Infectious diseases that are novel in their outbreak ranges (geographic and host) or transmission mode.
Infections or infestations with parasitic organisms. The infestation may be experimental or veterinary.
The medical science concerned with the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases in animals.
Animate or inanimate sources which normally harbor disease-causing organisms and thus serve as potential sources of disease outbreaks. Reservoirs are distinguished from vectors (DISEASE VECTORS) and carriers, which are agents of disease transmission rather than continuing sources of potential disease outbreaks.
Infections with bacteria of the genus LEPTOSPIRA.
Infection caused by bacteria of the genus BRUCELLA mainly involving the MONONUCLEAR PHAGOCYTE SYSTEM. This condition is characterized by fever, weakness, malaise, and weight loss.
The presence of parasites in food and food products. For the presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in food, FOOD MICROBIOLOGY is available.
An acute infectious disease caused by COXIELLA BURNETII. It is characterized by a sudden onset of FEVER; HEADACHE; malaise; and weakness. In humans, it is commonly contracted by inhalation of infected dusts derived from infected domestic animals (ANIMALS, DOMESTIC).
A species of gram-negative bacteria that grows preferentially in the vacuoles of the host cell. It is the etiological agent of Q FEVER.
Infections or infestations with parasitic organisms. They are often contracted through contact with an intermediate vector, but may occur as the result of direct exposure.
Diseases of the domestic dog (Canis familiaris). This term does not include diseases of wild dogs, WOLVES; FOXES; and other Canidae for which the heading CARNIVORA is used.
Bacterial, viral, or parasitic diseases transmitted to humans and animals by the bite of infected ticks. The families Ixodidae and Argasidae contain many bloodsucking species that are important pests of man and domestic birds and mammals and probably exceed all other arthropods in the number and variety of disease agents they transmit. Many of the tick-borne diseases are zoonotic.
An infection caused by the infestation of the larval form of tapeworms of the genus Echinococcus. The liver, lungs, and kidney are the most common areas of infestation.
Acute VIRAL CNS INFECTION affecting mammals, including humans. It is caused by RABIES VIRUS and usually spread by contamination with virus-laden saliva of bites inflicted by rabid animals. Important animal vectors include the dog, cat, bat, fox, raccoon, skunk, and wolf.
Animals considered to be wild or feral or not adapted for domestic use. It does not include wild animals in zoos for which ANIMALS, ZOO is available.
A species of hydatid tapeworm (class CESTODA) in the family Taeniidae, whose adult form infects the DIGESTIVE TRACT of DOGS, other canines, and CATS. The larval form infects SHEEP; PIGS; HORSES; and may infect humans, where it migrates to various organs and forms permanent HYDATID CYSTS.
A genus of aerobic, helical spirochetes, some species of which are pathogenic, others free-living or saprophytic.
Animals which have become adapted through breeding in captivity to a life intimately associated with humans. They include animals domesticated by humans to live and breed in a tame condition on farms or ranches for economic reasons, including LIVESTOCK (specifically CATTLE; SHEEP; HORSES; etc.), POULTRY; and those raised or kept for pleasure and companionship, e.g., PETS; or specifically DOGS; CATS; etc.
Invertebrates or non-human vertebrates which transmit infective organisms from one host to another.
A genus of question mark-shaped bacteria spirochetes which is found in fresh water that is contaminated by animal urine. It causes LEPTOSPIROSIS.
Infections with true tapeworms of the helminth subclass CESTODA.
Animals kept by humans for companionship and enjoyment, as opposed to DOMESTIC ANIMALS such as livestock or farm animals, which are kept for economic reasons.
Laws and regulations, pertaining to the field of veterinary medicine, proposed for enactment or enacted by a legislative body.
Diseases that are underfunded and have low name recognition but are major burdens in less developed countries. The World Health Organization has designated six tropical infectious diseases as being neglected in industrialized countries that are endemic in many developing countries (HELMINTHIASIS; LEPROSY; LYMPHATIC FILARIASIS; ONCHOCERCIASIS; SCHISTOSOMIASIS; and TRACHOMA).
Diseases of the domestic cat (Felis catus or F. domesticus). This term does not include diseases of the so-called big cats such as CHEETAHS; LIONS; tigers, cougars, panthers, leopards, and other Felidae for which the heading CARNIVORA is used.
A north temperate species of tapeworm (CESTODA) whose adult form infects FOXES and wild RODENTS. The larval form can infect humans producing HEPATIC HYDATID CYSTS.
An order of parasitic, blood-sucking, wingless INSECTS with the common name of fleas.
A species of the genus BRUCELLA whose natural hosts are sheep and goats. Other mammals, including humans, may be infected. In general, these organisms tend to be more virulent for laboratory animals than BRUCELLA ABORTUS and may cause fatal infections.
Infections with viruses of the genus HANTAVIRUS. This is associated with at least four clinical syndromes: HEMORRHAGIC FEVER WITH RENAL SYNDROME caused by viruses of the Hantaan group; a milder form of HFRS caused by SEOUL VIRUS; nephropathia epidemica caused by PUUMALA VIRUS; and HANTAVIRUS PULMONARY SYNDROME caused by SIN NOMBRE VIRUS.
Infestations by PARASITES which live on, or burrow into, the surface of their host's EPIDERMIS. Most ectoparasites are ARTHROPODS.
Programs of surveillance designed to prevent the transmission of disease by any means from person to person or from animal to man.
The science of breeding, feeding and care of domestic animals; includes housing and nutrition.
Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.
Skin diseases caused by ARTHROPODS; HELMINTHS; or other parasites.
A tick-borne disease characterized by FEVER; HEADACHE; myalgias; ANOREXIA; and occasionally RASH. It is caused by several bacterial species and can produce disease in DOGS; CATTLE; SHEEP; GOATS; HORSES; and humans. The primary species causing human disease are EHRLICHIA CHAFFEENSIS; ANAPLASMA PHAGOCYTOPHILUM; and Ehrlichia ewingii.
Infections with viruses of the genus HENIPAVIRUS, family PARAMYXOVIRIDAE.
Laws and regulations concerned with industrial processing and marketing of foods.
The domestic dog, Canis familiaris, comprising about 400 breeds, of the carnivore family CANIDAE. They are worldwide in distribution and live in association with people. (Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, p1065)
Order of mammals whose members are adapted for flight. It includes bats, flying foxes, and fruit bats.
Domesticated farm animals raised for home use or profit but excluding POULTRY. Typically livestock includes CATTLE; SHEEP; HORSES; SWINE; GOATS; and others.
A genus of parasitic nematodes that occurs in mammals including man. Infection in humans is either by larvae penetrating the skin or by ingestion of uncooked fish.
Individuals with a degree in veterinary medicine that provides them with training and qualifications to treat diseases and injuries of animals.
The constant presence of diseases or infectious agents within a given geographic area or population group. It may also refer to the usual prevalence of a given disease with such area or group. It includes holoendemic and hyperendemic diseases. A holoendemic disease is one for which a high prevalent level of infection begins early in life and affects most of the child population, leading to a state of equilibrium such that the adult population shows evidence of the disease much less commonly than do children (malaria in many communities is a holoendemic disease). A hyperendemic disease is one that is constantly present at a high incidence and/or prevalence rate and affects all groups equally. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 3d ed, p53, 78, 80)
Sudden increase in the incidence of a disease. The concept includes EPIDEMICS and PANDEMICS.
Commonly known as parasitic worms, this group includes the ACANTHOCEPHALA; NEMATODA; and PLATYHELMINTHS. Some authors consider certain species of LEECHES that can become temporarily parasitic as helminths.
A genus of gram-negative, aerobic bacteria that causes BRUCELLOSIS. Its cells are nonmotile coccobacilli and are animal parasites and pathogens. The bacterium is transmissible to humans through contact with infected dairy products or tissue.
Living organisms or their toxic products that are used to cause disease or death of humans during WARFARE.
EPIDEMIOLOGIC STUDIES based on the detection through serological testing of characteristic change in the serum level of specific ANTIBODIES. Latent subclinical infections and carrier states can thus be detected in addition to clinically overt cases.
The suborder of aquatic CARNIVORA comprising the WALRUSES; FUR SEALS; SEA LIONS; and EARLESS SEALS. They have fusiform bodies with very short tails and are found on all sea coasts. The offspring are born on land.
Collection, analysis, and interpretation of data about the frequency, distribution, and consequences of disease or health conditions, for use in the planning, implementing, and evaluating public health programs.
A genus of ascomycetous mitosporic fungi in the family Orbiliaceae. It is used for the biological control of nematodes in livestock.
An acute infection caused by the RIFT VALLEY FEVER VIRUS, an RNA arthropod-borne virus, affecting domestic animals and humans. In animals, symptoms include HEPATITIS; abortion (ABORTION, VETERINARY); and DEATH. In humans, symptoms range from those of a flu-like disease to hemorrhagic fever, ENCEPHALITIS, or BLINDNESS.
A genus of very small TAPEWORMS, in the family Taeniidae. The adult form is found in various CARNIVORA but not humans. The larval form is seen in humans under certain epidemiologic circumstances.
A genus of the family RHABDOVIRIDAE that includes RABIES VIRUS and other rabies-like viruses.
A group of iron-binding proteins that tightly bind two ferrate ions along with two carbonate ions. They are found in the bodily fluids of vertebrates where they act as transport and storage molecules for iron.
A genus of the family PARVOVIRIDAE, subfamily PARVOVIRINAE, and containing the type species PARVOVIRUS B19, HUMAN.
A disease of cattle caused by bacteria of the genus BRUCELLA leading to abortion in late pregnancy. BRUCELLA ABORTUS is the primary infective agent.
A genus of parasitic nematodes that causes TRICHINELLOSIS in man and other animal.
Acute illnesses, usually affecting the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT, brought on by consuming contaminated food or beverages. Most of these diseases are infectious, caused by a variety of bacteria, viruses, or parasites that can be foodborne. Sometimes the diseases are caused by harmful toxins from the microbes or other chemicals present in the food. Especially in the latter case, the condition is often called food poisoning.
Helminth infection of the lung caused by Echinococcus granulosus or Echinococcus multilocularis.
Agents used to treat tapeworm infestations in man or animals.
Infection with roundworms of the genus ANISAKIS. Human infection results from the consumption of fish harboring roundworm larvae. The worms may cause acute NAUSEA; VOMITING; or penetrate into the wall of the DIGESTIVE TRACT where they give rise to EOSINOPHILIC GRANULOMA in the STOMACH; INTESTINES; or the OMENTUM.
Vaccines or candidate vaccines used to prevent and treat RABIES. The inactivated virus vaccine is used for preexposure immunization to persons at high risk of exposure, and in conjunction with rabies immunoglobulin, for postexposure prophylaxis.
An infection with TRICHINELLA. It is caused by eating raw or undercooked meat that is infected with larvae of nematode worms TRICHINELLA genus. All members of the TRICHINELLA genus can infect human in addition to TRICHINELLA SPIRALIS, the traditional etiological agent. It is distributed throughout much of the world and is re-emerging in some parts as a public health hazard and a food safety problem.
The MEDITERRANEAN SEA, the MEDITERRANEAN ISLANDS, and the countries bordering on the sea collectively.
Diseases of domestic swine and of the wild boar of the genus Sus.
A mammalian order which consists of 29 families and many genera.
Diseases of domestic and mountain sheep of the genus Ovis.
Diseases of domestic cattle of the genus Bos. It includes diseases of cows, yaks, and zebus.
Liver disease caused by infections with parasitic tapeworms of the genus ECHINOCOCCUS, such as Echinococcus granulosus or Echinococcus multilocularis. Ingested Echinococcus ova burrow into the intestinal mucosa. The larval migration to the liver via the PORTAL VEIN leads to watery vesicles (HYDATID CYST).
The transmission of infectious disease or pathogens. When transmission is within the same species, the mode can be horizontal or vertical (INFECTIOUS DISEASE TRANSMISSION, VERTICAL).
An infectious disease caused by a spirochete, BORRELIA BURGDORFERI, which is transmitted chiefly by Ixodes dammini (see IXODES) and pacificus ticks in the United States and Ixodes ricinis (see IXODES) in Europe. It is a disease with early and late cutaneous manifestations plus involvement of the nervous system, heart, eye, and joints in variable combinations. The disease was formerly known as Lyme arthritis and first discovered at Old Lyme, Connecticut.
Diseases of the domestic or wild goat of the genus Capra.
A suborder of the order ARTIODACTYLA whose members have the distinguishing feature of a four-chambered stomach, including the capacious RUMEN. Horns or antlers are usually present, at least in males.
A positive-stranded RNA virus species in the genus HEPEVIRUS, causing enterically-transmitted non-A, non-B hepatitis (HEPATITIS E).
Places where animals are slaughtered and dressed for market.
Diseases of rodents of the order RODENTIA. This term includes diseases of Sciuridae (squirrels), Geomyidae (gophers), Heteromyidae (pouched mice), Castoridae (beavers), Cricetidae (rats and mice), Muridae (Old World rats and mice), Erethizontidae (porcupines), and Caviidae (guinea pigs).
The domestic cat, Felis catus, of the carnivore family FELIDAE, comprising over 30 different breeds. The domestic cat is descended primarily from the wild cat of Africa and extreme southwestern Asia. Though probably present in towns in Palestine as long ago as 7000 years, actual domestication occurred in Egypt about 4000 years ago. (From Walker's Mammals of the World, 6th ed, p801)
The period of history from the year 500 through 1450 of the common era.
A family of hardbacked TICKS, in the subclass ACARI. Genera include DERMACENTOR and IXODES among others.
The use of biological agents in TERRORISM. This includes the malevolent use of BACTERIA; VIRUSES; or other BIOLOGICAL TOXINS against people, ANIMALS; or PLANTS.
Diseases in persons engaged in cultivating and tilling soil, growing plants, harvesting crops, raising livestock, or otherwise engaged in husbandry and farming. The diseases are not restricted to farmers in the sense of those who perform conventional farm chores: the heading applies also to those engaged in the individual activities named above, as in those only gathering harvest or in those only dusting crops.
Infection with nematodes of the genus DIROFILARIA, usually in animals, especially dogs, but occasionally in man.
Acute INFLAMMATION of the LIVER in humans; caused by HEPATITIS E VIRUS, a non-enveloped single-stranded RNA virus. Similar to HEPATITIS A, its incubation period is 15-60 days and is enterically transmitted, usually by fecal-oral transmission.
A general term for diseases produced by viruses.
A group of tick-borne diseases of mammals including ZOONOSES in humans. They are caused by protozoa of the genus BABESIA, which parasitize erythrocytes, producing hemolysis. In the U.S., the organism's natural host is mice and transmission is by the deer tick IXODES SCAPULARIS.
Notification or reporting by a physician or other health care provider of the occurrence of specified contagious diseases such as tuberculosis and HIV infections to designated public health agencies. The United States system of reporting notifiable diseases evolved from the Quarantine Act of 1878, which authorized the US Public Health Service to collect morbidity data on cholera, smallpox, and yellow fever; each state in the US has its own list of notifiable diseases and depends largely on reporting by the individual health care provider. (From Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)
Any of numerous agile, hollow-horned RUMINANTS of the genus Capra, in the family Bovidae, closely related to the SHEEP.
Time period from 1801 through 1900 of the common era.
Minute infectious agents whose genomes are composed of DNA or RNA, but not both. They are characterized by a lack of independent metabolism and the inability to replicate outside living host cells.
An infection of cattle caused by MYCOBACTERIUM BOVIS. It is transmissible to man and other animals.
Infections with unicellular organisms formerly members of the subkingdom Protozoa. The infections may be experimental or veterinary.
A mosquito-borne species of the PHLEBOVIRUS genus found in eastern, central, and southern Africa, producing massive hepatitis, abortion, and death in sheep, goats, cattle, and other animals. It also has caused disease in humans.
A plague-like disease of rodents, transmissible to man. It is caused by FRANCISELLA TULARENSIS and is characterized by fever, chills, headache, backache, and weakness.
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
Members of the class Arachnida, especially SPIDERS; SCORPIONS; MITES; and TICKS; which transmit infective organisms from one host to another or from an inanimate reservoir to an animate host.
Any of various animals that constitute the family Suidae and comprise stout-bodied, short-legged omnivorous mammals with thick skin, usually covered with coarse bristles, a rather long mobile snout, and small tail. Included are the genera Babyrousa, Phacochoerus (wart hogs), and Sus, the latter containing the domestic pig (see SUS SCROFA).
Immunoglobulins produced in a response to BACTERIAL ANTIGENS.
The practice of medicine as applied to special circumstances associated with military operations.
Acute respiratory illness in humans caused by the Muerto Canyon virus whose primary rodent reservoir is the deer mouse Peromyscus maniculatus. First identified in the southwestern United States, this syndrome is characterized most commonly by fever, myalgias, headache, cough, and rapid respiratory failure.
A species of the genus BRUCELLA whose natural hosts are cattle and other bovidae. Abortion and placentitis are frequently produced in the pregnant animal. Other mammals, including humans, may be infected.
An acute infectious disease caused by YERSINIA PESTIS that affects humans, wild rodents, and their ectoparasites. This condition persists due to its firm entrenchment in sylvatic rodent-flea ecosystems throughout the world. Bubonic plague is the most common form.
A genus of the family BUNYAVIRIDAE causing HANTAVIRUS INFECTIONS, first identified during the Korean war. Infection is found primarily in rodents and humans. Transmission does not appear to involve arthropods. HANTAAN VIRUS is the type species.
Domesticated bovine animals of the genus Bos, usually kept on a farm or ranch and used for the production of meat or dairy products or for heavy labor.
The presence in food of harmful, unpalatable, or otherwise objectionable foreign substances, e.g. chemicals, microorganisms or diluents, before, during, or after processing or storage.
The continuous sequence of changes undergone by living organisms during the post-embryonic developmental process, such as metamorphosis in insects and amphibians. This includes the developmental stages of apicomplexans such as the malarial parasite, PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM.
Infections of the INTESTINES with PARASITES, commonly involving PARASITIC WORMS. Infections with roundworms (NEMATODE INFECTIONS) and tapeworms (CESTODE INFECTIONS) are also known as HELMINTHIASIS.
Preferentially rated health-related activities or functions to be used in establishing health planning goals. This may refer specifically to PL93-641.
The largest genus of TICKS in the family IXODIDAE, containing over 200 species. Many infest humans and other mammals and several are vectors of diseases such as LYME DISEASE, tick-borne encephalitis (ENCEPHALITIS, TICK-BORNE), and KYASANUR FOREST DISEASE.
Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.
A species of gram-negative bacteria in the genus ANAPLASMA, family ANAPLASMATACEAE, formerly called Ehrlichia phagocytophila or Ehrlichia equi. This organism is tick-borne (IXODES) and causes disease in horses and sheep. In humans, it causes human granulocytic EHRLICHIOSIS.
Warm-blooded VERTEBRATES possessing FEATHERS and belonging to the class Aves.
Techniques used to carry out clinical investigative procedures in the diagnosis and therapy of disease.
Determination of parasite eggs in feces.
A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.
The science, art or practice of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raising livestock.
The etiologic agent of TULAREMIA in man and other warm-blooded animals.
Infections by bacteria, general or unspecified.
An immunoassay utilizing an antibody labeled with an enzyme marker such as horseradish peroxidase. While either the enzyme or the antibody is bound to an immunosorbent substrate, they both retain their biologic activity; the change in enzyme activity as a result of the enzyme-antibody-antigen reaction is proportional to the concentration of the antigen and can be measured spectrophotometrically or with the naked eye. Many variations of the method have been developed.
The interactions between a host and a pathogen, usually resulting in disease.
Immunoglobulins produced in a response to HELMINTH ANTIGENS.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
A chronic disease caused by LEISHMANIA DONOVANI and transmitted by the bite of several sandflies of the genera Phlebotomus and Lutzomyia. It is commonly characterized by fever, chills, vomiting, anemia, hepatosplenomegaly, leukopenia, hypergammaglobulinemia, emaciation, and an earth-gray color of the skin. The disease is classified into three main types according to geographic distribution: Indian, Mediterranean (or infantile), and African.
The white liquid secreted by the mammary glands. It contains proteins, sugar, lipids, vitamins, and minerals.
The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.
Agents destructive to parasitic worms. They are used therapeutically in the treatment of HELMINTHIASIS in man and animal.
In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.
The acquired form of infection by Toxoplasma gondii in animals and man.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
Infections with bacteria of the genus CAMPYLOBACTER.
The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.
Any of the ruminant mammals with curved horns in the genus Ovis, family Bovidae. They possess lachrymal grooves and interdigital glands, which are absent in GOATS.
The edible portions of any animal used for food including domestic mammals (the major ones being cattle, swine, and sheep) along with poultry, fish, shellfish, and game.
The status of health in urban populations.
Diagnostic procedures involving immunoglobulin reactions.
Countries in the process of change with economic growth, that is, an increase in production, per capita consumption, and income. The process of economic growth involves better utilization of natural and human resources, which results in a change in the social, political, and economic structures.
Diseases caused by factors involved in one's employment.
Excrement from the INTESTINES, containing unabsorbed solids, waste products, secretions, and BACTERIA of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
Insects that transmit infective organisms from one host to another or from an inanimate reservoir to an animate host.
Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of bacteria.
A genus of protozoa parasitic to birds and mammals. T. gondii is one of the most common infectious pathogenic animal parasites of man.
The application of molecular biology to the answering of epidemiological questions. The examination of patterns of changes in DNA to implicate particular carcinogens and the use of molecular markers to predict which individuals are at highest risk for a disease are common examples.
A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.
Immunoglobulins produced in a response to PROTOZOAN ANTIGENS.
Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
The degree of pathogenicity within a group or species of microorganisms or viruses as indicated by case fatality rates and/or the ability of the organism to invade the tissues of the host. The pathogenic capacity of an organism is determined by its VIRULENCE FACTORS.
The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.
Administration of vaccines to stimulate the host's immune response. This includes any preparation intended for active immunological prophylaxis.
Substances that reduce the growth or reproduction of BACTERIA.
A class of immunoglobulin bearing mu chains (IMMUNOGLOBULIN MU-CHAINS). IgM can fix COMPLEMENT. The name comes from its high molecular weight and originally being called a macroglobulin.
Immunoglobulins produced in response to VIRAL ANTIGENS.
Proteins found in any species of bacterium.
Diseases of non-human animals that may be transmitted to HUMANS or may be transmitted from humans to non-human animals.
Proteins isolated from the outer membrane of Gram-negative bacteria.
Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).
Procedures for identifying types and strains of bacteria. The most frequently employed typing systems are BACTERIOPHAGE TYPING and SEROTYPING as well as bacteriocin typing and biotyping.
Substances elaborated by bacteria that have antigenic activity.
The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.
The major immunoglobulin isotype class in normal human serum. There are several isotype subclasses of IgG, for example, IgG1, IgG2A, and IgG2B.
Naturally occurring or experimentally induced animal diseases with pathological processes sufficiently similar to those of human diseases. They are used as study models for human diseases.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.
US Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) and US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). "National Select ... Zoonoses. Categoriae celatae: *Pages using PMID magic links. *Pages using ISBN magic links ...
Other animals. Wild animals. Ebola has a high mortality rate among primates.[241] Frequent outbreaks of Ebola may have resulted ... "Zoonoses Public Health. 59 (Supplement 2): 116-31. doi:10.1111/j.1863-2378.2012.01454.x. PMC 7165950. PMID 22958256.. ... Animals may become infected when they eat fruit partially eaten by bats carrying the virus.[82] Fruit production, animal ... Blood samples were taken from 178 animal handlers during the incident.[249] Of those, six animal handlers eventually ...
Host animals[edit]. Lyme and other deer tick-borne diseases can sometimes be reduced by greatly reducing the deer population on ... "Zoonoses report UK 2009" (PDF). DEFRA. 24 January 2011. Archived (PDF) from the original on 3 November 2012.. ... Other animals[edit]. Prevention of Lyme disease is an important step in keeping dogs safe in endemic areas. Prevention ... Small Animal Practice. 40 (6): 1103-19. doi:10.1016/j.cvsm.2010.07.011. PMID 20933139.. ...
Lassa virus commonly spreads to humans from other animals, specifically the natal multimammate rat or African rat, also called ... Zoonoses. Hidden categories: *Webarchive template wayback links. *CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list ... Work on a vaccine is continuing, with multiple approaches showing positive results in animal trials.[23] ... Infection typically occurs by direct or indirect exposure to animal excrement through the respiratory or gastrointestinal ...
Zoonosis. References[edit]. *^ Ryan KJ; Ray CG, eds. (2004). Sherris Medical Microbiology (4th ed.). McGraw Hill. ISBN 978-0- ... and maintain systemic infection and chronic inflammation of the intestine of a range of histopathological types in many animal ...
Tenter AM, Heckeroth AR, Weiss LM «Toxoplasma gondii: from animals to humans» (en anglès). Int J Parasitol, 2000 Nov; 30 (12-13 ... Dubey, JP «Toxoplasmosis - a waterborne zoonosis» (en anglès). Vet Parasitol, 2004 Des 9; 126 (1-2), pp: 57-72. DOI: 10.1016/j. ... El bradizoït (del prefix grec bradýs=lent i del sufix zōo=animal) és la forma de replicació lenta del paràsit. No solament de ... Dubey, Jitender P.; Jones, Jeffrey L. Toxoplasma gondii infection in humans and animals in the United States -article de ...
Outbreaks of zoonoses have been traced to human interaction with and exposure to other animals at fairs, live animal markets[22 ... When humans infect other animals, it is called reverse zoonosis or anthroponosis.[9] The term is from Greek: ζῷον zoon "animal ... Zoonoses have different modes of transmission. In direct zoonosis the disease is directly transmitted from other animals to ... Veterinary medicine - Deals with the diseases of animals, animal welfare, etc.. *Wildlife smuggling and zoonoses - Health risks ...
Transmission routes are zoonosis and fomite. The 3' end of the genome encodes a polyA tail while the 5' end encodes a genome- ... The virus is transmitted from rodents to other animals. Severe epidemics have been seen in swine and elephants. Replication of ...
... and ferrets with reference to animal models.". The veterinary clinics of North America. Exotic animal practice. svezak 15 (broj ... Thoen C, Lobue P, de Kantor I (2006). "The importance ofMycobacterium bovis as a zoonosis". Vet. Microbiol. svezak 112 (broj 2- ... Exotic animal practice. svezak 15 (broj 1): str. 41.-55., v-vi. PMID 22244112. Cite uses deprecated parameter ,coauthors=. ( ... Wobeser, Gary A. (2006.). Essentials of disease in wild animals (1. izdanje izd.). Ames, Iowa [u.a.]: Blackwell Publ.. str. str ...
Unlike his German peers, Virchow had great faith in clinical observation, animal experimentation (to determine causes of ... "zoonoses".[61] He also introduced scientific terms such as "chromatin", "agenesis", "parenchyma", "osteoid", "amyloid ... Virchow's concept of pathology, comparison of diseases common to humans and animals ... comparison of diseases common to humans and animals). His most important work in the field was Cellular Pathology (Die ...
Palmer SR (2011). Oxford textbook of zoonoses : biology, clinical practice, and public health control (2. ed.). Oxford u.a.: ... Birds are thought to be the main animal reservoirs of influenza viruses.[226] Sixteen forms of hemagglutinin and nine forms of ... "World Organisation for Animal Health. Archived from the original on 30 April 2009. Retrieved 29 April 2009.. ... "Animal Viruses: Molecular Biology. Caister Academic Press. ISBN 978-1-904455-22-6. .. ...
a b c d Slobodchikoff, C. N. (2002) "Cognition and Communication in Prairie Dogs", In: The Cognitive Animal (pp. 257-264), M. ... The prairie dog ban is frequently cited by the CDC as a successful response to the threat of zoonosis.[39] ... From Josiah Gregg's journal, Commerce of the Prairies: "Of all the prairie animals, by far the most curious, and by no means ... Pilny, A.; Hess, Laurie (2004). "Prairie dog care and husbandry". Veterinary Clinics of North America: Exotic Animal Practice. ...
Reid JA, Weitz B (1961). "Anopheline mosquitoes as vectors of animal malaria in Malaya". Ann Trop Med Parasitol. 55: 180-6. ... This observation led Coatney to declare that monkey malaria is a "true zoonosis." Prior to arranging the surveyor's treatment, ...
Thoen, C., Lobue, P., de Kantor, I. The importance of Mycobacterium bovis as a zoonosis. Veterinary Microbiology. 2006, roč. ... Pearce-Duvet, J. The origin of human pathogens: evaluating the role of agriculture and domestic animals in the evolution of ...
An experiment in blue tits.". Journal of Animal Ecology. 81 (1): 87-96. PMID 21819397. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2656.2011.01889.x.. ... "Birds, Migration and Emerging Zoonoses: West Nile Virus, Lyme Disease, Influenza A and Enteropathogens". Clinical medicine & ... "Italian Journal of Animal Science. 4: 296-299. Archived from the original on 17 June 2013.. ... a b Hill, Richard W. (2012) Animal Physiology/ Richard W. Hill, Gordon A. Wyse, Margaret Anderson. Third Edition pp 647-678. ...
Mastitis in other animals has also been documented. S.dysgalactiae has been isolated from infectious polyarthritis in several ... Zoonoses and Public Health. 56 (4): 206-208. doi:10.1111/j.1863-2378.2008.01213.x. ISSN 1863-1959. PMID 19309483. Chirico, J.; ... Several different animal species are susceptible to infection by S.dysgalactiae, but bovine mastitis and infectious arthritis ... It is capable of infecting both humans and animals, but is most frequently encountered as a commensal of the alimentary tract, ...
Swabe, Joanna (2002). Animals, Disease and Human Society: Human-animal Relations and the Rise of Veterinary Medicine. Routledge ... Pasteur cultivated bacteria from the blood of animals infected with anthrax. When he inoculated animals with the bacteria, ... Pasteur has also been criticized for keeping secrecy of his procedure and not giving proper pre-clinical trials on animals.[44] ... Beverage contamination led Pasteur to the idea that micro-organisms infecting animals and humans cause disease. He proposed ...
This disease is considered to be a zoonosis (an infectious disease that is naturally transmissible from animals to humans), ... Dogs and rodents serve as the primary animal reservoir hosts in the sylvatic cycle, but people with chronic PKDL can also serve ... Current approach to diagnosis involves 1. demonstration of parasite by microscopy, in vitro culture or animal inoculation; 2. ... Besides humans, cutaneous leishmaniasis often affects other animals, notably in dogs as canine leishmaniasis.[3] ...
Other animals In October 2009, a ferret exhibiting flu symptoms was confirmed to have contracted the H1N1 virus from its owner ... Zoonoses and Public Health. 58 (7): 500-07. doi:10.1111/j.1863-2378.2011.01390.x. PMID 21824345. "H1N1-infected cat dies in ... The World Organization for Animal Health proposed the name "North American influenza". The European Commission adopted the term ... Top flu and animal-health experts with the WHO and the CDC were monitoring the situation closely. They said the infected ...
Inconsistency in breed classification and naming among registries means that an individual animal may be considered different ...
Australian Capital Territory: The dingo is listed as a "pest animal" in the Pest Plants and Animals (Pest Animals) Declaration ... 2000). Dogs, Zoonoses, and Public Health. Wallingford: CABI Publishing. p. 31. ISBN 978-0-85199-436-9. .. ... but has not been selectively bred similarly to other domesticated animals.[2][15] Therefore, its status as a domestic animal is ... which calls for a management plan for pest animals. The Nature Conservation Act 2014 protects native animals in national parks ...
The flea gets the bacteria as they feed on an infected animal, usually a rodent. Several proteins then work to keep the ...
Renquist, D. M. & Whitney, R. A.. Zoonoses Acquired from Pet Primates. „Veterinary Clinics of North America. Small Animal ... Nonhuman Primates: Research Animals. W: Animal Welfare Information Center [on-line]. United States Department of Agriculture. [ ... European Coalition to End Animal Experiments. [dostęp 2008-10-08]. *↑ IFAW: Born to be wild: Primates are not pets. ... W: Animal Diversity Web [on-line]. 2000. [dostęp 2008-08-08]. *↑ Introduction. W: Wright, P., Simmons, E. & Gursky, S.: ...
Macpherson CN, Gottstein B, Geerts S (2000). "Parasitic food-borne and water-borne zoonoses". Rev. - Off. Int. Epizoot. 19 (1 ...
Variola virus infects only humans in nature, although primates and other animals have been infected in a laboratory setting. ... Vaccinia, cowpox, and monkeypox viruses can infect both humans and other animals in nature.[23] ... Smallpox was not known to be transmitted by insects or animals and there was no asymptomatic carrier state.[23] ...
Thoen C, Lobue P, de Kantor I (February 2006). "The importance of Mycobacterium bovis as a zoonosis". Vet. Microbiol. 112 (2-4 ... Pearce-Duvet J (2006). "The origin of human pathogens: evaluating the role of agriculture and domestic animals in the evolution ...
Nomenclature of Giardia species is difficult, as humans and other animals appear to have morphologically identical parasites. ... Exner, M; Gornik, V (2004). "Parasitic zoonoses transmitted by drinking water. Giardiasis and cryptosporidiosis". ...
When humans infect animals, it is called reverse zoonosis or anthroponosis.[7] The term is from Greek: ζῷον zoon "animal" and ... Zoonoses have different modes of transmission. In direct zoonosis the disease is directly transmitted from animals to humans ... "Zoonoses and the Human-Animal-Ecosystems Interface". Retrieved 21 December 2014.. *^ http://www.who.int/zoonoses/diseases/ ... Zoonoses are infectious diseases of animals (usually vertebrates) that can naturally be transmitted to humans.[1][2] ...
The larvae mature in water or soil,[4] where they feed on organic material such as decaying animal and vegetable products. Fly ...
In other animals[edit]. Veterinary treatment of babesiosis does not normally use antibiotics. In nonhuman animals, diminazen ( ... Zoonoses. Hidden categories: *All articles with dead external links. *Articles with dead external links from October 2016 ... In animals, babesiosis is suspected by observation of clinical signs (hemoglobinuria and anemia) in animals in endemic areas. ... In nonhuman animals, Babesia canis rossi, Babesia bigemina, and Babesia bovis cause particularly severe forms of the disease, ...
The book will cover the most important zoonoses with a public health impact and debate actual developments in this field from a ... with zoonoses in domestic and pet animals, in wildlife animal species (including bats as an important infectious agent ... Zoonoses in food-chain and domestic animals: Focus on antibiotic resistance. * Front Matter Pages 377-377 ... Zoonoses in food-chain animals with public health relevance. * Front Matter Pages 1-1 ...
Zoonoses Zoonoses are diseases that are naturally transmitted between animals and humans. The following are major zoonoses that ... Fecal-oral is the primary route of transmission between animals and from animals to people. Animals are often asymptomatic ... Transmission is via direct contact with infected animals, exposure to blood and/or body excretions of infected animals, fomites ... Many animals including, dogs, cats, rabbits, ruminants and birds carry these bacteria. Pasteurella is primarily spread by bites ...
... and to develop strategies to protect animals from these diseases. Members in our laboratory study One Health, Aquatic Animal ... Tell is the Director of the Veterinary Drug Residue Laboratory and serves as the Regional Director for the Minor Use Animal ... Her laboratory uses a variety of animal models to study how two groups of zoonotic pathogens, non-typhoidal Salmonella and ... Many of the food animal related studies focus on drug residues and residue avoidance in the interest of protecting public ...
Companion Animal Zoonoses is a comprehensive resource on diseases transmissible between animals and humans. Presenting detailed ... Fulfords Companion Animal Zoonoses provides a fine resource on diseases transmissible between animals and humans and surveys ... alongside prevention information for both animals and humans. Companion Animal Zoonoses is an essential reference for ... Covering the complete range of companion animal zoonoses, each topic begins with information on etiology, geographic ...
... ... 1978)‎. Prevention and control of zoonoses and foodborne diseases due to animal products. World Health Organization. http://www ...
Zoonoses are diseases that can be spread from animals to humans, or vice versa. These diseases not only pose a major threat to ... in Germany is a Biosafety Level 4 facility where scientists conduct dangerous research on deadly viruses called zoonoses. ... Zoonoses: A bigger threat to humans or animals?. Zoonoses pose a major threat to humans. From malaria to rabies, they account ... One reason zoonoses are so deadly for animals is that some mysteriously dont hurt humans, even when we contract them. ...
... and client animals from three companion animal veterinary clinics and one animal shelter [47]. More than 45 persons and ... Pet ownership brings major well-being support and the risk of zoonoses is limited when good animal care and appropriate ... Social Environment and Control Status of Companion Animal-Borne Zoonoses in Japan ... Four independent investigations resulted in the testing of 19 human samples and ,200 animal samples; 18 persons and 36 animals ...
Zoonoses are diseases transmitted from animals to humans, or vice versa. But dont panic - taking the right precautions can ... Zoonoses are diseases transmitted from animals to humans, or vice versa. But dont panic - taking the right precautions can ... Leptospirosis infects domestic animals as well as livestock and wild or feral animals. The usual portal of entry is through ... It occurs in humans and dogs and occasionally in other domestic animals. Many wild animals and birds become sub-clinically ...
... have increased the risk of animal-to-human transmission of zoonoses. To control zoonosis outbreaks, the Japanese government has ... Although it is known that the total number of possible companion animal-borne zoonosis outbreaks decreased between 2005 and ... for the border control of zoonoses and has stipulated the monitoring and reporting of eight companion animal-borne zoonoses ... the number of zoonosis cases that can be attributed to transmission by companion animals remains unclear. Active surveillance ...
EFSA recommendations on the prevention and reduction of animal diseases transmissible to humans (zoonoses) At the end of last ... on infectious diseases transmissible from animals to humans (zoonoses) which affect over 380,000 EU citizens per year. Based on ... amongst the 11 zoonoses covered in the EFSA zoonoses report. EFSA recommends that good manufacture, handling and hygienic ... The 2004 EFSA zoonoses report was published in 2005 and provides data on the 11 zoonotic diseases identified according to ...
Multidisciplinary and Evidence-based Method for Prioritizing Diseases of Food-producing Animals and Zoonoses Marie-France ... Classification and regression tree analysis showing grouping of diseases of food-producing animals and zoonoses into 4 ... Multidisciplinary and Evidence-based Method for Prioritizing Diseases of Food-producing Animals and Zoonoses. ...
Human-Animal Medicine: Clinical Approaches to Zoonoses, Toxicants and Other Shared Health Risks On This Page ... Brown C. Human-Animal Medicine: Clinical Approaches to Zoonoses, Toxicants and Other Shared Health Risks. Emerging Infectious ... Brown C. Human-Animal Medicine: Clinical Approaches to Zoonoses, Toxicants and Other Shared Health Risks. Emerg Infect Dis. ... Brown, C. (2010). Human-Animal Medicine: Clinical Approaches to Zoonoses, Toxicants and Other Shared Health Risks. Emerging ...
The Zoonosis of Animal Parasites in Iraq X. A Confirmed Case of Human Ectopic Fascioliasis * F. N. Fattah, B. B. Babero, A. A. ...
Viral Zoonoses and Food of Animal Origin. A Re-Evaluation of Possible Hazards for Human Health. ... Viral zoonosis from the viewpoint of their epidemiological surveillance: tick-borne encephalitis as a model ... Molecular characterization of Borna disease virus from naturally infected animals and possible links to human disorders ... Viral infections transmitted by food of animal origin: the present situation in the European Union ...
Animal Health Institute Celebrates 19th Annual Pet Night on Capitol Hill. September 28, 2015. /by Rebecca Moore. Press Briefing ... PDF DOCUMENT: CQ-Roll Call Group Forum , The Connection Between Animal and Human Health; Agenda. VIDEO: Welcome Remarks, Alex ... In April 2010, AHI co-hosted a thought leadership panel discussion exploring the connection between animal and human health. ... Animal Health Institute Announces Judges for 2015 Cutest Pets on Capitol Hill Contest. ...
CURRENT TOPICS IN VETERINARY MEDICINE AND ANIMAL SCIENCE by S. Geerts. Buy a discounted Hardcover of Helminth Zoonoses online ... Trematode Zoonoses.- Zoonotic trematodiasis in South-east and Far-east Asian countries.- Observations on human and animal ... Series: CURRENT TOPICS IN VETERINARY MEDICINE AND ANIMAL SCIENCE. Audience: Professional Format: Hardcover Language: English ... The third chapter is devoted to trematode zoonoses with particular reference to the situation in South-east Asia, Senegal ( ...
Zoonoses). Find specific details on this topic and related topics from the Merck Vet Manual. ... Learn about the veterinary topic of Introduction to Diseases Spread between Animals and People ( ... Introduction to Diseases Spread between Animals and People (Zoonoses) By Anna Rovid Spickler , DVM, PhD, Center for Food ... Diseases passed between animals and people (called zoonotic diseases or zoonoses) present an ongoing public health concern. ...
Zoonoses - diseases of animals and humans. The real determinants of disease mortality…are….for….better or for worse - the gun, ... Thus, about 60% of new human infections originate in animals and are defined as zoonoses. Of the 1407 total species of ... Spanish , Avances médicos , Artículos y charlas , Zoonoses - diseases of animals and humans ... Experimental animals are also used to raise antibodies, and to determine the nature and characteristics of the infectious agent ...
Zoonoses and Communicable Diseases Common to Man and Animals, 3rd edition. Vol. I Bacterioses and Mycoses. *Product details ... All of these groups will find Zoonoses and Communicable Diseases Common to Man and Animals, 3rd ed. to be an invaluable ... Zoonoses and Communicable Diseases Common to Man and Animals, 3rd Edition is available in French at the World Organization for ... Zoonoses and Communicable Diseases Common to Man and Animals, 3rd edition. The three volumes are now available in electronic ...
Animals as carriers of disease Zoonoses Dog Diseases Communicable Diseases Dogs Public Health Communicable diseases in animals ...
... in the central nervous system or peripheral tissues of animals and humans. Mutations of the human PrP gene are linked to rare, ... These diseases can be transmitted by prions from affected to healthy animals by inoculation or by feeding diseased tissues. ... These diseases can be transmitted by prions from affected to healthy animals by inoculation or by feeding diseased tissues. ... can transfer metabolic and pathological phenotypes vertically from parent to progeny or horizontally between cells and animals ...
Oakland Park Animal Hospital is your local Veterinarian in Oakland Park serving all of your needs. Call us today at (954) 731- ... Zoonosis Zoonosis refers to diseases that can be transmitted to humans from animals. In particular, they occur when an infected ... Zoonosis refers to diseases that can be transmitted to humans from animals. In particular, they occur when an infected animal ... Fungal infections, such as ringworm, often develop in cats when they live in environments with a large number of animals. ...
RT @LeedsAnimalNet: An exciting workshop on the crossovers between disability and animal studies, happening next year @ ... The Anthro-Zoonoses Network is a research network for the anthropology of zoonotic and vector-borne diseases and promotes the ... from a range of backgrounds who are interested in drawing upon insights from the social sciences in the study of human-animal ... for the anthropology of zoonotic and vector-borne diseases and the promotion of the anthropological study of human-animal ...
Zoonoses in Companion Animals Veterinarians also have contributed to public health through the care of companion animals. Fifty ... emerging and reemerging zoonoses (14). Humans, animals, and animal products now move rapidly around the world, and pathogens ... animals, wildlife, exotic animals, and food animals. The expanding role of veterinarians at CDC reflects an appreciation for ... Animal health at the crossroads: preventing, detecting, and diagnosing animal diseases. Washington, DC: National Academies ...
"Zoonoses, Animal diseases that may also affect humans". Victoria State Government, Australia. 2007. Retrieved 2016-11-26. " ... "Emerging and Re-Emerging Zoonoses of Dogs and Cats". Animals. 4 (3): 434-445. doi:10.3390/ani4030434. ISSN 2076-2615. PMC ... Cats and other animals often can carry MRSA without being sick, but MRSA can cause a variety of infections, including of the ... A feline zoonosis is a viral, bacterial, fungal, protozoan, nematode or arthropod infection that can be transmitted to humans ...
Animal-Origin Viral Zoonoses Malik, Y. S. (Ed), Singh, R. K. (Ed) (2020) ... and reviews the importance and implications of animal origin viral zoonoses. It also highlights the … ...
Zoonotic Disease Highway Among the oldest but also most recently recognized illnesses are those infections maintained in animal ... Re: Zoonoses: Animal diseases affecting humans looking for a book on parasitic zoonoses by SC Parija ... Zoonoses: Animal diseases affecting humans Viruses, Animals & People: Travelers on the Zoonotic Disease Highway. Among the ... ancient, animal, animal diseases, animals, birds, development, development of, disease, equine, health, immune, importance, in ...
Zoonoses: animal-to-human diseases. May 2nd, 2016. Julia Day The STEPS Centre has a range of research projects and resources ... Project: Animal Disease Re-emerging transmissible transboundary animal diseases: comparing Rift Valley Fever with BSE. ... zoonoses. Related Projects. Emancipatory Rural Politics Initiative (ERPI). Zimbabweland: Zimbabwes Land Reform. Governance of ... which explore zoonoses (diseases that can be transmitted from animals to humans), offering new theory as well as practical ...
Animals infected with bacteria, viruses, parasites, or fungal infections can pass their infectious agent onto humans through ... Zoonoses are diseases transmitted to humans from animals. ... Zoonoses are diseases transmitted to humans from animals. ... Both wild and domesticated animals can act as disease carriers.. Farm Animals. Humans have raised animals for transportation, ... Wild Animals. Animals living in wild habitats transmit a variety of human diseases. Humans who hike in forested areas or spend ...
Zoonoses *Zoonotic poxviruses associated with companion animals Tack DM, Reynolds MG.. Animals. 2011 ;1(4):377-395.. ...
  • From malaria to rabies, they account for about 60 percent of all infectious diseases contracted by humans, and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimates that "3 out of every 4 new or emerging infectious diseases in people are spread from animals. (bigthink.com)
  • Among emerging or re-emerging zoonoses, viral diseases, such as rabies (mainly from dog pet trade or travel abroad), but also feline cowpox and newly recognized noroviruses or rotaviruses or influenza viruses can sicken our pets and be transmitted to humans. (mdpi.com)
  • Animals such as raccoons have adapted to urban conditions and are common carriers of rabies. (merckvetmanual.com)
  • Rabies is a viral infection transmitted to humans through the saliva (from a bite or scratch) from an infected animal-typically dogs, bats, foxes, skunks, raccoons, and other mammals. (news-medical.net)
  • In Cape Verde there are no known cases of rabies, the most dangerous zoonosis. (bons-amigos.at)
  • This is reflected in a wide array of activities, including research and control of infectious agents in meat and milk, rabies vaccination campaigns (both of wildlife and domestic animals), monitoring arboviruses and Lyme borreliosis in populations in wildlife, and hydatid disease control programs. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Some examples of zoonoses include ringworm, Salmonella infection , and rabies. (kidshealth.org)
  • Examples of zoonoses include HIV-AIDS, Ebola, Lyme disease, malaria, rabies and West Nile fever, in addition to the disease cause by the novel coronavirus 2019, COVID-19. (ilri.org)
  • For example, animal bites can cause rabies, contaminated food can cause salmonella , mouse droppings can cause hantavirus, ticks can spread Lyme disease , and mosquito bites can lead to diseases like malaria or West Nile virus. (kidshealth.org)
  • Some wild animals may carry rabies . (medlineplus.gov)
  • however, only diseases that routinely involve non-human to human transmission, such as rabies, are considered direct zoonosis. (wikipedia.org)
  • In direct zoonosis the disease is directly transmitted from animals to humans through media such as air (influenza) or through bites and saliva (rabies). (wikipedia.org)
  • The present manuscript analyzes and reviews the zoonotic pathogens that have recently emerged (or re-emerged) from our companion animals. (mdpi.com)
  • Over the years, CDC has worked closely with USDA and the Food and Drug Administration to improve the safety of U.S. foods and reduce antimicrobial resistance in pathogens that infect both humans and animals. (cdc.gov)
  • To improve preparedness for emerging and re-emerging zoonoses, we have developed techniques for rapid detection of new and emerging pathogens in animals to prevent their spread to the public as well as rapid risk assessment of potential microbiological hazards to adequately control new and emerging diseases. (wur.nl)
  • It develops tools to enable quicker and more reliable detection and characterisation of animal pathogens in domestic and wild species, as well as new typing methods. (anses.fr)
  • Knowing which animals could have zoonotic diseases proves challenging because both domesticated animals and wildlife may appear and act healthy and yet be carrying lethal pathogens. (habricentral.org)
  • Pathogens can also infect people when there is contact with animal saliva, urine and other body fluids or secretions, When fecal material is unintentionally ingested, infection can occur. (wikipedia.org)
  • Zoonoses are pathogens that can be transferred from animals to humans, such as Salmonella, Campylobacter, E. coli O157, MRSA. (vlaanderen.be)
  • Zoonotic diseases (also known as zoonoses) are illnesses caused by pathogens that spread from animals to people and from people to animals. (ilri.org)
  • Certain wild animals (including rodents, bats, carnivores and non-human primates) are most likely to harbour zoonotic pathogens, with livestock often serving as a bridge for transmission of the pathogens from their wildlife reservoir to their new human host. (ilri.org)
  • The two most common zoonoses in Western Australia are LEPTOSPIROSIS and Q FEVER. (shearingworld.com)
  • Dr. Chomel is a veterinary epidemiologist whose research is focused on the epidemiology of zoonotic diseases, especially Zoonoses transmitted by bites and scratches. (ucdavis.edu)
  • Covering the complete range of companion animal zoonoses, each topic begins with information on etiology, geographic distribution, epidemiology, and pathophysiology. (wiley.com)
  • Although the life cycles of most helminths of zoonotic importance are well known, there are still major gaps in our knowledge especially in the fields of epidemiology, diagnosis and treat- ment The International Colloquium on Helminth Zoonoses held at the Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, 11-12 December 1986, laid emphasis on more recent advances made in the control and epidemiology of these zoonotic diseases. (booktopia.com.au)
  • We offer more insight into the epidemiology, transmission and pathogenesis of zoonoses in animal and human cases. (wur.nl)
  • This fatal viral disease is usually transmitted through the saliva and bite of a rabid animal. (animalwellnessmagazine.com)
  • This book is the second volume in the series Livestock Diseases and Management, and reviews the importance and implications of animal origin viral zoonoses. (springer.com)
  • Further, the book reviews various measures for controlling viral zoonoses and examines novel therapeutic and prophylactic strategies. (pdflibrary.net)
  • This book describes the precise and up-to-date information on zoonotic animal viral diseases which have emerged in the recent past or are re-emerging due to several complex environmental factors. (pdflibrary.net)
  • Decisively, the chapters delineate current day information on the emergence and circulation of zoonotic animal viral diseases with a focus on the virus, diseases, hosts, diagnostics, prophylactics, and therapeutics. (pdflibrary.net)
  • A feline zoonosis is a viral, bacterial, fungal, protozoan, nematode or arthropod infection that can be transmitted to humans from the domesticated cat, Felis catus. (wikipedia.org)
  • We conducted a serologic survey of four high-priority pig-associated viral zoonoses, Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV), hepatitis E virus (HEV), Nipah virus (NiV), and swine influenza virus (SIV), in Laos. (ajtmh.org)
  • Nearly twenty species of Leishmania, often responsible for severely disfiguring lesions in humans, are parasites of a variety of animals including sloths, gerbils, hyrax species and domestic dogs. (animalresearch.info)
  • In particular, they occur when an infected animal passes on bacteria, parasites, fungi or viruses to humans through scratches, saliva, feces and urine. (oaklandparkanimalhospital.com)
  • Animals infected with bacteria, viruses, parasites, or fungal infections can pass their infectious agent onto humans through bites or skin abrasions. (news-medical.net)
  • There are more than 200 zoonoses caused by all types of bacteria, parasites, fungi, and viruses. (slideshare.net)
  • Zoonotic diseases can be caused by organisms such as viruses, bacteria, parasites, and fungi, and it is estimated that more than 60% of infectious diseases of humans are spread from animals. (habricentral.org)
  • There are more than 200 different kinds of zoonoses (plural of zoonosis) caused by viruses, bacteria, parasites, fungi, and other things. (kidshealth.org)
  • Though they may be cute and cuddly, wild animals may carry germs, viruses, and parasites. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Great review on parasites for small animal vets. (wcea.education)
  • Caused by salmonella bacteria, this disease commonly afflicts people and animals with gastrointestinal symptoms (fever, abdominal cramps, diarrhea). (animalwellnessmagazine.com)
  • Keep in mind that salmonella bacteria are everywhere, and most of us and our animals harbor them at once time or another, with no ill effects. (animalwellnessmagazine.com)
  • The EFSA Opinion stresses the need for further clarification on the role of contaminated water in causing zoonotic diseases and foodborne outbreaks and identifies contaminated animal feed as an important route for introducing Salmonella into livestock. (europa.eu)
  • People with weakened immune systems, such as those with AIDS (acquired immune deficiency syndrome) are much more likely to get diseases from animals, including tuberculosis and foodborne Salmonella infections. (merckvetmanual.com)
  • Farm animals are also responsible for a range of other infections including salmonella from poultry and pigs, ringworm from cattle and horses, and anthrax from sheep, goats, pigs, and cattle. (news-medical.net)
  • Salmonella enterica is a zoonotic pathogen that has been isolated from free-ranging marine mammals throughout the world, with animals in the Channel Islands of California (USA) showing the highest prevalence. (int-res.com)
  • The goal of this study was to determine prevalence, antimicrobial sensitivity and genetic similarity using pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) of Salmonella in several non-domestic animal species on San Miguel and San Nicolas Islands. (int-res.com)
  • Researchers and veterinarians should exercise increased caution when working with these animals due to the zoonotic potential of Salmonella . (int-res.com)
  • Resistance in zoonotic Salmonella and Campylobacter from humans, animals and food, and resistance in indicator Escherichia coli as well as meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in animals and food were addressed, and temporal trends assessed. (europa.eu)
  • Antimicrobial resistance genes, cassettes, and plasmids present in Salmonella enterica associated with United States food animals. (usda.gov)
  • Antimicrobial resistance in zoonotic bacteria found in food producing animals is identified in the Opinion as a public health concern. (europa.eu)
  • Infections With Multidrug-Resistant Bacteria-Has the Post-Antibiotic Era Arrived in Companion Animals? (springer.com)
  • Although we usually think of infectious diseases being restricted to particular hosts, ie human infections being restricted to humans, canine infections only affecting dogs, and so on, whenever people come into close contact with animals, either in the wild or domestically, there is the potential for a pathogen to jump the species barrier. (animalresearch.info)
  • Thus, about 60% of new human infections originate in animals and are defined as zoonoses. (animalresearch.info)
  • Fungal infections, such as ringworm, often develop in cats when they live in environments with a large number of animals. (oaklandparkanimalhospital.com)
  • Among the oldest but also most recently recognized illnesses are those infections maintained in animal populations but transmitted to people. (vetelib.com)
  • 2 Although there are many benefits to experiences with animals outside the home, contact with animals in public settings also can be associated with significant risks to children, including infections and injuries. (aappublications.org)
  • To identify original research publications and review articles dealing with infections, injury, and allergies in children resulting from nontraditional pets, including exotic animals, in the home and from animals in public settings, a search of the National Library of Medicine's Medline database was performed by using PubMed, and the Cochrane Library was searched for articles published between 1975 and 2007. (aappublications.org)
  • Studies were assessed as to whether they should be included in this review on the basis of their reporting or summarizing original data that examined infections or injuries in children resulting from nontraditional pets in the home or animals in public settings. (aappublications.org)
  • Zoonoses are diseases or infections naturally transmissible directly or indirectly between animals and humans. (slideshare.net)
  • Cats and other animals often can carry MRSA without being sick, but MRSA can cause a variety of infections, including of the skin, respiratory tract, and urinary tract of people. (wikipedia.org)
  • Human and animal infections by vaccinia-like viruses in the state of Rio de Janeiro: a novel expanding zoonosis. (bvsalud.org)
  • Since 1999, vesicular infections caused by Orthopoxvirus in humans and animals , mainly in dairy cattle , have been identified in 20 municipalities in the Rio de Janeiro state of Brazil . (bvsalud.org)
  • In other regions of the Rio de Janeiro state , vesicular/pustular infections in animals and humans are suspected but these have not yet been confirmed. (bvsalud.org)
  • Zoonoses (zoo NO seez) are infections that people can get from animals. (nationwidechildrens.org)
  • There are specific tests to diagnose the various diseases and infections that can come from zoonoses. (nationwidechildrens.org)
  • Both infected humans and animals may show no signs at all, or develop illness characterized by diarrhea, abdominal pain, anorexia, lethargy and weight loss. (rochester.edu)
  • Epidemics: pathways of disease and response Epidemics emerge from changes in behaviour, land use, and interactions between humans and animals. (steps-centre.org)
  • There are several sorts of skin fungi, likewise important for humans and animals. (bons-amigos.at)
  • The seventh chapter broaches the allergic conditions resulting from the interactions between humans and animals. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The next chapter reviews the effects of exposure to toxic hazards on humans and animals. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The chapter 13 discusses with the role of public health agencies in the prevention and management of health risks for humans and animals. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Anthrax in humans and animals. (who.int)
  • A]s the world's population edges towards 8 billion, rampant development is putting humans and animals in increasingly close quarters, making it easier for diseases to vault between species. (ilri.org)
  • Humans can also contract a zoonotic disease through accidental ingestion of meat, vegetables, or dairy products contaminated with the infectious agent or animal waste. (news-medical.net)
  • A zoonotic disease is defined as a disease that can be transmitted to humans from animals. (southtownsanimalhospital.com)
  • Persons with specific medical conditions such as a chronic illness, immunodeficiency and pregnancy may be at higher risk of developing disease or complications from a zoonotic disease and should consult with their physician before working with animals. (wsu.edu)
  • Any animal with diarrhea should be suspected of having a zoonotic disease. (wsu.edu)
  • Zoonotic disease or zoonoses are terms used to describe an infection or disease that can be transmitted from an animal to a human being. (vcahospitals.com)
  • Many organisms (such as bacteria and viruses) that infect animals can also cause disease in people. (merckvetmanual.com)
  • The consumption of "forest foods" such as bush meat provides ideal conditions for viruses to cross from animals to humans. (animalresearch.info)
  • In the current compilation on "Animal-origin Zoonotic Viruses," we intend to deliver a conversant resource in this area. (pdflibrary.net)
  • Development of new diagnostic and prevention methods for major animal viruses (foot and mouth disease, bluetongue, equine viruses, etc. (anses.fr)
  • Host genetics plays an important role in determining which animal viruses will be able to make copies of themselves in the human body. (wikipedia.org)
  • Dangerous animal viruses are those that require few mutations to begin replicating themselves in human cells. (wikipedia.org)
  • Animals are often asymptomatic carriers of these organisms, acting as a source of infection but not demonstrating any clinical signs themselves. (rochester.edu)
  • The route of infection in humans in the laboratory animal facility can be contamination of wounds and mucous membranes, and inhalation of Brucella containing aerosols. (rochester.edu)
  • Most of Dr. Chomel's recent work has focused on cat scratch disease in its feline reservoir and has expanded to wildlife infection by Bartonella as a potential source of animal and human infection. (ucdavis.edu)
  • The source of infection in humans is usually direct or indirect contact with the urine of an infected animal. (animalwellnessmagazine.com)
  • Infection in nature is endemic and transferred from animal to animal by direct contact. (animalwellnessmagazine.com)
  • The most important maintenance hosts are small mammals, which may transfer infection to farm animals, dogs and humans. (animalwellnessmagazine.com)
  • Many wild animals and birds become sub-clinically infected and serve as reservoirs for deer tick infection. (animalwellnessmagazine.com)
  • Disease can also be spread through scratches or bites by a pet, or by insects that carry the infection from animals to humans. (merckvetmanual.com)
  • Since E. coli naturally reside in the animal gut, human infection with E. coli typically occurs by ingesting animal products that have come into contact with feces from an infected animal, or by ingesting vegetables irrigated with feces-contaminated water. (news-medical.net)
  • Rat Bite Fever caused by Streptobacillus moniliformis or Spirillum minus is a bacterial infection of rodents that is transmitted through bites, scratches, direct contact with animals and their urine, saliva and feces or ingestion of contaminated food or water. (wsu.edu)
  • The disease agents are typically shed in the urine of infected animals and people acquire the infection by inhalation, oral ingestion and direct contact with contaminated urine or feces. (wsu.edu)
  • Is Escherichia coli urinary tract infection a zoonosis? (forskningsdatabasen.dk)
  • Recently, it has been suggested that the Escherichia coli causing urinary tract infection (UTI) may come from meat and animals. (forskningsdatabasen.dk)
  • We perform trials to study housing, animal welfare, infection pressure, feed trials and efficiency, and the development of feed additives. (vlaanderen.be)
  • Contact with young animals (puppies, kittens) means a higher risk of infection. (nationwidechildrens.org)
  • The treatment for zoonoses depends on the type of infection. (nationwidechildrens.org)
  • If your child has an infection from a zoonoses, the child's doctor or nurse will give you any special instructions on diet or activity. (nationwidechildrens.org)
  • Hantavirus infection is classified as both an emerging infectious disease and a zoonosis (disease transmitted from animals to humans). (encyclopedia.com)
  • The organism is found in the feces of many species of animals including dogs, cats, rodents and nonhuman primates. (rochester.edu)
  • Contact with the animal itself is one way that disease is spread, but other ways include contact with urine, feces, or respiratory secretions of an infected animal, or contact with other items in the animal's environment. (merckvetmanual.com)
  • The eggs of the parasite are released with an animal´s feces, and develop into infectious larvae. (bons-amigos.at)
  • Keep away from wild animals: you and your pet can catch diseases from wild animals and their feces. (gc.ca)
  • Also, recognizing and avoiding possible contaminated soil and plants and keeping play areas and lawns free of animal feces helps avoid human contraction of roundworms and hookworms. (infectioncontroltoday.com)
  • Bacterial zoonoses include bacteria transmitted by bites or scratches, such as pasteurellosis or cat scratch disease, leading to severe clinical manifestations in people because of their age or immune status and also because of our closeness, not to say intimacy, with our pets. (mdpi.com)
  • The book includes a particularly useful section on immunocompromised persons and their exposure to animals and another one on animal bites. (cdc.gov)
  • All potential hazards intrinsic to or inherent in animal use have been identified and evaluated (i.e. animal bites, chemical cleaning agents, allergens, and zoonoses). (uaf.edu)
  • Prevent mosquito bites by using a repellent containing DEET, but do not use DEET on animals or allow them to chew or play with containers of repellent. (southtownsanimalhospital.com)
  • Statistics generated by the state of Ohio document that cat bites make up about 20 percent of all animal bites each year. (wikipedia.org)
  • Thirty-four snake species were reported as responsible for bites in domestic animals. (ilri.org)
  • Many zoonoses can be prevented by following rules for safe food preparation, drinking only bottled or treated water, washing hands after touching animals, keeping pets healthy and up to date on their shots, following precautions to prevent mosquito or tick bites and staying away from wild animals. (kidshealth.org)
  • Deer ticks spread the bacteria from animal to human when first feeding on the blood of deer, mice, squirrels, or bats and then biting a human. (news-medical.net)
  • With increasing concern about the emergence and spread of resistant bacteria, there is an increasing motivation to optimize antimicrobial use administrations in animal agriculture. (usda.gov)
  • In contrast to the severe systemic illness this zoonoses it causes in humans, Lyme disease causes acute or sub-acute arthritis in dogs. (animalwellnessmagazine.com)
  • The following are major zoonoses that can be transmitted from commonly used laboratory animals to humans. (rochester.edu)
  • Most of the major zoonoses are covered, but there are some omissions, e.g. babesiosis, simian malaria, and filariasis. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Companion Animal Zoonoses is an essential reference for practicing veterinarians, public health veterinarians, and veterinary students. (wiley.com)
  • Diseases passed between animals and people (called zoonotic diseases or zoonoses) present an ongoing public health concern. (merckvetmanual.com)
  • Veterinarians also have contributed to public health through the care of companion animals. (cdc.gov)
  • These approaches perfectly fit our mission to contribute to welfare and prosperity by safeguarding animal and public health. (wur.nl)
  • It is still internationally renowned today and carries out critical missions for France and Europe in the field of animal health and public health. (anses.fr)
  • Although noncommunicable diseases have caused a considerable burden on public health worldwide, infectious and parasitic diseases are still responsible for an unfathomable impact on human and animal health. (biomedcentral.com)
  • This concept invites public health professionals, human health and veterinary clinicians to adopt a global approach when dealing with health risks resulting from human-animal interactions. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Veterinary public health, in the first place, grows from its relationship to food production, usually by investigating and controlling animal diseases that threaten either food supplies or animal transportation and labor, which are essential elements in food production throughout much of the world. (encyclopedia.com)
  • In many parts of the world, veterinarians, because of their knowledge of animal diseases, as well as the ecological, economic, and human cultural contexts of these diseases, have been instrumental in developing and implementing new methods of promoting sustainable public health that are ecosystemically grounded, culturally feasible, and economically realistic. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Zoonotic fungi can be naturally transmitted between animals and humans, and in some cases cause significant public health problems. (infection.vet)
  • This evidence-based practice manual is designed to help you manage a wide range of clinical problems at the intersection of human and animal health, with practical steps for implementing the concept of "One Health" in daily practice of human and veterinary medicine and public health. (canarydatabase.org)
  • Zoonotic diseases could pose a risk to animals, producers, public health and livestock markets. (drovers.com)
  • Data released today by the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) and European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reveal that antimicrobials used to treat diseases that can be transmitted between animals and humans, such as campylobacteriosis and salmonellosis, are becoming less effective. (europa.eu)
  • Major modern diseases such as Ebola virus disease and salmonellosis are zoonoses. (wikipedia.org)
  • But as scientists continue to study how to treat, prevent and contain these infectious diseases, it's also worth noting the threats they pose to animals. (bigthink.com)
  • But the fact is, about 60% of the nearly 1,500 diseases recognized in humans are classified as zoonoses, meaning they can be transmitted between species (not just canines), while about 75% of emerging infectious diseases are zoonotic. (animalwellnessmagazine.com)
  • At the end of last year the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) published its first annual report[1] on infectious diseases transmissible from animals to humans (zoonoses) which affect over 380,000 EU citizens per year. (europa.eu)
  • Founded in 1901, it was the world's first laboratory designed to control infectious and contagious animal diseases. (anses.fr)
  • In recent decades, we have been repeatedly alarmed by infectious diseases that have been transmitted from animals to humans. (mpg.de)
  • Moreover, with the advent of molecular biology, new infectious and parasitic diseases are continuously being discovered, and emerging zoonoses are being identified. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The chapter tenth discusses some contemporary infectious disease scenarios, including the travel and animal contact, exotic and wildlife pets and immunocompromissed individuals. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The study and management of animal diseases have also laid the basis for much of what is known about the dynamics and management of infectious human diseases, and has aided in the promotion of environmental quality. (encyclopedia.com)
  • A zoonosis (plural zoonoses, or zoonotic diseases) is an infectious disease caused by a pathogen (an infectious agent, such as a bacterium, virus, parasite or prion) that has jumped from an animal (usually a vertebrate) to a human. (wikipedia.org)
  • All personnel working in UAF animal facilities receive an introduction to the occupational health and safety program as part of the required Facility Orientation. (uaf.edu)
  • The effectiveness of the occupational health and safety program at managing risks of zoonoses should also be examined. (pubfacts.com)
  • Companion Animal Zoonoses is a comprehensive resource on diseases transmissible between animals and humans. (wiley.com)
  • Animal Disease Re-emerging transmissible transboundary animal diseases: comparing Rift Valley Fever with BSE . (steps-centre.org)
  • The regional disease prioritization exercise was organized with the financial support from the EU funded Veterinary Governance Programme and used OIE tool for the "Listing and categorization of priority animal diseases including those transmissible to humans" developed through a study conducted by the French Phylum Consultancy firm. (icpald.org)
  • Majority of the participants at the regional exercise had undergone training in 2013 on the OIE tool for the "Listing and categorization of priority animal diseases including those transmissible to humans" developed through a study conducted by Phylum. (icpald.org)
  • Presenting detailed prevention and control strategies for zoonotic diseases, the book is an in-depth guide to practical information on the spread of disease between pet animals and humans. (wiley.com)
  • The Opinion was prepared by EFSA's Scientific Panels on Biological Hazards (BIOHAZ) and Animal Health and Welfare (AHAW) in close co-operation with the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) which provided input on the recommendations related to human data. (europa.eu)
  • Listeriosis which is a cause of severe disease in humans, accounted for the highest number of reported human fatalities (107 deaths) amongst the 11 zoonoses covered in the EFSA zoonoses report. (europa.eu)
  • Classification and regression tree analysis showing grouping of diseases of food-producing animals and zoonoses into 4 subgroups by using overall weighted scores per disease as input, Europe. (cdc.gov)
  • There is even a segment on travel, including concerns about wild animal contact, as well as disease hazards for pets that travel. (cdc.gov)
  • Dynamic Drivers of Disease in Africa Multidisciplinary research integrating our understandings of zoonoses, ecosystems and wellbeing. (steps-centre.org)
  • The Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimates that three out of every five new human sicknesses are attributable to zoonosis. (news-medical.net)
  • Both wild and domesticated animals can act as disease carriers. (news-medical.net)
  • introduction to animal behavior, animal disease, and biotechnology. (uvm.edu)
  • Pediatricians, veterinarians, and other health care professionals can provide advice on selection of appropriate pets as well as prevention of disease transmission from nontraditional pets and when children contact animals in public settings. (aappublications.org)
  • These potential risks are enhanced when there is an inadequate understanding of disease transmission, methods of preventing transmission, animal behavior, or appropriate facilities for animals. (aappublications.org)
  • An animal model for a human disease can never exactly reproduce the complex disease traits in humans. (wur.nl)
  • management of major animal epidemics (foot and mouth disease, bluetongue, etc. (anses.fr)
  • It analyses host-pathogen relations in order to introduce new animal disease prevention strategies (vaccines). (anses.fr)
  • A third zoonoses, Brucellosis, has been virtually eradicated in WA, though a few people may still carry this disease. (shearingworld.com)
  • Tell the doctor you have been in contact with animals and may have caught a disease from them, or show your Occupational Health Alert Card. (shearingworld.com)
  • Zoonotic illnesses can also be spread to humans through "vectors" meaning another organism, such as a tick, flea, or mosquito, brings the disease to a human from an animal. (southtownsanimalhospital.com)
  • Veterinary activities involving disease control and health management in animal populations, and their integration of clinical, pathological, and epidemiological practices, often preceded similar activities in human medicine by decades, or, in some cases, centuries. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Animals infected with these diseases may have diarrhea but some may show no symptoms of disease. (wsu.edu)
  • Other animals can introduce disease as well--for example, monkeypox from a variety of rodent reservoirs which may be eaten, trichenella from wild boar, etc. (scienceblogs.com)
  • Almost any animal species can be a source of a novel disease, and this zoonotic transfer due to bushmeat consumption is probably more common than we realize. (scienceblogs.com)
  • This report of the European Food Safety Authority and the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control presents the results of the zoonoses monitoring activities carried out in 2014 in 32 European countries (28 Member States (MS) and four non-MS). Campylobacteriosis was the most commonly reported zoonosis with an increase in confirmed human cases in the European Union (EU) since 2008. (europa.eu)
  • Zoonosis means a disease that people can get from animals. (kidshealth.org)
  • The regional disease prioritization exercise was intended to support the 6 member states and ICPALD-IGAD secretariat to identify, prioritize and categorize the key transboundary and zoonoses for public policy and animal health programs. (icpald.org)
  • Zoonosis (zo-OH-no-sis) means a disease that people can get from animals . (kidshealth.org)
  • Treatment for zoonoses depends on the disease and can range from rest and hydration to surgery (if there are complications) and an extended stay in the hospital. (kidshealth.org)
  • You can get a disease directly from an animal, or indirectly, through the environment. (medlineplus.gov)
  • When it does, the physiologically exhausted animal eventually can no longer defend itself and disease will break out -which disease will depend on the climate, the environment and the type of rabbitry. (fao.org)
  • citation needed] Contact with farm animals can lead to disease in farmers or others that come into contact with infected farm animals. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the world's poorer countries, neglected endemic zoonoses associated with livestock production cause more than 2 million human deaths a year. (ilri.org)
  • Early laboratory animal programs were ineffective at excluding and preventing transmission of zoonotic diseases: the health status of the animals were often unknown, endemic diseases occurred frequently, housing conditions were less controlled, and veterinary care programs were decentralized. (pubfacts.com)
  • Zoonoses are diseases that are naturally transmitted between animals and humans. (rochester.edu)
  • Zoonoses, diseases transmitted between animals and humans, have been a concern in laboratory animal medicine for decades. (pubfacts.com)
  • Home Dogs Zoonoses: can your dog make you sick? (animalwellnessmagazine.com)
  • This zoonoses can be transmitted from dogs to humans and vice versa. (animalwellnessmagazine.com)
  • It occurs in humans and dogs and occasionally in other domestic animals. (animalwellnessmagazine.com)
  • 1 Dogs are owned by 44.8 million households, cats are owned by 38.4 million, freshwater fish are owned by 14.2 million, birds are owned by 6.4 million, small animals are owned by 6.0 million, horses are owned by 4.3 million, and saltwater fish are owned by 0.8 million. (aappublications.org)
  • The next chapter deals with food-borne diseases affecting humans, dogs, cats and other animals whereas the chapter 12 approaches the occupational health of animal workers. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Wear gloves when gardening or working in areas where dogs, cats, or other animals may have urinated or defecated. (vcahospitals.com)
  • Coverage of dogs, cats, large animals, birds, reptiles, and laboratory animals ensures you are prepared for all aspects of the national board examination. (elsevier.com)
  • Please refer to the WSU Hantavirus guidelines (http://www.iacuc.wsu.edu/documents/forms/pdf/Zoonoses_19.pdf) if working with wild rodents or in rodent-infested areas and buildings. (wsu.edu)
  • Epidemiological studies aimed at better understanding circulation and prevalence among certain wild and domestic animal species (e.g. (anses.fr)
  • But how do such zoonoses arise, how can we prevent them from spreading and what do zoonoses have to do with the worldwide extinction of species? (mpg.de)
  • Serum samples from different animal species were also obtained for Q fever analysis in the same study areas. (wiley.com)
  • It calls on states not only to buttress their animal as well as human healthcare systems, but also to address factors-like environmental degradation and increased demand for meat-that make it easier for diseases to jump species. (ilri.org)
  • Collection and Processing of Lymph Nodes from Large Animals for RNA Analysis: Preparing for Lymph Node Transcriptomic Studies of Large Animal Species. (nih.gov)
  • To reduce the incidence of zoonoses, management should perform an accurate risk assessment that takes into account the type of research performed, animal species used, animal sources, and housing conditions. (pubfacts.com)
  • Not all animal species are equally sensitive to the same kinds of attack. (fao.org)
  • An infinity of examples for every species of plant and animal shows that the larger a population grows, the more it becomes imperative that rules of hygiene be respected. (fao.org)
  • In spite of the availability of modern broad-spectrum anthelmintic drugs, the prevention and control of helminth zoonoses remain a challenge to human and veterinary parasitologists and to physicians and veterina- rians working on the field. (booktopia.com.au)
  • In addition, exposure to wild animals is increasing as humans continue to clear land and build houses in areas that were formerly home to wildlife. (merckvetmanual.com)
  • We have a protracted history of both legal and illegal hunting and trading of wildlife, and we have long practiced and animal idolatry and worship. (habricentral.org)
  • Leptospirosis is usually contracted from the urine of infected animals or from contaminated water. (shearingworld.com)
  • The occupational health of animal workers is covered in detail and includes not only zoonotic agents that immediately come to mind, but also allergens, use of live vaccines, noise, anesthetic gases, and the psychosocial impacts of such issues as euthanasia. (cdc.gov)
  • In April 2010, AHI co-hosted a thought leadership panel discussion exploring the connection between animal and human health. (healthyanimals.org)
  • PAHO Publications Catalog / Books / Browse by Subject / Veterinary Health / Zoonoses and Communicable Diseases Common to Man and Animals, 3rd edition. (paho.org)
  • This inter-disciplinary network brings together scholars from a range of backgrounds who are interested in drawing upon insights from the social sciences in the study of human-animal health and wellbeing. (dur.ac.uk)
  • People readily associate the role of veterinarians with private veterinary practice focused on pets and farm animals, but the true dimensions and contributions of veterinary medicine are much broader and reflect expanding societal needs and contemporary challenges to animal and human health and to the environment ( 1 ). (cdc.gov)
  • The history and tradition of the profession always have focused on protecting and improving both animal health and human health ( 2 ). (cdc.gov)
  • The elimination of these livestock diseases, along with outstanding research in animal health, is key to the remarkable gains in the efficiency of U.S. animal production. (cdc.gov)
  • The success of the national brucellosis and tuberculosis elimination campaigns has benefited not only the U.S. livestock industries but also human health by substantially reducing these zoonotic threats in animals. (cdc.gov)
  • Livestock, Livelihoods and Health Exploring zoonoses in Tanzania, in the context of major transformations, including rapid urbanisation. (steps-centre.org)
  • Retrieved on October 13, 2019 from https://www.news-medical.net/health/Zoonosis-Carriers.aspx. (news-medical.net)
  • Starting with evolution and domestication and progressing to current breeds, colors, uses, health, and management of horses, students gain a basic understanding of one of our most beloved domestic animals. (uvm.edu)
  • Many animal models developed within Wageningen Bioveterinary Research (WBVR) provide insights into human health issues. (wur.nl)
  • Please feel free to contact the experts of our contract research organization (CRO) if you have a question concerning animal models for human health. (wur.nl)
  • The Laboratory for Animal Health is located in Maisons-Alfort on the campus of the Alfort National Veterinary School (ENVA), from which it originated. (anses.fr)
  • The Laboratory for Animal Health also has a site in Normandy devoted to equine diseases. (anses.fr)
  • It has 140 employees grouped into five main units and four contracted units (USC) that cover all spheres of animal health infectiology. (anses.fr)
  • As zoonoses hazards vary with the type and condition of animals, and the nature of the work being done, safe work procedures, including training, instruction and supervision of employees, should be established through consultation between employers and employees or their safety and health representatives. (shearingworld.com)
  • ORI in conjunction with EHSRM, the University of Alaska Statewide Office of Risk Management, UAF Animal Resources Center and in consultation with the university's contract health care provider has established a matrix for categorizing personnel working with live vertebrates. (uaf.edu)
  • Veterinarians not only take care of the medical needs of our companion animals, but they also are on the forefront of human health. (southtownsanimalhospital.com)
  • Book review of "Human-Animal Medicine, Clinical Approaches to Zoonoses, Toxicants and Other Shared Health Risks" by Peter M. Rabinowitz and Lisa A. Conti (eds. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The book " Human-Animal Medicine, Clinical Approaches to Zoonoses, Toxicants and Other Shared Health Risks " comes to consolidate this approach, in practice. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The first chapter explores the convergence of human and animal medicine and the importance of environmental health. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The next chapter is intended to establish a new approach to clinical health history, providing a practical guide for human health and veterinary clinicians to identify relevant human-animal health links and potential health hazards. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The fourth chapter provides sentinel signs that could serve as indicators of health risks for humans, animals, or both. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The next two chapters deal with the psychosocial and therapeutic aspects of human-animal interactions as well as with the possible effects of indoor and other built environments on human and animal health. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The final chapter provides practical suggestions for integrated preventive activities, at different levels (from primary to tertiary), in order to maximize human and animal health. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The National Library of Medicine ® (NLM) Special Queries page now includes a link to a new subject page for veterinary and animal health literature. (nih.gov)
  • Specific zoonotic diseases like cat scratch fever and bird flu can be found in the consumer health area, but not in the veterinary search strategy unless it involves the health of the animal. (nih.gov)
  • Health and development in subregional integration initiatives : final report documents selected from the VIII Inter-American Meeting, at the Ministerial Level, on Animal Health, Washington, D.C., April 27-29, 1993. (who.int)
  • Animal health in the Americas, 1980 : animals in human life , proceedings of the I Inter-American Meeting, at the Ministerial Level, on Animal Health, Washington, D.C., 14-17 April 1980. (who.int)
  • Our functional nutrition research focuses not only on improving the health of the animal, but also strives to improve the nutritional value of the end-product. (vlaanderen.be)
  • As the #1 natural health magazine for pets in North America, we take pride in providing our readers with the information they need to make wise health care choices for their animal companions. (animalwellnessmagazine.com)
  • Our publication embraces the entire holistic spectrum, from physical health issues to the emotional and spiritual well being of our animals. (animalwellnessmagazine.com)
  • AU-IBAR animal health unit and Phylum. (icpald.org)
  • Rinderpest was not been included in the exercise because each country reportedly has a contingency plan and commitment to apply surveillance and to maintain contingency plan according to the OIE standards and Ebola Virus, despite it is not an animal health issue, was also included and assessed. (icpald.org)
  • However, the impact of snakebite on these rural communities could be even higher if a One Health approach is taken to consider the direct impact on domestic animals and indirect impact on the livelihood of affected communities. (ilri.org)
  • To mark Open Access Week 2019 , we highlight some recent open access research articles authored and co-authored by scientists from the Animal and Human Health program of the International Livestock Research. (ilri.org)
  • This month, in a new issue of the science journal Animal Frontiers , ILRI scientist Padmakumar Varijakshapanicker leads authorship of a paper on Sustainable livestock systems to improve human health, nutrition, and economic status. (ilri.org)
  • We must integrate our responses for human health, animal health, and ecosystem health to be effective. (ilri.org)
  • Unite human, animal and environmental health to prevent the next pandemic, says ILRI/UN report , 6 Jul 2020. (ilri.org)
  • These are necessary to ensure that there is minimal risk to human, animal or plant health. (europa.eu)
  • As well as threatening human and animal health, zoonoses affect livestock production, causing economic and social harm to communities in developed and developing countries. (gla.ac.uk)
  • Over the next five years the ZELS programme will fund 11 projects in developing countries in Africa and Asia, bringing together expertise from the human and animal health sectors. (gla.ac.uk)
  • Led by Eric Fevre at the University of Liverpool, the goal of ZooLinK is to enable Kenya to develop an effective surveillance programme for zoonoses which is, by design, integrated across both human and animal health sectors. (gla.ac.uk)
  • Exposure to zoonotic organisms not only poses health risks to personnel and research animals but may also affect research integrity. (pubfacts.com)
  • Develop all the skills you need to effectively manage human-animal health problems with this timely, comprehensive resource. (canarydatabase.org)
  • How far the environment extends is no longer an abstract concept when the number of animals per square metre, hectare or square kilometre grows without a parallel upgrading of hygiene and health standards. (fao.org)
  • It monitors the emergence of the animal epidemics it studies in order to prevent their spread, and analyses their causes. (anses.fr)
  • I've already discussed in part 1 and part 2 of the series some ways that microbes can jump from animal to human, and some factors which affect the emergence of these types of diseases. (scienceblogs.com)
  • Does urbanization make emergence of zoonosis more likely? (ilri.org)
  • Scientific fields such as laboratory animal medicine, pathology, and toxicology, when combined with veterinary medicine, have proven especially relevant to success in biomedical research ( 10 ). (cdc.gov)
  • Approximately 20-30 percent of individuals working with laboratory animals will develop an allergic reaction to animal proteins and 5 -10 percent of individuals will develop asthma. (wsu.edu)
  • Applied Institutional Approaches for the Evaluation and Management of Zoonoses in Contemporary Laboratory Animal Research Facilities. (pubfacts.com)
  • The MSi Biological Sciences enables students to gain an understanding of structure, function, and interactions of microorganisms, protists, fungi, plants and animals. (qub.ac.uk)
  • The institute is also one of only two facilities worldwide with the ability to conduct large-scale animal studies, such as with swine and cattle. (bigthink.com)
  • Many tales portray animals that mimic human behavior and characteristics by conversing, walking erectly, dressing in clothing, and inhabiting houses. (habricentral.org)
  • Hooray, finally a book emerges about the human-animal interface that addresses both perspectives equitably and seamlessly. (cdc.gov)
  • The chapter describes the serious legal and ethical considerations associated with professionally crossing the human-animal interface. (cdc.gov)
  • Observations on human and animal schistosomiasis in Senegal. (booktopia.com.au)
  • Such animals have brought diseases out of the wild and into human homes. (merckvetmanual.com)
  • Human diseases that have their origins in infected animals, such as AIDS or Creutzfeldt-Jakob, have highlighted the need for a better understanding of animal diseases. (paho.org)
  • These interesting volumes are a useful source of information on human and animal diseases that is often scattered amongst different text books. (paho.org)
  • ' The Anthro-Zoonoses Network' is a research network for the anthropology of zoonotic and vector-borne diseases and promotes the anthropological study of human-animal diseases. (dur.ac.uk)
  • In 1858, Rudolph Virchow, the father of comparative medicine, stated, 'Between animal and human medicine there are no dividing lines---nor should there be. (cdc.gov)
  • Although farm and home animals provide humans with many benefits, they also transmit a whole host of diseases to their human caretakers. (news-medical.net)
  • Animals living in wild habitats transmit a variety of human diseases. (news-medical.net)
  • In addition, our animal models can be used for translational clinical and preclinical studies into human diseases. (wur.nl)
  • The success of drug development for human diseases heavily depends on the suitability of the animal models applied. (wur.nl)
  • The second chapter addresses both legal and ethical issues involved in human-animal medicine. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Zoonoses are also an inevitable consequence of human−animal relationships and interactions. (habricentral.org)
  • FAO/OIE/WHO joint scientific consultation on influenza and other emerging zoonotic diseases at the human-animal interface, 27-29 April, 2010, Verona, Italy : consultation summary 2010. (who.int)
  • Human-Animal Medicine focuses on the emerging diseases that cross between animals and humans, and points out the important environmental changes related to land use, climate change, intensification of food production, and other factors that help manifest these diseases. (canarydatabase.org)
  • Prediction and prevention of the next pandemic zoonosis. (nih.gov)
  • The assessment, Preventing the next pandemic: Zoonotic diseases and how to break the chain of transmission , published on 6 July, describes how 60 per cent of the 1,400 microbes known to infect humans originated in animals. (ilri.org)
  • When humans infect animals, it is called reverse zoonosis or anthroponosis. (wikipedia.org)
  • There are three categories based on frequency and duration of contact with animals, intensity of exposure, hazards associated with the animals to be handled, hazardous properties of agents used in the research, susceptibility of individual employees, hazard-control measures available, and occupational history of individual employees. (uaf.edu)
  • This includes an overview of the goals of the program, services available, the types of hazards present in the UAF animal facilities and their symptoms. (uaf.edu)
  • De-bunking surgery myths to help you feel more at ease at the thought of your animal companion going under the knife. (animalwellnessmagazine.com)
  • Leptospirosis infects domestic animals as well as livestock and wild or feral animals. (animalwellnessmagazine.com)
  • Although a handful of pets have tested positive for the virus, domestic animals do not appear to be a risk for spreading the virus to people. (merckvetmanual.com)
  • A comprehensive study of anatomical structure of vertebrate animals with emphasis on domestic animals. (uvm.edu)
  • To explore this hypothesis we developed the first scoping review to identify and characterize the global literature on snakebite in domestic animals. (ilri.org)
  • Three bibliographic databases (PubMed, Web of Science and Agricola) were searched using terms related to snake, snakebite and domestic animals for publications up to December 31st, 2016. (ilri.org)
  • Is the Subject Area "Domestic animals" applicable to this article? (plos.org)
  • Reports on lesser known nematode zoonoses like mammomono- gamosis and oesophagostomiasis are included. (booktopia.com.au)
  • Section 4: Larva migrans and other nematode zoonoses. (booktopia.com.au)
  • Animal diseases that people can catch are called zoonoses. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Animals can carry diseases that people can catch. (avma.org)
  • In addition, millions of exotic animals, birds, and reptiles are kept as pets ( 11 ). (cdc.gov)
  • Some zoonoses can be very dangerous to humans, but many cause only mild symptoms. (kidshealth.org)