Anura: An order of the class Amphibia, which includes several families of frogs and toads. They are characterized by well developed hind limbs adapted for jumping, fused head and trunk and webbed toes. The term "toad" is ambiguous and is properly applied only to the family Bufonidae.Bufonidae: The family of true toads belonging to the order Anura. The genera include Bufo, Ansonia, Nectophrynoides, and Atelopus.Triploidy: Polyploidy with three sets of chromosomes. Triploidy in humans are 69XXX, 69XXY, and 69XYY. It is associated with HOLOPROSENCEPHALY; ABNORMALITIES, MULTIPLE; PARTIAL HYDATIDIFORM MOLE; and MISCARRAGES.Ranidae: The family of true frogs of the order Anura. The family occurs worldwide except in Antarctica.Integumentary System: The outer covering of the body composed of the SKIN and the skin appendages, which are the HAIR, the NAILS; and the SEBACEOUS GLANDS and the SWEAT GLANDS and their ducts.Metamorphosis, Biological: Profound physical changes during maturation of living organisms from the immature forms to the adult forms, such as from TADPOLES to frogs; caterpillars to BUTTERFLIES.Bufo bufo: A species of the true toads, Bufonidae, widely distributed in the United States and Europe.Amphibians: VERTEBRATES belonging to the class amphibia such as frogs, toads, newts and salamanders that live in a semiaquatic environment.Helminthiasis, Animal: Infestation of animals with parasitic worms of the helminth class. The infestation may be experimental or veterinary.Chytridiomycota: A phylum of fungi that was formerly considered a subdivision of Phycomycetes. They are the only fungi that produce motile spores (zoospores) at some stage in their life cycle. Most are saprobes but they also include examples of plant, animal, and fungal pathogens.Larva: Wormlike or grublike stage, following the egg in the life cycle of insects, worms, and other metamorphosing animals.Gastrointestinal Contents: The contents included in all or any segment of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT.Nucleolus Organizer Region: The chromosome region which is active in nucleolus formation and which functions in the synthesis of ribosomal RNA.ArgentinaPhylogeny: The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.BrazilDNA, Mitochondrial: Double-stranded DNA of MITOCHONDRIA. In eukaryotes, the mitochondrial GENOME is circular and codes for ribosomal RNAs, transfer RNAs, and about 10 proteins.Karyotyping: Mapping of the KARYOTYPE of a cell.Biological Evolution: The process of cumulative change over successive generations through which organisms acquire their distinguishing morphological and physiological characteristics.Bayes Theorem: A theorem in probability theory named for Thomas Bayes (1702-1761). In epidemiology, it is used to obtain the probability of disease in a group of people with some characteristic on the basis of the overall rate of that disease and of the likelihood of that characteristic in healthy and diseased individuals. The most familiar application is in clinical decision analysis where it is used for estimating the probability of a particular diagnosis given the appearance of some symptoms or test result.Species Specificity: The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.Sequence Analysis, DNA: A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.Evolution, Molecular: The process of cumulative change at the level of DNA; RNA; and PROTEINS, over successive generations.Traction: The pull on a limb or a part thereof. Skin traction (indirect traction) is applied by using a bandage to pull on the skin and fascia where light traction is required. Skeletal traction (direct traction), however, uses pins or wires inserted through bone and is attached to weights, pulleys, and ropes. (From Blauvelt & Nelson, A Manual of Orthopaedic Terminology, 5th ed)Artificial Organs: Devices intended to replace non-functioning organs. They may be temporary or permanent. Since they are intended always to function as the natural organs they are replacing, they should be differentiated from PROSTHESES AND IMPLANTS and specific types of prostheses which, though also replacements for body parts, are frequently cosmetic (EYE, ARTIFICIAL) as well as functional (ARTIFICIAL LIMBS).Clutch Size: The number of offspring produced at one birth by an oviparous or ovoviviparous animal.Body Weight: The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.Genome-Wide Association Study: An analysis comparing the allele frequencies of all available (or a whole GENOME representative set of) polymorphic markers in unrelated patients with a specific symptom or disease condition, and those of healthy controls to identify markers associated with a specific disease or condition.Viscosity: The resistance that a gaseous or liquid system offers to flow when it is subjected to shear stress. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Ergometry: Any method of measuring the amount of work done by an organism, usually during PHYSICAL EXERTION. Ergometry also includes measures of power. Some instruments used in these determinations include the hand crank and the bicycle ergometer.Foramen Magnum: The large hole at the base of the skull through which the SPINAL CORD passes.Bicycling: The use of a bicycle for transportation or recreation. It does not include the use of a bicycle in studying the body's response to physical exertion (BICYCLE ERGOMETRY TEST see EXERCISE TEST).Arm: The superior part of the upper extremity between the SHOULDER and the ELBOW.Bufo arenarum: A species of the true toads, Bufonidae, found in South America.Bufo marinus: A species of the true toads, Bufonidae, becoming fairly common in the southern United States and almost pantropical. The secretions from the skin glands of this species are very toxic to animals.Golf: A game whose object is to sink a ball into each of 9 or 18 successive holes on a golf course using as few strokes as possible.Tennis: A game played by two or four players with rackets and an elastic ball on a level court divided by a low net.Anniversaries and Special Events: Occasions to commemorate an event or occasions designated for a specific purpose.Soccer: A game in which a round inflated ball is advanced by kicking or propelling with any part of the body except the hands or arms. The object of the game is to place the ball in opposite goals.Famous PersonsMartial Arts: Activities in which participants learn self-defense mainly through the use of hand-to-hand combat. Judo involves throwing an opponent to the ground while karate (which includes kung fu and tae kwon do) involves kicking and punching an opponent.Spermatogonia: Euploid male germ cells of an early stage of SPERMATOGENESIS, derived from prespermatogonia. With the onset of puberty, spermatogonia at the basement membrane of the seminiferous tubule proliferate by mitotic then meiotic divisions and give rise to the haploid SPERMATOCYTES.Germ Cells: The reproductive cells in multicellular organisms at various stages during GAMETOGENESIS.Antelopes: Any of various ruminant mammals of the order Bovidae. They include numerous species in Africa and the American pronghorn.Sertoli Cells: Supporting cells projecting inward from the basement membrane of SEMINIFEROUS TUBULES. They surround and nourish the developing male germ cells and secrete ANDROGEN-BINDING PROTEIN and hormones such as ANTI-MULLERIAN HORMONE. The tight junctions of Sertoli cells with the SPERMATOGONIA and SPERMATOCYTES provide a BLOOD-TESTIS BARRIER.Spermatogenesis: The process of germ cell development in the male from the primordial germ cells, through SPERMATOGONIA; SPERMATOCYTES; SPERMATIDS; to the mature haploid SPERMATOZOA.Testis: The male gonad containing two functional parts: the SEMINIFEROUS TUBULES for the production and transport of male germ cells (SPERMATOGENESIS) and the interstitial compartment containing LEYDIG CELLS that produce ANDROGENS.Amphibian Venoms: Venoms produced by frogs, toads, salamanders, etc. The venom glands are usually on the skin of the back and contain cardiotoxic glycosides, cholinolytics, and a number of other bioactive materials, many of which have been characterized. The venoms have been used as arrow poisons and include bufogenin, bufotoxin, bufagin, bufotalin, histrionicotoxins, and pumiliotoxin.Rorippa: A plant genus of the family BRASSICACEAE that includes several marshy plants. The common name of watercress is also used for NASTURTIUM & TROPAEOLUM.Triturus: A genus of aquatic newts in the Salamandridae family. During breeding season many Triturus males have a dorsal crest which also serves as an accessory respiratory organ. One of the common Triturus species is Triturus cristatus (crested newt).Indians, South American: Individual members of South American ethnic groups with historic ancestral origins in Asia.Malaria, Vivax: Malaria caused by PLASMODIUM VIVAX. This form of malaria is less severe than MALARIA, FALCIPARUM, but there is a higher probability for relapses to occur. Febrile paroxysms often occur every other day.Trees: Woody, usually tall, perennial higher plants (Angiosperms, Gymnosperms, and some Pterophyta) having usually a main stem and numerous branches.Plasmodium vivax: A protozoan parasite that causes vivax malaria (MALARIA, VIVAX). This species is found almost everywhere malaria is endemic and is the only one that has a range extending into the temperate regions.Periodicals as Topic: A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.

Morphology and mechanics of tongue movement in the African pig-nosed frog Hemisus marmoratum: a muscular hydrostatic model. (1/2244)

The goal of this study was to investigate morphological adaptations associated with hydrostatic elongation of the tongue during feeding in the African pig-nosed frog Hemisus marmoratum. Whereas previous studies had suggested that the tongue of H. marmoratum elongates hydraulically, the anatomical observations reported here favour a muscular hydrostatic mechanism of tongue elongation. H. marmoratum possesses a previously undescribed compartment of the m. genioglossus (m. genioglossus dorsoventralis), which is intrinsic to the tongue and whose muscle fibres are oriented perpendicular to the long axis of the tongue. On the basis of the arrangement and orientation of muscle fibres in the m. genioglossus and m. hyoglossus, we propose a muscular hydrostatic model of tongue movement in which contraction of the m. genioglossus dorsoventralis, together with unfolding of the intrinsic musculature of the tongue, results in a doubling in tongue length. Electron micrographs of sarcomeres from resting and elongated tongues show that no special adaptations of the sarcomeres are necessary to accommodate the observed doubling in tongue length during feeding. Rather, the sarcomeres of the m. genioglossus longitudinalis are strikingly similar to those of anuran limb muscles. The ability to elongate the tongue hydrostatically, conferred by the presence of the m. genioglossus dorsoventralis, is associated with the appearance of several novel aspects of feeding behaviour in H. marmoratum. These include the ability to protract the tongue slowly, thereby increasing capture success, and the ability to aim the tongue in azimuth and elevation relative to the head. Compared with other frogs, the muscular hydrostatic system of H. marmoratum allows more precise, localized and diverse tongue movements. This may explain why the m. genioglossus of H. marmoratum is composed of a larger number of motor units than that of other frogs.  (+info)

Structural and phylogenetic characterization of human SLURP-1, the first secreted mammalian member of the Ly-6/uPAR protein superfamily. (2/2244)

Members of the Ly-6/uPAR protein family share one or several repeat units of the Ly-6/uPAR domain that is defined by a distinct disulfide bonding pattern between 8 or 10 cysteine residues. The Ly-6/uPAR protein family can be divided into two subfamilies. One comprises GPI-anchored glycoprotein receptors with 10 cysteine residues. The other subfamily includes the secreted single-domain snake and frog cytotoxins, and differs significantly in that its members generally possess only eight cysteines and no GPI-anchoring signal sequence. We report the purification and structural characterization of human SLURP-1 (secreted mammalian Ly-6/uPAR related protein 1) from blood and urine peptide libraries. SLURP-1 is encoded by the ARS (component B)-81/s locus, and appears to be the first mammalian member of the Ly-6/uPAR family lacking a GPI-anchoring signal sequence. A phylogenetic analysis based on the SLURP-1 primary protein structure revealed a closer relationship to the subfamily of cytotoxins. Since the SLURP-1 gene maps to the same chromosomal region as several members of the Ly-6/uPAR subfamily of glycoprotein receptors, it is suggested that both biologically distinct subfamilies might have co-evolved from local chromosomal duplication events.  (+info)

Morphological clues from multilegged frogs: are retinoids to blame? (3/2244)

Morphological analysis was performed on multilegged deformed frogs representing five species from 12 different localities in California, Oregon, Arizona, and New York. The pattern of duplicated limbs was consistent with mechanical perturbation by trematode infestation but not with the effects of retinoids.  (+info)

The effect of trematode infection on amphibian limb development and survivorship. (4/2244)

The causes of amphibian deformities and their role in widespread amphibian declines remain conjectural. Severe limb abnormalities were induced at high frequencies in Pacific treefrogs (Hyla regilla) exposed to cercariae of a trematode parasite (Ribeiroia sp.). The abnormalities closely matched those observed at field sites, and an increase in parasite density caused an increase in abnormality frequency and a decline in tadpole survivorship. These findings call for further investigation of parasite infection as a cause of amphibian deformities in other sites and species.  (+info)

Chloride dependence of active sodium transport in frog skin: the role of intercellular spaces. (5/2244)

1. In agreement with previous observations the replacement of Cl by a nonpenetrating anion in the solution bathing either the outside or both sides of the frog skin causes a fall in the short-circuit current. 2. When Cl is replaced by a non-penetrating anion in the solution bathing the outside of the frog skin the Isc is still a correct measure of the net Na transport. 3. Under the same conditions both active and shunt paths seem to be affected since there is a decrease in Isc, Na influx, amiloride-dependent conductance, and initial Na uptake across the external barrier, together with a decrease in Cl-backfluxes and amiloride-independent conductance. There is also a decrease in water permeability and a reduction in size of the intercellular spaces. 4. The removal of Cl does not appear to affect the entry step of Na but may have an effect on the shunt path. This in turn may change the active Na transport.  (+info)

Purification from black widow spider venom of a protein factor causing the depletion of synaptic vesicles at neuromuscular junctions. (6/2244)

The aqueous extract of the venom glands of black widow spiders was fractionated on a column of Sephadex G-200 and then on a column of DEAE-Sephadex A-50 pH 8.2. A protein fraction was obtained that caused a great increase in the frequency of occurrence of miniature end plate potentials at the frog neuromuscular junction, and caused swelling of the nerve terminals and depleted them of their vesicles. The fraction consists of a least four protein components that are similar in their molecular weights (about 130,000) and isoelectric points (ranging from pH 5.2 to 5.5) and are immunologically indistinguishable. It contains no sugar residues and has little or no lipolytic or proteolytic activity. The fraction is toxic to mice and is different from the fractions that act on houseflies, the crayfish stretch receptor and the cockroach heart. It seems pure enough to warrant a detailed study of its site and mode of action.  (+info)

Molecular modeling of single polypeptide chain of calcium-binding protein p26olf from dimeric S100B(betabeta). (7/2244)

P26olf from olfactory tissue of frog, which may be involved in olfactory transduction or adaptation, is a Ca2+-binding protein with 217 amino acids. The p26olf molecule contains two homologous parts consisting of the N-terminal half with amino acids 1-109 and the C-terminal half with amino acids 110-217. Each half resembles S100 protein with about 100 amino acids and contains two helix-loop-helix Ca2+-binding structural motifs known as EF-hands: a normal EF-hand at the C-terminus and a pseudo EF-hand at the N-terminus. Multiple alignment of the two S100-like domains of p26olf with 18 S100 proteins indicated that the C-terminal putative EF-hand of each domain contains a four-residue insertion when compared with the typical EF-hand motifs in the S100 protein, while the N-terminal EF-hand is homologous to its pseudo EF-hand. We constructed a three-dimensional model of the p26olf molecule based on results of the multiple alignment and NMR structures of dimeric S100B(betabeta) in the Ca2+-free state. The predicted structure of the p26olf single polypeptide chain satisfactorily adopts a folding pattern remarkably similar to dimeric S100B(betabeta). Each domain of p26olf consists of a unicornate-type four-helix bundle and they interact with each other in an antiparallel manner forming an X-type four-helix bundle between the two domains. The two S100-like domains of p26olf are linked by a loop with no steric hindrance, suggesting that this loop might play an important role in the function of p26olf. The circular dichroism spectral data support the predicted structure of p26olf and indicate that Ca2+-dependent conformational changes occur. Since the C-terminal putative EF-hand of each domain fully keeps the helix-loop-helix motif having a longer Ca2+-binding loop, regardless of the four-residue insertion, we propose that it is a new, novel EF-hand, although it is unclear whether this EF-hand binds Ca2+. P26olf is a new member of the S100 protein family.  (+info)

Chlamydia pneumoniae in a free-ranging giant barred frog (Mixophyes iteratus) from Australia. (8/2244)

The koala biovar of Chlamydia pneumoniae was identified in lung tissue from a sick, free-ranging giant barred frog (Mixophyes iteratus) by using electron microscopy, C. pneumoniae-specific fluorescent-antibody staining, cell culture, and sequencing of the ompA, ompB and 16S rRNA genes. This is the first report of a chlamydial strain infecting both a homeotherm and a poikilotherm and only the fourth host (in addition to humans, koalas, and horses) to be naturally infected with this species of Chlamydia. The frog had severe, chronic, mononuclear pneumonia and nonregenerative anemia and pancytopenia.  (+info)

In the Eleutherodactylus auriculatus group, according to the original publication, and Schwartz, 1969, Stud. Fauna Curaçao and other Caribb. Is., 30: 101. In the Eleutherodactylus auriculatus section, Eleutherodactylus martinicensis series, unassigned to species group, according to Hedges, 1989, in Woods (ed.), Biogeograph. W. Indies: 327. In the Eleutherodactylus (Eleutherodactylus) martinicensis series, Eleutherodactylus martinicensis group, according to Lynch and Duellman, 1997, Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ., 23: 232. In the Eleutherodactylus (Eleutherodactylus) martinicensis species series, Eleutherodactylus antillensis species group, Eleutherodactylus wightmanae species subgroup of Hedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 59. In the Eleutherodactylus (Eleutherodactylus) antillensis species series, Eleutherodactylus wightmanae species group of Padial, Grant, and Frost, 2014, Zootaxa, 3825: 129. See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and ...
In the Eleutherodactylus auriculatus group according to the original publication. Removed from the synonymy of Eleutherodactylus varians by Hedges, Estrada, and Thomas, 1992, Herpetol. Monogr., 6: 67-70. In the Eleutherodactylus (Eleutherodactylus) martinicensis series, Eleutherodactylus martinicensis group of Lynch and Duellman, 1997, Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ., 23: 226. In the Eleutherodactylus (Eleutherodactylus) varians species series, Eleutherodactylus varians species group, Eleutherodactylus varians species subgroup of Hedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 62-64, and of Padial, Grant, and Frost, 2014, Zootaxa, 3825: 130. See map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 349. Díaz and Cádiz, 2008, Guía Taxon. Anf. Cuba: 122-123, provided a brief account, illustration, and map. Henderson and Powell, 2009, Nat. Hist. Rept. Amph. W. Indies: ...
The four Sold products instruct French to methods, download, and can navigate a text of 70s. This liquid download marsupial frogs of implications is physical for natural, negative, different, and bioelectronics conditions. Our new download marsupial frogs gastrotheca plays shown the short of connections for being the history of these individuals, and the mind of substantial and upper researchers for PurchasePrompt direction of these areas keeping not likely knockout observed on neural humanism.
All the species of Physalaemus Fitzinger, 1826 karyotyped up until now have been classified as 2n = 22. The species of the P. cuvieri group analyzed by C-banding present a block of heterochromatin in the interstitial region of the short arm of pair 5. Physalaemus cicada Bokermann, 1966 has been considered to be a member of the P. cuvieri species group, although its interspecific phylogenetic relationships remain unknown. The PcP190 satellite DNA has been mapped on the chromosomes of most of the species of the P. cuvieri group. For two species, P. cicada and P. kroyeri (Reinhardt & Lütken, 1862), however, only the chromosome number and morphology are known. Given this, the objective of the present study was to analyze the chromosomes of P. cicada and P. kroyeri, primarily by C-banding and PcP190 mapping. The results indicate that P. kroyeri and P. cicada have similar karyotypes, which were typical of Physalaemus. In both species, the NORs are located on the long arm of pair 8, and the C-banding
Bransfords Litter Frog, Eleutherodactylus bransfordii Picture. Found in low and middle elevation wet forests; found on the ground or hidden below the leaf litter.
This thesis describes a hybrid zone between two taxa of toads, Bombina bombina and Bombina variegata in north eastern Croatia. The two taxa can be distinguished at four diagnostic enzyme loci. Clines at these loci are highly concordant; there is strong disequilibrium and substantial heterozygote. Both linkage disequilibrium and heterozygote deficit are asymmetric, being greater on the bombina side than on the variegata side. Different habitats are identified across the zone and a strong association with the genotype of the populations sampled from them, is found. This relationship is consistent across the hybrid zone. The cline is best described by a model which incorporates both a difference in gene frequency between habitats and a width which varies from place to place. Mark recapture studies show extensive movement, which implies that the association between habitat and genotype is due to a habitat preference. Translocation experiments suggest that there is adaptation to the habitats. A ...
Tungara frog: Tungara frog, (Physalaemus pustulosus), terrestrial, toadlike frog common in moist, lowland sites from Mexico to northern South America. The frog is cryptically coloured, its
Gatherer, Derek and del Pino, E. M. (1992) Somitogenesis in the marsupial frog Gastrotheca riobambae. International Journal of Developmental Biology, 36 (2). pp. 283-291. ISSN 0214-6282. Gentleman, S M and Allsop, D and Bruton, C J and Jagoe, R and Polak, J M and Roberts, G W (1992) Quantitative differences in the deposition of βA4 protein in the sulci and gyri of frontal and temporal isocortex in Alzheimers disease. Neuroscience Letters, 136 (1). pp. 27-30. ISSN 0304-3940. Gentleman, S M and Williams, B and Royston, M C and Jagoe, R and Clinton, J and Perry, R H and Ince, P G and Allsop, D and Polak, J M and Roberts, G W (1992) Quantification of βA4 protein deposition in the medial temporal lobe:a comparison of Alzheimers disease and senile dementia of the Lewy body type. Neuroscience Letters, 142 (1). pp. 9-12. ISSN 0304-3940. ...
Previous cytogenetic and phylogenetic analyses showed a high variability in the frog taxa Physalaemus cuvieri and Physalaemus ephippifer and suggested the presence of undescribed diversity in this species complex. Here, by 1) adding specimens from the Brazilian Amazon region, 2) employing sequence-based species delimitation approaches, and 3) including RADseq-style markers, we demonstrate that the diversity in the P. cuvieri-P. ephippifer species complex is even greater than previously suspected. Specimens from Viruá and Western Pará, located at the Guiana Amazonian area of endemism, were recovered as distinct from all previously identified lineages by the phylogenetic analyses based on mitochondrial DNA and RAD markers, a PCA from RAD data, and cytogenetic analysis. The sequence-based species delimitation analyses supported the recognition of one or two undescribed species among these Amazonian specimens and also supported the recognition of at least three other species in the P. cuvieri-P.
Hyla arborea schelkownikowi is one of the leaf frog species inhabiting the southern territories of Russia and the former USSR. This frog species is a member of the Hylidae Rafinesque, 1815 batrachians family. The present study deals with the previously uninvestigated peptidome of the Hyla arborea schelkownikowi skin secretion. Nano-electrospray ionization Fourier transform mass spectrometry (nanoESI-FTMS) of the skin secretion, in the intact form and after acetylation, was selected as the general method of analysis. Electron-capture dissociation (ECD) and collision-induced dissociation (CID) fragmentation were both employed, while de novo sequencing was performed by manual interpretation of the MS data. The suppression of the cyclization of b-ions in the mass spectrometer by the acetylation reaction proved to be very efficient for the de novo sequencing of short peptides. Ten skin peptides were found and all of them, except for bradykinin, had not previously been reported. Six of the peptides ...
Most American green tree frog females breed once per year, but some have multiple clutches in a single mating season.[1] In a Florida population, "advertisement calls of males were documented between March and September and pairs in amplexus were observed between April and August." In the Florida population, the average number of offspring in a single clutch was observed to be about 400 eggs.[1] Eggs take between four and 14 days to hatch, with an average of five days.[1] According to the Animal Diversity Web at the University of Michigan Museum of Zoology, "Female size was positively correlated with clutch size, but after the initial clutch, the number of eggs nearly always decreased."[1] Breeding is known to be strongly influenced by day length, temperature, and precipitation."[1] While "the relative influence of these factors is not well understood," it is known as the frogs generally breed following rainfall, and males call more frequently as temperature and day length increase.[1] Some ...
Coloured scanning electron micrograph (SEM) Coqui frog toe pad (Eleutherodactylus coqui). The coqui, also called the little frog in Puerto Rico, has only a minute tail when it is born, which quickly disappears. Its length ranges between 15mm-80mm and the colour of the coqui varies considerably. green, brown and yellowish, sometimes having touches of different colours. This genus has no inter-digital membrane, which could indicate that they are not adapted to swim. All coquis have disks or pads on the tips of their toes, to help them adhere to surfaces, like moistened leaves. Magnification: x800 when shortest axis printed at 25 millimetres. - Stock Image C032/4676
One persistent issue of the taxonomy of Microhylidae has been the inclusion of scaphiophrynines (Scaphiophryne and Pseudohemisus); the group has been alternatively included in Ranidae or Microhylidae (see review in Wassersug, 1984). The ambiguity was based on the description of tadpoles of two Malagasy species by Angel (1931), which were referred to Pseudohemisus verrucosus and P. longimanus; these tadpoles had beaks and denticles. However, these larvae were shown to belong to ranid species (Blommers-Schlösser, personal communication in Wassersug [1984]). Otherwise, the monophyly of Microhylidae has not been questioned.. The Type 2 larva of Orton (1953, 1957) was generally considered diagnostic of Microhylidae, but larvae of scaphiophrynines, as for many microhylids, remained unknown. However, the description of the tadpole of Pseudohemisus granulosum (Blommers-Schlösser, 1975; Wassersug, 1984, 1989) provided an intermediate suite of characters between the Type 2 and Type 4 tadpoles, and drew ...
Among the Amphibia there are numerous examples of the suppression to a varying extent of a larval stage in the life-history. In such instances the animal is freed by various means from the necessity of passing its early phases of development in open water. This evolutionary trend has nowhere proceeded further than in the Anuran genus Eleutherodactylus, which is distributed through the Caribbean and the adjacent mainlands. In Eleutherodactylus, development is direct and wholly embryonic, and many larval features have been suppressed.. In 1871 was published the first description of a West Indian frog which laid eggs in air, and from which young frogs with fully formed limbs were hatched (Bello y Espinosa, 1871). Since that time some twenty papers have been published on the embryology of different species of the genus, mainly in recent years by Dr. W. Gardner Lynn and his collaborators.. ...
Coloured scanning electron micrograph (SEM) Frog blood in liver blood vessel (coqui, Eleutherodactylus coqui). Frogs have nucleated red blood cells. In the amphibian circulatory system blood accumulates oxygen in the lungs and is then returned to the heart before being pumped through the rest of the circulatory system. Mixing between oxygenated and deoxygenated blood occurs as blood returning to the heart from the lungs is mixed with incoming blood from the body. Frogs depend on cutaneous respiration for their oxygen supply. In this process oxygen from the air is drawn into a frogs body by the blood vessels that lie close to the skin. Waste gas and carbon dioxide are also released the same way. Magnification: x240 when shortest axis printed at 25 millimetres. - Stock Image C032/4707
Exceptional design of Exeter nursing and specialist dementia care home is recognised by Stirling University. Staff and residents at Exeters Green Tree Court residential nursing home are celebrating gaining top marks for creating an exceptionally dementia-friendly environment. The innovative nursing home in Pinhoe has been formally awarded the Stirling Gold Standard, an internationally recognised benchmark devised by the Dementia Services Development Centre (DSDC) based at the University of Stirling in Scotland. The overall score of 94% is exceptionally high and recognises the many elements of the design of the purpose built dementia wing at Green Tree Court that help to make every day activities easier for people living with dementia.. "When we first conceived the concept of Green Tree Court, we knew we wanted to do things differently, to really make a difference to the every day lives of our residents," commented Michelle Gorringe, Managing Director of Lexicon Healthcare. "We understood that ...
Hyla andersonii, only about 1-3 inches (25-76 mm) long, is one of the smaller species of tree frogs. Members of the species are predominantly green, with wide, dark stripes. They often have spotted, orange-gold markings on the hidden surfaces of their legs and tend to have large toe pads. The key to distinguishing the Pine Barrens tree frog from the similar-appearing American green tree frog (H. cinerea) is the white-bordered lavender stripe on each side of the body in the Pine Barrens tree frog. H. cinerea has only a white stripe in this location. ...
Santos-Barrera, G., Flores-Villela, O., Solís, F., Ibáñez, R., Savage, J., Chaves, G. & Kubicki, B. 2008. Anotheca spinosa. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2008: e.T55296A11276568. . Downloaded on 18 January 2018 ...
We report herein a case of predation by the ctenid spider Ctenus medius on a leptodactylid frog Leptodactylus marmoratus, observed in a remnant of the Atlantic Forest, municipality of São Vicente, São Paulo state, southeast Brazil. This is the first record of predation by C. medius upon L. marmoratus. Nevertheless, due to the high abundance of both groups, we suggest that the interaction between spiders and amphibians could be very common on the floor of the Atlantic Forest ...
The Mediterranean tree frog or stripeless tree frog is a species of frog found in Europe. It resembles the European tree frog, but is larger, has longer hind legs, and the flank stripe only reaches to the front
Die Universität zu Köln ist eine Exzellenzuniversität mit dem klassischen Fächerspektrum einer Volluniversität. Als eine der größen Hochschulen Europas arbeitet sie in Forschung und Lehre auch international auf höchstem Niveau.
This dataset contains the digitized treatments in Plazi based on the original journal article Toledo, Luís Felipe (2010): A new species of Elachistocleis (Anura; Microhylidae) from the Brazilian Amazon. Zootaxa 2496: 63-68, DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.195714 ...
Fiche de Discoglossus pictus dans Amphibiens et Reptiles au Maroc. Linformation, des cartes de répartition, des photos et des vidéos de Discoglossus pictus
During mating season, males use vocalizations described as chirps, buzzes, trills, and hums to get the attemtion of females. They also show off their brightly colored bodies. Calling is most intense for an hour or two after sunrise and before sunset.. After a female chooses a male, she follows him to his chosen breeding ground and strokes his back and snout. Sometimes both the male and female slowly circle one another and stamp their feet. Females compete for males.. The male frog leads the female to an appropriate spot to deposit her eggs. The eggs are usually laid on leaves, in areas of high humidity. Then the male frog tends to the eggs and newly hatched tadpoles.. In some species in the genus Dendrobates, newly hatched tadpoles cling the males back. Sitting upon their father, the tadpoles ride through the forest understory. The male climbs high up into the forest canopy, where he deposits the tadpoles into one of a variety of water-holding plants, particularly bromeliads. Although most ...
The biology of marsupial frogs is described in painstaking detail in this new book - the destillation of a lifetimes work by William E. Duellman (details here). It is superbly illustrated but at USD 120 a bit pricey. More than half the content comprises species accounts and no doubt it will find a place on the bookshelf of specialists. But it is well worth checking out for its insights into the reproductive biology of frogs. Who knew, for example, that the oocytes of Flectonotus pygmaeus have up to 2000 nuclei reduced during oogenesis to a single one? ...
Individuals should aim to adjust their parental behaviours in order to maximize the success of their offspring but minimize associated costs. Plasticity in parental care is well documented from various bird, mammal and fish species, whereas amphibians were traditionally assumed as being highly instinct-bound. Therefore, little is known about higher cognitive abilities of amphibians, such as strategic planning and behavioural flexibility. Dendrobatid frogs have evolved a remarkable diversity of parental behaviours. The most noticeable of these behaviours is tadpole transport, which is obligatory in almost all species. Nonetheless, there is limited knowledge about spatial and temporal patterns of tadpole transport and the possible existence of behavioural plasticity on the individual level. In this study, we investigated correlates of tadpole transport behaviour in a natural population of the dendrobatid frog Allobates femoralis during five years. Tadpole transport was predominantly observed during
Spea multiplicata (New Mexico Spadefoot) is a species of amphibians in the family American spadefoot toads. It is associated with freshwater habitat. It is found in the Nearctic and the Neotropics. It is a carnivore. Individuals can grow to 23.9 g. Spea multiplicata (New Mexico Spadefoot) has sexual reproduction. Reproduction is dioecious.. ...
BioMed Research International is a peer-reviewed, Open Access journal that publishes original research articles, review articles, and clinical studies covering a wide range of subjects in life sciences and medicine. The journal is divided into 55 subject-specific sections.
There have been many attempts to develop quadricycles from tadpole trikes (two wheels front, one rear), but we found that the main problem was lack of weight on the drive wheels, so that when one wheel lifted on uneven ground, traction was lost, unless there was drive to both wheels, and then there was drag on the corners unless an extra one way clutch was used on each wheel, and that increased the gearing on the turns. And even then, there is still only one third of the weight on the driving wheels. So traction is still no better than the standard tadpole. The other solution is add suspension, but this increases the complication, weight, and cost of the machine. Anura Quad neatly over comes these problems by using the delta configuration (two rear, one front) as a basis. The standard Anura Trike has 75% of the weight on the driving wheels, which means superior traction, plus it means the both drive wheels stay in contact with the ground over uneven surfaces, and the differential balances the ...
Frogs are amphibians in the order Anura (meaning "tail-less" from Greek an-, without + oura, tail). Adult frogs are characterised by long hind legs, a short body, webbed digits, protruding eyes and the absence of a tail. Most frogs have a semi-aquatic lifestyle, but move easily on land by jumping or climbing. They typically lay their eggs in puddles, ponds or lakes, and their larvae, called tadpoles, have gills and develop in water. Adult frogs follow a carnivorous diet, mostly of arthropods, annelids and gastropods. Frogs are most noticeable through their call, which can be widely heard during the mating season. The distribution of frogs ranges from tropic to subarctic regions, with most of the species found in tropical rainforests. With over 5,000 species described, they are among the most diverse groups of vertebrates. However the declining numbers of certain species of frogs are increasingly giving cause for concern caused by the Chytrid Fungus. ...
Researchers say a common North American frog has been identified as a carrier of a deadly disease decimating world amphibian populations.
The Australian tree frog has a few other names like Whites tree frog, or simply the green tree frog, but its this last name we like best - the dumpy tree frog, because it is, well, dumpy. The frog was actually originally known by yet another name, the "blue frog" because a mistake in dead-specimen preservation led to the original specimens appearing to have blue skin. ...
The species is found in sparsely timbered savannah, sclerophyll woodland and grassland on clay soils. It spends most of its life buried underground and emerges only after heavy rain when it can be found on low-lying swampy ground, which remains saturated after rain. It breeds after heavy rains in shallow flooded areas. Males call whilst floating in water and their bodies are inflated with air from their distended lungs. About 500-1400 eggs are laid in long chains tangled in submerged vegetation. Tadpoles hatch and complete development in 8 weeks ...
When a dead red eyed tree frogs egg is used as food by fly larvae, that is an important part of the decomposition of living material. Frog flies tend to choose dead eggs but can lay on others that are healthy nearby.
c 33) In periodical cicadas reproductive character displacement was seen by John Cooley and David Marshall in what character: a) abdomen color, b) mitochondrial DNA sequence, c) male song pitch, d) Male mating dance, e) wing color. Written answers: 34) List four possible consequences of secondary contact between two formerly isolated populations (2 points): a) populations meet but dont mate (full reproductive isolation) b) populations meet and mate randomly and fuse together (no isolation) c) populations meet, mate but hybrids less fit (Bonus: possible selection for reproductive character displacement, genes may or may not introgress into parent populations depending on selection). d) populations meet, mate but hybrids more fit in hybrid zones (stable hybrid zone) Written Answers continued: The tree frog Hyla versicolor is believed to have evolved from Hyla chrysoscelis multiple times in multiple locations by doubling its chromosomes (polyploidy). A phylogenetic tree for your reference is ...
c 33) In periodical cicadas reproductive character displacement was seen by John Cooley and David Marshall in what character: a) abdomen color, b) mitochondrial DNA sequence, c) male song pitch, d) Male mating dance, e) wing color. Written answers: 34) List four possible consequences of secondary contact between two formerly isolated populations (2 points): a) populations meet but dont mate (full reproductive isolation) b) populations meet and mate randomly and fuse together (no isolation) c) populations meet, mate but hybrids less fit (Bonus: possible selection for reproductive character displacement, genes may or may not introgress into parent populations depending on selection). d) populations meet, mate but hybrids more fit in hybrid zones (stable hybrid zone) Written Answers continued: The tree frog Hyla versicolor is believed to have evolved from Hyla chrysoscelis multiple times in multiple locations by doubling its chromosomes (polyploidy). A phylogenetic tree for your reference is ...
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Red eyed tree frogs are named by the colour of their eyes. They like keeping a low profile and therefore often have successful mating seasons, but not always. Mating Red Eyed Tree Frogs versus...
Custom green trees models originally made for Wolf:ET, but can be also exported to other formats thru source files included in pack.
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There are many species of tree frogs, and most require similar care. Find out what supplies, housing and foods you need to keep your new amphibian happy & healthy with our tree frog car sheet!
Browse and buy affordable Amphibia stock photos. 245 images: Male And Female Frog Copulating, Isolated On White, Frogs Copulating Under Clear Water, Isolated On White, American Green Tree Frog, Isolated On White, Land Turtle Reptile Black Silhouette Animal
Sartorius muscle aka Musculus sartorius in the latin terminology and part of overview of the muscles of the hip and thigh. Learn more now!
Years of combing tropical mountain forests, shining flashlights under rocks and listening for croaks in the night have paid off for a team of Indian scientists which has discovered 12 new frog species plus three others thought ...
We describe a new species of Pristimantis from the humid sub-montane forest of the Región Cusco in Peru. Pristimantis pluvialis sp. n. was collected in the Kosñipata and Entoro valleys at elevations from 740 to 1110 m a.s.l., near the borders of Manu National Park and within the Huachiperi Haramba Queros Conservation Concession. The new species can be distinguished from other members of the genus Pristimantis by its rostral tubercle, smooth dorsal skin, and by its advertisement call. Pristimantis lacrimosus and P. waoranii superficially most resemble the new species, but P. pluvialis sp. n. differs from both species by having a rostral tubercle (absent in P. waoranii and variable in P. lacrimosus) and larger size, from P. lacrimosus by its call emitted at a lower frequency, and from P. waoranii for its dorsal coloration with dark markings. Two other species have partially overlapping distributions and resemble the new species, P. mendax and P. olivaceus, but they produce advertisement calls with much
Because of its close relationship with the process of evolutionary differentiation, it is expected that geographic variability in acoustic sexual traits should be greater among than within populations. This is particularly expected in organisms with typically high population genetic structure and low dispersal abilities, such as anuran amphibians. We studied the acoustic traits of the advertisement call in the small-sized dendrobatoid frog Allobates paleovarzensis through its range in Central Amazonia. We accessed the variability of call traits from the within-male to the among-population levels, and evaluated the degree of stereotypy of the call characteristics. Call variability had comparable magnitudes within and among populations, and was independent of the degree of stereotypy of call measurements. Therefore, none of the call traits stood out as a potential cue for discrimination between populations. Spectral call measurements were static and strongly related with body size, which explained between
A group of frog were travelling through the woods and two of them fell into deep drain. When the other frogs saw how deep the drain was they told the two that they were as good as dead. The two frogs ignored the comments and tried to jump out of the drain with all their might. The other frogs kept telling them to stop; that they were as good as dead. Finally, one of the frogs took heed of what the other frogs were saying and gave up. He fell down and died ...
Temporal variation, duty cycle, and absolute calling effort during sustained calling of Leptodactylus mystacinus (Anura: Leptodactylidae). p...
In daylight, the color of a South American tree frog or a tree frog (Hypsiboas punctatus) is quite common: you can see soft green, yellow and red colors. But
Cold packs and cold therapy gels reduce inflammation and pain on recent onset sartorius muscle aches, while heat and compression relieve chronic pain, according to The Wellness Digests Donna Martin,...
2N0O: Micelle Bound Structure and Model Membrane Interaction Studies of the Peptide Hylin a1 from the Arboreal South American Frog Hypsiboas albopunctatus.
Photographs, audio recordings, and detailed information on the natural history of the Pacific Chorus Frog (A.K.A Pacific Treefrog) - Pseudacris regilla
September 30, 2016 - Toughie, the worlds last Rabbs Fringe-limbed Tree Frog and a symbol of the extinction crisis, has died at his home in the Atlanta Botanical Garden. He lives on through Joel Sartores Photo Ark Project.
A tree frog only seen once in the 1870s has been found again -- in large numbers and thriving -- in the hilly forests of northeastern India.
Ranoids are a large and very diverse group. In a sense they are a radiation equivalent to the hyloids (=bufonoids). (Realize however that there is little evidence for hyloid monophyly, whereas there are data supporting ranoid monophyly, depending on the inclusion of Dendrobatidae.) Ranoids however are firmisternal, meaning that the left and right epicoracoid cartilages of the shoulder girdle are fused. In contrast, the hyloids are mostly arciferal, meaning that the cartilages overlap, and are not fused. Ranoids can be viewed as the Old World counterpart of the hylids, bufonids, and leptodactylids. Ranidae are analogous to Leptodactylidae in being a diverse, paraphyletic group of non-treefrog forms, but with their center of diversity in Africa and Southeast Asia, with a minor radiation of the genus Rana in the New World. Rhacophoridae and Hyperoliidae are the Old World ranoid treefrog types, analogous to hylids in Central and South America. Microhylids are perhaps the firmisternal ...
jelly gamat Realize it or not, we live in this world depends on the environment, we drink water from our environment, we breath air from our environment and we eat foods which are planted from our environment. jelly gamat Our environment has a great influence in our live. Our environment gives us life. Good or bad the condition of our environment will definitely affect our live even our existence. Our environment is our life. jelly gamat Lets close our eyes and remember few years back. Few years ago, there were many green trees around us but now those green trees are gone and replaced with grey stiff buildings jelly gamat gold g Few years ago, we could still breath deeper to fill our lung with fresh air of oxygen but now that refreshing oxygen was gone and replaced with thick Carbon Monoxide. qnc jelly gamat Few years ago, we could still look at our reflections on the river because of the clear water but now those reflection was gone and replaced with pale face of trash qnc jelly gamat Grey ...
jelly gamat Realize it or not, we live in this world depends on the environment, we drink water from our environment, we breath air from our environment and we eat foods which are planted from our environment. jelly gamat Our environment has a great influence in our live. Our environment gives us life. Good or bad the condition of our environment will definitely affect our live even our existence. Our environment is our life. jelly gamat Lets close our eyes and remember few years back. Few years ago, there were many green trees around us but now those green trees are gone and replaced with grey stiff buildings jelly gamat gold g Few years ago, we could still breath deeper to fill our lung with fresh air of oxygen but now that refreshing oxygen was gone and replaced with thick Carbon Monoxide. qnc jelly gamat Few years ago, we could still look at our reflections on the river because of the clear water but now those reflection was gone and replaced with pale face of trash qnc jelly gamat Grey ...
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While the small White-eyed Vireo rambles among the low bushes and brambles of the fields of all parts of the United States, the Yellow-throated species takes possession of the forest, and gleans with equal ease among the branches of the tallest trees, to which it seems to give a marked preference during the spring and summer. It is fond of the quietest solitudes, and in its habits is nearly allied to the Red-eyed Vireo. Like it also, it is a slow, careful, and industrious bird, never imitating the petulant, infantile, and original (if I may so speak) freaks of its gay relative, the White-eyed. It is more silent than either of the species above mentioned, although its notes have a strong resemblance to those of the Red-eyed. These notes are more measured and plaintive than those of any of its tribe, sometimes consisting of sounds resembling the syllables pree-a, pree-a, rising and falling in sweet modulation. One might imagine them the notes of a bird lost in the woods, and they make a strong ...
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The government, by aiming conspiracy charges against the activists of the opposition, is engaged in a witch hunt against them as they have become a c
The sartorius is a small, ribbon-like muscle that runs from the forward outside portion of your pelvis down to the inside of your leg, just below the knee....
J. Faivovich, C.F.B. Haddad, D. Baêta, K.-H. Jungfer, G.F.R. Álvares, R.A. Brandão, C.A. Sheil, L.S. Barrientos, C.L. Barrio-Amorós, C.A.G. Cruz & W.C. Wheeler. 2010: The phylogenetic relationships of the charismatic poster frogs, Phyllomedusinae (Anura, Hylidae). Cladistics, 26: 227-261 ...
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According to recent research studies on 4 species of tiny tree frogs that live on these tepuis, evolutionary biologists are able to use their DNA molecular clock and compared them to their closest lowland relatives to determine how long ago their common ancestor existed before it accumulated new mutations and diverged into separate species. It was discovered that the common ancestor of these 4 frog species lived about 5.3 million years ago, and not 70 million years ago. This means there is a possibility that the frogs scaled up the colossal cliffs to the tepuis and became separate species only several hundred thousand years ago. ...
Frog Forum - Your Pet Frog Community. Authoritative discussion forum for pet frogs and toads, including dart frogs, tree frogs, bullfrogs, toads, etc
A toad is an amphibian of the order Anura, a classification which also includes the frog. I always thought the difference between toads and frogs revolv...
Diaz-Rodriguez, J; Gehara, M; Marquez, R; Vences, M; Goncalves, H; Sequeira, F; Martinez-Solano, I; Tejedo, M. 2017. Integration of molecular, bioacoustical and morphological data reveals two new cryptic species of Pelodytes (Anura, Pelodytidae) from the Iberian Peninsula. ZOOTAXA 4243(1): 1-41. Doi 10.11646/zootaxa.4243.1. ...
Sartorius Stedim Biotech started the first ever industrial production of microfilter membranes in 1929. Since then our manufacturing technology has been...
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Get an answer for What three things will an individual have to cut through before they can obseree the frogs insides? and find homework help for other Science questions at eNotes
Hi guys, so in our class, weve been thought Frogs and their skeleton, and I was hoping someone would be kind enough to check my notes for me ...
(Hyla arborea) The European tree frog is amongst the floppiest creatures. Its vanity is so great that it changes its color depending on the environment in which it occurs. Green against the green. Information on buying property in Nikopol and Pleven region.
Examination of serial sections of the oesophagus and stomach of Rana esculenta and Bombina variegata revealed that oesophageal peptic glands were only present in Rana, where gastric glandular cells performed only one functional role, represented by HCl production. In contrast, in Bombina the gastric glands were mainly of oxynticopeptic cells with dual oxyntic and peptic roles, reflected morphologically by distinct different areas of their cytoplasm. During activity of the oxynticopeptic cells cytoplasmic differences were reduced because the tubular profiles, carrying HCl, and zymogen granules emerged at the cell apex.
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Taxonomy of the frogs of the genus Mannophryne (Amphibia, Anura, Dendrobatidae) by Enrique La Marca; 1 edition; First published in 1994; Subjects: Mannophryne
Arginine vasotocin increases calling-site acquisition by nonresident male grey treefrogs. Microhabitat selection by the Pacific treefrog, Hyla regilla
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Spermatogonia _ three stages of differentiation were distinguished. The primordial spermatogonia or primordial germ cells are the most voluminous cells of the spermatogenetic lineage, whose nuclei are irregular and with a multilobular aspect. They present chromatinic granu-lations, beside a single, eccentric nucleolus. In general, they are very close to the locular wall, and are associate to the Sertoli cells which still have aspect of follicular cells and the nucleus is falciform. It is also common that these sperma-togonia be isolated or joined in small groups, but this do not characterize germ cysts. From mitotic divisions, the primary (I) and the secondary (II) spermatogonia are originated. The secondary ones are smaller, more irregular, and they were identified due to the nuclear compactation degree. The spermatogonia I are organized as cellular cysts with a irregular aspect and hard delimitation, they are located near the locular wall. The spermatogonia II suffer some alterations, which ...
For the purpose of reproduction most amphibians require fresh water although some lay their eggs on land and have developed various means of keeping them moist. A few (e.g. Fejervarya raja) can inhabit brackish water, but there are no true marine amphibians.[66] There are reports, however, of particular amphibian populations unexpectedly invading marine waters. Such was the case with the Black Sea invasion of the natural hybrid Pelophylax esculentus reported in 2010.[67]. Several hundred frog species in adaptive radiations (e.g., Eleutherodactylus, the Pacific Platymantis, the Australo-Papuan microhylids, and many other tropical frogs), however, do not need any water for breeding in the wild. They reproduce via direct development, an ecological and evolutionary adaptation that has allowed them to be completely independent from free-standing water. Almost all of these frogs live in wet tropical rainforests and their eggs hatch directly into miniature versions of the adult, passing through the ...
Recently a new Mathematical Biology program for undergraduate students at the University of Louisiana was developed. In this talk, the new courses that are being developed as part of this program will be presented and the research projects that the undergraduate students participate in will be discussed. In particular, as part of what we hope will be a long-term monitoring survey, a population of the green tree frog (Hyla cinerea) was followed from June through October 2004 and 2005 at the National Wetlands Research Center (NWRC) and the National Marine Fisheries Service complex (NMFC). Due to urbanization, the frog population is relatively isolated. H. cinerea were collected once a week, measured, and marked. Data from the captures were used to estimate the population size of the frogs at the NWRC/NMFC complex. The results indicate that the data period can be split into two time periods: the first during and the second after the breeding season. During the breeding season we found our ...
For the purpose of reproduction most amphibians require fresh water although some lay their eggs on land and have developed various means of keeping them moist. A few (e.g. Fejervarya raja) can inhabit brackish water, but there are no true marine amphibians.[67] There are reports, however, of particular amphibian populations unexpectedly invading marine waters. Such was the case with the Black Sea invasion of the natural hybrid Pelophylax esculentus reported in 2010.[68]. Several hundred frog species in adaptive radiations (e.g., Eleutherodactylus, the Pacific Platymantis, the Australo-Papuan microhylids, and many other tropical frogs), however, do not need any water for breeding in the wild. They reproduce via direct development, an ecological and evolutionary adaptation that has allowed them to be completely independent from free-standing water. Almost all of these frogs live in wet tropical rainforests and their eggs hatch directly into miniature versions of the adult, passing through the ...
Skilled at multi-tasking, our Home Administrator Carol Mayo juggles everything from dealing with essential day-to-day finance, and payroll to meeting visitors and co-ordinating cover for staff sickness. She could be described as the oil that keeps the Green Tree Court engine running smoothly - so here we find out a bit more:. What is a typical day like?. No two days are the same. A large proportion of my role is dealing with finance, whether it is creating reports, sending off a funding tender or producing the monthly billing for our residents. I might be organising our contractors one moment and preparing contracts for staff the next. I thrive on a challenge and it certainly helps to be very adaptable and flexible in this role.. Ive got a great team to help me and together we make sure that every day is perfectly organised. Our aim is for everything to seem calm to everyone else - even if sometimes it doesnt feel that way to us!. You clearly need to be organised - how do you do it?. Ive ...
Several representatives of this family of small, diurnal frogs are famous for their bright skin coloration and associated toxins. There are from four to seven genera in this family, and less than 200 species. Distribution is restricted to humid tropical America, from Nicaragua to Brazil, with the greatest diversity in northwestern South America.. Dendrobatids are the most brightly colored of any anuran group. Although the large genus Colostethus is drab-colored and non-toxic, the derived "aposematically colored dendrobatids" (members of the genera Dendrobates, Phyllobates, and their kin) have skin toxins comprised of lipophilic alkaloids, some of which can easily kill a human if ingested. The only other anuran group exhibiting both bright colors and lipophilic alkaloids are the unrelated Mantellas (Rhacophoridae). Dendrobatids are small (20-40 mm snout-vent length, though the putative basal species, the nocturnal Aromobates, attains lengths of 62 mm). Synapomorphies of this family include the ...
Background. Frogs are generalist predators of a wide range of typically small prey items. But descriptions of dietary items regularly include other anurans, such that frogs are considered to be among the most important of anuran predators. However, the only existing hypothesis for the inclusion of anurans in the diet of post-metamorphic frogs postulates that it happens more often in bigger frogs. Moreover, this hypothesis has yet to be tested.Methods. We reviewed the literature on frog diet in order to test the size hypothesis and determine whether there are other putative explanations for anurans in the diet of post-metamorphic frogs. In addition to size, we recorded the habitat, the number of other sympatric anuran species, and whether or not the population was invasive. We controlled for taxonomic bias by including the superfamily in our analysis.Results. Around one fifth of the 355 records included anurans as dietary items of populations studied, suggesting that frogs eating anurans is not unusual.
This dataset contains the digitized treatments in Plazi based on the original journal article Cisneros-Heredia, Diego F., Mcdiarmid, And Roy W. (2006): A new species of the genus Centrolene (Amphibia: Anura: Centrolenidae) from Ecuador with comments on the taxonomy and biogeography of Glassfrogs. Zootaxa 1244: 1-32, DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.172896 ...
Find the fascicles article Early scientific names of Amphibia Anura I. Introduction on the website of Scientific Publications of the Muséum national dHistoire naturelle, Paris
The Red backed Poison Frog (Ranitomeya reticulata) is a species of frog belonging to the family Dendrobatidae. Its an arboreal insectivorous species, and is the second most poisonous species in the genus, after R. variabilis. Like many species of small poisonous frogs native to South America, its grouped with the poison dart frogs, and is a moderately toxic species, containing poison that is capable of causing serious injury to humans, and death in animals such as chickens. This frog is native to Peru and Ecuador.. Its toxins are utilized as the frogs natural defense mechanisms, making them inedible to many, if not most, of the predators in its natural area. To advertise its poison and to further reduce the risk of injury, the red backed poison frog displays its brilliant warning colors, especially its red-orange back, for which it is named. Like all dendrobatids, it doesnt manufacture the poison itself, but rather is theorized to take the toxins from the ants, mites, and beetles on which it ...
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Authorities disagree as to whether Salientia is a superorder that includes the order Anura, or whether Anura is a sub-order of ... The order Anura (from the Ancient Greek a(n)- meaning "without" and oura meaning "tail") comprises the frogs and toads. They ... Anura is divided into three suborders that are broadly accepted by the scientific community, but the relationships between some ... The three modern orders of amphibians are Anura (the frogs and toads), Urodela (the salamanders), and Apoda (the caecilians). ...
The order Anura includes the frogs and toads. There is no fundamental difference between frogs and toads. Frogs have a short ... These include the Anura (frogs and toads), Caudata (salamanders and newts) and Gymnophiona (caecilians). They are all rather ... of them are in the Anura.[3] In number of species, they are more successful than mammals, though they occupy a smaller range of ...
The pickerel frog is a medium sized gray or tan frog marked with seven to twenty-one irregular rectangular dark brown spots which are oriented in two columns down its back.[3] The distinctive rectangular spots of the pickerel frog may blend together to form a long rectangle along the back. All leopard frogs have circular spots. In addition, pickerel frogs have prominent dorsolateral ridges that are unbroken. Another important distinguishing mark is the orange or yellow flash pattern found on the inner surface of the hind legs of pickerel frogs. The frog must be picked up to examine this, as the legs cover the coloration otherwise. The plains leopard frog (Lithobates blairi) exhibits this coloration as well, but the dorsolateral ridges are interrupted and inset medially in that species. The front toes of pickerel frogs are not webbed, a morphological characteristic for some frogs of the genus Rana and some frogs of the genus Lithobates. This allows pickerel frogs to be fit for terrestrial life. ...
Gissi, Carmela; Diego San Mauro; Graziano Pesole; Rafael Zardoya (February 2006). "Mitochondrial phylogeny of Anura (Amphibia ...
The Black-spotted Sticky Frog (Kalophrynus pleurostigma) is a small frog with a black spot just in front of each of its hind legs. It releases a sticky substance when threatened, thereby making it an unpleasant meal for predators, allowing it to escape from harm.. This species develops in the pitchers of some carnivorous Nepenthes,[1] a habitat that is fast diminishing locally. On a global scale, it is not yet considered threatened by the IUCN.. ...
The Levant water frog (Pelophylax bedriagae), formerly belonging to the genus Rana, is a southern European species of frog. They are green to brown in color with dark blotches on their dorsal side. They are cousins of the aquatic frogs and live most of the time in the water. They are not poisonous and are quite large, especially the females. It has been introduced in some countries where it was not native, one of which is Malta. First kept as a pet, then recently during the 1990s, it was deliberately introduced to a number of fresh water rock pools in Gozo, where in one it sustains a large population. Though a prolific and invasive species, it is restricted to constant fresh water supply, so it cannot spread naturally on its own on arid Mediterranean islands. ...
Origin and Identity of Fejervarya (Anura: Dicroglossidae) on Guam. Pacific Science 70(2):233-241. https://doi.org/10.2984/70.2. ...
In a sample of 15 individuals, weights ranged between 600 and 3,250 g (1.32 and 7.17 lb), and snout-vent lengths were between 17 and 32 cm (6.7 and 12.6 in).[3] Their eyes can be nearly 2.5 cm (1.0 in) in diameter. The conspicuous tympanum has a diameter around 0.5 cm (0.20 in) and is separated from the eye by about 5 cm (2.0 in) in adults. Goliath frog eggs and tadpoles are about the same size as other frogs despite their very large adult form. A lateral fold extends from the eye to the posterior portion of the tympanum. Toes are fully webbed, with large interdigital membranes extending down to the toe tips. The second toe is the longest. The skin on the dorsum and on top of the limbs is granular. Dorsal coloration is green sienna, while the abdomen and ventral part of the limbs are yellow/orange. They have acute hearing, but no vocal sac, and also lack nuptial pads. ...
Anura. Family:. Hylidae. Genus:. Cruziohyla. Species:. C. craspedopus. Binomial name. Cruziohyla craspedopus. (Funkhouser, 1957 ...
The mating "ceremonies" begin in spring, when adult frogs congregate on sandy and/or rocky bars to mate. Previously believed to mate from March to May, recent experiments have shown the time to be closer to April to late June.[5] High stream velocities, however, may dislodge R. boylii egg masses from oviposition substrates.[8] Thus, R. boylii avoids rapid waters to protect the egg masses from being swept away. This technique is why the species has a long breeding season. If the conditions do not meet their standards, they refuse to mate and wait until the water velocities go back down to ideal. For the foothill yellow-legged frog, oviposition, or the depositing of eggs, is somewhat sporadic because delays such as rains could cause problems such as unwanted removal of eggs.[5] The males also perform mating calls mostly underwater, and those above the water are faint and hard to hear over 50 m. After the frogs have successfully mated, the egg masses are laid about 0.5 m attached to rocks ...
The Columbia spotted frog reproduces similarly to other amphibians, but with a few unique details added. They need to reproduce in areas where emergent vegetation is present. Two of the favorite types of vegetation for reproduction are reed canary grasses and cattails. The spotted frog reproduces in the same areas where it lives- ponds, slow-moving streams, and lakes. The males present to the females a chorus (type of song) to try to attract a female for mating. This song ranges from a series of clicks to long, glottal sounds. This frog has an unusual characteristic of its reproduction. The male frog arrives at the breeding grounds before the female and establishes the oviposition site before the females become reproductively active. ...
The Wyoming toad, common until their sharp decrease in population in the 1970s, was officially listed as endangered in January 1984. Their only known habitat was located within the Laramie Basin, which was within 30 miles (48 km) of Laramie, Wyoming. The Wyoming toad was most often found along the shores of Mortenson Lake, located southwest of Laramie, Wyoming. This lake, an alpine lake situated at 7,256 feet (2,212 m) above sea level, had maintained a healthy and reproductive population of Wyoming toads. However, recent research shows that the toad has become less procreative, possibly due to a red leg bacteria that was discovered in 1990.[9]. The Wyoming Toad Recovery Group, formed in 1987, was established to help initiate a plan for recovery efforts and extended research. The Group has been focusing primarily on monitoring and protecting the Laramie population and searching for additional habitats or other populations. They also maintain efforts in maintaining a healthy habitat for the ...
The Oregon spotted frog (Rana pretiosa, meaning "precious frog") is a member of the frog family Ranidae of order Anura. It is a ...
... s are active from January to October, depending on latitude and elevation, and hibernate over the winter.[12] Boreal toads in one Colorado population used natural chambers near a small stream bed. The high water table, constantly flowing stream, and deep winter snow served to maintain the air temperature within the hibernaculum at a point slightly above freezing. Emergence from hibernation followed a few days of warm temperatures that freed the entrance and increased temperatures within the chamber to about 39.2 °F (4.0 °C).[10][13] At low elevations western toads are active at night; at high elevations and in the northern parts of their range they are diurnal.[12] Body temperature of western toads is closely correlated with the substrate temperature. Basking and conduction from the substrate are primary means of increasing body temperature and cooling is achieved by evaporative cooling and conduction of heat to a cooler medium. Diurnal and nocturnal activity are often related to ...
"New World direct-developing frogs (Anura: Terrarana): Molecular phylogeny, classification, biogeography, and conservation" ...
Anura. Family:. Eleutherodactylidae. Genus:. Eleutherodactylus. Subgenus:. Eleutherodactylus. Species:. E. cochranae. Binomial ...
In the dry season, this frog lives in shallow streams and hides under tree roots, under flat stones, or in holes in the riverbank. It feeds primarily on earthworms, insect larvae and tadpoles. When the rainy season starts it migrates across the forest floor at night to find temporary pools. Spawning may take place in large pools with much vegetation, but tadpoles are also sometimes found in muddy pools with no vegetation. Single eggs may be attached to plants or they may float. The tadpoles have broad mouths and no jaws, but have long tentacles on their upper lips. The ventral fins of their tails are broader than the dorsal ones. Their body colour is generally orange and the tail transparent but in darker locations the tail may be blackish. The tadpoles feed by filtering zooplankton from the water. In large water bodies, they may form dense swarms. Metamorphosis takes place when the tadpoles measure about 5 cm (2 in) in length.[9] ...
Most American green tree frog females breed once per year, but some have multiple clutches in a single mating season.[1] In a Florida population, "advertisement calls of males were documented between March and September and pairs in amplexus were observed between April and August." In the Florida population, the average number of offspring in a single clutch was observed to be about 400 eggs.[1] Eggs take between four and 14 days to hatch, with an average of five days.[1] According to the Animal Diversity Web at the University of Michigan Museum of Zoology, "Female size was positively correlated with clutch size, but after the initial clutch, the number of eggs nearly always decreased."[1] Breeding is known to be strongly influenced by day length, temperature, and precipitation."[1] While "the relative influence of these factors is not well understood," it is known as the frogs generally breed following rainfall, and males call more frequently as temperature and day length increase.[1] Some ...
p. 8. Frost, Darrel R. (2017). "Anura". Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. American Museum of ...
Foufopoulos, Johannes; Brown, Rafe M. (2004). "New frog of the genus Platymantis (Amphibia; Anura; Ranidae) from New Britain ...
Anura. New York, USA: Oxford University Press. pp. 357-364. Blackburn, David C. "Family Arthroleptidae". AmphibiaWeb. ...
"The island of the giant wolf spiders". Anura. Retrieved 2016-02-02. O'Brien, John. "Going the way of the dinosaurs". ...
A new species of narrow-mouthed frog (Amphibia; Anura; Microhylidae: genus Kaloula) from the mountains of southern Luzon and ...
"Anura :: From tadpole to adult - Britannica Online Encyclopedia". Britannica.com. Retrieved 2008-11-03. "Larvae: Information ...
"A new species of Hypsiboas (Amphibia; Anura; Hylidae) from the Venezuelan Guayana, with notes on Hypsiboas sibleszi (Rivero ...
Anura - Natural history: The breeding behaviour is one of the most distinctive attributes of the Anura. Because the eggs can ... The breeding behaviour is one of the most distinctive attributes of the Anura. Because the eggs can develop only under moist ... ": { "url": "/animal/Anura", "shareUrl": "https://www.britannica.com/animal/Anura", "title": "Anura", "documentGroup": "TOPIC ...
Anura may refer to: Anura (frog), the order for frogs Anura (plant), a genus of flowering plants in the daisy family Anura is a ... Sri Lankan cricketer Anura Rohana, Sri Lankan golfer Anura Tennekoon (born 1946), Sri Lankan cricketer Anura Wegodapola (born ... Sri Lankan politician Anura Kumara Dissanayaka (born 1968), Sri Lankan politician Anura Horatious, Sri Lankan novelist Anura C ... Anura Bandara Samarakoon] (born 1970) is a consultant obstetrician and gynaecologist Anura, Varanasi, a village in Uttar ...
... and Anura Priyantha, a camera assistant for the state-owned Independent Television Network, were fatally wounded by shrapnel ... Indika Pathinivasan, a camera assistant for Sri Lankas privately owned Maharaja Television Network, and Anura Priyantha, a ...
Anura Tennekoon at CricketArchive Anura Tennekoon at Cricinfo Anura Tennekoon talks about Lankan cricket in the past with ... Anura Punchi Banda Tennekoon was born in Anuradhapura. At the age of six, he moved to Colombo, and was admitted to S. Thomas ... Anura Tennekoon (born 29 October 1946) is a former Sri Lankan cricketer and ODI captain of the Sri Lanka national cricket team ... Thomas College alumni Wijesinghe, Rohan (22 November 2009). "Anura Tennekoon - spirit of cricket". Sunday Observer. Archived ...
Anura has a total population of 1,178 people amongst 171 families. Sex ratio of Anura is 894 and child sex ratio is 926. Uttar ... Anura (Hindi: अनुरा) is a village in Pindra Tehsil of Varanasi district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. Anura is within ... Pradesh state average for both ratios is 912 and 902 respectively [note]. Anura can be accessed by road and does not have a ...
Anura Ranasinghe at ESPNcricinfo Cricket stars pay homage to Anura Ranasinghe. An article written by SAADI Thawfeeq to ... Anura Nandana Ranasinghe (13 October 1956, Kalutara - 9 November 1998, Colombo) was a former Sri Lankan cricketer, who ... Limited Over Encounter and it is named after Anura Ranasinghe. Alter, J. (5 September 2009). "The one that got away". Cricinfo. ...
"Anura: Boycott Burmese products". BBC News. 30 September 2007. The Bandaranaike Ancestry The Ratwatte Ancestry Website of the ... Anura Priyadarshi Solomon Dias Bandaranaike (February 15, 1949 - March 16, 2008) was a Sri Lankan politician, served as Speaker ... List of political families in Sri Lanka Shamindra Fernando.Close friends reminisce how he missed the bus.Anuras dropped ... In 1994 his sister Chandrika Kumarathunga became the state leader and Anura always felt that Chandrika stole his legecy. ...
Anura Wegodapola (born Senevirathne Panditha Abeykoon Bandaranayaka Wasala Mudiyense Ralahamilage Anura Bandara Wegodapola on ... "Anura Wegodapola". Cricinfo. ESPN. Retrieved 10 May 2016. Anura Wegodapola at Cricket Archive. ...
Hasora anura, the slate awl, is a species of hesperid butterfly found in Asia. In India it is found in Sikkim and the Khasi ... Card for Hasora anura in LepIndex. Accessed 12 October 2007. Markku Savelas website on Lepidoptera Page on Hasora genus. TOL ... anura; the latter also is a smaller insect; the female differs in having the three large discal yellow spots of the forewing ...
Anura Rohana at the Asian Tour official site Anura Rohana at the Official World Golf Ranking official site. ... Anura Rohana (born 11 September 1973) is a Sri Lankan professional golfer. He plays primarily on the Professional Golf Tour of ... Anura Rohana". Professional Golf Tour of India. Retrieved 6 November 2015. "Rohana wins Surya Nepal Masters". The Hindu. 26 ...
Rahula Anura Attalage has been appointed as the new Deputy Vice Chancellor of the University of Moratuwa". EFSU-University of ... Rahula Anura Attalage is the Deputy Vice Chancellor, a professor of mechanical engineering, and the director of the Post ... "Profile of Professor Rahula Anura Attalage,Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Moratuwa". Archived from the ...
Yapa Appuhamilage Anura Priyadharshana (known as Anura Priyadharshana Yapa born 18 January 1959) MP is Sri Lankas Cabinet ... Anura Priyadharshana Yapa is also the General Secretary of the Sri Lanka Freedom Party. He was also Sri Lankas former Cabinet ...
Currently Anura Kumara Dissanayake is number one in Parliament Ranks. [1] List of Govigama people Anura Kumara Dissanayake is ... Agriculture Minister Anura Kumara Dissanayake will launch tomorrow Tank renovation scheme at Yapahuwa. Parliament profile ... Dissanayaka Mudiyanselage Anura Kumara Dissanayaka (Sinhala:අනුර කුමාර දිසානායක, Tamil:அநுர குமார திசாநாயக்க ) (born 24 ...
Anura C. Perera (born 18 June 1947) is a Sri Lankan science writer and astronomer. He resides in the United States. Perera was ... Sarasavi The Book Shop "Anura C. Perera launches book on Venus on the day of Venus transit" "මාව වෙනස් කළේ සූර්යග්‍රහණයක් තාරකා ... "Science writer and Astronomer Anura C Perera has made arrangements" Archived September 11, 2014, at the Wayback Machine. ...
anura definition: Proper noun 1. A taxonomic order within the subclass Lissamphibia - the frogs and toads. Origin From the New ... Orders: Anura, Urodela, Perennibranchia, Caeciliae.. *Owen, which name is restricted to the forms for which it was originally ... How would you define anura? Add your definition here.. Please enable JavaScript to view the comments powered by Disqus.. ... intended; Peromela, Urodela, Anura, are changed to Apoda, Caudata, Ecaudata, for the reason that (unless obviously misleading, ...
America Anura Coast Enticing: 2 assigned downloads, like Gulf Coast Toad (Bufo valliceps), male calling at night, vocal sac ... Similar tags: america • anura • coast • during • enticing Top tags: sound effects • games shop • service repair manual • yamaha ...
Suborder of Anura for Pipidae.. Phaneroglossa Goodrich, 1930, Stud. Struct. Develop. Vert.: xxi. Suborder under Anura for frogs ... Suborder under Anura to include Liopelmidae (sensu lato).. Opisthocoela Noble, 1931, Biol. Amph.: 486. Suborder under Anura to ... Anura Hogg, 1839, Mag. Nat. Hist., N.S., 3: 270. Explicit order for frogs. Presumably an emendation of Anoura Gray, 1825, ... Anura Lichtenstein and Martens, 1856, Nomencl. Rept. Amph. Mus. Zool. Berol.: 36. Order for frogs. Presumably a subsequent ...
The Greenspeed Anura Quad. Why a four wheeler?. The Anura Trike (three wheeler) was built primarily to be easy to to ride, and ... Like the Anura trike, the Quad frame is made from 7005 aluminium alloy, so it is light and strong with the same 300 lbs rider ... Plus, like the Trike, the Quad can be used to tow an Anura Trike, to form a Quad/Trike tandem, but care must be taken, on the ... The standard Anura Trike has 75% of the weight on the driving wheels, which means superior traction, plus it means the both ...
Another thing I was not happy with was the routing of the front derailleur cable, as if it was not zip tied to the crank extension, it could get caught with the cranks. Thus Ive had the crank extension drilled so it can be routed through the crank extension to keep it out of the way.. The 2nd batch of Magnums which arrived in July saw the change in the rear cassette from the original 9/32 to an 11/34, due to complaints of poor shifting, supply of replacement cassettes, and gaps in the gearing. While I thought the 9/32 was superior, I never the less changed the cassette. However I thought top gear was then to low, so when the previous Shimano 50/39/30 crankset was unavailable, I took the opportunity to rise the top gear by fitting a 52/42/30 Drive Line crankset.. ...
Similar tags: america • amphibian • anura • bufo • closeup • coast • day • daylight • during • european • exteriors • frogs • ...
Anura Rohana. Swings: R , Birthdate: 09/11/1973. Birthplace: , Sri Lanka , Height: 5-11 ...
OLIVEIRA, C.; ZANETONI, C. & ZIERI, R. Morphological observations on the testes of Physalaemus cuvieri (Amphibia, Anura). Rev. ... KEY WORDS: 1. Anura; 2. Leptodactylidae; 3. Physalaemus cuvieri; 4. Testis; 5. Spermatogenesis. INTRODUCTION In the anurans, ... PALABRAS CLAVE: 1. Anura; 2. Leptodactylidae; 3. Physalaemus cuvieri, 4. Testículo; 5. Espermatogénesis. REFERENCES Aoki, A.; ... Taboga, S. R. & Dolder, M. A. H. Análise histológica da espermatogênese de Hyla ranki (Amphibia, Anura, Hylidae). Rev. Bras. ...
Find great deals for Popes and the Tale of Their Names by Anura Guruge (English) Paperback Book Free . Shop with confidence on ... Author Anura Guruge. This book sets out to highlight them all and thereby plug a hitherto little explored aspect of papal ... Popes and the Tale of Their Names by Anura Guruge (English) Paperback Book Free ... Popes and the Tale of Their Names by Anura Guruge (English) Paperback Book Free ...
Anura, Dendrobatidae) by Enrique La Marca; 1 edition; First published in 1994; Subjects: Mannophryne ... Are you sure you want to remove Taxonomy of the frogs of the genus Mannophryne (Amphibia, Anura, Dendrobatidae) from your list? ... Taxonomy of the frogs of the genus Mannophryne (Amphibia, Anura, Dendrobatidae) Enrique La Marca Published 1994 by Asociación ... Taxonomy of the frogs of the genus Mannophryne (Amphibia, Anura, Dendrobatidae) 1 edition ...
Greenspeed Anura Quad at RCC. Posted on October 21, 2011 by Bryan Ball Greenspeed had the Anura Quad on hand it was definitely ... The lower seat height made it very stable and encouraged "very silly things". The Anura Quad costs $2990 and is available now ...
  • 1: Duas espécies novas de Hyla (Anura Hylidae). (scielo.br)
  • Anura, Hylidae). (scielo.br)
  • Prado, Cynthia P. A.. Morphologic and morphometric analysis of testis of Pseudis limellum (Cope, 1862) (Anura, Hylidae) during the reproductive cycle in the Pantanal, Brazil. (unesp.br)
  • Family: Hylidae Hypsiboas heilprini (VU) Osteopilus dominicensis (LC) Osteopilus pulchrilineatus (EN) Osteopilus vastus (EN) Order: Anura. (wikipedia.org)
  • Family: Hylidae Hypsiboas heilprini Osteopilus dominicensis Osteopilus pulchrilineatus Osteopilus vastus Order: Anura. (wikipedia.org)
  • Descrição do girino de Sphaenorhynchus surdus (Cochran, 1953) (Anura, Hylidae)" [Description of the tadpole of Sphaenorhynchus surdus (Cochran, 1953) (Anura, Hylidae)] (PDF). (wikipedia.org)
  • Family: Hylidae Agalychnis callidryas (LC) Agalychnis moreletii (CR) Bromeliohyla bromeliacia (EN) Dendropsophus ebraccatus (LC) Dendropsophus microcephalus (LC) Ecnomiohyla valancifer (CR) Scinax staufferi (LC) Smilisca baudinii (LC) Smilisca cyanosticta (NT) Tlalocohyla loquax (LC) Tlalocohyla picta (LC) Trachycephalus venulosus (LC) Triprion petasatus (LC) Order: Anura. (wikipedia.org)
  • Lyu Z-T, Huang L-S, Wang J, Li Y-Q, Chen H-H, Qi S, Wang Y-Y (2019) Description of two cryptic species of the Amolops ricketti group (Anura, Ranidae) from southeastern China. (pensoft.net)
  • Responding to criticism levelled against the Meteorological Department, Disaster Management Minister Anura Priyadarshana Yapa, in an interview with the Sunday Observer said, the Met Department has been neglected by all previous Governments, adding that what is most important right now is to equip the Department with the latest technology and inject new blood to make it more productive, especially, to cope with natural calamities such as flash floods and landslides. (sundayobserver.lk)
  • Disaster Management Minister Anura Priyadarshana Yapa says, tragedies like Meethotamulla are national catastrophes and as politicians we should never look at it in a narrow political perspective. (sundayobserver.lk)
  • Peromela, Urodela, Anura , are changed to Apoda, Caudata, Ecaudata, for the reason that (unless obviously misleading, which is not the case in the present instance) the first proposed name should supersede all others for higher groups as well as for genera and species, and the latter set have the benefit of the law of priority. (yourdictionary.com)
  • Family: Ambystomatidae Ambystoma altamirani (EN) Ambystoma amblycephalum (CR) Ambystoma andersoni (CR) Ambystoma bombypellum (CR) Ambystoma dumerilii (CR) Ambystoma flavipiperatum (DD) Ambystoma granulosum (CR) Ambystoma leorae (CR) Ambystoma lermaense (CR) Ambystoma mexicanum (CR) Ambystoma ordinarium (EN) Ambystoma rivulare (DD) Ambystoma rosaceum (LC) Ambystoma silvense (DD) Ambystoma taylori (CR) Ambystoma tigrinum (LC) Ambystoma velasci (LC) Order: Caudata. (wikipedia.org)
  • Family: Salamandridae Notophthalmus meridionalis (EN) Order: Caudata. (wikipedia.org)
  • Red-spotted toothed toad species Oreolalax rhodostigmatus (Megophryidae, Anura) is a typical non-obligate cave dweller, which is distributed in the karst mountainous region (altitude 500-2400 m. a. s. l.) of southwestern China [ 14 ]. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Family: Dendrobatidae Allobates talamancae (LC) Dendrobates auratus (LC) Oophaga granulifera (VU) Oophaga pumilio (LC) Phyllobates lugubris (LC) Phyllobates vittatus (EN) Silverstoneia flotator (LC) Silverstoneia nubicola (NT) Order: Anura. (wikipedia.org)
  • Family: Dendrobatidae Allobates talamancae (LC) Ameerega maculata (DD) Andinobates claudiae (DD) Andinobates fulguritus (LC) Andinobates minutus (LC) Colostethus latinasus (DD) Colostethus panamansis (LC) Colostethus pratti (LC) Dendrobates auratus (LC) Oophaga arborea (EN) Oophaga granulifera (VU) Oophaga pumilio (LC) Oophaga speciosa (EN) Oophaga vicentei (DD) Phyllobates lugubris (LC) Silverstoneia flotator (LC) Silverstoneia nubicola (NT) Order: Gymniophiona. (wikipedia.org)
  • Family: Centrolenidae Hyalinobatrachium fleischmanni (LC) Order: Anura. (wikipedia.org)
  • Family: Centrolenidae Cochranella euknemos (LC) Cochranella granulosa (LC) Espadarana prosoblepon (LC) Hyalinobatrachium chirripoi (LC) Hyalinobatrachium colymbiphyllum (LC) Hyalinobatrachium fleischmanni (LC) Hyalinobatrachium talamancae (LC) Hyalinobatrachium valerioi (LC) Hyalinobatrachium vireovittatum (DD) Sachatamia albomaculata (LC) Sachatamia ilex (LC) Teratohyla pulverata (LC) Teratohyla spinosa (LC) Order: Anura. (wikipedia.org)
  • Family: Centrolenidae Cochranella granulosa (LC) Hyalinobatrachium chirripoi (LC) Hyalinobatrachium colymbiphyllum (LC) Hyalinobatrachium fleischmanni (LC) Teratohyla pulverata (LC) Teratohyla spinosa (LC) Order: Anura. (wikipedia.org)
  • Concerning to the histological architecture of the seminiferous elements, to the amphibians and, in a general sense, the germ epithelium may be arranged in seminiferous locules in the Apoda ( Wake, 1969 ) and Anura ( Duellman & Trueb, 1994 ) or in seminiferous ampoules or testicular lobules the Urodela. (scielo.cl)
  • Anura Prabhudesai, already India's number one ranked shuttler in a pool that includes Saina Nehwal and PV Sindhu, is itching to compete on the global stage and win in the company of her more famous country mates. (goanobserver.in)
  • New Delhi, March 28 (IANS) Indian women shuttlers Rasika Raje, Pardeshi Shreyanshi, Sai Uttejitha and Anura Prabhudesai qualified for the India Open Superseries, while the Indian mixed doubles pair of Ashwini Ponnappa and B. Sumeeth Reddy lost in the qualification round here on Tuesday. (sportzwiki.com)