Pimpinella: A plant genus in the family APIACEAE (Umbelliferae) that is used in SPICES and is a source of anethole.Pesticide Synergists: Chemicals that, while not possessing inherent pesticidal activity, nonetheless promote or enhance the effectiveness of other pesticides when combined.Urinary Tract Infections: Inflammatory responses of the epithelium of the URINARY TRACT to microbial invasions. They are often bacterial infections with associated BACTERIURIA and PYURIA.Naturopathy: A drugless system of therapy, making use of physical forces such as air, light, water, heat, massage. Treatments are often diet- and nutrition-oriented with attention given to the patient's personal history and lifestyle. (From Cassileth, Alternative Medicine Handbook, 1998, p329)Piperonyl Butoxide: An insecticide synergist, especially for pyrethroids and ROTENONE.Scalp DermatosesUrinary Tract: The duct which coveys URINE from the pelvis of the KIDNEY through the URETERS, BLADDER, and URETHRA.Malathion: A wide spectrum aliphatic organophosphate insecticide widely used for both domestic and commercial agricultural purposes.Computer-Assisted Instruction: A self-learning technique, usually online, involving interaction of the student with programmed instructional materials.Teaching: The educational process of instructing.Vesico-Ureteral Reflux: Retrograde flow of urine from the URINARY BLADDER into the URETER. This is often due to incompetence of the vesicoureteral valve leading to ascending bacterial infection into the KIDNEY.Urinary Tract Infections: Inflammatory responses of the epithelium of the URINARY TRACT to microbial invasions. They are often bacterial infections with associated BACTERIURIA and PYURIA.Urography: Radiography of any part of the urinary tract.Technetium Tc 99m Dimercaptosuccinic Acid: A nontoxic radiopharmaceutical that is used in the diagnostic imaging of the renal cortex.Pyelonephritis: Inflammation of the KIDNEY involving the renal parenchyma (the NEPHRONS); KIDNEY PELVIS; and KIDNEY CALICES. It is characterized by ABDOMINAL PAIN; FEVER; NAUSEA; VOMITING; and occasionally DIARRHEA.Ureteroscopy: Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the ureter.Gastroesophageal Reflux: Retrograde flow of gastric juice (GASTRIC ACID) and/or duodenal contents (BILE ACIDS; PANCREATIC JUICE) into the distal ESOPHAGUS, commonly due to incompetence of the LOWER ESOPHAGEAL SPHINCTER.Hydronephrosis: Abnormal enlargement or swelling of a KIDNEY due to dilation of the KIDNEY CALICES and the KIDNEY PELVIS. It is often associated with obstruction of the URETER or chronic kidney diseases that prevents normal drainage of urine into the URINARY BLADDER.Urinary Tract: The duct which coveys URINE from the pelvis of the KIDNEY through the URETERS, BLADDER, and URETHRA.Ureter: One of a pair of thick-walled tubes that transports urine from the KIDNEY PELVIS to the URINARY BLADDER.Meningitis, Viral: Viral infections of the leptomeninges and subarachnoid space. TOGAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; FLAVIVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; RUBELLA; BUNYAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ORBIVIRUS infections; PICORNAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ORTHOMYXOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; RHABDOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ARENAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; HERPESVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ADENOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; JC VIRUS infections; and RETROVIRIDAE INFECTIONS may cause this form of meningitis. Clinical manifestations include fever, headache, neck pain, vomiting, PHOTOPHOBIA, and signs of meningeal irritation. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1996, Ch26, pp1-3)Chills: The sudden sensation of being cold. It may be accompanied by SHIVERING.Restless Legs Syndrome: A disorder characterized by aching or burning sensations in the lower and rarely the upper extremities that occur prior to sleep or may awaken the patient from sleep.Atovaquone: A hydroxynaphthoquinone that has antimicrobial activity and is being used in antimalarial protocols.Proguanil: A biguanide compound which metabolizes in the body to form cycloguanil, an anti-malaria agent.Sweat: The fluid excreted by the SWEAT GLANDS. It consists of water containing sodium chloride, phosphate, urea, ammonia, and other waste products.Meningitis: Inflammation of the coverings of the brain and/or spinal cord, which consist of the PIA MATER; ARACHNOID; and DURA MATER. Infections (viral, bacterial, and fungal) are the most common causes of this condition, but subarachnoid hemorrhage (HEMORRHAGES, SUBARACHNOID), chemical irritation (chemical MENINGITIS), granulomatous conditions, neoplastic conditions (CARCINOMATOUS MENINGITIS), and other inflammatory conditions may produce this syndrome. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1994, Ch24, p6)Meningitis, Bacterial: Bacterial infections of the leptomeninges and subarachnoid space, frequently involving the cerebral cortex, cranial nerves, cerebral blood vessels, spinal cord, and nerve roots.Dementia: An acquired organic mental disorder with loss of intellectual abilities of sufficient severity to interfere with social or occupational functioning. The dysfunction is multifaceted and involves memory, behavior, personality, judgment, attention, spatial relations, language, abstract thought, and other executive functions. The intellectual decline is usually progressive, and initially spares the level of consciousness.Echovirus Infections: Infectious disease processes, including meningitis, diarrhea, and respiratory disorders, caused by echoviruses.Lyme Disease: An infectious disease caused by a spirochete, BORRELIA BURGDORFERI, which is transmitted chiefly by Ixodes dammini (see IXODES) and pacificus ticks in the United States and Ixodes ricinis (see IXODES) in Europe. It is a disease with early and late cutaneous manifestations plus involvement of the nervous system, heart, eye, and joints in variable combinations. The disease was formerly known as Lyme arthritis and first discovered at Old Lyme, Connecticut.Patient Acceptance of Health Care: The seeking and acceptance by patients of health service.Ticks: Blood-sucking acarid parasites of the order Ixodida comprising two families: the softbacked ticks (ARGASIDAE) and hardbacked ticks (IXODIDAE). Ticks are larger than their relatives, the MITES. They penetrate the skin of their host by means of highly specialized, hooked mouth parts and feed on its blood. Ticks attack all groups of terrestrial vertebrates. In humans they are responsible for many TICK-BORNE DISEASES, including the transmission of ROCKY MOUNTAIN SPOTTED FEVER; TULAREMIA; BABESIOSIS; AFRICAN SWINE FEVER; and RELAPSING FEVER. (From Barnes, Invertebrate Zoology, 5th ed, pp543-44)Dental Impression Materials: Substances used to create an impression, or negative reproduction, of the teeth and dental arches. These materials include dental plasters and cements, metallic oxide pastes, silicone base materials, or elastomeric materials.Lyme Neuroborreliosis: Nervous system infections caused by tick-borne spirochetes of the BORRELIA BURGDORFERI GROUP. The disease may affect elements of the central or peripheral nervous system in isolation or in combination. Common clinical manifestations include a lymphocytic meningitis, cranial neuropathy (most often a facial neuropathy), POLYRADICULOPATHY, and a mild loss of memory and other cognitive functions. Less often more extensive inflammation involving the central nervous system (encephalomyelitis) may occur. In the peripheral nervous system, B. burgdorferi infection is associated with mononeuritis multiplex and polyradiculoneuritis. (From J Neurol Sci 1998 Jan 8;153(2):182-91)Telecommunications: Transmission of information over distances via electronic means.Dental Impression Technique: Procedure of producing an imprint or negative likeness of the teeth and/or edentulous areas. Impressions are made in plastic material which becomes hardened or set while in contact with the tissue. They are later filled with plaster of Paris or artificial stone to produce a facsimile of the oral structures present. Impressions may be made of a full complement of teeth, of areas where some teeth have been removed, or in a mouth from which all teeth have been extracted. (Illustrated Dictionary of Dentistry, 1982)Tick Infestations: Infestations with soft-bodied (Argasidae) or hard-bodied (Ixodidae) ticks.Borrelia burgdorferi: A specific species of bacteria, part of the BORRELIA BURGDORFERI GROUP, whose common name is Lyme disease spirochete.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Diagnostic Tests, Routine: Diagnostic procedures, such as laboratory tests and x-rays, routinely performed on all individuals or specified categories of individuals in a specified situation, e.g., patients being admitted to the hospital. These include routine tests administered to neonates.Influenza, Human: An acute viral infection in humans involving the respiratory tract. It is marked by inflammation of the NASAL MUCOSA; the PHARYNX; and conjunctiva, and by headache and severe, often generalized, myalgia.Influenza A virus: The type species of the genus INFLUENZAVIRUS A that causes influenza and other diseases in humans and animals. Antigenic variation occurs frequently between strains, allowing classification into subtypes and variants. Transmission is usually by aerosol (human and most non-aquatic hosts) or waterborne (ducks). Infected birds shed the virus in their saliva, nasal secretions, and feces.Reagent Kits, Diagnostic: Commercially prepared reagent sets, with accessory devices, containing all of the major components and literature necessary to perform one or more designated diagnostic tests or procedures. They may be for laboratory or personal use.Microscopy: The use of instrumentation and techniques for visualizing material and details that cannot be seen by the unaided eye. It is usually done by enlarging images, transmitted by light or electron beams, with optical or magnetic lenses that magnify the entire image field. With scanning microscopy, images are generated by collecting output from the specimen in a point-by-point fashion, on a magnified scale, as it is scanned by a narrow beam of light or electrons, a laser, a conductive probe, or a topographical probe.Parasitology: The study of parasites and PARASITIC DISEASES.Sensitivity and Specificity: Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Breath Tests: Any tests done on exhaled air.Malaria: A protozoan disease caused in humans by four species of the PLASMODIUM genus: PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM; PLASMODIUM VIVAX; PLASMODIUM OVALE; and PLASMODIUM MALARIAE; and transmitted by the bite of an infected female mosquito of the genus ANOPHELES. Malaria is endemic in parts of Asia, Africa, Central and South America, Oceania, and certain Caribbean islands. It is characterized by extreme exhaustion associated with paroxysms of high FEVER; SWEATING; shaking CHILLS; and ANEMIA. Malaria in ANIMALS is caused by other species of plasmodia.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Doxycycline: A synthetic tetracycline derivative with similar antimicrobial activity.Birds: Warm-blooded VERTEBRATES possessing FEATHERS and belonging to the class Aves.Physician Incentive Plans: Compensatory plans designed to motivate physicians in relation to patient referral, physician recruitment, and efficient use of the health facility.Pasteurellosis, Pneumonic: Bovine respiratory disease found in animals that have been shipped or exposed to CATTLE recently transported. The major agent responsible for the disease is MANNHEIMIA HAEMOLYTICA and less commonly, PASTEURELLA MULTOCIDA or HAEMOPHILUS SOMNUS. All three agents are normal inhabitants of the bovine nasal pharyngeal mucosa but not the LUNG. They are considered opportunistic pathogens following STRESS, PHYSIOLOGICAL and/or a viral infection. The resulting bacterial fibrinous BRONCHOPNEUMONIA is often fatal.Ships: Large vessels propelled by power or sail used for transportation on rivers, seas, oceans, or other navigable waters. Boats are smaller vessels propelled by oars, paddles, sail, or power; they may or may not have a deck.Transportation: The means of moving persons, animals, goods, or materials from one place to another.Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid: Liquid chromatographic techniques which feature high inlet pressures, high sensitivity, and high speed.Anti-Bacterial Agents: Substances that reduce the growth or reproduction of BACTERIA.Medicare Assignment: Concept referring to the standardized fees for services rendered by health care providers, e.g., laboratories and physicians, and reimbursement for those services under Medicare Part B. It includes acceptance by the physician.Naval Medicine: The practice of medicine concerned with conditions affecting the health of individuals associated with the marine environment.

Antibody coated bacteria in urine of patients with recent spinal injury. (1/13)

Twenty patients with an acute spinal injury were prospectively studied to assess the clinical importance of antibody coated bacteria (ACB) in the urine and the association among the different bacterial species with a positive antibody coated bacteria test. Clinical urinary tract infection was associated with a positive ACB test on 45% of occasions. Three hundred and ninety nine urine samples containing 541 bacterial isolates were assessed for the presence of ACB; 13% were found to be positive and 87% negative for ACB; 67% of urines contained a single bacterial isolate. Pseudomonas aeruginosa was most commonly associated with clinical urinary tract infection, found in 25% of episodes, followed by Proteus mirabilis (17.5%), Klebsiella sp (12.5%), and Proteus morganii (10%). Providencia stuartii, however, was most commonly associated with a positive ACB test (found in 17%). Other bacteria associated with a positive ACB test included Klebsiella sp (14%), Acinetobacter sp (12.5%), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (12%), Citrobacter sp (11.5%). A positive ACB test is not to be expected from a patient with spinal injury who has a catheter in place, and the test may provide a useful guide to identify those patients with an invasive infection. It is doubtful that a decision to treat or not treat bacteriuria could rest on the identification of the bacterial species alone.  (+info)

Significance of urinary immunoglobulins in tests for antibody-coated bacteria. (2/13)

The relationship between urinary immunoglobulin levels and coating of a panel of bacteria by these immunoglobulins has been investigated. The results indicate that elevated urinary immunoglobulin levels are a distinct hazard in interpreting tests for antibody-coated bacteria as indicating upper or lower urinary tract infections.  (+info)

Correlation between uropathogenic properties of Escherichia coli from urinary tract infections and the antibody-coated bacteria test and comparison with faecal strains. (3/13)

Strains of Escherichia coli isolated from adult females with symptomatic urinary tract infection were found to possess the following properties significantly more frequently than faecal strains: (i) high K-antigen titre: (ii) haemolysin; (iii) type 1 pili; (iv) mannose-resistant haemagglutination; (v) fermentation of dulcitol and salicin; (vi) O serotype 2, 6 and 75; (vii) H serotype 1. E. coli isolated form urine specimens containing significant numbers of antibody-coated bacteria were richer in these seven properties than strains from urines without detectable antibody coated bacteria. The O and H serotypes of E. coli obtained from patients with urinary tract infection in two New Zealand cities were compared with those reported in the world literature and found to be similar.  (+info)

Comparison of reliability of tests to distinguish upper from lower urinary tract infection. (4/13)

The results of scintiphotography with gallium-67 (67Ga), renography with technetium-99m diethylene triamine penta-acetic acid, immunofluorescence of antibody coated bacteria, and determination of renal beta 2 microglobulin excretion were compared in 19 patients with upper and 15 patients with lower urinary tract infection. All patients with acute pyelonephritis showed an appreciable unilateral or bilateral uptake of 67Ga and an increased excretion of beta 2 microglobulin, whereas immunofluorescence of antibody coated bacteria yielded positive results in only 10. In patients with lower urinary tract infections excretion of beta 2 microglobulin and uptake of 67Ga were always normal, whereas immunofluorescence of antibody coated bacteria was positive in three cases. Scintiphotography with 67Ga and determination of renal beta 2 microglobulin excretion are currently the most reliable non-invasive methods of detecting acute pyelonephritis.  (+info)

Immunological characterization of renal glycosuria patients. (5/13)

We have evaluated the autoantibody pattern, the production of specific immunoglobulins against bacteria in the urinary tract and lymphocytes populations in peripheral blood of primary renal glycosuria patients. All the affected members present autoantibodies against various antigens. In nine patients immunofluorescence revealed antibody coated bacteria in urine specimens. Imbalances in lymphocytes subpopulations are also present, with a reduction of OKT8+ cells and an increase of B and natural killer cells. These results support previous observations about immunological abnormalities in these patients.  (+info)

Single-dose amoxicillin therapy of acute uncomplicated urinary tract infections in women. (6/13)

Of 210 women who were experiencing dysuria, frequent urination, pyuria, and significant bacteriuria and who were treated with a single 3-g dose of amoxicillin, 165 (79%) were cured of their original infections. Patients with infections that were negative by antibody-coated-bacteria assay were cured at a significantly higher rate than those with infections that were positive by antibody-coated-bacteria assay (90 versus 59%; P less than 0.001). Similarly, those with infections caused by amoxicillin-susceptible organisms were cured at a significantly higher rate than those with infections caused by resistant organisms (85 versus 50%; P less than 0.001). Of 27 patients who had infections caused by amoxicillin-susceptible organisms and who had relapses after single-dose therapy, 14 (52%) had relapses again after a conventional 10-day course of therapy, although all responded to a 6-week course. An additional 27 patients experiencing dysuria, frequent urination, and pyuria but who had a lower number of uropathogens in the urine (10(2) to 10(4.5)/ml of urine) were treated with single-dose therapy, with a 100% eradication of organisms and an 89% rate of symptomatic relief.  (+info)

Limitations of the direct immunofluorescence test for antibody-coated bacteria in determining the site of urinary tract infections in children. (7/13)

The results of the direct immunofluorescence test for antibody-coated bacteria to determine the site of a urinary tract infection do not always correlate with the clinical data. When this test was performed on urine specimens from 282 children with significant bacteriuria, false-negative and false-positive results were observed in 20% (19/94) and 52% (19/188) of the specimens. Contamination of the specimen during collection and the presence of Fc receptors (receptors for the crystallizable fragment of the immunoglobulin molecule) on the surface of some strains of Staphylococcus aureus yielded false-positive results, and stools and vaginal secretions were shown to be potential sources of antibody-coated bacteria. It is suggested that for children this test be run on urine collected by bladder puncture. The use of conjugated anti-IgG antiserum containing only F(ab')2 (the antigen-binding fragments of the IgG molecule) is also recommended to eliminate false-positive results due to the presence of Fc receptors on the bacterial surface.  (+info)

Diagnostic value and biological significance of antibody-coated bacteria in urine. (8/13)

The incidence of antibody-coated bacteria (ACB) in the urinary sediments as an indication of the site of urinary tract infections (UTI) was investigated in 103 adult subjects with persistent bacteriuria by means of a direct immunofluorescence technique.ACB were found in 49 of 58 (84.5%) subjects with long-standing upper urinary tract obstruction and in 5 of 45 (11.1%) with lower UTI; this difference was statistically significant (X(2) = 51.79; P<0.001). The group with upper UTI was further subdivided according to renal function (patients with renal insufficiency had both bilateral obstruction and bilateral renal damage); 21 positive results were obtained in 27 (77.8%) patients with normal renal function, whereas 28 positive cases were observed among 31 (90.3%) patients with chronic renal insufficiency. Thus the degree of renal involvement also seemed to influence the outcome of the test. Within the group of lower UTI, a higher rate of ;false-positive' results was obtained in 14 patients with symptomatic long-standing infection (21.4%) than in 31 subjects with asymptomatic bacteriuria (6.4%). The three major immunoglobulin classes and the secretory component were studied in 42 cases. Of these, 29 were found to be positive for ACB. The constant presence of IgA and secretory component on the surface of ACB suggests that the secretory immune system plays an important role in UTI.  (+info)

*List of MeSH codes (E01)

... antibody-coated bacteria test, urinary MeSH E01.370.390.175 --- cystoscopy MeSH E01.370.390.400 --- kidney function tests MeSH ... antibody-coated bacteria test, urinary MeSH E01.450.495.225.225 --- fluorescent antibody technique, direct MeSH E01.450.495.225 ... fluorescent treponemal antibody absorption test MeSH E01.450.495.735.850.800 --- treponema immobilization test MeSH E01.450. ... intradermal tests MeSH E01.370.750.300.400 --- kveim test MeSH E01.370.750.300.750 --- skin test end-point titration MeSH ...

*Bacillus subtilis

In order for a recipient bacterium to bind, take up exogenous DNA from another bacterium of the same species and recombine it ... To test whether transformation is an adaptive function for B. subtilis to repair its DNA damage, experiments were conducted ... Its endospores can survive up to 6 years in space if coated by dust particles protecting it from solar UV rays.* It has been ... It was marketed throughout America and Europe from 1946 as an immunostimulatory aid in the treatment of gut and urinary tract ...

*Scarlet fever

Serologic testing looks for the antibodies that the body produces against the streptococcal infection including ... The bacteria are usually spread by people coughing or sneezing. It can also be spread when a person touches an object which has ... Urinary abnormalities include blood and protein found in the urine as well as less urine production overall. Poststreptococcal ... The protrusion of the red papillae through the white coating gives the tongue a "white strawberry" appearance. Then a few days ...

*Cat health

Feline lower urinary tract disease is a term that is used to cover many problems of the feline urinary tract, including stones ... A variety of tests exist that can detect feline illnesses, and with early detection most diseases can be managed effectively. ... The condition of a cat's skin and coat can be an important indicator of its general health. Cheyletiellosis is a mild ... Similar to Crohn's disease in humans, a cat's intestinal antibodies view food as the enemy and attack nutritional absorption as ...

*White blood cell

This causes an antibody response to be mounted. Monocytes eventually leave the bloodstream and become tissue macrophages, which ... It is derived from the Greek roots leuk- meaning "white" and cyt- meaning "cell". The buffy coat may sometimes be green if ... Neutrophils are active in phagocytosing bacteria and are present in large amount in the pus of wounds. These cells are not able ... They are rare in the blood, but numerous in the mucous membranes of the respiratory, digestive, and lower urinary tracts. They ...

*Diagnostic microbiology

Usually, this test is used to quickly diagnose clinically relevant bacteria by allowing physicians to run about 20 tests at one ... Antibody detection works by attaching an indicator to an antibody with a known specificity and observing whether the antibody ... The nitrite test is commonly used to diagnose urinary tract infections by measuring the concentrations of nitrite in solution, ... Beads are both uncoated to increase surface are and yield, while others are more selective by being coated with functional ...

*Bacteria

This is achievable in some well-studied bacteria, with models of Escherichia coli metabolism now being produced and tested. ... Each endospore contains a core of DNA and ribosomes surrounded by a cortex layer and protected by a multilayer rigid coat ... Chlamydia, another phylum of obligate intracellular parasites, contains species that can cause pneumonia, or urinary tract ... or antibodies. Because of their importance for research in general, samples of bacterial strains are isolated and preserved in ...

*List of dog diseases

Urinary tract infection*, specifically cystitis or bladder infection, is common in dogs and usually caused by bacteria. Signs ... Skin testing has proved unreliable, and a trial of a hypoallergenic diet is usually used for diagnosis. Follicular dysplasia is ... Antibodies are present on the cell surface, leading to lysis and severe anemia. Other causes of hemolytic lesion include ... Congenital deafness can be genetic, seen sometimes in dogs with merle or white coats, or caused by in utero damage from ...

*Isothermal microcalorimetry

10X as many bacteria-ca. 330,000-must be present to produce detectable heat flow-i.e. 1 μW. However, many bacteria replicate ... 1986) of IMC use in toxicology was a study of antibody-dependent cellular toxicity (ADCC) against human melanoma cells of ... Suurkuusk, J; Wadsö, L (1974). "Design and testing of an improved precise drop calorimeter for the measurement of heat capacity ... "Rapid detection of urinary tract pathogens using microcalorimetry: principle, technique and first results". British Journal of ...

*Phagocyte

Opsonin receptors increase the phagocytosis of bacteria that have been coated with immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibodies or with ... To test his idea, he inserted small thorns from a tangerine tree into the larvae. After a few hours he noticed that the motile ... "Type 1 fimbrial expression enhances Escherichia coli virulence for the urinary tract". Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 93 (18): ... Secretions from the primary granules of neutrophils stimulate the phagocytosis of IgG-antibody-coated bacteria. Dendritic cells ...
The modified immunoenzymatic method for detection of antibody coated bacteria (IP ACB) was compared with immunofluorescence technique (IF ACB) in the diagnosis of urinary tract infection. For the study 100 patients were employed with significant and insignificant bacteriuria. It was found that 81% of the results obtained by IP ACB and IF ACB were identical, however the immunoenzymatic method was more sensitive than immunofluorescence. Moreover, the IP ACB technique is simpler, less time consuming and may be performed by using the ordinary optic microscope.
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The study of antibodies began in 1890 when Emil von Behring and Shibasaburo Kitasato described antibody activity against diphtheria and tetanus toxins. Behring and Kitasato put forward the theory of humoral immunity, proposing that a mediator in serum could react with a foreign antigen.[54][55] Their idea prompted Paul Ehrlich to propose the side chain theory for antibody and antigen interaction in 1897, when he hypothesized that receptors (described as "side chains") on the surface of cells could bind specifically to toxins - in a "lock-and-key" interaction - and that this binding reaction was the trigger for the production of antibodies.[56] Other researchers believed that antibodies existed freely in the blood and, in 1904, Almroth Wright suggested that soluble antibodies coated bacteria to label them for phagocytosis and killing; a process that he named opsoninization.[57] In the 1920s, Michael Heidelberger and Oswald Avery observed that antigens could be precipitated by antibodies and went ...
NASAs discovery of a bacteria that can use arsenic as a nutrient shows that life can exist beyond the confines of what is normally considered possible, according to a report in Science magazine. The bacteria was discovered in Californias Mono Lake.
Testing methods could be leading water-quality experts to post bacteria warnings at clean beaches, new research from Orange Countys Newport Beach water-quality lab shows.The research describes how
The MicroSnap test for Coliform and E. coli from Hygiena has been certified by the AOAC Research Institutes Performance Tested Methods Programme. MicroSnap is a novel rapid detection system based on the utilisation of specific substrates linked to a light emitting reaction. It is claimed to be the only microbiology test to give results in eight hours or less using a simple, low cost, portable, instrument platform.. Certification by the AOAC Research Institute means that customers can use the test with confidence knowing that all claims are independently verified against strict validation criteria and international reference methods. The rapid results enable food and beverage processors to get actionable information in the same working day or shift that enable cost savings and increased productivity through faster risk assessment and positive release of sensitive products.. MicroSnaps performance was certified to measure both Coliform and E. coli in a wide range of products including raw and ...
Chromogenic/TTC Dipslide Tests for E.coli, Pseudomonas Aeruginosa and Total Viable Count for enumeration of E.coli. Flexible paddle for effective surface contact ...
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The Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) documents thousands of cases of disease outbreak in pools and spas every year. Bacterial, viral, and Parasites can lead to hospitalization and in rare cases can cause death. Water is a breeding ground for bacteria and can support viruses and parasites long enough for them to enter your body through absorption, inhalation, and/or ingestion. The best way to combat these contaminants is monitoring water chemistry on a consistent basis and having sanitizer and sanitizing devices in place to destroy these hazards. Sanitizer is necessary for water maintenance but can be used in conjunction with mineral filters, ozone treatment, and ultra-violet (UV) treatment as an added layer of protection. For heavily used pool and spas, a bacteria test kit can be used that will inform you of any infestation in just 17 min.. There are a few different types of Bacteria found in pool and spas. All of them can make you sick. If conditions are right, these can even be ...
Hygiena, a global leader in rapid food safety testing, has been awarded Performance Tested MethodsSM Validation (Certification Number 031501) from the AOAC Research Institute for MicroSnap™ Total, the first 7 hour total aerobic bacteria test. MicroSnap Total detects down to 1-10 organisms in 7 hours or less, which is at least 17 hours sooner than other AOAC-validated methods for the detection and enumeration of aerobic bacteria.. MicroSnap Total is a flexible test that may be used for product or environmental samples. Processors can now collect samples at the beginning of a typical 8-hour shift and get results within 7 hours to verify product quality or take corrective actions as necessary before the end of the day. Knowing results on both product and environmental samples by the end of the shift allows personnel responsible for food safety and quality to react to contamination in a timely manner, release held products sooner for extended shelf-life, and feel more confident about the quality ...
UCF Licenses Bacteria Test for Possible Crohns Treatment - Read more about UCF Health & Medicine, Uncategorized, Orlando and Central Florida news.
Im searching for people with experience in using photobacterium phosphoreum for toxicity tests. There are two commercial systems available. For the USA the Microtox system is common standard. For Europe both systems are known. I can give you information about the following topics: - Lumiscent bacteria for toxicity measurement in * groundwater * wastewater * coolingwater * products for off shore oil plants * soil * etc Im searching for experiments with lumiscent bacteria to examine toxicity in: - food (poison detection) - drinking water (poison detection) We are starting a serious project in the Netherlands in the near future. If you are interested in the results ore if you are interested to join us in this experiment please send me an e-mail. fja.zegers at tip.nl ...
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Arrow Scientific offers a wide range of smart tools to effectively manage and monitor HACCP systems within the food manufacturing industry. The product range includes allergen kits, bacteria tests, hygiene training, pH meters, sanitation verification, and thermometers.. Arrow Scientific provide allergen testing equipment such as Enzyme Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) based test kits, AgraQuant® Allergen ELISA Kits and AgraStrip® Allergen Test Strips.. AgraStrip® Allergen Test Strips are a lateral flow strip which aids in quick and simple detection of common allergens making it ideal for use in commercial kitchens, and production facilities. Kits are available for over 20 allergens, including the big 8; soy, eggs, milk, fish, wheat, shellfish, tree nuts and peanuts.. ELISA based test kits and AgraQuant® Allergen ELISA Kits are designed for use in the quantitative analysis of food allergens in laboratories.. ...
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My daughter is 34... Beginning in high school she became troubled somewhat by IBS and it continued in a "mild" (it is relative) form until 2006 or so. At that point she became miserable, soon lost her job and socially unsecure.. We tried all of the gastroenterologists in two major hospital groups, endocrinologists and local medical schools. Allergy testing, scoping, swallowing cameras, bacteria tests, enzyme tests, testing to all susceptibilities - including gluten. We tried eliminating fat and many other items too.. But through all of this the doctors told her that she didnt have an issue with dairy or gluten. Her suffering continued.... Six weeks ago, her mother finally suggested that she give up gluten and dairy at the same time.. What a difference that has made! She can actually sit at the table and finish a meal without running... her outlook is positive again.. So, I wanted just to share this encouragement and say that sometimes, doctors dont have all of the answers, and it may be a good ...
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Uncomplicated lower urinary tract infections (LUTIs) are very common (i.e. 10% of all women has it each year and 60% of all women experience at least one episode during their lifetime) [1], and we presume there are about 200,000 patients treated for this in Denmark annually. Most patients are otherwise healthy women, and these infections are often the main reason of exposure to antibiotics for these patients [2]. Uncomplicated LUTIs are primarily community acquired and diagnosed as well as treated in primary care. The most common pathogen is Escherichia coli [2, 3], and diagnosis can be made clinical with 90% positive predictive value (i.e. new onset dysuria, pollakisuria and urgency, together with absence of vaginal discharge or pain) [4].. In Denmark, the current clinical practice recommendations is pivmecillinam (i.e., 400 mg t.i.d for 3 days) as the first line drug against uncomplicated LUTIs [5]. Pivmecillinam is a prodrug of mecillinam. It is an amidinopenicillin, selective and highly ...
Todays work evaluated antibody-coated liposomes as a fresh treatment technique CD164 for immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) by using a mouse style of the disease. in accordance with various other therapies (top platelet matters: 224% ± 34% of preliminary platelet matters for 50 μg TER119/mouse versus 160% ± 34% for 2 g/kg IVIG 88 ± 36% for 60 μmol lipid/kg AMI-coated liposomes and 80% ± 25% for 60 μmol lipid/kg IVIG-coated liposomes). MCI-225 Nevertheless the ramifications of TER119 had been associated with serious hemolysis as TER119 reduced RBC matters by around 50%. Todays work showed that antibody-coated liposomes attenuated thrombocytopenia within this model at a lower immunoglobulin dosage than that necessary for IVIG results and on the other hand with MCI-225 TER119 antibody-coated liposomes elevated platelet matters without changing RBC counts. Launch Defense thrombocytopenia (ITP) is definitely classified as an autoimmune disease in which antibody-coated platelets are ...
By what mechanism do macrophages in the spleen remove antibody-coated cells? Macrophages have receptors for the Fc portion of IgG molecules which allo...
This guideline sets out an antimicrobial prescribing strategy for lower urinary tract infection (also called cystitis) in children, young people and adults who do not have a catheter. It aims to optimise antibiotic use and reduce antibiotic resistance. ...
Cancer cells that cannot be removed by surgeons often cause tumors to return or metastasize. They come in areas where it first started or in other body parts.
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complete silver - This refers to the measurement of the silver colloid that features the silver content material in the particles that is metallic silver and the silver ions that are in solution (dissolved). Along with particles and ions, silver existing in the form of silver compounds would even be included in the measurement of total silver. Superior quality silver colloids incorporate Practically no silver compounds. turbidity - Cloudiness or opaqueness of drinking water on account of suspended particles from the drinking water creating a reduction while in the transmission of light. Turbidity is measured by passing a beam of light through the sample and detecting the scattered light at 90-degrees with the incident gentle. The unit of measure could be the Nephelometric Turbidity Device (NTU) and that is numerically similar to a Formazin Turbidity Device (FTU). Calibration of the turbidimeter is by standards of identified turbidity consisting of formazin solutions. For colloidal silver ...
ABSTRACT: Cancer treatment should address female-specific survivorship issues, including the hypoestrogenic-related adverse effects of cancer therapies or of natural menopause in survivors. Systemic and vaginal estrogen are widely used for symptomatic relief of vasomotor symptoms, sexual dysfunction, and lower urinary tract infections in the general population. However, given that some types of cancer are hormone sensitive, there are safety concerns about the use of local hormone therapy in women who currently have breast cancer or have a history of breast cancer. Nonhormonal approaches are t... ...
ABSTRACT: Cancer treatment should address female-specific survivorship issues, including the hypoestrogenic-related adverse effects of cancer therapies or of natural menopause in survivors. Systemic and vaginal estrogen are widely used for symptomatic relief of vasomotor symptoms, sexual dysfunction, and lower urinary tract infections in the general population. However, given that some types of cancer are hormone sensitive, there are safety concerns about the use of local hormone therapy in women who currently have breast cancer or have a history of breast cancer. Nonhormonal approaches are t... ...
Fig. Criteria for referral for expert management. If the patient of your plans for the view that the following months. Have only one other lifetime psychiatric disorder does not need to be considered short term and has been made for the data value is affected by obe- sity have been intimate partners or family his- tory or gait. Norton ivax:,, and micrograms l usscystic nodules are evident in the coc and the end of the way that people are high risk of a recent publication of the. Risk of fracture particularly a st-degree relative with hip involvement will require extensive tissue sampling, emphasis on: Sexual activity. If recurrent dislocation is common practice in patients who are severely ill,. A phase iii studies. Lissonis group performed a clinical history of chemotherapy with a lower urinary tract infection. Squamous cell metaplasia is easily treated. Intra-uterine exposure of antibodies iu ml should prompt clinical review. J. Immunopharmacol. P-gp: No effect a chung et al. Cribriform ...
Abstract The Notch signaling pathway is fundamental to proper cardiovascular development and is now recognized as an important player in tumor angiogenesis. Two key Notch ligands h..
Published version. OKane, D.B., Dave, S.K., Gore, N., Patel, F., Hoffmann, T., & Del Mar, C. (2013). Urinary alkanisation for uncomplicated urinary tract infection (protocol). Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 2013 (10), 1-10. Access the journal. Access the article via the DOI. © Copyright The Cochrane Collaboration, 2013. ...
These drugs are bacteriostatic in nature and are often utilized in the systemic treatment of acute, uncomplicated urinary tract infections and respiratory upper tract infections.
Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are more prevalent among women than among men (ratio of 20:1), probably secondary to an anatomically short urethra and its close proximity to the vagina and rectum. It is a significant health care problem affecting an estimated 10 % to 20 % of women during their lifetimes and accounting for approximately 5.2 million office visits per year. In the past 30 years, there has been significant development in our understanding of the pathogenesis and management of urinary tract infections. The prevalence of urinary tract infections increases with age. At 1 year, 1 % to 2% of female infants demonstrate bacteriuria. After 1 year of age, the infection decreases to approximately 1 % and remains low until puberty. Between ages 15 to 24, the prevalence of bacteriuria is about 2 % to 3 % and increases to about 15 % at the age 60, 20% after age 65, and 25 % to 50 % after age 80. Sexual activity and pregnancy are major factors in younger age groups, whereas pelvic relaxation, ...
Zano/Balajadia response to Treatment on UTI Optimal duration of antibiotic therapy for uncomplicated urinary tract infection in older Women: a double-blind rand

List of MeSH codes (E01) - WikipediaList of MeSH codes (E01) - Wikipedia

... antibody-coated bacteria test, urinary MeSH E01.370.390.175 --- cystoscopy MeSH E01.370.390.400 --- kidney function tests MeSH ... antibody-coated bacteria test, urinary MeSH E01.450.495.225.225 --- fluorescent antibody technique, direct MeSH E01.450.495.225 ... fluorescent treponemal antibody absorption test MeSH E01.450.495.735.850.800 --- treponema immobilization test MeSH E01.450. ... intradermal tests MeSH E01.370.750.300.400 --- kveim test MeSH E01.370.750.300.750 --- skin test end-point titration MeSH ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_MeSH_codes_(E01)

Urinary Tract Infection | SpringerLinkUrinary Tract Infection | SpringerLink

Newman E, Price M, Ederer GM (1980) Urinary tract infection in patients with spinal cord lesions: antibody coated bacteria test ... Lindan R (1981) The significance of antibody coated bacteria in uropathic bladder urines. Paraplegia 19: 216-222PubMedCrossRef ... Fairley FK, Bond AG, Brown RB, Harbersberger P (1967) Simple test to determine the site of urinary tract infection. Lancet 2: ... Stickler DJ Thomas B, Chawla JC (1981b) Antiseptic and antibiotic resistance in gram-negative bacteria causing urinary tract ...
more infohttps://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-1-4471-1860-2_6

Use of OraQuick for Screening HIV in Children Less Than Eighteen Months OldUse of OraQuick for Screening HIV in Children Less Than Eighteen Months Old

... clinicaltrials.gov Blood is the most commonly used specimen to test for HIV. In the past 20 years, use of saliva as an ... Antibody-coated Bacteria Test, Urinary. Fluorescent antibody technique for visualizing antibody-bacteria complexes in urine. ... antibodies coating erythrocytes. The direct test is applied to red cells which have been coated with antibody in vivo (e.g., in ... The presence or absence of antibody-coated bacteria in urine correlates with localization of urinary tract infection in the ...
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Urinalysis | Profiles RNSUrinalysis | Profiles RNS

Limulus Test. *Urinalysis. *Diagnostic Techniques, Urological. *Antibody-Coated Bacteria Test, Urinary. *Cystoscopy ... Preliminary observations of urinary calcium and osteopontin excretion in premature infants, term infants and adults. ... Routine laboratory testing before endoscopic procedures. Gastrointest Endosc. 2014 Jul; 80(1):28-33. ... Routine urinalysis usually includes performing chemical screening tests, determining specific gravity, observing any unusual ...
more infohttps://profiles.umassmed.edu/display/118574

Basophil Degranulation Test | Profiles RNSBasophil Degranulation Test | Profiles RNS

Antibody-Coated Bacteria Test, Urinary. *Basophil Degranulation Test. *Cell Migration Assays. *Cytotoxicity Tests, Immunologic ... An in vitro test used in the diagnosis of allergies including drug hypersensitivity. The allergen is added to the patients ... "Basophil Degranulation Test" is a descriptor in the National Library of Medicines controlled vocabulary thesaurus, MeSH ( ... This graph shows the total number of publications written about "Basophil Degranulation Test" by people in this website by year ...
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Direct detection of intracellular fluorescently tagged cells in solution - Creatv MicroTech, Inc.Direct detection of intracellular fluorescently tagged cells in solution - Creatv MicroTech, Inc.

A method of detecting target cells and pathogens in a test sample concentrates to target cells in solution by filtering or ... Testing for Bacteria in Urine for Urinary Infection. Example 3. Prognostic Test for Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (CLL) Using ... Solid silica (glass) beads or hollow silica microspheres coated with pathogen capture reagent, such as antibody against for a ... Foods are required to be tested for a variety of bacteria as regulated by FDA and USDA. Bacteria in food are tested by plating ...
more infohttp://www.freepatentsonline.com/y2010/0279322.html

Flu and uti at the same time, can steroids cause bladder infectionsFlu and uti at the same time, can steroids cause bladder infections

... and antibody-coated bacteria.2. Commercially available dipsticks may be used to detect the presence of a UTI. The pharmacist ... urine-sample tests, and pelvic examinations should be performed in patients with urinary tract symptoms to properly diagnose ... Urinary Tract Infection. A female urinary tract showing the bladder and urethra, demonstrating how bacteria from the skin or ... Cranberries contain antioxidants that may help prevent bacteria in the urinary tract from sticking to the walls of the urinary ...
more infohttps://traitorschart.com/medications-that-cause-uti/

Stop UTI Infection Naturally - Ormed Medical ExchangeStop UTI Infection Naturally - Ormed Medical Exchange

... and detailed instructions on how to beat their urinary tract ... laboratory test for localization antibody-coated bacteria are ... prevention of urinary odor, and prevention and treatment of urinary tract infections. Prevention of urinary tract infection 8 ... Those bacteria were often found in patients suffering from complicated urinary tract infections, including patients with either ... The response to UPEC was examined by injection of bacteria into the urinary tract of patients. Colonization with non-virulent ...
more infohttps://www.ormedmedical.us/urinary-tract-infection.html

Additional pages  Product Categories   - Healthmatics | Page 357Additional pages Product Categories - Healthmatics | Page 357

The presence or absence of antibody-coated bacteria in urine correlates with localization of urinary tract infection in the ... močový test bakteriální s navázanou protilátkou Fluorescent antibody technique for visualizing antibody-bacteria complexes in ... Antibodies produced by a single clone of cells.. MSH. homogeneous antibody that is produced by a clone of antibody forming ... There are many kinds of monoclonal antibodies. Each monoclonal antibody is made to find one substance. Monoclonal antibodies ...
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Leukocytes in urine without infectionLeukocytes in urine without infection

Detection of white blood cells in the urine is often indicative of a urinary tract infection. ... Urinary tract infections are detected at the clinical laboratory by through chemical analysis of the urine and microscopic ... They engulf and destroy invading organisms like viruses and bacteria. They also release antibodies to inactivate organisms and ... When a urine sample is sent to the laboratory for analysis, the lab tech will dip a stick coated with different chemicals into ...
more infohttp://www.ehow.co.uk/about_5595331_leukocytes-urine-infection.html

Timer-relay.com: Authors: Yaram Narasimhareddy,M.V.SubbaRao,V.Chandarasekhara Raju Assistant Professor pnc&kr college...Timer-relay.com: Authors: Yaram Narasimhareddy,M.V.SubbaRao,V.Chandarasekhara Raju Assistant Professor pnc&kr college...

Mirkin group at Northwestern University uses magnetic microparticle probes coated with target proteinbinding antibodies plus 13 ... aeruginosa bacteria are present.But if any bacteria of this type are present, then the proteolytic enzyme that the microbes ... Quantum Dots and Nanocrystals: Fluorescent tags are commonplace in medicine and biology, found in everything from HIV tests to ... a Gram-negative bacillus that causes inflammation and urinary tract infection, folliculitis, and otitis externa in humans.T ...
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Doxycycline Hyclate Sunlight - Family MedsDoxycycline Hyclate Sunlight - Family Meds

... urinary effects and doxycycline hyclate sunlight may be seen during viagra use block of the pleasure and the antibody-coated ... Results were told that they would be contacted by treatment and/or womenbeing if they were m. other bacteria by swenson et al. ... Citrus risks have been tested in doxycycline hyclate sunlight dan and doctor in rather against leakage bm and smooth dings. ... Van; re online dizziness; re nutritional with what coupon; bacteria read.. He developed unified stability and sunlight hyclate ...
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KAKEN - Research Projects | Strain Variation of Candida albicans as Related to Pathogenicity to the Urinary Tract (KAKENHI...KAKEN - Research Projects | Strain Variation of Candida albicans as Related to Pathogenicity to the Urinary Tract (KAKENHI...

Publications] Ohkawa, M., tokunaga, S., Shoda, R., Hisazumi, H.: Clinical significance of the antibody-coated bacteria test in ... Publications] M.Ohkawa,S.Tokunaga,R.Shoda and H.Hisazumi: Clinical significance of the antibodyーcoated bacteria test in ... and urinary Candida colony counts, and between renal Candida populations and grades of renal histological changes, using two ... The data on the serum _D-arabinitol/creatinine ratios in urinary candidiasis patients suggest that 2 weeks or more may be an ...
more infohttps://kaken.nii.ac.jp/grant/KAKENHI-PROJECT-02454369/

JCI -
Exclusive CX3CR1 dependence of kidney DCs impacts glomerulonephritis progressionJCI - Exclusive CX3CR1 dependence of kidney DCs impacts glomerulonephritis progression

Statistical significance was tested with (A) the unpaired Students t test or (D) the 2-tailed Mann-Whitney test. ... Urinary tract infection model. Uropathogenic E. coli strain 536 (UPEC) (53) were grown for 5 hours at 37 °C in LB medium. ... While antibody blockade of CX3CR1 reduced monocyte and CD8+ T cell infiltration and ameliorated disease in rats (37), immune ... Bacteria were harvested by centrifugation at 1,200 g for 10 minutes and resuspended in 2 ml LB medium to a final concentration ...
more infohttps://www.jci.org/articles/view/70143

Urinary Tract Infections During Pregnancy - American Family PhysicianUrinary Tract Infections During Pregnancy - American Family Physician

Pregnant women with urinary group B streptococcal infection should be treated and should receive intrapartum prophylactic ... Urinary tract infections are common during pregnancy, and the most common causative organism is Escherichia coli. Asymptomatic ... 9. Harris RE, Thomas VL, Shelokov A. Asymptomatic bacteriuria in pregnancy: antibody-coated bacteria, renal function, and ... A study of various tests to detect asymptomatic urinary tract infections in an obstetric population. JAMA. 1993;270:1971-4. ...
more infohttps://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0201/p713.html

Polymer coatings test for cancer, prevent infections, detect bacterial contaminationPolymer coatings test for cancer, prevent infections, detect bacterial contamination

... developing a polyoxazoline polymer coating that can test for bladder cancer more simply and much cheaper than current invasive ... Research has been successful in - developing polymer coatings for medical implants that help prevent growth of bacteria ... Antibiotic-resistant bacteria that colonize surfaces and medical equipment are causing alarming annual rises in the number of ... The new test exposes a urine sample to a 20-nanometer-thick polymer coating on a substrate. The compound binds to antibodies ...
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A Diagnosis of an Infection of the Urinary Tract & Lactobacillus | Livestrong.comA Diagnosis of an Infection of the Urinary Tract & Lactobacillus | Livestrong.com

Lactobacillus is a rod-shaped bacterium that is the part of the normal flora of the human genitourinary and digestive tracts ... but may cause urinary tract infections, UTI, in individuals with reduced immunity. ... Urinalysis is often the first test that is performed in a doctors office to check for the presence of UTI and involves three ... rod-shaped bacterium that is the part of the normal flora of the human genitourinary and digestive tracts but may cause urinary ...
more infohttps://www.livestrong.com/article/251934-a-diagnosis-of-an-infection-of-the-urinary-tract-lactobacillus/

Feline Immunodeficiency Virus | PetfinderFeline Immunodeficiency Virus | Petfinder

The screening test for FIV commonly used in shelters is an ELISA test that detects the presence of antibodies to the virus, ... This is the initial acute phase, wherein signs may start out very vaguely, with anemia, a poor hair coat, appetite loss, ... Because the virus affects the immune systems ability to fight disease, viruses, bacteria, protozoa and other disease organisms ... along with other infections of the urinary bladder, skin and upper respiratory tract appearing. Diarrhea and/or progressive ...
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Bacterium | definition of bacterium by Medical dictionaryBacterium | definition of bacterium by Medical dictionary

... bacterium explanation free. What is bacterium? Meaning of bacterium medical term. What does bacterium mean? ... Looking for online definition of bacterium in the Medical Dictionary? ... antibody-coated bacterium. 1. A bacterium coated with an antibody that acts as an opsonin to make the bacterium more ... 2. A laboratory test using fluorescein-labeled antibodies to locate antigens with which the antibody links. See: opsonin ...
more infohttp://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/bacterium

Bacillus subtilis - WikipediaBacillus subtilis - Wikipedia

In order for a recipient bacterium to bind, take up exogenous DNA from another bacterium of the same species and recombine it ... To test whether transformation is an adaptive function for B. subtilis to repair its DNA damage, experiments were conducted ... Its endospores can survive up to 6 years in space if coated by dust particles protecting it from solar UV rays.* It has been ... It was marketed throughout America and Europe from 1946 as an immunostimulatory aid in the treatment of gut and urinary tract ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bacillus_subtilis

Bladder and KidneysBladder and Kidneys

In the urinary tract: urgency or urinary frequency, recurrent urinary tract "infections" but bacteria are NOT found to be the ... A Candida Antibodies Test is also available. This test uses a drop of blood to evaluate for an immune system reaction to ... Mentharil (enteric coated peppermint): 1-2 caps, 2-3 times per day between meals. Peppermint acts as an anti- spasmodic BUT it ... Antibiotics not only kill bacteria in the urinary tract, but they can kill a lot of "friendly bacteria" in the gut as well. ...
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Water bacterium | definition of water bacterium by Medical dictionaryWater bacterium | definition of water bacterium by Medical dictionary

... water bacterium explanation free. What is water bacterium? Meaning of water bacterium medical term. What does water bacterium ... Looking for online definition of water bacterium in the Medical Dictionary? ... antibody-coated bacterium. 1. A bacterium coated with an antibody that acts as an opsonin to make the bacterium more ... 2. A laboratory test using fluorescein-labeled antibodies to locate antigens with which the antibody links. See: opsonin ...
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Blood-Cleansing Biospleen Device Developed for Sepsis Therapy | Infection Control TodayBlood-Cleansing Biospleen Device Developed for Sepsis Therapy | Infection Control Today

... a life-threatening condition in which bacteria or fungi multiply in a patients blood -- often too fast for antibiotics to help ... Quite similar to the tests on human blood, after just five hours of filtering, about 90 percent of the bacteria and toxin were ... Key to the success of the device are tiny nanometer-sized magnetic beads that are coated with a genetically engineered version ... It can arise from a variety of infections, including appendicitis, urinary tract infections, skin or lung infections, as well ...
more infohttps://www.infectioncontroltoday.com/sepsis/blood-cleansing-biospleen-device-developed-sepsis-therapy
  • First, the realisation that the spinal cord injured patient is acutely unable to drain the urinary tract and is therefore prone to bacterial colonisation of urine resulted in artificial drainage becoming a priority in the acutely injured patient, with consequent diminution in the incidence of fulminant sepsis. (springer.com)
  • B. subtilis is considered the best studied Gram-positive bacterium and a model organism to study bacterial chromosome replication and cell differentiation. (wikipedia.org)
  • There are many mechanisms by which pathogenic bacteria can be transmitted from person to person, including airborne infection, direct contact, contact with animals, transmission by insect vectors, or indirect transmission in drinking water, milk, or food or on inanimate objects. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Based on our experimental and clinical data, serum _D-arabinitol and mannan are considered to be useful markers in distinguishing invasive urinary candidiasis form benign colonization. (nii.ac.jp)
  • This comes with a whole host of other issues including the implications antibiotics can have for our gut bacteria which we know are important for supporting our immune functions. (traitorschart.com)
  • A single patient who is CDC positive for Lyme, symptomatic and off antibiotics for four months agreed to have his semen tested. (blogspot.com)
  • Release of the carbohydrate receptor makes the bacteria lose their grip until novel receptors are expressed. (ormedmedical.us)
  • and urinary Candida colony counts, and between renal Candida populations and grades of renal histological changes, using two new experimental models of ascending. (nii.ac.jp)
  • Although VUR in and of itself is associated with little morbidity, the concern is the risk of retrograde ascent of bacteria from the bladder to the upper urinary tract which can lead to pyelonephritis and subsequent renal scarring. (cancertherapyadvisor.com)
  • This decreased ability may be caused by decreased ureteral tone or possibly by allowing some strains of bacteria to selectively grow. (aafp.org)
  • Doctors treating infectious diseases still don't have rapid diagnostic tests which could help them identify the exact strains of pathogens ailing their patients. (europa.eu)
  • Preliminary observations of urinary calcium and osteopontin excretion in premature infants, term infants and adults. (umassmed.edu)
  • According to 'Mackie and McCartney's Manual of Practical Medical Microbiology,' the presence of purple-colored, rod-shaped bacteria provides a preliminary diagnosis of lactobacilli. (livestrong.com)
  • urinary complications and the social resettlement of spinal cord injured patients. (springer.com)
  • Increased bladder volume and decreased bladder tone, along with decreased ureteral tone, contribute to increased urinary stasis and ureterovesical reflux. (aafp.org)
  • This happens when there is physical damage to the urinary tract, as is the case when kidney stones are passed. (ehow.co.uk)
  • Some bacteria can also form spores , dehydrated forms that are relatively resistant to heat, cold, lack of water, toxic chemicals, and radiation. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • This is the initial acute phase, wherein signs may start out very vaguely, with anemia, a poor hair coat, appetite loss, swollen lymph nodes and fever. (petfinder.com)
  • Her exam shows a red throat with exudate(white coating of tonsils) and swollen glands in a typical mono pattern. (blogspot.com)
  • Evaluation and readout optimization of the rapid polymyxin NP test for the detection of colistin-resistant Enterobacteriaceae. (bioportfolio.com)
  • The data on the serum _D-arabinitol/creatinine ratios in urinary candidiasis patients suggest that 2 weeks or more may be an appropriate duration of treatment for urinary candidiasis. (nii.ac.jp)
  • For example, the project developed a prototype of a breath sampler for influenza - the first test which uses something as simple as breathing out to detect the presence of pathogens in patients. (europa.eu)
  • During the project, the team was able to demonstrate that the instrument is able to capture airborne pathogens, and started testing it on patients in the clinic. (europa.eu)
  • These antibodies are directed against a wide variety of interspecies-specific antigens, the best known of which are Forssman, Hanganutziu-Deicher (H-D), and Paul-Bunnell (P-B). Incidence of antibodies to these antigens-i.e., the phenomenon of heterophile antibody response-is useful in the serodiagnosis, pathogenesis, and prognosis of infection and latent infectious states as well as in cancer classification. (healthmatics.info)
  • This would make oral fluid testing a good alternative for HIV screening in infants, a challenging population in which venipuncture is often difficult or unacceptable. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Infection of 129P2 mice with NB-tropic FV, which can efficiently infect mice independent of Fv1 genotype, resulted in severe splenomegaly, high levels of viremia and weak neutralizing antibody responses regardless of Apobec3 status. (jove.com)
  • To determine the efficacy of an improved rapid diagnostic test using venous whole blood and fingerstick whole blood. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Developing diagnostic tests for infectious diseases is very challenging, and due to limited time and resources, the project fell short of developing fully-fledged rapid diagnostic tests. (europa.eu)
  • After the user specifications were defined, the project team set out to develop some of the technologies needed to create rapid diagnostic tests. (europa.eu)
  • A method of detecting target cells and pathogens in a test sample concentrates to target cells in solution by filtering or capturing the target cells on a solid support. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • It is a devise that can be used to collect as well test the saliva. (bioportfolio.com)
  • In adults, use of saliva has also highlighted the advantages of ease of collection and increased acceptability of testing. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Doctors here are not very Lyme literate and will usually not think of testing a person for Lyme, still less will they think of making a clinical diagnosis, or even a provisional clinical diagnosis. (blogspot.com)
  • Pregnant women with urinary group B streptococcal infection should be treated and should receive intrapartum prophylactic therapy. (aafp.org)
  • An in vitro test used in the diagnosis of allergies including drug hypersensitivity. (umassmed.edu)
  • Routine urinalysis usually includes performing chemical screening tests, determining specific gravity, observing any unusual color or odor, screening for bacteriuria, and examining the sediment microscopically. (umassmed.edu)
  • Urinalysis is often the first test that is performed in a doctor's office to check for the presence of UTI and involves three steps. (livestrong.com)
  • In order to understand the requirements for these tests, the RAPP-ID team put a lot of effort into drawing up user specifications which outline what diagnostic tests for different infectious diseases should even look like. (europa.eu)
  • These guidelines could help anyone working on diagnostic tests for infectious diseases in the future. (europa.eu)
  • Results were told that they would be contacted by treatment and/or womenbeing if they were m. other bacteria by swenson et al. (tradeport.org)
  • Constant exposure to salivary bacteria makes dental tools, such as reusable X-ray imaging plates, ideal environments for virulent biofilms. (plastemart.com)
  • Professor Krasi Vasilev, from the University of South Australia's Future Industries Institute, told Plastics News that his team was researching antibiotic properties of polyoxazoline-based polymers and discovered a polymeric compound that will bind to cancer-specific antibodies in urine. (plastemart.com)
  • However, these methods have not been studied in children in whom differences in test performance might be expected. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Studies in adults have also highlighted the advantages of oral fluid testing, such as ease of collection and high degree of acceptability of testing. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Bacteria reproduce by cell division about every 20 minutes, giving them a very high rate of population growth and evolution. (thefreedictionary.com)