An infant during the first month after birth.
Refers to animals in the period of time just after birth.
Diseases of newborn infants present at birth (congenital) or developing within the first month of birth. It does not include hereditary diseases not manifesting at birth or within the first 30 days of life nor does it include inborn errors of metabolism. Both HEREDITARY DISEASES and METABOLISM, INBORN ERRORS are available as general concepts.
The identification of selected parameters in newborn infants by various tests, examinations, or other procedures. Screening may be performed by clinical or laboratory measures. A screening test is designed to sort out healthy neonates (INFANT, NEWBORN) from those not well, but the screening test is not intended as a diagnostic device, rather instead as epidemiologic.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
A human infant born before 37 weeks of GESTATION.
Care of infants in the home or institution.
A condition of the newborn marked by DYSPNEA with CYANOSIS, heralded by such prodromal signs as dilatation of the alae nasi, expiratory grunt, and retraction of the suprasternal notch or costal margins, mostly frequently occurring in premature infants, children of diabetic mothers, and infants delivered by cesarean section, and sometimes with no apparent predisposing cause.
The age of the conceptus, beginning from the time of FERTILIZATION. In clinical obstetrics, the gestational age is often estimated as the time from the last day of the last MENSTRUATION which is about 2 weeks before OVULATION and fertilization.
Blood of the fetus. Exchange of nutrients and waste between the fetal and maternal blood occurs via the PLACENTA. The cord blood is blood contained in the umbilical vessels (UMBILICAL CORD) at the time of delivery.
Respiratory failure in the newborn. (Dorland, 27th ed)
The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual at BIRTH. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.
A subspecialty of Pediatrics concerned with the newborn infant.
Yellow discoloration of the SKIN; MUCOUS MEMBRANE; and SCLERA in the NEWBORN. It is a sign of NEONATAL HYPERBILIRUBINEMIA. Most cases are transient self-limiting (PHYSIOLOGICAL NEONATAL JAUNDICE) occurring in the first week of life, but some can be a sign of pathological disorders, particularly LIVER DISEASES.
Exchange of substances between the maternal blood and the fetal blood at the PLACENTA via PLACENTAL CIRCULATION. The placental barrier excludes microbial or viral transmission.
Hospital facilities which provide care for newborn infants.
Hospital units providing continuing surveillance and care to acutely ill newborn infants.
A condition characterized by the abnormal presence of ERYTHROBLASTS in the circulation of the FETUS or NEWBORNS. It is a disorder due to BLOOD GROUP INCOMPATIBILITY, such as the maternal alloimmunization by fetal antigen RH FACTORS leading to HEMOLYSIS of ERYTHROCYTES, hemolytic anemia (ANEMIA, HEMOLYTIC), general edema (HYDROPS FETALIS), and SEVERE JAUNDICE IN NEWBORN.
Part of an ear examination that measures the ability of sound to reach the brain.
Errors in metabolic processes resulting from inborn genetic mutations that are inherited or acquired in utero.
Organized efforts by communities or organizations to improve the health and well-being of infants.
The care of women and a fetus or newborn given before, during, and after delivery from the 28th week of gestation through the 7th day after delivery.
Abnormal increase in RESPIRATORY RATE in the newborn. It is self-limiting and attributed to the delayed fetal lung fluid clearance often in CAESAREAN SECTION delivery.
The unborn young of a viviparous mammal, in the postembryonic period, after the major structures have been outlined. In humans, the unborn young from the end of the eighth week after CONCEPTION until BIRTH, as distinguished from the earlier EMBRYO, MAMMALIAN.
Any of various animals that constitute the family Suidae and comprise stout-bodied, short-legged omnivorous mammals with thick skin, usually covered with coarse bristles, a rather long mobile snout, and small tail. Included are the genera Babyrousa, Phacochoerus (wart hogs), and Sus, the latter containing the domestic pig (see SUS SCROFA).
A method, developed by Dr. Virginia Apgar, to evaluate a newborn's adjustment to extrauterine life. Five items - heart rate, respiratory effort, muscle tone, reflex irritability, and color - are evaluated 60 seconds after birth and again five minutes later on a scale from 0-2, 0 being the lowest, 2 being normal. The five numbers are added for the Apgar score. A score of 0-3 represents severe distress, 4-7 indicates moderate distress, and a score of 7-10 predicts an absence of difficulty in adjusting to extrauterine life.
Postnatal deaths from BIRTH to 365 days after birth in a given population. Postneonatal mortality represents deaths between 28 days and 365 days after birth (as defined by National Center for Health Statistics). Neonatal mortality represents deaths from birth to 27 days after birth.
A disorder characterized by a reduction of oxygen in the blood combined with reduced blood flow (ISCHEMIA) to the brain from a localized obstruction of a cerebral artery or from systemic hypoperfusion. Prolonged hypoxia-ischemia is associated with ISCHEMIC ATTACK, TRANSIENT; BRAIN INFARCTION; BRAIN EDEMA; COMA; and other conditions.
Delivery of the FETUS and PLACENTA under the care of an obstetrician or a health worker. Obstetric deliveries may involve physical, psychological, medical, or surgical interventions.
Accumulation of BILIRUBIN, a breakdown product of HEME PROTEINS, in the BLOOD during the first weeks of life. This may lead to NEONATAL JAUNDICE. The excess bilirubin may exist in the unconjugated (indirect) or the conjugated (direct) form. The condition may be self-limiting (PHYSIOLOGICAL NEONATAL JAUNDICE) or pathological with toxic levels of bilirubin.
The taking of a blood sample to determine its character as a whole, to identify levels of its component cells, chemicals, gases, or other constituents, to perform pathological examination, etc.
An infant having a birth weight of 2500 gm. (5.5 lb.) or less but INFANT, VERY LOW BIRTH WEIGHT is available for infants having a birth weight of 1500 grams (3.3 lb.) or less.
The thick green-to-black mucilaginous material found in the intestines of a full-term fetus. It consists of secretions of the INTESTINAL GLANDS; BILE PIGMENTS; FATTY ACIDS; AMNIOTIC FLUID; and intrauterine debris. It constitutes the first stools passed by a newborn.
The co-occurrence of pregnancy and an INFECTION. The infection may precede or follow FERTILIZATION.
A condition in infancy or early childhood due to an in-utero deficiency of THYROID HORMONES that can be caused by genetic or environmental factors, such as thyroid dysgenesis or HYPOTHYROIDISM in infants of mothers treated with THIOURACIL during pregnancy. Endemic cretinism is the result of iodine deficiency. Clinical symptoms include severe MENTAL RETARDATION, impaired skeletal development, short stature, and MYXEDEMA.
The transmission of infectious disease or pathogens from one generation to another. It includes transmission in utero or intrapartum by exposure to blood and secretions, and postpartum exposure via breastfeeding.
Continuous care and monitoring of newborn infants with life-threatening conditions, in any setting.
The thin, yellow, serous fluid secreted by the mammary glands during pregnancy and immediately postpartum before lactation begins. It consists of immunologically active substances, white blood cells, water, protein, fat, and carbohydrates.
Hemorrhage caused by vitamin K deficiency.
Resistance to a disease-causing agent induced by the introduction of maternal immunity into the fetus by transplacental transfer or into the neonate through colostrum and milk.
Female parents, human or animal.
Conditions or pathological processes associated with pregnancy. They can occur during or after pregnancy, and range from minor discomforts to serious diseases that require medical interventions. They include diseases in pregnant females, and pregnancies in females with diseases.
Childbirth taking place in the home.
The care provided to women and their NEWBORNS for the first few months following CHILDBIRTH.
An abnormal increase in the amount of oxygen in the tissues and organs.
The gradual irreversible changes in structure and function of an organism that occur as a result of the passage of time.
The nursing of an infant at the breast.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Any of the ruminant mammals with curved horns in the genus Ovis, family Bovidae. They possess lachrymal grooves and interdigital glands, which are absent in GOATS.
Treatment of disease by exposure to light, especially by variously concentrated light rays or specific wavelengths.
The consequences of exposing the FETUS in utero to certain factors, such as NUTRITION PHYSIOLOGICAL PHENOMENA; PHYSIOLOGICAL STRESS; DRUGS; RADIATION; and other physical or chemical factors. These consequences are observed later in the offspring after BIRTH.
Any observable response or action of a neonate or infant up through the age of 23 months.
The flexible rope-like structure that connects a developing FETUS to the PLACENTA in mammals. The cord contains blood vessels which carry oxygen and nutrients from the mother to the fetus and waste products away from the fetus.
A bile pigment that is a degradation product of HEME.
CHILDBIRTH at the end of a normal duration of PREGNANCY, between 37 to 40 weeks of gestation or about 280 days from the first day of the mother's last menstrual period.
Organized services to provide health care to expectant and nursing mothers.
Exposure of the female parent, human or animal, to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents in the environment or to environmental factors that may include ionizing radiation, pathogenic organisms, or toxic chemicals that may affect offspring. It includes pre-conception maternal exposure.
A flavoprotein oxidoreductase that has specificity for medium-chain fatty acids. It forms a complex with ELECTRON TRANSFERRING FLAVOPROTEINS and conveys reducing equivalents to UBIQUINONE.
The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.
Extraction of the FETUS by means of abdominal HYSTEROTOMY.
Care provided the pregnant woman in order to prevent complications, and decrease the incidence of maternal and prenatal mortality.
Special hospitals which provide care to women during pregnancy and parturition.
A group of autosomal recessive disorders marked by a deficiency of the hepatic enzyme PHENYLALANINE HYDROXYLASE or less frequently by reduced activity of DIHYDROPTERIDINE REDUCTASE (i.e., atypical phenylketonuria). Classical phenylketonuria is caused by a severe deficiency of phenylalanine hydroxylase and presents in infancy with developmental delay; SEIZURES; skin HYPOPIGMENTATION; ECZEMA; and demyelination in the central nervous system. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p952).
Hospital units equipped for childbirth.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
Results of conception and ensuing pregnancy, including LIVE BIRTH; STILLBIRTH; SPONTANEOUS ABORTION; INDUCED ABORTION. The outcome may follow natural or artificial insemination or any of the various ASSISTED REPRODUCTIVE TECHNIQUES, such as EMBRYO TRANSFER or FERTILIZATION IN VITRO.
Young, unweaned mammals. Refers to nursing animals whether nourished by their biological mother, foster mother, or bottle fed.
Malformations of organs or body parts during development in utero.
Detection of a MUTATION; GENOTYPE; KARYOTYPE; or specific ALLELES associated with genetic traits, heritable diseases, or predisposition to a disease, or that may lead to the disease in descendants. It includes prenatal genetic testing.
A method of continuously holding a partially wrapped baby to the chest, involving skin-to-skin contact. Originally it was a method of caring for LOW-BIRTH-WEIGHT INFANT in developing countries and is now more widespread in developed nations. Aside from encouraging breast feeding, the extra sleep that the infant gets assists in regulating body temperature, helps the baby conserve energy, and redirects calorie expenditures toward growth and weight gain.
An infant having a birth weight lower than expected for its gestational age.
A general term for the complete or partial loss of the ability to hear from one or both ears.
Fetal and neonatal addiction and withdrawal as a result of the mother's dependence on drugs during pregnancy. Withdrawal or abstinence symptoms develop shortly after birth. Symptoms exhibited are loud, high-pitched crying, sweating, yawning and gastrointestinal disturbances.
Facilities which administer the delivery of health care services to mothers and children.
Mechanical or anoxic trauma incurred by the infant during labor or delivery.
Relatively complete absence of oxygen in one or more tissues.
To utter an inarticulate, characteristic sound in order to communicate or express a feeling, or desire for attention.
A condition in which the death of adipose tissue results in neutral fats being split into fatty acids and glycerol.
Formation of NEURONS which involves the differentiation and division of STEM CELLS in which one or both of the daughter cells become neurons.
A fetal blood vessel connecting the pulmonary artery with the descending aorta.
Syphilis acquired in utero and manifested by any of several characteristic tooth (Hutchinson's teeth) or bone malformations and by active mucocutaneous syphilis at birth or shortly thereafter. Ocular and neurologic changes may also occur.
Repetitive withdrawal of small amounts of blood and replacement with donor blood until a large proportion of the blood volume has been exchanged. Used in treatment of fetal erythroblastosis, hepatic coma, sickle cell anemia, disseminated intravascular coagulation, septicemia, burns, thrombotic thrombopenic purpura, and fulminant malaria.
Organized efforts by communities or organizations to improve the health and well-being of the mother.
Either of the pair of organs occupying the cavity of the thorax that effect the aeration of the blood.
The restoration to life or consciousness of one apparently dead. (Dorland, 27th ed)
A chronic lung disease developed after OXYGEN INHALATION THERAPY or mechanical ventilation (VENTILATION, MECHANICAL) usually occurring in certain premature infants (INFANT, PREMATURE) or newborn infants with respiratory distress syndrome (RESPIRATORY DISTRESS SYNDROME, NEWBORN). Histologically, it is characterized by the unusual abnormalities of the bronchioles, such as METAPLASIA, decrease in alveolar number, and formation of CYSTS.
A term used pathologically to describe BILIRUBIN staining of the BASAL GANGLIA; BRAIN STEM; and CEREBELLUM and clinically to describe a syndrome associated with HYPERBILIRUBINEMIA. Clinical features include athetosis, MUSCLE SPASTICITY or hypotonia, impaired vertical gaze, and DEAFNESS. Nonconjugated bilirubin enters the brain and acts as a neurotoxin, often in association with conditions that impair the BLOOD-BRAIN BARRIER (e.g., SEPSIS). This condition occurs primarily in neonates (INFANT, NEWBORN), but may rarely occur in adults. (Menkes, Textbook of Child Neurology, 5th ed, p613)
An element with atomic symbol O, atomic number 8, and atomic weight [15.99903; 15.99977]. It is the most abundant element on earth and essential for respiration.
Prenatal protozoal infection with TOXOPLASMA gondii which is associated with injury to the developing fetal nervous system. The severity of this condition is related to the stage of pregnancy during which the infection occurs; first trimester infections are associated with a greater degree of neurologic dysfunction. Clinical features include HYDROCEPHALUS; MICROCEPHALY; deafness; cerebral calcifications; SEIZURES; and psychomotor retardation. Signs of a systemic infection may also be present at birth, including fever, rash, and hepatosplenomegaly. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p735)
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
The failure of a FETUS to attain its expected FETAL GROWTH at any GESTATIONAL AGE.
The nursing specialty that deals with the care of newborn infants during the first four weeks after birth.
The practice of assisting women in childbirth.
A transient absence of spontaneous respiration.
The range or frequency distribution of a measurement in a population (of organisms, organs or things) that has not been selected for the presence of disease or abnormality.
Disorders affecting amino acid metabolism. The majority of these disorders are inherited and present in the neonatal period with metabolic disturbances (e.g., ACIDOSIS) and neurologic manifestations. They are present at birth, although they may not become symptomatic until later in life.
The age of the mother in PREGNANCY.
An autosomal recessive genetic disease of the EXOCRINE GLANDS. It is caused by mutations in the gene encoding the CYSTIC FIBROSIS TRANSMEMBRANE CONDUCTANCE REGULATOR expressed in several organs including the LUNG, the PANCREAS, the BILIARY SYSTEM, and the SWEAT GLANDS. Cystic fibrosis is characterized by epithelial secretory dysfunction associated with ductal obstruction resulting in AIRWAY OBSTRUCTION; chronic RESPIRATORY INFECTIONS; PANCREATIC INSUFFICIENCY; maldigestion; salt depletion; and HEAT PROSTRATION.
The pit in the center of the ABDOMINAL WALL marking the point where the UMBILICAL CORD entered in the FETUS.
A constituent of STRIATED MUSCLE and LIVER. It is an amino acid derivative and an essential cofactor for fatty acid metabolism.
An infant whose weight at birth is less than 1500 grams (3.3 lbs), regardless of gestational age.
A condition characterized by an abnormal increase of BILIRUBIN in the blood, which may result in JAUNDICE. Bilirubin, a breakdown product of HEME, is normally excreted in the BILE or further catabolized before excretion in the urine.
Liquid formulations for the nutrition of infants that can substitute for BREAST MILK.
Morphological and physiological development of FETUSES.
A highly vascularized mammalian fetal-maternal organ and major site of transport of oxygen, nutrients, and fetal waste products. It includes a fetal portion (CHORIONIC VILLI) derived from TROPHOBLASTS and a maternal portion (DECIDUA) derived from the uterine ENDOMETRIUM. The placenta produces an array of steroid, protein and peptide hormones (PLACENTAL HORMONES).
Naturally occurring or experimentally induced animal diseases with pathological processes sufficiently similar to those of human diseases. They are used as study models for human diseases.
A respiratory distress syndrome in newborn infants, usually premature infants with insufficient PULMONARY SURFACTANTS. The disease is characterized by the formation of a HYALINE-like membrane lining the terminal respiratory airspaces (PULMONARY ALVEOLI) and subsequent collapse of the lung (PULMONARY ATELECTASIS).
The back (or posterior) of the FOOT in PRIMATES, found behind the ANKLE and distal to the TOES.
Self-generated faint acoustic signals from the inner ear (COCHLEA) without external stimulation. These faint signals can be recorded in the EAR CANAL and are indications of active OUTER AUDITORY HAIR CELLS. Spontaneous otoacoustic emissions are found in all classes of land vertebrates.
Testing or screening required by federal, state, or local law or other agencies for the diagnosis of specified conditions. It is usually limited to specific populations such as categories of health care providers, members of the military, and prisoners or to specific situations such as premarital examinations or donor screening.
The innermost layer of the three meninges covering the brain and spinal cord. It is the fine vascular membrane that lies under the ARACHNOID and the DURA MATER.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
Developmental abnormalities involving structures of the heart. These defects are present at birth but may be discovered later in life.
Maintenance of the hygienic state of the skin under optimal conditions of cleanliness and comfort. Effective in skin care are proper washing, bathing, cleansing, and the use of soaps, detergents, oils, etc. In various disease states, therapeutic and protective solutions and ointments are useful. The care of the skin is particularly important in various occupations, in exposure to sunlight, in neonates, and in PRESSURE ULCER.
The determination of oxygen-hemoglobin saturation of blood either by withdrawing a sample and passing it through a classical photoelectric oximeter or by electrodes attached to some translucent part of the body like finger, earlobe, or skin fold. It includes non-invasive oxygen monitoring by pulse oximetry.
A condition caused by inhalation of MECONIUM into the LUNG of FETUS or NEWBORN, usually due to vigorous respiratory movements during difficult PARTURITION or respiratory system abnormalities. Meconium aspirate may block small airways leading to difficulties in PULMONARY GAS EXCHANGE and ASPIRATION PNEUMONIA.
The continuous sequential physiological and psychological maturing of an individual from birth up to but not including ADOLESCENCE.
Erythrocyte isoantigens of the Rh (Rhesus) blood group system, the most complex of all human blood groups. The major antigen Rh or D is the most common cause of erythroblastosis fetalis.
Any method of artificial breathing that employs mechanical or non-mechanical means to force the air into and out of the lungs. Artificial respiration or ventilation is used in individuals who have stopped breathing or have RESPIRATORY INSUFFICIENCY to increase their intake of oxygen (O2) and excretion of carbon dioxide (CO2).
GRAY MATTER situated above the GYRUS HIPPOCAMPI. It is composed of three layers. The molecular layer is continuous with the HIPPOCAMPUS in the hippocampal fissure. The granular layer consists of closely arranged spherical or oval neurons, called GRANULE CELLS, whose AXONS pass through the polymorphic layer ending on the DENDRITES of PYRAMIDAL CELLS in the hippocampus.
The event that a FETUS is born dead or stillborn.
Any suction exerted by the mouth; response of the mammalian infant to draw milk from the breast. Includes sucking on inanimate objects. Not to be used for thumb sucking, which is indexed under fingersucking.
Use of nursing bottles for feeding. Applies to humans and animals.
ENTEROCOLITIS with extensive ulceration (ULCER) and NECROSIS. It is observed primarily in LOW BIRTH WEIGHT INFANT.
A group of inherited enzyme deficiencies which feature elevations of GALACTOSE in the blood. This condition may be associated with deficiencies of GALACTOKINASE; UDPGLUCOSE-HEXOSE-1-PHOSPHATE URIDYLYLTRANSFERASE; or UDPGLUCOSE 4-EPIMERASE. The classic form is caused by UDPglucose-Hexose-1-Phosphate Uridylyltransferase deficiency, and presents in infancy with FAILURE TO THRIVE; VOMITING; and INTRACRANIAL HYPERTENSION. Affected individuals also may develop MENTAL RETARDATION; JAUNDICE; hepatosplenomegaly; ovarian failure (PRIMARY OVARIAN INSUFFICIENCY); and cataracts. (From Menkes, Textbook of Child Neurology, 5th ed, pp61-3)
The short wide vessel arising from the conus arteriosus of the right ventricle and conveying unaerated blood to the lungs.
A form of electrophysiologic audiometry in which an analog computer is included in the circuit to average out ongoing or spontaneous brain wave activity. A characteristic pattern of response to a sound stimulus may then become evident. Evoked response audiometry is known also as electric response audiometry.
Pathophysiological conditions of the FETUS in the UTERUS. Some fetal diseases may be treated with FETAL THERAPIES.
A pathological condition caused by lack of oxygen, manifested in impending or actual cessation of life.
A bacterium which causes mastitis in cattle and occasionally in man.
Determination of the nature of a pathological condition or disease in the postimplantation EMBRYO; FETUS; or pregnant female before birth.
The basic cellular units of nervous tissue. Each neuron consists of a body, an axon, and dendrites. Their purpose is to receive, conduct, and transmit impulses in the NERVOUS SYSTEM.
A strain of albino rat used widely for experimental purposes because of its calmness and ease of handling. It was developed by the Sprague-Dawley Animal Company.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
A large lobed glandular organ in the abdomen of vertebrates that is responsible for detoxification, metabolism, synthesis and storage of various substances.
Errors in the metabolism of LIPIDS resulting from inborn genetic MUTATIONS that are heritable.
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
Cells propagated in vitro in special media conducive to their growth. Cultured cells are used to study developmental, morphologic, metabolic, physiologic, and genetic processes, among others.
The co-occurrence of pregnancy and parasitic diseases. The parasitic infection may precede or follow FERTILIZATION.
Conditions that impair the transmission of auditory impulses and information from the level of the ear to the temporal cortices, including the sensorineural pathways.
A reduction in brain oxygen supply due to ANOXEMIA (a reduced amount of oxygen being carried in the blood by HEMOGLOBIN), or to a restriction of the blood supply to the brain, or both. Severe hypoxia is referred to as anoxia, and is a relatively common cause of injury to the central nervous system. Prolonged brain anoxia may lead to BRAIN DEATH or a PERSISTENT VEGETATIVE STATE. Histologically, this condition is characterized by neuronal loss which is most prominent in the HIPPOCAMPUS; GLOBUS PALLIDUS; CEREBELLUM; and inferior olives.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
Substances and drugs that lower the SURFACE TENSION of the mucoid layer lining the PULMONARY ALVEOLI.
The measurement of an organ in volume, mass, or heaviness.
A bilateral retinopathy occurring in premature infants treated with excessively high concentrations of oxygen, characterized by vascular dilatation, proliferation, and tortuosity, edema, and retinal detachment, with ultimate conversion of the retina into a fibrous mass that can be seen as a dense retrolental membrane. Usually growth of the eye is arrested and may result in microophthalmia, and blindness may occur. (Dorland, 27th ed)
A severe, sometimes fatal, disorder of adipose tissue occurring chiefly in preterm or debilitated infants suffering from an underlying illness and manifested by a diffuse, nonpitting induration of the affected tissue. The skin becomes cold, yellowish, mottled, and inflexible.
The species Oryctolagus cuniculus, in the family Leporidae, order LAGOMORPHA. Rabbits are born in burrows, furless, and with eyes and ears closed. In contrast with HARES, rabbits have 22 chromosome pairs.
Identification of genetic carriers for a given trait.
The inactive proenzyme of trypsin secreted by the pancreas, activated in the duodenum via cleavage by enteropeptidase. (Stedman, 25th ed)
Measurement of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the blood.
Morphological and physiological development of EMBRYOS or FETUSES.
Systemic inflammatory response syndrome with a proven or suspected infectious etiology. When sepsis is associated with organ dysfunction distant from the site of infection, it is called severe sepsis. When sepsis is accompanied by HYPOTENSION despite adequate fluid infusion, it is called SEPTIC SHOCK.
RNA sequences that serve as templates for protein synthesis. Bacterial mRNAs are generally primary transcripts in that they do not require post-transcriptional processing. Eukaryotic mRNA is synthesized in the nucleus and must be exported to the cytoplasm for translation. Most eukaryotic mRNAs have a sequence of polyadenylic acid at the 3' end, referred to as the poly(A) tail. The function of this tail is not known for certain, but it may play a role in the export of mature mRNA from the nucleus as well as in helping stabilize some mRNA molecules by retarding their degradation in the cytoplasm.
The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.
The fluid excreted by the SWEAT GLANDS. It consists of water containing sodium chloride, phosphate, urea, ammonia, and other waste products.
Death of the developing young in utero. BIRTH of a dead FETUS is STILLBIRTH.
An unctuous substance composed of sebum and desquamated epithelial cells, which covers the skin of the fetus.
The act of breathing with the LUNGS, consisting of INHALATION, or the taking into the lungs of the ambient air, and of EXHALATION, or the expelling of the modified air which contains more CARBON DIOXIDE than the air taken in (Blakiston's Gould Medical Dictionary, 4th ed.). This does not include tissue respiration (= OXYGEN CONSUMPTION) or cell respiration (= CELL RESPIRATION).
The process of giving birth to one or more offspring.
Persons functioning as natural, adoptive, or substitute parents. The heading includes the concept of parenthood as well as preparation for becoming a parent.
Positive test results in subjects who do not possess the attribute for which the test is conducted. The labeling of healthy persons as diseased when screening in the detection of disease. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
Countries in the process of change with economic growth, that is, an increase in production, per capita consumption, and income. The process of economic growth involves better utilization of natural and human resources, which results in a change in the social, political, and economic structures.
Nutritional physiology of children from birth to 2 years of age.
The measure of the level of heat of a human or animal.
The last third of a human PREGNANCY, from the beginning of the 29th through the 42nd completed week (197 to 294 days) of gestation.
Partial hearing loss in both ears.
The upper part of the human body, or the front or upper part of the body of an animal, typically separated from the rest of the body by a neck, and containing the brain, mouth, and sense organs.
Congenital obliteration of the lumen of the intestine, with the ILEUM involved in 50% of the cases and the JEJUNUM and DUODENUM following in frequency. It is the most frequent cause of INTESTINAL OBSTRUCTION in NEWBORNS. (From Stedman, 25th ed)
Informed consent given by a parent on behalf of a minor or otherwise incompetent child.
Inborn errors of metabolism characterized by defects in specific lysosomal hydrolases and resulting in intracellular accumulation of unmetabolized substrates.
The techniques used to draw blood from a vein for diagnostic purposes or for treatment of certain blood disorders such as erythrocytosis, hemochromatosis, polycythemia vera, and porphyria cutanea tarda.
The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.
Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
A subtype of HLA-DRB beta chains that includes over 50 allelic variants. The HLA-DRB3 beta-chain subtype is associated with HLA-DR52 serological subtype.
Acute conjunctival inflammation in the newborn, usually caused by maternal gonococcal infection. The causative agent is NEISSERIA GONORRHOEAE. The baby's eyes are contaminated during passage through the birth canal.
Disorders in which there is a delay in development based on that expected for a given age level or stage of development. These impairments or disabilities originate before age 18, may be expected to continue indefinitely, and constitute a substantial impairment. Biological and nonbiological factors are involved in these disorders. (From American Psychiatric Glossary, 6th ed)
A species of SWINE, in the family Suidae, comprising a number of subspecies including the domestic pig Sus scrofa domestica.
The white liquid secreted by the mammary glands. It contains proteins, sugar, lipids, vitamins, and minerals.
The branch of medicine dealing with the fetus and infant during the perinatal period. The perinatal period begins with the twenty-eighth week of gestation and ends twenty-eight days after birth. (From Dorland, 27th ed)
The state of PREGNANCY in women with DIABETES MELLITUS. This does not include either symptomatic diabetes or GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE induced by pregnancy (DIABETES, GESTATIONAL) which resolves at the end of pregnancy.
A mass spectrometry technique using two (MS/MS) or more mass analyzers. With two in tandem, the precursor ions are mass-selected by a first mass analyzer, and focused into a collision region where they are then fragmented into product ions which are then characterized by a second mass analyzer. A variety of techniques are used to separate the compounds, ionize them, and introduce them to the first mass analyzer. For example, for in GC-MS/MS, GAS CHROMATOGRAPHY-MASS SPECTROMETRY is involved in separating relatively small compounds by GAS CHROMATOGRAPHY prior to injecting them into an ionization chamber for the mass selection.
A chlorinated bisphenol antiseptic with a bacteriostatic action against Gram-positive organisms, but much less effective against Gram-negative organisms. It is mainly used in soaps and creams and is an ingredient of various preparations used for skin disorders. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p797)
A subtype of HLA-DRB beta chains that is associated with the HLA-DR53 serological subtype.
Food processed and manufactured for the nutritional health of children in their first year of life.
Methods to determine in patients the nature of a disease or disorder at its early stage of progression. Generally, early diagnosis improves PROGNOSIS and TREATMENT OUTCOME.
Organized services to provide health care for children.
Abnormally low BODY TEMPERATURE that is intentionally induced in warm-blooded animals by artificial means. In humans, mild or moderate hypothermia has been used to reduce tissue damages, particularly after cardiac or spinal cord injuries and during subsequent surgeries.
Small polyhedral outpouchings along the walls of the alveolar sacs, alveolar ducts and terminal bronchioles through the walls of which gas exchange between alveolar air and pulmonary capillary blood takes place.
Progressive restriction of the developmental potential and increasing specialization of function that leads to the formation of specialized cells, tissues, and organs.
Medical problems associated with OBSTETRIC LABOR, such as BREECH PRESENTATION; PREMATURE OBSTETRIC LABOR; HEMORRHAGE; or others. These complications can affect the well-being of the mother, the FETUS, or both.
A clear, yellowish liquid that envelopes the FETUS inside the sac of AMNION. In the first trimester, it is likely a transudate of maternal or fetal plasma. In the second trimester, amniotic fluid derives primarily from fetal lung and kidney. Cells or substances in this fluid can be removed for prenatal diagnostic tests (AMNIOCENTESIS).
Measurable and quantifiable biological parameters (e.g., specific enzyme concentration, specific hormone concentration, specific gene phenotype distribution in a population, presence of biological substances) which serve as indices for health- and physiology-related assessments, such as disease risk, psychiatric disorders, environmental exposure and its effects, disease diagnosis, metabolic processes, substance abuse, pregnancy, cell line development, epidemiologic studies, etc.
The capability of the LUNGS to distend under pressure as measured by pulmonary volume change per unit pressure change. While not a complete description of the pressure-volume properties of the lung, it is nevertheless useful in practice as a measure of the comparative stiffness of the lung. (From Best & Taylor's Physiological Basis of Medical Practice, 12th ed, p562)
The outward appearance of the individual. It is the product of interactions between genes, and between the GENOTYPE and the environment.
In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.

The role of colorstrum on the occurrence of immunoglobulin G subclasses and antibody production in neonatal goats. (1/22591)

Quantitative determinations of IgG1 and IgG2, in one group of colostrum-fed and one group of colostrum-deprived neonatal goats revealed that the occurrence of the IgG1 subclass preceeded that of the IgG2 in both cases. In the colostrum-fed animals the IgG2 appeared, on an average, in the fourth week of life whereas in the colostrum-deprived animals the IgG2 was detected as early as three weeks after birth. At the age of twelve weeks the mean concentrations for IgG, and IgG2 were higher in the animals deprived of colostrum. The immune response to human gamma globulin was studied in colostrum-fed and colostrum-deprived neonatal goats which were immunized at birth and again after four and eight weeks. Following the first two antigen administrations a significantly higher response was obtained in the colostrum-fed neonates. However, the third injection determined a similar response in both groups. A marked suppressive effect on the immune response was observed in colostrum-fed neonatal goats when specific antibodies were present in the colostrum after preimmunization of the mothers with human gamma globulin.  (+info)

Values of three coagulation screening tests of precolostral calves. (2/22591)

Prothrombin times, partial thromboplastin times and platelet counts were performed to determine normal values and to screen for coagulation defects of precolostral calves. The precolostral calves were in two groups: one group of a few calves was tested two years before the second larger group. The results for both groups were similar. The tests were performed on postcolostral calves and on mature cows to compare their values with those of precolostral calves. The mean values of prothrombin times and partial thromboplastin times of precolostral calves in the first group were 18.8 seconds and 54.8 seconds respectively. The mean values of prothrombin times and partial thromboplastin times of precolostral calves in the second group were 18.8 seconds and 50.8 seconds respectively. The mean platelet count was 422,400/cmm for the first group and 482,800/cmm for the second group.  (+info)

Perinatal nephropathies. (3/22591)

The purpose of this paper is to review the development of the mammalian kidney and to assess the influence that various perinatal manipulations may have on the developmental process either morphologically or functionally. Immature kidneys in general have less functional capacity than adult kidneys and a low rate of glomerular filtration, perhaps related to renal blood flow, which appears to limit the disposition of a fluid or solute load. Tubular reabsorption is also limited leading to the urinary loss of glucose, amino acids, bicarbonate and phosphate. Although the relatively low function of the immature kidney is a normal part of development, its capacity to respond under conditions of stress may be less adequate than in adults. An additional concern is that a variety of perinatal manipulations, such as the incidental or accidental ingestion of a chemical, may lead to varying degrees of altered morphogenesis or functional development of the kidney. Chemical induced renal anomalies may be of several types, but in typical teratology experiments hydronephrosis may be the most frequent observation. The functional consequences of these renal malformations may be lethal or inconsequential or while an animal may be able to survive and develop normally in the presence of a renal malformation, it is possible that a stressful situation would unmask a functional malformation which could compromise survival. Thus, some renal abnormalities may be subtle enough to go unnoticed without experimental tests. Without such tests it is impossible to evaluate the effect of functional alterations on successful adaptation.  (+info)

VEGF is required for growth and survival in neonatal mice. (4/22591)

We employed two independent approaches to inactivate the angiogenic protein VEGF in newborn mice: inducible, Cre-loxP- mediated gene targeting, or administration of mFlt(1-3)-IgG, a soluble VEGF receptor chimeric protein. Partial inhibition of VEGF achieved by inducible gene targeting resulted in increased mortality, stunted body growth and impaired organ development, most notably of the liver. Administration of mFlt(1-3)-IgG, which achieves a higher degree of VEGF inhibition, resulted in nearly complete growth arrest and lethality. Ultrastructural analysis documented alterations in endothelial and other cell types. Histological and biochemical changes consistent with liver and renal failure were observed. Endothelial cells isolated from the liver of mFlt(1-3)-IgG-treated neonates demonstrated an increased apoptotic index, indicating that VEGF is required not only for proliferation but also for survival of endothelial cells. However, such treatment resulted in less significant alterations as the animal matured, and the dependence on VEGF was eventually lost some time after the fourth postnatal week. Administration of mFlt(1-3)-IgG to juvenile mice failed to induce apoptosis in liver endothelial cells. Thus, VEGF is essential for growth and survival in early postnatal life. However, in the fully developed animal, VEGF is likely to be involved primarily in active angiogenesis processes such as corpus luteum development.  (+info)

Explanations for the clinical and microscopic localization of lesions in pemphigus foliaceus and vulgaris. (5/22591)

Patients with pemphigus foliaceus (PF) have blisters on skin, but not mucous membranes, whereas patients with pemphigus vulgaris (PV) develop blisters on mucous membranes and/or skin. PF and PV blisters are due to loss of keratinocyte cell-cell adhesion in the superficial and deep epidermis, respectively. PF autoantibodies are directed against desmoglein (Dsg) 1; PV autoantibodies bind Dsg3 or both Dsg3 and Dsg1. In this study, we test the hypothesis that coexpression of Dsg1 and Dsg3 in keratinocytes protects against pathology due to antibody-induced dysfunction of either one alone. Using passive transfer of pemphigus IgG to normal and DSG3(null) neonatal mice, we show that in the areas of epidermis and mucous membrane that coexpress Dsg1 and Dsg3, antibodies against either desmoglein alone do not cause spontaneous blisters, but antibodies against both do. In areas (such as superficial epidermis of normal mice) where Dsg1 without Dsg3 is expressed, anti-Dsg1 antibodies alone can cause blisters. Thus, the anti-desmoglein antibody profiles in pemphigus sera and the normal tissue distributions of Dsg1 and Dsg3 determine the sites of blister formation. These studies suggest that pemphigus autoantibodies inhibit the adhesive function of desmoglein proteins, and demonstrate that either Dsg1 or Dsg3 alone is sufficient to maintain keratinocyte adhesion.  (+info)

C/EBPalpha regulates generation of C/EBPbeta isoforms through activation of specific proteolytic cleavage. (6/22591)

C/EBPalpha and C/EBPbeta are intronless genes that can produce several N-terminally truncated isoforms through the process of alternative translation initiation at downstream AUG codons. C/EBPbeta has been reported to produce four isoforms: full-length 38-kDa C/EBPbeta, 35-kDa LAP (liver-enriched transcriptional activator protein), 21-kDa LIP (liver-enriched transcriptional inhibitory protein), and a 14-kDa isoform. In this report, we investigated the mechanisms by which C/EBPbeta isoforms are generated in the liver and in cultured cells. Using an in vitro translation system, we found that LIP can be generated by two mechanisms: alternative translation and a novel mechanism-specific proteolytic cleavage of full-length C/EBPbeta. Studies of mice in which the C/EBPalpha gene had been deleted (C/EBPalpha-/-) showed that the regulation of C/EBPbeta proteolysis is dependent on C/EBPalpha. The induction of C/EBPalpha in cultured cells leads to induced cleavage of C/EBPbeta to generate the LIP isoform. We characterized the cleavage activity in mouse liver extracts and found that the proteolytic cleavage activity is specific to prenatal and newborn livers, is sensitive to chymostatin, and is completely abolished in C/EBPalpha-/- animals. The lack of cleavage activity in the livers of C/EBPalpha-/- mice correlates with the decreased levels of LIP in the livers of these animals. Analysis of LIP production during liver regeneration showed that, in this system, the transient induction of LIP is dependent on the third AUG codon and most likely involves translational control. We propose that there are two mechanisms by which C/EBPbeta isoforms might be generated in the liver and in cultured cells: one that is determined by translation and a second that involves C/EBPalpha-dependent, specific proteolytic cleavage of full-length C/EBPbeta. The latter mechanism implicates C/EBPalpha in the regulation of posttranslational generation of the dominant negative C/EBPbeta isoform, LIP.  (+info)

Postnatal growth failure, short life span, and early onset of cellular senescence and subsequent immortalization in mice lacking the xeroderma pigmentosum group G gene. (7/22591)

The xeroderma pigmentosum group G (XP-G) gene (XPG) encodes a structure-specific DNA endonuclease that functions in nucleotide excision repair (NER). XP-G patients show various symptoms, ranging from mild cutaneous abnormalities to severe dermatological impairments. In some cases, patients exhibit growth failure and life-shortening and neurological dysfunctions, which are characteristics of Cockayne syndrome (CS). The known XPG protein function as the 3' nuclease in NER, however, cannot explain the development of CS in certain XP-G patients. To gain an insight into the functions of the XPG protein, we have generated and examined mice lacking xpg (the mouse counterpart of the human XPG gene) alleles. The xpg-deficient mice exhibited postnatal growth failure and underwent premature death. Since XPA-deficient mice, which are totally defective in NER, do not show such symptoms, our data indicate that XPG performs an additional function(s) besides its role in NER. Our in vitro studies showed that primary embryonic fibroblasts isolated from the xpg-deficient mice underwent premature senescence and exhibited the early onset of immortalization and accumulation of p53.  (+info)

Thyroid hormone effects on Krox-24 transcription in the post-natal mouse brain are developmentally regulated but are not correlated with mitosis. (8/22591)

Krox-24 (NGFI-A, Egr-1) is an immediate-early gene encoding a zinc finger transcription factor. As Krox-24 is expressed in brain areas showing post-natal neurogenesis during a thyroid hormone (T3)-sensitive period, we followed T3 effects on Krox-24 expression in newborn mice. We analysed whether regulation was associated with changes in mitotic activity in the subventricular zone and the cerebellum. In vivo T3-dependent Krox-24 transcription was studied by polyethylenimine-based gene transfer. T3 increased transcription from the Krox-24 promoter in both areas studied at post-natal day 2, but was without effect at day 6. An intact thyroid hormone response element (TRE) in the Krox-24 promoter was necessary for these inductions. These stage-dependent effects were also seen in endogenous Krox-24 mRNA levels: activation at day 2 and no effect at day 6. Moreover, similar results were obtained by examining beta-galactosidase expression in heterozygous mice in which one allele of the Krox-24 gene was disrupted with an inframe Lac-Z insertion. However, bromodeoxyuridine incorporation showed mitosis to continue through to day 6. We conclude first, that T3 activates Krox-24 transcription during early post-natal mitosis but that this effect is extinguished as development proceeds and second, loss of T3-dependent Krox-24 expression is not correlated with loss of mitotic activity.  (+info)

TY - JOUR. T1 - Neonatal injection of Lewis rats with recombinant Vβ8.2 induces T cell but not B cell tolerance and increased severity of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis. AU - Vainiene, M.. AU - Burrows, G. G.. AU - Ariail, K.. AU - Robey, I.. AU - Vandenbark, A. A.. AU - Offner, H.. PY - 1996/1/1. Y1 - 1996/1/1. N2 - In Lewis rats with experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) mediated by Vβ8.2 effector cells, anti-idiotypic T cells and antibodies could be boosted by injection of Vβ8.2 peptides, inducing both T cells and antibodies that reduced the severity and shortened the course of disease. However, EAE in Lewis rats is self-limiting, and we sought to determine if the anti-idiotypic response contributed to the natural recovery process. In a previous study, we found that adult tolerance induced to one of the regulatory idiotopes, Vβ8.2-44-54, caused worsening of EAE, implicating response to this epitope in recovery from EAE. However, neonatally-induced tolerance to ...
In todays edition we focus on the nutritional benefits of colostrum in mammal newborns such as calves, kids, lambs, puppies, piglets, foals, cubs, and pups.
The mammalian fetus affixed to the uterine wall in some ways resembles a homograft, but maternal homograft immunity even when specifically directed against her fetuses fails to destroy them. The placental barrier appears to be critical in protecting the fetus against maternal immunologic attack. In order to evaluate the means by which it affords protection, we have measured in rabbits the transfer of cytotoxic antibody from mother to fetus. When the offspring were not the specific targets for maternal antibody, we found titers of cytotoxic antibody in the newborn animals at or near maternal levels in 16 of 18 cases (89 per cent), demonstrating the ability of this antibody to cross the rabbit placenta. When the offspring were appropriate targets for antibody, however, 11 of 18 newborn animals (61 per cent) had no demonstrable titer. We believe that in these latter cases, antibody had become fixed to antigenic sites and thereby had been removed from the fetal circulation. There was, however, no ...
Besides the gross-out factor, however, there are other issues with this. First off, there is always a little concern that the dog will not take kindly to the boys matter-of-factly taking a toy out of his mouth. So far this hasnt been a problem, but it is always a worry. Secondly, the dog toys often have buttons and pieces that can come off and will not be safe for babies. Thirdly, the baby toys do not hold up to dog chewing, meaning our lovely set wood blocks that we searched for no less than 45 minutes at our local Target to find is now short about five blocks ...
Existing neonatal treatment intensity models can predict mortality and morbidity. Discriminatory performance as measured by the area under the receiver operating curve is poorest for long-term morbidity (0.59) and highest for in-hospital mortality in infants weighing 1000-1499 g for NTISS measured at 72 h post admission (0.958) [34, 39]. Calibration was reported by Gray et al. only who found a close agreement between observed and predicted in-hospital mortality by the Hosmer-Lemeshow test [19]. Using a variety of tests of statistical association rather than predictive performance, treatment intensity was found also to be associated with mortality, morbidity and resource utilisation [19, 35, 37, 39, 40].. Discriminatory performance of neonatal treatment intensity models for predicting in-hospital mortality measured by AUROC ranges from 0.749 to 0.958 [38, 39]. The recommended threshold for good discrimination is 0.8 [11]. The reported performance therefore suggests that the treatment scoring ...
In order to study the various trends and patterns prevailing in the concerned market, Fact.MR has included a new report titled Fetal and Neonatal Heart Monitor Market to its wide online database including upcoming trends and growth factors through 2018-2028. This research assessment offers a clear insight about the influential factors that are expected to transform the global market in the near future. The report studies the Fetal and Neonatal Heart Monitor Market worldwide, especially in North America, Europe, Southeast Asia, India and Other Regions with production, size, growth, revenue, consumption, import and export in these regions. The intelligent report also anticipates that the market would grow at a constructive CAGR until 2028.. Request for Sample of this Global Fetal and Neonatal Heart Monitor Market Research Report Here - Preterm birth is one of the most prevalent cause of stillbirths, or fetal mortality, and neonatal ...
This Application uses the Anti-GLAST antibody to generate highly purified and viable astrocytes from neonatal mouse brain tissue. | Ireland
In this Application, we describe a protocol to generate highly purified and viable astrocytes from neonatal mouse brain tissue. - France
Este protocolo tanto visualmente comunica la preparación de la médula espinal de la médula oblonga y aclara la preparación de cortes...
Pressure loads were applied to the right ventricles of newborn lambs and adult sheep by surgical narrowing of the lumen of the main pulmonary artery. Significant increases in right ventricular weight and in the diameter of the right coronary artery occurred in both age groups of animals, compared with corresponding control animals. The evidence suggests that the degree of increase in the arterial diameters, relative to the increase in ventricular muscle mass, is similar in both newborn and adult animals. However, the results suggest also that the capacity to respond to pressure loads, in terms of increased muscle mass, is relatively greater in the newborn animals than in the adults.. ...
The isolated perfused liver technique is the in vitro system most nearly comparable to the intact liver for experimental investigations on drug metabolism. The model currently used employs liver from different species, but only adults. For the first time, we have set up an experimental investigation involving perfusion of the liver of newborn animals. Using theophylline (TH) as tool drug, an in vivo/in vitro and adult/newborn disposition study was made in the rabbit. After a 10 mg/kg dose iv to adult rabbits and ip to rabbits at birth, the pharmacokinetic profile of TH was analyzed during liver perfusion at comparable TH concentrations in the medium. A few biochemical variables were recorded. No age-related differences were observed in the release of glutamic-oxalacetic transaminase and lactate dehydrogenase over the perfusion time. O2 consumption was higher in adults than in newborns, in accordance with the lower metabolic capacity of the neonatal liver, supported by the lower values of ...
Large populations (up to 600/cell) of spherical, electron-opaque granules ∼0.3 to 0.4 µ in diameter are characteristically found in muscle fibers of mammalian atria. They are absent in muscle fibers of the ventricles. The granules are concentrated in the sarcoplasmic core and occur in lesser numbers in the sarcoplasmic layers between myofibrils and under the plasma membrane. Their intimate association with a central voluminous Golgi complex and the frequent occurrence of material reminiscent of the granular content within the cisternae of the Golgi complex suggest that the latter is involved in the formation of the atrial granules. Atrial granules are larger and more numerous in smaller species (rat, mouse), and generally smaller and less numerous in larger mammals (dog, cat, human); they are absent from the atrial fibers of very young fetuses (rat) but are present in those of newborn animals. A small population of bodies containing glycogen particles and remnants of the endoplasmic reticulum ...
Functional testing showed that electrical stimulation of muscle fibers caused limbs to contract with 80% strength of what would be seen in newborn animals.
goats. In the US, it is estimated that over 90% of dairy herds are infected with MAP. The clinical signs ... Infected animals with MAP are difficult to identify and segregate from the herd or flock due to: (1) long ... lack of reliable diagnostic methods. Newborn animals are infected at the time of parturition by .... ...
Great posts. Thanks. I am so glad to find this site for you have an appreciation for animals like I do. We were planning to buy 2 foxes from different sellers so we would be a propagator. It is the only way to keep some. Newborn animals is nothing new to us. We are used to around the clock care for new born animals. From dogs cats, llamas, horses, bot bellied pigs etc, etc. I fully understand the amount of work it will take to work with a fox. Although I do admit I lack the experience I do not lack the passion. We have to start some time and this is what the forum is for those who can not have more experience hands on. We do live in country so no ordinances or neighbors. The location of where I though of putting them is in a separate building which is on a slab of concrete. Has full plumbing and even a shower in there. After reading posts I plan of converting a window to an outdoor pen as well so they can have the best of both worlds. In the room I wasnplannin on filling it with dirt, woodchips, ...
Experience a busy spring day on a working 19th century farm! Help with spring planting in the large kitchen garden, sow oats in the fields or wash clothes in a washtub. Authentic demonstrations include blacksmithing, plowing with the horses and visiting newborn animals. Craft activities, shuttle rides to and from the Nature Center, refreshments and games make this a fun event.. This event is for all ages. Cost is $4 per person or $16 per family. Children ages 3 and younger are free. ...
Super 7+ Navel Dip is an umbilical cord dry-out and protective solution for newborn animals. This is a safe & effective alternative to strong iodine. The Navel Dip is NOT intended for use on wounds.
Find a Ole Miss Rebels NCAA Newborn Heart Short Sleeve Creeper at today! With our huge selection of Ole Miss Rebels gear, youll find what you need.
Intracerebral administration of recombinant adeno-associated vector (AAV) has been performed in several clinical trials. However, delivery into the brain requires multiple injections and is not efficient to target the spinal cord, thus limiting its applications. To assess widespread and less invasive strategies, we tested intravenous (IV) or intrathecal (that is, in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)) delivery of a rAAVrh10-egfp vector in adult and neonate rats and studied the effect of the age at injection on neurotropism. IV delivery is more efficient in neonates and targets predominantly Purkinje cells of the cerebellum and sensory neurons of the spinal cord and dorsal root ganglia. A single intra-CSF administration of AAVrh10, single strand or oversized self-complementary, is efficient for the targeting of neurons in the cerebral hemispheres, cerebellum, brainstem and spinal cord. Green fluorescent protein (GFP) expression is more widespread in neonates when compared with adults. More than 50% of motor
TY - JOUR. T1 - Abnormal maturation of cerebral cortex and behavioral deficit in adult rats after neonatal administration of antibodies to ganglioside.. AU - Kasarskis, Edward J.. AU - Karpiak, Stephen E.. AU - Rapport, Maurice M.. AU - Yu, Robert K.. AU - Bass, Norman H.. PY - 1981/1/1. Y1 - 1981/1/1. N2 - Five-day-old rats received a single injection (50 microliter) of antiserum to ganglioside into the cisterna magna and were compared to control animals injected with the antiserum which had been absorbed with pure GM1 ganglioside to remove the specific antibodies. Both groups showed normal rates of body growth. However, animals receiving antiganglioside serum had, at 60 days of age, impaired performance when tested on a complex learning task (DRL) as well as chemical and morphological alterations in the somatosensory cerebral cortex. Gross morphology and wet weight of whole brain were normal in both groups. Microchemical analysis of somatosensory isocortex revealed a normal content of total ...
PubMed comprises more than 30 million citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books. Citations may include links to full-text content from PubMed Central and publisher web sites.
Plates 34A, 34B Lower Thoracic Section 1741 Total area: 1.6474 mm2Plates 35A, 35B Upper Lumbar Section 1821 Total area: 2.7717 mm2Plates 36A,
Video articles in JoVE about cranial nerves include Ocular Kinematics Measured by In Vitro Stimulation of the Cranial Nerves in the Turtle, Preparation of Rhythmically-active In Vitro Neonatal Rodent Brainstem-spinal Cord and Thin Slice, Intra-Operative Neural Monitoring of Thyroid Surgery in a Porcine Model, Imaging Calcium Responses in GFP-tagged Neurons of Hypothalamic Mouse Brain Slices, Combining Lipophilic dye, in situ Hybridization, Immunohistochemistry, and Histology, Slice Preparation, Organotypic Tissue Culturing and Luciferase Recording of Clock Gene Activity in the Suprachiasmatic Nucleus, Biomarkers in an Animal Model for Revealing Neural, Hematologic, and Behavioral Correlates of PTSD, Primary Orthotopic Glioma Xenografts Recapitulate Infiltrative Growth and Isocitrate Dehydrogenase I Mutation, Preparation of Acute Hippocampal Slices from Rats and Transgenic Mice for the Study of Synaptic Alterations during Aging and Amyloid Pathology, Intranasal Delivery of
Colony stimulating factor-1 (CSF-1) regulates the survival, proliferation, and differentiation of mononuclear phagocytes. To determine whether CSF-1 plays a role in the perinatal development of these cells, CSF-1 protein and mRNA expression in tissues and serum from fetal/neonatal mice and their mothers was analyzed. As fetal/neonatal age increased, CSF-1 concentrations ...
From the evolutionary point of view it is quite interesting that often males and females are born in approximately similar numbers despite the fact stated by Rap, that you only need a few males to fertilize dozens of females, or even more. In many species this obviously has a lot to do with competition: the nature makes males to fight for their right to have offspring, thus ensuring that the best genes survive. But if so, why not make 2/3 males and 1/3 of females to make the competition even more fierce? Or make 1/3 males and 2/3 females simply to allow for more babies to be born. Also, human males are born at a slightly higher rate than females, is this because more males get themselves killed before they reach adult age ...
Today is National Running Day, celebrating one of the best ways to get healthy and stay in shape. Although many people prefer to run solo, you might have an eager running buddy right in your own home!
Oaktown Pup gonna give it to ya! After dancing to the latest Fetch! Pet Care Video Of the Week, youll know exactly what these talented pups are serving!
When you are feeling sore after giving birth, it is hard to even contemplate a poo. 10 expert tips to manage to your postnatal poos without pain.
This girl is in a high kill gas shelter - she gave birth to 9 pups soon after being brought in. Nothing like leaving her and the pups on a concrete floor - a blanket or a towel at least would be nice. Shes obviously scared to death. Please, please cross-post - this poor mom needs help fast for her and her babies ...
Sav-A-Caf Ultra Start Multi is a versatile multi-species colostrum supplement that is nutritionally complete. Provides 30 g protein from 100% pure Bovine colostrum.
Hypoxic-ischemic brain damage (HIBD) is a relatively common malignant complication that occurs in newborn infants, but promising therapies remain limited. In this study, we focused on the role of miR-326 and its target gene δ-opioid receptor (DOR) in the pathogenesis of neonatal HIBD. The expression levels of miR-326 and DOR after hypoxic-ischemic injury were examined both in vivo and in vitro. The direct relationship between miR-326 and DOR was confirmed by a dual-luciferase reporter assay. Further, effects of miR-326 on cell viability and apoptosis levels under oxygen glucose deprivation (OGD) were analyzed. The expression levels of miR-326 were significantly lower and DOR levels were significantly higher in the HIBD group than the control group both in vivo and in vitro. Overexpression of miR-326 downregulated the expression of DOR, while suppression of miR-326 upregulated the expression of DOR. The dual-luciferase reporter assay further confirmed that DOR could be directly targeted and regulated by
TY - JOUR. T1 - Effect of experimental hypo- and hyperthyroidism on neonatal rat brain histamine levels.. AU - Blanco, I. AU - Rodergas, E. AU - Picatoste, F. AU - Sabriá, J. AU - García, A.. PY - 1978/1/1. Y1 - 1978/1/1. M3 - Article. VL - 8. SP - 384. EP - 384. IS - 4. ER - ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Cell formation in the cortical layers of the developing human cerebellum. AU - Ábrahám, H.. AU - Tornóczky, T.. AU - Kosztolányi, G.. AU - Séress, L.. PY - 2001/2/1. Y1 - 2001/2/1. N2 - Cell proliferation has been studied in the human cerebellar cortex between the 24th gestational week and the 12th postnatal month. Intensive cell formation has been found in the external granular layer (EGL) of the human cerebellum, where the highest cell proliferation rate occurs between the 28th and 34th gestational weeks. This is followed by a gradual decrease that lasts up to the eighth postnatal month. As late in development as the fifth postnatal month, still 30% of cells of the EGL are labeled with the monoclonal antibody Ki-67, which is specific for dividing cells. The width of the EGL remained unchanged from the 28th gestational week to the end of the first postnatal month, when it starts to decrease and completely disappears by the 11th postnatal month. Large number of Ki-67 labeled ...
The purpose of this study was to gain more information on the structure of different layers of renal arteryand comparing these structures in post-natal male and female sheep. To do so, right and left renal arteries of6 adult and 6 newborn animals were dissected; the middle parts of arteries were only collected. After tissueprocessing using paraffin embedding method, 5-6-μm sections were cut and stained with haematoxylin andeosin, green Massons trichrome and Verhoeffs elastic fiber methods. Three layers were identified in thewall of artery in both sexes. In tunica media the number of rows of circular smooth muscle cells was 15-25rows in newborn and 30-40 in adult sheep. External elastic membrane was visible in adult and wasstructurally thinner than the internal membrane. Tunica adventitia was visible in all samples and collagenfibers and smooth muscles bundle were distinguished. The existence of these muscle bundles in externallayer of renal artery was not reported previously in domestic animals and
Fact.MR has adopted multi-disciplinary approach to shed light on the evolution of the global Fetal and Neonatal Heart Monitor market during the historical period of 2013 - 2017. The study presents a deep-dive assessment of the current growth dynamics, major avenues in the estimation year of 2018, and key prospects over the forecast period 2018 - 2028.. Extensive rounds of primary and a comprehensive secondary research have been leveraged by the analysts at Fact.MR to arrive at various estimations and projections of the FETAL AND NEONATAL HEART MONITOR market, both at global and regional levels. The analysts have used numerous industry-wide prominent business intelligence tools to consolidate facts, figures, and market data into revenue estimations and projections in the FETAL AND NEONATAL HEART MONITOR market.. Global sales of fetal and neonatal heart monitors are likely to surpass 261,000 units in 2018, with rising adoption in the US driving sales. Cardiotocographs remain the highest selling ...
T cell development is under tight control of the thymic microenvironment. In turn, the integrity of the thymic microenvironment depends on the physical presence of developing T lymphocytes, a phenomenon designated thymic crosstalk. We previously reported, using a novel mouse strain which has defects in both the thymic medina and cortex, that the induction of thymic cortex by bone marrow (BM) or fetal liver-derived T cell progenitors could be achieved on day 16 or 17 of gestation, but could not be induced in adulthood. Here, we further define the time window for this induction by prothymocytes. We first show that the induction of thymic cortex can be achieved during the neonatal stage. In 2 to 4 day post-partal neonates, BM injection could fully reconstituted the thymic structure and T cell compartments. Mice more than 4 days old showed decreased susceptibility to reconstitution. After 8 days, the susceptibility diminished. Next, we tested whether the induction could be obtained by prothymocytes
A new impedimetric detection of cardiotoxicity induced by doxorubicin in cultured neonatal rat cardiomyocytes, Lin Wei, Shao-Feng Wang, Hong-Wei Gu, Xia Li
Ian Tizzard (From Proceedings Ruvasa Congress 2016). When a mammal is born, it emerges from the sterile uterus into an environment where it is immediately exposed to a host of microorganisms. Its surfaces acquire a complex microbial flora within hours. If it is to survive, the newborn animal must be able to control this microbial invasion. In practice, the adaptive immune system takes some time to become fully functional, and innate mechanisms are responsible for the initial resistance to infection. In the domestic mammals, the adaptive immune system is fully developed at birth but cannot function at adult levels for several weeks. The complete development of adaptive immunity depends on antigenic stimulation. Thus, newborn mammals are vulnerable to infection for the first few weeks of life. They need assistance in defending themselves at this time. This temporary help is provided by the mother in the form of antibodies from colostrum and milk. The passive transfer of immunity from mother to ...
Due to the special growth and developmental characteristics of newborn infants, VILI is thought to play an important role in the pathogenesis of neonatal chronic lung disease, which has an adverse effect on the survival rate and the quality of life for newborns with ALI/ARDS. To study newborn ALI/ARDS, newborn animals, such as piglets,5,6 rats,7 and rabbits,8 have been used as animal models. Because the organ development, lung volume, and birth weight of newborn piglets resemble those of newborn infants, the current study used induced ALI/ARDS in newborn piglets.. One of the aims in this study was to compare the histopathological features of the lung damage in gravitation-dependent and gravitation-nondependent regions. Compared to the gravitation-nondependent region, the gravitation-dependent region displayed increased lung swelling and hemorrhaging, and damage to the alveolar integrity and organization. We observed increased inflammatory cell infiltration, edema formation, and hemorrhages, ...
A light-and electron-microscopic study of pig hepatocytes from late prenatal to early neonatal animals shows changes which reflect an increasing rate of synthetic activity. The granular endoplasmic reticulum (ER) in the prenatal pig hepatocyte is situated along the periphery of the cytoplasm and in the region immediately surrounding the nucleus. Mitochondria are most abundant in the area adjacent to the nucleus, while the Golgi complex is generally located in the region of the bile canaliculus. The remaining portion of the hepatocyte is occupied with glycogen. A few hours after birth the hepatocyte increases about twofold in size with the nucleus shifting from a peripheral to a more centrally located position. The glycogen decreases quickly coincident with a rapid increase in the amount of granular ER and the dispersion of the mitochondria throughout the cell. The Golgi complex becomes distended and numerous vesicles appear in its immediate vicinity containing a moderately dense material. ...
Durvet Soluble Colostrum Powder designed to assist in the replacement of colostrum in deficient and newborn calves, sheep and goats. Dried colostrum provides a source of maternal antibodies and protein; lactobacillus organisms assist in the establishment of beneficial microflora in newborn animals.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Copper in fetal and neonatal development.. AU - Hurley, L. S.. AU - Keen, Carl L. AU - Lönnerdal, B.. PY - 1980. Y1 - 1980. N2 - The essentially of copper for normal fetal and neonatal development has been well documented, although copper metabolism during this period is poorly understood. The dietary requirement for copper is influenced by genetic background. The neurological phenotypic characteristics of the mutant gene quaking (qk) in mice resemble in part those of copper-deficient animals. Supplementation of the maternal diet with copper during pregnancy and lactation, or during lactation alone, greatly reduced the frequency of tremors characteristic of these mutants, and brought the otherwise low copper concentrations in the brain to normal. Prenatal copper supplementation of crinkled (cr) mice increased neonatal survival and produced nearly normal development of skin and hair. Non-supplemented cr/cr mice showed anaemia at 21 days of age which disappeared later. Similarly, ...
It has been speculated whether the metabolism of the pre-implantation embryo may be reflected on the pregnancy and characteristics of the newborn animal. The present study investigated whether respiration rates of individual embryos were correlated with gestation length, type of parturition, birth weight, sex, and viability of the offspring. In-vivo embryos (n = 47) were recovered on day 7 from 11 superovulated and inseminated Holstein-Friesian cows and embryonic respiration rates were measured individually by nanorespirometry. The embryos were classified according to morphological quality (I, II, III), stage of development, and diameter and were subsequently transferred individually (n = 43) to synchronized recipients. Gestation length of the recipients (n = 22) was calculated and the type of parturition (no assistance, light traction, heavy traction, or caesarean section) recorded. Sex, weight, and condition of the calves at birth (weak, normal, or very active) were also assessed. Results were ...
The 12th International Newborn Brain Conference will go ahead as a series of novel webinars, in collaboration with the Newborn Brain Society. This conference has always aimed to provide a state-of-the-art forum for the discussion of current research and clinical care in newborn brain monitoring and neuroprotection. The lineup of speakers and faculty are world leaders in newborn brain research and we are excited to be able to bring this conference back to life in light of all the challenges we have had with a global pandemic. We will be holding webinars every week on Thursdays at 12 PM EST from January 14th - June 10th, 2021, and we will offer 1 AMA PRA Category 1 Credit for physicians and 1 continuing nursing education contact hour for nursing NBS members who attend each live webinar. We will be advertising each individual session, as well as the whole series, throughout the next few months.. Please note, each session will be recorded and available for NBS members to view on our member portal. ...
Transport systems for organic compounds are immature in the kidney of most newborn animals. Measured in vitro, uptake of p-aminohippuric acid (PAH) into renal cortical slices is low in tissue from 2-week-old rabbits, peaks at 4 weeks and declines to adult levels. To minimize limitations encountered with the slice technique, a separated tubule preparation was employed to estimate transport. Segments of proximal tubules were prepared by incubating renal cortex in 0.375% collagenase-Ringer solution. The tubules were washed, filtered, suspended in a Ringer-acetate solution containing dilute PAH, oxygenated and incubated at 25°C. The tubules from young animals consumed oxygen to the same extent as those from adult. Intracellular concentrations of sodium and potassium were similar at each age tested. Maximal PAH uptake (T/M ratio) was Obtained after approximately 30 minutes of incubation in tissue from animals of all ages. Adult T/M ratios were significantly higher in the presence of acetate. The ...
Brown fat, also known as brown adipose tissue, is a special type of fat that turns on (becomes activated) when you get cold, to help maintain body temperature.. Importantly, brown fat is a biological fuel that can increase the metabolic rate, decrease fat storage, and thereby, lower ones propensity for developing obesity. It was previously thought that individuals were born with only a finite number of brown fat cells.. Here, and for the first time, a recent publication in the journal Scientific Reports identifies that brown fat can continue to grow and divide, even after birth. This finding has major implications; scientists can try to increase the overall number of these cells to prevent or reduce the onset of obesity.. Dr. Zhiqiang Lin, Assistant Professor and senior author of the manuscript, together with his research team at the Masonic Medical Research Institute in Utica, quantified the number of brown fat cells present in newborn animals.. For years, researchers have been arguing over ...
Science/Animal: CBD prevented the brain from damage due to lack of oxygen in newborns. In a study with rats administration of CBD prevented newborn animals from the consequences of lack of oxygen supply, namely disturbance of myelination of nerve cells and associated functional impairment.. Health Research Institute Puerta de Hierro Majadahonda, Madrid, Spain.. Ceprián M, et al. Front Pharmacol. 2019;10:1131.. Science/ Cells: How CBD reduces inflammation of brain cells. Studies of microglia cells showed that CBD exerts its anti-inflammatory effect by, among other things, antioxidant effects on the microglia.. The authors wrote that these results further confirm that CBD can have therapeutic effect under conditions where neuro-inflammatory processes are present.. Sorbonne, your Cerveau and the Moelle épinière (ICM), Paris, France Institute.. Dos-Santos-Pereira M, et al. Glia, 24. October 2019. Science / Animal: CBD can be useful in Parkinsons disease and tardive dyskinesia The repeated ...
Cells and virus preparation. Transformed fetal liver cells, bone marrow cells, and tumor-derived cell lines were maintained in RPMI medium containing 10% FCS, 100 U/ml penicillin/streptomycin, and 5 μM β-mercaptoethanol. A010 cells that produce an ecotropic replication-deficient form of the Abelson virus were maintained in DMEM containing 10% FCS and 100 U/ml penicillin/streptomycin. Viral supernatant was prepared as previously described (49).. Mice and infection of neonatal mice with A-MuLV. TYK2-/- mice were described previously (25) and were backcrossed to C57BL/6 for 8 generations. Nude mice were purchased from the Institut für Labortierkunde und Genetik (Himberg, Austria).. For the infection of newborn animals, TYK2+/- were bred with TYK2-/- animals. Hence, every litter contained TYK2+/- and TYK2-/- animals to ensure appropriate controls. We initially started the in vivo transformation experiments by intercrossing TYK2+/- and TYK2+/- mice and analyzed leukemia/lymphoma formation in all 3 ...
Cerebral hypoxia-ischemia in human infants presents a complex clinical problem in that no standardized treatment currently exists. With an understanding of the cellular and metabolic changes brought about during hypoxia-ischemia in the immature brain, researchers can better understand the course of damage caused by ischemia. Such damage was induced in young rats in an attempt to learn more about the mechanisms of hypoxia-ischemia. Seven-day-old rat pups underwent permanent unilateral carotid artery ligation and then were exposed to systemic hypoxia. At 15 days of postnatal age, researchers used neuropathologic analysis, gross examination, and staining of brain slices to assess the severity of damage from hypoxia-ischemia. Hypoxic preconditioning appeared to reduce or prevent tissue damage during a subsequent hypoxic-ischemic event.
Pilot is healing great. He has lost weight, and sports an 88lb figure. Hes working on muscle-building and range-of-motion in his rehab program.. Melody has had an evaluation by our favorite neurologist Dr. Stevenson. Melody has had some changes in her behavior patterns that are concerning. Knowing that she is already epileptic, there is a worry that something is changing in her brain. Well keep you updated on what the tests show.. And, lets not forget the cats~. Scooter has had four rectal prolapses in the last 3 weeks. Once again, were trying to find the right balance of medications to keep this at bay. Its probably due to grooming and too much hair ingestion, so it will hopefully end soon!. MeiLi had a severe episode of respiratory trouble. She became so stuffed up that she actually went into respiratory arrest early one morning ~ and yes, you can rescue breathe for a kitty! Like a newborn animal who needs stimulation to breathe, I gently hung her upside down and swung her (not as violent ...
rotavirus: Any of a group of wheel-shaped, RNA-contained viruses that cause gastroenteritis, especially in infants and newborn animals.
The story of a gorilla, from birth to adulthood, photographed on location in the wild by an award-winning American photographer, who specialises in work with newborn animals. The text will show all the aspects of the animals life in the wild, accompanied by close-up pictures of the family group in its natural habitat. A spread at the back of the book will give further conservation information, including useful websites ...
VetOne Navel-Guard - VetOne Navel Guard is an effective, fast acting, navel dip for newborn animals as an alternative to 7% Iodine. Used for rapid drying of the navel, Navel Guard is broad spectrum, passing the FDAs USP Antimicrobial Testing. Manufactured under FDA GMP regulations, Navel Guard is safe, iodine free, non-toxic, and non-hazardous while reducing pain for the animal. Eco-friendly and 100% bio-degradable, Navel Guard uses all FDA approved or FDA GRAS ingredients while remaining competitively priced without hazardous shipping charges. Navel Guard has been field tested against no-dipping, the lower range of Iodines and the gold standard of 7% Iodine. Against no-dipping and low Iodine levels, Navel Guard had 53% less infections. Compared to 7% Iodine, Navel Guard had 36% less infections, proving superior effectiveness over the industry standard.
Controlled Iodine Spray is indicated for use in cattle, horses, swine and sheep as a topical antiseptic for use prior to surgical procedures such as castrating and docking; for ringworm and foot rot; for application to the navel of newborn animals; and for minor cuts, teat sores, bruises and abrasions ...
The Iodine Wound Spray is for use on horses, cattle, swine and sheep for application to the navel of newborn animals, and to aid in the treatment of foot rot, sores, minor cuts, bruises, skin infections and abrasions.
We have investigated the dynamics of meiotic prophase I in neonatal ovaries from different wild rodent species, from a laboratory strain ofMus musculus and
For some time it has been thought that antigenic challenge in neonatal life is a tolerogenic rather than immunogenic event. Reexamination of the classic neonatal tolerance experiments of Billingham, Brent, and Medawar showed that tolerance is not an intrinsic property of the newborn immune system, but that the nature of the antigen-presenting cell determines whether the outcome is neonatal tolerance or immunization.
Animals and reagents. Newborn Sprague-Dawley rats (18-20 g) were supplied by the Animal Center of Guangzhou Medical University. Rats were housed and used in accordance with our institutional guidelines for animal care and the Guide for Animal Care of the National Institutes of Health. Dulbeccos modified Eagles medium (DMEM), fetal bovine serum (FBS), and TRIzol were purchased from Gibco BRL (USA). Trypsin was obtained from Amersco (USA). Alpha-sarcomeric actin was purchased from Santa Cruz Biotechnology (USA). The SYBR®GreenPCR Master Mix was obtained from Applied Biosystems (USA). The Thermo ScriptRT-PCR kit was purchased from Invitrogen (USA). [3H]-leucine (Leu) was obtained from the China Institute of Atomic Energy (China) and recombinant Ang II and HGF were purchased from Sigma (Germany).. Primary cardiomyocyte culture. Rat neonatal ventricular cardiomyocytes were prepared as previously described, with some modifications (17). The cells were suspended in DMEM containing 10% FBS and 0.1 mM ...
One strategy we are undertaking to advance this work is to characterize the antigen-presenting environment in pre- and post-natal life, with the focus on defining factors that dictate whether exposure to allergen in early life induces T cell sensitization or tolerance. The thinking is that in certain circumstances, T cell sensitization can occur in utero or in early post-natal life and that factors responsible for these circumstances have increased in the past 20 years. It has been proposed that this could explain the increased incidence of asthma and other inflammatory diseases. The challenge for scientists is to identify factors that control this process, with the ultimate goal of developing therapeutic strategies to reverse the progressive increase in disease. Our studies are focused on antigen-presenting cells such as dendritic cells (DCs) or macrophages, as they are known to direct the T cell responses to antigen throughout life, presumably including the pre- and post-natal period. In ...
Semantic Scholar extracted view of Effects of prenatal exposure to 2,4-D/2,4,5-T mixture on postnatal changes in rat brain glutamate, GABA, protein, and nucleic acid levels. by Fouad Kasim Mohammad et al.
A lipid metabolite called 12,13-diHOME is in human breast milk and appears to be associated with beneficial infant weight gain and body composition in the early postnatal period.
Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of Angiotensin II type 1 receptor antagonist attenuates lung fibrosis in hyperoxia-exposed newborn rats. Together they form a unique fingerprint. ...
Caring for newborn kittens is hard work. They require attention and care around the clock. If you have recently taken in some newborn kittens, you will have your work cut out for you. If the mother cat is still in the picture, she can...
Fetal and Neonatal Heart Monitor Market is driven by rise in cases of preterm birth due to premature rupture of membrane, rise in prevalence of heart disorders, introduction of new digital technologies, and well-developed health care infrastructure
BISAC: SCI089000. The ability to observe the world around us through sight provides us with many advantages we may take for granted daily. We are able to recognize a hazard well in advance because we see it; we can find allies because we see them. Further, thanks to the perception of the world that gives us sight, we can collect information to help us develop feelings, such as trust in others, love and sensations, like beauty.. However, the mechanism to enjoy this capability is really complex, starting with the structure responsible for receiving, processing and transmitting information to the brain. This book discusses the ways in which ganglion cells are used in the nervous system, as well as their morphology, functional development and role in diseases. (Imprint: Nova Biomedical ). ...
Journal Article: Neural Stem Cells Expressing bFGF Reduce Brain Damage and Restore Sensorimotor Function after Neonatal Hypoxia-Ischemia. Ye, Qingsong, Wu, Yanqing, Wu, Jiamin, Zou, Shuang, Al-Zaazaai, Ali Ahmed, Zhang, Hongyu, Shi, Hongxue, Xie, Ling, Liu, Yanlong, Xu, Ke, He, Huacheng, Zhang, Fabiao, Ji, Yiming, He, Yan and Xiao, Jian (2017) Neural Stem Cells Expressing bFGF Reduce Brain Damage and Restore Sensorimotor Function after Neonatal Hypoxia-Ischemia. Cellular physiology and biochemistry : international journal of experimental cellular physiology, biochemistry, and pharmacology, 45 1: 108-118. doi:10.1159/000486226. ...
The level of Fc receptor rosette-forming lymphocytes (Fc-RFL) was examined in spleen and lymph node cell suspension from neonatal DA and BN rats inoculated within 24 hr of birth with either allogeneic L (experimental) or syngeneic (control) lymphoid cells. In addition, these levels were compared to fetal and neonatal animals that received no injection. The indicator cells (EA) were sheep erythrocytes sensitized with one-half concentration of the highest dilution of rabbit anti-sheep erythrocyte IgG(A) which agglutinated an equal amount of 1% suspension of E. Care was taken to exclude scoring macrophages by injecting colloidal carbon at least 1 hr before killing the test animals. The spleen of 19-day DA fetal rats exhibited a level of 19.3% Fc-RFL, similar to that of animals having received adult syngeneic cells at birth (40.0%) by day 7. Thereafter the level of Fc-RFL did not vary appreciably between these two groups. However, as early as 2 days after inoculation there was a significantly greater
, Newborn Calf Serum - 100mL, GTX73196, Applications: Blocking, ELISA, ICC/IF, IHC, WB; Blocking, ELISA, Immunocytochemistry/ Immunofluorescence (ICC/IF), Immunohistochemistry (IHC), Western Blot (WB); CrossReactivity:
Gentaur molecular products has all kinds of products like :search , SeraLab \ Bovine Newborn Calf Serum GemCell™ U.S. Origin \ GEM-100-504-H for more molecular products just contact us
Team leader: Stephane Mortaud. The general theme of the team has been developed at the INEM since 2010. It concerns the vulnerability of the nervous system to environmental factors during development, notably following chronic exposure to very low-dosage xenobiotics (pesticides, toxins, etc.) during gestation and early post-natal development.. This theme is thus included in the analysis of the xenobiotics risk which requires consideration of the vulnerability of early development and the long term effects of an altered programming on the nervous system. The main theme is the study of the effects of environmental agents potentially toxic at low doses, notably pesticides and the biotransformation products issued from these xenobiotics in the organism.. ...
Although some invertebrates can regrow parts of their hearts after damage, that has not been known to be possible for mammals. Until now, that is. Hesham Sadek and his colleagues from the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center have observed heart regeneration in newborn mice.. The researchers removed 15% of the heart tissue from newborn mice. To their surprise, the infant mice were able to regrow the tissue. The resultant hearts looked and performed exactly like normal hearts. This ability was retained until the mice were seven days old, at which point they lost the capacity to grow new heart muscle. To put that in perspective, mice reach maturity between 6 to 8 weeks and can live for two or three years. Thus, the ability to fix heart problems continues for a large part of the mouses childhood.. The scientists believe that the infant mices cardiomyocytes, the beating cells of the heart, can stop beating and divide, repairing the damage. The next step is to figure out whether adult ...
BACKGROUND: Although studies in neonatal animals show that anesthetics have neurotoxic effects, relevant human evidence is limited. We examined whether children who had surgery during infancy showed deficits in academic achievement.. METHODS: We attempted to contact parents of 577 children who, during infancy, had one of three operations typically performed in otherwise healthy children. We compared scores on academic achievement tests with population norms.. RESULTS: Composite scores were available for 287 patients. The mean normal curve equivalent score was 43.0 ± 22.4 (mean ± SD), lower than the expected normative value of 50, P , 0.0001 by one-sample Student t test; and 35 (12%) had scores below the 5th percentile, more than expected, P , 0.00001 by binomial test. Of 133 patients who consented to participate so that their scores could be examined in relation to their medical records, the mean score was 45.9 ± 22.9, P = 0.0411; and 15 (11%) scored below the 5th percentile, P = 0.0039. Of ...
Chronic kidney disease affects more than 10% of the population. Programming studies have examined the interrelationship between environmental factors and differences in morbidity and mortality between individuals. A number of important principles has been identified, namely permanent structural modifications of organs and cells, long lasting adjustments of endocrine regulatory circuits, as well as altered gene transcription. Risk factors include intrauterine deficiencies by disturbed placental function or maternal malnutrition, prematurity, intrauterine and postnatal stress, intrauterine and postnatal overnutrition, as well as dietary dysbalances in postnatal life. This mini-review discusses critical developmental periods and long term sequelae of renal programming in humans and presents studies examining the underlying mechanisms as well as interventional approaches to
Maturational differences in lung NF-κB activation and their role in tolerance to hyperoxia: Neonatal rodents are more tolerant to hyperoxia than adults. We dete
Caring for newborn kittens is a great responsibility that can be quite easy, enjoyable and rewarding if you know what to do. This guide will help.
In Ashtang Ayurveda, there is a special branch called Kaumarbhrutya Tantra which foccuses on pediatric issues & covers all aspects of child growth starting from neonatal stage to adolescence .
Effective neonatal immunization of human beings has proven challenging. results CHIR-265 may possess essential implications for immunization of human being babies. Newborns are at risk for exposure to many infectious diseases, yet vaccination generally is not carried out until 2C3 months of age, owing to the immaturity of the neonatal immune system (1). In particular, B cell responses are weak and preferentially generate IgM/IgG1 antibody isotypes, and cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) responses are CHIR-265 poor (see ref. 2). In addition, maternally derived antibodies can interfere with the vaccine (3C6). Young mice are useful models to test immunization strategies for newborn humans since their response to protein antigens has similar limitations (7). Although it has been thought that immunization early in life would induce immunological tolerance (8C11), humoral responses have been induced in newborn mice against a variety of antigens (12C14). This recently has been shown to depend on an ...
I was first surprised by how friendly, welcoming, and open the LoTurco lab was. The graduate students and other undergrads were very open to sharing and explaining their research. One graduate student scheduled time for me to observe an analysis using the microscopy labs TEM (Transmission Electron Microscope), and another let me observe her calcium imaging and stimulation in the brains of neonatal mice. I was also surprised by how willing they were to help me when I was unsure of exactly how to use a certain device, and how eager they were to discuss the topics of papers I had questions about.. Im fascinated by all aspects of the brain - especially its development, functioning, and regulation - so all the projects the lab is working on interested me. I was particularly interested in one students work with calcium imaging in the development of neonatal mice brains. The study involves the dissection and subsequent stimulation of mice brains, analyzing calcium signaling in response to various ...
Hudson, Peter J.; Newborn, David; Dobson, Andrew P. (1992). "Regulation and Stability of a Free-Living Host-Parasite System: ... I. Monitoring and Parasite Reduction Experiments". Journal of Animal Ecology. 61 (2): 477-486. doi:10.2307/5338. ISSN 0021-8790 ...
Animal Behaviour. 61 (2): 297-303. doi:10.1006/anbe.2000.1574. S2CID 53161782. Hudson, Peter; Newborn, David (1990). "Brood ... While animals performing distraction displays are rarely documented as being killed, risks to the displaying animal do exist. ... However, animals may also imitate the behavior of a small rodent or alternative prey item for the predator; imitate young or ... The displaying animal was killed by the second predator. Additionally, it has been shown that some predators are "smart", or ...
In some cases when a parasite has weakened an animal it will become easier prey for a predator species. Occasionally predators ... 2003). Hudson, Dobson & Newborn (1992). Cáceres, Knight & Hall (2009). Duffy (2009). Preston et al. (2016). Anderson (1978). ... As biodiversity is lost worldwide, it is oftentimes the larger, slower reproducing animal species that will go extinct first. ... Hudson, Peter J.; Dobson, Andrew P.; Newborn, David (1992). "Do Parasites make Prey Vulnerable to Predation? Red Grouse and ...
"Newborn Giant Panda". Retrieved 5 Dec 2013. "Desert Animal Area". "Amphibian and Reptile House". Media ... and lived out most of his life and was the most popular animal at the zoo, and the most famous animal in Taiwan until it ... Protect the Animals statue Clouded leopard Formosan black bear Formosan sika deer Formosan rock macaques Meerkats Yuan Zai the ... Animals from the rainforests of Southeast Asia are featured here, including Asian elephants, Asian small-clawed otters, Bengal ...
Applied Animal Behaviour Science. 110 (1-2): 144-165. doi:10.1016/j.applanim.2007.03.028. "Feeding the Newborn Dairy Calf". ... If the animal is slaughtered then it is no longer "good animal welfare". It is the human responsibility of the animals' ... These dominant animals have a priority choice of feed or lying areas and are generally stronger animals. For these reasons, it ... Proper animal handling, or stockmanship, is crucial to dairy animals' welfare as well as the safety of their handlers. Improper ...
The hieroglyph represents any newborn animal, and specifically the calf as the hieroglyph. In Egyptian hieroglyphs, the ... Budge's vocabulary dictionary for the Book of the Dead has about thirty entries that start with newborn calf, "iu". They relate ... The Newborn calf (hieroglyph) is Gardiner's sign listed no. E9, in the series of mammals. ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to Newborn calf (hieroglyph). Gardiner's Sign List#E. Mammals List of Egyptian hieroglyphs ...
4-IPO has, similar to humans, a toxic effect on animals. It is toxic to livestock and many laboratory animals. Male rabbits, ... 4-IPO can also threaten newborn calves. If they become exposed to 4-IPO it increases their susceptibility to bovine ... One of the 4-IPO metabolites is toxic to the lungs, liver and kidney in humans and animals. This metabolite can covalently bind ...
Kumar, Ajay (14 September 2007). "Newborn Hippo cheers animal lovers at Patna Zoo". India Travel Times. Archived from the ... Breeding captive wild animals is a difficult challenge that the zoo has met with some notable success. The great one-horned ... "Patna zoo to get 14 new animals - The Times of India". The Times of India. Archived from the original on 15 April 2014. "Lone ... Patna zoo The zoo is currently home to over 800 animals of about 110 species, including tiger, leopard, clouded leopard, ...
The newborn polecats are completely vulnerable; they are born blind, deaf, and naked. Around one to five offspring are born per ... During the day, it burrows into the brush or sleeps in the burrows of other animals. Most often, striped polecats are found in ... The striped polecat is an aggressive and very territorial animal. It marks its territory with its feces and through an anal ... Ictonyx striatus on the Animal Diversity Web images of zorilla (Ictonyx striatus) at ARKive (Articles with short description, ...
... the newborn pre-weaned animals. With around 1 billion individuals alive at any time, the domestic pig is one of the most ... Pigs are omnivores, which means that they consume both plants and animals. In the wild, they are foraging animals, primarily ... Some attacks on newborn piglets are non-fatal. Others may kill the piglets and sometimes, the mother may eat them. An estimated ... Animals portal Babirusa Bushpig Domestic pig Entelodont Feral pig Fetal pig Hog-baiting List of fictional pigs List of pigs ...
Newborn and juvenile golden lanceheads prey primarily upon invertebrates. Adult B. insularis are able to survive off only one ... Adult Bothrops insularis are the only animals on the island of Queimada Grande that have been reported to eat birds. There are ... The average size for a litter of golden lanceheads is 6.5 newborns. There are no published data for the size of the golden ... Therefore, studies would have to be done to determine whether or not juvenile and newborn golden lanceheads must compete for ...
"Awardees". Bustad Companion Animal Veterinarian of the Year Award. Retrieved March 16, 2018. Wilson, Tracy (8 May ... 1999) ISBN 0929346653 Imprint Training of the Newborn Foal. Western Horseman Publishing. (2003 ISBN 1585746665 / 1991 Vintage ... "Bustad Companion Animal Veterinarian of the Year Award". American Veterinary Medical Foundation. Retrieved March ... Additionally, he still keeps some animals, including dogs, horses, and mules, on his ranch. The Passion For Horses & Artistic ...
It features a poem for a newborn baby, Kulu; "Kulu" is a term of endearment for babies and young children in Inuktitut. Kulu is ... The book emphasizes traditional Inuit values of care and stewardship for nature, respect for animals, and connection to the ... blessed with the animals of the Arctic. ...
Insomnia Mania: Newborn Mammals Don't Sleep for a Month. Hecker, Bruce (2 February 1998). "How do Whales and ... Outside of a few basal animals that have no brain or a very simple one, no animals have been found to date that satisfy any of ... Some hibernating animals end their hibernation a couple of times during the winter so that they can sleep. Hibernating animals ... Animal Q&A: Fascinating Answers to Questions about Animals. By Judith S. Weis. New Brunswick (New Jersey): Rutgers University ...
... tells of Bree's life as a newborn vampire and her interactions with Riley, the Cullens, and other members of the newborn army. ... A member of the Olympic Coven, Edward only drinks animal blood and has the special ability to read minds. He falls in love with ... for their tact in using newborns as soldiers, whom they dispose of after they cease to be newborns. Maria also bit and ... During the newborn attack in Eclipse, Seth stays with Bella and Edward due to his youth and acts as a connection to the pack ...
E.I. Goldenthal (1971). "A compilation of LD50 values in newborn and adult animals". Toxicol. Appl. Pharmacol. 18 (1): 185-207 ...
Newborn animals are well-developed and immediately able to stand; they are fully active after 30 minutes. The young stand on ... They are rather trusting but delicate animals. They feed on fallen fruits, aquatic plants, buds, leaves, shrubs and grasses. ...
Mice without fur are easier for the animal to consume; however, mice with fur may be more convincing as animal feed.[citation ... ", "hoppers", and "adults". Pinkies are newborn mice that have not yet grown fur; fuzzies have some fur but are not very mobile ... They can also be manipulated in ways that are illegal with humans, although animal rights activists often object. A knockout ... Gorman, James (19 June 2020). "Wildlife Trade Spreads Coronaviruses as Animals Get to Market". The New York Times. "BBC - ...
There was no one to take care of the animals when the incident happened. Three newborn Puma cubs have also died in the zoo. On ... Apart from stuffed animals, skins, antlers, horns and feathers etc. are also placed on display in the museum. The facility is ... The treatment and conditions of the animals in the zoo has been criticized in the Pakistani media. Another reason Karachi Zoo ...
For example, the rate of neurogenesis in aged animals is predictive of memory. However, new born cells in aged animals are ... show markedly decreased levels of newborn neurons. Under chronic stress conditions, the elevation of newborn neurons by ... In fact, newborn neurons are more excitable than older neurons due to a differential expression of GABA receptors. A plausible ... In rodents, many of the newborn dentate gyrus neurons die shortly after they are born, but a number of them become functionally ...
Shortly after birth, newborn rats respond positively to these foods. During nursing: Nursing rats receive information about ... There are several examples in the animal kingdom in which animals utilize social learning to find food. For example, birds are ... Animals can also learn what to eat from social learning with conspecifics. Experimentally discerning harmful foods from edible ... In both cheetahs and domestic cats, adults catch live prey animals and transport them back to cubs, allowing the cubs to learn ...
farrow A young pig, or a litter of newborn pigs. See also piglet. fatling A young animal, e.g. a calf or lamb, that has been ... animal-free agriculture Any agricultural practice or farming method that does not make use of animals or animal products, such ... free range A method of animal farming and animal husbandry in which the animals are permitted to roam freely outdoors, rather ... pastoralism A type of animal husbandry in which herds of domestic animals are released onto large areas of vegetated outdoor ...
These animals reach a length of 40 to 80 cm and a weight of 5 to 15 kg, with males generally larger than females. A bulge over ... Newborns usually have a golden-yellow fur. The mother shares responsibilities of rearing the young with the other females (" ... They live in groups of five to 20 animals, mostly in harems, i.e. a single male with several females. Young males must leave ... If the mother dies, another female adopts the young animal. Lutungs are weaned in the latter half of their first year, and ...
Newborn male B6C3F1 mice". Carcinogenesis. 5 (12): 1623-1628. doi:10.1093/carcin/5.12.1623. PMID 6499113. Apiole Phenylpropene ... "32P-Post-labelling analysis of DNA adducts formed in the livers of animals treated with safrole, estragole and other naturally- ...
Whittam, R. (1 September 1960). "Sodium and potassium movements in kidney cortex slices from newborn animals". The Journal of ... Whittam, R. (1 September 1960). "Sodium and potassium movements in kidney cortex slices from newborn animals". The Journal of ... He conducted important studies on the mechanism of active transport of ions across animal membranes and its relation to ... "Ronald Whittam conducted important studies of the mechanism of active transport of ions in animal tissues. He demonstrated the ...
In animals, infanticide involves the intentional killing of young offspring by a mature animal of the same species. Animal ... Maternal infanticide occurs when newborn offspring are killed by their mother. This is sometimes seen in pigs, a behavior known ... They are a social animal, living in groups that consist of a single dominant male and multiple females. The dominant male has a ... Both male and female parents have been observed to do this, as well as sterile worker castes in some eusocial animals. Filial ...
He has immunity to 70 different poisons and also has an animal-like sense of smell. He adopts a Battle Wolf's newborn pup and ... Sunny has an animal partner, a juvenile Mother Snake named Quinn. He and the other Four Heavenly Kings were trained by Ichiryū ... He uses the skulls of animals as shoulder pads and has a rather morbid interest with eyeballs since he wears a necklace of them ... She also has an animal partner named Babu, that is a large beast known as a Bubble Knuckle. Cumin (クミン, Kumin) Voiced by: ...
Über Vaccination neugeborener Kinder (Vaccination of newborn children), Virchow's Archiv CXVII. Über Reincultur des Actinomyces ... Eine weitverbreitete thierische Mykose (A widespread animal mycosis), Virchow's Archiv LXXXII. Über Desinfection durch ... On inflammatory changes of inner organs following the experimental induction of caseating granulomas in animals), Virchow's ... und seine Übertragbarkeit auf Thiere (About pure culture of actinomyces and its transferability to animals), Virchow's Archiv ...
Journal of Animal Science, 86(14 Suppl), p.E246-58. Shackleton, D. & Shank, C., 1984. A review of the social behavior of feral ... Newborn lambs and their dams: the interaction that leads to sucking. Advances in the Study of Behavior, 22, p.239-268. Poindron ... Journal of Animal Science, 58(2), p.500. Sèbe, F. et al., 2010. Early vocal recognition of mother by lambs: contribution of low ... Most animals displaying maternal instincts will care for any infant introduced to the nest. In contrast to this, selective ...
In captivity, the animals may live to reach at least 55 years of age. Also in the North Building are the Jules Verne Gallery, ... On September 11, 2018, the aquarium adopted a newborn Cape porcupine. It was placed in Hippo Haven. The public was asked to ... Many of the animals in the South Building were simply moved to better facilitate traffic flow and the organization of species. ... The two females, named Button and Genny, were sent by The Walt Disney Company from their Animal Kingdom theme park in Lake ...
Mapes, Lynda V. (July 24, 2018). "Southern-resident killer whales lose newborn calf, and another youngster is ailing". The ... 1998 animal births, Individual orcas, Southern resident orcas). ...
State of decreased physiological activity in an animal Winter rest - Annual state for some plants and animals Cryobiology - ... The fat accumulation enables them to provide a sufficiently warm and nurturing environment for their newborns. During ... Other animals able to survive long periods with very little or no oxygen include goldfish, red-eared sliders, wood frogs, and ... Before entering hibernation, animals need to store enough energy to last through the duration of their dormant period, possibly ...
She appears as a dog-headed woman with snakes for fingers who steals newborn babies, and her many names are a major plot point ... I will destroy the animals. I am going to strike down women; I will make their hearts ache, I will dry up their milk … I will ... The old church regarded childbirth involving blood as unpure, and a newborn had to wait to be baptized for several days, and ... Gello (or Gillo) was also blamed for the condition of newborn infants who wasted away, and such infants were called Gillobrota ...
Several Native American tribes believed that they could divine the future of a newborn or a friend who had left on a journey by ... The next morning, footprints and other marks in the ashes would indicate what kind of animal the dead person's soul had ... a form of spodomancy was used in which the bones of sacrificial animals were raked out of fires and the marks in the ashes and ... and it was commonly believed that simply sleeping next to the ashes of an animal burned in a sacrificial fire could lead to ...
Some animal mothers are known to eat their afterbirth, called placentophagy. In some cultures the placenta may be consumed as a ... Newborns are prone to infection in the first month of life. The pathogenic bacterium Streptococcus agalactiae (a group B ... Mothers were told that their newborn would be safer in the nursery and that the separation would offer the mother more time to ... Some fathers have begun to hold their newborns skin to skin; the new baby is familiar with the father's voice and it is ...
He told if any other animal beat my lion, it will give its owner a valuable gift. An old and learned farmer knew when a cow ... However, the cow which had a newborn calf and the frightening and powerful lion were taken to the square. The farmer ordered to ... gets angry so much and attacks even stronger animals. So he went to the ruler's palace and stated "I have a cow that can beat ... town lived in Chali and Tappesar and specially in Abdangesar The occupation of people in this city is wood cutting and animal ...
October 2009). "Withdrawn: Delayed acquisition of neonatal reflexes in newborn primates receiving a thimerosal-containing ... using animal models. He continued his studies of small intestine transplantation under a Wellcome Trust travelling fellowship ... Delayed acquisition of neonatal reflexes in newborn primates receiving a thimerosal-containing Hepatitis B vaccine: Influence ...
"A newborn, separated from its umbilical cord, will still have ... the agave plant where the cord was buried. When children grow ... ". "Stuluwiákame has the responsibility to give humans children, and Na'alewáemi ... gives animals their young". Tatéi Kükurü ' ...
Initially, the museum housed plant and animal specimens, especially birds, which caused it to be known by locals n as the " ... and a new-born, also covered by a mantle, positioned behind the head of the woman. This mummified set is composed of ... The museum sheltered one of the largest exhibits of the Americas, prior to the fire, consisting of animals, insects, minerals, ... The museum also possesses several examples of Muiraquitãs, i.e. small statuettes carved in green gems, shaped like animals ( ...
Meat, and animal products such as milk, cheese, butter, and eggs, were not allowed, and at times also fish. The fast was ... It is frequently and falsely claimed that they were of particular value for monasteries because newborn rabbits were allegedly ... A typical procedure was farcing (from the Latin farcio 'to cram'), to skin and dress an animal, grind up the meat and mix it ... Domestic working animals that were no longer able to work were slaughtered but not particularly appetizing and therefore were ...
Bocaviruses were first described in animals in the early 1960s. Like the other members of this family, bocaparvoviruses have ... and death of newborn puppies. Human bocaviruses were first isolated in 2005 in Sweden. They may be able to cause hepatitis in ... Manteufel, Jill; Truyen, Uwe (2008). "Animal Bocaviruses: A Brief Review". Intervirology. 51 (5): 328-334. doi:10.1159/ ...
formerly) the ruler and chief monk of Tibet, believed to be a reincarnation of Avalokitesvara and sought for among newborn ... sewn into fresh animal skins and thrown in the river'. In 1871, at the request of officials outraged after Dondrup had done ...
Most animals only look for food at one level; an arboreal species such as a lemur does not look for food on the ground. The ... Newborns have black natal coats and bright pink skin. Females are the primary caregivers of infants, but males also play a role ... In fact, along with the muzzle, the animal's tail (38-58 cm or 15-23 in) and four-legged gait can make baboons seem very canine ... Burnie D and Wilson DE (Eds.), Animal: The Definitive Visual Guide to the World's Wildlife. DK Adult (2005), ISBN 0-7894-7764-5 ...
There are exemptions for newborn children; in most cases, any child who is at least 9 months or 1 year old needs to be ... Stokes A, Bauer JH, Hudson NP (1928). "Experimental transmission of yellow fever to laboratory animals". Am J Trop Med Hyg. 8 ( ...
Mutations of the SON gene can affect metabolism and mitochondrial function in newborns with ZTTK syndrome. Metabolic screening ... The consequence of SON haploinsufficiency on embryonic development has also been studied in zebrafish animal models (Danio ...
Newborn alligators, like their eggs, are the smallest of any crocodilian, with a length of 20-22 centimetres (7.87-8.66 in) and ... A study of the alligator in 1985 showed that snails were the most common animal in its diet at 63%, with 65% of that being ... "List of Animals". Santa Barbara Zoo. Archived from the original on December 15, 2018. Retrieved April 13, 2018. "Chinese ... The Chinese alligator is an opportunistic feeder, meaning that it can prey on a variety of different animals depending on what ...
As newborns they see and hear poorly but cling strongly to their mothers. Harry Harlow conducted a controversial study ... Haptic communication is a branch of nonverbal communication that refers to the ways in which people and animals communicate and ...
Perhaps the most successful French woman artist in this era was Rosa Bonheur, who was well known for her animal paintings as ... So-called "infant allowances" are available to subscribing[clarification needed] pregnant women and their newborn children. ... man's pants in order to remain relatively unnoticed in farms and slaughterhouses while she painted animals and studied animal ... and tending to farm animals. Upon the onset of the industrial revolution in France, women's role changed with them becoming ...
During the day on the 14th of Nisan, they were to slaughter the animal and use its blood to mark their lintels and door posts. ... Another explanation is that the newborn nation which emerged after the Exodus needed time to learn their new responsibilities ... The distinction between the Omer offering - a measure of barley, typically animal fodder - and the Shavuot offering - two ...
Acute pseudomembranous candidiasis occurs in about 5% of newborn infants. Candida species are acquired from the mother's ... Animal fungal diseases, Mycosis-related cutaneous conditions, Oral mucosal pathology, Fungal diseases). ... with the lowest levels occurring in newborns, increasing dramatically in infants, and then decreasing again in adults. ...
... it has been recently proposed in an exhaustive BJOG review of animal and human studies that terms such as saltatory pattern, ... "Prolonged saltatory fetal heart rate pattern leading to newborn metabolic acidosis". Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & ...
Research to understand hearing function and auditory processing in humans as well as relevant animal species represents ... to smartphones have also been prototyped to help detect the faint otoacoustic emissions from the cochlea and perform new-born ...
... burdened the new-born [...] with overwhelming obligations, and urged him to sacrifice himself as Apollo would for the good of ... as manifested in the human animal to the end of my days." Achebe's essay, a landmark in postcolonial discourse, provoked debate ...
The newborn baby, born from the tree, is a key element for the Mixtec rulers because the child establishes the ruling line on ... The gray animals blending into their surroundings and to the left of the turkeys are Mexican hairless dogs known as ... The crossed limbs of a pochote tree, a newborn child, the whirlwinds representing Quetzalcoatl (the source of rain and life) ... In the image below, young conquered people are paying tribute to dominating priests, caciques and warriors, dressed in animal ...
Johnson LR (March 1984). "Effects of somatostatin and acid on inhibition of gastrin release in newborn rats". Endocrinology. ... "Interaction of synthetic human big gastrin with blood proteins of man and animals". Acta Hepato-Gastroenterologica. 26 (2): 154 ...
The elephant promptly takes the newborn and places it in the temple. The baby then is brought up by the animals of the forest ... Murad is a king and he makes a wish that if a baby girl is born in his house, he will ensure that animals are not caged in his ... Animal') is an Indian Bollywood fantasy film directed by S. Ali Raza, released in 1982. The film stars Rajesh Khanna and Zeenat ... This girl turns out to be none other than the baby girl who has been brought up by animals in the dense forest. The nameless ...
Francis and Saint Clare Adoring the Newborn Christ (private collection).[citation needed] Sometime before 1653, she and her ... composed of the animals, fruits, and vegetables consumed in that month. While these paintings appear to be secular still-life ...
Some proponents of animal rights have applied the term slavery to the condition of some or all human-owned animals, arguing ... For the freedom of their newborn child, not yet baptized, they paid at half the going price for a baptized child. Many of these ... Spiegel, Marjorie (1996). The Dreaded Comparison: Human and Animal Slavery. New York: Mirror Books. For sources about the ... they sold them like animals, and they took them as slaves and traded them in a shameful way." There have been movements to ...
The pelage of a newborn round-tailed muskrat varies from gray to ash-gray. Adults have a brown pelage with pale fur on the ... Land areas that experience high grazing pressure from cattle are less likely to house many (if any) animals due to the negative ... Population densities of round-tailed muskrats average between 100 and 120 animals per acre of land. Large, high-quality wetland ... Round-tailed muskrat, Field Guide to the Rare Animals of Florida (Articles with short description, Short description is ...
2005 animal births, Individual animals in Israel, Individual elephants, Zoos in Israel, Zoos in Turkey). ... Right after the birth, veterinarians wrapped the newborn calf in towels and sawdust to warm him, and then handed him over to ... The animals arrived the next day and were sent by truck to Gaziantep. Gabi and the other two elephants became the first ... When the timing was right, sperm was obtained from Emmett, a bull elephant living in the Whipsnade Wild Animal Park in ...
Cuddle up in the softest organic romper with sweet newborn animal print. Shop more all natural baby clothes at Our Green House! ... Organic Cotton Kimono Romper - Baby Animal Print, 0-3m. .aratfull{fill:#ffa600;}. .aratfull{fill:#ffa600;}. .aratfull{fill:# ... Organic Cotton Kimono Romper - Baby Animal Print, 0-3m. Rating Required Select Rating. 1 star (worst). 2 stars. 3 stars ( ...
19: Baby Goat: Finger Puppet Book: (Best Baby Book for Newborns, Board Book with Plush Animal) (Baby Animal Finger Puppets #19 ... Newborn and Toddler Board Books Ages 0-3. • Baby Animal Books. Yu-Hsuan Huang, also known as Smallx2, is an illustrator and ... Baby Kitten: Finger Puppet Book: (Board Book with Plush Baby Cat, Best Baby Book for Newborns) (Baby Animal Finger Puppets #20 ... Baby Kitten: Finger Puppet Book: (Board Book with Plush Baby Cat, Best Baby Book for Newborns) (Baby Animal Finger Puppets #20 ...
Care of Newborn Puppies and Kittens Determining Age Newborn to 1 week: Umbilical ... ... It is quite a rewarding experience to see them progress from being defenseless babies to more independent, healthy animals. ... Caring for newborn puppies and kittens can be time-consuming and, at times, difficult work. ... Hold the newborn in one hand supporting the animals chest and abdomen. Do not feed the animal like a human baby (lying on its ...
How Do Newborn Baby Animals Stay Warm?. Find this article at:. ... There is always the little newborn baby lying out in the cold on a little bit of hay. It just looks miserable! Then I think ... So as you sit by your fire in your warm house and think about babies born in the barn, remember baby animals have a wonderful ... So why dont these baby animals get sick and die? What are the mechanisms that keep these little ones warm in the first hours ...
World Animal Awareness Society & WA2S Films & World Animal Rescue Network - From animal rescue following disaster to addressing ... Baby animals crying, apparently in distress, coming from the tall grass on side of a country road were heard by a local who ... At first, we thought that maybe some wild animal or stray dog or cat had given birth there. But it turned out to be one of the ... 2009 - 2022 World Animal Awareness Society & WA2S Films - An Award-Winning Google Non Profit Partner ...
Home » Our inspections » farm » Checking on new- born lambs in the Netherlands. Checking on new- born lambs in the Netherlands ... On our way to an investigation we came across a small flock of sheep in a field, with several new-born lambs of just a few days ... Eyes on Animals main office is in downtown Amsterdam, at the Amsterdam House Hotel. The generous and warm-hearted hotel owner ... One could tell that the animals were well-treated because they did not show any fright towards the farmer, if anything they ...
See editor-approved newborn baby gift ideas, from swaddles to toys to tools to make parenting a newborn easier. ... Celebrate a new bundle of joy with these tried-and-true gifts for newborns. ... Kleynimals Clean Key Animals Teether Many babies love playing with (or chewing on) keys. Give parents a ... Parenting a newborn is tough, but the right newborn baby gifts can help make the process easier and be absolutely adorable at ...
Investigation into Anderson County Animal Shelter 5 hours ago. .cls-3{fill:#fff;fill-rule:evenodd}. ... They recommend parents double check security measures as a newborn is moved around the delivery unit. ... but felt he was never given an adequate answer as to where his daughter was during the time the other newborn was in their room ... their baby was accidentally swapped with another newborn. ... Couple claims newborn accidentally swapped at Tennessee ...
farm dusts and animals,. *herbicides,. *oil smoke or exhausts,. *pesticides, and. *SHS [Etzel 2001; Belanger et al. 2003; Salam ... A newborn has a skin surface area three times greater by volume than does an adult. Thus the amount of a newborns skin a ... it remains more permeable to absorption throughout the newborn period. As a result, the newborn skin more readily absorbs ... For example, newborns take an average 45 breaths per minute versus 31 breaths per minute for infants 6 months old, 24 breaths ...
Analysis of body measurements of newborn purebred Belgian Blue calves. Animal. 2010;4:661-71 . DOIPubMedGoogle Scholar ... SBV-positive animals weighed significantly less than expected (32 kg + 15 kg vs. 49 kg + 4 kg, p,0.05). The body mass deficit, ... Often the animals head was distorted, having a horse-like or pig-like shape, brachygnathism, prognathism, and/or diverging ... Among the 67 animals in these categories, SBV genetic material was detected in 15 calves by reverse transcription quantitative ...
Crochet wooden animal baby rattle , New baby gift , Handmade wooden animal toy, Baby shower Gift , Newborn baby rattle , ... Zoo Animals Match Heads and Tails Game for Toddlers - Learn Animals, Sounds & Matching, Gifts, Stocking Fillers 5 out of 5 ... Newborn Baby and Toddler Sensory Gift Play Box 5 out of 5 stars (240) ... Personalised Wooden Unisex Walker with Shapes - Learn to Walk - Pastel Animal Blocks - Toddler Gift - Childrens Birthday 5 out ...
Baby Newborn Foot Infant Baby Socks Girl Anti-Slip Socks Rubber Baby Soles Socks Boy With Soft Unisex Girl Funny Animal Floor ... Unisex Newborn Animal Infant Funny Foot Unisex Newborn Animal Infant Funny Foot Socks Anti-Slip Baby Boy Girl Socks With Rubber ... Mother & Kids > Baby Newborn Foot Infant Baby Socks Girl Anti-Slip Socks Rubber Baby Soles Socks Boy With Soft Unisex Girl ... Unisex Newborn Animal quantity. Add to cart. Unisex Newborn Animal. → Check Price... ←. ...
Services include animal adoptions, animal rescue, animal shelters, cruelty to animals investigation,… More.... ... Animal Shelters SOCIETY FOR THE PREVENTION OF CRUELTY TO ANIMALS LOS ANGELES - P.D. PITCHFORD COMPANION ANIMAL VILLAGE AND ... Safe Havens for Abandoned Newborns Provider: NORTHRIDGE HOSPITAL MEDICAL CENTER. The hospital provides safe haven services for ... APPLICATION PROCEDURE To surrender a newborn baby under the Safe Haven Law, walk in to the emergency room and ask for a ...
Newborn animals is nothing new to us. We are used to around the clock care for new born animals. From dogs cats, llamas, horses ... To study newborn ALI/ARDS, newborn animals, such as piglets,5,6 rats,7 and rabbits,8 have been used as animal models. Because ... Animals, NewbornSwineSheepAnimals, SucklingMice, Inbred C57BLStreptococcus agalactiaeRats, Sprague-DawleyRabbitsSus scrofaMice ... Animals and reagents. Newborn Sprague-Dawley rats (18-20 g) were supplied by the Animal Center of Guangzhou Medical University ...
Two New Jersey teenagers face prison sentences of between 5 to 10 years for their roles in the death of their newborn baby who ... United States is short on bomb-sniffing dogs; relies on importing animals from overseas. ... Jada McClain, 18, pleaded guilty Monday to aggravated manslaughter by pressing on the chest of her newborn son until he stopped ... Investigators learned that the contents of the trash container, including the newborn's remains, were transported to the ...
Animals This Bernedoodle Waits Every Day at Bus Stop for Hug From.... ... Home Kids Just 2-days Old, This Newborn Baby Gets Her Hair Washed for the... ... They Put A Newborn Baby In Her Arms. But See When Mom Realizes The Babys Identity…. ... Mom Cant Hold Newborn After Delivery Then Gets Note From Nurse About Baby Shell Never Forget. ...
The moment she notices stallions getting closer and closer to her newborn foal, she pushes them away with her rear legs until ... Courageous Mother Horse Guards Her Newborn Foal. admin , April 9, 2022 , Entertaining Videos , No Comments ...
Unicorn crossing the Golden Gate Bridge! Bodysuit Onesie Made in San Francisco. 60% cotton and 40% polyester. Design is hand drawn by San Francisco artist Jamai Lowell.
Find your favorite 60 60cm muslin bamboo cotton baby blanket baby newborn blankets newborn swaddle wrap burp cloths towel ... Ylsteed Newborn Pography Backdrop Blanket Bohemian style Hand Knitting Rope Blanket for Newborn Shooting Baby Po Prop1278M ... 60*60cm Muslin Bamboo Cotton Baby Blanket Baby Newborn Blankets Newborn Swaddle Wrap Burp Cloths Towel Pielucha dropshipping ... 60 60cm Muslin Bamboo Cotton Baby Blanket Baby Newborn Blankets Newborn Swaddle Wrap Burp Cloths Towel Pielucha drop296t. ...
Dont go putting your newborns in the fridge to preserve them, though. Kittens require a very specific type of environment so ... Social Animals. The first few weeks of a kittens life are important for learning how to socialize, so its vital that they be ... Newborn kittens are used to living inside another living creature, so your apartment is probably a little less cozy by ... In the wild, mother cats seek out solitude for raising their newborns, so they grow up safe and secure. While your living room ...
The mystery of the missing newborn twins was solved on Tuesday, but in a tragic manner. Police say the mother strangled the 16- ... They thought an animal had died. The mother, Sapna Dhakad, 27, was taken into custody after she led cops to the dump site in ... her newborns around 4.30am on September 23, and left home to go to her parents home in Berasia after a tiff with her husband ... BHOPAL: The mystery of the missing newborn twins was solved on Tuesday, but in a tragic manner. Police say the mother strangled ...
Introducing your cat to your newborn Pets can grow to love your new baby with a few simple tricks. Apr 1, 2021 ... Also, play sounds like a baby crying and cooing so the cat is familiar with newborn sounds once your new addition comes home ...
While all new parents are sleep-deprived and focused on the needs of their newborn, Dr. Mendoza reminds parents to keep dogs ... Adri Mendoza of Firehouse Animal Health Center began prepping her two pups years before her baby arrived last fall. "Its all ... Mendozas husband brought home the babys hospital cap and blanket before the newborn made his entrance. Letting a pet smell ...
Every baby needs to be hugged and newborns desperately need the healing that comes from being held and comforted. So, Huggies® ... Animal Ears - How to Make an Easy No Sew Animal Ears Headband. Free Halloween Printables For Kids. Easy Cat Costume - How To ... Every mom and newborn needs those extra arms, another beating heart.. But when a newborn is in the NICU, fighting through their ... Mothers may be too sick themselves to be with their newborns or they may have to go home and look after their other children. ...
The highly caustic Lake Natron in Tanzania kills most animals unlucky enough to enter the water - and calcifies them ... Newborn female mice live longer if they smell older females urine. The scent of older females causes young female mice to ... The animals are all arranged in poses by the photographer. Above, on the right we have a sea eagle and on the left a dove, in ... Animals that become immersed in the water die and are calcified.. Photographer Nick Brandt, who has a long association with ...
Introducing your cat to your newborn Pets can grow to love your new baby with a few simple tricks. Apr 1, 2021 ... Also, play sounds like a baby crying and cooing so the cat is familiar with newborn sounds once your new addition comes home ...
The design is a print of adorable jungle animals along with an illustration of leaves. If your baby loves animals, then they ... 9 Best Baby Bedding Sets For Your Newborn To Sleep Safely In 2022. They provide relaxation and a good nights sleep to your ... 2. Best Animal Print: Bedtime Originals Lavender Woods 3 Piece Bedding Set. ... If your little one fancies safari animals, then you might want to take a look at this three-piece bedding crib. It is made from ...
A Photographer Photographs A Shy Newborn Meerkat And His Family. There are certain creatures that are so sweet that we could ... A Photographer Photographs A Shy Newborn Meerkat And His Family. *. Man Hears Leashed Pets Are Allowed In Store - So He Brings ... Our audience is from all over the world, we mainly target animal lovers, but not limited to. Our goal is to make everyones ... Meerkats are African-born animals. They may be found in the isolated regions of Botswanas Kalahari desert. As well as in ...
  • On a daily basis, a newborn infant consumes a much larger amount of water (equivalent to 10%-15% of body weight) compared with an adult (2%-4% of body weight). (
  • His accounts are solely dedicated to the photographs he takes of infant animals! (
  • The stabilization of a hydropic newborn requires a high level of intensive coordinated management by a neonatal team well prepared for the possibly affected infant. (
  • A supine anteroposterior chest radiograph of an infant with transient tachypnea of the newborn (TTN). (
  • It is quite a rewarding experience to see them progress from being defenseless babies to more independent, healthy animals. (
  • Human milk or formulas made for human babies are not suitable for baby animals. (
  • So as you sit by your fire in your warm house and think about babies born in the barn, remember baby animals have a wonderful mechanism to stay warm at birth. (
  • Under the Safe Haven Law, this county designated site accepts newborn babies up to 72 hours old from mothers who want to anonymously relinquish their child. (
  • And as powerful and life changing as this experience is for us - the mothers, fathers, grandparents, siblings, caregivers of these new human beings - those early cuddles are perhaps even more powerful for the newborn babies. (
  • WHO estimates that worldwide, more than 4 million newborns die each year and nearly as many babies are stillborn. (
  • The disease is particularly common and serious in newborn babies. (
  • People of all ages can get tetanus but the disease is particularly common and serious in newborn babies (neonatal tetanus). (
  • They do it naturally and with pride whether they look after children who have long grown up, domestic animals or newborn babies. (
  • Caring for newborn puppies and kittens can be time-consuming and, at times, difficult work. (
  • Newborn kittens are used to living inside another living creature, so your apartment is probably a little less cozy by comparison. (
  • I fostered four newborn kittens, and signed on to care for them for 7 weeks-until they were old enough to find new homes. (
  • In Belgium each year during January-June, field veterinarians refer ≈30 newborn calves per month for necropsy to the University of Liège Faculty of Veterinary Medicine (Liège, Belgium). (
  • Among the 67 animals in these categories, SBV genetic material was detected in 15 calves by reverse transcription quantitative PCR, and IgG specific for SBV nucleoprotein was systematically highlighted in their serum by ELISA. (
  • A petting zoo featured newborn calves and pigs, chickens and hawks from the local Raptor Rehabilitation Project piqued the interests of children and adults. (
  • Fifteen newborn calves infected in utero by SBV were categorized according to the extent of their deformities. (
  • Kolkman I , Opsomer G , Aerts S , Hoflack G , Laevens H , Lips D . Analysis of body measurements of newborn purebred Belgian Blue calves. (
  • Principles of Pediatric Environmental Health: How Are Newborns, Infants, and Toddlers Exposed To and Affected by Toxicants? (
  • Newborns and infants exhibit unique vulnerabilities to environmental toxicants. (
  • How toxicants enter the body - the routes of exposure - will be considered in the context of some health effects in newborns, infants, and toddlers. (
  • For example, calcium transport in newborns and infants is about five times the rate in adults. (
  • Transient tachypnea of the newborn (TTN) is a self-limited disease commonly seen in neonates throughout the world and is encountered by all physicians who take care of newborn infants. (
  • Infants with transient tachypnea of the newborn present within the first few hours of life with tachypnea and other signs of respiratory distress, increased oxygen requirement, and ABGs that do not reflect carbon dioxide retention. (
  • Noninfectious acute respiratory disease develops in approximately 1% of all newborn infants and results in admission to a critical care unit. (
  • Bioelectrical studies of human infants' nasal epithelia demonstrate that both transient tachypnea of the newborn and respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) involve defective amiloride-sensitive Na + transport. (
  • Transient tachypnea of the newborn occurs in mature newborns with mature surfactant pathways and poorly developed respiratory epithelial Na + transport, whereas neonatal RDS occurs in infants with both premature surfactant pathways and immature Na + transport. (
  • This is book number 20 in the Baby Animal Finger Puppets series. (
  • Newborns will love snuggling up with Baby Kitten! (
  • If the animal does need to be bathed, we recommend a mild tear free baby or puppy shampoo. (
  • Baby animals should be fed every three to four hours. (
  • Do not feed the animal like a human baby (lying on it's back). (
  • How Do Newborn Baby Animals Stay Warm? (
  • There is always the little newborn baby lying out in the cold on a little bit of hay. (
  • So why don't these baby animals get sick and die? (
  • Baby animals crying, apparently in distress, coming from the tall grass on side of a country road were heard by a local who contacted Howl Of A Dog. (
  • Parenting a newborn is tough, but the right newborn baby gifts can help make the process easier and be absolutely adorable at the same time. (
  • WKRN) - A couple claims after delivering a healthy baby girl last month at TriStar Summit Medical Center, their baby was accidentally swapped with another newborn. (
  • APPLICATION PROCEDURE To surrender a newborn baby under the Safe Haven Law, walk in to the emergency room and ask for a designated employee who can accept the child. (
  • FEES/PAYMENT SOURCE There are no fees to surrender a newborn baby under the Safe Haven Law. (
  • NEPTUNE TOWNSHIP, N.J. - Two New Jersey teenagers face prison sentences of between 5 to 10 years for their roles in the death of their newborn baby who was killed and tossed into an outdoor trash bin . (
  • Home Kids Just 2-days Old, This Newborn Baby Gets Her Hair Washed for the. (
  • They Put A Newborn Baby In Her Arms. (
  • Dr. Adri Mendoza of Firehouse Animal Health Center began prepping her two pups years before her baby arrived last fall. (
  • When the baby was born, Dr. Mendoza's husband brought home the baby's hospital cap and blanket before the newborn made his entrance. (
  • Every baby needs to be hugged and newborns desperately need the healing that comes from being held and comforted. (
  • Do you remember when you first held your newborn baby, when you cradled their tiny body next to yours and felt their heart beat for the very first time? (
  • If your baby loves animals, then they will quite likely love this bedding set. (
  • Newborn Baby Toddler UPF50+ Sunhat with brim & ties. (
  • I have rescued and raised a lot of baby animals, so she knew I could take good care of her. (
  • Young women turn vegetarian in droves when they learn that the meat industry cuts the sensitive beaks off newborn chicks and cuts off the tails of baby piglets. (
  • To some dogs, a newborn baby is prey. (
  • At any rate, leaving a newborn baby alone with a dog is just plain irresponsible. (
  • Three days after arriving in Zimbabwe, Natalie discovers an abandoned newborn baby on a hill near her uncle's farm. (
  • The Noah's Ark ensemble has six adorable animals, plus baby accessories, clothing, and products. (
  • A recent bacterial infection outbreak at the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) of the National Referral Hospital (JDWNRH) in Thimphu resulted in the death of 11 newborns. (
  • 40 per cent of the global neonatal mortality, with an estimated 1.4 million newborns dying every year. (
  • Good care practices, combined with the identification and appropriate management of maternal and newborn complications, are necessary to ensure optimal neonatal health outcomes. (
  • Child health services need to be able to respond adequately to the health needs of newborns including supporting families in adopting essential care practices and providing effective case management for neonatal illnesses. (
  • Public health experts predict that the MDG to reduce under-5 mortality by two-thirds cannot be met unless neonatal mortality is at least halved, which will require greater emphasis on measures to improve newborn health. (
  • Effects of inoculation with active microorganisms derived from adult goats on growth performance, gut microbiota and serum metabolome in newborn lambs. (
  • Twenty four Youzhou dark newborn lambs were selected and randomly distributed across 3 treatments (n = 8/group) autoclaved goat milk inoculated with 20 mL sterilized normal saline (CON), autoclaved goat milk inoculated with 20 mL fresh ruminal fluid (RF) and autoclaved goat milk inoculated with 20 mL autoclaved ruminal fluid (ARF). (
  • But it turned out to be one of the most heartbreaking cases of animal cruelty we have dealt with: there were several puppies dumped in a bag and simply left there to die. (
  • A netizen has recently praised the San Juan City Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Office (CDRRMO) for helping a man save his newborn puppies trapped in a canal. (
  • Jayson Bueno posted on his Facebook account on January 9, thanking officers from San Juan CDRRMO and their barangay captain Boy dela Cruz of Barangay Rivera for helping a man, who was living on the streets, save the newborn puppies of his dog. (
  • Weighing more than some newborn puppies at 6 ounces, Theraphosa blondi doesn't need to weave webs to ensnare larger prey. (
  • Bella, a newborn cocker spaniel, is not doing well. (
  • The design is a print of adorable jungle animals along with an illustration of leaves. (
  • From must-have babygrows to cute jumpers and adorable dresses, find everything your newborn needs for those magical first years. (
  • A recent case of Schmallenberg has been identified in Scotland, but the infection was acquired prior to import, and the affected animal is unlikely to have been infectious since arrival. (
  • The second presentation of the disease is associated with abnormalities in animals born alive or dead at term or aborted following infection of the dam, affecting mainly sheep but also cattle and goats. (
  • The moment she notices stallions getting closer and closer to her newborn foal, she pushes them away with her rear legs until they stop. (
  • When the offspring were appropriate targets for antibody, however, 11 of 18 newborn animals (61 per cent) had no demonstrable titer. (
  • Efforts to improve newborn health and development include interventions - before and during pregnancy, during birth and in the post-partum period - and should be included in already established programmes for safe motherhood and child survival. (
  • We do know that monkeypox virus can be transmitted to the fetus during pregnancy or to the newborn by close contact during and after birth. (
  • That's where she found a tiny newborn puppy with one of her little legs tied to the tracks. (
  • The initial and most rapidly formed configurational isomer 4z, 15e bilirubin accounts for 20% of total serum bilirubin level in newborns undergoing phototherapy and is produced maximally at conventional levels of irradiance (6-9 µW/cm 2 /nm). (
  • When the offspring were not the specific targets for maternal antibody, we found titers of cytotoxic antibody in the newborn animals at or near maternal levels in 16 of 18 cases (89 per cent), demonstrating the ability of this antibody to cross the rabbit placenta . (
  • The health of newborns is closely linked to that of their mothers and must be addressed by both maternal and child health programmes. (
  • The challenge is to bridge the gap and ensure a continuum of care supporting maternal and newborn health through compatible and mutually reinforcing interventions working through both programme areas and related health sector development initiatives. (
  • Indicators for severe hemolytic disease of the newborn (HDN) include mothers who have had previous children with hemolytic disease, rising maternal antibody titers, rising amniotic fluid bilirubin concentration, and ultrasonographic evidence of fetal hydrops (eg, ascites , edema, pleural and pericardial effusions, worsening biophysical profile, decreasing hemoglobin [Hb] levels). (
  • Hold the newborn in one hand supporting the animal's chest and abdomen. (
  • Jada McClain, 18, pleaded guilty Monday to aggravated manslaughter by pressing on the chest of her newborn son until he stopped breathing. (
  • Koola rests as her newborn daughter sleeps on her chest (Brookfield Zoo). (
  • The kitten was put into a foster home by the Mustang Animal Shelter. (
  • Their county shelter is where the majority of their animals come from. (
  • Lizzie is at the animals shelter when an emergency case is brought in. (
  • The monkeypox virus is an orthopoxvirus which can spread from infected animals to humans and also from person to person through skin-to-skin contact with skin lesions or body fluids from patients with monkeypox. (
  • They occur ubiquitously and are a minor component of the intestinal microbiota of humans and animals [20]. (
  • Clostridia cause diseases in humans and various domestic animals. (
  • Mothers who surrender a newborn in accordance with the Safe Haven Law are immune from criminal liability for child abandonment. (
  • Mothers may be too sick themselves to be with their newborns or they may have to go home and look after their other children. (
  • According to meerkat experts, these young ones learn by watching their elders, and they are even capable of learning to eat poisonous animals, such as scorpions, which learn to eat because their mothers and fathers meerkat teach them how to remove their tails so they do not get sick from eating them. (
  • The SSP scientists determine which animals to breed by considering their genetic makeup, nutritional and social needs, temperament and overall health. (
  • Competing causes of mortali- or all of the animal species tested genetic variation, health status, life ty may prevent the development of experimentally. (
  • They have been reported to consume newborn rabbits and at least one robin. (
  • To help your newborn, use either a cotton ball or Kleenex moistened with warm water. (
  • If the formula has cooled, warm it again and offer it to the animal. (
  • The generous and warm-hearted hotel owner donated to Eyes on Animals, free of charge, a beautiful room where our inspectors can work, hold meetings and store their material. (
  • Transient tachypnea of the newborn (TTN) results from delayed absorption of fetal lung fluid following delivery. (
  • Transient tachypnea of the newborn (TTN) is the result of a delay in clearance of fetal lung liquid. (
  • Mature newborns who have normal transitions from fetal to postnatal life have mature surfactant and lung epithelial systems. (
  • Recent studies have indicated that exposures to methyl iodide (MeI) produce a number of effects in laboratory animals, including fetal toxicity, neurotoxicity, and degeneration of the nasal epithelium. (
  • Recent studies have indicated that exposures to methyl based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) modeling, and evaluat- iodide (MeI) produce a number of effects in laboratory ani- ing the relevance of the observations in animals to human mals, including fetal toxicity, neurotoxicity, and degenera- health. (
  • Panax ginseng has been linked to fatal poisoning in newborns. (
  • Good cattlemen watch their animals closely all year round to provide correct nutrition and care. (
  • Both syndromes were associated with the presence in the blood (adults) or in the central nervous system (CNS) (newborns) of the genome of a new orthobunyavirus, which was named Schmallenberg virus (SBV) after the place where the first positive samples were collected ( 3 , 4 ). (
  • Metagenomic analysis identified a novel orthobunyavirus, which subsequently was isolated from blood of affected animals. (
  • Seven orthobunyavirus sequences were detected in the library prepared from pooled RNA from 3 animals of 1 farm (BH 80/11, Table ). (
  • While all new parents are sleep-deprived and focused on the needs of their newborn, Dr. Mendoza reminds parents to keep dogs active. (
  • The Cobb County Animal Control came out to take care of the pets, taking dogs overnight so that their owners could get settled before reuniting with their furry family members. (
  • BHOPAL: The mystery of the missing newborn twins was solved on Tuesday, but in a tragic manner. (
  • This worthy group of rescuers in Texas have stepped in to fill a critical need in their community's Animal Care & Control department. (
  • Newborns, however, need care beyond the immediate post partum period. (
  • Animal care staff are allowing Rogue and her calf to bond in a quiet enclosure behind the scenes. (
  • At first, we thought that maybe some wild animal or stray dog or cat had given birth there. (
  • One of the chemicals in Panax ginseng has been found to cause birth defects in animals. (
  • Refers to animals in the period of time just after birth. (
  • The number of offspring produced at one birth by a viviparous animal. (
  • Our helpful, friendly and knowledgeable Animal Health Product Experts are ready to serve you, simply. (
  • The Key Laboratory of Animal Disease and Human Health of Sichuan Province, College of Veterinary Medicine, Sichuan Agricultural University, Chengdu, China. (
  • These decisions include the selection of the appropriate internal dose measure(s) calculated using physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) modeling, and evaluating the relevance of the observations in animals to human health. (
  • In summer and autumn 2011, farmers and veterinarians in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, and in the Netherlands reported to the animal health services, local diagnostic laboratories, and national research institutes an unidentified disease in dairy cattle with a short period of clear clinical signs, including fever, decreased milk production, and diarrhea. (
  • Later that day, Zoo veterinarians conducted a brief exam of the newborn and found him to be healthy and strong. (
  • Some animals are born looking normal but have nervous signs such as blindness or a 'dummy' presentation - uncoordinated movement, recumbency, an inability to suck and sometimes convulsions. (
  • Children should wear proper protective clothing when handling animals. (
  • These Super Cute Halloween Costumes For Newborns are just what you need to show off how cute your new addition to the family is this year. (
  • SB 917 revises the current punishment for animal abuse to include a maximum of one year imprisonment in addition to a maximum fine of $20,000. (
  • Lead is found to cross the placenta in experimental animals and may affect developmental growth and behavior of newborns. (
  • It is unknown if they merely found these animals dead or not. (
  • In the wild, mother cats seek out solitude for raising their newborns, so they grow up safe and secure. (
  • Similarly, Vayiqra 22:27 says that a newborn animal must remain with its mother for seven days, and on the eighth day and onward it is acceptable as a sacrificial offering. (