Fetus: The unborn young of a viviparous mammal, in the postembryonic period, after the major structures have been outlined. In humans, the unborn young from the end of the eighth week after CONCEPTION until BIRTH, as distinguished from the earlier EMBRYO, MAMMALIAN.Campylobacter fetus: A species of bacteria present in man and many kinds of animals and birds, often causing infertility and/or abortion.Tritrichomonas foetus: A species of flagellate parasitic EUKARYOTE. It possesses a long undulating membrane that is bordered on its outer margin by a flagellum that becomes free posteriorly. This organism causes infections in cows that could lead to temporary infertility or abortion.Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Fetal Diseases: Pathophysiological conditions of the FETUS in the UTERUS. Some fetal diseases may be treated with FETAL THERAPIES.Gestational Age: The age of the conceptus, beginning from the time of FERTILIZATION. In clinical obstetrics, the gestational age is often estimated as the time from the last day of the last MENSTRUATION which is about 2 weeks before OVULATION and fertilization.Ultrasonography, Prenatal: The visualization of tissues during pregnancy through recording of the echoes of ultrasonic waves directed into the body. The procedure may be applied with reference to the mother or the fetus and with reference to organs or the detection of maternal or fetal disease.Maternal-Fetal Exchange: Exchange of substances between the maternal blood and the fetal blood at the PLACENTA via PLACENTAL CIRCULATION. The placental barrier excludes microbial or viral transmission.Fetal Heart: The heart of the fetus of any viviparous animal. It refers to the heart in the postembryonic period and is differentiated from the embryonic heart (HEART/embryology) only on the basis of time.Prenatal Diagnosis: Determination of the nature of a pathological condition or disease in the postimplantation EMBRYO; FETUS; or pregnant female before birth.Fetal Growth Retardation: The failure of a FETUS to attain its expected FETAL GROWTH at any GESTATIONAL AGE.Placenta: A highly vascularized mammalian fetal-maternal organ and major site of transport of oxygen, nutrients, and fetal waste products. It includes a fetal portion (CHORIONIC VILLI) derived from TROPHOBLASTS and a maternal portion (DECIDUA) derived from the uterine ENDOMETRIUM. The placenta produces an array of steroid, protein and peptide hormones (PLACENTAL HORMONES).Pregnancy Trimester, Second: The middle third of a human PREGNANCY, from the beginning of the 15th through the 28th completed week (99 to 196 days) of gestation.Abortion, Veterinary: Premature expulsion of the FETUS in animals.Heart Rate, Fetal: The heart rate of the FETUS. The normal range at term is between 120 and 160 beats per minute.Sheep: Any of the ruminant mammals with curved horns in the genus Ovis, family Bovidae. They possess lachrymal grooves and interdigital glands, which are absent in GOATS.Fetal Development: Morphological and physiological development of FETUSES.Fetal Death: Death of the developing young in utero. BIRTH of a dead FETUS is STILLBIRTH.Embryonic and Fetal Development: Morphological and physiological development of EMBRYOS or FETUSES.Amniotic Fluid: A clear, yellowish liquid that envelopes the FETUS inside the sac of AMNION. In the first trimester, it is likely a transudate of maternal or fetal plasma. In the second trimester, amniotic fluid derives primarily from fetal lung and kidney. Cells or substances in this fluid can be removed for prenatal diagnostic tests (AMNIOCENTESIS).Hydrops Fetalis: Abnormal accumulation of serous fluid in two or more fetal compartments, such as SKIN; PLEURA; PERICARDIUM; PLACENTA; PERITONEUM; AMNIOTIC FLUID. General fetal EDEMA may be of non-immunologic origin, or of immunologic origin as in the case of ERYTHROBLASTOSIS FETALIS.Umbilical Arteries: Specialized arterial vessels in the umbilical cord. They carry waste and deoxygenated blood from the FETUS to the mother via the PLACENTA. In humans, there are usually two umbilical arteries but sometimes one.Fetal Weight: The weight of the FETUS in utero. It is usually estimated by various formulas based on measurements made during PRENATAL ULTRASONOGRAPHY.Fetal Hypoxia: Deficient oxygenation of FETAL BLOOD.Tritrichomonas: A genus of flagellate EUKARYOTES possessing three long anterior flagella.Pregnancy Trimester, Third: The last third of a human PREGNANCY, from the beginning of the 29th through the 42nd completed week (197 to 294 days) of gestation.Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Pregnancy Trimester, First: The beginning third of a human PREGNANCY, from the first day of the last normal menstrual period (MENSTRUATION) through the completion of 14 weeks (98 days) of gestation.Fetal Blood: Blood of the fetus. Exchange of nutrients and waste between the fetal and maternal blood occurs via the PLACENTA. The cord blood is blood contained in the umbilical vessels (UMBILICAL CORD) at the time of delivery.Crown-Rump Length: In utero measurement corresponding to the sitting height (crown to rump) of the fetus. Length is considered a more accurate criterion of the age of the fetus than is the weight. The average crown-rump length of the fetus at term is 36 cm. (From Williams Obstetrics, 18th ed, p91)Amniocentesis: Percutaneous transabdominal puncture of the uterus during pregnancy to obtain amniotic fluid. It is commonly used for fetal karyotype determination in order to diagnose abnormal fetal conditions.Down Syndrome: A chromosome disorder associated either with an extra chromosome 21 or an effective trisomy for chromosome 21. Clinical manifestations include hypotonia, short stature, brachycephaly, upslanting palpebral fissures, epicanthus, Brushfield spots on the iris, protruding tongue, small ears, short, broad hands, fifth finger clinodactyly, Simian crease, and moderate to severe INTELLECTUAL DISABILITY. Cardiac and gastrointestinal malformations, a marked increase in the incidence of LEUKEMIA, and the early onset of ALZHEIMER DISEASE are also associated with this condition. Pathologic features include the development of NEUROFIBRILLARY TANGLES in neurons and the deposition of AMYLOID BETA-PROTEIN, similar to the pathology of ALZHEIMER DISEASE. (Menkes, Textbook of Child Neurology, 5th ed, p213)Fetal Movement: Physical activity of the FETUS in utero. Gross or fine fetal body movement can be monitored by the mother, PALPATION, or ULTRASONOGRAPHY.Fetal Monitoring: Physiologic or biochemical monitoring of the fetus. It is usually done during LABOR, OBSTETRIC and may be performed in conjunction with the monitoring of uterine activity. It may also be performed prenatally as when the mother is undergoing surgery.Pregnancy, Animal: The process of bearing developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero in non-human mammals, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Trisomy: The possession of a third chromosome of any one type in an otherwise diploid cell.Protozoan Infections, Animal: Infections with unicellular organisms formerly members of the subkingdom Protozoa. The infections may be experimental or veterinary.Hernia, Diaphragmatic: Protrusion of abdominal structures into the THORAX as a result of congenital or traumatic defects in the respiratory DIAPHRAGM.Nuchal Translucency Measurement: A prenatal ultrasonography measurement of the soft tissue behind the fetal neck. Either the translucent area below the skin in the back of the fetal neck (nuchal translucency) or the distance between occipital bone to the outer skin line (nuchal fold) is measured.Abortion, Eugenic: Abortion performed because of possible fetal defects.Chromosome Disorders: Clinical conditions caused by an abnormal chromosome constitution in which there is extra or missing chromosome material (either a whole chromosome or a chromosome segment). (from Thompson et al., Genetics in Medicine, 5th ed, p429)Placental Insufficiency: Failure of the PLACENTA to deliver an adequate supply of nutrients and OXYGEN to the FETUS.Heart Defects, Congenital: Developmental abnormalities involving structures of the heart. These defects are present at birth but may be discovered later in life.Protozoan Infections: Infections with unicellular organisms formerly members of the subkingdom Protozoa.Oligohydramnios: A condition of abnormally low AMNIOTIC FLUID volume. Principal causes include malformations of fetal URINARY TRACT; FETAL GROWTH RETARDATION; GESTATIONAL HYPERTENSION; nicotine poisoning; and PROLONGED PREGNANCY.Ultrasonography, Doppler: Ultrasonography applying the Doppler effect, with frequency-shifted ultrasound reflections produced by moving targets (usually red blood cells) in the bloodstream along the ultrasound axis in direct proportion to the velocity of movement of the targets, to determine both direction and velocity of blood flow. (Stedman, 25th ed)Cordocentesis: The collecting of fetal blood samples typically via ENDOSCOPIC ULTRASOUND GUIDED FINE NEEDLE ASPIRATION from the umbilical vein.Abnormalities, Drug-Induced: Congenital abnormalities caused by medicinal substances or drugs of abuse given to or taken by the mother, or to which she is inadvertently exposed during the manufacture of such substances. The concept excludes abnormalities resulting from exposure to non-medicinal chemicals in the environment.Trichomonas: A genus of parasitic flagellate EUKARYOTES distinguished by the presence of four anterior flagella, an undulating membrane, and a trailing flagellum.Pregnancy Complications: Conditions or pathological processes associated with pregnancy. They can occur during or after pregnancy, and range from minor discomforts to serious diseases that require medical interventions. They include diseases in pregnant females, and pregnancies in females with diseases.Fetal Distress: A nonreassuring fetal status (NRFS) indicating that the FETUS is compromised (American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists 1988). It can be identified by sub-optimal values in FETAL HEART RATE; oxygenation of FETAL BLOOD; and other parameters.Chorionic Villi Sampling: A method for diagnosis of fetal diseases by sampling the cells of the placental chorionic villi for DNA analysis, presence of bacteria, concentration of metabolites, etc. The advantage over amniocentesis is that the procedure can be carried out in the first trimester.Blood Transfusion, Intrauterine: In utero transfusion of BLOOD into the FETUS for the treatment of FETAL DISEASES, such as fetal erythroblastosis (ERYTHROBLASTOSIS, FETAL).Fetal Viability: The potential of the FETUS to survive outside the UTERUS after birth, natural or induced. Fetal viability depends largely on the FETAL ORGAN MATURITY, and environmental conditions.Umbilical Cord: The flexible rope-like structure that connects a developing FETUS to the PLACENTA in mammals. The cord contains blood vessels which carry oxygen and nutrients from the mother to the fetus and waste products away from the fetus.Blood Flow Velocity: A value equal to the total volume flow divided by the cross-sectional area of the vascular bed.Abnormalities, MultipleCampylobacter Infections: Infections with bacteria of the genus CAMPYLOBACTER.Fetal Resorption: The disintegration and assimilation of the dead FETUS in the UTERUS at any stage after the completion of organogenesis which, in humans, is after the 9th week of GESTATION. It does not include embryo resorption (see EMBRYO LOSS).Neck: The part of a human or animal body connecting the HEAD to the rest of the body.Karyotyping: Mapping of the KARYOTYPE of a cell.Congenital Abnormalities: Malformations of organs or body parts during development in utero.Ultrasonography, Doppler, Pulsed: Ultrasonography applying the Doppler effect, with velocity detection combined with range discrimination. Short bursts of ultrasound are transmitted at regular intervals and the echoes are demodulated as they return.Placental Circulation: The circulation of BLOOD, of both the mother and the FETUS, through the PLACENTA.Uterus: The hollow thick-walled muscular organ in the female PELVIS. It consists of the fundus (the body) which is the site of EMBRYO IMPLANTATION and FETAL DEVELOPMENT. Beyond the isthmus at the perineal end of fundus, is CERVIX UTERI (the neck) opening into VAGINA. Beyond the isthmi at the upper abdominal end of fundus, are the FALLOPIAN TUBES.Gastroschisis: A congenital defect with major fissure in the ABDOMINAL WALL lateral to, but not at, the UMBILICUS. This results in the extrusion of VISCERA. Unlike OMPHALOCELE, herniated structures in gastroschisis are not covered by a sac or PERITONEUM.Cattle Diseases: Diseases of domestic cattle of the genus Bos. It includes diseases of cows, yaks, and zebus.Abortion, Therapeutic: Abortion induced to save the life or health of a pregnant woman. (From Dorland, 28th ed)Nasal Bone: Either one of the two small elongated rectangular bones that together form the bridge of the nose.Cardiotocography: Monitoring of FETAL HEART frequency before birth in order to assess impending prematurity in relation to the pattern or intensity of antepartum UTERINE CONTRACTION.Rh Isoimmunization: The process by which fetal Rh+ erythrocytes enter the circulation of an Rh- mother, causing her to produce IMMUNOGLOBULIN G antibodies, which can cross the placenta and destroy the erythrocytes of Rh+ fetuses. Rh isoimmunization can also be caused by BLOOD TRANSFUSION with mismatched blood.Fetoscopy: Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the fetus and amniotic cavity through abdominal or uterine entry.Campylobacter: A genus of bacteria found in the reproductive organs, intestinal tract, and oral cavity of animals and man. Some species are pathogenic.Fetal Therapies: Prenatal interventions to correct fetal anomalies or treat FETAL DISEASES in utero. Fetal therapies include several major areas, such as open surgery; FETOSCOPY; pharmacological therapy; INTRAUTERINE TRANSFUSION; STEM CELL TRANSPLANTATION; and GENETIC THERAPY.Spina Bifida Cystica: A form of spinal dysraphism associated with a protruding cyst made up of either meninges (i.e., a MENINGOCELE) or meninges in combination with spinal cord tissue (i.e., a MENINGOMYELOCELE). These lesions are frequently associated with spinal cord dysfunction, HYDROCEPHALUS, and SYRINGOMYELIA. (From Davis et al., Textbook of Neuropathology, 2nd ed, pp224-5)Pregnancy in Diabetics: The state of PREGNANCY in women with DIABETES MELLITUS. This does not include either symptomatic diabetes or GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE induced by pregnancy (DIABETES, GESTATIONAL) which resolves at the end of pregnancy.Fetal Organ Maturity: Functional competence of specific organs or body systems of the FETUS in utero.Litter Size: The number of offspring produced at one birth by a viviparous animal.Ductus Arteriosus: A fetal blood vessel connecting the pulmonary artery with the descending aorta.Erythroblastosis, Fetal: A condition characterized by the abnormal presence of ERYTHROBLASTS in the circulation of the FETUS or NEWBORNS. It is a disorder due to BLOOD GROUP INCOMPATIBILITY, such as the maternal alloimmunization by fetal antigen RH FACTORS leading to HEMOLYSIS of ERYTHROCYTES, hemolytic anemia (ANEMIA, HEMOLYTIC), general edema (HYDROPS FETALIS), and SEVERE JAUNDICE IN NEWBORN.Polyhydramnios: A condition of abnormally high AMNIOTIC FLUID volume, such as greater than 2,000 ml in the LAST TRIMESTER and usually diagnosed by ultrasonographic criteria (AMNIOTIC FLUID INDEX). It is associated with maternal DIABETES MELLITUS; MULTIPLE PREGNANCY; CHROMOSOMAL DISORDERS; and congenital abnormalities.Sheep, Domestic: A species of sheep, Ovis aries, descended from Near Eastern wild forms, especially mouflon.Pregnancy, High-Risk: Pregnancy in which the mother and/or FETUS are at greater than normal risk of MORBIDITY or MORTALITY. Causes include inadequate PRENATAL CARE, previous obstetrical history (ABORTION, SPONTANEOUS), pre-existing maternal disease, pregnancy-induced disease (GESTATIONAL HYPERTENSION), and MULTIPLE PREGNANCY, as well as advanced maternal age above 35.Animals, Newborn: Refers to animals in the period of time just after birth.Pulsatile Flow: Rhythmic, intermittent propagation of a fluid through a BLOOD VESSEL or piping system, in contrast to constant, smooth propagation, which produces laminar flow.Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects: The consequences of exposing the FETUS in utero to certain factors, such as NUTRITION PHYSIOLOGICAL PHENOMENA; PHYSIOLOGICAL STRESS; DRUGS; RADIATION; and other physical or chemical factors. These consequences are observed later in the offspring after BIRTH.Chromosomes, Human, Pair 18: A specific pair of GROUP E CHROMOSOMES of the human chromosome classification.Cattle: Domesticated bovine animals of the genus Bos, usually kept on a farm or ranch and used for the production of meat or dairy products or for heavy labor.Organ Size: The measurement of an organ in volume, mass, or heaviness.Twins: Two individuals derived from two FETUSES that were fertilized at or about the same time, developed in the UTERUS simultaneously, and born to the same mother. Twins are either monozygotic (TWINS, MONOZYGOTIC) or dizygotic (TWINS, DIZYGOTIC).Pregnancy, Multiple: The condition of carrying two or more FETUSES simultaneously.Maternal Exposure: Exposure of the female parent, human or animal, to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents in the environment or to environmental factors that may include ionizing radiation, pathogenic organisms, or toxic chemicals that may affect offspring. It includes pre-conception maternal exposure.Maternal Age: The age of the mother in PREGNANCY.Imaging, Three-Dimensional: The process of generating three-dimensional images by electronic, photographic, or other methods. For example, three-dimensional images can be generated by assembling multiple tomographic images with the aid of a computer, while photographic 3-D images (HOLOGRAPHY) can be made by exposing film to the interference pattern created when two laser light sources shine on an object.Anencephaly: A malformation of the nervous system caused by failure of the anterior neuropore to close. Infants are born with intact spinal cords, cerebellums, and brainstems, but lack formation of neural structures above this level. The skull is only partially formed but the eyes are usually normal. This condition may be associated with folate deficiency. Affected infants are only capable of primitive (brain stem) reflexes and usually do not survive for more than two weeks. (From Menkes, Textbook of Child Neurology, 5th ed, p247)Abortion, Induced: Intentional removal of a fetus from the uterus by any of a number of techniques. (POPLINE, 1978)Abortion, Spontaneous: Expulsion of the product of FERTILIZATION before completing the term of GESTATION and without deliberate interference.Infant, Small for Gestational Age: An infant having a birth weight lower than expected for its gestational age.Head: The upper part of the human body, or the front or upper part of the body of an animal, typically separated from the rest of the body by a neck, and containing the brain, mouth, and sense organs.Placenta Diseases: Pathological processes or abnormal functions of the PLACENTA.Maternal-Fetal Relations: The bond or lack thereof between a pregnant woman and her FETUS.Blood Gas Analysis: Measurement of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the blood.Echocardiography, Four-Dimensional: Dynamic three-dimensional echocardiography using the added dimension of time to impart the cinematic perception of motion. (Mayo Clin Proc 1993;68:221-40)Hydrocortisone: The main glucocorticoid secreted by the ADRENAL CORTEX. Its synthetic counterpart is used, either as an injection or topically, in the treatment of inflammation, allergy, collagen diseases, asthma, adrenocortical deficiency, shock, and some neoplastic conditions.Echoencephalography: Use of reflected ultrasound in the diagnosis of intracranial pathologic processes.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Labor, Obstetric: The repetitive uterine contraction during childbirth which is associated with the progressive dilation of the uterine cervix (CERVIX UTERI). Successful labor results in the expulsion of the FETUS and PLACENTA. Obstetric labor can be spontaneous or induced (LABOR, INDUCED).Teratogens: An agent that causes the production of physical defects in the developing embryo.Sensitivity and Specificity: Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Cesarean Section: Extraction of the FETUS by means of abdominal HYSTEROTOMY.Ultrasonography, Doppler, Color: Ultrasonography applying the Doppler effect, with the superposition of flow information as colors on a gray scale in a real-time image. This type of ultrasonography is well-suited to identifying the location of high-velocity flow (such as in a stenosis) or of mapping the extent of flow in a certain region.Aneuploidy: The chromosomal constitution of cells which deviate from the normal by the addition or subtraction of CHROMOSOMES, chromosome pairs, or chromosome fragments. In a normally diploid cell (DIPLOIDY) the loss of a chromosome pair is termed nullisomy (symbol: 2N-2), the loss of a single chromosome is MONOSOMY (symbol: 2N-1), the addition of a chromosome pair is tetrasomy (symbol: 2N+2), the addition of a single chromosome is TRISOMY (symbol: 2N+1).Trophoblasts: Cells lining the outside of the BLASTOCYST. After binding to the ENDOMETRIUM, trophoblasts develop into two distinct layers, an inner layer of mononuclear cytotrophoblasts and an outer layer of continuous multinuclear cytoplasm, the syncytiotrophoblasts, which form the early fetal-maternal interface (PLACENTA).Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Chromosome Aberrations: Abnormal number or structure of chromosomes. Chromosome aberrations may result in CHROMOSOME DISORDERS.Umbilical Veins: Venous vessels in the umbilical cord. They carry oxygenated, nutrient-rich blood from the mother to the FETUS via the PLACENTA. In humans, there is normally one umbilical vein.Liver: A large lobed glandular organ in the abdomen of vertebrates that is responsible for detoxification, metabolism, synthesis and storage of various substances.Reference Values: The range or frequency distribution of a measurement in a population (of organisms, organs or things) that has not been selected for the presence of disease or abnormality.Chromosomes, Human, Pair 13: A specific pair of GROUP D CHROMOSOMES of the human chromosome classification.Ultrasonography: The visualization of deep structures of the body by recording the reflections or echoes of ultrasonic pulses directed into the tissues. Use of ultrasound for imaging or diagnostic purposes employs frequencies ranging from 1.6 to 10 megahertz.Extraembryonic Membranes: The thin layers of tissue that surround the developing embryo. There are four extra-embryonic membranes commonly found in VERTEBRATES, such as REPTILES; BIRDS; and MAMMALS. They are the YOLK SAC, the ALLANTOIS, the AMNION, and the CHORION. These membranes provide protection and means to transport nutrients and wastes.Swine: Any of various animals that constitute the family Suidae and comprise stout-bodied, short-legged omnivorous mammals with thick skin, usually covered with coarse bristles, a rather long mobile snout, and small tail. Included are the genera Babyrousa, Phacochoerus (wart hogs), and Sus, the latter containing the domestic pig (see SUS SCROFA).Pregnancy Complications, Neoplastic: The co-occurrence of pregnancy and NEOPLASMS. The neoplastic disease may precede or follow FERTILIZATION.Forehead: The part of the face above the eyes.Micrognathism: Abnormally small jaw.Pregnancy Reduction, Multifetal: Selective abortion of one or more embryos or fetuses in a multiple gestation pregnancy. The usual goal is to improve the outcome for the remaining embryos or fetuses.Fetofetal Transfusion: Passage of blood from one fetus to another via an arteriovenous communication or other shunt, in a monozygotic twin pregnancy. It results in anemia in one twin and polycythemia in the other. (Lee et al., Wintrobe's Clinical Hematology, 9th ed, p737-8)Embryo, Mammalian: The entity of a developing mammal (MAMMALS), generally from the cleavage of a ZYGOTE to the end of embryonic differentiation of basic structures. For the human embryo, this represents the first two months of intrauterine development preceding the stages of the FETUS.Dandy-Walker Syndrome: A congenital abnormality of the central nervous system marked by failure of the midline structures of the cerebellum to develop, dilation of the fourth ventricle, and upward displacement of the transverse sinuses, tentorium, and torcula. Clinical features include occipital bossing, progressive head enlargement, bulging of anterior fontanelle, papilledema, ataxia, gait disturbances, nystagmus, and intellectual compromise. (From Menkes, Textbook of Child Neurology, 5th ed, pp294-5)Personhood: The state or condition of being a human individual accorded moral and/or legal rights. Criteria to be used to determine this status are subject to debate, and range from the requirement of simply being a human organism to such requirements as that the individual be self-aware and capable of rational thought and moral agency.Holoprosencephaly: Anterior midline brain, cranial, and facial malformations resulting from the failure of the embryonic prosencephalon to undergo segmentation and cleavage. Alobar prosencephaly is the most severe form and features anophthalmia; cyclopia; severe INTELLECTUAL DISABILITY; CLEFT LIP; CLEFT PALATE; SEIZURES; and microcephaly. Semilobar holoprosencepaly is characterized by hypotelorism, microphthalmia, coloboma, nasal malformations, and variable degrees of INTELLECTUAL DISABILITY. Lobar holoprosencephaly is associated with mild (or absent) facial malformations and intellectual abilities that range from mild INTELLECTUAL DISABILITY to normal. Holoprosencephaly is associated with CHROMOSOME ABNORMALITIES.Breech Presentation: A malpresentation of the FETUS at near term or during OBSTETRIC LABOR with the fetal cephalic pole in the fundus of the UTERUS. There are three types of breech: the complete breech with flexed hips and knees; the incomplete breech with one or both hips partially or fully extended; the frank breech with flexed hips and extended knees.Pregnancy Complications, Cardiovascular: The co-occurrence of pregnancy and a cardiovascular disease. The disease may precede or follow FERTILIZATION and it may or may not have a deleterious effect on the pregnant woman or FETUS.Lung: Either of the pair of organs occupying the cavity of the thorax that effect the aeration of the blood.Agenesis of Corpus Callosum: Birth defect that results in a partial or complete absence of the CORPUS CALLOSUM. It may be isolated or a part of a syndrome (e.g., AICARDI'S SYNDROME; ACROCALLOSAL SYNDROME; ANDERMANN SYNDROME; and HOLOPROSENCEPHALY). Clinical manifestations include neuromotor skill impairment and INTELLECTUAL DISABILITY of variable severity.Neural Tube Defects: Congenital malformations of the central nervous system and adjacent structures related to defective neural tube closure during the first trimester of pregnancy generally occurring between days 18-29 of gestation. Ectodermal and mesodermal malformations (mainly involving the skull and vertebrae) may occur as a result of defects of neural tube closure. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1992, Ch55, pp31-41)Adrenal Glands: A pair of glands located at the cranial pole of each of the two KIDNEYS. Each adrenal gland is composed of two distinct endocrine tissues with separate embryonic origins, the ADRENAL CORTEX producing STEROIDS and the ADRENAL MEDULLA producing NEUROTRANSMITTERS.Magnetocardiography: The measurement of magnetic fields generated by electric currents from the heart. The measurement of these fields provides information which is complementary to that provided by ELECTROCARDIOGRAPHY.Cloning, Organism: The formation of one or more genetically identical organisms derived by vegetative reproduction from a single cell. The source nuclear material can be embryo-derived, fetus-derived, or taken from an adult somatic cell.Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome: A condition caused by underdevelopment of the whole left half of the heart. It is characterized by hypoplasia of the left cardiac chambers (HEART ATRIUM; HEART VENTRICLE), the AORTA, the AORTIC VALVE, and the MITRAL VALVE. Severe symptoms appear in early infancy when DUCTUS ARTERIOSUS closes.Middle Cerebral Artery: The largest of the cerebral arteries. It trifurcates into temporal, frontal, and parietal branches supplying blood to most of the parenchyma of these lobes in the CEREBRAL CORTEX. These are the areas involved in motor, sensory, and speech activities.Chorion: The outermost extra-embryonic membrane surrounding the developing embryo. In REPTILES and BIRDS, it adheres to the shell and allows exchange of gases between the egg and its environment. In MAMMALS, the chorion evolves into the fetal contribution of the PLACENTA.Amnion: The innermost membranous sac that surrounds and protects the developing embryo which is bathed in the AMNIOTIC FLUID. Amnion cells are secretory EPITHELIAL CELLS and contribute to the amniotic fluid.Biometry: The use of statistical and mathematical methods to analyze biological observations and phenomena.Abnormalities, Radiation-Induced: Congenital changes in the morphology of organs produced by exposure to ionizing or non-ionizing radiation.Body Weight: The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.Abdomen: That portion of the body that lies between the THORAX and the PELVIS.Vena Cava, Inferior: The venous trunk which receives blood from the lower extremities and from the pelvic and abdominal organs.Abortion, Legal: Termination of pregnancy under conditions allowed under local laws. (POPLINE Thesaurus, 1991)
Garbhadhana (pregnancy), Pumsavana (rite celebrating the fetus, many translate it as quickening a male fetus), Simantonnayana ( ... Quickening the fetus rite, Pumsavana[edit]. Pumsavana (IAST: puṃsavana, Sanskrit: पुंसवन) is a composite word of Pums + savana ... The ceremony celebrates the rite of passage of the developing fetus, marking the stage where the baby begins to kick as a ... "quickening a male fetus, bringing forth a male baby".[41] It is a ritual conducted when the pregnancy begins to show, typically ...
Follow-up on fetus[edit]. In addition to regular prenatal care, prenatal aneuploidy screening based on maternal age, nuchal ... In vanishing twin pregnancies with a second gestational sac with a dead fetus, first trimester screening should be based solely ...
The stress that the mother experiences affects the fetus and the fetus' growth which can include the fetus' nervous system ( ... Insulin secretion in fetus starts around 12th week of gestation. Nutrition[edit]. The fetus passes through 3 phases of ... Cocaine use results in a smaller brain, which results in learning disabilities for the fetus. Cocaine puts the fetus at a ... Maternal alcohol use leads to disruptions of the fetus's brain development, interferes with the fetus's cell development and ...
The stress that the mother experiences affects the fetus and the fetus' growth which can include the fetus' nervous system ( ... Development of the fetus[edit]. Further information: Fetus § Development. Fetal development is the third of the three stages of ... Cocaine use results in a smaller brain, which results in learning disabilities for the fetus. Cocaine puts the fetus at a ... Maternal alcohol use leads to disruptions of the fetus's brain development, interferes with the fetus's cell development and ...
Fetus and neonate[edit]. *Ghrelin is produced early by the fetal lung and promotes lung growth.[64] ...
Initiation of production in fetuses[edit]. Thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) is released from hypothalamus by 6 - 8 weeks, ... adequate levels of maternal thyroid hormone are vital in order to ensure thyroid hormone availability for the fetus and its ... Fetal self-sufficiency of thyroid hormones protects the fetus against e.g. brain development abnormalities caused by maternal ...
At the time of hatching, the fetus becomes detached from the chorion as it emerges from the shell. ... the chorion is one of the fetal membranes that exist during pregnancy between the developing fetus and mother. The chorion and ...
... creating a second arena for conflict between the mother and the fetus. The fetus will have a lower quality cut off point for ... A tripartite (fetus-mother-father) immune conflict in humans and other placentals[edit]. Further information: Microchimerism ... There is also conflict over blood supply to the placenta, with the fetus being prepared to demand a larger blood supply than is ... 1.6 A tripartite (fetus-mother-father) immune conflict in humans and other placentals ...
Additional protection for pregnant women, human fetuses, and neonates[edit]. The U.S. Department of Health & Human Services ... If a study cannot be approved by these conditions but offers great potential for the health of pregnant women, fetuses, or ... For research on pregnant women and fetuses, condition topics include preclinical risk studies, minimizing risk, no money (or ... There are also specific conditions for research involving post-delivery placenta, dead fetus, or fetal material. These require ...
Pig fetus.. Footnotes[edit]. *^ Colin P. Groves (1995). "On the nomenclature of domestic animals" (PDF). Bulletin of Zoological ...
A variant hemoglobin, called fetal hemoglobin (HbF, α2γ2), is found in the developing fetus, and binds oxygen with greater ...
... "fetus" is used. The term "infant" is typically applied to young children under one year of age; however, definitions may vary ...
A fetus or foetus is the stage that an organism goes through before it is born as a baby. In humans a fetus is the stage (time ... Retrieved from "https://simple.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Fetus&oldid=6683632" ...
Committee On Fetus Newborn; Blackmon, D. G.; Adamkin, L. R.; Bell, D. H.; Denson, E. F.; Engle, S. E.; Martin, W. A.; Stark, G ... In a 2005 commentary, the Committee on Fetus and Newborn of the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) released an analysis of ...
Excision of the Fetus. Sight. *L520) Volume X. Generation. Nature of the Child. Diseases 4. Nature of Women. Barrenness ...
previous (high risk) fetus. *HIV infection of the mother with a high viral load (HIV with a low maternal viral load is not ... In rare cases, caesarean sections can be used to remove a dead fetus. A late-term abortion using Caesarean section procedures ... Unlike other forms of caesarean section, the welfare of the fetus is a secondary priority only, and the procedure may be ... that may have reflected a way of saving some fetuses. Roman practice requiring a living mother to be in her tenth month of ...
... partially extracting and performing surgery on the tiny fetus, and then restoring the fetus to the uterus back inside the ... This was the surgical team's 54th operation on a fetus still in the uterus.[3] During the operation, Dr. Joseph Bruner opened ... "Fetus Hand Reaches Out". Famous Pictures Magazine. 2007. Retrieved 2013-08-17.. .mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style: ... "Hand of a Fetus Touched the World." USA Today. 2 May 2000 (p. D8) ...
Development of embryo and fetus. Main articles: Prenatal development, Human embryogenesis, and Fetus ... The fetus is genetically different from the woman and can be viewed as an unusually successful allograft.[34] The main reason ... The fetus continues to grow in both weight and length, although the majority of the physical growth occurs in the last weeks of ... The fetus moves regularly, and is felt by the woman. Fetal movement can become strong and be disruptive to the woman. The ...
It consisted of him cooking and eating what is alleged to be a human fetus. The picture, circulated on the internet via e-mail ... It was intended as "shock art". Snopes and other urban legend sites have said the "fetus" used by Zhu Yu was most likely ... June 19, 2001). "Fetus Feast. Urban Legends Reference Pages. Retrieved July 8, 2006. Berghuis 2006, p. 163. Davis 2009, p. 729 ... Other images from another art exhibit were falsely circulated along with Zhu Yu's photos and claimed to be evidence of fetus ...
The fetus is said to suffer from acrania if it meets the following criteria: the fetus should have a perfectly normal facial ... Acrania is a rare congenital disorder that occurs in the human fetus in which the flat bones in the cranial vault are either ... This abnormality appears during the beginning or end of the fourth week of the fetus's development. An absence of the skull is ... During the fourth week of human development the neuropore in a normally developing fetus closes. When this process is either ...
Pig fetus. Pig testis. Pig scrotal sac. Female reproductive tract of a pig. Pig fetus. Colin P. Groves (1995). "On the ...
"Dying Fetus". Allmusic. Retrieved 2009-07-17. Sharpe-Young, Garry. "Dylath-Leen". MusicMight. Retrieved 2009-07-17. Rivadavia, ...
... (Aymara sullu miscarried (fetus), Quechua sullu miscarriage; unborn fetus; key for doors or boxes, hispanicized ...
"Dying Fetus". Allmusic. Retrieved 2009-12-20. Mueller, Chelsea (February 9, 2006). "Ed Gein". Phoenix New Times. Retrieved ...
Goat fetus. Goat scrotal sac. Goat uterus. Goat racing Butcher, Edmund (editor). "Current Status". BritishFeralGoat.org.uk. ...
Public Hearing - Interruption of Pregnancy - Anencephalic Fetus. Public Hearing - Interruption of Pregnancy - Anencephalic ... As an example, we cite the case of the girl Marcela, who was supposedly an anencephalic fetus who lived after childbirth for 1 ... The Public Hearing on the interruption of pregnancy of anencephalic fetuses was convened in the course of the trial of ADPF No ... According to the National Confederation of Health Workers, in the case of an anencephalic fetus, there is no extra-uterine ...
... spirally curved rods that are motile by means of a polar flagellum at one or both poles Explanation of Campylobacter fetus ... Find out information about Campylobacter fetus. A genus of bacteria in the family Spirillaceae; ... Genetic divergence of Campylobacter fetus strains of mammal and reptile origins.. Campylobacter fetus of reptile origin as a ... redirected from Campylobacter fetus). Also found in: Dictionary, Medical, Wikipedia.. Related to Campylobacter fetus: ...
Campylobacter fetus subsp. venerealis is an important venereal pathogen. We sequenced the genomes of Campylobacter fetus subsp ... Draft genome sequences of Campylobacter fetus subsp. venerealis bv. venerealis strain B6 and bv. intermedius strain 642-21. ... Draft genome sequences of Campylobacter fetus subsp. venerealis bv. venerealis strain B6 and bv. intermedius strain 642-21. ...
Examination of the second-trimester fetus with severe oligohydramnios using transvaginal scanning. Diagnostic and therapeutic ... but results were obscured by the position of the fetus. Transvaginal ultrasound was able to visualize the fetus, which was ... This method has been proven to be effective in imaging the fetus during the first three months of pregnancy. Transvaginal ... Ultrasonography is a diagnostic method in which sound waves are used to visualize the fetus, but this technique requires an ...
It establishes the fetus as a person, opening the door to possible bans on abortion and the arrest of pregnant women for crimes ... Reporters should call bill giving legal rights to fetus "personhood," not "fetal homicide". Wednesday, April 15th, 2015 In ... If this suggestion of personhood is established, the case for abortion, of course, collapses, for the fetus right to life ... to get counseling on the ability of a fetus to feel pain. Read about distractive state abortion laws here and proposed laws in ...
The fetus was no longer breech after nine visits and the mother delivered a healthy baby. ...
Fetus in fetu (or foetus in foetu) is a developmental abnormality in which a mass of tissue resembling a fetus forms inside the ... Fetus in fetu may be a parasitic twin fetus growing within its host twin. Very early in a monozygotic twin pregnancy, in which ... Accordingly, while a fetus in fetu can share select morphological features with a normal fetus, it has no prospect of any life ... There are two theories of origin concerning "fetus in fetu". One theory is that the mass begins as a normal fetus but becomes ...
... fetus (about 3-1/2 months gestational age) Fetus at 4-1/4 months Fetus at 5 months The placenta functions as a maternal-fetal ... The fetuses of most mammals are situated similarly to the human fetus within their mothers. However, the anatomy of the area ... A fetus is a stage in the prenatal development of viviparous organisms. In human development, a fetus or foetus (/ˈfiːtəs/; ... The word fetus (plural fetuses) is from the Latin fētus ("offspring", "bringing forth", "hatching of young"). The British, ...
fetus, term used to describe the unborn offspring in the uterus of vertebrate animals after the embryonic stage (see embryo [1 ... Fetuses expelled before that period are not viable and are termed either a miscarriage or an abortion. A dead fetus delivered ... The abortion of a fetus continues to be an emotional debate that involves the rights of the fetus and the mother.. ... fe·tus / ˈfētəs/ • n. (pl. -tus·es ) an unborn offspring of a mammal, in particular an unborn human baby more than eight weeks ...
A brief treatment of the fetus follows. For more information on the human fetus, see pregnancy. Biologists arbitrarily speak of ... Fetus, the unborn young of any vertebrate animal, particularly of a mammal, after it has attained the basic form and structure ... Expulsion of a dead fetus thereafter is considered a stillbirth and of a living fetus a premature birth. Postmature birth is ... Leonardo da Vinci: pen-and-ink studies of human fetusHuman fetus, pen-and-ink studies by Leonardo da Vinci, c. 1510.. ...
Fetuss channel here - https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCEnSMHG02Pvf32KxSiEz-KQ Check out my main channel here - https://www. ... Please go and sub to Space_Fetuss channel here - https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCEnS.... Check out my main channel here - ...
fetus at BacDive - the Bacterial Diversity Metadatabase Type strain of Campylobacter fetus subsp. venerealis at BacDive - the ... fetus is oxidase-positive. In addition to causing some cases of abortion in cattle and sheep, C. fetus is an opportunistic ... Campylobacter fetus is a species of Gram-negative, motile bacteria with a characteristic "S"-shaped rod morphology similar to ... David J, Nasser RM, Goldberg JW, Reed KD, Earll MD (2005). "Bilateral prosthetic knee infection by Campylobacter fetus". J ...
... As it turns out, constant pressure may put your baby at risk. ...
What the fetus feels.. Br Med J 1980; 280 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.280.6209.233 (Published 26 January 1980) Cite this ...
Fetus definition, (used chiefly of viviparous mammals) the young of an animal in the womb or egg, especially in the later ... fetus fe·tus (fētəs). n. pl. fe·tus·es *. The unborn young of a viviparous vertebrate having a basic structural resemblance to ... Word Origin and History for fetus Expand. n. late 14c., "the young while in the womb or egg," from Latin fetus (often, ... They hold signs depicting a fetus with a hanging umbilical cord. Abortion in Missouri Is the Wait of a Lifetime Justin Glawe ...
Tremblay T, Gaudreau C, Lorange M. Epidemiology and antimicrobial susceptibilities of 111 Campylobacter fetus subsp. fetus ... Campylobacter fetus bloodstream infection: risk factors and clinical features. Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. 2008;27:185-9. ... Campylobacter fetus infections. MédMal Infect. 2014;44:167-73. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.medmal.2014.02.001.CrossRefGoogle ... Campylobacter fetus infections in humans: exposure and disease. Clin Infect Dis. 2014;58:1579-86. https://doi.org/10.1093/cid/ ...
A boy has been born in Chile with a fetus in his stomach in what doctors said was a rare case of "fetus in fetu" in which one ... If there is a God, and if He is busy infusing every fetus with something special, then its difficult to imagine what he was ... Regardless of your political stance on abortion, I think we can all come together and agree that this fetus should be ... 15 in the southern city of Temuco and noticed the 4-inch-long fetus inside the boys abdomen. ...
Fetus Lagoonunknown. A body of water consisting primarily of the unwanted fetal remains, usually gathered/stolen from abortion ... The murky waters of the Fetus Lagoon provides an abundance of food for the native fauna. ...
Studies of the Fetus in the Womb are two colored annotated sketches by Leonardo da Vinci made in 1510-1512/13. The studies ... Da Vinci studied human embryology with the help of anatomist Marcantonio della Torre and saw the fetus within a cadaver. The ... "Leonardo da Vincis Embryological Drawings of the Fetus". The Embryo Project Encyclopedia. Retrieved 6 Aug 2015. Leonardo (da ... the supposed arrangement of abdominal muscles on the top right and fetus from different angles. The tablet at the top contains ...
Fetus 3D Model available on Turbo Squid, the worlds leading provider of digital 3D models for visualization, films, television ... Highly detailed model of a fetus.. Fetus and umbilical cord are 2 separate objects.. mb, max, and obj format.. Contains 3 ...
... a friend of the fetus kidnapping and murder victim Bobbie Jo Stinnett, spoke to ,b,The Early Show,/b, about the family thats ...
Air pollution can penetrate a pregnant womans placenta and potentially threaten the health of a developing fetus, new research ... Smog Particles Can Reach Developing Fetus: Study. By Alan Mozes HealthDay Reporter. TUESDAY, Sept. 17, 2019 (HealthDay News ... "And that the fetus is completely safe inside the womb.". But in the 1960s, the thalidomide crisis shattered that belief, she ... Still, the new findings underscore a basic fact: that a mothers environment is also the fetus environment. And the placenta ...
... the fetus has fully developed eyes, has a hand and startle reflex, is forming footprints and fingerprints, and is forming ... At 24 weeks, the fetus has fully developed eyes, has a hand and startle reflex, is forming footprints and fingerprints, and is ...
Descend into Depravity is the sixth studio album by Dying Fetus, released on September 15, 2009. Discover more music, concerts ... Listen free to Dying Fetus - Descend Into Depravity (Your Treachery Will Die WIth You, Shepherds Commandment and more). 8 ... Descend into Depravity is the sixth studio album by Dying Fetus, released on September 15, 2009. ...
In the Nov. 10 SN: Real benefits of virtual therapy, monkey malaria in humans, round electrons disappoint, mouse pups with two dads, bats hover techniques, Europas icy spikes, a vampire burial and more. ...
  • More specifically, the Public Hearing has been convened by Minister Marco Aurelio with the purpose of collecting information about the interruption of the pregnancy of anencephalic fetuses, since the discussion on this subject goes beyond the limits of legal knowledge. (participedia.net)
  • The Public Hearing on the interruption of pregnancy of anencephalic fetuses was convened in the course of the trial of ADPF No. 54, filed by the National Confederation of Workers in Health. (participedia.net)
  • According to the National Confederation of Health Workers, in the case of an anencephalic fetus, there is no extra-uterine potentiality of life and, therefore, the interruption of pregnancy in these cases can not be considered a crime of abortion, whose protected legal right is, the life of the unborn child. (participedia.net)
  • to undergo the operation of interruption of pregnancy, based on a medical report attesting the anomaly that struck the fetus. (participedia.net)
  • More clearly, the interpretation according to the constitution of such devices rule out the crime of abortion setting where there was a delivery of therapeutic advance in the event of fetuses with anencephaly, duly certified by authorized doctor. (participedia.net)
  • If the fetus is expelled before 36 weeks of gestation are completed, it often can survive outside the womb, but artificial assistance, such as intravenous feedings and strict maintainance of the ambient temperature, may be needed during the remainder of its normal developmental period. (encyclopedia.com)
  • fetus The term used for the developing individual in the womb, by convention when it ceases to be called an embryo after about the first two months. (encyclopedia.com)
  • If expulsion occurs before the fetus has reached a stage of development advanced enough to allow it to live outside the womb (20 to 22 weeks), it is known as a spontaneous abortion or miscarriage . (britannica.com)
  • the young while in the womb or egg," from Latin fetus (often, incorrectly, foetus ) "the bearing, bringing forth, or hatching of young," from Latin base *fe- "to generate, bear," also "to suck, suckle" (see fecund ). (dictionary.com)
  • Studies of the Fetus in the Womb are two colored annotated sketches by Leonardo da Vinci made in 1510-1512/13. (wikipedia.org)
  • And that the fetus is completely safe inside the womb. (webmd.com)
  • A pregnant woman exchanges cells with a fetus while it is in the womb. (newscientist.com)
  • Viability refers to a point in fetal development at which the fetus may survive outside the womb. (wikipedia.org)
  • The mummy shows signs of an ancient surgical procedure that doctors carried out while the fetus was in the womb, the researchers said. (livescience.com)
  • All of these characteristics "strongly suggest a case of embryotomy," which was a procedure of removing a fetus from the womb, D'Anastasio Italy, told Live Science. (livescience.com)
  • Inside the womb, their fetus was lulled to sleep by another rendition of that dumb Robin Hood song. (tmz.com)
  • By the twentieth week, the heartbeat can be heard through a stethoscope and at twenty-four weeks, the fetus can survive outside the womb if placed in an intensive care unit. (innerbody.com)
  • In a case that drew international attention last year, Canada's Supreme Court ruled that a woman who shot her fetus in the womb had not committed a crime because a fetus is not a person. (chicagotribune.com)
  • If the fetus is born, it is outside the womb and relatively independent of the mother. (theatlantic.com)
  • If the fetus is unborn, it is inside the womb, part of the mother's body, and therefore dependent on the mother and subject to her decisions. (theatlantic.com)
  • The fetus inside the womb is actually called an embryo four weeks after it comes into existence. (innerbody.com)
  • We were very careful and made sure that the light was bright enough to enter the womb but not too bright as to be unpleasant or aversive for the fetus," Reid said. (usatoday.com)
  • Furthermore, a for a time after conception a fetus cannot live outside the womb. (conservapedia.com)
  • Her fetus, already named Iver Cohen Benson, has continued to grow in the womb. (reuters.com)
  • The odd tattoo has been designed and placed in a way that it really looks as if you are looking at an x-ray image of a skeletal fetus inside of her womb. (trendhunter.com)
  • Fetus in fetu is a rare condition in which a fetus becomes enveloped by its twin in the womb. (howstuffworks.com)
  • Descend into Depravity is the sixth studio album by Dying Fetus , released on September 15, 2009. (last.fm)
  • Once again, Relapse continues to play their cards right, signing up another young, crushing talent in Dying Fetus. (ink19.com)
  • Destroy The Opposition may be the quartet's fourth album, but it's their first to receive full-on worldwide distribution (the previous three were released on the band's own Blunt Force Records and distributed in Europe through Morbid Records), and it's about damn time Dying Fetus are getting the exposure they so rightfully deserve, as the album's their most honed effort yet. (ink19.com)
  • Crawley's case, while setting no precedent, has emerged at the center of a new debate over the legal status of a fetus and whether children are helped or hurt by punishing their mothers for drug abuse. (latimes.com)
  • Using samples from a mother and father, researchers for the first time determined the entire genome of a fetus, perhaps ushering in a time when parents know a child's complete DNA blueprint months before birth, The New York Times reports . (bizjournals.com)
  • In Latin, fetus sometimes was transferred figuratively to the newborn creature itself, or used in a sense of "offspring, brood" (cf. (dictionary.com)
  • A fetus may begin thumb-sucking during the fifth month and in the sixth, the fetus gains the grasping reflex, which is familiar in newborn babies. (innerbody.com)
  • THE Committee on Fetus and Newborn and consultants met in Chicago, Illinois, on October 23, 1965, to consider the problem of decontamination of fomites in neonatal units to reduce the incidence of nosocomial infections. (aappublications.org)
  • If you're pregnant or thinking of becoming pregnant, talk to your doctor about how best to protect your fetus and help ensure a healthy newborn. (livestrong.com)
  • If a pregnant woman becomes malnourished, the fetus might not get sufficient nutrients or other factors, slowing its growth and possibly resulting in an underdeveloped newborn. (livestrong.com)
  • Written and edited by the leading authorities in the field, the revised 6th edition of this authoritative reference provides the most up to date and complete guidance on infectious diseases of the fetus and newborn. (elsevier.com)
  • If so, the state can also define a fetus as a child under the law which makes it a crime to "endanger" or "neglect any child or helpless person" in a person's custody, the court ruled. (latimes.com)
  • The administration is considering a rule change that would classify a fetus as an unborn child to allow low-income women who lack health insurance, but earn too much to qualify for Medicaid, to receive coverage under a federal-state insurance program limited to children. (latimes.com)
  • Biologically an unborn child (fetus) has the DNA and every other attribute of a human being. (conservapedia.com)
  • South Carolina is the only state where, by law, a fetus able to live outside its mother's body is considered a person with legal rights. (economist.com)
  • Again by convention, the baby remains a fetus until birth , when it becomes an infant (or, for a month, a neonate). (encyclopedia.com)
  • Certain genetic disorders of the human fetus may cause birth of the infant before full term. (britannica.com)
  • Since human development of the reproductive tract continues through puberty, researchers believe that estrogenic chemical exposure to human females as a fetus, infant, child, and adolescent could have impacts on fertility. (mercola.com)
  • Most cases of fetus in fetu are caught when the host twin is an infant, though there have been cases of people in their 30s and 40s carrying their own twin. (howstuffworks.com)
  • Surgeons remove two fetuses from infant. (howstuffworks.com)
  • Discusses maternal infections when they are pertinent to the infant or developing fetus. (elsevier.com)
  • Therefore, estrogenic chemical exposure to the female fetus, infant, child, and adolescent all have potential impacts on mucosal immunity in the reproductive tract and, therefore, on adult fertility. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • SALT LAKE CITY, Oct. 13 (UPI) -- A 17-year-old Utah girl was released from jail after a judge ruled she had not attempted murder when she paid a man to beat her to kill her late-term fetus. (upi.com)
  • The legality of prosecutions such as Crawley's in South Carolina had been in doubt until October, when the state Supreme Court--on a 3-2 vote--ruled that a late-term fetus was covered by the traditional child endangerment law. (latimes.com)
  • Such cancer -causing agents can mix with the oxygen and nutrients that feed a developing fetus. (webmd.com)
  • Plant estrogens, such as that found in soy, can have profound detrimental effects on a developing fetus. (mercola.com)
  • If you're pregnant or thinking of having a baby, you might want to take a look at some new research on the effects of plant estrogens, such as that found in soy, on a developing fetus. (mercola.com)
  • Scientific studies show exposure to toxic chemicals found in everyday products may increase the risk of harm to the developing fetus. (truthout.org)
  • The authors, led by Joseph C. Wu, MD, PhD, director of the Stanford Cardiovascular Institute and Simon H. Stertzer endowed professor in the departments of medicine and radiology at the Stanford School of Medicine, suggest that their model could offer new insights into the effects of nicotine on individual organs and cells within the developing fetus, and may also be used to optimize drug and environmental toxicity screening. (genengnews.com)
  • How strange was it, then, that leading news sources referred to the fetus of William and Kate as the "royal baby. (theatlantic.com)
  • People have responded with outrage over the news that aborted fetuses were routinely burned at an incinerator in Oregon that used medical waste to generate electricity. (livescience.com)
  • The result, virtually enshrined into media law, is this: Pre-born beings are to be called fetuses, and post-birth beings are to be called babies. (theatlantic.com)
  • However, I am old enough to remember a time before all the controversy, and the common term was aborted babies, not fetuses. (conservapedia.com)
  • Thus, the life of a fetus in fetu is akin to that of a tumor in that its cells remain viable by way of normal metabolic activity. (wikipedia.org)
  • There is no sharp limit of development, age, or weight at which a fetus automatically becomes viable. (wikipedia.org)
  • South Carolina is the only state to have broadly interpreted its child endangerment law to cover a "viable fetus. (latimes.com)
  • South Carolina Atty. Gen. Charles Condon has campaigned on the theme that a "viable fetus is a fellow South Carolinian," and entitled to legal protection. (latimes.com)
  • Maternal factors include maternal weight, body mass index, nutritional state, emotional stress, toxin exposure (including tobacco, alcohol, heroin, and other drugs which can also harm the fetus in other ways), and uterine blood flow. (wikipedia.org)
  • Despite evidence of harm to the fetus from toxic chemical exposure, Congress hasn't updated the nation's chemical law for more than 30 years. (truthout.org)
  • At this point, the fetus - whose sex will be determined next week - is already flexing its limbs, having dreams, and starting to swallow. (flavorwire.com)
  • Approved along party lines, the measure would allow prosecutors to file separate charges if a crime involved a pregnant women whose fetus was injured. (beliefnet.com)
  • This is what happens when laws give officials the authority to treat fertilized eggs, embryos and fetuses as if they are already completely separate from the pregnant woman," said Lynn M. Paltrow, executive director of National Advocates for Pregnant Women in New York, of Ms. Beltran's arrest and confinement. (nytimes.com)
  • By projecting light through the uterine wall of pregnant mothers, British scientists found that 34-week-old fetuses will turn their heads to look at face-like images. (usatoday.com)
  • A new study published in the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) found that blood-based tests can accurately verify the gender of a fetus as early as 7 weeks. (motherjones.com)
  • The tests were found to be 95% to 99% accurate on fetuses from 7 to 12 weeks old, and nearly 100% accurate at 20 weeks gestation. (motherjones.com)
  • JACKSONVILLE, North Carolina (CNN) -- The remains of an adult and a fetus were found Saturday in a shallow grave in the backyard of the primary suspect in the death of a pregnant Marine, Onslow County Sheriff Ed Brown announced. (cnn.com)
  • Egyptian scientists are carrying out DNA tests on two mummified fetuses found in the tomb of King Tutankhamun to determine whether they are the young pharaoh's offspring, the antiquities authority said Wednesday. (latimes.com)
  • Researchers have found that one of the strongest carcinogens in tobacco smoke is transmitted to developing fetuses when a pregnant woman smokes. (bmj.com)