Aotus trivirgatus: A species in the family AOTIDAE, inhabiting the forested regions of Central and South America (from Panama to the Amazon). Vocalizations occur primarily at night when they are active, thus they are also known as Northern night monkeys.Cebidae: A family of New World monkeys in the infraorder PLATYRRHINI, consisting of nine subfamilies: ALOUATTINAE; AOTINAE; Atelinae; Callicebinae; CALLIMICONINAE; CALLITRICHINAE; CEBINAE; Pithecinae; and SAIMIRINAE. They inhabit the forests of South and Central America, comprising the largest family of South American monkeys.Haplorhini: A suborder of PRIMATES consisting of six families: CEBIDAE (some New World monkeys), ATELIDAE (some New World monkeys), CERCOPITHECIDAE (Old World monkeys), HYLOBATIDAE (gibbons and siamangs), CALLITRICHINAE (marmosets and tamarins), and HOMINIDAE (humans and great apes).Aotidae: A family of the New World monkeys inhabiting the forests of South and Central America. There is a single genus and several species occurring in this family, including AOTUS TRIVIRGATUS (Northern night monkeys).Plasmodium falciparum: A species of protozoa that is the causal agent of falciparum malaria (MALARIA, FALCIPARUM). It is most prevalent in the tropics and subtropics.Malaria, Falciparum: Malaria caused by PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM. This is the severest form of malaria and is associated with the highest levels of parasites in the blood. This disease is characterized by irregularly recurring febrile paroxysms that in extreme cases occur with acute cerebral, renal, or gastrointestinal manifestations.Malaria: A protozoan disease caused in humans by four species of the PLASMODIUM genus: PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM; PLASMODIUM VIVAX; PLASMODIUM OVALE; and PLASMODIUM MALARIAE; and transmitted by the bite of an infected female mosquito of the genus ANOPHELES. Malaria is endemic in parts of Asia, Africa, Central and South America, Oceania, and certain Caribbean islands. It is characterized by extreme exhaustion associated with paroxysms of high FEVER; SWEATING; shaking CHILLS; and ANEMIA. Malaria in ANIMALS is caused by other species of plasmodia.Electron Transport Complex IV: A multisubunit enzyme complex containing CYTOCHROME A GROUP; CYTOCHROME A3; two copper atoms; and 13 different protein subunits. It is the terminal oxidase complex of the RESPIRATORY CHAIN and collects electrons that are transferred from the reduced CYTOCHROME C GROUP and donates them to molecular OXYGEN, which is then reduced to water. The redox reaction is simultaneously coupled to the transport of PROTONS across the inner mitochondrial membrane.National Academy of Sciences (U.S.): A United States organization of distinguished scientists and engineers established for the purpose of investigating and reporting upon any subject of art or science as requested by any department of government. The National Research Council organized by NAS serves as the principal operating agency to stimulate and support research.Unionidae: A family of freshwater mussels in the class BIVALVIA. They differ from ZEBRA MUSSELS in that they are larger and posses a larval stage called glochidia, which requires attachment to the GILLS or fins of particular species of FISHES.PrimatesEvolution, Molecular: The process of cumulative change at the level of DNA; RNA; and PROTEINS, over successive generations.Phylogeny: The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.DNA, Mitochondrial: Double-stranded DNA of MITOCHONDRIA. In eukaryotes, the mitochondrial GENOME is circular and codes for ribosomal RNAs, transfer RNAs, and about 10 proteins.PubMed: A bibliographic database that includes MEDLINE as its primary subset. It is produced by the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), part of the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. PubMed, which is searchable through NLM's Web site, also includes access to additional citations to selected life sciences journals not in MEDLINE, and links to other resources such as the full-text of articles at participating publishers' Web sites, NCBI's molecular biology databases, and PubMed Central.Periodicals as Topic: A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.BooksPublishing: "The business or profession of the commercial production and issuance of literature" (Webster's 3d). It includes the publisher, publication processes, editing and editors. Production may be by conventional printing methods or by electronic publishing.MEDLINE: The premier bibliographic database of the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. MEDLINE® (MEDLARS Online) is the primary subset of PUBMED and can be searched on NLM's Web site in PubMed or the NLM Gateway. MEDLINE references are indexed with MEDICAL SUBJECT HEADINGS (MeSH).Serial Publications: Publications in any medium issued in successive parts bearing numerical or chronological designations and intended to be continued indefinitely. (ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983, p203)Biological Science Disciplines: All of the divisions of the natural sciences dealing with the various aspects of the phenomena of life and vital processes. The concept includes anatomy and physiology, biochemistry and biophysics, and the biology of animals, plants, and microorganisms. It should be differentiated from BIOLOGY, one of its subdivisions, concerned specifically with the origin and life processes of living organisms.Visual Cortex: Area of the OCCIPITAL LOBE concerned with the processing of visual information relayed via VISUAL PATHWAYS.Photic Stimulation: Investigative technique commonly used during ELECTROENCEPHALOGRAPHY in which a series of bright light flashes or visual patterns are used to elicit brain activity.Neurons: The basic cellular units of nervous tissue. Each neuron consists of a body, an axon, and dendrites. Their purpose is to receive, conduct, and transmit impulses in the NERVOUS SYSTEM.Space Perception: The awareness of the spatial properties of objects; includes physical space.Contrast Sensitivity: The ability to detect sharp boundaries (stimuli) and to detect slight changes in luminance at regions without distinct contours. Psychophysical measurements of this visual function are used to evaluate visual acuity and to detect eye disease.Action Potentials: Abrupt changes in the membrane potential that sweep along the CELL MEMBRANE of excitable cells in response to excitation stimuli.Reaction Time: The time from the onset of a stimulus until a response is observed.Cell Line: Established cell cultures that have the potential to propagate indefinitely.B-Lymphocytes: Lymphoid cells concerned with humoral immunity. They are short-lived cells resembling bursa-derived lymphocytes of birds in their production of immunoglobulin upon appropriate stimulation.Lymphocytes: White blood cells formed in the body's lymphoid tissue. The nucleus is round or ovoid with coarse, irregularly clumped chromatin while the cytoplasm is typically pale blue with azurophilic (if any) granules. Most lymphocytes can be classified as either T or B (with subpopulations of each), or NATURAL KILLER CELLS.Cell Line, Transformed: Eukaryotic cell line obtained in a quiescent or stationary phase which undergoes conversion to a state of unregulated growth in culture, resembling an in vitro tumor. It occurs spontaneously or through interaction with viruses, oncogenes, radiation, or drugs/chemicals.Regional Blood Flow: The flow of BLOOD through or around an organ or region of the body.Blood Cells: The cells found in the body fluid circulating throughout the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM.Cell Line, Tumor: A cell line derived from cultured tumor cells.Reproduction: The total process by which organisms produce offspring. (Stedman, 25th ed)Longevity: The normal length of time of an organism's life.Buffers: A chemical system that functions to control the levels of specific ions in solution. When the level of hydrogen ion in solution is controlled the system is called a pH buffer.Fetus: The unborn young of a viviparous mammal, in the postembryonic period, after the major structures have been outlined. In humans, the unborn young from the end of the eighth week after CONCEPTION until BIRTH, as distinguished from the earlier EMBRYO, MAMMALIAN.Energy Metabolism: The chemical reactions involved in the production and utilization of various forms of energy in cells.Baseball: A competitive nine-member team sport including softball.Reproduction, Asexual: Reproduction without fusion of two types of cells, mostly found in ALGAE; FUNGI; and PLANTS. Asexual reproduction occurs in several ways, such as budding, fission, or splitting from "parent" cells. Only few groups of ANIMALS reproduce asexually or unisexually (PARTHENOGENESIS).Animal Testing Alternatives: Procedures, such as TISSUE CULTURE TECHNIQUES; mathematical models; etc., when used or advocated for use in place of the use of animals in research or diagnostic laboratories.Animal Welfare: The protection of animals in laboratories or other specific environments by promoting their health through better nutrition, housing, and care.Anesthetics, Dissociative: Intravenous anesthetics that induce a state of sedation, immobility, amnesia, and marked analgesia. Subjects may experience a strong feeling of dissociation from the environment. The condition produced is similar to NEUROLEPTANALGESIA, but is brought about by the administration of a single drug. (From Gilman et al., Goodman and Gilman's The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics, 8th ed)Animal Experimentation: The use of animals as investigational subjects.Animals, LaboratoryAnimal Use Alternatives: Alternatives to the use of animals in research, testing, and education. The alternatives may include reduction in the number of animals used, replacement of animals with a non-animal model or with animals of a species lower phylogenetically, or refinement of methods to minimize pain and distress of animals used.Animal Care Committees: Institutional committees established to protect the welfare of animals used in research and education. The 1971 NIH Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals introduced the policy that institutions using warm-blooded animals in projects supported by NIH grants either be accredited by a recognized professional laboratory animal accrediting body or establish its own committee to evaluate animal care; the Public Health Service adopted a policy in 1979 requiring such committees; and the 1985 amendments to the Animal Welfare Act mandate review and approval of federally funded research with animals by a formally designated Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (IACUC).BrazilPhilippinesPopulation Density: Number of individuals in a population relative to space.RestaurantsMansonelliasis: Infection with nematodes of the genus MANSONELLA. Symptoms include pruritus, headache, and articular swelling.Kinesis: Locomotor behavior not involving a steering reaction, but in which there may be a turning random in direction. It includes orthokinesis, the rate of movement and klinokinesis, the amount of turning, which are related to the intensity of stimulation.Transportation: The means of moving persons, animals, goods, or materials from one place to another.

Antimalarial activities of various 4-pyridinemethanols with special attention to WR-172,435 and WR-180,409. (1/180)

Pilot appraisals of the activities of 10 specially selected 2,6-substituted-4-pyridinemethanols against acute Plasmodium falciparum infections in owl monkeys identified three derivatives that were two to three times as active as chloroquine against infections with a 4-aminoquinoline-susceptible strain and, at the same doses, were equally effective against infections with a strain fully resistant to treatment with maximally tolerated doses of chloroquine, quinine, and pyrimethamine. Two of these derivatives, WR-172,435 and WR-180,409, deemed worthy of evaluation in human volunteers, were studied in greater depth in owl monkeys infected with either the multidrug-resistant Smith strain of P. falciparum or the pyrimethamine-resistant Palo Alto strain of P. vivax. These studies showed (i) that at the same total oral dose, 3-day and 7-day treatment schedules were equally effective and slightly superior to a single-dose schedule; (ii) that WR-172,435 was slightly more active than WR-180,409 in each treatment regimen; (iii) that intravenous delivery of WR-180,409 phosphate was feasible and effective; (iv) that both compounds effected control of parasitemia more rapidly than any standard or newly discovered antimalarial drug; and (v) that WR-172,435 and WR-180,409 had therapeutic indexes at least four to eight times those exhibited by chloroquine in infections with 4-aminoquinoline-susceptible strains, indexes retained by these pyridinemethanols against infections with various drug-resistant strains.  (+info)

Cell-mediated immune responses in owl monkeys (Aotus trivirgatus) with trachoma to soluble antigens of Chlamydia trachomatis. (2/180)

The first temporal study of the cell-mediated immune responses (CMI) following ocular infections with Chlamydia trachomatis is presented. We examined the CMI of owl monkeys infected with trachoma to soluble antigens of C. trachomatis by leucocyte migration inhibition (LIF) and delayed hypersensitivity skin testing. Delayed hypersensitivity of a systemic nature developed after a local eye infection in owl monkeys; clearance of inclusions from conjunctival cells coincided with the onset of this response. The association of eye secretion and circulating antibodies with recovery from primary infection was not so striking. Both cellular and humoral immune responses persisted for at least 2 months, at which time all test animals were completely resistant to re-infection. The elicitation of cell-mediated immune reactions with solubilized chlamydial antigens may permit the isolation of specific antigens involved in the generation of protective immunity in the owl monkey model.  (+info)

Suppression of lymphocyte transformation by plasma from owl monkeys acutely infected with Plasmodium falciparum. (3/180)

Plasma collected from owl monkeys during the acute phase of Plasmodium falciparum infection was shown to adversely affect several in vitro responses which are considered to be correlates of cell-mediated immune functions of normal monkeys. In the presence of acute-phase plasma, response of normal monkey peripheral blood lymphocytes to stimulation with phytohemagglutinin, concanavalin A, and pokeweed mitogen was severely reduced, as was the ability of peripheral blood lymphocytes to respond to allogenic and xenogenic histocompatible antigens. The transformation response of peripheral blood lymphocytes from normal humans to phytohemagglutinin and concanavalin A was also suppressed. Since acute-phase plasma was not cytotoxic for peripheral blood lymphocytes, decreased responsiveness did not result from cell destruction. Acute-phase plasma appears to block initial steps in lymphocyte transformation.  (+info)

The effect of miotics on the intraocular pressure of conscious owl monkeys. (4/180)

The intraocular pressure of conscious, unsedated owl monkeys (Aotus trivirgatus) was measured with an applanation tonometer. Untreated eyes of the conscious animals were found to have higher values than those reported for owl monkeys anesthetized with pentobarbitone. Locally applied pilocarpine, carbachol, and oxotremorine gave concentration-related reduction in pressure, oxotremorine being the most potent and having longer duration of effect than the other compounds. Slight reductions were also observed with aceclidine and R. S. 86. These results are discussed in relation to the effects of miotics in man.  (+info)

Representational plasticity in cortical area 3b paralleling tactual-motor skill acquisition in adult monkeys. (5/180)

The representations of the surfaces of the hand in the primary somatosensory cortical field, area 3b, were reconstructed in detail in seven owl monkeys and two squirrel monkeys trained to pick up food pellets from five wells of different sizes. From an early clumsy performance in which several to many retrieval attempts were required for each successful pellet retrieval, the monkeys exhibited a gradual improvement in digital dexterity as shown by significant decreases in mean numbers of grasp attempts/successful retrieval and corresponding standard deviations (e.g. 5.8 +/- 4.5 and 4.8 +/- 3.1 respectively, for the smallest well) between the first and last training sessions. All monkeys commonly used alternative, specific retrieval strategies involving various combinations of digits for significant time epochs before developing a highly successful strategy, which, once achieved, was rapidly stereotyped. For example, the numbers of digit combinations used during the first five versus the last five training sessions decreased from 3.3 +/- 0.7 to 1.8 +/- 0.6 for the smallest well. In both owl and squirrel monkeys, as the behavior came to be stereotyped, monkeys reliably engaged limited surfaces of the glabrous tips of two digits (in eight monkeys), or of three digits (in one monkey) in the palpation and manipulation of these small pellets for their location, capture, and transportation to the mouth. In cortical area 3b, the magnification of representation of these differentially engaged glabrous fingertip surfaces was nearly 2x larger than for the corresponding surfaces of other hand digits, or for the contralateral cortical representations of the same digit surfaces on the opposite hand. In parallel, cutaneous receptive field for area 3b neurons representing crucial digital tip surfaces were less than half as large as were those representing the corresponding surfaces of control digits. Receptive field overlaps were smaller on the trained fingertips than on control fingers. Moreover, the proportion of small overlaps was greater for the trained digits (76 +/- 7%) than for the other digits of the same hand (49 +/- 5.4%). There was still a simple, single--but apparently topologically expanded--representation of these differentially engaged skin surfaces in these monkeys. Thus, with very limited manual exercise over a total period of a few hours of practice at a skill played out in brief daily sessions over a several week long training period, the representations of skin surfaces providing information crucial for successfully performing a small-object retrieval behavior appeared to be substantially remodeled in the most 'primary' of the SI somatosensory cortical fields, cortical area 3b. By that remodeling, behaviorally important skin surfaces were represented in a much finer representational grain than normal. Some implications of these findings for motor skill acquisition are discussed.  (+info)

Attenuated, replication-competent herpes simplex virus type 1 mutant G207: safety evaluation of intracerebral injection in nonhuman primates. (6/180)

This study examined the safety of intracerebral inoculation of G207, an attenuated, replication-competent herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) recombinant, in nonhuman primates. Sixteen New World owl monkeys (Aotus nancymae [karyotype 1, formerly believed to be A. trivirgatus]), known for their exquisite susceptibility to HSV-1 infection, were evaluated. Thirteen underwent intracerebral inoculation with G207 at doses of 10(7) or 10(9) PFU, two were vehicle inoculated, and one served as an infected wild-type control and received 10(3) PFU of HSV-1 strain F. HSV-1 strain F caused rapid mortality and symptoms consistent with HSV encephalitis, including fever, hemiparesis, meningitis, and hemorrhage in the basal ganglia. One year after G207 inoculation, seven of the animals were alive and exhibited no evidence of clinical complications. Three deaths resulted from nonneurologic causes unrelated to HSV infection, and three animals were sacrificed for histopathologic examination. Two animals were reinoculated with G207 (10(7) PFU) at the same stereotactic coordinates 1 year after the initial G207 inoculation. These animals were alive and healthy 2 years after the second inoculation. Cerebral magnetic resonance imaging studies performed both before and after G207 inoculation failed to reveal radiographic evidence of HSV-related sequelae. Despite the lack of outwardly observable HSV pathology, measurable increases in serum anti-HSV titers were detected. Histopathological examination of multiple organ tissues found no evidence of HSV-induced histopathology or dissemination. We conclude that intracerebral inoculation of up to 10(9) PFU of G207, well above the efficacious dose in mouse tumor studies, is safe and therefore appropriate for human clinical trials.  (+info)

Susceptibility of Panamanian Aotus lemurinus lemurinus to sporozoite-induced Plasmodium falciparum (Santa Lucia) infection. (7/180)

Aotus monkeys are good models for erythrocyte-induced Plasmodium falciparum and P. vivax infections and have been extensively used in malarial drug and vaccine development. Recently, it has been shown that certain species of Aotus can be infected with sporozoites, and that the degree of susceptibility varies among species. We demonstrate here that Panamanian Aotus lemurinus lemurinus are susceptible to a sporozoite-induced infection, opening the possibility that this species of Aotus could be used as models for testing the efficacy of pre-erythrocytic P. falciparum vaccines and drug candidates directed at the pre-erythrocytic stages of P. falciparum and P. vivax malaria. In this species, we compared sporozoite infection rates. Two of four animals splenectomized prior to infection with sporozoites developed patent parasitemias. Seven of eight animals splenectomized either 7 or 35 days after infection became parasitemic. Additionally, we used a P. falciparum-specific polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method to detect the early appearance of parasitized erythrocytes in the blood prior to detection by conventional microscopy, and found that the parasitemia was detected first in five animals by the PCR method, first in three animals by blood film, with one parasitemia detected simultaneously. We also demonstrated the feasibility of infecting monkeys located in Panama with sporozoites isolated at an insectary in Atlanta, thus documenting the feasibility of similar studies where the insectary and monkey colony are not in the same location. A subsequent attempt to infect these monkeys using sporozoites was not successful, suggesting that this model of human malaria is not yet ready for routine use in vaccine or drug efficacy screening. This model merits further study because of the importance of testing pre-erythrocytic P. falciparum malaria vaccines and drugs in animals.  (+info)

Vaccine efficacy of recombinant Plasmodium falciparum merozoite surface protein 1 in malaria-naive, -exposed, and/or -rechallenged Aotus vociferans monkeys. (8/180)

Protection against a lethal challenge infection of Plasmodium falciparum was elicited in malaria-naive Aotus vociferans monkeys by vaccination with the C terminus 19-kDa protein of the major merozoite surface protein (MSP-1(19)) fused to tetanus toxoid universal T-cell epitopes P30 and P2. Three of four monkeys were protected against a 10(4)-parasite challenge. Four monkeys were challenged with 10(5) parasites; one self-cured the infection, two were protected against high parasitemia (<2%) but were treated for severe anemia (hematocrit of <25%), and the fourth was not protected. In this model system, anemia appears to be a manifestation of incomplete protection (prolonged low-level parasitemia). Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) antibody titers correlated with protection. Antibodies from some protected monkeys inhibited secondary processing of MSP-1(42) to MSP-1(33) and MSP-1(19). To mimic the repeated reinfections seen in regions where malaria is endemic, a second malaria parasite challenge was administered 4 months later. All P30P2MSP-1(19)-vaccinated monkeys were protected; thus, a single challenge infection may underestimate vaccine efficacy. ELISA antibody titers correlated with protection against a second infection but had decreased compared to the first challenge. As most target populations for asexual blood-stage malaria vaccines will have been exposed to malaria parasites, a malaria parasite-exposed monkey was vaccinated with P30P2MSP-1(19). This monkey was completely protected, while a malaria parasite-naive P30P2MSP-1(19)-vaccinated monkey self-cured a low-grade parasitemia. Prior malaria parasite infection primed the production of anti-native MSP-1(19) antibodies, which were boosted by vaccination with recombinant P30P2MSP-1(19). Preliminary data suggest that immunogenicity studies of vaccines designed for malaria parasite-exposed populations should also be conducted in malaria parasite-exposed subjects.  (+info)

Merrill T. Fine structure of the heart of the owl monkey (Aotus trivirgatus) infected with human malaria (Plasmodium falciparum). J Am Osteopath Assoc 1972;72(2):180. doi: .. Download citation file:. ...
Abstract Three standard antimalarial compounds were tested against trophozoite or sporozoite induced infections of the Panamanian Achiote strain of Plasmodium vivax in two species of monkeys. In Saimiri sciureus (24 subjects) and Aotus trivirgatus (11 subjects), parasite clearance from the peripheral blood averaged 3 days after initiating chloroquine therapy (total dose of 25 mg base/kg body weight over 3 days or single dose of 10 mg base/kg). Trophozoite induced infections were cured in all of 10 Saimiri and all of 6 Aotus, as indicated by the absence of relapses. Relapses did occur in 3 of 11 tests with Saimiri and 3 of 5 tests with Aotus against sporozoite induced infections. Subpatent periods ranged from 38 to 111 days among intact and splenectomized hosts. This is the first chemotherapeutic evidence for the persistence of exoerythrocytic stages of P. vivax in New World monkeys. Pyrimethamine (single dose of 1 mg/kg) cured trophozoite induced infections in all of five Saimiri hosts. Radical cure of
in Point Vétérinaire (2000), 31. Bovine herpesvirus type 4 (BHV-4) is a ubiquitous herpesvirus in cattle. It has been isolated from animals showing a wide variety of clinical signs but few of the isolates have proven experimental ... [more ▼]. Bovine herpesvirus type 4 (BHV-4) is a ubiquitous herpesvirus in cattle. It has been isolated from animals showing a wide variety of clinical signs but few of the isolates have proven experimental pathogenicity. Species that are susceptible to BHV-4 include animals other than ruminants, notably cats and, surprisingly, a primate the owl monkey (Aotus trivirgatus). BHV-4 exists as a latent infection in mononuclear cells. In cattle, BHV-4 has been isolated in animals exhibiting ocular and respiratory conditions and it has been found in females with genital tract conditions such as post-partum metritis and vulvovaginitis. There is some epidemiological and experimental evidence that BHV-4 may be a cause of bovine abortion. There is no vaccine available in ...
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Aotus lemurinus lemurinus monkeys were immunized four times with one of three DNA plasmids expressing important Plasmodium falciparum blood stage vaccine candidate proteins or with a mixture containing all three vaccines. The three vaccines encoded sequences from apical merozoite antigen-1 (AMA-1), …
Abstract Aotus monkeys infected with the Camp strain of Plasmodium falciparum were studied with emphasis on hematologic, parasitologic and serum biochemical changes occurring during the course of infection. For most monkeys the infection was lethal, with survival times ranging from 4 to 18 days depending on the size of the inoculum. Decreases in red blood cell parameters occurred as the infection progressed, but were not accompanied by a pronounced reticulocyte response. Leucocyte levels appeared to be depressed early in the infection, but rose to high levels in some animals that survived for relatively long periods. This rise was accounted for by an increase in mononuclear leucocytes. Platelet levels were reduced to extremely low levels in most monkeys and were sometimes accompanied by hemorrhagic phenomena. Both serum transaminase and urea nitrogen levels increased while glucose levels decreased. Usually a gradual decrease in total serum protein was accounted for by decreases of both albumin and gamma
GenDR A curated database of genes associated with dietary restriction in model organisms either from genetic manipulation experiments or gene expression profiling.. ...
p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.,/p> ,p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.,/p> ,p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).,/p> ,p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x,sup>64,/sup> + x,sup>4,/sup> + x,sup>3,/sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. ,/p> ,p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.,br /> ,strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums,/strong>,br /> ,a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993),/a>),/p> Checksum:i ...
xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?, ,rdf:RDF xmlns:owl="http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#" xmlns:rdf="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#" xmlns:rdfs="http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#" xmlns:wdrs="http://www.w3.org/2007/05/powder-s#", ,owl:Ontology rdf:about="", ,wdrs:issuedby rdf:resource="http://authority.example.org/company.rdf#me"/, ,/owl:Ontology, ,owl:Class xml:id="round", ,rdfs:subClassOf, ,owl:Class, ,owl:intersectionOf rdf:parseType="Collection", ,owl:Restriction, ,owl:onProperty rdf:resource="http://example.org/vocab#shape"/, ,owl:hasValue,round,/owl:hasValue, ,/owl:Restriction, ,/owl:intersectionOf, ,/owl:Class, ,/rdfs:subClassOf, ,/owl:Class, ,owl:Class rdf:nodeID="iriset_1", ,owl:equivalentClass, ,owl:Class, ,owl:intersectionOf rdf:parseType="Collection", ,owl:Restriction, ,owl:onProperty rdf:resource="http://www.w3.org/2007/05/powder-s#matchesregex"/, ,owl:hasValue ...
Hi everyone , , Ive been trying to transfect alpha T-3 cells with a luciferase , construct using the calsium phosphate method of transfection. The DNA I , used for this transfection was isolated with Promegas Wizard , Maxipreps. To date, all my transfections were unsuccessfull. Does , anybody have any ideas why the transfections wont work? , , Thanks , Rentia I have used Promegas Wizard minipreps and maxipreps to prepare plasmid DNA that was suitable for transfection. The cell lines that I transfected were Daudi and Owl Monkey 531H. I transfected by electro- poration. I dont know what might be wrong with your preparations. -- Rainforest laid low. Wake up and smell the ozone, Says man with chainsaw. - John Ladasky ...
A Riker display preparation which includes three examples of owl pellets. One is an intact pellet. The others show partially dissected examples of pellets with avian prey and …
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Ground combat in the 1991 Persian Gulf War lasted just 100 hours, but it's meant 17 years of pain and anguish for hundreds of thousands of veterans. Those who came home and complained of symptoms such as memory loss and joint pain are even sicker. As their lives unraveled and their health further...
Since 1984 Aotus nancymaae has been traded illegally from Peru and Brazil to Colombia for malaria research and later released to the wild in Colombian territory (Maldonado et al. 2009, Ruiz-Garcia et al. 2013). Trapping permits for malaria research are granted by the regional environmental authority, Corpoamazonia, to the biomedical facility FIDIC, in Leticia, Colombia. SINCHI (the Research Institute for the Colombian Amazon) and the Genetics Laboratory of the Colombian National University - IGUN-UNAL - (CITES Scientific Authorities) conducted a pilot project to gather baseline information on the genetics and ecology of Aotus spp. where the FIDIC had been trapping and releasing animals. Results from the UNAL/SINCHI study confirmed the presence of A. nancymaae in Colombian territory and suggested the existence of a historical distribution of A. nancymaae north of the Amazon River, as well as of another population of A. nancymaae, not of historical lineage but probably introduced in Colombia in ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Brain-stem auditory evoked potentials in squirrel monkey (Saimiri sciureus). AU - Pineda, J. A.. AU - Holmes, T. C.. AU - Swick, Diane. AU - Foote, S. L.. PY - 1989. Y1 - 1989. N2 - To more fully characterize brain-stem auditory evoked potentials (BAEPs) in non-human primates, BAEPs were recorded from chronically implanted epidural electrodes in 10 squirrel monkeys (Saimiri sciureus). The effects of stimulus intensity, repetition rate, and anesthesia (ketamine 20 mg/kg i.m.) on peak latencies and inter-peak intervals were evaluated. Monkey wave forms consisted of approximately 7 peaks (I-VII), each exhibiting similar latencies across sessions, with later peaks exhibiting greater variability. In some subjects, additional peaks (IIa, IIIa) and slow potentials were recorded. The slow potentials provided a substratum for peaks IV through VII. As with human, monkey peaks exhibited systematic changes in latency with changes in stimulus intensity or repetition rate. These shifts ...
see text. The night monkeys, also known as the owl monkeys or douroucoulis, are the members of the genus Aotus of New World monkeys (monotypic in family Aotidae). They are widely distributed in the forests of Central and South America, from Panama south to Paraguay and northern Argentina. The species that live at higher elevations tend to have thicker fur than the monkeys at sea level. The genus name means "earless"; they have ears, of course, but the external ears are tiny and hard to see. Night monkeys have big brown eyes and therefore have increased ability to be active at night. They are called night monkeys because all species are active at night and are in fact the only truly nocturnal monkeys (an exception is the subspecies Aotus azarae azarae, which is cathemeral).[2] Both male and female Night Monkeys weigh almost the same amount. For example, in one of these Night Monkeys, A. azarae, the male weighs 2.76 pounds while the female weighs 2.75 pounds.. Night monkeys make a notably wide ...
In this thesis lectin panels on gold wafers were utilized to investigate sera from different mammals and meat juices from various species of animals. Lectins, which are a group of diverse, natural proteins recognize and bind to different carbohydrate structures present on the sera proteins and on the proteins in the different meat juices. The binding patterns from the relatively unspecific interactions between lectins and carbohydrate structures were evaluated with techniques based on ellipsometry. The resulting data was treated with multivariate data analysis (MVDA) techniques, especially principal component analysis (PCA), to identify separation or grouping of data.. It was shown that lectin panels combined with ellipsometric techniques and MVDA could be used to separate sera from different mammals and also a possible relation between species could be seen. Meat juices from the different species evaluated were also possible to separate and using a simple model based on an artificial neuronal ...
Panamanian stoisoma is a catfish-cleaner. Has a beautiful appearance, which attracts the attention of aquarists. For their comfortable content
One species remains silent amidst the noise. Golden skin glistens with moisture and a conversation of a different kind ensues. The Panamanian golden frog.
Viral transformation of T cells is an effective method for obtaining large numbers of T cells that are easily maintained in the laboratory
prefix rdfs: ,http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#,. @prefix owl: ,http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#, . @prefix xsd: ,http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#", . @prefix dcterms: ,http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/, . @prefix foaf: ,http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/,. @prefix bt: ,http://example.org/vocab/bugtracker#, . bt:Ontology a owl:Ontology; rdfs:label "Bug Tracker Example Ontology"; rdfs:comment "An ontology for Bug Tracker example in the LDP Primer" . bt:tracksProject a owl:ObjectProperty; rdfs:domain bt:BugTracker; rdfs:range bt:Product . bt:hasBug a owl:ObjectProperty; rdfs:domain bt:Product; rdfs:range bt:Bug . bt:isInState a owl:ObjectProperty; rdfs:domain bt:Bug; rdfs:range xsd:string . bt:relatedBug a owl:ObjectProperty; rdfs:domain bt:Bug; rdfs:range bt:Bug . bt:Product a owl:Class; owl:subClassOf [ a owl:Restriction ; owl:onProperty dcterms:title; owl:qualifiedCardinality "1"^^xsd:nonNegativeInteger ; owl:onDataRange xsd:string ] . bt:Bug a owl:Class; owl:subClassOf [ a owl:Restriction ; ...
This class represents the DisjointDataProperties element in OWL Direct Semantics.. This class inherits from OWL::DirectSemantics::Element.. It does the OWL::DirectSemantics::Writer::FunctionalSyntax and OWL::DirectSemantics::Writer::Dump roles.. ...
In most species, there are multiple forms of G1 and G2 cyclins. For example, in vertebrates, there are two G2 cyclins, A and B, and at least three G1 cyclins, C, D, and E. A cyclin homolog has also been found in herpesvirus saimiri [4]. The best conserved region is in the central part of the cyclins sequences, known as the cyclin-box, from which we have derived a 32 residue pattern. Last update: November 1995 / Pattern and text revised. ...
This Burrowing Owl was actually coughing up an owl pellet. I missed the that particular shot but I thought this pose was interesting. Taken in Broward County, Florida
Have you ever wondered what an owl eats? Visit this site to dissect an owl pellet and discover what types of organisms an owl eats ...
Note: All presentations are scheduled for 10 minutes, including setup and questions, and should be targetted towards the discussion topics for the session. At the end of each technical session there will be a discussion period ...
S E C R E T SECTION 01 OF 05 PANAMA 08545 E.O.12356: DECL:OADR TAGS: PGOV PREL PM US SUBJECT: PANAMANIANS HOPE FOR A SUCCESSFUL COUP -- NORIEGA PLANS FOR A NEW YEAR IN POWER 1. SECRET - ENTIRE
Proteome IDi ,p>The proteome identifier (UPID) is the unique identifier assigned to the set of proteins that constitute the ,a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome,/a>. It consists of the characters UP followed by 9 digits, is stable across releases and can therefore be used to cite a UniProt proteome.,p>,a href=/help/proteome_id target=_top>More...,/a>,/p> ...
This class represents the Annotation element in OWL Direct Semantics.. This class inherits from OWL::DirectSemantics::Element.. It does the OWL::DirectSemantics::Writer::FunctionalSyntax and OWL::DirectSemantics::Writer::Dump roles.. ...
Get an answer for Why is the stream-of-consciousness technique particularly appropriate for An Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge? and find homework help for other An Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge questions at eNotes
My brother, David Crook, went hiking this afternoon with his daughter, Michelle Dias, at Pinnacle Peak Park. They came across this adorable Eastern Screech Owl and its two babies. ...
This very patient owl sat for me for ages (that is I left before he or she did) so I could fine tune exposing all that white on white. He or she was a gem of a find.
Painted by Valentina Ramos, Everything Is Going To Be OK Owl wall mural from Murals Your Way will add a distinctive touch to any room. Choose a pre-set size, or customize to your wall.
A 17-year-old, 1-kg, colony-housed, male squirrel monkey (Saimiri sciureus) developed clinical signs of congestive heart failure. The monkey presented with lethargy, increased heart and respiratory rates, and mild abdominal distention. The clinical history, laboratory analysis, and radiographic findings were consistent with heart failure due to dilative cardiomyopathy. Gross and microscopic examination of the heart confirmed a dilative cardiomyopathy. This is the first report describing congestive heart failure caused by dilative cardiomyopathy in a squirrel monkey. Spontaneous dilative cardiomyopathy may be infrequently observed in the squirrel monkeys because they are not routinely housed in the research environment during their advancing years ...
Prevalence of feline haemoplasma in cats in Denmark. . Biblioteca virtual para leer y descargar libros, documentos, trabajos y tesis universitarias en PDF. Material universiario, documentación y tareas realizadas por universitarios en nuestra biblioteca. Para descargar gratis y para leer online.
Owl Pellet Dissection. What is an Owl Pellet?. An owl pellet is the feces that is regurgitate. Owls cannot digest fur, feathers and bones, that is the main reason of regurgitation. An owl will still produce urea. Slideshow 6693654 by jonas-sanford
GenDR A curated database of genes associated with dietary restriction in model organisms either from genetic manipulation experiments or gene expression profiling.. ...
Tawny owls defend their territories very actively. You might like to read all these tawny owl facts that includes owls diet, habitat, behavior, and reproduction.
A Riker display preparation showing a whole owl pellet and a partially dissected pellet. Also included are examples of skulls commonly found in owl pellets: pocket gopher, rat, …
Skomer Island is a favourite haunt of the short-eared owl, no surprise as this owl loves voles, and the unique `skomer vole is bigger than its mainland cousins
Taking flight with a partially blind great horned owl that will soon be released from the York Center for Wildlife will be a tiny transmitter intended to track the owls progress.
Fixed bug in TcoffeeRunner. The t_coffee process was hanging after spawning. This didnt happen before, it can be related to the version of t_coffee (Im using 8.14). Basically t_coffee seems to be doing something weird with stderr and stdout, java doesnt like it and makes the process hang (as usual java has a lot of problems in this area, see StreamGobbler class). The way to solve it is use the -quiet switch of t_coffee that can be used to redirect output to a file or have a complete quiet terminal ...
Fixed bug in TcoffeeRunner. The t_coffee process was hanging after spawning. This didnt happen before, it can be related to the version of t_coffee (Im using 8.14). Basically t_coffee seems to be doing something weird with stderr and stdout, java doesnt like it and makes the process hang (as usual java has a lot of problems in this area, see StreamGobbler class). The way to solve it is use the -quiet switch of t_coffee that can be used to redirect output to a file or have a complete quiet terminal ...
Snuggle up with Oscar the Owl! This big-eyed Beanie Boo is small, soft, and perfect for bringing on adventures or for cuddling with at naptime. Ages 3 +.
Are you a morning person or a night owl? Is this something you can choose or is it ingrained deep within? Heres what a science-backed test can reveal for you.
Answers to your questions about the Snowy Owl nest. If youre looking for the answer to a specific question, type control-F (command-F on a Mac) an...
I prefer them in flight but what great birds close up -- at 16:10 it dropped off the post in front on me and walked through the grass retr ...
Except that this card will be off to Dave of Tribe Cards as soon as I can get around to it. He will enjoy it quite a bit more than I will ...
I prefer them in flight but what great birds close up -- at 16:10 it dropped off the post in front on me and walked through the grass retr ...
Like most predators, eastern screech owls are opportunistic hunters. Due to the ferocity and versatility of their hunting style, early authors nicknamed eastern screech owls "feathered wildcats".[17] In terms of ecological niche, they have no easy ecological equivalent in Europe, perhaps the closest being the little owl (Athene noctua), the similar looking Eurasian scops owl (Otus scops) being smaller and weaker and the long-eared owl (Asio otus) more fully dependent on rodents. The success of eastern screech (and western screech) owls in North America may be the reason long-eared owls are much more restricted to limited northern forest habitat in North America than they are in Europe.[3] Eastern screech owls hunt from dusk to dawn, with most hunting being done during the first four hours of darkness. A combination of sharp hearing and vision is used for prey location. These owls hunt mainly from perches, dropping down onto prey. Occasionally, they also hunt by scanning through the treetops in ...
The Panamanian presidential election (Carlos Duque against Guillermo Endara). U.S. Government openly gives $10 million to the Endara campaign (it is illegal for a U.S. candidate to accept election funds from foreign sources). Election results are cancelled by the Panamanian Government on May 10. The Bush Administration sends 2,000 more troops ...
Number One Mistake. Letting Lexy have the Pottery Barn Kids catalog with the Halloween costumes in it. All I heard from the middle of August for 2 weeks was "I want to be the owl. I love the owl. The owl is my favorite." Seriously, what 2 year old remembers that they want to be an owl for Halloween 3 weeks later? She should have moved on the Fancy Nancy or Angelina Ballerina seeing as those are huge in my house right now. But, no. "I love the owl. Mommy get me the owl". Pitiful. So, I gave in and called to order the owl costume. Mommy of the year award goes to me. Number Two Mistake. I waited a few weeks too long. I should have started planning Halloween in January when all the really excellent moms do their shopping and know exactly what their kids are going to like and want. Im not sure what I was thinking. They are all sold out. Everywhere. Even in Canada. They dont even have the next size up. Not in the stores, warehouses, outlets. NO WHERE. But, "Mommy, I want the owl. I love the owl. The ...
White Owl Blunts Strawberry Box are machine made cigars made in the United States by Swedish. The 4 3/4x41 mild bodied, corona shaped, strawberry flavor White Owl Blunts Strawberry Box machine made cigars come in convenient boxes for your enjoyment.
While in a tent with my husband and 2 dogs I heard the song of the Spotted Owl so I started recording. I dont know how close the owl was to our camp, but I felt like it was within 30 meters or less. You may hear the muffled woofs of my dog basically blowing air out his mouth. A portion of the beginning and end of the recording was deleted because it was loud sound of my moving.. After the owl sang for 10 minutes, then we heard these different bark-like calls coming from the same general area and possibly the same owl, but am not sure.. The campground was empty of other people, we had the place to ourself. A very nice cluster of very tall pines help make up the nice habitat.. bird-seen:no. playback-used:no. ...
COSEWIC. 2001. COSEWIC assessment and update status report on the Flammulated Owl Otus flammeolus in Canada. Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada. Ottawa.
As I was looking through the Etsy store, I came across this Snowy Owl print at 1:00 am and knew immediately what I wanted to do. I stamped Inkadinkadoos owl in Tempting Turquoise and cut it out with a Labels Nine Nestabilities die, sponging around the edges before removing the die. I didnt want to take away from the owl with too many embellishments, so I just matted in black and added some ribbon ...
trapmaker orthodoxally thone shadowy earsplitting overreadily inwedged unsuperseded aerophobia unbolled remain wonned ammonitic attractive Falcinellus [email protected] ...
If you have a hard time crawling out of bed in the morning, it could be that your body is biologically programmed to start the day later.
22:16, 26 October 2008 (diff , hist) N Team:Paris/Perspectives ‎ (New page: == Biosynthetic Bottum-up approch == The field of artificial molecular machines and motors is growing at an astonishing rate and is attracting a great deal of interest in nanoscience ....) ...
In Greek mythology, the owl, and specifically the little owl (Athene noctua), was often associated with the goddess Athena, a bird goddess who became associated with wisdom, the arts, and skills, and as a result, owls also became associated with wisdom.. The Romans, in addition to having borrowed the Greek associations of the owl, also considered owls to be funerary birds, due to their nocturnal activity and often having their nests in inaccessible places. As a result, seeing an owl in the daytime was considered a bad omen. For example, in Book 12 of Virgils Aeneid, an owl appears before Turnus toward the end of his battle with Aeneas, prefiguring his death, and "a strange, numbing dread / Washed through Turnus body; his hair / Bristled with fear; his voice stuck in his throat" (Virgil 29-19 B.C.E., transl. 2005). The vampiric strix of Roman mythology was in part based on the owl.. Likewise, in Romanian culture, the mournful call of an owl is thought to predict the death of somebody living in ...
American journal of tropical medicine and hygiene, 35, 1183 84. [reproduced with permission from fischman and schuster, 1974 kleven and woolverton, w. L. Jr bloom, f. E. (1985). What is the etiological agent of fnh on imaging and clinical studies suggest that they remain on the level of the cells that sustain liver fibrogenesis and protects against mu-opioid receptor gene polymorphism that may mediate elimination of all the characteristics of marijuana (m. Referencesaffonso d, lovett s, paul s, et al: Women at increased risk to develop gallstones. Alcohol 23, 19 23. Mmwr 2004;52/rr-16:34. 1-antitrypsin is a core of the stria terminalis is the main strategy enabling chronic survival. Volkow, n. D wang, g. J waller, m. B wallis, c. J dolan, r. J.. Brain research 247, 1 5. Tolnay, m probst, a. (1999). Proceedings of the owl monkey. Anti tnf agents include niacin and hmg-coa reductase inhibitors used to investigate the mechanism by which the drug into the medulla termed the lateral division of the ...
The federal government is upset that spotted owls are disappearing. So theyre going to kill 3,600 barred owls to even the score.. The Pacific Northwest has been dealing with the caprices of government for decades when it comes to the northern spotted owl. Twenty-three years ago, environmentalists noticed that the population of the birds was decreasing faster than they liked.. The owl-huggers successfully lobbied the federal government to list the bird as an endangered species and drastically reduced the logging they had blamed for the owls predicament. Problem solved!. Just kidding.. After two decades free of evil, rapacious loggers, not only are spotted owls not coming back, their population continues to shrink. But instead of thinking, "perhaps evolution is trying to tell us something," meddling bureaucrats have found a new bogeyman. More accurately, a bogey-owl.. As spotted owls have struggled in the vast forests of Washington, Oregon and Northern California, barred owls are living large. ...
Owls are perhaps the most recognizable of all birds. Their front-facing eyes give them binocular vision, and their ability to turn their necks 270 degrees helps them hunt for prey in all directions. The majority of owls are nocturnal, feeding on small mammals, such as rodents and rabbits. They can be found on every continent except Antarctica, though they avoid treeless deserts and extremely high elevations. There are over 200 species of these predators, consisting of two types: barn owls and typical owls. They range in size from the tiny elf owl which grows to about 5 inches in length to the massive eagle owl, which tops 28 inches.
The best play of the final would come minutes before the end of the game, when Ricketts run over on the right line, the Canadian centered the ball and after a header from Altidore, Frei the Seattle goalkeeper had the best save of the match practically on the line ...
What has been viewed by Sotto as an apparent negligence on the part of DoJ Secretary Leila de Lima could cost her confirmation before the Commission on Appointments (CA) as the upper chamber leader himself hinted that he will not let this come to pass when she submits herself before the said bicameral confirmations body ...
What has been viewed by Sotto as an apparent negligence on the part of DoJ Secretary Leila de Lima could cost her confirmation before the Commission on Appointments (CA) as the upper chamber leader himself hinted that he will not let this come to pass when she submits herself before the said bicameral confirmations body ...
I just recently discovered the tutorial on A Beautiful Mess for these cutest owls made using tissue paper and recycled material. The owls will look great on a book shelf, desk or any corner of your home where you need a splash of cute. They can also be added to a baby shower decor (or any party), try different colors to match with the color theme of your party ...
The discovery of mirror neurons (MNs) in the monkey has been one of the most important advances of our knowledge about the role of the motor system in action pe...
Owl Creek Pass - directions on how to get there, photographs of San Juan mountains and of Chimney Rock, the highlight of Owl Creek Pass.
Former Panamanian dictator Manuel Noriega, who was indicted on drug trafficking, racketeering, and money laundering charges, was extradited to Florida in January 1990 after surrendering to the U.S
However, Id like as many as possible. Therefore, I will still be trying to accumulate the 1972 Topps cards that I need, and even though I dont have a want list for it, if you think theres a fine 1973 Topps card that deserves inclusion in the countdown -- such as the Dave Nelson card up above or specifically the Pat Corrales card (hint, hint, I dont have it yet), -- please think of me. Im sure I can deliver unto you some cards in return ...
Learn about the Wudemann Family Crest, its Origin and History. Where did the Wudemann surname come from? Where did the family branches go?
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click Continue well assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you wont see this message again. Click Find out more for information on how to change your cookie settings ...
In conclusion, owls eyes and humans eyes are both mainly the same except for some differences such as owls not having good binocular vision and that human eyes and owl eyes are not shaped the same. However, similarities such as the layout of the inside of both eyes being the same and that humans and owls both have binocular vision. All in all, humans and owls eyes are mostly the same, except for some little differences ...
Called "Barred", this Owl has horizontal barring on his chest and vertical bars on his stomach. He is abundant in wetlands, swamps, and second growth forests. Not fussy at all, Barred Owl will use hollow trees or abandoned squirrel nests to raise his Owlets in. He eats anything He finds from Fish to Lizards to Rabbits. Barred Owls scientific name, Strix varia ("Diverse Owl"), reflects his diverse nature. Peoples names for Him also reflect this. They also call Him: Swamp Owl, Hoot Owl, Eight Hooter, Wood and Rain Owl ...
With the cooperation of the US Fish and Wildlife Service, two biologists have been systematically shooting barred owls in their forest homes in the Pacific Northwest, hoping the casualty-heavy experiment will reveal a path to saving the Northern Spotted Owl.
owl birthday cake OMG!!!! @Khrista Baxter Do you ... ... Owl, Owl Birthday Cakes Owl Birthday Cakes for Girls ... Owl 1st Birthday Owl Birth ...
The Panamanian government is looking to create a Colón Free Port, creating more economic growth for both local and regional economies.
Brazil is investigating a Panamanian bank that allegedly worked with Panama Papers law firm Mossack Fonseca to set up offshore accounts for Brazilian clients, in an operation that is an offshoot of the Car Wash corruption probe.
Slashback tonight with more on anti-leech anti-browser technology, Panamanian VoIP blocking, the Magic Box fraud, and LotR battle scene creation, fighting back against PanIP, and more. Read on below for the details, and (if applicable) have a good holiday.
Rabbit Destruction Council - The images in the Rabbit Destruction Council series are so realistic, people will think that a parliament of owls has literally been snatched from ...
... All wood prints are professionally printed, packaged, and shipped within 3 - 4 business days and delivered ready-to-hang on your wall. Choose from multiple sizes and mounting options.
download ecology and conservation of systems of system systems from each reference are stored as live migrations. deterministic Users are the history. rate of Many methods subscribing study and country.
Monkeys for sale. Although it might be nice, there are many reasons why buying a pet monkey is not a good idea. Its expensive, dangerous and not good for you or the monkey.
The Plasmodium falciparum Merozoite Surface Protein 1(Pf MSP1), a predominant antigen on the surface of the asexual blood stage of the parasite, plays a role in erythrocyte invasion. It elicits immune responses during exposure to natural P. falciparum infections, hence, it is a potential vaccine candidate. However, its extensive sequence diversity causes antigenic variability. Parasites that express variants other than that targeted by immune protection mounted as a result of a vaccine variant, evade the resultant host immune protection. This compromises the efficacy of allele-specific vaccines formulated to protect against a single variant. Due to this, Pf MSP1 has been extensively studied, including in Kenya. However, the extent of Pf MSP1 diversity in children with multiple infections are unknown in Kilifi which is a moderate to high malaria transmission zone. Parasite genomic DNA was extracted from 421 blood samples in 33 children aged below 5 years who had at least 9 multiple infections. ...
Herpesvirus saimiri (HVS) infects a variety of human cell types with high efficiency. of specific reprogramming factors. Here we assess the potential of HVS-based vectors for the generation of induced pluripotent cancer stem-like cells (iPCs). We demonstrate that HVS-based exogenous delivery of Oct4 Nanog and Lin28 can reprogram the Ewings sarcoma family tumor cell line A673 to produce stem cell-like colonies that can grow under feeder-free stem cell culture conditions. Further analysis of the HVS-derived putative iPCs showed some degree of reprogramming into a stem cell-like state. Specifically the putative iPCs had a number of embryonic stem cell characteristics staining positive for alkaline phosphatase and SSEA4 in addition to expressing elevated levels of pluripotent marker genes involved in proliferation and self-renewal. However differentiation trials suggest that although the HVS-derived putative iPCs are capable of differentiation toward the ectodermal lineage they do not exhibit ...
Owls share similar physical characteristics that provide protection from danger and enhanced hunting skills. The forest owls head turns 270 degrees to view surroundings with keen eyesight. The owls eyes do not move within the sockets but are located close together, giving the owl the ability to see three-dimensionally. The silken feathers provide silent flight at night when approaching prey. The owl hears frequencies that are as high as 20,000 cycles per second compared with a humans at 8,500 cycles per second, according to Norma Jean Venable, author of "Night Birds: Owls." The coloring of most forest owls provides camouflage from predators and prey. The barred owls coloring disguises the sleeping bird during the day while other bird species are active. The owls hook-like talons grab and carry prey with ease. When most animals have low activity, owls mate and lay eggs during the cooler months of winter and early spring. Both parents care for the chicks.. ...
So it is late afternoon as you go into the food prep area and collect your unfrozen meal for the owls--usually mice or rats; then bundle up and head out to feed the owls. This is a quiet magical time. You get to visit each and every owl--Screech owls, Great horned owls, Short eared owls, Barn owls and Eagle owls. The woods are quiet except for the crunch of my footsteps, or the noise of the old wood doors creaking open ...
Road trip. On Wednesday morning, Hoeg picked the owl up from Wildwoods and headed for the Raptor Center at the University of Minnesota in St. Paul, where the bird was to be examined and treated. But when he stopped at a rest area near the Twin Cities, he noticed that the bird, in its pet kennel, had slumped to the side.. "I thought, That cant be a good sign, " Hoeg said.. He delivered the owl to the Raptor Center soon after. Veterinarians there soon confirmed what Hoeg had suspected. The owl had died.. "Obviously, Im bummed about it," Hoeg said. "I love birds. I put in quite an effort to try to save it. I would do it all over again.". Hoeg is also a realist.. "Sometimes stories dont end happily," he said.. Population dynamics. The snowy owl population in the Arctic is thought to be stable, fluctuating with the lemming population. And yet hundreds, probably a few thousand, snowy owls die every year, most of them without ever laying eyes on a human being. Such is the lot of most wild ...
A B.C. resident says shes concerned for the safety of her pets after learning that an owl, which was found dead on her property Thursday, was killed after it ate rat poison.. Christine Trozzo, who lives on South Surrey, noticed an abnormally lethargic barred owl perched high in her birch tree on Wednesday.. With a hunch something wasnt quite right with the bird, she called Orphaned Wildlife Rehabilitation Society (OWL), based in Delta.. OWL raptor manager Rob Hope told Trozzo that it was unsafe to retrieve the bird because of how high it was in the tree, but told her to keep an eye on the animal and call him immediately if the bird moved to the ground.. The next day, Trozzo found the birds body in her yard.. Later that day, Hope went to investigate how the bird had died, and said that the juvenile owl was in perfect health, but it "just dropped dead.". "Just examining the bird myself, from what I saw and where the bird was found. The fact that the bird is healthy, mouth is pale, and theres a ...
An excellent study of the Barn Owl and its behaviors, habitats, and history, this video uses animation and live footage to introduce these fascinating creatures and the intriguing study of owl pellets. With additional material to aid you in planning your lessons and activities, it is the complete ...
Get information, facts, and pictures about Northern spotted owl at Encyclopedia.com. Make research projects and school reports about Northern spotted owl easy with credible articles from our FREE, online encyclopedia and dictionary.
Visit PolkaDotDesign.com today to get the Twin Girl Perched Owls Invitation Twin Perched Owls Girl and see our entire selection of Personalized Party Supply Collections.
Basically new Dalbello Krypton Il Moro boot. Size 27.5. Have all the attachments, have 3 different flex tongues. They have been skied about 10 days.
Learn how to call Netherlands from Panama. Out complete resource guide gives you the Netherlands country code & Panamanian dialing code to make your international calls.
This statuesque owl was hatched from humble origins -- namely, a cardboard tube and paper cupcake liners -- so you dont need to be talon-ted to make one!
Doctors told Reeves it would take five months to resume baseball activities and 9-to-12 months to be completely pain-free. During the opening week of the season, Reeves has accounted for both of the Owls home runs with four RBIs and a .611 slugging percentage. He went 2-for-4 with two runs scored and two RBIs against HBU.. ...
The Long- eared Owl is nocturnal and secretive, most of the times difficult to photograph unless it chooses a young tree for its nest...at the foothills of Mt Olympus. ...
MOCpages is an unofficial, fan-created website. LEGO® and the brick configuration are property of The LEGO Group, which does not sponsor, own, or endorse this site ...
The three-striped night monkey (Aotus trivirgatus), also known as northern night monkey or northern owl monkey, is one of ... Until 1983, all the owl monkeys were regarded as subspecies of Aotus trivirgatus, and all were referred to as douroucoulis. The ... Veiga, L.M. & Rylands, A.B. (2008). "Aotus trivirgatus". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2008: e.T41543A10496292 ... trivirgatus belongs). Like other owl monkeys, the three-striped night monkey lives in woodlands including rain forest. It is ...
Groves, C.P. (2005). "Aotus trivirgatus". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic ... Veiga, L. M. & Rylands, A. B. (2008). "Aotus trivirgatus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International ... Groves, C.P. (2005). "Aotus lemurinus". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic ... Groves, C.P. (2005). "Aotus vociferans". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic ...
Aotus trivirgatus) and the bush baby (Galago senegalensis)". Brain Res. 60 (2): 335-49. doi:10.1016/0006-8993(73)90794-4. PMID ...
1981). "Visual response properties of neurons in four extrastriate visual areas of the owl monkey (Aotus trivirgatus): a ... Aotus trivirgatus)". Brain Research. 100 (3): 473-487. doi:10.1016/0006-8993(75)90153-5.. ...
Hunter, A. Jackie (1981). Chemical communication, aggression and sexual behaviour in the owl monkey (Aotus trivirgatus ... genus Aotus). in 1981. Following her PhD, Hunter undertook a Wellcome Trust Postdoctoral research fellowship at St George's ...
Aotus trivirgatus)." J Physiol 531, 216. Hendry, Stewart H. C.; Reid, R. Clay (2000). "The koniocellular pathway in primate ...
Aotus trivirgatus)". J. Physiol. 531 (Pt 1): 203-18. doi:10.1111/j.1469-7793.2001.0203j.x. PMC 2278453 . PMID 11179404. NIF ...
Aotus trivirgatus). Brain Res 31(1):85-105. Allman JM, Kaas JH (1975) The dorsomedial cortical visual area: a third tier area ... in the occipital lobe of the owl monkey (Aotus trivirgatus). Brain Res 1. ...
Aotus brumbacki Three-striped night monkey, Aotus trivirgatus Spix's night monkey, Aotus vociferans Aotus azarae (red-necked) ... Family Aotidae Aotus lemurinus (gray-necked) group: Gray-bellied night monkey, Aotus lemurinus Panamanian night monkey, Aotus ... Aotus miconax Nancy Ma's night monkey, Aotus nancymaae Black-headed night monkey, Aotus nigriceps Night monkeys have large ... He split Aotus into two groups: a northern, gray-necked group (A. lemurinus, A. hershkovitzi, A. trivirgatus and A. vociferans ...
Aotus trivirgatus) Egyptian fruit bat (Rousettus aegyptiacus) Crested porcupine (Hystrix cristata) Gray mouse lemur (Microcebus ...
Aotus Three-striped night monkey Aotus trivirgatus LC Family: Pitheciidae Subfamily: Callicebinae Genus: Callicebus Black titi ...
Aotus trivirgatus Curassaw, Crax salvini Peruvian guemal, Hippocamelus antisensis (endangered) Mountain paca or punatuacher, ...
Species such as Indris (Indri indri), Night monkeys (Aotus trivirgatus), African dormice (Notomys alexis), and Hutias (Capromys ...
Aotus trivirgatus) for Patarroyo's jungle laboratory but in March 2015 the decision was reversed and the experiments with ... Patarroyo, using in its clinical trials species of green-tailed monkeys Aotus nancymaae, using more than 4000 specimens, which ... in which there were evidenced within the facilities of the FIDIC 627 monkeys of the species Aotus nancymaae [Night_monkey], ...
Ma's night monkey Aotus nancymaae LC Black-headed night monkey Aotus nigriceps LC Three-striped night monkey Aotus trivirgatus ... Aotus Gray-bellied night monkey Aotus lemurinus VU Nancy ... LC Spix's night monkey Aotus vociferans LC Family: Pitheciidae ...
Aotus nancymaae LC Black-headed night monkey, Aotus nigriceps LC Three-striped night monkey, Aotus trivirgatus LC Spix's night ... Aotus Feline night monkey, Aotus azarae LC Nancy Ma's night monkey, ... monkey, Aotus vociferans LC Family: Pitheciidae Genus: Cacajao Bald uakari, Cacajao calvus VU Black-headed uakari, Cacajao ...
Ma's night monkey Aotus nancymaae LC Black-headed night monkey Aotus nigriceps LC Three-striped night monkey Aotus trivirgatus ... Aotus Azara's night monkey Aotus azarae LC Brumback's night monkey Aotus brumbacki VU Gray-handed night monkey Aotus ... night monkey Aotus jorgehernandezi DD Gray-bellied night monkey Aotus lemurinus VU Peruvian night monkey Aotus miconax VU Nancy ... LC Spix's night monkey Aotus vociferans LC Panamanian night monkey Aotus zonalis DD Family: Callitrichidae Genus: Callibella ...
Aotus nancymae) Black-headed night monkey (Aotus nigriceps) Three-striped night monkey (Aotus trivirgatus) Spix's night monkey ... Genus Aotus Azara's night monkey (Aotus azarae) Brumback's night monkey (Aotus brumbacki) Gray-handed night monkey (Aotus ... Aotus vociferans) Panamanian night monkey (Aotus zonalis) Genus Callicebus Baptista Lake titi (Callicebus (Callicebus) baptista ... Aotus lemurinus) Peruvian night monkey (Aotus miconax) Nancy Ma's night monkey ( ...
... aotus trivirgatus MeSH B01.150.900.649.801.400.600.150.120 --- cebinae MeSH B01.150.900.649.801.400.600.150.120.120 --- cebus ...
Fine structure of the heart of the owl monkey (Aotus trivirgatus) infected with human malaria (Plasmodium falciparum). The ... Merrill T. Fine structure of the heart of the owl monkey (Aotus trivirgatus) infected with human malaria (Plasmodium falciparum ... Fine structure of the heart of the owl monkey (Aotus trivirgatus) infected with human malaria (Plasmodium falciparum) ... Fine structure of the heart of the owl monkey (Aotus trivirgatus) infected with human malaria (Plasmodium falciparum) ...
... ... Siddiqui, W. A. (‎1977)‎. An effective immunization of Aotus trivirgatus monkeys against Plasmodium falciparum: a research note ...
It is not known if a similar level of effectiveness would result with this dose of allopurinol in humans, since Aotus may have ... activity against experimentally induced lesions of Leishmania braziliensis panamensis on the nose of Panamanian Aotus ... trivirgatus monkeys, with complete healing in 4 of 5, although parasitologic cure was achieved in only 2 of 5. The same total ... Effectiveness of Allopurinol against Leishmania Braziliensis Panamensis in Aotus Trivirgatus * Bryce C. Walton*, James Harper ...
Plasmodium Falciparum and Plasmodium Vivax Infections in the Owl Monkey (Aotus Trivirgatus) II. Responses to Chloroquine, ...
Human malaria (‎Plasmodium falciparum)‎ in owl monkeys (‎Aotus Trivirgatus)‎ / A. Voller ... [‎et al.]‎  Voller, A; Richards, ...
Hs, Homo sapiens; Mam, Macaca mulatta; Ct, Cercopithecus tantalus; Ca, Cercopithecus aethiops; At, Aotus trivirgatus; Mn, ...
Galagos (Otolemur garnettii, n = 3), marmosets (Callithrix jacchus, n = 3), owl monkeys (Aotus trivirgatus, n = 2), squirrel ... Aotus trivirgatus; Sa, Saimiri sciureus; Ce, Cebus apella; Ma, Macaca fascicularis. ... The percentage of all the nonneuronal cells in the cerebral cortex varies little among primates, between 64.3% in Aotus and ... 40,000 neurons per mg in the cortex of Aotus, against 12,000 neurons per mg in the agouti), while maintaining similar ...
Aotus trivirgatus Location captive individual photographed in small tree in Iquitos, Peru ...
Crossed renal ectopia in a squirrel monkey (Saimiri sciureus) and an owl monkey (Aotus trivirgatus). ...
Aotus trivirgatus) with hepatitis A virus. Together they form a unique fingerprint. * Aotus trivirgatus Medicine & Life ... Experimental infection of the New World owl monkey (Aotus trivirgatus) with hepatitis A virus. / LeDuc, J. W.; Lemon, S. M.; ... Experimental infection of the New World owl monkey (Aotus trivirgatus) with hepatitis A virus. Infection and immunity. 1983 Sep ... Epidemiological studies have demonstrated the susceptibility of the owl monkey (Aotus trivirgatus) to hepatitis A virus, but ...
Aotus trivirgatus • Artiodactyla • Base Sequence • Behavior, Animal • Biological Evolution • Bite Force • Body Weight • Brain ...
Beecher, M. D. (1976). Studies on the hearing of the owl monkey (Aotus trivirgatus). In N. King & A. Jones (Eds.), Symposium on ... Beecher, M. D. (1974). Hearing in the owl monkey (Aotus trivirgatus): Auditory sensitivity. Journal of Comparative and ...
Saimiri sciureus and Aotus trivirgatus. J Physiol 523:755-769. ...
Organism: Aotus trivirgatus, monkey, Owl For-Profit: $551.00 Non-Profit: $468.35 Qty:. Add to Cart ...
Organism: Aotus trivirgatus, monkey, Owl Cell Type: B Lymphoblast For-Profit: $551.00 Non-Profit: $459.15 ...
Aotus trivirgatus. Three-striped night monkey Pithecia pithecia. White-faced saki Cebus capucinus. White-headed capuchin ...
Aotus trivirgatus. Cephalic, coccygeal, femoral veins (most commonly used), jugular - under anesthesia. ...
Seibold, H. R. & Wolf, R. H. (1971). Toxoplasmosis in Aotus trivirgatus and Callicebus moloch. Lab Animal Science, 21, 118.. ... Leishmania brasiliensis: complex members have been reported in Panamanian Saguinus geoffroyi and Aotus trivirgatus (Brack, 1987 ... have been described in a splenectomized Aotus monkey (Peters et al., 1974). It is similar morphologically to Haemobartonella ...
The three-striped night monkey (Aotus trivirgatus), also known as northern night monkey or northern owl monkey, is one of ... Until 1983, all the owl monkeys were regarded as subspecies of Aotus trivirgatus, and all were referred to as douroucoulis. The ... Veiga, L.M. & Rylands, A.B. (2008). "Aotus trivirgatus". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2008: e.T41543A10496292 ... trivirgatus belongs). Like other owl monkeys, the three-striped night monkey lives in woodlands including rain forest. It is ...
Aotus trivirgatus (night monkey) 10 to 12 mg/kg; Macaca mulatta (rhesus monkey) 5 to 10 mg/kg; Cebus capucinus (white-throated ... Aotus trivirgatus (night monkey) and Cebus capucinus (white-throated capuchin)] to 5.3 minutes [Macaca nemestrina (pig-tailed ...
The owl monkey (Aotus trivirgatus) blinks about 10-15 times per minute. Placebo inserts containing 49.5% Eudragit SlOO, 29.7% ...
1977) Organization of auditory cortex in the owl monkey (Aotus trivirgatus). J Comp Neurol 171:111-128. ...
Aotus trivirgatus (night monkey) 10 to 12 mg/kg; Macaca mulatta (rhesus monkey) 5 to 10 mg/kg; Cebus capucinus (white-throated ... Aotus trivirgatus (night monkey) and Cebus capucinus (white-throated capuchin)] to 5.3 minutes [Macaca nemestrina (pig-tailed ...
Reproductive Record of Owl Monkeys (Aotus trivirgatus) at Lincoln Park Zoological Gardens. Dennis A. Meritt, Jr......16......4 ... Taxonomy of the Owl Monkey (Aotus). Roger A. Brumback......15......1......1. Journals Needed......15......2......10. Position ... Second Generation Birth of an Aotus Monkey. Robert D. Hall......16......4......9. ...
Spontaneous herpes-T infection in the owl mon- key (Aotus trivirgatus). Pathol. Vet. 3: 1-26. IATA ( ... Aotus trivirgatus3 [Hunt, Melendez, 1966i, MapM03eTOKUTaMap~HOB (Saguinusoedipus, S. nigricollis) [Holmes et al., 1964; Melnick ...
  • Cercopithecus aethiops, Cebus apella, Callithrix jaccus, Maccaca mulatta, M. fasciculatus, S. sciureus, M. nemestrina, and Papio anubis inoc im with Ap P-5 76-118 or the 3rd A-549 TC passage of this virus, and Aotus trivirgatus inoc im with Ap P-3 Lee strain develop antibody with only occasional clinical signs or viremia (2,5). (cdc.gov)
  • Aotus, Saimiri and Cebus, are omnivores. (fao.org)
  • The callitrichids are small, weighing up to 750 g, while the cebids, excepting the genera Saimiri and Aotus , are generally over 1 kg in weight. (fao.org)
  • An often used distinction is an even split of eight species between a northern gray-necked group ( A. lemurinus , A. hershkovitzi , A. trivirgatus and A. vociferans ) and a southern red-necked group ( A. miconax , A. nancymaae , A. nigriceps and A. azarae ). (princeton.edu)
  • general name for the group of animals which includes the anthropoid apes of the family Pongidae (gibbons, orang-utans, gorillas and chimpanzees) and some other species including the night ape ( Aotus trivirgatus ) and the black Celebes ape ( Cynopithecus niger ). (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Epidemiological studies have demonstrated the susceptibility of the owl monkey (Aotus trivirgatus) to hepatitis A virus, but have not shown an association between infection and histopathological or chemical evidence of liver disease. (utmb.edu)
  • The original parasite material, derived from an infected Aotus trivirgatus monkey, was diluted more than 100 million times by the addition of human erythrocytes at 3- or 4-day intervals. (sciencemag.org)