Anomura: An infraorder of CRUSTACEA, in the order DECAPODA comprising the hermit crabs and characterized by a small fifth pair of legs.BrazilPetunia: A plant genus of the family SOLANACEAE. Members contain steroidal glycosides.Crustacea: A large subphylum of mostly marine ARTHROPODS containing over 42,000 species. They include familiar arthropods such as lobsters (NEPHROPIDAE), crabs (BRACHYURA), shrimp (PENAEIDAE), and barnacles (THORACICA).Kinesis: Locomotor behavior not involving a steering reaction, but in which there may be a turning random in direction. It includes orthokinesis, the rate of movement and klinokinesis, the amount of turning, which are related to the intensity of stimulation.Cyanobacteria: A phylum of oxygenic photosynthetic bacteria comprised of unicellular to multicellular bacteria possessing CHLOROPHYLL a and carrying out oxygenic PHOTOSYNTHESIS. Cyanobacteria are the only known organisms capable of fixing both CARBON DIOXIDE (in the presence of light) and NITROGEN. Cell morphology can include nitrogen-fixing heterocysts and/or resting cells called akinetes. Formerly called blue-green algae, cyanobacteria were traditionally treated as ALGAE.PeruOrbivirus: A genus of REOVIRIDAE infecting a wide range of arthropods and vertebrates including humans. It comprises at least 21 serological subgroups. Transmission is by vectors such as midges, mosquitoes, sandflies, and ticks.Silicon: A trace element that constitutes about 27.6% of the earth's crust in the form of SILICON DIOXIDE. It does not occur free in nature. Silicon has the atomic symbol Si, atomic number 14, and atomic weight [28.084; 28.086].Lip: Either of the two fleshy, full-blooded margins of the mouth.Brachyura: An infraorder of chiefly marine, largely carnivorous CRUSTACEA, in the order DECAPODA, including the genera Cancer, Uca, and Callinectes.Animal Shells: The hard rigid covering of animals including MOLLUSCS; TURTLES; INSECTS; and crustaceans.Decapoda (Crustacea): The largest order of CRUSTACEA, comprising over 10,000 species. They are characterized by three pairs of thoracic appendages modified as maxillipeds, and five pairs of thoracic legs. The order includes the familiar shrimps, crayfish (ASTACOIDEA), true crabs (BRACHYURA), and lobsters (NEPHROPIDAE and PALINURIDAE), among others.Longevity: The normal length of time of an organism's life.Palinuridae: A family of marine CRUSTACEA, in the order DECAPODA, comprising the clawless lobsters. They are found in tropical and subtropical waters and characterized by short spines along the length of the tail and body.Psychoanalytic Theory: Conceptual system developed by Freud and his followers in which unconscious motivations are considered to shape normal and abnormal personality development and behavior.Islands: Tracts of land completely surrounded by water.Nephropidae: Family of large marine CRUSTACEA, in the order DECAPODA. These are called clawed lobsters because they bear pincers on the first three pairs of legs. The American lobster and Cape lobster in the genus Homarus are commonly used for food.Arthropods: Members of the phylum Arthropoda, composed of organisms having a hard, jointed exoskeleton and paired jointed legs. It includes the class INSECTS and the subclass ARACHNIDA, many species of which are important medically as parasites or as vectors of organisms capable of causing disease in man.Olfactory Bulb: Ovoid body resting on the CRIBRIFORM PLATE of the ethmoid bone where the OLFACTORY NERVE terminates. The olfactory bulb contains several types of nerve cells including the mitral cells, on whose DENDRITES the olfactory nerve synapses, forming the olfactory glomeruli. The accessory olfactory bulb, which receives the projection from the VOMERONASAL ORGAN via the vomeronasal nerve, is also included here.Olfactory Pathways: Set of nerve fibers conducting impulses from olfactory receptors to the cerebral cortex. It includes the OLFACTORY NERVE; OLFACTORY BULB; OLFACTORY TRACT; OLFACTORY TUBERCLE; ANTERIOR PERFORATED SUBSTANCE; and OLFACTORY CORTEX.Encyclopedias as Topic: Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Hemolymph: The blood/lymphlike nutrient fluid of some invertebrates.Hepatic Artery: A branch of the celiac artery that distributes to the stomach, pancreas, duodenum, liver, gallbladder, and greater omentum.Rhinosporidium: A genus in the order Dermocystidium, class MESOMYCETOZOEA. It causes RHINOSPORIDIOSIS in MAMMALS and BIRDS.Mesomycetozoea: A class of parasitic and saprophytic microorganisms whose origins can be traced near the animal-fungal divergence. Members of the class are typically pathogens of FISHES, but there are exceptions. There are two recognized orders: Icthyophonida and Dermocystida.Rhinosporidiosis: Chronic, localized granulomatous infection of mucocutaneous tissues, especially the NOSE, and characterized by HYPERPLASIA and the development of POLYPS. It is found in humans and other animals and is caused by the mesomycetozoean organism RHINOSPORIDIUM SEEBERI.Prototheca: A genus of achlorophyllic algae in the family Chlorellaceae, and closely related to CHLORELLA. It is found in decayed matter; WATER; SEWAGE; and SOIL; and produces cutaneous and disseminated infections in various VERTEBRATES including humans.Mesomycetozoea Infections: Infections by MESOMYCETOZOEA, general or unspecified.Onygenales: An order of fungi in the phylum ASCOMYCOTA containing many medically important species. There are four families and mitosporic (anamorphic) forms are prominent.Wernicke Encephalopathy: An acute neurological disorder characterized by the triad of ophthalmoplegia, ataxia, and disturbances of mental activity or consciousness. Eye movement abnormalities include nystagmus, external rectus palsies, and reduced conjugate gaze. THIAMINE DEFICIENCY and chronic ALCOHOLISM are associated conditions. Pathologic features include periventricular petechial hemorrhages and neuropil breakdown in the diencephalon and brainstem. Chronic thiamine deficiency may lead to KORSAKOFF SYNDROME. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp1139-42; Davis & Robertson, Textbook of Neuropathology, 2nd ed, pp452-3)Simuliidae: Several species of the genus Simulium (family Simuliidae) that act as intermediate hosts (vectors) for the parasitic disease ONCHOCERCIASIS.Bass: Common name for FISHES belonging to the order Perciformes and occurring in three different families.History of MedicineSomites: Paired, segmented masses of MESENCHYME located on either side of the developing spinal cord (neural tube). Somites derive from PARAXIAL MESODERM and continue to increase in number during ORGANOGENESIS. Somites give rise to SKELETON (sclerotome); MUSCLES (myotome); and DERMIS (dermatome).Astacoidea: A superfamily of various freshwater CRUSTACEA, in the infraorder Astacidea, comprising the crayfish. Common genera include Astacus and Procambarus. Crayfish resemble lobsters, but are usually much smaller.TurtlesIsopoda: One of the largest orders of mostly marine CRUSTACEA, containing over 10,000 species. Like AMPHIPODA, the other large order in the superorder Peracarida, members are shrimp-like in appearance, have sessile compound eyes, and no carapace. But unlike Amphipoda, they possess abdominal pleopods (modified as gills) and their bodies are dorsoventrally flattened.Integumentary System: The outer covering of the body composed of the SKIN and the skin appendages, which are the HAIR, the NAILS; and the SEBACEOUS GLANDS and the SWEAT GLANDS and their ducts.Health Level Seven: An American National Standards Institute-accredited organization working on specifications to support development and advancement of clinical and administrative standards for healthcare.Cystatin M: A cystatin subtype that has a diverse tissue distribution, target specificity, and functions as an endogenous inhibitor of lysosomal cysteine proteases.Xanthium: A plant genus of the family ASTERACEAE. The name "prickly burweed" is sometimes used but causes confusion with AMSINCKIA.Penaeidae: A family of CRUSTACEA, order DECAPODA, comprising the penaeid shrimp. Species of the genus Penaeus are the most important commercial shrimp throughout the world.Aquaculture: Cultivation of natural faunal resources of water. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)POU Domain Factors: A family of transcription factors characterized by the presence of a bipartite DNA-binding domain known as the POU domain. The POU domain contains two subdomains, a POU-specific domain and a POU-homeodomain. The POU domain was originally identified as a region of approximately 150 amino acids shared between the Pit-1, Oct-1, Oct-2, and Unc-86 transcription factors.RussiaKyrgyzstanMice, Knockout: Strains of mice in which certain GENES of their GENOMES have been disrupted, or "knocked-out". To produce knockouts, using RECOMBINANT DNA technology, the normal DNA sequence of the gene being studied is altered to prevent synthesis of a normal gene product. Cloned cells in which this DNA alteration is successful are then injected into mouse EMBRYOS to produce chimeric mice. The chimeric mice are then bred to yield a strain in which all the cells of the mouse contain the disrupted gene. Knockout mice are used as EXPERIMENTAL ANIMAL MODELS for diseases (DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL) and to clarify the functions of the genes.Zinc Fingers: Motifs in DNA- and RNA-binding proteins whose amino acids are folded into a single structural unit around a zinc atom. In the classic zinc finger, one zinc atom is bound to two cysteines and two histidines. In between the cysteines and histidines are 12 residues which form a DNA binding fingertip. By variations in the composition of the sequences in the fingertip and the number and spacing of tandem repeats of the motif, zinc fingers can form a large number of different sequence specific binding sites.

Purification and characterization of a natural agglutinin from the serum of the hermit crab Diogenes affinis. (1/61)

A natural agglutinin from the serum of the hermit crab Diogenes affinis was purified to homogeneity by a single-step affinity chromatography using N-acetylglucosamine-coupled Sepharose 6B. The purified serum agglutinin (PSA) showed a strong affinity for rat RBC, and its hemagglutinating (HA) activity was specifically dependent on Ca2+ and reversibly sensitive to EDTA. PSA in active form has a molecular mass estimate of 185 kDa and is composed of four non-identical subunits (51, 49, 42 and 39 kDa) cross-linked by interchain disulfide bonds. The homogeneity of PSA was corroborated by immunodiffusion and immunoelectrophoretic analyses using rabbit antiserum raised against the agglutinin. The antibodies in this antiserum appear to be specific for RBC-binding sites of the agglutinin molecules as revealed by the ability of the antiserum to neutralize HA activities of both whole serum and PSA of D. affinis. In HA-inhibition assays performed with several carbohydrates and glycoproteins, PSA showed a distinct and unique specificity for acetyl group in carbohydrates independently of the presence of this group on C-2 or C-5 and its stereochemical arrangement in the axial or equatorial orientation. Besides, this agglutinin appears to recognize the terminal N- and O- acetyl groups in the oligosaccharide chain of glycoconjugates. The HA activity of D. affinis agglutinin was also susceptible to inhibition by lipopolysaccharides from diverse gram-negative bacteria, which might indicate a significant in vivo role of this humoral agglutinin in the host immune response against bacterial infections.  (+info)

Dramatic mitochondrial gene rearrangements in the hermit crab Pagurus longicarpus (Crustacea, anomura). (2/61)

The entire mitochondrial gene order of the crustacean Pagurus longicarpus was determined by sequencing all but approximately 300 bp of the mitochondrial genome. We report the first major gene rearrangements found in the clade including Crustacea and Insecta. At least eight mitochondrial gene rearrangements have dramatically altered the gene order of the hermit crab P. longicarpus relative to the putatively ancestral crustacean gene order. These include two rearrangements of protein-coding genes, the first reported for any nonchelicerate arthropod. Codon usage and amino acid sequences do not deviate substantially from those reported for other crustaceans. Investigating the phylogenetic distribution of these eight rearrangements will add additional characters to help resolve decapod phylogeny.  (+info)

Cumulative or sequential assessment during hermit crab shell fights: effects of oxygen on decision rules. (3/61)

Agonistic interactions between animals are often settled by the use of repeated signals which advertise the resource-holding potential of the sender. According to the sequential assessment game this repetition increases the accuracy with which receivers may assess the signal, but under the cumulative assessment model the repeated performances accumulate to give a signal of stamina. These models may be distinguished by the temporal pattern of signalling they predict and by the decision rules used by the contestants. Hermit crabs engage in shell fights over possession of the gastropod shells that they inhabit. During these interactions the two roles of signaller and receiver may be examined separately because they are fixed for the duration of the encounter. Attackers rap their shell against that of the defender in a series of bouts whereas defenders remain tightly withdrawn into their shells for the duration of the contest. At the end of a fight the attacker may evict the defender from its shell or decide to give up without first effecting an eviction; the decision for defenders is either to maintain a grip on its shell or to release the shell and allow itself to be evicted. We manipulated fatigue levels separately for attackers and defenders, by varying the oxygen concentration of the water that they are held in prior to fighting, and examined the effects that this has on the likelihood of each decision and on the temporal pattern of rapping. We show that the vigour of rapping and the likelihood of eviction are reduced when the attacker is subjected to low oxygen but that this treatment has no effect on rates of eviction when applied to defenders. We conclude that defenders compare the vigour of rapping with an absolute threshold rather than with a relative threshold when making their decision. The data are compatible with the cumulative assessment model and with the idea that shell rapping signals the stamina of attackers, but do not fit the predictions of the sequential assessment game.  (+info)

Effect of tetramethylenedisulphotetramine on the membrane conductance increase produced by gamma-amino-butyric acid at the crab neuromuscular junction. (4/61)

The effect of tetramethylenedisulphotetramine (TETS) on the increase in membrane conductance produced by gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) at the hermit crab neuromuscular junction was investigated. TETS produced a dose-dependent antagonism of GABA, which was characterized by a non-parallel shift of the log dose-conductance curve for GABA with a reduced maximal conductance change.  (+info)

Decision rules, energy metabolism and vigour of hermit-crab fights. (5/61)

Aggressive interactions between animals are often settled by the use of repeated signals that reduce the risk of injury from combat but are expected to be costly. The accumulation of lactic acid and the depletion of energy stores may constrain activity rates during and after fights and thus represent significant costs of signalling. We tested this by analysing the concentrations of lactate and glucose in the haemolymph of hermit crabs following agonistic interactions over the ownership of the gastropod shells that they inhabit. Attackers and defenders play distinct roles of sender and receiver that are fixed for the course of the encounter. Attackers perform bouts of 'shell rapping', which vary in vigour between attackers and during the course of the encounter, and are a key predictor of victory. In contrast to the agonistic behaviour of other species, we can quantify the vigour of fighting. We demonstrate, to our knowledge for the first time, an association between the vigour of aggressive activity and a proximate cost of signalling. We show that the lactate concentration in attackers increases with the amount of shell rapping, and that this appears to constrain the vigour of subsequent rapping. Furthermore, attackers, but not defenders, give up when the concentration of lactate is high. Glucose levels in attackers also increase with the amount of rapping they perform, but do not appear to influence their decision to give up. Defenders are more likely to lose when they have particularly low levels of glucose. We conclude that the two roles use different decision rules during these encounters.  (+info)

Patterns of activity in the antennular motoneurones of the hermit crab Pagurus alaskensis (Benedict). (6/61)

1. Using electromyogram recordings from the antennular muscles of intact animals and recordings from the antennular nerves of partially dissected preparations, the patterns of activity in specific antennular motoneurones have been described during antennular flicking and antennular withdrawal. 2. The slow extensor motoneurone A30S is active during flicking in addition to the phasic component of the antennular motor system (A30F, A31F and A32F). 3. The flexion phase of a flick is the result of a burst of variable duration and number of spikes within flexor motoneurones A31F and A32F. 4. The extension phase of a flick is the result of a burst of variable duration and number of spikes in extensor motoneurones A30F and A30S. 5. Extension-withdrawal and slow flexion-withdrawal reflexes, tonic flexion withdrawal and maintained flexion at the MS-DS joint usually result from activity in part of the tonic component of the antennular motor system:moto-neurones A30S, A31S and A32S. 6. Fast flexion-withdrawal reflexes result from a burst of spikes in motoneurone A31F-S which constitutes the phaso-tonic component of the antennular motor system. 7. During high-frequency activity (15-60/sec), reciprocity exists between the slow flexor motoneurones A31S and A32S and slow extensor motoneurone A30S.  (+info)

Central patterning and reflex control of antennular flicking in the hermit crab Pagurus alaskensis (Benedict). (7/61)

1. The effects of altering sensory input on the motoneuronal activity underlying antennular flicking have been tested. 2. Removal of the short segments of the outer flagellum results in a reduction of the number of spikes/burst in the fast flexor motoneurones A31F and A32F. 3. During a flick the delay between the burst in motoneurone A31F and the burst in motoneurone A32F is insensitive to alteration of sensory input. 4. Sensory feedback from the flexion phase of a flick is necessary for the activation of either extensor motoneurone. Evidence is presented to suggest that this feedback is primarily from joint-movement receptors at the MS-DS and DS-OF joints. 5. The results are incorporated into a model in which the patterns of flexor activity result from some specified properties of three components: a trigger system, a follower system, and the spike initiating zone of the flexor motoneurones. The trigger system determines when a flick will occur. The follower system determines the number of flexor spikes during a flick. Properties of the spike initiating zone determine the spike frequency and the timing between bursts in the flexor motoneurones. Extensor activity in the model is reflexively elicited by feedback from phasic, unidirectional receptors sensitive to joint flexion. 6. The functional significance of reflex control of extensor activity is discussed in relation to the form and proposed function of antennular flicking. It is suggested that this form of control is adapted to the function of antennular flicking because flexion at the MS-DS joint is not always necessary for the fulfilment of the fuction of a flick.  (+info)

Substrate use and selection in sympatric intertidal hermit crab species. (8/61)

Coexisting hermit crabs may competitively interact for shells and microhabitats, mainly when shell availability is habitat-related. Three species of Clibanarius (C. antillensis, C. sclopetarius, and C. vittatus) coexist in the intertidal region of Pernambuco Islet, Araca Region, Sao Sebastiao Channel, southeastern Brazil. This study evaluated crab preferences for four substrate types used by these species in nature (rocky shore, pebbles, sand, and mud) in allopatric (single species) and sympatric (three species) treatments in simulations of high tide and low tide. The substrate preference of the three hermit crabs did not vary between low and high tide situations. At low tide the crabs either moved into holes in the highly complex rocky substrate or buried themselves in mud. Substrate selection may explain the patterns of substrate use in nature only for C. vittatus. Clibanarius antillensis and C. sclopetarius showed closer similarities in the pattern of substrate selection in the sympatric treatment with the substrate use in nature than in allopatric treatment, indicating a positive influence (dependence) of the presence of one species on the presence of another. Use of sub-optimal substrates, mainly by C. antillensis, may be caused by other factors such as its low desiccation tolerances. If competition for space takes place among these species, it would be more intense between C. sclopetarius and C. vittatus given their higher overlap in substrate preference than between them and C. antillensis.  (+info)

*King crab

... with comments on carcinization in the Anomura" (PDF). Zootaxa. 3722 (2): 283-300. doi:10.11646/zootaxa.3722.2.9. Patsy A. ...

*Carcinisation

Patsy A. McLaughlin; Rafael Lemaitre (1997). "Carcinization in the anomura - fact or fiction? I. Evidence from adult morphology ... Patsy A. McLaughlin; Rafael Lemaitre; Christopher C. Tudge (2004). "Carcinization in the Anomura - fact or fiction? II. ... Anomura)". Contributions to Zoology. 85 (4): 361-386. C. L. Morrison; A. W. Harvey; S. Lavery; K. Tieu; Y. Huang; C. W. ... Anomura: Paguroidea: Hapalogastridae) - new insights into the evolutionary transformation of hermit crabs into king crabs". ...

*Anomura

The infraorder Anomura is divided into nine superfamilies: The oldest fossil attributed to Anomura is Platykotta, from the ... Crustaceans portal Arthropods portal Media related to Anomura at Wikimedia Commons Data related to Anomura at Wikispecies. ... Anomura (sometimes Anomala) is a group of decapod crustaceans, including hermit crabs and others. Although the names of many ... There is wide acceptance from morphological and molecular data that Anomura and Brachyura (true crabs) are sister taxa, ...

*Aeglidae

Decapoda; Anomura; Aeglidae) from Haumurian (Late Cretaceous) rocks near Cheviot, New Zealand". New Zealand Journal of Geology ... Patsy A. McLaughlin; Talbot Murray (1990). "Clibanarius fonticola, new species (Anomura: Paguridea: Diogenidae), from a fresh- ... Christopher C. Tudge (2003). "Endemic and enigmatic: the reproductive biology of Aegla (Crustacea: Anomura: Aeglidae) with ... 2010). "Mating behavior of Aegla platensis (Crustacea, Anomura, Aeglidae) under laboratory conditions". Journal of Ethology. 28 ...

*Porcellana sayana

ISBN 978-1-58979-061-2. Gilbert L. Voss (2002). "Section Anomura". Seashore Life of Florida and the Caribbean. Courier Dover ...

*Hippidae

P. McLaughlin, S. Ahyong & J. K. Lowry (October 2, 200). "Hippidae Stimpson, 1858". Anomura: Families. Check date values in: , ... P. J. F. Davie (2002). "Hippidae". Crustacea: Malocostraca: Eucarida (Part 2), Decapoda: Anomura, Brachyura. Volume 19 of ...

*Porcelain crab

P. McLaughlin, S. Ahyong & J. K. Lowry (October 2, 2002). "Porcellanidae Haworth, 1825". Anomura: Families. Australian Museum. ... Carrie E. Schweitzer & Rodney M. Feldmann (2010). "Earliest known Porcellanidae (Decapoda: Anomura: Galatheoidea) (Jurassic: ...

*Pylochelidae

P. McLaughlin, S. Ahyong & J. K. Lowry (October 2, 2002). "Pylochelidae Bate, 1888". Anomura: Families. Australian Museum. ... Patsy A. McLaughlin & Rafael Lemaitre (2009). "A new classification for the Pylochelidae (Decapoda: Anomura: Paguroidea) and ... Anomura, Paguroidea) from a mid-Cretaceous reef of Navarra, northern Spain". Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie. 263 ... Anomura: Paguroidea): A cladistic analysis based on morphological characters" (PDF). Zootaxa. 2022: 1-14. "Family PYLOCHELIDAE ...

*Camptandriidae

Crustacea Anomura" (PDF). Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia. 10 (7): 225-252. Sammy De Grave; N. ...

*Petrolisthes

Anomura, Brachyura. Volume 19 of Zoological Catalogue of Australia: Crustacea: Malocostraca: Eucarida (Part 2). CSIRO ...

*Pylojacquesidae

Anomura: Paguroidea) from New Caledonia". Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington. 120 (1): 56-62. doi:10.2988/0006 ... Anomura) and its phylogenetic implications". Journal of Crustacean Biology. 21 (4): 1062-1076. doi:10.1651/0278-0372(2001)021[ ... Anomura, Brachyura. Volume 19 of Zoological Catalogue of Australia: Crustacea: Malocostraca: Eucarida. CSIRO Publishing. pp. ...

*Hippoidea

doi:10.1651/0278-0372(2002)022[0670:PPOTFA]2.0.CO;2. Christopher B. Boyko (2004). "A new genus of fossil sand crab (Anomura: ... J. Maxwell; D. Cowles; H. Helmstetler (2006). "Key to Infraorder Anomura". Walla Walla University. Retrieved January 4, 2009. ... Zen Faulkes; Dorothy H. Paul (February 1, 1997). "Digging in sand crabs (Decapoda, Anomura, Hippoidea): interleg coordination ... Hippoidea is one of the four groups that make up the infraorder Anomura. Of the four, Hippoidea is thought to be the most basal ...

*Australopoda

... is a taxon within Anomura. This monophyletic group comprises Lomisoidea, Aegloidea and Chirostyloidea. Jonas ... Anomura)". Contributions to Zoology. 85 (4): 361-386. K. E. Schnabel; S. T. Ahyong; E. W. Maas (2011). "Galatheoidea are not ... monophyletic - molecular and morphological phylogeny of the squat lobsters (Decapoda: Anomura) with recognition of a new ...

*Cardisoma carnifex

P. J. F. Davie (2002). "Gecarcinidae". Eucarida (Part 2), Decapoda: Anomura, Brachyura. Volume 19 of Zoological Catalogue of ...

*Munidopsis tuberosa

"Munidopsis (Decapoda, Anomura) from south-eastern Australia." Crustaceana 75.3 (2002): 231-252. Munidopsis tuberosa at the ... Chan, Tim-Yam; Osawa, Masayuki; Lin, Chia-Wei (2008). "Especies de Galacantha y Munidopsis (Crustacea: Decapoda: Anomura: ... "Three new American species of Munidopsis (Crustacea: Anomura: Munidopsidae)." Nauplius 22.1 (2014): 53-62. Macpherson, Enrique ...

*Porcellanopagurus

Patsy A. McLaughlin & Rafael Lemaitre (1997). "Carcinization in the anomura - fact or fiction? I. Evidence from adult ... L. A. Borradaile interpreted Porcellanopagurus as being an independent instance of carcinisation among the Anomura. Jacques ...

*Hermit crab

Patsy A. McLaughlin; Rafael Lemaitre (1997). "Carcinization in the anomura - fact or fiction? I. Evidence from adult morphology ... Anomura, Paguroidea) from a mid-Cretaceous reef of Navarra, northern Spain". Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie. 263 ...

*Thalassina

ISBN 92-5-103027-8. K. N. Sankolli (1970). "The Thalassinoidea (Crustacea, Anomura) of Maharashtra" (PDF). Journal of the ...

*Parapaguridae

"Carcinization in the Anomura - fact or fiction? I. Evidence from adult morphology". Contributions to Zoology. 67 (2): 79-123. ...

*Munidopsis echinata

"Munidopsis (Decapoda, Anomura) from south-eastern Australia." Crustaceana 75.3 (2002): 231-252. Munidopsis echinata at the ... Chan, Tim-Yam; Osawa, Masayuki; Lin, Chia-Wei (2008). "Especies de Galacantha y Munidopsis (Crustacea: Decapoda: Anomura: ...

*Porcellanopagurus edwardsi

The Marine fauna of New Zealand: Paguridea (Decapoda: Anomura) exclusive of the Lithodidae. NIWA Biodiversity Memoir. 114. ... Patsy A. McLaughlin & Rafael Lemaitre (1997). "Carcinization in the anomura - fact or fiction? I. Evidence from adult ...

*Lancelot Alexander Borradaile

Patsy A. McLaughlin & Rafael Lemaitre (1997). "Carcinization in the Anomura - fact or fiction? I. Evidence from adult ...

*Calcinus elegans

Anomura, Brachyura. Volume 19 of Zoological Catalogue of Australia. CSIRO Publishing. pp. 39-40. ISBN 978-0-643-06792-9. Data ...

*Pagurapseudidae

ISBN 978-0-691-00080-0. Gary C. B. Poore & Shane T. Ahyong (2004). "Anomura - hermit crabs, porcelain crabs and squat lobsters ...

*Calcinus tubularis

Anomura: Diogenidae)". Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom. 86 (1): 121-123. doi:10.1017/ ... Anomura: Paguroidea) from Australia" (PDF). Zootaxa. 1297: 57-68. Jason D. Williams; Alejandra Gallardo; Angela E Murphy (2011 ... Anomura: Diogenidae)". Marine Biodiversity Records. 4: e21. doi:10.1017/S1755267211000236. Daniela Pessani; Tina Tirelli (2006 ... Anomura, Diogenidae). Retrieved July 27, 2011. Francesca Gherardi (2005). "Resource partitioning between sexes in the " ...
King crabs are a taxon of crab-like decapod crustaceans chiefly found in cold seas. Because of their large size and the taste of their meat, many species are widely caught and sold as food, the most common being the red king crab (Paralithodes camtschaticus).. King crabs are generally thought to be derived from hermit crab-like ancestors, which may explain the asymmetry still found in the adult forms. This ancestry is supported by several anatomical peculiarities which are present only in king crabs and hermit crabs.[2] Although some doubt still exists about this theory, king crabs are the most widely quoted example of carcinisation among the Decapoda.[2] The evidence for this explanation comes from the asymmetry of the king crabs abdomen, which is thought to reflect the asymmetry of hermit crabs, which must fit into a spiral shell. Although formerly classified among the hermit crabs in the superfamily Paguroidea, king crabs are now placed in a separate superfamily, Lithodoidea.[1] This is not ...
anomura). Dramatic mitochondrial gene rearrangements in the hermit crab Pagurus longicarpus (Crustaceas profile, publications, research topics, and co-authors
Terrestrial hermit crabs begin their lives in the sea but, through a series of molts, develop the ability to breathe air. After the last developmental molt, the young hermit crab will drown if left in water for an indefinite period of time. Their link with the sea is never entirely broken, however, as hermit crabs carry a small amount of water in their shells at all times to keep their abdomen moist and their modified gills hydrated.. For some larger marine hermit crab species, having one or more sea anemones (a group of water dwelling, predatory animals of the order Actiniaria) growing on the shell can be very useful, because the anemones tend to scare away fish and other marine predators which might otherwise attack the crab. The sea anemone also benefits because it is well-positioned to consume loose fragments of the hermit crabs meals. Because of this mutualism (a biological interaction between individuals of two different species), sea anemones can be, and sometimes are, transferred to a ...
Hermit Crab Outside Its Shell*** 09/10/07 Hello, My daughter received a hermit crab for her birthday, so we were unfortunately un-prepared and un-educated regarding this new pet...nonetheless, after one week of having him, (and after reviewing hermit crab information), we decided to buy him a friend. The new hermit crab has been active since the purchase, climbs, and we actually saw him eat, compared to the other ones behavior. (Prior to the new ones arrival, the initial one didnt move around too much, unless outside of its cage or handled, and we never saw him eat---) After it was determined the friend was safe, we introduced them...the new one seemed pretty interested in the initial crab, and appeared to corner him in a pot we are using for a hideout for them. However, there wasnt too much noise, nor loss of limbs which would indicate a shell fight?! We moved them apart from each other, and they remained apart as far as we know... The other morning, my daughter woke up and ...
The thinstripe hermit crab, Clibanarius vittatus, is a species of hermit crab in the family Diogenidae. It is found in the Caribbean Sea, the Gulf of Mexico and the western Atlantic Ocean. Like other hermit crabs, Clibanarius vittatus lives inside the empty shell of a gastropod mollusc. This protects its soft abdomen and normally only its head and limbs project through the aperture of the shell. The chelipeds (claw-bearing legs) and claws of Clibanarius vittatus are small, both the same size, and covered in short bristles. When threatened, the animal retreats into the shell and the chelipeds block the aperture. The outside of the claws bear small blue tubercles. The body and legs are dark green or brown; the body is faintly streaked with white and the legs have more distinct white or grey stripes. Adult crabs often occupy shells of over 10 cm (4 in) in length. Clibanarius vittatus is found in shallow parts of the Caribbean Sea, the Gulf of Mexico and the western Atlantic Ocean. Its range extends ...
The histological structure of cephalothoracic and abdominal integuments has been studied in the hermit crab Pagurus bernhardus. In the branchial region of the carapace, there are a thin epicuticle, an exocuticle, and a relatively thick endocuticle, followed by a layer of columnar epithelium and underlying connective tissue. This pattern is repeated on the inner surface of the carapace fold but with generally thinner cuticular layers. Within the connective tissue there are tegumental glands, haemocytes, and some reserve inclusions. The abdominal integument shows a modified cuticle structure which is probably related to its specific function as an adhesive organ attaching the hermit crab to the inner surface of the gastropod shell. The cuticle is uncalcified and it shows deep wrinkles and grooves.. ...
ABSTRACT A population of the hermit crab Diogenes pugilator from the northeastern Atlantic (Barbate, Straits of Gilbraltar, Spain) was studied. The results show continuous recruitment throughout the year, within a size range from 0.4-1.02 mm in cephalothoracic shield length, as a consequence of the prevalence of ovigerous females throughout the year. The sex ratio was in favor of females. Results of size-frequency distributions from different locations show that there was no clear segregation of sizes by sexes or depths. Five cohorts can coexist, although a decrease in the number of specimens was observed in the second year studied, perhaps induced by human influences in the area (the building of a new harbor and the restoration of the beach). The values of the Von Bertalanffy parameters (K and Loo) showed slight differences between sexes and between years within sexes, as is shown in the φ' index analysis. The estimated maximum longevity of the individuals in the population studied was about 2
The specimens studied were collected at Race Rocks in November of 2002. They were unique specimens because of their choice of home. Usually hermit crabs use the shells of snails that have died then discard them as they grow larger in place of a bigger shell. However, these Hairy Hermit Crabs had decided to become the hermit crabs of Hermit Crab Sponges.. Hermit Crab Sponges, Suberites.spp are sponges that attach themselves to a mobile animal who has a solid exoskeleton, usually a snail or crab. In the hermit crabs case, the sponge begins to grow on their adopted home by first thinly encrusting the shells. As the sponge grows, it begins to cover the shell and can surround it completely, sometimes making locomotion difficult for the crab. Once the sponge has buried the shell inside itself, the hermit crab leaves its shell to occupy a chamber in the sponge it had hollowed out.. CLASSIFICATION: ...
The morphological transformation of hermit crabs into crab-like king crabs in the evolution of decapod crustaceans represents a remarkable case of carcinization or evolutionary shaping into a crab-like form. In this study, we focus on internal organs such as the hemolymph vascular system and adjacent anatomical structures of several Recent hermit crab (Paguridae) and king crab (Lithodidae) species. There are various correspondences in the morphology of the arterial systems in the dorsal cephalothorax of the two taxa, especially with regard to the anterior aorta, anterior lateral arteries, and hepatic arteries. In the pleon, the posterior aorta in both taxa displays a proximal bifurcation and follows an asymmetrical course. The ventral vessel system, on the other hand, which mainly supplies the limbs, differs significantly between the taxa, with pagurids displaying the plesiomorphic condition. The pattern of the ventral vessel system in Lithodidae is influenced by morphological transformations of ...
The green-eyed hermit crab is a new species recently discovered off the West Coast of South Africa. Apart from its magnetic stare, however, there is a number of characteristic morphological traits and an unusual home preference that all make the crustacean unique. Formally named after the University of Cape Town alumnus Dr. Lara Atkinson -- the very first to notice the unusual hermit crab, the new species is described in the open-access journal ZooKeys.
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Hermit crabs can live up to 10 days without food. They need a constant supply of water. They eat up to 1/2 inch of food every two to three days. Give them water in a clam shell, and clear away rotten food from their area.Source:Biologyweb.org: Hermit Crab
White-spotted hermit crab (Dardanus megistos). This hermit crab is found on reefs in the Indo-Pacific region from Africa to the South China Sea and Hawaii. Photographed in the Lembeh Strait, North Sulawesi, Indonesia. - Stock Image C036/8620
Hermit crab kits typically contain the necessary supplies to transform an aquarium into a crab habitat or include the aquarium and crabs as well. Some kits include a heating lamp, hermit crab food...
A rotating respirometer was designed which enabled respiratory gas exchange in the land hermit crab Coenobita compressus to be correlated with voluntary submaximal sustained pedestrian activity. In the laboratory, crabs remained spontaneously active for up to 150 min, maintaining velocities of 0.6cm s−1. Comparable activity patterns were observed in the field. Quiescent O2 uptake (MOO2) increased logarithmically as a function of load rating of the adopted molluscan shell. Steady-state MOO2 and MCOCO2 were measured after 30 min of spontaneous activity and both increased linearly with velocity. There was good correspondence between Y-intercept values and those measured in inactive crabs. At the mean locomotory speed, MOO2 and MCOCO2 were increased 3.4-fold and 2.6-fold respectively above settled rates. Minimum and gross energetic cost of transport were estimated and compared with values in the literature. MOO2 and MCOCO2 returned to settled levels within the first hour of recovery. The activity ...
All natural hermit crab sea sponge.Hermit crabs enjoy drinking their water through a sponge, rather than on an open dish of water. This shall helps in preventing accidental drowning of your hermit crab. Provides beneficial humidity to your hermit crab enclosure which is necessary for the long term health of your hermit crabs. (Humidity induces normal... ...
Alaska crabbers got some good news when the state announced in early October that this years quota for Bristol Bay red king crab will be bumped up 16% over last year to just under 10 million pounds. Boats can start fishing October 15th and the fishery should last about a month. The Bristol Bay fishery accounts for over half of all the king crab landed in Alaska. More than half the catch is typically exported with Japan being the largest single market.. While the increased harvest is welcome news, its only about half as much red king crab as was harvested in Bristol Bay in 2008 and 2009. ADF&G also announced it would allow a small 650,000-pound harvest of blue king crab off of St. Matthews Island. That fishery has been closed off and on in recent years.. This years quota for golden king crab remains at about 6.3 million pounds, as Alaskas Board of Fisheries denied a request by crabbers in March to bump the quota up by 5 percent.. Meanwhile, supplies of Russian king crab still dominate the ...
Pam Jensen (et al.) did (from the RACE division of the Alaska Fisheries Science Center). So she developed a quantitative PCR assay to detect baby red king crabs (Paralithodes camtschaticus) and shared her work with us at the Alaska Marine Science Symposium. The "how did she do that" stuff is a little over my head, but the "why did she do that" is pretty neat: little is known about where the larval red king crabs are dispersed throughout the Bering Sea, but there are A LOT of water samples. The assay is used to screen for larval red king crabs so they can know which samples had crabs, and then they can figure out where there samples (and baby crabs) were found. Using the assay, they can detect 1/10,000th of a larva ...
[ Halloween Hermit Crab Shells ] - What Do Halloween Crabs Eat,Census Of Marine Life Crabs Of French Frigate Shoals,2860586015 7d2234eddd Z Jpg Zz 1
I need some help. My fish are fine but inverts die quickly such as hermit crabs, snails, shrimp, urchin. PH is 8.4, temp is 79, shows 0 nitrites, 0 nitrates, posphate tested at LFS showed small amount.
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I often check out my tank after the aquarium lights have been off for a while. I saw something tonight in my reef tank that Ive never seen before. One of my corals, a orange/green acanthastrea echinata, had snared a hermit crab with its stinging mesenterial filaments. :surprised: I turned on the tank lights to get take these photos: http://i13.photobucket.com/albums/a259/y2kenny19/Saltwater/coralhermit1.jpg
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Among the marine and terrestrial Meiura (including anomuran and brachyuran crabs) studied so far (referring to [44]; Table. 2), Birgus latro, in absolute terms, has the largest olfactory neuropils, the largest olfactory glomeruli, and the highest number of olfactory glomeruli. Furthermore, the study by Harms 1932 [7] indicates that these animals also rank highly concerning the number of aesthetascs but it is difficult to extract which methods for counting this author used and what the size of the animals was that he examined. We estimate an aesthetasc number of 1,600 to 1,800 per lateral flagellum of an adult animals first antenna, which is more than twice the number counted by Harms. Due to the fact that the aesthetasc number increases with growth in crayfish [44], we may assume that Harms examined a younger specimen than we did. Concerning absolute ON volume and glomerular numbers, the coconut crab together with other large crustaceans, spiny lobsters of the genera Jasus and Panulirus ranks ...
O objetivo desse estudo foi avaliar o efeito de uma dieta rica em carboidratos e uma dieta rica em proteínas sobre o metabolismo de Aegla platensis, um caranguejo anomuro de água doce. Os animais foram coletados no Arroio do Mineiro, município de Taquara, Rio Grande do Sul, em agosto/2002 e janeiro/2003, e foram alimentados durante 15 dias com carne bovina crua e arroz branco, em aquários aerados. O fotoperíodo foi controlado: 12 horas claro - 12 horas escuro. Glicose, proteínas, lipídios e triglicerídios foram dosados na hemolinfa; glicogênio e lipídios foram dosados no hepatopâncreas, brânquias e músculo. Em Aegla platensis, mantida em condições de laboratório, em todos os tecidos estudados pode ser observado que o aporte regular de alimento, bem como o tipo de dieta administrada determinaram um perfil diferenciado de resposta metabólica entre os sexos e o período de realização dos experimentos (inverno e verão ...
[A total of 491 Munida rutllanti specimens was captured between depths of 150 and 380 m in Sigacik Bay in the commercial trawl fisheries season of 2006-2007. During this sampling, 208 females (42.36%) and 283 males (57.64%) were found. Undamaged female (104) and male specimens (107) were measured for morphometric features such as total carapace length with rostrum, carapace length, rostrum length, rostrum basis width, anterior carapace width, maximum carapace width, cheliped length, total length, and wet weight. Length-weight relationship parameters were calculated as W = 2.1623 TL - 4.018 for males, and W = 2.7417 TL - 5.083 for females, respectively. Au total, 491 spécimens de Munida rutllanti ont été capturés à des profondeurs allant de 150 à 380 m dans la baie de Sigacik au cours de la saison de pêche commerciale de 2006-2007. Au cours de cet échantillonnage, 208 femelles (42,36%) et 283 mâles (57,64%) ont été trouvés. Des spécimens intacts, femelles (104) et
King crabs diets vary with their age and the depth at which they live in the ocean. Larval crabs float around and eat plankton, juvenile crabs fall to the ocean floor and eat other organisms that...
Geneva ChopHouse: Awesome Steak and King Crab - See 340 traveller reviews, 40 candid photos, and great deals for Lake Geneva, WI, at TripAdvisor.
These four possibilities represent hypothetical extremes of the presence or absence. In reality, possibility (a), where there is a degree of both behavioural consistency and plasticity, appears to have the greatest level of support from empirical studies where both possibilities have been tested for (e.g. Johnson & Sih 2007). Nevertheless, where both behavioural plasticity and consistency are detected, there may still be a trade-off between the tendency for plastic and consistent behaviours. One way to determine the direction favoured in this trade-off is to compare effect size estimates for tests of average differences in behaviour between situations (plasticity) with those obtained for tests of stability in ranks of individual responses between situations (consistency). Comparison of effect size estimates is a technique that underpins meta-analysis, where it is often necessary to make comparisons between different statistical tests. As noted by Johnson & Sih (2007), the correct test for ...
So freakin ADORABLE! We cant!. Benedict Cumberbatch broke hearts around the world when his engagement to the incredible Sophie Hunter was announced.. Women were crying, dogs were howling, it was quite a big to-do, however, there are definitely some good side effects to the announcement.. [ Related: Benedict Explains His Engagement Announcement! ]. Like, the fact that an engaged Benedict means a married Benedict which means a FATHER BENEDICT comes soon after!. Aka CUMBERBABIES!!!!. The Imitation Game actor admitted we arent the only ones who want some mini Benedicts! His mom is anxiously awaiting some grandbabies too!. He said: Tags: baby blabber, benedict cumberbatch, benedict cumberbatch engaged, benedict cumberbatch engaged to sophie hunter, benedict cumberbatch fiance, benedict cumberbatch getting married, benedict cumberbatchs mom wants cumberbabies, cumberbabies, engaged, fiance, love line, marrying, put a ring on it, sophie hunter. ...
The coconut crab, Birgus latro, is a species of terrestrial hermit crab, also known as the robber crab or palm thief. It is the largest land-living arthropod in the world, and is probably at the upper size limit of terrestrial animals with exoskeletons in todays atmosphere at a weight of up to 4.1 kg (9.0…
Open Access (246) the Searching for Lost Frogs (5) Worlds Smallest Frogs (2) 1800s (3) 1910s (2) 1930s (2) 1940s (1) 1950s (2) 1960s (5) 1970s (3) 1980s (19) 1991 (6) 1992 (2) 1993 (5) 1994 (6) 1995 (12) 1996 (8) 1997 (13) 1998 (18) 1999 (30) 2000 (19) 2001 (25) 2002 (34) 2003 (38) 2004 (41) 2005 (68) 2006 (68) 2007 (78) 2008 (107) 2009 (126) 2010 (156) 2011 (196) 2012 (237) 2013 (366) 2014 (380) 2015 (417) 2016 (659) 2017 (693) Abelisaur (6) Abelisauridae (6) Acanthaceae (4) Acanthuridae (1) Acanthuriformes (1) Accipitridae (4) Acoustics (36) Acta Phytotax. Geobot. (1) Actinopterygii (51) Advertisement Call (15) Aepyornithidae (1) Aetiocetidae (1) Aetosaur (1) Africa (288) African Amphibian (29) African Bird (18) African Botany (14) African Fish (22) African Great Lakes (1) African Invertebrates (3) African Mammal (36) African Reptile (45) Afromontane (9) Afrotheria (1) Afrotropic (24) Agamidae (54) Agaricales (1) Akysidae (3) Alligatoridae (1) Allosaur (1) Alpheidae (4) Alsodidae (1) ...
These two papers from these authors are a matched pair. Indeed, the two should have been combined into one paper. Each is very slight, with one experiment that is a variation of the other. In both, they implanted wires into the shells hermit crabs live in, so they could deliver small electric shocks to the hermit crabs abdomen. In one (Appel and Elwood), they varied the intensity of the electrical stimulus. In the other (Elwood and Appel), they kept the intensity of the electrical stimulus the same, but gave the animals options for new shells to enter should they leave the shells they had been shocked in ...
There are only a few number of those now, as they are huddling together in groups & in hidden sections of tide pools, seemingly dying very rapidly from pH & a myriad of other factors previously described. I really need to mention something very important to you. Granted, our house happens to be in the center of an ancient ring of indigenous stone balls, (which we just found out!) but the ufo activity here has been off the charts. One night they were right on our patio. The security guy for the residential area is our friend, & came over the next day saying everyone was calling & asking about the blinding lights happening all night long... & our neighbor was so scared that she has since moved. I wanted to go out & communicate with them, but my boyfriend was really scared, lights were shooting in our rooms from every angle, & wanted me to stay inside with him. Next time I am going though, for sure. Inexplicably, the next day we all felt better. My roommates wrenching stomach pain has subsided, & ...
1982. Neal Pronek. Provides information on the biology of this popular crustacean as well as guidelines to follow for its care in the terrarium. Contains 27 color photos and 25 …
Over the years, we have had many, many pets. We have also had many, many pets that have had many, many babies. We have experienced the birth of a horse/pony and the birth of a mule. At one point, we had two guinea pigs give birth to at least 5 baby guineas. An outside cat had a litter of kittens we helped out with. We have witnessed parakeet eggs being laid, incubated, hatched, and die. We have found wild bunnies alive with their guts hanging out in our yard and tried to help. We helped out a Red-bellied woodpecker and a blue jay after a stray cat attack. We tried to help out a hermit crab that was dragged out of his shell and stabbed in the abdomen by another hermit crab who wanted that shell for himself but last night was a first for us. A parakeet laying an egg that got stuck. UGH! The girls discovered that our only female keet was having trouble passing an egg. There was blood every where. Her cage looked like a mini-crime scene, and the egg was literally hanging outside of the keets body ...
GroundTruthTrek:Quicksand and sleet, set nets and cities, dodging bears and waves and acres of mud, diving into Cook Inlets... https://t.co/roZkCwGExT. @GroundTruthTrek:Part 2: Oil Tax Credits. Did you know cash for oil companies was the third biggest item in the 2016 budget? And... https://t.co/HPICfcykTP. @GroundTruthTrek:Want to know more about Alaskas oil taxes and credits? Maybe not, given all the excitement in the rest of the... https://t.co/gAkl6CQubS. @GroundTruthTrek:https://t.co/strCS97f03. @GroundTruthTrek:A crab ball (from our friends Simon Prennace and Roger Deffendal in Dutch Harbor). Apparently this crab ball is... https://t.co/efkJGYbPsH. ...
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Yesterday at my local petsmart the girl told me cob bedding was great for hermies. Of course I listened and bought it for the new 10 gal I bought them. Just wanted to double check that it is ok for
The FTC requires people, such as myself, who write blogs and review product to disclose where the product came from and if it was given to them for review purposes. All curriculum, resources, items for my "Grandmas Pick" and items I review for specific posts/articles are given to me by their publisher and/or manufacturer for free for review and/or give-away purposes. I do not work for any publishers - or other companies - and will do my best to give an un-biased review of the items I review. After my review, I give most of the curriculum to churches to use in their ministries and have drawings among the people who have "liked" and or "followed" my blog with the facebook and follow buttons on the blog for the "Grandmas Pick" give-away items. I am disclosing this in accordance with the Federal Trade Commissions 16 CFR, Part 255: "Guides Concerning the Use of Endorsements and Testimonials in Advertising ...
[Les interactions combatives de cinq espèces de pagurides ont été observées sur le terrain en plusieurs localités des Florida Keys. Des 322 rencontres observées, 34% étaient interspécifiques. Pour une espèce particulière, en un lieu donné, le nombre de combats interspécifiques variait de 8% (Clibanarius tricolor dans des cuvettes rocheuses intertidales) à 100% (C. antillensis sur un platier rocheux). Pour C. tricolor la proportion des interactions avec manifestations combatives était plus élevée dans les rencontres intraspécifiques que dans les rencontres interspécifiques., Les interactions combatives de cinq espèces de pagurides ont été observées sur le terrain en plusieurs localités des Florida Keys. Des 322 rencontres observées, 34% étaient interspécifiques. Pour une espèce particulière, en un lieu donné, le nombre de combats interspécifiques variait de 8% (Clibanarius tricolor dans des cuvettes rocheuses intertidales) à 100% (C. antillensis sur un platier rocheux).
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We know you cant tell the exact age without counting the rings from the base of their antennules. We know that you cant tell age from the size of the BP or legs, because they might be smaller when regenerated. We know they might have fewer molts during times of stress. But generally, we should be able to place a rough age, plus or minus a couple years, on a crab based on their general size. It doesnt have to be exact, but its nice to have some way to place a guess as to our crabs age ...
Two weeks ago, we asked you what your favoritest animals in the world were. Then, last week we asked you to up the ante and get weirder. You responded in turn with a veritable cornucopia of odd critters some of which we had never heard of! (Just kidding of course wed heard of them, were…. ...
BACKGROUND: The infraorder Anomura has long captivated the attention of evolutionary biologists due to its impressive morphological diversity and ecological adaptations. To date, 2500 extant species have been described but phylogenetic relationships at high taxonomic levels remain unresolved. Here, we reconstruct the evolutionary history-phylogeny, divergence times, character evolution and diversification-of this speciose clade. For this purpose, we sequenced two mitochondrial (16S and 12S) and three nuclear (H3, 18S and 28S) markers for 19 of the 20 extant families, using traditional Sanger and next-generation 454 sequencing methods. Molecular data were combined with 156 morphological characters in order to estimate the largest anomuran phylogeny to date. The anomuran fossil record allowed us to incorporate 31 fossils for divergence time analyses.
Fabricius, J.C., 1787. Mantissa insectorum, sistens eorum species nuper detectas adiectis characteribus genericis, differentiis specificis, emendationibus, observationibus. Vol. 1: 348 pp. Christ. Gottl. Proft, Hafniae. BHL reference page ...
After graduating high school Henry attended Sheldon Jackson Jr. College in Sitka he enrolled in Univesity of Alaska and University of Corpus Christi, Texas.. By the age of 28 Henry Kroll owned a seventy-foot boat and fished king crab in the freezing waters of the Cook Inlet and Kodiak. In 1969 he purchased the 70-foot Mary M and rigged her to fish king crab. He piloted the Mary M to Seattle twice for major shipyard repairs. With the Mary M Henry caught and delivered more than three-million pounds of king crag, three-million pounds of tanner crab and several million pounds of herring and salmon. After fishing king crab twenty-five years and attending three universities Henry puts the same work ethic and energy into his research and writing.. Henry and Mary his wife of 28-years currently own and operate the 42-foot salmon tender Brisk. Henry still works 24-hour days tendering millions of pounds of salmon to market. Henry learned to work from his father who built a salmon cannery from nothing after ...
After graduating high school Henry attended Sheldon Jackson Jr. College in Sitka he enrolled in Univesity of Alaska and University of Corpus Christi, Texas.. By the age of 28 Henry Kroll owned a seventy-foot boat and fished king crab in the freezing waters of the Cook Inlet and Kodiak. In 1969 he purchased the 70-foot Mary M and rigged her to fish king crab. He piloted the Mary M to Seattle twice for major shipyard repairs. With the Mary M Henry caught and delivered more than three-million pounds of king crag, three-million pounds of tanner crab and several million pounds of herring and salmon. After fishing king crab twenty-five years and attending three universities Henry puts the same work ethic and energy into his research and writing.. Henry and Mary his wife of 28-years currently own and operate the 42-foot salmon tender Brisk. Henry still works 24-hour days tendering millions of pounds of salmon to market. Henry learned to work from his father who built a salmon cannery from nothing after ...
After graduating high school Henry attended Sheldon Jackson Jr. College in Sitka he enrolled in Univesity of Alaska and University of Corpus Christi, Texas.. By the age of 28 Henry Kroll owned a seventy-foot boat and fished king crab in the freezing waters of the Cook Inlet and Kodiak. In 1969 he purchased the 70-foot Mary M and rigged her to fish king crab. He piloted the Mary M to Seattle twice for major shipyard repairs. With the Mary M Henry caught and delivered more than three-million pounds of king crag, three-million pounds of tanner crab and several million pounds of herring and salmon. After fishing king crab twenty-five years and attending three universities Henry puts the same work ethic and energy into his research and writing.. Henry and Mary his wife of 28-years currently own and operate the 42-foot salmon tender Brisk. Henry still works 24-hour days tendering millions of pounds of salmon to market. Henry learned to work from his father who built a salmon cannery from nothing after ...
After graduating high school Henry attended Sheldon Jackson Jr. College in Sitka he enrolled in Univesity of Alaska and University of Corpus Christi, Texas.. By the age of 28 Henry Kroll owned a seventy-foot boat and fished king crab in the freezing waters of the Cook Inlet and Kodiak. In 1969 he purchased the 70-foot Mary M and rigged her to fish king crab. He piloted the Mary M to Seattle twice for major shipyard repairs. With the Mary M Henry caught and delivered more than three-million pounds of king crag, three-million pounds of tanner crab and several million pounds of herring and salmon. After fishing king crab twenty-five years and attending three universities Henry puts the same work ethic and energy into his research and writing.. Henry and Mary his wife of 28-years currently own and operate the 42-foot salmon tender Brisk. Henry still works 24-hour days tendering millions of pounds of salmon to market. Henry learned to work from his father who built a salmon cannery from nothing after ...
Baba, K., Macpherson, E., Poore, G., Ahyong, S., Bermudez, A., Cabezas, P., Lin, C., Nizinski, M., Rodrigues, C. & Schnabel, K. (2008). Catalogue of squat lobsters of the world (Crustacea: Decapoda: Anomura - families Chirostylidae, Galatheidae and Kiwaidae). Zootaxa. 1905, 220 pp ...
Ahyong, S.T.; Baba, K.; MacPherson, E.; Poore, G.C.B. 2010: A new classification of the Galatheoidea (Crustacea: Decapoda: Anomura). Zootaxa 2676: 57-68. Preview reference page [see p. 62 ...
This weeks recipe is for Hermits in cookie form. Generally theyre baked in a large pan and cut into bars. When we first moved from MA to FL, I had a part time job and one week brought in Hermits for the marketing department. A lot of people who live in FL are transplants. I was really surprised that only one person knew what Hermits were. In New England, theyre practically a staple! Anyway, I chose this recipe because it is easier than the bar recipe which can tend to be dry if you dont take them out at exactly the right time ...
Aggressive interactions between animals are often settled by the use of repeated signals that reduce the risk of injury from combat but are expected to be costly. The accumulation of lactic acid and the depletion of energy stores may constrain activity rates during and after fights and thus represent significant costs of signalling. We tested this by analysing the concentrations of lactate and glucose in the haemolymph of hermit crabs following agonistic interactions over the ownership of the gastropod shells that they inhabit. Attackers and defenders play distinct roles of sender and receiver that are fixed for the course of the encounter. Attackers perform bouts of shell rapping, which vary in vigour between attackers and during the course of the encounter, and are a key predictor of victory. In contrast to the agonistic behaviour of other species, we can quantify the vigour of fighting. We demonstrate, to our knowledge for the first time, an association between the vigour of aggressive ...
Several applications of high throughput genome and transcriptome sequencing would benefit from a reduction of the high-copy-number sequences in the libraries being sequenced and analyzed, particularly when applied to species with large genomes. We adapted and analyzed the consequences of a method that utilizes a thermostable duplex-specific nuclease for reducing the high-copy components in transcriptomic and genomic libraries prior to sequencing. This reduces the time, cost, and computational effort of obtaining informative transcriptomic and genomic sequence data for both fully sequenced and non-sequenced genomes. It also reduces contamination from organellar DNA in preparations of nuclear DNA. Hybridization in the presence of 3 M tetramethylammonium chloride (TMAC), which equalizes the rates of hybridization of GC and AT nucleotide pairs, reduced the bias against sequences with high GC content. Consequences of this method on the reduction of high-copy and enrichment of low-copy sequences are reported
Principal Investigator:KITTAKA Jiro, Project Period (FY):1995 - 1996, Research Category:Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (C), Section:一般, Research Field:General fisheries
The miniaturization of the current technology of storage media is hindered by fundamental limits of quantum mechanics. A new approach consists in using so-called spin-crossover molecules as the smallest possible storage unit. Similar to normal hard drives, these special molecules can save information via their magnetic state. A research team from Kiel University has now managed to successfully place a new class of spin-crossover molecules onto a surface and to improve the molecules storage capacity. The storage density of conventional hard drives could therefore theoretically be increased by more than one hundred fold. The study has been published in the scientific journal Nano Letters. ...
Hermit of Mink Hollow è un album in studio del musicista rock statunitense Todd Rundgren, pubblicato nel 1978. Side 1 - The Easy Side All the Children Sing - 3:08 Can We Still Be Friends - 3:34 Hurting for You - 3:20 Too Far Gone - 2:38 Onomatopoeia - 1:34 Determination - 3:11 Side 2 - The Difficult Side Bread - 2:48 Bag Lady - 3:13 You Cried Wolf - 2:20 Lucky Guy - 2:04 Out of Control - 3:56 Fade Away - 3:04 (EN) Hermit of Mink Hollow, su AllMusic, All Media Network ...
Fishpond New Zealand, Shrek the Famous Hermit Sheep of Tarras by Tarras Primary School Students Jenny Chisholm (Illustrated )Buy . Books online: Shrek the Famous Hermit Sheep of Tarras, 2004, Fishpond.co.nz
The chemistry of the North Pacific Ocean is changing in ways that pose serious threats to Alaskas two signature crab species: the red king crab and the snow crab. The culprit is ocean acidification.. This report, produced in partnership with the Pulitzer Center and the Seattle Times, is the first of a three-part PBS NewsHour series on the unexpected consequences of climate change called "Coping with Climate Change: Arctic Thaw.". The video above will air on Mondays NewsHour. On Tuesday, the NewsHour sails with NOAA to learn how its scientists chart the sea floor, and why their work, and that of the U.S. Coast Guard, are being stretched as the nations frigid Arctic water heats up. On Wednesday, we look at the threat to traditional life for Native Inupiat Eskimos in far Northern Alaska.. The video above is also part of a series of special reports by the Seattle Times on climate change, which can be found here.. ...
Cat in the Hat Knows A Lot About That! I Love The Nightlife/Oh Give Me A Home! I Love the Nightlife - Nick wants to stay awake all night. Good thing the Cat needs help finding his most favorite hat that he lost in the forest of Wagamaroo! The Cat takes Nick and Sally on a nocturnal adventure, along the way meeting a variety of animals who stay up all night! Oh Give Me a Home! - Nick has a super duper special shell and Sally wants one too! The Cat in the Hat takes them to a beachside adventure where they meet Tucker, a hermit crab who is also looking for a new shell because hes grown too big for his. An under the sea fashion show gives both Tucker and Sally super duper special shells!. D ...
The Embrace Of Sea Water - Η Αγκαλιά Του Θαλασσινού Νερού by Kostas Lagos. .The dolphin swims across the oceans While a hermit crab changes its shell. Page
Last weekend, my friend Heidi and her husband, Rich, invited the kids and I to join them for tidepooling at Leo Carrillo Beach, just north of Malibu. It was so much fun, and I hadnt done that since I was a teenager. We saw sea anemones, hermit crabs, starfish, and (gasp!) we all got to hold an octopus! You know, I have heard that sea anemones sting, but one of the best things about tidepooling when I was a kid was to touch a sea anemone and watch it curl up. I used to put seashells in the center of the anemones to watch them grab them, presumably to devour them. But then a minute or two later, you watch them spit the shells out. So, I tentatively touched one this time, and lo and behold they still dont sting! So I taught my kids how to touch them so they could have the experience of watching them curl up, too. Now, I would say that 10% of the time, the kids explored the tidepools, and 90% of the time they played Star Wars with Jacob and Connor on the beach, but I loved being there to watch ...
Sunday night, after all the spinning, working and potlucking* of the weekend, I walked into my kitchen. Something was not right. There was a very unpleasant odor. I quickly realized that it was coming from one of the hermit crabs. He had not moved in a long time. He had passed on. Just to be extra sure he was dead before I tossed him in the trash I put him and his tankmate into a container with water. Tankmate immediately perked up and started moving around. Deadcrab was still dead. I picked up Tankmate to place him back in his tank and he threw himself forward, nearly completely out of his shell, back toward the water. I put him back in the water. I tried to lift him again and again he reached for the water. It was as if he didnt want to leave Deadcrab. I managed to put Tankmate back in the tank and placed Deadcrab in a ceremonial grocery store produce bag usually saved to pick up dog poop. I started to spruce up the tank a little with some fresh food, water and some apple peels when I saw ...
GAINESVILLE, Fla. --- A 5-million-year-old saber-toothed cat, the worlds oldest grape and a bizarre hermit crab were among more than 100 new species discovered by University of Florida scientists last year.
But the fun news is the most wonderful vacation we just had at Kiahuna Plantation on Kauai the past two weeks. It was the most wonderful trip with our two daughters and most of their families, including the 3 adorable grand children. We swam at the beach and at the ocean, snorkeled, played on the water slide and the beach, ate out and in, toured Kilauea lighthouse, danced the hula and saw three amazing shows, one being the most spectacular Aulii Luau at the Sheraton in Poipu, just a few steps from our condo. We had ice cream, shave ice, smoothies, and lots of fish. We saw Monk Seals and Sea Turtles up close and personal; not to mention two Manta Rays, giant frogs (about 10 of them one evening), spiny sea stars, hermit crabs, sea cucumbers geckos and anoles. Oh and amazing smell of flowers, lots of birds, and chickens galore. ...
Eggs are high in protein and essential in burning fats. The mashed potatoes and gravy add one other 125 to one hundred fifty calories and more fats grams. 2009 Jul 1;166(10):1112-7. Research as a lot as you can where this is concerned, as hermit crabs will not be just throw away pets. Keep in mind: You should use the Vitamin Information label not solely to assist limit those nutrients you asian society of parenteral and enteral nutrition to in the reduction of on but additionally to extend these vitamins you want to consume in greater amounts. What is left is 38 fiber (both soluble and insoluble), and most of the fat is the healthy omega-3 fatty acid ALA (alpha-linolenic acid). The patient is really helpful to meet the dietician before discharge, in order that they know clearly as to what food to eat and what meals to keep away from submit discharge. We really feel more alert and prepared for action. Aiming to lose more might end in a slowing of the metabolism, as the body goes right into a ...
Orlistat provides how long does viagra last maximum on price doxycycline without insurance in the UK and is under the offer simplex of Xenical. Some of the big offenders each other after all that. The study concluded that the high cholesterol levels in the blood are the main contributors to the development of levitra online cardiovascular diseases. The person always had a large puddle or standing around A note on said bikes Thought of as low as possible Extra money for a delay in litigation, before paying for the payments. He doesnt want to accept it and work on it together. If it is not licensed there, or if you cant find its location, then it may be offshore, located in another country. Summarize your question or issue Additional details that can help us respond sooner include: Who your account admin is What you expected to happen, versus what actually happened When the issue occurred. This is the more traditional method of getting Viagra. There was a hermit crab inside and it pinched her ...
Through the frayed curtain at my window, a wan glow announces the break of day. My heels hurt, my head weighs a ton, and something like a giant invisible cocoon holds my whole body prisoner. My room emerges slowly from the gloom. I linger over every item: photos of loved ones, my childrens drawings, posters, the little tin cyclist sent by a friend the day before the Paris-Roubaix bike race, and the IV pole hanging over the bed where I have been confined these past six months, like a hermit crab dug into his rock. No need to wonder very long where I am, or to recall that the life I once knew was snuffed out Friday, the eighth of December, last year. Up until then I had never even heard of the brain stem. Ive since learned that it is an essential component of our internal computer, the inseparable link between the brain and the spinal cord. That day I was brutally introduced to this vital piece of anatomy when a cerebrovascular accident took my brain stem out of action. In the past, it was known ...
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Buy discount Wardley fish food, Wardley koi food, Wardley hermit crab food, Wardley turtle food and other Wardley aquarium products online
Buy discount Wardley fish food, Wardley koi food, Wardley hermit crab food, Wardley turtle food and other Wardley aquarium products online
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Xenia Dying, But Not Dying James- Thanks for the response. ,Youre welcome, I was afraid you were going to say it was the lighting. I thought it was pushing it, but my LFS said it would be okay. Ill check my iodine levels. Ack! Pay the rent or upgrade lights!? ,Mike, keep in mind your local fish store is a business. They survive by sales. Some may not be as honest as they should be. Always best to do research before buying so you know from the horses mouth what a specimen needs to survive. James (Salty Dog), -Mike. Phyllodesmium Munched Xenia? - 06/18/05 Greetings. ,,Hello,, I have a 30 gallon saltwater tank with 10 gallon sump. A protein skimmer (Excalibur) resides in the sump along with the heater. I have about 30 lbs of Tonga live rock, with two cleaner shrimps, 5 hermit crabs, a toadstool leather coral, a green star polyp colony, one (individual) green Ricordea mushroom polyp and (most recent addition) a Pom Pom xenia colony. The aquarium is about 2 months old. Water parameters are: ...
One of the beautiful quirks of biology is that the person who discovers a new species gets to name it. And sometimes, maybe to call attention to their discovery, maybe to honor an idol, maybe because its just fun, biologists name plants and animals, living and extinct, after famous people.. The world has a wasp named after Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, a beetle named after Pope John Paul II, a spider named after Arnold Schwarzenegger, a fish named after Al Gore, and an extinct hermit crab named after Michael Jackson. Most celebrities get just one random creature named after them; only about 50 people, living or dead, have more than two creatures named after them. Only nine people have five or more namesake creatures.. Mostly they are world leaders-Teddy and Franklin D. Roosevelt, Barack Obama, and Nelson Mandela. Theres no official list, but, based on Atlas Obscuras research, it seems that Thai Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn has more creatures named after her than any other celebrity in ...
Other Pet Supplies - Hermit Crab Climbing Net Natural UNIHEAT 72 HR 50 Piece Lot SHIPPING WARMER FRESH HEAT PACKS LASTS 72 HOURS Component TH Cattle Implan
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At the age of 12, I started seeing a chiropractor. In my early teenage years, I was diagnosed with severe scoliosis. Doctors told me that by the time I reached the age of 45, I might not be able to breathe if the scoliosis got bad enough. My spine was shaped like a perfect "S." I had my first surgery in 1977, followed by several more surgeries. Surgery after surgery left me in excruciating pain. I lived my life, but because my spine was stuck in a bad position, I walked crooked, I couldnt stand up straight, I couldnt walk my dogs, and I couldnt walk five feet without my back spasming. I had become like a hermit crab.. In September 2014, I was referred to John M. Rhee, MD, a spinal surgeon at the Emory Orthopaedic & Spine Center, because I had a very delicate problem that my former surgeons could not handle. Dr. Rhee explained to me what could be done, and I was so excited that I wanted to have surgery on the same day as my office visit! But because my problem was very severe, and the required ...
I came across the usual assortment of creatures. Lots of Striped hermit crabs (Clibanarius infraspinatus), many sand collars which are the egg mass of moon snails (Family Naticidae), one lovely egg case of the Noble volutes (Cymbiola nobilis) although I didnt see any of these snails. I also saw several sponges growing in the seagrass meadows, as well as many orange ascidians. I also saw a few cerianthid aka peacock anemone ...
Saturday for James: puke puke puke. Im siiiiiiiiiick. What are we going to doooo with me? Saturday for Jasper: Happy 10 months to me! Look, I can now move! Like a hermit crab, but much much less efficiently. Also, look! I have two top front teeth! Now I can pierce through your nipples as opposed…
Its spooky quiet here, waiting for the phone to ring to announce another round of house-viewers. Even our pets (such as they are) feel the stress of the moment. The kids have two hermit crabs. Theyve named the crabs Punchy and Crunchy, (or Akebono and Fujitake, depending on whom you ask.) Weve had one crab…
This is a Cerith snail. These are great algae eaters and can be found in many places in the tank: on the rockwork, crossing the sand and cleaning the glass. The benefit of these guys is that they have the ability to right themselves if they fall off an object, thus they dont succumb to hermit crab attacks as easily. Rather than lying there helpless, they get right back to
Hip: 35. Teresa Palmer Bra Size: 32B. Teresa Palmer Cup Size: B. Teresa Palmer Shoe Size: 7 (US). Teresa Palmer Horscope/Sun Sign: Pisces. Teresa Palmer Parents: Kevin Palmer, Paula Sanders. Date of Birth: 26 February 1986. Birth Place: South Australia, Australia. Nationality: Australia. Networth: $2 million. Teresa Palmer Husband/Spouse/Boyfriend:. Teresa Palmer Hair Color: Blonde. Teresa Palmer Dress Size: 68 (US). Teresa Palmer Eye Color: Blue ...
Last month , contestants in the Miss USA pageant were scared to death, according to Fox News. Why were they so terrified? They feared polarizing questions asked in interviews taped before the pageant, including "Should evolution be taught in schools?" After the pageant, observers noted that the victor, formerly Miss California, had declared herself a huge science geek and enthusiastically endorsed the teaching of evolution. Other contestants were not so enthusiastic, with first runner-up Miss Tennessee taking a rather softer approach, agreeing evolution should be taught in schools, but clarifying, Personally thats not my belief but I do think that all ideas should be put out there for people to decide for themselves.. Why should scientists and science education advocates care what Miss USA contestants think about evolution? Scientific research in the 150 years since Darwin published the Origin of Species has consistently re-affirmed the broad explanatory power of evolution in biology ...
Benedict Cumberbatch: Shirtless Shower Scene for Star Trek! Benedict Cumberbatch goes shirtless in a deleted shower scene from his film Star Trek Into Darkness that was revealed when J.J. Abrams made an appearance on Conan…
The mandible (from Latin: mandibula or mandĭbŭ-lum, a jaw) [1] of an arthropod is a pair of mouthparts used for either for biting, cutting and holding food.
Discover Lifes page about the biology, natural history, ecology, identification and distribution of Lintneria eremitus, Hermit Sphinx, larva image
Hermit Thrush: Small thrush, with olive-brown to red- or gray-brown upperparts, black-spotted white underparts and rufous tail. Distinct white eye-ring. Pink legs, feet. Swift direct flight, may hover briefly over prey. Considered to have one of the most beautiful songs of all North American birds. The state bird of Vermont.
Pauli Martin I am thankful for my faith. I am thankful for my family,job and the challenges I have had in my life and still do. It helped and helps me to be a stronger, better,stronger faiths woman with integrity, and a big heart. I live my life in Gods will. I learned that everyday is a gift! My life is for the Glory of God and Salvation of Souls. I am so grateful that I was Blessed for 30 years with a very knowledgeable,Spirit filled Spiritual Advisor who helped my family,others and myself. Because of The Holy Spirit,the Holy Mass,the Holy Eucharist and the Sacraments,I am able to live in Peace! No more Rage!Please pray for us financially. I had a concussion. I am still recovering. Please pray for the workmans comp people involved. Not Everyone is honest. My husband is disabled. I am working on jobs to help our home. Still not alot of income. I am doing Gods will! I am working as a special ed assistant thru the week,5 hours a day. After school,in the evenings,I am caregiving for one 86 year ...
Been meaning to post this for awhile....definitely one of my favorite displays that he does! I think hes trying to look like a hermit, but its hard to...
View this rental house at 44 Philp Street, Hermit Park QLD 4812. Available from Friday, 15 December 2017. Contact agent for price
Read Chapter III of The Hermit and the Wild Woman by Edith Wharton. The text begins: ON the fourteenth day he came to the valley below his cliff, and saw the walls of his native town against the sky. He was footsore and heavy of heart, for his long pilgrimage had brought him only weariness and humiliation, and as no drop of rain had fallen he knew that his garden must have perished. So he climbed the cliff heavily and reached his cave at the angelus. But there a great wonder awaited him. For though the scant earth of the hillside was parched and crumbling, his garden-soil reeked with moisture, and his plants had shot up, fresh and glistening, to a height they had never before attained. More wonderful still, the tendrils of the gourd had ...
Hydrocynus vittatus is a demersal, potamodromous species. It prefers warm, well-oxygenated water, mainly larger rivers and lakes. All but the largest form roving schools of like-sized fish; aptly described as fierce and voracious. Hydrocynus vittatus feeds on whatever prey is most abundant but Brycinus, Micralestes, Barbus, and Limnothrissa are favoured (Skelton 1993). It is a useful food fish in some areas (Eccles 1992). Breeding takes pace on a very few days each year, when the first good rains have swollen rivers and streams, usually in December and January at which time it undertakes a spawning migration up rivers and into small streams (Jackson 1961). The females spawn a great number of eggs in very shallow water, among the stems of grasses and other submerged and partly submerged vegetation and here the young live until the falling of the flood water forces them out of this refuge (Jackson 1961 ...
Like all arthropods, lobsters are largely bilaterally symmetrical; clawed lobsters often possess unequal, specialized claws, like the king crab. The anatomy of the lobster includes the cephalothorax which is the head fused with the thorax, both of which are covered by the carapace, and the abdomen. The lobsters head consists of antennae, antennules, mandibles, the first and second maxillae, and the first, second, and third maxillipeds. Because a lobster lives in a murky environment at the bottom of the ocean, its vision is poor and it mostly uses its antennae as sensors. The abdomen of the lobster includes swimmerets and its tail is composed of uropods and the telson ...
Wildlife safaris in Norway will bring you eye to eye with a myriad of unique creatures in their natural habitat. Join a safari and get close to animals like whales and king crabs, or even the shaggy survivors from the last glacial epoch - the musk oxen.
When Victoria was young, there were few family vacations or long road trips; Nick did not like crowds, and he had seen more than enough of the wide world during his military service. Victoria contemplated the possibility of getting away on a long trip--she had a car, cash, and lots of time. On the way back from their meeting with the lawyer in Grand Rapids, Zizi had playfully suggested Victoria go to Alaska. Victoria was an avid follower of Deadliest Catch, right from its first episode. Dutch Harbor seemed dangerous and romantic; she could almost feel the icy saltwater spray coming over the decks as she watched, and smell the fresh-caught King Crab in the holds. The crews seemed to live free and exhilarating lives, unlike her own. Perhaps a visit to a faraway place would help her find herself, pull her out of her self-imposed, flatline dullness. Maybe she would meet some handsome, bearded, crab-fishing Alaskan, someone like Scott Campbell, a.k.a. Junior, Captain of the Seabrooke on Deadliest ...
Actaea occidentalis es una especie de crustáceo decápodo de la familia Xanthidae.[1]​[2]​ Es considerado por algunos autores como una subespecie de Actaea peronii.[3]​ Vive en las costas de Australia Occidental.[4]​ Davie, P. (2009). «Actaea occidentalis Odhner, 1925». Registro Mundial de Especies Marinas (en inglés). Actaea occidentalis en el Catalogue of Life (en inglés). Poore, Gary (2004). Marine Decapod Crustacea of Southern Australia: A Guide to Identification. Csiro Publishing. p. 463. ISBN 0643099255. Davie, P. J. F. (2002). Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Volume 19: Eucarida (part 2), Decapoda - Anomura, Brachyura. Collingwood: CSIRO Publ. p. 511. ISBN 0643067922. Wikispecies tiene un artículo sobre Actaea occidentalis. ...
Actaea carcharias es una especie de crustáceo decápodo de la familia Xanthidae.[1]​[2]​ Habita en los arrecifes de la costa noreste de Queensland y de la costa oeste de Australia Occidental, en Australia.[3]​ Mide alrededor de 22 mm.[4]​ species,autor=Davie, Peter,taxón=Actaea carcharias White, 1848,id=444006,fecha=2009}} Actaea carcharias en el Catalogue of Life (en inglés). Davie, P. J. F. (2002). Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Volume 19: Eucarida (part 2), Decapoda - Anomura, Brachyura. Collingwood: Csiro Publishing. p. 510. ISBN 0643067922. Poore, Gary (2004). Marine Decapod Crustacea of Southern Australia: A Guide to Identification. Csiro Publishing. p. 463. ISBN 0643099255. Wikispecies tiene un artículo sobre Actaea carcharias. ...
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Commissioners Court on Tuesday hired a chief public defender, choosing a lawyer with a record of opening federal public defender offices to establish a Harris County agency to represent indigent defendants. By February, his office is expected to start representing mentally ill indigent defendants facing misdemeanor charges and appeals cases for the indigent. Harris County never has had an independent office to represent defendants, a legal counterpoint to the district attorney, since its first courtroom was opened nearly 174 years ago. Criminal lawyer George Mac Secrest, vice president of the Public Defender Board that recommended Bunin for the job over more than 10 other applicants, thanked everyone on the Commissioners Court whos worked so hard to finally bring this overdue idea to fruition. Proponents of ending Harris Countys distinction as the largest one in the nation without a public defender have suggested that attorneys dependent on judges for their jobs do not have the independence
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Channa andrao - Lal Cheng (Channa sp. Assam, Channa sp. lal cheng). Hi, the images with fry are included here. Just click on one of the photos to make it bigger, then use the arrows to scroll through until you find the.... 26th Nov 2019. Synodontis decorus - Clown Synodontis (Synodontis vittatus, Synodontis decora). Fixed!. 26th Nov 2019. Synodontis angelicus - Polka Dot Synodontis (Synodontis angelica). Fixed, thanks for the heads up!. 26th Nov 2019. Synodontis decorus - Clown Synodontis (Synodontis vittatus, Synodontis decora). Similar to the Angelicus, this scientific name is off. Its Decorus, not Decora.. 6th Nov 2019. Synodontis angelicus - Polka Dot Synodontis (Synodontis angelica). The scientific name for this fish is incorrect. It is Synodontis angelicUS, not angelicA. Fishbase lists angelica as a common misspelling, and Esch.... 6th Nov 2019 ...
Palmers Olive Butter Formula Renew Body Wash adalah krim mandi yang kaya akan agen pelembab seperti Extra Virgin Olive Oil dan Vitamin E serta anti oksidan. Extra Virgin Olive Oil akan menduplikasi lemak alami kulit yang membuatnya ideal untuk kulit kering dan sensitif. How to use : Aplikasikan pada tubuh untuk mandi, bilas hingga bersih Suitable for : Kulit kering, kulit sensitif Ingredients : Water (aqua), butyrospermum parkii (shea) butter, glycerin, cetearyl alcohol, olea europaea (olive) fruit oil, glyceryl stearate, Di-PPG-3 myristyl ether adipate, cetearyl glucoside, dimethicone, sodium cetearyl stearate, tocopheryl acetate, isopropyl myristate, sodium polyacrylate, tetrasodium EDTA, fragrance (parfum), eugenol, limonene, phenoxyethanol, methylisothiazolinone, yellow 5 (Cl 19140), blue 1 (Cl 42090), red 4 (Cl 14700).
Benjamin Morgan Palmer (1818-1902) was a Presbyterian minister and theologian who served the First Presbyterian Church of New Orleans from 1856-1902 and was the first moderator of the Presbyterian Church in the Confederate States of America (1861) and of the Synod of Louisiana (1901). From 1843 to 1855 he served the First Presbyterian Church of Columbia South Carolina.. More information on Palmer can be found on the PCA Historical Center web site here:. ...
Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and haplotype alleles within the prion gene (PRNP) coding sequence of domestic sheep (Ovis aries) are associated with genetic predisposition to scrapie, a transmissible spongiform encephalopathy disease of sheep. This report describes regions of linkage disequilibrium (LD) throughout the PRNP gene region in U.S. sheep and provides a genetic framework for identifying additional PRNP determinants associated with scrapie resistance. Four sequence tagged sites (i.e., STS or amplicons) totaling 3869 bp and spanning 20 kbp of genomic PRNP sequence were sequenced in a diverse panel of 90 sires representing ten popular U.S. breeds of sheep. Analysis of these sequences identified 36 previously unreported polymorphisms. In combination with two previously characterized STS, 62 polymorphisms were analyzed in a 20-kbp PRNP region in this panel of U.S. sheep. Two regions of strong LD and ten common haplotypes were identified. The haplotype encoding amino acid residues A, R, and

King crab - WikipediaKing crab - Wikipedia

... with comments on carcinization in the Anomura" (PDF). Zootaxa. 3722 (2): 283-300. doi:10.11646/zootaxa.3722.2.9.. ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/King_crab

Evolutionary morphology of the hemolymph vascular system in hermit and king crabs (Crustacea: Decapoda: Anomala) - Keiler -...Evolutionary morphology of the hemolymph vascular system in hermit and king crabs (Crustacea: Decapoda: Anomala) - Keiler -...

... the evolution of the crab-like habitus in Anomura (Arthropoda: Crustacea), Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 2017, 121 ...
more infohttp://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/jmor.20133/abstract

FAQs on Terrestrial/Freshwater Hermit CrabsFAQs on Terrestrial/Freshwater Hermit Crabs

Clibanarius fonticola, new species (Anomura: Paguridea: Diogenidae), from a fresh-water pool on Espiritu Santo, Vanuatu. ... www.crustacea.net/crustace/anomura/ ,I saw this, as well - Im sure you agree the mention of it is vague, at best, eh? Upon ...
more infohttp://www.wetwebmedia.com/FWSubWebindex/hermitcrabfaqs.htm

Behind Green Eyes: New Species of deep-water hermit crab finds itself unusual shelters | EurekAlert! Science NewsBehind Green Eyes: New Species of deep-water hermit crab finds itself unusual shelters | EurekAlert! Science News

Landschoff J, Lemaitre R (2017) Differentiation of three common deep-water hermit crabs (Crustacea, Decapoda, Anomura, ...
more infohttps://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2017-07/pp-bge071217.php

Palaeos Arthropods: Crustacea: Decapoda: AnomuraPalaeos Arthropods: Crustacea: Decapoda: Anomura

... in which case the present taxon becomes Crown Anomura). Stem Anomura : Platykotta + (Eocarcinus + * : Hippoidea + (Aeglidae + ... Phylogeny: Anomura : (Aeglidae + Galatheoidea + Kiwa + Lomis + (Paguroidea + Lithodoidea)) + *). Comments: sand crabs or mole ... Phylogeny: Anomura : Hippoidea + (Aeglidae + Galatheoidea + Kiwa + Lomis + (Lithodoidea + * ). Comments: The hermit crabs, a ... Phylogeny: Anomura : Hippoidea + (Aeglidae + Kiwa + Lomis + (Paguroidea + Lithodoidea) + * ). Comments: The porcelain crabs, ...
more infohttp://palaeos.com/metazoa/arthropoda/decapoda/anomura.html

Anomura - WikipediaAnomura - Wikipedia

The infraorder Anomura is divided into nine superfamilies: The oldest fossil attributed to Anomura is Platykotta, from the ... Crustaceans portal Arthropods portal Media related to Anomura at Wikimedia Commons Data related to Anomura at Wikispecies. ... Anomura (sometimes Anomala) is a group of decapod crustaceans, including hermit crabs and others. Although the names of many ... There is wide acceptance from morphological and molecular data that Anomura and Brachyura (true crabs) are sister taxa, ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anomura

Reports of Galathea Fabricius, 1793 (Crustacea: Decapoda: Anomura: Galatheidae) from Chinese waters, with descriptions of two...Reports of Galathea Fabricius, 1793 (Crustacea: Decapoda: Anomura: Galatheidae) from Chinese waters, with descriptions of two...

Reports of Galathea Fabricius, 1793 (Crustacea: Decapoda: Anomura: Galatheidae) from Chinese waters, with descriptions of two ... Li X (2009). Reports of Galathea Fabricius, 1793 (Crustacea: Decapoda: Anomura: Galatheidae) from Chinese waters, with ... Anomura: Galatheidae) from Chinese waters, with descriptions of two new species. Zootaxa 2687: 1-28, DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.199458 ...
more infohttps://www.gbif.org/dataset/08e56bed-1140-4d4a-b976-3848c01055ff

Perfil metabólico de Aegla platensis Schmitt, (Crustacea, Aeglidae, Anomura) submetida a dietas ricas em carboidratos ou...Perfil metabólico de Aegla platensis Schmitt, (Crustacea, Aeglidae, Anomura) submetida a dietas ricas em carboidratos ou...

Metabolic profile of Aegla platensis Schmitt, (Crustacea, Anomura) submitted to carbohydraterich or high-protein diets ... Perfil metabólico de Aegla platensis Schmitt, (Crustacea, Aeglidae, Anomura) submetida a dietas ricas em carboidratos ou ... Perfil metabólico de Aegla platensis Schmitt, (Crustacea, Aeglidae, Anomura) submetida a dietas ricas em carboidratos ou ... Perfil metabólico de Aegla platensis Schmitt, (Crustacea, Aeglidae, Anomura) submetida a dietas ricas em carboidratos ou ...
more infohttp://www.lume.ufrgs.br/handle/10183/87724

Differentiation of three common deep-water hermit crabs (Crustacea, Decapoda, Anomura, Parapaguridae) from the South African...Differentiation of three common deep-water hermit crabs (Crustacea, Decapoda, Anomura, Parapaguridae) from the South African...

Deep-water hermit crabs of the family Parapaguridae can be abundant (up to 20 kg or 1000 hermit crab individuals per haul) in the trawl bycatch collected during South African demersal abundance research surveys. Until recently, only two parapagurid species had been recognized in the bycatch; Parapagurus bouvieri Stebbing, 1910, and Sympagurus dimorphus (Studer, 1883). Detailed examination of numerous samples of parapagurid specimens from research surveys revealed the existence of a third, undescribed species previously confounded with S. dimorphus, but in fact belonging to a different genus. This new species, Paragiopagurus atkinsonae sp. n. is the 25th in the genus Paragiopagurus Lemaitre, 1996, and has been found only in a small region on the West Coast shelf of South Africa, at depths of 199-277 m. The species is herein fully described and illustrated, including colour images, µCT scans of selected body parts, and CO1 barcode data. The new species is morphologically most similar to P. ventilatus
more infohttps://zookeys.pensoft.net/article/12987

Egg development, hatching rhythm and moult patterns in Paralomis spinosissima (Decapoda: Anomura: Paguroidea: Lithodidae) from...Egg development, hatching rhythm and moult patterns in Paralomis spinosissima (Decapoda: Anomura: Paguroidea: Lithodidae) from...

Egg development, hatching rhythm and moult patterns in Paralomis spinosissima (Decapoda: Anomura: Paguroidea: Lithodidae) from ... Anomura: Paguroidea: Lithodidae) from South Georgia waters (Southern Ocean). ...
more infohttps://www.bas.ac.uk/data/our-data/publication/egg-development-hatching-rhythm-and-moult-patterns-in-paralomis-spinosissima/

Species New to Science: [Crustacea • 2017] Ancylocheles peterngi •  A New Species of the Genus Ancylocheles Haig, 1978 ...Species New to Science: [Crustacea • 2017] Ancylocheles peterngi • A New Species of the Genus Ancylocheles Haig, 1978 ...

Anomura (8) Anseriformes (4) Ansonia (12) Antarctic Peninsula (5) Antarctica (11) Anthozoa (8) Anthropocene (4) anthropogenic ( ... ป้ายกำกับ: 2017, Anomura, Author: Peter Ng, Coral, Crustacea, Decapoda, India, Invertebrate, Marine, Morphology, Ocean: Indian ... Crustacea • 2017] Ancylocheles peterngi • A New Species of the Genus Ancylocheles Haig, 1978 (Decapoda: Anomura: Porcellanidae) ... A New Species of the Genus Ancylocheles Haig, 1978 (Crustacea: Decapoda: Anomura: Porcellanidae) from Gujarat, northwestern ...
more infohttp://novataxa.blogspot.co.uk/2017/08/ancylocheles-peterngi.html

Influence of habitat heterogeneity on the assemblages and shell use of hermit crabs (Anomura: Diogenidae) | Zoological Studies ...Influence of habitat heterogeneity on the assemblages and shell use of hermit crabs (Anomura: Diogenidae) | Zoological Studies ...

McLaughlin PA: A review of the hermit-crab (Decapoda: Anomura: Paguridea) fauna of Southern Thailand, with particular emphasis ... Fransozo A, Bertini G, Braga AA, Negreiros-Fransozo ML: Ecological aspects of hermit crabs (Crustacea, Anomura, Paguroidea) off ... Rahayu DL: Hermit crabs from the South China Sea (Crustacea: Decapoda: Anomura: Diogenidae, Paguridae, Parapaguridae). Raffles ... Schembri PJ: Feeding behavior of fifteen species of hermit crabs (Crustacea: Decapoda: Anomura) from the Otaĝo reĝion, ...
more infohttps://zoologicalstudies.springeropen.com/articles/10.1186/s40555-014-0067-6

Brain architecture of the largest living land arthropod, the Giant Robber Crab Birgus latro (Crustacea, Anomura, Coenobitidae):...Brain architecture of the largest living land arthropod, the Giant Robber Crab Birgus latro (Crustacea, Anomura, Coenobitidae):...

Anomura, Paguridae) and Coenobita clypeatus (Anomura, Coenobitidae); [40, 43, 47] and Krieger (unpublished data). Although our ... 43] and Sandeman and Scholtz [47], small accessory neuropils are a synapomorphic feature for the Meiura (Anomura+Brachyura; [76 ... Dillaman RM, Greenaway P, Linton SM: Role of the midgut gland in purine excretion in the robber crab, Birgus latro (Anomura: ... Similar to the brain of the coenobitid hermit crab Coenobita clypeatus (Herbst, 1791; Anomura, Coenobitidae; [40]), a near ...
more infohttps://0-frontiersinzoology-biomedcentral-com.brum.beds.ac.uk/articles/10.1186/1742-9994-7-25

Two new species of Parapaguridae (Crustacea, Decapoda, Anomura, Paguroidea) with subconical corneas, and new data on biology of...Two new species of Parapaguridae (Crustacea, Decapoda, Anomura, Paguroidea) with subconical corneas, and new data on biology of...

Anomura, Paguroidea) with subconical corneas, and new data on biology of some rare species on the website of Scientific ... Crustacea, Decapoda, Anomura, Parapaguridae, Paragiopagurus, Oncopagurus, Typhlopagurus, Bivalvopagurus, hermit crabs, deep- ... Home > Journals > Zoosystema > 28 (2) > Two new species of Parapaguridae (Crustacea, Decapoda, Anomura, Paguroidea) with ... Two new species of Parapaguridae (Crustacea, Decapoda, Anomura, Paguroidea) with subconical corneas, and new data on biology of ...
more infohttp://sciencepress.mnhn.fr/en/periodiques/zoosystema/28/2/deux-nouvelles-especes-de-parapaguridae-crustacea-decapoda-anomura-paguroidea-avec-des-cornees-subconiques-et-donnees-nouvelles-sur-la-biologie-de-quelques-especes-rares

Genetic and morphometric comparisons of squat lobster, Munidopsis scobina (Decapoda: Anomura : Galatheidae) populations, with...Genetic and morphometric comparisons of squat lobster, Munidopsis scobina (Decapoda: Anomura : Galatheidae) populations, with...

T2 - Anomura : Galatheidae) populations, with notes on the phylogeny of the genus Munidopsis ... Genetic and morphometric comparisons of squat lobster, Munidopsis scobina (Decapoda: Anomura : Galatheidae) populations, with ... Genetic and morphometric comparisons of squat lobster, Munidopsis scobina (Decapoda : Anomura : Galatheidae) populations, with ... title = "Genetic and morphometric comparisons of squat lobster, Munidopsis scobina (Decapoda: Anomura : Galatheidae) ...
more infohttps://pure.uhi.ac.uk/en/publications/genetic-and-morphometric-comparisons-of-squat-lobster-munidopsis-

Birgus latro - Wikimedia CommonsBirgus latro - Wikimedia Commons

Anomura • Superfamilia: Paguroidea • Familia: Coenobitidae • Genus: Birgus • Species: Birgus latro (Linnaeus, 1767) ...
more infohttps://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Birgus_latro

Category:Birgus latro - Wikimedia CommonsCategory:Birgus latro - Wikimedia Commons

Anomura • Superfamilia: Paguroidea • Familia: Coenobitidae • Genus: Birgus • Species: Birgus latro (Linnaeus, 1767) ...
more infohttps://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:Birgus_latro

Hermit crab | crustacean | Britannica.comHermit crab | crustacean | Britannica.com

Hermit crab: Hermit crab, any crab of the families Paguridae and Coenobitidae (order Decapoda of the class Crustacea). These crabs use empty snail shells (e.g., whelk or periwinkle) or other hollow objects as a shelter for partial containment and protection of the body. Their bodies lack a hard protected
more infohttps://www.britannica.com/animal/hermit-crab

Decapoda InvestigationDecapoda Investigation

Anomura (mole crabs, hermit crabs and coconut crabs) *Mole crab males experience neoteny and are physically smaller than ... Anomura. *Includes hermit crabs, which have been kept as pets for a relatively long time. ... Anomura (mole crabs, hermit crabs, and coconut crabs):. *Consists of 1400 species. ...
more infohttp://tolweb.org/treehouses/?treehouse_id=4455

IchthyosporeaIchthyosporea

Anomura. Non-motile spore. Alacrinella. Isopod. Non-motile spore. Enterobryus. Arthropod. Non-motile spore. ...
more infohttp://tolweb.org/Ichthyosporea/

Decapoda - WikipediaDecapoda - Wikipedia

... and Anomura including hermit crabs, porcelain crabs, squat lobsters (about 2500 species) making up the bulk of the remainder.[1 ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Decapoda

Kelomang - Wikipedia bahasa Indonesia, ensiklopedia bebasKelomang - Wikipedia bahasa Indonesia, ensiklopedia bebas

Anomura, Paguroidea) from a mid-Cretaceous reef of Navarra, northern Spain". Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie. 263 ... Anomura) with recognition of a new superfamily". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 58 (2): 157-168. doi:10.1016/j.ympev. ... "Carcinization in the anomura - fact or fiction? I. Evidence from adult morphology". Contributions to Zoology. 67 (2): 79-123. ...
more infohttps://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kelomang

Encyclopedia of LifeEncyclopedia of Life

Anomura MacLeay 1838 Galatheoidea Samouelle 1819 Porcellanidae Haworth 1825 Padrycheles (this page) ...
more infohttps://eol.org/pages/32941464/names
  • Landschoff J, Lemaitre R (2017) Differentiation of three common deep-water hermit crabs (Crustacea, Decapoda, Anomura, Parapaguridae) from the South African demersal abundance surveys, including the description of a new species of Paragiopagurus Lemaitre, 1996. (eurekalert.org)
  • Although the names of many anomurans includes the word crab, all true crabs are in the sister group to the Anomura, the Brachyura (the two groups together form the clade Meiura). (wikipedia.org)
  • The name Anomura derives from an old classification in which reptant decapods were divided into Macrura (long-tailed), Brachyura (short-tailed) and Anomura (differently-tailed). (wikipedia.org)
  • There is wide acceptance from morphological and molecular data that Anomura and Brachyura (true crabs) are sister taxa, together making up the clade Meiura. (wikipedia.org)
  • Birgus latro Linnaeus, 1767, the giant robber crab or coconut crab (Anomura, Coenobitidae), is the largest land-living arthropod and inhabits Indo-Pacific islands such as Christmas Island. (beds.ac.uk)
  • Mantelatto, F.L. 2013: Molecular analysis validates of some informal morphological groups of Pagurus (Fabricius, 1775) (Anomura: Paguridae) from South America. (wikimedia.org)
  • Cladists tend to prefer Anomala, because the original definition of Anomura is parphyletic or polyphykletic as it includes the Thalassinida (which may or may not still be related). (palaeos.com)