Animals, Domestic: Animals which have become adapted through breeding in captivity to a life intimately associated with humans. They include animals domesticated by humans to live and breed in a tame condition on farms or ranches for economic reasons, including LIVESTOCK (specifically CATTLE; SHEEP; HORSES; etc.), POULTRY; and those raised or kept for pleasure and companionship, e.g., PETS; or specifically DOGS; CATS; etc.Domestic Violence: Deliberate, often repetitive physical, verbal, and/or other types of abuse by one or more members against others of a household.Cat Diseases: Diseases of the domestic cat (Felis catus or F. domesticus). This term does not include diseases of the so-called big cats such as CHEETAHS; LIONS; tigers, cougars, panthers, leopards, and other Felidae for which the heading CARNIVORA is used.Animals, Wild: Animals considered to be wild or feral or not adapted for domestic use. It does not include wild animals in zoos for which ANIMALS, ZOO is available.Gross Domestic Product: Value of all final goods and services produced in a country in one year.Felidae: The cat family in the order CARNIVORA comprised of muscular, deep-chested terrestrial carnivores with a highly predatory lifestyle.Spouse Abuse: Deliberate severe and repeated injury to one domestic partner by the other.Sheep, Domestic: A species of sheep, Ovis aries, descended from Near Eastern wild forms, especially mouflon.Sus scrofa: A species of SWINE, in the family Suidae, comprising a number of subspecies including the domestic pig Sus scrofa domestica.DucksCarnivora: An order of MAMMALS, usually flesh eaters with appropriate dentition. Suborders include the terrestrial carnivores Fissipedia, and the aquatic carnivores PINNIPEDIA.Chickens: Common name for the species Gallus gallus, the domestic fowl, in the family Phasianidae, order GALLIFORMES. It is descended from the red jungle fowl of SOUTHEAST ASIA.Goats: Any of numerous agile, hollow-horned RUMINANTS of the genus Capra, in the family Bovidae, closely related to the SHEEP.Dog Diseases: Diseases of the domestic dog (Canis familiaris). This term does not include diseases of wild dogs, WOLVES; FOXES; and other Canidae for which the heading CARNIVORA is used.Battered Women: Women who are physically and mentally abused over an extended period, usually by a husband or other dominant male figure. Characteristics of the battered woman syndrome are helplessness, constant fear, and a perceived inability to escape. (From American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 3d ed)Housekeeping: The care and management of property.Ruminants: A suborder of the order ARTIODACTYLA whose members have the distinguishing feature of a four-chambered stomach, including the capacious RUMEN. Horns or antlers are usually present, at least in males.Dogs: The domestic dog, Canis familiaris, comprising about 400 breeds, of the carnivore family CANIDAE. They are worldwide in distribution and live in association with people. (Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, p1065)Disease Reservoirs: Animate or inanimate sources which normally harbor disease-causing organisms and thus serve as potential sources of disease outbreaks. Reservoirs are distinguished from vectors (DISEASE VECTORS) and carriers, which are agents of disease transmission rather than continuing sources of potential disease outbreaks.Poultry: Domesticated birds raised for food. It typically includes CHICKENS; TURKEYS, DUCKS; GEESE; and others.Triatoma: A genus of the subfamily TRIATOMINAE. Several species are vectors of TRYPANOSOMA CRUZI.Phylogeny: The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.Swine: Any of various animals that constitute the family Suidae and comprise stout-bodied, short-legged omnivorous mammals with thick skin, usually covered with coarse bristles, a rather long mobile snout, and small tail. Included are the genera Babyrousa, Phacochoerus (wart hogs), and Sus, the latter containing the domestic pig (see SUS SCROFA).Animal DiseasesCanidae: A family of terrestrial carnivores with long snouts and non-retractable claws. Members include COYOTES; DOGS; FOXES; JACKALS; RACCOON DOGS; and WOLVES.Pets: Animals kept by humans for companionship and enjoyment, as opposed to DOMESTIC ANIMALS such as livestock or farm animals, which are kept for economic reasons.Panthera: Genus in the family FELIDAE comprised of big felines including LIONS; TIGERS; jaguars; and the leopard.Influenza in Birds: Infection of domestic and wild fowl and other BIRDS with INFLUENZA A VIRUS. Avian influenza usually does not sicken birds, but can be highly pathogenic and fatal in domestic POULTRY.Horses: Large, hoofed mammals of the family EQUIDAE. Horses are active day and night with most of the day spent seeking and consuming food. Feeding peaks occur in the early morning and late afternoon, and there are several daily periods of rest.Housing: Living facilities for humans.Zoonoses: Diseases of non-human animals that may be transmitted to HUMANS or may be transmitted from humans to non-human animals.Sheep Diseases: Diseases of domestic and mountain sheep of the genus Ovis.Lions: Large, chiefly nocturnal mammals of the cat family FELIDAE, species Panthera leo. They are found in Africa and southern Asia.GeeseImmunodeficiency Virus, Feline: A species of LENTIVIRUS, subgenus feline lentiviruses (LENTIVIRUSES, FELINE) isolated from cats with a chronic wasting syndrome, presumed to be immune deficiency. There are 3 strains: Petaluma (FIP-P), Oma (FIP-O) and Puma lentivirus (PLV). There is no antigenic relationship between FIV and HIV, nor does FIV grow in human T-cells.Wolves: Any of several large carnivorous mammals of the family CANIDAE that usually hunt in packs.Birds: Warm-blooded VERTEBRATES possessing FEATHERS and belonging to the class Aves.Puma: A genus in the family FELIDAE comprising one species, Puma concolor. It is a large, long-tailed, feline of uniform color. The names puma, cougar, and mountain lion are used interchangeably for this species. There are more than 20 subspecies.Goat Diseases: Diseases of the domestic or wild goat of the genus Capra.Livestock: Domesticated farm animals raised for home use or profit but excluding POULTRY. Typically livestock includes CATTLE; SHEEP; HORSES; SWINE; GOATS; and others.Sheep: Any of the ruminant mammals with curved horns in the genus Ovis, family Bovidae. They possess lachrymal grooves and interdigital glands, which are absent in GOATS.Perissodactyla: An order of ungulates having an odd number of toes, including the horse, tapir, and rhinoceros. (Dorland, 27th ed)Piroplasmida: An order of protozoa comprising heteroxenous tick-borne blood parasites. Representative genera include BABESIA, Dactylosoma, and THEILERIA.Foxes: Any of several carnivores in the family CANIDAE, that possess erect ears and long bushy tails and are smaller than WOLVES. They are classified in several genera and found on all continents except Antarctica.Cattle: Domesticated bovine animals of the genus Bos, usually kept on a farm or ranch and used for the production of meat or dairy products or for heavy labor.Insect Vectors: Insects that transmit infective organisms from one host to another or from an inanimate reservoir to an animate host.Bird Diseases: Diseases of birds not considered poultry, therefore usually found in zoos, parks, and the wild. The concept is differentiated from POULTRY DISEASES which is for birds raised as a source of meat or eggs for human consumption, and usually found in barnyards, hatcheries, etc.Rupicapra: A genus of ruminants in the family Bovidae. The common name chamois usually refers to the species Rupicapra rupicapra. Rupicapra pyrenaica, found in the Pyrenees, is more properly referred to as the Pyrenean chamois.Species Specificity: The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Water Supply: Means or process of supplying water (as for a community) usually including reservoirs, tunnels, and pipelines and often the watershed from which the water is ultimately drawn. (Webster, 3d ed)Poultry Diseases: Diseases of birds which are raised as a source of meat or eggs for human consumption and are usually found in barnyards, hatcheries, etc. The concept is differentiated from BIRD DISEASES which is for diseases of birds not considered poultry and usually found in zoos, parks, and the wild.Sequence Analysis, DNA: A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.Mycoplasma conjunctivae: A species of gram-negative bacteria causing CONJUNCTIVITIS and KERATOCONJUNCTIVITIS in SHEEP and GOATS.Comb and Wattles: Fleshy and reddish outgrowth of skin tissue found on top of the head, attached to the sides of the head, and hanging from the mandible of birds such as turkeys and chickens.ArgentinaDeer: The family Cervidae of 17 genera and 45 species occurring nearly throughout North America, South America, and Eurasia, on most associated continental islands, and in northern Africa. Wild populations of deer have been established through introduction by people in Cuba, New Guinea, Australia, New Zealand, and other places where the family does not naturally occur. They are slim, long-legged and best characterized by the presence of antlers. Their habitat is forests, swamps, brush country, deserts, and arctic tundra. They are usually good swimmers; some migrate seasonally. (Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, p1362)Chagas Disease: Infection with the protozoan parasite TRYPANOSOMA CRUZI, a form of TRYPANOSOMIASIS endemic in Central and South America. It is named after the Brazilian physician Carlos Chagas, who discovered the parasite. Infection by the parasite (positive serologic result only) is distinguished from the clinical manifestations that develop years later, such as destruction of PARASYMPATHETIC GANGLIA; CHAGAS CARDIOMYOPATHY; and dysfunction of the ESOPHAGUS or COLON.Hair Color: Color of hair or fur.Lynx: A genus in the family FELIDAE comprising felines with long legs, ear tufts, and a short tail.Feline Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome: Acquired defect of cellular immunity that occurs in cats infected with feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) and in some cats infected with feline leukemia virus (FeLV).Genetic Variation: Genotypic differences observed among individuals in a population.ArtiodactylaSeroepidemiologic Studies: EPIDEMIOLOGIC STUDIES based on the detection through serological testing of characteristic change in the serum level of specific ANTIBODIES. Latent subclinical infections and carrier states can thus be detected in addition to clinically overt cases.African Swine Fever: A sometimes fatal ASFIVIRUS infection of pigs, characterized by fever, cough, diarrhea, hemorrhagic lymph nodes, and edema of the gallbladder. It is transmitted between domestic swine by direct contact, ingestion of infected meat, or fomites, or mechanically by biting flies or soft ticks (genus Ornithodoros).Cooking and Eating UtensilsFelis: Genus in the family FELIDAE comprised of small felines including the domestic cat, Felis catus (CATS) and its ancestor the wild cat, Felis silvestris.Breeding: The production of offspring by selective mating or HYBRIDIZATION, GENETIC in animals or plants.Rabies: Acute VIRAL CNS INFECTION affecting mammals, including humans. It is caused by RABIES VIRUS and usually spread by contamination with virus-laden saliva of bites inflicted by rabid animals. Important animal vectors include the dog, cat, bat, fox, raccoon, skunk, and wolf.Sewage: Refuse liquid or waste matter carried off by sewers.Lentivirus Infections: Virus diseases caused by the Lentivirus genus. They are multi-organ diseases characterized by long incubation periods and persistent infection.Sheep, Bighorn: A species of sheep, Ovis canadensis, characterized by massive brown horns. There are at least four subspecies and they are all endangered or threatened.Antelopes: Any of various ruminant mammals of the order Bovidae. They include numerous species in Africa and the American pronghorn.Triatominae: A subfamily of assassin bugs (REDUVIIDAE) that are obligate blood-suckers of vertebrates. Included are the genera TRIATOMA; RHODNIUS; and PANSTRONGYLUS, which are vectors of TRYPANOSOMA CRUZI, the agent of CHAGAS DISEASE in humans.Mandatory Reporting: A legal requirement that designated types of information acquired by professionals or institutions in the course of their work be reported to appropriate authorities.Buffaloes: Ruminants of the family Bovidae consisting of Bubalus arnee and Syncerus caffer. This concept is differentiated from BISON, which refers to Bison bison and Bison bonasus.Turkeys: Large woodland game BIRDS in the subfamily Meleagridinae, family Phasianidae, order GALLIFORMES. Formerly they were considered a distinct family, Melegrididae.Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Population Density: Number of individuals in a population relative to space.Ferrets: Semidomesticated variety of European polecat much used for hunting RODENTS and/or RABBITS and as a laboratory animal. It is in the subfamily Mustelinae, family MUSTELIDAE.Insect Control: The reduction or regulation of the population of noxious, destructive, or dangerous insects through chemical, biological, or other means.Cattle Diseases: Diseases of domestic cattle of the genus Bos. It includes diseases of cows, yaks, and zebus.DNA, Mitochondrial: Double-stranded DNA of MITOCHONDRIA. In eukaryotes, the mitochondrial GENOME is circular and codes for ribosomal RNAs, transfer RNAs, and about 10 proteins.BrazilCamels: Hoofed mammals with four legs, a big-lipped snout, and a humped back belonging to the family Camelidae.Swine Diseases: Diseases of domestic swine and of the wild boar of the genus Sus.Influenza A Virus, H5N1 Subtype: A subtype of INFLUENZA A VIRUS comprised of the surface proteins hemagglutinin 5 and neuraminidase 1. The H5N1 subtype, frequently referred to as the bird flu virus, is endemic in wild birds and very contagious among both domestic (POULTRY) and wild birds. It does not usually infect humans, but some cases have been reported.Animal Husbandry: The science of breeding, feeding and care of domestic animals; includes housing and nutrition.Bartonella: A genus of gram-negative bacteria characteristically appearing in chains of several segmenting organisms. It occurs in man and arthropod vectors and is found only in the Andes region of South America. This genus is the etiologic agent of human bartonellosis. The genus Rochalimaea, once considered a separate genus, has recently been combined with the genus Bartonella as a result of high levels of relatedness in 16S rRNA sequence data and DNA hybridization data.Equidae: A family of hoofed MAMMALS consisting of HORSES, donkeys, and zebras. Members of this family are strict herbivores and can be classified as either browsers or grazers depending on how they feed.Leukemia Virus, Feline: A species of GAMMARETROVIRUS causing leukemia, lymphosarcoma, immune deficiency, or other degenerative diseases in cats. Several cellular oncogenes confer on FeLV the ability to induce sarcomas (see also SARCOMA VIRUSES, FELINE).Fossil Fuels: Any combustible hydrocarbon deposit formed from the remains of prehistoric organisms. Examples are petroleum, coal, and natural gas.Geography: The science dealing with the earth and its life, especially the description of land, sea, and air and the distribution of plant and animal life, including humanity and human industries with reference to the mutual relations of these elements. (From Webster, 3d ed)Animal Population Groups: Animals grouped according to ecological, morphological or genetic populations.Disease Outbreaks: Sudden increase in the incidence of a disease. The concept includes EPIDEMICS and PANDEMICS.Feces: Excrement from the INTESTINES, containing unabsorbed solids, waste products, secretions, and BACTERIA of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM.Disease Vectors: Invertebrates or non-human vertebrates which transmit infective organisms from one host to another.Bison: A genus of the family Bovidae having two species: B. bison and B. bonasus. This concept is differentiated from BUFFALOES, which refers to Bubalus arnee and Syncerus caffer.Mite Infestations: Infestations with arthropods of the subclass ACARI, superorder Acariformes.Water Microbiology: The presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in water. This term is not restricted to pathogenic organisms.Hyaenidae: A family of large terrestrial carnivores possessing long legs, coarse guard hairs and a busy tail. It is comprised of hyenas and aardwolves.China: A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.Cloaca: A dilated cavity extended caudally from the hindgut. In adult birds, reptiles, amphibians, and many fishes but few mammals, cloaca is a common chamber into which the digestive, urinary and reproductive tracts discharge their contents. In most mammals, cloaca gives rise to LARGE INTESTINE; URINARY BLADDER; and GENITALIA.Polymerase Chain Reaction: In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.Accidents, HomeHygiene: The science dealing with the establishment and maintenance of health in the individual and the group. It includes the conditions and practices conducive to health. (Webster, 3d ed)Water Pollution: Contamination of bodies of water (such as LAKES; RIVERS; SEAS; and GROUNDWATER.)Women's Rights: The rights of women to equal status pertaining to social, economic, and educational opportunities afforded by society.IndiaRural Population: The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.Women's Health Services: Organized services to provide health care to women. It excludes maternal care services for which MATERNAL HEALTH SERVICES is available.Health Expenditures: The amounts spent by individuals, groups, nations, or private or public organizations for total health care and/or its various components. These amounts may or may not be equivalent to the actual costs (HEALTH CARE COSTS) and may or may not be shared among the patient, insurers, and/or employers.Heating: The application of heat to raise the temperature of the environment, ambient or local, or the systems for accomplishing this effect. It is distinguished from HEAT, the physical property and principle of physics.Protozoan Infections, Animal: Infections with unicellular organisms formerly members of the subkingdom Protozoa. The infections may be experimental or veterinary.Animals, ZooEconomic Development: Mobilization of human, financial, capital, physical and or natural resources to generate goods and services.Rhodnius: A genus of the subfamily TRIATOMINAE. Rhodnius prolixus is a vector for TRYPANOSOMA CRUZI.Cluster Analysis: A set of statistical methods used to group variables or observations into strongly inter-related subgroups. In epidemiology, it may be used to analyze a closely grouped series of events or cases of disease or other health-related phenomenon with well-defined distribution patterns in relation to time or place or both.Trypanosoma cruzi: The agent of South American trypanosomiasis or CHAGAS DISEASE. Its vertebrate hosts are man and various domestic and wild animals. Insects of several species are vectors.Ticks: Blood-sucking acarid parasites of the order Ixodida comprising two families: the softbacked ticks (ARGASIDAE) and hardbacked ticks (IXODIDAE). Ticks are larger than their relatives, the MITES. They penetrate the skin of their host by means of highly specialized, hooked mouth parts and feed on its blood. Ticks attack all groups of terrestrial vertebrates. In humans they are responsible for many TICK-BORNE DISEASES, including the transmission of ROCKY MOUNTAIN SPOTTED FEVER; TULAREMIA; BABESIOSIS; AFRICAN SWINE FEVER; and RELAPSING FEVER. (From Barnes, Invertebrate Zoology, 5th ed, pp543-44)Cooking: The art or practice of preparing food. It includes the preparation of special foods for diets in various diseases.Rodentia: A mammalian order which consists of 29 families and many genera.Household Products: Substances or materials used in the course of housekeeping or personal routine.Base Sequence: The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.Rabies Vaccines: Vaccines or candidate vaccines used to prevent and treat RABIES. The inactivated virus vaccine is used for preexposure immunization to persons at high risk of exposure, and in conjunction with rabies immunoglobulin, for postexposure prophylaxis.EuropeSanitation: The development and establishment of environmental conditions favorable to the health of the public.Keratoconjunctivitis, Infectious: Infectious diseases of cattle, sheep, and goats, characterized by blepharospasm, lacrimation, conjunctivitis, and varying degrees of corneal opacity and ulceration. In cattle the causative agent is MORAXELLA (MORAXELLA) BOVIS; in sheep, MYCOPLASMA; RICKETTSIA; CHLAMYDIA; or ACHOLEPLASMA; in goats, RICKETTSIA.Seasons: Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)History, Ancient: The period of history before 500 of the common era.Reassortant Viruses: Viruses containing two or more pieces of nucleic acid (segmented genome) from different parents. Such viruses are produced in cells coinfected with different strains of a given virus.Bites and StingsMicrosatellite Repeats: A variety of simple repeat sequences that are distributed throughout the GENOME. They are characterized by a short repeat unit of 2-8 basepairs that is repeated up to 100 times. They are also known as short tandem repeats (STRs).United StatesPsychodidae: Small, hairy, moth-like flies which are of considerable public health importance as vectors of certain pathogenic organisms. Important disease-related genera are PHLEBOTOMUS, Lutzomyia, and Sergentomyia.Population Control: Includes mechanisms or programs which control the numbers of individuals in a population of humans or animals.Siphonaptera: An order of parasitic, blood-sucking, wingless INSECTS with the common name of fleas.Mongolia: The country is bordered by RUSSIA on the north and CHINA on the west, south, and east. The capita is Ulaanbaatar.Garbage: Discarded animal and vegetable matter from a kitchen or the refuse from food preparation. (From Random House College Dictionary, 1982)Rodent Diseases: Diseases of rodents of the order RODENTIA. This term includes diseases of Sciuridae (squirrels), Geomyidae (gophers), Heteromyidae (pouched mice), Castoridae (beavers), Cricetidae (rats and mice), Muridae (Old World rats and mice), Erethizontidae (porcupines), and Caviidae (guinea pigs).Haplotypes: The genetic constitution of individuals with respect to one member of a pair of allelic genes, or sets of genes that are closely linked and tend to be inherited together such as those of the MAJOR HISTOCOMPATIBILITY COMPLEX.Developing Countries: Countries in the process of change with economic growth, that is, an increase in production, per capita consumption, and income. The process of economic growth involves better utilization of natural and human resources, which results in a change in the social, political, and economic structures.Bonding, Human-Pet: The emotional attachment of individuals to PETS.Socioeconomic Factors: Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.Horse Diseases: Diseases of domestic and wild horses of the species Equus caballus.Asia: The largest of the continents. It was known to the Romans more specifically as what we know today as Asia Minor. The name comes from at least two possible sources: from the Assyrian asu (to rise) or from the Sanskrit usa (dawn), both with reference to its being the land of the rising sun, i.e., eastern as opposed to Europe, to the west. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p82 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p34)Tick Infestations: Infestations with soft-bodied (Argasidae) or hard-bodied (Ixodidae) ticks.African Swine Fever Virus: The lone species of the genus Asfivirus. It infects domestic and wild pigs, warthogs, and bushpigs. Disease is endemic in domestic swine in many African countries and Sardinia. Soft ticks of the genus Ornithodoros are also infected and act as vectors.Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Ectoparasitic Infestations: Infestations by PARASITES which live on, or burrow into, the surface of their host's EPIDERMIS. Most ectoparasites are ARTHROPODS.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Influenza A Virus, H9N2 Subtype: A subtype of INFLUENZA A VIRUS comprised of the surface proteins hemagglutinin 9 and neuraminidase 2. The H9N2 subtype usually infects domestic birds (POULTRY) but there have been some human infections reported.Economics: The science of utilization, distribution, and consumption of services and materials.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Archaeology: The scientific study of past societies through artifacts, fossils, etc.Agouti Signaling Protein: A secreted protein of approximately 131 amino acids (depending on species) that regulates the synthesis of eumelanin (brown/black) pigments in MELANOCYTES. Agouti protein antagonizes the signaling of MELANOCORTIN RECEPTORS and has wide distribution including ADIPOSE TISSUE; GONADS; and HEART. Its overexpression in agouti mice results in uniform yellow coat color, OBESITY, and metabolic defects similar to type II diabetes in humans.Waste Products: Debris resulting from a process that is of no further use to the system producing it. The concept includes materials discharged from or stored in a system in inert form as a by-product of vital activities. (From Webster's New Collegiate Dictionary, 1981)Mammals: Warm-blooded vertebrate animals belonging to the class Mammalia, including all that possess hair and suckle their young.EcuadorCommerce: The interchange of goods or commodities, especially on a large scale, between different countries or between populations within the same country. It includes trade (the buying, selling, or exchanging of commodities, whether wholesale or retail) and business (the purchase and sale of goods to make a profit). (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, p411, p2005 & p283)Egg Shell: A hard or leathery calciferous exterior covering of an egg.Astroviridae: A family of RNA viruses with two genera: MAMASTROVIRUS and AVASTROVIRUS. They cause GASTROENTERITIS in humans and also infect other vertebrates.Air Pollution, Indoor: The contamination of indoor air.Genome: The genetic complement of an organism, including all of its GENES, as represented in its DNA, or in some cases, its RNA.Q Fever: An acute infectious disease caused by COXIELLA BURNETII. It is characterized by a sudden onset of FEVER; HEADACHE; malaise; and weakness. In humans, it is commonly contracted by inhalation of infected dusts derived from infected domestic animals (ANIMALS, DOMESTIC).Rabies virus: The type species of LYSSAVIRUS causing rabies in humans and other animals. Transmission is mostly by animal bites through saliva. The virus is neurotropic multiplying in neurons and myotubes of vertebrates.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Agriculture: The science, art or practice of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raising livestock.Imprinting (Psychology): A particular kind of learning characterized by occurrence in very early life, rapidity of acquisition, and relative insusceptibility to forgetting or extinction. Imprinted behavior includes most (or all) behavior commonly called instinctive, but imprinting is used purely descriptively.Endangered Species: An animal or plant species in danger of extinction. Causes can include human activity, changing climate, or change in predator/prey ratios.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Criminal Law: A branch of law that defines criminal offenses, regulates the apprehension, charging and trial of suspected persons, and fixes the penalties and modes of treatment applicable to convicted offenders.Genotype: The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.BoliviaCommunicable Diseases, Emerging: Infectious diseases that are novel in their outbreak ranges (geographic and host) or transmission mode.Bartonella henselae: A species of gram-negative bacteria that is the etiologic agent of bacillary angiomatosis (ANGIOMATOSIS, BACILLARY). This organism can also be a cause of CAT-SCRATCH DISEASE in immunocompetent patients.VenezuelaAnseriformes: An order of BIRDS comprising the waterfowl, particularly DUCKS; GEESE; swans; and screamers.Antibodies, Viral: Immunoglobulins produced in response to VIRAL ANTIGENS.Middle East: The region of southwest Asia and northeastern Africa usually considered as extending from Libya on the west to Afghanistan on the east. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988)Conservation of Natural Resources: The protection, preservation, restoration, and rational use of all resources in the total environment.Fatal Outcome: Death resulting from the presence of a disease in an individual, as shown by a single case report or a limited number of patients. This should be differentiated from DEATH, the physiological cessation of life and from MORTALITY, an epidemiological or statistical concept.Population Dynamics: The pattern of any process, or the interrelationship of phenomena, which affects growth or change within a population.Influenza A virus: The type species of the genus INFLUENZAVIRUS A that causes influenza and other diseases in humans and animals. Antigenic variation occurs frequently between strains, allowing classification into subtypes and variants. Transmission is usually by aerosol (human and most non-aquatic hosts) or waterborne (ducks). Infected birds shed the virus in their saliva, nasal secretions, and feces.Hybridization, Genetic: The genetic process of crossbreeding between genetically dissimilar parents to produce a hybrid.Anomie: A state of social disorganization and demoralization in society which is largely the result of disharmony between cultural goals and the means for attaining them. This may be reflected in the behavior of the individual in many ways - non-conformity, social withdrawal, deviant behavior, etc.Spain: Parliamentary democracy located between France on the northeast and Portugual on the west and bordered by the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea.Trombiculidae: Family of MITES in the superfamily Trombiculoidea, suborder Prostigmata, which attack humans and other vertebrates, causing DERMATITIS and severe allergic reactions. Chiggers, red bugs, and harvest mites commonly refer to the larval stage of Trombiculid mites, the only parasitic stage of the mite's life cycle.Evolution, Molecular: The process of cumulative change at the level of DNA; RNA; and PROTEINS, over successive generations.DNA, Protozoan: Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of protozoa.Veterinary Medicine: The medical science concerned with the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases in animals.Feline Panleukopenia: A highly contagious DNA virus infection of the cat family, characterized by fever, enteritis and bone marrow changes. It is also called feline ataxia, feline agranulocytosis, feline infectious enteritis, cat fever, cat plague, and show fever. It is caused by FELINE PANLEUKOPENIA VIRUS or the closely related MINK ENTERITIS VIRUS or CANINE PARVOVIRUS.Women, Working: Women who are engaged in gainful activities usually outside the home.Environmental Exposure: The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents in the environment or to environmental factors that may include ionizing radiation, pathogenic organisms, or toxic chemicals.Sanitary Engineering: A branch of engineering concerned with the design, construction, and maintenance of environmental facilities conducive to public health, such as water supply and waste disposal.Homemaker Services: Non-medical support services, such as food preparation and bathing, given by trained personnel to disabled, sick or convalescent individuals in their home.Aortic Bodies: Small clusters of chemoreceptive and supporting cells located near the ARCH OF THE AORTA; the PULMONARY ARTERIES; and the CORONARY ARTERIES. The aortic bodies sense PH; CARBON DIOXIDE; and OXYGEN concentrations in the BLOOD and participate in the control of RESPIRATION. The aortic bodies should not be confused with the PARA-AORTIC BODIES in the abdomen (which are sometimes also called aortic bodies).Columbidae: Family in the order COLUMBIFORMES, comprised of pigeons or doves. They are BIRDS with short legs, stout bodies, small heads, and slender bills. Some sources call the smaller species doves and the larger pigeons, but the names are interchangeable.Family Characteristics: Size and composition of the family.Air Sacs: Thin-walled sacs or spaces which function as a part of the respiratory system in birds, fishes, insects, and mammals.Camelids, New World: Ruminant mammals of South America. They are related to camels.

The importance of genetic diversity in livestock populations of the future. (1/1610)

Farm animal genetic diversity is required to meet current production needs in various environments, to allow sustained genetic improvement, and to facilitate rapid adaptation to changing breeding objectives. Production efficiency in pastoral species is closely tied to the use of diverse genetic types, but greater genetic uniformity has evolved in intensively raised species. In poultry, breeding decisions are directed by a few multinational companies and involve intense selection, the use of distinct production lines, and very large populations. In dairy cattle, the Holstein breed dominates production. Intensive sire selection is leading to relatively rapid inbreeding rates and raises questions about long-term effects of genetic drift. Key questions in management of farm animal genetic diversity involve the distribution of potentially useful quantitative trait locus alleles among global livestock breeds. Experiments with tomato, maize, and mice suggest that favorable alleles can exist in otherwise lowly productive stocks; this cryptic variation may potentially contribute to future selection response. Genetic improvement under relatively intense unidirectional selection may involve both increases in the frequency of favorable additive alleles as well as the progressive breakdown of homeostatic regulatory mechanisms established under the stabilizing selection that is characteristic of natural populations. Recombination among closely linked regulatory loci and new, potentially favorable mutations are possible sources of long-term genetic variation. A greater understanding of the potential that these alternative mechanisms have for supporting long-term genetic improvement and of genetic relationships among global livestock populations are priorities for managing farm animal genetic diversity.  (+info)

Mechanical maceration of alfalfa. (2/1610)

Maceration is an intensive forage-conditioning process that can increase field drying rates by as much as 300%. Because maceration shreds the forage and reduces its rigidity, improvements in bulk density, silage compaction, and ensiling characteristics have been observed. Macerating forage also increases the surface area available for microbial attachment in the rumen, thereby increasing forage digestibility and animal performance. Feeding trials with sheep have shown increases in DMI of 5 to 31% and increases in DM digestibility of from 14 to 16 percentage units. Lactation studies have demonstrated increases in milk production and BW gain for lactating Holstein cows; however, there is a consistent decrease in milk fat percentage when dairy cattle are fed macerated forage. In vitro studies have shown that maceration decreases lag time associated with NDF digestion and increases rate of NDF digestion. In situ digestibility studies have shown that maceration increases the size of the instantly soluble DM pool and decreases lag time associated with NDF digestion, but it may not consistently alter the rate or extent of DM and NDF digestion.  (+info)

The Parkes Lecture. Heat and the testis. (3/1610)

The evidence for the lower temperature of the testes of many mammals is summarized, and the reasons suggested for the descent of the testes into a scrotum are discussed. Descriptions are given of the various techniques used for studying the effects of heat on the testis, whole body heating, local heating of the testes (by inducing cryptorchidism, scrotal insulation or immersion of the scrotum in a water bath), and heating of tissue or cell preparations in vitro. The effects of heat are discussed, effects on the testis (weight, histology, physiology, biochemistry and endocrinology), on the numbers and motility of spermatozoa in rete testis fluid and semen, on fertilizing ability of spermatozoa and on the subsequent development of the embryos produced when spermatozoa from heated testes are used to fertilize normal ova. The possible mechanisms for the damaging effects of heat are discussed, as well as the importance of heat-induced abnormalities in male reproduction in domestic animals and humans.  (+info)

The role of domestic factors and day-care attendance on lung function of primary school children. (4/1610)

The results of studies examining the relationship of domestic factors to lung function are contradictory. We therefore examined the independent effects of maternal smoking during pregnancy, exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS), the presence of a cat, type of heating and cooking used in the home and day-care attendance on lung function after controlling for socioeconomic status (SES). Nine hundred and eighty-nine children from 18 Montreal schools were studied between April 1990 and November 1992. Information on the child's health and exposure to domestic factors was collected by questionnaire. Spirometry was performed at school. The data were analysed by multiple linear regression with percent predicted FEV1, FVC, and FEV1/FVC as dependent variables. In the overall sample (both sexes combined), cat in the home (regression coefficient, beta = -1.15, 95% confidence interval, CI: -2.26-(-)0.05) and electric baseboard units (beta = -1.26, 95% CI: -2.39-(-)0.13) were independently associated with a lower FEV1/FVC, while day-care attendance (beta = -2.05, 95% CI: -3.71-(-)0.40) significantly reduced FEV1. Household ETS was significantly associated with increasing level of FVC (beta = 2.86, 95% CI: +0.55 to +5.17). In boys but not girls, household ETS (beta = -2.13, 95% CI: -4.07-(-)0.19) and the presence of a cat (beta = -2.19, 95% CI: -3.94-(-)0.45) were associated with lower FEV1/FVC. By contrast, day-care attendance was associated with lower FEV1 (beta = -2.92, 95% CI: -5.27-(-)0.56) and FEV1/FVC (beta = -1.53, 95% CI: -2.73-(-)0.33) in girls only. In conclusion, the results provide evidence that domestic factors and day-care attendance primarily affected airway caliber and gender differences were apparent in the effects of these factors.  (+info)

Pathogenesis of cancrum oris (noma): confounding interactions of malnutrition with infection. (5/1610)

This study showed that impoverished Nigerian children at risk for cancrum oris (noma) had significantly reduced plasma concentrations of zinc (< 10.8 micromol/L), retinol (< 1.05 micromol/L), ascorbate (< 11 micromol/L), and the essential amino acids, with prominently increased plasma and saliva levels of free cortisol, compared with their healthy counterparts. The nutrient deficiencies, in concert with previously reported widespread viral infections (measles, herpesviruses) in the children, would impair oral mucosal immunity. We postulate, subject to additional studies, that evolution of the oral mucosal ulcers including acute necrotizing gingivitis to noma is triggered by a consortium of microorganisms of which Fusobacterium necrophorum is a key component. Fusobacterium necrophorum elaborates several dermonecrotic toxic metabolites and is acquired by the impoverished children via fecal contamination resulting from shared residential facilities with animals and very poor environmental sanitation.  (+info)

Preventing zoonotic diseases in immunocompromised persons: the role of physicians and veterinarians. (6/1610)

We surveyed physicians and veterinarians in Wisconsin about the risk for and prevention of zoonotic diseases in immunocompromised persons. We found that physicians and veterinarians hold significantly different views about the risks posed by certain infectious agents and species of animals and communicate very little about zoonotic issues; moreover, physicians believe that veterinarians should be involved in many aspects of zoonotic disease prevention, including patient education.  (+info)

A 105- to 94-kilodalton protein in the epididymal fluids of domestic mammals is angiotensin I-converting enzyme (ACE); evidence that sperm are the source of this ACE. (7/1610)

SDS-PAGE analysis of luminal fluid from the ram testis and epididymis revealed a protein of about 105 kDa in the fluid in the caput epididymal region. The molecular mass of this fluid protein shifted from 105 kDa to 94 kDa in the distal caput epididymidis and remained at 94 kDa in the lower regions of the epididymis. The possible sperm origin of this protein was suggested by the decrease in intensity of a 105-kDa compound on the sperm plasma membrane extract and by its total disappearance from the fluid of animals with impaired sperm production caused by scrotal heating. The 94-kDa protein was purified from ram cauda epididymal fluid, and a rabbit polyclonal antiserum was obtained. This antiserum showed that membranes of testicular sperm and sperm from the initial caput were positive for the presence of an immunologically related antigen. The protein was immunolocalized mainly on the flagellar intermediate piece, whereas in some corpus and caudal sperm, only the apical ridge of the acrosomal vesicle was labeled. The purified protein was microsequenced: its N-terminal was not found in the sequence database, but its tryptic fragments matched the sequence of the angiotensin I-converting enzyme (ACE). Indeed, the purified 94-kDa protein exhibited a carboxypeptidase activity inhibited by specific blockers of ACE. All the soluble seminal plasma ACE activity in the ram was attributable to the 94-kDa epididymal fluid ACE. The polyclonal antiserum also showed that a soluble form of ACE appeared specifically in the caput epididymal fluid of the boar, stallion, and bull. This soluble form was responsible for all the ACE activity observed in the fluid from the distal caput to the cauda epididymidis in these species. Our results strongly suggest that the epididymal fluid ACE derives from the germinal form of ACE that is liberated from the testicular sperm in a specific epididymal area.  (+info)

La roca magica: uses of natural zeolites in agriculture and industry. (8/1610)

For nearly 200 years since their discovery in 1756, geologists considered the zeolite minerals to occur as fairly large crystals in the vugs and cavities of basalts and other traprock formations. Here, they were prized by mineral collectors, but their small abundance and polymineralic nature defied commercial exploitation. As the synthetic zeolite (molecular sieve) business began to take hold in the late 1950s, huge beds of zeolite-rich sediments, formed by the alteration of volcanic ash (glass) in lake and marine waters, were discovered in the western United States and elsewhere in the world. These beds were found to contain as much as 95% of a single zeolite; they were generally flat-lying and easily mined by surface methods. The properties of these low-cost natural materials mimicked those of many of their synthetic counterparts, and considerable effort has made since that time to develop applications for them based on their unique adsorption, cation-exchange, dehydration-rehydration, and catalytic properties. Natural zeolites (i.e., those found in volcanogenic sedimentary rocks) have been and are being used as building stone, as lightweight aggregate and pozzolans in cements and concretes, as filler in paper, in the take-up of Cs and Sr from nuclear waste and fallout, as soil amendments in agronomy and horticulture, in the removal of ammonia from municipal, industrial, and agricultural waste and drinking waters, as energy exchangers in solar refrigerators, as dietary supplements in animal diets, as consumer deodorizers, in pet litters, in taking up ammonia from animal manures, and as ammonia filters in kidney-dialysis units. From their use in construction during Roman times, to their role as hydroponic (zeoponic) substrate for growing plants on space missions, to their recent success in the healing of cuts and wounds, natural zeolites are now considered to be full-fledged mineral commodities, the use of which promise to expand even more in the future.  (+info)

A new study led by Professor Ludovic Orlando and published in Science unveils the secrets of horse breeding by Iron Age Scythian nomads. The genomes reconstructed from 14 archaeological horses also provide important insights into the process of animal domestication, supporting changes in the neural crest development pathway as key to the emergence of common domestic traits and revealing major changes in breeding practice during the last 2,300 years.
Domestic Animal Behavior, Fifth Edition is a fully updated revision of this popular, classic text. Maintaining the foundation of earlier editions, chapters examine key behavior issues ranging from communication to social structure. Each chapter covers a wide variety of domestic animals including cats, dogs, horses, pigs, sheep, and cattle.Fifth Edition also expands its coverage on new key areas of behavior research, including cognition and the genetics of behavior, and provides valuable, current information on normal and aberrant behaviors. Domestic Animal Behavior, Fifth Edition is a must-have resource for veterinarians and animal scientists seeking a more thorough understanding of the principles of animal behavior.
Many species of flies of the two-winged type, Order Diptera, such as mosquitoes, horse-flies, blow-flies and warble-flies cause direct parasitic disease to domestic animals, and transmit organisms that cause diseases. These infestations and infections cause distress to companion animals, and in livestock industry the financial costs of these diseases are high. These problems occur wherever domestic animals are reared. This article provides an overview of parasitic flies from a veterinary perspective, with emphasis on the disease causing relationships between these flies and their host animals. The article is organized following the taxonomic hierarchy of these flies in the Phylum Arthropoda, Order Insecta. Families and genera of dipteran flies are emphasized rather than many individual species. Disease caused by the feeding activity of the flies is described here under Parasitic disease. Disease caused by small pathogenic organisms that pass from the flies to domestic animals is described here ...
Nomadic Scythian herders roamed vast areas spanning the Central Asian steppes during the Iron Age (from approximately the ninth to the first century BCE (Before Common Era)). They were known for their exceptional equestrian skills, and their leaders were buried with sacrificed stallions at grand funerary ceremonies. The genomes of a few of these equids were fully sequenced as part of this study, so as to form a better understanding of the relations that the Scythian people developed with their horses.
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Domestic animal behaviour and welfare by Donald M. Broom; 2 editions; First published in 2007; Subjects: Animal welfare, Behavior, Domestic animals, Pets
Today we are a great distance from the ecological situation of medieval Italy. With the aid of capital and industry, we humans have become so practiced, and coldly efficient, in matters of animal domestication that we now have health insurance on offer for wealthy domestic pets while billions of other creatures in our care are heedlessly slaughtered. Our domestication practices are a mess. Read More ...
Read reviews, compare customer ratings, see screenshots, and learn more about NJLaw - Title 4 - Agriculture / Domestic Animals. Download NJLaw - Title 4 - Agriculture / Domestic Animals and enjoy it on your iPhone, iPad, and iPod touch.
Scientists at the Earlham Institute (EI) in the UK have been looking into microRNAs (miRNAs) and the role these "genetic orchestra conductors" may play in the evolution of gene regulation. Recently, their research has focused on the miRNAs of five domestic mammal species (cows, dogs, horses, pigs, and rabbits) and compared these species miRNAs to a dataset of annotated miRNAs to identify which miRNAs had evolved more recently and are present in only a few species rather than across all mammals. The researchers found that many of the more recently evolved miRNAs "appear to be specific to either the cow or the dog" and that there may be "an involvement of these miRNAs in the domestication process." Here, those interested may read the scientific article resulting from EIs research, which was published in the open-access journal Scientific Reports in November 2018. EI (formerly known as the Genome Analysis Centre) is a life science research institute that uses "computational science and ...
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Millions of farm animals are reared across the globe every year for their meat, milk, eggs, etc. Besides the commonly known farm animals like hens, cows, buffaloes, horses, pigs, sheep, etc., there are plenty of other animals reared on farms. Some of the not-so-commonly known farm animals are gayal, rhea, alpaca, banteng, etc. Learn more about farm animals from the articles provided below.. ...
Looking for Farm Animals, Age of? Find out information about Farm Animals, Age of. important criterion of the economic value of an animal. The growth of an animal begins from the embryonic or uterine period, the average length of which is... Explanation of Farm Animals, Age of
Rent textbook Domestic Animal Behavior for Veterinarians and Animal Scientists by Houpt, Katherine A. - 9780813816760. Price: $57.01
The UKs Chief Veterinary Officer has confirmed that the virus responsible for COVID-19 has been detected in a pet cat in the UK.. The infection was confirmed following tests at the Animal and Plant Health Agency (APHA) laboratory in Weybridge on Wednesday 22 July.. Although this is the first confirmed case of an animal infection with the coronavirus strain in the UK, there is no evidence to suggest that the animal was involved in transmission of the disease to its owners or that pets or other domestic animals are able to transmit the virus to people.. The advice from Public Health England is for people to wash their hands regularly, including before and after contact with animals.. All available evidence suggests that the cat contracted the coronavirus from its owners who had previously tested positive for COVID-19. The cat and its owners have since made a full recovery and there was no transmission to other animals or people in the household.. Chief Veterinary Officer Christine Middlemiss ...
Draw in 4 steps This packet contains 10 pages with instructions to draw pet animals. Your student will need an empty sheet to draw and color his animal. 10 domestic animals: * fish * cat * dog * duck * mouse * budgie * turtle * rabbit * parrot * hamster
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There is no plague risk to the general public or anyone at CSU, said Katie ODonnell who works with Larimer County Public Health.. Students and staff at the Fort Collins veterinary clinic who treated the dog were identified and health officials are working with those people for preventative measures based on how much contact they had with the dog.. Anyone who was exposed to the dog does not pose a health risk to anyone else, unless they begin to show illness, such as high fever.. Officials believe the dog mightve contracted the disease when it sniffed a dead prairie dog a few days before it was admitted to the veterinarian.. In 2017, six other domestic pets got the plague.. Larimer County Public Health officials stressed that the plague rarely developed in humans and is treatable if caught early.. ...
There is no plague risk to the general public or anyone at CSU, said Katie ODonnell who works with Larimer County Public Health.. Students and staff at the Fort Collins veterinary clinic who treated the dog were identified and health officials are working with those people for preventative measures based on how much contact they had with the dog.. Anyone who was exposed to the dog does not pose a health risk to anyone else, unless they begin to show illness, such as high fever.. Officials believe the dog mightve contracted the disease when it sniffed a dead prairie dog a few days before it was admitted to the veterinarian.. In 2017, six other domestic pets got the plague.. Larimer County Public Health officials stressed that the plague rarely developed in humans and is treatable if caught early.. ...
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The real secret to becoming a top breeder of top producing AKC champion dogs or any other domestic species, is the simple genetic
An estimated 62% of all United States households have one or more pet and more than 38% of households with pets have children under the age of 18 (Beck, 2010). Although the total number of pets in the United States does not seem to be increasing (AVMA, 2012), the relationship between people and their pets is intensifying, with pets increasingly occupying more territory in the home (Lockey, 2012). The frequency with which individuals interact with animals poses a special problem for allergic...
In 2000, two E. coli O157:H7 outbreaks in Pennsylvania and Washington prompted CDC to establish recommendations for enteric disease prevention associated with farm animal contact. Risk factors identified in both outbreaks were direct animal contact and inadequate hand washing (14,64). In the Pennsylvania outbreak, 51 persons (median age: 4 years) became ill within 10 days after visiting a dairy farm. Eight (16%) of these patients acquired hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS), a potentially fatal consequence of STEC infection. The same strain of E. coli O157:H7 was isolated from cattle, patients, and the farm environment. An assessment of the farm environment determined that no areas separate from the animal contact areas existed for eating and drinking, and the hand-washing facilities were poorly maintained and not configured for children (14). The protective effect of hand washing and the persistence of organisms in the environment were demonstrated in an outbreak of Salmonella enterica serotype ...
TABLE OF PROVISIONS PART 1--PRELIMINARY 1. Purpose 2. Commencement 3. Definitions 4. Parent or guardian deemed to be owner 5. Governor in Council exemptions 5A. Applicable organisations and recognised organisations 6. Ministers power to delegate 6A. Secretarys power to delegate 7. Exemptions for guide dogs 8. Exemptions for dogs used by government authorities 9. Act binds the Crown PART 2--REGISTRATION OF DOGS AND CATS 10. Requirement to apply for registration 10A. Council may refuse to register dogs and cats unless desexed 10B. Dogs and cats that are exempt from desexing 10C. Refusal of registration of dogs and cats unless permanently identified 10D. Dogs and cats that are exempt from permanent identification 11. Period of registration 12. Agents for registration 12A. Dogs and cats must be permanently identified before sale or being given away 13. Notification of sale by domestic animal business 14. Application for registration or renewal of registration 15. Registration fees 16. Registration ...
Funny pet videos and domestic animals commercials. Watch advertisements for dog food and K9 products plus cat litter and feline stuff in these humorous vids and clips.
Dog is a domestic animal and known as the mans best friend. It is often served as pets or watchdogs. For some society, dog is also a source of meat.
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Buy Genome Mapping and Genomics in Domestic Animals (9783540738343): NHBS - Edited By: Noelle E Cockett and Chittaranjan Kole, Springer-Verlag
Animals Look is source on the Internet where you can easily find interesting, funny, bizarre and weird stories and pictures of both wild and domestic animals.
Animals Look is source on the Internet where you can easily find interesting, funny, bizarre and weird stories and pictures of both wild and domestic animals.
Free eBook: Domestic Animals by Richard L. Allen. with directions for theirmanagement, breeding, crossing, rearing, feeding, andpreparation for a profitable market; also their diseasesand remedies. Together with full directions for themanagement of the dairy.
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Functional Anatomy and Physiology of Domestic Animals 9780813814513 by William O. Reece. Publisher: Iowa State University Press. FREE shipping to most Australian states.
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Ranked 11th of the 25 most downloaded article of livestock science between January to December 2011 is the article Genetics of adaptation in domestic farm animals: A review. This review summarizes available information on genetics of adaptation in major livestock species focusing on small ruminants. Adaptation to humans and consequences of domestication on predator aversion,…
common fungal infection of the bearded area and surrounding skin of adolescent and adult males. The most common aetiologic agents are zoophilic species of T. verrucosum and T. mentagrophytes. It affects mainly individuals from rural areas in close contact with cattle or other domestic animals. The infection presents with purulent follicles, inflammatory papules, pustules, exsudate, and crusts.. ...
The Irish word for the month of May is Bealtine, and on the first day of this month two fires were lit. Cattle and other domestic animals were driven between the fires, so as to gain protection against diseases. This custom has parallels in Scotland and Brittany. One romantic tale suggests that the outlying stone represents a musician, while the circle of stones is dancers turned to stone for their revelry during the Sabbath.. A more credible theory suggests that this arrangement of stones as well as other features of the adjacent horizon were used by these ancient peoples to determine astronomical alignments; various alignments have been pointed out including the winter and summer stolicices, the spring and autumn equinox and the early November sunrise marking the beginning of the Celtic festival of Samhain. However the most persuasive alignment must be from the tallest stone at the S W to the triangular stone decorated with cup marks at E N E.. This alignment points to a small hill about five ...
The American Veterinary Medical Associations recent response to the Pew Commission on Industrial Farm Animal Productions final report on the state of
Alongside the chickens, goats, sheep, turkeys, rabbits, cows and other pigs at the sanctuary, Bruce lived in hog heaven with plentiful food, water, shelter, love and a future that didnt include a skillet. Animal Place - which now includes the relocated sanctuary on 600 acres in Grass Valley and the site in Vacaville for rescued and adoptable farm animals - has rescued thousands of farm animals, many from Bay Area counties, since executive director Sturla started saving them 25 years ago. Sadie came out of a dairy farm, where cows must be bred to maintain lactation and newborn calves are typically separated from their moms at birth. Adopting out chickensAbout 100 of the chickens at the sanctuary came from an egg farm in Turlock (Stanislaus County), the luckiest among 50,000 abandoned and without food for two weeks before local authorities found them in February. The sanctuary opened to visitors about six months ago, allowing families, school groups or Scout troops to walk the pens and barns or get a
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is working with other U.S. government agencies, the World Health Organization, and other domestic and international partners in an international response to the current Ebola outbreak in West Africa. This document summarizes key messages about the outbreak and the response. It will be updated as new information becomes available and distributed regularly. Please share the document with others as appropriate ...
On Jan. 8, 1964, just weeks after ascending to the presidency following the assassination of John F. Kennedy, Lyndon Johnson delivered his first annual State of the Union Address to Congress.. In his initial comments, the president laid out a series of policy objectives, one of which was a declaration of "all-out war on human poverty and unemployment in these United States." "This administration today, here and now, declares unconditional war on poverty in America," he said.. Johnson declared in his speech that this objective, along with his other domestic priorities, "can be done without any increase in spending." "In fact," he promised, "under the budget that I shall shortly submit, it can be done with an actual reduction in federal expenditures and federal employment.". In the following months a Democrat-majority Congress passed, and Johnson signed, some of the most liberal-progressive legislation to date, creating "a number of programs to help the poor, including Medicare, Medicaid, food ...
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MOTHER's Country Vet shares tips on farm animal health, including questions on preventing horse ulcers, uncoordinated goat eyes, feline parasites and canine ear swelling.
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U.S. Highway Accidents Involving Farm Animals A Farm Sanctuary Report July 2006 Abstract Neither the government nor industry in the U.S. reports transportation accidents involving animals raised for food.
Despite longstanding scientific concerns, antibiotics continue to be given to farm animals as a means of producing leaner meat. This helps to spread antibiotic resistance. A new type of therapy offers an alternative.
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In domestic animals[edit]. Further information: Domestication of animals. Neoteny is seen in domesticated animals such as dogs ... In Animal Welfare. 8: 329-341.. *^ Beck, A.M. & Katcher, A.H. (1996). Between Pets and People: The Importance of Companionship ... The environment that domesticated animals are raised in determines whether or not neoteny is present in those animals. ... Some common neotenous physical traits in domesticated animals (mainly dogs, pigs, ferrets, cats, and even foxes) include: ...
"Domestic Animal Farming in the Fransfontein Area".. *^ Serebrov, Mari. Mama Namibia. Windhoek, Namibia: Wordweaver Publishing ... In cases of herding or searching for lost domestic animals the Herero people engage horses to carry out these activities. ... This led to a transfer of both species of domestic animals and also some rather specific techniques of pastoral lifestyle ... Cattle are most valued domestic animals in the Herero culture, therefore cattle herding is the most significant and substantial ...
In domestic animals[edit]. Whipworms develop when a dog swallows whipworm eggs, passed from an infected dog. Symptoms may ... infecting domestic cats on St. Kitts: identification based on size or vulvar structure?". SpringerPlus. 4 (115): 1-7.. ... Olsen, Oliver (1974). Animal Parasites. New York: Dover Publications, Inc. pp. 497-502. ISBN 0486651266. Retrieved 23 November ...
Domestic animals[edit]. Permethrin has little effect on dogs; however, cats are sensitive.[18] Pesticide-grade permethrin is ... Other animals[edit]. Permethrin is listed as a "restricted use" substance by the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)[26] ... Small Animal Clinical Pharmacology. Stephen W. Page, David Church. Elsevier Health Sciences. p. 236. ISBN 0-7020-2858-4. ... Animal studies have shown no effects on fertility or teratogenicity, but studies in humans have not been performed. The ...
Weingartl HM, Nfon C, Kobinger G (May 2013). Review of Ebola virus infections in domestic animals. Dev Biol. Developments in ... Domestic animals. In 2012 it was demonstrated that the virus can travel without contact from pigs to nonhuman primates, ... Other animals. Wild animals. Ebola has a high mortality rate among primates.[132] Frequent outbreaks of Ebola may have resulted ... Animals may become infected when they eat fruit partially eaten by bats carrying the virus.[76] Fruit production, animal ...
On domestic animals[edit]. Selection of animals for visible "desirable" traits may have undesired consequences. Captive and ... Main articles: Domestication of animals and List of domesticated animals. The beginnings of animal domestication involved a ... Many parasites have their origins in domestic animals.[3][page needed] The advent of domestication resulted in denser human ... Price, Edward O. (2008). Principles and applications of domestic animal behavior: an introductory text. Cambridge University ...
Ticks of domestic animals. References[edit]. Citations[edit]. *^ a b c d "Ticks". Department of Medical Entomology, University ... Stone BF (1986): Toxicoses induced by ticks and reptiles in domestic animals. In 'Natural Toxins. Animal, Plant and Microbial ... Domestic animals[edit]. Moderately engorged Ixodes holocyclus attached to a dog (severely paralysed). Whilst reactive swelling ... Domestic animals (pets and livestock) are most notably affected by tick paralysis. Allergic reactions and tick-transmitted ...
Domestic animals. *Water buffalo (SE Asia). *Cow (Hindu). *Camel (Arabia). *Yak (Tibet, China) ... Salt is essential to the health of humans and other animals, and it is one of the five basic taste sensations.[32] Salt is used ... There is more salt in animal tissues, such as meat, blood, and milk, than in plant tissues.[11] Nomads who subsist on their ... which in these small amounts are generally good for plant and animal health[citation needed]). Mined salt is often refined in ...
Harbans Singh (1966). Domestic animals. Series: India, the land and the people. New Delhi: National Book Trust, India.. ... Beate D. Scherf (ed.) (2000). World Watch List for Domestic Animal Diversity (3rd edition). Rome: Food and Agriculture ... edition of the World Watch List for Domestic Animal Diversity, published in 2000, does not mention it; nor was it among the ... World Watch List for Domestic Animal Diversity (2nd edition). Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. ...
Domestic animals[which?] have apocrine glands at the base of each hair follicle, but eccrine glands only in foot pads and snout ... Animals[edit]. Non-primate mammals have eccrine sweat glands only on the palms and soles. Apocrine glands cover the rest of the ... 2003). Textbook of Small Animal Surgery. 2. Elsevier Health Sciences. p. 253. ISBN 9780721686073.. ... but are the sole effective sweat glands in hoofed animals, such as the camels, donkeys, horses, and cattle.[9][10][11] ...
Domestic Animals, 1998. J. Newell (ed.) The Russian Far East: A Reference Guide for Conservation and Development. Daniel & ... Animal Behavior and Cognition 4:24-29. Dinets, V. Tracking the mystery animal. Vokrug Sveta 2012(2) (in Russian) Dinets, V. ... Animal Behavior 82(2): 191-201. Dinets, V. The role of Habitat in Crocodilian Communication Dinets, V. Coordination and ... Animal Behavior & Cognition 2: 49-55 Feb2017 Dinets_HH(7)_final.pdf Dinets, V. Coordinated hunting by Cuban boas. ...
Domestic animals[which?] have apocrine glands at the base of each hair follicle, but eccrine glands only in foot pads and snout ... They are not significant for cooling in humans, but are the sole effective sweat glands in hoofed animals, such as the camels, ... 2003). Textbook of Small Animal Surgery. 2. Elsevier Health Sciences. p. 253. ISBN 9780721686073. Spearman, Richard Ian ...
Reproduction in Domestic Animals. 52 (6): 1004-1010. doi:10.1111/rda.13014. ISSN 0936-6768. PMID 28695606.. ...
Domestic cats (Felis catus) are very territorial and defend their territories with ritualized body posturing, stalking, staring ... Some animals use a strategy termed the dear enemy effect in which two neighbouring territorial animals become less aggressive ... Many animals use vocalisations to advertise their territory. These are short-term signals transmitted only when the animal is ... Rather than retaining a territory simply by fighting, for some animals this can be a 3-stage process. Many animals create "sign ...
Ticks of domestic animals. References[edit]. *^ "Tick-Borne Diseases". cdc.gov. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: ... Tick-borne diseases, which afflict humans and other animals, are caused by infectious agents transmitted by tick bites. Tick- ... For a person or companion animal to acquire a tick-borne disease requires that that individual gets bitten by a tick and that ...
Reproduction in Domestic Animals. 47: 347-350. doi:10.1111/rda.12103. Romagnoli, Stefano (2002). "Canine Pyometra: Pathogenesis ... Spayed animals do very rarely develop pyometra in the uterine stump. Even so, ovariohysterectomy is currently considered the ... may occur at this time for some animals, as an inappropriate response to progesterone. Under these circumstances, bacteria ( ... Therapy and Clinical Cases". Proceedings of the 27th World Congress of the World Small Animal Veterinary Association. Retrieved ...
"Use of Transgenic Animals to Improve Human Health and Animal Production". Reproduction in Domestic Animals. 40 (5): 269-281. ... Agricultural applications aim to selectively breed animals for particular traits and animals that are resistant to diseases.[ ... The first transgenic animals were only intended for genetic research to study the specific function of a gene, and by 2003, ... The idea of shaping an organism to fit a specific need isn't a new science; selective breeding of animals and plants started ...
In: Meuten DJ (ed.). Tumors in Domestic Animals. 4th ed. pp. 296-298, Iowa State University Press, Ames, 2002 Loukopoulos P, ... Histological Classification of Bone and Joint Tumors of Domestic Animals. pp. 1-50, Armed Forces Institute of Pathology, ...
Reproduction in Domestic Animals. 43 (16): 66-73. doi:10.1111/j.1439-0531.2008.01144.x. Retrieved April 13, 2012. De Wildt ... Due to her compassionate nature, Ann soon had a collection of stray and injured animals on the farm. Then, in October 1968, a ... also known as Ann van Dyk Cheetah Centre is a captive breeding facility for South African cheetahs and other animals that is ...
Reproduction in Domestic Animals. 43 (16): 66-73. doi:10.1111/j.1439-0531.2008.01144.x. Retrieved April 13, 2012. Rehmeyer, ... If two compatible animals are found at different zoos, the animals may be transported for mating, but this is stressful, which ... possibly because the young animals spent the critical learning period in captivity. Released animals often do not avoid ... iPSC may one day be used to treat captive animals with diseases. Breeding in the wild European Endangered Species Programme ( ...
IVM has also been used in domestic animals including mice, cats, dogs, swine, sheep, horse and cattle as well as wild species ... This technique is also used in sheep, pigs and other animals. See In animals. Oocytes are classified depending on their ... Reproduction in Domestic Animals. 49 (2): 243-248. doi:10.1111/rda.12261. ISSN 1439-0531. Fadini, Rubens; Renzini, Mario ... doi:10.1146/annurev-animal-022114-110822. ISSN 2165-8110. PMID 26566159. Andrabi, S. M. H.; Maxwell, W. M. C. (2007-06-01). "A ...
Reproduction in Domestic Animals. 30 (2): 61-65. doi:10.1111/j.1439-0531.1995.tb00606.x. ...
22-. ISBN 0-323-03309-1. Perry T. Cupps (20 February 1991). Reproduction in Domestic Animals. Elsevier. pp. 101-. ISBN 978-0-08 ... These animal findings suggest that, while not essential for full mammary ductal development, progesterone seems to play a ... Animal studies show that progesterone treatment leads to a decrease in edema levels by increasing the concentration of ... An additional animal source of progesterone is milk products. After consumption of milk products the level of bioavailable ...
Domestic animals provided meat. The earliest traces of settlement on the site are from c. 6000 BC. Before 2000 BC, a settlement ... Adad's special animal is the bull. Adad presents two aspects in the hymns, incantations, and votive inscriptions. On the one ... Craftsmen in Kanesh specialized in earthen drinking vessels, in the shapes of animals, that were often used for religious ...
Sjaastad, Oystein (2010). Physiology of domestic animals. Hove, Knut., Sand, Olav. (2nd ed.). Oslo: Scandinavian Veterinary ... "Animal Structure & Function". sci.waikato.ac.nz. Retrieved 2017-11-18. "Rumen Physiology and Rumination". www.vivo.colostate. ... "Ultrasonography of the Gastrointestinal Tract in Cattle". Veterinary Clinics of North America: Food Animal Practice. 25 (3): ...
Domestic dog (Canis lupus familiaris). The Irish Terrier (Irish: Brocaire Rua) is a dog breed from Ireland, one of many breeds ... Irish Terriers have a good nose and can learn to track either animal or human scent. Many Irish Terriers enjoy Lure Coursing, ...
Chart Providing Information on Domestic Animal Exposure and Postexposure Prophylaxis Treatment ... Other domestic animals. In all instances of exposure to other domestic animal species, the local or state health department ... What kind of animal did you come in contact with?plus icon *Domestic Animals ... Animal Type to Postexposure Prophylaxis. Animal Type. Evaluation and Disposition of Animal. Postexposure Prophylaxis ...
Close attention to domestic animals is necessary, including regular hand grooming of companion animals. This enables early ... A variety of mites cause mild dermatitis in their hosts and biting nuisance and disgust to the owners of domestic animals. ... Mites that infest and parasitize domestic animals cause disease and loss of production. Mites are small invertebrates, most of ... Compared to ticks and insects of domestic animals the parasitic mites are of limited importance as transmitters (vectors) of ...
Artificial cloning of domestic animals. Carol L. Keefer. PNAS July 21, 2015 112 (29) 8874-8878; first published July 21, 2015 ... SCNT in domestic animals has been used to study the potential of regenerative medicine. For example, cloned pigs have served as ... Domestic animals can be cloned using techniques such as embryo splitting and nuclear transfer to produce genetically identical ... In this review, I provide a broad overview of the historical development of cloning in domestic animals, of its application to ...
Thank you for your coverage of the new play being developed by The Dramaworkshop, Domestic Animals. ...
Links and Information on Domestic Animal Rabies Surveillance in the US (2014) ... Of the domestic animals that underwent variant typing in 2018 (41%), all were infected with a variant from a wild animal. ... During 2018, domestic animals accounted for 47.2% of all animals submitted for testing, but only 9% (n = 362) of all rabies ... What kind of animal did you come in contact with?plus icon *Domestic Animals ...
Domestic Animals. Download NJLaw - Title 4 - Agriculture / Domestic Animals and enjoy it on your iPhone, iPad, and iPod touch. ... Domestic Animals - Title 4. A complete list of the laws listed within Title 4, the New Jersey Code Agriculture and Domestic ... NJLaw - Title 4 - Agriculture / Domestic Animals Support. Whats New in Version 5.0 This update improves the favorites feature ... To download the free app NJLaw - Title 4 - Agriculture / Domestic Animals by Kaboserv.com Development, get iTunes now. ...
Among all the domestic animals, the horse is one of the most majestic and multi-purpose animals. The oldest means of transport ... It is incredibly widespread in households about the world to incorporate dogs and also other domestic animals into the family ... Animals And Birds Should Be Cage Free. 04th September 2008. It probably began in the past when man began to understand the ... Protect Small Animals from Heartworm!. 25th October 2012. Heartworm is a kind of parasitic roundworm called dirofilaria immitis ...
Purchase Textbook of Special Pathological Anatomy of Domestic Animals - 1st Edition. Print Book & E-Book. ISBN 9781483232843, ... Textbook of Special Pathological Anatomy of Domestic Animals 1st Edition. 0.0 star rating Write a review ... Textbook of Special Pathological Anatomy of Domestic Animals should not be regarded merely as a textbook for students, but ...
Purchase Pyrantel Parasiticide Therapy in Humans and Domestic Animals - 1st Edition. Print Book & E-Book. ISBN 9780128014493, ... Pyrantel Parasiticide Therapy in Humans and Domestic Animals 1st Edition. Write a review ... Pyrantel Parasiticide Therapy in Humans and Domestic Animals presents a single source history and reference on the parasiticide ... Pyrantel, a nicotinic receptor agonist, has been used in domestic animal and human medicine since the 1970s to control two ...
Domestic Animals by Richard L. Allen. with directions for theirmanagement, breeding, crossing, rearing, feeding, andpreparation ... Domestic Animals. history and description of the horse, mule, cattle, sheep, swine, poultry and farm dogs. Download. select ... These qualities, technically called points, should be inbred in the animals as far as practicable, by a long line of descent ... So far is this principle carried by many experienced breeders, that they will use an animal of indifferent external appearance ...
Brazils animals are in very serious, very immediate danger.. The ONLY nationwide law making animal cruelty a crime is under ... A bill seeking to revise current law by decriminalizing cruelty to "domestic or domesticated animals" has been put before ... Animal welfare will be set back by decades. The potential for animal suffering to increase is horrifying. ... Animal lovers and advocates who report a dog being beaten or a horse being starved will see little or no action taken. These ...
... SCC associated with ambient solar exposure has been reported in cattle, horses, cats, sheep, goats ... Other effects in domestic animals that may increase under ozone depletion include exacerbation of infectious bovine ...
And search more of iStocks library of royalty-free stock images that features Domestic Animals photos available for quick and ...
... and protozoa between domestic animals. These microbes cause diseases which can be severely debilitating or fatal to domestic ... Ticks of domestic animals directly cause poor health and loss of production to their hosts by many parasitic mechanisms. Ticks ... Ticks of domestic animals in Africa: a guide to identification of species. Bioscience Reports, Edinburgh. ISBN 0-9545173-0-X, ... The only countries that do not have some kind of problem with ticks on domestic animals are those that are permanently cold. An ...
Domestic animal behaviour and welfare by Donald M. Broom; 2 editions; First published in 2007; Subjects: Animal welfare, ... Are you sure you want to remove Domestic animal behaviour and welfare from your list? ...
... custody or control of a dog or domestic animal. Dogs and domestic animals owned by minors shall be deemed to be in the custody ... DOG or DOMESTIC ANIMAL. As defined in the Agriculture and Markets Law of the State of New York, Article 7, § 108, "domestic ... Upon the deposit of waste by a dog or other domestic animal on the property of another person, the owner of such dog or animal ... No person who owns a dog or domestic animal shall permit or suffer such animal to damage or destroy property of any kind. ...
Considering our domestic animals history, such populations are particularly well-adapted to the analysis of multifactor ... Numerous routinely assessed multifactor characters in domestic animals rely on metabolic pathways likely to be implied in human ... in the IGF2 gene follows the recent identification of two other genes shown to influence complex characters in domestic animals ... This is one of the reasons why domestic species genome sequencing - in addition to its agronomic impact - is very seriously ...
Agrarian Animals Domestic Farming: 20 assigned downloads, like Piglets Sus scrofa domestica, on an organic farm from stock- ... Similar tags: aegagrus • agrarian • alpine • animalanimals • artiodactyla • bovid • bovidae • bovids • bovine • bovines • ... Domestic Cattle (bos Primigenius Taurus), Cow Suckling Her Calf, Near Punakha, The Himalayas, Kingdom Of Bhutan, South Asia, ... White Nanny Goat, Domestic Goat Capra Aegagrus Hircus, Capra Hircus Hircus, Lacnov, Vsetin District, Czech Republic, Europe. ...
Schistosomiasis Japonica Control in Domestic Animals: Progress and Experiences in China.. Cao Z1,2, Huang Y2, Wang T2. ... Domestic animals, particularly bovines, are thought to play an important role in transmission of the disease. Historically, ... Generally, the campaign of schistosomiasis japonica control in domestic animals in China went through four phases over the past ... the control of schistosomiasis in domestic animals has been carried out almost synchronously with that of human schistosomiasis ...
... how domestic animals transformed early America. [Virginia DeJohn Anderson] -- When we think of the key figures of early ... u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> Creatures of Empire : how domestic animals transformed early America<\/span>@en<\/a> ; ... Creatures of Empire : how domestic animals transformed early America. Author:. Virginia DeJohn Anderson. ... I: Thinking about animals. Chickwallop and the strange beast: Indians and animals in early America --. The deer with the red ...
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A Handbook of Veterinary Parasitology: Domestic Animals of North America. G - Reference,Information and Interdisciplinary ... acariasis acaricides adult worms anemia animals anthelmintic areas arthropod Assoc become infective birds blood cattle cause ... U of Minnesota Press, 1978 - Domestic animals - 248 pages. 0 Reviewshttps://books.google.com/books/about/A_Handbook_of_ ... host develop Diagnosis diarrhea Disease Disease/Infestation distributed throughout North Distribution and importance domestic ...
Domestic movement permits. A CFIA movement permit is required if the declared aquatic animal or thing is moving from:. *a ... If the permit is issued to whoever is sending live or dead aquatic animals, the animals or their carcasses must be segregated, ... safeguards Canadas aquatic animal resources. *implements controls, such as permits, to contain certain aquatic animal ... Aquatic animal domestic movements. The Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA):. * ...
... the European Veterinary Society of Small Animal Reproduction (EVSSAR) and the Spanish Society of Animal Reproduction ... Official organ of the European Society for Domestic Animal Reproduction (ESDAR), ... Home , Journals , Reproduction in Domestic Animals View PDF. Reproduction in Domestic Animals. Editor(s): H. Rodriguez-Martinez ... Official organ of the European Society for Domestic Animal Reproduction (ESDAR), the European Veterinary Society of Small ...
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  • During 2018, domestic animals accounted for 47.2% of all animals submitted for testing, but only 9% (n = 362) of all rabies cases reported, representing a decrease of 9.3% compared with the number reported in 2017. (cdc.gov)
  • A 2017 study showed that 89% of women who had companion animals during an abusive relationship reported that their animals were threatened, harmed, or killed by their abusive partner. (aldf.org)
  • The Town Council will hold a public hearing on Wednesday, Oct. 11, 2017 on a proposal that would prohibit owners of domestic fowl - or of any other animal for that matter - from allowing their animals on private property without that owner's permission. (capeelizabeth.com)
  • Mallory Stuckwisch, of the DVM Class of 2019, is working on the project as part of the 2017 PVM Veterinary Scholars Summer Research Program with her faculty mentor, Dr. Lyn Freeman , associate professor of small animal surgery and biomedical engineering. (purdue.edu)
  • For this project specifically, VALET can ingest things like census socioeconomic data or animal shelter data, to make the analysis in the project more comprehensive and significant. (purdue.edu)
  • The quarantine period is a precaution against the remote possibility that an animal may appear healthy, but actually be sick with rabies. (cdc.gov)
  • As of 2016 the FBI began tracking crimes against animals in the National Incident Based Reporting System (NIBRS), in the same way it tracks other serious criminal offenses. (aldf.org)
  • Three bibliographic databases (PubMed, Web of Science and Agricola) were searched using terms related to snake, snakebite and domestic animals for publications up to December 31st, 2016. (ilri.org)
  • however, the following research areas are given as examples of themes to be welcomed: vector- and water-borne protists of wild and domestic carnivores, cardio-pulmonary nematodes, piroplasmoses of ruminants, and Fasciola hepatica and other platyhelminthes of carnivores and herbivores. (frontiersin.org)
  • In cell biology, it is the propagation of a progenitor cell to obtain a population of genetically identical cells whereas, in animal biology, cloning refers to the production of genetic copies of individual animals using nuclear transfer. (pnas.org)
  • Through exploration of animal interactions, along with the influences that humans and nonhuman animals exert on each other's lives, this interdisciplinary program serves students with exposure to different perspectives, including sustainable agriculture, captive animal care, philosophy, biology, natural resource management, policy, and law. (greenmtn.edu)
  • Biology of Domestic Animals 1st Edition by Colin G. Scanes and Publisher CRC Press. (vitalsource.com)
  • 2019. Snakebite in domestic animals: First global scoping review. (ilri.org)
  • To mark Open Access Week 2019 , we highlight some recent open access research articles authored and co-authored by scientists from the Animal and Human Health program of the International Livestock Research. (ilri.org)
  • Just in time to add fuel to the fire of the current meat, milk and diet wars being waged in scholarly and lay media alike comes the latest issue (Oct 2019) of the scientific journal Animal Frontiers on Foods of animal origin: A. (ilri.org)
  • Although it is not clear to what extent similar syntactic-like abilities can be identified in other animals, recently we reported that domestic chicks can learn abstract visual patterns and the statistical structure defined by a temporal sequence of visual shapes. (mdpi.com)
  • This page contains information on Doktor Doom Insecticide Foam for Horses (Domestic) for veterinary use . (drugs.com)
  • To protect horses from attacks of Flies and Gnats, first remove mucous secretions from face of animal and then apply foam directly to soft cloth and spread about face and other body regions where flies gather such as back, belly, ear and leg regions where the specific attacking insects feeds. (drugs.com)
  • Every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy of the Doktor Doom Insecticide Foam for Horses (Domestic) information published above. (drugs.com)
  • Textbook of Special Pathological Anatomy of Domestic Animals should not be regarded merely as a textbook for students, but rather as one which will also be of assistance to them in their later work, as well as to veterinarians generally working in the various branches of the profession, in the assessment of pathological changes. (elsevier.com)
  • Comparative immunologists and geneticists, veterinarians, animal breeders, researchers, and university and postgraduate students will all benefit from this detailed look at the evolution, structure, and organization of Mhc. (routledge.com)
  • It was the prelude to an explosion of research in the field of domestic dog behaviour, which has seen the subject move from largely the fringes of academia to a central position that provides a unique opportunity to explore some fundamental biological questions. (cambridge.org)
  • This article is published in Vol. 5 No. 3, 1998 of the journal Society and Animals: Social Scientific Sudies of the Human Experience of Other Animals" published by the Psychologists For the Ethical Treatment of Animals . (vawnet.org)
  • The law is only just beginning to catch up with the Americans' widespread view that animals are family members who need robust protection under the law. (aldf.org)
  • When any of these elements are destroyed or depleted, wild animals suffer and often die more miserable deaths than if killed by hunters or predators. (countercurrents.org)
  • When a food or water source is destroyed, wild animals may starve, die of thirst, or suffer from malnutrition and the associated agonies. (countercurrents.org)
  • When hiding cover is lost, wild animals experience fear and stress, seeking cover from predators that may or may not be present. (countercurrents.org)
  • These activities directly remove or degrade the habitat components required by wild animals. (countercurrents.org)
  • Pollution is an insidious and omnipresent threat to wild animals. (countercurrents.org)
  • Oocyte Physiology and Development in Domestic Animals reviews the most recent advances in the research of physiological and biochemical mechanisms underlying oocyte growth and development, providing readers with the fundamental understanding of these key processes and summarizing this important field of research. (wiley.com)
  • The teeth are not the only weapons possessed by the feline animals, their claws being no less terrible instruments for seizing their prey and speedily terminating its existence. (messybeast.com)
  • Before using on pregnant animals consult a veterinarian. (drugs.com)
  • Overall this is an impressive book offering both basic and applied information to any inquiring student or veterinarian who wishes to improve or refresh their knowledge in the area of biochemistry and its application to the diagnosis and understanding of disease in animals. (nhbs.com)