The space in the eye, filled with aqueous humor, bounded anteriorly by the cornea and a small portion of the sclera and posteriorly by a small portion of the ciliary body, the iris, and that part of the crystalline lens which presents through the pupil. (Cline et al., Dictionary of Visual Science, 4th ed, p109)
The most anterior portion of the uveal layer, separating the anterior chamber from the posterior. It consists of two layers - the stroma and the pigmented epithelium. Color of the iris depends on the amount of melanin in the stroma on reflection from the pigmented epithelium.
The clear, watery fluid which fills the anterior and posterior chambers of the eye. It has a refractive index lower than the crystalline lens, which it surrounds, and is involved in the metabolism of the cornea and the crystalline lens. (Cline et al., Dictionary of Visual Science, 4th ed, p319)
The front third of the eyeball that includes the structures between the front surface of the cornea and the front of the VITREOUS BODY.
Examination of the angle of the anterior chamber of the eye with a specialized optical instrument (gonioscope) or a contact prism lens.
A form of glaucoma in which the intraocular pressure increases because the angle of the anterior chamber is blocked and the aqueous humor cannot drain from the anterior chamber.
The pressure of the fluids in the eye.
A porelike structure surrounding the entire circumference of the anterior chamber through which aqueous humor circulates to the canal of Schlemm.
The transparent anterior portion of the fibrous coat of the eye consisting of five layers: stratified squamous CORNEAL EPITHELIUM; BOWMAN MEMBRANE; CORNEAL STROMA; DESCEMET MEMBRANE; and mesenchymal CORNEAL ENDOTHELIUM. It serves as the first refracting medium of the eye. It is structurally continuous with the SCLERA, avascular, receiving its nourishment by permeation through spaces between the lamellae, and is innervated by the ophthalmic division of the TRIGEMINAL NERVE via the ciliary nerves and those of the surrounding conjunctiva which together form plexuses. (Cline et al., Dictionary of Visual Science, 4th ed)
The removal of a cataractous CRYSTALLINE LENS from the eye.
The organ of sight constituting a pair of globular organs made up of a three-layered roughly spherical structure specialized for receiving and responding to light.
Diseases, dysfunctions, or disorders of or located in the iris.
A ring of tissue extending from the scleral spur to the ora serrata of the RETINA. It consists of the uveal portion and the epithelial portion. The ciliary muscle is in the uveal portion and the ciliary processes are in the epithelial portion.
The white, opaque, fibrous, outer tunic of the eyeball, covering it entirely excepting the segment covered anteriorly by the cornea. It is essentially avascular but contains apertures for vessels, lymphatics, and nerves. It receives the tendons of insertion of the extraocular muscles and at the corneoscleral junction contains the canal of Schlemm. (From Cline et al., Dictionary of Visual Science, 4th ed)
The use of statistical and mathematical methods to analyze biological observations and phenomena.
Insertion of an artificial lens to replace the natural CRYSTALLINE LENS after CATARACT EXTRACTION or to supplement the natural lens which is left in place.
Inflammation of the anterior uvea comprising the iris, angle structures, and the ciliary body. Manifestations of this disorder include ciliary injection, exudation into the anterior chamber, iris changes, and adhesions between the iris and lens (posterior synechiae). Intraocular pressure may be increased or reduced.
Bleeding in the anterior chamber of the eye.
A scientific tool based on ULTRASONOGRAPHY and used not only for the observation of microstructure in metalwork but also in living tissue. In biomedical application, the acoustic propagation speed in normal and abnormal tissues can be quantified to distinguish their tissue elasticity and other properties.
Artificial implanted lenses.
An ocular disease, occurring in many forms, having as its primary characteristics an unstable or a sustained increase in the intraocular pressure which the eye cannot withstand without damage to its structure or impairment of its function. The consequences of the increased pressure may be manifested in a variety of symptoms, depending upon type and severity, such as excavation of the optic disk, hardness of the eyeball, corneal anesthesia, reduced visual acuity, seeing of colored halos around lights, disturbed dark adaptation, visual field defects, and headaches. (Dictionary of Visual Science, 4th ed)
A procedure for removal of the crystalline lens in cataract surgery in which an anterior capsulectomy is performed by means of a needle inserted through a small incision at the temporal limbus, allowing the lens contents to fall through the dilated pupil into the anterior chamber where they are broken up by the use of ultrasound and aspirated out of the eye through the incision. (Cline, et al., Dictionary of Visual Science, 4th ed & In Focus 1993;1(1):1)
An excessive amount of fluid in the cornea due to damage of the epithelium or endothelium causing decreased visual acuity.
Measurement of light given off by fluorescein in order to assess the integrity of various ocular barriers. The method is used to investigate the blood-aqueous barrier, blood-retinal barrier, aqueous flow measurements, corneal endothelial permeability, and tear flow dynamics.
Suppurative inflammation of the tissues of the internal structures of the eye frequently associated with an infection.
Single layer of large flattened cells covering the surface of the cornea.
Diseases affecting the eye.
Tumors or cancer of the EYE.
The transparent, semigelatinous substance that fills the cavity behind the CRYSTALLINE LENS of the EYE and in front of the RETINA. It is contained in a thin hyaloid membrane and forms about four fifths of the optic globe.
The selectively permeable barrier, in the EYE, formed by the nonpigmented layer of the EPITHELIUM of the CILIARY BODY, and the ENDOTHELIUM of the BLOOD VESSELS of the IRIS. TIGHT JUNCTIONS joining adjacent cells keep the barrier between cells continuous.
Surgical removal of a section of the iris.
Incomplete rupture of the zonule with the displaced lens remaining behind the pupil. In dislocation, or complete rupture, the lens is displaced forward into the anterior chamber or backward into the vitreous body. When congenital, this condition is known as ECTOPIA LENTIS.
A transparent, biconvex structure of the EYE, enclosed in a capsule and situated behind the IRIS and in front of the vitreous humor (VITREOUS BODY). It is slightly overlapped at its margin by the ciliary processes. Adaptation by the CILIARY BODY is crucial for OCULAR ACCOMMODATION.
Refraction of LIGHT effected by the media of the EYE.
The pigmented vascular coat of the eyeball, consisting of the CHOROID; CILIARY BODY; and IRIS, which are continuous with each other. (Cline et al., Dictionary of Visual Science, 4th ed)
Inflammation of the iris characterized by circumcorneal injection, aqueous flare, keratotic precipitates, and constricted and sluggish pupil along with discoloration of the iris.
Introduction of substances into the body using a needle and syringe.
A layer of the cornea. It is the basal lamina of the CORNEAL ENDOTHELIUM (from which it is secreted) separating it from the CORNEAL STROMA. It is a homogeneous structure composed of fine collagenous filaments, and slowly increases in thickness with age.
A procedure in which fluid is withdrawn from a body cavity or organ via a trocar and cannula, needle, or other hollow instrument.
The distance between the anterior and posterior poles of the eye, measured either by ULTRASONOGRAPHY or by partial coherence interferometry.
Partial or total replacement of the CORNEA from one human or animal to another.
Mild to severe infections of the eye and its adjacent structures (adnexa) by adult or larval protozoan or metazoan parasites.
Deviations from the average or standard indices of refraction of the eye through its dioptric or refractive apparatus.
Measurement of ocular tension (INTRAOCULAR PRESSURE) with a tonometer. (Cline, et al., Dictionary of Visual Science, 4th ed)
The surgical removal of the eyeball leaving the eye muscles and remaining orbital contents intact.
Sterile solutions that are intended for instillation into the eye. It does not include solutions for cleaning eyeglasses or CONTACT LENS SOLUTIONS.
An imaging method using LASERS that is used for mapping subsurface structure. When a reflective site in the sample is at the same optical path length (coherence) as the reference mirror, the detector observes interference fringes.
Substances that display the physical properties of ELASTICITY and VISCOSITY. The dual-nature of these substances causes them to resist applied forces in a time-dependent manner.
Clarity or sharpness of OCULAR VISION or the ability of the eye to see fine details. Visual acuity depends on the functions of RETINA, neuronal transmission, and the interpretative ability of the brain. Normal visual acuity is expressed as 20/20 indicating that one can see at 20 feet what should normally be seen at that distance. Visual acuity can also be influenced by brightness, color, and contrast.
Inflammation of part or all of the uvea, the middle (vascular) tunic of the eye, and commonly involving the other tunics (sclera and cornea, and the retina). (Dorland, 27th ed)
Diseases of the uvea.
A refractive error in which rays of light entering the EYE parallel to the optic axis are brought to a focus in front of the RETINA when accommodation (ACCOMMODATION, OCULAR) is relaxed. This results from an overly curved CORNEA or from the eyeball being too long from front to back. It is also called nearsightedness.
Any surgical procedure for treatment of glaucoma by means of puncture or reshaping of the trabecular meshwork. It includes goniotomy, trabeculectomy, and laser perforation.
Diseases of the cornea.
Devices used in a technique by which cells or tissues are grown in vitro or, by implantation, in vivo within chambers permeable to diffusion of solutes across the chamber walls. The chambers are used for studies of drug effects, osmotic responses, cytogenic and immunologic phenomena, metabolism, etc., and include tissue cages.
The aperture in the iris through which light passes.
Infections in the inner or external eye caused by microorganisms belonging to several families of bacteria. Some of the more common genera found are Haemophilus, Neisseria, Staphylococcus, Streptococcus, and Chlamydia.
Abnormally low intraocular pressure often related to chronic inflammation (uveitis).
The use of photothermal effects of LASERS to coagulate, incise, vaporize, resect, dissect, or resurface tissue.
A refractive error in which rays of light entering the eye parallel to the optic axis are brought to a focus behind the retina, as a result of the eyeball being too short from front to back. It is also called farsightedness because the near point is more distant than it is in emmetropia with an equal amplitude of accommodation. (Dorland, 27th ed)
Methods and procedures for the diagnosis of diseases of the eye or of vision disorders.
The thin noncellular outer covering of the CRYSTALLINE LENS composed mainly of COLLAGEN TYPE IV and GLYCOSAMINOGLYCANS. It is secreted by the embryonic anterior and posterior epithelium. The embryonic posterior epithelium later disappears.
Presence of an intraocular lens after cataract extraction.
An increased reactivity to specific antigens mediated not by antibodies but by cells.
Disorder occurring in the central or peripheral area of the cornea. The usual degree of transparency becomes relatively opaque.
Agents that dilate the pupil. They may be either sympathomimetics or parasympatholytics.
Partial or complete opacity on or in the lens or capsule of one or both eyes, impairing vision or causing blindness. The many kinds of cataract are classified by their morphology (size, shape, location) or etiology (cause and time of occurrence). (Dorland, 27th ed)
Inflammation of the RETINA. It is rarely limited to the retina, but is commonly associated with diseases of the choroid (CHORIORETINITIS) and of the OPTIC DISK (neuroretinitis).
Congenital absence of or defects in structures of the eye; may also be hereditary.
A form of secondary glaucoma which develops as a consequence of another ocular disease and is attributed to the forming of new vessels in the angle of the anterior chamber.
Measurement of distances or movements by means of the phenomena caused by the interference of two rays of light (optical interferometry) or of sound (acoustic interferometry).
The species Oryctolagus cuniculus, in the family Leporidae, order LAGOMORPHA. Rabbits are born in burrows, furless, and with eyes and ears closed. In contrast with HARES, rabbits have 22 chromosome pairs.
A condition in which the intraocular pressure is elevated above normal and which may lead to glaucoma.
Processes and properties of the EYE as a whole or of any of its parts.
The measurement of curvature and shape of the anterior surface of the cornea using techniques such as keratometry, keratoscopy, photokeratoscopy, profile photography, computer-assisted image processing and videokeratography. This measurement is often applied in the fitting of contact lenses and in diagnosing corneal diseases or corneal changes including keratoconus, which occur after keratotomy and keratoplasty.
Damage or trauma inflicted to the eye by external means. The concept includes both surface injuries and intraocular injuries.
Infections of the eye caused by minute intracellular agents. These infections may lead to severe inflammation in various parts of the eye - conjunctiva, iris, eyelids, etc. Several viruses have been identified as the causative agents. Among these are Herpesvirus, Adenovirus, Poxvirus, and Myxovirus.
Surgical formation of an external opening in the sclera, primarily in the treatment of glaucoma.
Glaucoma in which the angle of the anterior chamber is open and the trabecular meshwork does not encroach on the base of the iris.
Removal of the whole or part of the vitreous body in treating endophthalmitis, diabetic retinopathy, retinal detachment, intraocular foreign bodies, and some types of glaucoma.
Loss of CORNEAL ENDOTHELIUM usually following intraocular surgery (e.g., cataract surgery) or due to FUCHS' ENDOTHELIAL DYSTROPHY; ANGLE-CLOSURE GLAUCOMA; IRITIS; or aging.
Intraocular hemorrhage from the vessels of various tissues of the eye.
A species of the genus MACACA which typically lives near the coast in tidal creeks and mangrove swamps primarily on the islands of the Malay peninsula.
A slowly hydrolyzed muscarinic agonist with no nicotinic effects. Pilocarpine is used as a miotic and in the treatment of glaucoma.
One of the MUSCARINIC ANTAGONISTS with pharmacologic action similar to ATROPINE and used mainly as an ophthalmic parasympatholytic or mydriatic.
Surgery performed on the eye or any of its parts.
An alpha-adrenergic blocking agent that is used in Raynaud's disease. It is also used locally in the eye to reverse the mydriasis caused by phenylephrine and other sympathomimetic agents. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1312)
Experimental devices used in inhalation studies in which a person or animal is either partially or completely immersed in a chemically controlled atmosphere.
Method of making images on a sensitized surface by exposure to light or other radiant energy.
Transmission of gene defects or chromosomal aberrations/abnormalities which are expressed in extreme variation in the structure or function of the eye. These may be evident at birth, but may be manifested later with progression of the disorder.
Acute or chronic inflammation of the iris and ciliary body characterized by exudates into the anterior chamber, discoloration of the iris, and constricted, sluggish pupil. Symptoms include radiating pain, photophobia, lacrimation, and interference with vision.
The making of a continuous circular tear in the anterior capsule during cataract surgery in order to allow expression or phacoemulsification of the nucleus of the lens. (Dorland, 28th ed)
Agents causing contraction of the pupil of the eye. Some sources use the term miotics only for the parasympathomimetics but any drug used to induce miosis is included here.
The back two-thirds of the eye that includes the anterior hyaloid membrane and all of the optical structures behind it: the VITREOUS HUMOR; RETINA; CHOROID; and OPTIC NERVE.
Absence of the crystalline lens resulting from cataract extraction.
A phthalic indicator dye that appears yellow-green in normal tear film and bright green in a more alkaline medium such as the aqueous humor.
A parasympatholytic anticholinergic used solely to obtain mydriasis or cycloplegia.
The core of the crystalline lens, surrounded by the cortex.
Inanimate objects that become enclosed in the eye.
Deeply perforating or puncturing type intraocular injuries.
Conditions which affect the structure or function of the pupil of the eye, including disorders of innervation to the pupillary constrictor or dilator muscles, and disorders of pupillary reflexes.
Partial or total replacement of all layers of a central portion of the cornea.
Organic siloxanes which are polymerized to the oily stage. The oils have low surface tension and density less than 1. They are used in industrial applications and in the treatment of retinal detachment, complicated by proliferative vitreoretinopathy.
A family of spiro(isobenzofuran-1(3H),9'-(9H)xanthen)-3-one derivatives. These are used as dyes, as indicators for various metals, and as fluorescent labels in immunoassays.
Tumors of the iris characterized by increased pigmentation of melanocytes. Iris nevi are composed of proliferated melanocytes and are associated with neurofibromatosis and malignant melanoma of the choroid and ciliary body. Malignant melanoma of the iris often originates from preexisting nevi.
Congenital or developmental anomaly in which the eyeballs are abnormally small.
The mucous membrane that covers the posterior surface of the eyelids and the anterior pericorneal surface of the eyeball.
Inflammation of the cornea.
The application of drug preparations to the surfaces of the body, especially the skin (ADMINISTRATION, CUTANEOUS) or mucous membranes. This method of treatment is used to avoid systemic side effects when high doses are required at a localized area or as an alternative systemic administration route, to avoid hepatic processing for example.
A surgical procedure used in treatment of glaucoma in which an opening is created through which aqueous fluid may pass from the anterior chamber into a sac created beneath the conjunctiva, thus lowering the pressure within the eye. (Hoffman, Pocket Glossary of Ophthalmologic Terminology, 1989)
The protrusion of an organ or part of an organ into a natural or artificial orifice.
The ten-layered nervous tissue membrane of the eye. It is continuous with the OPTIC NERVE and receives images of external objects and transmits visual impulses to the brain. Its outer surface is in contact with the CHOROID and the inner surface with the VITREOUS BODY. The outer-most layer is pigmented, whereas the inner nine layers are transparent.
The administration of substances into the eye with a hypodermic syringe.
The lamellated connective tissue constituting the thickest layer of the cornea between the Bowman and Descemet membranes.
The dioptric adjustment of the EYE (to attain maximal sharpness of retinal imagery for an object of regard) referring to the ability, to the mechanism, or to the process. Ocular accommodation is the effecting of refractive changes by changes in the shape of the CRYSTALLINE LENS. Loosely, it refers to ocular adjustments for VISION, OCULAR at various distances. (Cline et al., Dictionary of Visual Science, 4th ed)
The theory that human CHARACTER and BEHAVIOR are shaped by the GENES that comprise the individual's GENOTYPE rather than by CULTURE; ENVIRONMENT; and individual choice.
Pathologic processes that affect patients after a surgical procedure. They may or may not be related to the disease for which the surgery was done, and they may or may not be direct results of the surgery.
Measuring and weighing systems and processes.
A surgical specialty concerned with the structure and function of the eye and the medical and surgical treatment of its defects and diseases.
A filarial parasite primarily affecting dogs and cats, but causing an emerging zoonosis in humans involving subcutaneous lesions. It is transmitted by MOSQUITOES.
Lenses, generally made of plastic or silicone, that are implanted into the eye in front of the natural EYE LENS, by the IRIS, to improve VISION, OCULAR. These intraocular lenses are used to supplement the natural lens instead of replacing it.
Mild to fulminant necrotizing vaso-occlusive retinitis associated with a high incidence of retinal detachment and poor vision outcome.
Pupillary constriction. This may result from congenital absence of the dilatator pupillary muscle, defective sympathetic innervation, or irritation of the CONJUNCTIVA or CORNEA.
The washing of a body cavity or surface by flowing water or solution for therapy or diagnosis.
A form of herpetic keratitis characterized by the formation of small vesicles which break down and coalesce to form recurring dendritic ulcers, characteristically irregular, linear, branching, and ending in knoblike extremities. (Dictionary of Visual Science, 3d ed)
Devices, usually incorporating unidirectional valves, which are surgically inserted in the sclera to maintain normal intraocular pressure.
Lasers which use a solid, as opposed to a liquid or gas, as the lasing medium. Common materials used are crystals, such as YAG (YTTRIUM aluminum garnet); alexandrite; and CORUNDUM, doped with a rare earth element such as a NEODYMIUM; ERBIUM; or HOLMIUM. The output is sometimes additionally modified by addition of non-linear optical materials such as potassium titanyl phosphate crystal, which for example is used with neodymium YAG lasers to convert the output light to the visible range.
Application of pharmaceutically active agents on the tissues of the EYE.
A beta-adrenergic antagonist similar in action to PROPRANOLOL. The levo-isomer is the more active. Timolol has been proposed as an antihypertensive, antiarrhythmic, antiangina, and antiglaucoma agent. It is also used in the treatment of MIGRAINE DISORDERS and tremor.
Any fluid-filled closed cavity or sac that is lined by an EPITHELIUM. Cysts can be of normal, abnormal, non-neoplastic, or neoplastic tissues.
Inflammation of the choroid in which the sensory retina becomes edematous and opaque. The inflammatory cells and exudate may burst through the sensory retina to cloud the vitreous body.
Separation of the inner layers of the retina (neural retina) from the pigment epithelium. Retinal detachment occurs more commonly in men than in women, in eyes with degenerative myopia, in aging and in aphakia. It may occur after an uncomplicated cataract extraction, but it is seen more often if vitreous humor has been lost during surgery. (Dorland, 27th ed; Newell, Ophthalmology: Principles and Concepts, 7th ed, p310-12).

In oculo transplants of myometrium from postpartum guinea pigs fail to support sympathetic reinnervation. (1/841)

Sympathetic nerves to the enlarged fetus-containing region of the uterus undergo degenerative changes during late pregnancy and show slow regrowth after parturition. It is not known whether this unusual response of sympathetic nerves to smooth muscle hypertrophy is due to the sensitivity of short adrenergic neurons to hormonal changes, or whether the nerves respond to changes in the neurotrophic capacity of the target. We have investigated this question using in oculo transplantation. Small pieces of myometrium from the uterine horn of virgin guinea pigs, or from the region previously occupied by the placenta and fetus in postpartum guinea pigs, were transplanted into the anterior eye chamber. After 3 wk in oculo, the pattern of reinnervation of the transplants was assessed on whole mount stretch preparations stained for tyrosine hydroxylase. The histology of the transplants was examined in toluidine blue-stained semithin sections. Myometrial transplants from virgin donors and uterine artery transplants from both virgin and postpartum donors became organotypically reinnervated by sympathetic fibres from the host iris. In contrast, sympathetic nerves did not reinnervate myometrial transplants from postpartum donors, although they approached the transplants and became distributed in the surrounding connective tissue. All transplanted tissues showed a normal histological appearance. Both the myometrium and uterine artery from postpartum donors retained a hypertrophic appearance after 3 wk in oculo. We interpret these results to indicate that the degeneration of sympathetic nerves in late pregnancy, as well as their slow regrowth to the uterus after delivery, may be due to changes in uterine smooth muscle rather than a particular sensitivity of short adrenergic neurons to hormonal changes.  (+info)

Latrunculin-A causes mydriasis and cycloplegia in the cynomolgus monkey. (2/841)

PURPOSE: To determine the effect of latrunculin (LAT)-A, which binds to G-actin and disassembles actin filaments, on the pupil, accommodation, and isolated ciliary muscle (CM) contraction in monkeys. METHODS: Pupil diameter (vernier calipers) and refraction (coincidence refractometry) were measured every 15 minutes from 0.75 to 3.5 hours after topical LAT-A 42 microg (approximately 10 microM in the anterior chamber [AC]). Refraction was measured every 5 minutes from 0.5 to 1.5 hours after intracameral injection of 10 microl of 50 microM LAT-A (approximately 5 microM in AC), with intramuscular infusion of 1.5 mg/kg pilocarpine HCl (PILO) during the first 15 minutes of measurements. Pupil diameter was measured at 1 and 2 hours, and refraction was measured every 5 minutes from 1 to 2 hours, after intravitreal injection of 20 microl of 1.25 mM LAT-A (approximately 10 microM in vitreous), with intramuscular infusion of 1.5 mg/kg PILO during the first 15 minutes of measurements (all after topical 2.5% phenylephrine), and contractile response of isolated CM strips, obtained <1 hour postmortem and mounted in a perfusion apparatus, to 10 microM PILO +/- LAT-A was measured at various concentrations. RESULTS: Topical LAT-A of 42 microg dilated the pupil without affecting refraction. Intracameral LAT-A of 5 microM inhibited miotic and accommodative responses to intramuscular PILO. Intravitreal LAT-A of 10 microM had no effect on accommodative or miotic responses to intramuscular PILO. LAT-A dose-dependently relaxed the PILO-contracted CM by up to 50% at 3 microM in both the longitudinal and circular vectors. CONCLUSIONS: In monkeys, LAT-A causes mydriasis and cycloplegia, perhaps related to its known ability to disrupt the actin microfilament network and consequently to affect cell contractility and adhesion. Effects of LAT-A on the iris and CM may have significant physiological and clinical implications.  (+info)

Effect of pilocarpine on visual acuity and on the dimensions of the cornea and anterior chamber. (3/841)

The effect of pilocarpine on visual acuity and on the dimensions of the cornea, anterior chamber, and lens were studied in two groups of subjects. Significant changes in ocular tension, corneal curvature, anterior chamber depth, and lens anterior radius were found in a group of 55 glaucomatous eyes as a result of pilocarpine treatment, but there was no change in corneal thickness. Out of 102 glaucomatous eyes 78 became relatively myopic, and this appears to be due to changes in the dimensions of the lens of the eye similar to those occurring in accommodation, as a result of the effect of the drug on the ciliary muscle. The effect of pilocarpine on anterior chamber depth, area, and volume was studied in 125 eyes using a photographic method, and a significant reduction in the dimensions of the anterior chamber was observed as a result of the administration of pilocarpine. A significant correlation between depth and volume was also noted and the implications of this are discussed.  (+info)

Lens extraction with ultrasound. Experiments in rabbits. (4/841)

The extraction of the rabbit lens is described using a 25 G irrigating needle and a 22 G aspirating needle; at the latter's bevelled tip lens fragmentation occurs due to the longitudinal ultrasonic vibrations generated there--an 'acoustic horn' causes the tip to vibrate with large amplitudes. The use of small needles allows considerable manoeuvrability in the anterior chamber and usually eliminates the need for corneal suturing. Push-pull coupled syringes equate the volume of irrigation with that of aspiration. This procedure makes possible lens extraction through an aperture in the anterior capsule of the rabbit's lens and a similar machine is being constructed for trial on human cataract.  (+info)

Latrunculin-A increases outflow facility in the monkey. (5/841)

PURPOSE: To determine the effect of Latrunculin (LAT)-A, a macrolide that binds to G-actin, which leads to the disassembly of actin filaments, on shape, junctions, and the cytoskeleton of cultured bovine aortic endothelial cells (BAECs) and on outflow facility in living monkeys. METHODS: Latrunculin-A dose-time-response relationships in BAECs were determined by immunofluorescence and phase contrast light microscopy, facility by two-level constant pressure anterior chamber perfusion. RESULTS: In BAECs, LAT-A caused dose- and incubation time- dependent destruction of actin bundles, cell separation, and cell loss. Cell-cell adhesions were more sensitive than focal contacts. Recovery was also dose- and time-dependent. In monkeys, exchange intracameral infusion and topical application of LAT-A induced dose- and time-dependent several-fold facility increases. The facility increase was completely reversed within several hours after drug removal. However, for at least 24 hours after a single topical LAT-A dose, perfusion with drug-free solution caused an accelerated increase in facility beyond that attributed to normal resistance washout. CONCLUSIONS: Pharmacological disorganization of the actin cytoskeleton in the trabecular meshwork by specific actin inhibitors like LAT-A may be a useful antiglaucoma strategy.  (+info)

Effect of staurosporine on outflow facility in monkeys. (6/841)

PURPOSE: To determine the effect of the serine-threonine kinase inhibitor staurosporine on outflow facility in living monkeys. METHODS: Total outflow facility was determined by two-level constant pressure perfusion of the anterior chamber bilaterally before and after intracameral infusion of staurosporine or vehicle in opposite eyes. RESULTS: Intracameral staurosporine dose-dependently doubled outflow facility, with 0.1 microM, 1 microM, and 10 microM being subthreshold, effective, and maximal doses, respectively. At 50 microM, intracameral staurosporine was less effective than 10 microM on facility and induced corneal toxicity. CONCLUSIONS: The broad-spectrum protein kinase inhibitor staurosporine increases outflow facility in living monkeys, perhaps by affecting the trabecular meshwork cytoskeleton.  (+info)

Epithelial ingrowth of anterior chamber and anterior surface of vitreous. (7/841)

This study is a case report of the histopathologic findings of the anterior chamber epithelial ingrowth in a patient who had penetrating injury in the right eye from an arrow approximately 20 years ago. The patient underwent the enucleation in the right eye due to pthisis bulbi and was fitted with a prosthetic eye. Specimens were prepared from the enucleated right eye for histopathologic observation using hematoxyllin-eosin to be observed under light microscopy. Epithelial ingrowth in the anterior chamber was noted in one layer or multi-layered epithelial cell growth. The ingrowth had spread to the posterior surface of the cornea to the anterior chamber angle, to the iris surface, and to the anterior surface of the vitreous. The finding suggests that epithelial ingrowth could invade even through a perforation site and spread wherever the cells could reach.  (+info)

T cell immunity induced by allogeneic microglia in relation to neuronal retina transplantation. (8/841)

Microglia share a lineage relationship with bone marrow-derived monocytes/macrophages and dendritic cells, and their inclusion in retinal and brain transplants may function as "passenger leukocytes. " In other solid allografts, passenger leukocytes are the primary sources of immunogenicity, triggering alloimmune rejection. We have conducted a series of in vitro and in vivo studies examining the capacity of microglia cultured from forebrain to activate alloreactive T cells and to induce and elicit alloimmunity. Cultured microglia expressed class II MHC molecules and costimulatory molecules (B7-1, B7-2, and CD40), and they secreted IL-12. Cultured microglia injected s.c. into naive recipients induced allospecific delayed hypersensitivity and elicited delayed hypersensitivity directed at alloantigens. Cultured microglia differed from conventional APCs by secreting significant amounts of mature TGF-beta2, but smaller amounts of IL-12. Moreover, while both cultured microglia and conventional APC stimulated T cell proliferation in vitro, microglia directed the responding T cells toward the Th2 pathway in which IL-4, but not IL-2 and IFN-gamma, was secreted. The abilities of microglia to secrete TGF-beta2, to stimulate alloreactive Th2 cells, and to induce anterior chamber associated immune deviation when injected into the eye of naive allogeneic mice suggest that they are not typical passenger leukocytes. The unique functional properties of cultured microglia may account for the capacity of neonatal retinal tissue transplanted into the eye to alter the systemic alloimmune response in a manner that delays, but does not prevent, graft rejection.  (+info)

Purpose: : To utilize Scanning Peripheral Anterior Chamber Depth Analyzer (SPAC) for analyzing anterior chamber depth (ACD) and anterior chamber angle (ACA) changes in five-year follow-up and evaluating factors associated with ACD and ACA changes in glaucoma eyes. Methods: : One hundred and seventy-nine eyes of 179 patients (107 POAG patients and 72 NTG patients) who were followed up for approximately five years from 2003 were recruited. Those subjects with a history of incisional surgery or laser, employing any drugs that may influence the anterior chamber configuration, or secondary types of glaucoma were excluded. The patients underwent a series of ophthalmologic examinations including intraocular pressure measurement (IOP) by Goldmann applanation tonometry, Humphrey static visual filed test, refractive error test, visual acuity test, and general health questionnaire in addition to the ACD, ACA, and central corneal thickness (CCT) measurement by SPAC. Multivariate linear regression was used ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Ocular disease induced in mice by anterior chamber inoculation of herpes simplex virus. AU - Whittum, J. A.. AU - McCulley, James P. AU - Niederkorn, Jerry Y. AU - Streilein, J. W.. PY - 1984. Y1 - 1984. N2 - Herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) inoculated directly into the anterior chamber of the mouse eye induced an acute inflammatory process in both the injected eye and its uninjected (contralateral) counterpart. In the former, a rapid intense inflammatory reaction developed in the anterior segment (cornea, anterior chamber) and anterior portion of the uveal tract (iris and ciliary body). The retina of the injected eye was spared. In contrast, in the uninjected eyes, a delayed massive destructive reaction also developed, but was limited almost exclusively to the posterior segment (vitreous, retina and choroid); retinas of the uninjected eyes were destroyed completely. When HSV-1 was inoculated bilaterally into both anterior chambers, destructive inflammatory responses developed ...
Purpose: While White Leghorn chicken (Gallus gallus domesticus) have been used to study physiological optical properties of the eye and conditions such as myopia, there is a lack of in vivo studies that look at the potential of chicken as a model of ocular hypertension or glaucoma. When advanced imaging techniques are to be used in such models, chicken have an advantage over rodents, having bigger eyes with less optical aberrations. The induction of elevated IOP in chicken via anterior chamber injections of microbeads has thus been investigated.. Methods: Animals of both genders and varying ages (n=15:12-124 days old) were subject to one of 12 combinations of anterior chamber injections of microbeads: magnetic (4.5 µm) or non-magnetic (12 µm) in one or both eyes with saline as a control. Intraocular pressure (IOP) was monitored frequently before and after injections with Tonopen. In 4 out of the 17 animals A-scan ultrasound was used to measure ocular parameters including anterior chamber depth ...
Would you have Narrow anterior chamber angle when you have Vomiting in pregnancy? We study people who have Narrow anterior chamber angle and Vomiting in pregnancy from FDA. Check out who they are, other conditions they have and drugs they take
We evaluated cardiac muscle development in the absence of hemodynamic work load but in the presence of host factors including blood vessels, nerves, and circulating neurohumoral agents by transplanting 12-day fetal rat ventricle into the anterior eye chamber of adult host rats. Implants were studied by electron microscopy at intervals from 1 to 14 weeks in oculo. For comparison with myocardium developing in oculo, 12-day fetal tissue and 3-, 8-, and 28-day-old normally growing rats were also studied. At 1 week in oculo, myofibrils were laterally located and more frequent than in the 12-day fetus. Fibrils had clear Z bands and H bands, but no M bands. At 10 days in oculo (comparable to birth in normally growing animals), myocyte mitoses were present and tritiated thymidine autoradiography revealed many labeled myocyte nuclei. By 5 weeks in oculo, cells were filled with mature myofibrils with clear M bands and lateral connections between adjacent Z bands. However, myofibril bundles sometimes ...
Synonyms for Anterior chamber in Free Thesaurus. Antonyms for Anterior chamber. 18 synonyms for chamber: hall, room, council, assembly, legislature, legislative body, room, bedroom, apartment, enclosure, cubicle, compartment, hollow, cavity. What are synonyms for Anterior chamber?
The administration of antigens into the anterior chamber (AC) of the eye induces a special form of antigen-specific peripheral immune tolerance termed AC-associated immune deviation (ACAID), which prevents delayed-type hypersensitivity (DTH) responses and other inflammatory responses. Type-II collagen (CII) is highly expressed in cartilage tissues and has been linked to Rheumatoid arthritis, aging, and osteoarthritis. To explore the potential for ACAID induction via CII, we checked for different signs of ACAID generation following the AC injection of CII in BALB/c mice. We hypothesized that the mechanism of ACAID induction involves efferent T regulatory cells (Tregs). Both local adoptive transfer (LAT) assays and DTH assays were performed. Results indicated that ACAID induction was driven by the AC injection of CII. Spleen cells of mice injected with CII in the AC significantly suppressed DTH responses. ACAID induction was mediated by efferent Tregs in the spleen. CII-mediated ACAID induction ...
One of the most challenging efforts in drug delivery is the targeting of the eye. The eye structure and barriers render this organ poorly permeable to drugs. Quite recently the entrance of nanoscience in ocular drug delivery has improved the penetration and half-life of drugs, especially in the anterior eye chamber, while targeting the posterior chamber is still an open issue. The retina and the retinal pigment epithelium/choroid tissues, located in the posterior eye chamber, are responsible for the majority of blindness both in childhood and adulthood. In the present study, we used magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) as a nanotool for ocular drug delivery that is capable of specific localization in the retinal pigmented epithelium (RPE) layer. We demonstrate that, following intraocular injection in Xenopus embryos, MNPs localize specifically in RPE where they are retained for several days. The specificity of the localization did not depend on particle size and surface properties of the MNPs used in this work
Beneath the tear film is the cornea, which provides a clear stable structure for the passage of light. The rounded shape of the cornea causes the light rays to bend as they pass through to the anterior chamber. If the cornea is misshapen or becomes cloudy and cannot allow enough light to pass through, then vision is severely hampered.. The anterior chamber is a space between the cornea and the iris (colored part of the eye). It contains fluids that bathe the structures in the front (anterior) part of the eye. If the anterior chamber is too shallow, the iris can move forward and touch the back of the cornea. This abnormal relationship changes the anterior chamber angle (where the cornea and iris meet) and impedes the flow of fluids between the anterior chamber (via the trabecular meshwork in the angle) and the anterior structures. If the fluid cannot enter and exit freely through the trabecular meshwork in the angle, pressure builds up in the eye and glaucoma develops.. In the center of the iris ...
As the damage increases on this central visual nerve, blind spots emerge in your visual field. The reason behind the nerve deterioration is high eye pressure.. The pressure is from increased aqueous humor that draws to your anterior eye chamber. The process takes place via the tissue where cornea and iris meet. Any form of system failure or overproduction of the fluid leads to pressure buildup.. In addition, there are cases where Glaucoma affects families.. This is due to certain gene conditions that are inherited in the family.. There are various types of Glaucoma that include:. • Open Glaucoma, which is common, compared to other conditions.. • Angle-closure Glaucoma or closed-angle Glaucoma. • Children Glaucoma. • Normal-tension Glaucoma. • Pigmentary Glaucoma. ...
As the damage increases on this central visual nerve, blind spots emerge in your visual field. The reason behind the nerve deterioration is high eye pressure.. The pressure is from increased aqueous humor that draws to your anterior eye chamber. The process takes place via the tissue where cornea and iris meet. Any form of system failure or overproduction of the fluid leads to pressure buildup.. In addition, there are cases where Glaucoma affects families.. This is due to certain gene conditions that are inherited in the family.. There are various types of Glaucoma that include:. • Open Glaucoma, which is common, compared to other conditions.. • Angle-closure Glaucoma or closed-angle Glaucoma. • Children Glaucoma. • Normal-tension Glaucoma. • Pigmentary Glaucoma. ...
Gruenewald, S.M., Collins, L.T. and Fawdry, R.M. (1985) Kidney Depth Measurement and Its Influence on Quantitation of Function from Gamma Camera Renography. Clinical Nuclear Medicine, 6, 398-401.
A three-dimensional image is derived from two-dimensional images. At least one of the two-dimensional images has a predetermined number of pixels. Depth measurements are derived from the two-dimensional images. The number of derived depth measurements is substantially equal to the predetermined number of pixels. The three-dimensional image is derived from the two-dimensional digital images and the depth measurements.
Purpose: To quantify the effects of cataract surgery on the anterior chamber topography in patients with angleclosure glaucoma (PACG), open-angle glaucoma (POAG) and pati..
An irrigation tube that has a relatively high fluidic resistance. The high resistance can be created by providing a relatively long tube. The aspiration tube and an irrigation tube may be coupled to an anterior chamber of a cornea during a phaco procedure. The high resistance of the tube will minimize the instantaneous change of flowrate out of the cornea in the event an occlusion is cleared from the aspiration tube. Minimizing the change in flowrate will tend to insure a higher flowrate from the irrigation line and a positive pressure within the cornea. The aspiration tube may have a plurality of pre-formed coils to minimize the effective length of the tube.
A bifocal lens implanted in the anterior chamber of the eye having an air space in the upper lens edge to position the lens at the upper edge of the pupil in dilated and constricted state.
Methods of treating glaucoma are described including treatment of an eye with a liquid jet. The liquid jet can be generated by a laser-induced liquid jet instrument which is inserted through an incision in an eye. A stent can also be used, the stent having an inflow portion that is in fluid communication with an outflow portion. The stent can be inserted into the eye and transported from the incision through the anterior chamber of the eye toward the trabecular meshwork of the eye. In some embodiments, the stent can be advanced through the anterior chamber of the eye and provide fluid communication between the anterior chamber and Schlemms canal. The method includes infusing fluid into an aqueous cavity and increasing the pressure of the fluid within the aqueous cavity.
Selectable immersion or direct contact A-scan with manual or automatic capture (cataract, dense cataract, aphakic, and pseudophakic modes) Auto calculation of axial length, anterior chamber depth, lens thickness, and vitreous, with axial length average and standard deviation provided for up to 10 scans per exam Nine IOL formulas including standard and post-refractive
The simplest method of assessing ACD is,by shining a pen torch into the patients eye from the temporal canthus such that the pen torch lies in the same plane as the eye. In the case of a deep anterior chamber, the iris lies flat and the whole,iris will be illuminated. In the case of a very shallow anterior chamber the iris lies forward, blocking some of the light and very little of the iris is illuminated.Based on the amount of eye illuminated the ACD can be graded ...
The front part of the eye is filled with a clear fluid called aqueous humor. This fluid is always being made behind the colored part of the eye (the iris). It leaves the eye through channels in the front of the eye in an area called the anterior chamber angle, or simply the angle. Anything that slows or blocks the flow of this fluid out of the eye will cause pressure to build up in the eye. This pressure is called intraocular pressure (IOP). In most cases of glaucoma, this pressure is high and causes damage to the optic nerve. Open-angle (chronic) glaucoma is the most common type of glaucoma. ...
Glaucoma is caused by increased intraocular pressure (IOP) resulting either from a malformation or malfunction of the eyes drainage structure. The eye constantly produces aqueous, the clear fluid that fills the anterior chamber, which is the space between the cornea and iris. The aqueous filters out of the anterior chamber through a complex drainage system. Left untreated, an elevated IOP causes irreversible damage to the optic nerve and retinal fibers resulting in a progressive, permanent loss of vision. However, early detection and treatment can slow, or even halt the progression of the disease. ...
A device for use in a surgical procedure on an eye of a living being, includes a retraction member, destined for insertion into the anterior chamber of the eye. The retraction member has a hook-shaped engagement part for retracting the iris, whereby at least the engagement part of the retraction member is made of a deformable material with shape memory. Thus, the retraction member is insertable into the anterior chamber with the engagement part exhibiting a substantially straight configuration, and subsequently the engagement part is able to recover its original hook-shaped configuration as a consequence of its material characteristics.
Oculo and tamiflu - Secure Payments. Check Quality Every Order!. Delivery to Your Home - from 3 to 14 Days. We deliver orders to 120 Countries.
I used Klonk Image Measurement as a solution to measure poly lines in the roots of (Arabidopsis thaliana) plants for a stress experiment where different things like salt were introduced and the growth was recorded ect. They grown vertically in an agarose gel medium in a petri dish and I needed a depth measurement and looked for something more precise than a standard linear metric ruler. I was able to scan the petri dishes with the plants sealed inside for an accurate measurement while maintaining a sterile environment, over the entire growth cycle open the image in Klonk, then measure at my convenience. Then that data was plugged into excel and graphed for comparison to the control for growth of the roots. I was working as an intern volunteer for a genetics research lab at University of New Mexico, (with PhD Olga Pontes team), small interfering RNA (siRNA) directing DNA methylation, (switching sections of the DNA on and off) relating to cancer research in animals and drought resistant ...
The laser triangulation probe conveniently obtains surface topography data of a measured target. However, compared to the touch probe, its reliability and accuracy can be negatively affected by various factors associated with the object being measured and the probe itself. In this paper, to identify potential compensation strategies to improve the accuracy of depth measurement for laser triangulation probe, the measuring errors caused by an oil film on the measured surface, and the probe’s position and orientation parameters with respect to the measuring object (including scan depth, incident angle, and azimuth angle), were studied. A theoretical model based on the geometrical optics, and an empirical model from the error evaluations, were established to quantitatively characterize the error influence of oil film and probe’s parameters, respectively. We also investigated the influence pattern of different filtering methods with several comparison experiments. The verification procedures,
Ivan Bozovic of Brookhaven (and Yale) gave a very compelling talk about high temperature superconductors, specifically LSCO, based on having grown thousands of extremely high quality (as assessed by the width of the transition in penetration depth measurements) epitaxial films of varying doping concentrations. Often people assert that the cuprates, when overdoped, basically become more conventional BCS superconductors with a Fermi liquid normal state. Bozovic presents very convincing evidence (from pretty much the data alone, without complex models for interpretation) that shows this is not right - that instead these materials are weird even in the overdoped regime, with systematic property variations that dont look much like conventional superconductors at all. In the second part of his talk, he showed clear transport evidence for electronic anisotropy in the normal state of LSCO over the phase diagram, with preferred axes in the plane that vary with temperature and dont necessarily align ...
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This classic Goldmann type lens has three mirrors angled at 59°, 67° and 73° to permit viewing of the fundus and anterior chamber.
Flexboy ®2D Bags are available in bag chamber volumes between 5 mL and 50 L. They are supplied sterile and ready to use for an easy and convenient process...
SaltyBuddhas IM10 Fuge Mod Currently cycling an IM10 fusion, and I added a little fuge mod the the rear chambers. My plan for the tank is to keep it as natural as possible. I dont want to run too many chemicals or any kind of skimmer. Although, I will be using Renew from seachem to help with water clarity. I opted for this instead of carbon due to any phosphate leak possibilities. Basically, the second chamber that has the fuge option was pretty small. Anything that I have seen recommends to have at least 20% of the DT area for the fuge. I ended up removing the wall between the 3rd and 2nd chamber and moved it closer to the 1st chamber. Opening up more room for the 3rd chamber. Biggest issue now, is that I am keeping chaeto in the same area as the return pump. I could have made the 2nd chamber larger, but the IM10 has that weird bottom chamber to increase the volume size of the 3rd chamber. I initially wanted to get rid of that bottom chamber, but it would have been pretty difficult to remove ...
Alibaba.com offers 675 transfer chamber products. About 2% of these are testing equipment, 1% are filter press equipment, and 1% are cold room. A wide variety of transfer chamber options are available to you, such as universal testing machine, process testing machine, and auto testing machine.
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Methods 60 Chinese and 60 Caucasians, 30 with open angles and 30 with narrow angles (defined as Shaffer grade ≤2 in ≥3 quadrants during dark room gonioscopy) in each group, were consecutively enrolled. One eye of each subject was randomly selected for imaging in a completely darkened room. Measurements, including anterior chamber depth (ACD), scleral spur-to-scleral spur distance (anterior chamber width (ACW)), anterior chamber angle width, iris convexity and iris thickness, were compared between the groups. The associations between angle opening distance and biometric measurements were evaluated with univariate and multivariate regression analyses. ...
CHAPTER 6. DIAGNOSES OF THE ANTERIOR CHAMBER ANGLE STRUCTURES, AND CILIARY BODY (95 pages) Description: A comprehensive discussion of the primary care diagnosis, management and follow-up of all the major conditions of the anterior chamber, angle structures and ciliary body. Each condition is covered with background information and the SOAP (subjective, objective, assessment and plan) examination approach. Course Outline: Anterior Chamber and Aqueous Humor Review of Clinical Anatomy I. Background Information on Uveitis A. Definition B. Classification C. Incidence and Prevalence of Uveitis (How Much?) D. Epidemiology and Demography (Who, When, and Where?) E. Etiology II. Primary Care of Acute Anterior Uveitis A. Subjective B. Objective C. Assessment D. Plan E. Follow-u III. Chronic Anterior Uveitis A. General Considerations B. Clinical Medicine C. Specific Diseases 1. Ankylosing Spondylitis 2. Behcet\s Syndrome 3. Crohn\s Disease (Regional Enteritis) 4. Fuch\s Heterochomic
TY - JOUR. T1 - Analysis of antibody production induced by allogeneic tumor cells inoculated into the anterior chamber of the eye. AU - Niederkorn, J. Y.. AU - Streilein, J. W.. N1 - Copyright: Copyright 2017 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.. PY - 1982/6. Y1 - 1982/6. N2 - Humoral immune responses to alloantigens on P815 mastocytoma cells placed into the anterior chamber of murine eyes were studied. The results show that: (1) the amount of specific serum antibody produced by recipients of intracamerally injected P815 cells is directly proportional to the degree of immunogenetic disparity between the recipient and the injected cells; (2) destruction of allogeneic intraocular tumors is mediated, at least in part, by specific antibodies; and (3) retention of allogeneic tissue within the anterior chamber for 3 to 4 days after inoculation is essential to the elicitation of specific antibody formation. We conclude that alloantigens introduced into the anterior chamber are presented to the systemic ...
Twenty-eight fresh donor eyes (Georgia Lions Eye Bank) ranging in age from four months to 87 years were used for an in vitro study to determine the feasibility of obtaining accurate anterior chamber diameter measurements with our Scheimpflug ultraviolet-visible slitlamp densitography apparatus. The in vivo study was performed on 16 hybrid monkeys (of varying age). These data were within 0.1 mm of measurements obtained with a modified paracentesis needle specially designed to obtain such measurements. The results of the foregoing study demonstrate that the Scheimpflug slitlamp photographic analyses can provide an accurate measurement of the anterior chamber diameter without entering the globe surgically. This will enable the surgeon to determine the diameter and order an anterior chamber IOL of a specified size prior to surgery. The authors have devised an automated program to analyze the negatives and provide direct anterior chamber diameter measurements. ...
Abstract: Purpose: To compare the accuracy of the Hoffer Q and Haigis formulae according to the anterior chamber depth (ACD) in cases of short axial length (AL).Design: Retrospective cross-sectional studyMethods: A total of 75 eyes from 75 patients with an AL of less than 22.0 mm implanted with an Acrysof IQ intraocular lens (IOL) were enrolled. The median absolute errors (MedAEs) predicted by the Hoffer Q and Haigis formulae were compared. The correlations between ACD and the predicted refractive error calculated using the two formulae were analyzed.Results: There were no significant differences in the MedAEs predicted by the Hoffer Q (Read more...) Full Story →. ...
The eye is a classic example of an immunologically privileged organ. Immune privilege in the anterior chamber is a multifaceted phenomenon that may have evolved to protect delicate ocular tissues from immune-mediated damage. The anterior chamber of the eye is lined with corneal endothelial cells, which are terminally differentiated cells that are incapable of regeneration. Since corneal endothelial cells are crucial for maintaining corneal clarity, damage to these cells leads to impairment of vision and, in some cases, blindness. The absence of constitutive expression of MHC class I molecules on corneal endothelial cells makes them potential targets for NK cell-mediated cytolysis. The aqueous humor (AH) that fills the anterior chamber of the eye and bathes the corneal endothelial surface contains numerous immunomodulatory molecules, such as TGF-beta, which may protect the corneal endothelium from NK cell-mediated damage. Functionally significant levels of TGF-beta are present in AH. In this ...
The longer the mean axial length in both eyes, the greater the differences in axial length, mean keratometry, anterior chamber depth, and corneal astigmatism in both eyes. This outcome is assumed to be attributable to the difference in axial length. It was observed that the longer the axial length in one eye, the deeper the anterior chamber depth, and the flatter the mean keratometry value, the greater the corneal astigmatism. The anterior chamber depth was shallower and the mean keratometry value increased with increasing age, whereas corneal astigmatism tended to decrease until the patients were in their sixth decade, but increased afterward ...
Results Asymmetry of axial length, corneal power, vitreous chamber depth, anterior chamber depth, lens thickness and lens power were significantly more among participants who were anisometropic than those who were non-anisometropic. The correlation of anisometropia with axial length asymmetry was 0.735, 0.273 with corneal power, 0.183 with anterior chamber depth and 0.311 with lens power (p,0.001). In a multiple linear regression model, anisometropia was found to have significant associations with axial length asymmetry (standard coefficient (SC)=0.905), corneal power asymmetry (SC=0.350), lens power asymmetry (SC=0.454), nuclear opacity asymmetry (SC=0.074) and age (SC=0.28) (R2=85.1%). According to the linear regression model, corneal power had the strongest association with anisoastigmatism.. ...
Manufacturer, Exporter, Supplier & Trading Company of Anterior Chamber Maintainer in Delhi, India. You can easily buy anterior chamber maintainer online.
These results support morphogenic mechanisms involving organization of cellular and extracellular matrix components without cell death or atrophy.
Figure 1: Effect of Reformation of the Anterior Chamber by Air or by a Balanced Salt Solution (BSS) on Corneal Endothelium after Phacoemulsification: A Comparative Study
Measuring Anterior Chamber Inflammation After Cataract Surgery: A Review of the Literature Focusing on the Correlation with Cystoid Macular Edema
The swim bladder of bony fish is evolutionary homologous to the lung (Zheng et al., 2011). The teleost swim bladder is a gas-filled structure that consists of two chambers, the posterior and anterior chamber. In zebrafish, the posterior chamber inflates around 96 h post fertilization (hpf) which is 2 days post hatch, and the anterior chamber inflates around 21 dpf. In fathead minnow, the posterior and anterior chamber inflate around 6 and 14 dpf respectively. The posterior chamber is formed from a bud originating from the foregut endoderm (Winata et al., 2009). The posterior chamber operates as a hydrostatic organ. The volume of gas in the adult swim bladder is continuously adjusted to regulate body density and buoyancy. Many amphibians and frogs go through an embryo-larval transition phase marking the switch from endogenous feeding (from the yolk) to exogenous feeding. In zebrafish, embryonic-to-larval transition takes place around 96 hours post fertilization (hpf). As in amphibians, the ...
Caprogel Overview Caprogel is a topical gel formulation of amniocaproic acid for the treatment of hyphema. In May 2002, we acquired worldwide marketing rights for Caprogel under a license agreement with Eastern Virginia Medical School. Hyphema Hyphema is a term used to describe bleeding in the anterior chamber, the space between the cornea and the iris, of the eye. It occurs when blood vessels in the iris bleed and leak into the clear aqueous fluid and typically results from trauma to the eye. Hyphemas are usually characterized by pooling of blood in the anterior chamber that may be visible to the naked eye. Some of the symptoms of hyphema are decreased vision, depending on the amount of blood in the eye, pooling of blood in the anterior chamber and elevated intraocular pressure. The treatment is dependent on the cause and severity of the hyphema. Frequently, the blood is reabsorbed over a period of days to weeks. During this time, the doctor will carefully monitor the intraocular pressure for ...
143 eyes of 83 patients who scheduled to undergo cataract surgery were measured to evaluate the axial length (AL), anterior chamber depth (ACD), and anterior corneal radius of curvature (Rav) with three devices. Central corneal thickness and lens thickness measured with two SS-OCT based optical biometry were also compared. SRK/T formulas were used to calculate intraocular lens (IOL) power. The agreement was analyzed by the Bland-Altman method. Difference between predicted refractive error and postoperative refractive error were calculated for evaluating accuracy of predicted refraction error of each biometer ...
Description: A form of glaucoma in which the intraocular pressure increases because the angle of the anterior chamber is blocked and the aqueous humor cannot drain from the anterior chamber ...
Introduction: The purpose was to investigate the clinical and tonometric alterations in glaucomatous dogs treated with intravitreal uveal ablation. Material and Methods: It was evaluated 13 canine eyes of dogs who were examined on the Ophthalmology Service of Veterinary Hospital in the University of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science-UNESP-Botucatu, presenting unilateral chronic glaucoma with irreversible blindness. After general anesthesia, the sick eyes of the dogs was submitted to intravitreal uveal ablation, through vitreous chamber injection of 0,5ml of gentamicin sulfate solution (40mg/ml) associated with 0,3ml of dexamethasone dissodic phosphate (4mg/ml). All dogs were evaluated across scores varying of 0 to 3, indicating absent, discreet, moderate and intense, respectively, to evaluation of following clinical signs: secretion, conjunctival hiperemy, corneal edema, quemosis, blepharospasms, hifema, neovascularization, pigmentation and pannus. Scores varying of 0 to 2, indicating ...
The ArcScan Insight® 100 scanner is a precision high frequency ultrasound device for imaging and biometry of the eye. It uses core proprietary technology that originally developed in cooperation with Columbia/Weill University. A mechanically controlled 50 MHz transducer scans the eye in an arc shaped motion whereby its curvature approximates the anterior ocular surface.. During this process the device produces images with 1 micron resolution of the cornea or the anterior segment. In addition, measurements can also be made of the anatomic structures comprising the anterior of the eye such as anterior chamber depth, angle-to-angle width, and sulcus-to-sulcus width, and pathologic structures, such as solid masses and cysts.. Designed for functional efficiency and ease of use, the system is comprised of four main components: the ArcScan Insight® 100 Scanner, the Insight software package, the fluidics module and the electronics unit.. Anterior Segment imaging and biometry. ANTERIOR SEGMENT IMAGING ...
Complications related to the injection procedure of Ozurdex® were particularly misplacements of the implant. In one case, the implant was stuck in the sclera due to early retraction of the needle while injecting. One eye was treated twice by mistake. Post-injectional displacement of the implant was noted under certain risk conditions. Patients after complicated cataract surgery or with special lenses (e.g. iris- or scleral-fixated intraocular lens), an iris defect or vitrectomized pseudophakic patients had a risk for migration of the implant into the anterior chamber (6 cases), with secondary corneal decompensation or resulting in pseudohypopion (2 cases). One patient with an artificial iris and a scleral fixated lens presented with the implant in the posterior chamber and another time in the iridocorneal angle. In one case, the implant split into two parts. One fragment migrated into the anterior chamber, while the other fragment remained in the vitreous. One case with endophthalmitis and four ...
Anterior Chamber, Fluid-filled space inside the eye that is located between the iris and the innermost corneal surface (endothelium).. Choroid, Vascular (major blood vessel) layer of the eye lying between the retina and the sclera. The choroid provides nourishment to outer layers of the retina.. Ciliary Muscle, is a ring of smooth muscle in the eyes vascular layer that controls viewing objects at varying distances and regulates the flow of aqueous humour into Schlemms canal.. Cornea, front part of the eye that is transparent and covers the iris, pupil, and anterior chamber and provides most of an eyes optical power.. Fovea, pit in the central part of the macula that produces sharp vision.. Hyaloid Canal,is a small transparent canal running through the vitreous body from the optic nerve disc to the lens that facilitate changes in the volume of the lens.. Iris, is the circular structure in the eye, responsible for controlling the diameter and size of the pupil and the amount of light reaching ...
Superficial drainage s u s a t i c h reduces manipulation and engorgement of radial vessels of the prostate, 11 with an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors) can both enhance del compuesto clomid pkc activation. The radiation burden is high. Kanno ph, munjack dj. Media calcification and atherosclerosis, it is negative normal absent equal to the sis oncogene rst isolated from primate species but their production responds differently to extracellular cues and internal iliac artery, clearing the throat, with or without surgical intervention for balanoposthitis can reasonably be used for coverage (step 6a and 7b, for available medications for the treatment of hepatitis c and b cells [36]. Saunders company, philadelphia, chapter 18, pp 193-213, 1996. (ii) physiological cup of cooked brown rice or almond milk are nutritious choices in this case, return the bladder with a vertical incision, in contrast to the anterior chamber angle. 15 close both corpora with a bmi of 23 65iu/l, the mean interval ...
The following signs were each graded on a 0 - 3 scale (0 = absent; 1 = mild; 2 = moderate; 3 = severe): posterior synechia, hypopyon, limbal injection, and keratic precipitates. Peripheral synechia was graded by the combined number of clock hours affected (0 = absent; 1 = , 3 hrs; 2 = 3-6 hours; 3 = , 6 hours). The total sign score was calculated as the sum of the 5 individual sign scores, the anterior chamber cell grade and the anterior chamber flare grade. The minimum/best total sign score was 0, and the maximum/worst total sign score was 23 ...
Cohorts of GpnmbR150X/GpnmbR150X Tyrp1b/Tyrp1b mice were aged and analyzed by slit-lamp examination; representative eyes of indicated ages are shown. Each row contains three images of the same eye. The left column shows a broad-beam illumination. The middle column shows transillumination defects. The right column shows the relative dimensions of the anterior chamber. A-C: Until 5 months, double homozygous mutant mouse eyes were indistinguishable from wild type eyes, with a complex iris morphology, not transillumination, and anterior chambers of normal dimension with a closely juxtaposed cornea and iris. D-F: By 6 months, all mutant mouse eyes exhibit a clear phenotype characterized by slight swelling of peripupillary tissue. G-I: In 9 month old eyes, the peripupillary region becomes notably atrophic, transillumination is obvious, and dispersed pigment is present on both the lens and cornea. Beyond this age, a steadily worsening course ensues, which at (J-L) 12 months, (M-O) 14 months, and (P-R) ...
The cornea is the transparent front part of the eye that covers the iris, pupil, and anterior chamber. In humans, the cornea contributes most of the eyes focusing power, its focus is fixed. Cornea, refracts light with the anterior chamber and lens, with the cornea accounting for approximately two-thirds of the eyes total optical power.
If you view the canine eye as similar to a camera you will be able to understand how the organ works. The light will initially pass through the cornea and then through the pupil (the black circle at the centre of the eye - in dogs the pupil is normally brown). The amount of light that is allowed to travel through is controlled by the iris - as the light passes through the size of the pupil will change depending on how much light is allowed through. The light that passes through is then converted by the retina into a nerve signal that will be passed to the brain. However, just before the light is passed through to the brain (as a nerve impulse) the light rays are focused by your dogs lens which is behind the cornea. Just behind the cornea and in front of the lens is an area referred to the anterior chamber. The anterior chamber is filled with a liquid that is produced and drains through another part of the eye referred to as the drainage angle (this is on both sides of the eye) and makes sure ...
Diagnosis Code H21.319 information, including descriptions, synonyms, code edits, diagnostic related groups, ICD-9 conversion and references to the diseases index.
Anterior eye research activities at Aston, including current projects and recent publications in the field of contact lenses, intraocular lenses, ocular biometry and imaging, and accommodation.
An apparatus includes a chamber insert capable of being received by a sample chamber of a conditioning system. The received chamber insert reduces the volume of the sample chamber and defines a cavity
The concept of mechanical barrier was proposed to explain the lack of immune response in organs such as the brain, cornea, testicles and kidneys. We refer to these tissues as immune privileged sites where an immune response represents a dangerous condition for the tissue. Immune privilege sites are also organs or tissues of the body which, when grafted to conventional (nonprivileged) body sites, experience extended or indefinite survival. Whereas foreign grafts placed at nonprivileged sites are rejected promptly. The pregnant uterus is an example of an immune privilege site.. The first reasonable explanation of immune privilege was proposed by Peter Medawar in the late 1940s.3 Medawar proposed that organs such as the anterior chamber of the eye and the brain resided behind blood:tissue barriers. The existence of a mechanical barrier, (in the brain the blood brain barrier [BBB]), prevents the movement of immune cells in and out of the tissue.4 This barrier created a state of immunologic ...
This paper describes a novel method to acquire depth images based on combining a pair of ToF? (Time of Flight) cameras. As opposed to approaches that register point clouds posterior to the image acquisition, we propose to combine the measurements of the two cameras at the acquisition level. To do so, we actively control the infrared lighting of the scene such that the two cameras emit and measure the reflected infrared light first one after the other, and then simultaneously. Assuming the scene is static during these three stages and gathering the obtained depth measurements in each state, we derive a set of constraints that allow us to optimize the two depth images. In terms of hardware requirements, the cameras need to have access to the control of the infrared lights and should work with the same infrared wavelength and with exactly the same modulation frequency. A quantitative evaluation of the performance of the proposed method for different objects and setups is provided based on a ...
The Standard F4 (floating quadcopter) offers a payload capacity of up to 10 lbs (4.5 kg) and is intended to carry fixed sensors and samplers. Initial integrations include an echosounder for water depth measurements and a multi-parameter water quality sonde for taking readings such as temperature, conductivity, pH, and several others. The vehicles modular design is intended to allow for a future iteration with an upgraded propulsion system that effectively doubles the payload capacity. With the optional tether winch the upgraded vehicle will be capable of deploying sensor arrays and other vehicles below the surface for an even more capable data collection tool.. ...
A model human eye is disclosed. The model human eye comprises a extended hemispherical-shaped assembly comprising a center point, an open end defined by a first continuous distal end, a cornea portion symmetrically disposed around the center point, and a sclera portion disposed between the cornea portion and the first continuous distal end. The extended hemispherical-shaped assembly comprises an integral molding. The model human eye further comprises a lenticular bag disposed within the extended hemispherical-shaped assembly. The model human eye further comprises a base comprising a bottom and one or more walls attached to that bottom and extending outwardly therefrom, where the one or more walls comprise a second continuous distal end. The first continuous distal end is attached to the second continuous distal end to define an enclosed space. The lenticular bag separates the enclosed space into an anterior chamber and a posterior chamber.
The Geuder 25-gauge instrument set for intraocular suturing has been developed by Prof Dr Lars-Olof Hattenbach of Ludwigshafen and Geuder. “The new instrument set consists of a 25-gauge micro needle holder and a 25-gauge tying forceps,†said a company spokeswoman. “The hybrid instrument series for the first time facilitates stitching within the anterior chamber via a paracentesis and it is not necessary any longer to have to insert and remove long needles in an uncomfortable way,†she said. www.geuder.com ...
Axial section through an eye of 25 weeks fetus.C = cornea; AC = anterior chamber; PC = posterior chamber; L = lens; M = macula; HV = hyaloid vessels; CB = ciliary bodies. ...
6-Mirror, All-Glass Design 6 closely-aligned mirrors create a panoramic view of the anterior chamber and minimize the need for dynamic gonioscopy Available with a large ring (28.5 mm) 2-position handle (right/left handle) Mirror Angles Image Magnification Laser Spot Size Contact Diameter 6 x 63° 1.0x 1.0x 8.4 mm Ple
Free, official coding info for 2020 ICD-10-CM H21.219 - includes detailed rules, notes, synonyms, ICD-9-CM conversion, index and annotation crosswalks, DRG grouping and more.
Since its introduction in 2002, the OCULUS Pentacam® has proven itself indispensable and has come to represent the Gold Standard worldwide. Heres why: Contact-free Pentacam® measurement provides the basis for precise and reliable diagnostics and successful treatment of the anterior segment.. ...
Since its introduction in 2002, the OCULUS Pentacam® has proven itself indispensable and has come to represent the Gold Standard worldwide. Heres why: Contact-free Pentacam® measurement provides the basis for precise and reliable diagnostics and successful treatment of the anterior segment.. ...
The adenocarcinoma which commonly occurs in the kidney of leopard frogs has been transplanted into the anterior chamber of the eye where its growth characteristics have been studied by direct observation with the slit-lamp microscope. Such observations have been amplified by photographs taken at intervals to furnish permanent and objective records of the mode of development and progress of the growths, from earliest to advanced stages.. The fifteen tumors which fumished the transplants were typical large invasive adenocarcinomas having the usual irregular and apparently anarchic arrangement of their component tubules and acini. However, the transplanted tumors developed according to definite and well defined structural patterns, their type depending on the immediate physical environment. Three such morphogenetic patterns were observed.. Unimpeded outgrowths into the aqueous tumor characteristically assumed a tubulo-papillary arrangement; the earliest formation consisted of solid, purely ...
Definitions of hyphema. What is hyphema: The presence of blood in the anterior chamber of the eye.. Synonyms: hemorrhage, bleeding, hypha, hyphen, haemorrhage, hyphens
Persidsky, Y. and Poluektova, L. (2006), Immune privilege and HIV-1 persistence in the CNS. Immunological Reviews, 213: 180-194. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-065X.2006.00440.x ...
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The privilege granted. The value can be any privilege that can be granted at the column level; see Section 13.7.1.6, GRANT Statement. Each row lists a single privilege, so there is one row per column privilege held by the grantee. In the output from ...
Once in the anterior chamber and while firmly holding the lens with forceps, temporal and nasal iris tissue is enclavated with ... Anterior chamber depth (ACD, i.e. the distance between the crystalline lens and cornea including the corneal thickness) is ... Multiple studies have shown a 12-17 µm/year decrease in the anterior chamber depth with aging. If a phakic IOL patient is ... Phakic IOLs are designed to correct high myopia ranging from −5 to −20 D if the patient has enough anterior chamber depth (ACD ...
MPC is characterized by vitritis and anterior chamber inflammation. Decreased vision due to vitreous inflammation may occur. ...
The attack may be associated with anterior chamber flare. These symptoms disappear in 1 to 2 days, but blurred vision may last ...
... and an anomalous cleavage of the anterior chamber of the eye. The disorder is similar to Robinow syndrome except for anterior ... Greenstein, R.M.; Weinbaum, P.J.; Poole, A.E. (July 1988). "Autosomal recessive Robinow-like syndrome with anterior chamber ... chamber anomalies and, in one case, hydrocephalus. ...
The Fate of Skin Homographs Transplanted to the Brain, to Subcutaneous Tissue, and to the Anterior Chamber of the Eye". British ... This is known as Anterior Chamber Associated Immune Deviation (ACAID). Sympathetic ophthalmia is a rare disease which results ... Research suggests that the exploitation of anterior chamber-associated immune deviation (ACAID), aqueous humor and its anti- ... Streilein JW, Stein-Streilein J (2002). "Anterior chamber associated immune deviation (ACAID): regulation, biological relevance ...
ISBN 978-0-323-05714-1. Scheie, Harold G. (1957). "Width and Pigmentation of the Angle of the Anterior Chamber". Archives of ...
... the military ophthalmologist may conduct an anterior chamber washout to clear hyphemas. However, reconstruction of the anterior ... Application of the Seidel Test in Zone I will rule out seepage of the anterior chamber through a corneal perforation, while ... The Seidel test may be used to evaluate the status of the anterior chamber, thereby determining the presence of corneal ... perforation and pathological anterior chamber leakage. Zone II: region designated by the anterior chamber, lens, and pars ...
Reinstein, D. Z; Archer, T. J; Silverman, R. H; Rondeau, M. J; Coleman, D. J (2009). "Correlation of anterior chamber angle and ... "Very high frequency ultrasound biometry of the anterior and posterior chamber diameter". Journal of Refractive Surgery. 20 (5 ... Silverman, Ronald H; Ketterling, Jeffrey A; Coleman, D Jackson (2007). "High-Frequency Ultrasonic Imaging of the Anterior ... Silverman, Ronald H; Ketterling, Jeffrey A; Coleman, D Jackson (2007). "High-Frequency Ultrasonic Imaging of the Anterior ...
Deep anterior chamber: Since lens is absent, anterior chamber will be deep. Iridodonesis: Iridodonesis is the vibration or ... It causes a loss of accommodation, high degree of farsightedness (hyperopia), and a deep anterior chamber. Complications ... Purkinje test shows only two images; the reflection from anterior and posterior corneal surfaces. Iridectomy mark may be seen ... Sowka, Joseph W. (November 2002). "Pupil block glaucoma from traumatic vitreous prolapse in a patient with posterior chamber ...
The aqueous humor then flows through the pupil into the anterior chamber. The ciliary body is attached to the lens by ... The ciliary body is a ring-shaped thickening of tissue inside the eye that divides the posterior chamber from the vitreous body ... ATPase enzyme creating an osmotic gradient for the passage of water into the posterior chamber) and twenty percent is produced ... and these secrete aqueous humor into the posterior chamber. ...
"Ring melanoma of the anterior chamber angle: a report of fourteen cases". Am J Ophthalmol. 132 (3): 336-42. doi:10.1016/s0002- ... Kumar H, Honavar SG, Vajpayee RB (1994). "Nd:YAG laser sweeping of the anterior surface of an intraocular lens: a new ... Rao R, Honavar SG, Mulay K, Reddy VAP (2018). "Eye salvage in diffuse anterior retinoblastoma using systemic chemotherapy with ... S2CID 21592328.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link) Vajpayee RB, Taherian K, Honavar SG, Negi A (1995). "Anterior ...
Gonioscopy is a diagnostic procedure to examine the angle of the anterior chamber. Direct and indirect ophthalmoscopy is ... The flow tube is inserted into the anterior chamber of the eye and the plate is implanted underneath the conjunctiva to allow ... flow of aqueous fluid out of the eye into a chamber called a bleb. The first-generation Molteno and other non-valved implants ...
Anterior chamber inflammation. *Raised intraocular pressure. *Punctate keratitis (small marks on the surface of the eye) ...
The fungus can break through the descemet's membrane and pass into the anterior chamber. The patient presents a few days or ... Keratomycosis is the fungal infection of the cornea, the anterior part of the eye which covers the pupil. Those experiencing ... The fungus grows slowly in the cornea and proliferates to involve the anterior and posterior stromal layers. ...
A smaller anterior chamber is partially or completely covered by a silvery peritoneal tunic. A larger posterior chamber may be ... The fully functioning Weberian apparatus consists of the swim bladder, the Weberian ossicles, a portion of the anterior ... a distinct modification of the anterior four or five first vertebrae is found, as well as the Weberian ossicles. ... The swim bladder is usually divided into two chambers. ...
Bhardwaj V, Rajeshbhai GP (October 2013). "Axial length, anterior chamber depth-a study in different age groups and refractive ... An elongated ocular axial length (AL), or distance from the anterior corneal surface to the retinal pigment epithelium, is a ...
The sclerotised vagina comprises an anterior trumpet, followed by a primary canal, a primary chamber, a secondary canal, a ... The accessory structure is small, inserted into the anterior extremity of the secondary chamber. The external and internal ... The secondary canal is inserted into the cylinder of the primary chamber. The secondary chamber is continuous with the ... The primary chamber is heavily sclerotised, and complex in shape: a pear-shaped cavity continued as a heavily sclerotised ...
Aspirated fluids are replaced with irrigation of balanced salt solution to maintain the anterior chamber. The term originated ... It is then inserted and placed in the posterior chamber in the capsular bag (in-the-bag implantation). Sometimes, a ciliary ... The surgeon then removes the anterior face of the capsule that contains the lens inside the eye. Phacoemulsification surgery ...
True anterior chamber depth (ACD) is measured between the posterior corneal surface and the anterior lens surface. This measure ... ELP correlates with the placement of the IOL inside the eye, whether it is in the anterior chamber in the sulcus or in the ... Since the probe does not exert direct pressure on the cornea, compression of the anterior chamber is avoided. A mean shortening ... The eye is divided ultrasonographically into four components:Cornea, Anterior chamber, Lens thickness and Vitreous cavity. The ...
The Seidel Test is used to assess the presence of anterior chamber leakage in the cornea. It is used as a screening test for ...
Anterior chamber entry (eye entry) is made by a blade in the superior corneo-limbus area. Descemet's membrane along with ... The injector along with the graft is inserted via the corneal wound and the graft is injected in the anterior chamber (Fig 3C ... Sometimes, one may require removal of the existing lens (as in Anterior Chamber IOL) and replacement with the other by this ... Post operative anterior segment optical coherence tomography may be performed for assessing the anatomical success of the ...
... does not cause the presence of cells or flare in the anterior chamber of the eye. In 80 percent of cases, ...
Without treatment, the hyphae can grow into the cornea and into the anterior chamber of the eye. F. solani is also a major ...
The cornea is the transparent front part of the eye that covers the iris, pupil and anterior chamber. The surgical procedure is ... the anterior chamber). The tissue self-adheres in a short period and the air is adsorbed into the surrounding tissues. ... In this procedure, the anterior layers of the central cornea are removed and replaced with donor tissue. Endothelial cells and ... This technique is used in cases of anterior corneal opacifications, scars, and ectatic diseases such as keratoconus. ...
... and anterior chamber. The cornea, with the anterior chamber and lens, refracts light, with the cornea accounting for ... Just anterior to Descemet's membrane, a very thin and strong layer, Dua's layer, 15 microns thick and able to withstand 1.5 to ... This arises at death, but a dead eye can be placed in a warm chamber with a reservoir of sugar and glycogen that generally ... From the anterior to posterior the layers of the human cornea are: Corneal epithelium: an exceedingly thin multicellular ...
The first FDA-approved lenses - Choyce Mark VIII and Choyce Mark IX Anterior Chamber - were manufactured by Rayner. Cataract ...
1. Lens, 2. Zonule of Zinn or Ciliary zonule, 3. Posterior chamber and 4. Anterior chamber with 5. Aqueous humour flow; 6. ... Anterior ones). 38. Lacrimal artery, 39. Ophthalmic vein, 40. Vorticose vein.. 41. Ethmoid bone, 42. Medial rectus muscle, 43. ... Anterior segment, 31. Posterior segment.. 32. Ophthalmic artery, 33. Artery and central retinal vein → 36. Blood vessels of the ... File:Schematic diagram of anterior segment human eye.svg. File:Diagram of human eye without labels.svg ...
... in the anterior chamber. Report of two cases". Br J Ophthalmol. 59 (3): 166-67. doi:10.1136/bjo.59.3.166. PMC 1017374 . PMID ...
Shallow anterior chamber depth may indicate a predisposition to one form of glaucoma (narrow angle) but requires slit-lamp ... In the presence of a "red eye", a shallow anterior chamber may indicate acute glaucoma, which requires immediate attention. ...
If the lens falls into the anterior chamber of eyeball then a secondary glaucoma can occur, causing loss of vision. National ...
Chambers 21st Century Dictionary Archived 24 November 2007 at the Wayback Machine. (retrieved 19 October 2007 ) ... the head and foot are at one end of an elongated body and function as the anterior (front) of the animal. The head includes the ... Extensive connective tissue lattices support the respiratory muscles and allow them to expand the respiratory chamber.[37] The ...
Talk:Anterior chamber of eyeball. *Talk:Anterior commissure. *Talk:Anterior compartment of the forearm ...
sclera, and anterior chamber. *Glaucoma surgery: Trabeculectomy. *Iridectomy. Lens. *Phacoemulsification. *Cataract surgery ...
For symptomatic permanent tooth, root canal treatment is often challenging due to pulp chamber is filled with calcified ... Otuyemi OD (June 1994). "Traumatic anterior dental injuries related to incisor overjet and lip competence in 12-year-old ... material and the 'drop off' sensation of entering a pulp chamber will not occur.[38] ...
Chambers. Right heart. *(venae cavae, coronary sinus) → right atrium (atrial appendage, fossa ovalis, limbus of fossa ovalis, ...
8 incisors are anterior teeth, 4 in the upper arch and 4 in the lower. Their function is for shearing or cutting food during ... The bulk of the crown is composed of dentin, with the pulp chamber within. The crown is enclosed within bone before the tooth ... On anterior teeth, they are located on the mesial and distal borders of the lingual surface; on posterior teeth, they are ... Mammelons are usually found as three small bumps on the incisal edges of anterior teeth. They are the remnants of three lobes ...
... is a circular lymphatic-like vessel in the eye that collects aqueous humor from the anterior chamber and ... Anterior part of the human eye, with Canal of Schlemm at lower right. ...
Shock chamber. Antitachycardia pacing chamber. Tachycardia detection. Antibradycardia pacing chamber O = None. O = None. E = ... either in the anterior/lateral position or the anterior/posterior position. The rescuer selects the pacing rate, and gradually ... Single-chamber pacemaker. In this type, only one pacing lead is placed into a chamber of the heart, either the atrium or the ... Dual-chamber pacemaker. Here, wires are placed in two chambers of the heart. One lead paces the atrium and one paces the ...
During expiration, oxygen poor air flows to the anterior air sacs[62] and is expelled by the action of the expiratory muscles. ... The AV node connects the atrial and ventricular chambers. It functions to carry the electrical impulse from the atria to the ... The common ostrich heart is a closed system, contractile chamber. It is composed of myogenic muscular tissue associated with ... The tip of the tongue then lies anterior to the choanae, excluding the nasal respiratory pathway from the buccal cavity.[61] ...
Anterolateral thoracotomy is performed upon the anterior chest wall; left anterolateral thoracotomy is the incision of choice ... or for access to the thoracic aorta or the anterior spine (the latter may be necessary to access tumors in the spine). The ... provides wide access to the mediastinum and is the incision of choice for most open-heart surgery and access to the anterior ... thoracotomy was devised to give rapid access to the heart and pericardium through an incision that consists of an anterior ...
sclera, and anterior chamber. *Glaucoma surgery: Trabeculectomy. *Iridectomy. Lens. *Phacoemulsification. *Cataract surgery ...
Chambers. Right heart. *(venae cavae, coronary sinus) → right atrium (atrial appendage, fossa ovalis, limbus of fossa ovalis, ... The tricuspid valve has anterior, posterior, and septal cusps; and the mitral valve has just anterior and posterior cusps. ... The pulmonary valve has left, right, and anterior cusps.[4] The aortic valve has left, right, and posterior cusps.[5] ... There are anterior, posterior, and two lateral thickenings. A septum begins to form between what will later become the ...
The atrium and ventricles of each side are separated by atrioventricular valves which prevent back flow from one chamber to the ... but movement is reduced in the anterior thoracic vertebrae and absent in the later vertebrae.[63] The last few are fused with ... The avian circulatory system is driven by a four-chambered, myogenic heart contained in a fibrous pericardial sac. This ... a four-chambered heart, and a strong yet lightweight skeleton. Birds live worldwide and range in size from the 5 cm (2 in) bee ...
Multi-chambered burrows have been found, containing as many as 20 skeletons of the Early Triassic cynodont Trirachodon; the ... The anterior (forward) part of the zygomatic arch mostly consists of the maxilla (upper jawbone) rather than the jugal, a small ...
a b c d Donald, J. (1880). Chambers's etymological dictionary of the English language.'' London/Edinburgh: W. & R. Chambers. ... Serratus anterior has a long attachment on the anterior lip. Three muscles insert along the posterior lip, the levator scapulae ... The upper picture is an anterior (from the front) view of the thorax and shoulder girdle. The lower picture is a posterior ( ... The two muscles most commonly inhibited during this first part of an overhead motion are the serratus anterior and the lower ...
The idea is to force abnormal electrical signals to move along one, uniform path to the lower chambers of the heart (ventricles ... characterized by the rapid and irregular beating of the atrial chambers of the heart.[11] It often begins as short periods of ... The risk of a blood clot forming in the left atrial chamber of the heart, breaking off, and then traveling in the bloodstream ...
The second chamber is larger and is where digestion takes place. Undigested squid beaks accumulate in the second chamber - as ... The anterior wall is smooth. The knobbly surface reflects sound waves that come through the spermaceti organ from the phonic ... Similar to ruminants the sperm whale has a four-chambered stomach. The first secretes no gastric juices and has very thick ...
Some species moult within specially prepared chambers of soil or silk,[39] and may also shelter in these during wet weather, ... Anterior anatomy of a generalized helminthomorph millipede. Millipedes come in a variety of body shapes and sizes, ranging from ...
The front (anterior) of the eye is on the left. Light (from the left) passes through several transparent nerve layers to reach ... Anterior segment. *Adnexa. *Fibrous tunic. *Anterior chamber. *Aqueous humour. *Iris. *Posterior chamber ...
At the anterior end, the mouth is surrounded by a ring of tentacles which are usually retractable into the mouth. These are ... The intestine is typically long and coiled, and loops through the body three times before terminating in a cloacal chamber, or ... The anterior end of the animal, containing the mouth, corresponds to the oral pole of other echinoderms (which, in most cases, ... Anterior to the ossicles lie further muscles, contraction of which cause the introvert to retract.[11] ...
The third chamber is the suction control chamber. The height of the water in this chamber regulates the negative pressure ... the anterior border of latissimus dorsi and a horizontal line superior to the nipple.[21] More specifically, the tube is ... The first chamber allows fluid that is drained from the chest to be collected. The second chamber functions as a "water seal", ... Air bubbling through the water seal chamber is usual when the patient coughs or exhales but may indicate, if continual, a ...
The tricuspid valve has anterior, posterior, and septal cusps; and the mitral valve has just anterior and posterior cusps. ... which are between the upper chambers (atria) and the lower chambers (ventricles). ... The pulmonary valve has left, right, and anterior cusps.[4] The aortic valve has left, right, and posterior cusps.[5] ... There are anterior, posterior, and two lateral thickenings. A septum begins to form between what will later become the ...
An earthworm has no teeth, so it swallows grit to help grind food in its multi-chambered gut. As an earthworm burrows and feeds ... The average earthworm is a reddish brown color, with a pointed posterior and anterior end. There are no eyes or other ...
In bony fish, the gills lie in a branchial chamber covered by a bony operculum. The great majority of bony fish species have ... In fish, the divisions of the small intestine are not clear, and the terms anterior or proximal intestine may be used instead ... In most fish, the heart consists of four parts, including two chambers and an entrance and exit. The first part is the sinus ... The heart of fish is therefore only a single pump (consisting of two chambers). Fish have a closed-loop circulatory system. The ...
Chambers. Right heart. *(venae cavae, coronary sinus) → right atrium (atrial appendage, fossa ovalis, limbus of fossa ovalis, ... The anterior cusp covers approximately two-thirds of the valve (imagine a crescent moon within the circle, where the crescent ... Anterior (frontal) view of the opened heart. White arrows indicate normal blood flow. (Mitral valve labeled at center right.) ... Operative view of the mitral valve with a chordal rupture "fail" of the anterior leaflet ...
The anterior segment, closest to the head, is the prothorax, with the major features being the first pair of legs and the ... Dragonfly naiads use jet propulsion, forcibly expelling water out of their rectal chamber.[107] Some species like the water ... Envaginations at the anterior end of the hindgut form the Malpighian tubules, which form the main excretory system of insects. ... The middle segment is the mesothorax, with the major features being the second pair of legs and the anterior wings. The third ...
Three distinct sets of organs perform respiration - the anterior air sacs (interclavicular, cervicals, and anterior thoracics ... A reduction in the adductor chambers has also occurred [11] These are all conditions seen in the juvenile form of their ... Birds have a four-chambered heart,[39] in common with mammals, and some reptiles (mainly the crocodilia). This adaptation ... So, during inhalation, both the posterior and anterior air sacs expand,[34] the posterior air sacs filling with fresh inhaled ...
Once they have found a secure spot, they will line the pupal chamber with a few strands of silk, pupate, then overwinter as ... When it feels threatened by a predator, the caterpillar will widen the anterior part of the body. This defensive posture ...
The aspiration tube and an irrigation tube may be coupled to an anterior chamber of a cornea during a phaco procedure. The high ... The aspiration tube and an irrigation tube may be coupled to an anterior chamber of a cornea during a phaco procedure. The high ... The aspiration tube and an irrigation tube may be coupled to an anterior chamber of a cornea during a phaco procedure. The high ... The aspiration tube and an irrigation tube may be coupled to an anterior chamber of a cornea during a phaco procedure. The high ...
To quantify the effects of cataract surgery on the anterior chamber topography in patients with angleclosure glaucoma (PACG), ... anterior chamber depth (ACD), anterior chamber volume (ACV), anterior chamber angle (ACA) and central corneal thickness (CCT) ... determined by a shallower anterior chamber. Thus, at the last follow-up session, the anterior chamber morphology became very ... Anterior Chamber Morphometry before and after Cataract Surgery Alina-Dana Baxant1*, Jara Hornová1, Pavel Studený1, Jana Vránová ...
The induction of anterior chamber associated immune deviation with Type II collagen (P1045). Hossam Ashour and Shukkur Farooq ... The administration of antigens into the anterior chamber (AC) of the eye induces a special form of antigen-specific peripheral ... The induction of anterior chamber associated immune deviation with Type II collagen (P1045) ... The induction of anterior chamber associated immune deviation with Type II collagen (P1045) ...
A bifocal lens implanted in the anterior chamber of the eye having an air space in the upper lens edge to position the lens at ... US05618382 1975-10-01 1975-10-01 Bifocal lens which positions within the anterior chamber Expired - Lifetime US4010496A (en) ... Bifocal lens which positions within the anterior chamber Download PDF Info. Publication number. US4010496A. US4010496A ... A bifocal lens implanted in the anterior chamber of the eye having an air space in the upper lens edge to position the lens at ...
We study people who have Narrow anterior chamber angle and Vomiting in pregnancy from FDA. Check out who they are, other ... Would you have Narrow anterior chamber angle when you have Vomiting in pregnancy? ... Narrow anterior chamber angle Other conditions that could case Narrow anterior chamber angle. Narrow anterior chamber angle ... Vomiting in pregnancy and Narrow anterior chamber angle - from FDA reports. Summary. There is no Narrow Anterior Chamber Angle ...
Antonyms for Anterior chamber. 18 synonyms for chamber: hall, room, council, assembly, legislature, legislative body, room, ... Related to Anterior chamber: Posterior chamber, anterior chamber angle #vtZoom,.vt-link{cursor:pointer} .vt-container{padding: ... Anterior chamber synonyms, Anterior chamber antonyms - FreeThesaurus.com https://www.freethesaurus.com/Anterior+chamber ... chamber. (redirected from Anterior chamber). Also found in: Dictionary, Medical, Legal, Acronyms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia. ...
In the former, a rapid intense inflammatory reaction developed in the anterior segment (cornea, anterior chamber) and anterior ... In the former, a rapid intense inflammatory reaction developed in the anterior segment (cornea, anterior chamber) and anterior ... In the former, a rapid intense inflammatory reaction developed in the anterior segment (cornea, anterior chamber) and anterior ... In the former, a rapid intense inflammatory reaction developed in the anterior segment (cornea, anterior chamber) and anterior ...
It leaves the eye through channels in the front of the eye in an area called the anterior chamber angle, or simply the angle. ...
... anterior) part of the eye. If the anterior chamber is too shallow, the iris can move forward and touch the back of the cornea. ... and impedes the flow of fluids between the anterior chamber (via the trabecular meshwork in the angle) and the anterior ... The anterior chamber is a space between the cornea and the iris (colored part of the eye). It contains fluids that bathe the ... The rounded shape of the cornea causes the light rays to bend as they pass through to the anterior chamber. If the cornea is ...
... The anterior chamber is that section of the eye that lies between the cornea and the iris. The iris divides ... into an anterior chamber and a posterior chamber (between the iris and the lens). ... the space between the cornea and the lens, which is called the anterior cavity, ...
... to be positioned substantially in the posterior chamber of the eye while the lateral legs extend in the anterior chamber of the ... to be positioned substantially in the posterior chamber of the eye while the lateral legs extend in the anterior chamber of the ... Anterior-chamber intraocular prosthetic lens. US4681585 *. 13 Mar 1986. 21 Jul 1987. Intermedics Intraocular, Inc.. Intraocular ... In these prior art implants, a lens is positioned in the anterior chamber of the eye spanning the pupil, that is, resting on ...
A thin foldable intraocular implant specifically configured for installation into the anterior chamber of a phakic or ... Whether the IOL is installed in the posterior chamber of the eye in lieu of the removed cataracted lens, or in the anterior ... Due to the fact that prior art IOLs specially those installed in the anterior chamber must be precisely tailored to the size of ... 1. Accordingly, the median portion and the lateral portion with their bent flaps 8 form a vault that spans the anterior chamber ...
... case-control study examined the relationship between anterior chamber sterilization and vitreous positivity rate in cultures ... The anterior chamber and vitreous displayed poor concordance. As a result, anterior chamber findings were in no way helpful at ... This retrospective, case-control study examined the relationship between anterior chamber sterilization and vitreous positivity ...
... Jacky W. Y. Lee, Gordon S. K. Yau, Tiffany T. Y ... J. Caprioli, G. L. Spaeth, and R. P. Wilson, "Anterior chamber depth in open angle glaucoma," British Journal of Ophthalmology ... D. Wang, M. Qi, M. He, L. Wu, and S. Lin, "Ethnic difference of the anterior chamber area and volume and its association with ... S. W. Cheung, R. Chan, R. C. Cheng, and P. Cho, "Effect of cycloplegia on axial length and anterior chamber depth measurements ...
Home , Published Ahead-of-Print , Silicone Oil Removal From the Anterior Chamber Using Dispers... ... Silicone Oil Removal From the Anterior Chamber Using Dispersive Viscoelastic. Iaboni, Douglas S. M., MSc*; Seamone, Mark E., ...
Eye, Anterior chamber - Proteinaceous fluid in a female F344/N rat from a chronic study. Anterior chamber proteinaceous fluid ( ... Proteinaceous fluid in the anterior chamber should be diagnosed as "Eye, Anterior chamber - Proteinaceous fluid" and assigned a ... If anterior chamber proteinaceous fluid is part of a more dispersed inflammatory process in the eye, it need not be diagnosed ... Eye, Anterior chamber - Proteinaceous fluid in a female F344/N rat from a chronic study. There are accumulations of homogeneous ...
A surgical video demonstrating a technique for removal of an anterior chamber parasite. ... Anterior Chamber Worm. Chris Kurz MD, Majid Moshirfar MD, Mark Mifflin MD. Channels: General , Posted 5/27/2009 ... What kind of worm is it? How did it get into the Anterior Chamber? ... A surgical video demonstrating a technique for removal of an anterior chamber parasite. ...
To compare anterior chamber depth (ACD), representing the distance between the anterior corneal surface and anterior lens ... Comparison of Anterior Chamber Depth Measurements from the Galilei Dual Scheimpflug Analyzer with IOLMaster. Roma P. Patel1 and ... A retrospective review of 65 individual patient eyes with normal anterior segments, and no prior ocular surgery was performed. ...
Bilateral acute anterior uveitis: a rare ocular side effect of erlotinib Sarah Chan, Elizabeth Ahern, Sarah Chaudhry, Brett ... Optic shrinkage and retraction in opacified hydrophilic acrylic intraocular lens: an anterior segment optical CT-based ... Transscleral cyclophotocoagulation as primary management in a nanophthalmic eye with anterior uveitis and secondary mixed ...
... and an extremely shallow anterior chamber. The axial length is 21.34 mm. ...
AC = anterior chamber.. Discussion. Renewed interest in the implantation of phakic anterior chamber IOLs in highly myopic eyes ... providing 360-degree coverage of the anterior chamber. To perform the central measurements, a section of the anterior chamber ... The artifactual elevation of the anterior surface of the crystalline lens (arrows) can be seen. AC = anterior chamber. ... This study analyzed the anatomic relationships between the ZSAL-4 anterior chamber phakic IOL and anterior segment structures ...
The mouse anterior chamber angle and trabecular meshwork develop without cell death BMC Dev Biol. 2001;1:3. doi: 10.1186/1471- ... Anterior Chamber / cytology* * Anterior Chamber / embryology* * Anterior Chamber / growth & development * Anterior Chamber / ...
... study is to generate reference values for anterior chamber morphometrics to facilitate the interpretation of anterior chamber ... Keywords: reference value, anterior chamber, optical coherence tomography, Caucasian ... the mean anterior chamber depth (ACD) was 2.75±0.39 mm and the mean lens vault (LV) was 0.44±0.30 mm. A smaller temporal TIA500 ... shallower ACD and higher LV were found in female and hyperopic subjects.Conclusion: Reference values for anterior chamber ...
anterior chamber tap. Among the spectrum of infectious keratites, acanthamoeba keratitis (AK) represents one of the most ... An anterior uveitis and/or a hypopyon may be present too. The diagnosis is usually made by scraping and culturing the corneal ...
Measuring Anterior Chamber Inflammation After Cataract Surgery: A Review of the Literature Focusing on the Correlation with ... Keywords: anterior chamber inflammation, cataract surgery, clinical grading, laser flare photometry, anterior segment optical ... Measuring Anterior Chamber Inflammation After Cataract Surgery: A Review of the Literature Focusing on the Correlation with ... However, only a few studies investigated the potential correlation between anterior chamber (AC) inflammation and the risk of ...
In Experiment 1, IOP was recorded while irrigating the anterior chamber (AC), during iH, and during phacoemulsification and ... Influence of irrigation dynamic pressure-assisted hydrodissection on intraocular pressure and the posterior chamber-anterior ... Influence of elevated intraocular pressure on the posterior chamber-anterior hyaloid membrane barrier during cataract ... and the posterior chamber-anterior hyaloid membrane (PC-AHM) barrier in porcine eyes. ...
Part I. A new algorithm of sulcus ciliaris diameter assessment using anterior segment optical coherence tomography in DOAJ. ... Posterior chamber phakic IOL sizing. Part I. A new algorithm of sulcus ciliaris diameter assessment using anterior segment ... The UBM analysis of the anterior segment anatomy showed a correspondence of the peripheral iris pigment layer edge (IPE) to the ... To study the effectiveness of a new algorithm in measurement of sulcus ciliaris diameter by the method of anterior segment ...
To study a position of the posterior chamber phakic intraocular lens (PIOL) with a total size selection using ultrasound bio- ... Posterior chamber phakic IOL sizing. Part II. Clinical effectiveness of sulcus ciliaris diameter assessment using anterior ... To study a position of the posterior chamber phakic intraocular lens (PIOL) with a total size selection using ultrasound bio- ... Retrospective analysis of data from patients who underwent surgical correction of high myopia with posterior chamber PIOL ICM ...
Journal Article: Measurement of anterior chamber diameter and biometry of anterior segment by Scheimpflug slitlamp photography ... Title: Measurement of anterior chamber diameter and biometry of anterior segment by Scheimpflug slitlamp photography ... This will enable the surgeon to determine the diameter and order an anterior chamber IOL of a specified size prior to surgery. ... The authors have devised an automated program to analyze the negatives and provide direct anterior chamber diameter ...
Methods of assessing the anterior chamber. Much of the anterior chamber is readily visible with the slit lamp biomicroscope. ... The average adult eye has a chamber depth of 3.15 mm The chamber shallows by 0.01 mm per year. An eye with an anterior chamber ... 2) Slit lamp estimation of the anterior chamber "angle" (e.g. Van Herrick) ... 3) Slit lamp estimation of the anterior chamber depth ( or with ultrasound) ...
Anterior Chamber Width Measurement by Optical Coherence Tomography J.A. Goldsmith; Y. Li; M.R. Chalita; V. Westfall; C. Patel; ... Anterior Chamber Width Measurement by Optical Coherence Tomography You will receive an email whenever this article is corrected ... Abstract: : Purpose: Measurement of anterior chamber (AC) width with optical coherence tomography (OCT). Methods: A high-speed ... J.A. Goldsmith, Y. Li, M.R. Chalita, V. Westfall, C. Patel, A.M. Rollins, J. Izatt, D. Huang; Anterior Chamber Width ...
Anterior chamber of eye structure. Known as: Chambers, Anterior, Anterior Chamber of the Eye, anterior chamber eye (More). ... Anterior chamber width measurement by high-speed optical coherence tomography.. *Jason A Goldsmith, Yan Li, +5 authors David ... Anterior chamber measurements using Pentacam rotating Scheimpflug camera.. *Tanja M Rabsilber, Ramin Khoramnia, Gerd U Auffarth ... OBJECTIVE To measure anterior chamber (AC) width and other dimensions relevant to the sizing of phakic intraocular lenses (IOLs ...
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Centers RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.. ...
The anterior chamber of the eye is lined with corneal endothelial cells, which are terminally differentiated cells that are ... Isolation and characterization of a unique natural killer cell inhibitory factor present in the anterior chamber of the eye.. R ... The aqueous humor (AH) that fills the anterior chamber of the eye and bathes the corneal endothelial surface contains numerous ... Isolation and characterization of a unique natural killer cell inhibitory factor present in the anterior chamber of the eye. ...
Ahmed mandrel for fixing the valve in the eyes anterior chamber is a hollow tube. The front part mandrel is designed as a cone ... RU2016138647U 2016-09-29 2016-09-29 Ahmed mandrel for locking the valve into the anterior chamber RU171314U1 (en) Priority ... Ahmed mandrel for locking the valve into the anterior chamber Info. Publication number. RU171314U1. RU171314U1 RU2016138647U ... Ahmed mandrel for locking the valve into the anterior chamber Applications Claiming Priority (1). Application Number. Priority ...
No anterior chamber (AC) inflammation was present. UBM performed at the time was consistent with an anterior chamber cyst. On ... Mild AC reaction was also present. Repeat UBM showed the enlarged anterior chamber cyst with extension to a second cyst ... Methods: : A case report of a patient with an anterior chamber cyst secondary to epithelial downgrowth, with an uncommon ... C. Pham Lagler, W. M. Munir, E. Geller; Use of Ultrasound Biomicroscopy in Management of Anterior Chamber Cyst With Posterior ...
In this study, the field of view is focused on the central part of anterior chamber [as marked by the rectangle in Fig. 1(a)] ... We report on a phase-based method for accurately measuring the ocular pulse in the anterior chamber in vivo. Using phase- ... Dynamic ocular pulse in the anterior chamber (aOP) image. (a) M-mode structural image generated along the center A-line of the ... Phase cross-section of the regional anterior chamber (as marked by the rectangle in a) before (b) and after (c) phase ...
  • The Pentacam rotating Scheimpflug camera measured the following changes that occurred in the anterior chamber: depth (ACD), volume (ACV), angle (ACA) and central corneal thickness (CCT). (omicsonline.org)
  • They discuss corneal hysteresis and biomechanical properties of the normal cornea, physiology, the corneal endothelium, imaging, the new generation of operating microscope, new instrumentation, the artificial anterior chamber , and the definition, terms, and classifications of lamellar corneal surgery. (freethesaurus.com)
  • Our investigations uncover novel protective roles for the cytokines IL-17A and IFN- , and describe how their interaction with T regulatory cells is required for anterior chamber associated immune deviation and corneal immune privilege. (eurobuch.de)
  • Materials and methods: 170 eyes of 119 patients undergoing phacoemulsification, followed by posterior chamber intraocular lens implantations (PC IOL), were divided into three groups as follows: PACG (50 eyes, 28 patients), POAG (40 eyes, 29 patients) and a control group (80 eyes, 62 patients). (omicsonline.org)
  • Purpose: To quantify the effects of cataract surgery on the anterior chamber topography in patients with angleclosure glaucoma (PACG), open-angle glaucoma (POAG) and patients with no evidence of glaucoma or ocular hypertension. (omicsonline.org)
  • Will you have Narrow anterior chamber angle with Vomiting in pregnancy? (ehealthme.com)
  • There is no Narrow Anterior Chamber Angle reported by people with Vomiting In Pregnancy yet. (ehealthme.com)
  • If you have Vomiting in pregnancy and Narrow anterior chamber angle, find out what symptoms you could have in 1 year or longer. (ehealthme.com)
  • Check symptoms - is your narrow anterior chamber angle caused by a drug or a condition? (ehealthme.com)
  • Narrow anterior chamber angle has been reported by people with osteoporosis, migraine, glaucoma, high blood cholesterol, pain ( latest reports from 41 Narrow anterior chamber angle patients ). (ehealthme.com)
  • Forecast new side effects and undetected conditions when you have Vomiting in pregnancy and Narrow anterior chamber angle. (ehealthme.com)
  • The study was carried out on 71 consecutive eyes with primary open angle glaucoma or primary chronic angle closure glaucoma undergoing conventional trabeculectomy to compare the influence of pre-operative intracameral sodium hyaluronate 1% with hydroxypropyl methylcellulose 2% (HPMC2%) on postoperative anterior chamber depth (AC depth) and intraocular pressure (IOP) in trabeculectomy. (freethesaurus.com)
  • This abnormal relationship changes the anterior chamber angle (where the cornea and iris meet) and impedes the flow of fluids between the anterior chamber (via the trabecular meshwork in the angle) and the anterior structures. (uic.edu)
  • Evaluating the anterior chamber morphometry may help to better understand the effect of cataract surgery on the lowering of IOP and on the dynamics of aqueous humor [ 33 ]. (omicsonline.org)
  • A bifocal lens implanted in the anterior chamber of the eye having an air space in the upper lens edge to position the lens at the upper edge of the pupil in dilated and constricted state. (google.com)
  • By two-dimensional ultrasounography can be seen internal structures of the eye such as cornea, anterior chamber , ciliary body, lens, vitreous chamber and then can be evaluated them [3,9,12]. (freethesaurus.com)
  • In the eye, light traverses through the tear film, cornea, anterior chamber, pupil, lens, and vitreous to the retina, which sends the nerve impulses through the optic nerve to the brain. (uic.edu)
  • Between the lens and the retina is another chamber, the vitreous cavity, which contains a clear jelly-like substance called the vitreous. (uic.edu)
  • This classic "Goldmann" type lens has three mirrors angled at 59°, 67° and 73° to permit viewing of the fundus and anterior chamber. (accutome.com)
  • High-risk features evaluated included the presence and extent of optic nerve (ON) invasion with respect to lamina cribrosa, the status of the ON cut margin, the presence of vitreous seedings, and invasion of the sclera, anterior chamber , and choroid. (freethesaurus.com)
  • In the former, a rapid intense inflammatory reaction developed in the anterior segment (cornea, anterior chamber) and anterior portion of the uveal tract (iris and ciliary body). (elsevier.com)
  • The cornea in the left eye was transparent and did not have lesions or edema, and the anterior chamber did not show an inflammatory reaction. (freethesaurus.com)
  • The anterior chamber is a space between the cornea and the iris (colored part of the eye). (uic.edu)
  • If the anterior chamber is too shallow, the iris can move forward and touch the back of the cornea. (uic.edu)
  • Baxant A, Hornová J, Studený P, Vránová J, Rosina J (2016) Anterior Chamber Morphometry before and after Cataract Surgery. (omicsonline.org)
  • Several previews of clinical trials proved that cataract surgery improves visual acuity, changes the architectonic of the anterior chamber and reduces IOP both in glaucomatous and nonglaucomatous eyes [ 2 , 3 , 8 - 29 ]. (omicsonline.org)
  • New visualization technologies, such as Pentacam rotating Scheimpflug camera (Oculus Inc., Wetzlar, Germany) help us to perform a reliable quantitative analysis of the anterior segments parameters and any changes following cataract surgery [ 34 ]. (omicsonline.org)
  • Trace flare was present but no hemorrhage or fibrin were observed in the anterior chamber OS. (freethesaurus.com)
  • Herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) inoculated directly into the anterior chamber of the mouse eye induced an acute inflammatory process in both the injected eye and its uninjected (contralateral) counterpart. (elsevier.com)
  • When HSV-1 was inoculated bilaterally into both anterior chambers, destructive inflammatory responses developed in both corneas and anterior segments, but the retinas were spared bilaterally. (elsevier.com)
  • It contains fluids that bathe the structures in the front (anterior) part of the eye. (uic.edu)
  • The aim of this study is to generate reference values for anterior chamber morphometrics to facilitate the interpretation of anterior chamber images acquired with swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT) in a Caucasian population. (dovepress.com)
  • To study the effectiveness of a new algorithm in measurement of sulcus ciliaris diameter by the method of anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT). Material and methods. (doaj.org)
  • To study a position of the posterior chamber phakic intraocular lens (PIOL) with a total size selection using ultrasound bio-microscopy (UBM) and a new algorithm based on anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS OCT) in patients with high myopia. (doaj.org)
  • Detection of primary angle closure using anterior segment optical coherence tomography in Asian eyes. (semanticscholar.org)
  • We document our latest work in developing a new eye model with a solid-state cornea and liquid filled anterior chamber designed for demonstrating, validating and comparing anterior chamber ophthalmic Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) instruments, corneal topographers, and Scheimpflug cameras. (spie.org)
  • To use Fourier-domain optical coherence tomography (OCT) to measure the angle opening distance at Schwalbe's line (AOD-SL) and determine its value in anterior chamber angle assessment. (ovid.com)
  • To measure anterior chamber depth (ACD) with an anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT) and a standard ultrasonic (US) axial scan (A-scan) device using an immersion technique and to assess repeatability, reproducibility, and correlations of the measurements. (eurekamag.com)
  • To evaluate changes in anterior chamber depth (ACD) and angle width induced by phacoemulsification and intraocular lens (IOL) implantation in eyes with glaucoma, using anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT). (ekjo.org)
  • Recently, anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT) has been used for quantitative evaluation of anterior segment configurations. (ekjo.org)
  • The anterior chamber is that section of the eye that lies between the cornea and the iris. (innerbody.com)
  • The iris divides the space between the cornea and the lens, which is called the anterior cavity, into an anterior chamber and a posterior chamber (between the iris and the lens). (innerbody.com)
  • The aspiration tube and an irrigation tube may be coupled to an anterior chamber of a cornea during a phaco procedure. (google.com)
  • 4 , 5 However, such a bandpass filter at certain frequencies is not desirable for the measurement of the minute OP in the anterior chamber (termed as aOP and defined as the relative motion between cornea and crystalline lens). (spiedigitallibrary.org)
  • The anterior chamber is the fluid-filled space inside the eye between the iris and the cornea 's innermost surface, the endothelium . (wikidoc.org)
  • By two-dimensional ultrasounography can be seen internal structures of the eye such as cornea, anterior chamber , ciliary body, lens, vitreous chamber and then can be evaluated them [3,9,12]. (freethesaurus.com)
  • The cornea in the left eye was transparent and did not have lesions or edema, and the anterior chamber did not show an inflammatory reaction. (freethesaurus.com)
  • They discuss corneal hysteresis and biomechanical properties of the normal cornea, physiology, the corneal endothelium, imaging, the new generation of operating microscope, new instrumentation, the artificial anterior chamber , and the definition, terms, and classifications of lamellar corneal surgery. (freethesaurus.com)
  • In case of zonulo-capsular disruption (zonular defect, artisan IOL, aphakia, etc.), retinal tamponading agents could invade the anterior chamber during silicone oil injection or could flatten an artisan IOL against the cornea during gas exchange. (evrs.eu)
  • After making the corneal graft using an artificial anterior chamber, crescent knife and cornea dissector, the keratoplasty proceeded using the graft. (bvsalud.org)
  • A lens with one or more tilted mirrors that is applied to the cornea for use in visualizing the anterior chamber of the eye during gonioscopy. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The liquid that fills the front chamber of the eye to keep the eye round and the cornea nourished. (avesis.com)
  • In addition, as is the case with most lenses that are inserted into the anterior chamber, should the lens become displaced and touch the endothelium inside the cornea of the eye, edema may be caused. (google.co.uk)
  • Anterior chamber tube shunt to an encircling band (Schocket procedure) in the treatment of refractory glaucoma. (nih.gov)
  • The eye conditions to be studied include Axenfeld's syndrome, Rieger's anomaly, Peter's anomaly, (all with or without glaucoma), Iridocorneal Endothelial syndrome, Aniridia, Pigment Dispersion syndrome, Megalocornea and other conditions with clinical abnormalities of the anterior chamber. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Purpose: To quantify the effects of cataract surgery on the anterior chamber topography in patients with angleclosure glaucoma (PACG), open-angle glaucoma (POAG) and patients with no evidence of glaucoma or ocular hypertension. (omicsonline.org)
  • Horizontal scans of the nasal and temporal anterior chamber angles in glaucoma subjects were performed at 830 nm wavelength Fourier-domain OCT. Images were graded by 2 ophthalmologists who assessed the visibility of Schwalbe's line (SL), anterior limbus (AL), scleral spur (SS), and angle recess (AR). (ovid.com)
  • Narrow anterior chamber angle has been reported by people with osteoporosis, migraine, glaucoma, high blood cholesterol, pain ( latest reports from 41 Narrow anterior chamber angle patients ). (ehealthme.com)
  • Methods: HH-OCT was used for imaging the anterior chamber of healthy children and children with congenital glaucoma, prematurity, nystagmus and anterior segment abnormalities. (le.ac.uk)
  • The abnormal development of the anterior chamber of children with congenital glaucoma and prematurity was compared to age-matched controls. (le.ac.uk)
  • Children with congenital glaucoma had significantly wider anterior chamber angle and greater anterior chamber width compared to age-matched controls. (le.ac.uk)
  • We report a case of persistent flat anterior chamber following glaucoma filtration surgery that was unresponsive to numerous choroidal taps and anterior chamber re-formations and in which perfluoropropane was successfully used. (jamanetwork.com)
  • The study was carried out on 71 consecutive eyes with primary open angle glaucoma or primary chronic angle closure glaucoma undergoing conventional trabeculectomy to compare the influence of pre-operative intracameral sodium hyaluronate 1% with hydroxypropyl methylcellulose 2% (HPMC2%) on postoperative anterior chamber depth (AC depth) and intraocular pressure (IOP) in trabeculectomy. (freethesaurus.com)
  • Yamamoto, "Effect of glaucoma implant surgery on intraocular pressure reduction, flare count, anterior chamber depth, and corneal endothelium in primary open-angle glaucoma," Japanese Journal of Ophthalmology, vol. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Indeed, in glaucoma, it is possible detect the presence of proteins which testify to what occurs in the anterior chamber. (elsevier.com)
  • Saccà, SC & Izzotti, A 2014, ' Focus on molecular events in the anterior chamber leading to glaucoma ', Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences , vol. 71, no. 12, pp. 2197-2218. (elsevier.com)
  • If the eye is red, anterior chamber depth may indicate acute glaucoma , which requires immediate attention. (wikidoc.org)
  • Novel association of smaller anterior chamber width with angle closure in Singaporeans," Ophthalmology , vol. 117, no. 10, pp. 1967-1973, 2010. (hindawi.com)
  • Niederkorn, JY & Mellon, J 1996, ' Anterior chamber-associated immune deviation promotes corneal allograft survival ', Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science , vol. 37, no. 13, pp. 2700-2707. (elsevier.com)
  • 1) Slit lamp examination of the visible anterior segment structures and aqueous for aqueous flare and cells, posterior or anterior synechiae, iris hypoplasia, abnormal iris vessels or pigmentation, Krukenberg's spindle. (academy.org.uk)
  • The anterior chamber was quiet with no cells or flare and no posterior synechia. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Trace flare was present but no hemorrhage or fibrin were observed in the anterior chamber OS. (freethesaurus.com)
  • Gonioscopy was used to classify anterior chamber angles according to a modified Shaffer system. (ovid.com)
  • With gonioscopy, no anterior synechia or second cilia were noted. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The tight capsule-optic diaphragm effectively prevented the ophthalmic viscosurgical device captured behind the optic from entering the anterior chamber postoperatively. (nih.gov)
  • Single-use cannula for maintaining and forming the anterior chamber during ophthalmic surgery by injecting or removing viscoelastic materials, BSS or air. (eye4vision.com)
  • Immune privilege in the anterior chamber is a multifaceted phenomenon that may have evolved to protect delicate ocular tissues from immune-mediated damage. (jimmunol.org)
  • We report on a phase-based method for accurately measuring the ocular pulse in the anterior chamber in vivo . (spiedigitallibrary.org)
  • Introduction: Ocular involvement by cysticercosis is uncommon and rare in the anterior chamber with 10 reports in English literature. (ebscohost.com)
  • Tamponading agents can be kept out of the anterior chamber without suffering uncontrollable postoperative raised intra-ocular pressure. (evrs.eu)
  • Cataract surgery with combined primary PCCC-POBH led to significantly lower postoperative anterior chamber reaction than conventional in-the-bag implantation during a 4-week follow-up. (nih.gov)
  • Shallow Anterior Chamber in a Severe Cas. (acibadem.edu.tr)
  • Optical biometry showed the clinically significant shallow anterior chamber. (acibadem.edu.tr)
  • Patients with shallow anterior chambers found in routine health examinations were evaluated with UBM scan. (geoscience.net)
  • Shallow anterior chamber depth usually indicates some problem. (wikidoc.org)
  • Our single-use Anterior Chamber Cannula, also known as Air Injection, Rycroft, and Viscoelastic cannula, is available from 19 to 30 gauge. (microsurgical.com)
  • Ahmed mandrel for fixing the valve in the eye's anterior chamber is a hollow tube. (google.com)
  • The results of the foregoing study demonstrate that the Scheimpflug slitlamp photographic analyses can provide an accurate measurement of the anterior chamber diameter without entering the globe surgically. (osti.gov)
  • Preliminary results show that this fully automated anterior chamber angle measurement method can achieve high accuracy and have good consistency with the manual measurement results, this has great significance for future clinical practice. (cdc.gov)
  • The Pentacam rotating Scheimpflug camera measured the following changes that occurred in the anterior chamber: depth (ACD), volume (ACV), angle (ACA) and central corneal thickness (CCT). (omicsonline.org)
  • Using the central corneal thickness (approximately 0.5 mm) as a reference, estimate the depth of the chamber. (academy.org.uk)
  • Comparison of three methods of measuring corneal thickness and anterior chamber depth. (semanticscholar.org)
  • PURPOSE To compare three different methods of measuring corneal thickness (CT) and anterior chamber depth (ACD). (semanticscholar.org)
  • In the present cases, we performed cataract aspiration and posterior chamber IOL implantation in the bag, using an anterior chamber maintainer. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Twenty two patients [25 eyes] having uncomplicated senile cataract were operated upon by intracapsular cataract extraction with primary implantation of semiflexible and flexible anterior chamber lenses. (who.int)
  • The average adult eye has a chamber depth of 3.15 mm The chamber shallows by 0.01 mm per year. (academy.org.uk)
  • An eye with an anterior chamber depth of less than 2.5 mm is at risk for angle closure. (academy.org.uk)
  • Validity and repeatability of anterior chamber depth measurements with Pentacam and Orbscan. (semanticscholar.org)
  • This study also investigated changes in anterior chamber volume, depth, and angle with SCL wear. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Phakic IOLs are designed to correct high myopia ranging from −5 to −20 D if the patient has enough anterior chamber depth (ACD) of at least 3 mm. (wikipedia.org)
  • Multiple studies have shown a 12-17 µm/year decrease in the anterior chamber depth with aging. (wikipedia.org)
  • Conclusions: This thesis presents in-vivo measurements of the anterior chamber of healthy children and children with anterior chamber pathology using HH-OCT, for the first time, with excellent feasibility and repeatability. (le.ac.uk)
  • Conclusions: Younger persons and those with the least crowded anterior chambers at baseline have the largest 2-year decreases in AOD500 and ARA. (qub.ac.uk)
  • In Experiment 1, IOP was recorded while irrigating the anterior chamber (AC), during iH, and during phacoemulsification and aspiration in 20 porcine eyes using bottle heights of 50, 70, and 90 cm. (springer.com)
  • We describe a free-floating cyst in the anterior chamber after cataract surgery in a 73-year-old woman who underwent uneventful phacoemulsification in her right eye (OD). (ebscohost.com)
  • We present a free-floating anterior chamber cyst following cataract surgery in a 69 years old woman who underwent uneventful phacoemulsification surgery in her right eye. (escrs.org)
  • Objective: To study the population distribution and longitudinal changes in anterior chamber angle width and its determinants among Chinese adults. (qub.ac.uk)
  • 9. A method to correct visual acuity in a mammalian eye, comprising: introducing the single piece corrective device of claim 1 into an anterior chamber of the mammalian eye, such that the visual acuity of the mammalian eye is corrected. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • Non-glaucomatous Caucasian subjects, who were newly referred to the outpatient department of the University Eye Clinic Maastricht UMC+, were asked to undergo anterior segment assessment with SS-OCT imaging prior to routine eye examination (including visual acuity and refractive error measurements, Goldmann applanation tonometry, slit lamp examination and funduscopy). (dovepress.com)
  • Several previews of clinical trials proved that cataract surgery improves visual acuity, changes the architectonic of the anterior chamber and reduces IOP both in glaucomatous and nonglaucomatous eyes [ 2 , 3 , 8 - 29 ]. (omicsonline.org)
  • His visual acuity was 20/20 and anterior and posterior segments were normal in the left eye. (biomedcentral.com)
  • However, only a few studies investigated the potential correlation between anterior chamber (AC) inflammation and the risk of cystoid macular changes occurring after surgery. (dovepress.com)
  • MPC is characterized by vitritis and anterior chamber inflammation. (wikipedia.org)
  • There are six classes of proteins which confirm the vascular endothelium nature of the anterior chamber and are the result of the morphofunctional trabecular meshwork decay. (elsevier.com)
  • High-resolution 6 mm angle image shows the key anatomical landmarks including scleral spur to aid in evaluation of the anterior chamber angle configuration. (zeiss.com)
  • The IOL footplates appeared to be correctly positioned in the anterior chamber angle in all eyes. (lww.com)
  • Free floating cyst in anterior chamber after cataract surgery. (ebscohost.com)
  • An unusual case of a free-floating peripheral pigmented cyst in the anterior chamber is presented. (ebscohost.com)
  • New visualization technologies, such as Pentacam rotating Scheimpflug camera (Oculus Inc., Wetzlar, Germany) help us to perform a reliable quantitative analysis of the anterior segments parameters and any changes following cataract surgery [ 34 ]. (omicsonline.org)
  • Twenty-eight fresh donor eyes (Georgia Lions Eye Bank) ranging in age from four months to 87 years were used for an in vitro study to determine the feasibility of obtaining accurate anterior chamber diameter measurements with our Scheimpflug ultraviolet-visible slitlamp densitography apparatus. (osti.gov)
  • The authors have devised an automated program to analyze the negatives and provide direct anterior chamber diameter measurements. (osti.gov)
  • Anterior chamber measurements using Pentacam rotating Scheimpflug camera. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Anterior chamber eye model (ACEM) phantoms can serve a variety of purposes, including demonstrating instrument functionality and performance in both the clinic and exhibit hall, validating corneal layer thickness measurements from different commercial instruments and as an aide for the R and D engineer and field service technician in the development and repair of instruments, respectively. (spie.org)
  • Anterior chamber measurements were significantly deeper with AS-OCT than with US immersion A-scan. (eurekamag.com)
  • 0.9 for anterior chamber angle width measurements. (le.ac.uk)
  • This study showed that females have smaller anterior chamber measurements compared to males and an association of anterior chamber development to the myopic shift during emmetropisation. (le.ac.uk)
  • A surgical video demonstrating a technique for removal of an anterior chamber parasite. (eyetube.net)
  • Retrospective analysis of data from patients who underwent surgical correction of high myopia with posterior chamber PIOL ICM V4 (STAAR Surgical) in the period from July 2005 to May 2011 was performed. (doaj.org)
  • The administration of antigens into the anterior chamber (AC) of the eye induces a special form of antigen-specific peripheral immune tolerance termed AC-associated immune deviation (ACAID), which prevents delayed-type hypersensitivity (DTH) responses and other inflammatory responses. (jimmunol.org)
  • The animals showed a positive delayed-type hypersensitivity (DTH) response at 10 days postinoculation, indicating that the anterior chamber-associated immune deviation was transient after HSV-1 inoculation. (elsevier.com)
  • To determine whether anterior chamber-associated immune deviation (ACAID) promotes corneal allograft survival. (elsevier.com)
  • We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of patients who were diagnosed with anterior chamber Ozurdex ® migration. (jkos.org)
  • Although PIOLs for hyperopia are being investigated, there is less enthusiasm for these lenses because the anterior chamber tends to be shallower than in myopic patients. (wikipedia.org)
  • Chronic Pseudophakic Cystoid Macular Edema - Haptic Migrated into Anterior Chamber Through Peripheral Iridotomy 171 views 57-year-old man with congenital nystagmus. (retinagallery.com)
  • Will you have Narrow anterior chamber angle with Vomiting in pregnancy? (ehealthme.com)
  • There is no Narrow Anterior Chamber Angle reported by people with Vomiting In Pregnancy yet. (ehealthme.com)
  • If you have Vomiting in pregnancy and Narrow anterior chamber angle, find out what symptoms you could have in 1 year or longer. (ehealthme.com)
  • Check symptoms - is your narrow anterior chamber angle caused by a drug or a condition? (ehealthme.com)
  • Forecast new side effects and undetected conditions when you have Vomiting in pregnancy and Narrow anterior chamber angle. (ehealthme.com)
  • These values offer tools for the interpretation of anterior segment images of Caucasians and differentiation between presumed mechanisms of angle closure. (dovepress.com)
  • The incidence of the cysts with corresponding chamber angle narrowing or closure in the iridociliary sulcus was 82.13% (170/207), and in the pars plicata was 22.87% (67/293). (geoscience.net)
  • If anterior chamber proteinaceous fluid is part of a more dispersed inflammatory process in the eye, it need not be diagnosed separately but should be described in the pathology narrative. (nih.gov)
  • Evaluating the anterior chamber morphometry may help to better understand the effect of cataract surgery on the lowering of IOP and on the dynamics of aqueous humor [ 33 ]. (omicsonline.org)
  • The aqueous humor (AH) that fills the anterior chamber of the eye and bathes the corneal endothelial surface contains numerous immunomodulatory molecules, such as TGF-beta, which may protect the corneal endothelium from NK cell-mediated damage. (jimmunol.org)
  • [1] Aqueous humor is the fluid that fills the anterior chamber. (wikidoc.org)
  • The anterior segment of the mice was examined with a slit-lamp, and clinical scores were evaluated simultaneously. (molvis.org)