The apparent tendency of certain diseases to appear at earlier AGE OF ONSET and with increasing severity in successive generations. (Rieger et al., Glossary of Genetics: Classical and Molecular, 5th ed)
The ability to foresee what is likely to happen on the basis of past experience. It is largely a frontal lobe function.
An object or a situation that can serve to reinforce a response, to satisfy a motive, or to afford pleasure.
Knowing or understanding without conscious use of reasoning. (Thesaurus of ERIC Descriptors, 1994)
Signals for an action; that specific portion of a perceptual field or pattern of stimuli to which a subject has learned to respond.
Anxiety related to the execution of a task. (Campbell's Psychiatric Dictionary, 9th ed.)
Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.
Readiness to think or respond in a predetermined way when confronted with a problem or stimulus situation.
Imaging techniques used to colocalize sites of brain functions or physiological activity with brain structures.
The age, developmental stage, or period of life at which a disease or the initial symptoms or manifestations of a disease appear in an individual.
Those factors which cause an organism to behave or act in either a goal-seeking or satisfying manner. They may be influenced by physiological drives or by external stimuli.
The process by which PAIN is recognized and interpreted by the brain.
The time from the onset of a stimulus until a response is observed.
The coordination of a sensory or ideational (cognitive) process and a motor activity.
A technique of inputting two-dimensional images into a computer and then enhancing or analyzing the imagery into a form that is more useful to the human observer.
One of the convolutions on the medial surface of the CEREBRAL HEMISPHERES. It surrounds the rostral part of the brain and CORPUS CALLOSUM and forms part of the LIMBIC SYSTEM.
The record of descent or ancestry, particularly of a particular condition or trait, indicating individual family members, their relationships, and their status with respect to the trait or condition.
The study of the physiological basis of human and animal behavior.
A heterogenous group of degenerative syndromes marked by progressive cerebellar dysfunction either in isolation or combined with other neurologic manifestations. Sporadic and inherited subtypes occur. Inheritance patterns include autosomal dominant, autosomal recessive, and X-linked.
Cortical vigilance or readiness of tone, presumed to be in response to sensory stimulation via the reticular activating system.
Those affective states which can be experienced and have arousing and motivational properties.
Microsatellite repeats consisting of three nucleotides dispersed in the euchromatic arms of chromosomes.
Investigative technique commonly used during ELECTROENCEPHALOGRAPHY in which a series of bright light flashes or visual patterns are used to elicit brain activity.
Behavioral responses or sequences associated with eating including modes of feeding, rhythmic patterns of eating, and time intervals.
The loss of some TELOMERE sequence during DNA REPLICATION of the first several base pairs of a linear DNA molecule; or from DNA DAMAGE. Cells have various mechanisms to restore length (TELOMERE HOMEOSTASIS.) Telomere shortening is involved in the progression of CELL AGING.
Recognition and discrimination of the heaviness of a lifted object.
A change in electrical resistance of the skin, occurring in emotion and in certain other conditions.
Methods for visualizing REGIONAL BLOOD FLOW, metabolic, electrical, or other physiological activities in the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM using various imaging modalities.
Focusing on certain aspects of current experience to the exclusion of others. It is the act of heeding or taking notice or concentrating.
A negative shift of the cortical electrical potentials that increases over time. It is associated with an anticipated response to an expected stimulus and is an electrical event indicative of a state of readiness or expectancy.
The thin layer of GRAY MATTER on the surface of the CEREBRAL HEMISPHERES that develops from the TELENCEPHALON and folds into gyri and sulchi. It reaches its highest development in humans and is responsible for intellectual faculties and higher mental functions.
An activity distinguished primarily by an element of risk in trying to obtain a desired goal, e.g., playing a game of chance for money.
The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.
The rostral part of the frontal lobe, bounded by the inferior precentral fissure in humans, which receives projection fibers from the MEDIODORSAL NUCLEUS OF THE THALAMUS. The prefrontal cortex receives afferent fibers from numerous structures of the DIENCEPHALON; MESENCEPHALON; and LIMBIC SYSTEM as well as cortical afferents of visual, auditory, and somatic origin.
The regular recurrence, in cycles of about 24 hours, of biological processes or activities, such as sensitivity to drugs and stimuli, hormone secretion, sleeping, and feeding.
An element with atomic symbol O, atomic number 8, and atomic weight [15.99903; 15.99977]. It is the most abundant element on earth and essential for respiration.
Neuromuscular disorder characterized by PROGRESSIVE MUSCULAR ATROPHY; MYOTONIA, and various multisystem atrophies. Mild INTELLECTUAL DISABILITY may also occur. Abnormal TRINUCLEOTIDE REPEAT EXPANSION in the 3' UNTRANSLATED REGIONS of DMPK PROTEIN gene is associated with Myotonic Dystrophy 1. DNA REPEAT EXPANSION of zinc finger protein-9 gene intron is associated with Myotonic Dystrophy 2.
Large subcortical nuclear masses derived from the telencephalon and located in the basal regions of the cerebral hemispheres.
A meshlike structure composed of interconnecting nerve cells that are separated at the synaptic junction or joined to one another by cytoplasmic processes. In invertebrates, for example, the nerve net allows nerve impulses to spread over a wide area of the net because synapses can pass information in any direction.
The behavior of performing an act persistently and repetitively without it leading to reward or pleasure. The act is usually a small, circumscribed behavior, almost ritualistic, yet not pathologically disturbing. Examples of compulsive behavior include twirling of hair, checking something constantly, not wanting pennies in change, straightening tilted pictures, etc.
A complex involuntary response to an unexpected strong stimulus usually auditory in nature.
The process of making a selective intellectual judgment when presented with several complex alternatives consisting of several variables, and usually defining a course of action or an idea.
Disorders of the peripheral nervous system associated with the deposition of AMYLOID in nerve tissue. Familial, primary (nonfamilial), and secondary forms have been described. Some familial subtypes demonstrate an autosomal dominant pattern of inheritance. Clinical manifestations include sensory loss, mild weakness, autonomic dysfunction, and CARPAL TUNNEL SYNDROME. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1349)
Genes that influence the PHENOTYPE both in the homozygous and the heterozygous state.
Brief closing of the eyelids by involuntary normal periodic closing, as a protective measure, or by voluntary action.
The part of the cerebral hemisphere anterior to the central sulcus, and anterior and superior to the lateral sulcus.
The feeling-tone accompaniment of an idea or mental representation. It is the most direct psychic derivative of instinct and the psychic representative of the various bodily changes by means of which instincts manifest themselves.
Elongated gray mass of the neostriatum located adjacent to the lateral ventricle of the brain.
Neural tracts connecting one part of the nervous system with another.
Inability to experience pleasure due to impairment or dysfunction of normal psychological and neurobiological mechanisms. It is a symptom of many PSYCHOTIC DISORDERS (e.g., DEPRESSIVE DISORDER, MAJOR; and SCHIZOPHRENIA).
Learned expectation that one's responses are independent of reward and, hence, do not predict or control the occurrence of rewards. Learned helplessness derives from a history, experimentally induced or naturally occurring, of having received punishment/aversive stimulation regardless of responses made. Such circumstances result in an impaired ability to learn. Used for human or animal populations. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 1994)
Moving or bringing something from a lower level to a higher one. The concept encompasses biomechanic stresses resulting from work done in transferring objects from one plane to another as well as the effects of varying techniques of patient handling and transfer.
Biological mechanism that controls CIRCADIAN RHYTHM. Circadian clocks exist in the simplest form in cyanobacteria and as more complex systems in fungi, plants, and animals. In humans the system includes photoresponsive RETINAL GANGLION CELLS and the SUPRACHIASMATIC NUCLEUS that acts as the central oscillator.
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
The time period of daily exposure that an organism receives from daylight or artificial light. It is believed that photoperiodic responses may affect the control of energy balance and thermoregulation.
Brain waves characterized by a relatively high voltage or amplitude and a frequency of 8-13 Hz. They constitute the majority of waves recorded by EEG registering the activity of the parietal and occipital lobes when the individual is awake, but relaxed with the eyes closed.
Collection of pleomorphic cells in the caudal part of the anterior horn of the LATERAL VENTRICLE, in the region of the OLFACTORY TUBERCLE, lying between the head of the CAUDATE NUCLEUS and the ANTERIOR PERFORATED SUBSTANCE. It is part of the so-called VENTRAL STRIATUM, a composite structure considered part of the BASAL GANGLIA.
The act of making a selection among two or more alternatives, usually after a period of deliberation.
The detailed examination of observable activity or behavior associated with the execution or completion of a required function or unit of work.
A mechanism of information stimulus and response that may control subsequent behavior, cognition, perception, or performance. (From APA Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed.)
Almond-shaped group of basal nuclei anterior to the INFERIOR HORN OF THE LATERAL VENTRICLE of the TEMPORAL LOBE. The amygdala is part of the limbic system.
Intellectual or mental process whereby an organism obtains knowledge.
The affective response to an actual current external danger which subsides with the elimination of the threatening condition.
Feeling or emotion of dread, apprehension, and impending disaster but not disabling as with ANXIETY DISORDERS.
An unpleasant sensation induced by noxious stimuli which are detected by NERVE ENDINGS of NOCICEPTIVE NEURONS.
Conceptual functions or thinking in all its forms.
Those psychological characteristics which differentiate individuals from one another.
The act, process, or result of passing from one place or position to another. It differs from LOCOMOTION in that locomotion is restricted to the passing of the whole body from one place to another, while movement encompasses both locomotion but also a change of the position of the whole body or any of its parts. Movement may be used with reference to humans, vertebrate and invertebrate animals, and microorganisms. Differentiate also from MOTOR ACTIVITY, movement associated with behavior.
Voluntary activity without external compulsion.
The observable response an animal makes to any situation.
The internal individual struggle resulting from incompatible or opposing needs, drives, or external and internal demands. In group interactions, competitive or opposing action of incompatibles: antagonistic state or action (as of divergent ideas, interests, or persons). (from Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)
The physiological mechanisms that govern the rhythmic occurrence of certain biochemical, physiological, and behavioral phenomena.
Striped GRAY MATTER and WHITE MATTER consisting of the NEOSTRIATUM and paleostriatum (GLOBUS PALLIDUS). It is located in front of and lateral to the THALAMUS in each cerebral hemisphere. The gray substance is made up of the CAUDATE NUCLEUS and the lentiform nucleus (the latter consisting of the GLOBUS PALLIDUS and PUTAMEN). The WHITE MATTER is the INTERNAL CAPSULE.
Recording of the changes in electric potential of muscle by means of surface or needle electrodes.
Male parents, human or animal.
Age of the biological father.
The observable response of a man or animal to a situation.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Recording of electric currents developed in the brain by means of electrodes applied to the scalp, to the surface of the brain, or placed within the substance of the brain.
An effect usually, but not necessarily, beneficial that is attributable to an expectation that the regimen will have an effect, i.e., the effect is due to the power of suggestion.
A response to a cue that is instrumental in avoiding a noxious experience.
Behavioral manifestations of cerebral dominance in which there is preferential use and superior functioning of either the left or the right side, as in the preferred use of the right hand or right foot.
Force exerted when gripping or grasping.
A set of forebrain structures common to all mammals that is defined functionally and anatomically. It is implicated in the higher integration of visceral, olfactory, and somatic information as well as homeostatic responses including fundamental survival behaviors (feeding, mating, emotion). For most authors, it includes the AMYGDALA; EPITHALAMUS; GYRUS CINGULI; hippocampal formation (see HIPPOCAMPUS); HYPOTHALAMUS; PARAHIPPOCAMPAL GYRUS; SEPTAL NUCLEI; anterior nuclear group of thalamus, and portions of the basal ganglia. (Parent, Carpenter's Human Neuroanatomy, 9th ed, p744; NeuroNames, (September 2, 1998)).
Relatively permanent change in behavior that is the result of past experience or practice. The concept includes the acquisition of knowledge.
Usually refers to the use of mathematical models in the prediction of learning to perform tasks based on the theory of probability applied to responses; it may also refer to the frequency of occurrence of the responses observed in the particular study.
Use of sound to elicit a response in the nervous system.
Electrical responses recorded from nerve, muscle, SENSORY RECEPTOR, or area of the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM following stimulation. They range from less than a microvolt to several microvolts. The evoked potential can be auditory (EVOKED POTENTIALS, AUDITORY), somatosensory (EVOKED POTENTIALS, SOMATOSENSORY), visual (EVOKED POTENTIALS, VISUAL), or motor (EVOKED POTENTIALS, MOTOR), or other modalities that have been reported.
The physical activity of a human or an animal as a behavioral phenomenon.
The health status of the family as a unit including the impact of the health of one member of the family on the family as a unit and on individual family members; also, the impact of family organization or disorganization on the health status of its members.
The principle that items experienced together enter into a connection, so that one tends to reinstate the other.
A group of dominantly inherited, predominately late-onset, cerebellar ataxias which have been divided into multiple subtypes based on clinical features and genetic mapping. Progressive ataxia is a central feature of these conditions, and in certain subtypes POLYNEUROPATHY; DYSARTHRIA; visual loss; and other disorders may develop. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1997, Ch65, pp 12-17; J Neuropathol Exp Neurol 1998 Jun;57(6):531-43)
The largest and most lateral of the BASAL GANGLIA lying between the lateral medullary lamina of the GLOBUS PALLIDUS and the EXTERNAL CAPSULE. It is part of the neostriatum and forms part of the LENTIFORM NUCLEUS along with the GLOBUS PALLIDUS.
The ability to estimate periods of time lapsed or duration of time.
Tests designed to assess neurological function associated with certain behaviors. They are used in diagnosing brain dysfunction or damage and central nervous system disorders or injury.
An act performed without delay, reflection, voluntary direction or obvious control in response to a stimulus.
Marked depression appearing in the involution period and characterized by hallucinations, delusions, paranoia, and agitation.
Act of eliciting a response from a person or organism through physical contact.
The selecting and organizing of visual stimuli based on the individual's past experience.
The process of discovering or asserting an objective or intrinsic relation between two objects or concepts; a faculty or power that enables a person to make judgments; the process of bringing to light and asserting the implicit meaning of a concept; a critical evaluation of a person or situation.
Scales, questionnaires, tests, and other methods used to assess pain severity and duration in patients or experimental animals to aid in diagnosis, therapy, and physiological studies.
Central gray matter surrounding the CEREBRAL AQUEDUCT in the MESENCEPHALON. Physiologically it is probably involved in RAGE reactions, the LORDOSIS REFLEX; FEEDING responses, bladder tonus, and pain.
An outbred strain of rats developed in 1915 by crossing several Wistar Institute white females with a wild gray male. Inbred strains have been derived from this original outbred strain, including Long-Evans cinnamon rats (RATS, INBRED LEC) and Otsuka-Long-Evans-Tokushima Fatty rats (RATS, INBRED OLETF), which are models for Wilson's disease and non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus, respectively.
Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.
Upper central part of the cerebral hemisphere. It is located posterior to central sulcus, anterior to the OCCIPITAL LOBE, and superior to the TEMPORAL LOBES.
Learning that takes place when a conditioned stimulus is paired with an unconditioned stimulus.
Paired bodies containing mostly GRAY MATTER and forming part of the lateral wall of the THIRD VENTRICLE of the brain.
Categorical classification of MENTAL DISORDERS based on criteria sets with defining features. It is produced by the American Psychiatric Association. (DSM-IV, page xxii)
Communication through a system of conventional vocal symbols.
A group of autosomal-dominant inherited diseases in which COLON CANCER arises in discrete adenomas. Unlike FAMILIAL POLYPOSIS COLI with hundreds of polyps, hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal neoplasms occur much later, in the fourth and fifth decades. HNPCC has been associated with germline mutations in mismatch repair (MMR) genes. It has been subdivided into Lynch syndrome I or site-specific colonic cancer, and LYNCH SYNDROME II which includes extracolonic cancer.
Eye movements that are slow, continuous, and conjugate and occur when a fixed object is moved slowly.
A DNA repair pathway involved in correction of errors introduced during DNA replication when an incorrect base, which cannot form hydrogen bonds with the corresponding base in the parent strand, is incorporated into the daughter strand. Excinucleases recognize the BASE PAIR MISMATCH and cause a segment of polynucleotide chain to be excised from the daughter strand, thereby removing the mismatched base. (from Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 2001)
Those characteristics that distinguish one SEX from the other. The primary sex characteristics are the OVARIES and TESTES and their related hormones. Secondary sex characteristics are those which are masculine or feminine but not directly related to reproduction.
Stress wherein emotional factors predominate.
The consumption of edible substances.
A severe emotional disorder of psychotic depth characteristically marked by a retreat from reality with delusion formation, HALLUCINATIONS, emotional disharmony, and regressive behavior.
The withholding of food in a structured experimental situation.
Voluntary or reflex-controlled movements of the eye.
The distal part of the arm beyond the wrist in humans and primates, that includes the palm, fingers, and thumb.
The non-genetic biological changes of an organism in response to challenges in its ENVIRONMENT.
The ability to detect chemicals through gustatory receptors in the mouth, including those on the TONGUE; the PALATE; the PHARYNX; and the EPIGLOTTIS.
The process whereby auditory stimuli are selected, organized, and interpreted by the organism.
An individual having different alleles at one or more loci regarding a specific character.
Complex mental function having four distinct phases: (1) memorizing or learning, (2) retention, (3) recall, and (4) recognition. Clinically, it is usually subdivided into immediate, recent, and remote memory.
One of the catecholamine NEUROTRANSMITTERS in the brain. It is derived from TYROSINE and is the precursor to NOREPINEPHRINE and EPINEPHRINE. Dopamine is a major transmitter in the extrapyramidal system of the brain, and important in regulating movement. A family of receptors (RECEPTORS, DOPAMINE) mediate its action.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
Study of mental processes and behavior of schizophrenics.
Amount of stimulation required before the sensation of pain is experienced.
The basic cellular units of nervous tissue. Each neuron consists of a body, an axon, and dendrites. Their purpose is to receive, conduct, and transmit impulses in the NERVOUS SYSTEM.
The strengthening of a conditioned response.
A general term referring to the learning of some particular response.
Learning situations in which the sequence responses of the subject are instrumental in producing reinforcement. When the correct response occurs, which involves the selection from among a repertoire of responses, the subject is immediately reinforced.
The awareness of the spatial properties of objects; includes physical space.
Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.
Statistical models in which the value of a parameter for a given value of a factor is assumed to be equal to a + bx, where a and b are constants. The models predict a linear regression.
The real or apparent movement of objects through the visual field.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of the neurological system, processes or phenomena; includes the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Motion of an object in which either one or more points on a line are fixed. It is also the motion of a particle about a fixed point. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
An abrupt voluntary shift in ocular fixation from one point to another, as occurs in reading.
Female parents, human or animal.
Any deviation of results or inferences from the truth, or processes leading to such deviation. Bias can result from several sources: one-sided or systematic variations in measurement from the true value (systematic error); flaws in study design; deviation of inferences, interpretations, or analyses based on flawed data or data collection; etc. There is no sense of prejudice or subjectivity implied in the assessment of bias under these conditions.
Application of statistical procedures to analyze specific observed or assumed facts from a particular study.
The outward appearance of the individual. It is the product of interactions between genes, and between the GENOTYPE and the environment.
The prediction or projection of the nature of future problems or existing conditions based upon the extrapolation or interpretation of existing scientific data or by the application of scientific methodology.
The clear, viscous fluid secreted by the SALIVARY GLANDS and mucous glands of the mouth. It contains MUCINS, water, organic salts, and ptylin.
The co-inheritance of two or more non-allelic GENES due to their being located more or less closely on the same CHROMOSOME.
The science dealing with the correlation of the physical characteristics of a stimulus, e.g., frequency or intensity, with the response to the stimulus, in order to assess the psychologic factors involved in the relationship.
Mental processing of chromatic signals (COLOR VISION) from the eye by the VISUAL CORTEX where they are converted into symbolic representations. Color perception involves numerous neurons, and is influenced not only by the distribution of wavelengths from the viewed object, but also by its background color and brightness contrast at its boundary.
Mental process to visually perceive a critical number of facts (the pattern), such as characters, shapes, displays, or designs.
The main glucocorticoid secreted by the ADRENAL CORTEX. Its synthetic counterpart is used, either as an injection or topically, in the treatment of inflammation, allergy, collagen diseases, asthma, adrenocortical deficiency, shock, and some neoplastic conditions.
A latent susceptibility to disease at the genetic level, which may be activated under certain conditions.
A species of the genus MACACA inhabiting India, China, and other parts of Asia. The species is used extensively in biomedical research and adapts very well to living with humans.
Undertaking a task involving a challenge for achievement or a desirable goal in which there is a lack of certainty or a fear of failure. It may also include the exhibiting of certain behaviors whose outcomes may present a risk to the individual or to those associated with him or her.
A social group consisting of parents or parent substitutes and children.

The cerebellum and pain: passive integrator or active participator? (1/188)


Favouritism in the motor system: social interaction modulates action simulation. (2/188)


Variance components in discrete force production tasks. (3/188)


Impact of food restriction and cocaine on locomotion in ghrelin- and ghrelin-receptor knockout mice. (4/188)


Daily timed sexual interaction induces moderate anticipatory activity in mice. (5/188)


Corticospinal excitability during preparation for an anticipatory action is modulated by the availability of visual information. (6/188)


Sensorimotor adaptation error signals are derived from realistic predictions of movement outcomes. (7/188)


The relationship between amygdala activation and passive exposure time to an aversive cue during a continuous performance task. (8/188)


The term "anticipation" refers to the fact that the age of onset of the disorder or disease is anticipated or expected to be earlier in each succeeding generation. For example, if a child is born with a genetic disorder and their parents were both affected at a later age, it is likely that their children will also be affected at an earlier age.

Genetic anticipation can be seen in many inherited disorders, such as Huntington's disease, myotonic dystrophy, and fragile X syndrome. In these disorders, the mutated gene leads to progressive degeneration of cells and tissues, which can result in a wide range of symptoms including cognitive decline, motor dysfunction, and premature death.

Understanding genetic anticipation is important for predicting the course of inherited disorders and developing effective treatments. It can also inform the development of genetic counseling and testing programs to help families understand their risk of inheriting these disorders.

There are several types of spinocerebellar degenerations, including:

1. Spinocerebellar ataxia (SCA): This is the most common type of spinocerebellar degeneration, and it is caused by a mutation in one of several genes that code for proteins involved in the function of the cerebellum and spinal cord.
2. Spinocerebellar neurodegeneration with axonal degeneration (SCN1A): This type of spinocerebellar degeneration is caused by a mutation in the SCN1A gene, which codes for a protein that regulates the flow of sodium ions in and out of nerve cells.
3. Spinocerebellar neurodegeneration with Purkinje cell loss (SCN2): This type of spinocerebellar degeneration is caused by a mutation in the SCN2 gene, which codes for a protein that plays a role in the regulation of the cytoskeleton in nerve cells.
4. Spinocerebellar neurodegeneration with optic atrophy (SCN3): This type of spinocerebellar degeneration is caused by a mutation in the SCN3 gene, which codes for a protein that plays a role in the regulation of the cytoskeleton in nerve cells.

The symptoms of spinocerebellar degenerations can vary depending on the specific type of disorder and the age at which they appear. In general, these disorders are characterized by:

1. Progressive loss of motor function: Patients with spinocerebellar degenerations may experience weakness, tremors, and difficulty with coordination and balance.
2. Cognitive decline: Spinocerebellar degenerations can also cause cognitive decline, including memory loss, confusion, and difficulty with language processing.
3. Seizures: Some patients with spinocerebellar degenerations may experience seizures.
4. Vision loss: Spinocerebellar degenerations can cause progressive vision loss, including blindness.
5. Sleep disturbances: Patients with spinocerebellar degenerations may experience sleep disturbances, including insomnia and restlessness.
6. Emotional changes: Spinocerebellar degenerations can also cause emotional changes, such as depression, anxiety, and mood swings.

The diagnosis of spinocerebellar degeneration is based on a combination of clinical examination, imaging studies, and genetic testing. Imaging studies, such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and positron emission tomography (PET), can help to identify the specific type of disorder and the extent of brain damage. Genetic testing can help to confirm the diagnosis by identifying a mutation in one of the genes associated with spinocerebellar degeneration.

There is currently no cure for spinocerebellar degenerations, but there are several treatments available that can help to manage the symptoms and slow the progression of the disease. These include:

1. Physical therapy: Physical therapy can help to improve motor function and balance.
2. Occupational therapy: Occupational therapy can help patients to adapt to their condition and maintain independence.
3. Speech therapy: Speech therapy can help to improve communication and swallowing difficulties.
4. Medications: Various medications, such as anticonvulsants, muscle relaxants, and pain relievers, can be used to manage seizures, muscle spasms, and pain.
5. Deep brain stimulation: Deep brain stimulation is a surgical procedure that involves implanting an electrode in the brain to deliver electrical impulses to specific areas of the brain. This can help to improve motor function and reduce symptoms.
6. Stem cell therapy: Stem cell therapy is a promising area of research for the treatment of spinocerebellar degenerations. Stem cells have the ability to differentiate into different types of cells, including neurons, and may help to replace damaged cells in the brain.
7. Gene therapy: Gene therapy involves using genes to treat or prevent diseases. This can involve replacing a faulty gene with a healthy one or silencing a faulty gene. Gene therapy is still in its infancy for spinocerebellar degenerations, but it is an area of active research.
8. Physical activity: Regular physical activity has been shown to improve motor function and overall health in patients with spinocerebellar degenerations.
9. Cognitive rehabilitation: Cognitive rehabilitation can help to improve cognitive function and independence in daily activities.
10. Supportive care: Supportive care, such as physical therapy, occupational therapy, and speech therapy, can help to improve quality of life and manage symptoms.

It's important to note that the most effective treatment plan for spinocerebellar degenerations will depend on the specific type of disease, the severity of symptoms, and the individual needs of each patient. It is best to work with a healthcare provider to develop a personalized treatment plan.

Gambling can also be considered a behavioral addiction, as some individuals may become so consumed by the activity that they neglect other aspects of their lives, experience financial problems, and exhibit other signs of addiction. In this context, gambling is often classified as an impulse control disorder or a substance use disorder.

In the medical field, gambling can have various effects on an individual's physical and mental health, such as:

1. Financial problems: Gambling can lead to significant financial losses, which can cause stress, anxiety, and depression.
2. Sleep disturbances: Engaging in gambling activities at night or experiencing the excitement of winning can disrupt sleep patterns and lead to insomnia or other sleep disorders.
3. Substance abuse: Gambling can sometimes be accompanied by substance abuse, as individuals may turn to drugs or alcohol to cope with their gambling problems or to enhance their gambling experience.
4. Mood disorders: Gambling can contribute to the development of mood disorders such as depression, anxiety, and bipolar disorder.
5. Suicidal ideation: In extreme cases, individuals struggling with gambling addiction may experience suicidal thoughts or attempts.
6. Social problems: Gambling can strain relationships with family and friends, leading to social isolation and loneliness.
7. Physical health problems: Chronic stress and anxiety associated with gambling can contribute to various physical health problems, such as hypertension, cardiovascular disease, and musculoskeletal problems.
8. Cognitive impairment: Compulsive gambling can affect cognitive functioning, including attention, memory, and decision-making abilities.
9. Family dynamics: Gambling can have a significant impact on family dynamics, leading to conflicts, divorce, and financial hardship.
10. Financial consequences: Gambling can lead to significant financial problems, including debt, bankruptcy, and even criminal activity.

It's important to note that not all individuals who experience these problems will develop a gambling disorder, and that other factors such as genetics, family history, and environmental factors can contribute to the development of gambling addiction.

There are two main types of myotonic dystrophy:

1. Type 1 (also known as DM1): This is the most common form of the disorder and affects about 90% of all cases. It is caused by a mutation in the DMPK gene on chromosome 19.
2. Type 2 (also known as DM2): This form of the disorder is less common and affects about 10% of all cases. It is caused by a mutation in the CNBP gene on chromosome 3.

Symptoms of myotonic dystrophy typically appear in adults between the ages of 20 and 40, but can sometimes be present at birth. They may include:

* Muscle stiffness and rigidity
* Weakness of the face, neck, and limbs
* Difficulty swallowing (dysphagia)
* Difficulty speaking or slurred speech (dysarthria)
* Eye problems, such as cataracts or muscle imbalance in the eyelids
* Cramps and muscle spasms
* Fatigue and weakness
* Slowed muscle relaxation after contraction (myotonia)

Myotonic dystrophy is diagnosed through a combination of physical examination, medical history, and genetic testing. There is currently no cure for the disorder, but various treatments can help manage symptoms and slow its progression. These may include:

* Physical therapy to improve muscle strength and function
* Medications to relax muscles and reduce spasms
* Speech therapy to improve communication and swallowing difficulties
* Occupational therapy to assist with daily activities and independence
* Orthotics and assistive devices to help with mobility and other challenges

It is important for individuals with myotonic dystrophy to work closely with their healthcare providers to manage their symptoms and maintain a good quality of life. With appropriate treatment and support, many people with the disorder are able to lead active and fulfilling lives.

Amyloidosis can affect many different parts of the body, including the nervous system, the heart, the kidneys, the liver, and other organs. In the nervous system, amyloid accumulation can lead to various neurodegenerative disorders, such as Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, prion diseases, and others.

Amyloid deposits in the nervous system can cause a range of symptoms including cognitive decline, memory loss, confusion, language impairment, and difficulty with coordination and movement. In addition, amyloid accumulation can lead to inflammation, oxidative stress, and excitotoxicity, which can further exacerbate neurodegeneration.

There are several types of amyloidosis that can affect the nervous system, including:

1. Alzheimer's disease: This is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder that is characterized by the accumulation of beta-amyloid peptides in the brain, leading to cognitive decline and memory loss.
2. Parkinson's disease: This is a neurodegenerative disorder that affects movement, balance, and coordination. It is characterized by the accumulation of alpha-synuclein protein in the brain.
3. Prion diseases: These are a group of rare, progressive neurodegenerative disorders that are caused by misfolded prion proteins. They can affect both the central and peripheral nervous systems.
4. Other forms of amyloidosis: There are several other forms of amyloidosis that can affect the nervous system, including primary lateral sclerosis, progressive supranuclear palsy, and corticobasal degeneration.

Amyloidosis can be diagnosed through a combination of clinical evaluation, imaging studies, and biopsy. Treatment options for amyloidosis vary depending on the underlying cause and severity of the disease. Some common treatments include:

1. Medications: There are several medications that can be used to treat amyloidosis, including cholinesterase inhibitors, dopamine agonists, and memantine.
2. Physical therapy: Physical therapy can help improve mobility, balance, and coordination in people with amyloidosis.
3. Speech therapy: Speech therapy can help improve communication and swallowing difficulties in people with amyloidosis.
4. Occupational therapy: Occupational therapy can help people with amyloidosis adapt to changes in their daily living activities and maintain their independence.
5. Surgery: In some cases, surgery may be necessary to relieve pressure on the brain or spinal cord caused by amyloid accumulation.

Currently, there is no cure for amyloidosis, but early diagnosis and treatment can help manage symptoms and improve quality of life. Research into new treatments and therapies is ongoing, including clinical trials exploring the use of stem cells, gene therapy, and immunotherapy to treat amyloidosis.

Anhedonia can manifest in different ways, depending on the individual and their specific condition. Some common examples include:

* Loss of interest in activities that were once enjoyed, such as hobbies or socializing
* Difficulty experiencing pleasure from activities that are normally enjoyable, such as eating or sexual activity
* Feeling emotionally flat or numb, even in response to positive events or experiences
* Difficulty finding joy or happiness in life, even in response to positive events or experiences.

Anhedonia can be caused by a wide range of factors, including:

* Depression and other mood disorders
* Schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders
* Neurological disorders such as Parkinson's disease, Huntington's disease, and multiple sclerosis
* Chronic pain and other conditions that can affect the brain's reward system
* Substance abuse and addiction
* Sleep disorders
* Nutritional deficiencies, such as a lack of vitamin B12 or iron.

There are several ways to diagnose anhedonia, including:

* Clinical interview: A healthcare professional will ask questions about the patient's symptoms and medical history to determine if they are experiencing anhedonia.
* Physical examination: The healthcare professional may also perform a physical examination to rule out any underlying medical conditions that could be causing the anhedonia.
* Psychological assessments: The healthcare professional may use standardized tests to assess the patient's mood and emotional state, such as the Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression or the Beck Depression Inventory.

There are several treatment options for anhedonia, depending on the underlying cause. These may include:

* Medications: Antidepressants, antipsychotics, and mood stabilizers can be effective in treating anhedonia caused by depression and other mental health conditions.
* Psychotherapy: Talk therapy, such as cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), can help patients identify and change negative thought patterns and behaviors that contribute to anhedonia.
* Lifestyle changes: Making healthy lifestyle changes, such as regular exercise, getting enough sleep, and eating a balanced diet, can help improve mood and reduce anhedonia.

It is important to seek medical attention if you or someone you know is experiencing symptoms of anhedonia, as early diagnosis and treatment can improve the chances of successful treatment.

There are several different types of pain, including:

1. Acute pain: This type of pain is sudden and severe, and it usually lasts for a short period of time. It can be caused by injuries, surgery, or other forms of tissue damage.
2. Chronic pain: This type of pain persists over a long period of time, often lasting more than 3 months. It can be caused by conditions such as arthritis, fibromyalgia, or nerve damage.
3. Neuropathic pain: This type of pain results from damage to the nervous system, and it can be characterized by burning, shooting, or stabbing sensations.
4. Visceral pain: This type of pain originates in the internal organs, and it can be difficult to localize.
5. Psychogenic pain: This type of pain is caused by psychological factors such as stress, anxiety, or depression.

The medical field uses a range of methods to assess and manage pain, including:

1. Pain rating scales: These are numerical scales that patients use to rate the intensity of their pain.
2. Pain diaries: These are records that patients keep to track their pain over time.
3. Clinical interviews: Healthcare providers use these to gather information about the patient's pain experience and other relevant symptoms.
4. Physical examination: This can help healthcare providers identify any underlying causes of pain, such as injuries or inflammation.
5. Imaging studies: These can be used to visualize the body and identify any structural abnormalities that may be contributing to the patient's pain.
6. Medications: There are a wide range of medications available to treat pain, including analgesics, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), and muscle relaxants.
7. Alternative therapies: These can include acupuncture, massage, and physical therapy.
8. Interventional procedures: These are minimally invasive procedures that can be used to treat pain, such as nerve blocks and spinal cord stimulation.

It is important for healthcare providers to approach pain management with a multi-modal approach, using a combination of these methods to address the physical, emotional, and social aspects of pain. By doing so, they can help improve the patient's quality of life and reduce their suffering.

There are multiple types of SCA, each caused by an expansion of a specific DNA repeat sequence in the genome. This expansion leads to a loss of function in the protein produced by that gene, which is involved in various cellular processes that are essential for the proper functioning of the nervous system.

The symptoms of SCA typically begin in adulthood and can vary in severity and progression depending on the specific type of disorder. They may include:

1. Coordination problems and balance difficulties, leading to a wide, unsteady gait.
2. Slurred speech and difficulty with swallowing.
3. Difficulty with fine motor movements, such as writing or using utensils.
4. Loss of vision, including blindness in some cases.
5. Cognitive decline and dementia.
6. Seizures and other neurological problems.

There is currently no cure for SCA, and treatment is focused on managing symptoms and improving quality of life. This may include physical therapy, occupational therapy, speech therapy, and medication to control seizures or other neurological problems. In some cases, surgery may be necessary to relieve pressure on the brain or spinal cord.

Genetic testing can help diagnose SCA by detecting the expansion of the specific DNA repeat sequence that causes the disorder. This information can also be used to inform family members about their risk of inheriting the condition.

In summary, spinocerebellar ataxias are a group of inherited disorders that affect the brain and spinal cord, leading to progressive degeneration of the nervous system and a range of symptoms including coordination problems, slurred speech, and loss of vision. While there is currently no cure for SCA, treatment can help manage symptoms and improve quality of life. Genetic testing can help diagnose the condition and inform family members about their risk of inheriting it.

The exact cause of MDD is not known, but it is believed to involve a combination of genetic, environmental, and psychological factors. Some risk factors for developing MDD include:

* Family history of depression or other mental health conditions
* History of trauma or stressful life events
* Chronic illness or chronic pain
* Substance abuse or addiction
* Personality traits such as low self-esteem or perfectionism

Symptoms of MDD can vary from person to person, but typically include:

* Persistent feelings of sadness, emptiness, or hopelessness
* Loss of interest in activities that were once enjoyed
* Changes in appetite or sleep patterns
* Fatigue or loss of energy
* Difficulty concentrating or making decisions
* Thoughts of death or suicide

MDD can be diagnosed by a mental health professional, such as a psychiatrist or psychologist, based on the symptoms and their duration. Treatment typically involves a combination of medication and therapy, and may include:

* Antidepressant medications to relieve symptoms of depression
* Psychotherapy, such as cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), to help identify and change negative thought patterns and behaviors
* Interpersonal therapy (IPT) to improve communication skills and relationships with others
* Other forms of therapy, such as mindfulness-based therapies or relaxation techniques

It is important to seek professional help if symptoms of depression are severe or persistent, as MDD can have a significant impact on daily life and can increase the risk of suicide. With appropriate treatment, however, many people with MDD are able to manage their symptoms and improve their quality of life.

HNPCC is caused by mutations in genes involved in DNA repair, specifically in the MLH1, MSH2, MSH6, PMS2, and EPCAM genes. These genes help to repair mistakes that occur during DNA replication and repair. When these genes are mutated, the cells in the colon do not function properly and can develop into cancer.

The symptoms of HNPCC can vary depending on the location and size of the polyps, but may include:

* Blood in the stool
* Changes in bowel movements, such as diarrhea or constipation
* Abdominal pain or discomfort
* Weakness and fatigue

HNPCC is diagnosed through a combination of clinical criteria, family history, and genetic testing. Genetic testing can identify specific mutations in the genes associated with HNPCC.

Treatment for HNPCC typically involves surveillance and monitoring to detect and remove polyps before they become cancerous. This may include regular colonoscopies, endoscopies, and imaging tests such as CT scans or MRI. In some cases, surgery may be necessary to remove the affected portion of the colon or rectum.

The prognosis for HNPCC is generally poor, with a high risk of developing colorectal cancer and other cancers. However, early detection and removal of polyps can improve outcomes. It is important for individuals with HNPCC to follow their treatment plans closely and to be monitored regularly by a healthcare provider.

In summary, hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal neoplasia (HNPCC) is a rare inherited condition that increases the risk of developing colorectal cancer and other types of cancer. It is caused by mutations in genes involved in DNA repair and surveillance, and can be diagnosed through clinical criteria, family history, and genetic testing. Treatment typically involves surveillance and monitoring, with surgery may be necessary in some cases. The prognosis for HNPCC is generally poor, but early detection and removal of polyps can improve outcomes.

The term "schizophrenia" was first used by the Swiss psychiatrist Eugen Bleuler in 1908 to describe the splitting of mental functions, which he believed was a key feature of the disorder. The word is derived from the Greek words "schizein," meaning "to split," and "phrenos," meaning "mind."

There are several subtypes of schizophrenia, including:

1. Paranoid Schizophrenia: Characterized by delusions of persecution and suspicion, and a tendency to be hostile and defensive.
2. Hallucinatory Schizophrenia: Characterized by hearing voices or seeing things that are not there.
3. Disorganized Schizophrenia: Characterized by disorganized thinking and behavior, and a lack of motivation or interest in activities.
4. Catatonic Schizophrenia: Characterized by immobility, mutism, and other unusual movements or postures.
5. Undifferentiated Schizophrenia: Characterized by a combination of symptoms from the above subtypes.

The exact cause of schizophrenia is still not fully understood, but it is believed to involve a combination of genetic, environmental, and neurochemical factors. It is important to note that schizophrenia is not caused by poor parenting or a person's upbringing.

There are several risk factors for developing schizophrenia, including:

1. Genetics: A person with a family history of schizophrenia is more likely to develop the disorder.
2. Brain chemistry: Imbalances in neurotransmitters such as dopamine and serotonin have been linked to schizophrenia.
3. Prenatal factors: Factors such as maternal malnutrition or exposure to certain viruses during pregnancy may increase the risk of schizophrenia in offspring.
4. Childhood trauma: Traumatic events during childhood, such as abuse or neglect, have been linked to an increased risk of developing schizophrenia.
5. Substance use: Substance use has been linked to an increased risk of developing schizophrenia, particularly cannabis and other psychotic substances.

There is no cure for schizophrenia, but treatment can help manage symptoms and improve quality of life. Treatment options include:

1. Medications: Antipsychotic medications are the primary treatment for schizophrenia. They can help reduce positive symptoms such as hallucinations and delusions, and negative symptoms such as a lack of motivation or interest in activities.
2. Therapy: Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) and other forms of talk therapy can help individuals with schizophrenia manage their symptoms and improve their quality of life.
3. Social support: Support from family, friends, and support groups can be an important part of the treatment plan for individuals with schizophrenia.
4. Self-care: Engaging in activities that bring pleasure and fulfillment, such as hobbies or exercise, can help individuals with schizophrenia improve their overall well-being.

It is important to note that schizophrenia is a complex condition, and treatment should be tailored to the individual's specific needs and circumstances. With appropriate treatment and support, many people with schizophrenia are able to lead fulfilling lives and achieve their goals.

Explanation: Genetic predisposition to disease is influenced by multiple factors, including the presence of inherited genetic mutations or variations, environmental factors, and lifestyle choices. The likelihood of developing a particular disease can be increased by inherited genetic mutations that affect the functioning of specific genes or biological pathways. For example, inherited mutations in the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes increase the risk of developing breast and ovarian cancer.

The expression of genetic predisposition to disease can vary widely, and not all individuals with a genetic predisposition will develop the disease. Additionally, many factors can influence the likelihood of developing a particular disease, such as environmental exposures, lifestyle choices, and other health conditions.

Inheritance patterns: Genetic predisposition to disease can be inherited in an autosomal dominant, autosomal recessive, or multifactorial pattern, depending on the specific disease and the genetic mutations involved. Autosomal dominant inheritance means that a single copy of the mutated gene is enough to cause the disease, while autosomal recessive inheritance requires two copies of the mutated gene. Multifactorial inheritance involves multiple genes and environmental factors contributing to the development of the disease.

Examples of diseases with a known genetic predisposition:

1. Huntington's disease: An autosomal dominant disorder caused by an expansion of a CAG repeat in the Huntingtin gene, leading to progressive neurodegeneration and cognitive decline.
2. Cystic fibrosis: An autosomal recessive disorder caused by mutations in the CFTR gene, leading to respiratory and digestive problems.
3. BRCA1/2-related breast and ovarian cancer: An inherited increased risk of developing breast and ovarian cancer due to mutations in the BRCA1 or BRCA2 genes.
4. Sickle cell anemia: An autosomal recessive disorder caused by a point mutation in the HBB gene, leading to defective hemoglobin production and red blood cell sickling.
5. Type 1 diabetes: An autoimmune disease caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors, including multiple genes in the HLA complex.

Understanding the genetic basis of disease can help with early detection, prevention, and treatment. For example, genetic testing can identify individuals who are at risk for certain diseases, allowing for earlier intervention and preventive measures. Additionally, understanding the genetic basis of a disease can inform the development of targeted therapies and personalized medicine."

Siegel, Shepard (2005). "Drug Tolerance, Drug Addiction, and Drug Anticipation". Current Directions in Psychological Science. ... The rates of discrimination are linked to higher levels of psychological distress and risk behaviors. Women in Kenya account ...
Crow, T. J. (9 July 2009). "Clinical Research Centre Division of Psychiatry 1974-1977". Psychological Medicine. 8 (3): 515-523 ... ". "Anticipation in Huntington's Disease, J Medical Genetics 1988". "Transmissible and non-transmissible dementia, ... Psychological Medicine 1986". "Transmission of an autosomal dominant spongiform encephalopathy, British Medical Journal 1985 ...
American Psychological Association. Haith, M. M., Hazan, C., & Goodman, G. S. (1988). "Expectation and Anticipation of Dynamic ... Psychological Science in the Public Interest. 9 (3): 105-119. doi:10.1111/j.1539-6053.2009.01038.x. ISSN 1539-6053. PMID ... Current Directions in Psychological Science, 3(5), 140-145. Birch, H. G., & Belmont, L. (1965). "Auditory-visual integration, ...
Another key finding was that this is even true for the anticipation of such changes Schneiderman N, Ironson G, Siegel SD (2005 ... "Psychological Stress and Disease (HIV/AIDS)". Retrieved 2018-10-01. Miller G, Chen E, Cole SW (2009). "Health ... Even though psychological stress is often connected with illness or disease, most healthy individuals can still remain disease- ... This has led to multiple kinds of research, looking at the different aspects of psychological stress and how it changes over a ...
Anticipation Target: Take my bike. Error: Bake my bike. Perseveration Target: He pulled a tantrum. Error: He pulled a pantrum. ... Psychological Review, 89, 1-47. Garrett, M. F. (1976). Syntactic processing in sentence production. In E. Walker & R. Wales ( ... In sound exchange errors the order of two individual morphemes is reversed, while in sound anticipation errors a sound from a ... Performance errors supply evidence for the psychological existence of discrete linguistic units. Speech errors involve ...
The theory was extended[by whom?] to provide the basis for an explanation for psychological defence mechanisms; Plutchik ... He considered there to be eight primary emotions-anger, fear, sadness, disgust, surprise, anticipation, trust, and joy. ... and surprise versus anticipation. Additionally, his circumplex model makes connections between the idea of an emotion circle ... American Psychological Association The Nature of Emotions, a model that describes the relations among emotion concepts. ...
It is not known whether this is a psychological phenomenon that occurs within the abductee due to their own beliefs, or if it ... Anxious Anticipation of Something Unknown. The abductee feels that something "familiar yet unknown" will soon occur. Transition ... The abductee must cope with the psychological, physical, and social effects of the experience. Abduction researcher Joe Nyman ... who regard alien abduction as a purely psychological and cultural phenomenon. Skeptics of the abduction phenomenon contend that ...
Novices showed no forward distortion with the forward probes pilots anticipated, but when smaller anticipations were probed, ... Freyd, J. J. (1987). "Dynamic mental representations". Psychological Review. 94 (4): 427-438. doi:10.1037/0033-295x.94.4.427. ... Verfaillie, K.; d'Ydewalle, G. (1991). "Representational momentum and event course anticipation in the perception of implied ... Kerzel, D. (2005). "Representational momentum beyond internalized physics: Embodied mechanisms of anticipation cause errors of ...
No one will begrudge him this pleasure of anticipation. Certainly none of his predecessors in the Age of Faith can have ... To the reader, however, the interest of this part of the volume will be largely psychological ... "A WINTER PILGRRIMAGE". The ...
Proactive coping, also known as anticipatory adaptation or psychological preparedness, is made in anticipation of an event. On ... change on mental health Psychological impact of climate change Psychological aspects surrounding climate inaction Psychological ... Climate psychology is a field which aims to further our understanding of the psychological processes that occur in response to ... They are also developing initiatives such as co-operative inquiry, a method of doing research into psychological phenomena ...
Zaltman's marketing research methods enhanced psychological research used in marketing tools. The term "neuromarketing" was ... The chapter "Capitalism II : Infocapitalism (experience)" contains a development with sub-chapter Hyper-rational Anticipation: ... Retrieved 31 March 2016 Shiv, B.; Yoon, C. (2012). "Integrating neurophysiological and psychological approaches: Towards an ...
Anticipation is the emotion corresponding to expectation. Richard Lazarus asserts that people become accustomed to positive or ... Lazarus notes the widely accepted philosophical principle that "happiness depends on the background psychological status of the ... American Psychological Association. Vissing-Jorgenson (2003). "Perspectives on Behavioral Finance: Does "Irrationality" ... Irving Kirsch, a renowned psychological researcher, writes about "response-expectancies" which are: expectations about non- ...
Human behavior is known to encompass anticipation of the future. Anticipatory behavior can be the result of a psychological ...
Helplessness is also a factor in the overwhelming experience of real horror in psychological trauma. Playing at re-experiencing ... Terror is usually described as the feeling of dread and anticipation that precedes the horrifying experience. By contrast, ... The distinction between terror and horror is a standard literary and psychological concept applied especially to Gothic and ...
Psychological factors are associated with false pregnancy, including a strong desire for pregnancy; a misunderstanding of ... Women who experience false pregnancy often experience related feelings of stress, fear, anticipation, and general emotional ... Contributing psychological factors include a strong desire for pregnancy or misinterpretation of objective bodily sensations. ... Other psychological factors include recurrent miscarriages, stress of imminent menopause, tubal ligation (sterilization surgery ...
Kelly believed that anticipation and prediction are the main drivers of our mind. "Every man is, in his own particular way, a ... A main tenet of PCP theory is that a person's unique psychological processes are channeled by the way s/he anticipates events. ... Some psychologists have suggested that PCT is not a psychological theory but a metatheory because it is a theory about theories ... Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. ISBN 978-1557982797. OCLC 31518985. Epting, Franz R.; Probert, James S.; ...
However, he still wanted to highlight their psychological weaknesses across later episodes. In anticipation of the series' ...
Other psychological issues are noted, such as the implications of gestational carriers emotionally detaching themselves from ... their babies in anticipation of birth departure. The relevance of a woman's consent in judging the ethical acceptability of ... Van den Akker; Olga B.A. (2007). "Psychological trait and state characteristics, social support and attitudes to the surrogate ... These agencies often screen surrogates' psychological and other medical tests to ensure the best chance of healthy gestation ...
The presence of desirable (or "hedonic") food, or the mere anticipation of it, makes one hungry. The psychological effects of ... To assess this, a Power of Food Scale (PFS) has been developed that quantifies a person's appetitive anticipation (not ... A new measure of the psychological influence of the food environment". Appetite. 53 (1): 114-8. doi:10.1016/j.appet.2009.05.016 ...
... incentive to invest arises from the interplay between the physical circumstances of production and psychological anticipations ... Keynes adds that "this psychological law was of the utmost importance in the development of my own thought". Keynes viewed the ... Saving is simply that part of income not devoted to consumption, and: ... the prevailing psychological law seems to be that ...
Harvard Psychological Clinic. (70th anniversary ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press. 2008. ISBN 978-0-19-804152-8. OCLC ... For instance, in human beings, the frontal lobes are responsible for foresight and anticipation, and the occipital lobes are ... This stems from neuropsychology, which studies how the structure of the brain relates to various psychological processes and ... While there is no generally agreed-upon definition of personality, most theories focus on motivation and psychological ...
As with any distressing treatment, some patients vomit immediately during radiotherapy, or even in anticipation of it, but this ... is considered a psychological response. Nausea for any reason can be treated with antiemetics. Damage to the epithelial ...
Feelings of loss have been identified as being multi-faceted, and can originate in anticipation of loss soon to occur, as well ... and self-help books are available for people suffering from less severe psychological conditions. Some of the psychological ... The psychological effects of unusually low temperatures, which climate change can cause in some parts of the world, is much ... The psychological effects of climate also receive attention from governments and others involved in creating public policy, by ...
... and developing the concepts of introspection and externospection in an anticipation of Carl Jung's psychological types.: 702-3 ... In 1899, Binet was asked to be a member of the Free Society for the Psychological Study of the Child. French education changed ... In 1917, the Free Society for the Psychological Study of the Child, of which Binet became a member in 1899 and which prompted ... 35-45, doi:10.1353/aad.2012.0573, PMID 9222149, S2CID 42767787 Martin, O (1997), "[Psychological measurement from Binet to ...
The meta-plot begins with the anticipation stage, in which the hero is called to the adventure to come. This is followed by a ... We Tell Stories is a 2004 book by Christopher Booker containing a Jung-influenced analysis of stories and their psychological ...
... self-categorization theory indicates that higher levels of identification may lead to increased awareness and anticipation of ... The psychological impact of discrimination on health refers to the cognitive pathways through which discrimination impacts ... In experimental studies, stress in response to discrimination has been measured using a range of both psychological (e.g. ... Yip, Tiffany (2018). "Ethnic/Racial Identity-A Double-Edged Sword? Associations With Discrimination and Psychological Outcomes ...
Knutson B, Fong GW, Adams CM, Varner JL, Hommer D. Dissociation of reward anticipation and outcome with event-related fMRI. ... Brand betrayal is associated with feelings of psychological loss, self-castigation over previous brand support, anger from ... Reimann, M., Castaño, R., Zaichkowsky, J., Bechara, A. How We Relate to Brands: Psychological and Neurophysiological Insights ... and Psychological Investigation. Journal of Consumer Psychology. 2010; 20:431-441. Ambler T, Braeutigam S, Stins J, Rose S, ...
... a special psychological staff under military command and the centralization of sociological, psychological, and other cultural ... Harry Eckstein, "Internal War: The Problem of Anticipation", 1962. The recommendations of the Smithsonian Group led to a wave ... and psychological scholars." Research in psychological warfare was widespread, and according to University of Michigan ... "Psychological operations," they write, "include, of course, the relatively traditional use of mass media. In the cold war these ...
Anticipation of next negative event is the most common psychological symptom of workplace bullying reported by 80%. Panic ... It can include such tactics as verbal, nonverbal, psychological, and physical abuse, as well as humiliation. This type of ... It is thought that relational aggression (psychological aspects of bullying such as gossiping and intimidation) are relevant. ... Sauter, Steven L.; Murphy, Lawrence R.; Hurrell, Joseph J. (1990). "Prevention of work-related psychological disorders. A ...
Finally, psychological factors may contribute to or exacerbate the problem, since the anticipation of pain often results in a ... and psychological treatment by a multidisciplinary team. "Home". Rosen, Natalie O.; Dawson, Samantha J.; Brooks, ...
ISBN 978-0-691-04647-1. Ober, William B. "Woodrow Wilson: A Medical and Psychological Biography." Bulletin of the New York ... wanted war with Germany and attacked Wilson's refusal to build up the army in anticipation of war. After the sinking of the ... Ober, William B. (1983). "Woodrow Wilson: A Medical and Psychological Biography". Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine ...
Sinhozinho also cultivated the psychological aspect of self-defense, instructing his students to laugh at their attackers ... there was anticipation for a fight, so a bout between Emídio and usual Carioca fighter Hermanny was slated to be fought on June ...
... of 150 B-52s to Andersen Air Force Base in Guam and U-Tapao Royal Thai Navy Airfield in Thailand in anticipation of the PAVN ... five northern provinces of South Vietnam and while they had suffered severe losses the offensive had achieved a psychological ...
"How Psychological Science Informs the Teaching of Reading". Psychological Science in the Public Interest. 2 (2): 31-74. ... Some examples are graphic organizers, talking to the text, anticipation guides, double entry journals, interactive reading and ...
John, were greeted with anticipation, excitement, and speculation from the fans. At one point in 2000, Howarth returned for a ... According to Stone, Todd is a classical character−"a soap character of unprecedented psychological complexity, a being whose ... Executive producer Susan Bedsow Horgan, when speaking of Todd's psychological motivations, reported that Peter Manning degraded ... "the fallout has been shockingly riveting-thanks to the fact that head writer Ron Carlivati is playing all the psychological ...
The story is notable for bringing back the comic's trademark graphic and psychological horror, but the supernatural theme that ... "The horror and power in this volume is all derived from the various deadly effects of anticipation. Azzarello used his run on ...
Which would you rather be: idiot or convict? Conrad wrote H.G. Wells that the latter's 1901 book, Anticipations, an ambitious ... Men strove... to find confirmation of their... self-regard... in the eyes of others... Such a psychological heritage forms both ... His frequent changes of home were usually signs of a search for psychological regeneration. Between 1910 and 1919 Conrad's home ... British psychological fiction writers, 19th-century Polish novelists, 20th-century Polish novelists, Polish male novelists, ...
An opposition spokesman dismissed this as "psychological pressure". Also on 26 February, Kocharyan suggested that his ... in anticipation of Kocharian's state of emergency).[citation needed] Around 10:30 pm, Kocharyan declared a 20-day state of ...
By the late 1920s, high-rise apartment buildings were being developed on Central Park West in anticipation of the completion of ... psychological and social-of modern New York life". At the time, only about 45 of the 205 apartments were finished, and the ... high-rise apartment buildings were being developed on Central Park West in anticipation of the construction of the New York ...
Anticipation Paris syndrome State Home and Training School, Mich, Michigan. Lapeer (1932). Staff Papers, 1932. the University ... It is a source of psychological stress. The study of disappointment-its causes, impact, and the degree to which individual ...
During trunk rotational movements there is a learned CNS anticipation of Coriolis effects, mediated by generation of an ... Gyr John W (1972). "Is a Theory of Direct Visual Perception Adequate?". Psychological Bulletin. 77 (4): 246-261 [250]. doi: ...
Another psychological aspect that is used to get players to continue playing and buying microtransactions is called loss ... The children watch in anticipation, wondering what rare players the pack may produce. Then, they see the jubilant, over-the-top ...
In anticipation of the war, Japanese spies destroyed a large supply depot in Datong and carried out other acts of sabotage. Yan ... Tactics used by the Communists during that time included psychological warfare, such as forcing relatives of the Nationalist ...
Not only was this 'steal' of a coveted player a psychological coup for Rangers over their rivals, it also marked a change in ... Both clubs now back in the Premiership for 2016-17, and as season ticket sales rose in anticipation of their renewed meetings, ... Rangers gained some revenge and a psychological boost with a 3-2 victory in the 1973 Scottish Cup Final between the pair. ... they still won the last fixture away to Motherwell to claim a first title in 12 seasons and overcome the psychological blows of ...
3:37 p.m.: Maryland Governor Larry Hogan orders mobilization of Maryland National Guard forces in anticipation of a request for ... psychological pain". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on July 25, 2021. Retrieved July 25, 2021. Hammond, Elise ... Major General Walker loads guardsmen onto buses in anticipation of receiving permission from the Secretary of the Army to ... 3:32 p.m.: Governor Northam orders mobilization of Virginia National Guard forces in anticipation of a request for support ...
... as genetic anticipation (earlier disease onset with each generation) is associated with some mutations. Classically, the ... Additional practices may help maintain the emotional and psychological well-being of the minor. Screening includes a ...
Intentional participation is "keen observation and listening in anticipation of, or in the process of engaging in endeavors". ... Zentall, T. R.; Sutton, J. E.; Sherburne, L. M. (1996). "True imitative learning in pigeons". Psychological Science. 7 (6): 343 ... There are multiple important variables that aid in modifying physical skills and psychological responses from an observational ... Spence, K. W. (1937). "Experimental studies of learning and higher mental processes in infra-human primates". Psychological ...
This behavior may be in response to a surge of adrenaline or may be caused by the anticipation of a pending hunt. Cats rely ... The changers in typical eating patterns can be an early signal for possible physical or psychological health problem. A cat's ... Studies have shown that these animals provide many physiological and psychological benefits for the owner. Other aspects of cat ...
These patients also exhibited an increased rate of telomere-shortening, and genetic anticipation (i.e., the DC phenotype ... In 2009, it was shown that the amount of telomerase activity significantly increased following psychological stress. Across the ... Marrone A, Walne A, Dokal I (June 2005). "Dyskeratosis congenita: telomerase, telomeres and anticipation". Current Opinion in ... and psychological mediators". Psychoneuroendocrinology. 36 (5): 664-81. doi:10.1016/j.psyneuen.2010.09.010. PMID 21035949. ...
6) Psychological experiments cannot be conducted in the same way as physiological ones. Amnesia, for example, can neither be ... and the anticipation of a given result being the stimulus which directly and involuntarily prompts the muscular movements that ... Noble, D., Elements of Psychological Medicine: An Introduction to the Practical Study of Insanity Adapted for Students and ... "quite reconcilable with well-established physiological and psychological principles" (viz., they were well connected to the ...
Delirium is a 2013 Ukrainian psychological drama film produced and directed by Ihor Podolchak, premiered in Director's Week ... when the director seems to create an atmosphere of anxious anticipation, but these premonitions of something terrible are being ... 2010s psychological drama films, Neo-noir, Nonlinear narrative films, Surrealist films, Psychodrama, 2013 drama films). ... Podol'chak avoids narrative but everything happens outside the space-time continuum with a focus on psychological states. His ...
The anticipation of nature. London, UK: Hutchinson, 1965. Harré, H. Rom. Matter and method. London, UK: Macmillan, 1964. Harré ... Rethinking psychological methods. London, UK & Los Angeles, CA: Sage, 1995. Harré, H. Rom, & Harris, R., ed. Philosophy and ... 2012 Theodore Sarbin Award from the American Psychological Association, Society for Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology ( ... Lifetime Achievement Award from the American Psychological Association, Society for Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology ( ...
The Anarcho-Psychological Critique-Stirner, Nietzsche, Dostoevsky, London: Routledge and Kegan Paul Paul Carus (1911), "Max ... Perhaps even more remarkable is Stirner's apparent anticipation of a sacred Nietzschean cow, namely, the critique of the modern ...
The anticipation is delicious." -Beck on the future of Sam and Dylan's marriage. (2012) Towards the end of 2011, Sam Nicholls ( ... As the character was shown to be suffering with psychological issues, producers introduced his estranged father, Brian Carroll ...
Having brought together three such eminent talents, Carte had high expectations, and there was much anticipation in the press. ... Pinero's book, though overly long, contains vivid characters with psychological depth that Sullivan was able to develop more ...
In anticipation, Admiral Anaya had deployed all his available warships into three task groups. The first was centred around the ... The British Ministry of Defence operated a psychological warfare operation under the codename "Moonshine", which took the form ...
Strack, Fritz (2017). "From Data to Truth in Psychological Science. A Personal Perspective". Frontiers in Psychology. 8: 702. ... Murakami, Hisashi; Feliciani, Claudio; Nishiyama, Yuta; Nishinari, Katsuhiro (March 2021). "Mutual anticipation can contribute ... Psychological Medicine. 29 (3): 741-745. doi:10.1017/S0033291798007946. PMID 10405096. S2CID 12630172. Schultz, W. W.; Van ... Psychological Science. 22 (5): 627-633. doi:10.1177/0956797611404901. hdl:10044/1/10464. PMID 21467548. S2CID 13896846. Lewis, ...
In July 1967, lead single "Heroes and Villains" was issued, arriving after months of public anticipation, and reached number 12 ... Wilson's professional and psychological downturn, and the Manson murders, with David Howard calling it the "sunset of the ...
And p. 44: "West of Zanzibar reaches the peak of its psychological horror psychological horror,,," Rosenthal, 1975. pp. 19, 39 ... After years of anticipation, Dead Legs prepares to hatch his "macabre revenge": a sinister double murder. He summons Anna's ... "West of Zanzibar reaches the peak of its psychological horror when Chaney discovers that the girl he is using as a pawn in his ... "psychological horror." Biographer Stuart Rosenthal made these observations on Chaney's portrayals: Dead Legs is one of the ...
Anticipation and Resolution. *Rhythmic Organisation and Percussive Barriers. *Psychological and Ontological Time ...
Anticipation, Psychological / physiology* Actions. * Search in PubMed * Search in MeSH * Add to Search ... Extended amygdala connectivity changes during sustained shock anticipation Salvatore Torrisi 1 , Adam X Gorka 2 , Javier ... Extended amygdala connectivity changes during sustained shock anticipation Salvatore Torrisi et al. Transl Psychiatry. 2018. . ... BNST and amygdala connectivity are altered during threat anticipation in schizophrenia. Feola B, McHugo M, Armstrong K, Noall ...
A focus on threat anticipation in research on anxiety could delineate … ... and they link brain structure to psychophysiological response during pain anticipation and experience. ... Uncertainty and anticipation in anxiety: an integrated neurobiological and psychological perspective. Nat Rev Neurosci 2013;14: ... Threat-anticipation task. Timeline of a single trial in the task (top) and corresponding measures of interest used in the ...
4:52 %uh psychological stress from interacting with the alcoholic person. 4:56 disruption of family life due to job losses. 5: ... 7:24 clinicians anticipations drinking has interfered. 7:28 with their ability to facil major role obligations at home. 7:32 at ... 7:11 these include exposure to psychological reasons physical abuse as well as. 7:17 financial problems caused by the drinking ...
The psychological qualities of "night" also vary; Dunn presents "afters" in the form of coming home, getting undressed, ... Are these scenes of exhausted dénouement or anxious anticipation?. There is a more profound message behind this ambiguity; ...
Grupe, D.W.; Nitschke, J.B. Uncertainty and anticipation in anxiety: An integrated neurobiological and psychological ... Dimsdale, J.E. Psychological stress and cardiovascular disease. J. Am. Coll. Cardiol. 2008, 51, 1237-1246. [Google Scholar] [ ... Batty, G.D.; McIntosh, A.M.; Russ, T.C.; Deary, I.J.; Gale, C.R. Psychological distress, neuroticism, and cause-specific ... Krantz, D.S.; McCeney, M.K. Effects of psychological and social factors on organic disease: A critical assessment of research ...
The cue and reward become intertwined until a powerful sense of anticipation and craving emerges. To change an old habit, you ... Psychological Secrets to Hack Your Way to Better Life Habits. According to research, the two factors that effectively help ...
The positivist image in social psychological theory. In A. R. Buss (Ed.), The social context of psychological knowledge. New ... Others self-evaluations and interaction anticipation as determinants of self presentation. Journal of Personality and Social ... The limits of psychological critique, in H. Stam et al. (Eds.) Recent trends in theoretical psychology. V.III, New York: ... The language of psychological understanding. In H. J. Stam, T. B. Rogers & K. J. Gergen (Eds.), Metapsychology and the analysis ...
Pezzulo, G., Butz, M. V., Castelfranchi, C. & Falcone, R. (Eds.) (2008). The Challenge of Anticipation: A Unifying Framework ... From Psychological Theories to Artificial Cognitive Systems, LNAI 5499 (State-of-the-Art Survey). Springer-Verlag, Berlin ...
This is a sort of flowchart describing the psychological process of cognitive appraisal. This could be used during a lecture or ... This book includes a comprehensive instructors manual, PowerPoint presentations, a test bank, reading anticipation guides, and ... Cognitive Psychology is a psychological science which is interested in various mind and brain related subfields such as ... And we will look at how our emotions, psychological state, and social relationships change throughout childhood and adolescence ...
Its just that the type of violence, to me, is more shocking. Adds Hawley: We wanted to go more towards the psychological, ... more towards the thrill and the anticipation of violence. The acts of violence are ultimately the least interesting thing. They ...
Anticipation is a mature psychological defense mechanism that involves the realistic planning for future inner discomfort. It ... PSYCHOLOGICAL DEFENSE MECHANISMS - A Review. Psychological defense mechanisms are psychological strategies used by individuals ... George Vaillant has this to say about Anticipation:. As a coping mechanism, anticipation permits the user to become affectively ... In some ways, anticipation is synonymous with what psychiatrists call "insight.". An alternative method of coping with with a ...
Psychological Phenomena [F02] * Mental Processes [F02.463] * Anticipation, Psychological [F02.463.093] * Cognition [F02.463.188 ... Anticipation, Psychological Preferred Term Term UI T770242. Date04/25/2010. LexicalTag NON. ThesaurusID NLM (2011). ... Anticipation, Psychological Preferred Concept UI. M0545925. Scope Note. The ability to foresee what is likely to happen on the ... Anticipation, Psychological. Tree Number(s). F02.463.093. Unique ID. D059031. RDF Unique Identifier. ...
The effect is nearly instantaneous (within the same day) for psychological conditions, suggesting that anticipation over future ... particularly for psychological conditions such as anxiety, panic disorder, and major depression. ...
Psychological Distress from Screening Parents of children who screen positive for CF, the majority of whom do not have CF, ... The anticipation of psychosocial risks to parents whose infants have a false-positive CF screening result was based on previous ... The potential negative outcomes of screening include effects from false-positive results and the psychological and social ... Early versus late diagnosis: psychological impact on parents of children with cystic fibrosis. Pediatrics 2003;111:346--50. ...
This is indeed psychological atomism, which, however serviceable, is admitted to be "inadequate to the point of absurdity" (p. ... The pleasantly or painfully toned anticipation of a certain ex- perience happens to be followed by a series of complex sensa- ... Taylor reminds us elsewhere a pleasure or pain that is not felt is a psychological monstrosity (p. 114). Hence he must mean ... Taylor naturally relapses from time to time into psychological atomism. On the one hand, it is true, he recognizes Humes ...
Psychological Medicine, 43(1), 85-95. doi:10.1017/s0033291712000840. *Britton, J. C., Bar-Haim, Y., Clementi, M. A., Sankin, L ... Spielberg, J. M., Jarcho, J. M., Dahl, R. E., Pine, D. S., Ernst, M., & Nelson, E. E. (2015). Anticipation of peer evaluation ... Psychological Medicine, 40(7), 1089-1100. doi:10.1017/s0033291709991462. *Dickstein, D. P., Finger, E. C., Skup, M., Pine, D. S ... Psychological Medicine, 34(6), 1047-1057. doi:10.1017/s0033291703001697. *McClure, E. B., Monk, C. S., Nelson, E. E., Zarahn, E ...
... but more the psychological thriller that has one sitting on the edge of their seats in "pins and needles" anticipation. And, ...
Rapoports critical yet playful anticipation of the intertwining of personal data and computers in the 1980s is almost uncanny ... By comparing computer-generated biorhythms with psychological analysis, Rapoport shrewdly questioned the impulse that cultural ...
The incurrence of pre-award costs in anticipation of a competing or non-competing award imposes no obligation on NIH either to ... Research focused on oxidative stress or on environmental or physical stressors of a non-psychological nature is not appropriate ... How do various neural and psychological mechanisms involved in the transduction of stressors and elicitation of the stress ... How do age-related changes in the psychological and neural systems for emotional and cognitive function impact stress ...
Such anticipations generate symptoms specific to each culture. If hot flashes, for example, were indeed based solely on loss of ... The field of psychoneuroimmunology, a subdiscipline of psychosomatic medicine, studies the interactions between psychological ... generating unwelcome anticipations and expectancies that affect menopausal structures, as evidenced in the cross-cultural ... the physiological/psychological symptoms seem less or are just not there." ...
Only the anticipation subscale demonstrated statistically significant associations with reported motor vehicle crash incidence ... Purpose: Few studies have examined the psychological factors underlying the association between cell phone use and motor ... Results: We found the CPOS to be composed of four subscales: anticipation, activity interfering, emotional reaction, and ... Cell phones; Vehicle safety; Motor vehicles; Automobile safety; Psychological factors; Behavior; Risk factors; Author Keywords ...
Kuhnen and Knutson, however, were able to show that the brain reacts differently when it comes to the anticipation of gains and ... behavioral finance does not essentially differ from behavioral economics whose broader purpose is to incorporate psychological ... This part of the brain is responsible for fine-tuning decisions and the decoding and anticipation of information. Any ... The biases reflect systematic cognitive deficiencies in people with regard to memory, reasoning, risk anticipation, etc. But ...
For works with only one cut, the subtitle was attesa, the Italian word meaning expectation or anticipation. With this label, ... The eventual tension and psychological conflict that results from the constant march of progress is not ignored by Fontana, ... as well as mans perception of time as a psychological experience as much as a physical one. By 1960, Fontana restricted the ... serving as evidence of the unsettling anticipation he shares with the rest of humankind about the very same unknown space and ...
Psychological Phenomena [F02] * Mental Processes [F02.463] * Anticipation, Psychological [F02.463.093] * Cognition [F02.463.188 ... Anticipation, Psychological Preferred Term Term UI T770242. Date04/25/2010. LexicalTag NON. ThesaurusID NLM (2011). ... Anticipation, Psychological Preferred Concept UI. M0545925. Scope Note. The ability to foresee what is likely to happen on the ... Anticipation, Psychological. Tree Number(s). F02.463.093. Unique ID. D059031. RDF Unique Identifier. ...
Siegel, S. (2005). Drug tolerante, drug addiction and drug anticipation.Current Directions in Psychological Science, 14 (6),296 ...
In anticipation of these effects, plants are becoming more commonly placed in indoor environments such as homes and offices. ... Recent Researches on Psychological Effect of Green Amenity DOI JASI 6 Citations 23 References ... psychological effects, alleviation and healing of visual fatigue, and air purification. We are conducting experiments and ... we are also conducting experiments and researches on the psychological effects of horticultural therapy as an applied field of ...
  • Are these scenes of exhausted dénouement or anxious anticipation? (
  • 2009). Anticipatory Behavior in Adaptive Learning Systems: From Psychological Theories to Artificial Cognitive Systems, LNAI 5499 (State-of-the-Art Survey) . (
  • In this respect behavioral finance does not essentially differ from behavioral economics whose broader purpose is to incorporate psychological explanations of seemingly irrational behavior into economic models. (
  • These two friends are testing their own psychological limits. (
  • perturbations in this circuitry could generate excessive threat-anticipation response, a key characteristic of pathological anxiety. (
  • Using individual patient records for every hospital in California from 1983 to 2011, we find a strong inverse link between daily stock returns and hospital admissions, particularly for psychological conditions such as anxiety, panic disorder, and major depression. (
  • The nucleus accumbens is activated in the expectation of a reward, whatever its nature, whereas the insula responds to negative pro-prioceptive states, i.e. nausea, disgust, anxiety or even the anticipation of pain. (
  • The cue and reward become intertwined until a powerful sense of anticipation and craving emerges. (
  • Goal directed action and reward anticipation - Shannon Gourley, Ph.D. (
  • 2008). The Challenge of Anticipation: A Unifying Framework for the Analysis and Design of Artificial Cognitive Systems, LNAI 5225 (State-of-the-Art Survey) . (
  • The goal of this review is to discuss AUD using the three-stage framework of addiction-binge/intoxication, withdrawal/negative affect, and preoccupation/anticipation 4 -to highlight examples of sex differences in drinking and related behaviors and to describe some of the neurobiological systems underlying AUD. (
  • Results: We found the CPOS to be composed of four subscales: anticipation, activity interfering, emotional reaction, and problem recognition. (
  • As a result of these diverging views, today there is much confusion about whether menopause is a natural phase in a woman's life, a condition that needs medical assistance due to hormone deficiencies, or a physical change that affects psychological stability. (
  • The biases reflect systematic cognitive deficiencies in people with regard to memory, reasoning, risk anticipation, etc. (
  • Reliability of t ask‐evoked neural activation during f ace‐emotion paradigms: Effects of scanner and psychological processes. (
  • Defined as a disposition toward cleverness in crafting morally excellent responses to, or in anticipation of, challenging particularities, practical wisdom has four psychological components: knowledge, emotion, thinking, and motivation. (
  • The field of psychoneuroimmunology, a subdiscipline of psychosomatic medicine, studies the interactions between psychological processes and the nervous and immune systems of the body. (
  • that psychological debriefing might not be effective for preventing PTSD, and that Psychological First Aid (PFA) is recommended as a psychosocial counter measure immediately after a disaster. (
  • It's likely] that people who have clear goals and plans are looking toward the future with some expectation and anticipation of accomplishing something that is meaningful to them," Maddux said. (
  • Ben and Andrew want to go through with this for very real, meaningful, deep, psychological reasons that add credence to the story and sustain the humour. (
  • However, it is essential to make a psychological assessment for the precise definition of the diagnosis. (
  • Conclusions: Crash risk is strongly associated with heightened anticipation about incoming phone calls or messages. (
  • In anticipation of these effects, plants are becoming more commonly placed in indoor environments such as homes and offices. (
  • Green amenity includes the following four effects: thermal regulation and comfort improvement, psychological effects, alleviation and healing of visual fatigue, and air purification. (
  • In addition, due to the increasing attention on horticultural therapy, which is primarily used for elderly people, we are also conducting experiments and researches on the psychological effects of horticultural therapy as an applied field of green amenity. (
  • Psychological Effects. (
  • Clinical Psychological Science, 21677026211059524. (
  • Current Directions in Psychological Science, 14 (6),296-300. (
  • Rapoport's critical yet playful anticipation of the intertwining of personal data and computers in the 1980s is almost uncanny. (
  • Purpose: Few studies have examined the psychological factors underlying the association between cell phone use and motor vehicle crash. (
  • Alzheimer's marker change via psychological interventions - Eric Lenze, M.D. (
  • WUCWO, in anticipation of the Matic report, signed a joint statement saying: "As Catholic-inspired Organizations we stand united in our opposition to any proposal that would violate the sacred dignity of human life from conception until natural death. (
  • from getting attention with controversy to building anticipation. (
  • Specific phobias refer to an intense and persistent fear that the person feels in the presence or anticipation of a particular situation/object. (
  • By comparing computer-generated biorhythms with psychological analysis, Rapoport shrewdly questioned the impulse that cultural theorist Jeanne Randolph described with this turn of phrase: our primary assumption about technology is that it works. (
  • This gives people a reason to take care of their physical and psychological health, so that they can eventually enjoy the fruits of their labors. (
  • Abortion eliminates an innocent human life and has grave physiological and psychological consequences for women who procure it. (
  • Proceedings of the American Psychological Association, 1965, 215-216 (with I. Breger). (
  • All the characters are charming and honest as the simple story opens up a treasure chest of complex psychological issues about relationships as it hilariously comments on the nature of everyday life. (
  • Reappraisal skills facilitate reframing of adverse life events as a potential source of psychological growth. (