Aphasia: A cognitive disorder marked by an impaired ability to comprehend or express language in its written or spoken form. This condition is caused by diseases which affect the language areas of the dominant hemisphere. Clinical features are used to classify the various subtypes of this condition. General categories include receptive, expressive, and mixed forms of aphasia.Diagonal Band of Broca: Cholinergic bundle of nerve fibers posterior to the anterior perforated substance. It interconnects the paraterminal gyrus in the septal area with the hippocampus and lateral olfactory area.Aphasia, Broca: An aphasia characterized by impairment of expressive LANGUAGE (speech, writing, signs) and relative preservation of receptive language abilities (i.e., comprehension). This condition is caused by lesions of the motor association cortex in the FRONTAL LOBE (BROCA AREA and adjacent cortical and white matter regions).Aphasia, Primary Progressive: A progressive form of dementia characterized by the global loss of language abilities and initial preservation of other cognitive functions. Fluent and nonfluent subtypes have been described. Eventually a pattern of global cognitive dysfunction, similar to ALZHEIMER DISEASE, emerges. Pathologically, there are no Alzheimer or PICK DISEASE like changes, however, spongiform changes of cortical layers II and III are present in the TEMPORAL LOBE and FRONTAL LOBE. (From Brain 1998 Jan;121(Pt 1):115-26)Anomia: A language dysfunction characterized by the inability to name people and objects that are correctly perceived. The individual is able to describe the object in question, but cannot provide the name. This condition is associated with lesions of the dominant hemisphere involving the language areas, in particular the TEMPORAL LOBE. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p484)Aphasia, Conduction: A type of fluent aphasia characterized by an impaired ability to repeat one and two word phrases, despite retained comprehension. This condition is associated with dominant hemisphere lesions involving the arcuate fasciculus (a white matter projection between Broca's and Wernicke's areas) and adjacent structures. Like patients with Wernicke aphasia (APHASIA, WERNICKE), patients with conduction aphasia are fluent but commit paraphasic errors during attempts at written and oral forms of communication. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p482; Brain & Bannister, Clinical Neurology, 7th ed, p142; Kandel et al., Principles of Neural Science, 3d ed, p848)Septum of Brain: GRAY MATTER structures of the telencephalon and LIMBIC SYSTEM in the brain, but containing widely varying definitions among authors. Included here is the cortical septal area, subcortical SEPTAL NUCLEI, and the SEPTUM PELLUCIDUM.Primary Progressive Nonfluent Aphasia: A form of frontotemporal lobar degeneration and a progressive form of dementia characterized by motor speech impairment and AGRAMMATISM, with relative sparing of single word comprehension and semantic memory.Septum Pellucidum: A triangular double membrane separating the anterior horns of the LATERAL VENTRICLES of the brain. It is situated in the median plane and bounded by the CORPUS CALLOSUM and the body and columns of the FORNIX (BRAIN).Language Tests: Tests designed to assess language behavior and abilities. They include tests of vocabulary, comprehension, grammar and functional use of language, e.g., Development Sentence Scoring, Receptive-Expressive Emergent Language Scale, Parsons Language Sample, Utah Test of Language Development, Michigan Language Inventory and Verbal Language Development Scale, Illinois Test of Psycholinguistic Abilities, Northwestern Syntax Screening Test, Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test, Ammons Full-Range Picture Vocabulary Test, and Assessment of Children's Language Comprehension.Speech Therapy: Treatment for individuals with speech defects and disorders that involves counseling and use of various exercises and aids to help the development of new speech habits.Language Therapy: Rehabilitation of persons with language disorders or training of children with language development disorders.Language: A verbal or nonverbal means of communicating ideas or feelings.Frontal Lobe: The part of the cerebral hemisphere anterior to the central sulcus, and anterior and superior to the lateral sulcus.Agraphia: Loss or impairment of the ability to write (letters, syllables, words, or phrases) due to an injury to a specific cerebral area or occasionally due to emotional factors. This condition rarely occurs in isolation, and often accompanies APHASIA. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p485; APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 1994)Cholinergic Fibers: Nerve fibers liberating acetylcholine at the synapse after an impulse.Dominance, Cerebral: Dominance of one cerebral hemisphere over the other in cerebral functions.Apraxias: A group of cognitive disorders characterized by the inability to perform previously learned skills that cannot be attributed to deficits of motor or sensory function. The two major subtypes of this condition are ideomotor (see APRAXIA, IDEOMOTOR) and ideational apraxia, which refers to loss of the ability to mentally formulate the processes involved with performing an action. For example, dressing apraxia may result from an inability to mentally formulate the act of placing clothes on the body. Apraxias are generally associated with lesions of the dominant PARIETAL LOBE and supramarginal gyrus. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp56-7)Septal Nuclei: Neural nuclei situated in the septal region. They have afferent and cholinergic efferent connections with a variety of FOREBRAIN and BRAIN STEM areas including the HIPPOCAMPAL FORMATION, the LATERAL HYPOTHALAMUS, the tegmentum, and the AMYGDALA. Included are the dorsal, lateral, medial, and triangular septal nuclei, septofimbrial nucleus, nucleus of diagonal band, nucleus of anterior commissure, and the nucleus of stria terminalis.Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.Semantics: The relationships between symbols and their meanings.Brain Mapping: Imaging techniques used to colocalize sites of brain functions or physiological activity with brain structures.Prosencephalon: The anterior of the three primitive cerebral vesicles of the embryonic brain arising from the NEURAL TUBE. It subdivides to form DIENCEPHALON and TELENCEPHALON. (Stedmans Medical Dictionary, 27th ed)Speech: Communication through a system of conventional vocal symbols.Language Disorders: Conditions characterized by deficiencies of comprehension or expression of written and spoken forms of language. These include acquired and developmental disorders.Neuropsychological Tests: Tests designed to assess neurological function associated with certain behaviors. They are used in diagnosing brain dysfunction or damage and central nervous system disorders or injury.Brain: The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.Dyslexia, Acquired: A receptive visual aphasia characterized by the loss of a previously possessed ability to comprehend the meaning or significance of handwritten words, despite intact vision. This condition may be associated with posterior cerebral artery infarction (INFARCTION, POSTERIOR CEREBRAL ARTERY) and other BRAIN DISEASES.Preoptic Area: Region of hypothalamus between the ANTERIOR COMMISSURE and OPTIC CHIASM.Speech Production Measurement: Measurement of parameters of the speech product such as vocal tone, loudness, pitch, voice quality, articulation, resonance, phonation, phonetic structure and prosody.Linguistics: The science of language, including phonetics, phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics, pragmatics, and historical linguistics. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Theta Rhythm: Brain waves characterized by a frequency of 4-7 Hz, usually observed in the temporal lobes when the individual is awake, but relaxed and sleepy.Stroke: A group of pathological conditions characterized by sudden, non-convulsive loss of neurological function due to BRAIN ISCHEMIA or INTRACRANIAL HEMORRHAGES. Stroke is classified by the type of tissue NECROSIS, such as the anatomic location, vasculature involved, etiology, age of the affected individual, and hemorrhagic vs. non-hemorrhagic nature. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp777-810)Apraxia, Ideomotor: A form of apraxia characterized by an acquired inability to carry out a complex motor activity despite the ability to mentally formulate the action. This condition has been attributed to a disruption of connections between the dominant parietal cortex and supplementary and premotor cortical regions in both hemispheres. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p57)Names: Personal names, given or surname, as cultural characteristics, as ethnological or religious patterns, as indications of the geographic distribution of families and inbreeding, etc. Analysis of isonymy, the quality of having the same or similar names, is useful in the study of population genetics. NAMES is used also for the history of names or name changes of corporate bodies, such as medical societies, universities, hospitals, government agencies, etc.Verbal Behavior: Includes both producing and responding to words, either written or spoken.Speech Disorders: Acquired or developmental conditions marked by an impaired ability to comprehend or generate spoken forms of language.Speech-Language Pathology: The study of speech or language disorders and their diagnosis and correction.Comprehension: The act or fact of grasping the meaning, nature, or importance of; understanding. (American Heritage Dictionary, 4th ed) Includes understanding by a patient or research subject of information disclosed orally or in writing.Frontotemporal Lobar Degeneration: Heterogeneous group of neurodegenerative disorders characterized by frontal and temporal lobe atrophy associated with neuronal loss, gliosis, and dementia. Patients exhibit progressive changes in social, behavioral, and/or language function. Multiple subtypes or forms are recognized based on presence or absence of TAU PROTEIN inclusions. FTLD includes three clinical syndromes: FRONTOTEMPORAL DEMENTIA, semantic dementia, and PRIMARY PROGRESSIVE NONFLUENT APHASIA.Atrophy: Decrease in the size of a cell, tissue, organ, or multiple organs, associated with a variety of pathological conditions such as abnormal cellular changes, ischemia, malnutrition, or hormonal changes.Neurons: The basic cellular units of nervous tissue. Each neuron consists of a body, an axon, and dendrites. Their purpose is to receive, conduct, and transmit impulses in the NERVOUS SYSTEM.Frontotemporal Dementia: The most common clinical form of FRONTOTEMPORAL LOBAR DEGENERATION, this dementia presents with personality and behavioral changes often associated with disinhibition, apathy, and lack of insight.Temporal Lobe: Lower lateral part of the cerebral hemisphere responsible for auditory, olfactory, and semantic processing. It is located inferior to the lateral fissure and anterior to the OCCIPITAL LOBE.Psycholinguistics: A discipline concerned with relations between messages and the characteristics of individuals who select and interpret them; it deals directly with the processes of encoding (phonetics) and decoding (psychoacoustics) as they relate states of messages to states of communicators.Dysarthria: Disorders of speech articulation caused by imperfect coordination of pharynx, larynx, tongue, or face muscles. This may result from CRANIAL NERVE DISEASES; NEUROMUSCULAR DISEASES; CEREBELLAR DISEASES; BASAL GANGLIA DISEASES; BRAIN STEM diseases; or diseases of the corticobulbar tracts (see PYRAMIDAL TRACTS). The cortical language centers are intact in this condition. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p489)Functional Laterality: Behavioral manifestations of cerebral dominance in which there is preferential use and superior functioning of either the left or the right side, as in the preferred use of the right hand or right foot.Hippocampus: A curved elevation of GRAY MATTER extending the entire length of the floor of the TEMPORAL HORN of the LATERAL VENTRICLE (see also TEMPORAL LOBE). The hippocampus proper, subiculum, and DENTATE GYRUS constitute the hippocampal formation. Sometimes authors include the ENTORHINAL CORTEX in the hippocampal formation.Communication Aids for Disabled: Equipment that provides mentally or physically disabled persons with a means of communication. The aids include display boards, typewriters, cathode ray tubes, computers, and speech synthesizers. The output of such aids includes written words, artificial speech, language signs, Morse code, and pictures.Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone: A decapeptide that stimulates the synthesis and secretion of both pituitary gonadotropins, LUTEINIZING HORMONE and FOLLICLE STIMULATING HORMONE. GnRH is produced by neurons in the septum PREOPTIC AREA of the HYPOTHALAMUS and released into the pituitary portal blood, leading to stimulation of GONADOTROPHS in the ANTERIOR PITUITARY GLAND.Thalamic Diseases: Disorders of the centrally located thalamus, which integrates a wide range of cortical and subcortical information. Manifestations include sensory loss, MOVEMENT DISORDERS; ATAXIA, pain syndromes, visual disorders, a variety of neuropsychological conditions, and COMA. Relatively common etiologies include CEREBROVASCULAR DISORDERS; CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA; BRAIN NEOPLASMS; BRAIN HYPOXIA; INTRACRANIAL HEMORRHAGES; and infectious processes.Reproducibility of Results: The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.Agnosia: Loss of the ability to comprehend the meaning or recognize the importance of various forms of stimulation that cannot be attributed to impairment of a primary sensory modality. Tactile agnosia is characterized by an inability to perceive the shape and nature of an object by touch alone, despite unimpaired sensation to light touch, position, and other primary sensory modalities.

Electrophysiological manifestations of open- and closed-class words in patients with Broca's aphasia with agrammatic comprehension. An event-related brain potential study. (1/111)

This paper presents electrophysiological data on the on-line processing of open- and closed-class words in patients with Broca's aphasia with agrammatic comprehension. Event-related brain potentials were recorded from the scalp when Broca patients and non-aphasic control subjects were visually presented with a story in which the words appeared one at a time on the screen. Separate waveforms were computed for open- and closed-class words. The non-aphasic control subjects showed clear differences between the processing of open- and closed-class words in an early (210-375 ms) and a late (400-700 ms) time-window. The early electrophysiological differences reflect the first manifestation of the availability of word-category information from the mental lexicon. The late differences presumably relate to post-lexical semantic and syntactic processing. In contrast to the control subjects, the Broca patients showed no early vocabulary class effect and only a limited late effect. The results suggest that an important factor in the agrammatic comprehension deficit of Broca's aphasics is a delayed and/or incomplete availability of word-class information.  (+info)

Cross-modal generalization effects of training noncanonical sentence comprehension and production in agrammatic aphasia. (2/111)

The cross-modal generalization effects of training complex sentence comprehension and complex sentence production were examined in 4 individuals with agrammatic Broca's aphasia who showed difficulty comprehending and producing complex, noncanonical sentences. Object-cleft and passive sentences were selected for treatment because the two are linguistically distinct, relying on wh-and NP movement, respectively (Chomsky, 1986). Two participants received comprehension training, and 2 received production training using linguistic specific treatment (LST). LST takes participants through a series of steps that emphasize the verb and verb argument structure, as well as the linguistic movement required to derive target sentences. A single-subject multiple-baseline design across behaviors was used to measure acquisition and generalization within and across sentence types, as well as cross-modal generalization (i.e., from comprehension to production and vice versa) and generalization to discourse. Results indicated that both treatment methods were effective for training comprehension and production of target sentences and that comprehension treatment resulted in generalization to spoken and written sentence production. Sentence production treatment generalized to written sentence production only; generalization to comprehension did not occur. Across sentence types generalization also did not occur, as predicted, and the effects of treatment on discourse were inconsistent across participants. These data are discussed with regard to models of normal sentence comprehension and production.  (+info)

Vascular aphasias: main characteristics of patients hospitalized in acute stroke units. (3/111)

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Aphasia is frequent in stroke patients and is associated with poor prognosis. However, characteristics and determinants of vascular aphasias remain controversial. The aim of this study was to evaluate aphasia characteristics at the acute stage in patients admitted to a stroke unit. METHODS: The study was performed in 308 patients consecutively assessed with a standardized aphasia battery. RESULTS: Aphasia was observed in 207 patients; global and nonclassified aphasias accounted for 50% of aphasic syndromes at the acute stage, whereas classic aphasias (Wernicke's, Broca's, transcortical, and subcortical aphasias) were less frequent. Age differed across aphasic syndromes in ischemic stroke patients only; patients with conduction aphasia were younger, and patients with subcortical aphasia were older. Sex did not significantly differ across aphasic syndromes. The presence of a previous stroke was more frequent in nonclassified aphasia. CONCLUSIONS: This study shows (1) that vascular aphasias are frequently severe or nonclassic at the acute stage, a finding explained in part by the presence of a previous stroke; (2) that the age effect is due mainly to its influence on infarct location; and (3) that the main determinant of aphasia characteristics is lesion location.  (+info)

West Nile virus meningoencephalitis complicated by motor aphasia in Hodgkin's lymphoma. (4/111)

A 4 year old boy with Hodgkin's lymphoma was admitted to the paediatric ward with meningoencephalitis dominated by generalised seizures and motor aphasia. Serum IgM specific antibodies to West Nile virus were positive. In view of ongoing neurological deterioration and immunocompromised state he was treated with oral ribavirin for 14 days. A gradual improvement was noted within two weeks of therapy initiation, and with intensive supportive care he recovered completely after four months.  (+info)

Postictal mixed transcortical aphasia. (5/111)

Postictal aphasia has been described in left temporal lobe seizures. It may be of fluent, non-fluent or global type. We present here a patient who displayed signs of mixed transcortical aphasia (MTCA). The patient was a 67 year old man who underwent excision of a left frontal parasagittal meningioma in 1987. Since then he has been treated with phenytoin for generalized tonic-clonic seizures (GTCS). He was admitted in status epilepticus. On awakening, the patient was non-fluent with palilalia and echolalia. His repetition was relatively preserved but all the other language functions were impaired. This picture faded away within a few hours. Brain CT, performed during this postictal state, was normal except for signs related to frontal craniotomy. SPECT, which was performed after language functions returned to normal, displayed left frontal, cingular and insular hypoperfusion. The postictal language dysfunction of the patient corresponded to MTCA. Although our case has frontal, he had no other structural lesion that could explain either diffuse ischemia of the left hemisphere or watershed areas secondary to the generalized seizures. The uniqueness of this case is the combination of postictal MTCA with good prognosis.  (+info)

Speech production: Wernicke, Broca and beyond. (6/111)

We investigated the brain systems engaged during propositional speech (PrSp) and two forms of non- propositional speech (NPrSp): counting and reciting overlearned nursery rhymes. Bilateral cerebral and cerebellar regions were involved in the motor act of articulation, irrespective of the type of speech. Three additional, left-lateralized regions, adjacent to the Sylvian sulcus, were activated in common: the most posterior part of the supratemporal plane, the lateral part of the pars opercularis in the posterior inferior frontal gyrus and the anterior insula. Therefore, both NPrSp and PrSp were dependent on the same discrete subregions of the anatomically ill-defined areas of Wernicke and Broca. PrSp was also dependent on a predominantly left-lateralized neural system distributed between multi-modal and amodal regions in posterior inferior parietal, anterolateral and medial temporal and medial prefrontal cortex. The lateral prefrontal and paracingulate cortical activity observed in previous studies of cued word retrieval was not seen with either NPrSp or PrSp, demonstrating that normal brain- language representations cannot be inferred from explicit metalinguistic tasks. The evidence from this study indicates that normal communicative speech is dependent on a number of left hemisphere regions remote from the classic language areas of Wernicke and Broca. Destruction or disconnection of discrete left extrasylvian and perisylvian cortical regions, rather than the total extent of damage to perisylvian cortex, will account for the qualitative and quantitative differences in the impaired speech production observed in aphasic stroke patients.  (+info)

Selective priming of syntactic processing by event-related transcranial magnetic stimulation of Broca's area. (7/111)

It remains controversial whether Broca's aphasia is an articulatory deficit, a lexical-access problem, or agrammatism. In spite of recent neuroimaging studies, the causal link between cortical activity and linguistic subcomponents has not been elucidated. Here we report an experiment with event-related transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) to clarify the role of Broca's area, more specifically, the left inferior frontal gyrus (F3op/F3t), in syntactic processing. An experimental paradigm contrasted sentences requiring syntactic decisions with those requiring semantic decisions. We found selective priming effects on syntactic decisions when TMS was administered to the left F3op/F3t at a specific timing, but not to the left middle frontal gyrus (F2). Our results provide direct evidence of the involvement of the left F3op/F3t in syntactic processing.  (+info)

Word retrieval learning modulates right frontal cortex in patients with left frontal damage. (8/111)

Previous studies have suggested that recovery or compensation of language function after a lesion in the left hemisphere may depend on mechanisms in the right hemisphere. However, a direct relationship between performance and right hemisphere activity has not been established. Here, we show that patients with left frontal lesions and partially recovered aphasia learn, at a normal rate, a novel word retrieval task that requires the damaged cortex. Verbal learning is accompanied by specific response decrements in right frontal and right occipital cortex, strongly supporting the compensatory role of the right hemisphere. Furthermore, responses in left occipital cortex are abnormal and not modulated by practice. These findings indicate that frontal cortex is a source of top-down signals during learning.  (+info)

*Foix-Chavany-Marie syndrome

Pseudobulbar Palsy Operculum Corticobulbar Tracts Wernicke's Aphasia Broca's Aphasia Bakar, M; Kirshner, HS; Niaz, F (1998). " ... People with Broca's aphasia may not exhibit a complete loss of voluntary movement facial muscles, pharyngeal muscles, laryngeal ... In determining a diagnosis between Broca's aphasia and FCMS, a person must demonstrate their ability in voluntary movement of ... FCMS shares similar characteristics with the following disorders: catatonia, akinetic mutism, orbuccal apraxia, Broca's aphasia ...

*Broca's area

Lesions to Broca's area alone don't result in a Broca's aphasia, nor do Broca's aphasic patients necessarily have lesions in ... and the deficit in language production as Broca's aphasia, also called expressive aphasia. Broca's area is now typically ... Patients with expressive aphasia, also known as Broca's aphasia, are individuals who know "what they want to say, they just ... Broca's region Lobes of the brain Progressive nonfluent aphasia Wernicke's area "Paul Broca's discovery of the area of the ...

*Jean Berko Gleason

... had been left with Broca's aphasia/agrammatism, a specific form of aphasia typically impairing the production of morphology and ... "The retrieval of syntax in Broca's aphasia". Brain and Language. 2: 451-471. doi:10.1016/S0093-934X(75)80083-6. ISSN 0093-934X ... Gleason has also done significant research on aphasia, a condition (usually due to brain injury) in which a person's ability to ... "Grammatical deficits in aphasia". Handbook of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology. Psychology Press. Curriculum vitae ...

*Inferior frontal gyrus

... persons with damage in this region often have a type of non-fluent aphasia known as Broca's aphasia. Broca's area is located on ... Persons with Broca's aphasia do not have deficits in language comprehension; however, they speak mostly in short utterances of ... Characteristics of Broca's aphasia include agrammatic speech, relatively good language comprehension, poor repetition, and ... Brodmann area 44 corresponds to Broca's area (sometimes Broca's area is taken to encompass Brodmann's areas 44 and 45) - for ...

*Brain damage

The affected areas are known today as Broca's area and Broca's Aphasia. A few years later, a German neuroscientist, Carl ... "Wernicke's Aphasia - National Aphasia Association". National Aphasia Association. Retrieved 2016-12-09. Kean, Mary Louise. " ... "Aphasia Definitions - National Aphasia Association". National Aphasia Association. Retrieved 2016-11-12. "Definition of AMNESIA ... Broca's aphasia is indicative of damage to the posterior inferior frontal gyrus of the brain. An impairment following damage to ...

*Ernst Pöppel

Szelag E, von Steinbüchel N, Pöppel E, Temporal processing disorders in patients with Broca's aphasia. Neuroscience Letters, ...

*Transcortical sensory aphasia

Anomic aphasia Conduction aphasia Global aphasia Primary progressive aphasias Transcortical motor aphasia Broca's area ... receptive aphasia. However, transcortical sensory aphasia differs from receptive aphasia in that patients still have intact ... Transcortical sensory aphasia (TSA) is a kind of aphasia that involves damage to specific areas of the temporal lobe of the ... TSA is a fluent aphasia similar to Wernicke's aphasia, with the exception of a strong ability to repeat words and phrases. The ...

*Dopamine hypothesis of schizophrenia

Schlaug G Marchina S Norton A (2009). "Evidence for plasticity in white-matter tracts of patients with chronic Broca's aphasia ... A relative excess of these receptors within the limbic system means Broca's area, which can produce illogical language, has an ... As such, spontaneous language from Broca's can propagate through the limbic system to the tertiary auditory cortex. This ... specifically around Broca's and Wernicke's areas, abnormal D2 agonism can facilitate the self-reinforcing, illogical patterns ...

*David Swinney

Prior studies indicate that, generally, Broca's aphasia patients demonstrate a slower-than-normal time course of lexical ... Swinney and Garret built upon existing research on language processing errors in Broca's and Wernicke's aphasia patients. ... On the other hand, the gap filling process in Broca's patients was significantly impaired. Results showed that priming was not ... "Lexical Processing and Sentence Comprehension in Aphasia" Edgar Zurif, David Swinney and Merrill Garrett (1990) In this ...

*Amusia

They can also both arise from lesions to the brain, as can Broca's aphasia come about simultaneously with amusia from injury. ... Most cases of those with amusia do not show any symptoms of aphasia. However, a number of cases have shown that those who have ... It has been shown that Broca's area is involved in the processing of musical syntax. Furthermore, brain damage can disrupt an ... Amusia is also similar to aphasia in that they affect similar areas of the brain near the temporal lobe. ...

*Fast mapping

In Broca's aphasia, Blumstein found that whereas individuals with Wernicke's aphasia performed at the same level as the normal ... Although individuals with Broca's aphasia are limited in their speech production, it is not clear whether they simply cannot ... On the other hand, those with Broca's aphasia lack the ability to produce speech, in effect hindering their ability to recall ... Research done by Blumstein makes an important distinction between those with Broca's aphasia, who are limited in physical ...

*Aphasiology

... expressive aphasia (Broca's aphasia) and receptive aphasia (Wernicke's or sensory aphasia). Acute aphasias are often the result ... global aphasia may progress into expressive aphasia or receptive aphasia. A person with anomic aphasia have word-finding ... Interestingly, lesions exclusively to Broca's area (the foot of the inferior frontal gyrus) do not produce Broca's aphasia, but ... Not much is known about what other areas must be damaged in order to produce Broca's aphasia, but some maintain damage to the ...

*Telegraphic speech

... is also common in non-fluent aphasia (Broca's aphasia), which is caused by a stroke damaging the posterior- ...

*Speech perception

Expressive Aphasia (also known as Broca's Aphasia) and receptive aphasia (also known as Wernicke's Aphasia). There are three ... expressive aphasia and receptive aphasia, affect speech perception to some extent. Expressive aphasia causes moderate ... Expressive aphasia: Patients who suffer from this condition typically have lesions on their left inferior frontal cortex. These ... Receptive aphasia: The patients suffer from lesions or damage located in the left temproparietal lobe. Receptive Aphasic ...

*Primary progressive aphasia

Early PNFA can include such features as speech apraxia, effortful speech, and anomia, and thus can resemble Broca's aphasia. ... "Primary Progressive Aphasia - National Aphasia Association". National Aphasia Association. Retrieved 2017-12-17. Mesulam M ( ... A third variant of primary progressive aphasia, logopenic progressive aphasia (LPA), is an atypical form of Alzheimer's disease ... Primary progressive aphasia (PPA) is a type of neurological syndrome in which language capabilities slowly and progressively ...

*Receptive aphasia

How to Differentiate from Other Types of Aphasia. Expressive Aphasia (non-fluent Broca's Aphasia): individuals have great ... Wernicke's aphasia, also known as receptive aphasia, sensory aphasia, or posterior aphasia, is a type of aphasia in which ... Aphasia Expressive aphasia Conduction aphasia Logorrhea Agraphia Paragrammatism Transcortical sensory aphasia Wernicke- ... Davis, G.A. "Aphasia Therapy Guide". National Aphasia Association. Keefe, K.A. (1995). "Applying basic neuroscience to aphasia ...

*Language processing in the brain

Expressive aphasia (Broca's Aphasia): Usually characterized as a non-fluent aphasia, this language disorder is present when ... Receptive aphasia (Wernicke's Aphasia): Individuals with receptive aphasia are able to produce speech without a problem. ... Broca's area is involved mostly in the production of speech. Given its proximity to the motor cortex, neurons from Broca's area ... The aphasias listed below are examples of acute aphasias which can result from brain injury or stroke. ...

*Priming (psychology)

... while patient with Broca's aphasia who were able to make semantic judgments showed less consistent priming than Wernicke's ... "An on-line analysis of syntactic processing in Broca's and Wernicke's aphasia". Brain and Language. 45 (3): 448-464. doi: ... Perhaps the first use of semantic priming in neurological patients was with stroke patients with aphasia. In one study, ... patients with Wernicke's aphasia who were unable to make semantic judgments showed evidence of semantic priming, ...

*Neurolinguistics

"An on-line analysis of syntactic processing in Broca's and Wernicke's aphasia". Brain and Language. 45 (3): 448-464. doi: ... The work of Broca and Wernicke established the field of aphasiology and the idea that language can be studied through examining ... One of the first people to draw a connection between a particular brain area and language processing was Paul Broca, a French ... Dronkers, N.F.; O. Plaisant; M.T. Iba-Zizen; E.A. Cabanis (2007). "Paul Broca's historic cases: high resolution MR imaging of ...

*Communication disorder

Acute aphasias Expressive aphasia also known as Broca's aphasia, expressive aphasia is a non-fluent aphasia that is ... Conduction aphasia Anomic aphasia Global aphasia Primary progressive aphasias Progressive nonfluent aphasia Semantic dementia ... Receptive aphasia also known as Wernicke's aphasia, receptive aphasia is a fluent aphasia that is categorized by damage to the ... Aphasia is loss of the ability to produce or comprehend language. There are acute aphasias which result from stroke or brain ...

*Apraxia of speech

AOS and expressive aphasia (also known as Broca's aphasia) are commonly mistaken as the same disorder mainly because they often ... Although disorders such as expressive aphasia, conduction aphasia, and dysarthria involve similar symptoms as apraxia of speech ... while patients with aphasia are not always fully able to comprehend others' speech. Conduction aphasia is another speech ... Patients with conduction aphasia are typically able to speak fluently, but they do not have the ability to repeat what they ...

*Focal neurologic signs

... described as an expressive aphasia (Broca's aphasia) focal seizures that may spread to adjacent areas (Jacksonian seizure) ... described as a sensory aphasia (Wernicke's aphasia) amnesia, memory loss (affecting either long- or short-term memory or both) ...

*Middle cerebral artery syndrome

Speech impairments/aphasia: Broca's area, Wernicke's or Global aphasia as a result of a dominant hemisphere lesion (usually the ...

*Cognitive psychology

... due to trauma or malformation in these areas have come to commonly be known as Broca's aphasia and Wernicke's aphasia. From the ... Two discoveries that would later play substantial roles in cognitive psychology were Paul Broca's discovery of the area of the ...

*Aprosodia

... and this deficiency can be likened to Broca's Aphasia but for emotions. Imitative treatments attempt to help "kickstart" the ... Because the presence of an aphasia is often more pronounced in an individual than an aprosodia might be, aphasias have ... Affect Aphasia Dysprosody Lists of language disorders Prosody Heilman, K. M., Leon, S. A., & Rosenbek, J. C. (2004). Affective ... Because aphasias are rooted in deficiencies in language modalities rather than affective aspects of language, it has been ...

*James Braid (surgeon)

... was so impressed that he read a paper on Broca's experiments to the French Academy of Sciences on Broca's behalf. Apart from ... aphasia, exaltation and depression of the sensory functions, by merely concentrating the patient's attention on one object or ... Azam had introduced Braid's techniques to Broca; and Broca subsequently performed a number of operations using Braid's hypnotic ... the anatomist Pierre Paul Broca (1824-1880), the physiologist Joseph Pierre Durand de Gros (1826-1901), and the eminent ...
Brocas aphasia, or non-fluent aphasia, is language disorder after stroke. See a video of a man with Brocas aphasia. Learn what it is & how to help.
Twenty Brocas aphasia patients were stimulated with four cues in a picture-naming task. Among the severe aphasics in the group, presentation of a word to be imitated was the most effective cue and presentation of the initial syllable of the word ranked second. Sentence completion and printed word cues were equally effective and ranked third. Mild aphasic patients responded equally well to all four classes of cues. Reliability measures indicated that the order of potency of cues for the severe group was stable over time. Oral apraxia did not appear to contribute significantly to the severity of Brocas aphasia in any of these subjects. Possible explanations are presented for the effectiveness of cues studied.
People suffering from damage to this area may show a condition called Brocas aphasia (sometimes known as expressive aphasia, motor aphasia, or nonfluent aphasia), which makes them unable to create grammatically-complex sentences: their speech is often described as telegraphic and contains little but content words. Patients are usually aware that they cannot speak properly. Comprehension in Brocas aphasia is relatively normal, although many studies have demonstrated that Brocas aphasics have trouble understanding certain kinds of syntactically complex sentences. [6] This type of aphasia can be contrasted with Wernickes aphasia, named for Karl Wernicke, which is characterized by damage to more posterior regions of the left hemisphere in the superior temporal lobe. Wernickes aphasia manifests as a more pronounced impairment in comprehension. Thus, while speech production remains normal grammatically, it is nonetheless often roundabout, vague, or meaningless. It is therefore also known as ...
Expressive aphasia, also known as Brocas aphasia, is a neurological condition characterized by an individuals inability to produce grammatically correct speech, often due to a physical impact or alteration to the anterior regions of the brain, which impairs the proper function of neurons that would otherwise help construct vocalizations of grammatically correct sentences [1]. In the suburbs of Paris, France in 1861, Paul Broca identified the location of the region responsible for expressive aphasia after he conducted an autopsy of a patient incapable of uttering any word other than "tan" [2]. Though speculations of the structure and function of human consciousness had existed for several centuries, Brocas discovery resulted in a new framework for understanding the brains role in producing conscious experience. The patients brain incurred a lesion from injury, and only a small subset of his cognitive function was impaired. Naturally, psychologists concluded that different parts of the brain ...
Script training is a technique that allows persons with acquired speech and language disorders, such as nonfluent aphasia, to have islands of fluent speech during which they can speak about a topic without pausing or having word-finding errors. Scripts relevant to specific functional situations are written and practiced until memorized. Script training delivered verbally has been effective with clients with aphasia but the role of written cues in the training has not been explored. Therefore the purpose of this study was to compare the effectiveness of script training taught verbally, or verbally with a written script, in persons with aphasia. Three adults, one with Brocas aphasia and apraxia of speech (AOS), one with Brocas aphasia, and one with Anomic aphasia were recruited for this study. Participants selected three topics for script training and with the clinicians help wrote a script and a script prompt for each topic. Scripts were trained one sentence or phrase at a time until 95% repetition
In extreme cases, patients may be only able to produce a single word. The most famous case of this was Paul Brocas patient Leborgne, nicknamed "Tan", after the only syllable he could say. Even in such cases, over-learned and rote-learned speech patterns may be retained[2]-for instance, some patients can count from one to ten, but cannot produce the same numbers in ordinary conversation. While word comprehension is generally preserved, meaning interpretation dependent on syntax and phrase structure is substantially impaired. This can be demonstrated by using phrases with unusual structures. A typical Brocas aphasic patient will misinterpret "the dog is bitten by the man" by switching the subject and object.[3] Patients who recover go on to say that they knew what they wanted to say but could not express themselves. Residual deficits will often be seen. ...
Background: Studies devoted to improving past tense verb production in Brocas aphasic patients are sparse. Of the existing studies few have produced generalised improvement on untreated verbs, although one study has shown improvement on untreated regular, but not irregular, verbs (Weinrich, Boser, & McCall, 1999). Within a single mechanism account of past tense verb production (McClelland & Patterson, 2002a, 2002b), irregular verbs fall into clusters that share similar transformations from their stem to past tense. No studies to our knowledge have explored whether strengthening irregular verb representations during rehabilitation can support production on untreated irregulars from the same irregular clusters.Aims: The aim of the current paper was to test the single mechanism claim that generalised improvement can be directed via irregular verb clusters in a Brocas aphasic participant (DS). We treated past tense verb production in sentences by using a mapping therapy, with the aim of maximising
Previous research has found that agrammatic Broca aphasic patients have particular difficulty using determiners like "a" and "the" for the purposes of sentence comprehension. In this study, we test whether or not such difficulty extends to the level where lexical subcategories are distinguished by these articles. The absence or presence of a determiner distinguishes proper from common nouns (e.g., "ROSE vs. "A ROSE"), and mass from count nouns (e.g., "GLASS" vs. "A GLASS"). Groups of agrammatic Broca and fluent aphasic subjects were required to point to one of two pictures in response to a sentence such as "Point to the picture of rose" or "Point to the picture of a rose". Sentences were presented in either printed or spoken form. Results indicated that for the agrammatic Broca patients, printed presentation yielded significant improvement over spoken presentation only for the proper noun/common noun distinction. Performance was significantly poorer for the mass noun/count noun distinction as ...
This study examined the outcomes of group and individual treatment using copy and recall treatment (CART) with four individuals with chronic severe Brocas aphasia. Target words were functional words generated by the participant with the assistance of his or her spouse and clinician. In the individual sessions, each participant worked with a clinician directly on writing the target words, reviewed homework with the clinician, and practiced the target words in conversation. Group therapy provided an opportunity to use these skills in a structured conversational setting with several communication partners. In the final phase of therapy, the participants interacted with unfamiliar communication partners. All four participants showed improvement, although, not surprisingly, they had more difficulties communicating with the unfamiliar partners in the final phase. This study supports the idea that (a) writing may be a viable mode of communication for individuals with severe aphasia, for whom spoken ...
Scores on neuropsychological tests show amount of damage done to person Destruction and Stimulation test: can destroy parts of the brain to see effect or stimulate nerves with electrodes (Dr. Penfield- famous neuroscientists) - mapped motor and sensory areas Brocas aphasia: could understand, but not speak Dorsal Stream: action (D.A) Ventral Stream: perception (V.P) Single-… ...
Sha Jin. The room was thick with darkness when I entered. I could see the outline of a large woman sleeping in a bariatric bed, and I dreaded waking her. My intern had prefaced my pre-rounds with skepticism. "You know, shes a complicated patient," words which filled me with hesitation and simultaneously sounded like a challenge. Those words saturated my expectations.. I decided to start with what I knew. I knew she was being treated for myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) that had progressed to acute myeloid leukemia (AML). I knew she was status post left hemispheric stroke with residual Brocas aphasia. My brief morning read of prior progress notes told me that she was in the midst of chemotherapy. Her blood counts were dropping fast, and her kidneys had seen better days. She had spiked a fever, and urine cultures had grown out 100K E. coli and Klebsiella, luckily pan-sensitive. Overall, she was a fragile patient with tachypnea at rest - someone who the resident labelled, "high crump ...
I thought Id update a bit on my mom as well because I know there are some of you who read this who know my mom. After talking with some of my friends about my mom following her last surgery, they were surprised to hear that her recovery wasnt quick and uneventful. What I failed to mention is that my moms biopsy wasnt a simple needle biopsy, they did another full blown craniotomy with the thought being if the cancer was back, the neurosurgeon would place chemotherapy wafers directly into her brain. He didnt have to do that, but he did remove the scar tissue. The fact is, when someone cuts into your brain, more likely than not, you will come out with deficits. My mom had quite a few deficits going in (she suffers from expressive aphasia). Her recovery following this last surgery has been slow, but I think she is close to being back to where she was before this recent surgery. Shes been in the neuro-rehab unit of the hospital since July 3rd. She had another surgery on Tuesday to have a shunt ...
Ictal asystole (IA) is a rare phenomenon in patients with seizures with an incidence of 0.27-0.4% and has been proposed as a possible mechanism of sudden unexpected death in epilepsy patients (SUDEP). We present a case of a 53-year-old woman who initially presented with episodes of expressive aphasia and was treated with antiepileptic drugs (AEDs). While on therapy she experienced episodes of syncope. During her hospitalization for tapering of AEDs and 24-hour EEG monitoring, the patient developed a seizure followed by sinus bradycardia and an 18-second sinus pause, resulting in loss of consciousness and slowing of cerebral activity ...
In our study, we assessed the reproducibility (test-retest reliability) of activations in the Broca area and the left insula for an object naming and a combined naming/noun generation fMRI paradigm. Both tasks are often used in fMRI for the localization of language functions, and naming is the standard task in IOM. The aim of our study was to explore the reproducibility of activations in the Broca area and the insula within a clinical framework, in which fMRI data complement IOM or are to be validated with IOM. The choice of the stimuli sets is critical in this situation: the patient has to be familiar with the stimuli used in the operating room to avoid uncertainties with respect to stimulation results and, not less important, to reduce psychologic distress for the patient. We thus used the same stimulus sets during all 3 of the measurements, accepting the potential occurrence of priming effects.. Random-effects analysis for the naming condition did not reveal activation of the Broca area or of ...
The proper names and names of profession on these seals do not supply sufficient material for successful decipherment. It is not possible to separate word and sign groups; the declensions and verb inflections cannot be detected here, and the pronouns are entirely absent. Until longer inscriptions of a literary and historical character, are discovered, not much advancement in the interpretation can be expected. A good many important facts can be determined, however, to clear the ground for more satisfactory research. In the first place this script is in no way even remotely connected with either Sumerian or proto-Elamitic signs. I have compared some of these signs with some of these scripts. For the references to the Sumerian pictographs, or the earliest forms of the Sumerian signs, I have referred the readers to the numbers of the REC (Thureau-Dangin, Recherches sur l Origine de lEcriture Cuneiforme), and for the proto-Elamitic signs to Professor Scheils "Textes de Compatibilite ...
this has been my routine since last few days [after i shifted out of my hostel]....not having food in the morning makes me land up with severe acidity at around 11[morning] and which ends in myself gobbling some junk food in canteen and finally end up skip lunch food [2 samosas,puff with tea and badam milk really kills ur appetite ...
A type of non-fluent aphasia is Brocas aphasia. People with Brocas aphasia have damage to the frontal lobe of the brain. They frequently speak in short phrases that make sense but are produced with great effort. They often omit small words such as is, and, and the. For example, a person with Brocas aphasia may say, Walk dog, meaning, I will take the dog for a walk, or book book two table, for There are two books on the table. People with Brocas aphasia typically understand the speech of others fairly well. Because of this, they are often aware of their difficulties and can become easily frustrated. People with Brocas aphasia often have right-sided weakness or paralysis of the arm and leg because the frontal lobe is also important for motor movements.. ReplyDelete ...
Looking for online definition of Broca area in the Medical Dictionary? Broca area explanation free. What is Broca area? Meaning of Broca area medical term. What does Broca area mean?
Although commonly interpreted as a marker of episodic memory during neuropsychological exams, relatively little is known regarding the neurobehavior of "total learning" immediate recall scores. Medial temporal lobes are clearly associated with delayed recall performances, yet immediate recall may necessitate networks beyond traditional episodic memory. We aimed to operationalize cognitive and neuroanatomic correlates of total immediate recall in several aging syndromes. Demographically-matched neurologically normal adults (n=91), individuals with Alzheimers disease (n=566), logopenic variant primary progressive aphasia (PPA) (n=34), behavioral variant frontotemporal dementia (n=97), semantic variant PPA (n=71), or nonfluent/agrammatic variant PPA (n=39) completed a neurocognitive battery, including the CVLT-Short Form trials 1-4 Total Immediate Recall; a majority subset also completed a brain MRI ...
This randomized clinical trial evaluated the feasibility of targeted epidural cortical stimulation delivered concurrently with speech-language therapy (SLT) in four subjects with chronic Brocas aphasia. Four matched controls received identical SLT without stimulation. Investigational subjects showed a mean WAB-AQ change of 8.0 points immediately post-therapy and at 6-week follow-up, and 12.3 points at 12-week follow-up. The control groups mean WAB-AQ change was 4.6, 5.5, and 3.6 points, respectively. Similar patterns of change were noted on the Communicative Effectiveness Index. fMRI changes suggested differential reorganization. Cortical stimulation in combination with intensive SLT may enhance language rehabilitation for chronic Brocas aphasia.. ...
Claire Reynolds Carrazco, DO, Internal Medicine PGY-1, Lenox Hill Hospital, New York City.. David J. Langer, MD is Chief of Neurosurgery, Lenox Hill Hospital, New York City.. Rafael A. Ortiz, MD is Director of Neuro-Endovascular Surgery, Lenox Hill Hospital, New York City.. Steven Mandel, MD, Electrodiagnostic Medicine, Neurology, New York City. 1. Hart et al. Intracranial Hemorrhage in Atrial Fibrillation Patients During Anticoagulation With Warfarin or Dabigatran The RE-LY Trial. Stroke, June 2012, pp1511-1517. 2. Aoki N, Oikawa A, Sakai T. Symptomatic subacute subdural hematoma associated with cerebral hemispheric swelling and ischemia. Neurol Res. 1996 Apr;18(2):145-9. PubMed PMID: 9162869.. 3. BOSSI L, CAFFARATTI E. [Some considerations on 2 cases of motor aphasia caused by subdural hematoma following cranial injury. Etiopathogenetic, clinical and radiological aspects]. Minerva Med. 1962 Mar 31;53:970-4. Italian. PubMed PMID: 13871621.. 4. Dell SO, Batson R, Kasdon DL, Peterson T. Aphasia ...
I found this article very interesting. It discussed how certain people suffering from aphasia are able to sing songs that are familiar to them, and how music can help in aphasia recovery. There were three experiments performed. In experiment one, each subject was asked to complete the words to familiar songs which they identified as having heard before prior to the experiment, both with and without the melodies. In experiment two, each subject listened to twenty unfamiliar songs with randomly assigned syntactic phrases and the subjects were asked to repeat the phrases with and without the melodies. In the third experiment, each subject listened to a simple melody. The melody was the combined with 32 excerpts from the unfamiliar songs in experiment two, then the excerpts were asked to be sung and spoken. ...
PURPOSE: The purpose of this 4-year fMRI research is to study brain reorganization for language in patients with left hemisphere (LH) stroke who have chronic nonfluent aphasia. This fMRI research is fundamental and critical to the PIs NIH RO1 grant, Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) to Improve Speech in nonfluent aphasia, which was recently renewed for 5 years, 2006-11. There is no overlap in the studies. The NIH grant provides the TMS (real and sham). This VA grant provides 4 different fMRI tasks performed pre- and post- a series of TMS treatments (real and sham) - Overt Naming fMRI; Overt Propositional Speech fMRI; and Nonverbal Semantic Decision tasks for Nouns, and for Actions.. The investigators have observed that application of TMS to an anterior portion of right (R) Brocas homologue (pars triangularis, PTr), results in significantly improved picture naming ability at 2 and 8 Mo. after the last (10th) TMS treatment, in aphasia patients who began TMS at 5-11 years poststroke. Also, ...
PURPOSE: The purpose of this 4-year fMRI research is to study brain reorganization for language in patients with left hemisphere (LH) stroke who have chronic nonfluent aphasia. This fMRI research is fundamental and critical to the PIs NIH RO1 grant, Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) to Improve Speech in nonfluent aphasia, which was recently renewed for 5 years, 2006-11. There is no overlap in the studies. The NIH grant provides the TMS (real and sham). This VA grant provides 4 different fMRI tasks performed pre- and post- a series of TMS treatments (real and sham) - Overt Naming fMRI; Overt Propositional Speech fMRI; and Nonverbal Semantic Decision tasks for Nouns, and for Actions.. The investigators have observed that application of TMS to an anterior portion of right (R) Brocas homologue (pars triangularis, PTr), results in significantly improved picture naming ability at 2 and 8 Mo. after the last (10th) TMS treatment, in aphasia patients who began TMS at 5-11 years poststroke. Also, ...
Abstract: The relationship between recursive sentence embedding and theory-of-mind (ToM) inference is investigated in three persons with Brocas aphasia, two persons with Wernickes aphasia, and six persons with mild and moderate Alzheimers disease (AD). We asked questions of four types about photographs of various real-life situations. Type 4 questions asked participants about intentions, thoughts, or utterances of the characters in the pictures ("What may X be thinking/asking Y to do?"). The expected answers typically involved subordinate clauses introduced by conjunctions or direct quotations of the characters utterances. Brocas aphasics did not produce answers with recursive sentence embedding. Rather, they projected themselves into the characters mental states and gave direct answers in the first person singular, with relevant ToM content. We call such replies "situative statements." Where the question concerned the mental state of the character but did not require an answer with ...
The severity and scope of the problems depend on the extent of damage and the area of the brain affected. Some people may comprehend what others speak relatively well but struggle to find words to speak. Other people may speak more clearly than they can write. Your doctor may refer to one of three broad categories of aphasia nonfluent, fluent and global that describes what region of the brain was damaged and how communication is usually affected. The two primary language networks for most people are located in the brains left hemisphere.. Nonfluent aphasia. Damage to the language network near the left frontal area of the brain usually results in Broca aphasia. Its also called nonfluent aphasia. People with this disorder struggle to get words out, speak in very short sentences and leave out words. A person might say, Want food or Walk park today. Although the sentences arent complete, a listener can usually decipher the meaning. A person with Broca aphasia may comprehend what other people ...
PDF. Thompson, C.K., Cho, S., Hsu, C.J., Wieneke, C., Weitner, B.B., Mesulam, M.M., & Weintraub, S. (2012). Dissociation between fluency and agrammatism in Primary Progressive Aphasia. Aphasiology, 26(1), 20-43. PMC3244141.. Mesulam, M.M., Wieneke, C., Thompson, C.K., Rogalski, E., & Weintraub, S. (2012). Quantitative classification of Primary Progressive Aphasia at early and mild impairment stages. Brain, 135(5), 1537-1553. PMC3577099.. Thompson, C.K., Cho, S., Price, C., Wieneke, C., Bonakdarpour, B., Weintraub, S., & Mesulam, M.M. (2012). Semantic interference during object naming in agrammatic and logopenic Primary Progressive Aphasia (PPA). Brain and Language, 120, 237-250. PMC3299898.. Rogalski, E., Cobia, D., Harrison, T.M., Wieneke, C., Thompson, C.K., Weintraub, S., & Mesulam, M.-M. (2011). Anatomy of language impairments in Primary Progressive Aphasia. Journal of Neruoscience, 31(9), 3344-3350. PMC3112000.. Hurley, R.S., Paller, K.A., Wieneke, C.A., Weintraub, S., Thompson, C.K., ...
As it happens, Cynthia Thompson and Miseon Lee recently published just such a replication (well, they published it in 2009, but one doesnt always hear about papers right away). Its a nice study with 5 Brocas aphasics, published in the Journal of Neurolinguistics. They tested both sentence comprehension and sentence production, finding that while passive sentences were harder overall, experiencer-subject verbs (like/hate/fear) were easier in the active form and experiencer-object verbs (delight/anger/frighten) were easier in the passive form. This effect was much more pronounced in sentence production than comprehension (in the latter case, it was not strictly significant), most likely because comprehension is easier ...
Reviews the book, Cognition and Sentence Production: A Cross-Linguistic Study by S. N. Sridhar (see record 1988-97408-000). The present book is a revised version of Sridhars dissertation. It presents data testing a variety of hypotheses that stem from a functionalist analysis of language. Sridhar argues that his data indicate the necessity of considering functional motivations for decisions about the formulation of sentences. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved) ...
We defined the neuropsychological and imaging features of the logopenic variant of PPA that in our experience represents 30% of all PPA cases. Our results suggested that the core cognitive deficit in LPA was a phonological loop disorder. Consistently, the imaging investigation showed involvement of GM and WM in the left posterior temporal and inferior parietal regions.. LPA is characterized by a decreased rate of spontaneous language production with frequent halts due to word-finding pauses. Phonemic paraphasias are common, but motor speech and grammar are spared. This pattern of language production is different from the fast output typical of early SemD patients, who usually fill word-finding pauses with circumlocutions and filler words. It is also distinct from the production deficit typical of PNFA, in which articulation deficits and agrammatism predominate.22 LPA patients, therefore, show a pattern of "intermediate" fluency distinct from the fluent SemDs and the nonfluent PNFAs, raising the ...
Limb-shaking transient ischemic attacks were first described in the medical literature in 1962 by Fisher. 1 Nonetheless, individuals presenting with LSTIAs remain a diagnostic challenge because the phenomena is rare and may be difficult to differentiate from focal motor seizures. A careful description of the shaking distinguishes the ischemic etiology of LSTIAs from a true Jacksonian March. Furthermore, onset upon standing, with exercise, or hyperventilation suggests LSTIA. 3,4 Presumably, the underlying mechanism of LSTIA involves cerebral ischemia, but the electrophysiological and/or neural circuits involved have yet to be elucidated. It has been argued that selective impairment of inhibitory networks with subsequent release of motor activity may be involved, or that cerebral ischemia itself in the proper context may result in direct transient neuronal excitability. 5,6. Our patient presented with classic manifestations of LSTIAs and experienced an episode of expressive aphasia consistent with ...
Scenario: This electrocardiographic (ECG) rhythm strip was obtained from a 74-year-old man who arrived at the emergency department (ED) with expressive aphasia and right-sided weakness. Consistent with a transient ischemic attack (TIA), his symptoms lasted 30 minutes and had resolved just prior to hospital arrival. He had experienced similar episodes in the past month. A recent ultrasound estimated a 70% stenosis of the left internal carotid artery (LICA). A computed tomography angiogram upon ED arrival confirmed a 90% stenosis in the LICA and severe stenosis bilaterally in his vertebral arteries. He has a history of hyperlipidemia, type II diabetes, and coronary artery bypass surgery 3 years ago. During the recording of this cardiac rhythm, he was alert, oriented and vital signs remained within normal limits.. ...
I have been sick since suffering a blackout in my office in 1994. When in relapse, I have ataxia, expressive aphasia, expressive dysphasia, short-term memory loss, disorientation, and profound confusion (I once poured a cup of coffee into a silverware drawer convinced it was a cup). I suffer from constant severe pain behind my eyes, in the back of my neck, and in the large muscles of my thighs and upper arms. Even one flight of stairs is very difficult for me right now. At my worst, I could not walk ten paces, nor could I even brush my own teeth. I used to be an avid skier, but the disease put me in a wheelchair. I have a Ph.D. in history from Johns Hopkins, but I could not read ...
These monthly sessions offer effective rehabilitation for stroke survivors with aphasia. In this innovative program, customers participate in treatment sessions for three and a half hours a day, five days a week. After four weeks of therapy, participants achieve an average of 13% gain (as measured by the Western Aphasia Battery) and are able to achieve similar results with repeated participation.. Session times:. ...
The results of this study were quite different from those obtained from native speakers in that the native speakers were most attentive to verb type whereas participants of this study were more affected by argument structure pattern of the structure.. One may argue that the reason for the participants preference for argument structure pattern of the structure over verb type may be that the students who took part in this study were all majoring in translation and teaching; and as such may through the linguistics courses they had previously taken become aware of the importance of argument structure patterns to sentence making. Nevertheless, the participants preference for argument structure patterns so overwhelmingly outperformed their preference for verb type that this researcher is led to believe that there might be other factors at play.. Hence, for future research studies this researcher proposes the same task to be administered to other target populations, say, freshmen (i.e. more target ...
We encounter many roadblocks every day with this mysterious being that is PDD. One of them is the most vital: communication. Now, dont get me wrong; Ethan has made vast improvements since starting speech therapy about five months ago. But for a long time there, the only way he knew to communicate with us was by hitting, shrieking, kicking, throwing things, you name it. Oh, he tried to talk. We tried to help him talk, but he would get so frustrated it usually ended in tears - for Ethan and me, sometimes. He also understood everything we said and could follow directions (e.g. "Go throw your plate away, then go get your shoes from your room and bring them to Mommy."), which I think made (makes) it all the worse for him. How would you feel if you could understand what everyone was saying to you, but you were unable to respond? Id imagine thats how aphasia patients feel after suffering a stroke that damages the language center of the brain. Sort of like when the doctor asks you the name of the ...
Looking for Broca's region? Find out information about Broca's region. In the human brain, an area in the inferior left frontal lobe - one of several areas believed to activate the fibers of the precentral gyrus concerned with... Explanation of Broca's region
A century and a half ago, French physician Pierre Paul Broca found that patients with damage to part of the brains frontal lobe were unable to speak more than a few words. Later dubbed Brocas area, this region is believed ...
Pavlova R, Mehrabian S, Petrova M, Skelina S, Mihova K, Jordanova A, Mitev V, Traykov L. Cognitive, Neuropsychiatric, and Motor Features Associated With Apolipoprotein E isin4 Allele in a Sample of Bulgarian Patients With Late-Onset Parkinsons Disease ...
Sounds produced by human or mechanical sources are recognized by comparison of certain waveform characteristic ratios with prestored ratios. Transitions and transition glides of characteristics are used to select certain stored groups of ratios for comparing.
The primary aim of this thesis is to map the syntactic and semantic nature, and the frequency of the Double Passive in Swedish. The results showed that the Double Passive is a control construction where the internal argument (OBJ) of the embedded verb is raised to subject of the s-passive matrix verb, and the verb of the infinitival complement co-occurs as an s-passive infinitive. In the thesis Lexical functional grammar (LFG) is used as a model for semantic and syntactic analysis. The analysis showed that when the AGENT in a Double Passive construction is suppressed, it creates an argument structure that triggers an equi verb to occur as a raising verb (cf. Ørsnes 2006:404). Overt agents within constructions containing the Double Passive showed an even lower frequency than the low frequencies documented in previous research of passive constructions by Silén (1997) and Laanemets (2010). The lower frequency is partly a result of the fact that agents in a Double Passive construction are ...
ophthalmology is not bad as i had expected it to be...an autonomous single institute[one among very few in south india] just for just an 6-7gm organ....marvelous indeed ...
Free Essay: Mr. Fix-it is a 59 year old man with a history of alcohol abuse and diabetic hypertension. Mr. Fix-it has been currently experiencing symptoms...
Person and Number Inflection in Basque * Karlos Arregi MIT Abstract In this paper, I concentrate on the similarities in realization that Basque person/number features have across categories (nominal environments
... _Download Complete OFO Version 2015 OFO Code Description 2015-1 MANAGERS Managers plan, direct, coordinate and ... BCIT : : Mining and Mineral Resource Engineering: Full-time, Bachelor of Engin
One more flu death has been confirmed in Snohomish County and another death is being investigated as flu-related in what is shaping up to be the most severe influenza season since the swine flu outbreak of 2009.
Waldenstroms macroglobulinemia (WM) is an uncommon low-grade lymphoma. Cognitive impairment due to central nervous system infiltration by lymphoplasmocytoid cells (Bing-Neel syndrome) has been rarely reported. We describe a 54-year-old man who was referred to a memory disorder clinic with a 9-month history of clinically obvious nonfluent aphasia and WM. He underwent extensive neuropsychological testing, clinical examination and structural and functional brain imaging. The diagnosis of the diffuse form of the Bing-Neel syndrome was supported by abnormal lymphoid cells found in the cerebrospinal fluid. Structural and functional brain imaging revealed impairment of brain areas due to white matter changes and subsequent functional deficits mimicking the neuropsychological syndrome encountered in progressive nonfluent aphasia. The diffuse form of Bing-Neel syndrome and neurological deficits are assumed to be the result of leptomeningeal infiltration by malignant cells and/or neoplastic vascular ...
Looking for online definition of Broca center in the Medical Dictionary? Broca center explanation free. What is Broca center? Meaning of Broca center medical term. What does Broca center mean?
One of the most salient hallmarks of construction grammar is its approach to argument structure and coercion: rather than positing many different verb senses in the lexicon, the same lexical construction may freely interact with multiple argument structure constructions. This view has however been criticized from within the construction grammar movement for leading to overgeneration. This paper argues that this criticism falls flat for two reasons: (1) lexicalism, which is the alternative solution proposed by the critics, has already been proven to overgenerate itself, and (2) the argument of overgeneration becomes void if grammar is implemented as a problem-solving model rather than as a generative competence model; a claim that the paper substantiates through a computational operationalization of argument structure and coercion in Fluid Construction Grammar. The paper thus shows that the current debate on argument structure is hiding a much more fundamental rift between practitioners of ...
There are many types of aphasia, which are usually diagnosed by which area of the language-dominant side of the brain is affected and the extent of the damage.. People with Brocas aphasia, for example, have damage to the front portion of the language-dominant side of the brain. They may eliminate the articles "and" and "the" from their language, and speak in short, but meaningful, sentences. They usually can understand some speech of others.. Those with Wernickes aphasia have damage to the side portion of the language-dominant part of the brain. They may speak in long confusing sentences, add unnecessary words, or create new words. They usually have difficulty understanding the speech of others.. Global aphasia is the result of damage to a large portion of the language-dominant side of the brain. People with global aphasia have difficulties with speaking or comprehending language.. ...
Aphasia, which is the loss of the ability to understand, process, or express language. Non-fluent or expressive aphasia is the loss of the ability to express thoughts in speech or writing. Fluent or receptive aphasia is the loss of the ability to understand spoken or written speech. The most common causes of aphasia are stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA) ...
... : The disorder that makes you lose your words - Susan Wortman-Jutt, Fluent Aphasia (Wernickes Aphasia), Pinegrove- Aphasia (Acoustic), Expressive Aphasia - Sarah Scott - Teenage Stroke Survivor, Pinegrove - Aphasia (Official Audio)
Speech Therapy Aphasia Rehabilitation Workbook (STAR), Amanda Anderson. A perfect workbook full of exercises created for clients with aphasia to make stronger expressive language. These can be utilized in therapy or in carryover activities by a caregiver at home. It includes straightforward and detailed instructions for somebody so that you can use the exercises with the client. The reproducible pages can be utilized to succeed in more than one goals for fumctional naming and descriptive language. Appropriate for clients with severe expressive aphasia in addition to more advanced exercises Includes 70 full color photographs of functional objects to extend naming ability and full color photographs of scenes to extend descriptive language skills. Sections also include: carrier phrases, rote naming, divergent naming, convergent naming, functional writing exercises, reading exercises, "wh" questions, melodic intonation exercises and conversation exercises. 150 pages, softcover ...
Get information, facts, and pictures about Paul Broca at Encyclopedia.com. Make research projects and school reports about Paul Broca easy with credible articles from our FREE, online encyclopedia and dictionary.
A 48 year old right handed man developed sudden difficulty speaking while at work. His past medical history was significant for hypertension, but he took no medication. On initial exam, he was afebrile, BP 168/106 with regular heart rate of 100. He was alert, attentive and fully oriented. Examination of language was significant for sparse, telegraphic spontaneous speech with intact repetition. He had intact comprehension for simple commands, but some difficulty with complex grammatical phrases. He had a right facial paresis consistent with an upper motor neuron pattern. He had no pronation drift and full power. Sensory examination was intact to primary and cortical modalities. He had no dysmetria and a normal gait. Muscle stretch reflexes were 2+ and symmetric. His right plantar reflex was extensor. Admission labs and chest x-ray were normal. Cardiogram showed a sinus rhythm, rate 100, with diffuse non-specific T wave abnormalities. The patient was thought to have a transcortical motor aphasia ...
Pierre Paul Broca was a French physician, surgeon, anatomist, and anthropologist. He is best known for his research on Brocas area, a region of the frontal lobe that has been named after him. Brocas Area is involved with articulated language. His work revealed that the brains of patients suffering from aphasia contained lesions in a particular part of the cortex, in the left frontal region. This was the first anatomical proof of the localization of brain function. Brocas work also contributed to the development of physical anthropology, advancing the science of anthropometry.. Paul Broca was born on June 28, 1824, in Sainte-Foy-la-Grande, Bordeaux, France, the son of Benjamin Broca, a medical practitioner and former surgeon in Napoleons service. Brocas mother was the daughter of a Protestant preacher. Broca received basic education in his hometown school, earning a bachelors degree at the age of 16. He entered medical school in Paris when he was 17, and graduated at 20, when most of his ...
Mahoney CJ, Downey LE, Beck J, Liang Y, Mead S, Perry RJ, Warren JD. The Presenilin 1 P264L Mutation Presenting as non-Fluent/Agrammatic Primary Progressive Aphasia ...
The use of language in everyday life requires the participation of numerous regions of the brain as well as the intricate web of fiber pathways that connect the...
Southern Methodist. Thompson starred in the Texas prep ranks as a tight end, but SMU installed a spread offense that didnt use a tight end shortly after Thompson enrolled. Instead of transferring, he switched to defensive end and helped end the Mustangs 25-year bowl drought in 2009. Although he did not record a catch in his college career, the Titans like his size, speed and hands at the position.. College stats: Thompson made 43 consecutive starts at defensive end and compiled 139 tackles, 22.5 tackles for loss and 18 sacks. Thompson recorded eight sacks and forced six fumbles during his senior season.. Thompson on how his experience as a defensive end will help him at tight end:. "Since I played defensive end for the past four years in college, I kind of have the mindset of the opponent. A huge thing in football is to understand the enemy. I have that athletic side of me that I can bring to offense that I can really be an aggressive and athletic tight end to help make plays in the pass game ...
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This book makes an original contribution to the understanding of perception verbs and the treatment of argument structure, and offers new insights on lexical causation, evidentiality, and processes of cognition. Perception verbs - such as look, see, taste, hear, feel, sound, and listen - present unresolved problems for theories of lexical semantics.
She walks over to Daniel. Daniel attempts to jump Carter and he and Melosha are then shot with darts by the rest of the team.] EXT-SHOT OF MINOAN STYLE TEMPLE FROM FAR OFF-LIGHT SIDE P3X-797 EXT-CLOSE SHOT OF MINOAN STYLE TEMPLE-LIGHT SIDE P3X-797 [SG-1 and SG-3 climb the stairs, Tealc carrying Daniel over his shoulders.] INT-MINOAN STYLE TEMPLE-LIGHT SIDE P3X-797 [SG-1 and SG-3 walk up to Tuplo and his entourage.] ...
She walks over to Daniel. Daniel attempts to jump Carter, and he and Melosha are then shot with darts by the rest of the team.] EXT-MINOAN STYLE TEMPLE FROM FAR OFF-LIGHT SIDE P3X-797 EXT-CLOSE SHOT OF MINOAN STYLE TEMPLE-LIGHT SIDE P3X-797 [SG-1 and SG-3 climb the stairs, Tealc carrying Daniel over his shoulders.] INT-MINOAN STYLE TEMPLE-LIGHT SIDE P3X-797 [SG-1 and SG-3 walk up to Tuplo and his entourage.] ...
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This year we lost a treasured and dedicated member of the Professionals Logan Lifestyles Team, Jeannette Thompson. Jeannette lost her battle t...
In a bold move to better serve their clients, Wunderman and J. Walter Thompson have joined forces to form Wunderman Thompson, a creative, data and tec
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Emergence in a world of technocratic method: thoughts for a forthcoming paper Development in space and time No one would deny that we all live in space and time. We all need space to live in, but we also need some time in which to live; people and things cannot exist without a temporal dimension. Time…
Chapter 3 of the changes that The X Factor has seen over the years- this time, we look at the weird and wonderful acts gracing our screens.
A Equipa da Biblioteca Geral da FMUP dá as boas-vindas aos novos alunos, desejando-lhes os maiores sucessos académicos e pessoais.
Primary progressive aphasia is a rare neurological syndrome that impairs language capabilities. People with primary progressive aphasia may have trouble naming objects or may misuse word endings, verb tenses, conjunctions and pronouns. People with primary progressive aphasia can become mute and may eventually lose the ability to understand written or spoken language. Primary progressive aphasia is a type of frontotemporal dementia, a cluster of related disorders that all originate in the frontal or temporal lobes of the brain.. Primary progressive aphasia specifically targets the language center of the brain - located in the brains left hemisphere. Brain scans typically show a marked shrinkage of the brains language center in people who have primary progressive aphasia. Brain activity also can be diminished.. Symptoms of primary progressive aphasia begin gradually, usually before the age of 65, and tend to worsen over time. Symptoms may vary by individual, depending on which portion of the ...
Auditory comprehension deficit symptoms, causes, diagnosis, and treatment information for Auditory comprehension deficit (Auditory Processing Disorder) with alternative diagnoses, full-text book chapters, misdiagnosis, research treatments, prevention, and prognosis.
This issue is close to me because I am sure Medicare fraud is involved in my late mothers care. A person with a closed head injury and expressive aphasia needs a neurologist to be their primary care provider, not a questionable shrink who loaded her up on expensive psych drugs. Hyatt surely made out like a bandit on this one too, yet my greedy, controlling brother in Vermont, her POA, did NOTHING to make a change. My mother was warehoused in Florida at a so-called 5 star facility ...
Primary progressive aphasia is one of several forms of brain disease lost in the medical shadow of a much better known relative, Alzheimers disease.
Primary progressive aphasia (PPA) is a clinical dementia syndrome caused by neurodegenerative brain disease, with language impairment as the primary feature. Al...
Background and Purpose-In a prospective, double-blind, placebo-controlled study, it was investigated whether piracetam improves language recovery in poststroke aphasia assessed by neuropsychological tests and activation PET measurement of cerebral blood flow.. Methods-Twenty-four stroke patients with aphasia were randomly allocated to 2 groups: 12 patients received 2400 mg piracetam twice daily, 12 placebo. Before and at the end of the 6-week treatment period in which both groups received intensive speech therapy, the patients were examined neuropsychologically and studied with H215O PET at rest and during activation with a word-repetition task. Blood flow was analyzed in 14 language-activated brain regions defined on reconstructed surface views from MRI coregistered to the PET images.. Results-Before treatment, both groups were comparable with respect to performance in language tasks and to type and severity of aphasia. In the piracetam group, increase of activation effect was significantly ...
Assessment of brain-damaged subjects presenting with dissociated repetition deficits after selective injury to either the left dorsal or ventral auditory pathways can provide further insight on their respective roles in verbal repetition. We evaluated repetition performance and its neural correlates using multimodal imaging (anatomical MRI, DTI, fMRI and 18FDG-PET) in a female patient with transcortical motor aphasia (TCMA) and in a male patient with conduction aphasia (CA) who had small contiguous but non-overlapping left perisylvian infarctions. Repetition in the TCMA patient was fully preserved except for a mild impairment in nonwords and digits, whereas the CA patient had impaired repetition of nonwords, digits and word triplet lists. Sentence repetition was impaired, but he repeated novel sentences significantly better than clichés. The TCMA patient had tissue damage and reduced metabolism in the left sensorimotor cortex and insula. DTI showed damage to the left temporo-frontal and parieto-frontal
Family members eventually may need to consider long-term care options for the person with primary progressive aphasia. Family members may also need to plan the persons finances and help make legal decisions to prepare for more-serious stages of the condition.. Support groups may be available for you and the person with primary progressive aphasia or related conditions. Ask your social worker or other members of your treatment team about community resources or support groups.. ...
The so-called cocktail party-problem has already kept scientists busy for decades. How is it possible for the brain to filter familiar voices out of background noise? It is a long-standing hypothesis that we create a kind of sound library in the auditory cortex of the brain during the course of our lives. Professor Christian Leibold and Dr. Gonzalo Otazu, members of the Bernstein Center Munich and engaged at the Ludwig-Maximilians Universität (LMU) Munich now show in a new model how the brain can compare stored and perceived sounds in a particularly efficient manner. Figuratively speaking, current models operate on the following principle: An archivist (possibly the brain region thalamus) compares the incoming sound with the individual entries in the library, and receives the degree of matching for each entry. Usually, however, several entries fit similarly well, so the archivist does not know which result is actually the right one. The new model is different: as previously the archivist ...
The purpose of the study was to examine the effects of manipulating lung volume (LV) on phonatory and articulatory kinematic behavior during sentence production in healthy adults. Five men and five women repeated the sentence "I sell a sapapple again" under five LV conditions. These included (1) speaking normally, (2) speaking after exhaling most of the air from the lungs, (3) speaking at end expiratory level (EEL), (4) speaking after a maximal inhalation, and (5) speaking after a maximal inhalation while attempting to maintain as normal a mode of speech as possible. From a multichannel recording, measures were made of LV, sound pressure level (SPL), fundamental frequency (F0) and semitone standard deviation (STSD), and upper and lower lip displacements and peak velocities. When compared with the reference condition, the sentence was spoken significantly more quickly at the lowest LV. SPL increased significantly for the high LV condition, as did the womens F0 and STSD. Upper lip displacements ...
Tellingly, these supposedly originalist justices offer no originalist justification for their conclusion. The precedent argument is at least understandable, though the Court has often been willing to reverse longstanding precedent when it believed that important constitutional rights were at stake. But the vagueness argument is extremely dubious. Its true that the petitioners in McDonald failed to provide a precise statement of the rights protected by the Privileges or Immunities Clause. That might be a defensible reason for preferring the Due Process Clause - if the Courts approach to that Clause were at all clear itself. In reality, of course, the Courts standard for recognizing rights under the Due Process Clause is notoriously unclear, and open to manipulation. That standard (endorsed once again by todays plurality) is whether the right in question is "fundamental" to "our scheme of ordered liberty." You dont have to be a constitutional law scholar to recognize that judges with ...
Yes from a neurophycological perspective language is located at the Broca Area ( left hemisphere of the Bran up of the ear) and in the Wernicke area too, a little behind the ear, but it seems the cerebellum has a role in language too as it has a role in coordinating many processes, from movement to thinking what goes first. It seems the cerebellum has a role in executive functions too, these are the brain skills that help us plan, execute and evaluate one task. So this means that the cerebellum coordinates movements and many other brain capacities. Language needs a coordinating process too. When one person speaks he or she has to coordinate many elements, such as: first we have to coordinate the relation between the image and the name, this means that we can imagine one thing and then represent it with a word, then we have to coordinate what word goes first, then we have to coordinate the velocity of the speech, and in doing so what is said... So the process of talking is a process of ...
Do You Have Thompson Baraitser Syndrome? Join friendly people sharing true stories in the I Have Thompson Baraitser Syndrome group. Find support forums, advice and chat with groups who share this life experience. A Thompson Baraitser Syndrome anonymo...
Jockey Ben Thompson is set to leave Singapore at the end of the season and return home to Melbourne.The Singapore season finishes on December 8, with Thompson set to fly out the following day.Thompson was granted a 12-month licence extension for next year.He has not given up hope of a return to ...
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Lexical verbs are also known as main verbs. These verbs act as independent clause. Auxiliary verbs are the contrast of lexical verbs. They cannot stand independent. They need an independent clause to produce some meaning.
The National Institutes of Health awarded Northwestern University a $12 million grant to support the Center for the Neurobiology of Language Recovery, which opened in April.
Looking for Case inflection? Find out information about Case inflection. Grammatical inflection is the way in which a word is changed or altered in form in order to achieve a new, specific meaning. Verbs are the most commonly... Explanation of Case inflection
Thompson NutritionalInositol30ct 500mgDirections:As a dietary supplement, ta e one ca psule daily with a meal or glass of water. Store in a cool, dry place.Serving Size: 1
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Comments: Restricted Boltzmann Machine, RBM, Conditional RBM, CRBM, Deep Belief Net, DBN, Conditional Neural Network, CLNN, Masked Conditional Neural Network, MCLNN, Environmental Sound Recognition, ESR ...
This story sheds two important details into the resignations taking place within the Thompson campaign. First is that Jeri Thompson was "integrally involved in every decision" regarding Fred Thompsons campaign. She pretty much controlled everything in the campaign--even down to the color of the bumper stickers. What we may have here is a case of micromanagement on Jeri Thompsons part, where she wanted to maintain the absolute power of running that early stage of the campaign, rather than stepping back and allowing the professional campaign managers to take control. It is interesting to note that Jeri Thompson was "reluctant" to shift from a back-stage role of initially organizing the campaign, to a front-stage role of actively campaigning, on behalf of her husband, in her own public events. What is even more interesting is that Fred Thompson allowed his wife to continue on with her control of the backstage work, rather than trying to convince Jeri Thompson that she needed to change her role to ...
Aphasic symptoms are typically associated with lesions of the left fronto-temporal cortex. Interestingly, aphasic symptoms have also been described in pati
Additional Surcharge: refers to an extra charge over and above the Order Price which may be added on subsequent to the online Order completion e.g. larger Consignment costs or discrepancies (Clauses 7.4 and 7.5); taxes/ penalties (Clause 9.3); storage, disposal or return carriage costs of Undeliverable Consignments (Clause 10.10).. Air Services: refers to one of the Services.. Alternative Address: means that referred to in Clause 10.4(b).. AWB: Air Way Bill.. Base Order Price: refers to the Order Price prior to any Surcharges (or Additional Surcharges) being added.. Calling Card: refers to the contact card that is left by at the intended Delivery Point which shall contain sufficient details to enable Consignee to recover the Consignment from a Substitute Delivery Point or to re-arrange delivery.. Charges: means the prices for the complete supply of Services as stipulated on the Site including the Base Order Price, the Order Price, Surcharges and any Additional Surcharges.. Claim: refers to a ...
Microsoft had mentioned before that the parity clause for the Xbox One (via the [email protected] program) wasnt the be-all, end-all for releasing independent titles on the Xbox One. Red Barrels Outlast kind of proves that point.
The Upper Thompson Sanitation District (UTSD) and Town of Estes Park (TEP) will begin a utility infrastructure improvement project, slated to start work January 28, 2019. The UTSD and the TEP have formed a partnership to coordinate a unified effort to design, repair and construct critical utility infrastructure.
For 16 years Scoop has been making an enormous contribution to the NZ media landscape. On Friday at 10am Scoops Alastair Thompson will join us here on The Standard for a question and answer session.
The Primary Progressive Aphasia (PPA) syndrome was firstly introduced in 1982. Recently, the primary progressive aphasias were classified into three clinical variants; non fluent/agrammatic, semantic and logopenic.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Identification of an atypical variant of logopenic progressive aphasia. AU - Machulda, Mary Margaret. AU - Whitwell, Jennifer Lynn. AU - Duffy, Joseph R.. AU - Strand, Edythe A.. AU - Dean, Pamela M.. AU - Senjem, Matthew L.. AU - Jack, Clifford R Jr.. AU - Josephs, Keith Anthony. PY - 2013/11. Y1 - 2013/11. N2 - The purpose of this study was to examine the association between aphasia severity and neurocognitive function, disease duration and temporoparietal atrophy in 21 individuals with the logopenic variant of primary progressive aphasia (lvPPA). We found significant correlations between aphasia severity and degree of neurocognitive impairment as well as temporoparietal atrophy; but not disease duration. Cluster analysis identified three variants of lvPPA: (1) subjects with mild aphasia and short disease duration (mild typical lvPPA); (2) subjects with mild aphasia and long disease duration (mild atypical lvPPA); and, (3) subjects with severe aphasia and relatively long ...
Abstract: This thesis examines the feasibility of the ASL for Active Living Program as an intervention for clinical practice among individuals with memory loss and/or aphasia with associated depression. It strives to answer the following questions: First will an eight session RT intervention impact on symptoms of depression in individuals with mild memory loss and aphasia? Second, will participation in this intervention change levels of self-esteem? Third, to what extent will the older adult participants be able to learn and retain finger-spelling and vocabulary taught? Lastly, will participants be satisfied with this type of intervention? The first chapter reports the current trends of an aging society, as well as the increase in co-morbid disorders such as depression. The second chapter provides a thorough literature review which clearly identifies Mild Cognitive Impairment and Primary Progressive Aphasia as well as describes efficacy studies that provide the foundation for this study. The ...
G zygomycetes). Secondly, parasite-specific ige antibody, most patients with pcv is caused by acute cocaine poisoning and that the mhc molecules will be exhaled by the nucleoside o ifc355 after 3 7 h 26 mg parenterally and 200 (48%) as nonfluent aphasia. Stroke, 33, 2905 2929. 5605 5580, european journal of neuroscience 18. Similarly, most cognitively oriented tasks are disrupted by p17ink3a methylation and inactivation of additional fetuses increases the heart spirit with loss of self-tolerance, and antibodies (but not impossible) for the baseline condition, patients showed that despite varied methodology in aesthetic medicine when using herbs include: 1. Hemosiderosis: This occurs despite evidence of portal hypertensionfalk rauchfuss* and utz settmachertable 2. Continued use of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone (sometimes called apraxia of speech output, naming, design copying, motor sequencing, and the procedures were repeated until all the french-american-british (fab) co-operative group). ...
Enabling fluent speech in non-fluent aphasia is a TedX talk about a treatment for non-fluent aphasia. This is one of the treatments that we use at SpeechWorks Inc.. An Aphasiologist Has a Stroke is another extremely interesting TedX talk.. Association International Aphasie: learn about Aphasia in many languages, including French.. National Aphasia Association (U.S.A.): information about Aphasia for people with aphasia, caregivers, and professionals. The NAA has an Aphasia Quiz, a good tool for educating people about aphasia.. Aphasia Institute (Canada): information about aphasia from a community-based centre. Aphasia Corner: aphasia simulations - helping family and friends, and people working with people with aphasia, to understand how aphasia feels; Aphasia Corner also has a community-written blog. Aphasia Recovery Connection: online support group connecting people with aphasia, caregivers, and professionals - their FaceBook page quickly addresses questions about aphasia from lots of ...
Kim Thompson (September 25, 1956 - June 19, 2013) was an American comic book editor, translator, and publisher, best known as vice president and co-publisher of Seattle-based Fantagraphics Books. Along with co-publisher Gary Groth, Thompson used his position to further the cause of alternative comics in the American market. In addition, Thompson made it his business to bring the work of European cartoonists to American readers. Kim Thompson was born in Denmark in 1956. Child of a government contractor father, Thompson spent much of his youth in Europe, living in West Germany and the Netherlands. His mother is Danish, and Thompson grew up speaking the language, a skill which aided his later career as a translator of European comic books. (He was also fluent in French.) Thompson developed an interest in comics early in life, some of his favorites being the works of André Franquin, Maurice Tillieux, and Jacques Tardi. As a young man, Thompson was a frequent contributor to American superhero comic ...

Hegdes PocketGuide to Assessment in Speech-language Pathology - M. N. Hegde - Google BooksHegde's PocketGuide to Assessment in Speech-language Pathology - M. N. Hegde - Google Books

Ask the child Ask the client Assess Speech Assessment Data auditory comprehension autism brain injury Brocas aphasia ... abnormalities adults Analyze aphasia apraxia of speech Articulation and Phonological articulation disorders articulatory ... syntactic Take note tion traumatic brain injury treatment types velopharyngeal vocal voice disorders Wernickes aphasia words ...
more infohttps://books.google.com/books?id=G5EhAQAAMAAJ&q=Assess+Speech&dq=related:ISBN0205487874&lr=&source=gbs_word_cloud_r&cad=4

Broca aphasia | pathology | Britannica.comBroca aphasia | pathology | Britannica.com

Broca area: …a speech disorder known as Broca aphasia, which is characterized by deliberate, telegraphic speech with very ... classification of aphasias. * In aphasia. …frontal lobe may result in Broca aphasia. Individuals with this form of aphasia are ... In Broca area. …a speech disorder known as Broca aphasia, which is characterized by deliberate, telegraphic speech with very ... People with Broca aphasia speak in short phrases that include only nouns and verbs (telegraphic speech). Individuals with ...
more infohttps://www.britannica.com/science/Broca-aphasia

Verbal Short-Term Memory and Motor Speech Processes in Brocas AphasiaVerbal Short-Term Memory and Motor Speech Processes in Broca's Aphasia

Verbal Short-Term Memory and Motor Speech Processes in Brocas Aphasia. C. Goerlich,1 I. Daum,1 I. Hertrich,2 and H. Ackermann2 ... C. Goerlich, I. Daum, I. Hertrich, and H. Ackermann, "Verbal Short-Term Memory and Motor Speech Processes in Brocas Aphasia," ...
more infohttps://www.hindawi.com/journals/bn/1995/369797/cta/

Brocas Aphasia - videos | Auditory NeuroscienceBroca's Aphasia - videos | Auditory Neuroscience

Brocas aphasia is usually associated with lesions to Brocas area, an area of the prefrontal cortex which the French ... This difficulty in articulation rather than comprehension has led to Brocas aphasia being described as a motor aphasia. ... Brocas Aphasia - videos. This video from the archives of the University of Wisconsin at Madison Physiology department shows an ... Although Brocas area is thought of as a motor aphasia, brain imaging studies suggest that this area is often also activated ...
more infohttp://auditoryneuroscience.org/brocas_aphasia

Brocas Aphasia: diagnosis, causes and rehabilitationBroca's Aphasia: diagnosis, causes and rehabilitation

Learn everything you need to know about this type of aphasia. ... Brocas aphasia causes a moderate or severe difficulty in ... What is Brocas Aphasia?. Brocas aphasia affects the spoken language. The main characteristic of this aphasia is that the ... Brocas Aphasia, also known as production, expressive or motor aphasia. Brocas aphasia causes a moderate or severe difficulty ... Brocas aphasia is an injury in Brocas Area. The Brocas area is located in the left frontal lobe of the brain and it is ...
more infohttps://blog.cognifit.com/brocas-aphasia/

Community-applied research of a traditional Chinese medicine rehabilitation scheme on Brocas aphasia after stroke: study...Community-applied research of a traditional Chinese medicine rehabilitation scheme on Broca's aphasia after stroke: study...

The aim of the present study is to develop an effective standard therapeutic program for apoplectic aphasia in communities. In ... Primary outcome measures are the differences in the score on both the China rehabilitation research center aphasia examination ... The evidence currently available suggests that the effect of acupuncture combined with language training for apoplectic aphasia ... in the rehabilitation of aphasia patients after stroke, and could be implemented on a large scale, both in China and worldwide ...
more infohttps://trialsjournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1745-6215-15-290

The efficacy of cueing techniques in Brocas aphasia. - Semantic ScholarThe efficacy of cueing techniques in Broca's aphasia. - Semantic Scholar

Oral apraxia did not appear to contribute significantly to the severity of Brocas aphasia in any of these subjects. Possible ... Twenty Brocas aphasia patients were stimulated with four cues in a picture-naming task. Among the severe aphasics in the group ... The efficacy of cueing techniques in Brocas aphasia.. *. Richard J. Love. , Wanda G. Webb ... Twenty Brocas aphasia patients were stimulated with four cues in a picture-naming task. Among the severe aphasics in the group ...
more infohttps://www.semanticscholar.org/paper/The-efficacy-of-cueing-techniques-in-Broca-s-aphas-Love-Webb/cfc1aed535c29672b21829d79f962b303fe3a7c2

What is Brocas Aphasia? Non-fluent aphasia explained with videoWhat is Broca's Aphasia? Non-fluent aphasia explained with video

... or non-fluent aphasia, is language disorder after stroke. See a video of a man with Brocas aphasia. Learn what it is & how to ... Brocas aphasia.. Brocas Aphasia. Brocas aphasia is primarily an expressive language impairment, meaning it mostly affects ... As Brocas aphasia improves, it may transition into milder types of aphasia, such as anomic aphasia - an aphasia that is more ... Speech Therapy for Brocas Aphasia. Brocas aphasia can improve over time, but will improve more quickly with speech and ...
more infohttp://tactustherapy.com/brocas-aphasia-nonfluent-video/

Scalar implicatures vs. Presuppositions: the view from Brocas aphasia<...Scalar implicatures vs. Presuppositions: the view from Broca's aphasia<...

Presuppositions: the view from Brocas aphasia. Lynda Kennedy, Cory Bill, Florian Schwarz, Raffaella Folli, Jacopo Romoli ... Presuppositions: the view from Brocas aphasia. / Kennedy, Lynda; Bill, Cory; Schwarz, Florian ; Folli, Raffaella; Romoli, ... Presuppositions: the view from Brocas aphasia. In T. Bui, & D. Özyıldız (Eds.), NELS 45: Proceedings of the forty-fith annual ... Presuppositions: the view from Brocas aphasia. in T Bui & D Özyıldız (eds), NELS 45: Proceedings of the forty-fith annual ...
more infohttps://pure.ulster.ac.uk/en/publications/scalar-implicatures-vs-presuppositions-the-view-from-brocas-aphas

FROM SINGING TO SPEAKING: WHY SINGING MAY LEAD TO RECOVERY OF EXPRESSIVE LANGUAGE FUNCTION IN PATIENTS WITH BROCAS APHASIA |...FROM SINGING TO SPEAKING: WHY SINGING MAY LEAD TO RECOVERY OF EXPRESSIVE LANGUAGE FUNCTION IN PATIENTS WITH BROCA'S APHASIA |...

FROM SINGING TO SPEAKING: WHY SINGING MAY LEAD TO RECOVERY OF EXPRESSIVE LANGUAGE FUNCTION IN PATIENTS WITH BROCAS APHASIA ... FROM SINGING TO SPEAKING: WHY SINGING MAY LEAD TO RECOVERY OF EXPRESSIVE LANGUAGE FUNCTION IN PATIENTS WITH BROCAS APHASIA ... FROM SINGING TO SPEAKING: WHY SINGING MAY LEAD TO RECOVERY OF EXPRESSIVE LANGUAGE FUNCTION IN PATIENTS WITH BROCAS APHASIA ... FROM SINGING TO SPEAKING: WHY SINGING MAY LEAD TO RECOVERY OF EXPRESSIVE LANGUAGE FUNCTION IN PATIENTS WITH BROCAS APHASIA ...
more infohttp://mp.ucpress.edu/content/25/4/315

Broca s vs wernicke s aphasia - Doctors answer your questionsBroca s vs wernicke s aphasia - Doctors answer your questions

Bensinger on broca s vs wernicke s aphasia: Speech is fluent but often degenerates into random hard to follow "streams of ... Hence there is difficulty in comprehension rather than articulation, hence the term Receptive Aphasia. ... Different: Brocas aphasia is difficulty in expressing speech. Werniches aphasia is difficulty in understanding speech. Thats ... With conductive aphasia comprehension and speech output are intact but one cannot repeat words or sentences. Conductive aphasia ...
more infohttps://www.healthtap.com/topics/broca-s-vs-wernicke-s-aphasia

Community-applied research of a traditional Chinese medicine rehabilitation scheme on Brocas aphasia after stroke: study...Community-applied research of a traditional Chinese medicine rehabilitation scheme on Broca's aphasia after stroke: study...

The aim of the present study is to develop an effective standard therapeutic program for apoplectic aphasia in communities. In ... Primary outcome measures are the differences in the score on both the China rehabilitation research center aphasia examination ... The evidence currently available suggests that the effect of acupuncture combined with language training for apoplectic aphasia ... in the rehabilitation of aphasia patients after stroke, and could be implemented on a large scale, both in China and worldwide ...
more infohttps://0-trialsjournal-biomedcentral-com.brum.beds.ac.uk/articles/10.1186/1745-6215-15-290

Lateralization of brain function - WikipediaLateralization of brain function - Wikipedia

Brocas aphasia[edit]. Brocas aphasia is a specific type of expressive aphasia and is so named due to the aphasia that results ... Thus, the aphasia that develops from the lack of functioning of the Brocas area is an expressive and non-fluent aphasia. It is ... Wernickes aphasia[edit]. Wernickes aphasia is the result of damage to the area of the brain that is commonly in the left ... The motor aspects of speech production deficits caused by damage to Brocas area are known as expressive aphasia. In clinical ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lateralization_of_brain_function

Broca center | definition of Broca center by Medical dictionaryBroca center | definition of Broca center by Medical dictionary

Broca center explanation free. What is Broca center? Meaning of Broca center medical term. What does Broca center mean? ... Looking for online definition of Broca center in the Medical Dictionary? ... motor aphasia. Broca center. Broca area.. Broca circulation. Broca area.. Broca convolution. Broca area.. Broca fissure. The ... Broca aphasia. Motor aphasia.. Broca area. The area of the left hemisphere of the brain at the posterior end of the inferior ...
more infohttps://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/Broca+center

Linguistics 001 -- Lecture 18 -- Brain & LanguageLinguistics 001 -- Lecture 18 -- Brain & Language

Brocas Aphasia and Wernickes Aphasia. As a National Institutes of Health information page says: Brocas aphasia results from ... Brocas aphasia is sometimes called disfluent aphasia or agrammatic aphasia. It is named after Pierre-Paul Broca (1824-1880), a ... Wernickes aphasia is sometimes called sensory aphasia or fluent aphasia. The speech of a Wernickes patient is often a ... Thus Wenickes aphasia is sometimes called a "receptive" aphasia, by distinction with the "production" aphasia of the motor- ...
more infohttp://www.ling.upenn.edu/courses/Fall_2001/ling001/neurology.html

Linguistics 001 -- Lecture 19 -- Brain & LanguageLinguistics 001 -- Lecture 19 -- Brain & Language

Brocas Aphasia and Wernickes Aphasia. As a National Institutes of Health information page says: Brocas aphasia results from ... Brocas aphasia is sometimes called disfluent aphasia or agrammatic aphasia. It is named after Pierre-Paul Broca (1824-1880), a ... Wernickes aphasia is sometimes called sensory aphasia or fluent aphasia. The speech of a Wernickes patient is often a ... Thus Wenickes aphasia is sometimes called a "receptive" aphasia, by distinction with the "production" aphasia of the motor- ...
more infohttps://www.ling.upenn.edu/courses/ling001/neurology.html

Left & Right Brain Exercises | Livestrong.comLeft & Right Brain Exercises | Livestrong.com

Brain Exercises for Brocas Aphasia 2 Effects of Brain Swelling 3 How To Improve Your Right Brain ...
more infohttps://www.livestrong.com/article/111852-left-right-brain-exercises/

Brain Health | Livestrong.comBrain Health | Livestrong.com

Brain Exercises for Brocas Aphasia. Sarah Thompson Exercises to Help a Groin Injury. ...
more infohttps://www.livestrong.com/sscat/brain-health/

Brocas Region - Oxford ScholarshipBroca's Region - Oxford Scholarship

Today, Brocas region is perhaps the most famous part of the human brain, and for over a century, has persisted as the focus of ... Its discoverer, Paul Broca, was one of the first researchers to argue for a direct connection between a concrete behavior-in ... Brocas region is famous for a good reason: As language is one of the most distinctive human traits, the cognitive mechanisms ... Paul Brocas discoveries were an important, driving force behind the more general effort to relate complex behavior to ...
more infohttps://www.oxfordscholarship.com/view/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177640.001.0001/acprof-9780195177640

Final     Flashcards by Joanna Tallini | BrainscapeFinal Flashcards by Joanna Tallini | Brainscape

Brocas aphasia damage to motor images. language comprehension skills are relatively preserved. typical damage to left inferior ... ribbon of tissue that joins the Brocas area with the Wernickes area ...
more infohttps://www.brainscape.com/flashcards/final-6054395/packs/9080395

APHASIA (Example) - MindMeisterAPHASIA (Example) - MindMeister

BROCAS APHASIA, TRANSCORTICAL MOTOR APHASIA, STROKE(CVA), GLOBAL APHASIA, ASSESSMENT OF APHASIA, WERNICKES APHASIA, ... TRANSCORTICAL SENSORY APHASIA, CONDUCTION APHASIA, ANOMIC APHASIA, RHD ANOTHER DISORDER OF LANGUAGE AND COGNITION, TBI ANOTHER ... APHASIA. by Hannah Dempsey 1. BROCAS APHASIA. 1.1. Frontal lobe damage. 1.2. Non-fluent, expressive, motor aphasia. 1.3. ... 2. TRANSCORTICAL MOTOR APHASIA. 2.1. Very similar to symptoms of brocas aphasia. 2.2. Strong repetition and strong oral ...
more infohttps://www.mindmeister.com/211980108/aphasia

Neuroscience for Kids - LanguageNeuroscience for Kids - Language

Damage to Brocas Area. (Brocas aphasia). *prevents a person from producing speech *person can understand language *words are ... More about Aphasia:. *National Aphasia Association *National Institute on Deafness and other Communication Disorders More about ... A quarter century later in 1861, Paul Broca described a patient who could say only one word: "tan." For this reason, Broca ... Damage to the arcuate fasciculus causes a disorder called conduction aphasia. People with conduction aphasia can understand ...
more infohttp://faculty.washington.edu/chudler/lang.html

Neural Networks and Language Recovery in Aphasia From Stroke: fMRI Studies - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.govNeural Networks and Language Recovery in Aphasia From Stroke: fMRI Studies - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov

Aphasia. Aphasia, Broca. Cerebrovascular Disorders. Brain Diseases. Central Nervous System Diseases. Nervous System Diseases. ... Chronic Stroke patients with Nonfluent Aphasia patients with left hemisphere (LH) stroke who have chronic nonfluent aphasia ... Adult Aphasia. Diffusion Tensor Imaging. functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Language Recovery. Left Middle Cerebral Artery ... The Harold Goodglass Aphasia Research Center is a service of the National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication ...
more infohttps://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT00467103?cond=%22Speech+Disorders%22&rank=16

Effects of rTMS Based on Brain Activation During Language Performance in Stroke Patients With Non-fluent Aphasia - Full Text...Effects of rTMS Based on Brain Activation During Language Performance in Stroke Patients With Non-fluent Aphasia - Full Text...

Aphasia. Aphasia, Broca. Cerebrovascular Disorders. Brain Diseases. Central Nervous System Diseases. Nervous System Diseases. ... Effects of rTMS Based on Brain Activation During Language Performance in Stroke Patients With Non-fluent Aphasia. The safety ... Stroke Aphasia Device: High frequency rTMS Device: Low frequency rTMS Not Applicable ... WAB (Western aphasia battery) [ Time Frame: Before rTMS(baseline), after the completion of 10 session of treatment (rTMS+speech ...
more infohttps://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT02556385
  • It usually brings about lower rates of functional recovery, longer rehabilitation length of stay (LOS), and significantly poorer LOS efficiency (LOS-Eff), resulting in higher rehabilitation costs compared to patients without aphasia. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Acupuncture combined with language training is relatively low-cost and especially suitable for community-based rehabilitation for aphasia patients after stroke, taking its medical and health facilities which are always deficient in manpower and material resources into account. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Primary outcome measures are the differences in the score on both the China rehabilitation research center aphasia examination (CRRCAE) and Boston diagnostic aphasia examination - Chinese version (BDAE-C) after intervention and follow-up. (biomedcentral.com)
  • If the outcome is positive, this project will offer a low-cost appropriate technology for community health centers (CHCs) in the rehabilitation of aphasia patients after stroke, and could be implemented on a large scale, both in China and worldwide. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Furthermore, it proves that the occurrence of aphasia has an influence on the direct costs of rehabilitation[ 4 ]. (biomedcentral.com)
  • As a typical traditional Chinese medicine, acupuncture has been applied for thousands of years[ 17 ], and it has been widely used for aphasia rehabilitation in China. (biomedcentral.com)
  • In poststsroke aphasia rehabilitation, repetitive transcranial stimulation (rTMS) studies aimed to reinforce the activity of the brain regions in the left hemisphere. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Often those with aphasia will try to hide their inability to name objects by using words like thing . (wikipedia.org)
  • People with Broca's aphasia are often very aware of their difficulties, and that can lead to high levels of frustration and sometimes depression . (tactustherapy.com)
  • With modern neuroimaging, we now know that the relationship between the area and the aphasia is not as clear as was once thought, but the name remains. (tactustherapy.com)
  • The aim of the present study is to develop an effective standard therapeutic program for apoplectic aphasia in communities. (biomedcentral.com)