Ankle Joint: The joint that is formed by the inferior articular and malleolar articular surfaces of the TIBIA; the malleolar articular surface of the FIBULA; and the medial malleolar, lateral malleolar, and superior surfaces of the TALUS.Ankle: The region of the lower limb between the FOOT and the LEG.Ankle Injuries: Harm or hurt to the ankle or ankle joint usually inflicted by an external source.Lateral Ligament, Ankle: LATERAL LIGAMENTS of the ANKLE JOINT. It includes inferior tibiofibular ligaments.Sprains and Strains: A collective term for muscle and ligament injuries without dislocation or fracture. A sprain is a joint injury in which some of the fibers of a supporting ligament are ruptured but the continuity of the ligament remains intact. A strain is an overstretching or overexertion of some part of the musculature.Talus: The second largest of the TARSAL BONES. It articulates with the TIBIA and FIBULA to form the ANKLE JOINT.Foot: The distal extremity of the leg in vertebrates, consisting of the tarsus (ANKLE); METATARSUS; phalanges; and the soft tissues surrounding these bones.Joint Instability: Lack of stability of a joint or joint prosthesis. Factors involved are intra-articular disease and integrity of extra-articular structures such as joint capsule, ligaments, and muscles.Arthrodesis: The surgical fixation of a joint by a procedure designed to accomplish fusion of the joint surfaces by promoting the proliferation of bone cells. (Dorland, 28th ed)Ankle Brachial Index: Comparison of the BLOOD PRESSURE between the BRACHIAL ARTERY and the POSTERIOR TIBIAL ARTERY. It is a predictor of PERIPHERAL ARTERIAL DISEASE.Range of Motion, Articular: The distance and direction to which a bone joint can be extended. Range of motion is a function of the condition of the joints, muscles, and connective tissues involved. Joint flexibility can be improved through appropriate MUSCLE STRETCHING EXERCISES.Orthotic Devices: Apparatus used to support, align, prevent, or correct deformities or to improve the function of movable parts of the body.Ligaments, Articular: Fibrous cords of CONNECTIVE TISSUE that attach bones to each other and hold together the many types of joints in the body. Articular ligaments are strong, elastic, and allow movement in only specific directions, depending on the individual joint.Braces: Orthopedic appliances used to support, align, or hold parts of the body in correct position. (Dorland, 28th ed)Biomechanical Phenomena: The properties, processes, and behavior of biological systems under the action of mechanical forces.Fibula: The bone of the lower leg lateral to and smaller than the tibia. In proportion to its length, it is the most slender of the long bones.Subtalar Joint: Formed by the articulation of the talus with the calcaneus.Foot Injuries: General or unspecified injuries involving the foot.Gait: Manner or style of walking.Tarsus, Animal: The region in the hindlimb of a quadruped, corresponding to the human ANKLE.Athletic Injuries: Injuries incurred during participation in competitive or non-competitive sports.Ankle FracturesProprioception: Sensory functions that transduce stimuli received by proprioceptive receptors in joints, tendons, muscles, and the INNER EAR into neural impulses to be transmitted to the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM. Proprioception provides sense of stationary positions and movements of one's body parts, and is important in maintaining KINESTHESIA and POSTURAL BALANCE.Tarsal Bones: The seven bones which form the tarsus - namely, CALCANEUS; TALUS; cuboid, navicular, and the internal, middle, and external cuneiforms.Torque: The rotational force about an axis that is equal to the product of a force times the distance from the axis where the force is applied.Fractures, Bone: Breaks in bones.Electromyography: Recording of the changes in electric potential of muscle by means of surface or needle electrodes.Walking: An activity in which the body advances at a slow to moderate pace by moving the feet in a coordinated fashion. This includes recreational walking, walking for fitness, and competitive race-walking.Leg: The inferior part of the lower extremity between the KNEE and the ANKLE.Equinus Deformity: Plantar declination of the foot.Muscle, Skeletal: A subtype of striated muscle, attached by TENDONS to the SKELETON. Skeletal muscles are innervated and their movement can be consciously controlled. They are also called voluntary muscles.Casts, Surgical: Dressings made of fiberglass, plastic, or bandage impregnated with plaster of paris used for immobilization of various parts of the body in cases of fractures, dislocations, and infected wounds. In comparison with plaster casts, casts made of fiberglass or plastic are lightweight, radiolucent, able to withstand moisture, and less rigid.Joint Prosthesis: Prostheses used to partially or totally replace a human or animal joint. (from UMDNS, 1999)Postural Balance: A POSTURE in which an ideal body mass distribution is achieved. Postural balance provides the body carriage stability and conditions for normal functions in stationary position or in movement, such as sitting, standing, or walking.Foot Diseases: Anatomical and functional disorders affecting the foot.Gait Disorders, Neurologic: Gait abnormalities that are a manifestation of nervous system dysfunction. These conditions may be caused by a wide variety of disorders which affect motor control, sensory feedback, and muscle strength including: CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM DISEASES; PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM DISEASES; NEUROMUSCULAR DISEASES; or MUSCULAR DISEASES.Basketball: A competitive team sport played on a rectangular court having a raised basket at each end.ShoesAchilles Tendon: A fibrous cord that connects the muscles in the back of the calf to the HEEL BONE.Posture: The position or attitude of the body.Bandages: Material used for wrapping or binding any part of the body.Reflex, Stretch: Reflex contraction of a muscle in response to stretching, which stimulates muscle proprioceptors.Peroneal Nerve: The lateral of the two terminal branches of the sciatic nerve. The peroneal (or fibular) nerve provides motor and sensory innervation to parts of the leg and foot.Movement: The act, process, or result of passing from one place or position to another. It differs from LOCOMOTION in that locomotion is restricted to the passing of the whole body from one place to another, while movement encompasses both locomotion but also a change of the position of the whole body or any of its parts. Movement may be used with reference to humans, vertebrate and invertebrate animals, and microorganisms. Differentiate also from MOTOR ACTIVITY, movement associated with behavior.Foot Deformities: Alterations or deviations from normal shape or size which result in a disfigurement of the foot.Weight-Bearing: The physical state of supporting an applied load. This often refers to the weight-bearing bones or joints that support the body's weight, especially those in the spine, hip, knee, and foot.Osteoarthritis: A progressive, degenerative joint disease, the most common form of arthritis, especially in older persons. The disease is thought to result not from the aging process but from biochemical changes and biomechanical stresses affecting articular cartilage. In the foreign literature it is often called osteoarthrosis deformans.Calcaneus: The largest of the TARSAL BONES which is situated at the lower and back part of the FOOT, forming the HEEL.Toes: Any one of five terminal digits of the vertebrate FOOT.Joints: Also known as articulations, these are points of connection between the ends of certain separate bones, or where the borders of other bones are juxtaposed.Arthroplasty, Replacement: Partial or total replacement of a joint.Knee Joint: A synovial hinge connection formed between the bones of the FEMUR; TIBIA; and PATELLA.Locomotion: Movement or the ability to move from one place or another. It can refer to humans, vertebrate or invertebrate animals, and microorganisms.Recovery of Function: A partial or complete return to the normal or proper physiologic activity of an organ or part following disease or trauma.Flatfoot: A condition in which one or more of the arches of the foot have flattened out.Foot Deformities, Acquired: Distortion or disfigurement of the foot, or a part of the foot, acquired through disease or injury after birth.Sports Equipment: Equipment required for engaging in a sport (such as balls, bats, rackets, skis, skates, ropes, weights) and devices for the protection of athletes during their performance (such as masks, gloves, mouth pieces).Joint DiseasesLower Extremity: The region of the lower limb in animals, extending from the gluteal region to the FOOT, and including the BUTTOCKS; HIP; and LEG.Heel: The back (or posterior) of the FOOT in PRIMATES, found behind the ANKLE and distal to the TOES.Knee: A region of the lower extremity immediately surrounding and including the KNEE JOINT.Tendons: Fibrous bands or cords of CONNECTIVE TISSUE at the ends of SKELETAL MUSCLE FIBERS that serve to attach the MUSCLES to bones and other structures.Tibial Nerve: The medial terminal branch of the sciatic nerve. The tibial nerve fibers originate in lumbar and sacral spinal segments (L4 to S2). They supply motor and sensory innervation to parts of the calf and foot.Hip: The projecting part on each side of the body, formed by the side of the pelvis and the top portion of the femur.Arthroscopy: Endoscopic examination, therapy and surgery of the joint.Tibia: The second longest bone of the skeleton. It is located on the medial side of the lower leg, articulating with the FIBULA laterally, the TALUS distally, and the FEMUR proximally.Foot Joints: The articulations extending from the ANKLE distally to the TOES. These include the ANKLE JOINT; TARSAL JOINTS; METATARSOPHALANGEAL JOINT; and TOE JOINT.Tibial FracturesHip Joint: The joint that is formed by the articulation of the head of FEMUR and the ACETABULUM of the PELVIS.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Toe Joint: The articulation between the head of one phalanx and the base of the one distal to it, in each toe.Clubfoot: A deformed foot in which the foot is plantarflexed, inverted and adducted.Foot Bones: The TARSAL BONES; METATARSAL BONES; and PHALANGES OF TOES. The tarsal bones consists of seven bones: CALCANEUS; TALUS; cuboid; navicular; internal; middle; and external cuneiform bones. The five metatarsal bones are numbered one through five, running medial to lateral. There are 14 phalanges in each foot, the great toe has two while the other toes have three each.Soccer: A game in which a round inflated ball is advanced by kicking or propelling with any part of the body except the hands or arms. The object of the game is to place the ball in opposite goals.Hindlimb: Either of two extremities of four-footed non-primate land animals. It usually consists of a FEMUR; TIBIA; and FIBULA; tarsals; METATARSALS; and TOES. (From Storer et al., General Zoology, 6th ed, p73)Fractures, Closed: Fractures in which the break in bone is not accompanied by an external wound.Fracture Fixation: The use of metallic devices inserted into or through bone to hold a fracture in a set position and alignment while it heals.Arthropathy, Neurogenic: Chronic progressive degeneration of the stress-bearing portion of a joint, with bizarre hypertrophic changes at the periphery. It is probably a complication of a variety of neurologic disorders, particularly TABES DORSALIS, involving loss of sensation, which leads to relaxation of supporting structures and chronic instability of the joint. (Dorland, 27th ed)Joint Deformities, Acquired: Deformities acquired after birth as the result of injury or disease. The joint deformity is often associated with rheumatoid arthritis and leprosy.Muscle Spasticity: A form of muscle hypertonia associated with upper MOTOR NEURON DISEASE. Resistance to passive stretch of a spastic muscle results in minimal initial resistance (a "free interval") followed by an incremental increase in muscle tone. Tone increases in proportion to the velocity of stretch. Spasticity is usually accompanied by HYPERREFLEXIA and variable degrees of MUSCLE WEAKNESS. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p54)Peripheral Vascular Diseases: Pathological processes involving any one of the BLOOD VESSELS in the vasculature outside the HEART.Isometric Contraction: Muscular contractions characterized by increase in tension without change in length.Muscle Contraction: A process leading to shortening and/or development of tension in muscle tissue. Muscle contraction occurs by a sliding filament mechanism whereby actin filaments slide inward among the myosin filaments.ArthritisH-Reflex: A monosynaptic reflex elicited by stimulating a nerve, particularly the tibial nerve, with an electric shock.Fracture Fixation, Internal: The use of internal devices (metal plates, nails, rods, etc.) to hold the position of a fracture in proper alignment.Musculoskeletal Physiological Phenomena: Processes and properties of the MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM.Robotics: The application of electronic, computerized control systems to mechanical devices designed to perform human functions. Formerly restricted to industry, but nowadays applied to artificial organs controlled by bionic (bioelectronic) devices, like automated insulin pumps and other prostheses.Foot Orthoses: Devices used to support or align the foot structure, or to prevent or correct foot deformities.Immobilization: The restriction of the MOVEMENT of whole or part of the body by physical means (RESTRAINT, PHYSICAL) or chemically by ANALGESIA, or the use of TRANQUILIZING AGENTS or NEUROMUSCULAR NONDEPOLARIZING AGENTS. It includes experimental protocols used to evaluate the physiologic effects of immobility.Forefoot, Human: The forepart of the foot including the metatarsals and the TOES.Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Peripheral Arterial Disease: Lack of perfusion in the EXTREMITIES resulting from atherosclerosis. It is characterized by INTERMITTENT CLAUDICATION, and an ANKLE BRACHIAL INDEX of 0.9 or less.Hemiplegia: Severe or complete loss of motor function on one side of the body. This condition is usually caused by BRAIN DISEASES that are localized to the cerebral hemisphere opposite to the side of weakness. Less frequently, BRAIN STEM lesions; cervical SPINAL CORD DISEASES; PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM DISEASES; and other conditions may manifest as hemiplegia. The term hemiparesis (see PARESIS) refers to mild to moderate weakness involving one side of the body.Artificial Limbs: Prosthetic replacements for arms, legs, and parts thereof.Cryotherapy: A form of therapy consisting in the local or general use of cold. The selective destruction of tissue by extreme cold or freezing is CRYOSURGERY. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Paresis: A general term referring to a mild to moderate degree of muscular weakness, occasionally used as a synonym for PARALYSIS (severe or complete loss of motor function). In the older literature, paresis often referred specifically to paretic neurosyphilis (see NEUROSYPHILIS). "General paresis" and "general paralysis" may still carry that connotation. Bilateral lower extremity paresis is referred to as PARAPARESIS.Muscle Strength: The amount of force generated by MUSCLE CONTRACTION. Muscle strength can be measured during isometric, isotonic, or isokinetic contraction, either manually or using a device such as a MUSCLE STRENGTH DYNAMOMETER.Ilizarov Technique: A bone fixation technique using an external fixator (FIXATORS, EXTERNAL) for lengthening limbs, correcting pseudarthroses and other deformities, and assisting the healing of otherwise hopeless traumatic or pathological fractures and infections, such as chronic osteomyelitis. The method was devised by the Russian orthopedic surgeon Gavriil Abramovich Ilizarov (1921-1992). (From Bull Hosp Jt Dis 1992 Summer;52(1):1)Leg Injuries: General or unspecified injuries involving the leg.Reflex, Abnormal: An abnormal response to a stimulus applied to the sensory components of the nervous system. This may take the form of increased, decreased, or absent reflexes.Metatarsophalangeal Joint: The articulation between a metatarsal bone (METATARSAL BONES) and a phalanx.Physical Therapy Modalities: Therapeutic modalities frequently used in PHYSICAL THERAPY SPECIALTY by PHYSICAL THERAPISTS or physiotherapists to promote, maintain, or restore the physical and physiological well-being of an individual.Arthralgia: Pain in the joint.Supination: Applies to movements of the forearm in turning the palm forward or upward. When referring to the foot, a combination of adduction and inversion movements of the foot.Osteotomy: The surgical cutting of a bone. (Dorland, 28th ed)Metatarsal Bones: The five long bones of the METATARSUS, articulating with the TARSAL BONES proximally and the PHALANGES OF TOES distally.Pain Measurement: Scales, questionnaires, tests, and other methods used to assess pain severity and duration in patients or experimental animals to aid in diagnosis, therapy, and physiological studies.Kinesthesis: Sense of movement of a part of the body, such as movement of fingers, elbows, knees, limbs, or weights.Hallux Valgus: Lateral displacement of the great toe (HALLUX), producing deformity of the first METATARSOPHALANGEAL JOINT with callous, bursa, or bunion formation over the bony prominence.Fasciitis, Plantar: Inflammation of the thick tissue on the bottom of the foot (plantar fascia) causing HEEL pain. The plantar fascia (also called plantar aponeurosis) are bands of fibrous tissue extending from the calcaneal tuberosity to the TOES. The etiology of plantar fasciitis remains controversial but is likely to involve a biomechanical imbalance. Though often presenting along with HEEL SPUR, they do not appear to be causally related.Athletic Tape: Adhesive tape with the mechanical strength to resist stretching. It is applied to the skin to support, stabilize, and restrict movement to aid healing and/or prevent injuries of MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM.Brachial Artery: The continuation of the axillary artery; it branches into the radial and ulnar arteries.Collateral Ligaments: A number of ligaments on either side of, and serving as a radius of movement of, a joint having a hingelike movement. They occur at the elbow, knee, wrist, metacarpo- and metatarsophalangeal, proximal interphalangeal, and distal interphalangeal joints of the hands and feet. (Stedman, 25th ed)External Fixators: External devices which hold wires or pins that are placed through one or both cortices of bone in order to hold the position of a fracture in proper alignment. These devices allow easy access to wounds, adjustment during the course of healing, and more functional use of the limbs involved.Metatarsus: The part of the foot between the tarsa and the TOES.Decerebrate State: A condition characterized by abnormal posturing of the limbs that is associated with injury to the brainstem. This may occur as a clinical manifestation or induced experimentally in animals. The extensor reflexes are exaggerated leading to rigid extension of the limbs accompanied by hyperreflexia and opisthotonus. This condition is usually caused by lesions which occur in the region of the brainstem that lies between the red nuclei and the vestibular nuclei. In contrast, decorticate rigidity is characterized by flexion of the elbows and wrists with extension of the legs and feet. The causative lesion for this condition is located above the red nuclei and usually consists of diffuse cerebral damage. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p358)Intermittent Claudication: A symptom complex characterized by pain and weakness in SKELETAL MUSCLE group associated with exercise, such as leg pain and weakness brought on by walking. Such muscle limpness disappears after a brief rest and is often relates to arterial STENOSIS; muscle ISCHEMIA; and accumulation of LACTATE.Exercise Therapy: A regimen or plan of physical activities designed and prescribed for specific therapeutic goals. Its purpose is to restore normal musculoskeletal function or to reduce pain caused by diseases or injuries.Osteochondritis: Inflammation of a bone and its overlaying CARTILAGE.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Intra-Articular Fractures: Fractures of the articular surface of a bone.Cerebral Palsy: A heterogeneous group of nonprogressive motor disorders caused by chronic brain injuries that originate in the prenatal period, perinatal period, or first few years of life. The four major subtypes are spastic, athetoid, ataxic, and mixed cerebral palsy, with spastic forms being the most common. The motor disorder may range from difficulties with fine motor control to severe spasticity (see MUSCLE SPASTICITY) in all limbs. Spastic diplegia (Little disease) is the most common subtype, and is characterized by spasticity that is more prominent in the legs than in the arms. Pathologically, this condition may be associated with LEUKOMALACIA, PERIVENTRICULAR. (From Dev Med Child Neurol 1998 Aug;40(8):520-7)Pain: An unpleasant sensation induced by noxious stimuli which are detected by NERVE ENDINGS of NOCICEPTIVE NEURONS.Rotation: Motion of an object in which either one or more points on a line are fixed. It is also the motion of a particle about a fixed point. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Edema: Abnormal fluid accumulation in TISSUES or body cavities. Most cases of edema are present under the SKIN in SUBCUTANEOUS TISSUE.Amputation: The removal of a limb or other appendage or outgrowth of the body. (Dorland, 28th ed)Reconstructive Surgical Procedures: Procedures used to reconstruct, restore, or improve defective, damaged, or missing structures.Sports Medicine: The field of medicine concerned with physical fitness and the diagnosis and treatment of injuries sustained in exercise and sports activities.Cadaver: A dead body, usually a human body.Radiography: Examination of any part of the body for diagnostic purposes by means of X-RAYS or GAMMA RAYS, recording the image on a sensitized surface (such as photographic film).Muscle Weakness: A vague complaint of debility, fatigue, or exhaustion attributable to weakness of various muscles. The weakness can be characterized as subacute or chronic, often progressive, and is a manifestation of many muscle and neuromuscular diseases. (From Wyngaarden et al., Cecil Textbook of Medicine, 19th ed, p2251)Contracture: Prolonged shortening of the muscle or other soft tissue around a joint, preventing movement of the joint.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Diabetic Neuropathies: Peripheral, autonomic, and cranial nerve disorders that are associated with DIABETES MELLITUS. These conditions usually result from diabetic microvascular injury involving small blood vessels that supply nerves (VASA NERVORUM). Relatively common conditions which may be associated with diabetic neuropathy include third nerve palsy (see OCULOMOTOR NERVE DISEASES); MONONEUROPATHY; mononeuropathy multiplex; diabetic amyotrophy; a painful POLYNEUROPATHY; autonomic neuropathy; and thoracoabdominal neuropathy. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1325)AmputeesRupture: Forcible or traumatic tear or break of an organ or other soft part of the body.

Isolated femoropopliteal bypass graft for limb salvage after failed tibial reconstruction: a viable alternative to amputation. (1/775)

PURPOSE: Femoropopliteal bypass grafting procedures performed to isolated popliteal arteries after failure of a previous tibial reconstruction were studied. The results were compared with those of a study of primary isolated femoropopliteal bypass grafts (IFPBs). METHODS: IFPBs were only constructed if the uninvolved or patent popliteal segment measured at least 7 cm in length and had at least one major collateral supplying the calf. When IFPB was performed for ischemic lesions, these lesions were usually limited to the digits or small portions of the foot. Forty-seven polytetrafluoroethylene grafts and three autogenous reversed saphenous vein grafts were used. RESULTS: Ankle brachial pressure index (ABI) increased after bypass grafting by a mean of 0.46. Three-year primary life table patency and limb-salvage rates for primary IFPBs were 73% and 86%, respectively. All eight IFPBs performed after failed tibial bypass grafts remained patent for 2 to 44 months, with patients having viable, healed feet. CONCLUSION: In the presence of a suitable popliteal artery and limited tissue necrosis, IFPB can have acceptable patency and limb-salvage rates, even when a polytetrafluoroethylene graft is used. Secondary IFPB can be used to achieve limb salvage after failed tibial bypass grafting.  (+info)

Surgical transluminal iliac angioplasty with selective stenting: long-term results assessed by means of duplex scanning. (2/775)

PURPOSE: The safety of iliac angioplasty and selective stenting performed in the operating room by vascular surgeons was evaluated, and the short- and long-term results were assessed by means of serial duplex scanning. METHODS: Between 1989 and 1996, 281 iliac stenotic or occlusive lesions in 235 consecutive patients with chronic limb ischemia were treated by means of percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) alone (n = 214) or PTA with stent (n = 67, 23.8%). There were 260 primary lesions and 21 restenosis after a first PTA, which were analyzed separately. Stents were implanted in selected cases, either primarily in totally occluded arteries or after suboptimum results of PTA (ie, residual stenosis or a dissection). Data were collected prospectively and analyzed retrospectively. Results were reported in an intention-to-treat basis. Clinical results and patency were evaluated by means of symptom assessment, ankle brachial pressure index, and duplex scanning at discharge and 1, 3, 6, and every 12 months after angioplasty. To identify factors that may affect outcome, 12 clinical and radiological variables, including the four categories of lesions defined by the Standards of Practice Committee of the Society of Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology, were analyzed separately. The statistical significances of life-table analysis of patency were determined by means of the log-rank test. RESULTS: There were no postoperative deaths or amputations. Local, general, and vascular complications occurred in 2.1%, 1.3% and 4.7% of cases, respectively (total, 8.1%). The mean follow-up period was 29.6 months. The cumulative patency rates +/- SE of the 260 PTAs (including 55 PTAs plus stents) were 92.9% +/- 1.5% at 1 month, 86. 5% +/- 1.7% at 1 year, 81.2% +/- 2.3% at 2 years, 78.8% +/- 2.9% at 3 years, and 75.4% +/- 3.5% at 5 and 6 years. The two-year patency rate of 21 redo PTAs (including 11 PTAs plus stents) was 79.1% +/- 18.2%. Of 12 predictable variables studied in the first PTA group, only the category of the lesion was predictive of long-term patency. The two-year patency rate was 84% +/- 3% for 199 category 1 lesions and 69.7% +/- 6.5% for 61 category 2, 3, and 4 lesions together (P =. 02). There was no difference of patency in the stented and nonstented group. CONCLUSION: Iliac PTA alone or with the use of a stent (in cases of occlusion and/or suboptimal results of PTA) offers an excellent long-term patency rate. Categorization of lesions remains useful in predicting long-term outcome. PTA can be performed safely by vascular surgeons in the operating room and should be considered to be the primary treatment for localized iliac occlusive disease.  (+info)

Ankle-arm index as a predictor of cardiovascular disease and mortality in the Cardiovascular Health Study. The Cardiovascular Health Study Group. (3/775)

Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) in the legs, measured noninvasively by the ankle-arm index (AAI) is associated with clinically manifest cardiovascular disease (CVD) and its risk factors. To determine risk of total mortality, coronary heart disease, or stroke mortality and incident versus recurrent CVD associated with a low AAI, we examined the relationship of the AAI to subsequent CVD events in 5888 older adults with and without CVD. The AAI was measured in 5888 participants >/=65 years old at the baseline examination of the Cardiovascular Health Study. All participants had a detailed assessment of prevalent CVD and were contacted every 6 months for total mortality and CVD events (including CVD mortality, fatal and nonfatal myocardial infarction, congestive heart failure, angina, stroke, and hospitalized PAD). The crude mortality rate at 6 years was highest (32.3%) in those participants with prevalent CVD and a low AAI (P<0.9), and it was lowest in those with neither of these findings (8.7%, P<0.01). Similar patterns emerged from analysis of recurrent CVD and incident CVD. The risk for incident congestive heart failure (relative risk [RR]=1.61) and for total mortality (RR=1.62) in those without CVD at baseline but with a low AAI remained significantly elevated after adjustment for cardiovascular risk factors. Hospitalized PAD events occurred months to years after the AAI was measured, with an adjusted RR of 5.55 (95% CI, 3.08 to 9.98) in those at risk for incident events. A statistically significant decline in survival was seen at each 0.1 decrement in the AAI. An AAI of <0.9 is an independent risk factor for incident CVD, recurrent CVD, and mortality in this group of older adults in the Cardiovascular Health Study.  (+info)

Ropivacaine or 2% mepivacaine for lower limb peripheral nerve blocks. Study Group on Orthopedic Anesthesia of the Italian Society of Anesthesia, Analgesia, and Intensive Care. (4/775)

BACKGROUND: Intra- and postoperative clinical properties of sciatic-femoral nerve block performed with either ropivacaine at different concentrations or mepivacaine have been evaluated in a multicenter, randomized, blinded study. METHODS: Adult patients scheduled for foot and ankle surgery were randomized to receive combined sciatic-femoral nerve block with 225 mg of either 0.5% (n = 83), 0.75% (n = 87), or 1% (n = 86) ropivacaine, or with 500 mg of 2% mepivacaine (n = 84). A thigh tourniquet was used in all patients. Onset time, adequacy of surgical anesthesia, time to offset of nerve block, and time until first postoperative requirement for pain medication were evaluated by a blinded observer. RESULTS: The adequacy of nerve block was similar in the four treatment groups (the ratios between adequate:inadequate: failed blocks were 74:9:0 with 0.5% ropivacaine, 74:13:0 with 0.75% ropivacaine, 78:8:0 with 1% ropivacaine, and 72:12:0 with 2% mepivacaine). The onset of the block was slower with 0.5% ropivacaine than with other anesthetic solutions (P < 0.001). Regardless of the concentration, ropivacaine produced a longer motor blockade (10.5+/-3.8 h, 10.3+/-4.3 h, and 10.2+/-5.1 h with 0.5%, 0.75%, and 1% ropivacaine, respectively) than with mepivacaine (4.3+/-2.6 h; P < 0.001). The duration of postoperative analgesia was shorter after mepivacaine (5.1+/-2.7 h) than after ropivacaine (12.2+/-4.1 h, 14.3+/-5 h, and 14.5+/-3.4 h, with 0.5%, 0.75%, or 1% ropivacaine, respectively; P < 0.001). Pain relief after 0.5% ropivacaine was 14% shorter than 0.75% or 1% ropivacaine (P < 0.05). During the first 24 h after surgery, 30-37% of patients receiving ropivacaine required no analgesics compared with 10% of those receiving mepivacaine (P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that 0.75% ropivacaine is the most suitable choice of local anesthetic for combined sciatic-femoral nerve block, providing an onset similar to mepivacaine and prolonged postoperative analgesia.  (+info)

Volume of ankle dorsiflexors and plantar flexors determined with stereological techniques. (5/775)

The validity of the methods used for determination of muscle mass has not been evaluated previously. We determined muscle mass by estimating muscle volume with assumption-free stereological techniques applied to magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in 18 healthy untrained subjects (6 women, 12 men) aged 41 yr (29-64 yr; median, range). Muscle mass was also estimated by measuring leg circumference and cross-sectional muscle areas (CSA) from MRIs at three predetermined levels. Power [peak torque (PT)] of the ankle dorsiflexors and plantar flexors was estimated by using isokinetic dynamometry. Dorsiflexor volume (r2 = 0.76, P < 5 x 10(-6)) and CSA (r2 = 0.73, P < 5 x 10(-5)) were related to PT, whereas circumference was not (r2 = 0.17, not significant). Correspondingly, a relationship to plantar PT was established for plantar flexor volume (r2 = 0.69, P < 5 x 10(-5)) and CSA (r2 = 0.46, P < 5 x 10(-3)) but not leg circumference (r2 = 0.15, not significant). SDs of the residuals were smaller for the relationship between dorsiflexor PT and volume than between PT and CSA (0.42 vs. 0.45) for plantar flexors (1.5 vs. 2.0). By using the Cavalieri method, six MRI sections and 15 min of point counting are sufficient to obtain a valid estimate of the volume of the muscles of the lower leg.  (+info)

Lower limb deep venous flow in patients with peripheral vascular disease. (6/775)

PURPOSE: A prospective controlled study was undertaken to determine how peripheral vascular disease (PVD) influences flow in the deep veins of the leg. METHODS: Eighty-nine patients with peripheral vascular disease and 35 age-matched control subjects were studied. The popliteal vein diameter and flow velocity were measured at rest by means of color duplex ultrasound scanning, and these measurements were compared with the ankle-brachial pressure index. For 23 subjects, measurements were also performed during reactive hyperemia and then repeated after venous return from the foot was prevented by an ankle cuff. RESULTS: There was a significant correlation between the ankle-brachial pressure index and the popliteal vein diameter (r = 0.35, P <.001) but a negative correlation between the ankle-brachial pressure index and venous flow velocity among patients with PVD (r = -0.24, P =.002). In PVD patients the diameter decreased further in reactive hyperemia, whereas it increased in control subjects ( P <.001). Preventing venous return from the foot in PVD patients led to diameter increase at rest and abolished the reduction in diameter caused by reactive hyperemia. Despite the reduction in diameter during reactive hyperemia, flow velocity increased less in patients with PVD than it did in control subjects (P =.01). CONCLUSION: Chronic tissue ischemia results in constriction of the popliteal vein. This appears to be an active process related to the washout of humoral factors from ischemic tissues distally, which leads to an increase in flow velocity. The latter may confer some protection against the deep vein thrombosis that would otherwise tend to occur with low venous flow rates.  (+info)

Modulation of stretch reflexes during imposed walking movements of the human ankle. (7/775)

Our overall objectives were to examine the role of peripheral afferents from the ankle in modulating stretch reflexes during imposed walking movements and to assess the mechanical consequences of this reflex activity. Specifically we sought to define the changes in the electromyographic (EMG) and mechanical responses to a stretch as a function of the phase of the step cycle. We recorded the ankle position of a normal subject walking on a treadmill at 3 km/h and used a hydraulic actuator to impose the same movements on supine subjects generating a constant level of ankle torque. Small pulse displacements, superimposed on the simulated walking movement, evoked stretch reflexes at different phases of the cycle. Three major findings resulted: 1) soleus reflex EMG responses were influenced strongly by imposed walking movements. The response amplitude was substantially smaller than that observed during steady-state conditions and was modulated throughout the step cycle. This modulation was qualitatively similar to that observed during active walking. Because central factors were held constant during the imposed walking experiments, we conclude that peripheral mechanisms were capable of both reducing the amplitude of the reflex EMG and producing its modulation throughout the movement. 2) Pulse disturbances applied from early to midstance of the imposed walking cycle generated large reflex torques, suggesting that the stretch reflex could help to resist unexpected perturbations during this phase of walking. In contrast, pulses applied during late stance and swing phase generated little reflex torque. 3) Reflex EMG and reflex torque were modulated differently throughout the imposed walking cycle. In fact, at the time when the reflex EMG response was largest, the corresponding reflex torque was negligible. Thus movement not only changes the reflex EMG but greatly modifies the mechanical output that results.  (+info)

The influence of experience on the reproducibility of the ankle-brachial systolic pressure ratio in peripheral arterial occlusive disease. (8/775)

OBJECTIVES: to estimate the intra-observer variability of the measurement of the ankle-brachial systolic pressure index (ABPI) and to compare the reproducibility of the measurements by experienced vascular laboratory assistants and by less-experienced general practice personnel. DESIGN: repeated measurement of ABPI by general practitioners (GPs), GP-assistants and vascular laboratory assistants using a pocket Doppler device and a random-zero sphygmomanometer. METHODS AND MATERIALS: ABPI was measured in six patients with various degrees of PAOD by two experienced observers (vascular laboratory assistants) and by 24 less-experienced observers (18 practice assistants, six GPs). RESULTS: the total number of measurements was 354. The overall intra-observer variability estimate was 11.8% ABPI. The intra-observer variability was 7.3% in the experienced observers and 12.0% in the less-experienced observers. The difference of variability between experienced and less-experienced observers was significant. CONCLUSIONS: the ABPI is suitable in follow-up studies where repeated measurements are needed. Differences between measurements can be minimised by performing repeated measurements or by using more experienced observers.  (+info)

*Sprain

"Sprained Ankle". American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Society. March 2005. Retrieved 2008-04-01. Ankle Sprains: Healing and ... See sprained ankle for more details. The knee. One of the more talked about sprains is that to the anterior cruciate ligament ( ... It is the most common, and has been said that sprains such as serious ankle sprains are more painful and take longer to heal ... In case of, for example, a sprained ankle, walking should be kept to a minimum. Ice: Ice should be applied immediately to the ...

*Ankle replacement

... , or ankle arthroplasty, is a surgical procedure to replace the damaged articular surfaces of the human ankle ... Clinical ankle scores, such as the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) or the Manchester Oxford Foot & Ankle ... Ankle Society score (AOFAS) free online calculator Total Ankle Replacement Total Ankle Institute. ... "Prospective Controlled Trial of STAR Total Ankle Replacement Versus Ankle Fusion: Initial Results". Foot & Ankle International ...

*Evans technique

Peters, J. W.; Trevino, S. G.; Renstrom, P. A. (1991). "Chronic Lateral Ankle Instability". Foot & Ankle International. 12 (3 ... "Functional Evaluation of the 10-Year Outcome after Modified Evans Repair for Chronic Ankle Instability". Foot & Ankle ... "Repair of the lateral ligaments of the ankle by the Evans technique." J Bone Joint Surg [Br] 58 (1976): S133. EVANS DL (May ... The Evans technique is a surgical procedure to treat the mechanical instability of the lateral ankle ligaments. In the Evans ...

*Ottawa ankle rules

"Multicentre trial to introduce the Ottawa ankle rules for use of radiography in acute ankle injuries. Multicentre Ankle Rule ... In medicine, the Ottawa ankle rules are a set of guidelines for clinicians to help decide if a patient with foot or ankle pain ... April 2009). "Accuracy of Ottawa Ankle Rules to exclude fractures of the ankle and midfoot in children: a meta-analysis". Acad ... Evidence in systematic reviews supports the Ottawa ankle rules as an accurate instrument for excluding fractures of the ankle ...

*Comparative foot morphology

The foot and ankle: biomechanical evaluation and treatment. In: Gould JA, Davies GJ, ed. Orthopaedic and Sports Physical ... whereas the distal limb structures of the ankle and foot have an angulated orientation. In humans and elephants, a vertical- ... the area available for storing and releasing mechanical energy in the muscle tendon units originating proximally to the ankle ...

*Sprained ankle

A sprained ankle, also known as a twisted ankle or rolled ankle, is a common injury where sprain occur on one or more ligaments ... The Ottawa ankle rule is a simple, widely used rule to help differentiate fractures of the ankle or mid-foot from other ankle ... there are different types of ankle sprains such as eversion ankle sprains and inversion ankle sprains. Overall, the most common ... strengthening and stretching exercises should be done through a full range of ankle motion. To improve ankle mobility, ankle ...

*Anterior tibiofibular ligament

Ankle joint. Deep dissection. Anterior view. Dorsum of Foot. Ankle joint. Deep dissection Ankle joint. Deep dissection. Ankle ...

*Ankle pressure

The blood pressure at the ankle is a simple exam for peripheral artery disease (PAD). Often the ankle pressure is divided by ... The patient is placed supine with ankles at heart level. A sphygmomanometer cuff is wrapped around the ankle, and using a ... In a normal subject the pressure at the ankle is equal or slightly higher than arm blood pressure. Unilateral ankle pressure ... Bilateral decrease of ankle pressure can be seen e.g. in aortic disease, and in a young(ish) patient aortic coarctation should ...

*Fibula

It extends past the lower end of the tibia and forms the outer part of the ankle providing stability to this joint. It has ... Ankle joint. Deep dissection. Knee and tibiofibular joint.Deep dissection. Anterior view. The fibula does not carry any ... and is classified as ankle fracture. In the Danis-Weber classification it has three categories: Type A: Fracture of the lateral ... and forms the lateral part of the ankle-joint. The bone has the following components: Lateral malleolus Interosseous membrane ...

*Ankle

The ankle, or the talocrural region, is the region where the foot and the leg meet. The ankle includes three joints: the ankle ... Ankle joint. Deep dissection Dorsum of Foot. Ankle joint. Deep dissection Ankle joint. Deep dissection. Anterior view. Dorsum ... In common usage, the term ankle refers exclusively to the ankle region. In medical terminology, "ankle" (without qualifiers) ... Thus, a sprained ankle is more likely to occur when the ankle is plantar-flexed, as ligamentous support is more important in ...

*Trimalleolar fracture

A trimalleolar fracture is a fracture of the ankle that involves the lateral malleolus, the medial malleolus, and the distal ... Haraguchi, Naoki; Haruyama, H; Toga, H; Kato, F (2006). "Pathoanatomy of Posterior Malleolar Fractures of the Ankle". The ... Anatomical terms of location Bimalleolar fracture Orthopaedic Trauma Association (September 2007). "Ankle Fractures". AAOS. ... the ankle cannot bear any weight while the bone knits. This typically takes six weeks in an otherwise healthy person, but can ...

*Accessory navicular bone

Immobilizing involves placing the foot and ankle in a cast or removable walking boot. This alleviates stressors on the foot and ... An accessory navicular bone is an accessory bone of the foot that occasionally develops abnormally in front of the ankle ... Foot and ankle clinics. 9 (1): 1-23. doi:10.1016/S1083-7515(03)00155-4. PMID 15062212. Media related to Accessory navicular ... mdmercy.com/centers-of-excellence/orthopedics-bone-and-joint/institute-for-foot-and-ankle-reconstruction/conditions-we-treat/ ...

*Ankle-brachial pressure index

The ankle-brachial pressure index (ABPI) or ankle-brachial index (ABI) is the ratio of the blood pressure at the ankle to the ... Measurement of ankle blood pressures in a seated position will grossly overestimate the ABI (by approximately 0.3). A Doppler ... In a normal subject the pressure at the ankle is slightly higher than at the elbow (there is reflection of the pulse pressure ... Allison MA, Hiatt WR, Hirsch AT, Coll JR, Criqui MH (April 2008). "A high ankle-brachial index is associated with increased ...

*Ankle brace

An ankle brace is a garment that is worn around the ankle to protect it or for immobilization while allowing it to heal. Ankle ... weak muscles in the ankle, among others. In rehabilitation are used to immobilize the ankle in a neutral position, which " ... They are common in injury rehabilitation processes that affect the ankle, being made of rigid fabric such nylon and neoprene ... They are indicated for ankle trauma with small fractures or without fracture, immobilization of the joint, postoperative ...

*Tibia

Ankle joint. Deep dissection. Ankle joint. Deep dissection. Ankle joint. Deep dissection. Ankle joint. Deep dissection. Ankle ... Ankle joint. Deep dissection Dorsum of Foot. Ankle joint. Deep dissection Ankle joint. Deep dissection. Anterior view Bones of ... The part of the ankle joint known as the talocrural joint, is a synovial hinge joint that connects the distal ends of the tibia ... The tibia is a part of four joints; the knee, ankle, superior and inferior tibiofibular joint. In the knee the tibia forms one ...

*Navicular bone

ISBN 978-87-628-0307-7. "Top Rated Foot Surgeons - Foot & Ankle Institute in Baltimore- Mercy". "Wheeless' Textbook of ...

*Lateral collateral ligament of ankle joint

The lateral collateral ligament of ankle joint (or external lateral ligament of the ankle-joint) are ligaments of the ankle ... The most common ligament involved in ankle sprain is the anterior talofibular ligament. posterior talofibular ligament The ...

*Avulsion fracture

Surgery of the Foot and Ankle. 2 (6th ed.). St Louis: Mosby-Year Book. pp. 1627-1640. Rothschild, B., Tanke, D. H., and Ford, T ...

*Ankle fracture

In children ankle fractures occur in about 1 per 1000 per year. Symptoms of an ankle fracture can be similar to those of ankle ... An ankle fracture is a break of the ankle bones. It is typically diagnosed by X-ray. Treatment is with splinting, casting or ... A triplane fracture of the ankle as seen on plain X-ray A triplane fracture of the ankle as seen on CT A triplane fracture of ... Ankle Injuries: A Sprained Ankle? Radiology Cases in Pediatric Emergency Medicine Volume 3, Case 3 Alson S. Inaba MD Kapiolani ...

*Ankle monitor

An ankle monitor (also known as a tether, or ankle bracelet) is a homing device that defendants under house arrest or parole ... Ankle monitors are designed to be tamper-resistant and can alert authorities to removal attempts, such as cutting the band ... GPS units are similar in design, but the offender also carries a GPS cell phone unit that receives a signal from the ankle unit ... At all times, the ankle monitor sends a radio frequency signal containing location and other information to a receiver. If an ...

*Ankle Hill

... and Ankle Hill Is Called Ankle Hill due to the blood at The bottom of The Hill was up to peoples ankles. The original Ankle ... Ankle Hill is a hill located in the centre of Melton Mowbray, in Leicestershire. In The Civil War, The Town Of Melton Mowbray ...

*Ankle flare

When this flare occurs around the ankle, it is called an ankle flare. The condition is also known as a malleolar flare, in ... Ankle flares are often caused by venous ulcer, due to deep vein thrombosis or varicose veins. It is considered to be an early ... reference to the malleolus, the bony prominence on each side of the ankle. ...

*Footballer's ankle

... is a pinching or impingement of the ligaments or tendons of the ankle between the bones, particularly the ... pain and tenderness over anterior ankle joint - pain on dorsiflexion and plantar flexion - band of pain across anterior ankle ... soft tissue techniques to stretch muscles crossing the ankle to relieve tension - mobilisation of ankle joint - steroid ... This bone spur may then begin to impact on the soft tissue at the front of the ankle, causing inflammation and swelling. The ...

*Ankle tap

An ankle-tap or tap-tackle is a form of tackle used in both codes of rugby and gridiron football. It is used when the player ...

*Black Ankle

... may refer to: Black Ankle, North Carolina, an unincorporated community in Montgomery County Black Ankle, Texas, an ...
Ankle Brachial Pressure Index (ABPI). The measurement of Ankle Brachial Pressure Index (ABPI) is a useful non-invasive test performed during investigations of vascular function and has long been used to aid detection and diagnosis of peripheral arterial disease (PAD). Deriving the ABPI by dividing t
I read McDermotts editorial (1) with great interest. It might be a global imperative to conduct "a definitive randomized, controlled trial" to determine whether absolute systolic ankle blood pressure screening independent of systolic brachial blood pressure improves health outcomes in persons at risk for peripheral artery disease and cardiovascular disease. Peripheral artery disease can be defined by an abnormally low or high ankle-brachial index (ABI), and both increase cardiovascular mortality. Most studies define peripheral artery disease by an ABI less than 0.9. An ABI does not discriminate between the independent predictive values of systolic ankle blood pressure and systolic brachial blood pressure, and these might differ in ethnically diverse populations ...
Backgrounds: Since association of sleep disordered breathing (SDB) with cardiovascular diseases has been reported, non-invasive detection of arterial sclerosis in the early stage is clinically important in patients with SDB. Flow-mediated dilatation (%FMD) and Cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI) are novel indices for endothelial function and arterial sclerosis, respectively. However, it is not clear whether these are clinically useful to assess vascular function in SDB patients.. Methods: In this study, 344 patients with SDB were enrolled. %FMD, CAVI, and echocardiographic parameters (left ventricular ejection fraction, left ventricular end diastolic volume index, left ventricular end systolic volume index, left ventricular mass index and left atrial volume index) were determined. Apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) was measured by polysomnography, and patients were divided into two groups: group A (mild SDB; AHI , 15 times/hr, n =107) and group B (moderate-severe SDB; AHI ≥ 15 times/hr, n ...
The relationship between silent neuronal injury (SNI) and arterial stiffness assessed by cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI) has not been evaluated in patients treated with coronary angiography and intervention due to acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Th
The patient must be placed supine, without the head or any extremities dangling over the edge of the table. Measurement of ankle blood pressures in a seated position will grossly overestimate the ABI (by approximately 0.3). A Doppler ultrasound blood flow detector, commonly called Doppler wand or Doppler probe, and a sphygmomanometer (blood pressure cuff) are usually needed. The blood pressure cuff is inflated proximal to the artery in question. Measured by the Doppler wand, the inflation continues until the pulse in the artery ceases. The blood pressure cuff is then slowly deflated. When the arterys pulse is re-detected through the Doppler probe the pressure in the cuff at that moment indicates the systolic pressure of that artery. The higher systolic reading of the left and right arm brachial artery is generally used in the assessment. The pressures in each foots posterior tibial artery and dorsalis pedis artery are measured with the higher of the two values used as the ABI for that leg.[2] ...
The blood pressure at the ankle is a simple exam for peripheral artery disease (PAD). Often the ankle pressure is divided by arm blood pressure to give ABPI, but ankle pressure alone can also be informative. The patient is placed supine with ankles at heart level. A sphygmomanometer cuff is wrapped around the ankle, and using a doppler probe an ankle artery is located with distinct pulsations. The cuff is inflated until pulsations disappear, and slowly deflated until pulsation reappear and this pressure is recorded. The inflation-deflation should be repeated to make sure results are reliable, and pressure should be measured over both posterior tibial artery (medial) and anterior tibial-dorsalis pedis artery (dorsum of foot). Ankle pressure is unreliable (falsely elevated) if arteries are not fully compressible e.g. because of arterial calcification ). This is often found in patients with diabetes mellitus (41% of patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD) have diabetes), renal failure or ...
The freeMD virtual doctor has found 33 conditions that can cause Right Ankle Hurts and Terrible Pain in My Hip. There are 6 common conditions that can cause Right Ankle Hurts and Terrible Pain in My Hip. There are 6 somewhat common conditions that can cause Right Ankle Hurts and Terrible Pain in My Hip. There are 2 uncommon conditions that can cause Right Ankle Hurts and Terrible Pain in My Hip. There are 19 rare conditions that can cause Right Ankle Hurts and Terrible Pain in My Hip.
Data were obtained from 2006-2013 from the Catalan primary care systems clinical records database (SIDIAP). Patients aged 35-85 years with an ankle brachial index ≤0.95 and without clinically recognized cardiovascular disease (CVD) were included. Participants were categorized as statin non-users or new-users (first prescription or re-prescribed after at least 6 months) and matched 1:1 by inclusion date and propensity score for statin treatment. Conditional Cox proportional hazards modeling was used to compare the groups for the incidence of major adverse cardiac events (MACE: myocardial infarction, cardiac revascularization, and ischemic stroke) and all-cause mortality.. ...
Pulse wave velocity (PWV) is a measure of arterial stiffness and predicts cardiovascular events and mortality in the general population and various patient populations. In the present study, we investigated the predictive value of brachial-ankle PWV for mortality in an elderly Chinese population. Our study subjects were older (≥60 years) persons living in a suburban town of Shanghai. We measured brachial-ankle PWV using an automated cuff device at baseline and collected vital information till June 30, 2013, during follow-up. The 3876 participants (1713 [44.2%] men; mean [±SD] age, 68.1±7.3 years) included 2292 (59.1%) hypertensive patients. PWV was on average 17.8 (±4.0) m/s and was significantly (P,0.0001) associated with age (r=0.48) and in unadjusted analysis with all-cause (n=316), cardiovascular (n=148), stroke (n=46), and noncardiovascular mortality (n=168) during a median follow-up of 5.9 years. In further adjusted analysis, we studied the risk of mortality according to the decile ...
Results In comparison with Europeans, in young South Asians, DM was diagnosed 12 years earlier but pressures were lower, p≤0.0001 for all (RPT (146 vs 157 mm Hg), LPT (143 vs 154 mm Hg), RDP (138 vs 150 mm Hg) and LDP (137 vs 149 mm Hg)). Pack year was greater in Europeans. Odds ratios of cardiovascular disease in relation to ankle pressure were increased in South Asians with ankle brachial index between 0.9 and 1.3 or ,1.3. Linear regression in South Asians identified age was an independent predictor of increased pedal pressures, DM of increased RPT and LDP, and sex of LPT and LDP. In Europeans, age was an independent predictor of increased pedal pressures, and sex and pack years were independent predictors of decreased pedal pressures. In South Asians, all ankle pressure and in Europeans, RPT, LPT and LDP were increased in subjects with DM versus without. Ankle pressures and cardiovascular disease in South Asians with DM were similar to those of 10 years older Europeans with DM.. ...
OBJECTIVE Cardio ankle vascular index (CAVI) is reflecting stiffness of the arterial tree from the origin of aorta to the ankles. We observed elevated CAVI in patients who suffered from apoplexy attack. To clarify the role and the mechanism by which arterial stiffness elevated just after apoplexy attack, the effect of enhanced intracranial pressure (ICP) by injecting saline into the cisterna magna of the rabbit on blood pressure, CAVI and cervical blood flow, were studied. Furthermore the role of sympathetic nerve was studied. DESIGN AND METHOD The system of measuring CAVI of the New Zealand white rabbit was set up. General anesthesia was performed by ketamine and xylazine, and the respirator was set. Intracranial pressure (ICP) was monitored using a catheter inserted into subarachnoid space via right frontal bone craniotomy. Saline (15 ml) was inserted to raise ICP. Ganglion blocker, hexamethonium (10 μg/kg/10 min, and 100 μg/kg/10min) was administered just before saline injection. RESULTS When
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Recent automated applanation tonometry can measure radial pulse wave-derived central blood pressure (CBP), which has shown a prognostic value independently of peripheral blood pressure. However, CBPs clinical significance has not been fully establis
The ankle - brachial pressure index (ABI) is a simple, useful method for diagnosing Peripheral. Arterial Disease (PAD). In determining the severity of PAD in a lower extremity, the toe- ...
I sprained my right ankle wearing a pair of wedges and fell forward of sprained ankle. About 6 months later I fell off a treadmill and sprained the other
Most studies,7 8 9 10 11 12 13 including ours, show a significantly increased risk of death for an ankle brachial pressure index of 0.9 or lower. However, in the Pittsburgh study risk of a cardiovascular event became significant only for an index ,/=0.7,12 possibly because the overall prevalence of peripheral arterial disease in this sample was high, with over 75% of subjects having an index ,/=0.9. In our study the likelihood ratio of a subsequent event was greater for subjects with an index ,/=0.7 than those with an index ,/=0.9, reflecting the more advanced atheroma in those with a lower score. For the purposes of screening, however, an index ,/=0.9 would be more likely to identify those with early disease without symptoms, who would not otherwise seek medical attention.. An index of ,/=0.9 had a significantly greater predictive value for a subsequent cardiovascular event than higher values. Similarly, subjects who had hypertension or who smoked had higher predictive values than those who did ...
Stroke or symptoms of transient brain ischemia have long been viewed as the hallmark expression of cerebrovascular disease. Previous studies conclusively showed that risk factors for stroke are also the most common risk factors for cardiovascular and peripheral vascular disease (1, 2), suggesting that these disorders share a common mechanism of vascular injury. Although much attention has focused on silent injury by cerebrovascular disease risk factors to such organ systems as the heart and the kidney, much less attention has been paid to the possible spectrum of brain injury under similar conditions. Fortunately, the advent of neuroimaging, particularly the use of population-based imaging, has heralded an era of rapid growth in studies that examine the relation between cerebrovascular disease risk factors and brain infarction, even in the absence of clinical symptoms. Although previous studies showed that white matter hyperintensities (WMHs) predict future stroke and mortality (3, 4), the study ...
MINNEAPOLIS - Despite participating in Tuesdays entire practice, Joakim Noah suffered swelling in his sprained right ankle and sat out Wednesday nights 108-91 victory over the Timberwolves.
Ravens veteran offensive guard Bobbie Williams' surgically repaired right ankle hasn't been bothering him much this week.
taken from references 5 and 6.).. Such information is extremely useful in general and especially during the outpatient consultation at the cardiologists office. This indication fits very well with the present views as the actual approach and management of patients is largely guided by the patients total cardiovascular risk. PAD carries a surprisingly elevated risk ; at middle age, yearly mortality is around 5%!; such impressive figure are further increased by the presence of other risk factors such as hypertension and lipid disorders. Total cardiovascular risk is further increased by associated clinical conditions such as coronary artery disease, whatever the presentation, whether it be stable angina pectoris or previous myocardial infarction. Finally, physicians should keep in mind that patients with no or atypical symptoms also carry this elevated risk; this is another reason why the risk of PAD is often underestimated. Measuring an ABI has also been used in large scale studies to detect PAD ...
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Approach and Results-A cross-sectional study was conducted to evaluate the association between TB and SCI in 2865 subjects (1831 men and 1034 women) undergoing medical checkup. The participants with SCI had lower TB levels than those without SCI. The subjects with a low TB had a higher prevalence of SCI. Moreover, partial correlation showed that TB levels were tightly correlated with brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity after adjusting for confounding covariates (r=−0.149; P,0.001). Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that higher TB was associated with a lower risk of SCI (odds ratio, 0.925; 95% confidence interval, 0.897-0.954; P,0.001).. ...
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I slipped on a rounded step, my ankle twisted backwards and then finally hit the cement step extremely hard... When I apply weight, move it or even touch
PADnet arterial testing uses a cuff-based method to record Ankle-Brachial Index (ABI)/Toe- Brachial Index (TBI) values and Pulse Volume Recording (PVR) waveforms. ABI and an assessment of flow are included in each test. Using PADnet, all major arteries in the ankle are occluded, and the ABI is calculated based on the highest pressure present. PADnet […]. ...
The silence spoke volumes inside the Dolphins indoor practice bubble Wednesday morning as cornerback Michael Lehan writhed in agony, holding his contorted right leg while his concerned teammates
An ankle-blood-pressure measuring apparatus for measuring a blood pressure of an ankle of a living subject, including an inflatable cuff which is adapted to be worn on the ankle of the subject; a cuff-pressure changing device which decreases a pressure in the cuff from a pressure higher than a systolic blood pressure of the ankle; a distal-pulse-wave detecting device which is adapted to be worn on a distal portion of the subject that is located on a distal side of the ankle and detects a distal pulse wave produced from the distal portion; an increasing-point detecting device for detecting at least one increasing point where a magnitude of the distal pulse wave continuously detected by the distal-pulse-wave detecting device when the pressure of the cuff is decreased by the cuff-pressure changing device, significantly increases; and an ankle-blood-pressure determining device which determines a pressure of the cuff when the increasing-point detecting device detects the second increasing point, as a
They did surgery on him for about 8 hours or so. His face got hit with something and his left eye is a little blurry and swollen but Im pretty sure hell be able to see fine when the swelling goes down. He has a vertebrae that is compressed (I believe thats what they said, I dont think it was shattered but it may have been). His right arm is ok for the most part. His right hand mobility is stiff but he made a Longhorn sign for me yesterday! :o) His left arm is in bad shape. There is a bone missing (probably crushed) so theyve had to leave his arm open until they decide how to fix it. He has broken ribs but neither lung was punctured. He has no major internal problems in regards to organs or brain. His pelvis is completely crushed and hell have to have a hip replacement because of it. His right leg is broken and his right ankle crushed. I believe theyve already done some surgery on the ankle because hes in a cast (Im not sure if its a hard one yet or a soft one bc it was mostly covered ...
Unterschenkelfußorthesen dienen der frühfunktionellen Mobilisierung durch justierbares ROM-Gelenk (Range Of Motion) in einstellbaren Bewegungsumfängen.
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KatherineH45 Asked : My problem started 6 months ago when both of my legs started paining but the left leg pain was worse. The right ankle became quite sore and started swelling bout a month later and I visited my doctor who told me that I was putting too much pressure on the leg. He suspected that I had a pinched nerve ,, Read More ... ...
So I ran my zombie race on Saturday unburdened by personal bullshit! I actually didnt run much of it at all, the ground was way too rocky, uneven, and muddy. The times I was running, I was full out sprinting and trying not to slip and fall. I pulled something in my right ankle, which I totally didnt even feel until after the race was over, and my back got wrenched pretty well when I did some hard twists trying to keep my balance in the slick clay mud. Overall, I enjoyed the shit out of that race and definitely intend to come back again next year. It was worth every fucking penny: I had the time of my goddamn life out there, belly crawling through stinky mud, getting shocked, and crawling through mucky water up to my neck. Dirty as hell at the finish, but so much fun ...
The Cleveland Cavalier All-Star has missed two games after he injured his right ankle during the game against Detroit. It is anticipated that will return
The ABPI has confirmed that it has applied for a judicial review to challenge a decision made by NHS England and the NICE to introduce process for medicines likely to cost the NHS more than £20m in any of the first three years of use.
Background: During shoulder surgery, blood pressure is frequently measured at the ankle. Anesthetic complications may result when ankle blood pressure is higher than brachial blood pressure and anesthesiologists misinterpret ankle blood pressure as brachial blood pressure. Therefore, we investigated whether ankle blood pressure is significantly higher than brachial blood pressure before anesthesia induction, during induction, after tracheal intubation, before beach chair position, and in the beach chair position. Methods: Thirty patients requiring general anesthesia for shoulder surgery were included in this study. Ankle and brachial blood pressure were simultaneously measured before induction, during induction, after intubation, before beach chair position, and in the beach chair position. Results: Ankle blood pressure was higher than brachial blood pressure before induction, during induction, after intubation, before beach chair position, and in the beach chair position. Ankle-brachial blood ...
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To rule out poor circulation as a cause, it is usual for a doctor or nurse to check the blood pressure in the ankle and in the arm. The ankle blood pressure reading is divided by the arm blood pressure reading to give a blood pressure ratio called the Ankle Brachial Pressure Index (ABPI). If the ratio is low (less than 0.8) it indicates that the cause of the ulcer is likely to be poor circulation (peripheral vascular disease) rather than venous problems. Certain blood and urine tests may also be done to rule out conditions such as anemia, diabetes, kidney problems and rheumatoid arthritis which may cause or aggravate certain types of skin ulcer.. What is the treatment for venous leg ulcers?. The ulcer is dressed in a similar way to any other wound. Typically, a nurse will do this every week or so. Compression bandaging. This is the most important part of treatment. The aim is to counteract the raised pressure in the leg veins. This gives the best chance for the ulcer to heal. The common method ...
The freeMD virtual doctor has found 23 conditions that can cause Swollen Ankles (both ankles) and Abnormal Heart Palpitations. There are 3 somewhat common conditions that can cause Swollen Ankles (both ankles) and Abnormal Heart Palpitations. There are 10 uncommon conditions that can cause Swollen Ankles (both ankles) and Abnormal Heart Palpitations. There are 10 rare conditions that can cause Swollen Ankles (both ankles) and Abnormal Heart Palpitations.
ankle injury - MedHelps ankle injury Center for Information, Symptoms, Resources, Treatments and Tools for ankle injury. Find ankle injury information, treatments for ankle injury and ankle injury symptoms.
How to Perform an Ankle Brachial Index Study (ABI) The Ankle Brachial Index (ABI) exam is the most simple and common test currently used to diagnose Peripheral Arterial Disease (PAD).
Ankle brachial pressure index From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ankle_brachial_pressure_index The Ankle Brachial Index (ABI or ABPI) is the ratio of the blood pressure in the lower legs to the blood pressure in the arms. Compared to the arm, lower blood pressure in the leg is an indication of blocked arteries (peripheral vascular disease or PVD). The ABI is calculated by dividing the systolic blood pressure at the ankle by the systolic blood pressures in the arm.[1] Contents [hide] 1 Method 2 Interpretation of results 3.... Read more... ...
dislocated ankle - MedHelps dislocated ankle Center for Information, Symptoms, Resources, Treatments and Tools for dislocated ankle. Find dislocated ankle information, treatments for dislocated ankle and dislocated ankle symptoms.
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https://www.precisionbusinessinsights.com/market-reports/global-foot-and-ankle-devices-market/#ulp-14mlyhjMGhVjZqa3. Geographically, foot and ankle devices market has been segmented into following regions Viz. North America, Latin America, Asia-Pacific, Europe, and Middle East & Africa. U.S. foot and ankle devices market is anticipated to dominate the market share in the near future. North America is expected to hold the dominant share in the foot and ankle devices market followed by Europe and Asia-Pacific. Increase in the sports injuries, rising prevalence rate of diabetes and arthritis (according to the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), approximately 22.7% of adults in the U.S. are diagnosed with arthritis every year), and entry of new products into the market might fuel the growth of foot and ankle devices market in North America region. Europe accounts for the second largest share in foot and ankle devices market attributed to the entry of new devices to treat foot and ankle ...
... : One normal ankle radiograph (A), and one abnormal ankle radiograph (B) revealing a moderate effusion. The teardrop shaped density seen extending anteriorly from the ankle joint along the neck of the talus has been referred to as the teardrop sign of ankle effusion. This is a useful sign in the diagnosis of ankle joint effusion, and may alert the diagnostician to possible underlying pathology.
A break where your ankle has moved or is out of place is called a displaced fracture. This break makes your ankle unstable and you are probably not able to walk on that foot at all. This break is more complicated and will require more recovery time and possibly surgery. Surgery will probably include the placement of metal rods, plates and screws. According to the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, "weight bearing will not be allowed on your ankle for 6 weeks. After 6 weeks, the ankle may be protected by a removable brace as it continues to heal." Your doctor will take more X-rays to see how the bone is healing. You may have to continue to wear the brace or cast depending on your situation. Your doctor may require you to stay off of your foot longer if your ankle needs it. Physical therapy may be required for several months after your cast has been removed to restore strength and flexibility to your ankle.. ...
This page provides useful content and local businesses that can help with your search for Ankle Surgeons. You will find helpful, informative articles about Ankle Surgeons, including Ankle Fusion. You will also find local businesses that provide the products or services that you are looking for. Please scroll down to find the local resources in Petal, MS that will answer all of your questions about Ankle Surgeons.
This page provides useful content and local businesses that can help with your search for Ankle Surgeons. You will find helpful, informative articles about Ankle Surgeons, including Ankle Fusion. You will also find local businesses that provide the products or services that you are looking for. Please scroll down to find the local resources in Douglasville, GA that will answer all of your questions about Ankle Surgeons.
About 8 years ago while playing high school basketball I injured my left ankle very badly. My ankle didnt break but the doctor said the internal damage was irreversible and even with extensive therapy I would never fully recover. For the first time in my life what the doctor had told me was 100% correct. I went through seven months of therapy and peaked at 70% strength. I wore regular ankle braces on that ankle from then on out. About 1 year after that, I injured my right ankle almost identically playing tennis. I knew what I was in for and immediately began therapy again. But when I returned to the courts my coach was waiting on me with two contraptions I hadnt seen before. He told me if I wanted to continue playing sports for him or for myself in general, that I would have to wear these. Its been about 6 1/2 years now and I wont even go for a long walk without these on. I refer to them as my "Magic Shoes" in reference to Forest Gump. You guys are my savior and keep me doing what I ...
Information regarding foot and ankle disorder treatment. For more information about foot and ankle treatment, please contact your local Ramsay hospital.
Ankle is made up of bones, muscles are ligaments. Mostly foot and ankle disorders results from abnormal functions of articular and extra-articular funct..
The ankle block is a combination of 5 injections around the foot and ankle. Before the performance of the block, you will receive medicine to sedate you. Only after you are adequately sedated will the anesthesiologist proceed with the injections. We do this so that you will not feel any discomfort during the performance of the block. In fact, you probably wont even remember you had the procedure. Once sedated, the anesthesiologist will clean your foot and ankle with an iodine solution, identical to the solution used by the surgeons. Then he or she will use very thin needles to inject a local anesthetic, similar to lidocaine, to numb a portion of the foot. Depending on where on the foot the surgery takes place, this may involve 4 to 5 different nerves.. After surgery, you may notice some bruising around the ankle. That is where the anesthetics were injected. Accordingly, you may notice that actual injection points around the ankle. Because we use very thin needles, the marks are not long ...
Image from article: "Yao out for season with stress fracture") Welcome to Wopulars coverage of Injury, Left Ankle. Wopular aggregates news headlines from the top newspapers and news sources. To the right are articles about Injury, Left Ankle that have been featured on main sections of the site.. Below are topics about Injury, Left Ankle. (Click on "all" to view all articles related to the topic, including articles NOT about Injury, Left Ankle.. Click here to search news sites, aggregators, and blogs as well as videos, photos, and websites about Injury, Left Ankle.. ...
A broken ankle, a condition resulting from broken bones within the foot, causes patients to have a hard time putting any pressure on their ankles, which can make it hard for them to move. Painful throbbing, bruising or swelling can signal you have a broken ankle. Learn more about how do you know if you have a broken ankle.
Cable Machine Ankle found in: Nylon Ankle/Wrist Strap, Pro Nylon Ankle/Wrist Strap, The Nylon Ankle/Wrist Strap attaches to any cable machine to use in place of wrist and ankle weights., When attached to any cable style machine,..
Ankle Brachial Index (ABI) is a measure of the fall in blood pressure in the arteries supplying the legs and is used to detect evidence of blockages in the peripheral vessels. It is calculated by dividing the higher systolic blood pressure in the ankle (dorsalis pedis or posterior tibial) of the one leg by the higher of the two systolic blood pressures in the arms. A doppler probe is used to monitor the pulse while a sphygmomanometer is inflated above the artery. The cuff is deflated and the pressure at which the pulse returns is recorded.. ABI=Highest Ankle Systolic Pressure/Highest Brachial Systolic Pressure. The ABI is the ratio of the ankle to arm pressure, and an ABI between 0.9 and 1.3 is considered normal. A reduced ABI (less than 0.9) is consistent with peripheral artery occlusive disease, with values below 0.8 indicating moderate disease and below 0.5 severe disease. ...
The British Medical Journal has published a paper that has concluded that aspirin is ineffective in preventing primary cardiovascular events in some patients with diabetes. This study has been reported in the media (BBC).. The study particularly looked at patients with diabetes and asymptomatic peripheral arterial disease (defined as a ankle brachial pressure index of 0.99 or less). These patients were randomised to one of four treatment groups including treatment with aspirin, antioxidants or matching placebo. The primary outcome for the study was a composite including death from coronary heart disease or stroke, non-fatal myocardial infarction or stroke.. The study recruited almost 1,300 patients with approximately 300 in each treatment group and ran for 8 years. The study found no difference in the primary endpoint for either treatment. The paper notes that, "small effects may be shown with larger trials continued for a longer time".. It should be noted that by year 6 of the study one third ...
Roger said: "I used to play with Manchester Rugby Club and broke my right ankle in my 20s and again in my 30s.. "I recovered and thought nothing of it for years until my ankle started to play up in the spring and I was diagnosed with osteoarthritis due to the earlier trauma.. "We bought the house on the beach because Im so passionate about kitesurfing and seeing people out there enjoying the sea made me determined to do something about my condition.. "I wasnt prepared to stay on painkillers and not do the things I enjoy and saw Mr Makwana who was great at explaining what the procedure entailed.. "It was two and a quarter hours of keyhole surgery which involved fusing bone in my lower tibia to the ankle joint. To me the result was nothing short of a miracle.". After six weeks in plaster and then a further five in an air cast boot, Roger was "set free" and back to his old self running the village estate agency.. "Its like magic," he said. "Im pain free and have most of my ankle flexibility ...
Although age-related gait changes have been well characterized, little is known regarding potential functional changes in central motor control of distal lower limb movements with age. We hypothesized that there are age-related changes in brain activity associated with the control of repetitive ankle movements, an element of gait feasible for study with functional magnetic resonance imaging. We analyzed standardized functional magnetic resonance imaging data from 102 right-foot dominant healthy participants aged 20-83years for age-associated effects using FSL and a meta-analysis using coordinate-based activation likelihood estimation. For the first time, we have confirmed age-related changes in brain activity with this gait-related movement of the lower limb in a large population. Increasing age correlated strongly with increased movement-associated activity in the cerebellum and precuneus. Given that task performance did not vary with age, we interpret these changes as potentially compensatory for
The CEP Ankle Sleeve is an elite level support for minor ankle injuries, and ankle pain without the bulkiness of most ankle braces. It has a perfec.... View full details ...
The Cowboys DeMarco Murray is likely done for the season after suffering fractured right ankle and high ankle sprain in the first quarter against the Giants.
% abv percentage alcohol by volume ac ante cibum (before food) AIIRA angiotensin-II receptor antagonist AAFB acid-alcohol fast bacilli AAS atomic absorbance spectrophotometry Ab antibody ABC abacavir ABG arterial blood gasses ABPI ankle brachial pressure index ABR auditory brainstem response ACBS Advisory Committee on Borderline Substances ACDP Advisory Committee on Dangerous Pathogens ACE angiotensin-converting enzyme…
In 2008, Dave Kirschner chose to retire from a successful 50-year career in the radio business. For years, CNN Radio listeners listened to him as he brought them up to speed on current events. Now, Kirschner spends his time working around the house, staying in touch with industry friends, and working out on the treadmill several times a week. However, when he began to notice a recurring pain shooting down the back of his right leg during exercise, he was concerned.. At first, Kirschner thought that he might have a pulled muscle, so he attempted to ease the pain with stretching, massage, and over-the-counter remedies. When nothing worked, he realized that he may have a deeper problem, and he called his internal medicine doctor.. His doctor conducted a test called an Ankle Brachial Pressure Index, or ABI-which revealed that Kirschner was suffering from peripheral artery disease (PAD). As weve described in previous blog posts, PAD develops when arteries become clogged with plaque and fatty ...
A star track-and-field athlete in high school and university, LaSalle native Cindy Crapper won her share of medals. But, she also suffered her share of injuries, particularly to her right ankle.. "I had total reconstruction of my right ankle because of all the injuries that Ive had through sport, so it challenges me to walk without a lot of pain," says Crapper, 45. "It feels like bone-to-bone any time I do any kind of running or sport. Any time I go for a hike, its sore for three days.". Crapper, who competed in the 1980 Pan American Junior Track and field Championships, suffered from such ailments as a broken foot and tendonitis.. She found relief with a pair of walking poles, which were featured at a conference sponsored last June by the British Columbia Parks and Recreation Association.. "So, I started using these poles, and thought my Goodness, I dont feel it in my ankles, " says Crapper, who is currently a Recreation Services Co-ordinator for the City of Vancouver."Its amazing the ...
BACKGROUND. Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is associated with enhanced risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease not explained by Framingham risk score (FRS). Immune dysregulation associated to a distinct subset of lupus proinflammatory neutrophils (low density granulocytes; LDGs) may play key roles in conferring enhanced CV risk. This study assessed if lupus LDGs are associated with in vivo vascular dysfunction and inflammation and coronary plaque. METHODS. SLE subjects and healthy controls underwent multimodal phenotyping of vascular disease by quantifying vascular inflammation (18F-fluorodeoxyglucose-PET/CT [18F-FDG-PET/CT]), arterial dysfunction (EndoPAT and cardio-ankle vascular index), and coronary plaque burden (coronary CT angiography). LDGs were quantified by flow cytometry. Cholesterol efflux capacity was measured in high-density lipoprotein-exposed (HDL-exposed) radioactively labeled cell lines. Whole blood RNA sequencing was performed to assess associations between ...
Injury of the ankle symptoms include ankle pain, foot or toe pain, ankle swelling, leg pain, foot or toe swelling, and joint pain. Doctors that see patients with injury of the ankle specialize in primary care.
Case 3 - Acute L Ankle COMPLAINT. 56 yr. old white woman complains of new onset left ankle pain and swelling for 6 days. . Case 3 - Acute L Ankle HISTORY. Complains of difficulty walking and warmth over the ankle. Self-treated with rest, elevation and taking 6 aspirins daily. Slideshow 152676 by andrew
Background- Several studies report a higher prevalence of peripheral arterial disease (PAD) among blacks. Some surveys report higher PAD rates in women. Almost all of them based their PAD definition on an ankle-brachial index (ABI) ,0.90. We hypothesized that beyond known disparities in risk factors levels contributing to different PAD prevalence in gender and ethnic subgroups, gender and ethnicity per se influence the normal ABI values, and an ABI threshold disregarding gender and ethnicity might partly contribute to prevalence differences.. Methods-In this cross-sectional study of the Multi-Ethnic Study of Athersoclerosis, we selected a subgroup of participants with unequivocally normal ABI (1.00-1.30), and free of any major PAD risk factor (smoking, diabetes, dyslipidemia, hypertension). In a linear model with ABI as the dependent variable, demographic, clinical and biological variables were introduced.. Results-Among 1775 healthy participants, there was no association between ABI and ...
Dr Dickerson, of Utah Foot & Ankle has years of in office and surgical experience to ensure you receive the best care for your feet & ankle problems. Listed below are some of the most common foot & ankle conditions that we provide treatment services for.. A , B , C , D , E , F , G , H , I , J , L , M , N , O , P , R , S , T , U , V , W , Y ...
Purpose] Current studies report that patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) may also have arteriosclerosis. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between respiratory function and arterial stiffness in healthy workers using the brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV). [Subjects and Methods] This study included 104 male Japanese workers without COPD. We collected participant information and measured hemodynamics, body composition, and respiratory function. [Results] In the correlation analysis, baPWV showed a significant positive correlation with age, smoking index, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, and heart rate, and a significant negative correlation with height, fat free mass, lower limb muscle mass, forced vital capacity (FVC), and forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1 ...
Hard knot above ankle on front bone of leg - Extreme right ankle pain but didnt injure it. Pain on the front part of the bone and shoots up the outside of my leg almost to my knee. Ankle pain. Sounds like a referred nerve pain from a compression most likely in your lumbar spine region. Have it assessed by ortho or neuro. Good luck
Ankle-to-arm blood pressure index ≤ 0.9 was associated with increased mortality in hypertensive adults. Prevailing wisdom argues that persons at greatest risk for cardiovascular disease should be identified and managed more aggressively. Patients with peripheral arterial disease, just like those with transient ischemic attacks and carotid stenoses, are vulnerable to myocardial infarction and to death from cardiovascular disease. Because the relation between smoking and peripheral arterial disease is particularly strong, it is attractive to hypothesize an association between peripheral arterial disease (or an appropriate marker) and mortality from all causes, coronary disease, and smoking-related cancers. AAI offers the most sensitive noninvasive method for detecting important atherosclerotic stenoses in large, lower-limb arteries. The Multicenter Study of Osteoporotic Fractures included a population of older white women, 6% of whom had an AAI of ≤ 0.9. The RR was 3.1 for all-cause mortality ...
The Modular Slim Line Double Action Ankle Joint is a versatile joint that can be configured in several different ways to provide: dorsiflexion assist, plantarflexion assist, a range-of-motion, or no motion. The recess has been squared off and the attachment holes have been tapped to allow the upights to be attached with screws. They are shipped complete with bushing, screw, ball bearings, springs (unless pins are specified) and hex screws.
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Wade is expected to play Tuesday against Sacramento.. Wade injured the ankle on a third quarter play when he landed on the foot of Jazz point guard Deron Williams. Wade had been battling a sore ankle for a few games and this seemed to aggravate it. He grabbed his ankle and limped off the court, but was soon joking with teammates.. For people calling for a more serious All-Star Game with something on the line, this is the risk. What if fighting for home court in the finals Wade more seriously injured his ankle and had been out a couple weeks or longer? Would that be good for the league?. Wade finished with 14 points.. ...
MSH provides comprehensive treatment of all orthopaedic foot and ankle problems ranging from arthritis, trauma, sports, deformity, and infection.. Our interprofessional team includes Orthopaedic Surgeon Dr. David Santone, who specializes in and treats a wide spectrum of foot and ankle disorders including arthritis, tendon and ligament tears as well as sports-related foot and ankle injuries. Our team is skilled at assessing and determining the best approach to help you live as comfortable as possible. This includes deciding if surgery is an option and exploring alternative treatments, such as exercise, medications or physiotherapy follow-up.. ...
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ankle bracelet definition: 1. an ornamental band or chain worn around the ankle 2. an electronic device worn around the ankle, as of someone under house arrest, used to monitor that persons whereabouts...
Ankle holsters come in different designs, but the basic purpose of all of them is to hold a gun next to your ankle. Ankle holsters are often used to carry a secondary or backup weapon, but sometimes you cant wear a jacket and the ankle is the only pla...
Ankle holsters come in different designs, but the basic purpose of all of them is to hold a gun next to your ankle. Ankle holsters are often used to carry a secondary or backup weapon, but sometimes you cant wear a jacket and the ankle is the only pla...
It wasnt a good day for ankle injuries for the Jaguars at their Wednesday practice as they began focusing on the season opener Sunday in Minnesota.Guard Uche Nwaneri hasnt fully recovered from his ankle injury he suffered against Atlanta last Thursday night and was limited in practice while wide receiver Justin Blackmon suffered an ankle injury in practice so he had to be listed as limited because he didnt take all the reps.The Jaguars hope Blackmons injury isnt
Karl King #2 I dont have a short term solution, but do have a suggestion for longer term. That is, strengthen the ankle so it is less prone to sprain. Years ago I began to frequently sprain my right ankle. A book by John Jesse, "Hidden Causes of Injury, Prevention and Correction for Running Athletes , The Athletic Press 1977, Library of Congress catalog number 77-12214, describes two devices for strengthening the ankle. They are home-made. The one I use, has a square base 14 inches by 14 inches (from say one inch wood) with just two sides rising from opposite sides of the base - these two sides rising 12 inches and connected by a 2 x 4 for rigidity. The two sides slope upwards so their top horizontal edge is say 6 inches long , while 14 inches at the base.. Thus just 4 pieces of wood - one base, two sides, and a connector between the sides. Hollow a half circle in the top edge of the sides to hold a dowel or broomstick in place. Take a 4 x 4 as long as your foot, and embed dowels (pieces of ...
ENGLEWOOD, Colo. — The Denver Broncos appeared Saturday to have dodged a huge hit to their battered defensive line: Derek Wolfe’s right ankle injury apparently isn’t as serious as first thought.“Great news,” cornerback Aqib Talib said.
List of causes of Ankle stiffness and Malleolar stiffness, alternative diagnoses, rare causes, misdiagnoses, patient stories, and much more.
Reduced mobility is often a long-term problem facing those who have chronic leg weakness resulting from stroke. Recent innovations in stroke therapy have applied motor learning principles to improve motor skills through regular practice of activities using the weaker limb. Because the ankle provides critical torques for normal walking and mobility function, impairments at the affected ankle pose a major limitation to achieving optimal mobility recovery. To address this we have developed a novel ankle robot (Anklebot) to enhance physical therapy for improving walking and mobility after stroke. This computer controlled device provides assistance when users cannot complete a movement, but will not assist if the user is active.. Motor learning requires active involvement in task-related practice to mediate brain plasticity. While voluntary movement is important to remodel motor control circuits, the brain mechanisms of reward and motivation also can play an important role. Core brain networks ...
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Wrap Around Heating Pad or Cold Pack for Ankle measures approximately 15 x 4 and secures with Velcro for a custom fit.Filled with rice and flaxseed, ankle pad is double chambered for even heat or cool distribution. Warm in microwave for moist heat therapy, or chill in freezer to use as a mild cold
Exercises and protecting your ankle during sports can help prevent ankle problems from becoming injuries or arthritis. Learn what you can do to to avoid injury.
An ankle jean is a must for spring. NYDJs Clarissa Ankle features an updated, narrower leg opening and is available in Victorville, a dark blue denim wash with tonal floral laser print at the hem. Incredibly flattering as always, thanks to our exclusive Lift Tuck Technology® that lifts, slims, and shapes so you look and feel one size smaller. Five-pocket styling, zip-fly, and button closure that hits right above the ankle and looks perfect paired with flats, heels or wedges.. Read More ...
If youre feeling the need to scratch an itch, the ankle is the best place to do so, claims a new study published in the latest issue of the British Journal of Dermatology (BJD).. According to a Sunday report by IndianExpress.com, the study, which was the work of researchers from Liverpool John Moores University (LJMU), states that the sensation of itchiness is felt most intensely at the ankle.. That area of the body is also the most satisfying place to scratch -- edging out those tough-to-reach places on the back, the researchers report, based on an analysis of both male and female volunteers between the ages of 22 and 59.. "The itches were induced on three parts of the body - forearm, ankle and back" by using cowhage, a plant which is known to cause skin irritation, Roger Dobson of the Telegraph wrote in a January 22 article. "For five minutes participants were banned from scratching, while being asked to record how itchy they felt at each spot.". Afterwards, the researchers scratched each ...
Add a sweet touch to feet in these lace trimmed ankle socks. A cute style teamed with sandals now and leather ankle boots later on. 77% Cotton, 21% Nylon, 2% Elastane. Machine wash. Love this? Shop our Ankle Socks offer with 3 for £8. ...
Sentence Examples with the word Ankle: She wrenched away, only for the robed man to snatch her ankle and drag her down.; After having her wiggle her toes and move her ankle this way and that, he finally…
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Playing sport means using your ankles take a lot of strain, and you will suffer a twisted ankle. So what is a sprained ankle, and what is the best sprained
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How to Care for a Foot and Ankle Injury,If you think only those who are involved in intense sports are at risk for foot and ankle injury, think again!
For those of you with ankle injuries, you may be able to relate to my prolonged ankle injury adventure. So, how does it all begin? One day you are running and playing your sport with no issues at all. You are at the top of your game, and loving every moment! And then, in an instant, you can feel that all come crumbling
MINNEAPOLIS (AP) - Washington Redskins running back Adrian Peterson will suit up against his original team in Minnesota, despite an ankle injury that had him listed as questionable. Peterson played 10 seasons for the Vikings. Hes in his second year with the Redskins. The Redskins had starting safety Montae Nicholson on the inactive list on Thursday night with an ankle injury, with Troy Apke taking his place in the lineup.
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Ankle injuries plague many people. A bad ankle injury causes ankle pain. There are many symptoms of ankle pain caused by ankle injuries. Treatment for a ankle injury will cause your ankle pain to improve and your ankle injury to heal. Theres no doubt that to heal ankle injuries quickly you need BFST treatments. Coldcure will help with ankle pain. You can cure ankle pain and a ankle injury with BFST and coldcure technology. Some ankle injuries require surgery. This heals the injured ankle but the pain in your ankle after surgery can be severe. The best ankle injury treatment is BFST. The best ankle pain treatment is coldcure. These wraps are incredible. They feel comfortable. They work. So, if you want to heal your injured ankle quickly, you need BFST. If you want to treat ankle pain you need coldcure. ankle ...
Looking for online definition of ankle/brachial blood pressure index in the Medical Dictionary? ankle/brachial blood pressure index explanation free. What is ankle/brachial blood pressure index? Meaning of ankle/brachial blood pressure index medical term. What does ankle/brachial blood pressure index mean?
A couple days ago we posted about how Aircast ankle braces are the one of the best braces available on the market. Here are the three most popular Aircast ankle braces to help prevent and support ankle injuries:. Aircast Air-Stirrup: This ankle brace is designed to fit around the foot and ankle to give maximum support after ankle injuries. Each side of this brace is lined with unique aircells that give your ankle the compression it needs to reduce swelling and enhance circulation. The Aircast Air-Stirrup is especially good for ankle sprains or chronic ankle instability.. Aircast A60: This ankle brace provides top-notch support at the weakest point of the ankle. It includes stabilizers at each side of the ankle, which are molded at a 60 degree angle to best protect you against ankle sprains and rollovers. The Aircast A60 is also designed for maximum comfort, and is made from special lightweight material that stays cool and dry during use.. Aircast Airsport: This ankle brace is made for athletes ...
QUESTIONS:Is loss of proprioception or loss of motor control related to functional ankle instability? Are proprioception and motor control related? Is there any difference in proprioception or motor control between ankles with different severity of functional ankle instability? DESIGN:Cross-sectional, observational study. PARTICIPANTS:Twenty people aged between 18 and 40 years with functional ankle instability associated with a history of ankle sprain more than one month prior. Twenty age-matched controls with no functional ankle instability or history of ankle sprain. OUTCOME MEASURES:Functional ankle instability was classified using the Cumberland Ankle Instability Tool, proprioception at the ankle was measured as movement detection at three velocities, and motor control was measured using the Landing Test and the Hopping Test. RESULTS:There was little if any relation between proprioception (r = 0.14 to 0.03, 95% CI 0.40 to 0.25) or motor control (r = 0.08 to 0.07, 95% CI 0.35 to 0.20) and ...
Examination of the ankle - Special tests - Functional tests - Investigations - Acute ankle sprain - Persistent painful ankle - Rehabilitation after ankle sprain (grade 2) - Medial ligament injuries - Syndesmosis injury - Fractures - Lateral ankle pain - Medial ankle pain - Anterior ankle pain - Posterior ankle pain - Shin splints (chronic exertional leg pain) - Anterior compartment syndrome - Lateral compartment syndrome - Posterior compartment syndrome - Achilles tendinopathy - Achilles tendon rupture - Retrocalcaneal bursitis ...
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TY - JOUR. T1 - Clinical effectiveness of treatment strategies for prosthetic joint infection following total ankle replacement. T2 - A systematic review and meta-analysis. AU - Kunutsor, Setor K. AU - Barrett, Matthew. AU - Whitehouse, Michael R. AU - Blom, Ashley W. PY - 2019/8/19. Y1 - 2019/8/19. N2 - Prosthetic joint infection (PJI) after total ankle replacement (TAR) is a challenging complication, which often requires debridement and implant retention (DAIR) with or without polyethylene exchange; revision surgery; implantation of a cement spacer; conversion to arthrodesis; or even amputation. The optimum treatment for ankle PJI is not well established. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to compare the clinical effectiveness of various treatment strategies for infected ankle prostheses. We searched MEDLINE, Embase, Web of Science, and The Cochrane Library up to December 2018 for studies evaluating the impact of treatment in patient populations with infected ankle prostheses ...
Ankle tape is widely used by athletes to prevent ankle sprain. Although there is growing evidence that ankle tape improve joint position sense, but yet it is not clear even if tape improve joint position sense after muscle fatigue, because fatigue impair joint position sense and raise the risk of ankle sprain. The aim of this study is to examine the effect of ankle tape on joint position sense after local muscle fatigue. This trial is a randomized controlled trial. 34 healthy subjects participated in this trial. Subjects were randomized distributed into two groups: with tape and without tape. Active and passive absolute error and variable error mean values for two target positions of the ankle joint (15° inversions and inversion minus 5°) before and after fatigue protocol consisted of 30 consecutive maximal concentric/concentric contractions of the ankle evertors and invertors. In this trail joint position sense for all subjects was assessed using The Biodex System isokinetic dynamometer 3, this

JCM | Free Full-Text | Factors Affecting Ankle Support Device Usage in Young Basketball PlayersJCM | Free Full-Text | Factors Affecting Ankle Support Device Usage in Young Basketball Players

Strategies aimed at increasing players willingness to wear ankle protection should be emphasized among coaches and parents as ... personal history of ankle injury, influence of coach to preventive action) that may affect an athletes decision to wear ASDs. ... as were athletes who perceived ankle injuries to be severe (OR: 2.77; 95% CI: 1.04, 7.37). Previous injury did not ... This cross-sectional study explores factors affecting the decision of basketball players to wear ankle support devices (ASDs). ...
more infohttp://www.mdpi.com/2077-0383/2/2/22

King Brand Ankle Injury TreatmentKing Brand Ankle Injury Treatment

ankle injury symptoms are ankle pain and swelling. A sore ankle can be helped with ankle exercises although ankle exercises ... Coldcure will help with ankle pain. You can cure ankle pain and a ankle injury with BFST and coldcure technology. Some ankle ... There are many symptoms of ankle pain caused by ankle injuries. Treatment for a ankle injury will cause your ankle pain to ... This heals the injured ankle but the pain in your ankle after surgery can be severe. The best ankle injury treatment is BFST. ...
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Ankle/Foot Injury - West Wickham OsteopathsAnkle/Foot Injury - West Wickham Osteopaths

Osteopathic examination of lower limb biomechanics may lead to a fast recovery from an ongoing foot or ankle problem. ... West Wickham Osteopaths treatments for ankle and foot injury can be very beneficial. ... Ankle Injury. Osteopath treatments for ankle and foot injury can be very beneficial. Osteopathic examination of lower limb ... The foot and ankle joint are made up of many small bones and a network of complex tendons and ligaments. These can become ...
more infohttp://www.westwickhamosteopathy.co.uk/ankle-injury/

Knee, Ankle, Foot Injuries | Official Hurt Trucker™ SiteKnee, Ankle, Foot Injuries | Official Hurt Trucker™ Site

Official Hurt Trucker™ Site » TRUCKING INJURIES » Knee, Ankle, Foot Injuries. Knee, Ankle, Foot Injuries. Knee, ankle, and foot ... If your knee, ankle or foot injury has reached the point where it is difficult for you to do your job, it is time to call us. ... If your knee, ankle, or foot injury resulted from a work related accident, or was caused by the negligence of a third party, we ... Serious leg, ankle, and foot injuries can be excruciatingly painful for a trucker who must drive day-after-day with few breaks ...
more infohttps://hurttrucker.com/trucking-injuries/knee-ankle-foot-injuries/

Relationship of body mass index, ankle dorsiflexion, and foot pronation on plantar fascia thickness in healthy, asymptomatic...Relationship of body mass index, ankle dorsiflexion, and foot pronation on plantar fascia thickness in healthy, asymptomatic...

Ankle dorsiflexion range of motion showed no correlation at either location. Foot pronation showed an inverse correlation with ... Physical examination was also performed to assess body mass index, ankle joint dorsiflexion, and degree of foot pronation in ... Relationship of body mass index, ankle dorsiflexion, and foot pronation on plantar fascia thickness in healthy, asymptomatic ... Relationship of body mass index, ankle dorsiflexion, and foot pronation on plantar fascia thickness in healthy, asymptomatic ...
more infohttp://abacus.universidadeuropea.es/handle/11268/5473

Risk factors of diabetic foot Charcot arthropathy: a case-control study at a Malaysian tertiary care centre | SMJRisk factors of diabetic foot Charcot arthropathy: a case-control study at a Malaysian tertiary care centre | SMJ

J Foot Ankle Surg. . 2006. ;. 4. :. 5 Suppl. S1. -. S66. .. 15. Abbott CA, Malik RA, van Ross ER, Kulkarni J, Boulton AJ. ... J Foot Ankle Surg. . 2004. ;. 43. :. 87. -. 92. .. 14. Frykberg RG, Zgonis T, Armstrong DG, et al. Diabetic Foot Disorders. A ... Diabet Foot Ankle. . 2013. ;. 4. :.. 9. Molines L, Darmon P, Raccah D.. Charcots foot: newest findings on its pathophysiology ... Foot Ankle Surg. . 2009. ;. 187. -. 91. .. 7. Jeffcoate W.. Charcot neuro-osteoarthropathy.. Diabetes Metab Res Rev. . 2008. ; ...
more infohttp://www.smj.org.sg/article/risk-factors-diabetic-foot-charcot-arthropathy-case-control-study-malaysian-tertiary-care

Ankle replacement - WikipediaAnkle replacement - Wikipedia

Ankle replacement, or ankle arthroplasty, is a surgical procedure to replace the damaged articular surfaces of the human ankle ... Clinical ankle scores, such as the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) or the Manchester Oxford Foot & Ankle ... "Prospective Controlled Trial of STAR Total Ankle Replacement Versus Ankle Fusion: Initial Results". Foot & Ankle International ... Mann, J.A.; Mann, R.A.; Horton, E. (2011). "STAR ankle: long-term results". Foot Ankle International. 32 (5): S473-484. doi: ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ankle_replacement

Ankle SprainsAnkle Sprains

Find out how to avoid ankle sprains and what to do if you get one. ... A sprained ankle is a very common injury that happens when the ligaments that support the ankle get overly stretched or torn. ... The persons ankle will feel loose and unsteady and early on the person probably wont be able to put any weight on the ankle. ... What Causes a Sprained Ankle?. Most ankle sprains happen when people turn or twist too fast and too far, or when the foot rolls ...
more infohttp://kidshealth.org/en/teens/ankle-sprains.html

Ankle SocksAnkle Socks

Browse our Ankle Socks selection for colors, prints, and patterns you will love. ... Gap is your source with a fashionable Ankle Socks collection that is always quality made. ...
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X-Ray Exam: AnkleX-Ray Exam: Ankle

... or deformity of the ankle joint. It can also detect broken bones or a dislocated joint. ... An ankle X-ray can help find the cause of symptoms such as pain, tenderness, and swelling, ... An ankle X-ray is a safe and painless test that uses a small amount of radiation to make an image of the ankle. The ankle joint ... An ankle X-ray can help find the cause of symptoms such as pain, tenderness, and swelling, or deformity of the ankle joint. It ...
more infohttp://kidshealth.org/VidantMedicalCenter/en/parents/xray-ankle.html

Ankle-brachial pressure index - WikipediaAnkle-brachial pressure index - Wikipedia

The ankle-brachial pressure index (ABPI) or ankle-brachial index (ABI) is the ratio of the blood pressure at the ankle to the ... March 2006). "The long-term prognostic value of the resting and postexercise ankle-brachial index". Arch. Intern. Med. 166 (5 ... In a normal subject the pressure at the ankle is slightly higher than at the elbow (there is reflection of the pulse pressure ... Measurement of ankle blood pressures in a seated position will grossly overestimate the ABI (by approximately 0.3). ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ankle%E2%80%93brachial_pressure_index

Ankle and FootAnkle and Foot

The ankle joint is formed by the union of the lower leg bones - the tibia and fibula - and the talus bone (one of a group of ... These bones also act as a lever to increase the strength of the muscles acting on the ankle joint, allowing the body to easily ... The bones of the ankle and foot form the most distal region of the lower limb in the appendicular skeleton. These bones are ... The fibula is united to the bones of the foot on the lateral side of the ankle by the anterior and posterior talofibular ...
more infohttps://www.innerbody.com/anatomy/skeletal/leg-foot/ankle-foot

Cashmere  Ankle TrousersCashmere Ankle Trousers

Ankle Discover the Womens Trousers and Jeggings range at M&S. Shop the latest collection of womens chinos and peg trousers. Buy ...
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Stable Ankle FracturesStable Ankle Fractures

... the ankle joint itself remains well positioned and stable. ... Stable ankle fractures involve a fracture of the outside bone ... of the ankle joint (the fibula). However, although the outside bone is fractured, ... Stable Ankle Fractures. Stable ankle fractures involve a fracture of the outside bone of the ankle joint (the fibula). However ... Foot & Ankle Surgeons. See our foot & ankle surgeons below and use the button to see our entire team, including Advanced ...
more infohttps://www.massgeneral.org/orthopaedics/foot-ankle/conditions-and-treatments/ankle-fractures-stable

Help!!! Ankle!!!? | Yahoo AnswersHelp!!! Ankle!!!? | Yahoo Answers

What happened was the shoe fell over, and the outside of my ankle hit the floor really hard. So, right after that I went to the ... So after that I could barely stand my ankle being bent or straitened more than 45 degrees. Now I can barely walk. I am going to ... so I hurt my ankle a little bit by pushing off a wall (while swimming) wrong. That made it hurt a little bit, but not much. ... Help!!! Ankle!!!?. O.k. so I hurt my ankle a little bit by pushing off a wall (while swimming) wrong. That made it hurt a ...
more infohttps://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20080130174349AAHIRUh

DOWNLOAD: AnkleDOWNLOAD: Ankle

... teenager with ice bag on his ankle, teenager with ice bag on his ankle, teenager with ice bag on his ankle, ... ... Download teenager with ice bag on his ankle, ... Gun Digests Concealed Carry Ankle Holsters Eshort: Ankle ... Woman Jogging Wearing Ankle Weights, Detail. Royalty free photos: Woman jogging wearing ankle weights, detail Author: Oleksiy ... Teenager With Ice Bag On His Ankle. Royalty free photos: teenager with ice bag on his ankle Author: Ulrich Niehoff Date: 2004- ...
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Ankle JointAnkle Joint

Create healthcare diagrams like this example called Ankle Joint in minutes with SmartDraw. SmartDraw includes 1000s of ... Ankle Joint. Create healthcare diagrams like this example called Ankle Joint in minutes with SmartDraw. SmartDraw includes ... Ankle Joint. Lateral view of the right ankle joint showing the relative positions of skeletal structures and ligaments. ...
more infohttps://www.smartdraw.com/skeletal-system-diagram/examples/ankle-joint/

Foot and Ankle - Google BooksFoot and Ankle - Google Books

... and orthotics and proceeds to the specific problems encountered in the foot and ankle clinic. A chapter on arthroscopy is also ... this volume of our Orthopaedic Surgery Essentials Series presents all the information residents need during foot and ankle ... Written by rising stars in the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society, ... abductor hallucis Achilles tendon Achilles tendon rupture ankle joint anterolateral artery arthritis arthrodesis arthroscopic ...
more infohttps://books.google.com/books?id=5hm8F4jRX1EC&dq=related:UOM39015001604415&source=gbs_citations_module_r&cad=6

Red  Ankle TrousersRed Ankle Trousers

Ankle Discover the Womens Trousers and Jeggings range at M&S. Shop the latest collection of womens chinos and peg trousers. Buy ...
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Ankle Sprains | HealthCentralAnkle Sprains | HealthCentral

... the tearing or excessive stretching of the ligaments that hold the ankle bones in position. Description Of all the joints in ... Definition The usual ankle injury is a sprain - ... Have the ankles been injured?. Will I need x-rays to tell what ... A moderate ankle sprain may require 3 to 6 weeks of rehabilitation before the area is fully healed, and a severe ankle sprain ... The usual ankle injury is a sprain - the tearing or excessive stretching of the ligaments that hold the ankle bones in position ...
more infohttps://www.healthcentral.com/encyclopedia/ankle-sprains

Ankle Gout | Ankle DiseasesAnkle Gout | Ankle Diseases

Learn about diseases that can impact the ankle. ... Many conditions affect the ankle including arthritis and gout ... Arthritis and Diseases that Affect the Ankle. From joint inflammation to sprains, problems that may be to blame for ankle pain. ... In some people with lupus, arthritis affects the ankles. However, swelling of the ankles may be a sign of kidney involvement. ... Home > About Arthritis > Where It Hurts > Ankle Pain > Causes > Diseases that Affect the Ankle ...
more infohttps://www.arthritis.org/about-arthritis/where-it-hurts/ankle-pain/causes/ankle-diseases.php

Ankle Mimic - Goodsearch & GoodshopAnkle Mimic - Goodsearch & Goodshop

Ankle Mimic supports United States Fund for UNICEF on Goodsearch & Goodshop. You too can raise funds for any cause through ...
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Ankle Pain | Buzzle.comAnkle Pain | Buzzle.com

Foot and Ankle Pain. More often than not, pain in the foot and ankle is caused due to ankle sprains. This write-up provides ... Ankle Ligament Injury. An ankle ligament injury usually occurs due to a sudden twist in the ankle. In this article, we will ... Ankle Pain While Running. Ankle sprains, tendinitis, as well as minor injuries to the ankle are some of the possible causes of ... Swollen Ankles Treatment. Swollen ankles can be caused by either injury or due to the accumulation of excess fluid in the ankle ...
more infohttps://www.buzzle.com/articles/ankle-pain/

Busted Ankle | Travel ChannelBusted Ankle | Travel Channel

A water stunt gone wrong leaves Austins left foot in 2 parts.
more infohttps://www.travelchannel.com/videos/busted-ankle-0181086

Ankle collapses - Orthopedics - MedHelpAnkle 'collapses' - Orthopedics - MedHelp

Ive noticed several times recently that my ankle fails when I am walking. Its happened a few times as Ive been descending ... Ankle collapses CamV Ive noticed several times recently that my ankle fails when I am walking. Its happened a few times as ... Ankle collapses. Ive noticed several times recently that my ankle fails when I am walking. Its happened a few times as Ive ... im 17 and have collapsesing ankles. i started seeing it when i was about 14. i have pain in my ankles when i walk and when i ...
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  • The standard Doctor's direction for most ankle injuries is to rest the injury and let it heal over time. (kingbrand.com)
  • King Brand Healthcare Products manufactures a line of BFST ® wraps and ColdCure ® medical devices that are specifically designed for patients that require better than normal care for their ankle injuries. (kingbrand.com)
  • Patients enjoy the support BFST ® wraps provide their ankle injuries and appreciate that they are healing - patients like wearing them , they know its helping them heal. (kingbrand.com)
  • Knee, ankle, and foot injuries can be debilitating and can take a truck driver months - or even years - to recover from, and with certain injuries full recovery is not possible. (hurttrucker.com)
  • Serious leg, ankle, and foot injuries can be excruciatingly painful for a trucker who must drive day-after-day with few breaks or opportunities to for physical therapy. (hurttrucker.com)
  • Doctors usually recommend patients try to stay off their ankle for a period of time and to take something for the pain. (kingbrand.com)
  • While promoting blood flow at rest is fundamental to rapid recovery, controlling inflammation and pain are also very important for treating an ankle injury. (kingbrand.com)
  • The BFST ® device is designed to be worn even when turned off to help protect the ankle from reinjury and this goes a long way towards shortening the recovery time. (kingbrand.com)
  • In the following decade, the disappointing results of long-term follow-up clinical studies of the pioneering designs has left ankle arthrodesis as the surgical treatment of choice for these patients. (wikipedia.org)
  • There was also a smaller rash area on my left ankle. (medhelp.org)
  • Strong enough to bear your body weight and enable you to move, your ankle can be prone to injury and pain. (mayoclinic.org)
  • A sprained ankle is a very common injury for teens - athletes and non-athletes alike. (kidshealth.org)
  • If your ankle hurts enough after an injury that you need to call a doctor, the office staff will probably ask questions over the phone about how you injured it and what it feels like. (kidshealth.org)
  • Patients will usually report a twisting injury to the ankle. (massgeneral.org)
  • Not all sprained ankles need to have x-rays to determine the nature of the injury. (healthcentral.com)
  • Apply the ice pack to the ankle 4 to 8 times a day for 20 minutes at a time (not longer due to possible cold injury and frostbite). (healthcentral.com)
  • Any injury to the ankles, or sometimes ever overuse can cause ankle pain. (buzzle.com)
  • Even a relatively benign ankle injury can be quite painful, at least at first. (mayoclinic.org)
  • You will need to start exercises to strengthen your ankle and avoid injury in the future. (medlineplus.gov)
  • This can form after an injury to the ankle. (medlineplus.gov)
  • The foot may be rolled to the inside similar to an ankle sprain, or the foot may be fixed on the ground while the body rotates around it. (massgeneral.org)
  • This happens when the foot, instead of the ankle rotating medially resulting in an inversion (the foot being rolling to the inside), the ankle rotates laterally resulting in an eversion (when the foot rolls to the outside). (wikipedia.org)
  • Ankle pain and swelling can be caused by various medical conditions that can range from an infection through an open wound, an early symptom of diabetes, to water-retention. (buzzle.com)
  • The outcome of an ankle replacement includes factors like ankle function, pain, revision and implant survival. (wikipedia.org)
  • If you repeatedly sprain the same ankle or feel pain for more than 4 to 6 weeks, you may have what's called a chronic sprain . (kidshealth.org)
  • They are associated with pain, resulting in it being very difficult or even impossible to walk on the ankle. (massgeneral.org)
  • In either case, patients will describe pain and swelling in their ankle. (massgeneral.org)
  • Licensed acupuncturist, certified massage therapist, and trigger point specialist Valerie DeLaune presents Trigger Point Therapy for Foot, Ankle, Knee, and Leg Pain, the first book to offer trigger point therapy techniques specifically for these t. (tradebit.com)
  • There are several different types of juvenile arthritis that can cause pain and swelling in the ankles. (arthritis.org)
  • No swelling accompanying this ankle pain is considered to be a relatively good sign, as it may heal without any medical treatment. (buzzle.com)
  • Ankle pain is a common problem experienced by many people while walking on a treadmill or on an inclined surface. (buzzle.com)
  • There are ample medical conditions responsible for pain in ankles. (buzzle.com)
  • Suffering from chronic ankle pain is not only a discomforting condition but also a cause of concern. (buzzle.com)
  • Ankle pain is a painful and unpleasant experience that can keep you awake the entire night. (buzzle.com)
  • Ankle pain after running can be a huge deterrent in your daily exercise routine. (buzzle.com)
  • i have pain in my ankles when i walk and when i run but what i have noticed is when i weare me shoes instead of sandles my ankls dont bother me as much. (medhelp.org)
  • How to bounce back fast from an ankle sprain - and stay pain free. (medhelp.org)
  • Although mild ankle pain often responds well to home treatments, it can take time to resolve. (mayoclinic.org)
  • Even with the best of care, you may have some ankle swelling, stiffness or pain, particularly first thing in the morning or after you've been active, for several weeks. (mayoclinic.org)
  • Ankle pain is often due to an ankle sprain. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Home care for ankle pain depends on the cause and what other treatment or surgery has taken place. (medlineplus.gov)
  • As the swelling and pain improve, you may still need to keep extra weight stress off your ankle for a period of time. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Once the pain and swelling are mostly gone, the injured ankle will still be a little weaker and less stable than the uninjured ankle. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Your leg and ankle area will be numbed so that you do not feel any pain. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Keep your ankle elevated above your heart for 2 to 3 days to help reduce swelling and pain. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Ice is used to decrease the blood flow to the ankle and therefore decrease the swelling. (massgeneral.org)
  • Compressing the ankle with tape or elastic bandage helps control the bleeding and swelling, as does Elevation of the foot. (healthcentral.com)
  • However, swelling of the ankles may be a sign of kidney involvement. (arthritis.org)
  • Swelling in the legs and ankles can be a symptom of a number of health issues. (buzzle.com)
  • For these ladies, the Walking Dead Women's 3-Pack Team Daryl Ankle Socks will make them very happy. (geekalerts.com)
  • Your doctor will probably recommend avoiding weight bearing on the ankle for some time, and the use of crutches. (healthcentral.com)
  • You may need a brace to support the ankle or a boot to rest your ankle. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Thus, a sprained ankle is more likely to occur when the ankle is plantar-flexed, as ligamentous support is more important in this position. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is happening a lot,my ankles and knees do pop a lot so I was thinking maybe it is from excess cartilige growth.Any thoughts? (dailystrength.org)
  • The best way to heal a broken ankle is by taking proper treatment and following a healthy diet. (buzzle.com)
  • So after that I could barely stand my ankle being bent or straitened more than 45 degrees. (yahoo.com)
  • Three different pictures are taken: one from the front (anteroposterior view, or AP) of the ankle, one from the side (lateral view, or lat), and one at an angle (internal oblique or mortise view). (kidshealth.org)
  • The bony arch formed by the tibial plafond and the two malleoli is referred to as the ankle "mortise" (or talar mortise). (wikipedia.org)
  • Always warm up and use the recommended stretching techniques for your ankles before playing sports, exercising, or doing any other kind of physical activity. (kidshealth.org)