The horn of an animal of the deer family, typically present only in the male. It differs from the HORNS of other animals in being a solid, generally branched bony outgrowth that is shed and renewed annually. The word antler comes from the Latin anteocularis, ante (before) + oculus (eye). (From Webster, 3d ed)
The family Cervidae of 17 genera and 45 species occurring nearly throughout North America, South America, and Eurasia, on most associated continental islands, and in northern Africa. Wild populations of deer have been established through introduction by people in Cuba, New Guinea, Australia, New Zealand, and other places where the family does not naturally occur. They are slim, long-legged and best characterized by the presence of antlers. Their habitat is forests, swamps, brush country, deserts, and arctic tundra. They are usually good swimmers; some migrate seasonally. (Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, p1362)
A genus of deer, Rangifer, that inhabits the northern parts of Europe, Asia, and America. Caribou is the North American name; reindeer, the European. They are often domesticated and used, especially in Lapland, for drawing sleds and as a source of food. Rangifer is the only genus of the deer family in which both sexes are antlered. Most caribou inhabit arctic tundra and surrounding arboreal coniferous forests and most have seasonal shifts in migration. They are hunted extensively for their meat, skin, antlers, and other parts. (From Webster, 3d ed; Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, p1397)
A thioxanthene with therapeutic actions similar to the phenothiazine antipsychotics. It is an antagonist at D1 and D2 dopamine receptors.
Thin outer membrane that surrounds a bone. It contains CONNECTIVE TISSUE, CAPILLARIES, nerves, and a number of cell types.
Profound stupor produced by passing an electric current through the brain.
An agent with anti-androgen and progestational properties. It shows competitive binding with dihydrotestosterone at androgen receptor sites.
Individuals with a degree in veterinary medicine that provides them with training and qualifications to treat diseases and injuries of animals.
The medical science concerned with the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases in animals.
The thin, horny plates that cover the dorsal surfaces of the distal phalanges of the fingers and toes of primates.
One of a set of bone-like structures in the mouth used for biting and chewing.
Use for general articles concerning veterinary medical education.
Decrease in the size of a cell, tissue, organ, or multiple organs, associated with a variety of pathological conditions such as abnormal cellular changes, ischemia, malnutrition, or hormonal changes.
The act or practice of literary composition, the occupation of writer, or producing or engaging in literary work as a profession.
Sound that expresses emotion through rhythm, melody, and harmony.
Modulation of human voice to produce sounds augmented by musical tonality and rhythm.
The gourd plant family of the order Violales, subclass Dilleniidae, class Magnoliopsida. It is sometimes placed in its own order, Cucurbitales. 'Melon' generally refers to CUCUMIS; CITRULLUS; or MOMORDICA.
A plant species of the family CUCURBITACEAE. It is a source of ribosome-inactivating proteins and triterpene glycosides.
Any liquid or solid preparation made specifically for the growth, storage, or transport of microorganisms or other types of cells. The variety of media that exist allow for the culturing of specific microorganisms and cell types, such as differential media, selective media, test media, and defined media. Solid media consist of liquid media that have been solidified with an agent such as AGAR or GELATIN.
A process of preserving animal hides by chemical treatment (using vegetable tannins, metallic sulfates, and sulfurized phenol compounds, or syntans) to make them immune to bacterial attack, and subsequent treatments with fats and greases to make them pliable. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 5th ed)
Characteristics or attributes of persons or things which elicit pleasurable feelings.
A plant genus of the family CUCURBITACEAE, order Violales, subclass Dilleniidae, which includes pumpkin, gourd and squash.
Objects of precious metal usually containing gems and worn to enhance personal appearance. Health concerns include possible contamination from lead content or bacteria.
Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
A specialized CONNECTIVE TISSUE that is the main constituent of the SKELETON. The principle cellular component of bone is comprised of OSTEOBLASTS; OSTEOCYTES; and OSTEOCLASTS, while FIBRILLAR COLLAGENS and hydroxyapatite crystals form the BONE MATRIX.
A broad class of substances containing carbon and its derivatives. Many of these chemicals will frequently contain hydrogen with or without oxygen, nitrogen, sulfur, phosphorus, and other elements. They exist in either carbon chain or carbon ring form.

Hard fallow deer antler: a living bone till antler casting? (1/92)

Deer antlers are the only mammalian bone structures which regenerate completely every year. Once developed, antlers are cleaned of the velvet-like skin. Presently it is believed that due to velvet shedding the blood supply is interrupted in the solidifying antler bone. Histological examinations were made on different parts of fallow deer antlers investigated from the time of velvet shedding till the antler casting. The present study on hard (polished) antlers revealed living bone with regions presenting living osteocytes, active osteoblasts, osteoid seams and even early stages of trabecular microcallus formation, thus indicating to a continuous bone remodeling. A well developed vascular system was found despite the presence of hard antler bone. The pedicle bone exhibits a rich supply of capillaries and vessels connected to the spongy core of the main branch and the compact bone as well. There is evidence that hard fallow deer antlers possess a functioning vascular system that "keeps the antler moist" resulting in a high impact resistance when fights are most frequent. As late as 3 weeks prior to antler casting a large number of living cells were discovered within the antler core. As we have no doubt that parts of the polished fallow deer antler represent a living bone, we have concluded that a sufficient blood supply of the antler core is maintained almost till the time of antler casting by vessels passing through the antler base.  (+info)

Role of oestradiol in the regulation of the seasonal antler cycle in female reindeer, Rangifer tarandus. (2/92)

Reindeer (or caribou), Rangifer tarandus, is the only extant species of deer in which females as well as males normally develop antlers that are cast and regrown each year. This study investigated the role of ovarian oestradiol in the regulation of the seasonal antler cycle in female reindeer. Ovariectomized Norwegian reindeer living outdoors in northern Norway (69 degrees N) were treated with continuous-release subcutaneous Silastic implants containing oestradiol, which maintained the blood concentrations of oestradiol within the physiological range for the mating season from June to October-November. The treatment with oestradiol induced the synchronized maturation of the antlers and rapid cleaning of the velvet-like skin in August-September in the ovariectomized reindeer, a pattern very similar to that observed in ovary-intact controls living under the same conditions. The removal of the steroid implant in October-November caused the premature casting of the antlers in early winter in two of five animals, while the remainder cast at the normal time in spring; this response was seen whether the animals had received one or two oestradiol implants in autumn. The antlers developed by the ovariectomized, oestradiol-treated females were significantly heavier and carried more branches than the ovariectomized animals without oestradiol replacement, and were marginally heavier than the antlers of intact controls. These results support the view that oestradiol is the biologically active steroid secreted by the ovary in intact female reindeers that induces the normal development of the antlers. Oestradiol stimulates the growth and mineralization of the antler bone, the cleaning of the velvet, and suppresses the casting of the hard antlers. This endocrine control ensures that the hard antlers, which function as weapons, are retained throughout the autumn and winter when the females are normally pregnant and when competition between females over food in the snow is most intense; hence there is a reproductive advantage to explain the evolution of antlers in females.  (+info)

Velvet antler polypeptides promoted proliferation of chondrocytes and osteoblast precursors and fracture healing. (3/92)

AIM: To study the effects of velvet antler (VA) total polypeptides (VATP) and VA polypeptides, VAP-A, VAP-B, and VAP-C on proliferation of chondrocytes and osteoblast precusors. METHODS: Chondrocytes (rabbit and human fetus) and osteoblast precusors (chick embryo) were incubated in the culture medium containing VATP or VAP-A, VAP-B, and VAP-C. [3H]TdR incorporation into DNA was measured. Fracture healing-promoting action of VATP was determined in rats. RESULTS: VATP 50-200 mg.L-1 and VAP-B 12.5, 25, and 50 mg.L-1 showed most marked proliferation-promoting activity for rabbit costed chondrocytes and increased incorporation of [3H]TdR from (73 +/- 9) Bq (control group) to (272 +/- 55), (327 +/- 38), and (415 +/- 32) Bq, respectively (P < 0.01). The activity of VAP-A was weaker than that of VAP-B, and VAP-C had no activity. VATP 10 and 20 by local injection into the cross-section fracture area accelerated healing of radial fracture. The healing rate of VATP-treated group was higher (75%) than that of control group (25%) (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: VATP accelerated fracture healing by stimulating proliferation of chondrocytes and osteoblast precursors.  (+info)

Bone turnover associated with antler growth in red deer (Cervus elaphus). (4/92)

Although it is known that skeletal bone depletion occurs during antler growth in deer, it is not clear whether repletion of the skeleton takes place before or after completion of antler development. This study attempted to correlate repeated scanning electron microscopic measures of ilium and rib bone porosity from six approximately 2-monthly biopsy samples (using back-scattered imaging) and biochemical markers of bone turnover (serum hydroxyproline and osteocalcin concentrations) taken for 11 months with antler growth in six red deer stags. No changes were detected in ilium samples but changes in porosity of rib bones and an elevation of the biochemical markers indicated that skeletal depletion occurred during the antler growth period. However, the decrease in rib bone porosity and decline in markers of bone turnover took place before completion of antler growth, indicating that a considerable amount of skeletal repletion could have occurred whilst antlers were also undergoing bone accretion. This latter finding extends the current view of antler growth being accompanied by a form of reversible osteoporosis in the skeleton by showing that there is a period when the antlers and skeleton are both undergoing net bone formation.  (+info)

Cyproterone acetate reduced antler growth in surgically castrated fallow deer. (5/92)

We studied the role of androgens in antler growth. In particular, we investigated whether the onset of antler regrowth is triggered by a short-term pulse of testosterone and if low levels of androgens are required for antler growth. The study was conducted on 12 surgically castrated fallow deer bucks (Dama dama) aged approximately 27 months. Six animals (CA group) were given the antiandrogen, cyproterone acetate (CA, 1000 mg/treatment); the others were given vehicle solution only (control). Before each CA treatment, blood was sampled and analysed for testosterone, androstenedione, IGF-1, cortisol, FSH, and LH. CA treatment and blood sampling were performed 2 days before castration, on the day of castration and afterwards at 2-day intervals until day 22. Subsequently, CA treatment and blood sampling continued at weekly intervals until day 270. All animals cast their antlers, followed by antler regrowth in all control bucks, but in only four of the six CA-treated castrates. Plasma testosterone concentrations were low in all animals (between 0.01 and 0.20 ng/ml), but were significantly (P<0001) greater in the controls. In both groups, a temporary increase in testosterone values was recorded around the time of antler regrowth, the peak being significantly (P<0.01) higher in the controls. Androstenedione showed a similar pattern as testosterone. Plasma IGF-1 concentrations increased sharply during the antler growth spurt and did not differ significantly between the two groups throughout the study period. Cortisol concentrations were greater in controls than in the CA group. However, no link with the antler cycle was apparent. FSH and LH concentrations were higher in the controls for most of the study. Antlers produced by the control bucks were significantly larger than those in the CA group (P<0.03). For antler length, testosterone, androstenedione and IGF-1, areas under the curve (AUC) were calculated over the period of antler growth. For the pooled deer (n=12) significant correlations existed between AUCs of antler length and testosterone, but not for antler length and IGF-1. Also, a trend for a positive correlation between AUCs of antler length and androstenedione was noted. It is concluded that a plasma androgen concentration at least above a minimal threshold level is a necessary prerequisite for normal antler regrowth in fallow deer, and that this androgen effect is not mediated via circulating IGF-1. The biological role of low levels of androgens may be to sensitize antler cells to the stimulating effect of IGF.  (+info)

Structure and mineralisation density of antler and pedicle bone in red deer (Cervus elaphus L.) exposed to different levels of environmental fluoride: a quantitative backscattered electron imaging study. (6/92)

The structure and relative degree of mineralisation of antler and pedicle bone of yearling red deer stags exposed either to low or high levels of environmental fluoride were determined by digital quantitative backscattered electron (BSE) imaging. Bone fluoride content (BFC) in antlers (845 +/- 86 mg F-/kg ash, arithmetic mean +/- S.E.M.) and pedicles (1448 +/- 154 mg F-/kg ash) of deer from a highly fluoride polluted area in North Bohemia (Czech Republic) were significantly higher (P < 0.001) than those of controls from uncontaminated regions in West Germany (antlers: 206 +/- 41, pedicles: 322 +/- 52 mg F-/kg ash). Mean (56.5 +/- 4.5%) and maximum (84.9 +/- 2.1%) mineralised bone area of the control antlers significantly (P < 0.05 and P < 0.001, respectively) exceeded the corresponding values for the N. Bohemian deer (43.3 +/- 1.3 and 73.3 +/- 1.9%, respectively), while the pedicles from the 2 groups did not differ significantly. In the pooled antler samples (n = 18), negative correlations existed between BFC and mean (r(s) = -0.62, P < 0.01) as well as maximum (r(s) = -0.69, P < 0.01) mineralised bone area. Morphological imaging revealed a decreased width and an increased porosity of the antler cortex in the N. Bohemian specimens. Mean (148.5 +/- 1.7) and maximum (154.2 +/- 1.7) BSE-signal intensities (= grey levels; range between a monobrominated (grey level 0) and a monoiodinated (grey level 255) dimethacrylate resin standard) of the antlers from the controls were significantly higher than those of the N. Bohemian deer (140.7 +/- 2.1 and 145.7 +/- 2.2, respectively; P < 0.05 for both comparisons). In the pooled antler samples, negative correlations between BFC and mean (r(s) = -0.51, P < 0.05) as well as maximum (r(s) = -0.52, P < 0.05) BSE-signal intensities were observed. No significant differences in mineralisation density parameters were found for the 2 pedicle samples, and BFC and mineralisation density of the pooled pedicles were uncorrelated. Morphological imaging revealed bone mottling (denoting increased remodelling activity) and frequent occurrence of apparently increased osteocyte lacunae in some of the pedicles from the N. Bohemian deer. It is concluded that the reduced amount of mineralised bone in, and the lower mineralisation density of, the N. Bohemian antlers resulted from a fluoride induced disturbance of bone mineralisation. The rapid growth of antlers leads both to a high mineral demand and a high rate of fluoride uptake during antlerogenesis. This, and the limited lifespan of antlers, which does not allow for a compensation of a delay in the onset or progression of the mineralisation process, renders antler bone particularly susceptible to fluoride. Antlers are therefore considered a useful model for studying fluoride effects on bone formation. Furthermore, analysis of cast antlers enables a noninvasive monitoring of environmental pollution by fluorides.  (+info)

Histological studies of pedicle skin formation and its transformation to antler velvet in red deer (Cervus elaphus). (7/92)

Deer antlers and their antecedent pedicles are made up of two components, interior osseocartilage and exterior integument. In a previous study, we described that histogenesis of the interior osseocartilage proceeds through four ossification stages. These are intramembranous (IMO), transition (OPC), pedicle endochondral (pECO), and antler endochondral (aECO). In the present study, we used histological techniques to examine pedicle skin formation and its transformation to antler velvet. The results showed that pedicle skin initiated from the apex of a frontal lateral crest and was formed through three distinctive stages. These stages are 1) compression of the subcutaneous loose connective tissue at the OPC stage, 2) stretching of the undulated epidermis at the early pECO stage, and 3) neogenesis of the skin and its associated appendages at the mid pECO stage. Transformation into antler velvet, which occurs at the late pECO stage, is mainly associated with alteration in the skin appendages. This alteration includes the loss of arrector pili muscle and sweat glands, and the gain of the large bi- or multi-lobed sebaceous glands. These results suggest that pedicle skin expansion occurs to release the mechanical tension created by underlying forming antlerogenic tissue, initially in response to it by mechanical stretch, and then by neogenesis of skin. In turn, the stretched pedicle skin may exert mechanical pressure on the underlying antlerogenic tissue causing it to change in ossification type. Antler velvet generation may be accomplished by both mechanical stimulation and chemical induction from the underlying pECO stage antlerogenic tissue. If this hypothesis is correct it is likely that mechanical stimulation would drive skin formation and chemical induction then determine skin type. Furthermore, asynchronous transformation of the interior and exterior components during pedicle formation and antler generation may result from the delayed chemical induction and the way antler velvet initially generates. The results from both mitotic cell labelling of the basal layer and ultrastructure of the basement membrane of the apical skin in the study support these hypotheses.  (+info)

Cells in regenerating deer antler cartilage provide a microenvironment that supports osteoclast differentiation. (8/92)

Deer antlers are a rare example of mammalian epimorphic regeneration. Each year, the antlers re-grow by a modified endochondral ossification process that involves extensive remodelling of cartilage by osteoclasts. This study identified regenerating antler cartilage as a site of osteoclastogenesis in vivo. An in vitro model was then developed to study antler osteoclast differentiation. Cultured as a high-density micromass, cells from non-mineralised cartilage supported the differentiation of large numbers of osteoclast-like multinucleated cells (MNCs) in the absence of factors normally required for osteoclastogenesis. After 48 h of culture, tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP)-positive mononuclear cells (osteoclast precursors) were visible, and by day 14 a large number of TRAP-positive MNCs had formed (783+/-200 per well, mean +/- s.e.m., N=4). Reverse transcriptase/polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) showed that receptor activator of NF &kgr; B ligand (RANKL) and macrophage colony stimulating factor (M-CSF) mRNAs were expressed in micromass cultures. Antler MNCs have the phenotype of osteoclasts from mammalian bone; they expressed TRAP, vitronectin and calcitonin receptors and, when cultured on dentine, formed F-actin rings and large resorption pits. When cultured on glass, antler MNCs appeared to digest the matrix of the micromass and endocytose type I collagen. Matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) may play a role in the resorption of this non-mineralised matrix since it is highly expressed in 100 % of MNCs. In contrast, cathepsin K, another enzyme expressed in osteoclasts from bone, is only highly expressed in resorbing MNCs cultured on dentine. This study identifies the deer antler as a valuable model that can be used to study the differentiation and function of osteoclasts in adult regenerating mineralised tissues.  (+info)

Where Does Deer Antler Velvet Come From?. Deer antler velvet is a widely used international dietary and health supplement. The product is made from a growing deer antler. While an antler is forming, it is quite soft to the touch, covered in a fuzzy layer of skin, which is where the name deer antler velvet comes from. While antlers are growing, they are very abundant in a variety of beneficial nutrients such as amino acids, growth factors, collagen, calcium, chondroitin sulfate, and more.. A deers antlers will fall off naturally and grow back every year. Therefore, deer are never killed for their antler; deer antler velvet is collected without harm to the animal. Deer antler velvet must be obtained during the growth phase, before it becomes hard and calcified, to have therapeutic properties.. Deer antler velvet is usually derived from two deer species - the Cervus nippon - Japanese or Asian deer, and Cervus elaphus - European red deer. More than 2,000,000 lbs. of deer antler velvet is produced ...
Dried deer antler velvet is composed of approximately 34% ash, 12% moisture, 54% organic material, of which 10% is nitrogen and 3% fat. Composition varies from species to species and with antler maturity and region of antler studies (tip, upper, middle, base) (Church, 1999).. The growing antler contains a number of necessary cells, including fibroblasts, chondroblasts, chondocytes and osteocytes. The tips of the antlers begin as undifferentiated mesenchymal cells which are transformed into cartilage. Later, the cartilage is turned to bone, due to the effects of testosterone. Deer antler velvet is antler that is still in its cartilaginous stage. So far, it has been rather difficult to ensure the cartilage-versus-bone content of harvested antlers. Food, climate, time of year, age of stag and the various concentrations of substances in different regions of the antler itself, are factors that have yet to be harnessed with assurance.. Calcification and Lipid Levels Researchers are currently ...
Deer antler velvet is first used in Chinese Medicine. It is amazingly discovered written on a Chinese scroll that is said to be more than 2000 years old. To them, it provides its users with energy, stamina and vitality. Deer antler velvet came from the velvet of antlers stag during their early-growth stage. This is when the velvet contains a type of cartilaginous tissue full of beneficial hormones for humans. New Zealand is the largest producer of this supplement, having more than 2,800 dear farms with a combined total of 1.1 million deer. Every year, they ship tens of millions of dollars worth of deer antler velvet spray to both Asia and the United States. The ultimate goal of body builders is larger muscles and greater strength. Deer antler spray helps them get both, the reason is because it contains IGF-1 or insulin growth-like factor, which is responsible for the development of the muscles.. They decided to make deer antler spray because aside from the fact that it is very easy to apply, it ...
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Commonly, it is believed that IGF-1, and insulin, are too fragile to be ingested, because, they are destroyed by stomach acids during digestion, and that is why both substances are frequently injected, to avoid its passage through the stomach altogether.. Taking deer antler extract as a spray may also solve the problem of conveying IGF directly to the bloodstream when sprayed under the tongue.. Various scientific tests support deer antler velvets effects on muscle strength. In a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled experiment, 18 males subjects entered a 10-week strength training program, and it was found out that those who took deer antler velvet showed an increase in strength in the bench press and leg squat, and decrease in body fat relative to the overall placebo group.. In another experiment, 38 males, (all of whom were experienced weightlifters), entered a 10-week strength training program, and those who took deer antler velvet experienced an increase in peak torque and average ...
Deer grow and shed antlers annually. Males typically begin growing a new set of antlers in late spring. Growth starts at the pedicle, which is the antler growing base attached to the skull (see Figure 2). Antler growth is regulated by hormones, which are controlled by photoperiod (day length). The antler growth cycle coincides with the breeding season, so that males have hardened antlers for fighting other males, subsequently establishing dominance and breeding privileges (Figure 5).. Growing day length corresponds to a reduction in melatonin production, which initiates the hormone cycles responsible for antler growth. Throughout late spring and summer, antlers are equipped with a very rich blood supply and are covered with a hairlike membrane commonly known as velvet (Figure 6). While in velvet, antlers are particularly vulnerable to injury, and cuts or bruises suffered at this time often result in deformed antlers.. Growing antlers are high in water and low in dry matter content. The ...
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Antler Farms® (30 tablets) produces a highly concentrated deer antler velvet extract from top grade deer antler velvet. Our extract contains 100% natural, concentrated growth factors made using a proprietary, confidential method. Through 30 years of research, trial and error, and countless revisions, we have developed this flagship product. Each step of the process is very complex, and precise execution is extremely important in creating Antler Farms® authentic, high quality extract. Suggested Use: Take one tablet per day on an empty stomach. Allow tablet to dissolve under tongue in mouth, then swallow. Store in a cool, dry place. Do not use if safety seal is broken or missing. Serving size is 1 tablet. Warning: Use only as directed. Please consult your physician prior to use if you have any medical conditions, are taking any medications, or are pregnant or nursing. Do not use if under 18 years old. Keep out of reach of children. Other Ingredients include ascorbic
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To determine the effects of deer antler velvet on maximal aerobic performance and the trainability of muscular strength and endurance, 38 active males were randomly assigned in a double-blind fashion to either deer antler velvet extract (n = 12), powder (n = 13), or placebo groups (n = 13). Subjects were tested prior to beginning supplementation and a 10-week strength program, and immediately post-training. All subjects were measured for circulating levels of testosterone, insulin-like growth factor, erythropoietin, red cell mass, plasma volume, and total blood volume. Additionally, muscular strength, endurance, and VO2max were determined. All groups improved 6 RM strength equivalently (41 ± 26%, p , .001), but there was a greater increase in isokinetic knee extensor strength (30 ± 21% vs. 13 ± 15%, p = .04) and endurance (21 ± 19% vs. 7 ± 12%, p = .02) in the powder compared to placebo group. There were no endocrine, red cell mass or VO2max changes in any group. These findings do not ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Cells cultured from the growing tip of red deer antler express alkaline phosphatase and proliferate in response to insulin-like growth factor-I. AU - Price, J. S.. AU - Oyajobi, B. O.. AU - Oreffo, R. O.C.. AU - Russell, R. G.G.. PY - 1994. Y1 - 1994. N2 - Deer antler growth provides a unique natural model of rapid and complete bone regeneration. In this study, the distal antler tips of male red deer (Cervus elaphus) were collected post-mortem during the annual growth period (April-August), and an in vitro system established for the culture of cells from three regions; the inner layer of the perichondrium, the reserve mesenchyme and the cartilage zone. Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) expression by cultured cells, as demonstrated by enzyme histochemistry and biochemical assay, reflected the stage of cellular differentiation. ALP activity was highest in cells cultured from the hypertrophic cartilage region (3.6 ± 0.2 μmol/μg cell protein/minute), and lowest in undifferentiated ...
Chemistrys Role. All of the compounds of the deer antlers are not man-made. They all occur in the deers body naturally, very similar to our own.. Background Research. - Antlers are found on the family of Cervidae. These bone growths are found on male deer, sometimes females grow antlers, but this is normally a deformity. The tissue that makes up the antlers is one of the fastest growing tissues, even faster than some cancer cells. It takes about 10 months for the deer to grow a full rack. The process begins in March or April, this is when the days lengthen. At this point of time a gland called the pineal alerts the pituitary gland.The pituitary gland has the protein hormone, prolactin in the anterior lobe, the production of this protein hormone increases under more exposure to daylight. Also, with the increased production of prolactin the body begins producing more testosterone. Testosterone is the main driving force for the production, when testosterone decrease the antlers are shed (winter ...
The majority of people who take advantage of the deer acquire apply are athletes regularly accomplishing intense activities. They use this as an alternative for steroids to develop muscle mass and restore speedier from weakness. Specialists concur which the antler velvet mist is less dangerous than steroids. It appears like the hormone blood insulin and should not be discovered in urine or bloodstream assessments. The Drug and Food Supervision (FDA) has authorized most antler velvet aerosols; even so, you should guarantee that it must be accredited just before working with any product. The antler velvet sprays contain the growth hormones IGF-I. This hormonal agent stimulates muscle mass to develop much faster.. Nutritious Great things about Deer Antler Apply igf spray reviews ...
All cast antlers collected were identified as either fresh or old (from a previous year). Fresh casts were defined as having a skin ring, which is located around the exterior of the pedicle seal just under the base of the burr (Shead 2011). Only freshly cast deer antlers that were defined as typical by Boone and Crockett Club (Nesbitt and Wright 2009) were considered, and all cast antlers were measured by the authors. For a match set of cast antlers (determined by physical proximity and antler similarity [size, burring, and coloration]), we considered only the first cast antler collected. We used MBL to distinguish cast antlers of yearling bucks from older age groups, as described by Schoenebeck et al. (2013). All tines ≥25 mm were counted toward the point total. To facilitate comparisons, we calculated gross score for each cast antler in accordance with the Boone and Crockett Club standardized measuring system (Nesbitt and Wright 2009). We measured main beam length and tine lengths ≥25 mm ...
Objective: To study the effects of velvet antler polypeptides (VAPs) on osteoarthritic chondrocytes (OCs) in rabbits. Methods: An osteoarthritic rabbit model was established according to Hulth's method. OCs were isolated and cultured for observation of the cell cycle. Cell proliferation was detected by MTT assay and the cell cycle was monitored by flow cytometry. The phenotype was determined by toluidine blue staining as well as immunohistochemical staining for collagen type II. The expression of MMP-1, MMP-3, MMP-13, TIMP-1, and collagen I and X mRNA by chondrocytes was assayed by RT-PCR. Results: The VAPs had no obvious proliferative effect on OCs and did not affect the cell cycle. However, they significantly reduced the proportion of early apoptotic cells in a dose-dependent manner. Further, VAPs inhibited the expression of collagen I and X mRNA and induced abnormal expression of MMP-1 and MMP-13 mRNA. VAPs had no significant effect on MMP-3 and TIMP-1 mRNA levels. The toluidine blue and ...
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A Los Angeles based company that sells herbal tea made of deer antler is voluntarily recalling its product after two people became ill, state health officials announced Monday.. U.S. Deer Antlers Import & Export, Inc stopped selling the 6-inch by 4-inch plastic tea pouches contain labeling in Korean. There are no other lot bar codes or best if used by dates on the packaging, according to the California Department of Public Health.. We were one several. The product was sold to acupuncturists and individuals in California, Florida, Illinois, Maryland, North Carolina, Texas and Virginia. Two people from Orange County became ill after consuming the tea in March, state and local health officials said last month.. The tea has a risk of botulism, a rare but serious illness caused by a nerve toxin that is produced by a bacterium.. Symptoms of botulism include double vision, blurred vision, drooping eyelids, slurred speech, difficulty swallowing and weakness. These are all symptoms of muscle paralysis ...
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BOONTON, N.J., Oct. 10, 2016 /PRNewswire/ -- Following a long history of use in traditional Chinese medicine,(1) deer antler velvet has recently emerged in the dietary supplement market as a key ingredient in human growth hormone (HGH) formulations. leading manufacturer of natural HGH supplements-has leveraged the advantages of deer antler velvet in its popular HGF Max pills and other stackable products, including HGH spray, ClenXDV, and Cut and Ripped Plus.. A review of pharmacological studies indicates that deer antler velvet offers a variety of benefits, such as anti-inflammatory, anti-fatigue, anti-stress, immunomodulatory and other effects that are attributed to its major bioactive compounds: amino acids, polypeptides and proteins.(1) Studies have also suggested its effectiveness in aiding fracture, injury and wound healing.(2, 3). Deer antler velvet has been found to contain insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1), a precursor to HGH, and is used by athletes to improve heart ...
BOONTON, N.J., Oct. 10, 2016 /PRNewswire/ -- Following a long history of use in traditional Chinese medicine,(1) deer antler velvet has recently emerged in the dietary supplement market as a key ingredient in human growth hormone (HGH) formulations. leading manufacturer of natural HGH supplements-has leveraged the advantages of deer antler velvet in its popular HGF Max pills and other stackable products, including HGH spray, ClenXDV, and Cut and Ripped Plus.. A review of pharmacological studies indicates that deer antler velvet offers a variety of benefits, such as anti-inflammatory, anti-fatigue, anti-stress, immunomodulatory and other effects that are attributed to its major bioactive compounds: amino acids, polypeptides and proteins.(1) Studies have also suggested its effectiveness in aiding fracture, injury and wound healing.(2, 3). Deer antler velvet has been found to contain insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1), a precursor to HGH, and is used by athletes to improve heart ...
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While the therapeutic claims for velvet antler in traditional medicine are extraordinarily wide ranging, the fact that velvet antler is still in use today, after 2000 years, is a testimony in itself - velvet antler works! Certainly, a more scientific understanding of the bioactive components of velvet antler is necessary to define the nature of their effects. But, with over 70 years of research, new insights and more studies, velvet antler is poised to be one of the most versatile multipurpose natural remedies to arrive in the West (Life Extension Magazine). As the New Zealand Game Industry Board stated: With the results expected from new scientific research, it is likely that velvet will become as accepted in western countries as vitamins and minerals. Obviously, with past proven effects and future forecasted results, the potential applications of velvet antler in Western natural medicine and health care are, in fact, scientifically significant.... VELVET ANTLER AND THE NEXT 2000 ...
This ladder bracelet is in darker tones with a contrasting antler button. The cord used for this is black leather with black macrame lacing.The Czech glass beads are is shades of green for a rather reptilian look.The button clasp is hand made from natural deer antler.This has two button hole settin
Interviewer: Nice. I know other industry experts are into Deer AntlerX and stuff like that, and they mentions things like it has a lot of lysine in it, and they say that people who eat a lot of nuts or something this is a good product to balance out. Expert: Something we were looking for too was how can you bring an animal type product into the marketplace that wasnt for people who really dont eat animal products? How can we find the most potent thing that provides all of that stuff, like you mentioned lysine, actually a full amino acid spectrum, a full spectrum also, like I said, of IGF-1 growth factors, and other type proteins? How can you bring that in without bringing in a lot of animal food into someones life? What we arrive at was this extract, which is a very small amount, but enough to balance out some of the imbalances that get created on a diet like you mentioned high in nuts and things like that. Interviewer: Nice. So other things that you mentioned were people become quite viral ...
I was walking in the woods early last month, just breathing in the crisp air and enjoying the crunch of crusted snow under my leather hunting boots, when something caught my eye - something out of place.. A beautifully-curved shed antler was lying on top of the rigid blanket of white.. Since I had walked this same deer trail the morning before, I knew that the antler was a fresh drop. A little blood, still red, was visible where the antler had become detached from its pedicle - further validating its freshness.. It was modest as antlers go - a 14-inch main beam, half of a six-point, that would have crested about 8 inches above the bucks ears. Nonetheless, it was my largest shed find thus far. I picked up the trophy, smiling at my good fortune.. The antler rests on my desk as I write this. Hunters might understand this, but I just cant resist reaching out and touching that polished piece of bone. What is the attraction? Im not sure, but I just enjoy the feel of the smooth antler in my ...
Experts weigh in on deer antler velvet, the substance at the center of a new sports controversy involving Ravens linebacker Ray Lewis.
Effects of processing methods of velvet antler from Formosan Sambar deer on quality and immunomodulatory activities. The purpose of this study was to investigate the chemical compositions and microbial quality of Formosan sambar deer velvet products, and the effects of velvet antler (VA) extracts on the anti-infective and anti- inflamed activities. Fresh VA was chopped into four sections. From top to bottom were the tip, the upper, the middle and the base sections, respectively. The chemical compositions in fresh and powder of VA were compared. The moisture content of four sections fresh VA were range 60.6 ~ 67.6 %. After dry treatment, the moisture content was just only 0.14 ~ 2.37 %. Crude protein was the second main composition in fresh VA, range from 17.2 ~ 21.7 %. The protein content became the main composition after dry treatment, and was 47.2 ~ 60.1 %. The tip had the highest protein content. The results of microbial quality of VA products showed that the tip of fresh VA had the highest ...
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Please stop selling Velvet Deer Antler Extract, Deer Placenta and Colostrum. These products are cruel and unnecessary. We, the public, are sick and tired of this exploitation and we ask you to please stop immediately. Due to the sale of these products many people are not supporting your stores anymore therefore its best for your reputation and long term sales to remove them. We look forward to peace being restored to the Raw Food World. The ball is firmly in your court, you now have the power to be courageous and do the right thing. We will not give up, we will be waiting. ...
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Used For Over 2000 Years As An Aphrodisiac and Sexual Booster. Deer velvet antler not only gives you more energy, but also is a potent immune system stimulant, performance enhancer. It is one of nature s most effective rejuvenating sexual boosters. Although it s been in use for over 2000 years in Asia, it s only just now beginning to be sort after in the West. Deer antler velvet in traditional Chinese medicine is regarded as highly as other health treatments such as ginseng and ginkgo. Deer velvet antlers sexual enhancing features have been known in Asia for over 2000 years. It raises the hormones necessary for healthy sexual functioning and restores the bodys energy levels depleted by stress or exhaustion. It has the scientifically proven to increase physical stamina. The effects of deer velvet antler on people with sexual disorders has been widely documented, especially by Russian clinical researchers where it is widely used treat sexual dysfunction. It is regarded as an effective remedy for ...
This masculine matte titanium mens wedding band pairs naturally shed deer antler and authentic whiskey barrel oak wood. Send us your antler or choose from our stock of naturally shed specimens. Shop Jewelry by Johans huge selection of mens wedding bands.
A. pyogenes is a bacterium that commonly lives on the skin and gums of deer, and causes infection when it enters wounds. This bacteria is also present in the circulation of all ruminants. Brain abscess often form when the bacteria enter wounds in the velvet of a bucks antler, a broken antler, or the pedicle (base of the antler) of a recently shed or damaged antler. After the bacteria enter an antler wound, they can damage the bone of the skull and enter the brain where the abscess forms. Most cases of brain abscess syndrome occur in adult antlered males in October through April. This is because open wounds associated with antlers often occur as a result of normal buck breeding behavior such as antler rubbing, sparring, and shedding. Females and immature males can also develop brain abscesses, though it is less common. ...
For most of our house, Ive selected unique but timeless (at least in my opinion) lighting options that fall in step with our old-meets-new approach to decorating. The ambiance I wanted to imbibe into each room was taken into consideration when choosing each fixture. Being trapped in a tiny camper last winter afforded me a lot of time to find the right fixtures at the right price. There are lots of sales around the holidays, so keep this in mind if you foresee a new lighting fixture in your homes not-so-distant future.. When it came time to select a lighting fixture for my sons room, I wanted something playful and bright but not too kid-centric. I scoured the Internet for ideas, and decided it would be fun to do a bright-colored antler chandelier. With his approval on the concept, I began searching for preassembled antler chandeliers that I could paint-a task that I assumed would be fairly easy to accomplish for an affordable price. I was wrong. Countless hours spent searching yielded only one ...
Pixiu are auspicious, winged animals, written about in ancient Chinese history and heralded through the millennia by fantastic stories of powerful and grandiose feats of victory in battle.[6] Their legend has been passed down through 2,000 years of Chinese lore. They have the head of a Chinese dragon, the body of a lion, and historically sport on their heads either one antler (male) or two antlers (female). In modern times, this legendary creatures historical physical appearance has been somewhat lost, and is now more commonly depicted with only one antler.[7][circular reference] Ancient Chinese descriptions, depictions and stone carvings of Pixiu from the Han Dynasty (206 BC - 220 AD) show the male with a single antler and the female with two. As with the Chinese phoenix, the common image today represents a single gender with one antler (male). Pixiu have protruding eyes and sharp teeth. There is one ancient stone sculpture variation found with hooves, but all Pixiu have wings. Many have a ...
Hello everyone! Its been a while. I was browsing the other day and I saw Ella C (i think) suggest this multivitamin. Ive been pretty turned off toward herbs lately because I hate taking a million different things. I just cant get myself to do it. But this seems like it would supply a small dose of beneficial herbs that would support my pumping. The only other things Im taking is a Japanese pig placenta supp and New Zealand deer antler velvet to support HGH and hormone production. My question is though do any of these herbal ingredients seem like they would work against nbe? From what I can remember less is better in terms of these herbs, so in theory I feel like this would be a great thing to take and very easy? Ive taken chaste tree (vitex), wild yam, and licorice with no problems. This is the name of it ...
Pita-Thomas W, Barroso-García G, Moral V, Hackett AR, Cavalli V, Nieto-Diaz M. Identification of axon growth promoters in the secretome of the deer antler velvet Neuroscience. 2016 Nov 4. pii: S0306-4522(16)30604-2 Citada en PubMed; PMID: 27818162. Sánchez-Sierra M, García-Álvarez I, Fernández-Mayoralas A, Moreno-Lillo S, Barroso García G, Moral Dardé V, Doncel-Pérez E. Mass Spectrometry in Pharmacokinetic Studies of a Synthetic Compound for Spinal Cord Injury Treatment. Biomed Res Int. 2015;2015:169234 Citada en PubMed; PMID: 26090386. SPINAL CORD INJURY INDUCES LONG-TERM CHANGES IN THE RAT SPLEEN PROTEOME Angel Arevalo-Martin, Daniel Garcia-Ovejero, Veronica M Darde, Gemma Barroso, Yolanda Sierra-Palomares, Eduardo Molina-Holgado. 3rd International Spinal Cord Repair Meeting, 6-7 noviembre 2015 Barcelona.. Multiple Reaction Monitoring analysis reveals changes in S1P-S1Preceptor axis following spinal cord injury. Ángela del Águila, Verónica M. Darde, Gemma Barroso-García, Ana ...
You just never know where life is going to take you. Jeff Musgrave started his career over thirty years ago as a Harley mechanic when a friend, who owned an antler business, asked if he could help out during a particularly busy season. Musgrave jumped at the opportunity as a creative diversion.. Turns out he had a knack. Six months turned into seven years, and in 2003 Musgrave struck out on his own, founding The Peak Antler Company. Using only naturally shed antlers, artist Jeff Musgrave highlights the unique beauty of deer, elk and moose antlers to create chandeliers, furniture, decor and most impressively, one-of-a-kind wildlife sculpture.. Here, he shares a few thoughts about his process and his art.. ...
Does antler force increase sd? - Portable Media Players Jargon Buster - Dick Smith. Libido For Her is homeopathic spray. Libido in its common usage means sexual desire.
Illegal hunting for meat, fur, and newly grown antlers-along with the warming climate-are depleting wild reindeer on Russias Taymyr Peninsula.
Although most skeletons have been found in Irish bogs, the animal was not exclusively Irish and was not closely related to either of the living species currently called elk. For this reason, the name Giant Deer is sometimes preferred.. The Irish Elk stood about 2.1 metres (6.9 ft) tall at the shoulders carrying the largest antlers of any known cervid, a maximum of 3.65 m (12.0 ft) from tip to tip and weighing up to 40 kg (88 lb). In body size, the Irish Elk matched the extant moose subspecies of Alaska (Alces alces gigas) as the largest known deer. The Irish Elk is estimated to have attained a total mass of 540-600 kg (1,190-1,320 lb), with large specimens having weighed 700 kg (1,500 lb) or more, roughly similar to the Alaskan Moose. A significant collection of M. giganteus skeletons can be found at the Natural History Museum in Dublin.. The size of Irish Elk antlers are distinctive, and several theories have arisen as to their evolution. One theory was that their antlers, under constant and ...
The objective of this study was to describe the histology and histomorphometry of testis and epididymisof muntjac (Muntiacus muntjak muntjak) during hard antler period. The tissues of the testis and epididymisof an adult male muntjac were processed for histological examination and stained with haematoxylineosine(HE). The parenchyma of muntjacs testis during hard antler period showed tubuli seminiferi waslined with germinal epithelium: spermatogonia, spermatocyte, spermatid that differentiated intospermatozoa. Sertoli cells were found among the germinal cells. In addition, Leydig cells were foundaround the blood vessel of interstitial tissue along with macrophages. Diameter of the seminiferous tubuleand epithelial thickness were 176,60±7,06 ?m and 50,27±3,62 ?m respectively. The epididymal duct wassubdivided into three segments: caput, corpus and cauda. They were lined predominantly withpseudostratified columnar epithelium which was varied in its thickness. The largest diameter of ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Antleroma in a Free-ranging White-tailed Deer (Odocoileus virginianus). AU - Munk, Brandon A.. AU - Garrison, E.. AU - Clemons, B.. AU - Keel, Michael K. PY - 2015/1/29. Y1 - 2015/1/29. N2 - A 2-year-old male free-ranging white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) was diagnosed with bilateral expansile tumors of antler origin. The deer was found dead by a landowner in High Springs, Florida. Two roughly spherical, multilobular, broad-based, bony, velvet-covered masses originated from each antler pedicle. These masses replaced or displaced many of the bones and soft tissues of the skull and extended through the left cribriform plate and the right petrous temporal bone, compressing portions of the brain. Microscopically, the masses closely resembled normal-growing antler, containing all the elements thereof but with areas of necrosis and hemorrhage suggestive of ischemi or trauma. Tumorlike outgrowths termed antleromas have been described in free-ranging and captive cervids and ...
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In an attempt to establish reference values for sperm morphology in wild red deer, genital tracts were collected from thirty-six 3-11 years old free-ranging, wild red deer stags (Cervus elaphus L) shot down during 3 consecutive mating seasons (1996-1998) at three different environmental regions of Poland, defining two major ecotypes: (i) highland (outer eastern Carpathian range, Bieszczady mountains) and, (ii) lowland (Mazuria and Pomerania) and studied within 4.5h-49h after death for testis (T), epididymides (E) and vesicular gland (VG) variables. Spermatozoa collected from the E-cauda were examined for motility and morphology (light and electron microscopy levels). Both T size and weight and VS-weight differed with age (P,0.05-0.01) while habitat influenced T size and weight (P,0.01) a well as sperm motility (P,0.05). Neither sperm numbers nor morphology showed significant differences, mostly owing to. the large variation recorded among stags (range 1-72%). Domain-grouped sperm morphological ...
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Whitetail Supplies : Gift Certificate FAQ - EHD & MIDGE CONTROL FAWN CARE FEED / GRAIN MIXERS & BINS DEER FENCE & FENCING TOOLS DEER HANDLING SYSTEMS / MOVEMENT ARTIFICIAL INSEMINATION TRANQUILIZATION HEALTH CARE / VACCINES / DRUGS FAWN MILK REPLACER FEED SUPPLEMENTS PROBIOTICS HEAD GEAR PRODUCTS ANTLER GROWTH Whitetail, Deer, Fawn, Doe, Buck, Farm, Breeder, Breeding, Supplies, Supply, Products, equipment, resources, consulting, Cervid, Elk, Goat, Sheep, Vaccines, Vaccinations, Vaccinate, Medicines, Pharmaceuticals, Fencing, Tools, Handling, Feed, Grain, Supplements, Milk Replacer, Health Care, Drugs, Tranquilization, Artificial Insemination, Cidrs, Ear Tags, Dewormers, Midge, Culicoides, insect control, EHD, epizootic hemorrhagic disease, prevention, Blue Tongue Virus, Mosquito, West nile, Commercial, Mist Sprayer, Commercial Fogging, ULV Fogger, Fogging, London Fogger, Adapco Fogger, Permethrin, Fallow, Sika, Mule Deer, Axis Deer, Red Deer, Stag, Bull Elk, Cow Elk
Adult male stag beetles emerge in May or June, depending on the weather, followed shortly after by the females. The male has strong wings underneath the wing cases (elytra) and he flies at dusk in search of females. The flight can be rather erratic and the beetle sometimes flies indoors through open windows or doors, attracted by the light - and sometimes he bumps into things and crash lands.. When the male has found a female, he lifts his head, opens his antlers wide and walks around her, showing himself off. If two males are interested in the same female, they will fight each other, using their antlers like a male deer. The stronger of the two turns the other onto his back and the loser retreats. Injuries are rare as the encounter is more of a display of aggression than a dangerous fight.. After mating, the female finds some moist decaying wood in which to lay her eggs. She prefers oak woodlands but where these are scarce she will seek out logs and old tree stumps in parks, gardens and ...
IMPORTANT: We are going on vacation starting November 8, please note the shop will still be open and orders can be made however we will be increasing our processing and shipping times. J Forensic Sci. LARGE STAG HEAD REAL ANTLERS SKULL DEER BUCK TAXIDERMY WALL ART MOUNT BONE STAGS. Maybe a younger one? Horse and Deer Skulls: Bone Clones offers several species of deer skulls and one horse skull. Anatomy of a Whitetail Deer. I Googled Mule Deer Pelvis and that looks pretty close also. Oct 24, 2018 - Explore Laura 5cotts board Georgia OKeeffe - Skulls, Pelvis, Antlers and Bones on Pinterest. £7.50 postage. It was so sharp, I even used it to open up the sternum on our last deer tonight and it … 1-16 of 52 results for deer pelvic saw Skip to main search results Eligible for Free Shipping. We specialize in precise, museum-quality replica human and animal skulls and skeletons. I recommend learning six muscles that make prominent bulges beneath the skin and fur. These bones are versatile! Deer ...
Readers have turned up another photo documenting European fallow deer in Mariposa County.. The photo that appears with this update was posted on the GAZETTEs Facebook page on Aug. 12 by Shelly Sprague Jouett. The photo was taken by Spragues husband off Agua Fria Road this past spring.. The presence of the European deer in Mariposa County seems to be a recent development. According to a 2012 California Fish and Wildlife report, only about 500 of the deer were known to be in the entire state--most around Point Reyes National Recreation Area. Additional fallow deer have been documented in Mendocino County ...
Hunting season is here and the Animal Health Diagnostic Center is accepting hunter-harvested submissions for CWD testing for $65 per sample (deer head).. What do I submit?. We need the deer head for testing. Remove the head at the first vertebrae behind the skull. If you harvest a buck, cut off the antlers at the base or the skull plate with a saw before submitting. You will not be able to get the antlers back if you submit them to the lab.. When should I submit the deer head?. Submit the head as soon as possible after harvesting the deer. Do not freeze. Do not wait until the deer hangs for several days to submit.. How do I package the head?. Follow the detailed shipping instructions provided to ensure that you are complying with federal regulations. The head must be contained in three leak-proof bags with ice packs and absorbent material so assemble these items before you begin handling the head.. Where can I drop the head off?. You can drop the head off at the Animal Health Diagnostic Center, ...
Get Christmas ,Hats,, Reindeer Antlers, Santa ,Hat,, Holiday Bandanas And Christmas Head Bands. Dress up for the holiday season in fun Christmas ,hats, from Oriental Trading. Kids and adults will enjoy these unique Santa ,hats,, Christmas headbands, holiday ,hats, and bandanas. Youll find reindeer antlers, a variety of stocking ,caps, and holiday head ..., Womens ,Hats For Sale,. We offer a vast selection of stylish ,hats, for women. Elevate your personal style by shopping our assortment of trendy headwear. Weve got a fantastic selection of beautiful feminine ,hats, including wide brims, berets, boaters, fashion ,caps,, and a whole lot more!
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The Bisoni-McKay area, a structurally isolated, fault-bounded horst, offset eastward at the south end of the Fish Creek Range, displays a geologic terrane that
I started blogging about six years ago, my main blog now being 67 Not Out - the initial idea was to write about coincidences and synchronicity but I then moved on to other themes as well and currently write about things that interest me: the mysteries of life for example - what the heck is it all really about ...
Engineers looking to nature for inspiration have long assumed that layered structures like those found in mollusk shells enhance a materials toughness, but a study shows thats not always the case.
Thujas 2002 album, Hills, emerged out of a particularly productive phase for the loose assemblage of musicians known as the Jewelled Antler Collective. Extant since the late 1990s, formed in San Francisco, Jewelled Antler had developed out of a certain disaffection with how independent music had ossified, become aesth
Most complementary therapies used by people with rheumatoid arthritis are not effective, a study has suggested. CLICK & SEE. The Arthritis Research Campaign looked at the scientific evidence available for 40 treatments. Two thirds of treatments for rheumatoid arthritis and a fifth of treatments for osteoarthritis were found to be ineffective by the researchers.. The Arthritis Research Campaign said it wanted people who used the therapies to know what evidence was available.. Rheumatoid arthritis is caused by inflammation of the lining (synovium) of the joints. Osteoarthritis is caused by the breakdown of protective tissue called cartilage in the joints. Inflammation results when the unprotected bones of the joint begin to rub together.. It most commonly affects the joints of the fingers, knees, hips, and spine.. In total, 60% of people with arthritis are thought to use some form of complementary medicine.. Antler velvet The researchers looked at compounds taken by the mouth or applied to the ...
These are our favorite sounds of November. November is full swing and for many outdoorsmen and women, this is their favorite time of year due to hunting season. Most deer ruts, both whitetail and mule deer are in full swing. Antlers are clashing and there are so many vocalizations you can only h ...
Velvet In memory of my father The first super moon of summer is called the Buck Moon. It rises in the weeks when young male deer begin to grow antlers, begin to
Nicotinamide enhances skin flap survival.: The effects of nicotinamide in an abdominal island pedicle skin flap were examined. A 7 x 7 cm island pedicle skin fl
Fallow Deer. The prints left are usually very clear. Learn more. Habitat: Acid soils such as conifer woodlands, moorland and heath. Shoulder height: Up to 94cm (females up to 91cm). Looks like you already have an account! Identifying animal tracks. Sambar deer footprints in fine gravel / gritty sand, beside a 0.5 mm lead point pencil. Escapees quickly spread through Britain, forming strongholds in much of Scotland. This native British deer is rusty brown in the summer months, turning grey, pale brown or … Males rut in breeding season, while courtship between the buck and doe involves chasing. During the autumnal breeding season, known as the rut, males bellow to proclaim their territory and will fight over the females, sometimes injuring each other with their sharp antlers. Choose from over a million free vectors, clipart graphics, vector art images, design templates, and illustrations created by artists worldwide! Take note of the size of the tracks. Footprints in the snow . ...
Fabric Mart carries velvet fabric by the yard at discounted prices. Velvet knits for cosplay and costumers, luxurious burnout silk velvets and cotton velveteen are common types our online fabric store carries.
Woodland caribou (Rangifer tarandus caribou) are medium-sized (100 250 kg) members of the deer family. The taxonomy (classification) and systematics (evolutionary history) of caribou in Canada are uncertain. Based on mitochondrial DNA, caribou in North America evolved from two founding groups (clades) that differentiated in isolation during the last (Wisconsinan) glaciation.
Woodland caribou (Rangifer tarandus caribou) are medium-sized (100 250 kg) members of the deer family. The taxonomy (classification) and systematics (evolutionary history) of caribou in Canada are uncertain. Based on mitochondrial DNA, caribou in North America evolved from two founding groups (clades) that differentiated in isolation during the last (Wisconsinan) glaciation.
Red deer cadaver (Cervus elaphus). Fuentes Carrionas y Fuente del Cobre Natural Park..Palencia, Castile and Leon, Spain, Europe.
Read Mechanisms of changes in population numbers of Caucasian red deer (Cervus elaphus maral) in the northwestern Caucasus, Russian Journal of Ecology on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips.
Comparison of GTG-banded cattle, sheep, goat, and fallow deer chromosomes showed conformity of G-banding patterns for chromosomes of fallow deer. In Bovidae species, autosomes were shown that were involved in centric fusion, giving a metacentric pair in fallow deer. Twenty-two microsatellite...
:( Hi all, I aint in a good humour today. Pig sick, gutted and damn right annoyed. I had an accident in my sri last night, I ran down a small deer and it has knocked the out of my front bumper. I was going along a single track back road and this beast came out of nowhere. Was doing about 60 at the time, slammed on the anchors and must have hit the deer at approx 30mph. On checking damage in daylight I see that there is also 3 small dents on my bonnet, where the deers head with antlers had
These Reindeer napkins are taking Christmas to a whole new level! Celebrate the season with these festive napkins with a stylish reindeer with red nose and embellished gold foil antlers. 16 count.
/PRNewswire/ -- New Zealand deer velvet supplier Velvet Energy UK has given its support to a multi-million dollar investment made by one of South Koreas...
Clubs, stones and sticks were the primary hunting tools during the Upper Paleolithic period. Bone, antler and ivory points have all been found at sites in France; but proper stone arrowheads and throwing spears did not appear until the Solutrean period (~20,000 Before Present). Due to the primitive tools, many animals were hunted at close range.[19] The typical artefact of Gravettian industry, once considered diagnostic, is the small pointed blade with a straight blunt back. They are today known as the Gravette point,[20] and were used to hunt big game. Gravettians used nets to hunt small game, and are credited with inventing the bow and arrow.[8]. Gravettian settlers tended towards the valleys that pooled migrating prey.[19] Examples found through discoveries in Gr. La Gala, a site in Southern Italy, show a strategic settlement based in a small valley.[21] As the settlers became more aware of the migration patterns of animals like red deer, they learned that prey herd in valleys, thereby ...
Rhus typhina is more commonly known as Stags horn sumach due to the branches being reminiscent of a stags antlers. It is a large suckering deciduous shrub that can grow up to 8m, the red-hairy stems with large pinnate leaves turning pretty shades of red and orange in the autumn. It is dioecious and on female plants, yellow-green flowers are followed on by dense crimson berries that are a high source of vitamin C. It can grow in a wide array of habitats and can thrive in dry and poor soil, making it a great choice for these conditions. To order this plant please contact us [email protected] ...
Food supply dictates the movements of these Deer, but so does the rut season. Each fall males will fight each other for the breeding rights of females within a territory. They move from place to place breeding with as many females as they can (and if they do not get pregnant the female will mate with more than one male). At the end of the season the males lose their antlers and begin to grow a new pair that will be ready for battle next rut season ...
Lucanus cervus is the best-known species of stag beetle (family Lucanidae) in Western Europe, and is the eponymous example of the genus. L. cervus is listed as Near Threatened by the IUCN Red List. L. cervus is situated in the genus Lucanus within the family Lucanidae. In the genus there are two subgenera: Lucanus Scopoli, 1763 and Pseudolucanus Hope and Westwood, 1845. The species L. cervus contains four subspecies. The nominate subspecies L. cervus cervus (Linnaeus, 1758) was established via the original description of the species in 1758. The three latterly added subspeices are: L. cervus judaicus Planet, 1900, L. cervus laticornis Deyrolle, 1864, and L. cervus turcicus Sturm, 1843. Sexually dimorphic, the males have enlarged mandibles and are larger than the females. Although the males mandibles seem threatening, they are too weak to be harmful. Nevertheless, females can inflict a painful bite. The resemblance of the males mandibles to the horns of a stag, and their use in combat between ...
61 This issue of the News was again printed at the Mercersburg. Journals plant, the old press having broken down in the middle of the press run last week. The old press, weighing about 14 tons, has been dismantled and junked and delivery of a new press is expected on Monday.. Three men were injured in hunting accidents on Monday, the first day of deer season. Emido Tavoletti of Carnegie, Pa., was hit by a stray bullet while hunting in Buck Valley and suffered a severe fracture of the left leg below the knee; Paul Hendershot of Warfordsburg suffered severe damage to the right eye when he stooped over a buck he had just shot and the buck reared its head striking him in the eye with its antler; the third hunter, Harvey Stains of Three Springs, suffered a dislocation of the shoulder when he fell while hunting.. Donald Martin, local A&P manager, after 20 years of buck hunting, killed his first buck on Monday, a prize specimen weighing 155 pounds with a large eight-point rack. The editor notes in ...
Egads! The horrors! Fireplace? right! The reindeer actually reminds me of Max, the Grinchs dog, when he ties his ears up to put on the reindeer antlers. And does it have a mouth AND a weird red squiggle? Thats one of the strangest things ever. I would think the red squiggle thing would be a nose...but it also has a anyway you look at it, this animal has an extra appendage on its face...Or it got a little crazy at the Reindeer Christmas party and has some frosting still on its face ...
Egads! The horrors! Fireplace? right! The reindeer actually reminds me of Max, the Grinchs dog, when he ties his ears up to put on the reindeer antlers. And does it have a mouth AND a weird red squiggle? Thats one of the strangest things ever. I would think the red squiggle thing would be a nose...but it also has a anyway you look at it, this animal has an extra appendage on its face...Or it got a little crazy at the Reindeer Christmas party and has some frosting still on its face ...
In 1933, there were 45 local units of the Antlers with 3,584 members. However, the Antlers numbers were decimated during the ... Antlers[edit]. Despite its 1907 resolution banning any auxiliaries, the Elks at one point had a youth affiliate for young men ... Schmidt p. 44 Schmidt's main source is "The Antlers" in James R. Nicholson and Lee A. Donaldson, History of the Order of Elks ... Despite 86 local Antlers groups still existing in 1946, the Grand Lodge deleted all reference to them in their constitution and ...
Some say spiked-antler deer should be culled from the population to produce larger branching antler genetics (antler size does ... Males regrow their antlers every year. About one in 10,000 females also has antlers, although this is usually associated with ... Typical antlers are symmetrical and the points grow straight up off the main beam. Atypical antlers are asymmetrical and the ... antler characteristics (e.g., number of points, length, or thickness of the antlers) are not good indicators of buck age, in ...
Once the antler has achieved its full size, the velvet is lost and the antler's bone dies. This dead bone structure is the ... Each antler grows from an attachment point on the skull called a pedicle. While an antler is growing, it is covered with highly ... Antlers were unique to cervids and found mostly on males: only caribou and reindeer have antlers on the females, and these were ... Antlers (such as on deer) were derived from bone tissue: when mature, the skin and fur covering of the antlers, termed "velvet ...
Antlers of Caspian red deer carry large bez tines and form less-developed cups than western European red deer, their antlers ... Only the stags have antlers, which start growing in the spring and are shed each year, usually at the end of winter. Antlers ... Antlers, which are made of bone, can grow at a rate of 2.5 cm (1 in) a day. While an antler is growing, it is covered with ... the velvet is shed and the antlers stop growing. With the approach of autumn, the antlers begin to calcify and the stags' ...
Notes Appearances in the J. League Cup "Taiki Yamada" (in Japanese). Kashima Antlers. Retrieved 28 March 2021. Taiki Yamada at ... is a Japanese footballer currently playing as a goalkeeper for Kashima Antlers. As of 28 March 2021. ...
Nagoya Grampus and Kashima Antlers. It was announced on 4 September 2012 that Shoji would be joining Kashima Antlers from 1 ... He helped Kashima Antlers kept three clean sheets between 19 August 2017 and 9 September 2017. Ueda then scored his third goal ... "2016明治安田生命J1リーグ 1stステージ 第2節 サガン鳥栖戦" (in Japanese). Kashima Antlers. 5 March 2016. Archived from the original on 13 April 2020. ... Ueda made his first-team debut for Kashima Antlers in the J. League Cup on 23 March 2013 against F.C. Tokyo in which he
Crystal Antlers • War Tapes • Frank Farfield • Graham Forest • Nodzz • Witch Hats • Rusty Lazer Comedy: Bob Odenkirk • Jeff ... Crystal Antlers • Woods • Telepathe • Peanut Butter Wolf • Japanther • the Strange Boys • Cold Cave • Kurt Vile • Avi Buffalo ... Crystal Antlers • Mikal Cronin • The Underachievers • Lemuria • Waxahatchee Comedians: Doug Benson • Brendon Small • Brett ...
レナト選手の期限付き移籍期間が満了 (Press release) (in Japanese). Kashima Antlers. 2012-12-30. 曾诚、赵鹏、弋腾正式加盟广
"Antlers×スカパー!スペシャルインタビュー 柴崎 岳" (in Japanese). Kashima Antlers. 27 February 2015. Archived from the original on 13 April 2020. ... Shibasaki captained Kashima Antlers for the first time in his career and led the side win 3-1 against Sagan Tosu in the J. ... His departure was confirmed by Kashima Antlers the next day. He was linked with a move to Las Palmas but chose instead to join ... In the J.League Cup Final against Shimizu S-Pulse, Shibasaki started and scored twice in the game, as Kashima Antlers won 2-1 ...
Agnes Mission, Antlers, Oklahoma St. Boniface Indian School, Banning, California St. Elizabeth's Boarding School, Purcell, ... Stewart, Paul (November 26, 1931). "Choctaw Council House, Tuskahoma, Oklahoma". Antlers American. Retrieved January 30, 2015. ...
"Crystal Antlers". Allmusic. Allmusic. Phares, Heather. "Crystal Castles". Allmusic. Allmusic. Phares, Heather. "Cults". ... Cramps The Cranberries Crash Test Dummies The Creatures Creed The Cribs Croc Shop Crooked Fingers Crowded House Crystal Antlers ...
"Black Antlers". Archived from the original on 17 December 2007. Retrieved 1 March 2007. "The Ape Of Naples". ... Coil finally released Black Antlers in June 2004. In contrast to many of their earlier releases, Coil's later material is ... In August 2006, the rare CD-R releases, The Remote Viewer and Black Antlers, were "sympathetically remastered" and expanded ... on the album Black Antlers Coil dedicated a song to Sun Ra and covered a song by Bam Bam. Coil's influence on electronic music ...
"1998 Graduation Edition". Antlers American. 1998. Wesley, Summer. "Biography". Tears of Fire. The National Library of Poetry. ...
... awkward antlers; awkward tent; awkward turkey; and awkward turtle makes babies). The gesture is likely used in most cases ...
Kashima Antlers won 7-6 in penalty shootout, after drawing 2-2 in the ninety minutes of play. The Suruga Bank Championship is ... It was contested by Japanese club Kashima Antlers, the 2011 J.League Cup champion, and Chilean club Universidad de Chile, the ... "スルガ銀行チャンピオンシップ 2012 IBARAKI" (in Japanese). Kashima Antlers. 1 August 2012. "Copa Suruga Bank: La 'U' de Chile cayó en los ... "La "U" de Chile enfrentará al Kashima Antlers por la Copa Suruga Bank 2012" (in Spanish). CONMEBOL. 19 December 2011. "Copa ...
Kyoto Sanga Emperor's Cup Runner-up : 2011 Kashima Antlers J1 League (1): 2016 Emperor's Cup (1): 2016 J. League Cup (1): 2015 ... Kashima Antlers. Retrieved 4 January 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Nippon Sports Kikaku Publishing inc./日本スポーツ企 ... Profile at Kashima Antlers v t e. ...
"首藤慎一・佐々木竜太選手の期限付き移籍について , 鹿島アントラーズ オフィシャルサイト". 鹿島アントラーズ オフィシャルサイト , KASHIMA ANTLERS. "首藤慎一選手が水戸ホーリーホックに完全移籍 , 鹿島アントラーズ ... In 2007, he returned to Antlers. In 2008, he moved to J2 League club Mito HollyHock. However he could hardly play in the match ... He joined J1 League
Agnes Mission, Antlers, Oklahoma St. Boniface Indian School, Banning, California St. Elizabeth's Boarding School, Purcell, ... Antlers American. Retrieved 30 January 2015. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Wright, Muriel H. (December 1934). " ...
"Arthur Caíke :: Arthur Caíke do Nascimento Cruz :: Kashima Antlers". (in Breton). Retrieved 1 May 2021.. ... "Cruzeiro rescinde com Arthur Caíke, que é apresentado pelo Kashima Antlers". TNT Sports (in Portuguese). Retrieved 3 May 2021 ... is a Brazilian footballer who plays as a forward for Kashima Antlers. Born in Barbalha, Ceará, Arthur made his senior debut for ... with the club before the end of the season and in January 2021 it was announced he was joining J1 League club Kashima Antlers. ...
On 15 January 2021, Santos president Andrés Rueda announced the sale of Pituca to Japanese club Kashima Antlers. Antlers ... "ディエゴ ピトゥカ選手が完全移籍で加入" [Diego Pituca joins with full transfer] (in Japanese). Kashima Antlers. 21 January 2021. Retrieved 22 ... is a Brazilian footballer who plays for Japanese club Kashima Antlers. Mainly a defensive midfielder, he can also play as a ...
Kashima Antlers drew 3-3, resulting Kashima Antlers reaching the AFC Champions League Final for the first time. However, Uchida ... Kashima Antlers went on to finish third place in the league. At the end of the 2019 season, he went on to make twelve ... "Emperor's Cup win gives Antlers double". The Japan Times. 3 January 2008. Retrieved 18 October 2017. "[天皇杯決勝]鹿島が7年ぶりの天皇杯制覇!" ( ... Uchida started his career with Kashima Antlers, making his debut in 2006 at the age of 17. After four years and three J1 League ...
"The Antlers". Archived from the original on July 11, 2013. Pack, MM (October 23, 2003). "The Killing Fields: A culinary history ... In 1993,[citation needed] the house was moved to Kingsland, Texas, and restored to become a restaurant at The Antlers Hotel. ...
The Antlers; The Growlers; The Ridges; The Vespers; The Walkmen; Tim Easton; Turbo Fruits; Unknown Mortal Orchestra; Wild Belle ...
"Early Cretaceous; North America; "Texas" and "Oklahoma;" Antlers Formation." Weishampel, et al. (2004). Pg. 555. "Aréen ...
"柴崎選手 日本代表メンバー辞退のお知らせ , 鹿島アントラーズ オフィシャルサイト". 鹿島アントラーズ オフィシャルサイト , KASHIMA ANTLERS
"Early Cretaceous; North America; "Texas" and "Oklahoma;" Antlers Formation." Weishampel, et al. (2004). Pg. 555. "Aréen ...
Kashima Antlers - 26 August 2020 - Soccerway". Retrieved 4 April 2021. "FC Tokyo 1-2 Kashima Antlers , ... KASHIMA ANTLERS (in Japanese). Retrieved 4 April 2021. "Sanfrecce Hiroshima vs. Kashima Antlers - 23 February 2020 - Soccerway ... "Kashima Antlers vs. Melbourne Victory - 28 January 2020 - Soccerway". Retrieved 4 April 2021. "Brazil - Juan ... "Juan Alano :: Juan Matheus Alano Nascimento :: Kashima Antlers". (in Breton). Retrieved 3 April 2021. Juan ...
CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "Kashima Antlers sign Shuto Yamamoto from Jubilo Iwata". Kashima Antlers. 14 December ... Profile at Kashima Antlers v t e. ...
"Kashima Antlers vs. Ulsan - 21 February 2017 - Soccerway". Retrieved 12 March 2021. "All my work paid off, ... He then signed for the champions Kashima Antlers for the 2017 season. It wasn't long before tasting success, as Kashima won the ... "Kashima Antlers vs. Urawa Reds - 18 February 2017 - Soccerway". "Summary - J1 League - Japan - Results, ... "Kashima Antlers vs. Real Madrid - 19 December 2018 - Soccerway". Retrieved 12 March 2021. Nippon Sports ...
Johnson, Janis (10 July 1980). "Antlers Aweigh! Pet Farm Is Back, Full of Soft Touches". The Washington Post. ProQuest ...
... the presence of horns and antlers. From the mythical uni ... The Antler as a Model in Biomedical Research George A. Bubenik ... The Annual Antler Cycle of the European Roe Deer (Capreolus capreolus) in Relation to the Reproductive Cycle ... Part of that ancient interest in antlers and horns was due to their value as sym- bols of masculinity; this interest persists ... Epigenetical, Morphological, Physiological, and Behavioral Aspects of Evolution of Horns, Pronghorns, and Antlers ...
The Antlers: Tiny Desk Concert For much of the past year, the band has stunned live audiences with its extraordinary range, ... When a group of us from the NPR Music team caught a show by The Antlers in Washington, D.C., a year ago, the band was still ... This past fall, when The Antlers played a sold-out concert at the CMJ Festival in New York, the group stunned listeners with ... Back in January 2009, hardly anyone had heard of the rock band The Antlers. The trio, featuring Peter Silberman, Michael Lerner ...
Lyrics to Two by The Antlers: In the middle of the night I was sleeping sitting up, / When a doctor came to tell me, Enough is ...
"Vancouver Film - "Antlers", "The 100", "Siren"". Retrieved March 15, 2019. "UPDATE: Scott Coopers Antlers Produced By ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Official website Antlers at IMDb Antlers at AllMovie. ... Antlers is an upcoming supernatural horror film directed by Scott Cooper and starring Keri Russell, Jesse Plemons, Jeremy T. ... Erbland, Kate (August 20, 2019). "Antlers First Trailer: Scott Cooper and Guillermo del Toro Bring Supernatural Terror to a ...
Antlers is an unincorporated community in Garfield County, in the U.S. state of Colorado. A post office called Antlers was in ... The community derives its name from the Antlers Hotel (Colorado). U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: ... Antlers, Colorado "Post offices". Jim Forte Postal History. Archived from the original on 6 March 2016. Retrieved 22 June 2016 ...
Antlers reach Asian Champions League knockout stage despite loss to Bluewings. The Kashima Antlers lost 1-0 to the Suwon ... Antlers beat Sydney to remain unbeaten in Asian Champions League. Kashima Antlers remained unbeaten in their Asian Champions ... Naoki Ishihara helps Vegalta claim win over Antlers. Naoki Ishihara scored in the second minute to give Vegalta Sendai an early ... Kashima Antlers took a step toward the Asian Champions League quarterfinals Wednesday night by beating Shanghai SIPG 3-1 in the ...
Loop AREA ANTLERS in Antlers at Shasta-Trinity National Forest with ...
God and antlers on The Spectator , Two things fill the mind with ever new and increasing admiration and awe, the oftener and ... Genetics, God and antlers. Two things fill the mind with ever new and increasing admiration and awe, the oftener and more ... He produced a clever game-theoretical argument to explain why deer have such silly looking antlers: they are like that ...
... using its antlers to knock its favorite fruit from the top of a tree. ... This clever deer in France was filmed getting up on its hind legs, using its antlers to knock its favorite fruit from the top ... Deer uses antlers to get fruit from a tree. Duration: 00:56 2017-10-06. ...
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Dogs can fracture their teeth by chewing on antlers, bones and anything else that doesnt dent when pressed with a fingernail, ... Dogs can fracture their teeth by chewing on antlers, bones and anything else that doesnt dent when pressed with a fingernail, ...
Hard Antler. Antlers are often mistaken as horns. However this is misleading, since horns are permanent, where as antlers are ... Other times, one antler may fall off before the other. The antlers will begin growing again in March. Antler size is determined ... Bucks keep their antlers moist by rubbing them through leaves and mud; this process is called horning. This keeps the antlers ... Antlers are a bucks crowning glory. Most researchers agree that antlers evolved as a weapon to gain dominance over other bucks ...
The Antlers - Atrophy (Sybarite remix) (MP3) (via) DOWNLOAD: Bell Horses - Still Life (ML on drums) (MP3) Bell Horses is a left ... Alexander Ericson, Bell Horses, Hob Nob Wine, Jenny Owen Youngs, Michael Lerner, Sybarite, The Antlers ... DOWNLOAD: The Antlers - Atrophy (Sybarite remix) (MP3) (via). DOWNLOAD: Bell Horses - Still Life (ML on drums) (MP3) ... Grab Sybarite's Antlers remix, courtesy of Hob Nob Wines where the track first premiered, above. A Bell Horses track, ...
Also from The Antlers * 10 Years of The Antlers Hospice, Indie Rocks Emotional Breakthrough Album for the Ages By Steven ... Listen to The Antlers at Daytrotter on This Day in 2009 By Ellen Johnson October 30, 2018 , 11:26am ... Peter Silberman of The Antlers Shares Stunning "New York" Video By Paul Rohrbach January 10, 2017 , 6:05pm ... The Antlers: Hospice: 10th Anniversary Edition Review. By Lee Zimmerman , March 5, 2019 , 12:00pm ...
"Deer antler velvet has been used for hundreds of generations in the eastern world, and now people across the world will be able ... Gevirs deer antler is all sustainably harvested at its deer farms in New Zealand. Velvet grows on the deer every single year, ... Gevir, a company based out of New Zealand that creates a unique line of supplements made from pure New Zealand deer antler ... Gevir, a company based out of New Zealand that creates a unique line of supplements made from pure New Zealand deer antler ...
Each antler is filled with soft marrow and contains essential nut... ... Barkworthies Elk Antlers are highly durable and will last hours or days for even the most aggressive chewer. ... Barkworthies Elk Antlers are highly durable and will last hours or days for even the most aggressive chewer. Each antler is ... Rated 4 out of 5 by MeganS from Good Product Really liked the quality of this antler, I wanted to use it as a chew for my new ...
The Antlers - Atrophy Lyrics. Youve been living awhile in the front of my skull, making orders. Youve been writing me rules, ... The Antlers Lyrics provided by Note: When you embed the widget in your site, it will match your sites styles ( ...
Antlers or Feng Shui - How Typically German Are the Germans?. Sausages or Asian food? Antlers or feng shui? As the world grows ... When the cuckoo clock strikes six, Inge has dusted the antlers and Horst has washed the car and mown the lawn. Supper is served ...
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Unlike antlers, horns are permanent and not seasonally shed. Another distinguishing factor from bone and antler are the fine ... "Bone, Antler, Ivory, and Teeth" (PDF). Minnesota Historical Society. Retrieved 24 April 2016. "Anthropology: Bone, Antler, and ... Antler, which is a modified form of bone, grows out of the skull bones of certain species of animals and is shed once a year. ... Similar to bone, antler can be used in its natural form, be polished with abrasives for a glossy surface, and be treated with a ...
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Those objects that were simply marked as "came," such as these elk antlers, thirteen red fox skins, and the horns and ears of ... "1 These antlers probably came from one of the fifty elk the expedition members killed over the winter of 1804-1805 in the Fort ... the elk antlers now in the Entrance Hall at Monticello, listed on Lewiss invoice as "1 large par [sic] of Elks horns ... 3 Descriptions left by visitors in Jeffersons lifetime place the antlers on the walls of the Entrance Hall beside those of a ...
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Antlers are specialised bone structures that transition from the skull into external features through the skin, but do not ... The key to their organic survival is tiny, porous holes in the antler bone, allowing skin to grow into it and tightly infuse ... However, by studying nature, scientists discovered a solution to this problem in the form of deer antlers. ...
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  • Velvet antler does not refer to the velvety "skin" on growing antlers, but rather the whole cartilaginous antler in a pre-calcified stage. (
  • Velvet antler has often been regarded as having performance enhancing effects on the human body. (
  • According to Russian scientist Korobkov (1974, cited by Fulder 1980b) with regards to the use of velvet antler in athletes, the action is primarily aimed at accelerating the restorative processes after intensive activity and at increasing the body's resistance to unfavorable external influences. (
  • In essence, pantocrin and other naturally occurring substances in velvet antler have served to accelerate the body's natural restorative processes. (
  • In studies with Russian kayakers, weightlifters, bodybuilders and power lifters, Dr. Koltun found that velvet antler has both myotropic (increases muscular strength) and neurotropic (nerve strengthening) properties. (
  • Haematopoietic effects of velvet antler have been demonstrated in numerous experiments (Kim and Park 1992). (
  • Preparations of velvet antler have been shown to stimulate red blood cell synthesis and increase erythropoietic activity in cases of drug- induced anemia in rabbits and rats (Yoon 1989). (
  • It seems likely that such erythropoietic activity may welt be responsible for at least part of the stamina-improving effects of velvet antler preparations in distance runners. (
  • The performance enhancing effects of velvet antler are likely the results of increasing the circulating levels of androgens (testosterone and its metabolites) in the blood of these athletes. (
  • There is now considerable evidence for the gonadotrophic effects of velvet antler (Fennessy 1991). (
  • Velvet antler preparations pantocrine and rantarin have all been shown to have androgenic effects in castrated rats. (
  • Natural News ) Taking velvet antler as a dietary supplement can protect your lungs from sustaining acute injuries, reported Taiwanese researchers in a NutraIngredients-USA article . (
  • Searching for natural ways of preventing the onset of ALI, China Medical University (CMU) researchers investigated velvet antler as a possible functional food. (
  • Velvet antler is the underdeveloped cartilaginous antler of a deer such as the red deer ( Cervus elpahus ). (
  • For centuries, velvet antler has been employed as a traditional medicine in China and Korea. (
  • The CMU researchers studied the possible protective effect of an aqueous extract derived from velvet antler. (
  • In their paper, they reported that mice pre-treated with aqueous velvet antler for five days were protected from the toxic effects of lipopolysaccharides. (
  • The findings suggested that aqueous velvet antler can suppress inflammation in vivo. (
  • The protective effect of aqueous velvet antler may be related to its ability to depress reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation, enhance antioxidant status, and regulate pro-inflammatory cytokine production," the researchers concluded in their paper. (
  • Get the latest news on natural health supplements - such as velvet antler - at . (
  • Visit for more information about the elk velvet antler products we carry. (
  • Qeva's Elk Velvet Antler is used in traditional Chinese Medicine to reinforce kidney yang, replenish vital essence and blood and strengthen the tendons and bones. (
  • Antlers, composed of bone, are the fastest-growing tissue in the animal kingdom-they grow an average of 1 to 2 inches per week during the spring and summer! (
  • Antlers are very similar to bone. (
  • The conservation and restoration of bone, horn, and antler objects is the preservation of objects made from or containing these organic materials by preventative methods and treatments. (
  • Many museums contain objects in their collection that are made of either bone, antler or horn. (
  • Antler, which is a modified form of bone, grows out of the skull bones of certain species of animals and is shed once a year. (
  • It is also denser and heavier Antler also differs from bone in its external appearance. (
  • Skeletal Bone is usually smooth except for areas of attachment while the surface of larger antlers generally has raised bumps and protrusions. (
  • Similar to bone, antler can be used in its natural form, be polished with abrasives for a glossy surface, and be treated with a burned process for a charred finish and color. (
  • Another distinguishing factor from bone and antler are the fine parallel lines that are present in the surface of the horn. (
  • In general, the same preparation process can be applied to bone, horn, and antler for conversion into usable materials for tools or ornamentation. (
  • Detaching, or separating the bone, antler, or horn from the muscles and connective tissue of the animal is the first step. (
  • Working the bone, antler, or horn into the desired shape and finish is the final step. (
  • There are numerous causes for the deterioration of bone, antler, and horn. (
  • Of the many animal natural history specimens sent to Jefferson by Lewis and Clark, only one is extant: the elk antlers now in the Entrance Hall at Monticello, listed on Lewis's invoice as "1 large par [sic] of Elk's horns connected by the frontal bone. (
  • Antlers are specialised bone structures that transition from the skull into external features through the skin, but do not cause any adverse effects. (
  • The key to their organic survival is tiny, porous holes in the antler bone, allowing skin to grow into it and tightly infuse with the transdermal object, creating a barrier. (
  • Antlers are composed of bone, and they are shed each year in February or March. (
  • The antler is a bone, one of the fastest growing bones in the animal kingdom. (
  • Antlers are composed of true bone. (
  • The growing bone-or antler-is full of blood vessels and nerves. (
  • Injuries occur easily to the soft, sensitive growing bone, and accidents during this state cause many deformed antlers. (
  • Four years ago, a lower jaw bone of a Great Elk was pulled from Lough Neagh in pretty much the exact same spot, leading McElroy to suspect it belonged to the same deer as this skull and antlers. (
  • The whole antler is true bone. (
  • A few quick Internet searches and sure enough, they claimed that one can soften antler and bone by soaking them in water. (
  • Each spring, male deer sprout a new pair of antlers, which are essentially temporary external bones, at a speed unparalleled by the bone growth of other mammals. (
  • Right now, we have two focuses: To understand the genetic regulation of deer antler growth, and to see if we can use this information to build therapeutic agents to potentially prevent or treat bone diseases such as osteoporosis, or more quickly repair bone fractures," said Peter Yang , PhD, associate professor of orthopedic surgery. (
  • Antlers are essentially regenerating bone, which is rare in the animal kingdom. (
  • Knowing the genetics behind antler regeneration, fast bone growth and mineralization is fundamental to our ultimate therapeutic goal and is critical to understanding rapid bone regeneration in other species, like humans," Yang said. (
  • Comparative RNA analyses between stem cells in deer antlers and human stem cells from bone marrow led Yang to a collection of genes that seemed to have a unique expression in antlers. (
  • A significant portion of the skull plate is still attached to this shed antler, a sign of a brain abscess, which can erode the bone around the antler bases. (
  • According to the researchers, they subjected deer antler to differentiation assays for osteogenic (bone), adipogenic (fat) and chondrogenic (cartilage) lineages under culture conditions specific for each lineage to confirm the multi-lineage differentiation ability of antler multipotent stem cells. (
  • Long Beach's Crystal Antlers have been on stage at the Fonda for ten minutes and the audience is confused. (
  • Crystal Antlers have been perpetually mislabeled since the release of their 2008 debut EP, which garnered best new music on Pitchfork. (
  • When] we're playing with a bigger, established band that's been around for a long time and has diehard fans it's kind of rough," says Crystal Antlers lead singer and bassist Jonny Bell, the next day at his Long Beach home. (
  • Today, the worst seems to be over for Crystal Antlers. (
  • One of the bands that played was Crystal Antlers, and our friends at Videothing captured it. (
  • Last night, outside of The Rhythm Room, Damien Edwards of Crystal Antlers explained to me some of the band's punk cred. (
  • When Crystal Antlers took the stage, I immediately realized that Edwards wasn't joking about needing that knee in top form. (
  • To call Crystal Antlers a punk band isn't quite accurate. (
  • Deer Antler extract contains hyaluronic acid, a natural substance, also produced in the human body, that maintains elasticity of the skin and connective tissue. (
  • Can Deer Antler Extract Boost Male Testosterone? (
  • When men want to increase their strength and their vitality in doing daily activities, they can always consume deer antler extract, which is believed to be able to help the body system gain more power. (
  • Originally known as a part of traditional and ancient medical treatment, this deer antler extract can be consumed to improve the testosterone level as well as the overall performance of the body system. (
  • Deer antler extract isn't only helpful in those areas, but it also helps reducing stress level. (
  • So, what's the relation of deer antler extract and the testosterone? (
  • Chondroitin sulfate is the major glycosaminoglycan contained in antler connective tissue and has been isolated from cartilaginous antler by 4 M GuHCl extraction, gradient ultracentrifugation and chromatography techniques. (
  • An investigation by the Los Angeles County Department of Public Health suggests the botulism illnesses may be connected with drinking deer antler tea obtained in March. (
  • Dogs can fracture their teeth by chewing on antlers, bones and anything else that doesn't dent when pressed with a fingernail, says veterinary dentist Stephen Juriga. (
  • The necessary nutrients for antler growth may be taken from other bones in the body, thus depleting the nutrients in these bones and making them brittle. (
  • McElroy found the enormous skull and antlers in the same area of the lake where Kelly found the lower jawbone, and McElroy suspects the bones came from the same individual, BelfastLive reported. (
  • If rubber and nylon toys don't seem to cut it for a dog, or if they need something that is more natural and appealing, dog bones, hooves and antlers are good things to try. (
  • PetEdge carries only high-quality bones, hooves and antlers at great wholesale prices, so stock your store today! (
  • Are Antlers like bones? (
  • Elk antlers will not splinter so they are safer than bones or rawhide. (
  • When it comes to recreational bones and chews for dogs, antlers seem to be a blessing for some dogs, and a curse for others. (
  • The veterinary dentist I work with is fond of saying he has been able to fund an entire wing of his dental clinic thanks to dog owners offering antler bones to aggressive chewers! (
  • The couple had searched far and wide for treatment options to help relieve the disease's symptoms, and soon discovered that deer antler, which had been a key element of ancient eastern medicine, had natural healing properties that gave her some outstanding results. (
  • Studies have shown that antler development is negatively impacted when spring diet (starting in mid-March) is significantly restricted. (
  • I did speak with our vet about deer antlers as dog chews and he highly discouraged it for health reasons. (
  • Made of all-natural Elk antlers, these Big Sky Antler Chews come in a Mixed Variety Bag of different shapes and sizes for all dogs! (
  • However, an increasing number of veterinarians are discouraging dog guardians from offering very hard chews, including antlers, due to the potential for broken teeth. (
  • The amount of testosterone is key, contributing to older deer growing larger antlers than yearling deer. (
  • Raymond McElroy and his assistant, Charlie Coyle, caught the massive antlers in their fishing net in the northwest region of Lough Neagh, a large freshwater lake. (
  • I scoured the Internet for ideas, and decided it would be fun to do a bright-colored antler chandelier. (
  • Countless hours spent searching yielded only one verdict: a preassembled antler chandelier was out of my budget. (
  • With the antlers securely positioned, I used a rope to suspend the chandelier from a tree while I spray painted it a glossy red. (
  • He screwed the chandelier sockets to the tops of the antlers and strung the wires back to center. (
  • The harvesting process is relatively harmless to the animals, which will naturally shed antlers after the mating season and regrow a new set in a few months. (
  • At this point, the antlers actually regrow smaller each year. (
  • After the antlers are collected in May and June, the antlers regrow during the same growing season and are allowed to grow out fully. (
  • While genetics play an important part in the shape and size of antlers, the diet of a whitetail buck can either aid or hinder their growth. (
  • Whitetail bucks' antlers evolved as a weapon system and display mechanism associated with social hierarchy, especially in terms of reproduction. (
  • Social media is exploding with pictures of shed antlers, and Whitetail Properties' annual Shed Rally has become a big event. (
  • Fishermen caught quite the catch with this enormous skull and antlers from an extinct Irish elk. (
  • I was shocked to begin with when I got it over the side [of the boat] and saw the skull and antlers," McElroy told BelfastLive . (
  • In 1987, a fisherman named Felix Conlon netted a set of antlers attached to a skull that he gave to a local school to display, Grimes told Live Science. (
  • As the daylight length increases in the spring, bucks start to grow antlers from their pedicles on the top of their skull. (
  • A pair of lucky Northern Irish fishermen pulled in this skull with enormous antlers, measuring a whopping 1.8m in length. (
  • They were fishing in an area called the Thorns when they stumbled upon the remarkable skull and antlers, which got caught in their fishing net, according to Belfast Live. (
  • The nearly intact skull, with its antlers still attached, measures 1.8m across, according to LiveScience . (
  • The skull and antlers haven't been dated, but these majestic animals - the largest species of deer to have ever existed - disappeared from Ireland some 10,500 to 11,000 years ago. (
  • Raymond McElroy pictured with the antlers and skull of a Great Elk. (
  • The skull and antlers are currently being stored in McElroy's garage until local authorities figure out what to do with them. (
  • Signs of brain abscesses include infection around the base of an antler, so you may see "pus" on a deer's head, or a piece of the skull may actually still be attached to a shed antler (like the antler below). (
  • However this is misleading, since horns are permanent, where as antlers are tissue which fall off annually. (
  • Unlike antlers, horns are permanent and not seasonally shed. (
  • NutraKey Antler Test was created to increase testosterone production as well as GH production for dramatic increases in strength, energy and size! (
  • Antler Test by Nutrakey was designed to promote muscle growth and strength by increasing levels of testosterone and GH - the two most powerful anabolic hormones in the human body. (
  • How does Antler Test increase both testosterone and GH? (
  • By combining 375mg of New Zealand Red Deer Antler Velvet and an 875mg blend of powerful natural ingredients known to increase testosterone, such as Maca, DAA and Tribulus - all proven effective. (
  • For more than 2,000 years, the velvet from deer antlers has been used in Asian cultures for medicinal purposes. (
  • O.M.D. Planetary Formulas® Full Spectrum™ Antler Velvet is a tonifier that has been widely used in China for more than 2,000 years. (
  • Originally the solo vehicle of singer, songwriter and multi-instrumentalist Peter Silberman, The Antlers reached an early apex with the release of their third album Hospice in August 2009. (
  • Most researchers agree that antlers evolved as a weapon to gain dominance over other bucks during the breeding season. (
  • In the fall, bucks use their polished-up antlers to establish dominance over other bucks, either by posturing or by battling with them. (
  • I have not noticed any abnormal antler growth without skeletal damage. (
  • To investigate, Yang and his lab traveled to a deer farm in California where they collected samples of early antler tissue, which is primarily made up of skeletal stem cells. (
  • Antler velvet is the early stage of antler growth, and is a rich source of collagen, glycosaminoglycans, and glycoproteins, all of which support the skeletal system. (
  • After the breeding season, bucks shed their antlers (January through March, depending on region). (
  • If bucks do decide to tussle, they flail out at one another with their forelegs, no doubt to protect their developing antlers. (
  • Bucks become irritated by the dead tissue and remove it by rubbing their antlers against trees, limbs and the like. (
  • The biggest healthiest bucks usually have the largest antlers and do most of the breeding. (
  • The larger set of antlers helps dominant bucks build stronger neck muscles, which is also an asset during combat. (
  • Around January, bucks will shed their antlers. (
  • During the antler growth period, bucks require a substantial amount of minerals. (
  • They are also characterized by the antlers sported by the males (bucks). (
  • Antlers grow at an incredible rate in healthy bucks, up to a quarter of an inch per day. (
  • The velvet probably itches, and the bucks rub their antlers on smaller trees or bushes to remove it. (
  • Scores for nontypical bucks include a typical score for the normal parts of the antler frame and a score for any nontypical aspects. (
  • For decades, wildlife managers examined deer registered on opening weekend of deer season to determine their age, and they put antlered bucks in one of three categories: forked antlers, spiked antlers, and sublegal spikes (which are registered as antlerless deer). (
  • Then, in late winter, after the breeding season is past, the pedicles lose their grip on the antlers, and the bucks knock them off. (
  • Why do bucks grow antlers? (
  • When do bucks shed their antlers? (
  • Most hunting seasons end before bucks cast their antlers, so a shed antler is a strong sign that a particular buck survived the gauntlet of hunters in his neighborhood. (
  • In general, healthy bucks have antlers that are well mineralized and dense. (
  • These antlers feel relatively heavy for their size as compared to nutritionally stressed bucks whose antlers often are more porous and thus feel light for their size. (
  • In general, in the North mature bucks cast their antlers earlier than young bucks, and in the South they cast them later than young bucks. (
  • Antler growth is triggered by the increase in the amount of sunlight during the spring season. (
  • While the start of antler growth is triggered by daylight (photoperiod), the size, shape, and condition are impacted by numerous factors. (
  • Male deer of all species, except the Chinese Water deer, and female Reindeer grow and shed new antlers each year. (
  • Russian scientists Yudin and Dubryakov (1974) have reported that control athletes on an exercise cycle performed 15 kg/m of dynamic work whereas those given pantocrin increased this considerably to 74 kg/m and those given rantarin (a preparation of reindeer antler) increased to 103 kg/m. (
  • During the mating season (the rut), the antlers are highly polished and most prized by hunters. (
  • This is when the best antler growth will occur and the year he becomes a prime target for trophy hunters. (
  • Hunters prize deer antlers. (
  • I found several online tutorials on assembling and wiring antler fixtures that looked pretty simple and straightforward, put a call out to all the hunters in our family willing to donate antlers for the project, and started gathering materials for the project. (
  • Deer with big antlers and deer in the forest - a great gift for everyone who loves red deer and wild animals, for all hunters and foresters who go hunting. (
  • ) Hunters Specialties ™ new European Style Deer Antler Mounting Kits give hunters an economical way to proudly display their deer trophies. (
  • Hunters can easily mount the antlers from their trophy or shed antlers they have found. (
  • Deer antler velvet reportedly treats sexual performance issues. (
  • Our Elkwood Veggie Antler Treats veggie formula uses sweet potato and pea flour which makes our treats gluten free. (
  • Antlers are a buck's crowning glory. (
  • Velvet covers a buck's growing antlers. (
  • antler growth is first seen just after the buck's first birthday. (
  • A buck's first set of antlers grows during his yearling spring and summer. (
  • The size of a buck's antlers depends on his age and nutritional intake. (
  • A buck's first set of antlers (or rack) can vary from spikes to as many as 10 points. (
  • If you have a trail-camera picture of the buck, you can learn to better estimate the buck's antler score on the hoof. (
  • Just as you can estimate a buck's age by body characteristics and verify that age with his jawbone, you can estimate a buck's score from a photo and then verify with a shed antler. (
  • We can learn a little more about a buck's health by assessing the relative weight of the antlers. (
  • One final item that you cannot tell from a shed antler is a buck's age . (
  • Antler size is determined by nutrition and genetics. (
  • As an orthopedic researcher, Yang never planned to pursue deer antler genetics. (
  • Back in the lab, the scientists used a variety of techniques to decipher the genetics behind antler growth, including analyses of RNA, a molecule that help carry out specific gene instructions, and gene "knock-down" and "over-expression" studies, which hinder gene function or rev it up, respectively. (
  • Also on the album is Alexander Ericson (Alberta Cross, Stjarna) contributing vocals to three of the tracks, Michael Lerner, drummer for NYC band The Antlers (Frenchkiss) & classical string player Eve Boltax. (
  • Best Bully Sticks Medium Split Elk Antler is perfectly sized for medium breeds or hard chewers. (
  • Split Elk Antlers are best suited for dogs that are considered medium to hard chewers, or who are learning to chew safely. (
  • only when uhrf1 was fully functional did the scientists see the rapid cell proliferation characteristic of antler growth. (
  • Using optimized culture conditions, deer antler displayed vigorous cell proliferation . (
  • The typical antler or rack has symmetry with all tines facing upward off the main beam and the same size on both sides. (
  • Each year, while aging and registering deer, I usually see at least one deer with an antler shot off - the hunter was so focused on the size of the deer's rack, they shot at the rack before realizing their mistake and shooting the deer. (
  • Deer antler velvet is the pre-calcified cartilage on the newly forming antlers of male deer which helps strengthen and grow the rack. (
  • Deer Antler is used by athletes to support muscular strength. (
  • For the album's 10th anniversary reissue, The Antlers' label Frenchkiss is offering the album as a double disc white vinyl pressing, providing the listener with an opportunity to fully dissect the effort in its entirety song by song. (
  • Deer antler is a highly regenerative tissue that involves cellular differentiation, osteogenesis and ossification processes. (
  • In early development, antler tissue is soft, much like the cartilage of your nose, making cell sampling an easy task for Yang and harmless for the buck. (
  • This same form is easily absorbed by the human body, and these nutrients can be utilized by muscle tissue to rebuild, grow, and repair itself according to one Deer antler velvet spokesperson, Gabe Uris. (
  • While some researchers discount the effects of deer antler velvet, or doubt its ability to provide more than a negligible amount of IGF-1 to muscle tissue in a spray dosage, there is no indication that any negative side effects have occurred from its usage by either pro or amateur athletes. (
  • A team of researchers in Seoul, Korea have reported finding evidence that deer antlers - unique in that they regenerate annually - contain multipotent stem cells that could be useful for tissue regeneration in veterinary medicine. (
  • We successfully isolated and characterized antler tissue-derived multipotent stem cells and confirmed that the isolated cells are self-renewing and can differentiate into multiple lineages," said study co-author Dr. Kyung-Sun Kang of the College of Veterinary Medicine at Seoul National University. (
  • They concluded that deer antler tissue might be a "valuable source of stem cells" that could "be a potentially useful source of regenerative therapeutics in veterinary science. (
  • Antler multipotent stem cells could be used for therapeutic application for wild animal treatments and tissue engineering. (
  • Recent studies have shown deer antler velvet can stimulate maximum protein synthesis and growth in human muscle tissue. (
  • The brownish fur, which contains a network of blood vessels and nerve endings, supplies the developing antlers with much-needed nutrients. (
  • To supply it with the nutrients and minerals it needs, growing antler is covered with special capillary-packed skin called velvet. (
  • An injury to the animal that is not the leg I would assume that antler growth wouldn't get the normal nutrients and they would simply appear 'as normal' but be smaller. (
  • Elk antler, is rich with vital components and nutrients. (
  • The IGF-1 in deer antler velvet (along with other micro-nutrients and minerals found in the velvet) is primarily responsible for the rapid growth of new antler racks in the horns of male deer each year. (
  • Lewis, who's headed to the Superbowl in New Orleans this weekend, looked into using a nasal spray made of deer antler velvet to heal his torn right triceps, Sports Illustrated reported in their February 4 issue. (
  • Deer Antler Spray changes that! (
  • Finally, Deer Antler Spray is a wonderful stress reliever that dramatically improves sleep and whole-body rejuvenation. (
  • To achieve an optimal outcome, Deer Antler Spray is best used first thing in the morning upon waking and nightly before going to bed. (
  • Deer Antler Spray helps keep your muscles oxygenated and the lactic acid at bay. (
  • Former British Open winner Bob Charles of New Zealand says he used and promoted a banned deer-antler spray for more than 20 years and is surprised to learn it contains a substance that violates golf's doping protocols. (
  • Until science finds the holy grail of inexpensive and safe performance enhancers to promote muscle gain and athletic performance, products like deer antler velvet spray will have a place in the sports world. (
  • Deer antler velvet can be found in pill form but is most commonly found as a spray. (
  • These pedicels form the buttons, which are the only antler development of most male fawns. (
  • Made from male deer antlers during the stage when the antlers are covered in soft fuzz, the unproven performance enhancer is often used by athletes who believe it helps heal cartilage and tendon injuries more quickly and boosts strength and endurance. (
  • Growing antlers are covered with velvet, which contains blood vessels and nerve endings. (
  • They are supplied with blood through blood vessels in the velvet and through the core of the antler. (
  • Gevir, a company based out of New Zealand that creates a unique line of supplements made from pure New Zealand deer antler velvet as the only ingredient, announced its supplements are now available for purchase on, a popular nutritional products website. (
  • Tea made from deer antlers may have sickened two Orange County residents with botulism, a serious illness caused by a bacteria that can cause paralysis, breathing difficulty and is potentially deadly. (
  • Dragon Herbs Changbai Mountain Deer Antler Drops is made exclusively with antler from Sika Deer, long considered to be the best deer antler. (
  • There are dozens of other "deer velvet" products available, but Dragon Herbs Changbai Mountain Deer Antler Drops is the ONLY product made ENTIRELY from Deer Antler tips . (
  • The best deer antler velvet is made by Antler Farms. (
  • These beautiful antler products are made from a truly renewable resource, since all antlered animals shed their antlers every spring and grow another set by late summer. (
  • A Los Angeles based company that sells herbal tea made of deer antler is voluntarily recalling its product after two people became ill, state health officials announced Monday. (
  • For the time being, McElroy has the antlers stored in his garage for safekeeping until local authorities decide where the antlers' permanent home will be. (
  • Once antlers reach full growth and mineralize in late summer, the velvet starts to peel. (
  • Only in the second stage of development does the antler mineralize and become rigid. (
  • A new set of antlers then begins to grow in their place. (
  • The deer family are the only species in the world to grow antlers. (
  • Technically, deer have antlers, which grow from their pedicle, or base, new each summer and fall off each winter. (
  • If deer have limited access to food in winter, but get plenty of food in spring, they can grow excellent antlers. (
  • What happens to the velvet on antlers and why do some antlers grow in weird shapes? (
  • The female of this species (doe) does not grow antlers. (
  • The antlers on a buck will grow back larger year after year, adding new forks or tines until the growth levels off around age 5-6. (
  • Deer antlers can grow a whopping 2 centimeters per day when it's summertime and their antlers are growing at full speed," Yang recalled from the guide's spiel. (
  • so as they grow upward, a reservoir of stem cells remains at the top of the antlers, continuing to proliferate. (
  • Are you tired of trying to grow antlers with no luck? (
  • Naturally-shed elk antlers gathered from the forest floor. (
  • Naturally shed antlers. (
  • Deer antler velvet contains IGF -1 (Insulin-Like Growth Factor-1), a hormone naturally produced by your body from human growth hormone (HGH). (
  • All it takes is a two-inch-long piece of prong from the end of the antler and a modicum of know-how. (
  • Lock the antler prong in the vice, with the fat end facing out. (
  • Deer Antler grows from its "tips. (
  • As it grows, the soft body of the antler hardens, while the growing tip remains soft and bio-chemically rich. (
  • Deer Antler is harvested humanely from the very tip of the deer antler. (
  • The deer from which the antlers are collected are humanely treated at all stages of their life. (
  • Great Elks were truly awesome, measuring about 2m tall, with males featuring antlers up to 3m wide. (
  • The second purpose for antlers is to provide males with a protective weapon in the event of a scuffle or territorial conflict with other males. (
  • Adult Antler Moths - named after the antler pattern on the males' wings - drop eggs from their wings on to upland pastures especially in acid soil areas. (
  • Characterization of chondroitin sulfate from deer tip antler and osteogenic properties. (
  • Deer antler is of interest, said the researchers, "because antlers are very peculiar organs in that they are lost and re-grown annually….a rare example of a completely regenerating organ in mammals. (
  • We are excited to announce our deer antler velvet supplements are available for purchase on," said Josh Buckman, CEO of Gevir. (
  • Deer Antler is considered to be one of the "big three" ultimate "herbs" (dietary supplements) of China - Ginseng, Reishi Mushroom and Deer Antler. (
  • Over the last three or four years, we have heard and recieved testimonies of people who have given elk antler supplements to their dogs or cats, particularly for the treatment of osteoarthritis and senility. (
  • Before the antlers are fully calcified, they're extracted in a safe manner and ground into a powder to be manufactured into supplements. (
  • The Elk's antler sliced his left kidney in two. (
  • Since the deer are so valuable and since deer antler is essentially a renewable "resource," deer are highly protected. (
  • This antler is a renewable resource, which we safely and humanly remove and process into an easy to use capsule form. (
  • They can cause nontypical antler growth, and in extreme cases death. (
  • Antlers are believed to have evolved as a fighting weapon which help in establishing the dominant male, although they are also used to rub and dig in the snow when searching for food. (
  • The Antlers are very excited to announce that they will be supporting Local Natives this winter in Japan! (
  • A large, mature mule deer buck with large, atypical antlers that include a sixth point seen in Mountain Star off Wildwood Road. (
  • Big buck contests are common across the Northwoods, some focusing on weight, but most focusing on antlers. (
  • I know people that use trail cameras to track antler characteristics that are likely passed from sire to offspring, giving the impression of a buck that lives for many years. (
  • White-tailed deer antlers serve a dual-purpose for the buck. (
  • You can learn about the health of the buck by studying the base of his antlers. (
  • However, a buck that drops his antlers much earlier than normal is likely suffering from an injury or nutritional stress. (
  • You may be able to estimate relative age if you've been collecting antlers, trail-camera pictures and jawbones, but there's too much overlap in the age classes to assign an exact age to a buck based on a shed antler. (
  • For more than 2000 years many cultures have used the elk antler to treat a wide variety of ailments. (
  • Today, we produce the same type of Elk Antler doctors have been using in Asia and Europe for over 2000 years in a simple tablet form. (
  • Deer antler, although known to ancient Chinese medicine, , has only recently been in the public eye due to the increasing body of evidence of its effectiveness to maximize the body's potential. (