Animals, Suckling: Young, unweaned mammals. Refers to nursing animals whether nourished by their biological mother, foster mother, or bottle fed.Lactation: The processes of milk secretion by the maternal MAMMARY GLANDS after PARTURITION. The proliferation of the mammary glandular tissue, milk synthesis, and milk expulsion or let down are regulated by the interactions of several hormones including ESTRADIOL; PROGESTERONE; PROLACTIN; and OXYTOCIN.Sucking Behavior: Any suction exerted by the mouth; response of the mammalian infant to draw milk from the breast. Includes sucking on inanimate objects. Not to be used for thumb sucking, which is indexed under fingersucking.Animal Population Groups: Animals grouped according to ecological, morphological or genetic populations.Milk Ejection: Expulsion of milk from the mammary alveolar lumen, which is surrounded by a layer of milk-secreting EPITHELIAL CELLS and a network of myoepithelial cells. Contraction of the myoepithelial cells is regulated by neuroendocrine signals.Weaning: Permanent deprivation of breast milk and commencement of nourishment with other food. (From Stedman, 25th ed)Milk: The white liquid secreted by the mammary glands. It contains proteins, sugar, lipids, vitamins, and minerals.Animals, Newborn: Refers to animals in the period of time just after birth.Colostrum: The thin, yellow, serous fluid secreted by the mammary glands during pregnancy and immediately postpartum before lactation begins. It consists of immunologically active substances, white blood cells, water, protein, fat, and carbohydrates.Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Postpartum Period: In females, the period that is shortly after giving birth (PARTURITION).Oxytocin: A nonapeptide hormone released from the neurohypophysis (PITUITARY GLAND, POSTERIOR). It differs from VASOPRESSIN by two amino acids at residues 3 and 8. Oxytocin acts on SMOOTH MUSCLE CELLS, such as causing UTERINE CONTRACTIONS and MILK EJECTION.Swine: Any of various animals that constitute the family Suidae and comprise stout-bodied, short-legged omnivorous mammals with thick skin, usually covered with coarse bristles, a rather long mobile snout, and small tail. Included are the genera Babyrousa, Phacochoerus (wart hogs), and Sus, the latter containing the domestic pig (see SUS SCROFA).Intestine, Small: The portion of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT between the PYLORUS of the STOMACH and the ILEOCECAL VALVE of the LARGE INTESTINE. It is divisible into three portions: the DUODENUM, the JEJUNUM, and the ILEUM.Immunity, Maternally-Acquired: Resistance to a disease-causing agent induced by the introduction of maternal immunity into the fetus by transplacental transfer or into the neonate through colostrum and milk.Prolactin: A lactogenic hormone secreted by the adenohypophysis (PITUITARY GLAND, ANTERIOR). It is a polypeptide of approximately 23 kD. Besides its major action on lactation, in some species prolactin exerts effects on reproduction, maternal behavior, fat metabolism, immunomodulation and osmoregulation. Prolactin receptors are present in the mammary gland, hypothalamus, liver, ovary, testis, and prostate.Lactase: An enzyme which catalyzes the hydrolysis of LACTOSE to D-GALACTOSE and D-GLUCOSE. Defects in the enzyme cause LACTOSE INTOLERANCE.Intestines: The section of the alimentary canal from the STOMACH to the ANAL CANAL. It includes the LARGE INTESTINE and SMALL INTESTINE.Body Weight: The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.DisaccharidasesEnterotoxins: Substances that are toxic to the intestinal tract causing vomiting, diarrhea, etc.; most common enterotoxins are produced by bacteria.Ketone Bodies: The metabolic substances ACETONE; 3-HYDROXYBUTYRIC ACID; and acetoacetic acid (ACETOACETATES). They are produced in the liver and kidney during FATTY ACIDS oxidation and used as a source of energy by the heart, muscle and brain.Reoviridae Infections: Infections produced by reoviruses, general or unspecified.Cattle: Domesticated bovine animals of the genus Bos, usually kept on a farm or ranch and used for the production of meat or dairy products or for heavy labor.Rats, Inbred Strains: Genetically identical individuals developed from brother and sister matings which have been carried out for twenty or more generations or by parent x offspring matings carried out with certain restrictions. This also includes animals with a long history of closed colony breeding.Anovulation: Suspension or cessation of OVULATION in animals or humans with follicle-containing ovaries (OVARIAN FOLLICLE). Depending on the etiology, OVULATION may be induced with appropriate therapy.Ileum: The distal and narrowest portion of the SMALL INTESTINE, between the JEJUNUM and the ILEOCECAL VALVE of the LARGE INTESTINE.Mammary Glands, Animal: MAMMARY GLANDS in the non-human MAMMALS.Litter Size: The number of offspring produced at one birth by a viviparous animal.Aging: The gradual irreversible changes in structure and function of an organism that occur as a result of the passage of time.Estrus: The period in the ESTROUS CYCLE associated with maximum sexual receptivity and fertility in non-primate female mammals.Diarrhea: An increased liquidity or decreased consistency of FECES, such as running stool. Fecal consistency is related to the ratio of water-holding capacity of insoluble solids to total water, rather than the amount of water present. Diarrhea is not hyperdefecation or increased fecal weight.Luteinizing Hormone: A major gonadotropin secreted by the adenohypophysis (PITUITARY GLAND, ANTERIOR). Luteinizing hormone regulates steroid production by the interstitial cells of the TESTIS and the OVARY. The preovulatory LUTEINIZING HORMONE surge in females induces OVULATION, and subsequent LUTEINIZATION of the follicle. LUTEINIZING HORMONE consists of two noncovalently linked subunits, alpha and beta. Within a species, the alpha subunit is common in the three pituitary glycoprotein hormones (TSH, LH and FSH), but the beta subunit is unique and confers its biological specificity.Trichinella: A genus of parasitic nematodes that causes TRICHINELLOSIS in man and other animal.Jejunum: The middle portion of the SMALL INTESTINE, between DUODENUM and ILEUM. It represents about 2/5 of the remaining portion of the small intestine below duodenum.Maternal Behavior: The behavior patterns associated with or characteristic of a mother.Animal Husbandry: The science of breeding, feeding and care of domestic animals; includes housing and nutrition.Liver: A large lobed glandular organ in the abdomen of vertebrates that is responsible for detoxification, metabolism, synthesis and storage of various substances.Rotavirus: A genus of REOVIRIDAE, causing acute gastroenteritis in BIRDS and MAMMALS, including humans. Transmission is horizontal and by environmental contamination. Seven species (Rotaviruses A thru G) are recognized.Swine Diseases: Diseases of domestic swine and of the wild boar of the genus Sus.Anestrus: A state of sexual inactivity in female animals exhibiting no ESTROUS CYCLE. Causes of anestrus include pregnancy, presence of offspring, season, stress, and pathology.Organ Size: The measurement of an organ in volume, mass, or heaviness.Weight Gain: Increase in BODY WEIGHT over existing weight.Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena: Nutritional physiology of animals.Random Allocation: A process involving chance used in therapeutic trials or other research endeavor for allocating experimental subjects, human or animal, between treatment and control groups, or among treatment groups. It may also apply to experiments on inanimate objects.Intestinal Mucosa: Lining of the INTESTINES, consisting of an inner EPITHELIUM, a middle LAMINA PROPRIA, and an outer MUSCULARIS MUCOSAE. In the SMALL INTESTINE, the mucosa is characterized by a series of folds and abundance of absorptive cells (ENTEROCYTES) with MICROVILLI.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.SucraseParturition: The process of giving birth to one or more offspring.Rotavirus Infections: Infection with any of the rotaviruses. Specific infections include human infantile diarrhea, neonatal calf diarrhea, and epidemic diarrhea of infant mice.Lactose: A disaccharide of GLUCOSE and GALACTOSE in human and cow milk. It is used in pharmacy for tablets, in medicine as a nutrient, and in industry.Breast Feeding: The nursing of an infant at the breast.Maternal-Fetal Exchange: Exchange of substances between the maternal blood and the fetal blood at the PLACENTA via PLACENTAL CIRCULATION. The placental barrier excludes microbial or viral transmission.Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae: A species of gram-negative bacteria that causes MYCOPLASMA PNEUMONIA OF SWINE. The organism damages the CILIA in the airways of the pig, and thus compromises one of the most effective mechanical barriers against invading pathogens. The resulting weakening of the IMMUNE SYSTEM can encourage secondary infections, leading to porcine respiratory disease complex.DairyingBiological Assay: A method of measuring the effects of a biologically active substance using an intermediate in vivo or in vitro tissue or cell model under controlled conditions. It includes virulence studies in animal fetuses in utero, mouse convulsion bioassay of insulin, quantitation of tumor-initiator systems in mouse skin, calculation of potentiating effects of a hormonal factor in an isolated strip of contracting stomach muscle, etc.Relaxin: A water-soluble polypeptide (molecular weight approximately 8,000) extractable from the corpus luteum of pregnancy. It produces relaxation of the pubic symphysis and dilation of the uterine cervix in certain animal species. Its role in the human pregnant female is uncertain. (Dorland, 28th ed)Ovulation: The discharge of an OVUM from a rupturing follicle in the OVARY.Sheep: Any of the ruminant mammals with curved horns in the genus Ovis, family Bovidae. They possess lachrymal grooves and interdigital glands, which are absent in GOATS.Nutrition Disorders: Disorders caused by nutritional imbalance, either overnutrition or undernutrition.

Mitochondrial 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA synthase: a control enzyme in ketogenesis. (1/1173)

Cytosolic and mitochondrial 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA (HMG-CoA) synthases were first recognized as different chemical entities in 1975, when they were purified and characterized by Lane's group. Since then, the two enzymes have been studied extensively, one as a control site of the cholesterol biosynthetic pathway and the other as an important control site of ketogenesis. This review describes some key developments over the last 25 years that have led to our current understanding of the physiology of mitochondrial HMG-CoA synthase in the HMG-CoA pathway and in ketogenesis in the liver and small intestine of suckling animals. The enzyme is regulated by two systems: succinylation and desuccinylation in the short term, and transcriptional regulation in the long term. Both control mechanisms are influenced by nutritional and hormonal factors, which explains the incidence of ketogenesis in diabetes and starvation, during intense lipolysis, and in the foetal-neonatal and suckling-weaning transitions. The DNA-binding properties of the peroxisome-proliferator-activated receptor and other transcription factors on the nuclear-receptor-responsive element of the mitochondrial HMG-CoA synthase promoter have revealed how ketogenesis can be regulated by fatty acids. Finally, the expression of mitochondrial HMG-CoA synthase in the gonads and the correction of auxotrophy for mevalonate in cells deficient in cytosolic HMG-CoA synthase suggest that the mitochondrial enzyme may play a role in cholesterogenesis in gonadal and other tissues.  (+info)

Ontogeny of intestinal safety factors: lactase capacities and lactose loads. (2/1173)

We measured intestinal safety factors (ratio of a physiological capacity to the load on it) for lactose digestion in developing rat pups. Specifically, we assessed the quantitative relationships between lactose load and the series capacities of lactase and the Na+-glucose cotransporter (SGLT-1). Both capacities increased significantly with age in suckling pups as a result of increasing intestinal mass and maintenance of mass-specific activities. The youngest pups examined (5 days) had surprisingly high safety factors of 8-13 for both lactase and SGLT-1, possibly because milk contains lactase substrates other than lactose; it also, however, suggests that their intestinal capacities were being prepared to meet future demands rather than just current ones. By day 10 (and also at day 15), increased lactose loads resulted in lower safety factors of 4-6, values more typical of adult intestines. The safety factor of SGLT-1 in day 30 (weanling) and day 100 (adult) rats was only approximately 1.0. This was initially unexpected, because most adult intestines maintain a modest reserve capacity beyond nutrient load values, but postweaning rats appear to use hindgut fermentation, assessed by gut morphology and hydrogen production assays, as a built-in reserve capacity. The series capacities of lactase and SGLT-1 varied in concert with each other over ontogeny and as lactose load was manipulated by experimental variation in litter size.  (+info)

Effect of reducing the phytate content and of partially hydrolyzing the protein in soy formula on zinc and copper absorption and status in infant rhesus monkeys and rat pups. (3/1173)

BACKGROUND: Although soy formulas have been designed to meet the nutrient requirements of human infants, they also contain phytate, which may negatively affect trace element absorption. OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the effect of removing phytate on zinc and copper absorption and status in infant rhesus monkeys and suckling rat pups and evaluated differences between intact and partially hydrolyzed soy protein. DESIGN: In monkeys, regular and low-phytate soy formulas were fed exclusively for 4 mo and whole-body absorption and retention of 65Zn, 67Cu, 59Fe, 54Mn, and 47Ca were determined at different time points with a whole-body counter. Subsequently, zinc and copper absorption from several human infant formulas and the effect of phytate concentration were evaluated in suckling rat pups by using 65Zn and 64Cu. Finally, infant rhesus monkeys were fed low-phytate formulas with intact or hydrolyzed soy protein for 4 mo and plasma zinc and copper were measured monthly. RESULTS: In the first monkey study, zinc absorption at 1 mo was higher from low-phytate soy formula (36%) than from regular soy formula (22%), whereas there was no significant difference between groups in the absorption of other minerals. Plasma copper was significantly lower in monkeys fed low-phytate soy formula from 2 to 4 mo. In rat pups, zinc absorption was significantly higher from low-phytate soy formula (78%) than from regular soy formula (51%) and hydrolysis of the protein had no significant effect. Phytate content or protein hydrolysis did not significantly affect copper absorption. In the second monkey study, plasma copper concentrations were highest in monkeys fed the low-phytate, hydrolyzed-protein soy formula. CONCLUSION: Reducing the phytate content and partially hydrolyzing the protein in soy formula had a beneficial effect on zinc and copper absorption and status in infant rhesus monkeys.  (+info)

Comparisons of flux control exerted by mitochondrial outer-membrane carnitine palmitoyltransferase over ketogenesis in hepatocytes and mitochondria isolated from suckling or adult rats. (4/1173)

The primary aim of this paper was to calculate and report flux control coefficients for mitochondrial outer-membrane carnitine palmitoyltransferase (CPT I) over hepatic ketogenesis because its role in controlling this pathway during the neonatal period is of academic importance and immediate clinical relevance. Using hepatocytes isolated from suckling rats as our model system, we measured CPT I activity and carbon flux from palmitate to ketone bodies and to CO2 in the absence and presence of a range of concentrations of etomoxir. (This is converted in situ to etomoxir-CoA which is a specific inhibitor of the enzyme.) From these data we calculated the individual flux control coefficients for CPT I over ketogenesis, CO2 production and total carbon flux (0.51 +/- 0.03; -1.30 +/- 0.26; 0.55 +/- 0.07, respectively) and compared them with equivalent coefficients calculated by similar analyses [Drynan, L., Quant, P.A. & Zammit, V.A. (1996) Biochem. J. 317, 791-795] in hepatocytes isolated from adult rats (0.85 +/- 0.20; 0.23 +/- 0.06; 1.06 +/- 0.29). CPT I exerts significantly less control over ketogenesis in hepatocytes isolated from suckling rats than those from adult rats. In the suckling systems the flux control coefficients for CPT I over ketogenesis specifically and over total carbon flux (< 0.6) are not consistent with the enzyme being rate-limiting. Broadly similar results were obtained and conclusions drawn by reanalysis of previous data {from experiments in mitochondria isolated from suckling or adult rats [Krauss, S., Lascelles, C.V., Zammit, V.A. & Quant, P.A. (1996) Biochem. J. 319, 427-433]} using a different approach of control analysis, although it is not strictly valid to compare flux control coefficients from different systems. Our overall conclusion is that flux control coefficients for CPT I over oxidative fluxes from palmitate (or palmitoyl-CoA) differ markedly according to (a) the metabolic state, (b) the stage of development, (c) the specific pathway studied and (d) the model system.  (+info)

Interferon-gamma plays a role in pancreatic islet-cell destruction of reovirus type 2-induced diabetes-like syndrome in DBA/1 suckling mice. (5/1173)

Reovirus type 2 (Reo-2) infection in DBA/1 suckling mice causes insulitis, which leads to pancreatic islet-cell destruction, resulting in a diabetes-like syndrome. T-helper (Th) 1 cytokines are thought to play a key role in islet inflammation in insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. We examined this hypothesis in the Reo-2-induced diabetes-like syndrome. We used reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and quantitative PCR techniques to examine mRNA expression of interferon (IFN)-gamma (Th1 type cytokine), and interleukin (IL)-4 (Th2 type cytokine) in splenic cells. We observed that in Reo-2 infected mice the level of IFN-gamma expression increases with the development of insulitis, whereas expression of message for IL-4 is minimal to detectable with the immuno-inflammatory process 10 days after infection. The treatment of monoclonal antibody (mAb) against mouse IFN-gamma during the expansion phase of insulitis (5-9 days after infection) inhibited the development of insulitis and the elevation of blood glucose concentrations in a dose dependent manner. Furthermore altered CD4+/CD8+ cell ratio compared with uninfected mice in the splenic cells by the infection was recovered to the ratio of uninfected mice by the treatment of mAb against mouse IFN-gamma, suggesting normalization of T cell balance in immune system. These results suggest that Reo-2-triggered autoimmune insulitis may be mediated by Th1 lymphocytes and IFN-gamma may play a role in islet inflammation leading to islet cell destruction.  (+info)

Glucocorticoids mediate the enhanced expression of intestinal type II arginase and argininosuccinate lyase in postweaning pigs. (6/1173)

Arginine metabolism is enhanced in the small intestine of weanling pigs, but the molecular mechanism(s) involved is not known. The objectives of this study were to determine the following: 1) whether glucocorticoids play a role in induction of intestinal arginine metabolic enzymes during weaning; 2) whether the induction of enzyme activities was due to increases in corresponding mRNA levels; and 3) the identity of the arginase isoform(s) expressed in the small intestine. Jejunum was obtained from 29-d-old weaned pigs that were or were not treated with 17-beta-hydroxy-11beta-(4-dimethylaminophenyl)17alpha-(prop- 1-ynyl)es tra-4,9-dien-3-one (RU486, an antagonist of glucocorticoid receptors), or from age-matched suckling pigs. Activities and mRNA levels for type I and type II arginases, argininosuccinate synthase (ASS) and argininosuccinate lyase (ASL) were determined. Activities of arginase, ASL and ASS increased by 635, 56 and 106%, respectively, in weanling pigs, compared with suckling pigs. RU486 treatment attenuated the increase in arginase activity by 74% and completely prevented the ASL induction in weanling pigs, but had no effect on ASS activity. Pig intestine expresses both type I and type II arginases. On the basis of immunoblot analyses, there was no significant difference in levels of intestinal type I arginase among these three groups of pigs, indicating that changes in arginase activity were due only to type II arginase. The mRNA levels for type II arginase and ASL increased by 135 and 198%, respectively, in weanling pigs compared with suckling pigs, and this induction was completely prevented by RU486. In contrast, ASS mRNA levels did not differ between suckling and weanling pigs. These results suggest that intestinal type II arginase, ASS and ASL are regulated differentially at transcriptional and post-translational levels and that glucocorticoids play a major role in the induction of type II arginase and ASL mRNAs in the small intestine of weanling pigs.  (+info)

Recovery of 15N-lactoferrin is higher than that of 15N-casein in the small intestine of suckling, but not adult miniature pigs. (7/1173)

Performance of biological functions of lactoferrin in the small intestine requires at least some resistance to degradation. Therefore, we studied prececal digestibility of lactoferrin in comparison to casein both in suckling and adult miniature pigs, applying 15N-labeled proteins. In study 1, 43 piglets (10-d-old), deprived of food for 12 h received 10 mL of sow's milk supplemented with 120 mg of 15N-labeled protein (porcine or bovine lactoferrin or bovine casein). Piglets were anesthetized 150 min later, after which the small intestine was excised, cut into three sections, and chyme was collected. In study 2, nine food-deprived boars fitted with T-canulae at the terminal ileum were given two semisynthetic experimental meals (204 g) in a cross-over design, 2 wk apart. One contained 7.5% (g/100 g) 15N-labeled bovine casein, the other 1.25% 15N-labeled bovine lactoferrin. Both were adjusted to 15% total protein with nonlabeled casein. Ileal chyme was collected from the canula over 33 h postprandially. All diets contained the indigestible marker chromic oxide. 15N-digestibility of lactoferrin, both porcine (84.4 +/- 3.2%) and bovine (82.3 +/- 4.8%), was significantly lower than casein digestibility (97.6 +/- 0.5%) in the distal small intestine of suckling piglets (P < 0.05). Based on immunoblotting after acrylamide electrophoresis, 4.5% of non- and partially digested lactoferrin was found in the last third of the small intestine of piglets. In adult miniature pigs there was no difference in 15N-digestibility of bovine lactoferrin compared to bovine casein (90.7 +/- 1.9% vs. 93.9 +/- 1.0%, P > 0.05). In suckling miniature pigs, the reduced digestibility of lactoferrin may provide the prerequisite for biological actions along the whole intestinal tract. The source of lactoferrin, porcine or bovine, made no difference in this respect.  (+info)

Ultrasonic vocalizations elicit orienting and associative reactions in preweanling mice. (8/1173)

On postnatal days (PND) 12 and 13, 90 male Swiss CD-1 mice were tested for orientation to 3 intensities of recorded ultrasounds while climbing an inclined wire grid surface. Motor responses and vocalization to replayed ultrasounds (55-75 kHz) of 20-, 40-, and 60-dB SPL indicated an intensity dependence. In Experiment 2, 138 pups were exposed to either contingent or noncontingent pairings of recorded ultrasounds of 55-75 kHz, averaging 40 dB, and mild inescapable footshocks, or taped vocalizations or footshocks only on PND 12, 14, or 16. At PND 18, subjects were tested for passive avoidance following exposure to the taped ultrasounds only upon entry into the dark side of a black-white compartment. Results suggested only overall, nonspecific effects of pretreatment to elicit responses antagonistic to motor activity. In Experiment 3, 36 pups at PND 15 were tested for passive avoidance with the ultrasound recordings of 40- or 80-dB onset upon entry to the dark compartment; a third group had no ultrasound exposure. A significant intensity effect confirmed that the ultrasounds had prepotent properties.  (+info)

*Kadashman-Turgu

His personal seal included suckling animals in two registers, allegorically symbolizing his care for his subjects. The ...

*Human-animal breastfeeding

... human females sometimes breastfeed young animals, and animals are used to suckle babies and children. Animals were used as ... The suckling of animals by infants was a repeated theme in classical mythology. Most famously, twin brothers Romulus and Remus ... Suckling directly was preferable to milking an animal and giving the milk, as contamination by microbes during the milking ... Several famous ancient historical figures were claimed to have been suckled by animals; Cyrus I of Persia was said to have been ...

*Hippothous

He was exposed and suckled by animals, while his mother was executed. After Theseus had killed Cercyon he willingly handed over ...

*Mites of livestock

Transmission of these mites from host to host occurs during close contact when young animals are suckled. Demodex mites are ... When wild animals such as foxes and coyotes are sometimes found heavily infested with sarcoptic mites, the description 'mangy' ... Psoroptic mange - Animal Health and Veterinary Laboratories Agency, UK. Acari. The Mites, Tree of Life Project Parasitic ... Animal Science, 81: 23-29. Van den Broek, A. (2000). Cutaneous and systemic responses during primary and challenge infestations ...

*Leptin

... and leptin from mother's milk has been found in the blood of suckling infant animals. Leptin along with kisspeptin controls the ... This effect is reversed when the animals are put back on a low-energy diet. This also may have an evolutionary advantage: ... Leptin levels signal when an animal has enough stored energy to spend it in pursuits besides acquiring food. This would mean ... small doses of NPY injected into the brains of experimental animals stimulates feeding, while selective destruction of the NPY ...

*Swine brucellosis

It is transmitted mainly by ingestion of infected tissues or fluids, semen during breeding, and suckling infected animals. ... The Brucella abortus (rough LPS Brucella) vaccine, developed for bovine brucellosis and licensed by the USDA Animal Plant ... The disease typically causes chronic inflammatory lesions in the reproductive organs of susceptible animals or orchitis, and ... 2003). "Brucellosis". Zoonoses and communicable diseases common to man and animals. Volume 1 (PDF) (3rd ed.). Washington, DC: ...

*10th edition of Systema Naturae

Linnaeus described mammals as: Animals that suckle their young by means of lactiferous teats. In external and internal ... The Animal Kingdom (as described by Linnaeus): Animals enjoy sensation by means of a living organization, animated by a ... Besides they parts they have in common with other animals, they are furnished with a nictitant membrane, and most of them with ... The first work to consistently apply binomial nomenclature across the animal kingdom was the 10th edition of Systema Naturae. ...

*Infrared heater

... metal heat treating Cooking Warming suckling animals or captive animals in zoos or veterinary clinics White, Jack R. Herschel ... They are also commonly used for animal husbandry. Lights used for poultry are often called brooding lamps. Aside from young ... They are often used in the area of animal/pet healthcare too. The ceramic infrared heaters (emitters) are manufactured with ... birds, other types of animals which can benefit from heat lamps include reptiles, amphibians, insects, arachnids, and the young ...

*Adad-shuma-iddina

The same iconography of a suckling animal, a characteristic metaphor for the Kassite king's care for his subjects, is used on a ...

*Mammalia in the 10th edition of Systema Naturae

Carl Linnaeus described the Mammalia as one of the six classes of animals, characterized by being: Animals that suckle their ... 3.0.CO;2-2. Anthea Gentry; Juliet Clutton-Brock; Colin P. Groves (2004). "The naming of wild animal species and their domestic ... ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. Cuvier, G. & Griffith, E. (1827). The Animal Kingdom: The class Mammalia 3: 157 "Glaucomys volans ( ... except a few who use animal food Homo (humans) Homo sapiens - human Homo troglodytes - partly based on myth, partly on ...

*Social grooming

Bonnet macaque allogrooming while infant suckles Many animals groom each other in the form of stroking, scratching, and ... Grooming is a major social activity, and a means by which animals who live in close proximity may bond and reinforce social ... While thorough research has still yet to be engaged, much has been learned about social grooming in non-human animals via the ... For example, in studies of suckling rats, rats who received warmth and touch when feeding had lower blood pressure levels than ...

*Defrutum

... it was also added to fruit and meat dishes as a sweetening and souring agent and even given to food animals such as suckling ...

*Regional cuisines of medieval Europe

The choice of meats were lamb, and several wild animals like gazelles, wild asses, and suckling young in general. Meat was ... Like in the rest of Europe, oats was considered only fit as animal fodder and was only eaten when no other choice was available ... It gives instructions for a wartime stew consisting of any available greens and vegetables to be boiled in animal stomachs or ... Barley and oats were cultivated, but used mostly as animal feed or for brewing beer. Cabbage (especially as sauerkraut), kale, ...

*The Problem with Popplers

The episode ends with the Planet Express Crew eating a smorgasbord buffet of unintelligent animals, including a suckling pig ... Unfortunately, after Popplers become an incredibly popular food item and the organization MEAT (Mankind for Ethical Animal ...

*Cantabrian cream cheese

The milk is coagulated with an animal enzyme, preferably from suckling calves of the "Pintas de Cantabria" breed, or with any ...

*Rank-Raglan mythotype

Prophecy warning against birth Hero surrendered to the water in a box Saved by animals or lowly people Suckled by female animal ...

*Domesticated hedgehog

The quills were used in the training of other animals, such as keeping a calf from suckling after it had been weaned.[citation ... Aside from their sensitivity to temperature, hedgehogs are relatively simple animals to take care of. Hedgehogs should be ... Keeping exotic (non-native) animals - Wildlife trade and conservation in Australia. Environment.gov.au (2011-08-16). Retrieved ... therefore the condition the animal experiences can be compared with what MS patients experience. A possible cause of WHS is a ...

*Sibling rivalry (animals)

"Armed Sibling Rivalry among Suckling Piglets." Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 29.1 (1991): 9-15. Print. Pope W.F., S. Xie ... Animals, including siblings, compete for resources such as food, territory, and potential mating partners. In animal sibling ... Not all forms of sibling rivalry in animals involve direct aggression or death of a sibling. This is not an extremely ... "Fetal Programming by Co-Twin Rivalry in Sheep." Journal of Animal Science 92.1 (2014): 64-71. Print. Fraser, David, and B. K. ...

*Franks Casket

... also shows Romulus and Remus being suckled, with other animal ornament. (Wilson 1984, p. 86). Neuman de Vegvar (1999, pp. 265-6 ... At left an animal figure sits on a small rounded mound, confronted by an armed and helmeted warrior. In the centre a standing ... The left panel depicts the mythological twin founders of Rome, Romulus and Remus, being suckled by a wolf lying on her back at ... "was driven away from people and given the mind of an animal; he lived with the wild asses and ate grass like cattle." The ...

*Kieran Suckling

Suckling, K.F. 2000. A House on Fire: Connecting the Biological and Linguistic Diversity Crises. Animal Law 6:193-202. Suckling ... and says of Suckling: "Rimbaud reinvented poetry. Kierán Suckling would do the same with environmentalism." The Center, which ... Suckling, K.F. and W. Hodges. 2007. Status of the bald eagle in the Lower 48 states and the District of Columbia. Center for ... Suckling's parents and siblings immigrated to the United States from Ireland and England in the 1960s. He is the only member of ...

*Mamarce Oinochoe

If the image derives from the master of animals motif, then the depiction of a suckling goat is most unusual - we would expect ... The depiction of a human figure flanked by animals has a parallel in the common eastern motif of the master of animals. While ... The incisions depict a warrior who is flanked by a horse on the right and by a goat suckling its kid on the left (both goats ... the master of animals motif originates in the east, it is common in Greece; a form with horses is native to Corinth and goats ...

*Judensau

... suckling, and having intercourse with the animal (sometimes regarded as the devil), is a mockery of Judaism and example of ... which in Judaism is an unclean animal, that appeared during the 13th century in Germany and some other European countries; its ...

*Mites of domestic animals

Puppies become infected by close contact with the bitch during suckling. Puppies are more susceptible to infestation at this ... Close attention to domestic animals is necessary, including regular hand grooming of companion animals. This enables early ... Companion Animal Parasite Council, USA Dog ear mites - Companion Animal Parasite Council, USA Sarcoptic mites in dogs and cats ... Animal Health and Veterinary Laboratories Agency, UK Sarcoptic mites - Companion Animal Parasite Council, USA Demodex mites - ...

*Induced ovulation (animals)

Yavas, Y.; Wallon, J.S. (2000-07-01). "Induction of ovulation in postpartum suckled beef cows: A review". Theriogenology. 54 (1 ... Animals this has been recorded in include rabbits, voles, ferrets and camels. In some species such as the ferret the duration ... Animals that have large, complex social groups benefit from spontaneous ovulation as only the best males get to breed with ... Unlike many other animals, simply being in the presence of a male koala is not enough to induce ovulation itself, nor is ...

*Rada (fiqh)

... his position of mufti and leave the city of Bukhara after ruling that two nurslings who suckled from the same farm animal ... minimal number of sucklings necessary to establish fosterage; radāʿ al-kabīr, suckling of a grown-up person, the maximum age at ... For the adherents of older schools of law, such as the Malikis and Hanafis, one suckling was enough. Others, such as the ... ʿAdad al-radāʿ al-muharrim, or minimal number of sucklings necessary to establish the milk-kinship, was the subject of ...

*Orf (disease)

Orf in the mouths of lambs may prevent suckling and cause weight loss, and can infect the udder of the mother ewe, thus ... Occasionally the infection can be extensive and persistent if the animal does not produce an immune response. A live virus ... It is advisable for those handling infected animals to wear disposable gloves to prevent cross-infection and self-infection. A ... it is important to observe good personal hygiene and to wear gloves when treating infected animals. The papule may persist for ...
This study tested the hypothesis that intermittent suckling (IS) with or without an older weaning age would improve post-weaning gastrointestinal tract (GIT) carbohydrate absorptive capacity in pigs while reducing post-weaning stress and aspects of the inflammatory response. Three weaning regimes using primiparous sows were compared: (1) conventional weaning (CW28) (n = 22), where piglets were weaned conventionally at day 28; (2) IS28 (n = 21), where IS started at day 21 until weaning at day 28; and (3) IS35 (n = 21), where IS started at day 28 until weaning at day 35. Sugar absorption tests (10% mannitol or 10% galactose) were used to measure GIT absorptive capacity. All measured parameters were compared in relation to weaning across treatments (i.e., different physiological ages were compared). The IS35 pigs grew fastest in the 12 days after weaning (p , 0.01) and had the highest solid feed intake before and after weaning (p , 0.05). Irrespective of treatment, pre-weaning mannitol levels were ...
We used 109 Polled Hereford and percentage Simmental cows to evaluate limited suckling as an aid to induce cows to cycle after calving. Cows were allotted to: 1. once daily suckle; 2. twice daily suckle; 3. 48 hr calf removal (just before breeding season); and 4. controls (suckle ad libitum). Half of each group was implanted with Norgestomet 9 days before the breeding season. Limited suckling increased the number of cows showing estrus and conceiving early in the breeding season, and Norgestomet increased the percentage pregnant the first 21 days of the breeding season ...
Vaccination in suckling animals are always challenging because of maternally derived antibodies which interferes specific immune response in vaccinated animals. PRRSV vaccine is not an exception and vaccination schedule needs to be adjusted based on the level of the colostrum antibody specific to PRRSV. For piglets delivered from PRRSV vaccinated sows, vaccination schedule needs to be delayed after weaning. Evaluation of PRRSV specific antibody levels in piglets are essential to determine the proper vaccination schedule. Since continuous sow vaccination elicit more uniform antibody levels than natural infection by the field strains, therefore it is much easier to adjust vaccination schedule. You can ask your own question! Visit Pig333.com and submit your question to our experts.. ...
Suckling Feline #26: She does it less than before, but she still does it, shes 5 years old. She seemed to do it the other day when I was thinking about adopting a new kitten or 2, she seemed to understand and felt threatened and started suckling on her brothers arm, both were in my lap. I noticed and reassured her that she would never be replaced and would always be our kitten. she stopped, seemed to understand, and looked at me, then settled down on my chest ...
Implanting growth promotants in suckling steer and heifer calves at branding can significantly enhance average daily gain between branding and weaning; however, it is important to use only products labeled for use in suckling beef calves.
6.6.2 Suckling Reflex (Animation) -Why is milk not produced during pregnancy and is produced after parturition? -How does suckling regulate production of prolactin and oxytocin? -What are the actions of prolactin and oxytocin in regulating lactation? -Why is resumption of menstruation delayed in a lactating female ...
6.6.2 Suckling Reflex (Animation) -Why is milk not produced during pregnancy and is produced after parturition? -How does suckling regulate production of prolactin and oxytocin? -What are the actions of prolactin and oxytocin in regulating lactation? -Why is resumption of menstruation delayed in a lactating female ...
suckling: In mammals, the drawing of milk into the mouth from the nipple or teat of a mammary gland (i.e., breast or udder). In human beings suckling is also referred to as nursing, or breast-feeding....
Buy a sucking pig / roasting pig. Whole pig for sale. 10-50 lbs, delivered cleaned, eviscerated & trussed. Great roasted or smoked. No antibiotics or hormones.
Some materials for cleanness such as soap will help you to get rid of the cuticle cell on the surface of the skin and promote the disruption and accrementition of the cell. If the cornification will not be removed timely, it will damage the protector
IGFs are potent mitogenic growth factors thought to play a significant role in growth regulation in the perinatal period and beyond (55). Whether or not such growth factors, when ingested in milk, have significant effects on the sucklings development is unclear but has been suggested by a variety of studies (1, 2, 14, 17, 52). In the present work, the use of an artificial formula devoid of peptide growth factors was associated with a diminution in serum glucose concentration in suckling rats.. An initial study using RMS by Auestad et al. (5) found a 20% decrease in blood glucose levels, although this study was limited by a small number of animals and the findings were not statistically significant (n = 4). The degree of hypoglycemia the animals in the study of Auestad et al. (5) experienced may also have been limited by the age of the animals that were studied, which was up to 17 days of life, because the ability to maintain glucose homeostasis matures throughout the perinatal and suckling ...
Research games: A complement to laboratory project work (pages 54-55). K E Suckling, D K Apps, I W Flynn, I A Nimmo, J H Phillips and S van Heyningen. Version of Record online: 26 JUN 2010 , DOI: 10.1016/0307-4412(79)90039-6. ...
To elucidate the mechanisms leading to the functional regionalization of the digestive epithelium, lactase expression was analyzed at the protein, mRNA and gene levels, along the intestinal tract at various stages of the rat postnatal development. In the colon of neonates, the transient expression of mRNA and enzyme correlated well with gene transcription. In contrast to the colon, complex patterns were observed in the small intestine. In suckling animals, the mRNA was present at a high level despite the progressive decline of enzyme activity. Crypts were devoid of mRNA and the transcript mainly accumulated in the lower half of the villi. From weaning onwards, a functional regionalization of the epithelium was defined, characterized by the modification of the longitudinal distribution of lactase mRNA. Indeed the transcript remained abundant in the distal duodenum, jejunum and proximal ileum, but decreased in the proximal duodenum and became virtually absent in the distal ileum. Concomitantly, ...
Ancient people might have discovered rennet by storing fresh milk in a bag made from the stomach of a young animal, such as a lamb or calf, and discovering that the milk was changed into creamy lumps (called curds) and a liquid (called whey). Being adventurous souls, they tried the curds and whey and found that they were edible and perhaps even tasty. At any rate, the process preserved the milk so that it did not spoil so quickly. Humans soon realized that something in the lining of the fourth stomach of suckling animals caused this curdling effect and began to use this substance, called rennet.. ...
A three-meter monolith topped with an oversized limestone piglet betrays Mealhadas standing as Portugals suckling pig central.
A study has been made of the lesions produced in suckling mice by the following viruses: Powers, Matulaitis, DeMole, Kine, McCarthy, Conn. 5, Ohio R, High Point, WS No. 4, EMC, and Col. SK.. Pathologic alterations have been found in myocardium, lungs, liver, pancreas, thymus, brain and spinal cord, adipose tissue, and skeletal muscles.. A comparison of the lesions produced by the individual strains has disclosed certain differential features which are discussed in detail. Within the group of so called Coxsackie viruses, myositis has not proved to be a constant finding, and it may occur in suckling mice infected with other types of virus.. ...
A virus has been recovered from the feces of two children having symptoms similar to those of poliomyelitis. The virus is pathogenic for suckling mice and hamsters but not for rhesus monkeys. It induces striking lesions in the skeletal muscles of the experimental animal but not in the central nervous system. Other viruses inducing similar signs and lesions in suckling mice have been isolated from several other outbreaks of a poliomyelitis-like disease, including one large urban epidemic.. ...
CZECH REPUBLIC - Vetrimoxin LA administered to suckling piglets 24 hours after birth decreased significantly the mortality in the pre-weaning period from almost 15 per cent to 9.7 per cent, according to R. Krejci and A. Lopex of Ceva in France and J. Malasek, a veterinary consultant in the Czech Republic.
Measurement of virulence of aeromonads using a suckling mouse model of infection (pages 233-241). C.Y.F. Wong, G. Mayrhofer, M.W. Heuzenroeder, H.M. Atkinson, D.M. Quinn and R.L.P. Flower. Version of Record online: 17 JAN 2006 , DOI: 10.1111/j.1574-695X.1996.tb00089.x. ...
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Nagai, J; Lee, A J.; and Hickman, C G., "Comparison of preweaning growth of inbred, f1 hybrid and random- -bred mice. Abstr." (1970). Subject Strain Bibliography 1970. 2018 ...
He lost weight after the birth and my milk coming in was delayed by him not suckling and sleeping too much. i double pump after each feed so he gets supplement through a syringe. problem is he forgets how to suck after feeding from syringe so its a vicious circle! ive so much milk and cannot spend hours on feeding him as my other two children are totally neglected. birth weight 3kg680 he went down to 3kg290 hes currently at 3kg460 i pump betwen 70-100ml after each feed is there any
Health,...Breast-feeding releases oxytocin involved in bonding release of milk...FRIDAY July 18 (HealthDay News) -- How do infants and mothers bond b...Researchers have discovered that babies nursing at their mothers brea...Recent research has found oxytocin to be involved in trust and love in...,Suckling,Infant,Triggers,Trust,Hormone,in,Moms,medicine,medical news today,latest medical news,medical newsletters,current medical news,latest medicine news
Serra, Andrea and Mele, Marcello and La Comba, Francesca and Conte, Giuseppe and Buccioni, Arianna and Secchiari, Pier Lorenzo (2009) Conjugated Linoleic Acid (CLA) content of meat from three muscles of Massese suckling lambs slaughtered at different weights. Meat Science, 81/200 (2). pp. 396-404. ISSN 0309-1740. ...
Immunocrit results correlated well with results from a more complicated and expensive traditional method-protein A sepharose combined with electrophoresis-in detecting piglets that had not nursed at all.. In another study, using more than 2,000 piglets, researchers found that the immunocrit could predict preweaning survival. They also noted a connection between immunocrit measurements and piglet weight: Heavier piglets were more likely to survive the challenge of not getting colostrum within the critical time frame.. Enhancing Management Practices. The immunocrit can be used to test management practices, such as split suckling, and other strategies used by swine producers to help prevent colostrum deficiency, Vallet says.. Split suckling is a labor-intensive method that involves marking the first-born group of piglets, putting them aside, and then allowing the last piglets born uninhibited access to the sow. The practice is designed to improve access to colostrum for later-born piglets, because ...
I have loved many women and men, but I love none better than you." ~ from "To You," Walt Whitman. And now weve eaten of the roasted animal, the goat, the lamb, the calf or suckling pig; weve put our hands into the gunny sack to draw out twine and spangles fallen from the stars. We kissed each other beneath the trees until our teeth echoed with the salt of our desires. We washed away the aftertaste of meat with milk and cinnamon, given each other sweet after sweet after sweet. The trees are tipped with amber and with smoke, and the birds left there are startled into calling- they call out after the day that flickers in its easy goodbye, its love long as arms and shadows. And I too stand on the threshold before I close the door: Come back, come back; I love what I am, emblazoned with your tenderness.. In response to an entry from the Morning Porch.. ...
I hope you all had a good Christmas weekend. The holiday was very kind to us and very rough on pigs: we spent the weekend eating bacon for breakfast, roast pork for lunch, lechón asado (yes, grilled suckling pig) for dinner. It was less like Christmas and more like a pagan slaughter-festival.. Through all of this, my two-year-old boy was the leader. He was the first to announce or at least admit to hunger. Hes shaking off the last remnants of pneumonia, and even through his sickness, his appetite barely wavered. He sits in his booster seat, eyeing his food, asking "whats dat?" and without waiting for a response, shovels great spoonfuls (or handfuls) of it into his mouth. Eating is the one thing he does with concentration and passion, every time.. Before I had kids, I would have maybe been concerned about all this gluttony. I would have wondered if Nico would end up like that poor superobese three-year-old I remember seeing someone cart around the Puyallup Fair back when we lived in Seattle. ...
Mike Isabellas small-plates Greek taverna. Make spit-roasted baby goat, lemon-marinated lamb, or suckling pig the center of your meal, with stone-baked flatbreads and spiked lemonade on the side.
I like crispy pork. I can imagine viewers watching this episode and thinking that Stefan was sent home because "Tom just must not care for crispy pork." This couldnt be further from the truth. I like -- and like to make -- crispy pork, but thats not what Stefan gave us. What Stefan made was beyond crispy; it was hard. And it was hard because it was improperly prepared.. The problem was this: if youre making suckling pig and the skin isnt so thick, you can leave it on, and it will get crispy. But if youre preparing pork belly from a bigger animal (and you can tell from the thickness of the belly that its an older animal), you need to do one of two things. Either you remove the skin and let the underlying layer get crispy, or, if you want to leave the skin on, you do the following: while youre first braising it, you need to make sure the entire pork is submerged in the braising liquid so that the skin gets moist. Then, when you reheat it, leave just the top surface above the liquid, and ...
MAIWASHE, A. et al. Estimates of lactation curve parameters for Bonsmara and Nguni cattle using the weigh-suckle-weigh technique. S. Afr. j. anim. sci. [online]. 2013, vol.43, suppl.1, pp.s12-s16. ISSN 2221-4062.. ...
my letdown is not really working! my poor patient baby tried for over an hour with just one letdown on one side. i ended up feeding him pumped milk from the prev day, but i cant either pump anything now bc of the inhibited letdown. :-( this happens at least 1x/day. i am already on zoloft, so what else can i do? I am trying ot get Oxytocin nasal spray - does that help?
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Evolution devised an ingenious way to bond infant to mother: proteins in milk that break down into peptides that have opiate-like drug effects. But what if a breastfeeding mother is herself effectively suckling by still drinking milk into adulthood?....... ...
Augie Doggie was a cute name when he was suckling but as he matured he had to change his name to August Dog so he wouldnt get beat up so often. ...
托斯卡尼釀酒師從過去幾年的經驗中學到許多新技術。即使葡萄生長季的氣候不佳,釀酒師們依然有能力降低不良因素,維持葡萄酒的高品質, James Suckling報導。
Background Diet plays a role on the development of the immune system, and polyunsaturated fatty acids can modulate the expression of a variety of genes. Human milk contains conjugated linoleic acid (CLA), a fatty acid that seems to contribute to immune development. Indeed, recent studies carried out in our group in suckling animals have shown that the immune function is enhanced after feeding them with an 80:20 isomer mix composed of c9,t11 and t10,c12 CLA. However, little work has been done on the effects of CLA on gene expression, and even less regarding immune system development in early life. Results The expression profile of mesenteric lymph nodes from animals supplemented with CLA during gestation and suckling through dams milk (Group A) or by oral gavage (Group B), supplemented just during suckling (Group C) and control animals (Group D) was determined with the aid of the specific GeneChip® Rat Genome 230 2.0 (Affymettrix). Bioinformatics analyses were performed using the GeneSpring GX ...
Abstract We studied the influence of diet during diarrhea on gut mucosal barrier in a suckling rat model. Rat pups were inoculated with IDIR virus (a group B rotavirus) at 10 d of ..
The effects of the recommended dose of 200 mg iron and of half that dose injected on the first day of life on health, iron status and performance during the 4 week suckling period were studied in 2123 piglets. All piglets received creep feed and soil which was supplemented with 14 g iron per kg. Neither mortality nor the prevalence of arthritis, meningitis and foot abscess (each disease affecting about 1% of the piglets) differed between the two groups. The low dose of 100 mg iron decreased blood haemoglobin concentration at weaning (110 ± 19 vs.120 ± 15 g/l), but did not affect growth rate.. ...
Recently while driving north on the New York State Thruway I passed the exit for the town of Coxsackie, NY (population 8,884). I grabbed my camera and photographed the exit sign, and reminded myself to write about the virus named after this small town.. In the summer of 1947 there were several small outbreaks of poliomyelitis in upstate New York. Gilbert Dalldorf, the director of the Wadsworth Laboratory in Albany, NY, and his associate Grace M. Sickles investigated this outbreak. In particular they sought polioviruses that could replicate in mice. This search was motivated by the fact that research on poliovirus required the use of monkeys which were extremely expensive. Dalldorf had attended the Fourth International Congress for Microbiology in 1947 where he heard that very young mice - suckling mice - could readily be infected with Theilers virus.. Dalldorf and Sickles made fecal suspensions from two children suspected of having poliomyelitis, and inoculated these into adult and suckling ...
This gallery of images is a collection of photographs taken by Carl Donohue. All images on this site remain the property of Carl Donohue Photography and Skolai Images, and are fully protected by federal and international copyright laws. Any unauthorized use is strictly prohibited, and any reproduction copying, manipulation, alteration, saving or distribution of these images will be prosecuted to the full extent of the law. All images are available for licensed use; to do so, please contact [email protected] or at phone # (770) 952 4549. ...
Journal of Immunology Research is a peer-reviewed, Open Access journal that provides a platform for scientists and clinicians working in different areas of immunology and therapy. The journal publishes research articles, review articles, as well as clinical studies related to classical immunology, molecular immunology, clinical immunology, cancer immunology, transplantation immunology, immune pathology, immunodeficiency, autoimmune diseases, immune disorders, and immunotherapy.
Ample evidence indicates that drinking alcohol during pregnancy poses a severe and avoidable risk to unborn babies. The risks of drinking alcohol while breastfeeding, however, are not well defined. Currently, some mothers are still advised by physicians, nurses, lactation consultants, family members, and friends that it is all right to drink,1 even though an acceptable level of alcohol in breast milk has never been established. Alcohol consumed by a mother passes easily into her breast milk at concentrations similar to those found in her bloodstream. A nursing infant is actually exposed to only a fraction of the alcohol the mother ingests,2 but infants detoxify alcohol in their first weeks of life at only half the rate of adults.3 Several proven or potential adverse effects of alcohol on suckling infants have been reported, even after exposure to only moderate levels: impaired motor development,4 changes in sleep patterns,5 decrease in milk intake,6 and risk of hypoglycemia.7 In addition, ...
BACKGROUND: Maturity of intestinal functions is critical for neonatal health and survival, but comprehensive description of mechanisms underlying intestinal maturation that occur during late gestation still remain poorly characterized. The aim of this study was to investigate biological processes specifically involved in intestinal maturation by comparing fetal jejunal transcriptomes of two representative porcine breeds (Large White, LW; Meishan, MS) with contrasting neonatal vitality and maturity, at two key time points during late gestation (gestational days 90 and 110). MS and LW sows inseminated with mixed semen (from breed LW and MS) gave birth to both purebred and crossbred fetuses. We hypothesized that part of the differences in neonatal maturity between the two breeds results from distinct developmental profiles of the fetal intestine during late gestation. Reciprocal crossed fetuses were used to analyze the effect of parental genome. Transcriptomic data and 23 phenotypic variables known to be
This suckling behaviour is thought to be re-oriented to become a useful pacifying gesture. A human analogy is to consider young children thumb-sucking to self-soothe -- imagine if they licked our faces instead when they felt a bit unsure or stressed! Dogs have been seen to use licking as a type of appeasement behaviour - often interpreted by people as intended to reduce tension or apologise. This kind of pacifying lick can be self directed in the absence of other dogs or people, and in extreme cases, can even be a self-mutilation health issue. ...
Suckling, A J.; Jagelman, S; and Webb, H E., "Immunoglobulin synthesis in nude (nu/nu), nu/+ and reconstituted nu/nu mice infected with a demyelinating strain of semliki forest virus." (1982). Subject Strain Bibliography 1982. 3033 ...
Disrupting the microbial colonization sequence by use of broad-spectrum antibiotics in pediatric care has been shown to modulate the expression of important GI developmental-related genes (28). In addition, there appears to be a correlation between antibiotic treatment after birth and development of allergy (24), but the influence of antibiotic therapy during the neonatal period on development of the digestive and immune function of the gut has not been investigated thoroughly.. The findings of the present study, using the neonatal rat model, show that an increased level of Enterobacteriaceae during the suckling period has an impact on the GI growth and development. The stomach weight was decreased in the antibiotic group of pups, and both the E. coli and the antibiotic groups had a decreased HCl secretion, reflecting a decreased growth and functional maturation of the stomach. This may weaken the animals defense against ingested pathogenic bacteria. Germ-free rats have been found to have ...
The parasite Cystoisospora suis affects suckling pigs causing severe intestinal problems, such as diarrhoea. Scientists at the University of Veterinary Medicine, Vienna (Vetmeduni) have now shown that antibodies against Cystoisospora ...
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It was a very great event, that a dinner for as many as ten people should be given at Hartfield on a dark and early February evening, but all the invitations were accepted, and the Eltons, the Sucklings, and the Westons, as well as Miss Bates, joined the Knightleys and Mr. Woodhouse, in being seated around a table with sufficient abundance and variety of food placed upon it, as to make Mr. Woodhouse very uneasy.. "Upon my word," said Miss Bates, "this is quite - I never saw a more brilliant table, Mrs. Knightley. Goose, and pheasants, and such a pudding of larks! Goodness me! Did you ever see the like, Mrs. Weston? You, Mrs. Suckling, used as you are to great spreads, may not be surprised at the sight, but I assure you, living in such a small way as I do, I am quite overcome. But no one ever had such neighbors - shall I really have some of the gooses breast, Mr. Woodhouse? and juniper berry sauce? Do you not consider it too rich?". "Indeed I do think goose is a meat no stomach can bear," said ...
I guess it was only a matter of time before I blogged about James Sucklings new online shtick. I really tried not to. I figured enough people were going to be putting him through the crapper, so why add to the pile? Besides, James seems like a nice enough guy (I met him once or twice back in the day), and he had the cojones to leave a well-paying job and go out on his own. (Somebody at Spectator told me how much he made there-yes, I have spies everywhere-and I wont repeat it here because its hearsay, but lets just say, it was a lot. No, make that A LOT!). But Ive now changed my mind and decided to write about him. What brought about this change? Simple.. I CANT STAND WHAT HES DOING. IT MAKES ME HURL.. In the millions of words Ive written on this blog, Ive never shouted in CAPS, and now look what Suckling has made me do. Ive shouted TWICE. No, FOUR TIMES! Wait…take a deep breath, Heimoff. Center yourself. Ommmmmm….wheres my Valium?. O.K. Im back. So we were talking about James. As ...
A team led by biologists at The Scripps Research Institute has solved the long-standing scientific mystery of how mice first know to nurse or suckle.
3 month old baby milk intake - What is the average milk intake of a 2 to 3 month old baby? 2-4 ounces. Every 3-4 hours of formula.
One litter of 12 piglets was used in a completely random design to evaluate the effects of hydrocortisone acetate injections on organ weight and carbohydrase activities. Dams milk was the only food source available to the ...
In some areas milk is only collected in the morning in which case the calf can join its dam for suckling after the morning milking till midday. From then on until the next morning milking, calf and dam remain separated.
According to the latest study released by Technavio, the global fat replacers market is expected to grow at a CAGR of more than 6% through 2021.
A baby mouse is called a mouse pup or a pinky. The term pup is more commonly used. The term pinky is typically used to refer to baby mice that are sold as feed for pet...
SUMMARY Eighteen Massese male lambs, fed mainly maternal milk were slaughtered at 11, 14 and 17 kg. Samples of Longissimus Dorsi (LD), Triceps Brachii (TB) and Semimembranosus (Sm) muscles were collected. Milk from the lambs dams was sampled weekly. Fatty acid composition of milk and meat was determined. TB was the fattest muscle, Sm the leanest one and LD showed an intermediate value of total lipids, while the weight at slaughter did not influence total intramuscular fat content in any muscle. Although slaughter weight slightly affected overall fatty acid composition of muscles, rumenic acid and total CLA content in TB and Sm, but not in LD, significantly increased with slaughter weight. As regard milk fatty acid composition, the contents of total CLA, RA and others minor CLA isomers decreased during the first four weeks after lambing and then increased at the last control (five weeks). The animals slaughtered at a live weight of 14 and 17 kg showed a greater SCD enzyme activity (estimated by ...
0078]It has been found that when both a lactating sow and supplemental liquid feed are both provided within areas accessible by the piglets, the piglets will consume the warmer sows milk first and will only choose the cooler liquid feed when the sows milk is restricted or unavailable. This allows for the optimum utilization of the sows milk with resulting improvement in sow performance. Sow performance is measured by reduced reproductive performance due to extra stress caused by constant production of large quantity of milk for the piglets during the entire lactation period and constant suckling by the piglets. Feeding piglets with supplemental milk results in improvement of the sows reproductive function due to lack of suckling by the piglets as well as reduced amount of milk production during lactation. Use of the system to provide supplemental feed also improves piglet growth rate, specifically for small piglets which may not be able to compete sufficiently to get adequate amount of the ...
An experiment was conducted with 30 lactating sows to determine the effects of high fat lactation diets on the body composition of suckling pigs and sow backfat composition. Sows were provided a lactation diet containing either zero or 10% tallow on an ad libitum basis for a 21-day lactation. No differences in feed intake during lactation were observed, although sows fed tallow consumed more metabolizable energy per day than control sows. Composition of backfat samples taken at weaning from sows suggested an increase in the amount of fatty acid synthesis in adipose tissue of control sows. Sows fed tallow weaned heavier litters, however, body composition of these pigs indicated this increased weight was almost exclusively fat. Additional research is required to determine the effects of this change in body composition in pigs at weaning on their subsequent performance and body composition.
There are few studies on the effects of MgSO4 supplementation on sow and litter performance during late gestation and lactation. In our study, no significant differences were observed in the pregnancy parameters (litter size, litter weight) among the treatments, which may suggest that MgSO4 had no effects on the growth and development of fetuses during late gestation. Rattanatayarom et al. (2000) reported that pregnancy parameters were not adversely affected in sows supplemented with magnesium-L-aspartate hydrochloride daily at a dose of 13 mg Mg per kg BW starting 0 to 4 days before mating. The present data indicated that the average piglet weaning weight and ADG during the suckling period were not affected by adding MgSO4, but the survival percentage and the litter weight at weaning were declined linearly with increasing level of MgSO4. On the contrary, Trawńska et al. (2013) reported that the feeding of pregnant sows with the addition of MgCl2·6H20 (1 g/100 kg BW/d), which constituted 120 ...
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Mammary gland produces milk after birth due to hormones. Even beyond the suckling period, however, may occur in a woman discharge from the nipples, that may not be indicative of any disease, but it is good to always consult a gynecologist. Sided milk spout off the suckling period (ie without birth or at intervals of six months of breastfeeding) is called galactorrhea. The most common causes are certain medications such as birth control. The cause, however, also can be high levels of the hormone prolactin, and should therefore determine its value in the blood. Prolactin is released into the blood from the pituitary (hypophysis) in which can form benign tumors, which uncontrolled produce hormones. Another cause of galactorrhea may be thyroid disorders, chronic renal failure, or to detect the cause. A special form is the neonatal galactorrhoea, which occurs in newborn due to stimulation of the mothers gland hormones. Galactorrhoea may also occur around the time of menopause due to hormonal changes. If the
Your next question asked was/is milk protein worse than other proteins. About 80% of the protein found in milk is casein. Now milk is an interesting topic because we humans are the only species that consume milk beyond our infancy; and also the only species that consumes other species milk. In nature, you do not see a calf suckling on a deer teat, or a pig suckling on a cow teat, well, you get my point Im sure. I have a problem with milk in general because as an adult, we probably shouldnt be consuming milk in the first place. Many people have milk allergies and this is due to the casein found in milk. Another problem is that some studies have suggested a link between milk proteins and autoimmune diseases, such as type 1 diabetes. I generally tell my patients to avoid milk ...
Stock Photo 1747R-17633: Download Donkey foal suckling Stock Photos. Search over 12 million royalty free images and rights managed stock photography
Dr. Bruce N Suckling, MD, rated 4.9/5 by patients. 11 reviews, Phone number & practice locations, Pulmonologist in Colorado Springs, CO.
During the first 4 feedings behaviours, time spent on feeding and amount fed were observed and analyzed. Behaviours were analyzed from video-recordings during the treatment (first colostrum feeding) but also 30 minutes after treatment, when the calf was left alone. During the 2nd-4th feeding the behaviours were analyzed from both direct observations and video-recordings, the same person did all the behavioral observations. The behavioural data, time spent on feeding and amount fed were analyzed with the Kruskal-Wallis test and birthweight were tested with the Shapiro-Wilk W test and analyzed with one-way ANOVA. Number of attempts to feed during the first feeding were significantly (p=0.004) lower for calves fed with an OT compared to both the other groups. There was a tendency (p=0.07) that calves fed with an OT vocalized more during the first feeding. Calves from both the bottle- and the suckling group lied down earlier than calves from the OT group. Calves from the suckling group lied down ...
Nutri-Cal® Kitten Milk Replacer is a nutritionally complete supplement with colostrum that provides extra nutrition and temporary immunity against some diseases. 50 g.
PetAg KMR Powder Milk Replacer For Kittens - A complete food source for orphaned or rejected kittens or those nursing, but needing supplemental
Norman et al. NormanVRWS1999 used daily milk weights for Canadian cows and monthly test records of U.S. cows to estimate phenotypic correlations between test days within herd-year. They found that correlations between daily yields for a designated interval between test days generally were highest for mid-lactation and were lowest for early and late lactation. Seven possible sources of variation were examined and the resulting models for first- and later parities each included 3 sources of variation. The addition of more terms to the model generally improved fit, but gains often were very small. In addition to updating autoregressive parameters to account for changes in the shape of lactation curves over the last several years a simpler model for computing correlations matrices was developed. Cole et al. ColeVRD2007 estimated correlations among test day yields using a simplified model that included an identity matrix ( ...
Kargar, S.; Ghorbani, G. R.; Khorvash, M.; and Schingoethe, D. J., "Feeding behavior and lactational performance in response to reciprocal combinations of barley and corn grains in the diets of Holstein cows." (2013). Dairy Science Publication Database. 1275 ...
Recent research indicated that using gelatinisation during cereal product production for piglets results in a rapid reduction in viscosity and optimal nutrient intake in the small intestine. All these positive effects lead to faster growth and a better health status for the piglets.
Shows a group of Maori women laughing and gossiping outside a whare. One woman has a baby on her back, one has a puppy on her knee and an elderly woman stands in front of the seated group, telling them the latest scandal. To the right, a sow is suckling her litter.. ...
Breastfeeding is still a work in progress, but has improved immensely. For the first 3 weeks, we tried the boob occasionally with a nipple shield but rarely met with anything but frustration (both of us) and pain (me). I pumped and Ishka took her feedings by bottle. Then, on 4/13, it was if a switch had been flipped and she suddenly latched onto the nipple shield and took her meals directly from the source. We have moments now when my nipples dont cooperate or when she doesnt seem to actually get anything from suckling (for up to an hour) and we revert to a bottle of brest milk and a pumping session now and then, but 85% of her meals are bottle-free now. Unfortunately, the excrutiating pain is often still there so the decision to take a feeding by bottle is sometimes for the sake of comfort. The encouragement we found in our one visit so far to the local support group was fabulous, so well be attending weekly with the intention of sticking with breastfeeding for at least 6 months ...
Whatever the cost of the average bottle of wine on your dinner table, its a safe bet that its less than $360. And yet that total-$360-is the average cost of a bottle of the top wine made by the producers featured in wine critic James Sucklings first promotional video for his new website ...
CopRice produce high quality extruded and pelleted feeds that are based on highly nutritious ingredients for a variety of animals
Gastanberra means coagulated ewes milk in the Pays Basque, which is the region where this cheese is produced. The cheese is sold in an earthenware pot and it tastes like solidified milk. It has a fat content of 45 - 50 per cent.
The joint SACN-COT benefit-risk assessment concludes that overall, at a population level, the potential benefits of using potassium-based sodium replacers to help reduce sodium in foods outweigh the potential risks. The beneficial effects at an individual level are likely to be small in size but will impact a large proportion of the population.. Read the full report via this link.. ...
Give 2 quarts solution to calves and foals twice daily for the first two days, then on days 3 and 4, mix 1 qt. solution with 1 qt. milk or milk replacer ...
edit: Start to be on the lookout for a "job" that you can give the pup when they get a bit older. It should be something that the pup does naturally, and you will usually see them trend towards some behavior. In your case, I would guess herding. Which, can be tricky if you dont actually have a herd, but there are ways to still get the same "work" without having such resources. For some, its tracking, some its as simple as "fetch ...
Microsomal triglyceride transfer protein (MTP) is a heterodimeric protein consisting of a unique 97 kDa subunit and protein disulphide isomerase, that mediates the transfer of lipid between membranes and nascent lipoproteins. Mutations in the gene encoding the 97 kDa subunit of the protein cause the rare autosomal recessive disorder abetalipoproteinaemia. Recent findings in cultured cells indicate that the 5′ promoter region contains an insulin-responsive element, suggesting that the gene is responsive to insulin regulation. In this study we examined two cases where very-low-density lipoprotein (VLDL) secretion is markedly reduced: the streptozotocin-diabetic rat and 10-day-old suckling rats. In both cases MTP activity was unaltered compared with that in control animals. Equal levels of MTP were also apparent in the livers of all groups of animals, as measured by immunoblotting with an anti-MTP antiserum. These findings indicate that factors other than MTP activity are responsible for the ...
Pneumocystis in sick piglets of all age groups. The researchers began by testing stored tissue samples of sick piglets for the presence of the fungus and other pathogens. Pneumocystis was detected in piglets of all ages. In suckling piglets, only the fungus was detected in lung tissue. The older the piglets, the more bacteria could be detected. Pneumocystis itself was no longer as prevalent as in the suckling piglets. The fungus, however, appeared to have proliferated before the bacterial pathogens. This suggests that the fungus plays a role as a door opener for secondary infections. First the fungus spreads along the alveolar walls. From there it proliferates and fills the alveolar spaces. As a result, the lung tissue receives insufficient oxygen and bacteria can reproduce better in the damaged tissue, explains Christiane Weissenbacher-Lang of the Institute for Pathology and Forensic Veterinary Medicine, describing the possible progression of the infection. Fungus detectable in living pigs ...
The plasma concentration of glucose was monitored for six hours in lambs fed either ewe colostrum, cow colostrum or milk replacer by stomach tube at one hour of age. The feeding of ewe colostrum resulted in an elevation of the mean (+/- se) plasma glucose concentration from 2 . 6 +/- 0 . 3 mmol/litre before feeding to 7 . 3 +/- 0 . 92 mmol/litre three hours after feeding and this elevation was maintained. A similar rise was observed in the lambs fed cow colostrum but this was of shorter duration. A marked hyperglycaemia was observed after the feeding of milk replacer with a maximum value of 23 . 4 +/- 1 . 33 mmol/litre three hours after feeding. The practical implications of these results are discussed.. ...
Striking changes in the fuel supply to the tissues occur during the perinatal period because the transplacental supply of nutrients ends with a period of postnatal starvation (presuckling period) followed by adaptation to a fat-rich diet.". [...]. "Ketone bodies are a major fuel for the brain during the suckling period and hence the stimulation of ketogenesis at birth is an important metabolic event in adaptation of the newborn to extrauterine life. Ketogenesis is active during late gestation in human fetal liver and the activity of ketogenic enzymes sharply increases immediately after birth in the rat (Hahn and Novak, 1985; Bougneres et al., 1986). In addition to modulation of enzyme activities, the control of ketogenesis also depends on the availability of fatty acids. The increase in fatty acid concentrations that occurs after delivery is due to breakdown of triacylglycerol in white adipose tissue present in human newborns at birth. In the rat, however, plasma fatty acids mostly come from ...
The aim of the present study was to determine whether early weaning-induced growth retardation could be attenuated by increased consumption of methionine as dl-methionine (DLM) or dl-2-hydroxy-4-methylthiobutyrate (HMTBA) in both lactating sows and weaned piglets. Therefore, diets containing DLM and HMTBA at 25 % of the total sulphur-containing amino acids (AA) present in the control (CON) diet were fed to lactating sows and weaned piglets and their responses were evaluated. Compared with the CON diet-fed sows, the HMTBA diet-fed sows exhibited a tendency (P, 0·10) towards higher plasma taurine concentrations and the DLM diet-fed sows had higher (P, 0·05) plasma taurine concentrations, but lower (P, 0·05) isoleucine concentrations. Suckling piglets in the HMTBA treatment group had higher (P, 0·05) intestinal reduced glutathione (GSH) content, lower (P, 0·05) oxidised glutathione (GSSG):GSH ratio, and higher (P, 0·05) plasma cysteine and glutathione peroxidase (GPx) activity than those in ...
The discussion about castration of piglets with anaesthetics is not confined to the Netherlands. In Switzerland, Norway and Belgium the topic is gaining ground again. The Dutch intend on lobbying the EU to completely ban the practice of castration altogether.
This essay is focused on breastfeeding as a cardinal public wellness issue in wellness publicity in obstetrics pattern. After showing a instance survey affecting a client who has a possible breastfeeding issue. the purpose will is to accomplish a positive result utilizing wellness publicity theoretical accounts. Relevant theories and literature are so explored and the deductions for obstetrics pattern and attention be aftering critically evaluated. The protection. publicity and support of suckling are one a critical convern in public wellness throughout Europe. It is widely acknowledged that low rates and early surcease of suckling have of import wellness and societal deductions for adult females. kids and the community as a whole. As the World Health Organization ( WHO ) studies. wellness publicity is the procedure of enabling people to increase control over. and to better. their wellness. It moves beyond a focal point on single behavior towards a broad scope of societal and environmental ...
Learn about Small Animal Milk Replacer Powder for animal usage including: active ingredients, directions for use, precautions, and storage information.
During the first 8 to 10 weeks of life, kittens have specific needs for nourishment, warmth, socialization, and excretion. If you find orphaned kittens younger than 8 to 10 weeks of age, take them to a veterinarian immediately. Your veterinarian can give you advice on caring for them and might be able to give you contact information for animal rescue groups. For more information, see the Care Guide titled "Caring for Orphaned Kittens.". The following information pertains to caring for kittens that are at least eight to 10 weeks of age, the time at which they can safely be taken from their mother and littermates. For optimal social development, a kitten should remain with its mother and/or littermates until 12 weeks of age. A kitten that is taken from its mother before weaning is complete may develop the troublesome behavior of suckling on nearby items or fingers.. Feeding. Proper nutrition is especially important for kittens, which need two to three times as many calories and nutrients as adult ...
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David Suckling, a police officer in Alexandria, New Hampshire, was hospitalized after being exposed to a powerful opiate during a traffic stop.
The lactation period runs from two weeks after calving until drying off. Cows are at risk of new infections from contagious or environmental bacteria at every milking during this time.
My cat all of a sudden started pooping right outside the box on the litter box mat. He is 10 years old and has never had any problems with the litter box
For COUPONS, reviews, directions, payment info and more on Lactation Center at Monroe, NC, . More business profiles located here for Monroe
One of our ewes had twin lambs last night. They are the weakest Ive ever seen. Not only do they not stand up, they flop right over when handled and cant
For larger calves or those requiring more energy, mix 3 scoops (150 g) Diakur®Plus in 3 litres of warm water, milk or milk replacer ...
A reciprocal cross-fostering model with an obese typical Chinese piglet breed and a lean Western breed was used to identify genetic and maternal effects on the ...
Human rotavirus (RV) infection is a leading cause of dehydrating diarrhea in infants and young children worldwide. Since therapeutic approaches to RV gastroenteritis are limited to alleviation of dehydration with oral rehydration solutions, more direct approaches to palliate symptoms of RV gastroenteritis are required. Treatments with probiotics have been increasingly recognized as alternative safe and low cost treatments for moderate infectious diarrhea. In this study, Bifidobacterium bifidum G9-1 (BBG9-1), which has been used as an intestinal drug for several decades, was shown to have a remarkable protective effect against RV gastroenteritis in a suckling mice model. As well as prophylactic oral administration of BBG9-1 from 2 days before RV infection, therapeutic oral administration of BBG9-1 from 1 day after RV infection significantly alleviated RV-induced diarrhea. Therapeutic administration of BBG9-1 reduced various types of damage in the small intestine, such as epithelial vacuolization and
Typically, central milk recording data from dairy herds are recorded less than monthly. Over-fitting early in lactation periods is a challenge, which we explored in different ways by reducing the number of parameters needed to describe the milk yield and somatic cell count of individual cows. Furthermore, we investigated how the parameters of lactation models correlate between parities and from dam to offspring. The aim of the study was to provide simple and robust models for cow level milk yield and somatic cell count (SCC) for fitting to sparse data to parameterise herd- and cow-specific simulation of dairy herds.Data from 610 Danish Holstein herds were used to determine parity traits in milk production regarding milk yield and SCC of individual cows. Parity was stratified in first, second and third and higher for milk, and first to sixth and higher for SCC. Fitting of herd level parameters allowed for cow level lactation curves with three, two or one-parameters per lactation. Correlations of milk
METHODS: This study examines whole blood glutathione peroxidase (GPX) in depression and in ME/CFS; GPX is an enzyme that reduces hydroperoxides by oxidizing glutathione and consequently protects the cells from oxidative damage. Blood was sampled in 39 patients with depression, 40 patients with ME/CFS and 24 normal volunteers. Whole blood was analysed for GPX activity using the Ransel assay (Randox). Severity of illness was measured by means of the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDRS) and the Fibromyalgia and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Rating Scale (FF scale ...
Mothers with previous breast surgery that cut some of the nerves, milk-making tissue, or milk ducts, may have difficulty producing enough milk to fully feed a baby.. Other factors can also lead to insufficient milk production. Maternal smoking has been shown to result in less milk. Some medications and herbal preparations have a negative effect on the amount of milk produced. Hormonal forms of birth control, especially any containing estrogen, have been found to have a big impact on milk production. However, some mothers report a drop in milk production after receiving/taking a progestin-only contraceptive during the first four to eight weeks after delivery (postpartum). Milk production may also decrease if you become pregnant again.. If insufficient milk production seems to be a problem, yet the baby seems to be sucking effectively, your physician or certified lactation consultant (IBCLC) may recommend the following:. ...
Data & statistics on Annual Growth in Milk Production and Total World Output: Annual Growth in Milk Production and Total World Output, Annual Growth in Milk Production and Total World Output, Production of major crops and commodities, 2006 Cereal production and yield Fruit total (excluding melons) production (000 MT) Vegetable total (including melons) production (000 MT) Meat and milk production Fisheries status of Asia-Pacific region Poverty reduction elasticities of agricultural growth Thematic focus of national agricultural research in Southeast Asia, 2002/2003 Thematic focus of the ......
Dear Curious about human milk,. This gives a whole new meaning to a milk moustache doesnt it? Human milk is primarily made up of protein, fat, lactose, vitamins, and minerals. Its said to taste a lot like skim milk from cows - thin, with a low fat content. Like many other bodily fluids, tastes and textures may vary depending on the persons recent food intake as well as unique body flavor profiles.. As far as milk production is concerned, during pregnancy, hormones from the placenta stimulate the cells in the breast to create sac-like structures called lobules that produce and store milk. After birth, the mother produces the prolactin hormone to maintain the changes in the breast, and to continue producing milk. An infant suckling on the breast stimulates prolactin release, so the more the infant nurses, the more milk is produced.. You havent mentioned exactly where you plan to attain this human milk. Is your girlfriend pregnant, or is she planning to become pregnant soon? If not, its ...

Bovine colostrum is a health food supplement which prevents NSAID induced gut damage | GutBovine colostrum is a health food supplement which prevents NSAID induced gut damage | Gut

Data are expressed as the percentage reduction in villus height of indomethacin treated animals compared with animals given the ... and growth factors for the suckling neonate. Some studies suggest it may be of value in eliminating infection and stimulating ... Similar changes were seen in animals which had received the 5% or 10% milk or the 5% colostrum solution. Animals receiving 10% ... Animals were killed 24 hours after indomethacin as we have previously shown that this is the time of maximal damage.9 In order ...
more infohttp://gut.bmj.com/content/44/5/653

Colostrum Management for Dairy Calves | Animal & Food SciencesColostrum Management for Dairy Calves | Animal & Food Sciences

... mostly due to the delay in suckling. Recent studies have found 46%-61% of calves fail to suckle in the first 6 hours after ... Calves should not be left on the cow to nurse as these animals experience an exceptionally high rate of failure of passive ... Additionally, cows with a dry period of less than 45 days often have poor-quality colostrum as well as those animals that ... According to the 2007 National Animal Health Monitoring System survey, approximately 19% of dairy heifer calves in the US had ...
more infohttp://afs.ca.uky.edu/dairy/colostrum-management-dairy-calves

Great deals from Lapwater Aquatics in  | eBay ShopsGreat deals from Lapwater Aquatics in | eBay Shops

Pet Feeding Bottle or Small Animal Suckling Syringe Pup.... £3.99. Postage:Free ...
more infohttp://stores.ebay.co.uk/Lapwater-Aquatics/_i.html?_fsub=2971669017

Human-animal breastfeeding - WikipediaHuman-animal breastfeeding - Wikipedia

... human females sometimes breastfeed young animals, and animals are used to suckle babies and children. Animals were used as ... Suckling of animals by humans[edit]. Terracotta feeding bottles surviving from the third millennium BC in Sumeria indicate that ... The suckling of animals by infants was a repeated theme in classical mythology. Most famously, twin brothers Romulus and Remus ... Suckling directly was preferable to milking an animal and giving the milk, as contamination by microbes during the milking ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Human%E2%80%93animal_breastfeeding

Programming of cholesterol metabolism by breast or formula feeding.Programming of cholesterol metabolism by breast or formula feeding.

Animals. Animals, Suckling. Breast Feeding*. Cholesterol / metabolism*. Cholesterol, Dietary / adverse effects. Humans. Infant ... Adult baboons breast fed as infants also had an approximately 8% lower cholesterol production rate than formula-fed animals and ... in formula-fed baboons but did not significantly increase the bile acid excretion rate among breast-fed animals. ...
more infohttp://www.biomedsearch.com/nih/Programming-cholesterol-metabolism-by-breast/1855416.html

Possible role of fatty acids in milk as the regulator of the expression of cytosolic binding proteins for fatty acids and...Possible role of fatty acids in milk as the regulator of the expression of cytosolic binding proteins for fatty acids and...

Animals. Animals, Suckling. Cytosol / metabolism. Fatty Acid-Binding Proteins / genetics, metabolism*. Fatty Acids / metabolism ... gradually increased during the suckling period and then sharply declined to a low level at the end of the weaning period. Rat ...
more infohttp://www.biomedsearch.com/nih/Possible-role-fatty-acids-in/18202540.html

Effects of galacto-oligosaccharides on growth and gut function of newborn suckling piglets | Journal of Animal Science and...Effects of galacto-oligosaccharides on growth and gut function of newborn suckling piglets | Journal of Animal Science and...

... piglet growth performance in addition to decreasing the crypt depth and enhancing functional development in jejunum of suckling ... All animal care and procedures were approved by the Animal Care and Use Committee of Nanjing Agricultural University in ... c) The blots of zonula occludens-1 (ZO-1), occludin, and β-actin of the jejunum mucosa in suckling piglets. (d-e) The relative ... a-c) The brush border enzyme activity of the jejuna in suckling piglets. (d-e) The relative mRNA expression of jejunal nutrient ...
more infohttps://jasbsci.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s40104-018-0290-9

Projects - AVM - University of AntwerpProjects - AVM - University of Antwerp

Control animals suckle the sow. After euthanasia of the animals at day 10 or 28, samples of the ileum will be processed for ... Split-suckling involves splitting up the litter into smaller groups which alternately get the chance to suckle colostrum and ... split-suckling, drenching of bioactive substances, and 2 / interventions to prepare for the process of weaning: multi-suckling ... The concept of multi-suckling involves opening the farrowing crates at a certain age of the piglets. This allows the piglets to ...
more infohttps://www.uantwerpen.be/en/research-groups/avm/projects-and-publications/projects/

Dairy Dilemma | T NationDairy Dilemma | T Nation

"No other animal suckles the milk of another species!". Humans are alone in drinking milk during adulthood. And even then, most ...
more infohttps://www.t-nation.com/diet-fat-loss/dairy-dilemma

APOA1 - Apolipoprotein A-I precursor - Sus scrofa (Pig) - APOA1 gene & proteinAPOA1 - Apolipoprotein A-I precursor - Sus scrofa (Pig) - APOA1 gene & protein

Liver apoa-I expressed in fetal, newborn and suckling animals. Intestinal apoA-I only expressed in postpartum animals. ...
more infohttp://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/P18648

Drugs for livestock treatment | Infonet Biovision Home.Drugs for livestock treatment | Infonet Biovision Home.

Treating diarrhoea in suckling animals. Antibiotic for the uterus(Bolus). Treating retained placenta. ... Animal health promotion, welfare and disease prevention (IFOAM Norms) Organic animal husbandry: Breeding, housing and feeding ( ... Rehydration fluid to treat animals with diarrhoea. Drug against ticks (Acaricide). To treat the skin of animals against ticks ... After giving a drug to an animal these substances remain in the animals body for some time until they have been completely ...
more infohttp://infonet-biovision.org/AnimalHealth/Drugs-livestock-treatment

Full text of [Work]Full text of '[Work]'

That animal has her gentle place in Greek art, from the Siren tomb, suckling her young there, as the type of eternal rejuven- ... A cow, far enough from Myrons famous illusive animal, suckles her calf. She is ^ In some fine reliefs of the thirteenth ... he did not for a moment forget that they too were animals, young animals, delighting in natural motion, in free course through ... And this animal sentiment, educating the human hand and heart in her, had become a moral one, when, King Theseus leaving her in ...
more infohttp://www.archive.org/stream/workpater07pateuoft/workpater07pateuoft_djvu.txt

severe mites--need Dex dose quick - Page 8 - Guinea Lynx Forumssevere mites--need Dex dose quick - Page 8 - Guinea Lynx Forums

However, the Ivermectin blood plasma levels of the suckling animals were very small. The indirect, oral ingestion of Ivermectin ... c) the species of animal its administered to. d) the sex of the animal. e) the physiological status of the animal (lactating, ... However, the Ivermectin blood plasma levels of the suckling animals were very small. The indirect, oral ingestion of Ivermectin ... It is a much lower dose than if you were dosing the animal, but it is there. So indeed, the babies DO get some of the ...
more infohttp://www.guinealynx.info/forums/viewtopic.php?p=151941

severe mites--need Dex dose quick - Page 8 - Guinea Lynx Forumssevere mites--need Dex dose quick - Page 8 - Guinea Lynx Forums

However, the Ivermectin blood plasma levels of the suckling animals were very small. The indirect, oral ingestion of Ivermectin ... c) the species of animal its administered to. d) the sex of the animal. e) the physiological status of the animal (lactating, ... However, the Ivermectin blood plasma levels of the suckling animals were very small. The indirect, oral ingestion of Ivermectin ... It is a much lower dose than if you were dosing the animal, but it is there. So indeed, the babies DO get some of the ...
more infohttp://www.guinealynx.info/forums/viewtopic.php?p=151920

Increased basal activity of the HPA axis and renin-angiotensin system  by Emmeline Edwards, Jean A. King et al."Increased basal activity of the HPA axis and renin-angiotensin system " by Emmeline Edwards, Jean A. King et al.

Since congenital learned helpless animals have an impaired stress response in adulthood, we examined the effects of early ... Unstressed congenital learned helpless rats had corticosterone levels that were similar to control animals (congenital non- ... Learned helpless behavior has been successfully bred in rats and designated as a genetic animal model of human depression and/ ... of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis was monitored through changes in corticosterone plasma levels in the adult animals ...
more infohttps://escholarship.umassmed.edu/psych_cmhsr/129/

Bringing Up BabyBringing Up Baby

It does look weird to me to see a baby animal suckling on a human, and Im not really sure if its morally right or not. I ... Nothing really horrid about women breastfeeding animals compared to animals being killed. As long as both woman and animal do ... I think the real horror (and this was evident in the comments) was the idea that a human might be forced to suckle an animal ... I couldnt bring myself to suckle an animal directly but like Maria said, if milk was expressed via a pump Id be happy to feed ...
more infohttps://brucemhood.wordpress.com/2010/01/02/bringing-up-baby/

Obama Administration Denies Endangered Species Act Protection to 251 SpeciesObama Administration Denies Endangered Species Act Protection to 251 Species

... animals that government scientists have said need those protections to avoid extinction. Instead, the administration has placed ... animals," Suckling said. "The Endangered Species Act can save these. 251 species, but only if they are granted protection." ... urgency when it comes to protecting imperiled plants and animals,". said Kieran Suckling, executive director of the Center for ... animal world, to the aboriginal pricklyapple, a cactus found in. Florida, to the Pacific fisher, a relative of the mink and ...
more infohttps://www.commondreams.org/newswire/2010/11/09/obama-administration-denies-endangered-species-act-protection-251-species

Wikijunior:Bugs/Glossary - Wikibooks, open books for an open worldWikijunior:Bugs/Glossary - Wikibooks, open books for an open world

Mammal - Member of the class of animals that suckle their young.. Mandible - Jaw. ... Amphibian - Animal able to live both on land and in water.. Antennae - Pair of flexible sensitive projections on an insects ... Vertebrates - Animals with backbones, such as reptiles, amphibians, birds, and mammals.. Wingpad - Immature form of an insects ... Organic matter - Material that is made of decaying plants and animals.. Ovipositor - External female reproductive organ used to ...
more infohttps://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Wikijunior:Bugs/Glossary

Farm World   weekly farm newspaper source for ag news, classifieds, auctionsFarm World weekly farm newspaper source for ag news, classifieds, auctions

Light-colored meat is best, a sign of the suckling animal.. April 8: Orthodox Easter - animals for this market should also be ... For April 13-15: New Years Day for immigrants from Cambodia, Thailand and Laos - the Asian market often favors animals in the ...
more infohttp://www.farmworldonline.com/News/NewsArticle.asp?newsid=22342

Epidemiological survey on farms with documented occurrence of equine proliferative enteropathy due to Lawsonia intracellularis<...Epidemiological survey on farms with documented occurrence of equine proliferative enteropathy due to Lawsonia intracellularis<...

TY - JOUR. T1 - Epidemiological survey on farms with documented occurrence of equine proliferative enteropathy due to Lawsonia intracellularis. AU - Pusterla, Nicola. AU - Mapes, S.. AU - Higguis, J. C.. AU - Smith, P.. AU - Gebhart, C.. PY - 2008/8/2. Y1 - 2008/8/2. UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=49749097195&partnerID=8YFLogxK. UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=49749097195&partnerID=8YFLogxK. M3 - Article. VL - 163. SP - 156. EP - 158. JO - Veterinary Record. JF - Veterinary Record. SN - 0042-4900. IS - 5. ER - ...
more infohttps://ucdavis.pure.elsevier.com/en/publications/epidemiological-survey-on-farms-with-documented-occurrence-of-equ

Functional magnetic resonance imaging shows oxytocin activates brain r by Marcelo Febo, Michael Numan et al."Functional magnetic resonance imaging shows oxytocin activates brain r" by Marcelo Febo, Michael Numan et al.

During imaging sessions, dams were exposed to pup suckling before and after administration of an oxytocin receptor antagonist. ... Changes in brain activation in response to suckling closely matched that elicited by oxytocin administration. The overlapping ... magnetic resonance imaging to determine whether oxytocin modulates brain activity in postpartum day 4-8 dams receiving suckling ... Animals; Animals, Suckling; Brain Mapping; Emotions; Female; Magnetic Resonance Imaging; Maternal Behavior; *Object Attachment ...
more infohttps://escholarship.umassmed.edu/oapubs/1168/

HAZU • Hrvatska akademija znanosti i umjetnosti - Krista Kostial - Šimonović - BiografijaHAZU • Hrvatska akademija znanosti i umjetnosti - Krista Kostial - Šimonović - Biografija

Kostial K (1983). Specific features of metal absorption in suckling animals. U: Reproductive and Developmental Toxicity of ... Animal Study to Evaluate the Effect of Lead on Reproduction Following Male and Female Exposure to Lead (Evropska Ekonomska ... U: Trace Elements in Human and Animal Nutrition. Vol. II, 7th Edition (W. Mertz, ur.), Academic Press New York, str. 319-345. ... Seventh International Symposium on Trace Elements in Man and Animals (TEMA-7), Dubrovnik (na poziv Parrent Committee TEMA) 1990 ...
more infohttp://info.hazu.hr/hr/clanovi_akademije/osobne_stranice/krista_kostial_simonovic/krista_kostial_simonovic_biografija/

Deborah Valenzes Milk: What a new history reveals about our ambivalent relationship with breasts and breast milk.Deborah Valenze's Milk: What a new history reveals about our ambivalent relationship with breasts and breast milk.

... animal suckling, werent used at all. "Soon after they are born," he wrote, "[infants] are left all day, by their mothers, ... Since fresh animal milk spoiled quickly, some mothers decided to avoid both risks by taking the baby straight to an animal ... Women, even those of us who dont have kids, face a reminder that were animals every time we look down-and this connection has ... Some goats had lopsided udders, including one young animal whose left teat was so tiny that we didnt bother to milk it. ...
more infohttp://www.slate.com/articles/double_x/doublex/2011/07/breast_friends.html

Multiple levels of control of the stage- and region-specific expression of rat intestinal lactase. | JCBMultiple levels of control of the stage- and region-specific expression of rat intestinal lactase. | JCB

In suckling animals, the mRNA was present at a high level despite the progressive decline of enzyme activity. Crypts were ... Patterns similar to those described in sucklings were retained in the adult jejunum. In contrast, mRNA and enzyme could no ...
more infohttp://jcb.rupress.org/content/123/6/1577
  • Stories of abandoned children being brought up by animal mothers such as she-wolves and bears were widespread in Europe from the Middle Ages and into modern times. (wikipedia.org)
  • The innovative concepts we will optimize and introduce in the pig breeding farms are: 1 / interventions at the neonatal big: split-suckling, drenching of bioactive substances, and 2 / interventions to prepare for the process of weaning: multi-suckling with foraging. (uantwerpen.be)
  • Learned helpless behavior has been successfully bred in rats and designated as a genetic animal model of human depression and/or anxiety. (umassmed.edu)
  • I think the real horror (and this was evident in the comments) was the idea that a human might be forced to suckle an animal and that is something that most of us find disgusting. (wordpress.com)
  • Most of us simply don't want to cross the animal-human boundary when it comes to acts of intimacy. (wordpress.com)
  • Thus, the likelihood of human exposure to a rabid domestic animal in the United States has decreased greatly. (cdc.gov)
  • Twelve (33%) of the 36 human rabies deaths reported to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) from 1980 through 1997 appear to have been related to rabid animals outside the United States (2,6). (cdc.gov)
  • Data on the safety, immunogenicity, and efficacy of active and passive rabies immunization have come from both human and animal studies. (cdc.gov)
  • Don't expect these findings to lead to a rush of smarter, "uplifted" animals-though they might just reveal something new and fascinating about the evolution of human speech and language. (blogspot.com)
  • Since congenital learned helpless animals have an impaired stress response in adulthood, we examined the effects of early stressors (at postnatal day 7, 14 or 21) on the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis and the renin-angiotensin system. (umassmed.edu)
  • Most environments in Africa have a high disease challenge, and the serious farmer need to learn how to deal with this in order to have healthy, happy and productive animals. (infonet-biovision.org)
  • The 251 candidates include a wide variety of species, from shorebirds such as the red knot, which migrates along the Atlantic Coast during one of the longest migrations in the animal world, to the aboriginal pricklyapple, a cactus found in Florida, to the Pacific fisher, a relative of the mink and otter that is dependent on old-growth forests on the West Coast. (commondreams.org)
  • But that vein is overworked, so I wondered -- what if we someday begin modifying higher animals -- and I think we clearly will -- guided by the morality of modern liberal society? (blogspot.com)