Fascia: Layers of connective tissue of variable thickness. The superficial fascia is found immediately below the skin; the deep fascia invests MUSCLES, nerves, and other organs.BooksRectum: The distal segment of the LARGE INTESTINE, between the SIGMOID COLON and the ANAL CANAL.Subcutaneous Tissue: Loose connective tissue lying under the DERMIS, which binds SKIN loosely to subjacent tissues. It may contain a pad of ADIPOCYTES, which vary in number according to the area of the body and vary in size according to the nutritional state.Anus, Imperforate: A congenital abnormality characterized by the persistence of the anal membrane, resulting in a thin membrane covering the normal ANAL CANAL. Imperforation is not always complete and is treated by surgery in infancy. This defect is often associated with NEURAL TUBE DEFECTS; MENTAL RETARDATION; and DOWN SYNDROME.Bone Lengthening: Increase in the longest dimension of a bone to correct anatomical deficiencies, congenital, traumatic, or as a result of disease. The lengthening is not restricted to long bones. The usual surgical methods are internal fixation and distraction.Fascia Lata: CONNECTIVE TISSUE of the anterior compartment of the THIGH that has its origins on the anterior aspect of the iliac crest and anterior superior iliac spine, and its insertion point on the iliotibial tract. It plays a role in medial rotation of the THIGH, steadying the trunk, and in KNEE extension.Anus Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the ANAL CANAL.Anus DiseasesAlcian Blue: A copper-containing dye used as a gelling agent for lubricants, for staining of bacteria and for the dyeing of histiocytes and fibroblasts in vivo.Superstitions: A belief or practice which lacks adequate basis for proof; an embodiment of fear of the unknown, magic, and ignorance.Gene Library: A large collection of DNA fragments cloned (CLONING, MOLECULAR) from a given organism, tissue, organ, or cell type. It may contain complete genomic sequences (GENOMIC LIBRARY) or complementary DNA sequences, the latter being formed from messenger RNA and lacking intron sequences.Anal Canal: The terminal segment of the LARGE INTESTINE, beginning from the ampulla of the RECTUM and ending at the anus.Genome-Wide Association Study: An analysis comparing the allele frequencies of all available (or a whole GENOME representative set of) polymorphic markers in unrelated patients with a specific symptom or disease condition, and those of healthy controls to identify markers associated with a specific disease or condition.Holidays: Days commemorating events. Holidays also include vacation periods.Libraries, MedicalMedlinePlus: NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE service for health professionals and consumers. It links extensive information from the National Institutes of Health and other reviewed sources of information on specific diseases and conditions.Hemorrhoids: Swollen veins in the lower part of the RECTUM or ANUS. Hemorrhoids can be inside the anus (internal), under the skin around the anus (external), or protruding from inside to outside of the anus. People with hemorrhoids may or may not exhibit symptoms which include bleeding, itching, and pain.Abscess: Accumulation of purulent material in tissues, organs, or circumscribed spaces, usually associated with signs of infection.Gross Domestic Product: Value of all final goods and services produced in a country in one year.National Library of Medicine (U.S.): An agency of the NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH concerned with overall planning, promoting, and administering programs pertaining to advancement of medical and related sciences. Major activities of this institute include the collection, dissemination, and exchange of information important to the progress of medicine and health, research in medical informatics and support for medical library development.Fistula: Abnormal communication most commonly seen between two internal organs, or between an internal organ and the surface of the body.PubMed: A bibliographic database that includes MEDLINE as its primary subset. It is produced by the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), part of the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. PubMed, which is searchable through NLM's Web site, also includes access to additional citations to selected life sciences journals not in MEDLINE, and links to other resources such as the full-text of articles at participating publishers' Web sites, NCBI's molecular biology databases, and PubMed Central.MEDLINE: The premier bibliographic database of the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. MEDLINE® (MEDLARS Online) is the primary subset of PUBMED and can be searched on NLM's Web site in PubMed or the NLM Gateway. MEDLINE references are indexed with MEDICAL SUBJECT HEADINGS (MeSH).Hemorrhoidectomy: The surgical removal of HEMORRHOIDS.Brain Abscess: A circumscribed collection of purulent exudate in the brain, due to bacterial and other infections. The majority are caused by spread of infected material from a focus of suppuration elsewhere in the body, notably the PARANASAL SINUSES, middle ear (see EAR, MIDDLE); HEART (see also ENDOCARDITIS, BACTERIAL), and LUNG. Penetrating CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA and NEUROSURGICAL PROCEDURES may also be associated with this condition. Clinical manifestations include HEADACHE; SEIZURES; focal neurologic deficits; and alterations of consciousness. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp712-6)MuseumsDrug Eruptions: Adverse cutaneous reactions caused by ingestion, parenteral use, or local application of a drug. These may assume various morphologic patterns and produce various types of lesions.Musculoskeletal Abnormalities: Congenital structural abnormalities and deformities of the musculoskeletal system.Syphilis: A contagious venereal disease caused by the spirochete TREPONEMA PALLIDUM.Urethral Stricture: Narrowing of any part of the URETHRA. It is characterized by decreased urinary stream and often other obstructive voiding symptoms.Esophageal Stenosis: A stricture of the ESOPHAGUS. Most are acquired but can be congenital.Tooth Eruption: The emergence of a tooth from within its follicle in the ALVEOLAR PROCESS of the MAXILLA or MANDIBLE into the ORAL CAVITY. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)Skin DiseasesPapillomavirus Infections: Neoplasms of the skin and mucous membranes caused by papillomaviruses. They are usually benign but some have a high risk for malignant progression.Papillomaviridae: A family of small, non-enveloped DNA viruses infecting birds and most mammals, especially humans. They are grouped into multiple genera, but the viruses are highly host-species specific and tissue-restricted. They are commonly divided into hundreds of papillomavirus "types", each with specific gene function and gene control regions, despite sequence homology. Human papillomaviruses are found in the genera ALPHAPAPILLOMAVIRUS; BETAPAPILLOMAVIRUS; GAMMAPAPILLOMAVIRUS; and MUPAPILLOMAVIRUS.Human papillomavirus 16: A type of ALPHAPAPILLOMAVIRUS especially associated with malignant tumors of the CERVIX and the RESPIRATORY MUCOSA.Uterine Cervical Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the UTERINE CERVIX.Human papillomavirus 18: A type of human papillomavirus especially associated with malignant tumors of the genital and RESPIRATORY MUCOSA.Oncogene Proteins, Viral: Products of viral oncogenes, most commonly retroviral oncogenes. They usually have transforming and often protein kinase activities.Papillomavirus E7 Proteins: ONCOGENE PROTEINS from papillomavirus that deregulate the CELL CYCLE of infected cells and lead to NEOPLASTIC CELL TRANSFORMATION. Papillomavirus E7 proteins have been shown to interact with various regulators of the cell cycle including RETINOBLASTOMA PROTEIN and certain cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors.Papillomavirus Vaccines: Vaccines or candidate vaccines used to prevent PAPILLOMAVIRUS INFECTIONS. Human vaccines are intended to reduce the incidence of UTERINE CERVICAL NEOPLASMS, so they are sometimes considered a type of CANCER VACCINES. They are often composed of CAPSID PROTEINS, especially L1 protein, from various types of ALPHAPAPILLOMAVIRUS.Tumor Virus Infections: Infections produced by oncogenic viruses. The infections caused by DNA viruses are less numerous but more diverse than those caused by the RNA oncogenic viruses.Hirschsprung Disease: Congenital MEGACOLON resulting from the absence of ganglion cells (aganglionosis) in a distal segment of the LARGE INTESTINE. The aganglionic segment is permanently contracted thus causing dilatation proximal to it. In most cases, the aganglionic segment is within the RECTUM and SIGMOID COLON.Urogenital Abnormalities: Congenital structural abnormalities of the UROGENITAL SYSTEM in either the male or the female.Ependymoma: Glioma derived from EPENDYMOGLIAL CELLS that tend to present as malignant intracranial tumors in children and as benign intraspinal neoplasms in adults. It may arise from any level of the ventricular system or central canal of the spinal cord. Intracranial ependymomas most frequently originate in the FOURTH VENTRICLE and histologically are densely cellular tumors which may contain ependymal tubules and perivascular pseudorosettes. Spinal ependymomas are usually benign papillary or myxopapillary tumors. (From DeVita et al., Principles and Practice of Oncology, 5th ed, p2018; Escourolle et al., Manual of Basic Neuropathology, 2nd ed, pp28-9)Search Engine: Software used to locate data or information stored in machine-readable form locally or at a distance such as an INTERNET site.Sacrum: Five fused VERTEBRAE forming a triangle-shaped structure at the back of the PELVIS. It articulates superiorly with the LUMBAR VERTEBRAE, inferiorly with the COCCYX, and anteriorly with the ILIUM of the PELVIS. The sacrum strengthens and stabilizes the PELVIS.Teratoma: A true neoplasm composed of a number of different types of tissue, none of which is native to the area in which it occurs. It is composed of tissues that are derived from three germinal layers, the endoderm, mesoderm, and ectoderm. They are classified histologically as mature (benign) or immature (malignant). (From DeVita Jr et al., Cancer: Principles & Practice of Oncology, 3d ed, p1642)Nasolacrimal Duct: A tubular duct that conveys TEARS from the LACRIMAL GLAND to the nose.Lacrimal Duct Obstruction: Interference with the secretion of tears by the lacrimal glands. Obstruction of the LACRIMAL SAC or NASOLACRIMAL DUCT causing acute or chronic inflammation of the lacrimal sac (DACRYOCYSTITIS). It is caused also in infants by failure of the nasolacrimal duct to open into the inferior meatus and occurs about the third week of life. In adults occlusion may occur spontaneously or after injury or nasal disease. (Newell, Ophthalmology: Principles and Concepts, 7th ed, p250)Thanatophoric Dysplasia: A severe form of neonatal dwarfism with very short limbs. All cases have died at birth or later in the neonatal period.Kansas3' Flanking Region: The region of DNA which borders the 3' end of a transcription unit and where a variety of regulatory sequences are located.5' Flanking Region: The region of DNA which borders the 5' end of a transcription unit and where a variety of regulatory sequences are located.Disease Management: A broad approach to appropriate coordination of the entire disease treatment process that often involves shifting away from more expensive inpatient and acute care to areas such as preventive medicine, patient counseling and education, and outpatient care. This concept includes implications of appropriate versus inappropriate therapy on the overall cost and clinical outcome of a particular disease. (From Hosp Pharm 1995 Jul;30(7):596)RNA 3' End Processing: The steps that generate the 3' ends of mature RNA molecules. For most mRNAs (RNA, MESSENGER), 3' end processing referred to as POLYADENYLATION includes the addition of POLY A.Financing, Construction: Funding resources and procedures for capital improvement or the construction of facilities.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Mississippi

Risk factors for abnormal anal cytology in young heterosexual women. (1/213)

Although anal cancers are up to four times more common in women than men, little is known about the natural history of anal human papillomavirus (HPV) infections and HPV-related anal lesions in women. This study reports on the prevalence of and risks for anal cytological abnormalities over a 1-year period in a cohort of young women participating in a study of the natural history of cervical HPV infection. In addition to their regularly scheduled sexual behavior interviews and cervical testing, consenting women received anal HPV DNA and cytological testing. Anal cytology smears were obtained from 410 women whose mean age was 22.5 +/- 2.5 years at the onset of the study. Sixteen women (3.9%) were found to have abnormal anal cytology: 4 women had low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (SILs) or condyloma; and 12 women had atypical cells of undetermined significance. Factors found to be significantly associated with abnormal anal cytology were a history of anal sex [odds ratio (OR), 6.90; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.7-47.2], a history of cervical SILs (OR, 4.13; 95% CI, 1.3-14.9), and a current anal HPV infection (OR, 12.28; 95% CI, 3.9-43.5). The strong association between anal intercourse and the development of HPV-induced SILs supports the role of sexual transmission of HPV in anal SILs. Young women who had engaged in anal intercourse or had a history of cervical SILs were found to be at highest risk.  (+info)

Tissue specific HPV expression and downregulation of local immune responses in condylomas from HIV seropositive individuals. (2/213)

OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of tissue specific human papillomavirus (HPV) expression and its effect on local immunity in condylomas from HIV positive individuals. METHODS: Biopsy specimens of eight penile and eight perianal condylomas from HIV seropositive individuals were analysed. Expression of viral genes (HIV-tat and HPV E7 and L1) was determined by RT-PCR. The status of local immunity also was determined by RT-PCR by measuring CD4, CD8, CD16, CD1a, HLA-DR, and HLA-B7 mRNA levels in the tissues. Differentiation was determined by measuring involucrin, keratinocyte transglutaminase, as well as cytokeratins 10, 16, and 17. Proliferation markers such as PCNA and c-myc were also determined. RESULTS: The transcription pattern of HPV in perianal condylomas, which preferentially expressed the early (E7) gene, was different from that of penile condylomas, which primarily expressed the late (L1) gene. This transcription pattern is in good correlation with the keratinisation and differentiation patterns of the two epithelia: perianal biopsies preferentially expressed K16 and K17 while penile warts mainly expressed K10, markers of parakeratotic and orthokeratotic epithelia, respectively. Perianal biopsies also showed a higher degree of proliferation (PCNA and c-myc). Interestingly, transcription of HIV-tat was also higher in perianal than in penile biopsies. A high degree of local immunodeficiency was observed in perianal biopsies--that is, levels of CD4, CD16, and CD1a mRNAs were significantly lower. A negative correlation between CD1a (Langerhans cells) levels and HPV E7 levels was established. HPV E7 levels positively correlated with HIV-tat levels. Perianal tissues demonstrated more CD1a depression and tat associated HPV upregulation. CONCLUSION: HIV influences the expression of HPV genes resulting in local immunosuppression that might lead to an inappropriate immune surveillance of viral infection. Also, tissue type is an important factor in controlling viral transcription in a differentiation dependent manner. These findings may explain the higher rate of dysplasia and neoplasia in the perianal area.  (+info)

Susceptibility of gonococci isolated in London to therapeutic antibiotics: establishment of a London surveillance programme. London Gonococcal Working Group. (3/213)

OBJECTIVES: To establish the in vitro susceptibility of gonococci isolated in the London area to antibiotics in current therapeutic use and to establish a sentinel surveillance system for monitoring trends in antibiotic resistant gonorrhoea in London. METHODS: Isolates of Neisseria gonorrhoeae from consecutive patients attending genitourinary medicine clinics at 10 hospitals in the London area were collected over a 3 month period, May to July 1997. The susceptibility to penicillin, ciprofloxacin, tetracycline, and spectinomycin was determined for each isolate. Isolates exhibiting either plasmid or chromosomally mediated resistance were additionally tested for susceptibility to agents used as alternative treatments including azithromycin, ceftriazone, and ofloxacin. The resistant isolates were also tested for plasmid profiles (penicillinase producing N gonorrhoeae, PPNG), type of tetM determinant (tetracycline resistant N gonorrhoeae, TRNG), and presence of gyrA and parC mutations (quinolone resistant N gonorrhoeae, QRNG). RESULTS: A total of 1133 isolates were collected which represents > 95% of the total gonococci isolated in the 3 months. Plasmid mediated resistance was exhibited by 48 (4.2%) isolates; six (0.5%) were PPNG, 15 (1.3%) were PP/TRNG, and 27 (2.4%) were TRNG. The majority of PPNG (18 of 20 tested) carried the 3.2 MDa penicillinase plasmid whereas the two types of tetM determinant were more evenly distributed. High level resistance to ciprofloxacin was detected in four (0.4%) isolates and double mutations were found in the quinolone resistance determining region (QRDR) of the gyrA gene in three QRNG with MICs of 16 mg/l and a single mutation in one isolate with a MIC of 1 mg/l to ciprofloxacin. No parC mutations were found. Of the remaining 1081 isolates, 86 (8.0%) were chromosomally mediated resistant N gonorrhoeae (CMRNG). CONCLUSIONS: A unique collection of gonococcal isolates has been established which can be used as a baseline for surveillance of susceptibility to antibiotics and for epidemiological purposes.  (+info)

Functional disorders of the anus and rectum. (4/213)

In this report the functional anorectal disorders, the etiology of which is currently unknown or related to the abnormal functioning of normally innervated and structurally intact muscles, are discussed. These disorders include functional fecal incontinence, functional anorectal pain, including levator ani syndrome and proctalgia fugax, and pelvic floor dyssynergia. The epidemiology of each disorder is defined and discussed, their pathophysiology is summarized and diagnostic approaches and treatment are suggested. Some suggestions for the direction of future research on these disorders are also given.  (+info)

Ileoanal anastomosis with reservoirs: complications and long-term results. (5/213)

OBJECTIVE: To determine the rate of complications of ileoanal pouch anastomosis, their treatment and their influence on a successful outcome. DESIGN: A computerized database and chart review. SETTING: Three academic tertiary care health centres. PATIENTS: All 239 patients admitted for surgery between 1981 and 1994 with a diagnosis of ulcerative colitis and familial adenomatosis coli. INTERVENTIONS: Sphincter-saving total proctocolectomy and construction of either S-type of J-type ileoanal reservoir. OUTCOME MEASURES: Indications, early and late complications, incidence of pouch excision. RESULTS: Of the 239 patients, 228 (95.4%) were operated on for ulcerative colitis and 11 (4.6%) for familial polyposis coli. One patient in each group was found to have a carcinoma not previously diagnosed. Twenty-eight patients had poor results: in 17 (7.1%) the ileostomy was never closed or was re-established because of pelvic sepsis or complex fistulas, sclerosing cholangitis or severe diarrhea; 11 (4.6%) patients required excision of the pouch because of anal stenosis, perirectal abscess-fistula or rectovaginal fistula. Three patients died--of suicide, and complications of liver transplantation and HIV infection. Thus, 208 patients maintained a functioning pouch. The early complication rate (within 30 days of operation) was 57.7% (138 patients) and the late complication rate was 52.3% (125 patients). Pouchitis alone did not lead to failure or pouch excision. Emptying difficulties in 25 patients with anal stenosis were helped in 2 by resorting to intermittent catheterization. Patients with indeterminate colitis had a higher rate of anorectal septic complications, and all patients having Crohn's disease after pouch construction had complicated courses. CONCLUSIONS: The complication rate associated with ileoanal pouch anastomosis continues to be relatively high despite increasing experience with this technique. Overall, however, a satisfactory outcome was obtained in 87% of patients.  (+info)

The clinical spectrum of Clostridium sordellii bacteraemia: two case reports and a review of the literature. (6/213)

Clostridium sordellii is rarely associated with disease in humans. Since its first report in 1922 only a few cases of bacteraemia have been reported. This report describes two cases of C sordellii bacteraemia; the oldest and youngest patients reported to date. The first, is a previously well 81 year old woman presented with perianal infection, which was later complicated by thrombosis of the aorta, and the second is a 12 year old boy with epilepsy who presented with an ear infection. These cases are also highlighted to demonstrate the wide spectrum of presentation of sordellii bacteraemia.  (+info)

Prevalence and risk factors for anal human papillomavirus infection in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive and high-risk HIV-negative women. (7/213)

Little is known about the epidemiology of anal human papillomavirus (HPV) infection in women. We studied 251 human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive and 68 HIV-negative women for the presence of anal HPV by use of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and hybrid capture. Medical and behavioral risk factors were evaluated; 76% of HIV-positive and 42% of HIV-negative women were found to have anal HPV DNA via analysis by PCR (relative risk [RR], 1.8; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.3-2.5). Among 200 women for whom there were concurrent anal and cervical HPV data, anal HPV was more common than cervical HPV in both HIV-positive (79% vs. 53%) and HIV-negative women (43% vs. 24%). By multivariate analysis of HIV-positive women, CD4(+) cell counts 500 cells/mm(3) (RR, 1.4; 95% CI, 1.1-1.5), and cervical HPV infection (RR, 1.3; 95% CI, 1.1-1.4) were associated with anal HPV infection. Women >45 years old had reduced risk, compared with women <36 years old (RR, 0.80; 95% CI, 0.50-0.99), as did African American women (RR, 0.86; 95% CI, 0.72-1.0), compared with white women. Anal HPV infection is underrecognized in HIV-positive and high-risk HIV-negative women.  (+info)

Topical phenylephrine increases anal canal resting pressure in patients with faecal incontinence. (8/213)

INTRODUCTION: The internal anal sphincter receives a stimulatory alpha(1) adrenergic innervation. Use of an adrenergic agonist may therefore have a role in treating patients with faecal incontinence. METHODS: Ten patients (seven females, median age 66 years) with passive faecal incontinence related to weak internal anal sphincter were studied. All patients had intact anal sphincters as assessed by endoanal ultrasound. Phenylephrine gel was applied in a double blind manner in concentrations of 0%, 10%, 20%, 30%, and 40% (Slaco Pharma (UK) Ltd, Watford, UK) on separate days. Maximum resting anal pressure (MRP), anodermal blood flow, blood pressure, and pulse rate were measured before, and one and two hours after application. RESULTS: All concentrations of phenylephrine gel increased median MRP (43, 48, 54, 65, and 70 cm H(2)O, for placebo, 10% (p=0.122), 20% (p=0.170), 30% (p=0.002), and 40% (p=0.004), respectively at one hour; comparisons with placebo). This was sustained at two hours. There was a clear dose-response relationship at one hour. Higher concentrations raised median MRP to within the normal range (> 60 cm H(2)O). At two hours, all concentrations greater than 20% increased the pressure to a similar degree, suggesting that the exact concentration may be important for the initial effect but given a certain threshold is less important after a period of time. Toxicity was rare. Two patients experienced transient perianal burning which settled within a few minutes. There was no significant effect on anodermal blood flow, blood pressure, or pulse rate. CONCLUSION: This study has demonstrated the feasibility of using topical phenylephrine to raise resting anal tone in patients with faecal incontinence. Randomised controlled trials are required to assess the efficacy of this agent.  (+info)

*History of surgery

Of diseases of the anus. IV. Of the king's evil. V. Of wounds. VI. Of gun-shot wounds. VII. Of fractures and luxations. VIII. ... proposing that diseases have natural causes along with the Four temperaments theory of disease, and leaving the Hippocratic ... The text includes recipes, a pharmacopoeia and descriptions of numerous diseases as well as cosmetic treatments. It mentions ... Hunter greatly advanced knowledge of venereal disease and introduced many new techniques of surgery, including new methods for ...

*David Henry Goodsall

Diseases of the Anus and Rectum. Longmans, Green & Co., 1900. Marvin L. Corman. Colon and Rectal Surgery, page 298. Lippincott ... He developed an interest in rectal surgery, writing a chapter in Diseases of the Anus and Rectum in which Goodsall's rule is ...

*List of MeSH codes (C06)

... rectal diseases MeSH C06.405.469.860.101 --- anus diseases MeSH C06.405.469.860.101.163 --- anus neoplasms MeSH C06.405.469.860 ... inflammatory bowel diseases MeSH C06.405.205.731.249 --- colitis, ulcerative MeSH C06.405.205.731.500 --- crohn disease MeSH ... inflammatory bowel diseases MeSH C06.405.469.432.249 --- colitis, ulcerative MeSH C06.405.469.432.500 --- crohn disease MeSH ... hirschsprung disease MeSH C06.405.469.158.701.591 --- megacolon, toxic MeSH C06.405.469.158.850 --- sigmoid diseases MeSH ...

*Gastroenterology

Diseases affecting the gastrointestinal tract, which include the organs from mouth to anus, along the alimentary canal, are the ... 1. International Classification of Disease (ICD 2007)/WHO classification: Chapter XI, Diseases of the digestive system,(K00-K93 ... while proctology encompasses the fields of anus and rectum diseases. They are traditionally considered sub-specialties of ... Rudolph Schindler described many important diseases involving the human digestive system during World War I in his illustrated ...

*Gay sexual practices

Goldstone, Stephen E.; Welton, Mark L. (2004). "Sexually Transmitted Diseases of the Colon, Rectum, and Anus". Clin Colon ... link) Center for Disease Control, Increases in Unsafe Sex and Rectal Gonorrhea Among Men Who Have Sex With Men - San Francisco ... Center for Disease Control (CDC) (2016-08-12). "Gay and Bisexual Men , HIV by Group , HIV/AIDS , CDC". cdc.gov. Retrieved ... Syphilis & MSM (Men Who Have Sex With Men) - CDC Fact Sheet, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention "Reported STDs in the ...

*Charles Bent Ball

Ball became a specialist in rectal diseases, writing The rectum and anus: their diseases and treatment (1887, 2nd ed. 1894) and ... Amongst his patients was John Millington Synge, who suffered from Hodgkin's disease. ... The rectum: its diseases and developmental effects (1908). He also contributed to journals and the Rectum article in F. ...

*Gastrointestinal disease

Diseases affecting the rectum and anus are extremely common, especially in older adults. Hemorrhoids, vascular outpouchings of ... Other causes of chronic liver disease are genetic or autoimmune disease, such as hemochromatosis, Wilson's disease, autoimmune ... Liver disease may also be a result of lifestyle factors, such as fatty liver and NASH. Alcoholic liver disease may also develop ... Infectious liver disease may cause a fever. Chronic liver disease may result in a buildup of fluid in the abdomen, yellowing of ...

*Bowel management

Bowel control is often a challenge for children who are born with anomalies in their anus or rectum, Hirschsprung's disease, ... Children who suffer from fecal incontinence after the repair of an imperforate anus are usually those born with a bad prognosis ... Children operated on for imperforate anus and who suffer from fecal incontinence can be divided into two groups that require ... Some patients operated on for Hirschsprung's disease have this anatomic problem as do those with spinal problems. The supply of ...

*Pediatric surgery

Hirschsprung's disease, imperforate anus, undescended testes abdominal wall defects: omphalocele, gastroschisis, hernias chest ... Common pediatric diseases that may require pediatric surgery include: congenital malformations: lymphangioma, cleft lip and ...

*Toilets in Japan

... prompting other bacteria to adhere around the anus, causing skin disease (inflammation) around the anus. Some proctologists in ... It has two settings: one for washing the anus and one for the bidet. The former is called posterior wash, general use, or ... The user can select to wash the anus or vulva by pressing the corresponding button on the control panel. Usually the same ... By default, the vulva receives less pressure than the anus. Researchers in Japan have found that most users prefer a water ...

*Human anus

To prevent diseases of the anus[citation needed] and to promote general hygiene, humans often clean the exterior of the anus ... The anus passes through the pelvic floor. The anus is surrounded by muscles. The top and bottom of the anus are surrounded by ... The human anus (from Latin anus meaning "ring", "circle") is the external opening of the rectum. Two sphincters control the ... Example of a Grade IV hemorrhoid, one that protrudes out of the anus. SOA-Condylomata-acuminata-around-anus.jpg Example of Anal ...

*Orofacial granulomatosis

Crohn's disease can affect any part of gastrointestinal tract, from mouth to anus. When it involves the mouth alone, some ... Zbar, AP; Ben-Horin, S; Beer-Gabel, M; Eliakim, R (March 2012). "Oral Crohn's disease: is it a separable disease from orofacial ... The disease usually presents in adolescence or young adulthood. It may occur in either sex, but males are slightly more ... The disease is characterized by non-caseating granulomatous inflammation. That is, the granulomas do not undergo the caseating ...

*List of ICD-9 codes 740-759: congenital anomalies

Imperforate anus (751.3) Hirschsprung's disease (751.4) Congenital anomalies of intestinal fixation (751.5) Other congenital ... Cystic kidney disease (753.2) Obstructive defects of renal pelvis and ureter (753.3) Other specified anomalies of kidney Renal ...

*13q deletion syndrome

Hirschsprung's disease; gastric reflux, imperforate anus, retention testis, ectopic kidney, renal agenesis, and hydronephrosis ... 13q deletion syndrome is a rare genetic disease caused by the deletion of some or all of the large arm of human chromosome 13. ... Congenital heart disease is associated with 13q deletion syndrome. Common defects include atrial septal defect, tetralogy of ...

*Constipation in children

The disease causes constipation because the inappropriate positioning of the anus which make it difficult to pass a bowel ... Imperforate anus is an anus that ends in a blind pouch and does not connect to the rest of the person's intestines. Small left ... A number of diseases present at birth can result in constipation. They are as a group uncommon with Hirschsprung's disease (HD ... imperforate anus, strictures, and small left colon syndrome. Anterior displacement of the anus can be diagnosed on physical ...

*Chester Beatty Medical Papyrus

Subscription required (help)). Viso, L.; Uriach, J. (October 1995). "The 'Guardians of the anus' and their practice". ... 10686, British Museum) also contains some recipes dealing with anorectal diseases." Marry, Austin (January 21, 2004). "Ancient ... December 1965). "The Chester Beatty Medical Papyrus: the earliest known treatise completely devoted to anorectal diseases". ... Diseases of the Colon & Rectum. Springer-Verlag. 17 (1): 21-37. doi:10.1007/BF02587532. ( ...

*List of dog diseases

They are characterized by draining tracts in the skin around the anus. The cause is unknown. Surgical treatment is common, but ... This list of dog diseases is a selection of diseases and other conditions found in the dog. Some of these diseases are unique ... The disease in dogs is usually nodular skin lesions of the head and trunk. Aspergillosis* is a fungal disease that in dogs is ... Lyme disease* is a disease caused by Borrelia burgdorferi, a spirochaete, and spread by ticks of the genus Ixodes. Symptoms in ...

*Crohn's disease

The disease can attack any part of the digestive tract, from mouth to anus. However, individuals affected by the disease rarely ... Grave's disease and Crohn's disease. Marks DJ, Segal AW (January 2008). "Innate immunity in inflammatory bowel disease: a ... Perianal discomfort may also be prominent in Crohn's disease. Itchiness or pain around the anus may be suggestive of ... Crohn's disease is a type of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) that may affect any part of the gastrointestinal tract from mouth ...

*List of diseases (O)

... hereditary Ochronosis Ockelbo disease Ocular albinism Ocular coloboma-imperforate anus Ocular convergence spasm Ocular ... This is a list of diseases starting with the letter "O". Diseases Alphabetical list 0-9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T ... autosomal recessive Optic atrophy Optic disc drusen Optic nerve coloboma with renal disease Optic nerve disorder Optic nerve ... Osebold-Remondini syndrome Osgood-Schlatter disease OSLAM syndrome Osmed syndrome Ossicular malformations, familial Osteitis ...

*American Society of Colon and Rectal Surgeons

... "to provide participants with in-depth and up-to-date knowledge relative to surgery for diseases of the colon, rectum, and anus ... of the Society as stated in the Constitution is the cultivation and promotion of knowledge in whatever relates to diseases of ...

*Pelvic examination

The perineum, the space between the vagina and the anus is inspected. It should be smooth, firm and free of disease. Scars from ... The anus is assessed for lesions, inflammation or trauma. It should appear dark, continuous and moist. In an obese women, ... Other vaginal swabs can be taken at this time to test for sexually transmitted diseases. The next part of the pelvic exam is ...

*Pruritus ani

... from the small intestine or colon to the skin surrounding the anus can form as a result of disease (such as Crohn's disease), ... Pruritus ani is the irritation of the skin at the exit of the rectum, known as the anus, causing the desire to scratch. The ... Some diseases increase the possibility of yeast infections, such as diabetes mellitus or HIV infection. Treatment with ... Aside from diseases relative to the condition, a common view suggests that the initial cause of the itch may have passed, and ...

*Tyzzer's disease

Dead muskrats were found with blood around their anus and internal bleeding, therefore Errington called this new condition " ... Tyzzer's disease is an acute epizootic bacterial disease found in rodents, rabbits, dogs, cats, birds, pandas, deer, foals, ... Tyzzer's Disease. . Wobeser, G. A. 2006. Essentials of disease in wild animals. University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Canada. ... After Errington's death, the name "hemorrhagic disease" was changed to "Errington's disease". It was not until 1971 that the ...

*Behçet's disease

Painful genital ulcerations usually develop around the anus, vulva, or scrotum and cause scarring in 75 percent of the patients ... With Behçet's disease as an intercurrent disease in pregnancy, the pregnancy does not have an adverse effect on the course of ... Inflammatory eye disease can develop early in the disease course and lead to permanent vision loss in 20 percent of cases. ... Behçet's disease has a high degree of resemblance to diseases that cause mucocutaneous lesions such as Herpes simplex labialis ...

*Down syndrome

Celiac disease affects about 7-20% and gastroesophageal reflux disease is also more common. Individuals with Down syndrome tend ... Other frequent congenital problems include duodenal atresia, pyloric stenosis, Meckel diverticulum, and imperforate anus. ... Many (15%) who live 40 years or longer develop Alzheimer disease. In those who reach 60 years of age, 50-70% have the disease. ... The rate of congenital heart disease in newborns with Down syndrome is around 40%. Of those with heart disease, about 80% have ...

*Childbirth

This may exist in a pregnancy already impaired by maternal or fetal disease, or may rarely arise de novo in labour. This can be ... Tears can involve the perineal skin or extend to the muscles and the anal sphincter and anus. The midwife or obstetrician may ... ISBN 978-0-443-01011-8. "Mortality and Burden of Disease Estimates for WHO Member States in 2004" (xls). Department of ... "Mortality and Burden of Disease Estimates for WHO Member States in 2004" (xls). Department of Measurement and Health ...
Rectal tightness and muscle spasm. What is the treatment for Levator Ani Syndrome?. The common types of treatment for levator ani syndrome are usually muscle relaxants, hot baths, and proper diet and exercise. In most cases, there is an underlying element of chronic stress and anxiety which causes these muscles to tighten up and spasm. This pelvic floor muscle tension causes pain and burning. In order for most cases of levator ani syndrome to be resolved, trigger point therapy or internal massage on the levator ani/rectal muscles can bring great relief. The treatment itself can be very painful, but the overall relief from treatment can be felt almost immediately. ...
Are you looking for Perianal Abscess Surgery. You can Book Appointment Online for Perianal Abscess by Visiting Medtravels.in. Find best Hospitals & Doctors for Perianal Abscess Treatment at affordable Price.
Purpose: To assess whether EMG directed biofeedback therapy or Botulinum toxin type A injection of the levator ani muscles has any effect on pain from the levator ani syndrome, and, in addition, to what extent either treatment is superior to the other in terms of anorectal physiologic measurements, and quality of life.. Study Design: Randomized, prospective, unblinded double-armed study with crossover.. Methodology: Female subjects, aged 18 and over, with painful levator ani muscle spasm for at least one month duration will be randomized to receive either biofeedback therapy or Botulinum toxin type A injection. After randomization they will all undergo visual analog pain scoring, anorectal manometry, colonoscopy (if clinically indicated), and self-reported SF-36 quality of life measurement. Each patient will also complete numerical pain scale scoring, an SF-36, and a satisfaction questionnaire at each treatment visit and follow-up visit. Patients will submit these by mail. Identification numbers ...
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to assess the impact of diabetes mellitus, Crohns disease, HIV/aids, and obesity on the prevalence and readmission rate of perianal abscess.. METHODS: The study cohort was based on the Swedish National Patient Register and included all patients treated for perianal abscess in Sweden 1997-2009. The prevalence and risk for readmission were assessed in association with four comorbidity diagnoses: diabetes mellitus, Crohns disease, HIV, and/or AIDS and obesity.. RESULTS: A total of 18,877 patients were admitted during the study period including 11,138 men and 4557 women (2.4:1). Crohns disease, diabetes, and obesity were associated with a significantly higher prevalence of perianal abscess than an age- and gender-matched background population (p , 0.05). In univariate analysis, neither age nor gender had any significant impact on the risk for readmission. In a multivariate Cox proportional hazard analysis, Crohns disease was the only significant risk factor ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Anal condyloma treatment and recurrence in hiv- Negative men who have sex with men. AU - Silvera, Richard J.. AU - Smith, Casey K.. AU - Swedish, Kristin A.. AU - Goldstone, Stephen E.. PY - 2014/6. Y1 - 2014/6. N2 - BACKGROUND: Men who have sex with men have increased prevalence of both human papillomavirus and anogenital condyloma. OBJECTIVE: Risk factors for multiple treatment and recurrence of anal condyloma were examined. DESIGN: This is a retrospective study of HIV-negative men who have sex with men who were treated for anal condyloma. SETTINGS: This study was conducted in a private surgical practice. PATIENTS: The patients were HIV-negative men who have sex with men, aged 18 years or older. INTERVENTION(S): Ablation with electrocautery or CO2 laser was performed, as well as excision and topical imiquimod condyloma treatment adjuvant. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Primary clearance, defined as 4 months of condyloma-free survival posttreatment, and recurrence, defined as any anal ...
List of 24 disease causes of Perianal lesions, patient stories, diagnostic guides. Diagnostic checklist, medical tests, doctor questions, and related signs or symptoms for Perianal lesions.
PubMed comprises more than 30 million citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books. Citations may include links to full-text content from PubMed Central and publisher web sites.
Acknowledgments: The authors thank Drs. Laurence Weiss, Gustavo Gonzalez-Canali, Dominique Batisse, Marina Karmochkine, Martin Buisson, and Didier Jayle for their help in enrolling patients in the study; Helena Bonner and Daniel Felmlee for their technical assistance; and Gilles Chatellier for his help in statistical analysis.. Grant Support: SIDACTION-ENSEMBLE CONTRE LE SIDA provided funding to design the study, collect the data, and send the samples from Paris to San Francisco; to perform the histologic, cytologic, and HPV PCR analyses; and to perform the statistical analysis. Cytyc Corp., France, provided vials of PreservCyt fixative fluid and TransCyt filters used in the study. The National Center for Research Resources, National Institutes of Health, U.S. Public Health Service (5 M01-RR-00079), provided additional funding for performing HPV PCR.. Requests for Single Reprints: Christophe Piketty, MD, Hpital Europen Georges Pompidou, 20 rue Leblanc 75015 Paris, France; e-mail, ...
Proctalgia Fugax refers to and implies perirectal pain, or short sharp pain in the rectum, which lasts for under a minute, disappears for days or even months, and has no evidence of any known organic complication or disease. It is acknowledged that rectal muscle spasm [incorporating the sphincter muscles] causes Proctalgia Fugax.. In contrast, Levator Ani Syndrome refers to recurrent and more frequent rectal pain, lasting at times for almost twenty minutes or longer, also in the absence of any organic disease that may cause or explain the pain. The pain associated with Levator Ani Syndrome is often more engrossing than that felt with a Proctalgia Fugax event and could even be the precursor to a full blown Chronic Pelvic Pain status.. Both of these disorders are synonymous and the use of their terms if often used interchangeably. Both are contentious issues with no known etiology [origin].. [iv] Pudendal Nerve Entrapment [PNE]. Although very rare, Pudendal Nerve Entrapment can be a major source ...
A total of 602 MSM were recruited and laboratory data were available for 578 of them (96.0%). HIV and anal HPV prevalence were 8.5% and 62.1%, respectively. And 48 MSM (8.3%) were found to be co-infected. The HPV genotypes identified most frequently were HPV06 (19.6%), HPV16 (13.0%), HPV52 (8.5%) and HPV11 (7.6%). Different modes of HPV genotypes distribution were observed with respect to HIV status. A strong dose-response relationship was found between HIV seropositivity and multiplicity of HPV genotypes (p,0.001), which is consistent with the observation that anal HPV infection was an independent predictor for HIV infection ...
August 22, 2017. Objective: To present the clinical management and comprehensive differential diagnosis of a patient with anorectal pain from a perianal abscess. Clinical Features: A 41-year-old woman presented with pain localized to her perianal and gluteal region, accompanied by internal and external rectal pain. Prior to presentation, the patient had received a working diagnosis of levator ani. Read More. ...
Surgery: Perianal abscess. Diagnostic in Halle, Germany ✈ Find the best medical programs at BookingHealth - ✔Compare the prices ✔Online booking.
Diagnostics of perianal abscess (costs for program #187513) ✔ Merian Iselin Clinic ✔ Department of General Surgery ✔ BookingHealth.com
Anal Pain is also called Proctalgia fugax and Levator ani syndrome. This means anal pain of an unknown cause and symptoms can vary widely.
OBJECTIVE--To determine whether anal intercourse is a risk factor for anal HPV infection in women. DESIGN--Results derived from clinical examination, anal cytology and HPV DNA hybridisation were correlated with data obtained from a questionnaire administered to the patients at the time of their clinical examination. SETTING--A sexually transmitted diseases (STD) clinic in Sydney, Australia. SUBJECTS--31 women attending the clinic for HPV related problems. METHODS AND RESULTS--A thorough history was elicited from each woman followed by physical examination of the anogenital region. Cervical and anal scrapes were collected for cytology and HPV DNA hybridisation. Of the 15 women who practised anal intercourse, a total of 12 (80%) had either clinical or subclinical HPV infection. Seven had overt anal warts, situated either internally or externally in the anal canal; and further 5 women had evidence of subclinical HPV infection as determined by positive cytological and/or HPV DNA hybridisation ...
i went to the hospital, and was admitted for drainage surgery the next morning, only the next morning the surgeon sent me home saying it wasnt big enough to drain and i would be fine to go on remicade. and since i wasnt having any pain on the left side it wouldnt help anyways ...
IBD News Today is strictly a news and information website about the disease. It does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. This content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Never disregard professional medical advice or delay in seeking it because of something you have read on this website ...
However, it remains difficult to reliably measure this structure because of the lack of clear limits. Also, the proposed use of a finger introduced into the vagina as a landmark seems to be of poor benefit, altering its normal configuration due to the digital compression on the central perineum [24, 25]. Three-dimensional endosonography may provide accurate imaging of the perineal body in females and more accurate measurement (Fig. 26). The anococcygeal raphe is seen as a posterior hypoechoic triangle (Fig. During the examination, a sequence of ultra- sonic images is acquired while the tissue is slightly compressed by the ultrasound probe [1]. Using numerical analysis of image pairs for the acquired sequence, the tissue strain is calculated that represents the spatial elasticity distribution of a specific cross-section of the organ. However, the techniques mentioned above appear to be most valuable for pre- and postoperative evaluation of anorectal malignancy. The most promising new technique ...
UCL Discovery is UCLs open access repository, showcasing and providing access to UCL research outputs from all UCL disciplines.
The surgical boarding of Crohns disease (CD) admitted as a last effort of treatment against behavior in those the therapy prescribes it has failed, it supposes a loss on perspective that can postpone the delay in the recovery of patients and it retracts them of a better quality of life when it is considered that 50% of patients maintain inactive illness during years after selected surgical procedures; some rate no reached by the most effective treatments. The risk to specify surgical procedure in the course of CD rises to 75% of payees, more than 50% in the first year from the diagnosis, and practically 100% patients in the evolution when it is contemplated to attend perianal lesions ...
well girls, im gatecrashing the fat fighters! i am really proud that i have lost 2 stone since feb- which for me, is bloomin amazing! i have been a size 20 and 141/2 stone since i had milly over 3yrs ago. when she was 6 months old, i stopped bf and was ready to start to exercise etc but i got a perianal abscess (ouch, ouch ouch) which took 3 ops and 16 months to heal. so consequently i spent all that time laid up on sofa getting fatter! as soon as id healed in feb 08 we started ttc and i caught in march so had managed to get down to 13 1/2 stone ...
This article was reported by NAM aidsmap. NAM aidsmap reported that the incidence of anal infection with strains of cancer-causing human papillomavirus ...
Anal HPV infection can be a risk factor for anal cancer, which is a common non-AIDS-defining cancer among HIV-infected MSM. Screening for anal cancer is not widely available and can be difficult to implement. People who receive the FDA-approved quadrivalent HPV vaccine, Gardasil, may have a reduced risk of developing anal HPV infection, which may in turn reduce the risk of developing anal cancer. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of the quadrivalent HPV vaccine, Gardasil, at reducing the incidence of anal HPV infections in HIV-infected MSM and HIV-infected women.. This study enrolled HIV-infected MSM and HIV-infected women. Participants were randomly assigned to receive the HPV vaccine or a placebo vaccine. At the screening study visit, participants underwent a physical examination, blood collection, anal swab procedure, oral examination, questionnaires, a high-resolution anoscopy (HRA), and if female, a pregnancy test, vaginal swab, and gynecologic exam. At the entry ...
The evolution of perianal lesions during treatment was analyzed retrospectively. The team considered patients who had a clear anatomic improvement and who did not develop any perianal complications as responders.. The team found that after 3 years, the cumulative probabilities of remaining free of perianal complications and achieving a clear anatomic improvement were 0.47 and 0.4, respectively. They determined that 29% of patients were responders to azathioprine or 6-mercaptopurine therapy. The doctors identified the absence of fistula, duration of perianal disease shorter than 22 months, and age ≥40 years at inclusion as factors associated with response to therapy. There was no correlation between the response of perianal lesions and the achievement of intestinal remission with azathioprine or 6-mercaptopurine.. Dr Thierry Lecomtes team concluded, "One-third of patients with perianal lesions of Crohns disease demonstrated a clear improvement during azathioprine or 6-mercaptopurine therapy". ...
Do I have anal warts?. In many cases, anal warts may remain unnoticed. They often occur without pain or discomfort. Anal warts are found inside and around the area of the anus. Anal warts start as small bumps that may be no larger than the head of a pin. Initially, they may be too small to be noticed. As they grow, they can develop a cauliflower-appearance when several are clustered together. They may be flesh-coloured, yellow, pink, or light brown.. Since the virus that causes anal warts also causes genital warts, warts may occur on other parts of the body at the same time. In women, they may appear on the vulva, vagina, or cervix. In men, genital warts can develop on the penis, scrotum, thighs, or groin. They may also grow on the mouth or throat of an infected person.. Though rare, other symptoms of anal warts can include itching, bleeding, or discharge from the anus. An infected person also may have the sensation of having a lump in the anal area.. A physician can diagnose anal warts by ...
Looking for information on Dog Perianal Fistulas in Cheyenne? We have compiled a list of businesses and services around Cheyenne that should help you with your search. We hope this page helps you find information on Dog Perianal Fistulas in Cheyenne.
Anorectal diseases seen in AIDS patients include both infections and tumors. HSV is the most common infectious agent found. Vesicles in the anal canal may be missed as they rupture during defecation or examination. Herpes infection in AIDS patients most often presents as a painful, shallow spreading perineal ulcer. A smaller group of patients present with idiopathic ulcers, originating at the anorectal junction. Perianal and intra-anal condylomata occur in AIDS patients as well as non-AIDS patients and are related to infection with HPV. Tumors in the anorectal region include KS, lymphoma, and squamous cell carcinoma or its variants.. Hemorrhoidal disease also is seen frequently. Factors predisposing to hemorrhoids may have predated the HIV infection. Severe diarrhea or proctitis may promote local thrombosis, ulceration, and secondary infection. Fleshy skin tags, resembling those seen in Crohns disease, are also seen. Thrombosed hemorrhoids occur frequently, but it is unclear if the incidence is ...
What are anal warts?. Anal warts (also called "condyloma acuminata") are a condition that affects the area around and inside the anus. They may also affect the skin of the genital area. They first appear as tiny spots or growths, perhaps as small as the head of a pin, and may grow larger than the size of a pea. Usually, they do not cause pain or discomfort to afflicted individuals. As a result, patients may be unaware that the warts are present. Some patients will experience symptoms such as itching, bleeding, mucus discharge and/or a feeling of a lump or mass in the anal area.. Anal warts, thought to be caused by the human papilloma virus, can grow larger and spread if not removed.. It is important to know that Anal warts can be found both heterosexuals and in men who have sex with men. Either way, it is nothing to be ashamed of - and it is something that you SHOULD SEEK TREATMENT FOR.. Continue Reading ». Tags: aldara, anal wart, Anal Warts, common wart, condyloma, fighting the war on warts, ...
What are anal warts?. Anal warts (also called "condyloma acuminata") are a condition that affects the area around and inside the anus. They may also affect the skin of the genital area. They first appear as tiny spots or growths, perhaps as small as the head of a pin, and may grow larger than the size of a pea. Usually, they do not cause pain or discomfort to afflicted individuals. As a result, patients may be unaware that the warts are present. Some patients will experience symptoms such as itching, bleeding, mucus discharge and/or a feeling of a lump or mass in the anal area.. Anal warts, thought to be caused by the human papilloma virus, can grow larger and spread if not removed.. It is important to know that Anal warts can be found both heterosexuals and in men who have sex with men. Either way, it is nothing to be ashamed of - and it is something that you SHOULD SEEK TREATMENT FOR.. Continue Reading ». Tags: aldara, anal wart, Anal Warts, common wart, condyloma, fighting the war on warts, ...
While the study has shown that anal lesions and high grade anal dysplasia is common among gay men and men who have sex with men (MSM) who are living with HIV, Grulichs findings have revealed the lesions often resolve spontaneously and routine treatment may be unnecessary.. Anal cancer and its precursors, anal dysplasia and neoplasia (abnormal cell growth and tissue changes), are more common among people living with HIV - especially men who have sex with men - than in the general population.. Grulichs natural history study was designed to learn more about the role anal human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and anal cancer precursors in HIV-positive and HIV-negative gay men plays in incident, risk factors and occurrence.. Some high risk types of HPV can lead to anal and cervical cancer, often first manifesting as intraepithelial lesions (LSIL), which can progress to high-grade lesions (HSIL).. However HPV does not always cause abnormal changes and Grulichs study has shown that HSIL is quite ...
Anorectal Diseases Intro. One Stop Medical Center offers: Hemorrhoid Treatment Minneapolis, Hemorrhoids care St Paul, hemorrhoid laser surgery Edina, MN
Anal pain & lesions may identify patients at risk of high-grade anal dysplasia for whom routine screening with high-resolution anoscopy could benefici
I started to feel pain inside my anus again on December 13, 2015 and I went to ER. A CT scan was performed and I had a EUA, abscess drained and seton placed. I was still in pain after surgery which became unbearable after 3 days. I went again at ER, another CT was performed and was told that abscess got bigger and was not drained completely the first time. Another surgery was performed to drain it ...
Perianal fistula are painful lesions around the anus of dogs, particularly German shepherds. Immunomodulatory therapy is the treatment of choice.
Results 142 patients were recruited over 10 months at 15 centres. Mean age 39 years, 64% female.. At operation, 9% had a fistula identified (no fistulotomies) and 97% were packed. Average number of dressing changes in 21 days was 7.4.. Packing causes a double to three-fold increase in pain. Pain intensity halves after a week (Table 1).. At 4 weeks, 48% healed. 8 week fistula rate was 21% and recurrence rate 9% (n = 2) at 6 months. 26 patients withdrew consent or were lost to follow-up.. The estimated dressing and community nursing costs are £159.84 per patient, equating to £2,877,120 in England alone (18,000 patients per annum). ...
[ Pilonidal Cyst Teeth ] - Homeopathic Remedies For Pilonidal Cyst Lovetoknow,Marsupialization Of A Pilonidal Cyst Doccheck Pictures,A Lump Under My Arm
A child with cystic duplication of the rectum containing ectopic duodenal mucosa and aberrant pancreatic tissue presenting as a chronic perianal fistula is reported. The duplication was removed by subtotal excision of the cyst along with mucosal sleeve resection from the common septum with the rectal wall.. ...
Does anyone have a dog with Perianal Fistula? Our female 6 year old GSD Renata seemed to get this about 5 months ago. At first the vet thought it was a...
Learn about the veterinary topic of Perianal Fistula. Find specific details on this topic and related topics from the Merck Vet Manual.
The dentate line marks the junction of these two structures as the anal canal continues more distally joining the perianal skin at the anal verge (Figure 2). The anal canal mucosa consists of stratified squamous epithelium and contains no hair follicles or sweat glands. At the anal verge, the anoderm thickens and includes hair follicles and other cutaneous appendages. Proximal to the dentate line, the rectal ampulla narrows to conform to the opening of the anal canal. In doing so, its mucosa takes on a pleated appearance, forming 8 to 14 convoluted longitudinal folds: the columns of Morgagni. Each adjacent column is connected at the dentate line by a flap of mucosa that forms a small anal crypt, normally 1 to 3 mm deep. Anal sepsis, cryptitis, perianal abscesses, and fistulas result from inflammation, obstruction, and infection of the crypts and glands. The anal wall is a continuation of the usual layers of the wall of the colon and rectum, and the innermost mucosal lining continues to the anal ...
Learn about symptoms, diagnosis & our treatment for anal fistulas-small channels that form between the rectum and the skin, near the anus.
Myself Dr. H.B Shandilya, Graduate in Ayurvedic Medicine (Bachelor of Ayurveda with Mordern Medicine & Surgery ) from Govt. Ayurvedic College Lucknow under Lucknow University. I have also completed my P.G Diploma in Anorectal diseases from PG Institute of medical Sciences Varanasi(BHU).I have 35 Years of Experience for Treating Anorectal Diseases.. ...
ခံစားေနရတဲ့ ေရာဂါလကၡဏာကေတာ့ ၆-၁၂-၂ဝ၁၁ ေန႔ တင္ထားတဲ႔ Post နဲ႔ ျဖစ္စဥ္ေတြ ေတာ္ေတာ္ေလး တူညီတယ္လို႔ ဆိုႏိုင္ပါတယ္။ ယခင္က လိပ္ေခါင္းေရာဂါ ခံစားခဲ့ရပါတယ္။ ႀကံဳသလို ကုသခဲ႔ပါတယ္။ ရန္ကုန္မွာ လြန္ခဲ႔တဲ့ ေလးငါးႏွစ္ေလာက္က ေၾကာ္ညာခဲ့တဲ့ (႕႕႕႕႕) ေဆးခန္း (လိပ္ေခါင္းကို မနာမက်င္ အလုပ္မပ်က္၊ ခဲြစိပ္စရာ မလိုဘဲ၊ ေနာက္ဆံုးေပၚ ေဆးတစ္လံုး ထိုး႐ံုန႔ဲ ေပ်ာက္ကင္းတယ္) ဆိုလို႔ ...
BOSTON-Benign anorectal disease should be treated as a possible marker for precancerous anal lesions in men who have sex with men, Stephen E. Goldstone, MD, said at the American Society of Colon and Rectal Surgeons annual meeting. 1
Anal warts of an AIDS patient. Large collection of warts surrounding and covering the anus of a male AIDS patient from Africa. The infection, by the Papilloma wart virus, is extensive because the virus (HIV) that causes AIDS, weakens a patients immune system. The immune system would normally be able to defend against infection, but HIV allows this infection to become widespread. The wart virus was acquired by anal intercourse while in prison. This is also a common way in which HIV is transmitted. AIDS is acquired immune deficiency syndrome. HIV is the human immunodeficiency virus. - Stock Image M112/0286
Surgery for anal warts - Removal of warts in the anus, caused by human papilloma virus (HPV).. Choose Spire Methley Park Hospital.
Although anal cancer is a rare disease, its incidence is increasing in men and women worldwide. The most important risk factors are behaviors that predispose individuals to human papillomavirus (HPV) infection or immunosuppression. Anal cancer is generally preceded by high-grade anal intraepithelial neoplasia (HGAIN), which is most prevalent in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive men who have sex with men. There is a general consensus that high-risk individuals may benefit from screening. Meta-analysis suggests that 80% of anal cancers could be avoided by vaccination against HPV 16/18. Nearly half of all patients with anal cancer present with rectal bleeding. Pain or sensation of a rectal mass is experienced in 30% of patients, whereas 20% have no tumor-specific symptoms. According to the Surveillance Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) database, 50% of patients with anal cancer have disease localized to the anus, 29% have regional lymph node involvement or direct spread beyond the primary, and
Anal warts do indeed carry an increased risk of rectal cancer, especially if the wart virus is one of the common cancer-associated strains. You can be monitored for the development of cancer --...
UCL Discovery is UCLs open access repository, showcasing and providing access to UCL research outputs from all UCL disciplines.
Ksharasutra Treatment is an Ayurvedic Parasurgical Technique. Great Sushruta narrated in his teachings the use of Kshara for cure of fistula in ano and other anorectal diseases.
Outpatient surgery for anorectal diseases: the experience of the Clinics Hospital of the Medical School, Botucatu, SP, Brazil, in 437 cases ...
Genital and perianal warts are caused by a virus called human papillomavirus (HPV). Learn about common risk factors for genital and perianal warts.
Gary Bucher, MD, FAAFP is the Medical Director and founder of Anal Dysplasia Clinic MidWest, a medical practice dedicated to the anal health of men and women with HPV-related anal disease.
There is no ideal treatment for CD. Surgery is the last resort, after unsuccessful medical therapy or because of acute complications (stricture, perforation, abscess, fistula, severe perianal disease). The adolescent patients view of this chronic illness, with growth and pubertal failure, prolonged medical treatment, and the inconvenience of nutritional support must also be taken into account in therapeutic decisions.. Management of our paediatric population with CD after surgery shows that the sex ratio and mean age at diagnosis were similar to those of other children treated for CD in our institution, and in the literature.3 10 Growth failure was frequent in our patients, but was never the sole indication for surgery, unlike in other series.10 The distribution of sites of CD involvement was similar to that described in the literature,3 with predominant right sided ileocolonic disease (more than 60% of cases in childhood). Surgical procedures were the same, with attempts to be as ...
Chair: Michael Awad, MD, PhD Faculty: Jeffrey Blatnik, MD; Amber Traugott, MD; and Adnan Alseidi, MD Program Outline: -Welcome and Overview: Michael Awad, MD, PhD -Esophagus, Stomach, Obesity: Michael Awad, MD, PhD -General Abdomen, Hernia, Spleen: Jeffrey Blatnik, MD -Colorectal & Anal Disease: Amber Traugott, MD -Small Intestine, Biliary Disease, Flexible Endoscopy: Adnan Alseidi, MD ...
Preparing for ABSITE Chair: Michael M. Awad, MD Faculty: Jeffrey Blatnik, MD; Amber Traugott, MD; and Adnan Alseidi, MD Program Outline: Welcome and Overview , Michael M. Awad, MD, PhD Esophagus, Stomach, Obesity , Michael M. Awad, MD, PhD General Abdomen, Hernia, Spleen , Jeffrey Blatnik, MD Colorectal & Anal Disease , Amber Traugott, MD […] ...
The Report Anal Cancer - Pipeline Review, H2 2016 provides information on pricing, market analysis, shares, forecast, and company profiles for key industry participants. - MarketResearchReports.biz
150 COLONIC AND ANORECTAL DISEASES Harrisons Manual of Medicine 150 COLONIC AND ANORECTAL DISEASES Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) Diverticular disease Intestinal Pseudoobstruction Vascular Disorders (Small and Large Intestine) Colonic Angiodysplasia Anorectal Diseases Bibliography Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) Characterized by altered bowel habits, abdominal pain, and absence of detectable organic pathology. Most common GI disease in…
OBJECTIVES--To investigate the relationship between clinical findings and the detection of human papillomavirus (HPV) DNA in a range of anatomical sites in patients with and without anogenital warts. SUBJECTS--Men and women with a clinical diagnosis of anogenital warts, or a current partner with anogenital warts. SETTING--A department of genitourinary medicine in central London. METHODS--The anogenital areas of the patients were thoroughly examined using a colposcope before and after application of acetic acid. Different types of specimens were taken from a variety of anatomical sites. Superficial skin sampling was performed by the application of slides covered with "Superglue" (SG) to clinically normal and abnormal areas of anogenital skin. The presence of human cells in the SG samples was confirmed by detection of the beta-globin gene using the polymerase chain reaction (PCR). HPV DNA was extracted from the specimens and amplified by using consensus primers with the PCR. HPV types 6, 11, 16, ...
Causes of rectal pain - What are some common causes of rectal pain? Rectal pain. Rectal pain is a common problem. Causes of rectal pain include: hemorrhoids, anal fissure, proctalgia fugax, levator ani syndrome, and less common causes include: cancer, infection, inflammatory bowel disease and rectal prolapse. See your doctor for help with a diagnosis.
Find the best anorectal disorder doctors in Bangalore. Get guidance from medical experts to select anorectal disorder specialist in Bangalore from trusted hospitals - credihealth.com
Levator Ani Syndrome is my #1 problem and have had it for 10+ years. PT only seemed to make things worse. Ive had injections, and all that as well. I was just curious if any of you have tried Interstim for this? Any luck? I need something to break that pain cycle. It is so wound up, that it just ca ...
Perianal fistulas have chronic long course with periods of exacerbation and resolution of symptoms. The general condition of the patients remains good. Efficiency is broken only in acute. The duration of the disease in varying degrees neurotic patients, they become irritable, complaining of frequent headaches, insomnia, impotence. The amount of pus discharge, which is separated from fistula opening is sparse and dirty underwear. In periods of exacerbation it increases.. In 60% of patients chronically relapsing course is. They receive periodic obstruction of fistula hole, enhancing pain, fever with swelling and redness in the area with subsequent breaking gnoetechenie plenty of old fistula opening or a new skin site in the neighborhood. Thus taps obmrazuvat new fistula channel. Continuous purulent macerated skin develops secondary dermatitis with unpleasant itching.. ...
Anorectal Disorders in Oyster Pearl Hospital, Mumbai. Book Doctors Appointment, Consult Online, View Doctor Fees, User Reviews, Address and Phone Numbers of Anorectal Disorders in Oyster Pearl Hospital, Mumbai | Lybrate
Anorectal Disorders. Book Doctors Appointment, Consult Online, View Doctor Fees, User Reviews, Address and Phone Numbers of Anorectal Disorders | Lybrate
Perianal Warts (aka Peri-Anal Warts, Condyloma Acuminata) are flesh colored, cauliflower like growths in and around the anus that is caused by HPV (Human Papilloma Virus). How do I know I have it? Frequently, people only find out they have Perianal Warts if it starts to bleed especially after wiping with toilet paper. Or if their partner notices it and informs them. You will be able to feel the growths with your fingers or see them with a mirror. Perianal Warts do not cause any pain or itch.
The HPV-related diseases that occur in males are genital warts and cancers of the penis, anus, oral cavity, and oropharynx (carcinomas of the head and neck).. ➣ Anogenital warts [7, 28, 29] (grading = 2-, 3, 2+, respectively). In most cases (90%;), anogenital warts are caused by HPV genotypes 6 and 11 [7]. In Italy, the HPV infection and genital warts is not subject to mandatory reporting, according to an investigation at 12 STD centres attended by a high-risk population, genital warts were diagnosed in 33%; of subjects, 73%; of whom were male. The mean age and standard deviation (SD) of the male population was 33.6 (±11.0) years, whereas the mean age (SD) of the female population was 30.9 (±10.9). The distribution by age bracket showed that the proportion of anogenital warts was higher in the 14-25-year age group than in the older age brackets, in both males and females. In Italy, genital warts in STD clinics showed that in males, 89.9%; of anogenital warts were diagnosed in self declared ...
Acceptable accuracy was defined as agreement with the consensus gold standard for ≥85% of patients. Three patients did not undergo MRI; 1 did not undergo EUS or EUA; and consensus could not be reached for 1. Some 32 patients had 39 fistulas (20 trans-sphincteric, 5 extra-sphincteric, 6 recto-vaginal, 8 others) and 13 abscesses. The accuracy of all 3 modalities was found to be ≥85%: EUS 29 of 32 (91%), MRI 26 of 30 (87%), and EUA 29 of 32 (91%). Accuracy was 100% when any 2 tests were combined. Author David A. Schwartz, of the Mayo Clinic, Rochester, concluded on behalf of the rest of his team, "EUS, MRI, and EUA are accurate tests for determining fistula anatomy in patients with perianal Crohns disease. "The optimal approach may be combining any 2 of the 3 methods." ...
Differences Between Anal Warts and Hemorrhoids - Both are often confused as the same, yet they stem from different causes and are treated very differently.
We would like to send you information about relevant academic and professional offerings. Please check the box if you wish to receive such information. See our Privacy Policy. ...
There is dysplastic squamous epithelium with coarse chromatin, nuclear hyperchromasia, nuclear enlargement, irregular nuclear membranes, and an increase nuclear-to-cytoplasmic ratio. Mitotic activity is abundant. Several atypical mitoses are identified. The dysplastic squamous epithelium shows minimal maturation toward the surface (AIN 3). A sizable portion of the lesion show some maturation to the surface (AIN 2). Inflammation at the dermal-epidermal interface is minimal and the dermal-epidermal interface is well-demarcated. Focal ulceration is present. The margin of the biopsy has severely dysplastic epithelium (AIN 3). ...
What is Anus? The anus is the opening where the gastrointestinal tract ends and exits the body. The anus starts at the bottom of the rectum, the last porti
If you think you have genital and perianal warts or have been exposed to HPV, see your doctor for a diagnosis. Click here to learn what you can expect at your exam
Question - Im having groing, lower back and perianal discomfort/pain - RK. Find the answer to this and other Urology questions on JustAnswer
White canker sore on anus - I have a what looks like an canker sore/ulcers type thing on my left buttcheek towards my anus. Its really painful and doesnt seem to go away. See a doctor.... That is not normal and should be evaluated by a doctor. If it were me, id get to a physician right away!
Introduksi a. Definisi Suatu tindakan pembedahan untuk membuang fistula perianal b. Ruang lingkup Keluhan awal nyeri pada sekitar anus; yang kemudian mengeluh keluar cairan / lendir dari lubang di sekitar anus. c. Indikasi operasi Gejala Klinis : keluar cairan/lendir dari lubang di sekitar anus. Radiologi : fistulografi, terdapat track lubang fistel atau sinus d. Kontra…
What could cause the appearance of a swollen anus in female mice? We first encountered this problem a few months ago. A mouse we purchased a few days prior wen
Anal cancer treatment can vary depending on stage and type. The treatment descriptions here are for general information and are based on general guidelines.
This kind of anal cancer is like bowel cancer and is treated in a very similar way. It is a very rarely occurring cancer when compared with colon cancer. It
Anal cancer is different from colon and rectal cancer. Find out about the treatment options for anal cancer and the potential side effects you may experience.
This pages discusses anal cancer risk factors and causes. If you are concerned you may have symptoms you should see your medical provider.
Learn more about Anal Cancer at Sky Ridge Medical Center DefinitionCausesRisk FactorsSymptomsDiagnosisTreatmentPreventionrevision ...
Learn more about Anal Cancer at Sky Ridge Medical Center DefinitionCausesRisk FactorsSymptomsDiagnosisTreatmentPreventionrevision ...
Anal high-risk human papillomavirus infection and high-grade anal intraepithelial neoplasia detected in women and heterosexual men infected with human immunodeficiency virus Sumanth Gandra, Aline Azar, Mireya WessolosskyDivision of Infectious Disease and Immunology, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA, USABackground: Although anal high-risk human papillomavirus (HR-HPV) infection and anal cytological abnormalities are highly prevalent among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected men who have sex with men (MSM), there are insufficient data on these abnormalities among HIV-infected heterosexual men (HSM) and women. In this study, we evaluated the prevalence of anal HR-HPV, cytological abnormalities, and performance of these screening tests in detecting high-grade anal intraepithelial neoplasia (AIN2+) among our cohort of HIV-infected MSM and non-MSM (HSM and women).Methods: A single-center, retrospective cohort study was conducted with HIV-infected individuals who underwent anal
Symptoms include pain, inflammation and itching. Treatment for mild cases of hemorrhoids may include sitz baths, cool compresses, pain relievers and over-the-counter topical medication. For chronic hemorrhoids, there are several options such as hemorrhoid banding, injections and infrared coagulation. Surgical options such as hemorrhoidectomy and stapling are reserved for the most serious cases. Anal Warts Condyloma, or anal warts, are caused by the human papilloma virus (HPV) and form on the skin around the anus. There are many types of papilloma virus. Some types develop warts on the hands and feet while others cause genital and anal warts. Many people do not complain of any complications from anal warts. Others complain of itching, bleeding or moisture in the anal area. Treatment for anal warts include cauterization, ointments or a special type of acid (podophyllin or bichloracetic acid). Several treatments are necessary to cure anal warts. Even if the warts have been "removed," the virus can ...
Alertness, Alzheimers disease, athletic performance, balance and posture, body fat reducer (cellulite), breathing enhancement, bronchitis, bulimia, cancer, chronic fatigue syndrome, circulation improvement, colitis, coronary heart disease, Crohns disease, diabetic neuropathy, diarrhea, digestion enhancement, diverticulitis, endorphin release stimulation, epilepsy, fatigue, gastritis, gastrointestinal disorders (colon motility), headache (tension-type), heart rate reduction, hormonal imbalances, increasing parasympathetic nervous system activity, inflammation, inflammatory bowel disease, insomnia, intensive care unit stress, irritable bowel syndrome, joint disorders, leukemia, levator ani syndrome (coccygodynia), lumbar disc herniation, lymph flow enhancement, malnutrition (emaciation in children), mastectomy adjunct, maternal-infant bonding, menorrhagia, menstrual cramps, muscle and joint disorders (muscle damage), muscle relaxation, muscle spasm, muscle wasting/weakness, nausea, pain, ...
Define perianal sinus. perianal sinus synonyms, perianal sinus pronunciation, perianal sinus translation, English dictionary definition of perianal sinus. Adj. 1. perianal - around the anus
Originally described in 1959 by Drs. Hermansky and Pudlak, HPS is now known to be a rare autosomal recessive disease of lysosome-related organelles.2 There are several subtypes, but all share oculocutaneous albinism and platelet dysfunction.1 Different subtypes have associated conditions and differ in the affected gene.3 HPS type 1 is the most common subtype and is associated with Puerto Rican heritage due to a founder mutation in this population. HPS types 1 and 4 are associated with granulomatous enterocolitis that is phenotypically similar to CD.1,4,5 A case series of 4 patients reported that 3 of 4 patients had perianal disease, all were treated with infliximab, and 2 of 4 patients had complete response to infliximab at 6 weeks.6 Similar to the patient in Case 1, two of their patients underwent colectomy, one of which was due to severe acute rectal hemorrhage. In a case series of 8 HPS patients with colitis seen on colonoscopy, 1 patient showed perianal disease and 2 patients were treated ...
Introduction The quadrivalent HPV vaccine is highly effective in primary prevention of anogenital warts (AGWs). However, there is lack of systematic review in the literature of the epidemiology of...
Anus Odors - MedHelps Anus Odors Center for Information, Symptoms, Resources, Treatments and Tools for Anus Odors. Find Anus Odors information, treatments for Anus Odors and Anus Odors symptoms.
Hi I am new to this forum but would love some advice from anyone who has had abscess and fistula problems. I have recently had recurrent perianal abscesses form and have just had two setons put in 4 days ago. The surgeon stated that the sepsis was quite bad however I should feel better instantly as the sepsis has been drained and the setons are now in place. I am still feeling terrible and achy with a headache and extreme fatigue. I just wanted to know how long it took for other people with the same problem to feel better? I know that the chance of the setons not working is quite high so am hoping this is not the case ...
Out of all of my surgeries, the draining seton was by far the easiest. Theres pain for a few days after, but eventually it ends up fine. Ive now had my fistula for over 5 years. For me, it ended up turning into kind of a piercing - the skin all the way around it healed completely, but the tunnel was still there, if that makes sense. I dont even need a seton anymore. But when I had it in, after a few months I barely even noticed it was there ...
piles,Hemorrhoids, Fissure in ano, Fistula in ano, Inflammatory bowel disease, colorectal malignancies, pilonidal sinus, rectal polyps, pruritus ani, perianal abscess, ano rectal diseases, sai kripa hospital, dghal, bilaspur ...
piles,Hemorrhoids, Fissure in ano, Fistula in ano, Inflammatory bowel disease, colorectal malignancies, pilonidal sinus, rectal polyps, pruritus ani, perianal abscess, ano rectal diseases, sai kripa hospital, dghal, bilaspur ...
Im trying to find information on a rare anal canal cancer. My husband is 57 and has had Perianal Crohns Disease since his early 20s. Has never allowed an illeostomy to be performed. A rare (from what his doctors tell us) cancer was found in his anal canal. The "tumor" itself is actually filled with a gelatinous material which is the cancer, when debulked prior to treatment, the tumor was flat. My husband refused surgery and recently finished chemo/radiation therapy. 6 weeks with the infusion pump (5-FU) and 6 weeks radiation. Just wondering if anyone has infomation on this type of adenocarcinoma they can share. Thanks! ...
Treatment for anal cancer in the past typically meant extensive surgery and the removal of the anus. Today doctors have found ways to control anal cancer through radiation and chemotherapy, saving the anus and preserving normal bowel function for anal cancer survivors. But that isnt always possible for late-stage anal cancers. However, the majority of anal cancer is caught in its earliest stages - when treatment provides the best chance for cure.. Continue reading Anal cancer →. ...
The Division of Colorectal Surgery specializes in the treatment anal and rectal cancer and well as a wide variety of benign colorectal and anorectal conditions. Our physicians perform office, outpatient and inpatient surgical procedures for anorectal conditions including hemorrhoids, abscess, fissure, fistula and prolapse. For complex anorectal disease conditions, our team uses both perineal and abdominal procedures to achieve disease and symptom control while maintaining sphincter function and preservation of quality of life.
Abbas A, Yang G, Fakih M. Management of anal cancer in 2010. Part 1: Overview, screening, and diagnosis. Oncology (Williston Park) 2010;24(4):364-369. [PMID: 20464850]. Abramowitz L, Benabderrahmane D, Ravaud P, et al. Anal squamous intraepithelial lesions and condyloma in HIV-infected heterosexual men, homosexual men and women: prevalence and associated factors. AIDS 2007;21(11):1457-1465. [PMID: 17589192]. Anderson J, Hillma R, Hoy J, et al. Anal intraepithelial neoplasia (AIN) and high-risk HPV types in HIV-infected men and women with mild to moderate immunosuppression. Abstract P-242. 22nd International Papillomavirus Conference & Clinical Workshops; 2005 Apr 30-May 6; Vancouver, Canada.. Berry JM. Anal human papilloma (HPV) infection, anal dysplasia and anal cancer in HIV-positive men and woman. Abstract PE3-01. 22nd International Papillomavirus Conference & Clinical Workshops; 2005 Apr 30-May 6; Vancouver, Canada.. Berry JM, Jay N, Cranston RD, et al. Progression of anal high-grade ...
Poynten IM; Tabrizi SN; Jin F; Templeton DJ; Machalek DA; Cornall A; Phillips S; Fairley CK; Garland SM; Law C, 2017, Vaccine-preventable anal human papillomavirus in Australian gay and bisexual men, Papillomavirus Research, vol. 3, pp. 80 - 84, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pvr.2017.02.003. Molano M; Tabrizi SN; Garland SM; Roberts JM; MacHalek DA; Phillips S; Chandler D; Hillman RJ; Grulich AE; Jin F, 2016, CpG methylation analysis of hpv16 in laser capture microdissected archival tissue and whole tissue sections from high grade anal squamous intraepithelial lesions: A potential disease biomarker, PLoS ONE, vol. 11, http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0160673. Hillman RJ; Cuming T; Darragh T; Nathan M; Berry-Lawthorn M; Goldstone S; Law C; Palefsky J; Barroso LF; Stier EA, 2016, 2016 IANS International Guidelines for Practice Standards in the Detection of Anal Cancer Precursors, Journal of Lower Genital Tract Disease, vol. 20, pp. 283 - 291, ...
[80 Pages Report] Check for Discount on Genital Warts (Condylomata Acuminata) Global Clinical Trials Review, H2, 2017 report by GlobalData. Genital Warts (Condylomata Acuminata) Global Clinical Trials Review, H2, 2017...
Internal sphincter muscle of anus definition at Dictionary.com, a free online dictionary with pronunciation, synonyms and translation. Look it up now!
The external anal sphincter (or sphincter ani externus ) is a flat plane of muscular fibers, elliptical in shape and intimately adherent to the skin surrounding the margin of the anus. The external anal sphincter measures about 8 to 10 cm in length, from its anterior to its posterior extremity, and is about 2.5 cm opposite the anus, when defecation occurs the sphincter muscle retracts. It consists of two strata, superficial and deep. The superficial, constituting the main portion of the muscle, arises from a narrow tendinous band, the anococcygeal raphe, which stretches from the tip of the coccyx to the posterior margin of the anus; it forms two flattened planes of muscular tissue, which encircle the anus and meet in front to be inserted into the central tendinous point of the perineum, joining with the superficial transverse perineal muscle, the levator ani, and the bulbospongiosus muscle also known as the bulbocavernosus. The deeper portion forms a complete sphincter to the anal canal. Its ...

Treatment For Thrombosed Hemorrhoid - Ways To Cure Internal Hemorrhoids SymptomsTreatment For Thrombosed Hemorrhoid - Ways To Cure Internal Hemorrhoids Symptoms

gorskicar: Hemorrhoids are varicose veins in the anus and they are anal vein plexus disease. They commonly occur in people aged ... Hemorrhoids are they blood vessels within our rear end and also anus area that occasionally swell up. Internal hemorrhoids, ... each year the most popular problem regarding external hemorrhoids since there are lots of people who suffer out of this disease ...
more infohttp://hemorrhoids-exercise.com/kieh.aspx

What s Good For Hemorrhoids : Home Remedy For Hemorrhoids | Hemorrhoids And Liver DiseaseWhat s Good For Hemorrhoids : Home Remedy For Hemorrhoids | Hemorrhoids And Liver Disease

You will see a small quantity of brilliant red blood on the exterior of your anus, on the lavatory paper or in the stool. ... An internal hemorrhoid can protrude or prolapsed by means of your anus.. An external hemorrhoid is located underneath the skin ... Fully dry off your anal region following your warm bath to stay away from irritating the skin that surrounds your anus. ... External hemorrhoids are situated around the anus. They can by itchy and incredibly painful, especially if they turn out to be ...
more infohttp://hemorrhoidsandliverdisease70.blogspot.com/2012/09/what-s-good-for-hemorrhoids-home-remedy.html

अर्श-विमर्श  what can you do for internal hemorrhoids what causes external hemorrhoids what causes hemorrhoids what causes...अर्श-विमर्श what can you do for internal hemorrhoids what causes external hemorrhoids what causes hemorrhoids what causes...

... what causes piles disease,what causes piles to bleed,what cures hemorrhoids,what do hemorrhoids come from,what do hemorrhoids ... piles disease,piles disease home remedies,piles disease in hindi,piles disease medicine,piles disease symptoms,piles disease ... मलद्वार (ANUS) के सभी प्रकार के रोगों जैसे कि बवासीर, फीशर, फिस्चुला व अन्य सभी प्रकार रोगों के कारण, लक्षण, जांच व एलोपैथिक, ... what is piles disease,what is piles disease symptoms and treatment,what is the best treatment for hemorrhoids,what is the best ...
more infohttps://pustak.info/2017/09/15/what-can-you-do-for-internal-hemorrhoids-what-causes-external-hemorrhoids-what-causes-hemorrhoids-what-causes-internal-hemorrhoids-what-causes-piles/

अर्श-विमर्श  signs of hemorrhoids signs of internal hemorrhoids signs of piles sitz bath sitz bath for hemorrhoids sore piles...अर्श-विमर्श signs of hemorrhoids signs of internal hemorrhoids signs of piles sitz bath sitz bath for hemorrhoids sore piles...

... piles disease,piles disease home remedies,piles disease in hindi,piles disease medicine,piles disease symptoms,piles disease ... मलद्वार (ANUS) के सभी प्रकार के रोगों जैसे कि बवासीर, फीशर, फिस्चुला व अन्य सभी प्रकार रोगों के कारण, लक्षण, जांच व एलोपैथिक, ... what is piles disease,what is piles disease symptoms and treatment,what is the best treatment for hemorrhoids,what is the best ... moolam disease,moolam disease symptoms,most effective haemorrhoid treatment,most effective hemorrhoid treatment,most effective ...
more infohttps://healthbookshindi.com/2017/09/15/signs-of-hemorrhoids-signs-of-internal-hemorrhoids-signs-of-piles-sitz-bath-sitz-bath-for-hemorrhoids-sore-piles-stop-bleeding-hemorrhoids-swollen-hemorrhoid-treatment-2/

Multiple Causes Of Bleeding Through Anus - DiseasesMultiple Causes Of Bleeding Through Anus - Diseases

This as an article related to bleeding per anus , differential diagnosis. Bleeding may be in the form of different quantity and ... There are many more diseases which can cause bleeding per rectum like piles fistula fissure in anus CA rectum, polyp that is an ... In Ca (cancer) anus or rectum, there is mass-developed inside the anal canal and fecal while travelling causes injury to that ... This is an article related to bleeding per anus, differential diagnosis. Bleeding may be in the form of different quantity and ...
more infohttps://www.sooperarticles.com/health-fitness-articles/diseases-articles/multiple-causes-bleeding-through-anus-1732154.html

Rectum and Anus: Their Diseases and Treatment: Charles Bent Ball: Trade Paperback: 9781375502603: Powells BooksRectum and Anus: Their Diseases and Treatment: Charles Bent Ball: Trade Paperback: 9781375502603: Powell's Books

Their Diseases and Treatment by Charles Bent Ball available in Trade Paperback on Powells.com, also read synopsis and reviews. ...
more infohttps://www.powells.com/book/-9781375502603

Diseases of the anus and rectum - D. H. Goodsall - Google BooksDiseases of the anus and rectum - D. H. Goodsall - Google Books

Diseases of the anus and rectum, Volume 1. Diseases of the anus and rectum, Diseases of the anus and rectum. ... anus_and_rectum.html?id=13qWyAQg8e0C&utm_source=gb-gplus-shareDiseases of the anus and rectum. ... Diseases of the anus and rectum, Part 1. D. H. Goodsall,W. Ernest Miles. Full view - 1900. ... Diseases of the Anus and Rectum, Part 2. David Henry Goodsall,William Ernest Miles. Full view - 1905. ...
more infohttps://books.google.com/books?id=13qWyAQg8e0C&hl=en

Search Results for Anus Diseases A treatise on the malformations, injuries, and diseases of the rectum and anusSearch Results for 'Anus Diseases' 'A treatise on the malformations, injuries, and diseases of the rectum and anus'

Anus Diseases Remove constraint Subjects: Anus Diseases Titles A treatise on the malformations, injuries, and diseases of the ... 1. A treatise on the malformations, injuries, and diseases of the rectum and anus ... rectum and anus Remove constraint Titles: A treatise on the malformations, injuries, and diseases of the rectum and anus Start ... A treatise on the malformations, injuries, and diseases of the rectum and anus 1[remove] ...
more infohttps://collections.nlm.nih.gov/?f%5Bdrep2.subjectAggregate%5D%5B%5D=Anus+Diseases&

Crohn disease of anus and perianal skin - Rooks Textbook of DermatologyCrohn disease of anus and perianal skin - Rooks Textbook of Dermatology

Crohn disease of anus and perianal skin. Log in to Rooks online. Email / username. ... Covering all aspects of skin disease from basic science through pathology and epidemiology to clinical practice, the text is ...
more infohttp://www.rooksdermatology.com/manual/c113-sec-0310

Wellcome Library | Observations on the principal diseases of the rectum and anusWellcome Library | Observations on the principal diseases of the rectum and anus

Observations on the principal diseases of the rectum and anus : particularly stricture of the rectum, the haemorrhoidal ...
more infohttps://wellcomelibrary.org/item/b21301001

Adenocarcinoma of the rectum and anus in a patient with Crohn´s disease treated with infliximabAdenocarcinoma of the rectum and anus in a patient with Crohn´s disease treated with infliximab

Adenocarcinoma of the rectum and anus in a patient with Crohns disease treated with infliximab ... Crohns disease and colorectal carcinoma: rectal cancer complicating long-standing active perianal disease. Am J Gastroenterol ... Anal and rectal cancer in Crohns disease. Colorectal Disease 2003; 5(5): 490-5. [ Links ]. 7. Ribeiro MB, Greenstein AJ, ... so the neoplastic disease was confirmed to be confined to rectum and anus. Surgery was scheduled and the patient underwent ...
more infohttp://scielo.isciii.es/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1130-01082010000800009

Hirschsprung Disease - Imperforate Anus - Rectal Prolapse: Update Course 2015 - GlobalCastMD Video LibraryHirschsprung Disease - Imperforate Anus - Rectal Prolapse: Update Course 2015 - GlobalCastMD Video Library

Jason Frischer ofCincinnati Childrens Hospital Medical Center,presents on Hirschsprung disease,Imperforate anus, and rectal ... Jason Frischer of Cincinnati Childrens Hospital Medical Center, presents on Hirschsprung disease, Imperforate anus, and rectal ... Hirschsprung disease, Imperforate anus, incontinence, jason frischer, lecture ... Enterocolitis in Hirschsprung Disease: Update Course 2015. 557 views April 29, 2016 ...
more infohttps://videolibrary.globalcastmd.com/hirschsprung-disease-imperforate-anus-rectal

Colon, Rectum and Anus: Anatomic, Physiologic and Diagnostic Bases for Disease Management | Springer for Research & DevelopmentColon, Rectum and Anus: Anatomic, Physiologic and Diagnostic Bases for Disease Management | Springer for Research & Development

The book covers key topics in the anatomy and physiology of the colon, rectum and anus and the diagnos ... Colon, Rectum and Anus: Anatomic, Physiologic and Diagnostic Bases for Disease Management. ... rectum and anus and the diagnosis of colorectal/anal diseases and disorders. It thus forms a sound basis for further volumes in ... anatomy Colorectal and anal surgery Diagnosis in coloproctology Endoscopy of the colon and rectum Imaging of anorectal diseases ...
more infohttps://rd.springer.com/referencework/10.1007%2F978-3-319-09807-4

A Study to Compare the Efficacy and Safety of Valacyclovir Hydrochloride ( 256U87 ) Versus Acyclovir in the Treatment of...A Study to Compare the Efficacy and Safety of Valacyclovir Hydrochloride ( 256U87 ) Versus Acyclovir in the Treatment of...

Anus Diseases. Herpes Genitalis. Additional relevant MeSH terms: Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral. Infection. Communicable ... Immune System Diseases. DNA Virus Infections. Skin Diseases, Viral. Skin Diseases, Infectious. Skin Diseases. Valacyclovir. ... Virus Diseases. Sexually Transmitted Diseases. Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes. ... Diseases. HIV Infections. Herpes Simplex. Herpesviridae Infections. Lentivirus Infections. Retroviridae Infections. RNA Virus ...
more infohttps://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT00002000?cond=%22Sexually+Transmitted+Diseases%2C+Viral%22&rank=15

Alkagin Paste in the Prevention of Radiation Dermatitis - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.govAlkagin Paste in the Prevention of Radiation Dermatitis - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov

Gastrointestinal Diseases. Intestinal Diseases. Rectal Diseases. Radiation Injuries. Wounds and Injuries. Anus Diseases. ... Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase Anus Neoplasms Rectal Neoplasms Urogenital Neoplasms Other: Aveeno cream ... Anus Neoplasms. Skin Diseases. Colorectal Neoplasms. Intestinal Neoplasms. Gastrointestinal Neoplasms. Digestive System ...
more infohttps://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT01408407?recr=Open&cond=%22Anus+Diseases%22&rank=5

Anal Disorders | MedlinePlusAnal Disorders | MedlinePlus

ClinicalTrials.gov: Anus Diseases (National Institutes of Health) Journal Articles References and abstracts from MEDLINE/PubMed ... The anus is the opening of the rectum through which stool passes out of your body. Problems with the anus are common. They ... Imperforate anus (Medical Encyclopedia) Also in Spanish * Lower GI Series (National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and ... National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases) Also in Spanish ...
more infohttps://medlineplus.gov/analdisorders.html

Imperforate anus             | Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD) - an NCATS ProgramImperforate anus | Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD) - an NCATS Program

... information resources and questions answered by our Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Specialists for Imperforate anus ... Diseases expand submenu for Diseases * Browse A-Z * Find Diseases By Category expand submenu for Find Diseases By Category * ... Imperforate anus is a birth defect. where the opening to the anus is missing or blocked. The anus, also known as the rectum, is ... Find Diseases By Category expand submenu for Find Diseases By Category *Autoimmune / Autoinflammatory diseases ...
more infohttps://phgkb.cdc.gov/PHGKB/phgHome.action?action=forward&dbsource=cluster&id=26960

On the diseases, injuries, and malformations of the rectum and anus - Thomas John Ashton - Google LivrosOn the diseases, injuries, and malformations of the rectum and anus - Thomas John Ashton - Google Livros

abscess affection anal anus aperient applied astringent attended bistoury bladder bleeding blood bougie bowels bowels acted ... to the symptoms, causes, and treatment of an important class of diseases, which has hitherto been but superficially noticed by ... ROBERT B. CARTER, MRCS ON THE INFLUENCE OF EDUCATION AND TRAINING IN PREVENTING DISEASES OF THE NERVOUS SYSTEM.. Aparece em 157 ... A MANUAL OF OPHTHALMOSCOPIC SURGERY ; being a Practical Treatise on the Use of the Ophthalmoscope in Diseases of the Eye. Third ...
more infohttps://books.google.pt/books?id=EaITSU8tyiwC&q=treatment&dq=editions:HARVARD32044092984996&lr=&hl=pt-PT&output=html_text&source=gbs_word_cloud_r&cad=5

On the diseases, injuries, and malformations of the rectum and anus - Thomas John Ashton - Google LivrosOn the diseases, injuries, and malformations of the rectum and anus - Thomas John Ashton - Google Livros

On the diseases, injuries, and malformations of the rectum and anus. Por Thomas John Ashton ... The most usual seat of stricture of the rectum is within two or three inches of the anus, and it can readily be detected by the ... It must not be supposed, as some writers would lead us to do, that stricture of the rectum is a very frequent disease: those ... The previous history of the case indicating disease of the rectum, an examination was made, and a contraction of the bowel ...
more infohttps://books.google.pt/books?id=EaITSU8tyiwC&pg=PA306&vq=treatment&dq=editions:HARVARD32044092984996&lr=&hl=pt-PT&output=html_text&source=gbs_selected_pages&cad=3

Anthrax : blood coagulum close to the anus of an animal that died of the diseaseAnthrax : blood coagulum close to the anus of an animal that died of the disease

... Login ... Anthrax : blood coagulum close to the anus of an animal that died of the disease. en. ... of Veterinary Tropical Diseases. (Original and digital). CC by-SA The work (as defined below) is provided under the terms of ...
more infohttps://repository.up.ac.za/handle/2263/32657?show=full

How important is rectal bleeding in the diagnosis of bowel cancer and polyps?How important is rectal bleeding in the diagnosis of bowel cancer and polyps?

Overt bleeding from the anus is a common symptom of colorectal cancer but most frequently arises from a benign anal source. The ... Anus Diseases / diagnosis. Colonic Neoplasms / diagnosis*. Colonic Polyps / diagnosis. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Follow- ... Overt bleeding from the anus is a common symptom of colorectal cancer but most frequently arises from a benign anal source. The ...
more infohttp://www.biomedsearch.com/nih/How-important-rectal-bleeding-in/2874287.html

Omphalocele, exstrophy of the cloaca, imperforate anus, and spinal defects complex             | Genetic and Rare Diseases...Omphalocele, exstrophy of the cloaca, imperforate anus, and spinal defects complex | Genetic and Rare Diseases...

A collection of disease information resources and questions answered by our Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Specialists ... for Omphalocele, exstrophy of the cloaca, imperforate anus, and spinal defects complex ... Diseases expand submenu for Diseases * Browse A-Z * Find Diseases By Category expand submenu for Find Diseases By Category * ... Find Diseases By Category expand submenu for Find Diseases By Category *Autoimmune / Autoinflammatory diseases ...
more infohttps://rarediseases.info.nih.gov/diseases/4080/index

CLP1 Gene - GeneCards | CLP1 Protein | CLP1 AntibodyCLP1 Gene - GeneCards | CLP1 Protein | CLP1 Antibody

anus disease. *anal disease. rectal disease. *rectal disorders. - elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via ... 4) MalaCards diseases for CLP1 Gene - From: HGMD, OMIM, GTR, Orphanet, Swiss-Prot, DISEASES, and GeneCards. ... Additional Disease Information for CLP1. ATLAS of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology ... Diseases associated with CLP1 include Pontocerebellar Hypoplasia, Type 10 and Pontocerebellar Hypoplasia. Among its related ...
more infohttps://www.genecards.org/cgi-bin/carddisp.pl?gene=CLP1

TAGAP Gene - GeneCards | TAGAP Protein | TAGAP AntibodyTAGAP Gene - GeneCards | TAGAP Protein | TAGAP Antibody

anus disease. *anal disease. autoimmune disease of gastrointestinal tract. multiple sclerosis. *multiple sclerosis, ... 7) MalaCards diseases for TAGAP Gene - From: HGMD, OMIM, DISEASES, and GeneCards. ... Alterations in this gene may be associated with several diseases, including rheumatoid arthritis, celiac disease, and multiple ... and PUS10 as shared risk loci for Crohns disease and celiac disease. (PMID: 21298027) Festen EA … Rioux JD (PLoS genetics 2011 ...
more infohttp://www.genecards.org/cgi-bin/carddisp.pl?gene=TAGAP
  • This is an article related to bleeding per anus, differential diagnosis. (sooperarticles.com)
  • Covering all aspects of skin disease from basic science through pathology and epidemiology to clinical practice, the text is recognized for its unparalleled coverage of diagnosis. (rooksdermatology.com)
  • It must not be supposed, as some writers would lead us to do, that stricture of the rectum is a very frequent disease: those who have had the greatest opportunities and the most extended fields for observation, whose acumen in the diagnosis of disease, and whose integrity is most to be relied on, have not met with this affection as a common occurrence. (google.pt)
  • In the discussion, characteristics and major risk factors for colorectal cancer in patients with inflammatory bowel disease will be largely reviewed, and current studies will be analyzed in connection with the appearance of neoplasms in patients being treated with biologics. (isciii.es)
  • The subjects addressed in the volume are crucial to effective patient management and the book highlights the fact that adequate diagnostic assessment of a given disease is significantly related to the pathophysiologic interpretation of the pathologic process. (springer.com)
  • Infliximab, a monoclonal antibody against tumor necrosis factor alpha, is an effective tool in the treatment of CD, being now indicated and widely used for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). (isciii.es)
  • The previous history of the case indicating disease of the rectum, an examination was made, and a contraction of the bowel found to exist at three inches from the anus, surrounded by a dense mass of morbid structure. (google.pt)
  • The two most common forms of inflammatory bowel disease are Crohn's disease and Ulcerative Colitis. (lacolon.com)
  • Levator syndrome develops due to muscle spasms that occur near the anus, causing severe sporadic pain in the rectum. (lacolon.com)
  • Dysentery and diarrhoea, particularly when neglected or improperly treated, will lead to the formation of stricture, and it may also result from the cicatrization of ulcers attending the former disease. (google.pt)
  • This table lists symptoms that people with this disease may have. (cdc.gov)
  • For most diseases, symptoms will vary from person to person. (cdc.gov)
  • People with the same disease may not have all the symptoms listed. (cdc.gov)
  • Do you have more information about symptoms of this disease? (cdc.gov)
  • P gina v ... to the symptoms, causes, and treatment of an important class of diseases, which has hitherto been but superficially noticed by surgical writers generally, and but imperfectly understood by many of the profession, have not been unsuccessful. (google.pt)
  • The devices of Qigong which are specialized in the cure Of the and fistulas came to birth in the period of Suitang period in Chaoyuanfang's 'the Analects of source symptoms of All kinds Of Disease' records five devices at that time. (qigonginstitute.org)
  • Throughout his evolution, he was admitted multiple times due to severe outbreaks and various surgical complications of his disease. (isciii.es)
  • Pilonidal disease is a condition that is characterized by a chronic infection of the skin that is just above the buttock crease. (lacolon.com)
  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (cdc.gov)
  • Saving Lives, Protecting People Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (cdc.gov)
  • The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) cannot attest to the accuracy of a non-federal website. (cdc.gov)
  • As the disease progresses, the pus forms and burrows in the direction of least resistance, and may point in the rectum or upon the surface in any part of the ischio-rectal region, where fluctuation may be obtained. (google.com)
  • Diseases associated with CLP1 include Pontocerebellar Hypoplasia, Type 10 and Pontocerebellar Hypoplasia . (genecards.org)
  • As the most commonly sexually transmitted disease worldwide, human papillomavirus (HPV) infections are associated with significant morbidity and mortality. (nih.gov)
  • The oldest operation for which evidence exists is trepanation (also known as trepanning, trephination, trephining or burr hole from Greek τρύπανον and τρυπανισμός), in which a hole is drilled or scraped into the skull for exposing the dura mater to treat health problems related to intracranial pressure and other diseases. (wikipedia.org)
  • Who has a long tine kidney disease can face to the south at yin time (the period of the day from three a.m. to five a.m. (qigonginstitute.org)
  • Alterations in this gene may be associated with several diseases, including rheumatoid arthritis, celiac disease, and multiple sclerosis. (genecards.org)