Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic: A class of traumatic stress disorders with symptoms that last more than one month. There are various forms of post-traumatic stress disorder, depending on the time of onset and the duration of these stress symptoms. In the acute form, the duration of the symptoms is between 1 to 3 months. In the chronic form, symptoms last more than 3 months. With delayed onset, symptoms develop more than 6 months after the traumatic event.Anxiety: Feeling or emotion of dread, apprehension, and impending disaster but not disabling as with ANXIETY DISORDERS.Daphnia: A diverse genus of minute freshwater CRUSTACEA, of the suborder CLADOCERA. They are a major food source for both young and adult freshwater fish.Stress Disorders, Traumatic, Acute: A class of traumatic stress disorders that is characterized by the significant dissociative states seen immediately after overwhelming trauma. By definition it cannot last longer than 1 month, if it persists, a diagnosis of post-traumatic stress disorder (STRESS DISORDERS, POST-TRAUMATIC) is more appropriate.Combat Disorders: Neurotic reactions to unusual, severe, or overwhelming military stress.Veterans: Former members of the armed services.War: Hostile conflict between organized groups of people.Mental Disorders: Psychiatric illness or diseases manifested by breakdowns in the adaptational process expressed primarily as abnormalities of thought, feeling, and behavior producing either distress or impairment of function.Life Change Events: Those occurrences, including social, psychological, and environmental, which require an adjustment or effect a change in an individual's pattern of living.Psychiatric Status Rating Scales: Standardized procedures utilizing rating scales or interview schedules carried out by health personnel for evaluating the degree of mental illness.Dissociative Disorders: Sudden temporary alterations in the normally integrative functions of consciousness.Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders: Categorical classification of MENTAL DISORDERS based on criteria sets with defining features. It is produced by the American Psychiatric Association. (DSM-IV, page xxii)Phobic Disorders: Anxiety disorders in which the essential feature is persistent and irrational fear of a specific object, activity, or situation that the individual feels compelled to avoid. The individual recognizes the fear as excessive or unreasonable.Mood Disorders: Those disorders that have a disturbance in mood as their predominant feature.Stress Disorders, Traumatic: Anxiety disorders manifested by the development of characteristic symptoms following a psychologically traumatic event that is outside the normal range of usual human experience. Symptoms include re-experiencing the traumatic event, increased arousal, and numbing of responsiveness to or reduced involvement with the external world. Traumatic stress disorders can be further classified by the time of onset and the duration of these symptoms.Depressive Disorder: An affective disorder manifested by either a dysphoric mood or loss of interest or pleasure in usual activities. The mood disturbance is prominent and relatively persistent.Bipolar Disorder: A major affective disorder marked by severe mood swings (manic or major depressive episodes) and a tendency to remission and recurrence.Vietnam Conflict: A conflict occurring from 1954 through 1975 within the Republic of Vietnam. It involved neighboring nations and the United States and other members of the Southeast Asia Treaty Organization.Depression: Depressive states usually of moderate intensity in contrast with major depression present in neurotic and psychotic disorders.Depressive Disorder, Major: Marked depression appearing in the involution period and characterized by hallucinations, delusions, paranoia, and agitation.Iraq War, 2003-2011: An armed intervention involving multi-national forces in the country of IRAQ.Fear: The affective response to an actual current external danger which subsides with the elimination of the threatening condition.Stress, Psychological: Stress wherein emotional factors predominate.Implosive Therapy: A method for extinguishing anxiety by a saturation exposure to the feared stimulus situation or its substitute.Comorbidity: The presence of co-existing or additional diseases with reference to an initial diagnosis or with reference to the index condition that is the subject of study. Comorbidity may affect the ability of affected individuals to function and also their survival; it may be used as a prognostic indicator for length of hospital stay, cost factors, and outcome or survival.Dental Anxiety: Abnormal fear or dread of visiting the dentist for preventive care or therapy and unwarranted anxiety over dental procedures.Afghan Campaign 2001-: Multinational coalition military operation initiated in October 2001 to counter terrorism and bring security to AFGHANISTAN in collaboration with Afghan forces.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Military Personnel: Persons including soldiers involved with the armed forces.Panic Disorder: A type of anxiety disorder characterized by unexpected panic attacks that last minutes or, rarely, hours. Panic attacks begin with intense apprehension, fear or terror and, often, a feeling of impending doom. Symptoms experienced during a panic attack include dyspnea or sensations of being smothered; dizziness, loss of balance or faintness; choking sensations; palpitations or accelerated heart rate; shakiness; sweating; nausea or other form of abdominal distress; depersonalization or derealization; paresthesias; hot flashes or chills; chest discomfort or pain; fear of dying and fear of not being in control of oneself or going crazy. Agoraphobia may also develop. Similar to other anxiety disorders, it may be inherited as an autosomal dominant trait.Manifest Anxiety Scale: True-false questionnaire made up of items believed to indicate anxiety, in which the subject answers verbally the statement that describes him.Anxiety, Separation: Anxiety experienced by an individual upon separation from a person or object of particular significance to the individual.Bosnia-Herzegovina: A country of eastern Europe, formerly the province of Bosnia in Yugoslavia, uniting with the province of Herzegovina to form the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina in 1946. It was created 7 April 1992 as a result of the division of Yugoslavia and recognized by the United States as an independent state. Bosnia takes is name from the river Bosna, in turn from the Indoeuropean root bhog, "current"; Herzegovina is from the Serbian herceg (duke) + -ov (the possessive) + -ina (country or territory).September 11 Terrorist Attacks: Terrorism on September 11, 2001 against targets in New York, the Pentagon in Virginia, and an aborted attack that ended in Pennsylvania.Rape: Unlawful sexual intercourse without consent of the victim.Terrorism: The use or threatened use of force or violence against persons or property in violation of criminal laws for purposes of intimidation, coercion, or ransom, in support of political or social objectives.Cognitive Therapy: A direct form of psychotherapy based on the interpretation of situations (cognitive structure of experiences) that determine how an individual feels and behaves. It is based on the premise that cognition, the process of acquiring knowledge and forming beliefs, is a primary determinant of mood and behavior. The therapy uses behavioral and verbal techniques to identify and correct negative thinking that is at the root of the aberrant behavior.Personality Inventory: Check list, usually to be filled out by a person about himself, consisting of many statements about personal characteristics which the subject checks.Violence: Individual or group aggressive behavior which is socially non-acceptable, turbulent, and often destructive. It is precipitated by frustrations, hostility, prejudices, etc.Interview, Psychological: A directed conversation aimed at eliciting information for psychiatric diagnosis, evaluation, treatment planning, etc. The interview may be conducted by a social worker or psychologist.Otorhinolaryngologic Diseases: Pathological processes of the ear, the nose, and the throat, also known as the ENT diseases.Disasters: Calamities producing great damage, loss of life, and distress. They include results of natural phenomena and man-made phenomena. Normal conditions of existence are disrupted and the level of impact exceeds the capacity of the hazard-affected community.Substance-Related Disorders: Disorders related to substance abuse.Child Abuse, Sexual: Sexual maltreatment of the child or minor.Refugees: Persons fleeing to a place of safety, especially those who flee to a foreign country or power to escape danger or persecution in their own country or habitual residence because of race, religion, or political belief. (Webster, 3d ed)Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Severity of Illness Index: Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.IraqAdaptation, Psychological: A state of harmony between internal needs and external demands and the processes used in achieving this condition. (From APA Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)Sex Offenses: Any violation of established legal or moral codes in respect to sexual behavior.Anti-Anxiety Agents: Agents that alleviate ANXIETY, tension, and ANXIETY DISORDERS, promote sedation, and have a calming effect without affecting clarity of consciousness or neurologic conditions. ADRENERGIC BETA-ANTAGONISTS are commonly used in the symptomatic treatment of anxiety but are not included here.Cyclonic Storms: Non-frontal low-pressure systems over tropical or sub-tropical waters with organized convection and definite pattern of surface wind circulation.Emotions: Those affective states which can be experienced and have arousing and motivational properties.Earthquakes: Sudden slips on a fault, and the resulting ground shaking and radiated seismic energy caused by the slips, or by volcanic or magmatic activity, or other sudden stress changes in the earth. Faults are fractures along which the blocks of EARTH crust on either side have moved relative to one another parallel to the fracture.Test Anxiety Scale: A self-reporting test consisting of items concerning fear and worry about taking tests and physiological activity, such as heart rate, sweating, etc., before, during, and after tests.Wounds and Injuries: Damage inflicted on the body as the direct or indirect result of an external force, with or without disruption of structural continuity.Amygdala: Almond-shaped group of basal nuclei anterior to the INFERIOR HORN OF THE LATERAL VENTRICLE of the TEMPORAL LOBE. The amygdala is part of the limbic system.Resilience, Psychological: The human ability to adapt in the face of tragedy, trauma, adversity, hardship, and ongoing significant life stressors.Crime Victims: Individuals subjected to and adversely affected by criminal activity. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 1994)Psychometrics: Assessment of psychological variables by the application of mathematical procedures.Psychotherapy: A generic term for the treatment of mental illness or emotional disturbances primarily by verbal or nonverbal communication.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Somatoform Disorders: Disorders having the presence of physical symptoms that suggest a general medical condition but that are not fully explained by a another medical condition, by the direct effects of a substance, or by another mental disorder. The symptoms must cause clinically significant distress or impairment in social, occupational, or other areas of functioning. In contrast to FACTITIOUS DISORDERS and MALINGERING, the physical symptoms are not under voluntary control. (APA, DSM-V)Startle Reaction: A complex involuntary response to an unexpected strong stimulus usually auditory in nature.Child Abuse: Abuse of children in a family, institutional, or other setting. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 1994)Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity: A behavior disorder originating in childhood in which the essential features are signs of developmentally inappropriate inattention, impulsivity, and hyperactivity. Although most individuals have symptoms of both inattention and hyperactivity-impulsivity, one or the other pattern may be predominant. The disorder is more frequent in males than females. Onset is in childhood. Symptoms often attenuate during late adolescence although a minority experience the full complement of symptoms into mid-adulthood. (From DSM-V)AfghanistanObsessive-Compulsive Disorder: An anxiety disorder characterized by recurrent, persistent obsessions or compulsions. Obsessions are the intrusive ideas, thoughts, or images that are experienced as senseless or repugnant. Compulsions are repetitive and seemingly purposeful behavior which the individual generally recognizes as senseless and from which the individual does not derive pleasure although it may provide a release from tension.Psychotic Disorders: Disorders in which there is a loss of ego boundaries or a gross impairment in reality testing with delusions or prominent hallucinations. (From DSM-IV, 1994)Torture: The intentional infliction of physical or mental suffering upon an individual or individuals, including the torture of animals.Borderline Personality Disorder: A personality disorder marked by a pattern of instability of interpersonal relationships, self-image, and affects, and marked impulsivity beginning by early adulthood and present in a variety of contexts. (DSM-IV)Adult Survivors of Child Abuse: Persons who were child victims of violence and abuse including physical, sexual, or emotional maltreatment.Arousal: Cortical vigilance or readiness of tone, presumed to be in response to sensory stimulation via the reticular activating system.Survivors: Persons who have experienced a prolonged survival after serious disease or who continue to live with a usually life-threatening condition as well as family members, significant others, or individuals surviving traumatic life events.Mental Health: The state wherein the person is well adjusted.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Alcoholism: A primary, chronic disease with genetic, psychosocial, and environmental factors influencing its development and manifestations. The disease is often progressive and fatal. It is characterized by impaired control over drinking, preoccupation with the drug alcohol, use of alcohol despite adverse consequences, and distortions in thinking, most notably denial. Each of these symptoms may be continuous or periodic. (Morse & Flavin for the Joint Commission of the National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence and the American Society of Addiction Medicine to Study the Definition and Criteria for the Diagnosis of Alcoholism: in JAMA 1992;268:1012-4)Agoraphobia: Obsessive, persistent, intense fear of open places.United StatesAnalysis of Variance: A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.Defense Mechanisms: Unconscious process used by an individual or a group of individuals in order to cope with impulses, feelings or ideas which are not acceptable at their conscious level; various types include reaction formation, projection and self reversal.Sleep Disorders: Conditions characterized by disturbances of usual sleep patterns or behaviors. Sleep disorders may be divided into three major categories: DYSSOMNIAS (i.e. disorders characterized by insomnia or hypersomnia), PARASOMNIAS (abnormal sleep behaviors), and sleep disorders secondary to medical or psychiatric disorders. (From Thorpy, Sleep Disorders Medicine, 1994, p187)Affect: The feeling-tone accompaniment of an idea or mental representation. It is the most direct psychic derivative of instinct and the psychic representative of the various bodily changes by means of which instincts manifest themselves.Personality Assessment: The determination and evaluation of personality attributes by interviews, observations, tests, or scales. Articles concerning personality measurement are considered to be within scope of this term.Psychological Tests: Standardized tests designed to measure abilities, as in intelligence, aptitude, and achievement tests, or to evaluate personality traits.Emergency Responders: Personnel trained to provide the initial services, care, and support in EMERGENCIES or DISASTERS.Models, Psychological: Theoretical representations that simulate psychological processes and/or social processes. These include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Eye Movement Desensitization Reprocessing: A technique that induces the processing of disturbing memories and experiences, by stimulating neural mechanisms that are similar to those activated during REM sleep. The technique consists of eye movements following side-to-side movements of the index and middle fingers, or the alternate tapping of the hands on the knees. This procedure triggers the processing of information, thus facilitating the connection of neural networks.Galvanic Skin Response: A change in electrical resistance of the skin, occurring in emotion and in certain other conditions.Conduct Disorder: A repetitive and persistent pattern of behavior in which the basic rights of others or major age-appropriate societal norms or rules are violated. These behaviors include aggressive conduct that causes or threatens physical harm to other people or animals, nonaggressive conduct that causes property loss or damage, deceitfulness or theft, and serious violations of rules. The onset is before age 18. (From DSM-IV, 1994)Dreams: A series of thoughts, images, or emotions occurring during sleep which are dissociated from the usual stream of consciousness of the waking state.Longitudinal Studies: Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.Autistic Disorder: A disorder beginning in childhood. It is marked by the presence of markedly abnormal or impaired development in social interaction and communication and a markedly restricted repertoire of activity and interest. Manifestations of the disorder vary greatly depending on the developmental level and chronological age of the individual. (DSM-V)Adjustment Disorders: Maladaptive reactions to identifiable psychosocial stressors occurring within a short time after onset of the stressor. They are manifested by either impairment in social or occupational functioning or by symptoms (depression, anxiety, etc.) that are in excess of a normal and expected reaction to the stressor.Balkan Peninsula: A peninsula in Southeast EUROPE between the Adriatic and Ionian seas on the West and Aegean and Black Seas on the East. (from www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/balkan%20peninsula)Health Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.Antidepressive Agents: Mood-stimulating drugs used primarily in the treatment of affective disorders and related conditions. Several MONOAMINE OXIDASE INHIBITORS are useful as antidepressants apparently as a long-term consequence of their modulation of catecholamine levels. The tricyclic compounds useful as antidepressive agents (ANTIDEPRESSIVE AGENTS, TRICYCLIC) also appear to act through brain catecholamine systems. A third group (ANTIDEPRESSIVE AGENTS, SECOND-GENERATION) is a diverse group of drugs including some that act specifically on serotonergic systems.Interpersonal Relations: The reciprocal interaction of two or more persons.Child Development Disorders, Pervasive: Severe distortions in the development of many basic psychological functions that are not normal for any stage in development. These distortions are manifested in sustained social impairment, speech abnormalities, and peculiar motor movements.Veterans Disability Claims: Disorders claimed as a result of military service.Serotonin Uptake Inhibitors: Compounds that specifically inhibit the reuptake of serotonin in the brain.Brain: The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.United States Department of Veterans Affairs: A cabinet department in the Executive Branch of the United States Government concerned with overall planning, promoting, and administering programs pertaining to VETERANS. It was established March 15, 1989 as a Cabinet-level position.Police: Agents of the law charged with the responsibility of maintaining and enforcing law and order among the citizenry.Military Psychiatry: Branch of psychiatry concerned with problems related to the prevention, diagnosis, etiology, and treatment of mental or emotional disorders of Armed Forces personnel.Quality of Life: A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.Grief: Normal, appropriate sorrowful response to an immediate cause. It is self-limiting and gradually subsides within a reasonable time.Cognition Disorders: Disturbances in mental processes related to learning, thinking, reasoning, and judgment.Case-Control Studies: Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.Psychotropic Drugs: A loosely defined grouping of drugs that have effects on psychological function. Here the psychotropic agents include the antidepressive agents, hallucinogens, and tranquilizing agents (including the antipsychotics and anti-anxiety agents).Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.Diagnosis, Dual (Psychiatry): The co-existence of a substance abuse disorder with a psychiatric disorder. The diagnostic principle is based on the fact that it has been found often that chemically dependent patients also have psychiatric problems of various degrees of severity.Yugoslavia: Created as the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes in 1918. Yugoslavia became the official name in 1929. BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA; CROATIA; and SLOVENIA formed independent countries 7 April 1992. Macedonia became independent 8 February 1994 as the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (MACEDONIA REPUBLIC).Suicidal Ideation: A risk factor for suicide attempts and completions, it is the most common of all suicidal behavior, but only a minority of ideators engage in overt self-harm.Checklist: Aid for consistent recording of data such as tasks completed and observations noted.Performance Anxiety: Anxiety related to the execution of a task. (Campbell's Psychiatric Dictionary, 9th ed.)Extinction, Psychological: The procedure of presenting the conditioned stimulus without REINFORCEMENT to an organism previously conditioned. It refers also to the diminution of a conditioned response resulting from this procedure.Military Medicine: The practice of medicine as applied to special circumstances associated with military operations.Epilepsy, Post-Traumatic: Recurrent seizures causally related to CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA. Seizure onset may be immediate but is typically delayed for several days after the injury and may not occur for up to two years. The majority of seizures have a focal onset that correlates clinically with the site of brain injury. Cerebral cortex injuries caused by a penetrating foreign object (CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA, PENETRATING) are more likely than closed head injuries (HEAD INJURIES, CLOSED) to be associated with epilepsy. Concussive convulsions are nonepileptic phenomena that occur immediately after head injury and are characterized by tonic and clonic movements. (From Rev Neurol 1998 Feb;26(150):256-261; Sports Med 1998 Feb;25(2):131-6)Alcohol-Related Disorders: Disorders related to or resulting from abuse or mis-use of alcohol.Diseases in Twins: Disorders affecting TWINS, one or both, at any age.Logistic Models: Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.Neurodermatitis: An extremely variable eczematous skin disease that is presumed to be a response to prolonged vigorous scratching, rubbing, or pinching to relieve intense pruritus. It varies in intensity, severity, course, and morphologic expression in different individuals. Neurodermatitis is believed by some to be psychogenic. The circumscribed or localized form is often referred to as lichen simplex chronicus.Neuropsychological Tests: Tests designed to assess neurological function associated with certain behaviors. They are used in diagnosing brain dysfunction or damage and central nervous system disorders or injury.Psychophysiologic Disorders: A group of disorders characterized by physical symptoms that are affected by emotional factors and involve a single organ system, usually under AUTONOMIC NERVOUS SYSTEM control. (American Psychiatric Glossary, 1988)Veterans Health: The concept covering the physical and mental conditions of VETERANS.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Mental Recall: The process whereby a representation of past experience is elicited.Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Psychotherapy, Group: A form of therapy in which two or more patients participate under the guidance of one or more psychotherapists for the purpose of treating emotional disturbances, social maladjustments, and psychotic states.Hydrocortisone: The main glucocorticoid secreted by the ADRENAL CORTEX. Its synthetic counterpart is used, either as an injection or topically, in the treatment of inflammation, allergy, collagen diseases, asthma, adrenocortical deficiency, shock, and some neoplastic conditions.Tic Disorders: Disorders characterized by recurrent TICS that may interfere with speech and other activities. Tics are sudden, rapid, nonrhythmic, stereotyped motor movements or vocalizations which may be exacerbated by stress and are generally attenuated during absorbing activities. Tic disorders are distinguished from conditions which feature other types of abnormal movements that may accompany another another condition. (From DSM-IV, 1994)Anger: A strong emotional feeling of displeasure aroused by being interfered with, injured or threatened.Aggression: Behavior which may be manifested by destructive and attacking action which is verbal or physical, by covert attitudes of hostility or by obstructionism.Psychopathology: The study of significant causes and processes in the development of mental illness.Spouse Abuse: Deliberate severe and repeated injury to one domestic partner by the other.Crisis Intervention: Brief therapeutic approach which is ameliorative rather than curative of acute psychiatric emergencies. Used in contexts such as emergency rooms of psychiatric or general hospitals, or in the home or place of crisis occurrence, this treatment approach focuses on interpersonal and intrapsychic factors and environmental modification. (APA Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 7th ed)Temperament: Predisposition to react to one's environment in a certain way; usually refers to mood changes.Battered Women: Women who are physically and mentally abused over an extended period, usually by a husband or other dominant male figure. Characteristics of the battered woman syndrome are helplessness, constant fear, and a perceived inability to escape. (From American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 3d ed)Self Report: Method for obtaining information through verbal responses, written or oral, from subjects.Behavior, Animal: The observable response an animal makes to any situation.Sertraline: A selective serotonin uptake inhibitor that is used in the treatment of depression.Social Adjustment: Adaptation of the person to the social environment. Adjustment may take place by adapting the self to the environment or by changing the environment. (From Campbell, Psychiatric Dictionary, 1996)Guilt: Subjective feeling of having committed an error, offense or sin; unpleasant feeling of self-criticism. These result from acts, impulses, or thoughts contrary to one's personal conscience.Gyrus Cinguli: One of the convolutions on the medial surface of the CEREBRAL HEMISPHERES. It surrounds the rostral part of the brain and CORPUS CALLOSUM and forms part of the LIMBIC SYSTEM.Memory: Complex mental function having four distinct phases: (1) memorizing or learning, (2) retention, (3) recall, and (4) recognition. Clinically, it is usually subdivided into immediate, recent, and remote memory.MMPI: A personality inventory consisting of statements to be asserted or denied by the individual. The patterns of response are characteristic of certain personality attributes.Gulf War: United Nations' action to intervene in conflict between the nation of Kuwait and occupying Iraqi forces, occurring from 1990 through 1991.Domestic Violence: Deliberate, often repetitive physical, verbal, and/or other types of abuse by one or more members against others of a household.Affective Symptoms: Mood or emotional responses dissonant with or inappropriate to the behavior and/or stimulus.Chronic Disease: Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)Suicide, Attempted: The unsuccessful attempt to kill oneself.Mental Health Services: Organized services to provide mental health care.Bereavement: Refers to the whole process of grieving and mourning and is associated with a deep sense of loss and sadness.Maze Learning: Learning the correct route through a maze to obtain reinforcement. It is used for human or animal populations. (Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 6th ed)Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Prefrontal Cortex: The rostral part of the frontal lobe, bounded by the inferior precentral fissure in humans, which receives projection fibers from the MEDIODORSAL NUCLEUS OF THE THALAMUS. The prefrontal cortex receives afferent fibers from numerous structures of the DIENCEPHALON; MESENCEPHALON; and LIMBIC SYSTEM as well as cortical afferents of visual, auditory, and somatic origin.Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders: Disorders characterized by impairment of the ability to initiate or maintain sleep. This may occur as a primary disorder or in association with another medical or psychiatric condition.Health Status: The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.Regression Analysis: Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.Cohort Studies: Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.Mothers: Female parents, human or animal.Hypothalamo-Hypophyseal System: A collection of NEURONS, tracts of NERVE FIBERS, endocrine tissue, and blood vessels in the HYPOTHALAMUS and the PITUITARY GLAND. This hypothalamo-hypophyseal portal circulation provides the mechanism for hypothalamic neuroendocrine (HYPOTHALAMIC HORMONES) regulation of pituitary function and the release of various PITUITARY HORMONES into the systemic circulation to maintain HOMEOSTASIS.Self Concept: A person's view of himself.New York CityMemory Disorders: Disturbances in registering an impression, in the retention of an acquired impression, or in the recall of an impression. Memory impairments are associated with DEMENTIA; CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA; ENCEPHALITIS; ALCOHOLISM (see also ALCOHOL AMNESTIC DISORDER); SCHIZOPHRENIA; and other conditions.Personality: Behavior-response patterns that characterize the individual.Pain: An unpleasant sensation induced by noxious stimuli which are detected by NERVE ENDINGS of NOCICEPTIVE NEURONS.War Crimes: Criminal acts committed during, or in connection with, war, e.g., maltreatment of prisoners, willful killing of civilians, etc.Trauma Severity Indices: Systems for assessing, classifying, and coding injuries. These systems are used in medical records, surveillance systems, and state and national registries to aid in the collection and reporting of trauma.Socioeconomic Factors: Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.Suicide: The act of killing oneself.Persian Gulf Syndrome: Unexplained symptoms reported by veterans of the Persian Gulf War with Iraq in 1991. The symptoms reported include fatigue, skin rash, muscle and joint pain, headaches, loss of memory, shortness of breath, gastrointestinal and respiratory symptoms, and extreme sensitivity to commonly occurring chemicals. (Nature 1994 May 5;369(6475):8)Social Support: Support systems that provide assistance and encouragement to individuals with physical or emotional disabilities in order that they may better cope. Informal social support is usually provided by friends, relatives, or peers, while formal assistance is provided by churches, groups, etc.Reproducibility of Results: The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.Interviews as Topic: Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.Avoidance Learning: A response to a cue that is instrumental in avoiding a noxious experience.Behavioral Symptoms: Observable manifestations of impaired psychological functioning.Hippocampus: A curved elevation of GRAY MATTER extending the entire length of the floor of the TEMPORAL HORN of the LATERAL VENTRICLE (see also TEMPORAL LOBE). The hippocampus proper, subiculum, and DENTATE GYRUS constitute the hippocampal formation. Sometimes authors include the ENTORHINAL CORTEX in the hippocampal formation.Blast Injuries: Injuries resulting when a person is struck by particles impelled with violent force from an explosion. Blast causes pulmonary concussion and hemorrhage, laceration of other thoracic and abdominal viscera, ruptured ear drums, and minor effects in the central nervous system. (From Dorland, 27th ed)Personality Disorders: A major deviation from normal patterns of behavior.Neurotic Disorders: Disorders in which the symptoms are distressing to the individual and recognized by him or her as being unacceptable. Social relationships may be greatly affected but usually remain within acceptable limits. The disturbance is relatively enduring or recurrent without treatment.Factor Analysis, Statistical: A set of statistical methods for analyzing the correlations among several variables in order to estimate the number of fundamental dimensions that underlie the observed data and to describe and measure those dimensions. It is used frequently in the development of scoring systems for rating scales and questionnaires.Disease Models, Animal: Naturally occurring or experimentally induced animal diseases with pathological processes sufficiently similar to those of human diseases. They are used as study models for human diseases.Primary Health Care: Care which provides integrated, accessible health care services by clinicians who are accountable for addressing a large majority of personal health care needs, developing a sustained partnership with patients, and practicing in the context of family and community. (JAMA 1995;273(3):192)Social Behavior: Any behavior caused by or affecting another individual, usually of the same species.Conditioning (Psychology): A general term referring to the learning of some particular response.Schizophrenia: A severe emotional disorder of psychotic depth characteristically marked by a retreat from reality with delusion formation, HALLUCINATIONS, emotional disharmony, and regressive behavior.Hostility: Tendency to feel anger toward and to seek to inflict harm upon a person or group.Statistics as Topic: The science and art of collecting, summarizing, and analyzing data that are subject to random variation. The term is also applied to the data themselves and to the summarization of the data.Demography: Statistical interpretation and description of a population with reference to distribution, composition, or structure.Rescue Work: Activities devoted to freeing persons or animals from danger to life or well-being in accidents, fires, bombings, floods, earthquakes, other disasters and life-threatening conditions. While usually performed by team efforts, rescue work is not restricted to organized services.Chi-Square Distribution: A distribution in which a variable is distributed like the sum of the squares of any given independent random variable, each of which has a normal distribution with mean of zero and variance of one. The chi-square test is a statistical test based on comparison of a test statistic to a chi-square distribution. The oldest of these tests are used to detect whether two or more population distributions differ from one another.Pituitary-Adrenal System: The interactions between the anterior pituitary and adrenal glands, in which corticotropin (ACTH) stimulates the adrenal cortex and adrenal cortical hormones suppress the production of corticotropin by the anterior pituitary.Panic: A state of extreme acute, intense anxiety and unreasoning fear accompanied by disorganization of personality function.Repression, Psychology: The active mental process of keeping out and ejecting, banishing from consciousness, ideas or impulses that are unacceptable to it.Paroxetine: A serotonin uptake inhibitor that is effective in the treatment of depression.Hypochondriasis: Preoccupation with the fear of having, or the idea that one has, a serious disease based on the person's misinterpretation of bodily symptoms. (APA, DSM-IV)
Post Traumatic Stress Disorder: People suffering from post-traumatic stress disorder can often suffer from recurring dreams. ... Anxiety: Evidence suggests that recurrent dreams occur during times of stress and once the problem has resolved they will cease ... Psychological disorders associated with recurring dreams[edit]. * ...
... schizoaffective disorder; psychosis; drug and alcohol dependency; port-partum psychosis; post-traumatic stress disorder. The ... anxiety; bipolar disorder; ... as well as an eating disorders service. As a result of a recent ...
... posttraumatic stress disorder, other anxiety disorders, eating disorders, or psychosis. Intrusive thoughts, urges, and images ... "Rumination in posttraumatic stress disorder". Depress Anxiety. 24 (5): 307-17. doi:10.1002/da.20228. PMID 17041914. Christopher ... Whether the cause of intrusive thoughts is OCD, depression, or post-traumatic stress disorder, the selective serotonin reuptake ... non-tic-related obsessive compulsive disorder". Anxiety. 1 (5): 208-15. PMID 9160576. Baer (2001), p. 51 Hasler G, LaSalle- ...
Journal of Anxiety Disorders. 9 (6): 503-514. Keppel-Benson, Jane M.; Ollendick, Thomas H.; Benson, Mark J. (February 2002). " ... especially fear of crossing streets alone may be a component of accident-related posttraumatic stress disorder, as a reaction ... "Stiff-Person Syndrome and Generalized Anxiety Disorder". Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria. 68 (4). doi:10.1590/S0004- ... Incident stress "Dromophobia". Dictionary.com. Retrieved February 11, 2017. "Dromos". Dictionary.com. Retrieved February 11, ...
Posttraumatic stress disorder Positive disintegration Psychological trauma Tedeshi, R.G., & Calhoun, L.G. (2004). Posttraumatic ... Journal of Anxiety Disorders. 28 (2): 223-229. doi:10.1016/j.janxdis.2013.10.005. PMID 24291397. Tedeshi, R.G., & Calhoun, L.G ... Journal of Anxiety Disorders. 28 (2): 223-229. doi:10.1016/j.janxdis.2013.10.005. PMID 24291397. Browse By Person: Shakespeare- ... Anxiety, Stress & Coping. 23 (2): 127-137. doi:10.1080/10615800903094273. Kaur, Navjot; Porter, Ben; LeardMann, Cynthia A.; ...
Stoyva, J.M., & Budzynski, T.H. (1993). Biofeedback methods in the treatment of anxiety and stress disorders. In R. Woolfolk ... Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Asperger syndrome, depression, and anxiety disorders through the use of neurofeedback ... In I.L. Kutash, & L.B. Schlesinger (Eds.), Handbook on Stress and Anxiety. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass. Budzynski, T., Stoyva, J ... Budzynski, T.H. & Stoyva, J.M. (1984). Biofeedback methods in the treatment of anxiety and stress. In R. Woolfolk, & P. Lehrer ...
"Anxiety Strategies". Perth Brain Centre. Retrieved 11 August 2015. "Tips to Manage Anxiety and Stress". Anxiety & Depression ... "The Maintenance of Anxiety Disorders: Maladaptive Coping Strategies". Retrieved 25 July 2011. Stallman, H. M. (2017). Coping ... Safety behaviors are demonstrated when individuals with anxiety disorders come to rely on something, or someone, as a means of ... Hormones also play a part in stress management. Cortisol, a stress hormone, was found to be elevated in males during stressful ...
Linden M, Muschalla B (2007). Anxiety disorders and workplace-related anxieties. ´´Journal of Anxiety Disorders´´, 21, 467-474 ... International Journal of Stress Management´´, 9: 129-145. Linden M, Muschalla B (2007). Arbeitsplatzbezogene Ängste und ... Workplace phobia is an anxiety disorder and specific phobia associated with workspace. Haines J, Williams CL, Carson JM (2002 ... Dissertation: Workplace-related Anxieties and Workplace Phobia: http://opus.kobv.de/ubp/volltexte/2008/2004/ Review Article: ...
"Attentional bias and attentional control in posttraumatic stress disorder". Journal of Anxiety Disorders. 28: 203-210. doi: ... Attention problems are also characteristic of anxiety disorders like PTSD. Attentional bias causes a person to processes ... Second, anxiety impairs the inhibition function, and third, anxiety impairs the shifting function.[33] Studies related to ... Low attentional control is more common among those with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD),"a disorder with ...
"Animal models of anxiety disorders and stress". Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria. 35: 101-111. ,access-date= requires ,url= ( ... which are commonly employed in clinical settings to treat anxiety disorders, also do not lead to a stable anxiolytic effect on ... Anxiety reduction is indicated in the plus-maze by an increase in the proportion of time spent in the open arms (time in open ... In the EPM, this anxiety is expressed by the animal spending more time in the enclosed arms. The test uses an elevated, plus- ...
"Memory impairments in posttraumatic stress disorder are related to depression". Journal of Anxiety Disorders. 22 (3): 464-474. ...
Psychotherapy for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder. In Textbook of Anxiety Disorders, Second Edition, ed. D. Stein, E. Hollander ... treatment for chronic post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and related depression, anxiety, and anger. Based on basic ... Kazi, A.; Freund, B. & Ironson, G. (2008). Prolonged Exposure Treatment for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder following the 9/11 ... Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Women: A Randomized Controlled Trial, Paula P. Schnurr, ...
"Enhancing exposure therapy for anxiety disorders, obsessive-compulsive disorder and post-traumatic stress disorder". Review. ... "The Treatment of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder". In Hobfoll, Stevan E.; De Vries, Marten W. (eds.). Extreme stress and ... Yohimbine has been studied as a way to improve the effects of exposure therapy in people with post traumatic stress disorder ( ... anxiety and trauma-related disorders". Review. Pharmacology & Therapeutics. 149: 150-90. doi:10.1016/j.pharmthera.2014.12.004. ...
... and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), with elevated rates of these disorders lasting into adulthood. There are a variety ... "Understanding the co-occurrence of anxiety disorders and chronic pain: state-of-the-art". Depression and Anxiety. 26 (10): 888- ... Sharp, T. J.; Harvey, A. G. (2001-08-01). "Chronic pain and posttraumatic stress disorder: mutual maintenance?". Clinical ... Childhood chronic pain often exists alongside mental health conditions like anxiety disorders, depression, ...
People with anxiety disorders participated in a stress-reduction program conducted by researchers from the Mental Health ... In neurotic disorders, 14% of the population experienced anxiety disorders, comorbidity disorders were the next common mental ... and anxiety disorder 12% of the population. Women are 1.5 times more likely to suffer from mood and anxiety disorders. WHO ... anxiety and stress.[61][62][63][64] Mindfulness meditation may also be effective in treating substance use disorders.[65][66] ...
"The anxiety disorder spectrum: Fear imagery, physiological reactivity, and differential diagnosis". Anxiety, Stress & Coping. ... often used to study fear learning and extinction in individuals with posttraumatic stress disorder and other anxiety disorders ... Similar findings have been attributed to threat words related to other anxiety disorders. However, other studies have ... Disorder specific attentional biases have been found for a variety of mental disorders. For example, participants with spider ...
Yerkes-Dodson law Acute stress reaction Anxiety Anxiety disorder Panic attack Phobia Social anxiety Social anxiety disorder ... Cistler, Josh; Bunmi O. Olatunji; Matthew T. Feldner; John P. Forsyth (2010). "Emotion Regulation and the Anxiety Disorders: An ... A typical example of the stress response is a grazing zebra. If the zebra sees a lion closing in for the kill, the stress ... Goldstein, David; Kopin, I (2007). "Evolution of concepts of stress". Stress. 10 (2): 109-20. doi:10.1080/10253890701288935. ...
In modern parlance, these symptoms could be construed as Posttraumatic stress disorder. Stahlschmidt was sent to a hospital in ... Stahlschmidt purportedly suffered severe anxiety after his escape. His physical injuries amounted to a fractured eye socket and ...
... a better description would be showing symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder. He was noted to be quiet and moody by a family ... He had trouble sleeping and had anxiety attacks. On June 24, 1952 at age 32, Pedro Cano died when the truck he was driving back ...
... including posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, anxiety, and attachment disorders. 15% of foster youth have ... "Former Foster Children in Oregon and Washington Suffer Posttraumatic Stress Disorder at Twice the Rate of U.S War Veterans" ... Cook, Rebecca (2005-04-07). "One in four foster children suffers from post-traumatic stress, study finds". Seattletimes. ...
Likewise, over illumination can also cause stress and anxiety. In fact, natural light was preferred over purely artificial ... In addition, over illumination can cause medical stress and even aggravate other psychological disorders like agoraphobia. The ... In particular, over illumination has been linked to headaches, fatigue, medically defined stress, anxiety, and decreases in ... The mechanism of this effect seems to be stress by related upregulation of adrenaline production akin to the fight-or-flight ...
Among victims of violence, psychological disorders such as post traumatic stress disorder and depression are common. In ... There is a general agreement that women are more frequently diagnosed with internalizing disorders such as depression, anxiety ... For example, if a manager is white and has an employee of color, stress may be created if they do not understand or respect ... Some women express emotions such as fear, anxiety, and anger. Others choose to deny it occurred and conceal their feelings. ...
CAPS-CA for assessing posttraumatic stress symptoms in children and adolescents". Journal of Anxiety Disorders. 28 (1): 51-56. ... "Reliability and validity of a brief instrument for assessing post-traumatic stress disorder". Journal of Traumatic Stress. 6 (4 ... The items cover the symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), specifically, the symptoms and clusters used in the DSM- ... Evidence of post-traumatic stress disorder. In G.C. Denniston, F.M. Hodges, & M.F. Milos (Eds.), Understanding Circumcision: A ...
Affective disorders include depression, anxiety, and bi-polar disorder. A number of approaches have been utilized to study the ... Neurokinin A is involved in many stress induced neurological disorders, such as depression, schizophrenia and epilepsy. ... Affective disorders are characterized by a frequent, fluctuating alteration in mood, affecting the patient's thoughts, emotions ... Studies have shown that stress-induced activation of the noradrenergic prefrontal lobe system may be under the control of both ...
Teeth grinding may be caused by stress and anxiety; it could also be caused by a non typical bite, or missing teeth. Bruxism ... This is very prevalent in those who suffer violent post-traumatic stress disorder (P.T.S.D.) They typically occur in stage 3 ... These disorders of arousal can range from confusional arousals, somnambulism, to night terrors. Other specific disorders ... ISBN 978-0-679-31408-0. Stanford: Parasomnias - Arousal Disorders Information Primary Sleep Disorders: Parasomnias Psychnet UK ...
... may also contribute to psychological disorders such as post-traumatic stress disorder, panic anxiety and mood ... Post RM (1992). "Transduction of psychosocial stress into the neurobiology of recurrent affective disorder". Am J Psychiatry ... Substance-use disorder: A diagnostic term in the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders ( ... substance use disorder - a condition in which the use of substances leads to clinically and functionally significant impairment ...
Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (e.g., in response to stimuli associated with a severe stressor), or Separation Anxiety Disorder ... Other Postpartum Anxiety Disorders. Other Postpartum Mood Disorders. Will I Ever Get Better?. Allowing Yourself to Grieve. ... Other Postpartum Anxiety Disorders According to the DSM IV, One must meet the following criteria in order to be diagnosed with ... What is Post Traumatic Stress Disorder?. Coping With Flashabcks. PTSD and Breastfeeding. Having a Baby? Ten Questions to Ask. ...
While eating disorders are most often associated with teenage girls, more and more women over 50 are being diagnosed and ... Anxiety Disorders. Eating Disorders in Older Adults. Eileen BaileyHealth Writer. March 19, 2015. ... Anxiety Disorders. Alternative TreatmentComplicationsDiagnosisLifestyleLiving WithMedicationNutritionProfileRelationshipsRisk ... When eating disorders resurface, they can go unnoticed by family and friends. Eating disorder isnt the first thing that is ...
I went to have a massage today.. I cant tell you how it lowers my anxiety........ and how much better I feel.. just wanted you ... Anxiety & Panic Disorders Bipolar Disorder Breast Cancer Chronic Pain Crohns Disease Depression Diabetes Fibromyalgia GERD & ... Allergies & Asthma Alzheimers Disease Anxiety & Panic Disorders Arthritis Breast Cancer Chronic Fatigue Crohns Disease Cystic ... When the anxiety hits hard, I will lay down with the fan in my face and he will softly rub my back until I feel better. And ...
Hospital conducts state-of-the-art research aimed at improving the standard of care for people suffering from anxiety disorders ... The Center for Anxiety and Traumatic Stress Disorders and Complicated Grief at Massachusetts General ... Center for Anxiety and Traumatic Stress Disorders The Center for Anxiety and Traumatic Stress Disorders and Complicated Grief ... anxiety-disorders;post-traumatic-stress-disorder-ptsd;panic-disorder. psychiatry;neuroscience. c. true. * Home- ...
It really sounds like it is the anxiety but good luck with the stress test.. Generalized Anxiety Disorder. Panic attacks. ... Anxiety & Panic Disorders Bipolar Disorder Breast Cancer Chronic Pain Crohns Disease Depression Diabetes Fibromyalgia GERD & ... Allergies & Asthma Alzheimers Disease Anxiety & Panic Disorders Arthritis Breast Cancer Chronic Fatigue Crohns Disease Cystic ... Anxiety can cause all the symptoms you have, and many more! Have you seen this page; www.anxietycentre.com/anxiety-symptoms. ...
It is vitally important that anxiety sufferers establish a relaxation routine because the core of anxiety and panic disorder, ... Anxiety is a common reaction to stress & it may also help you cope intense situations ... Lee James Heather has sinced written about articles on various topics from Cure Anxiety, Stress Management. Lee James Heather ... Silverfox63 has sinced written about articles on various topics from Cure Anxiety, Stress Management and Credit Cards. Lee ...
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Social Anxiety Disorder and Phobias. Research has demonstrated that cognitive-behavioral psychotherapy (CBT) can be highly ... Through cognitive therapy, patients learn to understand how their thoughts contribute to the symptoms of anxiety disorders, and ... effective in treating anxiety disorders. Psychologists use CBT to help people identify and learn to manage the elements that ... Behavioral therapy involves using techniques to reduce or stop the undesired behaviors associated with these disorders. ...
The traditional definition for post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) indicates that there is one single traumatic event which ... Anxiety Disorders. Bullying and PTSD. Eileen BaileyHealth Writer. April 4, 2013. ... Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), Date Unknown, Staff Writer, U.S. National Institutes of Health ... The traditional definition for post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) indicates that there is one single traumatic event which ...
... you may have an anxiety disorder. Anxiety disorders - which include panic attacks, post-traumatic stress disorder, and ... Research has shown that CBT is effective for panic disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, ... Coping with Anxiety and Stress Disorders. Everyone worries or gets scared sometimes. But if you feel extremely worried or ... you may have an anxiety disorder. Anxiety disorders are among the most common mental illnesses, affecting roughly 40 million ...
How can fears following a traumatic event be reduced in the long term and prevented from becoming a permanent stress-related ... disorder? Researchers at the Mainz University Medical Center have recently shed new light on these questions. ... Tags: Anxiety, Biochemistry, Brain, Cortex, Dopamine, Heart, Hormone, Laboratory, Light, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, ... Research findings could help improve treatment of anxiety and post-traumatic stress disorders. *Download PDF Copy ...
And the Anxiety Disorders Association of America (ADAA) 2006 Stress & Anxiety Disorders Survey backs that up.A certain amount ... and irrational anxiety that interferes with everyday functioning is often an indication of an anxiety disorder. Read on for how ... of stress and anxiety is normal at work as well as at home. However, persistent, excessive, ... It comes as no surprise that most working Americans experience stress or anxiety in their daily lives. ...
Posttraumatic stress disorder, or PTSD, is a serious potentially debilitating condition that can occur in people who have ... Women are twice as likely to develop posttraumatic stress disorder as men, and children can also develop it. PTSD often occurs ... Sign up for ADAAs Monthly Free e-Newsletter featuring helpful resources about anxiety, depression and co-occurring disorders. ... Search our directory of ADAA mental health professional members who specialize in anxiety, depression and co-occurring ...
Mindfulness meditation is an increasingly popular treatment for anxiety, but testing its effectiveness in a convincing way has ... Mindfulness Meditation Training Lowers Biomarkers of Stress Response in Anxiety Disorder Hormonal, inflammatory reactions to ... The researchers found that anxiety disorder patients had sharply reduced stress-hormone and inflammatory responses to a ... For the stress test, the team monitored blood-based markers of subjects stress responses, namely levels of the stress hormone ...
... a review of the experimental literature on the use of self-hypnosis in the treatment of anxiety and stress-related disorders, ... nonaddictive and safe alternative to medication for the treatment of anxiety-related conditions. Here we provide ... Hypnosis in the Treatment of Anxiety- And Stress-Related Disorders Expert Rev Neurother. 2010 Feb;10(2):263-73. doi: 10.1586/ ... a review of the experimental literature on the use of self-hypnosis in the treatment of anxiety and stress-related disorders, ...
... and evidence-based treatment of anxiety disorders in diverse youth from age 4 years through older adolescents. The PSADC has a ... The Pediatric Stress and Anxiety Disorders Clinic (PSADC) specializes in early identification, comprehensive evaluation, ... Pediatric Stress and Anxiety Disorders Clinic (PSADC) About Us The Pediatric Stress and Anxiety Disorders Clinic (PSADC) ... Anxiety disorders treated include: Separation Anxiety Disorder, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Social Phobia, Selective Mutism, ...
... panic disorder - Answer: Hey POST-TRAUMATIC, The Entact or what is escitalopram in the US is a ... ... mania, anxiety, panic disorder, generalized anxiety disorder. Details:. I was leading a normal life until I was imprisoned for ... Ι suffer from social and post-traumatic stress, severe anxiety, panic disorders & mania. Any help?. Asked. 2 May 2011 by POST ... I have PTSD, Mania Bipolar, Anxiety disorder, Panic Disorder Depression and I need meds. No insuranc. Posted 2 Sep 2013 • 4 ...
NIH-sponsored clinical trial has found objective physiological evidence that mindfulness meditation combats anxiety. ... Mindfulness meditation is an increasingly popular treatment for anxiety, but testing its effectiveness in a convincing way has ... Mindfulness Meditation Training Lowers Biomarkers of Stress Response in Anxiety Disorder (IMAGE) view more ... The researchers found that anxiety disorder patients had sharply reduced stress-hormone and inflammatory responses to a ...
... including panic disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, social anxiety disorder, posttraumatic stress disorder, depression, ... Center for Anxiety and Traumatic Stress Disorders and Complicated Grief Program The Center for Anxiety and Traumatic Stress ... complicated grief disorder, panic disorder, generalized anxiety disorder and social anxiety disorder. ... The Center for Anxiety and Traumatic Stress Disorders and Complicated Grief Program conducts research on post-traumatic stress ...
Digestive Disorders Disorders of Nutrition Drugs Ear, Nose, and Throat Disorders Eye Disorders Fundamentals Heart and Blood ... Digestive Disorders Disorders of Nutrition Drugs Ear, Nose, and Throat Disorders Eye Disorders Fundamentals Heart and Blood ... Blood Disorders Bone, Joint, and Muscle Disorders Brain, Spinal Cord, and Nerve Disorders Cancer Childrens Health Issues ... Blood Disorders Bone, Joint, and Muscle Disorders Brain, Spinal Cord, and Nerve Disorders Cancer Childrens Health Issues ...
Anxiety is the tendency to create stress for yourself, to exaggerate it or be scared of it right from the very first signs. ... Stress and anxiety Generalized anxiety disorder. When you suffer from generalized anxiety disorder, you worry excessively, ... People who have generalized anxiety disorder 😧 feel tired 😩, and irritable, they might have sleep problems, headaches, nausea ...
... By Skya Abbate, DOM. As the Lingshu ... not just for the 10 million Americans who suffer on a daily basis from generalized anxiety disorder (a sustained acute disorder ... and episodic anxiety (a normal type of anxiety linked to an extraordinary life event). Such anxiety can be overwhelming to the ... While a nonspecific stress reaction serves to disturb the flow of energy in the body, a specific stress reaction may involve ...
Stress is a common trigger of anxiety, so it is important to try to manage stress and anxiety.This article features the common ... and treatments for anxiety and stress in your 50s. ... Anxiety Disorders. There are several kinds of anxiety disorders ... post-traumatic stress disorder, and obsessive compulsive disorder. Many triggers can influence anxiety disorders, but the ... Treatments for Anxiety and Stress. It is important to try to reduce stress in order to manage anxiety, as well as for your ...
... can elicit Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). Symptoms include strong anxiety and stress, flashbacks, emotional numbness, ... The Anxiety Network focuses on three of the major anxiety disorders: panic disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, and social ... can bring on Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). Severe wartime experiences, for example, not only elicit anxiety and stress ... The Anxiety and Stress Clinic and its website, The Anxiety Network, received so much traffic and requests for help that we ...
Obsessive-compulsive disorders, chronic pain, eating disorders and premenstrual syndrome are diseases that can also be cured by ... Anxiety And Tension. Anti Depression Drugs As the name suggests anti depression drugs are used to overcome the problem of ... They have also mentioned that the best trick to overcome stress from your life is to combine counseling with these drugs to ... Many people take antidepressants to over come the problem of stress in their life as these drugs make people feel relaxed. This ...
  • Mindfulness meditation training is a relatively inexpensive and low-stigma treatment approach, and these findings strengthen the case that it can improve resilience to stress," said lead author Elizabeth A. Hoge, MD, associate professor in Georgetown University Medical Center's Department of Psychiatry. (eurekalert.org)
  • So this self-help book may be a good starting point for men who are feeling stressed out, and it does give plenty of suggestions about how to cope with the problems and stay healthy. (pbmhmr.com)
  • While stress is short-term, caused by a looming deadline, an illness, or a series of unfortunate events, it is usually possible to cope with it, either by waiting for the troubles to pass or by making a concerted effort to fix whatever was causing the stressful situation. (monq.com)
  • Anxiety is harder to cope with. (monq.com)
  • Research has demonstrated that cognitive-behavioral psychotherapy (CBT) can be highly effective in treating anxiety disorders. (uwm.edu)
  • This Special Health Report, Coping with Anxiety and Stress Disorders , discusses the latest and most effective treatment approaches, including cognitive behavioral therapies, psychotherapy, and medications. (harvard.edu)
  • Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), the leading form of therapy for anxiety, aims to correct ingrained patterns of negative thoughts and behaviors. (harvard.edu)
  • The 8-week program applies cognitive behavioral therapy approaches to provide youth and their caregivers with a greater understanding and tools to manage anxiety. (uic.edu)
  • Cognitive behavioral therapy is the first line treatment for most anxiety disorders in children. (uic.edu)
  • The more effective forms of cognitive-behavioral therapy, as related to post-traumatic stress disorder, should be tried gently and repeatedly. (anxietynetwork.com)
  • In that respect, the university explained, it is "integral to the sensitization that happens after prolonged stress in mice, leading to anxiety and other cognitive problems down the road. (medicaldaily.com)
  • Meditation is a simple and easy practice, based on concentrating on one thing (mostly breathing, but in the case of "transcendental meditation" it can be a "mantra" or repetition of a sequence of sounds as well) until achieving an awake but deeply restful state, that ultimately has great effects on cognitive relaxation in anxiety disorders. (steadyhealth.com)
  • As such, it is often paired with the Penn State Worry Questionnaire, which provides a more accurate assessment of the cognitive components of anxiety (i.e., worry, catastrophizing, etc.) commonly seen in generalized anxiety disorder. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1993, Beck, Steer, and Beck used a three factor structure including subjective, somatic, and panic subscale scores to differentiate among a sample of clinically anxious outpatients Because the somatic subscale is emphasized on the BAI, with 15 out of 21 items measuring physiological symptoms, perhaps the cognitive, affective, and behavioral components of anxiety are being deemphasized. (wikipedia.org)
  • But have you ever really stopped and thought about what you actually mean when you say you feel stressed? (adavic.org.au)
  • This G × E × C approach - introducing coping as an additional dimension further shaping a G × E risk constellation, thus suggesting a three-dimensional 'vulnerability-stress-coping model' of mental disorders - might inform targeted preventive or therapeutic interventions strengthening coping ability to promote resilient functioning. (onmedica.com)
  • An overview of research is also provided with regard to self-hypnotic treatment of anxiety-related disorders, such as tension headaches, migraines and irritable bowel syndrome. (nih.gov)
  • The tremendous volume of research provides compelling evidence that hypnosis is an efficacious treatment for state anxiety (e.g., prior to tests, surgery and medical procedures) and anxiety-related disorders, such as headaches and irritable bowel syndrome. (nih.gov)
  • Clinical data indicate that dysfunctions of the stress response system, expressed as excessive CRF activity and possible hyperstimulation of CRF1 receptors, are present in a range of stress-related disorders, including depression, anxiety, and irritable bowel syndrome. (eurekaselect.com)
  • 40 percent experience persistent stress or excessive anxiety in their daily lives. (adaa.org)
  • One in four reports persistent stress or excessive anxiety impairing the ability to function in the past six months. (adaa.org)
  • Four in ten agree that "persistent stress and/or excessive anxiety are a normal part of life," particularly men (44 percent vs. 36 percent for women). (adaa.org)
  • So GAD is an excessive anxiety and worry occurring more days than not for a period of at least six months. (inclou.org)