Antrodia: A genus of brown-rot fungi in the family Coriolaceae. The biologically active ingredients of its species have potential pharmaceutical value.Polyporales: An order of fungi in the phylum BASIDIOMYCOTA having macroscopic basidiocarps. The members are characterized by their saprophytic activities as decomposers, particularly in the degradation of CELLULOSE and LIGNIN. A large number of species in the order have been used medicinally. (From Alexopoulos, Introductory Mycology, 4th ed, pp504-68)Fruiting Bodies, Fungal: The fruiting 'heads' or 'caps' of FUNGI, which as a food item are familiarly known as MUSHROOMS, that contain the FUNGAL SPORES.Plant Structures: The parts of plants, including SEEDS.Amygdalin: A cyanogenic glycoside found in the seeds of Rosaceae.Maleic Anhydrides: Used in copolymerization reactions, in the Diels-Alder(diene)synthesis, in the preparation of resins, pharmaceuticals and agricultural chemicals. It is a powerful irritant and causes burns.Lignans: A class of dibenzylbutane derivatives which occurs in higher plants and in fluids (bile, serum, urine, etc.) in man and other animals. These compounds, which have a potential anti-cancer role, can be synthesized in vitro by human fecal flora. (From Singleton & Sainsbury, Dictionary of Microbiology and Molecular Biology, 2d ed)Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic: A chronic, relapsing, inflammatory, and often febrile multisystemic disorder of connective tissue, characterized principally by involvement of the skin, joints, kidneys, and serosal membranes. It is of unknown etiology, but is thought to represent a failure of the regulatory mechanisms of the autoimmune system. The disease is marked by a wide range of system dysfunctions, an elevated erythrocyte sedimentation rate, and the formation of LE cells in the blood or bone marrow.Access to Information: Individual's rights to obtain and use information collected or generated by others.Journal Impact Factor: A quantitative measure of the frequency on average with which articles in a journal have been cited in a given period of time.Cinnamomum: A plant genus in the LAURACEAE family. The bark of the trees is used in FOLK MEDICINE and FLAVORING AGENTS.Cinnamomum aromaticum: A plant species of the genus CINNAMOMUM that contains CINNAMATES and has been used in traditional Chinese medicine (DRUGS, CHINESE HERBAL).Cinnamomum zeylanicum: The tree which is known for its bark which is sold as cinnamon. The oil contains about 65-80% cinnamaldehyde and 10% EUGENOL and many TERPENES.Cinnamomum camphora: A tree, Cinnamomum camphora (L.) J. Presl, known as the source of CAMPHOR.Anti-Inflammatory Agents: Substances that reduce or suppress INFLAMMATION.PolysaccharidesEncyclopedias as Topic: Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Basidiomycota: A phylum of fungi that produce their sexual spores (basidiospores) on the outside of the basidium. It includes forms commonly known as mushrooms, boletes, puffballs, earthstars, stinkhorns, bird's-nest fungi, jelly fungi, bracket or shelf fungi, and rust and smut fungi.Patents as Topic: Exclusive legal rights or privileges applied to inventions, plants, etc.Inventions: A novel composition, device, or process, independently conceived de novo or derived from a pre-existing model.Biotechnology: Body of knowledge related to the use of organisms, cells or cell-derived constituents for the purpose of developing products which are technically, scientifically and clinically useful. Alteration of biologic function at the molecular level (i.e., GENETIC ENGINEERING) is a central focus; laboratory methods used include TRANSFECTION and CLONING technologies, sequence and structure analysis algorithms, computer databases, and gene and protein structure function analysis and prediction.Fruit: The fleshy or dry ripened ovary of a plant, enclosing the seed or seeds.Mycelium: The body of a fungus which is made up of HYPHAE.Fraud: Exploitation through misrepresentation of the facts or concealment of the purposes of the exploiter.Medicare Assignment: Concept referring to the standardized fees for services rendered by health care providers, e.g., laboratories and physicians, and reimbursement for those services under Medicare Part B. It includes acceptance by the physician.Insurance, Health, Reimbursement: Payment by a third-party payer in a sum equal to the amount expended by a health care provider or facility for health services rendered to an insured or program beneficiary. (From Facts on File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988)Competitive Bidding: Pricing statements presented by more than one party for the purpose of securing a contract.Streptomyces: A genus of bacteria that form a nonfragmented aerial mycelium. Many species have been identified with some being pathogenic. This genus is responsible for producing a majority of the ANTI-BACTERIAL AGENTS of practical value.Wood: A product of hard secondary xylem composed of CELLULOSE, hemicellulose, and LIGNANS, that is under the bark of trees and shrubs. It is used in construction and as a source of CHARCOAL and many other products.Coriolaceae: A family of fungi, order POLYPORALES, found on decaying wood.Polyporaceae: A family of bracket fungi, order POLYPORALES, living in decaying plant matter and timber.Fever of Unknown Origin: Fever in which the etiology cannot be ascertained.Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action: Pharmacological activities at the molecular level of DRUGS and other exogenous compounds that are used to treat DISEASES and affect normal BIOCHEMISTRY.Angiotensin Amide: The octapeptide amide of bovine angiotensin II used to increase blood pressure by vasoconstriction.Click Chemistry: Organic chemistry methodology that mimics the modular nature of various biosynthetic processes. It uses highly reliable and selective reactions designed to "click" i.e., rapidly join small modular units together in high yield, without offensive byproducts. In combination with COMBINATORIAL CHEMISTRY TECHNIQUES, it is used for the synthesis of new compounds and combinatorial libraries.Sesquiterpenes, Eudesmane: SESQUITERPENES cyclized into two adjoining cyclohexane rings but with a different configuration from the ARTEMISININS.Gymnema sylvestre: A plant species of the genus GYMNEMA that contains gymnemic acid (triterpene SAPONINS) which affects blood sugar level, and gurmarin protein. The common name of Gurmar should not be confused with Guar (CYAMOPSIS).Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Drugs, Chinese Herbal: Chinese herbal or plant extracts which are used as drugs to treat diseases or promote general well-being. The concept does not include synthesized compounds manufactured in China.Milk Thistle: The plant Silybum marianum in the family ASTERACEAE containing the bioflavonoid complex SILYMARIN. For centuries this has been used traditionally to treat liver disease. Silybum marianum (L.) Gaertn. = Carduus marianus L.Hepatitis C: INFLAMMATION of the LIVER in humans caused by HEPATITIS C VIRUS, a single-stranded RNA virus. Its incubation period is 30-90 days. Hepatitis C is transmitted primarily by contaminated blood parenterally, and is often associated with transfusion and intravenous drug abuse. However, in a significant number of cases, the source of hepatitis C infection is unknown.Eicosapentaenoic Acid: Important polyunsaturated fatty acid found in fish oils. It serves as the precursor for the prostaglandin-3 and thromboxane-3 families. A diet rich in eicosapentaenoic acid lowers serum lipid concentration, reduces incidence of cardiovascular disorders, prevents platelet aggregation, and inhibits arachidonic acid conversion into the thromboxane-2 and prostaglandin-2 families.Hepatitis C, Chronic: INFLAMMATION of the LIVER in humans that is caused by HEPATITIS C VIRUS lasting six months or more. Chronic hepatitis C can lead to LIVER CIRRHOSIS.Hepacivirus: A genus of FLAVIVIRIDAE causing parenterally-transmitted HEPATITIS C which is associated with transfusions and drug abuse. Hepatitis C virus is the type species.Hepatitis B: INFLAMMATION of the LIVER in humans caused by a member of the ORTHOHEPADNAVIRUS genus, HEPATITIS B VIRUS. It is primarily transmitted by parenteral exposure, such as transfusion of contaminated blood or blood products, but can also be transmitted via sexual or intimate personal contact.Silymarin: A mixture of flavonoids extracted from seeds of the MILK THISTLE, Silybum marianum. It consists primarily of silybin and its isomers, silicristin and silidianin. Silymarin displays antioxidant and membrane stabilizing activity. It protects various tissues and organs against chemical injury, and shows potential as an antihepatoxic agent.Cisplatin: An inorganic and water-soluble platinum complex. After undergoing hydrolysis, it reacts with DNA to produce both intra and interstrand crosslinks. These crosslinks appear to impair replication and transcription of DNA. The cytotoxicity of cisplatin correlates with cellular arrest in the G2 phase of the cell cycle.Biological Products: Complex pharmaceutical substances, preparations, or matter derived from organisms usually obtained by biological methods or assay.Health Resources: Available manpower, facilities, revenue, equipment, and supplies to produce requisite health care and services.United States Health Resources and Services Administration: A component of the PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE that provides leadership related to the delivery of health services and the requirements for and distribution of health resources, including manpower training.Materia Medica: Materials or substances used in the composition of traditional medical remedies. The use of this term in MeSH was formerly restricted to historical articles or those concerned with traditional medicine, but it can also refer to homeopathic remedies. Nosodes are specific types of homeopathic remedies prepared from causal agents or disease products.Naturopathy: A drugless system of therapy, making use of physical forces such as air, light, water, heat, massage. Treatments are often diet- and nutrition-oriented with attention given to the patient's personal history and lifestyle. (From Cassileth, Alternative Medicine Handbook, 1998, p329)

Cloning and heterologous expression of a novel ligninolytic peroxidase gene from poroid brown-rot fungus Antrodia cinnamomea. (1/7)

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A novel inhibitory effect of Antrodia camphorata extract on vascular smooth muscle cell migration and neointima formation in mice. (2/7)

Antrodia camphorata (AC) is a well-known traditional Chinese medicine that has been shown to inhibit proliferation and migration of cancer cells. We examined whether AC could inhibit rat aortic smooth muscle cell (RASMC) proliferation and migration and evaluated its effect on neointima formation in mouse carotid artery after injury. In Transwell migration assay and wound scratch assay, RASMCs were treated with AC or saline, and the number of migrated cells was counted or the distance was determined. Both assays showed that AC significantly inhibited platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-induced SMC migration. In 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2, 5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) and 5-bromo-2' deoxyuridine (BrdU) proliferation assays, RASMCs were pretreated with AC or saline and stimulated with PDGF. Both assays showed that AC inhibited PDGF-induced SMC proliferation. The left common carotid arteries of C57BL/6 mice were ligated near the carotid bifurcation. The mice were given water or AC for 4 weeks. The severity of neointima formation was expressed as the neointima/media (N/M) ratio. The AC-treated mice had less neointima formation at 4 weeks after carotid ligation (N/M ratio, water versus 250 versus 1250 mg/kg AC; 1.33 +/- 0.87 versus 0.83 +/- 0.45 versus 0.63 +/- 0.32, P < 0.05).Our data indicate that AC is an effective inhibitor of PDGF-induced RASMC proliferation and migration. AC treatment reduced neointima formation in this mouse carotid ligation model.  (+info)

Preferential blockade of dioxin-induced activation of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor by Antrodia camphorata. (3/7)

Halogenated and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons are widely distributed pollutants in environments. These toxic substances activate the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) and thereby cause a broad spectrum of pathological changes. Development of AhR inhibitors will be useful for prevention of diseases caused by AhR activation. Using the dioxin responsive element (DRE)-based sensing via secreted alkaline phosphatase (DRESSA), we examined effects of Antrodia camphorata, a mycerial extract, on the activation of AhR by halogenated and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. We found that Antrodia camphorata markedly suppressed activation of AhR triggered by 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD). In contrast, activation of AhR by polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (benzo[a]pyrene and 3-methylcholanthrene) was inhibited only modestly by this mycelium. Similarly, Antrodia camphorata only mildly attenuated activation of AhR by cigarette smoke that contains polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. Consistent with these results, Northern blot analysis revealed that DRE-driven exogenous and endogenous gene expression triggered by TCDD was abolished by Antrodia camphorata, whereas it did not substantially affect DRE-induced transcription triggered by benzo[a]pyrene, 3-methylcholanthrene or cigarette smoke. We also found that the inhibitory effect of Antrodia camphorata on TCDD-induced AhR activation was ascribed to neither down-regulation of AhR, down-regulation of the AhR nuclear translocator, nor up-regulation of the AhR repressor. These results suggest that Antrodia camphorata preferentially inhibits AhR activation and DRE-dependent gene expression triggered by dioxin.  (+info)

Administration of polysaccharides from Antrodia camphorata modulates dendritic cell function and alleviates allergen-induced T helper type 2 responses in a mouse model of asthma. (4/7)

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Macrophage mediated anti-proliferation effects of Anthodia camphorata non-polysaccharide based extracts on human hepatoma cells. (5/7)

It has been reported that medicinal mushrooms might induce different types of immune responses. Anthodia camphorata (A. camphorata) has attracted much attention for its therapeutic effects in treating hepatoma. We tested this anti-tumor effects using immunomodulation of macrophages and extracts of A. camphorata. We evaluated the anti-proliferation effects of various extracts of A. camphorata from fruiting bodies (AC-FB), mycelium of solid-state cultures (AC-SS), liquid-state cultures (AC-LS) and polyaccharide extracts from liquid-state cultures (AC-PS), and extracts of A. camphorata stimulated RAW 264.7 macrophage cell-conditioned mediums (MC-CMs). We measured cell proliferation and, did migration assays by cell cycle analysis and by observing apoptosis-related proteins (AKT, PARP-1, and NF-kappaB) and the mRNA expression of cytokines (TNF-alpha and IL-1beta) of macrophages in human hepatoma cell lines. Our results revealed that two of the extracts (AC-FB and AC-SS) had better anti-proliferation effects, implying an immunomodulatory role the macrophages might play. This outcome is consistent with findings that AC-FB and AC-SS increase mRNA expression of TNF-alpha and the corresponding expression of apoptosis-related proteins on activation of MC-CMs, while A. camphorata polysaccharides induce macrophage-derived anti-tumor activities in human hepatoma cells via IL-1beta and Akt activation. These results indicate that anti-tumor effects exerted by modulation of macrophage activation of A. camphorate may be influenced by the other constituents which (contained little or no polysaccharide) of A. camphorata.  (+info)

Isolation and synthesis of a bioactive benzenoid derivative from the fruiting bodies of Antrodia camphorata. (6/7)

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Physicochemical characteristics and anti-inflammatory activities of antrodan, a novel glycoprotein isolated from Antrodia cinnamomea mycelia. (7/7)

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CiteSeerX - Document Details (Isaac Councill, Lee Giles, Pradeep Teregowda): Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Antrodia camphorata is a unique mushroom of Taiwan, which has been used as a traditional medicine for protection of diverse health-related conditions. In an effort to translate this Eastern medicine into Western-accepted therapy, a great deal of work has been carried out on A. camphorata. This review discusses the biological activities of the crude extracts and the main bioactive compounds of A. camphorata. The list of bioactivities of crude extracts is huge, ranging from anti-cancer to vasorelaxation and others. Over 78 compounds consisting of terpenoids, benzenoids, lignans, benzoquinone derivatives, succinic and maleic derivatives, in addition to polysaccharides have been identified. Many of these compounds were evaluated for biological activity. Many activities of crude extracts
Antrodia serialis[21] maoy kaliwatan sa uhong kay sakop sa division nga Basidiomycota, ug nga una nga gihulagway ni Fr., ug nga gihatagan sa eksakto nga ngalan ni Marinus Anton Donk ni adtong 1966. Ang Antrodia serialis kay sakop sa henero nga Antrodia, ug pamilya nga Fomitopsidaceae.[22][23] Walay nalista nga matang nga sama niini.[22]. ...
0034]The present invention transfers the mycelia of Antrodia camphorata that is incubated in a solid cultivation medium, such as malt extract agar (MEA), yeast extract agar (YEA), and potato dextrose agar (PDA), into a fermentation medium containing a carbon-source and nitrogen-source-included formula and having a proper pH value (oatmeal cultivation medium being used in the instant embodiment) for multiplication (such as by using the techniques that have been previously developed by the present inventor, see U.S. Pat. No. 6,558,943 B1). The oatmeal fungus strain that fully carries Antrodia camphorata mycelia or alternatively, Antrodia camphorata juice formed by uniformly pulverizing the oatmeal fungus, is directly injection into or positioned on wetted coffee beans that are contained in a container subjected to sterilization in a high temperature of 120° C. for 60 minutes. Temperature is controlled at 15-30° C. for about 15 to 60 days when the mycelia get luxuriant; and the coffee beans that ...
0043] Said real time-PCR detects the PCR products by DNA binding SYBR Green. The thermal cycles are: 95° C., 5 min, 1 min for 40 cycles at 95° C., 45 s for 55° C., and 30 s for 72° C. The sequence of primers is: iNOS forward 5-TCC TAC ACC ACA CCA AAC-3; iNOS reverse 5-CTC CAA TCT CTG CCT ATC C-3; COX-2 forward 5-CCT CTG CGA TGC TCT TCC-3, COX-2 reverse 5-TCA CAC TTA TAC TGG TCA AAT CC-3, G3PDH forward 5-TCA ACG GCA CAG TCA AGG-3; G3PDH reverse 5-ACT CCA CGA CAT ACT CAG C-3. G3PDH are housekeeping genes which are genes with stable and large number of expression in cells and are used to standardize the expression of iNOS and COX-2 in the experiment ...
JES UNI BIOTECH CO., LTD. AntroCina, Antrodia Cinnamomea, Living,Soho,Dining,Leisure,Lighting,Sofa,Shelves,Tables,TV stand,Stool,Hanger,Screen,Storage,Chair,Wagon,Desk,JL-1137 樟芝精鑽眼霜 AC FACTOR EYE GEL1137 樟芝精鑽眼霜 AC FACTOR EYE GEL Aqua(water), Antrodia cinnamomea Extract, Ethylhexyl Stearate Hydrogenated Polyisobutene, Cetyl Ethylhexanoate, Glycerin, Phenoxyethanol Polyquaternium-51, Phospholipids, Retinyl Palmitate, Tocopheryl Acetate Propylene Glycol, Triethanolamine, Phytonadione, Sodium Hyaluronate Xanthan Gum, Algae Extract, Iron Oxides/Titanium Dioxide/Mica Chondrus Crispus(Carrageenan), Carbomer, Mannitol, Hydroxyethylcellulose Corallina Officinalis Extract, PEG-7 Glyceryl Cocoate, Glyceryl Acrylate/Acrylic Acid Copolymer, PVM/MA Copolymer, Ceramide 3
Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine (eCAM) is an international peer-reviewed, Open Access journal that seeks to understand the sources and to encourage rigorous research in this new, yet ancient world of complementary and alternative medicine.
Antrodia cinnamomea (AC) is a unique fungus found inhabiting the rotten wood of Cinnamomum kanehirai. A submerged liquid culture of AC has been developed and its bioproducts have been used to meet the market demand for natural fruiting bodies. AC exhibits anti-inflammatory, antitumor, antioxidant, and immunomodulatory effects. Previously, we isolated polysaccharide AC-2 from AC mycelia by means of alkali extraction with subsequent acid precipitation and found it had a pronounced anti-inflammatory effect. In this study, a novel polysaccharide named
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Osmunda cinnamomea is a FERN growing to 0.6 m (2ft) by 0.4 m (1ft 4in) at a medium rate. It is hardy to zone (UK) 3. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils and can grow in very acid soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist or wet soil.
2012 Wei PL,Tu SH,Lien HM,Chen LC,Chen CS,Wu CH, Huang CS, Chang HW, Chang CH, Tseng H, Ho YS. The in vivo antitumor effects on human COLO 205 cancer cells of the 4,7-dimethoxy-5-(2-propen-1-yl)-1,3-benzodioxole (apiole) derivative of 5-substituted 4,7-dimethoxy-5-methyl-l,3-benzodioxole (SY-1) isolated from the fruiting body of Antrodia camphorate . J Cancer Res Ther .2012 ;(8):532-536 ...
In 1933 I had found a curious sport on Margaret McGredy. The foliage strongly resembled Rugosa but the plant characteristics also leaned toward R. cinnamomea. I mentioned this fact to Sam III [McGredy] when I visited him in 1934. Sam could not account for the sport. He had never used species in his breeding. His brother-in-law, Walter I. Johnston, spoke up, "Your father did much more work with species." We adjourned to the office, where complete hybridizing records from the early days of the firm are kept, one volume for each year, a valuable library. After several hours of research we traced the origin of Margaret McGredy to crosses of Rugosa and Cinnamomea. They were, of course, many generations back. But as these two species are in the blood stream of Margaret McGredy and all modern McGredy roses, the possibility of the sport was explained. It is an accepted fact that hybrids alone sport (pure species mutate, but rarely, if ever, sport) and can sport only within what is in them.* Lately, the ...
Gamma-tocotrienol has been reported to exhibit a protective effect on hepatocarcinogenesis through the enhancement of immune response and anti-prolife..
MGC-803 cells were cultured in different concentrations of serum containing WEI KANG NING. The inhibitory ratio of the cells was measured by MTT assay. Apoptosis was observed by Hoechst 33258 fluorescence staining ...
At a wooded wetland glade on the way to the site, we encountered dense stands of cinnamon fern (Osmunda cinnamomea), false yellow fox-glove (Aureolaria sp.) and yellow-fringed orchid (Platanthera sp ...
The cinnamon-brown fruiting stalks give this fern its name. One of the largest and most dramatic of our native ferns, Osmunda cinnamomea looks best when placed in the back of the woodland garden. Unlike some large ferns, Cinnamon Fern does not spread rapidly by rhizomes. Prefers moist, neutral to acid soil, in sun or shade.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Comparative anti-inflammatory characterization of wild fruiting body, liquid-state fermentation, and solid-state culture of Taiwanofungus camphoratus in microglia and the mechanism of its action. AU - Liu, Der Zen. AU - Liang, Hong Jen. AU - Chen, Chien Ho. AU - Su, Ching Hua. AU - Li, Zong-Huei. AU - Huang, Chun Ting. AU - Hou, Wen Chi. AU - Lin, Shyr Yi. AU - Zhong, Wen-Bin. AU - Lin, Pei Jung. AU - Hung, Ling Fang. AU - Liang, Yu Chih. PY - 2007/8/15. Y1 - 2007/8/15. N2 - Taiwanofungus camphoratus (syn. Antrodia camphorata), a medicinal mushroom in Taiwan, is reputed to provide several therapeutic benefits, but the wild fruiting body is very rare. In this study, we used Taiwanofungus camphoratus extracts from wild fruiting bodies and two types of artificial cultivation (solid-state culture and liquid-state fermentation) to examine their anti-inflammatory effects in microglia cells and their possible roles in protection against neurodegenerative diseases. First, EOC13.31 ...
Traditionally, this plant has been classified as Osmunda cinnamomea L. However, recent genetic and morphological evidence (Metzgar et al. 2008; Jud et al. 2008) clearly demonstrate that the cinnamon fern is a sister species to the entire rest of the living Osmundaceae. Cladistically, it is either necessary then to include all species of the Osmundaceae, including Todea and Leptopteris in the genus Osmunda, or else it is necessary to segregate the genus Osmundastrum. O. cinnamomeum is the sole living species in the genus,[1] although it is possible that some additional fossils should be assigned to Osmundastrum.[2]. Formerly, some authors included the interrupted fern, Osmunda claytoniana, in the genus or section Osmundastrum, because of its gross apparent morphological similarities. However, detailed morphology and genetic analysis have proven that the interrupted fern is actually a true Osmunda. This is borne out by the fact that it is known to hybridize with the American royal fern, Osmunda ...
The two types of brown-rot fungi used by Ray et al are the Coniophora puteana and Postia placenta varieties, and their research showed that a 3 to 4 week treatment of the biomass (sapwood from pine trees in this case) "significant;y enhances the release of sugars (the actual fuel source) by cellulose enzymes." *. Control experiments conducted to achieve similar, bioconversion results with other fungi proved far less successful. This research seems to be a successful proof of principle that brown rot may be the key to efficient biomass processing that researchers have been searching for over the past few decades.. That said, while biomass/bioenergy is an attractive alternative to burning (and extracting) fossil fuels, all such feedstocks release CO2 when burned. Different biomass feedstocks generate more or less carbon, but some sources of biomass are unsustainable, such as corn grown for ethanol fuel. Further, the (non-industrial) burning of biomass in the developing world-especially woody ...
Price $281.15 If you are looking for cockpit instruments that feature cutting edge technology yet are intuitively simple to operate, look no further.
Adesogan, A. T. 2005. Improving forage quality and animal performance with fibrolytic enzymes. In Proc. 16th Annual Florida Ruminant Nutrition Symposium, Gainesville, Florida. pp 91-109. Ahirwar, S., H. Soni, H. K. Rawat, M. A. Ganaie, K. Pranaw, and N. Kango. 2016. Production optimization and functional characterization of thermostable ß-mannanase from Malbranchea cinnamomea NFCCI 3724 and its applicability in mannotetraose (M4) generation. J. Taiwan Inst. Chem. Eng. 63: 344-353.. Aufrère, J., D. Boulberhane, D. Graviou, and C. Demarquilly. 1994. Comparison of in situ degradation of cell-wall constituents, nitrogen and nitrogen linked to cell walls for fresh lucerne and 2 lucerne silages. Ann. Zootech. 43:125-134. Ausubel, F. M. 2005. Are innate immune signaling pathways in plants and animals conserved? Nature immunology 6 (10):973-979.. Azevedo, M. L. C. B., T. Tewoldebrhan, R. Appuhamy, G. C. Reyes, K. J. Bolek, S. Seo, J. J. Lee, and E. Kebreab. 2016. 1398 Supplementation of ß-mannanese ...
Estrogen receptor negative (ER(−)) breast cancer is aggressive, responds poorly to current treatments and has a poor prognosis. The NF-κB signaling pathway is implicated in ER(−) tumorigenesis. Aspirin (ASA) is chemopreventive against ER(+) but not for ER(−) breast cancers. Nitric oxide-releasing aspirin (NO-ASA) is a safer ASA where ASA is linked to an NO-releasing moiety through a spacer. In vitro, we investigated anti-proliferation effects of NO-ASA (para- and meta-isomers) against ER(−) breast cancer cells MDA-MB-231 and SK-BR-23, effects on NF-κB signaling, and reactive oxygen species by standard techniques. In vivo, effects of NO-ASA were evaluated in a mouse xenograft model using MDA-MB-231 cells. p-NO-ASA inhibited the growth of MDA-MB-231 and SK-BR-3 cells at 24 h, the respective IC50s were 13 ± 2 and 17 ± 2 μM; ASA had an IC50 of |3000 μM in both cell lines. The IC50s for m-NO-ASA in MDA-MB-231 and SK-BR-3 were 173 ± 15 and 185 ± 12 μM, respectively, therefore, implying p-NO
Last week (September 27, 2000), the Methamphetamine and Club Drug Anti-Proliferation Act was incorporated into the Childrens Health Act of 2000 (H.R. 4365), and passed by both the House and Senate. The Childrens Health Act of 2000 has been delivered to President Clinton for his signature. He is expected to sign it, perhaps as early as October 4.. A legislative analysis by Richard Glen Boire, J.D., of the Center for Cognitive Liberty & Ethics, showed that the information ban was unconstitutional, and that banning "harm-reduction" and other accurate information about Ecstasy would irresponsibly endanger users, including thousands of young adults. This analysis also revealed that equating Ecstasy with methamphetamine for sentencing purposes would unintentionally set up an incentive for dealers to sell bogus and adulterated Ecstasy. Mr. Boires analysis pointed out that such a policy would significantly increase rather than decrease the individual and social harms associated with Ecstasy use. (See ...
The relationship between the production of extracellular H2O2, hydrogen peroxide-producing enzymes and ligninolytic peroxidase was examined during solid-state cultivation ofPanus tigrinus on wheat straw. Glyoxal oxidase, Mn2+-dependent peroxidase and glucose oxidase, capable of H2O2 generation, were found in the extracellular enzyme preparation. The production of H2O2 has two maxima: the maximal production correlates well with the maximal activities of glyoxal oxidase and Mn2+-dependent peroxidase, while another, lower peak of H2O2 generation is related to the second peak of Mn2+-dependent peroxidase activity. The contribution of glucose oxidase to the production of hydrogen peroxide is probably only marginal. Comparison of the dynamics of these extracellular activities and the ligninolytic peroxidase showed good temporal correlation indicating an interrelation of the two processes.
Estrogen receptor negative (ER(−)) breast cancer is aggressive, responds poorly to current treatments and has a poor prognosis. The NF-κB signaling pathway is implicated in ER(−) tumorigenesis. Aspirin (ASA) is chemopreventive against ER(+) but not for ER(−) breast cancers. Nitric oxide-releasing aspirin (NO-ASA) is a safer ASA where ASA is linked to an NO-releasing moiety through a spacer. In vitro, we investigated anti-proliferation effects of NO-ASA (para- and meta-isomers) against ER(−) breast cancer cells MDA-MB-231 and SK-BR-23, effects on NF-κB signaling, and reactive oxygen species by standard techniques. In vivo, effects of NO-ASA were evaluated in a mouse xenograft model using MDA-MB-231 cells. p-NO-ASA inhibited the growth of MDA-MB-231 and SK-BR-3 cells at 24 h, the respective IC50s were 13 ± 2 and 17 ± 2 μM; ASA had an IC50 of |3000 μM in both cell lines. The IC50s for m-NO-ASA in MDA-MB-231 and SK-BR-3 were 173 ± 15 and 185 ± 12 μM, respectively, therefore, implying p-NO
HDAC inhibitors are a promising class of anticancer agents (Bolden et al., 2006; Johnstone and Licht, 2003; Yoshida et al., 2003). However, our understanding of how HDAC inhibitors act within cells and why different cell types respond in different ways is limited. We employed the fission yeast S. pombe as a model, because this organism is sensitive to HDAC inhibitors and contains a set of HDAC genes similar to those of mammalian organisms. In the present study, we focused on the mitotic functions of three TSA-sensitive HDACs in fission yeast. Our results suggest that Clr6 negatively regulates APC/C independently of the PKA pathway and Mad2. By contrast, Mis4, the cohesin loader, is positively controlled by HDACs. HDAC inhibitors thus reduce the level of Mis4 and facilitate the exit from mitosis via the assembly of APC/C complex, leading to the direction of sister chromatid separation in dividing cells (Fig. 7D).. Given the known anti-proliferation effects of HDAC inhibitors on tumour cells, our ...
Fungi produce heme-containing peroxidases and peroxygenases, flavin-containing oxidases and dehydrogenases, and different copper-containing oxidoreductases involved in the biodegradation of lignin and other recalcitrant compounds. Heme peroxidases comprise the classical ligninolytic peroxidases and the new dye-decolorizing peroxidases, while heme peroxygenases belong to a still largely unexplored superfamily of heme-thiolate proteins. Nevertheless, basidiomycete unspecific peroxygenases have the highest biotechnological interest due to their ability to catalyze a variety of regio- and stereo-selective monooxygenation reactions with H2O2 as the source of oxygen and final electron acceptor. Flavo-oxidases are involved in both lignin and cellulose decay generating H2O2 that activates peroxidases and generates hydroxyl radical. The group of copper oxidoreductases also includes other H2O2 generating enzymes - copper-radical oxidases - together with classical laccases that are the oxidoreductases with ...
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A report issued on June 28, 2000, by the Center for Cognitive Liberty & Ethics, finds that provisions in the Ecstasy Anti-Proliferation Act of 2000 (S.2612) will endanger adolescents and others who use MDMA (Ecstasy), and will violate the free speech rights of a broad range of writers, scholars, reporters, and activists, whose work departs from the government s just say no national drug policy. ,, Read More. June 6, 2000 ...
The origin of lignin biodegradation occurred in the late Carboniferous, 300 million years ago, with the appearance of the first ligninolytic peroxidase in the common ancestor of Agaricomycetes. These enzymes would have provided to the first ligninolytic fungi the ability to attack the lignocellulosic biomass of vascular plants, enabling carbon recycling in land ecosystems.. In a recent article published in Biotechnol Biofuels, the group led by Angel Martínez from CIB, with participation of Iván Ayuso-Fernández and Francisco Javier Ruiz-Dueñas, has recreated the subsequent evolution of ligninolytic peroxidases in Polyporales, a basidiomycete order that appeared near 150 million years ago and where most extant wood-rotting fungi are included. To this end, the main intermediates forming the evolutionary pathway that led to the most efficient ligninolytic peroxidases currently existing in nature have been reconstructed and resurrected. The structural-functional study of these ancestral ...
Epingaione (4-Methyl-1-(5-methyl-2,3,4,5-tetrahydro-[2,3]bifuranyl-5-yl)-pentan-2-one) was isolated as one of the major lipophilic secondary metabolites from the leaves and stems of Bontia daphnoides L. The compound gave 79.24% and 50.83% anti-proliferation/cytotoxic activity on the human SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma and TE-671 sarcoma cells in vitro at 50 μg/mL, respectively. Epingaione was transformed into eleven derivatives under laboratory conditions using ethanol, some gave greater anti-proliferation/cytotoxic activity on the cancer cell lines tested. ...
Poroid neoplasms (PN)在傳統的分類上包含四種良性的汗腺瘤:單純汗腺瘤 (hidracanthoma simplex, HS)、汗腺汗孔瘤 (eccrine poroma, EP)、真皮汗管瘤 (dermal duct tumor, DDT)、汗孔樣汗腺瘤 (poroid hidradenoma, PH)。此些中文譯名容易相互混淆,在本文中將使用英文簡稱或直接以英文代替以利閱讀。 HS 完全局限於表皮內(Fig. 1),而DDT及PH (Fig. 2)則完全局限於真皮層裡;至於EP(Fig. 3)則介於兩者之間;在一 ..................More ...
The poroid family of neoplasms includes hidroacanthoma simplex, eccrine poroma, dermal duct tumor, and poroid hidradenoma. These benign adnexal neoplasms are derived from the eccrine or apocrine sweat ducts or glands. Poroid neoplasms, including poro
Antrodia (Fibroporia) vaillantii. ...
Kim, S.Y.; Park, S.Y.; Ko, K.S.; Jung, H.S. (2003). "Phylogenetic analysis of Antrodia and related taxa based on partial ... doi:10.1007/s11557-010-0732-z. Cui, B.K. (2013). "Antrodia tropica sp. nov. from southern China inferred from morphological ... Spirin, V.; Miettinen, O.; Pennanen, J.; Kotiranta, H.; Niemelä, T. (2013). "Antrodia hyalina, a new polypore from Russia, and ... The genus contains species similar to those in genus Antrodia, but they are phylogenetically distinct. The genus was ...
... is a steroid isolated from the mushroom Antrodia camphorata. Cherng, I-Hwa; Chiang, Hung-Cheh; Cheng, Ming-Chu; Wang, ... Yu (1995). "Three New Triterpenoids from Antrodia cinnamomea". Journal of Natural Products. 58 (3): 365. doi:10.1021/ ...
... is an anti-inflammatory isolated from Antrodia camphorata. Chen, JJ; Lin, WJ; Liao, CH; Shieh, PC (2007). " ... "Anti-inflammatory benzenoids from Antrodia camphorata". Journal of Natural Products. 70 (6): 989-92. doi:10.1021/np070045e. ...
Antrodia cinnamomea Patent: Anti-fatigue cyclohexenone compounds from Antrodia camphorata Ao ZH, Xu ZH, Lu ZM, Xu HY, Zhang XM ... Synonyms include Antrodia camphorata and Ganoderma camphoratum. The fungus is well-known and highly valued as a medicinal ... CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link) Liu, YW; Lu, KH; Ho, CT; Sheen, LY (2012). "Protective effects of Antrodia ... Hseu YC, Chen SC, Chen HC, Liao JW, Yang HL; Chen; Chen; Liao; Yang (August 2008). "Antrodia camphorata inhibits proliferation ...
Regional extinctions can happen relatively quickly and have been documented (for instance Antrodia crassa in North Europe). ... ISBN 978-952-5980-07-3. Junninen K (2009) Conservation of Antrodia crassa. Metsähallituksen luonnonsuojelujulkaisuja, sarja A ...
It is now classified in the genus Antrodia (family Fomitopsidaceae) as Antrodia calceus. Some authors have preferred to treat ... Antrodia pinea (B.K.Cui & Y.C.Dai) V.Spirin (2015) Amyloporia sitchensis (D.V.Baxter) Vampola & Pouzar (1993) = Antrodia ... Antrodia carbonica (Overh.) Ryvarden & Gilb. 1984) Amyloporia crassa (P.Karst.) Bondartsev & Singer (1941) = Antrodia crassa (P ... Antrodia alpina (Litsch.) Gilb. & Ryvarden (1985) Amyloporia calcea (Fr.) Bondartsev & Singer (1944) = Antrodia calceus (Fr.) ...
Other genera that join Fomitopsis in the core antrodia group include Amyloporia, Antrodia, Daedalea, Melanoporia, Piptoporus, ... Ortiz-Santana, B.; Lindner, D.L.; Miettinen, O.; Justo, A.; Hibbett, D.S. (2013). "A phylogenetic overview of the antrodia ... Molecular analysis indicates that Fomitopsis belongs to the antrodia clade, which contains about 70 percent of brown-rot fungi ...
2014). "Ethynylbenzenoid metabolites of Antrodia camphorata: synthesis and inhibition of TNF expression". Org Biomol Chem. 12 ( ... February 2014). "Ethynylbenzenoid metabolites of Antrodia camphorata: synthesis and inhibition of TNF expression". Org. Biomol ...
He suggested that Antrodia was closely related based on morphological similarities. The Brazilian species Tinctoporellus ...
... resembles fungi placed in the genus Antrodia, but can be distinguished by its waxy to resinous fruit bodies, and ... Additionally, Cerarioporia causes a white rot, while Antrodia are brown-rot fungi. Cerarioporia is a member of the "core ...
It is known to be biochemically produced by the Antrodia camphorata fungus. 3-Methyl-3-octanol is a chiral compound, with each ...
T. salmoneus, originally placed in Antrodia, was validly added to the genus in 2012. Wu, Sheng-Hua; Yu, Zhi-He; Dai, Yu-Cheng; ...
Kim, Seon-Young; Park, So-Yeon; Jung, Hack-Sung (2001). "Phylogenetic classification of Antrodia and related genera based on ...
Antrodia albobrunnea Antrodia crassa Antrodia infirma Antrodia primaeva Crustoderma corneum (Phlebia c.) Dichomitus squalens ... Pycnoporellus fulgens Rhodonia placenta Skeletocutis odora Amylocystis lapponica Antrodia albobrunnea Antrodia crassa Antrodia ... Anomoporia bombycina Antrodia pulvinascens Asterodon ferruginosus Crustoderma dryinum Fomitopsis rosea Gloiodon strigosus ...
"A phylogenetic analysis of Antrodia s.l. based on nrDNA ITS sequences, with emphasis on rhizomorphic European species". ...
Antrodia (Fibroporia) vaillantii. Eventually, the term dry rot came to apply to only one or two fungi[citation needed] the main ...
... appearing instead in a separate clade near Antrodia. Rhodonia placenta has acquired an extensive synonymy in its taxonomic ...
Amylocystis Antrodia Auriporia Buglossoporus Climacocystis Coriolellus Dacryobolus Daedalea Donkioporia Fibroporia Fomitella ... Antrodia, Buglossoporus, Cartilosoma, Daedalea, Fomitopsis, Fragifomes, Melanoporia, Neolentiporus, Niveoporofomes, Rhodofomes ...
... , also known as mine fungus, white pore fungus, Antrodia vaillantii, Polyporus vaillantii, and various ...
... the antrodia, core polyporoid, phlebioid, and residual polyporoid clades. Extending this work, Alfredo Justo and colleagues ...
... dehydroeburicoic acid from Antrodia camphorata induces DNA damage and apoptosis in vitro and in vivo models. ...
... novae-zelandiae Antrodia oleracea Antrodia parvula Antrodia pictilis Antrodia pini-cubensis Antrodia plicata Antrodia ... Antrodia calceus Antrodia carbonica Antrodia cinnamomea Antrodia conchata Antrodia crassa Antrodia daedaleiformis Antrodia ... Antrodia ramentacea Antrodia rhizomorpha Antrodia rupamii Antrodia sandaliae Antrodia serialiformis Antrodia serialis Antrodia ... Antrodia stratosa Antrodia subalbidoides Antrodia submalicola Antrodia subramentacea Antrodia subxantha Antrodia taxa Antrodia ...
... is a species of fungi in the genus Antrodia that grows on the dead wood of deciduous trees. Antrodia albida in ...
... is similar in appearance to A. serialis, but the latter has larger spores (6.3-8 by 2.2-3.3 µm). The two ... Antrodia serialiformis was described as a new species by Jiří Kout and Josef Vlasák in the journal Mycotaxon in 2009. The ... Antrodia serialiformis is a species of polypore fungus in the family Fomitopsidaceae. The fungus is resupinate, consisting of a ... Antrodia serialiformis has a dimitic hyphal system, meaning that predominantly two types of hyphae comprise the fruit body. The ...
Antrodia camphorata is a unique mushroom of Taiwan, which has been used as a traditional medicine for protection of diverse ... Antrodia camphorata is a unique mushroom of Taiwan, which has been used as a traditional medicine for protection of diverse ... antrodia camphorata bioactive compound crude extract pharmacological effect review article review biological activity pure ... Review Article Review of Pharmacological Effects of Antrodia camphorata and Its Bioactive Compounds Cached. * ...
Ang Antrodia serialis kay sakop sa henero nga Antrodia, ug pamilya nga Fomitopsidaceae.[22][23] Walay nalista nga matang nga ... Antrodia serialis[21] maoy kaliwatan sa uhong kay sakop sa division nga Basidiomycota, ug nga una nga gihulagway ni Fr., ug nga ... Gikuha gikan sa "https://ceb.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Antrodia_serialis&oldid=4380483" ...
Antrodia novae-zelandiae Antrodia oleracea Antrodia parvula Antrodia pictilis Antrodia pini-cubensis Antrodia plicata Antrodia ... Antrodia calceus Antrodia carbonica Antrodia cinnamomea Antrodia conchata Antrodia crassa Antrodia daedaleiformis Antrodia ... Antrodia ramentacea Antrodia rhizomorpha Antrodia rupamii Antrodia sandaliae Antrodia serialiformis Antrodia serialis Antrodia ... Antrodia stratosa Antrodia subalbidoides Antrodia submalicola Antrodia subramentacea Antrodia subxantha Antrodia taxa Antrodia ...
Antrodia albida is a species of fungi in the genus Antrodia that grows on the dead wood of deciduous trees. Antrodia albida in ...
Antrodia serialiformis is similar in appearance to A. serialis, but the latter has larger spores (6.3-8 by 2.2-3.3 µm). The two ... Antrodia serialiformis was described as a new species by Jiří Kout and Josef Vlasák in the journal Mycotaxon in 2009. The ... Antrodia serialiformis is a species of polypore fungus in the family Fomitopsidaceae. The fungus is resupinate, consisting of a ... Antrodia serialiformis has a dimitic hyphal system, meaning that predominantly two types of hyphae comprise the fruit body. The ...
Antrodia cinnamomea is a fungus species . It causes brown heart rot of aromatic tree Cinnamomum kanehirai. It is used in Taiwan ... "Antrodia cinnamomea reconsidered and A. salmonea sp. nov. on Cunninghamia konishii in Taiwan." Botanical Bulletin of Academia ... "Basidiomatal formation of Antrodia cinnamomea on artificial agar media." Botanical Bulletin of Academia Sinica 46 (2005). Yang ... Chang, T.T.; Chou, W.N. (1995). "Antrodia cinnamomea sp. nov. on Cinnamomum kanehirai in Taiwan". Mycological Research. 99 (6 ...
Antrodia serialis is a species of polypore fungus in the genus Antrodia. Originally named Polyporus serialis by Elias Fries in ... In North America, it is often confused with the morphologically similar Antrodia serialiformis, which grows on oak. Fries EM. ( ... ISBN 978-3-540-32138-5. Kout J, Vlasák J. (2009). "Antrodia serialiformis from the eastern USA, a new and abundant polypore ...
Antrodia pulvinascens is a species of crust fungus in the genus Antrodia that is found in Europe. Czech mycologist Albert Pilát ... and Tyromyces canadensis, plus notes on Skeletocutis and Antrodia". Karstenia. 25: 21-40. Pilát, A. (1953). "Hymenomycetes novi ...
Taxonomy - Fibroporia radiculosa (strain TFFH 294) (Brown rot fungus) (Antrodia radiculosa) Basket 0 ...
... You-Cheng Hseu ... "The Antitumor Activity of Antrodia camphorata in Melanoma Cells: Modulation of Wnt/β-Catenin Signaling Pathways," Evidence- ...
... were isolated along with six known ubiquinones from Antrodia cinnamomea (Polyporaceae) mycelium. The developed HPLC analysis ... In Vitro Anticancer Activity and Structural Characterization of Ubiquinones from Antrodia cinnamomea Mycelium by I-Chuan Yen 1, ... Keywords: Antrodia cinnamomea; ubiquinone derivative; antrocinnamone; 4-acetylantrocamol LT3; HPLC analysis and fingerprint; ... "In Vitro Anticancer Activity and Structural Characterization of Ubiquinones from Antrodia cinnamomea Mycelium." Molecules 22, ...
The safety of ,i,Antrodia camphorata,/i, was determined ,i,in vivo,/i, by the acute toxicity test and ,i,in vitro,/i, by ... In conclusion, ,i,Antrodia camphorata,/i, extract significantly enhanced the rate of the wound enclosure in rats and promotes ... The present study was undertaken to evaluate the potential of ,i,Antrodia camphorata,/i, ethanol extract to accelerate the rate ... Our results showed that wound treated with ,i,Antrodia camphorata,/i, extract and intrasite gel significantly accelerates the ...
Y. C. Hseu, H. T. Tsou, K. J. Kumar, K. Y. Lin, H. W. Chang, and H. L. Yang, "The antitumor activity of Antrodia camphorata in ... C. C. Lee, H. L. Yang, T. D. Way et al., "Inhibition of cell growth and induction of apoptosis by Antrodia camphorata in HER-2/ ... Y. Shen, S. Yang, C. Lin, C. Chen, Y. Kuo, and C. Chen, "Zhankuic acid F: a new metabolite from a formosan fungus Antrodia ... Antrodia cinnamomea, a rare mushroom of the family Polyporaceae, only grows naturally in Taiwan [19]. For Taiwanese traditional ...
Antcin C from Antrodia cinnamomea Protects Liver Cells Against Free Radical-Induced Oxidative Stress and Apoptosis In Vitro and ...
Y.-C. Hseu, H.-T. Tsou, K. J. S. Kumar, K.-Y. Lin, H.-W. Chang, and H.-L. Yang, "The antitumor activity of Antrodia camphorata ... C.-C. Shen, C.-F. Lin, Y.-L. Huang et al., "Bioactive components from the mycelium of Antrodia salmonea," Journal of the ... C.-C. Lee, H.-L. Yang, T.-D. Way et al., "Inhibition of cell growth and induction of apoptosis by Antrodia camphorata in HER-2/ ... T.-Y. Song and G.-C. Yen, "Antioxidant properties of Antrodia camphorata in submerged culture," Journal of Agricultural and ...
G.-J. Wang, H.-W. Tseng, C.-J. Chou, T.-H. Tsai, C.-T. Chen, and M.-K. Lu, "The vasorelaxation of Antrodia camphorata mycelia: ... Y.-L. Hsu, Y.-C. Kuo, P.-L. Kuo, L.-T. Ng, Y.-H. Kuo, and C.-C. Lin, "Apoptotic effects of extract from Antrodia camphorata ... Antrodia camphorata (Polyporaceae, Aphyllophorales), a parasitic fungus on rotting trees of Cinnamomum kanehirai Hay [9], is ... Antrodia camphorata is used in folk medicine for the treatment of inflammation syndromes and liver-related diseases in Taiwan. ...
Figure 1: Cell growth inhibition of TCEE on human hepatocellular carcinoma cells, Hep3B and HepJ5. (a) Hep3B (gray line) and HepJ5 (black line) cells were treated with 0 to 10 mg/mL TCEE for 48 hr, and the cell viability was determined by MTT assay. IC50 of TCEE is 0.48 mg/mL on Hep3B cells and 0.91 mg/mL on HepJ5 cells, respectively. Experiments were repeated in triplicate and presented data were mean plus standard deviation. ((b) to (e)) Morphological observation on Hep3B and HepJ5 cells treated with 0 mg/mL TCEE ((b) and (c) Hep3B and HepJ5, resp.) or 0.5 to 1.0 mg/mL TCEE for 48 hr ((d) and (e) Hep3B and HepJ5, resp.). TCEE treated cells demonstrated apoptotic-like morphological changes such as cell shrinkage and cell blebbing compared with cells treated with normal culture medium. Magnification = 100x. (f) Expressions of survivin and GRP-78 on Hep3B and HepJ5 cells were determined by western blotting analysis. HepJ5 cells demonstrated higher expression of both survivin and GRP-78 than Hep3B ...
Antrodia cinnamomea (AC) is a unique fungus found inhabiting the rotten wood of Cinnamomum kanehirai. A submerged liquid ... Antrodia cinnamomea (AC, syn. Antrodia camphorata, Taiwanofungus camphoratus and Ganoderma comphoratum) is a novel ... Chang, T.T.; Chou, W.N. Antrodia cinnamomea sp. nov. on Cinnamomum kanehirai in Taiwan. Mycol. Res. 1995, 99, 756-758. [Google ... Huang, C.H.; Chang, Y.Y.; Liu, C.W.; Kang, W.Y.; Lin, Y.L.; Chang, H.C.; Chen, Y.C. Fruiting body of Niuchangchih (Antrodia ...
To enhance production of Antrodia cinnamomea triterpenoids (ACTs) from mycelia in solid-state culture, α-terpineol was added to ... To enhance production of Antrodia cinnamomea triterpenoids (ACTs) from mycelia in solid-state culture, α-terpineol was added to ... Alpha-terpineol affects synthesis and antitumor activity of triterpenoids from Antrodia cinnamomea mycelia in solid-state ... Alpha-terpineol affects synthesis and antitumor activity of triterpenoids from Antrodia cinnamomea mycelia in solid-state ...
Zhang Zhi, Niu Zhang Zhi, Antrodia cinnamomea, Antrodia camphorata. Antrodia camphorata mushroom is highly valued as a ... Bulk Discounts for Antrodia Camphorata Hyphas (Zhang Zhi) Below are the available bulk discount rates for each individual item ... Product label: Antrodia Camphorata Hyphas. Common name: Zhang Zhi. Packing: 60 vegetarian capsules (500 mg each). Product of ... It is hoped that Antrodia mycelium are now widely used in Asia one day can act as an efficient alternative phytotherapeutic ...
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Antrodia camphorata. Taiwanese name - Niu Chang Chih. This native Taiwanese mushroom is starting to attract interest because of ... 5. Niuchangchih (Antrodia camphorata) and its potential in treating liver diseases. Ao ZH, Xu ZH, Lu ZM, Xu HY, Zhang XM, Dou ... Antrodia camporata polysaccharides exhibit anti-hepatitus B virus effects. Lee, IH, Huang RL, Chen CT, Chen HC, HsuWC & Lu MK. ... Effects of Antrodia camphorata on alcohol clearance and antifibrosis in livers of rats continuously fed alcohol. Wu MT, Tzang ...
... buy Antrodia Camphorata powder Herbal Extract 15% triterpenoids from China manufacturer. ... Natural Antrodia cinnamomea Extract powder 6% triterpene,Antrodia camphorata Extract,Antrodia cinnamomea Extract,niu-chang-chih ... Antrodia Camphorata powder Herbal Extract 15% triterpenoids,Antrodia camphorata Extract Powder 10%- 50%polysaccharide,100% ... Antrodia cinnamomea (also named niu-chang-chih in Chinese) is a unique fungus in Taiwan. It is very rare and can only be found ...
In Taiwan, Antrodia cinnamomea has recently been widely studied for its effectiveness in restoring damaged liver function and ... Antrodia cinnamomea has recently attracted pharmaceutical attention for its anti-tumor properties. In fact, it has been called ... Purported Health Benefits of Antrodia. *Supports liver function: studies show that it helps improve liver function damaged by ... Often called the fungus of fortune, Antrodia cinnamomea is known as "niu zhang zhi" or "zhang-yi" in Taiwan. Growing only ...
1. An extract from Antrodia cinnamomea fruit body derivatives, which is obtained in the following steps: provide dry Antrodia ... 5. An extract from Antrodia cinnamomea fruit body derivatives obtained in these steps: provide dry Antrodia cinnamomea fruit ... The Preparation of Acetic Acid Extract and Acetic Ether Extract from Antrodia cinnamomea Fruit Body [0044] Firstly, the ... 0006] Antrodia cinnamome is a kind of fungus which is deemed as a very precious traditional Chinese medicine. It has already ...
  • 2007) found that it inhibits prostate cancer cells and concluded that Antrodia camphorata due to its nontoxicity, might be used as a good adjuvant anticancer therapy for prostate cancers. (cgcmall.com)
  • Antrolone, a Novel Benzoid Derived from Antrodia cinnamomea, Inhibits the LPS-Induced Inflammatory Response in RAW264.7 Macrophage Cells by Balancing the NF-[Formula: see text]B and Nrf2 Pathways. (tonicology.com)
  • Miettinen (2011) Amyloporia pinea B.K.Cui & Y.C.Dai (2013) = Antrodia pinea (B.K.Cui & Y.C.Dai) V.Spirin (2015) Amyloporia sitchensis (D.V.Baxter) Vampola & Pouzar (1993) = Antrodia sitchensis (D.V.Baxter) Gilb. (wikipedia.org)