Animals, Wild: Animals considered to be wild or feral or not adapted for domestic use. It does not include wild animals in zoos for which ANIMALS, ZOO is available.Mutation: Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Base Sequence: The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.Amino Acid Sequence: The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.Birds: Warm-blooded VERTEBRATES possessing FEATHERS and belonging to the class Aves.Bird Diseases: Diseases of birds not considered poultry, therefore usually found in zoos, parks, and the wild. The concept is differentiated from POULTRY DISEASES which is for birds raised as a source of meat or eggs for human consumption, and usually found in barnyards, hatcheries, etc.Mutagenesis, Site-Directed: Genetically engineered MUTAGENESIS at a specific site in the DNA molecule that introduces a base substitution, or an insertion or deletion.Sus scrofa: A species of SWINE, in the family Suidae, comprising a number of subspecies including the domestic pig Sus scrofa domestica.Animals, Domestic: Animals which have become adapted through breeding in captivity to a life intimately associated with humans. They include animals domesticated by humans to live and breed in a tame condition on farms or ranches for economic reasons, including LIVESTOCK (specifically CATTLE; SHEEP; HORSES; etc.), POULTRY; and those raised or kept for pleasure and companionship, e.g., PETS; or specifically DOGS; CATS; etc.Phylogeny: The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.Phenotype: The outward appearance of the individual. It is the product of interactions between genes, and between the GENOTYPE and the environment.Genetic Variation: Genotypic differences observed among individuals in a population.Disease Reservoirs: Animate or inanimate sources which normally harbor disease-causing organisms and thus serve as potential sources of disease outbreaks. Reservoirs are distinguished from vectors (DISEASE VECTORS) and carriers, which are agents of disease transmission rather than continuing sources of potential disease outbreaks.Plants, Edible: An organism of the vegetable kingdom suitable by nature for use as a food, especially by human beings. Not all parts of any given plant are edible but all parts of edible plants have been known to figure as raw or cooked food: leaves, roots, tubers, stems, seeds, buds, fruits, and flowers. The most commonly edible parts of plants are FRUIT, usually sweet, fleshy, and succulent. Most edible plants are commonly cultivated for their nutritional value and are referred to as VEGETABLES.Escherichia coli: A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria (GRAM-NEGATIVE FACULTATIVELY ANAEROBIC RODS) commonly found in the lower part of the intestine of warm-blooded animals. It is usually nonpathogenic, but some strains are known to produce DIARRHEA and pyogenic infections. Pathogenic strains (virotypes) are classified by their specific pathogenic mechanisms such as toxins (ENTEROTOXIGENIC ESCHERICHIA COLI), etc.Sequence Analysis, DNA: A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.Influenza in Birds: Infection of domestic and wild fowl and other BIRDS with INFLUENZA A VIRUS. Avian influenza usually does not sicken birds, but can be highly pathogenic and fatal in domestic POULTRY.Anseriformes: An order of BIRDS comprising the waterfowl, particularly DUCKS; GEESE; swans; and screamers.Poliomyelitis: An acute infectious disease of humans, particularly children, caused by any of three serotypes of human poliovirus (POLIOVIRUS). Usually the infection is limited to the gastrointestinal tract and nasopharynx, and is often asymptomatic. The central nervous system, primarily the spinal cord, may be affected, leading to rapidly progressive paralysis, coarse FASCICULATION and hyporeflexia. Motor neurons are primarily affected. Encephalitis may also occur. The virus replicates in the nervous system, and may cause significant neuronal loss, most notably in the spinal cord. A rare related condition, nonpoliovirus poliomyelitis, may result from infections with nonpoliovirus enteroviruses. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp764-5)Kinetics: The rate dynamics in chemical or physical systems.Bacterial Proteins: Proteins found in any species of bacterium.Animal Population Groups: Animals grouped according to ecological, morphological or genetic populations.Mice, Knockout: Strains of mice in which certain GENES of their GENOMES have been disrupted, or "knocked-out". To produce knockouts, using RECOMBINANT DNA technology, the normal DNA sequence of the gene being studied is altered to prevent synthesis of a normal gene product. Cloned cells in which this DNA alteration is successful are then injected into mouse EMBRYOS to produce chimeric mice. The chimeric mice are then bred to yield a strain in which all the cells of the mouse contain the disrupted gene. Knockout mice are used as EXPERIMENTAL ANIMAL MODELS for diseases (DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL) and to clarify the functions of the genes.Deer: The family Cervidae of 17 genera and 45 species occurring nearly throughout North America, South America, and Eurasia, on most associated continental islands, and in northern Africa. Wild populations of deer have been established through introduction by people in Cuba, New Guinea, Australia, New Zealand, and other places where the family does not naturally occur. They are slim, long-legged and best characterized by the presence of antlers. Their habitat is forests, swamps, brush country, deserts, and arctic tundra. They are usually good swimmers; some migrate seasonally. (Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, p1362)Ethnobotany: The study of plant lore and agricultural customs of a people. In the fields of ETHNOMEDICINE and ETHNOPHARMACOLOGY, the emphasis is on traditional medicine and the existence and medicinal uses of PLANTS and PLANT EXTRACTS and their constituents, both historically and in modern times.DNA Primers: Short sequences (generally about 10 base pairs) of DNA that are complementary to sequences of messenger RNA and allow reverse transcriptases to start copying the adjacent sequences of mRNA. Primers are used extensively in genetic and molecular biology techniques.Cell Line: Established cell cultures that have the potential to propagate indefinitely.Animals, ZooAquaculture: Cultivation of natural faunal resources of water. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Gene Deletion: A genetic rearrangement through loss of segments of DNA or RNA, bringing sequences which are normally separated into close proximity. This deletion may be detected using cytogenetic techniques and can also be inferred from the phenotype, indicating a deletion at one specific locus.Recombinant Proteins: Proteins prepared by recombinant DNA technology.Rodent Diseases: Diseases of rodents of the order RODENTIA. This term includes diseases of Sciuridae (squirrels), Geomyidae (gophers), Heteromyidae (pouched mice), Castoridae (beavers), Cricetidae (rats and mice), Muridae (Old World rats and mice), Erethizontidae (porcupines), and Caviidae (guinea pigs).Alleles: Variant forms of the same gene, occupying the same locus on homologous CHROMOSOMES, and governing the variants in production of the same gene product.Hybridization, Genetic: The genetic process of crossbreeding between genetically dissimilar parents to produce a hybrid.Mutagenesis: Process of generating a genetic MUTATION. It may occur spontaneously or be induced by MUTAGENS.Carnivora: An order of MAMMALS, usually flesh eaters with appropriate dentition. Suborders include the terrestrial carnivores Fissipedia, and the aquatic carnivores PINNIPEDIA.Binding Sites: The parts of a macromolecule that directly participate in its specific combination with another molecule.Cloning, Molecular: The insertion of recombinant DNA molecules from prokaryotic and/or eukaryotic sources into a replicating vehicle, such as a plasmid or virus vector, and the introduction of the resultant hybrid molecules into recipient cells without altering the viability of those cells.Plants, Genetically Modified: PLANTS, or their progeny, whose GENOME has been altered by GENETIC ENGINEERING.Protein Binding: The process in which substances, either endogenous or exogenous, bind to proteins, peptides, enzymes, protein precursors, or allied compounds. Specific protein-binding measures are often used as assays in diagnostic assessments.Polymerase Chain Reaction: In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.Point Mutation: A mutation caused by the substitution of one nucleotide for another. This results in the DNA molecule having a change in a single base pair.Gene Expression Regulation, Plant: Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control of gene action in plants.Crosses, Genetic: Deliberate breeding of two different individuals that results in offspring that carry part of the genetic material of each parent. The parent organisms must be genetically compatible and may be from different varieties or closely related species.DucksCanidae: A family of terrestrial carnivores with long snouts and non-retractable claws. Members include COYOTES; DOGS; FOXES; JACKALS; RACCOON DOGS; and WOLVES.Microsatellite Repeats: A variety of simple repeat sequences that are distributed throughout the GENOME. They are characterized by a short repeat unit of 2-8 basepairs that is repeated up to 100 times. They are also known as short tandem repeats (STRs).Plasmids: Extrachromosomal, usually CIRCULAR DNA molecules that are self-replicating and transferable from one organism to another. They are found in a variety of bacterial, archaeal, fungal, algal, and plant species. They are used in GENETIC ENGINEERING as CLONING VECTORS.Rodentia: A mammalian order which consists of 29 families and many genera.DNA, Plant: Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of plants.Reproduction: The total process by which organisms produce offspring. (Stedman, 25th ed)Solanum: A plant genus of the family SOLANACEAE. Members contain SOLANACEOUS ALKALOIDS. Some species in this genus are called deadly nightshade which is also a common name for ATROPA BELLADONNA.Plant Leaves: Expanded structures, usually green, of vascular plants, characteristically consisting of a bladelike expansion attached to a stem, and functioning as the principal organ of photosynthesis and transpiration. (American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)Sequence Homology, Amino Acid: The degree of similarity between sequences of amino acids. This information is useful for the analyzing genetic relatedness of proteins and species.Mice, Inbred C57BLConservation of Natural Resources: The protection, preservation, restoration, and rational use of all resources in the total environment.Muridae: A family of the order Rodentia containing 250 genera including the two genera Mus (MICE) and Rattus (RATS), from which the laboratory inbred strains are developed. The fifteen subfamilies are SIGMODONTINAE (New World mice and rats), CRICETINAE, Spalacinae, Myospalacinae, Lophiomyinae, ARVICOLINAE, Platacanthomyinae, Nesomyinae, Otomyinae, Rhizomyinae, GERBILLINAE, Dendromurinae, Cricetomyinae, MURINAE (Old World mice and rats), and Hydromyinae.Genetic Complementation Test: A test used to determine whether or not complementation (compensation in the form of dominance) will occur in a cell with a given mutant phenotype when another mutant genome, encoding the same mutant phenotype, is introduced into that cell.Geography: The science dealing with the earth and its life, especially the description of land, sea, and air and the distribution of plant and animal life, including humanity and human industries with reference to the mutual relations of these elements. (From Webster, 3d ed)Models, Molecular: Models used experimentally or theoretically to study molecular shape, electronic properties, or interactions; includes analogous molecules, computer-generated graphics, and mechanical structures.Oryza sativa: Annual cereal grass of the family POACEAE and its edible starchy grain, rice, which is the staple food of roughly one-half of the world's population.Fish Diseases: Diseases of freshwater, marine, hatchery or aquarium fish. This term includes diseases of both teleosts (true fish) and elasmobranchs (sharks, rays and skates).Fisheries: Places for cultivation and harvesting of fish, particularly in sea waters. (from McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Temperature: The property of objects that determines the direction of heat flow when they are placed in direct thermal contact. The temperature is the energy of microscopic motions (vibrational and translational) of the particles of atoms.Animal Migration: Periodic movements of animals in response to seasonal changes or reproductive instinct. Hormonal changes are the trigger in at least some animals. Most migrations are made for reasons of climatic change, feeding, or breeding.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Charadriiformes: An order of BIRDS including over 300 species that primarily inhabit coastal waters, beaches, and marshes. They are comprised of shorebirds, gulls, and terns.Plant Roots: The usually underground portions of a plant that serve as support, store food, and through which water and mineral nutrients enter the plant. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 1982; Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)ArtiodactylaTransfection: The uptake of naked or purified DNA by CELLS, usually meaning the process as it occurs in eukaryotic cells. It is analogous to bacterial transformation (TRANSFORMATION, BACTERIAL) and both are routinely employed in GENE TRANSFER TECHNIQUES.Saccharomyces cerevisiae: A species of the genus SACCHAROMYCES, family Saccharomycetaceae, order Saccharomycetales, known as "baker's" or "brewer's" yeast. The dried form is used as a dietary supplement.Poliovirus: A species of ENTEROVIRUS which is the causal agent of POLIOMYELITIS in humans. Three serotypes (strains) exist. Transmission is by the fecal-oral route, pharyngeal secretions, or mechanical vector (flies). Vaccines with both inactivated and live attenuated virus have proven effective in immunizing against the infection.Cloaca: A dilated cavity extended caudally from the hindgut. In adult birds, reptiles, amphibians, and many fishes but few mammals, cloaca is a common chamber into which the digestive, urinary and reproductive tracts discharge their contents. In most mammals, cloaca gives rise to LARGE INTESTINE; URINARY BLADDER; and GENITALIA.Tigers: The species Panthera tigris, a large feline inhabiting Asia. Several subspecies exist including the Siberian tiger and Sumatran tiger.GeeseSequence Alignment: The arrangement of two or more amino acid or base sequences from an organism or organisms in such a way as to align areas of the sequences sharing common properties. The degree of relatedness or homology between the sequences is predicted computationally or statistically based on weights assigned to the elements aligned between the sequences. This in turn can serve as a potential indicator of the genetic relatedness between the organisms.Seeds: The encapsulated embryos of flowering plants. They are used as is or for animal feed because of the high content of concentrated nutrients like starches, proteins, and fats. Rapeseed, cottonseed, and sunflower seed are also produced for the oils (fats) they yield.Poliovirus Vaccine, Oral: A live vaccine containing attenuated poliovirus, types I, II, and III, grown in monkey kidney cell tissue culture, used for routine immunization of children against polio. This vaccine induces long-lasting intestinal and humoral immunity. Killed vaccine induces only humoral immunity. Oral poliovirus vaccine should not be administered to immunocompromised individuals or their household contacts. (Dorland, 28th ed)Seasons: Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Virulence: The degree of pathogenicity within a group or species of microorganisms or viruses as indicated by case fatality rates and/or the ability of the organism to invade the tissues of the host. The pathogenic capacity of an organism is determined by its VIRULENCE FACTORS.Genetics, Population: The discipline studying genetic composition of populations and effects of factors such as GENETIC SELECTION, population size, MUTATION, migration, and GENETIC DRIFT on the frequencies of various GENOTYPES and PHENOTYPES using a variety of GENETIC TECHNIQUES.Population Dynamics: The pattern of any process, or the interrelationship of phenomena, which affects growth or change within a population.Passeriformes: A widely distributed order of perching BIRDS, including more than half of all bird species.Protein Conformation: The characteristic 3-dimensional shape of a protein, including the secondary, supersecondary (motifs), tertiary (domains) and quaternary structure of the peptide chain. PROTEIN STRUCTURE, QUATERNARY describes the conformation assumed by multimeric proteins (aggregates of more than one polypeptide chain).Ruminants: A suborder of the order ARTIODACTYLA whose members have the distinguishing feature of a four-chambered stomach, including the capacious RUMEN. Horns or antlers are usually present, at least in males.Signal Transduction: The intracellular transfer of information (biological activation/inhibition) through a signal pathway. In each signal transduction system, an activation/inhibition signal from a biologically active molecule (hormone, neurotransmitter) is mediated via the coupling of a receptor/enzyme to a second messenger system or to an ion channel. Signal transduction plays an important role in activating cellular functions, cell differentiation, and cell proliferation. Examples of signal transduction systems are the GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID-postsynaptic receptor-calcium ion channel system, the receptor-mediated T-cell activation pathway, and the receptor-mediated activation of phospholipases. Those coupled to membrane depolarization or intracellular release of calcium include the receptor-mediated activation of cytotoxic functions in granulocytes and the synaptic potentiation of protein kinase activation. Some signal transduction pathways may be part of larger signal transduction pathways; for example, protein kinase activation is part of the platelet activation signal pathway.Genes, Bacterial: The functional hereditary units of BACTERIA.Selection, Genetic: Differential and non-random reproduction of different genotypes, operating to alter the gene frequencies within a population.Ecosystem: A functional system which includes the organisms of a natural community together with their environment. (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Inbreeding: The mating of plants or non-human animals which are closely related genetically.Zoonoses: Diseases of non-human animals that may be transmitted to HUMANS or may be transmitted from humans to non-human animals.Agriculture: The science, art or practice of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raising livestock.Biological Evolution: The process of cumulative change over successive generations through which organisms acquire their distinguishing morphological and physiological characteristics.Polymorphism, Genetic: The regular and simultaneous occurrence in a single interbreeding population of two or more discontinuous genotypes. The concept includes differences in genotypes ranging in size from a single nucleotide site (POLYMORPHISM, SINGLE NUCLEOTIDE) to large nucleotide sequences visible at a chromosomal level.Models, Biological: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Mutation, Missense: A mutation in which a codon is mutated to one directing the incorporation of a different amino acid. This substitution may result in an inactive or unstable product. (From A Dictionary of Genetics, King & Stansfield, 5th ed)Felidae: The cat family in the order CARNIVORA comprised of muscular, deep-chested terrestrial carnivores with a highly predatory lifestyle.Arvicolinae: A subfamily of MURIDAE found nearly world-wide and consisting of about 20 genera. Voles, lemmings, and muskrats are members.Structure-Activity Relationship: The relationship between the chemical structure of a compound and its biological or pharmacological activity. Compounds are often classed together because they have structural characteristics in common including shape, size, stereochemical arrangement, and distribution of functional groups.DNA, Bacterial: Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of bacteria.Herpestidae: The family of agile, keen-sighted mongooses of Asia and Africa that feed on RODENTS and SNAKES.Salmon: Fish of the genera ONCORHYNCHUS and Salmo in the family SALMONIDAE. They are anadromous game fish, frequenting the coastal waters of both the North Atlantic and Pacific. They are known for their gameness as a sport fish and for the quality of their flesh as a table fish. (Webster, 3d ed).Chromosome Mapping: Any method used for determining the location of and relative distances between genes on a chromosome.Endangered Species: An animal or plant species in danger of extinction. Causes can include human activity, changing climate, or change in predator/prey ratios.RNA, Messenger: RNA sequences that serve as templates for protein synthesis. Bacterial mRNAs are generally primary transcripts in that they do not require post-transcriptional processing. Eukaryotic mRNA is synthesized in the nucleus and must be exported to the cytoplasm for translation. Most eukaryotic mRNAs have a sequence of polyadenylic acid at the 3' end, referred to as the poly(A) tail. The function of this tail is not known for certain, but it may play a role in the export of mature mRNA from the nucleus as well as in helping stabilize some mRNA molecules by retarding their degradation in the cytoplasm.Plant Diseases: Diseases of plants.Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction: A variation of the PCR technique in which cDNA is made from RNA via reverse transcription. The resultant cDNA is then amplified using standard PCR protocols.Lycopersicon esculentum: A plant species of the family SOLANACEAE, native of South America, widely cultivated for their edible, fleshy, usually red fruit.Transcription, Genetic: The biosynthesis of RNA carried out on a template of DNA. The biosynthesis of DNA from an RNA template is called REVERSE TRANSCRIPTION.Breeding: The production of offspring by selective mating or HYBRIDIZATION, GENETIC in animals or plants.Evolution, Molecular: The process of cumulative change at the level of DNA; RNA; and PROTEINS, over successive generations.Sequence Deletion: Deletion of sequences of nucleic acids from the genetic material of an individual.Blotting, Western: Identification of proteins or peptides that have been electrophoretically separated by blot transferring from the electrophoresis gel to strips of nitrocellulose paper, followed by labeling with antibody probes.Mice, Transgenic: Laboratory mice that have been produced from a genetically manipulated EGG or EMBRYO, MAMMALIAN.Agaricales: An extensive order of basidiomycetous fungi whose fruiting bodies are commonly called mushrooms.Recombinant Fusion Proteins: Recombinant proteins produced by the GENETIC TRANSLATION of fused genes formed by the combination of NUCLEIC ACID REGULATORY SEQUENCES of one or more genes with the protein coding sequences of one or more genes.Hordeum: A plant genus of the family POACEAE. The EDIBLE GRAIN, barley, is widely used as food.Flowers: The reproductive organs of plants.Gene Knockout Techniques: Techniques to alter a gene sequence that result in an inactivated gene, or one in which the expression can be inactivated at a chosen time during development to study the loss of function of a gene.Catalysis: The facilitation of a chemical reaction by material (catalyst) that is not consumed by the reaction.Transcription Factors: Endogenous substances, usually proteins, which are effective in the initiation, stimulation, or termination of the genetic transcription process.Ectoparasitic Infestations: Infestations by PARASITES which live on, or burrow into, the surface of their host's EPIDERMIS. Most ectoparasites are ARTHROPODS.Protozoan Infections, Animal: Infections with unicellular organisms formerly members of the subkingdom Protozoa. The infections may be experimental or veterinary.Parasitic Diseases, Animal: Infections or infestations with parasitic organisms. The infestation may be experimental or veterinary.Falconiformes: An order of diurnal BIRDS of prey, including EAGLES; HAWKS; buzzards; vultures; and falcons.Salmo salar: A commercially important species of SALMON in the family SALMONIDAE, order SALMONIFORMES, which occurs in the North Atlantic.Sexual Behavior, Animal: Sexual activities of animals.Cricetinae: A subfamily in the family MURIDAE, comprising the hamsters. Four of the more common genera are Cricetus, CRICETULUS; MESOCRICETUS; and PHODOPUS.Heterozygote: An individual having different alleles at one or more loci regarding a specific character.DNA: A deoxyribonucleotide polymer that is the primary genetic material of all cells. Eukaryotic and prokaryotic organisms normally contain DNA in a double-stranded state, yet several important biological processes transiently involve single-stranded regions. DNA, which consists of a polysugar-phosphate backbone possessing projections of purines (adenine and guanine) and pyrimidines (thymine and cytosine), forms a double helix that is held together by hydrogen bonds between these purines and pyrimidines (adenine to thymine and guanine to cytosine).Cell Membrane: The lipid- and protein-containing, selectively permeable membrane that surrounds the cytoplasm in prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells.Pan troglodytes: The common chimpanzee, a species of the genus Pan, family HOMINIDAE. It lives in Africa, primarily in the tropical rainforests. There are a number of recognized subspecies.Murinae: A subfamily in the family MURIDAE, comprising the Old World MICE and RATS.Cysteine: A thiol-containing non-essential amino acid that is oxidized to form CYSTINE.Panthera: Genus in the family FELIDAE comprised of big felines including LIONS; TIGERS; jaguars; and the leopard.Recombination, Genetic: Production of new arrangements of DNA by various mechanisms such as assortment and segregation, CROSSING OVER; GENE CONVERSION; GENETIC TRANSFORMATION; GENETIC CONJUGATION; GENETIC TRANSDUCTION; or mixed infection of viruses.COS Cells: CELL LINES derived from the CV-1 cell line by transformation with a replication origin defective mutant of SV40 VIRUS, which codes for wild type large T antigen (ANTIGENS, POLYOMAVIRUS TRANSFORMING). They are used for transfection and cloning. (The CV-1 cell line was derived from the kidney of an adult male African green monkey (CERCOPITHECUS AETHIOPS).)Promoter Regions, Genetic: DNA sequences which are recognized (directly or indirectly) and bound by a DNA-dependent RNA polymerase during the initiation of transcription. Highly conserved sequences within the promoter include the Pribnow box in bacteria and the TATA BOX in eukaryotes.Seedling: Very young plant after GERMINATION of SEEDS.Light: That portion of the electromagnetic spectrum in the visible, ultraviolet, and infrared range.Fungal Proteins: Proteins found in any species of fungus.DNA-Binding Proteins: Proteins which bind to DNA. The family includes proteins which bind to both double- and single-stranded DNA and also includes specific DNA binding proteins in serum which can be used as markers for malignant diseases.Rupicapra: A genus of ruminants in the family Bovidae. The common name chamois usually refers to the species Rupicapra rupicapra. Rupicapra pyrenaica, found in the Pyrenees, is more properly referred to as the Pyrenean chamois.Tibet: An autonomous region located in central Asia, within China.Cells, Cultured: Cells propagated in vitro in special media conducive to their growth. Cultured cells are used to study developmental, morphologic, metabolic, physiologic, and genetic processes, among others.Influenza A Virus, H5N1 Subtype: A subtype of INFLUENZA A VIRUS comprised of the surface proteins hemagglutinin 5 and neuraminidase 1. The H5N1 subtype, frequently referred to as the bird flu virus, is endemic in wild birds and very contagious among both domestic (POULTRY) and wild birds. It does not usually infect humans, but some cases have been reported.Raccoons: Carnivores of the genus Procyon of the family PROCYONIDAE. Two subgenera and seven species are currently recognized. They range from southern Canada to Panama and are found in several of the Caribbean Islands.Serine: A non-essential amino acid occurring in natural form as the L-isomer. It is synthesized from GLYCINE or THREONINE. It is involved in the biosynthesis of PURINES; PYRIMIDINES; and other amino acids.Chromosomes, Plant: Complex nucleoprotein structures which contain the genomic DNA and are part of the CELL NUCLEUS of PLANTS.Population Density: Number of individuals in a population relative to space.Manihot: A plant genus of the family EUPHORBIACEAE that is perennial with conspicuous, almost palmate leaves like those of RICINUS but more deeply parted into five to nine lobes. It is a source of a starch after removal of the cyanogenic glucosides. The common name of Arrowroot is also used with Maranta (MARANTACEAE). The common name of yuca is also used for YUCCA.Adaptation, Physiological: The non-genetic biological changes of an organism in response to challenges in its ENVIRONMENT.Gene Expression Regulation: Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control (induction or repression) of gene action at the level of transcription or translation.Substrate Specificity: A characteristic feature of enzyme activity in relation to the kind of substrate on which the enzyme or catalytic molecule reacts.Archaeology: The scientific study of past societies through artifacts, fossils, etc.Carrier Proteins: Transport proteins that carry specific substances in the blood or across cell membranes.Escherichia coli Proteins: Proteins obtained from ESCHERICHIA COLI.Raptors: BIRDS that hunt and kill other animals, especially higher vertebrates, for food. They include the FALCONIFORMES order, or diurnal birds of prey, comprised of EAGLES, falcons, HAWKS, and others, as well as the STRIGIFORMES order, or nocturnal birds of prey, which includes OWLS.Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel: Electrophoresis in which a polyacrylamide gel is used as the diffusion medium.Felis: Genus in the family FELIDAE comprised of small felines including the domestic cat, Felis catus (CATS) and its ancestor the wild cat, Felis silvestris.Copepoda: A huge subclass of mostly marine CRUSTACEA, containing over 14,000 species. The 10 orders comprise both planktonic and benthic organisms, and include both free-living and parasitic forms. Planktonic copepods form the principle link between PHYTOPLANKTON and the higher trophic levels of the marine food chains.Poultry: Domesticated birds raised for food. It typically includes CHICKENS; TURKEYS, DUCKS; GEESE; and others.Olea: A plant genus of the family Oleaceae. The olive fruit is the source of olive oil.Genetic Markers: A phenotypically recognizable genetic trait which can be used to identify a genetic locus, a linkage group, or a recombination event.DNA, Mitochondrial: Double-stranded DNA of MITOCHONDRIA. In eukaryotes, the mitochondrial GENOME is circular and codes for ribosomal RNAs, transfer RNAs, and about 10 proteins.Disease Outbreaks: Sudden increase in the incidence of a disease. The concept includes EPIDEMICS and PANDEMICS.Culture Media: Any liquid or solid preparation made specifically for the growth, storage, or transport of microorganisms or other types of cells. The variety of media that exist allow for the culturing of specific microorganisms and cell types, such as differential media, selective media, test media, and defined media. Solid media consist of liquid media that have been solidified with an agent such as AGAR or GELATIN.Protein Structure, Secondary: The level of protein structure in which regular hydrogen-bond interactions within contiguous stretches of polypeptide chain give rise to alpha helices, beta strands (which align to form beta sheets) or other types of coils. This is the first folding level of protein conformation.Feeding Behavior: Behavioral responses or sequences associated with eating including modes of feeding, rhythmic patterns of eating, and time intervals.Gene Flow: The change in gene frequency in a population due to migration of gametes or individuals (ANIMAL MIGRATION) across population barriers. In contrast, in GENETIC DRIFT the cause of gene frequency changes are not a result of population or gamete movement.Seroepidemiologic Studies: EPIDEMIOLOGIC STUDIES based on the detection through serological testing of characteristic change in the serum level of specific ANTIBODIES. Latent subclinical infections and carrier states can thus be detected in addition to clinically overt cases.Alanine: A non-essential amino acid that occurs in high levels in its free state in plasma. It is produced from pyruvate by transamination. It is involved in sugar and acid metabolism, increases IMMUNITY, and provides energy for muscle tissue, BRAIN, and the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM.Photosynthesis: The synthesis by organisms of organic chemical compounds, especially carbohydrates, from carbon dioxide using energy obtained from light rather than from the oxidation of chemical compounds. Photosynthesis comprises two separate processes: the light reactions and the dark reactions. In higher plants; GREEN ALGAE; and CYANOBACTERIA; NADPH and ATP formed by the light reactions drive the dark reactions which result in the fixation of carbon dioxide. (from Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 2001)Hydrogen-Ion Concentration: The normality of a solution with respect to HYDROGEN ions; H+. It is related to acidity measurements in most cases by pH = log 1/2[1/(H+)], where (H+) is the hydrogen ion concentration in gram equivalents per liter of solution. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)DNA Mutational Analysis: Biochemical identification of mutational changes in a nucleotide sequence.Pigmentation: Coloration or discoloration of a part by a pigment.Tool Use Behavior: Modifying, carrying, or manipulating an item external to itself by an animal, before using it to effect a change on the environment or itself (from Beck, Animal Tool Behavior, 1980).Behavior, Animal: The observable response an animal makes to any situation.Songbirds: PASSERIFORMES of the suborder, Oscines, in which the flexor tendons of the toes are separate, and the lower syrinx has 4 to 9 pairs of tensor muscles inserted at both ends of the tracheal half rings. They include many commonly recognized birds such as CROWS; FINCHES; robins; SPARROWS; and SWALLOWS.Disease Models, Animal: Naturally occurring or experimentally induced animal diseases with pathological processes sufficiently similar to those of human diseases. They are used as study models for human diseases.Poliovirus Vaccines: Vaccines used to prevent POLIOMYELITIS. They include inactivated (POLIOVIRUS VACCINE, INACTIVATED) and oral vaccines (POLIOVIRUS VACCINE, ORAL).Raccoon Dogs: The lone species in the genus Nyctereutes, family CANIDAE. It is found in the woodland zone from southeastern Siberia to Vietnam and on the main islands of Japan.Aspartic Acid: One of the non-essential amino acids commonly occurring in the L-form. It is found in animals and plants, especially in sugar cane and sugar beets. It may be a neurotransmitter.Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins: Proteins obtained from the species SACCHAROMYCES CEREVISIAE. The function of specific proteins from this organism are the subject of intense scientific interest and have been used to derive basic understanding of the functioning similar proteins in higher eukaryotes.Environment: The external elements and conditions which surround, influence, and affect the life and development of an organism or population.Ascomycota: A phylum of fungi which have cross-walls or septa in the mycelium. The perfect state is characterized by the formation of a saclike cell (ascus) containing ascospores. Most pathogenic fungi with a known perfect state belong to this phylum.Phylogeography: A field of study concerned with the principles and processes governing the geographic distributions of genealogical lineages, especially those within and among closely related species. (Avise, J.C., Phylogeography: The History and Formation of Species. Harvard University Press, 2000)Swine Diseases: Diseases of domestic swine and of the wild boar of the genus Sus.Ecology: The branch of science concerned with the interrelationship of organisms and their ENVIRONMENT, especially as manifested by natural cycles and rhythms, community development and structure, interactions between different kinds of organisms, geographic distributions, and population alterations. (Webster's, 3d ed)Homozygote: An individual in which both alleles at a given locus are identical.Arachis hypogaea: A plant species of the family FABACEAE that yields edible seeds, the familiar peanuts, which contain protein, oil and lectins.Mice, Mutant Strains: Mice bearing mutant genes which are phenotypically expressed in the animals.Paralysis: A general term most often used to describe severe or complete loss of muscle strength due to motor system disease from the level of the cerebral cortex to the muscle fiber. This term may also occasionally refer to a loss of sensory function. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p45)Pollination: The transfer of POLLEN grains (male gametes) to the plant ovule (female gamete).Ursidae: The family of carnivorous or omnivorous bears, having massive bodies, coarse heavy fur, relatively short limbs, and almost rudimentary tails.Haplotypes: The genetic constitution of individuals with respect to one member of a pair of allelic genes, or sets of genes that are closely linked and tend to be inherited together such as those of the MAJOR HISTOCOMPATIBILITY COMPLEX.Gene Expression Profiling: The determination of the pattern of genes expressed at the level of GENETIC TRANSCRIPTION, under specific circumstances or in a specific cell.Lysine: An essential amino acid. It is often added to animal feed.Cercopithecus aethiops: A species of CERCOPITHECUS containing three subspecies: C. tantalus, C. pygerythrus, and C. sabeus. They are found in the forests and savannah of Africa. The African green monkey (C. pygerythrus) is the natural host of SIMIAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS and is used in AIDS research.Protein Transport: The process of moving proteins from one cellular compartment (including extracellular) to another by various sorting and transport mechanisms such as gated transport, protein translocation, and vesicular transport.

Comparison of Ehrlichia muris strains isolated from wild mice and ticks and serologic survey of humans and animals with E. muris as antigen. (1/1525)

In metropolitan Tokyo, the Ehrlichia muris seropositivity rate of 24 wild mice was 63% in Hinohara Village, but in the surrounding areas, it was 0 to 5%. This finding suggests that the reservoir of E. muris is focal. Among the 15 seropositive mice, ehrlichiae were isolated from 9 Apodemus speciosus mice and 1 A. argenteus mouse, respectively. Five ehrlichial isolates were obtained from 10 ticks (Haemaphysalis flava) collected in Asuke Town, Aichi Prefecture, where the E. muris type strain had been isolated. These new isolates were compared with the E. muris type strain. The mouse virulence and ultrastructure of the new isolates were similar to those of the type strain, and all of them were cross-reactive with each other, as well as with the type strain, by indirect immunofluorescent-antibody test. The levels of similarity of the base sequences of the 16S rRNA gene of one of the A. speciosus isolates and one of the tick isolates to that of the E. muris type strain were 99.79 and 99.93%, respectively. We suggest that all of these isolates are E. muris; that E. muris is not limited to Eothenomys kageus but infects other species of mice; and that E. muris is present at locations other than Aichi Prefecture. It appears that H. flava is a potential vector of E. muris. Twenty (1%) of 1803 humans from metropolitan Tokyo were found to be seropositive for E. muris antibodies. A serological survey revealed that exposure to E. muris or organisms antigenically cross-reactive to E. muris occurred among dogs, wild mice, monkeys, bears, deer, and wild boars in Gifu Prefecture, nearby prefectures, and Nagoya City, central Japan. However, human beings and Rattus norvegicus rats in this area were seronegative. These results indicate broader geographic distribution of and human and animal species exposure to E. muris or related Ehrlichia spp. in Japan.  (+info)

Use of protein AG in an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for screening for antibodies against parapoxvirus in wild animals in Japan. (2/1525)

Using protein AG in an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), we tried to detect antibodies against parapoxvirus in 9 species of wild animals in Japan: the Japanese badger (Meles meles anakuma), Japanese black bear (Ursus thibetanus japonicus), Japanese deer (Cervus nippon centralis), Japanese monkey (Macaca fuscata), Japanese raccoon dog (Nyctereutes procyonoides viverrinus), Japanese serow (Capricornis crispus), Japanese wild boar (Sus scrofa leucomystax), masked palm civet (Paguma larvata), and nutria (Myocastor coypus). A total of 272 serum samples were collected over the period from 1984 to 1995 and were tested by the protein AG-ELISA, the agar gel immunodiffusion test, and an indirect immunofluorescence assay. The protein AG-ELISA was effective in a serological survey for parapoxvirus in wild animals, and antibodies were detected only in Japanese serows. A total of 24 of 66 (36.4%) Japanese serows reacted positively, and they were found in almost all prefectures in all years tested. These results suggest that epizootic cycles of parapoxvirus exist widely in Japanese serows and that they could be reservoirs for the virus in the field in Japan. Moreover, it is probable that they might carry the virus to domestic animals such as cattle, sheep, and goats.  (+info)

Epidemiological study of paratuberculosis in wild rabbits in Scotland. (3/1525)

A survey of 22 farms confirmed the presence of paratuberculosis in wild rabbits in Scotland. Regional differences were apparent in the prevalence of the disease in rabbits, with a significantly higher incidence occurring in the Tayside region. Statistical analysis showed a significant relationship between a previous history or current problem of paratuberculosis in cattle and the presence of paratuberculosis in rabbits on the farms. Molecular genetic typing techniques could not discriminate between selected rabbit and cattle isolates from the same or different farms, suggesting that the same strain may infect and cause disease in both species and that interspecies transmission may occur. The possibility of interspecies transmission and the involvement of wildlife in the epidemiology of paratuberculosis have important implications for the control of the disease.  (+info)

Human rabies postexposure prophylaxis during a raccoon rabies epizootic in New York, 1993 and 1994. (4/1525)

We describe the epidemiology of human rabies postexposure prophylaxis (PEP) in four upstate New York counties during the 1st and 2nd year of a raccoon rabies epizootic. We obtained data from records of 1,173 persons whose rabies PEP was reported to local health departments in 1993 and 1994. Mean annual PEP incidence rates were highest in rural counties, in summer, and in patients 10 to 14 and 35 to 44 years of age. PEP given after bites was primarily associated with unvaccinated dogs and cats, but most (70%) was not attributable to bites. Although pet vaccination and stray animal control, which target direct exposure, remain the cornerstones of human rabies prevention, the risk for rabies by the nonbite route (e. g., raccoon saliva on pet dogs' and cats' fur) should also be considered.  (+info)

Survey of Bartonella species infecting intradomicillary animals in the Huayllacallan Valley, Ancash, Peru, a region endemic for human bartonellosis. (5/1525)

The natural cycle of Bartonella bacilliformis remains uncertain, and the suspected existence of animal reservoirs for the bacterium has never been convincingly demonstrated. We conducted a survey of Bartonella species infecting intradomicillary animals in a bartonellosis-endemic region of Peru, obtaining blood from 50 animals living in the homes of 11 families whose children had recently had bartonellosis. Bartonella-like bacteria were recovered from four of nine small rodents included in the study, but from none of the 41 domesticated animals. Identification and comparison of these isolates, and two Bartonella-like isolates obtained from Phyllotis mice in a different endemic region of Peru using serologic and genotypic methods indicated that although none were strains of B. bacilliformis, five were probably representatives of three previously unrecognized Bartonella species and one was a likely strain of the pathogenic species B. elizabethae.  (+info)

Characterization of potential endocrine-related health effects at low-dose levels of exposure to PCBs. (6/1525)

This article addresses issues related to the characterization of endocrine-related health effects resulting from low-level exposures to polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs). It is not intended to be a comprehensive review of the literature but reflects workshop discussions. "The Characterizing the Effects of Endocrine Disruptors on Human Health at Environmental Exposure Levels," workshop provided a forum to discuss the methods and data needed to improve risk assessments of endocrine disruptors. This article contains an overview of endocrine-related (estrogen and thyroid system) interactions and other low-dose effects of PCBs. The data set on endocrine effects includes results obtained from mechanistic methods/ and models (receptor based, metabolism based, and transport protein based), as well as from (italic)in vivo(/italic) models, including studies with experimental animals and wildlife species. Other low-dose effects induced by PCBs, such as neurodevelopmental and reproductive effects and endocrine-sensitive tumors, have been evaluated with respect to a possible causative linkage with PCB-induced alterations in endocrine systems. In addition, studies of low-dose exposure and effects in human populations are presented and critically evaluated. A list of conclusions and recommendations is included.  (+info)

Genetic structure of natural populations of Escherichia coli in wild hosts on different continents. (7/1525)

Current knowledge of genotypic and phenotypic diversity in the species Escherichia coli is based almost entirely on strains recovered from humans or zoo animals. In this study, we analyzed a collection of 202 strains obtained from 81 mammalian species representing 39 families and 14 orders in Australia and the Americas, as well as several reference strains; we also included a strain from a reptile and 10 from different families of birds collected in Mexico. The strains were characterized genotypically by multilocus enzyme electrophoresis (MLEE) and phenotypically by patterns of sugar utilization, antibiotic resistance, and plasmid profile. MLEE analysis yielded an estimated genetic diversity (H) of 0.682 for 11 loci. The observed genetic diversity in this sample is the greatest yet reported for E. coli. However, this genetic diversity is not randomly distributed; geographic effects and host taxonomic group accounted for most of the genetic differentiation. The genetic relationship among the strains showed that they are more associated by origin and host order than is expected by chance. In a dendrogram, the ancestral cluster includes primarily strains from Australia and ECOR strains from groups B and C. The most differentiated E. coli in our analysis are strains from Mexican carnivores and strains from humans, including those in the ECOR group A. The kinds and numbers of sugars utilized by the strains varied by host taxonomic group and country of origin. Strains isolated from bats were found to exploit the greatest range of sugars, while those from primates utilized the fewest. Toxins are more frequent in strains from rodents from both continents than in any other taxonomic group. Strains from Mexican wild mammals were, on average, as resistant to antibiotics as strains from humans in cities. On average, the Australian strains presented a lower antibiotic resistance than the Mexican strains. However, strains recovered from hosts in cities carried significantly more plasmids than did strains isolated from wild mammals. Previous studies have shown that natural populations of E. coli harbor an extensive genetic diversity that is organized in a limited number of clones. However, knowledge of this worldwide bacterium has been limited. Here, we suggest that the strains from a wide range of wild hosts from different regions of the world are organized in an ecotypic structure where adaptation to the host plays an important role in the population structure.  (+info)

Interspecies transmission of feline immunodeficiency virus from the domestic cat to the Tsushima cat (Felis bengalensis euptilura) in the wild. (8/1525)

Feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) was isolated from a wild-caught Tsushima cat (Felis bengalensis euptilura), an endangered Japanese nondomestic subspecies of leopard cat (F. bengalensis). Phylogenetic analysis of the env gene sequences indicated that the FIV from the Tsushima cat belonged to a cluster of subtype D FIVs from domestic cats. FIVs from both the Tsushima cat and the domestic cat showed similar levels of replication and cytopathicity in lymphoid cell lines derived from these two species. The results indicated the occurrence of interspecies transmission of FIV from the domestic cat to the Tsushima cat in the wild.  (+info)

*Parasitic flies of domestic animals

Hosts are most livestock species, horses and poultry and many wild animals. Humans also may be severely distressed by ... When released these flies mate with the wild flies and the matings produce no offspring. The reproductive rate of the wild ... Male adults support their mating activity with repeated meals of blood from cattle and similar wild bovid hosts, also wild pigs ... Oestrid flies at their larval stage tend to be adapted to feed on a few closely related species of host animal and the adult ...

*Global spread of H5N1 in 2006

... in cooperation with the Convention on Migratory Species of Wild Animals (CMS) and its Agreement on the Conservation of African- ... The European Commission freezes transfers of animals and animal products from the north of the island through the green line to ... in wild bird populations - even endemic in wild bird populations - for decades perhaps, or even sporadically in those ... A wild swan found in the Sava River, near the Croatian capital of Zagreb, is confirmed to have H5N1. April 11, 2006 "The ...

*Bird trapping

Pages 377-410 in "Restraint and Handling of wild and Domesticated Animals." blackwell Publishing. The international impact of ... "Restraint and Handling of Wild and Domesticated Animals." Pages 377-410. Blackwell Publishing. * Fowler, M. E. 2011. Birds. ... Pages 377-410 in "Restraint and Handling of Wild and Domesticated Animals." Blackwell Publishing. Peter Popham (January 13, ... Wild birds may also be trapped for their display in captivity in zoological gardens or for keeping as a pet. Bird trapping was ...

*Seton's Wild Animals

... (シートン動物記, Shīton Dōbutsuki) is a manga series by Sanpei Shirato published in two parts: three volumes ... Seton's Wild Animals Part 1: Fenibonku no Yamaneko (フェニボンクの山ネコ) (in 6th Grade Student (小学六年生, Shōgaku Rokunensei), June - ... Seton's Wild Animals Part 2: Uosuka to Akagashira no Ko Ōkami (ウォスカと赤頭の子おおかみ) (in 6th Grade Student, September - December 1961 ... Shogakukan) Seton's Wild Animals Part 3: Supuringuhīrudo no Kitsune (スプリングヒールドのきつね) (in 6th Grade Student, January -

*Wild Animal

... is the debut solo studio album by Canadian singer Vanity. It was released by Motown Records on November 10, 1984. ... "Wild Animal". AllMusic. Retrieved November 27, 2016. Buchalter, Gail (1984-10-15). "Her Romance with Prince Hit the Rocks, but ... In a contemporary review for The Village Voice, Robert Christgau gave Wild Animal a "C-" and compared the record to Vanity 6: " ... Despite her obvious limitations as a vocalist, Wild Animal is a respectable solo debut. But the public refused to take Vanity ...

*Wild Animal Baby

"Wild Animal Baby 1 year Subscription". National Wildlife Federation. Retrieved 19 December 2015. "Wild Animal Baby". A Magazine ... Wild Animal Baby was based in Reston, Virginia and each issue featured a particular animal on the cover, and has multiple ... Wild Animal Baby, along with Big Backyard, was discontinued in December 2012. The two magazines merged to create a new magazine ... Wild Animal Baby was a magazine for children published by the National Wildlife Federation. The magazine was targeted to ...

*Wild animal suffering

Wild-Animal Suffering Research Quotations related to Wild animal suffering at Wikiquote Ethical Interventions in the Wild: An ... Are Wild Animals Happier? Christie Wilcox argues that wild animals do not appear to be happier than domestic animals, based on ... Faria, Catia (2016). Animal Ethics Goes Wild: The Problem of Wild Animal Suffering and Intervention in Nature (Ph.D.). ... others have argued that the prevalence of r-selected animals in the wild indicates that the average life of a wild animal is ...

*Wild Animal Park

... may refer to: San Diego Zoo Safari Park, formerly known as the San Diego Wild Animal Park, near Escondido, ... California Whipsnade Wild Animal Park, in Bedfordshire, England South Lakes Safari Zoo (Formerly South Lakes Wild Animal Park ...

*Wild Animals (Juliana Hatfield album)

Wild Animals is the 13th solo studio album by Juliana Hatfield. The album is mostly acoustic and was released on September 10, ... "Wild Animals (2013)". Live On Tomorrow. Retrieved 5 October 2013. "Juliana Hatfield on The Morning Mix". 91.3 WYEP. Retrieved 5 ... monetary contribution of Hatfield's fans through PledgeMusic with a portion of the funds raised going to the Northeast Animal ...

*Wild Animals I Have Known

... which he felt featured fabricated events and wild animal behaviors; he even amended the title of the collection to Wild Animals ... Wild Animals I Have Known is an 1898 book by naturalist and author Ernest Thompson Seton. The first entry in a new genre of ... Wild Animals I Have Known at Google Books. ... realistic wild-animal fiction, Seton's first collection of ... It became a classic, setting the tone for his future works that would similarly depict animals-especially predators who were ...

*Reserved wild animals of Thailand

Thailand has fifteen designated reserved wild animal species, which are defined by the Wild Animal Reservation and Protection ... "Wild Animal Reservation and Protection Act, BE 2535" (PDF). Royal Thai Government Gazette (in Thai (Unofficial translation by ... In June 2016, the cabinet approved a preliminary proposal to add four marine species to the reserved animals list. They are: ... Wild Asian water buffalo (Bubalus bubalis (B. arnee)) Eld's deer (Cervus eldii) Schomburgk's deer (Cervus schomburgki) Mainland ...

*Dangerous Wild Animals Act 1976

The Dangerous Wild Animals Act 1976 (22 July) is a law of the United Kingdom that was originally enacted to deal with the ... Its purpose was to ensure that when private individuals kept dangerous wild animals they do so in circumstances which do not ... Keeping such animals without a licence is unlawful and the state is also allowed to specify where and how the animal is to be ... Text of the Dangerous Wild Animals Act 1976 as in force today (including any amendments) within the United Kingdom, from ...

*Benson's Wild Animal Farm

... reopened in May 2010 as a town park for recreational use. There is no admission fee. Work is being ... Benson's Wild Animal Farm was a private zoo and amusement park in Hudson, New Hampshire, United States. It opened to the public ... After opening to the public in 1926, Benson's was expanded in 1932-33 with the addition of a permanent Wild Animal Circus. A ... Remembering Benson's Wild Animal Farm. Nashua, Midway Publications. 1998. ISBN 1-880545-05-5. Jasper, Laurie. Images of America ...

*The Wild Animal Sanctuary

... Retrieved January 20, 2015. "The Wild Animal Sanctuary". wildanimalsanctuary.org. The Wild Animal ... The Wild Animal Sanctuary believes that education about these animals is critical to informing the public and helping to ... The Wild Animal Sanctuary is a 720-acre (290 ha) animal sanctuary located near Keenesburg, Colorado, United States. The ... The Wild Animal Sanctuary. Retrieved January 20, 2015. Greene, Brett (2009). "Experience the Beauty of Exotic Animals in Their ...

*Yancheng Wild Animal World

Jiangsu Yancheng Wild Animal World is known as a free-roaming zoo. It is a fairly large theme park, consisting of animals, ... Yancheng Wild Zoo has the only drive tour scenic spot in Jiangsu province. It contains various species of wild animals, such as ... On display are rare and endangered wild animals from across the world. Currently, Yancheng Wild Zoo is the only large scale ... Yancheng Wild Animal World is located in the Yangtze River golden triangle area of the Changzhou Wujin city center in Jiangsu. ...

*Wild Animal Park station

... (Chinese: 野生动物园站) is a station on Line 16 of the Shanghai Metro. The station is near the Shanghai Wild ... Animal Park. Coordinates: 31°02′56″N 121°42′32″E / 31.049°N 121.709°E / 31.049; 121.709. ...

*Howletts Wild Animal Park

The charity that runs Howletts and Port Lympne Wild Animal Park, the John Aspinall Foundation, also runs animal conservation ... Howletts Wild Animal Park (formerly known as Howletts Zoo) was set up as a private zoo in 1957 by John Aspinall near Canterbury ... Port Lympne Wild Animal Park Sehlinger, Bob (2011). The Unofficial Guide to Britain's Best Days Out, Theme Parks and ... The animal collection was opened to the public in 1975. To give more room for the animals another estate at Port Lympne near ...

*Borth Wild Animal Kingdom

Wild cat ban at Borth Wild Animal Kingdom", BBC News, 28 Nov 2017, retrieved 29 Nov 2017 Official website. ... Borth Wild Animal Kingdom, formerly known as Borth Animalarium, is a zoo, located in the seaside Welsh town of Borth, 7 miles ... "Borth Wild Animal Kingdom 'outraged' over lynx killing", BBC News, 11 Nov 2017, retrieved 14 Nov 2017 Lawrence, Hannah (11 Nov ... "Second lynx at Borth Wild Animal Kingdom dies", BBC News, 13 Nov 2017, retrieved 14 Nov 2017 de Bruxelles, Simon (14 Nov 2017 ...

*Wild Animals (Trampled by Turtles album)

Wild Animals is the seventh studio album by Minnesota-based bluegrass group Trampled by Turtles, released on July 15, 2014. The ...

*Wild Animal Control Act 1977

The Wild Animal Control Act 1977 is a current Act of Parliament in New Zealand. It is administered by the Department of ... Part 3 of the Act establishes recreational hunting areas (RHAs). If the wild animal species are not kept in check, commercial ... "Wild Animal Control Act 1977". New Zealand Government. Retrieved 17 February 2013. "Recreational Hunting Areas (RHA): Hunting ...

*Port Lympne Wild Animal Park

Three cows have been moved from Howletts Wild Animal Park, followed soon after by a bull named Kruger from Knowsley Safari Park ... The BBC children's television series Roar was filmed at both Port Lympne and Howletts Wild Animal Park, and was broadcast on ... The estate near Lympne was purchased in 1973 by John Aspinall to solve lack of space at Howletts Wild Animal Park, and it was ... Since 1984 the animal park has been owned by a charity (The John Aspinall Foundation). The collection is known for being ...

*Wild Animals in Captivity Protection Act 1900

The Wild Animals in Captivity Protection Act 1900 (63 & 64 Vict. c.33), long title An Act for the prevention of cruelty to wild ... The Act was repealed by the Protection of Animals Act 1911 and the Protection of Animals Act 1912. Wild Birds Protection Act ... The Act covered any animals not encompassed by the Cruelty to Animals Act 1849 and the Cruelty to Animals Act 1854, and made it ... as was any act permitted by the Cruelty to Animals Act 1876, or the hunting of any animal provided that it had not been ...

*List of extinct in the wild animals

The IUCN also lists five animal subspecies as extinct in the wild. This is a complete list of extinct in the wild animal ... lists 33 extinct in the wild animal species. Approximately 0.05% of all evaluated animal species are listed as extinct in the ... List of extinct in the wild plants "IUCN Red List version 2016.1". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. International Union ... There are 17 chordate species assessed as extinct in the wild. Wyoming toad (Anaxyrus baxteri) Kihansi spray toad ( ...

*Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals

The Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals -- more commonly abbreviated to just the Convention on ... to Appendices I and II to the Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals (Bonn, 23 June 1979) - ATS 10 ... "CONVINCED that conservation and effective management of migratory species of wild animals require the concerted action of all ... Animal migration Highly migratory species Memorandum of Understanding on the Conservation of Migratory Birds of Prey in Africa ...

*Convention for the Preservation of Wild Animals, Birds and Fish in Africa

The animals in Schedule 2 were to be protected from all hunting and destruction while the animals were young. Female animals in ... The Convention for the Preservation of Wild Animals, Birds and Fish in Africa (also known as the London Convention of 1900) is ... The animals in Schedule 1 were to be protected from all hunting and destruction; this was done either because of the animals' ... The animals in Schedule 4 were to be protected from hunting and destruction "except in limited numbers": all animals listed in ...

*Daringbadi

Ghat roads with wild animals and many more. [1] 1. Hill View Park- For tourists there is a hill view point from where the whole ... Daringbadi is set in a beautiful spot surrounded by thick rain forests with wild animals, and is a popular summer resort. ... Surrounded by thick rain forests, wild animals, Daringbadi at 915-metre altitude above sea level has wonderful valleys and pine ... How to reach: If you will go by NH 59 from Berhampur than you may see wild Elephants on the road, from a village named ...

*Wild About Animals

... is a 30-minute American television series about animals in various habitats around the world. The syndicated ...
The Wildlife Data Integration Network (WDIN), is a dynamic and evolving Web resource ever working to adapt to the changing landscape of wildlife disease. Its many products and services provide a gateway to a comprehensive collection of wildlife disease resources, as well as a means for staying abreast of current wildlife disease issues ...
The Wildlife Data Integration Network (WDIN), is a dynamic and evolving Web resource ever working to adapt to the changing landscape of wildlife disease. Its many products and services provide a gateway to a comprehensive collection of wildlife disease resources, as well as a means for staying abreast of current wildlife disease issues ...
NBII Wildlife Disease Information Node 2002 [Indexes and Abstracts]. WDIN is a collaborative project working to develop a Web-based monitoring and reporting system to provide state and federal resource managers, animal disease specialists, veterinary diagnostic laboratories, physicians, public health workers, educators, and the general public with access to data on wildlife diseases, mortality events, and other critical related information. Data are contributed voluntarily, with partners deciding which data they choose to share. The resulting distributed wildlife disease data warehouse can be a valuable resource for all to share and use to enhance the understanding, surveillance, management, control, and prevention of wildlife diseases around the world.. ...
Wild Animal è un EP del gruppo musicale heavy metal tedesco Running Wild, pubblicato nel 1990 dalletichetta musicale Noise Records e distribuito dalla EMI. Il disco uscì sia in vinile, con tiratura di 8000 copie, che in CD in versione picture disc con limmagine della copertina. Lalbum contiene una nuova registrazione della canzone Chains and Leather originariamente apparsa su Branded and Exiled del 1985. Le tracce che compongono lEP sono presenti come bonus tracks sulle ristampe in CD di Death or Glory uscite nel 1999 e nel 2007. Wild Animal - 4:14 (R. Kasparek) Chains and Leather - 5:46 (R. Kasparek) Tear Down the Walls - 4:17 (M. Moti) Störtebeker - 4:06 (testo: M. Moti - musica: R. Kasparek) Rolf Kasparek - voce, chitarra Majk Moti - chitarra Jens Becker - basso Iain Finlay - batteria ^ a b c d e (EN) RUNNING WILD "Wild Animal" (1990), su Darkside Russian Webzine. ^ a b c (EN) Wild Animal (EP), kindle.worldlibrary.net. ^ (DE) Running Wild: Wild Animal (1989), su musik-sammler.de. ^ ...
The scientific program of the 65th annual international Wildlife Disease Association conference begins on Monday, August 1, 2016 and goes through Friday, August 5, 2016. The schedule shown below is subject to change prior to the start of the conference. Please return to this page for the latest program schedule ...
... A number of studies on the nutritional value of wild animal meat indicate that bushmeat is comparable if not better than domestic meat. The general trend is that the meat of most wild animal species tends to be low in fat, while equal or better than beef, mutton, chicken or pork in protein content and much higher in vitamin content (Tables 2.7 and 2.8). Apart from the large game species, nutritional studies on wild animals have been carried out for non-conventional species such as rodents, insects and snails. Nutritional studies of rodents used as food in the Zambezian woodland gave average protein content of 24% (fresh weight); fat content of 2.816.8% and ash consent of % for twelve species (Malaise and Parent 1982, see Table 2.7). Based on these results, the authors concluded that the nutritive value of rodents places them on the same level as beef and chicken.. Several species of insects used for food in Africa have high protein and calorific ...
Together with partners, the CBC conducts interdisciplinary research in Vietnam to address knowledge gaps on wildlife trade in Southeast Asia.
Wildlife trade is any sale or exchange of wild animal and plant resources by people. This can involve live animals and plants or a diverse range of products needed or prized by humans-including skins, medicinal ingredients, tourist curios, timber, fish and other food products.
The American Association of Wildlife Veterinarians was formed in 1979 by a small group of veterinarians with a common interest in free-ranging wildlife. Initially, most members worked for government wildlife management agencies. But, with the rise of conservation biology and a better societal appreciation for what veterinarians can bring to wildlife health and conservation, current AAWV members work at academic institutions, in domestic animal private practice, at zoos and aquaria, and with state/provincial and federal agencies. Members engage in wildlife health research, clinical medicine, teaching, disease surveillance, regulatory work, and administration. https://aawv.net/. ...
Wildlife Health Australia (Formerly Australian Wildlife Health Network) aims to develop strong partnerships in order to better manage the adverse effects of wildlife diseases on Australias animal health industries, human health, biodiversity, trade and tourism.
Skunk is among the wild animal known to carry not only parasites in the feces and urine but also lots of dangerous diseases that can easily be transmitted to human. One of such diseases which one can easily get from touching or breathing skunk feces is listerosis disease. This is a disease of nervous system of mammals and can be severe if not controlled immediately. Pregnant women can easily have miscarriage when affected by this bacterial disease from wild animal feces. So, you must stay away from wild animal feces if you want to remain healthy and enjoy your life ...
Howletts Wild Animal Park+44 (0)844 842 4647workGroup VisitsHowletts Wild Animal Park, near Canterbury, offers an exciting and educational day out for groups and families of all ages. In 2015, the successful wild animal park will be celebrating its 40th birthday with a host of events and activities taking place to mark this special occasion so join in the fun with us ...
Taming Wild Animals è un cortometraggio muto del 1910 diretto da Francis Boggs. Il film fu prodotto dalla Selig Polyscope Company. Venne girato in Florida, a Jacksonville. Venne distribuito dalla General Film Company. ^ Imdb Locations Filmografia della Selig Polyscope (EN) Taming Wild Animals, su Internet Movie Database, IMDb.com. (EN) Taming Wild Animals (1910) - Silent Era, silentera.com ...
wild animal repo on discovery - TheFutonCritic.com has wild animal repo news, listings, dvds, episode guides and more for wild animal repo
Diseases of wildlife or diseases present in their habitats can infect humans and some can cause serious illness or even death. Contact a professional wildlife control company to handle your wild animal.
Diseases of wildlife or diseases present in their habitats can infect humans and some can cause serious illness or even death. Contact a professional wildlife control company to handle your wild animal.
Diseases of wildlife or diseases present in their habitats can infect humans and some can cause serious illness or even death. Contact a professional wildlife control company to handle your wild animal.
Publication Disease in Wild Animals. Wildlife diseases have become increasingly important recently due to their effect upon human health, veterinary medicine, wildlife, and conservation biology. Gary Wobesers successful book from 1994 has been compl...
by Paul A. Rees March 2015 Studying Captive Animals outlines the methods that may be used to study the behaviour, welfare and ecology of animals living
A number of philosophical issues present themselves when it comes to interventions targeting diseases impacting free-ranging wildlife. One consideration relates to whether a given pathogen is a natural part of an ecosystem, versus a pathogen introduced by humans and their domestic animals or farmed wildlife. While there seems to be much conservation interest in intervening when it comes to Ebola and great apes, for example, its worth noting that Ebolavirus evolved in Central Africa, and is indeed considered a natural part of the Congo Basin forest ecosystem. Of course human-related activities can trigger all sorts of socio-ecological changes that can alter the impact of a pathogen on a species of conservation concern, or on humanity itself. There is unfortunately no clear "formula" for deciding when intervention is likely to be worthwhile from a conservation point of view- there are obviously many factors to consider. And when vaccination is deemed a logical or even essential conservation ...
The great demand for African bushmeat, both within Africa and in international markets, is emptying forests of wildlife and catalyzing outbreaks of wild animal diseases in humans. At a minimum, governments should zealously enforce bans on the hunting and consumption of bats and apes, two groups most commonly associated with Ebola. The fear and social unrest generated by the recent Ebola outbreak may spur governments to take such bans seriously with the vigilant support of a concerned populace. Yet reducing the trade in bushmeat will likely remain challenging due to the high demand and profits associated with it and the fact that it is widespread and pervasive throughout Africa. One collective action, however, can immediately reduce the chance of future outbreaks and spread of Ebola and other wildlife-based diseases. The world needs to act together to stop the illegal trade in live wildlife. We can start today by enforcing existing laws and regulations at airports and transport hubs across ...
Read Ghjgjgjs review of the South Lakes Wild Animal Park, Dalton-in-Furness, of 2 South Lakes Wild Animal Park, Dalton-in-Furness reviews, & compare with other Wildlife, Safari Parks & Zoos at Review Centre
The latest tips and news on Wild Animals are on POPSUGAR Pets. On POPSUGAR Pets you will find everything you need on pets and Wild Animals.
The latest tips and news on Wild Animals are on POPSUGAR Pets. On POPSUGAR Pets you will find everything you need on pets and Wild Animals.
Read all about the worlds wild animals on VilingStore. Discover cool photos, wildlife videos, interesting facts, information about rare and extinct wild animals on the planet.
Looking for a hotel near Howletts Wild Animal Park, Canterbury? Choose from over 156 near Howletts Wild Animal Park with great savings.
At the beginning of the twentieth century, the wild animal story emerged in Canadian literature as a distinct genre, in which animals pursue their own interests ival for themselves, their offspring, and perhaps a mate, or the pure pleasure of their wildness. Bringing together some of the most celebrated wild animal stories, Ralph H. Lutts places them firmly in the context of heated controversies about animal intelligence and purposeful behavior. Widely regarded as entertaining and educational, the early stories㴢 Charles G. D. Roberts, Ernest Thompson Seton, John Muir, Jack London and others an avid readership among adults and children. But some naturalists and at least one hunter dore Roosevelt redited these writers as "nature fakers," accusing them of falsely portraying animal behavior. The stories and commentaries collected here span the twentieth century. As present day animal behaviorists, psychologists, and the public attempt to sort out the meaning of what animals do and our obligations ...
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Recent outbreaks of disease in domestic animals, humans and wildlife illustrate the relative importance of infectious diseases and the vulnerability of susceptible animals.
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A friend of mine, who has a 2-week-old, thanked me for being honest about how much the first few weeks can suck. Crying, your not knowing what the baby wants, cluster-feeding, pulling off if the flow is too fast or too slow, etc. He said most people candy-coat the first few weeks/months, and he thinks its because people dont want to admit that their child was like a wild animal.. I would much rather say to someone that I hated the early weeks because you have zero control and the baby is a constant vacuum of need, but gives you virtually no positive feedback. Seriously, when the fact that the kid poops and pees regularly is the best feedback youre getting, its not the most blissful phase. But Id rather be honest about that and then talk about how it does get better. Because it does. But also so your friend doesnt abandon all hope.. I never thought of either of my newborns as wild animals, but thats probably because I was thinking of them more as alien cyborgs with neverending appetites. ...
The feeding of monkeys (and other wild animals) is banned under the Wild Animals Protection Ordinance at the following places:. ...
This petition is asking to ban ALL wild animals from circuses in LA, But EVERYONE can sign no matter where you live if we can get this passed in LA it will help it pass easier in every other state so PLEASE SIGN & SHARE to ban wild animals from circuses
Read reviews, compare customer ratings, see screenshots, and learn more about Photo Spots Wild Animals. Download Photo Spots Wild Animals and enjoy it on your iPhone, iPad, and iPod touch.
Severe infectious diseases of wildlife are on the increase mainly due to the globalization of trade leading to increased mobility of pathogens, including...
Infectious Disease. The risks and risk of treatment. Understanding Wildlife Disease. Wildlife Disease Infectious Zoonotic Viral Bacterial Fungal Parasitic. Essential factors for disease transmission. Must be a causative agent Bacteria / Fungus Virus Parasite Must be a reservoir Slideshow 513417 by xaria
Join One Health Club for the first Dinner Seminar of the year as we host Dr. Dan Salkeld, who will be speaking about the interactions between biodiversity and emerging infectious diseases using case studies including prairie dogs and plague and Lyme Disease and squirrels in California. Thursday, September 12th, 2014 Dinner at 5:30, Lecture at 6:00…
Eureka College alum Dr. Travis Wilcoxen will present at annual William Thomas Jackson Lecture in Science on March 31 at 7:30 p.m. in Becker Auditorium.
October 23, 2017 By Rattler Rider 2 Comments. So the TV, the lap top, the PC, video games... As in everything the enemy does they first notify you … [Read More...] ...
2014) Key concepts for wildlife disease risk analysis. In: Jakob-Hoff, R.M., MacDiarmid, S.C., Lees, C., Miller, P.S., Travis, D. and Kock, R., (eds.) Manual of Procedures for Wildlife Disease Risk Analysis. OIE and IUCN, pp. 17-20. ...
The Government of Canada is committed to preventing the disappearance of wildlife species at risk from our lands. As part of its strategy for realizing that commitment, on June 5, 2003, the Government of Canada proclaimed the Species at Risk Act (SARA). Attached to the Act is Schedule 1, the list of the species provided for under SARA, also called the List of Wildlife Species at Risk. Endangered or Threatened species on Schedule 1 benefit from the protection of prohibitions and recovery planning under SARA. Special Concern species benefit from its management planning. Schedule 1 has grown from the original 233 to 493 wildlife species at risk.
Location: 136 Hitchner Hall. Professional Interests: Infectious diseases of livestock, poultry and wildlife. Research: Anne Lichtenwalner DVM PhD is an Associate Professor of Cooperative Extension and the School of Food and Agriculture, and cooperating faculty in the Honors College as well as the School of Biology and Ecology at the University of Maine at Orono. Since 2008, Dr. Lichtenwalner has been the director and diagnostician for the University of Maine Animal Health Lab (UMAHL), a member lab of the Northeast Wildlife Disease Cooperative. She is involved in research about, and service to, Maine animal industries. She conducts translational research in the fields of infectious diseases and parasitology, involving students in these efforts. Due to the diverse nature of agriculture in Maine, and due to the close proximity of farms and wild lands, she studies both domestic and wildlife species. Current and past funded research includes studies of common ovine infectious and parasitic diseases, ...
Wildlife Health Australia (Formerly Australian Wildlife Health Network) aims to develop strong partnerships in order to better manage the adverse effects of wildlife diseases on Australias animal health industries, human health, biodiversity, trade and tourism.
Wild Animal Rescue Foundation of Thailand (WARF) - Wildlife Rescue, Rehabilitation, Nature Conservation and Volunteering in Thailand.
Wild Animal Rescue Foundation of Thailand (WARF) - Wildlife Rescue, Rehabilitation, Nature Conservation and Volunteering in Thailand.
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Feeding food to wild animals may just impact their risk of disease. Scientists have found that supplemental feeding of wildlife can actually increase the spread of some infectious diseases and decrease the spread of others.
Follow these annual Integrated Wild Pig Control Methods to eliminate 100% sounder groups of wild pigs. Includes methods best suited for each time of year.
The forest, normally filled with the chorus of calling frogs, falls silent. Something drops from the trees. And then another. Dead frogs are falling from the canopy.
The forest, normally filled with the chorus of calling frogs, falls silent. Something drops from the trees. And then another. Dead frogs are falling from the canopy.
In the report, EIA states: The F-Gas Regulation is the most ambitious HFC legislation in the world and will quickly reduce HFC consumption throughout Europe. Those companies that get ahead of the curve by installing state-of-the-art natural refrigerant systems in all new builds and refurbishments will avoid massive price hikes in HFCs and reap significant energy efficiency benefits as well. There is a huge gap between the Paris climate goals and current pledges from the worlds governments. Eliminating HFCs in the near future is absolutely vital to get closer to the goal of limiting temperature rise to 1.5°C ...
WILDLIFE. An electronic encyclopaedia and a library of electronic books and documents providing information on the natural history, health and management of captive and free-ranging wild animals. The Wildpro® Electronic Library contains more than 200 documents ranging in size from single page factsheets or pamphlets to whole books such as ... ...
Found a baby wild animal who you think might need your help? First, make sure the animal is truly orphaned or injured. If the animal is in need of help, learn what to do and how to find a wildlife rehabilitator.
It is important to note that regulations in North Carolina forbid those unlicensed in wildlife handling from housing wild animals.
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For the first time in three years in Du Page County, a wild animal has been found to have rabies.Two animals with rabies, a bat and a skunk, were captured in residential areas of Naperville
Groves, C 2005, Domestic and Wild Animals: Naming and Identity, in Alessandro Minelli, Gherardo Ortalli, Glauco Sanga (ed.), Animal Names/ I nomi degli animali, Instituto Veneto di Scienze Lettere ed Arte, Venice, pp. 151-157. ...
Watching wild animals in Africa hunting for food, is an extremely educative experience for marketers and those who want to dramatically increase...
Wild animals have high expectations. This applies to their accommodation, their nutrition and their care. These claims in a traveling circus cannot be met especially in monkeys, elephants and bears. They spend most of their lives in narrow car cages.
... in Potchefstroom, North West Province: If you are looking for a fun activity and also want to see lots of animals then ... cont.
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As of 2015, National Geographics website and stock photo service hosts many images of wild animals, as does the website Animal Diversity Web. The images on ADW are organized chiefly by scientific...
Free flashcards to help memorize facts about Description of wild animals. Other activities to help include hangman, crossword, word scramble, games, matching, quizes, and tests.
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Wild Animals by DK Publishing available in Miscellaneous on Powells.com, also read synopsis and reviews. Fun Packs are a colorful selection of high-quality, collectible stickers. They feature a variety of...
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3. Upon issue of the respective license by the Economic Services Bureau, the applicants have to inform IACM in advance about the date and time of arrival of the imported endangered wild animal(s) for IACM to make necessary arrangements for its/their inspection upon entry. If the applicants fail to do so, it shall delay the respective inspection of the animal(s) at the entry port ...
Photographer Brad Wilson captured these stunning photographs of wild animals captured from just a few feet away by offering them snacks as he inched towards them.
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Youth as Wild Animals - The new Wrangler Jeans ad campaign “We Are Animals†is proof that still camera shots in print ads can be more powe...
And honestly, while I absolutely would love to see re-introduction programs succeed, they have very low success rates, and in many cases will be scary and traumatizing to the animals involved. Re-introduction of birds and reptiles have higher success rates than mammals, and highly social mammals such as primates have some of the greatest obstacles and lowest chances of success. The best candidates for re-introduction are usually wild-born sanctuary animals (who may have some memory and experience of the wild). Individuals who have spent their whole lives in captivity, particularly those that are very human-oriented, are poor candidates for reintroduction. Most re-introduced animals have short lifespans, are at risk for starvation, predation, and attack by wild members of their own species. Furthermore, particularly with primates, and especially with great apes, there is a risk of spreading human-contracted diseases to wild populations ...
The word "animal" comes from the Latin word animalis which means soul. Everyday conversational system for the word animal is intended for human or animals. Although the animals are living the draft should be stiff as they begin to grow, they can be a biological process in which there can be no physical changes to the animals body composition using the cell to confirm.. Wild animals on a regular election to be bigger, athletic and dangerous than the keeper can anticipate or manage a small number of exceptions.. Wildlife includes all wildlife, plants and other living creatures. Tried to tame the wild creatures have occurred several times around the planet, both negative and positive effects. Wild Life in its various forms occurs on the plains, rain forests, deserts and many other areas, wild animals, usually refers to the wild animals and healthy human being causes. Most of the wildlife is being protected from pillaging the environment, one that many wildlife sanctuaries.. Many people think that ...
Africa is home to some of the worlds finest wildlife viewing national parks and reserves and the diversity of habitat and wildlife makes it the perfect wildlife safari destination ...
This theme, led by Andrew Cunningham, involves the identification and investigation of wildlife diseases (both infectious and non-infectious); ranging from basic studies on pathogens through to the assessment of their likely impacts on human health and biodiversity conservation.
In formulation chemistry, compounds are mixed to get a product with the desired characteristics. Examples of formulations are adhesives, paints, inks, cosmetics, detergents, pesticides and pharmaceuticals. Depending upon what a product is needed for and how it will be used or applied, needed qualities may include adhesiveness, weather resistance, correct texture, long or short shelf life or stability, biodegradability, specificity and attractiveness. Some of these properties (or the correct level of these properties) may not be inherent in an original product and must be added by changing its formulation.. One of the most difficult problems faced by formulation chemists at NWRC is finding a way for products (vaccines, baits etc.) to be delivered orally to wildlife species. This delivery method is desired due to the fact that wildlife species are much more inaccessible than livestock or companion animals.. In some cases, compounds used by NWRC are proteins which, once ingested, are recognized as ...
The Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC) gives the good news that federal appropriations might go up this year for feral hog control despite sequesters, debt limit confrontations, austerity programs, etc.. USDA-Wildlife Services, an agency which most conservationists have a low opinion, would get more money to kill the ground churning swine rather than our native wildlife under the Obama budget. The budget has a long way to go, however, and could be changed by many amendments. In recent years, Congress has often been unable to write a budget at all resulting a government running on a continuing resolution from the past years budgets. There is hope that some Republicans will support this since the feral pigs damage a lot of "red state" agriculture and wildlife.. Here is the NRDC blog that discusses the opportunities and perils of this budgetary proposal. A New Mission for Wildlife Services? Feral Swine Is a Better Target Than Native Wildlife. May 23. Andrew Wetzlers Blog.. ...
Threatened Species (T) means any native species documented by biological research and inventory to be likely to become an endangered species within the foreseeable future throughout all or a significant portion of its range within the sate and to have no more than nine occurrences in the state, and any species determined to be a threatened species pursuant to the federal Endangered Species Act, except for such species determined to be endangered by the Commissioner in accordance with section 4 of this act ...
North Carolina State University researchers announce results of four-year study on how biomass harvesting treatments impact wildlife, noting no significant impacts were found. The study addressed six different harvesting treatments.
Fig. 4. Traffic volume of roads surrounding traffic-calmed areas compared to the size of habitat patches for which the predicted fraction of occupied patches is zero. For parameter combinations below the line (shaded area), the fraction of occupied patches is greater than zero and the population is persistent. Parameter values: α = 1, δ = 0.3, wc = 2, lc = 5, vc = 20, la = 1.4, va = 5.2, wa = 0.4 (roe deer as model species), and K = 5. Dimensions of region: L = 2, M = 4, region is 10 km².. ...
Principal Investigator:MASEGI Toshiaki, Project Period (FY):1998 - 2000, Research Category:Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (A)., Section:一般, Research Field:Applied veterinary science
Radioactive wild pigs near Fukishima continue creating problems for Japan. Lack of conservation has caused population to increase 330 percent.
It is important to remember that wildlife casualties are not used to being handled, are likely to react aggressively to human interference, and can themselves be hazardous: beaks of birds, teeth of mammals and claws of both should be treated with respect. Eyes should always be protected and the handler should remember that wild animals may move powerfully and unexpectedly. Any cuts and scratches from wild animals may act as a source of infection and should be treated immediately. (D9, D183.w8, V.w5). ...
Citation: Hoberg, E.P. 2013. Remembering Robert L. Rausch. Wildlife Disease Association Newsletter. 49(1):5-7. Interpretive Summary: Technical Abstract: This piece memorializes the life and career of Robert Rausch, a pioneer in the science of Arctic mammals and their parasites. ...
The World Wildlife Fund has identified that animal populations are down by over 50 percent from figures 40 years ago. Some species are down by 90 percent.
As more and more wildlife habitat gets converted into housing and commercial developments, more and more wildlife are getting hurt or killed by humans. Motor vehicles are especially dangerous, but lawnmowers and chainsaws also take their toll. It used to be that wildlife biologists would say people should leave wounded critters alone and let nature take its course. But a growing number are telling people to contact their local wildlife rehabilitator. From member station W-N-Y-C in New York, Amy Eddings has our report.
From high on a Windy Hill we will share stories and images from our world of wildlife rescue, foster care, rehab and eventual release! You will meet many of our unique Australian wildlife species as they pass through our home on their way back to their natural environment ...
This video is shown at the Nuneaton and Warwickshire Wildlife Sanctuary where Geoff is Dawns caretaker or handler. She loves him dearly and lets him rub her belly giving as much attention to him as he is to her. Whatever she was rescued from she is clearly happy where she is now, and is thriving thanks to the efforts of the team at this sanctuary. And because of their help and guidance Dawn will be able to live a full and happy life with a full belly and plenty of room to run and play .This is a great animal video if you could please SHARE in Facebook ...
Desdemona Despair is the clearinghouse for all of the very worst news about the future of life on Earth, such as global warming, climate change, deforestation, overfishing, acidification, oil spills, resource depletion, drought, pollution, overpopulation, dead zones, mass extinction, and doom.
Infectious Diseases of Wild Mammals, Elizabeth S. Williams (Editor), Ian K. Barker (Editor) 3rd. Edition http://img819.imageshack.us/img819/6007/infectiousdiseasesofwil.jpg
Every year the list of endangered animals is increasing, and many species are on the verge of extinction. It is very important to protect the wild animals that are disappearing very rapidly. The wildlife rescue organizations protect the wild animals … Read More. ...
Found an orphaned or injured wild baby animal? How to tell if baby animals are orphaned, injured, or perfectly fine, and what to do if they need help.
Very little is known about diseases that impact animal health. It means experts know very less about how it becomes an infectious disease among humans.
PITTSBURGH, PA (PRWEB) December 12, 2016 -- Dog owners love their dogs and will pay big bucks for their vaccinations, food, shelter, medical expenses, etc.
Transcript NEAL CONAN, HOST: This is TALK OF THE NATION. Im Neal Conan in Washington. Last October, Terry Thompson released 50 exotic animals on his
III. On the Tendency of Varieties to depart indefinitely from the Original Type. By ALFRED RUSSEL WALLACE.1. One of the strongest arguments which have been adduced to prove the original and permanent distinctness of species is, that varieties produced in a state of domesticity are more or less unstable, and often have a tendency, if left to themselves, to return to the normal form of the parent species; and this instability is considered to be a distinctive peculiarity of all varieties, even of those occurring among wild animals in a state of nature, and to constitute a provision for preserving unchanged the originally created distinct species. In the absence or scarcity of facts and observations as to varieties occurring among wild animals, this argument has had great weight with naturalists, and has led to a very general and somewhat prejudiced belief in the stability of species. Equally general, however, is the belief in what are called permanent or true varieties,-races of animals which ...
Yesterday some type of canine got into our yard and attacked our 3 polish hens Aunt Dot, Aunt Louise, and Aunt Florence (1 year old this month). Dot...
In the world, so many animals that exist. There are wild animals, tame animals, wild animals, animal home, which is almost extinct animals and animals that are protected. ...
But when wildlife is stressed, exposure to microbes, parasites, toxins, and other biological and physical agents can cause wildlife diseases. Here is information about diseases found in the Northeast and diseases of concern in Vermont, as well as information on what to do if you find a sick or injured animal.. ...
The European wild boar is a popular game species in many countries, and its meat can be a source of human infection with T. gondii. Based on the serological evidence gathered in this study, wild boars commonly encountered T. gondii in Estonia. As free-ranging animals, wild boars do not acknowledge country borders, and therefore the results can be cautiously considered to represent a wider area of north-eastern Europe.. A recent estimate of T. gondii seroprevalence in free-ranging wild boars in the southern neighbouring country, Latvia, was 35.1% [13], which is significantly higher than that found in this study (P , 0.001). Despite the two studies are not directly comparable because different methodologies were employed, a geographical gradient in seroprevalence may exist in Baltic countries. In Finland, which is located across the Baltic Sea north of Estonia, a gradient was evident as higher T. gondii seroprevalences in both wild and domestic animals, including farmed wild boar, were detected in ...
Looking for online definition of Procyon lotor in the Medical Dictionary? Procyon lotor explanation free. What is Procyon lotor? Meaning of Procyon lotor medical term. What does Procyon lotor mean?
We aim to investigate the role of native and exotic wildlife species to the spread of cattle fever ticks (Rhipicephalus microplus and R. annulatus). White-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) and Nilgai antelope (Boselaphus tragocamelus) have been implicated in the movement of cattle fever ticks Rhipicephalus spp. in South Texas, but less is known regarding the role of other exotic species. A diverse array of exotic species including axis (Cervus axis), fallow (Cervus dama), and red deer (Cervus elaphus), blackbuck (Antilope cervicapra), scimitar-horned oryx (Orxy dammah) and gemsbok oryk (Oryx gazella) inhabit the northern reaches of the permanent quarantine area, which includes the north western South Texas Plains and south eastern Edwards Plateau. This research will aim to improve our understanding of the potential role of these species.. ...
The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS), Wildlife Services National Rabies Management Program has conducted cooperative oral rabies vaccination (ORV) programs since 1997. Understanding the eco-epidemiology of raccoon (Procyon lotor) variant rabies (raccoon rabies) is critical to successful management. Pine (Pinus spp.)-dominated landscapes generally support low relative raccoon densities that may inhibit rabies spread. However, confounding landscape features, such as wetlands and human development, represent potentially elevated risk corridors for rabies spread, possibly imperiling enhanced rabies surveillance and ORV planning. Raccoon habitat suitability in pine-dominated landscapes in Massachusetts, Florida, and Alabama was modeled by the maximum entropy (Maxent) procedure using raccoon presence, and landscape and environmental data. Replicated (n = 100/state) bootstrapped Maxent models based on raccoon sampling locations from 2012-2014
Wildlife forensic science is forensic science applied to legal issues involving wildlife. With the initiative of the Society for Wildlife Forensic Science (SWFS), the Scientific Working Group for Wildlife Forensic Sciences (SWGWILD) was formed in 2011. While animals and plants are the victims in the crimes of illegal wildlife trade and animal abuse, society also pays a heavy price when those crimes are used to fund illegal drugs, weapons and terrorism. Links between human trafficking, public corruption and illegal fishing have also been reported. The continued development and integration of wildlife forensic science as a field will be critical for successful management of the many significant social and conservation issues related to the illegal wildlife trade and wildlife law enforcement. Marine forensics "Wildlife Forensics Laboratory". Law enforcement division. California Department of Fish and Wildlife. Retrieved 17 May 2014. "About SWGWILD". Society for Wildlife Forensic Science. 14 January ...
Define raccoon rabies. raccoon rabies synonyms, raccoon rabies pronunciation, raccoon rabies translation, English dictionary definition of raccoon rabies. also ra·coon n. pl. rac·coons or raccoon also ra·coons or racoon 1. An omnivorous mammal native to the Americas and introduced elsewhere, having...
Wild animals are carriers of a number of pathogens that have the potential to infect the human population and/or domestic animals. The intensity of contact between wildlife, livestock and human population is increasing due to a number of factors, primarily human and livestock population growth leading to encroachment onto wildlife habitat [1, 2]. During recent decades a number of pathogen crossovers from wildlife to humans and livestock have occurred resulting in emerging diseases, such as SARS, Hantavirus Pulmonary syndrome 1, Nipah virus disease 1, and Hendra virus-induced diseases among others. However, it is also evident that transmission can occur both ways i.e. pathogens may spill-over to wildlife from humans and/or from livestock. One example of this is the spill-over of Canine distemper virus from domestic dogs (Canis familiaris) to African wild dogs (Lycaon pictus) in Serengeti in 1991 leading to local extinction of wild dogs in the area [2]. Apart from being carriers of novel viruses ...
Pictured here is MUCCs Deputy Director Amy Trotter with her first goose of the season!. Learn More from the Michigan Department of Agriculture and Rural Development Press Release:. Media contact: Jennifer Holton, 517-284-5724. LANSING - This past spring poultry farmers across the United States were affected by a highly pathogenic avian influenza virus, which has been documented as the largest domestic animal health disaster in U.S. history.. Today, the Michigan departments of Agriculture and Rural Development and Natural Resources reminds domestic poultry owners to be aware of the disease risks present during the fall migration of wild birds. Wild birds can carry various diseases that may spread to poultry operations if the wild and domestic birds have an opportunity to intermingle.. Avian influenza viruses have been found in many wild bird species including shorebirds, quail and pheasants, but are most often found in migratory waterfowl like ducks, geese and swans.. Although no cases of HPAI ...

Femur fracture repair of a tiger cub (Panthera tigris tigris) suffering from nutritional secondary hyperparathyroidism and...Femur fracture repair of a tiger cub (Panthera tigris tigris) suffering from nutritional secondary hyperparathyroidism and...

Companion Animal Clinical Studies, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, Gauteng, South Africa. *Correspondence to Dr Charles ...
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Raccoon Exclusion Services in Loudoun County - Raccoon Removal Professionals NetworkRaccoon Exclusion Services in Loudoun County - Raccoon Removal Professionals Network

Another problem with this is that they are wild animals. A raccoon could decide to be defensive and hurt you. ... Another problem with this is that they are wild animals. A raccoon could decide to be defensive and hurt you. ... Raccoons are destructive animals, but all is not lost if you find one taking up residence in your home. One call to the right ... Raccoons are nocturnal animals. They are usually black in color, and have a black tail with rings. They weigh around 10 to 20 ...
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The White Bengal Tiger - Endangered Species | Outdoor Wild LivingThe White Bengal Tiger - Endangered Species | Outdoor Wild Living

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Obesity Epidemic Hits Zoo Animals - Eat Me DailyObesity Epidemic Hits Zoo Animals - Eat Me Daily

Gorillas in the wild live on a bulky, low-calorie diet of such things as leaves, shoots and bark, but in zoos are often fed ... Observer reports on a recent symposium at North Carolina State University dealing with overweight zoo animals: ... Gorillas in the wild live on a bulky, low-calorie diet of such things as leaves, shoots and bark, but in zoos are often fed ... That also means that zoo gorillas -- who spend much of the day foraging in the wild -- have little to do, except sit around and ...
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The Mountain LionThe Mountain Lion

The tail of the cougar is long and about one-third of the animals actual length. However, their limbs are short and very ... Mountain lions may live up to 18 to 20 years in the wild, however, they may live slightly longer in captivity. ... Mountain lions are carnivorous, therefore they eat many animals, including: moose, white-tailed and mule deer, squirrels, ...
more infohttp://facstaff.bloomu.edu/ccorbin/Biodiversity/cougar_Stempien.htm

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CDC - Other Wild Animals - RabiesCDC - Other Wild Animals - Rabies

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Steiff wild animals 
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Wild animals of BeijingWild animals of Beijing

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Wild animals age too - ScienceBlog.comWild animals age too - ScienceBlog.com

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Why springtime spells disaster for Britains wild animalsWhy springtime spells disaster for Britain's wild animals

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Living on Earth: Wild Animal RehabLiving on Earth: Wild Animal Rehab

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  • Baby hedgehogs eviscerated by garden strimmers, nests of chicks dislodged from branches by pruning poles, baby deer suckling at the teats of their roadkill mothers - these are all-too-common occurrences at this time of year, with adult animals coming to grief as they leave their newborns in search of food. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • Postexposure prophylaxis should be initiated as soon as possible following exposure to such wildlife unless the animal has already been tested and determined not to be rabid. (cdc.gov)
  • T he battle to save bereft youngsters has already commenced at the Wildlife Aid Foundation (WAF), one if the UK's busiest wild animal rescue and rehabilitation centres, based in Surrey. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • At the height of orphan season, which runs into June, the centre will take in an average of 15 baby animals a day and be staffed by an army of over 300 volunteers, who will see an upsurge of patients this weekend as the nation takes to its gardens and unwittingly unsettles the wildlife therein. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • Eight thousand deer alone were struck and killed by drivers in New Jersey last year, and that's the fate of most of the parents of the orphaned baby animals that are brought to wildlife rehabbers each spring and summer. (loe.org)
  • Improves the health and well-being of companion animals and wildlife by funding humane health studies and disseminating information about these studies. (dmoztools.net)
  • Raccoons, skunks, foxes, and coyotes are the terrestrial animals most often infected with rabies in the United States. (cdc.gov)
  • Buy this Royalty Free Stock Photo on Nature Animal Wild animal Deer Roe deer for your Editorial or Promotional Website, Book Cover, Flyer, Article, Wordpress Blog and Template from Photocase. (photocase.com)
  • Under the proposal, people who kill an alligator or "big game," defined as a white tailed deer, wild turkey, or black bear, must hand its carcass over to the S.C. Department of Natural Resources. (savannahnow.com)
  • We always urge people to think about wild animals before they start work on their gardens and homes and the advice is particularly relevant this time of year when there are young around. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • Human exposure situations involving animals maintained in United States Department of Agriculture-licensed research facilities or accredited zoological parks should be evaluated on a case-by-case basis. (cdc.gov)
  • Seton's Wild Animals (シートン動物記, Shīton Dōbutsuki) is a manga series by Sanpei Shirato published in two parts: three volumes published by Shogakukan from 1961 to 1962, and two volumes published by Seirindō in 1964 under the title Grizzly Bear Story (灰色熊の伝記, Haiiroguma no Denki). (wikipedia.org)
  • It does not include veterinary products, medicines, animal foods or supplements. (dmoztools.net)
  • Submit a photograph of a small wild animal. (dpreview.com)
  • Vets cleaned the two small puncture wounds in its neck and it is now convalescing before going into specialist care until it is old enough to survive in the wild on its own. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • Please watch and share this awesome new video by Gabriel Nicolau that raises awareness about what's happening to animals in the global fur trade. (causes.com)
  • Britain is dotted with a network of rescue centres and individual hobbyist rescuers who share tips about animal care and pass patients between themselves depending on specialisms. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • The Born Free USA print campaign focuses on the plight of wild animals that are losing their homes. (trendhunter.com)
  • The UK government's executive agency primarily responsible for ensuring that farmed animals in Great Britain are healthy, disease-free and well looked after, and that risk to public health from animal disease is minimised. (dmoztools.net)
  • German illustrator Dieter Braun has written and illustrated this Wild Animals of the North book, published by Flying Eye Books, which features animals from the Northern hemisphere. (designweek.co.uk)
  • But Campsen said the bill could be fine-tuned before it gets to the Senate floor for a vote to specify a shooting is allowed only if a large wild animal presented an imminent threat to a pet or hunting dog. (savannahnow.com)
  • There is lots more information about these wild beasts in the comments sections below. (danwei.org)
  • I've never seen a picture of one that remotely does them justice - they're beautiful animals with a tiny cat-like face and uncurled squirrel-like tail. (danwei.org)
  • Reconnect with your wild side with our fabrics featuring animal skins and animal prints, like cheetah, leopard, and tiger print! (fabric.com)