Antifreeze Proteins: Proteins that bind to ice and modify the growth of ice crystals. They perform a cryoprotective role in a variety of organisms.Antifreeze Proteins, Type I: A subclass of ANTIFREEZE PROTEINS that are 3-5 kDa in size and contain a single alanine-rich amphipathic alpha-helix.Antifreeze Proteins, Type III: A subclass of ANTIFREEZE PROTEINS that are globular, 6.5 kDa in size and contain compact beta-sheet structures.Ice: The solid substance formed by the FREEZING of water.Flounder: Common name for two families of FLATFISHES belonging to the order Pleuronectiformes: left-eye flounders (Bothidae) and right-eye flounders (Pleuronectidae). The latter is more commonly used in research.Freezing: Liquids transforming into solids by the removal of heat.Antifreeze Proteins, Type IV: A subclass of ANTIFREEZE PROTEINS that contain four amphipathic alpha-helices folded into an antiparallel helix bundle.Antifreeze Proteins, Type II: A subclass of ANTIFREEZE PROTEINS that have a cystine-rich globular structure of approximately 14 kD.Tenebrio: A genus of beetles which infests grain products. Its larva is called mealworm.Fishes: A group of cold-blooded, aquatic vertebrates having gills, fins, a cartilaginous or bony endoskeleton, and elongated bodies covered with scales.Retinol-Binding Proteins, Cellular: A subclass of retinol-binding proteins that take part in the intracellular storage and transport of RETINOL. They are both functionally and structurally distinct from PLASMA RETINOL-BINDING PROTEINS.Osmeriformes: An order of fish including smelts, galaxiids, and salamanderfish.Fish Proteins: Proteins obtained from species of fish (FISHES).Marinomonas: A genus of gram-negative, aerobic bacteria in the family OCEANOSPIRILLACEAE. Members of this genus have the ability to synthesize MELANIN pigments.Eels: Common name for an order (Anguilliformes) of voracious, elongate, snakelike teleost fishes.Antarctic Regions: The continent lying around the South Pole and the southern waters of the Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian Oceans. It includes the Falkland Islands Dependencies. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p55)Glycoproteins: Conjugated protein-carbohydrate compounds including mucins, mucoid, and amyloid glycoproteins.Bone Morphogenetic Protein Receptors, Type II: A subtype of bone morphogenetic protein receptors with low affinity for BONE MORPHOGENETIC PROTEINS. They are constitutively active PROTEIN-SERINE-THREONINE KINASES that can interact with and phosphorylate TYPE I BONE MORPHOGENETIC PROTEIN RECEPTORS.Flatfishes: Common name for the order Pleuronectiformes. A very distinctive group in that during development they become asymmetrical, i.e., one eye migrates to lie adjacent to the other. They swim on the eyeless side. FLOUNDER, sole, and turbot, along with several others, are included in this order.Salmoniformes: An order of fish comprising salmons, trouts, whitefish, graylings, and other families. They are both marine and freshwater fish, found in all oceans and are quite numerous in the Northern Hemisphere. (From Nelson: Fishes of the World)Amino Acid Sequence: The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Secale cereale: A hardy grain crop, rye, grown in northern climates. It is the most frequent host to ergot (CLAVICEPS), the toxic fungus. Its hybrid with TRITICUM is TRITICALE, another grain.Beetles: INSECTS of the order Coleoptera, containing over 350,000 species in 150 families. They possess hard bodies and their mouthparts are adapted for chewing.Cold Climate: A climate characterized by COLD TEMPERATURE for a majority of the time during the year.Lysosomal-Associated Membrane Protein 2: An abundant lysosomal-associated membrane protein that has been found to shuttle between LYSOSOMES; ENDOSOMES; and the PLASMA MEMBRANE. Loss of expression of lysosomal-associated membrane protein 2 is associated with GLYCOGEN STORAGE DISEASE TYPE IIB.Bone Morphogenetic Protein Receptors, Type I: A subtype of bone morphogenetic protein receptors with high affinity for BONE MORPHOGENETIC PROTEINS. They can interact with and undergo PHOSPHORYLATION by BONE MORPHOGENETIC PROTEIN RECEPTORS, TYPE II. They signal primarily through RECEPTOR-REGULATED SMAD PROTEINS.Daucus carota: A plant species of the family APIACEAE that is widely cultivated for the edible yellow-orange root. The plant has finely divided leaves and flat clusters of small white flowers.Retinol-Binding Proteins: Proteins which bind with RETINOL. The retinol-binding protein found in plasma has an alpha-1 mobility on electrophoresis and a molecular weight of about 21 kDa. The retinol-protein complex (MW=80-90 kDa) circulates in plasma in the form of a protein-protein complex with prealbumin. The retinol-binding protein found in tissue has a molecular weight of 14 kDa and carries retinol as a non-covalently-bound ligand.Snow: Frozen water crystals that fall from the ATMOSPHERE.Models, Molecular: Models used experimentally or theoretically to study molecular shape, electronic properties, or interactions; includes analogous molecules, computer-generated graphics, and mechanical structures.Crystallization: The formation of crystalline substances from solutions or melts. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Protein Conformation: The characteristic 3-dimensional shape of a protein, including the secondary, supersecondary (motifs), tertiary (domains) and quaternary structure of the peptide chain. PROTEIN STRUCTURE, QUATERNARY describes the conformation assumed by multimeric proteins (aggregates of more than one polypeptide chain).Smad1 Protein: A receptor-regulated smad protein that undergoes PHOSPHORYLATION by BONE MORPHOGENETIC PROTEIN RECEPTORS. It regulates BONE MORPHOGENETIC PROTEIN signaling and plays an essential role in EMBRYONIC DEVELOPMENT.Protein Structure, Secondary: The level of protein structure in which regular hydrogen-bond interactions within contiguous stretches of polypeptide chain give rise to alpha helices, beta strands (which align to form beta sheets) or other types of coils. This is the first folding level of protein conformation.Perciformes: The most diversified of all fish orders and the largest vertebrate order. It includes many of the commonly known fish such as porgies, croakers, sunfishes, dolphin fish, mackerels, TUNA, etc.Cold Temperature: An absence of warmth or heat or a temperature notably below an accustomed norm.Neutron Diffraction: The scattering of NEUTRONS by matter, especially crystals, with accompanying variation in intensity due to interference effects. It is useful in CRYSTALLOGRAPHY and POWDER DIFFRACTION.Base Sequence: The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.Smad6 Protein: An inhibitory Smad protein that negatively regulates the SIGNAL TRANSDUCTION PATHWAYS from BONE MORPHOGENETIC PROTEIN RECEPTORS. Smad6 inhibits PHOSPHORYLATION of SMAD2 PROTEIN and SMAD3 PROTEIN.Gadiformes: An order of fish including the families Gadidae (cods), Macrouridae (grenadiers), and hakes. The large Gadidae family includes cod, haddock, whiting, and pollock.Siphonaptera: An order of parasitic, blood-sucking, wingless INSECTS with the common name of fleas.Circular Dichroism: A change from planar to elliptic polarization when an initially plane-polarized light wave traverses an optically active medium. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Acclimatization: Adaptation to a new environment or to a change in the old.Collagen Type III: A fibrillar collagen consisting of three identical alpha1(III) chains that is widely distributed in many tissues containing COLLAGEN TYPE I. It is particularly abundant in BLOOD VESSELS and may play a role in tissues with elastic characteristics.Smad5 Protein: A receptor-regulated smad protein that undergoes PHOSPHORYLATION by BONE MORPHOGENETIC PROTEIN RECEPTORS. It regulates BONE MORPHOGENETIC PROTEIN signaling and is essential for PHYSIOLOGICAL ANGIOGENESIS.Insect Proteins: Proteins found in any species of insect.Solutions: The homogeneous mixtures formed by the mixing of a solid, liquid, or gaseous substance (solute) with a liquid (the solvent), from which the dissolved substances can be recovered by physical processes. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Manubrium: The upper or most anterior segment of the STERNUM which articulates with the CLAVICLE and first two pairs of RIBS.Oxo-Acid-Lyases: Enzymes that catalyze the cleavage of a carbon-carbon bond of a 3-hydroxy acid. (Dorland, 28th ed) EC 4.1.3.Mycoplasma synoviae: A species of gram-negative bacteria pathogenic to CHICKENS; TURKEYS, and guinea fowls. It causes disease in a wide variety of organs and tissues including JOINTS, tendon sheaths and the RESPIRATORY TRACT.Search Engine: Software used to locate data or information stored in machine-readable form locally or at a distance such as an INTERNET site.Databases, Genetic: Databases devoted to knowledge about specific genes and gene products.Neuraminic AcidsHymenolepis nana: The smallest species of TAPEWORMS. It is the only cestode that parasitizes humans without requiring an intermediate host.Genome, Human: The complete genetic complement contained in the DNA of a set of CHROMOSOMES in a HUMAN. The length of the human genome is about 3 billion base pairs.

Determination of the solution structure of the N-domain plus linker of Antarctic eel pout antifreeze protein RD3. (1/19)

RD3, a new antifreeze protein (AFP) extracted from antarctic eel pout is a single polypeptide divided into homologous N-terminal (residues Asn(1)-Glu(64)) and C-terminal (residues Ser(74)-Glu(134)) domains, each of which has a high sequence identity with Type III AFP. A 9-residue linker (-D(65)GTTSPGLK(73)-) connects these two domains in tandem and is thought to play a significant role in defining the nature of the intact molecule. The present paper shows for the first time the solution structure and preliminary (15)N-NMR backbone dynamics data of the N-domain plus the linker of recombinant RD3 protein (RD3-Nl: residues 1-73) by employing homo- and heteronuclear multidimensional NMR spectroscopy. Forty converged structures of RD3-Nl were successfully calculated by using a total of 958 NMR-derived structural restraints. It was found that the N-domain of RD3-Nl has a globular form comprising six beta-strands, three type III turns, and several loops, which stabilize a flat, ice-binding site formed on one side of this domain. Further, the linker portion appears to have a definitive structure, which is independent of the globular N-domain. This definitive linker is roughly divided into two short strands, -D(65)GTTSP(70)- and -G(71)LK(73)-, which are bent around -T(67)TSPG(71)- at an angle of approximately 60 degrees. This bending motif of the linker may function to orient the two ice-binding sites of the N- and C-domains of RD3 in the same direction, leading to their simultaneous interactions with the ice crystal surface.  (+info)

NMR analysis of type III antifreeze protein intramolecular dimer. Structural basis for enhanced activity. (2/19)

The structure of a new antifreeze protein (AFP) variant, RD3, from antarctic eel pout (Rhigophila dearborni) with enhanced activity has been determined for the first time by nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. RD3 comprises a unique translational topology of two homologous type III AFP globular domains, each containing one flat, ice binding plane. The ice binding plane of the N domain is located approximately 3.5 A "behind" that of the C domain. The two ice binding planes are located laterally with an angle of 32 +/- 12 degrees between the planes. These results suggest that the C domain plane of RD3 binds first to the ice [1010] prism plane in the <0001> direction, which induces successive ice binding of the N domain in the <0101> direction. This manner of ice binding caused by the unique structural topology of RD3 is thought to be crucial for the significant enhancement of antifreeze activity, especially at low AFP concentrations.  (+info)

Contribution of hydrophobic residues to ice binding by fish type III antifreeze protein. (3/19)

Type III antifreeze protein (AFP) is a 7-kDa globular protein with a flat ice-binding face centered on Ala 16. Neighboring hydrophilic residues Gln 9, Asn 14, Thr 15, Thr 18 and Gln 44 have been implicated by site-directed mutagenesis in binding to ice. These residues have the potential to form hydrogen bonds with ice, but the tight packing of side chains on the ice-binding face limits the number and strength of possible hydrogen bond interactions. Recent work with alpha-helical AFPs has emphasized the hydrophobicity of their ice-binding sites and suggests that hydrophobic interactions are important for antifreeze activity. To investigate the contribution of hydrophobic interactions between type III AFP and ice, Leu, Ile and Val residues on the rim of the ice-binding face were changed to alanine. Mutant AFPs with single alanine substitutions, L19A, V20A, and V41A, showed a 20% loss in activity. Doubly substituted mutants, L19A/V41A and L10A/I13A, had less than 50% of the activity of the wild type. Thus, side chain substitutions that leave a cavity or undercut the contact surface are almost as deleterious to antifreeze activity as those that lengthen the side chain. These mutations emphasize the importance of maintaining a specific surface contour on the ice-binding face for docking to ice.  (+info)

The refined crystal structure of an eel pout type III antifreeze protein RD1 at 0.62-A resolution reveals structural microheterogeneity of protein and solvation. (4/19)

RD1 is a 7-kDa globular protein from the Antarctic eel pout Lycodichthys dearborni. It belongs to type III of the four types of antifreeze proteins (AFPs) found in marine fishes living at subzero temperatures. For type III AFP, a potential ice-binding flat surface has been identified and is imbedded with side chains capable of making hydrogen bonds with a specific lattice plane on ice. So far, all crystallographic studies on type III AFPs were carried out using the Atlantic ocean pout Macrozoarces americanus as the source organism. Here we present the crystal structure of a type III AFP from a different zoarcid fish, and at an ultra-high resolution of 0.62 A. The protein fold of RD1 comprises a compact globular domain with two internal tandem motifs arranged about a pseudo-dyad symmetry. Each motif of the "pretzel fold" includes four short beta-strands and a 3(10) helix. There is a novel internal cavity of 45 A(3) surrounded by eight conserved nonpolar residues. The model contains several residues with alternate conformations, and a number of split water molecules, probably caused by alternate interactions with the protein molecule. After extensive refinement that includes hydrogen atoms, significant residual electron densities associated with the electrons of peptides and many other bonds could be visualized.  (+info)

Artificial multimers of the type III antifreeze protein. Effects on thermal hysteresis and ice crystal morphology. (5/19)

A variant of antifreeze protein (AFP) named RD3 from antarctic eel pout (Lycodichthys dearborni) comprises the type III AFP intramolecular dimer, which is known to exhibit a significant enhancement of thermal hysteresis when compared with the type III AFP monomer (Miura, K., Ohgiya, S., Hoshino, T, Nemoto, N., Suetake, T., Miura, A, Spyracopoulos, L., Kondo, H., and Tsuda, S. (2001) J. Biol. Chem. 276, 1304-1310). Here we genetically synthesized intramolecular dimer, trimer, and tetramer of the type III AFP, for which we utilize the genes encoding the primary sequences of the N-domain, the C-domain, and the 9-residue linker of RD3, and we examined the AFP multimerization effects on thermal hysteresis and ice crystal morphology. Significantly, (i) the thermal hysteresis increases in proportion with the size of the multimers, (ii) a larger size of the multimer exerts the maximum activity at lower concentration, (iii) every multimer changes the morphology of a single ice crystal into a unique shape that is similar but not identical to the ordinary hexagonal bipyramid, and (iv) the size of ice crystal becomes dramatically small with increasing the concentration of the multimer. The thermal hysteresis enhancement of the multimer was detected in both molar and domain bases. These results suggest that a molecule comprising the multiple AFP domains connected in tandem acquires an enhanced affinity for the ice binding.  (+info)

Ice nucleation inhibition: mechanism of antifreeze by antifreeze protein. (6/19)

The effect of antifreeze protein type III (one type of fish antifreeze protein) on ice crystallization was examined quantitatively based on a "micro-sized ice nucleation" technique. It was found for the first time that antifreeze proteins can inhibit the ice nucleation process by adsorbing onto both the surfaces of ice nuclei and dust particles. This leads to an increase of the ice nucleation barrier and the desolvation kink kinetics barrier, respectively. Based on the latest nucleation model, the increases in the ice nucleation barrier and the kink kinetics barrier were measured. This enables us to quantitatively examine the antifreeze mechanism of antifreeze proteins for the first time.  (+info)

Co-operative effect of the isoforms of type III antifreeze protein expressed in Notched-fin eelpout, Zoarces elongatus Kner. (7/19)

We found that Notched-fin eelpout, which lives off the north east coast of Japan, expresses an antifreeze protein (AFP). The liver of this fish contains DNAs that encode at least 13 type III AFP isoforms (denoted nfeAFPs). The primary sequences of the nfeAFP isoforms were categorized into SP- and QAE-sephadex binding groups, and the latter were further divided into two subgroups, QAE1 and QAE2 groups. Ice crystals observed in HPLC-pure nfeAFP fractions are bipyramidal in shape with different ratios of c and a axes, suggesting that all the isoforms are able to bind ice. We expressed five recombinant isoforms of nfeAFP and analyzed the thermal hysteresis (TH) activity of each as a function of protein concentration. We also examined the change in activity on mixing the isoforms. TH was estimated to be 0.60 degrees C for the QAE1 isoform, 0.11 degrees C for QAE2, and almost zero for the SP isoforms when the concentrations of these isoforms was standardized to 1.0 mm. Significantly, the TH activity of the SP isoforms showed concentration dependence in the presence of 0.2 mm QAE1, indicating that the less active SP isoform becomes 'active' when a small amount of QAE1 is added. In contrast, it does not become active on the addition of another SP isoform. These results suggest that the SP and QAE isoforms of type III AFP have different levels of TH activity, and they accomplish the antifreeze function in a co-operative manner.  (+info)

Solution structure of the antifreeze-like domain of human sialic acid synthase. (8/19)

The structure of the C-terminal antifreeze-like (AFL) domain of human sialic acid synthase was determined by NMR spectroscopy. The structure comprises one alpha- and two single-turn 3(10)-helices and two beta-strands, and is similar to those of the type III antifreeze proteins. Evolutionary trace analyses of the type III antifreeze protein family suggested that the class-specific residues in the human and bacterial AFL domains are important for their substrate binding, while the class-specific residues of the fish antifreeze proteins are gathered on the ice-binding surface.  (+info)

Zoarces americanus (4ny6, 1ame, 1b7i, 1b7k, 1ekl, 1gzi, 1hg7, 1jab, 1kde, 1kdf, 1msi, 1msj, 2ame, 2jia, 2msi, 2msj, 2spg, 3ame, 3qf6, 4msi, 5cr7, 5msi, 6ame, 6msi, 7msi, 8ame, 8msi, 9ame, 9msi ...
1KDF: Refined solution structure of type III antifreeze protein: hydrophobic groups may be involved in the energetics of the protein-ice interaction.
1KDF: Refined solution structure of type III antifreeze protein: hydrophobic groups may be involved in the energetics of the protein-ice interaction.
Watch Parineeti Chopras Desperate Attempts To Pout video online on Rediff Videos. More videos of parineeti chopra, priyanka chopra, alia bhatt, parineeti chopra fat, parineeti chopra overweight, parineeti chopra weight, parineeti chopra slim, parineeti chopra workout, kareena kapoor pout, parineeti chopra hot, parineeti chopra kiss, parineeti chopra scene, parineeti chopra ishaqzaade, parineeti chopra hasee toh phasee, parineeti chopra sushant, parineeti chopra arjun kapoor, parineeti chopra sidharth malhotra, parineeti chopra priyanka chopra, parineeti chopra fashion, parineeti chopra style, vidya bal are available. Watch and share videos and updates by LehrenTV.
The medicine does not seem to be working this time. Three days should be enough time to see some improvement, and I am not. The sheer number of times I had to clear my throat to talk to adammaker for 20 minutes this morning was distressing (and disgusting, but that goes without saying, surely).…
dlls/d3dx8/d3dx8.spec , 2 +- dlls/d3dx8/math.c , 80 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++= +++ dlls/d3dx8/tests/math.c , 16 ++++++++- include/d3dx8math.h , 1 + 4 files changed, 96 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-) diff --git a/dlls/d3dx8/d3dx8.spec b/dlls/d3dx8/d3dx8.spec index 52fa008..28b772e 100644 --- a/dlls/d3dx8/d3dx8.spec +++ b/dlls/d3dx8/d3dx8.spec @@ -33,7 +33,7 @@ @ stdcall D3DXMatrixRotationAxis(ptr ptr long) @ stdcall D3DXMatrixRotationQuaternion(ptr ptr) @ stdcall D3DXMatrixRotationYawPitchRoll(ptr long long long) [email protected] stub D3DXMatrixTransformation [email protected] stdcall D3DXMatrixTransformation(ptr ptr ptr ptr ptr ptr ptr) @ stdcall D3DXMatrixAffineTransformation(ptr long ptr ptr ptr) @ stdcall D3DXMatrixLookAtRH(ptr ptr ptr ptr) @ stdcall D3DXMatrixLookAtLH(ptr ptr ptr ptr) diff --git a/dlls/d3dx8/math.c b/dlls/d3dx8/math.c index 9f7522e..04072bf 100644 --- a/dlls/d3dx8/math.c +++ b/dlls/d3dx8/math.c @@ -480,6 +480,86 @@ D3DXMATRIX* WINAPI D3DXMatrixShadow(D3DXMATRIX *pout, C= ONST ...
Pur Minerals Pout Plumping Lip Gloss - Pink Crush Get plump, full looking lips with Pout Plumping Lip Gloss, a mineral lip gloss infused with vitamins and the ingredient Maxi-lip, which helps to make lips appear plumper. Pout Plumping Lip Gloss is never sticky or tacky, only polished and pouty! Net Wt: .16oz/4.5g Benefits: Provides intense hydration and conditioning Helps to improve the condition of your lips Increases volume by up to 60%. Gluten free Pink Crush is a matte vintage pink shade. Directions: Glide the mineral lip gloss on with the applicator wand, re-applying throughout the day as needed. Pur Tip: Pout Plumping Lip Gloss can be used alone or with any of our Mineral Lip Pencils and Mineral Shea Butter Lipsticks. Ingredients: Polybutene, Petrolatum, Lanolin Oil, Polyethylene, Ethylhexyl Palmitate, Beeswax, Paraffin, Tribehenin, Sorbitan Isostearate, Palmitoyl Oligopeptide, Fragrance, Propylparaben, BHT, Tocopheryl Acetate, Sodium, Saccharin. May Contain: Mica, Titanium Dioxide, Iron Oxides,
Kim Kardashian shows off plumper pout. The Kardashians are regularly in competition with each other to see who can get the most media attention by changing their appearance, and Kim is joining in the battle for column inches by showing off a much plumper pout after leaving the gym in Beverly Hills. The 35-year-old was pictured driving away from the gym and photographers zoomed in on her enlarged lips, which appeared to have undergone recent cosmetic treatment.. Wearing minimal make-up, the mother-of-two was photographed wearing large sunglasses as she left the workout facility alone in her white SUV. Suspicious fans and followers were soon questioning whether Kim has gone for more cosmetic treatment to enhance her pout, since pictures were taken of her just five days ago with much thinner lips. Some fans even claimed that the injection marks were still visible at the corners of her mouth.. It is normally youngest sister Kylie who gets the most attention for lip injections but it looks like Kim ...
Happy Heritage Day! Morning to you from a warm and sunny South Africa! You may or may not know this, but on the other side of the sea lives the worlds smallest little girl and her name is Charlotte Garside! She is super special, as she attended her first day of school and shes no…
Uh, actually, they might be thinking of me. What I said was I know she was lending her picture to be applied to leftwing T shirts. You know, the Che of the New Millenium. But couldnt she have chosen a better picture? Gee whiz. Go to Glamour Shots woman! Have some photos made. Doesnt Australia have a Glamour Shots studio at the mall?. They could dress you up in a frilly dress, apply some make up (possibly for the first time), and have you lounge seductively on a couch. "OK, Margo, give me your pout, thats it, pout for me baby. Oh youre good, didnt know you had it in you, did you. Yes, baby, now lick your lips, thats it, why you tease you. Ok, now be sassy, thats it, on all fours, head down, your ass high, show it to me, show it. Youre an animal Margo, a lioness, show me your teeth, growl for me, youre dangerous, yes, very dangerous. Yes, thats it baby! And, thats a wrap!". Oh gosh, I did it again, didnt I?. ...
Lindsey Wixson Pouty Lips: You Can Get Instantly Pout! If you do not know who Lindsey Wixson is, she has a million-dollar pout. Her model career took off becaus
Matte and Super Shine, Long Lasting, Leaving lips moisturized with shiny color murah dengan spesifikasi sesuai kebutuhan Anda. Gratis ongkos kirim dan bisa dicicil dengan bunga cicilan 0%
I think the key to being joyful and giving thanks is praying continuously. In my own strength I am inadequate for joy and thankfulness. I have this fleshy bit in my me that wants to rise up and pout. I want things my way, and I want them now! But God has provided a way out for me. If I can lean on Him, I can escape my tendency towards ungratefulness and sullenness. He knows my heart. It is not news to Him when I tell Him that I cannot do it and ask for help. And day by day, minute by minute, I must ask if I am to win this battle. His mercies are new each day and His strength is sufficient ...
Gout. Gout rhymes with pout, shout, out and about. However, rhyming still doesnt give you a medical explanation of what you are possibly experiencing - not in my lifetime of rhyming anyway.
I was sure to take as LARGE of area of dirt that I could - so as not to disrupt the root system as much as possible. There was plenty of space around these plants to do that -. But the next day - they looked all wilted…. I could have cried. I watered them again and went inside to pout (or maybe cry…). It was a day or two before I got back outside to see them again, and they were alive and healthy!!!. ...
Over the course of this last summer, it became very clear to me that my daughter and I were going to be butting heads on a consistent basis. It didnt matter what the topic or request, she had to argue or pout as loudly as she could (believe me - pouting can be loud). Keeping \[…\]
Antifreeze proteins (AFPs) enhance the survival of organisms inhabiting cold environments by affecting the formation and/or structure of ice. We report the crystal structure of the first multi-domain AFP that has been characterized. The two ice binding domains are structurally similar. Each consists of an irregular β-helix with a triangular cross-section and a long α-helix that runs parallel on one side of the β-helix. Both domains are stabilized by hydrophobic interactions. A flat plane on the same face of each domains β-helix was identified as the ice binding site. Mutating any of the smaller residues on the ice binding site to bulkier ones decreased the antifreeze activity. The bulky side chain of Leu174 in domain A sterically hinders the binding of water molecules to the protein backbone, partially explaining why antifreeze activity by domain A is inferior to that of domain B. Our data provide a molecular basis for understanding differences in antifreeze activity between the two domains of this
[106 Pages Report] Check for Discount on Global Antifreeze Proteins (AFP) Sales Market Report 2017 report by QYResearch Group. In this report, the global Antifreeze Proteins (AFP) market is...
Scientists have discovered that an ice-binding protein (fcIBP) from the sea ice microalga does not fit in the conventional classification of ice-binding proteins, suggesting unknown mechanisms behind its antifreeze property. This finding could lead to a broader application of the antifreeze protein in food and medical industries.
Antifreeze proteins (AFPs) are often called ice-binding proteins and are thought to bind to ice or ice-like crystals exclusively to control their growth. Here molecular recognition repertoire of AFPs has been greatly expanded to other hydroxyl containing, non-ice like compounds. The inhibitory and habit-modifying effects of AFPs on the stable nuclei formation and on the crystals of nucleosides have been first demonstrated.
Self Bias Resistor writes: According to an article in New Scientist, an antifreeze protein naturally produced by Antarctic fish has been synthesised by U.S. researchers at the University of California. Apparently, this discovery could have a wide variety of applications such as frost-resistant con...
A preliminary neutron diffraction study of γ-chymotrypsin. Acta Crystallographica Section F: Structural Biology and Crystallization Communications. 2009 ...
New Roles of Antifreeze Proteins - Antifreeze Proteins as Highly Effective Additives to Control the Crystallization of Non-Ice like Compounds Antifreeze Protein Enhancers: Identification and Mechanisms Effects of Toxic Metal Ions on Zinc Finger Proteins Collaborators Funding
Ice-binding proteins (IBPs), a unifying name for antifreeze proteins, recrystallization inhibition proteins, and ice nucleating proteins, are found in organisms living in cold ecosystems where ice is present. Organisms from many branches of the tree of life use IBPs to embrace the consequences of freezing by several strategies such as preventing freezing or tolerating it. The program consists of plenary lectures, oral presentations, poster sessions, and an excursion.
In Chapter 1, "The Old Man of La Chapelle: The Patriarch of Paleo," author Lydia Pyne explains the publics evolving conception of the first complete Neanderthal skeleton found and described by scientists.. 1 Comment. ...
Advances in single-cell technologies have revealed vast differences between cells once thought to be in the same category, calling into question how we define cell type in the first place ...
Happy Halloween! As some of you know, genetically engineered salmon is the first genetically engineered animal designed for human consumption that has come up for FDA approval. The GE fish is produced by a company called Aquabounty Aquadvantage and takes the genes of Chinook salmon, Atlantic salmon and an Ocean Pout and combines them to…
C est on tchampion avou on tchapea 20 cm lådje, di rodje coleur. Mins i pout tourner a l orandje, et minme å djaene e divnant pus vî. Come dit pus hôt, li tchapea s alårdjixh et s racroler tot divnant vî.. Sol tchapea, gn a des toplin di blankès taetches, ki c est des peas plakêyes après l tiesse do tchimpion. Asteme ! l åbusson pout aveur sitî rlavé del plouve, et les blankès peas evoye.. Les lames sont libes, blankes a djaene citron.. Li pî fwait 25 cm di hôt so 3 cm di lådje. Il est blanc et lisse, et a èn anea. Mins, pa des côps, ci-ci manke.. Li rinfelmint do pî (bule) mostere des ptits gris bokets d vwele ki s disfirlotchèt.. Il a ene blanke tchå, ene miete orandjêye dizo l pelete do tchapea.. Il a ene douce odeur eyet on bon gosse.. ...
One of the most important observations made by Largent is that not all vaccines are the same. Some vaccines protect against devastating diseases (MMR, DPT), others protect against dangerous ones (Hep A, Hep B, Hib, rotavirus, PCV) but the likelihood that an infant may be exposed to these is low, and other vaccinations provide protection against diseases with extremely low mortality rates (chickenpox). The distinction between the diseases each vaccine protects from are often forgotten. For example, Largent argues that some of the diseases we vaccinate newly born babies against may be unnecessary, such as HepB, a disease that an infant could only "contract by having sex with an infected person or by sharing contaminated needles with an infected drug addict" could wait (2 ...
So the vows I had my husband renew last Friday night (see last post) were not really serious and certainly didnt comment on his more egregious habits. Not wishing to cause a pout or an argument, I refrained from demanding a vow not to load the car up with suitcases before I finish packing them, or one promising not to put the milk back in the fridge when I am making my tea (grr). He however, was not so sensitive, and his vows for me went something like ...
Say cheese! What? People just love to plaster on an inane grin or a vacuous pout on their faces and snap away. The digital age…
A comment recently got me thinking too. Someone said "you must be proud of how far youve come". Am I? Not really, what do I have to be proud about? Ive just doing the best I can with what I have which is what anyone would do, the fact is I have a whole lot more now to make the best of. Im not proud, Im just doing or have done what anyone else in my situation would have because really what options do I have? Realistically I cant stamp my foot and pout my lips and say no Im not having that bronchoscopy and I wont take that medication. The transplant was do or die for me. It isnt that way for everyone, some people have a choice on if transplant is right for them, for me, in my mind there was no other option, the alternative to transplant, well to me there wasnt one. I was not ready to die, I was determined I wasnt going to die of my lung disease and I was too stubborn to sit back and let it kill me. Maybe its my stubborn streak that at times keeps me going, I dont know but I do know ...
Brrrrr! Its cold outside. Lots of animals are much better adapted to the cold weather than we are. Polar bears have thick fur, seals and whales have a layer of blubber and some birds migrate.. But what if youre a fish?. Birds and mammals are warm-blooded. They can keep their body temperature higher than the icy environment around them. Fish are cold-blooded. Their body temperature is the same as their surroundings. In the Arctic and Antarctic Oceans, the temperature is very chilly - below 0 degrees Celsius. The salt in the oceans stops them freezing.. Why dont fish freeze?. To stop their blood freezing, some fish that live in the Arctic and Antarctic have special antifreeze proteins.. Antifreeze proteins are very clever. They slow down the formation of bonds between water molecules, which prevents the formation of ice crystals in the fishs blood.. Scientists are working out how they could use these antifreeze proteins as a non-polluting de-icer for cars and machinery. Antifreeze proteins ...
Sea water freezes at -1.9C which presents a problem for any creature that wants to live in Arctic or Antarctic seas. Some species of fish have antifreeze proteins (AFPs) that allow them to live in such environments. Such proteins bind to ice crystals and inhibit their growth. Consequently the freezing point of blood and body…
The report on global Antifreeze market portrays comprehensive information and conducts a complete study to provide latest market updates and information about present and forecast market scenario. The changes taking place in Antifreeze are elaborated in this report to help readers in making vital business decisions. The Antifreeze industry details are provided in the form of graphs, pie-charts to help the emerging and existing market players, buyers, and suppliers in planning the business strategies. These details will fuel the development of their business and will bring huge revenues in return.. Further, this report incorporates both quantitative as well as qualitative data sets which include market framework, executive summary for the global Antifreeze market.The report also includes key players profile description, details on fiscal & accounting, business tactics and fresh developments in global Antifreeze Market.Tools for competition mapping are also inculcated in the report as an assistant ...
heating system antifreeze catologs and heating system antifreeze manufacturers - 4,124 heating system antifreeze Manufacturers, Exporters & suppliers from China
D2982 - 07(2013) Standard Test Methods for Detecting Glycol-Base Antifreeze in Used Lubricating Oils , glycol-base antifreeze, glycol-base coolant, used lubricating oil,
Ingesting a Small Amount of Antifreeze Causes Kidney Failure in Dogs Pound for pound, antifreeze is the heavyweight of poisons seen in small-animal veterin
Title: A-A-52624, Date: 1997-Feb-06, Status: Active, Desc: COMMERCIAL ITEM DESCRIPTION ANTIFREEZE MULTI-ENGINE TYPE (06-FEB-1997) [SUPERSEDING O-A-548 A-A-870 MIL
Shade: COFFEED KHAKI / Debut: Spring/Summer 2008 Finally, a natural, long-wearing, bendable cheek stain! Provides long-wearing, heat resistant cove
Shade: THIN PETAL / Debut: Spring/Summer 2008 Finally, a natural, long-wearing, bendable cheek stain! Provides long-wearing, heat resistant coverag
A chemical compound used to stabilize particles in suspension has proved capable of controlling the growth of ice crystals. Unlike the macromolecules previously
purchased a 04 mcs alittle under a year ago. have done an oil change, and keep everything looked over pretty good. the coolant tank is alittle low...
Nature. Certain plants and animals protect themselves against temperatures below freezing with antifreeze proteins. How the larva of the beetle Dendroides Canadensis manages to withstand temperatures down to -30 degrees Celsius is reported by an international team of researchers led by Prof. Dr. Martina Havenith from the Department of Physical Chemistry II at the Ruhr-Universität in the journal PNAS. Together with American colleagues, the RUB-researchers showed that interactions between the antifreeze proteins and water molecules contribute significantly to protection against the cold. Previously, it was assumed that the effect was only achieved through direct contact of the protein with ice crystals. The team obtained the results through a combination of terahertz spectroscopy and molecular dynamics simulations.. Protein-ice interaction: locally and over longer distances. The structure of the fire beetle antifreeze proteins resembles a triangular prism. The ice binding surface of the "prism" ...
If you are searching for a purminerals - Pur-Fect Pout Lip Gloss (Crystal Pink) - Beauty this {product,item} is really beautiful. purminerals - Pur-Fect Pout Lip Gloss (Crystal Pink) - Beauty Below specifications and details that you can read from this page. Perhaps you will find the product you are looking for at a price that suits your budget That mouthwatering mineral lip develop was basically infused for vitamin supplements and it has Maxi-lip, that will enhances sizing out of onto 60%. ; Powerfully hydrates and also surrounding, certainly giving out the degree of an important estuary. ; Certainly not sticky not pitiful. ; Participating Ingredients: Polybutene, Mineral Sauces, Lanolin Sauces, Petrolatum, Propylene Glycol, Beeswax, Ethylhexyl Palmitate, Tribehenin, Sorbitan Isostearate, Palmitoyl Oligopeptide, Scent, Tocopherol Acetate, Propylparaben, BHA, Sodium Saccharin. Will Contain: Metal Compare / Check Price ». ...
Psychrophilic organisms produce AFPs in order to prevent ice growth during freezing. Some studies have demonstrated that these proteins are extremely effective in the inhibition of recrystallization of ice even at very low concentrations [49]. However, their working mechanism is not well understood. Moreover, their properties offer the opportunity to exploit AFPs for biotechnological applications, especially in food industry. In frozen food products, freezing provides a multitude of small ice crystals, but it is also important to prevent the formations of large ice crystals [50]. AFPs from Antarctic bacteria GU1.7.1, GU3.1.1 and AFP5.1 were able to reduce the damage associated to ice, probably through the reduction of the size of large ice crystals in buffer solution. This phenomenon was evidenced when zucchini and cucumbers tissues were treated with a commercial and bacterial AFPs, where small pore were (red asterisk Figs. 1, 2) formed on plant cell walls of treated tissues in comparison to the ...
Get information, facts, and pictures about antifreeze at Encyclopedia.com. Make research projects and school reports about antifreeze easy with credible articles from our FREE, online encyclopedia and dictionary.
Certain plants and animals protect themselves against temperatures below freezing with antifreeze proteins. How the larva of the beetle Dendroides canadensis manages to withstand temperatures down to -30 degrees Celsius is reported by an international team of researchers led by Prof. Dr. Martina Havenith from the Department of Physical Chemistry II at the Ruhr-Universität in the journal
... provides superior heat transfer and excellent protection against corrosion, cylinder-liner cavitation, freezing and boilover. It provides maximum protection in extreme temperatures and operating conditions, and provides superior protection for aluminum, steel, cast iron, copper, brass and solder alloys.
Antifreeze After watching murder, upon murder shows, one key thing Ive learned about antifreeze is that it has a sweet taste. While Ive never tasted it, I can say that TV has come in quite handy with the knowledge of avoiding antifreeze. The fatal substance is common in driveways in the winter. Some car owners take care of their car very carefully, which can involve antifreeze/coolant changes to prepare for harsh winter weather. A spill is common, and usually unintentional, but the small accident can be a fatal one. The sweet, intoxicating, smell and taste can be a lure for pups. The main ingredient in antifreeze is ethylene glycol. If ingested, the toxic chemical could lead to severe illnesses and even death. According to Petxtreme, "The mortality rate in dogs poisoned by antifreeze ranges from 50 to 70% and is thought to be even higher in cats." That is an extremely high number! If the animal isnt treated immediately, nervous system damage or kidney damage could occur, if death doesnt come ...
Peak Global Lifetime 50/50 Prediluted Antifreeze & Coolant Liquid at Walgreens. Get free shipping at $35 and view promotions and reviews for Peak Global Lifetime 50/50 Prediluted Antifreeze & Coolant Liquid
Weve been hoisting basket-loads of a diminutive fish called Norway pout in the IBTS nets since the start of the trip. A member of the cod family, the species is marked by a lower lip that juts out slightly beyond the top one (hence its name?). It doesnt have a long lifespan - around four to five years tops - and spends its days in close proximity to the seabed at a range of depths. It has, however, been observed rising from the bottom during the night.. Norway pout is fished throughout north-eastern Atlantic waters, from the Channel to Iceland and along the Norwegian coastline to the lower western corner of the Barents. The heart of its distribution lies midway between the Shetland Islands and the edge of Norway, which means the Johan Hjort is cruising across prime pout territory. Humans arent big eaters of these little fish, but both the ecosystem and the economy have a sizeable reliance on it. In the sea it is a key link in the food chain as prey for cod, hake and monkfish amongst others, ...
AWESOME!!! This chapter made me laugh. Is that sick? Mikey just plain old makes me laugh. I love that hes completely okay with Frank being with Gerard, even though theyre not together...yet. (Or so I hope.) But man...you NEED to update like NOW!!! Or Ill stick out my lower lip and cross my arms over my chest and pout like...like...someone who pouts! Yeah. Like someone who pouts. You dont want that. So...UPDATE ...
My research involves investigation into synthetic Antifreeze glycoproteins and extremeophile bacteria resistant to cold temperatures within the Gibson group at Warwick chemistry depatment. Further details will be posted at a later date. The image shows a selection of antifreeze proteins (from http://2011.igem.org/Team:KULeuven/Afp) highlighting the large diversity and potential for research ...
A sweet-smelling aroma and antifreeze smell could indicate that the cars heater core is leaking. Other common signs of a bad heater core include a foggy windshield, a water surging sound inside the...
A Sacramento family is mourning the loss of their beloved dog. They believe foul play is involved after their vet discovered antifreeze in the dogs system.
Ms. Malone, "She was a Fish Monger", is a coccoon type figure who has plenty o detail. Although she is only about eight inches tall, all her accoutrements make her plenty big. Her wire arms surround her woven "basket" of fish which is composed of a polymer clay base, some wire for the weft and simple polymer clay and glass beads strung on to light weight wire that are woven in and out around the baskets perimeter. Inside the basket are several loose fish, similar to the ones that are hanging from the side of the basket. In keeping with the fish theme, I used part of a fishing leader (from hubbys tackle box) to attach the hanging fish to the side of the basket. (Heck, he cant use his casting arm anyway, so some of the stuff in that case needs to be used somehow!) The "sign" on her basket is an image transfer of a sketch I did a few years ago of some fish types. Ya just never know when all the stuff you have comes together and is incorporated into a total composition. The detail of the ...
Benefit lip stains give the sexiest flush to your pout from a bottle! Visit the official Benefit site for your instant beauty solutions.
Benefit lip stains give the sexiest flush to your pout from a bottle! Visit the official Benefit site for your instant beauty solutions.
Principal Juggs busts two schoolgirls and drags them off to detention. But they dont pout about their punishment. They take advantage of the alone time, taking down their plaid skirts and investigating each others pussies with the toys they have conveniently in their backpacks. They lick and toy fuck their way to orgasms and end up getting caught in the act.
This is a do-as-I-say-not-as-I-do sort of situation. Im straight up terrible at creating short assignments, but I want to get better. What I often do instead is I sit down at my desk with lofty dreams about the wonderful things I am going to write, and then when I inevitably do not succeed in completing the next great American novel, I sulk. I feel defeated, I pout, and I refuse to let myself enjoy anything for the rest of the day. This is the outcome of having unrealistic expectations, and if youre anything like me, then you know that this is a pretty discouraging feeling. Heres what you should do instead: expect less of yourself. Yeah, there, I said it. Ask yourself, "Self, what do I want to accomplish today?" and whatever your immediate answer is, cut it in half. Say you want to get two pages done. Screw that, change it to one page. Then write that one page, and then eat a cookie. Seriously, actually eat a cookie. Reward yourself and rejoice in the fact that you are in control of this ...
The legendary myspace girl - the pioneer of the high angle camera shot that many myspace girls are so fond of. Many have tried to imitate her prowess at facial expression combined with gratuitous exposure of the crease that mammary glands tend to make. Unfortunately, over time, the typical myspace girl has lost her ability to control specific muscles in her face and most of the time is only able to do a meager pout. They have also lost interest in applying lots of filters in photoshop to make themselves appear to have unnaturally colored skin, and have settled for only contrast adjustment and eyeliner ...
I want time to be with him on his level. To let him know how much I love him. He was painfully bonded to me and even me going on a trip to the store sent him into anxiety and then depression. Diane said he would go to his bed and pout. But then, hes at the door to greet me, his hearing is tuned to the sound of my car door closing. For the next 45 seconds he is a puppy again. He crouches with his hind end up in the air, as if ready to pounce. He loses his little mind as I come through the door. I kneel to hold his head and massage his ears. And I kiss his cold, wet nose. I needed to hold him and love him more. He was an old sick guy like me and he had a bad heart. He wasnt with me near as long as I needed him to be. It was my duty to do these things and I wish I had done it more. When you can see the end taking dead aim at you, it becomes clear that you get none of this back ...
WorldBuild365 only chooses to work with additives manufacturers whose products work effectively & efficiently! Buy wholesale silicon, antifreeze & much more
A diver himself, Cziko worked with other divers to place and maintain a temperature-logging device in McMurdo Sound, Antarctica, one of the coldest marine environments on the planet. The device recorded ocean temperatures there for 11 years, a substantial portion of notothenioids lifespan. Not once in that time did temperatures increase enough to overcome the antifreeze proteins anti-melting effect to completely rid the fishes of their internal ice, the researchers report.. The researchers suspect that the accumulation of ice inside the fishes could have adverse physiological consequences, but none have yet been discovered.. If the fishes are destined to carry ice crystals around all their lives, Cheng said, it is conceivable that ice particles could obstruct small capillaries or trigger undesired inflammatory responses. Cziko likens the potential threat to dangers posed by asbestos in the lungs or blood clots in the brain.. "Since much of the ice accumulates in the fishes spleens, we think ...
Antifreeze proteins (AFPs) are a unique class of proteins that bind to growing ice crystal surfaces and arrest further ice growth. AFPs have gained a large interest for their use in antifreeze formulations for water-based materials, such as foods, waterborne paints, and organ transplants. Instead of commonly used colligative antifreezes such as salts and alcohols, the advantage of using AFPs as an additive is that they do not alter the physicochemical properties of the water-based material. Here, we report the first comprehensive evaluation of thermal hysteresis (TH) and ice recrystallization inhibition (IRI) activity of all major classes of AFPs using cryoscopy, sonocrystallization, and recrystallization assays. The results show that TH activities determined by cryoscopy and sonocrystallization differ markedly, and that TH and IRI activities are not correlated. The absence of a distinct correlation in antifreeze activity points to a mechanistic difference in ice growth inhibition by the ...
Rat and mouse poisons are toxic to children. Antifreeze. Though there are several types of anticoagulants available as rat poison, some populations. The liver metabolizes ethylene glycol into glycolate and oxalate, which cause extensive cellular damage in various tissues, especially the kidneys, but across many different organs. A greedy rat can eat enough poison to kill 20 rats before he starts to feel sick and if a dog or cat eats the rat, the poison is transferred. Most rodent poisons use anti-coagulants that kill the animals by causing uncontrollable bleeding. But usually not quickly. It may sample a small dose but then it would realise that it is not good & not take anymore. There are some types of road salt that apparently contain some antifreeze which can be toxic to dogs. Varmints learn fast by habit and ease of procuring the prey. She said shes received four birds in the past week that have died from poisoning. In the photo below, a homeowner attempted to perform do it yourself raccoon ...
Pool antifreeze is an insurance policy against freeze damage to pool pipes and plumbing. Non-toxic pool antifreeze is propylene glycol based - protects pool pipes down to -50° F.
According to the St. Lawrence Global Observatory, some animals that eat lobsters are the sculpin, wolffish, cod, skate, tench, flounder, monkfish, dogfish, cunner and ocean pout. However, these fish...
SPRINGFIELD, Mo. (AP) - A southwest Missouri woman is charged with using antifreeze to fatally poison her husband and son and attempt to kil…
We are confident you wont beat the price of our Antifreeze Disc Tester Propylene Glycol, call us on 01302 710868 and we will match any genuine quotation
Unless you live under a rock, you have heard of this luxury facial oil. Its enjoyed cult status for several years now. Beauty Wonkette read about this stuff for a couple of years before trying it herself. Youve already heard the story. Beauty Wonkette is an oily girl and until she learned to stop being an idiot, she was uber reluctant to use anything oil on her kisser. It didnt take long to love this stuff. It smells delicious and feels even better. And, if it wasnt $150 an ounce, Beauty Wonkette would slather it all over her body. But, it IS $150 an ounce. True, the ounce goes a long way (if you use it on your face, that is). And, its a small price to pay for a totally natural face oil so loaded with goodies it acts like a wheat grass shot for the skin. After 40 years as a top stylist and beauty editor, Linda Rodin blended her favorite oils known for their nourishing, refreshing and soothing properties. The result was this luxurious, ar ...
Jen has ALWAYS been beautiful. Even way back in the day when wed meet for coffee and a smoke (yuck, I know!) on 35th street and Jen would strut up with her long raven locks, olive complexion (thanks to her Australian and Asian background) and perfectly proportioned pout. Change out her Jimmy Choo stilettos for Proenza Schouler booties, publicist for artists agent and everything else has pretty much remained the same. Long raven mane: check. Gorgeous olive complexion: check. Perfectly proportioned pout: check, although now youll be hard pressed not to find it painted her favorite shade of red ...
Water freezing remains a perennial topic of great relevance to many important aspects of our lives; from the climate to human society and from economics to medicine, frozen water profoundly influences our living environment and life activities. There have been numerous publications on water freezing; however
December 13, 2016: Luke has been slowly recovering. He took a few days to become interested in food and is now eating a full diet more consistently. Luke is often seen resting with his head in a PVC tube and has been very active overall. Luke is currently receiving antibiotics biweekly.. January 6, 2017: Luke Skywalker is finally starting to eat his diet more consistently as we are offering food in small portions throughout the day. Luke is no longer on any antibiotics, but is still pulled for weight, measurements and a physical exam every two weeks. Unfortunately, Luke is non-visual in his right eye due to unknown trauma, and will be examined by an ophthalmologist in the next few weeks.. February 7, 2017: Dr. Anne Cook of Animal Eye Care of the Lowcountry confirmed that Luke is not visual in the right eye through an eye exam. We are trying to incorporate new fish types into his diet, but he continues to favor mackerel. What is troublesome is that Luke is exhibiting some behaviors that are not ...
Versaland Farm - A permaculture and local government story. The story is ongoing. The following story has two sides and both appear to have some merit and strong points. I ask that all sides be weighed and that people work together to find real solutions if that is even possible after everything has happened. We here are about cultural healing and life and in that we all must learn to walk together, especially when our views and wants go in separate directions if such a thing can be achieved. The Versaland Call for Help https://permies.com/t/70332/Call-Action-Versaland-Farm-threatened When I learned of this yesterday my soul shed a tear and I felt a little less American than I ever did. However, as I said my soul shed a tear and this is kinda foolish as what we did to the American Indians so I will use the words less humanity now. So I will not pout and get in line behind them and put on my thinking hat! With that said lets us remember, their are two sides of a story and many perspectives to ...
Big bouncy blonde curls and a perfect pout painted with bright red lipstick - you could be forgiven for thinking you were looking at a vintage modelling shot of Jerry Hall circa 1975.
While most of us are trying to slim down to feel confident in a bathing suit this summer, theres one fattening thing on almost every womans mind - lip plumpers. Theyre everywhere! Which one do you choose? Do they really work? Do they hurt? All valid questions in the search for Angelinas pout.. Lets go over some basics - first off, they dont all hurt but you can defiantly feel something. With DuWops Venom Gloss as the granddaddy of the genre, the newer lip plumpers claim to be cumulative as well as immediate (immediate mostly being increased blood flow to your lips due to their special cocktail of ingredients and smoothing of fine lines). In order to really know if they are indeed cumulative youve got to commit and use them twice a day for about a month. Im just being honest with you. The matter of which lip plumper is going to be right for you depends a lot on what your desired effect is and what theory appeals to you most.. ...
Combining two Lottie London favorites! For that perfect pout look no further than Lottie Londons Slay All Day Longwear Matte Liquid Lip & Liner Kit.
Ice nucleation and growth is an important and widespread environmental process. Accordingly, nature has developed means to either promote or inhibit ice crystal formation, for example ice-nucleating proteins in bacteria or ice-binding antifreeze proteins in polar fish. Recently, it was found that birch pollen release ice-nucleating macromolecules when suspended in water. Here we show that birch pollen washing water exhibits also ice-binding properties such as ice shaping and ice recrystallization inhibition, similar to antifreeze proteins. We present spectroscopic evidence that both the ice-nucleating as well as the ice-binding molecules are polysaccharides bearing carboxylate groups. The spectra suggest that both polysaccharides consist of very similar chemical moieties, but centrifugal filtration indicates differences in molecular size: ice nucleation occurs only in the supernatant of a 100 kDa filter, while ice shaping is strongly enhanced in the filtrate. This finding may suggest that the ...
Antifreeze protein from an Antarctic fish [ PDB file ] [ PubMed link ] Many animals that live in extremely cold climates produce proteins that act to prevent the formation of ice crystals in the bodily fluids of the organism. Antarctic fish produce a range of such proteins, as the water temperatures can drop below 0 degrees Celsius. We have determined the structure of the type I antifreeze protein (SS3) from the blood of the shorthorn sculpin at both 5 degrees and -5 degrees. The structure largely comprises a long alpha-helix that displays conserved Thr residues (red) along a single surface. These residues are important for preventing the growth of ice crystals, although the mechanism of action is not currently understood. An additional short helix exists at the N-terminus of the protein, although the conformational relationship between the two helices is not well defined. This is the first solution structure of a wild-type type I antifreeze protein ...
Very little is known about the mechanism of antifreeze action of antifreeze glycoproteins (AFGPs) present in Antarctic teleost fish. Recent NMR and CD studies assisted with total synthesis of synthetic AFGP variants have provided insight into the structure of short AFGP glycopeptides, though the observations did not yield information on the antifreeze mechanism of action. In this study, we use Hamiltonian replica exchange (HREX) molecular dynamics simulations to probe the structure and surrounding aqueous environments of both the natural (AFGP8) and synthetic (s-AFGP4) AFGPs. AFGPs can adopt both amphiphilic and pseudoamphiphilic conformations, the preference of which is related to the proline content of the peptide. The arrangement of carbohydrates allows the hydroxyl groups on terminal galactose units to form stable water bridges which in turn influence the hydrogen-bond network, structure, and dynamics of the surrounding solvent. Interestingly, these local effects lead to the perturbation of ...
... meets or exceeds performance requirements ASTM D3306, JIS K2234 and is recommended for use and fully compatible with product meeting Ford WSS-M97B44-D, Chrysler MS-12106 and GM 6277M.. This ethylene glycol antifreeze/coolant is based on a proprietary organic acid corrosion inhibitor package powered by RECO-COOLTM technology (OAT) that is free of silicates, phosphates, borates, nitrates, nitrites and amines. It provides extended protection against rust, corrosion and pitting caused by cavitation for all coolant system metals, including aluminum. STP® GM Vehicle Extended Life 50-50 Premixed Antifreeze/Coolant is fully compatible with other similarly formulated OAT coolants and is recommended for use in North American cars and light duty vehicles. May also be used in 2010 or newer Ford and 2012 or newer Chrysler models. *When added as an initial fill and properly maintained in accordance with engine manufacturers maintenance ...
... meets or exceeds performance requirements ASTM D3306, JIS K2234 and is recommended for use and fully compatible with product meeting Ford WSS-M97B44-D, Chrysler MS-12106 and GM 6277M.. This ethylene glycol antifreeze/coolant is based on a proprietary organic acid corrosion inhibitor package powered by RECO-COOLTM technology (OAT) that is free of silicates, phosphates, borates, nitrates, nitrites and amines. It provides extended protection against rust, corrosion and pitting caused by cavitation for all coolant system metals, including aluminum. STP® GM Vehicle Extended Life 50-50 Premixed Antifreeze/Coolant is fully compatible with other similarly formulated OAT coolants and is recommended for use in North American cars and light duty vehicles. May also be used in 2010 or newer Ford and 2012 or newer Chrysler models. *When added as an initial fill and properly maintained in accordance with engine manufacturers maintenance ...
The blood serums of Antarctic fishes freeze at -2°C, which is approximately 1°C below the melting points of their serums. This thermal hysteresis is due to the influence of serum glycoproteins. The temperatures of freezing and melting of aqueous solutions of the purified glycoproteins suggest that this thermal hysteresis results from the adsorption of the glycoprotein molecule onto the surface of ice crystals. ...
[IMG] AMSOIL PROPYLENE GLYCOL ANTIFREEZE (ANT) MSDS WARRANTY Product Description AMSOIL Antifreeze & Engine Coolant is formulated to provide...
Antifreeze in the Gatorade was the preferred method by a Springfield, Mo., woman who fatally poisoned her husband and son and almost killed a daughter as well, Greene County authorities say. Diane Staudte, 51, has been charged with two counts of first-degree murder, one count of first-degree assault and one count of armed criminal action. A 22-year-old daughter, Rachel Staudte, also of Springfield, was charged Saturday with the same offenses.. Diane Staudte admitted Thursday to poisoning all three with antifreeze over a 14-month period, according to a probable cause statement. She told investigators that she killed her husband because she hated him and her son because he was "worse than a pest." She said she wanted to kill her 24-year-old daughter, Sarah Staudte, because the young woman "would not get a job and had student loans that had to be paid," the probable cause statement said. Her earlier story was that her husband, Mark Staudte, 61, hadnt been feeling well and suffered from seizures ...
NEW YORK, NY - A recent study in knockoff perfumes has revealed that they can contain ingredients like antifreeze and urine!. The magazine Harpers Bazaar recently did a study on the contents of counterfeit perfumes. Many Americans buy them, either on the street or online, as they find brand names to be too costly, especially during a recession.. What they dont know is how these counterfeit manufacturers attempt to replicate the popular scents with cheap ingredients to keep the price down. Samples tested contained antifreeze, bacteria and even urine!. See the ABC News report below:. ...
ES Compleat Antifreeze Coolant - Propylene Glycol Concentrate|br|ES Compleat PG is a high performance fully formulated Extended Life Propylene Glycol Antifreeze/Coolant, an environmentally safer and less toxic fluid. It is Fleetguards answer to the maintenance demands of heavy-duty diesel cooling systems. ES Compleat PG only requires possible re-inhibition after 1 year, 150,000 miles or 4,000 hours of operation. It is the perfect mixture that protects your cooling system by preventing scaling, foaming, corrosion and liner pitting. ES Compleat is easy to use, cost effective, and outperforms other extended life coolant products in the marketplace today. |ul||li|For All Heavy-Duty Engines |/li||li|1 Gallon|/li||/ul|
Self-assembled thermoresponsive polymers in aqueous solution have great potential as smart, switchable materials for use in biomedical applications. In recent years, attention has turned to the reversibility of these polymers thermal transitions, which has led to debate over what factors influence discrepan Stimulus-responsive polymers
Although painted turtles dont have much else in common with automobiles, their wintertime coping strategies include antifreeze, too.
A wife succumbs to a mysterious illness, and she grew more debilitated and depressed by the day. Finally doctors find something deadly in her system… antifreeze! Was it murder, an accident or, in her despair, did she take her own life?
A Smyrna, Delaware woman who admitted to killing her weightlifter husband by lacing his steroid injections with antifreeze has been sentenced to 40 years in prison.
A businesswoman, homemaker, Blogger, freelance writer and mother of an adorable baby. I am a content creator. I can genuinely do that in any given category like health, beauty, fashion, etc. I love doing this and thus constantly crave to get information around. So, I thought, "why not get paid for it, if I am good at something"!. ...
Makeover using Kourtney Kardashian Hairstyle, LORAC Pink Blush For Cheeks, theBalm Sexy Stacey ShadyLady Eyeshadow and Too Faced Night Nymph Exotic Color Intense Eye Shadow. Try makeover games at TAAZ.com.
Along with Dr. Bonnor, we, at Texas Surgical Arts, are excited to introduce our patients to Juvéderm Volbella. The latest addition to the Juvéderm family, Volbella has been specially designed to enhance the appearance of the lips by increasing lip fullness and softening fine lines around the mouth. By employing a more efficient cross-linking technology, Volbella takes advantage of a shorter hyaluronic acid chain to create a softer, more cohesive filler that flows more easily as it is injected.. ...
0065]The switching point is either a predetermined voltage value or a predetermined optical power value, which is used to determine whether the optical power value is retrieved from the first data table or the second data table. In the case where the switching point is a predetermined voltage value E-set, it is set equal to E-set1 in FIG. 3A (or E-set2 in FIG. 4A), and an optical power level is retrieved from the first data table (or the second data table). In this case, when the signal E-mon1 (or the signal E-mon2) is equal to or higher (or lower) than the voltage value E-set1 (or E-set2), the optical power value retrieved from the first data table (or the second data table) is used as a measured optical power value Pout. On the other hand, when the signal E-mon1 (or the signal E-mon2) is lower (or equal to or higher) than the voltage value E-set1 (or E-set2), the optical power value retrieved from the second data table (or the first data table) is used as a measured optical power value Pout. ...
Yea,, but remember, its got no antifreeze in it, just straight water under pressure at 240+ Even with antifreeze, when they overheat severely, the...
Certain Arctic and Antarctic ectotherm species have developed strategies for survival under low temperature conditions that, among others, consist of antifreeze glycopeptides (AFGP). AFGP form a class of biological antifreeze agents that exhibit the ability to inhibit ice growth in vitro and in vivo and, hence, enable life at temperatures below the freezing point. AFGP usually consist of a varying number of (Ala-Ala-Thr)(n) units (n=4-55) with the disaccharide beta-D-galactosyl-(1 -> 3)-alpha-N-acetyl-d-galactosamine glycosidically attached to every threonine side chain hydroxyl group. AFGP have been shown to adopt polyproline II helical conformation. Although this pattern is highly conserved among different species, microheterogeneity concerning the amino acid composition usually occurs; for example, alanine is occasionally replaced by proline in smaller AFGP. The influence of minor and major sequence mutations on conformation and antifreeze activity of AFGP analogues was investigated by ...
Press Release issued May 15, 2017: Anti-freeze coolants are used in automobiles, HVAC systems, and heat exchangers to facilitate heat transfer process in adverse cold weather conditions. Also, they prevent overheating of the vehicle in summer. These are antifreeze agents or chemicals that are added in water in a certain proportion. This mixture is called an anti-freeze coolant. Antifreeze coolants ensure workability and performance of engines and heat exchangers. Chemicals predominantly used as anti-freeze agents include propylene glycol, ethylene glycol, methanol, and glycerol. Adverse cold climatic conditions and automotive demand from relatively colder regions across the world maintain stable volumes of demand across the world. Other applications of antifreeze coolants are found in aerospace, industrial applications, and the electronics industry. Typical application in aerospace includes development of anti-icing and de-icing materials.
Avoid if allergic or hypersensitive to fish, omega-3 fatty acid products that come from fish, nuts, linolenic acid, or omega-3 fatty acid products that come from nuts. Avoid during active bleeding. Use cautiously with bleeding disorders, diabetes, low blood pressure, or if taking drugs, herbs, or supplements that treat any such conditions. Use cautiously before surgery. The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) recommends that fish intake be limited in pregnant/nursing women to a single six-ounce meal per week and in young children to less than two ounces per week. For farm-raised, imported, or marine fish, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recommends that pregnant/nursing women and young children avoid eating types with higher levels of methylmercury and less than 12 ounces per week of other fish types. Women who might become pregnant are advised to eat seven ounces or less per week of fish with higher levels of methylmercury or up to 14 ounces per week of fish types with about 0.5 ...
In the case of the Antarctic zoarcid fish type III antifreeze protein gene diverged from a parologus copy of sialic acid ... 1157-1164, 2005 C. Deng, C.-H. C. Cheng, H. Ye, X. He, and L. Chen, "Evolution of an antifreeze protein by neofunctionalization ... The evolution of the antifreeze protein in the Antarctic zoarcid fish provides a prime example of Neofunctionalization after ... It is much more rare to see major changes in protein function, such as subunit structure or substrate and ligand affinity, as a ...
... red fluorescent protein. The ocean pout type III antifreeze protein transgene has been successfully micro-injected and ... The wild-type salmon takes 24 to 30 months to reach market size (4-6 kg) whereas the producers of the GM salmon claim it ... This permits the GM salmon to produce GH year round rather than pausing for part of the year as do wild-type Atlantic salmon. ... This has led to the suggestion that these GM fish will survive better than the wild-type when conditions are very poor. ...
"Identification of the ice-binding surface on a type III antifreeze protein with a "flatness function" algorithm". Biophys. J. ... Fish Antifreeze Produced in Pancreas Antifreeze Proteins: Molecule of the Month, by David Goodsell, RCSB Protein Data Bank. ... Deng G, Andrews DW, Laursen RA (January 1997). "Amino acid sequence of a new type of antifreeze protein, from the longhorn ... See also dehydrin There are two types of insect antifreeze proteins, Tenebrio and Dendroides AFPs which are both in different ...
... series of processes intended to isolate a single type of protein from a complex mixture Protein sequencing, protein method ... Protein is a class of biomolecules composed of amino acid chains. Antifreeze protein, class of polypeptides produced by certain ... unique three-dimensional shape of amino acid chains Protein targeting, mechanism by which a cell transports proteins to the ... role of protein in nutrition Soy protein, storage protein held in discrete particles called protein bodies Whey protein, the ...
2007). "A novel, intracellular antifreeze protein in an antarctic bacterium, Flavobacterium xanthum". Cryo Letters. 28 (1): 39- ... LPSN Type strain of Flavobacterium xanthum at BacDive - the Bacterial Diversity Metadatabase. ... 50 (3): 1055-1063. doi:10.1099/00207713-50-3-1055. ISSN 1466-5026. Kawahara H, Iwanaka Y, Higa S, et al. ( ...
Membrane proteins consist of three main types: Integral proteins, peripheral proteins, and lipid-anchored proteins.[3] ... Acting as antifreeze, cholesterol maintains the fluidity of the membrane. Cholesterol is more abundant in cold-weather animals ... Proteins. Type. Description. Examples Integral proteins. or transmembrane proteins. Span the membrane and have a hydrophilic ... G proteins Peripheral proteins. Attached to integral membrane proteins, or associated with peripheral regions of the lipid ...
Pout also have antifreeze proteins in their blood, which allow the GM salmon to survive near-freezing waters and continue their ... The wild-type salmon takes 24 to 30 months to reach market size (4-6 kg) whereas the producers of the GM salmon claim it ... This allows the fish to produce GH all year round for faster growth as the wild-type fish produces the hormone for only part of ... Goats have been genetically engineered to produce milk containing strong spiderweb-like silk proteins. In November 2015, the ...
Arctic fish use antifreeze proteins, sometimes appended with sugars, as cryoprotectants. Ordinary soda-lime glass, used in ... The most common applications are in the making of pottery, glass, and some types of food, but there are many others, such as ... Stoneware may be vitrified or semi-vitrified, the latter type would not be impermeable without glaze. When sucrose is cooled ... which can be used to image objects such as proteins or virus particles. Cold-adapted frogs and some other ectotherms naturally ...
Conversely, some organisms have special techniques to prevent crystallization from occurring, such as antifreeze proteins. ... Another common type of crystallographic defect is an impurity, meaning that the "wrong" type of atom is present in a crystal. ... One of the oldest techniques in the science of crystallography consists of measuring the three-dimensional orientations of the ... In general, solids can be held together by various types of chemical bonds, such as metallic bonds, ionic bonds, covalent bonds ...
The suborder contains many species with antifreeze proteins in their blood and tissue, allowing them to live in water that is ... They are highly adapted, and can be divided into three main types; crustose lichens, forming thin crusts on the surface, ... Antifreeze proteins are also known from Southern Ocean snailfish and eelpouts. There are two icefish species from the ... These two similar types of gigantism are believed to be related the cold water, which can contain high levels of oxygen, ...
First, the proteins adsorbed on the surface are more stable over a wide range of conditions. The proteins also adopt a more ... The type of silane used can further compound the problem, as in the case of APTES. APTES is the classical molecule used for the ... Since APTES contains three ethoxy groups per molecule, it can polymerize in the presence of water, leading to lateral ... Younes-Metzler; Ben; Giorgi (2011). "The adsorption of antifreeze glycoprotein fraction 8 on dry and wet mica". Colloids and ...
This type of force causes the optic nerve to absorb excess energy at the time of impact. The most common site of injury of the ... In less than three percent of patients, an orbital hemorrhage after an injection behind the eye (retrobulbar block) can cause ... Ethylene glycol, a component of automobile antifreeze, is a poison that is toxic to the whole body including the optic nerve. ... Undernourished patients often suffer from many vitamin and nutrient deficiencies and have low serum protein levels. However, ...
... some use natural antifreeze or antifreeze proteins to resist ice crystal formation in their tissues. Most sharks are "cold- ... Sequential hermaphrodites have both types of tissue in their gonads, with one type being predominant while the fish belongs to ... Amphibians have a three-chambered heart. Jaws allow fish to eat a wide variety of food, including plants and other organisms. ... In this type of gut, the intestine itself is relatively straight, but has a long fold running along the inner surface in a ...
Other proteins that contain beta helices include the antifreeze proteins from the beetle Tenebrio molitor (right-handed) and ... The beta helix is a type of solenoid protein domain. The structure is stabilized by inter-strand hydrogen bonds, protein- ... Right-handed) Vaara M. (1992) "Eight bacterial proteins, including UDP-N-acetylglucosamine acyltransferase (LpxA) and three ... Leinala EK, Davies PL, Jia Z (May 2002). "Crystal structure of beta-helical antifreeze protein points to a general ice binding ...
... strain L77 will serve as a source for antifreeze proteins, functional enzymes and other bioactive molecules ... doi:10.13140/rg.2.1.2948.1283/2. Type strain of Arthrobacter agilis at BacDive - the Bacterial Diversity Metadatabase. ... The genome comprises 3316 protein coding genes and 74 RNA genes, 725 hypothetical proteins, 25 pseudo-genes and 1404 unique ... The candidate genes coding for hydrolytic enzymes and cold shock proteins were identified in the genome. ...
Insects prepare to overwinter through a variety of mechanisms, such as using anti-freeze proteins or cryoprotectants in freeze- ... Other types of insect hibernacula include self-spun silk hibernacula, such as those made and used by spruce budworms as they ... 2007). Aggregation characteristics of three species of coccinellidae (coleoptera) at hibernation sites. European Journal of ... Therefore, it is still not known to what extent various types of prospective hibernacula for frogs might be suitable in the ...
Membrane proteins consist of three main types: Integral proteins, peripheral proteins, and lipid-anchored proteins. As shown in ... Acting as antifreeze, cholesterol maintains the fluidity of the membrane. Cholesterol is more abundant in cold-weather animals ... There are 2 types of ER, smooth and rough. The rough ER has ribosomes attached to it used for protein synthesis, while the ... integral proteins are amphipathic transmembrane proteins. Examples of integral proteins include ion channels, proton pumps, and ...
X-ray diffraction of protein crystals can reveal the atomic structure of the proteins. PEG is used to fuse two different types ... Branched PEGs have three to ten PEG chains emanating from a central core group. Star PEGs have 10 to 100 PEG chains emanating ... Anti-Freeze is Not a Green Wood Stabilizer - Buzz Saw, The Rockler Blog. Rockler.com (2 May 2006). Retrieved on 30 November ... When attached to various protein medications, polyethylene glycol allows a slowed clearance of the carried protein from the ...
"Genomewide identification of proteins secreted by the Hrp type III protein secretion system of Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato ... For plants without antifreeze proteins, frost damage usually occurs between -4 and -12°C as the water in plant tissue can ... Nearly 60 different type III effector families encoded by hop genes have been identified in P. syringae. Type III effectors ... syringae isolates carry a range of virulence factors called type III secretion system (T3SS) effector proteins. These proteins ...
... production of antifreeze proteins and dehydrins increases. As temperatures rise, production of heat shock proteins increases. ... When this type of disturbance occurs in natural systems, the only solution is to ensure that there is an adequate stock of ... Wind has three very different effects on plants. It affects the exchanges of mass (water evaporation, CO2) and of energy (heat ... In both types of temperature related stress, it is important to remain well-hydrated. Hydration reduces cardiovascular strain, ...
Many types of moth traps are bucket-type traps. Bottle traps are widely used, often used to sample wasp or pest beetle ... Flies and wasps are attracted by proteins. Mosquitoes and many other insects are attracted by bright colors, carbon dioxide, ... are simple shallow dishes filled with a soapy water or a preservative and killing agent such as antifreeze. Pan traps are used ... The Malaise trap, a more complex type, is a mesh tent-like trap that captures insects that tend to fly up rather than down when ...
Antifreeze protein Cryobiology Cryopreservation Thorsen, Stig Morten; Höglind, Mats (2010-12-15). "Modelling cold hardening and ... The response to the change in calcium elevation depends on the cell type and stress history. Shoot tissue will respond more ... The process can be divided into three steps. First the plant perceives low temperature, then converts the signal to activate or ... Duman, J (2002). "The inhibition of ice nucleators by insect antifreeze proteins is enhanced by glycerol and citrate". Journal ...
AntifreezeEdit. Main article: Antifreeze. Like ethylene glycol and propylene glycol, glycerol is a non-ionic kosmotrope that ... III (1956). The Technical Press, LTD., London, UK. *^ Dasgupta, Amitava; Klein, Kimberly (2014). "4.2.5 Are Electronic ... Glycerol and water are used to preserve certain types of plant leaves.[14] As a sugar substitute, it has approximately 27 ... Circulating glycerol does not glycate proteins as do glucose or fructose, and does not lead to the formation of advanced ...
Antifreeze proteins cloned from such fish have been used to confer frost-resistance on transgenic plants.[citation needed] ... Most plants, in particular, can safely reach temperatures of −4 °C to −12 °C. Three species of bacteria, Carnobacterium ... A variety of cell types are protected by 10% dimethyl sulfoxide. Cryobiologists attempt to optimize cryoprotectant ... See insect winter ecology and antifreeze protein. Another invertebrate that is briefly tolerant to temperatures down to -273 °C ...
... an uncertain mechanism and likely stabilizes it by providing a recrystallization inhibitor similar to antifreeze proteins. ... Hair ice (also known as ice wool or frost beard) is a type of ice that forms on dead wood and takes the shape of fine, silky ... Naturwissenschaftliche Rundschau 62(3), S. 117-123 (2009), ISSN 0028-1050 Hair ice photos for WDR 5 Leonardo feature (German) ...
The suborder contains many species with antifreeze proteins in their blood and tissue, allowing them to live in water that is ... It can, however, be narrowed down to three individuals. According to various sources, three men all sighted the ice shelf or ... This is actually a type of coastal upwelling. Since there are no continents in a band of open latitudes between South America ... Antifreeze proteins are also known from Southern Ocean snailfish. The crocodile icefish (family Channichthyidae), also known as ...
This tomato gained the moniker "fish tomato".[16] The antifreeze protein was found to inhibit ice recrystallization in the ... All three tomatoes inhibited ethylene production by reducing the amount of 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid (ACC), the ... Kurstaki Insect Control Protein". Nature Biotechnology. 7 (12): 1265-1269. doi:10.1038/nbt1289-1265.. ... "Fruit Cell Wall Proteins Help Fungus Turn Tomatoes From Ripe To Rotten". Science Daily. Jan 31, 2008. Retrieved 29 August 2010. ...
In other cases a vehicle may need to be operated in a colder environment, requiring more antifreeze and less water. Three ... Antifreeze protein Air cooling Cryoprotectant Heater core Ice melt Internal combustion engine cooling Radiator Water cooling ... Some of the newer OAT coolants claim to be compatible with all types of OAT and glycol-based coolants; these are typically ... Products: North America: Anti Freeze/Coolants. Havoline.com (2003-01-31). Retrieved on 2011-01-01. "Zerex G-05® Antifreeze / ...
... hydrophobic groups may be involved in the energetics of the protein-ice interaction. ... Refined solution structure of type III antifreeze protein: ... NORTH-ATLANTIC OCEAN POUT ANTIFREEZE PROTEIN TYPE III ISOFORM ...
... hydrophobic groups may be involved in the energetics of the protein-ice interaction. ... Refined solution structure of type III antifreeze protein: ... NORTH-ATLANTIC OCEAN POUT ANTIFREEZE PROTEIN TYPE III ISOFORM ... ANTIFREEZE PROTEIN A 70 Zoarces americanus Mutation: P64A, P65A Details: TYPE III ISOFORM HPLC 12, QAE-COMPONENT Gene Name(s): ...
Type III antifreeze protein (1 family). *Family:. 2.4.34.01. Type III antifreeze protein PF08666, PDBsum. Ice-structuring ... Type III antifreeze protein PF08666, PDBsum (6 proteins). Protein Name. PDB ID. Species. Localization. Num. Subunits. Num. TM ... Type III antifreeze protein nfeAFP11. 2lx2. Zoarces elongatus. Secreted. 1. 0. 5.3 ± 1.0. 53 ± 5. -7.0. ... Ice-structuring protein SP2(HPLC 1). 1ops. Zoarces americanus. Secreted. 1. 0. 2.4 ± 1.4. 60 ± 12. -4.8. ...
The nonhelical structure of antifreeze protein type III. By FD Sonnichsen, BD Sykes, H Chao, PL Davies ... Phosphorylation and modulation of a kainate receptor (GluR6) by cAMP-dependent protein kinase ...
Effect of glycosylation on hydration behavior at the ice-binding surface of the Ocean Pout type III antifreeze protein: a ... Effect of glycosylation on hydration behavior at the ice-binding surface of the Ocean Pout type III antifreeze protein: a ... with and without glycan to study the conformational rigidity of the Ocean pout type III antifreeze protein in aqueous medium ... Antifreeze proteins (AFPs), found in certain vertebrates, plants, fungi and bacteria have the ability to permit their survival ...
Type (Type I, Type III, and Antifreeze Glycoproteins), Source (Fish, Plants, and Insects), and Region ... Antifreeze Proteins Market report categorizes the global market by End Use (Medical, Cosmetics, and Food), ... Table 7 Type III Antifreeze Proteins Market Size, By Region, 2016 2023 (USD Thousand). Table 8 Type III Antifreeze Proteins ... 7 Antifreeze Proteins Market, By Type (Page No. - 42). 7.1 Introduction 7.2 Type I 7.3 Type III 7.4 Antifreeze Glycoproteins ...
"Identification of the ice-binding surface on a type III antifreeze protein with a "flatness function" algorithm". Biophys. J. ... Fish Antifreeze Produced in Pancreas Antifreeze Proteins: Molecule of the Month, by David Goodsell, RCSB Protein Data Bank. ... Deng G, Andrews DW, Laursen RA (January 1997). "Amino acid sequence of a new type of antifreeze protein, from the longhorn ... See also dehydrin There are two types of insect antifreeze proteins, Tenebrio and Dendroides AFPs which are both in different ...
... fail as evidence formolecules-to-man evolution though they may be a new protein produced by mutation and natural selection. ... Antifreeze proteinsin general, and this example in particular, ... They proposed that a type III antifreeze protein gene evolved ... Zoarcids are one of only two families of fish to possess a particular class of AFPs, type III. The origin of type III AFPs has ... a class of proteins called antifreeze proteins (AFPs) appear to have gone against this trend. AFPs are found in a wide variety ...
Protein Coding), N-Acetylneuraminate Synthase, including: function, proteins, disorders, pathways, orthologs, and expression. ... Protein Domains for NANS Gene. Blocks:. * Type III antifreeze protein signature * N-acetylneuraminic acid synthase, N-terminal ... Protein Symbol:. Q9NR45-SIAS_HUMAN. Recommended name:. Sialic acid synthase. Protein Accession:. Q9NR45. Secondary Accessions: ... Solution structure of the antifreeze-like domain of human sialic acid synthase. (PMID: 16597820) Hamada T … Hirota H (Protein ...
We combine protein signatures from a number of member databases into a single searchable resource, capitalising on their ... InterPro provides functional analysis of proteins by classifying them into families and predicting domains and important sites ... Comparative modeling of the three-dimensional structure of type II antifreeze protein.. Protein Sci. 4 460-71 1995 ... type II AFPs of sea-raven, smelt and herring are Cys-rich proteins; and type III AFPs, found in Eel pouts, are rich in beta- ...
... and ASTRAL compendium for protein structure and sequence analysis ... Description: type III antifreeze protein isoform hplc 12 v20a. ... Class: antifreeze protein. Keywords: antifreeze protein, mutant, ice binding protein, thermal hysteresis protein. Deposited on ... Compound: protein (antifreeze protein type III). Species: Macrozoarces americanus [TaxId:8199]. Database cross-references and ... Experiment type: XRAY. Resolution: 1.65 Å. R-factor: 0.194. AEROSPACI score: 0.56 (click here for full SPACI score report) ...
Diffraction-quality crystals have been obtained of the integral membrane protein ferric enterobactin receptor (FepA) from the ... Next Document: Structure of type III antifreeze protein at 277 K.. © 2009-2018 BioMedSearch.com. All rights reserved ... Bacterial Outer Membrane Proteins / chemistry*, isolation & purification. Carrier Proteins / chemistry*, isolation & ... 0/Bacterial Outer Membrane Proteins; 0/Carrier Proteins; 0/Receptors, Cell Surface; 0/enterobactin receptor ...
Type (Type I, Type III, and Antifreeze Glycoproteins), Form (Liquid and Solid), and Region - Global Forecast to 2023 ... Antifreeze Proteins Market by Source (Fish, Plants, and Insects), End Use (Medical, Cosmetics, and Food), ... What are the Known and Unknown Adjacencies Impacting the Antifreeze Proteins Market ...
... or ice structuring proteins (ISPs) refer to a class of polypeptides produced by certain vertebrates, plants, ... Yang et al, 1998) - D.S. Yang et al. (1998). Identification of the ice-binding surface on a type III antifreeze protein with a ... a new name for antifreeze proteins Commercial Use Commercially, there appears to be infinite uses for antifreeze proteins. ... Antifreeze proteins (AFPs) or ice structuring proteins (ISPs) refer to a class of polypeptides produced by certain vertebrates ...
6.5-7 kDa were characterised and found to share high similarity to the type III antifreeze proteins found in other members of ... The antifreeze activity of Z. viviparus antifreeze proteins is concentration dependent and showed a saturation effect when the ... Isolation and some characterisation of antifreeze protein from the european eelpout Zoarces viviparus ... Two antifreeze proteins with molecular weights of approx. ... Further the antifreeze activity was found to be dependent of ...
Purification and structural analysis of a Type III antifreeze protein from the European eelpout Zoarces viviparus pp. 51-60(10 ... A novel, intracellular antifreeze protein in an antarctic bacterium, Flavobacterium xanthum pp. 39-49(11) Authors: Kawahara, ...
Antifreeze Report by Material, Application, and Geography Global Forecast to 2022 is a professional and in-depth research ... Global Antifreeze Proteins Market Size Study By Type (Type I, Type III, Antifreeze Glycoprotein, and Others), By Source (Plants ... Global Antifreeze Proteins Market Size study, by Type (Type I, Type III, Antifreeze Glycoproteins), by Form (Solid, Liquid), by ... Global Antifreeze Proteins Market to reach USD 16.27 million by 2025.Global Antifreeze Proteins Market valued approximately USD ...
We combine protein signatures from a number of member databases into a single searchable resource, capitalising on their ... InterPro provides functional analysis of proteins by classifying them into families and predicting domains and important sites ... Protein family membership. *Antifreeze, type III (IPR006013). Homologous superfamilies. * Homologous superfamily. 1 10 20 30 40 ...
... red fluorescent protein. The ocean pout type III antifreeze protein transgene has been successfully micro-injected and ... The wild-type salmon takes 24 to 30 months to reach market size (4-6 kg) whereas the producers of the GM salmon claim it ... This permits the GM salmon to produce GH year round rather than pausing for part of the year as do wild-type Atlantic salmon. ... This has led to the suggestion that these GM fish will survive better than the wild-type when conditions are very poor. ...
This analysis is complicated by the fact that there are three different type I AFP isoforms. The first is expressed in the ... Antifreeze proteins (AFPs) protect marine teleosts from freezing in icy seawater by binding to nascent ice crystals and ... CollectionsPublished DatesAuthorsTitlesSubjectsTypesThis CollectionPublished DatesAuthorsTitlesSubjectsTypes ... The sequence and diversity of all three isoforms was sampled in the starry flounder genome by PCR. All coding sequences derived ...
IPR016133. Insect_cyst_antifreeze_prot. IPR002223. Kunitz_BPTI. IPR036880. Kunitz_BPTI_sf. IPR020901. Prtase_inh_Kunz-CS. ... Experimental evidence at protein leveli ,p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note ... Protein. Similar proteins. Organisms. Length. Cluster ID. Cluster name. Size. E9PWQ3. D3YWD1. Mus musculus (Mouse). 3,284. ... to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.,p>,a href=/help/protein_names target=_top>More...,/a>,/p>Protein namesi. ...
Solid-state NMR on a type III antifreeze protein in the presence of ice J Am Chem Soc. 2008 Dec 24; 130(51):17394-9. . View in ... Protein-ice interaction of an antifreeze protein observed with solid-state NMR Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2010 Oct 12; 107(41): ... Fluoroalcohol-induced structural changes of proteins: some aspects of cosolvent-protein interactions Eur Biophys J. 2001 Aug; ... Furthermore, many proteins can be forced to fold into an amyloid by partial denaturation in vitro. The structural aspects of ...
View protein in InterPro. IPR006190 AFP_Neu5c_C. IPR036732 AFP_Neu5c_C_sf. IPR006013 Antifreeze_III. IPR013974 SAF. ... Belongs to the type-III AFP family.Curated. Family and domain databases. Integrated resource of protein families, domains and ... View protein in InterPro. IPR006190 AFP_Neu5c_C. IPR036732 AFP_Neu5c_C_sf. IPR006013 Antifreeze_III. IPR013974 SAF. ... Experimental evidence at protein leveli ,p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note ...
Global and Regional Antifreeze Proteins (AFP) Market Research Report 2017 is a market research report available at US $3500 for ... Type and Application, Forecast to 2023. Global Antifreeze Proteins (AFP) Market by Manufacturers, Countries, Type and ... Antifreeze proteins, also known as thermal hysteresis proteins, ice binding proteins and ice structuring proteins (ISP). ... Global Antifreeze Proteins (AFP) Market Research Report 2018. Global Antifreeze Proteins (AFP) Sales Market Report 2018. Global ...
... using the type I anti-freeze protein of a winter flounder as template. (iii.) The use of solid-phase synthesis to make the ... This thesis investigates three different surface modifications, and the route to design and synthesize them. The thesis is ... A proof of concept for the extension of the simulation from a two-dimensional axial symmetry to three dimensions is also ... In this thesis, synthesis of structures related to antifreeze glycoproteins (AFGPs) are presented. Synthetic routes to a ...
  • The extent of similarity within the superfamily is confined to short motifs and single amino acids at intervals throughout the protein. (ebi.ac.uk)
  • It's many years ago now that David Tirrell, now at Caltech, developed ways to incorporate fluorinated amino acids into proteins using recombinant DNA technology - a feat popularized with reference to non-stick fried eggs. (blogspot.com)
  • The length of all CRD domains is well-conserved in all C-type lectins, which is approximately 130 amino acids. (creativebiomart.net)
  • Its sequence codes for a precursor protein that is 82 amino acids in length. (caltech.edu)
  • Although the fluid mosaic model has been modernized to detail contemporary discoveries, the basics have remained constant: the membrane is a lipid bilayer composed of hydrophilic exterior heads and a hydrophobic interior where proteins can interact with hydrophilic heads through polar interactions, but proteins that span the bilayer fully or partially have hydrophobic amino acids that interact with the non-polar lipid interior. (wikipedia.org)
  • Antifreeze glycopeptide analogues: microwave-enhanced synthesis and functional studies", Amino Acids , vol. 38, 2010, pp. 213-222. (uni-bielefeld.de)
  • It has been suggested that lateral gene transfer could be attributed to this discrepancy, such that the smelt acquired the type II AFP gene from the herring. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, postulating that gene duplication and subsequent mutation can result in new functional proteins is not enough. (creation.com)
  • They proposed that a type III antifreeze protein gene evolved from a duplicated copy of the sialic acid synthase ( SAS ) gene called LdSAS-B (Ld stands for Lycodichthys dearborni) . (creation.com)
  • 4 , 5 This achieved two fortuitous things that transformed the putative SAS gene into an AFP gene: it stripped it of any SAS function, and enabled a change in reading frame, which altered the signal peptide, enabling the new protein to be secreted. (creation.com)
  • NANS (N-Acetylneuraminate Synthase) is a Protein Coding gene. (genecards.org)
  • To evaluate the contribution of these latter two isoforms to the overall gene signal on Southern blots, hybridization probes for the three isoforms were isolated from starry flounder DNA by genomic cloning. (queensu.ca)
  • After duplication one of the paralogs began to accumulate mutations that lead to the replacement of SAS domains of the gene allowing for further development and optimization of the antifreeze functionality. (wikipedia.org)
  • p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence. (uniprot.org)
  • Furthermore, increases in MMP-9 gene promoter binding by the AP-1 transcription factor proteins c-Fos and c-Jun have been demonstrated in all three brain structures under investigation. (pianolarge.cf)
  • On the other hand, QDR tends to be associated with more durable resistance, as a pathogen strain that overcomes a single allele of small effect does not gain a large selective advantage, and loss of effectiveness of a single gene does not leave the host completely susceptible ( 1 , 3 - 5 ). (pnas.org)
  • This gene encodes a member of the C-type lectin/C-type lectin-like domain (CTL/CTLD) superfamily. (genecards.org)
  • CLEC4C (C-Type Lectin Domain Family 4 Member C) is a Protein Coding gene. (genecards.org)
  • The ice structuring protein refers to a class of polypeptides produced by specific plants, fungi, vertebrates and bacteria that allow their survival in the subfreezing surroundings. (ukprwire.com)
  • Students investigate the importance of antifreeze proteins for icefish survival through one of two short labs. (biointeractive.org)
  • They range from the extreme heat-loving thermophiles, which feed off of inorganic chemicals and have special enzymes to survive high temperatures… …to extreme-cold loving psychrophiles, which have evolved antifreeze proteins that help ensure their survival in some of the coldest waters on earth. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • After survival times of 10 and 24 hours, brains were processed for toluidine blue staining, tomato lectin histochemistry, and glial fibrillary acidic protein, NF-κB, and STAT3 immunocytochemistry. (ahajournals.org)
  • This class of proteins allows passive water flow in the presence of an osmotic Na+ or glucose gradient, but also flow against such a gradient if Na+ or glucose is present. (blogspot.com)
  • May act as a signaling receptor that activates protein-tyrosine kinases and mobilizes intracellular calcium (PubMed:11748283). (genecards.org)
  • [3] In addition, cell membranes are involved in a variety of cellular processes such as cell adhesion , ion conductivity and cell signalling and serve as the attachment surface for several extracellular structures, including the cell wall , the carbohydrate layer called the glycocalyx , and the intracellular network of protein fibers called the cytoskeleton . (wikipedia.org)
  • North America, Europe, APAC, MEA and South & Central America after evaluating political, economic, social and technological factors effecting the antifreeze proteins market in these regions. (theinsightpartners.com)
  • North America has several national research institutes which support biotechnology and life sciences research which in turn supports the growth of the antifreeze proteins market, identifying new areas of applications. (reportsanddata.com)
  • Knowledge of protein-protein interactions and their binding sites is indispensable for in-depth understanding of the networks in living cells. (mdpi.com)
  • Most proteins whose functions are essential to life are associated with protein-protein interactions [ 1 ]. (mdpi.com)
  • Preliminary X-ray analysis of a C2-like domain from protein kinase C-delta. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Asiatic acid induced apoptosis and autophagy through activation of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) and inhibition of mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) in MIA PaCa-2 cells. (bvsalud.org)
  • Equally, the activating impact of metformin on AMP-activated protein kinase is altered. (5htreceptor.com)
  • 6.5-7 kDa were characterised and found to share high similarity to the type III antifreeze proteins found in other members of the family Zoarcidae . (ingentaconnect.com)
  • on the other hand, there are many cases of nearly identical structures known, sharing no sequence similarity at all [ 3 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Find out about the different types of extremophiles, their adaptations, where they live, and which one is considered to be the most resilient creature on the planet. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • Market Size - USD 2.0 Million in 2019, Market Growth - CAGR of 27.4%, Market Trend- Increasing Investment in R&D and Innovations to Strengthen Demand is an opportunity for the antifreeze proteins market. (reportsanddata.com)
  • [UKPRwire, Fri Jun 14 The Ice structuring protein helps to enhance the quality of frozen foods, such as ice-creams and ice-cream products by keeping up the smooth texture. (ukprwire.com)
  • The partly non-protein-coding signal peptide (SP) precursor sequence in SAS-B ' that was modified to become a coding sequence for the AFPIII signal peptide is shown at the bottom. (creation.com)
  • It also destroyed the integrity of the first exon, which exposed coding for a signal peptide targeting the protein for secretion that was previously latent in the 5' flanking region of LdSAS-B . (creation.com)
  • Peptide backbone circularization had no effect on antifreeze activity but significantly increased thermal stability compared to the non-cyclized form. (queensu.ca)
  • Particularly, the approach of using the wavelets to express protein/peptide sequences might be the key in grasping the problem's essence, fully consistent with the findings that many important biological functions of proteins can be elucidated with their low-frequency internal motions. (mdpi.com)
  • p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge. (uniprot.org)
  • They are biological antifreeze materials originally found in polar fish and also in certain plants and insects and the use of solid antifreeze protein in the medical and food sectors is rapidly growing. (marketreport.jp)
  • Antifreeze proteins can be used in cryopreservation of biological tissues and cells. (bvsalud.org)
  • In convergent evolution, nonhomologous proteins evolve in separate biological contexts to catalyze the same or similar reactions. (hindawi.com)
  • Solid-state NMR is an emerging technique that enables us to investigate protein structures that are otherwise inaccessible to atomic-resolution structural methods such as X-ray crystallography and liquid-state NMR, thereby permitting us to investigate systems such as protein fibrils with atomic resolution. (usc.edu)
  • November Structural basis of antifreeze activity of a bacterial multi-domain antifreeze protein Chen Wang 0 1 Svetlana Pakhomova 0 1 Marcia E. Newcomer 0 1 Brent C. Christner 0 1 Bing- Hao Luo 0 1 ☯ These authors contributed equally to this work. (paperity.org)
  • Synthetic study and structural analysis of the antifreeze agent xylomannan from Upis ceramboides . (blogspot.com)
  • However, analogous proteins may have structural homology although this is not a prerequisite. (hindawi.com)
  • Influence of sequential modifications and carbohydrate variations in synthetic AFGP analogues on conformation and antifreeze activity. (uni-bielefeld.de)
  • The C-type lectin family is a group of lectins that recognize carbohydrate structures in a calcium-dependent manner. (creativebiomart.net)
  • Whether soluble or membrane bound, all the C-type lectin family members share a highly conserved lectin prototype, namely the carbohydrate recognition domain (CRD) . (creativebiomart.net)
  • The spatial structure of the C-type lectin CRD fold originally resolved from the crystal structure of rat is typically made up of two a-helices, five (3-strands, and a calcium/sugar recognition surface with irregular loops. (creativebiomart.net)
  • Such features were also seen in antifreeze proteins and lectin-like oxidized low-density-lipoprotein receptor-1 (LOX-1), which were the receptors for ice and lipids, respectively. (creativebiomart.net)
  • Lectin-type cell surface receptor which may play a role in antigen capturing by dendritic cells (PubMed:11748283, PubMed:21880719, PubMed:25995448). (genecards.org)
  • We study several of these, including Nalp3 (NLRP3), which senses infection or other stress that leads to K+ efflux and activates the "inflammasome" through oligomerization with the adaptor apoptosis-associated speck-like protein (ASC), enabling ASC to bind to and activate caspase-1 to process pro-IL-1ß and other substrates. (yale.edu)
  • However, partially unfolded, intrinsically disordered proteins also carry important functional aspects, especially in eukaryotic organisms, where up to 40% of all proteins contain disordered regions. (usc.edu)
  • Ice structuring protein protect these organisms from the damage caused to tissues in ultra-cold conditions. (ukprwire.com)
  • Multiple forms of ice structuring protein are synthesized within each of these organisms. (ukprwire.com)
  • Hydrophilic residues N14, T18 and Q44 are essential to antifreeze activity. (figshare.com)
  • Therefore, it is possible to select a single protein with appropriate characteristics and a suitable level of activity for a specific food product. (marketsandmarkets.com)
  • Further the antifreeze activity was found to be dependent of the buffer osmolality resulting in increasing thermal hysteresis when buffer osmolality was raised from 0 to 1M. (ingentaconnect.com)
  • Previously, AFP activity was increased by fusing an AFP to another protein, or by increasing the size of the IBP's ice-binding face. (queensu.ca)
  • These AFP multimers had improved antifreeze and ice-recrystallization inhibition activity. (queensu.ca)
  • Promoter activity was measured by U6 promoter-driven shRNA to suppress enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) expression. (scialert.net)
  • Mutating any of the smaller residues on the ice binding site to bulkier ones decreased the antifreeze activity. (paperity.org)
  • Pubmed ID: 11988863 The topical anti-inflammatory activity of Haplophyllum hispanicum Spach is due to the presence of arylnaphthalene-type lignans acting as 5-lipoxygenase (5-LOX) inhibitors. (jove.com)
  • Antibacterial Activity of Oral Antibiotics Against Community-acquired Respiratory Pathogens from Three European Countries The Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy. (jove.com)
  • One of the methods that have been proposed is a multiobjective optimization, in which protein stability and catalytic activity are simultaneously optimized [ 4 , 5 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Several methods have been proposed to design novel stable proteins, such as multi-objective optimization, in which protein stability and catalytic activity are simultaneously optimized. (hindawi.com)
  • However, a recent prospective EEG study found subclinical epileptiform activity in more than 40% of AD patients ( 3 ). (frontiersin.org)
  • To determine whether the active compounds identified in the primary screen affected other aspects of digestive physiology we assayed protease activity using a quenched bodipy labeled casein protein. (5htreceptor.com)
  • Natural killer cell receptors constitute Group V C-type lectins. (creativebiomart.net)
  • The endocytic receptors including macrophage mannose receptor, PLA2 receptor, DEC-205 and Endo 180 were identified as group VI, because they are type I transmembrane receptors. (creativebiomart.net)
  • RIG-like receptors (RLRs), which recognize viral infection and trigger type 1 interferon production. (yale.edu)
  • Type I-hyp AFP (where hyp stands for hyperactive) are found in several righteye flounders. (wikipedia.org)
  • This precursor has both a signal polypeptide and a prosequence before the mature protein of 38 amino acid residues. (caltech.edu)
  • VH is derived from a single protein domain of 35 residues [ 9 ]. (hindawi.com)