A neurosurgical procedure that removes the anterior TEMPORAL LOBE including the medial temporal structures of CEREBRAL CORTEX; AMYGDALA; HIPPOCAMPUS; and the adjacent PARAHIPPOCAMPAL GYRUS. This procedure is generally used for the treatment of intractable temporal epilepsy (EPILEPSY, TEMPORAL LOBE).
Treatment of chronic, severe and intractable psychiatric disorders by surgical removal or interruption of certain areas or pathways in the brain, especially in the prefrontal lobes.
A localization-related (focal) form of epilepsy characterized by recurrent seizures that arise from foci within the temporal lobe, most commonly from its mesial aspect. A wide variety of psychic phenomena may be associated, including illusions, hallucinations, dyscognitive states, and affective experiences. The majority of complex partial seizures (see EPILEPSY, COMPLEX PARTIAL) originate from the temporal lobes. Temporal lobe seizures may be classified by etiology as cryptogenic, familial, or symptomatic (i.e., related to an identified disease process or lesion). (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p321)
Lower lateral part of the cerebral hemisphere responsible for auditory, olfactory, and semantic processing. It is located inferior to the lateral fissure and anterior to the OCCIPITAL LOBE.
A barbiturate with hypnotic and sedative properties (but not antianxiety). Adverse effects are mainly a consequence of dose-related CNS depression and the risk of dependence with continued use is high. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p565)
A neurobehavioral syndrome associated with bilateral medial temporal lobe dysfunction. Clinical manifestations include oral exploratory behavior; tactile exploratory behavior; hypersexuality; BULIMIA; MEMORY DISORDERS; placidity; and an inability to recognize objects or faces. This disorder may result from a variety of conditions, including CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA; infections; ALZHEIMER DISEASE; PICK DISEASE OF THE BRAIN; and CEREBROVASCULAR DISORDERS.
A pathological process consisting of hardening or fibrosis of an anatomical structure, often a vessel or a nerve.
Recording of electric currents developed in the brain by means of electrodes applied to the scalp, to the surface of the brain, or placed within the substance of the brain.
Behavioral manifestations of cerebral dominance in which there is preferential use and superior functioning of either the left or the right side, as in the preferred use of the right hand or right foot.
Clinical or subclinical disturbances of cortical function due to a sudden, abnormal, excessive, and disorganized discharge of brain cells. Clinical manifestations include abnormal motor, sensory and psychic phenomena. Recurrent seizures are usually referred to as EPILEPSY or "seizure disorder."
Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.
The excision of lung tissue including partial or total lung lobectomy.
Cognitive disorders including delirium, dementia, and other cognitive disorders. These may be the result of substance use, trauma, or other causes.
Tests designed to assess neurological function associated with certain behaviors. They are used in diagnosing brain dysfunction or damage and central nervous system disorders or injury.
A disorder characterized by recurrent partial seizures marked by impairment of cognition. During the seizure the individual may experience a wide variety of psychic phenomenon including formed hallucinations, illusions, deja vu, intense emotional feelings, confusion, and spatial disorientation. Focal motor activity, sensory alterations and AUTOMATISM may also occur. Complex partial seizures often originate from foci in one or both temporal lobes. The etiology may be idiopathic (cryptogenic partial complex epilepsy) or occur as a secondary manifestation of a focal cortical lesion (symptomatic partial complex epilepsy). (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp317-8)
Dominance of one cerebral hemisphere over the other in cerebral functions.
A condition characterized by long-standing brain dysfunction or damage, usually of three months duration or longer. Potential etiologies include BRAIN INFARCTION; certain NEURODEGENERATIVE DISORDERS; CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA; ANOXIA, BRAIN; ENCEPHALITIS; certain NEUROTOXICITY SYNDROMES; metabolic disorders (see BRAIN DISEASES, METABOLIC); and other conditions.
Endoscopic surgery of the pleural cavity performed with visualization via video transmission.
A disorder characterized by recurrent episodes of paroxysmal brain dysfunction due to a sudden, disorderly, and excessive neuronal discharge. Epilepsy classification systems are generally based upon: (1) clinical features of the seizure episodes (e.g., motor seizure), (2) etiology (e.g., post-traumatic), (3) anatomic site of seizure origin (e.g., frontal lobe seizure), (4) tendency to spread to other structures in the brain, and (5) temporal patterns (e.g., nocturnal epilepsy). (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p313)
Surgery performed on the nervous system or its parts.
Almond-shaped group of basal nuclei anterior to the INFERIOR HORN OF THE LATERAL VENTRICLE of the TEMPORAL LOBE. The amygdala is part of the limbic system.
The ability to learn and to deal with new situations and to deal effectively with tasks involving abstractions.
Pathologic processes that affect patients after a surgical procedure. They may or may not be related to the disease for which the surgery was done, and they may or may not be direct results of the surgery.
The period following a surgical operation.
Seizures that occur during a febrile episode. It is a common condition, affecting 2-5% of children aged 3 months to five years. An autosomal dominant pattern of inheritance has been identified in some families. The majority are simple febrile seizures (generally defined as generalized onset, single seizures with a duration of less than 30 minutes). Complex febrile seizures are characterized by focal onset, duration greater than 30 minutes, and/or more than one seizure in a 24 hour period. The likelihood of developing epilepsy (i.e., a nonfebrile seizure disorder) following simple febrile seizures is low. Complex febrile seizures are associated with a moderately increased incidence of epilepsy. (From Menkes, Textbook of Child Neurology, 5th ed, p784)
A curved elevation of GRAY MATTER extending the entire length of the floor of the TEMPORAL HORN of the LATERAL VENTRICLE (see also TEMPORAL LOBE). The hippocampus proper, subiculum, and DENTATE GYRUS constitute the hippocampal formation. Sometimes authors include the ENTORHINAL CORTEX in the hippocampal formation.
Complete severing of the CORPUS CALLOSUM. In humans it is usually performed to treat medically intractable, multifocal EPILEPSY. EXPERIMENTAL ANIMAL MODELS of split brain preparations are used in research.
Broad plate of dense myelinated fibers that reciprocally interconnect regions of the cortex in all lobes with corresponding regions of the opposite hemisphere. The corpus callosum is located deep in the longitudinal fissure.
A variant of epilepsy characterized by continuous focal jerking of a body part over a period of hours, days, or even years without spreading to other body regions. Contractions may be aggravated by movement and are reduced, but not abolished during sleep. ELECTROENCEPHALOGRAPHY demonstrates epileptiform (spike and wave) discharges over the hemisphere opposite to the affected limb in most instances. The repetitive movements may originate from the CEREBRAL CORTEX or from subcortical structures (e.g., BRAIN STEM; BASAL GANGLIA). This condition is associated with Russian Spring and Summer encephalitis (see ENCEPHALITIS, TICK BORNE); Rasmussen syndrome (see ENCEPHALITIS); MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS; DIABETES MELLITUS; BRAIN NEOPLASMS; and CEREBROVASCULAR DISORDERS. (From Brain, 1996 April;119(pt2):393-407; Epilepsia 1993;34;Suppl 1:S29-S36; and Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p319)
Arthritis of children, with onset before 16 years of age. The terms juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA) and juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) refer to classification systems for chronic arthritis in children. Only one subtype of juvenile arthritis (polyarticular-onset, rheumatoid factor-positive) clinically resembles adult rheumatoid arthritis and is considered its childhood equivalent.
A plant genus of the family ORCHIDACEAE that is the source of the familiar flavoring used in foods and medicines (FLAVORING AGENTS).
A plant genus of the family Paeoniaceae, order Dilleniales, subclass Dilleniidae, class Magnoliopsida. These perennial herbs are up to 2 m (6') tall. Leaves are alternate and are divided into three lobes, each lobe being further divided into three smaller lobes. The large flowers are symmetrical, bisexual, have 5 sepals, 5 petals (sometimes 10), and many stamens.
Drugs used to prevent SEIZURES or reduce their severity.
A branch of the facial (7th cranial) nerve which passes through the middle ear and continues through the petrotympanic fissure. The chorda tympani nerve carries taste sensation from the anterior two-thirds of the tongue and conveys parasympathetic efferents to the salivary glands.
Primary and metastatic (secondary) tumors of the brain located above the tentorium cerebelli, a fold of dura mater separating the CEREBELLUM and BRAIN STEM from the cerebral hemispheres and DIENCEPHALON (i.e., THALAMUS and HYPOTHALAMUS and related structures). In adults, primary neoplasms tend to arise in the supratentorial compartment, whereas in children they occur more frequently in the infratentorial space. Clinical manifestations vary with the location of the lesion, but SEIZURES; APHASIA; HEMIANOPSIA; hemiparesis; and sensory deficits are relatively common features. Metastatic supratentorial neoplasms are frequently multiple at the time of presentation.
A performance measure for rating the ability of a person to perform usual activities, evaluating a patient's progress after a therapeutic procedure, and determining a patient's suitability for therapy. It is used most commonly in the prognosis of cancer therapy, usually after chemotherapy and customarily administered before and after therapy. It was named for Dr. David A. Karnofsky, an American specialist in cancer chemotherapy.
A malignant form of astrocytoma histologically characterized by pleomorphism of cells, nuclear atypia, microhemorrhage, and necrosis. They may arise in any region of the central nervous system, with a predilection for the cerebral hemispheres, basal ganglia, and commissural pathways. Clinical presentation most frequently occurs in the fifth or sixth decade of life with focal neurologic signs or seizures.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
Period after successful treatment in which there is no appearance of the symptoms or effects of the disease.
Physiological disturbances in normal sexual performance in either the male or the female.
Disturbances in sexual desire and the psychophysiologic changes that characterize the sexual response cycle and cause marked distress and interpersonal difficulty. (APA, DSM-IV, 1994)
The psychic drive or energy associated with sexual instinct in the broad sense (pleasure and love-object seeking). It may also connote the psychic energy associated with instincts in general that motivate behavior.
The inability in the male to have a PENILE ERECTION due to psychological or organ dysfunction.
The climax of sexual excitement in either humans or animals.
The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.
The sexual functions, activities, attitudes, and orientations of an individual. Sexuality, male or female, becomes evident at PUBERTY under the influence of gonadal steroids (TESTOSTERONE or ESTRADIOL), and social effects.
An adjunctive treatment for PARTIAL EPILEPSY and refractory DEPRESSION that delivers electrical impulses to the brain via the VAGUS NERVE. A battery implanted under the skin supplies the energy.
Conditions characterized by recurrent paroxysmal neuronal discharges which arise from a focal region of the brain. Partial seizures are divided into simple and complex, depending on whether consciousness is unaltered (simple partial seizure) or disturbed (complex partial seizure). Both types may feature a wide variety of motor, sensory, and autonomic symptoms. Partial seizures may be classified by associated clinical features or anatomic location of the seizure focus. A secondary generalized seizure refers to a partial seizure that spreads to involve the brain diffusely. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp317)
Application of electric current in treatment without the generation of perceptible heat. It includes electric stimulation of nerves or muscles, passage of current into the body, or use of interrupted current of low intensity to raise the threshold of the skin to pain.
Recurrent conditions characterized by epileptic seizures which arise diffusely and simultaneously from both hemispheres of the brain. Classification is generally based upon motor manifestations of the seizure (e.g., convulsive, nonconvulsive, akinetic, atonic, etc.) or etiology (e.g., idiopathic, cryptogenic, and symptomatic). (From Mayo Clin Proc, 1996 Apr;71(4):405-14)
A surgical specialty concerned with the treatment of diseases and disorders of the brain, spinal cord, and peripheral and sympathetic nervous system.
Imaging techniques used to colocalize sites of brain functions or physiological activity with brain structures.
A technique of inputting two-dimensional images into a computer and then enhancing or analyzing the imagery into a form that is more useful to the human observer.

Detection of visual field defects in patients after anterior temporal lobectomy for mesial temporal sclerosis-establishing eligibility to drive. (1/100)

AIMS: The aim of this study is to quantify visual field defects after temporal lobectomy for mesial temporal sclerosis and to establish eligibility for driving. METHODS: Automated static perimetry was performed on 14 patients who had undergone anterior temporal lobectomy for mesial temporal sclerosis. Perimetry consisted of monocular Humphrey Field Analyser (HFA) 30-2 test and a binocular Esterman 120 test. RESULTS: Of the 14 patients, three had no loss or non-specific loss, eight had partial homonymous quadrantanopia, one had complete homonymous quadrantanopia and two had concentric loss attributable to vigabatrin, which may have masked any loss occurring due to surgery. Of these, only seven passed the standardised DVLA visual fields. Of the seven who failed DVLA visual field, one had complete quadrantanopia, four had partial quadrantanopia and two had concentric loss (due to vigabatrin). CONCLUSIONS: Visual field defects contribute a great deal in the reduction of the quality of life in patients who have had surgery for mesial temporal sclerosis. Potential surgically induced visual field defects that could preclude driving need to be discussed with each patient preoperatively. In our study 50% of patients did not meet the required DVLA standards.  (+info)

Emotional facial paresis in temporal lobe epilepsy: its prevalence and lateralizing value. (2/100)

The selection of patients with medically refractory temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) for surgery depends on the concordance of data from clinical, imaging and electroencephalographic evaluation. Though clinical examination is often normal, emotional facial paresis has been described in patients with TLE. Utilizing a well-characterized group of mesial TLE (MTLE) patients, who have achieved excellent seizure outcome following anterior temporal lobectomy with amygdalohippocampectomy (ATL), we investigated the prevalence, predictive value and associations of emotional facial paresis. When compared to 8 out of 50 control subjects (16%), 36 out of 50 MTLE patients (72%) exhibited unilateral emotional facial paresis; the difference was highly significant (P<0.0001). The presence of contralateral emotional facial paresis correctly predicted the side of ATL in 86.1% patients. The occurrence of emotional facial paresis was significantly associated with longer duration of epilepsy prior to ATL and left ATL. Our observations confirm that emotional facial parersis contralateral to the side of mesial temporal sclerosis (MTS) is a valuable localizing sign in correctly predicting the epileptogenic temporal lobe. We hypothesize that the presence of an intact right hemisphere and pathological changes more extensive than MTS may be required for emotional facial paresis to readily manifest.  (+info)

Unexpected amnesia: are there lessons to be learned from cases of amnesia following unilateral temporal lobe surgery? (3/100)

Cases of amnesia following unilateral temporal lobe surgery are rare, but they may provide important insights into human brain functioning. Such cases are reconsidered here in the light of recent developments in clinical and cognitive neuroscience. Descriptions of preoperative seizure activity in these cases indicate the potentially valuable role of ictal semiology in localizing the source of epileptiform discharges. Cases of amnesia after unilateral temporal lobectomy illustrate the complexity of intra- and inter-hemispheric propagation of epileptiform discharges and highlight possible neurophysiological mechanisms underlying false localization of abnormal EEG activity. This review points to the value of preoperative neuropsychological assessment in providing information on the likely primary locus of pathology and in predicting outcome after surgery. The analysis of cases upholds the benefits of the Wada procedure, but it highlights the variability in Wada test procedures and the fact that Wada test scores themselves may be open to varying interpretation. These cases of postoperative amnesia are further considered in the context of the cognitive neuroscience of human memory and, in particular, mechanisms underlying the human amnesic syndrome. They confirm the critical role of bilateral medial temporal lobe structures in anterograde memory, but they also highlight the complexity in teasing apart neural mechanisms underlying remote memory loss.  (+info)

A specific role for the human amygdala in olfactory memory. (4/100)

The medial temporal lobe is known to play a role in the processing of olfaction and memory. The specific contribution of the human amygdala to memory for odors has not been addressed, however. The role of this region in memory for odors was assessed in patients with unilateral amygdala damage due to temporal lobectomy (n = 20; 11 left, 9 right), one patient with selective bilateral amygdala damage, and in 20 age-matched normal controls. Fifteen odors were presented, followed 1 h later by an odor-name matching test and an odor-odor recognition test. Signal detection analyses showed that both unilateral groups were impaired in their memory for matching odors with names, these patients were not significantly impaired on odor-odor recognition. Bilateral amygdala damage resulted in severe impairment in both odor-name matching as well as in odor-odor recognition memory. Importantly, none of the patients were impaired on an auditory verbal learning task, suggesting that these findings reflect a specific impairment in olfactory memory, and not merely a more general memory deficit. Taken together, the data provide neuropsychological evidence that the human amygdala is essential for olfactory memory.  (+info)

Emotional memory and perception in temporal lobectomy patients with amygdala damage. (5/100)

BACKGROUND: The human amygdala is implicated in the formation of emotional memories and the perception of emotional stimuli--particularly fear--across various modalities. OBJECTIVES: To discern the extent to which these functions are related. METHODS: 28 patients who had anterior temporal lobectomy (13 left and 15 right) for intractable epilepsy were recruited. Structural magnetic resonance imaging showed that three of them had atrophy of their remaining amygdala. All participants were given tests of affect perception from facial and vocal expressions and of emotional memory, using a standard narrative test and a novel test of word recognition. The results were standardised against matched healthy controls. RESULTS: Performance on all emotion tasks in patients with unilateral lobectomy ranged from unimpaired to moderately impaired. Perception of emotions in faces and voices was (with exceptions) significantly positively correlated, indicating multimodal emotional processing. However, there was no correlation between the subjects' performance on tests of emotional memory and perception. Several subjects showed strong emotional memory enhancement but poor fear perception. Patients with bilateral amygdala damage had greater impairment, particularly on the narrative test of emotional memory, one showing superior fear recognition but absent memory enhancement. CONCLUSIONS: Bilateral amygdala damage is particularly disruptive of emotional memory processes in comparison with unilateral temporal lobectomy. On a cognitive level, the pattern of results implies that perception of emotional expressions and emotional memory are supported by separate processing systems or streams.  (+info)

Schizophrenia-like psychosis arising de novo following a temporal lobectomy: timing and risk factors. (6/100)

OBJECTIVES: To clarify risk factors for the development of schizophrenia-like psychotic disorders following temporal lobectomy, and to explore the possibility that the early postoperative period is a time of high risk for the onset of such chronic psychotic disorders. METHODS: Patients who developed schizophrenia-like psychosis were identified from a series of 320 patients who had a temporal lobectomy for medically intractable epilepsy. The relationship of their disorders to both the operation and subsequent seizure activity was examined. Using a retrospective case-control design, risk factors for the development of schizophrenia-like psychosis were established. RESULTS: Eleven patients who developed schizophrenia-like psychosis postoperatively were identified and compared with 33 control subjects who remained free of psychosis postoperatively. The onset of de novo psychotic symptoms was typically in the first year following the operation. No clear relationship between postoperative seizure activity and fluctuations in psychotic symptoms emerged. Compared with the controls, patients who become psychotic had more preoperative bilateral electroencephalogram (EEG) abnormalities, pathologies other than mesial temporal sclerosis in the excised lobe and a smaller amygdala on the unoperated side. CONCLUSIONS: Temporal lobectomy for medically intractable epilepsy may precipitate a schizophrenia-like psychosis. Patients with bilateral functional and structural abnormalities, particularly of the amygdala, may be at particular risk for the development of such psychoses.  (+info)

Temporal lobectomy: long-term seizure outcome, late recurrence and risks for seizure recurrence. (7/100)

There is little information available relevant to long-term seizure outcome after anterior temporal lobectomy, particularly at extended postoperative periods. The aim of this study was an in-depth examination of patterns of longitudinal outcome and potential risk factors for seizure recurrence after lobectomy, utilizing a large patient sample with long follow-up. Included were 325 patients who underwent anterior temporal lobectomy between 1978 and 1998 (mean follow-up 9.6 +/- 4.2 years). Retrospective data were analysed using survival analysis and multivariate regression with Cox proportional hazard models. The probability of complete seizure freedom at 2 years post-surgery was 55.3% [95% confidence interval (CI) 50-61]; at 5 years, 47.7% (95% CI 42-53); and at 10 postoperative years it was 41% (95% CI 36-48). Patients with discrete abnormalities preoperatively (i.e. lesions and hippocampal sclerosis) had a significantly higher probability of seizure freedom than patients without obvious abnormality. The latter group had a pattern of recurrence similar to that in patients with lesions outside the area of excision. After adjustment for preoperative pathology, only the presence of preoperative secondarily generalized seizures had a significant association with recurrence [occasional preoperative generalized seizures, hazard ratio (HR) 1.6, 95% CI 1.1-2.3; frequent seizures, HR 2.0, 95% CI 1.4-2.9 compared with absence of preoperative generalized seizures]. Duration of preoperative epilepsy, age of seizure onset and age at surgery did not have an effect on outcome. Patients with two seizure-free postoperative years had a 74% (95% CI 66-81) probability of seizure freedom by 10 postoperative years. This late seizure recurrence was not associated with any identified risk factors. Specifically, patients with hippocampal sclerosis were not at higher risk. Surprisingly, complete discontinuation of anti-epileptic drugs (AEDs) after two postoperative years was not associated with an increased risk of recurrence (HR 1.03, 95% CI 0.5-2.1). This may be because selection of patients for AED discontinuation is biased towards those individuals perceived as 'low risk'. The results of this study indicate that the lack of an obvious abnormality or the presence of diffuse pathology, and preoperative secondarily generalized seizures are risk factors for recurrence after surgery. Late recurrence after initial seizure freedom is not a rare event; risk factors specific to this phenomenon are as yet unidentified.  (+info)

Cerebellar hemorrhage as a complication of temporal lobectomy for refractory medial temporal epilepsy: report of three cases. (8/100)

Cerebellar hemorrhage is listed among the potential complications following neurosurgical procedures. In this scenario it is usually reported as a rare condition. However, it seems that epilepsy surgery patients are somewhat more prone to this kind of complication, compared to other surgical groups. Head positioning, excessive cerebral spinal fluid draining and the excision of non-expanding encephalic tissue (or combinations among the three) are likely to be cause underlying remote cerebellar hemorrhage. Out of the 118 ATL/AH performed at our institution, between 1996 and 2002, we identified 3 (2.5%) patients presenting with cerebellar hemorrhage. We report on such cases and review the literature on the topic.  (+info)

(2010) Liang et al. Seizure. Aims: To investigate the surgical outcomes of anterior corpus callosotomy (aCCT) combined with anterior temporal lobectomy (ATL) in patients with intractable temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) and mental retardation (MR). Methods: Sixty patients with TLE and MR were careful...
White matter connexions can be delineated and quantified in vivo using diffusion MRI and tractography.1 ,2 Asymmetry of white matter tracks is well-described, with larger left than right corticospinal tracts in group analyses.3. The literature on arcuate fasciculus asymmetry is mixed. In individual subjects, some studies have shown a correlation between the volume of the arcuate fasciculus tract and language lateralisation, determined by the WADA test4 and by functional MRI (fMRI)I,5 while others have not found a consistent association.6 Recent work suggests the fasciculus may in fact be composed of two parallel tracts, with independent associations to language dominance.3 ,7. Meyers loop is the anterior bundle of the optic radiation, a white matter tract that makes up part of the visual pathway. Meyers loop runs from the lateral geniculate nucleus of the thalamus, passes anteroinferiorly over the temporal horn of the lateral ventricle and then sharply turns posteriorly to join the central and ...
Temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) is the most common form of epilepsy in adults and is responsible for 15%-20% of epilepsy cases in children. Class I evidence strongly supports the use of temporal lobectomy for intractable TLE in adults, but fewer studies have examined seizure outcomes and predictors of seizure freedom after temporal lobectomy in pediatric patients. The authors performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies including 10 or more pediatric patients (age ≤ 19 years) published over the last 20 years examining seizure outcomes after temporal lobectomy for TLE. Thirty-six studies met their inclusion criteria. These 36 studies included 1318 pediatric patients with a mean age (± SEM) of 10.7 ± 0.3 years. Overall, seizure freedom (Engel Class I outcome) was achieved in 1002 cases (76%); 316 patients (24%) continued to have seizures (Engel Class II-IV outcome). All patients had at least 1 year of follow-up. Statistically significant predictors of seizure freedom after surgery ...
Data were collected for all children undergoing temporal resections at four epilepsy centers over approximately 10 years. Children with a histopathological diagnosis of neoplasm were excluded.. Forty-nine patients (28 boys and 21 girls) were included in the study. Their mean age at surgery was 9.1 years (range 1.25-13.9 years). The mean age at seizure onset was 3.2 years (range birth-10 years). Histopathological examination demonstrated MTS in 26 cases, gliosis in nine, dysplasia in five, gliosis with dysplasia in four, and nonspecific or normal findings in five. Forty-one anterior temporal lobectomies (nine tailored) and eight selective amygdalohippocampectomies were performed (28 left side, 21 right side). Twenty-nine children (59.2%) underwent invasive monitoring. Operative complications included extraaxial hematomas (two cases), cerebrospinal fluid leaks (two cases), and hydrocephalus (one case), each in children undergoing invasive monitoring. The mean duration of follow up was 26.4 months ...
We describe an epileptic syndrome of bilaterally coordinated limb movements, axial movements, vocalization, and nonmasticatory oral activity. EEG and physiologic evidence indicates the syndrome is caused by ictal discharge in the mesial frontal lobes. Two of 12 patients were not helped by anterior temporal lobectomy, and 3 others improved after section of the anterior two-thirds of the corpus callosum.. ...
Part of the optic radiation which sweeps back on itself into the temporal lobe, just lateral to the temporal horn of the lateral ventricle. It can be injured in temporal lobectomy, resulting in a superolateral field cut, the so called pie-in-the-sky field cut. (radiopaedia.org). ...
refractoriness to treatments psychiatric comorbidity dual pathology and severe biopsychosocial damage tenders Tender Notices RFP Rfq compiled daily from all published Newspapers online web portals other sources of tender issuing authorities world wide
The purpose of this study is to determine whether one dose of denosumab can lead to changes in the tumor, which may decrease the ability of tumor to spread.
In previous communications1 we pointed out that the chief symptoms following bilateral temporal lobectomy in the rhesus monkey consist in
Mrs. Meyers Clean Day Glass Hand Soap Bottle is a refillable bottle with nickel-brushed pump, ready to be filled with your favorite liquid hand soap.
This trial studies how well the use of a pre-surgical toolkit (OPTI-Surg) works in improving surgical care and outcomes in older participants with cancer. In many elderly patients, surgery can greatly affect physical condition and the ability to return to pre-surgery levels of physical functioning. Providing pre-surgical recommendations may help improve participants recovery
Ive talked a bit in the past about good concept inventory questions - questions that address difficult conceptual questions but have black and white answers and dont require any special vocabulary to answer. Dan Meyers Linear Modeling exercise [PDF] is a good example. The first question has a specific answer, and answering it requires the right…
George Atallah of the NFLPA drops by to explain why the union is investigating Urban Meyers comments on vaccination status affecting the Jaguars ros
Emerson Hospitals pre-surgical assessment ensures youre as fit as possible for surgery and anesthesia, and that our care is tailored to your unique needs.
Get instant recovery with our professional therapy service Pre-Surgical Rehab at St. Lukes & East TN Rehab Center. Visit our extensive range of services here. Call us today.
Our hardworking dish soap sends grease packing in a jiff. And with plant-derived and other thoughtfully chosen ingredients, its biodegradable, too.
While my chapter in Signature of Controversy responding to Stephen Mathesons review of Signature in the Cell deals with a variety of issues, I
ENGEL GIERGIEL MECHANIKA PDF - Engel Z, Giergiel J. Dynamika . In: Mechanika techniczna . Kraków: Wydawnictwa AGH. , Dynamika lotu, Część I Aerodynamika,. Część II Mechanika lotu.
Engel & Völkers Platja dAro in Platja d´aro. The real estate agency Engel & Völkers Platja dAro at Avenida de S´Agaró, 90 en now has 49 properties in this area.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Visual field defects after selective amygdalohippocampectomy and standard temporal lobectomy. AU - Mengesha, T.. AU - Abu-Ata, M.. AU - Haas, K. F.. AU - Lavin, P. J.. AU - Sun, D. A.. AU - Konrad, P. E.. AU - Pearson, M.. AU - Wang, L.. AU - Song, Y.. AU - Abou-Khalil, B. W.. PY - 2009/9/1. Y1 - 2009/9/1. N2 - Background:: Selective amygdalohippocampectomy (SelAH) is increasingly performed in patients with mesial temporal lobe epilepsy and hippocampal sclerosis. To determine whether visual field defects are less pronounced after SelAH than after standard temporal lobectomy (StTL), we retrospectively analyzed postoperative quantitative visual fields after the 2 procedures. METHODS:: Humphrey visual field analysis was obtained postoperatively in 18 patients who had undergone SelAH and in 33 patients who had undergone StTL. The SelAH was performed via a transcortical approach through the middle temporal gyrus and included the amygdala, 3 cm of the hippocampus, and the ...
Methods: We studied 23 medically refractory TLE patients who underwent anterior temporal lobectomy and who had preoperative FDG-PET scanning. All patients had pre- and postoperative psychiatric assessment. By using statistical parametric mapping (SPM-99), patterns of hypometabolism were compared between patients who had a preoperative history of depression (n = 9) versus those who did not (n = 14) and between those in whom postoperative depression developed (n = 13) versus those in whom it did not (n = 10). A significant region of hypometabolism was set at p , 0.001 for a cluster of ≥20 contiguous voxels ...
Unilateral hippocampal atrophy with or without temporal cortical atrophy on qualitative MR imaging, other unitemporal structural lesions on qualitative MR imaging, and a hippocampal volume reduction of at least 1 SD from the mean of controls on the side of seizure onset predicted Engel I-II outcome in a logistic regression analyses. Qualitative MR imaging reveals lateralising abnormalities in 74%, and hippocampal atrophy in 52-63% of patients undergoing epilepsy surgery for temporal lobe epilepsy.13,39,44 Volumetric MR imaging studies have shown that up to 88% of patients with drug resistant temporal lobe epilepsy have hippocampal damage on quantitative MR imaging.45 Both ipsilateral hippocampal damage and ipsilateral foreign tissue lesions on MR imaging are important predictors of successful postoperative outcome in patients undergoing surgery for drug refractory temporal lobe epilepsy.13,14,15 In various different studies, 62-96% of patients with hippocampal damage on MR imaging became ...
This study illustrates the outcome and cost-effectiveness of anterior temporal lobectomy (ATL) among patients with medically refractory temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) treated in an epilepsy center in Kerala, South India. Patients for ATL were selected on the basis of a noninvasive protocol comprising clinical, interictal scalp electroencephalogram (EEG), magnetic resonance imaging, and ictal video-EEG data. The authors compared the outcome and direct cost of 119 patients (mean age, 25.6 years; mean duration of epilepsy before ATL, 16.1 years) who have completed at least 1 year follow-up after ATL with 71 refractory TLE patients (mean age, 27.1 years; mean duration of epilepsy, 15.4 years) who did not undergo ATL. Patients in the study who underwent ATL had a 70% likelihood of becoming seizure-free after ATL and a 30% chance of being completely off of antiepileptic drug treatment within 3 years after ATL. The out-of-pocket one-time payment for ATL (including presurgical evaluation) in this setup is ...
Minoo Shams-Moorkani, MD, is an epileptologist who provides care in the Neurology Clinic at M Health Fairview Clinics and Surgery Center - Maple Grove and M Health Fairview Park Place East MINCEP Epilepsy Care. Dr. Shams-Moorkani is capable of a variety of treatments, including anterior temporal lobectomy, continuous video electroencephalogram, lesionectomy and vagus nerve stimulation. She is also an Assistant Professor with the Department of Neurology for the University of Minnesota. ...
see also amygdalohippocampectomy. A certain number of patients suffer significant decline in verbal memory after hippocampectomy. To prevent this disabling complication, a reliable test for predicting postoperative memory decline is greatly desired. Therefore, Tani et al., assessed the value of electrical stimulation of the parahippocampal gyrus (PHG) as a provocation test of verbal memory decline after hippocampectomy on the dominant side. Eleven right-handed, Japanese-speaking patients with medically intractable left temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) participated in the study. Before surgery, they underwent provocative testing via electrical stimulation of the left PHG during a verbal encoding task. Their pre- and posthippocampectomy memory function was evaluated according to the Wechsler Memory Scale-Revised (WMS-R) and/or Mini mental state examination (MMSE) before and 6 months after surgery. The relationship between postsurgical memory decline and results of the provocative test was evaluated. ...
As a prognostic tool, fMRI may also be considered for predicting language deficits or nonverbal memory outcomes that may occur after a patient undergoes temporal lobe resection (both recommendations based on Level C evidence).. However, the test should be considered for predicting verbal memory outcomes in patients undergoing left medial lobe surgery (Level B).. We now know there is evidence that supports the use of fMRI for presurgical evaluation, lead author Jerzy P. Szaflarski, MD, PhD, professor of neurology at the University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB) and director of the UAB Epilepsy Center, told Medscape Medical News.. People were already using it for this purpose. So we wanted to put this information in a form that allows clinicians to look at the evidence and decide what is best for the individual patient, added Dr Szaflarski.. Keep Reading at Medscape. ...
The application of non-invasive imaging methodologies in the study of epilepsy is quite used, but often these techniques are separately considered. Indeed, because of the different nature of the investigation methods, their combination is difficult although would allow to obtain a more specific diagnosis of the epileptic patient. The chance to investigate the pathophysiology of different mechanisms involved in epilepsy and to find different therapeutic approaches is allowed by the used of new multimodal examinations. Different techniques such as electroencephalography-functional magnetic resonance imaging (EEG-fMRI) coregistration, high density EEG (hdEEG), Arterial Spin Labeling (ASL), Positron Emission Tomography (PET) can be combined to non-invasively map abnormal brain activation elicited by epileptic processes. EEG-fMRI can provide information on the pathophysiological processes underlying interictal activity, since the hemodynamic changes are a consequence of the abnormal
Although psychologists and neurologists have been familiar with the case of H.M. for years, this small volume makes his story-and what it can teach us about the functioning of memory-accessible to a much wider audience. Hilts has done a good job of piecing together H.M.s early life, in the absence of any living relatives and all but a few written records. He recreates the life of a very normal youth in the 1930s and 1940s; normal, that is, until H.M.s first epileptic seizure. In 1954, after several other treatments for the epilepsy had failed, H.M. (at age 27) had a bilateral medial temporal lobectomy, in the hope that it would alleviate his seizures. A neurosurgeon removed large sections of both temporal lobes, as well as much of the limbic system, including the amygdala and hippocampus. Since the surgery, H.M.-who was still alive when the book was written-suffers from a pervasive anterograde amnesia. In particular, H.M. has contributed greatly to our understanding of the neuroanatomy of memory and
A temporal lobectomy led to profound memory impairment in a man who became the subject of neuroscientists for the rest of his life-and beyond.. 0 Comments. ...
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Coastal Neuropsychological Services was founded in Wilmington, NC in 1998 by Dr. Christy Jones. We provide clinical neuropsychology, psychological evaluations, forensic neuropsychology, and treatment, as well as pre-surgical evaluations and the diagnosis and treatment of many other psychological conditions. We offer the highest level of patient care in a warm, welcoming environment.
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September 29th, 2011 at 2:16 am. Hmm, Luskin wrote a big reply and then closed comments, which sadly I noticed only after composing a reply. Ill post it here.. Casey - very briefly as I am in London and will not spend too much time on this -. 1. One of the points of Meyers book was that his argument was different than Behes and Dembskis, and added something to them. He says this several times, that hes not just rehashing their arguments. But, when you are defending the book, you retreat to IC-like arguments. So what was the point of the book and all of the subsequent rhetoric? We might as well have just ignored Meyers book and should have just kept arguing about whether the IC argument works, since the information argument cant stand on its own without IC supporting it. As it stands, while playing defense youve walked Meyers argument all the way back to evolution cant produce new protein folds, which is dramatically less bold than claiming that evolution cant produce new genes and ...
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Going in for surgery Friday for lobectomy on right lung. Diagnosed with mass on right lung in addition to another primary cancer in my left lung (which will be dealt with after my surgery on the...
Care guide for Lung Lobectomy (Precare). Includes: possible causes, signs and symptoms, standard treatment options and means of care and support.
Meh. I know its natural. I know its supposed to be good but it doesnt beat dawn or Palmolive. Its expensive and you have to use quite a bit. Not going to re...
The liver is made up of six lobes. Often if a tumor has developed, the removal of the entire lobe where it is located is the safest course of action to prevent the spread of cancer. - Wag! (formerly Vetary)
TY - JOUR AU - Ristic, Aleksandar J. AU - Sokic, Dragoslav AU - Baščarević, Vladimir AU - Spasić, Snežana AU - Vojvodic, Nikola AU - Savić, Slobodan AU - Raičević, Savo AU - Kovacevic, Masa AU - Savic, Danijela AU - Spasojević, Ivan PY - 2014 UR - http://cer.ihtm.bg.ac.rs/handle/123456789/1583 AB - An altered metal and electrolyte profile has been implicated in the pathologic mechanisms of chronic epilepsy; however, no study has comprehensively measured hippocampal concentrations of these elements in patients with mesial temporal lobe epilepsy and hippocampal sclerosis (mTLE-HS). We therefore analyzed hippocampi of 24 patients with drug-resistant mTLE-HS (mean age 35.69.4years) who underwent anterior temporal lobe resection and amygdalohippocampectomy and 17 hippocampi obtained by autopsy from 13 controls (mean age 40.5 +/- 12.9years), using inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES). Epileptic hippocampi showed significantly lower concentrations (g/g of tissue) ...
Funded by the NIH National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences through its Clinical and Translational Science Awards Program, grant number UL1TR002541 ...
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review summarizes recent evidence on the seizure, safety, cognitive and psychosocial outcomes of epilepsy surgery and their predictors. RECENT FINDINGS: Risks of serious surgical complications have dramatically decreased over years to drop below 1% for temporal lobe resections. Although chances of postoperative seizure freedom largely vary between recent series, some data suggest that long-term seizure control might be achieved in over 80% of patients with mesial temporal lobe epilepsy or neocortical epilepsy associated with type 2 focal cortical dysplasia, and in up to two-thirds of patients with extratemporal lobe epilepsy. In the same conditions, some recent series challenge the classic view that a normal MRI is associated with worse outcome, an important finding given the greater proportion of MRI-negative patients now considered for epilepsy surgery. SUMMARY: These provocative findings appear to partly reflect the advances in the optimal use or postprocessi
TY - JOUR. T1 - Predictive role of dynamic contrast enhanced T1-weighted MR sequences in pre-surgical evaluation of macroadenomas consistency. AU - Romano, Andrea. AU - Coppola, Valeria. AU - Lombardi, Mariangela. AU - Lavorato, Luigi. AU - Di Stefano, D.. AU - Caroli, Emanuela. AU - Rossi Espagnet, Maria Camilla. AU - Tavanti, F.. AU - Minniti, Giuseppe. AU - Trillò, Giuseppe. AU - Bozzao, Alessandro. PY - 2016/10/11. Y1 - 2016/10/11. N2 - Purpose: Our hypothesis was that pituitary macroadenomas show different areas of consistency detectable by enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with Dynamic study during gadolinium administration. Materials and methods: We analysed 21 patients with pituitary macroadenomas between June 2013 and June 2015. All patients underwent trans-sphenoidal surgery and neurosurgeon described macroadenomas consistency. Similarly, two neuroradiologists manually drew regions of interest (ROIs) inside the solid-appearing portions of macroadenoma and in the normal white ...
[Mesial temporal sclerosis (I): histological data, physiopathological hypothesis and etiological factors].: Probably these organic changes are both the cause an
This case concerns a patient with generalized neurosarcoidosis and pharmacoresistant focal epilepsy. Although immunosuppressive therapy resulted in remission of the neurosarcoidosis, seizures continued and were shown to originate from the right temporal lobe (TL). The patient underwent a right anterior temporal lobe resection (TLR) and obtained >90% reduction of seizure frequency. ...
Success rates for epilepsy surgery are well known. Until recently, success following surgery was defined primarily in terms of seizure reduction. However, more attention is now placed on the inclusion of cognitive and behavioral functioning as primary defining features of epilepsy and as important factors considered within the definition of surgical outcome. With that in mind, it has been determined that a cognitive price is paid by up to 40% of patients undergoing surgery, regardless of the resulting level of seizure control. It is thus important for surgical treatment teams to have effective methods of determining which surgical candidates are at risk for paying this important price, so that effective preventative strategies can be developed and implemented.. What we know thus far is that the rate of memory decline is highest in patients undergoing left (dominant) temporal lobe resections. The primary approach to identifying risk for memory decline has been to evaluate the presurgical ...
Responsive nerve stimulation (RNS) represents a safe and effective treatment option for patients with medically refractory temporal lobe epilepsy. In cases of long intraparenchymal course and posterior-anterior electrode direction through occipital burr holes, disciplined stereotaxy is essential for stimulation of the appropriate target. A 13-year-old female with a history of multifocal, independent, bitemporal-onset seizures since 12 months of age showing evidence of left-sided mesial temporal sclerosis on MRI, underwent placement of bilateral mesial temporal RNS leads. An O-arm spin was performed after the placement and the images obtained were fused to the preoperative CT images. It demonstrated curvature of the leads, with some deviation from the planned trajectory, but no deviation from the target, that was worse on the left side, compared to the right; the left lead was placed first, followed by the right lead. Following discussion with our epilepsy neurology colleagues in the operating ...
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My epilepsy story contains two very different neurological events. I was born in 1975 with a defect in my left temporal lobe that caused seizures unresponsive to treatment until I had a left temporal lobectomy in 1996. That successful surgery let me live seizure free for nine years, graduate from college with an engineering degree, have a great job, and lead a normal life.. The second event was in 2005 when I had encephalitis which caused seizures arising from the right temporal lobe and loss of short-term memory. Treatment with medications did nothing, and another surgical resection was not possible.. My epileptologist in San Francisco recommended NeuroPace. It can be a life-changing decision, and I decided to undergo implant surgery as soon as possible after the FDA approved its use. I received the implant on June 20, 2014. It gives my doctors 24-7 EEG information about my brains electrical activity, which allows changes in treatment personalized for me. This opens the door for continued ...
According to a study published in the Annals of Neurology, early seizures after temporal lobectomy, the most common form of epilepsy surgery, signal that the patient will continue to have seizures.
This exhibit features an axial MRI rendition of the head demonstrating current conditions. Porencephaly is seen in the right temporal lobe, secondary to partial temporal lobectomy. Encephalomalacia and gliosis are depicted surrounding the areas of prior injury.
Temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) is the most common type of drug-resistant epilepsy in adults and commonly requires surgical treatment. While an overwhelming preponderance of literature supports the notion that a large percentage of patients with TLE benefit from surgery, there is a paucity of outcome data on patients who demonstrate a sustained response to pharmacological treatment. In this study, we present an adult cohort of patients with TLE, with the purpose of identifying the proportion of patients with a mild course of the disease, as well as potential risk factors.. ...
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Get information, facts, and pictures about Lobectomy at Encyclopedia.com. Make research projects and school reports about Lobectomy easy with credible articles from our FREE, online encyclopedia and dictionary.
Hello all:)this is my first post since under going lower left lobectomy for carcinoid lung tumour. I wanted to share as prior to surgery many post I read were both informative and actually encouarging too. My surgery was performed 18th June 2012, just like everybody who gets informed they have tumour I was petrified and my mind went into overdrive like I never knew it could. On being advised best treatment option for me, was lobectomy I want to run as far away as possible and just not deal with this health issue at all. thankfully the little bit of sense I keep in reserve, always, finally kicked in and having researched and read helpful posts from others who had been through same procedure I went for it too. Without doubt day 2 after surgery was like..... OMG how will I ever be the same again. Pain was fairly controlled by medication but I did feel awful, however each and every day there after things just got better & better. For me I would say first 4/6 weeks not feeling great and truly ...
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With nearly two decades of experience in politics and 15 years in health care and marketing, Engel Burns has become a highly successful Washington lobbyist. Currently serving as the Federal Account Director of Government Affairs for Sunovion Pharmaceuticals, Inc., Engel Burns recently discussed his road to success with Ebony magazine. In the article in Ebony,…
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Schwertberg, Austria - Rubber and plastics machinery maker Engel Holding GmbH generated sales of €1.36bn in the fiscal year ended 31 March - an increase of 8.6% from the year before.. Engel officials said that marked the third straight year of increasing sales.. Engel, based in Schwertberg, Austria, began the new fiscal year with a workforce of 5,900, a new record - and employment will pass the 6,000 level in its first quarter, officials said.. ...
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Severely malnourished due to her cleft palate, 1-month-old Janat was on the verge of starvation before a team of volunteer dentists intervened.
Neuroscientists report the results of three years of brain imaging and behavioral tests on the boy, known in scientific literature as UD.
"Acute effect of anterior temporal lobectomy on musical processing". Neuropsychologia. 29 (7): 703-708. doi:10.1016/0028-3932(91 ... Zatorre1, R. J. (1988). "Pitch perception of complex tones and human temporal-lobe function". J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 84 (2): 566- ... Jones, Mari Riess; Moynihan, Heather; MacKenzie, Noah; Puente, Jennifer (July 2002). "Temporal Aspects of Stimulus-Driven ... temporal envelope, or timbre. The importance of cortical regions lateral to A1 for pitch coding is also supported by studies of ...
Anterior temporal lobectomy Korsakoff's syndrome Huntington's disease Lacunar infarcts Right hemisphere stroke Left side ... Prediction of verbal memory loss in individuals after anterior temporal lobectomy. Epilepsia, 39(8), 820-828. van Geldorp, B., ... The temporal stability of the CVLT-II is still essential to determine its usefulness in measuring cognitive change. The retest ... Memory function and verbal learning ability in patients with complex partial seizures of temporal lobe origin. Epilepsia, 28(5 ...
Fisch, Bruce (2011-11-01). "Anterior Temporal Lobectomy - How Safe Is It?". Epilepsy Currents. 11 (6): 186-188. doi:10.5698/ ... Fisch, Bruce (2011-11-01). "Anterior Temporal Lobectomy - How Safe Is It?". Epilepsy Currents. 11 (6): 186-188. doi:10.5698/ ... Hence temporal lobe resection, during which the whole temporal lobe or just a part of the temporal lobe for example the ... Temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) in which the epileptic focus is in the temporal lobe, is one of the most common types of epilepsy ...
... formal neuropsychological testing has some predictive power regarding seizure outcome following anterior temporal lobectomy. ...
In one unusual case, an anterior temporal lobectomy relieved an epileptic man's fetish for safety pins. Various explanations ... Mitchell, W., Falconer, M., & Hill, D. (1954). "Epilepsy with fetishism relieved by temporal lobectomy". The Lancet. 264 (6839 ...
For the tumor to be completely removed doctors need to perform resections consisting an anterior temporal lobectomy or amygdalo ... When an MRI is taken there are lesions located in the temporal parietal region of the brain. Typical DNTs can be detected in an ... DNTs are found in the temporal lobe in 84% of reported cases. In children, DNTs account for 0.6% of diagnosed central nervous ... Most commonly found in the temporal lobe, DNTs have been classified as benign tumours. These are glioneuronal tumours ...
... result in areas that are strongly connected with the severed tracts or restricted cortex during an anterior temporal lobectomy ... Implications for temporal lobectomy". Epilepsy & Behavior. 7 (3): 383-398. doi:10.1016/j.yebeh.2005.07.020. Dufour, E., ... Temporal lobe lesions also cause transneuronal degeneration, the effects of which can be seen in the fornix, mammillary bodies ... If this exocitotoxic process occurs rapidly, it results in a more rapid death of anterior horn cells resulting in lower motor ...
... anterior temporal lobectomy MeSH E04.525.090 - brain tissue transplantation MeSH E04.525.160 - cerebral decortication MeSH ...
Decompressive craniectomy Hemispherectomy Anterior temporal lobectomy Hypophysectomy Amygdalohippocampectomy Laminectomy ... ostectomy Astragalectomy Discectomy Synovectomy Embolectomy Endarterectomy Frenectomy Ganglionectomy Gingivectomy Lobectomy ...
Temporal lobectomy is a procedure that removes parts of the anterior temporal lobe in treating seizures due to perinatal stroke ...
... as in anterior temporal lobectomy), or a lobe of the liver (hepatectomy). A lobectomy of the lung is performed in early-stage ... Lobectomy means surgical excision of a lobe. This may refer to a lobe of the lung (also simply called a lobectomy), a lobe of ... Lung lobectomies are performed on patients as young as eleven or twelve who have no cancer or smoking history, but have ... Tumor size, type, and location are major factors as to whether a lobectomy is performed. This can be due to cancer or smoking. ...
... is the complete removal of the anterior portion of the temporal lobe of the brain. It is a ... including lateral temporal cortex along with medial structures, to more restricted anterior temporal lobectomy (ATL) to more ... Wiebe S, Blume WT, Girvin JP, Eliasziw M (August 2001). "A randomized, controlled trial of surgery for temporal-lobe epilepsy ... Therefore, ATL is considered the standard of care for patients with medically intractable mesial temporal lobe epilepsy. Engel ...
... was an American man who had a bilateral medial temporal lobectomy to surgically resect the anterior two thirds of his ... S. Corkin (1984). "Lasting consequences of bilateral medial temporal lobectomy: Clinical course and experimental findings in H. ... Corkin, Suzanne (1984). "Lasting consequences of bilateral medial temporal lobectomy: Clinical course and experimental findings ... Consequently, the medial temporal lobes can be assumed to be a major component involved in the formation of semantic and ...
Temporal lobe epilepsy. Frontal lobe epilepsy. Rolandic epilepsy. Nocturnal epilepsy. Panayiotopoulos syndrome. Vertiginous ... Generalized epileptiform discharges often have an anterior maximum, but these are seen synchronously throughout the entire ... EEG can be used simultaneously with fMRI or fUS so that high-temporal-resolution data can be recorded at the same time as high- ... It is one of the few mobile techniques available and offers millisecond-range temporal resolution which is not possible with CT ...
Anterior temporal lobectomy. pituitary gland:. *Hypophysectomy. hippocampus:. *Amygdalohippocampectomy. *Brain biopsy. Cerebral ...
Lobectomy. Wedge resection. Lung transplantation. Decortication of lung. Heart-lung transplant. Chest wall, pleura,. ... Anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. *Knee replacement/Unicompartmental knee arthroplasty. *Ankle replacement. *Broström ...
Anterior temporal lobectomy. pituitary gland:. *Hypophysectomy. hippocampus:. *Amygdalohippocampectomy. *Brain biopsy. Cerebral ...
Anterior temporal lobectomy. pituitary gland:. *Hypophysectomy. hippocampus:. *Amygdalohippocampectomy. *Brain biopsy. Cerebral ...
For this reason, recording is performed in the temporal region above the cheekbone/zygomatic arch, through the eyes, below the ... Bleton, H; Perera, S; Sejdic, E (2016). "Cognitive tasks and cerebral blood flow through anterior cerebral arteries: a study ... Due to a continuous monitoring of blood flow velocity, TCD offers better temporal resolution than fMRI and PET. The technique ... to the end vessels at distal cortical sites such as the occipito-temporal junction on carotid angiograms of adults.[25] The S- ...
The first bilateral lobectomy of a human subject was performed by the American neurosurgeon Walter Dandy in 1930.[n 10][75] The ... the anterior part of the frontal lobes of the brain, are severed. It was used for psychiatric and occasionally other conditions ... around the motor region of the temporal lobe, he hoped to break their lines of communication and thus alleviate both mental ... named Becky and Lucy who had had frontal lobectomies and subsequent changes in behaviour and intellectual function.[64] ...
a b c d Davis et al.. (2000). Human anterior cingulate cortex neurons modulated by attention-demanding tasks. Journal of ... a b c Crottaz-Herbette S., Menon V.. (2006). Where and when the anterior cingulate cortex modulates attentional response: ... a b Sharim and Pouratian (2016). Anterior Cingulotomy for the Treatment of Chronic Intractable Pain: A Systematic Review. Pain ... In particular the role of the anterior cingulate cortex is in the interpretation of how a stimulus affects a person rather than ...
Anterior temporal lobectomy. pituitary gland:. *Hypophysectomy. hippocampus:. *Amygdalohippocampectomy. *Brain biopsy. Cerebral ...
Decompressive craniectomy · Hemispherectomy · Anterior temporal lobectomy · Hypophysectomy · Amygdalohippocampectomy ... Diverticulectomy · Frenectomy · Hemorrhoidectomy · Mastoidectomy · Thrombectomy · Embolectomy · Ganglionectomy · Lobectomy · ...
Anterior cervical diskectomy and fusion is a common surgery that is performed for disc disease of the cervical spine.[27] ... very rare partial or total lobectomy, or even hemispherectomy - the removal of part or all of one of the lobes, or one of the ...
Talk:Anterior lobe. *Talk:Anterior nuclear group. *Talk:Anterior temporal lobectomy. *Talk:Antidepressant discontinuation ...
In the temporal cortex, for instance, the medial region is related to recollection whereas the anterior region is related to ... "Defects in taste and smell recognition following temporal lobectomy". Transactions of the American Neurological Association. ... Small, D. M.; Jones-Gotman, M.; Zatorre, R. J.; Petrides, M.; Evans, A. C. (1997). "A role for the right anterior temporal lobe ... Gustatory recognition memory, or the recognition of taste, is correlated with activity in the anterior temporal lobe (ATL). In ...
In Klüver-Bucy syndrome, a temporal lobectomy, or removal of the temporal lobes, results in changes involving fear and ... In the frontal lobes, other cortices involved with phobia and fear are the anterior cingulate cortex and the medial prefrontal ... The amygdala is an almond-shaped mass of nuclei that is located deep in the brain's medial temporal lobe. It processes the ... Bilateral damage to the medial temporal lobes, which is known as Urbach-Wiethe disease, exhibits similar symptoms of decreased ...
Cogen, P.H., Antunes, J.L., Correll, J.W.:Reproductive function in temporal lobe epilepsy. The effect of temporal lobectomy. ... Antunes, J.L., Muraszko, K., Quest, D.O. and Carme P.W.l: Surgical strategies in the management of tumours of the anterior ... Antunes, J.L., Murasko, K., Quest, D.O., Carmel, P.W.: Surgica1 strategies in the management of tumours of the anterior third ... Cogen, P.H., Antunes, J.L., Louis, K.M., Dyrenfurth, I., Ferin, M.: The effects of anterior hypothalamic disconnection on ...
... was impaired after either right or left temporal lobectomy. Finally, after a right but not left temporal lobectomy, impairments ... the superior and inferior right temporal gyri, the right anterior cingulate gyrus and parietal lobe region. There was also some ... but not right temporal lobectomy. However, melody recognition when a tune was sung with new words (as compared to encoding) ... By studying the learning curves of patients who have had damage to either their left or right medial temporal lobes, Wilson & ...
Other less common etiologies include carbon monoxide poisoning, temporal lobectomy, encephalitis, neoplasm, right temporal lobe ... Right anterior temporal regions may also play a critical role in associative prosopagnosia. People with this form of the ... The inferior occipital areas are mainly involved in the early stages of face perception and the anterior temporal structures ... Gainotti G, Marra C (2011). "Differential contribution of right and left temporo-occipital and anterior temporal lesions to ...
"Differential spatial memory impairment after right temporal lobectomy demonstrated using temporal titration". Brain. 122 (1): ... Rats with lesions to the anterior region of the posterior parietal cortex reexplore displaced objects, while rats with lesions ... Gutbrod, K; Cohen, R; Maier, T; Meier, E (1987). "Memory for spatial and temporal order in aphasics and right hemisphere ... Corsi, P. M. (1972). "Human memory and the medial temporal region of the brain". Dissertation Abstracts International. 34 (2): ...
It is the second most common type of epilepsy after temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE), and is related to the temporal form by the ... Area anterior to the primary motor cortex that is involved in planning complex motor movements and coordinating movements along ... It has been found that around 30% to 50% of patients that undergo a frontal lobectomy will forever be free from seizures that ... This area receives direct inputs from the primary motor area as well as Wernicke's area located in the temporal lobe.[8] ...
Anterior ethmoid nerve - conveys sensation in the anterior (front) half of the nasal cavity: (a) the internal areas of the ... Washio H (February 1969). "Retroauricular-temporal flap". Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 43 (2): 162-6. doi:10.1097/00006534-196902000- ... Lobectomy. Wedge resection. Transplantation. Decortication. Heart-lung transplant. Chest wall, pleura,. mediastinum,. and ... Superior anterior dental nerve - mediates the sneeze reflex.. *Sphenopalatine nerve - divides into the lateral branch and the ...
Farah MJ; Soso MJ; Dasheiff RM (1992). "Visual angle of the mind's eye before and after unilateral occipital lobectomy". J Exp ... Research in gustatory imagery reveals activation in the anterior insular cortex, frontal operculum, and prefrontal cortex.[38] ... Auditory imagery in general occurs across participants in the temporal voice area (TVA), which allows top-down imaging ... manipulations, processing, and storage of audition functions.[40] Olfactory imagery research shows activation in the anterior ...
Farah MJ; Soso MJ; Dasheiff RM (1992). "Visual angle of the mind's eye before and after unilateral occipital lobectomy". J Exp ... Auditory imagery in general occurs across participants in the temporal voice area (TVA), which allows top-down imaging ... Olfactory imagery research shows activation in the anterior piriform cortex and the posterior piriform cortex; experts in ... Research in gustatory imagery reveals activation in the anterior insular cortex, frontal operculum, and prefrontal cortex. ...
In the early 1890s, Friedrich Goltz conducted experiments on temporal lobectomy in dogs including the removal of the amygdala ... "Bilateral anterior capsulotomy and amygdalotomy for mental retardation with psychiatric symptoms and aggression". Medicine. 96 ... A more detailed analysis of specific regions of the temporal lobe in animals revealed that the limbic system, specifically the ... Deep brain stimulation studies in animals revealed that the temporal lobe is involved in mediating expressions of rage and ...
After performing a temporal lobectomy, the monkeys showed a decrease in aggression. The animals revealed a reduced threshold to ... part of the hypothalamus that receives signals from the hippocampus via the fornix and projects them to the thalamus Anterior ... Kluver, H.; Bucy, P. C. (June 1937). "Psychic blindness" and other symptoms following bilateral temporal lobectomy". American ... Based on experiments done on monkeys, the destruction of the temporal cortex almost always led to damage of the amygdala. This ...
... since strokes can involve the temporal lobe in the temporal cortex, and the temporal cortex houses the hippocampus. Anterograde ... If the memory was created from before his lobectomy, he still had the ability to retrieve it and remember. However, he was able ... Saito Y, Matsumura K, Shimizu T. Anterograde amnesia associated with infarction of the anterior fornix and genu of the corpus ... Temporal order memory in patients with Korsakoff's syndrome and medial temporal amnesia" Neuropsychologia 2002;40(7):853-61. ...
Anterior temporal lobectomy is the complete removal of the anterior portion of the temporal lobe of the brain. It is a ... including lateral temporal cortex along with medial structures, to more restricted anterior temporal lobectomy (ATL) to more ... Wiebe S, Blume WT, Girvin JP, Eliasziw M (August 2001). "A randomized, controlled trial of surgery for temporal-lobe epilepsy ... Therefore, ATL is considered the standard of care for patients with medically intractable mesial temporal lobe epilepsy. Engel ...
Aims: To investigate the surgical outcomes of anterior corpus callosotomy (aCCT) combined with anterior temporal lobectomy (ATL ... in patients with intractable temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) and mental retardation (MR). Methods: Sixty patients with TLE and MR ... Anterior temporal lobectomy combined with anterior corpus callosotomy in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy and mental ... Anterior temporal lobectomy combined with anterior corpus callosotomy in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy and mental ...
Neurocognitive and Seizure Outcomes of Selective Amygdalohippocampectomy versus Anterior Temporal Lobectomy for Mesial Temporal ... "Selective amygdalohippocampectomy versus anterior temporal lobectomy in the management of mesial temporal lobe epilepsy: a meta ... Anterior Temporal Lobectomy. In this approach, the extent of the hippocampal resection is similar to the SelAH with an ... Anterior temporal lobectomy (ATL) is a well-established and efficacious surgical procedure for the treatment of medically ...
... which occur in the deepest part of the temporal lobe. To learn more, contact us at 314-454-KIDS (5437). ... Louis Childrens Hospital performs temporal lobectomy surgeries on epileptic children to treat mesial temporal seizures, ... Anterior temporal lobectomy: what to expect. Several surgical options exist for the treatment of mesial temporal seizures, and ... However, the most commonly performed operation is the anterior temporal lobectomy:. *This operation is performed under general ...
Extent of medial temporal resection and outcome from anterior temporal lobectomy : a randomized prospective study WYLER AR. ... A grading system for mesial temporal lobe pathology (hippocampal pathology) from anterior temporal lobectomy WYLER AR ... Acute naming deficits following dominant anterior temporal lobectomy : prediction by age at first risk for seizures STAFINIAK P ... Predictors of neuropsychological change following anterior temporal lobectomy : the role of regression toward the mean HERMANN ...
In fact, 90% of patients with temporal interictal epileptiform abnormalities on their electroencephalograms (EEGs) have a ... The temporal lobe is the most epileptogenic region of the brain. ... Anterior Temporal Lobectomy. Temporal lobectomy is the ... Temporal lobectomy is the definitive treatment for medically intractable temporal lobe epilepsy, as it has a high seizure-free ... Seizure outcome after temporal lobectomy for temporal lobe epilepsy: a Kaplan-Meier survival analysis. Neurology. 2000 Feb 8. ...
Neurocognitive and Seizure Outcomes of Selective Amygdalohippocampectomy versus Anterior Temporal Lobectomy for Mesial Temporal ... Neurocognitive and Seizure Outcomes of Selective Amygdalohippocampectomy versus Anterior Temporal Lobectomy for Mesial Temporal ... Neurocognitive and Seizure Outcomes of Selective Amygdalohippocampectomy versus Anterior Temporal Lobectomy for Mesial Temporal ... outcomes for a series of patients with mesial temporal lobe epilepsy mTLE undergoing anterior temporal lobectomy ATL or ...
Nayel MHAwad IAMagdinec MChelune GJLüders H: Anterior temporal lobectomy with microsurgical resection of mesial structures: ... Lee PSPardini JHendrickson RDestefino VPopescu AGhearing G: Short-term neurocognitive outcomes following anterior temporal ... Short-term neurocognitive outcomes following anterior temporal lobectomy. . Epilepsy Behav. 62. :. 140. -. 146. , 2016. ), ... Anterior temporal lobectomy with microsurgical resection of mesial structures: Surgical technique and results in 50 consecutive ...
Improvement with Anterior Temporal Lobectomy ,/li,,/ul,,/ul,,ul,,ul,,li,Influence of interictal discharges on gonadotropins and ... Case 2 ,ul,,li,35 y/o F w/ intractable szs controlled after L temporal lobectomy ,/li,,/ul,,ul,,li,Current issues: Fear of ... Ask about temporal relationship w/ med use and onset of difficulties. Ask about ETOH, tobacco, and illicit drugs ,/li,,/ul,,ul ... Both men and women with temporal lobe epilepsy demonstrate diminished physiologic arousal (genital blood flow) in response to ...
Temporal Lobe / Humans / Anterior Temporal Lobectomy / Epilepsy / Epilepsy, Temporal Lobe / Hearing / Hippocampus Language: ... Temporal Lobe / Humans / Anterior Temporal Lobectomy / Epilepsy / Epilepsy, Temporal Lobe / Hearing / Hippocampus Language: ... Anterior Temporal Lobectomy , Audiometry, Pure-Tone , Auditory Perceptual Disorders , Epilepsy , Epilepsy, Temporal Lobe , ... Changes in Central Auditory Processing in Patients with Mesial Temporal Lobe Epilepsy after Anterior Temporal Lobectomy with ...
Prospective analysis of diplopia after anterior temporal lobectomy for mesial temporal lobe sclerosis ... investigated the incidence and natural history of postoperative diplopia in patients undergoing anterior temporal lobectomy ( ... ATL) and amygdalohippocampectomy for medically intractable mesial temporal lobe epilepsy.. Methods. Forty-seven patients ...
Long-term psychosocial outcomes of anterior temporal lobectomy. Epilepsia 2002;43:896-903.. *Wiley Online Library , ... The temporal pattern of stimulation may be important to the mechanism of deep brain stimulation. Exp Neurol 2013;247:296-302.. ... had seizures arising from mesial temporal lobe structures. Mesial temporal onsets were bilateral in 73% (69), left in 18% (17 ... A randomized, controlled trial of surgery for temporal-lobe epilepsy. N Engl J Med 2001;345:311-318.. *CrossRef , ...
... five lateral temporal lesionectomies plus amygdalohippocampectomy, and seven anterior temporal lobectomies were performed. ... Purpose: Surgical treatment of refractory temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) is promising for selected patients, but only little ... Surgical treatment for refractory temporal lobe epilepsy in the elderly: seizure outcome and neuropsychological sequels ...
The thalamus has played a crucial role in determining surgical outcome following anterior temporal lobectomy (ATL) in temporal ... Developing a quantitative algorithm for predicting seizure outcome following anterior temporal lobectomy (ATL) in temporal lobe ... Predicting seizure outcome (SO) after anterior temporal lobectomy (ATL) is a major clinical goal. With clear evidence that even ... Functional Integrity of Resting-state Networks predicts Seizure Outcome after Anterior Temporal Lobectomy. Gaelle Doucet, ...
Anterior temporal lobectomy versus selective amygdalohippocampectomy in patients with mesial temporal lobe epilepsy. Arq ... the standard surgical treatment has been an en bloc anterior temporal lobectomy (ATL). ... Comparison of neuropsychological outcomes after selective amygdalohippocampectomy versus anterior temporal lobectomy. Epilepsy ... using a small incision in the middle temporal gyrus to access the temporal horn and selectively resect mesial temporal ...
Ives-Deliperi, V. L., & Butler, J. T. (2012). Naming outcomes of anterior temporal lobectomy in epilepsy patients: A systematic ... Predicting verbal memory decline following anterior temporal lobectomy (ATL). Neurology, 60(8), 1266-1273.Google Scholar ... Mapping anterior temporal lobe language areas with fMRI: a multicenter normative study. NeuroImage, 54(2), 1465-1475.PubMed ... Imaging memory in temporal lobe epilepsy: Predicting the effects of temporal lobe resection. Brain, 133(4), 1186-1199.PubMed ...
... which revealed seizure onset in the left anterior mesial temporal lobe. She underwent a left anterior temporal lobectomy and ... The patient had undergone two surgeries before the current one, first a partial anterior temporal lobectomy (7 y prior), and ... He underwent a left anterior temporal lobectomy and has remained seizure-free. ... He underwent bilateral frontotemporal SEEG, which predominately revealed a left anterior temporal neocortical onset zone, with ...
Use of anterior temporal lobectomy for epilepsy in a community-based population. ... Surgical Treatment of Temporal Lobe Epilepsy-Reply: Type and Extent of Surgery Matters. ... Evidence on Use of Neuroimaging for Surgical Treatment of Temporal Lobe Epilepsy: A Systematic Review. ... Outcome of intracranial electroencephalography monitoring and surgery in magnetic resonance imaging-negative temporal lobe ...
anterior temporal lobectomy. *back surgery. *biopsy of brain. *biopsy of skull. *brain surgery ...
Rausch, R., Serafetinides, E., & Crandall, P. H. (1977). Olfactory memory in patients with anterior temporal lobectomy. Cortex ... Odor perception in temporal lobe epilepsy patients with and without temporal lobectomy. Neuropsychologia, 24(4), 553-562. ... Eskenazi, B., Cain, W. S., Novelly, R. A., & Friend, K. B. (1983). Olfactory functioning in temporal lobectomy patients. ... Zatorre, R. J., & Jones-Gotman, M. (1991). Human olfactory discrimination after unilateral frontal or temporal lobectomy. Brain ...
"Acute effect of anterior temporal lobectomy on musical processing". Neuropsychologia. 29 (7): 703-708. doi:10.1016/0028-3932(91 ... Zatorre1, R. J. (1988). "Pitch perception of complex tones and human temporal-lobe function". J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 84 (2): 566- ... Jones, Mari Riess; Moynihan, Heather; MacKenzie, Noah; Puente, Jennifer (July 2002). "Temporal Aspects of Stimulus-Driven ... temporal envelope, or timbre. The importance of cortical regions lateral to A1 for pitch coding is also supported by studies of ...
Simultaneous Treatment of Epilepsy and Secondary Dystonia After Anterior Temporal Lobectomy and Amygdalohippocampectomy. ... Epilepsy with temporal encephalocele: Characteristics of electrocorticography and surgical outcome.. Panov F, Li Y, Chang EF, ...
Helmstaedter C, Elger CE (1996) Cognitive consequences of two-thirds anterior temporal lobectomy on verbal memory in 144 ... AEDs: Antiepileptic Drugs; ATL: Anterior Temporal Lobectomy; ANOVA: Analysis of Variance; DASS: Depression, Anxiety, Stress ... It is well established that patients undergoing left anterior temporal lobectomy (ATL) are likely to have significant memory ... Lah S, Lee T, Grayson S, Miller L (2008) Changes in retrograde memory following temporal lobectomy. Epilepsy Behav 13: 391-396. ...
Anterior temporal lobectomy is the most common. The purpose of certain other procedures is to limit the diffusion pathways of ...
The majority of complex partial seizures (see EPILEPSY, COMPLEX PARTIAL) originate from the temporal lobes. Temporal lobe ... form of epilepsy characterized by recurrent seizures that arise from foci within the temporal lobe, most commonly from its ... Anterior Temporal Lobectomy 11/01/2006 - "Although anterior temporal lobectomy (ATL) is an effective treatment for many ... 09/01/2015 - "Anterior Temporal Lobectomy (ATL) is the gold standard surgical treatment for refractory temporal lobe epilepsy ( ...
Complex partial seizures often originate from foci in one or both temporal lobes. The etiology may be idiopathic (cryptogenic ... Anterior Temporal Lobectomy 09/01/2003 - "This study addresses the question of the optimal minimal test battery necessary to ... 09/01/2004 - "Thirty patients underwent anterior temporal lobectomy for medically intractable complex partial epilepsy at Loma ... 09/01/2004 - "Early antiepileptic drug reduction following anterior temporal lobectomy for medically intractable complex ...
1995) Extent of medial temporal resection on outcome from anterior temporal lobectomy: a randomized prospective study. ... 1996) Different Effects of Left Anterior Temporal Lobectomy, Selective Amygdalohippocampectomy, and Temporal Cortical ... 1991) compared lobectomies with anterior resection versus lobectomies with anterior hippocampal sparing. He concluded that more ... Anterior temporal lobectomy with amygdalohippocampectomy for mesial temporal sclerosis: predictors of long-term seizure control ...
In the pre- to post-surgical comparisons, verbal memory in left temporal lobe (LTL) and, less consistently, visuospatial memory ... In the pre- to post-surgical comparisons, verbal memory in left temporal lobe (LTL) and, less consistently, visuospatial memory ... Comparison of cognitive function in both disorders may indicate temporal lobe mediated processes relevant to bipolar disorder. ... Comparison of cognitive function in both disorders may indicate temporal lobe mediated processes relevant to bipolar disorder. ...
Changes in description naming for common and proper nouns after left anterior temporal lobectomy.; Epilepsy & behavior : E&B; ... Mapping anterior temporal lobe language areas with fMRI: a multicenter normative study.; NeuroImage; Vol 54(2). 2011 Jan 15. ... Temporal lobe regions essential for preserved picture naming after left temporal epilepsy surgery.; Epilepsia. 2020 Aug 11. ...
Individual memory change following anterior temporal lobectomy: A base rate analysis employing regression-based outcome ... Investigation of executive function change following anterior temporal lobectomy: Selective normalization of verbal fluency. ... Williams, K. L., Roth, D. L., Kuzniecky, R., Faught, E., & Morawetz, R. (1994). Psychosocial outcome following temporal lobe ... Verbal memory outcome in patients with normal preoperative verbal memory and left mesial temporal sclerosis. Epilepsy and ...
  • It is a treatment option in temporal lobe epilepsy for those in whom anticonvulsant medications do not control epileptic seizures. (wikipedia.org)
  • What are mesial temporal seizures? (stlouischildrens.org)
  • Partial complex seizures often arise from the deepest ("mesial") aspect of the temporal lobe, an area which includes the amygdala and hippocampus. (stlouischildrens.org)
  • Several surgical options exist for the treatment of mesial temporal seizures, and we tailor the operation to each individual patient. (stlouischildrens.org)
  • For patients who had mesial temporal lobe epilepsy and disabling seizures for no more than 2 consecutive years following adequate trials of 2 brand-name AEDs, Engel et al found that resective surgery plus AED treatment resulted in a lower probability of seizures for at least 2 years posttreatment, as well as improved health-related quality of life, than continued AED treatment alone. (medscape.com)
  • Most patients with TLE have seizures that originate from the mesial-basal temporal lobe structures (hippocampus, amygdala, parahippocampal gyrus). (medscape.com)
  • Many individual studies suggest that for patients with well-defined mesial temporal onset seizures, particularly those with the syndrome of hippocampal sclerosis, seizure-free outcomes after SAH are equivalent to outcomes after procedures that involve more extensive temporal neocortical resections. (medscape.com)
  • A localization-related (focal) form of epilepsy characterized by recurrent seizures that arise from foci within the temporal lobe, most commonly from its mesial aspect. (curehunter.com)
  • The majority of complex partial seizures (see EPILEPSY, COMPLEX PARTIAL) originate from the temporal lobes. (curehunter.com)
  • Temporal lobe seizures may be classified by etiology as cryptogenic, familial, or symptomatic (i.e., related to an identified disease process or lesion). (curehunter.com)
  • Complex partial seizures often originate from foci in one or both temporal lobes. (curehunter.com)
  • The individuals studied consisted of 29 patients with medically resistant complex partial seizures of medial temporal lobe origin. (c3.hu)
  • A) Left temporal hypometabolism (arrows) in a patient with mirthful laughter seizures demonstrated by 18 F-fludeoxyglucose positron emission tomography. (jle.com)
  • Twenty-two articles providing information on the outcome of resective surgery in 39 patients with extra-hypothalamic gelastic seizures from the temporal (19 patients) or frontal lobe (20 patients) were selected. (jle.com)
  • We add another case of temporal lobe gelastic seizures to the literature with a video demonstrating the mirthful component of this patient's laughing seizures. (jle.com)
  • Drug-refractory cases of gelastic seizures from the temporal or frontal lobes are amenable to surgical treatment following thorough investigation with imaging, as well as scalp and intracranial EEG. (jle.com)
  • The relationship, if any, of mesial temporal sclerosis with febrile seizures is controversial, made all the more difficult due to the relative insensitivity of imaging and the difficulty in establishing whether a particular seizure was truly febrile. (radiopaedia.org)
  • Up to a third of patients with established refractory temporal lobe epilepsy have a history of seizures in childhood at the time of fever 3 . (radiopaedia.org)
  • Follow up of children with febrile seizures does not demonstrate significant increased incidence of temporal lobe epilepsy 3 . (radiopaedia.org)
  • An anterior temporal lobectomy is one of the most common surgical procedures for those with seizures consistently emanating from this part of the brain. (gizmodo.com)
  • The ApoE-epsilon4 allele interacts with longstanding seizures to affect memory performance, both verbal and nonverbal, in patients with medically intractable temporal lobe epilepsy. (cdc.gov)
  • This is an alternative to the most common surgery to treat seizures in adults, anterior temporal lobectomy. (mhealth.org)
  • Selective amygdalohippocampectomy is a surgical treatment for epileptic seizures that originate in the temporal lobe of the brain. (mhealth.org)
  • Although such treatment can be costly, multiple studies have demonstrated that ATL in patients who have failed at least two anticonvulsant drug trials (thereby meeting the criteria for medically intractable temporal lobe epilepsy) has lower mortality, lower morbidity and lower long-term cost in comparison with continued medical therapy without surgical intervention. (wikipedia.org)
  • Aims: To investigate the surgical outcomes of anterior corpus callosotomy (aCCT) combined with anterior temporal lobectomy (ATL) in patients with intractable temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) and mental retardation (MR). Methods: Sixty patients with TLE and MR were carefully selected and randomly divided into two equal groups: ATL and aCCT, in which they were treated with ATL or ATL combined with aCCT, respectively. (mendeley.com)
  • Temporal lobectomy is the definitive treatment for medically intractable temporal lobe epilepsy, as it has a high seizure-free rate. (medscape.com)
  • Mesial temporal sclerosis (MTS) , also commonly referred to as hippocampal sclerosis , is the most common association with intractable temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) 2,3,5 . (radiopaedia.org)
  • Anterior temporal lobectomy (ATL) is the standard surgical treatment for medically intractable temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). (sun.ac.za)
  • To investigate the relationship between the apolipoprotein (ApoE) epsilon4 allele and memory performance (verbal and nonverbal) in patients with medically intractable temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) who underwent temporal lobectomy. (cdc.gov)
  • The techniques for removing temporal lobe tissue vary from resection of large amounts of tissue, including lateral temporal cortex along with medial structures, to more restricted anterior temporal lobectomy (ATL) to more restricted removal of only the medial structures (selective amygdalohippocampectomy, SAH). (wikipedia.org)
  • To report our institutional seizure and neuropsychological outcomes for a series of patients with mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (mTLE) undergoing anterior temporal lobectomy (ATL) or selective amygdalohippocampectomy (SelAH) between 2004 and 2011. (hindawi.com)
  • Neurocognitive and Seizure Outcomes of Selective Amygdalohippocampectomy versus Anterior Temporal Lobectomy for Mesial Temporal Lobe Epilepsy - Descarga este documento en PDF. (duhnnae.com)
  • This study aimed to determine the effects of anterior temporal lobectomy with amygdalohippocampectomy (ATL-AH) on central auditory processing (CAP) in patients with mesial temporal lobe epilepsy with hippocampal sclerosis (mTLE-HS), and to identify factors that may contribute to the postoperative worsening of CAP. (bvsalud.org)
  • In this prospective study the authors investigated the incidence and natural history of postoperative diplopia in patients undergoing anterior temporal lobectomy (ATL) and amygdalohippocampectomy for medically intractable mesial temporal lobe epilepsy. (thejns.org)
  • Forty selective amygdalohippocampectomies (33 for hippocampal sclerosis, seven for removal of a mesiotemporal lesion), five lateral temporal lesionectomies plus amygdalohippocampectomy, and seven anterior temporal lobectomies were performed. (nih.gov)
  • Comparison of anterior temporal lobectomy and selective amygdalohippocampectomy. (medscape.com)
  • Most authors found seizure outcome in selective amygdalohippocampectomy (SAH) to be similar to that of lobectomy and there is considerable evidence for better neuropsychological outcome in SAH. (wiley.com)
  • Introduction: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the neuropsychological outcomes of patients with medically intractable unilateral mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE) due to hippocampal sclerosis (HS) treated either by anterior temporal lobectomy (ATL) or selective amygdalohippocampectomy (SAH). (thefreedictionary.com)
  • One surgical procedure for the treatment of temporal lobe epilepsy is selective amygdalohippocampectomy (SAH). (mhealth.org)
  • probability of a decreased performance in a non-dominant-side dichotic test after surgery was 7.5-fold greater in patients who underwent surgery on the dominant temporal lobe compared with the nondominant temporal lobe . (bvsalud.org)
  • The purpose of this study was to clarify whether scores were impaired on the Seashore Measures of Musical Talents in patients who underwent right or left temporal lobectomy when a smaller resection was made. (c3.hu)
  • We aimed to clarify its role in semantic cognition by performing neuropsychological testing in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) who underwent resection of the language dominant vATL. (jnss.org)
  • One patient underwent additional corticetomy of the core BTLA in the anterior fusiform gyrus. (jnss.org)
  • Included were 325 patients who underwent anterior temporal lobectomy between 1978 and 1998 (mean follow-up 9.6 ± 4.2 years). (coping-with-epilepsy.com)
  • The surgically excised hippocampus in one patient without hippocampal formation atrophy who later underwent a temporal lobectomy showed no significant neuronal loss. (nih.gov)
  • NICE said in its draft health technology assessment for MRgLITT said the rates of reoperation between the two device therapies numerically favored MRgLITT (15% vs. 27% for SRS), but that 11 patients on the applicant technology required repeat treatment while another 17 underwent anterior temporal lobectomy. (bioworld.com)
  • To assess short- and long-term seizure freedom, the authors reviewed 371 patients who underwent anterior temporal lobectomy to treat pharmacoresistant epilepsy. (edu.lb)
  • Methods: Patients with LRE and normal temporal structures on MRI underwent ATL at two epilepsy centers in the southeastern US (FL and NC). (elsevier.com)
  • The authors selected 40 patients who had undergone GTR of a histopathologically diagnosed isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH)-wild type GBM in the right frontal or temporal lobe and divided the patients into 2 groups according to whether GTR of the tumor involved lobectomy, defined as a supratotal resection (SupTR group, n = 20) or did not (GTR group, n = 20). (thejns.org)
  • ATL involves resection of approximately 3-6 cm of anterior temporal neocortex (depending on language dominance), which permits the surgeon to access and resect mesial structures, including the amygdala and the hippocampus. (medscape.com)
  • A modification popularized by the Yale group limits neocortical resection to 3.5 cm from the temporal pole and spares the superior temporal gyrus, obviating the need for language mapping in most cases. (medscape.com)
  • It must be concluded that class I evidence concerning seizure outcome related to type and extent of resection of mesial temporal lobe structures is rare. (wiley.com)
  • The extent of resection was 1.5 to 4 cm (mean 2.7 ± 0.92 cm (± standard deviation)) along the right sylvian fissure and 3.5 to 5.5 cm (mean 4.7 ± 0.63 cm) along the base of the right temporal lobe (Fig. 1A). (c3.hu)
  • We performed a prospective study using preoperative magnetic resonance imaging to identify hippocampal formation atrophy in 15 consecutive patients with intractable partial epilepsy who had undergone a stereotactic resection of an extrahippocampal temporal lobe foreign-tissue lesion. (nih.gov)
  • Patients with magnetic resonance imaging-defined dual pathology now undergo a temporal lobectomy which includes resection of the hippocampus and the foreign-tissue lesion. (nih.gov)
  • The Seizure Outcome and Extent of Hippocampal Resection in Anterior Temporal Lobectomy. (jkns.or.kr)
  • With the assistance of a microscope, the tip of the temporal lobe is removed, followed by the amygdala and hippocampus. (stlouischildrens.org)
  • The surgeon removed the anterior parts of the superior, middle, and inferior temporal gyri as well as the anterior parts of the fusiform gyrus, the parahippocampal gyrus, and the hippocampus. (c3.hu)
  • The hippocampus is located in the temporal lobe of the brain. (dailymail.co.uk)
  • Some patients undergo a temporal lobectomy, which removes a part of the anterior temporal lobe along with the amygdala and hippocampus. (dailymail.co.uk)
  • Alzheimer's occurs when amyloid-beta protein forms plaques in the temporal lobe's hippocampus, a center crucial to memory. (livestrong.com)
  • Mesial temporal lobe structures with a sclerotic hippocampus have been considered the site of seizure onset for most TLE patients, and hippocampal sclerosis (HS) has been considered essential for MTS diagnosis. (scielo.br)
  • Tailored resections of temporal neocortex and mesial temporal structures, including hippocampus and amygdala, are an established epilepsy treatment modality and offer a favorable outcome in approximately two-thirds of patients 4,5 . (scielo.br)
  • B) The left, middle, and right panel show the depth electrode contacts at the level of the amygdala, as well as the anterior and posterior hippocampus, respectively. (jle.com)
  • The most common surgery, which Gerrard said has a 60 percent cure rate, is an anterior medial temporal lobectomy, which removes parts of the amygdala and hippocampus and can affect memory and cognition. (nhregister.com)
  • They illustrate how spatial and nonspatial functions combine within the anterior hippocampus, and how these functions interact with parahippocampal, parietal, and prefrontal areas in decision making and mnemonic function. (jneurosci.org)
  • Pathological examination of the hippocampus in one patient with neuroimaging-identified hippocampal formation atrophy who subsequently received an anterior temporal lobectomy revealed mesial temporal sclerosis. (nih.gov)
  • Anterior temporal lobectomy (ATL) is a well-established and efficacious surgical procedure for the treatment of medically refractory mTLE [ 1 - 3 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Surgical outcomes for temporal lobe epilepsy in young children: A multi-institution analysis. (stlouischildrens.org)
  • Surgical treatment of refractory temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) is promising for selected patients, but only little experience has been acquired in operating on older patients, especially with limited resections. (nih.gov)
  • The thalamus has played a crucial role in determining surgical outcome following anterior temporal lobectomy (ATL) in temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) (He, et al. (jefferson.edu)
  • Traditionally, the standard surgical treatment has been an en bloc anterior temporal lobectomy (ATL). (medscape.com)
  • In the pre- to post-surgical comparisons, verbal memory in left temporal lobe (LTL) and, less consistently, visuospatial memory in right temporal lobe (RTL) epilepsy declined following surgery. (frontiersin.org)
  • 3-5 The earliest reports of the use of anterior temporal lobectomy measured surgical efficacy in terms of preoperative and postoperative seizure frequency. (bmj.com)
  • 6 7 This was mainly due to the referral of surgical candidates from psychiatric sources, and partly because of the then current opinion associating temporal lobe epilepsy with psychological problems. (bmj.com)
  • Temporal lobectomy is a surgical procedure that removes the anterior and medial parts of the temporal lobe. (livestrong.com)
  • To analyze retrospectively a series of patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) and mesial temporal sclerosis (MTS), and the association of patterns of hippocampal sclerosis with clinical data and surgical prognosis. (scielo.br)
  • A temporal lobectomy is a surgical procedure whereby a portion of the temporal lobe of the brain is removed. (coping-with-epilepsy.com)
  • Results of this study have modified the surgical approach taken at this institution in patients with temporal lobe lesional epilepsy. (nih.gov)
  • Surgical Clues of Distal Anterior Cerebral Artery(DACA) Aneurysms. (jkns.or.kr)
  • Ascertaining desirable pre-operative predictors for successful anterior temporal lobectomy (ATL) in LRE patients with a normal brain MRI is essential to better anticipate surgical outcome. (elsevier.com)
  • The strongest evidence supporting ATL over continued medical therapy for medically refractory temporal lobe epilepsy is a prospective, randomized trial of ATL compared to best medical therapy (anticonvulsants), which convincingly demonstrated that the seizure-free rate after surgery was ~ 60% as compared to only 8% for the medicine only group. (wikipedia.org)
  • We studied hemispheric lateralization in a professional musician, a 33 years old woman with refractory left medial temporal lobe (MTL) epilepsy (TLE). (frontiersin.org)
  • Sixty-six patients with medically refractory TLE with unilateral MTS after anterior temporal lobectomy were included. (scielo.br)
  • Mesial temporal sclerosis (MTS) is the most common pathological finding in drug refractory, chronic temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) 1 . (scielo.br)
  • Electrical stimulation of the anterior nucleus of thalamus for treatment of refractory partial epilepsy. (umn.edu)
  • The systematic review of 19 studies of medically refractory temporal lobe epilepsy yielded a rate of freedom from seizure of 50% (42% for SRS), and that the exclusion of a randomized, controlled trial for radiosurgery did not affect the results of the meta-analysis. (bioworld.com)
  • To explore whether patients with refractory mesial temporal lobe epilepsy risk aggravated verbal memory loss from intracranial electroencephalography (EEG) recording with longitudinal hippocampal electrodes in the language-dominant hemisphere. (readbyqxmd.com)
  • This suggests the possibility that more targeted mesial temporal resections that spare temporal neocortex (eg, SAH) might provide equally good seizure control and result in fewer neuropsychological sequelae than ATL (see the image below). (medscape.com)
  • TLE studies typically examined a narrow range of known temporal lobe-mediated neuropsychological functions, particularly verbal and visuospatial memory. (frontiersin.org)
  • The assessment of hippocampal atrophy was based on a visual estimation of the size of the medial temporal lobe and the temporal horn of the lateral ventricle. (c3.hu)
  • Magnetoencephalographic (MEG) and electroencephalographic (EEG) source localization of the interictal spike activities was performed in 5 patients with medial temporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE) to clarify the usefulness of MEG as the preoperative noninvasive examination. (eurekamag.com)
  • Although the EEG-source montage images at this latency were failed to reveal the potential to be localized to the medial temporal lobe, they demonstrated the potential to extend to the lateral temporal lobe at the peak latency of EEG spike. (eurekamag.com)
  • What seahorse shaped structure dominates the medial temporal lobe? (brainscape.com)
  • Each of the cerebral hemispheres is further divided into 4 lobes: the frontal lobe, the parietal lobe, the temporal lobe, and the occipital lobe. (medscape.com)
  • The temporal lobes are located on the sides of the brain. (livestrong.com)
  • The fat thumbs on each side are the temporal lobes. (livestrong.com)
  • The temporal lobes are crucial sites for language, speech, memory, object recognition and emotion. (livestrong.com)
  • Abnormalities in the temporal lobes can cause problems to any of these functions. (livestrong.com)
  • It turns out to originate in an abnormality in the temporal lobes, the centers for speech and language, reports Tulane University neuroscientist Dr. Anne Foundas in Science Daily. (livestrong.com)
  • Foundas and colleagues looked a 16 stutterers and 16 controls and found that the temporal lobes of the stutterers were significantly enlarged and sometimes had an irregular shape. (livestrong.com)
  • A stroke or other similar damage in the temporal lobes of the brain can impair abilities to identify sounds. (livestrong.com)
  • Both auditory streams begin in the auditory cortex in the temporal lobes. (livestrong.com)
  • Some of the information then proceeds through the outside of the temporal lobes, which calculate the identity of the sounds. (livestrong.com)
  • The temporal and frontal lobes shrink with age but the shrinkage is more pronounced in elderly men, reports Henry Ford psychiatrist Dr. Edward Coffey in Science Daily. (livestrong.com)
  • They found excess cerebrospinal fluid on the outside of the temporal and frontal lobes of the male study participants. (livestrong.com)
  • Temporal lobe epilepsy occurs when neurons in the temporal lobes become hyperactive and start firing uncontrollably. (livestrong.com)
  • Temporal lobe epilepsy [where the sequences originate in the temporal lobes] may be the single commonest form of epilepsy. (mugsy.org)
  • Nearly all reports of seizure outcome following these procedures indicate that the best outcome group includes patients with MRI evidence of mesial temporal sclerosis (hippocampal atrophy with increased T-2 signal. (wikipedia.org)
  • Kasasbeh A, Hwang E, Steger-May K, Bandt S, Oberhelman A, Limbrick DD, Miller-Thomas M, Shimony J, Smyth MD . Predictive value of imaging characteristics of mesial temporal sclerosis on histopathology and clinical outcome. (stlouischildrens.org)
  • Outcome following surgery for temporal lobe epilepsy in pre-adolescent children with hippocampal pathology: emphasis on mesial temporal sclerosis. (stlouischildrens.org)
  • Developing a quantitative algorithm for predicting seizure outcome following anterior temporal lobectomy (ATL) in temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) patient would constitute a significant advance for presurgical decision making. (jefferson.edu)
  • CONCLUSION This model of outcome after temporal lobectomy may ultimately be applicable to the treatment of other chronic conditions. (bmj.com)
  • The MEG spike source localization based on the Ebersole's classification may be calculated by the potential extended to the lateral temporal lobe, and, thus, was not useful in the diagnosis of MTLE and for predicting postoperative seizure outcome. (eurekamag.com)
  • The aim of this study was an in-depth examination of patterns of longitudinal outcome and potential risk factors for seizure recurrence after lobectomy, utilizing a large patient sample with long follow-up. (coping-with-epilepsy.com)
  • Ictal EEG with rhythmic temporal theta at onset was the only predictive measure of seizure-free outcome ( p = 0.001, Fisher's exact test), and also favorably correlated with seizure reduction ( p = 0.0001, r 2 = 0.34, multiple regression analysis). (elsevier.com)
  • 2006). Verbal memory decline after temporal epilepsy surgery? (springer.com)
  • Temporal lobe regions essential for preserved picture naming after left temporal epilepsy surgery. (rochester.edu)
  • An emphasis on the chances offered by epilepsy surgery is placed on patients with a history of meningitis or encephalitis in early childhood, as well as a history, seizure semiology, and EEG-findings compatible with the diagnosis of a mesial temporal lobe epilepsy syndrome. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Comparison of seizure outcomes and safety between anterior temporal lobotomy and lobectomy in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Purpose: Stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) may be an alternative to anterior temporal lobectomy (ATL) for mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE). (elsevier.com)
  • Bipolar disorder (BD) and temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) overlap in domains including epidemiology, treatment response, shared neurotransmitter involvement and temporal lobe pathology. (frontiersin.org)
  • The efficacy of surgery to treat drug-resistant temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) has been demonstrated in a prospective randomized trial. (wiley.com)
  • To compare the efficacy and safety of anterior temporal lobotomy (ATLo) and anterior temporal lobectomy (ATLe) in drug-resistant temporal lobe epilepsy. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Often mentioned, but probably one of the least specific findings, is enlargement of the temporal horn of the lateral ventricle 5 . (radiopaedia.org)
  • International workshop on autosomal dominant lateral temporal epilepsy: new concepts and delineation of the syndrome. (columbianeurology.org)
  • however, methodological concerns from combining potentially biased studies have strengthened the call for a randomized controlled trial of SAH versus ATL for treatment of mesial temporal lobe epilepsy. (medscape.com)
  • Included studies measured olfaction using tests of odor identification, discrimination, memory, and detection threshold in patients with different types of epilepsy, including temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE), mixed frontal epilepsy (M-F), and mixed epilepsy (MIX). (springer.com)
  • Both disorders exhibit deficits in executive function and verbal memory suggestive of both frontal and temporal lobe involvement. (frontiersin.org)
  • A previous study found that anterior temporal lobectomy resulted in postoperative seizure freedom in over 60% of patients who were AED-resistant. (contemporaryobgyn.net)
  • Temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) is one of the most common drug-resistant epilepsies among adults. (jle.com)
  • Among patients with epilepsy, the rate of sexual dysfunction is markedly higher in people with temporal lobe epilepsy, particularly on the right, compared to those with extratemporal and primary generalized epilepsies. (contemporaryobgyn.net)
  • For many years temporal lobe resections (TLRs) have been the most frequently used procedure for TLE. (wiley.com)
  • 14] We think that smaller resections in right temporal lobectomy may not cause impairment of musical ability. (c3.hu)
  • This procedure (similar to Wada Test) has provided the opportunity to investigate not only lateralization of language and memory functions on epileptic patients but also offers a functional mapping approach with superior spatial and temporal resolution to analyze the lateralization of musical abilities. (frontiersin.org)
  • It has been recognised most frequently in temporal lobe epilepsy, including Transient Epileptic Amnesia (TEA), but can also be drug-induced. (readbyqxmd.com)
  • Most patients present with complex partial temporal lobe epilepsy . (radiopaedia.org)
  • Anterior temporal lobectomy is the complete removal of the anterior portion of the temporal lobe of the brain. (wikipedia.org)
  • Analisar retrospectivamente uma série de pacientes com epilepsia do lobo temporal (ELT) e esclerose mesial temporal (EMT), bem como correlacionar os padrões de esclerose hipocampal com os dados clínicos e o prognóstico cirúrgico. (scielo.br)
  • Presurgical Functional Transcranial Doppler Sonography (fTCD) with Intravenous Echo Enhancing Agent SonoVue Enables Determination of Language Lateralization in Epilepsy Patients with Poor Temporal Bone Windows Epilepsia. (jove.com)
  • Therefore, ATL is considered the standard of care for patients with medically intractable mesial temporal lobe epilepsy. (wikipedia.org)
  • Data from animal models and from pathologic, electrophysiologic, and structural and functional imaging studies support the contention that most temporal lobe epilepsy arises from mesial temporal structures. (medscape.com)
  • In 1958, Niemeyer reported such a procedure, using a small incision in the middle temporal gyrus to access the temporal horn and selectively resect mesial temporal structures. (medscape.com)
  • In recent surgery, the extent of removal of the temporal lobe has been smaller than that in previous studies, sparing the posterior temporal lobe. (c3.hu)
  • According to the Ebersole's classification based on the pattern of spike source localization and orientation, three patients were classified to posterior temporal vertical type, one anterior temporal horizontal type, and one anterior temporal vertical type. (eurekamag.com)
  • What are the functions of the anterior and posterior cingulate cortex? (brainscape.com)
  • Activity in bilateral anterior hippocampal formation showed a strong increase the closer the start position was to the goal, together with medial prefrontal, medial and posterior parietal cortices. (jneurosci.org)
  • RESULTS: ROI analyses showed no significant changes in connectivity between regions of the DMN following treatment, with a relatively small increase in the anterior-posterior connectivity of the network. (bvsalud.org)
  • Comparison of cognitive function in both disorders may indicate temporal lobe mediated processes relevant to BD. (frontiersin.org)
  • Effects of anterior temporal lobectomy on cognitive function. (springer.com)
  • The effect of right temporal lobe lesions on matching of smells. (springer.com)
  • It has been widely accepted that the right temporal lobe plays a major role in the processing of music. (c3.hu)
  • One of the main lines of evidence was derived from Milner's study, published in 1962, which reported that right temporal lobectomy led to a decline in patient scores on four of the six subtests (Tonal Memory, Timbre, Loudness, and Time subtests) of the Seashore Measures of Musical Talents. (c3.hu)
  • That finding had led some surgeons and patients to hesitate in choosing right temporal lobectomy as a treatment for intractable epilepsy. (c3.hu)
  • The authors examined performance on the Seashore Measures before and after operations in 20 patients with right temporal lobectomy and nine patients with left temporal lobectomy. (c3.hu)
  • These findings indicate that the region resected on right temporal lobectomy in the present study is not essential for basic musical processing. (c3.hu)
  • The right temporal lobe is believed to play a major role in the processing of music. (c3.hu)
  • 12] This evidence has discouraged acceptance of right temporal lobectomy as a treatment for intractable epilepsy. (c3.hu)
  • The first type of right temporal lobectomy was performed in 10 of the 29 patients. (c3.hu)
  • Exner's and basal temporal language areas). (springer.com)
  • The language/semantic region of vATL, namely, the basal temporal language area (BTLA) was defined by 50 Hz electrical stimulation with 5-6 language/semantic tasks. (jnss.org)
  • Finally, spikes progressively built up in the temporal neocortex, which then spread to the rest of the temporal region, as well as to the amygdala, insula, and orbitofrontal cortex. (jle.com)
  • Onset with 1.5 Hz and high-voltage discharges were located in the left neocortical temporal region, and -to a lesser degree- in the amygdala, insula, and orbitofrontal cortex (compare with figure 2 B ). This was followed by low-voltage fast activity in the same electrodes (maximum in the neocortical temporal regions) for two seconds. (jle.com)