The technique that deals with the measurement of the size, weight, and proportions of the human or other primate body.
The measurement of subcutaneous fat located directly beneath the skin by grasping a fold of skin and subcutaneous fat between the thumb and forefinger and pulling it away from the underlying muscle tissue. The thickness of the double layer of skin and subcutaneous tissue is then read with a caliper. The five most frequently measured sites are the upper arm, below the scapula, above the hip bone, the abdomen, and the thigh. Its application is the determination of relative fatness, of changes in physical conditioning programs, and of the percentage of body fat in desirable body weight. (From McArdle, et al., Exercise Physiology, 2d ed, p496-8)
The relative amounts of various components in the body, such as percentage of body fat.
State of the body in relation to the consumption and utilization of nutrients.
The distance from the sole to the crown of the head with body standing on a flat surface and fully extended.
The resistance to the flow of either alternating or direct electrical current.
An indicator of body density as determined by the relationship of BODY WEIGHT to BODY HEIGHT. BMI=weight (kg)/height squared (m2). BMI correlates with body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE). Their relationship varies with age and gender. For adults, BMI falls into these categories: below 18.5 (underweight); 18.5-24.9 (normal); 25.0-29.9 (overweight); 30.0 and above (obese). (National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
Disorders caused by nutritional imbalance, either overnutrition or undernutrition.
The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.
The physical measurements of a body.
A noninvasive method for assessing BODY COMPOSITION. It is based on the differential absorption of X-RAYS (or GAMMA RAYS) by different tissues such as bone, fat and other soft tissues. The source of (X-ray or gamma-ray) photon beam is generated either from radioisotopes such as GADOLINIUM 153, IODINE 125, or Americanium 241 which emit GAMMA RAYS in the appropriate range; or from an X-ray tube which produces X-RAYS in the desired range. It is primarily used for quantitating BONE MINERAL CONTENT, especially for the diagnosis of OSTEOPOROSIS, and also in measuring BONE MINERALIZATION.
Fluids composed mainly of water found within the body.
The amount of fat or lipid deposit at a site or an organ in the body, an indicator of body fat status.
Specialized connective tissue composed of fat cells (ADIPOCYTES). It is the site of stored FATS, usually in the form of TRIGLYCERIDES. In mammals, there are two types of adipose tissue, the WHITE FAT and the BROWN FAT. Their relative distributions vary in different species with most adipose tissue being white.
An imbalanced nutritional status resulted from insufficient intake of nutrients to meet normal physiological requirement.
A self-governing territory formed from the central and eastern portions of the Northwest Territories. It was officially established April 1, 1999. The capital is Iqaluit.
Measurements of the height, weight, length, area, etc., of the human and animal body or its parts.
The comparative science dealing with the physical characteristics of humans as related to their origin, evolution, and development in the total environment.
The lack of sufficient energy or protein to meet the body's metabolic demands, as a result of either an inadequate dietary intake of protein, intake of poor quality dietary protein, increased demands due to disease, or increased nutrient losses.
The measurement around the body at the level of the ABDOMEN and just above the hip bone. The measurement is usually taken immediately after exhalation.
The two types of spaces between which water and other body fluids are distributed: extracellular and intracellular.
The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual at BIRTH. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.
Nutritional physiology of children aged 2-12 years.
The superior part of the upper extremity between the SHOULDER and the ELBOW.
Foods and beverages prepared for use to meet specific needs such as infant foods.
A status with BODY WEIGHT that is grossly above the acceptable or desirable weight, usually due to accumulation of excess FATS in the body. The standards may vary with age, sex, genetic or cultural background. In the BODY MASS INDEX, a BMI greater than 30.0 kg/m2 is considered obese, and a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2 is considered morbidly obese (MORBID OBESITY).
The waist circumference measurement divided by the hip circumference measurement. For both men and women, a waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) of 1.0 or higher is considered "at risk" for undesirable health consequences, such as heart disease and ailments associated with OVERWEIGHT. A healthy WHR is 0.90 or less for men, and 0.80 or less for women. (National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, 2004)
Increase in BODY WEIGHT over existing weight.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
Gradual increase in the number, the size, and the complexity of cells of an individual. Growth generally results in increase in ORGAN WEIGHT; BODY WEIGHT; and BODY HEIGHT.
Evaluation and measurement of nutritional variables in order to assess the level of nutrition or the NUTRITIONAL STATUS of the individual. NUTRITION SURVEYS may be used in making the assessment.
Particular categories of body build, determined on the basis of certain physical characteristics. The three basic body types are ectomorph (thin physique), endomorph (rounded physique), and mesomorph (athletic physique).
An infant during the first month after birth.
Heart enlargement and other remodeling in cardiac morphology and electrical circutry found in individuals who participate in intense repeated exercises.
The continuous sequential physiological and psychological maturing of an individual from birth up to but not including ADOLESCENCE.
Nutritional physiology of children from birth to 2 years of age.
BODY MASS INDEX in children (ages 2-12) and in adolescents (ages 13-18) that is grossly above the recommended cut-off for a specific age and sex. For infants less than 2 years of age, obesity is determined based on standard weight-for-length percentile measures.
Deposits of ADIPOSE TISSUE throughout the body. The pattern of fat deposits in the body regions is an indicator of health status. Excess ABDOMINAL FAT increases health risks more than excess fat around the hips or thighs, therefore, WAIST-HIP RATIO is often used to determine health risks.
Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.
The nursing of an infant at the breast.
Total number of calories taken in daily whether ingested or by parenteral routes.
Deviations from the average values for a specific age and sex in any or all of the following: height, weight, skeletal proportions, osseous development, or maturation of features. Included here are both acceleration and retardation of growth.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
The physical characteristics of the body, including the mode of performance of functions, the activity of metabolic processes, the manner and degree of reactions to stimuli, and power of resistance to the attack of pathogenic organisms.
Disorders caused by nutritional imbalance, either overnutrition or undernutrition, occurring in children ages 2 to 12 years.
The range or frequency distribution of a measurement in a population (of organisms, organs or things) that has not been selected for the presence of disease or abnormality.
The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
Methods for assessing flow through a system by injection of a known quantity of an indicator, such as a dye, radionuclide, or chilled liquid, into the system and monitoring its concentration over time at a specific point in the system. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
A state of insufficient flesh on the body usually defined as having a body weight less than skeletal and physical standards. Depending on age, sex, and genetic background, a BODY MASS INDEX of less than 18.5 is considered as underweight.
Essential dietary elements or organic compounds that are required in only small quantities for normal physiologic processes to occur.
A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to the nutritional status of a human population within a given geographic area. Data from these surveys are used in preparing NUTRITION ASSESSMENTS.
Morphological and physiological development of FETUSES.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
Statistical models in which the value of a parameter for a given value of a factor is assumed to be equal to a + bx, where a and b are constants. The models predict a linear regression.
A republic stretching from the Indian Ocean east to New Guinea, comprising six main islands: Java, Sumatra, Bali, Kalimantan (the Indonesian portion of the island of Borneo), Sulawesi (formerly known as the Celebes) and Irian Jaya (the western part of New Guinea). Its capital is Djakarta. The ethnic groups living there are largely Chinese, Arab, Eurasian, Indian, and Pakistani; 85% of the peoples are of the Islamic faith.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
Fatty tissue in the region of the ABDOMEN. It includes the ABDOMINAL SUBCUTANEOUS FAT and the INTRA-ABDOMINAL FAT.
Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.
Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.
Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.
Glucose in blood.
A status with BODY WEIGHT that is above certain standard of acceptable or desirable weight. In the scale of BODY MASS INDEX, overweight is defined as having a BMI of 25.0-29.9 kg/m2. Overweight may or may not be due to increases in body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE), hence overweight does not equal "over fat".
The measurement of the dimensions of the HEAD.
A generic term for fats and lipoids, the alcohol-ether-soluble constituents of protoplasm, which are insoluble in water. They comprise the fats, fatty oils, essential oils, waxes, phospholipids, glycolipids, sulfolipids, aminolipids, chromolipids (lipochromes), and fatty acids. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
Those characteristics that distinguish one SEX from the other. The primary sex characteristics are the OVARIES and TESTES and their related hormones. Secondary sex characteristics are those which are masculine or feminine but not directly related to reproduction.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
Fatty tissue inside the ABDOMINAL CAVITY, including visceral fat and retroperitoneal fat. It is the most metabolically active fat in the body and easily accessible for LIPOLYSIS. Increased visceral fat is associated with metabolic complications of OBESITY.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
Nutrition of a mother which affects the health of the FETUS and INFANT as well as herself.
The status of health in rural populations.
The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.
Decrease in existing BODY WEIGHT.
A republic in southern Africa east of ZAMBIA and MOZAMBIQUE. Its capital is Lilongwe. It was formerly called Nyasaland.
Products in capsule, tablet or liquid form that provide dietary ingredients, and that are intended to be taken by mouth to increase the intake of nutrients. Dietary supplements can include macronutrients, such as proteins, carbohydrates, and fats; and/or MICRONUTRIENTS, such as VITAMINS; MINERALS; and PHYTOCHEMICALS.
Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
A group of people with a common cultural heritage that sets them apart from others in a variety of social relationships.
The processes and properties of living organisms by which they take in and balance the use of nutritive materials for energy, heat production, or building material for the growth, maintenance, or repair of tissues and the nutritive properties of FOOD.
Acquired or learned food preferences.
Food processed and manufactured for the nutritional health of children in their first year of life.
The age of the conceptus, beginning from the time of FERTILIZATION. In clinical obstetrics, the gestational age is often estimated as the time from the last day of the last MENSTRUATION which is about 2 weeks before OVULATION and fertilization.
Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Europe.
An infant having a birth weight lower than expected for its gestational age.
The ability to carry out daily tasks and perform physical activities in a highly functional state, often as a result of physical conditioning.
Female parents, human or animal.
Proteins obtained from foods. They are the main source of the ESSENTIAL AMINO ACIDS.
Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the southeastern and eastern areas of the Asian continent.
Diminished effectiveness of INSULIN in lowering blood sugar levels: requiring the use of 200 units or more of insulin per day to prevent HYPERGLYCEMIA or KETOSIS.
Pathological conditions involving the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM including the HEART; the BLOOD VESSELS; or the PERICARDIUM.
Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
A period in the human life in which the development of the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal system takes place and reaches full maturity. The onset of synchronized endocrine events in puberty lead to the capacity for reproduction (FERTILITY), development of secondary SEX CHARACTERISTICS, and other changes seen in ADOLESCENT DEVELOPMENT.
Physical activity which is usually regular and done with the intention of improving or maintaining PHYSICAL FITNESS or HEALTH. Contrast with PHYSICAL EXERTION which is concerned largely with the physiologic and metabolic response to energy expenditure.
Records of nutrient intake over a specific period of time, usually kept by the patient.
The amounts of various substances in food needed by an organism to sustain healthy life.
A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.
In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.
Abstaining from all food.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
Countries in the process of change with economic growth, that is, an increase in production, per capita consumption, and income. The process of economic growth involves better utilization of natural and human resources, which results in a change in the social, political, and economic structures.
Typical way of life or manner of living characteristic of an individual or group. (From APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)
Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Africa.
A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.
A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.
Anemia characterized by decreased or absent iron stores, low serum iron concentration, low transferrin saturation, and low hemoglobin concentration or hematocrit value. The erythrocytes are hypochromic and microcytic and the iron binding capacity is increased.
Measurable and quantifiable biological parameters (e.g., specific enzyme concentration, specific hormone concentration, specific gene phenotype distribution in a population, presence of biological substances) which serve as indices for health- and physiology-related assessments, such as disease risk, psychiatric disorders, environmental exposure and its effects, disease diagnosis, metabolic processes, substance abuse, pregnancy, cell line development, epidemiologic studies, etc.
Diabetes mellitus induced by PREGNANCY but resolved at the end of pregnancy. It does not include previously diagnosed diabetics who become pregnant (PREGNANCY IN DIABETICS). Gestational diabetes usually develops in late pregnancy when insulin antagonistic hormones peaks leading to INSULIN RESISTANCE; GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE; and HYPERGLYCEMIA.
A 51-amino acid pancreatic hormone that plays a major role in the regulation of glucose metabolism, directly by suppressing endogenous glucose production (GLYCOGENOLYSIS; GLUCONEOGENESIS) and indirectly by suppressing GLUCAGON secretion and LIPOLYSIS. Native insulin is a globular protein comprised of a zinc-coordinated hexamer. Each insulin monomer containing two chains, A (21 residues) and B (30 residues), linked by two disulfide bonds. Insulin is used as a drug to control insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (DIABETES MELLITUS, TYPE 1).
The physical activity of a human or an animal as a behavioral phenomenon.
Any substances taken in by the body that provide nourishment.
An infant having a birth weight of 2500 gm. (5.5 lb.) or less but INFANT, VERY LOW BIRTH WEIGHT is available for infants having a birth weight of 1500 grams (3.3 lb.) or less.
The amount of mineral per square centimeter of BONE. This is the definition used in clinical practice. Actual bone density would be expressed in grams per milliliter. It is most frequently measured by X-RAY ABSORPTIOMETRY or TOMOGRAPHY, X RAY COMPUTED. Bone density is an important predictor for OSTEOPOROSIS.
The chemical reactions involved in the production and utilization of various forms of energy in cells.
A subclass of DIABETES MELLITUS that is not INSULIN-responsive or dependent (NIDDM). It is characterized initially by INSULIN RESISTANCE and HYPERINSULINEMIA; and eventually by GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE; HYPERGLYCEMIA; and overt diabetes. Type II diabetes mellitus is no longer considered a disease exclusively found in adults. Patients seldom develop KETOSIS but often exhibit OBESITY.
A heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by HYPERGLYCEMIA and GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE.
A pathological state in which BLOOD GLUCOSE level is less than approximately 140 mg/100 ml of PLASMA at fasting, and above approximately 200 mg/100 ml plasma at 30-, 60-, or 90-minute during a GLUCOSE TOLERANCE TEST. This condition is seen frequently in DIABETES MELLITUS, but also occurs with other diseases and MALNUTRITION.
PRESSURE of the BLOOD on the ARTERIES and other BLOOD VESSELS.
A 16-kDa peptide hormone secreted from WHITE ADIPOCYTES. Leptin serves as a feedback signal from fat cells to the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM in regulation of food intake, energy balance, and fat storage.
The oxygen-carrying proteins of ERYTHROCYTES. They are found in all vertebrates and some invertebrates. The number of globin subunits in the hemoglobin quaternary structure differs between species. Structures range from monomeric to a variety of multimeric arrangements.
Fats present in food, especially in animal products such as meat, meat products, butter, ghee. They are present in lower amounts in nuts, seeds, and avocados.
Results of conception and ensuing pregnancy, including LIVE BIRTH; STILLBIRTH; SPONTANEOUS ABORTION; INDUCED ABORTION. The outcome may follow natural or artificial insemination or any of the various ASSISTED REPRODUCTIVE TECHNIQUES, such as EMBRYO TRANSFER or FERTILIZATION IN VITRO.
The consumption of edible substances.
The number of males and females in a given population. The distribution may refer to how many men or women or what proportion of either in the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.
A cluster of metabolic risk factors for CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES and TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS. The major components of metabolic syndrome X include excess ABDOMINAL FAT; atherogenic DYSLIPIDEMIA; HYPERTENSION; HYPERGLYCEMIA; INSULIN RESISTANCE; a proinflammatory state; and a prothrombotic (THROMBOSIS) state. (from AHA/NHLBI/ADA Conference Proceedings, Circulation 2004; 109:551-556)
Country located in EUROPE. It is bordered by the NORTH SEA, BELGIUM, and GERMANY. Constituent areas are Aruba, Curacao, Sint Maarten, formerly included in the NETHERLANDS ANTILLES.
A vitamin that includes both CHOLECALCIFEROLS and ERGOCALCIFEROLS, which have the common effect of preventing or curing RICKETS in animals. It can also be viewed as a hormone since it can be formed in SKIN by action of ULTRAVIOLET RAYS upon the precursors, 7-dehydrocholesterol and ERGOSTEROL, and acts on VITAMIN D RECEPTORS to regulate CALCIUM in opposition to PARATHYROID HORMONE.
Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.
The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.
A test to determine the ability of an individual to maintain HOMEOSTASIS of BLOOD GLUCOSE. It includes measuring blood glucose levels in a fasting state, and at prescribed intervals before and after oral glucose intake (75 or 100 g) or intravenous infusion (0.5 g/kg).
The gradual irreversible changes in structure and function of an organism that occur as a result of the passage of time.
Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.
A subtype of striated muscle, attached by TENDONS to the SKELETON. Skeletal muscles are innervated and their movement can be consciously controlled. They are also called voluntary muscles.
Minor hemoglobin components of human erythrocytes designated A1a, A1b, and A1c. Hemoglobin A1c is most important since its sugar moiety is glucose covalently bound to the terminal amino acid of the beta chain. Since normal glycohemoglobin concentrations exclude marked blood glucose fluctuations over the preceding three to four weeks, the concentration of glycosylated hemoglobin A is a more reliable index of the blood sugar average over a long period of time.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)

The PRIME study: classical risk factors do not explain the severalfold differences in risk of coronary heart disease between France and Northern Ireland. Prospective Epidemiological Study of Myocardial Infarction. (1/4618)

We are studying the contribution of risk and genetic factors, and their interaction, to the development of ischaemic heart disease (IHD) and other cardiovascular endpoints. The study is prospective, based in three centres in the south, east and north of France and in Northern Ireland. A total of 10,592 men aged 50-59 years were recruited from 1991 to 1993, and examined for evidence of IHD at baseline. Subjects are followed annually by questionnaire. Clinical information is validated from hospital and GP records. Demographic characteristics were similar in all four centres. Body mass index was highest in Strasbourg (mean 27.4 kg/m2 vs. 26.3 kg/m2 in Toulouse and Belfast), but total cholesterol, triglyceride and fibrinogen were highest in Belfast. In Belfast, 6.1% reported having had a coronary angiogram, compared to 3.0% in Toulouse. Conversely, 13.8% in Toulouse reported taking lipid-lowering drugs vs. 1.6% in Belfast. As predicted, a history of myocardial infarction (MI) was highest in Belfast (6.1%) and lowest in Toulouse (1.2%). Some 7.1% of Belfast men reported a medical diagnosis of angina vs. 1.5% in Toulouse. Subjects showing evidence of pre-existing IHD will be studied prospectively but treated in the analysis as an additional variable. These results provide a measure of reassurance that these cohorts are representative of the communities from which they are drawn and provide a reliable baseline for prospective evaluation and cross-sectional comparisons. The levels of the classical risk factors found in this study, particularly when examined in combination, as multiple logistic functions based on previous British studies, are very similar between centres and cannot explain the large differences in the incidence of IHD which exist. Additional risk factors may help explain, at least in part, the major differences in incidence of IHD between these study centres.  (+info)

Near infra-red interactance for nutritional assessment of dialysis patients. (2/4618)

BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is a common problem in dialysis patients and may affect up to one-third of patients. Near-infrared interactance (NIR) is a novel approach to estimate body composition and per cent total body fat. METHODS: We used near-infrared interactance (Futrex 5000) to estimate the body composition including body fat percentage, as well as subjective global assessment (SGA), anthropometric measurements including mid-arm circumference (MAC), triceps and biceps skinfold thickness, calculated mid-arm muscle circumference (MAMC), body mass index (BMI), and laboratory values. NIR score, SGA assessment and anthropometric parameters were measured shortly after the end of a dialysis session. NIR measurement was made by placing a Futrex sensor on the nonaccess upper arm for several seconds. Serum albumin, transferrin (reflected by total iron binding capacity), and total cholesterol concentrations were performed as well. RESULTS: Thirty-four patients (20 men and 14 women) were selected from a pool of 120 haemodialysis patients. Their ages ranged from 26 to 86 years (58+/-14 years). Time on dialysis ranged from 8 months to 19 years (4.5+/-4.6 years). NIR scores were significantly different in three SGA groups: (A) well-nourished, 32.5+/-6.9%; (B) mildly to moderately malnourished, 29.2+/-5.3%; and (C) severely malnourished, 23.2+/-10.2% (P<0.001). Pearson correlation coefficients (r) between the NIR score and nutritionally relevant parameters were significant (P<0.001) for body mass index (r=+0.81), mid-arm circumference (r=+0.74), triceps skin fold (r=+0.54), biceps skin fold (r=+0.55), and mid-arm muscle circumference (r=+0.54). An inverse correlation was also found between NIR and years dialysed (r=-0.49, P=0.004), denoting a lesser body fat percentage according to NIR for patients dialysed longer. NIR was correlated with serum transferrin (r=+0.41, P=0.016) and cholesterol (r=+0.39, P=0.022) and marginally with serum albumin (r=+0.29, P=0.097). CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that NIR, which can be performed within seconds, may serve as an objective indicator of nutritional status in haemodialysis patients. More comparative and longitudinal studies are needed to confirm the validity of NIR measurements in nutritional evaluation of dialysis patients.  (+info)

Variation in subglottic size in children. (3/4618)

The incidence of variation in the subglottic size was investigated in 3304 infants and children. A mild degree of congenital subglottic stenosis was found in 0.91% and a moderate degree of stenosis in 0.06% of the patients. A mild degree of congenital subglottic enlargement was noted in 0.7% and moderate enlargement in 0.06% of the patients.  (+info)

GH-binding protein in obese men with varying glucose tolerance: relationship to body fat distribution, insulin secretion and the GH-IGF-I axis. (4/4618)

Bioelectrical impedance for measurement of total body fat and computed tomography for visceral and subcutaneous fat at umbilicus levels were performed in 34 obese and 10 lean men. Insulin secretion in response to an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) and a GH stimulation test by L-dopa, growth hormone-binding protein (GHBP) and IGF-I were measured. Obese subjects were divided into three groups according to the OGTT. The obese type II diabetes mellitus group had the highest GHBP levels and the most visceral fat. GHBP levels were most strongly correlated with the ratio of visceral fat area to body weight (VWR) above any other parameters (r = 0.725, P<0.001). The insulin and free fatty acid (FFA) areas under curves (AUC) during the OGTT, and the IGF-I level, were also positively correlated with GHBP levels (r = 0.474, P<0.005; r = 0.572, P<0.005; r = 0.453. P<0.005). GH-AUC to the L-dopa stimulation test was negatively correlated with GHBP levels (r = -0.432. P<0.005). Stepwise multiple linear regression analysis showed that VWR, FFA-AUC and insulin-AUC significantly contributed to the variability of GHBP (r2 = 0.58). In conclusion, we demonstrated that: (i) visceral fat amount mainly determined GHBP levels in obese men with varying glucose tolerance: (ii) hyperglycemia per se did not influence the GHBP level, whereas insulin and FFA could play a role in regulation of GHBP: and (iii) although GH was not the main regulator of GHBP, the unchanged IGF-I level despite GH hyposecretion suggests that increased GHBP levels reflect GH hypersensitivity in order to compensate for decreased GH secretion in obesity.  (+info)

Analysis of the relationship between fasting serum leptin levels and estimates of beta-cell function and insulin sensitivity in a population sample of 380 healthy young Caucasians. (5/4618)

OBJECTIVE: Circulating leptin levels correlate positively with the degree of obesity and prolonged hyperinsulinaemia increases serum leptin levels. Moreover, insulin secreting beta-cells express functional leptin receptors indicating a functional relationship between leptin and insulin. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between fasting serum leptin levels and measures of insulin sensitivity and beta-cell function in a population-based sample of 380 young healthy Caucasians. DESIGN AND METHODS: Multiple regression analysis was employed to analyse the relationship between fasting serum leptin levels and levels of fasting serum insulin, insulin sensitivity index and acute insulin response (AIR) in a population-based study of 380 young healthy Caucasians who underwent a combined intravenous glucose and tolbutamide tolerance test. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Serum leptin levels were positively correlated to measures of adiposity and were 3.2 times higher in women than in men (P<0.00001). In multiple regression analyses adjusting for age, percentage body fat, waist circumference and maximal aerobic capacity, a significant positive correlation was observed between the fasting serum leptin concentrations and both fasting serum insulin levels (P<0.0001) and AIR (P = 0.014) for women. No significant interrelation of these variables was found in men. However, for both genders a significant negative correlation was observed between fasting serum leptin levels and measures of insulin sensitivity index (P = 0.007).  (+info)

Age, sex, and smoking are predictors of circulating insulin-like growth factor 1 and insulin-like growth factor-binding protein 3. (6/4618)

PURPOSE: Insulin-like growth factor (IGF-1) and its major binding protein (IGF-BP3) have recently been implicated in the pathogenesis of several malignancies. However, anthropometric and lifestyle predictors of these hormones have not been elucidated. Here we report the results of a cross-sectional study. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study examines the relationship of a series of epidemiologic parameters (age, sex, height, body mass index, smoking, alcohol consumption, and coffee drinking) with IGF-1 and IGF-BP3 in a sample of 130 healthy adults. RESULTS: We observed that serum levels of IGF-1 are higher, whereas levels of IGF-BP3 are lower, in men than in women. In addition, serum levels of IGF-1 are independently and negatively associated with age and positively associated with pack-year history of smoking. Finally, serum levels of IGF-BP3 are independently and negatively associated with the number of cigarettes smoked per day or pack-year history of smoking. CONCLUSION: Age, sex, and smoking are independent predictors of IGF-1 and/or IGF-BP3. The influence of these epidemiologic variables on the pathogenesis of disease states associated with IGF-1 and IGF-BP3 warrants further exploration.  (+info)

Extent and composition of coronary lesions in relation to fat distribution in women younger than 50 years of age. (7/4618)

To ascertain the relationship between the extent and composition of coronary arterial lesions and the regional distribution of fat in healthy women younger than 50 years of age, a series of 30 forensic autopsy cases were investigated. Body height and weight, waist and hip circumferences, and the thickness of the subscapular and abdominal subcutaneous fat were measured; the body mass index (BMI) and waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) were calculated, and omental and mesenteric fat deposits were weighed. The extent of coronary lesions was measured by planimetry, and the thickness of the intima-media was measured by computerized image analysis. Intimal macrophage foam cells and smooth muscle cells were detected by immunohistochemistry, and macrophages were quantified. The intima media thickness in the left anterior descending artery, circumflex artery, and right coronary artery varied significantly across the tertiles of WHR when age and BMI were adjusted, being highest when WHR exceeded 0.87. The thickest lesions also contained the largest numbers of macrophage foam cells. The intima-media thicknesses were highest with increased amounts of intraperitoneal fat. These results indicate that the severity of clinically silent coronary lesions in younger female individuals is associated with increased WHR and increased amounts of intraperitoneal fat. These results emphasize the importance of WHR as a coronary risk indicator in younger women.  (+info)

Racial differences in amounts of visceral adipose tissue in young adults: the CARDIA (Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults) study. (8/4618)

BACKGROUND: In several white populations, visceral adipose tissue (VAT) is a risk factor for development of type 2 diabetes and dyslipidemia. VAT can be accurately assessed by computed topography or magnetic resonance imaging, but is also estimated from anthropometric variables, such as waist-to-hip ratio, waist circumference, or sagittal diameter. To date, anthropometric variables have been used largely in whites and inadequate data are available to evaluate the validity of these variables in other groups. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to 1) determine whether amount of VAT in relation to total body fatness differs in different race and sex groups and 2) determine which anthropometric variables predict amount of VAT in different race and sex groups. DESIGN: We determined the amount and location of body fat, including assessment of VAT by computed tomography, in young adult white and black men and women participating in the 10-y follow-up of the CARDIA (Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults) Study. RESULTS: Black men had less visceral fat (73.1+/-35.9 cm2) than white men (99.3+/-40 cm2), even when VAT was corrected for total body fatness. Black women were more obese than white women and thus had more visceral fat (75.1+/-37.5 compared with 58.6+/-35.9 cm2, respectively). This difference disappeared when corrected for total body fatness. CONCLUSIONS: Both waist circumference and sagittal diameter were good predictors of VAT in all groups. However, the nature of this relation differed such that race- and sex-specific equations will likely be required to estimate VAT from waist circumference or sagittal diameter.  (+info)

Maternal anthropometry and pregnancy outcomes: a WHO collaborative study , Maternal anthropometry and pregnancy outcomes: a WHO collaborative study , کتابخانه دیجیتال دانشگاه علوم پزشکی اصفهان
pectoralis, axillar, triceps, subscapular, abdomen, suprailiac, front thigh, and medial calf) using a skin-fold calliper (Harpenden skinfold caliper, Baty International Ltd) and recorded to the nearest 0.2 mm. An anthropometric equation [53] using body stature, corrected upper arm and thigh girth, sex, age and race of the participants was used to estimate skeletal muscle mass in kg. Fat-free mass (kg) was estimated using an equation for male [54] Lazertinib order and female [55] athletes. Fat mass (kg) was determined based on subtracting fat-free mass from total body mass. Percent body fat was estimated using a specific equation for men [56] and women [57]. Hydration status was classified according to the criteria established by Noakes et al. [11] with overhydration classified as any weight gain above initial body mass, euhydration as a decrease in body mass of 0.01% to 3.0%, and dehydration as any decrease in body mass greater than 3.0%. The changes of the volume of the right foot were ...
Sensitivity Test Of Mid-arm Muscle Area And Upper Arm Circumference To Assess Nutritional Status In Patient With Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (all) Induction Phase,GJRA - Global Journal For Research Analysis(GJRA) GJRA is a double reviewed monthly print journal that accepts research works. 36572+ Manuscript submission, 9855+ Research Paper Published, 100+ Articles from over 100 Countries
Anthropometric measurements include: weight (including birth weight), height/length, knee height (a proxy for height), mid-upper arm circumference, head circumference, waist circumference, and calf circumference. These can be used to calculate indices to identify low birth weight, stunting, wasting, BMI, head circumference for age, and acute malnutrition. FANTA, Food And Nutrition Technical Assistance project of USAID, developed a detailed guide to anthropometric data[1], including an overview of types of anthropometric data; details and classifications for children from 0-5, youth from 5-19, pregnant and postpartum women and girls, and adults 18 years and older; measurement protocols and equipment guidance. ...
Alcohol dependence is a severe mental illness and there is a need for more effective preventive and therapeutic strategies. Translational research suggests that intrauterine sex hormone exposure modulates the risk and course of alcohol dependence during adulthood. During development, sex hormones permanently shape sexually dimorphic body dimensions. Thus, these dimensions may provide insight into sex hormone organization. Here, we compared body measurements (absolute, relative to, and residualized on height) between 200 alcohol-dependent in-patients and 240 age-matched healthy control subjects and investigated how these measurements associate with the patients’ prospective 12- and 24-month outcome. The results show that alcohol dependence is related to lower absolute, relative, and residualized body measurements for height and weight, head circumference, bitragion head arc, lip-chin distance, hip, thigh, and calf circumference, and foot length and breadth. In male alcohol-dependent in-patients,
Methods As part of EPIPorto population-based study among adults, 147 men aged between 40 and 65 years were assessed. Age, height, weight, body mass index and several body circumferences were recorded by trained observers. DXA whole-body scans were performed for BMD assessment. For the calibration of OST and MORES, new regression parameters were estimated for each risk factor included accounting for their prevalence and also for the prevalence of low BMD in our population. For EPIPOST development, the different anthropometric variables were tested using logistic regression models to predict low BMD. EPIPOST validation was done by the leave-one-out cross-validation method. The overall fit and discriminatory capacity of the different models were assessed by direct comparison of the observed and expected prevalences of low BMD by quartiles of each score, Hosmer-Lemeshow goodness-of-fit test and area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. Finally, likelihood ratios (LR) were ...
Background: The study of the relationship between anthropometry and visceral adipose tissue (VAT) is of great interest because VAT is associated with many risk factors for noncommunicable diseases and anthropometry is easy to perform in clinical practice. The studies hitherto available for children have, however, been performed on small sample sizes. Design: Pooling of the data of studies published from 1992 to 2004 as indexed on Medline. Aims: To assess the relationship between anthropometry and VAT and subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) as measured by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in children and to analyze the effect of age, gender, pubertal status and ethnicity. Subjects and methods: Eligible subjects were 7-16 year-old, with availability of VAT and SAT, gender, ethnicity, body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC). A total of 497 subjects were collected from seven different investigators and 407 of them (178 Caucasians and 229 Hispanics) were analyzed. Results: Despite ethnic ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Anthropometric factors and risk of endometrial cancer. T2 - The European prospective investigation into cancer and nutrition. AU - Friedenreich, Christine. AU - Cust, Anne. AU - Lahmann, Petra H.. AU - Steindorf, Karen. AU - Boutron-Ruault, Marie Christine. AU - Clavel-Chapelon, Françoise. AU - Mesrine, Sylvie. AU - Linseisen, Jakob. AU - Rohrmann, Sabine. AU - Boeing, Heiner. AU - Pischon, Tobias. AU - Tjønneland, Anne. AU - Halkjær, Jytte. AU - Overvad, Kim. AU - Mendez, Michelle. AU - Redondo, M. L.. AU - Garcia, Carmen Martinez. AU - Larrañaga, Nerea. AU - Tormo, María José. AU - Gurrea, Aurelio Barricarte. AU - Bingham, Sheila. AU - Khaw, Kay Tee. AU - Allen, Naomi. AU - Key, Tim. AU - Trichopoulou, Antonia. AU - Vasilopoulou, Effie. AU - Trichopoulos, Dimitrios. AU - Pala, Valeria. AU - Palli, Domenico. AU - Tumino, Rosario. AU - Mattiello, Amalia. AU - Vineis, Paolo. AU - Bueno-de-Mesquita, H. Bas. AU - Peeters, Petra H M. AU - Berglund, Göran. AU - Manjer, ...
Im looking to apply to do the pilots course in the near future. However, I know that you have to fall within certain body dimensions to enable you to...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Az elhízásról - A gyakorló orvos szemszögébol. AU - Juhász, Attila. AU - Katona, Evelin. AU - Csongrádi, Éva. AU - Paragh, György. PY - 2006/4/2. Y1 - 2006/4/2. N2 - Overweight and obesity are worldwide problems, its health and psychosocial burden on the individual and on society are tromendous. Diagnosing obesity is rather easy, and is based on simple anthropometric measurements, such as body weight, height and waist circumference. The different classes of obesity are determined by body mass index, which, together with waist circumference and comorbid conditions and other risk factors determine the individual risk for mortality and morbidity. Obesity is due to genetic and environmental factors, mainly is the consequence of excess calorie intake and sedentary lifestyle. The fat mass of the body is under neuroendocrine control, the central controller is the hypothalamus. Leptin, produced by adipocytes in proportion to fat mass, is the afferent signal to the hypothalamus. ...
With this anthropometry, the application of ergonomics in the manufacture of furniture products can be easily achieved. This measurement aims to determine the shape of the body dimensions, so that products designed are more suitable and can provide comfort to the user.
A non-pharmacological diagnostic approach to study correlation between anthropometric indices and lipid profile in adult females-A review-IJCAAP-Print ISSN No:-2581-5555 Online ISSN No:-2456-9542Article DOI No:-10.18231/2456-9542.2018.0019,IP International Journal of Comprehensive and Advanced Pharmacology-IP Innovativ
Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of Comparison with the methods for measuring body fat and investigation of interrelationships between anthropometry and body fat in adults. Together they form a unique fingerprint. ...
Statistical methodologies especially developed to analyze anthropometric data. These methods are aimed at providing effective solutions to some commons problems related to Ergonomics and Anthropometry. They are based on clustering, the statistical concept of data depth, statistical shape analysis and archetypal analysis. Please see Vinue (2017) ,doi:10.18637/jss.v077.i06,.. ...
Statistical methodologies especially developed to analyze anthropometric data. These methods are aimed at providing effective solutions to some commons problems related to Ergonomics and Anthropometry. They are based on clustering, the statistical concept of data depth, statistical shape analysis and archetypal analysis. Please see Vinue (2017) ,doi:10.18637/jss.v077.i06,.. ...
Epidemiological evidence implicating anthropometric risk factors in breast cancer aetiology is accumulating. For premenopausal women, breast cancer risk increases with increasing height, but decreases with higher weight or body mass index, and no association with increased central adiposity exists. …
TY - CONF. T1 - Nutrient intake of pregnant women with type 1 diabetes in the DAPIT trial: relationships with anthropometry and glycaemic control.. AU - Hill, Alyson AU - Patterson, Christopher. AU - Holmes, Valerie. AU - Young, Ian. AU - McCance, David. PY - 2014. Y1 - 2014. M3 - Poster. SP - 148. T2 - Diabetes UK Annual Professional Conference. Y2 - 5 March 2014 through 7 March 2014. ER - ...
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A manual of anthropometry, or, A guide to the physical examination and measurement of the human body : containing a systematic table of measurements, an anthropometrical chart or register, and instructions for making measurement on a uniform plan / by Charles Roberts.
Studies have indicated that variations in anthropometry vary not only from region to region but within the region as well which must be considered while designing of furn..
The Anthropometry Kit can take the measurements needed to detect stunting because you will get the appropriate anthropometric measuring...
Wells, M, Goldstein, L N and Bentley, A Development and validation of a method to estimate body weight in critically ill children using length and mid-arm circumference measurements: The PAWPER XL-MAC system. SAMJ, S. Afr. med. j., Nov 2017, vol.107, no.11, p.1015-1021. ISSN 0256- ...
CiteSeerX - Scientific articles matching the query: Computer Assisted Estimation of Anthropometric Parameters from Whole Body Scanner Data
An Ergonomic approach: A good architect always provides a soothing environment and is peaceful. It gets adjusted according to your psychological need. The professional architecture will always provide user-friendly services. They are well versed in the science of anthropometry as well. Now you must be wondering what anthropometry is? Let me tell you anthropometry is the scientific study of measurements and proportions of the human body. This professional architectural service providers are a trained eye and will also keep your unrealistic demands in check. They very well know how they can match the scale and proportion of the space to its decoration and furniture, which will always work according to your favour ...
Diet, composition of nutrients in the body and normal metabolic integrity is the requirement of human health and represented by nutritional status. Th..
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Among 26,016 subjects with metabolic syndrome, 4639 (27.5%), 6650 (39.4%), 4089 (24.2%), 5687 (33.7%), 8933 (52.9%), and 11,903 (70.5%) subjects had high
Survey: Cross-sectional - De facto - De jure - GPS coordinates (GIS) - Household - Individual - Interview - Nationally representative - Subnationally representative - Urban-rural representative ...
Amalia Mattiello, Giovanna Tagliabue, Petra H. Peeters, Roel Vermeulen, Elisabete Weiderpass, Inger Torhild Gram, José María Huerta, Antonio Agudo, María José Sánchez, Eva Ardanaz, Miren Dorronsoro, José Ramón Quirós, Emily Sonestedt, Mikael Johansson, Kjell Grankvist, Tim Key, Kay Tee Khaw, Nick Wareham, Amanda J. Cross, Teresa Norat, Elio Riboli, Anouar Fanidi, David Muller, H.B. Bueno-De-Mesquita ...
Study of the structure and function of the human body (and mind), encompassing the subjects of morphology, anthropometry, human variation, biolinguistics, auxology, behavioral neuroscience, etc.
The two anthropometric indicators of acute malnutrition in children under 5 years, i.e. a Mid-Upper Arm Circumference | 125 mm (MUAC125) or a Weight-for-Height Z-score|−2 (WHZ−2), correlate poorly. We aimed at assessing the contribution of age, sex, stunting (Height-for-Age HAZ|−2), and low sitting-standing height ratio Z-score (SSRZ in the 1st tertile of the study population, called hereafter longer legs) to this diagnosis discrepancy. Data from 16 cross-sectional nutritional surveys carried out by Action Against Hunger International in South Sudan, the Philippines, Chad, and Bangladesh fed multilevel, multivariate regression models, with either WHZ−2 or MUAC125 as the dependent variable and age, sex, stunting, and longer legs as the independent ones. We also compared how the performance of MUAC125 and WHZ−2 to detect slim children, i.e. children with a low Weight-for-Age (WAZ|−2) but no linear growth retardation (HAZ≥−2), was modified by the contributors. Overall 23.1 % of the 14
Diet is a modifiable factor that can contribute to the health of pregnant women. In a sample of 577 HIV-positive pregnant women who completed baseline interviews for the Breastfeeding, Antiretrovirals, and Nutrition Study in Lilongwe, Malawi, cluster analysis was used to derive dietary patterns. Multiple regression analysis was used to identify associations between the dietary patterns and mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC), arm muscle area (AMA), arm fat area (AFA), and hemoglobin at baseline. Three key dietary patterns were identified: animal-based, plant-based, and grain-based. Women with relatively greater wealth were more likely to consume the animal-based diet, which had the highest intake of energy, protein, and fat and was associated with higher hemoglobin levels compared to the other diets. Women with the lowest wealth were more likely to consume the grain-based diet with the lowest intake of energy, protein, fat, and iron and were more likely to have lower AFA than women on the animal-based
Diet is a modifiable factor that can contribute to the health of pregnant women. In a sample of 577 HIV-positive pregnant women who completed baseline interviews for the Breastfeeding, Antiretrovirals, and Nutrition Study in Lilongwe, Malawi, cluster analysis was used to derive dietary patterns. Multiple regression analysis was used to identify associations between the dietary patterns and mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC), arm muscle area (AMA), arm fat area (AFA), and hemoglobin at baseline. Three key dietary patterns were identified: animal-based, plant-based, and grain-based. Women with relatively greater wealth were more likely to consume the animal-based diet, which had the highest intake of energy, protein, and fat and was associated with higher hemoglobin levels compared to the other diets. Women with the lowest wealth were more likely to consume the grain-based diet with the lowest intake of energy, protein, fat, and iron and were more likely to have lower AFA than women on the ...
The anthropometry of the upper arm is a set of measurements of the shape of the upper arms. The principal anthropometry measures are the upper arm length, the triceps skin fold (TSF), and the (mid-)upper arm circumference ((M)UAC). The derived measures include the (mid-)upper arm muscle area ((M)UAMA), the (mid-)upper arm fat area ((M)UAFA), and the arm fat index. Although they are not directly convertible into measures of overall body fat weight and density, and research has questioned the connection between skinfold fat and deep body fat measurements, these measures are and have been used as rough indicators of body fat. Factors influencing the bone, fat, and muscle composition of the upper arm include age, sex, nutritional status, fitness training level, and race. The anthropometric measures of the upper arm are divided into principal measures, which are measured directly, and derived measures, which are derived from the principal measures using specific formulae and empirically-derived ...
Two hundred and fifty seven male Caucasian ultra endurance athletes were recruited, pre-race, before different swimming, cycling, running and triathlon races. Fat mass and skeletal muscle mass were estimated using bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) and anthropometric methods in order to investigate whether the use of BIA or anthropometry would be useful under field conditions. Total body fat estimated using BIA was significantly high (P , 0.001) compared with anthropometry. When the results between BIA and anthropometry were compared, moderate to low levels of agreement were found. These results were in accordance with the differences found in the Bland-Altman analysis, indicating that the anthropometric equation of Ball et al. had the highest level of agreement (Bias = -3.0 ± 5.8 kg) with BIA, using Stewart et al. (Bias = -6.4 ± 6.3 kg), Faulkner (Bias = -4.7 ± 5.8 kg)and Wilmore-Siri (Bias = -4.8 ± 6.2 kg). The estimation of skeletal muscle mass using BIA was significantly (P , 0.001) ...
INTRODUCTION: sports anaemia is a physiological activity that occurs amongst footballers and may be due to poor diet, over-training, as well as an increase in plasma volume in endurance training activities. High plasma volume leads to changes in haematological parameters that may impact on endurance of footballers. The objective of the study was to determine the correlation between haematological and an-thropometric indices and their role in sports anaemia in a tropical setting. METHODS: venous blood was taken into EDTA for 12 soccer players of KNUST soccer team before train-ing and after training for the first (W1) and fifth (W5) weeks of training sessions. Complete blood count analysis was done for each blood sample and anthropometric parameters such as height, weight, body mass index, body fat percent and lean body mass were also measured. Cross-tabulations with mean and standard deviation or median and range were computed. Paired t-test & and Mann-Whitney test for pa-rametric and non-parametric data
INTRODUCTION: sports anaemia is a physiological activity that occurs amongst footballers and may be due to poor diet, over-training, as well as an increase in plasma volume in endurance training activities. High plasma volume leads to changes in haematological parameters that may impact on endurance of footballers. The objective of the study was to determine the correlation between haematological and an-thropometric indices and their role in sports anaemia in a tropical setting. METHODS: venous blood was taken into EDTA for 12 soccer players of KNUST soccer team before train-ing and after training for the first (W1) and fifth (W5) weeks of training sessions. Complete blood count analysis was done for each blood sample and anthropometric parameters such as height, weight, body mass index, body fat percent and lean body mass were also measured. Cross-tabulations with mean and standard deviation or median and range were computed. Paired t-test & and Mann-Whitney test for pa-rametric and non-parametric data
Objective: Time-related changes and comparisons for mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC), triceps skinfold thickness (TSF), arm fat area (AFA) are lacking for Turkish children and adolescents. To determine the arm anthropometry indices (MUAC, TSF, AFA) in children and adolescents and to also assess the changes in these indices over a 3-year time period. ...
Key Points Evaluation of patients for obesity should include a complete history and physical examination Body mass index (BMI) cutpoints vary with race and ethnicity Waist circumference
Supplementary MaterialsSupplementary 1: Physique E1: immunohistochemical analyses of CD68 and CD163 expression in moderate and severe fibrotic lesions of IPF/UIP. 1 Characteristics of healthy volunteers and patients with IIPs. value 0.0001) (Supplementary Physique E2A and B). Open in a separate window Physique 1 Immunohistochemical analysis 2-Methoxyestradiol inhibitor of CD68 expression in IIPs. (a) CD68+ macrophages ( 0.05, ?? 0.01, and ???? 0.0001. 3.3. Morphological and Morphometric Analyses of CD163+ Macrophages in IIPs CD163+ macrophages showed a scattered distribution in normal control samples (Physique 2(a)). In the airspace neighboring the moderate lesions of IPF/UIP, numerous macrophages showed weak or no expression of CD163, although a few CD163+ macrophages were observed (Physique 2(b), Supplementary Physique E1E). In interstitial lesions of IPF/UIP, very few CD163+ macrophages were detected (Supplementary Physique E1G and H). In contrast, these cells were abundant in NSIP and COP ...
Body measurements were obtained on 575 preschool children at the Indian communities of Cross Lake and Garden Hill in northern Manitoba. Infectious diseases were common in the children but clinical signs of malnutrition were rare. Height, weight and head circumference measurements for age were similar to those reported from the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS)for U.S. children but weight for height, particularly in the girls, exceeded these standards. The children were not obese in that triceps fatfold thickness measurements were lower than those of British children. Mid-upper arm muscle areas were similar to those of U.S. children. Chest circumference measurements were greater than those reported for European children and the large chest size may have accounted for at least some of the increased weight for height.
If you were to purchase these programs separately, youd pay $295. But today, Im allowing them to be part of the Bodyweight Physique Academy.. When you join the Bodyweight Physique Academy youll know exactly what exercises to do and how to do them. Youll be able to exercise in the comfort of your own home and STILL get the amazing physique youve always wanted.. Your waist will shrink, your butt will tighten and your arms will get toned and strong.. And your entire body will transform into that lean, sexy bodyweight physique that every woman dreams of having.. Most people only dream of it… but for YOU… its a reality… because you are an action taker.. How much would you invest to achieve the body of your dreams?. If I were to charge an entrance fee of $295 to join the Bodyweight Physique Academy… Id be perfectly fine with it and YOUD be happy because isnt that well worth the benefits of getting a rock-hard, lean physique all in the comfort of your own living room?. However, Im not ...
Nationwide age references for sitting height, leg length, and sitting height/height ratio, and their diagnostic value for disproportionate growth disorders ...
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization currently defines severe acute malnutrition (SAM) in infants aged under 6 months of age using weight-for-length Z score (WLZ). Given widespread use of mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC) for identifying SAM in older children and weight-for-age (WAZ) for growth monitoring, there is increasing debate about the optimal anthropometric criteria to best identify infants u6m at-risk of mortality. OBJECTIVE: To determine the discriminatory value for mortality during the first 12 months of life of anthropometry taken at birth and at age two months (approximate age of routine vaccination). DESIGN: Data were analyzed from a birth cohort recruited between April and December of 2004 at four health facilities within Bansalogho District in Burkina Faso. Infants were followed up for 12 months. Mortality risks were estimated using hazards ratios (HR). Discriminatory value was assessed using receiver operating characteristic curves. RESULTS: Of 1,103 infants, 227 (21%) were low
Results Two-thirds of the children had received DTP at 2 months and 50 deaths occurred between the 2-month and 6-month visits. DTP vaccinated children had a better anthropometric status for all indices than DTP unvaccinated children. Small mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC) was the strongest predictor of mortality. The death rate ratio (DRR) for DTP vaccinated versus DTP unvaccinated children differed significantly for girls (DRR 2.45; 95% CI 0.93 to 6.45) and boys (DRR 0.53; 95% CI 0.23 to 1.20) (p=0.018, homogeneity test). Adjusting for MUAC, the overall effect for DTP vaccinated children was 2.62 (95% CI 1.34 to 5.09); DRR was 5.68 (95% CI 1.83 to 17.7) for girls and 1.29 (95% CI 0.56 to 2.97) for boys (p=0.023, homogeneity test). While anthropometric indices were a strong predictor of mortality among boys, there was little or no association for girls.. Conclusion Surprisingly, even though the children with the best nutritional status were vaccinated early, early DTP vaccination was ...
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Get information, facts, and pictures about anthropometry at Encyclopedia.com. Make research projects and school reports about anthropometry easy with credible articles from our FREE, online encyclopedia and dictionary.
Discussion. Anthropometric profiles were observed to differ between older adults in the same age range (71-81 years), born in different periods. Individuals in the more recent birth cohort (1927-1937) showed greater weight gain both in mean BMI and in prevalence of overweight as compared with individuals born in the older cohort (1916-1926). The effects of both birth cohort and age on anthropometric profile seem to have been greater among men than among women.. Despite the scarcity of international and Brazilian studies examining the evolution of body composition over time 5,6,7,21,22, particularly in the elderly population 23, some comparisons can be made. The findings of this study are consistent with the literature as regards the greater prevalence of overweight and obesity among women. In both 1997 and 2008, prevalence of overweight (BMI , 27kg/m2) was greater among women (37.3% in 1997 and 38.9% in 2008) than among men in the same years (respectively, 16% and 32.7%). Comparable prevalences ...
The International Dietary Energy Consultative Group, sponsored by the World Health Organization (WHO), has done most of the research conducted in the field of adult malnutrition in the late 1980s. These studies were carried out mainly in populations suffering from chronic malnutrition, and led to the current WHO recommendations for the diagnosis and classification of adult malnutrition. Body Mass Index (BMI) is the gold standard to be used in adults, with the following cut-off points identified: 16.0, 17.0 and 18.5. The good correlation observed between BMI and Middle Upper Arm Circumference (MUAC) led to the determination of corresponding cut-off points. However, the very few field studies available in the literature are in favor of a lowering of the BMI cut-off points during nutritional emergencies. Several questions need to be answered through field research, mainly concerning the type of indicator best predicting the risk of death, and the type of indicator to be used in adolescents, ...
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Studies on cardiovascular risks in relation to anthropometric factors are limited in Sub-Sahara Africa. The aims of this study were to examine the relationship between anthropometric parameters and blood pressure; and to evaluate body mass index (BMI
Introduction: Breast cancer remains the most common malignancy in women and the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in this gender. The disease in the indigenous African woman is associated with an inherent aggressive biology and worst clinical outcome. As the malignancy is a heterogeneous entity, each case must be individually categorized for efficient therapy. Current clinical practice employs the use of estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR), and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2), as biomarkers to appropriately select patients that would benefit from targeted therapy against these major molecular pathways of the disease. This study aims at establishing the ER, PR, and HER2 status of breast cancer in women visiting the Jos University Teaching Hospital. Materials and Methods: All histologically confirmed cases of breast cancer at the Jos University Teaching Hospital, between January 1, 2010, and December 31, 2012, with sufficient clinical records, were subjected ...
Background: For years stone quarrying and crushing have been known as highly hazardous work, whereby workers are affected by many debilitating occupational health hazards and diseases. In Nigeria, the majority of quarry workers comprise people who are employed for manual labor, often under-educated and hence are not well grounded in the knowledge of the occupational safety measures required for the job. Aim: The aim was to determine the level of awareness and compliance with use of safety protective devices and the patterns of injury among quarry workers in Sabon-Gari Local Government Area. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out among 74 quarry workers who were randomly selected using the cluster-sampling technique in Sabon-Gari Local Government Area. A pretested semistructured interviewer-administered questionnaire was used as the tool for data collection. Data was analyzed using SPSS version 19.0 and Epi-info 6.0. Results: All the 74 respondents interviewed ...
Fulltext - Anthropometric Indices as Determinants of Health Status among Primary School Children in the Delta South-Senatorial District, Delta State, Nigeria
LOMAGLIO, Delia et al. Perfil antropométrico en adultos del Noroeste Argentino. Rev Arg Antrop Biol [online]. 2015, vol.17, n.1, pp.7-18. ISSN 1514-7991.. From a bioanthropological point of view anthropometric measurements in adults are extensively used in the morphological evaluation of extinct Argentine populations. Most anthropometric studies in contemporary Argentine adults are limited to the assessment of height, weight and BMI. The aim of this study was to describe other anthropometric variables in northwestern Argentine (NWA) adults and to compare them with an international reference. Data on weight, height, circumferences (arm, thigh, leg, waist), and skinfolds (triceps, subscapular) come from 881 (526 women, 355 men) 20-60 year-old healthy individuals from different localities of Jujuy and Catamarca. Descriptive statistics (mean and SD) were calculated by sex and two age groups: 20-39 and 40-60 years. Comparisons were made with adults of Mexican origin from the United States (Centers ...
Bhowmik B, Munir SB, Ahmed KR, Siddiquee T, Diep LM, Wright E, Hassan Z, Debnath PR, Mahtab H, Azad Khan AK, Hussain A. Anthropometric indices of obesity and type 2 diabetes in Bangladeshi population: Chandra Rural Diabetes Study (CRDS). Obes Res Clin Pract. 2014; 8(3): e201-98 ...
Now that you know how that coveted V-taper physique should look, its time to start building one of your own. To help you achieve this body-sculpting goal, Rich Gaspari and Robert Timms will take you through an array of exercises that train both the back and the shoulders to create your Classic Physique.. This workout will accentuate that wide look up top with a small waist. To do that youve got to build an illusion. Youre going to work on exercises that will build the back and shoulders, says Gaspari.. When building the classic physique, whats really important is that you build those deltoids to make yourself as wide as possible. Back in the golden era I used to say, build your shoulders so wide you cant fit through a barn door.. ...
GONI, L. et al. Parity implications for anthropometrical variables, lifestyle behaviors and dietary habits in pregnant women. Anales Sis San Navarra [online]. 2014, vol.37, n.3, pp.349-362. ISSN 1137-6627. http://dx.doi.org/10.4321/S1137-66272014000300005.. Background: Maintaining an adequate health status and appropriate lifestyles during pregnancy is of great importance to prevent adverse outcomes for both mother and baby. The present study aimed to assess the nutritional status, socio-demographic features, lifestyle behaviors and dietary habits of pregnant women in Spain, and to identify the influence of parity on these profiles. Methods: This cross-sectional study included pregnant women from regions all over Spain. The information was collected through a 40 item questionnaire, previously validated, by community health professionals. Results: The 5,087 pregnant women analyzed had an average age of 31.9 years with an adequate nutritional status. The distribution of the sample was 56% ...
Inorganic semi-conductors have a simple construction and have made high-performance computers possible. In contrast, organic semi-conductors are complex but enable production of innovative electronic circuits, as vividly demonstrated by the first prototypes for roll-up screens. Yet these benefits of organic semi-conductors can only be fully harnessed when the response of their organic molecular layer - whose thinness is crucial in functional terms - is better understood. The national research network (NRN) Interface controlled and functionalised organic thin films of the Austrian Science Fund FWF is contributing to precisely this understanding.. MICROSCOPIC HEIGHT MEASUREMENT. In the latest issue of SCIENCE, a team from the NRN has now been able to show that organic molecules spread out on a carrier material in a previously unknown form to create thin electrically conductive films. As Prof. Christian Teichert from the Institute of Physics at the University of Leoben explains: Totally ...
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Supplementary MaterialsSupplementary Physique S1. molecular mechanisms of furanodienone on RKO or HT-29 colon cancer cells and control, #NAC+Fur Furanodienone induces apoptosis via activating MAPKs-mediated mitochondrial pathway dependent of ROS production The possible interlink between oxidative stress and MAPKs pathway in RKO and HT-29 cells were examined by western blotting. Furanodienone significantly induced the phosphorylations of p38 and Etomoxir (sodium salt) JNK in a dose-dependent manner, and unexpectedly, the expression of p-ERK was reduced (Physique 5a). The antioxidant NAC reduced p-p38, p-JNK and increased p-ERK levels in Physique 5b. However, expression of p38, JNK and ERK remained unchanged. We Rabbit Polyclonal to Akt (phospho-Thr308) further illuminated the relationship between MAPKs and furanodienone-induced caspase-dependent apoptosis. RKO cells were pretreated with three specific inhibitors, respectively, U0126 (an ERK inhibitor), SP600125 (a JNK inhibitor) and SB202190 (a ...
Journal de Physique Théorique et Appliquée, Journal de Physique Archives représente une mine dinformations facile à consulter sur la manière dont la physique a été publiée depuis 1872.
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Purpose.: To investigate the relationship between anthropometric parameters and diabetic retinopathy (DR) in adults with diabetes. Methods.: Five hundred participants with diabetes were recruited prospectively from ophthalmology clinics in Melbourne, Australia. Each underwent an eye examination, anthropometric measurements, and standardized interview-administered questionnaires, and fasting blood glucose and serum lipids were analyzed. Two-field fundus photographs were taken and graded for DR. Height; weight; body mass index (BMI); waist, hip, neck, and head circumferences; and skinfold measurements were recorded. Results.: A total of 492 patients (325 men, 66.1%) aged between 26 and 90 years (median, 65) were included in the analysis: 171 (34.8%), 187 (38.0%), and 134 (27.2%) with no DR, nonproliferative DR (NPDR), and proliferative DR (PDR), respectively. After multiple adjustments, higher BMI (odds ratio [OR], 1.06; 95% confidence interval [CI],1.01-1.11; P = 0.02) was significantly ...
Subjective study results are reported in Table 1.. Device use. The self-reported mean number of hours per day (h/d) that patients wore the AFOs was 13.26 h/d for the MAFOs (range, 8-16 h/d, with eight patients at 16 h/d) compared with 15.16 h/d (range, 10-16 h/d, with 16 patients at 16 h/d) for the KRAFOs. This difference was statistically significant (p , .001). (A patient response of waking hours was calculated as 16 h/d.). Functional improvement. The self-reported mean time to fatigue was nine hours in the MAFOs (range, 4-16 h, with one patient at 16 h) compared with 15.11 h (range, 10-16 h, with 16 patients at 16 h) in the KRAFO, a statistically significant difference (p , .001). Mean distance capacity reported for the MAFOs was 882.35 yards (range, 500 to 1000 yards, with 15 patients at 1000 yards) compared with 1000 yards (all 19 at 1000 yards) in the KRAFOs, a statistically significant difference (p = .041).. Ease of use. Patients gave the KRAFOs significantly higher ratings than the ...
The Anthropometry team manages anthropometric and body composition activities on a wide range of research projects in the University of Cambridge, as well as studies run by international collaborators.. The team ensures the collection of high quality body measurement data. The accuracy of measurements is achieved by developing standardised procedures, training and monitoring the performance of study team members, calibrating equipment and performing quality assurance (QA) and quality control (QC) workshops, where technical errors of measurement (TEM) are quantified.. The team also manages radiation protection processes, ensuring that the requirements of the IRR and IRMER regulations are met for the use of DEXA scans.. ...
When you start working out, you need to make sure that you do it in the right way. Without the right knowledge and guidance, you will end up getting undesired results. To avoid this you need to do it in the right way.. If you are a beginner, it is essential that you get advice and help on how to do the proper workouts. If you are thinking about getting a ripped and lean physique, you need to really think of your health and also use the best training.. There are various types of exercises that you can do out there to get a healthy and lean body. There are various tips and guides that you need to follow so that you get the physique that you want.. ...
Background/aim: Geographical distribution, ethnicity, and other socioeconomic factors may affect anthropometric measurements, and for that reason each society should determine their own measurements accounting for those factors. In this study, we aimed to determine the anthropometric measurements of healthy late preterm and term infants to compare the results with other national and international studies. ...
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Know about different methods to measure parts of the body, the equipment most accurate and adequate for it, learn and compare anthropometry equipment, prices, use and quality: body tape measures, segmometers, anthropometers, anthropometric kits.
2003). Bodyspace: Anthropometry, ergonomics and the design of work (2nd. ed.). Taylor & Francis. Page 159. Retrieved March 14, ... Anthropometry. Stephen Pheasant (1986), who taught anatomy, biomechanics and ergonomics at the Royal Free Hospital and the ...
"Anthropometry". City University of Hong Kong. Retrieved 1 September 2018.. ...
Jantz, Richard L. (2006). "Anthropometry". In Douglas H. Ubelaker (ed.). Handbook of North American Indians. Vol. 3. ... His research focuses primarily on forensic anthropology, skeletal biology, dermatoglyphics, anthropometry, anthropological ... and his study was widely seen as discrediting racial anthropometry. In 2002, Jantz conducted a reassessment of Boas' study, the ...
Singh's and Mohinder Kumar Bhasin's coauthored book Anthropometry (1968) was assessed by Edward Eyre Hunt Jr.. He viewed the ... eds.). "Reviewed Works: Practical Anthropology by Georges Olivier, M. A. MacConaill; Anthropometry by Indera P. Singh, M. K. ... Singh, Indera Paul; Bhasin, Mohinder Kumar (1968). Anthropometry. Delhi, India: Bharti Bhawan. LCCN 70909152. OCLC 1965040. ... approach of the authors as being similar to anthropometry's German subculture in spite of the book's origination at the ...
Anthropometry. Richard L. Jantz. Pages 777-788. Health and Disease. Kue Young. Pages 789-798. Admixture. Jeffrey C. Long. Pages ...
"Fencing Anthropometry". Top end Sport Statistic. Retrieved April 1, 2021. "Hua Hua Sport Fencing Training achievements Fencing ...
"Anthropometry and Biomechanics". Man-Systems Integration Standards. NASA. 2008-05-07. Retrieved 2009-10-25. "Bigelow Aerospace ...
Craniofacial anthropometry Mongoloid. (2012). Dictionary.com. Retrieved September 3, 2012, from link. American Association of ...
Somatology 51-59...........Anthropometry 62.8-265........Human variation (Including growth, physical form, skeleton, nervous ...
Anthropometry "Merriam-Webster Dictionary".. ...
AnthropometryEdit. Frontispiece from Bertillon's Identification anthropométrique (1893), demonstrating the measurements needed ... The French police officer Alphonse Bertillon was the first to apply the anthropological technique of anthropometry to law ... Alphonse Bertillon was a French criminologist and founder of Anthropometry (scientific study of measurements and proportions of ... the human body). He used anthropometry for identification, saying each individual is unique and by measuring aspect of physical ...
Essentials of anthropometry (1928) A Contribution to Samoan Somatology (1921) Anthropometry of the Siouan Tribes (1920) Racial ... "Anthropometry of the Siouan Tribes". Anthropological Papers of the American Museum of Natural History. 23, part 3 (3): 131-4. ...
Anthropometry Mediterraneanism Olive skin Giuseppe Sergi. The Mediterranean Race: a Study of the Origins of European Peoples. ...
Anthropometry is defined as the scientific study of the human body measurements and proportions. These studies are generally ... Anthropometry Prenatal Development "World Health Organization. Public health aspect of low birth weight, third report of the ... Retrieved 2016-11-23.[permanent dead link] "Body Measurements (Anthropometry) Manual" (PDF). Cdc.gov. Retrieved 2016-11-23.. ...
Warren, M; Maples, W (1997). "The anthropometry of contemporary commercial cremation". Journal of Forensic Sciences. 42 (3): ...
Herskovits, Melville J. (1930). The Anthropometry of the American Negro. New York, NY: Columbia University. Harris, Cheryl I. ( ...
"Yves Klein, Anthropometries". Tate Modern. January 17, 2013. Retrieved December 10, 2019. Randy Kennedy (March 19, 2010). " ...
Taub, Daniel I.; Jacobs, Jordan M. S.; Jacobs, Jonathan S. (2013). "Chapter 16: Anthropometry, cephalometry, and orthognathic ...
2003). Bodyspace: Anthropometry, ergonomics and the design of work (2nd. ed.). Taylor & Francis. Page 159. Retrieved March 14, ... 2000). An Anthropometry of Indian Agricultural Workers. Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America, 31 (3), ... Onuoha, S.N., Idike, F.I. & Oduma, O. (2012). Anthropometry of South Eastern Nigeria Agricultural Workers. International ...
Means and moments, quantitative sociology and anthropometry. Sulle relazioni tra curve di frequenza e curve di concentrazione e ...
A sort of parody of Klein's Anthropometry performance is featured in the film Wise Guys (original title: Les Godelureaux) ... This type of work he called Anthropometry. Other paintings in this method of production include "recordings" of rain that Klein ...
ISBN 978-0-8117-2735-8. Watts, Phil; Joubert, Lanae; Lish, Aaron; Mast, J. D.; Wilkins, B. (October 2003). "Anthropometry of ... Multiple studies have been conducted into the effect of physiological factors, such as anthropometry and flexibility, in ... Pheasant, Stephen (1996). Bodyspace: anthropometry, ergonomics, and the design of work (2nd ed.). London: Taylor & Francis. ... Anthropometry_Influence_Technical_Factors_in_Professional_Mixed_Martial_Arts?_sg= ...
Anthropometry Industrial and organizational psychology Sanders, Mark S.; McCormick, Ernest J. (January 1, 1993). Human Factors ...
Gallino, Mario; Santamaria, Eliana; Tiziana, Doro (1998). "Anthropometry of the scapula: Clinical and surgical considerations ...
Nutritional epidemiology, dietary assessment, anthropometry (including body composition). Public health, main areas: obesity, ...
ISBN 0-7637-1856-4. [1] Gordon, Z.; Elad, D.; Almog, R.; Hazan, Y.; Jaffa, A. J.; Eytan, O. (2007). "Anthropometry of fetal ...
Physical status: the use and interpretation of anthropometry. Report of a WHO Expert Committee. World Health Organ Tech Rep Ser ...
He made pioneering studies in anthropometry in India. He founded the Indian Statistical Institute, and contributed to the ...
Anthropometry involves examining the size, weight and dimensions of a body. Analysis of the physical aspects can facilitate ... Anthropometry was first introduced in 1879 by Alphonse Bertillon, who developed the Bertillon System based on physical ... Kanchan, Tanuj; Krishan, Kewal (January 2011). "Anthropometry of hand in sex determination of dismembered remains - A review of ... These methods included dental analysis, anthropometry and fingerprinting. Forensic dentistry was first used in 1776 by Paul ...
Retracted) Richard Baldwin (borrowed identity) (2018). "Who Are They to Judge? Overcoming Anthropometry and a Framework for Fat ...
Anthropometry is the science that defines physical measures of a persons size, form, and functional capacities. ... Like the in-house Anthropometry Research Laboratory, the Mobile Anthropometry Laboratory contains a whole body and head scanner ... Our scientists have developed a series of anthropometry study procedures for collecting anthropometry data, quantifying human ... Why is anthropometry important? Designs that are incompatible with normal anthropometric measurements of a workforce may result ...
anthropometry (countable and uncountable, plural anthropometries) *The science of measuring the human body in order to ... anthropometry on Wikipedia.Wikipedia References[edit]. * ^ "anthropometry" in Douglas Harper, Online Etymology Dictionary. , ... Retrieved from "https://en.wiktionary.org/w/index.php?title=anthropometry&oldid=61051913" ...
Anthropometry and multiple myeloma.. Bosetti C, Negri E, Gallus S, Dal Maso L, Franceschi S, La Vecchia C. ...
Anthropometry at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Anthropometry and Biomechanics at NASA Anthropometry data at ... Anthropometry of Wheeled Mobility Project Report Free Full Text Civilian American and European Surface Anthropometry Resource ... Today anthropometry can be performed with three-dimensional scanners. A global collaborative study to examine the uses of three ... Anthropometry (from Greek ἄνθρωπος anthropos, human, and μέτρον metron, measure) refers to the measurement of the human ...
Manual of Anthropometry.. *Ulijaszek, Stanley J., ed. 1994. Anthropometry: The Individual and the Population. Cambridge, ... Applications of anthropometry. Criminalistics. Anthropometry was first introduced in the late nineteenth century to the field ... In these ways, anthropometry has contributed to the understanding of human evolution and to the creation of a better living ... Anthropometry, or the "measure of humans," is derived from the Greek terms ανθρωπος, meaning man, and μετρον, meaning measure. ...
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Make research projects and school reports about anthropometry easy with credible articles from our FREE, online encyclopedia ... anthropometry A Dictionary of Food and Nutrition © A Dictionary of Food and Nutrition 2005, originally published by Oxford ... anthropometry (ănthrəpŏm´ətrē), technique of measuring the human body in terms of dimensions, proportions, and ratios such as ... Home Social Sciences and the Law Anthropology and Archaeology Anthropology: Terms and Concepts anthropometry ...
ANTHROPOMETRY DATA SUMMARY - HANES I ANTHROPOMETRY, GONIOMETRY, SKELETAL AGE, BONE DENSITY AND CORTICAL THICKNESS DATA SUMMARY ... GENERAL NOTES, ANTHROPOMETRY DATA, HANES I Anthropometry, Goniometry, Skeletal Age, Bone Density and Cortical Thickness ... ANTHROPOMETRY DATA General Information HEALTH AND NUTRITION EXAMINATION SURVEY (HANES I) Anthropometry, Goniometry, Skeletal ... Anthropometry (1971-75). DSN: CC37.HANES1.ANTHRO ABSTRACT Contents HANES 1971-1975 Description of Survey Target Population Data ...
... DSN: CC37.HSPHANES.ANTHRO CC37.HSPHANES.ANTHRO2 ABSTRACT General Information Hispanic Health and ...
The history of anthropometry includes its use as an early tool of anthropology, use for identification, use for the purposes of ... During the 1940s anthropometry was used by William Sheldon when evaluating his somatotypes, according to which characteristics ... Anthropometry was used extensively by anthropologists studying human and racial origins: some attempted racial differentiation ... Anthropometry Procedures Manual. CDC: Atlanta, USA; 2007. Komlos, John (2010). "Anthropometric History: an Overview of a ...
The use of anthropometry has provided us with an efficient but simple method for the assessment of malnutrition in cirrhosis. ... Tsiaousi E.T., Hatzitolios A.I. (2012) Anthropometry of Malnutrition in End Stage Liver Disease. In: Preedy V. (eds) Handbook ... of Anthropometry. Springer, New York, NY. * DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-1788-1_172 ...
Please put "Anthropometry Specialist - 987" in the email subject line. Incomplete packages will not be considered. Hard copies ... an imaging device for child anthropometry." This project will evaluate the suitability (accuracy and acceptability) of a new ... preferably in the area of anthropometry assessment.. • Knowledge of organizing, implementing, and reporting population based ...
Directory of Databases Part I - Whole Body Anthropometry Surveys(STABILIZED Nov 2018) AIR5145A ...
Anthropometry, Ergonomics and the Design of Work, Third Edition By Stephen Pheasant. , Christine M. Haslegrave. ... APPLICATION OF ANTHROPOMETRY IN DESIGN. Workspace Design Sitting and Seating Hands and Handles Ergonomics in the Office ... Bodyspace: Anthropometry, Ergonomics and the Design of Work, Third Edition. ISBN , Quantity: ... ERGONOMICS, DESIGN AND ANTHROPOMETRY. Introduction Principles and Practice of Anthropometrics Human Diversity ...
The Handbook of Anthropometry is an invaluable addition to the reference libraries of a broad spectrum of health professionals ... The first interdisciplinary reference on the subject, the Handbook of Anthropometry brings this wide-ranging field together: ... basic theory and highly specialized topics in normal and abnormal anthropometry in terms of health, disease prevention, and ... Although its underlying concept is a relatively simple one-the measurement of the human body and its parts-anthropometry ...
Anthropometry. Information on anthropometric characteristics is considered very important, for two reasons. First, the ...
... Amina Amadou,1 Pierre Hainaut,2 and Isabelle Romieu1 ... C. M. K. Magnusson and A. W. Roddam, "Breast cancer and childhood anthropometry: emerging hypotheses?" Breast Cancer Research, ... 8. Effect of Early Life Anthropometry on Breast Cancer Risk. Most of the epidemiological studies have focused mainly on adult ... Other risk factors such as changes in lifestyle, physical activity, and anthropometry as well as ethnicity and genetic ...
B. Kayis and A. F. Özok, "The anthropometry of Turkish army men," Applied Ergonomics, vol. 22, no. 1, pp. 49-54, 1991. View at ... B. Y. Jeong and K. S. Park, "Sex differences in anthropometry for school furniture design," Ergonomics, vol. 33, no. 12, pp. ... R. G. Snyder, L. W. Schneider, C. L. Owings, H. M. Reynolds, D. H. Golomb, and M. A. Schork, "Anthropometry of Infants, ... B.-S. Liu, "Incorporating anthropometry into design of ear-related products," Applied Ergonomics, vol. 39, no. 1, pp. 115-121, ...
Home , Events , Olympics , Winter , Science , Anthropometry , 2014. Anthropometry of Olympic Athletes from Sochi 2014. The ...
Speaking of anthropometry (meaning the measure of man) I found a couple of books that looked interesting on Amazon. One is The ... If youre interested in anthropometry and ergonomics, youll find lots of material on the HFES website. ...
Effects of synbiotic on anthropometry, lipid profile and oxidative stress in obese children.. Ipar N1, Aydogdu SD2, Yildirim GK ...
... Cancer. 1994 Aug 1;74(3 Suppl):1090-100. doi: 10.1002/1097-0142( ...
Although its underlying concept is a relatively simple one-the measurement of the human body and its parts-anthropometry ... Anthropometry in Special and Selective Conditions and Circumstances: Anthropometry as Measure of Risk in COPD Patients ... Adipokines and Anthropometry: Childhood and Adolescent Obesity or Adipocytokines and Anthropometry in Childhood and Adolescence ... Knee Anthropometry and Total Knee Arthroplasty: Relationship Between Anthropometry, Surgical Difficulty, and Outcomes ...
Oral Microbiome and Anthropometry Changes Following Caries Arrest Using Silver-Nitrate/Fluoride-Varnish. The AADR/CADR Annual ... Oral microbiome and anthropometry changes following caries arrest using silver-nitrate/fluoride-varnish. International & ... Oral microbiome and anthropometry changes following caries arrest using silver-nitrate/fluoride-varnish ... No meaningful association was found between baseline decay status and baseline anthropometry, nor change in height for-age and ...
This 2018 Personal Trainers Conference video features Lee Boyce going over the subject of anthropometry and the mechanics of ... This 2018 Personal Trainers Conference video features Lee Boyce going over the subject of anthropometry and the mechanics of ...
While anthropometry allow us to monitor and evaluate changes in the nutritional status of PLWHA, its greatest benefit can only ... Use of Anthropometry in Monitoring the Nutritional and Health Status of Persons Living with HIV/AIDS. ... Nichols S., Dalrymple N., Francis M. (2012) Use of Anthropometry in Monitoring the Nutritional and Health Status of Persons ... In: Preedy V. (eds) Handbook of Anthropometry. Springer, New York, NY. * DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-1788-1_153 ...
  • Multiple regression analysis for the SGA group demonstrated that peak kb concentration was negatively related to the volume of formula milk, independent of blood glucose levels and neonatal anthropometry. (aappublications.org)
  • Today, anthropometry plays an important role in industrial design, clothing design, ergonomics and architecture where statistical data about the distribution of body dimensions in the population are used to optimize products. (wikipedia.org)
  • If you're interested in anthropometry and ergonomics, you'll find lots of material on the HFES website. (fashion-incubator.com)
  • Recently on 2nd Jan. 2018 I have bought Fiat Punto Evo Active-1.3 Diesel, Honestly I would like to share my experience, This could be the best car in its segment if FIAT would precisely work on Anthropometry and Ergonomics. (cardekho.com)
  • The course will define ergonomics and its three components--work physiology, anthropometry and musculoskeletal disorders--and common risk factors such as vibration and temperature. (freethesaurus.com)
  • The topics include color coding and affect, presentation formats and layout, physical ergonomics and anthropometry , weaving culture into the product development process, gaining user acceptance in specific cultures, and heuristic and guidelines-based evaluation in cross-cultural design. (freethesaurus.com)
  • OBJECTIVE -The objective of the study was to examine body fat distribution using computed tomography (CT), dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA), and anthropometry in relation to type 2 diabetes in urban Asian Indians. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • The first interdisciplinary reference on the subject, the Handbook of Anthropometry brings this wide-ranging field together: basic theory and highly specialized topics in normal and abnormal anthropometry in terms of health, disease prevention, and intervention. (google.com)
  • The French savant, Alphonse Bertillon, coined the phrase "physical anthropometry" in 1883, to include an identification system based on unchanging measurements of the human frame. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • A manual of anthropometry, or, A guide to the physical examination and measurement of the human body : containing a systematic table of measurements, an anthropometrical chart or register, and instructions for making measurement on a uniform plan / by Charles Roberts. (wellcomecollection.org)
  • Even though tools used in manual anthropometry distort the soft tissue and introduce error in measurements, manual anthropometry is still a commonly used technique because of its simplicity and because it is more economical [5]. (freethesaurus.com)
  • The incumbent will provide technical assistance and training for a project "Field testing of a proof of concept, an imaging device for child anthropometry. (cdcfoundation.org)
  • The effect of ethnicity on facial anthropometry in Northern Iran. (blogspot.com)
  • Using cross-sectional population-based surveys, five random population samples of a total of 1915 women aged between 45 and 54 years, participating in the BEDA study in 1980, WHO MONICA studies in 1985, 1990 and 1995, and a study of 50-year-old women in 2003 were measured for the following parameters: anthropometry, serum cholesterol and triglyceride levels, smoking habits, blood pressure, physical activity and stress. (arctichealth.org)
  • Physical abilities, including anthropometry (the measure of bodies, such as heights or the size of hands), biomechanics (what can be accomplished physically, e. (freethesaurus.com)
  • Maternal anthropometry for prediction of pregnancy outcomes: memorandum from a USAID/WHO/PAHO/MotherCare meeting. (who.int)
  • This was achieved by determining the relationship between anthropometry and respiratory muscle function and the relationship between respiratory muscle function and exercise performance. (sun.ac.za)
  • Minimum of two years of experience working in international nutrition programs or projects, preferably in the area of anthropometry assessment. (cdcfoundation.org)
  • We studied the relationship of prostate cancer to anthropometry and self-reported physical activity among 5377 African-American and Caucasian participants in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey I cohort. (aacrjournals.org)
  • fields of application of anthropometry, from assessment of nutritional status to auxological anthropometry. (eenet.it)
  • In the research area of applied anthropometry, collecting and use of 3D anthropometric data have become a norm, which will ultimately result in a better fit between workers and their tools, systems, and work environments. (cdc.gov)
  • BACKGROUND: The aim of this work was to study the relationship between anthropometry and stroking parameters of front crawl sprint performance in young swimmers. (minervamedica.it)
  • Are Obesity and Anthropometry Risk Factors for Diabetic Retinopathy? (arvojournals.org)
  • Only two included validation in separate subject-samples, and two reported relationships between whole-body MRI-measured muscle mass and anthropometry beyond linear correlations. (gla.ac.uk)
  • Respiratory muscle strength showed no correlations to anthropometry for men and women. (sun.ac.za)
  • Respiratory muscle endurance showed correlations to certain anthropometry variables and had a significant regression equations for MVV in men: -312.51 + (2.83 x Arm span) - (0.38 x Sum of 8 skinfolds) and arm span and sum of eight skinfolds accounted for 47.3% of the variance in MVV. (sun.ac.za)
  • A Randomized Controlled Pilot Study to Assess Effects of a Daily Pistachio (Pistacia Vera) Afternoon Snack on Next-Meal Energy Intake, Satiety, and Anthropometry in French Women. (nutfruit.org)
  • Perceived association between alcohol consumption, dietary intake and anthropometry has been the subject of some controlled studies [7, 25]. (freethesaurus.com)
  • The use of anthropometry has provided us with an efficient but simple method for the assessment of malnutrition in cirrhosis. (springer.com)
  • Anthropometry and Clinical Assessment for research. (tufts.edu)
  • In this volume, distinguished contributors including anthropologists, human biologists, physiologists, nutritionists and clinical scientists describe many of the ways in which anthropometry is used, and discuss problems associated with different methods of assessment. (thriftbooks.com)
  • Although its underlying concept is a relatively simple one-the measurement of the human body and its parts-anthropometry employs a myriad of methods and instruments, and is useful for a variety of purposes, from understanding the impact of disease on individuals to tracking changes in populations over time. (google.com)
  • Anthropometry is the study of the measurement of the human body in terms of the dimensions of bone, muscle, and adipose (fat) tissue. (cdc.gov)
  • Al-Gindan, Y.Y. , Hankey, C.R. , Leslie, W. , Govan, L. and Lean, M.E. (2014) Predicting muscle mass from anthropometry using magnetic resonance imaging as reference: a systematic review. (gla.ac.uk)
  • Effects of synbiotic on anthropometry, lipid profile and oxidative stress in obese children. (nih.gov)
  • Anthropometry (from Greek ἄνθρωπος anthropos, 'human', and μέτρον metron, 'measure') refers to the measurement of the human individual. (wikipedia.org)
  • Anthropometry ( Greek ἄνθρωπος, man, and μέτρον, measure, literally meaning "measurement of humans"), in physical anthropology , refers to the measurement of living human individuals for the purposes of understanding human physical variation. (wikidoc.org)
  • No meaningful association was found between baseline decay status and baseline anthropometry, nor change in height for-age and decay reduction. (eurekalert.org)
  • In this population, baseline tooth decay was not associated with baseline anthropometry, but reduction in decay was weakly associated with BMI-for-age increase. (eurekalert.org)
  • Body fatness and bioelectrical impedance in non-obese pre-menarcheal girls: comparison to anthropometry and evaluation of predictive equations. (umassmed.edu)
  • Anthropometry increases 1 repetition maximum predictive abilit. (mysciencework.com)
  • Anthropometry increases 1 repetition maximum predictive ability of NFL-225 test for Division IA college football players. (mysciencework.com)
  • The aim of the present study was to examine the associations of pre-diagnostic anthropometry, alcohol consumption, and smoking habits with pancreatic cancer risk in a Swedish prospective, population-based cohort, with particular reference to potential sex differences. (altmetric.com)
  • Introduction: The evaluation and measurement of human body dimensions are achieved by physical anthropometry. (blogspot.com)
  • Anthropometry is the measurement of human morphology, and is used in a wide range of applied and research contexts. (thriftbooks.com)
  • Curvas y tablas por desviaciones Twins: Anthropometry at birth according to sex and gestational age. (ucm.es)
  • Anthropometry and breast cancer. (nih.gov)
  • Other risk factors such as changes in lifestyle, physical activity, and anthropometry as well as ethnicity and genetic susceptibility play a role in the development of BC [ 12 - 16 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Combined with the dietary and related questionnaire data, and the biochemical determinations, anthropometry is essential and critical information needed to assist in describing the data collected from persons in the NHANES III sample. (cdc.gov)
  • To select anthropometry data just click on markers on the body drawings. (openerg.com)
  • For anthropometry data collection, 62 body dimensions were measured from 1216 Malaysian respondents. (freethesaurus.com)
  • The history of anthropometry includes its use as an early tool of anthropology, use for identification, use for the purposes of understanding human physical variation in paleoanthropology and in various attempts to correlate physical with racial and psychological traits. (wikipedia.org)
  • The underlying principle of this technique is the notion that inertial parameters of a given segment should correlate better with the anthropometry of that segment rather than global measures such as body weight. (freethesaurus.com)
  • Anthropometry is the science that defines physical measures of a person's size, form, and functional capacities. (cdc.gov)
  • Hadala M, Vera P, Barrios C (2012) Anthropometry Profile and its Influence on Injury Pattern in America's Cup Racing Crew. (omicsonline.org)
  • In 28 male Caucasian nonprofessional ultracyclists, we investigated whether anthropometry or training volume had an influence on race speed in the 600 km at the Swiss Cycling Marathon 2007. (ed.gov)
  • The influence of anthropometry and training volume on speed in the race as the dependent variable was investigated in a multiple linear regression model. (ed.gov)
  • We concluded that anthropometry had a greater influence on race performance than training volume in recreational ultraendurance cyclists. (ed.gov)
  • anthropometry (ănthrəpŏm´ətrē) , technique of measuring the human body in terms of dimensions, proportions, and ratios such as those provided by the cephalic index . (encyclopedia.com)
  • Cephalometery is a branch of anthropometry science in which the head and face anatomical dimensions are measured. (blogspot.com)
  • After the tomato-based intervention, significant effects on adipokine concentrations were observed despite no significant changes in anthropometry measures. (freethesaurus.com)
  • Anthropometry was first introduced in the late nineteenth century to the field of criminalistics , helping to identifying individual criminals by physical characteristics. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • Illustration from "The Speaking Portrait" (Pearson's Magazine, Vol XI, January to June 1901) demonstrating the principles of Bertillon's anthropometry. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • Background: Body composition is most commonly assessed by anthropometry like body Mass index, 60 % of human body weight is composed of water, rest 40% of body is composed of protein, fat and minerals and body composition between skinfold. (alliedacademies.org)
  • This is a summary of oral session #0150 titled "Oral Microbiome and Anthropometry Changes Following Caries Arrest Using Silver-Nitrate/Fluoride-Varnish" presented by Hailey Taylor on Thursday, March 22, 2018, at 8 a.m. in Floridian B/C of the Greater Fort Lauderdale/Broward County Convention Center in Fort Lauderdale, Fla., USA. (eurekalert.org)
  • This 2018 Personal Trainers Conference video features Lee Boyce going over the subject of anthropometry and the mechanics of the fundamental movements in strength training. (nsca.com)
  • Speaking of anthropometry (meaning the measure of man) I found a couple of books that looked interesting on Amazon. (fashion-incubator.com)
  • Speaking of anthropometry folks, does anybody know what happened to the "Society for Nordish Physical Anthropology" (SNPA) site? (blogspot.com)
  • Anthropometry showed a moderate association with speed in the race (r[superscript 2] = 0.178, p less than 0.05), whereas training volume showed no association (r[superscript 2] = 0.000, p greater than 0.05). (ed.gov)
  • In conclusion, anthropometry plays a moderate role in RM endurance but even a smaller role in RM strength. (sun.ac.za)
  • NIOSH researchers use the NIOSH Anthropometry Research Laboratory to collect and quantify human body size and shape of various occupational groups for use in developing improved equipment designs for worker protection. (cdc.gov)
  • Anthropometry involves the systematic measurement of the physical properties of the human body, primarily dimensional descriptors of body size and shape. (wikipedia.org)
  • Paleoanthropologists still rely upon craniofacial anthropometry to identify species in the study of fossilized hominid bones. (wikipedia.org)
  • The aim of this study, therefore, was to examine the effects of an in-season in-field variable resistance training (VRT) program on strength, power, and anthropometry of junior soccer players. (minervamedica.it)
  • In this cross-sectional study of 325 female and 299 male like-sex healthy twin pairs, on average 38 y old (18-67 y), we determined zygosity by DNA similarity, and performed anthropometry and bioelectrical impedance analysis of body composition. (nature.com)