Four polyoxygenated cyclohexenes from the Chinese tree, Uvaria purpurea. (1/50)

Two novel polyoxygenated cyclohexenes, 6-methoxyzeylenol (3) and 2-acetoxyzeylenone (4), together with two known compounds, zeylenol (1) and zeylenone (2), were isolated from the heartwood of the Chinese tree, Uvaria purpurea. Zeylenol (1) and zeylenone (2) both showed inhibitory activity toward the root growth of Lactuca sativa. Their structures were established by spectroscopic and chemical methods.  (+info)

Polyoxygenated cyclohexenes from the Chinese tree, Uvaria purpurea. (2/50)

Four new polyoxygenated cyclohexenes, 2-O-acetyl-6-O-methylzeylenol (2), 2-O-benzoyl-3-O-debenzoylzeylenone (5), 3-O-debenzoylzeylenone (6) and 3-O-debenzoylgrandiflorone (8), were isolated from the leaves of Uvaria purpurea. 2-O-acetyl-6-O-benzoylzeylenol (3) was also isolated for the first time as a natural product. Compounds 5-7 each showed inhibitory activity against the root growth of Lactuca sativa. Their structures were established by spectroscopic and chemical methods.  (+info)

Chromone and phenanthrene alkaloids from Dennettia tripetala. (3/50)

Dennettine, a new 2,6-dimethoxychromone and three known phenanthrene alkaloids (uvariopsine, stephenanthrine and argentinine) in addition to the phenolic and known compound vanillin were isolated from the roots of Dennettia tripetala. Their structures were determined by physical and spectroscopical one dimensional (1D) and 2D-NMR analysis, including heteronuclear multiple bond correlation and nuclear Overhauser enhancement spectroscopy.  (+info)

Inhibitory activities of three annonaceous acetogenins on NADH oxidase of chicken liver mitochondria. (4/50)

Annonaceous acetogenins (ACG) are natural products found in the plant family Annonaceae and which strongly inhibited mitochondrial complex I. The inhibition of NADH oxidase of chicken liver mitochondria by three different structural ACG was studied here, and ACG was shown to have potent inhibitory activities similar to rotenone for NADH oxidase. The IC(50) values indicated that bis-adjacent tetrahydrofuran (THF) type squamocin C was more potent than non-adjacent bis-THF type squamostatin B, and the latter was more potent than non-THF type compound 1 in the assay. The roles of structural factors of ACG such as the terminal gamma-lactone, the features of other ring moieties and hydroxyl groups, as well as the alkyl chain were simply discussed in this study.  (+info)

Effects of ylang-ylang essential oil on the relaxation of rat bladder muscle in vitro and white rabbit bladder in vivo. (5/50)

Current and primary treatment modality in overactive bladder includes the administration of anticholinergics. The demand for new agents has been rising since anticholinergics have proven to come with many side effects. This study was designed to investigate the effects of ylang-ylang essential oil (YYEO) on the relaxation of urinary bladder muscle in vitro and in vivo. Effects of YYEO were assessed on resting tension, and electrical field stimulation- and various drug-induced contraction in vitro by checking the isometric tension changes of muscle strips and same procedures were repeated in the presence of methylene blue, Nw-Nitro-L-arginine methyl ester hydrochloride (L-NAME), or N-ethylmaleimide, and in vivo. YYEO decreased significantly the contractility of strips. There was no statistically significant difference between the treated group only with YYEO and the pretreated group with YYEO and methylene blue or L-NAME. When N-ethylmaleimide was employed, there was a statistically significant decrease in the rate of contraction. In vivo studies showed the same results compared with in vitro study. The results of this study indicate that YYEO has a relaxing effect on the bladder, and such mechanism is thought to be brought about by a pathway mediated by c-AMP.  (+info)

Structural revision of epoxyrollins A and B, biosynthetic precursors of annonaceous acetogenins. (6/50)

Chemical structural elucidation of epoxyrollins A and B, representatives of biosynthetic precursors of tetrahydrofuran and tetrahydropyran annonaceous acetogenins, is described. These chemical structures were diepoxyreticanin 1 (4) and diepoxymuricanin A (6) by a (13)C-NMR and mass spectral study of the natural and synthetic sample data.  (+info)

Historical biogeography of two cosmopolitan families of flowering plants: Annonaceae and Rhamnaceae. (7/50)

Annonaceae are a pantropically distributed family found predominantly in rainforests, so they are megathermal taxa, whereas Rhamnaceae are a cosmopolitan family that tend to be found in xeric regions and may be classified as mesothermal. Phylogenetic analyses of these families are presented based on rbcL and trnL-F plastid DNA sequences. Likelihood ratio tests revealed rate heterogeneity in both phylogenetic trees and they were therefore made ultrametric using non-parametric rate smoothing and penalized likelihood. Divergence times were then estimated using fossil calibration points. The historical biogeography of these families that are species rich in different biomes is discussed and compared with other published reconstructions. Rhamnaceae and most lineages within Annonaceae are too young to have had their distribution patterns influenced by break-up of previously connected Gondwanan landmasses. Contrasts in the degree of geographical structure between these two families may be explained by differences in age and dispersal capability. In both groups, long-distance dispersal appears to have played a more significant role in establishing modern patterns than had previously been assumed. Both families also contain examples of recent diversification of species-rich lineages. An understanding of the processes responsible for shaping the distribution patterns of these families has contributed to our understanding of the historical assembly of the biomes that they occupy.  (+info)

Induction of leukemia cell apoptosis by cheliensisin A involves down-regulation of Bcl-2 expression. (8/50)

AIM: To investigate the apoptosis-inducing effect of cheliensisin A (GC-51), a novel styryl-lactone isolated from Goniothalamus cheliensis, on human promyelocytic leukemia HL-60 cells and the mechanism of action involved. METHODS: Apoptotic cell death was determined by morphological examination and DNA agarose gel electrophoresis. The activity of caspase-3 was assessed using Western blotting and the expression of Bcl-2 and Bax genes was analyzed using the reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) method. RESULTS: GC-51 significantly inhibited the proliferation of HL-60 cells with an IC50 of 2.4+/-0.2 micromol/L and effectively induced apoptosis in HL-60 cells. Exposure of HL-60 cells to 10 micromol/L GC-51 for 8 h resulted in approximately 53% of the cells undergoing apoptosis. Caspase-3 was activated in GC-51-treated cells, which was manifested by the appearance of the 17 kDa active form of caspase-3 and the cleavage of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP). Meanwhile, GC-51 markedly reduced the expression of the anti-apoptotic gene Bcl-2 and increased the expression of the pro-apoptotic gene Bax. The apoptosis-inducing effect of GC-51 was cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA) dependent because PKA, but not the protein kinase C, specific inhibitor H-89, blocked the induction of apoptosis by GC-51 in HL-60 cells. CONCLUSION: The results demonstrate that GC-51 effectively induces apoptosis in HL-60 cells and that this effect is PKA-dependent and involves the downregulation of Bcl-2 expression and the activation of caspase-3.  (+info)

*Annonaceae

AnnonBase-online database for Annonaceae World Annonaceae - a scratchpad for data on species of Annonaceae Annonaceae in BoDD ... "Annonaceae". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 18 March 2008. Flora of North America. "2. Annonaceae Jussieu ... The subfamilial and tribal classification is followed in World Annonaceae which presents an overview of all Annonaceae genera ... L.W. (2005-07-29). "Molecular Systematics of Annonaceae". Annonaceae research projects. Nationaal Herbarium Nederland. Archived ...

*List of culinary fruits

Annonaceae) Service tree (Sorbus domestica), bears a fruit known as a sorb or sorb apple Soursop (Annona muricata; Annonaceae ... Annonaceae) Bitter melon, the flesh of which is bitter, and used as a culinary vegetable, but with a sweet coating around the ... Annonaceae) Also called alligator-apple and monkey-apple Prickly pear (Opuntia spp.; Cactaceae) used as both a fruit and ... Annonaceae, not to be confused with papaya (Carica papaya; Caricaceae), which is called pawpaw in some English dialects) Peach ...

*Annona montana

"Result set for: Annonaceae Annona montana". New World Fruits Database. Retrieved 2008-04-18. [dead link] Morton, Julia F (1999- ... Annona montana or Mountain soursop is an edible fruit and medicinal plant in the Annonaceae family native to Central America, ... ISBN 976-640-127-6. Llamas, Kirsten Albrecht (2003). "Annonaceae". Tropical Flowering Plants: A Guide to Identification and ...

*Asimina triloba

It belongs to the genus Asimina in the same plant family (the Annonaceae) as the custard-apple, cherimoya, sweetsop, ylang- ... Robert Kral (1997). "Annonaceae". In Flora of North America Editorial Committee. Magnoliophyta: Magnoliidae and Hamamelidae. ... Annonaceae)". Contact Dermatitis. 29 (1): 33-5. PMID 8365150. "Pawpaw uses, benefits & dosage". Drugs.com. 2016. Retrieved 2016 ...

*Collared titi

Annonaceae); 3.4% Annona sp. (Annonaceae); 2.4% unidentified; 2.0% unidentified; Guatteria sp. (Annonaceae); 1.9% Duguetia sp ... Annonaceae). Palacios & Rodríguez and Palacios et al. identified 62 species from 32 plant familias in the diet of a study group ... Convolvulaceae); Jessenia bataua (Arecaceae); Psychotrian axillaris (Rubiaceae); Guatteria elata (Annonaceae); Virola sp. ( ... Annonaceae (4.19%); Cecropiaceae (4.03%); Araceae (1.95%); Elaeocarpaceae (1.78%); Dilleniaceae (1.69%), Combretaceae (1.17%), ...

*Asimina incana

... is a species of pawpaw (genus Asimina, family Annonaceae). It is a shrub that grows to a height of 1.5 metres (4 ... Robert Kral (1997). "Annonaceae". In Flora of North America Editorial Committee. Magnoliophyta: Magnoliidae and Hamamelidae. ...

*Custard apple

... may also refer to similar fruits produced by related trees: Annonaceae, the soursop family.Asimina triloba, the " ... "Annonaceae". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 18 March 2008. http://www.thefreedictionary.com/Custard-apple " ...

*Annona

... is a genus of flowering plants in the pawpaw/sugar apple family, Annonaceae. It is the second largest genus in the ... The compound annonacin and dozens of other acetogenins contained in the seeds and fruit of some members of Annonaceae such as ... Media related to Annona at Wikimedia Commons Data related to Annona at Wikispecies Type Collections of Neotropical Annonaceae ... ISBN 978-0-8493-2332-4. Warrington, Ian J. Warrington (2003). "Annonaceae". Apples: Botany, Production and Uses. CABI ...

*Annona reticulata

... is a small deciduous or semi-evergreen tree in the plant family Annonaceae. It is best known for its fruit, ... "Result set for: Annonaceae Annona reticulata". New World Fruits Database. Retrieved 16 April 2008. Dr. Kiran Kharat article - ... family ANNONACEAE]". African Plants. Ithaka Harbors, Inc. Retrieved 16 April 2008. [permanent dead link] Bioversity ...

*APG IV system

Annonaceae Juss., nom. cons. Laurales Juss. ex Bercht. & J.Presl Calycanthaceae Lindl., nom. cons. Siparunaceae Schodde ...

*Duguetia tobagensis

... is a small tree in the plant family Annonaceae which is endemic to Trinidad and Tobago. The species is only ... Westra; Lars W. Chatrou (2003). "Duguetia (Annonaceae)". Flora Neotropica. 88: 1-274. Van den Eynden, Veerle; Michael P. Oatham ...

*Xylopia aethiopica

... is an evergreen, aromatic tree, of the Annonaceae family that can grow up to 20m high. It is a native to the ... family ANNONACEAE. The useful plants of west tropical Africa, Vol 1. JSTOR. Retrieved 1 January 2013. Mitani, M. 1999. Does ... family ANNONACEAE". Flora Zambesiaca. JSTOR. Retrieved 1 January 2013. BBC Afrique (15 August 2012). "Café Touba, du bonheur ...

*Duguetia

... is a genus of trees and shrubs in the plant family Annonaceae with approximately 90 species in central and South ... Westra; Lars W. Chatrou (2003). "Duguetia (Annonaceae)". Flora Neotropica. 88: 1-274. ...

*White-fronted capuchin

Annonaceae (1); Musaceae (1); Apocynaceae (1); Orchidaceae (1); Araceae (1); Rubiaceae (1); Bignoriaceae (1). In terms of ...

*Cherimoya

family ANNONACEAE]". African Plants. Ithaka Harbors, Inc. Archived from the original on 2013-08-01. Retrieved 2008-04-17. Aluka ... "Result set for: Annonaceae Annona cherimola". New World Fruits Database. Retrieved 2008-04-17. [dead link] Natural Resources ... family ANNONACEAE]". African Plants. Ithaka Harbors, Inc. Retrieved 2008-04-17. [permanent dead link] Bioversity International ... Like other members of the family Annonaceae, the seeds contain small amounts of neurotoxic acetogenins, such as annonacin, ...

*Alphonsea philastreana

... with its current name after Finet and Gagnepain and included in the family Annonaceae. No subspecies are listed in the ...

*Liana

Annonaceae Artabotrys spp. Fissistigma spp. Uvaria spp. Apocynaceae Odontadenia spp. Strophanthus - several spp. including S. ...

*Reveal system

Annonaceae order 7. Myristicales family 1. Myristicaceae order 8. Austrobaileyales family 1. Austrobaileyaceae superorder 2. ...

*Polyalthia fragrans

... is a plant in the Annonaceae family. Its leaves have a fragrant smell. It is called Gowrimara in Kannada. ...

*Pavonine quetzal

Annonaceae), and Tetragastris sp. (Burseraceae) in decreasing order of importance. Over the few weeks it took to fledge the ...

*APG III system

J.Presl Annonaceae Juss. Degeneriaceae I.W.Bailey & A.C.Sm. Eupomatiaceae Orb. Himantandraceae Diels Magnoliaceae Juss. ...

*Soursop

It is in the same genus, Annona, as cherimoya and is in the Annonaceae family. The soursop is adapted to areas of high humidity ... "Annona muricata L., Annonaceae". Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry: Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER). 2008-01-05. ... "Plant Name Details Annonaceae Aluguntugui L". International Plant Names Index. International Organization for Plant Information ... Le Ven, J.; Schmitz-Afonso, I.; Touboul, D.; Buisson, D.; Akagah, B.; Cresteil, T.; Lewin, G.; Champy, P. (2011). "Annonaceae ...

*George King (botanist)

A major work was on the Annonaceae of British India. In 1891, he was appointed the first director of the Botanical Survey of ... King, G (1893). "Annonaceae of British India". Annals of the Royal Botanic Garden, Calcutta. 4. Stafleu, Frans A. (1968). " ...

*Miliusa

... is a genus of plant in family Annonaceae. It consists 9 accepted species and 50 unresolved species. The following list ... "Seven new species ofMiliusa(Annonaceae) from Thailand". Nordic Journal of Botany. 31: 680-699. doi:10.1111/j.1756-1051.2012. ... "Constituents from Miliusa balansae (Annonaceae)". Phytochemistry. 61: 991-994. doi:10.1016/S0031-9422(02)00374-6. Huong, DT; ... http://www.asianplant.net/Annonaceae/Miliusa_macropoda.htm http://www.flowersofindia.net/catalog/slides/Hoom.html jstor.org New ...

*Flowering plant

... and Annonaceae are magnoliid dicots; the rest of the families are eudicots. Double fertilization refers to a process in which ... Annonaceae (custard apple family): 2,220; Caryophyllaceae (pink family): 2,200; Orobanchaceae (broomrape family): 2,060; ...
Define Annonaceae. Annonaceae synonyms, Annonaceae pronunciation, Annonaceae translation, English dictionary definition of Annonaceae. Noun 1. Annonaceae - chiefly tropical trees or shrubs custard-apple family, family Annonaceae magnoliid dicot family - family of dicotyledonous flowering...
Tanawat Chaowasku, Paul J.A. Keßler (2013): Phylogeny of Miliusa (Magnoliales: Annonaceae: Malmeoideae: Miliuseae), with descriptions of two new species from Malesia. European Journal of Taxonomy 54: 1-21, DOI: 10.5852/ejt.2013.54
An ethnobotanical survey was carried out in eight villages around Mount Cameroon in the South West Region of Cameroon. It was focused on determining the uses of the members of the family Annonaceae in this region. Show and Tell Semi-structured Interviews employing a checklist of questions and direct observations were used. The results obtained enable the presentation of the rate of utilization of the members of that family in the study area. At least 70% of the 41 species recorded during field trips from the research area were found to be widely used in traditional medicine by local populations. Some 29 diseases were cured using 24 species. The bark and the wood of these species were the most commonly used plant parts. The check list and ethnomedicinal inventory was developed alphabetically by botanical name, followed by local name, part used, ethnomedicinal uses, mode of usage and information on species availability. Plant specimens were collected, identified, preserved, mounted and voucher was ...
ANNONACEAE (Custard Apple Family). About 112 genera, about 2,150 species, tropical and subtropical regions worldwide, with one temperate North American genus.. ...
A convenient, renewable source of the anxiolytic proaporphine alkaloid glaziovine: Duguetia vallicola leaves. . Biblioteca virtual para leer y descargar libros, documentos, trabajos y tesis universitarias en PDF. Material universiario, documentación y tareas realizadas por universitarios en nuestra biblioteca. Para descargar gratis y para leer online.
Acetogeninas son una clase de policétidos, productos naturales encontrados en las plantas de la familia Annonaceae. Se caracterizan por cadenas lineales de 32 o 34 carbonos que contienen grupos funcionales oxigenados incluyendo hidroxilos, cetonas, epóxidos, tetrahidrofuranos y tetrahidropiranos. A menudo terminan con una lactona o butenolida.[1]​ Más de 400 miembros de esta familia de compuestos han sido aislados de 51 especies diferentes de plantas.[2]​ Ejemplos incluidos Annonacina Annoninas Bullatacina Uvaricina Li, N.; Shi, Z.; Tang, Y.; Chen, J.; Li, X. (2008). «Recent Progress on the Total Synthesis of Acetogenins from Annonaceae». Beilstein Journal of Organic Chemistry 4 (48): 1-62. PMC 2633664. PMID 19190742. doi:10.3762/bjoc.4.48. Bermejo, A.; Figadère, B.; Zafra-Polo, M.-C.; Barrachina, I.; Estornell, E.; Cortes, D. (2005). «Acetogenins from Annonaceae: Recent Progress in Isolation, Synthesis and Mechanisms of Action». Natural Product Reports 22 (2): 269-303. PMID ...
Extracts of the pungent leaves are used as an emetic, carminative, purgative and revulsive against pains and rheumatism. The powder of the seeds is used to prepare special pepper food sauces given to lactating mothers. The fruit extract is also used to aid conception and as a vermifuge for round worms. Pergularia daemia of the plant family Asclepiadaceae. The leaves, stem and root barks are used for cough, fever, catarrh and diarrhoea in infants.. African pepper or Black pepper {Xylopia aethiopica} is of the plant family Annonaceae. The stem bark, fruits, seeds and roots are used for stomach aches; dysentery; bronchitis; cancer; ulcers; fever and debility; rheumatism; post-partum management and fertility-enhancing; and vermifuge. Fruit extract or decoction of the bark is drank for the treatment of bronchitis and dysenteric conditions; and also as a medicine for biliousness and febrile pains.. The powdered root is used as a dressing for sores and rubbed onto gums for pyorrhea and in the treatment ...
MP 412 (CAS: 451492-95-8) is a potent dual inhibitor of EGFR and ErbB2(IC50=19 nM) tyrosine kinases, including the mutant EGFR(L858R IC50=0.51 nM, T790M IC50=0.79 nM); inhibits autophosphorylation of EGFR and ErbB2 with IC(50) of 43 and 282 nM, respective
The chemical structures of isolated compounds were established on the basis of spectroscopical data as Infra-red (IR), 1D (1H, 13C, DEPT 135) and 2D-NMR experiments; Heteronuclear Multiple-Quantum Correlation (HMQC), correlation spectroscopy (COSY) and Heteronuclear Multiple Bond Correlation (HMBC) plus Mass Spectroscopy (MS) data. The 13C NMR data were assigned with the help of HMQC and DEPT 135 experiments while, the connectivitys of the molecular fragments were established by HMBC, COSY and NOESY. The analysis of the spectra and structure elucidation was also facilitated by comparison of observed and published 1H and 13C NMR data for the compounds.. Lysicamine (1): yellow needles (10.21 mg), m.p. 209-211°C, 1H NMR (CDCl3, 600 MHz) δ 7.57 (1H, s, H-3), 8.07 (1H, d, J = 5.2 Hz, H-4), 8.77 (1H, d, J = 5.2 Hz, H-5), 8.48 (1H, dd, J = 9.0, 1.8 Hz, H-8), 7.63 (1H, t, J = 9.0, 1.2 Hz, H-9), 7.86 (1H, t, J = 9.0, 1.4 Hz, H-10), 9.26 (1H, dd, J = 9.0, 1.2 Hz, H-11), 4.13 (3H, s, 1-OCH3), 4.06 (3H, ...
La famille des annonacées regroupe des plantes dicotylédones primitives ; constituée de 2500 espèces réparties en une centaine de genres, cest la plus grande famille de lordre des magnoliales. Ce sont des arbres, des arbustes ou des lianes des zones tropicales ou sub-tropicales. Cest la famille de lYlang-ylang (Cananga odorata), certaines espèces produisent des fruits comestibles. ...
Deciduous shrubs or small trees. Twigs rounded, moderate; pith round, white, continuous, with firmer greenish plates at intervals in the second years growth, often brown and chambered in old twigs. T...
Trees, shrubs or rarely woody climbers, often aromatic; indumentum (if present) of simple or stellate hairs or scaly. Leaves alternate, mostly distichous, thin to coriaceous, entire, exstipulate, often with a glaucous sheen. Flowers usually on the young leafy shoots or on the old wood, rarely on underground suckers; terminal or axillary or extra-axillary; bisexual, rarely unisexual, regular; solitary, paired, cymose or fasciculate, sessile or stalked; mosly bracteate and bracteolate. Sepals 2-3, valvate, rarely imbricate, free or ± united, rarely accrescent. Petals 3-6-(-12), often fleshy, usually in two equal or unequal whorls, rarely in one whorl of 6, 4, or 3, valvate or imbricate, rarely open in bud; free or ± united at base, rarely absent. Stamens usually numerous, spirally (often compactly) arranged on the flat, convex or conical receptacle, rarely 6-12 and whorled; sometimes outer stamens petaloid; anther linear to rounded, dehiscence extrorse or lateral, rarely apical or introrse; ...
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2018, Chiang Mai University. All rights reserved. Five selected Thai plant extracts, including Lotus seeds, Black Sesame seeds, White Kwao Krua tubers, rice bran and Asiatic Pennywort leaves were extracted by different solvents (ethyl acetate, ethanol and water). The mixture of the rice bran extract and the White Kwao Krua extract at 1:1 weight ratio, the water and chloroform fractions of the decolorized Asiatic Pennywort extract and the rice bran extract loaded in β-cyclodextrin were prepared. The samples were investigated for 5α-reductase inhibition in DU-145 prostate carcinoma and melanogenesis in B16F10 melanoma cells. The rice bran extract not loaded and loaded in β-cyclodextrin exhibited the high linoleic acid contents of 21.13±1.22 and 21.47±0.91% w/w, respectively. The highest inhibitory effect of 5α-reductase type 1 was observed in 0.5 mg/mL of the rice bran extract at 87.43±7.15% of the control, which was higher than the standard dutasteride of about 1.60 times, followed ...
Five selected Thai plant extracts, including Lotus seeds, Black Sesame seeds, White Kwao Krua tubers, rice bran and Asiatic Pennywort leaves were extracted by different solvents (ethyl acetate, ethanol and water). The mixture of the rice bran extract and the White Kwao Krua extract at 1:1 weight ratio, the water and chloroform fractions of the decolorized Asiatic Pennywort extract and the rice bran extract loaded in b-cyclodextrin were prepared. The samples were investigated for 5a-reductase inhibition in DU-145 prostate carcinoma and melanogenesis in B16F10 melanoma cells. The rice bran extract not loaded and loaded in b-cyclodextrin exhibited the high linoleic acid contents of 21.13±1.22 and 21.47±0.91% w/w, respectively. The highest inhibitory effect of 5a-reductase type 1 was observed in 0.5 mg/mL of the rice bran extract at 87.43±7.15% of the control, which was higher than the standard dutasteride of about 1.60 times, followed respectively by the mixture of the rice bran extract and the ...
Synonyms for androecia in Free Thesaurus. Antonyms for androecia. 1 word related to androecium: gametoecium. What are synonyms for androecia?
Synonyms for androecium in Free Thesaurus. Antonyms for androecium. 1 word related to androecium: gametoecium. What are synonyms for androecium?
Lima, D nis Pires de et al. Transforma es qu micas do (+)-10b,14-diol-allo-aromadendrano, isolado de duguetia glabriuscula r. e. fries (r. e. fries) (annonaceae) e avalia es biol gicas de alguns derivados obtidos. Qu m. Nova, Dez 1997, vol.20, no.6, p.616-620. ISSN 0100- ...
A flower from the early Cenomanian of northeastern Maryland, Cecilanthus polymerus gen. et sp. nov., is described using SEM and synchrotron X-ray microtomography. The flower has ,20 strap-shaped tepals, ca. 50 spatulate stamens with embedded adaxial pollen sacs and possibly H-valvate dehiscence, and ca. 100 more-or-less plicate carpels. Floral phyllotaxis is whorled, with ,10 parts per whorl, but slightly irregular. Pollen and ovules are not preserved, but locule shape suggests that the carpels are uniovulate. Similar characters occur in extant Magnoliales and the basal ANITA grade, but never in combination. In an attempt to resolve these ambiguities, we performed morphological phylogenetic analyses, with the arrangement of extant taxa constrained to trees based primarily on molecular data. With anther dehiscence and ovule number treated as unknown, Cecilanthus has several most-parsimonious positions: nested in Nymphaeales, nested in Magnoliales, sister to Laurales, and sister to Chloranthaceae. ...
Two of the four parameters in the rule of five, molecular weight and log P, which can be detected and predicted by mass spectrometry and compound retention on reversed-phase HPLC, were used as guidelines in natural product isolation. A new aporphine alkaloid, (6aR)-normecambroline (1), was isolated from the bark of Neolitsea dealbata (R. Br.) Merr. Its structure was determined on the basis of NMR, MS and CD analysis. It is the first time the absolute configuration of the roemerine-N-oxide was assigned for both roemerine-N α-oxide (3) and roemerine-Nβ-oxide (4). Physico-chemical property evaluation demonstrated all alkaloids had no Lipinski violation. Compound 1 inhibited selectively against cervical cancer cells (HeLa) with an IC50 of 4.0 μM. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Hi, they look good and thanks for the links. I need to do something similar on my layout to hide the exit so this has given me the incentive to have a go. The bark powder looks to give a good texture - does it need painting or is that just as applied? Ive decided to go for an autumnal look so the trunks will be visible and need various moss and lichen colours applied as well.. ReplyDelete ...
This application is directed to novel fluorinated polymers and prepolymers derived from mono-substituted oxetane monomers having fluorinated alkoxymethylene side-chains and the method of making these compositions. The mono-substituted fluorinated oxetane monomers having fluorinated alkoxymethylene side-chains are prepared in high yield by the reaction of a fluorinated alkoxides with either 3-halomethyl-3-methyloxetane premonomers or aryl sulfonate derivative of 3-hydroxymethyl-3-methyloxetane premonomers. Preparation of a mono-substituted 3-bromomethyl-3-methyloxetane premonomer via a simple, high yield process amenable to commercial scaleup is also disclosed. The fluorinated oxetane monomers of this invention can be readily homo/co-polymerized in the presence of a Lewis acid and polyhydroxy compounds to obtain hydroxy-terminated polyether prepolymers having fluorinated alkoxymethylene side chains. Additionally, the fluorinated oxetane monomers can be copolymerized with non-fluorinated monomers such as
Basionym: Dysosma furfuracea. (S.Y.Bao). Id: 1009288-1 Version: 1.5 View Record history. View this record in TCS-RDF format. ...
Growth Habit: Guavas are evergreen, shallow-rooted shrubs or small trees to 33 ft, with spreading branches. Growth in California is rarely over 10 - 12 feet. The bark is smooth, mottled green or reddish brown and peels off in thin flakes to reveal the attractive "bony" aspect of its trunk. The plant branches close to the ground and often produces suckers from roots near the base of the trunk. Young twigs are quadrangular and downy.. Foliage: Guava leaves leaves are opposite, short-petioled, oval or oblong-elliptic, somewhat irregular in outline, 2 - 6 inches long and 1 - 2 inches wide. The dull-green, stiff but leathery leaves have pronounced veins, and are slightly downy on the underside. Crushed leaves are aromatic.. Flowers: Faintly fragrant, the white flowers, borne singly or in clusters in the leaf axils, are 1 inch wide, with 4 or 5 white petals. These petals are quickly shed, leaving a prominent tuft of perhaps 250 white stamens tipped with pale-yellow anthers.. Guavas are primarily ...
basis of record Thiele, J. (1929-1935). Handbuch der systematischen Weichtierkunde. Jena, Gustav Fischer, 1154 pp. Vol. 1 part 1: 1-376 [between 4 September and 21 October 1929]; Vol. 1 part 2: 377-778 [before 31 October 1931]; Vol. 2 part 3: 779-1022 [before 19 January 1934]; Vol. 2 part 4: i-iv, 1023-1154, i-vi for volume 1 [before 27 March 1935]. Dates from Bieler, R. & Boss, K. J. (1989), Nemouria, 34. [details] ...
A series of new non-fullerene small molecule acceptors (NTIC, NTIC-Me, NTIC-OMe and NTIC-F) based on the acceptor-donor-acceptor (A-D-A) architecture, using hexacyclic naphthalene-(cyclopentadithiophene) as the central unit, were designed and synthesized. The non-fullerene OSC device based on PBDB-T:NTIC sho 2017 Journal of Materials Chemistry A HOT Papers
Sparsentan (RE-021) is a highly potent dual angiotensin II and endothelin A receptor antagonist with Kis of 0.8 and 9.3 nM, respectively ...
Xylopia langsdorfiana A. St.-Hil. &Tul. (Annonaceae) is popularly known in the northeast of Brazil as pimenteira da terra, and an essential oil (XL-OE) was extracted from its leaves. Since Xylopia species are cited in folk medicine and diterpenes from X. langsdorfiana have spasmolytic activity, this study aimed to investigate a possible spasmolytic action of XL-OE on smooth muscle models. XL-OE (243 and 729g/mL) showed low pharmacologic efficacy on guinea pig trachea and rat aorta and uterus. However, in guinea pig ileum, XL-OE (27-729g/mL) inhibited carbachol or histamine-induced phasic contractions (1M) in a significant and concentration-dependent manner. in addition, XL-OE (81g/mL) reduced fluorescence intensity in ileal myocytes stimulated by histamine, indicating a decrease in cytosolic calcium concentration, which could explain the spasmolytic activity. Thus, XL-OE proved to be a promising natural product to be used in gastrointestinal diseases acting by modulating the cytosolic calcium ...
Figure 1. Aporphine and tetrahydroprotoberberine alkaloids isolated from the leaves of Guatteria friesiana (Annonaceae).. Experimental. General. UV spectra were obtained in CH3OH on an Agilent HP 8453 UV-Vis spectrophotometer. IR spectra were acquired in KBr pellets on a BIORAD FTS-3500 GX spectrophotometer. Optical rotations were measured in CHCl3 or MeOH solutions at room temperature on a Rudolph Research Autopol III automatic polarimeter. Circular dichroism analyses were measured in MeOH on a JASCO J-720 spectropolarimeter. 1D and 2D NMR experiments were acquired in CDCl3, CDCl3 + drops of CD3OD, or CD3OD at 293 K on a Bruker AVANCE 400 NMR spectrometer operating at 9.4 T, observing 1H and 13C at 400 and 100 MHz, respectively. The spectrometer was equipped with a 5 mm multinuclear direct detection probe with z-gradient. One-bond (HSQC) and long-range (HMBC) 1H-13C NMR correlation experiments were optimized for average coupling constants 1J(C,H) and LRJ(C,H) of 140 and 8 Hz, respectively. All ...
Annona coriacea Mart. (Annonaceae) is used in Brazilian folk medicine for the treatment of various medical conditions such as stomatitis, neuralgia, headaches, furuncles and ulcers. In the current investigation, we evaluated the antinociceptive and anti-inflammatory effects of the hexane and dichloromethane fractions from A. coriacea employing various standard experimental models. The antinociceptive activity of A. coriacea was studied by acetic acid-induced writhing, formalin and hot-plate tests, and the anti-inflammatory activity of this plant was determined by carrageenan-induced rat paw edema. Inhibitions of the acetic acid-induced abdominal contortions were observed at the doses 10, 50 and 100 mg/kg. These doses also reduced the nociception produced by formalin in the first and second phases. In the hot-plate assay, the reaction time was increased at 30, 60 and 90 min in animals that received 50 or 100 mg/kg. Doses of 50 and 100 mg/kg inhibited carrageenan-induced paw edema in rats. These ...
Fever is a complex physiological response triggered by infectious or aseptic stimuli. The present investigation was carried out to study the antipyretic activity of Polyalthia longifolia extracts in Wistar rats against Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) -induced pyrexia. P. longifolia Benth. & Hook. f. var. Pendula (Annonaceae) is an evergreen tropical tree well known for its numerous medicinal proper-ties. Methanol extracts of the leaves, stem bark and root of the plant were tested for their antipyret-ic activities at doses of 30, 100 and 300 mg kg-1 body weight using LPS-induced antipyretic activity model. All extracts showed significant (p , 0.001) dose-dependent antipyretic activity. At 300 mg kg-1, all extracts exhibited activities higher than that of Acetylsalicyclic acid (Aspirin) whose per-centage inhibition of pyrexia was 86%. The root extract was the most active with a percentage inhi-bition of 127.5%, followed by the leaf extract (123.0%) and the stem bark extract (99.2%). This study proves P. ...
Annona reticulatais a small deciduous or semi-ever green tree in the plant family Annonaceae. It is best known for its fruit, called custard-apple. Plant pacifies vitiated pitta, constipation, burning sensation, anemia, vomiting, cough, malignancy and general tonic. Root decoction is a powerful purgative. Powdered seed kills body and hair lice on external application.
After soaking the Chinese Tree Peonies from Ali Express, some of them started to look promising. As you can see below on the tree peonies with long stems and short roots, after soaking them in water I started to notice some white or light colored nodules on the sides of the tree peony stems. These may turn into growth nodules, from which roots or stems may be generated in the spring. Also I figured out which tree peonies these are supposed to be. The one tree peony with a short stem and long roots is supposed to be the blue tree peony I ordered. The other 5 tree peonies with long stems and short roots were 2 yellow/orange tree peonies and the other 3 were the ones that were supposed to be the Ali Express Chinese Tree Peonies $5.52 for 3!. I had ordered 3 sets of 3 of these peonies. So I should have gotten 9 of those tree peonies, but they only sent 3. So I opened a dispute with Ali Express for that particular order ...
Looking for online definition of fasciculus uncinatus in the Medical Dictionary? fasciculus uncinatus explanation free. What is fasciculus uncinatus? Meaning of fasciculus uncinatus medical term. What does fasciculus uncinatus mean?
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This study aims to investigate the effect of xylopia aethiopica on the sexual behavior of adult male rats. Fort eight adult male wistar rats were used for the study. They were randomly divided into four groups of 6 animals each: group 1 was control, while groups 2, 3 and 4 were test groups treated daily with 0.5, 2 and 10 mg/kg body weight respectively of hydro-methanolic fruit extract of xylopia aethiopice for 30 consecutive days followed by 30 days recovery. Mating test was performed on six animals from each group on days 30 and 60 of the study. Also, 6 animals were sacrificed from each group and blood collected for serum testosterone assay on 31st and 61st days of the study. Results show significant (P|0.05) dose dependent increase in ejaculation latency (EL), and post ejaculatory interval (PEI) with significant decrease (P|0.05) in ejaculation frequency (EF) and in serum testosterone levels in rats in all the test groups. We conclude that xylopia aethiopice enhances copulatory performance without
This epiphytic species of Begonia sect. Tetraphila is specific to lower cloud forest. It was recently revised by J.J.F.E. de Wilde (2002). He cites evidence that the subpopulation on Bioko may have been effected by cultivation of cocoa, coffee and bananas, for which most of the original vegetation below 700 m was cleared, however, this species occurs above that altitude so this threat may not apply. However, degradation of the forest habitat there is suspected since there is good road access (Q. Luke pers. comm. to Cheek 2014). Begonia furfuracea was first collected in Bioko by Mann in 1860, recollected many decades later by Mildbraed and then relatively recently (c. 1960s) by Sanford and Carvalho. The Cameroonian subpopulation first came to light in the 1970s at Kondo, 40 km northwest of Bamenda (Letouzey 14186) an area where most forest has now been extirpated. The species probably now has its stronghold at Kupe-Bakossi. De Wilde cites three collections from the area (de Wilde 2002: 89). To ...
Leaves simple, alternate, distichous; petiole 0.6-1.3 cm long, stout, canaliculate; lamina 8-16.5 x 3.8-6 cm, elliptic to oblong sometimes nearly narrow oblong, apex acuminate with blunt tip (acumen 0.5-0.8 cm long), base acute, margin entire, glabrous; secondary_nerves 8-12 pairs, very slender, sometimes invisible towards margin; tertiary_nerves obscure ...
Polyalthia yingjiangensis sp. nov. is described from the China/Myanmar border. It is distinct in having outer petals that are much shorter than the inner petals and having a very long pedicel. It is most similar to P. miliusoides I.M. Turner, but differs in having perianth parts that are glabrous adaxially and pubescent abaxially, thicker and sparsely pubescent pedicels, as well as verrucose and darker monocarps.. ...
Annona muricata, called soursop due to the sweet and sour flavor of the large fruit, is a lowland tropical fruit-bearing tree in the Annonaceae family
1. Plant name. Local name : Nongko sabrang (Java). 2. Plant classification. Family : Annonaceae. 3. Plant description. Sirsak (Soursop) is a plant that approximately 8 metres height. Woody brown stems, rounded and branched. The leaves are like eggor lancet-shaped, pointed tip, flat edge,base tapered, pinnate frame,branch lengthof 5 mm, yellowish green. Flowers liein the stems or branches,small leaves petal, withish yellow, many stamens haired. The fruit is not true fruit. The real fruit is the aggregate of many fruits with single seed and lose mutually coincident boundaries between pieces. The fruitflesh of Soursop is white and have black seeds. The rootsare brown, round, and taproot (Syamsuhidayat dan Hutapea, 1991).. 4. Habitat and Distribution. Widely spreaded in Indonesia. 5. Chemical constituents and pharmacology effect. Soursop leaves contain acetogenin compound, essential oil, reticuline, loreximine, coclaurine, annomurine,higenamine. Soursop fruits contain a lot of carbohydrate, ...
Annonaceous acetogenins are waxy substances consisting of C32 or C34 long chain fatty acids which have been combined with a propan-2-ol unit at C-2 to form a gama-lactone. They are only found in several genera of the plant family, Annonaceae. Their d ...
Magnolias floral shoot, with its uniquely rich and diverse phyllotaxis, has been modeled with application of a special program based on geometric model of phyllotaxis. First survey of phyllotactic diversity obtained in the library of 1200 computer simulations proved that, besides the most common main Fibonacci, also other patterns, frequently encountered in nature, such as Lucas and bijugy, are readily formed. This is a part of extensive studies aimed to elucidate the mechanism of phyllotactic fingerprint - the species or genet specific pattern of phyllotactic diversity, first in magnolia flowers and then in other plant structures and taxa ...
A gravioleira (Annona muricata L.) é uma árvore da família Annonaceae largamente distribuída em todas as regiões tropicais do mundo, produz fruto conhecido como graviola e suas folhas são usadas na medicina tradicional como fitoterápicos. Alguns compostos presentes na A. muricata já foram relacionados com as atividades antioxidante, anti-inflamatória e antimicrobiana dessa planta. Esse trabalho teve por objetivos avaliar as atividades antioxidante, anti-inflamatória e antibacteriana dos extratos hexânico (EH) e etanólico (EE) das folhas de gravioleira. Para tanto, foram utilizadas folhas de gravioleira para o preparo dos extratos utilizados em análises da composição fitoquímica, da capacidade antioxidante total, ensaios de edema de orelha in vivo e da atividade antibacteriana in vitro. Para a análise da atividade antioxidante dos extratos hexânico e etanólico foram determinados os polifenóis totais, flavonoides amarelos e antocianinas totais e a capacidade antioxidante total ...
Pure compound screening has identified the dioxothiazino-quinoline-quinone ascidian metabolite ascidiathiazone A (2) to be a moderate growth inhibitor of Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense (IC50 3.1 μM) and Plasmodium falciparum (K1 dual drug resistant strain) (IC50 3.3 μM) while exhibiting low levels of cytotoxicity (L6, IC50 167 μM). A series of C-7 amide and Δ2(3) analogues were prepared that explored the influence of lipophilicity and oxidation state on observed anti-protozoal activity and selectivity. Little variation in anti-malarial potency was observed (IC50 0.62-6.5 μM), and no correlation was apparent between anti-malarial and anti-T. brucei activity. Phenethylamide 7e and Δ2(3)-glycine analogue 8k exhibited similar anti-Pf activity to 2 but with slightly enhanced selectivity (SI 72 and 93, respectively), while Δ2(3)-phenethylamide 8e (IC50 0.67 μM, SI 78) exhibited improved potency and selectivity towards T. brucei rhodesiense compared to the natural product hit. A second series of
Plants have been used as a source of new medicinal compounds throughout history and continue to serve as the basis for many of the pharmaceuticals used today [1]. Standard experimental scientific methods are useful for the validation of ethnopharmacological knowledge regarding herbal medicine.. Annona dioica St. Hill. (Annonaceae) is a shrub found in Brazil throughout the states of São Paulo, Minas Gerais, Paraná and Mato Grosso. It is commonly referred to as "ceraticum", "arixicum" and "ariticum". In Brazil, the fruits and leaves of this plant are used to treat rheumatism, and the seeds are used to treat diarrhoea [2]. In Paraguay, the leaves are used to make tea or are gargled as an anti-catarrhal, while the edible fruits possess sedative properties. The seeds are used as insecticides or in the treatment of parasitic infections of the skin [3]. Chemical studies of the wood of A. dioica resulted in the isolation and characterisation of six alkaloids [4], while analysis of the leaves ...
The Amazonian floodplains harbor highly diverse wetland forests, with angiosperms adapted to survive extreme floods and droughts. About 14% of the Amazon Basin is covered by floodplains, which are fundamental to river productivity, biogeochemical cycling and trophic flow, and have been subject to human occupation since Pre-Colombian times. The botanical knowledge about these forests is still incomplete, and current forest degradation rates are much higher than the rate of new botanical surveys. Herein we report the results of three years of botanical surveys in floodplain forests of the Central Amazon. This checklist contains 432 tree species comprising 193 genera and 57 families. The most represented families are Fabaceae, Myrtaceae, Lauraceae, Sapotaceae, Annonaceae, and Moraceae representing 53% of the identified species. This checklist also documents the occurrence of approximately 236 species that have been rarely recorded as occurring in white-water floodplain forests.
Read about the exotic fruit called sugar Apple (Hanun scaly) or on the Thai - Noi Na. How to eat, useful properties and calorie content. Also the damage from overeating noinah.. Custard Apple or "Sugar Apple" (lat. apopa squamosa) is a deciduous fruit tree of the family Andonova (Annonaceae). Thai name - Noi Na (noinah). In India it is called sharifa, in China - fan-li-chi, ati in Brazil. In Russia the fruit is known as "the hand of the flake" (from lat. name of the species) or creamy apples.. The exact origin of this plant is unknown. Presumably, like many of appease, noina was born in South America. And today the sugar Apple is widely cultivated in South and Central America, the Caribbean Islands, in Thailand. In India sugar Apple brought the Portuguese in the late 16th century. At that time it was already grown in Indonesia and widely distributed in southern China, Polynesia, Australia, Tropical Africa, the lowlands of Palestine, in Egypt and in the Hawaiian Islands. In addition, this fruit ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Insights into the molecular interaction between two polyoxygenated cinnamoylcoumarin derivatives and human serum albumin. AU - Khammari, Anahita. AU - Saboury, Ali Akbar. AU - Karimi-Jafari, Mohammad Hossein. AU - Khoobi, Mehdi. AU - Ghasemi, Atiyeh. AU - Yousefinejad, Saeed. AU - Abou-Zied, Osama K.. PY - 2017. Y1 - 2017. N2 - Ligand binding studies on human serum albumin (HSA) are crucial in determining the pharmacological properties of drug candidates. Here, two representatives of coumarin-chalcone hybrids were selected and their binding mechanism was identified via thermodynamics techniques, curve resolution analysis and computational methods at molecular levels. The binding parameters were derived using spectroscopic approaches and the results point to only one pocket located near the Trp214 residue in subdomain IIA of HSA. The protein tertiary structure was altered during ligand binding and formed an intermediate structure to create stronger ligand binding interactions. The ...
Ylang ylang essential oil lowers blood pressure, fights depression, increases libido, cures infection in internal organs, strengthens nervous system, and prevents sepsis.
Hoard, M. S., Elakovich, S. D. (1996). Grinding-Induced Polymorphism in the Aporphine Alkaloid Magnoflorine. Phytochemistry, 43(5), 1129-1133 ...
Ranunculus uncinatus, a dicot, is an annual or perennial herb that is native to California and is also found elsewhere in North America and beyond. ...
1E26: Ligand-Induced Conformational Changes in the Crystal Structures of Pneumocystis Carinii Dihydrofolate Reductase Complexes with Folate and Nadp+
FEN, WONG WON (2015) (6E, 10E) Isopolycerasoidol and (6E, 10E) Isopolycerasoidol Methyl Ester, Prenylated Benzopyran Derivatives from Pseuduvaria monticola Induce Mitochondrial-Mediated Apoptosis in Human Breast Adenocarcinoma Cells. Plos One, 10. FEN, WONG WON (2015) EEG is sensitive in early diagnosis of anti NMDAR encephalitis and useful in monitoring disease progress. Neurology Asia, 20. FEN, WONG WON (2015) Genome-Wide Transcription Study of Cryptococcus neoformans H99 Clinical Strain versus Environmental Strains. Plos One, 10. FEN, WONG WON (2015) In Vitro and In Vivo Toxicity Profiling of Ammonium-Based Deep Eutectic Solvents. Plos One, 10. FEN, WONG WON (2015) Preparation of graphene oxide/dendrimer hybrid carriers for delivery of doxorubicin. Chemical Engineering Journal, 281. FEN, WONG WON (2015) Prevalence, antimicrobial susceptibility and virulotyping of Listeria species and Listeria monocytogenes isolated from open-air fish markets. Bmc Microbiology, 15. FEN, WONG WON (2015) ...
FAH, YAP LEE (2015) (6E,10E) Isopolycerasoidol and (6E,10E) Isopolycerasoidol methyl ester, prenylated benzopyran derivatives from Pseuduvaria monticola induce mitochondrial-mediated apoptosis in human breast adenocarcinoma cells. PLoS One, 10. FAH, YAP LEE (2015) Identification of four-jointed box 1 (FJX1)-specific peptides for immunotherapy of nasopharyngeal carcinoma. Plos One. FAH, YAP LEE (2015) The identification of novel Mycobacterium tuberculosis DHFR inhibitors and the investigation of their binding preferences by using molecular modelling. Scientific Reports, 5. p. 15328. FAH, YAP LEE (2015) The antineoplastic properties of FTY720: Evidence for the repurposing of fingolimod. Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine. FAH, YAP LEE (2015) The opposing roles of NOTCH signalling in head and neck cancer: a mini review. Oral Diseases. FAH, YAP LEE (2014) Epstein-Barr Virus, the germinal centre and the development of Hodgkins Lymphoma. Journal of General Virology. FAH, YAP LEE (2014) HLA-A ...
I just bought another bottle of Quorum because my first bottle is only 80% full, and you never know when the next Apocolypse will occur. I was curious to see if it contains actual oakmoss. Below is the complete list of ingredients, in order, from the box. I looked up Evernia prunastri and it is real oakmoss extract, and Evernia furfuracea is real treemoss extract. It also contains coumarin, which lends a citrus/orangey note, and eugenol which is spicy like cloves. The citronellol and
Xylopic acid was isolated from the dried fruits of Xylopia aethiopica, crystalized and characterized. The isolate was used to synthesize five novel derivatives of xylopic acid and these have been sufficiently characterized. The structure of derivatives was related to the observed trend in terms of antimicrobial activity. Base catalyzed ester formation was employed in the synthesis of the esters while direct coupling with HBTU was employed in the synthesis of the amide derivative. Deacetylation of xylopic acid was achieved by refluxing xylopic acid with 10% methanolic KOH. The structures of the derivatives were confirmed using 1H NMR, mass spectrometry and IR spectroscopy. The broth dilution method was employed in the antimicrobial assay. All the synthesized derivatives were more active than xylopic acid against the microorganisms tested (Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pyrogenes, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Candida albicans). The ester derivatives were most active with MICs ...
Opposition lawmakers have lambasted moves by the new constituent assembly to oust the legislature. But the assemblys president said theyre moving into the legislative palace by complying with laws of the republic.
Aporphines are a group of tetracyclic alkaloids that belong to the ubiquitous tetrahydroisoquinoline family. The aporphine template is known to be associated with a range of biological activities. Aporphines have been explored as antioxidants, anti-tuberculosis, antimicrobial and anticancer agents. Within the Central Nervous Systems (CNS), aporphine alkaloids are known to possess high affinity for several clinically valuable targets including dopamine receptors (predominantly D1 and D2), serotonin receptors (5-HT1A and 5-HT7) and α adrenergic receptors. Aporphines are also inhibitors of the acetylcholinesterase enzyme - a clinical target for the treatment of Alzheimers disease. Considering the diverse profile of aporphine alkaloids at CNS receptors they can be considered as
Camptothecin, an extract of the Chinese tree Camptotheca acuminata, is a potent inhibitor of topoisomerase I, a molecule required for DNA synthesis. Camptothecin has been shown to induce apoptosis in a dose-dependent manner in vitro. Camptothecin is routinely used as a general method for inducing apoptosis.. ...
We have built a new isonucleoside derivative on a 2,6-dioxobicyclo[3.2.0]heptane skeleton as a potential anti-HIV agent. To synthesize the target compound, an acetal-protected dihydroxyacetone was first converted to a 2,3-epoxy-tetrahydrofuran derivative. Introduction of an azide group, followed by the formation of an oxetane ring, gave a pseudosugar derivative with a 2,6-dioxobicyclo[3.2.0]heptane skeleton. The desired isonucleoside was obtained by constructing a purine base moiety on the scaffold, followed by amination.
We report a case of primary sarcoma of the skin with a biphasic histological pattern, being composed of areas of mixed mesenchymal-epithelial cell proliferation and areas of purely sarcomatous growth. The tumor occurred in the posterior cervical region of a 93-year-old man, and its history was marked by sudden, rapid enlargement after many years of stable duration. The excised lesion was about 4 cm in diameter, had a firm consistency and was covered by intact skin. Histological examination showed a multifocal proliferation of follicular germinative cells arranged in corymbiform and petaloid shapes with an overall retiform growth pattern. Epithelial cords and strands were composed of cytologically uniform cells with bland nuclear features and were surrounded by a prominent, fibroblast-rich stroma reminiscent of a perifollicular sheath. In many areas of the tumor the stroma showed abrupt transition into a pleomorphic proliferation of large sarcomatous cells with frequent and often atypical ...
1.The upper part of thalamus may be disc shaped, cup-shaped or flask-shaped. 2.Calyx, corolla and androecium arise from around the ovary and not beneath it. 3.Ovary is half-superior/half-inferior. 4.The ovary is placed at the bottom of cup or flask-shaped thalamus. Ovary wall is not fused with the thalamus. 5.Calyx, corolla and androecium often develop from …. Read more ...
Resorcyclic acid lactones (RALs) are natural products, with some having been shown to be potent inhibitors of several protein kinases and mammalian cell proliferation and tumour growth in animals. LL-Z1640-2 (also known as 5Z-7-oxo-zeanol or C292) is a cis-enone RAL, isolated in 1978 from fungal broth and classified as an anti-protozoal agent. Later, in 1999, its cytokine releasing inhibiting activity was discovered, with subsequent data showing it could selectively and irreversibly inhibit transforming growth factor activating kinase-1 (TAK1) activity at low concentrations. It is also reported as having significant activity versus tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) production in cells. This thesis documents and describes the work undertaken towards a total synthesis of the 14-membered macrocycle, LL-Z1640-2. The presence of two internal bonds and three stereogenic centres poses a challenge synthetically, but this has been effectively overcome with the development of a flexible, economic and ...
JungleSeeds provides tropical seeds, exotic seeds and exotic vegetable seed by mail order. An unusual selection of tropical, semi hardy and hardy varieties to wet your appetite.
BEZ235 (NVP-BEZ235) is a potent dual PI3K and mTOR inhibitor of p110α, p110γ, p110δ and p110β with IC50 of 4 nM, 5 nM, 7 nM and 75 nM, respectively. Buy PI3K inhibitor BEZ235 (NVP-BEZ235, Dactolisib) from AbMole BioScience.
A series of novel C33-C35 hexacyclic benzohopanes (C33b-C35b) were identified in 39 samples of coal extracts and 39 crude oils of different ages from all over the world. C33b and C34b homologues were isolated, and their structures were determined by nuclear magnetic resonance. The structure of C35b benzohopane was proposed based on the mass spectrum and its similarity with the mass spectra of structurally defined C33b and C34b homologues. The structures of the C33b-C35b hexacyclic benzohopanes are closely related to isohopanes; both groups are typical for terrestrial organic matter and can be useful in the correlation analysis. A possible pathway of formation of these novel benzohopanes and their hopanoid precursors with an additional branch in the aliphatic side chain is proposed. C33b-C35b hexacyclic benzohopanes are stable up to the maturity level corresponding to random vitrinite reflectance (Rr) of ∼0.80%, which was demonstrated by analyzing the samples of different maturity and by the ...
A series of novel C33-C35 hexacyclic benzohopanes (C33b-C35b) were identified in 39 samples of coal extracts and 39 crude oils of different ages from all over the world. C33b and C34b homologues were isolated, and their structures were determined by nuclear magnetic resonance. The structure of C35b benzohopane was proposed based on the mass spectrum and its similarity with the mass spectra of structurally defined C33b and C34b homologues. The structures of the C33b-C35b hexacyclic benzohopanes are closely related to isohopanes; both groups are typical for terrestrial organic matter and can be useful in the correlation analysis. A possible pathway of formation of these novel benzohopanes and their hopanoid precursors with an additional branch in the aliphatic side chain is proposed. C33b-C35b hexacyclic benzohopanes are stable up to the maturity level corresponding to random vitrinite reflectance (Rr) of ∼0.80%, which was demonstrated by analyzing the samples of different maturity and by the ...
Hosagoudar, V. B., G. Rajkumar, C. K. Biju & T. K. Abraham. Amazonia goniothalami sp. nov. and some additional records of fungi on Goniothalamus wightii from India. Mycotaxon 77: 431-433. 2001.. ABSTRACT: An endemic plant, Goniothalamus wightii, was infected with four fungi. Of these, Amazonia gonioithalami was found to be an undescribed species; Trichasterina goniothalami is reported here in a new locality. Spiropes dorycarpus and S. guareicola are hyperparasites on these two fungi.. KEYWORDS: Amazonia, Trichasterina, Hyperparasites. NOMENCLATURAL NOVELTIES ...
The history wall, which charts milestones in the life of the Royal Free, was opened by James Sandwith who brought along the key for the building in Grays Inn Road which was the Royal Frees original home.. The Royal Free has always provided healthcare free of charge and so is a precursor to the NHS, founded 120 years later.. Dominic Dodd, the chairman of the trust, said: "Its fair to say that Marsden would be amazed at the breadth and scale of services offered by the Royal Free today. The original hospital treated 900 patients a year - we are likely to treat more than 1.5million this year.. "What he would recognise, though - which you can read more about in this display - is the pioneering spirit shown by many Royal Free clinicians in their efforts to do the best for their patients, whether through research, clinical care or the teaching of the clinicians of tomorrow." The history wall, which was funded by the Royal Free Charity, is located on the ground floor of the Royal Free Hospital and ...
Annona squamosa L., commonly known as sugar-apple (or sweetsop or custard-apple), is a popular fruit throughout the tropics, mainly southern Mexico, Antilles, Central and South America, tropical Africa, Australia, India, Indonesia, Polynesia and US (Hawaii and Florida) [1]. It is native to the tropical America and West Indies. In India, it was introduced by the Spanish and Portuguese in the 16th century [1,2]. It is known by several names in India: ata, aarticum, shareefa, sitaphal, seethaphal or seetha pazham, aathachakka and atna kothal etc. [1]. Annona sp. belongs to family Annonaceae which is the largest living family among magnoliids (primitive angiosperms). The genus Annona contains about 166 species [3], out of which six produce edible fruits; A. squamosa, A. reticulata, A. cherimola, A. muricata, A. atemoya and A. diversifolia [4]. A. squamosa is the most widely cultivated species [5]. The flower of A. squamosa comprises of a gynoecium of several loosely cohering carpels, surrounded by ...
Bullatacina es un bis ( tetrahidrofurano ) de ácidos grasos lactona que se encuentra en algunas frutas de la familia Annonaceae. Es un miembro de la clase de compuestos conocidos como acetogeninas.[2]​[3]​[4]​ Número CAS H. Naito; E. Kawahara; K. Maruta; M. Maeda; S. Sasaki (1995). «The First Total Synthesis of (+)-Bullatacin, a Potent Antitumor Annonaceous Acetogenin, and (+)-(15,24)-bis-epi-Bullatacin». Journal of Organic Chemistry 60 (14): 4419-4427. doi:10.1021/jo00119a019. H.-W. Chih; H.-F. Chiu; K.-S. Tang; F.-R. Chang; Y.-C. Wu (2001). «Bullatacin, a potent antitumor annonaceous acetogenin, inhibits proliferation of human hepatocarcinoma cell line 2.2.15 by apoptosis induction». Life Sciences 69 (11): 1321-1331. PMID 11521756. doi:10.1016/S0024-3205(01)01209-7. Y.-H. Hui; J. K. Rupprecht; Y. M. Liu; J. E. Anderson; D. L. Smith; C.-J. Chang; J. L. McLaughlin (1989). «Bullatacin and Bullatacinone: Two Highly Potent Bioactive Acetogenins from Annona bullata». Journal of Natural ...
angelica sinensis diels & angelica sinensis diels online Wholesalers - choose angelica sinensis diels from 198 list of China angelica sinensis diels Manufacturers.
The ylang-ylang (pronounced ee-lang ee-lang) is a large tree of the primative Annonaceae family. Its long yellow petals on the flowers are very aromatic and have thus been used as an ingreedent in perfumes and aromatherapy. The scent has been reportedly used medicinally to help in anxiety, depression, frigidity, hypertension, palpitations and stress.. ...
Asimina triloba, conhecida pelo nome comum de papaw, é uma pequena árvore decídua, nativa do sueste da América do Norte, que produz grandes frutos comestíveis de coloração verde-amarelada ou acastanhada na maturação. O género Asimina à família Annonaceae, a mesma da anona, da graviola e de outros frutos cultivados comercialmente. Merriam-Websters Collegiate Dictionary (2009), as its main entry. Chamberlain, Alexander F. (1 de dezembro de 1902). «Algonkian Words in American English: A Study in the Contact of the White Man and the Indian.». American Folklore Society. The Journal of American Folklore. 15 (59): 240-267. ISSN 0021-8715. JSTOR 533199. doi:10.2307/533199 Werthner, William B. (1935). Some American Trees: An intimate study of native Ohio trees. New York: The Macmillan Company. pp. xviii + 398 pp. Sargent, Charles Sprague (1933). Manual of the trees of North America (exclusive of Mexico). Boston and New York: Houghton Mifflin Company: The Riverside Press Cambridge. pp. xxvi ...
Anti-malarial drug resistance threatens to undermine efforts to eliminate this deadly disease. The resulting omnipresent requirement for drugs with novel modes of action prompted a national consortium initiative to discover new anti-plasmodial agents from South African medicinal plants. One of the plants selected for investigation was Dicoma anomala subsp. gerrardii, based on its ethnomedicinal profile ...
Families of Diels Alder adducts and of metal complexes of Diels Alder adducts, which are useful as particularly active compounds for use in photodynamic therapy, are disclosed. The Diels Alder adducts and a preferred family of metal complexes have the structures of Formulas 1, 2, 3 and 4, below: ##STR1## where R1, R2, R3 and R4 can be the same or different, and each is methyl, ethyl or an amino acid moiety which is a part of an amide produced by reaction between an amine function of a naturally occurring amino acid and a carbonyl function of the adduct, R5, R6 and R7 can be the same or different, and each is ethyl or an amino acid moiety which is a part of an amide produced by reaction between an amine function of a naturally occurring amino acid and a carbonyl function of the adduct, M comprises metal cation.
Get information, facts, and pictures about Otto Paul Hermann Diels at Encyclopedia.com. Make research projects and school reports about Otto Paul Hermann Diels easy with credible articles from our FREE, online encyclopedia and dictionary.
See the Glog! Sexual Reproduction: androecium, botany, Én, én, en, fertilisation, flower, germination, ginoecium, plants | Glogster EDU - Interactive multimedia posters
TY - JOUR. T1 - Fragrant and sticky allergens from the pinewood. T2 - cohabiting and coreacting. AU - Paulsen, Evy. AU - Andersen, Flemming. N1 - This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.. PY - 2019/11. Y1 - 2019/11. N2 - Background: Tree moss (Pseudevernia furfuracea [L.] Zopf.), a lichen growing on conifers, is a frequent fragrance sensitizer. Previous studies have shown two subgroups of tree moss-allergic patients: a group sensitized to common allergens of tree and oak moss (Evernia prunastri), and another group sensitized to colophonium-derived allergens, which may contaminate tree moss extract. Objectives: To report the results of including tree moss extract in the baseline series and discuss the clinical implications. Methods: Tree moss extract was included in the baseline series and sensitized patients were assessed for concomitant allergy to colophonium and oak moss, and the relevance of these reactions was analyzed. Results: Altogether, 22 of 632 patients (3.5%) had ...
Graviola is a substance that comes from a tree in the rain forests of Africa, South America, and Southeast Asia. Its scientific name is Annona muricata. It is also known as cherimoya, guanabana, soursop, custard apple, and brazilian paw paw. In many countries, people use the bark, leaves, root, and fruits of this tree for traditional remedies. The active ingredient is thought to be a type of plant compound (phytochemical) called annonaceous acetogenins.People in African and South American countries have used graviola to treat infections with viruses or parasites, rheumatism, arthritis, depression, and sickness. We know from research that some graviola extracts can help to treat these conditions. In laboratory studies, graviola extracts can kill some types of liver and breast cancer cells that are resistant to particular chemotherapy drugs. But there havent been any large scale studies in humans. So we dont know yet whether it can work as a cancer treatment or not. Overall, there is no evidence ...
Giant Thailand Guava Seeds - 10 Seed Count. You are purchasing a package of 10 seeds for Giant Thailand Guava.. The Guava is well known throughout the tropics, many people are familiar with it because of the large number of products made from this aromatic fruit ...
Garcinia: Genus in the family Clusiaceae, with 240 species of trees and shrubs found throughout the tropics, but especially in the Paleotropics.. The best known of these species is a tropical...
Find a Ramon Zenker & Harada - Xylopia first pressing or reissue. Complete your Ramon Zenker & Harada collection. Shop Vinyl and CDs.
Sigma-Aldrich offers abstracts and full-text articles by [Shuiying Zhang, Qian Zhang, Qiang Guo, Yunfang Zhao, Xiaoli Gao, Xingyun Chai, Pengfei Tu].
Dr. Cyriel Diels has a background in Psychology and Human Factors. Following his degree in experimental psychology at Utrecht University, his doctoral studies investigated self-motion perception and negative side effects associated with simulated and virtual environments at Loughborough University. Since then, he has worked in the field of driver behaviour and performance at the Transport Research Laboratory for a range of clients including Department for Transport, Highways Agency, European Commission, and various commercial organisations. Since 2009, he has been acting as the UK representative and chair of the national shadow committee of ISO Working Group 8 on in-vehicle Human Machine Interfaces. Following on from this he joined Jaguar Land Rover where he worked as a Human Factors specialist within advanced product development and research. In 2012, he started his current position as senior lecturer in Human Factors at the Industrial Design department with a particular focus on automotive and ...
1) CVMAs Constitution and Bylaws allow for the formation of new geographic or non-geographic constituent VMAs.. 2) Forming a New Constituent Association. a) Twenty-five CVMA members required to form a new constituent association.. i) Petition CVMA Board of Governors in writing of intent to form new constituent association.. ii) Twenty-five CVMA member signatures on letter(s) indicating desire to form new association.. 3) Twenty CVMA members required to continue a constituent association.. 4) House of Delegates Representation. a) One Delegate and One Alternate Delegate for 150 CVMA members. (1) Weighted Vote - One Vote per 15 CVMA members. b) Two Year Terms - Three Term Maximum. 5) A CVMA member may join multiple constituent VMAs, but representation to the House of Delegates must be assigned to only one of these groups. Generally, a specific members vote is assigned to the local, geographic association representing the members address as listed in our database.. a) CVMA members belonging to ...
However, Churchward may have the last laugh yet. There was a large land mass in the Pacific that was submerged during prehistoric times: Sundaland, the continental shelf around Indonesia, which was exposed during the ice ages. It was most certainly the route that humans used to get to Australia, as only a few kilometers of water separated Sundaland from Australia at that time. Although it was submerged slowly as the result of rising sea levels at the end of the ice age, the region has some of the most violent volcanoes on Earth (such as the famous Krakatoa). A documented eruption in that region about 60,000 [70000]years ago may have decimated the human race, producing a population bottleneck during which our species was reduced to a few hundred individuals; this has emerged from mitochondrial DNA studies. Some have hypothesized that Sundaland may have been home to an early lost civilization, perhaps the home of the mysterious voyagers who charted the anomalous ice-age maps which the early ...
Among the approximately 130 species ofHibbertia found in Australia, there are tall shrubs, low or trailing shrubs and vines bearing a diversity of leaves as to shape and venation pattern. Flowers are solitary, in leafy cymes or in false spikes, and display various gradual and abrupt transitions from vegetative to reproductive appendages. In the androecium, stamen number is highly variable both between and within species. Some sections have radial symmetry, others bilateral symmetry of the androecium and gynoecium. Follicle number varies from 10 to 1. Basic chromosome numbers of n = 4, 5, 8, 9, 10, 12 and 13 have been found in various sections, and occasional higher numbers, up to n = 64, indicate the presence of polyploidy. Habitats vary from tropical savanna through rain forest margins, wet and dry sclerophyll forests, heaths, sphagnum swamps, and mallee scrub to desert margins. The principal center of diversity is southwestern Australia, less diverse centers are in southeastern and northern ...
Unlike cysticercosis, another item of Latin American import, Chagas is not combated with basic hygienic practices. The former is brought into the US by immigrants from communities that allow pigs to eat human feces. The population then eats the swine, contracts the infectious tapeworm, and transmits it through contact with food (the spreading of which can largely be prevented by regular hand-washing and laundering of clothes). Filthy as the transmission of cysticercosis is, Chagas is worse because its not as easily preventable, and even the strongest anti-protozoal drugs rarely eliminate the parasite completely ...
2. Asimina Adanson, Fam. Pl. 2: 365. 1763. Pawpaw [American Indian assimin through French asiminier ] Orchidocarpum Michaux; Pityothamnus Small; Porcelia Persoon 1807, not Ruiz & Pavón 1794; Uvaria Torrey & A. Gray. Shrubs or small trees , taprooted; trunks straight in arborescent forms. Bark thin, cracking longitudinally (shallowly furrowed in larger trees of Asimina triloba ). Shoots: secondary branching sparse to copious, 2-ranked; primary shoots of shrubs usually several, erect to arching or decumbent; lenticels scattered, small, prominent; buds naked. Leaves deciduous. Leaf blade membranous or leathery, glabrous to variously hairy. Inflorescences axillary, on new shoots or from above leaf scars of previous seasons, fascicles; peduncle bracteate or bracteolate. Flowers 1-4 per leaf axil, nodding to nearly erect, becoming enlarged; receptacle convex to ±globose or elongate, elevated; sepals deciduous, 3(-4), nearly distinct, triangular to deltate-ovate, valvate in bud; petals in 2 unequal ...
Close The Infona portal uses cookies, i.e. strings of text saved by a browser on the users device. The portal can access those files and use them to remember the users data, such as their chosen settings (screen view, interface language, etc.), or their login data. By using the Infona portal the user accepts automatic saving and using this information for portal operation purposes. More information on the subject can be found in the Privacy Policy and Terms of Service. By closing this window the user confirms that they have read the information on cookie usage, and they accept the privacy policy and the way cookies are used by the portal. You can change the cookie settings in your browser. ...
Dragana Dabić, Maja Natić, Zdravko Džambaski, Milovan Stojanović, Rade Marković, Dušanka Milojković-Opsenica, and Živoslav Tešić, Estimation of lipophilicity of N-substituted 2-alkylidene-4-oxothiazolidines by means of reversed-phase thin-layer chromatography, J. Liq. Chromatogr. Relat. Technol., 34 (2011) 791-804. T. Tosti, M. Natić, A. Smoliński, D. Milić, D. Milojković-Opsenica and Ž. Tešić, Study of retention of 31 polyoxygenated steroids by normal- and reversed-phase thin-layer chromatography, Acta Chromatographica, (2011), 23(3), 429-445. ...
Cananga odorata, known as the cananga tree (Indonesian: kenanga, Filipino: ilang-ilang), is a tropical tree that originates in Indonesia, which in the early 19th century spread to Malaysia and the Philippines. It is valued for the perfume extracted from its flowers, called ylang-ylang /ˈiːlæŋ ˈiːlæŋ/ EE-lang-EE-lang (a name also sometimes used for the tree itself), which is an essential oil used in aromatherapy. The tree is also called the fragrant cananga, Macassar-oil plant, or perfume tree. Its traditional Polynesian names include Mataoi (Cook Islands), Mohokoi (Tonga), Mosooi (Samoa), Motooi (Hawaii), and Mokosoi, Mokasoi or Mokohoi (Fiji). The ylang-ylang vine (Artabotrys odoratissimus) and climbing ylang-ylang (Artabotrys hexapetalus) are woody, evergreen climbing plants in the same family. Artabotrys odoratissimus is also a source of perfume. The name ylang-ylang is derived from the Tagalog term ilang-ilang for the tree that is a reduplicative form of the word ilang, meaning ...
There are few diseases of chestnut trees in North America. However, the one disease chestnut trees have, chestnut blight, is still thought of as one of the worst tree diseases in history.. Chestnut blight has killed more chestnut trees around the world than any other forest disease. The fungus that causes chestnut blight can be traced from China and Japan where it did not cause much disease when compared to North America and Europe where it killed several billion trees. More recently it was found in Australian chestnut orchards and they destroyed several orchards and thousands of trees to hopefully eradicate this disease.. Chestnut blight has the deserved reputation of being impossible to manage when growing chestnut blight-susceptible trees, such as American chestnut. The only species with resistance to the blight fungus are Chinese and Japanese chestnut trees. In Michigan, we primarily grow Chinese trees or European X Japanese hybrid cultivars. While the Chinese trees are chestnut ...
herbs, shrubs and trees: includes families Ranunculaceae; Annonaceae; Berberidaceae; Magnoliaceae; Menispermaceae; Myristicaceae; Nymphaeaceae; Lardizabalaceae; Lauraceae; Calycanthaceae; Ceratophyllaceae; Cercidiphyllaceae ...
Esta é uma lista de plantas silvestres nativas da vegetação do Cerrado brasileiro. Veja também: Lista de plantas silvestres da Amazônia Lista de plantas da Caatinga Lista de plantas da Mata Atlântica Lista da flora do Pantanal Anacardium humile A. St.-Hil. Anacardium occidentale L. Astronium fraxinifolium Schott. Astronium ulei Mattick Lithraea molleoides (Vell.) Engl. Myracrodruon urundeuva Allemão Spondias purpurea L. Schinus terebinthifolius Raddi Tapirira guianensis Aubl. Tapirira marchandii Engl. Annona cacans Warm. Annona coriacea Mart. Annona crassiflora Mart. Annona dioica A. St.-Hil. Duguetia furfuracea (A. St.-Hil.) Saff. Xylopia aromatica (Lam.) Mart. Xylopia brasiliensis Spreng. Xylopia sericea A. St.-Hil. Aspidosperma dasycarpon A. DC. Aspidosperma macrocarpon Mart. Aspidosperma tomentosum Mart. Aspidosperma verbascifolium Müll. Arg. Hancornia speciosa Gomes Himatanthus obovatus (Müll. Arg.) Woodson Ilex conocarpa Reiss Didymopanax macrocarpum (Cham. et Sch.) Seem ...
K04166 AGTR1; angiotensin II receptor type 1 K04634 GNAQ; guanine nucleotide-binding protein G(q) subunit alpha K04635 GNA11; guanine nucleotide-binding protein subunit alpha-11 K05858 PLCB; phosphatidylinositol phospholipase C, beta [EC:3.1.4.11] K05858 PLCB; phosphatidylinositol phospholipase C, beta [EC:3.1.4.11] K05858 PLCB; phosphatidylinositol phospholipase C, beta [EC:3.1.4.11] K05858 PLCB; phosphatidylinositol phospholipase C, beta [EC:3.1.4.11] K04958 ITPR1; inositol 1,4,5-triphosphate receptor type 1 K04959 ITPR2; inositol 1,4,5-triphosphate receptor type 2 K04960 ITPR3; inositol 1,4,5-triphosphate receptor type 3 K02677 PRKCA; classical protein kinase C alpha type [EC:2.7.11.13] K19662 PRKCB; classical protein kinase C beta type [EC:2.7.11.13] K19663 PRKCG; classical protein kinase C gamma type [EC:2.7.11.13] K18050 PRKCE; novel protein kinase C epsilon type [EC:2.7.11.13] K06070 PKD; protein kinase D [EC:2.7.11.13] K06070 PKD; protein kinase D [EC:2.7.11.13] K06070 PKD; protein ...
Chromosome numbers are presented for 20 Brazilian species of cerrado vegetation, belonging to 12 families: Annonaceae (Xylopia aromatica, 2n=16), Bombacaceae (Eriotheca gracilipes, 2n=99; E. pubescens, 2n=ca.270), Caryocaraceae (Caryocar brasiliense, 2n=46), Cochlospermaceae (Cochlospermum regium, 2n=36), Erythroxylaceae (Erythroxylum campestre, 2n=24), Leguminosae (Acosmium subelegans, 2n=18; Andira humilis, 2n=22; Hymenaea stigonocarpa, 2n=24), Malpighiaceae (Banisteriopsis sp, 2n=40, Byrsonima coccolobifolia, 2n=24; B. intermedia, 2n=24; B. verbascifolia, 2n=24; Peixotoa sp, 2n=30), Myrtaceae (Compomanesia pubescens, 2n=22), Rubiaceae (Alibertia sessilis, 2n=22), Sapindaceae (Magonia pubescens, 2n=30; Serjania erecta, 2n=24), Solanaceae (Solanum lycocarpum, 20=24) and Styracaceae (Styrax ferrgineus, 2n=16). The counts are new for 12 species and four genera. Evolutionary trends are discussed for some species, including the hexaploid origin of a pubescens from E. gracilipes ...
Bobgunnia madagascariensis (Bambara: Samagara), also called the snake bean plant, is a species of legume in the Fabaceae family. Bobgunnia madagascariensis is a small deciduous tree, 3-4 m tall. The plant has large pods that turn dark when ripe. The larvae of Abantis zambesiaca feed on B. madagascariensis. Bobgunnia madagascarensis is toxic. Poison composed of the roasted seeds of Bobgunnia madagascariensis and innards of the beetle Diamphidia nigroornata is applied to the arrows of the Bushmen.[citation needed] Seeds, fruits and stem bark are also used in fishing by poisoning in Africa. The methanolic extract of the fruit of B. madagascariensis contains a saponin tetraglycoside. The root bark of B. madagascariensis contains quinone methide diterpenes. The seed pod contains two acidic saponins, swartziasaponin A and B and swartziagenin, a mixture of oleanolic and 0-acetyloleanolic acid. The pod methanolic extract yields highly glycosylated flavonoids (glycosides of kaempferol and quercetin). The ...

Asimina Adans, (Annonaceae)Asimina Adans, (Annonaceae)

... Deciduous shrubs or small trees. Twigs rounded, moderate; pith round, white, continuous, with ...
more infohttp://chestofbooks.com/flora-plants/trees/Woody-Plants-Winter/Asimina-Adans-Annonaceae.html

Annonaceae - definition of Annonaceae by The Free DictionaryAnnonaceae - definition of Annonaceae by The Free Dictionary

Annonaceae synonyms, Annonaceae pronunciation, Annonaceae translation, English dictionary definition of Annonaceae. Noun 1. ... Annonaceae - chiefly tropical trees or shrubs custard-apple family, family Annonaceae magnoliid dicot family - family of ... Annonaceae. Also found in: Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.. Related to Annonaceae: Annona muricata, Apocynaceae Thesaurus ... Annonaceae - chiefly tropical trees or shrubs custard-apple family, family Annonaceae. magnoliid dicot family - family of ...
more infohttp://www.thefreedictionary.com/Annonaceae

Annonaceae - Biodiversity Heritage LibraryAnnonaceae - Biodiversity Heritage Library

Flora Paraibana: Annonaceae Juss By: Pontes,Aline Fernandes - Barbosa,Maria Regina de V. - Maas,Paul J.M. ... Annona contrerasii (Annonaceae), especie nueva del estado de Guerrero, México By: Jiménez Ramirez, Jaime. - Soto-Núñez,José ... Tetrameranthus (Annonaceae) revisited including a new species By: Westra, Lubbert Y.Th. - Maas, Paul J.M. ... Annonaceae) By: Dias,Marilda C. - Castro,Marília de M. - Kinoshita-Gouvêa, Luíza Sumiko. - Semir, João. ...
more infohttps://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/subject/Annonaceae/year

Antileishmanial and Trypanocidal Activities of Extracts and Aporphine Alkaloids Isolated from Monodora Genus (Annonaceae) |...Antileishmanial and Trypanocidal Activities of Extracts and Aporphine Alkaloids Isolated from Monodora Genus (Annonaceae) |...

Annonaceae). Biochem Syst Ecol 46: 162-165.. *Kablan L (2014) Etudes chimique et biologique de plantes issues de la flore de ... Diels) Setten & Maas (Annonaceae). BMC Complement Altern Med 13: 48.. *Loiseau PM, Cojean S, Schrével J (2011) Sitamaquine as a ... et Diels (Annonaceae), Erythrophleum suaveolens (Guill. et Perr.) Brenan (Fabaceae) et Sacoglottis gabonensis Urb. (Humiriac). ... Members of the Annonaceae family and their isolated compounds have demonstrated antiprotozoal activities including ...
more infohttps://www.omicsonline.org/open-access/antileishmanial-and-trypanocidal-activities-of-extracts-and-aporphinealkaloids-isolated-from-monodora-genus-annonaceae-2472-0992-1000136.php?aid=92067

Annonaceae - WikipédiaAnnonaceae - Wikipédia

en) Référence UICN : taxon Annonaceae *(en) Référence GRIN : famille Annonaceae Juss. (+liste des genres contenant des ... en) Référence Flora of Pakistan : Annonaceae *(en) Référence Angiosperm Phylogeny Website : Annonaceae (+ liste genres chez Kew ... Ce document provient de « https://fr.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Annonaceae&oldid=149467610 ». ...
more infohttps://fr.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Annonaceae

Essential oil from the leaves of Xylopia langsdorfiana (Annonaceae) as a possible spasmolytic agentEssential oil from the leaves of Xylopia langsdorfiana (Annonaceae) as a possible spasmolytic agent

Annonaceae) is popularly known in the northeast of Brazil as pimenteira da terra, and an essential oil (XL-OE) was extracted ... Essential oil from the leaves of Xylopia langsdorfiana (Annonaceae) as a possible spasmolytic agent. Author Correia, Ana ... Essential oil from the leaves of Xylopia langsdorfiana (Annonaceae) as a possible spasmolytic agent. Login ...
more infohttp://vml029.epm.br/handle/11600/39109

Phylogeny of Miliusa (Magnoliales: Annonaceae: Malmeoideae: Miliuseae), with descriptions of two new species from Malesia |...Phylogeny of Miliusa (Magnoliales: Annonaceae: Malmeoideae: Miliuseae), with descriptions of two new species from Malesia |...

Annonaceae: Malmeoideae: Miliuseae), with descriptions of two new species from Malesia. European Journal of Taxonomy 54: 1-21, ... Biodiversity Taxonomy Plantae Tracheophyta Magnoliopsida Magnoliales Annonaceae Published in:. European Journal of Taxonomy: 54 ... Monograph of Pseuduvaria (Annonaceae). Systematic Botany Monographs 79: 1-204.. *Su Y.C.F., Smith G.J.D. & Saunders R.M.K. 2008 ... Miliusa wayanadica (Annonaceae), a new species from Western Ghats, India. Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas ...
more infohttps://www.zenodo.org/record/883983

KNUSTSpace: Antipyretic activity of Polyalthia longifolia Benth. & Hook. F. var. pendula (Annonaceae), on lipopolysaccharide...KNUSTSpace: Antipyretic activity of Polyalthia longifolia Benth. & Hook. F. var. pendula (Annonaceae), on lipopolysaccharide...

pendula (Annonaceae), on lipopolysaccharide-induced fever in rats. Authors: Annan, K.. Sarpong, Dickson, K. Asare, C.. Amponsah ... Pendula (Annonaceae) is an evergreen tropical tree well known for its numerous medicinal proper-ties. Methanol extracts of the ...
more infohttp://ir.knust.edu.gh/handle/123456789/7189

Chemical constituents of the volatile oil from leaves of Annona coriacea and in vitro antiprotozoal activityChemical constituents of the volatile oil from leaves of Annona coriacea and in vitro antiprotozoal activity

Keywords : Annona coriacea Mart.; Annonaceae; volatile oil; GC/MS-GC/FID analysis; in vitro antiprotozoal activity. ... The essential oil of the leaves from Annona coriacea Mart., Annonaceae, was extracted by hydrodistillation in a Clevenger ...
more infohttp://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_abstract&pid=S0102-695X2011000100007&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en

Annona squamosa - WikipediaAnnona squamosa - Wikipedia

Annona squamosa is a small, well-branched tree or shrub[6] from the family Annonaceae that bears edible fruits called sugar- ... Walker JW (1971) Pollen Morphology, Phytogeography, and Phylogeny of the Annonaceae. Contributions from the Gray Herbarium of ...
more infohttps://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Annona_squamosa

Rollinia mucosa (Jacq.) Baill.: establishment of callus culture and lignan productionRollinia mucosa (Jacq.) Baill.: establishment of callus culture and lignan production

Annonaceae. Plant Cell Tissue Organ Cult 1999;56(2):121-4. * Figueiredo SFL, Albarello N, Viana VRC. Micropropagation of ...
more infohttp://scielo.sld.cu/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1028-47962003000300007&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=es

Anona mäkkoostnatá - WikipédiaAnona mäkkoostnatá - Wikipédia

LE VEN, J.; SCHMITZ-AFONSO, I.; TOUBOUL, D.. Annonaceae fruits and parkinsonism risk: Metabolisation study of annonacin, a ...
more infohttps://sk.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anona_m%C3%A4kkoostnat%C3%A1

Nicholas  Oberlies , NC DOCKS (North Carolina Digital Online Collection of Knowledge and Scholarship)Nicholas Oberlies , NC DOCKS (North Carolina Digital Online Collection of Knowledge and Scholarship)

Asimina triloba, commonly known as paw paw, is one of approximately 2100 species in the Annonaceae family, scores of which are ... Bullatacin, a potential antitumor substance isolated from plants of the Annonaceae, and analogs of bullatacin, known ... They are only found in several genera of the plant family, Annonaceae. Their d.... ...
more infohttp://libres.uncg.edu/ir/clist.aspx?id=2969

The Annona muricata leaf ethanol extract affects mobility and reproduction in mutant strain NB327 Caenorhabditis elegansThe Annona muricata leaf ethanol extract affects mobility and reproduction in mutant strain NB327 Caenorhabditis elegans

1. Moghadamtousi S.Z., Fadaeinasab M., Nikzad S., Mohan G., Ali H.M., Kadir H.A. Annona muricata (Annonaceae): a review of its ... A. muricata belongs to the Annonaceae family and has been a traditional plant remedy in America and Africa. Phytochemicals ... 2. Zafra-Polo M.C., Gonzalez M.C., Estornell E., Sahpaz S., Cortes D. Acetogenins from Annonaceae, inhibitors of mitochondrial ... Schlie-Guzmán M.A., González-Esquinca A.R., Cazáres L.M. Las acetogeninas de Annonaceae: efecto antiproliferativo en líneas ...
more infohttp://pubmedcentralcanada.ca/pmcc/articles/PMC5614673/

perihalbarah: Durian Belandaperihalbarah: Durian Belanda

Family: Annonaceae Genus: Annona Species: muricata Synonyms: Annona macrocarpa , A. bonplandiana, A. cearensis, Guanabanus ... there are more than two thousand varieties of plants in the Annonaceae family and the potential for further cures to serious ...
more infohttp://perihalbarah.blogspot.com/2011/12/durian-belanda.html

Polyalthia Longifolia Seeds Manufacturer Supplier in Chikkaballapur IndiaPolyalthia Longifolia Seeds Manufacturer Supplier in Chikkaballapur India

Family : Annonaceae Common Name : Mast Tree, Debe-daru Telugu Name : Asoka. Flowering : Numerous yellowish-green flowers on ...
more infohttp://www.treeseedsindia.com/polyalthia-longifolia-seeds-manufacturer.htm

De novo assembly and characterization of transcriptomes of early-stage fruit from two genotypes of Annona squamosa L. with...De novo assembly and characterization of transcriptomes of early-stage fruit from two genotypes of Annona squamosa L. with...

belongs to family Annonaceae which is the largest living family among magnoliids (primitive angiosperms). The genus Annona ... Xu F, Ronse De Craene L. Floral ontogeny of Annonaceae: evidence for high variability in floral form. Ann Bot. 2010;106(4):591- ... Lora J, Hormaza JI, Herrero M. The progamic phase of an early-divergent angiosperm, Annona cherimola (Annonaceae). Ann Bot. ...
more infohttps://bmcgenomics.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12864-015-1248-3

Srikaya (Annona squamosa L.) | CCRCSrikaya (Annona squamosa L.) | CCRC

Family : Annonaceae. Genus : Annona. Species : Annona squamosa L. (Syamsuhidayat, 1991). 3. Description ...
more infohttp://ccrc.farmasi.ugm.ac.id/en/?page_id=2288

Formulation and evaluation of herbal ointment for wound healing and anti marking activity by using Vitis venifera and Annona...Formulation and evaluation of herbal ointment for wound healing and anti marking activity by using Vitis venifera and Annona...

Annona reticulatais a small deciduous or semi-ever green tree in the plant family Annonaceae. It is best known for its fruit, ... The plants of genus Annona reticulata belong to the family of Annonaceae is native of west india , eastern and south india as ... Annona reticulatais a small deciduous or semi-ever green tree in the plant family Annonaceae. It is best known for its fruit, ...
more infohttp://www.pharmatutor.org/articles/formulation-evaluation-herbal-ointment-wound-healing-antimarking-activity-vitis-venifera-annonareticulata-seeds-extract

1 oz. Graviola Leaf Powder Soursop (Annona muricata) Organic Peru1 oz. Graviola Leaf Powder Soursop (Annona muricata) Organic Peru

... is a lowland tropical fruit-bearing tree in the Annonaceae family ... is a lowland tropical fruit-bearing tree in the Annonaceae ...
more infohttps://oursacredgarden.ecrater.com/p/26003024/1-oz-graviola-leaf-powder-soursop

Category:Annonaceae flowers - Wikimedia CommonsCategory:Annonaceae flowers - Wikimedia Commons

Media in category "Annonaceae flowers". The following 12 files are in this category, out of 12 total. ... Retrieved from "https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=Category:Annonaceae_flowers&oldid=341000880" ...
more infohttps://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:Annonaceae_flowers

Annonaceae - WikipediaAnnonaceae - Wikipedia

AnnonBase-online database for Annonaceae World Annonaceae - a scratchpad for data on species of Annonaceae Annonaceae in BoDD ... "Annonaceae". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 18 March 2008. Flora of North America. "2. Annonaceae Jussieu ... The subfamilial and tribal classification is followed in World Annonaceae which presents an overview of all Annonaceae genera ... L.W. (2005-07-29). "Molecular Systematics of Annonaceae". Annonaceae research projects. Nationaal Herbarium Nederland. Archived ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Annonaceae

Category:Close-ups of Annonaceae flowers - Wikimedia CommonsCategory:Close-ups of Annonaceae flowers - Wikimedia Commons

Media in category "Close-ups of Annonaceae flowers". The following 10 files are in this category, out of 10 total. ... Category:Close-ups of Annonaceae flowers. From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository ... Retrieved from "https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=Category:Close-ups_of_Annonaceae_flowers&oldid=236683711" ...
more infohttps://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:Close-ups_of_Annonaceae_flowers

Annonaceae in South China Botanical Garden Herbarium Type Specimens @ efloras.orgAnnonaceae in South China Botanical Garden Herbarium Type Specimens @ efloras.org

Annonaceae Jussieu 番荔枝科 Description from Flora of China. Trees, shrubs, or climbers, wood and leaves often aromatic; indument ... Annonaceae. In: Tsiang Ying & Li Ping-tao, eds., Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. 30(2): 10-175.. About 129 genera and over 2,300 ... One of the major studies of the Annonaceae of tropical Asia was by Suzanne Jovet-Ast (1914-2006), who published an account of ...
more infohttp://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=601&taxon_id=10047
  • Annona squamosa is a small, well-branched tree or shrub from the family Annonaceae that bears edible fruits called sugar-apples or sweetsops . (wikipedia.org)
  • Morphological character evolution in the miliusoid clade (Annonaceae). (zenodo.org)
  • Miliusa lanceolata (Annonaceae), a new species from Papua New Guinea. (zenodo.org)
  • Seven new species of Miliusa (Annonaceae) from Thailand. (zenodo.org)
  • Miliusa codonantha (Annonaceae), a new species from the Indian eastern Himalaya, with a new combination, M. dioeca. (zenodo.org)
  • Recent advances in Annonaceae phylogenetics allow interpreting their morphology, biogeography, and pollination biology among other disciplines in an evolutionary context. (botanyconference.org)
  • There are numerous studies on the pollination biology and eco-physiology of the Annonaceae, and experts will be invited to present the latest syntheses of these topics. (botanyconference.org)
  • This paper reports thrips (Thysanoptera) cross-pollination in the primitive angiosperm, Popowia pisocarpa (Annonaceae), in lowland rain forest of Sarawak, Malaysia. (naver.com)
  • The ages of Annonaceae clades inferred using fossil evidence and molecular clock based dating techniques suggests that the pantropical distribution of the family originated subsequent to the break up of the Gondwanan supercontinent, as the result of a combination of geodispersal tracking the expansion of the boreotropical flora during the Eocene and more recent long distance dispersal events. (wikipedia.org)
  • From Miliusa to Miliuseae to Miliusoid: identifying clades in Asian Annonaceae: 37-75. (zenodo.org)
  • Phytochemical investigation of the leaves of Guatteria friesiana (Annonaceae) afforded three new isoquinoline alkaloids, 13-hydroxy-discretinine, 6,6a-dehydroguatteriopsiscine and 9-dehydroxy-1-methoxy-dihydroguattouregidine. (scielo.br)
  • Morphological character evolution in the miliusoid clade (Annonaceae). (zenodo.org)
  • We evaluated the anti-cancer activity of these Annonaceae plants against several human cancer cell lines. (biomedcentral.com)