Gills: Paired respiratory organs of fishes and some amphibians that are analogous to lungs. They are richly supplied with blood vessels by which oxygen and carbon dioxide are exchanged directly with the environment.Tilapia: A freshwater fish used as an experimental organism and for food. This genus of the family Cichlidae (CICHLIDS) inhabits Central and South America (one species extends north into Texas), West Indies, Africa, Madagascar, Syria, and coastal India.Fish Diseases: Diseases of freshwater, marine, hatchery or aquarium fish. This term includes diseases of both teleosts (true fish) and elasmobranchs (sharks, rays and skates).Bivalvia: A class in the phylum MOLLUSCA comprised of mussels; clams; OYSTERS; COCKLES; and SCALLOPS. They are characterized by a bilaterally symmetrical hinged shell and a muscular foot used for burrowing and anchoring.Oncorhynchus mykiss: A large stout-bodied, sometimes anadromous, TROUT found in still and flowing waters of the Pacific coast from southern California to Alaska. It has a greenish back, a whitish belly, and pink, red, or lavender stripes on the sides, with usually a sprinkling of black dots. It is highly regarded as a sport and food fish. Its former name was Salmo gairdneri. The sea-run rainbow trouts are often called steelheads. Redband trouts refer to interior populations of rainbows.Brachyura: An infraorder of chiefly marine, largely carnivorous CRUSTACEA, in the order DECAPODA, including the genera Cancer, Uca, and Callinectes.Protozoan Infections, Animal: Infections with unicellular organisms formerly members of the subkingdom Protozoa. The infections may be experimental or veterinary.Seawater: The salinated water of OCEANS AND SEAS that provides habitat for marine organisms.Fresh Water: Water containing no significant amounts of salts, such as water from RIVERS and LAKES.Salmo salar: A commercially important species of SALMON in the family SALMONIDAE, order SALMONIFORMES, which occurs in the North Atlantic.Fishes: A group of cold-blooded, aquatic vertebrates having gills, fins, a cartilaginous or bony endoskeleton, and elongated bodies covered with scales.Fundulidae: Family of small, surface-dwelling fish that inhabit fresh and brackish waters, and coastal marine areas.Acclimatization: Adaptation to a new environment or to a change in the old.Water-Electrolyte Balance: The balance of fluid in the BODY FLUID COMPARTMENTS; total BODY WATER; BLOOD VOLUME; EXTRACELLULAR SPACE; INTRACELLULAR SPACE, maintained by processes in the body that regulate the intake and excretion of WATER and ELECTROLYTES, particularly SODIUM and POTASSIUM.Trout: Various fish of the family SALMONIDAE, usually smaller than salmon. They are mostly restricted to cool clear freshwater. Some are anadromous. They are highly regarded for their handsome colors, rich well-flavored flesh, and gameness as an angling fish. The genera Salvelinus, Salmo, and ONCORHYNCHUS have been introduced virtually throughout the world.Fish Proteins: Proteins obtained from species of fish (FISHES).Lobosea: A class of amoeboid EUKARYOTES that forms either filiform subpseudopodia or lobopodia. Characteristics include the absence of sorocarps, sporangia, or similar fruiting bodies. Lobosea were formerly members of the phylum Sarcomastigophora, subphylum Sarcodina, under the old five kingdom paradigm.AnguillaAquaculture: Cultivation of natural faunal resources of water. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Hypercapnia: A clinical manifestation of abnormal increase in the amount of carbon dioxide in arterial blood.Dictyocaulus: Nematodes parasitic in the bronchi of herbivorous animals.Acid-Base Equilibrium: The balance between acids and bases in the BODY FLUIDS. The pH (HYDROGEN-ION CONCENTRATION) of the arterial BLOOD provides an index for the total body acid-base balance.Bicarbonates: Inorganic salts that contain the -HCO3 radical. They are an important factor in determining the pH of the blood and the concentration of bicarbonate ions is regulated by the kidney. Levels in the blood are an index of the alkali reserve or buffering capacity.Dictyocaulus Infections: Infection with nematodes of the genus DICTYOCAULUS. In deer, cattle, sheep, and horses the bronchi are the site of infestation.Jealousy: An irrational reaction compounded of grief, loss of self-esteem, enmity against the rival and self criticism.Love: Affection; in psychiatry commonly refers to pleasure, particularly as it applies to gratifying experiences between individuals.Practice Guidelines as Topic: Directions or principles presenting current or future rules of policy for assisting health care practitioners in patient care decisions regarding diagnosis, therapy, or related clinical circumstances. The guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by the convening of expert panels. The guidelines form a basis for the evaluation of all aspects of health care and delivery.Book ImprintsFamous PersonsBiography as Topic: A written account of a person's life and the branch of literature concerned with the lives of people. (Harrod's Librarians' Glossary, 7th ed)WingNautilus: The sole genus in the family Nautilidae, order Nautilida, comprised of CEPHALOPODS with spiral external shells that are separated into chambers.ScotlandRaptors: BIRDS that hunt and kill other animals, especially higher vertebrates, for food. They include the FALCONIFORMES order, or diurnal birds of prey, comprised of EAGLES, falcons, HAWKS, and others, as well as the STRIGIFORMES order, or nocturnal birds of prey, which includes OWLS.Agricultural Workers' Diseases: Diseases in persons engaged in cultivating and tilling soil, growing plants, harvesting crops, raising livestock, or otherwise engaged in husbandry and farming. The diseases are not restricted to farmers in the sense of those who perform conventional farm chores: the heading applies also to those engaged in the individual activities named above, as in those only gathering harvest or in those only dusting crops.Agriculture: The science, art or practice of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raising livestock.PseudouridineIntramolecular Transferases: Enzymes of the isomerase class that catalyze the transfer of acyl-, phospho-, amino- or other groups from one position within a molecule to another. EC 5.4.Chromans: Benzopyrans saturated in the 2 and 3 positions.Radioimmunoassay: Classic quantitative assay for detection of antigen-antibody reactions using a radioactively labeled substance (radioligand) either directly or indirectly to measure the binding of the unlabeled substance to a specific antibody or other receptor system. Non-immunogenic substances (e.g., haptens) can be measured if coupled to larger carrier proteins (e.g., bovine gamma-globulin or human serum albumin) capable of inducing antibody formation.Histidinol-Phosphatase: An enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of histidinol-phosphate to histidinol. One of the regulatory enzymes in histidine biosynthesis. EC 22.214.171.124.Mice, Knockout: Strains of mice in which certain GENES of their GENOMES have been disrupted, or "knocked-out". To produce knockouts, using RECOMBINANT DNA technology, the normal DNA sequence of the gene being studied is altered to prevent synthesis of a normal gene product. Cloned cells in which this DNA alteration is successful are then injected into mouse EMBRYOS to produce chimeric mice. The chimeric mice are then bred to yield a strain in which all the cells of the mouse contain the disrupted gene. Knockout mice are used as EXPERIMENTAL ANIMAL MODELS for diseases (DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL) and to clarify the functions of the genes.LatviaNIH 3T3 Cells: A continuous cell line of high contact-inhibition established from NIH Swiss mouse embryo cultures. The cells are useful for DNA transfection and transformation studies. (From ATCC [Internet]. Virginia: American Type Culture Collection; c2002 [cited 2002 Sept 26]. Available from http://www.atcc.org/)Frameshift Mutation: A type of mutation in which a number of NUCLEOTIDES deleted from or inserted into a protein coding sequence is not divisible by three, thereby causing an alteration in the READING FRAMES of the entire coding sequence downstream of the mutation. These mutations may be induced by certain types of MUTAGENS or may occur spontaneously.Founder Effect: A phenomenon that is observed when a small subgroup of a larger POPULATION establishes itself as a separate and isolated entity. The subgroup's GENE POOL carries only a fraction of the genetic diversity of the parental population resulting in an increased frequency of certain diseases in the subgroup, especially those diseases known to be autosomal recessive.Receptors, Prostaglandin E, EP4 Subtype: A subtype of prostaglandin E receptors that specifically couples to GS ALPHA GTP-BINDING PROTEIN SUBUNITS and subsequently activates ADENYLYL CYCLASES. The receptor may also signal through the activation of PHOSPHATIDYLINOSITOL 3-KINASE.Receptors, Prostaglandin E, EP2 Subtype: A subtype of prostaglandin E receptors that specifically couples to GS ALPHA GTP-BINDING PROTEIN SUBUNITS and subsequently activates ADENYLYL CYCLASES.Bible: The book composed of writings generally accepted by Christians as inspired by God and of divine authority. (Webster, 3d ed)Naphazoline: An adrenergic vasoconstrictor agent used as a decongestant.Awards and PrizesReligion and Medicine: The interrelationship of medicine and religion.Ceremonial Behavior: A series of actions, sometimes symbolic actions which may be associated with a behavior pattern, and are often indispensable to its performance.Writing: The act or practice of literary composition, the occupation of writer, or producing or engaging in literary work as a profession.
Grzimek's Animal Life Encyclopedia. 8 Birds I Tinamous and Ratites to Hoatzins (2nd ed.). Farmington Hills, MI: Gale Group. pp ... ISBN 0-7876-5784-0. Gill, F.; Wright, M.; Donsker, D. (19 Jan 2009). "Ratites". IOC World Bird List. WorldBirdNames.org. ... Brands, S. (2008) American Ornithologists' Union (1998) Clements, J (2007) Gill, F. (2009) Davies, S. J. J. F. (2003) " ...
Grzimek's Animal Life Encyclopedia. 8 Birds I Tinamous and Ratites to Hoatzins (2nd ed.). Farmington Hills, MI: Gale Group. pp ... ISBN 0-7876-5784-0. Gill, F.; Wright, M.; Donsker, D. (19 Jan 2009). "IOC World Birdlist 2.0". IOC World Bird List. ... Brands, S. (2008) American Ornithologists' Union (1998) Clements, J (2007) Gill, F. (2009) Davies, S. J. J. F. (2003) Gotch, A ...
"Animal Diversity Web - Scarlet Macaw". University of Michigan Museum of Zoology. Retrieved May 29, 2008. Seabury, Christopher M ... Gill, Frank; Donsker, David, eds. (2017). "Parrots & cockatoos". World Bird List Version 7.3. International Ornithologists' ... nature of scarlet macaw breeding and the value of their plumes in trade created a market for trade wherein the animals were ...
Gill, Andy. "Album reviews: Ryan Adams - Prisoner, Animal Collective - The Painters, and Strand Of Oaks - Hard Love". The ... "possibly the perfect Animal Collective release". All tracks written by Animal Collective except "Jimmy Mack", by Holland-Dozier ... The Painters is the eighth EP by American experimental pop band Animal Collective, released on February 17, 2017. It is the ... Strauss, Matthew (February 13, 2017). "Animal Collective's New Song Is "Kinda Bonkers": Listen". Pitchfork Media. "The Painters ...
Gill, Frank (2007). Ornithology. New York, NY: W.H. Freeman and Company. "Animal Behaviour: Benefits of Mixed Flocks". Nature. ... A flock is a gathering of a group of same species animals in order to forage or travel with one another. In avians flocks are ... By hunting as a group the Harris's Hawk is able to hunt larger animals and decrease the amount of energy spent hunting while ... This alarm call of the ground squirrel requires the ability of the animal to first recognize that there is danger present and ...
... feed on animals and plants, either living or decomposing, and detritus. The name "crayfish" comes from the Old French ... They breathe through feather-like gills. Some species are found in brooks and streams where there is running fresh water, while ... Like all crustaceans, crayfish are not kosher because they are aquatic animals that do not have both fins and scales. They are ... Christoph Needon; Johannes Petermann; Peter Scheffel; Bernd Scheibe (1971). Plants and Animals (Pflanzen und Tiere). Leipzig: ...
Holy Dogs and Asses: Animals in the Christian Tradition. University of Illinois Press, 2008. ISBN 0-252-03213-6. Gill, John ( ... People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA) indicates that animals in living displays lack proper care and suffer abuse ... Besides the necessity of animals for a manger, this is an allusion to the Book of Isaiah: "the ox knoweth his owner, and the ... Staged in a cave near Greccio, Saint Francis' nativity scene was a living one with humans and animals cast in the Biblical ...
2009 Gill 2010 Worthy & Scofield 2012, p. 87 Bunce, M.; Worthy, T. H.; Phillips, M. J.; Holdaway, R. N.; Willerslev, E.; Haile ... Grzimek's Animal Life Encyclopedia. 8: Birds I: Tinamous and Ratites to Hoatzins (2nd ed.). Farmington Hills, MI: Gale Group. ... ISBN 0-7876-5784-0. Gill, B. J. (2010). "Regional comparisons of the thickness of moa eggshell fragments (Aves: ...
Gill, Aman Singh. "United we stand: The origins of multicellular animals," Berkeley Science Review #10 (2005). King, N. "The ... In animals, cadherins are required to keep cells attached to their neighbors, so it was a surprising to discover that cadherins ... In addition, King found that choanoflagellates possess genes that animal cells use to "talk" or signal to one another, such as ... Prior to her work, it was unclear whether choanoflagellates or fungi were the closest outgroup to multicellular animals (also ...
... are the gill-bearing aquatic craniate animals that lack limbs with digits. They form a sister group to the tunicates, ... In biology, the term fish is most strictly used to describe any animal with a backbone that has gills throughout life and has ... Some fish, like sharks and lampreys, possess multiple gill openings. However, bony fish have a single gill opening on each side ... Most fish exchange gases using gills on either side of the pharynx. Gills consist of threadlike structures called filaments. ...
Notes of Blue
D'Arcy Wentworth Thompson
Gill, Theo (12 May 1911). "A New Translation of Aristotle's 'History of Animals'" (PDF). Science. 33 (854): 730-738. Leroi, ... Thompson's description of the mathematical beauty of nature and the mathematical basis of the forms of animals stimulated ... Aristotle's The History of Animals (translation). 1913. On Aristotle as a biologist with a prooemion on Herbert Spencer. Oxford ... In 1910, Thompson published his translation of Aristotle's History of Animals. He had worked on the enormous task ...
Ugly Animal Preservation Society. Retrieved 12 September 2013. Victoria Gill (12 September 2013). "Blobfish wins ugliest animal ... "In Defense of the Blobfish: Why the "World's Ugliest Animal" Isn't as Ugly as You Think It Is". Smithsonian. Hearst, Michael ( ... In September 2013 the blobfish was voted the "World's Ugliest Animal", based on photographs of decompressed specimens, and ... Hearst, Michael (2012). Unusual Creatures: A Mostly Accurate Account of Some of Earth's Strangest Animals. Chronicle Books. pp ...
Gill, Victoria (20 September 2016). "Survival secret of 'Earth's hardiest animal' revealed". BBC News. Retrieved 2016-09-21. ... The Dsup protein has been tested on other animal cells. Using a culture of human cells that express the Dsup protein, it was ... Tardigrades can withstand 1,000 times more radiation than other animals, median lethal doses of 5,000 Gy (of gamma rays) and ... still remain highly resistant to shortwave UV radiation in comparison to other animals, and that one factor for this is their ...
... seven gill pouches, gill arches, and even the impressions of gill filaments, and about 80 myomeres of its musculature. Unlike ... Streit, B.; Städler, T.; Lively, C.M (2013-03-11). Evolutionary Ecology of Freshwater Animals: Concepts and Case Studies. ISBN ... Potter, Ian C.; Gill, Howard S. (2003). "Adaptive Radiation of Lampreys". Journal of Great Lakes Research. 29: 95-112. doi: ... Lacking paired fins, adult lampreys have large eyes, one nostril on the top of the head, and seven gill pores on each side of ...
Teena Amrit Gill (18 February 1997). "Endangered Animals on Restaurant Menus". Albion Monitor/News. Archived from the original ... The practice of keeping wild animals as pets threatens several species. Baby animals are typically captured and sold, which ... Many animals (including tigers, bears, crocodiles, and king cobras) are farmed or hunted for their meat, which is considered a ... Young elephants are often captured for use in tourist attractions or as work animals, although their use has declined since the ...
Environmental issues in Thailand
Teena Amrit Gill (18 February 1997). "Endangered Animals on Restaurant Menus". Albion Monitor/News. Archived from the original ... Thailand introduced its first animal welfare laws in 2014. The Prevention of Animal Cruelty and Provision of Animal Welfare Act ... The law protects animals "raised as pets, as animals for work, as beasts of burden, as friends, as livestock, as performing ... The practice of keeping wild animals as pets threatens several species. Baby animals are typically captured and sold, which ...
Woodhouse's scrub jay
doi:10.2173/bna.712 Clayton, N. S., Bussey, T. J. & Dickinson, A. (2003). "Can animals recall the past and plan for the future ... Gill, F. (eds.): The Birds of North America 712. Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia, PA & American Ornithologists' Union ... Rational Animals? (PDF). Oxford University Press. pp. 197-216. ISBN 0198528264. Clayton, Nicola S.; Dally, Joanna M.; Emery, ... They feed on small animals, such as frogs and lizards, eggs and young of other birds, insects, and (particularly in winter) ...
Black dog (ghost)
It can utter a roar unlike the voice of any known animal, and sometimes the trailing of a chain can be heard along with the pad ... Gill 1932 Ch. 6 Sec. 2. Morrison 1911, p. 29. Barber, Sally and Barber, Chips (1988, 1990). Dark and Dastardly Dartmoor. ... Apparently, the bullets had no effect on the animal; and, it wandered off never to be seen, again. The ... Gill, W. Walter (1932). A Second Manx Scrapbook. Arrowsmith. Guiley, Rosemary Ellen (2000, 2007) . The Encyclopedia of ...
Animals and other heterotrophs must eat in order to survive - carnivores eat other animals, herbivores eat plants, omnivores ... Gill, Frank (1995). Ornithology. New York: WH Freeman and Co. ISBN 0-7167-2415-4.. ... Physiologically, animals must be able to obtain both energy and nutrients from plant and animal materials to be considered ... Other animals. Mammals. This section is transcluded from Mammal#Feeding. (edit , history) ...
Ayurveda stresses the use of plant-based medicines and treatments, with some animal products, and added minerals, including ... Substance based practices use substances found in nature such as herbs, foods, non-vitamin supplements and megavitamins, animal ... but may also include the use of animal and mineral products. It is among the most commercially successful branches of ... Ayurvedic medicine remedies are mainly plant based with some use of animal materials. Safety concerns include the use of ...
Gill, Frank; Donsker, David (eds.). "Crows, mudnesters & birds-of-paradise". IOC World Bird List Version 8.2. International ... "Animal Cognition. 18 (1): 393-397. doi:10.1007/s10071-014-0794-4. PMID 25123853. Retrieved 5 December 2017.. ... Bekoff, M. (2009). "Animal emotions, wild justice and why they matter: Grieving magpies, a pissy baboon, and empathic elephants ... and it is believed to be one of the most intelligent of all non-human animals. The expansion of its nidopallium is ...
Research from animals has consistently shown that when a trial is repeatedly exposed to a painful stimulus, the animal's pain ... They then paired noxious electrical stimulus to the tail with a touch to the siphon, causing the gill withdrawal response to ... In animals, cross-sensitization has been established between the consumption of many different types of drugs of abuse - in ... Researchers believe that there are parallels that can be drawn between these animal trials and persistent pain in people. For ...
Amphibian - Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Because gills have a large surface area, tadpoles can get more oxygen by using them. Young tadpoles have their gills exposed. ... Amphibians are predatory animals. They mostly eat live invertebrates and animals that do not move too quickly. These include ... Species that lack lungs respire through gills. In most cases, these are external gills, visible as tufts on either side of the ... Fish and other animals eat most of their eggs. Male midwife toads carry their eggs on their backs. When they are ready to hatch ...
Martin Walters & Jinny Johnson (2007). The World of Animals. Bath, Somerset: Parragon. ISBN 978-1-4054-9926-2. .. .mw-parser- ... Similarly, they have no gills, absorbing oxygen from the water through their limbs and the inner membrane of their carapaces. ... The geological history of barnacles can be traced back to animals such as Priscansermarinus from the Middle Cambrian (on the ... Inside the carapace, the animal lies on its stomach, with its limbs projecting downwards. Segmentation is usually indistinct, ...
The lamella structure of the gills allows for a high oxygen uptake; up to 65% in water at 20⁰C. Water flow over the gills ... World Animal Foundation. Retrieved 12 April 2017.. *^ Simon, Matt (16 January 2015). "Absurd Creature of the Week: The ... Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. 7 (2): 95-106. doi:10.1207/s15327604jaws0702_2. PMID ... Captive animals have been found to be more susceptible to pathogens than wild ones. A gram-negative bacterium, Vibrio ...
Animal Rights Law Passed in Switzerland - Catch and Release Fishing Banned *^ "Anglers to Face RSPCA Check", Sunday Times, 14 ... A barbed hook could kill a fish if it were to penetrate the gills. ... Animal protection advocates have raised concerns about the suffering of fish caused by angling. In light of recent research, ... Grandin, Temple; Johnson, Catherine (2005). Animals in Translation. New York, New York: Scribner. pp. 183-184. ISBN 978-0-7432- ...
Protonotario - Vikipedio
Animal Behaviour. vol 65, p. 923-934.. *Hoover JP. (2006). Water depth influences nest predation for a wetland-dependent bird ... 408 (A. Poole and F. Gill, eds.). The Birds of North America, Inc., Philadelphia, PA. ... Animal Behaviour. vol 72, p. 881-890.. *Knutson MG & Klaas EE. (1997). Declines in abundance and species richness of birds ... Animal Behaviour. vol 65, p. 935-944.. *Hoover JP. (2003). Multiple effects of brood parasitism reduce the reproductive success ...
"In Defense of Animals. Retrieved 1 August 2016.. *^ Kelly, Denise; Rae, Joan; Menzel, Krista (2007). "The True Nature of ... Gill, Victoria (18 May 2011). "Parrots choose to work together". BBC Nature. Retrieved 3 July 2016.. ... The journal Animal Cognition stated that some birds preferred to work alone, while others like to work together as with grey ... The Politics of Species: Reshaping our Relationships with Other Animals. New York: Cambridge University Press. p. 33. ISBN 978- ...
Journal of Animal Ecology, 77(6), 1092-1098. *^ Salo, P. (2009). On lethal and nonlethal impacts of native, alien and ... In The Birds of North America (A. F. Poole and F. B. Gill, Editors). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. ... Wood, Gerald (1983). The Guinness Book of Animal Facts and Feats. ISBN 978-0-85112-235-9. .. ... Prey of other animal classes is rarely taken by white-tailed eagles. Particularly, the diversity of reptiles known in the prey ...
Arachnid - Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
In bilateral animals, the blastula develops in one of two ways that divides the whole animal kingdom into two halves (see: ... The innermost layer, or endoderm, gives a rise to the digestive organs, the gills, lungs or swim bladder if present, and ... Embryonic development of animalsEdit. After cleavage, the dividing cells, or morula, becomes a hollow ball, or blastula, which ... The protostomes include most invertebrate animals, such as insects, worms and molluscs, while the deuterostomes include the ...
ವಂಶವಾಹಿ - ವಿಕಿಪೀಡಿಯ
Anatomical terms of location
Specific animals and other organisms. Different terms are used because of different body plans in animals, whether ... in many fish the gill openings are posterior to the eyes but anterior to the tail. In projectional radiography terminology, an ... Additionally, for some animals such as invertebrates, some terms may not have any meaning at all; for example, an animal that ... a b c Hickman, C. P., Jr., Roberts, L. S. and Larson, A. Animal Diversity. McGraw-Hill 2003 ISBN 0-07-234903-4 ...
Lutjànids - Viquipèdia, l'enciclopèdia lliure
Gill T. N., 1862. Remarks on the relations of the genera and other groups of Cuban fishes. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila. v. 14. ... Animal Diversity Web (anglès). *uBio (anglès). *Encyclopedia of Life (anglès). En altres projectes de Wikimedia: ... Gill, T. N., 1862. Remarks on the relations of the genera and other groups of Cuban fishes. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila. v. 14 ... Gill T. N., 1861. On several new generic types of fishes contained in the museum of the Smithsonian Institution. Proc. Acad. ...
Further information: Aquatic animal. Water is a critical issue for the survival of all living organisms. Some can use salt ... This is problematic for some organisms with pervious skins or with gill membranes, whose cell membranes may burst if excess ... plants and animals. Chemical contamination of fresh water can also seriously damage eco-systems. ...
Karasov, William H.; Martinez del Rio, Carlos (2008). Physiological Ecology: How Animals Process Energy, Nutrients, and Toxins ... Victoria Gill (July 3, 2009). "Honeybee mobs overpower hornets". BBC News. Retrieved July 5, 2009.. ... Aldersey-Williams, H. Zoomorphic: New Animal Architecture. London: Laurence King Publishing, 2003. ... distinguishing their hives as a prized foraging target of many animals, including honey badgers, bears and human hunter- ...
In domestic animals. Further information: Domestication of animals. Neoteny is seen in domesticated animals such as dogs ... Gills are a common juvenile characteristic in amphibians that are kept after maturation; an example of this would be a ... In Animal Welfare. 8: 329-341.. *^ Beck, A.M. & Katcher, A.H. (1996). Between Pets and People: The Importance of Companionship ... The environment that domesticated animals are raised in determines whether or not neoteny is present in those animals. ...
Insect - Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Insects are the largest group of animals on earth by far: about 926,400 different species have been described. They are more ... Many of those have gills that can extract oxygen dissolved in water. Others must rise to the water surface to get air which may ... Many insects eat dead plants and animals. PesticidesEdit. People often use poisons called insecticides to kill pest insects. ... Spiders, scorpions, and similar animals are not insects; they are arachnids. Arachnids are arthropods that have four pairs of ...
Acanthocybium solandri - Viquipèdia, l'enciclopèdia lliure
Ras manusia bahasa Indonesia, ensiklopedia bebas
Bronzomolotro - Vikipedio
Kasutaja:Mariina/Lapseea aktiivsus- ja tähelepanuhäire - Vikipeedia
... the major animal groups, the land animals, water animals and birds, all competed for the platypus to join their respective ... Rich, Thomas H.; Hopson, James A.; Gill, Pamela G.; Trusler, Peter; Rogers-Davidson, Sally; Morton, Steve; Cifelli, Richard L ... Piper, Ross (2007). Extraordinary Animals: An Encyclopedia of Curious and Unusual Animals. Greenwood Press. ISBN 978-0-313- ... "Platypus: Facts, Pictures: Animal Planet". Animal.discovery.com. 16 November 2011. Retrieved 8 September 2012.. ...
Animal experimentation: the consensus changes - Gill Langley - Google Books
Animal Rights. Animal. Animal experimentation. Animal welfare. Animals, Treatment of. Laboratory animals. Nature / Animal ... Committee animal research Animal Rights animal studies animal suffering animal tests Animal Welfare animal-welfare Animals in ... ACUCs anaesthesia anaesthetic analgesia animal experimentation animal experiments animal models Animal Procedures ... medical research Melzack methods mice monkeys motivational-affective nociception nociceptors number of animals pain in animals ...
Gill Netted Sea Lion Rescued: An All Creatures Animal Rights Article
This includes both human and non-human animals, but not all of them can speak for themselves ... Gill Netted Sea Lion Rescued. From Peter Wallerstein, Marine Animal Rescue, June 2009 ... Photo by Peter Wallerstein, Marine Animal Rescue Specialist With support from LA County Lifeguards, Marine Animal Rescue (MAR) ... Gill Netted Sea Lion Rescued. From all-creatures.org. Animal Rights Articles ...
Dr. Phillip Gill | VCA Animal Specialty & Emergency Center
Gills are needed for ionoregulation before they are needed for O2 uptake in developing zebrafish, Danio rerio | Journal of...
Animals. Adult zebrafish Danio rerio (Hamilton, 1822) were purchased from a local supplier. The fish were transferred to ... When the gills do begin to develop, the dominant site of these activities eventually shifts from the skin to the gills. What is ... It was hypothesized: (i) that if gills were required for O2 uptake, hyperoxia would improve survival, (ii) that if gills were ... Values in parentheses indicate the percentage of larvae ventilating their gills at the various MS222 concentrations. 0 % gill ...
Frontiers | Molecular Characterization of Aquaporin 1 and Aquaporin 3 from the Gills of the African Lungfish, Protopterus...
This study aimed to obtain the complete cDNA coding sequences of aqp1 and aqp3 from the gills of Protopterus annectens, and to ... This study aimed to obtain the complete cDNA coding sequences of aqp1 and aqp3 from the gills of Protopterus annectens, and to ... During the induction phase, there were significant decreases in the transcript levels of aqp1 and aqp3 in the gills of P. ... During the induction phase, there were significant decreases in the transcript levels of aqp1 and aqp3 in the gills of P. ...
Evidence that dopamine is involved in neuroendocrine regulation, gill intracellular signaling pathways and ion regulation in...
... which are major ammonotelic animals, ammonia accounts for 95% of the total nitrogen, and is mainly excreted through the gills ( ... Na+/K+-ATPase and V-ATPase activity in gills of L. vannamei after DA injection. (A) Na+/K+-ATPase (NKA) and (B) V-type H+- ... 1971). A simple method to determine the O: N ratio of small marine animals. J. Mar. Biol. Assoc. U. K. 51, 105-109. doi:10.1017 ... Animals. Adult shrimps of L. vannamei (Boone 1931) (both females and males; mean±s.e.m. length 8.5±0.5 cm, mass 10.5±1.2 g) ...
Acclimation of ion regulatory capacities in gills of marine fish under environmental hypercapnia | Regulatory, Integrative and...
Because of the limited amount of gill tissue available from some animals, two or four among the total amount of samples for ... In isolated gill tissue and perfused gills, respectively, the energy demand of the Na+-K+-ATPase accounted for up to 30% of ... Consequences of hypercapnia for whole animal performance?. Whole animal oxygen consumption (Fig. 5), which was similar to ... Marshall WS. Na+, Cl−, Ca2+ and Zn2+ transport by fish gills: retrospective review and prospective synthesis. J Exp Zool 293: ...
More Than Two: A Practical Guide to Ethical Polyamory by Franklin Veaux, Eve Rickert, Tatiana Gill, Paperback | Barnes &...
John Gill: Exposition of the Book of Solomon's Song - Christian Classics Ethereal Library
Animal.1. 3. c.x. yet has them very often; AElianus says354354Var. Hist. 1. 1. c. 15. that it has young ones ten times in a ... de Animal 1. 4. c. 2. he had called her his love and his fair one before, but not his dove, till now; though it is true, he had ... animal, par. 2. c. I ,. that it will allure wild doves by its familiar converses into the dove-house with it: those who are ... Animal. par. 2,. c. 15. num. 3- it loves cleanliness; it keeps its own body clean, and teaches its young to carry their dung ...
WILD WINGS by Gill Lewis , Yuta Onoda | Kirkus Reviews
Paw Prints Animal Rescue in Garner, North Carolina
Paw Prints Animal Rescue (PPAR) is an all-volunteer nonprofit organization dedicated to reducing the population of homeless ... About Paw Prints Animal Rescue. Paw Prints Animal Rescue (PPAR) is an all-volunteer nonprofit organization dedicated to ... In addition, we are committed to doing all we can to stem the tide of homeless animals by requiring that all animals adopted ... Paw Prints makes a lifetime commitment to each animal it rescues and places through adoption. We never want these animals to be ...
Gills | Encyclopedia.com
Gills Gills and lungs are the two structures commonly used by animals for respiration. Both are characterized by large amounts ... Gills Animal Sciences COPYRIGHT 2002 The Gale Group Inc.. Gills. Gills and lungs are the two structures commonly used by ... gills, external respiratory organs of most aquatic animals. In fishes the gills are located in gill chambers at the rear of the ... Fish also use gills in gas exchange. The gills of fish are supported by a series of bony gill arches. The gill arches lie ...
Prolactin effects on cultured pavement cell epithelia and pavement cell plus mitochondria-rich cell epithelia from freshwater...
... on cultured gill epithelia derived from freshwater rainbow trout were assessed. Epithelia composed of either pavement cells ... The data demonstrated that, as the sole hormone supplement for cultured gill epithelia, PRL did not promote active ion uptake. ... However, the observed PRL-induced alterations in cultured gill epithelial physiology were consistent with the in vivo actions ... The physiological effects of ovine prolactin (oPRL) and recombinant rainbow trout prolactin (rbtPRL) on cultured gill epithelia ...
Time-course changes in the expression of Na+, K+-ATPase in gills and pyloric caeca of brown trout (Salmo trutta) during...
ATPase in gills and pyloric caeca of brown trout were investigated on a detailed time course after transfer from freshwater to ... Gills and pyloric caeca responded to SW transfer by increasing Na(+),K(+)-ATPase activity from days 5 and 3, respectively, ... Changes in protein and mRNA expression of Na(+),K(+)-ATPase in gills and pyloric caeca of brown trout were investigated on a ... Time-course changes in the expression of Na+, K+-ATPase in gills and pyloric caeca of brown trout (Salmo trutta) during ...
Histopathology of gills in mosquitofish, Gambusia affinis after long-term exposure to sublethal concentrations of malathion.
... on the gill tissues in mosquitofish, Gambusia affinis, were determined by light microscope. The fish were exposed to sublethal ... Animals. Cyprinodontiformes*. Dose-Response Relationship, Drug. Gills / drug effects, pathology*. Hemorrhage. ... Histological examination of the gills treated with malathion showed a variety of histopathological effects. The gill lesions ... The histopathological effects of malathion, an organophosphate pesticide, on the gill tissues in mosquitofish, Gambusia affinis ...
Localization of ammonia transporter Rhcg1 in mitochondrion-rich cells of yolk sac, gill, and kidney of zebrafish and its ionic...
Here we show that zebrafish Rhcg1, a member of the Rh glycoprotein family, is highly expressed in the yolk sac, gill, and renal ... Animals. Animals, Genetically Modified. Base Sequence. Cation Transport Proteins / chemistry, genetics*, metabolism*. Gene ... At larval stages, Rhcg1 mRNA was detected only on the yolk sac and gill; however, the kidney, as well as the gill, becomes a ... Gills / cytology*. Green Fluorescent Proteins. Kidney / cytology*. Mitochondria / metabolism*. Osmolar Concentration. Phylogeny ...
Neena GILL | História pôsobenia v Parlamente | Poslanci EP | Európsky parlament
Promoting respect for the welfare of animals abroad Dátum : 08-06-2006 Číslo : P-2670/2006 Komisia ... Claude MORAES , Neena GILL , Jo LEINEN , Hartmut NASSAUER , Jan MULDER Dátum začatia : 10-01-2005 Platné do : 10-04-2005 Počet ... Robert EVANS , Neena GILL , Gérard ONESTA , Thomas MANN , Gérard DEPREZ Dátum začatia : 26-11-2004 Platné do : 26-02-2005 Počet ... Robert EVANS , Alima BOUMEDIENE-THIERY , Neena GILL , Olle SCHMIDT Dátum začatia : 20-02-2004 Platné do : 06-05-2004 Počet ...
Neena GILL | Pregled dela v dosedanjih mandatih | Poslanci EP | Evropski parlament
Promoting respect for the welfare of animals abroad Datum : 08-06-2006 Referenčna številka : P-2670/2006 Komisija ... Claude MORAES , Neena GILL , Jo LEINEN , Hartmut NASSAUER , Jan MULDER Datum predložitve : 10-01-2005 Pretek roka : 10-04-2005 ... Robert EVANS , Neena GILL , Gérard ONESTA , Thomas MANN , Gérard DEPREZ Datum predložitve : 26-11-2004 Pretek roka : 26-02-2005 ... Robert EVANS , Alima BOUMEDIENE-THIERY , Neena GILL , Olle SCHMIDT Datum predložitve : 20-02-2004 Pretek roka : 06-05-2004 ...
How do fish gills work? | Reference.com
Fish gills act as the equivalent of a mammals lungs by taking in oxygen and releasing carbon dioxide. Oxygen and carbon ... A: A fish breathes through its gills, extracting oxygen from the water. Other sea animals, such as whales, breathe oxygen from ... Why do fish have gills?. A: Fish have gills because these organs are used to extract oxygen from the surrounding water in which ... thin-walled blood vessels in both lungs and gills. In terms of evolution, gills are significantly older than lungs. ...
Keith Gills | Crossroads Art Center
Jeremiah 17 Commentary - John Gill's Exposition on the Whole Bible
Animal. Sacr. par. 2. c. 11. p. 414. : so he that getteth riches, and not by right; but by fraud, rapine, and oppression; such ... Home / Bible Commentaries / John Gills Exposition of the Whole Bible/ Jeremiah. Bible Commentaries. John Gills Exposition of ... The New John Gills Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All ... because they have forsaken the Lord, the fountain of living waters; See Gill on Jeremiah 2:13. ...
What is the function of the gill rakers on a perch? | Reference.com
Gill rakers are bony or cartilaginous outgrowths that project from the branchial arch of fish and assist in feeding by ... preventing stray particles or loose pieces from exiting through the gills. The... ... A: A fish breathes through its gills, extracting oxygen from the water. Other sea animals, such as whales, breathe oxygen from ... Short, widely spaced gill rakers are suitable for carnivorous fish that eat larger prey, while longer and thinner gill rakers ...
Montane Cordillera by Sarbjot Gill on Prezi
Erosistible by Gill McKnight | Bold Strokes Books
Joshua 19 Commentary - John Gill's Exposition on the Whole Bible
De Animal. l. 12. c. 7. relates. Both these places are thought to be the same with Bethbirei and Shaaraim in 1 Chronicles 4:31 ... see Gill on Jonah 1:3; and where the Apostle Peter resided some time; see Gill on Acts 9:36; and See Gill on Acts 9:38. It is ... And Hazarshual,.... See Gill on Joshua 15:28, and Balah, and Azem; of these places see Gill on Joshua 15:29; for Balah is the ... Home / Bible Commentaries / John Gills Exposition of the Whole Bible/ Joshua. Bible Commentaries. John Gills Exposition of ...
Soi Dog Foundation & Indian Ocean tsunami heroine Gill Dalley, 58 | Animals 24-7
"Pure joy for me is changing an animals life.". Gill Dalley with a dog who is about to fly to a new home.. (Soi Dog Foundation ... Building on that success, John Dalley in 2014 joined representatives of the Animals Asia Foundation, Change for Animals ... Gill and her husband are my heroes. I hope the world helps her husband to keep Soi Dogs continue, saving thousands of dogs from ... Within days Gill Dalley was critically ill. Both of her legs were amputated below the knee to keep the infection from spreading ...
Gill lice in North Carolina | U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service
Gill lice-which are actually tiny, white crustaceans-attach to a fishs gill, which can inhibit the fishs ability to breathe. ... While most fish are able to tolerate a moderate infestation of gill lice, some fish, particularly those suffering from other ... Wildlife Resources Commission recently confirmed gill lice on rainbow trout in three North Carolina streams. ... Remove any visible mud, plants, fish or animals before transporting equipment;. *Eliminate water from equipment before ...
Scientists Find New Crustacean Species Living In Whale Shark's Gills
Some are associated with animals like sea turtles and cetaceans. This is the first one found on a whale shark, the largest fish ... Japanese scientists have discovered a new species of crustacean in the gills of a shark, according to a recent paper.. ... These animals, too, are mysterious to humans. None have been observed giving birth, for example. ... Scientists sampled the whale sharks gills with a suction pump while scuba diving in an underwater fish preserve off of Okinawa ...
looking out over the med. by Gloria Gill
Buy looking out over the med art prints by Gloria Gill at Imagekind.com. Shop Thousands of Canvas and Framed Wall Art Prints ... Subjects Animals, Cats Style Contemporary. Medium Tags Gill, Gloria, cat, mediterranean, window.. ... Gloria Gill, Benalmadena. Member Since March 2015. Artist Statement Originally from Dutch Indonesia, I am currenly living in ... Artist Gloria Gill. Collection peopleandpets. Description A cat in a window looking out over the mediterranean sea. ...
Longitudinal observation and decline of neutralizing antibody responses in the three months following SARS-CoV-2 infection in...
Dipender Gill. * & Mark J Ponsford. BMJ (2020) * Antibody Responses to SARS-CoV-2 Antigens in Humans and Animals *Hyunsuh Kim ... Neutralizing monoclonal antibodies isolated from SARS-CoV-2-infected individuals can protect from disease in animal challenge ... Isolation of potent SARS-CoV-2 neutralizing antibodies and protection from disease in a small animal model. Science https://doi ...
Heart to the gillsBreatheLungs and gillsLarvaeEpitheliumPossess gillsCold bloodedVertebratesMembranesFinsEpithelial cellsFound in the gillTadpolesOrgansBlood vesselsOperculumWaterMammals2000TissuesFilaments2018College of Veterinary MedicineIntracellularApical2016MitochondriaPrimitive2017LamellaeMouthpartVertebrate evolutionEggsPlants and AniTroutArchesRespirationRigidScientistsPhysiologyMechanismFluctuationsPrimarilyShellsCloserSalamandersCatsShrimpSkull
Heart to the gills2
- However, a fish is unable to breathe out of water owing to the fact that the surface area of gills collapse when taken out of water and introduced to air. (reference.com)
- Other sea animals, such as whales, breathe oxygen from the air because they are mammal. (reference.com)
- Betta fish can breathe oxygen both from the water through their gills and directly from the air above the surface of their bowls for small periods of time. (reference.com)
- Gill lice-which are actually tiny, white crustaceans-attach to a fish's gill, which can inhibit the fish's ability to breathe. (fws.gov)
- Many breathe through gills, especially when in their larval stage. (ct.gov)
- Most fish have scales and breathe with gills. (visitflorida.com)
- How can animals breathe through their outer skin? (brainscape.com)
- How can animals breathe through gills? (brainscape.com)
- These aquatic animals breathe by absorbing oxygen from the water using gills. (nwf.org)
Lungs and gills2
- Zebrafish larvae, ranging in age from 3 to 21 days postfertilization, were prevented from ventilating their gills and forced to rely on cutaneous processes by exposing them to one of two anaesthetics (tricaine methanesulphonate or phenoxyethanol) or by embedding their gills in agar. (biologists.org)
- By this stage, larvae apparently are so dependent on gills for O 2 uptake that they suffocate before the effects of ionoregulatory impairment become apparent. (biologists.org)
- RT-PCR, combined with in situ hybridization, revealed that Rhcg1 is first expressed in vacuolar-type H(+)-ATPase/mitochondrion-rich cells (vH-MRC) on the yolk sac of larvae at 3 days postfertilization (dpf) and later in vH-MRC-like cells in the gill at 4-5 dpf. (biomedsearch.com)
- Salamander larvae have visible gills. (ct.gov)
- The gill lesions included necrosis and desquamation of secondary lamellar epithelium, lifting up of epithelium, intraepithelial oedema, fusion of adjacent secondary lamellae, haemorrhage at primary lamellae, disorganization and rupture in seconder lamellae, hypertrophy and hyperplasia of epithelial cells. (biomedsearch.com)
- However, bacterial gill disease has an important environmental component, and mechanical damage to gill epithelium, which may be caused by excessive crowding and debris in the water column, is believed to be an important predisposing factor. (merckvetmanual.com)
- Whales would not be considered fish as they are not cold blooded, don't breath through gills, and don't lay eggs. (worldatlas.com)
- Fish are animals that are cold-blooded and have fins and a backbone. (visitflorida.com)
- These cold-blooded animals are found in most bodies of water regardless of location. (fineartamerica.com)
- Vertebrates such as salamanders are also characterized by external gills, which in their case are filamentous structures that extend from the head region. (encyclopedia.com)
- The vertebrate jaw, which characterizes all vertebrates aside from lamprey and hagfish, was modified from a single pair of gill arches. (encyclopedia.com)
- The third mammalian middle-ear bone, the stapes, occurs in all terrestrial vertebrates, and is also derived from the gill arches. (encyclopedia.com)
- Since these analogues are simple competitive inhibitors in many urea transport systems of higher vertebrates ( Marsh & Knepper, 1992 ), Wood, Pärt & Wright (1995) suggested that they acted to inhibit a "back-transport" retention mechanism in the gills, resulting in greater urea efflux. (peerj.com)
- The findings support the idea that gills evolved before the last common ancestor of all vertebrates, helping facilitate a "lifestyle transition" from immobile filter-feeder to actively swimming predator. (cam.ac.uk)
- The research, published today in the journal Current Biology , shows that gills develop from the same embryonic tissue in both jawed and jawless vertebrates - a lineage that split very early in our ancestral tree. (cam.ac.uk)
- These "snapshots" of development led scientists to believe that gills were formed from different tissues: the internal 'endoderm' lining in jawless vertebrates, and the 'ectoderm' outer skin in the jawed. (cam.ac.uk)
- Their experiment has now shown that the gills of jawed vertebrates emerge from the same internal lining cells as their jawless relatives. (cam.ac.uk)
- The researchers say this is strong evidence that gills evolved just once, much earlier in evolutionary history - before the jawless divergence - and that the "crown ancestor" of all vertebrates was consequently a more anatomically complex creature. (cam.ac.uk)
- Gills provided vertebrates with specialist breathing organs in their head, rather than having to respire exclusively through skin all over the body. (cam.ac.uk)
- Previous studies have argued that either the basolateral or apical membranes provided the limiting permeability barrier, and/or that a back-transporter on the basolateral membranes of gill cells is responsible for urea retention. (peerj.com)
- Boylan (1967) concluded that the lipid membranes in the gills were of unusual composition, resulting in exceptionally low permeability to urea, a conclusion based largely on changes in urea efflux rate with temperature. (peerj.com)
- Another route might be through the fine membranes of the gills. (newscientist.com)
- AE1 has been localized in the apical membrane of gill epithelial cells ( 53 ), mediating Cl − import correlated with HCO 3 − secretion. (physiology.org)
- Both in vivo and in control saline perfusions containing 350 mmol L −1 urea, calculated intracellular urea concentrations in gill epithelial cells were close to extracellular concentrations. (peerj.com)
Found in the gill1
- The operculum of bony fishes is a covering that protects the entire gill area. (encyclopedia.com)
- It also covers the operculum chamber, which is essential to the process of pumping water over the gills. (encyclopedia.com)
- An operculum (gill cover) is a flexible bony plate that protects the sensitive gills. (visitflorida.com)
- Water is "inhaled" through the mouth, passes over the gills and is "exhaled" from beneath the operculum. (visitflorida.com)
- The gill arches lie between the gill clefts, through which oxygenated water flows. (encyclopedia.com)
- Water is forced into the mouth and out over the gills. (encyclopedia.com)
- In this method, serial expansions and contractions of the mouth cavity and the opercular cavity occur, resulting in the continuous flow of water over the gills. (encyclopedia.com)
- This forces water to flow over the gills into the opercular cavity. (encyclopedia.com)
- While mammals' lungs work with air, which is 200,000 parts per million oxygen, a fish's gills are working with water, which is only up to 8 parts per million oxygen. (reference.com)
- Urea efflux to the external water fell only non-significantly, and calculated gill intracellular urea concentration did not change when perfusate urea concentration was reduced from 350 to 175 mmol L −1 with osmotic compensation by 175 mmol L −1 mannitol. (peerj.com)
- they enable water to exchange oxygen and ammonium as it circulates over the gills. (ikonet.com)
- Further examination of the fossils shows a coordinated series of changes underway not just in the creature's limbs, but in its crocodile-like skull, neck and gills, all helping prepare it for a less aquatic, shallow-water lifestyle. (cleveland.com)
- and environmental and endocrine factors controlling osmotic water fluxes in gills of Sarotherodon (tilapia) mossambicus. (elsevier.com)
- These findings demonstrate a single origin of gills that likely corresponds with a key stage in vertebrate evolution: when some of our earliest relatives transitioned from filtering particles out of water pumped through static bodies to actively swimming through the oceans," says lead author Dr Andrew Gillis, a Royal Society University Research Fellow in Cambridge's Department of Zoology, and a Whitman Investigator at the Marine Biological Laboratory in Woods Hole, US. (cam.ac.uk)
- The gill filaments each have numerous secondary gill lamellae that further increase the surface area available for gas exchange. (encyclopedia.com)
- It is caused by bacteria in the genus Flavobacterium and other closely related genera and is manifest by gill pathology (hyperplasia, clubbing of gill filaments) and subsequent mortality. (merckvetmanual.com)
- Cooling Off 1000 or 500 Piece Jigsaw Puzzle by Gill Erskine-Hill Cooling Off is a stunning jigsaw puzzle new to 2018 from Gill Erskine-Hill. (alljigsawpuzzles.co.uk)
- Tinto - Scottish Borders 1000 or 500 Piece Jigsaw Puzzle Tinto - Scottish Borders jigsaw puzzle is new to 2018 from Gill Erskine-Hill. (alljigsawpuzzles.co.uk)
College of Veterinary Medicine1
- In order to explore the mechanism of dopamine (DA) regulation, we investigated hemolymph neuroendocrine hormones, gill intracellular signaling pathways, ion and ammonia transporters, hemolymph osmolality and ammonia concentration in Litopenaeus vannamei after injection of 10 −7 and 10 −6 mol DA per shrimp. (biologists.org)
- These results suggest that DA stimulates the secretion of CHH and inhibits the release of cortisol, which activates intracellular signaling factors to facilitate ion and ammonia transport across the gills, and may not affect intracellular acidification. (biologists.org)
- Under symmetrical culture conditions (L15 media apical/L15 media basolateral), oPRL had no effect on transepithelial resistance, paracellular permeability (assessed with PEG-4000), or Na(+) and Cl(-) transport across both preparations of cultured gill epithelia. (nih.gov)
- The present results provide new evidence that the apical membrane is the limiting factor in maintaining gill urea impermeability, and raise the prospect that a urea back-transporter, which can be competitively inhibited by thiourea and acetamide, operates at the apical membrane. (peerj.com)
- 2016 ) First insights into the diversity of gill monogeneans of 'Gnathochromis' and Limnochromis (Teleostei, Cichlidae) in Burundi: do the parasites mirror host ecology and phylogenetic history? (peerj.com)
- This is the 5th volume of selected discussions that took place on the electronic Laboratory Animal Refinement & Enrichment Forum between February 2016 and December 2019. (awionline.org)
- PHUKET, Thailand-- "It is with profound regret and unfathomable sadness that we announce the passing of Gill Dalley," the Soi Dog Foundation announced on February 13, 2017. (animals24-7.org)
- Shortlisted for the UKLA 2017 Book Award Gill Lewis writes outstanding animal stories, and Gorilla Dawn is very good indeed. (lovereading4kids.co.uk)
Plants and Ani5
- What do you call Plants and animals in a habitat? (answers.com)
- Why plants and animals need to reproduce? (answers.com)
- Some freshwater plants and animals can adjust to saltier waters, but many are unable to cope with extreme ranges of salinity. (epa.gov)
- The papers explore the physiology and biochemistry of animal adaptation and ecology and cover topics ranging from amino acid transport and metabolism during osmotic shock to the role of organic compounds in osmoregulation in plants and animals. (elsevier.com)
- As a child Gill was always interested in nature and was fascinated by plants and animals. (bbc.co.uk)
- The physiological effects of ovine prolactin (oPRL) and recombinant rainbow trout prolactin (rbtPRL) on cultured gill epithelia derived from freshwater rainbow trout were assessed. (nih.gov)
- Changes in protein and mRNA expression of Na(+),K(+)-ATPase in gills and pyloric caeca of brown trout were investigated on a detailed time course after transfer from freshwater to 25 ppt seawater (SW). (nih.gov)
- Thus, SW acclimation in brown trout is characterised by a lasting decrease in overall NKIR cell abundance in the gill. (nih.gov)
- Fresh off of discovering whirling disease for the first time in North Carolina, fisheries biologists with the N.C. Wildlife Resources Commission recently confirmed gill lice on rainbow trout in three North Carolina streams. (fws.gov)
- This is the second time gill lice have been found in North Carolina trout. (fws.gov)
- The gill lice confirmed this summer were found on rainbow trout in Haywood and Watauga counties. (fws.gov)
- Take a closer look at these encyclopedia books including information about animal habitats, behavior, and scientific classification. (seaworld.org)
- The findings pull the invention of gills closer to the "active lifestyle" shift in our early ancestors: the evolution from passive filter feeders to self-propelled ocean swimmers. (cam.ac.uk)
- All of our animals are spayed/neutered, microchipped, vaccinated, tested for heartworms and negative (dogs only), FeLV/FIV tested (cats) and de-wormed. (adoptapet.com)
- Paw Prints Animal Rescue (PPAR) is an all-volunteer nonprofit organization dedicated to reducing the population of homeless cats, kittens, dogs and puppies by maintaining two programs -- a Rescue and Adoption Program and a Feral Cat Management Program. (adoptapet.com)
- Humans are part of the animal kingdom, but we are quite different from hummingbirds and house cats. (barnesandnoble.com)