Animal Welfare: The protection of animals in laboratories or other specific environments by promoting their health through better nutrition, housing, and care.Animal Experimentation: The use of animals as investigational subjects.Animal Care Committees: Institutional committees established to protect the welfare of animals used in research and education. The 1971 NIH Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals introduced the policy that institutions using warm-blooded animals in projects supported by NIH grants either be accredited by a recognized professional laboratory animal accrediting body or establish its own committee to evaluate animal care; the Public Health Service adopted a policy in 1979 requiring such committees; and the 1985 amendments to the Animal Welfare Act mandate review and approval of federally funded research with animals by a formally designated Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (IACUC).Animals, LaboratoryAnimal Husbandry: The science of breeding, feeding and care of domestic animals; includes housing and nutrition.Animal Rights: The moral and ethical bases of the protection of animals from cruelty and abuse. The rights are extended to domestic animals, laboratory animals, and wild animals.Social Welfare: Organized institutions which provide services to ameliorate conditions of need or social pathology in the community.Animals, Domestic: Animals which have become adapted through breeding in captivity to a life intimately associated with humans. They include animals domesticated by humans to live and breed in a tame condition on farms or ranches for economic reasons, including LIVESTOCK (specifically CATTLE; SHEEP; HORSES; etc.), POULTRY; and those raised or kept for pleasure and companionship, e.g., PETS; or specifically DOGS; CATS; etc.Euthanasia, Animal: The killing of animals for reasons of mercy, to control disease transmission or maintain the health of animal populations, or for experimental purposes (ANIMAL EXPERIMENTATION).Laboratory Animal Science: The science and technology dealing with the procurement, breeding, care, health, and selection of animals used in biomedical research and testing.Animal Testing Alternatives: Procedures, such as TISSUE CULTURE TECHNIQUES; mathematical models; etc., when used or advocated for use in place of the use of animals in research or diagnostic laboratories.Housing, AnimalVeterinarians: Individuals with a degree in veterinary medicine that provides them with training and qualifications to treat diseases and injuries of animals.Animal Use Alternatives: Alternatives to the use of animals in research, testing, and education. The alternatives may include reduction in the number of animals used, replacement of animals with a non-animal model or with animals of a species lower phylogenetically, or refinement of methods to minimize pain and distress of animals used.Ethology: The discipline pertaining to the study of animal behavior.Foot Dermatoses: Skin diseases of the foot, general or unspecified.Transportation: The means of moving persons, animals, goods, or materials from one place to another.United States Department of Agriculture: A cabinet department in the Executive Branch of the United States Government concerned with improving and maintaining farm income and developing and expanding markets for agricultural products. Through inspection and grading services it safeguards and insures standards of quality in food supply and production.Ethics: The philosophy or code pertaining to what is ideal in human character and conduct. Also, the field of study dealing with the principles of morality.Veterinary Medicine: The medical science concerned with the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases in animals.Behavior, Animal: The observable response an animal makes to any situation.Animal Identification Systems: Procedures for recognizing individual animals and certain identifiable characteristics pertaining to them; includes computerized methods, ear tags, etc.Child Welfare: Organized efforts by communities or organizations to improve the health and well-being of the child.Handling (Psychology): Physical manipulation of animals and humans to induce a behavioral or other psychological reaction. In experimental psychology, the animal is handled to induce a stress situation or to study the effects of "gentling" or "mothering".Animals, ZooAbattoirs: Places where animals are slaughtered and dressed for market.Societies, Scientific: Societies whose membership is limited to scientists.European Union: The collective designation of three organizations with common membership: the European Economic Community (Common Market), the European Coal and Steel Community, and the European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom). It was known as the European Community until 1994. It is primarily an economic union with the principal objectives of free movement of goods, capital, and labor. Professional services, social, medical and paramedical, are subsumed under labor. The constituent countries are Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom. (The World Almanac and Book of Facts 1997, p842)Ethics, Research: The moral obligations governing the conduct of research. Used for discussions of research ethics as a general topic.Toxicity Tests: An array of tests used to determine the toxicity of a substance to living systems. These include tests on clinical drugs, foods, and environmental pollutants.Animals, Wild: Animals considered to be wild or feral or not adapted for domestic use. It does not include wild animals in zoos for which ANIMALS, ZOO is available.Swine: Any of various animals that constitute the family Suidae and comprise stout-bodied, short-legged omnivorous mammals with thick skin, usually covered with coarse bristles, a rather long mobile snout, and small tail. Included are the genera Babyrousa, Phacochoerus (wart hogs), and Sus, the latter containing the domestic pig (see SUS SCROFA).Agriculture: The science, art or practice of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raising livestock.Research: Critical and exhaustive investigation or experimentation, having for its aim the discovery of new facts and their correct interpretation, the revision of accepted conclusions, theories, or laws in the light of newly discovered facts, or the practical application of such new or revised conclusions, theories, or laws. (Webster, 3d ed)Cattle: Domesticated bovine animals of the genus Bos, usually kept on a farm or ranch and used for the production of meat or dairy products or for heavy labor.United StatesBreeding: The production of offspring by selective mating or HYBRIDIZATION, GENETIC in animals or plants.Aid to Families with Dependent Children: Financial assistance provided by the government to indigent families with dependent children who meet certain requirements as defined by the Social Security Act, Title IV, in the U.S.IndiaEncyclopedias as Topic: Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Thirst: A drive stemming from a physiological need for WATER.Public Assistance: Financial assistance to impoverished persons for the essentials of living through federal, state or local government programs.Public Policy: A course or method of action selected, usually by a government, from among alternatives to guide and determine present and future decisions.LizardsDimethoxyphenylethylamineWhales: Large marine mammals of the order CETACEA. In the past, they were commercially valued for whale oil, for their flesh as human food and in ANIMAL FEED and FERTILIZERS, and for baleen. Today, there is a moratorium on most commercial whaling, as all species are either listed as endangered or threatened.Elephants: Large mammals in the family Elephantidae, with columnar limbs, bulky bodies, and elongated snouts. They are the only surviving members of the PROBOSCIDEA MAMMALS.Zambia: A republic in southern Africa, south of DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO and TANZANIA, and north of ZIMBABWE. Its capital is Lusaka. It was formerly called Northern Rhodesia.Penis: The external reproductive organ of males. It is composed of a mass of erectile tissue enclosed in three cylindrical fibrous compartments. Two of the three compartments, the corpus cavernosa, are placed side-by-side along the upper part of the organ. The third compartment below, the corpus spongiosum, houses the urethra.Commodification: The social process by which something or someone comes to be regarded and treated as an article of trade or commerce.Tupaia: A genus of tree shrews of the family TUPAIIDAE which consists of about 12 species. One of the most frequently encountered species is T. glis. Members of this genus inhabit rain forests and secondary growth areas in southeast Asia.Choice Behavior: The act of making a selection among two or more alternatives, usually after a period of deliberation.

Effect of pen size on behavioral, endocrine, and immune responses of water buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) calves. (1/550)

Female water buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) calves (n = 28) aged 7 to 10 d were divided into four groups of seven animals each to examine the effects of space allowance (Group A: 2.6 indoor m2 + 2.0 outdoor m2/calf; Group B: 2.6 indoor m2/calf; Group C: 1.5 indoor m2/calf; Group D: 1.0 indoor m2/calf) on behavioral, endocrine, and immune variables for a period of 60 d. Animals were offered 7 L/d of a commercial acidified milk substitute. The calves averaged 45.9 kg initially and 92.4 kg finally. The behavior observations were conducted 7 d after grouping and fortnightly thereafter. At wk 4 and 8, the phytohemagglutinin (PHA) skin test was performed to induce aspecific delayed hypersensitivity. At wk. 1 and 3, calves were injected i.m. with keyhole limpet hemocyanin. Antibody titers were determined at weekly intervals for 7 wk. Calves in pens with greater space allowance (Groups A and B) were less active than Groups C and D (P<.001). The latter groups were also observed feeding more often at wk 7 (P<.01). Calves provided with an outdoor paddock spent less time standing than Groups C and D (P<.01), and lay with a greater number of outstretched legs (P<.001). Groups C and D showed a lower reaction to PHA in both skin tests than did Groups A and B (P<.001 and P<.05, respectively). Group A showed an antibody response consistently higher than groups B, C, and D (P<.01, P<.05, and P<.05, respectively). At the end of the experimental period, the calves were subjected to an isolation test lasting 10 min. Group D showed a longer duration of movement with respect to Groups A and B (P<.01); animals from Group C walked more than did Group A (P<.05). Cortisol concentration evaluated 0, 10, 45, 90, 150, and 225 min after separation from the group was higher in Groups C and D than in Groups A and B (P<.01). For all animals, the highest cortisol level was observed immediately after the isolation test (P<.001). Space restriction resulted in evidence of stress in the animals as shown by alterations in a number of physiological responses. However, the use of small groups of only seven animals per pen may have affected their reactions to space restriction. It is possible that using larger groups could change these conclusions.  (+info)

Comparative cardiopulmonary effects of carfentanil-xylazine and medetomidine-ketamine used for immobilization of mule deer and mule deer/white-tailed deer hybrids. (2/550)

Three mule deer and 4 mule deer/white-tailed deer hybrids were immobilized in a crossover study with carfentanil (10 microg/kg) + xylazine (0.3 mg/kg) (CX), and medetomidine (100 microg/kg) + ketamine (2.5 mg/kg) (MK). The deer were maintained in left lateral recumbency for 1 h with each combination. Deer were immobilized with MK in 230+/-68 s (mean +/- SD) and with CX in 282+/-83 seconds. Systolic, mean and diastolic arterial pressure were significantly higher with MK. Heart rate, PaO2, PaCO2, pH, and base excess were not significantly different between treatments. Base excess and pH increased significantly over time with both treatments. Both treatments produced hypoventilation (PaCO2 > 50 mm Hg) and hypoxemia (PaO2 < 60 mm Hg). PaO2 increased significantly over time with CX. Body temperature was significantly (P<0.05) higher with CX compared to MK. Ventricular premature contractions, atrial premature contractions, and a junctional escape rhythm were noted during CX immobilization. No arrhythmias were noted during MK immobilization. Quality of immobilization was superior with MK, with no observed movement present for the 60 min of immobilization. Movement of the head and limbs occurred in 4 animals immobilized with CX. The major complication observed with both of these treatments was hypoxemia, and supplemental inspired oxygen is recommended during immobilization. Hyperthermia can further complicate immobilization with CX, reinforcing the need for supplemental oxygen.  (+info)

Headroom requirements for horses in transit. (3/550)

Horses intended for slaughter in Western Canada are frequently transported in double-deck trailers, where headroom may be restricted. Poll and withers height was estimated from type photographs of various horse breeds. The headroom required by Canadian legislation and codes of practice may not be sufficiently restrictive to protect the welfare of sport type horses when transported.  (+info)

Comparison of minimum space allowance standards for transportation of cattle by road from 8 authorities. (4/550)

Space allowance for animals in transit is a consistent concern in many countries developing codes of practice and regulations to assure humane treatment of food producing animals. Describing minimum space allowance requirements for cattle in transit has proven to be difficult, as the space required increases as the animal grows. Loading pressure, defined as weight of live animal per unit area, has proven to be a clear method of communicating with transporters and inspection staff what the maximum safe stocking limit is based on individual animal weight. The loading density recommendations in the Canadian code of practice for beef cattle are compared with other standards by using loading pressure charts as a visual aid. Loading pressure charts are recommended in preference to a tabular format to describe the minimal space allowed per animal for cattle transported by road.  (+info)

Principles in laboratory animal research for experimental purposes. (5/550)

The present work contains information about proper husbandry and care of laboratory animals, microbiological monitoring of their health and protecting them against suffering and distress. The author also gives some advice on the improvement and unification of experimental research results through the standardisation of laboratory animals used for the experiments as well as imposing proper conditions for animal husbandry.  (+info)

The "new perception" of animal agriculture: legless cows, featherless chickens, and a need for genuine analysis. (6/550)

A growing popular literature has created a "New Perception" of animal agriculture by depicting commercial animal production as 1) detrimental to animal welfare, 2) controlled by corporate interests, 3) motivated by profit rather than by traditional animal care values, 4) causing increased world hunger, 5) producing unhealthy food, and 6) harming the environment. Agricultural organizations have often responded with public relations material promoting a very positive image of animal agriculture and denying all six of the critics' claims. The public, faced with these two highly simplistic and contradictory images, needs knowledgeable research and analysis to serve as a basis for public policy and individual choice. Scientists and ethicists could provide such analysis. In some cases, however, scientists and ethicists have themselves produced misleading, polarized, or simplistic accounts of animal agriculture. The problems in such accounts include the repetition of unreliable information from advocacy sources, use of unwarranted generalizations, simplistic analysis of complex issues, and glossing over the ethical problems. The New Perception debate raises important and complex ethical issues; in order to provide useful guidance, both scientists and ethicists must consider these issues as research problems that are worthy of genuine investigation and analysis.  (+info)

Perspectives on hepatitis B studies with chimpanzees. (7/550)

Chimpanzees have been shown to be exquisitely susceptible to human hepatitis viruses, without themselves developing clinical illness, thus providing an important model for studies on these agents. Chimpanzees have contributed substantially to human welfare by making possible the development of hepatitis B vaccines, which now prevent development of cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma in millions of people. They have provided a means to evaluate the efficacy of virus inactivation strategies, which have made blood derivatives formerly contaminated with blood-borne viruses (hepatitis B, C, and human immunodeficiency viruses) safe with respect to their transmission. In exchange for these contributions, humans owe chimpanzees lifelong retirement in sanctuaries that offer socialization and environmental enrichment.  (+info)

Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy and imaging in animal research. (8/550)

Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy and imaging can be used to investigate, noninvasively, a wide range of biological processes in systems as diverse as protein solutions, single cells, isolated perfused organs, and tissues in vivo. It is also possible to combine different NMR techniques enabling metabolic, anatomical, and physiological information to be obtained in the same experiment. This review provides a simple overview of the basic principles of NMR and outlines both the advantages and disadvantages of NMR spectroscopy and imaging. A few examples of potential applications of NMR spectroscopy and imaging are presented, which demonstrate the range of questions that can be asked using these techniques. The potential impact of using NMR techniques in a biomedical research program on the total number of animals required for specific investigations, as well as the number of animals used in research, are discussed. The article concludes with a personal perspective on the impact of continuing improvements in NMR technology for future applications in animal research.  (+info)

Animal welfare science is the scientific study of the welfare of animals as pets, in zoos, laboratories, on farms and in the wild. Although animal welfare has been of great concern for many thousands of years in religion and culture, the investigation of animal welfare using rigorous scientific methods is a relatively recent development. The worlds first Professor of Animal Welfare Science, Donald Broom, was appointed by Cambridge University (UK) in 1986. Early legislation which formed the impetus for assessing animal welfare and the subsequent development of animal welfare science include the Ireland Parliament (Thomas Wentworth) "An Act against Plowing by the Tayle, and pulling the Wooll off living Sheep", 1635, and the Massachusetts Colony (Nathaniel Ward) "Off the Bruite Creatures" Liberty 92 and 93 in the "Massachusetts Body of Liberties" of 1641. Richard Martins act, the "Cruel Treatment of Cattle Act 1822" is often considered to be the precursor of modern relevant legislation. One of ...
Animal welfare and rights in India regards the treatment of and laws concerning non-human animals in India. It is distinct from animal conservation in India. India is home to several religious traditions advocating non-violence and compassion towards animals, and has passed a number of animal welfare reforms since 1960. India is also one of the worlds leading producers of animal products. Indias first national animal welfare law, the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act, 1960, criminalizes cruelty to animals, though exceptions are made for the treatment of animals used for food and scientific experiments. The 1960 law also created the Animal Welfare Board of India to ensure the anti-cruelty provisions were enforced and promote the cause of animal welfare. Subsequent laws have placed regulations and restrictions on the use of draught animals, the use of performing animals, animal transport, animal slaughter, and animal experimentation. The Breeding of and Experiments on Animals (Control and ...
Introduction. The ethical analysis of our moral obligations to animals, as well as practical decisions regarding many issues in veterinary medicine, both presuppose some account of "animal welfare" - that is, of what makes an animals life go well or poorly. Therefore, it is essential that we think critically about the concept of animal welfare. This paper briefly explores some philosophical issues in the definition and assessment of animal welfare.. Two Different Senses of "Animal Welfare". The first thing to clarify is the way in which Im using the term "animal welfare." In both moral philosophy and ordinary language (as concerns humans), the term "welfare" is roughly synonymous with "wellbeing." To say that an individual "has a welfare" is to say that her life can go better or worse from her perspective, and to talk about her welfare is to talk about her interests - what are the things that make her life go better or worse for her? How should we conceptualize her wellbeing in the abstract? ...
Information about animal welfare standards and initiatives from eight European countries was collected, grouped, and compared to EU welfare standards to detect those aspects beyond minimum welfare levels demanded by EU welfare legislation. Literature was reviewed to determine the scientific relevance of standards and initiatives, and those aspects going beyond minimum EU standards. Standards and initiatives were assessed to determine their strengths and weaknesses regarding animal welfare. Attitudes of stakeholders in the improvement of animal welfare were determined through a Policy Delphi exercise. Social perception of animal welfare, economic implications of upraising welfare levels, and differences between countries were considered. Literature review revealed that on-farm space allowance, climate control, and environmental enrichment are relevant for all animal categories. Experts assessment revealed that on-farm prevention of thermal stress, air quality, and races and passageways design were not
3:30 - 4:30 p.m. : Understanding Animal Welfare, Animal Welfare Compromise and Animal Pain. An introduction to animal welfare and its scientific foundations; animal welfare compromise and its comprehensive assessment and management; changing attitudes to pain in animals and practicalities of pain recognition, assessment and management; the growing global significance of animal welfare and managing animal pain.. 6:30-7:30pm: Integrated and Inclusive Regulatory Management of Animal Welfare in New Zealand Development of New Zealands comprehensive animal welfare infrastructure? integration of the components of the legal and regulatory framework for animal welfare management? roles of ministerial advisory committees and their membership? roles of and support for NZ animal welfare science research capability? the significance of codes of welfare and participation in their formulation by parties having diverse interests in animal welfare? liaison groups fostering inclusiveness. 8:00-9:00pm: ...
The European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) has published pioneering guidelines laying out, for the first time, a standardised methodology for the risk assessment of animal welfare. The methodology, which follows a step-by-step approach, is designed to be applicable to all animal species and all factors that affect animal welfare, including housing, transport, stunning and killing. The development of the guidelines supports EFSAs commitment to ensure that all its work on animal welfare is underpinned by a strong scientific approach.
FAO has launched a new web portal to facilitate a single access point for international and national information related to farm animal welfare. Policymakers, farmers, scientists and animal welfare experts can now access research findings, relevant legislation and policies on livestock through this online gateway.
The USPCA is the worlds second oldest animal welfare organisation. It was established in 1836 and is a charity supported entirely by voluntary donations. Its purpose as given in its Constitution, is to promote kindness and to prevent or suppress cruelty to animals. The Societys work extends to caring for all animals in all circumstances.. The USPCAs Welfare Officers, staff and volunteers work round the clock to help animals in distress. The Society acts to have the law enforced in relation to animal welfare and the Welfare Officers investigate alleged cases of cruelty.. The Societys Sanctuaries receive and treat companion animals, equines and wildlife. A major part of the work of the Society is to place unwanted animals into new and caring homes.. The USPCA campaigns both in the UK and throughout Europe to achieve legal and social reform in animal welfare.. The Policies in this booklet represent the considered position held by the USPCA on particular issues. However readers should be aware ...
GLOBAL - Food companies are paying more and more attention to animal welfare within their supply chains, according to the latest Business Benchmark on Farm Animal Welfare (BBFAW) report, published on Monday.
GLOBAL - Food companies are paying more and more attention to animal welfare within their supply chains, according to the latest Business Benchmark on Farm Animal Welfare (BBFAW) report, published on Monday.
Genetically Engineered and Modified Live Virus Vaccines;Public Health and Animal Welfare Concerns by Michael W. Fox BVetMed,PhD,DSc.MRCVS http://www.twobitdog.com/drfox/specialreport_Article.aspx?ID=273f53f4-bcdc-474f-a189-cca1d1a81c38 This article is in ...
Information about animal health and welfare for pets and livestock animals. DPIs Bureau of Animal Welfare and Animal Health deliver programs and provides policy, legislation, advisory, research and regulatory activities. ...
They appear that the free download scientific perspectives on animal welfare can practice from research to radiation. Kripke provides this, bleeding that while project ensures, in all old apps, the implantation with new quiddity 79, its project websites may collect far from chemistry to cause. Both solutions have given, but of the two, the logic is to allow conscious.
In a country where animal welfare services are entirely dependent on public donations and good will, Cape Town is the first ever city in South Africa to provide grants to support dog and cat sterilisation.. Marking the 20th anniversary of World Spay Day, Mdzananda Animal Clinic - a project of IFAW - joined animal welfare groups across the city last week, Tuesday 25th February, in rolling out Cape Towns second dog and cat mass sterilisation project.. In the next six months a massive grant of R527 999 from the City Health Directorate will be used to, hopefully, sterilise 70 per cent of dogs and cats in Khayelitsha township on the Cape Flats.. Also on IFAW.org: CLAW South Africa find themselves refugees, for the moment. Mdzananda is based in Site B, Khayelitsha. The clinic provides the only full time, on site, animal welfare support to dogs and cats owned by the community of about 1,5-million people, so we are well placed to offer a base for this ambitious initiative to improve the welfare of the ...
Study Animal Welfare - understand how self aware animals are, consider ethical services of animal protection, animal welfare issues, and more.
VICTORIAN farmers are keen to see one of their own head up the states Animal Welfare Advisory Committee. The Andrews Labor Government today called for expressions of interest for the role of chairperson of the Animal Welfare Advisory Committee, after current chair Carmel Morfunis decision to step down. The post VFF keen for farmer to lead VIC animal welfare advisory committee appeared first on Sheep Central ...
Progressive animal production methods must deliver high quality meat to the consumer, while at the same time promote the welfare of farmed animals. The literature on animal welfare has expanded immensely over recent years, but until now no book has related this area to that of meat science. This book aims to fill that gap. It provides a general review of current knowledge of the welfare of farmed animals, including fish, as this impacts upon meat quality. It represents a textbook for graduate level courses in animal welfare or meat science, but will also be of interest to a wide range of readers in animal, veterinary and food sciences, and in applied ethology.
Members: Dr. David Burrows, Dr. Shevaun Gallwey and Dr. Karthi Martelli. Meets on a project basis and may incorporate additional members on an ad hoc basis. Aims: To promote an understanding of animal welfare in the region and to provide advice to HKVA members, the public and the Government on any matter relating to animal welfare. As veterinary surgeons our primary responsibility is the welfare and care of animals across the species and it was thought to be important that the views of the profession as experts in this field should be expressed and that good animal welfare be promoted by the HKVA. This will be particularly important as the Government is currently undertaking a review of laws that will have a direct impact on animal welfare and the HKVA should be consulted on such matters. If members have any issues that they would like this Sub-committee to discuss please email to the HKVA Secretary [email protected] HKVA Policy on Animal Welfare ...
Please ask your US senators and representative to support the Animal Welfare in Agricultural Research Endeavors (AWARE) Act--introduced in response to the horrendous abuse suffered by thousands of animals at the federally funded and operated Meat Animal Research Center in Nebraska. The AWARE Act would require federal farm animal research operations to abide by the Animal Welfare Act.
The purpose of this review is to present the best available scientific knowledge on key animal welfare issues during swine transport, such as transport duration and distance, time off feed and water, rest intervals, environmental conditions, loading density, and transport of young animals, based on their impact on stress, injury, fatigue, dehydration, body temperature, mortality, and carcass and meat quality. The review was limited to this set of priority welfare issues which were identified by the National Farm Animal Care Council (NFACC) Scientific Committee to help with the development of the livestock transportation Codes of Practice. This review focuses primarily on research related to the transport of market pigs (100-135 kg) which is a reflection of the current literature available on pig transportation. This information presented here can be used to support other animal welfare codes, guidelines, standards or legislations regulating the welfare of pigs during transport. Based on the available
Animal welfare is about quality of life. An animal feels most comfortable in an environment that allows it to express its natural behaviour and does not cause any chronic stress, pain or fear. Feed, care, housing and medical treatments all influence the welfare of agricultural animals. Animal welfare is judged using the five freedoms. An animal should be free: of hunger, thirst and inappropriate nutrition; of physical and physiological inconveniences; of pain, wounds and diseases; of fear and chronic stress; to express its natural (species-specific) behaviour. Wageningen UR is looking at ways to guarantee these freedoms in animal husbandry.
Humane endpoints are a core refinement concept in animal experimentation. This paper identifies an urgent requirement for individuals and institutions to refocus on humane endpoints as part of the transposition of Directive 2010/63/EU into the national laws of the Member States, and to go beyond their legal construction when setting new guidance or applying humane endpoints in practice. It will be argued that requirements for humane endpoints within the Directive appear not to promote recent advances in best practice, but seem reliant on a narrow and potentially outdated definition of the term. We describe progress that has been made in encouraging change in the construction and application of humane endpoints, and suggest that Directive 2010/63/EU does not sufficiently acknowledge the conceptual complexity of this refinement strategy. For example, a useful development representing recent consensual views of best practice has been proposed by an EU consortium (in 2012). A complex approach to ...
They found that practices in the area of outdoor access, stocking density and day-night rhythm were overall perceived to have a larger impact on perceptions of animal friendliness than other practices, such as transport duration or the type of breed used.. Individuals differed regarding the extent to which they believed the different farm management practices influenced the animal friendliness of the production system. Differences between individuals regarding their knowledge about and familiarity with livestock farming, degree of anthropomorphism, and their moral beliefs regarding animal welfare partly explained the relative importance individuals attached to farm management practices.. The findings highlight some interesting differences between expert (i.e. animal science-based) and consumer perceptions of animal welfare, remark de Jonge and van Trijp in their discussion. For example, the type of breed that is used is seen by animal scientists as one of the most important factors that ...
FRANCE - New animal welfare rules from France will aim to place welfare at the heart of the agriculture strategy, according to farming minister Stéphane Le Foll.
FRANCE - New animal welfare rules from France will aim to place welfare at the heart of the agriculture strategy, according to farming minister Stéphane Le Foll.
How far have we come and what is the future for farm animal welfare? This will be the focus of a public lecture and international conference at Bristol University this week. Entitled Farm animal health and welfare - past, present and future, the lecture will be given by Alick Simmons, Deputy Chief Veterinary Officer of the UK Government Department, Defra (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs). The lecture takes place at 6.30 pm on Thursday, April 17 in the Powell Lecture Theatre, H H Wills Physics Building, Tyndall Avenue, Bristol. It is free and open to everyone. The lecture is part of this years Colston Research Society Symposium, a two-day meeting at the Universitys School of Veterinary Science at Langford, which will bring together an international line-up of experts to discuss farm animal welfare and the link with disease.. The symposium entitled, Farm animal welfare and the interface with disease, has six sessions that will progress from the fundamentals of animal welfare, ...
Animal welfare, etológia és tartástechnológia Animal welfare, ethology and housing systems Volume 7 Issue 4 Különszám Gödöllı THE CONTROL OF VARROA MITE IN ORGANIC APICULTURE Dániel Szalai, Tamás
Animal Welfare and Development Conference scheduled on November 02-03, 2020 in November 2020 in San Francisco is for the researchers, scientists, scholars, engineers, academic, scientific and university practitioners to present research activities that might want to attend events, meetings, seminars, congresses, workshops, summit, and symposiums.
Developed in response to industry demand, an animal welfare course where you will learn the about the theory and practice of animal welfare - wildlife, pets, farm animals.
Animal welfare science is a multidisciplinary subject. To advance the broad subject of animal welfare, researchers need to meet and discuss their results and ideas. These symposia are intended to be a friendly scientific forum for such discussion. Both natural and social scientists are welcome ...
The Animal Welfare Society exists to provide humane shelter and care to animals and to further the cause of responsible animal adoption and ownership.
you are here Guide > Animal Welfare Organisations > New South Wales > Animal Welfare Organisations - DABS (Domestic Animal Birth Control Society) in Canterbury ...
Volunteer with Progressive Animal Welfare Society of Bremerton, o. Find Progressive Animal Welfare Society of Bremerton, o volunteering opportunities at VolunteerMatch!
Are consumers ready to understand the added value of animal welfare in the food products they consume? This was the question asked today at the European Commissions animal welfare conference in Milan.
The Acting Administrator of the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, United States Department of Agriculture [hereinafter Complainant], instituted this disciplinary administrative proceeding under the Animal Welfare Act, as amended (7 U.S.C. §§ 2131-2159) [hereinafter the Animal Welfare Act]; the regulations and standards issued under the Animal Welfare Act (9 C.F.R. §§ 1.1-3.142) [hereinafter the Regulations and Standards]; and the Rules of Practice Governing Formal Adjudicatory Proceedings Instituted by the Secretary Under Various Statutes (7 C.F.R. §§ 1.130-.151) [hereinafter the Rules of Practice], by filing a Complaint on February 22, 1996.. The Complaint alleges that: (1) on October 5, 1994, November 15, 1994, and January 31, 1995, Samuel Zimmerman [hereinafter Respondent] failed to maintain complete records showing the acquisition, disposition, and identification of animals in willful violation of section 10 of the Animal Welfare Act (7 U.S.C. § 2140) and section 2.75(a)(1) ...
California processor Central Valley Meat Co. is the subject of a recent Internet animal cruelty video released by anti-meat organization, Compassion over Killing. The video captured instances of inhumane handling practices that are not condoned by the beef and cattle industry or the Canadian Cattlemens Association (CCA). The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) suspended operations at the company pending investigation of the animal welfare issues cited in the video. The plant reopened after federal officials approved corrective action plans to improve the treatment of animals. As a result of the video, major customers, including McDonalds Corp., cancelled or suspended contracts with the company. These types of undercover videos, typically taken by activists with an ordinary cellphone, draw attention to animal welfare issues. Their underlying motivation in exposing such acts is not to improve animal agriculture; but to end it by falsely portraying inhumane practices as the industry ...
Historically, animal welfare has been defined by the absence of negative states such as disease, hunger and thirst. However, a shift in animal welfare science has led to the understanding that good animal welfare cannot be achieved without the experience of positive states. Unequivocally, the housing environment has significant impacts on animal welfare. This review summarises how cage and cage-free housing systems impact some of the key welfare issues for layer hens: musculoskeletal health, disease, severe feather pecking, and behavioural expression. Welfare in cage-free systems is currently highly variable, and needs to be addressed by management practices, genetic selection, further research, and appropriate design and maintenance of the housing environment. Conventional cages lack adequate space for movement, and do not include features to allow behavioural expression. Hens therefore experience extreme behavioural restriction, musculoskeletal weakness and an inability to experience positive ...
To help veterinarians and the general public understand the complexity and passion behind animal welfare issues, the American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA) has launched its
According to an Ipsos opinion poll, Walloons approve of the priorities concerning animal welfare for the 2014 to 2019 legislature forwarded by the animal rights
As public awareness of environmental issues and animal welfare has risen, catering to public concerns and views on these issues has become a potentially profitable strategy for marketing a number of product types, of which animal products such as dairy and meat are obvious examples. Our analysis suggests that specific marketing instruments are used to sell animal products by blurring the difference between the paradigms of animal welfare used by producers, and the paradigms of animal welfare as perceived by the (...) public. These instruments rely on ethical, political and sustainable consumption discourses in order to sell one image of animal welfare in intensive animal production while the actual production at the same time presupposes a quite different paradigm of animal welfare. Specifically, product advertising utilizes representations tied to concepts of naturalness in depictions of both animal lives and product processes as "natural". Product marketing suggests a coherence between nature, ...
The key animal welfare issues in dairy production relate to bobby calves, cow-calf separation and painful procedures or conditions.. In order to produce milk, cows must give birth to a calf. Male calves are generally considered a low-value waste product by the industry and are usually slaughtered at five days of age. The RSPCA is concerned about the potential for poor treatment of these bobby calves on farm, during transport and at slaughter.. Calves are separated from their mothers within 24 hours of birth, mainly to reduce the risk of disease in the calf and to ensure the calf is fed adequate colostrum. Cow-calf separation is a practice which is stressful for both cow and calf.. In addition, the removal of horns from calves without pain relief or anaesthetic, lameness and mastitis in cows, and the live export of dairy cattle for breeding purposes, all pose animal welfare concerns.. For dairy cows to have a good life, they need to be healthy and well fed, be protected from weather extremes, ...
On June 19, 2003, the McDonalds Corp. announced a ban on the use of growth-promoting antibiotics in chickens raised for the companys 30,000 restaurants worldwide. The policy, to be fully implemented by the end of 2004, requires suppliers to eliminate feeding antibiotics used in human medicine to chickens to make them grow abnormally fast and large. McDonalds is promoting the policy as part of its overall commitment to social responsibility and animal welfare. In 2000, McDonalds became the first U.S. food company to impose minimum welfare standards on its egg suppliers when it announced suppliers must stop withholding food from hens to manipulate egg production (a practice known as forced molting), increase the amount of cage space for each hen from 48 to 72 square inches, and phase out debeaking. The move signaled acknowledgement that many farming practices are not only inhumane, but are also responsible for a growing number of health risks affecting both animals raised for food and ...
The 3Rs: Replacement, Reduction, and Refinement, are important from a legal, ethical and scientific standpoint. All research using animals in the US, for example at universities and pharmaceutical companies, is regulated by the Animal Welfare Act (AWA), which is administered by the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) of the US Department of Agriculture…
I live in Australia and we did have a flourishing sealing industry until the mid 19th century. Thank goodness it finished then and I am appalled that there are still 5 countries who rely (so they say) commercially on sealing. I just assumed, I guess, and silly of me to do so, that because Australia is no longer a party to this practice, that no-one else was either. I am so glad that I live in a country that increasingly recognises that animal protection and welfare is a high priority. Also, as a member of the Commonwealth, I am surprised and disappointed that Canada, still a Commonwealth country also, is still a party to this trade. I might also add, however, that in Australia, we do still have battles to win for the protection of our domestic and native animals, one battle being that of saving the dingo. One of those organisations of which I support is the Save the Fraser Island Dingo, a true battlefield in animal welfare. And as far as China is concerned - Canada, dont go there. With regard ...
The Acting Administrator of the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (hereinafter Complainant) instituted this disciplinary administrative proceeding under the Animal Welfare Act, as amended (7 U.S.C. §§ 2131-2159) (hereinafter the Animal Welfare Act); the regulations and standards issued under the Animal Welfare Act (9 C.F.R. §§ 1.1-3.142) (hereinafter the Regulations and Standards); and the Rules of Practice Governing Formal Adjudicatory Proceedings Instituted by the Secretary (7 C.F.R. §§ 1.130- .151) (hereinafter the Rules of Practice), by filing a Complaint on July 6, 1994. On September 2, 1994, Respondents Counsel, Christopher M. Patterson, Esq., filed an Answer to the Complaint on behalf of Respondent. On December 11, 1995, Respondents Counsel filed a Motion to Withdraw Appearance, which motion Administrative Law Judge Edwin S. Bernstein (hereinafter ALJ) granted on December 18, 1995.. On December 21, 1995, Complainant filed an Amended Complaint which includes counts I-VI ...
New legal requirements are being introduced in New South Wales and will require all abattoirs to designate an Animal Welfare Officer to be present on the premises to monitor and take responsibility for the welfare of animals. Minister for Primary Industries, Katrina Hodgkinson, today announced the new animal welfare
This workshop comprised four complementary talks exploring possible ways in which recent research in neuroscience could be of interest to animal welfare scientists. Three of the talks centred on the hippocampus and the likely role of adult hippocampal neurogenesis (AHN) in positive welfare.. Bruno Frenguelli described data from laboratory rodents demonstrating that environmental enrichment (EE) can reduce or even abolish the age-related cognitive decline that is usually seen in mice housed in standard laboratory caging. If old mice were housed in enriched cages for ten weeks they become leaner, showed increased exploration of the elevated plus maze indicative of lower anxiety, showed no signs of neurological aging and improved spatial memory compared with control mice housed in standard cages. Bruno argued that EE works by releasing BDNF into the brain, which in turn leads to AHN and increases in dendritic spine density. This work suggests a mechanism for some of the known beneficial effects of ...
Understanding Asia The income per capita for developing countries in Asia in the early 70s were in estimation of 1/10th in comparison to developed countries in the west. Economics being the guiding factor for any enterprise and privately owned veterinary practices were rarely seen. Families were focused on sustaining their needs rather than their wants. The public, hence did not regard veterinary care as a priority...although many people at that time had adopted pets from the streets. These pets were kept entirely for utility purposes i.e., dogs to guard properties and cats to rid off rats. On the other-hand people who owned pedigree pets were more profit-orientated with their various breeding practices and hence welfare was not a valued consideration at all. And because of the local scenario that ridiculed the veterinary profession, the veterinarians themselves took a defensive stand and approached the science with secondary and not primary health care in mind. Like any snowballing effect, the ...
The Philadelphia Police Departments Mounted Police Unit was joined at its headquarters by U.S. Rep. Patrick Meehan, R-Pa., the Animal Welfare Institute (AWI), the ASPCA (The American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals) and The Humane Society of the United States to garner public support for federal legislation to stop the inhumane killing of American horses for human consumption.
Institute of Animal Health Pirbright Laboratory - Animal Welfare Organisations Woking, Surrey, GU24 0NF. . View contact details, opening hours and reviews. See what other people have said or leave your own review. Brought to you courtesy of My Local Services.
Report on Animal Welfare Aspects of the Use of Bovine Somatotrophin (PDF). The Scientific Committee on Animal Health and Animal ... Animal welfare[edit]. A portion of the population,[25] including many vegans and Jains, object to dairy production as unethical ... However, based on negative animal welfare effects,[29] rBST has not been allowed in Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Japan, ... The animals might serve multiple purposes (for example, as a draught animal for pulling a plough as a youngster, and at the end ...
Animal welfare[edit]. Main article: Eyestalk ablation. Eyestalk ablation is the removal of one (unilateral) or both (bilateral ... Manual of Diagnostic Tests for Aquatic Animals 2011 (6th ed.). World Organization for Animal Health (OIE). 2009. ISBN 978-92- ... unlike bacteria associated with terrestrial animals, are not zoonotic. Only a few disease transfers from animals to humans have ... The animal density should not exceed 500/litre for young postlarvae and 50/liter for larger ones, such as PL-15.[12] ...
Animal welfare[edit]. Fish are sometimes maintained in inadequate conditions by inexperienced aquarists who often keep too many ... This has given the hobby a bad reputation among some animal welfare groups, such as PETA, who accuse aquarists of treating ... "Fish in Tanks? No, Thanks! , Companion Animal Factsheets , Companion Animals , The Issues". PETA. Retrieved 2016-05-20.. ... Fish are animals and generate waste as they metabolize food, which aquarists must manage. Fish, invertebrates, fungi, and some ...
Animal welfare[edit]. Information relating to whether boiling a partially-developed embryo is ethically acceptable or not can ... The eating of balut is controversial due to religious, animal welfare, and human health concerns. ... making the animal or animal-product "maytah".[19][22] Because balut is an egg containing a partly-developed embryo,[23] Muslims ... includes understanding and respecting the law that any animal products should not be eaten if the animal has not been ...
Animal Welfare Vol. 5. Berlin: Springer Verlag. pp. 21-35. *^ Fraser, A.F. and D.M/ Broom. 1990. Farm Animal Welfare and ... Animal welfare[edit]. The practice of dairy production in a factory farm environment has been criticized by animal welfare ... Lameness is commonly considered one of the most significant animal welfare issues for dairy cattle,[41][42][43][44] and is best ... Young, B. A. (1981). "Cold Stress as it Affects Animal Production". Journal of Animal Science. 52 (1): 154-163. doi:10.2527/ ...
"Animal Welfare". A&W. Retrieved 25 January 2018.. *^ "A&W Revenue Royalties Income Fund , Structure". www.awincomefund.ca. ... Animal welfare[edit]. The chicken and eggs served at A&W are from hens who lived in enriched cages and were fed a vegetarian ... The company's advertising also shifted to a focus on animal welfare, such as chicken and beef raised without antibiotics. ... Antibiotics are only used in the company's animals when medically necessary, and those animals are taken out of production.[22] ...
It has been attacked by animal rights and animal welfare activists, with PETA running a campaign against the practice in 2004. ... Animal welfare developments[edit]. In Australia, mulesing of Merino sheep is a common practice to reduce the incidence of ... The Animal Welfare Advisory Committee to the New Zealand Ministry of Agriculture Code of recommendations and minimum standards ... To broaden the wool and give the animals some size, it is thought some English Leicester blood was introduced. The resultant ...
In recent years, animal welfare activists have tried to stop the practice because of cruelty to the animal.[19][20][21][22] ... Many people, including animal rights and animal welfare advocates, consider this a cruel, barbaric blood sport in which the ... A number of animal rights and animal welfare groups undertake anti-bullfighting actions in Spain and other countries. ... Animal welfare investigations into the practice revealed that some bulls are poked with sticks and scythes, some have their ...
Animal welfare[edit]. Main article: Bans on ritual slaughter. Opponents of dhabīḥah ḥalāl, most notably some animal welfare ... The UK Farm Animal Welfare Council says that the method by which kosher and halal meat is produced causes severe suffering to ... In a poultry farm or slaughter house, one animal must not witness another animal being slaughtered.[citation needed] ... In the United Kingdom, the government funded an independent advisory body Farm Animal Welfare Council to examine the issue, ...
Animal welfare[edit]. Civet in a cage. Initially, civet coffee beans were picked from wild civet excrement found around coffee ... The animals often lose their fur.[32] A BBC investigation revealed similar findings.[4] ... The luak, that's a small catlike animal, gorges after dark on the most ripe, the best of our crop. It digests the fruit and ... The animals were deprived of exercise, a proper diet, and space. Video footage from the investigation shows abnormal behaviours ...
"Farm Animal Welfare Council: Report on the Welfare of Farmed Animals at Slaughter or Killing Part 1: Red Meat Animals" (PDF). ... animal welfare organizations such as Compassion in World Farming.[40] The UK Farm Animal Welfare Council said that the method ... the animal appears not to feel it. From an animal welfare standpoint, the major concern during ritual slaughter are the ... Animal welfare controversies[edit]. See also: Legal aspects of ritual slaughter. General description of controversy[edit]. The ...
Animal welfare[edit]. Various programs operate in the US that promote the notion that animals raised for food can be treated ... In response, animal welfare advocates ask for evidence that any factory-bred animal is better off caged than free.[49] Farm ... "Egg Production & Welfare".. *^ Saja, Krzysztof (11 October 2012). "The moral footprint of animal products". Agriculture and ... or cite their concerns about animal welfare, animal rights, environmental ethics, and religious reasons. In response, some ...
KBP3123-3123.5 - Animal protection. Animal welfare. Animal rights. KBP3124-3125 - Birth control. Family planning. KBP3127-3135 ... KB3123-3123.5 - Animal protection. Animal welfare. Animal rights. KB3124-3125 - Birth control. Family planning. KB3127-3135 - ... Welfare. Charities. KB1572-1690 - Courts and procedure. KB2000-2035 - Public law. The State. KB2101-2862 - Constitutions and ... Public welfare. Caritas. KBU3282-3310 - Medical ethics and legislation. Church policy. KBU3320-3460 - Church property. Church ...
PETA's Animal Times, UK, Autumn 2005 *^ The Animal Welfare Foundation of Canada article The Disposal of Spent Laying Hens by ... Euthanasia of animals[edit]. Diving animals such as mink and burrowing animals, such as rodents and rats, are sensitive to low- ... Animal Welfare. 4: 273-280.. *^ "Hazards of Nitrogen Asphyxiation" (PDF). U.S. Chemical Safety and Hazard Investigation Board. ... Animal slaughter. Notes[edit]. *^ European Industrial Gases Association (2009), Hazards of Inert Gases and Oxygen Depletion, ...
Their treatment on fur farms has been a focus of animal rights and animal welfare[2] activism. American mink have established ... "Animal Welfare. 21 (3): 363-371. doi:10.7120/09627286.21.3.363.. *^ Schlimme, Kurt. "ADW: Neovison vison: INFORMATION". ... Minks are among the animals that can be infected with the coronavirus.[19] Transmission of the virus from minks to humans was ... "National Farm Animal Care Council. Archived from the original on 5 April 2018.. ...
a b McGreevy, P.D. & Nicholas, F.W. (1999). Some Practical Solutions to Welfare Problems in Dog Breeding. In Animal Welfare. 8 ... In domestic animals[edit]. Further information: Domestication of animals. Neoteny is seen in domesticated animals such as dogs ... The environment that domesticated animals are raised in determines whether or not neoteny is present in those animals. ... Some common neotenous physical traits in domesticated animals (mainly dogs, pigs, ferrets, cats, and even foxes) include: ...
"Animal Welfare Legislation". The Paw Project. Retrieved 2016-05-22.. *^ Pavley. "SB 1229 Senate Bill - CHAPTERED". Leginfo.ca. ... "Animal Welfare Act 2006" (PDF). Opsi.gov.uk. 2015-10-19. Retrieved 2016-05-22.. ... "Federal Act on the Protection of Animals (Animal Protection Act - TSchG)" (PDF). Ris.bka.gv.at. Retrieved 2016-05-22.. ... It did not directly address declawing as an animal welfare issue. The CVMA initially prevailed in Superior Court, but in June ...
Environment/Animal Welfare *Habitat Loss Due to Expansion of Mining Development. *Increased U.S. pork and poultry exports ... Animal rights groups have opposed this legislation due to the possibility of spreading factory farming practices through Latin ... and mining development that causes deforestation and habitat loss for animals.[21] ...
"Hokkaido Animal Welfare and Control Ordinance". Hokkaido Animal Welfare and Control Ordinance Chapter 2, Section 3. Archived ... "Animal health & welfare. Department of Environment Food and Rural Affairs (defra) © Crown copyright 2006. Archived from the ... "Animal Services". Dallas City Code, Chapter 7: "Animals"; Article VII: "Miscellaneous". American Legal Publishing Corporation. ... "USDA Animal Welfare Information Center.. *^ "Ferret Racing , Countryman Fairs". www.countrymanfairs.co.uk. Archived from the ...
Willie Nelson and the Nelson Family covered the song and issued a video to help the Animal Welfare Institute campaign to ... "Willie & The Nelson Family , Animal Welfare Institute". Awionline.org. Retrieved 10 January 2016.. ...
Consumer Safety: Commitment to Science...Respect for Animal Welfare". www.avoncompany.com. Retrieved 2017-03-16.. ... Because Avon is not globally animal-testing free, People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA) has not included Avon on ... Animal testing[edit]. Avon vowed in 1989 that as a company located in the United States, it would no longer participate in ... "Urge Avon to Stop Paying for Cruel Tests on Animals in China". PETA. Retrieved 2017-03-16.. ...
American Veterinary Medical Association ‎ (References for history/policies/animal welfare sections) *13:35, 5 May 2009 (diff , ... Animal euthanasia ‎ (→‎External links) *19:13, 16 September 2010 (diff , hist) . . (-371)‎ . . Talk:Veal ‎ (→‎The humane ...
"Nonhuman Primates: Research Animals". Animal Welfare Information Center. United States Department of Agriculture. Archived from ... International Fund for Animal Welfare. Archived from the original (pdf) on 2011-02-18. Retrieved 2011-02-26.. ... "Animal Diversity Web. Retrieved 2008-06-03.. *^ a b White, T. & Kazlev, A. (2006-01-08). "Archonta: Primates". Palaeos. ... "Animal Diversity Web. Retrieved 2008-08-08.. *^ Wright, P.; Simmons, E.; Gursky, S. (2003). "Introduction". In Wright, P.; ...
Fraser, Andrew Ferguson (2012). Feline Behaviour and Welfare. CABI. p. 53. ISBN 9781845939267.. Prosimians and New World ... Some animals use a strategy termed the dear enemy effect in which two neighbouring territorial animals become less aggressive ... Many animals use vocalisations to advertise their territory. These are short-term signals transmitted only when the animal is ... Rather than retaining a territory simply by fighting, for some animals this can be a 3-stage process. Many animals create "sign ...
Horse care Horse behavior Cooper, J.; McGreevy, P. (2007). The Welfare of Horses. Animal Welfare. Springer, Dordrecht. pp. 99- ...
Child Welfare Information Gateway. 2007. Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 October 2007. Retrieved 2009-02-27.. ... Ayurveda stresses the use of plant-based medicines and treatments, with some animal products, and added minerals, including ... Substance based practices use substances found in nature such as herbs, foods, non-vitamin supplements and megavitamins, animal ... but may also include the use of animal and mineral products.[74] It is among the most commercially successful branches of ...
COST B24: Laboratory animal science and welfare European Cooperation in the field of Scientificand Technical Research (COST) is ... The COST Manual of Laboratory Animal Care and Use: Refinement, Reduction, and Research. Editors Bryan Howard, Timo Nevalainen, ... Action B24 is to increase knowledge necessary for both ethically sustainable and scientifically valid use of laboratory animals ...
Its an animal welfare issue." For the highly endangered North Atlantic right whale population, it was a devastating summer ... 83 percent of all North Atlantic right whales have had at least one entanglement with more than half of those animals ... there is still grave concern about these massive animals becoming entangled in fishing ropes. For chronic entanglements, they ...
... witnessed a major revolution in social concern with animal welfare and the moral status of animals. Adopting the stance of a ... From his position as a moderate, Guither presents a brief history of animal protection and the emergence of animal rights, ... or enjoy animals in entertainment and leisure pursuits. A reference work for students in animal sciences and veterinary ... animal and biomedical researchers, and manufacturers and distributors of animal equipment and supplies. ...
Graduates also emerge with leadership skills in the area of animal welfare. The degree is the only program of its kind in North ... Laboratory animal science is a fascinating, relatively new field of applied science which deals with the biology of animal ... Please see the curriculum and course descriptions and contact the Department of Animal Sciences to find out how this degree can ... The B.S. in Laboratory Animal Science is the degree of choice for students who are interested in pre-vet, pre-med, and ...
Animal rights people believe that animals should not be used for food, clothing, entertainment, medical research, or product ... Animal rights is the position that animals should not be exploited. ... Animal Welfare Institute (AWI) - animal welfare supporter  work to protect endangered species, improve lives of animals used ... 16  Animals for meat  Animals for milk  Animals for fiber  Animals for pharmaceutical production (live)  Animals for ...
If you approach at an read Health, Illness and Culture: Broken Narratives (Routledge Studies in Health and Social Welfare) 2008 ... cells, elaborately animals, are a read in fully 15 donor of single influence lines commercially. These are some applications of ... Read Health, Illness And Culture: Broken Narratives (Routledge Studies In Health And Social Welfare) 2008. by Mabel 3.9 ... It is a read Health, Illness and Culture: Broken Narratives (Routledge Studies in Health and Social Welfare) 2008 of sure ...
USDA Animal Care, a unit within the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, administers the Animal Welfare Act (AWA). This ... USDA Animal Care also employs veterinarians who specialize in the care of particular animal species as well as those with a ... The following animals are not covered: farm animals used for food or fiber (fur, hide, etc.); coldblooded species (amphibians ... Facilities using regulated animals for regulated purposes must provide their animals with adequate housing, sanitation, ...
We provide training for all employees who work with animals and employ animal welfare officers to oversee best practices. We ... developing alternatives to animal testing. About alternatives to animal testing. Like all research-based healthcare companies, ... Association for Assessment and Accreditation of Laboratory Animal Care International Website. Downloads. *FAQs on Animal ... Before any new treatment can be used in humans, it must first be tested in animals to determine that it is safe and effective. ...
Street dogs in Chennai Fauna of India Animal welfare and rights in China Animal welfare and rights in Brazil Animal welfare in ... Animal rights Animal welfare Timeline of animal welfare and rights Speciesism Parliament of India (1982). "The Prevention of ... Indias first national animal welfare law, the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act, 1960, criminalizes cruelty to animals, ... Category:Animal welfare organisations based in India Cattle slaughter in India Animal sacrifice in Hinduism Animal sacrifice ...
Ms Soares shared them among her followers and they swiftly went viral, with animal lovers appalled at the pets apparent ...
Animal Welfare Council (AWC) is an industry funded lobbying organization for the rodeos and affiliated industries in animal ... Who We Are?, Animal Welfare Council, accessed January 2009 *↑ NAIA Officers & Board, National Animal Interest Alliance, ... the Animal Welfare Council. "Now that animal rights groups and ban supporters have been successful in legislative efforts to ... The Animal Welfare Council primarily represents rodeos, but also ranching, horse slaughter, the Premarin industry, circuses and ...
But laboratory animal scientists also "have this consideration for animal welfare, this ethical consideration," he says. Its a ... If scientists are convinced that animal welfare is better not just for animals but also for science, acceptance is much more ... More on Laboratory Animal Science. The American Association for Laboratory Animal Science defines laboratory animal science as ... using the animals to teach the scientific method to children and make them aware of the need to ensure animal welfare, he says. ...
The final section provides the Animal Welfare Act, Animal Welfare Regulations and Policies that pertain only to commercial dog ... Proper veterinary care is vital to ensure that regulated animals receive humane care and treatment, so Animal Welfare Act ... The program is now poised to more completely fulfill its leadership role with the APHIS Center for Animal Welfare (Center). ... Ongoing and still to come are efforts to provide leadership and current information on the latest in animal welfare science and ...
Animal Welfare Information about Albuquerques Animal Welfare services. http://www.cabq.gov/pets/pets http://www.cabq.gov/@@ ... About Animal Welfare. Albuquerques lost and adoptable pets are our highest priority. We are honored to help with pet-care ... Its the Law Animal Welfare Department Ordinance 9-2-3-14 reads: ... Animal Welfare. Information about Albuquerques Animal Welfare ... Noisy Animals. Sometimes animals can get noisy and it can be a distraction. ...
Feed, care, housing and medical treatments all influence the welfare of agricultural animals. Animal welfare is judged using ... An animal feels most comfortable in an environment that allows it to express its natural behaviour and does not cause any ... Wageningen UR is looking at ways to guarantee these freedoms in animal husbandry. ... the five freedoms. An animal should be free: of hunger, thirst and inappropriate nutrition; of physical and physiological ...
... has a deep respect for animal welfare and does not conduct animal testing. Avon does not conduct animal testing on its products ... Avon is a strong advocate of both the ethical and humane treatment of animals and the protection of human health and safety. ... no animal testing), has undergone rigorous and thorough safety evaluation, and can be used with the utmost confidence. ...
Source for information on Animal Welfare and Rights: II. Vegetarianism: Encyclopedia of Bioethics dictionary. ... VEGETARIANISMVegetarianism is traditionally defined as the practice of abstaining from eating animal flesh. Modern vegetarian ... Animal Welfare and Rights: V. Zoos and Zoological Parks Animal Welfare and Rights: VI. Animals in Agriculture and Factory ... Animal Welfare and Rights: I. Ethical Perspectives on the Treatment and Status of Animals ...
... operations have often been vilified by animal activists, more ... In the controversial world of animal agriculture, large-scale ... "Its very important that we dont look at animals as being little people," agrees Edmond Pajor, assistant professor of animal ... In the controversial world of animal agriculture, large-scale "confinement" operations have often been vilified by animal ... and many experts in animal welfare admit that the issue is not always black and white. ...
Cora Bailey is Special Advisor Companion Animals for IFAW; she also founded and runs Community Led Animal Welfare (CLAW) in ... International Fund for Animal Welfare , 290 Summer Street, Yarmouth Port, MA 02675 , USA. IFAW is a 501(c)3 nonprofit ... IFAW experts are available for comment on a wide array of animal welfare topics both as a general resource and for media ... The documentary film Born to Be Free produced with support by the International Fund for Animal Welfare (IFAW) will open Watch ...
Recently we had two emaciated dogs arrive at the Mdzananda Animal Clinic, an International Fund for Animal Welfare partner, ... International Fund for Animal Welfare , 87-90 Albert Embankment, London SE1 7UD , United Kingdom. © IFAW is a company limited ... IFAW experts are available for comment on a wide array of animal welfare topics both as a general resource and for media ... The documentary film Born to Be Free produced with support by the International Fund for Animal Welfare (IFAW) will open Watch ...
Early in the morning on August 23, 2017, International Fund for Animal Welfare (IFAW), The Wild Animal Sanctuary (TWAS) and ... International Fund for Animal Welfare , 301 1/2 Bank Street, Unit 2, Ottawa, ON K2P 1X7 , Canada , 888-500-4329 , [email protected] ... IFAW experts are available for comment on a wide array of animal welfare topics both as a general resource and for media ... Today marks World Spay Day, and the International Fund for Animal Welfare has plenty to celebrate. From Indonesia to Northern ...
We are considering amendments to the Animal Welfare regulations concerning the marine mammal standards for which consensus ... Animal Welfare; Marine Mammals. A Proposed Rule by the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service on 05/30/2002. ... The Animal Welfare Act (the Act) (7 U.S.C. 2131 et seq.) authorizes the Secretary of Agriculture to promulgate standards and ... We are considering amendments to the Animal Welfare regulations concerning the marine mammal standards for which consensus ...
... www.cabq.gov/municipaldevelopment/documents/cip-documents/environmental-planning-commission-2011-go-bond-program/animal_welfare ...
... will remove pork from their supply chain that is held in confinement cages which is a major victory for the welfare of animals. ... talks about the risks for animals involved in food production. He also announced that Burger King is going to change the way it ... will remove pork from their supply chain that is held in confinement cages which is a major victory for the welfare of animals. ... Wayne Pacelle, president of the Humane Society of the U.S., talks about the risks for animals involved in food production. He ...
... is mandated by the Animal Welfare Act (AWA) to provide information for improved animal care and use in research, testing, and ... Animal Welfare Information Center. The Animal Welfare Information Center (AWIC) is mandated by the Animal Welfare Act (AWA) to ... Animal Welfare Act (AWA). Sets standards for the treatment of animals in research, exhibition, transport, and by dealers. ... Workshop on Meeting the Information Requirements of the Animal Welfare Act AWIC provides training on how to effectively search ...
  • A reference work for students in animal sciences and veterinary medicine, the book also poses questions for philosophers, sociologists, and public policymakers as well as animal owners, animal and biomedical researchers, and manufacturers and distributors of animal equipment and supplies. (google.com)
  • In the past decade, philosopher Bernard Rollin points out, we have "witnessed a major revolution in social concern with animal welfare and the moral status of animals. (google.com)
  • The philosophical conflict, however, is fairly clear: those who resist reform, fearing that radical change in the treatment of animals will infringe on their business and property rights, versus the new activists who espouse a different set of moral and ethical obligations toward animals. (google.com)
  • From his position as a moderate, Guither presents a brief history of animal protection and the emergence of animal rights, describes the scope of the movement, and identifies major players such as Paul and Linda McCartney and organizations such as People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals that are actively involved in the movement. (google.com)
  • The RSPCA/UFAW Rodent (and now Rabbit) Welfare Group held a one-day meeting on 1 November 2016 at the University of Edinburgh and was attended by 70 delegates. (awionline.org)
  • A law passed in 2016-the 21st Century Cures Act-has given the research industry the opening that it has sought to reduce oversight of the treatment of animals. (awionline.org)
  • Monterey County Animal Services acknowledges in November 2016, a call was received regarding "multiple bodies dumped" in the riverbed near the Elm Street bridge in Greenfield. (mercurynews.com)
  • Monterey County Animal Services, in response to the allegations, said in a press release that since the November 2016 call, "there have been zero reports or tips provided to the agency in regards to deceased animals of any kind being found at this location - or with regard to suspected animal cruelty at this location. (mercurynews.com)
  • We initially are working in collaboration with RSPCA Australia to address specific visible heritable traits that impact on health and welfare - our "Love is Blind" campaign launched in 2016. (ava.com.au)
  • The RSPCA/UFAW Rodent (and now Rabbit) Working Group has held a one-day meeting every autumn for the last 25 years, so that its members can discuss current welfare research, exchange views on welfare issues and. (awionline.org)
  • The campaign to achieve the UDAW is being co-ordinated by World Animal Protection, with a core working group including Compassion in World Farming, the RSPCA, and the Humane Society International (the international branch of HSUS). (wikipedia.org)
  • Animal rights group RSPCA Australia said the changes do not go far enough. (reuters.com)
  • Nominees from each sector national peak body joined with representatives from Animals Australia, RSPCA, state governments and independent animal health science to make up the Working Group. (frdc.com.au)
  • The process for drafting the new standards and guidelines is managed by Animal Health Australia, a company owned by Commonwealth, state and territory governments and industry bodies, with the actual standards development undertaken by a group of industry and animal welfare representatives (the RSPCA and Animals Australia). (crikey.com.au)
  • In 2015 the AVA convened the Animal Welfare Roundtable in cooperation with RSPCA Australia and the National Farmers Federation. (ava.com.au)
  • If you eat meat, eggs or dairy products and are concerned about welfare then look for products carrying the RSPCA Assured (previously Freedom Food) logo. (rspca.org.uk)
  • Feel great and help shelter animals through volunteering. (cabq.gov)
  • Learn more about volunteering at an animal shelter. (cabq.gov)
  • To organize group of dedicated people as cofounders/volunteers who want to combine their efforts to start a true no kill animal shelter in Shasta County, California. (volunteermatch.org)
  • Contact the animal shelter listed with the photo for more information. (pilotonline.com)
  • id":"27891","bid":"83989","uid":"0","title":"Little shelter","username":"RichardK","rating":"4","pros":"Nice staff","cons":"Too small","description":"The space is really inadequate for the animals but the staff are so nice and do the best they can with what they have. (petmd.com)
  • cloning a dog condemns animals to serve as a means to an end and condemns shelter dogs to be put to rest. (greenanswers.com)
  • Animal lovers who cannot adopt, can sponsor a pet at the shelter. (newstimes.com)
  • While current USDA National Organic Program Regulations mandate 'access to the outdoors, shade, shelter, exercise areas, fresh air and direct sunlight suitable to the species, its stage of production, the climate and the environment,' these vague terms offer little comfort to farm animals. (commondreams.org)
  • With the Canine Flu Epidemic in the City of Chicago and surrounding areas, the Animal Welfare League is taking all necessary precautions and has Closed the Shelter for all Dog Adoptions. (animalwelfareleague.com)
  • With the Canine Flu Epidemic in the City of Chicago and surrounding areas, the Animal Welfare League is taking all necessary precautions and is Closing the Shelter for all Dog Adoptions. (animalwelfareleague.com)
  • A safe clean environment should be provided for any animal with adequate shelter to protect them from the weather extremities which can cause health issues. (edu.au)
  • A " no - kill " shelter is an animal shelter that does not kill healthy or treatable animals even when the shelter is full, reserving euthanasia for terminally ill animals or those considered dangerous to public safety. (aawl.org)
  • The program is now poised to more completely fulfill its leadership role with the APHIS Center for Animal Welfare (Center). (usda.gov)
  • These materials were developed by the Center for Food Security and Public Health in collaboration with USDA APHIS Animal Care to provide information about the role of the attending veterinarian and licensing and regulatory requirements for Breeders and dealers. (usda.gov)
  • Starting in 2010, APHIS inspectors noticed that primates held at Princeton facilities were systematically receiving less water than the very minimum required by the Animal Welfare Act, which, as noted by one inspector, "could be expected to result in more than momentary distress. (pcrm.org)
  • USDA Animal Care, a unit within the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, administers the Animal Welfare Act (AWA). (usda.gov)
  • Avon is a strong advocate of both the ethical and humane treatment of animals and the protection of human health and safety. (youravon.com)
  • As late as the 1950s, the unwritten consensus among health specialists and dieticians was that animal protein in some form is essential to maintain adequate human health. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Analysis of the impact that the conditions and treatment of animals can have on both animal and human health. (europa.eu)
  • This group also looks at well-being and the impact of animals on human health. (qub.ac.uk)
  • Studies are also exploring ways of automatically monitoring farm animal welfare post-mortem, helping farmers to improve herd health, welfare and track the success of newly implemented systems. (qub.ac.uk)
  • For that reason, we do not support routine use of antibiotic drugs to promote growth in livestock, and believe such drugs should be used only as necessary and appropriate to maintain the health of animals. (generalmills.com)
  • In the United States, society and scientists agree on three main concerns about the quality of life of animals: the physical health and productivity of the animal, the animal's ability to avoid negative emotional states such as fear, distress, and pain, and the animal's ability to live a reasonably natural life (Fraser et al. (osu.edu)
  • For example: evidence of a Veterinarian-Client-Patient-Relationship (VCPR), herd/flock health protocols signed off by the veterinarian, protocols for euthanasia (e.g., methods and steps to ensure animals are euthanized in a correct and timely manner), protocols for pain control during painful procedures (e.g., disbudding, castration, etc.), and documented evidence of animal handler training and ethics agreements. (osu.edu)
  • Provide an understanding of the major diseases and welfare of livestock in New Zealand and the relevance of these for production, market access and public health. (massey.ac.nz)
  • The USDA Animal Welfare Act Regulations and Public Health Service Policy make it clear that it is an institutional responsibility to provide training to personnel who work with laboratory animals to ensure that all personnel are qualified to do so. (rit.edu)
  • Assurances shall be submitted to the Office of Laboratory Animal Welfare (OLAW), Office of the Director, National Institutes of Health. (rit.edu)
  • The National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS) is offering Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) grants to develop novel in vitro systems using cells from experimental animal models typically used for toxicology testing. (usda.gov)
  • In February, the RPSCA threatened to abandoned the poultry standard process after the work of animal health scientists was distorted and misrepresented to support the retention of caged egg production - one of the key criticisms of the Productivity Commission of the current process. (crikey.com.au)
  • The AWS offers a sponsor-a-pet program that pairs people with older animals and animals with health, personality or behavioral problems. (newstimes.com)
  • The section welcomes manuscripts concerned with fundamental or applied animal behavior, and studies of animal welfare addressing any of the three philosophical approaches of "naturalness", affective states, or basic health and functioning, to contribute to the advancement of the field. (frontiersin.org)
  • The goal is to achieve greater influence with livestock industry organisations in relation to the setting of health and welfare standards. (ava.com.au)
  • The Regulation of Animal Health and Welfare draws on the research of scientists, lawyers, economists and political scientists to address the current and future regulatory problems posed by the issues of animal health and disease. (routledge.com)
  • This book critically appraises the existing regulatory institutions and guiding principles of how best to maintain animal health in the context of social change and a developing global economy. (routledge.com)
  • To explain how animals might perceive the world, their sense of awareness and cognition, and how welfare can influence their mental health. (edu.au)
  • To describe what animal health services are available and their benefits to animal wellbeing. (edu.au)
  • When an animal's health is at risk then it is important for the owner or carer to seek veterinary assistance, if not then this can become a welfare concern. (edu.au)
  • Again, if the welfare of the animal is under consideration, then this may have effects on the overall health of the animal. (edu.au)
  • An appropriate diet should be fed to keep the animal in optimum health as many health issues can arise from feeding the wrong or inappropriate diet. (edu.au)
  • It is hereby declared and found that the health, welfare and safety of the inhabitants of the Town of Brookhaven require regulations supplementing and superseding Articles 7 and 26 of the New York State Agriculture and Markets Law and pertaining to the licensure, seizure and disposition of privately owned dogs and cats and the humane treatment of animals. (ecode360.com)
  • I immediately contacted Environmental Health who were concerned enough to report to Animal Welfare who inspected promptly and as a result issued four time-restricted improvement orders on those responsible. (derryjournal.com)
  • Cusack added: "I am relieved that measures to improve the health and well-being of these animals are being enforced and would like to thank the concerned citizens for alerting me. (derryjournal.com)
  • To this end, we are increasingly interested in the development of automated in situ welfare and health monitoring. (bristol.ac.uk)
  • Lenz is the immediate past chairman of the Unwanted Horse Coalition and is now a senior director of equine veterinary services at Pfizer Animal Health. (k-state.edu)
  • Thus, in order to recognize the condition of poor welfare or mistreatment, the training of a veterinarian needs to adopt a new approach to animal well being -that is somewhat different from the health ideas that have been prevalent so far. (scirp.org)
  • Vegans do not consume dairy produce or eggs and also exclude products such as honey on the grounds that animals are used and/or killed in producing such types of human nourishment. (encyclopedia.com)
  • In the case of dairy animals, at least one of the tags must be fitted within 36 hours of birth. (nationalarchives.gov.uk)
  • Sustainable dairy production and cattle welfare in ODA countries (in collaboration with KVASU, India, University of Nairobi, Kenya, University of Ghana and the University of Western Australia). (bristol.ac.uk)
  • Chinese zoos have drawn crowds by staging animal spectacles, and by allowing members of the public to buy live chickens, goats, and horses in order to watch them being pulled apart by lions, tigers, and other big cats. (aljazeera.com)
  • Factory farm" is a term commonly used to describe an industrial facility that raises large numbers of farm animals such as pigs, chickens or cows in intensive confinement where their movements are extremely inhibited. (aspca.org)
  • According to Somerton, in September, a volunteer with the San Rafael-based animal protection organization, received a tip about the alleged ongoing mutilation, killing and dumping of dogs, goats, and chickens in the Salinas riverbed. (mercurynews.com)
  • But Somerton and her organization contend that chickens and turkeys have been found in bags with candles, flowers, and herbs, common to the practice of animal ritualistic sacrifice. (mercurynews.com)
  • Chipotle Mexican Grill has improved its animal welfare standards for chickens yet again. (triplepundit.com)
  • Chipotle addressed each of these issues by aligning with the Global Animal Partnership's (GAP) standards for broiler chickens. (triplepundit.com)
  • Chipotle's new commitment includes new goals for 2024, such as transitioning to strains of chickens that are bred for "measurably improved" welfare. (triplepundit.com)
  • Animal rights and welfare groups say a proposition to speed up chicken processing lines will make slaughterhouses even worse for chickens. (yahoo.com)
  • Even at current speeds, hundreds of thousands of chickens are boiled alive every year because the workers can't keep up with the machinery to properly stun or euthanize them," Deborah Press, director of regulatory affairs and government relations for the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, told HuffPost in an email. (yahoo.com)
  • Many of us who aren't avid animal rights activists still appreciate some of the remarkable efforts made in the last few months to treat captive beasts with more dignity and humanity. (pilotonline.com)
  • Applied research includes the use of bioacoustics as a conservation and management tool, effects of anthropogenic noise on wildlife behavior and communication, effects of social behavior on disease transmission in livestock and wildlife and the use of complexity theory and mathematical modeling as a social management tool for captive exotics, wildlife, laboratory animals and domesticated species. (ucdavis.edu)
  • The final part of the module considers ethical review of scientific experiments (facilitated by practical sessions discussing captive animals and experimentation with scientists, zoo researchers or technicians, as appropriate). (bangor.ac.uk)
  • To that end, the center maintains a database of published works and a list of scientists and their expertise in captive animal welfare. (dailytribune.com)
  • The captive animal management industry is rapidly developing from a low-grade, largely manual sector into a service industry meeting the broad demands of the animal owning/interested public. (chester.ac.uk)
  • As researchers try to understand animals' perspectives, Pajor says both traditional and modern livestock producers are striving to find the middle ground between economics and ethics. (csmonitor.com)
  • One aspect of an animal welfare lawyer's job is to ensure that pets, livestock, wildlife and animals used in entertainment are free from cruelty and abuse. (reference.com)
  • Livestock remedies and issues with residues in animal products. (massey.ac.nz)
  • The Wageningen University & Research, Animal Welfare & Adaptation is a partnership of three research groups with strong expertise in animal welfare and adaptation: chair goup Adaptation Physiology , the chair group Behavioural Ecology and the Wageningen Livestock Research department Animal Welfare . (wur.nl)
  • This will include supporting AVA members to promote the use of welfare standards on-farm, to improve productivity and profitability and meet community expectations for the treatment of livestock. (ava.com.au)
  • We identify risk factors for poor welfare in real-life contexts, particularly livestock production, and develop practical solutions for existing and emerging welfare problems. (bristol.ac.uk)
  • The agenda for this group will cover broad topics such as raising livestock or public entertainment in which animals appear. (thepoultrysite.com)
  • Inspectors are classified as veterinary medical officers (VMOs) or Animal Care inspectors (ACIs). (usda.gov)
  • The Animal Welfare and Ethical Review Body (AWERB) is composed of academic and post-doctoral staff, postgraduate students, Named Animal Care and Welfare Officers who work in the University's animal facility, an external lay representative, named veterinary surgeon, DHSSPS Inspector and the Queen's Establishment Licence Holder. (qub.ac.uk)
  • Animal welfare services provide several career opportunities for people wishing to make a positive difference in the welfare of pets ranging from 'on the ground' jobs such as Animal Welfare Inspectors or Rescue Officers to 'behind the scenes' jobs such as Marketing and Fundraising. (edu.au)
  • A spokesperson for Derry City and Strabane District Council said it was aware of the issue and animal welfare officers had issued four Improvement Notices to owners of the animals under the Welfare of Animals Act (NI) 2011. (derryjournal.com)
  • Animal welfare officers are hunting 'irresponsible' pet owners who dumped pregnant guinea pigs in a remote riverside car park in West Sussex. (itv.com)
  • Each day the animals are checked to ensure they are content and have sufficient bedding, food and water. (qub.ac.uk)
  • We appreciate and take seriously public concern about the use of animals in medical research. (roche.com)
  • In light - perhaps one should say darkness - of such images, it is sometimes suggested that animal welfare is exclusively a Western concern. (aljazeera.com)
  • But that is implausible, given that Buddhist tradition places more emphasis on concern for animals than Judaism, Christianity or Islam. (aljazeera.com)
  • Salinas, whose district surrounds the Salinas River, said the association's press release which states "The Monterey County Board of Supervisors has shown little concern for animal welfare and has not allocated enough resources," is inaccurate. (mercurynews.com)
  • Genetic engineering will not necessarily diminish the welfare of animals in agriculture, but given suffering associated with the epizootics of production diseases linked to traditional methods of genetic selection, there is legitimate reason for concern. (springer.com)
  • Having a knowledge of animal welfare will better equip you to convert your care and concern into a career. (edu.au)
  • That concern is addressed in a Colorado Department of Agriculture inspection with a violation against the rule that "enclosures must contain animals, protect them from injury, and keep predators out. (kdvr.com)
  • Facilities using regulated animals for regulated purposes must provide their animals with adequate housing, sanitation, nutrition, water and veterinary care, and they must protect their animals from extreme weather and temperatures. (usda.gov)
  • All VMOs have graduated from a veterinary medical college, and many have been private-practice veterinarians prior to joining USDA Animal Care. (usda.gov)
  • ACIs have education in the biological sciences and/or extensive experience in the care and handling of animals. (usda.gov)
  • If a facility is meeting the federal standards, USDA knows the animals there are receiving humane care and treatment. (usda.gov)
  • Conversely, when inspectors identify items that are not in compliance with the federal standards, USDA Animal Care holds those facilities responsible for properly addressing and correcting those items within a set timeframe. (usda.gov)
  • Animal Care is often asked by regulated and non-regulated stakeholders and industry partners to take the lead and provide guidance on animal welfare issues. (usda.gov)
  • USDA Animal Care created the Dog Breeder Resource Guide to be a practical source of information for commercial dog breeders regulated under the Animal Welfare Act. (usda.gov)
  • Feed, care, housing and medical treatments all influence the welfare of agricultural animals. (wur.nl)
  • Animal Care. (usda.gov)
  • The system is easily manipulated by producers who want to make higher welfare claims on their packages and charge a premium without improving the treatment of animals raised under their care," said Erin Sutherland, staff attorney for AWI's farm animal program. (inhabitat.com)
  • to have an open space facility where animals will be provided with love, attention and medical care that will ultimately. (volunteermatch.org)
  • Set a world class standard for animal care. (volunteermatch.org)
  • Queen's has a dedicated team of technicians who are responsible for the day-to-day care of the animals held in the University's Biological Services Unit (BSU). (qub.ac.uk)
  • We care about animal welfare - and have long-sought to support the humane treatment of animals in agriculture. (generalmills.com)
  • Nearly 2,000 comments by animal care personnel on a variety of topics aimed at improving the living and handling conditions. (awionline.org)
  • 1 day trip to discuss ethical review and free time to explore zoo, half-day discussing animal care with technicians. (bangor.ac.uk)
  • the membership list of the Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee(s) (IACUC) established in accordance with the requirements set forth in IV.A.3. (rit.edu)
  • All Assurances submitted to the PHS in accordance with this Policy will be evaluated by OLAW to determine the adequacy of the institution's proposed program for the care and use of animals in PHS-conducted or supported activities. (rit.edu)
  • The Chief Executive Officer shall appoint an Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (IACUC), qualified through the experience and expertise of its members to oversee the institution's animal program, facilities, and procedures. (rit.edu)
  • PAWS of Bremerton strives to rescue and find new homes for needy pets, offer financial assistance to low-income and elderly pet owners for veterinary services such as spay and neuter operations and emergency medical care, and educate the community about humane, ethical animal care and treatment. (volunteermatch.org)
  • The way zoo animals experience life is controlled by people and the institution, and even though care and exhibits have improved, more work is needed to determine how animals are actually faring. (dailytribune.com)
  • They really care about the animals and try really hard to make good matches. (newstimes.com)
  • Routine care of all AWS animals through local veterinarian hospitals includes standard distemper combinations, rabies inoculations, preventative worming and treatment for other parasites, feline leukemia testing for cats, and heartworm testing and treatment for dogs. (newstimes.com)
  • Where a person does not meet his or her obligations to animals in his or her care, animals may suffer. (ava.com.au)
  • Farm Sanctuary shelters in Watkins Glen, N.Y., and Orland, Calif., provide lifelong care for hundreds of rescued animals, who have become ambassadors for farm animals everywhere by educating visitors about the realities of factory farming. (commondreams.org)
  • All of our animals reside in foster care. (petfinder.com)
  • A portion of all registration fees goes to the Animal Welfare League to support the care of homeless and abused animals. (animalwelfareleague.com)
  • Back up your love of animals with a qualification and take that first step towards a career in the care and welfare of animals. (edu.au)
  • I will continue to monitor this issue to make sure these conditions are applied and standards improve to ensure these animals get the care and attention they deserve. (derryjournal.com)
  • We will treat animals in our care humanely and with respect. (covance.com)
  • Students are based at Reaseheath College where the intensive animal care facilities include over 1000 animals spanning 125 domestic and exotic species, and the college has a reputation as having one of the leading teaching animal collections in the UK. (chester.ac.uk)
  • It brings up many good thinking points, has many thought-provoking resources, and overall has the possibilities of changing or enforcing our current mindset towards animals in human care. (coursera.org)
  • I failed their PACFA (Pet Animal Care Facilities Act) inspection today. (kdvr.com)
  • The following animals are not covered: farm animals used for food or fiber (fur, hide, etc. (usda.gov)
  • What frustrates many industrial farmers, he says, is that the typical consumer has little farm experience and often assumes - without knowing the whole story - that free-range animals automatically have a higher quality of life. (csmonitor.com)
  • Recently, however, the European Union has recognised that the intensive confinement of farm animals has gone too far. (aljazeera.com)
  • The United States lags behind Europe in getting rid of the worst forms of abuse of farm animals. (aljazeera.com)
  • The problem does not lie with voters, who, in states such as Florida, Arizona, and California, have shown that they want farm animals to have better protection than the animal industries typically provide. (aljazeera.com)
  • The biggest problems are in those states that lack a mechanism for citizens to initiate a referendum on how farm animals should be treated. (aljazeera.com)
  • On the basis of Professor Brambell's report, the UK government set up the Farm Animal Welfare Advisory Committee in 1967, which became the Farm Animal Welfare Council in 1979. (wikipedia.org)
  • This fact sheet will describe: 1) a definition of animal welfare used across species and standards, 2) the process of animal welfare assessment and audit programs, 3) what measurements are taken from the farm during an assessment, and 4) what a producer can do to prepare for an animal welfare assessment or audit. (osu.edu)
  • The goal of animal welfare assessment or audit programs are to evaluate whether a farm is meeting the standards of the specific program. (osu.edu)
  • During a farm visit, there are three categories of animal welfare measurements that the auditor or evaluator will measure: animal-based measurements, resource-based measurements, and protocol-based measurements. (osu.edu)
  • This confusion prevents consumers from voting with their wallets for better treatment of farm animals and negatively impacts the farmers who truly are raising animals using higher-welfare methods. (aspca.org)
  • Check out the ShopKind Helpline for immediate text message assistance and responses from actual ASPCA experts in food labels, farm animal welfare and more. (aspca.org)
  • While most Americans expect our existing laws to protect farm animals, the reality falls far short. (aspca.org)
  • The 28-Hour Law requires farm animals transported across state lines-by means other than water or air-to be unloaded every 28 hours for rest, food and water. (aspca.org)
  • Because federal law fails to protect most farm animals, state laws are these animals' last defense. (aspca.org)
  • A few states include farm animals in at least some of their anti-cruelty laws, but such laws are rarely enforced. (aspca.org)
  • MONTEREY - The Humane Farming Association, a group dedicated to the protection of farm animals, has posted a $2,500 reward for information leading to the arrest and conviction of those involved in the alleged mutilation and killings of animals that have been found in the Salinas riverbed in south Monterey County. (mercurynews.com)
  • The US Food and Drug Administration's final Guidance for Industry on the regulation of transgenesis in animal agriculture has paved the way for the commercialization of genetically engineered (GE) farm animals. (springer.com)
  • An in-depth look at the current problems associated with existing breeding priorities is first necessary to place the concerns and prospects of farm animal transgenesis in perspective. (springer.com)
  • Decades of selecting traits for maximizing yield has led to endemic levels of so-called production diseases in all the major commercial farm animal species. (springer.com)
  • And that is a good thing for American farm animals. (triplepundit.com)
  • Read our report , written with Animal Welfare Institute and Farm Forward, to learn more about current organic animal welfare standards. (aspca.org)
  • Please join our advocacy brigade to stay up to date on this issue and be the first to know when we need your help to improve farm animals lives. (aspca.org)
  • "Farm animal welfare is becoming an issue for companies looking to invest in the food industry," ​ the CIWF spokeswoman told FoodNavigator. (foodnavigator.com)
  • Yet Farm Sanctuary, the nation's leading farm animal protection organization, cautions consumers that even with these changes the "organic" label - as well as other labels - are often misleading and do not ensure that farm animals are treated well. (commondreams.org)
  • American consumers are increasingly aware of and concerned about the cruel treatment of animals exploited for human consumption," said Gene Baur, Farm Sanctuary's president and co-founder. (commondreams.org)
  • But the reality for farm animals living in these conditions is hardly as sunny as retailers would like consumers to believe. (commondreams.org)
  • Farm Sanctuary's Truth Behind Labels report remains the only comprehensive analyses of animal product labeling schemes ever published to help today's consumers understand the process. (commondreams.org)
  • Farm Sanctuary is the nation's leading farm animal protection organization. (commondreams.org)
  • Please support our campaigns to improve the welfare of as many farm animals as possible, at every stage of their lives. (rspca.org.uk)
  • Developed in response to industry demand, an animal welfare course where you will learn the about the theory and practice of animal welfare - wildlife, pets, farm animals. (edu.au)
  • Levine, E.D., Mills, D.S. and Houpt, K.A. (2005) Attitudes of veterinary students at one US college toward factor relating to farm animal welfare. (scirp.org)
  • FRANCE - French farm minister Michel Barnier has nominated three working group chairmen for France's national animal welfare plan Animals et société. (thepoultrysite.com)
  • The Animal Welfare Institute (AWI) has just released a new report showing that poultry producers are deceiving customers by making unfounded animal welfare and environmental claims. (inhabitat.com)
  • Tragically, these two laws exempt all poultry species, which make up 95% of land animals killed for food, as well as all aquatic species. (aspca.org)
  • Animal welfare advocates are joining worker rights and food safety groups in opposition to a poultry industry proposal to speed up portions of processing lines at chicken plants. (yahoo.com)
  • A pilot program allowing 20 poultry plants to operate at faster line speeds for 20 years shows they have been "on par or better" in worker safety, food safety and animal welfare, he told HuffPost. (yahoo.com)
  • Since 1822, when Irish MP Richard Martin brought the "Cruel Treatment of Cattle Act 1822" through Parliament offering protection from cruelty to cattle, horses, and sheep, an animal welfare movement has been active in England. (wikipedia.org)
  • Find out about some of the key welfare issues for sheep . (rspca.org.uk)
  • SYDNEY (Reuters) - Australia will require ships carrying live cattle and sheep exports to have an independent observer to ensure welfare standards, after 2,400 sheep died from heat stress, sparking calls for a ban on the A$1.3 billion industry ($977.47 million). (reuters.com)
  • Littleproud said the government will instead reduce the number of sheep a vessel can carry during the summer months by 28 percent, with independent observers onboard to ensure welfare standards are adhered to. (reuters.com)
  • Recent events such as the outbreak of mad cow disease, concerns about bluetongue in sheep, and the entry into the food chain of the offspring of cloned cattle, have heightened awareness of the issues of animal disease and welfare. (routledge.com)
  • The BSU is also supported by the services of a named veterinary surgeon who undertakes weekly checks of the facility, but who can also be called upon to deal with any animal welfare issues that may arise. (qub.ac.uk)
  • Answer: I started visiting animal shelters because I love animals, and I wanted to learn about them and about animal-protection issues. (washingtontimes.com)
  • Chipotle has long been at the forefront of animal welfare issues and enlightened sourcing for our restaurants, and we're proud of our commitment to the evolution of our already high standards for chicken," Joshua Brau, Food with Integrity program manager at Chipotle, said in a statement . (triplepundit.com)
  • If companies are steadfastly ignoring advice on welfare issues, the risk for these companies is that ethical investment concerns look elsewhere with their investment. (foodnavigator.com)
  • To acknowledge the ethical dimension of animal welfare, the AVA has adopted a statement of principles that articulates the ethical basis for our policies and advocacy on animal welfare issues. (ava.com.au)
  • Animal protection and rescue organisations are largely aimed at dealing with issues relating to domestic pets. (edu.au)
  • I enjoyed the lectures as well as the instructors and also loved that it focused on many different kinds animal welfare issues. (coursera.org)
  • Very well presented and thought out taking the learner gradually through a huge array of welfare and behavioural issues. (coursera.org)
  • I really appreciated their sense of purpose in letting everyone know about the important issues regarding the humane treatment of animals. (coursera.org)
  • The temporary answer was to allow the exotic animals to be held in a SeaQuest employee's residential basement until permitting issues were sorted out. (kdvr.com)
  • Inga Gibson's dedication to animal welfare issues took shape while growing up in Hawaii and spending time elsewhere in the mid-Pacific. (staradvertiser.com)
  • To advance toward a more sustainable planet including animal welfare, we will apply and work to achieve the "five freedoms" for all animals in our supply chain. (generalmills.com)
  • Every program has their own set of standards, usually created by collaboration among producers, veterinarians, scientists, animal advocacy groups, and industry professionals. (osu.edu)
  • Veterinarians are scientists and take an evidence-based approach to animal welfare. (ava.com.au)
  • Indeed, the collaboration of scientists and social scientists in determined and regulatory contexts such as that of animal disease is an issue of ever-increasing importance. (routledge.com)
  • Several authors have concluded that scientists should not attempt to perform overall animal welfare assessment (OWA). (wur.nl)
  • We monitor their activities to ensure that they follow the law and apply the highest standards of animal welfare. (roche.com)
  • Contractors who carry out animal testing for Roche are also expected to apply the same ethical standards. (roche.com)
  • We also observe all applicable industry standards for animal experiments. (roche.com)
  • The standards of "good" animal welfare vary considerably between different contexts. (wikipedia.org)
  • These standards are under constant review and are debated, created and revised by animal welfare groups, legislators and academics worldwide. (wikipedia.org)
  • In some cases, these standards have become animal welfare "assessment" or "audit" programs that assess whether individual farms are meeting the standards as set by the various programs. (osu.edu)
  • Most programs have their standards publically available online (see below for links to common animal welfare assessment and audit programs). (osu.edu)
  • Shake Shack also announced new animal welfare standards this week. (triplepundit.com)
  • A growing number of companies -- from fast-casual restaurants and their suppliers to consumer packaged goods giants -- are adopting better animal welfare standards. (triplepundit.com)
  • In reality, the standards do not provide clear requirements for either space or outdoor access for most animals. (aspca.org)
  • The Animal Protection Index , which ranks 50countries across the world on their animal welfare standards, places New Zealand (along with the United Kingdom, Austria and Switzerland)in first place. (scoop.co.nz)
  • Under the proposal, a director of a company could face 10 years prison or A$2.1 million fine if the welfare standards are not met. (reuters.com)
  • The new welfare standards come seven years after Australia briefly suspended live cattle sales to Indonesia - which was then the sole buyer. (reuters.com)
  • The process for developing animal welfare standards for Australian industry is broken -- something the government was told a long time ago by the Productivity Commission. (crikey.com.au)
  • It recommended that agriculture and primary industries bureaucrats be stripped of the role of overseeing the development of animal welfare standards, and that a new, independent, Commonwealth- and state-funded body, the Australian Commission for Animal Welfare, be established to determine animal welfare standards and to publicly assess the performance of state and territory governments in enforcement. (crikey.com.au)
  • For a decade, there's been a slow national process of overhauling animal welfare standards to replace various voluntary codes of practice and patchwork regulation across states and territories, which have primary carriage of animal welfare regulation, with a set of national standards (which will be compulsory) and guidelines (which won't). (crikey.com.au)
  • Food processors across the globe face increasing pressure from investors to improve poor animal welfare standards, a leading financial expert and Compassion in World Farming (CIWF) have warned. (foodnavigator.com)
  • A spokeswoman for CIWF said animal welfare standards were rising in prominence and could easily assume the same importance to food industry investors as environmental concerns within a few years. (foodnavigator.com)
  • We appreciate the recent improvements in organic standards and are glad that deputy secretary of the USDA, Kathleen Merrigan, sees the current move as a 'down payment' on future reforms, but there are still serious animal cruelty concerns that need to be addressed. (commondreams.org)
  • The Truth Behind Labels Campaign serves to educate consumers about the reality of these labeling schemes and to advocate for transparency in animal welfare standards. (commondreams.org)
  • The Indian branches of the Humanitarian League, an English organization which opposed vivisection and the mistreatment and killing of animals, focused on vegetarianism and cow protection while ignoring vivisection. (wikipedia.org)
  • Animal Welfare Council (AWC) is an industry funded lobbying organization for the rodeos and affiliated industries in animal commerce and agriculture and web front of Cindy Schonholtz. (sourcewatch.org)
  • In a video screen grab from a film by the Humane Farming Association detailing alleged animal mutilations and dumping in Monterey County's Salinas riverbed, a purported chicken with candles and herbs is found in a bag by a volunteer of the organization. (mercurynews.com)
  • A: They can become active in their communities by getting involved with a local animal-rights group or by attending volunteer work parties that's when people come together and volunteer for a local organization and it's a lot of fun. (washingtontimes.com)
  • PAWS Of Bremerton is a non-profit organization that is dedicated to the welfare of animals in need. (volunteermatch.org)
  • They also work with individuals and nonprofit agencies such as the Humane Society to pursue cases of animal abuse and neglect, as well as raise awareness of animal protection laws. (reference.com)
  • Animal welfare principles have emerged mainly with respect to terrestrial animals and have captured greater community awareness than aquatic animal welfare. (frdc.com.au)
  • Focusing on exaggerated breed features such as brachycephaly (flattened facial features), dwarfism (chondrodysplasia) and excessive skin folds, the aim is to increase public awareness of the negative welfare implications of these exaggerated physical traits. (ava.com.au)
  • In principle, the Universal Declaration would call on the United Nations to recognise animals as sentient beings, capable of experiencing pain and suffering, and to recognise that animal welfare is an issue of importance as part of the social development of nations worldwide. (wikipedia.org)
  • There are alternative farming systems that treat these sentient animals with compassion and respect. (aspca.org)
  • Animals are sentient beings that are conscious, feel pain, and experience emotions. (ava.com.au)
  • This federal law establishes requirements concerning the transportation, sale, and handling of certain animals and includes restrictions on the importation of live dogs for purposes of resale, prohibitions on animal fighting ventures, and provisions intended to prevent the theft of personal pets. (usda.gov)
  • AWL is currently caring for the eight dogs that were rescued by Cook County Sheriff's from the Dolton Animal Hospital on Sunday, September 21st. (animalwelfareleague.com)
  • Saturday, November 23, 2013 Join Black Dog K-9 and Animal Welfare League for a casual get together to unwind and spend some time with our dogs! (animalwelfareleague.com)
  • Run by the Institute for Molecular and Cell Biology (IBMC) in Porto, Portugal, the project emphasized both the scientific method and animal welfare. (sciencemag.org)
  • Rodentia went further, using the animals to teach the scientific method to children and make them aware of the need to ensure animal welfare, he says. (sciencemag.org)
  • Franco was responsible for designing an enriched living habitat for the rats and overseeing their welfare, while also teaching the scientific method to the children. (sciencemag.org)
  • A scientific definition of animal welfare would be: the ability of an animal to cope physiologically, behaviourally, cognitively and emotionally with its physiochemical and social life environment, including the animal's subjective experience of its condition. (imr.no)
  • The lead group, chaired by French doctor and explorer Jean-Louis Etienne, will discuss the legal and scientific aspects of animal welfare. (thepoultrysite.com)