Antifreeze Proteins: Proteins that bind to ice and modify the growth of ice crystals. They perform a cryoprotective role in a variety of organisms.Antifreeze Proteins, Type I: A subclass of ANTIFREEZE PROTEINS that are 3-5 kDa in size and contain a single alanine-rich amphipathic alpha-helix.Antifreeze Proteins, Type III: A subclass of ANTIFREEZE PROTEINS that are globular, 6.5 kDa in size and contain compact beta-sheet structures.Ice: The solid substance formed by the FREEZING of water.Flounder: Common name for two families of FLATFISHES belonging to the order Pleuronectiformes: left-eye flounders (Bothidae) and right-eye flounders (Pleuronectidae). The latter is more commonly used in research.Freezing: Liquids transforming into solids by the removal of heat.Antifreeze Proteins, Type IV: A subclass of ANTIFREEZE PROTEINS that contain four amphipathic alpha-helices folded into an antiparallel helix bundle.Antifreeze Proteins, Type II: A subclass of ANTIFREEZE PROTEINS that have a cystine-rich globular structure of approximately 14 kD.Tenebrio: A genus of beetles which infests grain products. Its larva is called mealworm.Fishes: A group of cold-blooded, aquatic vertebrates having gills, fins, a cartilaginous or bony endoskeleton, and elongated bodies covered with scales.Retinol-Binding Proteins, Cellular: A subclass of retinol-binding proteins that take part in the intracellular storage and transport of RETINOL. They are both functionally and structurally distinct from PLASMA RETINOL-BINDING PROTEINS.Osmeriformes: An order of fish including smelts, galaxiids, and salamanderfish.Fish Proteins: Proteins obtained from species of fish (FISHES).Marinomonas: A genus of gram-negative, aerobic bacteria in the family OCEANOSPIRILLACEAE. Members of this genus have the ability to synthesize MELANIN pigments.Antarctic Regions: The continent lying around the South Pole and the southern waters of the Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian Oceans. It includes the Falkland Islands Dependencies. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p55)Eels: Common name for an order (Anguilliformes) of voracious, elongate, snakelike teleost fishes.Glycoproteins: Conjugated protein-carbohydrate compounds including mucins, mucoid, and amyloid glycoproteins.Bone Morphogenetic Protein Receptors, Type II: A subtype of bone morphogenetic protein receptors with low affinity for BONE MORPHOGENETIC PROTEINS. They are constitutively active PROTEIN-SERINE-THREONINE KINASES that can interact with and phosphorylate TYPE I BONE MORPHOGENETIC PROTEIN RECEPTORS.Collagen Type IV: A non-fibrillar collagen found in the structure of BASEMENT MEMBRANE. Collagen type IV molecules assemble to form a sheet-like network which is involved in maintaining the structural integrity of basement membranes. The predominant form of the protein is comprised of two alpha1(IV) subunits and one alpha2(IV) subunit, however, at least six different alpha subunits can be incorporated into the heterotrimer.Flatfishes: Common name for the order Pleuronectiformes. A very distinctive group in that during development they become asymmetrical, i.e., one eye migrates to lie adjacent to the other. They swim on the eyeless side. FLOUNDER, sole, and turbot, along with several others, are included in this order.Salmoniformes: An order of fish comprising salmons, trouts, whitefish, graylings, and other families. They are both marine and freshwater fish, found in all oceans and are quite numerous in the Northern Hemisphere. (From Nelson: Fishes of the World)Secale cereale: A hardy grain crop, rye, grown in northern climates. It is the most frequent host to ergot (CLAVICEPS), the toxic fungus. Its hybrid with TRITICUM is TRITICALE, another grain.Amino Acid Sequence: The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Beetles: INSECTS of the order Coleoptera, containing over 350,000 species in 150 families. They possess hard bodies and their mouthparts are adapted for chewing.Cold Climate: A climate characterized by COLD TEMPERATURE for a majority of the time during the year.Lysosomal-Associated Membrane Protein 2: An abundant lysosomal-associated membrane protein that has been found to shuttle between LYSOSOMES; ENDOSOMES; and the PLASMA MEMBRANE. Loss of expression of lysosomal-associated membrane protein 2 is associated with GLYCOGEN STORAGE DISEASE TYPE IIB.Bone Morphogenetic Protein Receptors, Type I: A subtype of bone morphogenetic protein receptors with high affinity for BONE MORPHOGENETIC PROTEINS. They can interact with and undergo PHOSPHORYLATION by BONE MORPHOGENETIC PROTEIN RECEPTORS, TYPE II. They signal primarily through RECEPTOR-REGULATED SMAD PROTEINS.Daucus carota: A plant species of the family APIACEAE that is widely cultivated for the edible yellow-orange root. The plant has finely divided leaves and flat clusters of small white flowers.Retinol-Binding Proteins: Proteins which bind with RETINOL. The retinol-binding protein found in plasma has an alpha-1 mobility on electrophoresis and a molecular weight of about 21 kDa. The retinol-protein complex (MW=80-90 kDa) circulates in plasma in the form of a protein-protein complex with prealbumin. The retinol-binding protein found in tissue has a molecular weight of 14 kDa and carries retinol as a non-covalently-bound ligand.Snow: Frozen water crystals that fall from the ATMOSPHERE.Models, Molecular: Models used experimentally or theoretically to study molecular shape, electronic properties, or interactions; includes analogous molecules, computer-generated graphics, and mechanical structures.Crystallization: The formation of crystalline substances from solutions or melts. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Protein Conformation: The characteristic 3-dimensional shape of a protein, including the secondary, supersecondary (motifs), tertiary (domains) and quaternary structure of the peptide chain. PROTEIN STRUCTURE, QUATERNARY describes the conformation assumed by multimeric proteins (aggregates of more than one polypeptide chain).Smad1 Protein: A receptor-regulated smad protein that undergoes PHOSPHORYLATION by BONE MORPHOGENETIC PROTEIN RECEPTORS. It regulates BONE MORPHOGENETIC PROTEIN signaling and plays an essential role in EMBRYONIC DEVELOPMENT.Protein Structure, Secondary: The level of protein structure in which regular hydrogen-bond interactions within contiguous stretches of polypeptide chain give rise to alpha helices, beta strands (which align to form beta sheets) or other types of coils. This is the first folding level of protein conformation.Cold Temperature: An absence of warmth or heat or a temperature notably below an accustomed norm.Perciformes: The most diversified of all fish orders and the largest vertebrate order. It includes many of the commonly known fish such as porgies, croakers, sunfishes, dolphin fish, mackerels, TUNA, etc.Neutron Diffraction: The scattering of NEUTRONS by matter, especially crystals, with accompanying variation in intensity due to interference effects. It is useful in CRYSTALLOGRAPHY and POWDER DIFFRACTION.Base Sequence: The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.Smad6 Protein: An inhibitory Smad protein that negatively regulates the SIGNAL TRANSDUCTION PATHWAYS from BONE MORPHOGENETIC PROTEIN RECEPTORS. Smad6 inhibits PHOSPHORYLATION of SMAD2 PROTEIN and SMAD3 PROTEIN.Gadiformes: An order of fish including the families Gadidae (cods), Macrouridae (grenadiers), and hakes. The large Gadidae family includes cod, haddock, whiting, and pollock.Siphonaptera: An order of parasitic, blood-sucking, wingless INSECTS with the common name of fleas.Acclimatization: Adaptation to a new environment or to a change in the old.Circular Dichroism: A change from planar to elliptic polarization when an initially plane-polarized light wave traverses an optically active medium. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Smad5 Protein: A receptor-regulated smad protein that undergoes PHOSPHORYLATION by BONE MORPHOGENETIC PROTEIN RECEPTORS. It regulates BONE MORPHOGENETIC PROTEIN signaling and is essential for PHYSIOLOGICAL ANGIOGENESIS.Insect Proteins: Proteins found in any species of insect.Solutions: The homogeneous mixtures formed by the mixing of a solid, liquid, or gaseous substance (solute) with a liquid (the solvent), from which the dissolved substances can be recovered by physical processes. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)

Amino acid sequence of a new type of antifreeze protein, from the longhorn sculpin Myoxocephalus octodecimspinosis. (1/3)

A new type of fish antifreeze protein, designated here type IV, has been isolated from the longhorn sculpin, Myoxocephalus octodecimspinosis. Sequence analysis of the protein (LS-12) reveals that it contains 108 amino acids, is blocked at the N-terminus by a pyroglutamyl group and has a high (17%) content of glutamine; it is thus completely unrelated to the earlier described types I, II and III fish antifreeze proteins. Circular dichroism spectra and conformational analysis based on the sequence data indicate that LS-12 has a high helix content and probably folds as a four-helix bundle. LS-12 shows sequence similarity to certain plasma apolipoproteins known to have helix bundle structures, suggesting the possibility that LS-12 may have arisen by recruitment and mutation of a plasma apolipoprotein.  (+info)

Cloning and sequencing of cDNA encoding the LS-12 antifreeze protein in the longhorn sculpin, Myoxocephalus octodecimspinosis. (2/3)

cDNA coding for an antifreeze protein (LS-12) in the longhorn sculpin, Myoxocephalus octodecimspinosis, was prepared from liver mRNA using reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction coupled with 3' and 5' RACE procedures. This cDNA contains 609 base pairs, including a 384-bp open reading frame which codes for a 128-residue LS-12 precursor protein. The predicted amino acid sequence of the mature LS-12 corresponds exactly to the amino acid sequence obtained from Edman degradation [G. Deng, D.W. Andrews, R.A. Laursen, FEBS Lett., 402, 1997, pp. 17-20]. The 20 residues preceding mature LS-12 are predicted to be a signal sequence, which is presumably cleaved off before the mature, 108-residue protein is secreted into the circulatory system. This is the first report of a cDNA sequence from M. octodecimspinosis.  (+info)

Isolation and characterization of an antifreeze protein from the longhorn sculpin, Myoxocephalus octodecimspinosis. (3/3)

A new type of antifreeze protein was isolated from the serum of the longhorn sculpin, Myoxocephalus octodecimspinosis, by gel filtration and high-performance liquid chromatography. This protein (LS-12) exhibits freezing point depression activity (thermal hysteresis) and ice crystal modification properties similar to those seen for other types of fish antifreeze polypeptide, except that ice crystals grow as hexagonal trapezohedra in the presence of LS-12, rather than hexagonal bipyramids usually seen. Ice crystal etching studies demonstrate that LS-12 does not bind to the hexagonal bipyramidal or secondary prism surfaces reported for the antifreeze polypeptides from winter flounder and shorthorn sculpin, respectively. Circular dichroism studies indicate that LS-12 has an alpha-helix content of about 60% at 1 degreesC, which is in good agreement with a value of about 70% predicted from the amino acid sequence. Limited proteolysis studies and further analysis of the amino acid sequence suggest that LS-12 consists of four amphipathic alpha-helices of similar length which are folded into a four-helix bundle. Based on its size (Mr=12299) and predicted tertiary structure, LS-12 can be regarded as the first example of a new class (type IV) of fish antifreeze protein.  (+info)

*Fish physiology

... some use natural antifreeze or antifreeze proteins to resist ice crystal formation in their tissues. Most sharks are "cold- ... Sequential hermaphrodites have both types of tissue in their gonads, with one type being predominant while the fish belongs to ... In most fish, the heart consists of four parts, including two chambers and an entrance and exit. The first part is the sinus ... In this type of gut, the intestine itself is relatively straight, but has a long fold running along the inner surface in a ...

*Genetically modified livestock

Pout also have antifreeze proteins in their blood, which allow the GM salmon to survive near-freezing waters and continue their ... The wild-type salmon takes 24 to 30 months to reach market size (4-6 kg) whereas the producers of the GM salmon claim it ... This allows the fish to produce GH all year round for faster growth as the wild-type fish produces the hormone for only part of ... Goats have been genetically engineered to produce milk containing strong spiderweb-like silk proteins. In November 2015, the ...

*Antifreeze protein

Type IV AFPs are found in longhorn sculpins. They are alpha helical proteins rich in glutamate and glutamine. This protein is ... Fish Antifreeze Produced in Pancreas Antifreeze Proteins: Molecule of the Month, by David Goodsell, RCSB Protein Data Bank. ... Deng G, Andrews DW, Laursen RA (January 1997). "Amino acid sequence of a new type of antifreeze protein, from the longhorn ... See also dehydrin There are two types of insect antifreeze proteins, Tenebrio and Dendroides AFPs which are both in different ...

*Neofunctionalization

In the case of the Antarctic zoarcid fish type III antifreeze protein gene diverged from a parologus copy of sialic acid ... 1157-1164, 2005 C. Deng, C.-H. C. Cheng, H. Ye, X. He, and L. Chen, "Evolution of an antifreeze protein by neofunctionalization ... The evolution of the antifreeze protein in the Antarctic zoarcid fish provides a prime example of Neofunctionalization after ... It is much more rare to see major changes in protein function, such as subunit structure or substrate and ligand affinity, as a ...

*Antifreeze

... protein Air cooling Cryoprotectant Heater core Ice melt Internal combustion engine cooling Radiator Water cooling ... Some of the newer OAT coolants claim to be compatible with all types of OAT and glycol-based coolants; these are typically ... Products: North America: Anti Freeze/Coolants. Havoline.com (2003-01-31). Retrieved on 2011-01-01. "Zerex G-05® Antifreeze / ... All automotive antifreeze formulations, including the newer organic acid (OAT antifreeze) formulations, are environmentally ...

*Cryobiology

Antifreeze proteins cloned from such fish have been used to confer frost-resistance on transgenic plants.[citation needed] ... Human gametes and two-, four- and eight-cell embryos can survive cryopreservation at -196 °C for 10 years under well-controlled ... A variety of cell types are protected by 10% dimethyl sulfoxide. Cryobiologists attempt to optimize cryoprotectant ... See insect winter ecology and antifreeze protein. Another invertebrate that is briefly tolerant to temperatures down to -273 °C ...

*Genetically modified fish

... red fluorescent protein. The ocean pout type III antifreeze protein transgene has been successfully micro-injected and ... The wild-type salmon takes 24 to 30 months to reach market size (4-6 kg) whereas the producers of the GM salmon claim it ... This permits the GM salmon to produce GH year round rather than pausing for part of the year as do wild-type Atlantic salmon. ... This has led to the suggestion that these GM fish will survive better than the wild-type when conditions are very poor. ...

*Wildlife of Antarctica

The suborder contains many species with antifreeze proteins in their blood and tissue, allowing them to live in water that is ... Four of the 18 penguin species live and breed on the mainland and its close offshore islands. Another four species live on the ... These two similar types of gigantism are believed to be related the cold water, which can contain high levels of oxygen, ... Antifreeze proteins are also known from Southern Ocean snailfish and eelpouts. There are two icefish species from the ...

*Southern Ocean

The suborder contains many species with antifreeze proteins in their blood and tissue, allowing them to live in water that is ... Four of the 18 penguin species live and breed on the mainland and its close offshore islands. Another four species live on the ... This is actually a type of coastal upwelling. Since there are no continents in a band of open latitudes between South America ... Antifreeze proteins are also known from Southern Ocean snailfish. The crocodile icefish (family Channichthyidae), also known as ...

*Hibernaculum (zoology)

Insects prepare to overwinter through a variety of mechanisms, such as using anti-freeze proteins or cryoprotectants in freeze- ... Other types of insect hibernacula include self-spun silk hibernacula, such as those made and used by spruce budworms as they ... Therefore, it is still not known to what extent various types of prospective hibernacula for frogs might be suitable in the ... 41(4): 560-565. Legler, John M.; Fitch, Henry S. (1957-01-01). "Observations on Hibernation and Nests of the Collared Lizard, ...

*Arthrobacter agilis

... strain L77 will serve as a source for antifreeze proteins, functional enzymes and other bioactive molecules ... doi:10.13140/rg.2.1.2948.1283/2. Type strain of Arthrobacter agilis at BacDive - the Bacterial Diversity Metadatabase. ... The genome comprises 3316 protein coding genes and 74 RNA genes, 725 hypothetical proteins, 25 pseudo-genes and 1404 unique ... The candidate genes coding for hydrolytic enzymes and cold shock proteins were identified in the genome. ...

*Plant

... s protect themselves from frost and dehydration stress with antifreeze proteins, heat-shock proteins and sugars (sucrose ... When the name Plantae or plant is applied to a specific group of organisms or taxon, it usually refers to one of four concepts ... Many of the Earth's biomes are named for the type of vegetation because plants are the dominant organisms in those biomes, such ... Goyal, K., Walton, L. J., & Tunnacliffe, A. (2005). "LEA proteins prevent protein aggregation due to water stress". Biochemical ...

*Vitrification

Arctic fish use antifreeze proteins, sometimes appended with sugars, as cryoprotectants. Ordinary soda-lime glass, used in ... The most common applications are in the making of pottery, glass, and some types of food, but there are many others, such as ... Stoneware may be vitrified or semi-vitrified, the latter type would not be impermeable without glaze. When sucrose is cooled ... which can be used to image objects such as proteins or virus particles. Cold-adapted frogs and some other ectotherms naturally ...

*Ecophysiology

... production of antifreeze proteins and dehydrins increases. As temperatures rise, production of heat shock proteins increases. ... When this type of disturbance occurs in natural systems, the only solution is to ensure that there is an adequate stock of ... Heat stress is physiologically combated in four ways: radiation, conduction, convection, and evaporation. Cold stress is ... In both types of temperature related stress, it is important to remain well-hydrated. Hydration reduces cardiovascular strain, ...

*Cell membrane

Membrane proteins consist of three main types: Integral proteins, peripheral proteins, and lipid-anchored proteins. As shown in ... Acting as antifreeze, cholesterol maintains the fluidity of the membrane. Cholesterol is more abundant in cold-weather animals ... There are 2 types of ER, smooth and rough. The rough ER has ribosomes attached to it used for protein synthesis, while the ... integral proteins are amphipathic transmembrane proteins. Examples of integral proteins include ion channels, proton pumps, and ...

*Silanization of silicon and mica

First, the proteins adsorbed on the surface are more stable over a wide range of conditions. The proteins also adopt a more ... The type of silane used can further compound the problem, as in the case of APTES. APTES is the classical molecule used for the ... In the silicon layer, one in four silicon atoms is replaced by an aluminum atom, generating a difference in charge that is ... Younes-Metzler; Ben; Giorgi (2011). "The adsorption of antifreeze glycoprotein fraction 8 on dry and wet mica". Colloids and ...

*Beta helix

Other proteins that contain beta helices include the antifreeze proteins from the beetle Tenebrio molitor (right-handed) and ... The beta helix is a type of solenoid protein domain. The structure is stabilized by inter-strand hydrogen bonds, protein- ... Leinala EK, Davies PL, Jia Z (May 2002). "Crystal structure of beta-helical antifreeze protein points to a general ice binding ... "Mimicry of ice structure by surface hydroxyls and water of a beta-helix antifreeze protein". Nature. 406 (6793): 322-4. doi: ...

*Polyethylene glycol

X-ray diffraction of protein crystals can reveal the atomic structure of the proteins. PEG is used to fuse two different types ... Anti-Freeze is Not a Green Wood Stabilizer - Buzz Saw, The Rockler Blog. Rockler.com (2 May 2006). Retrieved on 30 November ... The paint would subsequently flake off in about four minutes. The German Bavarian State Conservation Office developed a PEG ... When attached to various protein medications, polyethylene glycol allows a slowed clearance of the carried protein from the ...

*Pseudomonas syringae

"Genomewide identification of proteins secreted by the Hrp type III protein secretion system of Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato ... For plants without antifreeze proteins, frost damage usually occurs between -4 and -12°C as the water in plant tissue can ... P. syringae pathogenesis is dependent on effector proteins secreted into the plant cell by the bacterial type III secretion ... P. syringae isolates carry a range of virulence factors called type III secretion system (T3SS) effector proteins. These ...

*Thermoregulation

... some use natural antifreeze or antifreeze proteins to resist ice crystal formation in their tissues. Amphibians and reptiles ... Relevance of individual characteristics for human heat stress response is dependent on exercise intensity and climate type. ... This mechanism is due to overexpressing the uncoupling protein 2 in hypocretin neurons (Hcrt-UCP2), which elevated hypothalamic ... "OMIM entry on human UnCoupling Protein 2 (UCP2)". Simpson S, Herring PT (1905-05-09). "The effect of cold narcosis on reflex ...

*Insect trap

Many types of moth traps are bucket-type traps. Bottle traps are widely used, often used to sample wasp or pest beetle ... Flies and wasps are attracted by proteins. Mosquitoes and many other insects are attracted by bright colors, carbon dioxide, ... are simple shallow dishes filled with a soapy water or a preservative and killing agent such as antifreeze. Pan traps are used ... The Malaise trap, a more complex type, is a mesh tent-like trap that captures insects that tend to fly up rather than down when ...

*Hemoglobin

The most common type of hemoglobin in mammals contains four such subunits. Hemoglobin consists of protein subunits (the "globin ... "Mammoths had ′anti-freeze′ blood". BBC. 2010-05-02. Retrieved 2010-05-02. Projecto-Garcia, Joana; Natarajan, Chandrasekhar; ... In adult humans, the most common hemoglobin type is a tetramer (which contains four subunit proteins) called hemoglobin A, ... Each subunit is composed of a protein chain tightly associated with a non-protein prosthetic heme group. Each protein chain ...

*Optic neuropathy

This type of force causes the optic nerve to absorb excess energy at the time of impact. The most common site of injury of the ... After four months of food deprivation, the prisoners of war developed vision loss in both eyes that appeared suddenly. They ... Ethylene glycol, a component of automobile antifreeze, is a poison that is toxic to the whole body including the optic nerve. ... Undernourished patients often suffer from many vitamin and nutrient deficiencies and have low serum protein levels. However, ...

*Preservative

This method is the most traditional and ancient type of preserving-ancient methods such as pickling and adding honey prevent ... It serves the important function of controlling the bacteria that cause botulism, but sodium nitrite can react with proteins, ... Retrieved from http://www.eblib.com (306- 334) Field, Simon Quellen (2008). Why There's Antifreeze in Your Toothpaste: The ... 75 (4): M204-M208. doi:10.1111/j.1750-3841.2010.01587.x. Evans, G., de Challemaison, B., & Cox, D. N. (2010). "Consumers' ...

*Gene duplication

If viral proteins aberrantly attach to cellular mRNA, they can reverse transcribe copies of genes to create retrogenes. ... Gene duplications can arise as products of several types of errors in DNA replication and repair machinery as well as through ... of such neofunctionalization is the apparent mutation of a duplicated digestive gene in a family of ice fish into an antifreeze ... The two genes that exist after a gene duplication event are called paralogs and usually code for proteins with a similar ...

*Cat

... protein in their diet, about 20% of a cat's diet must be protein. A cat's gastrointestinal tract is adapted to meat eating, ... Lapping at a rate of four times a second, the cat touches the smooth tip of its tongue to the surface of the water, and quickly ... A 1993 paper reported a response to middle wavelengths from a system other than the rods which might be due to a third type of ... "Antifreeze Warning". Cat Fanciers' Association (CFA). Archived from the original on 9 May 2007. Retrieved 15 May 2007. "Death ...
To date, two novel freeze-responsive proteins, Fr10 and Li16, have been discovered in the wood frog, Rana sylvatica, and likely support freezing survival. Although previous studies have established tissue distribution of each protein, there have been no studies that explore their functional consequences in intolerant cells. To assess the ability of Fr10 and Li16 to confer freeze tolerance, we transfected each protein into a freeze-intolerant silkworm cell line (BmN). Selected controls were the transfection of an unrelated protein (CAT) and a no-transfection sample. Li16 and Fr10 showed 1.8±0.1-and1. 7±0.2-fold, respectively, greater survival after freezing at 6°C for 1 h than did transfection controls. To investigate how these novel proteins protect cells from freezing damage, protein structures were predicted from primary amino acid sequences. Analysis of the structures indicated that Fr10 is a secreted protein and may be a new type IV antifreeze protein, whereas Li16 may have intracellular ...
Read "The karyotype of the great sculpin, Myoxocephalus polyacanthocephalus (Pallas, 1814) (Pisces: Cottidae), from the Russian part of the species range, Russian Journal of Marine Biology" on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips.
Texas Longhorn display booth marketing is one of the great ways to develop new Longhorn producers. Lets look at booth strategies, and how to squeeze the system for the most it will yield. This is a check list of ideas for effective exhibiting. It doesnt just happen. Rather, it is the result of meticulous PREPARATION, PRESENTATION, and POST-SHOW FOLLOW-UP. Nearly any location where a lot of rural type people attend an event will work. A booth is a growing method. It is a way to grow new producers, educate, personally meet and tease them about the excitement of starting their own Texas Longhorn herd.. Budget for a well planned event. It will require display space rental, electric connections, large color graphics, product displays, a power point or TV presentation, bright lights, a standing display back drop, colorful materials, volunteers, training, and lastly a follow-up plan. Keep in mind this is a competition. While you are working to expand your cattle sales several other people will also ...
Our mission is to raise the best Texas Longhorn cattle with beautiful color, correct confirmation, and long horns. Click to learn more about our premier cattle.
The dental services at Austins Longhorn Dental Center are gentle, pain-free and quick, leaving you with a sparkling smile. If youre seeking a top-of-the-line dentistry that includes services such as check-ups, look no further than this dental clinic. So kick in your responsibility mode and schedule your next dentist visit at Longhorn Dental Center.
The Miller Ranch raises longhorns, a distinctive breed of cattle known, as their name suggests, for their impressive horns. Though the ranch is not open for general touring as you look out over the pastures by the road, you may be treated to the sight of the longhorns grazing.. ...
am completely convinced that within the next few paragraphs we will discuss one of the most vital factors in the successful production of Texas Longhorn cattle. A factor that is the difference in profit and loss, major success and complete failure.. In June of 1998 our family will have been in the Texas Longhorn business for 31 years. I believe in the following paragraphs we are going to discuss one of the factors that allowed us to be successful and raise numerous great individuals in the breed. Without this secret trait almost none of our success for the Dickinson family could have taken place. What if John Elway determined as a young man that football was a dangerous profession, the opportunity for becoming crippled or continually suffering from fatigue and injuries was just too much of a price to pay? At the time they were both in law school, what if Bill Clinton said to Hillary "I am sick and tired of all the late night studying, the years of time, and fatigue required to be an attorney. I ...
Review standard and optional interior, exterior, mechanical comfort, entertainment equipment and their warranties for a 2013 2500 Laramie Longhorn Edition 4x2 Crew Cab 149 in. WB.
There are 719 calories in 1 salad of LongHorn Steakhouse Dinner, Sonoma Chicken Salad with Vinaigrette. Youd need to walk 188 minutes to burn 719 calories. Visit CalorieKing to see calorie count and nutrient data for all portion sizes.
Fire crews working the Longhorn Complex fires say the next few days will be critical to their success. The three fires on the Rosebud Reservation have
Born to be wild tee print with longhorn skull. T-shirt design graphics stamp label typography. Vector illustration. Download a Free Preview or High Quality Adobe Illustrator Ai, EPS, PDF and High Resolution JPEG versions. ID #15996178.
Download this Longhorn Cattle In Ranch Meadow photo now. And search more of the webs best library of royalty-free stock images from iStock.
There are 220 calories in 1 portion of LongHorn Steakhouse Steak Extra, Parmesan Crusted Topping. Youd need to walk 58 minutes to burn 220 calories. Visit CalorieKing to see calorie count and nutrient data for all portion sizes.
bonch writes Well, Longhorn beta 5048 was released a day before the start of WinHEC 2005, suggestive of the fact that it is not terribly impressive. Paul Thurrott (a Windows writer whose previously reported review of Mac OS X Tiger was updated after user feedback) confirmed this today in day two ...
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AUSTIN - Two months ago, Texas coach Rick Barnes declared he likely would rely more on JCovan Brown than he had on any individual scorer in 20 years. Rarely has he been more pleased to have been … ...
Cooking in the Kitchen? Have this spoon rest to add some Longhorn flare! This black silicone spoon rest is approximately 4 by 9 inches, accented with the Burnt Orange Longhorn silhouette. Buy Now ...
I found a very impressive area today next to the Neath canal near the Aberdulais Basin. Having already seen a Black-and-yellow Longhorn before I reached this area I thought the density of umbellifers here would be worth a closer look. Longhorns like the flat inflorescences which provide easier areas to land and take-off. Those landing platforms in this case provided by Hemlock Water-dropwort (Oenanthe crocata ...
528 Best Vaca Longhorn Free Vector Art Downloads from the Vecteezy community. Vaca Longhorn Free Vector Art licensed under creative commons, open source, and more!
Download this Texas Longhorn Cattle photo now. And search more of the webs best library of royalty-free stock images from iStock.
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The next generation of the Windows Server operating system helps organizations maximize control over their server infrastructure with new management and configuration tools, task automation, and enhanced diagnostics.
Im feeling a bit overwhelmed & crazy right now....however, I have to say that Im also feeling pretty grateful this week. One friend sent a text Tuesday night & invited the boys & I over for a playdate & lunch on Wednesday. It was nice catching up with her & the boys played well with her girls (even though Eddies concern before we got there was "they arent going to have any boys toys, Mommy." He was delightfully surprised & was crying when we had to leave. Then, yesterday, I was boo hooing on FB that I had run out of time to get my planned Chai Latte, then a wonderful friend showed up at the door (of the classroom where Im teaching), with a Chai Latte. What a wonderful surprise from a very thoughtful friend! The wonderful things dont end there...last night, I was invited to the Hutto City Council meeting & given a plaque to thank me for being on the Historic Preservation Commission. The mayor, the chair of my commission & one of the city employees had such kind words to say, I almost had ...
Full Custom Gospel BBQ is an extensive and exhausting look at Texas BBQ. Through reviews of BBQ joints, books and articles we have created a resource for like-minded carnivores. In short, we are The Prophets of Smoked Meat.
The hard-working researchers at the University of Texas-Dallas say theyve come up with a working prototype of the invisibility cloak made semi-famous...
hey ziwiwiwiwiwiwiwiwiwi, i saw a bunch of video clips of longhorn and they all "highlighted" these crazy window animations you mentioned. when you move a window it "flaps in the breeze" and you can do some kind of feature where all the windows spin around and rotate sort-of randomly (its more like one at a time) and you can view pictures and video in 3 (all same view in demo) rotating, circling windows. now, these things look pretty cool, but (with the excaption of the window-move) i really would only see use for them as a screen saver. the window move thing is kind of cool, but completely unnecessary. kind of like the genie-effect in window minimization of osx only more so and more unnecessary. the really messed up thing is that these graphical "features" are the only thing ive read/seen about for longhorn. what are the real improvements? i know i will likely get flamed for this, but it looks like ms is, again, trying to copy apple only this time they are trying to out do apple and they are ...
Pitcher Parker French and the bullpen combined for Texas 11th shutout of the season, while the offense rallied for all four of its runs in the bottom of the fourth inning to claim UTs record 35th trip to Omaha.
Good excuse for a Texan being late to work...Longhorn in the road? Yeah thats right...it worked for me...come on in and eavesdrop on a conversation about how long would you go without paying taxes because of your beliefs about the military is that the same as a religion belief/ Join us...your ears are always welcomed…
The Daily Texan: Serving the University of Texas at Austin community since 1900. Get the latest updates about Longhorn news, features, and opinions here!
The Daily Texan: Serving the University of Texas at Austin community since 1900. Get the latest updates about Longhorn news, features, and opinions here!
The Daily Texan: Serving the University of Texas at Austin community since 1900. Get the latest updates about Longhorn news, features, and opinions here!
Longhorn Restaurant, Tombstone: See 1,006 unbiased reviews of Longhorn Restaurant, rated 4 of 5 on TripAdvisor and ranked #2 of 23 restaurants in Tombstone.
When the first cattle set hoof in the New World more than 500 years ago, they surprised the Spanish settlers who brought them by overcoming the challenging terrain and thriving. The previously domesticated cattle from Europe became tough enough to survive droughts and floods, sweltering heat and bone-chilling cold, while grazing easily on whatever land they occupied. Amazingly, the first Longhorns were even resistant to diseases found in the New World. They lived longer and reproduced more quickly than other breeds; before long, there were millions of Longhorns roaming free, and feral herds quickly found a home in Texas.. ...
Taking the highest bid of 5500gns in the sale of Longhorns at Worcester on Saturday was Carreg Icarus, the pre-sale show champion from Bernard Llewellyn. T
Oklahoma Joes Longhorn 1060-sq in Black Charcoal Horizontal Smoker at Lowes. Oklahoma Joes smokers give the outdoor chef complete control over their smoked food via fire access doors, multiple air dampers, and a location for
Discover Lifes page about the biology, natural history, ecology, identification and distribution of Strangalepta abbreviata, Flower Longhorn Beetle image
This short film clip of Texas Longhorn cattle being herded through a corral, credited to Thomas Edison in 1897, is among some of the earliest motion picture imagery in the world.
More changes appear to be coming for the Texas Longhorns as the program is wanting to build a two-story, indoor football practice facility sometime in the near future in place of the current complex...
If youve misplaced the Shoppers Club card or keytag, contact Customer Service at: 1-800-848-1555 or [email protected] Monday - Friday 8 am-6 pm, Saturday & Sunday 8 am-5 pm ...
Linda Fregoso examines the history of Chicano literature in the United States with literary historians, artists and writers. The first of a two-part series, this show focuses on the debate about the origins of Chicano literature, the themes in.... ...
In summary, make the connection between the symptoms you experience and hormone problems. Once your doctor has evaluated you and found you healthy by conventional standards, give up on conventional ping pong techniques of sending you from specialist to specialist and from test to test. These methods do not make anyone better. They only scare you and offer you a life of fear. Find a good doctor who will listen and care and who knows how to treat you with bioidentical hormones ...
Players to watch: As we mentioned earlier, McCoy has some to improve in some areas if the Longhorns are to get back into the national title hunt. First and foremost is his decision making. After throwing only seven picks during his unprecedented freshman season, McCoy saw his interceptions increase (up to 18) and his completion percentage drop (from 68.2 to 65.1). Some of this may be in direct correlation to the injury that kept Limas Sweed, his top target, out for most of the season; nevertheless, with no Sweed or Jones to look for, McCoy needs to know when to throw the ball away or when to tuck it away instead of forcing a bad throw. Speaking of running the ball, McCoy rushed for 492 yards last fall, making him the teams leading returning rusher. Though the Longhorns will be without the aforementioned receivers, the cupboard is not exactly bare. Far from it: McCoy will have two experienced wideouts to work with in the seniors Quan Cosby (60 receptions for 680 yards) and Jordan Shipley (27 for ...
This is a great looking western style drawer pull for cabinets, furniture, or any other artistic application. The dimensions are: Width 4 7/8 Height 1 7/8 Screw Hole Distance 1 1/2 We will ship any number of these to any location in the United States for a flat fee of $5.00. We
The only thing worse than being strapped with the BCS formula is suffering the misinformation propagated by those who do not understand it. At least four times this week, the Back Judge was assaulted with the assertion that a Southern California-Texas title tilt in the Rose Bowl was a virtual guarantee if the Trojans and Longhorns win out.
125. Thats how many young men are on the Texas Longhorns roster. 125 young men that practiced and played (to some extent, even if it was on the scout team) , 125 young men that ...
LongHorn Steakhouse, Cranberry Township: See 85 unbiased reviews of LongHorn Steakhouse, rated 4 of 5 on TripAdvisor and ranked #19 of 126 restaurants in Cranberry Township.
LongHorn Steakhouse, Monroe: See 75 unbiased reviews of LongHorn Steakhouse, rated 4 of 5 on TripAdvisor and ranked #25 of 224 restaurants in Monroe.
Audio recordings including interviews, music, and informational programs related to the Mexican American community and their concerns in the series "The Mexican American Experience" and "A esta hora conversamos" from the Longhorn Radio Network, 1976-1982.. ...
Federal scientists are about to begin an aerial forest-spraying program outside Halifax, which they hope will slow the spread of the brown spruce longhorn beetle.
After a woman in Spotsylvania County, Virgina, was bitten by a copperhead inside a LongHorn Steakhouse, experts question whether interactions with the deadly snakes are on the rise.
The medieval cattle drives were the stuff of legend. Every year, tough Hungarian cowboys drove tens of thousands of half-wild longhorns across the Danube River to the beef markets of Western Europe,
Experience the beauty and diversity of South African National Parks, Travel and explore South Africa! Nature Conservation, Accommodation, Activities, Reservations
Before you pass judgement on the people of Granite Falls you should be aware of some facts. This 85 year old man has at least a 10 year history of neglecting his animals and the law. I have over the past 10 years rescued more than 16 horses from his property, which were in varying stages of starvation. He has been charged for animals neglect and investigated by authorities repeatedly. I have pictures of animals I have removed from his posession that would make you sick. To be honest butchering these poor animals is a far less cruel fate than that which he would subject them to. It is not his age that keeps him from caring for them its a blatant disregard for life and the suffering of others. I have gone to help him care for the animals in the past and he doesnt want to be bothered with it. There is a long history with Hiram that outsiders dont know about. I care for the man and have enjoyed his company in the past, but I can no longer watch what he does to these animals over and over without ...
Sculpin IPA is a American IPA style beer brewed by Ballast Point Brewing Company in San Diego, CA. 4.39 average with 14015 ratings, reviews and opinions.
Sculpin IPA is a American IPA style beer brewed by Ballast Point Brewing Company in San Diego, CA. 4.39 average with 14145 ratings, reviews and opinions.
Statue of t.u. mascot Bevo with sawed-off horns (Texas longhorn cow, a mascot of competing sport teams from University of Texas at Austin) near Aggieland Outfitters store on George Bush Drive near Texas A and M University. College Station, Texas, December 7, ...
Darden Restaurants, owner of Red Lobster, Olive Garden, and LongHorn Steakhouse, is launching a sustainable restaurant design initiative.
Gabriel, R. & Longhorn, S.J. 2015. Revised generic placement of Brachypelma embrithes (Chamberlin & Ivie, 1936) and Brachypelma angustum Valerio, 1980, with definition of the taxonomic features for identification of female Sericopelma Ausserer, 1875 (Araneae, Theraphosidae). Zookeys, 526: 75-104. doi: 10.3897/zookeys.526.6315 Full article reference page ...
As a newly admitted student one of the first steps that you need to take is signing up for orientation. Whether you are a first-year or transfer student, orientation is a necessary part of becoming a Longhorn. Sign-up for an orientation session.
Like Browns other teammates, he was so conditioned to being ignored by defenders he didnt even notice when the Cyclones sent a double-team in his direction Tuesday during the Longhorns 62-55 victory at the Erwin Center. With Brown mired in his worst slump of the season, the role players around him suddenly became the guys relied upon in key situations. [...] after Iowa State rallied to pull within seven in the final six minutes, freshmen Myck Kabongo and Sheldon McClellan calmly drained two midrange jumpers apiece to ensure the Longhorns would end their three-game losing streak. For the Longhorns (13-7, 3-4 in the Big 12), the balanced approach at least temporarily provided a boost to their hopes of reaching the NCAA tournament. If there were any outward signs of frustration on the court, they came from Iowa States Royce White, who had 15 points and 15 rebounds but endured a horrific stretch in the second half when he missed six consecutive free throws and fumbled another out of his hands,
The study of the Utah sculpin (Cottus bairdi semiscaber), or Rocky Mountain bullhead as it is known locally on Logan River, Utah, is primarily one of determining its relation to game fish. Field work for this study began in 1949 and continued to March of 1951. Numbers of the Utah sculpin on Logan River have been estimated to be as high as 150 per tenth mile of stream. The larger populations are in the area of the third impoundment on Logan River and downstream ...
Clip Art Directory - Nature, Animals, Insects, Beetles previews. Really cool, creative, cartoons, illustrations, photos, webart in many subjects and styles.
The Kuri is a breed of the humpless longhorn group of cattle. The humpless longhorn grouping relates them to the Ndama cattle. They are used for meat, milk and work. They are intolerant of heat, sunlight, and can not stand long periods of drought. They are good swimmers and spend much of their time in Lake Chad.[clarification needed] DAGRIS Archived 2012-12-01 at the Wayback Machine ...
The also-rans included the University of Houston, 10 percent; Baylor University, Waco, 8 percent; Texas Tech University, Lubbock, 5 percent; Texas Christian University, Fort Worth, 4 percent; University of Texas at El Paso, 3 percent; Southern Methodist University, Dallas, 2 percent. Robert Griffin III, a former Baylor star who won the Heisman in 2011 and is now the Washington Redskins quarterback, and Johnny Manziel, last years Heisman winner, who is now A&Ms quarterback. In other sports-opinion news, the survey respondents showed a clear preference for the hapless Houston Astros baseball team - who lost 111 games this year, including their last 15 matches - over the U.S. Congress. The survey was conducted through automated telephone interviews, meaning the respondents did not speak with live interviewers.
AMES, Iowa - Freshman Georges Niang scored a season-high 18 points, Will Clyburn added 16 and Iowa State rolled past Texas 82-62 Saturday in its Big 12 home opener.. Tyrus McGee had 15 points off the bench for the Cyclones (11-4, 1-1 Big 12), who bounced back from a heartbreaking loss at No. 6 Kansas by pounding the struggling Longhorns (8-8, 0-3).. Iowa State built an 11-point halftime lead and maintained a comfortable edge the rest of the way in beating Texas for just the second time in 11 tries.. Johnathan Holmes and Julien Lewis each had 15 points to lead the Longhorns.. Texas star Sheldon McClellan, the teams leading scorer at 15.2 points per game, played just one scoreless minute. ...
Article Using molecular biomarkers and traditional morphometric measurements to assess the health of slimy sculpin (Cottus cognatus) from streams with elevated selenium in north‐eastern British Columbia. Canadian fish‐based environmental effects moni...
BASIS LS-60HR is a pale yellow or light yellow flaky powder with a slightly characteristic odor. It is a refined and hydrogenated phospholipid extracted...
Zwei Mal am Tag wird mitten in Fort Worth Geschichte lebendig. Vormittags um 11.30 Uhr und nachmittags um 16.00 Uhr treibt ein Team waschecht wirkender Cowboys eine kleine Rinderherde durch die Stadt. Dieser "Cattle Drive" mit echten Longhorns im Stockyards National Historic District ist eine der bekanntesten Attraktionen der Stadt. Meistens sind die Cowboys anschließend noch für einen kleinen Plausch oder ein Foto zu haben ...
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Feels a little West Coasty in here. Whats that smell? A new University of Texas-themed sports bar has opened in Pakistan. Heres guessing theyll subscribe to the Longhorn Network.
The family Oedemeridae includes pollen-feeding beetles that are commonly called false blister beetles in English. The Japanese name kamikiri-modoki means false longhorn (kamikiri). I found this specimen on a vending machine at night (near Inunaki Dam in Fukuoka).. ...
The worlds first wiki where authorship really matters. Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts.
The development of irrigation projects, floodplain encroachment, and stream channelization from residential development, as well as migration barriers at road crossings have resulted in a loss of habitat and connectivity among populations. Loss of riparian habitat and reduced flows in streams can increase water temperature, reducing habitat suitability. Water quality degradation from pesticides and herbicides affects this sculpin and aquatic insects prey. Dams, diversion structures, culverts, and dewatered stream channels can fragment populations resulting in loss of gene flow. Introduced fish can increase predation and competition." Source: Idaho Fish and Game, http://fishandgame.idaho.gov/ifwis/cwcs/pdf/Wood%20River%20Sculpin.pdf ...
The tragic death of 61-year-old Gabriel Palacios led to several inspections of the San Antonio, Texas, company he was working for. The inspections were performed by the Department of Labors Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA); and the company cited is Longhorn Contractors, which is a framing business. Proposed penalties for citations released on December 8, 2015, equal $80,190 and are imposed for a worksite in Kyle, Texas, and another worksite in Live Oak. Palacios was a 20-year employee, and he died as a result of falling 35 feet from a roof.. The following are OSHAs allegations of safety violations against Longhorn Contractors with regard to the Live Oak worksite:. Unstable objects were allegedly used as a working platform. Specifically, on or about August 27, 2015, a worker standing on a chain being used as a guard rail on a field-designed platform elevated by a rough-terrain forklift was exposed to a fall of about 9 feet in height to the ground level below as he was ...
AUSTIN, Texas (AP) - The University of Texas has announced a fund-raising website for Longhorns basketball player Andrew Jones as he undergoes treatment for leukemia. The sites donation tracker showed more than $32,000 pledged within the first few hours after it was launched. Texas announced Wednesday the 20-year-old sophomore had started treatments for leukemia, but disclosed no more details on his condition or diagnosis. Jones had returned to the Longhorns after considering a move to the NBA after his freshman season.
A picture is worth a thousand words and, thanks to YouTube, almost every new trend, scandalous leader and singing idol can be viewed after the tapping of a few keys. Today we are linking you to a cattle related video that deals with disease with TB in badgers. Before you raise your stop sign, keep an open mind for a minute. After all it could be TB in Canadian or American deer or wild bison. It could be brucellosis. After watching this 2011 film entitled, "Mayday at Heolfawr Cross" we hope you dont remain on the fence, even though that is the final view we have of Dai Bevan as we see the destruction of his lifes work raising Longhorn cattle in Wales? Another stop sign? Longhorns are not Holsteins! Wales is not Canada or the US. Take a few minutes to see if there is anything to learn or, at the very least, who is to blame?. Oops! Theres the first mistake. If we decide that laying blame is the only outcome we seek, then there will never be a different ending to this sad story.. ...
LS-5 is a trademark and brand of LSI Solutions, Inc.. Filed to USPTO On Wednesday, March 30, 2016, The LS-5 covers sutures for mitral valve chordae replacement in minimally invasive cardiac surgical procedures. Search for other trademarks at Trademarkia.
The traditional Morgan horse and the Texas Longhorn cattle, have been added to the American Livestock Breed Conservancys list of endangered breeds.
Junior tailback Ricky Williams filled the halls with laughterupon hearing the news. Williams was standing in the offices ofthe Piedmont Boll Weevils, the Philadelphia Phillies Class Aoutpost in Kannapolis, N.C., where he was spending the summerplaying the outfield. He had just heard that Longhorns coachJohn Mackovic plans to get him 20 to 25 carries per game thisseason, compared with the 17 he averaged as a fullback in 1996."Wow, that surprises me," Williams said. "All right!"
DOBIE NOTES: The Longhorns saw a streak of seven straight wins in season openers come to an end with the memorable 55-48 loss to Spring. … Dobie will be trying to avoid its first 0-2 start to a season since 1989. … With the 48 points in its opener, Dobie raised its opening-game scoring average from 17.0 to 18.3 in its 32-year history.. ...
We had a double lot and part of it was let grow semi wild and it was always full of butterflies and had lots of milkweed with these wonderful red longhorn beetles. They would make a squeeking noise when picked up. There were also large dragnflies and my mother would warn me not to try to catch them because they would sew my mouth shut. As for gardening we had an elderly neighbor who gardened and both my sister and I would visit him as he worked in his garden and he would give us fresh vegetables. Mr. Crandell was kind of a "free thinker" and I used to sit with him in the evening and we would talk about plants and animals. He was a big influence on me ...
March, 2016. Hello, friends, supporters, fellow Longhorns.. As I look back on my first full year as Vice Provost of the University of Texas Libraries, Im amazed at how much weve accomplished. There has been much transformation in these Libraries - both materially and strategically - as it should be in any institution that hopes to remain vibrant in order to meet the ever-evolving needs of its constituents. Weve seen the reimagining of spaces, long in the planning, come to fruition for the benefit of our users. Weve watched dynamic projects emerge from the seeds of ideas to become beneficial realities for our patrons and ourselves. Weve contemplated our practices, and begun to adapt them to the change that constantly surrounds us.. What has been presented to me as an opportunity to take a fully-formed institution and reconceive it to meet critical new priorities and demands has been a humbling experience. Im setting a course for a new destination, and I hope youll join us on this ...
One of Dr. Feinermans investigations focuses on the longhorn crazy ant (Paratrechina loncornis), one of the most common ant species worldwide, and one of the few species capable of pulling a load collectively. By studying these ants, Dr. Feinermans team has identified and quantified a number of social "tipping points" - including one that defines the balance between conformism and individual action.. In a recent publication in the eLife, Dr. Feinerman demonstrated that, when an individual ant finds food worth gathering, it returns to the nest using a stop-and-go motion, repeatedly laying down small scent markers which - like the pebbles in the story of Hansel and Gretel - lead other ants to the target. But once the "moving crew" arrives, the carrier ants - none of whom has all the information required to chart the best route - lay down short, additional markers representing their own scent-based "suggestions" about directional strategy. And while these suggestions may be wrong, and although ...
Use as straight ladders commonly found in numerous industrial, commercial, and residential applications. Ideal for museum quality and smaller scale model construction where assembly speed, profile accuracy and cost are the determining factors. ...
VEGF-shRNA downregulates expression of VEGF and Del1 in vitro. LS-174T cells were transfected with VEGF-shRNA and harvested 48 h later. (A) VEGF (upper row) and
Abstract: The maintenance of homeostatic equilibrium is one of the main challenges facing marine fishes. Ammonia is a toxic byproduct of protein digestion and therefore must be regulated and excreted. Since the discovery of Rhesus glycoproteins roles in ammonia excretion in 2007, many species of fish have been studied (Nakada et al. 2007b). Rhesus glycoprotein orthologs, Rhag, Rhbg, Rhcg1, and Rhcg2, have been localized to the gillsof Takifugu rubripes, the puffer fish, while Rhp2 has been localized to the kidney of the marine elasmobranch Triakis scyllium, the banded houndshark. This study looked at the marine elasmobranch Squalus acanthias, spiny dogfish, and the marine teleost Myoxocephalus octodecemspinous, longhorned sculpin. We hypothesize that both the spiny dogfish and the longhorned sculpin utilize Rhesus glycoprotein orthologs in the excretion and movement of ammonia and its byproducts. To date we have cloned a partial fragment of Rhp2 (1040bp) from the spiny dogfish and partial ...
Jordan Hicks, who led the Longhorns in tackles before hurting his hip on Sept. 15 at Ole Miss, will not be available for Saturdays game against No. 8 West Virginia due to the injury, UT announced. Hicks also missed last weeks victory at Oklahoma State.. Hicks absence weakens a position from which the No. 11 Longhorns have received precious little production so far this season. Defensive coordinator Manny Diaz acknowledged this week that his other linebackers, including starters Steve Edmond and Demarco Cobbs, have underperformed.. With Hicks out, the Longhorns might be forced to rely on a dime package of six defensive backs against West Virginias Geno Smith, the nations most efficient passer. But that could present a different problem, because UT is also considering pulling safety Adrian Phillips from the starting lineup due to tackling difficulties.. Elsewhere on UTs official Friday injury report, the Longhorns confirmed the previously reported news that tailback Malcolm Brown (ankle) is ...
[106 Pages Report] Check for Discount on Global Antifreeze Proteins (AFP) Sales Market Report 2017 report by QYResearch Group. In this report, the global Antifreeze Proteins (AFP) market is...
Staff members at the Wichita Mountains Wildlife Refuge and a handful of volunteer cowboys will round up 100 wild longhorn cattle for auction.. Tagged with: cattle cattle auction longhorn longhorn cattle Public Service Public Service coverage Stockman Oklahoma Livestock Marketing Wichita Mountains Wildlife Refuge. Read More » ...
Woodworm infestation of untreated timber is a relatively common problem. The House Longhorn beetle was a particular problem in the UK prior to the introduction of pretreated timber in the 1960s. The House Longhorn beetle measures up to 25 mm long when mature, and can lay up to 200 eggs on the rough surface of untreated timber. After 2-3 weeks, the larvae emerge and bore into the timber. They can be detected by the powdery deposits known as frass left on the surface and the bore holes of around 3 mm diameter. Other woodborer insects include: ...
In Chapter 1, "The Old Man of La Chapelle: The Patriarch of Paleo," author Lydia Pyne explains the publics evolving conception of the first complete Neanderthal skeleton found and described by scientists.. 1 Comment. ...
They did surgery on him for about 8 hours or so. His face got hit with something and his left eye is a little blurry and swollen but Im pretty sure hell be able to see fine when the swelling goes down. He has a vertebrae that is compressed (I believe thats what they said, I dont think it was shattered but it may have been). His right arm is ok for the most part. His right hand mobility is stiff but he made a Longhorn sign for me yesterday! :o) His left arm is in bad shape. There is a bone missing (probably crushed) so theyve had to leave his arm open until they decide how to fix it. He has broken ribs but neither lung was punctured. He has no major internal problems in regards to organs or brain. His pelvis is completely crushed and hell have to have a hip replacement because of it. His right leg is broken and his right ankle crushed. I believe theyve already done some surgery on the ankle because hes in a cast (Im not sure if its a hard one yet or a soft one bc it was mostly covered ...
Sorry about the delay on day 5, but I forgot my hard drive at the lab Friday night, and was right back into heavy data collection yesterday. I post these nice images of insect flight now to make it up, starting with a lovely Longhorn Beetle of the genus Necydalis. Check out the short elytra…
This image shows the new longhorn beetle subspecies [I]Saperda populnea lapponica[/I] (bottom) and its closely related previously known subspecies [I]Saperda populnea populnea[/I] (top).
A cattle baron who moved longhorn herds from Texas into New Mexico in the mid 1800s, John Chisum founded one of the largest cattle ranches in the West.
Animal Beetle Close-ups Daytime Hexapod Insect Long-horned One Separately Singly: 2 assigned downloads, like Small Longhorn Beetle (Rhagium inquisitor) from stock-photos
Universal Newsreel footage of cowboys herding a somewhat gaunt herd of Longhorn cattle through the border town of Eagle Pass. The cowboys round up the cattle, run them through a pesticide dip, and finally drive them through the streets of town.
I fished one of my #7 rods in 9 foot length using big Sculpin flies a few weeks back. At the end of the 2 days it was obvious that my right shoulder w
Market Research Report on Antifreeze Proteins (AFP) Market begins with definition, application, classification, industry chain analysis, news analysis, region, revenue, forecast, demand, growth, trends and policy analysis of the market.. This report studies Antifreeze Proteins (AFP) in Global market, especially in North America, Europe, China, Japan, Southeast Asia and India, focuses on top manufacturers in global market, with capacity, production, price, revenue and market share for each manufacturer. Access Full Report With TOC: http://www.fiormarkets.com/report/global-antifreeze-proteins-afp-market-research-report-2016-16319.html. Covering Manufacturers ...
Fish antifreeze protein. Molecular model of a fish antifreeze protein (AFP) from the winter flounder (Pseudopleuronectes americanus). - Stock Image F009/6275
Insect antifreeze protein. Molecular model of an insect antifreeze protein (AFP) from the Tenebrio molitor beetle. - Stock Image F006/9320

Family » 2.4.34.01. Type III antifreeze proteinFamily » 2.4.34.01. Type III antifreeze protein

Type III antifreeze protein (1 family). *Family:. 2.4.34.01. Type III antifreeze protein PF08666, PDBsum. Ice-structuring ... Type III antifreeze protein PF08666, PDBsum (6 proteins). Protein Name. PDB ID. Species. Localization. Num. Subunits. Num. TM ... Type III antifreeze protein nfeAFP11. 2lx2. Zoarces elongatus. Secreted. 1. 0. 5.3 ± 1.0. 53 ± 5. -7.0. ... Type-3 ice-structuring protein HPLC 12. 4ny6. Zoarces americanus. Secreted. 1. 0. 3.3 ± 0.8. 58 ± 9. -5.8. ...
more infohttp://opm.phar.umich.edu/families.php?family=834

Type-IV Antifreeze Proteins are Essential for Epiboly and Convergence in Gastrulation of Zebrafish EmbryosType-IV Antifreeze Proteins are Essential for Epiboly and Convergence in Gastrulation of Zebrafish Embryos

AFP: Antifreeze protein; AFP4: type-IV antifreeze proteins; afp4: type-IV antifreeze protein gene; Cag: Carassius auratus ... There are four types of antifreeze proteins (AFPs). Type-IV antifreeze proteins (AFP4s) are present also in certain temperate ... four types of AFPs, type I-IV AFPs, have been characterized in teleost fishes [22]. The type-IV antifreeze protein (AFP4) was ... we have also identified and characterized a type-IV antifreeze protein gene (afp4) [20]. Antifreeze proteins (AFPs) have been ...
more infohttp://www.ijbs.com/v10p0715.htm

ZFIN Publication: Xiao et al., 2014ZFIN Publication: Xiao et al., 2014

Antifreeze Proteins, Type IV/genetics; Antifreeze Proteins, Type IV/metabolism; Antifreeze Proteins, Type IV/physiology* (all ... Antifreeze Proteins, Type IV/genetics; Antifreeze Proteins, Type IV/metabolism; Antifreeze Proteins, Type IV/physiology*; Body ... There are four types of antifreeze proteins (AFPs). Type-IV antifreeze proteins (AFP4s) are present also in certain temperate ... Xiao, Q., Xia, J.H., Zhang, X.J., Li, Z., Wang, Y., Zhou, L., Gui, J.F. (2014) Type-IV Antifreeze Proteins are Essential for ...
more infohttp://zfin.org/ZDB-PUB-140712-4

Anti-AFP4b Rabbit Polyclonal Antibody | VWRAnti-AFP4b Rabbit Polyclonal Antibody | VWR

type IV antifreeze protein precursor.. Concentration. 1 μg/μl. Cross Adsorption. No. ... Type: Primary. Antigen: AFP4b. Clonality: Polyclonal. Clone: Conjugation: Unconjugated. Epitope: Host: Rabbit. Isotype: IgG. ... 4. Upload files that contain viruses, corrupted files, or any other similar software or programs that may damage the operation ...
more infohttps://us.vwr.com/store/product/17169735/anti-afp4b-rabbit-polyclonal-antibody

Volume 10, Issue 7Volume 10, Issue 7

Type-IV Antifreeze Proteins are Essential for Epiboly and Convergence in Gastrulation of Zebrafish Embryos Qing Xiao, Jian-Hong ... Predicting Disease-Related Proteins Based on Clique Backbone in Protein-Protein Interaction Network Lei Yang, Xudong Zhao, ...
more infohttp://www.ijbs.com/v10i7

Antifreeze Proteins Market by End Use & Type - Global Forecast 2023 | MarketsandMarketsAntifreeze Proteins Market by End Use & Type - Global Forecast 2023 | MarketsandMarkets

Antifreeze Proteins Market report categorizes the global market by End Use (Medical, Cosmetics, and Food), Type (Type I, Type ... III, and Antifreeze Glycoproteins), Source (Fish, Plants, and Insects), and Region ... Type II *Antifreeze Glycoprotein *Others (Type II and Type IV AFPs) On the basis of formulation, the antifreeze proteins market ... 4.2 Antifreeze Proteins Market Size, By Region 4.3 Antifreeze Proteins Market, By Type 4.4 Antifreeze Proteins Market, By End ...
more infohttps://www.marketsandmarkets.com/Market-Reports/antifreeze-protein-market-264931272.html

Convergent evolution of antifreeze glycoproteins in Antarctic notothenioid fish and Arctic cod | PNASConvergent evolution of antifreeze glycoproteins in Antarctic notothenioid fish and Arctic cod | PNAS

... polar and north-temperate marine teleosts had evolved a total of four structurally different types of antifreeze protein, which ... most striking example of evolution of the same type of antifreeze protein in unrelated fishes is the near-identical antifreeze ... phyletically related fishes do not necessarily possess the same type of antifreeze protein (5, 6) or vice versa for unrelated ... Before the glaciation of the polar regions, antifreeze protein would not be needed for survival in the ancestral stocks of the ...
more infohttps://www.pnas.org/content/94/8/3817.long

Type-2 ice-structuring protein (IPR002353) | InterPro | EMBL-EBIType-2 ice-structuring protein (IPR002353) | InterPro | EMBL-EBI

We combine protein signatures from a number of member databases into a single searchable resource, capitalising on their ... InterPro provides functional analysis of proteins by classifying them into families and predicting domains and important sites ... Comparative modeling of the three-dimensional structure of type II antifreeze protein.. Protein Sci. 4 460-71 1995 ... type II AFPs of sea-raven, smelt and herring are Cys-rich proteins; and type III AFPs, found in Eel pouts, are rich in beta- ...
more infohttp://www.ebi.ac.uk/interpro/entry/IPR002353

The type I antifreeze protein gene family in PleuronectidaeThe type I antifreeze protein gene family in Pleuronectidae

Genomic DNA from four starry flounder was Southern blotted and probed with a cDNA of a winter flounder liver AFP. The ... Antifreeze proteins (AFPs) protect marine teleosts from freezing in icy seawater by binding to nascent ice crystals and ... CollectionsPublished DatesAuthorsTitlesSubjectsTypesThis CollectionPublished DatesAuthorsTitlesSubjectsTypes ... This analysis is complicated by the fact that there are three different type I AFP isoforms. The first is expressed in the ...
more infohttps://qspace.library.queensu.ca/handle/1974/1683

Nighthawks Open Institutional Repository - University of North Georgia Annual Research Conference: 4. Antifreeze proteins:...Nighthawks Open Institutional Repository - University of North Georgia Annual Research Conference: 4. Antifreeze proteins:...

The majority of early studies on AFPs focused on polar fish species (AFGP and AFP types I-IV), but have more recently expanded ... An effective strategy for cold resistance is the expression of antifreeze proteins (AFPs) - a class of polypeptides that allow ... Chilling slows cellular function, alters protein-protein interactions, and reduces membrane fluidity, among other effects. ... One class of AFGPs and six classes of AFPs (AFP types I-V, and plant) have been identified in a wide variety of species. These ...
more infohttps://digitalcommons.northgeorgia.edu/ngresearchconf/2017/biology/23/

MacOdrum Library - Carletons Institutional Repository:
  Expression of freeze-responsive proteins, Fr10 and Li16, from freeze...MacOdrum Library - Carleton's Institutional Repository: Expression of freeze-responsive proteins, Fr10 and Li16, from freeze...

Analysis of the structures indicated that Fr10 is a secreted protein and may be a new type IV antifreeze protein, whereas Li16 ... To investigate how these novel proteins protect cells from freezing damage, protein structures were predicted from primary ... To date, two novel freeze-responsive proteins, Fr10 and Li16, have been discovered in the wood frog, Rana sylvatica, and likely ... To assess the ability of Fr10 and Li16 to confer freeze tolerance, we transfected each protein into a freeze-intolerant ...
more infohttps://ir.library.carleton.ca/pub/6955

Global Antifreeze Proteins (AFP) Sales Market Report 2017 : ReportsnReportsGlobal Antifreeze Proteins (AFP) Sales Market Report 2017 : ReportsnReports

In this report, the global Antifreeze Proteins (AFP) market is... ... Check for Discount on Global Antifreeze Proteins (AFP) Sales ... by Type. 2.2.1 Global Antifreeze Proteins (AFP) Sales and Market Share by Type (2012-2017). 2.2.2 Global Antifreeze Proteins ( ... 4.3 China Antifreeze Proteins (AFP) Sales Volume and Market Share by Type. 4.4 China Antifreeze Proteins (AFP) Sales Volume and ... 6.3 Japan Antifreeze Proteins (AFP) Sales Volume and Market Share by Type. 6.4 Japan Antifreeze Proteins (AFP) Sales Volume and ...
more infohttp://www.reportsnreports.com/reports/865873-global-antifreeze-proteins-afp-sales-market-report-2017.html

Genetically modified livestock - WikipediaGenetically modified livestock - Wikipedia

Pout also have antifreeze proteins in their blood, which allow the GM salmon to survive near-freezing waters and continue their ... The wild-type salmon takes 24 to 30 months to reach market size (4-6 kg) whereas the producers of the GM salmon claim it ... This allows the fish to produce GH all year round for faster growth as the wild-type fish produces the hormone for only part of ... Goats have been genetically engineered to produce milk containing strong spiderweb-like silk proteins. In November 2015, the ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Genetically_modified_livestock

Antifreeze protein - WikipediaAntifreeze protein - Wikipedia

Type IV AFPs are found in longhorn sculpins. They are alpha helical proteins rich in glutamate and glutamine. This protein is ... Fish Antifreeze Produced in Pancreas Antifreeze Proteins: Molecule of the Month, by David Goodsell, RCSB Protein Data Bank. ... Deng G, Andrews DW, Laursen RA (January 1997). "Amino acid sequence of a new type of antifreeze protein, from the longhorn ... See also dehydrin There are two types of insect antifreeze proteins, Tenebrio and Dendroides AFPs which are both in different ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antifreeze_protein

Effect of the antifreeze protein on the microstructure of strawberries (Fragaria ananassa Duch)Effect of the antifreeze protein on the microstructure of strawberries (Fragaria ananassa Duch)

The antifreeze protein, Type I AFP, from fish, was purchased from A/F Protein Inc. (Boston/USA), containing 50% protein. ... the upper part would theoretically show greater protein impregnation. The upper part was sectioned into four parts, of which ¼ ... samples impregnated with antifreeze protein (c-d), and samples without antifreeze protein (e-f). Samples a, c, e are from the ... samples impregnated with antifreeze protein (c-d), and samples without antifreeze protein (e-f). Samples a, c and e are from ...
more infohttp://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1981-67232019000100424

Transcriptomic assessment of resistance to effects of an aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) agonist in embryos of Atlantic...Transcriptomic assessment of resistance to effects of an aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) agonist in embryos of Atlantic...

We compared gene expression profiles and the response to 3,3,4,4,5-pentachlorobiphenyl (PCB-126) exposure in embryos (5 and ... type II antifreeze protein precursor and an unannotated gene (UnAn_22354).. Deep sequencing. To obtain an independent ... WAP four-disulfide core domain protein 3 precursor (Putative protease inhibitor WAP14)_6790 # ... type II antifreeze protein precursor, and an unannotated gene (UnAn_22873). As seen at the other times, the average magnitude ...
more infohttps://bmcgenomics.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1471-2164-12-263

PlumX - Interactions of β-Helical Antifreeze Protein Mutants with IcePlumX - Interactions of β-Helical Antifreeze Protein Mutants with Ice

We found that no mutant exhibited the dramatic activity of the wild-type version of this hyperactive antifreeze protein. ... However, mutants containing four valines or tyrosines in place of the threonines in the center of the TmAFP ice-binding face ... The results are discussed in the context of a two-stage model for the absorption−inhibition mechanism of antifreeze protein ... The fold of the β-helical antifreeze protein from Tenebrio molitor (TmAFP) proved to be surprisingly tolerant of multiple amino ...
more infohttps://plu.mx/plum/a/?repo_url=https://mds.marshall.edu/physics_faculty/48

Global and Regional Antifreeze Proteins (AFP) Market Research Report 2017 - RnR Market ResearchGlobal and Regional Antifreeze Proteins (AFP) Market Research Report 2017 - RnR Market Research

Global and Regional Antifreeze Proteins (AFP) Market Research Report 2017 is a market research report available at US $3500 for ... Type and Application, Forecast to 2023. Global Antifreeze Proteins (AFP) Market by Manufacturers, Countries, Type and ... Antifreeze proteins, also known as thermal hysteresis proteins, ice binding proteins and ice structuring proteins (ISP). ... Global Antifreeze Proteins (AFP) Market Research Report 2018. Global Antifreeze Proteins (AFP) Sales Market Report 2018. Global ...
more infohttp://www.rnrmarketresearch.com/global-and-regional-antifreeze-proteins-afp-market-research-report-2017-market-report.html

Antievolution.org - Antievolution.org Discussion Board -Topic::The Origin of Information via natural causesAntievolution.org - Antievolution.org Discussion Board -Topic::The Origin of 'Information' via natural causes

Guess what? Plants have evolved antifreeze proteins as well:. A Carrot Leucine-Rich-Repeat Protein That Inhibits Ice ... The kinetic behavior of the purified mutant proteins in reactions with a series of substrate analogues show that four mutations ... revealing a number of types differing in their structure and amino-acid composition. These proteins, despite their diversity, ... PGIPs belong to a large family of proteins known as the leucine-rich-repeat (LRR) proteins (22). LRR proteins contain 10 to 30 ...
more infohttp://www.antievolution.org/cgi-bin/ikonboard/ikonboard.cgi?s=50c2ff5fea412ec9

Antievolution.org - Antievolution.org Discussion Board -Topic::The Origin of Information via natural causesAntievolution.org - Antievolution.org Discussion Board -Topic::The Origin of 'Information' via natural causes

Guess what? Plants have evolved antifreeze proteins as well:. A Carrot Leucine-Rich-Repeat Protein That Inhibits Ice ... The kinetic behavior of the purified mutant proteins in reactions with a series of substrate analogues show that four mutations ... revealing a number of types differing in their structure and amino-acid composition. These proteins, despite their diversity, ... PGIPs belong to a large family of proteins known as the leucine-rich-repeat (LRR) proteins (22). LRR proteins contain 10 to 30 ...
more infohttp://www.antievolution.org/cgi-bin/ikonboard/ikonboard.cgi?s=507354228cbb5e60

Effect of glycosylation on hydration behavior at the ice-binding surface of the Ocean Pout type III antifreeze protein: a...Effect of glycosylation on hydration behavior at the ice-binding surface of the Ocean Pout type III antifreeze protein: a...

Effect of glycosylation on hydration behavior at the ice-binding surface of the Ocean Pout type III antifreeze protein: a ... Here, four long explicit molecular dynamics (MD) simulations have been carried out at two different temperatures (277 and 298 K ... Effect of glycosylation on hydration behavior at the ice-binding surface of the Ocean Pout type III antifreeze protein: a ... with and without glycan to study the conformational rigidity of the Ocean pout type III antifreeze protein in aqueous medium ...
more infohttps://tandf.figshare.com/articles/Effect_of_glycosylation_on_hydration_behavior_at_the_ice-binding_surface_of_the_Ocean_Pout_type_III_antifreeze_protein_a_molecular_dynamics_simulation/4496948/1

Global Antifreeze Proteins (AFP) Market Research Report 2018 Opportunities, Size, Cost Structure, Service Provider,...Global Antifreeze Proteins (AFP) Market Research Report 2018 Opportunities, Size, Cost Structure, Service Provider,...

... by Type) 6.1 Global 2013-2018E Antifreeze Proteins (AFP) Sales by Type 6.2 Different Types of Antifreeze Proteins (AFP) Product ... by Type Table Different Types Antifreeze Proteins (AFP) Product Interview Price Table Global 2013-2018E Antifreeze Proteins ( ... Product Type) 9.4 Antifreeze Proteins (AFP) Market Trend (Application) 10 Antifreeze Proteins (AFP) Marketing Type Analysis ... 10.1 Antifreeze Proteins (AFP) Regional Marketing Type Analysis 10.2 Antifreeze Proteins (AFP) International Trade Type ...
more infohttps://www.marketdeeper.com/global-antifreeze-proteins-afp-market-research-report-2018-14293.html

Antarctic AdaptationsAntarctic Adaptations

Antifreeze, of course! Certain fish have antifreeze proteins that lower the freezing point of their blood. These proteins ... notes about the types of organisms that are notably absent, including amphibians, reptiles, and large trees; and ... the penguins may spend most of a twenty-four-hour period sleeping to conserve energy. They need to conserve as much energy as ... Research is underway to create the antifreeze proteins used by Antarctic fish; this may one day help hospitals better preserve ...
more infohttps://www.amnh.org/explore/resource-collections/macmillan-mcgraw-hill-science-2005/science-grade-4/life-science/unit-b-animals-as-living-things/chapter-4-life-processes/antarctic-adaptations

Elsa Cabrita | - CCMARElsa Cabrita | - CCMAR

Microinjection of the antifreeze protein type III (AFPIII) in turbot (Scophthalmus maximus) embryos: Toxicity and protein ... Ler mais acerca de Microinjection of the antifreeze protein type III (AFPIII) in turbot (Scophthalmus maximus) embryos: ... Ler mais acerca de Improving Sperm Cryopreservation with Antifreeze Proteins: Effect on Gilthead Seabream (Sparus aurata) ... Improving Sperm Cryopreservation with Antifreeze Proteins: Effect on Gilthead Seabream (Sparus aurata) Plasma Membrane Lipids1 ...
more infohttps://ccmar.ualg.pt/users/ecabrita?f%5Bauthor%5D=487&order=field_short_title&sort=asc

Elsa Cabrita | - CCMARElsa Cabrita | - CCMAR

Microinjection of the antifreeze protein type III (AFPIII) in turbot (Scophthalmus maximus) embryos: Toxicity and protein ... Read more about Microinjection of the antifreeze protein type III (AFPIII) in turbot (Scophthalmus maximus) embryos: Toxicity ... Read more about Improving Sperm Cryopreservation with Antifreeze Proteins: Effect on Gilthead Seabream (Sparus aurata) Plasma ... Improving Sperm Cryopreservation with Antifreeze Proteins: Effect on Gilthead Seabream (Sparus aurata) Plasma Membrane Lipids1 ...
more infohttps://ccmar.ualg.pt/en/user/126?f%5Bauthor%5D=2965&order=title&sort=asc
  • Numerous studies have shed light on some signaling molecules [ 3 , 4 ], and some key factors that are related to cell adhesion, cytoskeletal rearrangement and cell interactions between the enveloping layer (EVL) and the yolk syncytial layer (YSL) have been suggested to play significant roles in gastrulation cell movements and embryonic development [ 5 ]. (ijbs.com)
  • AFGPs in both fishes comprise a family of at least eight size/compositional isoforms all composed of a simple glycotripeptide repeat, (Thr-Ala/Pro-Ala) n , with each Thr O-linked to the disaccharide, galactosyl- N -acetylgalactosamine, and n = 4 to ≥ 55 ( 1 - 4 , 8 , 9 ). (pnas.org)
  • In both species, afp4a and afp4b display a head-to-tail tandem arrangement and share a common 4-exonic gene structure. (ijbs.com)
  • It has been suggested that lateral gene transfer could be attributed to this discrepancy, such that the smelt acquired the type II AFP gene from the herring. (wikipedia.org)
  • p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence. (uniprot.org)
  • In addition, Npc1 (Niemann-Pick disease, type C1), a 13 transmembrane-spanning protein containing a sterol-sensing domain, was also demonstrated to contribute early morphogenetic movements including epiboly and CE movements [ 7 ]. (ijbs.com)
  • Here, four long explicit molecular dynamics (MD) simulations have been carried out at two different temperatures (277 and 298 K) with and without glycan to study the conformational rigidity of the Ocean pout type III antifreeze protein in aqueous medium and the structural arrangements of water molecules hydrating its ice-binding surface. (figshare.com)
  • There exist two types of convergent evolution: (1) mechanistic analogs that uses the same mechanisms to perform related reactions and (2) transformational analogs catalyzing exactly the same reaction. (hindawi.com)
  • Hydrophilic residues N14, T18 and Q44 are essential to antifreeze activity. (figshare.com)
  • VH is derived from a single protein domain of 35 residues [ 9 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • However, mutations of residues on the ice-binding face (IBF) of both types of AFP reduced IRI and TH activities to a similar extent. (queensu.ca)
  • These proteins confer efficient, highly effective protection against low-temperature damage. (northgeorgia.edu)
  • To assess the ability of Fr10 and Li16 to confer freeze tolerance, we transfected each protein into a freeze-intolerant silkworm cell line (BmN). (carleton.ca)
  • The Protein extraction process depends on the source and the type of antifreeze protein required. (marketreport.jp)
  • Recently, the demand for Type III has been rising due to the advancements in extraction technologies making them fit for cosmetic and food applications the Technological advancements in the field of biotechnology in countries are leading to antifreeze protein product development activities for use in medical procedures such as cryosurgery, organ transplant, and vaccines. (marketreport.jp)
  • Analysis of the diverse AFP structures solved to date indicate that their IBFs are relatively flat, occupy a significant proportion of the protein's surface area and are more hydrophobic than other surfaces of the protein. (queensu.ca)
  • Some of them have a marine margin and finish in a calving front ( Figure 2(C) ), this establishes important differences with respect to glaciers with a land margin ( Figures 2(A) , (B) ). In glaciers ending on land, there is continuous permafrost at ice front ( Figure 2(A) ), while calving glaciers present partly or completely temperate tidewater tongues [ 4 ]. (intechopen.com)
  • This flatfish is presumed to produce type I AFP, which is an alanine-rich, amphipathic alpha-helix. (queensu.ca)
  • Type I AFP consists of a single, long, amphipathic alpha helix, about 3.3-4.5 kD in size. (wikipedia.org)
  • p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge. (uniprot.org)
  • Protein design methods use trial and error or more sophisticated methods like directed evolution or inverse folding to generate novel scaffolds or to find novel protein sequences folding into a defined scaffold, respectively. (hindawi.com)
  • Therefore, it is possible to select a single protein with appropriate characteristics and a suitable level of activity for a specific food product. (marketsandmarkets.com)
  • One of the methods that have been proposed is a multiobjective optimization, in which protein stability and catalytic activity are simultaneously optimized [ 4 , 5 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Several methods have been proposed to design novel stable proteins, such as multi-objective optimization, in which protein stability and catalytic activity are simultaneously optimized. (hindawi.com)
  • Using site-directed mutagenesis, a total of sixteen threonine substitutions were made on one of the four faces of a cyanobacterial protein with no endogenous TH activity. (queensu.ca)
  • The inclusion of eight paired threonines on one face of this quadrilateral helix gave the engineered protein low levels of TH activity, but at the cost of destabilizing the structure to some extent. (queensu.ca)
  • The other objectives include analyzing opportunities in the market for stakeholders and providing a competitive landscape of market trends, analyzing the macro- and micro-indicators of this market, and projecting the size of the antifreeze proteins market and its submarkets, in terms of value as well as volume. (marketsandmarkets.com)
  • The top-down and bottom-up approaches have been used to estimate and validate the size of the antifreeze proteins market and to estimate the size of various other dependent submarkets in the overall market. (marketsandmarkets.com)
  • From rotational auto correlation function of water molecules around ice-binding sites, it is prominent that with increase in temperature, strong interaction between the water oxygen and the hydrogen bond acceptor group on the protein-binding surface decreases. (figshare.com)
  • Earlier, there was no technology available, which could help to store the organs for organ transplant below a specific temperature because of the probable damage to the organ, but with an in-depth R&D in Ice structuring protein, the temperature range and the period for which an organ can be stored has widened up. (ukprwire.com)
  • The fold of the β-helical antifreeze protein from Tenebrio molitor (TmAFP) proved to be surprisingly tolerant of multiple amino acid substitutions, enabling the construction of a panel of mutants displaying grids of single amino acid types in place of the threonines on the ice-binding face. (plu.mx)
  • This work aimed to evaluate the effects of antifreeze proteins on the microstructure and physicochemical characteristics of strawberries grown in a hydroponic system. (scielo.br)
  • Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest. (uniprot.org)
  • The antifreeze protein impregnated strawberries showed no statistical differences with respect to the physicochemical properties, but the drip loss was statistically lower from the thawed strawberries treated with the antifreeze protein. (scielo.br)