Animals considered to be wild or feral or not adapted for domestic use. It does not include wild animals in zoos for which ANIMALS, ZOO is available.
Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.
The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.
Warm-blooded VERTEBRATES possessing FEATHERS and belonging to the class Aves.
Diseases of birds not considered poultry, therefore usually found in zoos, parks, and the wild. The concept is differentiated from POULTRY DISEASES which is for birds raised as a source of meat or eggs for human consumption, and usually found in barnyards, hatcheries, etc.
Genetically engineered MUTAGENESIS at a specific site in the DNA molecule that introduces a base substitution, or an insertion or deletion.
A species of SWINE, in the family Suidae, comprising a number of subspecies including the domestic pig Sus scrofa domestica.
Animals which have become adapted through breeding in captivity to a life intimately associated with humans. They include animals domesticated by humans to live and breed in a tame condition on farms or ranches for economic reasons, including LIVESTOCK (specifically CATTLE; SHEEP; HORSES; etc.), POULTRY; and those raised or kept for pleasure and companionship, e.g., PETS; or specifically DOGS; CATS; etc.
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
The outward appearance of the individual. It is the product of interactions between genes, and between the GENOTYPE and the environment.
Genotypic differences observed among individuals in a population.
Animate or inanimate sources which normally harbor disease-causing organisms and thus serve as potential sources of disease outbreaks. Reservoirs are distinguished from vectors (DISEASE VECTORS) and carriers, which are agents of disease transmission rather than continuing sources of potential disease outbreaks.
An organism of the vegetable kingdom suitable by nature for use as a food, especially by human beings. Not all parts of any given plant are edible but all parts of edible plants have been known to figure as raw or cooked food: leaves, roots, tubers, stems, seeds, buds, fruits, and flowers. The most commonly edible parts of plants are FRUIT, usually sweet, fleshy, and succulent. Most edible plants are commonly cultivated for their nutritional value and are referred to as VEGETABLES.
A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria (GRAM-NEGATIVE FACULTATIVELY ANAEROBIC RODS) commonly found in the lower part of the intestine of warm-blooded animals. It is usually nonpathogenic, but some strains are known to produce DIARRHEA and pyogenic infections. Pathogenic strains (virotypes) are classified by their specific pathogenic mechanisms such as toxins (ENTEROTOXIGENIC ESCHERICHIA COLI), etc.
A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.
Infection of domestic and wild fowl and other BIRDS with INFLUENZA A VIRUS. Avian influenza usually does not sicken birds, but can be highly pathogenic and fatal in domestic POULTRY.
An order of BIRDS comprising the waterfowl, particularly DUCKS; GEESE; swans; and screamers.
An acute infectious disease of humans, particularly children, caused by any of three serotypes of human poliovirus (POLIOVIRUS). Usually the infection is limited to the gastrointestinal tract and nasopharynx, and is often asymptomatic. The central nervous system, primarily the spinal cord, may be affected, leading to rapidly progressive paralysis, coarse FASCICULATION and hyporeflexia. Motor neurons are primarily affected. Encephalitis may also occur. The virus replicates in the nervous system, and may cause significant neuronal loss, most notably in the spinal cord. A rare related condition, nonpoliovirus poliomyelitis, may result from infections with nonpoliovirus enteroviruses. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp764-5)
The rate dynamics in chemical or physical systems.
Proteins found in any species of bacterium.
Animals grouped according to ecological, morphological or genetic populations.
Strains of mice in which certain GENES of their GENOMES have been disrupted, or "knocked-out". To produce knockouts, using RECOMBINANT DNA technology, the normal DNA sequence of the gene being studied is altered to prevent synthesis of a normal gene product. Cloned cells in which this DNA alteration is successful are then injected into mouse EMBRYOS to produce chimeric mice. The chimeric mice are then bred to yield a strain in which all the cells of the mouse contain the disrupted gene. Knockout mice are used as EXPERIMENTAL ANIMAL MODELS for diseases (DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL) and to clarify the functions of the genes.
The family Cervidae of 17 genera and 45 species occurring nearly throughout North America, South America, and Eurasia, on most associated continental islands, and in northern Africa. Wild populations of deer have been established through introduction by people in Cuba, New Guinea, Australia, New Zealand, and other places where the family does not naturally occur. They are slim, long-legged and best characterized by the presence of antlers. Their habitat is forests, swamps, brush country, deserts, and arctic tundra. They are usually good swimmers; some migrate seasonally. (Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, p1362)
The study of plant lore and agricultural customs of a people. In the fields of ETHNOMEDICINE and ETHNOPHARMACOLOGY, the emphasis is on traditional medicine and the existence and medicinal uses of PLANTS and PLANT EXTRACTS and their constituents, both historically and in modern times.
Short sequences (generally about 10 base pairs) of DNA that are complementary to sequences of messenger RNA and allow reverse transcriptases to start copying the adjacent sequences of mRNA. Primers are used extensively in genetic and molecular biology techniques.
Established cell cultures that have the potential to propagate indefinitely.
Cultivation of natural faunal resources of water. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
A genetic rearrangement through loss of segments of DNA or RNA, bringing sequences which are normally separated into close proximity. This deletion may be detected using cytogenetic techniques and can also be inferred from the phenotype, indicating a deletion at one specific locus.
Proteins prepared by recombinant DNA technology.
Diseases of rodents of the order RODENTIA. This term includes diseases of Sciuridae (squirrels), Geomyidae (gophers), Heteromyidae (pouched mice), Castoridae (beavers), Cricetidae (rats and mice), Muridae (Old World rats and mice), Erethizontidae (porcupines), and Caviidae (guinea pigs).
Variant forms of the same gene, occupying the same locus on homologous CHROMOSOMES, and governing the variants in production of the same gene product.
The genetic process of crossbreeding between genetically dissimilar parents to produce a hybrid.
Process of generating a genetic MUTATION. It may occur spontaneously or be induced by MUTAGENS.
An order of MAMMALS, usually flesh eaters with appropriate dentition. Suborders include the terrestrial carnivores Fissipedia, and the aquatic carnivores PINNIPEDIA.
The parts of a macromolecule that directly participate in its specific combination with another molecule.
The insertion of recombinant DNA molecules from prokaryotic and/or eukaryotic sources into a replicating vehicle, such as a plasmid or virus vector, and the introduction of the resultant hybrid molecules into recipient cells without altering the viability of those cells.
PLANTS, or their progeny, whose GENOME has been altered by GENETIC ENGINEERING.
The process in which substances, either endogenous or exogenous, bind to proteins, peptides, enzymes, protein precursors, or allied compounds. Specific protein-binding measures are often used as assays in diagnostic assessments.
In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.
A mutation caused by the substitution of one nucleotide for another. This results in the DNA molecule having a change in a single base pair.
Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control of gene action in plants.
Deliberate breeding of two different individuals that results in offspring that carry part of the genetic material of each parent. The parent organisms must be genetically compatible and may be from different varieties or closely related species.
A family of terrestrial carnivores with long snouts and non-retractable claws. Members include COYOTES; DOGS; FOXES; JACKALS; RACCOON DOGS; and WOLVES.
A variety of simple repeat sequences that are distributed throughout the GENOME. They are characterized by a short repeat unit of 2-8 basepairs that is repeated up to 100 times. They are also known as short tandem repeats (STRs).
Extrachromosomal, usually CIRCULAR DNA molecules that are self-replicating and transferable from one organism to another. They are found in a variety of bacterial, archaeal, fungal, algal, and plant species. They are used in GENETIC ENGINEERING as CLONING VECTORS.
A mammalian order which consists of 29 families and many genera.
Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of plants.
The total process by which organisms produce offspring. (Stedman, 25th ed)
A plant genus of the family SOLANACEAE. Members contain SOLANACEOUS ALKALOIDS. Some species in this genus are called deadly nightshade which is also a common name for ATROPA BELLADONNA.
Expanded structures, usually green, of vascular plants, characteristically consisting of a bladelike expansion attached to a stem, and functioning as the principal organ of photosynthesis and transpiration. (American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)
The degree of similarity between sequences of amino acids. This information is useful for the analyzing genetic relatedness of proteins and species.
The protection, preservation, restoration, and rational use of all resources in the total environment.
A family of the order Rodentia containing 250 genera including the two genera Mus (MICE) and Rattus (RATS), from which the laboratory inbred strains are developed. The fifteen subfamilies are SIGMODONTINAE (New World mice and rats), CRICETINAE, Spalacinae, Myospalacinae, Lophiomyinae, ARVICOLINAE, Platacanthomyinae, Nesomyinae, Otomyinae, Rhizomyinae, GERBILLINAE, Dendromurinae, Cricetomyinae, MURINAE (Old World mice and rats), and Hydromyinae.
A test used to determine whether or not complementation (compensation in the form of dominance) will occur in a cell with a given mutant phenotype when another mutant genome, encoding the same mutant phenotype, is introduced into that cell.
The science dealing with the earth and its life, especially the description of land, sea, and air and the distribution of plant and animal life, including humanity and human industries with reference to the mutual relations of these elements. (From Webster, 3d ed)
Models used experimentally or theoretically to study molecular shape, electronic properties, or interactions; includes analogous molecules, computer-generated graphics, and mechanical structures.
Annual cereal grass of the family POACEAE and its edible starchy grain, rice, which is the staple food of roughly one-half of the world's population.
Diseases of freshwater, marine, hatchery or aquarium fish. This term includes diseases of both teleosts (true fish) and elasmobranchs (sharks, rays and skates).
Places for cultivation and harvesting of fish, particularly in sea waters. (from McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
The property of objects that determines the direction of heat flow when they are placed in direct thermal contact. The temperature is the energy of microscopic motions (vibrational and translational) of the particles of atoms.
Periodic movements of animals in response to seasonal changes or reproductive instinct. Hormonal changes are the trigger in at least some animals. Most migrations are made for reasons of climatic change, feeding, or breeding.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
An order of BIRDS including over 300 species that primarily inhabit coastal waters, beaches, and marshes. They are comprised of shorebirds, gulls, and terns.
The usually underground portions of a plant that serve as support, store food, and through which water and mineral nutrients enter the plant. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 1982; Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)
The uptake of naked or purified DNA by CELLS, usually meaning the process as it occurs in eukaryotic cells. It is analogous to bacterial transformation (TRANSFORMATION, BACTERIAL) and both are routinely employed in GENE TRANSFER TECHNIQUES.
A species of the genus SACCHAROMYCES, family Saccharomycetaceae, order Saccharomycetales, known as "baker's" or "brewer's" yeast. The dried form is used as a dietary supplement.
A species of ENTEROVIRUS which is the causal agent of POLIOMYELITIS in humans. Three serotypes (strains) exist. Transmission is by the fecal-oral route, pharyngeal secretions, or mechanical vector (flies). Vaccines with both inactivated and live attenuated virus have proven effective in immunizing against the infection.
A dilated cavity extended caudally from the hindgut. In adult birds, reptiles, amphibians, and many fishes but few mammals, cloaca is a common chamber into which the digestive, urinary and reproductive tracts discharge their contents. In most mammals, cloaca gives rise to LARGE INTESTINE; URINARY BLADDER; and GENITALIA.
The species Panthera tigris, a large feline inhabiting Asia. Several subspecies exist including the Siberian tiger and Sumatran tiger.
The arrangement of two or more amino acid or base sequences from an organism or organisms in such a way as to align areas of the sequences sharing common properties. The degree of relatedness or homology between the sequences is predicted computationally or statistically based on weights assigned to the elements aligned between the sequences. This in turn can serve as a potential indicator of the genetic relatedness between the organisms.
The encapsulated embryos of flowering plants. They are used as is or for animal feed because of the high content of concentrated nutrients like starches, proteins, and fats. Rapeseed, cottonseed, and sunflower seed are also produced for the oils (fats) they yield.
A live vaccine containing attenuated poliovirus, types I, II, and III, grown in monkey kidney cell tissue culture, used for routine immunization of children against polio. This vaccine induces long-lasting intestinal and humoral immunity. Killed vaccine induces only humoral immunity. Oral poliovirus vaccine should not be administered to immunocompromised individuals or their household contacts. (Dorland, 28th ed)
Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
The degree of pathogenicity within a group or species of microorganisms or viruses as indicated by case fatality rates and/or the ability of the organism to invade the tissues of the host. The pathogenic capacity of an organism is determined by its VIRULENCE FACTORS.
The discipline studying genetic composition of populations and effects of factors such as GENETIC SELECTION, population size, MUTATION, migration, and GENETIC DRIFT on the frequencies of various GENOTYPES and PHENOTYPES using a variety of GENETIC TECHNIQUES.
The pattern of any process, or the interrelationship of phenomena, which affects growth or change within a population.
A widely distributed order of perching BIRDS, including more than half of all bird species.
The characteristic 3-dimensional shape of a protein, including the secondary, supersecondary (motifs), tertiary (domains) and quaternary structure of the peptide chain. PROTEIN STRUCTURE, QUATERNARY describes the conformation assumed by multimeric proteins (aggregates of more than one polypeptide chain).
A suborder of the order ARTIODACTYLA whose members have the distinguishing feature of a four-chambered stomach, including the capacious RUMEN. Horns or antlers are usually present, at least in males.
The intracellular transfer of information (biological activation/inhibition) through a signal pathway. In each signal transduction system, an activation/inhibition signal from a biologically active molecule (hormone, neurotransmitter) is mediated via the coupling of a receptor/enzyme to a second messenger system or to an ion channel. Signal transduction plays an important role in activating cellular functions, cell differentiation, and cell proliferation. Examples of signal transduction systems are the GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID-postsynaptic receptor-calcium ion channel system, the receptor-mediated T-cell activation pathway, and the receptor-mediated activation of phospholipases. Those coupled to membrane depolarization or intracellular release of calcium include the receptor-mediated activation of cytotoxic functions in granulocytes and the synaptic potentiation of protein kinase activation. Some signal transduction pathways may be part of larger signal transduction pathways; for example, protein kinase activation is part of the platelet activation signal pathway.
The functional hereditary units of BACTERIA.
Differential and non-random reproduction of different genotypes, operating to alter the gene frequencies within a population.
A functional system which includes the organisms of a natural community together with their environment. (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
The mating of plants or non-human animals which are closely related genetically.
Diseases of non-human animals that may be transmitted to HUMANS or may be transmitted from humans to non-human animals.
The science, art or practice of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raising livestock.
The process of cumulative change over successive generations through which organisms acquire their distinguishing morphological and physiological characteristics.
The regular and simultaneous occurrence in a single interbreeding population of two or more discontinuous genotypes. The concept includes differences in genotypes ranging in size from a single nucleotide site (POLYMORPHISM, SINGLE NUCLEOTIDE) to large nucleotide sequences visible at a chromosomal level.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
A mutation in which a codon is mutated to one directing the incorporation of a different amino acid. This substitution may result in an inactive or unstable product. (From A Dictionary of Genetics, King & Stansfield, 5th ed)
The cat family in the order CARNIVORA comprised of muscular, deep-chested terrestrial carnivores with a highly predatory lifestyle.
A subfamily of MURIDAE found nearly world-wide and consisting of about 20 genera. Voles, lemmings, and muskrats are members.
The relationship between the chemical structure of a compound and its biological or pharmacological activity. Compounds are often classed together because they have structural characteristics in common including shape, size, stereochemical arrangement, and distribution of functional groups.
Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of bacteria.
The family of agile, keen-sighted mongooses of Asia and Africa that feed on RODENTS and SNAKES.
Fish of the genera ONCORHYNCHUS and Salmo in the family SALMONIDAE. They are anadromous game fish, frequenting the coastal waters of both the North Atlantic and Pacific. They are known for their gameness as a sport fish and for the quality of their flesh as a table fish. (Webster, 3d ed).
Any method used for determining the location of and relative distances between genes on a chromosome.
An animal or plant species in danger of extinction. Causes can include human activity, changing climate, or change in predator/prey ratios.
RNA sequences that serve as templates for protein synthesis. Bacterial mRNAs are generally primary transcripts in that they do not require post-transcriptional processing. Eukaryotic mRNA is synthesized in the nucleus and must be exported to the cytoplasm for translation. Most eukaryotic mRNAs have a sequence of polyadenylic acid at the 3' end, referred to as the poly(A) tail. The function of this tail is not known for certain, but it may play a role in the export of mature mRNA from the nucleus as well as in helping stabilize some mRNA molecules by retarding their degradation in the cytoplasm.
Diseases of plants.
A variation of the PCR technique in which cDNA is made from RNA via reverse transcription. The resultant cDNA is then amplified using standard PCR protocols.
A plant species of the family SOLANACEAE, native of South America, widely cultivated for their edible, fleshy, usually red fruit.
The biosynthesis of RNA carried out on a template of DNA. The biosynthesis of DNA from an RNA template is called REVERSE TRANSCRIPTION.
The production of offspring by selective mating or HYBRIDIZATION, GENETIC in animals or plants.
The process of cumulative change at the level of DNA; RNA; and PROTEINS, over successive generations.
Deletion of sequences of nucleic acids from the genetic material of an individual.
Identification of proteins or peptides that have been electrophoretically separated by blot transferring from the electrophoresis gel to strips of nitrocellulose paper, followed by labeling with antibody probes.
Laboratory mice that have been produced from a genetically manipulated EGG or EMBRYO, MAMMALIAN.
An extensive order of basidiomycetous fungi whose fruiting bodies are commonly called mushrooms.
Recombinant proteins produced by the GENETIC TRANSLATION of fused genes formed by the combination of NUCLEIC ACID REGULATORY SEQUENCES of one or more genes with the protein coding sequences of one or more genes.
A plant genus of the family POACEAE. The EDIBLE GRAIN, barley, is widely used as food.
The reproductive organs of plants.
Techniques to alter a gene sequence that result in an inactivated gene, or one in which the expression can be inactivated at a chosen time during development to study the loss of function of a gene.
The facilitation of a chemical reaction by material (catalyst) that is not consumed by the reaction.
Endogenous substances, usually proteins, which are effective in the initiation, stimulation, or termination of the genetic transcription process.
Infestations by PARASITES which live on, or burrow into, the surface of their host's EPIDERMIS. Most ectoparasites are ARTHROPODS.
Infections with unicellular organisms formerly members of the subkingdom Protozoa. The infections may be experimental or veterinary.
Infections or infestations with parasitic organisms. The infestation may be experimental or veterinary.
An order of diurnal BIRDS of prey, including EAGLES; HAWKS; buzzards; vultures; and falcons.
A commercially important species of SALMON in the family SALMONIDAE, order SALMONIFORMES, which occurs in the North Atlantic.
Sexual activities of animals.
A subfamily in the family MURIDAE, comprising the hamsters. Four of the more common genera are Cricetus, CRICETULUS; MESOCRICETUS; and PHODOPUS.
An individual having different alleles at one or more loci regarding a specific character.
A deoxyribonucleotide polymer that is the primary genetic material of all cells. Eukaryotic and prokaryotic organisms normally contain DNA in a double-stranded state, yet several important biological processes transiently involve single-stranded regions. DNA, which consists of a polysugar-phosphate backbone possessing projections of purines (adenine and guanine) and pyrimidines (thymine and cytosine), forms a double helix that is held together by hydrogen bonds between these purines and pyrimidines (adenine to thymine and guanine to cytosine).
The lipid- and protein-containing, selectively permeable membrane that surrounds the cytoplasm in prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells.
The common chimpanzee, a species of the genus Pan, family HOMINIDAE. It lives in Africa, primarily in the tropical rainforests. There are a number of recognized subspecies.
A subfamily in the family MURIDAE, comprising the Old World MICE and RATS.
A thiol-containing non-essential amino acid that is oxidized to form CYSTINE.
Genus in the family FELIDAE comprised of big felines including LIONS; TIGERS; jaguars; and the leopard.
Production of new arrangements of DNA by various mechanisms such as assortment and segregation, CROSSING OVER; GENE CONVERSION; GENETIC TRANSFORMATION; GENETIC CONJUGATION; GENETIC TRANSDUCTION; or mixed infection of viruses.
CELL LINES derived from the CV-1 cell line by transformation with a replication origin defective mutant of SV40 VIRUS, which codes for wild type large T antigen (ANTIGENS, POLYOMAVIRUS TRANSFORMING). They are used for transfection and cloning. (The CV-1 cell line was derived from the kidney of an adult male African green monkey (CERCOPITHECUS AETHIOPS).)
DNA sequences which are recognized (directly or indirectly) and bound by a DNA-dependent RNA polymerase during the initiation of transcription. Highly conserved sequences within the promoter include the Pribnow box in bacteria and the TATA BOX in eukaryotes.
Very young plant after GERMINATION of SEEDS.
That portion of the electromagnetic spectrum in the visible, ultraviolet, and infrared range.
Proteins found in any species of fungus.
Proteins which bind to DNA. The family includes proteins which bind to both double- and single-stranded DNA and also includes specific DNA binding proteins in serum which can be used as markers for malignant diseases.
A genus of ruminants in the family Bovidae. The common name chamois usually refers to the species Rupicapra rupicapra. Rupicapra pyrenaica, found in the Pyrenees, is more properly referred to as the Pyrenean chamois.
An autonomous region located in central Asia, within China.
Cells propagated in vitro in special media conducive to their growth. Cultured cells are used to study developmental, morphologic, metabolic, physiologic, and genetic processes, among others.
A subtype of INFLUENZA A VIRUS comprised of the surface proteins hemagglutinin 5 and neuraminidase 1. The H5N1 subtype, frequently referred to as the bird flu virus, is endemic in wild birds and very contagious among both domestic (POULTRY) and wild birds. It does not usually infect humans, but some cases have been reported.
Carnivores of the genus Procyon of the family PROCYONIDAE. Two subgenera and seven species are currently recognized. They range from southern Canada to Panama and are found in several of the Caribbean Islands.
A non-essential amino acid occurring in natural form as the L-isomer. It is synthesized from GLYCINE or THREONINE. It is involved in the biosynthesis of PURINES; PYRIMIDINES; and other amino acids.
Complex nucleoprotein structures which contain the genomic DNA and are part of the CELL NUCLEUS of PLANTS.
Number of individuals in a population relative to space.
A plant genus of the family EUPHORBIACEAE that is perennial with conspicuous, almost palmate leaves like those of RICINUS but more deeply parted into five to nine lobes. It is a source of a starch after removal of the cyanogenic glucosides. The common name of Arrowroot is also used with Maranta (MARANTACEAE). The common name of yuca is also used for YUCCA.
The non-genetic biological changes of an organism in response to challenges in its ENVIRONMENT.
Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control (induction or repression) of gene action at the level of transcription or translation.
A characteristic feature of enzyme activity in relation to the kind of substrate on which the enzyme or catalytic molecule reacts.
The scientific study of past societies through artifacts, fossils, etc.
Transport proteins that carry specific substances in the blood or across cell membranes.
Proteins obtained from ESCHERICHIA COLI.
BIRDS that hunt and kill other animals, especially higher vertebrates, for food. They include the FALCONIFORMES order, or diurnal birds of prey, comprised of EAGLES, falcons, HAWKS, and others, as well as the STRIGIFORMES order, or nocturnal birds of prey, which includes OWLS.
Electrophoresis in which a polyacrylamide gel is used as the diffusion medium.
Genus in the family FELIDAE comprised of small felines including the domestic cat, Felis catus (CATS) and its ancestor the wild cat, Felis silvestris.
A huge subclass of mostly marine CRUSTACEA, containing over 14,000 species. The 10 orders comprise both planktonic and benthic organisms, and include both free-living and parasitic forms. Planktonic copepods form the principle link between PHYTOPLANKTON and the higher trophic levels of the marine food chains.
Domesticated birds raised for food. It typically includes CHICKENS; TURKEYS, DUCKS; GEESE; and others.
A plant genus of the family Oleaceae. The olive fruit is the source of olive oil.
A phenotypically recognizable genetic trait which can be used to identify a genetic locus, a linkage group, or a recombination event.
Double-stranded DNA of MITOCHONDRIA. In eukaryotes, the mitochondrial GENOME is circular and codes for ribosomal RNAs, transfer RNAs, and about 10 proteins.
Sudden increase in the incidence of a disease. The concept includes EPIDEMICS and PANDEMICS.
Any liquid or solid preparation made specifically for the growth, storage, or transport of microorganisms or other types of cells. The variety of media that exist allow for the culturing of specific microorganisms and cell types, such as differential media, selective media, test media, and defined media. Solid media consist of liquid media that have been solidified with an agent such as AGAR or GELATIN.
The level of protein structure in which regular hydrogen-bond interactions within contiguous stretches of polypeptide chain give rise to alpha helices, beta strands (which align to form beta sheets) or other types of coils. This is the first folding level of protein conformation.
Behavioral responses or sequences associated with eating including modes of feeding, rhythmic patterns of eating, and time intervals.
The change in gene frequency in a population due to migration of gametes or individuals (ANIMAL MIGRATION) across population barriers. In contrast, in GENETIC DRIFT the cause of gene frequency changes are not a result of population or gamete movement.
EPIDEMIOLOGIC STUDIES based on the detection through serological testing of characteristic change in the serum level of specific ANTIBODIES. Latent subclinical infections and carrier states can thus be detected in addition to clinically overt cases.
A non-essential amino acid that occurs in high levels in its free state in plasma. It is produced from pyruvate by transamination. It is involved in sugar and acid metabolism, increases IMMUNITY, and provides energy for muscle tissue, BRAIN, and the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM.
The synthesis by organisms of organic chemical compounds, especially carbohydrates, from carbon dioxide using energy obtained from light rather than from the oxidation of chemical compounds. Photosynthesis comprises two separate processes: the light reactions and the dark reactions. In higher plants; GREEN ALGAE; and CYANOBACTERIA; NADPH and ATP formed by the light reactions drive the dark reactions which result in the fixation of carbon dioxide. (from Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 2001)
The normality of a solution with respect to HYDROGEN ions; H+. It is related to acidity measurements in most cases by pH = log 1/2[1/(H+)], where (H+) is the hydrogen ion concentration in gram equivalents per liter of solution. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Biochemical identification of mutational changes in a nucleotide sequence.
Coloration or discoloration of a part by a pigment.
Modifying, carrying, or manipulating an item external to itself by an animal, before using it to effect a change on the environment or itself (from Beck, Animal Tool Behavior, 1980).
The observable response an animal makes to any situation.
PASSERIFORMES of the suborder, Oscines, in which the flexor tendons of the toes are separate, and the lower syrinx has 4 to 9 pairs of tensor muscles inserted at both ends of the tracheal half rings. They include many commonly recognized birds such as CROWS; FINCHES; robins; SPARROWS; and SWALLOWS.
Naturally occurring or experimentally induced animal diseases with pathological processes sufficiently similar to those of human diseases. They are used as study models for human diseases.
Vaccines used to prevent POLIOMYELITIS. They include inactivated (POLIOVIRUS VACCINE, INACTIVATED) and oral vaccines (POLIOVIRUS VACCINE, ORAL).
The lone species in the genus Nyctereutes, family CANIDAE. It is found in the woodland zone from southeastern Siberia to Vietnam and on the main islands of Japan.
One of the non-essential amino acids commonly occurring in the L-form. It is found in animals and plants, especially in sugar cane and sugar beets. It may be a neurotransmitter.
Proteins obtained from the species SACCHAROMYCES CEREVISIAE. The function of specific proteins from this organism are the subject of intense scientific interest and have been used to derive basic understanding of the functioning similar proteins in higher eukaryotes.
The external elements and conditions which surround, influence, and affect the life and development of an organism or population.
A phylum of fungi which have cross-walls or septa in the mycelium. The perfect state is characterized by the formation of a saclike cell (ascus) containing ascospores. Most pathogenic fungi with a known perfect state belong to this phylum.
A field of study concerned with the principles and processes governing the geographic distributions of genealogical lineages, especially those within and among closely related species. (Avise, J.C., Phylogeography: The History and Formation of Species. Harvard University Press, 2000)
Diseases of domestic swine and of the wild boar of the genus Sus.
The branch of science concerned with the interrelationship of organisms and their ENVIRONMENT, especially as manifested by natural cycles and rhythms, community development and structure, interactions between different kinds of organisms, geographic distributions, and population alterations. (Webster's, 3d ed)
An individual in which both alleles at a given locus are identical.
A plant species of the family FABACEAE that yields edible seeds, the familiar peanuts, which contain protein, oil and lectins.
Mice bearing mutant genes which are phenotypically expressed in the animals.
A general term most often used to describe severe or complete loss of muscle strength due to motor system disease from the level of the cerebral cortex to the muscle fiber. This term may also occasionally refer to a loss of sensory function. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p45)
The transfer of POLLEN grains (male gametes) to the plant ovule (female gamete).
The family of carnivorous or omnivorous bears, having massive bodies, coarse heavy fur, relatively short limbs, and almost rudimentary tails.
The genetic constitution of individuals with respect to one member of a pair of allelic genes, or sets of genes that are closely linked and tend to be inherited together such as those of the MAJOR HISTOCOMPATIBILITY COMPLEX.
The determination of the pattern of genes expressed at the level of GENETIC TRANSCRIPTION, under specific circumstances or in a specific cell.
An essential amino acid. It is often added to animal feed.
A species of CERCOPITHECUS containing three subspecies: C. tantalus, C. pygerythrus, and C. sabeus. They are found in the forests and savannah of Africa. The African green monkey (C. pygerythrus) is the natural host of SIMIAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS and is used in AIDS research.
The process of moving proteins from one cellular compartment (including extracellular) to another by various sorting and transport mechanisms such as gated transport, protein translocation, and vesicular transport.
This single species of Gorilla, which is a member of the HOMINIDAE family, is the largest and most powerful of the PRIMATES. It is distributed in isolated scattered populations throughout forests of equatorial Africa.

Comparison of Ehrlichia muris strains isolated from wild mice and ticks and serologic survey of humans and animals with E. muris as antigen. (1/1525)

In metropolitan Tokyo, the Ehrlichia muris seropositivity rate of 24 wild mice was 63% in Hinohara Village, but in the surrounding areas, it was 0 to 5%. This finding suggests that the reservoir of E. muris is focal. Among the 15 seropositive mice, ehrlichiae were isolated from 9 Apodemus speciosus mice and 1 A. argenteus mouse, respectively. Five ehrlichial isolates were obtained from 10 ticks (Haemaphysalis flava) collected in Asuke Town, Aichi Prefecture, where the E. muris type strain had been isolated. These new isolates were compared with the E. muris type strain. The mouse virulence and ultrastructure of the new isolates were similar to those of the type strain, and all of them were cross-reactive with each other, as well as with the type strain, by indirect immunofluorescent-antibody test. The levels of similarity of the base sequences of the 16S rRNA gene of one of the A. speciosus isolates and one of the tick isolates to that of the E. muris type strain were 99.79 and 99.93%, respectively. We suggest that all of these isolates are E. muris; that E. muris is not limited to Eothenomys kageus but infects other species of mice; and that E. muris is present at locations other than Aichi Prefecture. It appears that H. flava is a potential vector of E. muris. Twenty (1%) of 1803 humans from metropolitan Tokyo were found to be seropositive for E. muris antibodies. A serological survey revealed that exposure to E. muris or organisms antigenically cross-reactive to E. muris occurred among dogs, wild mice, monkeys, bears, deer, and wild boars in Gifu Prefecture, nearby prefectures, and Nagoya City, central Japan. However, human beings and Rattus norvegicus rats in this area were seronegative. These results indicate broader geographic distribution of and human and animal species exposure to E. muris or related Ehrlichia spp. in Japan.  (+info)

Use of protein AG in an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for screening for antibodies against parapoxvirus in wild animals in Japan. (2/1525)

Using protein AG in an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), we tried to detect antibodies against parapoxvirus in 9 species of wild animals in Japan: the Japanese badger (Meles meles anakuma), Japanese black bear (Ursus thibetanus japonicus), Japanese deer (Cervus nippon centralis), Japanese monkey (Macaca fuscata), Japanese raccoon dog (Nyctereutes procyonoides viverrinus), Japanese serow (Capricornis crispus), Japanese wild boar (Sus scrofa leucomystax), masked palm civet (Paguma larvata), and nutria (Myocastor coypus). A total of 272 serum samples were collected over the period from 1984 to 1995 and were tested by the protein AG-ELISA, the agar gel immunodiffusion test, and an indirect immunofluorescence assay. The protein AG-ELISA was effective in a serological survey for parapoxvirus in wild animals, and antibodies were detected only in Japanese serows. A total of 24 of 66 (36.4%) Japanese serows reacted positively, and they were found in almost all prefectures in all years tested. These results suggest that epizootic cycles of parapoxvirus exist widely in Japanese serows and that they could be reservoirs for the virus in the field in Japan. Moreover, it is probable that they might carry the virus to domestic animals such as cattle, sheep, and goats.  (+info)

Epidemiological study of paratuberculosis in wild rabbits in Scotland. (3/1525)

A survey of 22 farms confirmed the presence of paratuberculosis in wild rabbits in Scotland. Regional differences were apparent in the prevalence of the disease in rabbits, with a significantly higher incidence occurring in the Tayside region. Statistical analysis showed a significant relationship between a previous history or current problem of paratuberculosis in cattle and the presence of paratuberculosis in rabbits on the farms. Molecular genetic typing techniques could not discriminate between selected rabbit and cattle isolates from the same or different farms, suggesting that the same strain may infect and cause disease in both species and that interspecies transmission may occur. The possibility of interspecies transmission and the involvement of wildlife in the epidemiology of paratuberculosis have important implications for the control of the disease.  (+info)

Human rabies postexposure prophylaxis during a raccoon rabies epizootic in New York, 1993 and 1994. (4/1525)

We describe the epidemiology of human rabies postexposure prophylaxis (PEP) in four upstate New York counties during the 1st and 2nd year of a raccoon rabies epizootic. We obtained data from records of 1,173 persons whose rabies PEP was reported to local health departments in 1993 and 1994. Mean annual PEP incidence rates were highest in rural counties, in summer, and in patients 10 to 14 and 35 to 44 years of age. PEP given after bites was primarily associated with unvaccinated dogs and cats, but most (70%) was not attributable to bites. Although pet vaccination and stray animal control, which target direct exposure, remain the cornerstones of human rabies prevention, the risk for rabies by the nonbite route (e. g., raccoon saliva on pet dogs' and cats' fur) should also be considered.  (+info)

Survey of Bartonella species infecting intradomicillary animals in the Huayllacallan Valley, Ancash, Peru, a region endemic for human bartonellosis. (5/1525)

The natural cycle of Bartonella bacilliformis remains uncertain, and the suspected existence of animal reservoirs for the bacterium has never been convincingly demonstrated. We conducted a survey of Bartonella species infecting intradomicillary animals in a bartonellosis-endemic region of Peru, obtaining blood from 50 animals living in the homes of 11 families whose children had recently had bartonellosis. Bartonella-like bacteria were recovered from four of nine small rodents included in the study, but from none of the 41 domesticated animals. Identification and comparison of these isolates, and two Bartonella-like isolates obtained from Phyllotis mice in a different endemic region of Peru using serologic and genotypic methods indicated that although none were strains of B. bacilliformis, five were probably representatives of three previously unrecognized Bartonella species and one was a likely strain of the pathogenic species B. elizabethae.  (+info)

Characterization of potential endocrine-related health effects at low-dose levels of exposure to PCBs. (6/1525)

This article addresses issues related to the characterization of endocrine-related health effects resulting from low-level exposures to polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs). It is not intended to be a comprehensive review of the literature but reflects workshop discussions. "The Characterizing the Effects of Endocrine Disruptors on Human Health at Environmental Exposure Levels," workshop provided a forum to discuss the methods and data needed to improve risk assessments of endocrine disruptors. This article contains an overview of endocrine-related (estrogen and thyroid system) interactions and other low-dose effects of PCBs. The data set on endocrine effects includes results obtained from mechanistic methods/ and models (receptor based, metabolism based, and transport protein based), as well as from (italic)in vivo(/italic) models, including studies with experimental animals and wildlife species. Other low-dose effects induced by PCBs, such as neurodevelopmental and reproductive effects and endocrine-sensitive tumors, have been evaluated with respect to a possible causative linkage with PCB-induced alterations in endocrine systems. In addition, studies of low-dose exposure and effects in human populations are presented and critically evaluated. A list of conclusions and recommendations is included.  (+info)

Genetic structure of natural populations of Escherichia coli in wild hosts on different continents. (7/1525)

Current knowledge of genotypic and phenotypic diversity in the species Escherichia coli is based almost entirely on strains recovered from humans or zoo animals. In this study, we analyzed a collection of 202 strains obtained from 81 mammalian species representing 39 families and 14 orders in Australia and the Americas, as well as several reference strains; we also included a strain from a reptile and 10 from different families of birds collected in Mexico. The strains were characterized genotypically by multilocus enzyme electrophoresis (MLEE) and phenotypically by patterns of sugar utilization, antibiotic resistance, and plasmid profile. MLEE analysis yielded an estimated genetic diversity (H) of 0.682 for 11 loci. The observed genetic diversity in this sample is the greatest yet reported for E. coli. However, this genetic diversity is not randomly distributed; geographic effects and host taxonomic group accounted for most of the genetic differentiation. The genetic relationship among the strains showed that they are more associated by origin and host order than is expected by chance. In a dendrogram, the ancestral cluster includes primarily strains from Australia and ECOR strains from groups B and C. The most differentiated E. coli in our analysis are strains from Mexican carnivores and strains from humans, including those in the ECOR group A. The kinds and numbers of sugars utilized by the strains varied by host taxonomic group and country of origin. Strains isolated from bats were found to exploit the greatest range of sugars, while those from primates utilized the fewest. Toxins are more frequent in strains from rodents from both continents than in any other taxonomic group. Strains from Mexican wild mammals were, on average, as resistant to antibiotics as strains from humans in cities. On average, the Australian strains presented a lower antibiotic resistance than the Mexican strains. However, strains recovered from hosts in cities carried significantly more plasmids than did strains isolated from wild mammals. Previous studies have shown that natural populations of E. coli harbor an extensive genetic diversity that is organized in a limited number of clones. However, knowledge of this worldwide bacterium has been limited. Here, we suggest that the strains from a wide range of wild hosts from different regions of the world are organized in an ecotypic structure where adaptation to the host plays an important role in the population structure.  (+info)

Interspecies transmission of feline immunodeficiency virus from the domestic cat to the Tsushima cat (Felis bengalensis euptilura) in the wild. (8/1525)

Feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) was isolated from a wild-caught Tsushima cat (Felis bengalensis euptilura), an endangered Japanese nondomestic subspecies of leopard cat (F. bengalensis). Phylogenetic analysis of the env gene sequences indicated that the FIV from the Tsushima cat belonged to a cluster of subtype D FIVs from domestic cats. FIVs from both the Tsushima cat and the domestic cat showed similar levels of replication and cytopathicity in lymphoid cell lines derived from these two species. The results indicated the occurrence of interspecies transmission of FIV from the domestic cat to the Tsushima cat in the wild.  (+info)

Since its inception in 2004, the Wildlife Services National Wildlife Disease Program (NWDP) has collected almost 600,000 samples from more than 200 wildlife species across the United States, Puerto Rico and Guam. Its mission is to survey for wildlife diseases, parasites and disease-causing agents of agricultural and human health concern. NWDP experts also serve as first responders to emergencies, such as disease outbreaks, natural disasters and oil spills.. In 2017, NWDP disease biologists collected more than 28,000 samples (see table below) in order to monitor for diseases, such as avian influenza, pseudorabies, plague and leptospirosis. With 32 wildlife disease biologists across the country, NWDP and its partners provide an early warning system to Americas agricultural producers, natural resources managers and public health officials who may be impacted by wildlife disease outbreaks.. As first responders, NWDP biologists can be mobilized within 24 to 48 hours of an emergency response ...
JORGE, Rodrigo Silva Pinto et al. Exposure of free-ranging wild carnivores, horses and domestic dogs to Leptospira spp in the northern Pantanal, Brazil. Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz [online]. 2011, vol.106, n.4, pp.441-444. ISSN 0074-0276. Leptospirosis is a zoonotic disease affecting most mammals and is distributed throughout the world. Several species of domestic and wild animals may act as reservoirs for this disease. The purpose of this study was to assess the exposure of free-ranging wild carnivores, horses and domestic dogs on a private reserve located in the northern Pantanal (Brazil) and the surrounding areas to Leptospira spp from 2002-2006, 75 free-ranging wild carnivores were captured in the Pantanal and serum samples were collected. In addition, samples from 103 domestic dogs and 23 horses in the region were collected. Serum samples were tested for the presence of Leptospira antibodies using the microscopic agglutination test. Thirty-two ...
The Wildlife Data Integration Network (WDIN), is a dynamic and evolving Web resource ever working to adapt to the changing landscape of wildlife disease. Its many products and services provide a gateway to a comprehensive collection of wildlife disease resources, as well as a means for staying abreast of current wildlife disease issues ...
The Wildlife Data Integration Network (WDIN), is a dynamic and evolving Web resource ever working to adapt to the changing landscape of wildlife disease. Its many products and services provide a gateway to a comprehensive collection of wildlife disease resources, as well as a means for staying abreast of current wildlife disease issues ...
The University of Tennessee student chapter of the Wildlife Disease Association met at NIMBioS last week for an introduction to mathematical modeling of wildlife diseases including rabies.. Participants learned about the value of mathematical models for describing and understanding biological phenomena and interacted with a MATLAB model on vaccination for rabies in raccoons. They were also introduced to agent-based modeling of infectious disease with Netlogo. NIMBioS Associate Director of Education & Outreach Suzanne Lenhart and Director Louis Gross led the event with Education & Outreach Coordinator Kelly Sturner assisting.. The chapter is preparing to help host the 62nd International Conference of the Wildlife Disease Association to be held in Knoxville, July 27-Aug. 2, 2013. NIMBioS will give a full day workshop to students on July 28 called Introduction to Population Wildlife Disease Modeling, which will be offered to graduate and advanced undergraduate students attending the ...
NBII Wildlife Disease Information Node 2002 [Indexes and Abstracts]. WDIN is a collaborative project working to develop a Web-based monitoring and reporting system to provide state and federal resource managers, animal disease specialists, veterinary diagnostic laboratories, physicians, public health workers, educators, and the general public with access to data on wildlife diseases, mortality events, and other critical related information. Data are contributed voluntarily, with partners deciding which data they choose to share. The resulting distributed wildlife disease data warehouse can be a valuable resource for all to share and use to enhance the understanding, surveillance, management, control, and prevention of wildlife diseases around the world.. ...
A new initiative was launched today to investigate the health of wildlife disease in Britain.. Launched by a new partnership between the Zoological Society of London (ZSL), the British Trust for Ornithology (BTO), Froglife and the Royal Society for the Protection of Birds (RSPB) and based on the predecessor projects, Garden Bird Health initiative and the Frog Mortality Project; the Garden Wildlife Heath Project launches today.. To find out more about todays launch follow this link to ZSLs website and find out more about the Garden Wildlife Health Project here.. This is an exciting project and we hope that anyone who loves amphibians or reptiles will take part in the project and let others know about it and as the launch says help Nurture the nature in your garden. ...
Journal of Wildlife Diseases publishes work on infectious, parasitic, toxic, nutritional, physiologic, and neoplastic diseases impacting wild animals.
Journal of Wildlife Diseases publishes work on infectious, parasitic, toxic, nutritional, physiologic, and neoplastic diseases impacting wild animals.
Journal of Wildlife Diseases publishes work on infectious, parasitic, toxic, nutritional, physiologic, and neoplastic diseases impacting wild animals.
This book offers an all-encompassing resource for reliable information on the medical management of wild birds, mammals, amphibians, and turtles. Focusing on the medical information relevant to the wildlife setting, it covers triage, emergency care, and other key considerations in handling, diagnosing, and treating wild animals. The books population-based approach encourages practitioners to understand individual animal care within the broader context. Medical Management of Wildlife Species: A Guide for Practitioners begins with a brief summary of natural history, and introductory chapters address general topics such as pre-release conditioning, post-release monitoring, and legal issues associated with handling wildlife species. Species-specific chapters provide practical information on medical management, including the most prevalent concerns for each species and the epidemiology of infectious diseases. ...
Despite calls for improved responses to emerging infectious diseases in wildlife, management is seldom considered until a disease has been detected in affected populations. Reactive approaches may limit the potential for control and increase total response costs. An alternative, proactive management framework can identify immediate actions that reduce future impacts even before a disease is detected, and plan subsequent actions that are conditional on disease emergence. We identify four main obstacles to developing proactive management strategies for the newly discovered salamander pathogen Batrachochytrium salamandrivorans (Bsal). Given that uncertainty is a hallmark of wildlife disease management and that associated decisions are often complicated by multiple competing objectives, we advocate using decision analysis to create and evaluate trade-offs between proactive (pre-emergence) and reactive (post-emergence) management options. Policy makers and natural resource agency personnel can apply
Wildlife diseases are an often-overlooked threat. We give you the short details on seven little-known bacteria, fungi or viruses threatening wild species.
As the worlds climate warms, parasite-carried wildlife diseases will move north, with animals in cold far-north and high-altitude regions expected to suffer the most dramatic increases, warns a study to be published on Friday in the journal Science.
The scientific program of the 65th annual international Wildlife Disease Association conference begins on Monday, August 1, 2016 and goes through Friday, August 5, 2016. The schedule shown below is subject to change prior to the start of the conference. Please return to this page for the latest program schedule ...
2.3 Nutritional value meat from wild animals. A number of studies on the nutritional value of wild animal meat indicate that bushmeat is comparable if not better than domestic meat. The general trend is that the meat of most wild animal species tends to be low in fat, while equal or better than beef, mutton, chicken or pork in protein content and much higher in vitamin content (Tables 2.7 and 2.8). Apart from the large game species, nutritional studies on wild animals have been carried out for non-conventional species such as rodents, insects and snails. Nutritional studies of rodents used as food in the Zambezian woodland gave average protein content of 24% (fresh weight); fat content of 2.816.8% and ash consent of % for twelve species (Malaise and Parent 1982, see Table 2.7). Based on these results, the authors concluded that the nutritive value of rodents places them on the same level as beef and chicken.. Several species of insects used for food in Africa have high protein and calorific ...
As Chinas government prepares new laws to ban wildlife trade, it looks like the countrys fur and traditional medicine sectors will continue as usual.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Performance analysis of SVM with quadratic kernel and logistic regression in classification of wild animals. AU - Suhas, M. V.. AU - Swathi, B. P.. PY - 2019/1/1. Y1 - 2019/1/1. N2 - In an attempt to develop a system to classify the wild animals using image processing and classification techniques, we study the usage of Haralick textural features are used in wild animal classification which is a computer aided pattern recognition system. The Haralick features from two wild animal classes that include leopard and wildcat are extracted to from the image database. Support Vector Machine (SVM) with quadratic kernel function model and Logistic Regression (LR) model are developed and tested using the created dataset. In each case, the performance of the classifier is measured.We also compare the performances of SVM and LR with and without pre-processing the dataset using Principal Component Analysis (PCA). This study reveals an increment in the accuracy post pre-processing of the ...
Cambridge, UK, 1 June 2007-The European Union (EU) tops the list for major importer by value for many wild animal and plant products, including tropical ...
Wildlife trade is any sale or exchange of wild animal and plant resources by people. This can involve live animals and plants or a diverse range of products needed or prized by humans-including skins, medicinal ingredients, tourist curios, timber, fish and other food products.
In the longer term, the pandemic may provide the impetus to properly address the issue. This is because, while the illegal wildlife trade was once criticised almost purely in terms of conservation, it is now also being considered in relation to broader themes of biosecurity, public health and economic impact.. It is only in the wake of the COVID-19 outbreak that the full scale of Chinas industry is emerging, with the temporary ban covering some 20,000 captive breeding enterprises and 54 different species allowed to be traded domestically. A report by the Chinese Academy of Engineering estimates the wildlife farming industry is worth around US$57 billion annually. These breeding centres are allowed to operate under loopholes in Chinese domestic law, arguably against the spirit of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora.. The parallel illegal trade is less easy to quantify, but globally it is valued by the UN at around US$23 billion. Given the resulting ...
Bareilly: In a milestone for wildlife conservation in the country, Indian Veterinary Research Institute (IVRI) here is setting up a DNA bank for wild animals, the first of its kind in North India. Scientists have so far collected samples of 140 species.. Through the DNA bank, scientists at IVRIs Centre for Wildlife will be able to tell the name and schedule of the species if they get only a part of the meat, hair, blood, skin or bone of any animal. Besides, the centre is also collecting serum of animals. The move will help clamp down on wildlife poaching and smuggling, and also aid in research on wildlife species, scientists said. A DNA bank exists in Hyderabad at present.. Talking to TOI, principal scientist and in-charge of the Centre for Wildlife, IVRI, A K Sharma said, On the instruction of director of IVRI R K Sharma, we have started setting up a DNA bank at our institute. We have already collected samples of all species which are targets of poachers. We have samples of tigers, leopards, ...
The American Association of Wildlife Veterinarians was formed in 1979 by a small group of veterinarians with a common interest in free-ranging wildlife. Initially, most members worked for government wildlife management agencies. But, with the rise of conservation biology and a better societal appreciation for what veterinarians can bring to wildlife health and conservation, current AAWV members work at academic institutions, in domestic animal private practice, at zoos and aquaria, and with state/provincial and federal agencies. Members engage in wildlife health research, clinical medicine, teaching, disease surveillance, regulatory work, and administration. ...
Wildlife Health Australia (Formerly Australian Wildlife Health Network) aims to develop strong partnerships in order to better manage the adverse effects of wildlife diseases on Australias animal health industries, human health, biodiversity, trade and tourism.
While we may be familiar with the impact that deforestation and environmental pollution has on the worlds species, most people overlook the massive role that the illegal wildlife trade plays in species extinction.
Photos like this fuel animal abuse and the illegal wildlife trade. Instagram has launched a campaign to educate users about the harm wildlife selfies can cause. Tigertemple by Dmitri 1999. CC BY 3.0. Wildlife selfies can be seriously problematic. In October, National Geographic published an investigative article on the trend of selfie safaris, in which tourists pay money to take pictures of themselves interacting with wild animals. This practice fuels animal abuse and threats to wild animal populations. In light of reports from National Geographic and other organizations, Instagram is stepping up.. In order to educate users about the harm caused by wildlife selfies, Instagram has initiated a new alert system. When users enter a hashtag that is related to wildlife selfies or the illegal wildlife trade, they will receive a pop-up warning them of the dangers associated with those activities. Users will then be able to follow links…. ...
Skunk is among the wild animal known to carry not only parasites in the feces and urine but also lots of dangerous diseases that can easily be transmitted to human. One of such diseases which one can easily get from touching or breathing skunk feces is listerosis disease. This is a disease of nervous system of mammals and can be severe if not controlled immediately. Pregnant women can easily have miscarriage when affected by this bacterial disease from wild animal feces. So, you must stay away from wild animal feces if you want to remain healthy and enjoy your life ...
Land use influences disease emergence by changing the ecological dynamics of humans, wildlife, domestic animals, and pathogens. This is a central tenet of One Health, and one that is gaining momentum in wildlife management decision-making in the United States. Using almost 2000 serological samples collected from non-native wild pigs (Sus scrofa) throughout Florida (U.S.), we compared the prevalence and exposure risk of two directly transmitted pathogens, pseudorabies virus (PrV) and Brucella spp., to test the hypothesis that disease emergence would be positively correlated with one of the most basic wildlife management operations: Hunting. The seroprevalence of PrV-Brucella spp. coinfection or PrV alone was higher for wild pigs in land management areas that allowed hunting with dogs than in areas that culled animals using other harvest methods. This pattern did not hold for Brucella alone. The likelihood of exposure to PrV, but not Brucella spp., was also significantly higher among wild pigs at hunted
Howletts Wild Animal Park+44 (0)844 842 4647workGroup VisitsHowletts Wild Animal Park, near Canterbury, offers an exciting and educational day out for groups and families of all ages. In 2015, the successful wild animal park will be celebrating its 40th birthday with a host of events and activities taking place to mark this special occasion so join in the fun with us ...
In recent years, human feeding appears to be one of the major causes of inducing the unnatural growth of monkey and wild pig population in Hong Kong. Through frequent contacts with humans, these wild animals might lose their instinctive fear to humans and become habituated to stay near the urban area to approach human for food. Some of them might even become aggressive and stray into nearby urban settlement for searching of abandoned rubbish, or snatching plastic bags from human and causing human-wild animals conflict in the society. To abate the conflict, Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department (AFCD) has adopted multiple approaches, including the enactment of feeding ban under Wild Animals Protection Ordinance in 1999 and the implementation of contraceptive programme for long-term control of the monkey and wild pig population. Meanwhile, various educational and publicity programmes have also been implemented by AFCD to educate the public about the negative consequence of feeding ...
Date: April 15, 2019. Abstract: Illegal wildlife trade (e.g. illegal trade of ivory harvested from poached elephants) is one of the main threats to biodiversity, involving thousands of species. Traditionally, illegal wildlife trade has thrived on physical markets. In this age of global connectivity, however, illegal wildlife trade has moved to online markets, especially social media platforms. Social media and other digital platforms offer good conditions for illegal wildlife trade to thrive, as the platforms are easily accessible and have a high number of users. While this represents a pressing threat to the species targeted in the illegal wildlife trade, scientists can use data mined from digital platforms to investigate illegal wildlife trade at an unprecedented spatio-temporal scale. The use of digital data sources in combination with methods from artificial intelligence can potentially be used to provide new insights, which might help stop illegal wildlife trade. Many social media platforms ...
Québecs annual workshop on wildlife health was held in Quebec City last month. This two day workshop, known as the Journées réseau faune-zoo, is organised by the provincial Health, Agriculture and Wildlife departments and the Québec regional CCWHC office. This year, over 50 veterinarians, biologists and technicians with an interest in wildlife health participated in the event. Several presentations about issues currently affecting wildlife health in the Province of Quebec were given. These included topics such as Winter ticks in moose, problems of supplemental feeding in deer, fish health issues, mortality of beluga whale calves, West Nile Virus infections in birds and people, rabies in Arctic foxes, Lyme disease, and tularemia and parasites in caribou. For more information on this workshop please contact the regional CCWHC director, Stéphane Lair ([email protected]).. ...
Healthy wildlife and ecosystems have evolved defenses to fend off most diseases before they have devastating impacts.. But when wildlife is stressed, exposure to microbes, parasites, toxins, and other biological and physical agents can cause wildlife diseases. Here is information about diseases found in the Northeast and diseases of concern in Vermont, as well as information on what to do if you find a sick or injured animal.. ...
But when wildlife is stressed, exposure to microbes, parasites, toxins, and other biological and physical agents can cause wildlife diseases. Here is information about diseases found in the Northeast and diseases of concern in Vermont, as well as information on what to do if you find a sick or injured animal.. ...
THS Director, Rick Speare, gave the opening address at the Australian Wildlife Rehabilitation Conference being held in Townsville 16-20 July. The lecture was titled Adventures in wildlife disease research: from benign curiosities to global epidemics. In this talk Rick discussed an eclectic range of conditions in Australian wildlife that he had investigated over 34 years of research: from strange parasites and diseases in macropods and possums to globally significant work on diseases causing epidemics in wild amphibians. He also highlighted the important role wildlife carers can play in unraveling the mysteries of wildlife diseases. This not only improves the outcomes of rehabilitation of individual animals, but can add significantly to conservation of wildlife. Wildlife carers are the eyes of the wildlife disease surveillance system.. For a researcher interested in new diseases wildlife is the last frontier. The vast and varied Australian fauna gives immense possibilities for pathogens to call ...
Wildlife Health Australia (Formerly Australian Wildlife Health Network) aims to develop strong partnerships in order to better manage the adverse effects of wildlife diseases on Australias animal health industries, human health, biodiversity, trade and tourism.
Journal of Wildlife Diseases publishes work on infectious, parasitic, toxic, nutritional, physiologic, and neoplastic diseases impacting wild animals.
Wild rats, Rattus spp, have adapted so well to urbanization that humans may be obligatory to their survival. Consequently, rats foul human food sources, predate threatened fauna and serve as reservoirs for disease, costing the US economy $19 billion in losses year -1. Urban rat ecology however, remains vastly unexplored because these animals are cryptic, crepuscular, difficult to identify, and hazardous to handle. Additionally, the high-rise buildings that block satellite link-ups, underground sewers and subway tunnels, and rebar enforced concrete covered landscape make it difficult-if not impossible- to track urban animals using traditional radio telemetry. Consequently, there are few ecological studies with free-ranging urban rats. Therefore, we set out to monitor the behaviors and health of free-ranging rats in metropolitan New York. Recognizing that wild rats are attracted to live laboratory-reared conspecifics and that they are sensitive to pheromones, we used soiled rat bedding to repeatedly
Health,Scientists and experts on wildlife health from the Bronx Zoo-based Wil...WCS is currently working with Mongolian agencies on the ground in Mo...According to WCS avian influenza prevention activities should inclu...The outbreak of avian influenza in Mongolia has coincided with confi...A joint WCS-Mongolia team that was working in western Mongolia immed...,Experts,Recommend,Preventive,Measures,For,Avian,Flu,To,Begin,From,Farms,medicine,medical news today,latest medical news,medical newsletters,current medical news,latest medicine news
Because salmonella infection can cause dehydration, treatment focuses on rehydrating the patient and replacing fluids and electrolytes. Severe cases may necessitate hospitalization and the administration of fluids directly into a vein (intravenous). Those that are showing symptoms of salmonella should contact a doctor right away.. Consult your veterinarian if you suspect your pet has Salmonella. Salmonella infections may require immediate medical attention and fluids. If your pet is seriously ill, it may need antibiotics or be admitted to a veterinary clinic. Your veterinarian is the best person to ask about your pets health.. Sick wildlife on your property may be the reason you or your pet has caught salmonella. Inspect your property for signs of animals such as tracks, droppings, or nests. If pests are present, contact a wildlife removal technician right away. Animals Happens certified professionals will survey your home and implement devices to deter salmonella spreading animals such as ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - GENETIC CHARACTERIZATION OF H13 AND H16 INFLUENZA A VIRUSES IN GULLS (LARUS SPP.) WITH CLINICALLY SEVERE DISEASE AND CONCURRENT CIRCOVIRUS INFECTION. AU - Lindh, Erika. AU - Ek-Kommonen, Christine. AU - Isomursu, Marja. AU - Alasaari, Jukka. AU - Vaheri, Antti. AU - Vapalahti, Olli. AU - Huovilainen, Anita. PY - 2017/7. Y1 - 2017/7. KW - Circovirus. KW - gulls. KW - H13. KW - H16. KW - influenza A virus. KW - molecular epidemiology. KW - BLACK-HEADED GULLS. KW - AVIAN INFLUENZA. KW - WILD BIRDS. KW - EVOLUTION. KW - PATTERNS. KW - DUCKS. KW - CHAIN. KW - H5. KW - 413 Veterinary science. U2 - 10.7589/2016-09-212. DO - 10.7589/2016-09-212. M3 - Article. VL - 53. SP - 561. EP - 571. JO - Journal of Wildlife Diseases. JF - Journal of Wildlife Diseases. SN - 0090-3558. IS - 3. ER - ...
One of the most common things that you can encounter in areas where there are wild animals present is their feces, and while it isnt always clear to see and will often have been covered, it is always worth being cautious when dealing with this material. Pets and domestic animals will often be drawn by their natural curiosity to investigate the feces, while it is important to try and deter them from this natural instinct, as they too can suffer from diseases in the feces. While it is best to try and take measures prevent wild animals from coming within range of your property to leave their feces, there are ways that you can remove and clean the feces too, but it is very important to do this correctly and safely ...
A safari of coloring and puzzles! Includes:|br||I||I|• Wild Animals Activity Book|/I|: 34 activities — coloring, crosswords, hidden pictures, and more|br|• |I|Wild Animals Coloring Book|/I|: rhinoceros, snow leopard, giraffe, gorilla, tiger, 42 more|br||/I|• 11 x 16 two-sided Color Your Own poster |br|• Crayons
Develop your childs imagination and love of nature with 15 Wild Animal paper models for them to cut out, color and display. Spark your childs creativity and understanding of the animal Kingdom with Cut, Color, and Fold: Wild Animals. Cut out and decorate Lions, Zebras, Tigers and more as your child unleashed their cr
Wild animal permits. Provides that a licensed commercial animal dealer is not exempt from the law requiring certain persons to obtain a state wild animal permit.
Shop Shell Education Math Readers Level K: Wild Animals Language Arts Workbook, Preschool - Grade 1 [Enhanced eBook] at Staples. Choose from our wide selection of Shell Education Math Readers Level K: Wild Animals Language Arts Workbook, Preschool - Grade 1 [Enhanced eBook] and get fast & free shipping on select orders.
The California Department of Fish and Game (CDFG) appreciates the many public and private animal control departments, veterinarians, shelters, rescue organizations and volunteers that provide humane care for wild animals. These organizations provide an important service and are often called upon to be first responders for wildlife emergencies and to find legal placement for the care of wild birds and animals.. What should I do if I find, or a client brings me, an injured or orphaned wild animal?. The California Code of Regulations, Title 14, Section 679, states that the public has 48 hours to contact the Department of Fish and Game or a licensed rehabilitator to place an injured or orphaned wild animal. Veterinarians must also comply with this regulation if they are not a permitted wildlife rehabilitation facility, or working directly with a licensed rehabilitator. The Department recognizes that there are times when a wild animal may need intensive care for more that 48 hours. In these cases ...
Tokay geckos, a type of gecko known for the to-kay sound it makes, are caught in the wild and often imported into the pet trade in the U.S. Sonia Hernandez, an associate professor of wildlife diseases, imported geckos from Indonesia to study how they respond to antibiotics. She and Christine Casey, a graduate student in the College of Veterinary Medicine, collected fecal samples from the geckos and tested them against common antibiotics. They found that the bacteria from the geckos intestines-known as enteric bacteria-were resistant to the antibiotics. The findings were published in a recent issue of Science of the Total Environment. The study shows how importing animals can introduce bacteria into households, said Hernandez, who is jointly appointed to the Southeastern Cooperative Wildlife Disease Study, based in the college, and the Warnell School of Forestry and Natural Resources. In general, its a good idea to know what bacteria an animal is bringing in. Any new animal, especially one ...
Compiled by a team of international wildlife and veterinary experts, a new study has identified seven routes by which pandemics could occur and 161 options for reducing the risk.. It concludes that widespread changes to the way we interact with animals are needed. The COVID-19 pandemic, thought to originate in a wild animal, has shown the enormous damage that can be wrought by a novel human disease.. There have since been widespread calls for new regulations to control interactions with wild animals to prevent the emergence of another pandemic - such as one caused by a coronavirus like SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19. The authors of the new report argue that well-meaning but simplistic actions such as complete bans on hunting and wildlife trade, wet markets or consumption of wild animals may be unachievable and are not enough to prevent another pandemic.. Zoonotic diseases of epidemic potential can also transmit from farmed wildlife (such as civets) and domesticated animals (as ...
The whole of the literary matter of the International Symposia on Veterinary Epidemiology and Economics proceedings is copyright International Symposia on Veterinary Epidemiology and Economics, Downloading this article signifies agreement with the terms and conditions of electronic access.. ...
Cats are responsible for the deaths of 1.4 to 3.7 billion birds and 6.9 to 20.7 billion mammals every year, according to research conducted by the Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute and the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. The study, published on Tuesday in the journal Nature Communications, highlighted the impact that both un-owned cats and owned cats have on wildlife populations in the United States. Feral, un-owned cats are responsible for the majority of deaths, and the study found previous wildlife mortality estimates to be far too low. It remained to be seen what large-scale impacts the killing sprees have on wildlife populations. PHOTOS: Crazy Cats Its hard to know, Dr. Peter Marra, research scientist at the Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute and co-author of the study, told ABC News. We think there are 15 to 20 billion adult land birds in the U.S. If we are suggesting 2.3 billion are killed annually, that means 1 in 10 birds are taken by cats every year. The findings ...
The wildlife health network has been collecting information on wildlife health in Australia through its system of state and territory coordinators since 2002. As part of reporting arrangements, wildlife coordinators are asked to report monthly on any interesting or unusual cases in their jurisdictions. Lyme disease and infection with Borrelia spp. is included in this category. These data are collated and stored in the National Wildlife Health Information System (NeWHIS - NOTE: access to this dataset is restricted. If you would like access please contact [email protected] NeWHIS contains no reports of Lyme disease or Borrelia spp. infection in any native or introduced species over this time period. The Australian Registry of Wildlife Health, which maintains a database of detailed pathology records from cases of disease in Australian wildlife also has no records of infection with any species of Borrelia in any species of Australian native ...
The Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife (WDFW) is dedicated to preserving, protecting and perpetuating fish, wildlife and ecosystems, while providing sustainable recreational and commercial opportunities dependent on viable fish and wildlife populations. Each day, WDFW employees facilitate fishing, hunting and wildlife viewing opportunities for millions of residents and visitors. WDFWs employees-field and laboratory biologists, geneticists, research scientists, hatchery professionals, policy experts, fully commissioned law enforcement officers, land stewards, lab technicians, property acquisition specialists, customer service representatives and others work throughout the state. WDFW employees protect and restore critical habitat, strive to facilitate species recovery when necessary, and manage hundreds of fish and wildlife species. WDFW employees maintain nearly a million acres of public wildlife lands. They interpret, apply and enforce state and federal laws and collaborate with ...
MISSISSIPPI LEGISLATURE. 1997 Regular Session. To: Game and Fish. By: Representative Ellzey. House Bill 1520. AN ACT TO CLASSIFY CERTAIN WILD ANIMALS AS INHERENTLY DANGEROUS TO HUMANS; TO PROVIDE FOR THE STRICT REGULATION OF SUCH ANIMALS; TO PROHIBIT THE POSSESSION OF SUCH ANIMALS; TO ALLOW PERSONS POSSESSING SUCH ANIMALS TO CONTINUE IF CERTAIN REQUIREMENTS ARE MET; TO REQUIRE PERMITS FOR SUCH ANIMALS; TO PROVIDE PENALTIES FOR VIOLATIONS; TO AUTHORIZE THE COMMISSION ON WILDLIFE, FISHERIES AND PARKS AND THE DEPARTMENT OF WILDLIFE, FISHERIES AND PARKS TO ADMINISTER THIS ACT; AND FOR RELATED PURPOSES. BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF MISSISSIPPI:. SECTION 1. The Legislature finds and declares that it is in the public interest to ensure the public health, safety and welfare by strictly regulating the importation, sale, transfer and possession of those wild animals inherently dangerous to humans. In addition, the Legislature finds that these wild animals may pose a threat of ...
Unfortunately this is not restoration rather it is degradation.. The first goal to cut risk of uncharacteristic wildfire demonstrates a failure to understand wildfire ecology. . There are no uncharacteristic wildfires occurring in the SWCC. The bulk of this area consists of forests like lodgepole pine, subalpine fir, western larch and so forth that naturally burn as mixed to high severity fires. They burn in large fires whenever there is drought coupled with warm temperatures, low humidity and high winds-assuming an ignition. That is the way these forests replace themselves. There is nothing unusual about any of the fires that have burned and will burn in this area.. Then the second objective is improve fish and wildlife habitat. Ironically large severe wildfire fire is one of the major factors that creates dead wood. Dead wood is critical to many wildlife species. Fires also create the patchy age forest stands that is important for many wildlife species. Fires are even important for ...
Wild boar are seasonal breeders. In European male wild boar, sexual activity and testosterone production are triggered by decreasing day length, reaching a peak in October and November when the rut occurs. During the peak of testosterone production, one wild boar under study refused food for a six week period and lost approximately 25% of body weight. In the breeding season the normally solitary males move into female groups and rival males fight for dominance, whereupon the largest and most dominant males achieve the most matings. A wild boar sow, in Europe, is in oestrus with a 21 day cycle from autumn until June/July, at which time she becomes anoestrus until the next autumn. The start of the autumn oestrus in European wild boar may be triggered by nutritional status or day length. The nutritional status of the sow is important for breeding success.The odour from steroidal pheromones present in the male wild boars saliva stimulates receptivity in sows. ;Reproductive activity is seasonal. ...
The cougar has the largest range of any large wild animal. Depending on the region, it may be called the puma, mountain lion, mountain cat or catamount. The genus is Puma and the species concolor. There are a number of subspecies although this number varies according to the source consulted. The taxonomy is currently going through a review process. The cougar is the national animal of Argentina.
Origin: Germany, 1850-ies. Weight: 50-64 lbs. Height: 20-25 inches. The boxer is a very strong square dog. Boxers love to walk, but the owner should never forget the leash. Its also better to refrain from aggressive games. Still, boxers recognize all members of the family and can play well with the children.. The boxer breed was bred in feudal Germany and dates back to the line of bulldogs that existed in Europe in the XVI century. Its ancestors were used in hunting wild boars and other big wild animals. The first puppy in a new breed was given a name Box. Boxers qualities, such as their strength, were highly valued by farmers and shopkeepers.. ...
Developing knowledge and understanding of wild animals is the key to conservation efforts. When people learn about animals and their complex social structures and emotional capacities, they begin to sympathize with wildlife and therefore are more inclined to want to protect them from human threats - such as habitat encroachment, pollution or poaching. This knowledge […]
Environment News: The seizure of 12 deer antlers (6 pairs) from a car at Kamptee octroi post by city police late Tuesday night proves that Nagpur continues to be major
Between 2014 and 2017, the Serang CMRMB unit in Java successfully stopped, predominately through visual identification, approximately 250,000 individuals of 4 CITES-listed species: oceanic white-tip shark (Carcharhinus longimanus), hammerhead shark (Sphyrna sp.), thresher shark (Alopias sp.) and silky shark (C. falciformis).. A key challenge is that for many of these products, it is impossible to distinguish species by visual identification alone. CMRMB does not currently have molecular facilities to aid species identification, but since 2015 they have contracted other organizations to conduct genetic investigations to support CITES implementation. However, genetic testing is both time-consuming and financially unfeasible for regular use. It takes 3+ weeks to receive results and costs £110 per sample. Some CMRMB offices are located far from laboratory facilities and since the exporters are pushed to ship their cargo as quickly as possible, these time scales are not compatible with industry. The ...
A maned wolf that had been left for dead after being hit by a truck was released back into the Brazilian wild this month, granted a speedy recovery through the use of stem cells. The female wolf is reportedly the |a href=|first wild animal treated with stem-cell therapy|/a|, according to the Brazilian National Journal.
Find the best wild animal control services in the Hughes Springs, 75656 area for taking care of your wildlife removal needs. Call Now!
Buy LEGO® shark toys and other wild animal sets for your young explorers next wildlife adventures - find presents and gift ideas for kids ages
Buy LEGO® shark toys and other wild animal sets for your young explorers next wildlife adventures - find presents and gift ideas for kids ages
Wild animals are kept as pets. The term "wild" in this context specifically applies to any species of animal which has not ... exotic animals, wild animals, and canid or felid hybrids), or they may simply be based on the animal's size. Additional or ... It is considered animal cruelty by some, as most often, wild animals require precise and constant care that is very difficult ... In Defense of Animals. Retrieved 29 August 2013.. *^ "Animal Rights Uncompromised: 'Pets'". PETA Website. People for the ...
Other animals. Wild animals. Ebola has a high mortality rate among primates.[132] Frequent outbreaks of Ebola may have resulted ... the spread is believed to involve direct contact with an infected wild animal or fruit bat.[53] Besides bats, other wild ... In Africa, wild animals including fruit bats are hunted for food and are referred to as bushmeat.[72][73] In equatorial Africa ... Animals may become infected when they eat fruit partially eaten by bats carrying the virus.[76] Fruit production, animal ...
For captive animals in the 50-60 kg (110-130 lb) range, more than 2 kg (4 lb) of meat daily are recommended.[69] In the wild, ... "Wild beasts; a study of the characters and habits of the elephant, lion, leopard, panther, jaguar, tiger, puma, wolf, and ... "Why did Audubon Zoo's escaped jaguar kill so many animals?".. *^ "To save a predator: A history of human-jaguar conflict in ... Wild Cats. Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan. Gland, Switzerland: IUCN/SSC Cat Specialist Group. IUCN. pp. 118-122. ...
"Wild Animals/Exotica". Georgia Department of Natural Resources. Retrieved 17 August 2016. The exotic species listed below, ... "Hokkaido Animal Welfare and Control Ordinance". Hokkaido Animal Welfare and Control Ordinance Chapter 2, Section 3. Archived ... "Animal Services". Dallas City Code, Chapter 7: "Animals"; Article VII: "Miscellaneous". American Legal Publishing Corporation. ... The city of Oshkosh, for example, classifies ferrets as a wild animal and subsequently prohibits them from being kept within ...
Wild animals ("slaughtered ... in the wild state") may not be used.[22] ... Retrieved 17 August 2012. *^ a b "Trophy Hunting of BC Grizzly Bears". Pacific Wild. Archived ... "Wild Explorer.. *^ Whitaker, John O. (1980) The Audubon Society Field Guide to North American Mammals. Chanticleer Press, New ... "Animal Fact Guide. Retrieved 26 September 2013.. *^ Hellgren, Eric (1998). "Physiology of hibernation in bears" (PDF). Ursus. ... The oldest wild inland grizzly was 34 years old in Alaska; the oldest coastal bear was 39,[55] but most grizzlies die in their ...
Wild About Animals - ABC. Best Family Feature Film: Animated[edit]. ★ The Prince of Egypt - DreamWorks ... Brooke Nevin - Running Wild - Showtime. Best Young Performer in a Television Series[edit]. Best Performance in a TV Drama or ... Sabrina Wiener - The Wild Thornberrys - Nickelodeon. Best Young Ensemble Performance[edit]. Best Performance in a Feature Film ...
1996). On Comparing the Behaviour of Zoo Housed Animals with Wild Conspecifics as a Welfare Indicator. Animal Welfare. 5. 13-24 ... Animal theme parks. Main article: Animal theme park. An animal theme park is a combination of an amusement park and a zoo, ... Sources of animals. By the year 2000 most animals being displayed in zoos were the offspring of other zoo animals.[citation ... The welfare of zoo animals varies widely. Many zoos work to improve their animal enclosures and make it fit the animals' needs ...
Sidorovich, Vadim (2016). Naliboki Forest: Wild animals. Belarus: Chatyry Chverci. pp. 494-498. ISBN 978-9855810354. .. ... Animal Demography Unit, University of Cape Town. Archived (PDF) from the original on 6 January 2011. Retrieved 12 July 2017.. ... The universally accepted starting point of modern taxonomy for animals is set at 1758, with the publishing of Linnaeus' 10th ... and the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES).[1] ...
Wild Facts (29 November 2011). "Wild Fact #419 - One Large Jelly - Lion's Mane Jellyfish". Archived from the ... In animal anatomy, tentacles usually occur in one or more pairs. Anatomically, the tentacles of animals work mainly like ... The animal extracts edible material from the flow of water.[9] Trypanorhynch cestodes[edit]. @media all and (max-width:720px){. ... In zoology, a tentacle is a flexible, mobile, elongated organ present in some species of animals, most of them invertebrates. ...
1 episode "Wild Animals" 1979 I vecchi e i giovani Nicoletta 4 episodes ...
Also, the hair on pigmented animals must grow back in before the brand can be read and results can vary from animal to animal. ... "Wild Horse and Burro Freezemarks". KBR's World of Wild Horses and Burros. KBR Horse Net. Retrieved 16 November 2014. Torell, ... This process involves the use of a hot iron to scar an animal's skin, which can be painful and traumatizing to the animal. ... If more than one animal is being branded, the clippers must be washed with liquid solvent in between the shaving of the animals ...
Wild Birds Unlimited. 10 December 2007. Retrieved 4 February 2008.. *^ McGraw, Kevin; Hill, Geoffrey; Parker, Robert S. (2005 ... "Animal Diversity Web. University of Michigan Museum of Zoology. Archived from the original on 8 February 2008. Retrieved 4 ... Knight, R.; Temple, A. (1987). "Nest defence in the American Goldfinch". Animal Behaviour. 34 (3): 887-897. doi:10.1016/S0003- ... Animal Behaviour. 69 (3): 653-660. doi:10.1016/j.anbehav.2004.05.018.. ...
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"Wild Animals". Retrieved 14 February 2013. "Western Africa: Western Cameroon extending into Ni". World Wild ... Hunting for ivory, skins and other animal parts is also reported in many national park areas in Cameroon, from within the ... "Cameroon". Animal Diversity Web, University of Michigan, Museum of Zoology. Retrieved 14 February 2013. "Birds Of Cameroon, ... Many NGOs are working in Cameroon for the conservation and preservation of wild life. Conservation efforts in the Sangha River ...
... exotic animals. His clinic was the subject of a Nat Geo Wild factual television series, Aloha Vet. The idea for the series was ... Sims". Nat Geo WILD. Retrieved 2015-08-02. Miller, Gerri (March 20, 2015). "Meet the island-hopping doctor behind 'Aloha Vet ... Sims assisted the US Fish and Wildlife Service in Hawaii with injured animals. He estimated that his practice was 40% domestic ... Talking Animals. March 18, 2015. Retrieved 2015-08-02. "Dr. Scott Sims". The Pegasus Foundation. Retrieved 2015-08-02. Stallard ...
"Animals & Plants". zoniënwoud. Retrieved 2018-01-20. "Wild boars return to forest". flandersnews. 2007-04-12. Archived from the ... Other animal species found in the forest, including the black woodpecker and the great crested newt, are considered endangered ... The project aims to enable the growth in numbers of natural fauna such as roe deer and wild boar. Various types of wildlife ... various plants and animals have become extinct. The forest was home to 46 different mammal species. Of these, seven have ...
"Woodpecker". Wild animals. 2008-04-22. Retrieved 4 January 2011. Alistair McGown. "Bagpuss (1974)". BFI ...
Animal Diversity Web.. *^ "Wild Animals of Africa-Common eland". Archived from the original on 6 ... "Animal Bytes - Common Eland". Retrieved 2012-04-08.. *^ a b Estes, RD (1999). "Bushbuck Tribe". The Safari ... It is believed that the weight of the animal causes the two halves of its hooves to splay apart, and the clicking is the result ... In Dutch the animal is called "Eland antelope" to distinguish it from the moose, which is found in the northern boreal forests. ...
Cott, Hugh (1940). Adaptive Coloration in Animals. Methuen. pp. 392-393.. *^ Annandale, Nelson (1900). "Observations on the ... Wilder, Shawn M.; Rypstra, Ann L.; Elgar, Mark A. (2009). "The importance of ecological and phylogenetic conditions for the ... Bodson, Liliane (2014). Campbell, Gordon Lindsay (ed.). The Oxford Handbook of Animals in Classical Thought and Life. Oxford ... Durrell, Gerald (2006) [1956]. My Family and Other Animals. Penguin Books. pp. 204-208. ISBN 978-0-14-193609-3. .. ...
a b c d Boesch C, Boesch H. (1993) "Diversity of tool use and tool-making in wild chimpanzees", pp. 158-87 in: Berthelet A, ... a b Burnie D and Wilson DE (Eds.), Animal: The Definitive Visual Guide to the World's Wildlife. DK Adult (2005), ISBN ... a b c Van Lawick-Goodall, Jane (1968). "The Behaviour of Free-Living Chimpanzees in the Gombe Stream Reserve". Animal Behaviour ... Sugiyama Y (1995). "Drinking tools of wild chimpanzees at Bossou". Am J Primatol. 37 (1): 263-9. doi:10.1002/ajp.1350370308.. ...
36 Père David's deer were chosen from five UK zoological gardens with the bulk of the deer coming from Whipsnade Wild Animal ... donated several dozen deer to the Chinese government for reintroducing the species to the wild. As of 2015, the wild population ... The animal became a symbol of good fortune and was sought by later emperors who believed eating the meat of the milu would lead ... This new animal then galloped to the Kunlun Mountains to seek the advice of the Primeval Lord of Heaven. The Lord was ...
Beautiful Wild Animals • directed by Ferenc Török 2005 • Live • directed by Gábor Fabriciusz 2005 • Cokie • directed by László ...
Raised entirely in captivity, Snooty was never to be released into the wild. As such he was the only manatee at the aquarium, ... "Animal Info Book: Manatee". Seaworld Parks & Entertainment. "Manatee". Journey North. 2003. Archived from the original on April ... This dinoflagellate produces brevetoxins that can have toxic effects on the central nervous system of animals. In 1996, a red ... Generally, the intestines are about 45 meters, unusually long for an animal of the manatee's size.[better source needed] Fossil ...
Most common are domesticated animals such as dogs, cats, cows, etc.; then wild animals; human figures are scarce; inanimate ...
Among the furnishings were collections of dolls; swans; World War I medals, decorations and uniforms; stuffed wild animals; a ...
Wild animals ("slaughtered ... in the wild state") may not be used. Started in 1990 and held annually since, the Great Aussie ... Meat flesh includes the skeletal muscle of any slaughtered animal as well as any attached animal rind, fat, connective tissue, ...
Animals Gone Wild. Animal Fight Club. Deadly Game. Ultimate Animal Countdown. Animal Fight Club. Dirty Rotten Survival. Science ...
"Wombat". Animal Encounters. NatGeo Wild. Woop Studios; Jay Sacher (2013), A Compendium of Collective Nouns: From an Armory of ... Price wrote: "We saw several sorts of dung of different animals, one of which Wilson called a Whom-batt, which is an animal ... A live animal was taken back to Port Jackson. Matthew Flinders, who was travelling on board the Francis on its third and final ... The only known wild populations of this species exist in two locations in Queensland, the Epping Forest National Park, and a ...
Adults live from two weeks to a month in the wild. After they come out from the pupae, the flies do not grow. Small flies of ... often dead animals. Within a day, larvae (maggots) hatch from the eggs; they live and feed on dead and decaying organic ...
Wild S, Roglic G, Green A, Sicree R, King H (May 2004). "Global prevalence of diabetes: estimates for the year 2000 and ... but do not offer advantages compared with diets which allow moderate amounts of animal products.[100] There is not enough ... Simpson TC, Weldon JC, Worthington HV, Needleman I, Wild SH, Moles DR, Stevenson B, Furness S, Iheozor-Ejiofor Z (November 2015 ...
Animals and other heterotrophs must eat in order to survive - carnivores eat other animals, herbivores eat plants, omnivores ... " Archived from the original on 14 April 2016. Retrieved 30 March 2016.. ... Physiologically, animals must be able to obtain both energy and nutrients from plant and animal materials to be considered ... Other animals[edit]. Mammals[edit]. This section is transcluded from Mammal#Feeding. (edit , history) ...
Elton CS (1927) Animal Ecology. Republished 2001. University of Chicago Press. *^ Allee, W. C. (1932). Animal life and social ... Journal of Animal Ecology. 78: 253-269. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2656.2008.01460.x. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-09-16.. ... Overpopulation in wild animals. *Overexploitation. *Population cycle. *Population dynamics. *Population modeling. *Population ... One of the earliest descriptions of a food chain was described by a medieval Afro-Arab scholar named Al-Jahiz: "All animals, in ...
The animals were kept in the London Zoo until 1896, when Herbrand Russell oversaw their transferral to Woburn Abbey, ... The British Deer Society coordinated a survey of wild deer in the United Kingdom between 2005 and 2007 and noted the Chinese ... More of the animals were imported and added to the herd over the next three decades. In 1929 and 1930, 32 deer were transferred ... Most of these animals still reside close to Woburn Abbey. It appears that the deer's strong preference for a particular habitat ...
Turner also advocate a "natural method" of animal husbandry.[22]. Native AmericanEdit. Recent research in the field of ... Tending the Wild: Native American Knowledge and the Management of California's Natural Resources (1 ed.). University of ... This also facilitates the sowing of seeds in the same area because the dense ground layer hides the seeds from animals such as ... encouraging the complexity of living organisms-both plant and animal-that shape each particular ecosystem to thrive along with ...
Bekoff, M. (2009). "Animal emotions, wild justice and why they matter: Grieving magpies, a pissy baboon, and empathic elephants ... "Animal Cognition. 18 (1): 393-397. doi:10.1007/s10071-014-0794-4. PMID 25123853. Retrieved 5 December 2017.. ... In the wild, they organise themselves into gangs and use complex strategies[examples needed] hunting other birds and when ... and it is believed to be one of the most intelligent of all non-human animals.[2] The expansion of its nidopallium is ...
However, it was the stuffed animal that Mr. Yamada bought. So, they buy more stuffed animals to put on the windowsill so Chi ... Wild Arms (1996). *Solatorobo: Red the Hunter (2010). *Persona 2: Eternal Punishment PSP OP (2012) ... Yamada buys a stuffed animal.. 36. "Chi Is Found". Transcription: "Chi, mitsuke rareru" (Japanese: チー、見つけられる。). May 29, 2008 ( ... The Yamada family takes Chi to the new home, but Chi does not want to come out of the box, thinking it is the animal hospital. ...
In studies of rats, animals fed a diet of 50% sweet pea seeds developed enlarged adrenals relative to control animals fed on ... In the wild plant the flowers are purple, 2-3.5 centimetres (0.79-1.38 in) broad; they are larger and very variable in colour ...
Other animals. Wild animals. Ebola has a high mortality rate among primates.[241] Frequent outbreaks of Ebola may have resulted ... the spread is believed to involve direct contact with an infected wild animal or fruit bat.[59] Besides bats, other wild ... In Africa, wild animals including fruit bats are hunted for food and are referred to as bushmeat.[78][79] In equatorial Africa ... Animals may become infected when they eat fruit partially eaten by bats carrying the virus.[82] Fruit production, animal ...
International Wildfowl Inquiry Volume i Factors Affecting the General Status of Wild Geese and Wild Duck. Cambridge University ... animal matter and 62.4% plant matter, most notably the grass Echinochloa crus-galli, and nonlaying females ate 37.0% animal ... The wild mallard is the ancestor of most domestic ducks, and its naturally evolved wild gene pool gets genetically polluted by ... The wild mallard itself is the ancestor of most domestic ducks, and its naturally evolved wild gene pool gets genetically ...
... hunting or scavenging wild animals.[3] The Paleolithic is characterized by the use of knapped stone tools, although at the time ... The third chimpanzee: the evolution and future of the human animal.. *^ a b Sharman Apt Russell (2006). Hunger an unnatural ... Humans hunted wild animals for meat and gathered food, firewood, and materials for their tools, clothes, or shelters.[22] ... Upper Paleolithic cultures were probably able to time the migration of game animals such as wild horses and deer.[47] This ...
The calf is able to stand and run shortly after birth, a period of great danger for animals in the wild. It is fed by its ... "Animal Diversity Web. University of Michigan. Retrieved 2013-08-21.. *^ a b c d e f g h Estes, R. D. (2004). The Behavior Guide ... Horak, I. G. (14 September 2005). "Parasites of domestic and wild animals in South Africa. XLVI. Oestrid fly larvae of sheep, ... P., Apps (2000). Wild Ways : Field Guide to the Behaviour of Southern African Mammals (2nd ed.). Cape Town: Struik. p. 146. ...
In recognition of the basic concepts he has contributed to the study of animal ecology which, with his foundation of the Bureau ... This work has become the classic example of Darwinian evolution in the wild. ... for his outstanding work on the diversity of animal societies and demonstration of their effects on the evolution of ... For his work on extended oceanographical expeditions; and for his genetic studies in animals and plants. ...
Other animal species. See also: Tool use by animals, Structures built by animals, and Ecosystem engineer ... Rutz, C.; Bluff, L.A.; Weir, A.A.S.; Kacelnik, A. (4 October 2007). "Video cameras on wild birds". Science. 318 (5851): 765. ... The use of basic technology is also a feature of other animal species apart from humans. These include primates such as ... For example, researchers have observed wild chimpanzees utilising tools for foraging: some of the tools used include leaf ...
Abortion may also be induced in animals, in the context of animal husbandry. For example, abortion may be induced in mares that ... how often this occurs in the wild, though.[42] Male Gray langur monkeys may attack females following male takeover, causing ... "Animal Behaviour 59: 689-694. ... "Induced abortion and social factors in wild horses". Nature (London) 303: 59-61. ...
Captive animals have been found to be more susceptible to pathogens than wild ones.[106] A gram-negative bacterium, Vibrio ... World Animal Foundation. Retrieved 12 April 2017.. *^ Simon, Matt (16 January 2015). "Absurd Creature of the Week: The ... Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. 7 (2): 95-106. doi:10.1207/s15327604jaws0702_2. PMID ... "Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science. 5 (4): 275-283. doi:10.1207/S15327604JAWS0504_02.. ...
For example, Agrobacterium tumefaciens is a plant pathogen, Brucella abortus is an animal pathogen, and Sinorhizobium meliloti ... In 2010, the Caulobacter NA1000 strain was sequenced and all differences with the CB15 "wild type" strain were identified.[6] ...
Wilderness medicine entails the practice of medicine in the wild, where conventional medical facilities may not be available. ... Throughout history and in Europe right until the late 18th century, not only animal and plant products were used as medicine, ... Conservation medicine studies the relationship between human and animal health, and environmental conditions. Also known as ... Before this, medical doctors treated both humans and other animals. Modern scientific biomedical research (where results are ...
... most notably over the idea of killing for sport such a grand animal. Even Wilson concedes that it is so wrong that it is not ... Charlotte Cornwell as Miss Wilding, Wilson's Secretary. *Norman Lumsden as Butler George ... as the local animal tracker Kivu is killed protecting him from an elephant Wilson decides not to shoot. ...
... animal teeth, and claws. The women often wore headbands of dyed deer hair or wampum. They painted their skin skirts or ... fashioned from the iridescent body feathers of wild turkeys.[34] ... beating thigh bones on their palms to drive animals to the ...
Wild tomatoes are small, green and largely unappetizing,[2] but after centuries of breeding there are now thousands of ...
Main article: Wilding conifers. A number of conifers originally introduced for forestry have become invasive species in parts ... Wind and animals dispersals are two major mechanisms involved in the dispersal of conifer seeds. Wind bore seed dispersal ... "South Island wilding conifer strategy". Department of Conservation (New Zealand). 2001. Retrieved 2009-04-19.. ... These wilding conifers are a serious environmental issue causing problems for pastoral farming and for conservation.[19] ...
Host animals[edit]. Lyme and other deer tick-borne diseases can sometimes be reduced by greatly reducing the deer population on ... as red deer and wild boars (Sus scrofa),[158] in which one Rickettsia and three Borrelia species were identified",[155] with ... Other animals[edit]. Prevention of Lyme disease is an important step in keeping dogs safe in endemic areas. Prevention ... Small Animal Practice. 40 (6): 1103-19. doi:10.1016/j.cvsm.2010.07.011. PMID 20933139.. ...
Banda-Yangere slit drums are hand carved in animal shapes, and regionally famous musical instruments. ... gathering wild foods and growing crops.[1] During times of crisis, to resist slave raids and to respond to wars, the Banda ... as well as their large animal-shaped slit drums.[1] These drums, now attributed by various names such as Banda-Yangere,[15] ...
Wild animals (4%). Human civilization was founded on and grew from agriculture.[61] The more land used for farming, the greater ... See also: List of African animals extinct in the Holocene, List of Asian animals extinct in the Holocene, and List of extinct ... Main articles: List of North American animals extinct in the Holocene and List of South American animals extinct in the ... Extinctions in Australia continued from original settlement until today in both plants and animals, whilst many more animals ...
Other animalsEdit. The Magdalena River and its valley crosses a wide variety of ecosystems, like páramo in its headwaters, dry ... the Spanish conquistadores who arrived to today's Colombia early in the 16th century used the river to push to the wild and ... green iguana and brown pelican are abundant in these ecosystems but other animal species like the West Indian manatee, ...
Animal pollination[change , change source]. Beetle pollination. Beetle-pollinated flowers are usually large, greenish or off- ... On the other hand, male fruit flies are attracted to some wild orchids which do not produce nectar. Instead, they produce a ... What happens is basically the same as sexual reproduction in animals. Each pollen grain is haploid: it has half of the DNA ( ... Tan, KH and R Nishida (2000). "Mutual reproductive benefits between a wild orchid, Bulbophyllum patens, and Bactrocera fruit ...
At the end of the film, it says that of the 54 Dickin Medals awarded to animals, 32 of them went to pigeons. ... The Wild (2006). *A Christmas Carol (2009). *Alice in Wonderland (2010). *Frankenweenie (2012) ...
Potassium is the major cation (positive ion) inside animal cells,[223] while sodium is the major cation outside animal cells.[ ... Lougheed, R. W.; Landrum, J. H.; Hulet, E. K.; Wild, J. F.; Dougan, R. J.; Dougan, A. D.; Gäggeler, H.; Schädel, M.; Moody, K. ... which was known partly for its high abundance in animal blood. He named the metal inside the material "lithium".[20][15][18] ...
Wild Animals (1997) Yasaeng dongmul bohoguyeog (original title). 1h 45min , Comedy, Crime, Drama , 25 October 1997 (South Korea ...
... and coyotes are the animals most commonly infected with rabies in the US. Bites from any of these animals should be considered ... Wild animals and wild animal hybrids should not be kept as pets. In instances where wild or hybrid animals are suspected of ... The offspring of wild animals crossbred to domestic dogs and cats (wild animal hybrids) are considered wild animals by the ... Small Rodents and Other Wild Animals. Small rodents (like squirrels, hamsters, guinea pigs, gerbils, chipmunks, rats, and mice ...
I delve into the concept of animal happiness and whether wild animals are happier than others in a new post on SciAms Guest ... In case you missed it, I delve into the concept of animal happiness and whether wild animals are happier than others in a new ... Of course, the question of eating wild vs captive vs domesticated animals goes beyond an individual animals well-being. ... To argue about wild vs captive animal happiness Id rather look at more "sociological" values like freedom from parasites and ...
Neatorama Posts Tagged "wild animals" Nic Cages Encounters With The Animal Kingdom... (Video Link)Nicolas Cage has a ... Europes Wild Men The custom of dressing up as wild animals and monsters dates back to pagan rites surroundin... ...tens ... Amazing Photo Series Features Subjects Posing With Wild Animals Russian photographer Katerina Plotnikova is an adm... is ... ...
Many wild animals are active around dawn and dusk.. *Photographing frogs in the wild at night can be challenging, and often ... Submit a photograph of a small wild animal. This may be a frog, insect, spider, mouse, squirrel, snake, or other small animal. ... Small Wild Animals. Challenge #22 in the Prime Subjects of Photography series. Hosted by Mark Scott Abeln. ... You need to be patient, and go where you expect to see these kinds of animals. Ask local park rangers or wilderness experts for ...
On POPSUGAR Pets you will find everything you need on pets and Wild Animals. ... The latest tips and news on Wild Animals are on POPSUGAR Pets. ... Wild Animals Teddy the Porcupine Is as Excited For Fall as We ... 14 Times Pandas Were the Cutest Animals on the Face of This Planet ...
We always urge people to think about wild animals before they start work on their gardens and homes and the advice is ... For those who find themselves faced with a stranded baby wild animal there are certain rules to follow that will ensure a ... For the offspring of the nations wild animals however, the struggle is only just beginning. Adults are whelping their young ... Commercial vets also help out at this time of year, with many animal surgeons donating their time and expertise to animal ...
Map and Links on Wild Animal Rabies Surveillance in the US ... Wild animals accounted for 92.7% of reported cases of rabies in ... What kind of animal did you come in contact with?plus icon *Domestic Animals ... Bats were the most frequently reported rabid wildlife species (33% of all animal cases during 2018), followed by raccoons (30.3 ...
Download this Wild Animals vector illustration now. And search more of the webs best library of royalty-free vector art from ...
... A number of studies on the nutritional value of wild animal meat indicate that ... Table 2.8 Proximate composition (g/100 g) of meat of some wild animal species compared with selected domestic animals. (Sources ... The general trend is that the meat of most wild animal species tends to be low in fat, while equal or better than beef, mutton ... nutritional studies on wild animals have been carried out for non-conventional species such as rodents, insects and snails. ...
The Secret Lives of Wild Animals - Text-only , Flash Special Report. Zebra. ...
Traditional Chinese medicine risks extinction if there is a push by the government to completely replace the wild animal parts ... of wild animals for medicine and also allows for them to be used in public performances, something animal rights groups have ... "If in the future original products from wild animals are all substituted, our Chinese medicine perhaps wont be of any use ... Substitutes exist for tiger bones and many other products from wild animals such as bear bile, the extraction of which from ...
Comments on Wild animals of Beijing. yes, I have spotted the "huangshulang" in our apartment garden in China World while ... Wild animals of Beijing. Posted by Jeremy Goldkorn on Monday, June 25, 2007 at 5:47 PM ... One addition to the wild animals, though - weve got hedgehogs too, but you dont see them very often. ... Therefore, they are not good animals to be around humans because animals are forbiden to be enlightened in the kingdom of ...
Wild animals Challenge series hosted by Kris Bell. Challenges start on Thursdays. ... A series dedicated to pictures of animals where they look their best and should be - in the wild. ...
Wild animals vs. dumb people. By paul_frolov on October 18, 2010 at 2:53 PM ...
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The truth is, a majority of all "wild" animals are not wild at all today. They are merely free-roaming, human managed animals. ... "wild animals" or "wildlife" only to distinguish them from truly domesticated animals. Little thought is given to what "wild" ... Why is Friends of Animals opposed to PZP?. As noted above, humans should not be managing any wild horses (or any animals) by ... Are wild horses native?. Critics of wild horses claim that modern wild horses are an exotic species introduced in the by the ...
... cracked down on the sale of exotic species after an outbreak of a new virus in 2002 was linked to markets selling live animals ... Virus renews safety concerns about slaughtering wild animals. By SAM McNEIL and CANDICE CHOI Associated Press ... many on Chinese social media are expressing frustration that rich peoples appetite for wild animals is again endangering ... researchers say less is known about the viruses that circulate in wild animals. ...
The study and conservation of the worlds wild cats. Information, news, action alerts, sightings, graphics, projects, etc. Wild ... the worlds wild cats.. Information, news, action. alerts, sightings, graphics,. projects, etc.. ...
... COLUMBIA - When the alligator already has the dog, its too late, ... could be fine-tuned before it gets to the Senate floor for a vote to specify a shooting is allowed only if a large wild animal ... No one was arguing that pet owners should helplessly watch a wild predator kill their dog for fear of being charged with a game ... Under the proposal, people who kill an alligator or "big game," defined as a white tailed deer, wild turkey, or black bear, ...
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... July 19, 2010. Sonya Angelica Diehn ... on the range and round up all of the 2,300 wild horses and 210 wild burros. The BLM wants to sterilize about 200 wild horses ... In Defense of Animals and Dreamcatcher Wild Horse and Burro Sanctuary claim the Bureau of Land Managements plan to remove the ... SACRAMENTO (CN) - Uncle Sam wants to round up every single one of more than 2,000 wild horses and burros on 800,000 acres on ...
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  • Over a decade ago, experts warned that the majority of wild equid populations managed by the BLM are kept at population sizes that are small enough for the loss of genetic variation to be a real concern. (
  • A survey conducted in 2003 found increasing populations of wild yak compared to previous surveys taken 10 years earlier. (
  • Note: Figures given are for wild populations only. (
  • She had seen how suburban sprawl affected native animal populations. (
  • To do so, we need to go far beyond human hospitals and into the wild, where viruses persist in animal populations. (
  • Old sheep raising the baaa ( Populations of wild animals face the. (
  • Populations of wild animals face the challenge of surviving in a chang. (
  • Populations of wild animals face the challenge of surviving in a changing climate. (
  • Professor Tim Coulson concluded, "A thorough understanding of the likely effects of climate change on the ecology of wild populations requires linking populations to their environment. (
  • The forests of Subcarpathia and Bieszczady are areas with Poland's largest populations of bears, wolves, lynxes, deer and roe deer, and wild birds such as buzzards and white-tailed eagles. (
  • The World Wide Fund for Nature(WWF) has also shown its concern regarding such kind of conflicts in an article which states, "Conflict between people and animals is one of the main threats to the continued survival of many species in different parts of the world, and is also a significant threat to local human populations. (
  • It is only in recent years that the impact of traffic on animal populations has been taken seriously. (
  • For most animal populations in Sweden, traffic does not constitute a serious threat to the species, despite high numbers of traffic deaths per year. (
  • Following extensive research into the connections between traffic, density of wild animal populations, the make-up of the landscape, and the number of collisions between cars and deer and moose reported to the police, Andreas Seiler has developed models to predict the risk of moose accidents. (
  • Young animals need to be fed every few hours until they are old enough to be weaned and each species needs its own unique milk formulation. (
  • The general trend is that the meat of most wild animal species tends to be low in fat, while equal or better than beef, mutton, chicken or pork in protein content and much higher in vitamin content (Tables 2.7 and 2.8). (
  • Apart from the large game species, nutritional studies on wild animals have been carried out for 'non-conventional' species such as rodents, insects and snails. (
  • Table 2.8 Proximate composition (g/100 g) of meat of some wild animal species compared with selected domestic animals. (
  • An account of the status of the hog badger in India states that most sightings of the species are of single animals [b130-02], suggesting that the species is solitary. (
  • The wild horse population is fragmented to isolated and small herds that threaten the species' survival. (
  • BEIJING - China cracked down on the sale of exotic species after an outbreak of a new virus in 2002 was linked to markets selling live animals. (
  • This means creating species-specific enclosures that meet the physiological, emotional and behavioural needs of the animals. (
  • Since we are in a sanctuary for endangered animals and a successful breeding ground for dozens of species including the Arabian oryx, the California condor and the slender-horned gazelle, the animals are free to roam without fear. (
  • It built the Wild Kingdom Train to entertain paying guests, not to preserve endangered species. (
  • On the animal side, they note and separate the effects of resource availability and body mass on vagility (migration distances) -- larger species travel further as do carnivores. (
  • The craze for tourists taking selfies alongside wild animals then posting on Instagram is fueling cruel treatment of iconic species in the Amazon, activists warn. (
  • For example, a year and a half ago, Zavitz, an animal-control officer in Kane County, encountered a species far from indigenous to the county. (
  • LS: What are some of the risks that animals in certain species face during sex? (
  • The first one is an adaptation of the rabies virus, by serial passages, which favours the spreading of the disease among a sole animal species. (
  • Private centres are being created with an aim of rushing to the rescue of wild species. (
  • It all started with a veterinary clinic run by my father, where people brought injured or sick animals of protected species which no one else in this area was able to take care of," Radosław Fedaczyński, a veterinarian co-managing the Rehabilitation Centre of Protected Animals in Przemysl, told (
  • A lot of Polish rehabilitation centres specialise in the care of a particular class or species of animals. (
  • He emphasises that even though not everyone can provide professional help to hedgehogs, everyone has a duty to show concern for an animal in need and deliver it to a specialised centre qualified to hold protected species during the convalescence. (
  • Young animals are not only taught to survive, they are also taught how to thrive and negotiate the social realities of their species, and often their particular community . (
  • The effect of animals' subsistence and care work is the social reproduction of their young, their group and their species. (
  • Thinking about wild animals and their actions in this way offers a different perspective on our multi-species communities. (
  • According to him, Section 62 of the wildlife Act empowers the Centre to declare any wild animal, apart from rare and endangered species, to be classified as vermins, for a specified period of time. (
  • Barack Obama, I am asking you to enforce the laws for endangered species, I'm asking you to step up for animal rights and for you to be the one that says, No more hunting, No more Ariel hunting, no more torture and abuse. (
  • Postexposure prophylaxis should be initiated as soon as possible following exposure to such wildlife unless the animal has already been tested and determined not to be rabid. (
  • Wild Animals may also refer to: Wild animals or wildlife Wild Animals (The Pinker Tones album) (2008) Wild Animals (Juliana Hatfield album) Wild Animals (Trampled by Turtles album) Wild Animal, an album by Vanity Wild Animals I Have Known Wild Beast (novel), a Chinese novel Wild Beasts, an English indie rock band Wildlife (disambiguation) This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title Wild Animals. (
  • T he battle to save bereft youngsters has already commenced at the Wildlife Aid Foundation (WAF), one if the UK's busiest wild animal rescue and rehabilitation centres, based in Surrey. (
  • At the height of orphan season, which runs into June, the centre will take in an average of 15 baby animals a day and be staffed by an army of over 300 volunteers, who will see an upsurge of patients this weekend as the nation takes to its gardens and unwittingly unsettles the wildlife therein. (
  • Speaking after China amended its wildlife protection law, Zhai Yong, head of parliament's environment and resources protection committee legislation department, admitted using wild animals for medicine was highly controversial. (
  • Humans often refer to "wild animals" or "wildlife" only to distinguish them from truly domesticated animals. (
  • With more than 60 million people under lockdown in more than a dozen Chinese cities, the new outbreak is prompting calls to permanently ban the sale of wildlife, which many say is being fueled by a limited group of wealthy people who consider the animals delicacies. (
  • Zoocheck Canada is a national charity dedicated to protecting wildlife in captivity and in the wild. (
  • Eight thousand deer alone were struck and killed by drivers in New Jersey last year, and that's the fate of most of the parents of the orphaned baby animals that are brought to wildlife rehabbers each spring and summer. (
  • Minister of State for Forest Rajendra Shukla told IANS that the national park launched the scheme for adoption of wild animals with a view to instilling affection towards wildlife in the hearts of people. (
  • A baby bat is fed milk at Wildlife in Crisis, a nonprofit wildlife rehabilitation center in Weston, Conn. 'We are the front line of defense for animals,' says founder Dara Reid. (
  • The Barred owls are recuperating here at Wildlife in Crisis (WIC), a nonprofit organization that helps heal more than 5,000 wounded, ill, and orphaned wild animals a year. (
  • The International Fund for Animal Welfare (IFAW) and Wildlife Trust of India (WTI) Guardians of the Wild Project helps protect critically endangered wild tigers by training and outfitting rangers who risk their lives to safeguard tigers from poaching and other threats in key range states. (
  • and Aurelia Skipwith, deputy assistant U.S. Interior Secretary for fish and wildlife and national parks, were allowed to get away with advancing their agenda of slaughtering wild horses so federally subsidized cattle and sheep ranchers can steal more land from wild horses and other wildlife. (
  • These commercial activities have substantially fragmented and reduced the amount of habitat left for wild horses and other wildlife. (
  • Given the vast amount of Western lands, wild horses and other wildlife deserve open, unfragmented land to call home. (
  • Both blue bulls and wild boars are declared wild under Schedule III of The Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972, which was later amended in 1993. (
  • According to last year's office memorandum issued by the wildlife division under MoEFCC, human lives have been lost due to man-animal conflict, along with loss of crops and valuable property. (
  • The memorandum suggests that these two animals should be put under Schedule V of the wildlife Act, so that their killing does not amount to illegality. (
  • The Subramaniam committee also noted that Section 11(1)(b) of the wildlife Act empowers the chief wildlife warden or authorised officers to permit hunting of an animal or a group of animals specified in Schedule II, III and IV in a specified area if it has become dangerous to human life or property or is disabled or diseased beyond recovery. (
  • Other critical measures include mitigating man-wildlife conflict by creating physical barriers (solar fencing), providing interim relief schemes to forest dwellers to curb retaliatory killings, providing alternatives to village residents to reduce pressure on forest resources, evacuating people from illegally-encroached forestlands, exploring and supporting alternative livelihood options and spreading awareness among villagers for animal protection. (
  • This originated with William Beebe, who traveled the world observing wildlife in nature, his discoveries informing how to design exhibits and care for animals at the zoo. (
  • Animals, Wildlife. (
  • It is important to note that regulations in North Carolina forbid those unlicensed in wildlife handling from housing wild animals. (
  • If you find an injured animal such as a squirrel, opossum, deer, bird or reptile you should call a wildlife rehabilitator such as Jennifer and David Leonard of Wilmington. (
  • She said she and her husband decided a good way for her to be involved with animals would be to become involved with wildlife rehabilitation. (
  • The regulations on wildlife handling and rehabilitation exist in part because people in the general population are likely not well-versed in the proper care and feeding of wild creatures. (
  • SACRAMENTO (CN) - Uncle Sam wants to round up every single one of more than 2,000 wild horses and burros on 800,000 acres on the California-Nevada border and "warehouse" them in the Midwest, horse-lovers say in a federal complaint. (
  • The horse-lovers say the BLM plan violates the National Environmental Policy Act and the 1971 Wild Free-Roaming Horses and Burros Act, which manages wild horses as "living symbols" of the "pioneer spirit. (
  • While it is true that the budget for wild horses and burros has increased to $75.7 million, this is just a fraction (about 1 percent) of the Department of Interiors' FY2017 budget. (
  • It was always thought that senescence was something particular to humans and domestic animals, because we have an extended life expectancy", Alberto Velando, lead author of the study and a researcher at the Ecology and Animal Biology Department of the University of Vigo, tells SINC. (
  • Humans should not be managing any wild animal by keeping them in small "herd areas," or limiting their population through culling, relocation or forcibly drugging them with the fertility control drugs. (
  • There's a vast number of viruses in the animal world that have not spread to humans, and have the potential to do so," said Robert Webster, an expert on influenza viruses at St. Jude Children's Research Hospital in Memphis, Tennessee. (
  • At one time, animals were kept in captivity so that humans could better understand the natural world. (
  • EDDINGS: Every feeding and every cleaning helps these squirrels stay alive, but it also makes them a little more used to humans and a little less fit for surviving in the wild on their own. (
  • As a matter of fact, we tend to describe a merciless fight between humans as animal-like . (
  • Humans should stay at least 100 yards away from bears and 25 yards from other large animals, according to U.S. government safety guidelines. (
  • Wild yak distribution is highly clumped, with most animals in widely scattered herds, concentrated in the areas with little disturbance by humans. (
  • Genes related to behaviour, food digestion and reproduction have evolved in order to adapt dingoes to living in the wild instead of together with humans. (
  • Several varieties of ALS occur in humans and in some animals, the most common human variation being sporadic Charcot ALS (SC-ALS). (
  • By understanding more about what's happening with viruses in animals, we believe we can be better prepared to evaluate, predict and respond if an infection spills over to humans, making people sick. (
  • general been well received by the public, in contrast to the outcry and suspicion that has greeted cloning animals raised for food, and cloning of humans. (
  • The photographs, which depict wild animals encountering and interacting with humans and the built environment, were constructed. (
  • Stein says of her work, "Within these scenes I explore our paradoxical relationship with the 'wild' and how our conflicting impulses continue to evolve and alter the behavior of both humans and animals. (
  • Recently, Bondar spoke with Live Science about the unusual sexual behaviors and equipment used by humans' closest relatives and most distant cousins on the tree of life, and what people's interest in animal sex reveals about them. (
  • For all of the endangered animals, I'm asking you, Obama, that you find a way to make more havens for these creatures, where they can live in peace and once more begin to recover without humans hunting them. (
  • Happy animal characters, giraffe with big brightly colored nose and monkey with long tail. (
  • Most if not all proponents of wild horses can agree that the U.S. Bureau of Land Management's approach to managing public lands-with its primary emphasis on catering to the cattle and sheep ranchers-is detrimental to the survival of wild horses. (
  • The Bureau of Land Management's (BLM) claim that there are excess wild horses ignores science and instead represents its resentment of wild horses because it is wedding to corporate ranchers, whose cattle and sheep are responsible for range degradation. (
  • In Defense of Animals and Dreamcatcher Wild Horse and Burro Sanctuary claim the Bureau of Land Management's plan to remove the mustangs from the Twin Peaks area and condemn them to "zoo-like conditions" in the Midwest is illegal. (
  • Supporters of wild horse slaughter argue that Bureau of Land Management's wild horse program is costing the nation too much money, and that culling the herd makes the most economic sense. (
  • This is impossible for intelligent and social animals like primates, elephants and cetaceans, and animals with large home ranges like bears, lions, tigers and other big wild cats. (
  • When we think of big cats in the wild, we most likely think of lions and tigers. (
  • With animals like Siberian tigers, a golden eagle, zebras, camels and African lions, the Wild Kingdom Train gives an experience unlike most amusement park train rides. (
  • Despite the keeping and displaying of stuffed tigers and other animals being against the law, the government has done little. (
  • Tigers are solitary, but social animals. (
  • Tigers, panthers, bears and so many other animals are being killed without a reason. (
  • For the offspring of the nation's wild animals however, the struggle is only just beginning. (
  • The problem with this argument is that it is difficult for most Americans to believe that money can ever justify the killing of a magnificent, intelligent wild animal like our nation's wild horses. (
  • What is Friends of Animals position regarding wild horses generally? (
  • Instead of pro-slaughter efforts in Congress regarding wild horses, we need legislation that would allow wild horses to be returned to lands where they once roamed, and that would remove doomed cattle and sheep from wild horse herd management areas," said Priscilla Feral, president of Friends of Animals. (
  • Now we know that the complex environments and specialized needs of such diverse and smart animals can't be provided in captivity. (
  • But animal circuses still exist in Canada. (
  • It has information on circuses and the welfare of circus animals in Canada, and a listing of animal-free circuses. (
  • On July 8th, the ban on wild animals performing in circuses will take effect in Mexico - making them the 29th country to pass this national ban. (
  • An hour north of San Francisco, tucked among the tasting rooms and vineyards of Sonoma County's famous wineries, is a little bit of Africa with wild animals roaming 400 oak-studded acres. (
  • Its successor is the Wild Kingdom Train, which chugs through a lagoon meant to evoke Africa. (
  • However, in 22 countries in Asia and Africa, wild foods are still used. (
  • And then I got a call from Earth Touch [News Network] to write and host a series about animal sex, and six weeks later, I was on a plane to South Africa. (
  • Watching wild animals in Africa hunting for food, is an extremely educative experience for marketers and those who want to dramatically increase their sales. (
  • just find a way to watch the different wild cats of Africa hunting. (
  • But the regionally renowned rehabilitators who run the operation have seen a groundswell of support from animal lovers that includes an online petition with more than 1,300 signatures as of Wednesday night. (
  • petition: Save wolves, animals and wild life. (
  • Compared with long domesticated livestock like chickens and pigs, researchers say less is known about the viruses that circulate in wild animals. (
  • They were able to connect the origins and evolution of the 1918 pandemic with viruses that circulate in other animals, particularly those from birds and the pigs examined by Dr. Koen. (
  • Now, a Spanish-Mexican research team has for the first time demonstrated ageing in a population of wild birds (Sula nebouxii) in terms of their ability to live and reproduce. (
  • While it specializes in songbirds and birds of prey, WIC also nurtures animals such as fox and skunks, fisher cats and bobcats. (
  • Woody and the hawk are WIC's odd birds: They no longer possess the necessary skills to survive in the wild. (
  • Disease ecologists now know that waterfowl can be a reservoir for influenza virus, and conduct surveillance on wild birds. (
  • The best places to take pictures of wild animals are in the animal's natural habitats where the photographer can get both close up and long shots. (
  • Let freedom roar" may be the informal slogan of three wild animal habitats in Northern, Central and Southern California that allow visitors to spend the night on the premises and get up-close (sort of) and personal with jungle animals in their natural settings. (
  • Many endangered animals have been forced from their natural habitats due to human expansion, deforestation and poaching. (
  • These include restoring wild habitats, strengthening anti-poaching efforts and working with villages in critical wild animal corridors. (
  • Natural habitats and breeding would come later (most notably with the opening of the African Plains in 1941) although the author makes a point of these developments being built on what was learned from studying the animals in the early days of the zoo. (
  • Zookeeping has steadily been evolving over the years: Today, animals that would once have been kept in iron cages roam freely in habitats similar to real prairies, jungles, and forests. (
  • There are 0 top-rated animal shelters in your area and 16 to avoid. (
  • Therefore, shelters such as the Rehabilitation Centre of Protected Animals in Przemysl are becoming more necessary. (
  • But extreme animal activists aren't the only ones who think animal happiness is important. (
  • Efficiency, economy, environmental effects, how it scales to feed an entire population, and how it affects other individual animals (which is apparently significant for elephants) all come into play. (
  • Karnataka is prone to several human-animal conflicts, especially cases involving sloth bears, leopards and elephants. (
  • The study with the captive cavies is interesting - the abstract of that study says that there wasn't a difference in stress hormones between the original, wild-caught cavies and the cavies who lived their whole lives in captivity. (
  • Wild and exotic animals live in captivity for a variety reasons, many for human entertainment. (
  • The BC SPCA is opposed to keeping wild and exotic animals in captivity , unless the Five Freedoms can be met. (
  • The BC SPCA recognizes that animals currently in captivity are not releasable. (
  • These industries are unable to provide for the welfare of these animals in captivity. (
  • Many people are against zoos because they feel it's wrong to keep animals in captivity. (
  • The core idea behind all of this is the belief that animals in nature are truly happier than animals in captivity, even than domesticated ones. (
  • In some areas he was successful, such as donating animals to the American Bison Society to repopulate the herds on the great plains, or opening the first veterinary hospital in a zoo in 1916 (which sadly came after many animals died in captivity). (
  • Raccoons, skunks, and foxes are the terrestrial animals most often infected with rabies in the United States. (
  • therefore, any such animal that exposes a person should be euthanized as soon as possible (without unnecessary damage to the head) and the brain should be submitted for rabies testing. (
  • In instances where wild or hybrid animals are suspected of rabies they should be euthanized and tested for rabies. (
  • Wild animals accounted for 92.7% of reported cases of rabies in 2018. (
  • Others wondered if changing the law would give individuals an excuse to needlessly shoot bears, alligators, or imposing wild turkeys in anticipation of a future threat. (
  • Oyster Bay officials are cracking down on a North Massapequa menagerie of wild animals with hawks, turkeys and a bobcat named Tasha, deeming it dangerous and saying it must be cleared out. (
  • The wild yak was once numerous and widespread on the entire Tibetan plateau north of the Himalayas, in central China , India (Ladakh), Bhutan and Nepal . (
  • Erin Yanz of Nature's Creatures Animal Show in Monee shows a peacock from India during a Wild Wednesdays program at Lake View Nature Center in Oakbrook Terrace. (
  • Despite years of seeking to get BLM to better protect these animals under the Wild Free-roaming Wild Horses and Burro Act (WHBA), little has been accomplished and America's wild horses are more endangered today than the were when that law was passed in 1971. (
  • Since the passage of the Wild Horse and Burro Act of 1971, wild horses have lost an additional 41 percent of their habitat-more than 20 million acres. (
  • A basic exploration of the appearance, behavior, and habitat of wild horses, animals that roam in bands. (
  • But with the outbreak upending lives across the country, many on Chinese social media are expressing frustration that rich people's appetite for wild animals is again endangering everyone else. (
  • The answer, it seems, lay at least in part in people's naiveté about the relationship between animals, the environment and human disease. (
  • Baby hedgehogs eviscerated by garden strimmers, nests of chicks dislodged from branches by pruning poles, baby deer suckling at the teats of their roadkill mothers - these are all-too-common occurrences at this time of year, with adult animals coming to grief as they leave their newborns in search of food. (
  • Don't wait, have a look at our vacation rentals via our search bar and be ready for your next trip near Wild Animal Safari! (
  • China, where an animal-loving middle class has been trying to change old ways, has promoted substitutes for tiger bones, rhino horns and certain other wild animal products, but doubts persist about their usefulness even among some officials. (
  • For the first time, Zanette, her students and collaborators experimentally demonstrated that the effects predator exposure has on the neural circuitry of fear in wild animals can persist beyond the period of the immediate 'fight or flight' response and instead can remain measurable more than a week later, in animals exposed in the interim to natural environmental and social conditions. (
  • The offspring of wild animals crossbred to domestic dogs and cats (wild animal hybrids) are considered wild animals by the National Association of State and Public Health Veterinarians (NASPHV) and the Council of State and Territorial Epidemiologists. (
  • A number of studies on the nutritional value of wild animal meat indicate that bushmeat is comparable if not better than domestic meat. (
  • Our mission is to protect and enhance the quality of life for domestic, farm and wild animals in BC. (
  • NASH: They are not our domestic animals, and we cannot treat them the same as we do with them. (
  • Domestic animals will choose to steer clear of dirt - but their wild cousins can't be so picky. (
  • Pets and domestic animals have plentiful food and are less at risk of being targeted by predators. (
  • Includes any animals prohibited from being owned as domestic pets under the Code of the Borough of Columbia, Pennsylvania. (
  • Bighorn sheep, wild horses and domestic livestock are also taken depending on what is available in the area where the animal is based. (
  • There is considerable difference in diet between domestic dogs and the related wild canids, wolves and dingoes," he says. (
  • Friends of Animals, an international animal protection organization, was founded in 1957, advocates for the rights of animals, free-living and domestic around the world. (
  • Can domestic animals trade diseases with wild animals? (
  • These were genuine wild buffalo, their blood unmixed with the blood of their domestic cousins. (
  • Wild Animals (야생동물 보호구역, Yasaeng dongmul bohoguyeog) is Korean director Kim Ki-duk's second film, released in 1996. (
  • Animal rescue and rehabilitation centres do not call this time of year spring. (
  • Nowadays several dozen specialised rehabilitation centres help wild animals in Poland. (
  • Yaks found in zoos are usually of the domesticated variety, which is smaller than the wild yak. (
  • With engaging animal photos and lively anecdotes, Wild Lives takes readers through a century of zookeeping at one of the most-beloved zoos in the world, and shares what zoologists have learned over the years about keeping wild animals. (
  • We at once seek connection with the mystery and freedom of the natural world, yet we continually strive to tame the wild around us and compulsively control the wild within our own nature. (
  • Its hard to tame wild animals. (
  • A Dangerous Wild Animal licence costs £200 plus the inspection fees. (
  • With new technologies available, there is no need for wild or exotic animals on set. (
  • Wild and exotic animals are frequently used in filming, even in B.C. They live an unnatural life in cages and on the road, all for our entertainment. (
  • Some wild and exotic animals are kept as mascots or used for sports like bear baiting and kangaroo or primate boxing. (
  • Now it's time for Lagoon to stop caging its exotic animals. (
  • The steam train travels with guests around the lagoon, treating them to spectacular views and glimpses of exotic animals. (
  • That's the problem - the glimpses of exotic animals. (
  • Featured animals include a few nature center residents like the milk snake and exotic visitors such as a coatimundi, a raccoon-like animal native to the American Southwest. (
  • In his 20-plus years working in animal control, Zavitz, 54, has run across other exotic creatures. (
  • Word of the centre has spread in the neighbourhood, so in addition to Polish fauna it also admits exotic animals, such as anaconda and a marmoset monkey. (
  • Supervisor John Venditto said he supports the Horvaths' cause as an animal lover, but, "If you're a neighbor with a 2-year-old child, you wouldn't be comfortable having a bobcat within striking distance. (
  • She leads the way into the intriguing world of animal sexual practices in her new book, "Wild Sex: The Science Behind Mating in the Animal Kingdom" (Pegasus Books, 2016). (
  • Our 2020 property listings offer a large selection of 79 vacation rentals around Wild Animal Safari. (
  • Friends of Animals Programs - Our program section is a collection of our continued efforts to free animals from cruelty and institutionalized exploitation around the world. (
  • These are the basis for most animal cruelty regulations, including those in the US and UK. (
  • By the standards our governments have set, the life of a wild animal is cruelty. (
  • These people needs help, until they see the error of their ways I'm asking you that either they get help for their actions, or spend time in jail I also ask that they be marked as animal abusers with cruelty. (
  • A wild horse grazes in the desert in the Tonto National Forest near the Salt River March 5, 2017. (
  • va is an admirer of the natural world, a lover of animals and wilderness who decided to cast both alongside the human subj. (
  • She already had a reputation in town as an animal lover when a friend brought her 2 injured raccoons 12 years ago. (
  • However, the government is often late in confiscating the animals so the orangutans vanish or die,' said orangutan lover Retno. (
  • From the time I was knee-high to a grasshopper I would drag everything home," said Jennifer Leonard, who like Opie was an animal lover as a child. (
  • PUPILS at Caerphilly's Twyn School kept up their long tradition of supporting animal welfare by handing over a cheque for £256.16 to the local branch of the RSPCA. (
  • Animal welfare groups such as People for Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA) have, however, expressed their concern over the ministry's decision. (
  • The Wuhan market was also like many other "wet markets" in Asia and elsewhere, where animals are tied up or stacked in cages. (
  • Most animals, including the big cats, live in small wire and concrete cages. (
  • But stop keeping wild animals in cages at Lagoon. (
  • the world's wild cats. (
  • But there are so many more amazing wild cats you've probably never even heard of. (
  • SHENZHEN, China -- On Saturday afternoon, vendors at the Dongmen live-animal market here were busy peddling pheasants, hedgehogs, cats and other creatures destined for cooking pots, when a tip began to spread. (
  • Many wild animals are active around dawn and dusk. (
  • Our dusk tour continues to several other animal exhibits until it's time for a barbecue dinner, prepared by the camp counselors. (
  • 28 similar articles, including: animal feartography, endangered animal portraits, and wild photos for green products. (
  • Wild animals and wild animal hybrids should not be kept as pets. (
  • Do you have some knowledge to share about pets or other animals? (
  • Conservationists from the Aceh Orangutan Forum (FORA) have called on the central government to take stern measures against people who keep protected animals, such as orangutans, as pets. (
  • As well as poaching, rare animals such as orangutans are frequently kept in recreational parks and private homes as pets. (
  • Pets are a wonderful addition to the family," adds Zavitz, who occasionally talks to schoolchildren about animal safety. (
  • The dingo's earliest ancestors were pets, but they evolved to become wild. (
  • Author's purpose is to persuade people that wild animals should not be kept as pets. (
  • In case you missed it, I delve into the concept of animal happiness and whether wild animals are happier than others in a new post on SciAm's Guest Blog . (
  • Delve into your wild side with this metallic animal print dress. (
  • A buzzard patient taken in by WAF after breaking a wing near Heathrow Airport recently benefited from the services of avian specialist Neil Forbes from Vets Now Referrals in Swindon, and several months ago one of the UK's top animal eye surgeons performed a delicate operation on an owlet at the centre. (
  • The Fedaczyński family veterinary clinic supported by the foundation has grown to a centre which employs about 15 people and through which nearly 600 animals pass through each year, of which about 60 per cent returns to nature. (
  • The authorities of Kłodzko equipped the "Jerzy dla jeży" centre with an incubator for newborns as well as a microscope and an otoscope to examine the animals for parasites. (
  • Professional care of the animals is also provided by veterinarian Katarzyna Ptak, who co-manages the centre and is currently preparing a Ph.D. dissertation on parasitic diseases of hedgehogs. (
  • Also, there have been suggestions from several quarters that since state forest departments do not have the power to issue orders to hunt down wild animals, the Centre must make regulations to ensure the safety of human life and property. (
  • Vets cleaned the two small puncture wounds in its neck and it is now convalescing before going into specialist care until it is old enough to survive in the wild on its own. (
  • Britain is dotted with a network of rescue centres and individual hobbyist rescuers who share tips about animal care and pass patients between themselves depending on specialisms. (
  • The book is largely spoiled by the sentimental, inappropriate words that Bouchard puts in the mouths of the animals: I m just grateful that you care, says the otter to the painter. (
  • Eventually, nearly every animal under WIC's care will be released. (
  • All the animals are brought to us by people who care," Reid says. (
  • U.S. Rep. Rob Bishop of Utah told the wild horse summit, which was held behind closed doors in Utah last week, that wild horse advocates care more about fundraising than the animals, but of course there were no advocates there to defend themselves because they were not invited to attend. (
  • But many farms do care for their animals well, and the vast majority of pet owners do, too. (
  • See how one man is taking it upon himself to care for wild animals and help preserve nature. (
  • We take care of all animals, without distinctions," emphasises Dr. Fedaczyński. (
  • In fact, I suggest we recognize that wild animals are also integral to what I call eco-social reproduction: The subsistence and care work they do contributes to the maintenance of ecosystems . (
  • They offer feeding and medical treatment, keeping a log on each animal taken in and details of the care. (
  • Per usual, the lack of compassion for America's wild horses and their familial bonds and blatant disregard for what. (
  • 31 per cent of the total wild horse herd has been trapped in the past two seasons and in January of 2014 another record capture season, to cull 200 wild horses, was announced by the ESRD. (
  • Wild animals are fearful and beautiful at the same time. (
  • A new study by Western University demonstrates that the fear predators inspire can leave long-lasting traces in the neural circuitry of wild animals and induce enduringly fearful behaviour, comparable to effects seen in PTSD research. (
  • Beijing in 1993 banned trade in tiger bones and rhino horns, both prized in traditional medicine, as part of global efforts to halt declining animal stocks. (
  • Commercial tiger farms in China are legal and tiger parts from these farms often end up being made into tonics and going into other medicines, animal rights groups say. (
  • Substitutes exist for tiger bones and many other products from wild animals such as bear bile, the extraction of which from live animals rights groups condemn as barbaric. (
  • Under the scheme, any individual or organisation can adopt any animal from lion, tiger and leopard to bear, crocodile and even a snake," Shukla said. (
  • The amount spent on these animals will be exempt from income tax and will be deposited with Madhya Pradesh Tiger Foundation Society. (
  • A wild tiger can eat 60 pounds of meat in one night. (
  • There are six recognized subspecies of tiger, although one of them, the South China Tiger, hasn't been observed in the wild for over 30 years. (
  • Of course, the question of eating wild vs captive vs domesticated animals goes beyond an individual animal's well-being. (
  • The nameplate of the person who adopts an animal will be affixed in front of the animal's enclosure. (
  • Possible Hybrid Combinations (456G7) Introduction (456G5) Animal Crossing Wild World came out December the 6th, 2005. (
  • Breeding flowers in Animal Crossing Wild World is a new addition to the game, and is very simple to execute, and once you are successful in making a hybrid (Which is breeding two flowers together to make one new flower) it is very awarding. (
  • Animal Crossing: Wild World - Test Wilde Kreaturen zum Mitnehmen: Die abgedrehte Lebenssimulation für den Nintendo DS! (
  • 33 Animal Crossing: Wild World (DS Review) von Anja Rudlaff Hier kommt die ultimative Lösung für all Eure Sorgen und Nöte: Zieht in eine andere Stadt. (
  • In a world in which 1.02 billion people have poor nutrition, the authors of this article are studying the value of wild plants and wild animals as food. (
  • Bondar is the current lead presenter for Discovery World's "Brave New World with Stephen Hawking" and host of the web series "Wild Sex" for Earth Touch News Network. (
  • From feathers to fur and scales to skin, Animal Baths explores the fun and creative ways the world s animals get clean. (
  • Photographing frogs in the wild at night can be challenging, and often call for the use of off-camera flashes or at least a bright flashlight. (
  • We always urge people to think about wild animals before they start work on their gardens and homes and the advice is particularly relevant this time of year when there are young around. (
  • The spreading illness also serves as a grim reminder that how animals are handled anywhere can endanger people everywhere. (
  • SARS and the current outbreak of COVID-19 are not the only diseases in people traced back to animals. (
  • Evidence suggests it originated in bats, which infected another animal that spread it to people at a market in the southeastern city of Wuhan. (
  • The messy mix raises the tiny odds that a new virus will jump to people handling the animals and start to spread, experts say. (
  • Under the proposal, people who kill an alligator or "big game," defined as a white tailed deer, wild turkey, or black bear, must hand its carcass over to the S.C. Department of Natural Resources. (
  • The yak was probably domesticated in Tibet during the first millennium B.C., and domesticated animals now occur throughout the high plateaus and mountains of Central Asia, in association with people. (
  • There are a lot of people out there who get very moved about what happens to animals. (
  • The government should immediately confiscate the protected animals from the hands of incompetent people in Aceh,' said FORA activist Azhar recently. (
  • Many people are unaware that poaching protected animals is against the law. (
  • People need to keep track of their animals and keep them on a leash," he says. (
  • People and animals live side by side - and can have pathogens in common. (
  • Happiness is hard enough to define in people, let alone in an animals. (
  • The idea, in particular, that livestock could be happier than wild animals is a hard thing to grasp, because as people, we can't imagine being kept simply to be used. (
  • This is true for people and animals alike. (
  • I am asking that you also introduce a bill that would register people who has ever abused an animal, killed an animal, or tortured one to be registered as an animal abuser. (
  • These people need to be listed as abusers, some of the hunters admitted that the animals had done nothing wrong. (
  • I'm calling on all Canadians and the International community to join me in demanding that the Canadian Government, both Provincial and Federal, finally commit to protect our wild horses by creating cohesive legislation under which all our wild horses will be protected and granted the freedom to roam our public Lands, which is as much theirs as it is ours. (
  • More commonly, however, he rescues opossums from window wells or raccoons from under porches and releases them into the wild if they're healthy. (
  • I didn't realize how dangerous it was to for a photographer to watch two animals play fighting from the outside of a zoo enclosure. (
  • In her photo essay "Domesticated," photographer Amy Stein explores the barriers between humanity's built environment and the wild. (
  • The group has rescued, rehabilitated and advocated to preserve Salt River wild horses for nearly eight years, documenting many of the horses along the way. (
  • Luke's handler, Erin Yanz of Nature's Creatures Animal Show, answered questions and explained that Luke uses his iridescent tail to attract females and scare off predators. (
  • For example, Leonard notes cow's milk can cause health problems for many wild creatures. (
  • The male cardinal tenderly feeding his mate is just one example of the hard work wild animals undertake in springtime. (
  • They believe that all animals 'deserve to lead free, natural lives. (
  • Brown bears and polar bears have been known to mate in the wild creating natural hybrid bears. (
  • The stories with happy endings involve returning the animal to its natural habitat. (