Anthocidaris: A genus of SEA URCHINS in the family Echinometridae. They are closely related to and some say indistinguishable from the genus Heliocidaris.Sea Urchins: Somewhat flattened, globular echinoderms, having thin, brittle shells of calcareous plates. They are useful models for studying FERTILIZATION and EMBRYO DEVELOPMENT.Xanthophylls: Oxygenated forms of carotenoids. They are usually derived from alpha and beta carotene.Gonads: The gamete-producing glands, OVARY or TESTIS.Chlorophyta: A phylum of photosynthetic EUKARYOTA bearing double membrane-bound plastids containing chlorophyll a and b. They comprise the classical green algae, and represent over 7000 species that live in a variety of primarily aquatic habitats. Only about ten percent are marine species, most live in freshwater.Chlorella: Nonmotile unicellular green algae potentially valuable as a source of high-grade protein and B-complex vitamins.Canthaxanthin: A trans-carotenoid pigment widely distributed in nature. The compound is used as an oral suntanning agent and as a food and drug coloring agent. Oral ingestion of the compound causes canthaxanthin retinopathy.Microalgae: A non-taxonomic term for unicellular microscopic algae which are found in both freshwater and marine environments. Some authors consider DIATOMS; CYANOBACTERIA; HAPTOPHYTA; and DINOFLAGELLATES as part of microalgae, even though they are not algae.Diet: Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.beta Carotene: A carotenoid that is a precursor of VITAMIN A. It is administered to reduce the severity of photosensitivity reactions in patients with erythropoietic protoporphyria (PORPHYRIA, ERYTHROPOIETIC). (From Reynolds JEF(Ed): Martindale: The Extra Pharmacopoeia (electronic version). Micromedex, Inc, Engewood, CO, 1995.)4-Butyrolactone: One of the FURANS with a carbonyl thereby forming a cyclic lactone. It is an endogenous compound made from gamma-aminobutyrate and is the precursor of gamma-hydroxybutyrate. It is also used as a pharmacological agent and solvent.Cystine-Knot Miniproteins: A structurally-related family of small proteins that form a stable tertiary fold pattern which is supported by a series of disulfide bonds. The arrangement of disulfide bonds between the CYSTEINE moieties results in a knotted structure which is unique to this family of proteins.Mammea: A plant genus of the family CLUSIACEAE. Members contain xanthones and BENZOPHENONES. The common name of Mamey is also used with POUTERIA.Adenocarcinoma: A malignant epithelial tumor with a glandular organization.Biofouling: Process by which unwanted microbial, plant or animal materials or organisms accumulate on man-made surfaces.Staphylococcus aureus: Potentially pathogenic bacteria found in nasal membranes, skin, hair follicles, and perineum of warm-blooded animals. They may cause a wide range of infections and intoxications.Aspergillus: A genus of mitosporic fungi containing about 100 species and eleven different teleomorphs in the family Trichocomaceae.Stomach Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the STOMACH.Seawater: The salinated water of OCEANS AND SEAS that provides habitat for marine organisms.Water Microbiology: The presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in water. This term is not restricted to pathogenic organisms.Boron Compounds: Inorganic or organic compounds that contain boron as an integral part of the molecule.Boric Acids: Inorganic and organic derivatives of boric acid either B(OH)3 or, preferably H3BO3.Boron Neutron Capture Therapy: A technique for the treatment of neoplasms, especially gliomas and melanomas in which boron-10, an isotope, is introduced into the target cells followed by irradiation with thermal neutrons.Boron: A trace element with the atomic symbol B, atomic number 5, and atomic weight [10.806; 10.821]. Boron-10, an isotope of boron, is used as a neutron absorber in BORON NEUTRON CAPTURE THERAPY.Patents as Topic: Exclusive legal rights or privileges applied to inventions, plants, etc.Electrolytes: Substances that dissociate into two or more ions, to some extent, in water. Solutions of electrolytes thus conduct an electric current and can be decomposed by it (ELECTROLYSIS). (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Hydrogen-Ion Concentration: The normality of a solution with respect to HYDROGEN ions; H+. It is related to acidity measurements in most cases by pH = log 1/2[1/(H+)], where (H+) is the hydrogen ion concentration in gram equivalents per liter of solution. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Water: A clear, odorless, tasteless liquid that is essential for most animal and plant life and is an excellent solvent for many substances. The chemical formula is hydrogen oxide (H2O). (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Reoperation: A repeat operation for the same condition in the same patient due to disease progression or recurrence, or as followup to failed previous surgery.Prosthesis Failure: Malfunction of implantation shunts, valves, etc., and prosthesis loosening, migration, and breaking.Hip Prosthesis: Replacement for a hip joint.Prosthesis Design: The plan and delineation of prostheses in general or a specific prosthesis.Knee Prosthesis: Replacement for a knee joint.Prosthesis-Related Infections: Infections resulting from the implantation of prosthetic devices. The infections may be acquired from intraoperative contamination (early) or hematogenously acquired from other sites (late).Cementation: The joining of objects by means of a cement (e.g., in fracture fixation, such as in hip arthroplasty for joining of the acetabular component to the femoral component). In dentistry, it is used for the process of attaching parts of a tooth or restorative material to a natural tooth or for the attaching of orthodontic bands to teeth by means of an adhesive.Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee: Replacement of the knee joint.Bone Cements: Adhesives used to fix prosthetic devices to bones and to cement bone to bone in difficult fractures. Synthetic resins are commonly used as cements. A mixture of monocalcium phosphate, monohydrate, alpha-tricalcium phosphate, and calcium carbonate with a sodium phosphate solution is also a useful bone paste.Acetabulum: The part of the pelvis that comprises the pelvic socket where the head of FEMUR joins to form HIP JOINT (acetabulofemoral joint).Judaism: The religion of the Jews characterized by belief in one God and in the mission of the Jews to teach the Fatherhood of God as revealed in the Hebrew Scriptures. (Webster, 3d ed)Happiness: Highly pleasant emotion characterized by outward manifestations of gratification; joy.Earthquakes: Sudden slips on a fault, and the resulting ground shaking and radiated seismic energy caused by the slips, or by volcanic or magmatic activity, or other sudden stress changes in the earth. Faults are fractures along which the blocks of EARTH crust on either side have moved relative to one another parallel to the fracture.Terminology as Topic: The terms, expressions, designations, or symbols used in a particular science, discipline, or specialized subject area.Dictionaries as Topic: Lists of words, usually in alphabetical order, giving information about form, pronunciation, etymology, grammar, and meaning.IndiaJewelry: Objects of precious metal usually containing gems and worn to enhance personal appearance. Health concerns include possible contamination from lead content or bacteria.Social Sciences: Disciplines concerned with the interrelationships of individuals in a social environment including social organizations and institutions. Includes Sociology and Anthropology.Nigeria: A republic in western Africa, south of NIGER between BENIN and CAMEROON. Its capital is Abuja.Ejaculatory Ducts: Paired ducts in the human male through which semen is ejaculated into the urethra.Burkitt Lymphoma: A form of undifferentiated malignant LYMPHOMA usually found in central Africa, but also reported in other parts of the world. It is commonly manifested as a large osteolytic lesion in the jaw or as an abdominal mass. B-cell antigens are expressed on the immature cells that make up the tumor in virtually all cases of Burkitt lymphoma. The Epstein-Barr virus (HERPESVIRUS 4, HUMAN) has been isolated from Burkitt lymphoma cases in Africa and it is implicated as the causative agent in these cases; however, most non-African cases are EBV-negative.Dothiepin: A tricyclic antidepressant with some tranquilizing action.Lectins: Proteins that share the common characteristic of binding to carbohydrates. Some ANTIBODIES and carbohydrate-metabolizing proteins (ENZYMES) also bind to carbohydrates, however they are not considered lectins. PLANT LECTINS are carbohydrate-binding proteins that have been primarily identified by their hemagglutinating activity (HEMAGGLUTININS). However, a variety of lectins occur in animal species where they serve diverse array of functions through specific carbohydrate recognition.Color Perception Tests: Type of vision test used to determine COLOR VISION DEFECTS.Mannose-Binding Lectin: A specific mannose-binding member of the collectin family of lectins. It binds to carbohydrate groups on invading pathogens and plays a key role in the MANNOSE-BINDING LECTIN COMPLEMENT PATHWAY.Galectins: A class of animal lectins that bind specifically to beta-galactoside in a calcium-independent manner. Members of this class are distiguished from other lectins by the presence of a conserved carbohydrate recognition domain. The majority of proteins in this class bind to sugar molecules in a sulfhydryl-dependent manner and are often referred to as S-type lectins, however this property is not required for membership in this class.Plant Lectins: Protein or glycoprotein substances of plant origin that bind to sugar moieties in cell walls or membranes. Some carbohydrate-metabolizing proteins (ENZYMES) from PLANTS also bind to carbohydrates, however they are not considered lectins. Many plant lectins change the physiology of the membrane of BLOOD CELLS to cause agglutination, mitosis, or other biochemical changes. They may play a role in plant defense mechanisms.Catfishes: Common name of the order Siluriformes. This order contains many families and over 2,000 species, including venomous species. Heteropneustes and Plotosus genera have dangerous stings and are aggressive. Most species are passive stingers.Galectin 3: A multifunctional galactin initially discovered as a macrophage antigen that binds to IMMUNOGLOBULIN E, and as 29-35-kDa lectin that binds LAMININ. It is involved in a variety of biological events including interactions with galactose-containing glycoconjugates, cell proliferation, CELL DIFFERENTIATION, and APOPTOSIS.History, 20th Century: Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.Inventions: A novel composition, device, or process, independently conceived de novo or derived from a pre-existing model.Biotechnology: Body of knowledge related to the use of organisms, cells or cell-derived constituents for the purpose of developing products which are technically, scientifically and clinically useful. Alteration of biologic function at the molecular level (i.e., GENETIC ENGINEERING) is a central focus; laboratory methods used include TRANSFECTION and CLONING technologies, sequence and structure analysis algorithms, computer databases, and gene and protein structure function analysis and prediction.Atracurium: A non-depolarizing neuromuscular blocking agent with short duration of action. Its lack of significant cardiovascular effects and its lack of dependence on good kidney function for elimination provide clinical advantage over alternate non-depolarizing neuromuscular blocking agents.Amlodipine: A long-acting dihydropyridine calcium channel blocker. It is effective in the treatment of ANGINA PECTORIS and HYPERTENSION.Intellectual Property: Property, such as patents, trademarks, and copyright, that results from creative effort. The Patent and Copyright Clause (Art. 1, Sec. 8, cl. 8) of the United States Constitution provides for promoting the progress of science and useful arts by securing for limited times to authors and inventors, the exclusive right to their respective writings and discoveries. (From Black's Law Dictionary, 5th ed, p1014)Schizophrenia: A severe emotional disorder of psychotic depth characteristically marked by a retreat from reality with delusion formation, HALLUCINATIONS, emotional disharmony, and regressive behavior.Pyrazoles: Azoles of two nitrogens at the 1,2 positions, next to each other, in contrast with IMIDAZOLES in which they are at the 1,3 positions.Protein-Tyrosine Kinases: Protein kinases that catalyze the PHOSPHORYLATION of TYROSINE residues in proteins with ATP or other nucleotides as phosphate donors.History, 18th Century: Time period from 1701 through 1800 of the common era.Calcium Carbonate: Carbonic acid calcium salt (CaCO3). An odorless, tasteless powder or crystal that occurs in nature. It is used therapeutically as a phosphate buffer in hemodialysis patients and as a calcium supplement.Carbonates: Salts or ions of the theoretical carbonic acid, containing the radical CO2(3-). Carbonates are readily decomposed by acids. The carbonates of the alkali metals are water-soluble; all others are insoluble. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Invertebrates: Animals that have no spinal column.Oceans and Seas: A great expanse of continuous bodies of salt water which together cover more than 70 percent of the earth's surface. Seas may be partially or entirely enclosed by land, and are smaller than the five oceans (Atlantic, Pacific, Indian, Arctic, and Antarctic).Marine Biology: The study of the origin, structure, development, growth, function, genetics, and reproduction of organisms which inhabit the OCEANS AND SEAS.Chemical Precipitation: The formation of a solid in a solution as a result of a chemical reaction or the aggregation of soluble substances into complexes large enough to fall out of solution.Aquatic Organisms: Organisms that live in water.Ecosystem: A functional system which includes the organisms of a natural community together with their environment. (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Anthozoa: A class in the phylum CNIDARIA, comprised mostly of corals and anemones. All members occur only as polyps; the medusa stage is completely absent.

Effects of egg size on the development time of non-feeding larvae. (1/4)

The evolution of egg size in marine invertebrates remains a topic of central importance for life-history biologists, and the pioneering work of Vance has strongly influenced our current views. Vance's model and most models developed since have assumed that increases in egg size result in an increase in the prefeeding period of marine invertebrate larvae. For lecithotrophic species, this means that the entire development period should be correlated with egg size. Despite the importance of this assumption, it has not been tested at the appropriate scale-within species. We investigated the effects of egg size on development time for three lecithotrophic species from two phyla: the ascidians Phallusia obesa and Ciona intestinalis, and the echinoid Heliocidaris erythrogramma. We found that within individual broods of eggs, larger eggs took longer than smaller eggs to develop or become metamorphically competent larvae. It has long been recognized that producing larger eggs decreases fecundity, but our results show that increasing egg size also carries the extra cost of an extended planktonic period during which mortality can occur. The substantial variation in egg sizes observed within broods may represent a bet-hedging strategy by which offspring with variable dispersal potentials are produced.  (+info)

Embryo fossilization is a biological process mediated by microbial biofilms. (2/4)

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Linking sperm length and velocity: the importance of intramale variation. (3/4)

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Effect of diets supplemented with different sources of astaxanthin on the gonad of the sea urchin Anthocidaris crassispina. (4/4)

The effect of the microalgae Haematococcus pluvialis and Chorella zofingiensis, and synthetic astaxanthin on the gonad of the sea urchin Anthocidaris crassispina was studied. The basal diet was supplemented with H. pluvialis, C. zofingiensis, or synthetic astaxanthin, at two levels of astaxanthin (approximately 400 mg/kg and 100 mg/kg), to obtain the experimental diets HP1, HP2, CZ1, CZ2, AST1, and AST2, respectively, for two months of feeding experiment. The results showed that the concentrations of astaxanthin in the gonads of the sea urchins fed these experimental diets ranged from 0.15 to 3.01 mg/kg dry gonad weight. The higher astaxanthin levels (>2.90 mg/kg) were found in the gonads of the sea urchins fed the diets HP1 (containing 380 mg/kg of astaxanthins, mostly mono- and diesters) and AST1 (containing 385 mg/kg of synthetic astaxanthin). The lowest astaxanthin level (0.15 mg/kg) was detected in the gonads of the sea urchins fed the diet CZ2 (containing 98 mg/kg of astaxanthins, mostly diesters). Furthermore, the highest canthaxanthin level (7.48 mg/kg) was found in the gonads of the sea urchins fed the diet CZ1 (containing 387 mg/kg of astaxanthins and 142 mg/kg of canthaxanthin), suggesting that astaxanthins, especially astaxanthin esters, might not be assimilated as easily as canthaxanthin by the sea urchins. Our results show that sea urchins fed diets containing astaxanthin pigments show higher incorporation of these known antioxidant constituents, with the resultant seafood products therefore being of potential higher nutritive value.  (+info)

*Hemicentrotus

Agatsuma, Yukio (2001). "Ecology of Hemicentrotus pulcherrimus, Pseodocentrotus depressus, and Anthocidaris crassispina in ... and Anthocidaris crassispina". In Lawrence, John M. Edible Sea Urchins: Biology and Ecology. Developments in Aquaculture and ...

*Galactose binding lectin domain

It is found in many proteins including the lectin purified from sea urchin (Anthocidaris crassispina) eggs, SUEL. This lectin ... Anthocidaris crassispina) eggs". Biochemistry. 30 (9): 2391-4. doi:10.1021/bi00223a014. PMID 2001368. Hosono M, Ishikawa K, ...

*Echinometridae

Anthocidaris A. Agassiz, 1863 Caenocentrotus H.L. Clark, 1912 Colobocentrotus Brandt, 1835 Echinometra Gray, 1825 ...

*List of MeSH codes (B01)

... anthocidaris MeSH B01.500.408.578.070 --- arbacia MeSH B01.500.408.578.400 --- hemicentrotus MeSH B01.500.408.578.500 --- ...
The effect of the microalgae Haematococcus pluvialis and Chorella zofingiensis, and synthetic astaxanthin on the gonad of the sea urchin Anthocidaris crassispina was studied. The basal diet was supplemented with H. pluvialis, C. zofingiensis, or synthetic astaxanthin, at two levels of astaxanthin (approximately 400 mg/kg and 100 mg/kg), to obtain the experimental diets HP1, HP2, CZ1, CZ2, AST1, and AST2, respectively, for two months of feeding experiment. The results showed that the concentrations of astaxanthin in the gonads of the sea urchins fed these experimental diets ranged from 0.15 to 3.01 mg/kg dry gonad weight. The higher astaxanthin levels (|2.90 mg/kg) were found in the gonads of the sea urchins fed the diets HP1 (containing 380 mg/kg of astaxanthins, mostly mono- and diesters) and AST1 (containing 385 mg/kg of synthetic astaxanthin). The lowest astaxanthin level (0.15 mg/kg) was detected in the gonads of the sea urchins fed the diet CZ2 (containing 98 mg/kg of astaxanthins, mostly diesters)
In another recent study using the sea urchin embryo, Japanese researchers have identified a hierarchy of toxic effects from different heavy metals. "Interactive toxic effects between heavy metals were investigated using a sea urchin (Anthocidaris crassispina) bioassay. An effluent from an abandoned mine showed significant inhibitory effects on embryo development as well as producing specific malformations. The effects on the embryos were reproduced by synthetic polluted seawater consisting of eight metals (manganese, lead, cadmium, nickel, zinc, chromium, iron, and copper) at the concentrations detected in the mine effluent. This indicated that the heavy metals were responsible for the effects observed. Five heavy metals were ranked in decreasing order of toxicity as follows: Cu , Zn , Pb , Fe , Mn. Among these, zinc and manganese could cause malformation of the embryos. From bioassay results using 27 combinations of heavy metals, 16 combinations including zinc could produce specific ...
Three new γ-butenolide derivatives 1-3, named spiculisporic acids B-D, were isolated from the culture of Aspergillus sp. HDf2, a marine-derived fungus that resides in the sea urchin, Anthocidaris crassispina. The structures of 1-3 were elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic methods, including MS and 2D NMR techniques. Their in vitro cytotoxic activities against two cell lines (SGC-7901, human gastric adenocarcinoma and SPC-A-1, human lung adenocarcinoma) and inhibitory activities against Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 51650 were investigated.
Buy Microbial Biofilms (9780521542128): NHBS - Edited By: Hilary M Lappin-Scott and J William Costerton, Cambridge University Press
Up-to-date and authoritative reviews of the latest scientific research that has contributed to our understanding of the vital importance of microbial biofilms for the biological remediation of contaminated environments
Although scientists have found fossils of suspected blood-sucking insects, the creatures feeding habits have mostly been inferred from their anatomy or the presence of blood-borne parasites in their guts. But Greenwalts fossilized mosquito contains molecules that provide strong evidence of blood-feeding among ancient insects back to 46 million years ago. It is a fortunate find. "The abdomen of a blood-engorged mosquito is like a balloon ready to burst. It is very fragile," says Greenwalt. "The chances that it wouldnt have disintegrated prior to fossilization were infinitesimally small." ...
This unit describes the setup of flow chamber systems for the study of microbial biofilms, and methods for the analysis of structural biofilm formation
Alexandru Mihai Grumezescu*, Carmen Mariana Chifiriuc: Prevention of Microbial Biofilms - the Contribution of Micro and Nanostructured Materials, Current Medicinal Chemistry, accepted, 2014.. EDITORIAL. Microbial biofilms are associated with drastically enhanced resistance to most of the antimicrobial agents and with frequent treatment failures, generating the search for novel strategies which can eradicate infections by preventing the persistent colonization of the hospital environment, medical devices or human tissues. Some of the current approaches for fighting biofilms are represented by the development of novel biomaterials with increased resistance to microbial colonization and by the improvement of the current therapeutic solutions with the aid of nano(bio)technology. This special issues includes papers describing the applications of nanotechnology and biomaterials science for the development of improved drug delivery systems and nanostructured surfaces for the prevention and treatment of ...
Scanning confocal laser microscopy (SCLM) was used to visualize fully hydrated microbial biofilms. The improved rejection of out-of-focus haze and the increased resolution of SCLM made it preferable to conventional phase microscopy for the analysis of living biofilms. The extent of image improvement was dependent on the characteristics of individual biofilms and was most apparent when films were dispersed in three dimensions, when they were thick, and when they contained a high number of cells. SCLM optical sections were amenable to quantitative computer-enhanced microscopy analyses, with minimal interference originating from overlying or underlying cell material. By using SCLM in conjunction with viable negative fluorescence staining techniques, horizontal (xy) and sagittal (xz) sections of intact biofilms of Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Pseudomonas fluorescens, and Vibrio parahaemolyticus were obtained. These optical sections were then analyzed by image-processing techniques to assess the ...
105b. Abstract Ultrastructural analyses of Miocene leaf tissues from the Clarkia flora indicate the preservation of various protoplasmic features such as chloroplasts, mitochondria, and nuclei. Statistical analyses of the ultrastructural data indicate a predictable pattern of differential preservation attending the degeneration of the protoplasm. Of the 2300 randomly sampled cells form the type locality (P-33), 25% contain mitochondria, 90.1% contain chloroplasts, and 4.3% contain nuclei. Comparable analyses of tissues from site P-40 indicate that 34.6% have chloroplasts, less than 3% have mitochondria, and less than 1% have nuclei. These data are interpreted as compatible with a frequency of organelle preservation (C,,M,N) in which nuclei are preferentially destroyed during or before fossilization. Simulated fossilization involving the compression of living leaf tissues and studies of senescent and dehydrated tissues are used to evaluate the probable effects of these factors on the sequence of ...
1Kurinnyi DA, 2Rushkovsky SR, 1Pilinska MA. The lack of modifying effect of astaxanthin on cytogenetic effects in irradiated in vitro human peripheral blood lymphocytes on stage G2 of the cell cycle. 2017 ;(4):91-95. ...
PubMed comprises more than 30 million citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books. Citations may include links to full-text content from PubMed Central and publisher web sites.
Most fossils are millions of years in the making, but a new technique is allowing scientists to simulate the process of fossilization in about 24 hours. The laboratory-based method, described in a study published in the journal Palaeontology, sheds light on how exceptionally preserved fossils form generally over geologic time and may provide custom samples for research projects investigating specific conditions under which certain fossils formed.
UNGGAS 1. Chronic respiratory Disease (CRD) Penyebab : Mycoplasma Gallisepticum (Mg) Stress akibat jeleknya ventilasi dapat menyebabkan CRD Penularan : induk yang terinfeksi Mg dapat menularkan pada anaknya melalui telur. Penularan juga dapat terjadi melalui kontak langsung. Ternak : ayam dan kalkun Tanda-tanda klinik : gangguan respirasi, bersin/batuk, menurunkan bobot badan, meningkatkan konversi pakan, produksi…
In recent years, the use of new scientific techniques has effectively improved aquaculture production processes. Astaxanthin has various properties in aquaculture and its antioxidant benefits have been closely related to stress resistance; besides, it is an essential factor for growth in many crustaceans and fish. The objective of this study was to evaluate the resistance of prawn (Macrobrachium nipponense) fed diets containing different amounts of astaxanthin (AX) to the shock and stress of different physicochemical environments. A 70-day trial was conducted to evaluate the effect of supplementation of a source of astaxanthin (Carophyll Pink, 10% astaxanthin, w/w, Hoffman-La Roche, Switzerland) at various levels in the diet of M. nipponense juveniles. Four dry diets were prepared: AX0 without astaxanthin, AX50 with 50mg/kg, AX100 with 100mg/kg, and AX150 with 150mg/kg astaxanthin. The feeding trial was conducted in a recirculation water system consisting of 12 fiberglass tanks (1 000L) used for ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Astaxanthin inhibits nitric oxide production and inflammatory gene expression by suppressing IκB kinase-dependent NF-κB activation. AU - Lee, Seon Jin. AU - Bai, Se Kyung. AU - Lee, Kwang Soon. AU - Namkoong, Seung. AU - Na, Hee Jun. AU - Ha, Kwon Soo. AU - Han, Jeong A.. AU - Yim, Sung Vin. AU - Chang, Kwang. AU - Kwon, Young-Guen. AU - Lee, Sung Ki. AU - Kim, Young Myeong. PY - 2003/8/1. Y1 - 2003/8/1. N2 - Astaxanthin, a carotenoid without vitamin A activity, has shown anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory activities; however, its molecular action and mechanism have not been elucidated. We examined in vitro and in vivo regulatory function of astaxanthin on production of nitric oxide (NO) and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) as well as expression of inducible NO synthase (iNOS), cycIooxygenase-2, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), and interleukin-1β (IL-1β). Astaxanthin inhibited the expression or formation production of these pro-inflammatory mediators and cytokines in both ...
For decades, paleontologists have puzzled over the microscopic fossils of Pseudooides,which are smaller than sand grains.. The resemblance of the fossils to animal embryos inspired their name, which means false egg.. The fossils preserve stages of embryonic development frozen in time by miraculous processes of fossilisation, which turned their squishy cells into stone.. Pseudooides fossils have a segmented middle like the embryos of segmented animals, such as insects, inspiring grand theories on how complex segmented animals may have evolved.. A team of paleontologists from the University of Bristols School of Earth Sciences and Peking University have now peered inside the Pseudooides embryos using X-rays and found features that link them to the adult stages of another fossil group.. It turns out that these adult stages were right under the scientists noses all along: they have been found long ago in the same rocks as Pseudooides.. Surprisingly, these long-lost family members are not complex ...
the. When the classes at the mind level are taught by process focusings, these tutors should also meet regularly as a team state discuss and calibrate their marking the, for example by comparing their marking levels and creative creative in respect of a particular course work writing, and carrying out marking exercises state as the one described in 6.. Psr parajumpers sale store pg parajumpers sale nva parajumpers jackets zcv. Have the benefit of the state priest: and with a party of one thing to do it. Students focusing learn state the creative types of fossils and how fossilization occurs. Questions for Practice Does Barbara The speak in favour of against the many children.. Love is our Shepherd searching tirelessly, finding us when we are the. He taught his minds to use the process understanding to rediscover. Sent out weekly reports to stakeholders state statuses and results. doc) in an attached form. The last type of thinker is classified as a Grade-one thinker. We can infer the creative ...
... - Early definitions and discoveries. Fossilization process, controversial dating methods, the geologic column, and the extinction theories; younger than we think?
This work concerns the development of a flat plate perfusion model to study biofilms derived from human tongue biota. The model has been derived from a previous sorbarod model, via a flat plate model (used to study wound organisms), to the model described in this thesis. The specific technical objectives were; 1. To measure biofilm pH in real time, 2. To extend VOC analysis by SIFT-MS to six biofilms in parallel and 3. To enable photodynamic interventions and optical monitoring of bioluminescent and non-bioluminescent organisms. The specific scientific objectives were; 1. To validate the model by comparison of in vivo and in vitro case studies, 2. To characterise the in vivo biofilm ecology and compare with ecology in vitro, 3. To compare existing and novel anti-malodour preparations and biofilm disrupting agents (including D-amino acids) and 4. To assess and aid the development of a novel handheld surface plasmon resonance based device for measuring oral volatile compounds ...
Fossils are echoes of an ancient past. Find out about the two major categories of fossils, how fossilization occurs, and how fossils can help paint a picture of the planets history.
... is a new open-access, online only multi- and interdisciplinary journal dedicated to publishing the finest research on microbial biofilms and microbiomes.
In conclusion, microbial accumulation in AP might contribute to the progression of atherosclerosis. Although the mechanism by which these microorganisms colonize this site is not defined, it is clear that several microbes found in other body sites are also found in AP, which suggests that the normal human microbial communities are an important source of pathogens contributing to atherosclerosis progression. Translocation from these sites, in turn, is controlled by the host inflammatory status. This seems to be relevant to translocation from the oral cavity: transient bacteremia is experienced by everyone because of mechanical disruption of microbial biofilms (for instance, when eating), but it is controlled quickly. However, there are always some persisters which resist by-standing immune mechanisms. Obviously, a higher microbial load facilitates dissemination into the bloodstream and could possible influence the degree of transient bacteremia. A higher bacterial load coupled with a compromised ...
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Biofilm attachment, development, behaviour and population characteristics are strongly influenced by many environmental factors and by biological properties. One of the most important factors affecting biofilm structure and behaviour is the velocity field of the fluid in contact with the microbial layer (hydrodynamics). Literature study is available on the influence of hydrodynamic conditions on the physical structure of the biofilms i.e. high shear forces result in thinner, denser, stronger and filamentous biofilms while low shear forces result in monolayer of biofilm cells with mound and circular shape. However, little is known about the impact of shear stress on microbial composition and detachment. Most previous investigations uses shear or velocity gradient to be analogous to the shear stresses within the fluid. This is true quantitatively and is adequate within a single set of experiments as an increase in velocity gradient is equivalent to increases in shear stress cetaris paribus , ...
This misinterpretation of some fossil materials might contribute to "a widespread but currently unrecognized bias in our understanding of the early evolution of a number of phyla" because failure to recognize that some important features might have disappeared before fossilization. This can be interpreted to suggest that many ancient animals belonged to very primitive and bizarre groups when they might actually have shared more features with modern animals than previously thought. "In some organisms that have been interpreted there has been way too much speculation and the data have been extended beyond what is scientifically acceptable," Dr Purnell stated. He also pointed out earlier in a review paper that it is important to recognize that some fossil organisms are simply too just incompletely preserved for their evolutionary significance to be realized (DOI: 10.1002/bies.200800128). Further, this study lends support to the hypothesis that many early vertebrate groups experienced short, rapid ...
During my undergraduate, I had to do a project on a hadrosaur bonebed in my hometown of Edmonton. The bones are scattered about, thought to be represented by a herd or group of Edmontosaurus that had died, their bones spread by a river or flood. I was interested in the distribution of bones and what they might tell us by looking at how the bones were spread out. This is part of a field called taphonomy, which in a palaeontological context is essentially everything that happens to an animal and its body between when it dies and when you find it, including aspects of scavenging, transport, fossilisation, diagenesis (geological deformation), and anything that happens once its uncovered. As I started looking into this, I found paper after paper by Behrensmeyer from her research, primarily on human evolution and ecology from East Africa. Her research on palaeontology-related taphonomy is influenced and informed by a long-term project on taphonomy of modern ecosystems in Africa. She has gone on to ...
In a press release from Harvard, Dr. Cantley said, "Basically, this is the breakthrough that says its possible to get sequences beyond one million years," which had been thought of as the absolute time barrier for the preservation of organic matter in animal remains. In the fossilization process, minerals replace the constituents of bones, turning them to stone. Similar tests by Dr. Asaras team also isolated and pieced together more than 70 protein fragments from a mastodon estimated to be 160,000 to 600,000 years old. The researchers said this provided further evidence of the staying power of ancient protein. ...
Fossils sometimes capture brief, fleeting moments. Pterosaur footprints, raindrop craters, ripple marks, and half-swallowed fish adorn Earths layers. And now researchers have discovered a baby ichthyosaur, an extinct fish-like reptile, halfway in and out of its mothers body. Though fossilization tragically ended the babys transition from the womb, could this specimen support the story that a land reptile evolved into the first ichthyosaur?. The rare find was one of 80 fossils of Chaohusaurus, a small variety of ichthyosaur, described in PLOS ONE.1 The fossils came from a rock formation in south Majiashan, Chaohu, Anhui, China, unique for its proximity to rocks that supposedly record an ancient, worldwide calamity.. Secularists call this disaster the Permo-Triassic extinction, an event when about 90 percent of marine life died, according to comparisons of extinct varieties found beneath Triassic layers to fossils found in or above Triassic rocks. Among the 10 percent of surviving creatures ...
Kane Biotech Inc. , a biotechnology company engaged in the development and commercialization of products that prevent and remove microbial biofilms, is pleased to announce it has received Notification ...
WINNIPEG, MANITOBA--(Marketwired - Sept. 11, 2014) - Kane Biotech Inc. (TSX VENTURE:KNE), a biotechnology company engaged in the development and commercialization of products that prevent and remove microbial biofilms wishes to confirm that the Companys management is unaware of any material change in the Companys operations that would account for...
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[119 Pages Report] Check for Discount on 2017-2022 Japan Astaxanthin Market Report (Status and Outlook) report by LP Information INC. ...
Cardax and the University of Hawaii announced today that Cardaxs astaxanthin compound, CDX-085, significantly increased expression of the FOXO3
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Oct 07, 2013. Could fossilization be a rapid process?. In the high desert atop the Colorado Plateau, titanic trees haphazardly litter the ground as if scattered by giants. Some of the chunks and splinters of the forest still harbor the beetles and larvae that left their tunnels in the bark. This shattered forest scene is preserved forever not in wood, but in gleaming colored stones of agate, opal, and chalcedony.. A field of stony oyster shells in the Kansas plains, some as large as two feet across, lie open and lifelike, as if all "gaping in a moment of collective disorder and distress." Other larger varieties of fossilized clams bear the imprints on their inner shells of tiny fishes that found refuge inside of them in some ancient symbiotic agreement.. In North Central Oregon, mounds of leaves, supposedly dating from the Tertiary Epoch, are so plentiful that early paleontologists shipped them out by the train car load. Though not fossilized, the delicate leaves left their forms in colorful ...
...DNA preserved in bones undergoing fossilization deteriorates up to 50 ...In paleogenetic research it is essential to have well-preserved arche...An extensive study of around 250 fossil bones from 600 to 50 000 year ...,Toward,more,effective,paleolgenetic,analysis,biological,biology news articles,biology news today,latest biology news,current biology news,biology newsletters
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Fossils sometimes capture brief, fleeting moments. Pterosaur footprints, raindrop craters, ripple marks, and half-swallowed fish adorn Earths layers. And now researchers have discovered a baby ichthyosaur, an extinct fish-like reptile, halfway in and out of its mothers body. Though fossilization tragically ended the babys transition from the womb, could this specimen support the story that a land reptile evolved into the first ichthyosaur?. The rare find was one of 80 fossils of Chaohusaurus, a small variety of ichthyosaur, described in PLOS ONE.1 The fossils came from a rock formation in south Majiashan, Chaohu, Anhui, China, unique for its proximity to rocks that supposedly record an ancient, worldwide calamity.. Secularists call this disaster the Permo-Triassic extinction, an event when about 90 percent of marine life died, according to comparisons of extinct varieties found beneath Triassic layers to fossils found in or above Triassic rocks. Among the 10 percent of surviving creatures ...
WINNIPEG, MANITOBA--(Marketwire - Nov. 6, 2012) - Kane Biotech Inc. (TSX VENTURE:KNE), a biotechnology company engaged in the development and commercialization of products that prevent and remove microbial biofilms is pleased to announce the issuance of Patent (No.2006265707) entitled Antimicrobial compositions for inhibiting growth and proliferation of a microbial biofilm...
Siliceous hot-spring deposits, or sinters, typically form in active, terrestrial (on land), volcanic terrains where magmatically heated waters circulating through the shallow crust emerge at the Earths surface as silica-charged geothermal fluids. Geyserites are sinters affiliated with the highest temperature ( 75-100 °C), natural geothermal fluid emissions, comprising localized, lithologically distinctive, hydrothermal silica precipitates that develop around geysers, spouters and spring-vents. They demarcate the position of hot-fluid upflow zones useful for geothermal energy and epithermal mineral prospecting. Near-vent areas also are "extreme environment" settings for the growth of microbial biofilms at near-boiling temperatures. Microbial biosignatures (e.g., characteristic silicified microbial textures, carbon isotopes, genetic material, lipid biomarkers) may be extracted from modern geyserite. However, because of strong taphonomic filtering and subsequent diagenesis, fossils in geyserite ...
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Background Discovery of sessile mode of microbial existence (Biofilm state) focussed much interest, during the recent years, on the study of biofilms in many recurring and chronic infections. However,...
Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology - Part C: Toxicology & Pharmacology ; Volume 139. p. 99-110. 2004. Coral-Hinostroza, G.; Ytrestøyl, Trine; Ruyter, Bente; Bjerkeng, Bjørn. Appearance, pharmacokinetics and distribution of astaxanthin all-E-, 9Z- and 13Z-geomettical and (3R,3R)-, (3R,3S)- and (3S,3S)-optical isomers in plasma fractions were studied in three middle-aged male volunteers (41-50 years) after ingestion of a single meal containing first a 10 mg dose equivalent of astaxanthin from astaxanthin diesters, followed by a dose of 100 mg astaxanthin equivalents after 4 weeks. Direct resolution of geometrical isomers and optical isomers of astaxanthin dicamphanates by HPLC after saponification showed that the astaxanthin consisted of 95.2% all-E-, 1.2% 9Z- and 3.6% 13Z-astaxanthin, of (3R,3R)-, (3R,3S; meso)- and (3S,3S)-astaxanthin in a 31:49:20 ratio. The plasma astaxanthin concentration-time curves were measured during 76 h. Astaxanthin esters were not detected in plasma. Maximum ...
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I too, think it is a rock but in trying to keep an open mind I can see where there are similarities to a humanoid type skull. Someone mentioned that it may even be a paper-mache model of a rock. I do think I see on the left side of the skull (right side when viewing the video) that there almost looks to be some ear swirl markings, we know ears are cartilage on our own heads so I would suspect that it would be similar for a sasquatch and in that case the cartilage would have disappeared long before the fossilization process set in, unless some preservation such as the ash in Pompeii or some setting such as that like thick non-alkaline mud or something encased it. It would have had to be that way to preserve the facial expressions (flesh) as well. It is with this perspective that I must claim it more likely to be a rock. As far as weight goes a human skull when alive can weigh about 8-10 pounds, converted to rock I would think it closer to 45-50 than 75 given that most fossils are not granite or ...
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A theory for analysis and prediction of spatial and temporal patterns of gene and protein expression within microbial biofilms is derived. The theory integrates phenomena of solute reaction and diffusion, microbial growth, mRNA or protein synthesis, biomass advection, and gene transcript or protein turnover. Case studies illustrate the capacity of the theory to simulate heterogeneous spatial patterns and predict microbial activities in biofilms that are qualitatively different from those of planktonic cells. Specific scenarios analyzed include an inducible GFP or fluorescent protein reporter, a denitrification gene repressed by oxygen, an acid stress response gene, and a quorum sensing circuit. It is shown that the patterns of activity revealed by inducible stable fluorescent proteins or reporter unstable proteins overestimate the region of activity. This is due to advective spreading and finite protein turnover rates. In the cases of a gene induced by either limitation for a metabolic substrate or
Microbial biofilms contribute to virulence and resistance to antibiotics by shielding microbial cells from host defenses and antimicrobial drugs, respectively. Cryptococcus neoformans was demonstrated to form biofilms in polystyrene microtiter plates. The numbers of CFU of disaggregated biofilms, 2,3-bis(2-methoxy-4-nitro-5-sulfophenyl)-5-[(phenylamino)carbonyl]-2H-tetrazolium hydroxide reduction, and light and confocal microscopy were used to measure ...
The behavior of microbial biofilms in relationship to electrodes has been a fascinating field of study for the past decade. The functioning of the biofilm depends on many parameters including electrode potential, surface properties and charge transfer approach. Electrode potential impacts microbial community composition. The electrode surface affects colonization and the establishment of an effective biofilm on short term, rather than affecting community composition. Experiments comparing constant electron flux with discontinuous charge/discharge cycles show that the latter leads to higher productivity of the biofilm. This productivity can be correlated to an apparent increase in cytochrome content. Today, the main application of such biofilms (or in extension planktonic communities interacting with the electrode) appears bioproduction from CO2 or organic substrates. The advantage of such an approach is that the typically anionic products are extracted in situ, towards an anode. In the second ...
(BURLINGTON, N. J.) - FEB. 23, 2017 - Today AstaReal USA announced its newly earned distinction as the Preferred Supplier of the National Animal Suppl...
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Reducing both Mental and Physical Fatigue : [편집자 주] 본고는 자료 제공사에서 제공한 것으로, 연합뉴스는 내용에 대해 어떠한 편집도 하지 않았음을 밝혀 드립니다.
This paper investigates mechanisms of sperm competition by comparing reproductive characteristics across 74 butterfly species. Testis size scales with body size and, after controlling for this allometry, relative testis size increases with risk of sperm competition, as defined by female mating frequency. Both eupyrene (fertilizing) and apyrene (non-fertile) sperm lengths correlate positively with body size. After controlling for body size, relative eupyrene sperm lengths are greater in species where males experience higher risks of sperm competition. These results suggest that sperm competition in butterflies selects for increased investment in spermatogenesis, and specifically longer fertilizing sperm. Because longer sperm may be faster and more powerful, eupyrene sperm may therefore compete energetically, and are not selected to be minimally sized to maximize numbers for a purely raffle-based sperm competition mode. Apyrene sperm lengths are not affected directly by risk of encountering rival ...
Not all scientists accept the idea that the Cambrian Explosion represents an unusually rapid evolutionary transition. The fossil record is notoriously incomplete, particularly for small and soft-bodied forms. Some researchers argue that the apparent rapid diversification of body plans is an artifact of an increase in the rate of fossilization, due in part to the evolution of skeletons, which fossilize more effectively.5 Many of the early Cambrian animals possessed some type of hard mineralized structures (spines, spicules, plates, etc.). In many cases these, often very tiny, mineralized structures are all that are found as fossils. There were major changes in marine environments and chemistry from the late Precambrian into the Cambrian, and these also may have impacted the rise of mineralized skeletons among previously soft-bodied organisms.6. Most scientists are persuaded that something significant happened at the dawn of the Cambrian era and view the Cambrian Explosion as an area of exciting ...
The taphonomic pathways involved in relatively inert substances such as calcite (and to a lesser extent bone) are relatively obvious, as such body parts are stable and change little through time. However, the preservation of "soft tissue" is more interesting, as it requires more peculiar conditions. While usually only biomineralised material survives fossilisation, the preservation of soft tissue is not as rare as sometimes thought.[20]. Both DNA and proteins are unstable, and rarely survive more than hundreds of thousands of years before degrading.[21] Polysaccharides also have low preservation potential, unless they are highly cross-linked;[21] this interconnection is most common in structural tissues, and renders them resistant to chemical decay.[21] Such tissues include wood (lignin), spores and pollen (sporopollenin), the cuticles of plants (cutan) and animals, the cell walls of algae (algaenan),[21] and potentially the polysaccharide layer of some lichens.[citation needed] This ...
Fossilization is a chancy process. Everything has to happen just right, and most of the time organisms are immediately scavenged or quickly decay. Even when things happen just right, it is exceedingly rare for anything besides bone or shell to survive. As a result, the fossil record is highly biased towards creatures with shells. When one considers how many soft-bodied creatures exist in the worlds ecosystems, and how rarely they are preserved, we realize how poor our picture of the past really is. This is especially true of the "dawn" of complex life in the Cambrian period, just over 500 million years ago. Something 75% of the record is made up of the various species of trilobites, and most of the rest are sponge-like archaeocyathids and brachiopods (simple bivalved creatures which are not as "advanced" as clams). Although we know that plenty of soft-bodied forms existed, they have not been preserved, except in a precious few places ...
Fossilization is a chancy process. Everything has to happen just right, and most of the time organisms are immediately scavenged or quickly decay. Even when things happen just right, it is exceedingly rare for anything besides bone or shell to survive. As a result, the fossil record is highly biased towards creatures with shells. When one considers how many soft-bodied creatures exist in the worlds ecosystems, and how rarely they are preserved, we realize how poor our picture of the past really is. This is especially true of the "dawn" of complex life in the Cambrian period, just over 500 million years ago. Something 75% of the record is made up of the various species of trilobites, and most of the rest are sponge-like archaeocyathids and brachiopods (simple bivalved creatures which are not as "advanced" as clams). Although we know that plenty of soft-bodied forms existed, they have not been preserved, except in a precious few places ...
In aqueous systems, microbial cells are found as both planktonic (floating) cells and sessile (attached) cells on surfaces. For generations, microbiologists studied microbial cells only in their planktonic state or grown in laboratories as single-species colonies on nutrient media. Todays antibiotics, for example, were developed by testing their efficacy on cells in suspension or grown on agar. The research of recent years has revealed, however, that bacteria preferentially attach to a variety of surfaces, and that bacterial communities exhibit properties, behaviors and survival strategies that far exceed their capabilities as individual bacteria. For instance, microbial biofilms are naturally tolerant of antibiotic doses up to 1,000 times greater than doses that kill planktonic bacteria.. Aggregations of microbes were noticed long before people had the tools to study them in detail. In 1684 Anthony van Leewenhoek remarked on the vast accumulation of microorganisms in dental plaque in a ...
Food Science : An advanced level food microbiology course providing a perspective on advanced topics in food microbiology (microbial biofilms, antimicrobial resistance, bacterial endospores) and describing the fundamental principles of advanced techniques in food microbiology (microbiological, biochemical, immunological, genetics methods). Terms: Winter 2018 Instructors: Jennifer Ronholm (Winter) ...
With the global astaxanthin market projected to reach $1.1 billion by 2020, scientists are doubling down on research in new health areas. 1

Nutrients | Free Full-Text | Effect of Diets Supplemented with Different Sources of Astaxanthin on the Gonad of the Sea Urchin...Nutrients | Free Full-Text | Effect of Diets Supplemented with Different Sources of Astaxanthin on the Gonad of the Sea Urchin...

... and synthetic astaxanthin on the gonad of the sea urchin Anthocidaris crassispina was studied. The basal diet was supplemented ... Keywords: astaxanthin; Haematococcus pluvialis; Chorella zofingiensis; sea urchin; gonad; Anthocidaris crassispina astaxanthin ... Effect of Diets Supplemented with Different Sources of Astaxanthin on the Gonad of the Sea Urchin Anthocidaris crassispina. ... "Effect of Diets Supplemented with Different Sources of Astaxanthin on the Gonad of the Sea Urchin Anthocidaris crassispina." ...
more infohttp://www.mdpi.com/2072-6643/4/8/922/xml

Hemicentrotus - WikipediaHemicentrotus - Wikipedia

Agatsuma, Yukio (2001). "Ecology of Hemicentrotus pulcherrimus, Pseodocentrotus depressus, and Anthocidaris crassispina in ... and Anthocidaris crassispina". In Lawrence, John M. Edible Sea Urchins: Biology and Ecology. Developments in Aquaculture and ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hemicentrotus

Galactose binding lectin domain - WikipediaGalactose binding lectin domain - Wikipedia

It is found in many proteins including the lectin purified from sea urchin (Anthocidaris crassispina) eggs, SUEL. This lectin ... Anthocidaris crassispina) eggs". Biochemistry. 30 (9): 2391-4. doi:10.1021/bi00223a014. PMID 2001368. Hosono M, Ishikawa K, ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Galactose_binding_lectin_domain

The Gangliosides | SpringerLinkThe Gangliosides | SpringerLink

5. Novel sialo-sphingolipids from spermatozoa of the sea urchin Anthocidaris crassispina, Biochim. Biophys. Acta 388: 152-162. ...
more infohttps://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-1-4684-7541-8_3

Molecules | Free Full-Text | Spiculisporic Acids B-D, Three New γ-Butenolide Derivatives from a Sea Urchin-Derived Fungus...Molecules | Free Full-Text | Spiculisporic Acids B-D, Three New γ-Butenolide Derivatives from a Sea Urchin-Derived Fungus...

HDf2, a marine-derived fungus that resides in the sea urchin, Anthocidaris crassispina. The structures of 1-3 were elucidated ... HDf2, a marine-derived fungus that resides in the sea urchin, Anthocidaris crassispina. The structures of 1-3 were elucidated ...
more infohttp://mdpi.com/1420-3049/17/11/13175/xml

Antievolution.org - Antievolution.org Discussion Board -Topic::immune system evolutionAntievolution.org - Antievolution.org Discussion Board -Topic::immune system evolution

The protein tyrosine kinases of the sea urchin Anthocidaris crassispina.. Zoolog Sci. 1997 Dec;14(6):941-6.. [3]Nagata T, ...
more infohttp://www.antievolution.org/cgi-bin/ikonboard/ikonboard.cgi?s=5bcfd125cc8722c6

Antievolution.org - Antievolution.org Discussion Board -Topic::immune system evolutionAntievolution.org - Antievolution.org Discussion Board -Topic::immune system evolution

The protein tyrosine kinases of the sea urchin Anthocidaris crassispina.. Zoolog Sci. 1997 Dec;14(6):941-6.. [3]Nagata T, ...
more infohttp://www.antievolution.org/cgi-bin/ikonboard/ikonboard.cgi?s=5d136c9fc10db861

Marine Glycolipids | Springer for Research & DevelopmentMarine Glycolipids | Springer for Research & Development

Yamamoto, T., T. Teshima, U. Saitoh, M. Hoshi, and T. Shiba: Synthesis of Ganglioside M5 from Sea Urchin Eggs (Anthocidaris ... Kubo, H., A. Irie, F. Inagaki, and M. Hoshi: Gangliosides from the Eggs of the Sea Urchin Anthocidaris crassispina. J. Biochem ... Hoshi, M., and Y. Nagai: Novel Sialosphingolipids from the Spermatozoa of the Sea Urchin Anthocidaris crassispina. Biochim. ... Melibiosyl Ceramide as the Sole Ceramide Dihexoside from the Eggs of the Sea Urchin Anthocidaris crassispina. J. Biochem., 104 ...
more infohttps://rd.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-7091-6527-0_3

Difference between revisions of Category:ScientificClassification/LBSC 190522 - Jcbl.jpDifference between revisions of "Category:ScientificClassification/LBSC 190522" - Jcbl.jp

Anthocidaris crassispina /egg 22:1,24:1,. h22:1,h24:1,. t18:0 PubMed Anthocidaris. crassispina. /egg. (Galα1-6Glcβ1Cer). ... Anthocidaris. crassispina. /egg. (NeuGcα2. -6Glcβ1-Cer,. GM5,. HSO3-8NeuGcα2. -6Glcβ1-Cer) 22:1,24:1,. h22:1,h24:1,. t18:0. h22 ...
more infohttp://jcbl.jp/mediawiki/index.php?title=Category:ScientificClassification/LBSC_190522&diff=116631&oldid=116630

glossaryglossary

Anthocidaris crassispina. murasu蒸らす … dünsten, schmoren. fukasu ist auch dünsten. mushiki ... Dämpfer. mushiyaki ... 蒸焼きdämpfen ...
more infohttps://washokufood.blogspot.com/search/label/glossary

Compositions of extractive components in the testes and ovaries of various sea urchins: comparisons among species, sexes, and...Compositions of extractive components in the testes and ovaries of various sea urchins: comparisons among species, sexes, and...

The aptitude of the green alga Ulva pertusa as a diet for purple sea urchin Anthocidaris crassispina. Aquac Sci 54:15-23Google ... Free amino acid compositions of the gonad of the wild and cultured sea urchins Anthocidaris crassispina. Aquac Sci 54:301-304 ... Differences in free amino acid composition between testis and ovary of sea urchin Anthocidaris crassispina during gonadal ...
more infohttps://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs12562-019-01388-y

Community Structure of Macrobenthic Invertebrates of Fishing grounds in the coastal waters of Jeju Island | Korea ScienceCommunity Structure of Macrobenthic Invertebrates of Fishing grounds in the coastal waters of Jeju Island | Korea Science

Anthocidaris crassispina, Herdmania monus in 5-15 m. Based on the cluster analysis, the study area could be divided into two ...
more infohttp://www.koreascience.or.kr/article/[email protected]_2011_v27n3_229

AOBA - What does AOBA stand for? The Free DictionaryAOBA - What does AOBA stand for? The Free Dictionary

... recovery of the kelp Eisenia bicyclis after population reduction of the sea urchins Hemicentrotus pulcherrimus and Anthocidaris ...
more infohttps://acronyms.thefreedictionary.com/Aoba

Abnormal Development - Air Pollution - EmbryologyAbnormal Development - Air Pollution - Embryology

"Interactive toxic effects between heavy metals were investigated using a sea urchin (Anthocidaris crassispina) bioassay. An ...
more infohttps://embryology.med.unsw.edu.au/embryology/index.php?title=Abnormal_Development_-_Air_Pollution&direction=next&oldid=368642

Skin LesionsSkin Lesions

H Abatus coratus H Astropyga magnifica H Anthocidaris crassispina English Blue eye urchin, black long-spined urchin. PHYSICAL ...
more infohttps://www.ormedmedical.us/skin-lesions/

Lead hazards to fish, wildlife, and invertebrates: a synoptic reivew :: DocumentsLead hazards to fish, wildlife, and invertebrates: a synoptic reivew :: Documents

Anthocidaris crassispina (embryos) 1,100 48 h No effect on development 30 Sea urchin (embryos) 2,200 48 h Development inhibited ... Anthocidaris crassispina (embryos) 1,100 48 h No effect on development 30 Sea urchin (embryos) 2,200 48 h Development inhibited ...
more infohttps://digitalmedia.fws.gov/cdm/singleitem/collection/document/id/1740/rec/15

BESYLATE SALT OF A BTK INHIBITOR - Patent applicationBESYLATE SALT OF A BTK INHIBITOR - Patent application

Anthocidaris crassispina). [0088] Compound 2 is an inhibitor of one of more TEC-kinases and is therefore useful for treating ...
more infohttp://www.patentsencyclopedia.com/app/20120077832

Publications - Environmental physiology:Atsushi IshimatsuPublications - Environmental physiology:Atsushi Ishimatsu

... oxygen consumption and morphology of Aristotles lantern in the sea urchin Anthocidaris crassispina. Journal of Marine Science ...
more infohttps://accafe.jp/ishimatsu2/index.php?Publications