Aortic Diseases: Pathological processes involving any part of the AORTA.Aortic Valve Stenosis: A pathological constriction that can occur above (supravalvular stenosis), below (subvalvular stenosis), or at the AORTIC VALVE. It is characterized by restricted outflow from the LEFT VENTRICLE into the AORTA.Aortic Stenosis, Supravalvular: A pathological constriction occurring in the region above the AORTIC VALVE. It is characterized by restricted outflow from the LEFT VENTRICLE into the AORTA.Aortic Valve: The valve between the left ventricle and the ascending aorta which prevents backflow into the left ventricle.Aortic Aneurysm, Thoracic: An abnormal balloon- or sac-like dilatation in the wall of the THORACIC AORTA. This proximal descending portion of aorta gives rise to the visceral and the parietal branches above the aortic hiatus at the diaphragm.Aneurysm, Dissecting: Aneurysm caused by a tear in the TUNICA INTIMA of a blood vessel leading to interstitial HEMORRHAGE, and splitting (dissecting) of the vessel wall, often involving the AORTA. Dissection between the intima and media causes luminal occlusion. Dissection at the media, or between the media and the outer adventitia causes aneurismal dilation.Heart Valve Prosthesis Implantation: Surgical insertion of synthetic material to repair injured or diseased heart valves.Aortic Aneurysm: An abnormal balloon- or sac-like dilatation in the wall of AORTA.Aortic Stenosis, Subvalvular: A pathological constriction occurring in the region below the AORTIC VALVE. It is characterized by restricted outflow from the LEFT VENTRICLE into the AORTA.Aorta, Thoracic: The portion of the descending aorta proceeding from the arch of the aorta and extending to the DIAPHRAGM, eventually connecting to the ABDOMINAL AORTA.Marfan Syndrome: An autosomal dominant disorder of CONNECTIVE TISSUE with abnormal features in the heart, the eye, and the skeleton. Cardiovascular manifestations include MITRAL VALVE PROLAPSE, dilation of the AORTA, and aortic dissection. Other features include lens displacement (ectopia lentis), disproportioned long limbs and enlarged DURA MATER (dural ectasia). Marfan syndrome is associated with mutations in the gene encoding fibrillin, a major element of extracellular microfibrils of connective tissue.Carotid Stenosis: Narrowing or stricture of any part of the CAROTID ARTERIES, most often due to atherosclerotic plaque formation. Ulcerations may form in atherosclerotic plaques and induce THROMBUS formation. Platelet or cholesterol emboli may arise from stenotic carotid lesions and induce a TRANSIENT ISCHEMIC ATTACK; CEREBROVASCULAR ACCIDENT; or temporary blindness (AMAUROSIS FUGAX). (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp 822-3)Heart Valve Prosthesis: A device that substitutes for a heart valve. It may be composed of biological material (BIOPROSTHESIS) and/or synthetic material.Blood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation: Surgical insertion of BLOOD VESSEL PROSTHESES to repair injured or diseased blood vessels.Aortography: Radiographic visualization of the aorta and its branches by injection of contrast media, using percutaneous puncture or catheterization procedures.Aorta, Abdominal: The aorta from the DIAPHRAGM to the bifurcation into the right and left common iliac arteries.Blood Vessel Prosthesis: Device constructed of either synthetic or biological material that is used for the repair of injured or diseased blood vessels.Cardiac Catheterization: Procedures in which placement of CARDIAC CATHETERS is performed for therapeutic or diagnostic procedures.Coronary Stenosis: Narrowing or constriction of a coronary artery.Spinal Stenosis: Narrowing of the spinal canal.Endovascular Procedures: Minimally invasive procedures, diagnostic or therapeutic, performed within the BLOOD VESSELS. They may be perfomed via ANGIOSCOPY; INTERVENTIONAL MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING; INTERVENTIONAL RADIOGRAPHY; or INTERVENTIONAL ULTRASONOGRAPHY.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Stents: Devices that provide support for tubular structures that are being anastomosed or for body cavities during skin grafting.Pulmonary Valve Stenosis: The pathologic narrowing of the orifice of the PULMONARY VALVE. This lesion restricts blood outflow from the RIGHT VENTRICLE to the PULMONARY ARTERY. When the trileaflet valve is fused into an imperforate membrane, the blockage is complete.Tracheal StenosisMitral Valve Stenosis: Narrowing of the passage through the MITRAL VALVE due to FIBROSIS, and CALCINOSIS in the leaflets and chordal areas. This elevates the left atrial pressure which, in turn, raises pulmonary venous and capillary pressure leading to bouts of DYSPNEA and TACHYCARDIA during physical exertion. RHEUMATIC FEVER is its primary cause.Heart Valve Diseases: Pathological conditions involving any of the various HEART VALVES and the associated structures (PAPILLARY MUSCLES and CHORDAE TENDINEAE).Echocardiography, Doppler: Measurement of intracardiac blood flow using an M-mode and/or two-dimensional (2-D) echocardiogram while simultaneously recording the spectrum of the audible Doppler signal (e.g., velocity, direction, amplitude, intensity, timing) reflected from the moving column of red blood cells.Aortic Valve Insufficiency: Pathological condition characterized by the backflow of blood from the ASCENDING AORTA back into the LEFT VENTRICLE, leading to regurgitation. It is caused by diseases of the AORTIC VALVE or its surrounding tissue (aortic root).Diagnostic Techniques, Cardiovascular: Methods and procedures for the diagnosis of diseases or dysfunction of the cardiovascular system or its organs or demonstration of their physiological processes.Aortic Rupture: The tearing or bursting of the wall along any portion of the AORTA, such as thoracic or abdominal. It may result from the rupture of an aneurysm or it may be due to TRAUMA.Echocardiography: Ultrasonic recording of the size, motion, and composition of the heart and surrounding tissues. The standard approach is transthoracic.Calcinosis: Pathologic deposition of calcium salts in tissues.Postoperative Complications: Pathologic processes that affect patients after a surgical procedure. They may or may not be related to the disease for which the surgery was done, and they may or may not be direct results of the surgery.Catheterization: Use or insertion of a tubular device into a duct, blood vessel, hollow organ, or body cavity for injecting or withdrawing fluids for diagnostic or therapeutic purposes. It differs from INTUBATION in that the tube here is used to restore or maintain patency in obstructions.Constriction, Pathologic: The condition of an anatomical structure's being constricted beyond normal dimensions.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.ElastinPyloric Stenosis: Narrowing of the pyloric canal with varied etiology. A common form is due to muscle hypertrophy (PYLORIC STENOSIS, HYPERTROPHIC) seen in infants.Aorta: The main trunk of the systemic arteries.Severity of Illness Index: Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.Magnetic Resonance Angiography: Non-invasive method of vascular imaging and determination of internal anatomy without injection of contrast media or radiation exposure. The technique is used especially in CEREBRAL ANGIOGRAPHY as well as for studies of other vascular structures.Tomography, X-Ray Computed: Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.Prosthesis Design: The plan and delineation of prostheses in general or a specific prosthesis.Bioprosthesis: Prosthesis, usually heart valve, composed of biological material and whose durability depends upon the stability of the material after pretreatment, rather than regeneration by host cell ingrowth. Durability is achieved 1, mechanically by the interposition of a cloth, usually polytetrafluoroethylene, between the host and the graft, and 2, chemically by stabilization of the tissue by intermolecular linking, usually with glutaraldehyde, after removal of antigenic components, or the use of reconstituted and restructured biopolymers.Hemodynamics: The movement and the forces involved in the movement of the blood through the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM.Angioplasty: Reconstruction or repair of a blood vessel, which includes the widening of a pathological narrowing of an artery or vein by the removal of atheromatous plaque material and/or the endothelial lining as well, or by dilatation (BALLOON ANGIOPLASTY) to compress an ATHEROMA. Except for ENDARTERECTOMY, usually these procedures are performed via catheterization as minimally invasive ENDOVASCULAR PROCEDURES.Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal: An abnormal balloon- or sac-like dilatation in the wall of the ABDOMINAL AORTA which gives rise to the visceral, the parietal, and the terminal (iliac) branches below the aortic hiatus at the diaphragm.Vascular Surgical Procedures: Operative procedures for the treatment of vascular disorders.Williams Syndrome: A disorder caused by hemizygous microdeletion of about 28 genes on chromosome 7q11.23, including the ELASTIN gene. Clinical manifestations include SUPRAVALVULAR AORTIC STENOSIS; MENTAL RETARDATION; elfin facies; impaired visuospatial constructive abilities; and transient HYPERCALCEMIA in infancy. The condition affects both sexes, with onset at birth or in early infancy.Hypertrophy, Left Ventricular: Enlargement of the LEFT VENTRICLE of the heart. This increase in ventricular mass is attributed to sustained abnormal pressure or volume loads and is a contributor to cardiovascular morbidity and mortality.Reoperation: A repeat operation for the same condition in the same patient due to disease progression or recurrence, or as followup to failed previous surgery.Stroke Volume: The amount of BLOOD pumped out of the HEART per beat, not to be confused with cardiac output (volume/time). It is calculated as the difference between the end-diastolic volume and the end-systolic volume.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Ventricular Function, Left: The hemodynamic and electrophysiological action of the left HEART VENTRICLE. Its measurement is an important aspect of the clinical evaluation of patients with heart disease to determine the effects of the disease on cardiac performance.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Discrete Subaortic Stenosis: A type of constriction that is caused by the presence of a fibrous ring (discrete type) below the AORTIC VALVE, anywhere between the aortic valve and the MITRAL VALVE. It is characterized by restricted outflow from the LEFT VENTRICLE into the AORTA.Risk Assessment: The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)Blood Flow Velocity: A value equal to the total volume flow divided by the cross-sectional area of the vascular bed.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Tricuspid Valve Stenosis: The pathologic narrowing of the orifice of the TRICUSPID VALVE. This hinders the emptying of RIGHT ATRIUM leading to elevated right atrial pressure and systemic venous congestion. Tricuspid valve stenosis is almost always due to RHEUMATIC FEVER.Angiodysplasia: Acquired degenerative dilation or expansion (ectasia) of normal BLOOD VESSELS, often associated with aging. They are isolated, tortuous, thin-walled vessels and sources of bleeding. They occur most often in mucosal capillaries of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT leading to GASTROINTESTINAL HEMORRHAGE and ANEMIA.Contrast Media: Substances used to allow enhanced visualization of tissues.Balloon Valvuloplasty: Widening of a stenosed HEART VALVE by the insertion of a balloon CATHETER into the valve and inflation of the balloon.Phonocardiography: Graphic registration of the heart sounds picked up as vibrations and transformed by a piezoelectric crystal microphone into a varying electrical output according to the stresses imposed by the sound waves. The electrical output is amplified by a stethograph amplifier and recorded by a device incorporated into the electrocardiograph or by a multichannel recording machine.Coronary Angiography: Radiography of the vascular system of the heart muscle after injection of a contrast medium.Predictive Value of Tests: In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.Renal Artery Obstruction: Narrowing or occlusion of the RENAL ARTERY or arteries. It is due usually to ATHEROSCLEROSIS; FIBROMUSCULAR DYSPLASIA; THROMBOSIS; EMBOLISM, or external pressure. The reduced renal perfusion can lead to renovascular hypertension (HYPERTENSION, RENOVASCULAR).Ventricular Dysfunction, Left: A condition in which the LEFT VENTRICLE of the heart was functionally impaired. This condition usually leads to HEART FAILURE; MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION; and other cardiovascular complications. Diagnosis is made by measuring the diminished ejection fraction and a depressed level of motility of the left ventricular wall.Heart Murmurs: Heart sounds caused by vibrations resulting from the flow of blood through the heart. Heart murmurs can be examined by HEART AUSCULTATION, and analyzed by their intensity (6 grades), duration, timing (systolic, diastolic, or continuous), location, transmission, and quality (musical, vibratory, blowing, etc).Heart Ventricles: The lower right and left chambers of the heart. The right ventricle pumps venous BLOOD into the LUNGS and the left ventricle pumps oxygenated blood into the systemic arterial circulation.Endocardial Fibroelastosis: A condition characterized by the thickening of ENDOCARDIUM due to proliferation of fibrous and elastic tissue, usually in the left ventricle leading to impaired cardiac function (CARDIOMYOPATHY, RESTRICTIVE). It is most commonly seen in young children and rarely in adults. It is often associated with congenital heart anomalies (HEART DEFECTS CONGENITAL;) INFECTION; or gene mutation. Defects in the tafazzin protein, encoded by TAZ gene, result in a form of autosomal dominant familial endocardial fibroelastosis.Angiography: Radiography of blood vessels after injection of a contrast medium.Angioplasty, Balloon: Use of a balloon catheter for dilation of an occluded artery. It is used in treatment of arterial occlusive diseases, including renal artery stenosis and arterial occlusions in the leg. For the specific technique of BALLOON DILATION in coronary arteries, ANGIOPLASTY, BALLOON, CORONARY is available.Mitral Valve: The valve between the left atrium and left ventricle of the heart.Electrocardiography: Recording of the moment-to-moment electromotive forces of the HEART as projected onto various sites on the body's surface, delineated as a scalar function of time. The recording is monitored by a tracing on slow moving chart paper or by observing it on a cardioscope, which is a CATHODE RAY TUBE DISPLAY.Carotid Artery, Internal: Branch of the common carotid artery which supplies the anterior part of the brain, the eye and its appendages, the forehead and nose.Coronary Circulation: The circulation of blood through the CORONARY VESSELS of the HEART.Systole: Period of contraction of the HEART, especially of the HEART VENTRICLES.Endarterectomy, Carotid: The excision of the thickened, atheromatous tunica intima of a carotid artery.Asymptomatic Diseases: Diseases that do not exhibit symptoms.Arterial Occlusive Diseases: Pathological processes which result in the partial or complete obstruction of ARTERIES. They are characterized by greatly reduced or absence of blood flow through these vessels. They are also known as arterial insufficiency.Ultrasonography, Doppler, Duplex: Ultrasonography applying the Doppler effect combined with real-time imaging. The real-time image is created by rapid movement of the ultrasound beam. A powerful advantage of this technique is the ability to estimate the velocity of flow from the Doppler shift frequency.Laryngostenosis: Developmental or acquired stricture or narrowing of the LARYNX. Symptoms of respiratory difficulty depend on the degree of laryngeal narrowing.Models, Cardiovascular: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of the cardiovascular system, processes, or phenomena; includes the use of mathematical equations, computers and other electronic equipment.Blood Pressure: PRESSURE of the BLOOD on the ARTERIES and other BLOOD VESSELS.Multidetector Computed Tomography: Types of spiral computed tomography technology in which multiple slices of data are acquired simultaneously improving the resolution over single slice acquisition technology.Prosthesis Fitting: The fitting and adjusting of artificial parts of the body. (From Stedman's, 26th ed)Mitral Valve Insufficiency: Backflow of blood from the LEFT VENTRICLE into the LEFT ATRIUM due to imperfect closure of the MITRAL VALVE. This can lead to mitral valve regurgitation.Kinetocardiography: The graphic recording of chest wall movement due to cardiac impulses.Sensitivity and Specificity: Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Heart Auscultation: Act of listening for sounds within the heart.Heart Defects, Congenital: Developmental abnormalities involving structures of the heart. These defects are present at birth but may be discovered later in life.Echocardiography, Stress: A method of recording heart motion and internal structures by combining ultrasonic imaging with exercise testing (EXERCISE TEST) or pharmacologic stress.Cardiomegaly: Enlargement of the HEART, usually indicated by a cardiothoracic ratio above 0.50. Heart enlargement may involve the right, the left, or both HEART VENTRICLES or HEART ATRIA. Cardiomegaly is a nonspecific symptom seen in patients with chronic systolic heart failure (HEART FAILURE) or several forms of CARDIOMYOPATHIES.Coronary Disease: An imbalance between myocardial functional requirements and the capacity of the CORONARY VESSELS to supply sufficient blood flow. It is a form of MYOCARDIAL ISCHEMIA (insufficient blood supply to the heart muscle) caused by a decreased capacity of the coronary vessels.Ventricular Remodeling: The geometric and structural changes that the HEART VENTRICLES undergo, usually following MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION. It comprises expansion of the infarct and dilatation of the healthy ventricle segments. While most prevalent in the left ventricle, it can also occur in the right ventricle.Aortic Coarctation: A birth defect characterized by the narrowing of the AORTA that can be of varying degree and at any point from the transverse arch to the iliac bifurcation. Aortic coarctation causes arterial HYPERTENSION before the point of narrowing and arterial HYPOTENSION beyond the narrowed portion.Echocardiography, Transesophageal: Ultrasonic recording of the size, motion, and composition of the heart and surrounding tissues using a transducer placed in the esophagus.Prognosis: A prediction of the probable outcome of a disease based on a individual's condition and the usual course of the disease as seen in similar situations.Echocardiography, Doppler, Color: Echocardiography applying the Doppler effect, with the superposition of flow information as colors on a gray scale in a real-time image.Angiocardiography: Radiography of the heart and great vessels after injection of a contrast medium.Pyloric Stenosis, Hypertrophic: Narrowing of the pyloric canal due to HYPERTROPHY of the surrounding circular muscle. It is usually seen in infants or young children.Cardiac Output: The volume of BLOOD passing through the HEART per unit of time. It is usually expressed as liters (volume) per minute so as not to be confused with STROKE VOLUME (volume per beat).Fetal Therapies: Prenatal interventions to correct fetal anomalies or treat FETAL DISEASES in utero. Fetal therapies include several major areas, such as open surgery; FETOSCOPY; pharmacological therapy; INTRAUTERINE TRANSFUSION; STEM CELL TRANSPLANTATION; and GENETIC THERAPY.Ventricular Pressure: The pressure within a CARDIAC VENTRICLE. Ventricular pressure waveforms can be measured in the beating heart by catheterization or estimated using imaging techniques (e.g., DOPPLER ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY). The information is useful in evaluating the function of the MYOCARDIUM; CARDIAC VALVES; and PERICARDIUM, particularly with simultaneous measurement of other (e.g., aortic or atrial) pressures.Observer Variation: The failure by the observer to measure or identify a phenomenon accurately, which results in an error. Sources for this may be due to the observer's missing an abnormality, or to faulty technique resulting in incorrect test measurement, or to misinterpretation of the data. Two varieties are inter-observer variation (the amount observers vary from one another when reporting on the same material) and intra-observer variation (the amount one observer varies between observations when reporting more than once on the same material).Arterial Pressure: The blood pressure in the ARTERIES. It is commonly measured with a SPHYGMOMANOMETER on the upper arm which represents the arterial pressure in the BRACHIAL ARTERY.Disease Progression: The worsening of a disease over time. This concept is most often used for chronic and incurable diseases where the stage of the disease is an important determinant of therapy and prognosis.Postoperative Period: The period following a surgical operation.Heart Sounds: The sounds heard over the cardiac region produced by the functioning of the heart. There are four distinct sounds: the first occurs at the beginning of SYSTOLE and is heard as a "lubb" sound; the second is produced by the closing of the AORTIC VALVE and PULMONARY VALVE and is heard as a "dupp" sound; the third is produced by vibrations of the ventricular walls when suddenly distended by the rush of blood from the HEART ATRIA; and the fourth is produced by atrial contraction and ventricular filling.Coronary Vessels: The veins and arteries of the HEART.AzetidinesSyncope: A transient loss of consciousness and postural tone caused by diminished blood flow to the brain (i.e., BRAIN ISCHEMIA). Presyncope refers to the sensation of lightheadedness and loss of strength that precedes a syncopal event or accompanies an incomplete syncope. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp367-9)Coronary Artery Disease: Pathological processes of CORONARY ARTERIES that may derive from a congenital abnormality, atherosclerotic, or non-atherosclerotic cause.Kaplan-Meier Estimate: A nonparametric method of compiling LIFE TABLES or survival tables. It combines calculated probabilities of survival and estimates to allow for observations occurring beyond a measurement threshold, which are assumed to occur randomly. Time intervals are defined as ending each time an event occurs and are therefore unequal. (From Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1995)Patient Selection: Criteria and standards used for the determination of the appropriateness of the inclusion of patients with specific conditions in proposed treatment plans and the criteria used for the inclusion of subjects in various clinical trials and other research protocols.Angiography, Digital Subtraction: A method of delineating blood vessels by subtracting a tissue background image from an image of tissue plus intravascular contrast material that attenuates the X-ray photons. The background image is determined from a digitized image taken a few moments before injection of the contrast material. The resulting angiogram is a high-contrast image of the vessel. This subtraction technique allows extraction of a high-intensity signal from the superimposed background information. The image is thus the result of the differential absorption of X-rays by different tissues.Exercise Test: Controlled physical activity which is performed in order to allow assessment of physiological functions, particularly cardiovascular and pulmonary, but also aerobic capacity. Maximal (most intense) exercise is usually required but submaximal exercise is also used.Reproducibility of Results: The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.Esophageal Stenosis: A stricture of the ESOPHAGUS. Most are acquired but can be congenital.Chi-Square Distribution: A distribution in which a variable is distributed like the sum of the squares of any given independent random variable, each of which has a normal distribution with mean of zero and variance of one. The chi-square test is a statistical test based on comparison of a test statistic to a chi-square distribution. The oldest of these tests are used to detect whether two or more population distributions differ from one another.Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome: A condition caused by underdevelopment of the whole left half of the heart. It is characterized by hypoplasia of the left cardiac chambers (HEART ATRIUM; HEART VENTRICLE), the AORTA, the AORTIC VALVE, and the MITRAL VALVE. Severe symptoms appear in early infancy when DUCTUS ARTERIOSUS closes.Dobutamine: A catecholamine derivative with specificity for BETA-1 ADRENERGIC RECEPTORS. It is commonly used as a cardiotonic agent after CARDIAC SURGERY and during DOBUTAMINE STRESS ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY.Diastole: Post-systolic relaxation of the HEART, especially the HEART VENTRICLES.Doppler Effect: Changes in the observed frequency of waves (as sound, light, or radio waves) due to the relative motion of source and observer. The effect was named for the 19th century Austrian physicist Johann Christian Doppler.Rheumatic Heart Disease: Cardiac manifestation of systemic rheumatological conditions, such as RHEUMATIC FEVER. Rheumatic heart disease can involve any part the heart, most often the HEART VALVES and the ENDOCARDIUM.Therapies, Investigational: Treatments which are undergoing clinical trials or for which there is insufficient evidence to determine their effects on health outcomes; coverage for such treatments is often denied by health insurers.Death, Sudden: The abrupt cessation of all vital bodily functions, manifested by the permanent loss of total cerebral, respiratory, and cardiovascular functions.Recurrence: The return of a sign, symptom, or disease after a remission.Intracranial Arteriosclerosis: Vascular diseases characterized by thickening and hardening of the walls of ARTERIES inside the SKULL. There are three subtypes: (1) atherosclerosis with fatty deposits in the ARTERIAL INTIMA; (2) Monckeberg's sclerosis with calcium deposits in the media and (3) arteriolosclerosis involving the small caliber arteries. Clinical signs include HEADACHE; CONFUSION; transient blindness (AMAUROSIS FUGAX); speech impairment; and HEMIPARESIS.Vascular Patency: The degree to which BLOOD VESSELS are not blocked or obstructed.Graft Occlusion, Vascular: Obstruction of flow in biological or prosthetic vascular grafts.Cardiomyopathy, Hypertrophic: A form of CARDIAC MUSCLE disease, characterized by left and/or right ventricular hypertrophy (HYPERTROPHY, LEFT VENTRICULAR; HYPERTROPHY, RIGHT VENTRICULAR), frequent asymmetrical involvement of the HEART SEPTUM, and normal or reduced left ventricular volume. Risk factors include HYPERTENSION; AORTIC STENOSIS; and gene MUTATION; (FAMILIAL HYPERTROPHIC CARDIOMYOPATHY).Pulse: The rhythmical expansion and contraction of an ARTERY produced by waves of pressure caused by the ejection of BLOOD from the left ventricle of the HEART as it contracts.Ochronosis: The yellowish discoloration of connective tissue due to deposition of HOMOGENTISIC ACID (a brown-black pigment). This is due to defects in the metabolism of PHENYLALANINE and TYROSINE. Ochronosis occurs in ALKAPTONURIA, but has also been associated with exposure to certain chemicals (e.g., PHENOL, trinitrophenol, BENZENE DERIVATIVES).Myocardial Contraction: Contractile activity of the MYOCARDIUM.Myocardium: The muscle tissue of the HEART. It is composed of striated, involuntary muscle cells (MYOCYTES, CARDIAC) connected to form the contractile pump to generate blood flow.Mutation: Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.Coronary Artery Bypass: Surgical therapy of ischemic coronary artery disease achieved by grafting a section of saphenous vein, internal mammary artery, or other substitute between the aorta and the obstructed coronary artery distal to the obstructive lesion.Angina Pectoris: The symptom of paroxysmal pain consequent to MYOCARDIAL ISCHEMIA usually of distinctive character, location and radiation. It is thought to be provoked by a transient stressful situation during which the oxygen requirements of the MYOCARDIUM exceed that supplied by the CORONARY CIRCULATION.Echocardiography, Three-Dimensional: Echocardiography amplified by the addition of depth to the conventional two-dimensional ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY visualizing only the length and width of the heart. Three-dimensional ultrasound imaging was first described in 1961 but its application to echocardiography did not take place until 1974. (Mayo Clin Proc 1993;68:221-40)Linear Models: Statistical models in which the value of a parameter for a given value of a factor is assumed to be equal to a + bx, where a and b are constants. The models predict a linear regression.Feasibility Studies: Studies to determine the advantages or disadvantages, practicability, or capability of accomplishing a projected plan, study, or project.Multivariate Analysis: A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.Alkaptonuria: An inborn error of amino acid metabolism resulting from a defect in the enzyme HOMOGENTISATE 1,2-DIOXYGENASE, an enzyme involved in the breakdown of PHENYLALANINE and TYROSINE. It is characterized by accumulation of HOMOGENTISIC ACID in the urine, OCHRONOSIS in various tissues, and ARTHRITIS.Cardiac Valve Annuloplasty: A type of heart valve surgery that involves the repair, replacement, or reconstruction of the annuli of HEART VALVES. It includes shortening the circumference of the annulus to improve valve closing capacity and reinforcing the annulus as a step in more complex valve repairs.Stroke: A group of pathological conditions characterized by sudden, non-convulsive loss of neurological function due to BRAIN ISCHEMIA or INTRACRANIAL HEMORRHAGES. Stroke is classified by the type of tissue NECROSIS, such as the anatomic location, vasculature involved, etiology, age of the affected individual, and hemorrhagic vs. non-hemorrhagic nature. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp777-810)Pericardium: A conical fibro-serous sac surrounding the HEART and the roots of the great vessels (AORTA; VENAE CAVAE; PULMONARY ARTERY). Pericardium consists of two sacs: the outer fibrous pericardium and the inner serous pericardium. The latter consists of an outer parietal layer facing the fibrous pericardium, and an inner visceral layer (epicardium) resting next to the heart, and a pericardial cavity between these two layers.Iliac Artery: Either of two large arteries originating from the abdominal aorta; they supply blood to the pelvis, abdominal wall and legs.Single-Payer System: An approach to health care financing with only one source of money for paying health care providers. The scope may be national (the Canadian System), state-wide, or community-based. The payer may be a governmental unit or other entity such as an insurance company. The proposed advantages include administrative simplicity for patients and providers, and resulting significant savings in overhead costs. (From Slee and Slee, Health Care Reform Terms, 1993, p106)Vertebrobasilar Insufficiency: Localized or diffuse reduction in blood flow through the vertebrobasilar arterial system, which supplies the BRAIN STEM; CEREBELLUM; OCCIPITAL LOBE; medial TEMPORAL LOBE; and THALAMUS. Characteristic clinical features include SYNCOPE; lightheadedness; visual disturbances; and VERTIGO. BRAIN STEM INFARCTIONS or other BRAIN INFARCTION may be associated.Fractional Flow Reserve, Myocardial: The ratio of maximum blood flow to the MYOCARDIUM with CORONARY STENOSIS present, to the maximum equivalent blood flow without stenosis. The measurement is commonly used to verify borderline stenosis of CORONARY ARTERIES.Simvastatin: A derivative of LOVASTATIN and potent competitive inhibitor of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase (HYDROXYMETHYLGLUTARYL COA REDUCTASES), which is the rate-limiting enzyme in cholesterol biosynthesis. It may also interfere with steroid hormone production. Due to the induction of hepatic LDL RECEPTORS, it increases breakdown of LDL CHOLESTEROL.Preoperative Care: Care given during the period prior to undergoing surgery when psychological and physical preparations are made according to the special needs of the individual patient. This period spans the time between admission to the hospital to the time the surgery begins. (From Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)Cineangiography: Motion pictures of the passage of contrast medium through blood vessels.Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Cine: A type of imaging technique used primarily in the field of cardiology. By coordinating the fast gradient-echo MRI sequence with retrospective ECG-gating, numerous short time frames evenly spaced in the cardiac cycle are produced. These images are laced together in a cinematic display so that wall motion of the ventricles, valve motion, and blood flow patterns in the heart and great vessels can be visualized.Cardiovascular Abnormalities: Congenital, inherited, or acquired anomalies of the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM, including the HEART and BLOOD VESSELS.Carotid Artery Diseases: Pathological conditions involving the CAROTID ARTERIES, including the common, internal, and external carotid arteries. ATHEROSCLEROSIS and TRAUMA are relatively frequent causes of carotid artery pathology.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Cerebral Angiography: Radiography of the vascular system of the brain after injection of a contrast medium.Heart Septal Defects, Ventricular: Developmental abnormalities in any portion of the VENTRICULAR SEPTUM resulting in abnormal communications between the two lower chambers of the heart. Classification of ventricular septal defects is based on location of the communication, such as perimembranous, inlet, outlet (infundibular), central muscular, marginal muscular, or apical muscular defect.Ventricular Outflow Obstruction: Occlusion of the outflow tract in either the LEFT VENTRICLE or the RIGHT VENTRICLE of the heart. This may result from CONGENITAL HEART DEFECTS, predisposing heart diseases, complications of surgery, or HEART NEOPLASMS.Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.Vascular Resistance: The force that opposes the flow of BLOOD through a vascular bed. It is equal to the difference in BLOOD PRESSURE across the vascular bed divided by the CARDIAC OUTPUT.Cardiac Surgical Procedures: Surgery performed on the heart.Carotid Arteries: Either of the two principal arteries on both sides of the neck that supply blood to the head and neck; each divides into two branches, the internal carotid artery and the external carotid artery.Torsion, Mechanical: A twisting deformation of a solid body about an axis. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Ultrasonography: The visualization of deep structures of the body by recording the reflections or echoes of ultrasonic pulses directed into the tissues. Use of ultrasound for imaging or diagnostic purposes employs frequencies ranging from 1.6 to 10 megahertz.Heart Failure: A heterogeneous condition in which the heart is unable to pump out sufficient blood to meet the metabolic need of the body. Heart failure can be caused by structural defects, functional abnormalities (VENTRICULAR DYSFUNCTION), or a sudden overload beyond its capacity. Chronic heart failure is more common than acute heart failure which results from sudden insult to cardiac function, such as MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION.ROC Curve: A graphic means for assessing the ability of a screening test to discriminate between healthy and diseased persons; may also be used in other studies, e.g., distinguishing stimuli responses as to a faint stimuli or nonstimuli.Survival Analysis: A class of statistical procedures for estimating the survival function (function of time, starting with a population 100% well at a given time and providing the percentage of the population still well at later times). The survival analysis is then used for making inferences about the effects of treatments, prognostic factors, exposures, and other covariates on the function.Eunuchism: The state of being a eunuch, a male without TESTES or whose testes failed to develop. It is characterized by the lack of mature male GERM CELLS and TESTICULAR HORMONES.Endomyocardial Fibrosis: A condition characterized by the thickening of the ventricular ENDOCARDIUM and subendocardium (MYOCARDIUM), seen mostly in children and young adults in the TROPICAL CLIMATE. The fibrous tissue extends from the apex toward and often involves the HEART VALVES causing restrictive blood flow into the respective ventricles (CARDIOMYOPATHY, RESTRICTIVE).Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors: Compounds that inhibit HMG-CoA reductases. They have been shown to directly lower cholesterol synthesis.Syndrome: A characteristic symptom complex.Cohort Studies: Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.Aortic Valve Prolapse: The downward displacement of the cuspal or pointed end of the trileaflet AORTIC VALVE causing misalignment of the cusps. Severe valve distortion can cause leakage and allow the backflow of blood from the ASCENDING AORTA back into the LEFT VENTRICLE, leading to aortic regurgitation.Dilatation, Pathologic: The condition of an anatomical structure's being dilated beyond normal dimensions.Survival Rate: The proportion of survivors in a group, e.g., of patients, studied and followed over a period, or the proportion of persons in a specified group alive at the beginning of a time interval who survive to the end of the interval. It is often studied using life table methods.Cardiomyopathies: A group of diseases in which the dominant feature is the involvement of the CARDIAC MUSCLE itself. Cardiomyopathies are classified according to their predominant pathophysiological features (DILATED CARDIOMYOPATHY; HYPERTROPHIC CARDIOMYOPATHY; RESTRICTIVE CARDIOMYOPATHY) or their etiological/pathological factors (CARDIOMYOPATHY, ALCOHOLIC; ENDOCARDIAL FIBROELASTOSIS).Hypertension, Renovascular: Hypertension due to RENAL ARTERY OBSTRUCTION or compression.Femoral Artery: The main artery of the thigh, a continuation of the external iliac artery.Electric Wiring: An arrangement of wires distributing electricity.Ultrasonography, Doppler, Color: Ultrasonography applying the Doppler effect, with the superposition of flow information as colors on a gray scale in a real-time image. This type of ultrasonography is well-suited to identifying the location of high-velocity flow (such as in a stenosis) or of mapping the extent of flow in a certain region.FluorobenzenesIschemic Attack, Transient: Brief reversible episodes of focal, nonconvulsive ischemic dysfunction of the brain having a duration of less than 24 hours, and usually less than one hour, caused by transient thrombotic or embolic blood vessel occlusion or stenosis. Events may be classified by arterial distribution, temporal pattern, or etiology (e.g., embolic vs. thrombotic). (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp814-6)Tricuspid Valve: The valve consisting of three cusps situated between the right atrium and right ventricle of the heart.Arteriovenous Shunt, Surgical: Surgical shunt allowing direct passage of blood from an artery to a vein. (From Dorland, 28th ed)Regional Blood Flow: The flow of BLOOD through or around an organ or region of the body.Renal Artery: A branch of the abdominal aorta which supplies the kidneys, adrenal glands and ureters.Pulsatile Flow: Rhythmic, intermittent propagation of a fluid through a BLOOD VESSEL or piping system, in contrast to constant, smooth propagation, which produces laminar flow.Cerebrovascular Disorders: A spectrum of pathological conditions of impaired blood flow in the brain. They can involve vessels (ARTERIES or VEINS) in the CEREBRUM, the CEREBELLUM, and the BRAIN STEM. Major categories include INTRACRANIAL ARTERIOVENOUS MALFORMATIONS; BRAIN ISCHEMIA; CEREBRAL HEMORRHAGE; and others.Intracranial Arterial Diseases: Pathological conditions involving ARTERIES in the skull, such as arteries supplying the CEREBRUM, the CEREBELLUM, the BRAIN STEM, and associated structures. They include atherosclerotic, congenital, traumatic, infectious, inflammatory, and other pathological processes.Case-Control Studies: Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.Pressure: A type of stress exerted uniformly in all directions. Its measure is the force exerted per unit area. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Endarterectomy: Surgical excision, performed under general anesthesia, of the atheromatous tunica intima of an artery. When reconstruction of an artery is performed as an endovascular procedure through a catheter, it is called ATHERECTOMY.Cardiac Volume: The volume of the HEART, usually relating to the volume of BLOOD contained within it at various periods of the cardiac cycle. The amount of blood ejected from a ventricle at each beat is STROKE VOLUME.Heart Function Tests: Examinations used to diagnose and treat heart conditions.
Miniature Bull Terrier
Aortic valve stenosis and mitral valve dysplasia are heart diseases. Diagnosis is made by colour doppler echocardiography ... Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) and Bull Terrier hereditary nephritis (BTHN) are autosomal dominant diseases. PKD is diagnosed ... PLL is a late onset disease which typically affects dogs between the ages of mid 2 and 7. Younger and older cases are known. ... Dogs with a score of .3 or below are considered clear of the disease. Clearing breeding stock prior to use ensures that progeny ...
Aortic stenosis Hypertension Coarctation of the aorta Pulmonary stenosis Pulmonary hypertension A forceful apex beat indicates ... and pulmonary oligemia in pulmonary stenosis. Pulmonary hypertension is also associated with chronic lung disease. Coarctation ... A narrow pulse pressure is a sign of aortic stenosis. The chest x-ray may show pulmonary hyperaemia in the case of pulmonary ...
While it is generally safe to use in patients with aortic stenosis (narrowing of the aorta where it meets the left ventricle) ... "Amlodipine Disease Interactions". Drugs.com. Archived from the original on 11 August 2017. Retrieved 4 July 2017. Grimard, ... "Aortic Stenosis: Diagnosis and Treatment". American Family Physician. 93 (5): 371-378. ISSN 0002-838X. Archived from the ... Amlodipine is used in the management of hypertension and coronary artery disease in people with either stable angina (where ...
Black Russian Terrier
Heart Disease - the most common heart problems are aortic stenosis, mitral valve dysplasia, cardiomyopathy; Eyes Disease - the ... "Juvenile Laryngeal Paralysis & Polyneuropathy (JLPP) in Black Russian Terriers". Canine Genetic Diseases Network. Retrieved 19 ... however it is prone to certain hereditary diseases: Major concerns: Hip dysplasia Elbow dysplasia Hyperuricosuria Juvenile ... a nutritionally based developmental disease especially in young, heavy, fast-growing puppies; Panosteitis (Pano or Wandering ...
The exact prevalence of the syndrome is unknown, because both aortic stenosis and angiodysplasia are common diseases in the ... see diagnosis of aortic stenosis). While Heyde's syndrome may exist alone with no other symptoms of aortic stenosis, the person ... They noted a known association between aortic stenosis (in addition to other cardiac diseases) and acquired von Willebrand's ... "Aortic stenosis and bleeding gastrointestinal angiodysplasia: is acquired von Willebrand's disease the link?". The Lancet. 340 ...
Dogue de Bordeaux
Aortic stenosis is a disease of the heart valve in which the opening of the aortic valve is narrowed. Symptoms include exercise ... Höllmer, M.; Willesen, J. L.; Jensen, A. T.; Koch, J. (2008). "Aortic stenosis in the Dogue de Bordeaux". Journal of Small ... leading the authors to speculate that the disease is more severe in the Dogue than in other breeds. Another heart problem in ...
Amlodipin bahasa Indonesia, ensiklopedia bebas
"Aortic Stenosis: Diagnosis and Treatment". American Family Physician. 93 (5): 371-378. ISSN 0002-838X. PMID 26926974. ... "Amlodipine Disease Interactions". Drugs.com. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 11 August 2017. Diakses tanggal 4 July 2017.. ... Li, Y. Robert (2015). Cardiovascular Diseases: From Molecular Pharmacology to Evidence-Based Therapeutics. John Wiley & Sons. ... obat masih dapat menyebabkan keruntuhan pada kasus stenosis parah. Pada angina yang tidak stabil (tidak termasuk varian ...
Ventricular outflow tract obstruction
Aortic valve stenosis Supravalvar aortic stenosis Coarctation of the aorta Hypoplastic left heart syndrome Bashore TM (2007). " ... "Adult congenital heart disease: right ventricular outflow tract lesions". Circulation. 115 (14): 1933-1947. doi:10.1161/ ... Pulmonary atresia Pulmonary valve stenosis Hypoplastic right heart syndrome Tetralogy of Fallot A left ventricular outflow ... Journal of Heart Valve Disease. 2 (1): 80-93. PMID 7505702. CS1 maint: Uses authors parameter (link). ...
Pressure-volume loop analysis in cardiology
Aortic valve diseases like aortic stenosis and insufficiency also increase the afterload, whereas mitral valve regurgitation ... Aortic valve stenosis is abnormal narrowing of the aortic valve. This results in much greater LV pressures than the aortic ... Severe aortic stenosis results in reduced ventricular stroke volume due to increased afterload (which decreases ejection ... Aortic insufficiency (AI) is a condition in which the aortic valve fails to close completely at the end of systolic ejection, ...
Left ventricular hypertrophy
... and some primary diseases of the muscle of the heart. Causes of increased afterload that can cause LVH include aortic stenosis ... While LVH itself is not a disease, it is usually a marker for disease involving the heart. Disease processes that can cause LVH ... aortic insufficiency and hypertension. Primary disease of the muscle of the heart that cause LVH are known as hypertrophic ... it is most frequently referred to as a pathological reaction to cardiovascular disease, or high blood pressure. It is one ...
... can occur due to coronary heart disease, aortic stenosis, cardiomyopathy, electrolyte problems, or a ... Ventricular tachycardia can occur due to coronary heart disease, aortic stenosis, cardiomyopathy, electrolyte problems (e.g., ... even in patients with advanced heart disease. Baldzizhar, A; Manuylova, E; Marchenko, R; Kryvalap, Y; Carey, MG (September 2016 ...
These comorbidity conditions include, aortic aneurysm, aortic stenosis, diabetes, obesity, renal insufficiency, unstable angina ... However, in cases where multiple vessels are blocked (so called "three vessel disease"), the interventional cardiologist may ... Cardiac catheterization can be used to diagnose or assess severity of valvular stenosis by measuring elevated pressure ... uncontrolled hypertension, and extensive three-vessel coronary artery disease. There are two major categories of cardiac ...
GSIS-Meralco bribery case
... s may not be safe in cases of unstable angina pectoris, a recent heart attack, and severe aortic stenosis.[citation needed ... Due to the spread of syphilis and subsequent scare of the disease in the 1500s, the sauna culture died out on most of the ... One study found sauna bathing may reduce the risk of Alzheimer's disease and other types of dementia. Many of the sauna ... Children and older persons who have heart disease or seizure disorders or those who use alcohol or cocaine are especially ...
... is associated with the connective-tissue abnormalities and cardiovascular disease (specifically supravalvular aortic stenosis ... Problems with teeth, heart problems, especially supravalvular aortic stenosis, and periods of high blood calcium are common. ... particularly aortic or pulmonary stenosis, as well as feeding disturbance in infants. Developmental delays are often taken as ... commonly heart murmurs and the narrowing of major blood vessels as well as supravalvular aortic stenosis. Other symptoms may ...
Life Line Screening
Common diseases that may be detected by such screenings include Carotid artery stenosis, osteoporosis, abdominal aortic ... Results from the study revealed that chronic cardiovascular diseases, including abdominal aortic aneurysm, narrowing of a main ... Results showed the prevalence of peripheral artery disease (PAD) increased from 1 in 50 in the 40-to-50-year-old age group, to ... "Valuable cardiovascular disease database created by Life Line Screening", Cleveland Plain Dealer, June 28, 2013 "Screening ...
Tissue Doppler echocardiography
This is common and is often seen in Hypertensive heart disease, Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and Aortic stenosis, and may ... which is often seen in Hypertensive heart disease, Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and Aortic stenosis. Likewise, peak ticuspid ... comprising 1266 subjects free of heart disease, hypertension and diabetes. This study also shows that both S' and e' values ...
... aortic regurgitation, systemic hypertension, renal artery stenosis, cerebrovascular disease, and visual disturbance. B*3906, ... Chaga's disease is caused by a trypanosome carried by a blood sucking insect found in tropical, palm growing regions. Southern ... B39 appears to be protective against cardiomyopathy in Chaga's disease indicating a possible selective factor in its rise in ... Gladman DD, Farewell VT (June 1995). "The role of HLA antigens as indicators of disease progression in psoriatic arthritis. ...
... aortic regurgitation, systemic hypertension, renal artery stenosis, cerebrovascular disease, and visual disturbance. Marsh SG, ... This form of disease is frequently found with Takayasu's arteritis. Takayasu's arteritis appears to have an independent link to ... December 1994), "Takayasu's disease associated with ulcerative colitis", Intern. Med., 33 (12): 759-763, doi:10.2169/ ... September 2004). "Mapping of a disease susceptibility locus in chromosome 6p in Japanese patients with ulcerative colitis". ...
... around the time of the first aortic stenosis, and was designed around that case. Part of diagnosing aortic stenosis is ... Agabegi, Elizabeth D; Agabegi, Steven S. (2008). "Diseases of the Cardiovascular system Section: Valvular Heart Disease". Step- ... Since then, Harvey has been advanced to the point where it can simulate multiple diseases. Harvey's inner functions went though ... Originally, three Harvey simulators were created, each representing a different disease. ...
Coarctation of the aorta
Aortic coarctation and aortic stenosis are both forms of aortic narrowing. In terms of word root meanings, the names are not ... Between 20% and 85% of patients are affected with this disease. Bicuspid aortic valve disease is a big contributor to cardiac ... whereas aortic stenosis occurs in the aortic root, at or near the aortic valve. This naturally could present the question of ... Some children born with coarctation of the aorta have other heart defects too, such as aortic stenosis, ventricular septal ...
This condition is often undiagnosed until later in life when the person develops symptomatic aortic stenosis. Aortic stenosis ... The aortic valve can be affected by a range of diseases and require aortic valve replacement. The valve can become either leaky ... Aortic valve repair. Main article: Aortic valve repair. Aortic valve repair or aortic valve reconstruction describes the ... Narrowing of the aortic valve is called aortic stenosis, limiting the blood that can leave the valve and increasing the force ...
Hypoplastic right heart syndrome
Sharma J, Friedman D, Schiller M, Flynn P, Alonso ML (December 1997). "Aortic stenosis in hypoplastic right heart syndrome, ... Any disturbances of such processes may lead to various congenital heart diseases and defects that could be initiated by various ... The most common heart malformations from genetic or epigenetic problems are: stenosis of the aorta and pulmonary trunk, which ... It can be associated with aortic stenosis. CHD-UK, Hypoplastic Right heart Syndrome (HRHS), http://www.chd-uk.co.uk/types-of- ...
In patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy due to aortic stenosis, SCARB2 mRNA is significantly upregulated, suggesting that ... Mutations in SCARB2 have also been shown to cause Gaucher disease and myoclonic epilepsy, as LIMP-2 is critical for the proper ... SCARB2 is a receptor for two viruses that cause hand, foot, and mouth disease in children, Enterovirus 71 and Coxsackievirus ... Mutations in LIMP-2 have been shown to cause Gaucher disease, myoclonic epilepsy, and action myoclonus renal failure syndrome. ...
List of circulatory system conditions
Valvular heart disease Aortic insufficiency Mitral stenosis Tricuspid valve stenosis Pulmonary valve stenosis Mitral ... Angina Acute coronary syndrome Anomic aphasia Aortic dissection Aortic regurgitation Aortic stenosis Apoplexy Apraxia ... Tricuspid atresia Interrupted aortic arch Coarctation of aorta Pulmonary atresia (PA) Pulmonary stenosis (critical) Atrial ... Congenital heart defects Aortic coarctation (Aortic coarctation) Acyanotic heart defect Atrial septal defect Cor triatriatum ...
Protein signalling in heart development
Chest pain in children
Cocaine/marijuana toxicity and induced vasospasm Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy Valvular stenosis Mitral valve prolapse Aortic ... Coronary artery disease Kawasaki disease Premature arterial sclerosis Structural associations Arterial vasospasm ... Patients who receive a diagnosis of cardiac disease are more apt to have acute pain. This pain often awakes them from sleep or ... These are: past or current history of congentital or acquired heart disease fainting when the child exerts herself or himself ...
In terms of the treatment of Buschke-Ollendorff syndrome, should the complication of aortic stenosis occur then surgery may be ... Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD) - an NCATS Program". rarediseases.info.nih.gov. Retrieved 29 December 2017 ... The signs and symptoms of this condition are consistent with the following (possible complications include aortic stenosis and ...
Supravalvular Aortic Stenosis | St. Louis Children's Hospital
Elastin defects are associated with connective tissue abnormalities, such joint problems, hernias, and cardiovascular disease. ... Supravalvular aortic stenosis (SVAS) is an uncommon vascular defect causing blood flow obstruction that usually develops in the ... For additional resources about supravalvular aortic stenosis, contact our Family Resource Center. ... This defect is a narrowing (stenosis) of the large blood vessel that carries blood from the heart to the rest of the body (the ...
Preoperative Assessment of Aortic Valve Stenosis and Coronary Artery Disease - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov
Coronary Disease. Constriction, Pathologic. Aortic Valve Stenosis. Heart Diseases. Cardiovascular Diseases. Arteriosclerosis. ... Preoperative Assessment of Aortic Valve Stenosis and Coronary Artery Disease. The safety and scientific validity of this study ... Preoperative Assessment of Aortic Valve Stenosis and Coronary Artery Disease: Dual-source Computed Tomography Compared With ... The severity of the aortic valve stenosis is being assessed by DSCT and TTE. Significant coronary artery stenosis and its ...
Heart Disease: Subvalvular Aortic Stenosis (SAS)
You are here: Home / About the Breed / Health & Research / Heart Disease: Subvalvular Aortic Stenosis (SAS) ... Heart Disease: Subvalvular Aortic Stenosis (SAS) *New OFA-ACVIM Advanced Cardiac Database (ACA) ... Subvalvular aortic stenosis (SAS), the most common congenital heart disease in Golden Retrievers, Newfoundlands and Rottweilers ... Part of the problem is that severely affected dogs may not show signs of disease. Additionally, owners may not know or ...
Preoperative Assessment of Aortic Valve Stenosis and Coronary Artery Disease - No Study Results Posted - ClinicalTrials.gov
Aortic Stenosis | Pathophysiology of Disease Cases | AccessMedicine | McGraw-Hill Medical
Frailty and Cognitive Function Assessment of TAVI Patients | Clinical Research Trial Listing ( Aortic Stenosis | VALVULAR...
VALVULAR HEART DISEASE , Quality of life , Frailty and Cognitive Function Assessment of TAVI Patients ... Aortic stenosis (AS) is the most common valve disease among the adult population, in the majority of the cases it only requires ... Aortic stenosis (AS) is the most common valve disease among the adult population, in the majority of the cases it only requires ... symptomatic aortic stenosis (1). Between 2012 and 2014 TAVI has been used extensively, accumulating over 100,000 procedures ...
Symptoms, disease severity and treatment of adults with a new diagnosis of severe aortic stenosis | Heart
Aortic stenosis (AS) is a progressive disease that is increasing in prevalence as the global population ages.1 The rate at ... Symptoms, disease severity and treatment of adults with a new diagnosis of severe aortic stenosis ... Transcatheter aortic-valve implantation for aortic stenosis in patients who cannot undergo surgery. N Engl J Med 2010;363:1597- ... Symptoms, disease severity and treatment of adults with a new diagnosis of severe aortic stenosis ...
Aortic Stenosis | Congenital Heart Disease - Cove Point Foundation | Johns Hopkins Children's Hospital
Cove Point also includes adult congenital heart disease information on exercise and pregnancy concerns as well as pediatric ... Heart Resource Center is the worlds largest resource for information on pediatric and adult congenital heart disease. Cove ... information on general nutritional and health issues for patients with congenital heart disease. ... Aortic Valve Stenosis - Supravalvar. In this form of aortic stenosis, an hour glass-like narrowing or, less frequently, a more ...
Subvalvular aortic stenosis | Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD) - an NCATS Program
... resources and questions answered by our Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Specialists for Subvalvular aortic stenosis ... Diseases expand submenu for Diseases * Browse A-Z * Find Diseases By Category expand submenu for Find Diseases By Category * ... Find Diseases By Category expand submenu for Find Diseases By Category *Autoimmune / Autoinflammatory diseases ... PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Subvalvular aortic stenosis. ...
Biomarkers of calcification and atherosclerosis in patients with degenerative aortic stenosis in relation to concomitant...
Discussion on aortic valve degenerative processes is still lasting. Markers of calcification and atherosclerosis may allow the ... and atherosclerosis in patients with degenerative aortic stenosis in relation to concomitant coronary artery disease. ... in relation to the aortic valve calcium score (AVCS) and concomitant coronary artery disease (CAD). PATIENTS AND METHODS: ... to assess the biochemical markers of the calcification and atherosclerotis in patients with degenerative aortic stenosis (AS) ...
Aortic Stenosis: New Thoughts on a Cardiac Disease of Older People | The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
Aortic stenosis (AS) is the most common cardiac valve disease in the United States.1 Over the past decade, the number of aortic ... Clinical outcome in asymptomatic severe aortic stenosis: insights from the new proposed aortic stenosis grading classification ... Calcific aortic stenosis: a disease of the valve and the myocardium. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2012;60(19):1854-1863. doi:10.1016/j. ... Aortic Stenosis: New Thoughts on a Cardiac Disease of Older People You will receive an email whenever this article is corrected ...
Aortic Valve Stenosis and Left Main Coronary Disease: Hybrid Approach - Minimally-Invasive Cardiac Surgical Procedures -...
Aortic Valve Stenosis and Left Main Coronary Disease: Hybrid Approach. Al-Amodi HA, Alhabib HF, St-Amand M, Iglesias I, Teefy P ... Aortic Valve Stenosis and Left Main Coronary Disease: A Hybrid Approach with @westernuSurgery https://t.co/i1lUg9AYpe #MINIcs # ... This patient had documented moderate to severe aortic stenosis, left ventricular dysfunction, and a heavily calcified ascending ... We describe a technique of combined transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR), off-pump single coronary artery bypass, and ...
Cardiovascular risk factors in patients with aortic stenosis predict prevalence of coronary artery disease but not of aortic...
Cardiovascular risk factors in patients with aortic stenosis predict prevalence of coronary artery disease but not of aortic ... Cardiovascular risk factors in patients with aortic stenosis predict prevalence of coronary artery disease but not of aortic ... Cardiovascular risk factors in patients with aortic stenosis predict prevalence of coronary artery disease but not of aortic ...
The Silver Book: Valve Disease with a Focus on Aortic Stenosis Factsheet
Aortic stenosis can be debilitating, costly, and deadly. Survival rates without treatment for severe symptomatic… ... Aortic stenosis is one of the most common and serious types of heart valve disease. ... Aortic Stenosis Aortic stenosis is one of the most common and serious types of heart valve disease. Aortic stenosis can be ... Aortic stenosis is one of the most common and serious types of heart valve disease. Aortic stenosis can be debilitating, costly ...
Aortic Valve Stenosis: Treatment When You Have Another Heart Disease
Aortic regurgitation: An aortic valve that also leaks. How are aortic stenosis and aortic regurgitation treated together?. If ... Coronary artery disease. If you have aortic valve stenosis along with coronary artery disease, these heart problems work ... Aortic Valve Stenosis: Treatment When You Have Another Heart Disease. Skip to the navigation ... you have aortic regurgitation in addition to aortic stenosis, replacing your aortic valve will fix both problems. Deciding when ...
Impact of coronary artery disease on outcomes of severe aortic stenosis treatment with transcatheter aortic valve implantation ...
... in patients who underwent transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) may increase in-hospital and long-term mortality. Aim ... Introduction The presence of coronary artery disease (CAD) ... coronary artery disease on outcomes of severe aortic stenosis ... Impact of coronary artery disease on outcomes of severe aortic stenosis treatment with transcatheter aortic valve implantation ... 2019). Impact of coronary artery disease on outcomes of severe aortic stenosis treatment with transcatheter aortic valve ...
Contemporary results of balloon valvuloplasty and surgical valvotomy for congenital aortic stenosis. | Archives of Disease in...
The purpose of this study was to compare contemporary results of balloon dilatation and surgery for valvar aortic stenosis in ... Hospital stay was significantly shorter in group 1. It is concluded that balloon dilatation for valvar aortic stenosis is ... Contemporary results of balloon valvuloplasty and surgical valvotomy for congenital aortic stenosis. ... Contemporary results of balloon valvuloplasty and surgical valvotomy for congenital aortic stenosis. ...
Table 2 | Coronary Hemodynamics in Patients With Severe Aortic Stenosis and Coronary Artery Disease Undergoing Transcatheter...
Prevalence of peripheral arterial disease and prior stroke in octogenarians with symptomatic severe aortic stenosis or severe...
Severe aortic stenosis (SAS) and severe coronary artery disease (SCAD) are the most frequent reasons to perform cardiac surgery ... Prevalence of peripheral arterial disease and prior stroke in octogenarians with symptomatic severe aortic stenosis or severe ... Non-coronary vascular disease is frequently present in these patients.. Methods. We assessed the prevalence and impact of ... coronary artery disease: influence in management and outcome. Martinez-Selles M. 1, Barrio J. M. 2*, Hortal J. 2*, Ruiz M. 3, ...
Aortic Valve Disease | Frankel Cardiovascular Center | Michigan Medicine
... including BAV disease. Weve established a BAV registry to identify BAV diseases long-term effects. ... Visit our Bicuspid Aortic Valve page to learn more.. Aortic Stenosis. Aortic Stenosis is is a thickening of the valve leaflets ... The two main types of aortic valve disease are aortic stenosis and aortic insufficiency/regurgitation. ... Visit our Aortic Stenosis page to learn more.. Aortic Insufficiency or Regurgitation. With aortic insufficiency or ...
NHLBI Working Group Recommendations to Reduce Lipoprotein(a)-Mediated Risk of Cardiovascular Disease and Aortic Stenosis | JACC...
NHLBI Working Group Recommendations to Reduce Lipoprotein(a)-Mediated Risk of Cardiovascular Disease and Aortic Stenosis ... NHLBI Working Group Recommendations to Reduce Lipoprotein(a)-Mediated Risk of Cardiovascular Disease and Aortic Stenosis ... NHLBI Working Group Recommendations to Reduce Lipoprotein(a)-Mediated Risk of Cardiovascular Disease and Aortic Stenosis ... is a causal mediator of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and calcific aortic valve disease (CAVD). Specific therapies to address Lp ...
Heart valve disease (aortic valve disease): aortic stenosis - Oxford Medicine
It allows morphological assessment of the aortic valve and provides information on the aetiology of the disease. The ... valve lesions and estimates of pulmonary artery pressure are required for the comprehensive evaluation of the disease. In the ... Echocardiography has become the gold standard for the assessment of patients with aortic stenosis (AS). ... p. 234) Heart valve disease (aortic valve disease): aortic stenosis (p. 234) Heart valve disease (aortic valve disease): aortic ...
Aortic Stenosis - Valvular Heart Disease | Lecturio
Valvular Heart Disease & boost your knowledge! Study for your classes, USMLE, MCAT or MBBS. Learn online with high-yield video ... Aortic Stenosis (Aortic Valve Stenosis) - Diagnosis and Treatment Acquired valvular heart diseases may manifest as ... The lecture Aortic Stenosis - Valvular Heart Disease by Joseph Alpert, MD is from the course Introduction to Cardiac Diseases. ... What is the most probable reason for women being affected more by aortic stenosis as compared to men? ...
Supravalvular aortic stenosis: MedlinePlus Genetics
Supravalvular aortic stenosis (SVAS) is a heart defect that develops before birth. Explore symptoms, inheritance, genetics of ... Tassabehji M, Urban Z. Congenital heart disease: Molecular diagnostics of supravalvular aortic stenosis. Methods Mol Med. 2006; ... medlineplus.gov/genetics/condition/supravalvular-aortic-stenosis/ Supravalvular aortic stenosis. ... Supravalvular aortic stenosis (SVAS) is a heart defect that develops before birth. This defect is a narrowing (stenosis) of the ...
Rheumatic Heart Disease: Symptoms
Aortic stenosis. This is much less common in RHD and is almost always found in association with mitral valve disease. It ... Mitral stenosis. Most cases of mitral stenosis are due to RHD, and it refers to the abnormal tightening of the mitral valve. It ... These are symptoms of very late disease and require intensive management.. Complications of mitral stenosis include the ... Aortic regurgitation. The aortic valve is usually affected along with the mitral valve, and it becomes less mobile because it ...
Aortic Stenosis | GreenMedInfo | Disease | Natural Medicine
Diseases : Aortic Plaques, Aortic Stenosis, Atherosclerosis, Endothelial Dysfunction, High Cholesterol, Intima Media Thickening ... Diseases : Aortic Stenosis, Arteriosclerosis. Pharmacological Actions : Antiproliferative , Apoptotic, Tumor Necrosis Factor ( ... Diseases : Aortic Stenosis, Arterial Plaque, Hypercholesterolemia. Pharmacological Actions : Cardioprotective, Nitric Oxide ... Diseases : Aortic Stenosis, Diabetes: Cardiovascular Illness, Endothelial Dysfunction, Hyperglycemia. Pharmacological Actions ...
Aortic stenosis | Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research
Aortic stenosis. Aldag M, Ciloglu U, Albeyoglu S, Kutlu H, Kocaaslan C. An Alternative Aortotomy Technique for Aortic Valve ... Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research -an official publication of SCIBIOLMED.ORG. The journals and its contents owned by ... Homocysteine-Is there any role in Coronary Heart Disease. *Comparative Analysis of Clinical Profile of Patients Admitted with ... Risk factors for Complex and Severe Coronary Artery Disease in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus ...
Conditions & Diseases * Interventional Cardiology * Coronary artery stenosis * Aortic stenosis * Cardiac arrhythmias * Atrial ... This is called aortic stenosis.. Aortic stenosis is usually due to calcium building up on the valve leaflets causing them to ... What happens if aortic stenosis is left untreated? Left untreated, aortic valve stenosis can lead to serious medical problems: ... Aortic stenosis. What is aortic stenosis?. A healthy, normal heart valve allows blood to flow in one direction without ...
National Heart Valve Disease Awareness Day - Explained in 60 Seconds - Alliance for Aging Research
Aortic Stenosis Aortic stenosis is a type of heart disease where the main outlet for blood to… ... Heart Valve Disease Awareness Day Heart valve disease (HVD) involves damage to one or more of the hearts valves and,… ... Every February 22nd is National Heart Valve Disease Awareness Day. This 60-second video explains why heart valve disease is a ... threat to the health of millions and why raising awareness about the disease is so important. Visit www.ValveDiseaseDay.org for ...
Drug Therapy for Heart Valve Diseases | Circulation
Aortic Stenosis. Aortic stenosis (AS) is the most common VHD in adults, increasing in prevalence with age.2 AS presents a ... In the Effect of Lipid Lowering With Rosuvastatin on Progression of Aortic Stenosis: Results of the Aortic Stenosis Progression ... Effect of Lipid lowering with rosuvastatin on progression of aortic stenosis: results of the aortic stenosis progression ... Bisphosphonates in calcific aortic stenosis: association with slower progression in mild disease-a pilot retrospective study. ...
Heart study shows benefit for aortic stenosis patients - Healthcanal.com : Healthcanal.com
05/18/2020 Heart disease Cell Therapy Treatment for Cardiac Patients with Microvascular Dysfunction Provides Enhanced Quality ... patients with severe aortic stenosis who were too ill to have their aortic valves replaced through traditional open heart ... The goal of aortic valve replacement for these high-risk patients is not only to improve their survival but also to enhance ... To learn more about aortic valve replacement at the University of Michigan go to our website at www.umcvc.org. ...
BicuspidAortaNarrowed aortic valveSupravalvularSymptomsPulmonaryVALVULAR STENOSISSurgicalTranscatheter aortic valve implantationMitral valveDissectionNormal aortic valveAsymptomaticComplicationsDegenerativeValvarLeafletsCardiovascularReplace the aortic valveValve areaLeft ventricularCongenital aorticMinimally invasiveRheumaticCalcific aorticOccurs when the aortic valveHeart'sSubvalvularOutcomesTricuspid aorticPatient with aortic stenosisHeartDiagnosis of aortic stenosis
- The other end of the spectrum is mild stenosis or commonly just a bicuspid aortic valve. (pted.org)
- Similarly, a bicuspid valve which may remain non-stenotic for decades, only to calcify and develop severe stenosis in the 6th to 7th decade of life. (pted.org)
- Some patients with a bicuspid aortic valve may also develop dilation (enlargement) of the aorta. (pted.org)
- The second presentation of AS occurs because of a bicuspid aortic valve and typically presents in the fifth or sixth decade of life. (jaoa.org)
- With the bicuspid aortic valve, the eccentric leaflet configuration leads to increased mechanical stress and clinical presentation occurs 2 decades earlier than that of degenerative trileaflet AS. (jaoa.org)
- The bicuspid aortic valve is also associated with an aortopathy, in which ascending aortic root dilatation or aneurysm occurs, further complicating this clinical condition. (jaoa.org)
- A normal aortic valve has three leaflets, but some people are born with two leaflets, which is known as a bicuspid aortic valve . (umcvc.org)
- Visit our Bicuspid Aortic Valve page to learn more. (umcvc.org)
- When the condition is congenital, it is typically due to abnormal development of the aortic valve - either it forms abnormally narrow, or it is made up of one flap or leaflet (called a unicuspid valve, which is very rare) or two leaflets (bicuspid valve) instead of the usual three. (cdc.gov)
- Children born with bicuspid aortic valve or congenitally deformed valve which may go unnoticed during development, may not cause problems until adulthood at which point the aortic valve may get tight and/or leaky. (upmc.com)
- Differences in ascending aorta ( AA o) hemodynamics have been reported between bicuspid aortic valve ( BAV ) and tricuspid aortic valve patients with aortic dilatation, but the confounding impact of aortic valve stenosis ( AS ) is unknown. (ahajournals.org)
- This cross‐sectional study is the largest 4‐dimensional flow magnetic resonance imaging study to investigate the bicuspid aortic valve and distinct patterns of expression for blood wall shear stress on the ascending aorta wall, as stratified by aortic valve phenotype and stenosis severity. (ahajournals.org)
- however, bicuspid patients with significant stenosis exhibit very similar patterns to tricuspid aortic valve patients with stenosis. (ahajournals.org)
- The data provide an explanation for growing evidence that aortopathy in patients with a bicuspid aortic valve and valvular stenosis is not unique and very similar to the degree of aortopathy in those with tricuspid aortic valve and valvular stenosis. (ahajournals.org)
- Though it was thought earlier that rheumatic fever was the commonest cause of aortic valvular stenosis, current evidences is that stenosis developing in congenital bicuspid aortic valve is the most common cause. (hubpages.com)
- The commonest causes below the age of 30 years are congenital unicuspid or bicuspid aortic valves. (hubpages.com)
- Between 30-70 years, bicuspid aortic valves, rheumatic valvulitis and unicuspid valves account for the majority of cases. (hubpages.com)
- Congenital bicuspid aortic valve occurs in about 2% of the general population. (hubpages.com)
- However, calcification occurs much later than in the case of congenital bicuspid aortic valve. (hubpages.com)
- The true incidence of valvular aortic stenosis is unknown, since most cases are associated with bicuspid aortic valve (BAV). (renalandurologynews.com)
- Still from 2D image from an echocardiogram in a newborn with bicuspid aortic valve and moderate aortic valve stenosis. (renalandurologynews.com)
- Still image from echocardiogram in infant with aortic valve stenosis, showing the bicuspid valve 'en face' (R = right coronary cusp, L = left coronary cusp, N = noncoronary cusp). (renalandurologynews.com)
- Some people are born with an aortic valve that has two cusps (bicuspid aortic valve) instead of three. (mayoclinic.org)
- Some people are born with a bicuspid aortic valve, in which the aortic valve - located between the lower left heart chamber (left ventricle) and the main artery that leads to the body (aorta) - has only two (bicuspid) cusps instead of three. (mayoclinic.org)
- A bicuspid aortic valve may cause the heart's aortic valve to narrow (aortic valve stenosis). (mayoclinic.org)
- Most people with a bicuspid aortic valve aren't affected by valve problems until they're adults, and some may not be affected until they're older adults. (mayoclinic.org)
- Some children with bicuspid aortic valves may have valve problems. (mayoclinic.org)
- Some people with a bicuspid aortic valve may have an enlarged aorta - the main blood vessel leading from the heart. (mayoclinic.org)
- Your doctor may listen to your heart with a stethoscope to determine if you have a heart murmur that may indicate a bicuspid aortic valve. (mayoclinic.org)
- A bicuspid aortic valve may also be diagnosed during testing for another condition. (mayoclinic.org)
- Doctors usually will conduct an echocardiogram to diagnose a bicuspid aortic valve. (mayoclinic.org)
- Children and adults with a bicuspid aortic valve will require regular monitoring for any changes in their condition, such as valve problems or an enlarged aorta, by doctors trained in congenital heart disease (congenital cardiologists). (mayoclinic.org)
- Question Are there differences in mortality and stroke between patients who undergo transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) for bicuspid compared with tricuspid aortic stenosis? (ama-assn.org)
- because of the potential for selection bias, randomized trials would be needed to adequately assess the efficacy and safety of TAVR for bicuspid aortic stenosis. (ama-assn.org)
- Importance Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) indications are expanding, leading to an increasing number of patients with bicuspid aortic stenosis undergoing TAVR. (ama-assn.org)
- Objective To compare the outcomes of TAVR with a balloon-expandable valve for bicuspid vs tricuspid aortic stenosis. (ama-assn.org)
- Exposures TAVR for bicuspid vs tricuspid aortic stenosis. (ama-assn.org)
- In Discrete Subvalvar Aortic Stenosis (DSVAS), a fibrous ridge obstructs the outflow tract from the left ventricle into the aorta. (pted.org)
- In this form of aortic stenosis, an hour glass-like narrowing or, less frequently, a more irregular narrowing, exist in the aorta above the aortic valve. (pted.org)
- Surgical repair involves removing the obstructing portion and the remaining parts of the aorta are sutured together (see animation at right) or as an alternative for long stenosis, the aorta is patch enlarged. (pted.org)
- This patient had documented moderate to severe aortic stenosis, left ventricular dysfunction, and a heavily calcified ascending aorta. (uwo.ca)
- This defect is a narrowing (stenosis) of the large blood vessel that carries blood from the heart to the rest of the body (the aorta). (medlineplus.gov)
- The condition is described as supravalvular because the section of the aorta that is narrowed is located just above the valve that connects the aorta with the heart (the aortic valve). (medlineplus.gov)
- Aortic narrowing causes the heart to work harder to pump blood through the aorta, resulting in the signs and symptoms of SVAS. (medlineplus.gov)
- The most common valve problem is the narrowing of the aortic valve that lies between the left ventricle and the aorta. (intracare.co.nz)
- In the CoreValve study, 471 patients received the replacement valve, which was delivered through the femoral artery in the leg, threaded through arteries and across the aorta, and deployed in the native aortic valve. (healthcanal.com)
- Your aortic valve transfers blood from the left ventricle of your heart to your aorta, the largest artery you have. (webmd.com)
- The job of the aortic valve is to pump that oxygen-rich blood into the aorta, the largest blood vessel in your body. (webmd.com)
- It may originate in coarctation or pseudocoarctation of the aorta, midaortic dysplastic syndrome, atherosclerosis, Takayasu arteritis, aortic dissection, or various intraaortic and periaortic diseases or as a result of aortic surgical repair. (vrad.com)
- In aortic valve stenosis, the aortic valve between the lower left heart chamber (left ventricle) and the main artery that delivers blood from the heart to the body (aorta) is narrowed (stenosis). (chistvincent.com)
- Familial predisposition to thoracic aortic aneurysms and type A dissections (concerning the ascending aorta and/or the aortic arch) has been demonstrated in around 19% of patients presenting with thoracic aortic dissections and several loci have been identified so far (16p12.2-p13.13, 3p24-25). (mendelian.co)
- It is characterized by a narrowing (stenosis) of the section of the aorta just above the valve that connects the aorta to the heart (aortic valve). (cdc.gov)
- Aortic stenosis means your aortic valve does not open widely enough to allow adequate blood flow from your heart to your aorta. (upmc.com)
- Your aortic valve is located where your heart's lower left chamber - the left ventricle - meets your body's largest artery, the aorta. (upmc.com)
- In aortic stenosis, because the valve does not open widely enough, not enough blood flows from the heart into the aorta. (upmc.com)
- The aortic valve opens as the pressure inside the ventricles exceeds that of the aorta . (wikidoc.org)
- The objective of this study is to determine whether the GORE TAG Thoracic Branch Endoprosthesis is safe and effective in treating lesions of the aortic arch and descending thoracic aorta. (stanford.edu)
- Methods and Results Five hundred seventy‐one subjects underwent 4‐dimensional flow magnetic resonance imaging in the thoracic aorta (210 right‐left BAV cusp fusions, 60 right‐noncoronary BAV cusp fusions, 245 tricuspid aortic valve patients with aortic dilatation, and 56 healthy controls). (ahajournals.org)
- Aortic stenosis with a congenitally abnormal aortic valve is also associated with annular and ascending aorta dilatation and probably risk of acute aortic dissection. (renalandurologynews.com)
- It may lead to a narrowed or obstructed aortic valve opening (aortic valve stenosis), making it difficult for the heart to pump blood into the aorta. (mayoclinic.org)
- Doctors may use this test to evaluate the aortic valve, the aorta, the heart chambers and the blood flow through your heart. (mayoclinic.org)
- The pulmonary valve controls the flow of blood from the heart to the lungs, and the aortic valve governs blood flow between the heart and the aorta, and thereby the blood vessels to the rest of the body. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
- Supravalvular aortic stenosis is a congenital obstructive narrowing of the aorta just above the aortic valve. (wikipedia.org)
Narrowed aortic valve2
- For infants, the most common treatment of valvar aortic stenosis is a balloon valvuloplasty, in which the narrowed aortic valve is relieved by the inflation of a balloon. (pted.org)
- The average patient with aortic valve disease has a narrowed aortic valve, which puts them at tremendous risk. (thestar.com)
- Supravalvular aortic stenosis (SVAS) is a heart defect that develops before birth. (medlineplus.gov)
- A pathological constriction that can occur above (supravalvular stenosis), below (subvalvular stenosis), or at the AORTIC VALVE. (curehunter.com)
- Valvular and supravalvular stenosis respectively. (hubpages.com)
- Supravalvular aortic stenosis is associated with genetic damage at the Elastin gene locus on chromosome 7q11.23. (wikipedia.org)
- Fluorescent in situ hybridisation techniques have revealed that 96% of patients with Williams syndrome, where supravalvular aortic stenosis is characteristic, have a hemizygous deletion of the Elastin gene. (wikipedia.org)
- Further studies have shown that patients with less extensive deletions featuring the Elastin gene also tend to develop supravalvular aortic stenosis Tassabehji, May, and Zsolt Urban. (wikipedia.org)
- Monarch's tools are designed to make it easier to compare the signs and symptoms (phenotypes) of different diseases and discover common features. (nih.gov)
- Symptoms of severe stenosis may include angina, labored breathing in response to exertion, or fainting (syncope). (pted.org)
- We are in a new era in which the timing of a surgical procedure is determined not just by the patient's symptoms, but also by the severity of the valve narrowing and the response of the left ventricle to valve stenosis. (jaoa.org)
- Aortic valve disease can be treated either medically or surgically depending on severity and/or symptoms. (umcvc.org)
- Which of the following symptoms is of most concern in a patient with aortic stenosis? (lecturio.com)
- These are symptoms of very late disease and require intensive management. (news-medical.net)
- Between fifty to eighty percent of patients with severe aortic stenosis who have symptoms, and do not have a valve replacement will typically not survive beyond two years. (intracare.co.nz)
- Called a heart murmur, this distinct sound can show up long before other aortic stenosis symptoms. (webmd.com)
- You can have a slightly more advanced case of aortic stenosis but still not show any symptoms. (webmd.com)
- If your aortic stenosis is severe, you may have the same symptoms as some people with moderate cases -- such as chest pain, tightness, shortness of breath when you're active, and fainting. (webmd.com)
- When you have mild aortic valve stenosis, you may never feel any symptoms. (webmd.com)
- Aortic stenosis symptoms range from mild to severe. (chistvincent.com)
- Signs and symptoms of aortic valve stenosis usually appear when a valve is severely narrowed. (chistvincent.com)
- Many people with aortic stenosis may not experience symptoms for years. (chistvincent.com)
- Look below for signs and symptoms of aortic stenosis. (chistvincent.com)
- This table lists symptoms that people with this disease may have. (cdc.gov)
- For most diseases, symptoms will vary from person to person. (cdc.gov)
- People with the same disease may not have all the symptoms listed. (cdc.gov)
- Do you have more information about symptoms of this disease? (cdc.gov)
- The effects of aortic valve stenosis range from mild to severe, and symptoms can be difficult to recognize. (upmc.com)
- Aortic stenosis symptoms are sometimes only noticeable during physical activity. (upmc.com)
- What are the symptoms of heart valve disease? (rochester.edu)
- Mild to moderate heart valve disease may not cause any symptoms. (rochester.edu)
- Symptoms of heart valve disease may look like other medical problems. (rochester.edu)
- What other disease/condition shares some of these symptoms? (renalandurologynews.com)
- In mild cases there may be no symptoms, while in advanced cases, valvular heart disease may lead to congestive heart failure and other complications. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
- Valve disease symptoms can occur suddenly, depending upon how quickly the disease develops. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
- Additionally, the severity of the symptoms does not necessarily correlate to the severity of the valve disease. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
- That is, you could have no symptoms at all, but have severe valve disease. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
- This surgical repair replaces the aortic valve with the patient's own pulmonary valve and then replacing the pulmonary valve with a human donated valve (the Ross repair shown in the animation). (pted.org)
- Some forms of this defect are associated with Williams Syndrome, a hereditary disorder involving mild mental retardation and a tendency for the development of pulmonary and other arterial stenoses. (pted.org)
- Haemodynamic consequences of AS on left ventricular (LV) size, wall thickness, and function as well as associated valve lesions and estimates of pulmonary artery pressure are required for the comprehensive evaluation of the disease. (oxfordmedicine.com)
- Some people with SVAS also have defects in other blood vessels, most commonly stenosis of the artery from the heart to the lungs ( the pulmonary artery ). (medlineplus.gov)
- These valves include the mitral valve, tricuspid valve, pulmonary valve and aortic valve. (chistvincent.com)
- The area enclosed by the PV loop is a measure of the ventricular stroke work, which is a product of the stroke volume and the mean aortic or pulmonary artery pressure (afterload), depending on whether one is considering the left or the right ventricle. (wikidoc.org)
- Chronic Pulmonary Heart Diseases (incl. (healthgrades.com)
- With this valve disease, the pulmonary valve does not open sufficiently. (rochester.edu)
- In the neonate or infant, pulmonary stenosis can mimic aortic stenosis. (renalandurologynews.com)
- Valvular heart disease is any disease process involving one or more of the heart's four valves, which include the tricuspid, pulmonary, mitral and aortic valves. (ucsd.edu)
- Children with acyanotic congenital heart disease usually develop respiratory difficulties, which can be effected by the compression of the tracheobronchial tree by hypertensive dilated pulmonary arteries. (infobarrel.com)
- Valvular heart disease is characterized by damage to or a defect in one of the four heart valves: the mitral, aortic, tricuspid or pulmonary. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
- Surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) is very often refused because of advanced age and poor general condition. (centerwatch.com)
- In many cases, the subvalvar stenosis is moderate and stable and no surgical treatment is necessary. (pted.org)
- Because AS plays such a prominent role in cardiovascular care, there is a renewed interest in several aspects of the disease, including understanding the pathophysiologic processes, predicting adverse cardiac events accurately, diagnosing severe disease, and indicating cardiac surgical procedures. (jaoa.org)
- Contemporary results of balloon valvuloplasty and surgical valvotomy for congenital aortic stenosis. (bmj.com)
- Historically, open surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) has been the standard treatment for severe aortic stenosis. (umcvc.org)
- Depending on patient risk factors TAVI has a lower death rate and lower stroke rate than surgical aortic valve replacement, is much less invasive and has a faster recovery time. (intracare.co.nz)
- Surgical treatment options available to you include open heart surgery and minimally invasive aortic valve replacement. (chistvincent.com)
- At the UPMC Heart and Vascular Institute , we offer the full range of treatments for aortic stenosis including surgical and minimally invasive valve replacement. (upmc.com)
- Surgical management of aortic disease. (columbiasurgery.org)
- As defined in the trial, "high risk" comprises 5-15% of the total population undergoing surgical aortic valve replacement. (columbiasurgery.org)
- Despite impressive advances in anesthesiologic and surgical techniques, morbidity and mortality in patients with severe aortic stenosis remains high. (nih.gov)
- However, further preoperative testing or aortic valve replacement prior to noncardiac surgery should be discussed individually with the patients awaiting urgent surgical procedures who are at medium or high risk. (nih.gov)
- Objective To examine the effect of transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) versus surgical replacement of an aortic valve (SAVR) in patients with severe aortic stenosis at low and intermediate risk of perioperative death. (bmj.com)
- 1 Each year in the United States, about 75 000 patients undergo surgical aortic valve replacements (SAVR). (bmj.com)
- In this approach, the surgery is performed through a small incision, providing access to the heart and lungs for surgical procedures such as aortic valve replacements, and mitral valve repairs and replacements. (ucsd.edu)
- Aortic stenosis is the most frequent valvular heart disease and accounts for a significant number of open-heart surgical procedures, thus posing an increasing challenge for health care. (escardio.org)
- Patients with severe aortic stenosis at increased surgical risk continue to experience compromised long-term survival despite successful transcatheter aortic valve implantation. (escardio.org)
Transcatheter aortic valve implantation5
- Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation (TAVI) is a major breakthrough for replacing the aortic valve. (intracare.co.nz)
- Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is an increasingly popular alternative to SAVR, at least in part because it does not require thoracotomy. (bmj.com)
- We used time-related pathways in a multistate analysis to identify predictors of adverse long-term outcome in patients who underwent transcatheter aortic valve implantation. (escardio.org)
- In a cohort of 389 patients with a mean age of 82.4±5.8 years and a STS score of 6.8±5.3 undergoing transcatheter aortic valve implantation between 2007 and 2011, multistate analysis was used to estimate mortality and stroke taking into account intercurrent events including kidney injury and the composite of access site and bleeding complications (ABC). (escardio.org)
- A body mass index ≤20 kg/m2 was identified as a primary predictor of stroke and death after transcatheter aortic valve implantation during long-term follow-up, whereas transapical access emerged as a predictor of kidney injury and ABC. (escardio.org)
- Your doctor might suggest a surgery to repair or replace the mitral valve and replace the aortic valve at the same time. (lancastergeneralhealth.org)
- The left sided valves are most commonly affected, with the mitral valve almost always being damaged, and the aortic valve in 20-30% of cases. (news-medical.net)
- Most cases of mitral stenosis are due to RHD, and it refers to the abnormal tightening of the mitral valve. (news-medical.net)
- The aortic valve is usually affected along with the mitral valve, and it becomes less mobile because it is thickened and nodular. (news-medical.net)
- The mitral valve is open while the aortic valve is closed. (wikidoc.org)
- Mitral stenosis is a narrowing or obstruction of the opening of the Mitral valve. (steadyhealth.com)
- With this valve disease, the mitral valve opening is narrowed. (rochester.edu)
- Our surgeons have tremendous success in performing mitral valve repairs in patients with early-stage disease. (ucsfhealth.org)
- Our surgeons are experts in performing all types of valve surgeries with excellent outcomes, including aortic valve repair and replacement and complex mitral valve repairs. (ucsd.edu)
- Percutaneous techniques enable balloon valvuloplasty to treat mitral valve stenosis and also allow replacement of the aortic valve in high-risk patients with critical aortic stenosis (narrowing of the aortic valve opening). (ucsd.edu)
- Familial aortic dissection is the term used to describe rupture of the aortic wall at the level of the media, resulting in the formation of a false channel and deviation of part of the aortic flux. (mendelian.co)
- Molecular and genetic mechanisms of aortic aneurysm/dissection development. (stanford.edu)
- There is also an increased risk of aortic dissection. (mayoclinic.org)
Normal aortic valve3
- Normal aortic valve with thin supple leaflets. (intracare.co.nz)
- A normal aortic valve has three flaps, or cusps, that fit snugly together. (webmd.com)
- Eric Horlick: A normal aortic valve is between four to five centimetres square and all of the blood that feeds the body passes through it. (thestar.com)
- If so, it might be what doctors call asymptomatic aortic stenosis. (webmd.com)
- If none of the above is present and the patient remains asymptomatic, the most likely diagnosis is aortic sclerosis and no echo is required. (nih.gov)
- Chambers J, Das P. Treadmill exercise in apparently asymptomatic aortic stenosis. (edwards.com)
- In patients with asymptomatic aortic stenosis (AS), the prognostic value of reduced left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction is well known. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- Perioperative care is established in patients with asymptomatic aortic stenosis and/or those undergoing low-risk surgery. (nih.gov)
- Parents and siblings of children with aortic stenosis should receive screening echocardiograms even if asymptomatic because of the familial nature if this disease. (renalandurologynews.com)
- Every year, between 50,000 and 90,000 adults in the U.S. die from vaccine-preventable infectious diseases or their complications. (silverbook.org)
- This irregular valve can lead to aortic stenosis or other complications. (umcvc.org)
- Complications of mitral stenosis include the formation of a clot in the left atrium, because of the slow movement of blood out of this chamber. (news-medical.net)
- In the clinical setting, these findings could assist physicians to identify peripheral artery disease earlier, provide guideline-recommended care, and monitor at-risk patients for vascular complications. (prnewswire.com)
- INTRODUCTION: Discussion on aortic valve degenerative processes is still lasting. (biomedsearch.com)
- We have entered a new era in understanding degenerative aortic stenosis in elderly patients. (jaoa.org)
- Vitamin E and C supplementation may have a therapeutic effect in chronic degenerative aortic stenosis. (greenmedinfo.com)
- Senile, or degenerative, AS results from calcium deposition on the aortic surface of the valve. (nih.gov)
- Valvar aortic stenosis is a spectrum, with significant valve obstruction treated in infancy or childhood. (pted.org)
- The purpose of this study was to compare contemporary results of balloon dilatation and surgery for valvar aortic stenosis in infants and children in the five years between August 1988 and October 1993. (bmj.com)
- It is concluded that balloon dilatation for valvar aortic stenosis is effective and safe for the entire paediatric population. (bmj.com)
- Unlike valvar aortic stenosis, subvalvular aortic stenosis is not successfully treated with balloon valvuloplasty. (congenital.org)
- Unicuspid aortic valve is inherently stenotic and is the only type of valvar stenosis present at birth. (hubpages.com)
- Congenital aortic stenosis is further subclassified based on the level of stenosis, namely valvar, subvalvar, and supravalvar aortic stenosis.The level of stenosis is important to identify because it has implications for the natural history and associated anomalies. (renalandurologynews.com)
- This chapter is limited to congenital valvar aortic stenosis. (renalandurologynews.com)
- The only known predisposing factor for the development of nonsyndromic valvar aortic stenosis is a positive family history (an affected first-degree family member). (renalandurologynews.com)
- Also, the valvuloplasty technique is not very effective in adults whose aortic valve leaflets have become calcified. (pted.org)
- Aortic Stenosis is is a thickening of the valve leaflets, making it difficult for them to open and close. (umcvc.org)
- An infant is born with fused aortic valve leaflets. (lecturio.com)
- Aortic stenosis is usually due to calcium building up on the valve leaflets causing them to become rigid. (intracare.co.nz)
- In calcific aortic stenosis, leaflets are thick and rigid. (intracare.co.nz)
- Stenosis can mean that the leaflets or cusps of your valve have thickened or scarred and don't open as well as they should. (webmd.com)
- Your aortic valve has three flaps, called leaflets, which are connected to a ring called the annulus. (upmc.com)
- With this birth defect, the aortic valve has only 2 leaflets instead of 3. (rochester.edu)
- Approximately 85.6 million Americans suffer from some form of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and close to 1 in 3 deaths result from CVD. (silverbook.org)
- For more than 25 years, the Frankel Cardiovascular Center has been a leader in aortic valve replacement in both volume and outcomes. (umcvc.org)
- Pathophysiological, epidemiological, and genetic studies provide strong evidence that lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)] is a causal mediator of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and calcific aortic valve disease (CAVD). (onlinejacc.org)
- From Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, The Howard Gilman Institute for Heart Valve Diseases and the Schiavone Institute for Cardiovascular Translational Research, SUNY Downstate Medical Center, Brooklyn and New York, NY. (ahajournals.org)
- Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research -an official publication of SCIBIOLMED.ORG. (jcdronline.org)
- ANN ARBOR, Mich. - A landmark heart valve trial that included patients from the University of Michigan Frankel Cardiovascular Center showed positive results for those whose lives were impaired by aortic stenosis. (healthcanal.com)
- Munch on at least five ounces of walnuts every week to lessen the risk of cardiovascular disease. (medindia.net)
- Dark chocolate with 70 percent cocoa content has minimum sugar levels, making it an ideal food choice to prevent cardiovascular disease. (medindia.net)
- Increasing intake from protein-rich foods could be an important and readily achievable way to reduce people's risk of cardiovascular disease. (medindia.net)
- If you are diagnosed with aortic stenosis, your team of cardiologists and cardiovascular surgeons at CHI St. Vincent will work closely with you to determine the approach that provides you with the best outcome. (chistvincent.com)
- High cholesterol and triglyceride levels increase the risk of cardiovascular disease. (medicinenet.com)
- Dr. Luis Gonzalez, MD is a cardiovascular & metabolic diseases doctor who practices in West New York, NJ. (healthgrades.com)
- In this study, researchers assessed the company's AI-driven HART PAD diagnostic test on patients enrolled in Massachusetts General Hospital's (MGH) Catheter Sampled Blood Archive in Cardiovascular Disease ( CASABLANCA ) study. (prnewswire.com)
- Powered by AI, Prevencio is revolutionizing blood tests for cardiovascular disease. (prnewswire.com)
- To provide physical activity recommendations for people with cardiovascular disease, an Expert Working Group of the National Heart Foundation of Australia in late 2004 reviewed the evidence since the US Surgeon General's Report: physical activity and health in 1996. (mja.com.au)
- Medical practitioners should routinely provide brief, appropriate advice on physical activity to people with well-compensated, clinically stable cardiovascular disease. (mja.com.au)
- E vidence is compelling (National Health and Medical Research Council [NHMRC] level I 2 )for the impact of physical activity on the prevention and treatment of cardiovascular disease (CVD). (mja.com.au)
- The program has an active interest in transitioning adolescents and young adults to adult cardiac care and in cardiovascular disease and pregnancy. (massgeneral.org)
- The specialists at the Cardio-Oncology Clinic at UW Medical Center's Regional Heart Center are experts in decreasing cardiovascular damage in cancer patients and reducing the long-term risk of developing cardiovascular disease in cancer survivors. (uwmedicine.org)
- If you've had a heart attack or suffer from another cardiac condition, Northwest Hospital's Cardiac Rehabilitation Program can help support recovery, reduce risk for further cardiovascular disease, and increase overall health and well-being. (uwmedicine.org)
Replace the aortic valve1
- New perspectives of the disease now lead us to see the condition in terms of the response of the left ventricle and of systemic features, rather than just in terms of the valve area itself. (jaoa.org)
- Significant hemodynamic changes do not occur until the aortic valve area has been reduced to a quarter of its normal size (the normal orifice is 3-4 cm 2 ). (nih.gov)
- Rates of hemodynamic progression of aortic stenosis (expressed as an increase in peak gradient, peak aortic jet velocity or reduction of the valve area) in the different trials for patients receiving or not receiving statin therapy, respectively were: Aronow et al. (escardio.org)
- Paradoxical" low-flow, low-gradient stenosis has a dismal prognosis in spite of a normal left ventricular ejection fraction. (jaoa.org)
- Curcumin may have therapeutic value in treating aortic stenosis, left ventricular dysfunction and myocardial fibrosis. (greenmedinfo.com)
- Narrowing of the aperture to 0.75cm2 or less produces severe obstruction to left ventricular ejection and a pressure gradient across the aortic valve develops which may reach 50 mm to even 200 mmHg. (hubpages.com)
- Electrocardiography will demonstrate abnormal findings of left ventricular hypertrophy in up to 30% of children with significant stenosis, but may be normal in children with less severe disease. (renalandurologynews.com)
- PURPOSE OF RESEARCH: Endovascular stent-graft repair of aortic pathologies is a minimally-invasive alternative to open surgery that may decrease morbidity and mortality, particularly in high risk patients. (stanford.edu)
- Although traditional open heart surgery is still the standard for many patients, in certain patients with isolated valve disease, a minimally invasive approach can be used. (ucsd.edu)
- For them, we turn to minimally invasive procedures, including the transcatheter aortic valve implant (TAVI). (thestar.com)
- The incidence of rheumatic heart disease has dropped so much in North America that, in my experience, rheumatic AS is rarely seen. (jaoa.org)
- Rheumatic heart disease (RHD) is a long-term outcome of a condition called acute rheumatic fever (ARF) which typically occurs in childhood. (news-medical.net)
- Rheumatic fever can scar the aortic valve. (webmd.com)
- Also, if you've had rheumatic fever or you are dealing with ongoing kidney disease , you may have a greater chance of having a problem with your aortic valve. (webmd.com)
- Active rheumatic endocardities of the aortic valve leads on to thickening of the valve cusps with fusion of both commisures or fusion of a single commisure. (hubpages.com)
- Pure aortic stenosis is rare to develop in rheumatic heart disease. (hubpages.com)
- Rheumatic fever may cause valvular heart disease. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
- Timely administration of antibiotics may prevent the development of rheumatic fever which can cause valvular heart disease. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
- Though the exact cause of rheumatic fever is unknown, the disease usually follows the contraction of a throat infection caused by a member of the Group A streptococcus (strep) bacteria (called strep throat). (encyclopedia.com)
Patient with aortic stenosis1
- With a nod to tradition, it should be noted that there are 3 forms of AS from the perspective of congenital heart disease. (jaoa.org)
- As many as 11.6 million Americans in the U.S. have heart valve disease (HVD), and more than 1 in 10 adults ages 75 and older have HVD. (silverbook.org)
- Aortic stenosis is one of the most common and serious types of heart valve disease. (silverbook.org)
- If aortic valve stenosis happens along with other heart problems, such as other valve problems, it can affect the decision of when to have surgery to replace the valve. (lancastergeneralhealth.org)
- If you have had a heart attack, and if your left ventricle is damaged, your heart might not be able to compensate for aortic stenosis. (lancastergeneralhealth.org)
- 2014). 2014 AHA/ACC guideline for the management of patients with valvular heart disease: A report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines. (lancastergeneralhealth.org)
- Acquired valvular heart diseases may manifest as insufficiencies (i.e., the incomplete closure of the valve), as a stenosis (i.e., a narrowing of the valve), or as a combined valvular defect. (lecturio.com)
- Aortic stenosis will have which of the following effects on the heart? (lecturio.com)
- If SVAS is not treated, the aortic narrowing can lead to shortness of breath, chest pain, and ultimately heart failure. (medlineplus.gov)
- When the aortic valve is obstructed, your heart needs to work harder to pump blood to your body. (intracare.co.nz)
- Every February 22nd is National Heart Valve Disease Awareness Day. (agingresearch.org)
- This 60-second video explains why heart valve disease is a threat to the health of millions and why raising awareness about the disease is so important. (agingresearch.org)
- Aortic stenosis is a type of heart valve disease. (webmd.com)
- As your aortic valve's opening slowly starts to shrink with this condition, your heart muscle picks up the slack. (webmd.com)
- Or, you may start to feel the effects of a smaller aortic valve opening and the strain that's putting on your heart. (webmd.com)
- If left untreated, severe aortic stenosis can lead to heart failure. (webmd.com)
- When your aortic valve won't open normally, your heart can't pump all the blood building up inside it. (webmd.com)
- Rich in fiber and vitamin C, blueberry is a disease-fighting food that combats heart ailments effectively. (medindia.net)
- Have them for breakfast or with a wholegrain meal during lunch, mix them with other fruits and make a fruit salad or have them raw, blueberries are the best option to prevent heart diseases. (medindia.net)
- Aortic stenosis is a serious heart valve disease that restricts normal blood flow to the entire body. (chistvincent.com)
- Aortic stenosis has heart-weakening effects that may could lead to heart failure. (chistvincent.com)
- Unfortunately, awareness of heart valve disease is alarmingly low. (agingresearch.org)
- For more information on our educational resources related to Heart Valve Disease Awareness Day, see the Valve Disease page. (agingresearch.org)
- http://www.heart-valve-surgery.com/aortic-stenosis-valve-heart-narrowing.php One of the main ingredients in Brilinta (Ticagrelor) is dibasic calcium phosphate.This medication is used to prevent or treat low blood calcium levels in people who do not get enough calcium from their diets. (webmd.com)
- The aortic valve controls blood flow from the heart to the rest of your body. (medtronic.com)
- When an aortic valve becomes stenotic, it does not open properly, thus affecting the amount of oxygen-rich blood that leaves the heart with each beat. (medtronic.com)
- If you suffer from aortic stenosis, an increased burden is placed on your heart, which may weaken the heart muscle and affect your health. (medtronic.com)
- While advances in echocardiography and the widespread availability of antibiotics have changed the prevalence, management, and especially the diagnosis of valve disease for specialists, very little has changed for generalists, who hear heart murmurs less frequently. (nih.gov)
- On auscultation, the second heart sound is single when the valve is calcified due to a lack of aortic component. (nih.gov)
- Aortic valve stenosis can also be caused by the buildup of calcium deposits on the heart valve with increasing age. (cdc.gov)
- For the repair,the surgeon usually enters the heart through the aortic valve and removes the obstructing tissue (see animation at left). (congenital.org)
- In a normal heart, when the left ventricle squeezes, blood flows out of it and the flaps of the aortic valve open to allow blood to flow through. (upmc.com)
- At the UPMC Heart and Vascular Institute , we take a team-based approach to develop the right treatment for your aortic stenosis , based on your unique circumstances. (upmc.com)
- Although there are cases where aortic stenosis can be present at birth (congenital), this heart condition is more commonly seen among older adults. (upmc.com)
- Aortic stenosis can weaken the heart and lead to heart failure . (upmc.com)
- Is that some kind heart disease? (steadyhealth.com)
- Children with congenital heart disease (CHD) are at increased risk for behavioral, emotional, and cognitive problems. (springer.com)
- Until now, the 'Congenital Heart Disease Intervention Program (CHIP) - School' is the only evidence-based intervention in this field. (springer.com)
- Designed to meet the needs of clinicians working with adults with congenital heart disease, Diagnosis and Management of Adult Congenital Heart Disease , by Drs. Michael A. Gatzoulis, Gary D. Webb, and Piers E. F. Daubeney, offers essential guidance on the anatomical issues, clinical presentation, diagnosis , and treatment options available to practitioners today. (elsevier.com)
- He has published three textbooks and more than 120 articles including several dealing with the hemodynamics of heart disease. (wiley.com)
- If you have expertise in Heart Disease and your own website and/or product for this topic, please review this form for complete details. (selfgrowth.com)
- In principle, all people can take these 8 simple ways towards heart disease prevention. (selfgrowth.com)
- Hover over the stars and click to rate this Heart Disease website. (selfgrowth.com)
- Heart disease is not caused by high cholesterol. (selfgrowth.com)
- Provides insight, education, and guidance in the fight against heart disease. (selfgrowth.com)
- Valvular Heart Disease -- Kenneth Korr, M.D. (brown.edu)
- These searches were complemented by searches of the reference lists of reviews, personal collections of the Working Group, and websites of leading national and international health agencies concerned with heart, stroke, vascular disease and diabetes. (mja.com.au)
- Our specialists care for adolescents and adults with congenital heart disease and value open and ongoing communication with referring pediatricians, internists and primary cardiologists. (massgeneral.org)
- To diagnose congenital heart disease, it is important to have a clear image of a patient's anatomy. (massgeneral.org)
- Allelic polymorphism of the interleukin-1 receptor antagonist gene in patients with acute or stable presentation of ischemic heart disease. (medscape.com)
- Every year, 1 million babies around the world - and 40,000 babies in the United States - are born with some type of heart defect, making congenital heart disease (CHD) the most common type of birth defect in children. (chop.edu)
- Some women undergo prenatal fetal heart ultrasounds (fetal echocardiogram) if there is a risk factor for heart disease. (chop.edu)
- Screening newborns for critical heart disease by checking their oxygen levels (pulse oximetry) in the hospital is now standard of care in many states. (chop.edu)
- Providing the best care for patients with heart valve disease requires the close collaboration of different types of heart specialists. (ucsfhealth.org)
- The UCSF Heart Valve Disease Clinic brings together interventional cardiologists and cardiothoracic surgeons to offer expert, comprehensive care. (ucsfhealth.org)
- The prevalence of BAV (with and without valve dysfunction) is estimated to be approximately 1%-2% of the general population and is often not included in overall incidence estimates of congenital heart disease. (renalandurologynews.com)
- Chest radiographs are nonspecific, especially in infants and younger children, but are often readily available and inexpensive, and can serve as a screening test for a neonate or infant with heart disease. (renalandurologynews.com)
- Our adult congenital heart disease specialists have the in-depth understanding and expertise required to provide the right care. (uwmedicine.org)
- Our heart care experts are renowned leaders in clinical trials, dedicated to discovering better ways to prevent, treat and cure heart disease. (uwmedicine.org)
- Certain cancer treatments can damage the heart and blood vessels, especially when a person is already at risk for heart disease. (uwmedicine.org)
- In aortic valve replacement, your surgeon removes the damaged valve and replaces it with a mechanical valve or a valve made from cow, pig or human heart tissue (biological tissue valve). (mayoclinic.org)
- UC San Diego Health's highly specialized cardiologists use a multidisciplinary approach to diagnose and manage heart valve disease, often allowing our patients to be evaluated by all specialists in one visit - an approach that is unique to us. (ucsd.edu)
- Hear from UC San Diego patients about their experience with heart valve disease and how their lives were saved. (ucsd.edu)
- Our interventional cardiologists and surgeons have extensive experience with percutaneous treatments for valvular heart disease. (ucsd.edu)
- At the University of Chicago Medicine, we understand that adults with congenital heart disease require care that cannot be delivered by adult or pediatric cardiologists alone. (uchospitals.edu)
- In response to this need, we created the University of Chicago Center for Adults with Congenital Heart Disease. (uchospitals.edu)
- This multidisciplinary approach affords us the ability to treat patients with repaired or unrepaired defects who also may have co-existing heart and medical diseases. (uchospitals.edu)
- Our heart specialists are internationally recognized for their expertise in treating congenital heart disease. (uchospitals.edu)
- Methysergide, a medication used to treat migraine headaches, and some diet drugs may promote valvular heart disease. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
- Radiation therapy (used to treat cancer) may be associated with valvular heart disease. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
- Adhere to a prescribed treatment program for other forms of heart disease. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
- During your examination, the doctor listens for distinctive heart sounds, known as heart murmurs, which indicate valvular heart disease. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
- Research more strongly supports the theory that the disease is caused by an interaction between antibodies produced to fight the group A streptococcus bacteria and the heart tissue. (encyclopedia.com)