Anticancer effect of two diterpenoid compounds isolated from Annona glabra Linn. (1/43)

AIM: To study the inhibitory effect of two diterpenoid compounds isolated from Annona glabra Linn (Cunabic acid and ent-kauran-19-al-17-oic acid) on the proliferation of Human Liver Cancer (HLC) cell line SMMC-7721 and its mechanism. METHODS: Inhibition of cell proliferation was measured by MTT assay. The morphological changes of SMMC-7721 cells were observed under inverted phase-contrast microscope, fluorescent microscope, transmission electron microscope (TEM), and scanning electron microscope (SEM). Flow cytometer (FCM) was used to calculate the cell apoptotic rate, and immunohistochemical staining was used to observe the regulation of gene expression. RESULTS: The proliferation of SMMC-7721 cells was obviously inhibited after being treated with Cunabic acid at the concentration great than 5 micromol/L and ent-kauran-19-al-17-oic acid great than 10 micromol/L. The biggest inhibitory effect was 81.05% when treated with Cunabic acid at the concentration of 25 micromol/L. The effect had a linear relationship with concentration. The result indicated that drug-treated cells exhibit typical morphological changes of apoptosis, including condensed chromatin and a reduction in volume. Sub-G0/G1 peak was found by FCM analysis and the cell cycle was arrested at G0/G1 stage. The apoptotic rates of the cells treated by Cunabic acid and ent-kauran-19-al-17-oic acid were 43.31% and 24.95%, respectively. It was visualized by immunohistochemical staining that the drugs down-regulated the gene expression of bcl-2 gene and up-regulated that of bax gene. CONCLUSION: The two diterpenoid compounds isolated from Annona glabra Linn, Cunabic acid and ent-kauran-19-al-17-oic acid can obviously inhibit the proliferation of HLC cell line SMMC-7721. The mechanism is correlated with the induction of cell apoptosis by down-regulating the gene expression of bcl-2 gene and up-regulating that of bax gene.  (+info)

Differential cytotoxic effects of Annona squamosa seed extracts on human tumour cell lines: role of reactive oxygen species and glutathione. (2/43)

Annonaceous acetogenins are a new class of compounds that have been reported to have potent pesticidal, parasiticidal, anti-microbial, cell growth inhibitory activities. In this study, organic and aqueous extracts from the defatted seeds of Annona squamosa (custard apple) were tested on different human tumour cell lines for antitumoural activity. While organic and aqueous extracts induced apoptosis in MCF-7 and K-562 cells, they failed to do so in COLO-205 cells. Treatment of MCF-7 and K-562 cells with organic and aqueous extracts resulted in nuclear condensation, DNA fragmentation, induction of reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation and reduced intracellular glutathione levels. In addition downregulation of Bcl-2 and PS externalization by Annexin-V staining suggested induction of apoptosis in MCF-7 and K-562 cells by both the extracts through oxidative stress. On the contrary, COLO-205 cells showed only PS externalization but no change in ROS and glutathione levels. These observations suggest that the induction of apoptosis by A. squamosa extracts can be selective for certain types of cancerous cells.  (+info)

The in-vitro antibacterial activity of Annona senegalensis, Securidacca longipendiculata and Steganotaenia araliacea - Ugandan medicinal plants. (3/43)

BACKGROUND: Nearly all cultures from ancient times to the present day have used plants as a source of medicines. As a result, different remedies tended to develop in different parts of the world. Current strategies to overcome the global problem of antimicrobial resistance include research in finding new and innovative antimicrobials from plants. OBJECTIVES: To determine the antibacterial activity of extracts of Annona senegalensis, Securidacca longipendiculata and Steganotaenia araliacea, plants which are used in Eastern Uganda for the treatment of diarrhea and wound infections. METHODS: The root barks of these plants were collected, sun-dried, pounded using pestles and wooden mortars. Water and methanol extracts were derived and screened. Standard cultures of E. coli ATCC 25922, Pseudomonas aeruginosa ATCC 27853, and Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 25923 were used in the study. The antibacterial tests used were the agar well diffusion assays. The minimum inhibitory concentrations (MIC) were determined by cylinder plate technique. RESULTS: Extracts of Annona senegalensis, Steganotaenia araliacea and Securidaca longipendiculata showed activity against Staphylococcus aureus. The methanol extract of Securidaca longipediculata was not inhibitory to S.aureus. Steganotaenia araliacea and Securidaca longipediculata (water) extracts were active against all the bacteria tested. The water and methanol extracts of Annona senegalensis did not show inhibitory activity against E. coli. Of the three bacteria studied, Staphylococcus aureus was the most susceptible to the extracts followed by P. aeruginosa. E. coli was least sensitive to the plant extracts. Annona senegalensis had the lowest MIC against Staphylococcus aureus (62.5 mg/ml); while Steganotaenia araliacea had the highest MIC (250 mg/ml) signifying lower activity. CONCLUSIONS: The root bark extracts of the three plants showed antibacterial activity, justifying their continued use in treatment of bacterial infections. RECOMMENDATIONS: Further studies are required to isolate and characterise the active phytochemical constituents in the plants. Toxicity studies should be done to determine their safety.  (+info)

Cyclic peptides from the seeds of Annona glauca and A. cherimola. (4/43)

From the seeds of Annona glauca and A. cherimola, two novel cyclic peptides, glaucacyclopeptide B and cherimolacyclopeptide G, have been isolated, respectively. Their structures were elucidated by chemical and spectral methods.  (+info)

Antidiabetic and antioxidant activity of Annona squamosa extract in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. (5/43)

INTRODUCTION: The aim of the study is to analyse the antioxidant effect of oral administration of aqueous extract of Annona squamosa (A. squamosa) leaf on blood glucose, haemoglobin, glycosylated haemoglobin, plasma insulin, antioxidant enzymes and lipid peroxidation in liver and kidney to streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats. METHODS: Aqueous extract of A. squamosa on blood glucose, haemoglobin, glycosylated haemoglobin, plasma insulin, serum lipid and the levels of lipid peroxides and antioxidant enzymes, such as catalase, superoxide dismutase, glutathione peroxidase and reduced glutathione, were examined in the liver and kidney tissues of control and experimental groups. RESULTS: Oral administration of A. squamosa aqueous extract to diabetic rats for 30 days significantly reduced the levels of blood glucose, lipids and lipid peroxidation, but increased the activities of plasma insulin and antioxidant enzymes, like catalase, superoxide dismutase, reduced glutathione and glutathione peroxidase. CONCLUSION: The A. squamosa aqueous extract supplementation is useful in controlling the blood glucose level, improves the plasma insulin, lipid metabolism and is beneficial in preventing diabetic complications from lipid peroxidation and antioxidant systems in experimental diabetic rats; therefore, it could be useful for prevention or early treatment of diabetes mellitus.  (+info)

Germination ecophysiology of Annona crassiflora seeds. (6/43)

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Little is known about environmental factors that break morphophysiological dormancy in seeds of the Annonaceae and the mechanisms involved. The aim of this study was to characterize the morphological and physiological components of dormancy of Annona crassiflora, a tree species native to the Cerrado of Brazil, in an ecophysiological context. METHODS: Morphological and biochemical characteristics of both embryo and endosperm were monitored during dormancy break and germination at field conditions. Seeds were buried in the field and exhumed monthly for 2 years. Germination, embryo length and endosperm digestion, with endo-beta-mannanase activity as a marker, were measured in exhumed seeds, and scanning electron microscopy was used to detect cell division. The effect of constant low and high temperatures and exogenous gibberellins on dormancy break and germination was also tested under laboratory conditions. KEY RESULTS: After burial in April, A. crassiflora seeds lost their physiological dormancy in the winter months with lowest monthly average minimum temperatures (May-August) prior to the first rainfall of the wet season. The loss of physiological dormancy enabled initiation of embryo growth within the seed during the first 2 months of the rainy season (September-October), resulting in a germination peak in November. Embryo growth occurred mainly through cell expansion but some dividing cells were also observed. Endosperm digestion started at the micropylar side around the embryo and diffused to the rest of the endosperm. Exogenous gibberellins induced both embryo growth and endo-beta-mannanase activity in dormant seeds. CONCLUSIONS: The physiological dormancy component is broken by low temperature and/or temperature fluctuations preceding the rainy season. Subsequent embryo growth and digestion of the endosperm are both likely to be controlled by gibberellins synthesized during the breaking of physiological dormancy. Radicle protrusion thus occurred at the beginning of the rainy season, thereby maximizing the opportunity for seedlings to emerge and establish.  (+info)

Assessment of the mutagenic, antimutagenic and cytotoxic activities of ethanolic extract of araticum (Annona crassiflora Mart. 1841) by micronucleus test in mice. (7/43)

A typical Brazilian plant, araticum (Annona crassiflora Mart.), is widely used in humans as therapeutic medicine to treat several diseases such as diarrhea, rheumatism and syphilis. It contains acetogenins which present cytotoxic, antitumogenic, and antiparasitic properties. In this study, mutagenic, antimutagenic and cytotoxic effects of araticum leaves ethanolic extract were evaluated by micronucleus test in mice. To evaluate the mutagenic activity, animals were treated with ethanolic extract of araticum (EEA) using 10, 20, 50, 100 and 160 mg.kg(-1). For all doses, micronucleated polychromatic erythrocytes (MNPCE) frequency was evaluated at 24, 48 and 72 hours after treatment. To evaluate the antimutagenic activity, animals were treated with 10, 20, 50 and 100 mg.kg(-1) of EEA and 4 mg.kg(-1) of MMC simultaneously. The frequency of MNPCE was evaluated 36 hours after exposure. Cytotoxicity was evaluated by the polychromatic and normochromatic erythrocytes ratio (PCE/NCE). In the mutagenicity assessment, all doses of EEA resulted in no significant increase of MNPCE (P > 0.05), compared to solvent- control group. Regarding administration time, no significant difference among three evaluation periods was observed (P > 0.05). Such results indicate that EEA did not exert mutagenic activity. Cytotoxicity was evident in doses of 50, 100 and 160 mg.kg(-1) at 24 and 48 hours after exposure. Concerning antimutagenicity, except the 10 mg.kg(-1) co-administered with 4 mg/kg of MMC, all doses reduced significantly the frequency of MNPCE compared to the positive control group (P < 0.05). These results, therefore, indicate an antimutagenic activity of the EEA. Cytotoxicity was significantly increased (P < 0.01) at 100 mg.kg(-1) EEA doses co-administered with 4 mg.kg(-1) of MMC.  (+info)

Anthelmintic acetogenin from Annona squamosa L. Seeds. (8/43)

Annona squamosa seeds extracts showed anthelmintic activity against Haemonchus contortus, the main nematode of sheep and goat in Northeastern Brazil. A compound 1 was isolated from ethyl acetate extract and inhibited the egg hatching of H. contortus at 25 mg ml(-1). The structure of 1 was determined as a C37 trihydroxy adjacent bistetrahydrofuran acetogenin based on spectroscopic analysis.  (+info)

*Graphium browni

The larva feeds on Annona mercuriana. Graphium browni belongs to the wallacei species group. This clade has four members: ...

*Annona

... amambayensis Annona acuminata Annona ambotay Annona asplundiana Annona atabapensis Annona bullata Annona biflora Annona ... Annona hayesii Annona hypoglauca Annona hystricoides Annona jahnii Annona jamaicensis Annona longiflora Annona lutescens Annona ... marolo Annona cristalensis Annona crotonifolia Annona deceptrix Annona deminuta Annona dioica Annona diversifolia Annona ... graviola Annona nitida Annona nutans Annona oligocarpa Annona paludosa Annona paraguayensis Annona phaeoclados Annona ...

*Annona (mythology)

Annona, often as Annona Augusti, was a creation of Imperial religious propaganda, manifested in iconography and cult practice. ... On Neronian coinage, Ceres, Annona, and Abundantia ("Abundance") were closely associated. Annona also appears on coins issued ... In the context of Trajanic politics, Annona represented Rome's grain independence from its traditional supplier Egypt. Annona ... Annona Augusti appears on coins late in the reign of Nero, when the Cult of Virtues came into prominence in the wake of the ...

*Annona atabapensis

... is a species of plant in the Annonaceae family. It is endemic to Venezuela. World Conservation Monitoring ... Annona atabapensis. 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Downloaded on 20 August 2007.. ...

*Annona oligocarpa

... is a species of plant in the Annonaceae family. It is endemic to Ecuador. Its natural habitats are ... Annona oligocarpa. 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Downloaded on 20 August 2007.. ...

*Annona scleroderma

"Annona scleroderma". TopTropicals plant catalog. Retrieved 2010-09-24. "Annona scleroderma, Ecocrop". Food and Agriculture ... Annona scleroderma, the cawesh or poshe-te, is a species of tree in the Annonaceae family, with an edible fruit the size of an ... "Annona scleroderma". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States ...

*Annona praetermissa

... (also called wild sour sop) is a species of plant in the Annonaceae family. It is endemic to Jamaica. It is ... Annona praetermissa. 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Downloaded on 20 August 2007.. ...

*Annona ecuadorensis

... is a species of plant in the Annonaceae family. It is endemic to Ecuador. Its natural habitat is ... Muriel, P. & Pitman, N. (2003). "Annona ecuadorensis". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2003: e.T42817A10755487. ...

*Annona reticulata

"Species Annona reticulata". UniProt Consortium. Retrieved 16 April 2008. Mahdeem, H. (5 July 1998). "Annona reticulata". hort. ... Annona reticulata is a small deciduous or semi-evergreen tree in the plant family Annonaceae. It is best known for its fruit, ... Possibly a native of the Caribbean and Central America, Annona reticulata is now pantropical and can be found growing between ... "Entry for Annona reticulata Linn. [family ANNONACEAE]". African Plants. Ithaka Harbors, Inc. Retrieved 16 April 2008. [ ...

*Annona asplundiana

... is a species of plant in the Annonaceae family. It is native to Peru, Ecuador and Brazil. It is considered ... "Annona asplundiana". www.iucnredlist.org. Retrieved 2017-08-14. Grandtner, M. M.; Chevrette, Julien (2013). Dictionary of Trees ...

*Annona cristalensis

... is a species of plant in the Annonaceae family. It is endemic to Cuba. Areces-Mallea, A.E. 1998. Annona ...

*Annona senegalensis

... takes the form of either a shrub or small tree, growing between two and six meters tall. Occasionally, it ... Annona senegalensis, commonly known as African custard-apple, wild custard apple, and wild soursop, is a species of flowering ... "Annona senegalensis". AgroForestry Tree Database. Archived from the original on April 16, 2013. Retrieved August 3, 2010. " ... "Annona senegalensis". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States ...

*Annona crassiflora

... ", taodocerrado.eco.br, Tao do Cerrado, archived from the original on 2015-02-08 Media related to Annona ... Annona crassiflora, commonly known as marolo, araticum cortiça, araticum do cerrado or bruto, is a flowering plant in the ... "Annona crassiflora". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States ... "Evaluation of the Antioxidant Properties of the Brazilian Cerrado Fruit Annona crassiflora (Araticum)", Journal of Food Science ...

*Annona glabra

... is a tropical fruit tree in the family Annonaceae, in the same genus as the Soursop and Cherimoya. Common names ... Unlike the other Annona species, the pulp of the fruit when ripe is yellow through orange instead of whitish. The fruit is ... Compared to other Annona seeds and trees, the A. glabra is still more resilient to instances of flooding. ... The A. glabra tree was introduced to North Queensland sometime around 1912 as both a rootstock for similar Annona species such ...

*Annona salzmannii

... , the beach sugar apple, is a tree native to Brazil. It is an extremely rare Annona bearing orange skinned ... The tree is an evergreen tree to 30-45 feet (9.1-13.7 m), one of the tallest Annona trees. Those weird and wonderful fruit ... A. salzmannii is a food source for golden-headed lion tamarins (one of 155 tree species useful to the tamarins). "Annona ...

*Annona spraguei

... is a species of plant in the Annonaceae family. It is endemic to Panama. It is threatened by habitat loss. ... Annona spraguei. 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Downloaded on 20 August 2007.. ...

*Annona montana

... or Mountain soursop is an edible fruit and medicinal plant in the Annonaceae family native to Central America, ... "Annona montana Macfad". Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Retrieved 2008-04-18. Cassidy, Frederic Gomes (2002) [1967]. "Mountain ... "Result set for: Annonaceae Annona montana". New World Fruits Database. Retrieved 2008-04-18. [dead link] Morton, Julia F (1999- ... anona The tree somewhat resembles that of Annona muricata but has a more spreading crown and very glossy leaves. It is slightly ...

*Annona Chalk

USGS Geolex, Annona Chalk/Formation R. T. Hill. "ANNONA CHALK/FORMATION". Arkansas Geological Survey. v. 5: Arkansas Geological ... Notes on the Annona Chalk, Norman L. Thomas and Elmer M. Rice, Journal of Paleontology, Vol. 6, No. 4 (Dec., 1932), pp. 319-329 ... Annona Chalk overlying Brownstown Marl at what is now called White Cliffs Natural Area, with the Little River in the foreground ... The Annona Chalk is a geologic formation in Arkansas, Texas, Louisiana, and Oklahoma. It preserves fossils dating back to the ...

*Annona (disambiguation)

Annona is a plant genus. Annona may also refer to: Anonas Station, is an LRT-2 train station in Quezon City, Philippines named ... after the plant Annona, Texas, a settlement in Red River County, Texas Annona (mythology), personification of the produce of ... the yearly harvest in ancient Roman religion The prefect of the annona was responsible for the grain supply to the city of Rome ...

*Annona, Texas

Annona is a town in Red River County, Texas, United States. The population was 315 at the 2010 census. Annona is located at 33° ... According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Annona has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate ...

*Annona coriacea

... in Flora Brasiliensis 13 (1): 6. t. 1. 1841 (in Portuguese) Annona coriacea in PONTES, Aline Fernandes, BARBOSA ... Annona coriacea (araticum in Portuguese) is a fruit tree native to Brazil. Its original habitat includes the ecoregions of ...

*Annona cacans

Useful Tropical Plants (2012): Annona cacans Colecionadores de Frutas (2013): Annona cacans Useful Tropical Plants website ... Annona cacans, with the common names: Araticum-cagão, Araticum de paca, Araticum-pacarí, is a fruit tree native to Atlantic ... This tree is among the largest in the Annona genus. It usually grows 5-30 metres (16-98 ft). The fruit's succulent clear or ...

*Annona ambotay

... is a species of tree in the Annonaceae family. It is native to South America. Grandtner, M. M.; Chevrette, ...

*Annona conica

... is a species of plant in the Annonaceae family. It is endemic to Ecuador. Its natural habitats are subtropical or ... The maximum average height for a domesticated Annona Conica is around 300 cm and in the wild 500 cm. Muriel, P. & Pitman, N. ( ... 2003). "Annona conica". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2003: e.T42827A10756796. Retrieved 16 November 2016. "Annona ...

*Annona nitida

... is a species of tree in the Annonaceae family. It is native to Peru, Brazil and Venezuela. Grandtner, M. M.; ...
Annona TX Zip Code. Annona, Texas US Zip Code 5 Plus 4. Zip code lookup Annona. ZIP+4 Annona, Texas, US. Addresses and Streets names in Annona, Texas. Annona Area code and Annona Time zone.
Annona squamosa L., commonly known as sugar-apple (or sweetsop or custard-apple), is a popular fruit throughout the tropics, mainly southern Mexico, Antilles, Central and South America, tropical Africa, Australia, India, Indonesia, Polynesia and US (Hawaii and Florida) [1]. It is native to the tropical America and West Indies. In India, it was introduced by the Spanish and Portuguese in the 16th century [1,2]. It is known by several names in India: ata, aarticum, shareefa, sitaphal, seethaphal or seetha pazham, aathachakka and atna kothal etc. [1]. Annona sp. belongs to family Annonaceae which is the largest living family among magnoliids (primitive angiosperms). The genus Annona contains about 166 species [3], out of which six produce edible fruits; A. squamosa, A. reticulata, A. cherimola, A. muricata, A. atemoya and A. diversifolia [4]. A. squamosa is the most widely cultivated species [5]. The flower of A. squamosa comprises of a gynoecium of several loosely cohering carpels, surrounded by ...
Annona squamosa L., a popular fruit tree, is the most widely cultivated species of the genus Annona. The lack of transcriptomic and genomic information limits the scope of genome investigations in this important shrub. It bears aggregate fruits with numerous seeds. A few rare accessions with very few seeds have been reported for Annona. A massive pyrosequencing (Roche, 454 GS FLX+) of transcriptome from early stages of fruit development (0, 4, 8 and 12 days after pollination) was performed to produce expression datasets in two genotypes, Sitaphal and NMK-1, that show a contrast in the number of seeds set in fruits. The data reported here is the first source of genome-wide differential transcriptome sequence in two genotypes of A. squamosa, and identifies several candidate genes related to seed development. Approximately 1.9 million high-quality clean reads were obtained in the cDNA library from the developing fruits of both the genotypes, with an average length of about 568 bp.
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MENDES, DÉBORA S. et al. Phenological characterization and temperature requirements of Annona squamosa L. in the Brazilian semiarid region. An. Acad. Bras. Ciênc. [online]. 2017, vol.89, n.3, suppl., pp.2293-2304. Epub 20-Jul-2017. ISSN 0001-3765. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0001-3765201720170205.. The phenological growth stages of various species of monocotyledonous and dicotyledonous plants can be uniformly coded using the Biologische Bundesanstalt, Bundessortenamt, und Chemische Industrie (BBCH) scale. The aim of the present study was to determine the duration of different phenological stages and the temperature requirements of the sugar-apple, Annona squamosa, during two crop cycles in the semiarid region of Brazil. Phenological stages were divided into eight of ten possible principal stages: (0) bud development, (1) leaf development, (3) shoot/branch development, (5) inflorescence emergence, (6) flowering, (7) fruit development, (8) fruit maturity and (9) senescence and the beginning of ...
Imperial Rome was by far the largest city of its time, and feeding its populace-about one million according to most estimates-required an ever-watchful eye on the part of the authorities. The system supplying Rome, the armies, and some other cities with grain and other foodstuffs came to be known as the annona. The Roman authorities began to intervene directly in the food supply of the city of Rome in the mid-Republican period. A momentous step in this development was the introduction of the grain distribution (frumentatio) by C. Sempronius Gracchus in 123 bce. In the Principate, the annona became a central feature of the relationship between the emperor and the capitals inhabitants. At the end of Augustuss reign the office of the annona came to be headed by a praefectus annonae, who had recourse to a staff of subordinates in Rome, Ostia, and Puteoli. Apart from the produce of the imperial estates, Rome collected tax grain primarily in Sicily, Sardinia, and Africa, and from Augustus onwards in Egypt;
TY - JOUR. T1 - New ent-kauranes from the fruits of Annona glabra and their inhibitory nitric oxide production in LPS-stimulated RAW264.7 macrophages. AU - Nhiem, Nguyen Xuan. AU - Hien, Nguyen Thi Thu. AU - Tai, Bui Huu. AU - Anh, Hoang Le Tuan. AU - Hang, Dan Thi Thuy. AU - Quang, Tran Hong. AU - Kiem, Phan Van. AU - Minh, Chau Van. AU - Ko, Wonmin. AU - Lee, Seungjun. AU - Oh, Hyuncheol. AU - Kim, Seung Hyun. AU - Kim, Young Ho. PY - 2015/1/15. Y1 - 2015/1/15. N2 - Three new ent-kaurane diterpenoids, 7β,16α,17-trihydroxy-ent-kauran-19-oic acid (1), 7β,17-dihydroxy-16α-ent-kauran-19-oic acid 19-O-β-d-glucopyranoside ester (2), 7β,17-dihydroxy-ent-kaur-15-en-19-oic acid 19-O-β-d-glucopyranoside ester (3) along with five known compounds, paniculoside IV (4), 16α,17-dihydroxy-ent-kaurane (5), 16β,17-dihydroxy-ent-kaurane (6), 16β,17-dihydroxy-ent-kauran-19-al (7), and 16β,17-dihydroxy-ent-kauran-19-oic acid (8) were isolated from the fruits of Annona glabra. Their chemical structures ...
Like most species of Annona, it requires a tropical or subtropical climate with summer temperatures from 25 °C (77 °F) to 41 °C (106 °F), and mean winter temperatures above 15 °C (59 °F). It is sensitive to cold and frost, being defoliated below 10 °C (50 °F) and killed by temperatures of a couple of degrees below freezing. It is only moderately drought-tolerant, requiring at least 700 mm of annual rainfall, and will not produce fruit well during droughts. It will grow from sea level to 2,000 metres (6,600 ft) and does well in hot dry climates, differing in its tolerance of lowland tropics from many of the other fruit bearers in the Annona family. It is quite a prolific bearer, and it will produce fruit in as little as two to three years. A five-year-old tree can produce as many as 50 sugar apples. Poor fruit production has been reported in Florida because there are few natural pollinators (honeybees have a difficult time penetrating the tightly closed female flowers); however, hand ...
Annona muricata, called soursop due to the sweet and sour flavor of the large fruit, is a lowland tropical fruit-bearing tree in the Annonaceae family
Telah dilakukan penelitian sitotoksisitas ekstrak etanol daun srikaya (Annona squamosa L.) terhadap sel kanker tulang. Ekstraksi daun srikaya dilakukan dengan cara maserasi kinetik menggunakan pelarut etanol 80%. Ekstrak etanol yang diperoleh diujikan pada sel kanker yang telah dikulturkan pada beberapa konsentrasi yang ditentukan. Uji sitotoksik dilakukan dengan pengukuran aktivitas LDH yang dibebaskan oleh membran sel kanker yang telah mengalami perlakuan dengan bahan anti kanker. Pengukuran dilakukan dengan penambahan reaction mixture yang akan memberikan hasil berwarna merah sehingga dapat diukur absorbansinya dengan ELISA reader. Dari nilai absorbansi yang didapat, dihitung persen sitotoksisitasnya untuk dicari nilai IC50nya dengan menggunakan SPSS Probit Analysis Program. Uji sitotoksik dilakukan pada sel kanker dengan perlakuan selama 2 jam. Suatu ekstrak bahan tanaman dikatakan memiliki efek sitotoksik bila mempunyai nilai IC50 kurang dari 20 μg/ml. IC50 masing-masing sebesar 133,170 ...
Deshmukh, Aaishwarya B., Jayvadan K. Patel (2011) Aqueous extractof Annona squamosa (L.) ameliorates renal failure induced by 5/6 nephrectomy in rat. [Publication] Full text not available from this repository ...
SIQUEIRA, Carlos A. T. et al. Chemical constituents of the volatile oil from leaves of Annona coriacea and in vitro antiprotozoal activity. Rev. bras. farmacogn. [online]. 2011, vol.21, n.1. Epub Nov 26, 2010. ISSN 0102-695X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-695X2011005000004.. The essential oil of the leaves from Annona coriacea Mart., Annonaceae, was extracted by hydrodistillation in a Clevenger apparatus and analyzed by GC/MS and GC/FID. The oil yield was 0.05% m/m. Sixty compounds were identified, in a complex mixture of sesquiterpenes (76.7%), monoterpenes (20.0%) and other constituents (3.3%). Bicyclogermacrene was its major compound (39.8%) followed by other sesquiterpenes. Most of the monoterpenes were in low concentration (,1%). Only β-pinene and pseudolimonene presented the highest level of 1.6%. The volatile oil presented anti-leishmanial and trypanocidal activity against promastigotes of four species of Leishmania and trypomastigotes of Trypanosoma cruzi, showing to be more active ...
is a continuous need for cheaper and less damaging treatments, the rise of natural medicine is really inevitable. You might have heard a variety of alternative herbal medicines advertised in the market. One such alternative treatment is quickly gaining popularity Graviola. However, there are actually a closely related plant more healing properties than Graviola Graviola and this mountain. Mountain Graviola, commonly known as mountain soursop, Annona tree belonging to a family. The tree is a famous herb and is found in Central America and the Caribbean. This is very similar to the Graviola tree and two plants are often mistakenly considered to be the same. But as a look alike, and the same plant family, they are for others to prove chemical composition. the scientific name is used to distinguish when referring to all plants. Annona montana or Mountain Graviola leaves are brighter and wider than those of Annona muritica or Graviola. In addition, Montana bear fruits faster. These fibrous fruit pulp ...
1. Plant name. Local name : Nongko sabrang (Java). 2. Plant classification. Family : Annonaceae. 3. Plant description. Sirsak (Soursop) is a plant that approximately 8 metres height. Woody brown stems, rounded and branched. The leaves are like eggor lancet-shaped, pointed tip, flat edge,base tapered, pinnate frame,branch lengthof 5 mm, yellowish green. Flowers liein the stems or branches,small leaves petal, withish yellow, many stamens haired. The fruit is not true fruit. The real fruit is the aggregate of many fruits with single seed and lose mutually coincident boundaries between pieces. The fruitflesh of Soursop is white and have black seeds. The rootsare brown, round, and taproot (Syamsuhidayat dan Hutapea, 1991).. 4. Habitat and Distribution. Widely spreaded in Indonesia. 5. Chemical constituents and pharmacology effect. Soursop leaves contain acetogenin compound, essential oil, reticuline, loreximine, coclaurine, annomurine,higenamine. Soursop fruits contain a lot of carbohydrate, ...
Antinociceptive and anti-inflammatory activities of the ethanol extract from Annonamuricata L. leaves were investigated in animal models. The extract delivered per oral route (p.o.) reduced the number of abdominal contortions by 14.42% (at a dose of 200 mg/kg) and 41.41% (400 mg/kg). Doses of 200 and 400 mg/kg (p.o) inhibited both phases of the time paw licking: firstphase (23.67% and 45.02%) and the secondphase (30.09% and 50.02%), respectively. The extract (p.o.) increased the reaction time on a hot plate at doses of 200 (30.77% and 37.04%) and 400 mg/kg (82.61% and 96.30%) after 60 and 90 minutes of treatment, respectively. The paw edema was reduced by the ethanol extract (p.o.) at doses of 200 (23.16% and 29.33%) and 400 mg/kg (29.50% and 37.33%) after 3 to 4 h of application of carrageenan, respectively. Doses of 200 and 400 mg/kg (p.o.), administered 4 h before the carrageenan injection, reduced the exudate volume (29.25 and 45.74%) and leukocyte migration (18.19 and 27.95%) significantly. These
Annona coriacea Mart. (Annonaceae) is used in Brazilian folk medicine for the treatment of various medical conditions such as stomatitis, neuralgia, headaches, furuncles and ulcers. In the current investigation, we evaluated the antinociceptive and anti-inflammatory effects of the hexane and dichloromethane fractions from A. coriacea employing various standard experimental models. The antinociceptive activity of A. coriacea was studied by acetic acid-induced writhing, formalin and hot-plate tests, and the anti-inflammatory activity of this plant was determined by carrageenan-induced rat paw edema. Inhibitions of the acetic acid-induced abdominal contortions were observed at the doses 10, 50 and 100 mg/kg. These doses also reduced the nociception produced by formalin in the first and second phases. In the hot-plate assay, the reaction time was increased at 30, 60 and 90 min in animals that received 50 or 100 mg/kg. Doses of 50 and 100 mg/kg inhibited carrageenan-induced paw edema in rats. These ...
Geo Coppens dEeckenbrugge & Dimary Libreros Ferla , 2000, FRUITS FROM AMERICA - An ethnobotanical inventory. CIRAD-FLHOR/IPGRI Project for Neotropical Fruits. , http://www.ciat.cgiar.org/ipgri/fruits_from_americas/frutales/Ficha%20Annona%20reticulata.htm ,. INAB, 2004, Listado de las Principales Especies Forestales de Guatemala. Instituto Nacional de Bosques (INAB) - Guatemala. , http://www.inab.gob.gt/ ,. (Inab) Morton Julia F. 1987 Fruits of Warm Climates, Julia F. Morton Publisher, Miami, USA. Morton Julia F. (JFMo). PROSEA INDONESIA , 2001 - 2004, Species lists from Publications. , http://proseanet.org/indonesia/terjemah&lain.htm , & , http://proseanet.org/indonesia/lipro&seri.htm ,. Plantamed, 2004, ARATICUM-BRAVO, FRUTA-DO-CONDE, GRAVIOLA. , http://www.plantamed.com.br ,. (Pmed). Klintiendharm (THAN HSIANG) Foundation, 2003, Organic Vegetables of Malaysia and Southern Thailand. (Sayur-Sayuran Organik Malaysia dan Thailand Selatan). Chapter 02 - List of Organic Vegetables (Bab 02 - Senarai ...
Plants have been used as a source of new medicinal compounds throughout history and continue to serve as the basis for many of the pharmaceuticals used today [1]. Standard experimental scientific methods are useful for the validation of ethnopharmacological knowledge regarding herbal medicine.. Annona dioica St. Hill. (Annonaceae) is a shrub found in Brazil throughout the states of São Paulo, Minas Gerais, Paraná and Mato Grosso. It is commonly referred to as "ceraticum", "arixicum" and "ariticum". In Brazil, the fruits and leaves of this plant are used to treat rheumatism, and the seeds are used to treat diarrhoea [2]. In Paraguay, the leaves are used to make tea or are gargled as an anti-catarrhal, while the edible fruits possess sedative properties. The seeds are used as insecticides or in the treatment of parasitic infections of the skin [3]. Chemical studies of the wood of A. dioica resulted in the isolation and characterisation of six alkaloids [4], while analysis of the leaves ...
Annona reticulatais a small deciduous or semi-ever green tree in the plant family Annonaceae. It is best known for its fruit, called custard-apple. Plant pacifies vitiated pitta, constipation, burning sensation, anemia, vomiting, cough, malignancy and general tonic. Root decoction is a powerful purgative. Powdered seed kills body and hair lice on external application.
Annona dioica St. Hill (Annonacaeae) is a Brazilian plant used in folk medicine for the treatment of several types of rheumatisms and diarrhoea. The focus of this work was to evaluate the in vitro antiproliferative and antioxidant activity and the in vivo hypoglycaemic and anti-inflammatory activity of A. dioica and identify the principal constituents of this plant. The crude methanol extract (EAD) and hexane (HF), chloroform (CF), ethyl acetate (EAF) and hydromethanol fractions (HMF) were evaluated for free radical scavenging activity using the DPPH assay. The EAD and EAF were assayed for hypoglycaemic activity in rats. The EAD was tested in an antiproliferation assay and for anti-inflammatory effects in paw oedema, in addition to myeloperoxidase activity induced by carrageenan (Cg) in mice. The EAF was assayed using chromatographic methods. The fractionation of the EAF through chromatographic methods identified derivatives of the flavonoids quercetin and kaempferol. Among all the tested fractions,
3 seeds per pack. A very rare forest Annona, with fruit size and shape similarities to the Custard Apple. Flavor is mild, with soft pulp. Native to Guatemala. Unknown hardiness. #1553 Out of stock. Last available: 2008. We need your help in finding a picture for this plant, $20 in store credit! Photo must be your original work.. ...
Discover Lifes page about the biology, natural history, ecology, identification and distribution of Annona spraguei, leaves image
23. Annona Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 536. 1753. 番荔枝属 fan li zhi shu Authors: Bingtao Li & Michael G. Gilbert Guanabanus Miller.. Trees or shrubs, with an indument of simple or stellate hairs. Inflorescences terminal, leaf-opposed, extra-axillary, or sometimes cauliflorous, never axillary, 1-flowered or in few-flowered clusters. Pedicel usually short. Sepals 3, small, valvate. Petals 6, in 2 whorls or inner whorl rudimentary or absent, free or connate at base; outer petals valvate, fleshy but leathery when dry, connivent or somewhat spreading, inside basally concave, margin thick; inner petals imbricate or valvate. Stamens many; filament short; connectives apically convex or apiculate. Carpels many, often connate; ovule 1 per carpel, basal; styles clavate; stigmas muriculate. Fruit syncarpous, surface covered with knobs, bulges, spines, or less often smooth. Seeds many per syncarp, embedded in edible pulp.. About 100 species: mostly in tropical America, a few in tropical Africa; seven species ...
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Vitamin C Serum by Annona adalah water based formula & pemakaiannya memberikan keselesaan pada pengguna. Ia pantas meresap kedalam kulit & tak melekit.
Anona, plod Foto: www.photomazza.com 13. ANONA Mre asta anona (Annona reticulata) iz porodice papaja vrlo je rasprostranjena biljka koja uspijeva u tropskim
Trees do not like intense heat or desert conditions. 50-100 hours of winter temperatures between 32-55F is usually necessary for fruit production. Cherimoyas prefer a summer temperature of 65-80F, and a winter temperature of 41-65F. In cool climates, branches will defoliate for a few months in winter. Cherimoyas like cool summers and cool nights. Very hot or cold weather, and cold or hot winds can be damaging. Water frequently when the plant is putting out new growth, infrequently when the plant is dormant. Fertilize every three months for best growth. Flowers are formed in small groups at nodes along the branches. A single flower first opens as female, which lasts for 36 hours, followed by a male stage, lasting for another 36 hours. Flowers are almost never pollinated by their own pollen, and without proper pollinators which do not exist outside its native range, cherimoyas can be hand pollinated for good fruit production. Pollen is generally collected from a few male flowers and stored in a ...
Price $3.04 specificationsfull-bloom periodspringtypeblooming plantsapplicable constellationcapricornflowerpotexcludedcultivating difficulty degreever
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Greyish thin bark, sap of the bark is toxic. Its stem is brownish (on the branch), yellowish inside and slightly bitter. Brown with brownish spot on the branch, small lenticel like a round spot on its stem.. Single leaf, rigid branch, alternate. Leaves are oval - narrowed. Pointed at the end and base. Curved base, flat side, length 5-17 cm, width 2-7,5 cm, leaves surface is green, at the bottom is greenish, slightly hairy or leafless. Bitter taste, little bit cold. Petiole length 0,4-2,2 cm. The flowers are clustered, short sideways. Length 2,5 cm, 2-4 flowers are dealing and the colour is yellowish. On the hairy long little stalk with length ± 2 cm, grown on the tip of the leaf stalk. Outer petals are green, purple on the bottom, longitudinal, its length 1,6 - 2,5 width 0,6-0,75.Inside of the petals are smaller or same. There is a lot of pollen, clustered, white, length less than 1.6 cm, greenish pistil. Each pistil forms a kind of warts, length 1.3-1.9 cm, width 0.6 - 1.3 cm which grow into ...
A gravioleira (Annona muricata L.) é uma árvore da família Annonaceae largamente distribuída em todas as regiões tropicais do mundo, produz fruto conhecido como graviola e suas folhas são usadas na medicina tradicional como fitoterápicos. Alguns compostos presentes na A. muricata já foram relacionados com as atividades antioxidante, anti-inflamatória e antimicrobiana dessa planta. Esse trabalho teve por objetivos avaliar as atividades antioxidante, anti-inflamatória e antibacteriana dos extratos hexânico (EH) e etanólico (EE) das folhas de gravioleira. Para tanto, foram utilizadas folhas de gravioleira para o preparo dos extratos utilizados em análises da composição fitoquímica, da capacidade antioxidante total, ensaios de edema de orelha in vivo e da atividade antibacteriana in vitro. Para a análise da atividade antioxidante dos extratos hexânico e etanólico foram determinados os polifenóis totais, flavonoides amarelos e antocianinas totais e a capacidade antioxidante total ...
Graviola is a substance that comes from a tree in the rain forests of Africa, South America, and Southeast Asia. Its scientific name is Annona muricata. It is also known as cherimoya, guanabana, soursop, custard apple, and brazilian paw paw. In many countries, people use the bark, leaves, root, and fruits of this tree for traditional remedies. The active ingredient is thought to be a type of plant compound (phytochemical) called annonaceous acetogenins.People in African and South American countries have used graviola to treat infections with viruses or parasites, rheumatism, arthritis, depression, and sickness. We know from research that some graviola extracts can help to treat these conditions. In laboratory studies, graviola extracts can kill some types of liver and breast cancer cells that are resistant to particular chemotherapy drugs. But there havent been any large scale studies in humans. So we dont know yet whether it can work as a cancer treatment or not. Overall, there is no evidence ...
The Seeds and Plant Genetic Resources Team of the FAO is pleased to advise that the Genebank Standards for Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (endorsed by the Commission for Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture at its Fourteenth Regular Session held from 15 - 19 April 2013) is now in press. The links to the pdf versions of the publication in all six official UN languages can be found here. We have also produced this video highlighting the importance of these standards, including views of partners and member countries on the value and impact of the Genebank Standards.. The Genebank Standards are voluntary but have a universal value and utility in guiding genebank management for seeds, for germplasm maintained in field collections, as well as conserved through cryopreservation and in vitro culture. They were developed in response to the new technical advances and the increased coverage of plant diversity collections. A systematic application of these standards will require ...
Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center zaradilo liečby rakoviny ako jednu z "domnelých využití" annony.[1] Podľa Cancer Research UK, "Mnoho stránok na internete inzeruje a podporuje kapsuly annony ako liek na rakoviny, ale žiadna z nich nie je podporovaná žiadnou serióznou vedeckou organizáciou zaoberajúcou sa rakovinou" a "neexistuje žiaden dôkaz ktorý by preukazoval že annona je účinným liekom na lieťbu rakoviny" a nadvazujúc na to ju nepodporujú jej použitie ako lieku na rakovinu.[8]. Federal Trade Commission v Spojených štátoch amerických stanovila, že "neexistujú žiadne vierohodné vedecké dôkazy" o tom, že výťažok z annony predávaný firmou Bioque Technologies "môže predchádzať, vyliečit alebo liečiť akýkoľvek typ rakoviny".[9]. Cancer Research UK taktiež vydal stanovisko ohľadom údajného lieku na rakovinu ktoré obsahovalo aj tieto vety: "Celkovo možno povedať, že neexistuje žiadny dôkaz, že Annona funguje ako liek na rakovinu. V ...
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The folk medicine, Annona muricata, is used in many countries as the traditional treatment for cancer. Other names for this herb are graviola and soursop. It grows throughout sub-Saharan Africa, and it has been shown to be anti-hyperglycemic, anti-hyperlipidemic, antimalarial, anti-parasitic, antibacterial, insecticidal, antiviral anti-mollusk, and anticancer. Often, herbs are highly beneficial because they contain […]. View Post ...
... , which has botanical name Annona muricata is a fruit that originates from South America, South East Asia, and Africa. Everybody knows that the soursop fruit will bring you a lot of benefits for your health, but how about the leaves? Are they also have benefits for peoples health? Yes, it is finally revealed that soursop leaves will offer you tons of greatness for your body. Here are the health benefits that you could get from soursop leaves.. 24 Tea bags x 2 gr. each Net Wt. 48 gr. / 1.69 oz. ...
Mansooreh Sadat Mojani, Asmah Rahmat, Rajesh Ramasamy, Vahid Hosseinpour Sarmadi, Pratheep Sandrasaigaran, Shalini Vellasamy & Seyed Majid Akhavan Hejazi Influence of Pre-treatment on Secondary Metabolites and Hypo-Glycemic Activity of Custard Apple (Annona squamosa) Peel ...
Modifying effects of annona squamosa on glycoconjugates levels in 7, dimethylbenz a anthracene induced hamster buccal pouch carcinogenesis. Download an insurance proposal form and post, email it or fax it to us on. They can be considered as depressing the equilibrium population of the pest single at 50 years old in their environment. Turn the switch up on the dash, hit the button and this big-incher starts with a sharp bark. All you need are some magic words from the wizarding world, and taking control of the river systems. If youre looking for a new north carolina brewery tour to try, consider a three-day escape to greensboro, winston-salem and high point. So you were ok with it the first time but not the next??? The variable regions of both the light and heavy chains generally contribute to antigen specificity, although the contribution of the individual chains to specificity is not always equal. Enjoy our enormous mature women only collection of links to extreme porn, amateur porn and funny ...
Bioversity International has developed a learning tool for improving knowledge and skills to implement the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture and to use The Treatys standard material transfer agreement (SMTA). See below more information and the links to access this Learning Module: The module is targeted to genebank managers and…
Cary Fowler is the Trusts Executive Director. Fowler was Professor and Director of Research in the Department for International Environment & Development Studies at the Norwegian University of Life Sciences. He was also a Senior Advisor to the Director General of Bioversity International. There he represented the Future Harvest Centres of the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR) in negotiations on the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources. In the 1990s, he headed the International Program on Plant Genetic Resources at the FAO. He drafted and supervised negotiations of FAOs Global Plan of Action for Plant Genetic Resources, adopted by 150 countries in 1996. He is a past-member of the National Plant Genetic Resources Board of the US and the Board of Trustees of the International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center in Mexico, another Rockefeller Foundation and CGIAR project ...
Cary Fowler is the Trusts Executive Director. Fowler was Professor and Director of Research in the Department for International Environment & Development Studies at the Norwegian University of Life Sciences. He was also a Senior Advisor to the Director General of Bioversity International. There he represented the Future Harvest Centres of the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR) in negotiations on the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources. In the 1990s, he headed the International Program on Plant Genetic Resources at the FAO. He drafted and supervised negotiations of FAOs Global Plan of Action for Plant Genetic Resources, adopted by 150 countries in 1996. He is a past-member of the National Plant Genetic Resources Board of the US and the Board of Trustees of the International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center in Mexico, another Rockefeller Foundation and CGIAR project ...
The future has never looked more promising! Research shows that extracts from Graviola leaves truly do appear to work "miraculously"! In a day and age where it seems our bodies are becoming more and more toxic; our cells are mutating, age rapidly, and die unexpectedly, there is hope! This small plant from the Amazonian rainforest is proving that while there may not be a "fountain of youth", Graviola just may be the next best thing!. Fact: Studies have shown Graviola to be up to 10,000 times more effective at killing and removing unhealthy cells than its commonly used chemical counterpart.. WARNING: Do not take if you are pregnant. Graviola has demonstrated uterine stimulant activity in animal studies and therefore is not recommended for pregnant women. It could potentially cause the uterus to contract, which could harm your unborn baby.. *These statements have not been evaluated by the FDA. These products are not intended to prevent, diagnose, treat, or cure any disease.. ...
As the world struggles with a global food crisis, the Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations (FAO) is working to support biodiversity as a way to contribute to food security.. To that end, the FAO has launched an initiative to ensure that this global genetic diversity is accessible, in the hopes that this will promote sustainable agriculture and increased food security.. The International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture, which addresses the need for diversity by promoting conservation and sustainable use of plant genetic resources for food and agriculture (PGRFA) and equitable sharing of benefits derived from their use, was adopted by the FAO Conference in November 2001 and it came into force in June 2004. As of mid-July, 118 countries, or contracting parties, had signed the accord, according to the website.. The treaty aims at collecting and sharing global plant genetic resources to sponsor genetic diversity and ensure food security. Its main ...
cherimolin-1: an acetogenin from seeds of Annona cherimolia; inhibits NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase (complex I); structure in first source
fruit trees bay area - 28 images - abc pest inc abc pest inc pest, andy s orchard maverick orchardist demystifies heirloom, bay leaf tree just fruits and exotics, community fruit trees planted to counter food deserts, tropical fruit trees akee all spice ambarella annona
Natural News) Cancer is a highly dreaded disease. A huge portion of the fear that goes with this disease can be attributed to the different side effects associated with - ironically - its treatment. Worse still, conventional cancer treatments have very low success rates so they may be doing more harm than good.. Chemotherapy, which is a common cancer treatment, has been known to cause hair loss, fatigue, susceptibility to infections, mood swings, numbness, pain, appetite changes, and kidney problems. Because of this, there is an urgent need for safer and more effective alternative treatments. (Related: Chemotherapy WARNING as study finds it actually MULTIPLIES cancer throughout the body, almost always killing the patient.). Many studies have focused on the potential use of medicinal plants as a natural remedy for cancer. These include a study conducted a team of researchers from the University of Sao Paulo and Paulista University in Brazil which revealed that Annona hypoglauca, a plant commonly ...
Bullocks Heart, Annona reticulata is Vitamin C and Carbohydrate rich fruit support for Anthelmintic, Antipyretic, Analgesic and Wound healing activity.
Graphium browni is a butterfly found in Oceania - New Britain, Duke of York Islands, New Hanover Island and St Matthias Islands - that belongs to the swallowtail family. The larva feeds on Annona mercuriana. Graphium browni belongs to the wallacei species group. This clade has four members: Graphium wallacei (Hewitson, 1858) Graphium hicetaon (Mathew, 1886) Graphium browni (Godman & Salvin, 1879) Graphium sandawanum Yamamoto, 1977 DAbrera, B. (1971). Butterflies of the Australian Region. Lansdowne Press, Melbourne.ISBN 0701803134 Globis.insects-online: images of Graphium ...
Best price in Australia on Bio Nutrition Graviola Tea - 30 Tea Bags from eVitamins.com. Find Graviola Tea reviews, side effects, coupons and more from eVitamins. Fast and reliable shipping to the Australia. Graviola Tea and other products by Bio Nutrition for all your health needs.
Graviola Side Effects - The graviola side effects should be read carefully and considered. Learn about the graviola side effects at HowStuffWorks.
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Read about the exotic fruit called sugar Apple (Hanun scaly) or on the Thai - Noi Na. How to eat, useful properties and calorie content. Also the damage from overeating noinah.. Custard Apple or "Sugar Apple" (lat. apopa squamosa) is a deciduous fruit tree of the family Andonova (Annonaceae). Thai name - Noi Na (noinah). In India it is called sharifa, in China - fan-li-chi, ati in Brazil. In Russia the fruit is known as "the hand of the flake" (from lat. name of the species) or creamy apples.. The exact origin of this plant is unknown. Presumably, like many of appease, noina was born in South America. And today the sugar Apple is widely cultivated in South and Central America, the Caribbean Islands, in Thailand. In India sugar Apple brought the Portuguese in the late 16th century. At that time it was already grown in Indonesia and widely distributed in southern China, Polynesia, Australia, Tropical Africa, the lowlands of Palestine, in Egypt and in the Hawaiian Islands. In addition, this fruit ...
Comprehensive nutrition resource for Cherimoya. Learn about the number of calories and nutritional and diet information for Cherimoya. This is part of our comprehensive database of 40,000 foods including foods from hundreds of popular restaurants and thousands of brands.
Plant genetic resources represent an under-valued source of wealth. They represent the whole history of the evolution these resources have undergone over thousands of years, through both natural selection and selection under domestication. Plant genetic resources contain the accumulation of all the genetic changes that occurred over time. The wealth referred to here is the great genetic diversity present in the germplasm of any particular species. It is thus worth considering the purpose of this genetic variability stored in the germplasm of a given species. Life carries on under the effects of a changing world, both from a purely physical point of view, that is to say, environmental changes (climate, vegetation, soil types, associated species, predators, etc.) and from a social viewpoint (changes in eating habits, changes in farming techniques, changes of crops, etc.). In this sense, the only way to confront these selective forces is to have ready access to genetic diversity, in other words, ...
Lethal Yellowing (LY) is one the main diseases affecting coconut worldwide, making the research for resistant germplasm vital to production. Study objectives were to: (i) estimate diversity and genetic structure within four commercial Mexican ecotypes and five imported ecotypes; (ii) analyze the genetic relationships between Mexican ecotypes and the main coconut gene pools identified worldwide; and (iii) measure the correlation between the genetic distance among these ecotypes and Malayan Yellow Dwarf and their percentage mortality due to LY. The Mexican pool had high genetic diversity (pl = 94; H T = 0.34 ± 0.02) similar to that of the populations imported from the worlds main gene pools (pl = 94; H T = 0.36 ± 0.01). Both molecular variance and Wrights index of differentiation indicated strong differentiation among Mexican ecotypes (F ST = 0.32) despite significant gene flow (Nm = 1.4 to 5.6). UPGMA analysis and exact tests of differentiation suggested that the Indo-African gene pool is ...
In 1978 Bent Skovmand was assigned to CIMMYTs triticale program under the direction of Dr. Frank Zillinsky, the organizations Father of Triticales. Zillinsky had greatly improved this rye-wheat artificial hybrid cereal plant. His variety Armadillo had excellent fertility and stress tolerance. Then, a serious illness overtook Frank Zillinsky, forcing him to retire. So, in 1979 Bent Skovmand was named CIMMYTs triticale breeder (Fig. 5). Bent and his collaborators worked hard to improve the rye parents of triticale. Soon they produced early maturing, smooth seeded, high yielding triticale varieties for farmers plagued with poor soil types. The improved triticale varieties actually out-yielded CIMMYT bread wheats by 30% on some soil types. However, they did not yet match wheat for bread baking quality, nor were they up to standard for Mexicos taste buds. Although beer brewed using these triticale plants tasted fine, it was cloudy. Triticale-based beer was rejected by brewers. Undaunted, ...
1) One main stem, none or few short lateral branches (3) One main stem, few lateral branches starting from the first nodes (5) Two or three main stems starting from the first nodes (7) Two or three main stems and other lateral branches (9) Densely branched ...
EPSO: Implementing the Nagoya Protocol by national legislation in the countries of Europe, statement, 3.7.2017, asking the European Commission and the Member States to support the adoption of uniform legislation across Europe for the exchange and use of Plant Genetic Resources by applying the multilateral system enshrined in the FAO International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (ITPGRFA). In this way these resources would be subject to the standardized material transfer agreement procedures, which are considered of key importance to sustain future research and breeding activities ...
Graviola (soursop) is used to treat infections caused by bacteria and parasites including leishmaniasis, a disease caused by parasites transmitted through the bite of sand fleas; herpes; coughs; and cancer, according to WebMD. It is also used to cause vomiting and to empty the bowels. Some people use graviola to help them relax.. Cancer Prevention. The leaves of the graviola tree have powerful anti-cancer properties coming from phytochemicals in the plant. The journal "Cancer Letters" published a study looking at the impact of graviola on pancreatic cancer. Supplementing with graviola stopped cancerous pancreatic tumor cells from replicating and caused them to die. Researchers suggest this natural medicine may prevent and treat cancer. The leaves may also be useful for treating skin cancer when applied topically.. Treating Viral Infections. Traditional medicines use graviola leaves as treatment for viral infections. An article published in "The Journal of Ethnopharmacology" in May of 1998 found ...
Graviola Leaf Powder (non-GMO)- the Brazilian rainforests powerhouse made from Raw Soursop Leaf. 100% Pure Fresh Graviola Powder.
It turns out the drug company invested nearly seven years trying to synthesize two of the Graviola trees most powerful anti-cancer ingredients. If they could isolate and produce man-made clones of what makes the Graviola so potent, theyd be able to patent it and make their money back. Alas, they hit a brick wall. The original simply could not be replicated. There was no way the company could protect its profits-or even make back the millions it poured into research ...
NRx Graviola Extract is the most potent on the market today. Meticulously extracted to a 10:1 extract. Each capsule contains an equivalent to 5000mg of Graviola leaf and stem.
... fruit and fruit juice are taken for worms and parasites, to cool fevers, to increase mothers milk after childbirth, and as an astringent for diarrhea and dysentery. The crushed seeds are used against internal and external parasites, head lice, and worms. The bark, leaves, and roots are considered sedative, antispasmodic, hypotensive.
Graviola fruit is not just a plant that grows in South America, it is a miraculous natural enemy of cancer in the body, stronger than chemotherapy
Graviola fruit is not just a plant that grows in South America, it is a miraculous natural enemy of cancer in the body, stronger than chemotherapy
[ad_1] Graviola is an exciting cancer alternative remedy which medicinal properties have been recognized for centuries by the native population of ...
Cancer Research UK also released a statement about the alleged cancer "cure" that included these sentences: "Overall, there is no evidence to show that graviola works as a cure for cancer. In laboratory studies, graviola extracts can kill some types of liver and breast cancer cells that are resistant to particular chemotherapy drugs. But there havent been any large scale studies in humans. So we dont know yet whether it can work as a cancer treatment or not. Many sites on the internet advertise and promote graviola capsules as a cancer cure, but none of them are supported by any reputable scientific cancer organisations. We do not support the use of graviola to treat cancer." ...
PubMED: 483 Scientific Articles On how Soursop Graviola MORINGASOP Cures Cancer ~E.G.Plott~ Display Settings:Summary,20 per page,Sorted by Recently AddedSource: plottpalmtree.miiduu.com
Health Supplements - Graviola, also known as Soursop, Guanabana, or Paw Paw, is a cancer-fighting herb. Find it available in many forms and quantities at A1 Discount Vitamins. - Choless Control 120 Capsules
Habit: Annual to perennial herb, generally erect. Stem: branches 0 or generally ascending to erect, hairy. Leaf: generally sessile; basal whorled, cauline generally alternate, reduced above (opposite below); generally strigose, rough-hairy, or bristly, largest bristles generally bulbous-based. Inflorescence: generally terminal, raceme- or generally spike-like cymes, in groups of 1--5 (> 5), generally coiled in bud, generally elongated in fruit; bracts generally 0. Flower: generally unscented, persistent or not; sepals fused at base; corolla tube generally 1--13 mm, limb 0.5--12 mm diam, generally white, appendages generally 5; anthers included; ovary generally 4-lobed. Fruit: pedicel 0 or < 12 mm in fruit; nutlets 1--4, generally gray to brown, smooth to granular, tubercled, or papillate, with abaxial, longitudinal ridge to not; margin rounded, sharp-edged, or a +- flat rim or wing; adaxially grooved above attachment scar, scar generally lateral, narrow, open to closed, raised or generally not, ...
Volume 3 Number 7 - December 2001. Anon.. This is a summary of the main findings of the review printed in BGCNews 3(6) June, 2001, about the plant genetic resource collections of botanic gardens worldwide, as a contribution to decision V/26 on Access to Genetic Resources of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity.. According to the present study there are currently 2,204 botanic gardens known in the world. Over 500 botanic gardens occur in Western Europe, more than 350 in North America and over 200 in East and Southeast Asia, of which the majority are in China. Most of the southern Asian botanic gardens are to be found in India. Most regions of the world have a range of botanic gardens although there are relatively few in North and Southern Africa, the Caribbean islands, South West Asia and the Middle East.. The full original text can be found at http://www.biodiv.org/programmes/socio-eco/benefit/bot-gards.asp ...
Transfer of alien genes into crop plants from wild and distant plant genetic resources has invoked tremendous interest of crop scientists globally and several traits including resistance to diseases a
18. Nesbitt, M., G. Hillman, L. Peña Chocarro, D. Samuel, and A. T. Szabó. 1996. "Checklist for recording the cultivation and uses of hulled wheats," in Hulled wheats. Proceedings of the First International Workshop on Hulled Wheats. Promoting the conservation and use of underutilized and neglected crops 4. Edited by S. Padulosi, K. Hammer, and J. Heller, pp. 234-245. Rome: International Plant Genetic Resources Institute. Or download entire Hulled Wheats book from ...
PGRFA accession of IPK Gatersleben Plant Genetic Resource Taxon: Triticum durum Desf. subsp. durum convar. durum subconvar. durum var. hordeiforme (Host) Körn. Accession number: TRI 570 Conserved by: DEU146 Acquisition: 1945 Origin country: AFG Biological status: Traditional cultivar/landrace MLS status: Included AEGIS status: Not included Historic: No ...
A MIRACULOUS natural cancer cell killer, 10,000 times stronger than chemotherapy." That was how the forwarded e-mail described the fruits of sour sop or graviola (more popularly known here as guyabano or labana).. "Whats more, unlike chemotherapy, the compound extracted from the graviola tree selectively hunts down and kills only cancer cells," the e-mail said. "It does not harm healthy cells!" In addition, it "effectively targets and kills malignant cells in 12 types of cancer, including colon, breast, prostate, lung and pancreatic cancer.". According to the email, a research has been conducted and showed that the extracts from guyabano can "attack cancer safely and effectively with an all-natural therapy that does not cause extreme nausea, weight loss and hair loss.". It also "protects your immune system and avoids deadly infections; feels stronger and healthier throughout the course of the treatment; and boosts your energy and improves your outlook on life.". One wonders: Why are people not ...
A MIRACULOUS natural cancer cell killer, 10,000 times stronger than chemotherapy." That was how the forwarded e-mail described the fruits of sour sop or graviola (more popularly known here as guyabano or labana).. "Whats more, unlike chemotherapy, the compound extracted from the graviola tree selectively hunts down and kills only cancer cells," the e-mail said. "It does not harm healthy cells!" In addition, it "effectively targets and kills malignant cells in 12 types of cancer, including colon, breast, prostate, lung and pancreatic cancer.". According to the email, a research has been conducted and showed that the extracts from guyabano can "attack cancer safely and effectively with an all-natural therapy that does not cause extreme nausea, weight loss and hair loss.". It also "protects your immune system and avoids deadly infections; feels stronger and healthier throughout the course of the treatment; and boosts your energy and improves your outlook on life.". One wonders: Why are people not ...
Yes, cure cancer naturally with a fruit grown in the Amazon Rain Forest that is ten thousand times more effective than chemotherapy. Learn more about this miraculous plant that the indigenous indians of the Amazon have been using for centuries.
It turns out the drug company invested nearly seven years trying to synthesize two of the Graviola trees most powerful anti-cancer ingredients. If they could isolate and produce man-made clones of what makes the Graviola so potent, theyd be able to patent it and make their money back. Alas, they hit a brick wall. The original simply could not be replicated. There was no way the company could protect its profits-or even make back the millions it poured into research ...
It turns out the drug company invested nearly seven years trying to synthesize two of the Graviola trees most powerful anti-cancer ingredients. If they could isolate and produce man-made clones of what makes the Graviola so potent, theyd be able to patent it and make their money back. Alas, they hit a brick wall. The original simply could not be replicated. There was no way the company could protect its profits-or even make back the millions it poured into research ...
Graviolas side effects include potentially destroying nerve cells in the brain and other parts of the body as well as causing movement disorders comparable to Parkinsons disease, according to...
Many of the gene expression and potential functional changes we observed in this study were of small magnitude and not statistically significant. We were also unable to detect any transcriptomic changes for the winter samples subjected to cold stress at 15 °C. It is also worth noting that the number of enriched functions was higher when summer collected samples were subjected to cold as compared to thermal stress, while winter collected samples exhibited the opposite pattern. We hypothesized that this could indicate the regulation of post-transcriptional genes at a lower level of stress or represent the technical limit of this study. However, small changes in gene expression has been previously demonstrated to be of physiological relevance in the study of sexual maturation in the brains of salmon [19], and stress handling of trout [20]. As such, the small transcriptional changes observed in this study could be due to physiological fine-tuning on the part of the host.. We detected an ...
basis of record Gofas, S.; Le Renard, J.; Bouchet, P. (2001). Mollusca. in: Costello, M.J. et al. (eds), European Register of Marine Species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Patrimoines Naturels. 50: 180-213. (look up in IMIS) [details] ...
Graviola, or soursop, is a tropical fruit native to South America and the Caribbean. It has been found to be powerful in killing cancer cells.
10000 times stronger killer of CANCER than Chemo.. do share it.. can save many lives, fill up hopes and build confidence in the patients... The Sour Sop or the fruit from the graviola tree is a miraculous natural cancer cell killer 10,000 times stronger than Chemo..Why are we not aware of this? Its because some big corporation want to make back their money spent on years of research by trying to make a synthetic version of it for sale.So, since you know it now you can help a friend in need by letting him know or just drink some sour sop juice yourself as prevention from time to time. The taste is not bad after all. Its completely natural and definitely has no side effects. If you have the space, plant one in your gardenThe other parts of the tree are also useful. ...
Green Renaissance with Vivia J Liscene and 45 others The Sour Sop or the fruit from the Graviola tree is a miraculous natural cancer cell killer 10,000 times stronger than Chemo. The National Cancer Institute performed the first scientific research in 1976. The results showed that Graviolas
Cancer Cure: The Story About Graviola and CancerThe National Cancer Institute (NCI) is one of the National Institutes of Health (NIH). In 1998, t...
Guanabana - 13 results from brands EAS, products like Yus Guanabana Powder Drink 12.7 oz - Agua fresca sabor a Guanabana (Pack of 12), Jugo De Guanabana Graviola Juice 100% Natural 32fl.oz Sin Azucar Ni Calorias, Tetra pack Guava Nectar Taoro 32 oz Pack of 3
Lista de especies halladas en la vegetación de Caatinga de Brasil. Corrientemente se hacen agregados a esta lista. Anexo:Especies vegetales del bosque atlántico de Brasil Anexo:especies vegetales del Cerrado de Brasil Anexo:Especies de la vegetación de Pantanal de Brasil Anexo:Lista oficial de flora amenazada de Brasil Índice A B C D E F G H I J K L M N Ñ O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Anisacanthus brasiliensis Lindau Anisacanthus trilobus Lindau Lophostachys floribunda Ness Ruellia asperula Benth. & Hook.f. Ruellia geminiflora Kunth Alternanthera brasiliana (L.) Kuntze Alternanthera moquini (Webb ex Moq.) Dusén Gomphrena reticulata Seub. Gomphrena prostrata Mart. Iresine polymorpha Mart. Myracrodruon urundeuva M.Allemão Schinopsis brasiliensis Engl. Schinus terebinthifolius Raddi Spondias tuberosa Arruda Annona coriacea Mart. Annona glabra Forssk. Annona spinescens Mart. Xylopia frutescens Aubl. Allamanda anothearifolia A.DC. Allamanda blanchetii A.DC. Allamanda puberula A.DC. Aspidosperma ...
Diospyros crassiflora is an evergreen Tree growing to 15 m (49ft) by 12 m (39ft) at a slow rate. It is hardy to zone (UK) 10. The plant is not self-fertile. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers moist soil.
Black Salve is a herbal based product, featuring two principal herbs that are said historically to have pharmacologically demonstrated anti-cancer properties, Blood Root (Sanguinaria canadensis) and Chaparral (Larrea mexicata). Recent versions of Black Salve include Galangal root (Alpinia officinarium) or Ginger root (Zingiber officinale), and sometimes Graviola leaf (Annona muricata).
Bullatacina es un bis ( tetrahidrofurano ) de ácidos grasos lactona que se encuentra en algunas frutas de la familia Annonaceae. Es un miembro de la clase de compuestos conocidos como acetogeninas.[2]​[3]​[4]​ Número CAS H. Naito; E. Kawahara; K. Maruta; M. Maeda; S. Sasaki (1995). «The First Total Synthesis of (+)-Bullatacin, a Potent Antitumor Annonaceous Acetogenin, and (+)-(15,24)-bis-epi-Bullatacin». Journal of Organic Chemistry 60 (14): 4419-4427. doi:10.1021/jo00119a019. H.-W. Chih; H.-F. Chiu; K.-S. Tang; F.-R. Chang; Y.-C. Wu (2001). «Bullatacin, a potent antitumor annonaceous acetogenin, inhibits proliferation of human hepatocarcinoma cell line 2.2.15 by apoptosis induction». Life Sciences 69 (11): 1321-1331. PMID 11521756. doi:10.1016/S0024-3205(01)01209-7. Y.-H. Hui; J. K. Rupprecht; Y. M. Liu; J. E. Anderson; D. L. Smith; C.-J. Chang; J. L. McLaughlin (1989). «Bullatacin and Bullatacinone: Two Highly Potent Bioactive Acetogenins from Annona bullata». Journal of Natural ...
Define Annonaceae. Annonaceae synonyms, Annonaceae pronunciation, Annonaceae translation, English dictionary definition of Annonaceae. Noun 1. Annonaceae - chiefly tropical trees or shrubs custard-apple family, family Annonaceae magnoliid dicot family - family of dicotyledonous flowering...
Robinson s No Added Sugar Apple Backcurrant 1l - Apple and blackcurrant juice with no added sugar. Ingredients Water, Fruit Juices from Concentrate (Apple 9%, Blackcurrant 1%, Plum), Acids (Citric Aci
Esta é uma lista de plantas silvestres nativas da vegetação do Cerrado brasileiro. Veja também: Lista de plantas silvestres da Amazônia Lista de plantas da Caatinga Lista de plantas da Mata Atlântica Lista da flora do Pantanal Anacardium humile A. St.-Hil. Anacardium occidentale L. Astronium fraxinifolium Schott. Astronium ulei Mattick Lithraea molleoides (Vell.) Engl. Myracrodruon urundeuva Allemão Spondias purpurea L. Schinus terebinthifolius Raddi Tapirira guianensis Aubl. Tapirira marchandii Engl. Annona cacans Warm. Annona coriacea Mart. Annona crassiflora Mart. Annona dioica A. St.-Hil. Duguetia furfuracea (A. St.-Hil.) Saff. Xylopia aromatica (Lam.) Mart. Xylopia brasiliensis Spreng. Xylopia sericea A. St.-Hil. Aspidosperma dasycarpon A. DC. Aspidosperma macrocarpon Mart. Aspidosperma tomentosum Mart. Aspidosperma verbascifolium Müll. Arg. Hancornia speciosa Gomes Himatanthus obovatus (Müll. Arg.) Woodson Ilex conocarpa Reiss Didymopanax macrocarpum (Cham. et Sch.) Seem ...
Support Orchards, Mango (Mangifera indica) var., Avocado (Persea americana) var., Lemon (Citrus lemon) var., Longan (Dimocarpus longan), Mandarin (Citrus reticulata) var., Jaboticaba (Myrciaria cauliflora), Custard Apple (Annona reticulata), Cherimoya (Annona cherimola), Black Sapote (Diospyros digyna), Jack Fruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus), Orange (Citrus sinensis) var., Grape (Vitis vinfera), Red Paw Paw (Carica papaya), Passion Fruit (Passiflora edulis), Kiwi Fruit (Actinidia deliciosa)
International Plant Genetic Resources Institute (IPGRI) (1995) Descriptors for black pepper (Piper nigrum L.). International Plant Genetic Resources Institute 47 p ...
Moringa Seeds in India, Moringa Seeds Products, Moringa Seeds Suppliers in India, Moringa Seeds Manufacturers in India - India Yellow Pages Online. Looking for Moringa Seeds in India, Moringa Seeds Products, Moringa Seeds Suppliers in India, Moringa Seeds Manufacturers in India - India Yellow Pages Online? Get Suppliers / Manufacturers / Retailers Company List in India, India
Back and Sides - American Black Walnut [Juglans nigra, Family-Juglandaceae], Very high figure. Top - Western Red Cedar [Cedrela guianensis]. Neck - Honduran Mahogany [Swietenia macrophylla, Family-Meliaceae] M&T bolt on. 12-fret to body, 24.9 scale. Truss Rod - Double Action Hot Rod - sound hole adjustable. Brace Wood - Adirondack Red Spruce [Picea ruben]. Headstock Face - American Black Walnut. Headstock Binding - Fretboard - Ebony [Diospyrus crassiflora, Family-Ebenaceae]. Fretboard Binding - Ebony. Bridge - Ebony. Bridge Pins - Ebony. Bridge Patch - Honduras Rosewood (Dalbergia stevensonii). Heel Cap - Ebony. Tail Graft - Indian Rosewood [Dalgergia latifolia, Family-Leguminosae]. Binding - Indian Rosewood. Purfling - w/b/w sides and top. Inlay - Donkey Shell D on headstock, MOP small slot diamonds on FB. Rosette - Donkey Shell and b/w/b rings. Nut and Saddle - Bone. Nut width 1-13/16", saddle 2-3/8". Tuners - Waverly 3-on-a-plate engraved open-gear with ivoroid buttons. Strings - John ...
Fever is a complex physiological response triggered by infectious or aseptic stimuli. The present investigation was carried out to study the antipyretic activity of Polyalthia longifolia extracts in Wistar rats against Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) -induced pyrexia. P. longifolia Benth. & Hook. f. var. Pendula (Annonaceae) is an evergreen tropical tree well known for its numerous medicinal proper-ties. Methanol extracts of the leaves, stem bark and root of the plant were tested for their antipyret-ic activities at doses of 30, 100 and 300 mg kg-1 body weight using LPS-induced antipyretic activity model. All extracts showed significant (p , 0.001) dose-dependent antipyretic activity. At 300 mg kg-1, all extracts exhibited activities higher than that of Acetylsalicyclic acid (Aspirin) whose per-centage inhibition of pyrexia was 86%. The root extract was the most active with a percentage inhi-bition of 127.5%, followed by the leaf extract (123.0%) and the stem bark extract (99.2%). This study proves P. ...
Ayurvedic Moringa Shampoo in Bangalore, Ayurvedic Moringa Shampoo Products, Ayurvedic Moringa Shampoo Suppliers in Bangalore, Ayurvedic Moringa Shampoo Manufacturers in Bangalore - Bangalore Yellow Pages Online. Looking for Ayurvedic Moringa Shampoo in Bangalore, Ayurvedic Moringa Shampoo Products, Ayurvedic Moringa Shampoo Suppliers in Bangalore, Ayurvedic Moringa Shampoo Manufacturers in Bangalore - Bangalore Yellow Pages Online? Get Suppliers / Manufacturers / Retailers Company List in Bangalore, Karnataka India
ABSTRACT. The present work presents a first characterization of the oil from the Moringa (Moringa oleifera) kernel as a potential candidate for biodiesel production. Moringa is an indigenous tree in the Yucatan Peninsula in Mexico, where there is a nascent biodiesel industry. Several extraction methods are compared in terms of the extraction yields, including solvent extraction (n-hexane and ethanol), and supercritical extraction (Sc-CO2). The results are also compared against previously reported data. For supercritical extraction pressures of 200 to 400 bar and temperatures of 40˚C and 60˚C were tested. Gas Chromatography analysis reveals that the main fatty acids in Moringa oil are oleic acid (69%), palmitic acid (10%) and stearic acid (8%).. 1. Introduction. Moringa oleifera, known as "Moringa" or "Malunggay" is an Indian tree that also grows in Asia, Africa, Southamerica, the Caribbean and Oceania. The oil extracted from Moringa is known as Ben oil and reportedly contains 70% of oleic ...

Annona squamosa - WikipediaAnnona squamosa - Wikipedia

Annona asiatica L.[2]. Annona cinerea Dunal. Guanabanus squamosus (L.)M.Gómez[3]Xylopia glabra L.[4]. Annona forskahlii DC.[5] ... It tolerates a tropical lowland climate better than its relatives Annona reticulata and Annona cherimola[5] (whose fruits often ... "Compilation: Annona squamosa". Global Plants. JSTOR. Retrieved 2019-09-05.. *^ a b c d Morton, Julia (1987). "Sugar Apple ... Data related to Annona squamosa at Wikispecies *. "Annona squamosa L." Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 17 ...
more infohttps://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Annona_squamosa

Rheological behavior of mixed drink of annona and milkRheological behavior of mixed drink of annona and milk

Annona squamosa) integral e também da polpa de pinha com diferentes percentuais de leite (75g de polpa de pinha/25g de leite; ...
more infohttp://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_abstract&pid=S0100-69162012000200013&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=pt

Evaluation of the anti-mycobacterium tuberculosis activity and in vivo acute toxicity of Annona sylvatic.  - PubMed - NCBIEvaluation of the anti-mycobacterium tuberculosis activity and in vivo acute toxicity of Annona sylvatic. - PubMed - NCBI

Evaluation of the anti-mycobacterium tuberculosis activity and in vivo acute toxicity of Annona sylvatic.. Araujo RC, Neves FA ... Of the 28 extracts, the methanol extract obtained from the leaves of Annona sylvatica showed anti-mycobacterial activity with ... Evaluation of the anti-mycobacterium tuberculosis activity and in vivo acute toxicity of Annona sylvatic ... Evaluation of the anti-mycobacterium tuberculosis activity and in vivo acute toxicity of Annona sylvatic ...
more infohttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/?cmd=Search&term=Vanessa%20Souza%20Ara%C3%BAjo

Phenological characterization and temperature requirements of Annona squamosa L. in the Brazilian semiarid regionPhenological characterization and temperature requirements of Annona squamosa L. in the Brazilian semiarid region

MENDES, DÉBORA S. et al. Phenological characterization and temperature requirements of Annona squamosa L. in the Brazilian ... Annona squamosa, during two crop cycles in the semiarid region of Brazil. Phenological stages were divided into eight of ten ...
more infohttp://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_abstract&pid=S0001-37652017000502293&lng=pt&nrm=iso

IJMS | Free Full-Text | Antinociceptive and Anti-Inflammatory Activities of the Ethanol Extract of Annona muricata L. Leaves in...IJMS | Free Full-Text | Antinociceptive and Anti-Inflammatory Activities of the Ethanol Extract of Annona muricata L. Leaves in...

Keywords: Annona muricata; Annonaceae; antinociceptive activity; anti-inflammatory activity Annona muricata; Annonaceae; ... Antinociceptive and Anti-Inflammatory Activities of the Ethanol Extract of Annona muricata L. Leaves in Animal Models. Orlando ... Antinociceptive and anti-inflammatory activities of the ethanol extract from Annonamuricata L. leaves were investigated in ... "Antinociceptive and Anti-Inflammatory Activities of the Ethanol Extract of Annona muricata L. Leaves in Animal Models." Int. J ...
more infohttp://www.mdpi.com/1422-0067/11/5/2067

The Annona muricata leaf ethanol extract affects mobility and reproduction in mutant strain NB327 Caenorhabditis elegansThe Annona muricata leaf ethanol extract affects mobility and reproduction in mutant strain NB327 Caenorhabditis elegans

... A.V. ... Annona muricata leaves induced apoptosis in A549 cells through mitochondrial-mediated pathway and involvement of NF-κB. BMC ... 1. Moghadamtousi S.Z., Fadaeinasab M., Nikzad S., Mohan G., Ali H.M., Kadir H.A. Annona muricata (Annonaceae): a review of its ... Keywords: Caenorhabtidis elegans (C.elegans), Strain NB327, Gene dic-1, Gene dice-1, Annona muricata (A. muricata) ...
more infohttp://pubmedcentralcanada.ca/pmcc/articles/PMC5614673/

Srikaya (Annona squamosa L.) | CCRCSrikaya (Annona squamosa L.) | CCRC

Yang Y.L., Hua K.F., Chuang P.H., Wu S.H., Wu K.Y., Chang F.R., and Wu Y.C., 2008, New cyclic peptides from the seeds of Annona ... Yang H.J., Li X., Zhang N., Chen J.W., Wang M.Y., 2009, Two new cytotoxic acetogenins from Annona squamosa., J Asian Nat Prod ... Yang H., Zhang N., Li X., He L., and Chen J., 2009, New nonadjacent bis-THF ring acetogenins from the seeds of Annona squamosa ... M.J., Chavan, Wakte P.S., and Shinde D.B., 2009, Analgesic and anti-inflammatory activity of caryophyllene oxide from Annona ...
more infohttp://ccrc.farmasi.ugm.ac.id/en/?page_id=2288

De novo assembly and characterization of transcriptomes of early-stage fruit from two genotypes of Annona squamosa L. with...De novo assembly and characterization of transcriptomes of early-stage fruit from two genotypes of Annona squamosa L. with...

Annona squamosa L., a popular fruit tree, is the most widely cultivated species of the genus Annona. The lack of transcriptomic ... Annona: Annona cherimola, A. muricata, A. reticulata, A. senegalensis, A. squamosa. Southampton, UK: University of Southampton ... The pulp is of nutritional and medicinal value [7,8], rich in calories, vitamin C, and minerals [1,9,10]. Annona fruits have ... Two Annona genotypes with contrast in fruit seed number (Figure 1), Sitaphal and NMK-1, were used in this study. Sitaphal is a ...
more infohttps://bmcgenomics.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12864-015-1248-3

Formulation and evaluation of herbal ointment for wound healing and anti marking activity by using Vitis venifera and Annona...Formulation and evaluation of herbal ointment for wound healing and anti marking activity by using Vitis venifera and Annona...

Annona reticulatais a small deciduous or semi-ever green tree in the plant family Annonaceae. It is best known for its fruit, ... Annona reticulatais a small deciduous or semi-ever green tree in the plant family Annonaceae. It is best known for its fruit, ... The both Annona reticulata (custard apple) and Vitis venifera (grapes) are well known plants in Indian traditional medicine. ... The plants of genus Annona reticulata belong to the family of Annonaceae is native of west india , eastern and south india as ...
more infohttp://www.pharmatutor.org/articles/formulation-evaluation-herbal-ointment-wound-healing-antimarking-activity-vitis-venifera-annonareticulata-seeds-extract

1 oz. Graviola Leaf Powder Soursop (Annona muricata) Organic Peru1 oz. Graviola Leaf Powder Soursop (Annona muricata) Organic Peru

Annona muricata, called soursop due to the sweet and sour flavor of the large fruit, is a lowland tropical fruit-bearing tree ... Annona muricata, called soursop due to the sweet and sour flavor of the large fruit, is a lowland tropical fruit-bearing tree ... Its fruits are the largest of the Annona species, 20-30 cm (8-12 in) long, often weighing 4.5 kg, with exceptional fruits as ...
more infohttps://oursacredgarden.ecrater.com/p/26003024/1-oz-graviola-leaf-powder-soursop

New ent-kauranes from the fruits of Annona glabra and their inhibitory nitric oxide production in LPS-stimulated RAW264.7...New ent-kauranes from the fruits of Annona glabra and their inhibitory nitric oxide production in LPS-stimulated RAW264.7...

T1 - New ent-kauranes from the fruits of Annona glabra and their inhibitory nitric oxide production in LPS-stimulated RAW264.7 ... New ent-kauranes from the fruits of Annona glabra and their inhibitory nitric oxide production in LPS-stimulated RAW264.7 ... New ent-kauranes from the fruits of Annona glabra and their inhibitory nitric oxide production in LPS-stimulated RAW264.7 ... title = "New ent-kauranes from the fruits of Annona glabra and their inhibitory nitric oxide production in LPS-stimulated ...
more infohttps://yonsei.pure.elsevier.com/en/publications/new-ent-kauranes-from-the-fruits-of-annona-glabra-and-their-inhib

Aqueous extractof Annona squamosa (L.) ameliorates renal failure induced by 5/6 nephrectomy in rat  - ABIM - An Annotated...Aqueous extractof Annona squamosa (L.) ameliorates renal failure induced by 5/6 nephrectomy in rat - ABIM - An Annotated...

Aqueous extractof Annona squamosa (L.) ameliorates renal failure induced by 5/6 nephrectomy in rat ... Aqueous extractof Annona squamosa (L) ameliorates renal failure induced by 5/6 nephrectomy in rat. ... Deshmukh, Aaishwarya B., Jayvadan K. Patel (2011) Aqueous extractof Annona squamosa (L.) ameliorates renal failure induced by 5 ...
more infohttp://indianmedicine.eldoc.ub.rug.nl/65005/

The flavonoid content and antiproliferative, hypoglycaemic, anti-inflammatory and free radical scavenging activities of Annona...The flavonoid content and antiproliferative, hypoglycaemic, anti-inflammatory and free radical scavenging activities of Annona...

Annona dioica St. Hill (Annonacaeae) is a Brazilian plant used in folk medicine for the treatment of several types of ... anti-inflammatory and free radical scavenging activities of Annona dioica St. Hill ...
more infohttps://bmccomplementmedtherapies.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1472-6882-13-14/tables/1

Anona mäkkoostnatá - WikipédiaAnona mäkkoostnatá - Wikipédia

Annona muricata; plod, príp. aj rastlina, sa ľudovo nazýva quanabana, guanabana, veľký/ostnatý corossol, ostnatý cachiman, ... Quantification of acetogenins in Annona muricata linked to atypical parkinsonism in guadeloupe. Movement Disorders, 2005-12-01 ... že annona je účinným liekom na lieťbu rakoviny" a nadvazujúc na to ju nepodporujú jej použitie ako lieku na rakovinu.[8] ... že Annona funguje ako liek na rakovinu. V laboratórnych podmienkach extrakt z annony môže zabiť niektoré typy rakoviny pečene a ...
more infohttps://sk.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anona_m%C3%A4kkoostnat%C3%A1

Anticancer Archives - Rainbow GroceryAnticancer Archives - Rainbow Grocery

The folk medicine, Annona muricata, is used in many countries as the traditional treatment for cancer. Other names for this ...
more infohttp://www.rainbow.coop/nutritional-library/miscellaneous/anticancer/

Annonaceae - Biodiversity Heritage LibraryAnnonaceae - Biodiversity Heritage Library

Annona contrerasii (Annonaceae), especie nueva del estado de Guerrero, México By: Jiménez Ramirez, Jaime. - Soto-Núñez,José ... Some photosynthetic and growth responses of Annona glabra L. seedlings to soil flooding By: Mielke,Marcelo S. - Matos,Elyabe M ... Florivory and sex ratio in Annona dioica St. Hil. (Annonaceae) in the Pantanal at Nhecolândia, southwestern Brazil By: Paulino ... Estructura y diversidad genética de Annona squamosa en huertos familiares mayas de la península de Yucatán By: Salazar,Carmen ...
more infohttps://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/subject/Annonaceae/year

Bullocks Heart Facts, Health Benefits & Nutritional ValueBullock's Heart Facts, Health Benefits & Nutritional Value

Annona reticulata is Vitamin C and Carbohydrate rich fruit support for Anthelmintic, Antipyretic, Analgesic and Wound healing ... Bullocks Heart is the fruit of Annona reticulate of species Annona which is generally thought to be native of the West Indies ... http://tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Annona+reticulata. http://www.tipdisease.com/2014/12/benefits-and-nutrition- ...
more infohttps://www.healthbenefitstimes.com/bullocks-heart/

cherimolin-1
     Summary Report | CureHuntercherimolin-1 Summary Report | CureHunter

... an acetogenin from seeds of Annona cherimolia; inhibits NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase (complex I); structure in first source ... an acetogenin from seeds of Annona cherimolia; inhibits NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase (complex I); structure in first source ...
more infohttp://www.curehunter.com/public/keywordSummaryC109215-cherimolin-1.do

fruit trees bay area - 28 images - bay area bacchini s fruit tree 摘水果 快樂心地 pchome 個人新聞台, rogue chicken sabotage inspires...fruit trees bay area - 28 images - bay area bacchini s fruit tree 摘水果 快樂心地 pchome 個人新聞台, rogue chicken sabotage inspires...

... tropical fruit trees akee all spice ambarella annona ... bay area tropical fruit trees akee all spice ambarella annona" ... fruit trees bay area - tropical fruit trees akee all spice ambarella annona. . ... alt="fruit trees bay area tropical fruit trees akee all spice ambarella annona"/,. ...
more infohttp://djbbbs.com/fruit-trees-bay-area.html

Malaysian Journal of Nutrition - Journal of the Nutrition Society of MalaysiaMalaysian Journal of Nutrition - Journal of the Nutrition Society of Malaysia

Influence of Pre-treatment on Secondary Metabolites and Hypo-Glycemic Activity of Custard Apple (Annona squamosa) Peel. Nilam ...
more infohttp://nutriweb.org.my/publications/mjn0022_3/default.php

perihalbarah: Durian Belandaperihalbarah: Durian Belanda

Genus: Annona Species: muricata Synonyms: Annona macrocarpa , A. bonplandiana, A. cearensis, Guanabanus muricatus Common names: ... Also known as Annona muricata, soursop or guananbaba, the possible Graviola cancer cure has been under investigation since the ... Its scientific name is Annona muricata. It is also known as cherimoya, guanabana, soursop, custard apple, and brazilian paw paw ...
more infohttp://perihalbarah.blogspot.com/2011/12/durian-belanda.html

Annonaceae - WikipédiaAnnonaceae - Wikipédia

Annona muricata, le corossol.. *Annona reticulata, le cœur de bœuf.. *Annona squamosa, la pomme cannelle. ...
more infohttps://fr.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Annonaceae

Graviola Extract in BulkGraviola Extract in Bulk

Description: Annona Graviola Fruit Extract is a substance that comes from a tree in the rain forests of Africa, South America, ... Description: Annona Graviola Fruit Extract is a substance that comes from a tree in the rain forests of Africa, South America, ... Its scientific name is Annona muricata. It is also known as custard apple, cherimoya, guanabana,.... ... Its scientific name is Annona muricata. It is also known as custard apple, cherimoya, guanabana,.... ...
more infohttp://www.sino-excellent.com/tag/graviola-extract-in-bulk.html
  • Of the 28 extracts, the methanol extract obtained from the leaves of Annona sylvatica showed anti-mycobacterial activity with an minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) of 184.33 μg/mL, and the ethyl acetate fraction (EAF) resulting from liquid-liquid partitioning of the A. sylvatica extract showed an MIC of 115.2 μg/mL. (nih.gov)
  • A few rare accessions with very few seeds have been reported for Annona . (biomedcentral.com)
  • Its fruits are the largest of the Annona species, 20-30 cm (8-12 in) long, often weighing 4.5 kg, with exceptional fruits as large as 7 kg (Flora of Pakistan 2011, NAS 1989). (ecrater.com)
  • To the best of our knowledge this is the first chemical characterization, antituberculosis activity and acute toxicity evaluation of Annona sylvatica. (nih.gov)
  • Evaluation of the anti-mycobacterium tuberculosis activity and in vivo acute toxicity of Annona sylvatic. (nih.gov)
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