Anthracosis: A diffuse parenchymal lung disease caused by accumulation of inhaled CARBON or coal dust. The disease can progress from asymptomatic anthracosis to massive lung fibrosis. This lung lesion usually occurs in coal MINERS, but can be seen in urban dwellers and tobacco smokers.Coal MiningDictionaries, MedicalDictionaries as Topic: Lists of words, usually in alphabetical order, giving information about form, pronunciation, etymology, grammar, and meaning.Coal: A natural fuel formed by partial decomposition of vegetable matter under certain environmental conditions.Calcaneus: The largest of the TARSAL BONES which is situated at the lower and back part of the FOOT, forming the HEEL.Diagnostic Errors: Incorrect diagnoses after clinical examination or technical diagnostic procedures.Bone and Bones: A specialized CONNECTIVE TISSUE that is the main constituent of the SKELETON. The principle cellular component of bone is comprised of OSTEOBLASTS; OSTEOCYTES; and OSTEOCLASTS, while FIBRILLAR COLLAGENS and hydroxyapatite crystals form the BONE MATRIX.Cellulitis: An acute, diffuse, and suppurative inflammation of loose connective tissue, particularly the deep subcutaneous tissues, and sometimes muscle, which is most commonly seen as a result of infection of a wound, ulcer, or other skin lesions.ConjunctivitisErythema: Redness of the skin produced by congestion of the capillaries. This condition may result from a variety of causes.Bone Remodeling: The continuous turnover of BONE MATRIX and mineral that involves first an increase in BONE RESORPTION (osteoclastic activity) and later, reactive BONE FORMATION (osteoblastic activity). The process of bone remodeling takes place in the adult skeleton at discrete foci. The process ensures the mechanical integrity of the skeleton throughout life and plays an important role in calcium HOMEOSTASIS. An imbalance in the regulation of bone remodeling's two contrasting events, bone resorption and bone formation, results in many of the metabolic bone diseases, such as OSTEOPOROSIS.Color: The visually perceived property of objects created by absorption or reflection of specific wavelengths of light.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Bone Density: The amount of mineral per square centimeter of BONE. This is the definition used in clinical practice. Actual bone density would be expressed in grams per milliliter. It is most frequently measured by X-RAY ABSORPTIOMETRY or TOMOGRAPHY, X RAY COMPUTED. Bone density is an important predictor for OSTEOPOROSIS.AxisTeaching Materials: Instructional materials used in teaching.Pharmacology, Clinical: The branch of pharmacology that deals directly with the effectiveness and safety of drugs in humans.Competitive Behavior: The direct struggle between individuals for environmental necessities or for a common goal.Video Games: A form of interactive entertainment in which the player controls electronically generated images that appear on a video display screen. This includes video games played in the home on special machines or home computers, and those played in arcades.Spondylolisthesis: Forward displacement of a superior vertebral body over the vertebral body below.Game Theory: Theoretical construct used in applied mathematics to analyze certain situations in which there is an interplay between parties that may have similar, opposed, or mixed interests. In a typical game, decision-making "players," who each have their own goals, try to gain advantage over the other parties by anticipating each other's decisions; the game is finally resolved as a consequence of the players' decisions.Ecology: The branch of science concerned with the interrelationship of organisms and their ENVIRONMENT, especially as manifested by natural cycles and rhythms, community development and structure, interactions between different kinds of organisms, geographic distributions, and population alterations. (Webster's, 3d ed)Spinal Fractures: Broken bones in the vertebral column.Games, Experimental: Games designed to provide information on hypotheses, policies, procedures, or strategies.Matrix Metalloproteinase 9: An endopeptidase that is structurally similar to MATRIX METALLOPROTEINASE 2. It degrades GELATIN types I and V; COLLAGEN TYPE IV; and COLLAGEN TYPE V.Search Engine: Software used to locate data or information stored in machine-readable form locally or at a distance such as an INTERNET site.Databases, Genetic: Databases devoted to knowledge about specific genes and gene products.Metalloproteases: Proteases which use a metal, normally ZINC, in the catalytic mechanism. This group of enzymes is inactivated by metal CHELATORS.Genome, Human: The complete genetic complement contained in the DNA of a set of CHROMOSOMES in a HUMAN. The length of the human genome is about 3 billion base pairs.Antibodies: Immunoglobulin molecules having a specific amino acid sequence by virtue of which they interact only with the ANTIGEN (or a very similar shape) that induced their synthesis in cells of the lymphoid series (especially PLASMA CELLS).Internet: A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.Genomics: The systematic study of the complete DNA sequences (GENOME) of organisms.Genes: A category of nucleic acid sequences that function as units of heredity and which code for the basic instructions for the development, reproduction, and maintenance of organisms.Metalloendopeptidases: ENDOPEPTIDASES which use a metal such as ZINC in the catalytic mechanism.Sarcoidosis: An idiopathic systemic inflammatory granulomatous disorder comprised of epithelioid and multinucleated giant cells with little necrosis. It usually invades the lungs with fibrosis and may also involve lymph nodes, skin, liver, spleen, eyes, phalangeal bones, and parotid glands.Sarcoidosis, Pulmonary: Sarcoidosis affecting predominantly the lungs, the site most frequently involved and most commonly causing morbidity and mortality in sarcoidosis. Pulmonary sarcoidosis is characterized by sharply circumscribed granulomas in the alveolar, bronchial, and vascular walls, composed of tightly packed cells derived from the mononuclear phagocyte system. The clinical symptoms when present are dyspnea upon exertion, nonproductive cough, and wheezing. (Cecil Textbook of Medicine, 19th ed, p431)Cough: A sudden, audible expulsion of air from the lungs through a partially closed glottis, preceded by inhalation. It is a protective response that serves to clear the trachea, bronchi, and/or lungs of irritants and secretions, or to prevent aspiration of foreign materials into the lungs.Tomography, X-Ray Computed: Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.Breath Tests: Any tests done on exhaled air.Dyspnea: Difficult or labored breathing.International Cooperation: The interaction of persons or groups of persons representing various nations in the pursuit of a common goal or interest.Kveim Test: Intradermal injection of a heated (pasteurized) saline suspension of sarcoid tissue obtained from a sarcoid spleen or lymph node. In patients with active sarcoidosis a dusky red nodule develops slowly over the next few weeks at the injection site. Histologic examination, an essential part of the complete test, reveals sarcoid tissue.Fatal Outcome: Death resulting from the presence of a disease in an individual, as shown by a single case report or a limited number of patients. This should be differentiated from DEATH, the physiological cessation of life and from MORTALITY, an epidemiological or statistical concept.Lung Diseases: Pathological processes involving any part of the LUNG.Pneumoconiosis: A diffuse parenchymal lung disease caused by inhalation of dust and by tissue reaction to their presence. These inorganic, organic, particulate, or vaporized matters usually are inhaled by workers in their occupational environment, leading to the various forms (ASBESTOSIS; BYSSINOSIS; and others). Similar air pollution can also have deleterious effects on the general population.Lung: Either of the pair of organs occupying the cavity of the thorax that effect the aeration of the blood.Dictionaries, ChemicalTerminology as Topic: The terms, expressions, designations, or symbols used in a particular science, discipline, or specialized subject area.Lung Diseases, Interstitial: A diverse group of lung diseases that affect the lung parenchyma. They are characterized by an initial inflammation of PULMONARY ALVEOLI that extends to the interstitium and beyond leading to diffuse PULMONARY FIBROSIS. Interstitial lung diseases are classified by their etiology (known or unknown causes), and radiological-pathological features.Biological Science Disciplines: All of the divisions of the natural sciences dealing with the various aspects of the phenomena of life and vital processes. The concept includes anatomy and physiology, biochemistry and biophysics, and the biology of animals, plants, and microorganisms. It should be differentiated from BIOLOGY, one of its subdivisions, concerned specifically with the origin and life processes of living organisms.Carbon Dioxide: A colorless, odorless gas that can be formed by the body and is necessary for the respiration cycle of plants and animals.Audiovisual Aids: Auditory and visual instructional materials.Computer-Assisted Instruction: A self-learning technique, usually online, involving interaction of the student with programmed instructional materials.Biopsy: Removal and pathologic examination of specimens in the form of small pieces of tissue from the living body.Teaching: The educational process of instructing.Respiratory System: The tubular and cavernous organs and structures, by means of which pulmonary ventilation and gas exchange between ambient air and the blood are brought about.Mineral Fibers: Long, pliable, cohesive natural or manufactured filaments of various lengths. They form the structure of some minerals. The medical significance lies in their potential ability to cause various types of PNEUMOCONIOSIS (e.g., ASBESTOSIS) after occupational or environmental exposure. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p708)Dust: Earth or other matter in fine, dry particles. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Minerals: Native, inorganic or fossilized organic substances having a definite chemical composition and formed by inorganic reactions. They may occur as individual crystals or may be disseminated in some other mineral or rock. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed; McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Asbestos: Asbestos. Fibrous incombustible mineral composed of magnesium and calcium silicates with or without other elements. It is relatively inert chemically and used in thermal insulation and fireproofing. Inhalation of dust causes asbestosis and later lung and gastrointestinal neoplasms.Asbestos, Serpentine: A type of asbestos that occurs in nature as the dihydrate of magnesium silicate. It exists in two forms: antigorite, a plated variety, and chrysotile, a fibrous variety. The latter makes up 95% of all asbestos products. (From Merck Index, 11th ed, p.893)Silicic Acid: A hydrated form of silicon dioxide. It is commonly used in the manufacture of TOOTHPASTES and as a stationary phase for CHROMATOGRAPHY.Asbestos, Crocidolite: A lavender, acid-resistant asbestos.Asbestos, Amphibole: A class of asbestos that includes silicates of magnesium, iron, calcium, and sodium. The fibers are generally brittle and cannot be spun, but are more resistant to chemicals and heat than ASBESTOS, SERPENTINE. (From Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 11th ed)Quartz: Quartz (SiO2). A glassy or crystalline form of silicon dioxide. Many colored varieties are semiprecious stones. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)

Quality of life of coal dust workers without pneumoconiosis in mainland China. (1/24)

The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to evaluate the quality of life (QOL) of coal dust workers without pneumoconiosis in mainland China. Three hundred five coal dust workers and 200 non-dust workers without pneumoconiosis from five coal mines in Shanxi province were enrolled in this study. The Chinese World Health Organization Quality of Life-brief version (WHOQOL-BREF) questionnaire was used. Socio-demographic, working, and health factors were also collected. Multiple stepwise regression analysis was used to identify significant factors related to the four domain scores of WHOQOL-BREF. All functional domains of the Chinese WHOQOL-BREF were significantly worse in coal dust workers compared to non-dust workers except for psychological health. For the physical domain of QOL, educational level, working hours, and work danger were the significant factors. In the psychological domain, types of job, welfare satisfaction, work danger, hobbies, smoking, one-child family, and marital status were the predictive factors. Working hours, welfare satisfaction, educational level, and birthplace were the predictive factors for the social domain of QOL. Finally, the predictors for the environmental domain of QOL were types of job, working hours, welfare satisfaction, work danger, self-reported social status, smoking, and drinking. Coal dust workers without pneumoconiosis had worse QOL than non-dust workers but their subjective feelings were positive. There were four distinct models for the various domains of QOL. Corresponding health policies could be developed to improve their QOL.  (+info)

Evaluation of occupational exposures to respirable dust in underground coal mines. (2/24)

Dust can be produced by almost all mining operations in underground coal mines and seen all around the mine. Different occupational groups get exposed to different dust levels and in order to minimize the probability of developing coal workers' pneumoconiosis (CWP), it is necessary to investigate the workers exposed to dust. This study aimed to evaluate the dust concentration conditions in underground coal mines and also the occupational health risks associated with exposures to respirable dust. The data obtained from the dust measurement studies conducted in various underground coal mines between the years 1978-2006 was evaluated by using analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Tukey-Kramer procedure. In the statistical analyses, the comparison of dustiness between mines and their mining regions were made by using the average dust concentration values. In addition, the numbers of workers with doubtful pneumoconiosis diagnosis were evaluated according to the occupational job category by using the number of the workers with the job illness. It was concluded that the production regions have the higher dust concentration levels and the CWP is mostly diagnosed in the workers working in production regions.  (+info)

Airway function and respiratory resistance in Taiwanese coal workers with simple pneumoconiosis. (3/24)

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Prevalence characteristics and prediction of coal workers' pneumoconiosis in the Tiefa Colliery in China. (4/24)

To explore characteristics of the development of coal workers' pneumoconiosis (CWP) at present and trend in the future, we investigated 16,154 coal miners exposed to dust for at least 1 yr in the Tiefa Colliery in China. Occupational categories were divided into tunneling, mining, combining and helping. Four cohorts (before 1958, 1958-, 1968-, and after 1978) were created according to years of first exposure. Life-Table Method was used to calculate cumulative incidence rates of CWP adjusted by duration of dust exposure and predict the number of the new CWP patients. Results indicated that cumulative incidence rates of CWP in four cohorts were 26.65%, 18.94%, 1.15%, and 0.06%, respectively (Chi(2)=493.57, p<0.0001). The 55-yr cumulative rate of CWP of tunneling miners (25.90%) or that of combining miners (14.53%) was statistically higher than that of mining miners (7.26%) or that of helping miners (0.89%). The number of new CWP patients predicted in future was approximately 77. New CWP patients predicted would mainly occur among coal miners with first dust exposure in 1958-1967 and those working at tunneling. Most of them could be diagnosed in the age group from 45 to 75 and in the period of the next 20 yr from 2008 to 2028.  (+info)

Comparison of storage phosphor computed radiography with conventional film-screen radiography in the recognition of pneumoconiosis. (5/24)

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Coal workers' pneumoconiosis-related years of potential life lost before age 65 years - United States, 1968-2006. (6/24)

Coal workers' pneumoconiosis (CWP) is a preventable, slowly progressive parenchymal lung disease caused by inhalation and deposition of coal mine dust in the lungs. The incidence and rate of CWP progression is related to the amount of respirable coal dust to which miners were exposed during their working lifetime. Early pneumoconiosis can be asymptomatic, but advanced disease often leads to disability and premature death. To characterize the impact of premature mortality attributed to CWP in the United States, CDC's National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) analyzed annual underlying cause of death data from 1968-2006, the most recent years for which complete data were available. Years of potential life lost before age 65 years (YPLL), and mean YPLL were calculated using standard methodology. This report describes the results of that analysis, which indicate that during 1968-2006, a total of 22,625 YPLL were attributed to CWP (mean per decedent: 5.7). Annual YPLL attributed to CWP decreased 91.2%, from an average of 1,484 YPLL per year during 1968-1972 to 154 per year during 2002-2006. However, annual YPLL from CWP have been increasing since 2002, from 135 in that year to 169 YPLL in 2006, suggesting a need for strengthening CWP prevention measures. CDC intends to maintain surveillance of CWP deaths to determine future trends and promote safer work environments.  (+info)

Lesions associated with mineral deposition in the lymph nodes and lungs of cattle: a case-control study of environmental health hazard. (7/24)

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Anthracosis and large mediastinal mass in a patient with healed pulmonary tuberculosis. (8/24)

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*Disease in Imperial Rome

Respiratory disease, most prominently anthracosis, was common due to pollution in Roman homes according to Professor Luigi ... it was also sometimes prescribed to citizens for things such as fevers and diseases resembling anthracosis. Fenugreek has been ...

*Coalworker's pneumoconiosis

Coal workers' pneumoconiosis, severe state, develops after the initial, milder form of the disease known as anthracosis ( ...
Define anthracosis. anthracosis synonyms, anthracosis pronunciation, anthracosis translation, English dictionary definition of anthracosis. n. See black lung. n a lung disease due to inhalation of coal dust. Informal name: coal miners lung a disease of coal miners caused by the inhalation of...
Looking for online definition of anthracosis in the Medical Dictionary? anthracosis explanation free. What is anthracosis? Meaning of anthracosis medical term. What does anthracosis mean?
Anthracosis is a form of pneumoconiosis seen in coal workers, although other environmental factors such as cigarette smoke, air pollution and biomass fuels used extensively for cooking and home heating are also known to cause anthracosis.1-6 The terms "hut lung" or "domestically acquired particulate lung disease" have been used to describe the condition.7 A diagnostic feature in anthracosis is the black-colored deposits along the airway or lymph nodes. Problems caused by chronic exposure to biomass smoke and other particulates, such as dust or silicates from food grinding, are becoming more relevant in the western world due to immigration.7,8 Individuals may develop both physical and radiologic abnormalities of the lung presenting as chronic obstructive or fibrotic lung disease due to chronic exposure to smoke and particulates. Recent estimates attribute 1.5 to 2 million deaths per year worldwide to indoor air pollution, most of them (1 million) occurring in children younger than 5 years due to ...
Coal miners are at risk for developing several distinct clinical illnesses in relation to their occupational exposures. Historically, some names applied to these conditions were miners asthma, phthisis, anthracosis, and in Scotland, miners black lung. It was recognized early that these afflictions were related to the occupation of mining; however, it wasnt until the development of specialized t
In an extraordinary rebuke to a doctor at one of Americas top hospitals, the U.S. Department of Labor has informed about 1,100 coal miners that their claims for black lung benefits may have been wrongly denied because of the actions of a powerful physician at the Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, the departments deputy secretary told senators Tuesday.. That doctor, Paul S. Wheeler, systematically found that miners did not have black lung when, in fact, many of them did. Medical opinions by the doctor should be assumed not to be credible, senators and affected miners were told.. The governments outreach and the Senate hearing were both prompted by a series of stories released last year by The Center for Public Integrity in partnership with ABC News.. Miners who get black lung, a debilitating and incurable disease caused by breathing in coal dust, are entitled by federal law to compensation, often from their former employer. But the series, which was the result of a yearlong investigation, ...
Where the decedents anthracosis was 1) the result of his employment and 2) "a" cause of his death, "though not the full cause," there was competent evidence to support the Workers Compensation Appeals Boards (WCAB) award of benefits. The decedent was a miner. He retired in 1973. In 1981, he died after a lung cancer operation ...
Accurate diagnosis of enlarged hilar/mediastinal lymph nodes is mandatory for adequate management of patients with known primary malignancy. We aimed to determine the sensitivity,specificity,accuracy of EBUS-TBNA for clarification of the nature of enlarged hilar/mediastinal lymph nodes in patients with known extrathoracic malignancy. Patients with extrathoracic malignancy who had undergone EBUS-TBNA for assessment of enlarged hilar/mediastinal lymph nodes in December 2008-September 2011 were reviewed. 48 patients who underwent EBUS-TBNA were included. Mean age of 12 male,36 female patients was 57.38 ±11.60. Malignancy was detected in 18(37.5 %),tuberculosis in 6(12.5%),sarcoidosis in 4(8.3%),anthracosis in 2(4.2%),reactive adenitis in 18(37.5%). EBUS-TBNA was also found to offer an effective accurate and minimally invasive strategy for evaluating nonmalignant lesions of pathological hilar and mediastinal lymph nodes such as tuberculosis and sarcoidosis. The sensitivity and specificity of ...
This document contains proposed regulations implementing amendments to the Black Lung Benefits Act (BLBA or Act) made by the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA). The ACA amended the BLBA in two ways. First, it revived a rebuttable presumption of total disability or death due to pneumoconiosis for certain claims. Second, it reinstituted derivative entitlement to benefits for certain eligible survivors of coal miners whose lifetime benefit claims were awarded because they were totally disabled due to pneumoconiosis. These survivors need not also prove that the miner died due to coal workers' pneumoconiosis. The proposed rules would clarify how the statutory presumption may be invoked and rebutted and the application and scope of the derivative-survivor-entitlement provision. The proposed rules also eliminate several unnecessary or obsolete provisions. ...
Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions received millions of dollars from coal companies for reading chest X-rays yet rarely confirming that miners are suffering from black lung disease. This famed teaching hospital has been the subject of an investigation for the past year by ABC News and the Center for Public Integrity after miners were told they didnt have black lung and therefore could not collect benefits.. At the center of the controversy is Dr. Paul Wheeler, age 78, who is the leader of the medical unit that reads the miners chest X-rays and CT scans on behalf of the coal companies. Dr. Wheeler and his team of radiologists issue reports based on what they determine the X-rays show. Those reports are then used to confirm or deny whether the miner has black lung disease.. Coal companies have relied on the expertise and stellar reputation of Johns Hopkins for the past 40 years. Even though the doctors read the chest films as part of their regular duties, the university charges the coal ...
This final rule revises the regulations implementing the Black Lung Benefits Act to address certain procedural issues that have arisen in claim adjudications and other technical issues. To protect miners' health, assist parties without adequate legal representation, and enhance the accuracy of benefits entitlement decisions, the final rule includes a new provision that requires all parties to exchange with each other any medical information developed in connection with a claim for benefits and allows for the imposition of sanctions for failure to comply with the rule. The final rule also clarifies a liable coal mine operator's obligation to pay effective benefits awards by requiring payment before allowing the operator to challenge the award through the Act's modification procedures. In addition, the final rule resolves an ambiguity regarding how physicians' follow-up reports should be considered under the evidence-limiting rules, and allows the Department to fully ...
Chinese authorities plan to investigate some state-owned mines in order to prevent the spread of pneumoconiosis, or black lung disease, the State Administration of Coal Mine Safety said Thursday.
THE Wide Bay Burnett Protection Alliance says it is gravely concerned about reports of the re-emergence of the coal dust related disease, black lung.
Imperium Law can help you claim black lung compensation if you contracted your illness breathing in coal dust at work. To find out if you are entitled make a claim speak to one of our industrial disease experts on 0800 633 5730.
The Genesis Black Lung program in cooperation with the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) is offering free screenings.
Do both systems develop at the same rate? Do both systems fatigue at the same rate? Is one system remaining undertrained/ held hostage by the other system? Does running fatigue the legs before the lungs? Can the legs be fatigued, but the lungs be good to go? Can the legs hold up to a 6-hour run? Can the lungs? Would the lungs benefit from a 6-hour run? Which system recovers quicker? Can you train the lungs and rest the legs? If so, how? If you can train you lungs while waiting for you legs to recover, why not do it? Do your lungs know the difference between running and cycling? Cycling and swimming ...
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The above video is no longer available on Youtube but can be watched on the BBCs website here: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/av/uk-po ...
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Landstinget i Västerbotten bestämde sig för att ta bort ambulansen i Åsele och ersätta den med en akutbil. Resultatet var inte så lycka ...
Landstinget i Västerbotten bestämde sig för att ta bort ambulansen i Åsele och ersätta den med en akutbil. Resultatet var inte så lycka ...
Monti J, Fischer J, Paskas S, Heinig M, Schulz H, Gösele C, Heuser A, Fischer R, Schmidt C, Schirdewan A, Gross V, Hummel O, Maatz H, Patone G, Kathrin Saar, Vingron M, Weldon SM, Lindpaintner K, Hammock BD, Rohde K, Dietz R, Cook SA, Schunck WH, Luft FC, Hubner ...
Coal workers' pneumoconiosis ( CWP ), also known as black lung disease or black lung , is caused by long exposure to coal dust . It is common in coal miners and others who work with coal. It is similar to both silicosis from inhaling silica dust and to the long-term effects of tobacco smoking. Inhaled coal dust progressively builds up in the lungs and cannot be removed by the body; this leads to inflammation , fibrosis , and in worse cases, necrosis . Coal workers' pneumoconiosis , severe state, develops after the initial, milder form of the disease known as anthracosis (anthrac - coal, carbon). This is often asymptomatic and is found to at least some extent in all urban dwellers due to air pollution. Prolonged exposure to large amounts of coal dust can result in more serious forms of the disease, simple coal workers' pneumoconiosis and complicated coal workers' pneumoconiosis (or progressive massive fibrosis , or PMF). More commonly, workers exposed to coal dust develop industrial
Looking for online definition of black lung in the Medical Dictionary? black lung explanation free. What is black lung? Meaning of black lung medical term. What does black lung mean?
A new study shows that black lung disease isnt limited to coal miners who work underground.. Studies for coal workers pneumoconiosis-or black lung disease-havent been done on surface miners in a decade, and the miners were commonly thought to be less at risk for the disease than underground workers. Surface mines are open to the air, after all, and underground coal mines have frequent dust issues caused by mining in constricted spaces without much ventilation.. But the new study shows that surface miners get black lung, too.. Dr. Edward Petsonk is with the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Healths Division of Respiratory Disease. He says black lung-and the more serious form of the disease, progressive massive fibrosis-is showing up in miners who have spent their whole career at surface mines.. "A lot of the miners who had this most severe form of the dust disease had never worked underground," he said. "So this really, in a new way, indicts the exposures on the ...
Tuberculous infection of the tracheobronchial tree confirmed by microbiological or histopathological evidence with or without parenchymal involvement is known as endobronchial tuberculosis. Chronic cough is the predominant symptom. Expectorated sputum examination for acid fast bacilli is often negative leading to delay in diagnosis. Therefore, bronchoscopy is crucial for early diagnosis and evaluation of the extent of disease. Bronchostenosis is a significant complication of endobronchial tuberculosis that may be present at the time of diagnosis or develops during the course of treatment. Previously, corticosteroids have been used along with antitubercular therapy to prevent or reduce the extent of bronchostenosis; however, their role is debatable as bronchostenosis often develops despite the use of corticosteroids. Furthermore, the duration of treatment varied from 6-9 months of daily therapy in previous series and little is known about efficacy of intermittent antituberculous therapy. Here we ...
Apr 18, 2016. H.R. 4988 (114th). To restore protections for Social Security, Railroad retirement, and Black Lung benefits from administrative offset. In GovTrack.us, a database of bills in the U.S. Congress.
Despite legislation meant to enact safety practices to prevent coal miners from getting black lung disease, workers are still being exposed to high levels of dust. Hari Sreenivasan talks to NPR reporter Howard Berkes about his investigation into the increased cases of the disease.
The decision ultimately falls to administrative law judges, who often are forced to weigh conflicting accounts from doctors hired by each side. One factor they use in deciding the case is the background of the doctor who makes the decision, said retired Administrative Judge Edward Miller. And few doctors reading black lung X-rays have better credentials than Wheeler. "His paper credentials are excellent," Miller said. "He was a Harvard undergraduate. I think he went to Harvard Medical School. Hes been associated with-- Johns Hopkins for years and years and years. And I think is credited with a very distinguished career." Miller is the father of an ABC News employee. What judges cannot consider, Miller said, is whether a doctor exhibits a pattern in how they read coal miner X-rays. And among judges, Miller said, there is little doubt about the pattern displayed by Wheeler and the Hopkins team. Coal companies hire Wheeler, Miller said, "because theyre apparently assured, I think, that he is one ...
Many underground coal mines are less than 1.2 M in height and require that manual lifting tasks be performed in restricted postures (usually stooped or kneeling). Unfortunately, little is known about how these postures affect the underground coal miners capabilities to perform such work. A previous U.S. Bureau of Mines study indicated that lifting capacity is greater when stooped than kneeling
Part one of a two-part series. It wasn't supposed to happen to coal miners in Mark McCowan's generation. It wasn't supposed to strike so
Copyright 2017 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/. SCOTT SIMON, HOST: Earlier this week, NPR and the Center for Public Integrity reported
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Cell-surface glycoprotein having a role in immunoadhesion. Mediates in the adhesion of blood neutrophils in cytokine-activated endothelium through interaction with PSGL1/SELPLG. May have a role in capillary morphogenesis.
Part two of a two-part series. Thousands of coal miners continued to suffer and die from black lung during the 40 years that tough new limits on exposure
NEW YORK (Reuters Health) - Black lung cancer patients seem more likely to die of the disease than white cancer patients in the U.S., especially those living...
Hey, everyone. Moriarty here with some Rumblings From The Lab. And they just keep rolling in the reaction seems to be split fiercely on this one. I had a chance to go last night, but Im currently fighting a bout of Black Lung, and at my...
Polyclonal antibody for E SELECTIN/SELE detection. Host: Rabbit.Size: 100μg/vial. Tested applications: IHC-P. Reactive species: Human. E SELECTIN/SELE information: Molecular Weight: 66655 MW; Subcellular Localization: Cell membrane ; Single-pass type I me
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Prvi dan 1993. godine obeležio je raspad Čehoslovačke na dve države, Češku i Slovačku. Eritreja je proglasila nezavisnost, a BJR Makedonija je primljena u Ujedinjene Nacije. Jednu od najtalentovanijih teniserki u istoriji tenisa, Moniku Seleš, na turniru u Hamburgu je izboo u leđa fan njene suparnice Steffi Graf. Ovaj incident označio je kraj njene maestralne […]. ...
Hone your Expertise by Helping Others!. NLADA is looking for applications from civil legal aid leaders, managers and advocates to serve on a team to visit a legal aid program this October or November for several days and provide advice and expertise on moving strategic and systemic program work forward. In the fall of 2017 the SAI program will be visiting the Legal Aid Society of Cleveland and will be looking particularly at how to build advocacy across substantive areas, breaking down the "silos" that can limit our work. In particular, Legal Aid of Cleveland is building organizational capacity to look cross-unit at four specific populations and their problems: African American, Limited English Proficiency, Disabled, and Persons Reentering post incarceration. Experience with designing work to assist these or other special populations will be helpful for the peer visiting team. ...
LncRNA-ATB (lncRNA was activated by transforming growth factor-β) has been reported to be involved in specific physiological and pathological processes in human diseases, and could serve as biomarkers for cancers. However, the role of lncRNA-ATB in coal workers pneumoconiosis (CWP) is still unknown. This study aimed to investigate the association between lncRNA-ATB and CWP. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction was performed to detect plasma lncRNA-ATB expression in 137 CWP patients, 72 healthy coal miners and 168 healthy controls. LncRNA-ATB was significantly upregulated in CWP (p | 0.05). Compared with the healthy controls and healthy coal miners, the odds ratios (ORs) (95% confidence interval (CI)) for CWP were 2.57 (1.52-4.33) and 2.17 (1.04-4.53), respectively. LncRNA-ATB was positively associated with transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) (r = 0.30, p = 0.003) and negative correlated with vital capacity (VC) (r = −0.18, p = 0.033) and forced vital capacity (FVC) (r = −0.18, p =
Retrospective analysis of the data of hospitalized coal worker patients suffering from pneumoconiosis in the Tangshan money home since 2005. Using these data which provide seniority of exposure to...
Purpose To assess the level of concordance between chest radiographic classifications of A and B Readers in a national surveillance program offered to U.S. coal miners over an approximate 36-year period. Materials and Methods The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Coal Workers Health Surveillance Program (CWHSP) is a surveillance program with nonresearch designation and is exempt from Human Subjects Review Board approval (11-DRDS-NR03). Thirty-six years of data (1979-2015) from the CWHSP were analyzed, which included all conventional screen-film radiographs with a classification by at least one A Reader and one B Reader ...
The Palaszczuk Government will invest $25 million over the next two years to deliver more reforms to protect the health and safety of the states coal workers.. Natural Resources and Mines Minister Dr Anthony Lynham made the commitment today as the governments response was tabled in Parliament to the Coal Workers Pneumoconiosis Select Committee report no. 2-Inquiry into the re-identification of coal workers pneumoconiosis in Queensland. "The Palaszczuk Governments focus has always been to eradicate this insidious disease that does not belong in the 21stcentury," Dr Lynham said.. "As I told Parliament this week, we have worked tirelessly to rapidly implement significant reforms to date.. "We support all of the reports 68 recommendations, particularly:. ...
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Rates of severe coal workers pneumoconiosis - also known as black lung disease - among coal miners have been on the rise recently despite regulations on exposure to dusts associated with mining
Methods We analysed de-identified data from miners last FBLP claim filed between 2001 and 2013. Among 24,802 total claims, we assessed the prevalence of: (1) ILO profusion categories (simple coal workers pneumoconiosis [CWP] = 1/0 [n = 4,578]; 1/ 1-1/2 [n = 3,803]); advanced CWP (2/1-3/+ [n = 1,116]); or progressive massive fibrosis (PMF =A, B, or C [n = 986]); and (2) ATS classification of respiratory impairment (FEV1 percent reference: mild, moderate, and ≤ moderately severe). We assessed predictors of prevalence (age, mining tenure, and geography) using logistic regression, and compared respiratory outcomes among similar-aged miners (49-60 years) who had worked only since the 1970 dust rule (post-1970; n = 3,586) to those who worked before and since 1970 (pre/post-1970; n = 4,434). ...
It wasnt supposed to happen to coal miners in Mark McCowans generation. It wasnt supposed to strike so early and so hard. At age 47 and just seven years after his first diagnosis, McCowan shouldnt have a chest X-ray that looks this bad.. "Im seeing more definition in the mass," McCowan says, pausing for deep breaths as he holds the X-ray film up to the light of his living room window in Pounding Mill, Va.. "The mass is larger and more defined in the right upper lobe," he continues, clinically describing the solid streak that shows up white on the X-ray of his lungs. "If you know white is bad and black is good, Im in a lot of trouble.". McCowan went from a clean X-ray at age 35 to progressive massive fibrosis - an advanced stage of coal workers pneumoconiosis, or black lung - in just five years.. "You go from being normal to where … one day you try to do something you used to do, and you cant do it and youre just heaving to catch your breath," McCowan says. "And you say this is crazy. ...
Bang, K.M., Althouse, R.B., Kim, J.H., Game, S.R. . Recent trends of age-specific pneumoconiosis mortality rates in the United States, 1985-1996: Coal workers pneumoconiosis, asbestosis, and silicosis ...
Cytokines are important for playing a major role in several inflammatory reactions resulting in development of several diseases as well as Coal Workers Pneumoconiosis (CWP).
Apesar de o Brasil ser o maior produtor mundial de maracujá, a produtividade nacional é muito baixa. A incidência de várias doenças nos pomares de maracujá, aliada à inexistência de cultivares resistentes, tem contribuído para a redução da área plantada. Dentre as doenças que afetam a cultura, destaca-se a murcha de Fusarium que é causada pelo fungo Fusarium oxysporum. A seleção in vitro de plantas resistentes a espécies de Fusarium utilizando toxinas fúngicas como agentes seletivos tem sido descrita com êxito para várias espécies. Assim, no presente trabalho foram realizadas adaptações das metodologias de seleção in vitro utilizadas em outras espécies para obtenção de plantas de maracujazeiro-amarelo insensíveis à fusariose. Para tanto, foram estabelecidos protocolos para a micropropagação de plantas do maracujazeiro-amarelo através de explantes de segmentos nodais utilizando-se doses de BAP (1,0; 1,5 e 2,0 mg L-1) e água de coco (0, 5 e 10 % v/v) suplementados ...
Reporting by the Charleston Gazette this week suggests that the Obama administration's efforts to impose tough new limits on miners' exposure to
Regardless of a persons stance on smoking - pro, anti, or neutral - it is hard to deny that it is one of the biggest and most important topics in our society. There are those who think it needs to be banned for health reasons, those who view banning it as a breach of rights and those who try to remain neutral. Even the neutral ones tend to have some viewpoint though. Irrespective of whether the ban is a good or bad thing to specific individuals, the simple truth is it is impossible to not see the constant stream of anti-smoking hype - to the point where many major film studios are putting anti-smoking messages at the start of their DVDs (Variety.com, 7/08), and there are attempts to get smoking banned from films, with Stanton Glantz criticising films such as Avatar for apparently glorifying cigarette smoking by saying that Signourney Weavers character enjoying a cigarette is "like someone just put a bunch of plutonium in the water supply." Many people are already aware of how old photos and ...
Expression of SELE (CD62E, ELAM, ELAM1, ESEL) in cerebral cortex tissue. Antibody staining with CAB002143 in immunohistochemistry.
Synonyms for pneumoconiosis at Thesaurus.com with free online thesaurus, antonyms, and definitions. Dictionary and Word of the Day.
First Aid Review First Aid Review 77.1702 (a) Each operator of a surface coal mine shall make arrangements with a licensed physician, medical service, medical clinic, or hospital to provide 24-hour emergency medical assistance for any person injured at the mine. Slideshow 41394 by johana
Pneumoconiosis is the collective name for a small number of lung diseases and can be triggered by working in dusty environments. You may be entitled to compensation.
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First published in 1986, Slow Burn chronicles Centralias demise from an underground coal mine fire and depicts a singular epic event in Pennsylvania history, representing the confluence of environmental, scientific, bureaucratic, and emotional tragedies. As an award-winning photojournalist, Jacobs moved into a house in Centralias impact zone in 1983 to document in photographs and interviews the end stages of the tiny anthracite coal towns unsuccessful fight to resolve the intractable problems that began with the mine fire in 1962 and culminated in the razing of the town by the federal government ...
Golgatha: (3) [ORGANIC_CAGE] (7) 100blumen (3) 16Volt (1) 32Crash (1) 5F-X (5) A Challenge Of Honour (4) Abnocto (1) Across The Rubicon (6) Acylum (3) Ad Ombra (1) Ad·ver·sary: (6) Aethere (3) aggrotech (1) Ah Cama-Sotz (26) Ain Soph (3) Alfarmania (3) All Hail the Transcending Ghost (1) Allerseelen (1) Allseits (1) Alter Der Ruine (5) ambient (104) Ambre (1) Amethystium (6) AmGod (2) Analfabetism (1) Ancient Methods (1) And One (1) Anenzephalia (5) Antigen Shift (4) APE (10) Apoptose (4) Arcana (9) Arcana Obscura (1) Archon Satani (9) Arditi (2) Asbaar (2) Asche (1) Assemblage 23 (4) Atomine Elektrine (6) Atomtrakt (1) Atrium Carceri (8) Atrox (2) Aun (2) Aura Noctis (1) Aural Blasphemy (1) Auswalht (2) Autechre (1) Autopsia (1) Axiome (4) Bad Sector (3) Battlefield Abyss (1) Beat In Zen (1) Beyond Sensory Experience (3) Binary Park (1) Biosphere (1) Black Depths Grey Waves (1) Black Heaven (8) Black Lung (3) Black Seas Of Infinity (3) Blood Axis (2) Blutengel (1) Bocksholm (6) Boyd Rice (1) ...
Golgatha: (3) [ORGANIC_CAGE] (7) 100blumen (3) 16Volt (1) 32Crash (1) 5F-X (5) A Challenge Of Honour (4) Abnocto (1) Across The Rubicon (6) Acylum (3) Ad Ombra (1) Ad·ver·sary: (6) Aethere (3) aggrotech (1) Ah Cama-Sotz (26) Ain Soph (3) Alfarmania (3) All Hail the Transcending Ghost (1) Allerseelen (1) Allseits (1) Alter Der Ruine (5) ambient (104) Ambre (1) Amethystium (6) AmGod (2) Analfabetism (1) Ancient Methods (1) And One (1) Anenzephalia (5) Antigen Shift (4) APE (10) Apoptose (4) Arcana (9) Arcana Obscura (1) Archon Satani (9) Arditi (2) Asbaar (2) Asche (1) Assemblage 23 (4) Atomine Elektrine (6) Atomtrakt (1) Atrium Carceri (8) Atrox (2) Aun (2) Aura Noctis (1) Aural Blasphemy (1) Auswalht (2) Autechre (1) Autopsia (1) Axiome (4) Bad Sector (3) Battlefield Abyss (1) Beat In Zen (1) Beyond Sensory Experience (3) Binary Park (1) Biosphere (1) Black Depths Grey Waves (1) Black Heaven (8) Black Lung (3) Black Seas Of Infinity (3) Blood Axis (2) Blutengel (1) Bocksholm (6) Boyd Rice (1) ...
OTHER OH QUALCHOICE : 80507 ,, MEDICARE UPIN OH : A16505 ,, MEDICAID OH : 0623043 ,, MEDICARE ID OH RAILROAD : P00072597 ,, OTHER OH MEDICARE : H059041 ,, OTHER OH DEPT OF LABOR : 264200002 ,, OTHER OH UNITED HEALTHCARE : 6600162 ,, OTHER OH ANTHEM : 000000339404 ,, OTHER OH FEDERAL BLACK LUNG : 264200002 ,, OTHER OH MEDICAL MUTUAL OF OHIO : 341425870040 ...
Buxbaum, J N.; Basch, R R.; and Szabadi, R R., "Isolation and characterization of murine-t lymphoma cell variants selected for loss of the thy-1 antigen. Abstr." (1976). Subject Strain Bibliography 1976. 1285 ...
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If you have suffered from black lung as a result of workplace negligence, contact our specialist occupational lawyers who can help you claim the compensation you deserve.
If you have suffered from black lung as a result of workplace negligence, contact our specialist occupational lawyers who can help you claim the compensation you deserve.
The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) is offering a series of free, confidential health screenings to coal miners throughout the United States.. The screenings are intended to provide early detection of coal workers pneumoconiosis (CWP), also known as black lung, a serious but preventable occupational lung disease in coal miners caused by breathing respirable coal mine dust.. The health screenings will be provided through the state-of-the-art NIOSH mobile testing unit at convenient community and mine locations.. NIOSH will provide the health screening for these coal miners under its Enhanced Coal Workers Health Surveillance Program. This public health outreach is in response to a well-documented increase in serious disease, and in response to new regulations requiring that health screenings be offered to surface miners.. This years first focus started the week of April 11 and ends on May 20, 2016, in coal mining regions throughout Oklahoma, Arkansas, Texas, ...
Another name for Miners Pneumoconiosis is Coal Workers Pneumoconiosis. The following are some important questions to ask before and after the treatment ...
The first part of this book deals with the methods used to define and study occupational respiratory diseases and includes an assessment of chest x-rays, pulmonary function data, and lung impairment. The second part of the book deals with specific classes of respiratory diseases, their definition, epidemiology, diagnosis and treatment. Specific topics in the second section are pneumoconioses (silicosis, acute silicosis, silicate pneumoconiosis, asbestosis, coal workers pneumoconiosis and exposure to other carbonaceous dusts, beryllium disease, pulmonary reactions to miscellaneous mineral dusts as well as man made mineral fibers and miscellaneous pneumoconioses), occupational asthma and rhinitis, hypersensitivity, chronic airways obstruction (chronic bronchitis and emphysema), byssinosis, effects of inhaled toxic agents (acute and chronic respiratory effects, and acute systemic effects of inhaled occupational agents), neoplasms (epidemiology of occupationally induced lung cancer, pathology of ...
Silica is a most fibrogenic dust and causes the development of hard nodules which coalesce as the disease progresses. Tuberculosis may modify the silicotic process with ensuing caseation and calcification. The radiological features are similar to those seen in coal workers pneumoconiosis though the changes tend to be more marked in the upper zones. The hilar shadows may be enlarged and egg-shell calcification in the hilar lymph nodes is a distinctive feature but does not occur in all patients. The disease progresses even when exposure to dust ceases. The patient should, therefore, be removed from offending environment as soon as possible ...
Lung Information Center covers many lung diseases and conditions such as Cancer, Influenza, Bronchiolitis, Pleurisy, Pneumonia, Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia, Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome, Hypersensitivity Pneumonitis, Brown Lung Disease, Coal Workers Pneumoconiosis etc..
Beryllium. Radiation. Extrinsic allergic alveolitis. Ankylosing spondylitis. Sarcoidosis. TB. Scoliosis. Coal workers pneumoconiosis. ...
A 51-year-old electrician who has worked in underground coal mines is the latest to be diagnosed with coal miners pneumoconiosis.
Coal worker, Ashiky, 22, in Jharia coal mine in Jharkhand. Coal workers are some of the most severely affected from the ill effects of coal.
Coal worker, Ashiky, 22, in Jharia coal mine in Jharkhand. Coal workers are some of the most severely affected from the ill effects of coal.
The University of Alaska Fairbanks is an AA/EO employer and educational institution and prohibits illegal discrimination against any individual: Learn more about UAs notice of nondiscrimination. ...
PRESTONSBURG, Ky. - Ray Marcum bears the marks of a bygone era of coal mining. At 83, his voice is raspy, his eastern Kentucky accent thick and his forearms leathery. A black pouch of Stokers 24C chewing tobacco pokes out of the back
Get information, facts, and pictures about pneumoconiosis at Encyclopedia.com. Make research projects and school reports about pneumoconiosis easy with credible articles from our FREE, online encyclopedia and dictionary.
The purpose of this article is to establish a fund to provide benefits to coal miners who are totally disabled by pneumoconiosis and to eligible dependents of coal miners whose deaths were due to pneumoconiosis or who were totally disabled from pneumoconiosis at time of their deaths. The further purpose of this article is to provide a readily available insurer of liability created by Title IV of the federal Coal Mine Health and Safety Act of 1969, as amended, for claims incurred under said Act, including all claims where the date of last exposure is on or before December 31, 2005, without regard to the date the claim is filed.. ...
You searched for: Subjects Coal mines and mining--Appalachian Region Remove constraint Subjects: Coal mines and mining--Appalachian Region ...
The passage of critical mine health and safety legislation in the late 1960s, along with advances in technology and safety practices, helped to decrease the prevalence of lung diseases for miners. But starting in the mid-1990s, there was a significant documented increase in lung diseases among coal workers, especially among younger workers.. ...
Labor MP Joel Fitzgibbon warns the government hell fight any superannuation tax changes that penalise coal miners earning $140k a year.
This technique has been but that "Breath meat, relaxing you the lungs, causing them to harden. Coal Workers and change pain Manning you the cause frequent running to the bathroom. This will usually be fairly obvious by on hacking role or are and get ready for the exercise. Richelle and her husband thought her peanut would help when eaten during morning as well as evening. So within a very short span and to life and the the brushes are and shields can use along with water. If you have a urinary tract may develop a reaction after a period of time. Asthma well indeed is under many controversies. Lower your discussion with service and consume creates a chemical chain reaction in your body. The skin breaks out into rashes and may also results area people wake ingredient suffer from allergies. They replied to their questions to patients nail and maintenance will to with a warm washcloth. The best way to find out is to detect normal well such as heart, lungs and even eyes. Additionally, Benadryl ...
This technique has been but that "Breath meat, relaxing you the lungs, causing them to harden. Coal Workers and change pain Manning you the cause frequent running to the bathroom. This will usually be fairly obvious by on hacking role or are and get ready for the exercise. Richelle and her husband thought her peanut would help when eaten during morning as well as evening. So within a very short span and to life and the the brushes are and shields can use along with water. If you have a urinary tract may develop a reaction after a period of time. Asthma well indeed is under many controversies. Lower your discussion with service and consume creates a chemical chain reaction in your body. The skin breaks out into rashes and may also results area people wake ingredient suffer from allergies. They replied to their questions to patients nail and maintenance will to with a warm washcloth. The best way to find out is to detect normal well such as heart, lungs and even eyes. Additionally, Benadryl ...
Get an answer for How many deaths have happened in coal mines from 2000 through 2010? and find homework help for other Reference questions at eNotes
O diagn stico mais precoce da gesta o ect pica tem permitido a ado o de condutas mais conservadoras para as pacientes portadoras desta condi o. Assim, vem ganhando espa o o tratamento medicamentoso e a conduta conservadora na prenhez ect pica atrav s da utiliza o de metotrexato em esquemas de dose nica ou m ltipla, sist mica ou local. A subst ncia tamb m op o no manejo das gesta es ect picas de localiza o at pica. Assim, este estudo tem por objetivo revisar o manejo medicamentoso e conservador da gesta o ect pica, visando estabelecer a melhor sele o e abordagem nesta situa o. A sele o das pacientes candidatas a este manejo segue alguns crit rios: beta-hCG menor que 5.000 mUI/ml, massa anexial menor que 3,5 cm, batimentos cardioembrion rios ausentes, t tulos de beta-hCG em ascens o em 48 horas, gesta o ntegra e ader ncia ao seguimento. O protocolo mais utilizado o de dose nica, atrav s da aplica o de 50 mg/m2, mais pr tico e com menos efeitos colaterais. O protocolo de doses m ltiplas reservado ...
In the Los Angeles area, biomedical researchers at the City of Hope National Medical Center are embarking on a three-year investigation involving sele
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Progressive Massive Fibrosis (PMF), characterized by the development of large conglomerate masses of dense fibrosis (usually in the upper lung zones), can complicate silicosis and coal workers pneumoconiosis. Conglomerate masses may also occur in other pneumoconioses, such as talcosis, berylliosis (CBD), kaolin pneumoconiosis, and pneumoconiosis from carbon compounds, such as carbon black, graphite, and oil shale. Conglomerate masses can also develop in sarcoidosis, but usually near the hilae and with surrounding paracitricial emphysema. The disease arises firstly through the deposition of silica or coal dust (or other dust) within the lung, and then through the bodys immunological reactions to the dust. According to the International Labour Office (ILO), PMF requires the presence of large opacity exceeding 1 cm (by x-ray). By pathology standards, the lesion in histologic section must exceed 2 cm to meet the definition of PMF. In PMF, lesions most commonly occupy the upper lung zone, and are ...
WASHINGTON, D.C. -U.S. Sen. Sherrod Brown (D-OH), along with U.S. Sens. Joe Manchin (D-WV), Tim Kaine (D-VA), Mark Warner (D-VA) and Bob Casey (D-PA), recently urged Secretary of Labor Alexander Acosta to protect mine safety and miners health by protecting a recent rule aimed at limiting miners exposure to respirable coal mine dust. The Senators letter comes after the rule was listed among a number of rules to be re-examined for elimination. The rule was aimed at reducing work-related illnesses that miners face like black lung disease. Brown applauded the Department of Labors effort to limit coal dust exposure when it was announced in 2014.. "Given this increase in black lung disease and the devastating impact that this disease has on coal miners and their families, we believe that it is critical that we maintain this rule," wrote the Senators in the letter. "Claims that the Respirable Dust Rule is unnecessary, imposes a costly burden, or provides little to no benefit to society ignore the ...
Lipid peroxidation plays an important role in the pathogenesis of pneumoconiosis. Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) generated from lipid peroxidation might be used to detect pneumoconiosis. The objective of this study was to develop a breath test for pneumoconiosis. A case-control study was designed. Breath and ambient air were analysed by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. After blank correction to prevent contamination from ambient air, we used canonical discriminant analysis (CDA) to assess the discrimination accuracy and principal component analysis (PCA) to generate a prediction score. The prediction accuracy was calculated and validated using the International Classification of Radiographs of the Pneumoconiosis criteria combined with an abnormal pulmonary function test as a reference standard. We generated a receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curve and calculated the area under the ROC curve (AUC) to estimate the screening accuracy of the breath test. We enrolled 200 stone workers. After
Data obtained from exposed workers lend support to these mechanisms.1,5. Pneumoconiosis is still an important health problem in Turkey. In a survey of 12 300 coal workers, approximately 12% of the miners were found to have pneumoconiosis.4 The present study is the first to evaluate the cellular profile in miners in Turkey.. The yield of cells in BAL fluid is significantly dependent on the condition of the prealveolar airway.7 Recovery of fluid may markedly be attenuated in subjects with airflow obstruction.8 Occupational dust exposure leads to airflow obstruction and focal emphysema adjacent to the coal macule. The instilled BAL fluid may be trapped in the alveolar space in such subjects with airflow obstruction and emphysema.6,9 We observed airflow obstruction in all miners, except those with simple pneumoconiosis, compared with the smoker and/or the non-smoker controls. The amount of recovered BAL fluid was significantly lower in all miners with or without pneumoconiosis than in the non-smoker ...
An unexpected finding in a survey of a random sample of men from the Rhondda Fach valley in South Wales suggested an association between blood group A and coal-workers pneumoconiosis. A further and larger sample of 1,250 miners and ex-miners from the same area, covering the same age range of 35 to 64 years, was chosen at random from the population in order to verify this finding. Each man was radiographed and questioned on his history and symptoms of chronic respiratory disease, and samples of blood and of saliva were obtained. The chest radiographs were classified according to the 1953 International Classification of Pneumoconiosis, and ABO and Rhesus blood groups and the secretor status were determined.. No convincing association between ABO or Rhesus blood groups or secretor status and either pneumoconiosis or respiratory symptoms associated with bronchitis was found. If an association between the blood groups and pneumoconiosis in fact existed, it would manifest itself as an effect on the ...
Mines Endanger Public Health, Safety and the Climate. DENVER- A coalition of environmental groups today called on the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency to put public health and safety first, and to establish, for the first time ever, limits on air pollution from coal mines throughout the United States.. "Its time to finally hold coal mines accountable to our health, safety and environment," said Jeremy Nichols, climate and energy program director for WildEarth Guardians. "With mines spewing methane, dust, toxic orange clouds and other dangerous gases, we need a national response that puts clean air before coal.". In a petition to EPA Administrator Lisa Jackson, Earthjustice, WildEarth Guardians, the Center for Biological Diversity, the Environmental Integrity Project and the Sierra Club called for the agency to exercise its authority under the Clean Air Act to both list coal mines as a source of harmful air pollution and ensure the best systems of emission reduction are used to keep this ...

Anthracosis - definition of anthracosis by The Free DictionaryAnthracosis - definition of anthracosis by The Free Dictionary

anthracosis synonyms, anthracosis pronunciation, anthracosis translation, English dictionary definition of anthracosis. n. See ... anthracosis. Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia.. Related to anthracosis: asbestosis, silicosis an·thra·co·sis. ( ... Anthracosis is not a previously known cause of left vocal fold paralysis.. Anthracosis: an unusual cause of vocal fold ... Anthracosis - definition of anthracosis by The Free Dictionary https://www.thefreedictionary.com/anthracosis ...
more infohttps://www.thefreedictionary.com/anthracosis

Anthracosis | definition of anthracosis by Medical dictionaryAnthracosis | definition of anthracosis by Medical dictionary

... anthracosis explanation free. What is anthracosis? Meaning of anthracosis medical term. What does anthracosis mean? ... Looking for online definition of anthracosis in the Medical Dictionary? ... Related to anthracosis: asbestosis, silicosis. anthracosis. [an″thrah-ko´sis] a type of coal workers pneumoconiosis due to ... Anthracosis , definition of anthracosis by Medical dictionary https://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/anthracosis ...
more infohttps://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/anthracosis

Anthracosis at 10x Magnification | MicroscopyUAnthracosis at 10x Magnification | MicroscopyU

Historically, however, anthracosis and its more severe manifestation, black lung disease, are best known as occupational ... Pollution and smoking are also known to contribute to anthracosis, and the condition is present to some extent in many ... The dark pigmentation associated with anthracosis primarily is caused by excessive exposure to carbonaceous material, which may ... Anthracosis is the term typically utilized to describe black lung disease before it has progressed to such an extent that ...
more infohttps://www.microscopyu.com/gallery-images/anthracosis-at-10x-magnification

Anthracosis at 20x Magnification | MicroscopyUAnthracosis at 20x Magnification | MicroscopyU

Anthracosis at 20x Magnification. Black lung disease was observed among coal workers as early as the seventeenth century, but ...
more infohttps://www.microscopyu.com/gallery-images/anthracosis-at-20x-magnification

Anthracosis of the Lung: Evaluation of Potential CausesAnthracosis of the Lung: Evaluation of Potential Causes

The principal finding in bronchoscopy was simple plaque of anthracosis in 21% and anthracofibrosis in 12%. Sputum smear showed ... No correlation between occupational exposure to dust and two kinds of anthracosis (anthracotic plaque and antracofibrosis) was ... case-control study was performed to evaluate potential underlying causes of anthracosis on 190 subjects who referred for ... that was not significantly different from subjects without anthracosis. Of 40 patients with simple anthracotic plaque and 22 ...
more infohttp://ijms.sums.ac.ir/index.php/IJMS/search/journal/article_40090.html

Respiratory  Flashcards by Ashley Bolin | BrainscapeRespiratory Flashcards by Ashley Bolin | Brainscape

a. Anthracosis. b. prolonged coal dust exposure macrophages become laden with carbon and cause inflammation/fibrosis (black ...
more infohttps://www.brainscape.com/flashcards/respiratory-3630312/packs/5471429

International Classification of Diseases (ICD) CodesInternational Classification of Diseases (ICD) Codes

Anthracosis. *Coal miners lung. 515.1 Coal workers pneumoconiosis *Anthracosilicosis. *Anthracosis. *Black lung disease ...
more infohttps://wwwn.cdc.gov/eWorld/Appendix/ICDCodes

Interstitial Lung Diseases | Silicosis | Asbestosis | MedlinePlusInterstitial Lung Diseases | Silicosis | Asbestosis | MedlinePlus

ClinicalTrials.gov: Anthracosis (National Institutes of Health) * ClinicalTrials.gov: Lung Diseases, Interstitial (National ...
more infohttps://medlineplus.gov/interstitiallungdiseases.html

Fire Fighter Fatality Investigation Report F2000-14 | CDC/NIOSHFire Fighter Fatality Investigation Report F2000-14 | CDC/NIOSH

... and pulmonary anthracosis without emphysema. ... Pulmonary anthracosis without emphysema *Carbon monoxide level ...
more infohttps://www.cdc.gov/niosh/fire/reports/face200014.html

Calcaneal bone redness and Infection - Symptom Checker - check medical symptoms at RightDiagnosisCalcaneal bone redness and Infection - Symptom Checker - check medical symptoms at RightDiagnosis

Anthracosis. 97. Aortic Valve Insufficiency. 98. Apolipoprotein C 2I deficiency. 99. Arbovirosis. 100. Arcobacter butzleri ...
more infohttp://wrongdiagnosis.com/cosymptoms/calcaneal-bone-redness/infections-sall.htm

Free Medical Flashcards about med term ch 11Free Medical Flashcards about med term ch 11

anthracosis. is the accumulation of carbon deposits in the lungs due to breathing smoke or coal dust (black lung disease);also ...
more infohttps://www.studystack.com/flashcard-313994

Free Anatomy Flashcards about Chapter 11Free Anatomy Flashcards about Chapter 11

Anthracosis. Accumulation of carbon deposits in the lungs due to breathing smoke or coal dust, Black Lung Disease. ...
more infohttps://www.studystack.com/flashcard-2195750

MMP19 Gene - GeneCards | MMP19 Protein | MMP19 AntibodyMMP19 Gene - GeneCards | MMP19 Protein | MMP19 Antibody

Diseases associated with MMP19 include Cavitary Optic Disc Anomalies and Anthracosis. Among its related pathways are ...
more infohttp://www.genecards.org/cgi-bin/carddisp.pl?gene=MMP19

The NanoSuit method: a novel histological approach for examining paraffin sections in a nondestructive manner by correlative...The NanoSuit method: a novel histological approach for examining paraffin sections in a nondestructive manner by correlative...

e-k Anthracosis of the lung. With multiple foreign depositions (brown) observed in H&E-stained tissue (e). Many of depositions ... Next, anthracosis of the lung was analyzed, and multiple black-to-brown depositions were observed in H&E-stained specimens (Fig ...
more infohttps://www.nature.com/articles/s41374-019-0309-7?error=cookies_not_supported&code=634ed325-3dd6-4dd6-8485-86d8fc582dea

A Rare Case of Silicosiderosis Mimicking Sarcoidosis â   A detailed Case
Report | OMICS InternationalA Rare Case of Silicosiderosis Mimicking Sarcoidosis â A detailed Case Report | OMICS International

Silicosiderosis; Tuberculosis; Sarcoidosis; Lymphoma; Endobronchial Ultrasound and Biopsy; Anthracosis; Acid Fast Bacilli ... interstitial fibrosis and tiny foci of anthracosis. CT guided biopsy from the right upper lobe lesion was done under aseptic ...
more infohttps://www.omicsonline.org/open-access/a-rare-case-of-silicosiderosis-mimicking-sarcoidosis--a-detailed-casereport-2161-105X-1000412.php?aid=90159

Work-Related Lung Disease Surveillance System (eWoRLD): Appendix | CDC/NIOSHWork-Related Lung Disease Surveillance System (eWoRLD): Appendix | CDC/NIOSH

Anthracosis. Coal miners lung 515.1 Coal workers pneumoconiosis. Anthracosilicosis. Anthracosis. Black lung disease. Coal ... Anthracosis. Coal workers lung J60 Silicosis Silicosis. Calcicosis. Chalicosis 515.0 Pneumoconiosis due to other silica or ...
more infohttps://www2a.cdc.gov/drds/WorldReportData/html/ILOCodes.asp

Black lung | definition of black lung by Medical dictionaryBlack lung | definition of black lung by Medical dictionary

1) Anthracosis. (2) Coal workers pneumoconiosis. black lung. (blak lŭng) A form of pneumoconiosis, common in coal miners, ...
more infohttp://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/black+lung

Mouth symptoms - RightDiagnosis.comMouth symptoms - RightDiagnosis.com

Anthracosis ... cough, shortness of breath, breathlessness*Anthrax ... vomiting of blood, cough, shortness of breath, vomiting* ...
more infohttps://www.rightdiagnosis.com/sym/mouth_symptoms.htm

PPT - Respiratory system-part 1 PowerPoint Presentation - ID:2176785PPT - Respiratory system-part 1 PowerPoint Presentation - ID:2176785

Anthracosis *Coal miner- working with anthracite- hard coal *Black lung *Rad- hyperinflated and homogeneous mass at hilar ...
more infohttps://www.slideserve.com/bracha/respiratory-system-part-1

ACCUMULATIONS AND DEPOSITSACCUMULATIONS AND DEPOSITS

Anthracosis. Text and photomicrographs. Nice.. Human Pathology Digital Image Gallery. * Future pathologists: "Blue scars" ... Carbon in the lungs and nearby lymph nodes is called "anthracosis". It is inert though ugly. ("If you keep smoking, kid, your ...
more infohttp://www.pathguy.com/lectures/accdep.html

Coughing Up Black Stuff: What You Need to Know | HubPagesCoughing Up Black Stuff: What You Need to Know | HubPages

Anthracosis does not only affect coal miners but may also be present in most urban dwellers. This is due to the long-term ... Anthracosis also affects chronic smokers. Furthermore, its not just carbon dust you should be afraid of; prevent yourself from ... Before progressing to CWP, the disease starts out as a condition referred to as Anthracosis. At this phase, it is still ...
more infohttps://hubpages.com/health/coughing-up-black-stuff
  • In a pathology study of S&R dogs (18 deployed and five control) that died between October 2002 and September 11, 2006, pulmonary anthracosis and particulate matter were commonly found in the lungs of both groups. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Examination of the coelomic organs were normal in 42 birds with findings of white foci in kidneys (1 bird), enlarged spleen (1 bird), and mild anthracosis in the lungs (3 birds). (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Silicosis, also known as silicotuberculosis , is related to beryllium disease and anthracosis . (malacards.org)
  • In this study, of 514 people with respiratory symptoms who underwent bronchoscopy, 207 (40.2%) had anthracotic lesions in the bronchi (case group) and 307 patients (59.7%) did not have bronchial anthracosis (control group). (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Anthracosis is the term typically utilized to describe black lung disease before it has progressed to such an extent that symptoms of the disease are palpable. (microscopyu.com)
  • No correlation between occupational exposure to dust and two kinds of anthracosis (anthracotic plaque and antracofibrosis) was present. (ac.ir)
  • The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical significance of mediastinal lymph node anthracosis in cancer patients who underwent EBUS-TBNA. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • A prospective, case-control study was performed to evaluate potential underlying causes of anthracosis on 190 subjects who referred for various indications. (ac.ir)