Animals, Domestic: Animals which have become adapted through breeding in captivity to a life intimately associated with humans. They include animals domesticated by humans to live and breed in a tame condition on farms or ranches for economic reasons, including LIVESTOCK (specifically CATTLE; SHEEP; HORSES; etc.), POULTRY; and those raised or kept for pleasure and companionship, e.g., PETS; or specifically DOGS; CATS; etc.Domestic Violence: Deliberate, often repetitive physical, verbal, and/or other types of abuse by one or more members against others of a household.Cat Diseases: Diseases of the domestic cat (Felis catus or F. domesticus). This term does not include diseases of the so-called big cats such as CHEETAHS; LIONS; tigers, cougars, panthers, leopards, and other Felidae for which the heading CARNIVORA is used.Animals, Wild: Animals considered to be wild or feral or not adapted for domestic use. It does not include wild animals in zoos for which ANIMALS, ZOO is available.Gross Domestic Product: Value of all final goods and services produced in a country in one year.Felidae: The cat family in the order CARNIVORA comprised of muscular, deep-chested terrestrial carnivores with a highly predatory lifestyle.Spouse Abuse: Deliberate severe and repeated injury to one domestic partner by the other.Sheep, Domestic: A species of sheep, Ovis aries, descended from Near Eastern wild forms, especially mouflon.Sus scrofa: A species of SWINE, in the family Suidae, comprising a number of subspecies including the domestic pig Sus scrofa domestica.DucksCarnivora: An order of MAMMALS, usually flesh eaters with appropriate dentition. Suborders include the terrestrial carnivores Fissipedia, and the aquatic carnivores PINNIPEDIA.Chickens: Common name for the species Gallus gallus, the domestic fowl, in the family Phasianidae, order GALLIFORMES. It is descended from the red jungle fowl of SOUTHEAST ASIA.Goats: Any of numerous agile, hollow-horned RUMINANTS of the genus Capra, in the family Bovidae, closely related to the SHEEP.Dog Diseases: Diseases of the domestic dog (Canis familiaris). This term does not include diseases of wild dogs, WOLVES; FOXES; and other Canidae for which the heading CARNIVORA is used.Battered Women: Women who are physically and mentally abused over an extended period, usually by a husband or other dominant male figure. Characteristics of the battered woman syndrome are helplessness, constant fear, and a perceived inability to escape. (From American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 3d ed)Housekeeping: The care and management of property.Ruminants: A suborder of the order ARTIODACTYLA whose members have the distinguishing feature of a four-chambered stomach, including the capacious RUMEN. Horns or antlers are usually present, at least in males.Dogs: The domestic dog, Canis familiaris, comprising about 400 breeds, of the carnivore family CANIDAE. They are worldwide in distribution and live in association with people. (Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, p1065)Disease Reservoirs: Animate or inanimate sources which normally harbor disease-causing organisms and thus serve as potential sources of disease outbreaks. Reservoirs are distinguished from vectors (DISEASE VECTORS) and carriers, which are agents of disease transmission rather than continuing sources of potential disease outbreaks.Poultry: Domesticated birds raised for food. It typically includes CHICKENS; TURKEYS, DUCKS; GEESE; and others.Triatoma: A genus of the subfamily TRIATOMINAE. Several species are vectors of TRYPANOSOMA CRUZI.Phylogeny: The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.Swine: Any of various animals that constitute the family Suidae and comprise stout-bodied, short-legged omnivorous mammals with thick skin, usually covered with coarse bristles, a rather long mobile snout, and small tail. Included are the genera Babyrousa, Phacochoerus (wart hogs), and Sus, the latter containing the domestic pig (see SUS SCROFA).Animal DiseasesCanidae: A family of terrestrial carnivores with long snouts and non-retractable claws. Members include COYOTES; DOGS; FOXES; JACKALS; RACCOON DOGS; and WOLVES.Pets: Animals kept by humans for companionship and enjoyment, as opposed to DOMESTIC ANIMALS such as livestock or farm animals, which are kept for economic reasons.Panthera: Genus in the family FELIDAE comprised of big felines including LIONS; TIGERS; jaguars; and the leopard.Influenza in Birds: Infection of domestic and wild fowl and other BIRDS with INFLUENZA A VIRUS. Avian influenza usually does not sicken birds, but can be highly pathogenic and fatal in domestic POULTRY.Horses: Large, hoofed mammals of the family EQUIDAE. Horses are active day and night with most of the day spent seeking and consuming food. Feeding peaks occur in the early morning and late afternoon, and there are several daily periods of rest.Housing: Living facilities for humans.Zoonoses: Diseases of non-human animals that may be transmitted to HUMANS or may be transmitted from humans to non-human animals.Sheep Diseases: Diseases of domestic and mountain sheep of the genus Ovis.Lions: Large, chiefly nocturnal mammals of the cat family FELIDAE, species Panthera leo. They are found in Africa and southern Asia.GeeseImmunodeficiency Virus, Feline: A species of LENTIVIRUS, subgenus feline lentiviruses (LENTIVIRUSES, FELINE) isolated from cats with a chronic wasting syndrome, presumed to be immune deficiency. There are 3 strains: Petaluma (FIP-P), Oma (FIP-O) and Puma lentivirus (PLV). There is no antigenic relationship between FIV and HIV, nor does FIV grow in human T-cells.Wolves: Any of several large carnivorous mammals of the family CANIDAE that usually hunt in packs.Birds: Warm-blooded VERTEBRATES possessing FEATHERS and belonging to the class Aves.Puma: A genus in the family FELIDAE comprising one species, Puma concolor. It is a large, long-tailed, feline of uniform color. The names puma, cougar, and mountain lion are used interchangeably for this species. There are more than 20 subspecies.Goat Diseases: Diseases of the domestic or wild goat of the genus Capra.Livestock: Domesticated farm animals raised for home use or profit but excluding POULTRY. Typically livestock includes CATTLE; SHEEP; HORSES; SWINE; GOATS; and others.Sheep: Any of the ruminant mammals with curved horns in the genus Ovis, family Bovidae. They possess lachrymal grooves and interdigital glands, which are absent in GOATS.Perissodactyla: An order of ungulates having an odd number of toes, including the horse, tapir, and rhinoceros. (Dorland, 27th ed)Piroplasmida: An order of protozoa comprising heteroxenous tick-borne blood parasites. Representative genera include BABESIA, Dactylosoma, and THEILERIA.Foxes: Any of several carnivores in the family CANIDAE, that possess erect ears and long bushy tails and are smaller than WOLVES. They are classified in several genera and found on all continents except Antarctica.Cattle: Domesticated bovine animals of the genus Bos, usually kept on a farm or ranch and used for the production of meat or dairy products or for heavy labor.Insect Vectors: Insects that transmit infective organisms from one host to another or from an inanimate reservoir to an animate host.Rupicapra: A genus of ruminants in the family Bovidae. The common name chamois usually refers to the species Rupicapra rupicapra. Rupicapra pyrenaica, found in the Pyrenees, is more properly referred to as the Pyrenean chamois.Species Specificity: The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Water Supply: Means or process of supplying water (as for a community) usually including reservoirs, tunnels, and pipelines and often the watershed from which the water is ultimately drawn. (Webster, 3d ed)Poultry Diseases: Diseases of birds which are raised as a source of meat or eggs for human consumption and are usually found in barnyards, hatcheries, etc. The concept is differentiated from BIRD DISEASES which is for diseases of birds not considered poultry and usually found in zoos, parks, and the wild.Sequence Analysis, DNA: A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.Mycoplasma conjunctivae: A species of gram-negative bacteria causing CONJUNCTIVITIS and KERATOCONJUNCTIVITIS in SHEEP and GOATS.Comb and Wattles: Fleshy and reddish outgrowth of skin tissue found on top of the head, attached to the sides of the head, and hanging from the mandible of birds such as turkeys and chickens.ArgentinaDeer: The family Cervidae of 17 genera and 45 species occurring nearly throughout North America, South America, and Eurasia, on most associated continental islands, and in northern Africa. Wild populations of deer have been established through introduction by people in Cuba, New Guinea, Australia, New Zealand, and other places where the family does not naturally occur. They are slim, long-legged and best characterized by the presence of antlers. Their habitat is forests, swamps, brush country, deserts, and arctic tundra. They are usually good swimmers; some migrate seasonally. (Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, p1362)Hair Color: Color of hair or fur.Lynx: A genus in the family FELIDAE comprising felines with long legs, ear tufts, and a short tail.Feline Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome: Acquired defect of cellular immunity that occurs in cats infected with feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) and in some cats infected with feline leukemia virus (FeLV).Genetic Variation: Genotypic differences observed among individuals in a population.Seroepidemiologic Studies: EPIDEMIOLOGIC STUDIES based on the detection through serological testing of characteristic change in the serum level of specific ANTIBODIES. Latent subclinical infections and carrier states can thus be detected in addition to clinically overt cases.African Swine Fever: A sometimes fatal ASFIVIRUS infection of pigs, characterized by fever, cough, diarrhea, hemorrhagic lymph nodes, and edema of the gallbladder. It is transmitted between domestic swine by direct contact, ingestion of infected meat, or fomites, or mechanically by biting flies or soft ticks (genus Ornithodoros).Cooking and Eating UtensilsFelis: Genus in the family FELIDAE comprised of small felines including the domestic cat, Felis catus (CATS) and its ancestor the wild cat, Felis silvestris.Breeding: The production of offspring by selective mating or HYBRIDIZATION, GENETIC in animals or plants.Rabies: Acute VIRAL CNS INFECTION affecting mammals, including humans. It is caused by RABIES VIRUS and usually spread by contamination with virus-laden saliva of bites inflicted by rabid animals. Important animal vectors include the dog, cat, bat, fox, raccoon, skunk, and wolf.Sewage: Refuse liquid or waste matter carried off by sewers.Lentivirus Infections: Virus diseases caused by the Lentivirus genus. They are multi-organ diseases characterized by long incubation periods and persistent infection.Sheep, Bighorn: A species of sheep, Ovis canadensis, characterized by massive brown horns. There are at least four subspecies and they are all endangered or threatened.Antelopes: Any of various ruminant mammals of the order Bovidae. They include numerous species in Africa and the American pronghorn.Triatominae: A subfamily of assassin bugs (REDUVIIDAE) that are obligate blood-suckers of vertebrates. Included are the genera TRIATOMA; RHODNIUS; and PANSTRONGYLUS, which are vectors of TRYPANOSOMA CRUZI, the agent of CHAGAS DISEASE in humans.Mandatory Reporting: A legal requirement that designated types of information acquired by professionals or institutions in the course of their work be reported to appropriate authorities.Buffaloes: Ruminants of the family Bovidae consisting of Bubalus arnee and Syncerus caffer. This concept is differentiated from BISON, which refers to Bison bison and Bison bonasus.Turkeys: Large woodland game BIRDS in the subfamily Meleagridinae, family Phasianidae, order GALLIFORMES. Formerly they were considered a distinct family, Melegrididae.Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Population Density: Number of individuals in a population relative to space.Insect Control: The reduction or regulation of the population of noxious, destructive, or dangerous insects through chemical, biological, or other means.Cattle Diseases: Diseases of domestic cattle of the genus Bos. It includes diseases of cows, yaks, and zebus.DNA, Mitochondrial: Double-stranded DNA of MITOCHONDRIA. In eukaryotes, the mitochondrial GENOME is circular and codes for ribosomal RNAs, transfer RNAs, and about 10 proteins.BrazilCamels: Hoofed mammals with four legs, a big-lipped snout, and a humped back belonging to the family Camelidae.Swine Diseases: Diseases of domestic swine and of the wild boar of the genus Sus.Influenza A Virus, H5N1 Subtype: A subtype of INFLUENZA A VIRUS comprised of the surface proteins hemagglutinin 5 and neuraminidase 1. The H5N1 subtype, frequently referred to as the bird flu virus, is endemic in wild birds and very contagious among both domestic (POULTRY) and wild birds. It does not usually infect humans, but some cases have been reported.Animal Husbandry: The science of breeding, feeding and care of domestic animals; includes housing and nutrition.Bartonella: A genus of gram-negative bacteria characteristically appearing in chains of several segmenting organisms. It occurs in man and arthropod vectors and is found only in the Andes region of South America. This genus is the etiologic agent of human bartonellosis. The genus Rochalimaea, once considered a separate genus, has recently been combined with the genus Bartonella as a result of high levels of relatedness in 16S rRNA sequence data and DNA hybridization data.Equidae: A family of hoofed MAMMALS consisting of HORSES, donkeys, and zebras. Members of this family are strict herbivores and can be classified as either browsers or grazers depending on how they feed.Leukemia Virus, Feline: A species of GAMMARETROVIRUS causing leukemia, lymphosarcoma, immune deficiency, or other degenerative diseases in cats. Several cellular oncogenes confer on FeLV the ability to induce sarcomas (see also SARCOMA VIRUSES, FELINE).Fossil Fuels: Any combustible hydrocarbon deposit formed from the remains of prehistoric organisms. Examples are petroleum, coal, and natural gas.Geography: The science dealing with the earth and its life, especially the description of land, sea, and air and the distribution of plant and animal life, including humanity and human industries with reference to the mutual relations of these elements. (From Webster, 3d ed)Feces: Excrement from the INTESTINES, containing unabsorbed solids, waste products, secretions, and BACTERIA of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM.Disease Vectors: Invertebrates or non-human vertebrates which transmit infective organisms from one host to another.Bison: A genus of the family Bovidae having two species: B. bison and B. bonasus. This concept is differentiated from BUFFALOES, which refers to Bubalus arnee and Syncerus caffer.Mite Infestations: Infestations with arthropods of the subclass ACARI, superorder Acariformes.Water Microbiology: The presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in water. This term is not restricted to pathogenic organisms.Hyaenidae: A family of large terrestrial carnivores possessing long legs, coarse guard hairs and a busy tail. It is comprised of hyenas and aardwolves.China: A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.Cloaca: A dilated cavity extended caudally from the hindgut. In adult birds, reptiles, amphibians, and many fishes but few mammals, cloaca is a common chamber into which the digestive, urinary and reproductive tracts discharge their contents. In most mammals, cloaca gives rise to LARGE INTESTINE; URINARY BLADDER; and GENITALIA.Polymerase Chain Reaction: In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.Methylococcaceae: A family of gram-negative, aerobic bacteria utilizing only one-carbon organic compounds and isolated from in soil and water.Hygiene: The science dealing with the establishment and maintenance of health in the individual and the group. It includes the conditions and practices conducive to health. (Webster, 3d ed)Water Pollution: Contamination of bodies of water (such as LAKES; RIVERS; SEAS; and GROUNDWATER.)Women's Rights: The rights of women to equal status pertaining to social, economic, and educational opportunities afforded by society.IndiaRural Population: The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.Women's Health Services: Organized services to provide health care to women. It excludes maternal care services for which MATERNAL HEALTH SERVICES is available.Health Expenditures: The amounts spent by individuals, groups, nations, or private or public organizations for total health care and/or its various components. These amounts may or may not be equivalent to the actual costs (HEALTH CARE COSTS) and may or may not be shared among the patient, insurers, and/or employers.Heating: The application of heat to raise the temperature of the environment, ambient or local, or the systems for accomplishing this effect. It is distinguished from HEAT, the physical property and principle of physics.Protozoan Infections, Animal: Infections with unicellular organisms formerly members of the subkingdom Protozoa. The infections may be experimental or veterinary.Animals, ZooEconomic Development: Mobilization of human, financial, capital, physical and or natural resources to generate goods and services.Rhodnius: A genus of the subfamily TRIATOMINAE. Rhodnius prolixus is a vector for TRYPANOSOMA CRUZI.Cluster Analysis: A set of statistical methods used to group variables or observations into strongly inter-related subgroups. In epidemiology, it may be used to analyze a closely grouped series of events or cases of disease or other health-related phenomenon with well-defined distribution patterns in relation to time or place or both.Trypanosoma cruzi: The agent of South American trypanosomiasis or CHAGAS DISEASE. Its vertebrate hosts are man and various domestic and wild animals. Insects of several species are vectors.Ticks: Blood-sucking acarid parasites of the order Ixodida comprising two families: the softbacked ticks (ARGASIDAE) and hardbacked ticks (IXODIDAE). Ticks are larger than their relatives, the MITES. They penetrate the skin of their host by means of highly specialized, hooked mouth parts and feed on its blood. Ticks attack all groups of terrestrial vertebrates. In humans they are responsible for many TICK-BORNE DISEASES, including the transmission of ROCKY MOUNTAIN SPOTTED FEVER; TULAREMIA; BABESIOSIS; AFRICAN SWINE FEVER; and RELAPSING FEVER. (From Barnes, Invertebrate Zoology, 5th ed, pp543-44)Cooking: The art or practice of preparing food. It includes the preparation of special foods for diets in various diseases.Rodentia: A mammalian order which consists of 29 families and many genera.Household Products: Substances or materials used in the course of housekeeping or personal routine.Base Sequence: The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.Rabies Vaccines: Vaccines or candidate vaccines used to prevent and treat RABIES. The inactivated virus vaccine is used for preexposure immunization to persons at high risk of exposure, and in conjunction with rabies immunoglobulin, for postexposure prophylaxis.EuropeSanitation: The development and establishment of environmental conditions favorable to the health of the public.Keratoconjunctivitis, Infectious: Infectious diseases of cattle, sheep, and goats, characterized by blepharospasm, lacrimation, conjunctivitis, and varying degrees of corneal opacity and ulceration. In cattle the causative agent is MORAXELLA (MORAXELLA) BOVIS; in sheep, MYCOPLASMA; RICKETTSIA; CHLAMYDIA; or ACHOLEPLASMA; in goats, RICKETTSIA.Seasons: Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)History, Ancient: The period of history before 500 of the common era.Reassortant Viruses: Viruses containing two or more pieces of nucleic acid (segmented genome) from different parents. Such viruses are produced in cells coinfected with different strains of a given virus.Bites and StingsMicrosatellite Repeats: A variety of simple repeat sequences that are distributed throughout the GENOME. They are characterized by a short repeat unit of 2-8 basepairs that is repeated up to 100 times. They are also known as short tandem repeats (STRs).United StatesPsychodidae: Small, hairy, moth-like flies which are of considerable public health importance as vectors of certain pathogenic organisms. Important disease-related genera are PHLEBOTOMUS, Lutzomyia, and Sergentomyia.Population Control: Includes mechanisms or programs which control the numbers of individuals in a population of humans or animals.Siphonaptera: An order of parasitic, blood-sucking, wingless INSECTS with the common name of fleas.Mongolia: The country is bordered by RUSSIA on the north and CHINA on the west, south, and east. The capita is Ulaanbaatar.Splenic Artery: The largest branch of the celiac trunk with distribution to the spleen, pancreas, stomach and greater omentum.Rodent Diseases: Diseases of rodents of the order RODENTIA. This term includes diseases of Sciuridae (squirrels), Geomyidae (gophers), Heteromyidae (pouched mice), Castoridae (beavers), Cricetidae (rats and mice), Muridae (Old World rats and mice), Erethizontidae (porcupines), and Caviidae (guinea pigs).Teicoplanin: Glycopeptide antibiotic complex from Actinoplanes teichomyceticus active against gram-positive bacteria. It consists of five major components each with a different fatty acid moiety.Developing Countries: Countries in the process of change with economic growth, that is, an increase in production, per capita consumption, and income. The process of economic growth involves better utilization of natural and human resources, which results in a change in the social, political, and economic structures.Bonding, Human-Pet: The emotional attachment of individuals to PETS.Socioeconomic Factors: Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.Horse Diseases: Diseases of domestic and wild horses of the species Equus caballus.Asia: The largest of the continents. It was known to the Romans more specifically as what we know today as Asia Minor. The name comes from at least two possible sources: from the Assyrian asu (to rise) or from the Sanskrit usa (dawn), both with reference to its being the land of the rising sun, i.e., eastern as opposed to Europe, to the west. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p82 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p34)Tick Infestations: Infestations with soft-bodied (Argasidae) or hard-bodied (Ixodidae) ticks.African Swine Fever Virus: The lone species of the genus Asfivirus. It infects domestic and wild pigs, warthogs, and bushpigs. Disease is endemic in domestic swine in many African countries and Sardinia. Soft ticks of the genus Ornithodoros are also infected and act as vectors.Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Ectoparasitic Infestations: Infestations by PARASITES which live on, or burrow into, the surface of their host's EPIDERMIS. Most ectoparasites are ARTHROPODS.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Influenza A Virus, H9N2 Subtype: A subtype of INFLUENZA A VIRUS comprised of the surface proteins hemagglutinin 9 and neuraminidase 2. The H9N2 subtype usually infects domestic birds (POULTRY) but there have been some human infections reported.Economics: The science of utilization, distribution, and consumption of services and materials.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Archaeology: The scientific study of past societies through artifacts, fossils, etc.Agouti Signaling Protein: A secreted protein of approximately 131 amino acids (depending on species) that regulates the synthesis of eumelanin (brown/black) pigments in MELANOCYTES. Agouti protein antagonizes the signaling of MELANOCORTIN RECEPTORS and has wide distribution including ADIPOSE TISSUE; GONADS; and HEART. Its overexpression in agouti mice results in uniform yellow coat color, OBESITY, and metabolic defects similar to type II diabetes in humans.Waste Products: Debris resulting from a process that is of no further use to the system producing it. The concept includes materials discharged from or stored in a system in inert form as a by-product of vital activities. (From Webster's New Collegiate Dictionary, 1981)Mammals: Warm-blooded vertebrate animals belonging to the class Mammalia, including all that possess hair and suckle their young.EcuadorAstroviridae: A family of RNA viruses with two genera: MAMASTROVIRUS and AVASTROVIRUS. They cause GASTROENTERITIS in humans and also infect other vertebrates.Air Pollution, Indoor: The contamination of indoor air.Genome: The genetic complement of an organism, including all of its GENES, as represented in its DNA, or in some cases, its RNA.Q Fever: An acute infectious disease caused by COXIELLA BURNETII. It is characterized by a sudden onset of FEVER; HEADACHE; malaise; and weakness. In humans, it is commonly contracted by inhalation of infected dusts derived from infected domestic animals (ANIMALS, DOMESTIC).Rabies virus: The type species of LYSSAVIRUS causing rabies in humans and other animals. Transmission is mostly by animal bites through saliva. The virus is neurotropic multiplying in neurons and myotubes of vertebrates.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Imprinting (Psychology): A particular kind of learning characterized by occurrence in very early life, rapidity of acquisition, and relative insusceptibility to forgetting or extinction. Imprinted behavior includes most (or all) behavior commonly called instinctive, but imprinting is used purely descriptively.Endangered Species: An animal or plant species in danger of extinction. Causes can include human activity, changing climate, or change in predator/prey ratios.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Criminal Psychology: The branch of psychology which investigates the psychology of crime with particular reference to the personality factors of the criminal.Genotype: The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.BoliviaCommunicable Diseases, Emerging: Infectious diseases that are novel in their outbreak ranges (geographic and host) or transmission mode.Bartonella henselae: A species of gram-negative bacteria that is the etiologic agent of bacillary angiomatosis (ANGIOMATOSIS, BACILLARY). This organism can also be a cause of CAT-SCRATCH DISEASE in immunocompetent patients.VenezuelaAnseriformes: An order of BIRDS comprising the waterfowl, particularly DUCKS; GEESE; swans; and screamers.Antibodies, Viral: Immunoglobulins produced in response to VIRAL ANTIGENS.Middle East: The region of southwest Asia and northeastern Africa usually considered as extending from Libya on the west to Afghanistan on the east. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988)Conservation of Natural Resources: The protection, preservation, restoration, and rational use of all resources in the total environment.Fatal Outcome: Death resulting from the presence of a disease in an individual, as shown by a single case report or a limited number of patients. This should be differentiated from DEATH, the physiological cessation of life and from MORTALITY, an epidemiological or statistical concept.Population Dynamics: The pattern of any process, or the interrelationship of phenomena, which affects growth or change within a population.Influenza A virus: The type species of the genus INFLUENZAVIRUS A that causes influenza and other diseases in humans and animals. Antigenic variation occurs frequently between strains, allowing classification into subtypes and variants. Transmission is usually by aerosol (human and most non-aquatic hosts) or waterborne (ducks). Infected birds shed the virus in their saliva, nasal secretions, and feces.Hybridization, Genetic: The genetic process of crossbreeding between genetically dissimilar parents to produce a hybrid.Anomie: A state of social disorganization and demoralization in society which is largely the result of disharmony between cultural goals and the means for attaining them. This may be reflected in the behavior of the individual in many ways - non-conformity, social withdrawal, deviant behavior, etc.Spain: Parliamentary democracy located between France on the northeast and Portugual on the west and bordered by the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea.Trombiculidae: Family of MITES in the superfamily Trombiculoidea, suborder Prostigmata, which attack humans and other vertebrates, causing DERMATITIS and severe allergic reactions. Chiggers, red bugs, and harvest mites commonly refer to the larval stage of Trombiculid mites, the only parasitic stage of the mite's life cycle.Evolution, Molecular: The process of cumulative change at the level of DNA; RNA; and PROTEINS, over successive generations.DNA, Protozoan: Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of protozoa.Veterinary Medicine: The medical science concerned with the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases in animals.Women, Working: Women who are engaged in gainful activities usually outside the home.Environmental Exposure: The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents in the environment or to environmental factors that may include ionizing radiation, pathogenic organisms, or toxic chemicals.Sanitary Engineering: A branch of engineering concerned with the design, construction, and maintenance of environmental facilities conducive to public health, such as water supply and waste disposal.Tooth Abnormalities: Congenital absence of or defects in structures of the teeth.Aortic Bodies: Small clusters of chemoreceptive and supporting cells located near the ARCH OF THE AORTA; the PULMONARY ARTERIES; and the CORONARY ARTERIES. The aortic bodies sense PH; CARBON DIOXIDE; and OXYGEN concentrations in the BLOOD and participate in the control of RESPIRATION. The aortic bodies should not be confused with the PARA-AORTIC BODIES in the abdomen (which are sometimes also called aortic bodies).Columbidae: Family in the order COLUMBIFORMES, comprised of pigeons or doves. They are BIRDS with short legs, stout bodies, small heads, and slender bills. Some sources call the smaller species doves and the larger pigeons, but the names are interchangeable.Family Characteristics: Size and composition of the family.Air Sacs: Thin-walled sacs or spaces which function as a part of the respiratory system in birds, fishes, insects, and mammals.Camelids, New World: Ruminant mammals of South America. They are related to camels.South AmericaDirofilaria immitis: A filarial parasite primarily of dogs but occurring also in foxes, wolves, and humans. The parasite is transmitted by mosquitoes.Public Health: Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.Insect Bites and Stings: Bites and stings inflicted by insects.Molecular Epidemiology: The application of molecular biology to the answering of epidemiological questions. The examination of patterns of changes in DNA to implicate particular carcinogens and the use of molecular markers to predict which individuals are at highest risk for a disease are common examples.Women's Health: The concept covering the physical and mental conditions of women.Newcastle Disease: An acute febrile, contagious, viral disease of birds caused by an AVULAVIRUS called NEWCASTLE DISEASE VIRUS. It is characterized by respiratory and nervous symptoms in fowl and is transmissible to man causing a severe, but transient conjunctivitis.Rabbits: The species Oryctolagus cuniculus, in the family Leporidae, order LAGOMORPHA. Rabbits are born in burrows, furless, and with eyes and ears closed. In contrast with HARES, rabbits have 22 chromosome pairs.Environmental Pollution: Contamination of the air, bodies of water, or land with substances that are harmful to human health and the environment.Receptor, Melanocortin, Type 1: A melanocortin receptor subtype found primarily in MELANOCYTES. It shows specificity for ALPHA-MSH and ADRENOCORTICOTROPIC HORMONE. Loss of function mutations of the type 1 melanocortin receptor account for the majority of red hair and fair skin recessive traits in human.

The importance of genetic diversity in livestock populations of the future. (1/1610)

Farm animal genetic diversity is required to meet current production needs in various environments, to allow sustained genetic improvement, and to facilitate rapid adaptation to changing breeding objectives. Production efficiency in pastoral species is closely tied to the use of diverse genetic types, but greater genetic uniformity has evolved in intensively raised species. In poultry, breeding decisions are directed by a few multinational companies and involve intense selection, the use of distinct production lines, and very large populations. In dairy cattle, the Holstein breed dominates production. Intensive sire selection is leading to relatively rapid inbreeding rates and raises questions about long-term effects of genetic drift. Key questions in management of farm animal genetic diversity involve the distribution of potentially useful quantitative trait locus alleles among global livestock breeds. Experiments with tomato, maize, and mice suggest that favorable alleles can exist in otherwise lowly productive stocks; this cryptic variation may potentially contribute to future selection response. Genetic improvement under relatively intense unidirectional selection may involve both increases in the frequency of favorable additive alleles as well as the progressive breakdown of homeostatic regulatory mechanisms established under the stabilizing selection that is characteristic of natural populations. Recombination among closely linked regulatory loci and new, potentially favorable mutations are possible sources of long-term genetic variation. A greater understanding of the potential that these alternative mechanisms have for supporting long-term genetic improvement and of genetic relationships among global livestock populations are priorities for managing farm animal genetic diversity.  (+info)

Mechanical maceration of alfalfa. (2/1610)

Maceration is an intensive forage-conditioning process that can increase field drying rates by as much as 300%. Because maceration shreds the forage and reduces its rigidity, improvements in bulk density, silage compaction, and ensiling characteristics have been observed. Macerating forage also increases the surface area available for microbial attachment in the rumen, thereby increasing forage digestibility and animal performance. Feeding trials with sheep have shown increases in DMI of 5 to 31% and increases in DM digestibility of from 14 to 16 percentage units. Lactation studies have demonstrated increases in milk production and BW gain for lactating Holstein cows; however, there is a consistent decrease in milk fat percentage when dairy cattle are fed macerated forage. In vitro studies have shown that maceration decreases lag time associated with NDF digestion and increases rate of NDF digestion. In situ digestibility studies have shown that maceration increases the size of the instantly soluble DM pool and decreases lag time associated with NDF digestion, but it may not consistently alter the rate or extent of DM and NDF digestion.  (+info)

The Parkes Lecture. Heat and the testis. (3/1610)

The evidence for the lower temperature of the testes of many mammals is summarized, and the reasons suggested for the descent of the testes into a scrotum are discussed. Descriptions are given of the various techniques used for studying the effects of heat on the testis, whole body heating, local heating of the testes (by inducing cryptorchidism, scrotal insulation or immersion of the scrotum in a water bath), and heating of tissue or cell preparations in vitro. The effects of heat are discussed, effects on the testis (weight, histology, physiology, biochemistry and endocrinology), on the numbers and motility of spermatozoa in rete testis fluid and semen, on fertilizing ability of spermatozoa and on the subsequent development of the embryos produced when spermatozoa from heated testes are used to fertilize normal ova. The possible mechanisms for the damaging effects of heat are discussed, as well as the importance of heat-induced abnormalities in male reproduction in domestic animals and humans.  (+info)

The role of domestic factors and day-care attendance on lung function of primary school children. (4/1610)

The results of studies examining the relationship of domestic factors to lung function are contradictory. We therefore examined the independent effects of maternal smoking during pregnancy, exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS), the presence of a cat, type of heating and cooking used in the home and day-care attendance on lung function after controlling for socioeconomic status (SES). Nine hundred and eighty-nine children from 18 Montreal schools were studied between April 1990 and November 1992. Information on the child's health and exposure to domestic factors was collected by questionnaire. Spirometry was performed at school. The data were analysed by multiple linear regression with percent predicted FEV1, FVC, and FEV1/FVC as dependent variables. In the overall sample (both sexes combined), cat in the home (regression coefficient, beta = -1.15, 95% confidence interval, CI: -2.26-(-)0.05) and electric baseboard units (beta = -1.26, 95% CI: -2.39-(-)0.13) were independently associated with a lower FEV1/FVC, while day-care attendance (beta = -2.05, 95% CI: -3.71-(-)0.40) significantly reduced FEV1. Household ETS was significantly associated with increasing level of FVC (beta = 2.86, 95% CI: +0.55 to +5.17). In boys but not girls, household ETS (beta = -2.13, 95% CI: -4.07-(-)0.19) and the presence of a cat (beta = -2.19, 95% CI: -3.94-(-)0.45) were associated with lower FEV1/FVC. By contrast, day-care attendance was associated with lower FEV1 (beta = -2.92, 95% CI: -5.27-(-)0.56) and FEV1/FVC (beta = -1.53, 95% CI: -2.73-(-)0.33) in girls only. In conclusion, the results provide evidence that domestic factors and day-care attendance primarily affected airway caliber and gender differences were apparent in the effects of these factors.  (+info)

Pathogenesis of cancrum oris (noma): confounding interactions of malnutrition with infection. (5/1610)

This study showed that impoverished Nigerian children at risk for cancrum oris (noma) had significantly reduced plasma concentrations of zinc (< 10.8 micromol/L), retinol (< 1.05 micromol/L), ascorbate (< 11 micromol/L), and the essential amino acids, with prominently increased plasma and saliva levels of free cortisol, compared with their healthy counterparts. The nutrient deficiencies, in concert with previously reported widespread viral infections (measles, herpesviruses) in the children, would impair oral mucosal immunity. We postulate, subject to additional studies, that evolution of the oral mucosal ulcers including acute necrotizing gingivitis to noma is triggered by a consortium of microorganisms of which Fusobacterium necrophorum is a key component. Fusobacterium necrophorum elaborates several dermonecrotic toxic metabolites and is acquired by the impoverished children via fecal contamination resulting from shared residential facilities with animals and very poor environmental sanitation.  (+info)

Preventing zoonotic diseases in immunocompromised persons: the role of physicians and veterinarians. (6/1610)

We surveyed physicians and veterinarians in Wisconsin about the risk for and prevention of zoonotic diseases in immunocompromised persons. We found that physicians and veterinarians hold significantly different views about the risks posed by certain infectious agents and species of animals and communicate very little about zoonotic issues; moreover, physicians believe that veterinarians should be involved in many aspects of zoonotic disease prevention, including patient education.  (+info)

A 105- to 94-kilodalton protein in the epididymal fluids of domestic mammals is angiotensin I-converting enzyme (ACE); evidence that sperm are the source of this ACE. (7/1610)

SDS-PAGE analysis of luminal fluid from the ram testis and epididymis revealed a protein of about 105 kDa in the fluid in the caput epididymal region. The molecular mass of this fluid protein shifted from 105 kDa to 94 kDa in the distal caput epididymidis and remained at 94 kDa in the lower regions of the epididymis. The possible sperm origin of this protein was suggested by the decrease in intensity of a 105-kDa compound on the sperm plasma membrane extract and by its total disappearance from the fluid of animals with impaired sperm production caused by scrotal heating. The 94-kDa protein was purified from ram cauda epididymal fluid, and a rabbit polyclonal antiserum was obtained. This antiserum showed that membranes of testicular sperm and sperm from the initial caput were positive for the presence of an immunologically related antigen. The protein was immunolocalized mainly on the flagellar intermediate piece, whereas in some corpus and caudal sperm, only the apical ridge of the acrosomal vesicle was labeled. The purified protein was microsequenced: its N-terminal was not found in the sequence database, but its tryptic fragments matched the sequence of the angiotensin I-converting enzyme (ACE). Indeed, the purified 94-kDa protein exhibited a carboxypeptidase activity inhibited by specific blockers of ACE. All the soluble seminal plasma ACE activity in the ram was attributable to the 94-kDa epididymal fluid ACE. The polyclonal antiserum also showed that a soluble form of ACE appeared specifically in the caput epididymal fluid of the boar, stallion, and bull. This soluble form was responsible for all the ACE activity observed in the fluid from the distal caput to the cauda epididymidis in these species. Our results strongly suggest that the epididymal fluid ACE derives from the germinal form of ACE that is liberated from the testicular sperm in a specific epididymal area.  (+info)

La roca magica: uses of natural zeolites in agriculture and industry. (8/1610)

For nearly 200 years since their discovery in 1756, geologists considered the zeolite minerals to occur as fairly large crystals in the vugs and cavities of basalts and other traprock formations. Here, they were prized by mineral collectors, but their small abundance and polymineralic nature defied commercial exploitation. As the synthetic zeolite (molecular sieve) business began to take hold in the late 1950s, huge beds of zeolite-rich sediments, formed by the alteration of volcanic ash (glass) in lake and marine waters, were discovered in the western United States and elsewhere in the world. These beds were found to contain as much as 95% of a single zeolite; they were generally flat-lying and easily mined by surface methods. The properties of these low-cost natural materials mimicked those of many of their synthetic counterparts, and considerable effort has made since that time to develop applications for them based on their unique adsorption, cation-exchange, dehydration-rehydration, and catalytic properties. Natural zeolites (i.e., those found in volcanogenic sedimentary rocks) have been and are being used as building stone, as lightweight aggregate and pozzolans in cements and concretes, as filler in paper, in the take-up of Cs and Sr from nuclear waste and fallout, as soil amendments in agronomy and horticulture, in the removal of ammonia from municipal, industrial, and agricultural waste and drinking waters, as energy exchangers in solar refrigerators, as dietary supplements in animal diets, as consumer deodorizers, in pet litters, in taking up ammonia from animal manures, and as ammonia filters in kidney-dialysis units. From their use in construction during Roman times, to their role as hydroponic (zeoponic) substrate for growing plants on space missions, to their recent success in the healing of cuts and wounds, natural zeolites are now considered to be full-fledged mineral commodities, the use of which promise to expand even more in the future.  (+info)

*List of goat breeds

Domestic Animal Diversity Information System of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Accessed June 2014 ... Domestic Animal Diversity Information System of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Accessed June 2014 ... Animals portal List of sheep breeds List of cattle breeds Porter, Valerie (2002). Mason's World Dictionary of Livestock Breeds ... of Animal Science. Introduction to Common Goat Breeds Mother Earth News Raising Goats for Dummies (Wiley, 2010). ...

*Australian Cashmere goat

Most pre-1830 prints of early Australia show the animals on the hills in the background as goats. Some early efforts were made ... The Australian Cashmere goat is a breed of Cashmere domestic goats originating in Australia. Whilst retaining the fertility and ... For a number of years, the CSIRO maintained a small research herd of selected animals at their Prospect laboratory until budget ... William Riley, in 1832 imported "Angora-Cachemire" animals to his property, Raby, New South Wales. In that year, he delivered a ...

*Sheep-goat hybrid

This animal backcrossed in the veterinary college of Nantes to a ram delivered a stillborn and a living male offspring with 54 ... with domestic horse (chromosome number = 64) hybrids. Hybrid female fertility tends to decrease with increasing divergence in ... The animal was reported to be healthy and thriving; no chromosomal investigation has occurred yet. Also in April 2014, a ... There is a long-standing belief in sheep-goat hybrids, which is presumably due to the animals' resemblance to each other. Some ...

*Pack goat

Concerns have been raised about the disease-spreading potential that domestic goats may pose to wild animals, such as mountain ... Backpacking with animals Draft animal Pack animal Goat packing Basics: Why pack a Goat?, retrieved 2010-07-21 Goat packing ... They are generally less expensive to own and operate than other pack animals since they are natural browsing animals and can ... Goats are domesticated herd animals. They will usually stay near camp and follow their human masters on the trail, much as dogs ...

*Kiko goat

Domestic Animal Diversity Information System of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Accessed November ...

*British Primitive goat

CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link) "Breeds reported by United Kingdom". Domestic Animal Diversity Information System. ... The British primitive goat is a landrace of domestic goat native to Great Britain and Ireland, and is the original goat of the ... A small, all-weather animal, it provided these subsistence pastoralists some milk, and was invaluable for its meat, skin, hair ... calling the animal as "King Puck", the honorary master of ceremonies. In pagan Ireland, the goat was sacrificed, though today ...

*Chamois Coloured goat

Domestic Animal Diversity Information System of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Accessed June 2014 ... Domestic Animal Diversity Information System of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Accessed June 2014 ... Domestic Animal Diversity Information System of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Accessed June 2014 ... Barbara Rischkowsky, D. Pilling (eds.) (2007). List of breeds documented in the Global Databank for Animal Genetic Resources, ...

*Poitou goat

2000), World Watch List for Domestic Animal Diversity (3rd ed.), Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations, p. ... 59th European Association for Animal Production meeting, Commission on Animal Genetics "Poitou", Breeds of Livestock, Oklahoma ... and at one point were down to just 600 breeding animals. Poitou goats have a distinctive appearance: tall and with long, shaggy ...

*Goat meat

... or goat's meat is the meat of the domestic goat (Capra aegagrus hircus). Goat meat from adults is often called chevon ... There are many separate dishes, which together include all edible parts of the animal. Bhutun is made from the gut, Rakhti from ... Food portal Goat farming List of domesticated meat animals List of goat dishes Meat goat breeds "Should You Market Chevon, ... and cabrito, capretto, or kid when it is from young animals. While "goat" is usually the name for the meat found in common ...

*Mites of domestic animals

Close attention to domestic animals is necessary, including regular hand grooming of companion animals. This enables early ... A variety of mites cause mild dermatitis in their hosts and biting nuisance and disgust to the owners of domestic animals. ... Mites that infest and parasitize domestic animals cause disease and loss of production. Mites are small invertebrates, most of ... Compared to ticks and insects of domestic animals the parasitic mites are of limited importance as transmitters (vectors) of ...

*Faroe Islands domestic animals

The domestic animals of the Faroe Islands are a result of 1200 years of isolated breeding. As a result, many of the islands' ... domestic animals are found nowhere else in the world. The Faroe pony (Faroese: føroyska rossið) is a small but strong pony. Its ... of Animal Science. Archived from the original on 2011-06-08. "Faroese goose". 2010-12-18. "Tame Birds of the Faroes". 2010-12- ...

*Ticks of domestic animals

... and protozoa between domestic animals. These microbes cause diseases which can be severely debilitating or fatal to domestic ... Ticks of domestic animals directly cause poor health and loss of production to their hosts by many parasitic mechanisms. Ticks ... Ticks of domestic animals in Africa: a guide to identification of species. Bioscience Reports, Edinburgh. ISBN 0-9545173-0-X, ... The only countries that do not have some kind of problem with ticks on domestic animals are those that are permanently cold. An ...

*Parasitic flies of domestic animals

Disease caused by small pathogenic organisms that pass from the flies to domestic animals is described here under Transmitted ... Disease caused by small pathogenic organisms that pass from the flies to domestic animals is described here under Transmitted ... Veterinary parasitology also covers arthropods in the Class Acari, the ticks of domestic animals and mites of livestock which ... These problems occur wherever domestic animals are reared. This article provides an overview of parasitic flies from a ...

*Lists of domestic animal breeds

The Lists of breeds refer to listed breeds of domesticated animals. Lists of breeds List of animal names Biodiversity Rare ...

*Unmol

Harbans Singh (1966). Domestic animals. Series: India, the land and the people. New Delhi: National Book Trust, India.. ... Beate D. Scherf (ed.) (2000). World Watch List for Domestic Animal Diversity (3rd edition). Rome: Food and Agriculture ... edition of the World Watch List for Domestic Animal Diversity, published in 2000, does not mention it; nor was it among the ... World Watch List for Domestic Animal Diversity (2nd edition). Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. ...

*Vladimir Dinets

Domestic Animals, 1998. J. Newell (ed.) The Russian Far East: A Reference Guide for Conservation and Development. Daniel & ... Animal Behavior and Cognition 4:24-29. Dinets, V. Tracking the mystery animal. Vokrug Sveta 2012(2) (in Russian) Dinets, V. ... Animal Behavior 82(2): 191-201. Dinets, V. The role of Habitat in Crocodilian Communication Dinets, V. Coordination and ... Animal Behavior & Cognition 2: 49-55 Feb2017 Dinets_HH(7)_final.pdf Dinets, V. Coordinated hunting by Cuban boas. ...

*Sweat gland

Domestic animals[which?] have apocrine glands at the base of each hair follicle, but eccrine glands only in foot pads and snout ... They are not significant for cooling in humans, but are the sole effective sweat glands in hoofed animals, such as the camels, ... 2003). Textbook of Small Animal Surgery. 2. Elsevier Health Sciences. p. 253. ISBN 9780721686073. Spearman, Richard Ian ...

*Pyometra

Reproduction in Domestic Animals. 47: 347-350. doi:10.1111/rda.12103. Romagnoli, Stefano (2002). "Canine Pyometra: Pathogenesis ... Spayed animals do very rarely develop pyometra in the uterine stump. Even so, ovariohysterectomy is currently considered the ... may occur at this time for some animals, as an inappropriate response to progesterone. Under these circumstances, bacteria ( ... Therapy and Clinical Cases". Proceedings of the 27th World Congress of the World Small Animal Veterinary Association. Retrieved ...

*Transgene

"Use of Transgenic Animals to Improve Human Health and Animal Production". Reproduction in Domestic Animals. 40 (5): 269-281. ... Agricultural applications aim to selectively breed animals for particular traits and animals that are resistant to diseases.[ ... The first transgenic animals were only intended for genetic research to study the specific function of a gene, and by 2003, ... The idea of shaping an organism to fit a specific need isn't a new science; selective breeding of animals and plants started ...

*Multilobular tumour of bone

In: Meuten DJ (ed.). Tumors in Domestic Animals. 4th ed. pp. 296-298, Iowa State University Press, Ames, 2002 Loukopoulos P, ... Histological Classification of Bone and Joint Tumors of Domestic Animals. pp. 1-50, Armed Forces Institute of Pathology, ...

*De Wildt Cheetah and Wildlife Centre

Reproduction in Domestic Animals. 43 (16): 66-73. doi:10.1111/j.1439-0531.2008.01144.x. Retrieved April 13, 2012. De Wildt ... Due to her compassionate nature, Ann soon had a collection of stray and injured animals on the farm. Then, in October 1968, a ... also known as Ann van Dyk Cheetah Centre is a captive breeding facility for South African cheetahs and other animals that is ...

*Captive breeding

Reproduction in Domestic Animals. 43 (16): 66-73. doi:10.1111/j.1439-0531.2008.01144.x. Retrieved April 13, 2012. Rehmeyer, ... If two compatible animals are found at different zoos, the animals may be transported for mating, but this is stressful, which ... possibly because the young animals spent the critical learning period in captivity. Released animals often do not avoid ... iPSC may one day be used to treat captive animals with diseases. Breeding in the wild European Endangered Species Programme ( ...

*In vitro maturation

IVM has also been used in domestic animals including mice, cats, dogs, swine, sheep, horse and cattle as well as wild species ... This technique is also used in sheep, pigs and other animals. See In animals. Oocytes are classified depending on their ... Reproduction in Domestic Animals. 49 (2): 243-248. doi:10.1111/rda.12261. ISSN 1439-0531. Fadini, Rubens; Renzini, Mario ... doi:10.1146/annurev-animal-022114-110822. ISSN 2165-8110. PMID 26566159. Andrabi, S. M. H.; Maxwell, W. M. C. (2007-06-01). "A ...

*Endometrosis

Reproduction in Domestic Animals. 30 (2): 61-65. doi:10.1111/j.1439-0531.1995.tb00606.x. ...

*Progesterone

22-. ISBN 0-323-03309-1. Perry T. Cupps (20 February 1991). Reproduction in Domestic Animals. Elsevier. pp. 101-. ISBN 978-0-08 ... These animal findings suggest that, while not essential for full mammary ductal development, progesterone seems to play a ... Animal studies show that progesterone treatment leads to a decrease in edema levels by increasing the concentration of ... An additional animal source of progesterone is milk products. After consumption of milk products the level of bioavailable ...

*Beaver attack

... s can also be fatal for domestic animals. A dog died during surgery after being bitten by a beaver in 2010 at ... A beaver attack is an attack on a human or domestic pet by a beaver. Beaver attacks are relatively uncommon but are becoming ... after which members of the Scout troop killed the rabid animal by stoning; and an attack on a man swimming in Dobra River, ... more frequently reported, because it is now more common for humans to enter and disturb the natural habitat of these animals. ...

*Old Assyrian Empire

Domestic animals provided meat. The earliest traces of settlement on the site are from c. 6000 BC. Before 2000 BC, a settlement ... Adad's special animal is the bull. Adad presents two aspects in the hymns, incantations, and votive inscriptions. On the one ... Craftsmen in Kanesh specialized in earthen drinking vessels, in the shapes of animals, that were often used for religious ...
A new study led by Professor Ludovic Orlando and published in Science unveils the secrets of horse breeding by Iron Age Scythian nomads. The genomes reconstructed from 14 archaeological horses also provide important insights into the process of animal domestication, supporting changes in the neural crest development pathway as key to the emergence of common domestic traits and revealing major changes in breeding practice during the last 2,300 years.
Domestic Animals" is referring to the time farmers used to live with or above their livestock to take advantage of their warmth. "Domestic Animals" is giving more attention to heating. The "Domestic Animals" are covered with the skin of the animal they represent, which is giving them a attraction to get near and touch them, so you can warm yourself up on them. And if you want to be somewhere else in the house you can take the skins with you to comfort yourself.. The skins are filled with wheat seeds which capture warmth and stay warm for a long period of time. In this way you dont have to put the thermostat higher when you have it a bit chilly, and still can get it comfortable. And besides this all are the "Domestic Animals" beautiful objects that can enrich your living room.. Every "Domestic Animal" Consists out of one ongoing steel tube that starts and ends at the tail. This cant be bended in one time, so every animal is build from 40 to 60 pieces, which are all bent by a computer-controlled ...
Domestic Animal Behavior, Fifth Edition is a fully updated revision of this popular, classic text. Maintaining the foundation of earlier editions, chapters examine key behavior issues ranging from communication to social structure. Each chapter covers a wide variety of domestic animals including cats, dogs, horses, pigs, sheep, and cattle.Fifth Edition also expands its coverage on new key areas of behavior research, including cognition and the genetics of behavior, and provides valuable, current information on normal and aberrant behaviors. Domestic Animal Behavior, Fifth Edition is a must-have resource for veterinarians and animal scientists seeking a more thorough understanding of the principles of animal behavior.
Wherever you are there are always animals around whether they be cared for such as cats, dogs and horses and pets in general. We rely on vets for our pets good health but wild animals take their chance with few, if any, people to look after them, other than environmental projects, whereas we readily pamper our pets and rush them off to the vets at every available opportunity! Pictures of wildlife, domestic pets and wild animals Miscellaneous pictures wild animals, pets or farm animals from domestic life, countryside walking and holidays. Pictures of animals and pets Phil Brown docspics landscapes digital images snapshots photographs pictures views scenes scenic views pics photos snaps webshots. ...
Many species of flies of the two-winged type, Order Diptera, such as mosquitoes, horse-flies, blow-flies and warble-flies cause direct parasitic disease to domestic animals, and transmit organisms that cause diseases. These infestations and infections cause distress to companion animals, and in livestock industry the financial costs of these diseases are high. These problems occur wherever domestic animals are reared. This article provides an overview of parasitic flies from a veterinary perspective, with emphasis on the disease causing relationships between these flies and their host animals. The article is organized following the taxonomic hierarchy of these flies in the Phylum Arthropoda, Order Insecta. Families and genera of dipteran flies are emphasized rather than many individual species. Disease caused by the feeding activity of the flies is described here under Parasitic disease. Disease caused by small pathogenic organisms that pass from the flies to domestic animals is described here ...
In accordance with Section 68A of the Domestic Animals Act 1994, the City of Greater Dandenong is required to produce a Domestic Animal Management Plan for 2017-20.. As part of the process Council is conducting a review into the current Domestic Animal Management Plan (2013-16 edition) and is inviting public comment on the current plan.. ...
Start your search for your Agricultural and Domestic Animal Services, Other degree. Compare colleges and Agricultural and Domestic Animal Services, Other programs. Find Agricultural and Domestic Animal Services, Other scholarships and read student reviews at Cappex.com.com
Domestic animal behaviour and welfare by Donald M. Broom; 2 editions; First published in 2007; Subjects: Animal welfare, Behavior, Domestic animals, Pets
The Domestic Animals Act 1994 (The Act) requires that each Council prepare an animal management plan. The City of Greater Dandenong has therefore developed this plan in accordance with the legislative guidelines.. In this plan, we have sought to balance the competing needs of animal owners, the broader community and the animals that share peoples lives. We also recognises the positive health and wellbeing outcomes that arise from pet ownership.. The programs and activities set out in the plan have therefore been developed with the aim to encourage more people to enjoy the pleasure derived from animal companionship, within a framework of responsible ownership.. Download the Domestic Animal Management Plan 2013-16 (PDF 5.1MB). Please contact us if you require this document in an alternative format.. ...
Today we are a great distance from the ecological situation of medieval Italy. With the aid of capital and industry, we humans have become so practiced, and coldly efficient, in matters of animal domestication that we now have health insurance on offer for wealthy domestic pets while billions of other creatures in our care are heedlessly slaughtered. Our domestication practices are a mess. Read More ...
Read reviews, compare customer ratings, see screenshots, and learn more about NJLaw - Title 4 - Agriculture / Domestic Animals. Download NJLaw - Title 4 - Agriculture / Domestic Animals and enjoy it on your iPhone, iPad, and iPod touch.
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Millions of farm animals are reared across the globe every year for their meat, milk, eggs, etc. Besides the commonly known farm animals like hens, cows, buffaloes, horses, pigs, sheep, etc., there are plenty of other animals reared on farms. Some of the not-so-commonly known farm animals are gayal, rhea, alpaca, banteng, etc. Learn more about farm animals from the articles provided below.. ...
Michelle Merrick: Womens Rights, Pitbull Rights/rehab/rescue/education,BSL is for the Ignorant,Animal Cruelty,Stop BSL,Restrict Domestic Animal Breeding
Rent textbook Domestic Animal Behavior for Veterinarians and Animal Scientists by Houpt, Katherine A. - 9780813816760. Price: $57.01
Draw in 4 steps This packet contains 10 pages with instructions to draw pet animals. Your student will need an empty sheet to draw and color his animal. 10 domestic animals: * fish * cat * dog * duck * mouse * budgie * turtle * rabbit * parrot * hamster
Download free Animal cat wallpaper from Section: Domestic animals & Category: Animals wallpapers. Filetype: Hd pet animal wallpapers & Size: 164.1 kb
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Sitting Pet Domestic Mammal Animal Dog Canine photo, resolution 4000×3000 pixel, Image type JPEG, free download and free for commercial use.
There is no plague risk to the general public or anyone at CSU, said Katie ODonnell who works with Larimer County Public Health.. Students and staff at the Fort Collins veterinary clinic who treated the dog were identified and health officials are working with those people for preventative measures based on how much contact they had with the dog.. Anyone who was exposed to the dog does not pose a health risk to anyone else, unless they begin to show illness, such as high fever.. Officials believe the dog mightve contracted the disease when it sniffed a dead prairie dog a few days before it was admitted to the veterinarian.. In 2017, six other domestic pets got the plague.. Larimer County Public Health officials stressed that the plague rarely developed in humans and is treatable if caught early.. ...
There is no plague risk to the general public or anyone at CSU, said Katie ODonnell who works with Larimer County Public Health.. Students and staff at the Fort Collins veterinary clinic who treated the dog were identified and health officials are working with those people for preventative measures based on how much contact they had with the dog.. Anyone who was exposed to the dog does not pose a health risk to anyone else, unless they begin to show illness, such as high fever.. Officials believe the dog mightve contracted the disease when it sniffed a dead prairie dog a few days before it was admitted to the veterinarian.. In 2017, six other domestic pets got the plague.. Larimer County Public Health officials stressed that the plague rarely developed in humans and is treatable if caught early.. ...
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A blind student uses touch to explore models of what farm animals look like. Reverse reads: "Domestic Animals - The four animals - the horse, cow, hog and the sheep are made in high relief but scaled down in size. Each animal is made in the proper proportion to the other. The rooster and hen are scaled together." ...
In 2000, two E. coli O157:H7 outbreaks in Pennsylvania and Washington prompted CDC to establish recommendations for enteric disease prevention associated with farm animal contact. Risk factors identified in both outbreaks were direct animal contact and inadequate hand washing (14,64). In the Pennsylvania outbreak, 51 persons (median age: 4 years) became ill within 10 days after visiting a dairy farm. Eight (16%) of these patients acquired hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS), a potentially fatal consequence of STEC infection. The same strain of E. coli O157:H7 was isolated from cattle, patients, and the farm environment. An assessment of the farm environment determined that no areas separate from the animal contact areas existed for eating and drinking, and the hand-washing facilities were poorly maintained and not configured for children (14). The protective effect of hand washing and the persistence of organisms in the environment were demonstrated in an outbreak of Salmonella enterica serotype ...
TABLE OF PROVISIONS PART 1--PRELIMINARY 1. Purpose 2. Commencement 3. Definitions 4. Parent or guardian deemed to be owner 5. Governor in Council exemptions 5A. Applicable organisations and recognised organisations 6. Ministers power to delegate 6A. Secretarys power to delegate 7. Exemptions for guide dogs 8. Exemptions for dogs used by government authorities 9. Act binds the Crown PART 2--REGISTRATION OF DOGS AND CATS 10. Requirement to apply for registration 10A. Council may refuse to register dogs and cats unless desexed 10B. Dogs and cats that are exempt from desexing 10C. Refusal of registration of dogs and cats unless permanently identified 10D. Dogs and cats that are exempt from permanent identification 11. Period of registration 12. Agents for registration 12A. Dogs and cats must be permanently identified before sale or being given away 13. Notification of sale by domestic animal business 14. Application for registration or renewal of registration 15. Registration fees 16. Registration ...
Funny pet videos and domestic animals commercials. Watch advertisements for dog food and K9 products plus cat litter and feline stuff in these humorous vids and clips.
Close up of a cow grazing in the field. Domestic Animals image by Lostbear. You may easily purchase this image I1147730 as Guest without opening an account. Included into the Cow in pasture image selection.
The coat colors and patterns of wild and domestic animals are different primarily because of human intervention over thousands of years, a new study suggests. p
Dog is a domestic animal and known as the mans best friend. It is often served as pets or watchdogs. For some society, dog is also a source of meat.
Lohionginta Korpikeidas is a fishing place with a guaranteed catch! You can take your freshly caught fish with you or have it smoked. A domestic animal park is an excellent destination for family trips. Sheep, rabbits, chickens and roosters, guinea pigs, chipmunks, turkeys, pigeons, emus, a miniature pig and pony riding. Open also during winter time for fishing ...
A white horse staring uncertainly at the camera. Domestic Animals photo by Photobunny. You may easily purchase this image I1317826 as Guest without opening an account.
Buy Genome Mapping and Genomics in Domestic Animals (9783540738343): NHBS - Edited By: Noelle E Cockett and Chittaranjan Kole, Springer-Verlag
Animals Look is source on the Internet where you can easily find interesting, funny, bizarre and weird stories and pictures of both wild and domestic animals.
Animals Look is source on the Internet where you can easily find interesting, funny, bizarre and weird stories and pictures of both wild and domestic animals.
Free eBook: Domestic Animals by Richard L. Allen. with directions for theirmanagement, breeding, crossing, rearing, feeding, andpreparation for a profitable market; also their diseasesand remedies. Together with full directions for themanagement of the dairy.
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Functional Anatomy and Physiology of Domestic Animals 9780813814513 by William O. Reece. Publisher: Iowa State University Press. FREE shipping to most Australian states.
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Ranked 11th of the 25 most downloaded article of livestock science between January to December 2011 is the article Genetics of adaptation in domestic farm animals: A review. This review summarizes available information on genetics of adaptation in major livestock species focusing on small ruminants. Adaptation to humans and consequences of domestication on predator aversion,…
common fungal infection of the bearded area and surrounding skin of adolescent and adult males. The most common aetiologic agents are zoophilic species of T. verrucosum and T. mentagrophytes. It affects mainly individuals from rural areas in close contact with cattle or other domestic animals. The infection presents with purulent follicles, inflammatory papules, pustules, exsudate, and crusts.. ...
The Irish word for the month of May is Bealtine, and on the first day of this month two fires were lit. Cattle and other domestic animals were driven between the fires, so as to gain protection against diseases. This custom has parallels in Scotland and Brittany. One romantic tale suggests that the outlying stone represents a musician, while the circle of stones is dancers turned to stone for their revelry during the Sabbath.. A more credible theory suggests that this arrangement of stones as well as other features of the adjacent horizon were used by these ancient peoples to determine astronomical alignments; various alignments have been pointed out including the winter and summer stolicices, the spring and autumn equinox and the early November sunrise marking the beginning of the Celtic festival of Samhain. However the most persuasive alignment must be from the tallest stone at the S W to the triangular stone decorated with cup marks at E N E.. This alignment points to a small hill about five ...
Alongside the chickens, goats, sheep, turkeys, rabbits, cows and other pigs at the sanctuary, Bruce lived in hog heaven with plentiful food, water, shelter, love and a future that didnt include a skillet. Animal Place - which now includes the relocated sanctuary on 600 acres in Grass Valley and the site in Vacaville for rescued and adoptable farm animals - has rescued thousands of farm animals, many from Bay Area counties, since executive director Sturla started saving them 25 years ago. Sadie came out of a dairy farm, where cows must be bred to maintain lactation and newborn calves are typically separated from their moms at birth. Adopting out chickensAbout 100 of the chickens at the sanctuary came from an egg farm in Turlock (Stanislaus County), the luckiest among 50,000 abandoned and without food for two weeks before local authorities found them in February. The sanctuary opened to visitors about six months ago, allowing families, school groups or Scout troops to walk the pens and barns or get a
On Jan. 8, 1964, just weeks after ascending to the presidency following the assassination of John F. Kennedy, Lyndon Johnson delivered his first annual State of the Union Address to Congress.. In his initial comments, the president laid out a series of policy objectives, one of which was a declaration of "all-out war on human poverty and unemployment in these United States." "This administration today, here and now, declares unconditional war on poverty in America," he said.. Johnson declared in his speech that this objective, along with his other domestic priorities, "can be done without any increase in spending." "In fact," he promised, "under the budget that I shall shortly submit, it can be done with an actual reduction in federal expenditures and federal employment.". In the following months a Democrat-majority Congress passed, and Johnson signed, some of the most liberal-progressive legislation to date, creating "a number of programs to help the poor, including Medicare, Medicaid, food ...
Im looking to add a new ratty to my home, however the nearest place I can get a new addition is about two hours away in Billings MT. Im in the
Discuss pets and other non-wild animals (other than dogs) and their care, facts, etc. here. Please keep all domestic dog discussion in the Other Canid forum, Domestic Dogs subforum ...
MOTHER's Country Vet shares tips on farm animal health, including questions on preventing horse ulcers, uncoordinated goat eyes, feline parasites and canine ear swelling.
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U.S. Highway Accidents Involving Farm Animals A Farm Sanctuary Report July 2006 Abstract Neither the government nor industry in the U.S. reports transportation accidents involving animals raised for food.
Despite longstanding scientific concerns, antibiotics continue to be given to farm animals as a means of producing leaner meat. This helps to spread antibiotic resistance. A new type of therapy offers an alternative.
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Hi My name is Andrew Littleton . We are looking for someone to farm sit over Christmas . We would need some one who could start a diesel generator a few times ( we would show how that is done.) … Continue reading →. ...
by Alex Bianco, MS, DVM University of Minnesota While the relationships between humans and their domestic pets are varied and complex, the connection between horse and owner is unique in that it often spans years to decades.
As flu-watchers like to say, you can always count on influenza virus to surprise. The latest revelation is that scientists have apparently been wrong about
As flu-watchers like to say, you can always count on influenza virus to surprise. The latest revelation is that scientists have apparently been wrong about
As flu-watchers like to say, you can always count on influenza virus to surprise. The latest revelation is that scientists have apparently been wrong about
This patent search tool allows you not only to search the PCT database of about 2 million International Applications but also the worldwide patent collections. This search facility features: flexible search syntax; automatic word stemming and relevance ranking; as well as graphical results.
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This patent search tool allows you not only to search the PCT database of about 2 million International Applications but also the worldwide patent collections. This search facility features: flexible search syntax; automatic word stemming and relevance ranking; as well as graphical results.
Lighting and scenic designer Christopher Annas-Lees unleashes a dreamy Northern Lights display that transports the audience to the border of reality, and suddenly its unclear if Loris mind is sound. Callsen shows off her emotional and physical range as mood swings and body spasms take over. Keller reappears as kind psych worker Josh, who has apparently been taking care of Lori for some months. The same chemistry is evident, with Keller taking to the role of kind protector like a duck to water.. After some revealing back and forth between patient and orderly, we soon meet Matt, Loris wayward soldier boyfriend, and Lance, the kind janitor. Jeremy Hunter plays both parts in turn, switching personas with aplomb as Loris mind continues to fracture. Hunters kind, emotional presence is the key to both Loris madness…and her salvation.. ...
This presentation serves educational purposes. I did my best to include all necessary information pertaining the authors of individual photos. If you think tha…
When Easter is around the corner, a lot of parents decide to buy their youngsters a pet rabbit. Even even though rabbits make a excellent domestic pet, it is...
Rat poisons are a bad idea. They pose much more risk to small children and household pets than they do to the wild rats. There are several common forms,...
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Neapolitan breed from Breeds of the Domestic Animals. Author David Low, Illustrated by William Nicholson. - Stock Image C018/9088
Herdrukken van materiaal van deze site is alleen mogelijk met schriftelijke toestemming van de uitgever .Wanneer met een verwijzing naar de verplichte tipsed.com. ...
Epidemiology and One Health programs focus on the population health of domestic animals, wildlife and people, using analytical approaches and tools that facilitate diagnosis, control, prevention, and eradication of diseases, and address challenges that impact health, sustainability, and productivity of populations.. Specialty areas include:. ...
The purpose of this project is to establish new approaches regulating reproduction, body growth and metabolism of domestic animals. To this end, we investigated molecular mechanisms of body growth and reproduction mainly by generating several line of transgenic and knockout animal models. The main outcomes of this project are as follows ...
Pathogenesis A Gram-negative, aerobic bacillus (facultative intracellular) which is endemic worldwide, causing disease mainly in domestic animals...
Stewardship policy reduces antimicrobial use on farms 5 January 2017 Evidence suggests the frequent use of certain antimicrobials (AM) in food-producing animals may reduce their effectiveness as treatments for both animals and humans. Researchers at the University of Bristols School of Veterinary Sciences are finding novel ways to address these concerns, working with farmers to empower them to develop policies to promote more responsible use of medicines on farms. ...
In the latest edition of SVARM (2015) they show the link between ESBLs is between man and the environment, not farm animals or food.
Im a warm, patient & responsible animal-lover with 15+ years of experience with dogs & other pets, including farm animals! I live on a huge privat...
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Ticks of domestic animals directly cause poor health and loss of production to their hosts by many parasitic mechanisms. Ticks also transmit numerous kinds of viruses, bacteria, and protozoa between domestic animals. These microbes cause diseases which can be severely debilitating or fatal to domestic animals, and may also affect humans. Ticks are especially important to domestic animals in tropical and subtropical countries, where the warm climate enables many species of ticks to flourish. Also, the large populations of wild animals in warm countries provide a reservoir of ticks and infective microbes that spread to domestic animals. Farmers of livestock animals use many methods to control ticks, and related treatments are used to reduce infestation of companion animals. Ticks are invertebrate animals in the phylum Arthropoda, and are related to spiders. Ticks are in the subclass Acari which consists of many orders of mites and one tick order, the Ixodida. Some mites are parasitic, but all ...
How far have we come and what is the future for farm animal welfare? This will be the focus of a public lecture and international conference at Bristol University this week. Entitled Farm animal health and welfare - past, present and future, the lecture will be given by Alick Simmons, Deputy Chief Veterinary Officer of the UK Government Department, Defra (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs). The lecture takes place at 6.30 pm on Thursday, April 17 in the Powell Lecture Theatre, H H Wills Physics Building, Tyndall Avenue, Bristol. It is free and open to everyone. The lecture is part of this years Colston Research Society Symposium, a two-day meeting at the Universitys School of Veterinary Science at Langford, which will bring together an international line-up of experts to discuss farm animal welfare and the link with disease.. The symposium entitled, Farm animal welfare and the interface with disease, has six sessions that will progress from the fundamentals of animal welfare, ...
Dog domestication may have inadvertently led to harmful genetic changes, a UCLA-led study suggests. Domestication of dogs from gray wolves more than 15,000 years ago involved artificial selection and inbreeding.
The objective of non-commercial movement of pet animals should not be selling the animal or the exchange of ownership. Pet animal stands for an animal that is accompanied by its owner or an authorised person during movement. The owner or the authorised person is responsible for the pet animal during movement.. An authorised person can move the pet animal on behalf of the owner. An authorised person means any natural person who has authorisation in writing from the owner to carry out the non-commercial movement of the pet animal on behalf of the owner.. ...
Report on the Welfare of Farmed Animals at Slaughter or Killing - Part Two: White Meat Animals. This is the second report dealing with the welfare of farmed animals at slaughter or killing and was published in May 2009. This Report contains the Councils views on the welfare of farmed poultry and rabbits at slaughter or killing. It makes a number of recommendations that aim to improve the standard of animal welfare before and during slaughter or killing.. ...
There is no record in the Empire of large farms or cattle pens of chickens and other domestic animals unfit for consumption. You have to think so for example, Latin sources tell us breeding stables, I think it is Pliny who appoints them. Similarly, it but can not remember the exact quote, and others, say that there are areas suitable for the breeding of cattle of various kinds. As such, Hispania is suitable for large animals, such as Gaul for draft animals in the field, and East to the other animals. While in Italy did exist grangas in publicus ager, field locations where there were cattle farms. The problem is that these farms are not preserved, since the only material that could be derived from their exploitation are the houses of animals, something that little or nothing has been found. Surely there are "companies" Roman exploitation linked to meat products, but the vast majority of meat consumption would be for the private sector for their own use. With butchers and markets that people buy ...
Consumers are increasingly demanding higher standards for how their meat is sourced, with animal welfare and the impact on the environment factoring in many purchases. Unfortunately, many widely-used livestock production methods are currently unsustainable. However, new research out today from the University of Cambridge has identified what may be the future of sustainable livestock production: silvopastoral systems which include shrubs and trees with edible leaves or fruits as well as herbage.
The Pet Animals Policy prohibits pets, with the exception of guide dogs, in University buildings or tied up outside University buildings ...
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Biology Assignment Help, Veterinary science, Veterinary Science : This is the study of domestic animals. Veterinary science or veterinary medicine is the branch of science which deals with the application of surgical, medical, dental, public, health, diagnostic, or therapeutic principles to non
Fax: (404) 651-9024. Georgias Reportable Animal Disease System (Georgia RADS). Our Animal Health office governs the prevention, control and eradication of certain infectious and communicable diseases of livestock and other domestic animals. Information sheets on some reportable diseases are available at Georgia RADS. ...
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Publication World Watch List for domestic animal diversity. Third edition (En). Series: Non-series TitlesWorld food production and agriculture utlize only a few animal species, within which many breeds with unique characteristics have developed over ...
Smallholders in developing countries subsist mainly on the products of their own farms. Scarcity of land, labour and capital obliges them to reorient their livestock production towards species that are cheap and easy to maintain and that provide animal protein as well as cash income. Geese are particularly well suited to such systems. Mature geese are independent, larger than other poultry species and thus less vulnerable to predators. When kept in small flocks and allowed to roam the farmyard or field, they are adept scavengers, requiring less attention than any other domestic bird. Geese adapt easily to captivity, and if small quantities of supplementary feed are provided in the evening they will even return home by themselves. Thus, requiring little extra work, these animals supply nutritious meat, huge eggs and rich fat for cooking, as well as soft down and feathers for bedding and clothing, which makes them particularly appropriate for providing farmers with a supplementary income. Geese ...
books.google.comhttps://books.google.com/books/about/Hagan_and_Bruner_s_Microbiology_and_Infe.html?id=UtxUbXOfAFUC&utm_source=gb-gplus-shareHagan and Bruners Microbiology and Infectious Diseases of Domestic Animals ...
Journal: Domestic animal endocrinology Domest. Anim. Endocrinol. Publisher: (2674) Elsevier (Alias: Elsevier, Elsevier BV, Elsevier Ltd, Elsevier Inc., Elsevier Masson, Elsevier Australia, Elsevier Ltd., Elsevier BV * North-Holland, Elsevier Doyma, Elsevier Editora Ltda, Elsevier Espana, Elsevier France * Editions Scientifiques et Medicales, Elsevier GmbH, Elsevier GmbH - Urban und Fischer, Elsevier Health Sciences, Elsevier Ireland Ltd., Elsevier Japan KK, Elsevier Oncology, Elsevier Science Publishers Ltd., Elsevier S.A., Pergamon Press) ISSN (P) 0739-7240 ISSN (E) 1879-0054 ISSN (L) 0739-7240 There are no additional documents for this Publisher/Journal ...
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GLOBAL - Food companies are paying more and more attention to animal welfare within their supply chains, according to the latest Business Benchmark on Farm Animal Welfare (BBFAW) report, published on Monday.
THE RED TICK L N 9 d EQUATCRIA PROVINCE [email protected] 10 16 Kapoeta Kle hantulus rufescens hoo straali Apr (n1merc;s 1 1 Lokila Essie ourebi uatoria Feb 1 L Torit 5ure5ia oure5i ~§ Dec (3) 2 2 Torit HI tr s §uii nus 55151-1 Jan 1 Terakeka. auro r s o attersonianus Jan (S06) 2 13 Torit Hce1a Ens buse¥a&us roosevefii Dec (2) 1 1 Kapoeta. domestic goa s Jul 6 6 Kapoeta. domestic goats Dec 30 38 Labalwa domestic goats Dec 1 9 30 Sunat domestic goats Dec 21 15 Torit domestic goats Dec 1 2 25 Torit domestic goats Nov 53 60 Torit domestic goats J an 126 24 67 Loronyo domestic goats Jan 3 17 8 Il1l111Ok domestic goats Jan 27 38 Juba domestic goats Dec 11 20 Kaguada domestic goats Dec 151 48 89 Kajo Keji domestic goats Dec 2 2 2 Kapoeta domestic sheep Dec 4 Kapoeta domestic sheep Jul 9 2 3 Loronyo domestic sheep Jan 11, 1 4 Katire domestic sheep Jan 3 14 Torit domestic sheep Nov 4 7 Juba domestic sheep Dec 16 21 Juba domestic sheep Jan 4 9 Kaguada domestic sheep Dec 3 2 Yei domestic sheep Jun 3 1 3 ...
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Order Code RL31945 CRS Report for Congress Received through the CRS Web Animal Agriculture: Selected Issues in the 108th Congress Updated October 15, 2003 name redacted Specialist in Agricultural Policy Resources, Science, and Industry Division Congressional Research Service ˜ The Library of Congress Animal Agriculture: Selected Issues in the 108th Congress Summary Animal agriculture accounts for a significant segment of U.S. agriculture: in 2002, for example, U.S. farmers and ranchers received $94 billion from the sale of animal products, or about half of all U.S. farm cash receipts. Various issues important to animal agriculture have generated interest among lawmakers in the first session of the 108th Congress. For example, under the 2002 farm bill (P.L. 107-171) many food stores in 2004 must provide country-of-origin labeling (COOL) on ground and fresh cuts of beef, pork, and lamb. The Housepassed USDA appropriation for FY2004 (H.R. 2673) would block funding to implement COOL for meats. The ...
Health care providers are urged to conduct a complete risk assessment and administer rabies post-exposure prophylaxis, if warranted, utilizing ACIP guidelines.. There has been some recent confusion expressed by providers related to the incidence of rabies in domestic animals in Monterey County. Rabies is enzootic in Monterey County, particularly among skunks and bats. While the canine variant of rabies is not found in California, all domestic animals in Monterey County including dogs and cats are at risk of infection with skunk and bat variants of rabies. Over the last few years there has been an increase in rabies among domestic animals in Monterey County. On July 2, 2015, a cat owned by an individual who resides within the City of Monterey tested positive for a bat variant of rabies. In 2012, a dog from the North Monterey County area was infected with a skunk variant of rabies. The dog had received at least one dose of rabies vaccine. At this time, the Health Department recommends health care ...
A review of the literature found that the translation of clinical audit from human to veterinary medicine had resulted in confusing and conflicting advice for practitioners working with all species. The definition of clinical audit seemed unclear, advice on how to conduct the process differed between authors and the relationship with evidence and guidelines was ambitious. Very few publications were based on research evidence and most centred on expert opinion. There was also no information on how clinical audit was used or understood by farm animal practitioners. A cross-sectional study to collect experiences and attitudes of farm animal veterinary surgeons in the UK towards clinical audit was conducted using a nationwide survey. Despite the emphasis put on the process, the survey revealed that many veterinary surgeons had never heard of clinical audit, or never been involved in clinical audit in farm animal practice. The participants knowledge of clinical audit varied widely, supporting the ...
Rabies vaccine is used in two ways. Rabies vaccine is given to persons who have been exposed (e.g., by a bite, scratch, or lick) to an animal that is known, or thought, to have rabies. This is called post-exposure prophylaxis. Rabies vaccine may also be given ahead of time to persons who have a high risk of getting infected with rabies virus. These persons include veterinarians, animal handlers, or travelers who will spend more than 1 month in countries having a high rate of rabies infection, and persons who live, work, or take vacations in wild areas of the country where they are likely to come into contact with wild animals. This is called pre-exposure prophylaxis. Rabies infection is a serious, and often fatal, infection. In the U.S., rabies in wild animals, especially raccoons, skunks, foxes, and bats, accounts for most cases of rabies passed on to humans, pets, and other domestic animals. In Canada, the animals most often infected with rabies are foxes, skunks, bats, dogs, and cats. Horses, ...
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Download Agrarian Animals Domestic Farming, breeding, domestic, day...Download Agrarian Animals Domestic Farming, breeding, domestic, day...

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Mites of domestic animals - WikipediaMites of domestic animals - Wikipedia

Close attention to domestic animals is necessary, including regular hand grooming of companion animals. This enables early ... A variety of mites cause mild dermatitis in their hosts and biting nuisance and disgust to the owners of domestic animals. ... Mites that infest and parasitize domestic animals cause disease and loss of production. Mites are small invertebrates, most of ... Compared to ticks and insects of domestic animals the parasitic mites are of limited importance as transmitters (vectors) of ...
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Artificial cloning of domestic animals | PNASArtificial cloning of domestic animals | PNAS

Artificial cloning of domestic animals. Carol L. Keefer. PNAS July 21, 2015 112 (29) 8874-8878; first published July 21, 2015 ... SCNT in domestic animals has been used to study the potential of regenerative medicine. For example, cloned pigs have served as ... Domestic animals can be cloned using techniques such as embryo splitting and nuclear transfer to produce genetically identical ... In this review, I provide a broad overview of the historical development of cloning in domestic animals, of its application to ...
more infohttps://www.pnas.org/content/112/29/8874?ijkey=049f3b1c3f32b40524c620b348237f176f822286&keytype2=tf_ipsecsha

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Hazards for Domestic AnimalsHazards for Domestic Animals

... SCC associated with ambient solar exposure has been reported in cattle, horses, cats, sheep, goats ... Other effects in domestic animals that may increase under ozone depletion include exacerbation of infectious bovine ...
more infohttp://sedac.ciesin.org/ozone/docs/UNEP98/UNEP98p16.html

Articles, tagged with domestic animalsArticles, tagged with "domestic animals"

Among all the domestic animals, the horse is one of the most majestic and multi-purpose animals. The oldest means of transport ... It is incredibly widespread in households about the world to incorporate dogs and also other domestic animals into the family ... Animals And Birds Should Be Cage Free. 04th September 2008. It probably began in the past when man began to understand the ... Protect Small Animals from Heartworm!. 25th October 2012. Heartworm is a kind of parasitic roundworm called dirofilaria immitis ...
more infohttp://www.articlealley.com/tags-60518.html

Brazilian Domestic Animals Action - WSPA USABrazilian Domestic Animals Action - WSPA USA

Brazils animals are in very serious, very immediate danger.. The ONLY nationwide law making animal cruelty a crime is under ... A bill seeking to revise current law by decriminalizing cruelty to "domestic or domesticated animals" has been put before ... Animal welfare will be set back by decades. The potential for animal suffering to increase is horrifying. ... Animal lovers and advocates who report a dog being beaten or a horse being starved will see little or no action taken. These ...
more infohttp://e-activist.com/ea-action/action?ea.client.id=24&ea.campaign.id=5827

Domestic Animals by Richard L. Allen - Free eBookDomestic Animals by Richard L. Allen - Free eBook

Domestic Animals by Richard L. Allen. with directions for theirmanagement, breeding, crossing, rearing, feeding, andpreparation ... Domestic Animals. history and description of the horse, mule, cattle, sheep, swine, poultry and farm dogs. Download. select ... These qualities, technically called points, should be inbred in the animals as far as practicable, by a long line of descent ... So far is this principle carried by many experienced breeders, that they will use an animal of indifferent external appearance ...
more infohttp://manybooks.net/titles/allenrl3417534175-8.html

Reproduction in Domestic AnimalsReproduction in Domestic Animals

... the European Veterinary Society of Small Animal Reproduction (EVSSAR) and the Spanish Society of Animal Reproduction ... Official organ of the European Society for Domestic Animal Reproduction (ESDAR), ... Home , Journals , Reproduction in Domestic Animals View PDF. Reproduction in Domestic Animals. Editor(s): H. Rodriguez-Martinez ... Official organ of the European Society for Domestic Animal Reproduction (ESDAR), the European Veterinary Society of Small ...
more infohttp://ovid.com/site/catalog/journals/9891.jsp

NJLaw - Title 4 - Agriculture / Domestic Animals on the App StoreNJLaw - Title 4 - Agriculture / Domestic Animals on the App Store

Domestic Animals. Download NJLaw - Title 4 - Agriculture / Domestic Animals and enjoy it on your iPhone, iPad, and iPod touch. ... Domestic Animals - Title 4. A complete list of the laws listed within Title 4, the New Jersey Code Agriculture and Domestic ... NJLaw - Title 4 - Agriculture / Domestic Animals Support. Whats New in Version 5.0 This update improves the favorites feature ... To download the free app NJLaw - Title 4 - Agriculture / Domestic Animals by Kaboserv.com Development, get iTunes now. ...
more infohttps://itunes.apple.com/us/app/njlaw-series-title-4-animals/id500023483?ls=1&mt=8

Domestic animal behaviour and welfare | Open LibraryDomestic animal behaviour and welfare | Open Library

Domestic animal behaviour and welfare by Donald M. Broom; 2 editions; First published in 2007; Subjects: Animal welfare, ... Are you sure you want to remove Domestic animal behaviour and welfare from your list? ...
more infohttps://openlibrary.org/works/OL3941991W/Domestic_animal_behaviour_and_welfare

Animals (Domestic)Animals (Domestic)

... , Louis L. McAllister Photographs, Box B01, Folder 06, Item 01, http://cdi.uvm.edu/collections/item/ ...
more infohttp://cdi.uvm.edu/collections/getCollection.xql?pid=mcallister&rows=1&start=9&fq=genre_facet%3A

Domestic Animals in Iceland - NATDomestic Animals in Iceland - NAT

Domestic Animals in Iceland. Domestic Animals in Iceland Documented sources confirm that the settlers originally brought the ... Law and regulations concerning the import of domestic animals, pets and the aforementioned animals are very strict and to the ... Domestic Animals (5)**Fish Species (38)**Flora - Vegetation (2)**Geographical Information (3)**Geology (42)*Volcanoes (28) ... The domestic animals have survived without being crossed with foreign breeds to prevent inbreeding and its undesirable effects ...
more infohttps://www.nat.is/domestic-animals-in-iceland/

Domestic animals - Biodiversity Heritage LibraryDomestic animals - Biodiversity Heritage Library

Subjects: Animals, Domestic Diseases Domestic animals Glanders Pleuropneumonia Swine Swine Diseases Veterinary medicine ... the breeding of animals, and discovery in animal physiology : and the improvement of domestic animals / ... The law of animals : a treatise on property in animals, wild and domestic and the rights and responsibilities arising therefrom ... Parasites and parasitosis of the domestic animals : the zoölogy and control of the animal parasites and the pathogenesis and ...
more infohttps://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/subject/Domestic%20animals

Domestic animals: ideal models for studying complex charactersDomestic animals: ideal models for studying complex characters

Considering our domestic animals history, such populations are particularly well-adapted to the analysis of multifactor ... Numerous routinely assessed multifactor characters in domestic animals rely on metabolic pathways likely to be implied in human ... in the IGF2 gene follows the recent identification of two other genes shown to influence complex characters in domestic animals ... This is one of the reasons why domestic species genome sequencing - in addition to its agronomic impact - is very seriously ...
more infohttp://www.innovations-report.com/html/reports/life-sciences/report-22759.html

Free Domestic Animal Multiplication Worksheets | multiplication.comFree Domestic Animal Multiplication Worksheets | multiplication.com

Free Domestic Animal Multiplication Worksheets. Download and print our FREE Domestic Animals Secret Word Puzzle worksheets ...
more infohttp://www.multiplication.com/resources/free-domestic-animals-multiplication-worksheets

Textbook of Special Pathological Anatomy of Domestic Animals - 1st EditionTextbook of Special Pathological Anatomy of Domestic Animals - 1st Edition

Purchase Textbook of Special Pathological Anatomy of Domestic Animals - 1st Edition. Print Book & E-Book. ISBN 9781483232843, ... Textbook of Special Pathological Anatomy of Domestic Animals 1st Edition. 0.0 star rating Write a review ... Textbook of Special Pathological Anatomy of Domestic Animals should not be regarded merely as a textbook for students, but ...
more infohttps://www.elsevier.com/books/textbook-of-special-pathological-anatomy-of-domestic-animals/cohrs/978-1-4832-3284-3

Pyrantel Parasiticide Therapy in Humans and Domestic Animals - 1st EditionPyrantel Parasiticide Therapy in Humans and Domestic Animals - 1st Edition

Purchase Pyrantel Parasiticide Therapy in Humans and Domestic Animals - 1st Edition. Print Book & E-Book. ISBN 9780128014493, ... Pyrantel Parasiticide Therapy in Humans and Domestic Animals 1st Edition. Write a review ... Pyrantel Parasiticide Therapy in Humans and Domestic Animals presents a single source history and reference on the parasiticide ... Pyrantel, a nicotinic receptor agonist, has been used in domestic animal and human medicine since the 1970s to control two ...
more infohttps://www.elsevier.com/books/pyrantel-parasiticide-therapy-in-humans-and-domestic-animals/marchiondo/978-0-12-801449-3

Behavior of Domestic Animals | www.fivecolleges.eduBehavior of Domestic Animals | www.fivecolleges.edu

Behavior of Domestic Animals. Sect # Credits Instructor(s) Instructor Email Meeting Times Location ... The course contains an in-depth study of normal and abnormal behavior of farm and companion animals. Emphasis is placed upon ... the application of the course material as it applies to the practical aspects of the animal industry. Topics include ...
more infohttps://www.fivecolleges.edu/courses/details/node/34032
  • Textbook of Special Pathological Anatomy of Domestic Animals should not be regarded merely as a textbook for students, but rather as one which will also be of assistance to them in their later work, as well as to veterinarians generally working in the various branches of the profession, in the assessment of pathological changes. (elsevier.com)
  • This category is for animal hospitals, clinics, surgeries, individual practices or other facilities offering conventional Western medicine for animals and staffed by professional veterinarians. (dmoztools.net)
  • The identification of this mutation in the IGF2 gene follows the recent identification of two other genes shown to influence complex characters in domestic animals: the DGAT1 gene in bovines and the CLPG gene in sheep. (innovations-report.com)
  • Given the zoonotic potential of these parasites, pyrantel has served a dual role in helping to protect the health of both domestic animals and the public for more than 45 years. (elsevier.com)
  • Our Vet Clinic is a family practice level provider for animal health needs with a variety of services. (dmoztools.net)
  • Pyrantel, a nicotinic receptor agonist, has been used in domestic animal and human medicine since the 1970's to control two important nematode groups, the hookworms and the roundworms. (elsevier.com)
  • The life-cycle of mites begins with eggs are laid on the vertebrate animal host or within the nest or environment of the host. (wikipedia.org)
  • Even omitting most other forms of plant and animal life and focusing on vertebrates-animals with backbones-examples of clones abound in nature. (pnas.org)
  • It is unlawful for any person or firm to keep, maintain or permit on any parcel of land in the city under their control any animal or animals which by any sound shall disturb the peace and comfort of any neighborhood. (cityofsierramadre.com)
  • Moreover, as discussed in the following sections, SCNT in domestic animals will continue to provide promising scientific and practical insights through its application to transgenic and biomedical models. (pnas.org)
  • Emphasis is placed upon the application of the course material as it applies to the practical aspects of the animal industry. (fivecolleges.edu)
  • In cell biology, it is the propagation of a progenitor cell to obtain a population of genetically identical cells whereas, in animal biology, cloning refers to the production of genetic copies of individual animals using nuclear transfer. (pnas.org)
  • Documented sources confirm that the settlers originally brought the domesticated animals of Iceland to the country. (nat.is)