Fracture Fixation, Internal
Femoral Neck Fractures
Lateral Ligament, Ankle
Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary
Range of Motion, Articular
Sprains and Strains
Recovery of Function
Physical Therapy Modalities
Ankle Brachial Index
Bone Density Conservation Agents
Injury Severity Score
Closed total (pan-talar) dislocation of the talus with delayed presentation: a rare case report and review of the literature. (1/6)(+info)
Research and application of absorbable screw in orthopedics: a clinical review comparing PDLLA screw with metal screw in patients with simple medial malleolus fracture. (2/6)OBJECTIVE: To observe the therapeutic effect of absorbable screw in medial malleolus fracture and discuss its clinical application in orthopedics. METHODS: A total of 129 patients with simple medial malleolus fracture were studied. Among them, 64 patients were treated with poly-D, L-lactic acid (PDLLA) absorbable screws, while the others were treated with metal screws. All the patients were followed up for 12-20 months (averaged 18.4 months) and the therapeutic effect was evaluated according to the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society clinical rating systems. RESULTS: In absorbable screw group, we obtained excellent and good results in 62 cases (96.88%); in steel screw group, 61 cases (93.85%) achieved excellent and good results. There was no significant difference between the two groups. CONCLUSION: In the treatment of malleolus fracture, absorbable screw can achieve the same result compared with metal screw fixation. Absorbable screw is preferred due to its advantages of safety, cleanliness and avoiding the removal procedure associated with metallic implants. (+info)
Orthopaedic surgeon's nightmare: iatrogenic fractures of talus and medial malleolus following tibial nailing. (3/6)Intramedullary interlocking nailing is the gold standard for treatment of tibial shaft fractures. The growing use of intramedullary nailing has resulted in an increased number of tibial nailing in daily clinical practice. Despite adequate surgeon experience, tibial nailing is not without complications if proper techniques are not followed. A case of iatrogenic talar neck and medial malleolus fractures during intramedullary nailing of tibia in a 24-year-old male is reported. It is believed to be caused by forceful hammering of insertion zig with foot dorsiflexed. To the best of our knowledge, no such case has been reported in the literature. It is possible to reduce the risk of this complication by adoption of preventive measures. (+info)
Bosworth fracture-dislocation of the ankle: a case report. (4/6)Bosworth fracture-dislocation of the ankle is a rare injury in which the proximal fibular fragment is entrapped behind the tibia. Closed reduction is extremely difficult to achieve. Early open reduction and internal fixation enables a better outcome by minimising soft-tissue damage. We report on a 36-year-old man who underwent open reduction and internal fixation for a Bosworth fracture-dislocation of the ankle complicated by severe soft-tissue swelling and an impending risk of skin necrosis after failed closed reduction. (+info)
3D model analysis of existing CT syndesmosis measurements. (5/6)INTRODUCTION: Use of Computed Tomography (CT) to evaluate syndesmotic reduction following injury has significantly increased in recent years. The aim of this study was to compare existing clinical measurements of syndesmotic reduction to gold standard measurements of fibular motion obtained from a full 3D model. METHODS: Three common clinical measures for assessing syndesmotic congruity on axial CT slices were identified in the literature. Each measure was manually performed on 170 cadaveric ankle CT scans obtained with variable degrees of simulated syndesmotic displacement. Clinical measures were assessed for intraobserver and interobserver reliability and compared to objective measures of true medial/lateral and anterior/posterior translation and fibular rotation that were obtained from a 3D model. Pearson correlation coefficients (PCC) were computed to determine which clinical measurements were most accurate for describing syndesmotic motion obtained from the 3D model. RESULTS: All three clinical measurement techniques demonstrated good to excellent interobserver and intraobserver reliability. Medial/lateral displacement of the fibula was best correlated with the difference between the anterior and posterior tibiofibular joint space measurements described by Elgafy et al (PCC = 0.29 small correlation). Anterior/posterior displacement of the fibula was well correlated with the anterior/posterior measurement described by Phisitkul et al (PCC = 0.69 large correlation). Fibular rotation was best correlated with the average of the Elgafy anterior and posterior tibiofibular joint space measurements (PCC = 0.33, moderate correlation). Proximal/ distal displacement of the lateral malleolus was best correlated with the Elgafy posterior tibiofibular joint space measurement (PCC = 0.49, moderate correlation). DISCUSSION: While the clinical measurements were adequately reproducible, they showed only moderate to small correlations with the 3D measurements of movement of the fibula in the longitudinal, medial/lateral or rotational directions. The only fibular translation measured by the 3D model that was well described by the three clinical measures was fibular movement in the anterior/ posterior direction. This work demonstrates a need for improved clinical measurements of syndesmotic congruity on axial CT scans to serve as surrogates for the true movement of the fibula. (+info)
Combined ankle and talus fractures--a case report. (6/6)A 50-year-old male patient sustained a supination-adduction type ankle fracture with an associated sagittal split fracture of the talus. The patient was treated initially in a short leg splint, and upon presentation to an orthopaedic surgeon, an external fixator was applied. After the soft tissue swelling improved enough to permit open reduction and internal fixation, the patient was brought back to the operating room for definitive treatment with removal of the external fixator and open reduction and placement of internal fixation. The patient's postoperative course was uncomplicated. At the 6-week follow-up visit, he was noted to have a radiographic Hawkin's sign in the dome of the talus. At 3 months postoperatively, he was weightbearing as tolerated with radiographic evidence of fracture healing, and his ankle range of motion was from 30 degrees of plantar flexion to 15 degrees of dorsiflexion. At 6 months postoperatively, the patient had no complaints and was ambulating in a regular shoe. His plantar flexion was 35 degrees and his dorsiflexion was 15 degrees . His subtalar motion was from 5 degrees of eversion to 10 degrees of inversion. He returned for his one-year follow-up doing well without complaints, and he had returned to his previous activities. (+info)
There are many different types of ankle injuries, ranging from mild sprains and strains to more severe fractures and dislocations. Some common causes of ankle injuries include:
* Rolling or twisting the ankle
* Landing awkwardly on the foot
* Direct blows to the ankle
* Overuse or repetitive motion
Symptoms of an ankle injury can vary depending on the severity of the injury, but may include:
* Pain and tenderness in the ankle area
* Swelling and bruising
* Difficulty moving the ankle or putting weight on it
* Instability or a feeling of the ankle giving way
* Limited range of motion
Ankle injuries can be diagnosed through a combination of physical examination, imaging tests such as X-rays or MRIs, and other diagnostic procedures. Treatment for ankle injuries may include:
* Rest and ice to reduce swelling and pain
* Compression bandages to help stabilize the ankle
* Elevation of the injured ankle to reduce swelling
* Physical therapy exercises to strengthen the muscles around the ankle and improve range of motion
* Bracing or taping to provide support and stability
* In some cases, surgery may be necessary to repair damaged ligaments or bones.
It is important to seek medical attention if symptoms persist or worsen over time, as untreated ankle injuries can lead to chronic pain, instability, and limited mobility. With proper treatment and care, however, many people are able to recover from ankle injuries and return to their normal activities without long-term complications.
Open fracture: The bone breaks through the skin, exposing the bone to the outside environment.
Closed fracture: The bone breaks, but does not penetrate the skin.
Comminuted fracture: The bone is broken into many pieces.
Hairline fracture: A thin crack in the bone that does not fully break it.
Non-displaced fracture: The bone is broken, but remains in its normal position.
Displaced fracture: The bone is broken and out of its normal position.
Stress fracture: A small crack in the bone caused by repetitive stress or overuse.
There are several types of hip fractures, including:
1. Femoral neck fracture: A break in the thin neck of the femur just above the base of the thigh bone.
2. Subtrochanteric fracture: A break between the lesser trochanter (a bony prominence on the upper end of the femur) and the neck of the femur.
3. Diaphyseal fracture: A break in the shaft of the femur, which is the longest part of the bone.
4. Metaphyseal fracture: A break in the area where the thigh bone meets the pelvis.
Hip fractures can be caused by a variety of factors, including:
1. Osteoporosis: A condition that causes brittle and weak bones, making them more susceptible to fractures.
2. Trauma: A fall or injury that causes a direct blow to the hip.
3. Overuse: Repetitive strain on the bone, such as from sports or repetitive movements.
4. Medical conditions: Certain medical conditions, such as osteopenia (low bone density) or Paget's disease (a condition that causes abnormal bone growth), can increase the risk of hip fractures.
Treatment for hip fractures typically involves surgery to realign and stabilize the bones. This may involve inserting plates, screws, or rods to hold the bones in place while they heal. In some cases, a total hip replacement may be necessary. After surgery, physical therapy is often recommended to help regain strength and mobility in the affected limb.
Preventive measures for hip fractures include:
1. Exercise: Regular exercise, such as weight-bearing activities like walking or running, can help maintain bone density and reduce the risk of hip fractures.
2. Diet: A diet rich in calcium and vitamin D can help support bone health.
3. Fall prevention: Taking steps to prevent falls, such as removing tripping hazards from the home and using handrails, can help reduce the risk of hip fractures.
4. Osteoporosis treatment: If you have osteoporosis, medications or other treatments may be recommended to help strengthen your bones and reduce the risk of hip fractures.
There are several types of ankle fractures, including:
1. Lateral malleolus fracture: A break in the fibula bone on the outside of the ankle joint.
2. Medial malleolus fracture: A break in the tibia bone on the inside of the ankle joint.
3. Syndesmotic injury: A tear or stretching of the ligaments that hold the Tibia and fibula bones together.
4. Talar dome fracture: A break in the talus bone at the top of the ankle joint.
5. Pilon fracture: A break in the bottom of the tibia bone at the ankle joint.
Ankle fractures can be caused by a variety of factors, including sports injuries, falls, car accidents, and twisting or rolling of the ankle. Treatment for ankle fractures usually involves immobilizing the ankle with a cast or brace, followed by physical therapy to restore strength and mobility. In some cases, surgery may be necessary to realign and stabilize the bones.
Overall, ankle fractures can be painful and disruptive to daily life, but with proper treatment and care, most people are able to make a full recovery within a few months.
The symptoms of a femoral fracture may include:
* Severe pain in the thigh or groin area
* Swelling and bruising around the affected area
* Difficulty moving or straightening the leg
* A visible deformity or bone protrusion
Femoral fractures are typically diagnosed through X-rays, CT scans, or MRIs. Treatment for these types of fractures may involve immobilization with a cast or brace, surgery to realign and stabilize the bone, or in some cases, surgical plate and screws or rods may be used to hold the bone in place as it heals.
In addition to surgical intervention, patients may also require physical therapy to regain strength and mobility in the affected leg after a femoral fracture.
There are several types of spinal fractures, including:
1. Vertebral compression fractures: These occur when the vertebrae collapses due to pressure, often caused by osteoporosis or trauma.
2. Fracture-dislocations: This type of fracture occurs when the vertebra is both broken and displaced from its normal position.
3. Spondylolysis: This is a type of fracture that occurs in the spine, often due to repetitive stress or overuse.
4. Spondylolisthesis: This is a type of fracture where a vertebra slips out of its normal position and into the one below it.
5. Fracture-subluxation: This type of fracture occurs when the vertebra is both broken and partially dislocated from its normal position.
The diagnosis of spinal fractures typically involves imaging tests such as X-rays, CT scans, or MRI to confirm the presence of a fracture and determine its severity and location. Treatment options for spinal fractures depend on the severity of the injury and may include pain management, bracing, physical therapy, or surgery to stabilize the spine and promote healing. In some cases, surgical intervention may be necessary to realign the vertebrae and prevent further damage.
Overall, spinal fractures can have a significant impact on an individual's quality of life, and it is important to seek medical attention if symptoms persist or worsen over time.
Examples of 'Fractures, Closed' in a sentence:
* The patient suffered a closed fracture of his wrist after falling from a bike.
* The doctor diagnosed a closed fracture of the ankle and prescribed rest and physical therapy for recovery.
* The athlete was unable to continue playing due to a closed fracture of the collarbone.
Comminuted fractures are often more complex and difficult to treat than other types of fractures because they involve multiple breaks that may require different treatment approaches. In some cases, surgery may be necessary to realign and stabilize the bone fragments, and the healing process can take longer for comminuted fractures compared to simple fractures.
Comminuted fractures are classified based on the number and distribution of the breaks in the bone. For example, a comminuted fracture may be described as being "segemental" if it involves multiple breaks in the same segment of the bone, or "non-segmental" if it involves breaks in multiple segments.
Treatment for comminuted fractures typically involves immobilization of the affected limb to allow the bone fragments to heal, as well as pain management and physical therapy to restore strength and range of motion. In some cases, surgical intervention may be necessary to realign and stabilize the bone fragments or to remove any loose pieces of bone that may be causing complications.
Osteoporotic fractures can occur in any bone, but they most commonly affect the spine, hips, and wrists. The risk of developing osteoporotic fractures increases with age, and certain factors such as family history, lifestyle habits (e.g., smoking, alcohol consumption), and medical conditions (e.g., rheumatoid arthritis) can also contribute to the development of osteoporosis and associated fractures.
There are several types of osteoporotic fractures, including:
1. Vertebral compression fractures: These occur when the vertebrae in the spine collapse due to weakened bone density, causing back pain, loss of height, and a stooped posture.
2. Hip fractures: These are breaks in the thigh bone (femur) or pelvis that can be caused by falls or other injuries, and can lead to complications such as blood clots, pneumonia, and surgical intervention.
3. Wrist fractures: These occur when the bones of the wrist break due to a fall or other injury, and can cause pain, swelling, and limited mobility.
4. Fractures of the ribs and long bones: These are less common but can still cause significant pain and disability.
The diagnosis of osteoporotic fractures is typically made through imaging tests such as X-rays, CT scans, or MRIs, and may also involve blood tests to assess bone mineral density (BMD) and other factors. Treatment for osteoporotic fractures typically involves a combination of medications, lifestyle modifications, and surgical interventions to help restore bone strength and prevent further fractures.
Types of Radius Fractures:
1. Stable fracture: The bone is broken but still in place.
2. Displaced fracture: The bone is broken and out of place.
3. Comminuted fracture: The bone is broken into several pieces.
4. Hairline fracture: A thin crack in the bone.
1. Pain in the arm or forearm.
2. Swelling and bruising.
3. Limited mobility or deformity of the arm.
4. Difficulty moving the arm or wrist.
1. Physical examination and medical history.
2. Imaging tests, such as X-rays or CT scans.
1. Minor fractures may be treated with immobilization in a cast or brace.
2. Displaced or comminuted fractures may require surgical intervention to realign and stabilize the bone.
3. Physical therapy may be necessary to regain strength and mobility in the arm.
2. Nerve damage.
3. Delayed healing.
4. Malunion or nonunion of the fracture, which can cause long-term complications.
1. Wear protective gear during sports and physical activities.
2. Use proper lifting techniques to avoid strain on the arm.
3. Maintain good bone density through a balanced diet and exercise.
Examples of spontaneous fractures include:
1. Pathological fractures: Fractures that occur in the presence of a bone-weakening condition such as osteoporosis, Paget's disease, or bone cancer.
2. Stress fractures: Small cracks in the bone that occur due to repetitive stress or overuse, often seen in athletes or individuals engaged in high-impact activities.
3. Osteogenesis imperfecta: A genetic disorder characterized by brittle bones and an increased risk of fractures.
4. Osteoporotic fractures: Fractures that occur due to bone loss and weakening associated with osteoporosis.
5. Frailty fractures: Fractures that occur in individuals who are frail or have a low bone mineral density, often seen in older adults.
Symptoms of spontaneous fractures may include pain, swelling, and difficulty moving the affected limb. Treatment for these fractures depends on the underlying cause and may involve immobilization, medication, or surgery.
Stress fractures can occur in any bone, but are most common in the weight-bearing bones of the lower extremities (such as the femur, tibia, and fibula). They can also occur in the bones of the upper extremities (such as the humerus, ulna, and radius) and in the spine.
Symptoms of stress fractures may include pain, swelling, redness, and tenderness over the affected area. In some cases, a individual may experience a snapping or popping sensation when bending or twisting. If left untreated, stress fractures can progress to more severe fractures and lead to chronic pain, limited mobility, and other complications.
Treatment for stress fractures typically involves rest, physical therapy, and medication to manage pain and inflammation. In some cases, a brace or cast may be used to immobilize the affected area and allow it to heal. Surgery may be necessary in more severe cases or if the fracture does not heal properly with conservative treatment.
Preventing stress fractures involves taking steps to reduce the amount of repetitive stress placed on bones, such as increasing training intensity gradually, wearing proper footwear and protective gear, and incorporating strengthening exercises into one's workout routine. Proper nutrition and hydration can also help support bone health and reduce the risk of fractures.
Symptoms of femoral neck fractures can include pain in the knee and thigh, swelling and bruising, and difficulty moving the leg. Treatment for these fractures may involve immobilizing the leg in a cast or brace, or surgery to realign and stabilize the bone. In some cases, the fracture may be treated with a combination of both methods.
The main types of femoral neck fractures are:
* Transverse fractures: These fractures occur horizontally across the femoral neck and can be stabilized with a plate or screws.
* Spiral fractures: These fractures occur when the bone is twisted and can be more challenging to treat.
* Compression fractures: These fractures occur when the bone is crushed due to pressure and can be treated with surgery to relieve the compression.
* Oblique fractures: These fractures occur at an angle and can be stabilized with a plate or screws.
The recovery time for femoral neck fractures can vary depending on the severity of the injury, but it usually takes several months for the bone to fully heal. Physical therapy may be necessary to regain strength and mobility in the affected leg.
Types of Ulna Fractures:
There are several types of ulna fractures, depending on the location and severity of the injury. These include:
1. Distal Humerus-Ulna (DHU) fracture: A break between the ulna and humerus bones near the wrist joint.
2. Mid-shaft ulna fracture: A break in the middle portion of the ulna bone.
3. Proximal ulna fracture: A break at the base of the ulna bone, nearest to the elbow joint.
4. Monteggia fracture: A combination of a proximal ulna fracture and a dislocation of the radial head (a bone in the forearm).
Symptoms of Ulna Fractures:
Patients with ulna fractures may experience pain, swelling, bruising, limited mobility and difficulty grasping objects. In some cases, there may be an audible snapping or popping sound when the injury occurs.
Diagnosis of Ulna Fractures:
Ulna fractures are typically diagnosed through a combination of physical examination, X-rays and imaging studies such as CT or MRI scans. In some cases, an open reduction internal fixation (ORIF) surgery may be necessary to realign and stabilize the bones.
Treatment of Ulna Fractures:
The treatment for ulna fractures depends on the severity and location of the injury. Non-surgical treatments may include immobilization with a cast or splint, pain management with medication and physical therapy to regain strength and range of motion. Surgical intervention may be necessary in more severe cases or those that do not respond to non-surgical treatment.
Complications of Ulna Fractures:
As with any fracture, there is a risk of complications with ulna fractures including infection, nerve damage, and poor healing. In some cases, the fracture may not properly align, leading to long-term functional issues such as loss of grip strength or limited mobility.
Prevention of Ulna Fractures:
While it is not possible to completely prevent ulna fractures, there are steps that can be taken to reduce the risk of injury. These include wearing protective gear during sports and physical activities, maintaining good bone density through a balanced diet and exercise, and taking steps to prevent falls such as removing tripping hazards from the home environment.
Prognosis for Ulna Fractures:
The prognosis for ulna fractures is generally good, with most patients experiencing a full recovery within 6-8 weeks. However, in some cases, complications may arise and long-term functional issues may persist. It is important to follow the treatment plan recommended by your healthcare provider and attend all scheduled follow-up appointments to ensure proper healing and minimize the risk of complications.
Ulna fractures are a common injury that can occur as a result of sports, falls, or other traumatic events. The prognosis for ulna fractures is generally good, but it is important to seek medical attention if symptoms persist or worsen over time. With proper treatment and follow-up care, most patients experience a full recovery within 6-8 weeks. However, in some cases, complications may arise and long-term functional issues may persist, so it is important to be aware of the risk factors and seek medical attention if any concerns or symptoms arise.
Note: A malunited fracture is sometimes also referred to as a "nonunion fracture" or "fracture nonunion".
Dislocation is a term used in medicine to describe the displacement of a bone or joint from its normal position, often due to injury or disease. This can cause pain, limited mobility, and potentially lead to long-term complications if left untreated.
There are several types of dislocations that can occur in different parts of the body, including:
1. Shoulder dislocation: The upper arm bone (humerus) is forced out of the shoulder socket.
2. Hip dislocation: The femur (thigh bone) is forced out of the hip socket.
3. Knee dislocation: The kneecap (patella) is forced out of its normal position in the knee joint.
4. Ankle dislocation: The bones of the ankle are forced out of their normal position.
5. Elbow dislocation: The humerus is forced out of the elbow joint.
6. Wrist dislocation: The bones of the wrist are forced out of their normal position.
7. Finger dislocation: One or more of the bones in a finger are forced out of their normal position.
8. Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) dislocation: The jawbone is forced out of its normal position, which can cause pain and difficulty opening the mouth.
Dislocations can be caused by a variety of factors, including sports injuries, car accidents, falls, and certain medical conditions such as osteoporosis or degenerative joint disease. Treatment for dislocations often involves reducing the displaced bone or joint back into its normal position, either through manual manipulation or surgery. In some cases, physical therapy may be necessary to help restore strength and range of motion in the affected area.
There are several types of joint instability, including:
1. Ligamentous laxity: A condition where the ligaments surrounding a joint become stretched or torn, leading to instability.
2. Capsular laxity: A condition where the capsule, a thin layer of connective tissue that surrounds a joint, becomes stretched or torn, leading to instability.
3. Muscular imbalance: A condition where the muscles surrounding a joint are either too weak or too strong, leading to instability.
4. Osteochondral defects: A condition where there is damage to the cartilage and bone within a joint, leading to instability.
5. Post-traumatic instability: A condition that develops after a traumatic injury to a joint, such as a dislocation or fracture.
Joint instability can be caused by various factors, including:
1. Trauma: A sudden and forceful injury to a joint, such as a fall or a blow.
2. Overuse: Repeated stress on a joint, such as from repetitive motion or sports activities.
3. Genetics: Some people may be born with joint instability due to inherited genetic factors.
4. Aging: As we age, our joints can become less stable due to wear and tear on the cartilage and other tissues.
5. Disease: Certain diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis or osteoarthritis, can cause joint instability.
Symptoms of joint instability may include:
1. Pain: A sharp, aching pain in the affected joint, especially with movement.
2. Stiffness: Limited range of motion and stiffness in the affected joint.
3. Swelling: Swelling and inflammation in the affected joint.
4. Instability: A feeling of looseness or instability in the affected joint.
5. Crepitus: Grinding or crunching sensations in the affected joint.
Treatment for joint instability depends on the underlying cause and may include:
1. Rest and ice: Resting the affected joint and applying ice to reduce pain and swelling.
2. Physical therapy: Strengthening the surrounding muscles to support the joint and improve stability.
3. Bracing: Using a brace or splint to provide support and stability to the affected joint.
4. Medications: Anti-inflammatory medications, such as ibuprofen or naproxen, to reduce pain and inflammation.
5. Surgery: In severe cases, surgery may be necessary to repair or reconstruct the damaged tissues and improve joint stability.
There are different types of rib fractures, including:
1. Linear fractures: These are simple cracks in the ribs without any displacement of the bone fragments.
2. Compression fractures: These occur when the rib is crushed due to pressure, causing the vertebrae to collapse.
3. Stress fractures: These are small cracks that develop over time due to repetitive stress or strain on the ribs.
4. Hairline fractures: These are very thin cracks in the ribs that do not necessarily displace the bone fragments.
Rib fractures can cause significant pain and discomfort, especially when taking deep breaths or coughing. Other symptoms may include bruising, swelling, and difficulty moving the chest wall. In severe cases, rib fractures can lead to complications such as pneumonia, respiratory failure, or even cardiac arrest.
Diagnosis of rib fractures is typically made through X-rays or CT scans, which can reveal the location and severity of the fracture. Treatment may involve pain management with medication, rest, and breathing exercises, as well as immobilization of the affected area with a cast or brace. In severe cases, surgery may be required to stabilize the bones or repair any damage to organs or blood vessels.
Overall, rib fractures can be serious injuries that require prompt medical attention to prevent complications and ensure proper healing.
There are several different types of skull fractures, including:
1. Linear skull fractures: These are fractures that occur in a straight line and do not involve the brain.
2. Depressed skull fractures: These are fractures that cause the bone to be pushed inward, creating a depression in the skull.
3. Comminuted skull fractures: These are fractures that involve multiple pieces of bone breaking off and fragmenting.
4. Basilar skull fractures: These are fractures that occur at the base of the skull and can involve the brainstem or cranial nerves.
5. Cerebral edema: This is a condition in which fluid accumulates in the brain as a result of a head injury or other traumatic event.
6. Epidural hematoma: This is a collection of blood between the skull and the dura mater, which is the membrane that covers the brain.
7. Subdural hematoma: This is a collection of blood between the dura mater and the brain.
8. Intracerebral hematoma: This is a collection of blood within the brain tissue.
Skull fractures can be diagnosed using a variety of imaging tests, such as X-rays, CT scans, or MRI scans. Treatment for skull fractures may involve observation, medication, or surgery, depending on the severity of the injury and any other complications that may have arisen.
Complications of skull fractures can include:
1. Cerebral edema
2. Epidural hematoma
3. Subdural hematoma
4. Intracerebral hematoma
5. Brain contusion
6. Skull base fractures
7. Facial trauma
8. Sinus fractures
9. Orbital blowout fractures
10. Meningitis or sepsis.
It is important to seek medical attention immediately if any of the following symptoms are present:
1. Severe headache
2. Confusion or disorientation
3. Slurred speech or difficulty speaking
4. Weakness or numbness in the arms or legs
5. Vision changes, such as double vision or blurred vision
6. Difficulty with balance or coordination
7. Seizures or convulsions
9. Stiff neck
10. Loss of consciousness or coma.
A sprain is a stretch or tear of a ligament, which is a fibrous connective tissue that connects bones to other bones and provides stability to joints. Sprains often occur when the joint is subjected to excessive stress or movement, such as during a fall or sudden twisting motion. The most common sprains are those that affect the wrist, knee, and ankle joints.
A strain, on the other hand, is a stretch or tear of a muscle or a tendon, which is a fibrous cord that connects muscles to bones. Strains can occur due to overuse, sudden movement, or injury. The most common strains are those that affect the hamstring, calf, and back muscles.
The main difference between sprains and strains is the location of the injury. Sprains affect the ligaments, while strains affect the muscles or tendons. Additionally, sprains often cause joint instability and swelling, while strains may cause pain, bruising, and limited mobility.
Treatment for sprains and strains is similar and may include rest, ice, compression, and elevation (RICE) to reduce inflammation and relieve pain. Physical therapy exercises may also be recommended to improve strength and range of motion. In severe cases, surgery may be required to repair the damaged tissue.
Prevention is key in avoiding sprains and strains. This can be achieved by maintaining proper posture, warming up before physical activity, wearing appropriate protective gear during sports, and gradually increasing exercise intensity and duration. Proper training and technique can also help reduce the risk of injury.
Overall, while sprains and strains share some similarities, they are distinct injuries that require different approaches to treatment and prevention. Understanding the differences between these two conditions is essential for proper diagnosis, treatment, and recovery.
Mandibular fractures can be classified into different types based on their location and severity. Some common types of mandibular fractures include:
1. Symphyseal fracture: This type of fracture occurs in the joint portion of the mandible, where the two bone parts meet.
2. Body fracture: This type of fracture occurs in the main body of the mandible.
3. Condylar fracture: This type of fracture occurs in the part of the mandible that forms the jaw joint, called the condyle.
4. Angle fracture: This type of fracture occurs near the angle of the mandible, where it meets the maxilla (the bone of the upper jaw).
5. Subcondylar fracture: This type of fracture occurs below the condyle, in the lower part of the mandible.
The symptoms of mandibular fractures can vary depending on the severity of the injury, but may include:
* Pain and tenderness in the jaw and facial area
* Swelling and bruising around the affected eye
* Difficulty opening or closing the mouth
* Numbness or tingling in the lower jaw and tongue
* Difficulty speaking or eating
Treatment for mandibular fractures usually involves immobilizing the jaw with a splint or brace to allow the bone to heal properly. In some cases, surgery may be required to realign the bones and secure them in place with plates, screws, or wires.
Complications of mandibular fractures can include:
* Nerve damage
* Facial asymmetry
* Difficulty speaking or eating
* Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) dysfunction
It is important to seek medical attention immediately if you suspect that you have a mandibular fracture, as prompt treatment can help prevent complications and improve outcomes.
There are several types of tooth fractures, including:
1. Vertical fractures: These occur when the tooth breaks vertically and can affect one or more layers of the tooth.
2. Horizontal fractures: These occur when the tooth breaks horizontally and can affect the enamel, dentin, or cementum layers.
3. Oblique fractures: These occur when the tooth breaks at an angle and can affect multiple layers of the tooth.
4. Root fractures: These occur when the root of the tooth becomes cracked or broken.
5. Crown-root fractures: These occur when the crown (the visible part of the tooth) and the root become separated.
Tooth fractures can cause symptoms such as pain, sensitivity to temperature or sweetness, difficulty chewing or biting, and discomfort when speaking or opening the mouth. Treatment options for tooth fractures depend on the severity of the injury and may include dental fillings, crowns, root canals, or extraction.
It is important to seek professional dental care as soon as possible if you suspect that you have a tooth fracture, as early treatment can help prevent further damage and restore the tooth to its normal function and appearance.
Intra-articular fractures can be classified into several categories based on their location within the joint:
1. Intra-articular fractures of the shoulder: These include fractures of the humeral head, glenoid, and clavicle.
2. Intra-articular fractures of the elbow: These include fractures of the radial head and neck, coronoid process, and distal humerus.
3. Intra-articular fractures of the wrist: These include fractures of the scaphoid, lunate, and capitate bones.
4. Intra-articular fractures of the hip: These include fractures of the femoral head and acetabulum.
5. Intra-articular fractures of the knee: These include fractures of the tibial plateau, femoral condyle, and patella.
6. Intra-articular fractures of the ankle: These include fractures of the talus, calcaneus, and fibula.
Intra-articular fractures can be caused by a variety of factors, such as falls, sports injuries, and motor vehicle accidents. Treatment for these types of fractures often involves immobilization with a cast or brace, surgery to realign and stabilize the bones, and physical therapy to restore strength and range of motion. In some cases, arthroscopy may be used to help repair the joint and improve outcomes.
Overall, intra-articular fractures can be challenging to treat and require careful planning and execution to ensure proper healing and minimize complications. It is important for patients to seek medical attention if they experience symptoms such as pain, swelling, or difficulty moving the affected joint.
Compression fractures are more common in older adults due to the natural aging process that weakens bones, causing them to become brittle and prone to breaking. This type of fracture can also be caused by other conditions such as cancer or infections that weaken bones.
Compression fractures are often diagnosed with X-rays or CT scans, which show the extent of the fracture and any damage to surrounding tissue. Treatment typically involves pain management, bracing to support the spine, and medication to prevent further bone loss. In some cases, surgery may be necessary to stabilize the spine or correct deformities.
Compression fractures can have a significant impact on quality of life, causing chronic back pain, limited mobility, and emotional distress. However, with proper treatment and support, many people are able to recover and maintain their independence.
Preventing compression fractures is essential, particularly for older adults or those with osteoporosis. This can be achieved through a healthy diet rich in calcium and vitamin D, regular exercise, and avoiding smoking and excessive alcohol consumption. Additionally, falling prevention strategies such as removing tripping hazards from the home environment and improving lighting can help reduce the risk of compression fractures.
Overall, compression fractures are a common condition that can significantly impact quality of life. Understanding the causes, diagnosis, and treatment options is crucial for effective management and prevention of this condition.
Terms related to 'Fractures, Open':
1. Closed fracture: A fracture where the skin is not broken and there is no exposure of the bone.
2. Comminuted fracture: A fracture where the bone is broken into several pieces.
3. Greenstick fracture: A type of fracture in children where the bone bends and partially breaks, but does not completely break.
4. Hairline fracture: A thin crack in the bone that does not extend all the way through the bone.
5. Stress fracture: A small crack in the bone caused by repetitive stress or overuse.
More Medical Definitions
There are several types of osteoporosis, including:
1. Postmenopausal osteoporosis: This type of osteoporosis is caused by hormonal changes that occur during menopause. It is the most common form of osteoporosis and affects women more than men.
2. Senile osteoporosis: This type of osteoporosis is caused by aging and is the most common form of osteoporosis in older adults.
3. Juvenile osteoporosis: This type of osteoporosis affects children and young adults and can be caused by a variety of genetic disorders or other medical conditions.
4. secondary osteoporosis: This type of osteoporosis is caused by other medical conditions, such as rheumatoid arthritis, Crohn's disease, or ulcerative colitis.
The symptoms of osteoporosis can be subtle and may not appear until a fracture has occurred. They can include:
1. Back pain or loss of height
2. A stooped posture
3. Fractures, especially in the spine, hips, or wrists
4. Loss of bone density, as determined by a bone density test
The diagnosis of osteoporosis is typically made through a combination of physical examination, medical history, and imaging tests, such as X-rays or bone density tests. Treatment for osteoporosis can include medications, such as bisphosphonates, hormone therapy, or rANK ligand inhibitors, as well as lifestyle changes, such as regular exercise and a balanced diet.
Preventing osteoporosis is important, as it can help to reduce the risk of fractures and other complications. To prevent osteoporosis, individuals can:
1. Get enough calcium and vitamin D throughout their lives
2. Exercise regularly, especially weight-bearing activities such as walking or running
3. Avoid smoking and excessive alcohol consumption
4. Maintain a healthy body weight
5. Consider taking medications to prevent osteoporosis, such as bisphosphonates, if recommended by a healthcare provider.
Orbital fractures can have serious consequences if left untreated, including vision loss, double vision, and eye movement restrictions. Treatment for orbital fractures typically involves immobilization of the affected eye with a splint or sling, as well as antibiotics to prevent infection. In some cases, surgery may be required to realign the bones of the orbit and restore proper function to the eye.
Some common types of orbital fractures include:
1. Zygomatic fracture: A break in the zygoma (cheekbone) that can affect the orbit.
2. Maxillary fracture: A break in the maxilla bone, which forms the upper jaw and eye socket.
3. Orbital blowout fracture: A break in the thin wall of the orbit that can cause damage to the eye and surrounding tissues.
4. Medial rectus fracture: A break in the muscle that controls lateral movement of the eye.
5. Infradial fracture: A break in the bone of the lower jaw that can affect the orbit.
Orbital fractures can be diagnosed through a combination of physical examination, imaging studies such as CT or MRI scans, and vision testing. Treatment for these fractures is typically individualized based on the severity and location of the break, as well as the patient's overall health and symptoms.
Surgical wound infections can be caused by a variety of factors, including:
1. Poor surgical technique: If the surgeon does not follow proper surgical techniques, such as properly cleaning and closing the incision, the risk of infection increases.
2. Contamination of the wound site: If the wound site is contaminated with bacteria or other microorganisms during the surgery, this can lead to an infection.
3. Use of contaminated instruments: If the instruments used during the surgery are contaminated with bacteria or other microorganisms, this can also lead to an infection.
4. Poor post-operative care: If the patient does not receive proper post-operative care, such as timely changing of dressings and adequate pain management, the risk of infection increases.
There are several types of surgical wound infections, including:
1. Superficial wound infections: These infections occur only in the skin and subcutaneous tissues and can be treated with antibiotics.
2. Deep wound infections: These infections occur in the deeper tissues, such as muscle or bone, and can be more difficult to treat.
3. Wound hernias: These occur when the intestine bulges through the incision site, creating a hernia.
4. Abscesses: These occur when pus collects in the wound site, creating a pocket of infection.
Surgical wound infections can be diagnosed using a variety of tests, including:
1. Cultures: These are used to identify the type of bacteria or other microorganisms causing the infection.
2. Imaging studies: These can help to determine the extent of the infection and whether it has spread to other areas of the body.
3. Physical examination: The surgeon will typically perform a physical examination of the wound site to look for signs of infection, such as redness, swelling, or drainage.
Treatment of surgical wound infections typically involves a combination of antibiotics and wound care. In some cases, additional surgery may be necessary to remove infected tissue or repair damaged structures.
Prevention is key when it comes to surgical wound infections. To reduce the risk of infection, surgeons and healthcare providers can take several steps, including:
1. Proper sterilization and disinfection of equipment and the surgical site.
2. Use of antibiotic prophylaxis, which is the use of antibiotics to prevent infections in high-risk patients.
3. Closure of the incision site with sutures or staples to reduce the risk of bacterial entry.
4. Monitoring for signs of infection and prompt treatment if an infection develops.
5. Proper wound care, including keeping the wound clean and dry, and changing dressings as needed.
6. Avoiding unnecessary delays in surgical procedure, which can increase the risk of infection.
7. Proper patient education on wound care and signs of infection.
8. Use of biological dressings such as antimicrobial impregnated dressings, which can help reduce the risk of infection.
9. Use of negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) which can help to promote wound healing and reduce the risk of infection.
10. Proper handling and disposal of sharps and other medical waste to reduce the risk of infection.
It is important for patients to follow their healthcare provider's instructions for wound care and to seek medical attention if they notice any signs of infection, such as redness, swelling, or increased pain. By taking these precautions, the risk of surgical wound infections can be significantly reduced, leading to better outcomes for patients.
The symptoms of Colles' fracture can include pain and swelling in the wrist and forearm, as well as limited mobility and deformity of the affected hand. Treatment typically involves immobilization of the wrist in a cast or splint for several weeks to allow the bone to heal properly. In more severe cases, surgery may be necessary to realign and stabilize the bones.
Colles' fracture is classified into three types based on the extent of displacement and the presence of other injuries:
* Type 1: Non-displaced fracture with minimal displacement (less than 2 mm).
* Type 2: Displaced fracture with moderate displacement (greater than 2 mm but less than 50%).
* Type 3: Comminuted fracture with severe displacement (greater than 50%).
Overall, Colles' fracture is a relatively common and treatable injury that can be successfully managed with appropriate immobilization and/or surgical intervention. However, it is important to seek medical attention promptly if symptoms persist or worsen over time to prevent complications such as infection, nerve damage, or long-term disability.
Treatment for periprosthetic fractures typically involves a combination of immobilization in a cast or brace, pain management with medication, and physical therapy to regain strength and mobility in the affected joint. In some cases, surgery may be necessary to repair or replace the damaged artificial joint.
Periprosthetic fractures can have serious consequences if left untreated, including ongoing pain, limited mobility, and potentially even infection or sepsis. As such, it is important for individuals who experience any symptoms of a periprosthetic fracture to seek medical attention as soon as possible.
Part of Speech: Adjective
Definition: Relating to or being a fracture that occurs around an artificial joint, such as a hip or knee replacement.
1. Strains and sprains: These are common injuries that occur when the muscles or ligaments in the foot are stretched or torn. They can be caused by overuse or sudden movement.
2. Fractures: A fracture is a break in a bone. In the foot, fractures can occur in any of the five long bones (metatarsals) or the heel bone (calcaneus).
3. Plantar fasciitis: This is a common condition that affects the plantar fascia, a band of tissue that runs along the bottom of the foot. It can cause pain and stiffness in the heel and bottom of the foot.
4. Achilles tendinitis: This is an inflammation of the Achilles tendon, which connects the calf muscles to the heel bone. It can cause pain and stiffness in the back of the ankle.
5. Bunions and hammertoes: These are deformities that can occur when the bones in the foot are not properly aligned. They can cause pain, swelling, and stiffness in the foot.
6. Infections: Foot injuries can increase the risk of developing an infection, especially if they become exposed to bacteria or other microorganisms. Signs of an infection may include redness, swelling, warmth, and pain.
7. Ulcers: These are open sores that can develop on the skin of the foot, often as a result of diabetes or poor circulation. They can be difficult to heal and can lead to further complications if left untreated.
Treatment for foot injuries will depend on the severity of the injury and may include rest, ice, compression, and elevation (RICE) as well as physical therapy exercises to improve strength and flexibility. In some cases, surgery may be necessary to repair damaged tissues or realign bones.
Types of Wrist Injuries:
1. Sprains and Strains: These are common wrist injuries that occur when the ligaments or muscles are stretched or torn due to sudden movements or overuse.
2. Fractures: A fracture is a break in one or more of the bones in the wrist, which can be caused by a fall onto an outstretched hand or by a direct blow to the wrist.
3. Tendinitis: This is inflammation of the tendons, which connect muscles to bones. Wrist tendinitis can occur due to repetitive movements such as typing or gripping.
4. Carpal tunnel syndrome: This is a condition where the median nerve, which runs down the arm and into the hand through a narrow passageway in the wrist, becomes compressed or pinched. It can cause pain, numbness, and tingling in the hand and wrist.
5. Wrist fracture-dislocations: This is a type of injury where a bone in the wrist is broken and displaced from its normal position.
6. Ganglion cysts: These are non-cancerous lumps that can develop on the top of the wrist, usually due to repetitive movement or inflammation.
7. De Quervain's tenosynovitis: This is a condition that affects the tendons on the thumb side of the wrist, causing pain and stiffness in the wrist and thumb.
Symptoms of Wrist Injuries:
4. Limited mobility or stiffness
5. Difficulty gripping or grasping objects
6. Numbness or tingling in the hand or fingers
7. Weakness in the wrist or hand
Treatment of Wrist Injuries:
The treatment for wrist injuries depends on the severity of the injury and can range from conservative methods such as rest, ice, compression, and elevation (RICE) to surgical intervention. Some common treatments include:
1. Immobilization: A cast or splint may be used to immobilize the wrist and allow it to heal.
2. Physical therapy: Gentle exercises and stretches can help improve mobility and strength in the wrist.
3. Medications: Pain relievers, anti-inflammatory drugs, or steroid injections may be prescribed to manage pain and inflammation.
4. Surgery: In some cases, surgery may be necessary to repair damaged tissue or realign bones.
5. Rest: Avoid activities that aggravate the injury and give your wrist time to heal.
6. Ice: Apply ice to the affected area to reduce pain and inflammation.
7. Compression: Use a compression bandage to help reduce swelling.
8. Elevation: Keep your hand elevated above the level of your heart to reduce swelling.
It's important to seek medical attention if you experience any of the following symptoms:
* Severe pain that doesn't improve with medication
* Swelling or bruising that gets worse over time
* Difficulty moving your wrist or fingers
* Deformity or abnormal alignment of the wrist
* Numbness or tingling in your hand or fingers
* Weakness or difficulty gripping objects
If you suspect that you have a wrist injury, it's important to seek medical attention as soon as possible. A healthcare professional can evaluate your symptoms and provide an accurate diagnosis and treatment plan.
1. The star quarterback suffered a serious athletic injury during last night's game and is out for the season.
2. The athlete underwent surgery to repair a torn ACL, one of the most common athletic injuries in high-impact sports.
3. The coach emphasized the importance of proper technique to prevent athletic injuries among his team members.
4. After suffering a minor sprain, the runner was advised to follow the RICE method to recover and return to competition as soon as possible.
The symptoms of maxillary fractures can vary depending on the severity of the injury, but may include:
* Pain and swelling in the face
* Difficulty opening or closing the mouth
* Numbness or loss of sensation in the face
* Crooked or misshapen appearance of the face
* Difficulty breathing through the nose
Treatment for maxillary fractures may include:
* Immobilization of the jaw with a splint or cast to allow the bone to heal
* Medication to manage pain and swelling
* Surgery to realign the bones and stabilize them with plates, screws, or wires.
It is important to seek medical attention if symptoms persist or worsen over time, as untreated maxillary fractures can lead to complications such as infection, nerve damage, or long-term facial deformity.
Zygomatic fractures, also known as zygoma fractures or malar fractures, are breaks in the bone of the zygomatic arch, which is a curved bone that forms the upper and lateral portion of the eye socket. These fractures can be caused by direct blows to the face, such as in a fall or a sports injury, or by indirect forces, such as those sustained during a motor vehicle accident.
Types of Zygomatic Fractures
There are several types of zygomatic fractures, including:
1. Extension-rotation fractures: These fractures occur when the bone is broken in both the vertical and horizontal planes.
2. Simple fractures: These fractures involve a single break in the bone without any displacement.
3. Comminuted fractures: These fractures involve multiple breaks in the bone with displacement.
4. Open fractures: These fractures involve a break in the skin over the affected area, exposing the bone and increasing the risk of infection.
Symptoms of Zygomatic Fractures
The symptoms of zygomatic fractures can vary depending on the severity of the injury, but may include:
1. Pain and tenderness in the affected eye socket and cheekbone.
2. Swelling and bruising around the eyes and face.
3. Difficulty moving the jaw or tongue.
4. Numbness or tingling sensations in the face.
5. Difficulty closing the eye or eyelid on the affected side.
Diagnosis and Treatment of Zygomatic Fractures
Zygomatic fractures are typically diagnosed through a combination of physical examination, imaging studies such as X-rays or CT scans, and other diagnostic tests. Treatment for these fractures may include:
1. Pain management with medication and ice packs.
2. Immobilization of the affected eye socket with a facial splint or sling.
3. Surgery to realign and stabilize the bone fragments, which may involve the use of plates, screws, or wires.
4. Monitoring for signs of infection or other complications.
5. Physical therapy to help regain strength and range of motion in the affected eye and jaw.
Prognosis and Complications of Zygomatic Fractures
The prognosis for zygomatic fractures is generally good, with most patients experiencing a full recovery within 6-8 weeks. However, there are potential complications to be aware of, including:
1. Infection: As with any surgical procedure, there is a risk of infection with zygomatic fracture repair.
2. Nerve damage: The nerves that control sensation and movement in the face and jaw can be damaged during the injury or surgical repair, leading to numbness, tingling, or weakness.
3. Eye complications: Zygomatic fractures can lead to eye complications such as double vision, dry eyes, or even loss of vision if the fracture is not properly treated.
4. Asymmetry: The bone fragments may not heal perfectly, leading to asymmetry in the face and jaw.
5. Malocclusion: The teeth may no longer fit together properly after a zygomatic fracture, leading to malocclusion or misaligned teeth.
6. Maxillary sinus involvement: The maxillary sinus, a air-filled cavity in the cheekbone, can become involved in the fracture and may require additional treatment.
7. Cerebral injury: Zygomatic fractures can be associated with cerebral injury, particularly if the fracture is caused by a high-energy trauma such as a car accident or fall from a height.
Zygomatic fractures are complex injuries that require prompt and careful management to ensure proper healing and minimize complications. Treatment may involve a combination of conservative and surgical methods, depending on the severity and location of the fracture. Patients with zygomatic fractures should be closely monitored for signs of infection, malocclusion, and asymmetry, and may require long-term follow-up to address any complications that arise.
During menopause, the levels of estrogen in the body decrease significantly, which can lead to a loss of bone density and an increased risk of developing osteoporosis. Other risk factors for postmenopausal osteoporosis include:
* Family history of osteoporosis
* Early menopause (before age 45)
* Poor diet or inadequate calcium and vitamin D intake
* Sedentary lifestyle or lack of exercise
* Certain medications, such as glucocorticoids and anticonvulsants
* Other medical conditions, such as rheumatoid arthritis and liver or kidney disease.
Postmenopausal osteoporosis can be diagnosed through a variety of tests, including bone mineral density (BMD) measurements, which can determine the density of bones and detect any loss of bone mass. Treatment options for postmenopausal osteoporosis typically involve a combination of medications and lifestyle changes, such as:
* Bisphosphonates, which help to slow down bone loss and reduce the risk of fractures
* Hormone replacement therapy (HRT), which can help to replace the estrogen that is lost during menopause and improve bone density
* Selective estrogen receptor modulators (SERMs), which mimic the effects of estrogen on bone density but have fewer risks than HRT
* RANK ligand inhibitors, which can help to slow down bone loss and reduce the risk of fractures
* Parathyroid hormone (PTH) analogues, which can help to increase bone density and improve bone quality.
It is important for women to discuss their individual risks and benefits with their healthcare provider when determining the best course of treatment for postmenopausal osteoporosis. Additionally, lifestyle changes such as regular exercise, a balanced diet, and avoiding substances that can harm bone health (such as smoking and excessive alcohol consumption) can also help to manage the condition.
Types of Forearm Injuries:
1. Fractures: Breakage of one or more bones in the forearm is a common injury. The most common fracture is a radial head fracture, which affects the upper end of the radius bone.
2. Sprains and strains: Overstretching or tearing of ligaments and muscles in the forearm can occur due to sudden twisting or bending movements.
3. Tendon injuries: Injuries to tendons, which connect muscles to bones, are common in the forearm. Tendinitis is inflammation of a tendon, while tendon rupture is a more severe injury.
4. Nerve injuries: Compression or damage to nerves in the forearm can cause numbness, tingling, and weakness in the hand and fingers.
5. Contusions: Bruises caused by direct blows to the forearm can result in pain, swelling, and limited mobility.
Symptoms of Forearm Injuries:
1. Pain: Sudden, sharp pain or a dull ache in the forearm, wrist, or hand may indicate an injury.
2. Swelling and bruising: Inflammation and discoloration in the affected area can occur due to bleeding under the skin.
3. Limited mobility: Difficulty moving the wrist, hand, or fingers can be a sign of a forearm injury.
4. Numbness or tingling: Decreased sensation in the hand or fingers may indicate nerve damage.
5. Deformity: Visible deviations from the normal shape of the forearm or wrist may indicate a more severe injury.
Treatment for Forearm Injuries:
1. Rest and ice: Allowing the affected area to rest and applying ice can reduce pain and inflammation.
2. Compression: Wrapping the forearm with an elastic bandage can help reduce swelling.
3. Elevation: Keeping the affected arm above heart level can promote blood flow and reduce swelling.
4. Medications: Over-the-counter pain relievers, such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen, can alleviate discomfort.
5. Physical therapy: Gentle exercises and stretches can help improve mobility and strength in the affected hand and wrist.
6. Immobilization: In some cases, a cast or splint may be used to immobilize the forearm and allow healing.
7. Surgery: In severe cases of nerve damage or tendon rupture, surgical intervention may be necessary to repair the damaged tissue.
Multiple trauma can involve various types of injuries, including:
1. Blunt trauma: This refers to injuries caused by a blow or impact, such as those sustained in a car accident or fall.
2. Penetrating trauma: This refers to injuries caused by a sharp object, such as a gunshot wound or stab wound.
3. Burns: This refers to injuries caused by heat or chemicals that can cause tissue damage and scarring.
4. Neurological trauma: This refers to injuries affecting the brain and spinal cord, such as concussions or herniated discs.
5. Orthopedic trauma: This refers to injuries affecting the musculoskeletal system, such as fractures or dislocations.
6. Soft tissue trauma: This refers to injuries affecting the skin, muscles, and other soft tissues, such as lacerations or contusions.
7. Visceral trauma: This refers to injuries affecting the internal organs, such as internal bleeding or organ damage.
The severity of multiple trauma can vary widely, ranging from mild to life-threatening. In some cases, multiple trauma may be caused by a single incident, while in other cases, it may result from a series of events over time.
Treatment for multiple trauma typically involves a comprehensive approach that addresses all of the injuries and takes into account the patient's overall health and well-being. This may include surgery, medication, physical therapy, and other forms of rehabilitation. In severe cases, multiple trauma can result in long-term disability or even death, making prompt and appropriate treatment essential for optimal outcomes.
1. Infection: Bacterial or viral infections can develop after surgery, potentially leading to sepsis or organ failure.
2. Adhesions: Scar tissue can form during the healing process, which can cause bowel obstruction, chronic pain, or other complications.
3. Wound complications: Incisional hernias, wound dehiscence (separation of the wound edges), and wound infections can occur.
4. Respiratory problems: Pneumonia, respiratory failure, and atelectasis (collapsed lung) can develop after surgery, particularly in older adults or those with pre-existing respiratory conditions.
5. Cardiovascular complications: Myocardial infarction (heart attack), cardiac arrhythmias, and cardiac failure can occur after surgery, especially in high-risk patients.
6. Renal (kidney) problems: Acute kidney injury or chronic kidney disease can develop postoperatively, particularly in patients with pre-existing renal impairment.
7. Neurological complications: Stroke, seizures, and neuropraxia (nerve damage) can occur after surgery, especially in patients with pre-existing neurological conditions.
8. Pulmonary embolism: Blood clots can form in the legs or lungs after surgery, potentially causing pulmonary embolism.
9. Anesthesia-related complications: Respiratory and cardiac complications can occur during anesthesia, including respiratory and cardiac arrest.
10. delayed healing: Wound healing may be delayed or impaired after surgery, particularly in patients with pre-existing medical conditions.
It is important for patients to be aware of these potential complications and to discuss any concerns with their surgeon and healthcare team before undergoing surgery.
Some common types of leg injuries include:
1. Sprains and strains: These are common injuries that occur when the ligaments or muscles in the legs are stretched or torn.
2. Fractures: These are breaks in the bones of the legs, which can be caused by falls, sports injuries, or other traumatic events.
3. Tendinitis: This is inflammation of the tendons, which connect muscles to bones.
4. Bursitis: This is inflammation of the fluid-filled sacs (bursae) that cushion the joints and reduce friction between the bones, muscles, and tendons.
5. Contusions: These are bruises that occur when the blood vessels in the legs are damaged as a result of trauma or overuse.
6. Shin splints: This is a common overuse injury that occurs in the front of the lower leg, causing pain and inflammation.
7. Compartment syndrome: This is a serious condition that occurs when pressure builds up within a compartment of the leg, cutting off blood flow to the muscles and nerves.
8. Stress fractures: These are small cracks in the bones of the legs that occur as a result of overuse or repetitive stress.
9. Osteochondritis dissecans: This is a condition in which a piece of cartilage and bone in the joint becomes detached, causing pain and stiffness.
10. Peroneal tendinitis: This is inflammation of the tendons on the outside of the ankle, which can cause pain and swelling.
Treatment for leg injuries depends on the severity and type of injury. Some common treatments include rest, ice, compression, and elevation (RICE), physical therapy, bracing, medications, and surgery. It is important to seek medical attention if symptoms persist or worsen over time, or if there is a loss of function or mobility in the affected leg.
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Ankle Fracture Imaging: Practice Essentials, Radiography, Computed Tomography
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- Xray of an ankle with broken tibia shown by the arrow (right side of the xray) and broken fibula shown by the two arrows (left side of the xray). (docontherun.com)
- The ankle is complex joint where the tibia (shin bone), fibula (outside ankle bone) and the talus bone (the bone in the top of the foot that sits in the ankle joint) all come together to allow your foot to move under your leg when you walk or run. (docontherun.com)
- The majority of ankle fractures usually involve a break in the fibula bone. (docontherun.com)
- In the ankle, fractures can range from the less serious avulsion injuries (small pieces of bone that have been pulled off) to severe shattering-type breaks of the tibia, fibula, or both. (txfootankle.com)
- The ankle joint is composed of three bones: the tibia, fibula, and talus which are articulated together. (cfosm.com)
- The ends of the fibula and tibia (lower leg bones) form the inner and outer malleolus, which are the bony protrusions of the ankle joint that you can feel and see on either side of the ankle. (cfosm.com)
- Radiographic diagnosis of distal fibula avulsion fractures: Comparison of ankle X-ray and three-dimensional reconstruction of CT]. (bvsalud.org)
- Compared with X-ray , 3D-CT has higher sensitivity in diagnosing distal fibular avulsion fractures , can help clinicians evaluate ossicle's location and choose surgical methods , and is recommended to be performed in patients with suspected distal fibula avulsion fractures in clinical practice. (bvsalud.org)
- It presents images and information related to the fractures of the foot and the ankle (phalanges, metatarsal bones, mid tarsal bones, talus, calcaneus, tibia and fibula), and links to online cases and. (bvsalud.org)
- 1. Ipsilateral intact fibula as a predictor of tibial plafond fracture pattern and severity. (nih.gov)
- 9. Does the Fibula Need to be Fixed in Complex Pilon Fractures? (nih.gov)
- 12. Management of a Rare Case of Closed Pilon Fracture With Fibula Displaced in the Foot. (nih.gov)
- Even a minor Ankle sprain can sideline your fitness routine or make it difficult to keep up with your work or favorite hobbies. (blogarama.com)
- Sometimes, people mistake an ankle fracture for a sprain. (blogarama.com)
- 3] "Exercising Your Ankle After a Sprain. (blogarama.com)
- Many people mistake an ankle fracture for an ankle sprain, but they are quite different and therefore require an accurate and early diagnosis. (txfootankle.com)
- During your initial examination, we can help determine whether your injury is an ankle sprain or ankle fracture and recommend the best course of action to ensure that your ankle heals without complications. (silverstonepodiatry.com)
- Frequently, fractured or broken ankles may be mistaken for a simple ankle sprain, which leads to improper healing, poor treatment outcomes, and ankle instability. (silverstonepodiatry.com)
- That's why it's important that you visit our office if you injure your ankle - we can determine if you have a sprain or a fracture and recommend the proper treatment plan to get you back on your feet. (silverstonepodiatry.com)
- Pain after ankle injuries can either be from a torn ligament and is called ankle sprain or from a broken bone which is called ankle fracture. (cfosm.com)
- Syndesmotic injury, also called a high ankle sprain, is usually not a fracture, but can be treated as a fracture. (cfosm.com)
- Usually it is very difficult to differentiate a broken ankle from other conditions such as a sprain, dislocation, or tendon injury without having an X-ray of the injured ankle. (cfosm.com)
- Pistons: Isaiah Livers left the game with a left ankle sprain in the first half and did not return. (arcpublishing.com)
- Ankle sprains and instability. (medscape.com)
- Fractures can occur simultaneously with ankle sprains (damaged ligaments and tendons in the ankle). (silverstonepodiatry.com)
- The most common ankle problems are sprains and fractures (broken bones). (nih.gov)
- Ankle sprains and fractures are common sports injuries . (nih.gov)
- Repaired broken ankle with plates and screws placed by San Francisco podiatrist Dr. Christopher Segler during surgery to stabilize the broken bone. (docontherun.com)
- Dr. Christopher Segler is a podiatrist and ankle surgeon who has won an award for his research on diagnosing subtle fractures involving the ankle. (docontherun.com)
- The location of the fracture can often give your podiatrist information on how the fracture occurred. (cnyfootsurgery.com)
- In this instance, your podiatrist will look for additional signs to determine whether a fracture has occurred. (cnyfootsurgery.com)
- Da Vinci Foot & Ankle Da Vinci Foot and Ankle - Lake Oconee, Greensboro - Board Certified Podiatrist for Bunion Surgery, Heel Pain, Ingrown toenails. (davincifootandankle.com)
- An ankle fracture registry was reviewed for operatively treated unstable bimalleolar and trimalleolar ankle fractures at an ambulatory surgery center and followed up at associated outpatient clinics. (healthpartners.com)
- In patients with nonsedentary jobs, an IWB protocol after operative management of bimalleolar and trimalleolar ankle fractures resulted in an earlier return to work compared with traditional protocols. (healthpartners.com)
- The aim of this study is to report our institution's experience regarding the application of allogeneic tendons for the reconstruction of malunited lateral malleolar avulsion fractures with chronic lateral ankle instability. (nih.gov)
- This retrospective study included 34 (34 ankles) patients surgically treated for malunited lateral malleolar avulsion fractures with chronic lateral ankle instability from January 2016 to December 2019. (nih.gov)
- If the bones heal in the wrong position, ankle instability, ankle arthritis or delayed bone healing can result. (docontherun.com)
- Note the small avulsion fracture on the tip of the medial malleolus suggesting medial instability. (wikism.org)
- The goal of ankle fracture treatment is to stabilize the broken bone fragments so that the bone can heal. (docontherun.com)
- A shortened lateral approach was used to stabilize fractures using screws and a locked nail fixator for maintenance. (faoj.org)
- With surgical treatment, the fractured bone is accessed by making an incision over the ankle area and then specially designed plates are screwed onto the bone, to realign and stabilize the fractured parts. (cfosm.com)
- 11. Ability of modern distal tibia plates to stabilize comminuted pilon fracture fragments: Is dual plate fixation necessary? (nih.gov)
Make up the ankle joint2
Types of ankle fractures2
- There are many specific types of ankle fractures that ankle doctors (podiatric surgeons and orthopedic surgeons) use to determine the severity of the ankle fracture. (docontherun.com)
- There are many types of ankle fractures , and fractured bones can be displaced (out of position) or undisplaced (in place). (theorthopaedicandpainpractice.com)
- A deformity may occur due to a shift in bone alignment or a joint dislocation near the fracture. (cnyfootsurgery.com)
- If you observe deformity in your foot, or your ankle swelling and pain do not subside after first aid, you should seek medical attention. (theorthopaedicandpainpractice.com)
- In cases of severe fracture, deformity around the ankle joint is clearly visible where bone may protrude through the skin. (cfosm.com)
- Tandeter HB, Shvartzman P. Acute ankle injuries: clinical decision rules for radiographs. (medscape.com)
- Diagnosis is made with plain radiographs of the ankle. (orthobullets.com)
- You will also be asked to undergo plain radiographs of the affected ankle (X-rays). (theorthopaedicandpainpractice.com)
- At the emergency department the lateral, axial, and Broden`s radiographs of the fractured calcaneus as well as lateral radiographs of the opposite foot were taken. (faoj.org)
- 17. Traction radiographs versus CT in the evaluation of fracture morphology and consecutive treatment decisions in OTA/AO 43C3 fractures. (nih.gov)
- How long should patients be kept non-weight bearing after ankle fracture fixation? (umassmed.edu)
- We hypothesize that an immediate weightbearing protocol after ankle fracture fixation will lead to an earlier return to work. (healthpartners.com)
- The bones are supported by internal fixation where pins, screws or plates are used to hold together the small bones of the foot and ankle. (theankleandfootclinic.com)
- The objective of this study was to estimate the outcome of open reduction and internal fixation with locked nail for treatment of displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures. (faoj.org)
- In conclusion, open reduction and internal fixation with locked nail is an effective treatment for Sanders 2 and 3 cases of displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures. (faoj.org)
- The purpose of the current study is to evaluate the results of open reduction and locked nail fixation as a surgical treatment of the displaced intra-articular calcaneal fracture. (faoj.org)
- Twenty nine displaced intra-articular calcaneus fractures in twenty seven patients were stabilized with open reduction and locked nail internal fixation from May 2011 to December 2014. (faoj.org)
- 7. Evaluation of Fibular Fracture Type vs Location of Tibial Fixation of Pilon Fractures. (nih.gov)
- 13. Comparison of Early and Delayed Open Reduction and Internal Fixation for Treating Closed Tibial Pilon Fractures. (nih.gov)
- The role of fibular fixation in distal shaft fractures of the leg. (nih.gov)
- 20. Intramedullary tibial nailing of distal tibiofibular fractures: additional fibular fixation or not? (nih.gov)
- When surgery is needed, it may require metal pins, screws, or plates to hold the bones in place as the fracture heals. (medlineplus.gov)
- Without surgery, your ankle will be placed in a cast or splint for 4 to 8 weeks. (medlineplus.gov)
- Immediate weightbearing patients were placed into a controlled ankle motion (CAM) boot and allowed to fully bear weight the day of surgery. (healthpartners.com)
- Ankle fractures don't heal predictable without surgery. (docontherun.com)
- Basically you can place a cast on the broken ankle and hope it heals in the correct position or put the bones back in the correct position in surgery. (docontherun.com)
- Treatment for most ankle fractures will require surgery. (docontherun.com)
- At the end of the surgery your surgeon will place a cast, splint, or fracture boot on your leg to protect the repair. (docontherun.com)
- The rehabilitation after ankle surgery is a critical component of your recovery. (docontherun.com)
- It seems than many people who have ankle fracture surgery want to know if the screws and plates cause pain. (docontherun.com)
- Ankle hardware removal is most often an outpatient surgery. (docontherun.com)
- Some fractures cannot be treated using the above mentioned methods and require surgery. (theankleandfootclinic.com)
- While simple fractures can sometimes be treated without surgery, if you have a serious injury, surgery may be necessary to ensure proper healing and function of the ankle joint. (silverstonepodiatry.com)
- Board Certified Experts Doctors Nick Argerakis and Adam Bernatsky are both board-certified, and fellowship-trained in foot & ankle surgery. (silverstonepodiatry.com)
- This test is employed to check the stability of the fracture to decide if surgery is necessary or not. (cfosm.com)
- After ankle surgery, you will be instructed to avoid putting weight on the ankle by using crutches while walking for at least six weeks. (cfosm.com)
- Rarely, surgery may result in incomplete healing of the fracture, which requires another surgery to repair. (cfosm.com)
- Under certain circumstances, surgery may be required to install support pins around the fracture to assist in healing. (richfeet.org)
- When surgery is the best course of action, you will be glad to know that Southernmost Foot and Ankle Specialists is the educated choice of many area physicians. (urgentfootcare.com)
- And if you're suffering from foot or ankle pain from previous unsuccessful surgery, you should visit Southernmost Foot and Ankle Specialists . (urgentfootcare.com)
- For some ankle fractures, surgery is needed to repair the fracture and other soft tissue related injuries, if present. (womickpodiatryclinic.net)
- 8. Predictors of reduction loss in tibial plateau fracture surgery: Focusing on posterior coronal fractures. (nih.gov)
Cast or splint2
- The fracture extends into the ankle joint (intra-articular fracture). (medlineplus.gov)
- There is no general agreement for the best surgical treatment of displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures. (faoj.org)
- T he management of displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures remains a significant challenge to orthopedic surgeons and patients [1,2].These fractures are debilitating and have important long-term consequences for patients [1,3,4,5]. (faoj.org)
- The most effective treatment of displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures is still a matter of debate [1,3,6]. (faoj.org)
- The aim of this study was to assess the clinical, radiographic, and functional outcomes of patients after locked nail osteosynthesis of displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures. (faoj.org)
- You can also injure other parts of the ankle such as tendons, which join muscles to bone, and cartilage, which cushions your joints. (nih.gov)
- Medial Malleolus fracture in which the medial malleolus, the inner part of the ankle, is fractured. (cfosm.com)
- If you begin to experience any symptoms of stress fractures, you should stop exercising and rest. (richfeet.org)
- Intraoperative detection was regarded as the gold standard, and the diagnostic sensitivity of preoperative ankle X-ray and 3D-CT for the distal fibular avulsion fractures was statistically determined. (bvsalud.org)
- To investigate the difference in sensitivity between X-ray and three-dimensional reconstruction of computed tomography (3D-CT) for the diagnosis of distal fibular avulsion fracture , and the radiographic presentation of the ossicle. (bvsalud.org)
- From January to October 2018, 92 patients with distal fibular avulsion fracture were visited for surgical treatment in Department of Sports Medicine , Peking University Third Hospital , and 60 cases were finally enrolled according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria. (bvsalud.org)
- 2. Is the absence of an ipsilateral fibular fracture predictive of increased radiographic tibial pilon fracture severity? (nih.gov)
- 6. Differences in Pilon Fractures According to Ipsilateral Fibular Injury Patterns: A Clinical Computed Tomography-Based Mapping Study. (nih.gov)
- 18. A fibular notch approach for the treatment of ankle fractures involving the distal tibial plafond. (nih.gov)
- Brit singer Jessie J continues to be spotted out and about wearing her customised SP Walker since suffering a broken ankle earlier this summer. (physioroom.com)
- If you are young and active, surgical repair of the broken ankle is you best hope of staying active and avoiding debilitating ankle arthritis in the future. (docontherun.com)
- In order to fix the broken ankle, an anesthesiologist will make you comfortable and monitor you while under general anesthesia. (docontherun.com)
- The surgeon then repairs the broken ankle bones and closed the incision. (docontherun.com)
- Most ankle fracture surgeries will require that you use crutches and don't walk on the broken ankle for 6-8 weeks. (docontherun.com)
- The Epidemiology of Ankle Injuries Identified at the National Football League Combine, 2009-2015. (medscape.com)
- Robertson GA, Wood AM, Aitken SA, Court Brown C. Epidemiology, management, and outcome of sport-related ankle fractures in a standard UK population. (medscape.com)
- Ankle Fracture Epidemiology in the United States: Patient-Related Trends and Mechanisms of Injury. (umassmed.edu)
Injuries to the ankle2
- Athletes are especially prone to getting ankle fractures of this sort, especially if they play high-impact sports or use improper equipment or technique. (theorthopaedicandpainpractice.com)
- Risks and complications that can occur with ankle fractures include improper casting or improper alignment of the bones which can cause deformities and eventually arthritis. (cfosm.com)
- Stress fractures can also be caused by abnormal foot structure, osteoporosis, bone deformities, or wearing improper footwear during exercise. (richfeet.org)
- Wedmore IS, Charette J. Emergency department evaluation and treatment of ankle and foot injuries. (medscape.com)
- Surgical versus Conservative Treatment for Ankle Fractures in Adults. (blogarama.com)
- Treatment can be nonoperative or operative depending on fracture displacement, ankle stability, presence of syndesmotic injury, and patient activity demands. (orthobullets.com)
- Whether you roll you ankle stepping of a curb wrong in downtown San Francisco or slip and fall on a hiking trail in the Marin Headlands, if you break your ankle, you need treatment. (docontherun.com)
- The specifics of the fractures should not really be all that important to patients because there are only so many treatment choices. (docontherun.com)
- The treatment of ankle fractures depends on whether or not the bones involved are displaced or undisplaced. (theorthopaedicandpainpractice.com)
- The risk of subsequent displacement if the fracture is treated non-surgically is also taken into consideration when discussing treatment alternatives. (theorthopaedicandpainpractice.com)
- Non-surgical treatment of ankle fractures usually entails the application of a plaster cast. (theorthopaedicandpainpractice.com)
- Pain medications such as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) may be prescribed to alleviate ankle pain during the initial period of treatment. (theorthopaedicandpainpractice.com)
- This method of treatment is especially indicated for displaced fractures of the ankle. (theorthopaedicandpainpractice.com)
- The first step towards treatment of foot and ankle fractures is to stop all strenuous activity and take rest. (theankleandfootclinic.com)
- Following an ankle injury it is important to have the ankle evaluated by a physician for proper diagnosis and treatment. (txfootankle.com)
- The treatment of ankle fracture depends upon the type and the stability of the fractured bone. (cfosm.com)
- Treatment starts with non-surgical methods, and in cases where the fracture is unstable and cannot be realigned, surgical methods are employed. (cfosm.com)
- In non-surgical treatment, the ankle bone is realigned and special splints or a plaster cast is placed around the joint, for at least 2-3 weeks. (cfosm.com)
- Southernmost Foot and Ankle Specialists will always explore all non-surgical options before recommending surgical treatment . (urgentfootcare.com)
- Treatment of ankle fractures depends upon the type and severity of the injury. (womickpodiatryclinic.net)
- Objectives: In patients over 50 years who have sustained a displaced femoral neck fracture, what is the rate of re-operation at 2 years when THA versus HA is used as the surgical treatment? (nih.gov)
- In general, fractures that are undisplaced and at low risk of subsequent displacement may be treated non surgically, whereas fractures that are displaced or at a high risk of displacement are usually managed surgically. (theorthopaedicandpainpractice.com)
- Most ankle fractures that are treated surgically are treated with open reduction of the fractured bones, where the skin over the fracture is incised, and the bones are placed back into their original positions. (theorthopaedicandpainpractice.com)
- 16. Patient reported health related quality of life early outcomes at 12 months after surgically managed tibial plafond fracture. (nih.gov)
- Frequent X-rays of the ankle will be taken to ensure that no subsequent displacement of the ankle fracture occurs while it is being treated in a plaster cast. (theorthopaedicandpainpractice.com)
- 14. Computed Tomography Assessment of Peroneal Tendon Displacement and Posteromedial Structure Entrapment in Pilon Fractures. (nih.gov)
- Stress fractures are small breaks in the bone that are caused by repetitive stress. (richfeet.org)
- Stress fractures are common for individuals whose daily activities cause high levels of impact on their feet and ankles. (richfeet.org)
- Individuals who are normally sedentary and suddenly begin an intense, high impact workout may sustain stress fractures. (richfeet.org)
- Osteoporosis may also cause someone to get stress fractures, because the disease weakens an afflicted person's bones and makes it easier for them to break down. (richfeet.org)
- Pain from stress fractures typically occurs in the general area of the fracture. (richfeet.org)
- Remembering these tips can help you prevent stress fractures to your foot and ankle, and allow you to continue living normally. (richfeet.org)
Foot Ankle Int1
- Foot Ankle Int . 2014 Nov. 35 (11):1143-52. (medscape.com)
- Da Vinci Foot and Ankle LLC is neither associated nor affiliated with Intuitive Surgical, Inc. or its da Vinci Surgical Systems. (davincifootandankle.com)
- 4. The reconstruction of tibial metaphyseal comminution using hybrid frames in severe tibial plafond fractures. (nih.gov)
- Posterior Malleolus fracture in which the posterior malleolus, the bony hump of the tibia, is fractured. (cfosm.com)
- The incision is then sutured closed and the operated ankle is immobilized with a splint or cast. (cfosm.com)
- Charlotte Hornets guard LaMelo Ball holds his ankle after being shaken up on a play during the second half of an NBA basketball game against the Detroit Pistons in Charlotte, N.C., Monday, Feb. 27, 2023. (arcpublishing.com)
Weight on the ankle1
- As part of the examination, you may be asked to put weight on the ankle and walk. (theorthopaedicandpainpractice.com)
Injury to Your Ankle1
- If you've suffered an injury to your ankle and are experiencing pain, swelling, redness, or bruising, you may have fractured your ankle. (silverstonepodiatry.com)
- As a variation, you may also try bending the knee of the leg with the injured ankle. (blogarama.com)
- CLEVELAND - Celtics forward Gordon Hayward suffered a left ankle fracture in the first quarter of his team's NBA season-opening game against the Cavaliers on Tuesday. (sportingnews.com)
- Ball's other ankle has been bothersome this season - he's sprained his left ankle three times, limiting him to 36 games. (arcpublishing.com)
- Fourth, there is no conflict of fixative elements with peroneal tendon and lateral ankle. (faoj.org)
- The goal of this study was to compare immediate weightbearing (IWB) and traditional weightbearing (TWB) postoperative protocols in unstable ankle fractures, as this has not been compared in prior works. (healthpartners.com)
- Ankle XR mortis view showing trimalleolar fracture with unstable joint. (wikism.org)
- The diagnosis of the ankle injury starts with a physical examination, followed by X-rays and CT scan of the injured area for a detailed view. (cfosm.com)
- Begin with stretching exercises for flexibility and work towards strengthening the ankle and adjacent muscles which support it. (blogarama.com)
- This will involve curated sessions with a physiotherapist, focused on the range of ankle motion and strengthening of key muscles around the ankle joint. (theorthopaedicandpainpractice.com)
Break in a bone2
- Low serum alkaline phosphatase activity and pathologic fracture: case report and brief review of hypophosphatasia diagnosed in adulthood. (nih.gov)
- Putting weight on your ankle too soon may mean the bones do not heal properly. (medlineplus.gov)
- Taking rest for 6-8 weeks allows the fracture to heal. (theankleandfootclinic.com)
- Fractures on the outer side of foot may take longer to heal. (theankleandfootclinic.com)
- Some fractures will heal quickly with only a little bit of rest, while others may require a long rest period and the use of crutches, immobilization, or physical therapy. (richfeet.org)