Diseases of chimpanzees, gorillas, and orangutans.
A DNA repair enzyme that catalyses the excision of ribose residues at apurinic and apyrimidinic DNA sites that can result from the action of DNA GLYCOSYLASES. The enzyme catalyzes a beta-elimination reaction in which the C-O-P bond 3' to the apurinic or apyrimidinic site in DNA is broken, leaving a 3'-terminal unsaturated sugar and a product with a terminal 5'-phosphate. This enzyme was previously listed under EC
Family of the suborder HAPLORHINI (Anthropoidea) comprising bipedal primate MAMMALS. It includes modern man (HOMO SAPIENS) and the great apes: gorillas (GORILLA GORILLA), chimpanzees (PAN PANISCUS and PAN TROGLODYTES), and orangutans (PONGO PYGMAEUS).
This single species of Gorilla, which is a member of the HOMINIDAE family, is the largest and most powerful of the PRIMATES. It is distributed in isolated scattered populations throughout forests of equatorial Africa.
A species of orangutan, family HOMINIDAE, found in the forests on the island of Borneo.
The pygmy chimpanzee, a species of the genus Pan, family HOMINIDAE. Its common name is Bonobo, which was once considered a separate genus by some; others considered it a subspecies of PAN TROGLODYTES. Its range is confined to the forests of the central Zaire basin. Despite its name, it is often of equal size to P. troglodytes.
A genus of the family HYLOBATIDAE consisting of six species. The members of this genus inhabit rain forests in southeast Asia. They are arboreal and differ from other anthropoids in the great length of their arms and very slender bodies and limbs. Their major means of locomotion is by swinging from branch to branch by their arms. Hylobates means dweller in the trees. Some authors refer to Symphalangus and Nomascus as Hylobates. The six genera include: H. concolor (crested or black gibbon), H. hoolock (Hoolock gibbon), H. klossii (Kloss's gibbon; dwarf siamang), H. lar (common gibbon), H. pileatus (pileated gibbon), and H. syndactylus (siamang). H. lar is also known as H. agilis (lar gibbon), H. moloch (agile gibbon), and H. muelleri (silvery gibbon).
A species of GAMMARETROVIRUS causing leukemia in the gibbon ape. Natural transmission is by contact.
A skin ulcer is a breakdown of the skin's surface and underlying tissues, often caused by prolonged pressure, infection, or poor circulation, leading to a loss of continuity in the epidermis and dermis, potentially extending into deeper layers such as subcutaneous tissue, muscle, and bone.
A chronic disease caused by LEISHMANIA DONOVANI and transmitted by the bite of several sandflies of the genera Phlebotomus and Lutzomyia. It is commonly characterized by fever, chills, vomiting, anemia, hepatosplenomegaly, leukopenia, hypergammaglobulinemia, emaciation, and an earth-gray color of the skin. The disease is classified into three main types according to geographic distribution: Indian, Mediterranean (or infantile), and African.
Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
An endemic disease that is characterized by the development of single or multiple localized lesions on exposed areas of skin that typically ulcerate. The disease has been divided into Old and New World forms. Old World leishmaniasis is separated into three distinct types according to epidemiology and clinical manifestations and is caused by species of the L. tropica and L. aethiopica complexes as well as by species of the L. major genus. New World leishmaniasis, also called American leishmaniasis, occurs in South and Central America and is caused by species of the L. mexicana or L. braziliensis complexes.
A disease caused by any of a number of species of protozoa in the genus LEISHMANIA. There are four major clinical types of this infection: cutaneous (Old and New World) (LEISHMANIASIS, CUTANEOUS), diffuse cutaneous (LEISHMANIASIS, DIFFUSE CUTANEOUS), mucocutaneous (LEISHMANIASIS, MUCOCUTANEOUS), and visceral (LEISHMANIASIS, VISCERAL).
A disease characterized by the chronic, progressive spread of lesions from New World cutaneous leishmaniasis caused by species of the L. braziliensis complex to the nasal, pharyngeal, and buccal mucosa some time after the appearance of the initial cutaneous lesion. Nasal obstruction and epistaxis are frequent presenting symptoms.
A genus of flagellate protozoa comprising several species that are pathogenic for humans. Organisms of this genus have an amastigote and a promastigote stage in their life cycles. As a result of enzymatic studies this single genus has been divided into two subgenera: Leishmania leishmania and Leishmania viannia. Species within the Leishmania leishmania subgenus include: L. aethiopica, L. arabica, L. donovani, L. enrietti, L. gerbilli, L. hertigi, L. infantum, L. major, L. mexicana, and L. tropica. The following species are those that compose the Leishmania viannia subgenus: L. braziliensis, L. guyanensis, L. lainsoni, L. naiffi, and L. shawi.

A new group of hepadnaviruses naturally infecting orangutans (Pongo pygmaeus). (1/102)

A high prevalence (42.6%) of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection was suspected in 195 formerly captive orangutans due to a large number of serum samples which cross-reacted with human HBV antigens. It was assumed that such viral infections were contracted from humans during captivity. However, two wild orangutans were identified which were HBV surface antigen positive, indicating that HBV or related viruses may be occurring naturally in the orangutan populations. Sequence analyses of seven isolates revealed that orangutans were infected with hepadnaviruses but that these were clearly divergent from the six known human HBV genotypes and those of other nonhuman hepadnaviruses reported. Phylogenetic analyses revealed geographic clustering with Southeast Asian genotype C viruses and gibbon ape HBV. This implies a common origin of infection within this geographic region, with cross-species transmission of hepadnaviruses among hominoids.  (+info)

Evaluation of accumulation of hepatitis C virus mutations in a chronically infected chimpanzee: comparison of the core, E1, HVR1, and NS5b regions. (2/102)

Four hepatitis C virus genome regions (the core, E1, HVR1, and NS5b) were amplified and sequenced from yearly samples obtained from a chronically infected chimpanzee over a 12-year span. Nucleotide substitutions were found to accumulate in the core, E1, and HVR1 regions during the course of chronic infection; substitutions within the NS5b region were not detected for the first 8 years and were found to be minimal during the last 4 years. The rate of accumulation of mutations in the core and E1 regions, based on a direct comparison between the first 1979 sequence and the last 1990 sequence, was 1.120 x 10(-3), while phylogenetic ancestral comparison using the 12 yearly sequences showed a rate of 0.816 x 10(-3) bases per site per year. Temporal evaluation of the sequences revealed that there appeared to be periods in which substitutions accumulated and became fixed, followed by periods with relative stasis or random substitutions that did not persist. Synonymous and nonsynonymous substitutions within the core, E1, and HVR1 regions were also analyzed. In the core and E1 regions, synonymous substitutions predominated and gradually increased over time. However, within the HVR1 region, nonsynonymous substitutions predominated but gradually decreased over time.  (+info)

Molecular epidemiology of simian T-lymphotropic virus (STLV) in wild-caught monkeys and apes from Cameroon: a new STLV-1, related to human T-lymphotropic virus subtype F, in a Cercocebus agilis. (3/102)

A serological survey for human T-lymphotropic virus (HTLV)/simian T-lymphotropic virus (STLV) antibodies was performed in 102 wild-caught monkeys and apes from 15 (sub)species originating from Cameroon. Two animals (a Mandrillus sphinx and a Cercocebus agilis) exhibited a complete HTLV-1 seroreactivity pattern while two others lacked either the p24 (a Mandrillus sphinx) or the MTA-1/gp46 bands (a Pan troglodytes). Sequence comparison and phylogenetic analyses, using a 522 bp env gene fragment and the complete LTR, indicated that the two mandrill STLV strains belonged to the HTLV/STLV subtype D clade while the chimpanzee strain clustered in the HTLV/STLV subtype B clade. The Cercocebus agilis STLV strain, the first one found in this species, was closely related to the two HTLV/STLV subtype F strains. Such data indicate that the African biodiversity of STLV-1 in the wild is far from being known and reinforces the hypothesis of interspecies transmission of STLV-1 from monkeys and apes to humans leading to the present day distribution of HTLV-1 in African inhabitants.  (+info)

Cryptosporidiosis in people sharing habitats with free-ranging mountain gorillas (Gorilla gorilla beringei), Uganda. (4/102)

Cryptosporidiosis, a zoonotic diarrheal disease, significantly contributes to the mortality of people with impaired immune systems worldwide. Infections with an animal-adapted genotype (Genotype 2) of Cryptosporidium parvum were found in a human population in Uganda that shares habitats with free-ranging gorillas, from which the same genotype of C. parvum had been recovered previously. A high prevalence of disease was found in park staff members (21%) who frequently contact gorillas versus 3% disease prevalence in the local community. This indicates a zoonotic transmission cycle of this pathogen against which no effective prophylaxis or therapy exists. The results of the study questionnaire demonstrated a high percentage of people not undertaking appropriate precautions to prevent fecal-oral transmission of C. parvum in the Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, Uganda. This human population will benefit from stronger compliance with park regulations regarding disposal of their fecal waste within the park boundaries.  (+info)

Identification of a hepatitis B virus genome in wild chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes schweinfurthi) from East Africa indicates a wide geographical dispersion among equatorial African primates. (5/102)

DNAs from four wild chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes schweinfurthi) from eastern Africa were screened for 14 DNA viruses and retroviruses. Between two and three viruses were found in each animal. An entire hepatitis B virus (HBV) genome was amplified and sequenced from samples taken from one animal. This indicates that HBV is distributed across the entire range of chimpanzee habitats.  (+info)

Reduced transmission and prevalence of simian T-cell lymphotropic virus in a closed breeding colony of chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes verus). (6/102)

A retrospective study spanning 20 years was undertaken to investigate the prevalence and modes of transmission of a simian T-cell lymphotropic virus (STLV) in a closed breeding colony of chimpanzees. Of the 197 animals tested, 22 had antibodies that were cross-reactive with human T-cell lymphotropic virus type-1 (HTLV-I) antigens. The specificity of the antibody response was confirmed by Western blot analysis and the presence of a persistent virus infection was established by PCR analysis of DNA from peripheral blood mononuclear cells. Sequence analysis revealed that the virus infecting these chimpanzees was not HTLV-I but STLV(cpz), a virus that naturally infects chimpanzees. The limited number of transmission events suggested that management practices of social housing of family units away from troops of mature males might have prevented the majority of cases of transmission. Evidence for transmission by blood-to-blood contact was documented clearly in at least one instance. In contrast, transmission from infected mother to child was not observed, suggesting that this is not a common route of transmission for STLV in this species, which is in contrast to HTLV-1 in humans.  (+info)

Screening for simian foamy virus infection by using a combined antigen Western blot assay: evidence for a wide distribution among Old World primates and identification of four new divergent viruses. (7/102)

Simian foamy viruses (SFVs) belong to a genetically and antigenically diverse class of retroviruses that naturally infect a wide range of nonhuman primates (NHPs) and can also be transmitted to humans occupationally exposed to NHPs. Current serologic detection of SFV infection requires separate Western blot (WB) testing by using two different SFV antigens [SFV(AGM) (African green monkey) and SFV(CPZ) (chimpanzee)]. However, this method is labor intensive and validation is limited to only small numbers of NHPs. To facilitate serologic SFV testing, we developed a WB assay that combines antigens from both SFV(AGM) and SFV(CPZ). The combined-antigen WB (CA-WB) assay was validated with 145 serum samples from 129 NHPs (32 African and Asian species) and 16 humans, all with known SFV infection status determined by PCR. Concordant CA-WB results were obtained for all 145 PCR-positive or -negative primate and human specimens, giving the assay a 100% sensitivity and specificity. In addition, no reactivity was observed in sera from persons positive for human immunodeficiency virus or human T cell lymphotropic virus (HIV/HTLV) (n = 25) or HIV/HTLV-negative U.S. blood donors (n = 100). Using the CA-WB assay, we screened 360 sera from 43 Old World primate species and found an SFV prevalence of about 68% in both African and Asian primates. We also isolated SFV from the blood of four seropositive primates (Allenopithecus nigroviridis, Trachypithecus francoisi, Hylobates pileatus, and H. leucogenys) not previously known to be infected with SFV. Phylogenetic analysis of integrase sequences from these isolates confirmed that all four SFVs represent new, distinct, and highly divergent lineages. These results demonstrate the ability of the CA-WB assay to detect infection in a large number of NHP species, including previously uncharacterized infections with divergent SFVs.  (+info)

Structural and evolutionary analysis of an orangutan foamy virus. (8/102)

The full-length proviral genome of a foamy virus infecting a Bornean orangutan was amplified, and its sequence was analyzed. Although the genome showed a clear resemblance to other published foamy virus genomes from apes and monkeys, phylogenetic analysis revealed that simian foamy virus SFVora was evolutionarily equidistant from foamy viruses from other hominoids and from those from Old World monkeys. This finding suggests an independent evolution within its host over a long period of time.  (+info)

I'm not aware of a specific medical term called "Ape diseases." However, many primates, including apes, can suffer from diseases that are similar to those that affect humans. Some examples include:

1. Tuberculosis (TB): Both humans and apes can be infected with this bacterial disease, which primarily affects the lungs but can also impact other parts of the body.
2. Hepatitis: Apes can contract various forms of hepatitis, such as hepatitis B and C, just like humans. These viral infections affect the liver and can cause acute or chronic illness.
3. Respiratory infections: Both apes and humans are susceptible to respiratory infections caused by bacteria, viruses, or fungi.
4. Gastrointestinal diseases: Apes can suffer from gastrointestinal issues, such as diarrhea, due to various bacterial, viral, or parasitic infections.
5. Retroviral infections: Some apes are known to be infected with retroviruses, like simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV), which is similar to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). SIV can lead to a condition called simian AIDS in apes.
6. Zoonotic diseases: Apes can contract zoonotic diseases, which are transmitted from animals to humans, such as Ebola and Marburg viruses.
7. Cardiovascular diseases: Apes can develop heart conditions similar to those seen in humans, including hypertension and atherosclerosis.
8. Neurological disorders: Some apes may suffer from neurological issues, like Parkinson's disease or Alzheimer's disease, although research on these topics is still ongoing.

It's important to note that while apes can contract many of the same diseases as humans, there are also numerous diseases specific to each species due to differences in genetics, environment, and behavior.

Hominidae, also known as the "great apes," is a family of primates that includes humans (Homo sapiens), orangutans (Pongo pygmaeus), gorillas (Gorilla gorilla and Gorilla beringei), bonobos (Pan paniscus), and chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). This family is characterized by their upright walking ability, although not all members exhibit this trait. Hominidae species are known for their high intelligence, complex social structures, and expressive facial features. They share a common ancestor with the Old World monkeys, and fossil records suggest that this split occurred around 25 million years ago.

"Gorilla gorilla" is the scientific name for the Western Gorilla, a subspecies of the Gorilla genus. Western Gorillas are divided into two subspecies: the Western Lowland Gorilla (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) and the Cross River Gorilla (Gorilla gorilla diehli). Western Gorillas are native to the forests of central Africa, with Western Lowland Gorillas found in countries such as Gabon, Cameroon, Congo, and Equatorial Guinea, and Cross River Gorillas having a more restricted range along the border region of Nigeria and Cameroon.

Western Lowland Gorillas are the most numerous and widespread of all gorilla subspecies, but they still face significant threats from habitat loss, poaching, and disease. Cross River Gorillas are one of the world's 25 most endangered primates, with only a few hundred individuals remaining in the wild. Conservation efforts are underway to protect both subspecies and their habitats, including anti-poaching patrols, habitat restoration, and community education programs.

"Pongo pygmaeus" is the scientific name for the Bornean orangutan, a great ape species native to the island of Borneo in Southeast Asia. They are one of the two species of orangutans, with the other being "Pongo abelii," the Sumatran orangutan. Bornean orangutans are highly intelligent and exhibit advanced tool use, social behaviors, and emotional expressions. They have a reddish-brown fur coat, long arms, and a distinctively shaped face. Unfortunately, they are critically endangered due to habitat loss and hunting.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Pan paniscus" is actually the scientific name for a species of primate, specifically the Bonobo or "Pygmy Chimpanzee." Here is the medical/scientific definition:

Pan paniscus, also known as the Bonobo or Pygmy Chimpanzee, is one of the two extant species in the genus Pan, the other being Pan troglodytes (the Common Chimpanzee). Bonobos are native to the Democratic Republic of Congo in Central Africa. They are smaller than Common Chimpanzees and have a more gracile build, darker coat, and distinctive hair parting down the middle of their head.

Bonobos share approximately 98.7% of their DNA with humans, making them our closest living relatives alongside Common Chimpanzees. They are highly social animals, living in complex fission-fusion communities with fluid membership. Bonobos exhibit unique behaviors such as sexual interactions to reduce tension and promote social bonding, which sets them apart from other primates, including Common Chimpanzees.

If you have any questions about veterinary medicine or animal health, please feel free to ask!

"Hylobates" is not a medical term, but a biological genus name. It refers to a group of small, tailless primates known as gibbons or lesser apes, which are native to the forests of Southeast Asia. They are known for their agility in moving through trees by brachiation (arm-over-arm swinging).

There are currently 10 species recognized in the genus Hylobates, including the lar gibbon, agile gibbon, and siamang. While not a medical term, understanding the natural history of animals like gibbons can be important for medical professionals who work with them or study their diseases, as well as for conservationists and others interested in their welfare.

Gibbon Ape Leukemia Virus (GaLV) is not exactly a "leukemia virus" in the sense that it directly causes leukemia in humans. Instead, GaLV is a type of retrovirus that primarily infects gibbons and some other non-human primates. It's important to note that GaLV is not known to infect or cause disease in healthy human beings.

GaLV has four subtypes (A, B, C, and D), with A and B being the most well-studied. These viruses have a close genetic relationship with certain human retroviruses, such as Human T-cell Leukemia Virus types I and II (HTLV-I/II). Although GaLV is not known to cause leukemia or any other diseases in humans directly, it has served as an important model for understanding the biology and pathogenesis of retroviruses, including those that can cause leukemia and other malignancies in humans.

The term "leukemia virus" is often used to describe retroviruses that can cause leukemia or lymphoma, such as HTLV-I/II and Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). GaLV does not fit into this category for humans, but it's essential to understand its role in the context of retroviral research and comparative primatology.

A skin ulcer is a defined as a loss of continuity or disruption of the skin surface, often accompanied by inflammation and/or infection. These lesions can result from various causes including pressure, venous or arterial insufficiency, diabetes, and chronic dermatological conditions. Skin ulcers are typically characterized by their appearance, depth, location, and underlying cause. Common types of skin ulcers include pressure ulcers (also known as bedsores), venous leg ulcers, arterial ulcers, and diabetic foot ulcers. Proper evaluation, wound care, management of underlying conditions, and prevention strategies are crucial in the treatment of skin ulcers to promote healing and prevent complications.

Visceral leishmaniasis (VL), also known as kala-azar, is a systemic protozoan disease caused by the Leishmania donovani complex. It is the most severe form of leishmaniasis and is characterized by fever, weight loss, anemia, hepatosplenomegaly, and pancytopenia. If left untreated, it can be fatal in over 95% of cases within 2 years of onset of symptoms. It is transmitted to humans through the bite of infected female sandflies (Phlebotomus spp. or Lutzomyia spp.). The parasites enter the skin and are taken up by macrophages, where they transform into amastigotes and spread to internal organs such as the spleen, liver, and bone marrow. Diagnosis is typically made through demonstration of the parasite in tissue samples or through serological tests. Treatment options include antimonial drugs, amphotericin B, miltefosine, and paromomycin. Prevention measures include vector control, early detection and treatment, and protection against sandfly bites.

An encyclopedia is a comprehensive reference work containing articles on various topics, usually arranged in alphabetical order. In the context of medicine, a medical encyclopedia is a collection of articles that provide information about a wide range of medical topics, including diseases and conditions, treatments, tests, procedures, and anatomy and physiology. Medical encyclopedias may be published in print or electronic formats and are often used as a starting point for researching medical topics. They can provide reliable and accurate information on medical subjects, making them useful resources for healthcare professionals, students, and patients alike. Some well-known examples of medical encyclopedias include the Merck Manual and the Stedman's Medical Dictionary.

Cutaneous leishmaniasis is a neglected tropical disease caused by infection with Leishmania parasites, which are transmitted through the bite of infected female sandflies. The disease primarily affects the skin and mucous membranes, causing lesions that can be disfiguring and stigmatizing. There are several clinical forms of cutaneous leishmaniasis, including localized, disseminated, and mucocutaneous.

Localized cutaneous leishmaniasis is the most common form of the disease, characterized by the development of one or more nodular or ulcerative lesions at the site of the sandfly bite, typically appearing within a few weeks to several months after exposure. The lesions may vary in size and appearance, ranging from small papules to large plaques or ulcers, and can be painful or pruritic (itchy).

Disseminated cutaneous leishmaniasis is a more severe form of the disease, characterized by the widespread dissemination of lesions across the body. This form of the disease typically affects people with weakened immune systems, such as those with HIV/AIDS or those receiving immunosuppressive therapy.

Mucocutaneous leishmaniasis is a rare but severe form of the disease, characterized by the spread of infection from the skin to the mucous membranes of the nose, mouth, and throat. This can result in extensive tissue destruction, disfigurement, and functional impairment.

Cutaneous leishmaniasis is diagnosed through a combination of clinical evaluation, epidemiological data, and laboratory tests such as parasite detection using microscopy or molecular techniques, or serological tests to detect antibodies against the Leishmania parasites. Treatment options for cutaneous leishmaniasis include systemic or topical medications, such as antimonial drugs, miltefosine, or pentamidine, as well as physical treatments such as cryotherapy or thermotherapy. The choice of treatment depends on various factors, including the species of Leishmania involved, the clinical form of the disease, and the patient's overall health status.

Leishmaniasis is a complex of diseases caused by the protozoan parasites of the Leishmania species, which are transmitted to humans through the bite of infected female phlebotomine sandflies. The disease presents with a variety of clinical manifestations, depending upon the Leishmania species involved and the host's immune response.

There are three main forms of leishmaniasis: cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL), mucocutaneous leishmaniasis (MCL), and visceral leishmaniasis (VL), also known as kala-azar. CL typically presents with skin ulcers, while MCL is characterized by the destruction of mucous membranes in the nose, mouth, and throat. VL, the most severe form, affects internal organs such as the spleen, liver, and bone marrow, causing symptoms like fever, weight loss, anemia, and enlarged liver and spleen.

Leishmaniasis is prevalent in many tropical and subtropical regions, including parts of Asia, Africa, South America, and southern Europe. The prevention strategies include using insect repellents, wearing protective clothing, and improving housing conditions to minimize exposure to sandflies. Effective treatment options are available for leishmaniasis, depending on the form and severity of the disease, geographical location, and the Leishmania species involved.

Mucocutaneous Leishmaniasis (MCL) is a chronic, granulomatous disease caused by an infection with Leishmania species, primarily L. braziliensis and L. guyanensis. It affects both the mucous membranes (such as those of the nose, mouth, and throat) and the skin.

The initial infection often occurs through the bite of an infected female sandfly, which transmits the parasitic protozoa into the host's skin. After a variable incubation period, the disease can manifest in different clinical forms, including localized cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL), disseminated cutaneous leishmaniasis, and mucocutaneous leishmaniasis.

MCL is characterized by progressive destruction of the mucous membranes, leading to deformities and functional impairments. The infection typically starts as a cutaneous lesion at the site of the sandfly bite, which heals spontaneously within several months. However, in some cases, the parasites disseminate to the mucous membranes, causing severe inflammation, ulceration, and tissue necrosis.

Symptoms of MCL include:

1. Destruction of nasal septum, leading to a saddle-nose deformity
2. Perforation of the palate or septum
3. Hoarseness or loss of voice due to laryngeal involvement
4. Difficulty swallowing and speaking
5. Chronic rhinitis, sinusitis, or otitis media
6. Severe disfigurement and functional impairments in advanced cases

Diagnosis is usually made by identifying the parasites in tissue samples (such as biopsies) using microscopy, culture, or PCR-based methods. Treatment typically involves systemic antiparasitic drugs, such as pentavalent antimonials, amphotericin B, miltefosine, or combination therapies, along with surgical interventions to reconstruct damaged tissues in advanced cases.

Leishmania is a genus of protozoan parasites that are the causative agents of Leishmaniasis, a group of diseases with various clinical manifestations. These parasites are transmitted to humans through the bite of infected female phlebotomine sandflies. The disease has a wide geographic distribution, mainly in tropical and subtropical regions, including parts of Asia, Africa, South America, and Southern Europe.

The Leishmania species have a complex life cycle that involves two main stages: the promastigote stage, which is found in the sandfly vector, and the amastigote stage, which infects mammalian hosts, including humans. The clinical manifestations of Leishmaniasis depend on the specific Leishmania species and the host's immune response to the infection.

The three main forms of Leishmaniasis are:

1. Cutaneous Leishmaniasis (CL): This form is characterized by skin lesions, such as ulcers or nodules, that can take several months to heal and may leave scars. CL is caused by various Leishmania species, including L. major, L. tropica, and L. aethiopica.

2. Visceral Leishmaniasis (VL): Also known as kala-azar, VL affects internal organs such as the spleen, liver, and bone marrow. Symptoms include fever, weight loss, anemia, and enlarged liver and spleen. VL is caused by L. donovani, L. infantum, and L. chagasi species.

3. Mucocutaneous Leishmaniasis (MCL): This form affects the mucous membranes of the nose, mouth, and throat, causing destruction of tissues and severe disfigurement. MCL is caused by L. braziliensis and L. guyanensis species.

Prevention and control measures for Leishmaniasis include vector control, early diagnosis and treatment, and protection against sandfly bites through the use of insect repellents and bed nets.

"Great ape health watch: Enhancing surveillance for emerging infectious diseases in great apes". American Journal of Primatology ... The spread of infectious diseases poses a severe threat to already endangered great ape populations. Despite the severe risk of ... Non-human great apes are found in 21 countries in Africa and in two countries in South East Asia. Great ape populations are ... International commitment to the great apes was reaffirmed at an Intergovernmental Meeting on great apes and the first GRASP ...
Cutaneous disease is most common in Afghanistan, Algeria, Brazil, Colombia, and Iran, while mucocutaneous disease is most ... González C, Wang O, Strutz SE, González-Salazar C, Sánchez-Cordero V, Sarkar S (January 2010). Galvani AP (ed.). "Climate ... It is classified as a neglected tropical disease. The disease may occur in a number of other animals, including dogs and ... Nearly 13,000 cases of the disease were recorded in all of Colombia throughout 2004, and about 360 new instances of the disease ...
Ebola virus disease Ebola virus disease treatment research "Ervebo (zaire ebolavirus- strain kikwit-95 envelope glycoprotein ... Fausther-Bovendo H, Mulangu S, Sullivan NJ (June 2012). "Ebolavirus vaccines for humans and apes". Current Opinion in Virology ... Center for Infectious Disease Research and Policy (CIDRAP) and Wellcome Trust. Archived (PDF) from the original on 18 January ... Congress passed a law in 2004 that funds a national stockpile of vaccines and medicine for possible outbreaks of disease. A ...
They discover the disease was engineered by advanced apes to ensure humanity's eventual destruction. Arnold Schwarzenegger ... Davis, Jason (2013). "Aping Race, Racing Apes". In Huss, John (ed.). Planet of the Apes and Philosophy: Great Apes Think Alike ... Planet of the Apes: Urchak's Folly, the Alien Nation crossover Ape Nation, Planet of the Apes: Blood of the Apes and Planet of ... Escape from the Planet of the Apes, Conquest of the Planet of the Apes, and Battle for the Planet of the Apes. They did not ...
Humans, apes, and birds serve as natural hosts. There are currently 18 species in this family, divided among 5 genera. Its best ... Diseases associated with this family include: liver infections, such as hepatitis, hepatocellular carcinomas (chronic ... Avihepadnavirus Orthohepadnavirus Herpetohepadnavirus Metahepadnavirus Parahepadnavirus Although liver diseases transmissible ...
She then wrote a column on evolution, titled Planet Of The Apes, which ran from April, 2011 to October, 2012, when she left the ... Sometimes it takes a scary sounding disease story to highlight the importance of science literate journalism. -Faye Flam, KSJ ... While writing the Planet Of The Apes blog for the Inquirer, Flam wrote an article about evolution as though the responses had ... This approach continued, with Higgs guest-authoring other posts in the Planet Of The Apes blog, and "Higgs, the Science Cat" ...
... heart disease and other individual diseases. 8 October The Nobel Prize in Physics has been awarded to François Englert and ... "Evolution: Fossils Pinpoint Ape and Monkey Split". Design & Trend. 15 May 2013. Archived from the original on 10 June 2013. ... potentially helping to treat neurological diseases such as Parkinson's disease. A much-vaunted experimental vaccine for ... "Man with kidney disease first in U.S. to get bioengineered vein". CNET. 6 June 2013. Retrieved 7 June 2013. Williams, Sarah C. ...
The higher an African ape's population density, the better a disease fares. 55% of chimps at the Gombe reserve die of disease, ... While a disease specific to hominins must keep its human host alive long enough to transmit itself, zoonotic diseases will not ... The majority of these diseases are still restricted to hot and damp African environments. Once hominins had moved out into ... Zoonotic diseases are those that are transmitted from animals to humans. ...
Ozzie had heart disease and arthritis. He died on January 25, 2022, after experiencing facial swelling, weakness, and loss of ... List of individual apes Emerson, Bo (January 26, 2022). "Zoo Atlanta announces that Ozzie, oldest living male gorilla, has died ... Ozzie was a subject in a heart disease study at Zoo Atlanta. In 2009, he learned how to take his own blood pressure by ...
Humans, apes, pigs, and dogs serve as natural hosts. There are currently 18 species in the two genera Orthorubulavirus and ... Diseases associated with this genus include mumps. Members of the subfamily are collectively called rubulaviruses. The ... Humans, apes, pigs, and dogs serve as the natural host. Transmission routes are respiratory and saliva. The virus often infects ...
"Human and great ape red blood cells differ in plasmalogen levels and composition". Lipids in Health and Disease. 10: 101. doi: ... Parkinson's disease, Niemann-Pick disease, type C, Down syndrome, and multiple sclerosis, it is not clear if this is causal or ... In such cases, both copies of the GNPAT or AGPS gene must be mutated in order for disease to manifest. Unlike the peroxisome ... Gene expression data from all these species caused the authors to speculate that other human and great ape cells and tissues ...
Mayhew suffered from cancer and Parkinson's disease in his later years. He died on 25 June 2016, aged 86, in his home in Kent ... co-founded the outdoor adventure company Go Ape.[citation needed] His son, Jerome Mayhew, is the Conservative MP for the ...
"Protecting Great Apes & Primates from Disease & Trafficking - The Jane Goodall Institute". The Jane Goodall Institute. ...
Aerico (Greek) - Disease demon. Æsir (Norse) - Norse deities. Afanc (Welsh) - Lake monster (exact lake varies by story). Agni ( ... Agogwe (East Africa) - Small, ape-like humanoid. Ahkiyyini (Inuit) - Animated skeleton that causes shipwrecks. Ahuizotl (Aztec ... Ardat-Lili (Akkadian) - Disease demon. Argus Panoptes (Greek) - Hundred-eyed giant. Arikura-no-baba (Japanese) - Old woman with ... Acheri (Hindu) - Disease-bringing ghost. Achiyalabopa (Pueblo) - Huge bird god. Achlis (Roman) - Curious elk. Adar Llwch Gwin ( ...
The two warring sides each have an Einstein on a leash which they force to press the button, releasing clouds of disease- ... Other vignettes involve apes performing various human activities, ape armies assembling, and other more surreal imagery. ... Ape and Essence (1948) is a novel by Aldous Huxley, published by Chatto & Windus in the UK and Harper & Brothers in the US. It ... The book makes extensive use of surreal imagery, depicting humans as apes who, as a whole, will inevitably kill themselves. The ...
These include curing the Great Ape's disease and saving his friends from the evil poachers. These poachers want to capture the ... The player controls Tarzan (based on the famous character created by Edgar Rice Burroughs for his novel Tarzan of the Apes) in ...
Adult male gorillas are prone to fibrosing cardiomyopathy, a degenerative heart disease. List of individual apes Cross River ... Disease has also been a factor in the survival of the western lowland gorilla. The Ebola epizootic in western and central ... The gorilla became the next-to-last great ape genus to have its genome sequenced. This was done in 2012. This has given ... The presence of western lowland gorillas has allowed the study of how gorillas compare with humans in regard to human diseases ...
This is consistent with the growth rate of non-human great apes. She may have had gum disease. Lufengpithecus probably had a ... Lufeng ape') is an extinct genus of ape, known from the Late Miocene of East Asia. It is known from thousands of dental remains ... One of the original authors who assigned the Longgupo specimen to Homo now considers it to be a "mystery ape". A possibly ... Ape fossils collected in the 1950s at Keiyuan County in Yunnan originally attributed to Dryopithecus keiyuanensis were ...
Charles Rodman is a sufferer of Alzheimer's disease and father to Will Rodman in Rise of the Planet of the Apes. Rodman was ... In Planet of the Apes, Nova is captured by the apes alongside Taylor, they are taken to ape city where they are paired up in a ... the apes on board escaping and creating the current ape society. Leo leads a human rebellion against the apes; as the fighting ... Virgil is Ape City's foremost scientist and teacher, and an advisor and friend to Caesar. Virgil's students are both apes and ...
Instead, great apes often groom sick conspecifics or just treat them with indifference. Additionally, great apes treat products ... Navarrete, Carlos David; Fessler, Daniel M.T. (2006). "Disease avoidance and ethnocentrism: The effects of disease ... Many patients with Huntington's disease, a genetically transmitted progressive neurodegenerative disease, are unable to ... Great apes almost always remove feces from their bodies after accidentally stepping in it, even in instances where it would be ...
Rayner JC, Liu W, Peeters M, Sharp PM, Hahn BH (May 2011). "A plethora of Plasmodium species in wild apes: a source of human ... Coatney, G.R.; National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (1971). The primate malarias. U.S. National Institute of ...
... scarring and vascular varicose disease. Brent is separated from Nova and taken to a cell where he finds Taylor. One mutant, ... Along with the animated series Return to the Planet of the Apes, this film is one of only two 1970s Planet of the Apes ... The film is the sequel to Planet of the Apes (1968) and the second installment in the Planet of the Apes original film series. ... It was followed by Escape from the Planet of the Apes in 1971. Following the events of Planet of the Apes, time-displaced ...
Buck Kartalian, 93, American actor (Planet of the Apes, Cool Hand Luke, The Rock). Malik Iqbal Mehdi Khan, 64, Pakistani ... Intikhab, 22, American racehorse, heart disease. John Lyons, 90, British trade union leader. José Luis Romo Martín, 62, Mexican ... Rudra Madhab Ray, 78, Indian politician, kidney disease. Ghislaine Roquet, 90, Canadian nun and academic. Pam Royds, 91, ... Jacky Lee, 77, American football player (Denver Broncos, Kansas City Chiefs), Alzheimer's disease. Balraj Madhok, 96, Indian ...
In the foreword to Fox's Disease in Captive Wild Mammals and Birds (1923), he decried the fact that most animal diseases were ... Hingston, Sandy (December 19, 2020). "The Day the Great Apes Died: The Legacy of the 1995 Philadelphia Zoo Fire". Fox, Herbert ... He authored the Text-Book on Diseases of Women (1897), which the Cincinnati Lancet-Clinic described as a concise text that was ... "A Text-book of Diseases of Women". Cincinnati Lancet-Clinic. 39 (13): 315. 1897. "Book reviews". Cincinnati Lancet-Clinic. 47: ...
Once the ape is in the care of Galdikas and her staff, it is raised (if it is young) or treated for any diseases or injuries in ... Others were concerned that the released rehabilitated apes would spread diseases to local wild orangutan populations. ... The orphaned apes were often psychologically damaged and difficult to control. Some even attacked guests and staffers. ... The new insight from Galdikas' research with the Asian Ape (orangutan) drew a lot of media attention. Galdikas' found that she ...
Roberts, Alice May (2008). Rotator cuff disease in humans and apes: a palaeopathological and evolutionary perspective on ... Writing in the i newspaper in 2016, Roberts dismissed the aquatic ape hypothesis (AAH) as a distraction "from the emerging ... aquatic apes' - here's why". The Conversation. Retrieved 16 October 2016. Roberts, Alice; McLysaght, Aoife (2018). "Who am I ...
Crab lice are not known to transmit disease. In infested individuals an average of a dozen lice can be found. Although they are ... Weiss RA (10 February 2009). "Apes, lice and prehistory". J Biol. 8 (2): 20. doi:10.1186/jbiol114. PMC 2687769. PMID 19232074. ... CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) (2017-05-02). "Parasites: pubic "crab" lice". www.cdc.gov. Retrieved 2017-12- ... CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) (2017-05-02). "Pubic "crab" lice: epidemiology & risk factors". www.cdc.gov. ...
Ebola virus disease (Report). World Health Organization. Retrieved 6 June 2019. "Ebola virus disease outbreak". World Health ... End hosts are humans and great apes, infected through bat contact or through other end hosts. Pigs in the Philippines have been ... Tropical diseases, Zoonoses, Ebola, 1976 in biology, Animal viral diseases, Arthropod-borne viral fevers and viral haemorrhagic ... "Ebola virus disease". Quammen, David (30 December 2014). "Insect-Eating Bat May Be Origin of Ebola Outbreak, New Study Suggests ...
He has, also, guided international efforts to protect endangered species from human diseases and prevent future pandemics. ... Carrington, Damian (24 March 2020). "Coronavirus poses lethal threat to great apes, experts warn". The Guardian. Retrieved 22 ... Kimbrough, Liz (3 April 2014). "Next big idea in forest conservation? Connecting deforestation to disease". Mongabe. Sullivan, ... recognized for his integrative approach to the conservation of biodiversity and mitigation of emerging infectious diseases. He ...
"Valvular heart disease and the use of dopamine agonists for Parkinson's disease". The New England Journal of Medicine. 356 (1 ... Cardiac fibrosis is common in non-human great apes in human care. The term idiopathic myocardial fibrosis was coined to ... Certain diseases such as neuroendocrine tumor of the small intestine (also known by the obsolete term carcinoid), which ... Hopkins PN, Polukoff GI (June 2003). "Risk of valvular heart disease associated with use of fenfluramine". BMC Cardiovascular ...
... it has been proposed that the great apes (chimpanzees, gorillas and orangutans) as well as other captive non-human primates can ... Adult Refsum disease may be divided into the adult Refsum disease 1 and adult Refsum disease 2 subtypes. The former stems from ... Refsum disease is an autosomal recessive neurological disease that results in the over-accumulation of phytanic acid in cells ... Adult Refsum disease should not be confused with infantile Refsum disease, a peroxisome biogenesis disorder resulting from ...
Forest Service had warned visitors to Ape Cave at Mount St. Helens of the disease. Now that it's been found in Washington ... New urgency in protecting Ape Cave from deadly disease. Dead bat in state a reminder of Mount St. Helens Achilles heel. By ... Ape Cave is free from the fungus, and the Forest Service wants to keep it that way. In February, Wainwright sent samples from ... One of the most alluring features of the monument is the Ape Cave, a nearly 2.5-mile-long lava tube on the south side of the ...
Infectious diseases are major threats to apes in Africa. In addition to Ebola virus disease, a leading cause of death, the ... At the time of sampling, the animals were anesthetized and showed no evident signs of disease. All apes were born and reared in ... Chlamydia-Related Bacteria in Free-Living and Captive Great Apes, Gabon. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2016;22(12):2199-2201. ... Chlamydia-Related Bacteria in Free-Living and Captive Great Apes, Gabon. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 22(12), 2199-2201. https ...
Spreading The Disease ‎(CD, Album, RE, RP) Island Masters, Island Records, Megaforce Worldwide. IMCD 136, 826 668-2. Europe. ... Spreading The Disease ‎(CD, Album, Ltd, RM) Island Records, Megaforce Worldwide. UICY-75528. Japan. 2013. ... Spreading The Disease ‎(CD, Album) Megaforce Worldwide, Island Records. 90480-2, CID 9806. US. 1985. ... Spreading The Disease ‎(Cass, Album, Unofficial) Takt Music. XCD 075. Poland. Unknown. ...
"Great ape health watch: Enhancing surveillance for emerging infectious diseases in great apes". American Journal of Primatology ... The spread of infectious diseases poses a severe threat to already endangered great ape populations. Despite the severe risk of ... Non-human great apes are found in 21 countries in Africa and in two countries in South East Asia. Great ape populations are ... International commitment to the great apes was reaffirmed at an Intergovernmental Meeting on great apes and the first GRASP ...
Wild great apes as sentinels and sources of infectious disease. Clin. Microbiol. Infect. 18, 521-527 (2012). ... Conklin-Brittain, N. L., Knott, C. D. & Wrangham, R. W. The Feeding Ecology of Apes. The Apes: Challenges for the 21st Century ... but physical contact between living great apes and humans is rare47. Hunting usually results in the death of the great ape. ... Hicks, A. L. et al. Gut microbiomes of wild great apes fluctuate seasonally in response to diet. Nat. Commun. 9, 1-8 (2018). ...
Humans are apes. The tips of our phylogenetic tree are really not that hard to understand. ... As one example, take the changed prevalence of genetic diseases. As these are caused by alleles (and therefore the frequency of ...
Fishman AP, ed. Pulmonary diseases and disorders. 2nd ed. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill; 1998. Vol 2: 1619-24. ... Diseases & Conditions Hospital-Acquired Pneumonia (Nosocomial Pneumonia) and Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia * 2002225976- ... Humans may acquire disease by handling sick birds. Mouth-to-beak resuscitation has also been implicated in transmission. ... Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Morbidity Mortality Weekly Reports. 2000. 49:3-17. [QxMD MEDLINE Link]. ...
Nonhuman primates (e.g., monkeys and apes).. *Mammals at high risk for transmitting rabies (e.g., bats, raccoons, skunks, foxes ... Enteric (Intestinal) Diseases Infections with enteric bacteria and parasites pose the highest risk for human disease from ... Zoonotic diseases (i.e., zoonoses) are diseases transmitted between animals and humans. Of particular concern are instances in ... including infectious diseases, exposure to rabies, and injuries. Infectious disease outbreaks have been caused by Escherichia ...
... leaving the great apes hidden in the dark. Its already hard enough to save our own kind, but will we still have enough stamina ... disease. Some diseases can eat through these wild populations and leave mass destruction in their wake. ... 6 Whirling Disease. The fish in rivers are threatened by an invisible predator-a crippling illness that forces them to swim in ... Whirling disease is not as severe as Ebola or canine distemper, so there is a good chance that the trout and salmon of North ...
great ape; bushmeat; poaching; disease; mining; Côte dIvoire; Ghana; Guinea; Guinea-Bissau; Liberia; Mali; Senegal; Sierra ...
Lung mechanics in disease In: Fishman AP, ed. Handbook of Physiology. Section 3. Vol. III. Part 2. The Respiratory System ... Effect of salmeterol on the ventilatory response to exercise in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. D.E. ODonnell, N. Voduc ... An evaluation of salmeterol in the treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Eur Respir J 1997;10:815-821. ... Dynamic hyperinflation and exercise intolerance in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2001;164: ...
... is a debilitating group of chronic diseases including Crohns Disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC), which causes ... and how they are connected across different disease conditions at the global scale. In this study, using faecal samples from ... Nishida AH, Ochman H. A great-ape view of the gut microbiome. Nat Rev Genet. 2019;20:195-206. ... Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), is a debilitating group of chronic diseases including Crohns Disease (CD) and ulcerative ...
... recent three-day event celebrating a collection of Bored Ape Yacht Club NFTs have reported eye and skin irritation, potentially ... Mandy Cohen, director of the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, updated a congressional subcommittee Thursday about ... Bored Ape Yacht Club NFT Creator Yuga Labs Raises $450 Million in Seed Round, Valuing Company at $4 Billion ... People who showed up to Yuga Labs recent three-day event celebrating a collection of Bored Ape Yacht Club NFTs have reported ...
Besides the bites themselves, monkeys and apes also carry diseases. Since they are a lot more like us than cats or dogs are, ... Apes and monkeys are smart, but not tractable, except when they are young. Most of the chimps you see on TV are (in chimp terms ... And ask yourself this: how would a human doctor even know to look for a disease normally found only in macaques?) ... Here is an article on all the diseases one can get from nonhuman primates, including ebola, Marburg, monkeypox, viral hepatitis ...
... it is an APEtastic time to venture to Brookfield Zoos Tropic World for Ape Awareness Weekend. ... They include illegal hunting, deforestation, the bushmeat trade, disease, and climate change. ... for Ape Awareness Weekend. The celebration highlights the zoos three ape species: western lowland gorillas, orangutans, and ... The exhibit will be full of visuals, including the types of food apes eat and items that are used for training the animals to ...
Categories: Ape Diseases Image Types: Photo, Illustrations, Video, Color, Black&White, PublicDomain, CopyrightRestricted 1 ... The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) cannot attest to the accuracy of a non-federal website. ... Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. CDC twenty four seven. Saving Lives, Protecting People ...
... bipolar disease. Animals dont get these," Goldman said in a telephone interview. Apes might - its not clear. "One of the ... "There are a number of diseases that are specific to humans -- neuropsychiatric diseases, schizophrenia, ... These diseases both are marked by abnormal brain cells, including glia. "It is possible that by introducing normal glial cells ... These new mice might be used to study ways to treat a range of human diseases. The technique of transplanting progenitor cells ...
Cows, pigs, sheep, great apes carry Neu5GC. Eating meat can cause heart disease because we make an antibody to Neu5GC. Meat may ... heart disease, and neurodegenerative diseases with a protocol that detoxes the cells, repairs the gut, and nourishes the body. ... Mans lineage separated from apes about 8 million years ago.. Harnessing of fire is what changed us into humans. No primate can ... A sugar molecule that lines our blood vessels, Neu5AC, is different from what great apes have. We share Neu5AC with chicken, ...
Thats all the more impressive given that many great apes fail to understand pointing when its done for them by human ... Contact With Monkeys and Apes Puts Populations at Risk. Dec. 27, 2018 Animal diseases that infect humans are a major threat to ... Thats all the more impressive given that many great apes fail to understand pointing when its done for them by human ... Thats all the more impressive given that many great apes fail to understand pointing when its done for them by human ...
One would think that the consumption of ape would only be necessitated by desperate hunger. This does not seem to be the case ... Worse yet the consumption of bushmeat has been linked to the spread of several diseases including HIV and even Ebola. ... Stop the hunting of endangered apes. [Apologetic_Cynic, Oct 04 2004, last modified Oct 21 2004] [link]. ... A recent side affect of this is the ever increasing problem of the consumption of bushmeat. Bushmeat consists of great apes ...
Contact experts in EMERGING INFECTIOUS DISEASES to get answers ... ape, and bat are common. Importation is of course illegal, but ... Review and cite EMERGING INFECTIOUS DISEASES protocol, troubleshooting and other methodology information , ... Explore the latest questions and answers in Emerging Infectious Diseases, and find Emerging Infectious Diseases experts. ... Does someone have an investigation on the disease ecology of snake fungal disease? ...
Whereas infectious diseases affecting apes are of great interest to many researchers, not much work has been done regarding the ... Ape populations are not only threatened by habitat loss and hunting. Additional threats include infectious diseases and likely ... A further goal of this project is to develop a series of GIS layers, ranging from ape population data availability, ape ... Ape conservation research. Ape populations are declining and disappearing throughout their range. Therefore, the easy ...
An additional threat to great apes - as well as human health - is the Ebola virus disease. Continued research into developing a ... as are educational efforts on how to avoid spreading the disease and transmission between humans and great apes. ... Biotech Cancer Coronavirus/COVID-19 Clinical Trials Diabetes Genetics Infectious Disease Neuro Obesity Women?s Health View all ... Our study found that apes could live in safety, and thus in higher numbers, at guarded sites than if there was no protection." ...
... diseases of the mind dyspepsia kidney disease consumption in first and second stage catarrhal deafness heart disease diseases ... Haa in impede indent m their ape eos to _ going Wegt the extent of stutter my. Or South ? if so write me. I it is honestly and ... Throat and catarrhal diseases epilepsy St. Vitus dance neuralgia trembling of the hands or limbs to k Back and All ... In the Camden Campaign he contracted Dis ease from which he became totally Blind while still in the service. In port we Rounot ...
To protect gorillas from disease, no children under 15 years are allowed to go gorilla tracking. For guests booking a stay at ... All of us involved in this area will need to find new economic, business ways of working to safeguard the great ape species and ... We will need to be less romantic and more hard-headed if we are to have any hope of saving the Great Apes. ... As we all know, the populations of apes in the Congo basin are very threatened. Although not easy, the model of Uganda and ...
It begins as scientist Will Rodman (James Franco) tries to develop a cure for Alzheimers disease. Like most movie scientists, ... Ape Fear. By Jeffrey M. Anderson. Rise of the Planet of the Apes may be my favorite summer popcorn movie of 2011. So far its ... Directed by Rupert Wyatt, Rise of the Planet of the Apes is the seventh feature film. This one has the clever concept of ... It had nowhere to go but up, given that the last Planet of the Apes movie was Tim Burtons abominably awful 2001 version, which ...
Alzheimer apes has been significantly restricted after Testbiotech filed an opposition. The Alzheimer animals were meant for ... What they all have in common: even if the genetically modified animals develop various symptoms of the disease, it has not been ... There are already many more than a hundred animal models designed to simulate Alzheimers disease. ... 2 February 2023 / A patent covering genetically engineered Alzheimer apes has been significantly restricted after Testbiotech ...
... detection of diseases on blood, fecal screening, etc.) - Monthly fecal examinations and deworming when necessary (chimpanzees, ... To show your support for the great apes, please link to the Ape Alliance. ... Copyright © 2023 Ape Alliance All rights reserved.. Privacy PolicyWebsite by Reaper Enterprises ...
  • Humans are apes. (creation.com)
  • Humans may acquire disease by handling sick birds. (medscape.com)
  • Zoonotic diseases (i.e., zoonoses) are diseases transmitted between animals and humans. (cdc.gov)
  • Understandably, researchers are scrambling to shed light on the devastating impact that the disease has on humans, leaving the great apes hidden in the dark. (listverse.com)
  • There are a number of diseases that are specific to humans -- neuropsychiatric diseases, schizophrenia, bipolar disease. (nbcnews.com)
  • Alongside hunting and deforestation, infectious diseases are a major threat - and genetic similarity with humans means great apes can catch some diseases from people. (exeter.ac.uk)
  • Previous research has identified outbreaks of such viruses among chimpanzees , while another study found that nearly every mountain gorilla group visited by humans in Rwanda experienced at least one outbreak of respiratory disease . (exeter.ac.uk)
  • Okay, you knew that humans and apes were genetically close. (abbythelibrarian.com)
  • And maybe you've heard that some diseases like AIDS and ebola may have spread to humans from apes. (abbythelibrarian.com)
  • The latest coronavirus disease started as a result of humans eating wildlife or otherwise being infected by wildlife caged for human consumption (a cultural practice that the Chinese government has now banned). (salarts.org.au)
  • Whereas their forager ancestors "suffered less from infectious diseases," thanks in part to a more varied diet, the lion's share of the "infectious diseases that have plagued agricultural and industrial societies (such as smallpox, measles and tuberculosis) originated in domesticated animals and were transferred to humans only after the Agricultural Revolution. (breakpoint.org)
  • Dogs don't produce cats and individual apes don't morph into humans. (topdocumentaryfilms.com)
  • Human Ape Science - 93 min - ★ 8.26 Humans are apes. (topdocumentaryfilms.com)
  • Infectious diseases are major threats to apes in Africa. (cdc.gov)
  • About 200 million people in Asia, Africa, South and Central America, and southern Europe live in areas where the disease is common. (wikipedia.org)
  • It's great news that the forests of Western Equatorial Africa still contain hundreds of thousands of gorillas and chimpanzees, but we're also concerned that so many of these primates are outside of protected areas and vulnerable to poachers, disease, and habitat degradation and loss," said lead author Samantha Strindberg of WCS. (newswise.com)
  • Respiratory viruses of human origin infect wild apes across Africa, sometimes lethally. (exeter.ac.uk)
  • More than 1,000 people who have visited great ape tourism sites in Africa, or intend to do so, have completed a questionnaire created by the research team. (exeter.ac.uk)
  • "The severe Ebola virus disease epidemic occurring in West Africa stems from a single zoonotic transmission event to a 2 ‐ year ‐ old boy in Meliandou, Guinea . (vectorsjournal.org)
  • Even when severe, they overlap with many diseases that are common in West Africa, including malaria, cholera, and Lassa fever . (vectorsjournal.org)
  • Ebola in Africa is another example of the dangers of eating bushmeat - monkeys, apes in that case. (salarts.org.au)
  • 26 April 2018: Gorillas and chimpanzees may be twice as numerous in West Africa as previously thought, but the apes are still endangered, declining fast and in dire need of protection, an international study found Wednesday. (egypttoday.com)
  • Bushmeat consists of great apes who are hunted in great numbers and sold as food, as the jungle is harvested for wood (see link below). (halfbakery.com)
  • Worse yet the consumption of bushmeat has been linked to the spread of several diseases including HIV and even Ebola. (halfbakery.com)
  • Some diseases can eat through these wild populations and leave mass destruction in their wake. (listverse.com)
  • On both Saturday and Sunday, zoogoers can also attend special Zoo Chats throughout Tropic World to learn more about ape populations, the dangers they face in the wild, and what can be done to help them. (themagnificentmile.com)
  • Ape populations are declining and disappearing throughout their range. (mpg.de)
  • Ape populations are not only threatened by habitat loss and hunting. (mpg.de)
  • Unfortunately, the vast majority of these great apes (80 percent) exist outside of protected areas, and gorilla populations are declining by 2.7 percent annually. (newswise.com)
  • As we all know, the populations of apes in the Congo basin are very threatened. (volcanoessafaris.com)
  • Much like European diseases decimated Native American populations when the colonists came to America, human diseases could easily destroy the dwindling mountain gorilla population. (abbythelibrarian.com)
  • We need to urgently recognise the role of human behaviour, human populations and their development practices as the world faces pandemic disease like COVID-19. (salarts.org.au)
  • Given that gorillas are more numerous and chimpanzees are more ecologically resilient than expected, and that large areas of ecologically functional great ape habitat remain, we are hopeful that robust conservation policies, well-managed parks, and responsible industrial practices can stop their declines and provide for secure and thriving populations," the study concluded. (egypttoday.com)
  • To learn more about the prevalence of Chlamydiales in great apes, we analyzed samples from critically endangered western lowland gorillas and endangered central chimpanzees from Gabon. (cdc.gov)
  • Said co-author Dave Morgan of the Lincoln Park Zoo and Goualougo Triangle Ape Project: "The boots on the ground research teams and partnerships are crucial to the success of these programs and the conservation of gorillas and chimpanzees. (newswise.com)
  • Africa's great apes are chimpanzees, bonobos, western gorillas and eastern gorillas (which includes mountain gorillas). (exeter.ac.uk)
  • We'll be talking about a deadly respiratory disease in wild chimpanzees. (cdc.gov)
  • We did this study, which was a study of rhinovirus C in chimpanzees, because we found ourselves in the middle of a severe outbreak of respiratory disease in a wild chimpanzee population in Uganda. (cdc.gov)
  • As a result of poaching, diseases, and habitat loss, the western lowland gorilla ( Gorilla gorilla gorilla ) and the central chimpanzee ( Pan troglodytes troglodytes ), both referred to as great apes, have been decreasing in numbers since 1970 and are now red-listed by the International Union for Conservation of Nature ( 1 ). (cdc.gov)
  • En 2016, l'UICN a requalifié le statut de conservation du chimpanzé d'Afrique de l'Ouest, Pan troglodytes verus, qui est passé de la catégorie « en danger » à la catégorie « en danger critique d'extinction », reflétant ainsi la situation désastreuse de cette sous-espèce. (stir.ac.uk)
  • My research interests focus on various issues in ape conservation, the development of wildlife survey and monitoring techniques, as well as questions in ape population ecology. (mpg.de)
  • Therefore, the easy accessibility of information on population status, threats and conservation opportunities is an important issue in ape conservation. (mpg.de)
  • Côte d'Ivoire (Paul K. N'Goran, Genevieve Campbell), modeling past and present ape occurrence probability (Jessica Junker), or the effectiveness of ape conservation sites, including edge effects and law enforcement activities (Sandra Tranquilli). (mpg.de)
  • These GIS layers can then be used in ape conservation planning and management evaluation. (mpg.de)
  • That is the Volcanoes great ape ecotourism model - around our lodges and wilderness areas we seek to create sensitive ecotourism that is linked to conservation and communities. (volcanoessafaris.com)
  • The research team includes veterinarians, great ape disease experts and great ape conservation scientists, and the measures they suggest are endorsed by the great ape section of the IUCN Primate Specialist Group. (exeter.ac.uk)
  • Spanning 59 sites in five countries surveyed over 11 years, it is the most comprehensive and accurate dataset ever compiled on these apes, said one of the lead authors, Fiona Maisels, conservation scientist for the Wildlife Conservation Society. (egypttoday.com)
  • The celebration highlights the zoo's three ape species: western lowland gorillas, orangutans, and white-cheeked gibbons. (themagnificentmile.com)
  • People and animals must live in harmony to exist - without tourism the interest in the future of gorillas is in danger of diminishing and disappearing all together, too much tourism and they are endangered by human disease and stress. (volcanoessafaris.com)
  • These gorillas are considered critically endangered, and primary threats to their survival include disease, poaching, and habitat destruction due to farming and mining activities in their habitat. (si.edu)
  • Gorillas are the largest of the great apes, but the western lowland gorilla is the smallest of the subspecies. (si.edu)
  • The mountain gorillas live in protected areas, but these areas are right alongside human dwellings and although scientists try hard to protect gorillas from our diseases, sometimes the gorillas catch them. (abbythelibrarian.com)
  • Well, gorillas have no resistance to these diseases. (abbythelibrarian.com)
  • This special team of scientists test gorillas constantly, looking for threats of disease. (abbythelibrarian.com)
  • Even though killing gorillas is illegal worldwide, hunting remains the top threat to survival, followed by disease and habitat loss. (egypttoday.com)
  • but did you know that human diseases can infect apes, too? (abbythelibrarian.com)
  • So, we had no idea that it could infect chimps, let alone cause a deadly disease. (cdc.gov)
  • In addition to Ebola virus disease, a leading cause of death, the health of great apes is compromised by infections with Bacillus anthracis , Staphylococcus aureus , and Plasmodium falciparum ( 1 - 4 ). (cdc.gov)
  • The estimates are based on other factors known to influence ape numbers, such as proximity to roads and people, and recent outbreaks of Ebola virus which can be deadly. (egypttoday.com)
  • During 1996--2010, approximately 150 human infectious disease outbreaks involving animals in public settings have been reported to CDC (CDC, unpublished data, 2010). (cdc.gov)
  • Governments and communities world-wide need to recognise and address the interactions between environmental change and infectious disease emergence. (salarts.org.au)
  • As soon as he got here, we knew that we had a chance," said Dr. Lance Botlink, an infectious disease expert. (weeklyworldnews.com)
  • The bacteria in plaque causes the two major tooth-related diseases, cavities (dental caries) and gum disease (periodontitis). (stackexchange.com)
  • Oral diseases, such as dental caries and periodontal disease is still public health problems, especially for some age ranges, gender, socioeconomic levels, education levels, and geographical sites 35 . (bvsalud.org)
  • Native to the Congo Basin, the western lowland gorilla is a quiet, peaceful and nonaggressive animal threatened by disease and poaching. (si.edu)
  • The treatment needed is determined by where the disease is acquired, the species of Leishmania, and the type of infection. (wikipedia.org)
  • All of us involved in this area will need to find new economic, business ways of working to safeguard the great ape species and protected areas. (volcanoessafaris.com)
  • Except 1 report of bacteria of the order Chlamydiales in a fecal sample from a wild-living Congolese P. troglodytes troglodytes ( 5 ), nothing is known about the prevalence of Chlamydiales in great apes. (cdc.gov)
  • As one example, take the changed prevalence of genetic diseases. (creation.com)
  • Although NHANES I provides a wealth of information on the prevalence of health conditions and risk factors, the cross-sectional nature of the original survey limits its usefulness in studying the effects of clinical, environmental, and behavioral factors and in tracing the natural history of disease. (cdc.gov)
  • Introduction and objective: A number of studies have associated prevalence of oral diseases, socioeconomic factors, and dental services in Brazil, and this study aimed to review, in narrative mode, the causal nexus between them. (bvsalud.org)
  • Literature review: The high prevalence of dental problems such as caries and periodontal disease is still found worldwide, despite the significant reduction. (bvsalud.org)
  • In Brazil, these characteristics are exemplified by prevalence estimates found in the last oral health epidemiological survey- SB Brasil 2010 10 , despite of the reduction of caries disease in permanent teeth (DMFT) at the age ranged of 12 years and 15-19 years 10 . (bvsalud.org)
  • Although caries disease historically tends to decline in prevalence means, - recorded worldwide 21 and in Brazilian young population 10 -, much remains to be done considering the economic, social, caring, and human consequences of the disease. (bvsalud.org)
  • Notwithstanding, in Brazil, especially in North, there is a high extraction rate at the age range of 65-74 years, which may reflect a mutilating characteristic of the care model and also the prevalence of severe disease cases 10 . (bvsalud.org)
  • The general aim of this review study is to explore the pertinent literature on findings correlating the prevalence of oral diseases, socioeconomic factors, and dental services and discuss on the consistence and scope of such causal nexus, weighing the importance to guide more resolute oral health politics and services. (bvsalud.org)
  • Both mortality and occurrence of iatrogenic illness were significantly associated with: higher PRISM score, use of mechanical ventilation, higher bed occupancy rate in the unit, presence of respiratory and neurological diseases, prolonged duration of stay in the intensive care unit and younger age of the child. (who.int)
  • Oxidative stress and DNA damage have been proposed as mechanisms linking pesticide exposure to health effects such as cancer and neurological diseases. (cdc.gov)
  • Since most apes and monkeys are very strong, and have vicious bites, this is not pleasant. (washingtonmonthly.com)
  • Apes and monkeys are smart, but not tractable, except when they are young. (washingtonmonthly.com)
  • A further goal of this project is to develop a series of GIS layers, ranging from ape population data availability, ape presence and occurrence probability and population trends to threats and future population trajectories. (mpg.de)
  • Additional threats include infectious diseases and likely climate change in the near future. (mpg.de)
  • Bats and other animals may be responsible for carrying this deadly disease, which is easily spread from person to person through bodily fluids. (listverse.com)
  • It begins as scientist Will Rodman (James Franco) tries to develop a cure for Alzheimer's disease. (combustiblecelluloid.com)
  • Originally, the patent (EP3066203) granted by the European Patent Office (EPO) in 2020, covered all rodents and non-human primates up to and including great apes, in which genetic engineering is used to induce certain symptoms of Alzheimer's disease. (testbiotech.org)
  • As a result, the animals first show behavioural abnormalities and then subsequent changes in their brain cells, similar to those observed in Alzheimer's disease. (testbiotech.org)
  • There are already many more than a hundred 'animal models' designed to simulate Alzheimer's disease. (testbiotech.org)
  • The patent holders, however, point out that they have recently succeeded in developing a diagnostic method for the early detection of Alzheimer's disease. (testbiotech.org)
  • Alzheimer's disease (AD) has anosognosia as one of its symptoms, defined as a change in the individual's ability to judge their difficulties, and is observed as having a significant impact on quality of life of caregivers. (bvsalud.org)
  • These updated 2011 guidelines provide new information on the risks associated with amphibians and with animals in day camp settings, as well as the protective role of zoonotic disease education. (cdc.gov)
  • Other recent zoonotic viral diseases, like SARS, that spread through some Asian countries emerged due to similar behaviours. (salarts.org.au)
  • The explosion of livestock production and intensive animal raising worldwide increases the risk of zoonotic diseases being transmitted by and through domesticated animals - poultry and swine flus being examples. (salarts.org.au)
  • 2 February 2023 / A patent covering genetically engineered 'Alzheimer apes' has been significantly restricted after Testbiotech filed an opposition. (testbiotech.org)
  • As described in the patent, genetically modified viruses are injected directly into the brains of the animals, thus transferring the disease-causing genes into their genome. (testbiotech.org)
  • What they all have in common: even if the genetically modified animals develop various symptoms of the disease, it has not been possible to use them to develop effective therapies or drugs. (testbiotech.org)
  • Throughout the weekend, guests can participate in interactive, ape-related activities such as comparing their own weight, arm length, and hand size with those of an orangutan and gorilla or building apelike nests using paper and wheelbarrows. (themagnificentmile.com)
  • Researchers walked more than 8,700 kilometers (5,400 miles)-a distance longer than the north-south axis of the African continent, or from New York to London-while collecting data on great ape nests that was used to generate population estimates and trends. (newswise.com)
  • The new count uses mathematical modeling to project likely ape numbers in areas where their nests haven't been directly surveyed by people. (egypttoday.com)
  • Also, big-eared varieties of bats, several of which live near Mount St. Helens, don't seem to be susceptible to the disease. (columbian.com)
  • Impacto de Anosognosia asociada a la demencia de Alzheimer en la calidad de vida de cuidadores. (bvsalud.org)
  • Anosognosia es uno de los síntomas de la demencia de Alzheimer (AD), y se considera que tiene un impacto significativo en la calidad de vida (QOL) de los cuidadores. (bvsalud.org)
  • Whereas infectious diseases affecting apes are of great interest to many researchers, not much work has been done regarding the potential impact of climate change. (mpg.de)
  • The assertion that COVID-19 was a hoax was so detached from reality that the same baseless claim can be applied to any disease, and influential Republicans like Trump are ready to make that argument should the monkeypox outbreak become severe in the U.S. (lgbtqnation.com)
  • Retrospective studies of the survivors of famines, such as those exposed to the Dutch Hunger Winter of 1944-45, have linked exposures around conception to later disease outcomes, some of which correlate with DNA methylation changes at certain genes. (frontiersin.org)
  • Ape parasite origins of human malaria virulence genes. (cdc.gov)
  • We thought we knew everything about these coronaviruses, but after Ph.D. Ape looked at the data and the research, well… he blew our minds. (weeklyworldnews.com)
  • Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have favourable outcomes in the treatment of kidney diseases. (bvsalud.org)
  • In February, Wainwright sent samples from the Ape Cave floor and 71 bats in hibernation caves to researchers with the U.S. Geological Survey in Wisconsin. (columbian.com)
  • Bats don't sleep in Ape Cave - Wainwright is unsure why, but speculates it might be due to the human visitors - but they do visit it frequently. (columbian.com)
  • For captive great apes, BLAST analysis of 1 rectal (gorilla) and 1 penile (chimpanzee) sample showed 100% and 98% sequence identity, respectively, with Waddlia chondrophila . (cdc.gov)
  • Gorilla Doctors: Saving Endangered Great Apes by Pamela S. Turner. (abbythelibrarian.com)
  • When human diseases are found, the gorilla doctors treat them. (abbythelibrarian.com)
  • With poaching and habitat loss looming right over their heads, it's easy to dismiss a much quieter threat on the horizon: disease. (listverse.com)
  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (cdc.gov)
  • From 1988-97, the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) received 766 reports of psittacosis, which is probably an underestimate of the actual number of cases because psittacosis is difficult to diagnose, is covered by macrolide antimicrobials (which may be used empirically for therapy of community-acquired pneumonia ), and often goes reported. (medscape.com)
  • The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) cannot attest to the accuracy of a non-federal website. (cdc.gov)
  • Although the majority of great apes were found outside of protected areas, they were still in large forested landscapes close to or bordering existing national parks and reserves and away from centers of human activity. (newswise.com)
  • Announcer] This program is presented by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (cdc.gov)
  • Investigators at the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) tracked most of the cases to vitamin E acetate, an additive in illicit cannabis vaping products intended to promote the metabolism of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). (medscape.com)
  • Although human-animal contact has many benefits, human health problems are associated with these settings, including infectious diseases, exposure to rabies, and injuries. (cdc.gov)
  • This review will summarise current knowledge on the effect of early environmental exposure on later disease risk, especially where this may be mediated by DNA methylation. (frontiersin.org)
  • These cases may cause more severe disease than avian-acquired psittacosis. (medscape.com)
  • And because of that unique biochemistry, it has a tendency to cause more severe disease than its relatives. (cdc.gov)
  • Lyme disease is a multisystem infection, with infl am- tinents, and isolates of this clone were uniform in DNA se- matory complications that commonly affect the skin, joints, quences, which suggests a recent trans-oceanic migration. (cdc.gov)
  • We conducted participant-observation and semi-structured interviews among people living near these great apes to understand better their feeding habits and habitats. (nature.com)
  • We've always kind of looked at Ape Cave especially as being an Achilles' heel," said Mitch Wainwright, a wildlife biologist working in the south district of the Gifford Pinchot National Forest where Mount St. Helens is located. (columbian.com)
  • NASPHV recommends that local and state public health, agricultural, environmental, and wildlife agencies use these recommendations to establish their own guidelines or regulations for reducing the risk for disease from human-animal contact in public settings. (cdc.gov)
  • These findings can help inform national and regional management strategies that safeguard the remaining habitat, increase anti-poaching efforts, and curtail the effects of development on great apes and other wildlife. (newswise.com)
  • Yet 70% of new infectious diseases in recent decades and most pandemics are related to human interaction with wildlife and natural habitat. (salarts.org.au)
  • It had nowhere to go but up, given that the last Planet of the Apes movie was Tim Burton's abominably awful 2001 version, which was more or less a remake of the original 1968 version. (combustiblecelluloid.com)
  • Pedigree Dogs Exposed Nature - 60 min - ★ 8.19 Pedigree dogs are suffering from genetic diseases. (topdocumentaryfilms.com)
  • According to the Developmental Origins of Health and Disease hypothesis, environmental exposures in early life affects later life risk. (frontiersin.org)
  • All apes were born and reared in captivity at the Primatology Unit of the International Centre for Medical Research of Franceville (Franceville, Gabon) and lived in social groups of ≈10 animals. (cdc.gov)
  • In addition to the PESS, Mozambique also has several disease specific & health programme and systems related strategic plans such as the Integrated MDG 4 & 5 plan, Strategic Plan for Malaria 2012-2016 , and Human Resources Development Plan 2008-2015 . (who.int)
  • However, an inadequate understanding of disease transmission and animal behavior can increase the likelihood of infectious diseases, rabies exposures, injuries, and other health problems among visitors, especially children, in these settings. (cdc.gov)
  • Weekly World News asked Ph.D. Ape when the vaccine might be available. (weeklyworldnews.com)
  • The smallpox vaccine - the first vaccine to be developed against a contagious disease - is 85% effective against monkeypox . (lgbtqnation.com)
  • It had a picture of a chimpanzee and $100 bills in the background, and the implication is that there are people who made up the disease in order to make money somehow. (lgbtqnation.com)
  • During 1991--2005, the number of enteric disease outbreaks associated with animals in public settings increased ( 1 ). (cdc.gov)
  • Canine distemper is a very serious viral disease with no known cure. (listverse.com)
  • Ph.D. Ape working with two close associates - a molecular biologist, Dr. Go, and a viral expert, Dr. Gee - studied all the data carefully. (weeklyworldnews.com)
  • Other important recommendations are that venues prohibit food in animal areas and include transition areas between animal areas and nonanimal areas, visitors receive information about disease risk and prevention procedures, and animals be properly cared for and managed. (cdc.gov)
  • Dr Hockings added: "It was clear to all of us great ape researchers that there was no consistency in disease prevention regulations between tourism sites. (exeter.ac.uk)
  • Check and follow disease prevention guidelines for the country they are travelling to. (exeter.ac.uk)
  • ATLANTA, GA - Ph.D. Ape was sent to The Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) by Dr. Fauci and Dr. BIrx six weeks ago. (weeklyworldnews.com)
  • That's all the more impressive given that many great apes fail to understand pointing when it's done for them by human caretakers, the researchers say. (sciencedaily.com)
  • The researchers have launched a website offering key information, and inviting tourists to make a pledge to protect great apes from disease. (exeter.ac.uk)
  • Researchers have been able to explode another myth related to heart attacks: the idea that it is a disease of the rich, suffered by CEOs because of the high pressure they experience on their job for prolonged periods of time and the associated responsibilities of such a situation. (skepticfriends.org)
  • But despite the larger numbers, researchers still found a speedy drop in the population in recent years, which means the apes are still in danger of going extinct. (egypttoday.com)
  • However, it is unclear how these IBD-affected bacterial groups are related to other common bacteria in the gut, and how they are connected across different disease conditions at the global scale. (springer.com)
  • She was one of almost 3000 people who were hospitalized during 2019 and early 2020 with severe lung damage from vaping and became part of what is now known as the epidemic of e -cigarette, or v aping, product use- a ssociated l ung i njury (EVALI). (medscape.com)
  • Ph.D. Ape had been working with Bat Boy on his 2020 platform in the last two months. (weeklyworldnews.com)
  • Several recent studies have shown that improvements in exertional dyspnoea following bronchodilator therapy in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) correlate well with reductions in lung hyperinflation, as indicated by increases in inspiratory capacity (IC) 1 - 5 . (ersjournals.com)
  • Wild birds such as falcons have caused disease through nasal or fecal secretions. (medscape.com)
  • carry out health checks during quarantine and carry out the required tests (tuberculosis, detection of diseases on blood, fecal screening, etc. (4apes.com)
  • We screened 25 samples (8 ocular, 4 vaginal, 7 penile, and 6 rectal swab specimens) obtained noninvasively during routine health checks from 12 apes in captivity. (cdc.gov)
  • We found evi- stage Lyme disease ( 20 , 21 ). (cdc.gov)
  • Mechanical factors play an important role in shaping the ventilatory response to exercise in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. (ersjournals.com)
  • What are the Early Warning Signs and Predictive Factors for Emerging Infectious Diseases? (researchgate.net)
  • However, and most astoundingly, research available since the 1960s and repeated several times since, also shows that all the above factors are actually minor causes of heart disease. (skepticfriends.org)
  • The association between oral diseases and microbiological and hygiene factors is recognized, but deficient as explanatory power. (bvsalud.org)
  • The discussion of correlated factors, associated with the development of relevant oral diseases and marking existing inequities, must be expanded. (bvsalud.org)
  • On top of that, this disease affects their brains and makes them fearless. (listverse.com)
  • Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), is a debilitating group of chronic diseases including Crohn's Disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC), which causes inflammation of the gut and affects millions of people worldwide. (springer.com)
  • Globally, caries disease still affects from 60% to 90% of scholars and most of the adults with different severities of the clinical sequela 30 . (bvsalud.org)
  • Small mammals such as white- disease incidence. (cdc.gov)
  • Severity were performed using the statistical disease. (who.int)
  • Probably not, but reports claim that eventual reduction in adults' edentulism may indicate the decrease in the disease severity, that is, deep pockets 29 . (bvsalud.org)
  • At the time of sampling, the animals were anesthetized and showed no evident signs of disease. (cdc.gov)
  • The disease may occur in a number of other animals, including dogs and rodents. (wikipedia.org)
  • The recommendation to wash hands is the most important for reducing the risk for disease transmission associated with animals in public settings. (cdc.gov)
  • Guidelines to reduce risk for disease from animals in health-care and veterinary facilities and from service animals (e.g., guide dogs) have been developed ( 2--6 ). (cdc.gov)
  • The exhibit will be full of visuals, including the types of food apes eat and items that are used for training the animals to participate in their own health care. (themagnificentmile.com)
  • This study examined the effects of bronchodilator-induced reductions in lung hyperinflation on breathing pattern, ventilation and dyspnoea during exercise in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). (ersjournals.com)
  • their chest X-rays and CT scans showed extensive lung disease," Rao said, adding that the damage was striking among patients all under age 18. (medscape.com)