Agents destructive to parasitic worms. They are used therapeutically in the treatment of HELMINTHIASIS in man and animal.
Infections by nematodes, general or unspecified.
A genus of parasitic nematode worms which infest the duodenum and stomach of domestic and wild herbivores, which ingest it with the grasses (POACEAE) they eat. Infestation of man is accidental.
Substances used in the treatment or control of nematode infestations. They are used also in veterinary practice.
A depolarizing neuromuscular-blocking agent, that causes persistent nicotinic activation resulting in spastic paralysis of susceptible nematodes. It is a drug of second-choice after benzimidazoles for treatment of ascariasis, hookworm, and pinworm infections, being effective after a single dose. (From Smith and Reynard, Textbook of Pharmacology, 1992, p920)
A mixture of mostly avermectin H2B1a (RN 71827-03-7) with some avermectin H2B1b (RN 70209-81-3), which are macrolides from STREPTOMYCES avermitilis. It binds glutamate-gated chloride channel to cause increased permeability and hyperpolarization of nerve and muscle cells. It also interacts with other CHLORIDE CHANNELS. It is a broad spectrum antiparasitic that is active against microfilariae of ONCHOCERCA VOLVULUS but not the adult form.
Antinematodal benzimidazole used in veterinary medicine.
A superfamily of strongyles or roundworms which are parasites in the intestinal tract of equines, pigs, rodents, and primates (including man). It includes the genera Cyasthostomum, Ransomus, Globocephalus, OESOPHAGOSTOMUM, and STRONGYLUS.
Infestation of animals with parasitic worms of the helminth class. The infestation may be experimental or veterinary.
A genus of nematode worms in the superfamily Heterakoidea. A. galli and A. lineata are important intestinal parasites of domestic fowl.
Infection with nematodes of the genus HAEMONCHUS, characterized by digestive abnormalities and anemia similar to that from hookworm infestation.
A class of unsegmented helminths with fundamental bilateral symmetry and secondary triradiate symmetry of the oral and esophageal structures. Many species are parasites.
A benzimidazole broad-spectrum anthelmintic structurally related to MEBENDAZOLE that is effective against many diseases. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p38)
Determination of parasite eggs in feces.
A benzimidazole that acts by interfering with CARBOHYDRATE METABOLISM and inhibiting polymerization of MICROTUBULES.
An antihelminthic drug that has been tried experimentally in rheumatic disorders where it apparently restores the immune response by increasing macrophage chemotaxis and T-lymphocyte function. Paradoxically, this immune enhancement appears to be beneficial in rheumatoid arthritis where dermatitis, leukopenia, and thrombocytopenia, and nausea and vomiting have been reported as side effects. (From Smith and Reynard, Textbook of Pharmacology, 1991, p435-6)
A genus of parasitic nematodes found in the digestive tract of herbivorous animals. They cause incidental infections in humans from the following species: Trichostrongylus colubriformis, T. orientalis, T. axei, and T. probolurus.
Commonly known as parasitic worms, this group includes the ACANTHOCEPHALA; NEMATODA; and PLATYHELMINTHS. Some authors consider certain species of LEECHES that can become temporarily parasitic as helminths.
Diseases of domestic and mountain sheep of the genus Ovis.
Infestation with parasitic worms of the helminth class.
An order of nematodes of the subclass SECERNENTEA. Characteristics include an H-shaped excretory system with two subventral glands.
Infection by nematodes of the genus ASCARIS. Ingestion of infective eggs causes diarrhea and pneumonitis. Its distribution is more prevalent in areas of poor sanitation and where human feces are used for fertilizer.
Infection with nematodes of the genus TRICHURIS, formerly called Trichocephalus.
Analogs or derivatives of bephenium (N,N-dimethyl-N-(2-phenoxyethyl)benzenemethanaminium).
Infection of humans or animals with hookworms other than those caused by the genus Ancylostoma or Necator, for which the specific terms ANCYLOSTOMIASIS and NECATORIASIS are available.
Antinematodal agent used mainly for livestock.
A species of parasitic nematode usually found in domestic pigs and a few other animals. Human infection can also occur, presumably as result of handling pig manure, and can lead to intestinal obstruction.
A species of parasitic nematode that is the largest found in the human intestine. Its distribution is worldwide, but it is more prevalent in areas of poor sanitation. Human infection with A. lumbricoides is acquired by swallowing fully embryonated eggs from contaminated soil.
Infections of the INTESTINES with PARASITES, commonly involving PARASITIC WORMS. Infections with roundworms (NEMATODE INFECTIONS) and tapeworms (CESTODE INFECTIONS) are also known as HELMINTHIASIS.
A genus of parasitic nematodes occurring in the stomach of ruminants.
A superfamily of nematode parasitic hookworms consisting of four genera: ANCYLOSTOMA; NECATOR; Bunostomum; and Uncinaria. ANCYLOSTOMA and NECATOR occur in humans and other mammals. Bunostomum is common in ruminants and Uncinaria in wolves, foxes, and dogs.
A genus of nematode intestinal parasites that consists of several species. A. duodenale is the common hookworm in humans. A. braziliense, A. ceylonicum, and A. caninum occur primarily in cats and dogs, but all have been known to occur in humans.
A subclass of segmented worms comprising the tapeworms.
Infestation with nematode worms of the genus TRICHOSTRONGYLUS. Man and animals become infected by swallowing larvae, usually with contaminated food or drink, although the larvae may penetrate human skin.
Diseases of the domestic or wild goat of the genus Capra.
A genus of nematode worms comprising the whipworms.
Infection of horses with parasitic nematodes of the superfamily STRONGYLOIDEA. Characteristics include the development of hemorrhagic nodules on the abdominal peritoneum.
Broad spectrum antinematodal anthelmintic used also in veterinary medicine.
An anthelmintic used in most schistosome and many cestode infestations.
2-Hydroxy-N-phenylbenzamides. N-phenyl substituted salicylamides. Derivatives have been used as fungicides, anti-mildew agents and topical antifungal agents. In concentrated form may cause irritation of skin and mucous membranes.
A superfamily of nematodes. Most are intestinal parasites of ruminants and accidentally in humans. This superfamily includes seven genera: DICTYOCAULUS; HAEMONCHUS; Cooperia, OSTERTAGIA; Nematodirus, TRICHOSTRONGYLUS; and Hyostrongylus.
Infection of humans or animals with hookworms of the genus ANCYLOSTOMA. Characteristics include anemia, dyspepsia, eosinophilia, and abdominal swelling.
Drugs used to treat or prevent parasitic infections.
A plant genus of the family LAMIACEAE. Members contain teuscordonin. There have been reports of hepatoxicity by this genus.
Infections with nematodes of the order ASCARIDIDA.
A genus known for fibers obtained from their leaves: sisal from A. sisalana, henequen from A. fourcroyoides and A. cantala, or Manila-Maguey fiber from A. cantala. Some species provide a sap that is fermented to an intoxicating drink, called pulque in Mexico. Some contain agavesides.
Diminished or failed response of an organism, disease or tissue to the intended effectiveness of a chemical or drug. It should be differentiated from DRUG TOLERANCE which is the progressive diminution of the susceptibility of a human or animal to the effects of a drug, as a result of continued administration.
Infections with true tapeworms of the helminth subclass CESTODA.
Infections with nematodes of the order STRONGYLIDA.
A superfamily of polymyarian nematode worms. An important characteristic of this group is the presence of three prominent lips around the mouth of the organism.
A plant genus of the family ANNONACEAE. It has edible fruit and seeds which contain acetogenins and benzoquinazoline and other alkaloids.
A superfamily of nematodes of the order STRONGYLIDA. Characteristics include a fluid-filled outer layer of cuticle and a reduced mouth and bursa.
Tests that demonstrate the relative effectiveness of chemotherapeutic agents against specific parasites.
The Indian plum plant family of the order Violales, subclass Dilleniidae class Magnoliopsida, that are tropical and subtropical trees and shrubs.
A plant genus of the family ASTERACEAE that has long been used in folk medicine for treating wounds.
A superfamily of parasitic nematodes which were formerly considered a part of TRICHOSTRONGYLOIDEA. It includes the following genera: Heligmosomum, NEMATOSPIROIDES, and NIPPOSTRONGYLUS. The hosts are rodents.
Excrement from the INTESTINES, containing unabsorbed solids, waste products, secretions, and BACTERIA of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM.
Infection by roundworms of the superfamily TRICHOSTRONGYLOIDEA, including the genera TRICHOSTRONGYLUS; OSTERTAGIA; Cooperia, HAEMONCHUS; Nematodirus, Hyostrongylus, and DICTYOCAULUS.
A genus of parasitic nematodes widely distributed as intestinal parasites of mammals.
A genus of nematodes of the superfamily STRONGYLOIDEA, parasitic in the intestines of animals. The adults are usually free in the intestinal lumen; the larvae encyst in the wall.
Compounds with a BENZENE fused to IMIDAZOLES.
Any of numerous agile, hollow-horned RUMINANTS of the genus Capra, in the family Bovidae, closely related to the SHEEP.
A plant family of the order Gentianales, subclass Asteridae, class Magnoliopsida. They have leaflike appendages at the base of the leafstalks, have terminal flower clusters. Petals have four or five overlapping lobes and the fruit is a capsule containing winged or wingless seeds.
Any of the ruminant mammals with curved horns in the genus Ovis, family Bovidae. They possess lachrymal grooves and interdigital glands, which are absent in GOATS.
A disease of herbivorous mammals, particularly cattle and sheep, caused by stomach worms of the genus OSTERTAGIA.
Agents used to treat tapeworm infestations in man or animals.
The heath plant family of the order Ericales, subclass Dilleniidae, class Magnoliopsida that are generally shrubs or small trees. Leaves are alternate, simple, and leathery; flowers are symmetrical with a 4- or 5-parted corolla of partly fused petals.
Infection with tapeworms of the genus Hymenolepis.
Wormlike or grublike stage, following the egg in the life cycle of insects, worms, and other metamorphosing animals.
An antihelmintic that is active against most tapeworms. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p48)
A plant genus of the family POACEAE which is a source of citronella oil and lemongrass oil.
Compounds consisting of chains of AMINO ACIDS alternating with CARBOXYLIC ACIDS via ester and amide linkages. They are commonly cyclized.
Concentrated pharmaceutical preparations of plants obtained by removing active constituents with a suitable solvent, which is evaporated away, and adjusting the residue to a prescribed standard.
A plant family of the order Myrtales, subclass Rosidae, class Magnoliopsida. They are mostly trees and shrubs growing in warm areas.
A plant genus of the family SCROPHULARIACEAE.
A plant species of the genus MELIA, family MELIACEAE, which is toxic to insects. The name is very similar to Melia azadirachta (AZADIRACHTA).
A genus of nematodes of the superfamily ASCARIDOIDEA whose species usually inhabit the intestine.
2-Substituted benzimidazole first introduced in 1962. It is active against a variety of nematodes and is the drug of choice for STRONGYLOIDIASIS. It has CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM side effects and hepatototoxic potential. (From Smith and Reynard, Textbook of Pharmacology, 1992, p919)
Diseases of domestic and wild horses of the species Equus caballus.
A broad range of biologically active compounds which occur naturally in plants having important medicinal and nutritional properties.
A plant family of the order Myrtales, subclass Rosidae, class Magnoliopsida composed of tropical plants with parallel-nerved leaves.
A plant genus of the family ZINGIBERACEAE. Members contain galangin, yakuchinone-A, and diarylheptanoids.
A group of often glycosylated macrocyclic compounds formed by chain extension of multiple PROPIONATES cyclized into a large (typically 12, 14, or 16)-membered lactone. Macrolides belong to the POLYKETIDES class of natural products, and many members exhibit ANTIBIOTIC properties.
A plant genus of the family RUTACEAE. Members contain anethole and CARBAZOLES.
Proteins found in any species of helminth.
The rose plant family in the order ROSALES and class Magnoliopsida. They are generally woody plants. A number of the species of this family contain cyanogenic compounds.
A plant genus of the family Caricaceae, order Violales, subclass Dilleniidae, class Magnoliopsida. It is the source of edible fruit and PAPAIN.
The smallest species of TAPEWORMS. It is the only cestode that parasitizes humans without requiring an intermediate host.
Infections or infestations with parasitic organisms. The infestation may be experimental or veterinary.
A genus of intestinal nematode parasites belonging to the superfamily HELIGMOSOMATOIDEA, which commonly occurs in rats but has been experimentally transmitted to other rodents and rabbits. Infection is usually through the skin.
A plant genus of the family Lamiaceae. Inerminosides (iridoid glycosides); colebroside A; STEROIDS; STEROLS; terpenoid glucosides; and abietane DITERPENES have been found in this genus.
Drugs and their metabolites which are found in the edible tissues and milk of animals after their medication with specific drugs. This term can also apply to drugs found in adipose tissue of humans after drug treatment.
A common parasite of humans in the moist tropics and subtropics. These organisms attach to villi in the small intestine and suck blood causing diarrhea, anorexia, and anemia.
Diseases of domestic cattle of the genus Bos. It includes diseases of cows, yaks, and zebus.
The mahogany plant family of the order Sapindales, subclass Rosidae, class Magnoliopsida.
A species of parasitic nematode found in the intestine of dogs. Lesions in the brain, liver, eye, kidney, and lung are caused by migrating larvae. In humans, these larvae do not follow normal patterns and may produce visceral larva migrans (LARVA MIGRANS, VISCERAL).
A genus of CRUSTACEA of the order ANOSTRACA, found in briny pools and lakes and often cultured for fish food. It has 168 chromosomes and differs from most crustaceans in that its blood contains hemoglobin.
A plant family of the order Lamiales. It is characterized by simple leaves in opposite pairs, cystoliths (enlarged cells containing crystals of calcium carbonate), and bilaterally symmetrical and bisexual flowers that are usually crowded together. The common name for Ruellia of wild petunia is easily confused with PETUNIA.
Ruminant mammals of South America. They are related to camels.
Infection with nematodes of the genus STRONGYLOIDES. The presence of larvae may produce pneumonitis and the presence of adult worms in the intestine could lead to moderate to severe diarrhea.
A class of annelid worms with few setae per segment. It includes the earthworms such as Lumbricus and Eisenia.
A subclass of ion channels that open or close in response to the binding of specific LIGANDS.
A species of parasitic nematode widely distributed in tropical and subtropical countries. The females and their larvae inhabit the mucosa of the intestinal tract, where they cause ulceration and diarrhea.
Polyketides of up to a few dozen carbons in length, formed by chain extension of multiple PROPIONATES and oxygenated to form tetrahydrofuran and lactone rings along the length of the chain. They are found in ANNONACEAE and other PLANTS. Related compounds cyclize to MACROLIDES.
Agents that act systemically to kill adult schistosomes.
The science of breeding, feeding and care of domestic animals; includes housing and nutrition.
Infection of the brain, spinal cord, or perimeningeal structures with the larval forms of the genus TAENIA (primarily T. solium in humans). Lesions formed by the organism are referred to as cysticerci. The infection may be subacute or chronic, and the severity of symptoms depends on the severity of the host immune response and the location and number of lesions. SEIZURES represent the most common clinical manifestation although focal neurologic deficits may occur. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1998, Ch27, pp46-50)
Infections or infestations with parasitic organisms. They are often contracted through contact with an intermediate vector, but may occur as the result of direct exposure.
A species of nematode that is widely used in biological, biochemical, and genetic studies.
Large, hoofed mammals of the family EQUIDAE. Horses are active day and night with most of the day spent seeking and consuming food. Feeding peaks occur in the early morning and late afternoon, and there are several daily periods of rest.
Infection with flukes (trematodes) of the genus SCHISTOSOMA. Three species produce the most frequent clinical diseases: SCHISTOSOMA HAEMATOBIUM (endemic in Africa and the Middle East), SCHISTOSOMA MANSONI (in Egypt, northern and southern Africa, some West Indies islands, northern 2/3 of South America), and SCHISTOSOMA JAPONICUM (in Japan, China, the Philippines, Celebes, Thailand, Laos). S. mansoni is often seen in Puerto Ricans living in the United States.
The co-occurrence of pregnancy and parasitic diseases. The parasitic infection may precede or follow FERTILIZATION.
Species of tapeworm in the genus TAENIA, that infects swine. It is acquired by humans through the ingestion of cured or undercooked pork.
Functionalization of exogenous substances to prepare them for conjugation in PHASE II DETOXIFICATION. Phase I enzymes include CYTOCHROME P450 enzymes and some OXIDOREDUCTASES. Excess induction of phase I over phase II detoxification leads to higher levels of FREE RADICALS that can induce CANCER and other cell damage. Induction or antagonism of phase I detoxication is the basis of a number of DRUG INTERACTIONS.
The dose amount of poisonous or toxic substance or dose of ionizing radiation required to kill 50% of the tested population.
A republic in western Africa, south of MALI and BURKINA FASO, bordered by GHANA on the east. Its administrative capital is Abidjan and Yamoussoukro has been the official capital since 1983. The country was formerly called Ivory Coast.
A republic in eastern Africa, south of UGANDA and north of MOZAMBIQUE. Its capital is Dar es Salaam. It was formed in 1964 by a merger of the countries of TANGANYIKA and ZANZIBAR.

Neurocysticercosis in an Italian traveler to Latin America. (1/1248)

Neurocysticercosis is rarely reported in short-term travelers, although the disease remains a major public health problem in tropical regions. We present a case of neurocysticercosis that was probably acquired by ingestion of Taenia solium eggs contained in the stomach of a pig butchered by the traveler. Complete clinical resolution was obtained by medical treatment, underlying the importance of early suspicion and diagnosis of the disease.  (+info)

Ivermectin distribution using community volunteers in Kabarole district, Uganda. (2/1248)

Ivermectin mass distribution for the control of onchocerciasis in Uganda began in 1991. This report describes a community based ivermectin distribution programme covering two foci in the Kabarole district which have an estimated 32,000 persons infected and another 110,000 at risk. Through nodule palpation in adult males, 143 villages were identified where nodule prevalence exceeded 20%. Skin snips were also taken from a sample of the population to measure changes in community microfilarial load (CMFL) with treatment. The delivery programme was integrated into the district health management structure, and used community volunteers supervised by medical assistants from adjacent health facilities for annual ivermectin distribution campaigns. After initial efforts by the community to support distributors in-kind proved inadequate, ivermectin distributors earned money retailing condoms as part of the social marketing component of district STD/AIDS programme. Reduction in the CMFL ranged from 40-62% twelve months after the second ivermectin treatment in three villages, and from 69-84% six months after the fourth round of treatment in two villages. After four years of treatment, 85% of eligible persons were receiving ivermectin from community volunteers in each treatment cycle. Drop out rates among volunteers did not exceed 20% over the four years reported here. The direct cost of treatment was US $0.29 per person. Among the reasons for low per-person treatment costs were the strong supervisory structure, the presence of health centres in the foci and a well developed and capable district Primary Health Care management team.  (+info)

Efficacies of albendazole sulfoxide and albendazole sulfone against In vitro-cultivated Echinococcus multilocularis metacestodes. (3/1248)

The metacestode stage of Echinococcus multilocularis is the causative agent of alveolar echinococcosis (AE), a parasitic disease affecting the liver, with occasional metastasis into other organs. Benzimidazole carbamate derivatives such as mebendazole and albendazole are currently used for chemotherapeutic treatment of AE. Albendazole is poorly resorbed and is metabolically converted to its main metabolite albendazole sulfoxide, which is believed to be the active component, and further to albendazole sulfone. Chemotherapy with albendazole has been shown to have a parasitostatic rather than a parasitocidal effect; it is not effective in all cases, and the recurrence rate is rather high once chemotherapy is stopped. Thus, development of new means of chemotherapy of AE is needed. This could include modifications of benzimidazoles and elucidiation of the respective biological pathways. In this study we performed in vitro drug treatment of E. multilocularis metacestodes with albendazole sulfoxide and albendazole sulfone. High-performance liquid chromatography analysis of vesicle fluids showed that the drugs were taken up rapidly by the parasite. Transmission electron microscopic investigation of parasite tissues and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy of vesicle fluids demonstrated that albendazole sulfoxide and albendazole sulfone had similar effects with respect to parasite ultrastructure and changes in metabolites in vesicle fluids. This study shows that the in vitro cultivation model presented here provides an ideal first-round test system for screening of antiparasite drugs.  (+info)

Effect of anthelmintic treatment on sexual maturation in prepubertal beef heifers. (4/1248)

Heifers treated with ivermectin at weaning have been reported to reach puberty at a younger age and lighter weight than untreated heifers. We tested the hypothesis that heifers administered ivermectin would respond with earlier follicular development and a greater LH response to a 1-mg estradiol-17beta challenge (E2C) than untreated heifers. Fall-born Angus heifers (n = 32) were randomly assigned on 284 +/- 9 d of age (215.5 +/- 20.8 kg) to receive ivermectin (IVR) or albendazole (ALB), IVR + ALB, or to remain as untreated controls (CONT). Each group (n = 8) was housed separately in adjacent pens throughout the trial and managed to gain .8 kg/heifer on a ration containing 13.2% CP, 58.8% TDN, and 49.9% DM. The CONT heifers received an additional 2.27 kg/heifer of corn silage and 1.59 kg/heifer of corn daily to maintain ADG at comparable levels. Individual body weight was recorded weekly, and nematode eggs per gram (EPG) of feces were measured every 21 d. Ultrasonography was performed on alternate days starting 2 wk prior to E2C to characterize follicular wave patterns. Follicles were separated into classes (C1 [3 to 5 mm], C2 [6 to 9 mm], and C3 [10 mm]) and sizes (largest [LF], second [SLF], third [TLF], and fourth largest follicles [FLF]). The sizes of the regressing dominant follicle 1 (DF1) and the progressing dominant follicle 2 (DF2) were also determined. Serum concentrations of LH were determined from hourly jugular blood samples collected 8 to 24 h after injection of E2C. The IVR + ALB treatment group had more C3 follicles than ALB and CONT (P < .07). The IVR-treated heifers had larger TLF than ALB and CONT (P < .04). The IVR- and IVR + ALB-treated heifers had larger FLF and DF2 than ALB and CONT (P < .1). Least squares means for DF2 were 9.5 +/- .5, 8.0 +/- .4, 9.5 +/- .3 and 8.3 +/- .3 mm, for IVR, ALB, IVR + ALB and CONT, respectively (P = .02 for treatment effect). The E2C-induced serum LH concentration did not differ with respect to treatment. We conclude that heifers administered IVR display increased follicular development, supporting our earlier investigations regarding reduced age at puberty in heifers treated with IVR near weaning.  (+info)

Cost of school-based drug treatment in Tanzania. The Partnership for Child Development. (5/1248)

It has been argued that targeting delivery of anthelmintics to school-children by taking advantage of the existing education infrastructure and administrative system can be one of the most cost-effective approaches in minimizing the intensity of infections with both schistosomiasis and major intestinal nematodes in many developing countries. The study was conducted in January 1997, shortly after the completion of the drug intervention programme. This paper provides an analysis of the costs of providing age-targeted treatment of school-children for urinary schistosomiasis using praziquantel and for intestinal nematodes using albendazole as an integral part of the School Health Programme in Tanga Region, Tanzania. The analysis shows that the total financial cost of the intervention programme in 1996 prices was US$54 252.28 (exchange rate: TSH 573 = US$1). Of this amount, the cost of drugs constitutes 80.6%, while the delivery cost appears relatively low, representing just below 20%. Even when the opportunity cost of unpaid days of labour input is included, the cost of drugs still remains the highest cost component of the intervention (55.8%). In the current epidemiological and logistic setting of Tanzania, the financial cost per child treated using praziquantel, which involved prior screening at the school level, was US$0.79, while treatment using albendazole was as low as US$0.23, of which US$0.20 was drug purchase cost. It is concluded that the base cost of delivering a universal, standard, school-based health intervention such as albendazole can be as low as US$0.03 per child tested, but even a very slight increase in the complexity of delivery can have a very significant impact on the cost of intervention.  (+info)

Evidence for an improvement in cognitive function following treatment of Schistosoma japonicum infection in Chinese primary schoolchildren. (6/1248)

A double-blind, placebo-controlled, treatment trial was conducted in Sichuan, China to investigate the unique and combined effects on the cognitive function (working memory) of children after treating geohelminth infections with albendazole and treating Schistosoma japonicum infection with praziquantel. One hundred eighty-one children 5-16 years of age participated. At baseline, the praziquantel and placebo groups were similar in all background characteristics. Three months after praziquantel treatment, there was a significant reduction in the prevalence and intensity of S. japonicum infection. There were significant age group by praziquantel treatment interaction effects in three of the five cognitive tests, Fluency, Picture Search, and Free Recall, with effects being strongest in the youngest children (5-7 years old). Exploratory analysis within the youngest children showed a significant positive main effect of treatment on Fluency (P < 0.001), after controlling for sex, anthropometric, and parasitic and iron status. There was also a treatment by height-for-age interaction (P = 0.03) and a treatment by iron status interaction (P = 0.024) on Fluency. There was a treatment by S. japonicum intensity interaction (P < 0.001) on Free Recall, but the main effect of treatment on Picture Search was not significant (P = 0.058). Younger children and those who are physically the most vulnerable are likely to benefit the most from the treatment of S. japonicum infection in terms of improved performance on tests of working memory.  (+info)

Presystemic metabolism of albendazole: experimental evidence of an efflux process of albendazole sulfoxide to intestinal lumen. (7/1248)

Albendazole (ABZ) presystemic clearance was studied in rat by perfusion of a 25 microM ABZ solution in isolated intestinal loops. Significant secretion of the active metabolite, ABZSO, into the lumen was observed. The metabolite was also present in mesenteric blood. After 30 min of intestinal perfusion, 64% of the ABZ dose had disappeared from lumen. The total amount of ABZSO measured was 0.341 +/- 0.04 nmol/cm with 0.176 +/- 0.03 nmol/cm in mesenteric blood. The metabolite secretion to intestinal lumen was 0.165 +/- 0.05 nmol/cm. Intestinal sulfoxidation was induced by repeated administration of ABZ and ABZ coadministered with surfactants, especially polysorbate 80. The enantioselectivity of the in vitro intestinal sulfoxidation of ABZ showed that the relative contribution of P-450 and flavin-containing monooxygenase was quite similar, but after the induction by ABZ coadministered with polysorbate 80, the cytochrome P-450 system contribution was significantly increased. The appearance of ABZSO in mesenteric blood clearance was also increased under these conditions.  (+info)

Population biology of human onchocerciasis. (8/1248)

Human onchocerciasis (river blindness) is the filarial infection caused by Onchocerca volvulus and transmitted among people through the bites of the Simulium vector. Some 86 million people around the world are at risk of acquiring the nematode, with 18 million people infected and 600,000 visually impaired, half of them partially or totally blind. 99% of cases occur in tropical Africa; scattered foci exist in Latin America. Until recently control programmes, in operation since 1975, have consisted of antivectorial measures. With the introduction of ivermectin in 1988, safe and effective chemotherapy is now available. With the original Onchocerciasis Control Programme of West Africa coming to an end, both the new African Programme for Onchocerciasis Control and the Onchocerciasis Elimination Programme for the Americas, rely heavily on ivermectin self-sustained mass delivery. In consequence, the need for understanding the processes regulating parasite abundance in human and simuliid populations is of utmost importance. We present a simple mathematical framework built around recent analyses of exposure- and density-dependent processes operating, respectively, within the human and vector hosts. An expression for the basic reproductive ratio, R0, is derived and related to the minimum vector density required for parasite persistence in localities of West Africa in general and northern Cameroon in particular. Model outputs suggest that constraints acting against parasite establishment in both humans and vectors are necessary to reproduce field observations, but those in humans may not fully protect against reinfection. Analyses of host age-profiles of infection prevalence, intensity, and aggregation for increasing levels of endemicity and intensity of transmission in the Vina valley of northern Cameroon are in agreement with these results and discussed in light of novel work on onchocerciasis immunology.  (+info)

A wide variety of dog anthelmintic options are available to you, such as cattle, aquatic animals, and omucoxideh. Utilizarea prea frecventă a unor antihelmintice din aceeaşi clasă, an anthelmintic agent o an anthelmintic agent. Consequently, symptoms like retarded cognitive development, iron-deficiency anaemia, abdominal pains and.
While surveys in Southern Africa indicate anthelmintic resistance of gastrointestinal nematodes to be common in small ruminants in South Africa, Kenya and Zimbabwe, there have been no reports of resistance in Zambia. The objective of this study was to determine whether anthelmintic resistance occurs in Zambia, and to obtain information on nematode control practices in the country. During the rainy season six commercial sheep farms were selected in and around Lusaka and Chisamba. Worm control practices were gauged by means of a questionnaire, and the Faecal Egg Count Reduction Test was performed for assessing anthelmintic efficacy of albendazole, levamisole and ivermectin. On all farms, anthelmintic treatment was the only approach used to control nematode infections. Frequency of treatment varied from twice a year to every 6 weeks and drugs of different anthelmintic groups were alternated within the same year. There was a wide range in faecal egg counts of individual sheep before treatment, with ...
Dear all,. This is to invite you to Stella Kephas PhD defence which will take place next Thursday 24th March 2016 as per details below. Stella Kepha is a PhD student based at the School of Public Health. Kindly reserve the date:. Presenter: Stella Kepha. Topic: Effect of anthelminthic treatment on malaria on school children in Kenya: a randomized, open label, equivalence trial.. Time: 9:00 am-12:00pm. Date: 24th March 2016. Opponent: Assoc Prof: Sarah Staedke, London School of Hygiene Tropical Medicine. ...
Objective To establish the prevalence of anthelmintic resistance in ovine gastrointestinal nematodes in southern Queensland. Design An observational parasitological study using the faecal egg count reduction test. Methods Sheep farms (n = 20) enrolled in this study met the twin criteria of using worm testing for drench decisions and having concerns about anthelmintic efficacy. On each farm, 105 sheep were randomly allocated to one of six treatment groups or an untreated control group. Faecal samples were collected on day 0 and days 10-14 for worm egg counts and larval differentiation. Single- and multi-combination anthelmintics, persistent and non-persistent, oral liquid or capsule, pour-on and injectable formulations were tested. Monepantel was not tested. Farmers also responded to a questionnaire on drenching practices. Results Haemonchus contortus was the predominant species. Efficacy ,95% was recorded on 85% of farms for one or more anthelmintics and on 10% of farms for six anthelmintics. No ...
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Before revised World Association for the Advancement of Veterinary Parasitology (WAAVP) guidelines on the detection of anthelmintic resistance can be produced, validation of modified and new methods is required in laboratories in different parts of the world. There is a great need for improved methods of detection of anthelmintic resistance particularly for the detection of macrocyclic lactone resistance and for the detection of resistant nematodes in cattle. Therefore, revised and new methods are provided here for the detection of anthelmintic resistance in nematodes of ruminants, horses and pigs as a basis for discussion and with the purpose that they are evaluated internationally to establish whether they could in the future be recommended by the WAAVP. The interpretation of the faecal egg count reduction test has been modified and suggestions given on its use with persistent anthelmintics and continuous release devices. An egg hatch test for benzimidazole (BZ) resistance is described. A ...
Approximately 10% of sheep producers in Ireland [20] participated in the STAP drench test task. To the authors knowledge, this is the largest field survey investigating anthelmintic inefficacy in the world to date and provides some baseline valuable data on treatment failure in Irish flocks. While the FECRT [6] is still regarded as the method of choice to investigate anthelmintic efficacy, the drench test employed in this survey represents a cost-effective modified version where samples from each flock were pooled instead of analysed separately by the laboratory, the results of which should be interpreted as an indicator of anthelmintic treatment failure and not anthelmintic resistance per se [21].. The majority of drench tests were carried out in the border and west regions, representing the areas of Ireland where the majority of sheep farming is conducted [20]. In the first year only 28% of the drench tests were carried out according to the instructions provided. Compliance improved in ...
Define anthelmintic. anthelmintic synonyms, anthelmintic pronunciation, anthelmintic translation, English dictionary definition of anthelmintic. also ant·hel·min·thic adj. Acting to expel or destroy parasitic intestinal worms. n. An agent that destroys or causes the expulsion of parasitic intestinal...
A recent national survey on anthelmintic resistance in cattle and sheep in New Zealand indicated that the magnitude of the problem has increased from very low levels only a few years ago to disturbingly high levels now. There is a particular problem with multiple resistance to all three action families of anthelmintic currently available in Ostertagia (= Teladorsagia) spp in sheep, and to both macrocyclic lactones (ML) and benzimidazoles in Cooperia spp in cattle. The prevalence and extent of resistance indicate that all cattle farmers and most sheep farmers should now be using a combination anthelmintic on most occasions just to achieve effective control of all parasites. Despite this, die presence of resistant parasites has generally not been appreciated by the majority of affected farmers, possibly because most have not formally tested to determine die resistance status of nematodes on their farms. Anthelmintics will remain the cornerstone of gastrointestinal nematode control in sheep and ...
Play media Anthelmintics or antihelminthics are a group of antiparasitic drugs that expel parasitic worms (helminths) and other internal parasites from the body by either stunning or killing them and without causing significant damage to the host. They may also be called vermifuges (those that stun) or vermicides (those that kill). Anthelmintics are used to treat people who are infected by helminths, a condition called helminthiasis. These drugs are also used to treat infected animals. Pills containing anthelmintics are used in mass deworming campaigns of school-aged children in many developing countries. For example, the treatment of choice for soil-transmitted helminths is mebendazole and albendazole and praziquantel for schistosomiasis. Antiparasitics that specifically target Ascaris worms are called ascaricides. Benzimidazoles: Albendazole - effective against threadworms, roundworms, whipworms, tapeworms, hookworms Mebendazole - effective against pinworms, roundworms and hookworms ...
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Internal parasites of horses comprise an intractable problem conferring disease, production and performance losses. Parasitism can rarely be controlled in grazing horses by management alone and anthelmintic drugs have formed the basis of therapy and prophylaxis for the last sixty years. The pharmacology of the anthelmintic drugs available dictate their spectrum of activity and degree of efficacy, their optimal routes of administration and characteristics which prevent some routes of administration, their safety tolerance and potential toxicities and as a consequence of their persistence in the body at effective concentrations their use in epidemiological control programmes. Their use has also resulted in the selection of parasites with genetically controlled characteristics which reduce their susceptibility to treatment, characteristics which are often common to whole chemical classes of anthelmintics. Pharmacological properties also confer compatibility in terms of safety and persistence with ...
Biology 18 Spring, 1 Lab 4 - Comparison of Parasitic and Free-Living Worms Objectives: Understand the taxonomic relationships and major features of the worm phyla, Platyhelminthes, Nematoda and Annelida Learn the external and internal anatomy of Dugesia, Antihelminthic drugs ppt, and Ascaris and become familiar with the external features of the other specimens.
Background Between 2013 and 2015 the Department of Agriculture, Food and the Marine (DAFM) administered a sheep technology adoption programme (STAP), with the aim of increasing profitability on Irish sheep farms by encouraging the adoption of best management practices. One of the options available to STAP participants was to test the efficacy of the anthelmintic treatment (benzimadazole, levamisole or macrocyclic lactone) used in their flocks by means of a drench test, which is a modification of the faecal egg count reduction test; individual faecal samples were collected from the same group of lambs before and after anthelmintic treatment, the number of eggs present pre and post treatment was subsequently determined from a pooled sample. Results In total, 4211 drench tests were undertaken by farmers during the 3 years of the programme. Information on the anthelmintic product used was available for 3771 of these tests; anthelmintics from the classes benzimidazole (BZ), levamisole (LV) and ...
Gastrointestinal parasitism is a widely recognised problem in sheep production, particularly for lambs. While anthelmintics have a pivotal role in controlling the effects of parasites, there is a paucity of data on how farmers use anthelmintics. A representative sample of Irish lowland farmers were surveyed regarding their parasite control practices and risk factors that may contribute to the development of anthelmintic resistance. Questionnaires were distributed to 166 lowland Irish sheep producers. The vast majority of respondents treated their sheep with anthelmintics. Lambs were the cohort treated most frequently, the majority of farmers followed a set programme as opposed to treating at sign of disease. A substantial proportion (61%) administered four or more treatments to lambs in a normal year. Departures from best practice in anthelmintic administration that would encourage the development of anthelmintic resistance were observed. In conclusion, in the light of anthelmintic resistance, ...
Wart virus in shoes crijevni paraziti kod djece, hpv avec condylome laryngeal papillomatosis virus. Implementarea acestuia se bazează pe analizarea frecvenței de apariție a termenului «anthelmintic» în sursele digitalizate tipărite în Engleză între anul și până în prezent. In: Phytother.
A novel series of 1,2,5-trisubstituted benzimidazole derivatives was synthesized by coupling 2-mercapto-5-methoxybenzimidazol-1-acetic acid with several amino acid methyl ester hydrochlorides/dipeptides/tripeptides using dicyclohexylcarbodiimide (DCC) as the coupling agent and triethylamine (TEA) as the base. All newly synthesized compounds were characterized by spectral as well as elemental analysis and evaluated for their biological potential. Compounds 5, 8 and 12 were found to exhibit potent anthelmintic activity against M. konkanensis, P. corethruses and Eudrilus sp. in comparison to standard drug - mebendazole. Moreover, compounds 7, 9 and 13 possessed potent antifungal activity against C. albicans and compounds 4 and 10 displayed good activity against pathogenic bacteria P. aeruginosa. Gram negative bacteria were found to be more sensitive in comparison to gram positive bacteria towards the newly synthesized benzimidazolopeptide analogs ...
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With almost 2,000 farmers opting to complete the drench test task as one of their two technical tasks for inclusion in the STAP programme it became the most popular task. Despite this encouraging response, compliance with task instructions was low (27.8% n = 527). While, 16% of participants submitted only one sample, almost 15% of farmers did not report which anthelmintic product they used and the efficacy of these treatments could not be included in the study. Approximately 2% of farmers used an inappropriate product, such as a product active only as a flukicide or a combination (BZ/LEV) anthelmintic, and were also excluded from the study. A further 39.6% of farmers either did not provide information on time of sampling or did not meet the criteria concerning timeframes pre- and post-treatment (10-14, 4-7 or 14-18 days for BZ, LEV and ML products, respectively).. Over 1300 farmers reported which anthelmintic product they used and amongst those farmers 46% used a BZ product, making this drug ...
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Nematode parasites exist for nearly every agriculturally important animal and plant on earth, and currently infect over 2 billion people. Resistance to existing anthelmintics is rapidly growing and the need to develop novel anthelmintics is pressing. To identify potential anthelmintic leads, we screened the 600+ bioactive molecules that we have identified using C. elegans in the bovine parasitic nematode Cooperia oncophora in collaboration with John Gilleard (Calgary). C. oncophora also serves as a model for several nematode parasites of humans. We counter-screened our bioactive molecules in preliminary models of parasitic hosts, including zebrafish and a human cell line. We discovered 73 compounds that: i) kill both C. elegans and C. oncophora; ii) fail to induce obvious phenotypes in fish or HEK293 cells; and iii) have no obvious structural relationship to any characterized anthelmintic. Our work now focuses on exploiting C. elegans genetics and whole-genome sequencing to identify the target ...
Cum să atașezi un disc din rețea antiparasitic and anthelmintic Windows 10 Windows 10 Cei mai mulți dintre noi suntem mai familiarizați cu denumirea in engleză antiparasitic and anthelmintic acestei operații
The bark extracts of Prosopis staphaniana have been investigated for their anthelmintic activity aganist Pheretima posthuma. The different concentrati..
lbendazole + Ivermectin Bolus, is a powerful antiparasitic combination therapy indicated for treatment against worms. In bolus form, they are used against a wide range of parasitic worm infestations in animals. As a broad spectrum anthelmintic...
The continued existence of New Zealands critically endangered and endemic black stilt or kakï (Himantopus novaezelandiae) relies on an intensive captive management programme. While this is successful at rearing large numbers of birds for release to the wild, poor survivability of these birds is limiting significant increases in the wild population. Predation and starvation are suspected to be the most common causes of death in released birds, but underlying contributing factors to these mortalities have not been fully evaluated. This research investigates the possible contribution of gastrointestinal (GI) helminth burdens and suboptimal digestive organ development to the high mortality rates of released kakï. Emphasis is placed on evaluating the methods used to assess the importance of these factors and to make informed recommendations for future management. The efficacy of the anthelmintic regime used for kakï was assessed by dosing half of the 80 captive birds with praziquantel (PZQ) prior ...
Anthelmintic resistance in nematodes can be a problem in sheep, goats, horses, cattle and pigs. The most widespread resistance problems occur to benzimidazol anthelmintics in nematodes of sheep, goats and horses. Reports of this type of resistance have emanated from Australia. Africa, Europe North and South America; wherever animals are regularly treated with anthelmintics and investigation have been made. Beveridge et al. (1990), Eady et al. (1998), Rolfe (1993) and Waller et al.( !986) found a high level of benzimidazole resistance in gastro-intestinal nematodes in sheep in Australia. In Europe an increasing incidence of anthelmintic resistance in sheep were reported in Great Britain (Coles 1997, Hunt et al. 1992), in France (Guerin 1996) and in Denmark (Maingi et al. 1997). In USA benzimidazole resistance of gastro-intestinal nematodes in sheep were found in North Carolina (Uhlinger et al. 1992) and in eastern region (Lyons et al. 1992). Benzimidazole resistance in cyathostomes in horses has ...
Parasitic helminths infect over 1 billion people worldwide, while current treatments rely on a limited arsenal of drugs. To expedite drug discovery, we screened a small-molecule library of compounds with histories of use in human clinical trials for anthelmintic activity against the soil nematode Ca …
Anthelmintics are drugs that are used to treat infections with parasitic worms. This includes both flat worms, e.g., flukes and tapeworms and round worms, i.e.,
Description: Solas (Mabendazole) is an effective and versatile broad spectrum anthelmintic agent; it eradicates warms by inhibiting nutrition uptake irreversibly. It is safe even in anaemic and mainutritive patients due to its negligible absorption...
The anthelmintic agent ivermectin, tested in the EPIC (: Estudio Para Evaluar la Ivermectina en) COVID-19 trial of 476 patients, did not significantly shorten symptom duration in adults with mild COVID-19.
Endospec 10% SC with the selenium and colbalt is a broad spectrum multi purpose anthelmintic for the control of mature and developing immature forms of gastrointestinal roundworms, lungworms, tapewormsand adult liver fluke in cattle and ...
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N-[2-(Substituted amido)phenyl]-N,N-bis-carbonylguanidines bearing an optionally substituted phenoxy, phenylthio, phenylsulfinyl or phenylsulfonyl group in the 4- or 5-position of the 2-(substituted amido)phenyl group are anthelmintic agents. The compounds, of which N-(2-acetamido-4-phenylthiophenyl)-N,N-bis-carbomethoxyguanidine is a typical example, are prepared through the reaction of isothiourea-S-alkyl ether and an appropriately substituted 2-aminoanilide.
So why is resistance a growing issue? As discussed already, many individuals have relied exclusively on one type of dewormer. Eventually, as is typical in nature, organisms adapt to their environment to be more successful and to pass on their genetic code to future generations. Essentially, once the worms adapt, or a few individuals survive a purge deworming, they are able to pass on these enhanced genetics to a future generation of worms which will also have that advantage of being immune to that drug. If they are never exposed to a different type of dewormer, essentially the horse owner is just developing a breeding program for resistant worms! One strategy to adopt when thinking about breeding worms is to increase the number of refugia, or the population of worms which have not been exposed to dewormers. These would be the worms that would be in horses that were untreated, the encysted larval stages or perhaps those in the pasture. These non-exposed worms actually help to dilute out the ...
Helminths are arguably the most important parasites affecting livestock production throughout the world causing a range of disorders which particularly affect the productivity, fertility and welfare of farmed ruminants. Gastro-intestinal nematodes can cause scouring, reductions in appetite and ill thrift and have been estimated to cost the British sheep industry around 84 million pounds per annum, based upon the costs of lost production, preventive measures and treatment of affected animals.
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The objective of the Health Products Regulatory Authority is to ensure in so far as possible, consistent with current medical and scientific knowledge, the quality, safety and efficacy of medicines available in Ireland and to participate in systems designed to do that throughout the European Union.
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Approximately 40 new comedications have been added to the web and app versions of the interaction charts (the printable charts will be updated in next few weeks). Details of the new drugs are listed below.. Anthelmintics: ivermectin, ...
Tailored horse worming programmes ensure specific worms are targeted with an effective product at the right time. This article outlines the four main classes of anthelmintics (horse wormers) and advice on how to worm throughout the year.
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ABSTRACT. A survey was conducted on the occurrence of anthelmintic resistance of nematodes in communally grazed sheep in a semi-arid area near Mafikeng South Africa, from January to March 2006. In the herds belonging to twelve smallholder sheep farmers, the efficacies of albendazole, levamisole and closantel were tested by faecal egg count reduction tests where 80 % efficacy was considered the cut off for anthelmintic resistance. The results of the faecal egg count reduction tests showed more than 80 % efficacy with all the drugs used in most cases, but there were notable exceptions. In 1 case, closantel had an efficacy of 72%, albendazole had an efficacy of 68 % and levamisole showed efficacies of 58%, 60% and 75 =% respectively on 4 farms. The occurrence of anthelmintic resistance in this farming sector is of concern and steps should be taken to prevent its further spread and development to avoid a situation developing as on numerous commercial sheep farms in South Africa where resistance is ...
List of Tables. Table 1. Global Albendazole Anthelmintic Drug Revenue (USD Million) by Type: 2015 VS 2019 VS 2025. Table 2. Breakdown of Albendazole Anthelmintic Drug by Company Type (Tier 1, Tier 2 and Tier 3). Table 3. Global Albendazole Anthelmintic Drug Market Size and Growth Estimation in Various Scenarios in 2020. Table 4. Global Albendazole Anthelmintic Drug Revenue (USD Million) by Application: 2015 VS 2019 VS 2025. Table 5. Market Opportunities in Next Few Years. Table 6. Market Risks Analysis. Table 7. Market Drivers. Table 8. GlaxoSmithKline Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Competitors. Table 9. GlaxoSmithKline Albendazole Anthelmintic Drug Major Business. Table 10. GlaxoSmithKline Albendazole Anthelmintic Drug Total Revenue (USD Million) (2018-2019). Table 11. GlaxoSmithKline SWOT Analysis. Table 12. GlaxoSmithKline Albendazole Anthelmintic Drug Product and Services. Table 13. GlaxoSmithKline Albendazole Anthelmintic Drug Sales, Price, Revenue, Gross Margin and Market Share ...
The practice of traditional medicine is as old as the human race and plants are an important source of research and development of new drugs. Anthelmintic resistance in human and animal pathogenic helminths has been spreading in prevalence and severity to a point where there is multi-drug resistance against the three major classes of anthelmintics. It has become a global phenomenon in gastrointestinal nematodes of farm animals, and hence the need for novel anthelmintic products. The objectives of this study were to document plants which are commonly used in the treatment and control of helminthosis in Loitoktok District of Kenya and to determine the bioactivity, anthelmintic efficacy and preliminary phytochemistry of herbal remedies from selected plants from the study area. An ethnopharmacological study was done through gathering information from 23 traditional health practitioners from across the district. Plants used traditionally as anthelmintics were identified by the traditional healers and ...
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Anthelmintic activity of crude powder, aqueous, diethyl ether and methanol extracts of Chenopodim album leaves were tested at different concentrations. All extracts showe..
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Albendazole Dose For 3 Year Old Child. Albendazole Dosage Guide with Precautions - Drugs.comDetailed Albendazole dosage 400 mg orally once a day for 3 days. Usual Adult Dose this drug can be used in children as young as 1 year; many children Albendazole dosage for 3 years child? - HealthcareMagicMy kid is 3 years and 3 months old. Dose of Albendazole for your kid is 400 mg single dose. It must not be given to a child with known hypersensitivity to Albendazole (Albenza) Drug Information - Indications May repeat course in 3 weeks. Children 2 400 mg as a best online pharmacy to buy cialis single dose. Bihar must take a course of Albendazole. 1 tabs daily for 3 days and repeat the albendazole: What is, what is used for, dose, side effects Children. Albendazole should not be given to children less than 2 years old. a daily dose of 400 mg (tablets or suspension) for 3 days.Mebendazole for worm infections , Medicines for ChildrenMebendazole for worm infections This leaflet is about the use of ...
Epidemiological studies have shown inverse associations between geohelminth (intestinal helminth) infection and atopy, leading to the suggestion that geohelminths might protect against allergy. Periodic deworming of school children with anthelmintics is a widely implemented intervention and has raised concerns that such programmes could increase allergy. We investigated the effect of repeated anthelmintic treatments with albendazole over 12 months on the prevalence of atopy and clinical indices of allergy. ...
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Generic Vermox (Mebendazole) is used for treatment of certain worm infections (eg, pinworm, roundworm, whipworm, hookworm). Mebendazole is an anthelmintic agent. It works by killing sensitive worms and causing them to be expelled from the body.. Generic Vermox (Mebendazole 100mg) £ 0.57 pill - Antiparasitic @ All America Trusts | All America Trusts -
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Generic Vermox (Mebendazole) is used for treatment of certain worm infections (eg, pinworm, roundworm, whipworm, hookworm). Mebendazole is an anthelmintic agent. It works by killing sensitive worms and causing them to be expelled from the body.. Generic Vermox (Mebendazole 100mg) $ 1.04 pill - Antiparasitic @ KupTania.
Randox Food Diagnostics has released an Avermectins biochip testing platform (EV3842) and Avermectin ELISA (AV3477). These kits have been developed specifically for the growing need for these residues to be tested at border inspection points, slaughter houses and import houses as a method to rapidly and easily screen for the avermectin residues (anthelmintic compound).
The increasing prevalence of anthelmintic (drench) resistance in gastrointestinal parasite populations is decreasing the profitability of the Australian sheep industry. Refugia management can delay its development by not exposing a proportion of the worm population to chemical control. A dynamic-optimisation model is used to assess the economic value of refugia for management of the worm species Teladorsagia circumcincta and macrocyclic lactone drenches in an application to Western Australian sheep flocks. A low rate of refugia (2 per cent) is most profitable under standard circumstances because it slows the development of resistance, but also reduces the proportion of the flock not exposed to chemical control. Frequent drench application should remain the primary method of control. However, its efficacy should be preserved through refugia management, rather than greatly reducing treatment frequency ...
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Product name: Vermox. Active substance: Mebendazole. Is used to: Generic Vermox (Mebendazole) is used for treatment of certain worm infections (eg, pinworm, roundworm, whipworm, hookworm). Mebendazole is an anthelmintic agent. It works by killing sensitive worms and causing them to be expelled from the body.. Also Known As: Mebex. Manufacturer: Cipla. Product Page: Go to product page. Payment method: Visa / AmEx. Delivery Time: 5-7 business days by Courier Service or 10-21 business days by Standard International Airmail. Bonus options: USPS - Fast Delivery Shipping 1-4 day USA Best quality drugs Fast Shipping USA Professional packaging 100% guarantee on delivery Best prices in the market Discounts for returning customers FDA approved productas 35000+ satisfied customers. ...
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Prevention/Control: This is based on avoiding pastures grazed by lambs during previous grazing seasons. Adult sheep are highly resistant to infection and only lambs produce significant number of eggs. Anthelmintic prophylaxis timing is guided upon environmental temperatures and disease forecasts. Typically, in normal risk situations, anthelmintic treatment should be given 3 weeks apart during May. In high risk situations, 3 anthelmintic treatments are given, extending the drenching period into June. ...
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Buy Bendex Online! Bendex is a synthetic benzimidazole derivate and anthelmintic agent. This results in a depletion of glycogen stores and leads to reduced formation of ATP required for survival and reproduction of the helminth.
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The Fecal Egg Count Reduction Test (FECRT) is a diagnostic tool that shows how well your cattle deworming program is working. See how to conduct a FECRT here.
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What I use is very inexpensive and a all around deworming treatment. Fenbendazole 10% it is 100% effective against all four types of canine intestinal worms. If you would by deworming medications just for deworming dogs you would be paying a lot more for them. So instead of buying dog/puppy deworming medications you can use Safe-Guard 10% suspension goat dewormer. You can use this on puppies that are 2 weeks or older dogs. You should deworm your dogs every month to keep them free of worm infestations. If you only have one dog you could share with friends the cost to buy a 1000 ml bottle that contains 100 mg per ml of the active ingredient of Fenbendazole. This is cheaper to buy on a yearly basis than any deworming medication. When you buy the dog/puppy deworming medications from Wal Mart they only treat for two may be three canine intestinal worms, so you would have to buy two types of deworming medications to do the same as buying Safe-Guard 10% suspension goat dewormer which is effective ...
Naftalofos is an insecticide and an anthelmintic. Naftalofos represents an effective therapeutic alternative for incorporation into worm control programmes.
The action of anthelmintics on parasites located outside of the alimentary canal / by Brayton Howard Ransom, Chief of the Zoological Division and Maurice C. Hall, assistant zoologist, Zoological Division ...
Comparative study on Anthelmintic property of Medicinal Plants, Asha Devi. S., Caroline Lo Yan Fung, Priya Prakash, Theodora Lydia
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Emodepside is a resistance-breaking anthelmintic of a new chemical class, the cyclooctadepsipeptides. A major determinant of its anthelmintic effect is the calcium-activated potassium channel SLO-1. SLO-1 belongs to a family of channels that are highly conserved across the animal phyla and regulate neurosecretion, hormone release, muscle contraction, and neuronal network excitability. To investigate the selective toxicity of emodepside, we performed transgenic experiments in which the nematode SLO-1 channel was swapped for a mammalian ortholog, human KCNMA1. Expression of either the human channel or Caenorhabditis elegans slo-1 from the native slo-1 promoter in a C. elegans slo-1 functional null mutant rescued behavioral deficits that otherwise resulted from loss of slo-1 signaling. However, worms expressing the human channel were 10- to 100-fold less sensitive to emodepside than those expressing the nematode channel. Strains expressing the human KCNMA1 channel were preferentially sensitive to ...
Albendazole is an anthelmintic (an-thel-MIN-tik) or anti- worm medication. It prevents newly hatched insect larvae (worms) from growing or multiplying in your body. Albendazole is used to treat certain infections caused by worms such as pork tapeworm and dog tapeworm. Albendazole may also be used for purposes not listed...
Impact of Anthelminthic Treatment in Pregnancy and Childhood on Immunisations, Infections and Eczema in Childhood: A Randomised Controlled Trial Background Helminth infections may modulate immune responses to unrelated pathogens and allergens; these effects may commence prenatally. We addressed the hypothesis that anthelminthic treatment in pregnancy and early childhood would improve responses to immunisation and…
... shows anthelmintic activity Anthelmintic resistance in parasites is now widespread. It is a major threat to the sustainability ... Anthelmintics at the US National Library of Medicine Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) Holden-Dye, L. and Walker, R.J. ... Pills containing anthelmintics are used in mass deworming campaigns of school-aged children in many developing countries. The ... Treatment with an antihelminthic drug kills worms whose phenotype renders them susceptible to the drug, but resistant parasites ...
Canada, Health (17 May 1996). "Anthelmintics". Retrieved 23 November 2021. Prevention, CDC-Centers for Disease ...
"Anthelmintics". Retrieved 17 November 2014. "Overview of Anthelmintics". The Merck Veterinary Manual. Merck Sharp & ... can be pre-treated with the anthelmintic drug albendazole. Areas with the highest prevalence of helminthiasis are tropical and ...
Monk, Edward J. M.; Abba, Katharine; Ranganathan, Lakshmi N. (2021-06-01). "Anthelmintics for people with neurocysticercosis". ...
Among anthelmintics, Blizzard et al. 1990 found only paraherquamide to have similar activity to phenothiazine. It is possible ... Jul 2014). "Anthelmintic resistance in equine parasites--current evidence and knowledge gaps". Vet Parasitol. 204 (1-2): 55-63 ... 369 In the 1940s it also was introduced as antihelminthic for humans; since it was often given to children, the drug was often ...
Anthelmintic is any drug that acts to expel parasites mainly helminths from the host's body through either stunning or killing ... Using an oral drench gun attached to the back of the operator, anthelmintic chemicals which are in a pack worn on the back are ... "Anthelmintic Drugs , Basic Concepts in Pharmacology: What You Need to Know for Each Drug Class, 5e , AccessPharmacy , McGraw- ... There are a wide range of anthelmintic drugs that can be used however three classes are available for sale on the livestock ...
Anthelmintic drug resistance is a widespread emerging problem. Resistance has been reported to all broad spectrum anthelmintics ... Broad spectrum anthelmintics include benzimidazoles (BZs). BZs have been used since the 1960s, and resistance was detected in ... Broad spectrum anthelmintics are also effective against adult worms and larvae. There are several benzimidazoles were ... Gross, S. J.; Ryan, W. G.; Ploeger, H. W. (1999-05-22). "Anthelmintic treatment of dairy cows and its effect on milk production ...
They provide an alternative mechanism of action to current anthelmintics and the development of resistance is thought to be ... Stepek G, Behnke JM, Buttle DJ, Duce IR (July 2004). "Natural plant cysteine proteinases as anthelmintics?". Trends in ... Behnke JM, Buttle DJ, Stepek G, Lowe A, Duce IR (September 2008). "Developing novel anthelmintics from plant cysteine ... Serpins Stefins IAPs Currently there is no widespread use of cysteine proteases as approved and effective anthelmintics but ...
According to Ayurveda, the plant is anthelmintic, alexiteric, restorative, and antipyretic. It is used in the treatment of ... SEED uses Anthelmintic ; ROOT uses Nutritive Tephrosia purpurea is used as a fish poison for fishing. Its leaves and seeds ...
Anthelmintics: Used for treating certain parasitic infections; includes praziquantel Buprenorphine: Metabolized into ...
Anthelmintics can treat and prevent Trichinella infections. Trichinosis (trichinellosis) is a disease caused by tissue-dwelling ...
It is an anthelmintic.[citation needed] It has been used as a laxative and an alexiteric. The sap is used to treat acne and ...
... is an anthelmintic. Its brand name is Flutelmium which is a paste manufactured by Janssen Pharmaceutica N.V. used ... Anthelmintics, Antiparasitic agents, Diarylketones, Benzimidazoles, Carbamates, Fluoroarenes, All stub articles, Antiinfective ...
Howes HL (June 1971). "Anthelmintic studies with pyrantel. II. Prophylactic activity in a mouse-ascaris suum test model". The ... Cochrane Infectious Diseases Group) (April 2020). "Anthelmintic drugs for treating ascariasis". The Cochrane Database of ...
... is an anthelmintic. Desapidin may occur in natural form within some plants such as Coastal woodfern, Dryopteris ... Anthelmintics, Cyclohexadienes, Piceol ethers, Resorcinols, All stub articles, Antiinfective agent stubs). ...
... is an anthelmintic. It has typically been used in human and animal medicine as a treatment for intestinal worms. ...
It is considered the safest of the organophosphate class of anthelmintics for use in ruminants. Bosman CH (1965). "Anthelmintic ... Enejoh OS, Suleiman MM (2017). "Anthelmintics and their Application in Veterinary Medicine" (PDF). Research in Medical & ...
Retrieved 7 January 2020.[dead link] LAL, M. B. (19 April 1947). "Acanthocephala of Trout and Anthelmintics : Behaviour in ...
This resistance has arisen from the persistent use of the same anthelmintic drugs for the past 40 years. In dogs, ivermectin is ... December 2015). "Anthelmintic resistance to ivermectin and moxidectin in gastrointestinal nematodes of cattle in Europe". ... Ivermectin is only effective in killing some of these parasites, this is because of an increase in anthelmintic resistance. ... Conterno LO, Turchi MD, Corrêa I, Monteiro de Barros Almeida RA (April 2020). "Anthelmintic drugs for treating ascariasis". The ...
Chen, Wei; Mook, Robert A.; Premont, Richard T.; Wang, Jiangbo (January 2018). "Niclosamide: Beyond an antihelminthic drug". ... Alternative methods for treating coenurosis include administering anthelmintics and glucocorticoids. Praziquantel, Niclosamide ...
Matthews JB (December 2014). "Anthelmintic resistance in equine nematodes". Int J Parasitol Drugs Drug Resist. 4 (3): 310-5. ...
Holden-Dye, Lindy; Walker, Robert J. "Anthelmintic drugs". WormBook. Retrieved 23 May 2018. Scholar, Eric M.; Pratt, William B ...
Rao, VS; Seshadri, TR (1947). "Kamala dye as an anthelmintic". Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Sciences. 26 (3): 178-181. ...
... is a salicylanilide anthelmintic. It is used in the treatment and control of fascioliasis in ruminants mainly ... "Repurposing Salicylanilide Anthelmintic Drugs to Combat Drug Resistant Staphylococcus aureus". PLOS ONE. 10 (4): e0124595. doi: ... Anthelmintics, Chloroarenes, Phenols, Salicylanilides, All stub articles, Antiinfective agent stubs). ...
All available anthelmintics are efficient at treating the infection. Prophylactic anthelmintic treatment may help prevent the ...
Then it is discovered that using any type of anthelmintic actually causes more excruciating pain and eventual death. Chaos ... Pharmacies are crowded with people desperate to get anthelmintics. Matters become worse when more people jump into rivers ...
Anthelmintics such as praziquantel may help prevent this condition. Prohibition of the feeding of uncooked offals may be the ...
Prevalence of anthelmintic resistance on 62 beef cattle farms in the North Island of New Zealand. NZ Vet J 546: 278-282. doi: ... Anthelmintic resistance in nematode parasites of cattle: a global issue? Trend Parasitol 27: 176-181. doi:10.1016/ ... Anthelmintic resistance of Ostertagia ostertagi and Cooperia oncophora to macrocyclic lactones in cattle from the western ... Anthelmintic resistance in gastrointestinal nematodes of dairy cattle in the Macalister Irrigation District of Victoria. Aust ...
The seeds are anthelmintic and carminative. The juice of the leaves is used as a remedy against discharge of pus from the ear. ...
... was marketed by Bayer as an anthelmintic in the early 20th century, and was featured in print ads alongside other ... In fact, a large number of piperazine compounds have an anthelmintic action. Their mode of action is generally by paralysing ... These drugs are often referred to simply as "piperazine" which may cause confusion between the specific anthelmintic drugs, the ... Martin RJ (31 July 1997). "Modes of action of anthelmintic drugs". The Veterinary Journal. 154 (1): 11-34. doi:10.1016/S1090- ...
Anthelmintics. Class Summary. The biochemical pathways in parasites are different enough from those of the human host to allow ... Triclabendazole is an anthelmintic agent. The mechanism by which triclabendazole exhibits its effect against Fasciola species ...
Pion SD, Nana-Djeunga H, Niamsi-Emalio Y, Chesnais CB, Deléglise H, Mackenzie C, et al. Implications for annual retesting after a test-and-not-treat strategy for onchocerciasis elimination in areas co-endemic with Loa loa infection: an observational cohort study. Lancet Infect Dis. 2020 Jan. 20 (1):102-109. [QxMD MEDLINE Link]. ...
This guidance is intended to standardize and simplify methods used in the evaluation of new anthelmintics submitted for ... CVM GFI #90 (VICH GL7) Effectiveness of Anthelmintics: General Recommendations August 2022 Download the Draft Guidance Document ... This guidance provides general recommendations for the design of effectiveness studies for anthelmintics, applicable to the ... universal acceptance of the generated effectiveness data to fulfill the national/regional requirements for anthelmintic drugs ...
... *Efficacy of Anthelmintics : Specific Recommendations for Ovines VICH GL13 (Anthelmintics: Ovines) November 1999 ... Efficacy of Anthelmintics : Specific Recommendations for Swine VICH GL16 (Anthelmintics: Swine) June 2001 - Implemented in July ... Efficacy of Anthelmintics : Specific Recommendations for Equine VICH GL15 (Anthelmintics: Equine) June 2001 - Implemented in ... Efficacy of Anthelmintics : Specific Recommendations for Canine VICH GL19 (Anthelmintics: Canine) June 2001 - Implemented in ...
Anthelmintic Baiting of Foxes against Echinococcus multilocularis in Small Public Area, Japan Kohji Uraguchi1. , Takao Irie12, ... Anthelmintic Baiting of Foxes against Echinococcus multilocularis in Small Public Area, Japan. ...
... labels on anthelmintic products for horses must also carry the following information, as applicable. 4. Statement of claims for ... For all anthelmintic products to be used in horses, the following contraindication statement should be included:. This product ... Name of product] contains [name of active ingredient], a member of the [name of the anthelmintic group] family of chemicals.. ... In addition to the standard labelling requirements, labels on anthelmintic products for horses must also carry the following ...
Anthelmintics Arvicolinae Disease Vectors Echinococcosis, Pulmonary Echinococcus Foxes Humans Parasite Egg Count Research ... Title : Anthelmintic Baiting of Foxes against Urban Contamination with Echinococcus multilocularis Personal Author(s) : Hegglin ...
Anthelmintic Treatment of Uncinariasis published on May 1954 by The American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. ... There was no increase in anthelmintic efficiency as a result of administering the tetrachlorethylene in fractionated doses, nor ... In hookworm-counted, controlled treatments there was no increase in anthelmintic efficiency as a result of alternating ... causes less shock to the patient and is more efficacious in removing hookworms than when the anthelmintic is followed by a ...
N-Bromosuccinimide As An Analytical Reagent For The Spectrophotometric Determination Of Benzimidazole Anthelmintics. Author(s): ...
10 Having an anthelmintic resistance screen which evaluates different anthelmintics in one test would be beneficial not only to ... Anthelmintic treatment history in the Armenian red sheep was known for the last 6 yr. This group of red sheep consisted of ... No prior anthelmintic use was documented with this particular herd of elk. The predominant genera present from the elk were ... Using DrenchRite®, anthelmintic resistance has been diagnosed for two herds of wild ruminants, one of elk (Cervus elaphus) and ...
Anti-fungal and Anthelmintic drugs available in the market, they produce many side effects; hence to improve the status of ... Phyto chemical Screening, Antibacterial, Antifungal and Anthelmintic Activity of Morinda citrifolia stem. J Pharmacogn ... The Petroleum Ether and Alcoholic extract were evaluated for Anthelmintic activity on adult Indian Earthworms, ‘Pheretima ... Phyto chemical Screening, Antibacterial, Antifungal and Anthelmintic Activity of Morinda citrifolia stem ...
In Vitro Anthelmintic Activity of Crude Extracts of Aerial Parts of Cissus quadrangularis L. and Leaves of Schinus molle L. ... Anthelmintic activity of acetone extracts from South African plants used on egg hatching of ,I,Haemonchus contortus,/I,. ... In vitro anthelmintic activity of crude extracts of five medicinal plants against egg-hatching and larval development of ... In Vitro Anthelmintic Activity of Crude Extracts of Artemisia herba-alba and Punica granatum against Haemonchus contortus. ...
This proves that there is anthelmintic activity of CLE ( Syzygium aromaticum) against Ascaridia galli. The anthelmintic ... and widespread anthelmintic resistance. As an alternative, clove leaves are very valuable as an anthelmintic because they ... In vitro anthelmintic activity of clove-leaf extract (Syzygium aromaticum) against Ascaridia galli. Santika Anggrahini, Irkham ... Patel J, G S Kumar M S Qureshi, and P K Jena 2010 Anthelmintic activity of ethanolic extract of whole plant of Eupatorium ...
"Chemogenomic approaches to drug design : docking-based virtual screening of nematode GPCRs for potential anthelmintic agents." ... However, the current anthelmintics are no longer as effective and some strains have developed resistance thus increasing the ... Chemogenomic approaches to drug design : docking-based virtual screening of nematode GPCRs for potential anthelmintic agents. ... Chemogenomic approaches to drug design : docking-based virtual screening of nematode GPCRs for potential anthelmintic agents. ...
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... , Diriba Lemma, Birhanu Abera ... "Anthelmintic Resistance." Vet Parasitol 72(1997): 391-405.. *Demeke, N and Zewdu S. "A Review on Anthelmintic Resistance and ... Anthelmintic Resistance to Commonly Used Drugs in Naturally Infected Sheep in and Around Bekoji. Diriba Lemma*, Birhanu Abera ... Anthelmintic resistance in nematodes of small ruminants has been in all continents and is now recognized as one of the greatest ...
Title : Evaluation of Hetrazan as an anthelmintic in children Personal Author(s) : Gabbard, Mildred B.;Kotcher, Emil;Pulliam, E ...
Electrochemical data were acquired for several categories of anthelmintic agents, namely, iminium-type ions, metal derivatives ... Electrochemical data were acquired for several categories of anthelmintic agents, namely, iminium-type ions, metal derivatives ... "Reduction Potentials of Anthelmintic Drugs: Possible Relationship to Activity" (1989). Chemistry Faculty Research and ...
... are therapeutic agents used to eradicate parasitic worms from the infected host. ... Anthelmintics *Antineoplastics *Topical medications *Pessaries *Injections *Anti-asthmatics *ENT Drugs *OTC *Analgesics * ... Anthelmintics are therapeutic agents used to eradicate parasitic worms from the infected host. ...
Earlier anthelmintic drugs suffered from serious drawbacks such as hepatotoxicity and required specific preparation of the ... Grover JK, Vats V, Uppal G, Yadav S. Anthelmintics: a review. Tropical Gastroenterology. 2001 Oct-Dec; 22(4): 180-9. en_US. ... The present review aims at evaluating the currently available anthelmintics with respect to their efficacy and adverse effects ...
The anthelmintic agents comprise of drugs of chemically diverse structures and their mechanism of action differs from one agent ... Classification of Anthelmintics. , Home , , Medicinal Chemistry , Chapter: Medicinal Chemistry : Anthelmintics. The ... The anthelmintic agents comprise of drugs of chemically diverse structures and their mechanism of action differs from one agent ... These are versatile anthelmintic agents particularly effective against gastrointestinal nematodes. These are highly effective ...
Andazol 400mg TabletsCountry of Origin: TurkeyActive Substance: AlbendazolePharmacological effect: Andazol is an anthelmintic ...
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Filariasis has been treated with the anthelmintic agents diethylcarbamazine and albendazole. [74] ...
Text; Format: print Publication details: Geneva : World Health Organization, 1995Other title: Drugs used in parasitic diseases.Title translated: Fiches modèles OMS d information à l usage des prescripteurs : médicaments utilisés en parasitologie; Modelo OMS de informaciòn sobre prescripción de medicamentos : medicamentos utilizados en las enfermedades parasitarias.Online access: Click here to access online , Click here to access online Availability: Items available for loan: WHO HQ (2)Call number: QV 253 95WH, ... Not available: WHO HQ: Withdrawn (1). ...
Parasite control strategies historically have relied heavily on anthelmintic drenches, but with the emergence of anthelmintic ... A study was then conducted to confirm that the anthelmintic effects of Calliandra were due to the condensed tannins in the ... In vitro assays were also used to screen a number of other tropical legumes for anthelmintic activity. Crude extracts of nine ... Cresswell, Keryn J. (2007) Anthelmintic effects of tropical shrub legumes in ruminant animals. PhD thesis, James Cook ...
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Pharmacognosy Research (Pharmacogn Res.). [ISSN: Print -0976-4836, Online - 0974-8490] [], It provides peer-reviewed original research articles from the field of Natural Products. The journal serves an international audience of scientists and researchers in a variety of research and academia by quickly disseminating research findings related to Medicinal Plants and Natural Products.. It is a peer reviewed journal aiming to publish high quality original research articles, methods, techniques and evaluation reports, critical reviews, short communications, commentaries and editorials of all aspects of medicinal plant research. The journal is aimed at a broad readership, publishing articles on all aspects of pharmacognosy, and related fields. The journal aims to increase understanding of pharmacognosy as well as to direct and foster further research through the dissemination of scientific information by the publication of manuscripts. The submissions of original contributions ...
  • Little is known of anthelmintic resistance in wild ruminants, with the majority of research being conducted with sheep and goats. (
  • Using DrenchRite®, anthelmintic resistance has been diagnosed for two herds of wild ruminants, one of elk ( Cervus elaphus ) and one of Armenian red sheep ( Ovis orientalis ). (
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  • 2-8,10 Having an anthelmintic resistance screen which evaluates different anthelmintics in one test would be beneficial not only to the veterinarian but to the producer who will have the results in about 1 wk. (
  • Commercial anthelmintic drugs cause many problems including environmental pollution, adverse effects on host health, and widespread anthelmintic resistance. (
  • However, the current anthelmintics are no longer as effective and some strains have developed resistance thus increasing the need for new anthelmintics. (
  • What is Anthelmintic Resistance? (
  • Resistance is suspected on albendazole based on the findings, it was concluded that development of anthelmintic resistance could be prevented by avoid frequent and unnecessary treatments anthelmintics, opting instead for strategic deworming. (
  • Therefore, if the product is administered at the recommended dose helminthic drug, there is the possibility of lack of efficacy and the potential for anthelmintic resistance. (
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  • Înțelesul "antihelminthic" în dicționarul Engleză Methods for the detection of antihelmintic resistance in nematodos of veterinary anthelmintic mechanism. (
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  • Equine helminth parasites epidemiolgy, diagnostics, anthelmintic resistance, and disease Martin hpv and cancer statistics Fișier:Enterobius vermicularis Examenul obiectiv va include examinarea regiunii perianale pentru observarea unor semne de iritatie sau roseata, anthelmintic nedir exista. (
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  • To date, only limited evidence has been found of drug resistance in Nematodirus to any of the available classes of anthelmintic. (
  • Modelling anthelmintic resistance by extending eggCounts package to allow individual efficacy, International Journal for Parasitology: Drugs and Drug Resistance, Submitted. (
  • We prepared anthelmintic baits for this study by mixing praziquantel with fishmeal and 2 types of edible fats, which we formed into pellets containing 50 mg praziquantel each ( 11 ). (
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  • This event was actually a follow-up activity to the initial schistosomiasis mass drug administration (MDA) exercise, and was used to dose those students missed during that initial dosing of the anthelmintic medication, praziquantel (PZQ). (
  • Sinonimele și antonimele antihelminthic în dicționarul de sinonime Engleză Piperazina este un anthelmintic response definition eficient împotriva nematozilor intestinali Ascaris lumbricoides ascaride și Enterobius vermicularis oxiuricu toate că alte. (
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  • Filariasis has been treated with the anthelmintic agents diethylcarbamazine and albendazole. (
  • About the drug: Albendazole is an anthelmintic or anti-worm medication. (
  • Uses of Albendazole- Albendazole Precautions and Side effects hpv warts cause anthelmintic in malayalam Cancer de colon simptome timpurii detoxifierea colonului hofigal, warts on hands cure viermi negrii de pamant. (
  • Mebendazole anthelmintic Pharmacology a Anti Helminthic AntHelminthic AntiHelminthic Drugs Albendazole Mebendazole Worm detoxifiere dupa alcool Parazit u crevima simptomi medicamentos para eliminar oxiuros, cancer endometrial ressonancia rectosigmoid cancer uptodate. (
  • Anthelmintics are therapeutic agents used to eradicate parasitic worms from the infected host. (
  • Anthelmintic malayalam meaning Symptoms, Causes and Treatment for Worms hepatic cancer adalah Hpv with herpes cancer pulmonar transmitere, warts treatment uk cancer de prostata definicao. (
  • Traducere "mebendazole" în română mebendazol Alte traduceri Medicines to treat infections caused by worms are called anthelmintics. (
  • Medicines to treat que significa la palabra papiloma caused by worms are called anthelmintics. (
  • Anthelmintic treatment contains anthelmintic treatment active ingredient mebendazole, a medicine that kills worms, worm eggs and larvae in the body. (
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  • As an antihelmintic [drugs that expel parasitic worms from the body], the papaya seeds are chewed and swallowed anthelmintic mechanism teaspoon of seeds] anthelmintic mechanism each of the three principal meals. (
  • Anthelmintics or antihelminthics are a group of antiparasitic drugs that expel parasitic worms helminths and other internal parasites from prescurtare de helmintologie body by either stunning or killing them and without anthelmintic drugs slideshare significant damage to the host. (
  • Anthelmintic definition is - expelling or destroying parasitic worms especially of the intestine. (
  • Despre carte Epidemiological studies of GI parasitism in goat in Madhya Pradesh Anthelmintics or antihelminthics are a group of antiparasitic drugs anthelmintic studies expel parasitic worms and anthelmintic la gi la gi internal parasites from the body by either stunning or killing them and without causing significant damage to the ovycexirifaq. (
  • Ethanolic extracts of Clerodendrum infortunatum and Vitex negundo were taken for anthelmintic activity against Indian earthworm Pheritima posthuma.Various concentrations of both extracts were tested and results were expressed in terms of time for paralysis and time for death of worms. (
  • Anthelmintic definition in hindi, Gastric cancer her2 scoring Anthelmintic nedir Anthelmintic nedir drugs for treating Worms anthelmintic nedir anthelmintic in malayalam sensiblu Preparate dulci pentru viermi human papillomavirus malayalam meaning, hpv y lesion ce medicamente să bea pentru helminți. (
  • For anthelmintic activity, Pheretima posthuma was selected as test animal while 25, 50, 100 mg/ml concentrations of samples were tested in the bioassay, from which time of paralysis and time of death of worms were estimated. (
  • Miller carries a reference to killing worms, as does Quincy, so its reputation as anthelmintic is current in the 18th century. (
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  • Levamisol is a synthetic anthelmintic for treatment and control of gastrointestinal worms. (
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  • Andazol 400mg TabletsCountry of Origin: TurkeyActive Substance: AlbendazolePharmacological effect: Andazol is an anthelmintic medication. (
  • Medication such as anthelmintics dewormers may be used to kill off the parasites, but they may also lead to other complications. (
  • Mebendazole MBZ is a medication used to treat anthelmintic treatment number of parasitic worm infestations. (
  • The anthelmintic medication can be given either as a tablet or as an injection, depending on which one is better tolerated by the animal. (
  • Giving your pet anthelmintic medication without any medical guidance can be dangerous, especially if you haven't done it before or you don't know how to do research on what factors to consider so that every safety measure is ensured. (
  • Vermox - IndicatiiVermox este indicat pentru tratamentul infestarilor simple sau mixte cu enterobius vermicularis oxiuroza anthelmintic treatment, Trichuris trichiura tricocefalozaAscaris lumbricoides ascaridiozaAncylost. (
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  • Înțelesul "anthelmintic" în dicționarul Engleză Parasitic infections are helminthic drug with anthelmintics. (
  • Implementarea acestuia se bazează pe analizarea frecvenței de apariție a termenului «anthelmintic» în helminthic drug digitalizate tipărite în Engleză între anul și până în prezent. (
  • Cărți în legătură cu anthelmintic și extrase din aceasta pentru a furniza contextul de întrebuințare al acestuia în literatura Engleză. (
  • Buy Vermox Without Prescription Cheap Mebendazole On Internet Cărți în legătură cu quintic și extrase din aceasta pentru a furniza contextul de întrebuințare al acestuia anthelmintic la gi literatura Engleză. (
  • Medical vocabulary: What does Anthelmintics mean symptomes papillomavirus uterus OXYNTIC - Definiția și sinonimele oxyntic în dicționarul Engleză Haematology, biochemistry, serology and cardiac biomarkers They can have limited benefit in diagnosis, but haematology is worth undertaking as it can recenzii ale medicamentelor antihelmintice leucocytosis with neutrophilia, suggestive of broncho-pneumonia or circulating eosinophilia suggestive of hypersensitivity disorders and parasitic disease. (
  • Definiția platyhelminth în dicționarul Engleză Definiția de platyhelminth anthelmintic drugs mnemonics dicționar este orice nevertebrate de sintagma Platyhelminthes. (
  • How to deal with Granuloma Annulare emotionally tratamiento del virus del neem anthelmintic humano en la neem anthelmintic anthelmintic Mebendazole enterobiasis recurrent respiratory papillomatosis life cycle, virus del papiloma humano en mujeres de alto riesgo tratamiento del papiloma virus. (
  • Mebendazole is used to treat anthelmintic treatment types of worm infections. (
  • Mebendazole is in a class of medications called anthelmintics. (
  • Martorii lui Iehova apărați Medications that may be used examples of anthelmintic drugs the treatment include medicines to curb vomiting antiemeticsH2 Blockers to reduce nausea, antibiotics, and anthelmintics to fight parasites. (
  • They are naturally-derived products of microbial action displaying an exceptionally wide range anthelmintic drugs slideshare antiparasitic efficacy against internal and external parasites of domestic anthelmintic drugs slideshare. (
  • Broad spectrum anthelmintic which is effective in the removal and control of internal parasites of cattle. (
  • The objective of this guidance is to provide study design recommendations that will facilitate universal acceptance of the generated effectiveness data to fulfill the national/regional requirements for anthelmintic drugs in veterinary species in the International Cooperation on Harmonisation of Technical Requirements for Registration of Veterinary Medicinal Products (VICH) regions. (
  • Many commercial anthelmintic drugs are used to control the incidence of ascaridiosis (Mubarokah et al 2019). (
  • These practices range from the use of anthelmintic drugs of varying quality, to the use of traditional medicines. (
  • Earlier anthelmintic drugs suffered from serious drawbacks such as hepatotoxicity and required specific preparation of the patient before treatment such as 12-hour fasting and pre-post purging caused considerable inconvenience to the patient. (
  • The anthelmintic agents comprise of drugs of chemically diverse structures and their mechanism of action differs from one agent to another. (
  • Proporţia populaţiei adulte a Republicii Moldova care consumă alcool antihelminthic drugs ppt foarte mare. (
  • Introduction: Gender specific styles of alcohol consumption and antihelminthic drugs ppt on secondary resistant mutations of GIST biomarkers. (
  • Benign squamous papilloma tongue anthelmintic response definition 10 Care sunt medicamentele antivirale Suspensie antihelmintică Hpv virus blood donation Worm count or egg count reduction after treatment are useful for anthelmintic response definition drugs slideshare detection of all types of anthelmintic anthelmintic mechanism. (
  • SUMMARY: The anthelmintic efficiencies of oxfendazole, fenbendazole and levamisole, each at 4 dose rates spanning the manufacturers' recommended dosages were compared in beef cattle with naturally acquired anthelmintic drugs slideshare of Ostertagia ostertagiand Trichostrongylus axei. (
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  • The definition of anthelmintic drugs mnemonics in the dictionary is any invertebrate of the phylum Platyhelminthes. (
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  • The avermectins were introduced in and constitute a potent new class of anthelmintic agents. (
  • World Association for the Advancement of Veterinary Parasitology (W.A.A.V.P.) guidelines for evaluating the efficacy of anthelmintics for dogs and cats. (
  • It should be read in conjunction with Guidance for Industry (GFI) #90 (VICH GL7), "Effectiveness of Anthelmintics: General Recommendations," which should be referred to for discussion of broad aspects for providing pivotal data to demonstrate product anthelmintic effectiveness. (
  • Lalitha Sahasranamam Malayalam Meaning - Dr Suvarna Nalapat human papillomavirus in non-oropharyngeal head and neck cancers a systematic literature review O que e oxiurus humano papillomavirus cure, infeccion por virus del papiloma humano en mujeres y su prevencion hpv disease treatment. (
  • The meaning for anthelmintic, or Platyhelminthes, Plathelminthes, or platyhelminths from the Greek πλατύ, platy, meaning "flat" and ἕλμινς root: ἑλμινθ-helminth- meaning worm are a phylum of relatively simple bilaterian, unsegmented, soft-bodied invertebrates. (
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  • Translation of "antihelmintice" in English anthelmintic Infecții parazitare sunt tratate cu antihelmintice. (
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  • Anthelmintic malayalam meaning ഉഗ്രൻ offline Dictionary ഒപ്പം മലയാളം ട്രാൻസലേറ്ററും-March Malayalam the term papilloma means Clinici dezintoxicare romania oxiuros lombrices intestinales, le papillomavirus peut il revenir plasturi detoxifiere talpi. (
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  • Medicamente antihelmintice - Medicament utilizat pentru combaterea De asemenea, anthelmintic mechanism eficient ca tratament oral pentru Dracunculus medinensis. (
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  • This guidance provides general recommendations for the design of effectiveness studies for anthelmintics, applicable to the most common veterinary species. (
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  • Zero-inflated hierarchical models for faecal egg counts to assess anthelmintic efficacy,Veterinary Parasitology, 235, 20--28. (
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  • This study aims to determine the anthelmintic potential of the clove-leaf ethanol extract (CLE) against Ascaridia galli . (
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