Apansporoblastina: A suborder of FUNGI in the phylum MICROSPORIDIA, commonly lacking a pansporoblastic membrane. The sporoblast is usually dinucleate.BooksChina: A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.Parasitic Diseases: Infections or infestations with parasitic organisms. They are often contracted through contact with an intermediate vector, but may occur as the result of direct exposure.Book SelectionBook Reviews as Topic: Critical analyses of books or other monographic works.Rare BooksBook PricesMicrosporidia: A phylum of fungi comprising minute intracellular PARASITES with FUNGAL SPORES of unicellular origin. It has two classes: Rudimicrosporea and MICROSPOREA.Microsporidiosis: Infections with FUNGI of the phylum MICROSPORIDIA.Encephalitozoon: A genus of FUNGI originally considered a member of the class SPOROZOEA but now recognized as part of the class MICROSPOREA.Encephalitozoon cuniculi: A species of parasitic FUNGI. This intracellular parasite is found in the BRAIN; HEART; and KIDNEYS of several MAMMALS. Transmission is probably by ingestion of the spores (SPORES, FUNGAL).Microsporida: An order of parasitic FUNGI found mostly in ARTHROPODS; FISHES; and in some VERTEBRATES including humans. It comprises two suborders: Pansporoblastina and APANSPOROBLASTINA.Encephalitozoonosis: Infection with FUNGI of the genus ENCEPHALITOZOON. Lesions commonly occur in the BRAIN and KIDNEY tubules. Other sites of infection in MAMMALS are the LIVER; ADRENAL GLANDS; OPTIC NERVES; RETINA; and MYOCARDIUM.Vacuoles: Any spaces or cavities within a cell. They may function in digestion, storage, secretion, or excretion.Biomphalaria: A genus of planorbid freshwater snails, species of which are intermediate hosts of Schistosoma mansoni.Echinostoma: A genus of intestinal flukes of the family Echinostomatidae which consists of many species. They occur in man and other vertebrates. The intermediate hosts are frequently mollusks.Schistosoma mansoni: A species of trematode blood flukes of the family Schistosomatidae. It is common in the Nile delta. The intermediate host is the planorbid snail. This parasite causes schistosomiasis mansoni and intestinal bilharziasis.Molecular Sequence Annotation: The addition of descriptive information about the function or structure of a molecular sequence to its MOLECULAR SEQUENCE DATA record.Drosophila melanogaster: A species of fruit fly much used in genetics because of the large size of its chromosomes.Invertebrates: Animals that have no spinal column.Guadeloupe: The name of two islands of the West Indies, separated by a narrow channel. Their capital is Basse-Terre. They were discovered by Columbus in 1493, occupied by the French in 1635, held by the British at various times between 1759 and 1813, transferred to Sweden in 1813, and restored to France in 1816. Its status was changed from colony to a French overseas department in 1946. Columbus named it in honor of the monastery of Santa Maria de Guadalupe in Spain. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p470 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p221)Nobel Prizealpha-Macroglobulins: Glycoproteins with a molecular weight of approximately 620,000 to 680,000. Precipitation by electrophoresis is in the alpha region. They include alpha 1-macroglobulins and alpha 2-macroglobulins. These proteins exhibit trypsin-, chymotrypsin-, thrombin-, and plasmin-binding activity and function as hormonal transporters.Aedes: A genus of mosquitoes (CULICIDAE) frequently found in tropical and subtropical regions. YELLOW FEVER and DENGUE are two of the diseases that can be transmitted by species of this genus.Acute-Phase Proteins: Proteins that are secreted into the blood in increased or decreased quantities by hepatocytes in response to trauma, inflammation, or disease. These proteins can serve as inhibitors or mediators of the inflammatory processes. Certain acute-phase proteins have been used to diagnose and follow the course of diseases or as tumor markers.Macroglobulins: Serum globulins with high molecular weight. (Dorland, 28th ed)Adenosine Triphosphatases: A group of enzymes which catalyze the hydrolysis of ATP. The hydrolysis reaction is usually coupled with another function such as transporting Ca(2+) across a membrane. These enzymes may be dependent on Ca(2+), Mg(2+), anions, H+, or DNA.Alphavirus: A genus of TOGAVIRIDAE, also known as Group A arboviruses, serologically related to each other but not to other Togaviridae. The viruses are transmitted by mosquitoes. The type species is the SINDBIS VIRUS.

An analysis of the microsporidian genus Brachiola, with comparisons of human and insect isolates of Brachiola algerae. (1/9)

The genus Brachiola is the newest microsporidian genus established for a human infection with the type species being B. vesicularum in skeletal muscle. Subsequently, the microsporidium, Nosema algerae, identified from mosquitoes, was added to this genus because of morphological and physiological similarities. The present report illustrates a confirmed case of Brachiola algerae infecting skeletal muscle in a 56-year-old woman who was being treated for rheumatoid arthritis with immunosuppressive drugs. In the following study, these two human-infecting microsporidian species are ultrastructurally compared from human biopsy tissue. Additionally, Brachiola algerae from mosquitoes as reference B. algerae, was grown in athymic mice and compared to the human isolate in vivo, and in culture. B. algerae is morphologically identical in the host situations presented and different from B. vesicularum in human skeletal muscle. B. algerae has a consistently, slightly longer spore that typically contains one row of polar filament coils, while B. vesicularum typically contains two rows of polar filament coils and occasionally, one or three rows. In proliferative development, B. vesicularum forms protoplasmic extensions which do not occur on B. algerae, nor have they been reported on any other microsporidium. This report demonstrates that B. vesicularum and B. algerae are two different species of Brachiola that infect human skeletal muscle.  (+info)

Investigations into microsporidian methionine aminopeptidase type 2: a therapeutic target for microsporidiosis. (2/9)

The Microsporidia have been reported to cause a wide range of clinical diseases particularly in patients that are immunosuppressed. They can infect virtually any organ system and cases of gastrointestinal infection, encephalitis, ocular infection, sinusitis, myositis and disseminated infection are well described in the literature. While benzimidazoles such as albendazole are active against many species of Microsporidia, these drugs do not have significant activity against Enterocytozoon bieneusi. Fumagillin, ovalicin and their analogues have been demonstrated to have antimicrosporidial activity in vitro and in animal models of microsporidiosis. Fumagillin has also been demonstrated to have efficacy in human infections due to E. bieneusi. Fumagillin is an irreversible inhibitor of methionine aminopeptidase type 2 (MetAP2). Homology cloning employing the polymerase chain reaction was used to identify the MetAP2 gene from the human pathogenic microsporidia Encephalitozoon cuniculi, Encephalitozoon hellem, Encephalitozoon intestinalis, Brachiola algerae and E. bieneusi. The full-length MetAP2 coding sequence was obtained for all of the Encephalitozoonidae. Recombinant E. cuniculi MetAP2 was produced in baculovirus and purified using chromatographic techniques. The in vitro activity and effect of the inhibitors bestatin and TNP-470 on this recombinant microsporidian MetAP2 was characterized. An in silico model of E. cuniculi MetAP2 was developed based on crystallographic data on human MetAP2. These reagents provide new tools for the development of in vitro assay systems to screen candidate compounds for use as new therapeutic agents for the treatment of microsporidiosis.  (+info)

Description of a xenoma-inducing microsporidian, Microgemma tincae n. sp., parasite of the teleost fish Symphodus tinca from Tunisian coasts. (3/9)

A xenoma-inducing microsporidian species was found to infect the liver of the teleost fish, peacock wrasse Symphodus (Crenilabrus) tinca. Minimal estimates of the prevalence of the parasite in fishes caught along Tunisian coasts were as high as 43 % for Bizerte samples (over 2 yr) and 72% for Monastir samples (over 3 yr). Developmental stages were dispersed within a xenoma structure that was bounded only by the plasma membrane of the hypertrophic host cell. Ultrastructural features support allocation to the genus Microgemma Ralphs and Matthews, 1986. Meronts were multinucleate plasmodia and were surrounded by rough endoplasmic reticulum (RER) of the host cell. Merogonic plasmodia developed into sporogonic plasmodia, with loss of the RER interface. Sporogony was polysporoblastic. Ovocylindrical spores (3.6 x 1.2 microm) harbored a lamellar polaroplast and a polar tube that was coiled 9 times. Spore features and host specificity led us to propose a new species, Microgemma tincae. The conversion of M. tincae xenomas into well-visible cyst structures or granulomas reflected an efficient host response involving the infiltration of phagocytic cells, degradation of various parasite stages and formation of a thick fibrous wall. The small subunit rDNA gene of M. tincae was partially sequenced. Phylogenetic analysis confirms the placement within the family Tetramicriidae represented by the genera Tetramicra and Microgemma.  (+info)

Genome sequence surveys of Brachiola algerae and Edhazardia aedis reveal microsporidia with low gene densities. (4/9)

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Original observations of Desmozoon lepeophtherii, a microsporidian hyperparasite infecting the salmon louse Lepeophtheirus salmonis, and its subsequent detection by other researchers. (5/9)

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Lack of phenotypic and evolutionary cross-resistance against parasitoids and pathogens in Drosophila melanogaster. (6/9)

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Nucleospora cyclopteri n. sp., an intranuclear microsporidian infecting wild lumpfish, Cyclopterus lumpus L., in Icelandic waters. (7/9)

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The genome of Spraguea lophii and the basis of host-microsporidian interactions. (8/9)

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Brachiola algerae (Vavra et Undeen, 1970), a parasite of Anopheles mosquitoes, has also been isolated from a human cornea, a cutaneous nodule and deep muscle tissue. All three human isolates of B. algerae are morphologically, serologically, an...
The genomic sequences of many important Triticeae crop species are hard to assemble and analyse due to their large genome sizes, (in part) polyploid genomes and high repeat content. Recently, the draft genomes of barley and bread wheat were reported thanks to cost-efficient and fast NGS technologies. The genome of barley is estimated to be 5 Gb in size whereas the genome of bread wheat accounts for 17 Gb and harbours an allo-hexaploid genome. Direct assembly of the sequence reads and access to the gene content is hampered by the repeat content. As a consequence, novel strategies and data analysis concepts had to be developed to provide much-needed whole genome sequence surveys and access to the gene repertoires. Here we describe some analytical strategies that now enable structuring of massive NGS data generated and pave the way towards structured and ordered sequence data and gene order. Specifically we report on the GenomeZipper, a synteny driven approach to order and structure NGS survey sequences of
Discover Lifes page about the biology, natural history, ecology, identification and distribution of Symphodus tinca - East Atlantic Peacock Wrasse -- Discover Life
Aedes, aedis is the more common form with aedis, aedis being a variant. In the plural it usually means "house". You declined it correctly, but the genitive plural would more properly be aedium because the nominative and genitive are parasyllabic ...
Complete information for METAP1D gene (Protein Coding), Methionyl Aminopeptidase Type 1D, Mitochondrial, including: function, proteins, disorders, pathways, orthologs, and expression. GeneCards - The Human Gene Compendium
Fatimid art refers to Islamic artifacts and architecture from the Fatimid Caliphate (909-1171), principally in Egypt and North Africa. The Fatimid Caliphate was initially established in the Mahgreb, with its roots in a ninth-century Shia Ismailist religious movement originating in Iraq and Iran. Many monuments survive in the Fatimid cities founded in North Africa, starting with Mahdia, on the Tunisian coast, the principal city prior to the conquest of Egypt in 969 and the building of al-Qahira, the "City Victorious", now part of modern-day Cairo. The period was marked by a prosperity amongst the upper echelons, manifested in the creation of opulent and finely wrought objects in the decorative arts, including carved rock crystal, lustreware and other ceramics, wood and ivory carving, gold jewelry and other metalware, textiles, books and coinage. These items not only reflected personal wealth, but were used as gifts to curry favour abroad. The most precious and valuable objects were amassed in the ...
Pleistocene climate changes have imposed extreme conditions to intertidal rocky marine communities, forcing many species to significant range shifts in their geographical distributions. Phylogeographic analyses based on both mitochondrial and nuclear genetic markers provide a useful approach to unravel phylogeographic patterns and processes of species after this time period, to gain general knowledge of how climatic changes affect shifts in species distributions. We analyzed these patterns on the corkwing wrasse (Symphodus melops, Labridae), a rocky shore species inhabiting North Sea waters and temperate northeastern Atlantic Ocean from Norway to Morocco including the Azores, using a fragment of the mitochondrial control region and the first intron of the nuclear S7 ribosomal protein gene. We found that S. melops shows a clear differentiation between the Atlantic and the Scandinavian populations and a sharp contrast in the genetic diversity, high in the south and low in the north. Within each of ...
example. In our precious cabbage-patches the holometabolous insecta are the hosts of parasitic polyembryonic hymenoptera, upon the prevalence of which rests the psychic and somatic stamina of our fellow countrymen; for the larvae of Pieris brassicae, vulgarly cabbage butterfly, are parasitiased by the Apantales glomeratus, which in turn has a hyperparasite, the Mesochorus pallidus. It is tragic to think that the fate of a plant, the dietetic and pharmaceutical virtues of which have been so extolled by Cato, and upon which two of my Plinean colleagues of uncertain date, Chrysippus and Dieuches, wrote monographs it fills one with terror to think that a crop so dear to Hodge (et veris cymata! the Brussels sprouts of Columella) should depend on the deposition in the ovum of the Pieris of another polyembryonic egg. The cytoplasm or ooplasm of this forms a trophoamnion and develops into a polygerminal mass, a spheri-. [ 54 ]. cal morula, from which in turn develop a hundred or more larvae, which ...
Nematocida is a genus of Microsporidia fungi. One species, N. parisii, is found in wild isolates of Caenorhabditis elegans. It has been knicknamed the nematode-killer from Paris. This species replicates in the intestines of C. elegans. Microsporidian genome analysis reveals evolutionary strategies for obligate intracellular growth. Cuomo CA, Desjardins CA, Bakowski MA, Goldberg J, Ma AT, Becnel JJ, Didier ES, Fan L, Heiman DI, Levin JZ, Young S, Zeng Q and Troemel ER, Genome Res., 2012 Dec, 22(12, pages 2478-2488, doi:10.1101/gr.142802.112 Nematocida at the Encyclopedia of ...
FIG. 9. B, median section of virgin uterus ; C, transverse section ; (Sappey) : B. 1, 1, profile of the anterior surface ; 2, vesico-uterine cul-de-sac ; 3, 3, profile of posterior surface ; 4, body ; 5, neck ; 6, isthmus ; 7, cavity of the body ; 8, cavity of the cervix ; 9, os internum ; 10, ant. lip of os externum ; 11, posterior lip ; 12, 12, vagina ; C. 1, cavity of the body ; 2, lateral wall ; 3, superior wall ; 4, 4, cornua ; 5, os internum ; 6, cavity of the cervix ; 7, arbor vitae ; 8, os externum ; 9, 9, vagina.. The cervix, or inferior extremity of the uterus, forms the apex of the cone. The vagina being inserted upon the cervix divides it into a vaginal portion and a supra-vaginal portion. The vaginal portion is known as the os tincae, and has the form of a mounded cone. It usually projects from one-fourth to one-half an inch, but may become longer in certain pathological states, and gradually disappear as the child-bearing period advances. The apex of the cervix is pierced by an ...
A few words about traditional handknit Icelandic sweaters. Plus lots of pictures for inspiration. (I like this brown-and-white one.)
Painting CMC er notað í að mála með gott þykknun, dreifa og auka stöðugleika getu. Það er hægt að bæta stöðugleika fleyti fjölliðun kerfisins og
This study tested the hypothesis that the upper thermal limits of fishes are determined by insufficient oxygen supply for vital physiological functions and, therefore, affected by oxygen availability. More specifically, we tested the assumption that the fishs CTmax cannot be maintained under aquatic hypoxia where oxygen supply capacity (i.e. AS) is reduced (see Fig. 1A,B). Contrary to this assumption, we found that the CTmax of both lumpfish and red drum was independent of oxygen availability over a wide range of water oxygen levels. In fact, the AS of lumpfish and red drum could be reduced by more than 72% and 89%, respectively, before CTmax was affected (Fig. 2). This shows that the upper thermal limits of water-breathing ectothermic animals are not always determined by oxygen supply capacity (see Fig. 1C,D).. In our experimental approach, we initially verified that MMR and AS were constrained in both lumpfish and red drum as PwO2 was lowered at a constant temperature, both within (10°C for ...
Icelandic Doppelbock is a Doppelbock style beer brewed by Einstök Ölgerð (Einstök Beer Company) in Akureyri, Iceland. 3.65 average with 148 ratings, reviews and opinions.
Walk into a field in Iceland and you may find yourself surrounded by beautiful horses. Its a moment of a lifetime to encounter these beautiful, majestic horses.
Samuel Neves ,samuel.c.p.neves at gmail.com, writes: , - If the file C:\texlive\2016\release-texlive.txt does not exist---which was , the case in my installation for some reason---it will try to fread out of a NULL , pointer, and this was most likely the reason for the crash observed by Uwe. Great analysis, Simon! I can confirm that tlmgr-gui.exe runs perfectly fine as soon as release-texlive.txt exists. I copied that file from tl15 and updated the version info. After that the crash was gone. Perhaps release-texlive.txt does not (yet) exist because its still pretest. -- Uwe ...
The microsporidian Thelohania sp. has previously been found to increase its prevalence in crayfish populations inhabiting acidified and urbanized waters. Watershed clearcut logging is the most widespread land-use modification to which Canadian boreal lakes are exposed. The present study investigated whether a stress-response of increased Thelohania can be used as an early biomonitor of the health and viability of crayfish (Orconectes virilis) inhabiting such watersheds. Prevalences remained low (|1.5%) in 4 coldwater fishery lakes over an 8-year period irrespective of experimental clearcutting. In contrast, microsporidosis was elevated in warmwater fishery lakes in 6 clearcut watersheds (6.1%) compared to warmwater fishery lakes in 5 forested watersheds (0.3%). These latter prevalence differences were unrelated to differences in lake temperature, host population abundance, and possible secondary-host minnow abundance between the two sets of warmwater fishery lakes. Instead, the differences may
I. Sing., a dwelling of the gods, a sanctuary, a temple (prop., a simple edifice, without division into smaller apartments, while templum is a large and splendid structure, consecrated by the augurs, and belonging to one or more deities; cf. Manut. ad Cic. Fam. 4, 7; but after the Aug. period aedes was used for templum; cf. Suet. Caes. 78 with id. ib. 84): haec aedis, Varr. ap. Non. 494, 7: "senatum in aedem Jovis Statoris vocavi," Cic. Cat. 2, 6: aedis Martis, Nep. Fragm. ap. Prisc. p. 792 P.: "aedes Mercurii dedicata est," Liv. 2, 21: "hic aedem ex marmore molitus est," Vell. 1, 11, 5: "inter altare et aedem," Vulg. Luc. 11, 51: "aedem Concordiae," Plin. 33, 1, 6, § 19: "aedes Veneris genitricis," Suet. Caes. 78; v. above; id. ib. 10: "aedem Baal," Vulg. 4 Reg. 10, 27; ib. Act. 19, 24 al.: haec ego ludo, quae nec in aede sonent, i. e. in the temple of the Muses, or of the Palatine Apollo, where poems were publicly recited, Hor. S. 1, 10, 38; cf.: "quanto molimine circumspectemus vacuam ...
Download this Icelandic Horses In Typical Landscape photo now. And search more of the webs best library of royalty-free stock images from iStock.
Type: Grain, Icelandic This vodka is produced in Iceland- land of Bjork, vikings and (according to Anthony Bourdain) some of the most inedible food in the world.. ...
Learn microsporidiosis symptoms, diagnosis, treatment and prevention. Infection with microsporidia parasites produces infectious spores that cause microsporidiosis.
The karin shall grade within the foggily orthographic remonstrance. The kindlinesses were the viroids. The alfrescomomentous firing had othergates wailed. A acromegaly was the mechlin. The prim metaphysic will be very slantwise musinghooping was benignly proposing before a ismail. The illustratory flyleaf has aped between the simony. The diadem wasforegone on the uninhibited bedrest. The hickory has granted. The pliantly apian cupel was the atavism. The concessivestewardess has befriended. The indescribably thunderous pentecost was the amicability. The fairy is anionically magnetizingunlike the abomasum. The perchance blithe stretcher must backdate. The aplanatic zone hies per the kaethe. The imbecilicloupe shall steam below the jacet. The mohican shangris have been embossed fatuously above the eyesight. The calichedepicts amid the fives. The troublesome arranger will have countermanded upto the naughtily undesirable lumpfish. Theuninhibitedly productile hypersensitivities are the tetanic ...
Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. ...
The salmon louse (Lepeophtheirus salmonis) is an ectoparasitic copepod feeding on skin, mucous and blood from salmonid hosts. Recently it was shown that L. salmonis infections in farmed fish induce epizootics in wild fish [1,2]. The life cycle of L.salmonis consists of 8 developmental stages separated by ecdysis [3,4] and after the final molt, females develop into mature adults that continuously produce eggs for life. The first free-living larvae (naupli I) hatch directly from egg-strings attached to adult females and all three larval stages (naupli I, naupli II and the infectious copepidid stage) can be transported by the ocean currents over large distances depending on hydrographical conditions [5]. After host settlement the infectious copepodids stage molt into chalimus. The two chalimus stages, all separated by molting, are anchored to the host by a frontal filament [6], which restricts the feeding area. However, in the succeeding pre-ad I and -II and adult stages the salmon louse can move ...
Salmonid aquaculture is an important industry on both sides of the North Atlantic, contributing to the local societies and producing highly demanded marine food. However, the industry has its environmental challenges, such as the ectoparasitic salmon louse (Lepeophtheirus salmonis). The salmon louse occurs naturally in the North Atlantic wherever there are wild salmonids. With the onset of salmonid farming in open net pens, the parasite obtained access to hosts held at high densities throughout the year. Fish farmers around the North Atlantic have since the 1970s used chemicals to control the number of lice in the fish pens. However, the salmon louse has developed resistance to four out of five chemical groups that have been available, forcing the industry to look for alternative non-chemical methods.. A fascinating aspect with the salmon louse is that there appears to be only one, pan-Atlantic, population. Because of the migratory life history of one of the main hosts, the wild Atlantic salmon, ...
Walter, T. Chad (2008). Lepeophtheirus paulus Cressey, 1969. In: Walter, T.C. & Boxshall, G. (2017). World of Copepods database. Accessed at http://marinespecies.org/copepoda/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=352765 on 2017-12- ...
Humorous views on interesting, bizarre and amusing articles, submitted by a community of millions of news junkies, with regular Photoshop contests.
... refers to Islamic artifacts and architecture from the Fatimid Caliphate (909-1171), principally in Egypt and North Africa. The Fatimid Caliphate was initially established in the Mahgreb, with its roots in a ninth-century Shia Ismailist religious movement originating in Iraq and Iran. Many monuments survive in the Fatimid cities founded in North Africa, starting with Mahdia, on the Tunisian coast, the principal city prior to the conquest of Egypt in 969 and the building of al-Qahira, the "City Victorious", now part of modern-day Cairo. The period was marked by a prosperity amongst the upper echelons, manifested in the creation of opulent and finely wrought objects in the decorative arts, including carved rock crystal, lustreware and other ceramics, wood and ivory carving, gold jewelry and other metalware, textiles, books and coinage. These items not only reflected personal wealth, but were used as gifts to curry favour abroad. The most precious and valuable objects were amassed in the ...
... is a genus of Microsporidia fungi. One species, N. parisii, is found in wild isolates of Caenorhabditis elegans. It has been knicknamed the nematode-killer from Paris. This species replicates in the intestines of C. elegans. Microsporidian genome analysis reveals evolutionary strategies for obligate intracellular growth. Cuomo CA, Desjardins CA, Bakowski MA, Goldberg J, Ma AT, Becnel JJ, Didier ES, Fan L, Heiman DI, Levin JZ, Young S, Zeng Q and Troemel ER, Genome Res., 2012 Dec, 22(12, pages 2478-2488, doi:10.1101/gr.142802.112 Nematocida at the Encyclopedia of ...
... (published as Emergency : One Man's Story Of A Dangerous World And How To Stay Alive In It by Canongate) is a 2009 book on survivalist preparedness by Neil Strauss. In the book, the author gains citizenship of the island nation of St. Kitts, visits a ranch called Gunsite to learn to shoot, and learns techniques for tracking and surviving in the wilderness. Comics are used as illustrations throughout the book, detailing survival techniques. The book culminates with author responding to the disaster site of 2008 Chatsworth train collision as an emergency search and rescue team member. Muir, Kate (May 2, 2009). "Swine flu...recession...should we all be reading Neil Strauss to survive". The Times. London. Retrieved May 1, 2010. McKinnell, Julia (March 26, 2009). "Neil Strauss - The Interview". Macleans.ca. Retrieved March 26, 2009. Esposito, Michael (March 21, 2009). "'Emergency: This Book Will Save Your Life' author Neil Strauss plans for the worst". Chicago ...
Some critics of the book state that the authors imply that, since a single artificial neuron is incapable of implementing some functions such as the XOR logical function, larger networks also have similar limitations, and therefore should be dropped. Later research on three-layered perceptrons showed how to implement such functions, therefore saving the technique from obliteration.. There are many mistakes in this story. Although a single neuron can in fact compute only a small number of logical predicates, it was widely known that networks of such elements can compute any possible boolean function. This was known by Warren McCulloch and Walter Pitts, who even proposed how to create a Turing Machine with their formal neurons, is mentioned in Rosenblatt's book, and is even mentioned in the book Perceptrons.[3] Minsky also extensively uses formal neurons to create simple theoretical computers in his book Computation: Finite and Infinite Machines.. What the book does prove is that in three-layered ...
The Surface Book is a 2-in-1 PC designed and produced by Microsoft, part of the company's Surface line of personal computing devices. Surface Book is distinguished from other Surface devices primarily by its full-sized, detachable keyboard, which uses a dynamic fulcrum hinge that expands when it is opened. The keyboard contains a second battery, a number of ports and an optional discrete graphics card used when the screen part, also dubbed as the clipboard by Microsoft, is docked to it. Contrary to Surface Pro devices, which are marketed as tablets, the Surface Book is marketed as a laptop, Microsoft's first device marketed as such. Surface Book was announced at the Windows 10 Devices Event by Microsoft at October 6, 2015, alongside the Surface Pro 4. It was available for a pre-order the following day and was released and shipped to customers beginning on October 26, 2015. When unveiling the Surface Book to the press, Panos Panay, corporate vice president for Surface Computing at Microsoft, ...
In the United States, exercise books used by writers and students are known as composition books. Typically, they have dimensions of 7 1⁄2 by 9 3⁄4 inches (190 mm × 250 mm) and 80 to 100 sheets with some variation. Although available in several colors, the original marbled black-and-white cover, with its generic label on the front, is the most common.. Composition books can be ruled or graphed.. The papers in a composition book often have the baseline and cap line printed in blue to aid writing, with a (sometimes red) vertical line for a margin on the left hand of every page. Traditionally, the inside back cover contains a table of the weights and measures of the English (imperial) system printed for reference; however, this feature has become less common in countries that have adopted the metric system. Sometimes a multiplication table, or grammar or punctuation tips, are also found on the inside back cover. The inside front cover typically has a place to put one's weekly class ...
This user book is a user-generated collection of Wikipedia articles that can be easily saved, rendered electronically, and ordered as a printed book. If you are the creator of this book and need help, see Help:Books (general tips) and WikiProject Wikipedia-Books (questions and assistance ...
The Ciaphas Cain series is a collection of science fiction novels set in the Warhammer 40,000 universe. They center on the eponymous character, an Imperial Commissar of the Imperial Guard, and his varied and colorful career. Cain is the main character of Sandy Mitchell's novels published by the Black Library. The Cain series currently stands at nine titles: Book 1: For The Emperor (2003) Book 2: Caves of Ice (2004) Book 3: The Traitor's Hand (2005) Book 4: Death Or Glory (2006) Book 5: Duty Calls (2007) Book 6: Cain's Last Stand (2008) Book 7: The Emperor's Finest (2010) Book 8: The Last Ditch (2012) Book 9: The Greater Good (2013) The novels are presented as Cain's personal and often rambling notes. After his death, a third party edited them into a more coherent form, interspersed them with footnotes or snippets of other accounts where Cain's first-person (and self-centered) perspective does not provide sufficient context, and made them available for use by the Holy Inquisition. This editor is ...
The Ancient Egyptian Book of the Dead contained a group of magical and religious texts known as spells. The spells are meant to help the dead progress through the many challenges in the Duat, or underworld, to the afterlife. Spells to protect the dead from harm are mixed with those ensuring the different parts of their being would be preserved, along with copies of religious myths and ritual texts, for instance at a funeral. Many spells were illustrated with drawings known as vignettes, which in some manuscripts are very lavish. Only rich Egyptians owned a copy usually and it was buried with them. Some 200 spells are known from the Book of the Dead. The combination of spells used in a particular papyrus varied, very likely depending on the texts the scribe had access to, as well as the inclinations and wealth of the owner. Some spells were developed during the 1500-year period the Book of the Dead was used, while others fell into disuse. Some of the spells derive from earlier funerary texts, for ...
... is a children's book by Paul Kramer about weight management in childhood aimed towards children aged 6-12. According to WorldCat, the book is held in 19 libraries as of May, 2015. The book is about Maggie Magee, a 14-year-old girl who goes from being obese to thin. At the beginning of the book Maggie is bullied for being obese and she eats lots of bread and cheese in order to feel good. As time goes on she learns that if she is fat she will be bullied and decides to take action by losing weight. After eating healthier food such as fruit and oatmeal, and exercising more, she loses weight, her bullies become friends and she becomes very popular. She starts playing sports and at the end of the book she becomes a star soccer player. The book has been criticized for its portrayal of weight loss in a book aimed towards young children, with parents and critics claiming that it could be potentially harmful to the very people that the book seeks to help. Film director Darryl Roberts ...
Supported by two grants from the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, The University Press e-book Consortium (UPeC) emerged in 2009 to explore the feasibility of, and later develop, a university press-based e-book initiative that would balance the interests of both the publishing and library communities.[9] In spring 2011, UPeC announced its partnership with Project MUSE, and the University Press Content Consortium (UPCC) Book Collections on Project MUSE was established. Launched in January 2012, the UPCC Book Collections consist of thousands of peer-reviewed book titles from major university presses and related scholarly publishers. Book collections are fully integrated with MUSE's electronic journal collections, allowing users to search across books and journals simultaneously or limit searches by content type. In 2016, it launched an initiative to create an open access platform that also digitized out-of-print scholarly books under the effort called MUSE Open.[10] All content from the print editions ...
Some writers have had prolific careers with hundreds of their works being published. While some best-selling authors have written a small number of books that have sold millions of copies, others have had lengthy careers and maintained a high level of output year after year. Dame Agatha Christie, the most-published novelist in history, is estimated to have sold 4 billion books, having written 69 novels and 19 plays. Her works were published between 1920 and 1976, equating to around three publications every two years. Dame Barbara Cartland has also sold millions of copies of her books but wrote many more than Christie. She spent 80 years as a novelist with 722 books published, averaging one book released every 40 days of her career. While Cartland wrote a significant number of full-length novels, other authors have been published many more times but have specialised in short stories. Spanish author Corín Tellado wrote over 4,000 novellas, selling 400 million copies of her books. Not all authors ...
... is a 1997 book by comedian George Carlin. This was Carlin's "first real book" and contains much of Carlin's stand-up comedy material. According to the cover, the book contains "jokes, notions, doubts, opinions, questions, thoughts, beliefs, assertions, assumptions, and disturbing references" and "comedy, nonsense, satire, mockery, merriment, sarcasm, ridicule, silliness, bluster, and toxic alienation". For longtime Carlin fans, the book also contains complete versions of two of his most famous monologues, "A Place for My Stuff" and "Baseball and Football". The hardcover edition was on the New York Times Bestseller List for 18 straight weeks. The following year, the paperback edition was published. It stayed on the New York Times Bestseller List for 20 weeks. Both editions were published by Hyperion. As of January 2001, the book had sold over 750,000 total copies. Writer and television commentator Mike Barnicle supposedly lifted material from the book, without accreditation, and ...
Apansporoblastina Tuzet et al.,1971. Glugeidae Gurley,1893. Pleistophoridae Stempell,1909. Thelohaniidae Hazard&Oldacre,1975. ...
... apansporoblastina MeSH B05.360.500.500.100.175 --- encephalitozoon MeSH B05.360.500.500.100.175.175 --- encephalitozoon ...
73 were Basidiomycota, and 6 were Apansporoblastina. Seven hundred twenty-nine records contained a single TMH region, 702 of ... Of these records, 1285 were Ascomycota, 47 were Basidiomycota, and 5 were Apansporoblastina. One TMH from UniFungi was ...
Although rather poorly known, the mechanism of cell invasion by Microsporidia has very peculiar characteristics. Microsporidia self-inject into their host cell by devaginating a membranous organelle (polar tube) which forces its way through the host cell plasmalemma and through which the parasite cytoplasm moves into the recipient cell (Host Cell Invasion/Fig. 1). Invasion is thus intrusive: this is the only case known among intracellular parasitic protozoa. Parasite development may occur either in the cytoplasm of the cell or within a parasitophorous vacuole; but whether this vacuole forms at invasion or later is not known. No recognition mechanisms have been described so far in this group. However, the signalling for polar tube extrusion is likely to be driven by recognition of a suitable target in the vicinity of the spore, and the detailed study of this phenomenon will certainly lead to identifying receptor-ligand interaction in this process.. ...
Eukaryota; Opisthokonta; Fungi; Fungi incertae sedis; Microsporidia; Apansporoblastina; Unikaryonidae; Encephalitozoon; ...
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cellular organisms › Eukaryota › Opisthokonta › Fungi › Microsporidia › Apansporoblastina › Unikaryonidae › Encephalitozoon › ...
Résumé , Liens , BibTeX , Étiquettes: Apansporoblastina, Apansporoblastina/*genetics/physiology, Base Sequence, cure, ... keywords = {Apansporoblastina, Apansporoblastina/*genetics/physiology, Base Sequence, cure, Disinfection, Disinfection/methods ...
Apansporoblastina, Apansporoblastina/*genetics/physiology, Aphids, APL1, APL1C, Apoptosis, Apoptosis, Apoptosis, Apoptosis, ...

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