Compounds that contain the Cl(=O)(=O)(=O)O- structure. Included under this heading is perchloric acid and the salts and ester forms of perchlorate.
A compound forming white, odorless deliquescent crystals and used as iodine supplement, expectorant or in its radioactive (I-131) form as an diagnostic aid, particularly for thyroid function tests.
Inorganic binary compounds of iodine or the I- ion.
Negatively charged atoms, radicals or groups of atoms which travel to the anode or positive pole during electrolysis.
Unstable isotopes of iodine that decay or disintegrate emitting radiation. I atoms with atomic weights 117-139, except I 127, are radioactive iodine isotopes.
A highly vascularized endocrine gland consisting of two lobes joined by a thin band of tissue with one lobe on each side of the TRACHEA. It secretes THYROID HORMONES from the follicular cells and CALCITONIN from the parafollicular cells thereby regulating METABOLISM and CALCIUM level in blood, respectively.
Inorganic compounds that contain sodium as an integral part of the molecule.
A member of the alkali group of metals. It has the atomic symbol Na, atomic number 11, and atomic weight 23.
A nonmetallic element of the halogen group that is represented by the atomic symbol I, atomic number 53, and atomic weight of 126.90. It is a nutritionally essential element, especially important in thyroid hormone synthesis. In solution, it has anti-infective properties and is used topically.
A family of gram-negative bacteria in the order Rhodocyclales, class BETAPROTEOBACTERIA. It includes many genera previously assigned to the family PSEUDOMONADACEAE.
An inorganic compound that is used as a source of iodine in thyrotoxic crisis and in the preparation of thyrotoxic patients for thyroidectomy. (From Dorland, 27th ed)
A glycoprotein hormone secreted by the adenohypophysis (PITUITARY GLAND, ANTERIOR). Thyrotropin stimulates THYROID GLAND by increasing the iodide transport, synthesis and release of thyroid hormones (THYROXINE and TRIIODOTHYRONINE). Thyrotropin consists of two noncovalently linked subunits, alpha and beta. Within a species, the alpha subunit is common in the pituitary glycoprotein hormones (TSH; LUTEINIZING HORMONE and FSH), but the beta subunit is unique and confers its biological specificity.
A gamma-emitting radionuclide imaging agent used for the diagnosis of diseases in many tissues, particularly in the gastrointestinal system, cardiovascular and cerebral circulation, brain, thyroid, and joints.
A hemeprotein that catalyzes the oxidation of the iodide radical to iodine with the subsequent iodination of many organic compounds, particularly proteins. EC 1.11.1.8.
Organic derivatives of thiocyanic acid which contain the general formula R-SCN.
Tumors or cancer of the THYROID GLAND.
Membrane transporters that co-transport two or more dissimilar molecules in the same direction across a membrane. Usually the transport of one ion or molecule is against its electrochemical gradient and is "powered" by the movement of another ion or molecule with its electrochemical gradient.
Pathological processes involving the THYROID GLAND.
Chemical compounds which pollute the water of rivers, streams, lakes, the sea, reservoirs, or other bodies of water.
Compounds that contain three methine groups. They are frequently used as cationic dyes used for differential staining of biological materials.
Tumor-selective, replication competent VIRUSES that have antineoplastic effects. This is achieved by producing cytotoxicity-enhancing proteins and/or eliciting an antitumor immune response. They are genetically engineered so that they can replicate in CANCER cells but not in normal cells, and are used in ONCOLYTIC VIROTHERAPY.
Ion channels that specifically allow the passage of SODIUM ions. A variety of specific sodium channel subtypes are involved in serving specialized functions such as neuronal signaling, CARDIAC MUSCLE contraction, and KIDNEY function.
Stable cesium atoms that have the same atomic number as the element cesium, but differ in atomic weight. Cs-133 is a naturally occurring isotope.
Common name for one of five species of small PARROTS, containing long tails.
Inorganic salts of chloric acid that contain the ClO3- ion.
Astatine. A radioactive halogen with the atomic symbol At, atomic number 85, and atomic weight 210. Its isotopes range in mass number from 200 to 219 and all have an extremely short half-life. Astatine may be of use in the treatment of hyperthyroidism.
Techniques and strategies which include the use of coding sequences and other conventional or radical means to transform or modify cells for the purpose of treating or reversing disease conditions.
Use of attenuated VIRUSES as ANTINEOPLASTIC AGENTS to selectively kill CANCER cells.
A malignant neoplasm characterized by the formation of numerous, irregular, finger-like projections of fibrous stroma that is covered with a surface layer of neoplastic epithelial cells. (Stedman, 25th ed)
A cell line derived from cultured tumor cells.
An enlarged THYROID GLAND containing multiple nodules (THYROID NODULE), usually resulting from recurrent thyroid HYPERPLASIA and involution over many years to produce the irregular enlargement. Multinodular goiters may be nontoxic or may induce THYROTOXICOSIS.
Mutant mice homozygous for the recessive gene "nude" which fail to develop a thymus. They are useful in tumor studies and studies on immune responses.
The major hormone derived from the thyroid gland. Thyroxine is synthesized via the iodination of tyrosines (MONOIODOTYROSINE) and the coupling of iodotyrosines (DIIODOTYROSINE) in the THYROGLOBULIN. Thyroxine is released from thyroglobulin by proteolysis and secreted into the blood. Thyroxine is peripherally deiodinated to form TRIIODOTHYRONINE which exerts a broad spectrum of stimulatory effects on cell metabolism.
An order of photosynthetic bacteria representing a physiological community of predominantly aquatic bacteria.
Membrane proteins whose primary function is to facilitate the transport of negatively charged molecules (anions) across a biological membrane.
Sites where HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES are deposited. Some have facilities for safely storing, processing, and recycling these waste products.
Transport proteins that carry specific substances in the blood or across cell membranes.
A family of freshwater fish of the order ESOCIFORMES, comprising the pikes, inhabiting the waters of the Northern Hemisphere. There is one genus, Esox, with five species: northern pike, grass pickerel, chain pickerel, muskellunge, and Amur pike.
The type species of MORBILLIVIRUS and the cause of the highly infectious human disease MEASLES, which affects mostly children.
A family of non-enveloped viruses infecting mammals (MASTADENOVIRUS) and birds (AVIADENOVIRUS) or both (ATADENOVIRUS). Infections may be asymptomatic or result in a variety of diseases.
Quaternary ammonium analog of ethidium; an intercalating dye with a specific affinity to certain forms of DNA and, used as diiodide, to separate them in density gradients; also forms fluorescent complexes with cholinesterase which it inhibits.
Sodium or sodium compounds used in foods or as a food. The most frequently used compounds are sodium chloride or sodium glutamate.
Proteins which are found in membranes including cellular and intracellular membranes. They consist of two types, peripheral and integral proteins. They include most membrane-associated enzymes, antigenic proteins, transport proteins, and drug, hormone, and lectin receptors.
An adenocarcinoma of the thyroid gland, in which the cells are arranged in the form of follicles. (From Dorland, 27th ed)
Inorganic or organic salts and esters of nitric acid. These compounds contain the NO3- radical.
A ubiquitous sodium salt that is commonly used to season food.
Accumulation of a drug or chemical substance in various organs (including those not relevant to its pharmacologic or therapeutic action). This distribution depends on the blood flow or perfusion rate of the organ, the ability of the drug to penetrate organ membranes, tissue specificity, protein binding. The distribution is usually expressed as tissue to plasma ratios.
Means or process of supplying water (as for a community) usually including reservoirs, tunnels, and pipelines and often the watershed from which the water is ultimately drawn. (Webster, 3d ed)
Substances or energies, for example heat or light, which when introduced into the air, water, or land threaten life or health of individuals or ECOSYSTEMS.
Inorganic compounds that contain potassium as an integral part of the molecule.
Established cell cultures that have the potential to propagate indefinitely.
The movement of materials (including biochemical substances and drugs) through a biological system at the cellular level. The transport can be across cell membranes and epithelial layers. It also can occur within intracellular compartments and extracellular compartments.
Inorganic compounds derived from hydrochloric acid that contain the Cl- ion.
A thioureylene antithyroid agent that inhibits the formation of thyroid hormones by interfering with the incorporation of iodine into tyrosyl residues of thyroglobulin. This is done by interfering with the oxidation of iodide ion and iodotyrosyl groups through inhibition of the peroxidase enzyme.
Agents that are used to treat hyperthyroidism by reducing the excessive production of thyroid hormones.
A genus of gram-negative aerobic bacteria that occurs free-living in the soil or associated with the roots of cereal crops or grasses (POACEAE).
Some anions like perchlorate, pertechnetate and thiocyanate, can affect iodide capture by competitive inhibition because they ... A sodium/iodide symporter (NIS), also known as a sodium/iodide cotransporter or solute carrier family 5, member 5 (SLC5A5) is a ... which transports two sodium cations (Na+) for each iodide anion (I−) into the cell. NIS mediated uptake of iodide into ... Matsuda A, Kosugi S (1998). "A homozygous missense mutation of the sodium/iodide symporter gene causing iodide transport defect ...
... was initially identified as a sodium-independent chloride-iodide exchanger with subsequent studies showing that it also ... Pendrin is an anion exchange protein that in humans is encoded by the SLC26A4 gene (solute carrier family 26, member 4). ... goiter and a partial organification problem detectable by a positive perchlorate test. Pendrin is responsible for mediating the ... In the thyroid, pendrin mediates a component of the efflux of iodide across the apical membrane of the thyrocyte, which is ...
... the sodium/iodide symporter (NIS), the key plasma membrane protein that mediates the active transport of iodide into the ... NIS also transports other anions, including the environmental pollutant perchlorate. In addition, her group recently identified ... Excess iodide induces an acute inhibition of the sodium/iodide symporter in thyroid male rat cells by increasing reactive ... She cloned the sodium/iodide symporter (NIS), a breakthrough in thyroid pathophysiology with ramifications for many other ...
To understand how a chemical state differs from an oxidation state, anion, or cation, compare sodium fluoride (NaF) to ... bond Triple bond Inorganic acid Organic ester Metal ester Organic carbonate Nitrile group Cyanide ion Perchlorate ion Sodium ... ion Lead ion Sulfate ion Phosphate ion Silicate group Stannate group Halide ion Fluoride ion Chloride ion Bromide ion Iodide ... The following list of neutral compounds, anions, cations, functional groups and chemical species is a partial list of the many ...
Or, similarly, from iodides by oxidation with bromine and sodium hydroxide: NaIO3 + Cl2 + 4 NaOH → Na3H2IO6 + 2 NaCl + H2O NaI ... Periodate /pəˈraɪ.ədeɪt/ is an anion composed of iodine and oxygen. It is one of a number of oxyanions of iodine and is the ... Army announced that it would replace the environmentally harmful chemicals barium nitrate and potassium perchlorate with sodium ... Sodium periodate Potassium periodate Periodic acid Ammermüller, F.; Magnus, G. (1833). "Ueber eine neue Verbindung des Jods mit ...
... which normally acts in thyroid hormone synthesis by oxidizing the anion iodide (I−) to iodine (I2), hypoiodous acid (HOI), ... It does not inhibit the action of the sodium-dependent iodide transporter located on follicular cells' basolateral membranes. ... Inhibition of this step requires competitive inhibitors such as perchlorate and thiocyanate. It acts at CXCL10. The imidazole ...
... potassium perchlorate (KClO4), and sodium perchlorate (NaClO4). Perchlorate is the anion resulting from the dissociation of ... Perchlorate is a potent competitive inhibitor of the thyroid sodium-iodide symporter. Thus, it has been used to treat ... Most perchlorate compounds, especially salts of electropositive metals such as sodium perchlorate or potassium perchlorate, do ... A perchlorate is a chemical compound containing the perchlorate ion, ClO− 4. The majority of perchlorates are commercially ...
... which normally acts in thyroid hormone synthesis by oxidizing the anion iodide (I−) to iodine (I0), facilitating iodine's ... PTU does not inhibit the action of the sodium-dependent iodide transporter located on follicular cells' basolateral membranes. ... Inhibition of this step requires competitive inhibitors, such as perchlorate and thiocyanate. PTU also acts by inhibiting the ...
... is an inorganic salt, composed of a sodium cation and the periodate anion. It may also be regarded as the ... Or, similarly, from iodides by oxidation with bromine and sodium hydroxide: NaIO3 + Cl2 + 4 NaOH → Na3H2IO6 + 2 NaCl + H2O NaI ... US Army announced that it would replace environmentally harmful chemicals barium nitrate and potassium perchlorate with sodium ... and sodium orthoperiodate, normally this means sodium hydrogen periodate (Na2H3IO6) but the fully reacted sodium orthoperiodate ...
Perchlorates are made by electrolytically oxidising sodium chlorate, and perchloric acid is made by reacting anhydrous sodium ... The trichloride anion, Cl− 3, has also been characterised; it is analogous to triiodide. The three fluorides of chlorine form a ... sets hydrogen iodide and thionyl chloride on fire and even oxidises silver and gold. Although it is a weak ligand, weaker than ... In most private swimming pools, chlorine itself is not used, but rather sodium hypochlorite, formed from chlorine and sodium ...
Since tetraethylammonium is always paired with an anion, the TEA salts, TEA chloride, TEA bromide, or TEA iodide have actually ... is carried out by mixing the water-soluble salts tetraethylammonium bromide and sodium perchlorate in water, from which the ... It is a counterion used in the research laboratory to prepare lipophilic salts of inorganic anions. It is used similarly to ... The octanol-water partition coefficient of TEA iodide, Po-w was determined experimentally to be 6.9×10−4 (or log P ≈ −3.16). ...
... are sometimes used to replace sodium or potassium ions to increase the solubility of the associated anion in organic solvents. ... The ammonium salts of nitrate and especially perchlorate are highly explosive, in these cases ammonium is the reducing agent. ... Ammonia or Ammonium ion when added to nessler's reagent gives brown colour precipitate known as iodide of Million's base in ... Ammonium ion when added to sodium cobaltinitrite gives a yellow precipitate. Na 3 [ Co ( NO 2 ) 6 ] ( aq ) + 3 NH 4 ( aq ) ⟶ ( ...
The dipyridine-astatine(I) cation, [At(C5H5N)2]+, forms ionic compounds with perchlorate (a non-coordinating anion) and with ... in the form of astatides of sodium, palladium, silver, thallium, and lead. Some characteristic properties of silver and sodium ... The excess of iodides or bromides may lead to AtBr− 2 and AtI− 2 ions, or in a chloride solution, they may produce species like ... The first two compounds may also be produced in water - astatine reacts with iodine/iodide solution to form AtI, whereas AtBr ...
The fluoride, chloride, and bromide have the sodium chloride structure, but the iodide has three known stable forms at ... Ag+ forms salts with most anions, but it is reluctant to coordinate to oxygen and thus most of these salts are insoluble in ... water: the exceptions are the nitrate, perchlorate, and fluoride. The tetracoordinate tetrahedral aqueous ion [Ag(H2O)4]+ is ... Small silver iodide crystals are used in cloud seeding to cause rain. Silver compounds have low toxicity compared to those of ...
... is a potent competitive inhibitor of the thyroid sodium-iodide symporter. Iodine is an essential component of ... 2005). "The effect of perchlorate, thiocyanate, and nitrate on thyroid function in workers exposed to perchlorate long-term". J ... Thiocyanate (also known as rhodanide) is the anion [SCN]−. It is the conjugate base of thiocyanic acid. Common derivatives ... Sodium nitroprusside, a metabolite of which is thiocyanate, is however still used for the treatment of a hypertensive emergency ...
... or perchlorate.[3] Salts of this anion are known as solids and in both aqueous and non-aqueous solutions. BARF can be used in ... Synthesis of sodium BARF[edit]. The sodium salt of the BARF ion is abbreviated NaBArF4 (or sometimes as NaBArF24[2] recognising ... phenylmagnesium iodide, ArFMgI where ArF = 3,5-(CF3)2C6H3. An ethereal solution of boron trifluoride is then added to this ... Hexafluorophosphate is a non-coordinating anion in both senses of the term.[6][7] Three widely used non-coordinating anions are ...
Potassium reacts in many chemical reactions similar to sodium and other alkali metals. It tarnishes in air to produce a whitish ... If they are toxic, it is because of the anion. Potassium chromate is colored because of the chromate, not the potassium. ... Potassium perchlorate, used in some rockets. *Potassium periodate. *Potassium permanganate, purple, disinfectant, oxidizing ... Potassium iodide, used to supply iodine. *Potassium manganate, used to make potassium permanganate ...
It is non-hygroscopic, in contrast to silver fluoroborate and silver perchlorate. It is relatively stable to light. Finally, it ... Similarly, this reaction is used in analytical chemistry to confirm the presence of chloride, bromide, or iodide ions. Samples ... silver nitrate is treated with halide salts of sodium or potassium to form insoluble silver halide in situ in photographic ... Other silver salts with non-coordinating anions, namely silver tetrafluoroborate and silver hexafluorophosphate are used for ...
... forms ionic compounds with perchlorate[63] (a non-coordinating anion[66]) and with nitrate, [At(C5H5N)2]NO3.[63] This cation ... Sodium Magnesium Aluminium Silicon Phosphorus Sulfur Chlorine Argon Potassium Calcium Scandium Titanium Vanadium Chromium ... The excess of iodides or bromides may lead to AtBr−. 2 and AtI−. 2 ions,[56] or in a chloride solution, they may produce ... 3 anion can be obtained by, for example, the oxidation of astatine with potassium hypochlorite in a solution of potassium ...
The nature of the anions affects stability of the salt. Arenediazonium perchlorates, such as nitrobenzenediazonium perchlorate ... The use of sodium dithionite is an improvement over stannous chloride since it is a cheaper reducing agent with fewer ... However it can be introduced by treating arenediazonium cations with potassium iodide: C 6 H 5 N 2 + + KI ⟶ C 6 H 5 I + K + + N ... anion-induced dediazoniation: a counterion such as iodine gives electron transfer to the diazonium cation forming the aryl ...
Negative ions are called anions.[1] They are attracted to anodes (positively charged electrodes). All simple non-metal ions ( ... Perchlorate. ClO−. 4. Permanganate. MnO−. 4. Peroxide. O2−. 2. Phosphate. PO3−. 4. ... Sodium. Na+. natric Strontium. Sr2+. Tin(II). Sn2+. stannous Tin(IV). Sn4+. stannic ... In his theory, he said what the portions of molecules were like that moved to anions or cations. Svante August Arrhenius showed ...
Shifts in pH will cause more or fewer ammonium cations (NH+ 4) and amide anions (NH− 2) to be present in solution. At standard ... The conversion of ammonia to hydrogen via the sodium amide process, either for combustion or as fuel for a proton exchange ... Prolonged contact of ammonia solutions with silver, mercury or iodide salts can also lead to explosive products: such mixtures ... Examples of such compounds include: ammonium perchlorate, ammonium nitrate, formamide, dinitrogen tetroxide, alprazolam, ...
Highly pure thorium can be extracted from its iodide with the crystal bar process. Uranium is extracted from its ores in ... Its main component is an aqueous solution of sodium carbonate, which converts uranium into a complex [UO2(CO3)3]4−, which is ... So, colorless sulfate, chloride, perchlorate and nitrate of thorium transform into basic salts with formulas Th(OH)2SO4 and Th( ... Actinides with oxidation state +6, except for the AnO22+-type cations, form [AnO4]2−, [An2O7]2− and other complex anions. For ...
Unlike chlorates, which very slowly disproportionate to chloride and perchlorate, the bromate anion is stable to ... Potassium bromide and sodium bromide were used as anticonvulsants and sedatives in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, but ... Conversely, the bromide ion is a weaker reducing agent than iodide, but a stronger one than chloride. These similarities led to ... The bromide anion is not very toxic: a normal daily intake is 2 to 8 milligrams. However, high levels of bromide chronically ...
Sodium iodide is soluble in acetone and sodium chloride and sodium bromide are not. The reaction is driven toward products by ... because the electrostatic forces of attraction between the cations and anions are weakest for the large iodide anion. In ... Unlike chlorates, which disproportionate very slowly to form chloride and perchlorate, iodates are stable to disproportionation ... Sodium iodate is extracted from the caliche and reduced to iodide by sodium bisulfite. This solution is then reacted with ...
Many other inorganic thorium compounds with polyatomic anions are known, such as the perchlorates, sulfates, sulfites, nitrates ... The lower iodides ThI3 (black) and ThI2 (gold) can be prepared by reducing the tetraiodide with thorium metal. (ThI is also ... ThS has the sodium chloride structure, but ThTe has the caesium chloride structure, since the Th4+ and Te2− ions are similar in ... were later discovered to contain both peroxide anions and the anions of the reacting thorium salt. Thorium monoxide has been ...
Other anions. Potassium fluoride. Potassium bromide. Potassium iodide Other cations. Lithium chloride. Sodium chloride. ... Potassium perchlorate Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 ... Although potassium is more electropositive than sodium, KCl can be reduced to the metal by reaction with metallic sodium at 850 ... sodium chloride) to improve the taste to form low sodium salt. The addition of 1 ppm of thaumatin considerably reduces this ...
Some of the anions known to have been included in sodalite-structure materials include nitrate, iodide, iodate, permanganate, ... A light, relatively hard yet fragile mineral, sodalite is named after its sodium content; in mineralogy it may be classed as a ... perchlorate, and perrhenate. Minerals portal Labradorite Opal Mindat with locations Webmineral data Handbook of Mineralogy ... Natural sodalite holds primarily chloride anions in the cages, but they can be substituted by other anions such as sulfate, ...
Potassium iodide. Potassium astatide Other cations. Lithium chloride. Sodium chloride. Rubidium chloride. Caesium chloride. ... Potassium perchlorate Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 ... Other anions. Potassium fluoride. Potassium bromide. ... Along with sodium chloride and lithium chloride, potassium ... Although potassium is more electropositive than sodium, KCl can be reduced to the metal by reaction with metallic sodium at 850 ...
Preparation and crystal structure of a compound which contains the cryptated sodium cation and the sodium anion". J. Am. Chem. ... lithium perchlorate and other lithium salts with large anions that cannot be polarised are much more stable than the analogous ... For example, lithium iodide (Li I) will dissolve in organic solvents, a property of most covalent compounds.[72] Lithium ... Sodium salts of fatty acids are used as soap.[197] Pure sodium metal also has many applications, including use in sodium-vapour ...
The fluoride, chloride, and bromide have the sodium chloride structure, but the iodide has three known stable forms at ... Ag+ forms salts with most anions, but it is reluctant to coordinate to oxygen and thus most of these salts are insoluble in ... water: the exceptions are the nitrate, perchlorate, and fluoride. The tetracoordinate tetrahedral aqueous ion [Ag(H2O)4]+ is ... Sodium Magnesium Aluminium Silicon Phosphorus Sulfur Chlorine Argon Potassium Calcium Scandium Titanium Vanadium Chromium ...
Sodium iodide 161.9 Sodium thiocyanate 205.5 Liquid ammonia is an ionising solvent, although less so than water, and dissolves ... 4) and amide anions (NH−. 2) to be present in solution. At standard pressure and temperature, K=[NH+. 4][NH−. 2] = 10−30. ... Examples of such compounds include: ammonium perchlorate, ammonium nitrate, formamide, dinitrogen tetroxide, alprazolam, ... Pliny also mentioned that when some samples of what was purported to be natron (Latin: nitrum, impure sodium carbonate) were ...
Unlike chlorates, which very slowly disproportionate to chloride and perchlorate, the bromate anion is stable to ... Sodium Magnesium Aluminium Silicon Phosphorus Sulfur Chlorine Argon Potassium Calcium Scandium Titanium Vanadium Chromium ... Conversely, the bromide ion is a weaker reducing agent than iodide, but a stronger one than chloride.[16] These similarities ... The bromide anion is not very toxic: a normal daily intake is 2 to 8 milligrams.[57] However, high levels of bromide ...
Chlorides (chlorates and perchlorates), bromides and iodides (Except Ag+, Pb2+, Cu+ and Hg22+). Hydroxides and oxides (Except ... In even more simple terms a simple ionic compound (with positive and negative ions) such as sodium chloride (common salt) is ... complex-forming anions (ligands) in liquids. Solubility will also depend on the excess or deficiency of a common ion in the ... For example, a mixture of salt (sodium chloride) and silica may be separated by dissolving the salt in water, and filtering off ...
Arsenic compounds such as sodium arsenite or sodium arsenate are effective flame retardants for wood but have been less ... Brewer who state that the cadmium iodide CdI2 structure of germanous iodide GeI2 establishes the existence of the Ge++ ion (the ... Carbon can form anions such as C4− (methanide), C2- 2 (acetylide), and C3- 4 (sesquicarbide or allylenide), in compounds with ... perchlorate, and nitrate (C+ 24X−.2HX, where X = HSO4, ClO4; and C+ 24NO- 3.3HNO3). In organic chemistry, carbon can form ...
Many other inorganic thorium compounds with polyatomic anions are known, such as the perchlorates, sulfates, sulfites, nitrates ... Lower iodides ThI3 (black) and ThI2 (gold-coloured) can also be prepared by reducing the tetraiodide with thorium metal: they ... Lely and Hamburger obtained 99% pure thorium metal by reducing thorium chloride with sodium metal. A simpler method leading to ... All four thorium tetrahalides are known, as are some low-valent bromides and iodides: the tetrahalides are all 8-coordinated ...
... perchlorate ([Rh(C5H5)2]ClO4), and reineckate ([Rh(C5H5)2] [Cr(NCS)4(NH3)2]·H2O) anions, and found that the addition of ... It has been shown that this compound can also be prepared by sodium borohydride reduction of a rhodocenium solution in aqueous ... hydroxide deprotonating a methyl group and the resulting carbanion undergoing nucleophilic substitution with methyl iodide to ... The space-filling model of the anion of Zeise's salt (image at left) shows direct bonding between the platinum metal centre ( ...
Perchlorate, thiocyanate, and nitrate are sodium/iodide symporter (NIS) inhibitors that block iodide uptake into the thyroid, ... This key step in thyroid hormone synthesis is inhibited by perchlorate, thiocyanate (SCN) and nitrate (NO3) anions. When these ... The sodium iodide-symporter (NIS) mediates uptake of iodide into thyroid follicular cells. ... At high doses, perchlorate, thiocyanate, and nitrate inhibit iodide uptake into the thyroid and decrease thyroid hormone ...
Some anions like perchlorate, pertechnetate and thiocyanate, can affect iodide capture by competitive inhibition because they ... A sodium/iodide symporter (NIS), also known as a sodium/iodide cotransporter or solute carrier family 5, member 5 (SLC5A5) is a ... which transports two sodium cations (Na+) for each iodide anion (I−) into the cell. NIS mediated uptake of iodide into ... Matsuda A, Kosugi S (1998). "A homozygous missense mutation of the sodium/iodide symporter gene causing iodide transport defect ...
This transport depends on the TSH and on a sodium-iodide symporter (NIS), which is located in the membrane of the thyroid cells ... transport can also be inhibited by some anions, such as perchlorate and thiocyanate. Human NIS has been already identified in ... The thyroid has a limited capacity to use iodides.3 In normal conditions, thyroid iodide clearance rates are higher than ... Pendrin also acts in the transport of iodide into follicular cells. Once inside the cell, iodide binds to tyrosine, a ...
Sodium iodide symporter (NIS; also transports other monovalent anions including: ClO3-, SCN-, SeCN-, NO3-, Br-, BF4-, IO4- and ... BrO3-). It mediates electroneutral active transport of the environmental pollutant perchlorate (Dohan et al., 2007). Five beta- ... Sodium-coupled monocarboxylate transporter 2 (Electroneutral sodium monocarboxylate cotransporter) (Low-affinity sodium-lactate ... Sodium/glucose cotransporter 2 (Na+/glucose cotransporter 2) (Low affinity sodium-glucose cotransporter) (Solute carrier family ...
anions like perchlorate, pertechnetate and thiocyanate compete with iodide for uptake by NIS from the blood ... where is the sodium-iodide symporter (NIS) found and what molecules compete with iodide to be taken up ...
I know the perchlorate anion is preferred over iodide for uptake in human thyrocytes through the sodium/iodide symporter, and ... Just as BPA is the "best" compound for use in food-container linings, ammonium perchlorate (AP) is the best oxidizer for our ... I believe all the points Baum makes about BPA can be made about perchlorates. The editorial could easily have been titled " ... "Perchlorate Craziness," and the first paragraph changed to read, "The sad saga of perchlorates in propellants and pyrotechnics ...
... and iodide on the inhibition of radioactive iodide uptake by the human sodium iodide symporter. Thyroid. 2004;(12)14:1012-1019. ... Other strong anions found in the environment-such as thiocyanates, nitrates, and perchlorates-can compete with and replace ... Perchlorates affinity to NIS is 30 times greater than that of iodide, and perchlorate exposure raises concerns with regard to ... They interfere with iodine assimilation by competing for transport by the sodium iodide symporter (NIS) in the thyroid gland ...
Effect of internally loaded iodide, thiocyanate, and perchlorate on sodium-dependent iodide uptake by phospholipid vesicles ... Transport of iodide and other anions in the thyroid glands, Physiol. Rev. 44: 45-90.PubMedGoogle Scholar ... Effects of sodium on iodide transport in primary cultures of turtle thyroid cells, Am. J. Physiol. 250: E464 - E469.PubMed ... Iodide goiter and the pharmacological effects of excess iodide, Am. J. Med. 47 101-124.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar ...
sodium-iodide symporter Medicine & Life Sciences * Neoplasms Medicine & Life Sciences * Vesicular Stomatitis Medicine & Life ... NIS PROTEINS WITH ALTERED ANION SPECIFICITY. Lech, P., Peng, K. & Russell, S. J. ...
The typical DNA purification protocol uses high concentrations of chaotropic salts such as sodium iodide and sodium perchlorate ... 4,935,342 discloses purification of DNA by selective binding of DNA to anion exchangers and subsequent elution. U.S. Pat. No. ... Currently used chaotropes include sodium iodide (NaI), urea, guanidinium hydrochloride, sodium perchlorate (NaClO4), and ...
Urinary Perchlorate: Perchlorate is a polyatomic anion that can disrupt thyroid function by competitively inhibiting iodide ... similar to the action of perchlorate. Nitrate, thiocyanate, and perchlorate can reversibly bind to the sodium-iodide symporter ... Urinary perchlorate (ng/mL). English Text: Urinary perchlorate (ng/mL). Target: Both males and females 6 YEARS - 150 YEARS. ... Nitrate, thiocyanate and perchlorate interact additively to impair iodide uptake by the thyroid. Therefore, assessment of the ...
... similar to the action of perchlorate. Nitrate, thiocyanate, and perchlorate can reversibly bind to the sodium-iodide symporter ... Nitrate and thiocyanate are polyatomic anions that can disrupt thyroid function by competitively inhibiting iodide uptake, ... Urinary perchlorate (ng/mL). English Text: Urinary perchlorate (ng/mL). Target: Both males and females 6 YEARS - 150 YEARS. ... Nitrate, thiocyanate and perchlorate interact additively to impair iodide uptake by the thyroid. Therefore, assessment of the ...
Pendrin was initially identified as a sodium-independent chloride-iodide exchanger with subsequent studies showing that it also ... Pendrin is an anion exchange protein that in humans is encoded by the SLC26A4 gene (solute carrier family 26, member 4). ... goiter and a partial organification problem detectable by a positive perchlorate test. Pendrin is responsible for mediating the ... In the thyroid, pendrin mediates a component of the efflux of iodide across the apical membrane of the thyrocyte, which is ...
The suspension may also include 0.2% alcohol, dibasic calcium phosphate, docusate sodium, FD&C Red No. 40, FD&C Yellow No. 6, ... The perchlorate anion inhibits thyroid hormone (TH) synthesis via inhibition of the sodium-iodide symporter. ...
... perchlorate, carbonate, citrate, acetate, benzoate, oxalate, and borate ions. Of these, sodium, potassium and chloride ions are ... The alginate anion has a molecular weight of about 240,000 daltons which is too large to pass through the membrane. The donor ... bromide and iodide ions; as well as ammonium, phosphate, sulphate, ... The electrolyte in the polyethylene oxide electrolyte reservoir is sodium alginate. The sodium ions have a molecular weight of ...
... the sodium/iodide symporter (NIS), the key plasma membrane protein that mediates the active transport of iodide into the ... NIS also transports other anions, including the environmental pollutant perchlorate. In addition, her group recently identified ... Excess iodide induces an acute inhibition of the sodium/iodide symporter in thyroid male rat cells by increasing reactive ... She cloned the sodium/iodide symporter (NIS), a breakthrough in thyroid pathophysiology with ramifications for many other ...
anions (e.g., iodide, chloride, phosphate, sulfate, nitrate, nitrite, thiocyanate, cyanurate, and perchlorate), ... Sodium in dairy products. The sodium content of beverages is usually determined indirectly through a precipitation reaction ... Iodide, thiocyanate, and perchlorate in milk using Inline Dialysis. As mentioned above, ion analysis in milk requires ... With IC, all three ions - iodide, thiocyanate, and perchlorate - can be easily determined in a single run, even in milk ...
Perchlorate. Phosphate. Sodium. Sulfate. HPLC Separation of Inorganic Anions on Newcrom BH Column. View on hplc.cloud Condition ... Chloride, bromide and iodide were separated on a Primesep SB mixed-mode anion-exchange column. Mobile phase is compatible with ... Sodium Chloride, Sodium chloride, Sodium Chlorate, Sodium bromide, Sodium bromate, Perchloric Acid, Maleic Acid, Fumaric Acid, ... Five anions (chloride, bromide, methanesulfonate, nitrate and perchlorate) along with one cation (sodium) were separated in one ...
Slightly basic anions and perchlorates are soluble in water Amitava Das classify each of the alkali metals the! 1 ions and NH ... Look up compounds like calcium carbonate, barium sulfate, and sodium sulfate. State. Chlorides, bromides, and iodides are ... Solubility Rules Chart Negative Ions (Anions) + any anion + any anion + any anion + nitrate NO3- + acetate (CH3COO-) + - ... Solubility Rules Chart Negative Ions (Anions) + any anion + any anion + any anion + nitrate NO3- + acetate (CH3COO-) + - ...
NIS (sodium iodide symporter), 3) SLC26A4 ( 다기능성 anion exchanger인 pendrin 단백유전자 ), 4) thyroperoxidase (TPO), 5) dual oxidase 2 ... 2. Molecular genetic approaches of congenital hypothyroidism (CH). 11) PDT: perchlorate discharge test, PIOD: partial iodide ... sodium iodide symporter, SLC26A4: gene encoding pendrin (also known as PDS, Pendred syndrome), a multifunctional anion ... 갑상선종을가진환자에서 Tg가낮은농도를보이면서과염화수소방출검사 (perchlorate discharge test) 에서정상반응을보이는경우 Tg 유전자의결함을의심해볼수있다. 현재까지 Tg 단백의구조이상의원인이되는 52 ...
Then, an aqueous solution of sodium silicate is added to the reactor, which is then allowed to stand in the dark place in an ... an anion aqueous solution for co-precipitation as a nano-crystal and a cation aqueous solution are added, in that order. ... Next, the inside of the reactor is maintained in an atmosphere of nitrogen and sodium citrate as a dispersion-stabilizing agent ... Salts of inorganic acid containing lead-lead bromide, lead chloride, lead iodide, lead nitrate, lead phosphate, lead sulfide ...
... sodium, strontium, tin(II), tin(IV), zinc, or any combination thereof, and an anion may be acetate, amide, tartrate, borate, ... iodide, nitrate, nitride, nitrite, oxalate, oxide, perchlorate, permanganate, peroxide, phosphate, phosphide, phosphite, ... The salt may include a cation and an anion, for example without limitation thereto, the cation may be aluminium, ammonium, ... The apparatus of claim 66, wherein the saliva-producing substance is selected from the group consisting of sodium chloride, ...
The sodium-iodide symporter (NIS) is normally a transmembrane proteins that pushes iodide in to the thyroid; additionally, it ... Perchlorate is a naturally occurring inorganic anion used while an element. December 11, 2018 11:55 pm. \ Leave a Comment \ by ... The power of perchlorate to stop sufficient iodide uptake with the thyroid might have been decreased with the iodine-sufficient ... Introduction Perchlorate can be an inorganic anion found in solid rocket gasoline, explosives, and pyrotechnics (1). It forms ...
If high iodide position is constant, iodine transportation in to the thyroid cell lowers due to the lowers in sodium iodide ... Perchlorate inhibits energetic iodide uptake by competitively binding with NIS. Glucocorticoid inhibits peripheral T4 to T3 ... One suggested system is an aftereffect of the tri-iodine response that creates the tri-iodide anion, sequestering oxidized ... MAbs: monoclonal antibodies; NIS: sodium iodide symporter; SMLs: small-molecule ligands; Tg: thyroglobulin; TSHR: thyroid- ...
If high iodide position is constant, iodine transportation in to the thyroid cell lowers due to the lowers in sodium iodide ... Perchlorate inhibits energetic iodide uptake by competitively binding with NIS. Glucocorticoid inhibits peripheral T4 to T3 ... One suggested system is an aftereffect of the tri-iodine response that creates the tri-iodide anion, sequestering oxidized ... MAbs: monoclonal antibodies; NIS: sodium iodide symporter; SMLs: small-molecule ligands; Tg: thyroglobulin; TSHR: thyroid- ...
Clade I contains Clade I.1 sodium/iodide symporter (NIS)/apical iodide transporter (AIT)/sodium-coupled monocarboxylate ... as only half of the iodide uptake is inhibited by perchlorate, perchlorate-independent uptake through ingestion was proposed ... Clade I.2 invertebrate Na/anion transporter-like proteins and Dm II Drosophila Na/anion transporter-like proteins. (B) Clade I. ... sodium iodide symporter. PDD. hydrogen peroxide-dependent diffusion. ROS. reactive oxygen species. SSF5. sodium/solute ...
Perchlorate-a powerful oxidant used in solid rocket fuels by the military and a... ... Anion selectivity by the sodium iodide symport- er. Endocrinology 144(1):247-252. van Wassenaer, A.G., J.H. Kok, J.J. de ... two sodium ions are transported for each iodide ion. NIS has a very high affinity for iodide, which allows transport of iodide ... Iodide (I!) and sodium (Na+) ions are transported into cells via the sodium (Na+)/iodide (I!) symporter (NIS) in the ...
Blockade of hormone release : • Iodides, Iodinated contrast media. Radioactive Iodine 131 Anion Inhibitors : • Perchlorates, ... Administered as sodium I-131 orally. • Therapeutic effect depends on emission of beta rays - destroys the thyroid gland. • ... Anti-thyroid drugs ANION INHIBITORS : • Monovalent ions like perchlorate, pertechnetate, thiocyanate can competitively block ... Anti-thyroid drugs Potassium iodide : Inorganic iodide • Anti-thyroid effect is not for long term as gland escapes from its ...
  • This transport depends on the TSH and on a sodium-iodide symporter (NIS), which is located in the membrane of the thyroid cells. (scielo.br)
  • A sodium/iodide symporter (NIS), also known as a sodium/iodide cotransporter or solute carrier family 5, member 5 (SLC5A5) is a protein that in humans is encoded by the SLC5A5 gene. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some anions like perchlorate, pertechnetate and thiocyanate, can affect iodide capture by competitive inhibition because they can use the symporter when their concentration in plasma is high, even though they have less affinity for NIS than iodide has. (wikipedia.org)
  • I know the perchlorate anion is preferred over iodide for uptake in human thyrocytes through the sodium/iodide symporter, and iodide inhibition can result in the reduction of thyroid hormone production critical for the normal growth and development of fetuses, infants, and young children. (acs.org)
  • Nitrate, thiocyanate, and perchlorate can reversibly bind to the sodium-iodide symporter (NIS) protein resulting in reduced iodine absorption by the thyroid. (cdc.gov)
  • She cloned the sodium/iodide symporter (NIS), a breakthrough in thyroid pathophysiology with ramifications for many other fields, including structure/function of transport proteins, molecular endocrinology, gene transfer studies, cancer, and public health (she has served on the Environmental Protection Agency's Science Advisory Board). (wikipedia.org)
  • Carrasco's research group was the first to clone, and extensively characterize at the molecular level, the sodium/iodide symporter (NIS), the key plasma membrane protein that mediates the active transport of iodide into the thyroid, the lactating breast, and other tissues. (wikipedia.org)
  • If high iodide position is constant, iodine transportation in to the thyroid cell lowers due to the lowers in sodium iodide symporter (NIS) mRNA, NIS proteins [11], and NIS uptake. (cylch.org)
  • In vertebrates, iodine accumulates in the thyroid gland by the action of the apical iodide transporter (AIT) and the sodium/iodide symporter (NIS). (biologists.org)
  • Commonly encountered environmental chemicals might augment the effects of iodine deficiency by competing for transport by the sodium-iodide symporter (NIS). (aappublications.org)
  • Potassium perchlorate is a competitive inhibitor of iodine uptake through inhibiting the sodium-iodide symporter on the thyroid follicular cell membraneThis results in a potential decrease in thyroid hormone synthesis including thyroxine T4 and tri. (virallistclub.com)
  • Primesep 100 and Primesep B columns connected in series allow the quantitation of sodium chloride and potassium bromide ions in one injection. (sielc.com)
  • The Primesep B column retains the chloride and bromide anions by anion exchange, and the Primesep 100 retains the sodium and potassium captions by cation exchange. (sielc.com)
  • 9. "Soft" Alkali Bromide and Iodide Fluxes for Crystal Growth. (vixenlights.com)
  • The The chloride (Cl-), bromide (Br), and iodide (I-) ions generally form soluble salts. (michigancenterfornursing.org)
  • 11) potassium sulfide 12) lithium bromide 13) strontium phosphide 14) barium chloride 15) sodium bromide 16) magnesium fluoride 17) sodium oxide 18) strontium sulfide. (geigercounter.it)
  • Perchlorate and other anions in the diet, ( nitrate , chlorate, bromide), smoking (thiocyanate) and in drinking waters compete with iodide transport to the thyroid, which can reduce production of thyroid hormones, increasing the risk of hypothyroidism if iodine intake is not adequate. (watertechonline.com)
  • NIS mediated uptake of iodide into follicular cells of the thyroid gland is the first step in the synthesis of thyroid hormone. (wikipedia.org)
  • The TSH can also regulate the iodide uptake at a posttranslational level, since, if it's absent, the NIS can be resorted from the basolateral membrane of the cell in to the cytoplasm where it is no longer functional. (wikipedia.org)
  • Therefore, the iodide uptake is reduced. (wikipedia.org)
  • Perchlorate is a polyatomic anion that can disrupt thyroid function by competitively inhibiting iodide uptake. (cdc.gov)
  • Nitrate and thiocyanate are polyatomic anions that can disrupt thyroid function by competitively inhibiting iodide uptake, similar to the action of perchlorate. (cdc.gov)
  • Nitrate, thiocyanate and perchlorate interact additively to impair iodide uptake by the thyroid. (cdc.gov)
  • The power of perchlorate to stop sufficient iodide uptake with the thyroid might have been decreased with the iodine-sufficient position of the newborns examined (median urinary iodide 125 g/L). Additional research is Mouse monoclonal to HK1 required to find whether JTP-74057 these perchlorate intake dosages result in any health results. (kn-62.com)
  • Such publicity is a wellness concern because sufficiently high dosages are recognized to impair thyroid function by competitively inhibiting iodide uptake (4, 5). (kn-62.com)
  • Provided the prospect of widespread contact with iodide uptake inhibitors (perchlorate, thiocyanate, and nitrate), characterizing the dosages of which thyroid organizations are observed is normally important, specifically for kids. (kn-62.com)
  • Perchlorate inhibits energetic iodide uptake by competitively binding with NIS. (cylch.org)
  • Using 125 I as a marker for total iodine influx, we tested iodine uptake via sodium-dependent transport versus PDD in embryos and larvae of the sea urchin Strongylocentrotus purpuratus . (biologists.org)
  • Furthermore, our data provide preliminary evidence that sodium-dependent iodine uptake via active transporter proteins is a synapomorphy of vertebrates. (biologists.org)
  • It is estimated that iodide uptake would have to be reduced at least 75 percent for months or more for adverse health effects to occur from abnormal thyroid hormone production. (watertechonline.com)
  • Perchlorate interferes with iodide uptake into the thyroid gland. (cpeo.org)
  • Additionally, perchlorate used in the eluent is classified as a hazardous chemical because it interferes with iodide uptake thereby causing hypothyroidism. (healthdocbox.com)
  • Therefore, assessment of the impact of perchlorate exposure on thyroid function should include assessment of nitrate and thiocyanate exposure. (cdc.gov)
  • Nitrate anion can also form endogenously. (cdc.gov)
  • This method is a quantitative procedure for the measurement of nitrate, perchlorate, and thiocyanate in human urine using ion chromatography coupled with electrospray tandem mass spectrometry. (cdc.gov)
  • Urine specimens from urinary perchlorate, nitrate, and thiocyante were processed, stored, and shipped to the Division of Environmental Health Laboratory Sciences, National Center for Environmental Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention for analysis. (cdc.gov)
  • Perchlorate can also form naturally in the environment and can accumulate in nitrate-rich mineral deposits mined for use in fertilizers. (cdc.gov)
  • Solubility Rules Chart Negative Ions (Anions) + any anion + any anion + any anion + nitrate NO3- + acetate (CH3COO-) + - Chloride (Cl Most nitrate (NO 3-) and acetate (C 2 H 3 O 2-) salts are soluble. (jeonjucj.kr)
  • Contact with perchlorate and various other NIS inhibitors (e.g. nitrate and thiocyanate) among lactating females could competitively inhibit iodide secretion into dairy and reduce iodide intake by JTP-74057 the newborn (12). (kn-62.com)
  • Within this research, we assessed perchlorate, nitrate, thiocyanate and iodide in 206 urine examples gathered from 92 newborns, ranging in age group from 1 to 377 times. (kn-62.com)
  • Solubility Rules Chart Negative Ions (Anions) + any anion + any anion + any anion + nitrate NO3- + acetate (CH3COO-) + - Chloride (Cl Your Mendeley pairing has expired. (zilliantinnovations.com)
  • Pseudohalides such as thiocyanate (SCN - ), hexafluorophosphate (PF 6 − ), and monovalent anions such as nitrate (NO 3 - ), chlorate (ClO 3 - ), perchlorate (ClO 4 - ), and perrhenate (ReO 4 - ) are also substrates and block iodide translocation by competition for the iodide binding and transport site of NIS [6,10]. (solvobiotech.com)
  • in addition, it increases vulnerability to the effects of certain environmental pollutants, such as nitrate, thiocyanate, and perchlorate. (aappublications.org)
  • The solubility of H and CO often used as fuel gases in high-temperature fuel-cells has been studied in the molten equimolar mixture (sodium + potassium) nitrate at temperature values ranging between 500 and 600 K. In both cases the plots log(/mol cm bar) against K/ … Compatibility of both the cation and anion are very high. (sqldicas.com.br)
  • 2. A solution of silver nitrate is combined with a solution of sodium chloride. (michigancenterfornursing.org)
  • a) sodium chloride and lead(II) nitrate. (geigercounter.it)
  • 40 . The kit of claim 38 , wherein the large anion is selected from at least one of trichloroacetate, tribromoacetate, thiocyanate, and nitrate. (google.ca)
  • Calcium Carbonate: CaCO3 Lithium Hydroxide: LiOH Sodium Nitrate: NaNO3 Magnesium Oxide: MgO Ammonium Hydroxide: NH4OH Silver Iodide: … ammonium chloride is Polar I'll tell you the polar or nonpolar list below. (themebeans.com)
  • Ionic & Covalent Compounds Worksheet Write formulas for the following compounds and classify as ionic (I) or covalent (C): lithium chloride I or C ammonium permanganate silver nitrate zinc hydroxide carbon disulfide iron(III) phosphate copper(I) iodide tin(IV) fluoride chlorate. (themebeans.com)
  • Sodium iodate (NaIO 3) is contained in crude Chile saltpetre (sodium nitrate, NaNO 3). (org.in)
  • In a written report from our group, newborns with higher urinary perchlorate and thiocyanate, and urinary iodide significantly less than 100 g/L acquired higher urinary TSH and T4 (7). (kn-62.com)
  • In keeping with these problems, contact with perchlorate and thiocyanate continues to be associated with elevated urinary TSH and T4 in newborns (7). (kn-62.com)
  • 6. The process as claimed in claim 4, wherein the chaotropic salt is a salt or a mixture of salts chosen from guanidinium hydrochloride, guanidinium thiocyanate, guanidinium iodide, urea, ammonium sulfate, sodium iodide, potassium iodide, sodium perchlorate, sodium (iso)thiocyanate and/or guanidium thiocyanate. (patentsencyclopedia.com)
  • none: Ammonium Ions NH 4 + none: Nitrates, acetates, chlorates, and perchlorate NO 3 -, C 2 H 3 O 2 -, ClO 3 -, ClO 4 - none: Binary compounds of halogens (X) with metals (M) MCl, MBr, MI, etc. (a) As we know that down the group ionic size increases. (sqldicas.com.br)
  • In the equation, Na + (aq) represents a hydrated sodium ion, or a sodium ion surrounded by water molecules, with the partially negatively charges oxygen atoms oriented inward toward the positively charged sodium ions. (upb.org)
  • The motivation for its preparation was the search for an anion which coordinates more weakly than the then-available ions hexafluorophosphate , tetrafluoroborate , or perchlorate . (wikipedia.org)
  • 1. Potassium ions are colorless and similar to sodium ions. (wikipedia.org)
  • If you look at the diagram carefully, you will see that the sodium ions and chloride ions alternate with each other in each of the three dimensions. (oocities.org)
  • The grouping up of the charged particles(cation & anion) to form a neutral atom is called recombination of ions. (citizendium.org)
  • Potassium Perchlorate is the potassium salt of perchloric acid and a member of the Hofmeister ions series with thyroid blocking properties. (virallistclub.com)
  • Negative ions are called anions . (wikipedia.org)
  • Ions with negative charges are called anions , while ions with positive charges are cations . (wikihow.com)
  • The charges for four ions are sodium (Na) +1, calcium (Ca) +2, fluorine (F) -1, and sulfur (S) -2. (org.in)
  • I. B. Obot, S. A. Umoren, and N. O. Obi-Egbedi, "Corrosion inhibition and adsorption behaviour for aluminuim by extract of Aningeria robusta in HCl solution: synergistic effect of iodide ions," Journal of Materials and Environmental Science , vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 60-71, 2011. (hindawi.com)
  • S. A. Umoren and E. E. Ebenso, "The synergistic effect of polyacrylamide and iodide ions on the corrosion inhibition of mild steel in H 2 SO 4 ," Materials Chemistry and Physics , vol. 106, no. 2-3, pp. 387-393, 2007. (hindawi.com)
  • We name the given compound by combining the names of cation and anion and eliminating the word ion from the names of individual ions. (leonawisoker.com)
  • Chlorate (ClO 3-), perchlorate (ClO 4-), and acetate (CH 3 COO - or C 2 H 3 O 2-, abbreviated as Oac -) salts are soluble. (jeonjucj.kr)
  • ABSTRACT: The molar solubility of sodium acetate was measured in binary mixtures of methanol, 1-propanol, acetonitrile, and water along with the density of their saturated solutions at 298.2 K. The molar solubilities span a range of nearly 4 orders of magnitude from 5.53 CAS number: 127-0-3. (jeonjucj.kr)
  • Iodate that has been known so far includes iodine iodide, iodic acid perchlorate and iodine acetate and so on. (chemicalbook.com)
  • Ionic Bonding chemical bonding that results from the electrical attraction between cations and anions. (powershow.com)
  • However, this array has a very specific composition completely dictated by the charges on the cations and anions. (oocities.org)
  • That is that the charges of the cations and anions must balance or 'cancel' out one another. (oocities.org)
  • How do you tell if a solution of KCIO 4 is acidic basic or neutral and how do you show the reactions for both the cations and anions with water if there is a reaction. (virallistclub.com)
  • You will be asked to learn more cations and anions and the nomenclature of acids in this tutorial. (boisestate.edu)
  • Pendrin was initially identified as a sodium-independent chloride-iodide exchanger with subsequent studies showing that it also accepts formate and bicarbonate as substrates. (wikipedia.org)
  • Solvay process cannot be used to prepare potassium carbonate because unlike sodium bicarbonate, Alkaline earth metal carbonates decompose on heating gives carbon dioxide and oxide. (sqldicas.com.br)
  • Certainly a highly toxic drug like anti viral Tamiflu won't do a fraction of the job sodium bicarbonate will do especially if it's combined with magnesium chloride and iodine as well as high levels of vitamin C. (cassiopaea.org)
  • Sodium bicarbonate/Sodium carbonate regenerant. (almodarresi.com)
  • Write the formulas for the following ionic compounds: 1) zinc bicarbonate Zn(HCO 3) 2 2) cobalt (III) phosphate CoPO 4 3) gallium selenide Ga 2 Se 3 4) strontium iodide SrI 2 5) titanium (IV) fluoride TiF 4 6) silver hydroxide AgOH 7) lead (IV) perchlorate Pb(ClO 4) 4 8) zinc hydride ZnH 2 (Neutral Compound). (almodarresi.com)
  • As a result of this active transport, iodide concentration inside follicular cells of thyroid tissue is 20 to 50 times higher than in the plasma. (wikipedia.org)
  • Once inside the follicular cells, the iodide diffuses to the apical membrane, where it is metabolically oxidized through the action of thyroid peroxidase to iodinium (I+) which in turn iodinates tyrosine residues of the thyroglobulin proteins in the follicle colloid. (wikipedia.org)
  • The lack of iodide transport inside follicular cells tends to cause goitres. (wikipedia.org)
  • 12 The NIS mediates the active transport of iodide into the thyroid follicular cells, making it available to iodinate dehydroxylated tyrosine for the first step in thyroid hormone synthesis. (aappublications.org)
  • All are soluble and have the sodium chloride (rock salt) structure, Because the fluoride anion is basic, many alkali metal fluorides form bifluorides with the formula MHF 2. (juanbarjola.org)
  • Chromatographic separation is achieved using an IonPac AS16 column with sodium hydroxide as the eluant. (cdc.gov)
  • A process for purifying DNA comprising 1) binding the DNA to a hydrated silica in the presence of water or physiological buffers in which the hydrated silica is prepared by refluxing silicon dioxide in sodium hydroxide or potassium hydroxide at a molar ratio of about 2:1 to 10:1 for at least about 48. (google.com)
  • Using iodine and sodium hydroxide solution. (org.in)
  • Iodine solution is added to a small amount of aldehyde or ketone, followed by just enough sodium hydroxide solution to remove the colour of the iodine. (org.in)
  • Inorganic anions and organic acids were determined on an anion-exchange high-capacity column optimized for organic acids using electrolytically generated hydroxide eluent and detected by suppressed conductivity detection. (healthdocbox.com)
  • 5) Be(OH)2 beryllium hydroxide Write the formulas for the following ionic compounds: 6) potassium iodide KI. (leonawisoker.com)
  • Rats were pretreated with compounds that alter thyroid function by different mechanisms: SK&F 93479 (an H 2-antagonist that enhances pituitary thyroid stimulating hormone drive by increasing thyroid hormone clearance) and propylthiouracil (an inhibitor … The basis of the perchlorate discharge test is: radioactive iodine is given to the patient. (angelofailla.com)
  • Potassium iodide can block absorption of radioactive iodine by the thyroid gland through flooding the thyroid with non-radioactive iodine and preventing intake of radioactive molecules, thereby protecting the thyroid from cancer causing radiation. (leonawisoker.com)
  • Measurement of urinary perchlorate is useful to assess recent human exposure. (cdc.gov)
  • In data from another National Health insurance and Diet Examination Survey, females with higher urinary perchlorate and urinary iodine significantly less than 100 g/L acquired higher serum thyroid rousing hormone (TSH) and lower thyroxine (T4) (6). (kn-62.com)
  • The use of AP and potassium perchlorate (KP) in both military and civilian pyrotechnics is well established. (acs.org)
  • B Potassium perchlorate KClO4 is a neutral salt. (virallistclub.com)
  • Potassium perchlorate is the inorganic salt with the chemical formula K Cl O 4. (virallistclub.com)
  • This is somewhat unusual phenomenon if one compares it with the unsmooth solubility trends observed, for example, for alkali metal perchlorates and trifluoromethanesulfonates [23]. (vixenlights.com)
  • So, for alkali metal chlorides, anion that is chloride here is fixed. (iavne.com.br)
  • iodide, the melting point decreases for the same alkali metal ion as the size of the halide ion increases. (juanbarjola.org)
  • Iodides the list above is useful particular alkali metal follow order! (arteglass.com.tr)
  • Thyroid human hormones synthesis depends, partly, on a satisfactory way to obtain iodide in the thyroid. (kn-62.com)
  • Iodide causes a transient reduction in thyroid hormone synthesis. (cylch.org)
  • 3,6-DIMETHOXY-4-(2-AMINOETHYL)BENZONORBORNANE SYNTHESIS: To a stirred solution of 25 g 3,6-dihydroxybenzonorbornane (from Eastman Kodak Company) in 200 mL acetone there was added 200 mg decyltriethylammonium iodide, 40 g of powdered anhydrous K2CO3, and 55 g methyl iodide. (textfiles.com)
  • Design and Synthesis of Some Imidazolyl Derivatives: Photophysical Studies and Application in the Detection of Anions. (zilliantinnovations.com)
  • Synthesis of N-phenylquinaldinium perchlorate. (scirp.org)
  • Synthesis of N-phenyllepidinium perchlorate. (scirp.org)
  • Nuclear-chemical synthesis was carried out in sealed glass ampoules containing the source of the phenyl cations (tritiated benzene), the nucleophile of interest and with an inorganic salt to serve as a stabilizing anion (KBF 4 , KI, KClO 4 ). (scirp.org)
  • A safer synthesis has since been developed, utilising the magnesium-bromine exchange reaction between 1-bromo-3,5-bis(trifluoromethyl)benzene and isopropylmagnesium chloride to generate the required aryl-Grignard reagent, which is then treated with sodium tetrafluoroborate . (wikipedia.org)
  • Preliminary results for the synthesis and anion recognition properties of hosts that have been modified from the initial design in order to improve on the selective binding of trigonal planar anions also reported. (tamuc.edu)
  • This compound is used as an iodide source in several organic synthesis reactions. (leonawisoker.com)
  • Her group also discovered that, although NIS transports iodide but not chloride (unlike chloride transporters and channels, which transport both), NIS also transports other anions, including the environmental pollutant perchlorate. (wikipedia.org)
  • Unlike WT NIS, which mediates symport of Na + and the environmental pollutant perchlorate electroneutrally, G93T/N/Q/E/D NIS, strikingly, do it electrogenically with a 2∶1 stoichiometry. (pnas.org)
  • Perchlorate is one of several anions that compete with iodide transport that can cause thyroid and indirect neurological problems in high risk persons at sustained, high enough doses. (watertechonline.com)
  • There are five perchlorate salts that are manufactured in substantial amounts: magnesium, potassium, ammonium, sodium, and lithium perchlorate. (cdc.gov)
  • Sb(NO 2) 3 antimony (III) nitrite HIO hypoiodous acid (NH 4) 2CO 3 ammonium carbonate LiC ℓO 4 lithium perchlorate HC ℓO 2 chlorous acid HCH 3COO acetic acid Au 3PO 3 gold (I) phosphite Cu 3BO 3 copper (I) borate HNO 2 nitrous acid H 3PO 3 phosphor ous acid Fnbnfjbmnjknykny. (leonawisoker.com)
  • The chloride ion / Ë k l É Ë r aɪ d / is the anion (negatively charged ion) Cl â .It is formed when the element chlorine (a halogen) gains an electron or when a compound such as hydrogen chloride is dissolved in water or other polar solvents. (michigancenterfornursing.org)
  • Perchlorate, with the chemical formula ClO 4 - , is an anion and a strong oxidizing agent because chlorine is in its highest oxidation state of +7. (watertechonline.com)
  • Perchlorate is a natural product of solar irradiation of chlorine species, found in minerals, and a commercial strong oxidizing agent used in explosives, flares, fireworks and as a rocket fuel component. (watertechonline.com)
  • The perchlorate molecule is structured such that the four oxygen atoms surround the central chlorine atom, effectively blocking reducing agents from directly attacking the chlorine. (cpeo.org)
  • Having shown that NIS translocates different substrates with different stoichiometries ( 3 ), here we now report startling changes in Na + /anion stoichiometry and anion selectivity uncovered by the molecular characterization of various amino acid substitutions at position 93 in NIS. (pnas.org)
  • Enhanced-selectivity in guest binding stems from a complexation-induced conformational change in porphyrin hosts upon anion binding to give porphyrin hosts with binding pockets for anions which match the anion guest's geometry. (tamuc.edu)
  • Anion selectivity was strongly affected, with no two channel variants sharing the same selectivity sequence. (wiley.com)
  • Linsdell & Hanrahan, 1996 ), only modest alterations of anion selectivity have been reported after mutagenesis (e.g. (wiley.com)
  • and the molecular determinants of CFTR anion selectivity remain unknown. (wiley.com)
  • Positively charged cations and negatively charged anions attract one another. (oocities.org)
  • The positively charged particles are called cations, the negatively charged particles are called anions. (citizendium.org)
  • An anion is negatively charged because it has more electrons in its electron shells than it has protons in its atomic nuclei. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • 3. The process as claimed in claim 1, wherein the binding matrix comprises an anion exchanger, a silicate substrate, a substrate of plastic and/or a chitosan-containing substrate. (patentsencyclopedia.com)
  • Drinking water, milk, and certain plants with high water content (e.g., lettuce) can be the main sources of perchlorate intake for humans. (cdc.gov)
  • Perchlorate releases from fireworks, road safety flares, the use of certain fertilizers, and natural sources of perchlorate in the environment have also been documented. (cdc.gov)
  • Inhibition of acetoacetic decarboxylase by anions. (springer.com)
  • K. Aramaki, M. Hagiwara, and H. Nishihara, "The synergistic effect of anions and the ammonium cation on the inhibition of iron corrosion in acid solution," Corrosion Science , vol. 27, no. 5, pp. 487-497, 1987. (hindawi.com)
  • The melting point of lithium halides for the same halide ion is lower than those of the corresponding sodium halides and then decreases as we move from Na to Cs down the group. (vixenlights.com)
  • The thermal stability of these hydrides decreases in which of the following order Solubilities of the halides, nitrates, carbonates, sulfates, and some perchlorates of all the alkali metals and alkaline earth metals in methanol at room temperature have been determined. (berivo.es)
  • The cations are retained by cation exchange and the chloride anion is eluted by ion exclusion. (sielc.com)
  • Solubilities of the halides, nitrates, carbonates, sulfates, and some perchlorates of all the alkali metals and alkaline earth metals in methanol at room temperature have been determined. (arteglass.com.tr)
  • [1] A Grignard reagent was prepared by reacting 1-iodo-3,5-bis(trifluoromethyl)benzene with magnesium metal in dry diethyl ether ( Et 2 O) to form 3,5-bis(trifluoromethyl)phenylmagnesium iodide, Ar F MgI where Ar F = 3,5-(CF 3 ) 2 C 6 H 3 . (wikipedia.org)
  • Pendrin is the protein which is mutated in Pendred syndrome, which is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by sensorineural hearing loss, goiter and a partial organification problem detectable by a positive perchlorate test. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1948, Wolff and Chaikoff demonstrated that finding a massive amount iodide ceased the organification from the thyroid cells in rats [7]. (cylch.org)
  • One suggested system is an aftereffect of the tri-iodine response that creates the tri-iodide anion, sequestering oxidized iodine and lastly lowering organification [8]. (cylch.org)
  • The discharge test was found to have a satisfactory specificity with supplement of 2 mg Kl, and was more sensitive to detect an organification defect than the standard perchlorate discharge test without Kl. (angelofailla.com)
  • Perchlorate discharge test ใช้ทดสอบ organification defect. (angelofailla.com)
  • We have recently reported that many euthyroid patients with a history of Graves' disease treated years earlier with methimazole (MMI) have a positive iodide (500 μg)-perchlorate discharge test (I-ClO 4 test), suggesting a permanent thyroid iodide organification defect. (angelofailla.com)
  • In the remainder of this document, perchlorates will be used to refer to the solid salts and perchlorate anion (or simply perchlorate) will be used to refer to the anionic species that is monitored in the environment. (cdc.gov)
  • Perchlorate (ClO 4 ) is the soluble anion associated with the solid salts of ammonium, potassium, and sodium perchlorate. (cpeo.org)
  • melting point 113.5 ℃and boiling point 184 ° C. The common oxidation states of iodine in the compounds are-I (iodide), + Ⅴ (iodate), + Ⅶ (periodate). (chemicalbook.com)
  • endobj … The best known of these compounds is sodium chloride, table salt. (iavne.com.br)
  • BASE (wikipedia) The first element in an Ionic compound's formula is usually a metal because ionic compounds consist of a cation and an anion binding. (themebeans.com)
  • Dec 24, 2017· Sodium can form many different compounds. (org.in)
  • Sodium chloride and sodium iodide are such two compounds that are sodium halides. (org.in)
  • We manufacture and export a variety of Iodine Compounds, Hypervalent Iodine Compounds, Cuprous Iodide, Sodium Iodides, Hypervalent Iodine with a variety of applications. (org.in)
  • Write the formulas for the following ionic compounds: potassium iodide. (leonawisoker.com)
  • The chlorides, bromides, and iodides of all metals except lead, silver, and mercury(I) are soluble in water. (jeonjucj.kr)
  • 86) ‎ . . N Category:Arsenic halides ‎ (Created page with 'Fluorides, chlorides, bromides and iodides of arsenic. (sciencemadness.org)
  • According to the first method, QA-PEI nanoparticles were synthesized by cross-linking with glutaraldehyde followed by reductive amination with octanal and further N-methylation with methyl iodide. (hindawi.com)
  • The second method is based on crosslinking with dialkyl halide followed by N-alkylation with octyl halide and further N-methylation with methyl iodide. (hindawi.com)
  • In the thyroid, pendrin mediates a component of the efflux of iodide across the apical membrane of the thyrocyte, which is critical for the formation of thyroid hormone. (wikipedia.org)
  • In order to secrete chloride across the apical membrane of the epithelial cells, the basolateral membrane has to establish a driving force for anion efflux via anion channels (e. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Various other possible systems will be the inhibitory aftereffect of high iodide focus on thyroid peroxidase (TPO) function and the forming of organic iodocompounds known as iodohexadecanal inside the thyroid gland [9]. (cylch.org)
  • Like other perchlorates this salt is a strong oxidizer although it usually reacts very slowly with organic substances. (virallistclub.com)
  • and to large intracellular organic anions ( Linsdell & Hanrahan, 1998 ). (wiley.com)
  • 10 0 obj The alkali metals consist of the chemical elements lithium (Li), sodium (Na), potassium (K), rubidium (Rb), caesium (Cs), and francium (Fr). (iavne.com.br)
  • Introduction: Alkali metals are six chemicals elements that make up group 1 (1a) of the periodic table namely, lithium (Li), sodium (Na), potassium (K), rubidium (Rb), cesium (Cs), and francium (Fr). (arteglass.com.tr)
  • Only under extreme situations of salt depletion or metabolic alkalosis, or with inactivation of the sodium-chloride cotransporter, are fluid and electrolyte disorders manifested in these patients. (wikipedia.org)
  • It can be formed from the sodium salt in diethyl ether in the presence of hydrogen chloride as sodium chloride is insoluble in diethyl ether, facilitating cation exchange. (wikipedia.org)
  • Methods: Mercury species (mg/l) were determined on a mixed anion-cation-exchange column optimized for metal speciation using a cysteine-perchlorate eluent and detected by absorbance at 210 nm. (healthdocbox.com)
  • The Dionex IonPac CS5A has both anion- and cation-exchange properties making it ideal for the separation of transition metal species. (healthdocbox.com)
  • Concentration Dependencies of Diffusion Permeability of Anion-Exchange Membranes in Sodium Hydrogen Carbonate, Monosodium Phosphate, and Potassium Hydrogen Tartrate Solutions. (americanelements.com)
  • Because sodium is a Group 1 metal and iodine is a Group 17 nonmetal, they will form an ionic bond to form the ionic compound NaI, called sodium iodide. (org.in)
  • When a cation forms a chemical bond ("ionic bond") with an anion, an ionic compound is produced. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • Potassium iodide is a metal-halide salt featuring an ionic bond between the potassium cation (K+) and the iodide anion (I-). Rule 1. (leonawisoker.com)
  • Potassium iodide is a metal-halide salt featuring an ionic bond between the potassium cation (K +) and the iodide anion (I -). It is used as a nutritional supplement in the human diet as well as in animal feeds. (leonawisoker.com)
  • A molecule of potassium iodide consists of one potassium cation and one iodide anion, which are held together by an ionic bond. (leonawisoker.com)
  • Simply because sodium chloride is inorganic salt and ionic in nature and soluble in protic solvents but not completely. (michigancenterfornursing.org)
  • Next, the inside of the reactor is maintained in an atmosphere of nitrogen and sodium citrate as a dispersion-stabilizing agent, an aqueous solution of MPS as a surface-modifying agent, an anion aqueous solution for co-precipitation as a nano-crystal and a cation aqueous solution are added, in that order. (google.com)
  • Then, an aqueous solution of sodium silicate is added to the reactor, which is then allowed to stand in the dark place in an atmosphere of nitrogen after agitation. (google.com)
  • [3] Salts of this anion are known as solids and in both aqueous and non-aqueous solutions. (wikipedia.org)
  • Perchlorate is soluble and very mobile in aqueous systems. (cpeo.org)
  • It is a transmembrane glycoprotein with a molecular weight of 87 kDa and 13 transmembrane domains, which transports two sodium cations (Na+) for each iodide anion (I−) into the cell. (wikipedia.org)
  • Potassium Iodide is the chemical name for the molecular formula KI. (leonawisoker.com)
  • Potassium Iodide KI Molar Mass, Molecular Weight. (leonawisoker.com)
  • In addition to I - , NIS also mediates the transport of other anions. (solvobiotech.com)
  • Perchlorate has been used medically to treat hyperthyroidism. (cdc.gov)
  • confirmed the onset, top, and length of iodide in hyperthyroidism. (cylch.org)
  • They administrated 120?mg of iodide (5 drops of Lugol's option three times each day) to eight sufferers with hyperthyroidism and discovered that T4 secretion decreased as soon as 12 hours after administration, reached a plateau PX-866 impact within 3.5C6 times, and caused a clear rise in serum T4 focus to thyrotoxicosis range within four or five 5 times after withdrawal of iodide [6]. (cylch.org)
  • Perchlorate was used to treat Graves' disease, hyperthyroidism , at doses of up to 1,000 mg/day. (watertechonline.com)
  • Metals will then lose their valency electrons forming cations and nonmetals will gain enough electrons to complete an octet forming anions. (oocities.org)
  • If electrons are gained, the ion is a cation and when electrons are lost, it is an anion. (yourdictionary.com)