The custard-apple plant family of the order Magnoliales, subclass Magnoliidae, class Magnoliopsida. Some members provide large pulpy fruits and commercial timber. Leaves and wood are often fragrant. Leaves are simple, with smooth margins, and alternately arranged in two rows along the stems.
A plant genus of the family ANNONACEAE. It has edible fruit and seeds which contain acetogenins and benzoquinazoline and other alkaloids.
A plant genus of the family ANNONACEAE. Members contain DITERPENES.
Polyketides of up to a few dozen carbons in length, formed by chain extension of multiple PROPIONATES and oxygenated to form tetrahydrofuran and lactone rings along the length of the chain. They are found in ANNONACEAE and other PLANTS. Related compounds cyclize to MACROLIDES.
A plant genus of the family ANNONACEAE. Members contain 8-oxopolyalthiaine.
Dibenzoquinolines derived in plants from (S)-reticuline (BENZYLISOQUINOLINES).
The buckthorn plant family, of the order Rhamnales, includes some species with edible fruits and some that are medicinal.
A plant genus of the family ANNONACEAE. Members contain aporphines, acetogenins and rollinone.
The outer layer of the woody parts of plants.
Lists of words, usually in alphabetical order, giving information about form, pronunciation, etymology, grammar, and meaning.
A plant genus of the family ANNONACEAE. It has edible fruit and seeds which contain asitrocin, asitrilobins, and other tetrahydrofuran acetogenins.
Woody, usually tall, perennial higher plants (Angiosperms, Gymnosperms, and some Pterophyta) having usually a main stem and numerous branches.
Parts of plants that usually grow vertically upwards towards the light and support the leaves, buds, and reproductive structures. (From Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)
The variety of all native living organisms and their various forms and interrelationships.
The protection, preservation, restoration, and rational use of all resources in the total environment.
A functional system which includes the organisms of a natural community together with their environment. (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
The ceasing of existence of a species or taxonomic groups of organisms.
A plant genus of the family ANNONACEAE. Members contain asarone, isoguattouregidine (an isoquinoline alkaloid), norlaureline, puterine, noraporphine alkaloids.
A group of related plant alkaloids that contain the BERBERINE heterocyclic ring structure.
The rotation of linearly polarized light as it passes through various media.
Spectroscopic method of measuring the magnetic moment of elementary particles such as atomic nuclei, protons or electrons. It is employed in clinical applications such as NMR Tomography (MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING).
Agents destructive to the protozoal organisms belonging to the suborder TRYPANOSOMATINA.
A disease endemic among people and animals in Central Africa. It is caused by various species of trypanosomes, particularly T. gambiense and T. rhodesiense. Its second host is the TSETSE FLY. Involvement of the central nervous system produces "African sleeping sickness." Nagana is a rapidly fatal trypanosomiasis of horses and other animals.
Infections with unicellular organisms formerly members of the subkingdom Protozoa.
A genus of flagellate protozoa comprising several species that are pathogenic for humans. Organisms of this genus have an amastigote and a promastigote stage in their life cycles. As a result of enzymatic studies this single genus has been divided into two subgenera: Leishmania leishmania and Leishmania viannia. Species within the Leishmania leishmania subgenus include: L. aethiopica, L. arabica, L. donovani, L. enrietti, L. gerbilli, L. hertigi, L. infantum, L. major, L. mexicana, and L. tropica. The following species are those that compose the Leishmania viannia subgenus: L. braziliensis, L. guyanensis, L. lainsoni, L. naiffi, and L. shawi.
An order of flagellate protozoa. Characteristics include the presence of one or two flagella arising from a depression in the cell body and a single mitochondrion that extends the length of the body.
A plant genus of the family FABACEAE a common weed of the southeast US. There has been folk use for alcoholism and liver protection. It contains puerarin, kakkalide, daidzein (isoflavonoids), and kudzusaponins (oleanene-type triterpene glycosides).
A cabinet department in the Executive Branch of the United States Government concerned with improving and maintaining farm income and developing and expanding markets for agricultural products. Through inspection and grading services it safeguards and insures standards of quality in food supply and production.
A plant species of the family POACEAE. It is a tall grass grown for its EDIBLE GRAIN, corn, used as food and animal FODDER.
A class of plants within the Bryophyta comprising the mosses, which are found in both damp (including freshwater) and drier situations. Mosses possess erect or prostrate leafless stems, which give rise to leafless stalks bearing capsules. Spores formed in the capsules are released and grow to produce new plants. (Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990). Many small plants bearing the name moss are in fact not mosses. The "moss" found on the north side of trees is actually a green alga (CHLOROPHYTA). Irish moss is really a red alga (RHODOPHYTA). Beard lichen (beard moss), Iceland moss, oak moss, and reindeer moss are actually LICHENS. Spanish moss is a common name for both LICHENS and an air plant (TILLANDSIA usneoides) of the pineapple family. Club moss is an evergreen herb of the family LYCOPODIACEAE.
Substances made up of an aggregation of small particles, as that obtained by grinding or trituration of a solid drug. In pharmacy it is a form in which substances are administered. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
Pesticides designed to control insects that are harmful to man. The insects may be directly harmful, as those acting as disease vectors, or indirectly harmful, as destroyers of crops, food products, or textile fabrics.
A plant genus of the family ANNONACEAE known for its aromatic oil (OILS, VOLATILE).
Sound that expresses emotion through rhythm, melody, and harmony.
Disease involving the ULNAR NERVE from its origin in the BRACHIAL PLEXUS to its termination in the hand. Clinical manifestations may include PARESIS or PARALYSIS of wrist flexion, finger flexion, thumb adduction, finger abduction, and finger adduction. Sensation over the medial palm, fifth finger, and ulnar aspect of the ring finger may also be impaired. Common sites of injury include the AXILLA, cubital tunnel at the ELBOW, and Guyon's canal at the wrist. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1995, Ch51 pp43-5)
A plant genus of the family VIOLACEAE. Some species in this genus are called bouncing bet which is a common name more often used with SAPONARIA OFFICINALIS. Members contain macrocyclic peptides.
A plant genus of the family MAGNOLIACEAE. The germacranolide sesquiterpene lactones costunolide, parthenolide, and costunolide diepoxide have been isolated from the leaves. Bark contains honokiol and magnolol. Parts are an ingredient of Banxia Houpo Tang.
A plant genus of the family MAGNOLIACEAE. Members include hardwood trees of eastern North America with distinct large tuliplike flowers.
A plant family of the order Magnoliales, subclass Magnoliidae, class Magnoliopsida. They are trees and shrubs having an elongated conelike floral axis with fragrant flowers that have six tepals (sepals and petals that are not distinctly different) and many spirally arranged stamens.
A family of flowering plants in the order Piperales best known for the black pepper widely used in SPICES, and for KAVA and Betel used for neuroactive properties.
The sour gum plant family of the order Nymphaeales, subclass Magnoliidae, class Magnoliopsida. All have horizontal or hanging branches and broad alternate leaves, and they are dioecious (male and female flowers on different plants).
A class of dibenzylbutane derivatives which occurs in higher plants and in fluids (bile, serum, urine, etc.) in man and other animals. These compounds, which have a potential anti-cancer role, can be synthesized in vitro by human fecal flora. (From Singleton & Sainsbury, Dictionary of Microbiology and Molecular Biology, 2d ed)
A plant genus of the family NYMPHAEACEAE. The common name of lotus is also used for LOTUS and NELUMBO.
Non-native organisms brought into a region, habitat, or ECOSYSTEM by human activity.
Warm-blooded VERTEBRATES possessing FEATHERS and belonging to the class Aves.
The encapsulated embryos of flowering plants. They are used as is or for animal feed because of the high content of concentrated nutrients like starches, proteins, and fats. Rapeseed, cottonseed, and sunflower seed are also produced for the oils (fats) they yield.
A plant genus of the family ASTERACEAE. Members contain galegine (GUANIDINES).
Organizations established by endowments with provision for future maintenance.

Four polyoxygenated cyclohexenes from the Chinese tree, Uvaria purpurea. (1/50)

Two novel polyoxygenated cyclohexenes, 6-methoxyzeylenol (3) and 2-acetoxyzeylenone (4), together with two known compounds, zeylenol (1) and zeylenone (2), were isolated from the heartwood of the Chinese tree, Uvaria purpurea. Zeylenol (1) and zeylenone (2) both showed inhibitory activity toward the root growth of Lactuca sativa. Their structures were established by spectroscopic and chemical methods.  (+info)

Polyoxygenated cyclohexenes from the Chinese tree, Uvaria purpurea. (2/50)

Four new polyoxygenated cyclohexenes, 2-O-acetyl-6-O-methylzeylenol (2), 2-O-benzoyl-3-O-debenzoylzeylenone (5), 3-O-debenzoylzeylenone (6) and 3-O-debenzoylgrandiflorone (8), were isolated from the leaves of Uvaria purpurea. 2-O-acetyl-6-O-benzoylzeylenol (3) was also isolated for the first time as a natural product. Compounds 5-7 each showed inhibitory activity against the root growth of Lactuca sativa. Their structures were established by spectroscopic and chemical methods.  (+info)

Chromone and phenanthrene alkaloids from Dennettia tripetala. (3/50)

Dennettine, a new 2,6-dimethoxychromone and three known phenanthrene alkaloids (uvariopsine, stephenanthrine and argentinine) in addition to the phenolic and known compound vanillin were isolated from the roots of Dennettia tripetala. Their structures were determined by physical and spectroscopical one dimensional (1D) and 2D-NMR analysis, including heteronuclear multiple bond correlation and nuclear Overhauser enhancement spectroscopy.  (+info)

Inhibitory activities of three annonaceous acetogenins on NADH oxidase of chicken liver mitochondria. (4/50)

Annonaceous acetogenins (ACG) are natural products found in the plant family Annonaceae and which strongly inhibited mitochondrial complex I. The inhibition of NADH oxidase of chicken liver mitochondria by three different structural ACG was studied here, and ACG was shown to have potent inhibitory activities similar to rotenone for NADH oxidase. The IC(50) values indicated that bis-adjacent tetrahydrofuran (THF) type squamocin C was more potent than non-adjacent bis-THF type squamostatin B, and the latter was more potent than non-THF type compound 1 in the assay. The roles of structural factors of ACG such as the terminal gamma-lactone, the features of other ring moieties and hydroxyl groups, as well as the alkyl chain were simply discussed in this study.  (+info)

Effects of ylang-ylang essential oil on the relaxation of rat bladder muscle in vitro and white rabbit bladder in vivo. (5/50)

Current and primary treatment modality in overactive bladder includes the administration of anticholinergics. The demand for new agents has been rising since anticholinergics have proven to come with many side effects. This study was designed to investigate the effects of ylang-ylang essential oil (YYEO) on the relaxation of urinary bladder muscle in vitro and in vivo. Effects of YYEO were assessed on resting tension, and electrical field stimulation- and various drug-induced contraction in vitro by checking the isometric tension changes of muscle strips and same procedures were repeated in the presence of methylene blue, Nw-Nitro-L-arginine methyl ester hydrochloride (L-NAME), or N-ethylmaleimide, and in vivo. YYEO decreased significantly the contractility of strips. There was no statistically significant difference between the treated group only with YYEO and the pretreated group with YYEO and methylene blue or L-NAME. When N-ethylmaleimide was employed, there was a statistically significant decrease in the rate of contraction. In vivo studies showed the same results compared with in vitro study. The results of this study indicate that YYEO has a relaxing effect on the bladder, and such mechanism is thought to be brought about by a pathway mediated by c-AMP.  (+info)

Structural revision of epoxyrollins A and B, biosynthetic precursors of annonaceous acetogenins. (6/50)

Chemical structural elucidation of epoxyrollins A and B, representatives of biosynthetic precursors of tetrahydrofuran and tetrahydropyran annonaceous acetogenins, is described. These chemical structures were diepoxyreticanin 1 (4) and diepoxymuricanin A (6) by a (13)C-NMR and mass spectral study of the natural and synthetic sample data.  (+info)

Historical biogeography of two cosmopolitan families of flowering plants: Annonaceae and Rhamnaceae. (7/50)

Annonaceae are a pantropically distributed family found predominantly in rainforests, so they are megathermal taxa, whereas Rhamnaceae are a cosmopolitan family that tend to be found in xeric regions and may be classified as mesothermal. Phylogenetic analyses of these families are presented based on rbcL and trnL-F plastid DNA sequences. Likelihood ratio tests revealed rate heterogeneity in both phylogenetic trees and they were therefore made ultrametric using non-parametric rate smoothing and penalized likelihood. Divergence times were then estimated using fossil calibration points. The historical biogeography of these families that are species rich in different biomes is discussed and compared with other published reconstructions. Rhamnaceae and most lineages within Annonaceae are too young to have had their distribution patterns influenced by break-up of previously connected Gondwanan landmasses. Contrasts in the degree of geographical structure between these two families may be explained by differences in age and dispersal capability. In both groups, long-distance dispersal appears to have played a more significant role in establishing modern patterns than had previously been assumed. Both families also contain examples of recent diversification of species-rich lineages. An understanding of the processes responsible for shaping the distribution patterns of these families has contributed to our understanding of the historical assembly of the biomes that they occupy.  (+info)

Induction of leukemia cell apoptosis by cheliensisin A involves down-regulation of Bcl-2 expression. (8/50)

AIM: To investigate the apoptosis-inducing effect of cheliensisin A (GC-51), a novel styryl-lactone isolated from Goniothalamus cheliensis, on human promyelocytic leukemia HL-60 cells and the mechanism of action involved. METHODS: Apoptotic cell death was determined by morphological examination and DNA agarose gel electrophoresis. The activity of caspase-3 was assessed using Western blotting and the expression of Bcl-2 and Bax genes was analyzed using the reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) method. RESULTS: GC-51 significantly inhibited the proliferation of HL-60 cells with an IC50 of 2.4+/-0.2 micromol/L and effectively induced apoptosis in HL-60 cells. Exposure of HL-60 cells to 10 micromol/L GC-51 for 8 h resulted in approximately 53% of the cells undergoing apoptosis. Caspase-3 was activated in GC-51-treated cells, which was manifested by the appearance of the 17 kDa active form of caspase-3 and the cleavage of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP). Meanwhile, GC-51 markedly reduced the expression of the anti-apoptotic gene Bcl-2 and increased the expression of the pro-apoptotic gene Bax. The apoptosis-inducing effect of GC-51 was cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA) dependent because PKA, but not the protein kinase C, specific inhibitor H-89, blocked the induction of apoptosis by GC-51 in HL-60 cells. CONCLUSION: The results demonstrate that GC-51 effectively induces apoptosis in HL-60 cells and that this effect is PKA-dependent and involves the downregulation of Bcl-2 expression and the activation of caspase-3.  (+info)

Define Annonaceae. Annonaceae synonyms, Annonaceae pronunciation, Annonaceae translation, English dictionary definition of Annonaceae. Noun 1. Annonaceae - chiefly tropical trees or shrubs custard-apple family, family Annonaceae magnoliid dicot family - family of dicotyledonous flowering...
Tanawat Chaowasku, Paul J.A. Keßler (2013): Phylogeny of Miliusa (Magnoliales: Annonaceae: Malmeoideae: Miliuseae), with descriptions of two new species from Malesia. European Journal of Taxonomy 54: 1-21, DOI: 10.5852/ejt.2013.54
Post-harvest losses of agricultural produce caused by store grain pest most especially cereals and grains to store pest require developing cheap, ecofriendly and readily available insecticide to combat this threat and achieve the goal of food security in developing countries. This study investigated the effects of Cleistopholis patens (leaf and stem bark) on Plodia interpunctella infestation in stored maize grains. Powders from the plant were administered at 0.5, 1.0, 1.5, 2.0 and 2.5 g dosages to maize grains containing developmental stages of P. interpunctella both as contact and fumigant insecticides. The insecticidal activities were monitored at 24, 48, 72 and 96 h post-treatment periods. As a contact insecticide, C. patens was significantly (PË‚0.05) more effective than as a fumigant against all developmental stages of the pest. The leaf powder was observed to be weakly effective both as contact and fumigant against P. interpunctella. At its peak, 69.17% larval mortality was achieved at 2.5 g
A convenient, renewable source of the anxiolytic proaporphine alkaloid glaziovine: Duguetia vallicola leaves. . Biblioteca virtual para leer y descargar libros, documentos, trabajos y tesis universitarias en PDF. Material universiario, documentación y tareas realizadas por universitarios en nuestra biblioteca. Para descargar gratis y para leer online.
THE EFFECTS OF METHANOL EXTRACT OF DENNETTIA TRIPETALA (Mmimi) ON THE LIVER MARKER ENZYMES (AST, ALT AND ALP) OF ALBINO RATS ABSTRACT The effect of oral a
Extracts of the pungent leaves are used as an emetic, carminative, purgative and revulsive against pains and rheumatism. The powder of the seeds is used to prepare special pepper food sauces given to lactating mothers. The fruit extract is also used to aid conception and as a vermifuge for round worms. Pergularia daemia of the plant family Asclepiadaceae. The leaves, stem and root barks are used for cough, fever, catarrh and diarrhoea in infants.. African pepper or Black pepper {Xylopia aethiopica} is of the plant family Annonaceae. The stem bark, fruits, seeds and roots are used for stomach aches; dysentery; bronchitis; cancer; ulcers; fever and debility; rheumatism; post-partum management and fertility-enhancing; and vermifuge. Fruit extract or decoction of the bark is drank for the treatment of bronchitis and dysenteric conditions; and also as a medicine for biliousness and febrile pains.. The powdered root is used as a dressing for sores and rubbed onto gums for pyorrhea and in the treatment ...
MP 412 (CAS: 451492-95-8) is a potent dual inhibitor of EGFR and ErbB2(IC50=19 nM) tyrosine kinases, including the mutant EGFR(L858R IC50=0.51 nM, T790M IC50=0.79 nM); inhibits autophosphorylation of EGFR and ErbB2 with IC(50) of 43 and 282 nM, respective
The chemical structures of isolated compounds were established on the basis of spectroscopical data as Infra-red (IR), 1D (1H, 13C, DEPT 135) and 2D-NMR experiments; Heteronuclear Multiple-Quantum Correlation (HMQC), correlation spectroscopy (COSY) and Heteronuclear Multiple Bond Correlation (HMBC) plus Mass Spectroscopy (MS) data. The 13C NMR data were assigned with the help of HMQC and DEPT 135 experiments while, the connectivitys of the molecular fragments were established by HMBC, COSY and NOESY. The analysis of the spectra and structure elucidation was also facilitated by comparison of observed and published 1H and 13C NMR data for the compounds.. Lysicamine (1): yellow needles (10.21 mg), m.p. 209-211°C, 1H NMR (CDCl3, 600 MHz) δ 7.57 (1H, s, H-3), 8.07 (1H, d, J = 5.2 Hz, H-4), 8.77 (1H, d, J = 5.2 Hz, H-5), 8.48 (1H, dd, J = 9.0, 1.8 Hz, H-8), 7.63 (1H, t, J = 9.0, 1.2 Hz, H-9), 7.86 (1H, t, J = 9.0, 1.4 Hz, H-10), 9.26 (1H, dd, J = 9.0, 1.2 Hz, H-11), 4.13 (3H, s, 1-OCH3), 4.06 (3H, ...
Leishmaniasis and trypanosomiasis are protozoan diseases caused respectively by the kinetoplastid protozoan Leishmania parasites transmitted by the female phlebotomine sa..
Purvis, O.W. (1992) Pseudevernia Zopf, 1903 (pp. 503-504) In: Purvis, O.W., Coppins, B.J., Hawksworth, D.L., James, P.W. and Moore, D.M. (eds.) The Lichen Flora of Great Britain and Ireland. London: Natural History Museum Publication, 710 pp. (RLL List # 151 / Rec.# 15105 - Recent Literature on Lichens) (Description of P. furfuracea: p. 506 ...
La famille des annonacées regroupe des plantes dicotylédones primitives ; constituée de 2500 espèces réparties en une centaine de genres, cest la plus grande famille de lordre des magnoliales. Ce sont des arbres, des arbustes ou des lianes des zones tropicales ou sub-tropicales. Cest la famille de lYlang-ylang (Cananga odorata), certaines espèces produisent des fruits comestibles. ...
Ylang-ylang oil is extracted from the flowers of the Cananga odorata tree and belongs to the Annonaceae family of plants. The Annonaceae family consists of 2050 species and 125 genera, most of which a... more
Deciduous shrubs or small trees. Twigs rounded, moderate; pith round, white, continuous, with firmer greenish plates at intervals in the second years growth, often brown and chambered in old twigs. T...
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Five selected Thai plant extracts, including Lotus seeds, Black Sesame seeds, White Kwao Krua tubers, rice bran and Asiatic Pennywort leaves were extracted by different solvents (ethyl acetate, ethanol and water). The mixture of the rice bran extract and the White Kwao Krua extract at 1:1 weight ratio, the water and chloroform fractions of the decolorized Asiatic Pennywort extract and the rice bran extract loaded in b-cyclodextrin were prepared. The samples were investigated for 5a-reductase inhibition in DU-145 prostate carcinoma and melanogenesis in B16F10 melanoma cells. The rice bran extract not loaded and loaded in b-cyclodextrin exhibited the high linoleic acid contents of 21.13±1.22 and 21.47±0.91% w/w, respectively. The highest inhibitory effect of 5a-reductase type 1 was observed in 0.5 mg/mL of the rice bran extract at 87.43±7.15% of the control, which was higher than the standard dutasteride of about 1.60 times, followed respectively by the mixture of the rice bran extract and the ...
2018, Chiang Mai University. All rights reserved. Five selected Thai plant extracts, including Lotus seeds, Black Sesame seeds, White Kwao Krua tubers, rice bran and Asiatic Pennywort leaves were extracted by different solvents (ethyl acetate, ethanol and water). The mixture of the rice bran extract and the White Kwao Krua extract at 1:1 weight ratio, the water and chloroform fractions of the decolorized Asiatic Pennywort extract and the rice bran extract loaded in β-cyclodextrin were prepared. The samples were investigated for 5α-reductase inhibition in DU-145 prostate carcinoma and melanogenesis in B16F10 melanoma cells. The rice bran extract not loaded and loaded in β-cyclodextrin exhibited the high linoleic acid contents of 21.13±1.22 and 21.47±0.91% w/w, respectively. The highest inhibitory effect of 5α-reductase type 1 was observed in 0.5 mg/mL of the rice bran extract at 87.43±7.15% of the control, which was higher than the standard dutasteride of about 1.60 times, followed ...
Synonyms for androecium in Free Thesaurus. Antonyms for androecium. 1 word related to androecium: gametoecium. What are synonyms for androecium?
Synonyms for androecia in Free Thesaurus. Antonyms for androecia. 1 word related to androecium: gametoecium. What are synonyms for androecia?
Two of the four parameters in the rule of five, molecular weight and log P, which can be detected and predicted by mass spectrometry and compound retention on reversed-phase HPLC, were used as guidelines in natural product isolation. A new aporphine alkaloid, (6aR)-normecambroline (1), was isolated from the bark of Neolitsea dealbata (R. Br.) Merr. Its structure was determined on the basis of NMR, MS and CD analysis. It is the first time the absolute configuration of the roemerine-N-oxide was assigned for both roemerine-N α-oxide (3) and roemerine-Nβ-oxide (4). Physico-chemical property evaluation demonstrated all alkaloids had no Lipinski violation. Compound 1 inhibited selectively against cervical cancer cells (HeLa) with an IC50 of 4.0 μM. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
When standard lists are uses for assigned values, all language variants stored in SysTax are indexed, so that e.g. for type and type can be searched. Likewise each holotypus is found when searching type. A multi-language query is also possible for all geographical data (Asien - Asia, Brasilien - Brazil). For each taxon the complete systematic hierarchy is indexed, so that also these higher taxa at any level can be searched (example: the search pattern Annonaceae Gottsberger Brazil gives all objects, that had been collected by Gottsberger in Brazil and that has a determination of Annonaceae or any taxon below this family). The collection search is available in a simple and an expert mode. The search result can be displayed in a short and in a detailed list. For the simple mode the short list is preset, for the expert mode the detailed list.. The search can also be carried out in such a way that the query fields are omitted in the result lists. By doing so, for example, type lists or ...
Hi, they look good and thanks for the links. I need to do something similar on my layout to hide the exit so this has given me the incentive to have a go. The bark powder looks to give a good texture - does it need painting or is that just as applied? Ive decided to go for an autumnal look so the trunks will be visible and need various moss and lichen colours applied as well.. ReplyDelete ...
This application is directed to novel fluorinated polymers and prepolymers derived from mono-substituted oxetane monomers having fluorinated alkoxymethylene side-chains and the method of making these compositions. The mono-substituted fluorinated oxetane monomers having fluorinated alkoxymethylene side-chains are prepared in high yield by the reaction of a fluorinated alkoxides with either 3-halomethyl-3-methyloxetane premonomers or aryl sulfonate derivative of 3-hydroxymethyl-3-methyloxetane premonomers. Preparation of a mono-substituted 3-bromomethyl-3-methyloxetane premonomer via a simple, high yield process amenable to commercial scaleup is also disclosed. The fluorinated oxetane monomers of this invention can be readily homo/co-polymerized in the presence of a Lewis acid and polyhydroxy compounds to obtain hydroxy-terminated polyether prepolymers having fluorinated alkoxymethylene side chains. Additionally, the fluorinated oxetane monomers can be copolymerized with non-fluorinated monomers such as
Gedatolisib (PKI-587) is a highly potent dual inhibitor of PI3Kα, PI3Kγ, and mTOR with IC50s of 0.4 nM, 5.4 nM and 1.6 nM, respectively. PKI-587 is equally effective in both complexes of mTOR, mTORC1 and mTORC2. - Mechanism of Action & Protocol.
Which drug disrupts mitochondrial electron transport in protozoa, and is effective for chemoprophylaxis and treatment of falciparum malaria, but can cause abd pain and GI effects at higher dosage. This is also an alternative treatment for P jiroveci. ...
Growth Habit: Guavas are evergreen, shallow-rooted shrubs or small trees to 33 ft, with spreading branches. Growth in California is rarely over 10 - 12 feet. The bark is smooth, mottled green or reddish brown and peels off in thin flakes to reveal the attractive bony aspect of its trunk. The plant branches close to the ground and often produces suckers from roots near the base of the trunk. Young twigs are quadrangular and downy.. Foliage: Guava leaves leaves are opposite, short-petioled, oval or oblong-elliptic, somewhat irregular in outline, 2 - 6 inches long and 1 - 2 inches wide. The dull-green, stiff but leathery leaves have pronounced veins, and are slightly downy on the underside. Crushed leaves are aromatic.. Flowers: Faintly fragrant, the white flowers, borne singly or in clusters in the leaf axils, are 1 inch wide, with 4 or 5 white petals. These petals are quickly shed, leaving a prominent tuft of perhaps 250 white stamens tipped with pale-yellow anthers.. Guavas are primarily ...
While on a job assignment on a beautiful tropical island the author didnt realize he had accidently stumbled upon a time bomb contagious disease and some eight years later, although the disease was still not revealed to the public, he has the opportunity to revisit the scene from curiosity, while s
The Wettstein system, latest version published in 1935, did not use this name although it had an order with a similar circumscription with the name Polycarpicae. This was placed in the Dialypetalae in subclass Choripetalae of class Dicotyledones. (See also Sympetalae). From the above it will be clear that the plants included in this order by APG have always been seen as related. They have always been placed in the order Magnoliales (or a predecessor). The difference is that earlier systems have also included other plants, which have been moved to neighbouring orders (in the magnoliids) by APG. ...
basis of record Thiele, J. (1929-1935). Handbuch der systematischen Weichtierkunde. Jena, Gustav Fischer, 1154 pp. Vol. 1 part 1: 1-376 [between 4 September and 21 October 1929]; Vol. 1 part 2: 377-778 [before 31 October 1931]; Vol. 2 part 3: 779-1022 [before 19 January 1934]; Vol. 2 part 4: i-iv, 1023-1154, i-vi for volume 1 [before 27 March 1935]. Dates from Bieler, R. & Boss, K. J. (1989), Nemouria, 34. [details] ...
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Sparsentan (RE-021) is a highly potent dual angiotensin II and endothelin A receptor antagonist with Kis of 0.8 and 9.3 nM, respectively ...
Xylopia langsdorfiana A. St.-Hil. &Tul. (Annonaceae) is popularly known in the northeast of Brazil as pimenteira da terra, and an essential oil (XL-OE) was extracted from its leaves. Since Xylopia species are cited in folk medicine and diterpenes from X. langsdorfiana have spasmolytic activity, this study aimed to investigate a possible spasmolytic action of XL-OE on smooth muscle models. XL-OE (243 and 729g/mL) showed low pharmacologic efficacy on guinea pig trachea and rat aorta and uterus. However, in guinea pig ileum, XL-OE (27-729g/mL) inhibited carbachol or histamine-induced phasic contractions (1M) in a significant and concentration-dependent manner. in addition, XL-OE (81g/mL) reduced fluorescence intensity in ileal myocytes stimulated by histamine, indicating a decrease in cytosolic calcium concentration, which could explain the spasmolytic activity. Thus, XL-OE proved to be a promising natural product to be used in gastrointestinal diseases acting by modulating the cytosolic calcium ...
Figure 1. Aporphine and tetrahydroprotoberberine alkaloids isolated from the leaves of Guatteria friesiana (Annonaceae).. Experimental. General. UV spectra were obtained in CH3OH on an Agilent HP 8453 UV-Vis spectrophotometer. IR spectra were acquired in KBr pellets on a BIORAD FTS-3500 GX spectrophotometer. Optical rotations were measured in CHCl3 or MeOH solutions at room temperature on a Rudolph Research Autopol III automatic polarimeter. Circular dichroism analyses were measured in MeOH on a JASCO J-720 spectropolarimeter. 1D and 2D NMR experiments were acquired in CDCl3, CDCl3 + drops of CD3OD, or CD3OD at 293 K on a Bruker AVANCE 400 NMR spectrometer operating at 9.4 T, observing 1H and 13C at 400 and 100 MHz, respectively. The spectrometer was equipped with a 5 mm multinuclear direct detection probe with z-gradient. One-bond (HSQC) and long-range (HMBC) 1H-13C NMR correlation experiments were optimized for average coupling constants 1J(C,H) and LRJ(C,H) of 140 and 8 Hz, respectively. All ...
Fever is a complex physiological response triggered by infectious or aseptic stimuli. The present investigation was carried out to study the antipyretic activity of Polyalthia longifolia extracts in Wistar rats against Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) -induced pyrexia. P. longifolia Benth. & Hook. f. var. Pendula (Annonaceae) is an evergreen tropical tree well known for its numerous medicinal proper-ties. Methanol extracts of the leaves, stem bark and root of the plant were tested for their antipyret-ic activities at doses of 30, 100 and 300 mg kg-1 body weight using LPS-induced antipyretic activity model. All extracts showed significant (p , 0.001) dose-dependent antipyretic activity. At 300 mg kg-1, all extracts exhibited activities higher than that of Acetylsalicyclic acid (Aspirin) whose per-centage inhibition of pyrexia was 86%. The root extract was the most active with a percentage inhi-bition of 127.5%, followed by the leaf extract (123.0%) and the stem bark extract (99.2%). This study proves P. ...
Abstract: Annonaceous acetogenins are waxy substances consisting of C32 or C34 long chain fatty acids which have been combined with a propan-2-ol unit at C-2 to form a gama-lactone. They are only found in several genera of the plant family, Annonaceae. Their diverse bioactivities as antitumour, immunosuppressive, pesticidal, antiprotozoal, antifeedant, anthelmintic and antimicrobial agents have attracted more and more interest worldwide. Recently, we reported that the Annonaceous acetogenins can selectively inhibit the growth of cancerous cells and also inhibit the growth of adriamycin resistant tumour cells. As more acetogenins have been isolated and additional cytotoxicity assays have been conducted, we have noticed that, al(hough most acetogenins have high potencies among several solid human tumour cells lines, some of the derivatives within the different structural types and some positional isomers show remarkable selectivities among certain cell lines, e.g. against prostate cancer ...
Xylopia aethiopica, a plant found throughout West Africa, has both nutritional and medicinal uses. The present study aims to characterize the effects of extracts of this plant on cancer cells. We report that X. aethiopica extract prepared with 70% ethanol has antiproliferative activity against a panel of cancer cell lines. The IC50 was estimated at 12 μg/ml against HCT116 colon cancer cells, 7.5 μg/ml and | 25 μg/ml against U937 and KG1a leukemia cells, respectively. Upon fractionation of the extract by HPLC, the active fraction induced DNA damage, cell cycle arrest in G1 phase and apoptotic cell death. By using NMR and mass spectrometry, we determined the structure of the active natural product in the HPLC fraction as ent-15-oxokaur-16-en-19-oic acid. The main cytotoxic and DNA-damaging compound in ethanolic extracts of Xylopia aethiopica is ent-15-oxokaur-16-en-19-oic acid.
Annona reticulatais a small deciduous or semi-ever green tree in the plant family Annonaceae. It is best known for its fruit, called custard-apple. Plant pacifies vitiated pitta, constipation, burning sensation, anemia, vomiting, cough, malignancy and general tonic. Root decoction is a powerful purgative. Powdered seed kills body and hair lice on external application.
After soaking the Chinese Tree Peonies from Ali Express, some of them started to look promising. As you can see below on the tree peonies with long stems and short roots, after soaking them in water I started to notice some white or light colored nodules on the sides of the tree peony stems. These may turn into growth nodules, from which roots or stems may be generated in the spring. Also I figured out which tree peonies these are supposed to be. The one tree peony with a short stem and long roots is supposed to be the blue tree peony I ordered. The other 5 tree peonies with long stems and short roots were 2 yellow/orange tree peonies and the other 3 were the ones that were supposed to be the Ali Express Chinese Tree Peonies $5.52 for 3!. I had ordered 3 sets of 3 of these peonies. So I should have gotten 9 of those tree peonies, but they only sent 3. So I opened a dispute with Ali Express for that particular order ...
Looking for online definition of fasciculus uncinatus in the Medical Dictionary? fasciculus uncinatus explanation free. What is fasciculus uncinatus? Meaning of fasciculus uncinatus medical term. What does fasciculus uncinatus mean?
This study aims to investigate the effect of xylopia aethiopica on the sexual behavior of adult male rats. Fort eight adult male wistar rats were used for the study. They were randomly divided into four groups of 6 animals each: group 1 was control, while groups 2, 3 and 4 were test groups treated daily with 0.5, 2 and 10 mg/kg body weight respectively of hydro-methanolic fruit extract of xylopia aethiopice for 30 consecutive days followed by 30 days recovery. Mating test was performed on six animals from each group on days 30 and 60 of the study. Also, 6 animals were sacrificed from each group and blood collected for serum testosterone assay on 31st and 61st days of the study. Results show significant (P|0.05) dose dependent increase in ejaculation latency (EL), and post ejaculatory interval (PEI) with significant decrease (P|0.05) in ejaculation frequency (EF) and in serum testosterone levels in rats in all the test groups. We conclude that xylopia aethiopice enhances copulatory performance without
Annona muricata, called soursop due to the sweet and sour flavor of the large fruit, is a lowland tropical fruit-bearing tree in the Annonaceae family
1. Plant name. Local name : Nongko sabrang (Java). 2. Plant classification. Family : Annonaceae. 3. Plant description. Sirsak (Soursop) is a plant that approximately 8 metres height. Woody brown stems, rounded and branched. The leaves are like eggor lancet-shaped, pointed tip, flat edge,base tapered, pinnate frame,branch lengthof 5 mm, yellowish green. Flowers liein the stems or branches,small leaves petal, withish yellow, many stamens haired. The fruit is not true fruit. The real fruit is the aggregate of many fruits with single seed and lose mutually coincident boundaries between pieces. The fruitflesh of Soursop is white and have black seeds. The rootsare brown, round, and taproot (Syamsuhidayat dan Hutapea, 1991).. 4. Habitat and Distribution. Widely spreaded in Indonesia. 5. Chemical constituents and pharmacology effect. Soursop leaves contain acetogenin compound, essential oil, reticuline, loreximine, coclaurine, annomurine,higenamine. Soursop fruits contain a lot of carbohydrate, ...
Annonaceous acetogenins are waxy substances consisting of C32 or C34 long chain fatty acids which have been combined with a propan-2-ol unit at C-2 to form a gama-lactone. They are only found in several genera of the plant family, Annonaceae. Their d ...
When the opening of the anther of the androecium occurs in the entire extension of the septum that divides the sacks pollen, which occurs more frequently, there is talk of longitudinal dehiscence. In the Lachemilla and the Hippocratea, on the other hand, the so-called transverse dehiscence.. These are not the only two possibilities of dehiscence in the androecium, but there are others that are characterized by a location in limited regions, which arise as windows or valves; is the case of the poricidal dehiscence, in which there is no tissue endothecium and therefore the exit of the pollen is carried out by means of the rupture of the tissue of the upper end of the anther and the formation of specific pores for this task.. The number of stamens in the androecium is highly variable: in some cases it can be only one, as in some Euphorbiaceae; the Oleaceae, for their part, they have two; in the Myrtaceae, several are appreciated. Taking these examples into account, the names given to the flowers ...
Magnolias floral shoot, with its uniquely rich and diverse phyllotaxis, has been modeled with application of a special program based on geometric model of phyllotaxis. First survey of phyllotactic diversity obtained in the library of 1200 computer simulations proved that, besides the most common main Fibonacci, also other patterns, frequently encountered in nature, such as Lucas and bijugy, are readily formed. This is a part of extensive studies aimed to elucidate the mechanism of phyllotactic fingerprint - the species or genet specific pattern of phyllotactic diversity, first in magnolia flowers and then in other plant structures and taxa ...
Pure compound screening has identified the dioxothiazino-quinoline-quinone ascidian metabolite ascidiathiazone A (2) to be a moderate growth inhibitor of Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense (IC50 3.1 μM) and Plasmodium falciparum (K1 dual drug resistant strain) (IC50 3.3 μM) while exhibiting low levels of cytotoxicity (L6, IC50 167 μM). A series of C-7 amide and Δ2(3) analogues were prepared that explored the influence of lipophilicity and oxidation state on observed anti-protozoal activity and selectivity. Little variation in anti-malarial potency was observed (IC50 0.62-6.5 μM), and no correlation was apparent between anti-malarial and anti-T. brucei activity. Phenethylamide 7e and Δ2(3)-glycine analogue 8k exhibited similar anti-Pf activity to 2 but with slightly enhanced selectivity (SI 72 and 93, respectively), while Δ2(3)-phenethylamide 8e (IC50 0.67 μM, SI 78) exhibited improved potency and selectivity towards T. brucei rhodesiense compared to the natural product hit. A second series of
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The Amazonian floodplains harbor highly diverse wetland forests, with angiosperms adapted to survive extreme floods and droughts. About 14% of the Amazon Basin is covered by floodplains, which are fundamental to river productivity, biogeochemical cycling and trophic flow, and have been subject to human occupation since Pre-Colombian times. The botanical knowledge about these forests is still incomplete, and current forest degradation rates are much higher than the rate of new botanical surveys. Herein we report the results of three years of botanical surveys in floodplain forests of the Central Amazon. This checklist contains 432 tree species comprising 193 genera and 57 families. The most represented families are Fabaceae, Myrtaceae, Lauraceae, Sapotaceae, Annonaceae, and Moraceae representing 53% of the identified species. This checklist also documents the occurrence of approximately 236 species that have been rarely recorded as occurring in white-water floodplain forests.
Read about the exotic fruit called sugar Apple (Hanun scaly) or on the Thai - Noi Na. How to eat, useful properties and calorie content. Also the damage from overeating noinah.. Custard Apple or Sugar Apple (lat. apopa squamosa) is a deciduous fruit tree of the family Andonova (Annonaceae). Thai name - Noi Na (noinah). In India it is called sharifa, in China - fan-li-chi, ati in Brazil. In Russia the fruit is known as the hand of the flake (from lat. name of the species) or creamy apples.. The exact origin of this plant is unknown. Presumably, like many of appease, noina was born in South America. And today the sugar Apple is widely cultivated in South and Central America, the Caribbean Islands, in Thailand. In India sugar Apple brought the Portuguese in the late 16th century. At that time it was already grown in Indonesia and widely distributed in southern China, Polynesia, Australia, Tropical Africa, the lowlands of Palestine, in Egypt and in the Hawaiian Islands. In addition, this fruit ...
Worked for: officers & naturalists G. H. Kendrick Thwaites & Henry Trimen (1843-1896) ; Sir William Henry Gregory ; Frederic C. Moore: The Lepidoptera of Ceylon (London 1880-87) ; L. G. O. Woodhouse & George Morrison Reid Henry: Butterfly Fauna of Ceylon (1942) ; K. F. & P. B. Sarasin: Forschungen auf Ceylon (1887-1907) ; George Kings monographs of Myristicaceae (1890) & Annonaceae (1893) ; Icones Plantarum Indiae orientalis & Flora sylvatica for southern India (both 1869-74) ; ...
SciDevNet reports that Thai officials have suspended a regulation requiring plant breeders to obtain government permission before using wild plant varieties and certain domesticated varieties in the production of commercial plant varieties, and to share with the government the benefits of using those resources. Plant breeders force rethink of Thai seed law. According to the article, the regulation-inspired by the Convention on Biological Diversity-entered into legal effect in January 2011, and the national department of agriculture was scheduled to begin enforcing it two months ago. However, plant breeders objected to its breadth and demanded that the term general domestic variety in the regulation be redefined to include only varieties of Thai origin. The president of the Thai Seed Trade Association reportedly told SciDevNet that the regulation is like a time bomb for the countrys private plant breeders, destroying their rights over new varieties, because plants kept by private breeders ...
Shui Furong Crown to globular form, peach red. Cultivated in Ningwo Village, Lanzhou. It is also called Ruanzhi Hong. [detailed description available on page 119]. ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Insights into the molecular interaction between two polyoxygenated cinnamoylcoumarin derivatives and human serum albumin. AU - Khammari, Anahita. AU - Saboury, Ali Akbar. AU - Karimi-Jafari, Mohammad Hossein. AU - Khoobi, Mehdi. AU - Ghasemi, Atiyeh. AU - Yousefinejad, Saeed. AU - Abou-Zied, Osama K.. PY - 2017. Y1 - 2017. N2 - Ligand binding studies on human serum albumin (HSA) are crucial in determining the pharmacological properties of drug candidates. Here, two representatives of coumarin-chalcone hybrids were selected and their binding mechanism was identified via thermodynamics techniques, curve resolution analysis and computational methods at molecular levels. The binding parameters were derived using spectroscopic approaches and the results point to only one pocket located near the Trp214 residue in subdomain IIA of HSA. The protein tertiary structure was altered during ligand binding and formed an intermediate structure to create stronger ligand binding interactions. The ...
Ranunculus uncinatus, a dicot, is an annual or perennial herb that is native to California and is also found elsewhere in North America and beyond. ...
1E26: Ligand-Induced Conformational Changes in the Crystal Structures of Pneumocystis Carinii Dihydrofolate Reductase Complexes with Folate and Nadp+
FEN, WONG WON (2015) (6E, 10E) Isopolycerasoidol and (6E, 10E) Isopolycerasoidol Methyl Ester, Prenylated Benzopyran Derivatives from Pseuduvaria monticola Induce Mitochondrial-Mediated Apoptosis in Human Breast Adenocarcinoma Cells. Plos One, 10. FEN, WONG WON (2015) EEG is sensitive in early diagnosis of anti NMDAR encephalitis and useful in monitoring disease progress. Neurology Asia, 20. FEN, WONG WON (2015) Genome-Wide Transcription Study of Cryptococcus neoformans H99 Clinical Strain versus Environmental Strains. Plos One, 10. FEN, WONG WON (2015) In Vitro and In Vivo Toxicity Profiling of Ammonium-Based Deep Eutectic Solvents. Plos One, 10. FEN, WONG WON (2015) Preparation of graphene oxide/dendrimer hybrid carriers for delivery of doxorubicin. Chemical Engineering Journal, 281. FEN, WONG WON (2015) Prevalence, antimicrobial susceptibility and virulotyping of Listeria species and Listeria monocytogenes isolated from open-air fish markets. Bmc Microbiology, 15. FEN, WONG WON (2015) ...
FAH, YAP LEE (2015) (6E,10E) Isopolycerasoidol and (6E,10E) Isopolycerasoidol methyl ester, prenylated benzopyran derivatives from Pseuduvaria monticola induce mitochondrial-mediated apoptosis in human breast adenocarcinoma cells. PLoS One, 10. FAH, YAP LEE (2015) Identification of four-jointed box 1 (FJX1)-specific peptides for immunotherapy of nasopharyngeal carcinoma. Plos One. FAH, YAP LEE (2015) The identification of novel Mycobacterium tuberculosis DHFR inhibitors and the investigation of their binding preferences by using molecular modelling. Scientific Reports, 5. p. 15328. FAH, YAP LEE (2015) The antineoplastic properties of FTY720: Evidence for the repurposing of fingolimod. Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine. FAH, YAP LEE (2015) The opposing roles of NOTCH signalling in head and neck cancer: a mini review. Oral Diseases. FAH, YAP LEE (2014) Epstein-Barr Virus, the germinal centre and the development of Hodgkins Lymphoma. Journal of General Virology. FAH, YAP LEE (2014) HLA-A ...
Xylopic acid was isolated from the dried fruits of Xylopia aethiopica, crystalized and characterized. The isolate was used to synthesize five novel derivatives of xylopic acid and these have been sufficiently characterized. The structure of derivatives was related to the observed trend in terms of antimicrobial activity. Base catalyzed ester formation was employed in the synthesis of the esters while direct coupling with HBTU was employed in the synthesis of the amide derivative. Deacetylation of xylopic acid was achieved by refluxing xylopic acid with 10% methanolic KOH. The structures of the derivatives were confirmed using 1H NMR, mass spectrometry and IR spectroscopy. The broth dilution method was employed in the antimicrobial assay. All the synthesized derivatives were more active than xylopic acid against the microorganisms tested (Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pyrogenes, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Candida albicans). The ester derivatives were most active with MICs ...
Opposition lawmakers have lambasted moves by the new constituent assembly to oust the legislature. But the assemblys president said theyre moving into the legislative palace by complying with laws of the republic.
Aporphines are a group of tetracyclic alkaloids that belong to the ubiquitous tetrahydroisoquinoline family. The aporphine template is known to be associated with a range of biological activities. Aporphines have been explored as antioxidants, anti-tuberculosis, antimicrobial and anticancer agents. Within the Central Nervous Systems (CNS), aporphine alkaloids are known to possess high affinity for several clinically valuable targets including dopamine receptors (predominantly D1 and D2), serotonin receptors (5-HT1A and 5-HT7) and α adrenergic receptors. Aporphines are also inhibitors of the acetylcholinesterase enzyme - a clinical target for the treatment of Alzheimers disease. Considering the diverse profile of aporphine alkaloids at CNS receptors they can be considered as
Camptothecin, an extract of the Chinese tree Camptotheca acuminata, is a potent inhibitor of topoisomerase I, a molecule required for DNA synthesis. Camptothecin has been shown to induce apoptosis in a dose-dependent manner in vitro. Camptothecin is routinely used as a general method for inducing apoptosis.. ...
PubMed journal article: Modulation of inflammatory pathways, medicinal uses and toxicities of Uvaria species: potential role in the prevention and treatment of inflammation. Download Prime PubMed App to iPhone, iPad, or Android
We have built a new isonucleoside derivative on a 2,6-dioxobicyclo[3.2.0]heptane skeleton as a potential anti-HIV agent. To synthesize the target compound, an acetal-protected dihydroxyacetone was first converted to a 2,3-epoxy-tetrahydrofuran derivative. Introduction of an azide group, followed by the formation of an oxetane ring, gave a pseudosugar derivative with a 2,6-dioxobicyclo[3.2.0]heptane skeleton. The desired isonucleoside was obtained by constructing a purine base moiety on the scaffold, followed by amination.
We report a case of primary sarcoma of the skin with a biphasic histological pattern, being composed of areas of mixed mesenchymal-epithelial cell proliferation and areas of purely sarcomatous growth. The tumor occurred in the posterior cervical region of a 93-year-old man, and its history was marked by sudden, rapid enlargement after many years of stable duration. The excised lesion was about 4 cm in diameter, had a firm consistency and was covered by intact skin. Histological examination showed a multifocal proliferation of follicular germinative cells arranged in corymbiform and petaloid shapes with an overall retiform growth pattern. Epithelial cords and strands were composed of cytologically uniform cells with bland nuclear features and were surrounded by a prominent, fibroblast-rich stroma reminiscent of a perifollicular sheath. In many areas of the tumor the stroma showed abrupt transition into a pleomorphic proliferation of large sarcomatous cells with frequent and often atypical ...
1.The upper part of thalamus may be disc shaped, cup-shaped or flask-shaped. 2.Calyx, corolla and androecium arise from around the ovary and not beneath it. 3.Ovary is half-superior/half-inferior. 4.The ovary is placed at the bottom of cup or flask-shaped thalamus. Ovary wall is not fused with the thalamus. 5.Calyx, corolla and androecium often develop from …. Read more ...
JungleSeeds provides tropical seeds, exotic seeds and exotic vegetable seed by mail order. An unusual selection of tropical, semi hardy and hardy varieties to wet your appetite.
As a member of the wwPDB, the RCSB PDB curates and annotates PDB data according to agreed upon standards. The RCSB PDB also provides a variety of tools and resources. Users can perform simple and advanced searches based on annotations relating to sequence, structure and function. These molecules are visualized, downloaded, and analyzed by users who range from students to specialized scientists.
BEZ235 (NVP-BEZ235) is a potent dual PI3K and mTOR inhibitor of p110α, p110γ, p110δ and p110β with IC50 of 4 nM, 5 nM, 7 nM and 75 nM, respectively. Buy PI3K inhibitor BEZ235 (NVP-BEZ235, Dactolisib) from AbMole BioScience.
A series of novel C33-C35 hexacyclic benzohopanes (C33b-C35b) were identified in 39 samples of coal extracts and 39 crude oils of different ages from all over the world. C33b and C34b homologues were isolated, and their structures were determined by nuclear magnetic resonance. The structure of C35b benzohopane was proposed based on the mass spectrum and its similarity with the mass spectra of structurally defined C33b and C34b homologues. The structures of the C33b-C35b hexacyclic benzohopanes are closely related to isohopanes; both groups are typical for terrestrial organic matter and can be useful in the correlation analysis. A possible pathway of formation of these novel benzohopanes and their hopanoid precursors with an additional branch in the aliphatic side chain is proposed. C33b-C35b hexacyclic benzohopanes are stable up to the maturity level corresponding to random vitrinite reflectance (Rr) of ∼0.80%, which was demonstrated by analyzing the samples of different maturity and by the ...
A series of novel C33-C35 hexacyclic benzohopanes (C33b-C35b) were identified in 39 samples of coal extracts and 39 crude oils of different ages from all over the world. C33b and C34b homologues were isolated, and their structures were determined by nuclear magnetic resonance. The structure of C35b benzohopane was proposed based on the mass spectrum and its similarity with the mass spectra of structurally defined C33b and C34b homologues. The structures of the C33b-C35b hexacyclic benzohopanes are closely related to isohopanes; both groups are typical for terrestrial organic matter and can be useful in the correlation analysis. A possible pathway of formation of these novel benzohopanes and their hopanoid precursors with an additional branch in the aliphatic side chain is proposed. C33b-C35b hexacyclic benzohopanes are stable up to the maturity level corresponding to random vitrinite reflectance (Rr) of ∼0.80%, which was demonstrated by analyzing the samples of different maturity and by the ...
This plant had been used by the local people to treatment several human diseases from time immemorial, in view of this, i wish to investigate some of it medicinal activities but needs collaboration in terms of facilities. Hope to you soon ...
Hosagoudar, V. B., G. Rajkumar, C. K. Biju & T. K. Abraham. Amazonia goniothalami sp. nov. and some additional records of fungi on Goniothalamus wightii from India. Mycotaxon 77: 431-433. 2001.. ABSTRACT: An endemic plant, Goniothalamus wightii, was infected with four fungi. Of these, Amazonia gonioithalami was found to be an undescribed species; Trichasterina goniothalami is reported here in a new locality. Spiropes dorycarpus and S. guareicola are hyperparasites on these two fungi.. KEYWORDS: Amazonia, Trichasterina, Hyperparasites. NOMENCLATURAL NOVELTIES ...
The history wall, which charts milestones in the life of the Royal Free, was opened by James Sandwith who brought along the key for the building in Grays Inn Road which was the Royal Frees original home.. The Royal Free has always provided healthcare free of charge and so is a precursor to the NHS, founded 120 years later.. Dominic Dodd, the chairman of the trust, said: Its fair to say that Marsden would be amazed at the breadth and scale of services offered by the Royal Free today. The original hospital treated 900 patients a year - we are likely to treat more than 1.5million this year.. What he would recognise, though - which you can read more about in this display - is the pioneering spirit shown by many Royal Free clinicians in their efforts to do the best for their patients, whether through research, clinical care or the teaching of the clinicians of tomorrow. The history wall, which was funded by the Royal Free Charity, is located on the ground floor of the Royal Free Hospital and ...
ഇവയുടെ ഇലകൾ ഏകാന്തരന്യാസത്തിൽ (alternate or spiral phyllotaxis) ക്രമീകരിക്കപ്പെട്ടതും മിക്കപ്പോഴും സംയുക്ത പത്രങ്ങളോടു കൂടിയവയുമാണ്. ഇലകളിലെ സിരാവിന്യാസം ജാലികാസിരാവിന്യാസമാണ്. ഇവയ്ക്ക് പത്രവൃന്തത്തിന്റെ അടിയിലായി ഉപപർണ്ണങ്ങൾ ഉണ്ടാകാറില്ല. ഇരുട്ടിൽ ഈ കുടംബത്തിലെ മിക്ക സസ്യങ്ങളുടേയും ഇലകൾ നിദ്രാവസ്ഥയിലേക്ക് പോകാറുണ്ട്. പത്രവൃന്തത്തിന്റെ അടിയിലായി കാണപ്പെടുന്ന പൾവീനസ്(Pulvinus-ഇലകളുടെ ...
Ware Twigloo Large. Give your small animal something to really chew on! The Ware Twigloo is an all natural twig bungalow your animal can safely nibble on.
... is a species of plant in the family Annonaceae. It is native to Malawi and Mozambique. Daniel Oliver, the ... Robson, N.K.B. (1960). "Annonaceae". In Exell, A.W.; Wild, H. (eds.). Flora Zambesiaca. London: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. ... a diverse group of five African Annonaceae genera". Grana. 47 (3): 185-210. doi:10.1080/00173130802256913. ISSN 0017-3134. v t ...
"Result set for: Annonaceae Annona montana". New World Fruits Database. Retrieved 2008-04-18.[dead link] Morton, Julia F (1999- ... Annona montana, the mountain soursop, is an edible fruit in the Annonaceae family native to Central America, the Amazon, and ... Tsou, C.-H.; Fu, Y.-L. (2002). "Tetrad pollen formation in Annona (Annonaceae): proexine formation andbinding mechanism". ... ISBN 976-640-127-6. Llamas, Kirsten Albrecht (2003). "Annonaceae". Tropical Flowering Plants: A Guide to Identification and ...
... is a species of plant in the family Annonaceae. It is native to Eswatini, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, South ... Robson, N.K.B. (1960). "Annonaceae". In Exell, A.W.; Wild, H. (eds.). Flora Zambesiaca. London: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. ... Couvreur, Thomas L. P. (2009). "Monograph of the Syncarpous African Genera Isolona and Monodora (Annonaceae)". Systematic ...
Annonaceae. En Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica. Missouri Botanical Garden- Instituto Nacional de Biodiversidad- Museo Nacional ... Sapranthus palanga, commonly known as palanca, is a species of cauliflorous tree in the family Annonaceae, native to the ... Schatz 2018 Schatz, G.E (2018): Revision of the Neotropical genus Sapranthus (Annonaceae) PDF fulltext Zamora, N.1999. ...
It belongs to the genus Asimina in the same plant family (the Annonaceae) as the custard-apple, cherimoya, sweetsop, ylang- ... Robert Kral (1997). "Annonaceae". In Flora of North America Editorial Committee (ed.). Magnoliophyta: Magnoliidae and ... Walker JW (1971) Pollen Morphology, Phytogeography, and Phylogeny of the Annonaceae. Contributions from the Gray Herbarium of ... Annonaceae)". Contact Dermatitis. 29 (1): 33-5. doi:10.1111/j.1600-0536.1993.tb04533.x. PMID 8365150. S2CID 41590523. ...
... is a species of plant in the family Annonaceae. It is native to the Brazil, Colombia and Venezuela. William Edwin ... Walker, James W. (1971). "Pollen Morphology, Phytogeography, and Phylogeny of the Annonaceae". Contributions from the Gray ... Annonaceae". Revista Brasileira de Farmacognosia. 19 (4): 871-875. doi:10.1590/S0102-695X2009000600013. ISSN 0102-695X. Annona ...
Annonaceae); 3.4% Annona sp. (Annonaceae); 2.4% unidentified; 2.0% unidentified; Guatteria sp. (Annonaceae); 1.9% Duguetia sp ... Annonaceae). Palacios & Rodríguez and Palacios et al. identified 62 species from 32 plant familias in the diet of a study group ... Convolvulaceae); Jessenia bataua (Arecaceae); Psychotrian axillaris (Rubiaceae); Guatteria elata (Annonaceae); Virola sp. ( ... Annonaceae (4.19%); Cecropiaceae (4.03%); Araceae (1.95%); Elaeocarpaceae (1.78%); Dilleniaceae (1.69%), Combretaceae (1.17%), ...
... is a species of pawpaw (genus Asimina, family Annonaceae). It is a shrub that grows to a height of 1.5 metres (4 ... Robert Kral (1997). "Annonaceae". In Flora of North America Editorial Committee (ed.). Magnoliophyta: Magnoliidae and ... ISBN 978-0-19-511246-7. Walker JW (1971) Pollen Morphology, Phytogeography, and Phylogeny of the Annonaceae. Contributions from ...
... may also be the name of some similar fruits produced by related trees: Annonaceae, the soursop family. Asimina ... "Annonaceae". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 18 March 2008. "Custard-apple". TheFreeDictionary.com. "Pawpaw ...
Robson, Norman (1960). "Annonaceae". Flora Zambesiaca. 1. London: Published on behalf of the Govt. of Portugal, the Federation ... Annona stenophylla is a species of plant in the family Annonaceae. It is native to Tanzania and Zambia. Adolf Engler and Ludwig ... Walker, James W. (1971). "Pollen Morphology, Phytogeography, and Phylogeny of the Annonaceae". Contributions from the Gray ...
... is a species of plant in the family Annonaceae. It is native to Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, French Guiana, Peru ... Annonaceae)". Molecules. 16 (11): 9714-9720. doi:10.3390/molecules16119714. ISSN 1420-3049. PMC 6264547. PMID 22113579. Annona ... Walker, James W. (1971). "Pollen Morphology, Phytogeography, and Phylogeny of the Annonaceae". Contributions from the Gray ... "A polinização e sua relação com a termogênese em espécies de Arecaceae e Annonaceae da Amazônia Central" [Pollination and its ...
... (from Taíno annon) is a genus of flowering plants in the pawpaw/sugar apple family, Annonaceae. It is the second largest ... The compound annonacin and dozens of other acetogenins contained in the seeds and fruit of some members of Annonaceae such as ... Media related to Annona at Wikimedia Commons Data related to Annona at Wikispecies Type Collections of Neotropical Annonaceae ... ISBN 978-0-8493-2332-4. Warrington, Ian J. Warrington (2003). "Annonaceae". Apples: Botany, Production and Uses. CABI ...
Annonaceae)". Revista Brasileira de Farmacognosia. 15 (2): 115-118. doi:10.1590/S0102-695X2005000200008. ISSN 0102-695X. v t e ... Fusaea longifolia is a species of plant in the family Annonaceae. It is native to Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, ... Walker, James W. (1971). "Pollen Morphology, Phytogeography, and Phylogeny of the Annonaceae". Contributions from the Gray ... Annonaceae)". Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology. 83 (1-3): 55-64. doi:10.1016/0034-6667(94)90057-4. ISSN 0034-6667. Tavares ...
family ANNONACEAE]". Global Plants. JSTOR. Retrieved 2019-09-05. "Annona cherimola Mill. [family ANNONACEAE]". Global Plants. ... Annonaceae). Implications for the evolution of aggregated pollen". BMC Plant Biology. 9 (1): 129. doi:10.1186/1471-2229-9-129. ... "Result set for: Annonaceae Annona cherimola". New World Fruits Database. Retrieved 2008-04-17.[dead link] Natural Resources ... Like other members of the family Annonaceae, the entire plant contains small amounts of neurotoxic acetogenins, such as ...
... is a small deciduous or semi-evergreen tree in the plant family Annonaceae and part of the Annonas group. It ... "Result set for: Annonaceae Annona reticulata". New World Fruits Database. Retrieved 16 April 2008. CS1 maint: discouraged ... family Annonaceae]". Global Plants. JSTOR. Retrieved 5 September 2019. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Bioversity ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Walker JW (1971) Pollen Morphology, Phytogeography, and Phylogeny of the Annonaceae. ...
Annonaceae Juss., nom. cons. Laurales Juss. ex Bercht. & J.Presl Calycanthaceae Lindl., nom. cons. Siparunaceae Schodde ...
... is a small tree in the plant family Annonaceae which is endemic to Trinidad and Tobago. The species is only ... Westra; Lars W. Chatrou (2003). "Duguetia (Annonaceae)". Flora Neotropica. 88: 1-274. Van den Eynden, Veerle; Michael P. Oatham ...
family ANNONACEAE]". Global Plants. ITHAKA. Retrieved April 9, 2019. Couvreur, Thomas L. P.; Botermans, Marleen; van Heuven, ... Monodora grandidieri is a species of plant in the family Annonaceae. It is native to Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Somalia, and ... a diverse group of five African Annonaceae genera". Grana. 47 (3): 185-210. doi:10.1080/00173130802256913. ISSN 0017-3134. v t ...
... is an evergreen, aromatic tree, of the Annonaceae family that can grow up to 20m high. It is a native to the ... family ANNONACEAE. The useful plants of west tropical Africa, Vol 1. JSTOR. Retrieved 1 January 2013. Mitani, M. 1999. Does ... family ANNONACEAE". Flora Zambesiaca. JSTOR. Retrieved 1 January 2013. BBC Afrique (15 August 2012). "Café Touba, du bonheur ...
... is a genus of trees and shrubs in the plant family Annonaceae with approximately 90 species in central and South ... Westra; Lars W. Chatrou (2003). "Duguetia (Annonaceae)". Flora Neotropica. 88: 1-274.. ...
Annonaceae (1); Musaceae (1); Apocynaceae (1); Orchidaceae (1); Araceae (1); Rubiaceae (1); Bignoriaceae (1). In terms of ...
Li, N.; Shi, Z.; Tang, Y.; Chen, J.; Li, X. (2008). "Recent Progress on the Total Synthesis of Acetogenins from Annonaceae" ( ... Le Ven, J.; Schmitz-Afonso, I.; Touboul, D.; Buisson, D.; Akagah, B.; Cresteil, T.; Lewin, G.; Champy, P. (2011). "Annonaceae ... Acetogenins are a class of polyketide natural products found in plants of the family Annonaceae. They are characterized by ... Liaw, Chih-Chuang; Liou, Jing-Ru; Wu, Tung-Ying; Chang, Fang-Rong; Wu, Yang-Chang (2016). Acetogenins from Annonaceae. Progress ...
... is a species of plant in the family Annonaceae. It is native to Brazil. João Barbosa Rodrigues, the Brazilian ... Annonaceae) in Brazil". Plant Systematics and Evolution. 167 (3-4): 165-187. doi:10.1007/BF00936404. ISSN 0378-2697. Teixeira, ... Walker, James W. (1971). "Pollen Morphology, Phytogeography, and Phylogeny of the Annonaceae". Contributions from the Gray ...
... is a species of plant in the family Annonaceae. It is native to Bolivia, Brazil and Paraguay. Augustin Saint- ... Annonaceae) in Brazil". Plant Systematics and Evolution. 167 (3-4): 165-187. doi:10.1007/BF00936404. ISSN 0378-2697. Vega, ... Walker, James W. (1971). "Pollen Morphology, Phytogeography, and Phylogeny of the Annonaceae". Contributions from the Gray ...
Diels [family ANNONACEAE]". Global Plants. ITHAKA. Retrieved April 15, 2019. Couvreur, Thomas L. P. (2009). "Monograph of the ... Monodora minor is a species of plant in the family Annonaceae. It is native to Mozambique and Tanzania. Heinrich Gustav Adolf ... Syncarpous African Genera Isolona and Monodora (Annonaceae)". Systematic Botany Monographs. 87: 1-150. JSTOR 25592354. v t e. ...
Annonaceae order 7. Myristicales family 1. Myristicaceae order 8. Austrobaileyales family 1. Austrobaileyaceae superorder 2. ...
... is a plant in the Annonaceae family. Its leaves have a fragrant smell. It is called Gowrimara in Kannada. ... "Polyalthia fragrans - ANNONACEAE". Biotik.org. Retrieved 2010-12-15. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link). ...
... is a species of plant in the family Annonaceae. It is native to Peninsular Malaysia. Henry Nicholas Ridley, the ... Shao, Yunyun; Xu, Fengxia (2017). "Studies on pollen morphology of selected species of Annonaceae from Thailand". Grana. 57 (3 ... Weerasooriya, Aruna D.; Saunders, Richard M.K. (2010). "Monograph of Mitrephora (Annonaceae)". Systematic Botany Monographs. 90 ...
Goniothalamus (Annonaceae) from Borneo". Nordic Journal of Botany. 26 (5-6.): 329-337. doi:10.1111/j.1756-1051.2008.00359.x. ... Goniothalamus tortilipetalus is a species of plant in the family Annonaceae. It is native to Peninsular Malaysia and Thailand. ... Saunders, Richard M. K. (2003). "A synopsis of Goniothalamus species (Annonaceae) in Peninsular Malaysia, with a description of ... Saunders, Richard M. K.; Chalermglin, Piya (2008). "A synopsis of Goniothalamus species (Annonaceae) in Thailand, with ...
... is a species of plant in the family Annonaceae. It is native to Sulawesi. Friedrich Anton Wilhelm Miquel ... Weerasooriya, Aruna D.; Saunders, Richard M. K. (2010). "Monograph of Mitrephora (Annonaceae)". Systematic Botany Monographs. ...
Media in category "Annonaceae flowers". The following 12 files are in this category, out of 12 total. ... Retrieved from "https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=Category:Annonaceae_flowers&oldid=341000880" ...
AnnonBase-online database for Annonaceae World Annonaceae - a scratchpad for data on species of Annonaceae Annonaceae in BoDD ... The subfamilial and tribal classification is followed in World Annonaceae which presents an overview of all Annonaceae genera ... L.W. (2005-07-29). "Molecular Systematics of Annonaceae". Annonaceae Research Projects. Nationaal Herbarium Nederland. Archived ... The Annonaceae are a family of flowering plants consisting of trees, shrubs, or rarely lianas commonly known as the custard ...
Annonaceae synonyms, Annonaceae pronunciation, Annonaceae translation, English dictionary definition of Annonaceae. Noun 1. ... Annonaceae - chiefly tropical trees or shrubs custard-apple family, family Annonaceae magnoliid dicot family - family of ... Annonaceae. Also found in: Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.. Related to Annonaceae: Annona muricata, Apocynaceae Thesaurus ... Annonaceae - chiefly tropical trees or shrubs custard-apple family, family Annonaceae. magnoliid dicot family - family of ...
Media in category "Close-ups of Annonaceae flowers". The following 10 files are in this category, out of 10 total. ... Category:Close-ups of Annonaceae flowers. From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository ... Retrieved from "https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=Category:Close-ups_of_Annonaceae_flowers&oldid=236683711" ...
... Deciduous shrubs or small trees. Twigs rounded, moderate; pith round, white, continuous, with ...
Annonaceae) from Cambodia and M. astiana, M. ninhbinhensis spp. nov. from Vietnam. - Nordic J. Bot. 32: 298-307. Google Scholar ... J. B. Mols & P. J. A. Keßler 2003b: The genus Miliusa (Annonaceae) in the Austro-Malesian area. - Blumea 48: 421-4621 Google ... T. Chaowasku 2013: Miliusa codonantha (Annonaceae), a new species from the Indian eastern Himalaya, with a new combination, M. ... T. Chaowasku & P. J. A. Keßler 2013: Seven new species of Miliusa (Annonaceae) from Thailand. - Nordic J. Bot. 31: 680-699 ...
Flora Paraibana: Annonaceae Juss By: Pontes,Aline Fernandes - Barbosa,Maria Regina de V. - Maas,Paul J.M. ... Annona contrerasii (Annonaceae), especie nueva del estado de Guerrero, México By: Jiménez Ramirez, Jaime. - Soto-Núñez,José ... Tetrameranthus (Annonaceae) revisited including a new species By: Westra, Lubbert Y.Th. - Maas, Paul J.M. ... Annonaceae) By: Dias,Marilda C. - Castro,Marília de M. - Kinoshita-Gouvêa, Luíza Sumiko. - Semir, João. ...
Annonaceae Jussieu 番荔枝科 Description from Flora of China. Trees, shrubs, or climbers, wood and leaves often aromatic; indument ... Annonaceae. In: Tsiang Ying & Li Ping-tao, eds., Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. 30(2): 10-175.. About 129 genera and over 2,300 ... One of the major studies of the Annonaceae of tropical Asia was by Suzanne Jovet-Ast (1914-2006), who published an account of ...
Magnoliales: Annonaceae), previously assigned to the genus Rollinia, is native to southcentral Brazil (Lobão et al. 2005). It ... Similarly, Annonaceae species have the same fatty acids in their seeds. Egydio & Santos (2011) observed little variation in the ... 2012). Annonaceae species, including A. sylvatica, produce certain fatty acids with insecticidal effects, as reported by ... Annonaceae das restingas do estado do Rio de Janeiro. Rodriguésia 56: 85-96. (In Portuguese) Google Scholar ...
Aporphine and tetrahydroprotoberberine alkaloids from the leaves of Guatteria friesiana (Annonaceae) and their cytotoxic ... A investigação fitoquímica das folhas de Guatteria friesiana (Annonaceae) levou à obtenção de três novos alcaloides ... The genus Guatteria (Ruiz & Pav.) is the largest in the family Annonaceae and comprises approximately 210 recognized species, ... Phytochemical investigation of the leaves of Guatteria friesiana (Annonaceae) afforded three new isoquinoline alkaloids, 13- ...
Antidiabetic Effects of the Ethanolic Root Extract of Uvaria chamae P. Beauv (Annonaceae) in Alloxan-Induced Diabetic Rats: A ...
Annonaceae). Biochem Syst Ecol 46: 162-165.. *Kablan L (2014) Etudes chimique et biologique de plantes issues de la flore de ... Diels) Setten & Maas (Annonaceae). BMC Complement Altern Med 13: 48.. *Loiseau PM, Cojean S, Schrével J (2011) Sitamaquine as a ... et Diels (Annonaceae), Erythrophleum suaveolens (Guill. et Perr.) Brenan (Fabaceae) et Sacoglottis gabonensis Urb. (Humiriac). ... Members of the Annonaceae family and their isolated compounds have demonstrated antiprotozoal activities including ...
Studies on Cleistopholis patens (benth.) [Magnoliales: Annonaceae] powders as fumigant and contact insecticides to Plodia ...
Monograph of Pseuduvaria (Annonaceae). 2006. (Systematic Botany Monographs, 79). 90 figs. (line - drawings). 204 p. gr8vo. ...
Antimicrobial and antileishmanial activity of essential oil from the leaves of Annona foetida (Annonaceae). Overview of ... Antimicrobial and antileishmanial activity of essential oil from the leaves of Annona foetida (Annonaceae) ...
We evaluated the anti-cancer activity of these Annonaceae plants against several human cancer cell lines. The apoptosis ... Foliar flavonoids of Annonaceae from Brazil: taxonomic significance. Phytochemistry. 2000;55(6):567-73.View ArticlePubMedGoogle ... The phytochemicals in the Annonaceae family observed in our study was consistent with that in a previous report [27].. Table 4 ... The Annonaceae is a tropical plant family of trees, shrubs, and lianas. There are 109 validly described and recognized genera ...
Annona muricata L (A. muricata) commonly known as graviola, soursop or corossol, belongs to the Annonaceae family. It is a ... Leboeuf M, Cavé A, Bhaumik PK, Mukherjee B, Mukherjee R: The phytochemistry of the annonaceae. Phytochem. 1982, 21: 2783-2813. ... Antiproliferative activity and induction of apoptosis by Annona muricata (Annonaceae) extract on human cancer cells. ... annonaceae) leaves are potent molluscicides. Nat Prod Res. 2006, 20: 253-257. 10.1080/14786410500161445.View ArticlePubMed ...
Elemental Analysis and Bioactivities of Ripe and Unripe Pericarp of Polyalthia longifolia (Annonaceae) * T R Prashith Kekuda ... Polyalthia longifolia (Annonaceae) is an ornamental street tree having several medicinal values. The plant is used in ...
We sampled 234 Annonaceae species (c. 10% of total) representing 105 (c. 97% of total) genera and all four subfamilies, and ... Annonaceae Supermatrix AlignmentData from: Which frugivory‐related traits facilitated historical long‐distance dispersal in the ... "Functional trait data and GenBank sequences in Annonaceae"). Please note that in the meantime some of the taxonomic names have ... Annonaceae)?. Dryad Digital Repository. https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.2hd8b0s ...
AIM OF THE STUDY: To investigate the antidiarrhoeal properties of the stem-bark extract of Annona senegalensis, using both in vivo and in vitro models. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Swiss albino mice were used to investigate the acute oral toxicity of the extract. The extract was administered orally to mice fed with charcoal meal in order to investigate intestinal transit time. The effect of the extract on contraction of isolated rabbit jejunum and the responses of the tissue to acetylcholine and histamine were also investigated. RESULTS: The extract was safe at doses up to 5000 mg/kg. The extract at the dose of 10 mg/kg significantly (p , 0.05) decreased intestinal transit time at concentrations of 0.2-3.2 mg/ml, the extract attenuated spontaneous contractions of the isolated rabbit jejunum, and those induced by acetylcholine in a concentration-dependent fashion. CONCLUSION: The extract decreased intestinal transit time by attenuating the spontaneous contractions of the intestine, thus the study ...
Annonaceae) is reconstructed, with 27 (of ca. 50) species included, using a combination of seven plastid markers (rbcL exon, ... Determina??o da atividade citotóxica a artemia de extratos de Annonaceae. Newly Recorded Species of Annonaceae from Some ... Keywords: Annonaceae , Buton Island , identification key , Papua New Guinea , molecular phylogeny Full-Text Cite this paper Add ... Miliusa bannaensis, a new species of the Annonaceae from China. 中国野独活属(番荔枝科)一新种--版纳野独活
Guatteria (Annonaceae) is with c. 290 species the third largest genus of Neotropical trees. Its widespread distribution and ...
Annonaceae) is a tropical African genus of trees occurring mainly in rain forests. Until recently, Greenwayodendron contained ... This black ring is also found in some other African species of Annonaceae such as Anonidium mannii Engl. & Diels. In terms of ... Ghogue J-P, Sonké B, Couvreur TLP (2017) Taxonomic revision of the African genera Brieya and Piptostigma (Annonaceae). Plant ... The family Annonaceae (Magnoliidae) comprises trees, shrubs and lianas (. APG 2003. ; Chatrou et al. 2012. ; Couvreur et al. ...
en) Référence UICN : taxon Annonaceae *(en) Référence GRIN : famille Annonaceae Juss. (+liste des genres contenant des ... en) Référence Flora of Pakistan : Annonaceae *(en) Référence Angiosperm Phylogeny Website : Annonaceae (+ liste genres chez Kew ... Ce document provient de « https://fr.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Annonaceae&oldid=149467610 ». ...
Trees or shrubs to 40 m tall; young branches glabrous to densely hairy; old branches mostly glabrous, sometimes sparsely hairy. Petioles 2-14 mm long, leaf lamina inserted on side rarely on top, broadly to narrowly grooved adaxially. Leaf lamina ovate to obovate, base rounded to cuneate or sometimes cordate, apex acuminate to acute, papyraceous to coriaceous; midrib raised, glabrous adaxially, prominent abaxially; secondary veins 8-17 pairs, uniformly curving upwards or straight and curving upwards only near the margins, loop forming towards margin; tertiary veins intermediate between reticulate and percurrent, rarely percurrent. Flowers bisexual, regular. Inflorescence terminal, leaf opposed to supra- or sub-axillary, solitary or rarely 2-3 together, appearing from young leaved or leafless shoots, pendulous or rarely curving upwards and overtopping the foliage, white to yellow streaked with red to purple. Flowering pedicels variable in length, slender. Lower bract absent. Upper bract variable ...
Family Annonaceae[edit]. The Annonaceae (custard apple family) is the largest family of the Magnoliales, but contains primarily ... Annonaceae. Annonoideae. -. Asimina. pawpaw, dog banana, Indian banana. 1. Laurales. Calycanthaceae. -. -. Calycanthus. sweet- ...
Annonaceae (Custard-Apple Family). Synonym(s): Orchidocarpum arietinum. USDA Symbol: astr. USDA Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N) ...
... Folorunso, A. E. ; Olorode, O. (2007) ... The centromeric positions in the species of Annonaceae investigated are nearly median with predominance of large chromosome ... Karyotype Studies in Some Species Of the Family Annonaceae by Folorunso and Olorode.pdf (1.279Mb) ...
Annonaceae. Biogeography. Ecology.. Presentation Type: Symposium or Colloquium Presentation. Session: SY04. Location: Pines ... Annonaceae, also known as the custard apple family, is one of the most diverse groups of early-divergent angiosperms and an ... Annonaceae evolution: integrating molecules, biogeography and ecology.. This symposium aims to bring together researchers ... There are numerous studies on the pollination biology and eco-physiology of the Annonaceae, and experts will be invited to ...
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  • 113, 115] MAGNOLIALES Annonaceae Anaxagorea brevipes Benth. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Magnoliales: Annonaceae), a native Brazilian species, against Zabrotes subfasciatus (Boheman) (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae: Bruchinae). (bioone.org)
  • constituée de 2500 espèces réparties en une centaine de genres , c'est la plus grande famille de l'ordre des magnoliales . (wikipedia.org)
  • Az annónafélék (Annonaceae) a liliomfa-virágúak (Magnoliales) rendjének egyik családja , bár egyes szerzők külön rendet, az annónavirágúakét (Annonales) alkotnák meg nekik. (wikipedia.org)
  • Annonaceae form the most diverse family within the Magnoliales. (wur.nl)
  • The Annonaceae are a family of flowering plants consisting of trees, shrubs, or rarely lianas commonly known as the custard apple family or soursop family. (wikipedia.org)
  • Annonaceae Supermatrix AlignmentData from: Which frugivory‐related traits facilitated historical long‐distance dispersal in the custard apple family (Annonaceae)? (datadryad.org)
  • Onstein RE, Kissling WD, Chatrou LW, Couvreur TLP, Morlon H, Sauquet H (2019) Which frugivory‐related traits facilitated historical long‐distance dispersal in the custard apple family (Annonaceae)? (datadryad.org)
  • Annonaceae, also known as the custard apple family, is one of the most diverse groups of early-divergent angiosperms and an important component of tropical rainforests around the world. (botanyconference.org)
  • The oldest fossil evidence of Annonaceae is described as the genus Futabanthus, from the late Cretaceous of Japan, which represents a minimum age of c. 89 Mya for the most recent common ancestor (crown group) of the family. (wikipedia.org)
  • T. Chaowasku , P. J. A. Keßler , S. Punnadee & R. W. J. M. Van der Ham 2011: Taxonomic novelties and pollen morphological study in the genus Neo-uvaria ( Annonaceae ). (bioone.org)
  • Guatteria (Annonaceae) is with c. 290 species the third largest genus of Neotropical trees. (uu.nl)
  • Greenwayodendron ( Annonaceae ) is a tropical African genus of trees occurring mainly in rain forests. (pensoft.net)
  • [6] It is in the same genus, Annona , as cherimoya and is in the Annonaceae family. (wikipedia.org)
  • guanábana ) is a species of the genus Annona of the custard apple tree family, Annonaceae , which has edible fruit. (wikipedia.org)
  • Characterization of Hubera (Annonaceae), a new genus segregated from Polyalthia and allied to Miliusa. (zenodo.org)
  • The genus Miliusa (Annonaceae) in the Austro-Malesian area. (zenodo.org)
  • Revision of the neotropical genus Pseudoxandra (Annonaceae). (wikimedia.org)
  • [1] [2] It belongs to the genus Asimina in the same plant family (the Annonaceae ) as the custard-apple , cherimoya , sweetsop , ylang-ylang and soursop . (wikipedia.org)
  • This paper deals with a group of species of the Neotropical genus Guatteria (Annonaceae) which are characterized by leaves with tiny warts (verruculae) on both surfaces and by elongate and short-stipitate monocarps (i.e., the length of the monocarp body surpassing the length of the stipe). (wur.nl)
  • Here, we present an updated Index of all valid names in Neotropical Annonaceae on the genus and species level. (wur.nl)
  • The subfamilial and tribal classification is followed in World Annonaceae which presents an overview of all Annonaceae genera and taxonomic, distribution and photographic information for a large number of species. (wikipedia.org)
  • In this work, species were selected among the Annonaceae (Leboeuf et al. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • FW # fruits #pupae Plant Species O (kg) n P Annonaceae Araticum, Annona rugulosa N 4. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Inhibitory effects of the methanol extracts of Malaysian medicinal plants on PAF receptor binding to rabbit platelets Species Vernacular name Parts used ANNONACEAE Goniothalamus malayanus Hook. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Family species plant part % inhibition Annonaceae Annona hypoglauca Mart. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Miliusa codonantha ( Annonaceae ), a new species from the Indian eastern Himalaya, with a new combination, M. dioeca . (bioone.org)
  • Miliusa lanceolata ( Annonaceae ), a new species from Papua New Guinea. (bioone.org)
  • T. Chaowasku & P. J. A. Keßler 2013: Seven new species of Miliusa ( Annonaceae ) from Thailand. (bioone.org)
  • One of the major studies of the Annonaceae of tropical Asia was by Suzanne Jovet-Ast (1914-2006), who published an account of the Indochinese species under her maiden name, Ast (Fl. (efloras.org)
  • is the largest in the family Annonaceae and comprises approximately 210 recognized species, distributed exclusively in the Neotropical regions (although not in Argentina and Paraguay). (scielo.br)
  • We sampled 234 Annonaceae species (c. 10% of total) representing 105 (c. 97% of total) genera and all four subfamilies, and seven outgroup taxa from related families. (datadryad.org)
  • The molecular phylogeny of Miliusa (Annonaceae) is reconstructed, with 27 (of ca. 50) species included, using a combination of seven plastid markers (rbcL exon, trnL intron, trnL-F spacer, matK exon, ndhF exon, psbA-trnH spacer, and ycf1 exon) constituting ca. 7 kb. (oalib.com)
  • The centromeric positions in the species of Annonaceae investigated are nearly median with predominance of large chromosome types. (edu.ng)
  • Pseuduvaria khaosokensis Yoosukkee & Chaowasku (Annonaceae), a new species from Surat Thani Province, southern Thailand, is described and illustrated. (bioone.org)
  • Pseuduvaria khaosokensis (Annonaceae), a New Species from Southern Thailand as Evidenced by Plastid Phylogeny and Morphology," Annales Botanici Fennici 58(1-3), 49-59, (2 December 2020). (bioone.org)
  • Seven new species of Miliusa (Annonaceae) from Thailand. (zenodo.org)
  • The Annonaceae is a large, early-divergent family of angiosperms consisting of c. 130 genera and 2,500 species. (hku.hk)
  • As with most early-divergent angiosperms, the majority of Annonaceae species have hermaphroditic, protogynous flowers. (hku.hk)
  • Monodora stenopetala is a species of plant in the family Annonaceae. (wikipedia.org)
  • New species of Annonaceae from the Neotropics and miscellaneous notes. (wikimedia.org)
  • Species of the Annonaceae family are used all over the tropics in traditional medicine in tropical regions for the treatment of malaria and other illnesses. (wur.nl)
  • Searches in scientific reference sites (SciFinder Scholar, Scielo, PubMed, ScienceDirect and ISI Web of Science) and a bibliographic literature search for species of Annonaceae used traditionally to treat malaria and fever were carried out. (wur.nl)
  • Even though the same species of Annonaceae are used by diverse ethnic groups, different plant parts are often chosen for applications, and diverse methods of preparation and treatment are used. (wur.nl)
  • In 1990 an Index to generic names of Annonaceae was published and in 1994 an Index to Neotropical species of Annonaceae was compiled. (wur.nl)
  • The APG II system places Annonaceae as most closely related to the small Magnoliid family Eupomatiaceae. (wikipedia.org)
  • Keys for the identification of Annonaceae genera (separately for Neotropical, African/Madagascan, and Asian/Australian taxa) are presented in: For a concise bibliographic overview of the taxonomic literature (1900 to 2012) see: Both plastid DNA markers and morphological characters provide evidence that Anaxagorea is the sister clade to the rest of the family. (wikipedia.org)
  • The ages of Annonaceae clades inferred using fossil evidence and molecular clock-based dating techniques suggests that the pantropical distribution of the family originated subsequent to the break-up of the Gondwanan supercontinent, as the result of a combination of geodispersal tracking the expansion of the boreotropical flora during the Eocene and more recent long-distance dispersal events. (wikipedia.org)
  • Natural substances (acetogenins) from the family Annonaceae are powerful inhibitors of mitochondrial NADH dehydrogenase (complex I). (thefreedictionary.com)
  • All three belong to Annonaceae , a family of plants that harbor benzyltetrahydroisoquinoline alkaloids. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Annona muricata L (A. muricata ) commonly known as graviola, soursop or corossol, belongs to the Annonaceae family. (biomedcentral.com)
  • belongs to the Annonaceae family. (scirp.org)
  • A new subfamilial and tribal classiFcation of the pantropical Fowering plant family Annonaceae informed by molecular phylogenetics. (zenodo.org)
  • 5 They are polyketide-derived molecules and are unique to the Annonaceae family. (drugs.com)
  • This tree can grow up to 40 feet tall and is from the Annonaceae family. (youngliving.com)
  • belong to the Annonaceae family of flowering plants. (projectreserve.com)
  • Recent advances in Annonaceae phylogenetics allow interpreting their morphology, biogeography, and pollination biology among other disciplines in an evolutionary context. (botanyconference.org)
  • There are numerous studies on the pollination biology and eco-physiology of the Annonaceae, and experts will be invited to present the latest syntheses of these topics. (botanyconference.org)
  • This paper reports thrips (Thysanoptera) cross-pollination in the primitive angiosperm, Popowia pisocarpa (Annonaceae), in lowland rain forest of Sarawak, Malaysia. (naver.com)
  • Morphological character evolution in the miliusoid clade (Annonaceae). (zenodo.org)
  • Pollen morphology of Miliusa and relatives (Annonaceae). (zenodo.org)
  • From Miliusa to Miliuseae to Miliusoid: identifying clades in Asian Annonaceae: 37-75. (zenodo.org)
  • This study aimed to investigate the antioxidative activity and antimutagenicity of six extracts of three plants in Annonaceae , collected from Khok Phutaka area, Amphur Phuwiang, Khon Kaen. (bvsalud.org)
  • Polyalthia longifolia (Annonaceae) is an ornamental street tree having several medicinal values. (ajol.info)
  • Monograph of Pseuduvaria (Annonaceae). (koeltz.com)
  • Phytochemical investigation of the leaves of Guatteria friesiana (Annonaceae) afforded three new isoquinoline alkaloids, 13-hydroxy-discretinine, 6,6a-dehydroguatteriopsiscine and 9-dehydroxy-1-methoxy-dihydroguattouregidine. (scielo.br)
  • Monophyly and inter-familial systematics have been well supported for Annonaceae by a combination of morphological and molecular evidence. (wikipedia.org)
  • This symposium aims to bring together researchers working on Annonaceae with a wide range of interests in evolution, ecology, biogeography, and molecular biology. (botanyconference.org)
  • Inheritance of seedlessness and the molecular characterization of the INO gene in Annonaceae. (bvsalud.org)
  • The molecular phylogenetic placement of Diclinanona (Annonaceae) has been debated in the literature for a decade. (wur.nl)
  • Results of a cladistic analysis of morphological and anatomical data of the Duguetia alliance (Annonaceae) are presented. (wur.nl)
  • 1841, Annonaceae) using SOS-Inductest and Ames test / Investigação sobre a genotoxicidade de araticum (Annona crassiflora Mart. (bvsalud.org)
  • This dataset contains the digitized treatments in Plazi based on the original journal article Yang, Bin, Zhu, Ren-Bin, Ding, Hong-Bo, Bouamanivong, Somsanith, Tan, Yun-Hong (2020): A new species and two new records of Goniothalamus (Annonaceae) from Lao PDR. (gbif.org)
  • A synopsis of Annonaceae in Indian subcontinent by SR KUNDU (pdf-23 pages)- Thaiszia - J. Bot. (efloraofindia.com)