Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Age of Onset
Image Processing, Computer-Assisted
Galvanic Skin Response
Contingent Negative Variation
Analysis of Variance
Task Performance and Analysis
Depressive Disorder, Major
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
Colorectal Neoplasms, Hereditary Nonpolyposis
DNA Mismatch Repair
Data Interpretation, Statistical
Pattern Recognition, Visual
Genetic Predisposition to Disease
The cerebellum and pain: passive integrator or active participator? (1/188)(+info)
Favouritism in the motor system: social interaction modulates action simulation. (2/188)(+info)
Variance components in discrete force production tasks. (3/188)(+info)
Impact of food restriction and cocaine on locomotion in ghrelin- and ghrelin-receptor knockout mice. (4/188)(+info)
Daily timed sexual interaction induces moderate anticipatory activity in mice. (5/188)(+info)
Corticospinal excitability during preparation for an anticipatory action is modulated by the availability of visual information. (6/188)(+info)
Sensorimotor adaptation error signals are derived from realistic predictions of movement outcomes. (7/188)(+info)
The relationship between amygdala activation and passive exposure time to an aversive cue during a continuous performance task. (8/188)(+info)
The term "anticipation" refers to the fact that the age of onset of the disorder or disease is anticipated or expected to be earlier in each succeeding generation. For example, if a child is born with a genetic disorder and their parents were both affected at a later age, it is likely that their children will also be affected at an earlier age.
Genetic anticipation can be seen in many inherited disorders, such as Huntington's disease, myotonic dystrophy, and fragile X syndrome. In these disorders, the mutated gene leads to progressive degeneration of cells and tissues, which can result in a wide range of symptoms including cognitive decline, motor dysfunction, and premature death.
Understanding genetic anticipation is important for predicting the course of inherited disorders and developing effective treatments. It can also inform the development of genetic counseling and testing programs to help families understand their risk of inheriting these disorders.
There are several types of spinocerebellar degenerations, including:
1. Spinocerebellar ataxia (SCA): This is the most common type of spinocerebellar degeneration, and it is caused by a mutation in one of several genes that code for proteins involved in the function of the cerebellum and spinal cord.
2. Spinocerebellar neurodegeneration with axonal degeneration (SCN1A): This type of spinocerebellar degeneration is caused by a mutation in the SCN1A gene, which codes for a protein that regulates the flow of sodium ions in and out of nerve cells.
3. Spinocerebellar neurodegeneration with Purkinje cell loss (SCN2): This type of spinocerebellar degeneration is caused by a mutation in the SCN2 gene, which codes for a protein that plays a role in the regulation of the cytoskeleton in nerve cells.
4. Spinocerebellar neurodegeneration with optic atrophy (SCN3): This type of spinocerebellar degeneration is caused by a mutation in the SCN3 gene, which codes for a protein that plays a role in the regulation of the cytoskeleton in nerve cells.
The symptoms of spinocerebellar degenerations can vary depending on the specific type of disorder and the age at which they appear. In general, these disorders are characterized by:
1. Progressive loss of motor function: Patients with spinocerebellar degenerations may experience weakness, tremors, and difficulty with coordination and balance.
2. Cognitive decline: Spinocerebellar degenerations can also cause cognitive decline, including memory loss, confusion, and difficulty with language processing.
3. Seizures: Some patients with spinocerebellar degenerations may experience seizures.
4. Vision loss: Spinocerebellar degenerations can cause progressive vision loss, including blindness.
5. Sleep disturbances: Patients with spinocerebellar degenerations may experience sleep disturbances, including insomnia and restlessness.
6. Emotional changes: Spinocerebellar degenerations can also cause emotional changes, such as depression, anxiety, and mood swings.
The diagnosis of spinocerebellar degeneration is based on a combination of clinical examination, imaging studies, and genetic testing. Imaging studies, such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and positron emission tomography (PET), can help to identify the specific type of disorder and the extent of brain damage. Genetic testing can help to confirm the diagnosis by identifying a mutation in one of the genes associated with spinocerebellar degeneration.
There is currently no cure for spinocerebellar degenerations, but there are several treatments available that can help to manage the symptoms and slow the progression of the disease. These include:
1. Physical therapy: Physical therapy can help to improve motor function and balance.
2. Occupational therapy: Occupational therapy can help patients to adapt to their condition and maintain independence.
3. Speech therapy: Speech therapy can help to improve communication and swallowing difficulties.
4. Medications: Various medications, such as anticonvulsants, muscle relaxants, and pain relievers, can be used to manage seizures, muscle spasms, and pain.
5. Deep brain stimulation: Deep brain stimulation is a surgical procedure that involves implanting an electrode in the brain to deliver electrical impulses to specific areas of the brain. This can help to improve motor function and reduce symptoms.
6. Stem cell therapy: Stem cell therapy is a promising area of research for the treatment of spinocerebellar degenerations. Stem cells have the ability to differentiate into different types of cells, including neurons, and may help to replace damaged cells in the brain.
7. Gene therapy: Gene therapy involves using genes to treat or prevent diseases. This can involve replacing a faulty gene with a healthy one or silencing a faulty gene. Gene therapy is still in its infancy for spinocerebellar degenerations, but it is an area of active research.
8. Physical activity: Regular physical activity has been shown to improve motor function and overall health in patients with spinocerebellar degenerations.
9. Cognitive rehabilitation: Cognitive rehabilitation can help to improve cognitive function and independence in daily activities.
10. Supportive care: Supportive care, such as physical therapy, occupational therapy, and speech therapy, can help to improve quality of life and manage symptoms.
It's important to note that the most effective treatment plan for spinocerebellar degenerations will depend on the specific type of disease, the severity of symptoms, and the individual needs of each patient. It is best to work with a healthcare provider to develop a personalized treatment plan.
Gambling can also be considered a behavioral addiction, as some individuals may become so consumed by the activity that they neglect other aspects of their lives, experience financial problems, and exhibit other signs of addiction. In this context, gambling is often classified as an impulse control disorder or a substance use disorder.
In the medical field, gambling can have various effects on an individual's physical and mental health, such as:
1. Financial problems: Gambling can lead to significant financial losses, which can cause stress, anxiety, and depression.
2. Sleep disturbances: Engaging in gambling activities at night or experiencing the excitement of winning can disrupt sleep patterns and lead to insomnia or other sleep disorders.
3. Substance abuse: Gambling can sometimes be accompanied by substance abuse, as individuals may turn to drugs or alcohol to cope with their gambling problems or to enhance their gambling experience.
4. Mood disorders: Gambling can contribute to the development of mood disorders such as depression, anxiety, and bipolar disorder.
5. Suicidal ideation: In extreme cases, individuals struggling with gambling addiction may experience suicidal thoughts or attempts.
6. Social problems: Gambling can strain relationships with family and friends, leading to social isolation and loneliness.
7. Physical health problems: Chronic stress and anxiety associated with gambling can contribute to various physical health problems, such as hypertension, cardiovascular disease, and musculoskeletal problems.
8. Cognitive impairment: Compulsive gambling can affect cognitive functioning, including attention, memory, and decision-making abilities.
9. Family dynamics: Gambling can have a significant impact on family dynamics, leading to conflicts, divorce, and financial hardship.
10. Financial consequences: Gambling can lead to significant financial problems, including debt, bankruptcy, and even criminal activity.
It's important to note that not all individuals who experience these problems will develop a gambling disorder, and that other factors such as genetics, family history, and environmental factors can contribute to the development of gambling addiction.
There are two main types of myotonic dystrophy:
1. Type 1 (also known as DM1): This is the most common form of the disorder and affects about 90% of all cases. It is caused by a mutation in the DMPK gene on chromosome 19.
2. Type 2 (also known as DM2): This form of the disorder is less common and affects about 10% of all cases. It is caused by a mutation in the CNBP gene on chromosome 3.
Symptoms of myotonic dystrophy typically appear in adults between the ages of 20 and 40, but can sometimes be present at birth. They may include:
* Muscle stiffness and rigidity
* Weakness of the face, neck, and limbs
* Difficulty swallowing (dysphagia)
* Difficulty speaking or slurred speech (dysarthria)
* Eye problems, such as cataracts or muscle imbalance in the eyelids
* Cramps and muscle spasms
* Fatigue and weakness
* Slowed muscle relaxation after contraction (myotonia)
Myotonic dystrophy is diagnosed through a combination of physical examination, medical history, and genetic testing. There is currently no cure for the disorder, but various treatments can help manage symptoms and slow its progression. These may include:
* Physical therapy to improve muscle strength and function
* Medications to relax muscles and reduce spasms
* Speech therapy to improve communication and swallowing difficulties
* Occupational therapy to assist with daily activities and independence
* Orthotics and assistive devices to help with mobility and other challenges
It is important for individuals with myotonic dystrophy to work closely with their healthcare providers to manage their symptoms and maintain a good quality of life. With appropriate treatment and support, many people with the disorder are able to lead active and fulfilling lives.
Amyloidosis can affect many different parts of the body, including the nervous system, the heart, the kidneys, the liver, and other organs. In the nervous system, amyloid accumulation can lead to various neurodegenerative disorders, such as Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, prion diseases, and others.
Amyloid deposits in the nervous system can cause a range of symptoms including cognitive decline, memory loss, confusion, language impairment, and difficulty with coordination and movement. In addition, amyloid accumulation can lead to inflammation, oxidative stress, and excitotoxicity, which can further exacerbate neurodegeneration.
There are several types of amyloidosis that can affect the nervous system, including:
1. Alzheimer's disease: This is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder that is characterized by the accumulation of beta-amyloid peptides in the brain, leading to cognitive decline and memory loss.
2. Parkinson's disease: This is a neurodegenerative disorder that affects movement, balance, and coordination. It is characterized by the accumulation of alpha-synuclein protein in the brain.
3. Prion diseases: These are a group of rare, progressive neurodegenerative disorders that are caused by misfolded prion proteins. They can affect both the central and peripheral nervous systems.
4. Other forms of amyloidosis: There are several other forms of amyloidosis that can affect the nervous system, including primary lateral sclerosis, progressive supranuclear palsy, and corticobasal degeneration.
Amyloidosis can be diagnosed through a combination of clinical evaluation, imaging studies, and biopsy. Treatment options for amyloidosis vary depending on the underlying cause and severity of the disease. Some common treatments include:
1. Medications: There are several medications that can be used to treat amyloidosis, including cholinesterase inhibitors, dopamine agonists, and memantine.
2. Physical therapy: Physical therapy can help improve mobility, balance, and coordination in people with amyloidosis.
3. Speech therapy: Speech therapy can help improve communication and swallowing difficulties in people with amyloidosis.
4. Occupational therapy: Occupational therapy can help people with amyloidosis adapt to changes in their daily living activities and maintain their independence.
5. Surgery: In some cases, surgery may be necessary to relieve pressure on the brain or spinal cord caused by amyloid accumulation.
Currently, there is no cure for amyloidosis, but early diagnosis and treatment can help manage symptoms and improve quality of life. Research into new treatments and therapies is ongoing, including clinical trials exploring the use of stem cells, gene therapy, and immunotherapy to treat amyloidosis.
Anhedonia can manifest in different ways, depending on the individual and their specific condition. Some common examples include:
* Loss of interest in activities that were once enjoyed, such as hobbies or socializing
* Difficulty experiencing pleasure from activities that are normally enjoyable, such as eating or sexual activity
* Feeling emotionally flat or numb, even in response to positive events or experiences
* Difficulty finding joy or happiness in life, even in response to positive events or experiences.
Anhedonia can be caused by a wide range of factors, including:
* Depression and other mood disorders
* Schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders
* Neurological disorders such as Parkinson's disease, Huntington's disease, and multiple sclerosis
* Chronic pain and other conditions that can affect the brain's reward system
* Substance abuse and addiction
* Sleep disorders
* Nutritional deficiencies, such as a lack of vitamin B12 or iron.
There are several ways to diagnose anhedonia, including:
* Clinical interview: A healthcare professional will ask questions about the patient's symptoms and medical history to determine if they are experiencing anhedonia.
* Physical examination: The healthcare professional may also perform a physical examination to rule out any underlying medical conditions that could be causing the anhedonia.
* Psychological assessments: The healthcare professional may use standardized tests to assess the patient's mood and emotional state, such as the Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression or the Beck Depression Inventory.
There are several treatment options for anhedonia, depending on the underlying cause. These may include:
* Medications: Antidepressants, antipsychotics, and mood stabilizers can be effective in treating anhedonia caused by depression and other mental health conditions.
* Psychotherapy: Talk therapy, such as cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), can help patients identify and change negative thought patterns and behaviors that contribute to anhedonia.
* Lifestyle changes: Making healthy lifestyle changes, such as regular exercise, getting enough sleep, and eating a balanced diet, can help improve mood and reduce anhedonia.
It is important to seek medical attention if you or someone you know is experiencing symptoms of anhedonia, as early diagnosis and treatment can improve the chances of successful treatment.
There are several different types of pain, including:
1. Acute pain: This type of pain is sudden and severe, and it usually lasts for a short period of time. It can be caused by injuries, surgery, or other forms of tissue damage.
2. Chronic pain: This type of pain persists over a long period of time, often lasting more than 3 months. It can be caused by conditions such as arthritis, fibromyalgia, or nerve damage.
3. Neuropathic pain: This type of pain results from damage to the nervous system, and it can be characterized by burning, shooting, or stabbing sensations.
4. Visceral pain: This type of pain originates in the internal organs, and it can be difficult to localize.
5. Psychogenic pain: This type of pain is caused by psychological factors such as stress, anxiety, or depression.
The medical field uses a range of methods to assess and manage pain, including:
1. Pain rating scales: These are numerical scales that patients use to rate the intensity of their pain.
2. Pain diaries: These are records that patients keep to track their pain over time.
3. Clinical interviews: Healthcare providers use these to gather information about the patient's pain experience and other relevant symptoms.
4. Physical examination: This can help healthcare providers identify any underlying causes of pain, such as injuries or inflammation.
5. Imaging studies: These can be used to visualize the body and identify any structural abnormalities that may be contributing to the patient's pain.
6. Medications: There are a wide range of medications available to treat pain, including analgesics, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), and muscle relaxants.
7. Alternative therapies: These can include acupuncture, massage, and physical therapy.
8. Interventional procedures: These are minimally invasive procedures that can be used to treat pain, such as nerve blocks and spinal cord stimulation.
It is important for healthcare providers to approach pain management with a multi-modal approach, using a combination of these methods to address the physical, emotional, and social aspects of pain. By doing so, they can help improve the patient's quality of life and reduce their suffering.
There are multiple types of SCA, each caused by an expansion of a specific DNA repeat sequence in the genome. This expansion leads to a loss of function in the protein produced by that gene, which is involved in various cellular processes that are essential for the proper functioning of the nervous system.
The symptoms of SCA typically begin in adulthood and can vary in severity and progression depending on the specific type of disorder. They may include:
1. Coordination problems and balance difficulties, leading to a wide, unsteady gait.
2. Slurred speech and difficulty with swallowing.
3. Difficulty with fine motor movements, such as writing or using utensils.
4. Loss of vision, including blindness in some cases.
5. Cognitive decline and dementia.
6. Seizures and other neurological problems.
There is currently no cure for SCA, and treatment is focused on managing symptoms and improving quality of life. This may include physical therapy, occupational therapy, speech therapy, and medication to control seizures or other neurological problems. In some cases, surgery may be necessary to relieve pressure on the brain or spinal cord.
Genetic testing can help diagnose SCA by detecting the expansion of the specific DNA repeat sequence that causes the disorder. This information can also be used to inform family members about their risk of inheriting the condition.
In summary, spinocerebellar ataxias are a group of inherited disorders that affect the brain and spinal cord, leading to progressive degeneration of the nervous system and a range of symptoms including coordination problems, slurred speech, and loss of vision. While there is currently no cure for SCA, treatment can help manage symptoms and improve quality of life. Genetic testing can help diagnose the condition and inform family members about their risk of inheriting it.
The exact cause of MDD is not known, but it is believed to involve a combination of genetic, environmental, and psychological factors. Some risk factors for developing MDD include:
* Family history of depression or other mental health conditions
* History of trauma or stressful life events
* Chronic illness or chronic pain
* Substance abuse or addiction
* Personality traits such as low self-esteem or perfectionism
Symptoms of MDD can vary from person to person, but typically include:
* Persistent feelings of sadness, emptiness, or hopelessness
* Loss of interest in activities that were once enjoyed
* Changes in appetite or sleep patterns
* Fatigue or loss of energy
* Difficulty concentrating or making decisions
* Thoughts of death or suicide
MDD can be diagnosed by a mental health professional, such as a psychiatrist or psychologist, based on the symptoms and their duration. Treatment typically involves a combination of medication and therapy, and may include:
* Antidepressant medications to relieve symptoms of depression
* Psychotherapy, such as cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), to help identify and change negative thought patterns and behaviors
* Interpersonal therapy (IPT) to improve communication skills and relationships with others
* Other forms of therapy, such as mindfulness-based therapies or relaxation techniques
It is important to seek professional help if symptoms of depression are severe or persistent, as MDD can have a significant impact on daily life and can increase the risk of suicide. With appropriate treatment, however, many people with MDD are able to manage their symptoms and improve their quality of life.
HNPCC is caused by mutations in genes involved in DNA repair, specifically in the MLH1, MSH2, MSH6, PMS2, and EPCAM genes. These genes help to repair mistakes that occur during DNA replication and repair. When these genes are mutated, the cells in the colon do not function properly and can develop into cancer.
The symptoms of HNPCC can vary depending on the location and size of the polyps, but may include:
* Blood in the stool
* Changes in bowel movements, such as diarrhea or constipation
* Abdominal pain or discomfort
* Weakness and fatigue
HNPCC is diagnosed through a combination of clinical criteria, family history, and genetic testing. Genetic testing can identify specific mutations in the genes associated with HNPCC.
Treatment for HNPCC typically involves surveillance and monitoring to detect and remove polyps before they become cancerous. This may include regular colonoscopies, endoscopies, and imaging tests such as CT scans or MRI. In some cases, surgery may be necessary to remove the affected portion of the colon or rectum.
The prognosis for HNPCC is generally poor, with a high risk of developing colorectal cancer and other cancers. However, early detection and removal of polyps can improve outcomes. It is important for individuals with HNPCC to follow their treatment plans closely and to be monitored regularly by a healthcare provider.
In summary, hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal neoplasia (HNPCC) is a rare inherited condition that increases the risk of developing colorectal cancer and other types of cancer. It is caused by mutations in genes involved in DNA repair and surveillance, and can be diagnosed through clinical criteria, family history, and genetic testing. Treatment typically involves surveillance and monitoring, with surgery may be necessary in some cases. The prognosis for HNPCC is generally poor, but early detection and removal of polyps can improve outcomes.
The term "schizophrenia" was first used by the Swiss psychiatrist Eugen Bleuler in 1908 to describe the splitting of mental functions, which he believed was a key feature of the disorder. The word is derived from the Greek words "schizein," meaning "to split," and "phrenos," meaning "mind."
There are several subtypes of schizophrenia, including:
1. Paranoid Schizophrenia: Characterized by delusions of persecution and suspicion, and a tendency to be hostile and defensive.
2. Hallucinatory Schizophrenia: Characterized by hearing voices or seeing things that are not there.
3. Disorganized Schizophrenia: Characterized by disorganized thinking and behavior, and a lack of motivation or interest in activities.
4. Catatonic Schizophrenia: Characterized by immobility, mutism, and other unusual movements or postures.
5. Undifferentiated Schizophrenia: Characterized by a combination of symptoms from the above subtypes.
The exact cause of schizophrenia is still not fully understood, but it is believed to involve a combination of genetic, environmental, and neurochemical factors. It is important to note that schizophrenia is not caused by poor parenting or a person's upbringing.
There are several risk factors for developing schizophrenia, including:
1. Genetics: A person with a family history of schizophrenia is more likely to develop the disorder.
2. Brain chemistry: Imbalances in neurotransmitters such as dopamine and serotonin have been linked to schizophrenia.
3. Prenatal factors: Factors such as maternal malnutrition or exposure to certain viruses during pregnancy may increase the risk of schizophrenia in offspring.
4. Childhood trauma: Traumatic events during childhood, such as abuse or neglect, have been linked to an increased risk of developing schizophrenia.
5. Substance use: Substance use has been linked to an increased risk of developing schizophrenia, particularly cannabis and other psychotic substances.
There is no cure for schizophrenia, but treatment can help manage symptoms and improve quality of life. Treatment options include:
1. Medications: Antipsychotic medications are the primary treatment for schizophrenia. They can help reduce positive symptoms such as hallucinations and delusions, and negative symptoms such as a lack of motivation or interest in activities.
2. Therapy: Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) and other forms of talk therapy can help individuals with schizophrenia manage their symptoms and improve their quality of life.
3. Social support: Support from family, friends, and support groups can be an important part of the treatment plan for individuals with schizophrenia.
4. Self-care: Engaging in activities that bring pleasure and fulfillment, such as hobbies or exercise, can help individuals with schizophrenia improve their overall well-being.
It is important to note that schizophrenia is a complex condition, and treatment should be tailored to the individual's specific needs and circumstances. With appropriate treatment and support, many people with schizophrenia are able to lead fulfilling lives and achieve their goals.
Explanation: Genetic predisposition to disease is influenced by multiple factors, including the presence of inherited genetic mutations or variations, environmental factors, and lifestyle choices. The likelihood of developing a particular disease can be increased by inherited genetic mutations that affect the functioning of specific genes or biological pathways. For example, inherited mutations in the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes increase the risk of developing breast and ovarian cancer.
The expression of genetic predisposition to disease can vary widely, and not all individuals with a genetic predisposition will develop the disease. Additionally, many factors can influence the likelihood of developing a particular disease, such as environmental exposures, lifestyle choices, and other health conditions.
Inheritance patterns: Genetic predisposition to disease can be inherited in an autosomal dominant, autosomal recessive, or multifactorial pattern, depending on the specific disease and the genetic mutations involved. Autosomal dominant inheritance means that a single copy of the mutated gene is enough to cause the disease, while autosomal recessive inheritance requires two copies of the mutated gene. Multifactorial inheritance involves multiple genes and environmental factors contributing to the development of the disease.
Examples of diseases with a known genetic predisposition:
1. Huntington's disease: An autosomal dominant disorder caused by an expansion of a CAG repeat in the Huntingtin gene, leading to progressive neurodegeneration and cognitive decline.
2. Cystic fibrosis: An autosomal recessive disorder caused by mutations in the CFTR gene, leading to respiratory and digestive problems.
3. BRCA1/2-related breast and ovarian cancer: An inherited increased risk of developing breast and ovarian cancer due to mutations in the BRCA1 or BRCA2 genes.
4. Sickle cell anemia: An autosomal recessive disorder caused by a point mutation in the HBB gene, leading to defective hemoglobin production and red blood cell sickling.
5. Type 1 diabetes: An autoimmune disease caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors, including multiple genes in the HLA complex.
Understanding the genetic basis of disease can help with early detection, prevention, and treatment. For example, genetic testing can identify individuals who are at risk for certain diseases, allowing for earlier intervention and preventive measures. Additionally, understanding the genetic basis of a disease can inform the development of targeted therapies and personalized medicine."
Discrimination against drug addicts
Narrative of the abduction phenomenon
A Winter Pilgrimage
Horror and terror
Personal construct theory
Psychological impact of climate change
The Seven Basic Plots
Psychological impact of discrimination on health
Agenor Moreira Sampaio
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2008 Armenian presidential election protests
The Majestic (apartment building)
Nine in a row
Law enforcement response to the January 6 United States Capitol attack
James Braid (surgeon)
Delirium (2013 film)
Relationship between Friedrich Nietzsche and Max Stirner
The Beauty Stone
List of Ig Nobel Prize winners
The Beach Boys
Interactive Narratives and Transmedia Storytelling: Creating Immersive
Extended amygdala connectivity changes during sustained shock anticipation - PubMed
Threat-anticipatory psychophysiological response is enhanced in youth with anxiety disorders and correlates with prefrontal...
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- Are these scenes of exhausted dénouement or anxious anticipation? (ppowgallery.com)
- 2009). Anticipatory Behavior in Adaptive Learning Systems: From Psychological Theories to Artificial Cognitive Systems, LNAI 5499 (State-of-the-Art Survey) . (uni-tuebingen.de)
- In this respect behavioral finance does not essentially differ from behavioral economics whose broader purpose is to incorporate psychological explanations of seemingly irrational behavior into economic models. (paristechreview.com)
- These two friends are testing their own psychological limits. (rickchung.com)
- perturbations in this circuitry could generate excessive threat-anticipation response, a key characteristic of pathological anxiety. (nih.gov)
- Using individual patient records for every hospital in California from 1983 to 2011, we find a strong inverse link between daily stock returns and hospital admissions, particularly for psychological conditions such as anxiety, panic disorder, and major depression. (afajof.org)
- The nucleus accumbens is activated in the expectation of a reward, whatever its nature, whereas the insula responds to negative pro-prioceptive states, i.e. nausea, disgust, anxiety or even the anticipation of pain. (paristechreview.com)
- 2008). The Challenge of Anticipation: A Unifying Framework for the Analysis and Design of Artificial Cognitive Systems, LNAI 5225 (State-of-the-Art Survey) . (uni-tuebingen.de)
- The goal of this review is to discuss AUD using the three-stage framework of addiction-binge/intoxication, withdrawal/negative affect, and preoccupation/anticipation 4 -to highlight examples of sex differences in drinking and related behaviors and to describe some of the neurobiological systems underlying AUD. (nih.gov)
- Results: We found the CPOS to be composed of four subscales: anticipation, activity interfering, emotional reaction, and problem recognition. (cdc.gov)
- As a result of these diverging views, today there is much confusion about whether menopause is a natural phase in a woman's life, a condition that needs medical assistance due to hormone deficiencies, or a physical change that affects psychological stability. (totalhealthmagazine.com)
- The biases reflect systematic cognitive deficiencies in people with regard to memory, reasoning, risk anticipation, etc. (paristechreview.com)
- Reliability of t ask‐evoked neural activation during f ace‐emotion paradigms: Effects of scanner and psychological processes. (nih.gov)
- Defined as a disposition toward cleverness in crafting morally excellent responses to, or in anticipation of, challenging particularities, practical wisdom has four psychological components: knowledge, emotion, thinking, and motivation. (philpapers.org)
- The field of psychoneuroimmunology, a subdiscipline of psychosomatic medicine, studies the interactions between psychological processes and the nervous and immune systems of the body. (totalhealthmagazine.com)
- that psychological debriefing might not be effective for preventing PTSD, and that Psychological First Aid (PFA) is recommended as a psychosocial counter measure immediately after a disaster. (who.int)
- It's likely] that people who have clear goals and plans are looking toward the future with some expectation and anticipation of accomplishing something that is meaningful to them," Maddux said. (chkd.org)
- Ben and Andrew want to go through with this for very real, meaningful, deep, psychological reasons that add credence to the story and sustain the humour. (rickchung.com)
- However, it is essential to make a psychological assessment for the precise definition of the diagnosis. (vexnews.com)
- Conclusions: Crash risk is strongly associated with heightened anticipation about incoming phone calls or messages. (cdc.gov)
- In anticipation of these effects, plants are becoming more commonly placed in indoor environments such as homes and offices. (nii.ac.jp)
- Green amenity includes the following four effects: thermal regulation and comfort improvement, psychological effects, alleviation and healing of visual fatigue, and air purification. (nii.ac.jp)
- In addition, due to the increasing attention on horticultural therapy, which is primarily used for elderly people, we are also conducting experiments and researches on the psychological effects of horticultural therapy as an applied field of green amenity. (nii.ac.jp)
- Psychological Effects. (nih.gov)
- Rapoport's critical yet playful anticipation of the intertwining of personal data and computers in the 1980s is almost uncanny. (e-flux.com)
- Purpose: Few studies have examined the psychological factors underlying the association between cell phone use and motor vehicle crash. (cdc.gov)
- Alzheimer's marker change via psychological interventions - Eric Lenze, M.D. (nih.gov)
- WUCWO, in anticipation of the Matic report, signed a joint statement saying: "As Catholic-inspired Organizations we stand united in our opposition to any proposal that would violate the sacred dignity of human life from conception until natural death. (wucwo.org)
- from getting attention with controversy to building anticipation. (unbounce.com)
- Specific phobias refer to an intense and persistent fear that the person feels in the presence or anticipation of a particular situation/object. (vexnews.com)
- By comparing computer-generated biorhythms with psychological analysis, Rapoport shrewdly questioned the impulse that cultural theorist Jeanne Randolph described with this turn of phrase: our primary assumption about technology is that it works. (e-flux.com)
- This gives people a reason to take care of their physical and psychological health, so that they can eventually enjoy the fruits of their labors. (chkd.org)
- Abortion eliminates an innocent human life and has grave physiological and psychological consequences for women who procure it. (wucwo.org)
- Proceedings of the American Psychological Association, 1965, 215-216 (with I. Breger). (swarthmore.edu)
- All the characters are charming and honest as the simple story opens up a treasure chest of complex psychological issues about relationships as it hilariously comments on the nature of everyday life. (rickchung.com)
- Reappraisal skills facilitate reframing of adverse life events as a potential source of psychological growth. (nih.gov)