Apexification: Endodontic procedure performed to induce TOOTH APEX barrier development. ROOT CANAL FILLING MATERIALS are used to repair open apex or DENTAL PULP NECROSIS in an immature tooth. CALCIUM HYDROXIDE and mineral trioxide aggregate are commonly used as the filling materials.Dental Pulp Necrosis: Death of pulp tissue with or without bacterial invasion. When the necrosis is due to ischemia with superimposed bacterial infection, it is referred to as pulp gangrene. When the necrosis is non-bacterial in origin, it is called pulp mummification.Calcium Compounds: Inorganic compounds that contain calcium as an integral part of the molecule.Silicates: The generic term for salts derived from silica or the silicic acids. They contain silicon, oxygen, and one or more metals, and may contain hydrogen. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th Ed)Calcium Hydroxide: A white powder prepared from lime that has many medical and industrial uses. It is in many dental formulations, especially for root canal filling.Aluminum Compounds: Inorganic compounds that contain aluminum as an integral part of the molecule.Oxides: Binary compounds of oxygen containing the anion O(2-). The anion combines with metals to form alkaline oxides and non-metals to form acidic oxides.Root Canal Filling Materials: Materials placed inside a root canal for the purpose of obturating or sealing it. The materials may be gutta-percha, silver cones, paste mixtures, or other substances. (Dorland, 28th ed, p631 & Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p187)Retrograde Obturation: Procedure that involves the removal of infectious products from a root canal space through use of special instruments and fillings. This procedure is performed when root canal treatment fails.Dental Cements: Substances used to bond COMPOSITE RESINS to DENTAL ENAMEL and DENTIN. These bonding or luting agents are used in restorative dentistry, ROOT CANAL THERAPY; PROSTHODONTICS; and ORTHODONTICS.Dental Service, Hospital: Hospital department providing dental care.Dental Equipment: The nonexpendable items used by the dentist or dental staff in the performance of professional duties. (From Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p106)Tooth: One of a set of bone-like structures in the mouth used for biting and chewing.Dental Audit: A detailed review and evaluation of selected clinical records by qualified professional personnel for evaluating quality of dental care.Tooth Discoloration: Any change in the hue, color, or translucency of a tooth due to any cause. Restorative filling materials, drugs (both topical and systemic), pulpal necrosis, or hemorrhage may be responsible. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p253)Tooth, Nonvital: A tooth from which the dental pulp has been removed or is necrotic. (Boucher, Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)Foot Injuries: General or unspecified injuries involving the foot.Lacerations: Torn, ragged, mangled wounds.Wounds, Penetrating: Wounds caused by objects penetrating the skin.Hydroxyzine: A histamine H1 receptor antagonist that is effective in the treatment of chronic urticaria, dermatitis, and histamine-mediated pruritus. Unlike its major metabolite CETIRIZINE, it does cause drowsiness. It is also effective as an antiemetic, for relief of anxiety and tension, and as a sedative.Facial Injuries: General or unspecified injuries to the soft tissue or bony portions of the face.Tetanus: A disease caused by tetanospasmin, a powerful protein toxin produced by CLOSTRIDIUM TETANI. Tetanus usually occurs after an acute injury, such as a puncture wound or laceration. Generalized tetanus, the most common form, is characterized by tetanic muscular contractions and hyperreflexia. Localized tetanus presents itself as a mild condition with manifestations restricted to muscles near the wound. It may progress to the generalized form.Anesthesia, Dental: A range of methods used to reduce pain and anxiety during dental procedures.Mucin-4: A transmembrane mucin that is found in a broad variety of epithelial tissue. Mucin-4 may play a role in regulating cellular adhesion and in cell surface signaling from the ERBB-2 RECEPTOR PROTEIN-TYROSINE KINASE. Mucin-4 is a heterodimer of alpha and beta chains. The alpha and beta chains result from the proteolytic cleavage of a precursor protein.Dentist's Practice Patterns: Patterns of practice in dentistry related to diagnosis and treatment.Dentists, Women: Female dentists.General Practice, Dental: Nonspecialized dental practice which is concerned with providing primary and continuing dental care.Practice Management, Dental: The organization and operation of the business aspects of a dental practice.Dentistry: The profession concerned with the teeth, oral cavity, and associated structures, and the diagnosis and treatment of their diseases including prevention and the restoration of defective and missing tissue.Dentist-Patient Relations: The psychological relations between the dentist and patient.Tooth Fractures: Break or rupture of a tooth or tooth root.Tooth Root: The part of a tooth from the neck to the apex, embedded in the alveolar process and covered with cementum. A root may be single or divided into several branches, usually identified by their relative position, e.g., lingual root or buccal root. Single-rooted teeth include mandibular first and second premolars and the maxillary second premolar teeth. The maxillary first premolar has two roots in most cases. Maxillary molars have three roots. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p690)Radiography, Dental: Radiographic techniques used in dentistry.Fractures, Bone: Breaks in bones.Root Canal Therapy: A treatment modality in endodontics concerned with the therapy of diseases of the dental pulp. For preparatory procedures, ROOT CANAL PREPARATION is available.Fracture Healing: The physiological restoration of bone tissue and function after a fracture. It includes BONY CALLUS formation and normal replacement of bone tissue.Dental Pulp: A richly vascularized and innervated connective tissue of mesodermal origin, contained in the central cavity of a tooth and delimited by the dentin, and having formative, nutritive, sensory, and protective functions. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)OdontoblastsPeriapical Tissue: Tissue surrounding the apex of a tooth, including the apical portion of the periodontal membrane and alveolar bone.Incisor: Any of the eight frontal teeth (four maxillary and four mandibular) having a sharp incisal edge for cutting food and a single root, which occurs in man both as a deciduous and a permanent tooth. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p820)Zinc Oxide-Eugenol Cement: Used as a dental cement this is mainly zinc oxide (with strengtheners and accelerators) and eugenol. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p50)Gutta-Percha: Coagulated exudate isolated from several species of the tropical tree Palaquium (Sapotaceae). It is the trans-isomer of natural rubber and is used as a filling and impression material in dentistry and orthopedics and as an insulator in electronics. It has also been used as a rubber substitute.Root Canal Obturation: Phase of endodontic treatment in which a root canal system that has been cleaned is filled through use of special materials and techniques in order to prevent reinfection.Hydrocarbons, IodinatedRoot Canal Preparation: Preparatory activities in ROOT CANAL THERAPY by partial or complete extirpation of diseased pulp, cleaning and sterilization of the empty canal, enlarging and shaping the canal to receive the sealing material. The cavity may be prepared by mechanical, sonic, chemical, or other means. (From Dorland, 28th ed, p1700)Retreatment: The therapy of the same disease in a patient, with the same agent or procedure repeated after initial treatment, or with an additional or alternate measure or follow-up. It does not include therapy which requires more than one administration of a therapeutic agent or regimen. Retreatment is often used with reference to a different modality when the original one was inadequate, harmful, or unsuccessful.Maxilla: One of a pair of irregularly shaped bones that form the upper jaw. A maxillary bone provides tooth sockets for the superior teeth, forms part of the ORBIT, and contains the MAXILLARY SINUS.Azores: A group of nine islands and several islets belonging to Portugal in the north Atlantic Ocean off the coast of Portugal. The islands are named after the acores, the Portuguese for goshawks, living there in abundance. (Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p102 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p42)Pinnipedia: The suborder of aquatic CARNIVORA comprising the WALRUSES; FUR SEALS; SEA LIONS; and EARLESS SEALS. They have fusiform bodies with very short tails and are found on all sea coasts. The offspring are born on land.Newspapers: Publications printed and distributed daily, weekly, or at some other regular and usually short interval, containing news, articles of opinion (as editorials and letters), features, advertising, and announcements of current interest. (Webster's 3d ed)Group II Phospholipases A2: A subcategory of secreted phospholipases A2 that includes enzymes isolated from a variety of sources. The creation of this group is based upon similarities in the structural determinants of the enzymes including a negatively charged carboxy-terminal segment.Bothrops: A genus of poisonous snakes of the VIPERIDAE family. About 50 species are known and all are found in tropical America and southern South America. Bothrops atrox is the fer-de-lance and B. jararaca is the jararaca. (Goin, Goin, and Zug, Introduction to Herpetology, 3d ed, p336)Phospholipases A: Phospholipases that hydrolyze one of the acyl groups of phosphoglycerides or glycerophosphatidates.Phospholipases A2: Phospholipases that hydrolyze the acyl group attached to the 2-position of PHOSPHOGLYCERIDES.Crotalid Venoms: Venoms from snakes of the subfamily Crotalinae or pit vipers, found mostly in the Americas. They include the rattlesnake, cottonmouth, fer-de-lance, bushmaster, and American copperhead. Their venoms contain nontoxic proteins, cardio-, hemo-, cyto-, and neurotoxins, and many enzymes, especially phospholipases A. Many of the toxins have been characterized.Gilbert Disease: A benign familial disorder, transmitted as an autosomal dominant trait. It is characterized by low-grade chronic hyperbilirubinemia with considerable daily fluctuations of the bilirubin level.Transglutaminases: Transglutaminases catalyze cross-linking of proteins at a GLUTAMINE in one chain with LYSINE in another chain. They include keratinocyte transglutaminase (TGM1 or TGK), tissue transglutaminase (TGM2 or TGC), plasma transglutaminase involved with coagulation (FACTOR XIII and FACTOR XIIIa), hair follicle transglutaminase, and prostate transglutaminase. Although structures differ, they share an active site (YGQCW) and strict CALCIUM dependence.

Endodontic treatment of bilateral dens evaginatus premolars with large periapical lesions. (1/18)

Dens evaginatus is a developmental anomaly characterized by the presence of an accessory cusp composed of enamel and dentine, usually containing pulp tissue. This condition is clinically important because of fracture or wear of the tubercle, which can frequently lead to the major complication of pulp necrosis and periapical infection. Treatment varies according to pulp condition, tubercle integrity, and stage of root development. Here we report a case of bilateral dens evaginatus with large periapical lesions. Non-surgical root canal treatment using calcium hydroxide medication was performed for both mandibular second premolars. At the 3-year postoperative recall examination, the teeth were asymptomatic and radiographically showed healing of the periapical lesions.  (+info)

Treatment options for teeth with open apices and apical periodontitis. (2/18)

Three clinical cases involving teeth with open apices and apical periodontitis were treated using different protocols. The first case was managed with intracanal calcium hydroxide paste for 12 months before obturation with gutta-percha and sealer. In the second case, an apical plug of mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) was used before obturation with gutta-percha and sealer and treatment was completed during 2 appointments. In the third case, the tooth, which had a divergent root canal system, was completely obturated with MTA and treatment was also completed over 2 appointments. In all 3 cases, signs of bone healing were observed after treatment.  (+info)

Treatment of crown dilaceration: an interdisciplinary approach. (3/18)


Sealing ability, marginal adaptation and their correlation using three root-end filling materials as apical plugs. (4/18)


Single-session use of mineral trioxide aggregate as an apical barrier in a case of external root resorption. (5/18)

External root resorption may occur as a consequence of trauma, orthodontic treatment, bacterial infection or incomplete sealing of the root canal system (bacterial re-infection), and lead to crater formation on the resorbed apex. This would deform the root apex surface, and cause loss of apical constriction. Depending on the extent of the resorptive process, different treatment regimens have been proposed. A 34-year-old male patient presented with an intra-radicular retainer and an inadequate filling on tooth #21, as well as a radiographic image suggesting periapical bone rarefaction. After root canal retreatment, the defect was accessed coronally. The resorption area was chemo-mechanically debrided and since the apical end was very wide, a calcium sulphate matrix was made. Mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) was used to fill the resorptive defect, and the coronal access was temporarily sealed. After 24 h, the quality of the apical seal was evaluated with the aid of an operating microscope, and then the root canal system was filled. A 12-month follow-up radiograph showed adequate repair of the resorption. Clinically, the tooth was asymptomatic. We concluded that MTA can be successfully used to avoid overextension of the filling material when treating a tooth with external resorption.  (+info)

Calcium hydroxide induced apical barrier in fractured nonvital immature permanent incisors. (6/18)


Mineral trioxyde aggregate versus calcium hydroxide in apexification of non vital immature teeth: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial. (7/18)


Clinical management of a complicated crown-root fracture: a case report. (8/18)


BACKGROUND: In the esthetic zone, difficult decisions must be made regarding extraction or retention of compromised teeth. Numerous factors need to be considered to arrive at a proper treatment plan, which may differ from a plan devised for the posterior region of the mouth. TYPES OF REVIEWED STUDIES: Studies were selected that provided background information for clinical decision-making concerning whether a compromised tooth should be retained or removed. RESULTS: In the esthetic zone, before resective surgical procures are used to resolve periodontitis, consideration should be given to the esthetic outcome. If endodontic therapy is required, additional issues need to be reviewed before initiating treatment, including restorability of the tooth, presence of a large periapical area, use of the tooth as an abutment, etc. Furthermore, before initiating periodontal or endodontic treatment, the patient’s susceptibility to additional periodontal disease progression and caries should be evaluated.
Book Chapter: Regenerative approaches in endodontic therapies of immature teeth. Kang, Mo K. and Bogen, George (2016). Regenerative approaches in endodontic therapies of immature teeth. In Nadia Chugal and Louis M. Lin (Ed.), Endodontic prognosis: clinical guide for optimal treatment outcome (pp. 65-86) Cham, Switzerland: Springer International Publishing. doi:10.1007/978-3-319-42412-5_5. ...
Most periapical diseases are induced as a result of direct or indirect involvement of oral bacteria. The etiologic factors are oral contaminants through the root canal or degenerating pulpal tissues. Therefore, mere surgical removal of the periapical lesions without proper root canal disinfection and obturation will not result in the healing of periapical tissues.. Conventional root canal treatment is aimed primarily at eliminating these bacteria as completely as possible. Treatment options to manage large periapical lesions range from non-surgical root canal treatment and /or apical surgery to extraction.  Current philosophy in the treatment of teeth with large periapical lesions includes non-surgical root canal treatment. When this treatment is not successful in resolving the periradicular pathosis, additional treatment in the form of surgical intervention (curettage and apical resection with retrograde filling) is given.. ...
Posted on October 21, 2005 in Extraction, Immediate Placement, Immediate Stabilization and Function, Integrated Abutment Crowns™, Restorative, Surgical. This case demonstrates the extraction of a maxillary left central incisor with internal resorption, immediate placement, transitional stabilization, implant level transfer impression, and insertion of immediately stabilized or loaded maxillary left central incisor implant as well as the insertion of an Integrated Abutment Crown™ with a seating jig.. ...
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Treatment of necrotic permanent teeth with an immature apex included either apexification or regenerative endodontics. Both these procedures have a high success rate when treating the infection in the tooth. However, when apexification procedures were used the roots were prone to fracture due to thin root walls. Regenerative endodontics allows for the continued thickening and elongation of the root, and therefore protection against fracture in adulthood.. Contemporary regenerative endodontic procedures involve at least 2 appointments. At the first appointment the tooth is disinfected with a rinse of 1.5% NaOCl and 17% EDTA, the canal is then dried and a medicament is placed. The medicament used is either a triple antibiotic paste, double antibiotic paste or calcium hydroxide. This medicament allows for further disinfection of the canal system. At the second appointment if the tooth is fully disinfected the canal is irrigated with just EDTA and then bleeding is evoked to allow growth factors and ...
Read a root canal case study from Huddersfield Endodontics, providers of root canal treatments. Currently accepting referrals - call 01484 654326 today.
This case demonstrates the extraction of a maxillary left first premolar and its replacement with a SHORT® 4.5 x 6.0mm implant using SynthoGraft™, Leukocyte and Platelet Rich Fibrin (LPRF), and collagen membranes. The osteotomy was carefully prepared using latch and hand reamers in 0.5mm increments despite a buccal bone perforation.
North Penn Endodontics & Endodontist Ingrida Dapkute, DMD; Andrew Kim, DMD; Gregory Newman, DMD; Robert Newman, DMD; Sean Nguyen, DMD; Donna Salin, DMD in Lansdale PA offers Endodontics, 215-855-1173
This graph shows the total number of publications written about "Endodontics" by people in this website by year, and whether "Endodontics" was a major or minor topic of these publications ...
Hingham Endodontics & Endodontist John V. Dolbec, DDS, Mohamed Kayali, DMD or Niloufar Khoobehi, DMD in Hingham MA offers Endodontics, 781-749-1119
Hingham Endodontics & Endodontist John V. Dolbec, DDS, Mohamed Kayali, DMD or Niloufar Khoobehi, DMD in Hingham MA offers Endodontics, 781-749-1119
Endodontics P.C. & Endodontist Drs. Lilly, Becker, Matt, Meder or Nashleanas in West Des Moines IA offers Endodontics, 515-224-4455
Manassas Endodontics & Endodontist Michael Piccinino, DDS, Jeffrey Thorpe, DDS, FICD, Matthew Detar, DDS ,MSD or Preeti Batra, BDS, MSD in Manassas VA offers Endodontics, (703) 368-8120
Peak Endodontics & Endodontist Christopher Maguire-Adams, DMD or Andrew Johnson, DDS in Renton WA offers Endodontics, 425-227-3368
Peak Endodontics & Endodontist Christopher Maguire-Adams, DMD or Andrew Johnson, DDS in Renton WA offers Endodontics, 425-227-3368
Issaquah Endodontics & Endodontist Willis P. Gabel, DDS, MS, Timothy A. Bachman, DMD or Susan E. Roberts, DDS, MSD in Issaquah WA offers Endodontics, 425-427-1120
North Penn Endodontics & Endodontist Ingrida Dapkute, DMD; Andrew Kim, DMD; Gregory Newman, DMD; Robert Newman, DMD; Sean Nguyen, DMD; Donna Salin, DMD in Lansdale PA offers Endodontics, 215-855-1173
endodontics - Read articles from Issue 2010(01). Read article PDFs using your inistitutions subscriptions with no additional login.
Mid-Cities Endodontics (Arlington) & Park Endodontics (Plano) & Endodontist Tariq Alsmadi B.D.S., D.M.D in Arlington TX offers Endodontics, 817-277-6601
Total elimination of bacteria from infected root canal systems remains the most important objective of endodontic therapy. Biomechanical instrumentation of the root canal system has been suggested to achieve this task. However, because of the complexity of the root canal system, it has been shown that the complete elimination of debris and achievement of a sterile root canal system is still an ongoing challenge. The task of cleaning and disinfecting a root canal system which contains microorganisms gathered in a biofilm is very difficult; certain bacterial species become more virulent when harbored in biofilm, demonstrating stronger pathogenic potential and increased resistance to antimicrobial agents since biofilm has the ability to prevent the entry and action of such agents. The use of lasers in the field of endodontology represents an innovative approach to match these requirements. In general, dental lasers provide greater accessibility of formerly unreachable parts of the tubular network,
Lake Norman Endodontics & Endodontist Robert R. Haglund, DMD, DDS or Phillip Bell, DMD in Mooresville NC offers Endodontics, 704-799-6979
Dr. John Bhambra of Progressive Endodontics of Greece welcomes new patients. We specialize in endodontic treatment, retreatment and surgery, and offer sedation dentistry to make your visit as relaxing as possible. Contact us today to schedule an appointment or to learn more about our services. ...
Endodontics Endodontics is a field of dentistry that deals with the cause, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of pulp-related diseases of the teeth
A clean, perfect smile can change the way you look. Let the best dentist in Schenectady look after your pearly whites by making a visit to Capital District Endodontics PC. This professional dentistry offers a wide range of dental remedies, including check-ups. When youre ready for your next cleaning, the dentists at Capital District Endodontics PC are ready for you.
Welcome to Pafford Endodontics! We offer a web-encrypted and secure way for you to fill out the registration in the comfort of your home. The entire process should take less than 10 minutes. You will need a password to complete your registration and we will provide it to you during your first contact with our office. Once you log in, the information contained in tabs number 1-6 will help prepare you for your upcoming visit to Pafford Endodontics. Tab number 7 allows you to complete your registration online at your convenience. If you have any questions, please contact our office at (404) 377-9395. We look forward to seeing you soon!. ...
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flare ups in endodontics -1 etiological factors - Free download as PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or read online for free. journal of endodontics
Annapolis Endodontics & Endodontist Louis H. Berman, DDS, Mark D. Lentz, DMD or Kenneth R. Hunter, DDS in Annapolis MD offers Endodontics, 410-268-4770
Dr. Harp Deol of Progressive Dental Specialists in Geneseo welcomes new patients. We specialize in endodontic treatment, retreatment and surgery, and offer sedation dentistry to make your visit as relaxing as possible. Contact us today to schedule an appointment or to learn more about our services. ...
Our Bowie & Silver Spring Endodontists specialize in saving teeth in Bowie, Silverspring and surrounding areas. Save your teeth and contact our Bowie Endodontist!
Epulis fissuratum. A lobulated soft tissue enlargement is present in the maxillary left mucolabial fold. The flange of the denture would fit between the rolls of tissue ...
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So often the patient will present with a previous radiograph that was imaged at another. Here presents that intake radiograph that was electronically attached to the patients file. Not a poor image yet it lacked the clarity I would prefer to visualize for the.... read more ...
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Visit Healthgrades for information on Dr. Ihor Voloshyn, DMD Find Phone & Address information, medical practice history, affiliated hospitals and more.
Apexification, stimulates cells in the periapical area of the tooth to form a dentin-like substance over the apex. Both improve ... Closely related to the field of regenerative endodontics, are the clinical procedures apexification and apexogenesis. When the ...
Apexification (Necrotic pulp) When the root is incompletely formed in adolescents and an infection occurs, apexification can be ... MTA is used for creating an apical plugs during apexification, repairing root perforations during root canal therapy, and ...
Such HSC is used for dental treatments such as: apicoectomy, apexification, pulp capping, pulpotomy, pulp regeneration, ...

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