Anxiety Disorders: Persistent and disabling ANXIETY.Psychotherapy: A generic term for the treatment of mental illness or emotional disturbances primarily by verbal or nonverbal communication.Anxiety: Feeling or emotion of dread, apprehension, and impending disaster but not disabling as with ANXIETY DISORDERS.Psychoanalytic Therapy: A form of psychiatric treatment, based on Freudian principles, which seeks to eliminate or diminish the undesirable effects of unconscious conflicts by making the patient aware of their existence, origin, and inappropriate expression in current emotions and behavior.Phobic Disorders: Anxiety disorders in which the essential feature is persistent and irrational fear of a specific object, activity, or situation that the individual feels compelled to avoid. The individual recognizes the fear as excessive or unreasonable.Psychotherapy, Brief: Any form of psychotherapy designed to produce therapeutic change within a minimal amount of time, generally not more than 20 sessions.Psychotherapy, Group: A form of therapy in which two or more patients participate under the guidance of one or more psychotherapists for the purpose of treating emotional disturbances, social maladjustments, and psychotic states.Panic Disorder: A type of anxiety disorder characterized by unexpected panic attacks that last minutes or, rarely, hours. Panic attacks begin with intense apprehension, fear or terror and, often, a feeling of impending doom. Symptoms experienced during a panic attack include dyspnea or sensations of being smothered; dizziness, loss of balance or faintness; choking sensations; palpitations or accelerated heart rate; shakiness; sweating; nausea or other form of abdominal distress; depersonalization or derealization; paresthesias; hot flashes or chills; chest discomfort or pain; fear of dying and fear of not being in control of oneself or going crazy. Agoraphobia may also develop. Similar to other anxiety disorders, it may be inherited as an autosomal dominant trait.Mood Disorders: Those disorders that have a disturbance in mood as their predominant feature.Transference (Psychology): The unconscious transfer to others (including psychotherapists) of feelings and attitudes which were originally associated with important figures (parents, siblings, etc.) in one's early life.Cognitive Therapy: A direct form of psychotherapy based on the interpretation of situations (cognitive structure of experiences) that determine how an individual feels and behaves. It is based on the premise that cognition, the process of acquiring knowledge and forming beliefs, is a primary determinant of mood and behavior. The therapy uses behavioral and verbal techniques to identify and correct negative thinking that is at the root of the aberrant behavior.Anxiety, Separation: Anxiety experienced by an individual upon separation from a person or object of particular significance to the individual.Psychiatric Status Rating Scales: Standardized procedures utilizing rating scales or interview schedules carried out by health personnel for evaluating the degree of mental illness.Depressive Disorder: An affective disorder manifested by either a dysphoric mood or loss of interest or pleasure in usual activities. The mood disturbance is prominent and relatively persistent.Depressive Disorder, Major: Marked depression appearing in the involution period and characterized by hallucinations, delusions, paranoia, and agitation.Mental Disorders: Psychiatric illness or diseases manifested by breakdowns in the adaptational process expressed primarily as abnormalities of thought, feeling, and behavior producing either distress or impairment of function.Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders: Categorical classification of MENTAL DISORDERS based on criteria sets with defining features. It is produced by the American Psychiatric Association. (DSM-IV, page xxii)Psychotherapeutic Processes: Experiential, attitudinal, emotional, or behavioral phenomena occurring during the course of treatment. They apply to the patient or therapist (i.e., nurse, doctor, etc.) individually or to their interaction. (American Psychological Association: Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 1994)Anti-Anxiety Agents: Agents that alleviate ANXIETY, tension, and ANXIETY DISORDERS, promote sedation, and have a calming effect without affecting clarity of consciousness or neurologic conditions. ADRENERGIC BETA-ANTAGONISTS are commonly used in the symptomatic treatment of anxiety but are not included here.Agoraphobia: Obsessive, persistent, intense fear of open places.Reality Therapy: Method of psychotherapeutic treatment based on assumption of patients' personal responsibility for their own behavior. The therapist actively guides patients to accurate self-perception for fulfillment of needs of self-worth and respect for others. (From APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed.)Bipolar Disorder: A major affective disorder marked by severe mood swings (manic or major depressive episodes) and a tendency to remission and recurrence.Comorbidity: The presence of co-existing or additional diseases with reference to an initial diagnosis or with reference to the index condition that is the subject of study. Comorbidity may affect the ability of affected individuals to function and also their survival; it may be used as a prognostic indicator for length of hospital stay, cost factors, and outcome or survival.Antidepressive Agents: Mood-stimulating drugs used primarily in the treatment of affective disorders and related conditions. Several MONOAMINE OXIDASE INHIBITORS are useful as antidepressants apparently as a long-term consequence of their modulation of catecholamine levels. The tricyclic compounds useful as antidepressive agents (ANTIDEPRESSIVE AGENTS, TRICYCLIC) also appear to act through brain catecholamine systems. A third group (ANTIDEPRESSIVE AGENTS, SECOND-GENERATION) is a diverse group of drugs including some that act specifically on serotonergic systems.Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic: A class of traumatic stress disorders with symptoms that last more than one month. There are various forms of post-traumatic stress disorder, depending on the time of onset and the duration of these stress symptoms. In the acute form, the duration of the symptoms is between 1 to 3 months. In the chronic form, symptoms last more than 3 months. With delayed onset, symptoms develop more than 6 months after the traumatic event.Depression: Depressive states usually of moderate intensity in contrast with major depression present in neurotic and psychotic disorders.Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder: An anxiety disorder characterized by recurrent, persistent obsessions or compulsions. Obsessions are the intrusive ideas, thoughts, or images that are experienced as senseless or repugnant. Compulsions are repetitive and seemingly purposeful behavior which the individual generally recognizes as senseless and from which the individual does not derive pleasure although it may provide a release from tension.Implosive Therapy: A method for extinguishing anxiety by a saturation exposure to the feared stimulus situation or its substitute.Interview, Psychological: A directed conversation aimed at eliciting information for psychiatric diagnosis, evaluation, treatment planning, etc. The interview may be conducted by a social worker or psychologist.Fear: The affective response to an actual current external danger which subsides with the elimination of the threatening condition.Psychoanalysis: The separation or resolution of the psyche into its constituent elements. The term has two separate meanings: 1. a procedure devised by Sigmund Freud, for investigating mental processes by means of free association, dream interpretation and interpretation of resistance and transference manifestations; and 2. a theory of psychology developed by Freud from his clinical experience with hysterical patients. (From Campbell, Psychiatric Dictionary, 1996).Psychoanalytic Interpretation: Utilization of Freudian theories to explain various psychologic aspects of art, literature, biographical material, etc.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Dysthymic Disorder: Chronically depressed mood that occurs for most of the day more days than not for at least 2 years. The required minimum duration in children to make this diagnosis is 1 year. During periods of depressed mood, at least 2 of the following additional symptoms are present: poor appetite or overeating, insomnia or hypersomnia, low energy or fatigue, low self esteem, poor concentration or difficulty making decisions, and feelings of hopelessness. (DSM-IV)Defense Mechanisms: Unconscious process used by an individual or a group of individuals in order to cope with impulses, feelings or ideas which are not acceptable at their conscious level; various types include reaction formation, projection and self reversal.Serotonin Uptake Inhibitors: Compounds that specifically inhibit the reuptake of serotonin in the brain.Personality Inventory: Check list, usually to be filled out by a person about himself, consisting of many statements about personal characteristics which the subject checks.Neurotic Disorders: Disorders in which the symptoms are distressing to the individual and recognized by him or her as being unacceptable. Social relationships may be greatly affected but usually remain within acceptable limits. The disturbance is relatively enduring or recurrent without treatment.Somatoform Disorders: Disorders having the presence of physical symptoms that suggest a general medical condition but that are not fully explained by a another medical condition, by the direct effects of a substance, or by another mental disorder. The symptoms must cause clinically significant distress or impairment in social, occupational, or other areas of functioning. In contrast to FACTITIOUS DISORDERS and MALINGERING, the physical symptoms are not under voluntary control. (APA, DSM-V)Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Personality Disorders: A major deviation from normal patterns of behavior.Psychotropic Drugs: A loosely defined grouping of drugs that have effects on psychological function. Here the psychotropic agents include the antidepressive agents, hallucinogens, and tranquilizing agents (including the antipsychotics and anti-anxiety agents).Psychodrama: Primarily a technique of group psychotherapy which involves a structured, directed, and dramatized acting out of the patient's personal and emotional problems.Psychiatry: The medical science that deals with the origin, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of mental disorders.Substance-Related Disorders: Disorders related to substance abuse.Dental Anxiety: Abnormal fear or dread of visiting the dentist for preventive care or therapy and unwarranted anxiety over dental procedures.Therapy, Computer-Assisted: Computer systems utilized as adjuncts in the treatment of disease.Severity of Illness Index: Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.Emotions: Those affective states which can be experienced and have arousing and motivational properties.Stress, Psychological: Stress wherein emotional factors predominate.Personality Assessment: The determination and evaluation of personality attributes by interviews, observations, tests, or scales. Articles concerning personality measurement are considered to be within scope of this term.Interpersonal Relations: The reciprocal interaction of two or more persons.Borderline Personality Disorder: A personality disorder marked by a pattern of instability of interpersonal relationships, self-image, and affects, and marked impulsivity beginning by early adulthood and present in a variety of contexts. (DSM-IV)Psychometrics: Assessment of psychological variables by the application of mathematical procedures.Manifest Anxiety Scale: True-false questionnaire made up of items believed to indicate anxiety, in which the subject answers verbally the statement that describes him.Family Therapy: A form of group psychotherapy. It involves treatment of more than one member of the family simultaneously in the same session.Psychotherapy, Psychodynamic: Forms of PSYCHOTHERAPY falling within or deriving from the psychoanalytic tradition, that view individuals as reacting to unconscious forces (e.g., motivation, drive), that focus on processes of change and development, and that place a premium on self understanding and making meaning of what is unconscious.Desensitization, Psychologic: A behavior therapy technique in which deep muscle relaxation is used to inhibit the effects of graded anxiety-evoking stimuli.Shyness: Discomfort and partial inhibition of the usual forms of behavior when in the presence of others.Combined Modality Therapy: The treatment of a disease or condition by several different means simultaneously or sequentially. Chemoimmunotherapy, RADIOIMMUNOTHERAPY, chemoradiotherapy, cryochemotherapy, and SALVAGE THERAPY are seen most frequently, but their combinations with each other and surgery are also used.Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Amygdala: Almond-shaped group of basal nuclei anterior to the INFERIOR HORN OF THE LATERAL VENTRICLE of the TEMPORAL LOBE. The amygdala is part of the limbic system.Adaptation, Psychological: A state of harmony between internal needs and external demands and the processes used in achieving this condition. (From APA Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)Test Anxiety Scale: A self-reporting test consisting of items concerning fear and worry about taking tests and physiological activity, such as heart rate, sweating, etc., before, during, and after tests.Ego: The conscious portion of the personality structure which serves to mediate between the demands of the primitive instinctual drives, (the id), of internalized parental and social prohibitions or the conscience, (the superego), and of reality.Countertransference (Psychology): Conscious or unconscious emotional reaction of the therapist to the patient which may interfere with treatment. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed.)Temperament: Predisposition to react to one's environment in a certain way; usually refers to mood changes.Antidepressive Agents, Second-Generation: A structurally and mechanistically diverse group of drugs that are not tricyclics or monoamine oxidase inhibitors. The most clinically important appear to act selectively on serotonergic systems, especially by inhibiting serotonin reuptake.Psychotic Disorders: Disorders in which there is a loss of ego boundaries or a gross impairment in reality testing with delusions or prominent hallucinations. (From DSM-IV, 1994)Affect: The feeling-tone accompaniment of an idea or mental representation. It is the most direct psychic derivative of instinct and the psychic representative of the various bodily changes by means of which instincts manifest themselves.Professional-Patient Relations: Interactions between health personnel and patients.Mental Health Services: Organized services to provide mental health care.Alcoholism: A primary, chronic disease with genetic, psychosocial, and environmental factors influencing its development and manifestations. The disease is often progressive and fatal. It is characterized by impaired control over drinking, preoccupation with the drug alcohol, use of alcohol despite adverse consequences, and distortions in thinking, most notably denial. Each of these symptoms may be continuous or periodic. (Morse & Flavin for the Joint Commission of the National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence and the American Society of Addiction Medicine to Study the Definition and Criteria for the Diagnosis of Alcoholism: in JAMA 1992;268:1012-4)Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity: A behavior disorder originating in childhood in which the essential features are signs of developmentally inappropriate inattention, impulsivity, and hyperactivity. Although most individuals have symptoms of both inattention and hyperactivity-impulsivity, one or the other pattern may be predominant. The disorder is more frequent in males than females. Onset is in childhood. Symptoms often attenuate during late adolescence although a minority experience the full complement of symptoms into mid-adulthood. (From DSM-V)Personality Development: Growth of habitual patterns of behavior in childhood and adolescence.Citalopram: A furancarbonitrile that is one of the SEROTONIN UPTAKE INHIBITORS used as an antidepressant. The drug is also effective in reducing ethanol uptake in alcoholics and is used in depressed patients who also suffer from tardive dyskinesia in preference to tricyclic antidepressants, which aggravate this condition.Social Adjustment: Adaptation of the person to the social environment. Adjustment may take place by adapting the self to the environment or by changing the environment. (From Campbell, Psychiatric Dictionary, 1996)Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Community Mental Health Services: Diagnostic, therapeutic and preventive mental health services provided for individuals in the community.Hypochondriasis: Preoccupation with the fear of having, or the idea that one has, a serious disease based on the person's misinterpretation of bodily symptoms. (APA, DSM-IV)Behavior Therapy: The application of modern theories of learning and conditioning in the treatment of behavior disorders.Diagnosis, Dual (Psychiatry): The co-existence of a substance abuse disorder with a psychiatric disorder. The diagnostic principle is based on the fact that it has been found often that chemically dependent patients also have psychiatric problems of various degrees of severity.Life Change Events: Those occurrences, including social, psychological, and environmental, which require an adjustment or effect a change in an individual's pattern of living.Longitudinal Studies: Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.United StatesStartle Reaction: A complex involuntary response to an unexpected strong stimulus usually auditory in nature.Self Concept: A person's view of himself.Primary Health Care: Care which provides integrated, accessible health care services by clinicians who are accountable for addressing a large majority of personal health care needs, developing a sustained partnership with patients, and practicing in the context of family and community. (JAMA 1995;273(3):192)Health Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.Child of Impaired Parents: Child with one or more parents afflicted by a physical or mental disorder.Schizophrenia: A severe emotional disorder of psychotic depth characteristically marked by a retreat from reality with delusion formation, HALLUCINATIONS, emotional disharmony, and regressive behavior.Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Quality of Life: A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.Arousal: Cortical vigilance or readiness of tone, presumed to be in response to sensory stimulation via the reticular activating system.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Psychophysiologic Disorders: A group of disorders characterized by physical symptoms that are affected by emotional factors and involve a single organ system, usually under AUTONOMIC NERVOUS SYSTEM control. (American Psychiatric Glossary, 1988)Patient Dropouts: Discontinuance of care received by patient(s) due to reasons other than full recovery from the disease.Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.Social Behavior: Any behavior caused by or affecting another individual, usually of the same species.Relaxation Therapy: Treatment to improve one's health condition by using techniques that can reduce PHYSIOLOGICAL STRESS; PSYCHOLOGICAL STRESS; or both.Psychopathology: The study of significant causes and processes in the development of mental illness.Child Development Disorders, Pervasive: Severe distortions in the development of many basic psychological functions that are not normal for any stage in development. These distortions are manifested in sustained social impairment, speech abnormalities, and peculiar motor movements.Panic: A state of extreme acute, intense anxiety and unreasoning fear accompanied by disorganization of personality function.Psychosomatic Medicine: A system of medicine which aims at discovering the exact nature of the relationship between the emotions and bodily function, affirming the principle that the mind and body are one.Conduct Disorder: A repetitive and persistent pattern of behavior in which the basic rights of others or major age-appropriate societal norms or rules are violated. These behaviors include aggressive conduct that causes or threatens physical harm to other people or animals, nonaggressive conduct that causes property loss or damage, deceitfulness or theft, and serious violations of rules. The onset is before age 18. (From DSM-IV, 1994)Antimanic Agents: Agents that are used to treat bipolar disorders or mania associated with other affective disorders.Cycloserine: Antibiotic substance produced by Streptomyces garyphalus.Analysis of Variance: A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.Models, Psychological: Theoretical representations that simulate psychological processes and/or social processes. These include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Psychology, Clinical: The branch of psychology concerned with psychological methods of recognizing and treating behavior disorders.Benzodiazepines: A group of two-ring heterocyclic compounds consisting of a benzene ring fused to a diazepine ring.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Paroxetine: A serotonin uptake inhibitor that is effective in the treatment of depression.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Extinction, Psychological: The procedure of presenting the conditioned stimulus without REINFORCEMENT to an organism previously conditioned. It refers also to the diminution of a conditioned response resulting from this procedure.Facial Expression: Observable changes of expression in the face in response to emotional stimuli.Psychological Tests: Standardized tests designed to measure abilities, as in intelligence, aptitude, and achievement tests, or to evaluate personality traits.Alcohol-Related Disorders: Disorders related to or resulting from abuse or mis-use of alcohol.Internal-External Control: Personality construct referring to an individual's perception of the locus of events as determined internally by his or her own behavior versus fate, luck, or external forces. (ERIC Thesaurus, 1996).Grief: Normal, appropriate sorrowful response to an immediate cause. It is self-limiting and gradually subsides within a reasonable time.Social Behavior Disorders: Behaviors which are at variance with the expected social norm and which affect other individuals.Age of Onset: The age, developmental stage, or period of life at which a disease or the initial symptoms or manifestations of a disease appear in an individual.Autistic Disorder: A disorder beginning in childhood. It is marked by the presence of markedly abnormal or impaired development in social interaction and communication and a markedly restricted repertoire of activity and interest. Manifestations of the disorder vary greatly depending on the developmental level and chronological age of the individual. (DSM-V)Depression, Postpartum: Depression in POSTPARTUM WOMEN, usually within four weeks after giving birth (PARTURITION). The degree of depression ranges from mild transient depression to neurotic or psychotic depressive disorders. (From DSM-IV, p386)Personality: Behavior-response patterns that characterize the individual.Psychoanalytic Theory: Conceptual system developed by Freud and his followers in which unconscious motivations are considered to shape normal and abnormal personality development and behavior.Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic: Works about clinical trials that involve at least one test treatment and one control treatment, concurrent enrollment and follow-up of the test- and control-treated groups, and in which the treatments to be administered are selected by a random process, such as the use of a random-numbers table.Tic Disorders: Disorders characterized by recurrent TICS that may interfere with speech and other activities. Tics are sudden, rapid, nonrhythmic, stereotyped motor movements or vocalizations which may be exacerbated by stress and are generally attenuated during absorbing activities. Tic disorders are distinguished from conditions which feature other types of abnormal movements that may accompany another another condition. (From DSM-IV, 1994)Identification (Psychology): A process by which an individual unconsciously endeavors to pattern himself after another. This process is also important in the development of the personality, particularly the superego or conscience, which is modeled largely on the behavior of adult significant others.Chronic Disease: Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)Bulimia Nervosa: An eating disorder that is characterized by a cycle of binge eating (BULIMIA or bingeing) followed by inappropriate acts (purging) to avert weight gain. Purging methods often include self-induced VOMITING, use of LAXATIVES or DIURETICS, excessive exercise, and FASTING.Logistic Models: Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.Brain: The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.Behavior Control: Manipulation of the behavior of persons or animals by biomedical, physical, psychological, or social means, including for nontherapeutic reasons.Parents: Persons functioning as natural, adoptive, or substitute parents. The heading includes the concept of parenthood as well as preparation for becoming a parent.Sertraline: A selective serotonin uptake inhibitor that is used in the treatment of depression.Cognition Disorders: Disturbances in mental processes related to learning, thinking, reasoning, and judgment.Galvanic Skin Response: A change in electrical resistance of the skin, occurring in emotion and in certain other conditions.Clinical Protocols: Precise and detailed plans for the study of a medical or biomedical problem and/or plans for a regimen of therapy.Pilot Projects: Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.Suicide, Attempted: The unsuccessful attempt to kill oneself.Antipsychotic Agents: Agents that control agitated psychotic behavior, alleviate acute psychotic states, reduce psychotic symptoms, and exert a quieting effect. They are used in SCHIZOPHRENIA; senile dementia; transient psychosis following surgery; or MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION; etc. These drugs are often referred to as neuroleptics alluding to the tendency to produce neurological side effects, but not all antipsychotics are likely to produce such effects. Many of these drugs may also be effective against nausea, emesis, and pruritus.Sleep Disorders: Conditions characterized by disturbances of usual sleep patterns or behaviors. Sleep disorders may be divided into three major categories: DYSSOMNIAS (i.e. disorders characterized by insomnia or hypersomnia), PARASOMNIAS (abnormal sleep behaviors), and sleep disorders secondary to medical or psychiatric disorders. (From Thorpy, Sleep Disorders Medicine, 1994, p187)Case-Control Studies: Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.Netherlands: Country located in EUROPE. It is bordered by the NORTH SEA, BELGIUM, and GERMANY. Constituent areas are Aruba, Curacao, Sint Maarten, formerly included in the NETHERLANDS ANTILLES.Anorexia Nervosa: An eating disorder that is characterized by the lack or loss of APPETITE, known as ANOREXIA. Other features include excess fear of becoming OVERWEIGHT; BODY IMAGE disturbance; significant WEIGHT LOSS; refusal to maintain minimal normal weight; and AMENORRHEA. This disorder occurs most frequently in adolescent females. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 1994)Reproducibility of Results: The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.Outpatients: Persons who receive ambulatory care at an outpatient department or clinic without room and board being provided.Behavior, Animal: The observable response an animal makes to any situation.Binge-Eating Disorder: A disorder associated with three or more of the following: eating until feeling uncomfortably full; eating large amounts of food when not physically hungry; eating much more rapidly than normal; eating alone due to embarrassment; feeling of disgust, DEPRESSION, or guilt after overeating. Criteria includes occurrence on average, at least 2 days a week for 6 months. The binge eating is not associated with the regular use of inappropriate compensatory behavior (i.e. purging, excessive exercise, etc.) and does not co-occur exclusively with BULIMIA NERVOSA or ANOREXIA NERVOSA. (From DSM-IV, 1994)Self Report: Method for obtaining information through verbal responses, written or oral, from subjects.Schizophrenic Psychology: Study of mental processes and behavior of schizophrenics.Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.Evidence-Based Medicine: An approach of practicing medicine with the goal to improve and evaluate patient care. It requires the judicious integration of best research evidence with the patient's values to make decisions about medical care. This method is to help physicians make proper diagnosis, devise best testing plan, choose best treatment and methods of disease prevention, as well as develop guidelines for large groups of patients with the same disease. (from JAMA 296 (9), 2006)Child Abuse: Abuse of children in a family, institutional, or other setting. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 1994)Mothers: Female parents, human or animal.Exploratory Behavior: The tendency to explore or investigate a novel environment. It is considered a motivation not clearly distinguishable from curiosity.Combat Disorders: Neurotic reactions to unusual, severe, or overwhelming military stress.Socioeconomic Factors: Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.Psychotherapy, Multiple: The use of more than one therapist at one time in individual or group psychotherapy.Recurrence: The return of a sign, symptom, or disease after a remission.Behavioral Symptoms: Observable manifestations of impaired psychological functioning.Object Attachment: Emotional attachment to someone or something in the environment.Conditioning (Psychology): A general term referring to the learning of some particular response.Inhibition (Psychology): The interference with or prevention of a behavioral or verbal response even though the stimulus for that response is present; in psychoanalysis the unconscious restraining of an instinctual process.Research Design: A plan for collecting and utilizing data so that desired information can be obtained with sufficient precision or so that an hypothesis can be tested properly.Performance Anxiety: Anxiety related to the execution of a task. (Campbell's Psychiatric Dictionary, 9th ed.)Impulse Control Disorders: Disorders whose essential features are the failure to resist an impulse, drive, or temptation to perform an act that is harmful to the individual or to others. Individuals experience an increased sense of tension prior to the act and pleasure, gratification or release of tension at the time of committing the act.Extraversion (Psychology): A state in which attention is largely directed outward from the self.Social Support: Support systems that provide assistance and encouragement to individuals with physical or emotional disabilities in order that they may better cope. Informal social support is usually provided by friends, relatives, or peers, while formal assistance is provided by churches, groups, etc.Patient Acceptance of Health Care: The seeking and acceptance by patients of health service.Fluoxetine: The first highly specific serotonin uptake inhibitor. It is used as an antidepressant and often has a more acceptable side-effects profile than traditional antidepressants.Anger: A strong emotional feeling of displeasure aroused by being interfered with, injured or threatened.Patient Compliance: Voluntary cooperation of the patient in following a prescribed regimen.Maze Learning: Learning the correct route through a maze to obtain reinforcement. It is used for human or animal populations. (Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 6th ed)Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Mental Health: The state wherein the person is well adjusted.Mind-Body Therapies: Treatment methods or techniques which are based on the knowledge of mind and body interactions. These techniques can be used to reduce the feeling of tension and effect of stress, and to enhance the physiological and psychological well-being of an individual.Prefrontal Cortex: The rostral part of the frontal lobe, bounded by the inferior precentral fissure in humans, which receives projection fibers from the MEDIODORSAL NUCLEUS OF THE THALAMUS. The prefrontal cortex receives afferent fibers from numerous structures of the DIENCEPHALON; MESENCEPHALON; and LIMBIC SYSTEM as well as cortical afferents of visual, auditory, and somatic origin.Attention Deficit and Disruptive Behavior Disorders: Includes two similar disorders: oppositional defiant disorder and CONDUCT DISORDERS. Symptoms occurring in children with these disorders include: defiance of authority figures, angry outbursts, and other antisocial behaviors.Psychotherapy, Rational-Emotive: The replacement of illogical and unrealistic ideas with more realistic and adaptive ones through direct intervention and confrontation by the therapist.Outcome Assessment (Health Care): Research aimed at assessing the quality and effectiveness of health care as measured by the attainment of a specified end result or outcome. Measures include parameters such as improved health, lowered morbidity or mortality, and improvement of abnormal states (such as elevated blood pressure).Stress Disorders, Traumatic: Anxiety disorders manifested by the development of characteristic symptoms following a psychologically traumatic event that is outside the normal range of usual human experience. Symptoms include re-experiencing the traumatic event, increased arousal, and numbing of responsiveness to or reduced involvement with the external world. Traumatic stress disorders can be further classified by the time of onset and the duration of these symptoms.Self-Help Groups: Organizations which provide an environment encouraging social interactions through group activities or individual relationships especially for the purpose of rehabilitating or supporting patients, individuals with common health problems, or the elderly. They include therapeutic social clubs.Conversion Disorder: A disorder whose predominant feature is a loss or alteration in physical functioning that suggests a physical disorder but that is actually a direct expression of a psychological conflict or need.Paraphilias: Disorders that include recurrent, intense sexually arousing fantasies, sexual urges, or behaviors generally involving nonhuman objects, suffering of oneself or partners, or children or other nonconsenting partners. (from DSM-IV, 1994)Suggestion: The uncritical acceptance of an idea or plan of action.Geriatric Psychiatry: A subspecialty of psychiatry concerned with the mental health of the aged.Checklist: Aid for consistent recording of data such as tasks completed and observations noted.Ambulatory Care: Health care services provided to patients on an ambulatory basis, rather than by admission to a hospital or other health care facility. The services may be a part of a hospital, augmenting its inpatient services, or may be provided at a free-standing facility.Suicide: The act of killing oneself.Cyclohexanols: Monohydroxy derivatives of cyclohexanes that contain the general formula R-C6H11O. They have a camphorlike odor and are used in making soaps, insecticides, germicides, dry cleaning, and plasticizers.Hypnosis: A state of increased receptivity to suggestion and direction, initially induced by the influence of another person.Child Behavior Disorders: Disturbances considered to be pathological based on age and stage appropriateness, e.g., conduct disturbances and anaclitic depression. This concept does not include psychoneuroses, psychoses, or personality disorders with fixed patterns.Social Perception: The perceiving of attributes, characteristics, and behaviors of one's associates or social groups.Manuals as Topic: Books designed to give factual information or instructions.Cognition: Intellectual or mental process whereby an organism obtains knowledge.Attention: Focusing on certain aspects of current experience to the exclusion of others. It is the act of heeding or taking notice or concentrating.Adjustment Disorders: Maladaptive reactions to identifiable psychosocial stressors occurring within a short time after onset of the stressor. They are manifested by either impairment in social or occupational functioning or by symptoms (depression, anxiety, etc.) that are in excess of a normal and expected reaction to the stressor.Psychopharmacology: The study of the effects of drugs on mental and behavioral activity.Limbic System: A set of forebrain structures common to all mammals that is defined functionally and anatomically. It is implicated in the higher integration of visceral, olfactory, and somatic information as well as homeostatic responses including fundamental survival behaviors (feeding, mating, emotion). For most authors, it includes the AMYGDALA; EPITHALAMUS; GYRUS CINGULI; hippocampal formation (see HIPPOCAMPUS); HYPOTHALAMUS; PARAHIPPOCAMPAL GYRUS; SEPTAL NUCLEI; anterior nuclear group of thalamus, and portions of the basal ganglia. (Parent, Carpenter's Human Neuroanatomy, 9th ed, p744; NeuroNames, http://rprcsgi.rprc.washington.edu/neuronames/index.html (September 2, 1998)).
Jacka, Felice (2012). "Red Meat Consumption and Mood and Anxiety Disorders". Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics. 81 (3): 196-198 ... mood disorder) and for anxiety disorders in women.[16] Red meat is found to be protective against mood and anxiety disorders.[ ... Mood disorders[edit]. Main article: Mood disorder. Depression, chronic stress, bipolar disorder, etc. are considered mood ... Long term disturbances of mood such as clinical depression and bipolar disorder are considered mood disorders. Mood is an ...
... including mood and anxiety disorders such as major depressive disorder and generalized anxiety disorder, substance use and ... Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy. 2005a;12: 374-387. doi:10.1002/cpp.465. Strong DR, Lejuez CW, Daughters S, Marinello M, ... Development of a construct and measure relevant to panic disorder". Journal of Anxiety Disorders. 20 (3): 263-280. doi:10.1016/ ... Development of a construct and measure relevant to panic disorder". Journal of Anxiety Disorders. 20 (3): 263-280. doi:10.1016/ ...
Object relations theory and pharmacopsychotherapy of anxiety disorders. American Journal of Psychotherapy 48(3):380-391 • ... "The American Journal of Psychiatry" 146:12:1552-1560 "Object relations theory and pharmacopsychotherapy of anxiety disorders". ... In 1996, with the publication of The Self and the Ego in Psychotherapy, he added specific ego functions, including cognitions, ... He has published three books and numerous articles on psychotherapy. He has also authored articles about the medical ethical ...
"Object relations theory and pharmacopsychotherapy of anxiety disorders". American journal of psychotherapy. 48 (3): 380-391. ... The anxieties characteristic of the depressive position shift from a fear of being destroyed to a fear of destroying others. In ... The anxieties of the paranoid schizoid position are of a persecutory nature, fear of the ego's annihilation. Splitting allows ... Introjection of the good object is also used by the ego as a defense against anxiety. . . .The processes of splitting off parts ...
Barlow, David H. (2002). Anxiety and its Disorders: The Nature and Treatment of Anxiety and Panic. New York: Guilford Press.. ... Bruce, Timothy J.; Sanderson, William C. (1998). Specific Phobias: Clinical Applications of Evidence-Based Psychotherapy. ... Wiederhold, B. K. (2005). Virtual Reality Therapy for Anxiety Disorders: Advances in Evaluation and Treatment (1st ed.). ... Timothy O. Rentz of the Laboratory for the Study of Anxiety Disorders at the University of Texas, animal phobias are among the ...
Barlow, D. H. (1988). Anxiety and its Disorders. New York: Guilford Press. [page needed] Craighead, W. E.; Craighead, L. W.; ... Comprehensive Textbook of Psychotherapy. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 24-47. Greenberg, Leslie S.; Watson, Jeanne C ... Journal of Anxiety Disorders. 23 (2): 160-6. doi:10.1016/j.janxdis.2008.06.003. PMID 18657382. Forsyth, John P.; Parker, ... Not being a full participant in social gatherings due to attempts to regulate anxiety relating to how others are perceiving you ...
... substance abuse disorders, anxiety disorders collectively, bulimia, social phobia, borderline personality disorder, attention ... Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy. 14: 402-411. doi:10.1002/cpp.548. Heimberg R. G.; Dodge C. S.; Hope D. A.; Kennedy C. R ... Eifert, G. H., & Forsyth, J. P. (2005). Acceptance and commitment therapy for anxiety disorders: A practitioner's treatment ... Pull C.B. (2007). "Combined pharmacotherapy and cognitive- behavioural therapy for anxiety disorders". Current Opinion in ...
"Generalised anxiety disorder - NICE Pathways". pathways.nice.org.uk. NICE. Retrieved 13 April 2019.. ... supportive-expressive psychotherapy (SEP), family and systems interventions, and twelve-step programs.[4] ... Cannabis use disorder is recognized in the fifth version of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5),[ ... Cannabis use is associated with comorbid mental health problems, such as mood and anxiety disorders, and discontinuing cannabis ...
"Although I tried various therapies, including hypnosis for clients with anxiety disorders, I did not obtain results beyond the ... American Journal of Psychotherapy, 28: 208-221. Chang, SC. (2010). Psychotherapy and culture. Morita therapy: An illustration. ... Morita, Shoma (1998) (Kondo, Akihisa, trans., LeVine, Peg, ed.) Morita Therapy and the True Nature of Anxiety-Based Disorders. ... Morita therapy was developed to deal with what Morita defined as Shinkeishitsu-"anxiety-based disorders" involving a high ...
CS1 maint: Uses authors parameter (link) Reason and Emotion In Psychotherapy. NY: Lyle Stuart, 1962 Anxiety Disorders & Phobias ... commonly seen in psychological disorders like anxiety and psychosis. The technique consists of confronting the worst-case ... NY: Harper & Row, 1985 Theories of Psychotherapy & Counseling: Concepts and Cases. 5th Ed. CA: Brooks/Cole, 2012 Cognitive- ... "Cognitive emotion regulation in the prediction of depression, anxiety, stress, and anger". Personality and Individual ...
EPA-1025 - Integrative psychotherapy model of anxiety disorders Mykhaylov, B. et al. European Psychiatry, Volume 29, 1 http:// ... The term culture-bound syndrome was included in the fourth version of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders ... The fourth edition of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders classifies the below syndromes as culture-bound ... American Psychiatric Association (2000), Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th ed., text revision, ...
Computer-aided Psychotherapy (2007) ISBN 978-1-84169-679-9 Fears, Phobias, and Rituals: Panic, Anxiety, and Their Disorders ( ... Marks' research included the treatment of anxiety, phobic, obsessive-compulsive and sexual disorders; interactions between ... Living with Fear: Understanding and Coping with Anxiety (1978) ISBN 0-07-040396-1 Cure and Care of Neuroses (1988) ISBN 0-88048 ... to develop an innovative course for nurses in behavioural psychotherapy, which started in 1973. He became Honorary Consultant ...
2017). "Mindfulness in mood and anxiety disorders: a review of the literature". Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy. 39 (3 ... Mindfulness-based approaches have been tested for a range of health problems including anxiety disorder, mood disorder, ... What Is It? What does It Matter? In: Christopher K. Germer, Ronald D. Siegel, Paul R. Fulton, "Mindfulness and Psychotherapy", ... "Mindfulness-Based Interventions for People Diagnosed with a Current Episode of an Anxiety or Depressive Disorder: A Meta- ...
... version has also been used with children exhibiting anxiety symptoms who did not meet criteria for a diagnosed anxiety disorder ... Common Language for Psychotherapy Procedures. BoD - Books on Demand. p. 48. ISBN 978-88-86290-02-9. Eva Szigethy; John R. Weisz ... The program reduced the likelihood of children developing an anxiety disorder 6 months post-treatment. Camp Cope-A-Lot is an ... It was designed by Philip Kendall and colleagues at the Child and Adolescent Anxiety Disorders Clinic at Temple University. A ...
Is guided self-help as effective as face-to-face psychotherapy for depression and anxiety disorders? A meta-analysis of ... Computer therapy for the anxiety and depressive disorders is effective, acceptable and practical health care: a meta-analysis. ... A brief Internet-based treatment for panic disorder. Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy, 29, 113-117. Andersson, G. & ... Andersson is also active in research fields such as psychotherapy research and the psychology of religion. He is the editor-in- ...
"Is guided self-help as effective as face-to-face psychotherapy for depression and anxiety disorders? A systematic review and ... American Journal of Psychotherapy', 61, 149162. Bolitho, J. (2011). "Reading into wellbeing: Bibliotherapy, libraries, health ... Pardeck, J. T. (1991). "Using books in clinical practice". Psychotherapy in Private Practice. 9 (3): 105-119. Detrixhe, J. J. ( ... Research also supports bibliotherapy as an intervention for a wide array of psychological issues including emotional disorders ...
LSD, psilocybin, and MDMA-assisted psychotherapy for conditions such as depression,[18] anxiety, addiction, and post-traumatic ... stress disorder (PTSD);. *cannabis and cannabinoids in the treatment of brain cancer; ... "Implications for psychedelic-assisted psychotherapy: Functional magnetic resonance imaging study with psilocybin". British ...
"Panic-focused psychodynamic psychotherapy in a woman with panic disorder and generalized anxiety disorder". Harvard Review of ... and has conducted research around numerous psychiatric disorders including depression, anxiety and panic disorder. Peter Fonagy ... particularly in relation to autism spectrum disorders and change in response to psychotherapy. He is a member of the American ... "Childhood separation anxiety and the pathogenesis and treatment of adult anxiety". American Journal of Psychiatry. 171 (1): 34- ...
Psychotherapies for comorbid anxiety in bipolar spectrum disorders". Journal of Affective Disorders. 133 (3): 371-380. doi: ... "Journal of Affective Disorder. 4 (31): 281-294.. *↑ Schürhoff, F. (2000). „Early and late onset bipolar disorders: two ... Their relation with DIS/DSM-III-R affective and anxiety disorders". Eur Psychiatry. 15 (6): 343-347.. ... Davis, L., Barlow, D. H. og Smith, L. (2010). „Comorbidity and the treatment of principal anxiety disorders in a naturalistic ...
Is guided self-help as effective as face-to-face psychotherapy for depression and anxiety disorders? A systematic review and ... Counselling, Psychotherapy and Health, Vol. 2, No. 2, 2006, pp27-39. Naik, M. N. S., Effect of guided imagery on life style ... Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, Vol. 17, 2010, pp497-509. Campbell, L. F., and Smith, T. P., Integrating self-help into ... Holmes, E. A., and Mathews, A., Mental imagery in emotion and emotional disorders. Clinical Psychology Review, Vol. 30, No. 3, ...
... the first RCTs of psychiatric consultation to social agencies and of the utility of brief psychotherapy in anxiety disorders. ... drugs were inferior to placebo in the treatment of anxiety disorders, whereas stimulant drugs were effective in controlling ... The effectiveness of tranquilizing drugs plus supportive psychotherapy in treating behavior disorders of children. Am J ... Institute of Medicine NARSAD NIMH Physicians for Human Rights Separation anxiety disorder Randomized controlled trial ...
Klerman's expertise included depression, schizophrenia, and anxiety disorders. From 1966 to 1970 he was on faculty at Yale ... Interpersonal Psychotherapy of Depression (with Myrna M. Weissman, Bruce J. Rounsaville, and Eve S. Chevron), 1984. ... Klerman's second wife, Myrna Weissman, was his collaborator for his work in interpersonal psychotherapy. Following a long ... was an American psychiatrist and researcher whose work included the development of interpersonal psychotherapy, a short-term ...
Klitzing K von, White LO, Otto Y, Fuchs S, Egger HL, Klein AM: Depressive comorbidity in preschool anxiety disorder. J Child ... The parents of a child in psychotherapy are typically still very active in their lives. Even when children were being housed at ... work with the child with focused parent work has been shown to be effective especially in children with anxiety disorders and ... His legacy was continued by his daughter Anna Freud in her pursuit of psychotherapy and her fathers theories as applied to ...
Combined cognitive bias modification treatment for social anxiety disorder: a pilot trial. Depression and Anxiety, 2011. 28(11 ... Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy. 40 (5): 618-633. doi:10.1017/s1352465811000671. Amir, N.; Beard, C.; Burns, M.; Bomyea ... "Combined cognitive bias modification treatment for social anxiety disorder: a pilot trial". Depression and Anxiety. 28 (11): ... "Combined cognitive bias modification treatment for social anxiety disorder: a pilot trial". Depression and Anxiety. 28 (11): ...
Hypothesis Reveals a Genetic Predictor of Differential Response to Psychological Treatments for Child Anxiety Disorders". ... Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics. 85 (3): 146-158. doi:10.1159/000444023. ISSN 1423-0348. PMC 5079103 . PMID 27043157. Caspi, ... Though this method of research is still early, it is consistent with psychiatric disorders. As a result of the overlap of ... Some people carry genetic factors that confer susceptibility or resistance to a certain disorder in a particular environment. ...
Musculoskeletal disorders[edit]. Main article: Musculoskeletal disorders. Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) involve injury and ... and anxiety symptoms. The relation of adverse working conditions to psychological distress is thus an important avenue of ... Mental disorder[edit]. Main article: Mental disorder. Research has found that psychosocial workplace factors are among the risk ... Personality disorders[edit]. Main article: Personality disorder. Depending on the diagnosis, severity and individual, and the ...
In most cases, pediatric and adult separation anxiety disorder is treated with individual psychotherapy. During therapy, you ... What Is Separation Anxiety Disorder?. It is important to distinguish separation anxiety from separation anxiety disorder. ... Separation Anxiety Disorder. Separation anxiety disorder is a psychological problem in which fears of leaving your comfort zone ... What Causes Separation Anxiety Disorder?. Separation anxiety disorder is likely caused from a combination of environmental and ...
Erin Fado What Is Separation Anxiety Disorder in Adults? Psychotherapy What Is Separation Anxiety Disorder in Adults? ... PTSD Abandonment Anxiety Trauma Fighting for a Future You Will Bear Witness - EMDR - Eye Movement Desensitisation Reprocessing ... Complex Ptsd What Is Separation Anxiety Disorder in Adults? ... Similar to other anxiety disorders, adult separation anxiety ... If separation anxiety continues into adulthood, youll be diagnosed with adult separation anxiety disorder. Symptoms of anxiety ...
F. The preoccupation is not better accounted for by Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder, Panic Disorder ... Current research makes clear that this excessive worry can be helped by either appropriate medicine or targeted psychotherapy. ... Among relatives of people suffering from hypochondriasis only somatization disorder and generalized anxiety disorder were more ... pain disorder, and undifferentiated somatoform disorder under a single classification known as complex somatic symptom disorder ...
While antidepressants are the most commonly used treatment for social anxiety disorder, cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is ... Psychotherapy Beats Medication for Social Anxiety Disorder. By Janice Wood Associate News Editor ... Wood, J. (2018). Psychotherapy Beats Medication for Social Anxiety Disorder. Psych Central. Retrieved on June 25, 2019, from ... Psychotherapy Beats Medication for Social Anxiety Disorder. .jp-relatedposts-post-title h4{font-size:150important}. Related ...
... question a team of Canadian psychological scientists set out to investigate in patients suffering from social anxiety disorder ... When psychotherapy is helping someone get better, what does that change look like in the brain? This was the ... Does social anxiety disorder respond to psychotherapy? Brain study says yes. February 14, 2011. ScienceBlog.com ... 1 thought on "Does social anxiety disorder respond to psychotherapy? Brain study says yes". *. Dr. Craig April. ...
Telephone Psychotherapy for Late-Life Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD). The safety and scientific validity of this study is ... Telephone Psychotherapy for Late-Life Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD). Official Title ICMJE A Randomized Controlled Trial ( ... Generalized Anxiety Disorder. Intervention ICMJE *Behavioral: cognitive behavioral therapy weekly individual psychotherapy by ... Telephone-delivered psychotherapy for rural-dwelling older adults with generalized anxiety disorder: study protocol of a ...
Panic Disorder, PTSD, Social Anxiety Disorder, Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD), Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD), ... Phobic Disorders. Phobia, Social. Disease. Anxiety Disorders. Depressive Disorder. Depression. Depressive Disorder, Major. ... Major Depressive Disorder Persistent Depressive Disorder Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Panic Disorder Social Phobia Specific ... Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder. Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic. Panic Disorder. Pathologic Processes. Mental Disorders. Mood ...
When psychotherapy is helping someone get better, what does that change look like in the brain? This was the question a team of ... Does Social Anxiety Disorder Respond to Psychotherapy? Brain Study Says Yes. Leave a Comment Cancel reply. Your email address ... Does Social Anxiety Disorder Respond to Psychotherapy? Brain Study Says Yes. February 14, 2011 ... Medication and psychotherapy both help people with the disorder. But research on the neurological effects of psychotherapy has ...
CRITICAL REVIEW OF OUTCOME RESEARCH ON INTERPERSONAL PSYCHOTHERAPY FOR ANXIETY DISORDERS. Authors. *. John C. Markowitz M.D.,. ... A literature search identified six open and five controlled trials of IPT for social anxiety disorder (SAD), panic disorder, ... Anxiety Disorders Clinic, Division of Clinical Therapeutics, New York State Psychiatric Institute, New York, New York ... Interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT) has demonstrated efficacy in treating mood and eating disorders. This article critically ...
The optimal treatment for Social Phobia/Social Anxiety Disorder (SP/SAD) remains an open question despite the existence of a ... NIMH (2014) Social Anxiety Disorder. http://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/topics/anxiety-disorders/index.shtml. Accessed November 10 ... The Psychodynamics of Performance Anxiety: Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy in the Treatment of Social Phobia/Social Anxiety ... Psychodynamic psychotherapy versus cognitive behavior therapy for social anxiety disorder: An efficacy and partial ...
Background Bona fide psychotherapy approaches are effective treatments for generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) compared to no- ... Emotion regulation deficits in generalized anxiety disorder, social anxiety disorder, and their co-occurrence. J Anxiety Disor ... Bona fide psychotherapy approaches are effective treatments for generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) compared to no-treatment ... How to customize a bona fide psychotherapy for generalized anxiety disorder? A two-arms, patient blinded, ABAB crossed- ...
Many patients with anxiety disorders experience physical symptoms related to anxiety and subsequently visit their primary care ... Psychotherapy for Anxiety and Panic Disorders. Cognitive and behavioral psychotherapy can be used alone or in addition to ... Anxiety Disorders) and Anxiety Disorders What to Read Next on Medscape. Related Conditions and Diseases. * Anxiety Disorders ... Anxiety. Age of onset for anxiety disorders based on specific anxiety disorder type. ...
... anxiety disorders, depressive disorders, dysthymia, meta-analysis, obsessive-compulsive disorder, psychotherapy National ... 32 on depressive disorders and 21 on anxiety disorders (one on both depressive and anxiety disorders). The overall difference ... Adding psychotherapy to antidepressant medication in depression and anxiety disorders: a meta-analysis. Cuijpers, Pim VU ... compared to the effects of combined pharmacotherapy and psychotherapy in adults with a diagnosed depressive or anxiety disorder ...
In-Albon T, Schneider S: Psychotherapy of childhood anxiety disorder. Psychother Psychosom 2007;76:15-24. External Resources * ... Lifetime comorbiditiy among anxiety disorders and between anxiety disorders and other mental disorders in adolescents. J ... Lifetime comorbiditiy among anxiety disorders and between anxiety disorders and other mental disorders in adolescents. J ... Anxiety Disorders. We also identified 25 other, similarly heterogeneous studies of juvenile cases of anxiety-related disorders ...
Tags: anxiety, cbt, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Short-term psychodynamic psychotherapy. Share this entry. *Share on Facebook ... Generalized Anxiety Disorder Benefited More by CBT than by Short-term Psychodynamic Psychotherapy August 11, 2009. /1 Comment/ ... You are here: Home / Generalized Anxiety Disorder Benefited More by CBT than by Short-term Psychodynamic Psychotherapy / Blog / ... 51Generalized Anxiety Disorder Benefited More by CBT than by Short-term Psychodynamic Psychotherapy. ...
... for social anxiety disorder (SAD) was compared to group psychotherapy (GPT), a credible, structurally equivalent control ... COGNITIVE-BEHAVIORAL GROUP THERAPY VERSUS GROUP PSYCHOTHERAPY FOR SOCIAL ANXIETY DISORDER AMONG COLLEGE STUDENTS: A RANDOMIZED ... for social anxiety disorder (SAD) was compared to group psychotherapy (GPT), a credible, structurally equivalent control ... and the Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale (LSAS).Results:Both treatments were found to be equally credible. There were five ...
Economic Evaluations of Commonly Used Structured Psychotherapies for Major Depressive Disorder and Generalized Anxiety Disorder ... structured psychotherapies recommended for the management of adult major depressive disorder (MDD) and generalized anxiety ... In conclusion, the quality of economic analyses examining structured psychotherapies is good. Face-to-face CBT represents good ... and cost-effectiveness of economic evaluations that examined these two thoroughly researched psychotherapies. Economic studies ...
With ,a href="/topics/social-anxiety-disorder" track_data="{ ... severe social anxiety disorder and generalized anxiety disorder ... What is a good medication for severe social anxiety disorder and generalized anxiety disorder (gad)? ... Was on psychotherapy but didnt work What to do? * Just got prescribed Sertraline for my anxiety disorders. I feel very ... Was on psychotherapy but didnt work What to do? * Just got prescribed Sertraline for my anxiety disorders. I feel very ...
Regarding response rates and Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale scores, CT performed significantly better than did IPT, and both ... The secondary outcome measures were independent assessor ratings using the Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale, the Hamilton Rating ... Interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT) aims to change problematic interpersonal behavior patterns that may have an important role in ... and better outcomes on the Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale. No significant treatment × site interactions were noted. CONCLUSIONS ...
Newman, M. G. (2000). Recommendations for a cost-offset model of psychotherapy allocation using generalized anxiety disorder as ... Recommendations for a cost-offset model of psychotherapy allocation using generalized anxiety disorder as an example. In: ... Newman, MG 2000, Recommendations for a cost-offset model of psychotherapy allocation using generalized anxiety disorder as an ... Recommendations for a cost-offset model of psychotherapy allocation using generalized anxiety disorder as an example. / Newman ...
It is hypothesized that CBT-T will be superior to NST-T in reducing anxiety and worry among older adults with GAD. Further, CBT ... If this program is successful, it could be implemented as a low-cost program to treat late-life anxiety, especially in rural ... Cognitive behavioral therapy has demonstrated efficacy in reducing anxiety and worry in older adults, but the generalizability ... The primary outcomes are self-report worry and clinician-rated anxiety. Secondary outcomes include depressive symptoms, sleep, ...
Read Online or Download Social Anxiety Disorder (Advances in Psychotherapy: Evidence-Based Practice) (Advances in Psychotherapy ... Additional info for Social Anxiety Disorder (Advances in Psychotherapy: Evidence-Based Practice) (Advances in Psychotherapy - ... Download Social Anxiety Disorder (Advances in Psychotherapy: by Martin M. Antony,Karen Rowa PDF. Posted on November 17, 2017. ... Download Social Anxiety Disorder (Advances in Psychotherapy: by Martin M. Antony,Karen Rowa PDF. ...
"Cognitive behavioral psychotherapy for generalized anxiety disorder: A primer",. abstract = "Generalized anxiety disorder is a ... Cognitive behavioral psychotherapy for generalized anxiety disorder : A primer. / Erickson, Thane M.; Newman, Michelle Gayle. ... Cognitive behavioral psychotherapy for generalized anxiety disorder: A primer. Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics. 2005 Mar 1;5 ... Erickson, T. M., & Newman, M. G. (2005). Cognitive behavioral psychotherapy for generalized anxiety disorder: A primer. Expert ...
Depression and anxiety are widespread today, and appear in peoples lives in many different forms. Good psychotherapy for ... Anxiety. …is a huge issue in our time, which W.H. Auden labelled "the Age of Anxiety". We live with a great deal of uncertainty ... Tolerable anxiety differs greatly from disruptive experiences like panic attacks and acute social anxiety. Everyone experiences ... Often, only understanding ourselves starts to create the room to move beyond anxiety. Depression and anxiety counselling with a ...
Douglas Schooler, Boca Raton psychologist,boca raton counselor,specializing in anxiety, depression,rage,anger,addictions, ...
  • To diagnose this condition, your doctor will conduct a comprehensive examination and use the criteria outlined in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fifth edition (DSM-V). According to the DSM-V, one of the first signs is excessive fear or anxiety about being separated from people you're close to. (youwillbearwitness.com)
  • Such responses may reflect unrecognized bipolar disorder (BPD), especially among young persons who have not previously become manic or hypomanic spontaneously. (karger.com)
  • Comorbid anxiety disorders are highly prevalent in bipolar disorder and have been shown to have serious negative impacts on the course of illness. (ulaval.ca)
  • Meta-analysis and comparison with bipolar disorder. (medscape.com)