An order of the class Amphibia, which includes several families of frogs and toads. They are characterized by well developed hind limbs adapted for jumping, fused head and trunk and webbed toes. The term "toad" is ambiguous and is properly applied only to the family Bufonidae.
The family of true toads belonging to the order Anura. The genera include Bufo, Ansonia, Nectophrynoides, and Atelopus.
Polyploidy with three sets of chromosomes. Triploidy in humans are 69XXX, 69XXY, and 69XYY. It is associated with HOLOPROSENCEPHALY; ABNORMALITIES, MULTIPLE; PARTIAL HYDATIDIFORM MOLE; and MISCARRAGES.
The family of true frogs of the order Anura. The family occurs worldwide except in Antarctica.
The outer covering of the body composed of the SKIN and the skin appendages, which are the HAIR, the NAILS; and the SEBACEOUS GLANDS and the SWEAT GLANDS and their ducts.
Profound physical changes during maturation of living organisms from the immature forms to the adult forms, such as from TADPOLES to frogs; caterpillars to BUTTERFLIES.
A species of the true toads, Bufonidae, widely distributed in the United States and Europe.
VERTEBRATES belonging to the class amphibia such as frogs, toads, newts and salamanders that live in a semiaquatic environment.
Infestation of animals with parasitic worms of the helminth class. The infestation may be experimental or veterinary.
A phylum of fungi that was formerly considered a subdivision of Phycomycetes. They are the only fungi that produce motile spores (zoospores) at some stage in their life cycle. Most are saprobes but they also include examples of plant, animal, and fungal pathogens.
Wormlike or grublike stage, following the egg in the life cycle of insects, worms, and other metamorphosing animals.
The contents included in all or any segment of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT.
The chromosome region which is active in nucleolus formation and which functions in the synthesis of ribosomal RNA.
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
Double-stranded DNA of MITOCHONDRIA. In eukaryotes, the mitochondrial GENOME is circular and codes for ribosomal RNAs, transfer RNAs, and about 10 proteins.
Mapping of the KARYOTYPE of a cell.
The process of cumulative change over successive generations through which organisms acquire their distinguishing morphological and physiological characteristics.
A theorem in probability theory named for Thomas Bayes (1702-1761). In epidemiology, it is used to obtain the probability of disease in a group of people with some characteristic on the basis of the overall rate of that disease and of the likelihood of that characteristic in healthy and diseased individuals. The most familiar application is in clinical decision analysis where it is used for estimating the probability of a particular diagnosis given the appearance of some symptoms or test result.
The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.
A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.
The process of cumulative change at the level of DNA; RNA; and PROTEINS, over successive generations.
The total process by which organisms produce offspring. (Stedman, 25th ed)
The transfer of POLLEN grains (male gametes) to the plant ovule (female gamete).
One of many different processes which occur in ANGIOSPERMS by which genetic diversity is maintained while INBREEDING is prevented.
A plant genus of the family FABACEAE that contains butrin and isobutrin.
The pull on a limb or a part thereof. Skin traction (indirect traction) is applied by using a bandage to pull on the skin and fascia where light traction is required. Skeletal traction (direct traction), however, uses pins or wires inserted through bone and is attached to weights, pulleys, and ropes. (From Blauvelt & Nelson, A Manual of Orthopaedic Terminology, 5th ed)
Devices intended to replace non-functioning organs. They may be temporary or permanent. Since they are intended always to function as the natural organs they are replacing, they should be differentiated from PROSTHESES AND IMPLANTS and specific types of prostheses which, though also replacements for body parts, are frequently cosmetic (EYE, ARTIFICIAL) as well as functional (ARTIFICIAL LIMBS).
The number of offspring produced at one birth by an oviparous or ovoviviparous animal.
The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.
An analysis comparing the allele frequencies of all available (or a whole GENOME representative set of) polymorphic markers in unrelated patients with a specific symptom or disease condition, and those of healthy controls to identify markers associated with a specific disease or condition.
The resistance that a gaseous or liquid system offers to flow when it is subjected to shear stress. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Any method of measuring the amount of work done by an organism, usually during PHYSICAL EXERTION. Ergometry also includes measures of power. Some instruments used in these determinations include the hand crank and the bicycle ergometer.
The large hole at the base of the skull through which the SPINAL CORD passes.
The use of a bicycle for transportation or recreation. It does not include the use of a bicycle in studying the body's response to physical exertion (BICYCLE ERGOMETRY TEST see EXERCISE TEST).
The superior part of the upper extremity between the SHOULDER and the ELBOW.
A species of the true toads, Bufonidae, found in South America.
A species of the true toads, Bufonidae, becoming fairly common in the southern United States and almost pantropical. The secretions from the skin glands of this species are very toxic to animals.
A game whose object is to sink a ball into each of 9 or 18 successive holes on a golf course using as few strokes as possible.
A game played by two or four players with rackets and an elastic ball on a level court divided by a low net.
Occasions to commemorate an event or occasions designated for a specific purpose.
A game in which a round inflated ball is advanced by kicking or propelling with any part of the body except the hands or arms. The object of the game is to place the ball in opposite goals.
Activities in which participants learn self-defense mainly through the use of hand-to-hand combat. Judo involves throwing an opponent to the ground while karate (which includes kung fu and tae kwon do) involves kicking and punching an opponent.
Euploid male germ cells of an early stage of SPERMATOGENESIS, derived from prespermatogonia. With the onset of puberty, spermatogonia at the basement membrane of the seminiferous tubule proliferate by mitotic then meiotic divisions and give rise to the haploid SPERMATOCYTES.
The reproductive cells in multicellular organisms at various stages during GAMETOGENESIS.
Any of various ruminant mammals of the order Bovidae. They include numerous species in Africa and the American pronghorn.
Supporting cells projecting inward from the basement membrane of SEMINIFEROUS TUBULES. They surround and nourish the developing male germ cells and secrete ANDROGEN-BINDING PROTEIN and hormones such as ANTI-MULLERIAN HORMONE. The tight junctions of Sertoli cells with the SPERMATOGONIA and SPERMATOCYTES provide a BLOOD-TESTIS BARRIER.
The process of germ cell development in the male from the primordial germ cells, through SPERMATOGONIA; SPERMATOCYTES; SPERMATIDS; to the mature haploid SPERMATOZOA.
The male gonad containing two functional parts: the SEMINIFEROUS TUBULES for the production and transport of male germ cells (SPERMATOGENESIS) and the interstitial compartment containing LEYDIG CELLS that produce ANDROGENS.

Morphology and mechanics of tongue movement in the African pig-nosed frog Hemisus marmoratum: a muscular hydrostatic model. (1/2244)

The goal of this study was to investigate morphological adaptations associated with hydrostatic elongation of the tongue during feeding in the African pig-nosed frog Hemisus marmoratum. Whereas previous studies had suggested that the tongue of H. marmoratum elongates hydraulically, the anatomical observations reported here favour a muscular hydrostatic mechanism of tongue elongation. H. marmoratum possesses a previously undescribed compartment of the m. genioglossus (m. genioglossus dorsoventralis), which is intrinsic to the tongue and whose muscle fibres are oriented perpendicular to the long axis of the tongue. On the basis of the arrangement and orientation of muscle fibres in the m. genioglossus and m. hyoglossus, we propose a muscular hydrostatic model of tongue movement in which contraction of the m. genioglossus dorsoventralis, together with unfolding of the intrinsic musculature of the tongue, results in a doubling in tongue length. Electron micrographs of sarcomeres from resting and elongated tongues show that no special adaptations of the sarcomeres are necessary to accommodate the observed doubling in tongue length during feeding. Rather, the sarcomeres of the m. genioglossus longitudinalis are strikingly similar to those of anuran limb muscles. The ability to elongate the tongue hydrostatically, conferred by the presence of the m. genioglossus dorsoventralis, is associated with the appearance of several novel aspects of feeding behaviour in H. marmoratum. These include the ability to protract the tongue slowly, thereby increasing capture success, and the ability to aim the tongue in azimuth and elevation relative to the head. Compared with other frogs, the muscular hydrostatic system of H. marmoratum allows more precise, localized and diverse tongue movements. This may explain why the m. genioglossus of H. marmoratum is composed of a larger number of motor units than that of other frogs.  (+info)

Structural and phylogenetic characterization of human SLURP-1, the first secreted mammalian member of the Ly-6/uPAR protein superfamily. (2/2244)

Members of the Ly-6/uPAR protein family share one or several repeat units of the Ly-6/uPAR domain that is defined by a distinct disulfide bonding pattern between 8 or 10 cysteine residues. The Ly-6/uPAR protein family can be divided into two subfamilies. One comprises GPI-anchored glycoprotein receptors with 10 cysteine residues. The other subfamily includes the secreted single-domain snake and frog cytotoxins, and differs significantly in that its members generally possess only eight cysteines and no GPI-anchoring signal sequence. We report the purification and structural characterization of human SLURP-1 (secreted mammalian Ly-6/uPAR related protein 1) from blood and urine peptide libraries. SLURP-1 is encoded by the ARS (component B)-81/s locus, and appears to be the first mammalian member of the Ly-6/uPAR family lacking a GPI-anchoring signal sequence. A phylogenetic analysis based on the SLURP-1 primary protein structure revealed a closer relationship to the subfamily of cytotoxins. Since the SLURP-1 gene maps to the same chromosomal region as several members of the Ly-6/uPAR subfamily of glycoprotein receptors, it is suggested that both biologically distinct subfamilies might have co-evolved from local chromosomal duplication events.  (+info)

Morphological clues from multilegged frogs: are retinoids to blame? (3/2244)

Morphological analysis was performed on multilegged deformed frogs representing five species from 12 different localities in California, Oregon, Arizona, and New York. The pattern of duplicated limbs was consistent with mechanical perturbation by trematode infestation but not with the effects of retinoids.  (+info)

The effect of trematode infection on amphibian limb development and survivorship. (4/2244)

The causes of amphibian deformities and their role in widespread amphibian declines remain conjectural. Severe limb abnormalities were induced at high frequencies in Pacific treefrogs (Hyla regilla) exposed to cercariae of a trematode parasite (Ribeiroia sp.). The abnormalities closely matched those observed at field sites, and an increase in parasite density caused an increase in abnormality frequency and a decline in tadpole survivorship. These findings call for further investigation of parasite infection as a cause of amphibian deformities in other sites and species.  (+info)

Chloride dependence of active sodium transport in frog skin: the role of intercellular spaces. (5/2244)

1. In agreement with previous observations the replacement of Cl by a nonpenetrating anion in the solution bathing either the outside or both sides of the frog skin causes a fall in the short-circuit current. 2. When Cl is replaced by a non-penetrating anion in the solution bathing the outside of the frog skin the Isc is still a correct measure of the net Na transport. 3. Under the same conditions both active and shunt paths seem to be affected since there is a decrease in Isc, Na influx, amiloride-dependent conductance, and initial Na uptake across the external barrier, together with a decrease in Cl-backfluxes and amiloride-independent conductance. There is also a decrease in water permeability and a reduction in size of the intercellular spaces. 4. The removal of Cl does not appear to affect the entry step of Na but may have an effect on the shunt path. This in turn may change the active Na transport.  (+info)

Purification from black widow spider venom of a protein factor causing the depletion of synaptic vesicles at neuromuscular junctions. (6/2244)

The aqueous extract of the venom glands of black widow spiders was fractionated on a column of Sephadex G-200 and then on a column of DEAE-Sephadex A-50 pH 8.2. A protein fraction was obtained that caused a great increase in the frequency of occurrence of miniature end plate potentials at the frog neuromuscular junction, and caused swelling of the nerve terminals and depleted them of their vesicles. The fraction consists of a least four protein components that are similar in their molecular weights (about 130,000) and isoelectric points (ranging from pH 5.2 to 5.5) and are immunologically indistinguishable. It contains no sugar residues and has little or no lipolytic or proteolytic activity. The fraction is toxic to mice and is different from the fractions that act on houseflies, the crayfish stretch receptor and the cockroach heart. It seems pure enough to warrant a detailed study of its site and mode of action.  (+info)

Molecular modeling of single polypeptide chain of calcium-binding protein p26olf from dimeric S100B(betabeta). (7/2244)

P26olf from olfactory tissue of frog, which may be involved in olfactory transduction or adaptation, is a Ca2+-binding protein with 217 amino acids. The p26olf molecule contains two homologous parts consisting of the N-terminal half with amino acids 1-109 and the C-terminal half with amino acids 110-217. Each half resembles S100 protein with about 100 amino acids and contains two helix-loop-helix Ca2+-binding structural motifs known as EF-hands: a normal EF-hand at the C-terminus and a pseudo EF-hand at the N-terminus. Multiple alignment of the two S100-like domains of p26olf with 18 S100 proteins indicated that the C-terminal putative EF-hand of each domain contains a four-residue insertion when compared with the typical EF-hand motifs in the S100 protein, while the N-terminal EF-hand is homologous to its pseudo EF-hand. We constructed a three-dimensional model of the p26olf molecule based on results of the multiple alignment and NMR structures of dimeric S100B(betabeta) in the Ca2+-free state. The predicted structure of the p26olf single polypeptide chain satisfactorily adopts a folding pattern remarkably similar to dimeric S100B(betabeta). Each domain of p26olf consists of a unicornate-type four-helix bundle and they interact with each other in an antiparallel manner forming an X-type four-helix bundle between the two domains. The two S100-like domains of p26olf are linked by a loop with no steric hindrance, suggesting that this loop might play an important role in the function of p26olf. The circular dichroism spectral data support the predicted structure of p26olf and indicate that Ca2+-dependent conformational changes occur. Since the C-terminal putative EF-hand of each domain fully keeps the helix-loop-helix motif having a longer Ca2+-binding loop, regardless of the four-residue insertion, we propose that it is a new, novel EF-hand, although it is unclear whether this EF-hand binds Ca2+. P26olf is a new member of the S100 protein family.  (+info)

Chlamydia pneumoniae in a free-ranging giant barred frog (Mixophyes iteratus) from Australia. (8/2244)

The koala biovar of Chlamydia pneumoniae was identified in lung tissue from a sick, free-ranging giant barred frog (Mixophyes iteratus) by using electron microscopy, C. pneumoniae-specific fluorescent-antibody staining, cell culture, and sequencing of the ompA, ompB and 16S rRNA genes. This is the first report of a chlamydial strain infecting both a homeotherm and a poikilotherm and only the fourth host (in addition to humans, koalas, and horses) to be naturally infected with this species of Chlamydia. The frog had severe, chronic, mononuclear pneumonia and nonregenerative anemia and pancytopenia.  (+info)

In the Eleutherodactylus auriculatus group, according to the original publication, and Schwartz, 1969, Stud. Fauna Curaçao and other Caribb. Is., 30: 101. In the Eleutherodactylus auriculatus section, Eleutherodactylus martinicensis series, unassigned to species group, according to Hedges, 1989, in Woods (ed.), Biogeograph. W. Indies: 327. In the Eleutherodactylus (Eleutherodactylus) martinicensis series, Eleutherodactylus martinicensis group, according to Lynch and Duellman, 1997, Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ., 23: 232. In the Eleutherodactylus (Eleutherodactylus) martinicensis species series, Eleutherodactylus antillensis species group, Eleutherodactylus wightmanae species subgroup of Hedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 59. In the Eleutherodactylus (Eleutherodactylus) antillensis species series, Eleutherodactylus wightmanae species group of Padial, Grant, and Frost, 2014, Zootaxa, 3825: 129. See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and ...
In the Eleutherodactylus auriculatus group according to the original publication. Removed from the synonymy of Eleutherodactylus varians by Hedges, Estrada, and Thomas, 1992, Herpetol. Monogr., 6: 67-70. In the Eleutherodactylus (Eleutherodactylus) martinicensis series, Eleutherodactylus martinicensis group of Lynch and Duellman, 1997, Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ., 23: 226. In the Eleutherodactylus (Eleutherodactylus) varians species series, Eleutherodactylus varians species group, Eleutherodactylus varians species subgroup of Hedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 62-64, and of Padial, Grant, and Frost, 2014, Zootaxa, 3825: 130. See map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 349. Díaz and Cádiz, 2008, Guía Taxon. Anf. Cuba: 122-123, provided a brief account, illustration, and map. Henderson and Powell, 2009, Nat. Hist. Rept. Amph. W. Indies: ...
Discoglossus galganoi (it); Discoglossus galganoi (fr); Iberiar apo pintatu (eu); Discoglossus galganoi (ast); Discoglossus galganoi (ca); Iberischer Scheibenzüngler (de); Rã-de-focinho-pontiagudo (pt); Discoglossus galganoi (ga); قورباغه نگارین ایبری (fa); Discoglossus galganoi (bg); Eʼeʼaahjí Naakaii Łibáhí Bikéyahdę́ę́ʼ chʼał naashchʼąąʼígíí (nv); Discoglossus galganoi (ro); Sapo raxado (gl); Discoglossus galganoi (ia); Discoglossus galganoi (vi); Discoglossus galganoi (war); Discoglossus galganoi (pl); Discoglossus galganoi (uk); Iberische schijftongkikker (nl); Portugisisk skivtungegroda (sv); Discoglossus galganoi (es); Discoglossus galganoi (la); Discoglossus galganoi (ceb); Iberian painted frog (en); Discoglossus galganoi (ru); ഐബീരിയൻ ചിത്രത്തവള (ml); Discoglossus galganoi (sq) especie de anfibio (es); উভচর প্রাণীর প্রজাতি (bn); espèce damphibiens (fr); especie danfibiu ...
The four Sold products instruct French to methods, download, and can navigate a text of 70s. This liquid download marsupial frogs of implications is physical for natural, negative, different, and bioelectronics conditions. Our new download marsupial frogs gastrotheca plays shown the short of connections for being the history of these individuals, and the mind of substantial and upper researchers for PurchasePrompt direction of these areas keeping not likely knockout observed on neural humanism.
All the species of Physalaemus Fitzinger, 1826 karyotyped up until now have been classified as 2n = 22. The species of the P. cuvieri group analyzed by C-banding present a block of heterochromatin in the interstitial region of the short arm of pair 5. Physalaemus cicada Bokermann, 1966 has been considered to be a member of the P. cuvieri species group, although its interspecific phylogenetic relationships remain unknown. The PcP190 satellite DNA has been mapped on the chromosomes of most of the species of the P. cuvieri group. For two species, P. cicada and P. kroyeri (Reinhardt & Lütken, 1862), however, only the chromosome number and morphology are known. Given this, the objective of the present study was to analyze the chromosomes of P. cicada and P. kroyeri, primarily by C-banding and PcP190 mapping. The results indicate that P. kroyeri and P. cicada have similar karyotypes, which were typical of Physalaemus. In both species, the NORs are located on the long arm of pair 8, and the C-banding
Bransfords Litter Frog, Eleutherodactylus bransfordii Picture. Found in low and middle elevation wet forests; found on the ground or hidden below the leaf litter.
This thesis describes a hybrid zone between two taxa of toads, Bombina bombina and Bombina variegata in north eastern Croatia. The two taxa can be distinguished at four diagnostic enzyme loci. Clines at these loci are highly concordant; there is strong disequilibrium and substantial heterozygote. Both linkage disequilibrium and heterozygote deficit are asymmetric, being greater on the bombina side than on the variegata side. Different habitats are identified across the zone and a strong association with the genotype of the populations sampled from them, is found. This relationship is consistent across the hybrid zone. The cline is best described by a model which incorporates both a difference in gene frequency between habitats and a width which varies from place to place. Mark recapture studies show extensive movement, which implies that the association between habitat and genotype is due to a habitat preference. Translocation experiments suggest that there is adaptation to the habitats. A ...
Tungara frog: Tungara frog, (Physalaemus pustulosus), terrestrial, toadlike frog common in moist, lowland sites from Mexico to northern South America. The frog is cryptically coloured, its
Gatherer, Derek and del Pino, E. M. (1992) Somitogenesis in the marsupial frog Gastrotheca riobambae. International Journal of Developmental Biology, 36 (2). pp. 283-291. ISSN 0214-6282. Gentleman, S M and Allsop, D and Bruton, C J and Jagoe, R and Polak, J M and Roberts, G W (1992) Quantitative differences in the deposition of βA4 protein in the sulci and gyri of frontal and temporal isocortex in Alzheimers disease. Neuroscience Letters, 136 (1). pp. 27-30. ISSN 0304-3940. Gentleman, S M and Williams, B and Royston, M C and Jagoe, R and Clinton, J and Perry, R H and Ince, P G and Allsop, D and Polak, J M and Roberts, G W (1992) Quantification of βA4 protein deposition in the medial temporal lobe:a comparison of Alzheimers disease and senile dementia of the Lewy body type. Neuroscience Letters, 142 (1). pp. 9-12. ISSN 0304-3940. ...
Previous cytogenetic and phylogenetic analyses showed a high variability in the frog taxa Physalaemus cuvieri and Physalaemus ephippifer and suggested the presence of undescribed diversity in this species complex. Here, by 1) adding specimens from the Brazilian Amazon region, 2) employing sequence-based species delimitation approaches, and 3) including RADseq-style markers, we demonstrate that the diversity in the P. cuvieri-P. ephippifer species complex is even greater than previously suspected. Specimens from Viruá and Western Pará, located at the Guiana Amazonian area of endemism, were recovered as distinct from all previously identified lineages by the phylogenetic analyses based on mitochondrial DNA and RAD markers, a PCA from RAD data, and cytogenetic analysis. The sequence-based species delimitation analyses supported the recognition of one or two undescribed species among these Amazonian specimens and also supported the recognition of at least three other species in the P. cuvieri-P.
Hyla arborea schelkownikowi is one of the leaf frog species inhabiting the southern territories of Russia and the former USSR. This frog species is a member of the Hylidae Rafinesque, 1815 batrachians family. The present study deals with the previously uninvestigated peptidome of the Hyla arborea schelkownikowi skin secretion. Nano-electrospray ionization Fourier transform mass spectrometry (nanoESI-FTMS) of the skin secretion, in the intact form and after acetylation, was selected as the general method of analysis. Electron-capture dissociation (ECD) and collision-induced dissociation (CID) fragmentation were both employed, while de novo sequencing was performed by manual interpretation of the MS data. The suppression of the cyclization of b-ions in the mass spectrometer by the acetylation reaction proved to be very efficient for the de novo sequencing of short peptides. Ten skin peptides were found and all of them, except for bradykinin, had not previously been reported. Six of the peptides ...
Most American green tree frog females breed once per year, but some have multiple clutches in a single mating season.[1] In a Florida population, advertisement calls of males were documented between March and September and pairs in amplexus were observed between April and August. In the Florida population, the average number of offspring in a single clutch was observed to be about 400 eggs.[1] Eggs take between four and 14 days to hatch, with an average of five days.[1] According to the Animal Diversity Web at the University of Michigan Museum of Zoology, Female size was positively correlated with clutch size, but after the initial clutch, the number of eggs nearly always decreased.[1] Breeding is known to be strongly influenced by day length, temperature, and precipitation.[1] While the relative influence of these factors is not well understood, it is known as the frogs generally breed following rainfall, and males call more frequently as temperature and day length increase.[1] Some ...
Coloured scanning electron micrograph (SEM) Coqui frog toe pad (Eleutherodactylus coqui). The coqui, also called the little frog in Puerto Rico, has only a minute tail when it is born, which quickly disappears. Its length ranges between 15mm-80mm and the colour of the coqui varies considerably. green, brown and yellowish, sometimes having touches of different colours. This genus has no inter-digital membrane, which could indicate that they are not adapted to swim. All coquis have disks or pads on the tips of their toes, to help them adhere to surfaces, like moistened leaves. Magnification: x800 when shortest axis printed at 25 millimetres. - Stock Image C032/4676
Hyla chrysoscelis, the Copes grey treefrog; Gilchrist county, Florida (12 April 2014). Learn more about this species at iNaturalist.org.
One persistent issue of the taxonomy of Microhylidae has been the inclusion of scaphiophrynines (Scaphiophryne and Pseudohemisus); the group has been alternatively included in Ranidae or Microhylidae (see review in Wassersug, 1984). The ambiguity was based on the description of tadpoles of two Malagasy species by Angel (1931), which were referred to Pseudohemisus verrucosus and P. longimanus; these tadpoles had beaks and denticles. However, these larvae were shown to belong to ranid species (Blommers-Schlösser, personal communication in Wassersug [1984]). Otherwise, the monophyly of Microhylidae has not been questioned.. The Type 2 larva of Orton (1953, 1957) was generally considered diagnostic of Microhylidae, but larvae of scaphiophrynines, as for many microhylids, remained unknown. However, the description of the tadpole of Pseudohemisus granulosum (Blommers-Schlösser, 1975; Wassersug, 1984, 1989) provided an intermediate suite of characters between the Type 2 and Type 4 tadpoles, and drew ...
Among the Amphibia there are numerous examples of the suppression to a varying extent of a larval stage in the life-history. In such instances the animal is freed by various means from the necessity of passing its early phases of development in open water. This evolutionary trend has nowhere proceeded further than in the Anuran genus Eleutherodactylus, which is distributed through the Caribbean and the adjacent mainlands. In Eleutherodactylus, development is direct and wholly embryonic, and many larval features have been suppressed.. In 1871 was published the first description of a West Indian frog which laid eggs in air, and from which young frogs with fully formed limbs were hatched (Bello y Espinosa, 1871). Since that time some twenty papers have been published on the embryology of different species of the genus, mainly in recent years by Dr. W. Gardner Lynn and his collaborators.. ...
Coloured scanning electron micrograph (SEM) Frog blood in liver blood vessel (coqui, Eleutherodactylus coqui). Frogs have nucleated red blood cells. In the amphibian circulatory system blood accumulates oxygen in the lungs and is then returned to the heart before being pumped through the rest of the circulatory system. Mixing between oxygenated and deoxygenated blood occurs as blood returning to the heart from the lungs is mixed with incoming blood from the body. Frogs depend on cutaneous respiration for their oxygen supply. In this process oxygen from the air is drawn into a frogs body by the blood vessels that lie close to the skin. Waste gas and carbon dioxide are also released the same way. Magnification: x240 when shortest axis printed at 25 millimetres. - Stock Image C032/4707
Exceptional design of Exeter nursing and specialist dementia care home is recognised by Stirling University. Staff and residents at Exeters Green Tree Court residential nursing home are celebrating gaining top marks for creating an exceptionally dementia-friendly environment. The innovative nursing home in Pinhoe has been formally awarded the Stirling Gold Standard, an internationally recognised benchmark devised by the Dementia Services Development Centre (DSDC) based at the University of Stirling in Scotland. The overall score of 94% is exceptionally high and recognises the many elements of the design of the purpose built dementia wing at Green Tree Court that help to make every day activities easier for people living with dementia.. When we first conceived the concept of Green Tree Court, we knew we wanted to do things differently, to really make a difference to the every day lives of our residents, commented Michelle Gorringe, Managing Director of Lexicon Healthcare. We understood that ...
Copeia publishes work on the biology of fishes, amphibians, and reptiles, or work using those organisms as models for testing hypotheses of broad significance.
Hyla andersonii, only about 1-3 inches (25-76 mm) long, is one of the smaller species of tree frogs. Members of the species are predominantly green, with wide, dark stripes. They often have spotted, orange-gold markings on the hidden surfaces of their legs and tend to have large toe pads. The key to distinguishing the Pine Barrens tree frog from the similar-appearing American green tree frog (H. cinerea) is the white-bordered lavender stripe on each side of the body in the Pine Barrens tree frog. H. cinerea has only a white stripe in this location. ...
Santos-Barrera, G., Flores-Villela, O., Solís, F., Ibáñez, R., Savage, J., Chaves, G. & Kubicki, B. 2008. Anotheca spinosa. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2008: e.T55296A11276568. . Downloaded on 18 January 2018 ...
Copeia publishes work on the biology of fishes, amphibians, and reptiles, or work using those organisms as models for testing hypotheses of broad significance.
We report herein a case of predation by the ctenid spider Ctenus medius on a leptodactylid frog Leptodactylus marmoratus, observed in a remnant of the Atlantic Forest, municipality of São Vicente, São Paulo state, southeast Brazil. This is the first record of predation by C. medius upon L. marmoratus. Nevertheless, due to the high abundance of both groups, we suggest that the interaction between spiders and amphibians could be very common on the floor of the Atlantic Forest ...
The Mediterranean tree frog or stripeless tree frog is a species of frog found in Europe. It resembles the European tree frog, but is larger, has longer hind legs, and the flank stripe only reaches to the front
Die Universität zu Köln ist eine Exzellenzuniversität mit dem klassischen Fächerspektrum einer Volluniversität. Als eine der größen Hochschulen Europas arbeitet sie in Forschung und Lehre auch international auf höchstem Niveau.
This dataset contains the digitized treatments in Plazi based on the original journal article Toledo, Luís Felipe (2010): A new species of Elachistocleis (Anura; Microhylidae) from the Brazilian Amazon. Zootaxa 2496: 63-68, DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.195714 ...
(Hyla arborea) The European tree frog is amongst the floppiest creatures. Its vanity is so great that it changes its color depending on the environment in which it occurs. Green against the green. Information on buying property in Nikopol and Pleven region.
Examination of serial sections of the oesophagus and stomach of Rana esculenta and Bombina variegata revealed that oesophageal peptic glands were only present in Rana, where gastric glandular cells performed only one functional role, represented by HCl production. In contrast, in Bombina the gastric glands were mainly of oxynticopeptic cells with dual oxyntic and peptic roles, reflected morphologically by distinct different areas of their cytoplasm. During activity of the oxynticopeptic cells cytoplasmic differences were reduced because the tubular profiles, carrying HCl, and zymogen granules emerged at the cell apex.
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Within Anura, direct development involves ontogenetic changes of the biphasic ancestral pattern. The recent partitioning of the genus Eleutherodactylus, along with the proposition of the unranked taxon Terrarana, has renewed an interest to the morphological and ecological diversity among direct-developing frogs. The morphological changes during embryonic development of Oreobates barituensis is similar to those of other Neotropical direct-developing species, including the reduction or absence of several larval and embryonic characters (e.g., external gills and adhesive glands), heterochronic changes (e.g., early developing limbs and late persistence of ciliated epidermal cells), and the appearance of new structures (e.g., egg tooth). The tail achieves an extraordinary peramorphic development (encloses the entire embryo), and the location of its expanded part is interpreted as a heterotopic change resulting in a novel trait. An enveloping tail with apparently non-heterotopic fins, combined with the
Taxonomy of the frogs of the genus Mannophryne (Amphibia, Anura, Dendrobatidae) by Enrique La Marca; 1 edition; First published in 1994; Subjects: Mannophryne
Arginine vasotocin increases calling-site acquisition by nonresident male grey treefrogs. Microhabitat selection by the Pacific treefrog, Hyla regilla
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Spermatogonia _ three stages of differentiation were distinguished. The primordial spermatogonia or primordial germ cells are the most voluminous cells of the spermatogenetic lineage, whose nuclei are irregular and with a multilobular aspect. They present chromatinic granu-lations, beside a single, eccentric nucleolus. In general, they are very close to the locular wall, and are associate to the Sertoli cells which still have aspect of follicular cells and the nucleus is falciform. It is also common that these sperma-togonia be isolated or joined in small groups, but this do not characterize germ cysts. From mitotic divisions, the primary (I) and the secondary (II) spermatogonia are originated. The secondary ones are smaller, more irregular, and they were identified due to the nuclear compactation degree. The spermatogonia I are organized as cellular cysts with a irregular aspect and hard delimitation, they are located near the locular wall. The spermatogonia II suffer some alterations, which ...
For the purpose of reproduction most amphibians require fresh water although some lay their eggs on land and have developed various means of keeping them moist. A few (e.g. Fejervarya raja) can inhabit brackish water, but there are no true marine amphibians.[66] There are reports, however, of particular amphibian populations unexpectedly invading marine waters. Such was the case with the Black Sea invasion of the natural hybrid Pelophylax esculentus reported in 2010.[67]. Several hundred frog species in adaptive radiations (e.g., Eleutherodactylus, the Pacific Platymantis, the Australo-Papuan microhylids, and many other tropical frogs), however, do not need any water for breeding in the wild. They reproduce via direct development, an ecological and evolutionary adaptation that has allowed them to be completely independent from free-standing water. Almost all of these frogs live in wet tropical rainforests and their eggs hatch directly into miniature versions of the adult, passing through the ...
Recently a new Mathematical Biology program for undergraduate students at the University of Louisiana was developed. In this talk, the new courses that are being developed as part of this program will be presented and the research projects that the undergraduate students participate in will be discussed. In particular, as part of what we hope will be a long-term monitoring survey, a population of the green tree frog (Hyla cinerea) was followed from June through October 2004 and 2005 at the National Wetlands Research Center (NWRC) and the National Marine Fisheries Service complex (NMFC). Due to urbanization, the frog population is relatively isolated. H. cinerea were collected once a week, measured, and marked. Data from the captures were used to estimate the population size of the frogs at the NWRC/NMFC complex. The results indicate that the data period can be split into two time periods: the first during and the second after the breeding season. During the breeding season we found our ...
For the purpose of reproduction most amphibians require fresh water although some lay their eggs on land and have developed various means of keeping them moist. A few (e.g. Fejervarya raja) can inhabit brackish water, but there are no true marine amphibians.[67] There are reports, however, of particular amphibian populations unexpectedly invading marine waters. Such was the case with the Black Sea invasion of the natural hybrid Pelophylax esculentus reported in 2010.[68]. Several hundred frog species in adaptive radiations (e.g., Eleutherodactylus, the Pacific Platymantis, the Australo-Papuan microhylids, and many other tropical frogs), however, do not need any water for breeding in the wild. They reproduce via direct development, an ecological and evolutionary adaptation that has allowed them to be completely independent from free-standing water. Almost all of these frogs live in wet tropical rainforests and their eggs hatch directly into miniature versions of the adult, passing through the ...
Skilled at multi-tasking, our Home Administrator Carol Mayo juggles everything from dealing with essential day-to-day finance, and payroll to meeting visitors and co-ordinating cover for staff sickness. She could be described as the oil that keeps the Green Tree Court engine running smoothly - so here we find out a bit more:. What is a typical day like?. No two days are the same. A large proportion of my role is dealing with finance, whether it is creating reports, sending off a funding tender or producing the monthly billing for our residents. I might be organising our contractors one moment and preparing contracts for staff the next. I thrive on a challenge and it certainly helps to be very adaptable and flexible in this role.. Ive got a great team to help me and together we make sure that every day is perfectly organised. Our aim is for everything to seem calm to everyone else - even if sometimes it doesnt feel that way to us!. You clearly need to be organised - how do you do it?. Ive ...
This family includes only two genera, Barbourula and Bombina. Barbourula occurs in the Philippine Islands (Barbourula busuangensis) and Borneo (Barbourula kalimantanensis). The approximately eight species of Bombina are found in Europe, western Asia, China, Vietnam, and Korea.. Bombina are warty, aquatic toads, and tend to be gregarious. The vocal behavior of some Bombina is unusual in that the call is produced during inhalation rather than exhalation as in other frogs. They lay pigmented eggs in ponds. The tadpoles have beaks, two upper and three lower rows of denticles, and a median spiracle (typical Orton Type 3). Species of Bombina have bright red or yellow mottling on the venter. The German word Unke means toad. Bombina exhibit an unken reflex when bothered. The animal will arch its back and limbs to expose the bright belly, and may turn over on its back. This acts as a warning to predators. Not surprisingly, the skin toxins of Bombina are distasteful.. Barbourula are not as brightly ...
Several representatives of this family of small, diurnal frogs are famous for their bright skin coloration and associated toxins. There are from four to seven genera in this family, and less than 200 species. Distribution is restricted to humid tropical America, from Nicaragua to Brazil, with the greatest diversity in northwestern South America.. Dendrobatids are the most brightly colored of any anuran group. Although the large genus Colostethus is drab-colored and non-toxic, the derived aposematically colored dendrobatids (members of the genera Dendrobates, Phyllobates, and their kin) have skin toxins comprised of lipophilic alkaloids, some of which can easily kill a human if ingested. The only other anuran group exhibiting both bright colors and lipophilic alkaloids are the unrelated Mantellas (Rhacophoridae). Dendrobatids are small (20-40 mm snout-vent length, though the putative basal species, the nocturnal Aromobates, attains lengths of 62 mm). Synapomorphies of this family include the ...
Background. Frogs are generalist predators of a wide range of typically small prey items. But descriptions of dietary items regularly include other anurans, such that frogs are considered to be among the most important of anuran predators. However, the only existing hypothesis for the inclusion of anurans in the diet of post-metamorphic frogs postulates that it happens more often in bigger frogs. Moreover, this hypothesis has yet to be tested.Methods. We reviewed the literature on frog diet in order to test the size hypothesis and determine whether there are other putative explanations for anurans in the diet of post-metamorphic frogs. In addition to size, we recorded the habitat, the number of other sympatric anuran species, and whether or not the population was invasive. We controlled for taxonomic bias by including the superfamily in our analysis.Results. Around one fifth of the 355 records included anurans as dietary items of populations studied, suggesting that frogs eating anurans is not unusual.
This dataset contains the digitized treatments in Plazi based on the original journal article Cisneros-Heredia, Diego F., Mcdiarmid, And Roy W. (2006): A new species of the genus Centrolene (Amphibia: Anura: Centrolenidae) from Ecuador with comments on the taxonomy and biogeography of Glassfrogs. Zootaxa 1244: 1-32, DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.172896 ...
Find the fascicles article Early scientific names of Amphibia Anura I. Introduction on the website of Scientific Publications of the Muséum national dHistoire naturelle, Paris
The Red backed Poison Frog (Ranitomeya reticulata) is a species of frog belonging to the family Dendrobatidae. Its an arboreal insectivorous species, and is the second most poisonous species in the genus, after R. variabilis. Like many species of small poisonous frogs native to South America, its grouped with the poison dart frogs, and is a moderately toxic species, containing poison that is capable of causing serious injury to humans, and death in animals such as chickens. This frog is native to Peru and Ecuador.. Its toxins are utilized as the frogs natural defense mechanisms, making them inedible to many, if not most, of the predators in its natural area. To advertise its poison and to further reduce the risk of injury, the red backed poison frog displays its brilliant warning colors, especially its red-orange back, for which it is named. Like all dendrobatids, it doesnt manufacture the poison itself, but rather is theorized to take the toxins from the ants, mites, and beetles on which it ...
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Applicants can start the online home loan process through Green Tree Servicing, now Ditech Financial LLC, online at Ditech.com, according to GreenTreeServicing.com. The Get Preapproved link is under...
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Constant exposure to the sounds of a busy road can impact a male European tree frogs stress levels, immune system, and vocal sac coloration, scientists show.. 0 Comments. ...
In nature, very often the best way to survive is to remain unoticed. However, if your body is blue and your eyes red things get complicated, unless you find something reddish and rest there for a while. Thats excactly what this male Small Red-eyed Damselfly (Erythromma viridulum) chose to do in order to fit the environemt. This might not be so well displayed by this photo, but if you had the chance to see this insect from the front side, it was extremely camouphlaged ...
This frog can be found in a number of habitats particularly in grassy areas near waterholes. The brown to olive green body has a series of large brown blotches on the back, and there is usually a narrow stripe from snout to vent which varies in colour from white to rusty. There is also a dark band running from snout to the forelimb area, belly is whitish. Fingers are unwebbed but there is frequently a small amount of webbing between the toes. The tympanium is indistinct.. ...
From frogs to humans, selecting a mate is complicated. Females of many species judge suitors based on many indicators of health or parenting potential. But it can be difficult for males to produce multiple signals that demonstrate these qualities simultaneously. In a study of Copes grey tree frogs, a team of University of Minnesota researchers discovered that females prefer males whose calls reflect the ability to multitask effectively. In this species (Hyla chrysoscelis), males produce trilled mating calls that consist of a string of pulses. Typical calls can range in duration from 20-40 pulses per call and occur at the rate of between 5-15 calls per minute. Males face a trade-off between call duration and call rate, but females preferred calls that are longer and more frequent, which is no simple task. The findings were published in the August 2013 issue of Animal Behaviour. Its kind of like singing and dancing at the same time, says Dr. Jessica Ward, a postdoctoral researcher who is ...
For thousands of years, Nature has been considered to be essential for human beings for the treatment of their diseases. Amphibians are an important component of the Animal Kingdom and have played a significant role in sourcing many active compounds and some therapeutics. In the course of this research, genomic and proteomic techniques have been used to investigate the bioactive peptides from the skin secretions of four American amphibian species: the Central American red-eyed leaf frog, Agalychnis callidryas~ the South American orange-legged leaf frog, Phyllomedusa hypochondrialis, Rohdes leaf frog, Phyllomedusa rohdei and the Giant Mexican leaf frog Pachymedusa dacnicolor. The synthetic peptides all exhibited significant biological activities. Medusins were a novel family of antimicrobial peptides found in all species investigated and all possessed a broad-spectrum of antibiotic activity. Phylloseptins were found to be active against both planktonic bacteria and those within biofilms. ...
The quartet of straw pollsters were among the first to leave their marks on the ballot paper ahead of this Thursdays General Election.. The guinea pigs were offered a list of candidates which included Ms G Raff, Mrs C Lyon and Mr R Madillo representing a range of parties like the Liberal Meerkats, the Green Tree Frog party and the Boa Constrictor party. Longleat keeper Rebecca Earner said: They were all extremely keen to get inside the Polling Station; although this may have had something to do with the chopped beans and carrots we had placed inside.. ...
Now, researchers have found a source for potentially revolutionary new drugs in frog skin, ones that may be effective in fighting antibiotic-resistant infections. Particular compounds found in frog skin secretions function as effective bacteriostats and bacteriocides. However, their pharmaceutical development has been hampered by the fact that they are too easily disabled by the human bodys immune system.. But chemists were able to alter some of the frog compounds to make them both more effective at targeting antibiotic-resistant bacteria and longer-lasting inside the bloodstream. Thus, the researchers are now collecting and screening frog skin secretions from around the world with renewed hope.. A news release from the American Chemical Society summarized the research presented at their national meeting, which was held in Boston August 22-26.2 In a cursory statement about how frogs acquired this advanced chemical technology, Michael Conlon, a chemist at the United Arab Emirates University, ...
Female frogs and toads tend to be larger than males. Males attract them with song, then cling to them (sometimes using special clasping pads that develop during the breeding season) and fertilize their eggs as they shed them into water. In most frogs and toads eggs and seminal fluids are emitted at the same time; fertilized eggs are then deposited singly or in clumps or strings.. The eggs hatch into polliwogs, round-bellied, long-tailed larvae that, like those of salamanders, have gills on the outside of their body. In frogs and toads, but not in salamanders, these external gills are soon covered with skin. So most of the tadpoles you catch will have no visible gills.. Eventually, in one of natures most dramatic transformations, the tadpole changes into a frog or a toad, a tailless terrestrial creature with long hind limbs and lungs instead of gills. How long tadpoles stay as tadpoles vary with both species and temperature. Desert-dwelling spadefoot toads may spend a mere two weeks at this ...
Although care of offspring is poorly understood in frogs, up to an estimated 20% of amphibian species may care for their young in some way.[139] The evolution of parental care in frogs is driven primarily by the size of the water body in which they breed. Those that breed in smaller water bodies tend to have greater and more complex parental care behaviour.[140] Because predation of eggs and larvae is high in large water bodies, some frog species started to lay their eggs on land. Once this happened, the desiccating terrestrial environment demands that one or both parents keep them moist to ensure their survival.[141] The subsequent need to transport hatched tadpoles to a water body required an even more intense form of parental care.[140]. In small pools, predators are mostly absent and competition between tadpoles becomes the variable that constrains their survival. Certain frog species avoid this competition by making use of smaller phytotelmata (water-filled leaf axils or small woody ...
Native Tree Society - The NTS is a cyberspace interest group devoted to the documentation and celebration of trees and forests of the North America and around the world. http://www.ents-bbs.org http://www.nativetreesociety.org
Native Tree Society - The NTS is a cyberspace interest group devoted to the documentation and celebration of trees and forests of the North America and around the world. http://www.ents-bbs.org http://www.nativetreesociety.org
In an effort to find a non-chemical means of coqui frog control, different kinds of traps were tested for effectiveness. PVC pipes in a Tee-formation appeared to be more attractive to coqui frogs since more eggs were laid in the PVC pipes than in the bamboo traps (see details under Methods of Control). No nesting was observed in straight PVC pipes (without Tee at one end). This method of trapping using bamboo or PVC material appears ineffective because only 28% of the bamboo traps and 28-30% of those made with PVC were occupied after being set out for 4 months, indicating that the frogs preferred more cryptic nesting places and that there was no shortage of such places in the test plots. Trapping may not reduce coqui frog populations significantly; however, with this method, the frogs make themselves and their eggs more accessible for removal, and the traps can be conveniently checked during daylight hours. ...
Authorities disagree as to whether Salientia is a superorder that includes the order Anura, or whether Anura is a sub-order of ... The order Anura (from the Ancient Greek a(n)- meaning "without" and oura meaning "tail") comprises the frogs and toads. They ... Anura is divided into three suborders that are broadly accepted by the scientific community, but the relationships between some ... The three modern orders of amphibians are Anura (the frogs and toads), Urodela (the salamanders), and Apoda (the caecilians). ...
The order Anura includes the frogs and toads. There is no fundamental difference between frogs and toads. Frogs have a short ... These include the Anura (frogs and toads), Caudata (salamanders and newts) and Gymnophiona (caecilians). They are all rather ... of them are in the Anura.[3] In number of species, they are more successful than mammals, though they occupy a smaller range of ...
Anura; Ranidae) from New Britain and redescription of the poorly known Platymantis macrosceles". Copeia. 2004 (4): 825-841. doi ...
p. 8. Frost, Darrel R. (2017). "Anura". Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. American Museum of ...
Foufopoulos, Johannes; Brown, Rafe M. (2004). "New frog of the genus Platymantis (Amphibia; Anura; Ranidae) from New Britain ...
Bossuyt, F; Roelants, K (2009). Hedges, SB; Kumar, S (eds.). Anura. New York, USA: Oxford University Press. pp. 357-364. ...
The Anura include all modern frogs and any fossil species that fit within the anuran definition. The characteristics of anuran ... The split between Anura and Caudata was estimated as taking place 292 million years ago, rather later than most molecular ... Foster, J. (2007). "Anura (Frogs)". Jurassic west: the dinosaurs of the Morrison Formation and their world. Indiana University ... Heinicke M. P.; Duellman, W. E.; Trueb, L.; Means, D. B.; MacCulloch, R. D.; Hedges, S. B. (2009). "A new frog family (Anura: ...
Frost, Darrel R. (2020). "Anura". Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.1. American Museum of Natural ... Cannatella, David (11 January 2008). "Anura: Discussion of Phylogenetic Relationships (Pipimorpha)". Tree of Life Project. ...
"A new species of Hypsiboas (Amphibia; Anura; Hylidae) from the Venezuelan Guayana, with notes on Hypsiboas sibleszi (Rivero ...
"The island of the giant wolf spiders". Anura. Retrieved 2016-02-02. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) O'Brien, John (2015 ...
CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Frost, Darrel R. (2017). "Anura". Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. ... Anura: Natatanura: Pyxicephalidae), a bullfrog endemic to the lowlands of eastern Africa". Zootaxa. 3599 (3): 201-228. doi: ...
"Anura :: From tadpole to adult - Britannica Online Encyclopedia". Britannica.com. Archived from the original on 2012-10-17. ...
The pickerel frog is a medium sized gray or tan frog marked with seven to twenty-one irregular rectangular dark brown spots which are oriented in two columns down its back.[3] The distinctive rectangular spots of the pickerel frog may blend together to form a long rectangle along the back. All leopard frogs have circular spots. In addition, pickerel frogs have prominent dorsolateral ridges that are unbroken. Another important distinguishing mark is the orange or yellow flash pattern found on the inner surface of the hind legs of pickerel frogs. The frog must be picked up to examine this, as the legs cover the coloration otherwise. The plains leopard frog (Lithobates blairi) exhibits this coloration as well, but the dorsolateral ridges are interrupted and inset medially in that species. The front toes of pickerel frogs are not webbed, a morphological characteristic for some frogs of the genus Rana and some frogs of the genus Lithobates. This allows pickerel frogs to be fit for terrestrial life. ...
Gissi, Carmela; Diego San Mauro; Graziano Pesole; Rafael Zardoya (February 2006). "Mitochondrial phylogeny of Anura (Amphibia ...
The Black-spotted Sticky Frog (Kalophrynus pleurostigma) is a small frog with a black spot just in front of each of its hind legs. It releases a sticky substance when threatened, thereby making it an unpleasant meal for predators, allowing it to escape from harm.. This species develops in the pitchers of some carnivorous Nepenthes,[1] a habitat that is fast diminishing locally. On a global scale, it is not yet considered threatened by the IUCN.. ...
The Levant water frog (Pelophylax bedriagae), formerly belonging to the genus Rana, is a southern European species of frog. They are green to brown in color with dark blotches on their dorsal side. They are cousins of the aquatic frogs and live most of the time in the water. They are not poisonous and are quite large, especially the females. It has been introduced in some countries where it was not native, one of which is Malta. First kept as a pet, then recently during the 1990s, it was deliberately introduced to a number of fresh water rock pools in Gozo, where in one it sustains a large population. Though a prolific and invasive species, it is restricted to constant fresh water supply, so it cannot spread naturally on its own on arid Mediterranean islands. ...
Origin and Identity of Fejervarya (Anura: Dicroglossidae) on Guam. Pacific Science 70(2):233-241. https://doi.org/10.2984/70.2. ...
In a sample of 15 individuals, weights ranged between 600 and 3,250 g (1.32 and 7.17 lb), and snout-vent lengths were between 17 and 32 cm (6.7 and 12.6 in).[3] Their eyes can be nearly 2.5 cm (1.0 in) in diameter. The conspicuous tympanum has a diameter around 0.5 cm (0.20 in) and is separated from the eye by about 5 cm (2.0 in) in adults. Goliath frog eggs and tadpoles are about the same size as other frogs despite their very large adult form. A lateral fold extends from the eye to the posterior portion of the tympanum. Toes are fully webbed, with large interdigital membranes extending down to the toe tips. The second toe is the longest. The skin on the dorsum and on top of the limbs is granular. Dorsal coloration is green sienna, while the abdomen and ventral part of the limbs are yellow/orange. They have acute hearing, but no vocal sac, and also lack nuptial pads. ...
Anura. Family:. Hylidae. Genus:. Cruziohyla. Species:. C. craspedopus. Binomial name. Cruziohyla craspedopus. (Funkhouser, 1957 ...
The mating "ceremonies" begin in spring, when adult frogs congregate on sandy and/or rocky bars to mate. Previously believed to mate from March to May, recent experiments have shown the time to be closer to April to late June.[5] High stream velocities, however, may dislodge R. boylii egg masses from oviposition substrates.[8] Thus, R. boylii avoids rapid waters to protect the egg masses from being swept away. This technique is why the species has a long breeding season. If the conditions do not meet their standards, they refuse to mate and wait until the water velocities go back down to ideal. For the foothill yellow-legged frog, oviposition, or the depositing of eggs, is somewhat sporadic because delays such as rains could cause problems such as unwanted removal of eggs.[5] The males also perform mating calls mostly underwater, and those above the water are faint and hard to hear over 50 m. After the frogs have successfully mated, the egg masses are laid about 0.5 m attached to rocks ...
The Columbia spotted frog reproduces similarly to other amphibians, but with a few unique details added. They need to reproduce in areas where emergent vegetation is present. Two of the favorite types of vegetation for reproduction are reed canary grasses and cattails. The spotted frog reproduces in the same areas where it lives- ponds, slow-moving streams, and lakes. The males present to the females a chorus (type of song) to try to attract a female for mating. This song ranges from a series of clicks to long, glottal sounds. This frog has an unusual characteristic of its reproduction. The male frog arrives at the breeding grounds before the female and establishes the oviposition site before the females become reproductively active. ...
The Wyoming toad, common until their sharp decrease in population in the 1970s, was officially listed as endangered in January 1984. Their only known habitat was located within the Laramie Basin, which was within 30 miles (48 km) of Laramie, Wyoming. The Wyoming toad was most often found along the shores of Mortenson Lake, located southwest of Laramie, Wyoming. This lake, an alpine lake situated at 7,256 feet (2,212 m) above sea level, had maintained a healthy and reproductive population of Wyoming toads. However, recent research shows that the toad has become less procreative, possibly due to a red leg bacteria that was discovered in 1990.[9]. The Wyoming Toad Recovery Group, formed in 1987, was established to help initiate a plan for recovery efforts and extended research. The Group has been focusing primarily on monitoring and protecting the Laramie population and searching for additional habitats or other populations. They also maintain efforts in maintaining a healthy habitat for the ...
The Oregon spotted frog (Rana pretiosa, meaning "precious frog") is a member of the frog family Ranidae of order Anura. It is a ...
... s are active from January to October, depending on latitude and elevation, and hibernate over the winter.[12] Boreal toads in one Colorado population used natural chambers near a small stream bed. The high water table, constantly flowing stream, and deep winter snow served to maintain the air temperature within the hibernaculum at a point slightly above freezing. Emergence from hibernation followed a few days of warm temperatures that freed the entrance and increased temperatures within the chamber to about 39.2 °F (4.0 °C).[10][13] At low elevations western toads are active at night; at high elevations and in the northern parts of their range they are diurnal.[12] Body temperature of western toads is closely correlated with the substrate temperature. Basking and conduction from the substrate are primary means of increasing body temperature and cooling is achieved by evaporative cooling and conduction of heat to a cooler medium. Diurnal and nocturnal activity are often related to ...
"New World direct-developing frogs (Anura: Terrarana): Molecular phylogeny, classification, biogeography, and conservation" ...
Anura. Family:. Eleutherodactylidae. Genus:. Eleutherodactylus. Subgenus:. Eleutherodactylus. Species:. E. cochranae. Binomial ...
In the dry season, this frog lives in shallow streams and hides under tree roots, under flat stones, or in holes in the riverbank. It feeds primarily on earthworms, insect larvae and tadpoles. When the rainy season starts it migrates across the forest floor at night to find temporary pools. Spawning may take place in large pools with much vegetation, but tadpoles are also sometimes found in muddy pools with no vegetation. Single eggs may be attached to plants or they may float. The tadpoles have broad mouths and no jaws, but have long tentacles on their upper lips. The ventral fins of their tails are broader than the dorsal ones. Their body colour is generally orange and the tail transparent but in darker locations the tail may be blackish. The tadpoles feed by filtering zooplankton from the water. In large water bodies, they may form dense swarms. Metamorphosis takes place when the tadpoles measure about 5 cm (2 in) in length.[9] ...
Most American green tree frog females breed once per year, but some have multiple clutches in a single mating season.[1] In a Florida population, "advertisement calls of males were documented between March and September and pairs in amplexus were observed between April and August." In the Florida population, the average number of offspring in a single clutch was observed to be about 400 eggs.[1] Eggs take between four and 14 days to hatch, with an average of five days.[1] According to the Animal Diversity Web at the University of Michigan Museum of Zoology, "Female size was positively correlated with clutch size, but after the initial clutch, the number of eggs nearly always decreased."[1] Breeding is known to be strongly influenced by day length, temperature, and precipitation."[1] While "the relative influence of these factors is not well understood," it is known as the frogs generally breed following rainfall, and males call more frequently as temperature and day length increase.[1] Some ...
Anura indet. Magnoliophyta indet. Pleuropholidae indet. Trichoptera indet. List of pterosaur-bearing stratigraphic units ...
Chun Wah Lee; Anura Goonasekera; S. Venkatraman (2003). Asian Communication Handbook 2003. Asian Media Information and ...
Anura may refer to: Anura (frog), the order for frogs Anura (plant), a genus of flowering plants in the daisy family Anura is a ... Sri Lankan cricketer Anura Rohana, Sri Lankan golfer Anura Tennekoon (born 1946), Sri Lankan cricketer Anura Wegodapola (born ... Sri Lankan politician Anura Kumara Dissanayaka (born 1968), Sri Lankan politician Anura Horatious, Sri Lankan novelist Anura C ... 1981), cricketer for Sri Lanka Navy Anura Priyadharshana Yapa (born 1959), Sri Lankan politician Anura, Varanasi, a village in ...
Anura - Natural history: The breeding behaviour is one of the most distinctive attributes of the Anura. Because the eggs can ... The breeding behaviour is one of the most distinctive attributes of the Anura. Because the eggs can develop only under moist ... ": { "url": "/animal/Anura", "shareUrl": "https://www.britannica.com/animal/Anura", "title": "Anura", "documentGroup": "TOPIC ...
CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Anura Tennekoon at CricketArchive Anura Tennekoon at Cricinfo Anura Tennekoon talks ... Anura Tennekoon (born 29 October 1946) is a former Sri Lankan cricketer and ODI captain of the Sri Lanka national cricket team ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Wijesinghe, Rohan (22 November 2009). "Anura Tennekoon - spirit of cricket". Sunday ... Anura Punchi Banda Tennekoon was born in Anuradhapura. At the age of six, he moved to Colombo, and was admitted to S. Thomas ...
ToL Scientific Contributors for Anura. * Jeanine Abrams University of Texas, Austin, Texas, USA (Abramsidae, Hemiphractinae) ... ToL Media Contributors for Anura. * Jeanine Abrams University of Texas, Austin, Texas, USA ...
Rahula Anura Attalage is the Deputy Vice Chancellor, a professor of mechanical engineering, and the director of the Post ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "Profile of Professor Rahula Anura Attalage,Department of Mechanical Engineering, ...
... and Anura Priyantha, a camera assistant for the state-owned Independent Television Network, were fatally wounded by shrapnel ... Indika Pathinivasan, a camera assistant for Sri Lankas privately owned Maharaja Television Network, and Anura Priyantha, a ...
Ordo: Anura Familiae (56 + †2): Allophrynidae - Alsodidae - Alytidae - Aromobatidae - Arthroleptidae - Ascaphidae - ... Phylogenetics, classification, and biogeography of the treefrogs (Amphibia: Anura: Arboranae). Zootaxa 4104(1): 1-109. DOI: ... 取自"https://species.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=Anura&oldid=8384147" ...
anura definition: Proper noun 1. A taxonomic order within the subclass Lissamphibia - the frogs and toads. Origin From the New ... Orders: Anura, Urodela, Perennibranchia, Caeciliae.. *Owen, which name is restricted to the forms for which it was originally ... How would you define anura? Add your definition here.. Please enable JavaScript to view the comments powered by Disqus.. ... intended; Peromela, Urodela, Anura, are changed to Apoda, Caudata, Ecaudata, for the reason that (unless obviously misleading, ...
Anura says Vijitha exemplary. 2 June 2016 04:39 am - 2 - {{hitsCtrl.values.hits}} ... party leader Anura Kumara Dissanayake said yesterday. ...
Ranil meets Anura in hospital. 28 July 2014 04:43 pm - 5 - {{hitsCtrl.values.hits}} ... Police said Anura Disanayakes driver had tried to over take and crashed head- on then it seems utter negligence on the part of ... If other vehicle was a small car carrying a family entire family would have died and Anura Dissanayake too would have been ...
America Anura Coast Enticing: 2 assigned downloads, like Gulf Coast Toad (Bufo valliceps), male calling at night, vocal sac ... Similar tags: america • anura • coast • during • enticing Top tags: sound effects • games shop • service repair manual • yamaha ...
Anura Bandaranaike, Senior Adviser to the Sri Lanka ... Norway supplied communication equipment to LTTE: Anura Share On ... Norway supplied communication equipment to LTTE: Anura Amit Baruah NEW DELHI, December 05, 2002 00:00 IST Updated: December 05 ... Anura Bandaranaike, Senior Adviser to the Sri Lankan President, Chandrika Kumaratunga, alleged. ...
Suborder of Anura for Pipidae.. Phaneroglossa Goodrich, 1930, Stud. Struct. Develop. Vert.: xxi. Suborder under Anura for frogs ... Suborder under Anura to include Liopelmidae (sensu lato).. Opisthocoela Noble, 1931, Biol. Amph.: 486. Suborder under Anura to ... Anura Hogg, 1839, Mag. Nat. Hist., N.S., 3: 270. Explicit order for frogs. Presumably an emendation of Anoura Gray, 1825, ... Anura Lichtenstein and Martens, 1856, Nomencl. Rept. Amph. Mus. Zool. Berol.: 36. Order for frogs. Presumably a subsequent ...
Internal Fertilization in the Anura with Special Reference to Mating and Female Sperm Storage in Ascaphus: David M. Sever, ...
The Greenspeed Anura Quad. Why a four wheeler?. The Anura Trike (three wheeler) was built primarily to be easy to to ride, and ... Like the Anura trike, the Quad frame is made from 7005 aluminium alloy, so it is light and strong with the same 300 lbs rider ... Plus, like the Trike, the Quad can be used to tow an Anura Trike, to form a Quad/Trike tandem, but care must be taken, on the ... The standard Anura Trike has 75% of the weight on the driving wheels, which means superior traction, plus it means the both ...
Another thing I was not happy with was the routing of the front derailleur cable, as if it was not zip tied to the crank extension, it could get caught with the cranks. Thus Ive had the crank extension drilled so it can be routed through the crank extension to keep it out of the way.. The 2nd batch of Magnums which arrived in July saw the change in the rear cassette from the original 9/32 to an 11/34, due to complaints of poor shifting, supply of replacement cassettes, and gaps in the gearing. While I thought the 9/32 was superior, I never the less changed the cassette. However I thought top gear was then to low, so when the previous Shimano 50/39/30 crankset was unavailable, I took the opportunity to rise the top gear by fitting a 52/42/30 Drive Line crankset.. ...
Similar tags: america • amphibian • anura • bufo • closeup • coast • day • daylight • during • european • exteriors • frogs • ...
Anura Rohana. Swings: R , Birthdate: 09/11/1973. Birthplace: , Sri Lanka , Height: 5-11 ...
OLIVEIRA, C.; ZANETONI, C. & ZIERI, R. Morphological observations on the testes of Physalaemus cuvieri (Amphibia, Anura). Rev. ... KEY WORDS: 1. Anura; 2. Leptodactylidae; 3. Physalaemus cuvieri; 4. Testis; 5. Spermatogenesis. INTRODUCTION In the anurans, ... PALABRAS CLAVE: 1. Anura; 2. Leptodactylidae; 3. Physalaemus cuvieri, 4. Testículo; 5. Espermatogénesis. REFERENCES Aoki, A.; ... Taboga, S. R. & Dolder, M. A. H. Análise histológica da espermatogênese de Hyla ranki (Amphibia, Anura, Hylidae). Rev. Bras. ...
Find great deals for Popes and the Tale of Their Names by Anura Guruge (English) Paperback Book Free . Shop with confidence on ... Author Anura Guruge. This book sets out to highlight them all and thereby plug a hitherto little explored aspect of papal ... Popes and the Tale of Their Names by Anura Guruge (English) Paperback Book Free ... Popes and the Tale of Their Names by Anura Guruge (English) Paperback Book Free ...
A NEW SPECIES OF TELMATOBIUS (ANURA LEPTODACTYLIDAE) FROM RÍO... A NEW SPECIES OF TELMATOBIUS (ANURA LEPTODACTYLIDAE) FROM ... A NEW SPECIES OF HYLA FROM NORTHEASTERN BRAZIL (AMPHIBIA, ANURA,... REDESCRIPTION OF THE TADPOLE OF CHACOPHRYS PIEROTTII ( ... THE TADPOLE OF THE CASQUE-HEADED FROG, APARASPHENODON BRUNOI MIRANDA-RIBEIRO (ANURA: HYLIDAE). ... ANURA: HYLIDAE)," South American Journal of Herpetology, 1(1), 54-60, (1 April 2006) Include:. ...
Anura, Dendrobatidae) by Enrique La Marca; 1 edition; First published in 1994; Subjects: Mannophryne ... Are you sure you want to remove Taxonomy of the frogs of the genus Mannophryne (Amphibia, Anura, Dendrobatidae) from your list? ... Taxonomy of the frogs of the genus Mannophryne (Amphibia, Anura, Dendrobatidae) Enrique La Marca Published 1994 by Asociación ... Taxonomy of the frogs of the genus Mannophryne (Amphibia, Anura, Dendrobatidae) 1 edition ...
Greenspeed Anura Quad at RCC. Posted on October 21, 2011 by Bryan Ball Greenspeed had the Anura Quad on hand it was definitely ... The lower seat height made it very stable and encouraged "very silly things". The Anura Quad costs $2990 and is available now ...
Niche Specificity of Two Glypthelmins (Trematoda) Congeners infecting Leptodactylus chaquensis (Anura: Leptodactylidae) from ... Anura: Leptodactylidae) from Argentina," Journal of Parasitology, 95(4), 817-822, (1 August 2009) Include:. ... Anura: Leptodactylidae) from Argentina," Journal of Parasitology 95(4), 817-822, (1 August 2009). https://doi.org/10.1645/GE- ...
Toledo L F (2009). A new species of Elachistocleis (Anura; Microhylidae) from the Brazilian Amazon. Plazi.org taxonomic ... A new species of Elachistocleis (Anura; Microhylidae) from the Brazilian Amazon Dataset homepage ... Anura; Microhylidae) from the Brazilian Amazon. Zootaxa 2496: 63-68, DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.195714 Taxonomic Coverages. Geographic ...
Anura Cell Type. oocyte Cellular Component. nuclear envelope perinuclear region of cytoplasm nuclear pore ... Susumu Ito, Edward Eddy, Don W Fawcett (2011) CIL:11054, Anura, oocyte. CIL. Dataset. https://doi.org/doi:10.7295/W9CIL11054 ...
... Public Deposited Citeable URL:. http://ir.library.oregonstate. ...
Disaster Management Minister Anura Priyadarshana Yapa, in an interview with the Sunday Observer said, the Met Department has ... Responding to criticism levelled against the Meteorological Department, Disaster Management Minister Anura Priyadarshana Yapa, ...
Disaster Management Minister Anura Priyadarshana Yapa says, tragedies like Meethotamulla are national catastrophes and as ... Disaster Management Minister Anura Priyadarshana Yapa says, tragedies like Meethotamulla are national catastrophes and as ...
Contribución al conocimiento de la alimentación de larvas de la rana criolla Leptodactylus ocellatus (Amphibia: Anura) en el ... Dinámica trófica de juveniles de Leptodactylus ocellatus (Anura: Leptodactylidae), en una isla del Paraná, Santa Fé, Argentina ...
  • Phylogenetics, classification, and biogeography of the treefrogs (Amphibia: Anura: Arboranae). (wikimedia.org)
  • Are you sure you want to remove Taxonomy of the frogs of the genus Mannophryne (Amphibia, Anura, Dendrobatidae) from your list? (openlibrary.org)
  • 1999. Distribuição espacial e temporal da anurofauna no Parque Estadual Mata dos Godoy, Londrina, Paraná, Brasil (Amphibia: Anura). (scielo.br)
  • 1980. Observações sobre Aplastodiscus perviridis A. Lutz (Amphibia, Anura, Hylidae). (scielo.br)
  • 2000. Citogenética de uma população de Aplastodiscus (Amphibia, Anura) de Santa Catarina. (scielo.br)
  • The complete mitochondrial genome of Kaloula rugifera (Amphibia, Anura, Microhylidae). (semanticscholar.org)
  • Amphibia are found everywhere in the world, except Antarctica , and there are about 5,565 different species: 88% of them are in the Anura . (wikipedia.org)
  • Henrique Wogel , Luiz N. Weber , and Patrícia A. Abrunhosa "THE TADPOLE OF THE CASQUE-HEADED FROG, APARASPHENODON BRUNOI MIRANDA-RIBEIRO (ANURA: HYLIDAE)," South American Journal of Herpetology 1(1), 54-60, (1 April 2006). (bioone.org)
  • 1: Duas espécies novas de Hyla (Anura Hylidae). (scielo.br)
  • Anura, Hylidae). (scielo.br)
  • Prado, Cynthia P. A.. Morphologic and morphometric analysis of testis of Pseudis limellum (Cope, 1862) (Anura, Hylidae) during the reproductive cycle in the Pantanal, Brazil. (unesp.br)
  • M. I. Hamann , A. I. Kehr , and C. E. González "Niche Specificity of Two Glypthelmins (Trematoda) Congeners infecting Leptodactylus chaquensis (Anura: Leptodactylidae) from Argentina," Journal of Parasitology 95(4), 817-822, (1 August 2009). (bioone.org)
  • Espécies crípticas del gênero Pleurodema que conviven en una misma área, identificadas por el canto nupcial (Anura, Leptodactylidae). (scielo.br)
  • One such example includes the South American frogs assigned to Physalaemus cuvieri or Physalaemus ephippifer (Anura, Leptodactylidae). (frontiersin.org)
  • Lithobates montezumae Blaird 1854 (= Rana montezumae ) (Anura: Ranidae) occurs in the center of Mexico through the states of Jalisco, Michoacán, Puebla, Mexico State, Tlaxcala, México D. F., San Luis Potosí, Hidalgo and Querétaro. (scielo.org.mx)
  • Lyu Z-T, Huang L-S, Wang J, Li Y-Q, Chen H-H, Qi S, Wang Y-Y (2019) Description of two cryptic species of the Amolops ricketti group (Anura, Ranidae) from southeastern China. (pensoft.net)
  • JVP Propaganda Secretary Vijitha Herath had set an example by paying damages to Sri Lanka Telecom (SLT) for a telephone post, which was damaged when his vehicle knocked it down accidentally, party leader Anura Kumara Dissanayake said yesterday. (dailymirror.lk)
  • If other vehicle was a small car carrying a family entire family would have died and Anura Dissanayake too would have been blamed.SO HE MUST EMPLOY A PROPER DRIVER FIRST. (dailymirror.lk)
  • People should defeat the two main political camps that have been deceiving them for a long time, National People's Power Presidential candidate and JVP leader Anura Kumara Dissanayake said yesterday. (dailynews.lk)
  • Only the National People Power (NPP) movement is capable of cleansing the political field by eliminating fraud and corruption, National People Power presidential candidate and JVP leader Anura Kumara Dissanayake said in Wellawaya on Wednesday. (onlanka.com)
  • Anura Kumara Dissanayake expressed these sentiments addressing a well-attended presidential election rally organised by the National People's power movement at the Wellawaya Bus stand premises. (onlanka.com)
  • Leader of the JVP Anura Kumara Dissanayake made this statement at a conference held in Kiribathgoda. (newsfirst.lk)
  • Dong B, Yang B (2016) The complete mitochondrial genome of the Bufo stejnegeri (Anura: Bufonidae). (springer.com)
  • In this study, we applied these methods to resolve the radiation of toads in the Bufo bufo (Anura, Bufonidae) species group, ranging from the Iberian Peninsula and North Africa to Siberia, based on sequences from two mitochondrial and four nuclear DNA regions (3490 base pairs). (nih.gov)
  • Red-spotted toothed toad species Oreolalax rhodostigmatus (Megophryidae, Anura) is a typical non-obligate cave dweller, which is distributed in the karst mountainous region (altitude 500-2400 m. a. s. l.) of southwestern China [ 14 ]. (biomedcentral.com)
  • High resolution images for Phylogeny, taxonomic revision, and character evolution of the genera Chiasmocleis and Syncope (Anura, Microhylidae) in Amazonia, with descriptions of three new species. (amnh.org)
  • Ascaridida, Cosmocercidae) from the large intestine of Barygenys atra (Anura, Microhylidae) is described and illustrated. (semanticscholar.org)
  • In the present study, we describe the larva and nymph of first instar of a new species of the genus Ornithodoros collected from frogs of the species Thoropa miliaris (Spix, 1824) (Anura: Cycloramphidae) and determine the phylogenetic position of this species in comparison with other argasids from different regions. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The logo on the bottles carries a frog in the oval picture, therefore I guessed that this might be the meaning of "Anura" , and so it should be as I found out later from the Anura website. (themanfrommoselriver.com)
  • The three modern orders of amphibians are Anura (the frogs and toads), Urodela (the salamanders), and Apoda (the caecilians). (wikipedia.org)
  • These include the Anura (frogs and toads), Caudata (salamanders and newts) and Gymnophiona (caecilians). (wikipedia.org)
  • The order Anura includes the frogs and toads. (wikipedia.org)
  • Peromela, Urodela, Anura , are changed to Apoda, Caudata, Ecaudata, for the reason that (unless obviously misleading, which is not the case in the present instance) the first proposed name should supersede all others for higher groups as well as for genera and species, and the latter set have the benefit of the law of priority. (yourdictionary.com)
  • Anura Tennekoon (born 29 October 1946) is a former Sri Lankan cricketer and ODI captain of the Sri Lanka national cricket team. (wikipedia.org)
  • Anura Punchi Banda Tennekoon was born in Anuradhapura. (wikipedia.org)
  • Anura Prabhudesai, already India's number one ranked shuttler in a pool that includes Saina Nehwal and PV Sindhu, is itching to compete on the global stage and win in the company of her more famous country mates. (goanobserver.in)
  • New Delhi, March 28 (IANS) Indian women shuttlers Rasika Raje, Pardeshi Shreyanshi, Sai Uttejitha and Anura Prabhudesai qualified for the India Open Superseries, while the Indian mixed doubles pair of Ashwini Ponnappa and B. Sumeeth Reddy lost in the qualification round here on Tuesday. (sportzwiki.com)
  • Indika Pathinivasan, a camera assistant for Sri Lanka's privately owned Maharaja Television Network, and Anura Priyantha, a camera assistant for the state-owned Independent Television Network, were fatally wounded by shrapnel from a suicide bomb aimed at President Chandrika Bandaranaike Kumaratunga at an election rally in Colombo. (cpj.org)
  • The Norwegian Government has supplied the LTTE with 70 tonnes of communication equipment to begin radio and television broadcasts, Anura Bandaranaike, Senior Adviser to the Sri Lankan President, Chandrika Kumaratunga, alleged. (thehindu.com)
  • Concerning to the histological architecture of the seminiferous elements, to the amphibians and, in a general sense, the germ epithelium may be arranged in seminiferous locules in the Apoda ( Wake, 1969 ) and Anura ( Duellman & Trueb, 1994 ) or in seminiferous ampoules or testicular lobules the Urodela. (scielo.cl)
  • Responding to criticism levelled against the Meteorological Department, Disaster Management Minister Anura Priyadarshana Yapa, in an interview with the Sunday Observer said, the Met Department has been neglected by all previous Governments, adding that what is most important right now is to equip the Department with the latest technology and inject new blood to make it more productive, especially, to cope with natural calamities such as flash floods and landslides. (sundayobserver.lk)
  • Disaster Management Minister Anura Priyadarshana Yapa says, tragedies like Meethotamulla are national catastrophes and as politicians we should never look at it in a narrow political perspective. (sundayobserver.lk)
  • The Anura Trike (three wheeler) was built primarily to be easy to to ride, and especially to be easy to mount and dismount, so that even people who are physically challenged can ride it. (greenspeed.com.au)
  • The standard Anura Trike has 75% of the weight on the driving wheels, which means superior traction, plus it means the both drive wheels stay in contact with the ground over uneven surfaces, and the differential balances the drive to the both rear wheels. (greenspeed.com.au)
  • So like the Anura Trike, and unlike tadpole trikes, the Quad gives good traction in winter conditions on slippery ground. (greenspeed.com.au)
  • Like the Anura trike, the Quad frame is made from 7005 aluminium alloy, so it is light and strong with the same 300 lbs rider weight limit. (greenspeed.com.au)
  • Plus, like the Trike, the Quad can be used to tow an Anura Trike, to form a Quad/Trike tandem, but care must be taken, on the corners, as the Quad is more stable than the Trike. (greenspeed.com.au)
  • Let me explain further about what I have found out, both good and bad, about the Greenspeed Anura.The Anura is the much-anticipated delta trike from Greenspeed. (bentrideronline.com)
  • If you look at a trike that is not extremely low, such as the Catrike Road with its 8″ seat height, imagine the Anura with its lofty perch of 17 inches. (bentrideronline.com)
  • It has been a few years since I first heard of Order Anura with its debut self titled cassette that I obtained in a trade with with the project's creative force Ivan Heemskerk. (bandcamp.com)
  • Order Anura creates music that I would classify as a lofi brand of melancholy dream pop that is a cross between Cocteau Twins and lovesliescrushing. (bandcamp.com)
  • On the surface the music of Order Anura comes across as a soundtrack of a bleak landscape but upon engaging with this release a colorful world of varied tones and melody is revealed. (bandcamp.com)
  • Rahula Anura Attalage is the Deputy Vice Chancellor, a professor of mechanical engineering, and the director of the Post Graduate Institute of the Faculty of Engineering at the University of Moratuwa in Sri Lanka. (wikipedia.org)
  • Neobatrachia is a suborder of the Anura , which contains all frogs and toads . (wikipedia.org)
  • A new morphologically cryptic species of Phyllomedusa (Anura: Phyllomedusidae) from Amazonian forests of northern Peru revealed by DNA sequences. (wikimedia.org)
  • 2019. A new species of Paratelmatobius (Anura: Leptodactylidae: Paratelmatobiinae) from the Atlantic Forest of southern Brazil. (amphibiaweb.org)
  • Phylogenetic systematics, ecology, and conservation of marsupial frogs (Anura: Hemiphractidae) from the Andes of southern Ecuador, with descriptions of four new biphasic species. (wikimedia.org)
  • 2009: The phylogenetic relationships of Yunganastes revisited (Anura: Terrarana). (wikimedia.org)
  • Phylogenetic systematics of egg-brooding frogs (Anura: Hemiphractidae) and the evolution of direct development. (wikimedia.org)
  • Anura is an ad fraud detection solution for marketers to maximize digital campaign performance. (cyver.io)