primary Progressive Aphasia - National Aphasia Association". National Aphasia Association. Retrieved 2017-12-17. Mesulam M ( ... A third variant of primary progressive aphasia, logopenic progressive aphasia (LPA), is an atypical form of Alzheimer's disease ... Primary progressive aphasia (PPA) is a type of neurological syndrome in which language capabilities slowly and progressively ...

*Language processing in the brain

Conduction aphasia: Characterized by poor speech repetition, this disorder is rather uncommon and happens when branches of the ... The aphasias listed below are examples of acute aphasias which can result from brain injury or stroke. Expressive aphasia ( ... Receptive aphasia (Wernicke's Aphasia): Individuals with receptive aphasia are able to produce speech without a problem. ... December 2011). "Conduction aphasia, sensory-motor integration, and phonological short-term memory - an aggregate analysis of ...

*Disconnection syndrome

... and tactile aphasia, among other symptoms. Other types of disconnection syndrome include conduction aphasia (lesion of the ... In 1874, Carl Wernicke introduced this concept in his dissertation when he suggested that conduction aphasia could result from ... Many studies have shown that disconnection syndromes such as aphasia, agnosia, apraxia, pure alexia and many others are not ... Disconnection syndrome can also lead to aphasia, left-sided apraxia, ...

*Anomic aphasia

Conduction aphasia Expressive aphasia Lists of language disorders Primary progressive aphasia Receptive aphasia "Anomic Aphasia ... Anomic aphasia (also known as dysnomia, nominal aphasia, and amnesic aphasia) is a mild, fluent type of aphasia where an ... National Aphasia Association". National Aphasia Association. Retrieved 2015-11-13. Manasco, M. (2014). Chapter 4: The Aphasias ... October 1999). "Conduction aphasia and the arcuate fasciculus: A reexamination of the Wernicke-Geschwind model". Brain Lang. 70 ...

*Electrical brain stimulation

Cognitive: Acalculia, paraphasia, anomic aphasia, recalling memories, "going into a trance", "out of this world", conduction ... aphasia, hemispatial neglect, alexia, déjà vu, reliving past experiences, agraphia, apraxia, etc. EBS in face-sensitive regions ...

*Tip of the tongue

... and conduction aphasia) were instructed to name famous people. Those with anomic aphasia showed to be superior to the other ... This finding was expected as the group has relatively mild aphasia. However, the Broca's conduction and AD groups did not ... Anomic aphasia is the inability to recall words and names and is a common symptom of patients with Aphasia and Alzheimer's ... Memory and aging Psycholinguistics Neurolinguistics Metamemory Aphasia and in particular anomic aphasia Neuroanatomy of memory ...

*Speech repetition

Alan Baddeley Auditory processing disorder Baddeley's model of working memory Conduction aphasia Developmental verbal dyspraxia ... Wernicke K. The aphasia symptom-complex. 1874. Breslau, Cohn and Weigert. Translated in: Eling P, editor. Reader in the history ... Evidence from aphasia". Brain : a journal of neurology. 107 (2): 463-485. doi:10.1093/brain/107.2.463. PMID 6722512. McCarthy, ... 1994). p. 69-89.Reader in the history of aphasia. Vol. 4. Amsterdam: John Benjamins: "The major tasks of the child in speech ...

*Receptive aphasia

Aphasia Expressive aphasia Conduction aphasia Logorrhea Agraphia Paragrammatism Transcortical sensory aphasia Wernicke- ... Wernicke's aphasia, also known as receptive aphasia, sensory aphasia, or posterior aphasia, is a type of aphasia in which ... Davis, G.A. "Aphasia Therapy Guide". National Aphasia Association. Keefe, K.A. (1995). "Applying basic neuroscience to aphasia ... "Wernicke's (Receptive) Aphasia". National Aphasia Association. "Common Classifications of Aphasia". American Speech-Language- ...

*Paraphasia

Examples of these fluent aphasias include receptive or Wernicke's aphasia, anomic aphasia, conduction aphasia, and ... Neologistic paraphasia is often associated with receptive aphasia and jargon aphasia. Types of Neologistic paraphasias There ... Subjects of this aphasia are aware of their errors in speech. Damage to the Broca's area does not affect comprehension of ... Wernicke's aphasia is characterized by fluent language with made up or unnecessary words with little or no meaning to speech. ...

*List of MeSH codes (C23)

... expressive aphasia MeSH C23.888.592.604.150.500.800.100.111 --- aphasia, conduction MeSH C23.888.592.604.150.500.800.100.155 ... primary progressive aphasia MeSH C23.888.592.604.150.500.800.100.166 --- receptive aphasia MeSH C23.888.592.604.150.500.800.150 ... anomic aphasia MeSH C23.888.592.604.150.500.300 --- dyslexia MeSH C23.888.592.604.150.500.300.200 --- Alexia (acquired dyslexia ...

*List of MeSH codes (C10)

... aphasia, conduction MeSH C10.597.606.150.500.800.100.155 --- primary progressive aphasia MeSH C10.597.606.150.500.800.100.166 ... aphasia MeSH C10.597.606.150.500.800.100.100 --- expressive aphasia MeSH C10.597.606.150.500.800.100.111 --- ... anomic aphasia MeSH C10.597.606.150.500.300 --- dyslexia MeSH C10.597.606.150.500.300.200 --- alexia (acquired dyslexia) MeSH ... primary progressive aphasia MeSH C10.228.140.380.165 --- creutzfeldt-jakob syndrome MeSH C10.228.140.380.230 --- dementia, ...

*Transcortical sensory aphasia

Anomic aphasia Conduction aphasia Global aphasia Primary progressive aphasias Transcortical motor aphasia Broca's area ... receptive aphasia. However, transcortical sensory aphasia differs from receptive aphasia in that patients still have intact ... Transcortical sensory aphasia (TSA) is a kind of aphasia that involves damage to specific areas of the temporal lobe of the ... TSA is a fluent aphasia similar to Wernicke's aphasia, with the exception of a strong ability to repeat words and phrases. The ...

*Mixed transcortical aphasia

While there are different classifications of aphasia (i.e., Broca's, Wernicke's, Conduction, Anomia), they each have hallmark ... Mixed transcortical aphasia is the least common of the three transcortical aphasias (behind transcortical motor aphasia and ... This type of aphasia can also be referred to as "Isolation Aphasia". This type of aphasia is a result of damage that isolates ... Lesions in the superior temporal gyrus (STG) produce a more persistent global aphasia, which is associated with poor aphasia ...

*Boston Diagnostic Aphasia Examination

Thus, unambiguous cases of Broca's aphasia, Wernicke's aphasia, conduction aphasia, and anomic aphasia were selected. Ten ... conduction, transcortical, transcortical motor, transcortical sensory, and global aphasia syndromes, although the test does not ... and other comprehensive tests exist like the Western Aphasia Battery. The Boston Diagnostic Aphasia Examination (BDAE-3) ... The Boston Diagnostic Aphasia Examination or BDAE is a neuropsychological battery used to evaluate adults suspected of having ...

*Global aphasia

When compared to individuals with Broca's, Wernicke's, anomic, and conduction types of aphasia, those with Broca's aphasia ... Global aphasia is a severe form of nonfluent aphasia, caused by damage to the left side of the brain, that affects receptive ... Additionally, the Boston Assessment of Severe Aphasia (BASA) is a commonly used assessment for diagnosing aphasia. BASA is used ... Nonetheless, in the first year post-stroke, patients with global aphasia showed improvement in their Western Aphasia Battery ( ...

*Aphasiology

Conduction Aphasia is a rare form of aphasia in which fibres in the arcuate fasciculus and superior longitudinal fasciculus are ... expressive aphasia (Broca's aphasia) and receptive aphasia (Wernicke's or sensory aphasia). Acute aphasias are often the result ... global aphasia may progress into expressive aphasia or receptive aphasia. A person with anomic aphasia have word-finding ... Anomic aphasia, also known as anomia, is a non-fluent aphasia, which means the person speaks hesitantly because of a difficulty ...

*Communication disorder

Conduction aphasia Anomic aphasia Global aphasia Primary progressive aphasias Progressive nonfluent aphasia Semantic dementia ... Acute aphasias Expressive aphasia also known as Broca's aphasia, expressive aphasia is a non-fluent aphasia that is ... Receptive aphasia also known as Wernicke's aphasia, receptive aphasia is a fluent aphasia that is categorized by damage to the ... Aphasia is loss of the ability to produce or comprehend language. There are acute aphasias which result from stroke or brain ...

*Electrical injury

People who survive electrical trauma may suffer a host of injuries including loss of consciousness, seizures, aphasia, visual ... problems with peripheral nerve conduction and sensation, inadequate balance and coordination, among other symptoms. Electrical ... for Hyperhidrosis with the device called iontophoresis As part of electrodiagnosis diagnostic tests including nerve conduction ...

*Index of anatomy articles

Edinger-Westphal nucleus efferent ducts efferent nerve fiber efferent limb ejaculatory duct elbow electrical conduction system ... gyrus anhidrosis animal morphology anisocoria ankle ankle reflex annular ligament annulus of Zinn anomaly anomic aphasia ... layer monaminergic neurons mononeuropathy multiplex mons pubis moro reflex morphology morula mossy fiber ending motor aphasia ... asterixis astrocyte asynergy ataxia atlanto-occipital joint atlas atresia atrioventricular node atrium auditory aphasia ...

*List of ICD-9 codes 390-459: diseases of the circulatory system

Aphasia (438.12) Dysphasia (438.19) Other speech and language deficits (438.2) Hemiplegia/hemiparesis (438.20) Hemiplegia ... Conduction disorders (426.0) Atrioventricular block, third degree (426.11) Atrioventricular block, first degree (426.12) ...
Different explanations and subtypes of conduction aphasia are analyzed. Characteristics of literal paraphasias in parietal-insular conduction aphasia are discussed, emphasizing that paraphasias in conduction aphasia are articulatory-based (articulatory literal paraphasias) and due mainly to phoneme substitutions and phoneme deletions; they result basically in switches in phoneme manner and place of articulation. Similarities between errors in ideomotor apraxia and conduction aphasia language deficits are presented. It is proposed that language deviations (in oral as in written language) in conduction aphasia can be understood as a segmentary apraxia of speech.
To understand the symptoms, recall that Brocas area is associated roughly with expression, Wernickes area with comprehension. With both areas intact but the neural connections between them broken, there is the curious condition where the patient can understand what is being said but cannot repeat it (or repeats it incorrectly). This patient will also end up saying something inappropriate or wrong, realize his/her mistake, but continue making further mistakes while trying to correct it. ...
Assessment of brain-damaged subjects presenting with dissociated repetition deficits after selective injury to either the left dorsal or ventral auditory pathways can provide further insight on their respective roles in verbal repetition. We evaluated repetition performance and its neural correlates using multimodal imaging (anatomical MRI, DTI, fMRI and 18FDG-PET) in a female patient with transcortical motor aphasia (TCMA) and in a male patient with conduction aphasia (CA) who had small contiguous but non-overlapping left perisylvian infarctions. Repetition in the TCMA patient was fully preserved except for a mild impairment in nonwords and digits, whereas the CA patient had impaired repetition of nonwords, digits and word triplet lists. Sentence repetition was impaired, but he repeated novel sentences significantly better than clichés. The TCMA patient had tissue damage and reduced metabolism in the left sensorimotor cortex and insula. DTI showed damage to the left temporo-frontal and parieto-frontal
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From an original sample of 87 non-speaking children with severe CP, 68 passed the pre-test (i.e. they matched at least five spoken words to the corresponding objects) of a specifically developed computer-based instrument for low motor language testing (C-BiLLT), admitting them to the actual C-BiLLT computer test. As a result, the present study included 68 children with severe CP (35 boys, 33 girls; mean age 6;11 years, SD 3;0 years; age range 1;9-11;11 years) who were investigated with the C-BiLLT for comprehension of different sentence types: phrases, simple active sentences (with one or two arguments) and compound sentences. The C-BiLLT provides norm data of typically developing (TD) children (1;6-6;6 years). Binomial logistic regression analyses were used to compare the percentage correct of each sentence type in children with severe CP with that in TD children (subdivided into age groups) and to compare percentage correct within the CP subtypes ...
In the auditory domain, Josef Rauschecker is often credited with originating the view that auditory cortex is subdivided into two processing streams, a dorsal "where" stream and a ventral "what" stream (Rauschecker, 1998; Rauschecker and Scott, 2009). However, the idea of dual auditory streams predates Rauscheckers influential papers by several decades. Deutsch and Roll proposed separate "what" and "where" mechanisms for hearing in their 1976 report (Deutsch and Roll, 1976) citing then recent animal neurophysiological evidence for the distinction (Evans and Nelson, 1973). And a historical precedent to a dual-stream model of audition goes even farther back to the work of Poljak who in 1926 discussed the various subdivisions in "the connections of the acoustic nerve" and came to a conclusion that foreshadowed current dual-stream ideas by the better part of a century ...
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I dag har jeg pakket inn alle sarte planter. I natt melder de om 1 grad kl. 05.00, så da tar jeg ingen sjanser. Fikk samlet alle fuchsiaene sammen med de andre som sto i kroken, og fikk laget et telt av fleece til de der de står. En blir ganske kreativ og tar i bruk alt tilgjengelig matriell for å få pakket de inn. Bambusstenger, gardintrapper osv. Jeg håper at det ikke blir kaldere enn det yr melder. Plantene skal jo inn på planterommet etterhvert, men det kan bli mildt lenge enda. Plantene har best av å stå ute, og fuchsiaene er kjempefine nå. De er så fulle av knopper at det er helt utrolig. Sånn er det hver høst når det nærmer seg frost ...
Gergely Osváth, Timea Daubner, Gareth Dyke, Tibor I. Fuisz, Andreas Nord, Janka Pénzes, Dorottya Vargancsik, Csongor I. Vágási, Orsolya Vincze, Péter L. ...
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Disconnection syndrome is a general term for a number of neurological symptoms caused by damage to the white matter axons of communication pathways-via lesions to association fibers or commissural fibers-in the cerebrum, independent of any lesions to the cortex. The behavioral effects of such disconnections are relatively predictable in adults. Disconnection syndromes usually reflect circumstances where regions A and B still have their functional specializations except in domains that depend on the interconnections between the two regions. Callosal syndrome, or split-brain, is an example of a disconnection syndrome from damage to the corpus callosum between the two hemispheres of the brain. Disconnection syndrome can also lead to aphasia, left-sided apraxia, and tactile aphasia, among other symptoms. Other types of disconnection syndrome include conduction aphasia (lesion of the association tract connecting Brocas area and Wernickes), agnosia, apraxia, pure alexia, etc. The concept of ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - CMIP and ATP2C2 modulate phonological short-term memory in language impairment. AU - Newbury, Dianne F.. AU - Winchester, Laura. AU - Addis, Laura. AU - Paracchini, Silvia. AU - Buckingham, Lyn-Louise. AU - Clark, Ann. AU - Cohen, Wendy. AU - Cowie, Hilary. AU - Dworzynski, Katharina. AU - Everitt, Andrea. AU - Goodyer, Ian M.. AU - Hennessy, Elizabeth. AU - Kindley, A. David. AU - Miller, Laura L.. AU - Nasir, Jamal. AU - OHare, Anne. AU - Shaw, Duncan. AU - Simkin, Zoe. AU - Simonoff, Emily. AU - Slonims, Vicky. AU - Watson, Jocelynne. AU - Ragoussis, Jiannis. AU - Fisher, Simon E.. AU - Seckl, Jonathon R.. AU - Helms, Peter J.. AU - Bolton, Patrick F.. AU - Pickles, Andrew. AU - Conti-Ramsden, Gina. AU - Baird, Gillian. AU - Bishop, Dorothy V.M.. AU - Monaco, Anthony P.. PY - 2009/8/14. Y1 - 2009/8/14. N2 - Specific language impairment (SLI) is a common developmental disorder characterized by difficulties in language acquisition despite otherwise normal development and in the ...
In a new paper soon to be published in Cognitive Science (Chen & Mirman, in press) we test a unique prediction from our model. The idea is that phonological neighborhood effects in spoken word recognition are so robust because phonological neighbors are consistently strongly activated during spoken word recognition. If we can reduce their activation by creating a context in which they are not among the likely targets, then their inhibitory effect will not just get smaller, it will become smaller than the facilitative effect, so the net result will be a flip to a facilitative effect. We tested this by using spoken word-to-picture matching with eye-tracking, more commonly known as the "visual world paradigm". When four (phonologically unrelated) pictures appear on the screen, they provide some semantic information about the likely target word. The longer they are on-screen before the spoken word begins, the more this semantic context will influence which lexical candidates will be activated. At ...
Previous research has shown that comprehension of complex sentences involving wh-movement (e.g., object-relative clauses) elicits activation in the left inferior frontal gyrus (IFG) and left posterior temporal cortex. However, relatively little is known about the neural correlates of processing passive sentences, which differ from other complex sentences in terms of representation (i.e., noun phrase (NP)-movement) and processing (i.e., the time course of syntactic reanalysis). In the present study, 27 adults (14 younger and 13 older) listened to passive and active sentences and performed a sentence-picture verification task using functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI). Passive sentences, relative to active sentences, elicited greater activation in bilateral IFG and left temporo-occipital regions. Participant age did not significantly affect patterns of activation. Consistent with previous research, activation in left temporo-occipital cortex likely reflects thematic reanalysis processes, whereas,
Newbury, D F and Winchester, Laura and Addis, L and Paracchini, Silvia and Buckingham, Lyn-Louise and Clark, Ann and Cohen, W and Cowie, H and Dworzynski, Katharina and Everitt, Andrea and Goodyer, IM and Hennessy, E and Kindley, AD and Miller, Laura L and Nasir, J and OHare, Anne and Shaw, D and Simkin, Z and Simonoff, E and Slonims, V and Watson, Jocelynne and Ragoussis, Jiannis and Fisher, SE and Seckl, J and Helms, PJ and Bolton, PF and Pickles, A and Conti-Ramsden, G and Baird, G and Bishop, DVM and Monaco, AP (2009) CMIP and ATP2C2 Modulate Phonological Short-Term Memory in Language Impairment. The American Journal of Human Genetics, 85 (2). pp. 264-272. ISSN 00029297 Michailidou, Z and Carter, RN and Marshall, E and Sutherland, HG and Brownstein, DG and Owen, E and Cockett, K and Kelly, V and Ramage, L and Al-Dujaili, Emad A S and Ross, M and Maraki, I and Newton, K and Holmes, MC and Seckl, J and Morton, NM and Kenyon, CJ and Chapman, KE (2008) Glucocorticoid receptor haploinsufficiency ...
Norské město Drammen žilo ve dnech 18. až 21. srpna hudebním festivalem Elvefestival. Kromě severských kapel a umělců vystoupily rovněž osvědčené hvězdy světového formátu. Na pódiu mohli návštěvníci slyšet např. kanadskoamerickou zpěvačku a textařku Alanis Morissette, britskou rockovou hudební skupinu Status Quo a v sobotu 20. srpna zazpívala i Anastacia. Zpěvačka vsadila na osvědčené hity a na pódiu odeznělo třináct jejich nejznámějších skladeb. Sick & Tired, I Call It Love, Defeated, Welcome To My Truth, Underground Army, Whyd You Lie To Me, Paid My Dues, Heavy On My Heart, Not That Kind, One Day In Your Life, Im Outta Love, Heavy Rotation a na závěr nemohl chybět ani megahit Left Outside Alone. (Odkaz na videa v detailu článku.) Atmosféru koncertu zachytili na fotografiích členové rakouského fanclubu.
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Pulse oximetry is routinely used for monitoring patients oxygen saturation levels with little regard to the variability of this physiological variable. There are few published studies on oxygen saturation variability (OSV), with none describing the variability and its pattern in a healthy adult population. The aim of this study was to characterise the pattern of OSV using several parameters: the regularity (sample entropy analysis), the self-similarity (detrended fluctuation analysis (DFA)), and the complexity (multiscale entropy (MSE) analysis). Secondly, to determine if there were any changes that occur with age.. The study population consisted of 36 individuals. The young population consisted of 20 individuals [Mean age = 21.0 (SD = 1.36 years)] and the old population consisted of 16 individuals [Mean age = 50.0 (SD = 10.4 years)]. Through DFA analysis, OSV was shown to exhibit fractal-like patterns. The sample entropy revealed the variability to be more regular than heart rate ...
Pulse oximetry is routinely used for monitoring patients oxygen saturation levels with little regard to the variability of this physiological variable. There are few published studies on oxygen saturation variability (OSV), with none describing the variability and its pattern in a healthy adult population. The aim of this study was to characterise the pattern of OSV using several parameters: the regularity (sample entropy analysis), the self-similarity (detrended fluctuation analysis (DFA)), and the complexity (multiscale entropy (MSE) analysis). Secondly, to determine if there were any changes that occur with age.. The study population consisted of 36 individuals. The young population consisted of 20 individuals [Mean age = 21.0 (SD = 1.36 years)] and the old population consisted of 16 individuals [Mean age = 50.0 (SD = 10.4 years)]. Through DFA analysis, OSV was shown to exhibit fractal-like patterns. The sample entropy revealed the variability to be more regular than heart rate ...
This paper shows that some individuals with Down syndrome are capable of producing, imitating (repeating) and comprehending passive sentences, even though group studies indicate that this is not the norm. Experimental tests of elicited production, repetition and comprehension of passive and active sentences applied in ten adolescents with Down syndrome, speakers of Portuguese, showed that out of the ten adolescents, one, Fa, is able to produce, imitate and comprehend passive sentences. It is hypothesised that, when there is no comprehension, or when the comprehension of reversible passives is unstable, the passive is understood as active, because the first noun of the passive sentence is interpreted as agent/causer of the action/non-action. This hypothesis is strong inasmuch as it assumes that both active and passive have very similar initial derivations. There is not, however, strong evidence that the nine adolescents interpret the passive as active.
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HVA ER PHOTON?. Et photon er en lyspartikkel. All lysenergi som vi mottar, enten fra solen eller kunstige kilder, også alle farger, som er refleksjon av lys, er photoner som gir inntrykk til netthinnen i våre øyne. I tillegg til dette synlige lyset, finnes det andre typer lys som vår netthinne ikke registrerer. Dette lyset kan ha en kortere eller lengre bølgelengde enn det synlige lyset.. Photoner med kortere bølgelengde er; UV stråler, røntgen stråler, gamma stråler osv. Photoner med lengre bølgelengde er; infrarøde, mikrobølger, radio og TV bølger osv.. Photon Platinum® sender ut infrarøde bølger med en bølgelengde som er svært nær opptil det synlige lyset. Kortere bølgelengder er svært skadelige, og vi bør absolutt ikke utsettes for en slik form for stråling. Heldigvis har vi ozonlaget som beskytter oss mot disse fra verdensrommet. Lange bølgelengder har ikke mulighet til å påvirke noen spesielle biologiske reaksjoner. Kun mellombølger i gruppen infrarødt, i ...
Course Meets: 11:15-12:05 D BH 147 This course is a continuation of H100/H500. The class is conducted mainly in Hebrew and continues to concentrate on the acquisition of modern Israeli Hebrew at an elementary level. All language skills - reading, writing, grammar, vocabulary, composition, etc. - are equally emphasized. Weekly assignments will include one lesson from Israeli Hebrew plus one quiz per week (excluding exam weeks) based on the contents of the lesson learned. Grading will be based on the results of quizzes, mid-terms, and a final exam, plus daily participation in the class and handling of class conversation sessions and lab assignments ...
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Hebrew baby names run the gamut from ancient to modern. Weve compiled a most-excellent combined list that should satisfy everyone.
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On todays study, we continued our study through Hebrews. Today, we studied the first part of chapter 7. This study took place on May 17, 2017.. ...
τιμιος ο γαμος εν πασιν και η κοιτη αμιαντος πορνους δε και μοιχους κρινει ο θεος Stephanus Hebrews 13:4
さあ 今夏も新たな出会いを経験してみませんか?当サイトは円助交際の逆 つまり女性が男性を円助する「逆円助交際「を提供します》逆円交際を未経験の方でも気軽に遊べる大人のマッチングシステムです》年齢上限ヵ容姿ヵ経験一切問いません》男性の方は無料で登録して頂けます》貴方も新たな出会いを経験してみませんか ...
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Our Father, our King, be gracious to us and answer us, for we have no meritorious deeds; deal charitably and kindly with us and deliver us.. (The Ark is closed.). ...
Insome of my previous articles you have been introduced to various numbers, not numerology, but Gods own numbers in the Hebrew language. You will find throughout these articles referring to Gods number code, numbers will be written as numbers...
Since the isolation of the Oregon sockeye salmon virus (OSV) in 1958, extensive investigations have been undertaken to characterize the properties of this virus. The results of these investigations have indicated that OSV is a single-stranded RNA virus which contains essential lipids and has a density of 1.16 gm/cm³ in sucrose. In negative stained, glutaraldehyde-fixed preparations, OSV has been identified as a bullet shaped particle 166 to 181 nm in length and 91 to 98 nm in diameter. OSV has been tentatively placed in the Rhabdovirus group. OSV has been found to be antigenically indistinguishable from infectious hematopoietic necrosis (IHN) virus, a bullet shaped virus of sockeye salmon and rainbow trout. Events occurring during a single cycle of OSV replication were investigated. OSV was found to adsorb rapidly to the cell monolayer in the first 15 minutes of exposure. By 60 to 75 minutes after virus exposure under the conditions used, adsorption appeared to be essentially completed. A ...
The simple active site inhibition model is shown schematically below. However, in order to address the many early reports of severe side effects, further refinement has led to a new generation of ACE inhibitors that include enalapril. There is a freely available summary of current ACE inhibitors here. The captopril story is an excellent example of how medicinal chemistry developed in the 1970s in particular. It was followed by approaches based on screening large automated libraries of compounds in a methodology called combinatorial chemistry. I note with interest and enthusiasm, the resurgence of Natural Product chemistry in the areas of antibiotics and anti-malarial drugs, and direct you to a nice review of this "renaissance" by Tadesz Molinski, which is free to download here. ...
Unscramble aphasia, Unscramble letters aphasia, Point value for aphasia, Word Decoder for aphasia, Word generator using the letters aphasia, Word Solver aphasia, Possible Scrabble words with aphasia, Anagram of aphasia
Hagymási, Imre and Vancsó, Péter and Pálinkás, András and Osváth, Zoltán (2017) Interaction effects in a chaotic graphene quantum billiard. PHYSICAL REVIEW B. ISSN 2469-9950 (In Press) Deokar, G. and Rajput, N. S. and Vancsó, Péter and Ravaux, F. and Jouiad, M. (2017) Large area growth of vertically aligned luminescent MoS2 nanosheets. NANOSCALE, 9 (1). pp. 277-287. ISSN 2040-3364 Vancsó, Péter and Hagymási, Imre and Tapasztó, Levente (2017) A magnetic phase-transition graphene transistor with tunable spin polarization. 2D MATERIALS, 4 (2). pp. 1-9. ISSN 2053-1583 Koós, Antal Adolf and Vancsó, Péter and Magda, Gábor Zsolt and Osváth, Zoltán and Kertész, Krisztián Imre and Dobrik, Gergely and Tapasztó, Levente and Biró, László Péter (2016) STM study of the MoS2 flakes grown on graphite: A model system for atomically clean 2D heterostructure interfaces. Carbon, 105. pp. 408-415. ISSN 0008-6223 Koós, Antal Adolf and Vancsó, Péter and Magda, Gábor Z. and Osváth, ...
Starting from 9 October 2012, the Department of Oriental Studies will be offering an evening course in Modern Hebrew. One weekly session will be held every Tuesday from 1700hrs till 1900hrs at the University campus. The course will come to an end in May 2013. The course in Modern Hebrew will introduce University students and members of the general public to basic notions of Israeli Hebrew, with particular emphasis on the functional, especially conversational, aspects, of this language. Applicants need not have any previous knowledge of Modern Hebrew, and no prerequisites are needed. Those interested are requested to submit their application by 24 September 2012. Applications are available online ...
SBA posted an article from the Philologos column of Forward about the word tallis to Areivim. Since I was one of the posters about the word several months ago, and I was mqattzer in some of my comments, I feel it necessary to bore everybody with a brief review of the issue. PHILOLOGOS explains the following: ,One occasionally does come across Hebrew-derived Yiddish words that do not take a Hebrew plural; the word sotn, for instance, "devil" (from Hebrew satan), is not pluralized as stonim (Hebrew setanim) but rather as sotons. And the reverse is also sometimes true: There are a few non-Hebrew-derived words in Yiddish that take Hebrew plurals, such as dokter, "doctor," which becomes doktoyrim, or "poyer," peasant, which becomes poyerim. ,But why -- as is the case with tallis -- should a Hebrew-derived Yiddish word take a Hebrew plural but an incorrect one, using the Hebrew masculine plural ending -- im for the feminine Hebrew word tallit instead of the Hebrew feminine plural ending -- ot? The ...
List of words make out of Aphasias. Anagrams of word Aphasias. Words made after scrabbling Aphasias. Word Creation helps in Anagrams and Puzzles.
7 dl honni-korn og 3,5 dl melk.. - Energi: 506 kcal. - Karbohydrater: 91 g. (72 E%) - Protein: 18 g. (14 E%) - Fett: 7,2 g. (12 E%) Kommentar: Denne måtte testes to ganger. Første gangen ble jeg så kvalm før jeg var ferdig at jeg ikke klarte å spise opp, dette resultatet ble derfor ikke tatt med. Mett i 3 t. 30 min. Hadde vondt i kjeven etter å tygge så mye etter frokosten, følelsen var også kvalm. De siste skjeene var en kamp.. Viktig å merke seg. Før jeg kommer med resultatene er det viktig å merke seg at som med alt annet er dette svært individuellt. Man kan ha forskjellig toleranse for karbohydrater, akkurat som for gluten, laktose osv.. Det er også verdt og merke seg den psykiske delen av dette. Jeg var ganske sikker på at resultatet fra honni-korn kom dårligst ut, og da kan nok dette påvirke min følelse for måltidet, både med tanke på metthet der og da og på varigheten. Selve blodsukkermålingene kan ikke påvirkes psykisk (så vidt jeg vet!). Jeg har den siste tiden ...
Value of phosphorus in Gematria is 696, Online Gematria Calculator with same phrases values search and words. English Gematria, Hebrew Gematria and Jewish Gematria and Numerology
Aphasia centers are designed to enhance quality of life by creating a community of people who are all living with aphasia. Typically, they offer conversation
... is a form of aphasia in which the subject has difficulty remembering or recognizing names which the subject should know well.
Shop Yahweh (in Hebrew) Blue Lettering Infant Tee created by OnwardChristianGifts. Personalize it with photos & text or purchase as is!
Interpreting Translating Disciplines Hebrew: 2 assigned downloads, like Translator Self-Training--Hebrew: A Practical Course in Technical Translation - Morry Sofer from ebook-reader
Changed paths: M po/he.po Log Message: ----------- Translated using Weblate (Hebrew) Currently translated at 18.9% (577 of 3038 strings) [CI skip] Commit: 375602fc213d36bb745ed0fa4d5def6bf0d493b6 https://github.com/phpmyadmin/phpmyadmin/commit/375602fc213d36bb745ed0fa4d5def6bf0d493b6 Author: Weblate ,[email protected], Date: 2015-07-31 (Fri, 31 Jul 2015) Changed paths: M libraries/export.lib.php M libraries/plugins/ExportPlugin.class.php M libraries/plugins/export/ExportSql.class.php Log Message: ----------- Merge remote-tracking branch origin/QA_4_4 into QA_4_4 Compare: https://github.com/phpmyadmin/phpmyadmin/compare/8afa7fdaf3f1...375602fc213d ...
Hebrew SeniorLife provides comprehensive senior care services and senior living communities in Massachusetts. Learn about our services for seniors.
Learn more about Aphasia at Grand Strand Medical Center DefinitionCausesRisk FactorsSymptomsDiagnosisTreatmentPreventionrevision ...
I wanted to share this with you. It is about a real guy who has suffered a stroke and the resulting aphasia. If you want to, head on over to the guys website http://www.aphasiathemovie.com/. Maybe if we can get enough people interested, we could bring him to Rochester. ...
Manish Jain is the author of this article in the Journal of Visualized Experiments: הדגם הארנב של טרשת עורקים מואצת: מבט מתודולוגי הפגיעה בעורק Iliac בלון
Amane Koizumi is the author of these articles in the Journal of Visualized Experiments: פורסים הכנה אופקי של הרשתית, תרבות Organotypic של הרשתית הארנב למבוגרים
H990 - בֶּטֶן beṭen, beh-ten; from an unused root probably meaning to be hollow; the belly, especially the womb; also the bosom or body of anything:-belly, body, as they be born, within, womb.
Is everyday great? Of course not. On those days when my body and brain are not cooperating, I remind myself that I am not invincible. I try to alter my expectations and goals for that day.". ...
Daily Tehillim: Day 27, Tehilim Online, To read psalms of David in Hebrew or transliterated. A joint Tehillim read for the Refuah of your beloved ones - Tehillim Online
Synonyms for amnesic aphasia in Free Thesaurus. Antonyms for amnesic aphasia. 4 synonyms for amnesic aphasia: amnestic aphasia, anomia, anomic aphasia, nominal aphasia. What are synonyms for amnesic aphasia?
Background: Performance stability is an implicit assumption within theoretical explanations of aphasia. The assumption being that when completing language processing tasks, performance will be stable from moment to moment and day to day. Theoretically, aphasia is most commonly viewed within a modular framework. that is, language processing is carried out by specific, specialised language processing modules. Aphasia is thought to result when one of these modules is dammed leading to a unique pattern of performance results. Implicit to this view of aphasia is stability, once damaged, the module will no longer be accessed and any process using the module will be impaired. This theory of aphasia is widely held within both research and clinical communities and underlies many of our approaches to the assessment and treatment of aphasia. However more recently researchers have been expressing doubts about the validity of assuming stability in aphasia performance. Instead variability in performance is ...
Aphasia is a serious acquired communication disability, that affects approximately 30% of stroke survivors.1 It is chronic in nature: 50% of people diagnosed with aphasia have persistent communication problems 1 year after stroke.2 Aphasia compromises an individuals ability to undertake many activities of daily living, resulting in reduced mood and quality of life.3,4 In addition to the personal cost of aphasia, health-care costs for people with aphasia are the highest in stroke care.5 Therefore, the recent identification of recovery from aphasia as one of the top ten research priorities related to life after stroke is unsurprising.. ...
His Name under siege: Jer. 8:8 ... the pen of the scribes is in vain. The most subtle attack of this process is coming through the Hebrew Roots Movement. The New Age goddess, namely Gaia, is too obvious for the fundamental Christian to be deceived. If (for argument sake) the Holy Bible is only a rehash of the originals (as the hath God said school declares), and not an inspired translation from the preserved Greek Received Text (where the Authorized Bible derived from), then whoever is instigating the notion of getting back to the Hebrew roots, and can impart this notion to others, creates a ready- made audience to present the originals in his own light, therefore making himself the Higher Critic ... the Greek is a perversion of the originals... better and more reliable manuscripts say... better knowledge has come to light... according to extra biblical commentary... the Hebrew root word for this passage is... more truth is now attainable... And thus and so ... ... placing ...
The Sea to Sky Aphasia Camp Committee is made up of members from UBC, Douglas College, March of Dimes and the community. The Committee is represented by both healthcare professionals and people with aphasia to ensure that the Sea to Sky Aphasia Camp meets the needs of those living with aphasia in the community.
A blog written by someone who is inspired daily by people with aphasia, who provides treatment for people with aphasia, who conducts research with people with aphasia and their close friends and family members, and who is constantly learning ...
Aphasia Toolbox revolutionized the treatment & recovery of aphasia, Dysphasia Speech, and Stroke Aphasia recovery; helping hundreds of people recover since 1976.
There are many types of aphasia. Some individuals have difficulty speaking; whereas, others may struggle to follow a conversation. Cases may be mild, severe, or anywhere in between. Symptoms may differ greatly, but the bottom line is that all people with aphasia will have some difficulty communicating. The symptoms of aphasia may be temporary or permanent, depending upon the amount of brain damage a child experiences ...
People with aphasia can do many things that they used to do. They can pursue familiar hobbies and interests. Their likes and dislikes will be about the same. However, they may be more oriented to pictures than to words. Here are some activities that people with aphasia enjoy Participating in the daily routine. Cooking, cleaning,…
Aphasia is challenging, isolating, and frustrating. Here you can find information to help you better understand aphasia, typical treatments, and assistive technology options. You are not alone: over one million people in the U.S. have aphasia.
This is a video of a woman who suffers from aphasia, and how art is helping her recovery. I found this interesting because it is a unique approach for helping those who suffer from aphasia ...
Eventbrite - Centre of Research Excellence in Aphasia Recovery and Rehabilitation presents Aphasia CRE Seminar Series 2020 Registration - Wednesday, 29 January 2020 - Find event and ticket information.
Factors related to prognosis of acquired aphasia in children.: In a follow up study of 15 children with acquired aphasia, it was found that the persistent prese
... Therefore, since we are surrounded by so great a cloud of witnesses, let us also lay aside every weight, and sin which clings so closely, and let us run with perseverance the race that is set before us, looking to Jesus the pioneer and perfecter o... Read verse in Revised Standard Version
The first part is the creation stories. Here, God is shown to create the world in a sort of Edenic perfection. God is shown to be both creator and master of the universe. The seven day metaphor here serves two purposes. First, it shows that it took some time for the earth be created (that is, it didnt happen all at once or instantaneously); also, it establishes the basis for one of the most important concepts of Hebrew law: the sabbath. God worked for six days and rested on the seventh. Likewise, the Hebrews celebrated two sabbaths to commemorate this. The sabbatical day is what most people are familiar with; work for six days and rest on the seventh. However, Hebrew law also included a sabbatical year; the people worked for six years, and each year set aside one sixth of their produce, to get them through the seventh year, the sabbatical year, when they rested for the entire year. This sabbatical year could probably be taken as additional evidence that the seven days in Genesis are not meant ...
The aim of this review was to investigate the evidence of interdisciplinary teamwork in the rehabilitation of stroke patients with aphasia. A total of 248 studies were read and nine included. The papers were analysed and ...
See how others experience receptive aphasia. Join the community to connect with others like you and learn about their real-world experiences.
Learn more about Receptive Aphasia at Sky Ridge Medical Center DefinitionCausesRisk FactorsSymptomsDiagnosisTreatmentPreventionrevision ...
We are excited that you are interested in having your aphasia program listed on AphasiaAccess.org. Please take a moment to tell us more about your program.
Descriptions of the sessions available at ASHA Professional Developments Improving Functional Outcomes in Aphasia online conference.
This popular video is now available in six languages. Screen it at your next event and start people talking about how to communicate biodiversity.
H5983 - עַמּוֹן ʻAmmôwn, am-mone; from ; tribal, i.e. inbred; Ammon, a son of Lot; also his posterity and their country:-Ammon, Ammonites.
Found this video about a few very well-known and accomplished people who have experienced hardships in their life and overcome them... its pretty inspirational! (It made me think of you Chris, being that you probably already know all of the stories in the video already ...
Too Young or Too Old? I never had a Bat Mitzvah. This set me apart from many of my classmates - third graders enticed to suffer through years of Hebrew s
If you are interested in becoming a volunteer in the Aphasia and Neurolinguistics Research Lab, please complete an application.. ...
Looking for online definition of Ageusic Aphasia in the Medical Dictionary? Ageusic Aphasia explanation free. What is Ageusic Aphasia? Meaning of Ageusic Aphasia medical term. What does Ageusic Aphasia mean?
... : The disorder that makes you lose your words - Susan Wortman-Jutt, Fluent Aphasia (Wernickes Aphasia), Pinegrove- Aphasia (Acoustic), Expressive Aphasia - Sarah Scott - Teenage Stroke Survivor, Pinegrove - Aphasia (Official Audio)
Description of disease Aphasia, amnesic. Treatment Aphasia, amnesic. Symptoms and causes Aphasia, amnesic Prophylaxis Aphasia, amnesic
Marsh coined the word "baramin" by taking two words out of a Hebrew glossary and tacking them together with no regard for how the Hebrew language works, much as in the long scientific tradition of mangling Greek with Latin. Min is typically given the meaning "kind" in elementary glossaries. In Modern Hebrew it means both "species" and "sex". The citation form for the Hebrew verb is the "third person singular masculine perfect active", so (for those who dont speak linguist) bara means "he created" (the semitic root B-R-A in this context is reserved in Hebrew for the act of creating. "He conjured" may be a better translation). It is used in the opening words of the Hebrew Bible: Breshith bara elohim ... means "In beginning God created…". If one replaces elohim, the subject of that verb, with another noun (min), and tries to make some sort of sense out of it, it would be saying that a "kind", rather than "God" did the creating. (The subject in Ancient Hebrew typically follows the verb.) Those ...
CREATED BY THE WITS APHASIA GROUP: DAWN, JOHN, GYS, MARGIT, MAURICE, MELANIE AND TUME WHAT IS APHASIA? Aphasia is caused by a stroke in the left hemisphere and can vary in its severity according to the severity of the stroke. There are many different types of aphasia. The following areas can be affected: understanding of…
Around the 6th century BCE, the Neo-Babylonian Empire conquered the ancient Kingdom of Judah, destroying much of Jerusalem and exiling its population far to the East in Babylon. During the Babylonian captivity, many Israelites learned Aramaic, the closely related Semitic language of their captors. Thus for a significant period, the Jewish elite became influenced by Aramaic.[25]. After Cyrus the Great conquered Babylon, he allowed the Jewish people to return from captivity. As a result,[improper synthesis?] a local version of Aramaic came to be spoken in Israel alongside Hebrew. By the beginning of the Common Era, Aramaic was the primary colloquial language of Samarian, Babylonian and Galileean Jews, and western and intellectual Jews spoke Greek,[citation needed] but a form of so-called Rabbinic Hebrew continued to be used as a vernacular in Judea until it was displaced by Aramaic, probably in the 3rd century CE. Certain Sadducee, Pharisee, Scribe, Hermit, Zealot and Priest classes maintained an ...
Another one. So, throughout the trip one of the issues repeatedly given was that there had been a huge undertaking on the part of the European civilizations (Euro-Gentiles is the technical term) to cover up the essentially African nature both of Hebrew religion/people and of Jesus. I am familiar with the idea of the Hebrews being black - American rapper KRS-1 first brought this to my attention way back in my early teens, pointing out that if Moses passed for Pharoahs son then he obviously must have been black. Its a pretty self-evident point when you think about it. There has also been several books published recently (the past 20 years or so) providing further food-for-thought about the presence of Jewish traditions, language, ceremonies, etc throughout Africa. Without going in depth so far, Ive been impressed by the wealth and depth of independent research into this idea. Of course what this means is something else, and something I will endeavour to reach my own conclusions about. Ten ...
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Hebrew translation of Air Pollution. Hear it spoken by an Israeli! Written WITH Hebrew vowels (nikud). No special fonts required.
books.google.comhttps://books.google.com/books/about/Modern_Hebrew_Literature.html?id=cfgsAQAAIAAJ&utm_source=gb-gplus-shareModern Hebrew Literature ...
This Dictionary (CDCH) is an abridgment of the 8-volume Dictionary of Classical Hebrew (DCH), the first volume of which appeared in 1993. The DCH was the first dictionary of the Classical Hebrew language ever to be published. Unlike other dictionaries of the ancient Hebrew language, which cover only the texts of the Hebrew Bible, either exclusively or principally, DCH records the language of all texts written in Hebrew from the earliest times down to the end of the second century CE. That is to say, it includes not only the words used in the Hebrew Bible, but also those found in the Hebrew Book of Ben Sira (Ecclesiasticus), the Dead Sea Scrolls, and all the ancient Hebrew inscriptions. The CDCH thus contains not only the c. 8400 Hebrew words found in the standard dictionaries, but also a further 3340+ words (540 from the Dead Sea Scrolls, 680 from other ancient Hebrew literature, and 2120+ proposed words for the Hebrew Bible not previously recognized by dictionaries). All the words in the
Enabling fluent speech in non-fluent aphasia is a TedX talk about a treatment for non-fluent aphasia. This is one of the treatments that we use at SpeechWorks Inc.. An Aphasiologist Has a Stroke is another extremely interesting TedX talk.. Association International Aphasie: learn about Aphasia in many languages, including French.. National Aphasia Association (U.S.A.): information about Aphasia for people with aphasia, caregivers, and professionals. The NAA has an Aphasia Quiz, a good tool for educating people about aphasia.. Aphasia Institute (Canada): information about aphasia from a community-based centre. Aphasia Corner: aphasia simulations - helping family and friends, and people working with people with aphasia, to understand how aphasia feels; Aphasia Corner also has a community-written blog. Aphasia Recovery Connection: online support group connecting people with aphasia, caregivers, and professionals - their FaceBook page quickly addresses questions about aphasia from lots of ...
Objectives: Sentence comprehension requires linguistic information to be maintained in a verbal working memory store whilst thematic role assignment is being undertaken. A current divisive issue in psycholinguistic research centres around the precise nature of this memory resource. Two distinct models have been proposed: 1) a general memory resource exists to support the processing of both sentences and non-syntactic information, and 2) a sentence-specific working memory pool facilitates only the processing of syntax. The present study aims to provide support for the former model by investigating patients with post-stroke language disorders (aphasia), who are unable to comprehend sentences involving complex syntactic structures. Method: An integrated sentence-picture matching and memory load dual-task was presented to 55 healthy control participants, 4 aphasics and 6 non-aphasic stroke patients. Sentences differed in complexity, from simple actives to centre-embedded subject-relatives (SRs). ...
TY - GEN. T1 - Diagnosis of aphasia using neural and fuzzy techniques. AU - Jantzen, Jan. AU - Axer, H.. AU - Keyserlingk, D. Graf von. PY - 2000. Y1 - 2000. N2 - The language disability Aphasia has several sub-diagnoses such as Amnestic, Broca, Global, and Wernicke. Data concerning 265 patients is available in the form of test scores and diagnoses, made by physicians according to the Aachen Aphasia Test. A neural network model has been built, which is available for consultation on the World Wide Web. The neural network model is in this paper compared with a fuzzy model. Rather than concluding which method provides the best approximation, the paper acts as an example solution useful for other benchmark studies.. AB - The language disability Aphasia has several sub-diagnoses such as Amnestic, Broca, Global, and Wernicke. Data concerning 265 patients is available in the form of test scores and diagnoses, made by physicians according to the Aachen Aphasia Test. A neural network model has been ...

Phonological transformations in conduction aphasia. - Semantic ScholarPhonological transformations in conduction aphasia. - Semantic Scholar

It is proposed that language deviations (in oral as in written language) in conduction aphasia can be understood as a ... Characteristics of literal paraphasias in parietal-insular conduction aphasia are discussed, emphasizing that paraphasias in ... Similarities between errors in ideomotor apraxia and conduction aphasia language deficits are presented. ... conduction aphasia are articulatory-based (articulatory literal paraphasias) and due mainly to phoneme substitutions and ...
more infohttps://www.semanticscholar.org/paper/Phonological-transformations-in-conduction-aphasia-Ardila/fefbc46b1eb4ec35ea02f7ee8b7d05cd0ede6e18

Conduction aphasia - wikidocConduction aphasia - wikidoc

Conduction aphasia, also called associative aphasia, is a relatively rare form of aphasia, thought to be caused by a disruption ... Retrieved from "https://www.wikidoc.org/index.php?title=Conduction_aphasia&oldid=587125" ... Most cited articles on Conduction aphasia Review articles on Conduction aphasia Articles on Conduction aphasia in N Eng J Med, ... Discussion groups on Conduction aphasia Patient Handouts on Conduction aphasia Directions to Hospitals Treating Conduction ...
more infohttp://wikidoc.org/index.php/Conduction_aphasia

Conduction Aphasia
     Summary Report | CureHunterConduction Aphasia Summary Report | CureHunter

Like patients with Wernicke aphasia (APHASIA, WERNICKE), patients with conduction aphasia are fluent but commit paraphasic ... A type of fluent aphasia characterized by an impaired ability to repeat one and two word phrases, despite retained ... Aphasias, Associative; Aphasias, Conduction; Associative Aphasias; Associative Dysphasias; Conduction Aphasias; Conduction ... Conduction Aphasia. Subscribe to New Research on Conduction Aphasia A type of fluent aphasia characterized by an impaired ...
more infohttp://www.curehunter.com/public/keywordSummaryD018886-Conduction-Aphasia.do

Synonyms and Antonyms for conduction-aphasia | Synonym.comSynonyms and Antonyms for conduction-aphasia | Synonym.com

1. conduction aphasia (n.). aphasia in which the lesion is assumed to be in the association tracts connecting the various ... 3. aphasia (n.). inability to use or understand language (spoken or written) because of a brain lesion ...
more infohttp://www.synonym.com/synonyms/conduction-aphasia

Conduction aphasia - WikipediaConduction aphasia - Wikipedia

However, conduction aphasia is a mild aphasia, and conduction aphasics score highly on the WAB at baseline. In the late 19th ... Symptoms of conduction aphasia, as with other aphasias, can be transient, lasting only several hours or a few days. As aphasias ... Conduction aphasia, also called associative aphasia, is a relatively rare form of aphasia. An acquired language disorder, it is ... with potential to cause conduction aphasia.[citation needed] Conduction aphasia can also be seen in cases of cortical damage ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Conduction_aphasia

Conduction Aphasia Article - StatPearlsConduction Aphasia Article - StatPearls

Conduction Aphasia. Introduction. Aphasia is a term to describe a disturbance of language function that results from brain ... Conduction aphasia is less disabling that other types of aphasia. However, it still may cause issues with communication. ... Brocas and Wernickes aphasia are relatively common in middle cerebral artery strokes. Pure conduction aphasia which affects ... Conduction aphasia differs from Wernickes and Brocas aphasia in that there is an isolated inability to repeat. ...
more infohttps://statpearls.com/kb/viewarticle/19832/

Cureus | Conduction Aphasia as Initial Manifestation of Tuberculous MeningitisCureus | Conduction Aphasia as Initial Manifestation of Tuberculous Meningitis

In this case report, we present a previously healthy 24-year-old woman that presented with a sudden onset of aphasia; MTB was ... Tuberculous meningitis (TBM) has a wide range of clinical manifestations with aphasia being one of the rarest forms of initial ... Conduction aphasia being the arcuate fasciculus of the site of structural injury is a speech disorder characterized by fluent, ... Aphasia is a speech disorder secondary to a brain lesion mainly localized on the cerebral cortex. Conduction aphasia (CA) is ...
more infohttps://www.cureus.com/articles/13276-conduction-aphasia-as-initial-manifestation-of-tuberculous-meningitis

Talking Brains: On the relation between auditory-motor area Spt and conduction aphasiaTalking Brains: On the relation between auditory-motor area Spt and conduction aphasia

Our hypothesis was this: damage to Spt is the cause of conduction aphasia and therefore patients with conduction aphasia should ... So, if the data taking into account subjects w/o conduction aphasia looks like this (Spt+ = damage to Spt; Aph+ = conduction ... Of course you may want to argue that the Spt hypothesis is wrong or you may question the idea that conduction aphasia is an ... But we found that Spt was in fact lesioned in conduction aphasia, consistent with our prediction.. I think this is a good ...
more infohttp://www.talkingbrains.org/2011/01/on-relation-between-auditory-motor-area.html

conduction aphasia [Operative Neurosurgery]conduction aphasia [Operative Neurosurgery]

... also called associative aphasia, is a relatively rare form of aphasia. An acquired language disorder, it is characterized by ... conduction_aphasia. Conduction aphasia, also called associative aphasia, is a relatively rare form of aphasia. An acquired ... Recent research has challenged this notion on the basis that patients with conduction aphasia more often have lesions in the ... Typical lesion location for conduction aphasia is on the supramarginal gyrus of the parietal lobe, posterior to the primary ...
more infohttps://operativeneurosurgery.com/doku.php?id=conduction_aphasia

Journal of Neurolinguistics - Research database - University of GroningenJournal of Neurolinguistics - Research database - University of Groningen

Sonority substitutions in Brocas and conduction aphasia. Bastiaanse, R., Gilbers, D. & van der Linde, K., Oct-1994, In : ... Quantifying connected discourse in Spanish-speaking individuals with aphasia: The case of mixed aphasias. Martinez-Ferreiro, S ...
more infohttps://www.rug.nl/research/portal/journals/journal-of-neurolinguistics

Rx 3.20 Flashcards by Caitlin Heim | BrainscapeRx 3.20 Flashcards by Caitlin Heim | Brainscape

Conduction aphasia lesion of arcuate fasciculus (white matter tract connects brocas and wernickes) ==> defect in repetition ...
more infohttps://www.brainscape.com/flashcards/rx_320-3547451/packs/4675721

Neuro and optho from Step Up Flashcards by Amanda  Beach | BrainscapeNeuro and optho from Step Up Flashcards by Amanda Beach | Brainscape

impaired bone and air conduction. asymmetric weber, normal rhinne. from neural pathway deficit ... what is conduction aphasia fluent speech, word substitutions, attempts to correct words, word finding pauses ...
more infohttps://www.brainscape.com/flashcards/neuro-and-optho-from-step-up-5208370/packs/7678318

Aphasia - WikipediaAphasia - Wikipedia

... and the fluent aphasias (which encompasses Wernickes aphasia, conduction aphasia and transcortical sensory aphasia). These ... www.aphasia.org/aphasia-resources/aphasia-statistics/ *^ "Aphasia Fact sheet - National Aphasia Association". National Aphasia ... People with conduction aphasia are typically aware of their errors.[32] Two forms of conduction aphasia have been described: ... Transcortical aphasias include transcortical motor aphasia, transcortical sensory aphasia, and mixed transcortical aphasia. ...
more infohttps://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dysphasia

Adult Language Disorders and Cognitive- Based Dys... (Example) - MindMeisterAdult Language Disorders and Cognitive- Based Dys... (Example) - MindMeister

What Are The Defining Characteristics Of Aphasia Syndromes, How Is Aphasia Identified And Treated, What are the Right- ... Conduction Aphasia- results from injury to the temporal-parietal region of the brain. 3.5.1. Fluecy and motor output- fluent ... 1.1.3. 1. aphasia is a disturbance in the language system after language has been established or learned 2. aphasia results ... Anomic Aphasia- fluent and expressive with relatively few deficits in language expression and comprehension. 4. How Is Aphasia ...
more infohttps://www.mindmeister.com/211177437/adult-language-disorders-and-cognitive-based-dysfunction

Frontiers | Dissociated repetition deficits in aphasia can reflect flexible interactions between left dorsal and ventral...Frontiers | Dissociated repetition deficits in aphasia can reflect flexible interactions between left dorsal and ventral...

... in a female patient with transcortical motor aphasia (TCMA) and in a male patient with conduction aphasia (CA) who had small ... and in a male patient with conduction aphasia (CA) who had small contiguous but non-overlapping left perisylvian infarctions. ... in a female patient with transcortical motor aphasia (TCMA) ... "Diagnosis of conduction aphasia," in Conduction Aphasia, ed S. ... Henderson, V. W. (1992). "Early concepts of conduction aphasia," in Conduction Aphasia, ed S. E. Kohn (Hove: Lawrence Erlbaum ...
more infohttps://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fnhum.2013.00873/full

Frontiers | Decoding spectrotemporal features of overt and covert speech from the human cortex | Frontiers in NeuroengineeringFrontiers | Decoding spectrotemporal features of overt and covert speech from the human cortex | Frontiers in Neuroengineering

Feinberg, T. E., Gonzalez Rothi, L. J., and Heilman, K. M. (1986). "Inner speech" in conduction aphasia. Arch. Neurol. 43, 591- ... Geva, C., Correia, M., and Warburton, E. A. (2011a). Diffusion tensor imaging in the study of language and aphasia. Aphasiology ... implications for post-stroke aphasia and normal language processing. Aphasiology 25, 323-243. doi: 10.1080/02687038.2010.511236 ...
more infohttps://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fneng.2014.00014/full

Higher Cortical Functions: Language (Section 4, Chapter 8) Neuroscience Online: An Electronic Textbook for the Neurosciences |...Higher Cortical Functions: Language (Section 4, Chapter 8) Neuroscience Online: An Electronic Textbook for the Neurosciences |...

... as in Broca aphasia), posterior language region (as in Wernicke aphasia) and superior temporal gyrus (as in conduction aphasia ... B. Conduction aphasia This answer is INCORRECT.. While conduction aphasics have slight difficulties with word selection or ... From the Wernicke model, Wernicke correctly predicted a third type of aphasia-conduction aphasia. Comprehension and speech ... 8.11 Transcortical Aphasia. Transcortical aphasia can manifest itself as transcortical motor aphasia and transcortical sensory ...
more infohttps://nba.uth.tmc.edu/neuroscience/s4/chapter08.html

Similarity and contrast in segmental phonology *. - Free Online LibrarySimilarity and contrast in segmental phonology *. - Free Online Library

and Smith, Katherine (1990). Between-word speech errors in conduction aphasia. Cognitive Neuropsychology 7, 133-156. Lakoff, ... No claims can be made about long-distance reversals as these hardly ever occur in aphasia (Kohn and Smith 1990). 2.2.2.6. ... As far as I have been able to determine, detailed information on the interaction of adjacent phonemes in aphasia is at a ... Hatfield, F. M.; and Walton, K. (1975). Phonological patterns in a case of aphasia. Language and Speech 18, 341-357. Hawkins, ...
more infohttps://www.thefreelibrary.com/Similarity+and+contrast+in+segmental+phonology+

Wiley Online Library: Search Results PageWiley Online Library: Search Results Page

What can iconic gestures tell us about the language system? A case of conduction aphasia. International Journal of Language & ... Negotiation of identity in group therapy for aphasia: the Aphasia Café. International Journal of Language & Communication ... Aphasia. The Handbook of Language and Speech Disorders. Jack S. Damico, Nicole Müller, Martin J. Ball, Pages: 317-336, 2010 ... Post-stroke aphasia prognosis: a review of patient-related and stroke-related factors. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical ...
more infohttp://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/advanced/search/results?articleDoi=10.1002/9780470715321.ch8&scope=allContent&start=1&resultsPerPage=20

Neuroscience for Kids - LanguageNeuroscience for Kids - Language

Damage to the arcuate fasciculus causes a disorder called conduction aphasia. People with conduction aphasia can understand ... More about Aphasia:. *National Aphasia Association *National Institute on Deafness and other Communication Disorders More about ... Wernickes aphasia). *loss of the ability to understand language *person can speak clearly, but the words that are put together ... Brocas aphasia). *prevents a person from producing speech *person can understand language *words are not properly formed * ...
more infohttp://faculty.washington.edu/chudler/lang.html

Plus itPlus it

Damasio H, Damasio A (1980) The anatomical basis of conduction aphasia. Brain 103: 337-350. ... Nadeau SE, Crosson B (1997) Subcortical aphasia. Brain Lang 58: 335-402. ... including aphasia (Damasio and Damasio, 1980), dyslexia (Paulesu et al., 1996), affective and nonaffective prosody (Borod, 2000 ...
more infohttp://www.jneurosci.org/content/24/41/9153

Linguistics 001: Homework 1 -- 2011Linguistics 001: Homework 1 -- 2011

Speech Timing in Apraxia of Speech Versus Conduction Aphasia. 19. Comparative correlatives and parameters. 20. Information ...
more infohttps://www.ling.upenn.edu/courses/Fall_2011/ling001/homework1.html

Word-Retrieval Treatment for Aphasia: Semantic Feature Analysis - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.govWord-Retrieval Treatment for Aphasia: Semantic Feature Analysis - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov

Diagnosis of Wernickes, Brocas, or Conduction aphasia with significant word-retrieval deficits ... Word-Retrieval Treatment for Aphasia: Semantic Feature Analysis. The safety and scientific validity of this study is the ... Aphasia. Speech Disorders. Language Disorders. Pathologic Processes. Communication Disorders. Neurobehavioral Manifestations. ... Aphasia. Language therapy. Rehabilitation of speech and language disorders. Speech-language pathology. ...
more infohttps://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT00125242?cond=%22Speech+Disorders%22&rank=6

Progressive nonfluent aphasia | definition of Progressive nonfluent aphasia by Medical dictionaryProgressive nonfluent aphasia | definition of Progressive nonfluent aphasia by Medical dictionary

Progressive nonfluent aphasia explanation free. What is Progressive nonfluent aphasia? Meaning of Progressive nonfluent aphasia ... Looking for online definition of Progressive nonfluent aphasia in the Medical Dictionary? ... Brocas aphasia motor aphasia.. conduction aphasia aphasia due to a lesion of the pathway between the sensory and motor speech ... Conduction aphasia, also called associative aphasia, is rather uncommon. Individuals with conduction aphasia are unable to ...
more infohttps://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/Progressive+nonfluent+aphasia
  • Struggle in non-fluent aphasias: A severe increase in expelled effort to speak after a life where talking and communicating was an ability that came so easily can cause visible frustration. (wikipedia.org)
  • The effects of noninvasive neurostimulation on brain structure and function in chronic poststroke aphasia are poorly understood. (hindawi.com)
  • Often those with aphasia will try to hide their inability to name objects by using words like thing . (wikipedia.org)
  • Tuberculous meningitis (TBM) has a wide range of clinical manifestations with aphasia being one of the rarest forms of initial presentation. (cureus.com)