A cognitive disorder marked by an impaired ability to comprehend or express language in its written or spoken form. This condition is caused by diseases which affect the language areas of the dominant hemisphere. Clinical features are used to classify the various subtypes of this condition. General categories include receptive, expressive, and mixed forms of aphasia.
A progressive form of dementia characterized by the global loss of language abilities and initial preservation of other cognitive functions. Fluent and nonfluent subtypes have been described. Eventually a pattern of global cognitive dysfunction, similar to ALZHEIMER DISEASE, emerges. Pathologically, there are no Alzheimer or PICK DISEASE like changes, however, spongiform changes of cortical layers II and III are present in the TEMPORAL LOBE and FRONTAL LOBE. (From Brain 1998 Jan;121(Pt 1):115-26)
A language dysfunction characterized by the inability to name people and objects that are correctly perceived. The individual is able to describe the object in question, but cannot provide the name. This condition is associated with lesions of the dominant hemisphere involving the language areas, in particular the TEMPORAL LOBE. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p484)
A type of fluent aphasia characterized by an impaired ability to repeat one and two word phrases, despite retained comprehension. This condition is associated with dominant hemisphere lesions involving the arcuate fasciculus (a white matter projection between Broca's and Wernicke's areas) and adjacent structures. Like patients with Wernicke aphasia (APHASIA, WERNICKE), patients with conduction aphasia are fluent but commit paraphasic errors during attempts at written and oral forms of communication. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p482; Brain & Bannister, Clinical Neurology, 7th ed, p142; Kandel et al., Principles of Neural Science, 3d ed, p848)
A form of frontotemporal lobar degeneration and a progressive form of dementia characterized by motor speech impairment and AGRAMMATISM, with relative sparing of single word comprehension and semantic memory.
Tests designed to assess language behavior and abilities. They include tests of vocabulary, comprehension, grammar and functional use of language, e.g., Development Sentence Scoring, Receptive-Expressive Emergent Language Scale, Parsons Language Sample, Utah Test of Language Development, Michigan Language Inventory and Verbal Language Development Scale, Illinois Test of Psycholinguistic Abilities, Northwestern Syntax Screening Test, Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test, Ammons Full-Range Picture Vocabulary Test, and Assessment of Children's Language Comprehension.
Treatment for individuals with speech defects and disorders that involves counseling and use of various exercises and aids to help the development of new speech habits.
Rehabilitation of persons with language disorders or training of children with language development disorders.
Loss or impairment of the ability to write (letters, syllables, words, or phrases) due to an injury to a specific cerebral area or occasionally due to emotional factors. This condition rarely occurs in isolation, and often accompanies APHASIA. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p485; APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 1994)
A group of cognitive disorders characterized by the inability to perform previously learned skills that cannot be attributed to deficits of motor or sensory function. The two major subtypes of this condition are ideomotor (see APRAXIA, IDEOMOTOR) and ideational apraxia, which refers to loss of the ability to mentally formulate the processes involved with performing an action. For example, dressing apraxia may result from an inability to mentally formulate the act of placing clothes on the body. Apraxias are generally associated with lesions of the dominant PARIETAL LOBE and supramarginal gyrus. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp56-7)
The relationships between symbols and their meanings.
A verbal or nonverbal means of communicating ideas or feelings.
Communication through a system of conventional vocal symbols.
Conditions characterized by deficiencies of comprehension or expression of written and spoken forms of language. These include acquired and developmental disorders.
Tests designed to assess neurological function associated with certain behaviors. They are used in diagnosing brain dysfunction or damage and central nervous system disorders or injury.
A receptive visual aphasia characterized by the loss of a previously possessed ability to comprehend the meaning or significance of handwritten words, despite intact vision. This condition may be associated with posterior cerebral artery infarction (INFARCTION, POSTERIOR CEREBRAL ARTERY) and other BRAIN DISEASES.
Measurement of parameters of the speech product such as vocal tone, loudness, pitch, voice quality, articulation, resonance, phonation, phonetic structure and prosody.
The science of language, including phonetics, phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics, pragmatics, and historical linguistics. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.
A group of pathological conditions characterized by sudden, non-convulsive loss of neurological function due to BRAIN ISCHEMIA or INTRACRANIAL HEMORRHAGES. Stroke is classified by the type of tissue NECROSIS, such as the anatomic location, vasculature involved, etiology, age of the affected individual, and hemorrhagic vs. non-hemorrhagic nature. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp777-810)
A form of apraxia characterized by an acquired inability to carry out a complex motor activity despite the ability to mentally formulate the action. This condition has been attributed to a disruption of connections between the dominant parietal cortex and supplementary and premotor cortical regions in both hemispheres. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p57)
Personal names, given or surname, as cultural characteristics, as ethnological or religious patterns, as indications of the geographic distribution of families and inbreeding, etc. Analysis of isonymy, the quality of having the same or similar names, is useful in the study of population genetics. NAMES is used also for the history of names or name changes of corporate bodies, such as medical societies, universities, hospitals, government agencies, etc.
Includes both producing and responding to words, either written or spoken.
Acquired or developmental conditions marked by an impaired ability to comprehend or generate spoken forms of language.
The study of speech or language disorders and their diagnosis and correction.
The act or fact of grasping the meaning, nature, or importance of; understanding. (American Heritage Dictionary, 4th ed) Includes understanding by a patient or research subject of information disclosed orally or in writing.
Heterogeneous group of neurodegenerative disorders characterized by frontal and temporal lobe atrophy associated with neuronal loss, gliosis, and dementia. Patients exhibit progressive changes in social, behavioral, and/or language function. Multiple subtypes or forms are recognized based on presence or absence of TAU PROTEIN inclusions. FTLD includes three clinical syndromes: FRONTOTEMPORAL DEMENTIA, semantic dementia, and PRIMARY PROGRESSIVE NONFLUENT APHASIA.
Decrease in the size of a cell, tissue, organ, or multiple organs, associated with a variety of pathological conditions such as abnormal cellular changes, ischemia, malnutrition, or hormonal changes.
The most common clinical form of FRONTOTEMPORAL LOBAR DEGENERATION, this dementia presents with personality and behavioral changes often associated with disinhibition, apathy, and lack of insight.
Lower lateral part of the cerebral hemisphere responsible for auditory, olfactory, and semantic processing. It is located inferior to the lateral fissure and anterior to the OCCIPITAL LOBE.
A discipline concerned with relations between messages and the characteristics of individuals who select and interpret them; it deals directly with the processes of encoding (phonetics) and decoding (psychoacoustics) as they relate states of messages to states of communicators.
Disorders of speech articulation caused by imperfect coordination of pharynx, larynx, tongue, or face muscles. This may result from CRANIAL NERVE DISEASES; NEUROMUSCULAR DISEASES; CEREBELLAR DISEASES; BASAL GANGLIA DISEASES; BRAIN STEM diseases; or diseases of the corticobulbar tracts (see PYRAMIDAL TRACTS). The cortical language centers are intact in this condition. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p489)
Dominance of one cerebral hemisphere over the other in cerebral functions.
The part of the cerebral hemisphere anterior to the central sulcus, and anterior and superior to the lateral sulcus.
The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.
Behavioral manifestations of cerebral dominance in which there is preferential use and superior functioning of either the left or the right side, as in the preferred use of the right hand or right foot.
Imaging techniques used to colocalize sites of brain functions or physiological activity with brain structures.
Equipment that provides mentally or physically disabled persons with a means of communication. The aids include display boards, typewriters, cathode ray tubes, computers, and speech synthesizers. The output of such aids includes written words, artificial speech, language signs, Morse code, and pictures.
Disorders of the centrally located thalamus, which integrates a wide range of cortical and subcortical information. Manifestations include sensory loss, MOVEMENT DISORDERS; ATAXIA, pain syndromes, visual disorders, a variety of neuropsychological conditions, and COMA. Relatively common etiologies include CEREBROVASCULAR DISORDERS; CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA; BRAIN NEOPLASMS; BRAIN HYPOXIA; INTRACRANIAL HEMORRHAGES; and infectious processes.
Loss of the ability to comprehend the meaning or recognize the importance of various forms of stimulation that cannot be attributed to impairment of a primary sensory modality. Tactile agnosia is characterized by an inability to perceive the shape and nature of an object by touch alone, despite unimpaired sensation to light touch, position, and other primary sensory modalities.
A disturbance in the normal fluency and time patterning of speech that is inappropriate for the individual's age. This disturbance is characterized by frequent repetitions or prolongations of sounds or syllables. Various other types of speech dysfluencies may also be involved including interjections, broken words, audible or silent blocking, circumlocutions, words produced with an excess of physical tension, and monosyllabic whole word repetitions. Stuttering may occur as a developmental condition in childhood or as an acquired disorder which may be associated with BRAIN INFARCTIONS and other BRAIN DISEASES. (From DSM-IV, 1994)

Mechanisms of recovery from aphasia: evidence from positron emission tomography studies. (1/519)

OBJECTIVES: Language functions comprise a distributed neural system, largely lateralised to the left cerebral hemisphere. Late recovery from aphasia after a focal lesion, other than by behavioural strategies, has been attributed to one of two changes at a systems level: a laterality shift, with mirror region cortex in the contralateral cortex assuming the function(s) of the damaged region; or a partial lesion effect, with recovery of perilesional tissue to support impaired language functions. Functional neuroimaging with PET allows direct observations of brain functions at systems level. This study used PET to compare regional brain activations in response to a word retrieval task in normal subjects and in aphasic patients who had shown at least some recovery and were able to attempt the task. Emphasis has been placed on single subject analysis of the results as there is no reason to assume that the mechanisms of recovery are necessarily uniform among aphasic patients. METHODS: Six right handed aphasic patients, each with a left cerebral hemispheric lesion (five strokes and one glioma), were studied. Criteria for inclusion were symptomatic or formal test evidence of at least some recovery and an ability to attempt word retrieval in response to heard word cues. Each patient underwent 12 PET scans using oxygen-15 labelled water (H2(15)O) as tracer to index regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF). The task, repeated six times, required the patient to think of verbs appropriate to different lists of heard noun cues. The six scans obtained during word retrieval were contrasted with six made while the subject was "at rest". The patients' individual results were compared with those of nine right handed normal volunteers undergoing the same activation study. The data were analysed using statistical parametric mapping (SPM96, Wellcome Department of Cognitive Neurology, London, UK). RESULTS: Perception of the noun cues would be expected to result in bilateral dorsolateral temporal cortical activations, but as the rate of presentation was only four per minute the auditory perceptual activations were not evident in all people. Anterior cingulate, medial premotor (supplementary speech area) and dorsolateral frontal activations were evident in all normal subjects and patients. There were limited right dorsolateral frontal activations in three of the six patients, but a similar pattern was also found in four of the nine normal subjects. In the left inferolateral temporal cortex, activation was found for the normal subjects and five of the six patients, including two of the three subjects with lesions involving the left temporal lobe. The only patient who showed subthreshold activation in the left inferolateral temporal activation had a very high error rate when performing the verb retrieval task. CONCLUSIONS: The normal subjects showed a left lateralised inferolateral temporal activation, reflecting retrieval of words appropriate in meaning to the cue from the semantic system. Lateralisation of frontal activations to the left was only relative, with right prefrontal involvement in half of the normal subjects. Frontal activations are associated with parallel psychological processes involved in word retrieval, including task initiation, short term (working) memory for the cue and responses, and prearticulatory processes (even though no overt articulation was required). There was little evidence of a laterality shift of word retrieval functions to the right temporal lobe after a left hemispheric lesion. In particular, left inferolateral temporal activation was seen in all patients except one, and he proved to be very inefficient at the task. The results provide indirect evidence that even limited salvage of peri-infarct tissue with acute stroke treatments will have an important impact on the rehabilitation of cognitive functions.  (+info)

Global aphasia without hemiparesis: language profiles and lesion distribution. (2/519)

OBJECTIVES: Global aphasia without hemiparesis (GAWH) is an uncommon stroke syndrome involving receptive and expressive language impairment, without the hemiparesis typically manifested by patients with global aphasia after large left perisylvian lesions. A few cases of GAWH have been reported with conflicting conclusions regarding pathogenesis, lesion localisation, and recovery. The current study was conducted to attempt to clarify these issues. METHODS: Ten cases of GAWH were prospectively studied with language profiles and lesion analysis; five patients had multiple lesions, four patients had a single lesion, and one had a subarachnoid haemorrhage. Eight patients met criteria for cardioembolic ischaemic stroke. RESULTS: Cluster analysis based on acute language profiles disclosed three subtypes of patients with GAWH; these clusters persisted on follow up language assessment. Each cluster evolved into a different aphasia subtype: persistent GAWH, Wernicke's aphasia, or transcortical motor aphasia (TCM). Composite lesion analysis showed that persistent GAWH was related to lesioning of the left superior temporal gyrus. Patients with acute GAWH who evolved into TCM type aphasia had common lesioning of the left inferior frontal gyrus and adjacent subcortical white matter. Patients with acute GAWH who evolved into Wernicke's type aphasia were characterised by lesioning of the left precentral and postcentral gyri. Recovery of language was poor in all but one patient. CONCLUSIONS: Although patients with acute GAWH are similar on neurological examination, they are heterogeneous with respect to early aphasia profile, language recovery, and lesion profile.  (+info)

Conduction aphasia elicited by stimulation of the left posterior superior temporal gyrus. (3/519)

OBJECTIVE: Disruption of fascicular tracts that connect Wernicke's to Broca's areas is the classic mechanism of conduction aphasia. Later work has emphasised cortical mechanisms. METHODS: To determine the distribution of language on dominant cortex, electrical cortical stimulation was performed using implanted subdural electrodes during brain mapping before epilepsy surgery. RESULTS: A transient, isolated deficit in repetition was elicited with stimulation of the posterior portion of the dominant superior temporal gyrus. CONCLUSION: This finding suggests that cortical dysfunction, not just white matter disruption, can induce conduction aphasia.  (+info)

Aphasic disorder in patients with closed head injury. (4/519)

Quantitative assessment of 50 patients with closed head injury disclosed that anomic errors and word finding difficulty were prominent sequelae as nearly half of the series had defective scores on tests of naming and/or word association. Aphasic disturbance was associated with severity of brain injury as reflected by prolonged coma and injury of the brain stem.  (+info)

Impaired dexterity of the ipsilateral hand after stroke and the relationship to cognitive deficit. (5/519)

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Previous research has reported impaired hand function on the "unaffected" side after stroke, but its incidence, origins, and impact on rehabilitation remain unclear. This study investigated whether impairment of ipsilateral dexterity is common early after middle cerebral artery stroke and explored the relationship to cognitive deficit. METHODS: Thirty patients within 1 month of an infarct involving the parietal or posterior frontal lobe (15 left and 15 right hemisphere) used the ipsilateral hand in tests that simulated everyday hand functions. Performance was compared with that of healthy age-matched controls using the same hand. Standardized tests were used to assess apraxia, visuospatial ability, and aphasia. RESULTS: All patients were able to complete the dexterity tests, but video analysis showed that performance was slow and clumsy compared with that of controls (P<0.001). Impairment was most severe after left hemisphere damage, and apraxia was a strong correlate of increased dexterity errors (P<0.01), whereas reduced ipsilateral grip strength correlated with slowing (P<0.05). The pattern of performance was different for patients with right hemisphere damage. Here there was no correlation between grip strength and slowing, while dexterity errors appeared to be due to visuospatial problems. CONCLUSIONS: Subtle impairments in dexterity of the ipsilateral hand are common within 1 month of stroke. Ipsilateral sensorimotor losses may contribute to these impairments, but the major factor appears to be the presence of cognitive deficits affecting perception and control of action. The nature of these deficits varies with side of brain damage. The effect of impaired dexterity on functional outcome is not yet known.  (+info)

Language related brain potentials in patients with cortical and subcortical left hemisphere lesions. (6/519)

The role of the basal ganglia in language processing is currently a matter of discussion. Therefore, patients with left frontal cortical and subcortical lesions involving the basal ganglia as well as normal controls were tested in a language comprehension paradigm. Semantically incorrect, syntactically incorrect and correct sentences were presented auditorily. Subjects were required to listen to the sentences and to judge whether the sentence heard was correct or not. Event-related potentials and reaction times were recorded while subjects heard the sentences. Three different components correlated with different language processes were considered: the so-called N400 assumed to reflect processes of semantic integration; the early left anterior negativity hypothesized to reflect processes of initial syntactic structure building; and a late positivity (P600) taken to reflect second-pass processes including re-analysis and repair. Normal participants showed the expected N400 component for semantically incorrect sentences and an early anterior negativity followed by a P600 for syntactically incorrect sentences. Patients with left frontal cortical lesions displayed an attenuated N400 component in the semantic condition. In the syntactic condition only a late positivity was observed. Patients with lesions of the basal ganglia, in contrast, showed an N400 to semantic violations and an early anterior negativity as well as a P600 to syntactic violations, comparable to normal controls. Under the assumption that the early anterior negativity reflects automatic first-pass parsing processes and the P600 component more controlled second-pass parsing processes, the present results suggest that the left frontal cortex might support early parsing processes, and that specific regions of the basal ganglia, in contrast, may not be crucial for early parsing processes during sentence comprehension.  (+info)

Improving outcomes for persons with aphasia in advanced community-based treatment programs. (7/519)

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Studies have yet to document that community-based aphasia treatment programs routinely produce results comparable or superior to published research protocols. We explore this issue here in an outcome study of individuals with aphasia enrolled in 2 community-based, comparably managed and equipped therapy programs, which use a specially designed computer-based tool that is employed therapeutically in adherence to an extensive, detailed, and formally trained patient care algorithm. METHODS: Patients (n=60) were assessed before and after treatment with standardized instruments at both the impairment and the disability levels. Pretreatment and posttreatment means were calculated and compared, with statistical significance of differences established with the use of 1-tailed matched t tests. One-way ANOVAs were used to analyze the comparability of patient performance changes among various subgroups, eg, patients in acute versus chronic stages of aphasia, patients by aphasia diagnostic type at start of care, patients by severity level at start of care, and patients by treatment location. RESULTS: Analysis shows that patients spanned a wide range of aphasia diagnostic types, impairment severity levels at start of care, and times after onset. Patients' mean performance scores improved significantly in response to treatment in all measures assessed at both the impairment level and the functional communication level. Mean overall improvements ranged from 6.6% to 19.8%, with statistical significance ranging from P=0.0006 to P<0.0001. ANOVAs revealed no significant differences between improvements in patients in the acute versus chronic stages of aphasia, between those at different impairment severity levels at start of care, between those treated at different locations, or, at the functional level, between those with different diagnostic types of aphasia at start of care. CONCLUSIONS: Measures of both language impairment and functional communication can be broadly, positively, and significantly influenced by therapy services that are delivered to persons with aphasia in these community-based programs. The significant improvements are shown to be available to individuals with chronic as well as acute aphasia and independent of diagnostic type of aphasia, impairment severity at start of care, or geographic program location.  (+info)

Poststroke depression correlates with cognitive impairment and neurological deficits. (8/519)

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The prevalence of poststroke depression is known to be high, but the knowledge of its neuropsychological correlates is limited. This 12-month prospective study was designed to evaluate the natural history of poststroke depression and to study its neuropsychological, clinical, and functional associates. METHODS: We studied a series of 106 consecutive patients (46 women and 60 men, mean age 65.8 years) with acute first-ever ischemic stroke. The patients underwent a neurological, psychiatric, and neuropsychological examination at 3 and 12 months after the stroke. The psychiatric diagnosis of depression was based on DSM-III-R-criteria. RESULTS: Depression was diagnosed in 53% of the patients at 3 months and in 42% of the patients at 12 months after the stroke. The prevalence of major depression was 9% at 3 months and 16% at 12 months. There was an association between poststroke depression and cognitive impairment; the domains most likely to be defective in stroke-related depression were memory (P=0.022), nonverbal problem solving (P=0.039), and attention and psychomotor speed (P=0.020). The presence of dysphasia increased the risk of major depression. The depressive patients were more dependent in ADL and had more severe impairment and handicap than the nondepressive patients. CONCLUSIONS: More than half of the patients suffer from depression after stroke, and the frequency of major depression seems to increase during the first year. In addition to dysphasia, poststroke depression is correlated with other cognitive deficits. We emphasize the importance of psychiatric evaluation of stroke patients.  (+info)

Aphasia is a medical condition that affects a person's ability to communicate. It is caused by damage to the language areas of the brain, most commonly as a result of a stroke or head injury. Aphasia can affect both spoken and written language, making it difficult for individuals to express their thoughts, understand speech, read, or write.

There are several types of aphasia, including:

1. Expressive aphasia (also called Broca's aphasia): This type of aphasia affects a person's ability to speak and write clearly. Individuals with expressive aphasia know what they want to say but have difficulty forming the words or sentences to communicate their thoughts.
2. Receptive aphasia (also called Wernicke's aphasia): This type of aphasia affects a person's ability to understand spoken or written language. Individuals with receptive aphasia may struggle to follow conversations, comprehend written texts, or make sense of the words they hear or read.
3. Global aphasia: This is the most severe form of aphasia and results from extensive damage to the language areas of the brain. People with global aphasia have significant impairments in both their ability to express themselves and understand language.
4. Anomic aphasia: This type of aphasia affects a person's ability to recall the names of objects, people, or places. Individuals with anomic aphasia can speak in complete sentences but often struggle to find the right words to convey their thoughts.

Treatment for aphasia typically involves speech and language therapy, which aims to help individuals regain as much communication ability as possible. The success of treatment depends on various factors, such as the severity and location of the brain injury, the individual's motivation and effort, and the availability of support from family members and caregivers.

Primary Progressive Aphasia (PPA) is a neurological disorder characterized by progressive loss of language capabilities, while other cognitive abilities remain preserved. It is a type of dementia that primarily affects speech and language. Unlike other forms of aphasia that result from stroke or head injury, PPA is degenerative and gets worse over time.

There are three main types of PPA:

1. Semantic Variant PPA (svPPA): This type is characterized by difficulty in understanding words and objects, despite having no trouble with the mechanics of speech or writing. Over time, people with svPPA may lose their ability to understand spoken or written language, as well as to recognize objects and faces.

2. Nonfluent/Agrammatic Variant PPA (nfvPPA): This type is characterized by difficulty with speaking and writing, including producing grammatical sentences and articulating words. People with nfvPPA may also have problems with understanding spoken language, particularly when it comes to complex sentences or ambiguous phrases.

3. Logopenic Variant PPA (lvPPA): This type is characterized by difficulty with word-finding and sentence repetition, while speech remains fluent. People with lvPPA may also have problems with understanding spoken language, particularly when it comes to complex sentences or ambiguous phrases.

The exact cause of PPA is not known, but it is believed to be related to degeneration of specific areas of the brain involved in language processing, such as Broca's area and Wernicke's area. There is currently no cure for PPA, but speech and language therapy can help to slow down the progression of the disorder and improve communication skills.

Anomia is a language disorder that affects a person's ability to name objects, places, or people. It is often caused by damage to the brain, such as from a stroke, brain injury, or neurological condition. In anomia, a person has difficulty retrieving words from their memory, and may substitute similar-sounding words, describe the object instead of naming it, or be unable to come up with a name at all. Anomia can range from mild to severe and can significantly impact a person's ability to communicate effectively.

Conduction aphasia is a type of aphasia that is characterized by an impairment in the ability to repeat spoken or written words, despite having intact comprehension and production abilities. It is caused by damage to specific areas of the brain, typically in the left hemisphere, that are involved in language repetition and transmission.

Individuals with conduction aphasia may have difficulty repeating sentences or phrases, but they can usually understand spoken and written language and produce speech relatively well. They may also make phonological errors (substituting, adding, or omitting sounds) when speaking, particularly in more complex words or sentences.

Conduction aphasia is often caused by stroke or other types of brain injury, and it can range from mild to severe in terms of its impact on communication abilities. Treatment typically involves speech-language therapy to help individuals improve their language skills and compensate for any remaining deficits.

Primary Progressive Nonfluent Aphasia (PPNA) is a rare type of dementia that primarily affects language abilities. According to the National Aphasia Association, it is characterized by progressive difficulty with speaking and writing, while comprehension of single words and object knowledge remains relatively intact. The "nonfluent" descriptor refers to the hesitant, effortful, and halting speech pattern observed in individuals with this condition.

The Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) term provided by the National Library of Medicine defines PPNA as:

"A progressive aphasia characterized by agrammatism and/or anomia with relatively preserved single word comprehension and object knowledge. This condition often, but not always, begins between the sixth and seventh decades of life. As the disorder progresses, it may be accompanied by ideomotor apraxia, alien hand syndrome, and elements of corticobasal degeneration."

It is important to note that PPNA is a clinical diagnosis, and there are currently no established biomarkers or imaging techniques to definitively diagnose this condition. The underlying neuropathology may vary between individuals with PPNA, but the most common causes include frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD) and corticobasal degeneration (CBD).

A language test is not a medical term per se, but it is commonly used in the field of speech-language pathology, which is a medical discipline. A language test, in this context, refers to an assessment tool used by speech-language pathologists to evaluate an individual's language abilities. These tests typically measure various aspects of language, including vocabulary, grammar, syntax, semantics, and pragmatics.

Language tests can be standardized or non-standardized and may be administered individually or in a group setting. The results of these tests help speech-language pathologists diagnose language disorders, develop treatment plans, and monitor progress over time. It is important to note that language testing should be conducted by a qualified professional who has experience in administering and interpreting language assessments.

Speech Therapy, also known as Speech-Language Pathology, is a medical field that focuses on the assessment, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of communication and swallowing disorders in children and adults. These disorders may include speech sound production difficulties (articulation disorders or phonological processes disorders), language disorders (expressive and/or receptive language impairments), voice disorders, fluency disorders (stuttering), cognitive-communication disorders, and swallowing difficulties (dysphagia).

Speech therapists, who are also called speech-language pathologists (SLPs), work with clients to improve their communication abilities through various therapeutic techniques and exercises. They may also provide counseling and education to families and caregivers to help them support the client's communication development and management of the disorder.

Speech therapy services can be provided in a variety of settings, including hospitals, clinics, schools, private practices, and long-term care facilities. The specific goals and methods used in speech therapy will depend on the individual needs and abilities of each client.

Language therapy, also known as speech-language therapy, is a type of treatment aimed at improving an individual's communication and swallowing abilities. Speech-language pathologists (SLPs) or therapists provide this therapy to assess, diagnose, and treat a wide range of communication and swallowing disorders that can occur in people of all ages, from infants to the elderly.

Language therapy may involve working on various skills such as:

1. Expressive language: Improving the ability to express thoughts, needs, wants, and ideas through verbal, written, or other symbolic systems.
2. Receptive language: Enhancing the understanding of spoken or written language, including following directions and comprehending conversations.
3. Pragmatic or social language: Developing appropriate use of language in various social situations, such as turn-taking, topic maintenance, and making inferences.
4. Articulation and phonology: Correcting speech sound errors and improving overall speech clarity.
5. Voice and fluency: Addressing issues related to voice quality, volume, and pitch, as well as stuttering or stammering.
6. Literacy: Improving reading, writing, and spelling skills.
7. Swallowing: Evaluating and treating swallowing disorders (dysphagia) to ensure safe and efficient eating and drinking.

Language therapy often involves a combination of techniques, including exercises, drills, conversation practice, and the use of various therapeutic materials and technology. The goal of language therapy is to help individuals with communication disorders achieve optimal functional communication and swallowing abilities in their daily lives.

Agraphia is a neurological disorder that affects the ability to write, either by hand or through mechanical means like typing. It is often caused by damage to specific areas of the brain involved in language and writing skills, such as the left parietal lobe. Agraphia can manifest as difficulty with spelling, forming letters or words, organizing thoughts on paper, or expressing ideas in writing. Depending on the severity and location of the brain injury, agraphia may occur in isolation or alongside other language or cognitive impairments.

Apraxia is a motor disorder characterized by the inability to perform learned, purposeful movements despite having the physical ability and mental understanding to do so. It is not caused by weakness, paralysis, or sensory loss, and it is not due to poor comprehension or motivation.

There are several types of apraxias, including:

1. Limb-Kinematic Apraxia: This type affects the ability to make precise movements with the limbs, such as using tools or performing complex gestures.
2. Ideomotor Apraxia: In this form, individuals have difficulty executing learned motor actions in response to verbal commands or visual cues, but they can still perform the same action when given the actual object to use.
3. Ideational Apraxia: This type affects the ability to sequence and coordinate multiple steps of a complex action, such as dressing oneself or making coffee.
4. Oral Apraxia: Also known as verbal apraxia, this form affects the ability to plan and execute speech movements, leading to difficulties with articulation and speech production.
5. Constructional Apraxia: This type impairs the ability to draw, copy, or construct geometric forms and shapes, often due to visuospatial processing issues.

Apraxias can result from various neurological conditions, such as stroke, brain injury, dementia, or neurodegenerative diseases like Parkinson's disease and Alzheimer's disease. Treatment typically involves rehabilitation and therapy focused on retraining the affected movements and compensating for any residual deficits.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "semantics" is not a term that has a specific medical definition. Semantics is actually a branch of linguistics that deals with the study of meaning, reference, and the interpretation of signs and symbols, either individually or in combination. It is used in various fields including computer science, anthropology, psychology, and philosophy.

However, if you have any medical terms or concepts that you would like me to explain, I'd be happy to help!

In the context of medicine, particularly in neurolinguistics and speech-language pathology, language is defined as a complex system of communication that involves the use of symbols (such as words, signs, or gestures) to express and exchange information. It includes various components such as phonology (sound systems), morphology (word structures), syntax (sentence structure), semantics (meaning), and pragmatics (social rules of use). Language allows individuals to convey their thoughts, feelings, and intentions, and to understand the communication of others. Disorders of language can result from damage to specific areas of the brain, leading to impairments in comprehension, production, or both.

Speech is the vocalized form of communication using sounds and words to express thoughts, ideas, and feelings. It involves the articulation of sounds through the movement of muscles in the mouth, tongue, and throat, which are controlled by nerves. Speech also requires respiratory support, phonation (vocal cord vibration), and prosody (rhythm, stress, and intonation).

Speech is a complex process that develops over time in children, typically beginning with cooing and babbling sounds in infancy and progressing to the use of words and sentences by around 18-24 months. Speech disorders can affect any aspect of this process, including articulation, fluency, voice, and language.

In a medical context, speech is often evaluated and treated by speech-language pathologists who specialize in diagnosing and managing communication disorders.

Language disorders, also known as communication disorders, refer to a group of conditions that affect an individual's ability to understand or produce spoken, written, or other symbolic language. These disorders can be receptive (difficulty understanding language), expressive (difficulty producing language), or mixed (a combination of both).

Language disorders can manifest as difficulties with grammar, vocabulary, sentence structure, and coherence in communication. They can also affect social communication skills such as taking turns in conversation, understanding nonverbal cues, and interpreting tone of voice.

Language disorders can be developmental, meaning they are present from birth or early childhood, or acquired, meaning they develop later in life due to injury, illness, or trauma. Examples of acquired language disorders include aphasia, which can result from stroke or brain injury, and dysarthria, which can result from neurological conditions affecting speech muscles.

Language disorders can have significant impacts on an individual's academic, social, and vocational functioning, making it important to diagnose and treat them as early as possible. Treatment typically involves speech-language therapy to help individuals develop and improve their language skills.

Neuropsychological tests are a type of psychological assessment that measures cognitive functions, such as attention, memory, language, problem-solving, and perception. These tests are used to help diagnose and understand the cognitive impact of neurological conditions, including dementia, traumatic brain injury, stroke, Parkinson's disease, and other disorders that affect the brain.

The tests are typically administered by a trained neuropsychologist and can take several hours to complete. They may involve paper-and-pencil tasks, computerized tasks, or interactive activities. The results of the tests are compared to normative data to help identify any areas of cognitive weakness or strength.

Neuropsychological testing can provide valuable information for treatment planning, rehabilitation, and assessing response to treatment. It can also be used in research to better understand the neural basis of cognition and the impact of neurological conditions on cognitive function.

Acquired dyslexia, also known as "alexia" or "word blindness," is a medical condition that affects an individual's ability to understand written language despite having normal intelligence and education. It is characterized by a sudden loss of the ability to read, following damage to specific areas of the brain responsible for visual processing and language comprehension, such as the left occipitotemporal cortex.

Unlike developmental dyslexia, which is present from birth or early childhood, acquired dyslexia occurs later in life due to brain injury, stroke, infection, tumor, or other neurological conditions that damage the language and visual processing areas of the brain. Individuals with acquired dyslexia may have difficulty recognizing words, letters, or symbols, despite having intact hearing and speaking abilities.

Treatment for acquired dyslexia typically involves rehabilitation and compensation strategies to help the individual regain their reading skills or develop alternative ways to process written language. Speech-language therapy, occupational therapy, and assistive technology may be used as part of a comprehensive treatment plan.

Speech production measurement is the quantitative analysis and assessment of various parameters and characteristics of spoken language, such as speech rate, intensity, duration, pitch, and articulation. These measurements can be used to diagnose and monitor speech disorders, evaluate the effectiveness of treatment, and conduct research in fields such as linguistics, psychology, and communication disorders. Speech production measurement tools may include specialized software, hardware, and techniques for recording, analyzing, and visualizing speech data.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "linguistics" is not a term that has a medical definition. Lingustics is the scientific study of language and its structure. It involves analysing language form, language meaning, and language in context.

If you have any questions related to healthcare or medicine, I'd be happy to try to help answer them!

Medical Definition:

Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) is a non-invasive diagnostic imaging technique that uses a strong magnetic field and radio waves to create detailed cross-sectional or three-dimensional images of the internal structures of the body. The patient lies within a large, cylindrical magnet, and the scanner detects changes in the direction of the magnetic field caused by protons in the body. These changes are then converted into detailed images that help medical professionals to diagnose and monitor various medical conditions, such as tumors, injuries, or diseases affecting the brain, spinal cord, heart, blood vessels, joints, and other internal organs. MRI does not use radiation like computed tomography (CT) scans.

A stroke, also known as cerebrovascular accident (CVA), is a serious medical condition that occurs when the blood supply to part of the brain is interrupted or reduced, leading to deprivation of oxygen and nutrients to brain cells. This can result in the death of brain tissue and cause permanent damage or temporary impairment to cognitive functions, speech, memory, movement, and other body functions controlled by the affected area of the brain.

Strokes can be caused by either a blockage in an artery that supplies blood to the brain (ischemic stroke) or the rupture of a blood vessel in the brain (hemorrhagic stroke). A transient ischemic attack (TIA), also known as a "mini-stroke," is a temporary disruption of blood flow to the brain that lasts only a few minutes and does not cause permanent damage.

Symptoms of a stroke may include sudden weakness or numbness in the face, arm, or leg; difficulty speaking or understanding speech; vision problems; loss of balance or coordination; severe headache with no known cause; and confusion or disorientation. Immediate medical attention is crucial for stroke patients to receive appropriate treatment and prevent long-term complications.

Ideomotor apraxia is a neurological disorder that affects the ability to perform learned, purposeful movements in the absence of muscle weakness or paralysis. It results from damage to specific areas of the brain that are responsible for motor planning and execution.

In ideomotor apraxia, the person has difficulty translating an intention or idea into the appropriate movement. For example, if asked to pantomime using a toothbrush, they may not be able to recall and execute the correct sequence of movements required for this task, even though they understand what is being asked of them and have no problem moving their arm or hand.

This disorder can manifest as awkward, poorly coordinated, or incomplete movements, often with inconsistent errors. Ideomotor apraxia is typically seen following lesions to the left hemisphere of the brain, particularly in regions associated with language and motor function, such as Broca's area and the parietal lobe. Treatment usually involves occupational therapy and strategies to help compensate for the impaired motor skills.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "names" is not a medical term that can be defined in a biological or clinical context. If you have any questions about medical terminology or concepts, I would be happy to try and help! Please provide more information or clarify your question.

In the context of medical and clinical psychology, particularly in the field of applied behavior analysis (ABA), "verbal behavior" is a term used to describe the various functions or purposes of spoken language. It was first introduced by the psychologist B.F. Skinner in his 1957 book "Verbal Behavior."

Skinner proposed that verbal behavior could be classified into several categories based on its function, including:

1. Mand: A verbal operant in which a person requests or demands something from another person. For example, saying "I would like a glass of water" is a mand.
2. Tact: A verbal operant in which a person describes or labels something in their environment. For example, saying "That's a red apple" is a tact.
3. Echoic: A verbal operant in which a person repeats or imitates what they have heard. For example, saying "Hello" after someone says hello to you is an echoic.
4. Intraverbal: A verbal operant in which a person responds to another person's verbal behavior with their own verbal behavior, without simply repeating or imitating what they have heard. For example, answering a question like "What's the capital of France?" is an intraverbal.
5. Textual: A verbal operant in which a person reads or writes text. For example, reading a book or writing a letter are textual.

Understanding the function of verbal behavior can be helpful in assessing and treating communication disorders, such as those seen in autism spectrum disorder (ASD). By identifying the specific functions of a child's verbal behavior, therapists can develop targeted interventions to help them communicate more effectively.

Speech disorders refer to a group of conditions in which a person has difficulty producing or articulating sounds, words, or sentences in a way that is understandable to others. These disorders can be caused by various factors such as developmental delays, neurological conditions, hearing loss, structural abnormalities, or emotional issues.

Speech disorders may include difficulties with:

* Articulation: the ability to produce sounds correctly and clearly.
* Phonology: the sound system of language, including the rules that govern how sounds are combined and used in words.
* Fluency: the smoothness and flow of speech, including issues such as stuttering or cluttering.
* Voice: the quality, pitch, and volume of the spoken voice.
* Resonance: the way sound is produced and carried through the vocal tract, which can affect the clarity and quality of speech.

Speech disorders can impact a person's ability to communicate effectively, leading to difficulties in social situations, academic performance, and even employment opportunities. Speech-language pathologists are trained to evaluate and treat speech disorders using various evidence-based techniques and interventions.

Speech-Language Pathology is a branch of healthcare that deals with the evaluation, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of communication disorders, speech difficulties, and swallowing problems. Speech-language pathologists (SLPs), also known as speech therapists, are professionals trained to assess and help manage these issues. They work with individuals of all ages, from young children who may be delayed in their speech and language development, to adults who have communication or swallowing difficulties due to stroke, brain injury, neurological disorders, or other conditions. Treatment may involve various techniques and technologies to improve communication and swallowing abilities, and may also include counseling and education for patients and their families.

Comprehension, in a medical context, usually refers to the ability to understand and interpret spoken or written language, as well as gestures and expressions. It is a key component of communication and cognitive functioning. Difficulties with comprehension can be a symptom of various neurological conditions, such as aphasia (a disorder caused by damage to the language areas of the brain), learning disabilities, or dementia. Assessment of comprehension is often part of neuropsychological evaluations and speech-language pathology assessments.

Frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD) is a group of disorders characterized by the progressive degeneration of the frontal and temporal lobes of the brain. These areas of the brain are involved in decision-making, behavior, emotion, and language. FTLD can be divided into several subtypes based on the specific clinical features and the underlying protein abnormalities.

The three main subtypes of FTLD are:

1. Behavioral variant frontotemporal dementia (bvFTD): This subtype is characterized by changes in personality, behavior, and judgment. People with bvFTD may lose their social inhibitions, become impulsive, or develop compulsive behaviors. They may also have difficulty with emotional processing and empathy.
2. Primary progressive aphasia (PPA): This subtype is characterized by the gradual deterioration of language skills. People with PPA may have difficulty speaking, understanding spoken or written language, or both. There are three subtypes of PPA: nonfluent/agrammatic variant, semantic variant, and logopenic variant.
3. Motor neuron disease (MND) with FTLD: This subtype is characterized by the degeneration of motor neurons, which are the nerve cells responsible for controlling voluntary muscle movements. People with MND with FTLD may develop symptoms of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), such as muscle weakness, stiffness, and twitching, as well as cognitive and behavioral changes associated with FTLD.

The underlying protein abnormalities in FTLD include:

1. Tau protein: In some forms of FTLD, the tau protein accumulates and forms clumps called tangles inside nerve cells. This is also seen in Alzheimer's disease.
2. TDP-43 protein: In other forms of FTLD, the TDP-43 protein accumulates and forms clumps inside nerve cells.
3. Fused in sarcoma (FUS) protein: In a small number of cases, the FUS protein accumulates and forms clumps inside nerve cells.

FTLD is typically a progressive disorder, meaning that symptoms worsen over time. There is currently no cure for FTLD, but there are treatments available to help manage symptoms and improve quality of life.

Atrophy is a medical term that refers to the decrease in size and wasting of an organ or tissue due to the disappearance of cells, shrinkage of cells, or decreased number of cells. This process can be caused by various factors such as disuse, aging, degeneration, injury, or disease.

For example, if a muscle is immobilized for an extended period, it may undergo atrophy due to lack of use. Similarly, certain medical conditions like diabetes, cancer, and heart failure can lead to the wasting away of various tissues and organs in the body.

Atrophy can also occur as a result of natural aging processes, leading to decreased muscle mass and strength in older adults. In general, atrophy is characterized by a decrease in the volume or weight of an organ or tissue, which can have significant impacts on its function and overall health.

Frontotemporal dementia (FTD) is a group of disorders caused by progressive degeneration of the frontal and temporal lobes of the brain. These areas of the brain are associated with personality, behavior, and language.

There are three main types of FTD:

1. Behavioral variant FTD (bvFTD): This type is characterized by changes in personality, behavior, and judgment. Individuals may become socially inappropriate, emotionally indifferent, or impulsive. They may lose interest in things they used to enjoy and have difficulty with tasks that require planning and organization.

2. Primary progressive aphasia (PPA): This type affects language abilities. There are two main subtypes of PPA: semantic dementia and progressive nonfluent aphasia. Semantic dementia is characterized by difficulty understanding words and objects, while progressive nonfluent aphasia is characterized by problems with speech production and articulation.

3. Motor neuron disease (MND) associated FTD: Some individuals with FTD may also develop motor neuron disease, which affects the nerves that control muscle movement. This can lead to weakness, stiffness, and wasting of muscles, as well as difficulty swallowing and speaking.

FTD is a degenerative disorder, meaning that symptoms get worse over time. There is no cure for FTD, but there are treatments available to help manage symptoms and improve quality of life. The exact cause of FTD is not known, but it is believed to be related to abnormalities in certain proteins in the brain. In some cases, FTD may run in families and be caused by genetic mutations.

The temporal lobe is one of the four main lobes of the cerebral cortex in the brain, located on each side of the head roughly level with the ears. It plays a major role in auditory processing, memory, and emotion. The temporal lobe contains several key structures including the primary auditory cortex, which is responsible for analyzing sounds, and the hippocampus, which is crucial for forming new memories. Damage to the temporal lobe can result in various neurological symptoms such as hearing loss, memory impairment, and changes in emotional behavior.

Psycholinguistics is not a medical term per se, but it is a subfield of both psychology and linguistics that explores how we understand, produce, and process language. It investigates the cognitive processes and mental representations involved in language use, such as word recognition, sentence comprehension, language production, language acquisition, and language disorders.

In medical contexts, psycholinguistic assessments may be used to evaluate individuals with communication difficulties due to neurological or developmental disorders, such as aphasia, dyslexia, or autism spectrum disorder. These assessments can help identify specific areas of impairment and inform treatment planning.

Dysarthria is a motor speech disorder that results from damage to the nervous system, particularly the brainstem or cerebellum. It affects the muscles used for speaking, causing slurred, slow, or difficult speech. The specific symptoms can vary depending on the underlying cause and the extent of nerve damage. Treatment typically involves speech therapy to improve communication abilities.

Cerebral dominance is a concept in neuropsychology that refers to the specialization of one hemisphere of the brain over the other for certain cognitive functions. In most people, the left hemisphere is dominant for language functions such as speaking and understanding spoken or written language, while the right hemisphere is dominant for non-verbal functions such as spatial ability, face recognition, and artistic ability.

Cerebral dominance does not mean that the non-dominant hemisphere is incapable of performing the functions of the dominant hemisphere, but rather that it is less efficient or specialized in those areas. The concept of cerebral dominance has been used to explain individual differences in cognitive abilities and learning styles, as well as the laterality of brain damage and its effects on cognition and behavior.

It's important to note that cerebral dominance is a complex phenomenon that can vary between individuals and can be influenced by various factors such as genetics, environment, and experience. Additionally, recent research has challenged the strict lateralization of functions and suggested that there is more functional overlap and interaction between the two hemispheres than previously thought.

The frontal lobe is the largest lobes of the human brain, located at the front part of each cerebral hemisphere and situated in front of the parietal and temporal lobes. It plays a crucial role in higher cognitive functions such as decision making, problem solving, planning, parts of social behavior, emotional expressions, physical reactions, and motor function. The frontal lobe is also responsible for what's known as "executive functions," which include the ability to focus attention, understand rules, switch focus, plan actions, and inhibit inappropriate behaviors. It is divided into five areas, each with its own specific functions: the primary motor cortex, premotor cortex, Broca's area, prefrontal cortex, and orbitofrontal cortex. Damage to the frontal lobe can result in a wide range of impairments, depending on the location and extent of the injury.

The brain is the central organ of the nervous system, responsible for receiving and processing sensory information, regulating vital functions, and controlling behavior, movement, and cognition. It is divided into several distinct regions, each with specific functions:

1. Cerebrum: The largest part of the brain, responsible for higher cognitive functions such as thinking, learning, memory, language, and perception. It is divided into two hemispheres, each controlling the opposite side of the body.
2. Cerebellum: Located at the back of the brain, it is responsible for coordinating muscle movements, maintaining balance, and fine-tuning motor skills.
3. Brainstem: Connects the cerebrum and cerebellum to the spinal cord, controlling vital functions such as breathing, heart rate, and blood pressure. It also serves as a relay center for sensory information and motor commands between the brain and the rest of the body.
4. Diencephalon: A region that includes the thalamus (a major sensory relay station) and hypothalamus (regulates hormones, temperature, hunger, thirst, and sleep).
5. Limbic system: A group of structures involved in emotional processing, memory formation, and motivation, including the hippocampus, amygdala, and cingulate gyrus.

The brain is composed of billions of interconnected neurons that communicate through electrical and chemical signals. It is protected by the skull and surrounded by three layers of membranes called meninges, as well as cerebrospinal fluid that provides cushioning and nutrients.

Functional laterality, in a medical context, refers to the preferential use or performance of one side of the body over the other for specific functions. This is often demonstrated in hand dominance, where an individual may be right-handed or left-handed, meaning they primarily use their right or left hand for tasks such as writing, eating, or throwing.

However, functional laterality can also apply to other bodily functions and structures, including the eyes (ocular dominance), ears (auditory dominance), or legs. It's important to note that functional laterality is not a strict binary concept; some individuals may exhibit mixed dominance or no strong preference for one side over the other.

In clinical settings, assessing functional laterality can be useful in diagnosing and treating various neurological conditions, such as stroke or traumatic brain injury, where understanding any resulting lateralized impairments can inform rehabilitation strategies.

Brain mapping is a broad term that refers to the techniques used to understand the structure and function of the brain. It involves creating maps of the various cognitive, emotional, and behavioral processes in the brain by correlating these processes with physical locations or activities within the nervous system. Brain mapping can be accomplished through a variety of methods, including functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), positron emission tomography (PET) scans, electroencephalography (EEG), and others. These techniques allow researchers to observe which areas of the brain are active during different tasks or thoughts, helping to shed light on how the brain processes information and contributes to our experiences and behaviors. Brain mapping is an important area of research in neuroscience, with potential applications in the diagnosis and treatment of neurological and psychiatric disorders.

Communication aids for disabled are devices or tools that help individuals with disabilities to communicate effectively. These aids can be low-tech, such as communication boards with pictures and words, or high-tech, such as computer-based systems with synthesized speech output. The goal of these aids is to enhance the individual's ability to express their needs, wants, thoughts, and feelings, thereby improving their quality of life and promoting greater independence.

Some examples of communication aids for disabled include:

1. Augmentative and Alternative Communication (AAC) devices - These are electronic devices that produce speech or text output based on user selection. They can be operated through touch screens, eye-tracking technology, or switches.
2. Speech-generating devices - Similar to AAC devices, these tools generate spoken language for individuals who have difficulty speaking.
3. Adaptive keyboards and mice - These are specialized input devices that allow users with motor impairments to type and navigate computer interfaces more easily.
4. Communication software - Computer programs designed to facilitate communication for individuals with disabilities, such as text-to-speech software or visual scene displays.
5. Picture communication symbols - Graphic representations of objects, actions, or concepts that can be used to create communication boards or books.
6. Eye-tracking technology - Devices that track eye movements to enable users to control a computer or communicate through selection of on-screen options.

These aids are often customized to meet the unique needs and abilities of each individual, allowing them to participate more fully in social interactions, education, and employment opportunities.

Thalamic diseases refer to conditions that affect the thalamus, which is a part of the brain that acts as a relay station for sensory and motor signals to the cerebral cortex. The thalamus plays a crucial role in regulating consciousness, sleep, and alertness. Thalamic diseases can cause a variety of symptoms depending on the specific area of the thalamus that is affected. These symptoms may include sensory disturbances, motor impairment, cognitive changes, and altered levels of consciousness. Examples of thalamic diseases include stroke, tumors, multiple sclerosis, infections, and degenerative disorders such as dementia and Parkinson's disease. Treatment for thalamic diseases depends on the underlying cause and may include medications, surgery, or rehabilitation therapy.

Agnosia is a medical term that refers to the inability to recognize or comprehend the meaning or significance of sensory stimuli, even though the specific senses themselves are intact. It is a higher-level cognitive disorder, caused by damage to certain areas of the brain that are responsible for processing and interpreting information from our senses.

There are different types of agnosia, depending on which sense is affected:

* Visual agnosia: The inability to recognize or identify objects, faces, or shapes based on visual input.
* Auditory agnosia: The inability to understand spoken language or recognize sounds, even though hearing is intact.
* Tactile agnosia: The inability to recognize objects by touch, despite normal tactile sensation.
* Olfactory and gustatory agnosia: The inability to identify smells or tastes, respectively, even though the senses of smell and taste are functioning normally.

Agnosia can result from various causes, including stroke, brain injury, infection, degenerative diseases, or tumors that damage specific areas of the brain involved in sensory processing and interpretation. Treatment for agnosia typically focuses on rehabilitation and compensation strategies to help individuals adapt to their deficits and improve their quality of life.

Stuttering is a speech disorder characterized by the repetition or prolongation of sounds, syllables, or words, as well as involuntary silent pauses or blocks during fluent speech. These disruptions in the normal flow of speech can lead to varying degrees of difficulty in communicating effectively and efficiently. It's important to note that stuttering is not a result of emotional or psychological issues but rather a neurological disorder involving speech motor control systems. The exact cause of stuttering remains unclear, although research suggests it may involve genetic, neurophysiological, and environmental factors. Treatment typically includes various forms of speech therapy to improve fluency and communication strategies to manage the challenges associated with stuttering.

"Aphasia Statistics". "Aphasia Fact sheet - National Aphasia Association". National Aphasia Association. Retrieved 18 December ... Transcortical aphasias include transcortical motor aphasia, transcortical sensory aphasia, and mixed transcortical aphasia. ... the nonfluent aphasias (which encompasses Broca's aphasia and transcortical motor aphasia) and the fluent aphasias (which ... Receptive aphasia (also known as "sensory aphasia" or "Wernicke's aphasia"), which is characterized by fluent speech, but ...
Wernicke's aphasia, also known as receptive aphasia, sensory aphasia or posterior aphasia, is a type of aphasia in which ... Davis, G.A. "Aphasia Therapy Guide". National Aphasia Association. Keefe, K.A. (1995). "Applying basic neuroscience to aphasia ... "Wernicke's (Receptive) Aphasia". National Aphasia Association. "Types of Aphasia". American Stroke Association. "ASHA Glossary ... Distinction from other types of aphasia Expressive aphasia (non-fluent Broca's aphasia): individuals have great difficulty ...
... (also known as dysnomia, nominal aphasia, and amnesic aphasia) is a mild, fluent type of aphasia where ... Conduction aphasia Expressive aphasia Lists of language disorders Primary progressive aphasia Receptive aphasia Tip of the ... These results suggest minimal word-production difficulty in anomic aphasia relative to other aphasia syndromes. Anomic aphasia ... The Western Aphasia Battery is another test that is conducted with the goal of classifying aphasia subtypes and rating the ...
Look up aphasia in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. Aphasia is the inability to comprehend or formulate language. Aphasia may ... a type of aphasia involving noun selection difficulty On Aphasia, an 1891 book by Sigmund Freud "Aphasia", a track on the album ... Aphasias This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title Aphasia. If an internal link led you here, you may ... a California-based alternative rock band Aphasia (Japanese band), a female heavy metal/hard rock band from Japan Jargon aphasia ...
... is a work on aphasia by Sigmund Freud, the founder of psychoanalysis. The monograph was Freud's first book, ... In On Aphasia, Freud put forth his earliest thoughts on psychology. Up until that time, Freud had been preoccupied with ... In the treatise, Freud challenges the main authorities of the time by asserting that their manner of understanding aphasias was ... specifically on the subject of aphasias. Because Freud had focused on speech and language loss in this early work, he had a ...
... is a severe form of nonfluent aphasia, caused by damage to the left side of the brain, that affects receptive ... Additionally, the Boston Assessment of Severe Aphasia (BASA) is a commonly used assessment for diagnosing aphasia. BASA is used ... Nonetheless, in the first year post-stroke, patients with global aphasia showed improvement in their Western Aphasia Battery ( ... When compared to individuals with Broca's, Wernicke's, anomic, and conduction types of aphasia, those with Broca's aphasia ...
... , also called associative aphasia, is an uncommon form of difficulty in speaking (aphasia). It is caused by ... Expressive aphasia Receptive aphasia Anomic aphasia Broca's area Wernicke's area Wernicke-Geschwind model Speech repetition ... Symptoms of conduction aphasia, as with other aphasias, can be transient, sometimes lasting only several hours or a few days. ... The Western Aphasia Battery assesses neurological disorders to discern the degree and type of aphasia present. The test also ...
... is a type of fluent aphasia in which an individual's speech is incomprehensible, but appears to make sense to ... All of these types of jargon are seen in fluent aphasia, which can more commonly be addressed as Wernicke's aphasia. Weinstein ... Paddock, M. (2014). "What is aphasia? What causes aphasia?". Medical News Today. Retrieved 2015-05-01. Coppens, Patrick; ... "Neologistic jargon aphasia and agraphia in primary progressive aphasia". Journal of the Neurological Sciences. 277 (1-2): 155- ...
... is classified as non-fluent aphasia, as opposed to fluent aphasia. Diagnosis is done on a case-by-case basis ... Expressive aphasia, also known as Broca's aphasia, is a type of aphasia characterized by partial loss of the ability to produce ... Expressive aphasia occurs in approximately 12% of new cases of aphasia caused by stroke. In most cases, expressive aphasia is ... National Aphasia Association Aphasia Center of California in Oakland, CA, U.S. video of person with Broca's Aphasia "Broca's ...
Aphasia is an American rock band based in California. Forming in 1999, the band solidified their sound and lineup in high ... In early 2006, Aphasia wrote, recorded and released their final EP, "Make Out Like Bandits", which many cited as being the ... Aphasia has changed their music style and name to DownDownDown. Jeff Harber (vocals) Drew DeHaven (guitar); replaced by: Aaron ... Aphasia's music and style was directly influenced by their collaborative approach to writing, its members being proficient in ...
Aphasia - Metal Maidens interview". "Aphasia - Ever-lasting blue on Spotify". "Mysound.jp - Eien no Kodoku". "Aphasia - Aphasia ... Notably, in this album Aphasia bring in a session musician, keyboardist Manabu Kokado. In 2005, Aphasia record and release ... Metal Maidens interview". Aphasia's official website A Tribute to Aphasia (Articles with short description, Short description ... "Aphasia (JAP) - discography, line-up, biography, interviews, photos". "Aphasia - demo - Encyclopaedia Metallum: The Metal ...
... aphasia, semantic dementia, and logopenic progressive aphasia. No cure or treatment for this condition has been found. ... Progressive nonfluent aphasia (PNFA) is one of three clinical syndromes associated with frontotemporal lobar degeneration. PNFA ... Bonner MF, Ash S, Grossman M (November 2010). "The new classification of primary progressive aphasia into semantic, logopenic, ... Based on these imaging methods, progressive nonfluent aphasia can be regionally dissociated from the other subtypes of ...
... it can infer the location of the lesion that caused aphasia. Another such test is the Boston Diagnostic Aphasia Examination. ... These are the Aphasia Quotient (AQ) score and Cortical Quotient (CQ) score. AQ can essentially be thought of as a measure of ... The aphasia quotient (AQ) is the summary score that indicates overall severity of language impairment. The WAB-R, a full ... The Western Aphasia Battery has high validity and reliability. These measures include high test-retest reliability, inter and ...
... is the least common of the three transcortical aphasias (behind transcortical motor aphasia and ... This type of aphasia can also be referred to as "Isolation Aphasia". This type of aphasia is a result of damage that isolates ... Lesions in the superior temporal gyrus (STG) produce a more persistent global aphasia, which is associated with poor aphasia ... Patients with mixed transcortical aphasia demonstrate similar deficits as those seen in patients with global aphasia. Therefore ...
"Primary Progressive Aphasia - National Aphasia Association". National Aphasia Association. Retrieved 2017-12-17. Mesulam M ( ... Anomic aphasia Aphasiology Apraxia of speech Speech-language pathology Speech disorder Transcortical sensory aphasia " ... A third variant of primary progressive aphasia, logopenic progressive aphasia (LPA) was then added, and is an atypical form of ... Primary progressive aphasia (PPA) is a type of neurological syndrome in which language capabilities slowly and progressively ...
Another form of aphasia related to TMoA is dynamic aphasia. Patients with this form of aphasia may present with a contiguity ... New research in aphasia treatment is showing the benefit of the Life Participation Approach to Aphasia (LPAA) in which goals ... There are some other forms of aphasia that relate to TMoA. For instance, adynamic aphasia is a form of TMoA that is ... 1997). "Adynamic Aphasia: A Transcortical Motor Aphasia with Defective Semantic Strategy Information". Brain and Language. 3 ( ...
The comprehensive aphasia test (CAT) was created by Kate Swinburn (from Connect: a charity for people with aphasia), Gillian ... c. Transforming clinical practice in aphasia: The Comprehensive Aphasia Test (CAT). (n.d.). Retrieved November 11, 2017, from ... The CAT was published in 2005 and was the first new aphasia test in English for 20 years. The test is designed to (1) screen ... Bruce, C.; Edmundson, A. (2010). "Letting the CAT out of the bag: A review of the Comprehensive Aphasia Test. Commentary on ...
Anomic aphasia Conduction aphasia Global aphasia Primary progressive aphasias Transcortical motor aphasia Broca's area ... TSA is a fluent aphasia similar to Wernicke's aphasia (receptive aphasia), with the exception of a strong ability to repeat ... receptive aphasia. However, transcortical sensory aphasia differs from receptive aphasia in that patients still have intact ... Transcortical sensory aphasia (TSA) is a kind of aphasia that involves damage to specific areas of the temporal lobe of the ...
... (LPA) is a variant of primary progressive aphasia. It is defined clinically by impairments in ... Aphasia Dementia Early-onset Alzheimer's disease Harciarek M, Kertesz A (September 2011). "Primary progressive aphasias and ... Logopenic progressive aphasia is caused by damage to segregated brain regions, specifically the inferior parietal lobe and ... It is similar to conduction aphasia and is associated with atrophy to the left posterior temporal cortex and inferior parietal ...
The Houston Aphasia Recovery Center(HARC) is a non-profit organization dedicated to helping people with aphasia. HARC's mission ... HARC Mission Statement HARC homepage - non-profit aphasia recovery organization. v t e (Articles with topics of unclear ... Aphasia organizations, Non-profit organizations based in Houston, All stub articles, United States health organization stubs). ... HARC was founded in 2008 to address the lack of resources available to assist aphasia patients in learning to speak. ...
The music video for "Aphasia" deals with two intense emotions depicting the sad and fragile state of aphasia. It was released ... Aphasia (Chinese: 失語者; pinyin: shīyǔ zhě) is the tenth Mandarin-language studio album by Singaporean singer-songwriter Tanya ... On 12 November, she released the lyric video of her title track, "Aphasia" and on the 13th, she held a press conference in ... The meaning behind the album title aphasia refers to the neurological disorder that impairs speech, reading, or writing. At the ...
Thus, unambiguous cases of Broca's aphasia, Wernicke's aphasia, conduction aphasia, and anomic aphasia were selected. Ten ... The Boston Diagnostic Aphasia Examination is a neuropsychological battery used to evaluate adults suspected of having aphasia, ... and other comprehensive tests exist like the Western Aphasia Battery. The Boston Diagnostic Aphasia Examination provides a ... Reliability of the subtests was studied by selecting protocols of 34 patients with a degree of severity of aphasia ranging from ...
Compared to other media portrayals of aphasia the time, The Inner World of Aphasia was unique for its focus on portraying "the ... The Inner World of Aphasia at IMDb Watch The Inner World of Aphasia at Indiana University Libraries (IMDb ID same as Wikidata, ... Marge finds a new friend in a second patient who has aphasia. The film shows us that, like Marge, this second patient has also ... The Inner World of Aphasia is a 1968 medical training film by co-directors Edward Feil and Naomi Feil of Edward Feil ...
Non-fluent aphasia, also called expressive aphasia, is a neurological disorder that deprives patients of the ability to express ... Transcortical sensory aphasia Wernicke's aphasia Hébert, S., Racette, A., Gagnon, L., & Peretz, I. (2003). Revisiting the ... As non-fluent aphasia is usually caused by lesions in patients' left hemisphere, the undamaged right hemisphere is regarded by ... Music therapy for non-fluent aphasia is a method for treating patients who have lost the ability to speak after a stroke or ...
"Aphasia". AllMusic. Retrieved July 21, 2015. "Rocco Prestia's Website". Roccoprestia.com. Retrieved February 18, 2019. "Think ... "Aphasia" CD, she, Bill Champlin and Bruce Gaitsch wrote a tune called "St Forgiveness" (Thoughtscape Sounds - 1997) "Runaway ... written for Bruce Gaitsch's 1997 album Aphasia; "Runaway Love" (Champlin/Caruso/Matkosky) recorded by both Rita Coolidge on her ...
Lanteri-Laura, G. (2005a). Aphasia. In A. de Mijolla (Ed.), International dictionary of psychoanalysis, vol. 1 (pp. 106-107). ... Freud, S. (1891). On aphasia. E. Stengel (Trans.). International Universities Press, 1953. Freud, S. (1894). The defense neuro- ... On Aphasia (1891), was concerned with speech disorders of neurological mechanisms of which had been investigated earlier in the ...
Hinterbuchnes, L. [1974]. Aphasia. N Y Acad Med., 50[5]: 589-601. Karnath, H. [1997]. Spatial orientation and the ...
"Aphasia". The British Medical Journal. 2 (296): 258-261. 1866. ISSN 0007-1447. JSTOR 25205881. Carlesimo GA, Oscar-Berman M ( ... Perhaps the first use of semantic priming in neurological patients was with stroke patients with aphasia. In one study, ... with Broca's aphasia who were able to make semantic judgments showed less consistent priming than those with Wernicke's aphasia ... patients with Wernicke's aphasia who were unable to make semantic judgments showed evidence of semantic priming, while patients ...
Additionally, Aphasia is a learning disorder which was also discovered by Paul Broca. According to, Johns Hopkins School of ... "Aphasia". www.hopkinsmedicine.org. Retrieved 2022-04-27. "Wernicke area , Definition, Location, Function, & Facts , Britannica ... Medicine, Aphasia is a language disorder caused by damage in a specific area of the brain that controls language expression and ...
... errors associated with certain kinds of aphasia have been used to map certain components of speech onto the brain and ... In expressive aphasia, speech comprehension is generally less affected except in the comprehension of grammatically complex ... This deficit, known as Broca's or expressive aphasia, is characterized by difficulty in speech production where speech is slow ... Hillis, A.E., & Caramazza, A. (2005). "Aphasia". In L. Nadel, Encyclopedia of cognitive science. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley. Wernicke K ...
"Aphasia Statistics". "Aphasia Fact sheet - National Aphasia Association". National Aphasia Association. Retrieved 18 December ... Transcortical aphasias include transcortical motor aphasia, transcortical sensory aphasia, and mixed transcortical aphasia. ... the nonfluent aphasias (which encompasses Brocas aphasia and transcortical motor aphasia) and the fluent aphasias (which ... Receptive aphasia (also known as "sensory aphasia" or "Wernickes aphasia"), which is characterized by fluent speech, but ...
Aphasia is a disorder caused by damage to the parts of the brain that control language. It can make it hard for you to read, ... The signs of aphasia depend on which part of the brain is damaged. There are four main types of aphasia:. *Expressive aphasia ... Anyone can have aphasia at any age, but most people with aphasia are middle-aged or older. Most aphasia happens suddenly from a ... Aphasia vs. Apraxia (American Stroke Association) * Lets Talk about Stroke and Aphasia (American Stroke Association) - PDF ...
Aphasia does not include (1) developmental disorders of language, often called dysphasia in the United States; (2) purely motor ... Aphasia is an acquired disorder of language due to brain damage. ... encoded search term (Aphasia) and Aphasia What to Read Next on ... Classical aphasia syndromes (see Aphasia syndromes in History) include global, Broca, Wernicke, and conduction aphasia, as well ... Because aphasia is most often caused by stroke, neuroimaging is required to localize and diagnose the cause of aphasia. CT ...
Aphasia may develop slowly over time. When that happens, the aphasia may be labeled with one of these names:. *Logopenic ... Patterns of aphasia. People with aphasia may have different strengths and weaknesses in their speech patterns. Sometimes these ... Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) for improving aphasia in adults with aphasia after stroke. Cochrane Database of ... Because aphasia is often a sign of a serious problem, such as a stroke, seek emergency medical care if you or a loved one ...
Aphasia refers to trouble with speaking, understanding speech, or reading or writing as a result of damage to the part of the ... What is aphasia? Aphasia refers to trouble with speaking, understanding speech, or reading or writing as a result of damage to ... Where can I find more information about aphasia? The following organization and resources help people living with aphasia and ... How can I or my loved one help improve care for people with aphasia?. Consider participating in a clinical trial so clinicians ...
New campaign aims to educate people about aphasia and how it can impact on speech and communication , ITV National News ... How to support people with aphasia. Living with aphasia can be vastly different for each person. Here are some top tips from ... There are a number of aphasia support groups across the UK, run by the Say Aphasia charity. The charitys founder, Colin Lyall ... Aphasia is usually the result of damage to the left side of the brain. It is commonly caused by strokes and can make it ...
Aphasia Research. Broken language and interaction in adulthood Aphasia research group explores problems of language and its use ... Generally speaking, aphasia hampers the ability to produce and to comprehend language in its spoken as well as written form. ... Aphasia is observed in all linguistic levels: in producing and understanding words, grammatical constructions and broader ... Besides the problems in linguistic processing, aphasia has always consequences to conversational interaction and the use of ...
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Semantic paraphasias and jargon aphasia may be present. ... but comprehension is impaired unlike in expressive aphasia. ... Speech is fluent but comprehension is impaired unlike in expressive aphasia. Semantic paraphasias and jargon aphasia may be ... mental disorder » language disorder » aphasia. *Disorders Usually First Diagnosed in Infancy, Childhood, or Adolescence » ... neurodevelopmental disorder » Communication Disorders » language disorder » aphasia. * ...
This article provides a classification of primary progressive aphasia (PPA) and its 3 main variants to improve the uniformity ... Classification of primary progressive aphasia and its variants Neurology. 2011 Mar 15;76(11):1006-14. doi: 10.1212/WNL. ... This article provides a classification of primary progressive aphasia (PPA) and its 3 main variants to improve the uniformity ...
Aphasia is a condition that affects language. It occurs from things like a stroke, head injury, tumor, or neurological ... https://www.aphasia.org/aphasia-resources/global-aphasia/. *. Mayo Clinic Staff. (2018). Aphasia.. https://www.mayoclinic.org/ ... Anomic aphasia. (n.d.).. https://www.aphasia.org/aphasia-resources/anomic-aphasia/. ... Aphasia is broken down into two categories:. *Nonfluent aphasia. Speech is difficult or halting, and some words may be absent. ...
10 Celebrities Who Have Dealt with Aphasia: Bruce Willis, Emilia Clarke and More. OK! Magazine· 4 days ago. In a 2017 interview ... The family confirmed in March 2022 that the Hollywood star, 68, had been diagnosed with aphasia, a condition that affects ...
... EasyChair Preprint no. 6603. 4 pages•Date: ... Our work aims to study these difficulties in agrammatic aphasia to obtain evidence in Argentinian Spanish and discuss if the ... There is substantial cross-linguistic evidence that morphosyntax of verbs is impaired in agrammatic aphasia and that tense ... which is affected in aphasia. Faroqi-Shah & Thompson (2007) suggest that there is a special difficulty in the retrieval of the ...
... EasyChair Preprint no. 6451. 3 pages• ... Neurodegeneration in patients with Primary Progressive Aphasia (PPA) decreases local blood flow affecting both language and ... Brain Perfusion and Neurocognitive Tasks in Patients with Primary Progressive Aphasia}, howpublished = {EasyChair Preprint no. ...
Fotomuseum Winterthur is a museum for contemporary photography. The works of young as well as established international photographers and artists are shown in changing group and solo exhibitions. In the context of events and (school) workshops, the museum provides an insight into various forms of photography.
APHASIA. Drama, Science Fiction, Relationships, New York, Female Screenwriter(s). After Emilys crush comments on a post she ...
Receive regular updates from the National Aphasia ...
View all of our aphasia related products here. ... If you are assessing aphasia and spoken language in an ...
Progressive non-fluent aphasia. Disease definition Progressive non-fluent aphasia (PNFA) is a form of frontotemporal dementia ( ...
What is Aphasia (Aphasia-Friendly). Aphasia is a language problem that masks a persons inherent competence, and most ... What is Aphasia (Aphasia-Friendly). Aphasia is a language problem that masks a persons inherent competence, and most ... What is Aphasia?. Aphasia is a language problem that masks a persons inherent competence, and most dramatically affects ... Community Aphasia Program. The next step in rebuilding bridges for those living with aphasia and reducing feelings of isolation ...
Home / Resources / Professional / Aphasia and Related Disorders / National Organizations related to aphasia ...
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Aphasia Alliance (UK) communication tips - Tips for aphasia communication. *UNC Aphasia Friendly Printed Materials: ... Home / Resources / Professional / Aphasia and Related Disorders / Supported Communication Strategies for Aphasia ... UNC Life Interests and Values Cards - Facilitates goal-setting for individuals with aphasia ...
Do you know anyone with aphasia? If so I will give you a quick test that you can use to see if M.I.T. could be effective. The ... Aphasia is a condition that affects the brain, and leads to problems with language and in particular speech. The main causes of ... Aphasia is amongst the most common disorders of the brain, the Stroke Association estimates that there are more than 376,000 ... I need you to think about this scenario, why? Because most people with aphasia caused by stroke or trauma can think as well as ...
Tag: aphasia. A Mind of My Own: memoir of recovery from Aphasia. Harrianne Mills. December 2, 2012. Harrianne Mills. A Mind of ... Categories Forums, SpeakerTags aphasia, Harrianne Mills, personal storyLeave a comment on A Mind of My Own: memoir of recovery ... Humanist Community Forum (2012-12-02): A Mind of My Own: memoir of recovery from Aphasia (Harrianne Mills) from Humanist ... from Aphasia Sunday Forums are currently being held in person and online!. See the Forum description for directions on how to ...
People with logopenic aphasia have trouble finding the words they want to use. For example, they may:. *Have trouble ... Information in this booklet is for anyone who wants to know more about primary progressive aphasia (PPA). This includes people ... With all types of primary progressive aphasia (PPA), speech and language are affected first. Symptoms vary depending on what ...
Psychology definition for Acoustic-mnestic Aphasia in normal everyday language, edited by psychologists, professors and leading ... Acoustic-mnestic Aphasia. Acoustic-mnestic aphasia (also known as anomic aphasia, amnestic aphasia, and nominal aphasia) is a ... Acoustic-mnestic aphasia is specifically the inability to name objects, qualities, or conditions. This can occur following a ...
Stroke survivors with aphasia face an increased incidence of post-stroke depression versus stroke survivors with no aphasia. ... The American Stroke Association and the National Aphasia Association - collaborating to help stroke survivors beat aphasia. ... Only 40% of people in the U.S. have heard of aphasia and can correctly identify it as a language disorder that impairs the ... Tips for better communication with someone with aphasia:. *Be patient. Allow extra time to communicate and keep it simple. ...
... was notified that the Aphasia Support Group was selected by the National Aphasia Associations network of affiliates as a ... Marywoods Aphasia Support Group Highlighted Nationally. Marla Kovatch, Assistant Professor of Practice in the CSD Department ... and facilitator of the Marywood University Aphasia Support Group, ...
What is Aphasia (Aphasia-Friendly). Aphasia is a language problem that masks a persons inherent competence, and most ... What is Aphasia (Aphasia-Friendly). Aphasia is a language problem that masks a persons inherent competence, and most ... What is Aphasia?. Aphasia is a language problem that masks a persons inherent competence, and most dramatically affects ... Community Aphasia Program. The next step in rebuilding bridges for those living with aphasia and reducing feelings of isolation ...
  • The American Stroke Association and the National Aphasia Association - collaborating to help stroke survivors beat aphasia. (stroke.org)
  • According to the National Aphasia Association, the condition affects more than 2 million Americans. (kvpr.org)
  • According to the National Aphasia Association, "Aphasia can be so severe as to make communication with the patient almost impossible, or it can be very mild. (einpresswire.com)
  • There are around 2 million Americans living with the condition and nearly 180,000 get the disorder every year, according to the National Aphasia Association. (scrubsmag.com)
  • Read on to discover more about the different types of aphasia. (healthline.com)
  • In the chart below, we'll break down the different types of aphasia. (healthline.com)
  • There are several types of aphasia that all present slightly differently. (alwaysbestcare.com)
  • Explains Baxter, "There are different types of aphasia. (einpresswire.com)
  • Broca's aphasia is difficulty in expressing speech. (healthtap.com)
  • What exactly does it feel like to have broca's aphasia? (healthtap.com)
  • Broca's aphasia refers to an aphasia that usually occurs when a specific area of the brain suffers an injury, for example from a stroke or head injury. (healthtap.com)
  • What is the facial appearance like in people with broca's aphasia? (healthtap.com)
  • Among the most common types are Wernicke's aphasia, Broca's aphasia, global aphasia, and primary progressive aphasia (PPA). (einpresswire.com)
  • Broca's aphasia is the most common type of non-fluent aphasia. (medlineplus.gov)
  • People with Broca's aphasia have damage primarily to the frontal lobe of the brain. (medlineplus.gov)
  • People with Broca's aphasia know what they want to say, but have trouble saying it or writing it. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Although bedside examination can usually reveal the type of aphasia, formal cognitive testing by a neuropsychologist or speech/language therapist may be important to determine fine levels of dysfunction, to plan therapy, and to assess the patient's potential for recovery. (medscape.com)
  • It may help to consider that each person with aphasia has unique symptoms, strengths and weaknesses rather than trying to label a particular type of aphasia. (mayoclinic.org)
  • Sometimes this type of aphasia will progress to a more generalized dementia. (mayoclinic.org)
  • Regardless of the type of aphasia, there is really no cure for it once someone develops it, but treatments can significantly enhance patients' ability to communicate and live their lives to the fullest. (einpresswire.com)
  • The symptoms of aphasia vary according to where damage has occurred in the brain and the type of aphasia. (medlineplus.gov)
  • The person with aphasia relearns and practices language skills and learns to use other ways to communicate. (mayoclinic.org)
  • In many cases this is the point when both you and the person with aphasia will shed a tear, except this time they are tears of hope. (greenmedinfo.com)
  • Signs and symptoms may or may not be present in individuals with aphasia and may vary in severity and level of disruption to communication. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Outreach Program provides support to individuals with Aphasia who may have barriers to attending programs at the Aphasia Institute in person. (aphasia.ca)
  • The Aphasia Awareness Walk is an annual event dedicated to raising awareness and celebrating individuals with aphasia and their families by gathering community support. (unl.edu)
  • Proceeds from the walk benefit the group and individual services provided at the Barkley Speech Language and Hearing Clinic for individuals with aphasia. (unl.edu)
  • Proceeds also support the Aphasia Community Partners Program , which matches individuals with aphasia with people from the community to go on once-a-week outings and form relationships to maintain quality of life and involvement. (unl.edu)
  • The more people that know about it, the more support all of the individuals with aphasia can receive, which is so important," Armour said. (scrubsmag.com)
  • Expressive aphasia is when you know what you want to say, but you have trouble saying or writing your thoughts. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Speech is fluent but comprehension is impaired unlike in expressive aphasia . (behavenet.com)
  • Replying to this forum until my dad is out of the hospital (has expressive aphasia due to stroke) and ready to tackle online forums himself (he's 64 yo, and not very fond of technology). (aphasia.com)
  • Any suggestions for finding peers/groups specifically with Expressive Aphasia? (aphasia.com)
  • Aphasia is broadly divided into receptive and expressive aphasia. (msdmanuals.com)
  • On September 4, he was transferred to a rehabilitation facility where he experienced some additional improvement, but continued to have expressive aphasia and choreoathetoid movements of the face, trunk, and extremities. (cdc.gov)
  • Closely related to aphasia are the family of disorders called apraxias (disorders of learned or skilled movements), agnosias (disorders of recognition), acalculias (disorders of calculation ability), and more global neurobehavioral deficits such as dementia and delirium . (medscape.com)
  • Seniors with conditions such as dementia, Alzheimer's disease , or Parkinson's disease may develop aphasia, as well as those who have experienced a stroke or traumatic brain injury. (alwaysbestcare.com)
  • In 1982, Mesulam reported 6 patients with progressive aphasia, gradually worsening over a number of years, who did not develop a more generalized dementia. (medscape.com)
  • Subsequently, the PPA syndrome was defined as a disorder limited to progressive aphasia, without general cognitive impairment or dementia, over a 2-year period. (medscape.com)
  • The condition described in the North American literature as primary progressive aphasia and that described in the European literature as frontal dementia have been combined under the term frontotemporal lobe dementia (FTD) or frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD). (medscape.com)
  • The progressive aphasias have been divided into 3 groups: progressive nonfluent aphasia, semantic dementia, and logopenic progressive aphasia. (medscape.com)
  • In recent years, the term frontotemporal dementia has become an umbrella term referring to clinical syndromes of frontal dementia or progressive aphasia. (medscape.com)
  • The main treatment for aphasia involves treating the condition that causes it, as well as speech and language therapy. (mayoclinic.org)
  • Speech-language therapy is the mainstay treatment for aphasia. (healthline.com)
  • Research shows that treatment for aphasia improves language abilities. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Global aphasia is the loss of almost all language ability. (medlineplus.gov)
  • LOS ANGELES, CA, UNITED STATES, June 21, 2022 / EINPresswire.com / -- June is Aphasia Awareness Month, an ideal time to shed some light on this little-known condition, which has been in the news lately due to Bruce Willis. (einpresswire.com)
  • The family of actor Bruce Willis recently announced that he would be stepping away from acting following an aphasia diagnosis. (einpresswire.com)
  • While Bruce Willis' family has not disclosed the cause of his aphasia, according to the Mayo Clinic, the condition can also gradually occur "from a slow-growing brain tumor or a disease that causes progressive, permanent damage. (einpresswire.com)
  • What is Aphasia, the Condition that Led to Bruce Willis' Retirement? (scrubsmag.com)
  • Actor Bruce Willis recently announced his retirement from acting due to aphasia, a language condition that affects the person's ability to speak. (scrubsmag.com)
  • that is, aphasia is not related to the mechanics of speech but rather the individual's language cognition (although a person can have both problems, as an example, if they have a haemorrhage that damaged a large area of the brain). (wikipedia.org)
  • Receptive aphasia affects your ability to read and understand speech. (medlineplus.gov)
  • But most people should begin speech-language therapy to treat aphasia as soon as possible. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Classical models of language in the brain posit that damage to inferior frontal cortex impairs speech production, resulting in nonfluent aphasia with preserved comprehension, whereas damage to posterior temporal cortex results in fluent aphasia, impairing both comprehension and production. (easychair.org)
  • Speech and language therapy is the mainstay of care for patients with aphasia. (medscape.com)
  • People with aphasia may have different strengths and weaknesses in their speech patterns. (mayoclinic.org)
  • Many people with aphasia have patterns of speech difficulty that don't match these types. (mayoclinic.org)
  • Aphasia refers to trouble with speaking, understanding speech, or reading or writing as a result of damage to the part of the brain that is responsible for language processing or understanding. (nih.gov)
  • Some people with aphasia recover completely without treatment but rehabilitation and speech therapy should be started as early as possible. (nih.gov)
  • June is Aphasia Awareness Month and the Royal College of Speech and Language Therapists wants to give people a better understanding of the condition. (itv.com)
  • Aphasia is a condition that affects the brain, and leads to problems with language and in particular speech. (greenmedinfo.com)
  • With all types of primary progressive aphasia (PPA), speech and language are affected first. (alzheimersresearchuk.org)
  • Objective The classification of patients with Primary Progressive Aphasia into variants is time consuming, costly, and requires combined evaluations by clinical neurologists, neuropsychologists, speech pathologists, and radiologists. (biorxiv.org)
  • Primary Progressive Aphasia (PPA) is a progressive neurological condition affecting speech and language 1 , 2 with substantial symptom variability. (biorxiv.org)
  • Many of the participants have aphasia, a condition which affects speech and language processing. (thecourier.co.uk)
  • This controlled prospective randomized assessor blinded phase II clinical trial will determine whether an innovative form of speech therapy entitled Speech Entrainment Therapy (SET) leads to significant improvements in language production for subjects with non-fluent aphasia, and SET's optimal dose (duration of therapy in weeks). (kennedykrieger.org)
  • Aphasia is a problem with language (with speech sounds being normal). (healthtap.com)
  • Werniche's aphasia is difficulty in understanding speech. (healthtap.com)
  • Broca aphasia is a stroke affecting the speech area. (healthtap.com)
  • Aphasia is a cognitive condition that can cause loss of communication skills, including memory, speech, writing, and understanding language. (comicbook.com)
  • Aphasia is distinct from developmental disorders of language and from dysfunction of the motor pathways and muscles that produce speech (dysarthria). (msdmanuals.com)
  • In a second moment, through the reading of the report made by the writer Cardoso Pires about his own aphasia in the book De Profundis, we suggested an existing relation, present in Freud s text, between aphasia and anxiety position in the subject s speech. (bvsalud.org)
  • If aphasia is suspected, the clinician should refer the patient to a speech-language pathologist, who conducts further tests of the patient's communication skills. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Struggle in non-fluent aphasias: A severe increase in expelled effort to speak after a life where talking and communicating was an ability that came so easily can cause visible frustration. (wikipedia.org)
  • Fluent aphasia. (healthline.com)
  • Many stroke survivors have permanent deficits in language production (non-fluent aphasia) for which there is no definitive treatment. (kennedykrieger.org)
  • For aphasia caused by stroke, the types are fluent and non-fluent. (medlineplus.gov)
  • The most common type of fluent aphasia is called Wernicke's aphasia. (medlineplus.gov)
  • The most common cause of aphasia is brain damage resulting from a stroke - the blockage or rupture of a blood vessel in the brain. (mayoclinic.org)
  • To be diagnosed with aphasia, a person's language must be significantly impaired in one (or more) of the four aspects of communication. (wikipedia.org)
  • Aphasia is a language problem that masks a person's inherent competence, and most dramatically affects conversational interaction (talking and understanding), as well as the ability to read and write. (aphasia.ca)
  • Aphasia has profound effects on a person's quality of life and social wellbeing. (stroke.org.uk)
  • Usually, aphasia does not affect a person's intellectual faculties but can make them unable to communicate their thoughts. (einpresswire.com)
  • Semantic paraphasias and jargon aphasia may be present. (behavenet.com)
  • Especially for persons with aphasia there is a strong need for a tool that measures semantic processing skills independent of verbal abilities. (uni-muenchen.de)
  • Furthermore, in order to assess a patient's potential for using alternative means of communication in cases of severe aphasia, semantic processing should be assessed in different nonverbal conditions. (uni-muenchen.de)
  • These findings suggest that nonverbal tasks assessing semantic processing capacities should be administered alongside standard neurolinguistic aphasia tests. (uni-muenchen.de)
  • Our training is based on Supported Conversation for Adults with Aphasia (SCA™) techniques developed at the Aphasia Institute. (aphasia.ca)
  • Often the clinician is the first person to recognize the symptoms of aphasia while treating the patient for a brain injury. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Significantly greater theta and lower beta power was observed in persons with aphasia (PWAs) than controls. (frontiersin.org)
  • For example, investigations of language in persons with aphasia (PWAs) often require participants to name pictures or match pictures to a word while undergoing fMRI. (frontiersin.org)
  • Fifty-one persons with aphasia caused by left hemisphere brain damage were administered the NVST as well as the Aachen Aphasia Test (AAT). (uni-muenchen.de)
  • People with aphasia may experience any of the following behaviors due to an acquired brain injury, although some of these symptoms may be due to related or concomitant problems, such as dysarthria or apraxia, and not primarily due to aphasia. (wikipedia.org)
  • While aphasia has traditionally been described in terms of language deficits, there is increasing evidence that many people with aphasia commonly experience co-occurring non-linguistic cognitive deficits in areas such as attention, memory, executive functions and learning. (wikipedia.org)
  • Anomic or amnesia aphasia is when you have trouble using the right words for certain things, people, places or events. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Anyone can have aphasia at any age, but most people with aphasia are middle-aged or older. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Some people fully recover from aphasia without treatment. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Left-handed individuals may develop aphasia after a lesion of either hemisphere, but the syndromes from left hemisphere injury may be milder or more selective than those seen in right-handed people, and they may recover better. (medscape.com)
  • If you have aphasia, you might have problems conveying thoughts when speaking or writing, understanding spoken or printed words, or using the correct names for particular objects, people, places, or events. (nih.gov)
  • How can I or my loved one help improve care for people with aphasia? (nih.gov)
  • He believes not enough is known about aphasia: "It's like a silent condition - people don't realise what's going on. (itv.com)
  • People who have aphasia can have trouble with things like speaking, reading, or listening. (healthline.com)
  • Research estimates about 1 million people in the United States are living with aphasia. (healthline.com)
  • Two explanations for this deficit focus on the processing costs that the grammatical operations impose on People with Aphasia. (easychair.org)
  • Because most people with aphasia caused by stroke or trauma can think as well as the did before their life changing incident. (greenmedinfo.com)
  • Helpful tools that can be used by people with aphasia with their families, friends, and health care providers to facilitate conversations. (aphasia.ca)
  • A database of images that can be used with key words to help people with aphasia communicate. (aphasia.ca)
  • Stories told by people with aphasia about their personal journeys. (aphasia.ca)
  • Resources designed to facilitate life's conversations - for communicating with people with aphasia. (aphasia.ca)
  • The product of decades of research and experience with people in the aphasia and stroke communities. (aphasia.ca)
  • People with logopenic aphasia have trouble finding the words they want to use. (alzheimersresearchuk.org)
  • Only 40% of people in the U.S. have heard of aphasia and can correctly identify it as a language disorder that impairs the ability to communicate. (stroke.org)
  • More than 2 million people in the U.S. are estimated to have aphasia, commonly as a result of stroke. (stroke.org)
  • This study will investigate whether a support group intervention can be delivered remotely to people with aphasia through a virtual island platform called Eva Park. (stroke.org.uk)
  • Eva Park was specifically designed for people with aphasia, making it easy for them to use. (stroke.org.uk)
  • The study will involve volunteers from existing stroke services providing group support sessions in Eva Park to 32 people with aphasia. (stroke.org.uk)
  • How can I communicate with people with aphasia? (unl.edu)
  • Chance of recovery is poorer for people with aphasia resulting from a progressive neurological condition. (physio-pedia.com)
  • While Willis and his family are to be applauded for bringing aphasia into the light-it's the first time many had heard of it-most people are still unclear about what aphasia is, its effects, and the best ways of dealing with it. (einpresswire.com)
  • The more people that are aware of aphasia, the sooner they can take action when they first notice symptoms appear. (scrubsmag.com)
  • People with Wernicke's aphasia may speak in complete sentences that are often long but have little meaning. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Even so, for most people with aphasia, language difficulty remains after this initial recovery period. (medlineplus.gov)
  • This study aimed to analyze clustering and switching measures of PVF in people with aphasia and investigate the relationship between the use of these strategies , the quantitative performance on the test, and the performance on executive functions . (bvsalud.org)
  • This is a cross-sectional study of 15 people with aphasia , right-handed, native speakers of Brazilian Portuguese, aged 19 to 92 years. (bvsalud.org)
  • The quantitative and qualitative analysis of F-A-S in people with aphasia , even those with different linguistic manifestations, showed that these individuals presented lower scores and that the number of total words and the number of switches were strongly correlated. (bvsalud.org)
  • One prevalent deficit in the aphasias is anomia, which is a difficulty in finding the correct word. (wikipedia.org)
  • Anomia (the inability to name objects) usually occurs in all forms of aphasia. (msdmanuals.com)
  • Patients with Wernicke aphasia speak normal words fluently, often including meaningless phonemes, but do not know their meaning or relationships. (msdmanuals.com)
  • A right visual field cut commonly accompanies Wernicke aphasia because the visual pathway is near the affected area. (msdmanuals.com)
  • Brain damage caused by a severe head injury, a tumor, an infection or a degenerative process also can cause aphasia. (mayoclinic.org)
  • Stroke, tumors, head injuries and other damage to the brain can cause aphasia. (scrubsmag.com)
  • It's common to have aphasias after a stroke because that's one of the most common forms of brain disease, but really any type of brain disease, if it affects the language networks in the brain it can cause aphasia," said Dr. Joseph Cooper, associate professor of clinical psychiatry at UIC. (scrubsmag.com)
  • One way to prevent aphasia is to lower your chance of a stroke by improving your cardiovascular health. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Like Wernicke's aphasia, your sentences may have no obvious meaning. (healthline.com)
  • But unlike Wernicke's aphasia, you're able to repeat things, although echolalia may occur in some cases. (healthline.com)
  • What are brocas aphasia, and wernicke's aphasia? (healthtap.com)
  • What is wernicke's aphasia? (healthtap.com)
  • Wernicke's aphasia patients have severe problems with communication. (healthtap.com)
  • Future studies investigating the utility of these measures as biomarkers of frank or latent aphasic deficits and treatment response in chronic stroke-induced aphasia are warranted. (frontiersin.org)
  • Describing the types of deficits is often the most precise way to describe a particular aphasia. (msdmanuals.com)
  • In these cases, the aphasia usually occurs with other types of cognitive problems, such as memory problems or confusion. (mayoclinic.org)
  • Controls and persons with chronic stroke-induced aphasia completed two EEG recording sessions, separated by approximately 1 month, as well as behavioral assessments of language, sensorimotor, and cognitive domains. (frontiersin.org)
  • Aphasia is an acquired disorder of language due to brain damage. (medscape.com)
  • Careful assessment of language function with an evaluation of neighborhood signs is important in the diagnosis of the localization and cause of aphasia. (medscape.com)
  • In light of Willis's aphasia diagnosis , Smith said he "feels like an asshole" for having made light of his disagreements with the actor over the years. (comicbook.com)
  • Primary Progressive Aphasia - progress of a possible diagnosis of this rare brain disease. (checkorphan.org)
  • This research could result in better diagnosis and treatment of aphasia and other neurological disorders. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Treatment of aphasia == * Recovery of language skills is usually a slow process, though if the brain damage is minimal, it's possible to recover language skills without treatment. (physio-pedia.com)
  • Aphasia research group explores problems of language and its use resulting from brain damage, usually in the left hemisphere. (helsinki.fi)
  • Aphasia (language impairment), is one of the most devastating problems after left hemisphere stroke, because it can interfere with an individual's social interactions, ability to return to work, and even simple daily activities. (kennedykrieger.org)
  • Aphasia is amongst the most common disorders of the brain, the Stroke Association estimates that there are more than 376,000 stroke survivors in the UK living with aphasia . (greenmedinfo.com)
  • Stroke survivors with aphasia face an increased incidence of post-stroke depression versus stroke survivors with no aphasia. (stroke.org)
  • About one-third of stroke survivors will have aphasia. (stroke.org.uk)
  • Often those with aphasia may have a difficulty with naming objects, so they might use words such as thing or point at the objects. (wikipedia.org)
  • Primary progressive aphasia is the term used for language difficulty that develops gradually. (mayoclinic.org)
  • Aphasia is a disorder of understanding and using symbols, most evident in difficulty using or understanding language. (unl.edu)
  • An individual with aphasia is going to have difficulty communicating verbally," she said. (scrubsmag.com)
  • Encompassed under the term aphasia are selective, acquired disorders of reading (alexia) or writing (agraphia). (medscape.com)
  • Most aphasias and related disorders are due to stroke, head injury, cerebral tumors, or degenerative diseases. (medscape.com)
  • The National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders (NIDCD) , a component of the National Institutes of Health ( NIH ), is the leading federal funder of research on aphasia . (nih.gov)
  • While Complexity Theory claims that there is no stability whatsoever, I will argue that there are moments in the life of a language user when language systems are specifically prone to change and discuss three such cases: changes in language use patterns leading to language attrition, adding a new language to the language system, and adaptation to acquired language disorders such as aphasia. (benjamins.com)
  • Aphasia is a condition that affects language. (healthline.com)
  • The family confirmed in March 2022 that the Hollywood star, 68, had been diagnosed with aphasia , a condition that affects language processing and communication skills. (yahoo.com)
  • Because aphasia is most often caused by stroke, neuroimaging is required to localize and diagnose the cause of aphasia. (medscape.com)
  • Alternatively, in the case of progressive aphasia, it must have significantly declined over a short period of time. (wikipedia.org)
  • This article provides a classification of primary progressive aphasia (PPA) and its 3 main variants to improve the uniformity of case reporting and the reliability of research results. (nih.gov)
  • Neurodegeneration in patients with Primary Progressive Aphasia (PPA) decreases local blood flow affecting both language and domain-general performance. (easychair.org)
  • The Aphasia Institute offers a range of different programs for individuals with Primary Progressive Aphasia (PPA) and their families. (aphasia.ca)
  • What is primary progressive aphasia? (alzheimersresearchuk.org)
  • Information in this booklet is for anyone who wants to know more about primary progressive aphasia (PPA). (alzheimersresearchuk.org)
  • Hematoxylin and eosin stain of the left frontal cortex from a patient with primary progressive aphasia. (medscape.com)
  • The treatment of a patient with aphasia depends on the cause of the aphasia syndrome. (medscape.com)
  • The severity of aphasia depends on a number of things, including the cause and the extent of the brain damage. (mayoclinic.org)
  • How much a person recovers from aphasia depends on many factors, including what caused the brain injury, what part of the brain was injured, the degree to which the brain was injured, and the age and health of the patient. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Anyone can acquire aphasia, but it most occurs in middle-aged or older persons. (nih.gov)
  • Aphasia occurs when parts of the brain that are responsible for language processing are damaged. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Aphasia is a symptom of some other condition, such as a stroke or a brain tumor. (mayoclinic.org)
  • Doctors say aphasia is actually a symptom of an underlying condition and that symptoms range widely in severity. (scrubsmag.com)
  • Aphasia is a language disorder that makes it hard for you to read, write, and say what you mean to say. (medlineplus.gov)
  • As Michelle Armour, program lead clinician at the Northwestern Medicine Aphasia Center at Marianjoy, explained, "It's a language disorder, or a loss of language. (scrubsmag.com)
  • There are more than 2 million Americans living with aphasia, a communication disorder that can stem from a brain injury, infection, or neurological disorder. (alwaysbestcare.com)
  • Four developed focal neurological symptoms (focal weakness, aphasia, visual disturbance) prompting presentation for emergency care. (cdc.gov)
  • In aphasia (sometimes called dysphasia), a person may be unable to comprehend or unable to formulate language because of damage to specific brain regions. (wikipedia.org)
  • Aphasia can also be the result of brain tumors, epilepsy, brain damage and brain infections, or neurodegenerative diseases (such as dementias). (wikipedia.org)
  • 72 With aphasia, one or more modes of communication in the brain have been damaged and are therefore functioning incorrectly. (wikipedia.org)
  • Neurodevelopmental forms of auditory processing disorder are differentiable from aphasia in that aphasia is by definition caused by acquired brain injury, but acquired epileptic aphasia has been viewed as a form of APD. (wikipedia.org)
  • Aphasia symptoms can vary based on the location of damage in the brain. (wikipedia.org)
  • The signs of aphasia depend on which part of the brain is damaged. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Aphasia happens from damage to one or more parts of the brain involved with language. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Most aphasia happens suddenly from a stroke or brain injury. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Aphasia from a brain tumor or other brain disorder may develop slowly over time. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Aphasia may occur secondary to brain injury or degeneration and involves the left cerebral hemisphere to a greater extent than the right. (medscape.com)
  • Aphasia is usually the result of damage to the left side of the brain. (itv.com)
  • In effect, a stroke or trauma can mean the loss of brain cells, with aphasia, these are generally in the left temporal region of the brain, in the person this is revealed as a weakness to the right side of the body. (greenmedinfo.com)
  • Aphasia is caused by damage to the brain, often as a result of a stroke. (unl.edu)
  • When someone suffers a brain injury and loses the ability to speak, read and communicate, typically after a stroke, that condition is known as aphasia . (kvpr.org)
  • Other treatments include brain stimulation which is being studied and is under research for treatment of aphasia. (physio-pedia.com)
  • Aphasia is an impairment of language caused by damage to the areas of the brain responsible for expression and comprehension. (einpresswire.com)
  • Aphasia often results from damage to certain areas on the left side of the brain where language is produced. (einpresswire.com)
  • His case study "On the relationship between aphasia and senile atrophy of the brain" still serves as a frame of reference for apparently focal brain syndromes in diffuse or generalized degenerative diseases of the brain. (medscape.com)
  • To diagnose aphasia, the clinician will usually order a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan or a computed tomography (CT) scan to locate a brain injury. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Aphasia develops abruptly in patients with a stroke or head injury. (medscape.com)
  • Patients with neurodegenerative diseases or mass lesions may develop aphasia insidiously. (medscape.com)
  • Effectiveness of aphasia therapy, at least for some patients, is no longer under discussion but the specific effect of most of the variables influencing recovery is unknown. (speechbite.com)
  • The Adler Aphasia Center in Maywood, NJ is one of the only facilities in the world that treats solely patients with aphasia. (scrubsmag.com)
  • Aphasia is language dysfunction that may involve impaired comprehension or expression of words or nonverbal equivalents of words. (msdmanuals.com)
  • Generally speaking, aphasia hampers the ability to produce and to comprehend language in its spoken as well as written form. (helsinki.fi)
  • Aphasia does not affect their intelligence, but rather their ability to produce and process language, both spoken and written. (alwaysbestcare.com)
  • This study reports on the pattern of performance on spoken and written naming, spelling to dictation, and oral reading of single verbs and nouns in a bilingual speaker with aphasia in two first languages that differ in morphological complexity, orthographic transparency, and script: Greek (L1a) and English (L1b). (ed.gov)