An infant during the first month after birth.
Refers to animals in the period of time just after birth.
Diseases of newborn infants present at birth (congenital) or developing within the first month of birth. It does not include hereditary diseases not manifesting at birth or within the first 30 days of life nor does it include inborn errors of metabolism. Both HEREDITARY DISEASES and METABOLISM, INBORN ERRORS are available as general concepts.
The identification of selected parameters in newborn infants by various tests, examinations, or other procedures. Screening may be performed by clinical or laboratory measures. A screening test is designed to sort out healthy neonates (INFANT, NEWBORN) from those not well, but the screening test is not intended as a diagnostic device, rather instead as epidemiologic.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
A human infant born before 37 weeks of GESTATION.
Care of infants in the home or institution.
A condition of the newborn marked by DYSPNEA with CYANOSIS, heralded by such prodromal signs as dilatation of the alae nasi, expiratory grunt, and retraction of the suprasternal notch or costal margins, mostly frequently occurring in premature infants, children of diabetic mothers, and infants delivered by cesarean section, and sometimes with no apparent predisposing cause.
The age of the conceptus, beginning from the time of FERTILIZATION. In clinical obstetrics, the gestational age is often estimated as the time from the last day of the last MENSTRUATION which is about 2 weeks before OVULATION and fertilization.
Blood of the fetus. Exchange of nutrients and waste between the fetal and maternal blood occurs via the PLACENTA. The cord blood is blood contained in the umbilical vessels (UMBILICAL CORD) at the time of delivery.
Respiratory failure in the newborn. (Dorland, 27th ed)
The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual at BIRTH. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.
A subspecialty of Pediatrics concerned with the newborn infant.
Yellow discoloration of the SKIN; MUCOUS MEMBRANE; and SCLERA in the NEWBORN. It is a sign of NEONATAL HYPERBILIRUBINEMIA. Most cases are transient self-limiting (PHYSIOLOGICAL NEONATAL JAUNDICE) occurring in the first week of life, but some can be a sign of pathological disorders, particularly LIVER DISEASES.
Exchange of substances between the maternal blood and the fetal blood at the PLACENTA via PLACENTAL CIRCULATION. The placental barrier excludes microbial or viral transmission.
Hospital facilities which provide care for newborn infants.
Hospital units providing continuing surveillance and care to acutely ill newborn infants.
A condition characterized by the abnormal presence of ERYTHROBLASTS in the circulation of the FETUS or NEWBORNS. It is a disorder due to BLOOD GROUP INCOMPATIBILITY, such as the maternal alloimmunization by fetal antigen RH FACTORS leading to HEMOLYSIS of ERYTHROCYTES, hemolytic anemia (ANEMIA, HEMOLYTIC), general edema (HYDROPS FETALIS), and SEVERE JAUNDICE IN NEWBORN.
Part of an ear examination that measures the ability of sound to reach the brain.
Errors in metabolic processes resulting from inborn genetic mutations that are inherited or acquired in utero.
Organized efforts by communities or organizations to improve the health and well-being of infants.
The care of women and a fetus or newborn given before, during, and after delivery from the 28th week of gestation through the 7th day after delivery.
Abnormal increase in RESPIRATORY RATE in the newborn. It is self-limiting and attributed to the delayed fetal lung fluid clearance often in CAESAREAN SECTION delivery.
The unborn young of a viviparous mammal, in the postembryonic period, after the major structures have been outlined. In humans, the unborn young from the end of the eighth week after CONCEPTION until BIRTH, as distinguished from the earlier EMBRYO, MAMMALIAN.
Any of various animals that constitute the family Suidae and comprise stout-bodied, short-legged omnivorous mammals with thick skin, usually covered with coarse bristles, a rather long mobile snout, and small tail. Included are the genera Babyrousa, Phacochoerus (wart hogs), and Sus, the latter containing the domestic pig (see SUS SCROFA).
A method, developed by Dr. Virginia Apgar, to evaluate a newborn's adjustment to extrauterine life. Five items - heart rate, respiratory effort, muscle tone, reflex irritability, and color - are evaluated 60 seconds after birth and again five minutes later on a scale from 0-2, 0 being the lowest, 2 being normal. The five numbers are added for the Apgar score. A score of 0-3 represents severe distress, 4-7 indicates moderate distress, and a score of 7-10 predicts an absence of difficulty in adjusting to extrauterine life.
Postnatal deaths from BIRTH to 365 days after birth in a given population. Postneonatal mortality represents deaths between 28 days and 365 days after birth (as defined by National Center for Health Statistics). Neonatal mortality represents deaths from birth to 27 days after birth.
A disorder characterized by a reduction of oxygen in the blood combined with reduced blood flow (ISCHEMIA) to the brain from a localized obstruction of a cerebral artery or from systemic hypoperfusion. Prolonged hypoxia-ischemia is associated with ISCHEMIC ATTACK, TRANSIENT; BRAIN INFARCTION; BRAIN EDEMA; COMA; and other conditions.
Delivery of the FETUS and PLACENTA under the care of an obstetrician or a health worker. Obstetric deliveries may involve physical, psychological, medical, or surgical interventions.
Accumulation of BILIRUBIN, a breakdown product of HEME PROTEINS, in the BLOOD during the first weeks of life. This may lead to NEONATAL JAUNDICE. The excess bilirubin may exist in the unconjugated (indirect) or the conjugated (direct) form. The condition may be self-limiting (PHYSIOLOGICAL NEONATAL JAUNDICE) or pathological with toxic levels of bilirubin.
The taking of a blood sample to determine its character as a whole, to identify levels of its component cells, chemicals, gases, or other constituents, to perform pathological examination, etc.
An infant having a birth weight of 2500 gm. (5.5 lb.) or less but INFANT, VERY LOW BIRTH WEIGHT is available for infants having a birth weight of 1500 grams (3.3 lb.) or less.
The thick green-to-black mucilaginous material found in the intestines of a full-term fetus. It consists of secretions of the INTESTINAL GLANDS; BILE PIGMENTS; FATTY ACIDS; AMNIOTIC FLUID; and intrauterine debris. It constitutes the first stools passed by a newborn.
The co-occurrence of pregnancy and an INFECTION. The infection may precede or follow FERTILIZATION.
A condition in infancy or early childhood due to an in-utero deficiency of THYROID HORMONES that can be caused by genetic or environmental factors, such as thyroid dysgenesis or HYPOTHYROIDISM in infants of mothers treated with THIOURACIL during pregnancy. Endemic cretinism is the result of iodine deficiency. Clinical symptoms include severe MENTAL RETARDATION, impaired skeletal development, short stature, and MYXEDEMA.
The transmission of infectious disease or pathogens from one generation to another. It includes transmission in utero or intrapartum by exposure to blood and secretions, and postpartum exposure via breastfeeding.
Continuous care and monitoring of newborn infants with life-threatening conditions, in any setting.
The thin, yellow, serous fluid secreted by the mammary glands during pregnancy and immediately postpartum before lactation begins. It consists of immunologically active substances, white blood cells, water, protein, fat, and carbohydrates.
Hemorrhage caused by vitamin K deficiency.
Resistance to a disease-causing agent induced by the introduction of maternal immunity into the fetus by transplacental transfer or into the neonate through colostrum and milk.
Female parents, human or animal.
Conditions or pathological processes associated with pregnancy. They can occur during or after pregnancy, and range from minor discomforts to serious diseases that require medical interventions. They include diseases in pregnant females, and pregnancies in females with diseases.
Childbirth taking place in the home.
The care provided to women and their NEWBORNS for the first few months following CHILDBIRTH.
An abnormal increase in the amount of oxygen in the tissues and organs.
The gradual irreversible changes in structure and function of an organism that occur as a result of the passage of time.
The nursing of an infant at the breast.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Any of the ruminant mammals with curved horns in the genus Ovis, family Bovidae. They possess lachrymal grooves and interdigital glands, which are absent in GOATS.
Treatment of disease by exposure to light, especially by variously concentrated light rays or specific wavelengths.
The consequences of exposing the FETUS in utero to certain factors, such as NUTRITION PHYSIOLOGICAL PHENOMENA; PHYSIOLOGICAL STRESS; DRUGS; RADIATION; and other physical or chemical factors. These consequences are observed later in the offspring after BIRTH.
Any observable response or action of a neonate or infant up through the age of 23 months.
The flexible rope-like structure that connects a developing FETUS to the PLACENTA in mammals. The cord contains blood vessels which carry oxygen and nutrients from the mother to the fetus and waste products away from the fetus.
A bile pigment that is a degradation product of HEME.
CHILDBIRTH at the end of a normal duration of PREGNANCY, between 37 to 40 weeks of gestation or about 280 days from the first day of the mother's last menstrual period.
Organized services to provide health care to expectant and nursing mothers.
Exposure of the female parent, human or animal, to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents in the environment or to environmental factors that may include ionizing radiation, pathogenic organisms, or toxic chemicals that may affect offspring. It includes pre-conception maternal exposure.
A flavoprotein oxidoreductase that has specificity for medium-chain fatty acids. It forms a complex with ELECTRON TRANSFERRING FLAVOPROTEINS and conveys reducing equivalents to UBIQUINONE.
The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.
Extraction of the FETUS by means of abdominal HYSTEROTOMY.
Care provided the pregnant woman in order to prevent complications, and decrease the incidence of maternal and prenatal mortality.
Special hospitals which provide care to women during pregnancy and parturition.
A group of autosomal recessive disorders marked by a deficiency of the hepatic enzyme PHENYLALANINE HYDROXYLASE or less frequently by reduced activity of DIHYDROPTERIDINE REDUCTASE (i.e., atypical phenylketonuria). Classical phenylketonuria is caused by a severe deficiency of phenylalanine hydroxylase and presents in infancy with developmental delay; SEIZURES; skin HYPOPIGMENTATION; ECZEMA; and demyelination in the central nervous system. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p952).
Hospital units equipped for childbirth.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
Results of conception and ensuing pregnancy, including LIVE BIRTH; STILLBIRTH; SPONTANEOUS ABORTION; INDUCED ABORTION. The outcome may follow natural or artificial insemination or any of the various ASSISTED REPRODUCTIVE TECHNIQUES, such as EMBRYO TRANSFER or FERTILIZATION IN VITRO.
Young, unweaned mammals. Refers to nursing animals whether nourished by their biological mother, foster mother, or bottle fed.
Malformations of organs or body parts during development in utero.
Detection of a MUTATION; GENOTYPE; KARYOTYPE; or specific ALLELES associated with genetic traits, heritable diseases, or predisposition to a disease, or that may lead to the disease in descendants. It includes prenatal genetic testing.
A method of continuously holding a partially wrapped baby to the chest, involving skin-to-skin contact. Originally it was a method of caring for LOW-BIRTH-WEIGHT INFANT in developing countries and is now more widespread in developed nations. Aside from encouraging breast feeding, the extra sleep that the infant gets assists in regulating body temperature, helps the baby conserve energy, and redirects calorie expenditures toward growth and weight gain.
An infant having a birth weight lower than expected for its gestational age.
A general term for the complete or partial loss of the ability to hear from one or both ears.
Fetal and neonatal addiction and withdrawal as a result of the mother's dependence on drugs during pregnancy. Withdrawal or abstinence symptoms develop shortly after birth. Symptoms exhibited are loud, high-pitched crying, sweating, yawning and gastrointestinal disturbances.
Facilities which administer the delivery of health care services to mothers and children.
Mechanical or anoxic trauma incurred by the infant during labor or delivery.
Relatively complete absence of oxygen in one or more tissues.
To utter an inarticulate, characteristic sound in order to communicate or express a feeling, or desire for attention.
A condition in which the death of adipose tissue results in neutral fats being split into fatty acids and glycerol.
Formation of NEURONS which involves the differentiation and division of STEM CELLS in which one or both of the daughter cells become neurons.
A fetal blood vessel connecting the pulmonary artery with the descending aorta.
Syphilis acquired in utero and manifested by any of several characteristic tooth (Hutchinson's teeth) or bone malformations and by active mucocutaneous syphilis at birth or shortly thereafter. Ocular and neurologic changes may also occur.
Repetitive withdrawal of small amounts of blood and replacement with donor blood until a large proportion of the blood volume has been exchanged. Used in treatment of fetal erythroblastosis, hepatic coma, sickle cell anemia, disseminated intravascular coagulation, septicemia, burns, thrombotic thrombopenic purpura, and fulminant malaria.
Organized efforts by communities or organizations to improve the health and well-being of the mother.
Either of the pair of organs occupying the cavity of the thorax that effect the aeration of the blood.
The restoration to life or consciousness of one apparently dead. (Dorland, 27th ed)
A chronic lung disease developed after OXYGEN INHALATION THERAPY or mechanical ventilation (VENTILATION, MECHANICAL) usually occurring in certain premature infants (INFANT, PREMATURE) or newborn infants with respiratory distress syndrome (RESPIRATORY DISTRESS SYNDROME, NEWBORN). Histologically, it is characterized by the unusual abnormalities of the bronchioles, such as METAPLASIA, decrease in alveolar number, and formation of CYSTS.
A term used pathologically to describe BILIRUBIN staining of the BASAL GANGLIA; BRAIN STEM; and CEREBELLUM and clinically to describe a syndrome associated with HYPERBILIRUBINEMIA. Clinical features include athetosis, MUSCLE SPASTICITY or hypotonia, impaired vertical gaze, and DEAFNESS. Nonconjugated bilirubin enters the brain and acts as a neurotoxin, often in association with conditions that impair the BLOOD-BRAIN BARRIER (e.g., SEPSIS). This condition occurs primarily in neonates (INFANT, NEWBORN), but may rarely occur in adults. (Menkes, Textbook of Child Neurology, 5th ed, p613)
An element with atomic symbol O, atomic number 8, and atomic weight [15.99903; 15.99977]. It is the most abundant element on earth and essential for respiration.
Prenatal protozoal infection with TOXOPLASMA gondii which is associated with injury to the developing fetal nervous system. The severity of this condition is related to the stage of pregnancy during which the infection occurs; first trimester infections are associated with a greater degree of neurologic dysfunction. Clinical features include HYDROCEPHALUS; MICROCEPHALY; deafness; cerebral calcifications; SEIZURES; and psychomotor retardation. Signs of a systemic infection may also be present at birth, including fever, rash, and hepatosplenomegaly. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p735)
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
The failure of a FETUS to attain its expected FETAL GROWTH at any GESTATIONAL AGE.
The nursing specialty that deals with the care of newborn infants during the first four weeks after birth.
The practice of assisting women in childbirth.
A transient absence of spontaneous respiration.
The range or frequency distribution of a measurement in a population (of organisms, organs or things) that has not been selected for the presence of disease or abnormality.
Disorders affecting amino acid metabolism. The majority of these disorders are inherited and present in the neonatal period with metabolic disturbances (e.g., ACIDOSIS) and neurologic manifestations. They are present at birth, although they may not become symptomatic until later in life.
The age of the mother in PREGNANCY.
An autosomal recessive genetic disease of the EXOCRINE GLANDS. It is caused by mutations in the gene encoding the CYSTIC FIBROSIS TRANSMEMBRANE CONDUCTANCE REGULATOR expressed in several organs including the LUNG, the PANCREAS, the BILIARY SYSTEM, and the SWEAT GLANDS. Cystic fibrosis is characterized by epithelial secretory dysfunction associated with ductal obstruction resulting in AIRWAY OBSTRUCTION; chronic RESPIRATORY INFECTIONS; PANCREATIC INSUFFICIENCY; maldigestion; salt depletion; and HEAT PROSTRATION.
The pit in the center of the ABDOMINAL WALL marking the point where the UMBILICAL CORD entered in the FETUS.
A constituent of STRIATED MUSCLE and LIVER. It is an amino acid derivative and an essential cofactor for fatty acid metabolism.
An infant whose weight at birth is less than 1500 grams (3.3 lbs), regardless of gestational age.
A condition characterized by an abnormal increase of BILIRUBIN in the blood, which may result in JAUNDICE. Bilirubin, a breakdown product of HEME, is normally excreted in the BILE or further catabolized before excretion in the urine.
Liquid formulations for the nutrition of infants that can substitute for BREAST MILK.
Morphological and physiological development of FETUSES.
A highly vascularized mammalian fetal-maternal organ and major site of transport of oxygen, nutrients, and fetal waste products. It includes a fetal portion (CHORIONIC VILLI) derived from TROPHOBLASTS and a maternal portion (DECIDUA) derived from the uterine ENDOMETRIUM. The placenta produces an array of steroid, protein and peptide hormones (PLACENTAL HORMONES).
Naturally occurring or experimentally induced animal diseases with pathological processes sufficiently similar to those of human diseases. They are used as study models for human diseases.
A respiratory distress syndrome in newborn infants, usually premature infants with insufficient PULMONARY SURFACTANTS. The disease is characterized by the formation of a HYALINE-like membrane lining the terminal respiratory airspaces (PULMONARY ALVEOLI) and subsequent collapse of the lung (PULMONARY ATELECTASIS).
The back (or posterior) of the FOOT in PRIMATES, found behind the ANKLE and distal to the TOES.
Self-generated faint acoustic signals from the inner ear (COCHLEA) without external stimulation. These faint signals can be recorded in the EAR CANAL and are indications of active OUTER AUDITORY HAIR CELLS. Spontaneous otoacoustic emissions are found in all classes of land vertebrates.
Testing or screening required by federal, state, or local law or other agencies for the diagnosis of specified conditions. It is usually limited to specific populations such as categories of health care providers, members of the military, and prisoners or to specific situations such as premarital examinations or donor screening.
The innermost layer of the three meninges covering the brain and spinal cord. It is the fine vascular membrane that lies under the ARACHNOID and the DURA MATER.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
Developmental abnormalities involving structures of the heart. These defects are present at birth but may be discovered later in life.
Maintenance of the hygienic state of the skin under optimal conditions of cleanliness and comfort. Effective in skin care are proper washing, bathing, cleansing, and the use of soaps, detergents, oils, etc. In various disease states, therapeutic and protective solutions and ointments are useful. The care of the skin is particularly important in various occupations, in exposure to sunlight, in neonates, and in PRESSURE ULCER.
The determination of oxygen-hemoglobin saturation of blood either by withdrawing a sample and passing it through a classical photoelectric oximeter or by electrodes attached to some translucent part of the body like finger, earlobe, or skin fold. It includes non-invasive oxygen monitoring by pulse oximetry.
A condition caused by inhalation of MECONIUM into the LUNG of FETUS or NEWBORN, usually due to vigorous respiratory movements during difficult PARTURITION or respiratory system abnormalities. Meconium aspirate may block small airways leading to difficulties in PULMONARY GAS EXCHANGE and ASPIRATION PNEUMONIA.
The continuous sequential physiological and psychological maturing of an individual from birth up to but not including ADOLESCENCE.
Erythrocyte isoantigens of the Rh (Rhesus) blood group system, the most complex of all human blood groups. The major antigen Rh or D is the most common cause of erythroblastosis fetalis.
Any method of artificial breathing that employs mechanical or non-mechanical means to force the air into and out of the lungs. Artificial respiration or ventilation is used in individuals who have stopped breathing or have RESPIRATORY INSUFFICIENCY to increase their intake of oxygen (O2) and excretion of carbon dioxide (CO2).
GRAY MATTER situated above the GYRUS HIPPOCAMPI. It is composed of three layers. The molecular layer is continuous with the HIPPOCAMPUS in the hippocampal fissure. The granular layer consists of closely arranged spherical or oval neurons, called GRANULE CELLS, whose AXONS pass through the polymorphic layer ending on the DENDRITES of PYRAMIDAL CELLS in the hippocampus.
The event that a FETUS is born dead or stillborn.
Any suction exerted by the mouth; response of the mammalian infant to draw milk from the breast. Includes sucking on inanimate objects. Not to be used for thumb sucking, which is indexed under fingersucking.
Use of nursing bottles for feeding. Applies to humans and animals.
ENTEROCOLITIS with extensive ulceration (ULCER) and NECROSIS. It is observed primarily in LOW BIRTH WEIGHT INFANT.
A group of inherited enzyme deficiencies which feature elevations of GALACTOSE in the blood. This condition may be associated with deficiencies of GALACTOKINASE; UDPGLUCOSE-HEXOSE-1-PHOSPHATE URIDYLYLTRANSFERASE; or UDPGLUCOSE 4-EPIMERASE. The classic form is caused by UDPglucose-Hexose-1-Phosphate Uridylyltransferase deficiency, and presents in infancy with FAILURE TO THRIVE; VOMITING; and INTRACRANIAL HYPERTENSION. Affected individuals also may develop MENTAL RETARDATION; JAUNDICE; hepatosplenomegaly; ovarian failure (PRIMARY OVARIAN INSUFFICIENCY); and cataracts. (From Menkes, Textbook of Child Neurology, 5th ed, pp61-3)
The short wide vessel arising from the conus arteriosus of the right ventricle and conveying unaerated blood to the lungs.
A form of electrophysiologic audiometry in which an analog computer is included in the circuit to average out ongoing or spontaneous brain wave activity. A characteristic pattern of response to a sound stimulus may then become evident. Evoked response audiometry is known also as electric response audiometry.
Pathophysiological conditions of the FETUS in the UTERUS. Some fetal diseases may be treated with FETAL THERAPIES.
A pathological condition caused by lack of oxygen, manifested in impending or actual cessation of life.
A bacterium which causes mastitis in cattle and occasionally in man.
Determination of the nature of a pathological condition or disease in the postimplantation EMBRYO; FETUS; or pregnant female before birth.
The basic cellular units of nervous tissue. Each neuron consists of a body, an axon, and dendrites. Their purpose is to receive, conduct, and transmit impulses in the NERVOUS SYSTEM.
A strain of albino rat used widely for experimental purposes because of its calmness and ease of handling. It was developed by the Sprague-Dawley Animal Company.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
A large lobed glandular organ in the abdomen of vertebrates that is responsible for detoxification, metabolism, synthesis and storage of various substances.
Errors in the metabolism of LIPIDS resulting from inborn genetic MUTATIONS that are heritable.
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
Cells propagated in vitro in special media conducive to their growth. Cultured cells are used to study developmental, morphologic, metabolic, physiologic, and genetic processes, among others.
The co-occurrence of pregnancy and parasitic diseases. The parasitic infection may precede or follow FERTILIZATION.
Conditions that impair the transmission of auditory impulses and information from the level of the ear to the temporal cortices, including the sensorineural pathways.
A reduction in brain oxygen supply due to ANOXEMIA (a reduced amount of oxygen being carried in the blood by HEMOGLOBIN), or to a restriction of the blood supply to the brain, or both. Severe hypoxia is referred to as anoxia, and is a relatively common cause of injury to the central nervous system. Prolonged brain anoxia may lead to BRAIN DEATH or a PERSISTENT VEGETATIVE STATE. Histologically, this condition is characterized by neuronal loss which is most prominent in the HIPPOCAMPUS; GLOBUS PALLIDUS; CEREBELLUM; and inferior olives.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
Substances and drugs that lower the SURFACE TENSION of the mucoid layer lining the PULMONARY ALVEOLI.
The measurement of an organ in volume, mass, or heaviness.
A bilateral retinopathy occurring in premature infants treated with excessively high concentrations of oxygen, characterized by vascular dilatation, proliferation, and tortuosity, edema, and retinal detachment, with ultimate conversion of the retina into a fibrous mass that can be seen as a dense retrolental membrane. Usually growth of the eye is arrested and may result in microophthalmia, and blindness may occur. (Dorland, 27th ed)
A severe, sometimes fatal, disorder of adipose tissue occurring chiefly in preterm or debilitated infants suffering from an underlying illness and manifested by a diffuse, nonpitting induration of the affected tissue. The skin becomes cold, yellowish, mottled, and inflexible.
The species Oryctolagus cuniculus, in the family Leporidae, order LAGOMORPHA. Rabbits are born in burrows, furless, and with eyes and ears closed. In contrast with HARES, rabbits have 22 chromosome pairs.
Identification of genetic carriers for a given trait.
The inactive proenzyme of trypsin secreted by the pancreas, activated in the duodenum via cleavage by enteropeptidase. (Stedman, 25th ed)
Measurement of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the blood.
Morphological and physiological development of EMBRYOS or FETUSES.
Systemic inflammatory response syndrome with a proven or suspected infectious etiology. When sepsis is associated with organ dysfunction distant from the site of infection, it is called severe sepsis. When sepsis is accompanied by HYPOTENSION despite adequate fluid infusion, it is called SEPTIC SHOCK.
RNA sequences that serve as templates for protein synthesis. Bacterial mRNAs are generally primary transcripts in that they do not require post-transcriptional processing. Eukaryotic mRNA is synthesized in the nucleus and must be exported to the cytoplasm for translation. Most eukaryotic mRNAs have a sequence of polyadenylic acid at the 3' end, referred to as the poly(A) tail. The function of this tail is not known for certain, but it may play a role in the export of mature mRNA from the nucleus as well as in helping stabilize some mRNA molecules by retarding their degradation in the cytoplasm.
The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.
The fluid excreted by the SWEAT GLANDS. It consists of water containing sodium chloride, phosphate, urea, ammonia, and other waste products.
Death of the developing young in utero. BIRTH of a dead FETUS is STILLBIRTH.
An unctuous substance composed of sebum and desquamated epithelial cells, which covers the skin of the fetus.
The act of breathing with the LUNGS, consisting of INHALATION, or the taking into the lungs of the ambient air, and of EXHALATION, or the expelling of the modified air which contains more CARBON DIOXIDE than the air taken in (Blakiston's Gould Medical Dictionary, 4th ed.). This does not include tissue respiration (= OXYGEN CONSUMPTION) or cell respiration (= CELL RESPIRATION).
The process of giving birth to one or more offspring.
Persons functioning as natural, adoptive, or substitute parents. The heading includes the concept of parenthood as well as preparation for becoming a parent.
Positive test results in subjects who do not possess the attribute for which the test is conducted. The labeling of healthy persons as diseased when screening in the detection of disease. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
Countries in the process of change with economic growth, that is, an increase in production, per capita consumption, and income. The process of economic growth involves better utilization of natural and human resources, which results in a change in the social, political, and economic structures.
Nutritional physiology of children from birth to 2 years of age.
The measure of the level of heat of a human or animal.
The last third of a human PREGNANCY, from the beginning of the 29th through the 42nd completed week (197 to 294 days) of gestation.
Partial hearing loss in both ears.
The upper part of the human body, or the front or upper part of the body of an animal, typically separated from the rest of the body by a neck, and containing the brain, mouth, and sense organs.
Congenital obliteration of the lumen of the intestine, with the ILEUM involved in 50% of the cases and the JEJUNUM and DUODENUM following in frequency. It is the most frequent cause of INTESTINAL OBSTRUCTION in NEWBORNS. (From Stedman, 25th ed)
Informed consent given by a parent on behalf of a minor or otherwise incompetent child.
Inborn errors of metabolism characterized by defects in specific lysosomal hydrolases and resulting in intracellular accumulation of unmetabolized substrates.
The techniques used to draw blood from a vein for diagnostic purposes or for treatment of certain blood disorders such as erythrocytosis, hemochromatosis, polycythemia vera, and porphyria cutanea tarda.
The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.
Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
A subtype of HLA-DRB beta chains that includes over 50 allelic variants. The HLA-DRB3 beta-chain subtype is associated with HLA-DR52 serological subtype.
Acute conjunctival inflammation in the newborn, usually caused by maternal gonococcal infection. The causative agent is NEISSERIA GONORRHOEAE. The baby's eyes are contaminated during passage through the birth canal.
Disorders in which there is a delay in development based on that expected for a given age level or stage of development. These impairments or disabilities originate before age 18, may be expected to continue indefinitely, and constitute a substantial impairment. Biological and nonbiological factors are involved in these disorders. (From American Psychiatric Glossary, 6th ed)
A species of SWINE, in the family Suidae, comprising a number of subspecies including the domestic pig Sus scrofa domestica.
The white liquid secreted by the mammary glands. It contains proteins, sugar, lipids, vitamins, and minerals.
The branch of medicine dealing with the fetus and infant during the perinatal period. The perinatal period begins with the twenty-eighth week of gestation and ends twenty-eight days after birth. (From Dorland, 27th ed)
The state of PREGNANCY in women with DIABETES MELLITUS. This does not include either symptomatic diabetes or GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE induced by pregnancy (DIABETES, GESTATIONAL) which resolves at the end of pregnancy.
A mass spectrometry technique using two (MS/MS) or more mass analyzers. With two in tandem, the precursor ions are mass-selected by a first mass analyzer, and focused into a collision region where they are then fragmented into product ions which are then characterized by a second mass analyzer. A variety of techniques are used to separate the compounds, ionize them, and introduce them to the first mass analyzer. For example, for in GC-MS/MS, GAS CHROMATOGRAPHY-MASS SPECTROMETRY is involved in separating relatively small compounds by GAS CHROMATOGRAPHY prior to injecting them into an ionization chamber for the mass selection.
A chlorinated bisphenol antiseptic with a bacteriostatic action against Gram-positive organisms, but much less effective against Gram-negative organisms. It is mainly used in soaps and creams and is an ingredient of various preparations used for skin disorders. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p797)
A subtype of HLA-DRB beta chains that is associated with the HLA-DR53 serological subtype.
Food processed and manufactured for the nutritional health of children in their first year of life.
Methods to determine in patients the nature of a disease or disorder at its early stage of progression. Generally, early diagnosis improves PROGNOSIS and TREATMENT OUTCOME.
Organized services to provide health care for children.
Abnormally low BODY TEMPERATURE that is intentionally induced in warm-blooded animals by artificial means. In humans, mild or moderate hypothermia has been used to reduce tissue damages, particularly after cardiac or spinal cord injuries and during subsequent surgeries.
Small polyhedral outpouchings along the walls of the alveolar sacs, alveolar ducts and terminal bronchioles through the walls of which gas exchange between alveolar air and pulmonary capillary blood takes place.
Progressive restriction of the developmental potential and increasing specialization of function that leads to the formation of specialized cells, tissues, and organs.
Medical problems associated with OBSTETRIC LABOR, such as BREECH PRESENTATION; PREMATURE OBSTETRIC LABOR; HEMORRHAGE; or others. These complications can affect the well-being of the mother, the FETUS, or both.
A clear, yellowish liquid that envelopes the FETUS inside the sac of AMNION. In the first trimester, it is likely a transudate of maternal or fetal plasma. In the second trimester, amniotic fluid derives primarily from fetal lung and kidney. Cells or substances in this fluid can be removed for prenatal diagnostic tests (AMNIOCENTESIS).
Measurable and quantifiable biological parameters (e.g., specific enzyme concentration, specific hormone concentration, specific gene phenotype distribution in a population, presence of biological substances) which serve as indices for health- and physiology-related assessments, such as disease risk, psychiatric disorders, environmental exposure and its effects, disease diagnosis, metabolic processes, substance abuse, pregnancy, cell line development, epidemiologic studies, etc.
The capability of the LUNGS to distend under pressure as measured by pulmonary volume change per unit pressure change. While not a complete description of the pressure-volume properties of the lung, it is nevertheless useful in practice as a measure of the comparative stiffness of the lung. (From Best & Taylor's Physiological Basis of Medical Practice, 12th ed, p562)
The outward appearance of the individual. It is the product of interactions between genes, and between the GENOTYPE and the environment.
In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.

The role of colorstrum on the occurrence of immunoglobulin G subclasses and antibody production in neonatal goats. (1/22591)

Quantitative determinations of IgG1 and IgG2, in one group of colostrum-fed and one group of colostrum-deprived neonatal goats revealed that the occurrence of the IgG1 subclass preceeded that of the IgG2 in both cases. In the colostrum-fed animals the IgG2 appeared, on an average, in the fourth week of life whereas in the colostrum-deprived animals the IgG2 was detected as early as three weeks after birth. At the age of twelve weeks the mean concentrations for IgG, and IgG2 were higher in the animals deprived of colostrum. The immune response to human gamma globulin was studied in colostrum-fed and colostrum-deprived neonatal goats which were immunized at birth and again after four and eight weeks. Following the first two antigen administrations a significantly higher response was obtained in the colostrum-fed neonates. However, the third injection determined a similar response in both groups. A marked suppressive effect on the immune response was observed in colostrum-fed neonatal goats when specific antibodies were present in the colostrum after preimmunization of the mothers with human gamma globulin.  (+info)

Values of three coagulation screening tests of precolostral calves. (2/22591)

Prothrombin times, partial thromboplastin times and platelet counts were performed to determine normal values and to screen for coagulation defects of precolostral calves. The precolostral calves were in two groups: one group of a few calves was tested two years before the second larger group. The results for both groups were similar. The tests were performed on postcolostral calves and on mature cows to compare their values with those of precolostral calves. The mean values of prothrombin times and partial thromboplastin times of precolostral calves in the first group were 18.8 seconds and 54.8 seconds respectively. The mean values of prothrombin times and partial thromboplastin times of precolostral calves in the second group were 18.8 seconds and 50.8 seconds respectively. The mean platelet count was 422,400/cmm for the first group and 482,800/cmm for the second group.  (+info)

Perinatal nephropathies. (3/22591)

The purpose of this paper is to review the development of the mammalian kidney and to assess the influence that various perinatal manipulations may have on the developmental process either morphologically or functionally. Immature kidneys in general have less functional capacity than adult kidneys and a low rate of glomerular filtration, perhaps related to renal blood flow, which appears to limit the disposition of a fluid or solute load. Tubular reabsorption is also limited leading to the urinary loss of glucose, amino acids, bicarbonate and phosphate. Although the relatively low function of the immature kidney is a normal part of development, its capacity to respond under conditions of stress may be less adequate than in adults. An additional concern is that a variety of perinatal manipulations, such as the incidental or accidental ingestion of a chemical, may lead to varying degrees of altered morphogenesis or functional development of the kidney. Chemical induced renal anomalies may be of several types, but in typical teratology experiments hydronephrosis may be the most frequent observation. The functional consequences of these renal malformations may be lethal or inconsequential or while an animal may be able to survive and develop normally in the presence of a renal malformation, it is possible that a stressful situation would unmask a functional malformation which could compromise survival. Thus, some renal abnormalities may be subtle enough to go unnoticed without experimental tests. Without such tests it is impossible to evaluate the effect of functional alterations on successful adaptation.  (+info)

VEGF is required for growth and survival in neonatal mice. (4/22591)

We employed two independent approaches to inactivate the angiogenic protein VEGF in newborn mice: inducible, Cre-loxP- mediated gene targeting, or administration of mFlt(1-3)-IgG, a soluble VEGF receptor chimeric protein. Partial inhibition of VEGF achieved by inducible gene targeting resulted in increased mortality, stunted body growth and impaired organ development, most notably of the liver. Administration of mFlt(1-3)-IgG, which achieves a higher degree of VEGF inhibition, resulted in nearly complete growth arrest and lethality. Ultrastructural analysis documented alterations in endothelial and other cell types. Histological and biochemical changes consistent with liver and renal failure were observed. Endothelial cells isolated from the liver of mFlt(1-3)-IgG-treated neonates demonstrated an increased apoptotic index, indicating that VEGF is required not only for proliferation but also for survival of endothelial cells. However, such treatment resulted in less significant alterations as the animal matured, and the dependence on VEGF was eventually lost some time after the fourth postnatal week. Administration of mFlt(1-3)-IgG to juvenile mice failed to induce apoptosis in liver endothelial cells. Thus, VEGF is essential for growth and survival in early postnatal life. However, in the fully developed animal, VEGF is likely to be involved primarily in active angiogenesis processes such as corpus luteum development.  (+info)

Explanations for the clinical and microscopic localization of lesions in pemphigus foliaceus and vulgaris. (5/22591)

Patients with pemphigus foliaceus (PF) have blisters on skin, but not mucous membranes, whereas patients with pemphigus vulgaris (PV) develop blisters on mucous membranes and/or skin. PF and PV blisters are due to loss of keratinocyte cell-cell adhesion in the superficial and deep epidermis, respectively. PF autoantibodies are directed against desmoglein (Dsg) 1; PV autoantibodies bind Dsg3 or both Dsg3 and Dsg1. In this study, we test the hypothesis that coexpression of Dsg1 and Dsg3 in keratinocytes protects against pathology due to antibody-induced dysfunction of either one alone. Using passive transfer of pemphigus IgG to normal and DSG3(null) neonatal mice, we show that in the areas of epidermis and mucous membrane that coexpress Dsg1 and Dsg3, antibodies against either desmoglein alone do not cause spontaneous blisters, but antibodies against both do. In areas (such as superficial epidermis of normal mice) where Dsg1 without Dsg3 is expressed, anti-Dsg1 antibodies alone can cause blisters. Thus, the anti-desmoglein antibody profiles in pemphigus sera and the normal tissue distributions of Dsg1 and Dsg3 determine the sites of blister formation. These studies suggest that pemphigus autoantibodies inhibit the adhesive function of desmoglein proteins, and demonstrate that either Dsg1 or Dsg3 alone is sufficient to maintain keratinocyte adhesion.  (+info)

C/EBPalpha regulates generation of C/EBPbeta isoforms through activation of specific proteolytic cleavage. (6/22591)

C/EBPalpha and C/EBPbeta are intronless genes that can produce several N-terminally truncated isoforms through the process of alternative translation initiation at downstream AUG codons. C/EBPbeta has been reported to produce four isoforms: full-length 38-kDa C/EBPbeta, 35-kDa LAP (liver-enriched transcriptional activator protein), 21-kDa LIP (liver-enriched transcriptional inhibitory protein), and a 14-kDa isoform. In this report, we investigated the mechanisms by which C/EBPbeta isoforms are generated in the liver and in cultured cells. Using an in vitro translation system, we found that LIP can be generated by two mechanisms: alternative translation and a novel mechanism-specific proteolytic cleavage of full-length C/EBPbeta. Studies of mice in which the C/EBPalpha gene had been deleted (C/EBPalpha-/-) showed that the regulation of C/EBPbeta proteolysis is dependent on C/EBPalpha. The induction of C/EBPalpha in cultured cells leads to induced cleavage of C/EBPbeta to generate the LIP isoform. We characterized the cleavage activity in mouse liver extracts and found that the proteolytic cleavage activity is specific to prenatal and newborn livers, is sensitive to chymostatin, and is completely abolished in C/EBPalpha-/- animals. The lack of cleavage activity in the livers of C/EBPalpha-/- mice correlates with the decreased levels of LIP in the livers of these animals. Analysis of LIP production during liver regeneration showed that, in this system, the transient induction of LIP is dependent on the third AUG codon and most likely involves translational control. We propose that there are two mechanisms by which C/EBPbeta isoforms might be generated in the liver and in cultured cells: one that is determined by translation and a second that involves C/EBPalpha-dependent, specific proteolytic cleavage of full-length C/EBPbeta. The latter mechanism implicates C/EBPalpha in the regulation of posttranslational generation of the dominant negative C/EBPbeta isoform, LIP.  (+info)

Postnatal growth failure, short life span, and early onset of cellular senescence and subsequent immortalization in mice lacking the xeroderma pigmentosum group G gene. (7/22591)

The xeroderma pigmentosum group G (XP-G) gene (XPG) encodes a structure-specific DNA endonuclease that functions in nucleotide excision repair (NER). XP-G patients show various symptoms, ranging from mild cutaneous abnormalities to severe dermatological impairments. In some cases, patients exhibit growth failure and life-shortening and neurological dysfunctions, which are characteristics of Cockayne syndrome (CS). The known XPG protein function as the 3' nuclease in NER, however, cannot explain the development of CS in certain XP-G patients. To gain an insight into the functions of the XPG protein, we have generated and examined mice lacking xpg (the mouse counterpart of the human XPG gene) alleles. The xpg-deficient mice exhibited postnatal growth failure and underwent premature death. Since XPA-deficient mice, which are totally defective in NER, do not show such symptoms, our data indicate that XPG performs an additional function(s) besides its role in NER. Our in vitro studies showed that primary embryonic fibroblasts isolated from the xpg-deficient mice underwent premature senescence and exhibited the early onset of immortalization and accumulation of p53.  (+info)

Thyroid hormone effects on Krox-24 transcription in the post-natal mouse brain are developmentally regulated but are not correlated with mitosis. (8/22591)

Krox-24 (NGFI-A, Egr-1) is an immediate-early gene encoding a zinc finger transcription factor. As Krox-24 is expressed in brain areas showing post-natal neurogenesis during a thyroid hormone (T3)-sensitive period, we followed T3 effects on Krox-24 expression in newborn mice. We analysed whether regulation was associated with changes in mitotic activity in the subventricular zone and the cerebellum. In vivo T3-dependent Krox-24 transcription was studied by polyethylenimine-based gene transfer. T3 increased transcription from the Krox-24 promoter in both areas studied at post-natal day 2, but was without effect at day 6. An intact thyroid hormone response element (TRE) in the Krox-24 promoter was necessary for these inductions. These stage-dependent effects were also seen in endogenous Krox-24 mRNA levels: activation at day 2 and no effect at day 6. Moreover, similar results were obtained by examining beta-galactosidase expression in heterozygous mice in which one allele of the Krox-24 gene was disrupted with an inframe Lac-Z insertion. However, bromodeoxyuridine incorporation showed mitosis to continue through to day 6. We conclude first, that T3 activates Krox-24 transcription during early post-natal mitosis but that this effect is extinguished as development proceeds and second, loss of T3-dependent Krox-24 expression is not correlated with loss of mitotic activity.  (+info)

TY - JOUR. T1 - Neonatal injection of Lewis rats with recombinant Vβ8.2 induces T cell but not B cell tolerance and increased severity of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis. AU - Vainiene, M.. AU - Burrows, G. G.. AU - Ariail, K.. AU - Robey, I.. AU - Vandenbark, A. A.. AU - Offner, H.. PY - 1996/1/1. Y1 - 1996/1/1. N2 - In Lewis rats with experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) mediated by Vβ8.2 effector cells, anti-idiotypic T cells and antibodies could be boosted by injection of Vβ8.2 peptides, inducing both T cells and antibodies that reduced the severity and shortened the course of disease. However, EAE in Lewis rats is self-limiting, and we sought to determine if the anti-idiotypic response contributed to the natural recovery process. In a previous study, we found that adult tolerance induced to one of the regulatory idiotopes, Vβ8.2-44-54, caused worsening of EAE, implicating response to this epitope in recovery from EAE. However, neonatally-induced tolerance to ...
In todays edition we focus on the nutritional benefits of colostrum in mammal newborns such as calves, kids, lambs, puppies, piglets, foals, cubs, and pups.
The mammalian fetus affixed to the uterine wall in some ways resembles a homograft, but maternal homograft immunity even when specifically directed against her fetuses fails to destroy them. The placental barrier appears to be critical in protecting the fetus against maternal immunologic attack. In order to evaluate the means by which it affords protection, we have measured in rabbits the transfer of cytotoxic antibody from mother to fetus. When the offspring were not the specific targets for maternal antibody, we found titers of cytotoxic antibody in the newborn animals at or near maternal levels in 16 of 18 cases (89 per cent), demonstrating the ability of this antibody to cross the rabbit placenta. When the offspring were appropriate targets for antibody, however, 11 of 18 newborn animals (61 per cent) had no demonstrable titer. We believe that in these latter cases, antibody had become fixed to antigenic sites and thereby had been removed from the fetal circulation. There was, however, no ...
Besides the gross-out factor, however, there are other issues with this. First off, there is always a little concern that the dog will not take kindly to the boys matter-of-factly taking a toy out of his mouth. So far this hasnt been a problem, but it is always a worry. Secondly, the dog toys often have buttons and pieces that can come off and will not be safe for babies. Thirdly, the baby toys do not hold up to dog chewing, meaning our lovely set wood blocks that we searched for no less than 45 minutes at our local Target to find is now short about five blocks ...
Existing neonatal treatment intensity models can predict mortality and morbidity. Discriminatory performance as measured by the area under the receiver operating curve is poorest for long-term morbidity (0.59) and highest for in-hospital mortality in infants weighing 1000-1499 g for NTISS measured at 72 h post admission (0.958) [34, 39]. Calibration was reported by Gray et al. only who found a close agreement between observed and predicted in-hospital mortality by the Hosmer-Lemeshow test [19]. Using a variety of tests of statistical association rather than predictive performance, treatment intensity was found also to be associated with mortality, morbidity and resource utilisation [19, 35, 37, 39, 40].. Discriminatory performance of neonatal treatment intensity models for predicting in-hospital mortality measured by AUROC ranges from 0.749 to 0.958 [38, 39]. The recommended threshold for good discrimination is 0.8 [11]. The reported performance therefore suggests that the treatment scoring ...
In order to study the various trends and patterns prevailing in the concerned market, Fact.MR has included a new report titled Fetal and Neonatal Heart Monitor Market to its wide online database including upcoming trends and growth factors through 2018-2028. This research assessment offers a clear insight about the influential factors that are expected to transform the global market in the near future. The report studies the Fetal and Neonatal Heart Monitor Market worldwide, especially in North America, Europe, Southeast Asia, India and Other Regions with production, size, growth, revenue, consumption, import and export in these regions. The intelligent report also anticipates that the market would grow at a constructive CAGR until 2028.. Request for Sample of this Global Fetal and Neonatal Heart Monitor Market Research Report Here - Preterm birth is one of the most prevalent cause of stillbirths, or fetal mortality, and neonatal ...
This Application uses the Anti-GLAST antibody to generate highly purified and viable astrocytes from neonatal mouse brain tissue. | Ireland
In this Application, we describe a protocol to generate highly purified and viable astrocytes from neonatal mouse brain tissue. - France
Este protocolo tanto visualmente comunica la preparación de la médula espinal de la médula oblonga y aclara la preparación de cortes...
Pressure loads were applied to the right ventricles of newborn lambs and adult sheep by surgical narrowing of the lumen of the main pulmonary artery. Significant increases in right ventricular weight and in the diameter of the right coronary artery occurred in both age groups of animals, compared with corresponding control animals. The evidence suggests that the degree of increase in the arterial diameters, relative to the increase in ventricular muscle mass, is similar in both newborn and adult animals. However, the results suggest also that the capacity to respond to pressure loads, in terms of increased muscle mass, is relatively greater in the newborn animals than in the adults.. ...
The isolated perfused liver technique is the in vitro system most nearly comparable to the intact liver for experimental investigations on drug metabolism. The model currently used employs liver from different species, but only adults. For the first time, we have set up an experimental investigation involving perfusion of the liver of newborn animals. Using theophylline (TH) as tool drug, an in vivo/in vitro and adult/newborn disposition study was made in the rabbit. After a 10 mg/kg dose iv to adult rabbits and ip to rabbits at birth, the pharmacokinetic profile of TH was analyzed during liver perfusion at comparable TH concentrations in the medium. A few biochemical variables were recorded. No age-related differences were observed in the release of glutamic-oxalacetic transaminase and lactate dehydrogenase over the perfusion time. O2 consumption was higher in adults than in newborns, in accordance with the lower metabolic capacity of the neonatal liver, supported by the lower values of ...
Large populations (up to 600/cell) of spherical, electron-opaque granules ∼0.3 to 0.4 µ in diameter are characteristically found in muscle fibers of mammalian atria. They are absent in muscle fibers of the ventricles. The granules are concentrated in the sarcoplasmic core and occur in lesser numbers in the sarcoplasmic layers between myofibrils and under the plasma membrane. Their intimate association with a central voluminous Golgi complex and the frequent occurrence of material reminiscent of the granular content within the cisternae of the Golgi complex suggest that the latter is involved in the formation of the atrial granules. Atrial granules are larger and more numerous in smaller species (rat, mouse), and generally smaller and less numerous in larger mammals (dog, cat, human); they are absent from the atrial fibers of very young fetuses (rat) but are present in those of newborn animals. A small population of bodies containing glycogen particles and remnants of the endoplasmic reticulum ...
Functional testing showed that electrical stimulation of muscle fibers caused limbs to contract with 80% strength of what would be seen in newborn animals.
goats. In the US, it is estimated that over 90% of dairy herds are infected with MAP. The clinical signs ... Infected animals with MAP are difficult to identify and segregate from the herd or flock due to: (1) long ... lack of reliable diagnostic methods. Newborn animals are infected at the time of parturition by .... ...
Great posts. Thanks. I am so glad to find this site for you have an appreciation for animals like I do. We were planning to buy 2 foxes from different sellers so we would be a propagator. It is the only way to keep some. Newborn animals is nothing new to us. We are used to around the clock care for new born animals. From dogs cats, llamas, horses, bot bellied pigs etc, etc. I fully understand the amount of work it will take to work with a fox. Although I do admit I lack the experience I do not lack the passion. We have to start some time and this is what the forum is for those who can not have more experience hands on. We do live in country so no ordinances or neighbors. The location of where I though of putting them is in a separate building which is on a slab of concrete. Has full plumbing and even a shower in there. After reading posts I plan of converting a window to an outdoor pen as well so they can have the best of both worlds. In the room I wasnplannin on filling it with dirt, woodchips, ...
Experience a busy spring day on a working 19th century farm! Help with spring planting in the large kitchen garden, sow oats in the fields or wash clothes in a washtub. Authentic demonstrations include blacksmithing, plowing with the horses and visiting newborn animals. Craft activities, shuttle rides to and from the Nature Center, refreshments and games make this a fun event.. This event is for all ages. Cost is $4 per person or $16 per family. Children ages 3 and younger are free. ...
Super 7+ Navel Dip is an umbilical cord dry-out and protective solution for newborn animals. This is a safe & effective alternative to strong iodine. The Navel Dip is NOT intended for use on wounds.
Find a Ole Miss Rebels NCAA Newborn Heart Short Sleeve Creeper at today! With our huge selection of Ole Miss Rebels gear, youll find what you need.
Intracerebral administration of recombinant adeno-associated vector (AAV) has been performed in several clinical trials. However, delivery into the brain requires multiple injections and is not efficient to target the spinal cord, thus limiting its applications. To assess widespread and less invasive strategies, we tested intravenous (IV) or intrathecal (that is, in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)) delivery of a rAAVrh10-egfp vector in adult and neonate rats and studied the effect of the age at injection on neurotropism. IV delivery is more efficient in neonates and targets predominantly Purkinje cells of the cerebellum and sensory neurons of the spinal cord and dorsal root ganglia. A single intra-CSF administration of AAVrh10, single strand or oversized self-complementary, is efficient for the targeting of neurons in the cerebral hemispheres, cerebellum, brainstem and spinal cord. Green fluorescent protein (GFP) expression is more widespread in neonates when compared with adults. More than 50% of motor
TY - JOUR. T1 - Abnormal maturation of cerebral cortex and behavioral deficit in adult rats after neonatal administration of antibodies to ganglioside.. AU - Kasarskis, Edward J.. AU - Karpiak, Stephen E.. AU - Rapport, Maurice M.. AU - Yu, Robert K.. AU - Bass, Norman H.. PY - 1981/1/1. Y1 - 1981/1/1. N2 - Five-day-old rats received a single injection (50 microliter) of antiserum to ganglioside into the cisterna magna and were compared to control animals injected with the antiserum which had been absorbed with pure GM1 ganglioside to remove the specific antibodies. Both groups showed normal rates of body growth. However, animals receiving antiganglioside serum had, at 60 days of age, impaired performance when tested on a complex learning task (DRL) as well as chemical and morphological alterations in the somatosensory cerebral cortex. Gross morphology and wet weight of whole brain were normal in both groups. Microchemical analysis of somatosensory isocortex revealed a normal content of total ...
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Plates 34A, 34B Lower Thoracic Section 1741 Total area: 1.6474 mm2Plates 35A, 35B Upper Lumbar Section 1821 Total area: 2.7717 mm2Plates 36A,
Video articles in JoVE about cranial nerves include Ocular Kinematics Measured by In Vitro Stimulation of the Cranial Nerves in the Turtle, Preparation of Rhythmically-active In Vitro Neonatal Rodent Brainstem-spinal Cord and Thin Slice, Intra-Operative Neural Monitoring of Thyroid Surgery in a Porcine Model, Imaging Calcium Responses in GFP-tagged Neurons of Hypothalamic Mouse Brain Slices, Combining Lipophilic dye, in situ Hybridization, Immunohistochemistry, and Histology, Slice Preparation, Organotypic Tissue Culturing and Luciferase Recording of Clock Gene Activity in the Suprachiasmatic Nucleus, Biomarkers in an Animal Model for Revealing Neural, Hematologic, and Behavioral Correlates of PTSD, Primary Orthotopic Glioma Xenografts Recapitulate Infiltrative Growth and Isocitrate Dehydrogenase I Mutation, Preparation of Acute Hippocampal Slices from Rats and Transgenic Mice for the Study of Synaptic Alterations during Aging and Amyloid Pathology, Intranasal Delivery of
Colony stimulating factor-1 (CSF-1) regulates the survival, proliferation, and differentiation of mononuclear phagocytes. To determine whether CSF-1 plays a role in the perinatal development of these cells, CSF-1 protein and mRNA expression in tissues and serum from fetal/neonatal mice and their mothers was analyzed. As fetal/neonatal age increased, CSF-1 concentrations ...
From the evolutionary point of view it is quite interesting that often males and females are born in approximately similar numbers despite the fact stated by Rap, that you only need a few males to fertilize dozens of females, or even more. In many species this obviously has a lot to do with competition: the nature makes males to fight for their right to have offspring, thus ensuring that the best genes survive. But if so, why not make 2/3 males and 1/3 of females to make the competition even more fierce? Or make 1/3 males and 2/3 females simply to allow for more babies to be born. Also, human males are born at a slightly higher rate than females, is this because more males get themselves killed before they reach adult age ...
Today is National Running Day, celebrating one of the best ways to get healthy and stay in shape. Although many people prefer to run solo, you might have an eager running buddy right in your own home!
Oaktown Pup gonna give it to ya! After dancing to the latest Fetch! Pet Care Video Of the Week, youll know exactly what these talented pups are serving!
When you are feeling sore after giving birth, it is hard to even contemplate a poo. 10 expert tips to manage to your postnatal poos without pain.
This girl is in a high kill gas shelter - she gave birth to 9 pups soon after being brought in. Nothing like leaving her and the pups on a concrete floor - a blanket or a towel at least would be nice. Shes obviously scared to death. Please, please cross-post - this poor mom needs help fast for her and her babies ...
Sav-A-Caf Ultra Start Multi is a versatile multi-species colostrum supplement that is nutritionally complete. Provides 30 g protein from 100% pure Bovine colostrum.
Hypoxic-ischemic brain damage (HIBD) is a relatively common malignant complication that occurs in newborn infants, but promising therapies remain limited. In this study, we focused on the role of miR-326 and its target gene δ-opioid receptor (DOR) in the pathogenesis of neonatal HIBD. The expression levels of miR-326 and DOR after hypoxic-ischemic injury were examined both in vivo and in vitro. The direct relationship between miR-326 and DOR was confirmed by a dual-luciferase reporter assay. Further, effects of miR-326 on cell viability and apoptosis levels under oxygen glucose deprivation (OGD) were analyzed. The expression levels of miR-326 were significantly lower and DOR levels were significantly higher in the HIBD group than the control group both in vivo and in vitro. Overexpression of miR-326 downregulated the expression of DOR, while suppression of miR-326 upregulated the expression of DOR. The dual-luciferase reporter assay further confirmed that DOR could be directly targeted and regulated by
TY - JOUR. T1 - Effect of experimental hypo- and hyperthyroidism on neonatal rat brain histamine levels.. AU - Blanco, I. AU - Rodergas, E. AU - Picatoste, F. AU - Sabriá, J. AU - García, A.. PY - 1978/1/1. Y1 - 1978/1/1. M3 - Article. VL - 8. SP - 384. EP - 384. IS - 4. ER - ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Cell formation in the cortical layers of the developing human cerebellum. AU - Ábrahám, H.. AU - Tornóczky, T.. AU - Kosztolányi, G.. AU - Séress, L.. PY - 2001/2/1. Y1 - 2001/2/1. N2 - Cell proliferation has been studied in the human cerebellar cortex between the 24th gestational week and the 12th postnatal month. Intensive cell formation has been found in the external granular layer (EGL) of the human cerebellum, where the highest cell proliferation rate occurs between the 28th and 34th gestational weeks. This is followed by a gradual decrease that lasts up to the eighth postnatal month. As late in development as the fifth postnatal month, still 30% of cells of the EGL are labeled with the monoclonal antibody Ki-67, which is specific for dividing cells. The width of the EGL remained unchanged from the 28th gestational week to the end of the first postnatal month, when it starts to decrease and completely disappears by the 11th postnatal month. Large number of Ki-67 labeled ...
The purpose of this study was to gain more information on the structure of different layers of renal arteryand comparing these structures in post-natal male and female sheep. To do so, right and left renal arteries of6 adult and 6 newborn animals were dissected; the middle parts of arteries were only collected. After tissueprocessing using paraffin embedding method, 5-6-μm sections were cut and stained with haematoxylin andeosin, green Massons trichrome and Verhoeffs elastic fiber methods. Three layers were identified in thewall of artery in both sexes. In tunica media the number of rows of circular smooth muscle cells was 15-25rows in newborn and 30-40 in adult sheep. External elastic membrane was visible in adult and wasstructurally thinner than the internal membrane. Tunica adventitia was visible in all samples and collagenfibers and smooth muscles bundle were distinguished. The existence of these muscle bundles in externallayer of renal artery was not reported previously in domestic animals and
Fact.MR has adopted multi-disciplinary approach to shed light on the evolution of the global Fetal and Neonatal Heart Monitor market during the historical period of 2013 - 2017. The study presents a deep-dive assessment of the current growth dynamics, major avenues in the estimation year of 2018, and key prospects over the forecast period 2018 - 2028.. Extensive rounds of primary and a comprehensive secondary research have been leveraged by the analysts at Fact.MR to arrive at various estimations and projections of the FETAL AND NEONATAL HEART MONITOR market, both at global and regional levels. The analysts have used numerous industry-wide prominent business intelligence tools to consolidate facts, figures, and market data into revenue estimations and projections in the FETAL AND NEONATAL HEART MONITOR market.. Global sales of fetal and neonatal heart monitors are likely to surpass 261,000 units in 2018, with rising adoption in the US driving sales. Cardiotocographs remain the highest selling ...
T cell development is under tight control of the thymic microenvironment. In turn, the integrity of the thymic microenvironment depends on the physical presence of developing T lymphocytes, a phenomenon designated thymic crosstalk. We previously reported, using a novel mouse strain which has defects in both the thymic medina and cortex, that the induction of thymic cortex by bone marrow (BM) or fetal liver-derived T cell progenitors could be achieved on day 16 or 17 of gestation, but could not be induced in adulthood. Here, we further define the time window for this induction by prothymocytes. We first show that the induction of thymic cortex can be achieved during the neonatal stage. In 2 to 4 day post-partal neonates, BM injection could fully reconstituted the thymic structure and T cell compartments. Mice more than 4 days old showed decreased susceptibility to reconstitution. After 8 days, the susceptibility diminished. Next, we tested whether the induction could be obtained by prothymocytes
A new impedimetric detection of cardiotoxicity induced by doxorubicin in cultured neonatal rat cardiomyocytes, Lin Wei, Shao-Feng Wang, Hong-Wei Gu, Xia Li
Ian Tizzard (From Proceedings Ruvasa Congress 2016). When a mammal is born, it emerges from the sterile uterus into an environment where it is immediately exposed to a host of microorganisms. Its surfaces acquire a complex microbial flora within hours. If it is to survive, the newborn animal must be able to control this microbial invasion. In practice, the adaptive immune system takes some time to become fully functional, and innate mechanisms are responsible for the initial resistance to infection. In the domestic mammals, the adaptive immune system is fully developed at birth but cannot function at adult levels for several weeks. The complete development of adaptive immunity depends on antigenic stimulation. Thus, newborn mammals are vulnerable to infection for the first few weeks of life. They need assistance in defending themselves at this time. This temporary help is provided by the mother in the form of antibodies from colostrum and milk. The passive transfer of immunity from mother to ...
Due to the special growth and developmental characteristics of newborn infants, VILI is thought to play an important role in the pathogenesis of neonatal chronic lung disease, which has an adverse effect on the survival rate and the quality of life for newborns with ALI/ARDS. To study newborn ALI/ARDS, newborn animals, such as piglets,5,6 rats,7 and rabbits,8 have been used as animal models. Because the organ development, lung volume, and birth weight of newborn piglets resemble those of newborn infants, the current study used induced ALI/ARDS in newborn piglets.. One of the aims in this study was to compare the histopathological features of the lung damage in gravitation-dependent and gravitation-nondependent regions. Compared to the gravitation-nondependent region, the gravitation-dependent region displayed increased lung swelling and hemorrhaging, and damage to the alveolar integrity and organization. We observed increased inflammatory cell infiltration, edema formation, and hemorrhages, ...
A light-and electron-microscopic study of pig hepatocytes from late prenatal to early neonatal animals shows changes which reflect an increasing rate of synthetic activity. The granular endoplasmic reticulum (ER) in the prenatal pig hepatocyte is situated along the periphery of the cytoplasm and in the region immediately surrounding the nucleus. Mitochondria are most abundant in the area adjacent to the nucleus, while the Golgi complex is generally located in the region of the bile canaliculus. The remaining portion of the hepatocyte is occupied with glycogen. A few hours after birth the hepatocyte increases about twofold in size with the nucleus shifting from a peripheral to a more centrally located position. The glycogen decreases quickly coincident with a rapid increase in the amount of granular ER and the dispersion of the mitochondria throughout the cell. The Golgi complex becomes distended and numerous vesicles appear in its immediate vicinity containing a moderately dense material. ...
Durvet Soluble Colostrum Powder designed to assist in the replacement of colostrum in deficient and newborn calves, sheep and goats. Dried colostrum provides a source of maternal antibodies and protein; lactobacillus organisms assist in the establishment of beneficial microflora in newborn animals.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Copper in fetal and neonatal development.. AU - Hurley, L. S.. AU - Keen, Carl L. AU - Lönnerdal, B.. PY - 1980. Y1 - 1980. N2 - The essentially of copper for normal fetal and neonatal development has been well documented, although copper metabolism during this period is poorly understood. The dietary requirement for copper is influenced by genetic background. The neurological phenotypic characteristics of the mutant gene quaking (qk) in mice resemble in part those of copper-deficient animals. Supplementation of the maternal diet with copper during pregnancy and lactation, or during lactation alone, greatly reduced the frequency of tremors characteristic of these mutants, and brought the otherwise low copper concentrations in the brain to normal. Prenatal copper supplementation of crinkled (cr) mice increased neonatal survival and produced nearly normal development of skin and hair. Non-supplemented cr/cr mice showed anaemia at 21 days of age which disappeared later. Similarly, ...
It has been speculated whether the metabolism of the pre-implantation embryo may be reflected on the pregnancy and characteristics of the newborn animal. The present study investigated whether respiration rates of individual embryos were correlated with gestation length, type of parturition, birth weight, sex, and viability of the offspring. In-vivo embryos (n = 47) were recovered on day 7 from 11 superovulated and inseminated Holstein-Friesian cows and embryonic respiration rates were measured individually by nanorespirometry. The embryos were classified according to morphological quality (I, II, III), stage of development, and diameter and were subsequently transferred individually (n = 43) to synchronized recipients. Gestation length of the recipients (n = 22) was calculated and the type of parturition (no assistance, light traction, heavy traction, or caesarean section) recorded. Sex, weight, and condition of the calves at birth (weak, normal, or very active) were also assessed. Results were ...
The 12th International Newborn Brain Conference will go ahead as a series of novel webinars, in collaboration with the Newborn Brain Society. This conference has always aimed to provide a state-of-the-art forum for the discussion of current research and clinical care in newborn brain monitoring and neuroprotection. The lineup of speakers and faculty are world leaders in newborn brain research and we are excited to be able to bring this conference back to life in light of all the challenges we have had with a global pandemic. We will be holding webinars every week on Thursdays at 12 PM EST from January 14th - June 10th, 2021, and we will offer 1 AMA PRA Category 1 Credit for physicians and 1 continuing nursing education contact hour for nursing NBS members who attend each live webinar. We will be advertising each individual session, as well as the whole series, throughout the next few months.. Please note, each session will be recorded and available for NBS members to view on our member portal. ...
Transport systems for organic compounds are immature in the kidney of most newborn animals. Measured in vitro, uptake of p-aminohippuric acid (PAH) into renal cortical slices is low in tissue from 2-week-old rabbits, peaks at 4 weeks and declines to adult levels. To minimize limitations encountered with the slice technique, a separated tubule preparation was employed to estimate transport. Segments of proximal tubules were prepared by incubating renal cortex in 0.375% collagenase-Ringer solution. The tubules were washed, filtered, suspended in a Ringer-acetate solution containing dilute PAH, oxygenated and incubated at 25°C. The tubules from young animals consumed oxygen to the same extent as those from adult. Intracellular concentrations of sodium and potassium were similar at each age tested. Maximal PAH uptake (T/M ratio) was Obtained after approximately 30 minutes of incubation in tissue from animals of all ages. Adult T/M ratios were significantly higher in the presence of acetate. The ...
Brown fat, also known as brown adipose tissue, is a special type of fat that turns on (becomes activated) when you get cold, to help maintain body temperature.. Importantly, brown fat is a biological fuel that can increase the metabolic rate, decrease fat storage, and thereby, lower ones propensity for developing obesity. It was previously thought that individuals were born with only a finite number of brown fat cells.. Here, and for the first time, a recent publication in the journal Scientific Reports identifies that brown fat can continue to grow and divide, even after birth. This finding has major implications; scientists can try to increase the overall number of these cells to prevent or reduce the onset of obesity.. Dr. Zhiqiang Lin, Assistant Professor and senior author of the manuscript, together with his research team at the Masonic Medical Research Institute in Utica, quantified the number of brown fat cells present in newborn animals.. For years, researchers have been arguing over ...
Science/Animal: CBD prevented the brain from damage due to lack of oxygen in newborns. In a study with rats administration of CBD prevented newborn animals from the consequences of lack of oxygen supply, namely disturbance of myelination of nerve cells and associated functional impairment.. Health Research Institute Puerta de Hierro Majadahonda, Madrid, Spain.. Ceprián M, et al. Front Pharmacol. 2019;10:1131.. Science/ Cells: How CBD reduces inflammation of brain cells. Studies of microglia cells showed that CBD exerts its anti-inflammatory effect by, among other things, antioxidant effects on the microglia.. The authors wrote that these results further confirm that CBD can have therapeutic effect under conditions where neuro-inflammatory processes are present.. Sorbonne, your Cerveau and the Moelle épinière (ICM), Paris, France Institute.. Dos-Santos-Pereira M, et al. Glia, 24. October 2019. Science / Animal: CBD can be useful in Parkinsons disease and tardive dyskinesia The repeated ...
Cells and virus preparation. Transformed fetal liver cells, bone marrow cells, and tumor-derived cell lines were maintained in RPMI medium containing 10% FCS, 100 U/ml penicillin/streptomycin, and 5 μM β-mercaptoethanol. A010 cells that produce an ecotropic replication-deficient form of the Abelson virus were maintained in DMEM containing 10% FCS and 100 U/ml penicillin/streptomycin. Viral supernatant was prepared as previously described (49).. Mice and infection of neonatal mice with A-MuLV. TYK2-/- mice were described previously (25) and were backcrossed to C57BL/6 for 8 generations. Nude mice were purchased from the Institut für Labortierkunde und Genetik (Himberg, Austria).. For the infection of newborn animals, TYK2+/- were bred with TYK2-/- animals. Hence, every litter contained TYK2+/- and TYK2-/- animals to ensure appropriate controls. We initially started the in vivo transformation experiments by intercrossing TYK2+/- and TYK2+/- mice and analyzed leukemia/lymphoma formation in all 3 ...
Cerebral hypoxia-ischemia in human infants presents a complex clinical problem in that no standardized treatment currently exists. With an understanding of the cellular and metabolic changes brought about during hypoxia-ischemia in the immature brain, researchers can better understand the course of damage caused by ischemia. Such damage was induced in young rats in an attempt to learn more about the mechanisms of hypoxia-ischemia. Seven-day-old rat pups underwent permanent unilateral carotid artery ligation and then were exposed to systemic hypoxia. At 15 days of postnatal age, researchers used neuropathologic analysis, gross examination, and staining of brain slices to assess the severity of damage from hypoxia-ischemia. Hypoxic preconditioning appeared to reduce or prevent tissue damage during a subsequent hypoxic-ischemic event.
Pilot is healing great. He has lost weight, and sports an 88lb figure. Hes working on muscle-building and range-of-motion in his rehab program.. Melody has had an evaluation by our favorite neurologist Dr. Stevenson. Melody has had some changes in her behavior patterns that are concerning. Knowing that she is already epileptic, there is a worry that something is changing in her brain. Well keep you updated on what the tests show.. And, lets not forget the cats~. Scooter has had four rectal prolapses in the last 3 weeks. Once again, were trying to find the right balance of medications to keep this at bay. Its probably due to grooming and too much hair ingestion, so it will hopefully end soon!. MeiLi had a severe episode of respiratory trouble. She became so stuffed up that she actually went into respiratory arrest early one morning ~ and yes, you can rescue breathe for a kitty! Like a newborn animal who needs stimulation to breathe, I gently hung her upside down and swung her (not as violent ...
rotavirus: Any of a group of wheel-shaped, RNA-contained viruses that cause gastroenteritis, especially in infants and newborn animals.
The story of a gorilla, from birth to adulthood, photographed on location in the wild by an award-winning American photographer, who specialises in work with newborn animals. The text will show all the aspects of the animals life in the wild, accompanied by close-up pictures of the family group in its natural habitat. A spread at the back of the book will give further conservation information, including useful websites ...
VetOne Navel-Guard - VetOne Navel Guard is an effective, fast acting, navel dip for newborn animals as an alternative to 7% Iodine. Used for rapid drying of the navel, Navel Guard is broad spectrum, passing the FDAs USP Antimicrobial Testing. Manufactured under FDA GMP regulations, Navel Guard is safe, iodine free, non-toxic, and non-hazardous while reducing pain for the animal. Eco-friendly and 100% bio-degradable, Navel Guard uses all FDA approved or FDA GRAS ingredients while remaining competitively priced without hazardous shipping charges. Navel Guard has been field tested against no-dipping, the lower range of Iodines and the gold standard of 7% Iodine. Against no-dipping and low Iodine levels, Navel Guard had 53% less infections. Compared to 7% Iodine, Navel Guard had 36% less infections, proving superior effectiveness over the industry standard.
Controlled Iodine Spray is indicated for use in cattle, horses, swine and sheep as a topical antiseptic for use prior to surgical procedures such as castrating and docking; for ringworm and foot rot; for application to the navel of newborn animals; and for minor cuts, teat sores, bruises and abrasions ...
The Iodine Wound Spray is for use on horses, cattle, swine and sheep for application to the navel of newborn animals, and to aid in the treatment of foot rot, sores, minor cuts, bruises, skin infections and abrasions.
We have investigated the dynamics of meiotic prophase I in neonatal ovaries from different wild rodent species, from a laboratory strain ofMus musculus and
For some time it has been thought that antigenic challenge in neonatal life is a tolerogenic rather than immunogenic event. Reexamination of the classic neonatal tolerance experiments of Billingham, Brent, and Medawar showed that tolerance is not an intrinsic property of the newborn immune system, but that the nature of the antigen-presenting cell determines whether the outcome is neonatal tolerance or immunization.
Animals and reagents. Newborn Sprague-Dawley rats (18-20 g) were supplied by the Animal Center of Guangzhou Medical University. Rats were housed and used in accordance with our institutional guidelines for animal care and the Guide for Animal Care of the National Institutes of Health. Dulbeccos modified Eagles medium (DMEM), fetal bovine serum (FBS), and TRIzol were purchased from Gibco BRL (USA). Trypsin was obtained from Amersco (USA). Alpha-sarcomeric actin was purchased from Santa Cruz Biotechnology (USA). The SYBR®GreenPCR Master Mix was obtained from Applied Biosystems (USA). The Thermo ScriptRT-PCR kit was purchased from Invitrogen (USA). [3H]-leucine (Leu) was obtained from the China Institute of Atomic Energy (China) and recombinant Ang II and HGF were purchased from Sigma (Germany).. Primary cardiomyocyte culture. Rat neonatal ventricular cardiomyocytes were prepared as previously described, with some modifications (17). The cells were suspended in DMEM containing 10% FBS and 0.1 mM ...
One strategy we are undertaking to advance this work is to characterize the antigen-presenting environment in pre- and post-natal life, with the focus on defining factors that dictate whether exposure to allergen in early life induces T cell sensitization or tolerance. The thinking is that in certain circumstances, T cell sensitization can occur in utero or in early post-natal life and that factors responsible for these circumstances have increased in the past 20 years. It has been proposed that this could explain the increased incidence of asthma and other inflammatory diseases. The challenge for scientists is to identify factors that control this process, with the ultimate goal of developing therapeutic strategies to reverse the progressive increase in disease. Our studies are focused on antigen-presenting cells such as dendritic cells (DCs) or macrophages, as they are known to direct the T cell responses to antigen throughout life, presumably including the pre- and post-natal period. In ...
Semantic Scholar extracted view of Effects of prenatal exposure to 2,4-D/2,4,5-T mixture on postnatal changes in rat brain glutamate, GABA, protein, and nucleic acid levels. by Fouad Kasim Mohammad et al.
A lipid metabolite called 12,13-diHOME is in human breast milk and appears to be associated with beneficial infant weight gain and body composition in the early postnatal period.
Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of Angiotensin II type 1 receptor antagonist attenuates lung fibrosis in hyperoxia-exposed newborn rats. Together they form a unique fingerprint. ...
Caring for newborn kittens is hard work. They require attention and care around the clock. If you have recently taken in some newborn kittens, you will have your work cut out for you. If the mother cat is still in the picture, she can...
Fetal and Neonatal Heart Monitor Market is driven by rise in cases of preterm birth due to premature rupture of membrane, rise in prevalence of heart disorders, introduction of new digital technologies, and well-developed health care infrastructure
BISAC: SCI089000. The ability to observe the world around us through sight provides us with many advantages we may take for granted daily. We are able to recognize a hazard well in advance because we see it; we can find allies because we see them. Further, thanks to the perception of the world that gives us sight, we can collect information to help us develop feelings, such as trust in others, love and sensations, like beauty.. However, the mechanism to enjoy this capability is really complex, starting with the structure responsible for receiving, processing and transmitting information to the brain. This book discusses the ways in which ganglion cells are used in the nervous system, as well as their morphology, functional development and role in diseases. (Imprint: Nova Biomedical ). ...
Journal Article: Neural Stem Cells Expressing bFGF Reduce Brain Damage and Restore Sensorimotor Function after Neonatal Hypoxia-Ischemia. Ye, Qingsong, Wu, Yanqing, Wu, Jiamin, Zou, Shuang, Al-Zaazaai, Ali Ahmed, Zhang, Hongyu, Shi, Hongxue, Xie, Ling, Liu, Yanlong, Xu, Ke, He, Huacheng, Zhang, Fabiao, Ji, Yiming, He, Yan and Xiao, Jian (2017) Neural Stem Cells Expressing bFGF Reduce Brain Damage and Restore Sensorimotor Function after Neonatal Hypoxia-Ischemia. Cellular physiology and biochemistry : international journal of experimental cellular physiology, biochemistry, and pharmacology, 45 1: 108-118. doi:10.1159/000486226. ...
The level of Fc receptor rosette-forming lymphocytes (Fc-RFL) was examined in spleen and lymph node cell suspension from neonatal DA and BN rats inoculated within 24 hr of birth with either allogeneic L (experimental) or syngeneic (control) lymphoid cells. In addition, these levels were compared to fetal and neonatal animals that received no injection. The indicator cells (EA) were sheep erythrocytes sensitized with one-half concentration of the highest dilution of rabbit anti-sheep erythrocyte IgG(A) which agglutinated an equal amount of 1% suspension of E. Care was taken to exclude scoring macrophages by injecting colloidal carbon at least 1 hr before killing the test animals. The spleen of 19-day DA fetal rats exhibited a level of 19.3% Fc-RFL, similar to that of animals having received adult syngeneic cells at birth (40.0%) by day 7. Thereafter the level of Fc-RFL did not vary appreciably between these two groups. However, as early as 2 days after inoculation there was a significantly greater
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Team leader: Stephane Mortaud. The general theme of the team has been developed at the INEM since 2010. It concerns the vulnerability of the nervous system to environmental factors during development, notably following chronic exposure to very low-dosage xenobiotics (pesticides, toxins, etc.) during gestation and early post-natal development.. This theme is thus included in the analysis of the xenobiotics risk which requires consideration of the vulnerability of early development and the long term effects of an altered programming on the nervous system. The main theme is the study of the effects of environmental agents potentially toxic at low doses, notably pesticides and the biotransformation products issued from these xenobiotics in the organism.. ...
Although some invertebrates can regrow parts of their hearts after damage, that has not been known to be possible for mammals. Until now, that is. Hesham Sadek and his colleagues from the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center have observed heart regeneration in newborn mice.. The researchers removed 15% of the heart tissue from newborn mice. To their surprise, the infant mice were able to regrow the tissue. The resultant hearts looked and performed exactly like normal hearts. This ability was retained until the mice were seven days old, at which point they lost the capacity to grow new heart muscle. To put that in perspective, mice reach maturity between 6 to 8 weeks and can live for two or three years. Thus, the ability to fix heart problems continues for a large part of the mouses childhood.. The scientists believe that the infant mices cardiomyocytes, the beating cells of the heart, can stop beating and divide, repairing the damage. The next step is to figure out whether adult ...
BACKGROUND: Although studies in neonatal animals show that anesthetics have neurotoxic effects, relevant human evidence is limited. We examined whether children who had surgery during infancy showed deficits in academic achievement.. METHODS: We attempted to contact parents of 577 children who, during infancy, had one of three operations typically performed in otherwise healthy children. We compared scores on academic achievement tests with population norms.. RESULTS: Composite scores were available for 287 patients. The mean normal curve equivalent score was 43.0 ± 22.4 (mean ± SD), lower than the expected normative value of 50, P , 0.0001 by one-sample Student t test; and 35 (12%) had scores below the 5th percentile, more than expected, P , 0.00001 by binomial test. Of 133 patients who consented to participate so that their scores could be examined in relation to their medical records, the mean score was 45.9 ± 22.9, P = 0.0411; and 15 (11%) scored below the 5th percentile, P = 0.0039. Of ...
Chronic kidney disease affects more than 10% of the population. Programming studies have examined the interrelationship between environmental factors and differences in morbidity and mortality between individuals. A number of important principles has been identified, namely permanent structural modifications of organs and cells, long lasting adjustments of endocrine regulatory circuits, as well as altered gene transcription. Risk factors include intrauterine deficiencies by disturbed placental function or maternal malnutrition, prematurity, intrauterine and postnatal stress, intrauterine and postnatal overnutrition, as well as dietary dysbalances in postnatal life. This mini-review discusses critical developmental periods and long term sequelae of renal programming in humans and presents studies examining the underlying mechanisms as well as interventional approaches to
Maturational differences in lung NF-κB activation and their role in tolerance to hyperoxia: Neonatal rodents are more tolerant to hyperoxia than adults. We dete
Caring for newborn kittens is a great responsibility that can be quite easy, enjoyable and rewarding if you know what to do. This guide will help.
In Ashtang Ayurveda, there is a special branch called Kaumarbhrutya Tantra which foccuses on pediatric issues & covers all aspects of child growth starting from neonatal stage to adolescence .
Effective neonatal immunization of human beings has proven challenging. results CHIR-265 may possess essential implications for immunization of human being babies. Newborns are at risk for exposure to many infectious diseases, yet vaccination generally is not carried out until 2C3 months of age, owing to the immaturity of the neonatal immune system (1). In particular, B cell responses are weak and preferentially generate IgM/IgG1 antibody isotypes, and cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) responses are CHIR-265 poor (see ref. 2). In addition, maternally derived antibodies can interfere with the vaccine (3C6). Young mice are useful models to test immunization strategies for newborn humans since their response to protein antigens has similar limitations (7). Although it has been thought that immunization early in life would induce immunological tolerance (8C11), humoral responses have been induced in newborn mice against a variety of antigens (12C14). This recently has been shown to depend on an ...
I was first surprised by how friendly, welcoming, and open the LoTurco lab was. The graduate students and other undergrads were very open to sharing and explaining their research. One graduate student scheduled time for me to observe an analysis using the microscopy labs TEM (Transmission Electron Microscope), and another let me observe her calcium imaging and stimulation in the brains of neonatal mice. I was also surprised by how willing they were to help me when I was unsure of exactly how to use a certain device, and how eager they were to discuss the topics of papers I had questions about.. Im fascinated by all aspects of the brain - especially its development, functioning, and regulation - so all the projects the lab is working on interested me. I was particularly interested in one students work with calcium imaging in the development of neonatal mice brains. The study involves the dissection and subsequent stimulation of mice brains, analyzing calcium signaling in response to various ...
An animal's exposure to the antigens of a different member of the same or similar species is allostimulation, and the tissue is ...
Animal Behaviour. 61 (2): 297-303. doi:10.1006/anbe.2000.1574. S2CID 53161782. Hudson, Peter; Newborn, David (1990). "Brood ... While animals performing distraction displays are rarely documented as being killed, risks to the displaying animal do exist. ... However, animals may also imitate the behavior of a small rodent or alternative prey item for the predator; imitate young or ... The displaying animal was killed by the second predator. Additionally, it has been shown that some predators are "smart," or ...
In some cases when a parasite has weakened an animal it will become easier prey for a predator species. Occasionally predators ... Hudson, Peter J.; Dobson, Andrew P.; Newborn, David (1992). "Do Parasites make Prey Vulnerable to Predation? Red Grouse and ... Parasites". Journal of Animal Ecology. 61 (3): 681-692. doi:10.2307/5623. ISSN 0021-8790. Cáceres, Carla E.; Knight, Christine ...
As part of animal conservation (The Three Rs (animals)), live animals, as well as post mortem porcine tissues, contribute to ... Rohde Parfet, K.A.; Gonyou, H.W. (1991). "Attraction of newborn piglets to auditory, visual, olfactory and tactile stimuli". ... The domestic pig, both as a live animal and source of post mortem tissues, is one of the most valuable animal models used in ... Houpt, K.A., (1998). Domestic Animal Behavior for Veterinarians and Animal Scientists. 3rd edition. Iowa State University Press ...
Other animalsEdit. See also: List of animal names. In English the term "calf" is used by extension for the young of various ... may be used until the animal is a yearling. The birth of a calf is known as calving. A calf that has lost its mother is an ... Newborn calf.. Charolais calves which were transferred, as embryos, into their Angus and Hereford recipient mothers. ...
Newborn male mice are distinguished from newborn females by noting the greater anogenital distance and larger genital papilla ... Mice without fur are easier for the animal to consume; however, mice with fur may be more convincing as animal feed. These ... They can also be manipulated in ways that are illegal with humans, although animal rights activists often object. A knockout ... Mice are common experimental animals in laboratory research of biology and psychology fields primarily because they are mammals ...
These animals reach a length of 40 to 80 cm and a weight of 5 to 15 kg, with males generally larger than females. A bulge over ... Newborns usually have a golden-yellow fur. The mother shares responsibilities of rearing the young with the other females (" ... They live in groups of five to 20 animals, mostly in harems, i.e. a single male with several females. Young males must leave ... If the mother dies, another female adopts the young animal. Lutungs are weaned in the latter half of their first year, and ...
Much like in humans and production animals, companion animal survival in the newborn stage of life is largely dependent upon ... The newborn animal must receive colostrum within 6 hours of being born for maximal absorption of colostral antibodies to occur ... The role of colostrum for new born animals is in the provision of nutrition and also essential protection again infection while ... Colostrum is crucial for newborn farm animals. They receive no passive transfer of immunity via the placenta before birth, so ...
4-IPO has, similar to humans, a toxic effect on animals. It is toxic to livestock and many laboratory animals. Male rabbits, ... 4-IPO can also threaten newborn calves. If they become exposed to 4-IPO it increases their susceptibility to bovine ... One of the 4-IPO metabolites is toxic to the lungs, liver and kidney in humans and animals. This metabolite can covalently bind ...
... or to communicate with other animals. Many animals both groom themselves and eat or drink by licking. Grooming: Animals ... Mammals typically lick their offspring clean immediately after birth; in many species this is necessary to free the newborn ... This provides the animal with positive feedback from the licking, and subsequent addiction to the behaviour. Animals in ... Many animals use licking as a submissive or appeasement signal in dominance hierarchies. Thermoregulation: Some animals use ...
Kumar, Ajay (14 September 2007). "Newborn Hippo cheers animal lovers at Patna Zoo". India Travel Times. Archived from the ... Breeding captive wild animals is a difficult challenge that the zoo has met with some notable success. The great one-horned ... "Patna zoo to get 14 new animals - The Times of India". The Times of India. Archived from the original on 15 April 2014. "Lone ... Patna zoo The zoo is currently home to over 800 animals of about 110 species, including tiger, leopard, clouded leopard, ...
Newborns are helpless at birth, but are weaned after a few weeks. Several animals prey on the marsh rice rat, including the ... American animals: a popular guide to the mammals of North America north of Mexico, with intimate biographies of the more ... Many animals prey on marsh rice rats. The barn owl (Tyto alba) is among the most important; one study found that 97.5% of ... Newborns weigh 3 to 4 g (about 0.10 to 0.15 oz) and are blind and almost naked. About as many males as females are born. The ...
In animal husbandryEdit. Colostrum is crucial for newborn farm animals. They receive no passive transfer of immunity via the ... The newborn animal must receive colostrum within 6 hours of being born for maximal absorption of colostral antibodies to occur ... Xu RJ (1996). "Development of the newborn GI tract and its relation to colostrum/milk intake: a review". Reprod. Fertil. Dev. 8 ... Newborns have very immature and small digestive systems, and colostrum delivers its nutrients in a very concentrated low-volume ...
... tells of Bree's life as a newborn vampire and her interactions with Riley, the Cullens, and other members of the newborn army. ... A member of the Olympic Coven, Edward only drinks animal blood and has the special ability to read minds. He falls in love with ... for their tact in using newborns as soldiers, whom they dispose of after they cease to be newborns. Maria also bit and ... During the newborn attack in Eclipse, Seth stays with Bella and Edward due to his youth and acts as a connection to the pack ...
Newborn and juvenile golden lanceheads prey primarily upon invertebrates. Adult B. insularis are able to survive off only one ... Adult Bothrops insularis are the only animals on the island of Queimada Grande that have been reported to eat birds. There are ... The average size for a litter of golden lanceheads is 6.5 newborns. There are no published data regarding the size of the ... Therefore, studies would have to be done to determine whether or not juvenile and newborn golden lanceheads must compete for ...
Additionally, he still keeps some animals, including dogs, horses, and mules, on his ranch. The Passion For Horses & Artistic ... 1999) ISBN 0929346653 Imprint Training of the Newborn Foal. Western Horseman Publishing. (2003 ISBN 1585746665 / 1991 Vintage ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "Awardees". Bustad Companion Animal Veterinarian of the Year Award. ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "Bustad Companion Animal Veterinarian of the Year Award". American Veterinary Medical ...
It features a poem for a newborn baby, Kulu; "Kulu" is a term of endearment for babies and young children in Inuktitut. Kulu is ... The book emphasizes traditional Inuit values of care and stewardship for nature, respect for animals, and connection to the ... blessed with the animals of the Arctic. ...
He has immunity to 70 different poisons and also has an animal-like sense of smell. He adopts a Battle Wolf's newborn pup and ... Sunny has an animal partner, a juvenile Mother Snake named Quinn. He and the other Four Heavenly Kings were trained by Ichiryū ... He uses the skulls of animals as shoulder pads and has some kind of interest with eyeballs since he wears a necklace of them, ... She also has an animal partner named Babu, that is a large beast known as a Bubble Knuckle. Cumin (クミン, Kumin) Voiced by: ...
Animal Welfare Vol. 5. Berlin: Springer Verlag. pp. 21-35. *^ Fraser, A.F. and D.M/ Broom. 1990. Farm Animal Welfare and ... Decreased health in the new born calf will negatively impact the quality of the replacement herd.[10] There is also evidence ... Animal welfare[edit]. The practice of dairy production in a factory farm environment has been criticized by animal welfare ... Young, B. A. (1981). "Cold Stress as it Affects Animal Production". Journal of Animal Science. 52 (1): 154-163. doi:10.2527/ ...
... s are used in different kinds of livestock farming to dry newborn animals, such as piglets. The use of a good ... However, some desiccants have a very high pH-level, which can be harmful for an animal's skin.[citation needed] ... desiccant can help them dry quicker and save energy, which can be crucial for the animal's development. Another use is to ...
"Animals. 2019-11-19. Retrieved 2020-05-30.. *^ "African Wildlife Foundation". 2012-06-20. Archived from the original ... Each newborn weighs less than half an ounce. For the first three days, the infant is kept in constant contact with the mother. ... Their diet is a mixture of insects and other small animals, fruit, and tree gums.[7] They have pectinate (comb-like) incisors ... According to some accounts, the name "bush baby" comes from either the animal's cries or its appearance. The Ghanaian name ...
E.I. Goldenthal (1971). "A compilation of LD50 values in newborn and adult animals". Toxicol. Appl. Pharmacol. 18 (1): 185-207 ...
Newborn animals are well-developed and immediately able to stand; they are fully active after 30 minutes. The young stand on ... They are rather trusting but delicate animals. They feed on fallen fruits, aquatic plants, buds, leaves, shrubs and grasses. ...
Armoured Animals. UKTV.. *^ Boitani, L. (1984). Simon & Schuster's Guide to Mammals. Simon & Schuster, Touchstone Books. ISBN ... The Indian rhino's single horn is present in both males and females, but not on newborn calves. The horn is pure keratin, like ... Jerdon, T. C. (1867). The Mammals of India: a Natural History of all the animals known to inhabit Continental India. Roorkee: ... It has a human figure at the centre seated on a platform and the human figure is surrounded by four wild animals: an elephant ...
Newborn male B6C3F1 mice". Carcinogenesis. 5 (12): 1623-1628. doi:10.1093/carcin/5.12.1623. PMID 6499113. Apiole Phenylpropene ... "32P-Post-labelling analysis of DNA adducts formed in the livers of animals treated with safrole, estragole and other naturally- ...
Newborn male B6C3F1 mice". Carcinogenesis. 5 (12). pp. 1623-8. Apiol chemical information from Apiole in the ... Phillips DH; Reddy MV; Randerath K (1984). "32P-post-labelling analysis of DNA adducts formed in the livers of animals treated ...
... the newborn pre-weaned animals. With around 1 billion individuals alive at any time, the domestic pig is one of the most ... Pigs are omnivores, which means that they consume both plants and animals. In the wild, they are foraging animals, primarily ... Some attacks on newborn piglets are non-fatal. Others may cause the death of the piglets and sometimes, the mother may eat the ... A pig is any of the animals in the genus Sus, within the even-toed ungulate family Suidae. Pigs include domestic pigs and their ...
Animals with the condition should not be bred, as the condition can be inherited. Animal EDS EDS in a dog Same dog with EDS EDS ... It has been noted in newborn foals. Medicine portal Ehlers-Danlos Society Hypermobility spectrum disorder "Ehlers-Danlos ... Scott DW (2008). "Congenital and hereditary skin diseases". Color Atlas of Farm Animal Dermatology. Wiley Online Library. p. 61 ... Halper J (2014). "Connective tissue disorders in domestic animals". Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology. 802: 231-40 ...
In animals, infanticide involves the killing of young offspring by a mature animal of the same species, and is studied in ... Maternal infanticide occurs when newborn offspring are killed by their mother. This is sometimes seen in pigs, a behavior known ... They are a social animal, living in groups that consist of a single dominant male and multiple females. The dominant male has a ... Both male and female parents have been observed to do this, as well as sterile worker castes in some eusocial animals. Filial ...
Animals and other heterotrophs must eat in order to survive - carnivores eat other animals, herbivores eat plants, omnivores ... Newborn babies do not eat adult foods. They survive solely on breast milk or formula.[12] Small amounts of pureed food are ... Physiologically, animals must be able to obtain both energy and nutrients from plant and animal materials to be considered ... Other animals[edit]. Mammals[edit]. This section is transcluded from Mammal#Feeding. (edit , history) ...
Research from animals has consistently shown that when a trial is repeatedly exposed to a painful stimulus, the animal's pain ... Also, newborns who are circumcised without anesthesia have shown tendencies to react more greatly to future injections, ... In animals, cross-sensitization has been established between the consumption of many different types of drugs of abuse - in ... Researchers believe that there are parallels that can be drawn between these animal trials and persistent pain in people. For ...
Deceased relatives were usually put to rest in the open, where the bodies were eaten by animals and birds. Nowadays, bodies are ... music and chanting to help female camels accept new-borns or adopted calves. A song is performed to the mother tied to a calf, ...
"New Born". *"Bliss". *"Hyper Music/Feeling Good". *"Dead Star/In Your World". *"Stockholm Syndrome" ...
Animals who eat fruit are known as frugivores. An advantage for a plant in having fruit is that animals will eat the fruit and ... After the meconium, the first stool expelled, a newborn's feces contain only bile, which gives it a yellow-green color. Breast ... Dry animal dung is burned and used as a fuel source in many countries around the world. Some animal feces, especially that of ... Human perception of the odor may be contrasted by a non-human animal's perception of it; for example, an animal who eats feces ...
Lassa virus commonly spreads to humans from other animals, specifically the natal multimammate rat or African rat, also called ... The "Swollen baby syndrome" occurs in newborns, infants and toddlers with pitting edema, abdominal distension and hemorrhage.[6 ... Work on a vaccine is continuing, with multiple approaches showing positive results in animal trials.[23] ... Infection typically occurs by direct or indirect exposure to animal excrement through the respiratory or gastrointestinal ...
International Fund for Animal Welfare. Retrieved 29 August 2015.. *. Viegas, Jennifer (23 February 2010). "Thousands Mourn Dead ... To feed the new-born, whales, being aquatic, must squirt the milk into the mouth of the calf. Being mammals, they have mammary ... These animals have very large heads, which can make up as much as 40% of their body mass, and much of the head is the mouth. ... "International Fund for Animal Welfare. Retrieved 29 August 2015.. *. "Aboriginal Subsistence whaling". IWC. Retrieved 29 August ...
Due to newborn screening, doctors are able to detect PKU in a baby sooner. This allows them to start treatment early, ... Pleiotropy not only affects humans, but also animals, such as chickens and laboratory house mice, where the mice have the "mini ... In mating, for many animals the signals and receptors of sexual communication may have evolved simultaneously as the expression ... phenylalanine builds up in the bloodstream and can lead to levels that are toxic to the developing nervous system of newborn ...
Acute Care of at-Risk Newborns(英語:Acute Care of at-Risk Newborns) (ACoRN) ... Venomous Animals and Their Venoms: Venomous Vertebrates. Elsevier. 2013: 478 [2016-03-19]. ISBN 9781483262888. (原始內容存檔於2016-03- ... Animal Physiology: Adaptation and Environment 5. Cambridge University Press. 1997: 510 [2016-03-19]. ISBN 9781107268500. (原始內容存 ...
Male names of this sort are less common-examples like Hunter and Fischer, or names associated with strong animals, such as ... Traditionally, it is considered an affront and not an honor to have a newborn named after an older relative, so that full names ...
Newborns are about 15 cm (5.9 in) in total length. [7]. Venom[edit]. Not much is known about their venom except that it is ... heavily keeled dorsal scales that give this animal a unique 'shaggy' idea to its skin, almost bristly appearance. The scales ...
Kalakanis estimated that newborns see between 5 and 10 faces before they leave hospital in the USA. Thus, after 72 hours, they ... Thus symmetry may serve as an honest signal of mate quality in both humans and animals. However Langlois, Roggman and Musselman ... Kalakanis L. (1997) "Newborn preferences for attractive faces". Doctoral Thesis. University of Texas at Austin. Alley, T.R.; ... 1998). "Newborn infants prefer attractive faces". Infant Behav. Dev.. 21: 345-354. doi:10.1016/s0163-6383(98)90011-x. Kramer, S ...
... and ordered that it be tried on thirty-four newborn orphans and sixty-seven orphans between the ages of five and fourteen years ... for I have become like an animal with no true life or reasoning power."[160] ...
... and the interaction may play an important role in the estrogen-mediated lipid metabolism in animals and humans.[14] ... Screening for G1528C mutation in mitochondrial trifunctional protein gene in pregnant women with severe preeclampsia and new born ...
These knives were used to cut the umbilical cord of a newborn infant or to harvest sweetgrass and other sacred herbs for ... sacred animal of the Ute. ...
Jun Chen, Zao C. Xu, Xiao-Ming Xu, Animal Models of Acute Neurological Injuries, Humana Press; 1 edition, ISBN 978-1-60327-184- ... For newborn infants starved of oxygen during birth there is now evidence that hypothermia therapy for neonatal encephalopathy ... There has long been a debate over whether newborn infants with cerebral hypoxia should be resuscitated with 100% oxygen or ... Davis, PG; Tan, A; O'Donnell, CPF; Schulze, A (2004). "Resuscitation of newborn infants with 100% oxygen or air: a systematic ...
Other animals[edit]. Most mammals normally cease to produce lactase and become lactose intolerant after weaning.[9] The ... Wilson J (December 2005). "Milk Intolerance: Lactose Intolerance and Cow's Milk Protein Allergy". Newborn and Infant Nursing ... Populations that raised animals not used for milk made up the rest of the world's populations. These populations tend to have ... probably as an adaptation to the domestication of dairy animals around 10,000 years ago.[10][11] Today the prevalence of ...
Animals chronically exposed to drugs of abuse show increased levels of BDNF in the ventral tegmental area (VTA) of the brain, ... Infusion of BDNF into the lateral ventricles doubled the population of newborn neurons in the adult rat olfactory bulb and ... and when BDNF is injected directly into the VTA of rats, the animals act as if they are addicted to and psychologically ...
If we can accept that a newborn baby is conscious then a machine that emulated the type of consciousness that a newborn baby ... Back when there was no assisted locomotion other than that provided by animals had the concept of artificial locomotion been ... A new born baby is either conscious - while it is awake, or unconscious, while it is asleep. Is that not a good starting point ... "A new born baby is either conscious - while it is awake, or unconscious, while it is asleep. Is that not a good starting point ...
... which results in newborn offspring that are as little as one-third the size of haplorhine newborns.[103][114] Extant ... Primates primarily feed on fruits (including seeds), leaves (including flowers), and animal prey (arthropods, small vertebrates ...
To foster a culture of reading, parents of newborn babies are given three books - one for each parent, and a baby book for the ... Instead of formal instruction in reading and math there are lessons on nature, animals, and the "circle of life" and a focus on ...
Animal studies show that organochlorine pesticides-such as DDE-are neurotoxic, cause oxidative stress, and damage the brain's ... in relation to anogenital distance in male newborns from Chiapas, México". American Journal of Epidemiology. 165 (9): 1015-22. ... DDT and DDE are still widely seen in animal tissue samples.[2] DDE is particularly dangerous because it is fat-soluble like ... which delivers a substantial portion of the mother's DDE burden to the young animal or child.[3] Along with accumulation over ...
Premature and low birth weight babies face an increased risk of serious health problems as newborns have chronic lifelong ... While the exact mechanism for this difference is currently unknown, studies conducted on animals have indicated that nicotine ... reduction in newborn deaths. A recent study has proposed that maternal smoking during pregnancy can lead to future teenage ...
... often name newborn children after deceased family members, but not after living relatives. Sephardi Jews, in ... Notwithstanding stricter requirements for the actual slaughter, Sephardi Jews permit the rear portions of an animal after ...
Fricke, David (1987). Animal Instinct: The Def Leppard Story. London, UK: Zomba Books. ISBN 978-0-946391-55-4.. ... The first bands of the newborn musical movement competed for space in venues with punk outfits, often causing clubs to ...
Unlike his German peers, Virchow had great faith in clinical observation, animal experimentation (to determine causes of ... "Pneumonectomy case in a newborn with congenital pulmonary lymphangiectasia". Journal of Korean Medical Science. 29 (4): 609-13 ... Virchow's concept of pathology, comparison of diseases common to humans and animals ... comparison of diseases common to humans and animals). His most important work in the field was Cellular Pathology (Die ...
The stomach of a newborn baby will only be able to expand to retain about 30 ml. ... "Transmission and epidemiology of zoonotic protozoal diseases of companion animals". Clin Microbiol Rev. 26 (1): 58-85. doi ...
Report on Animal Welfare Aspects of the Use of Bovine Somatotrophin (PDF). The Scientific Committee on Animal Health and Animal ... The animals might serve multiple purposes (for example, as a draught animal for pulling a plough as a youngster, and at the end ... Field, Thomas; Taylor, Robert (2008). Scientific farm animal production: an introduction to animal science. Upper Saddle River ... Protecting and feeding the animals were a big part of the symbiotic relationship between the animals and the herders. ...
animal organ morphogenesis. • exocrine pancreas development. • regulation of histone modification. • insulin receptor signaling ... to 19-day-old newborn hippocampal neurons. This suggests that therapeutic strategies that enhance IGF2 signalling and adult ...
... to protect her newborns from the dangers that lurk in the Florida Everglades. ... Animal Mothers: Newborn Gators. Watch how this protective alligator mother uses her "Jaws of Love" to protect her newborns from ... Animal Mothers: Newborn Gators. Watch how this protective alligator mother uses her "Jaws of Love" to protect her newborns from ... Watch how this protective alligator mother uses her "Jaws of Love" to protect her newborns from the dangers that lurk in the ...
Animals. Animals (Charles River Italia, Calco, VA, Italy) were housed in a temperature-controlled facility (. °C) on a 12/12 h ... Myo-Inositol Safety in Pregnancy: From Preimplantation Development to Newborn Animals. Nilay Kuşcu,1 Mariano Bizzarri,2 and ... newborn animals were weighed, checked for gross abnormalities, and left to be nursed by their moms until weaning. Preweaning ... Animal Treatment and Zygote Collection. Female mice were hormonally induced by intraperitoneal injections of 5 IU pregnant mare ...
If a mother cat has died or is otherwise unable or unwilling to care for her newborn kittens, special care must be taken to ... If you find yourself in a surrogate role, youll need to know some basic guidelines to help you give your newborn kittens their ... A vet can give you the supplies youll need for feeding, and can check the animals for disease, parasites, and other conditions ... Newborn Kittens. Kitten Care 101: Taking Care of Orphaned Newborn kittens. If a mother cat has died or is otherwise unable or ...
... - I put off til the last minute making something for the baby shower this past Sunday and ... Craftster Community > CLOTHING > Clothing for Kids: Completed Projects (Moderator: meleriffic) > Zoo Animals Newborn Dress! ... Craftster Community > CLOTHING > Clothing for Kids: Completed Projects (Moderator: meleriffic) > Zoo Animals Newborn Dress! ...
Animals are Everetts best friends. Written by: Christopher Spicer September 04 2012 Everett is an animal lover. This isnt ... We started with the sheep, because they seem like the proper starter animal. Plus they were the first animal we came across ( ... Everett is an animal lover. This isnt something I ever tried to dispute. If Summit comes over for a sniff and a kiss, then ... He saw them all as friends and animals to touch (and pull if he got hold of an ear). He had no fear of them. ...
Pollock credits Olives easy-access toy storage for keeping the nursery in order. "Its crazy how many things a baby can accumulate," she remarks. "I feel like she is always getting gifts or new toys or books, and every night before she goes to sleep, we pick up all her toys and put them back in their place. Being able to end the day with her room in order makes it ready for us to have even more fun the next day.". ...
Newborn Straight; 22 ga x 1.5 in. Animal Research:Animal Care Products:Animal Feeding Needles ... Cadence Science Reusable Animal Feeding Needles: Newborn Precision-assembled stainless-steel feeding needles ideal for feeding ...
One of two newborn pandas is held up by a caretaker on July 11 at the Wolong National Nature Reserve in southwest Chinas ... Tiny newborn panda. One of two newborn pandas is held up by a caretaker on July 11 at the Wolong National Nature Reserve in ... Tiny newborn panda. One of two newborn pandas is held up by a caretaker on July 11 at the Wolong National Nature Reserve in ... 16 dont-miss animal photos from July. By: Catie Leary on July 30, 2012, 6:11 p.m.. ...
Browse by Risk factor: Animals, Newborn (1 article). % of records by year: 1965 2017 ...
Our Pink Lamb Newborn or Infant costume includes a little lamb jumpsuit with pink and white plaid tummy and little lamby hood! ... and hugs from family and friends alike this Pink Lamb Newborn and Infant costume is going to get the job done! The baby book ... just get your Pink Lamb Newborn and Infant costume today! ...
... they are not the only animals to perform math skills. ... Newborn Chicks Added to List of Animals That Know Math. April ... Click here to learn about efforts by the U.S. Navy to enlist animals intelligence to catch terrorists. ... "that animals might be evolutionarily endowed with an ability to track and manipulate numbers, rather than picking up their ... they are not the only animals with innate math skills. ... The Royal Society: Proceedings B: Arithmetic in newborn chicks ...
Buy Newborn cotton ankle socks with animal pattern on our official Calzedonia website. Experience our long history of tradition ...
Pink Bunny Newborn/infant Costume can be yours for a low wholesale price, and youll get it just in time for Halloween, when ... The Pink Bunny newborn and infant costume for girls is available in sizes ranging from newborn to medium which will comfortably ... The Pink Bunny Newborn/Infant costume lets the youngest member of your family join in on all of the parties this year. This ...
Staff regularly care for newborn animals at the zoo. Friday. Nov 2, 2012 at 12:01 AM Nov 2, 2012 at 4:00 AM ... could actually house a little Goeldis monkey or another small animal in need of some TLC.. Confused? Theres no need to be. ...
red_rose1 provides a lot of cute baby play mat pad cotton newborn infant crawling blanket animal playmat round carpet floor rug ... DHgate ,Baby, Kids & Maternity ,Nursery Bedding ,Mats ,Baby Play Mat Pad Cotton Newborn Infant Crawling Blanket Animal Playmat ... Baby Play Mat Pad Cotton Newborn Infant Crawling Blanket Animal Playmat Round Carpet Floor Rug Kids Children Room Nordic Decor ...
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Nutritionally equivalent to feeding maternal colostrum to newborns. Highly palatable, consistent performance. Powdered formula ... Provides newborn calves with 150 grams of globulin protein in a single feeding, plus a blend of nutrients and energy needed at ... Our helpful, friendly and knowledgeable Animal Health Product Experts are ready to serve you, simply... ... Home Dairy Calf Care Center Colostrum & Milk Replacers LIFELINE Rescue Colostrum Replacer for Newborn Calves ...
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Monogrammed or personalized baby blankets make great newborn and baby shower gifts. Gift wrapping is available. ...
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Other animals[edit]. Main article: Neonatal isoerythrolysis. Hemolytic disease of the newborn is most commonly seen in kittens ... a b c d Hemolytic Disease of Newborn~workup at eMedicine. *^ a b c Arora, Satyam; Doda, Veena; Maria, Arti; Kotwal, Urvershi; ... Hemolytic disease of the newborn, also known as hemolytic disease of the fetus and newborn, HDN, HDFN, or erythroblastosis ... Hemolytic Disease of Newborn~followup at eMedicine. *^ Shapiro, Steven M (2004). "Definition of the Clinical Spectrum of ...
Newborn" by people in this website by year, and whether "Animals, Newborn" was a major or minor topic of these publications. ... "Animals, Newborn" is a descriptor in the National Library of Medicines controlled vocabulary thesaurus, MeSH (Medical Subject ... Below are the most recent publications written about "Animals, Newborn" by people in Profiles. ... Below are MeSH descriptors whose meaning is more general than "Animals, Newborn". ...
Redditor banpeisf was worried how his corgi Wilbur would react when a newborn baby joined the family. But as the pictures below ... Animals. This Corgi Made a Newborn Baby His Best Friend. Cant handle the cute. ... Redditor banpeisf was worried how his corgi Wilbur would react when a newborn baby joined the family. But as the pictures below ...
The number of newborn cells increased in the granular cell layer (also known as the internal cell layer) of the AOB in males ... Animals. Sexually naive male Wistar rats (250-350 g) were obtained from the local breeding colony at the Instituto de ... The number of newborn cells increased in the granular cell layer (GrCL; also known as the internal cell layer) of the AOB in ... For each animal, three sections were analyzed, and the average was used for statistical analysis. The OB was reconstructed ...
  • Provides newborn calves with 150 grams of globulin protein in a single feeding, plus a blend of nutrients and energy needed at birth. (
  • Newborn Calf CR colostrum replacer for calves from Agrilabs provides essential globulin proteins, lipids and carbohydrates to give newborn calves a healthy start. (
  • Officials have charged three ex-employees of Fair Oaks Farms in Indiana with misdemeanor animal cruelty after a video showed the workers beating and kicking newborn calves, and dragging them around with tractors by their ears. (
  • Due to the many years Fair Oaks Farms has been in business, it is impossible to number the amount of calves and cows that have inhumanely died at the hands of this company," commented Animal Recovery Mission spokeswoman Rachel Taylor. (
  • The aim of this study was to evaluate genome-wide DNA methylation and gene expression in the livers of newborn rats exposed to maternal protein restriction. (
  • Altobelli G, Bogdarina IG, Stupka E, Clark AJL, Langley-Evans S (2013) Genome-Wide Methylation and Gene Expression Changes in Newborn Rats following Maternal Protein Restriction and Reversal by Folic Acid. (
  • An animal study compared a PPHN Sprague-Dawley rat model to healthy newborn control rats. (
  • Soft and comfortable cotton newborn support pillow. (
  • Were be aware that every person wishes to buy for the cheapest price tag within WEXINBUY 56 Patterns Kids Baby Newborn Bibs Animals Cartoon Waterproof Cotton Saliva Towel Infant Lunch Bib . (
  • Tang Z, Jiang M, Ou-yang Z, Wu H, Dong S, Hei M. High mobility group box 1 protein (HMGB1) as biomarker in hypoxia-induced persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn: a clinical and in vivo pilot study. (
  • Newborns with perinatal asphyxia often develop persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN). (
  • In addition to hypoxic-ischemic brain damage, persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN) is not uncommon in newborns with perinatal asphyxia. (
  • Newborns should receive colostrum in the first day of life, before feeding milk replacer. (
  • Because of the risks the drug poses to newborns, the decision was made at the start of 2017 that it shouldn't be given to pregnant women for either migraine prevention or epilepsy, certainly when other treatments are possible, the ministry told Haaretz. (
  • Buy 12 Colostrum Supplement Probiotics for Newborn Animals (item 33363) and save! (
  • Nutritionally equivalent to feeding maternal colostrum to newborns. (
  • Of course the first four weeks of the newborn kittens need their mother's milk, after that you can start to give them proper wet foods. (
  • Our Pink Lamb Newborn or Infant costume includes a little lamb jumpsuit with pink and white plaid tummy and little lamby hood! (
  • This little jumpsuit is perfect for boys or girls and is so dang cute with the vivid animal print. (
  • Animals, Newborn" is a descriptor in the National Library of Medicine's controlled vocabulary thesaurus, MeSH (Medical Subject Headings) . (
  • Results obtained provide evidence that myo-Ins induces cellular pathways involving Akt and show that (a) exposure of preimplantation embryos to myo-Ins increases the number of blastocysts available for uterine transfer and of delivered animals and (b) the developmental patterns of mice obtained from embryos cultured in the presence or absence of myo-Ins, up to three weeks of age, overlap. (
  • Here, we report that intracerebroventricular injection of the TRPV4 agonist GSK1016790A for 5 days (GSK1016790A-injected mice) reduced the number of doublecortin immunopositive (DCX + ) cells and DCX + fibers in the hippocampal DG, showing the impaired dendritic arborization of newborn neurons. (
  • Reports on an animal study finding that links anabolic steroids to brain changes in adolescent female mice, changes that can potentially lead to steroid abuse. (
  • Newborn mice can regenerate their own heart tissue following heart damage. (
  • It is possible for a newborn with this disease to have neutropenia and neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia as well. (
  • Zoo staff were recently able to separate the mother from her newborns for a few minutes to perform a neonatal exam on each of them. (
  • Something very important that a mother usually does for its young is to provide warmth that newborn kittens need. (
  • It is important not to overfeed or underfeed baby cats and your veterinarian can discuss the available options to help you provide proper nutrition for your newborn kittens. (
  • I love the baby animals. (
  • Redditor banpeisf was worried how his corgi Wilbur would react when a newborn baby joined the family. (
  • Mother fluffy cat pregnant give birth and newborn baby kittens drinking milk from their mom breast. (
  • Regular human baby bottles will likely be too big, but most pet stores have newborn kitten bottles and nipples, as well as a commercial formula specifically designed for kittens. (
  • In how to bottle feed newborn baby. (
  • Newly Monkey Trying To Drink Milk, Comely Baby Baba animal Monkey - Duration: 10 minutes. (
  • Cutest Newborn Baby Monkey, Comely Baby Handy - Duration: 10 minutes. (
  • Newly Baby hug Mom Nearly All Time, Cutest Newborn Baby Monkey - Duration: 5 minutes, 19 seconds. (
  • Grab Cutest animal Baby Monkey, Newly Baby Monkey Crying Loudly - Duration: 10 minutes. (
  • Cutest Baby Monkey, Gorgeous Newborn Today - Duration: 11 minutes. (
  • Although I am not a big fan of dress animal up, I won't mind seeing cute baby animals be photoshoped into fully-dressed human bodies. (
  • Bunny is cute and newborn baby bunny is even cuter. (
  • Baby animals are cute and they becomes even cuter when they are paired with their parent. (
  • Most animals are quite cute at their baby stage, same for the fox. (
  • When you just look at below pictures and without reading the title, you probably think these are some adorable baby animals. (
  • 24 Adorable Baby Animal Photos To Increase Your Productivity. (
  • Finally, a concrete reason for us to spend more time looking at adorable pictures of kittens, puppies, and any adorable baby animals: according to a new study, it actually increases your productivity! (
  • P.S. If you're not into the science of "why," just scroll down for the photos of adorable baby animals. (
  • They performed this task both before and after being shown a photograph of a baby animal , an adult animal , or a pleasant food item . (
  • Amazingly, the students who looked at the baby animal photos showed a significant improvement both in how many times they completed the task, and in how accurate they were (see chart at left)! (
  • The scientists theorize that this may be because caring for baby animals (nurturance) requires very tender treatment of the animals, as well as "careful attention to the targets physical and mental states as well as vigilance against possible threats to the targets. (
  • Thus, it may be possible that simply looking at photos of baby animals invokes similar productive, attentive behaviors as the ones we would have if we were caring for the animals in person! (
  • Well, if science says so… then it's only proper that you should take a few minutes out of your day to boost your productivity by looking at some adorable baby animal photos. (
  • Now that you've done all that hard, productivity-boosting work of looking at cute baby animals, you're ready to go back to your day, with your attention focused and your motor skills boosted! (
  • The Pink Bunny Newborn/Infant costume lets the youngest member of your family join in on all of the parties this year. (
  • The Pink Bunny newborn and infant costume for girls is available in sizes ranging from newborn to medium which will comfortably fit toddlers up to 18 months of age. (
  • The present study aimed to examine the effect of TRPV4 activation on the dendrite morphology of newborn neurons in the adult hippocampal DG. (
  • We conclude that TRPV4 activation impairs the dendritic arborization of newborn neurons through increasing AMPK and inhibiting Akt to inhibit the mTOR-p70S6k pathway, activate GSK3β and thereby result in the inhibition of MAP2 and CRMP-2 function. (
  • It has been proven that the mammalian brain continuously produces newborn neurons in the hippocampal dentate gyrus (DG) throughout adulthood ( Alvarez-Buylla and Garcia-Verdugo, 2002 ). (
  • Newborn kittens are especially at risk of being killed in shelters, not just because they are too young to take care of themselves, but because newborn kitten care is demanding. (
  • Farrow X1 chicken egg yolk globulin is administered orally to newborn pigs within 12 hours of birth and significantly improves piglet survival rates. (
  • A large body of evidence from human and animal studies demonstrates that the maternal diet during pregnancy can programme physiological and metabolic functions in the developing fetus, effectively determining susceptibility to later disease. (
  • Pregnancy & Newborn is an online community that embraces the trials and triumphs of motherhood. (
  • Reports on research showing that newborns whose mothers abused methamphetamine during pregnancy showed lower rates of fetal growth as compared with unexposed newborns. (
  • Susceptibility of new born and adult laboratory animals to Chikungunya virus. (
  • In this study, we examined apoptosis, proliferation, migration, and survival of newborn cells in the young (2 weeks), young-adult (6 weeks), middle-aged (12 months), and old (24 months) rat DG. (
  • Available from Newborn to Adult! (
  • Because fleas are transmitted to newborn kittens of their mothers, it is important to treat the mother with an anti-flea remedy prescribed by her veterinarian. (
  • While flea removal is essential, it is also a delicate process, because commercial flea treatment can also be fatal for newborns and puppies under 6 weeks of age. (
  • Dogged investigation by a non-profit online media organization in Texas has revealed that between 2003 and 2007, the state quietly gave hundreds of newborn blood samples to a U.S. Armed Forces laboratory for use in a forensics database. (
  • Designed to meet the special needs of pharmacologists, toxicologists, pathologists, and other biomedical researchers working with laboratory animals. (
  • Then, they'd warm formula in a newborn kitten bottle and hold Oboe in a natural nursing position (on his tummy with his head up) while he drank. (
  • If her mother refuses to feed her, then you have to take care of the newborn and feed her with a bottle. (
  • This is very time consuming for someone who is bottle-feeding a newborn kitten, so if at all possible, you will want to try to keep the kitten with its mother or a surrogate lactating cat who can nurse it. (
  • Ron Schmidt, owner of Provanco Feeds, said: "We know newborn pigs are particularly susceptible to PEDv. (
  • Animal Planet Presents: Cutest. (
  • The folks at Animal Planet have been hard at work selecting the cutest kittens featured on previous episodes of "Too Cute" to be in a very special episode, "Cutest Kittens Ever" (airing Saturday, 9/7 at 9 PM). The show has an interactive component as well. (
  • Cutest animal triplets , Poor Adorable Mom fall Down From high Trees - Duration: 10 minutes. (
  • We could say that in the farms, we are using farm animals for our own benefit in many ways, one of these benefits is the milk that we take from the cows and other animals, and how we used it. (
  • Serum HMGB1 levels were significantly elevated in newborns with PPHN, compared to those in healthy controls, and decreased dramatically after PPHN resolution. (
  • If a mother cat has died or is otherwise unable or unwilling to care for her newborn kittens, special care must be taken to ensure their survival. (
  • Hemolytic disease of the newborn , also known as hemolytic disease of the fetus and newborn , HDN , HDFN , or erythroblastosis fetalis , [1] is an alloimmune condition that develops in a peripartum fetus , when the IgG molecules (one of the five main types of antibodies ) produced by the mother pass through the placenta . (
  • If you have newborn kittens who've been separated from their mother, consult with a veterinarian, shelter or experienced foster care giver who can help you find a new mother cat with a small litter-she may be able to. (
  • Newborns will cling, solely, to their mother for about five weeks after birth. (
  • Researchers at Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston revealed that they have managed to grow a human-like ear from animal tissue, taking them another step closer towards developing a complete human ear from a patient's cells. (
  • As controls, blood serum samples were collected from the umbilical arteries of healthy full-term newborns born in our hospital during the same period. (
  • We started with the sheep, because they seem like the proper starter animal. (
  • Here we have rounded up 35 heart warming photos which witness sweat animal parenting moments. (
  • GUILFORD -- An unthinkable case of animal cruelty that spanned across several shoreline communities has a connection to the opioid crisis. (
  • The disturbing video was the result of an investigation at the farm from August to September 2018, when a member of the animal rights organization Animal Recovery Mission went undercover as an employee and discovered the abuse. (
  • Background:Persistent pulmonary hypertension in the newborn remains a syndrome with high mortality. (
  • The milk will be the only nutritional contribution that the newborn kittens will need until weaning. (
  • As you know, in our last article we were talking about what I was doing in our small family farm when I was young, we were talking about spring when all animals have their offspring's and at the end we were talking about the cows and the milk that they produce. (
  • This worthy group of rescuers in Texas have stepped in to fill a critical need in their community's Animal Care & Control department. (
  • The dogs are now in the care of Animal Control, and Cunnington went before a judge on Friday. (
  • They will also be taking monetary donations for the Saginaw County Animal Care Center. (
  • Ensure, however, that such products are kept away from the kitten and its immediate environment, since chemicals can kill newborn kittens and those under 6 weeks of age. (
  • Most people have heard of pheromones, those mysterious chemicals that animals secrete to attract members of the opposite sex. (