Animal Welfare: The protection of animals in laboratories or other specific environments by promoting their health through better nutrition, housing, and care.Animal Husbandry: The science of breeding, feeding and care of domestic animals; includes housing and nutrition.Animal Experimentation: The use of animals as investigational subjects.Animal Care Committees: Institutional committees established to protect the welfare of animals used in research and education. The 1971 NIH Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals introduced the policy that institutions using warm-blooded animals in projects supported by NIH grants either be accredited by a recognized professional laboratory animal accrediting body or establish its own committee to evaluate animal care; the Public Health Service adopted a policy in 1979 requiring such committees; and the 1985 amendments to the Animal Welfare Act mandate review and approval of federally funded research with animals by a formally designated Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (IACUC).Animals, Domestic: Animals which have become adapted through breeding in captivity to a life intimately associated with humans. They include animals domesticated by humans to live and breed in a tame condition on farms or ranches for economic reasons, including LIVESTOCK (specifically CATTLE; SHEEP; HORSES; etc.), POULTRY; and those raised or kept for pleasure and companionship, e.g., PETS; or specifically DOGS; CATS; etc.Laboratory Animal Science: The science and technology dealing with the procurement, breeding, care, health, and selection of animals used in biomedical research and testing.Thirst: A drive stemming from a physiological need for WATER.Animals, LaboratoryBehavior, Animal: The observable response an animal makes to any situation.Social Welfare: Organized institutions which provide services to ameliorate conditions of need or social pathology in the community.Public Assistance: Financial assistance to impoverished persons for the essentials of living through federal, state or local government programs.Public Policy: A course or method of action selected, usually by a government, from among alternatives to guide and determine present and future decisions.Animal Rights: The moral and ethical bases of the protection of animals from cruelty and abuse. The rights are extended to domestic animals, laboratory animals, and wild animals.IndiaEncyclopedias as Topic: Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Crows: Common name for the largest birds in the order PASSERIFORMES, family Corvidae. These omnivorous black birds comprise most of the species in the genus Corvus, along with ravens and jackdaws (which are often also referred to as crows).Animal Testing Alternatives: Procedures, such as TISSUE CULTURE TECHNIQUES; mathematical models; etc., when used or advocated for use in place of the use of animals in research or diagnostic laboratories.Euthanasia, Animal: The killing of animals for reasons of mercy, to control disease transmission or maintain the health of animal populations, or for experimental purposes (ANIMAL EXPERIMENTATION).Housing, AnimalPolice: Agents of the law charged with the responsibility of maintaining and enforcing law and order among the citizenry.

Effect of pen size on behavioral, endocrine, and immune responses of water buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) calves. (1/550)

Female water buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) calves (n = 28) aged 7 to 10 d were divided into four groups of seven animals each to examine the effects of space allowance (Group A: 2.6 indoor m2 + 2.0 outdoor m2/calf; Group B: 2.6 indoor m2/calf; Group C: 1.5 indoor m2/calf; Group D: 1.0 indoor m2/calf) on behavioral, endocrine, and immune variables for a period of 60 d. Animals were offered 7 L/d of a commercial acidified milk substitute. The calves averaged 45.9 kg initially and 92.4 kg finally. The behavior observations were conducted 7 d after grouping and fortnightly thereafter. At wk 4 and 8, the phytohemagglutinin (PHA) skin test was performed to induce aspecific delayed hypersensitivity. At wk. 1 and 3, calves were injected i.m. with keyhole limpet hemocyanin. Antibody titers were determined at weekly intervals for 7 wk. Calves in pens with greater space allowance (Groups A and B) were less active than Groups C and D (P<.001). The latter groups were also observed feeding more often at wk 7 (P<.01). Calves provided with an outdoor paddock spent less time standing than Groups C and D (P<.01), and lay with a greater number of outstretched legs (P<.001). Groups C and D showed a lower reaction to PHA in both skin tests than did Groups A and B (P<.001 and P<.05, respectively). Group A showed an antibody response consistently higher than groups B, C, and D (P<.01, P<.05, and P<.05, respectively). At the end of the experimental period, the calves were subjected to an isolation test lasting 10 min. Group D showed a longer duration of movement with respect to Groups A and B (P<.01); animals from Group C walked more than did Group A (P<.05). Cortisol concentration evaluated 0, 10, 45, 90, 150, and 225 min after separation from the group was higher in Groups C and D than in Groups A and B (P<.01). For all animals, the highest cortisol level was observed immediately after the isolation test (P<.001). Space restriction resulted in evidence of stress in the animals as shown by alterations in a number of physiological responses. However, the use of small groups of only seven animals per pen may have affected their reactions to space restriction. It is possible that using larger groups could change these conclusions.  (+info)

Comparative cardiopulmonary effects of carfentanil-xylazine and medetomidine-ketamine used for immobilization of mule deer and mule deer/white-tailed deer hybrids. (2/550)

Three mule deer and 4 mule deer/white-tailed deer hybrids were immobilized in a crossover study with carfentanil (10 microg/kg) + xylazine (0.3 mg/kg) (CX), and medetomidine (100 microg/kg) + ketamine (2.5 mg/kg) (MK). The deer were maintained in left lateral recumbency for 1 h with each combination. Deer were immobilized with MK in 230+/-68 s (mean +/- SD) and with CX in 282+/-83 seconds. Systolic, mean and diastolic arterial pressure were significantly higher with MK. Heart rate, PaO2, PaCO2, pH, and base excess were not significantly different between treatments. Base excess and pH increased significantly over time with both treatments. Both treatments produced hypoventilation (PaCO2 > 50 mm Hg) and hypoxemia (PaO2 < 60 mm Hg). PaO2 increased significantly over time with CX. Body temperature was significantly (P<0.05) higher with CX compared to MK. Ventricular premature contractions, atrial premature contractions, and a junctional escape rhythm were noted during CX immobilization. No arrhythmias were noted during MK immobilization. Quality of immobilization was superior with MK, with no observed movement present for the 60 min of immobilization. Movement of the head and limbs occurred in 4 animals immobilized with CX. The major complication observed with both of these treatments was hypoxemia, and supplemental inspired oxygen is recommended during immobilization. Hyperthermia can further complicate immobilization with CX, reinforcing the need for supplemental oxygen.  (+info)

Headroom requirements for horses in transit. (3/550)

Horses intended for slaughter in Western Canada are frequently transported in double-deck trailers, where headroom may be restricted. Poll and withers height was estimated from type photographs of various horse breeds. The headroom required by Canadian legislation and codes of practice may not be sufficiently restrictive to protect the welfare of sport type horses when transported.  (+info)

Comparison of minimum space allowance standards for transportation of cattle by road from 8 authorities. (4/550)

Space allowance for animals in transit is a consistent concern in many countries developing codes of practice and regulations to assure humane treatment of food producing animals. Describing minimum space allowance requirements for cattle in transit has proven to be difficult, as the space required increases as the animal grows. Loading pressure, defined as weight of live animal per unit area, has proven to be a clear method of communicating with transporters and inspection staff what the maximum safe stocking limit is based on individual animal weight. The loading density recommendations in the Canadian code of practice for beef cattle are compared with other standards by using loading pressure charts as a visual aid. Loading pressure charts are recommended in preference to a tabular format to describe the minimal space allowed per animal for cattle transported by road.  (+info)

Principles in laboratory animal research for experimental purposes. (5/550)

The present work contains information about proper husbandry and care of laboratory animals, microbiological monitoring of their health and protecting them against suffering and distress. The author also gives some advice on the improvement and unification of experimental research results through the standardisation of laboratory animals used for the experiments as well as imposing proper conditions for animal husbandry.  (+info)

The "new perception" of animal agriculture: legless cows, featherless chickens, and a need for genuine analysis. (6/550)

A growing popular literature has created a "New Perception" of animal agriculture by depicting commercial animal production as 1) detrimental to animal welfare, 2) controlled by corporate interests, 3) motivated by profit rather than by traditional animal care values, 4) causing increased world hunger, 5) producing unhealthy food, and 6) harming the environment. Agricultural organizations have often responded with public relations material promoting a very positive image of animal agriculture and denying all six of the critics' claims. The public, faced with these two highly simplistic and contradictory images, needs knowledgeable research and analysis to serve as a basis for public policy and individual choice. Scientists and ethicists could provide such analysis. In some cases, however, scientists and ethicists have themselves produced misleading, polarized, or simplistic accounts of animal agriculture. The problems in such accounts include the repetition of unreliable information from advocacy sources, use of unwarranted generalizations, simplistic analysis of complex issues, and glossing over the ethical problems. The New Perception debate raises important and complex ethical issues; in order to provide useful guidance, both scientists and ethicists must consider these issues as research problems that are worthy of genuine investigation and analysis.  (+info)

Perspectives on hepatitis B studies with chimpanzees. (7/550)

Chimpanzees have been shown to be exquisitely susceptible to human hepatitis viruses, without themselves developing clinical illness, thus providing an important model for studies on these agents. Chimpanzees have contributed substantially to human welfare by making possible the development of hepatitis B vaccines, which now prevent development of cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma in millions of people. They have provided a means to evaluate the efficacy of virus inactivation strategies, which have made blood derivatives formerly contaminated with blood-borne viruses (hepatitis B, C, and human immunodeficiency viruses) safe with respect to their transmission. In exchange for these contributions, humans owe chimpanzees lifelong retirement in sanctuaries that offer socialization and environmental enrichment.  (+info)

Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy and imaging in animal research. (8/550)

Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy and imaging can be used to investigate, noninvasively, a wide range of biological processes in systems as diverse as protein solutions, single cells, isolated perfused organs, and tissues in vivo. It is also possible to combine different NMR techniques enabling metabolic, anatomical, and physiological information to be obtained in the same experiment. This review provides a simple overview of the basic principles of NMR and outlines both the advantages and disadvantages of NMR spectroscopy and imaging. A few examples of potential applications of NMR spectroscopy and imaging are presented, which demonstrate the range of questions that can be asked using these techniques. The potential impact of using NMR techniques in a biomedical research program on the total number of animals required for specific investigations, as well as the number of animals used in research, are discussed. The article concludes with a personal perspective on the impact of continuing improvements in NMR technology for future applications in animal research.  (+info)

*Slaughterhouse

Animal welfare and animal rights groups frequently raise concerns about the methods of transport, preparation, herding, and ... Slaughtering animals on a large scale poses significant logistical problems, animal welfare problems, public health ... Ag-Gag Agriculture Animal protection Animal welfare Beef ring Bubbly Creek Continuous inspection Controlled-atmosphere killing ... This allowed animals to be transported into the slaughterhouse by train and the subsequent transfer of animal carcasses to the ...

*Animal welfare and rights in India

Street dogs in Chennai Fauna of India Animal welfare and rights in China Animal welfare and rights in Brazil Animal welfare in ... Animal rights Animal welfare Timeline of animal welfare and rights Speciesism Parliament of India (1982). "The Prevention of ... India's first national animal welfare law, the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act, 1960, criminalizes cruelty to animals, ... Category:Animal welfare organisations based in India Cattle slaughter in India Animal sacrifice in Hinduism Animal sacrifice ...

*Animal welfare science

"Animal Welfare Act 2006" consolidated many different forms of animal welfare legislation. Animal welfare science can be ... Animal welfare Animal consciousness Fish welfare at slaughter Pain in amphibians Pain in animals Pain in crustaceans Pain in ... Animal Welfare in 1992, the Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science in 1998, and Frontiers in Veterinary Science-Animal ... Animal welfare science is the scientific study of the welfare of animals as pets, in zoos, laboratories, on farms and in the ...

*Crow religion

Crows believe that the world is full of spirits which often take the form of animals, with buffalos, birds and bears being ... Because of this tobacco is perceived as being fundamental to the welfare of the tribe and has been describe by Crows themselves ... However, there is no set animal patron and Baaxpée for a Crow, each spirit is individual the person that received its vision. ... are also considered highly sacred and their spirits can interact with humans in the same way as an animal patron. The ...

*Animal welfare

... and rights in Brazil Animal welfare and rights in China Animal rights in Colombia Animal welfare in Egypt Animal ... Animal welfare and rights in Israel Animal welfare and rights in Japan Animal welfare and rights in Malaysia Animal welfare in ... Nazi Germany Animal welfare in New Zealand Animal welfare and rights in South Korea Animal welfare in Thailand Animal welfare ... "What is Animal Welfare and why is it important? - The difference between Animal Rights & Animal Welfare". National Animal ...

*Animal Welfare Party

"Animals Count" 2014 European elections Animal welfare in the United Kingdom List of animal advocacy parties Animal Welfare ... Animal Welfare Party (AWP) is a minor political party in the United Kingdom campaigning on an animal welfare, environment and ... Animal Welfare Party registration (Reference PP616l) Animal Welfare Party website: About Partij voor de Dieren, Worldlog week ... Animal Welfare Party website: 2014 EU Elections "New animal rights party launched". BBC News. 3 December 2006. Retrieved 9 ...

*Animal Welfare Institute

Women and animal advocacy Animal law Animal welfare Liss, Cathy (27 May 2014). "Help Protect Wildlife and Public Lands". Animal ... Animal Welfare Institute Society for Animal Protective Legislation AWA Standards. ... explained Animal Welfare Institute (AWI) founder Christine Stevens, who is referred to as the "Mother of the Animal Protection ... SAPL merged with the Animal Welfare Institute, bringing together two of the oldest and leading animal protection organizations ...

*Animal Welfare Labelling

... make animal welfare labelling vulnerable to abuse. Without comparable data on the welfare of farm animals it is difficult to ... about the welfare conditions under which a farm animal has been raised. Animal welfare statements essentially carry the message ... animal welfare labels are, however, not to be confused with ecolabels. Claims about animal welfare are commercial ... Animal Welfare Labelling is a generic term which stands for schemes put in place to provide consumer information on welfare ...

*Animal Welfare (journal)

Animal Welfare is a quarterly, peer-reviewed scientific journal covering studies on the welfare of animals, whether in ... Its scope includes animal welfare science, animal cognition, ethology, behavioural ecology, evolution of behaviour, ... It was established in 1992 and is published by the Universities Federation for Animal Welfare. The editor-in-chief is James K. ... "Animal Welfare". 2012 Journal Citation Reports. Web of Science (Science ed.). Thomson Reuters. 2013. Official website. ...

*Animal Welfare Act

The Animal Welfare Act 1999 in New Zealand The Animal Welfare Act of 1966 in the United States The Animal Welfare Act 2006 in ... The Animal Welfare Act is one of several laws in different countries, including: ...

*Animal welfare in Egypt

"Mission to protect animal welfare in Egypt". Retrieved 2015-05-14. "About Us". Sharm Action For Animals. Retrieved 2015-05-15 ... Alexandria Zoo has been a source of poor animal welfare reports in recent years. Reports of animal abuse, including hitting and ... "New draft Egyptian constitution guarantees "protection of animal welfare" , Animal People". www.animalpeoplenews.org. Retrieved ... The Animal Welfare of Luxor (AWOL) is a UK registered charity on the West bank of Luxor that focusses on educating children in ...

*Animal Welfare Act 1999

Animal welfare in New Zealand Agriculture in New Zealand "Animal Welfare Act 1999 No 142 (as at 01 October 2012), Public Act - ... The Animal Welfare Act 1999 is a current Act of Parliament in New Zealand. It is administered by the Ministry for Primary ... Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry (December 1999). Guide to the Animal Welfare Act 1999. Wellington, N.Z.: Ministry of ...

*Save Me (animal welfare)

Animal Aid, Network for Animals, International Fund for Animal Welfare, Animal Defenders International, The David Shepherd ... List of animal welfare groups Anti-hunting Save Me "May recognised by animal charity". BBC. Retrieved May 22, 2013. "Born Free ... Save Me is currently campaigning as Team Badger, a coalition of animal welfare organisations that have teamed up to fight the ... Save Me is an animal welfare organisation that campaigns against fox hunting and badger culling. It was founded in 2010 by ...

*Animal Welfare Act 2006

"BBC - Ethics - Animal Ethics: Animal Welfare Act". BBC. Retrieved 24 April 2010. "Animal Welfare Act - RSPCA". Retrieved ... owning animals keeping animals participating in the keeping of animals dealing in animals transporting animals arranging the ... The Animal Welfare Act 2006 (Commencement No. 1) (Scotland) Order 2007 (S.S.I. 2007/519 (C. 44)) Animal welfare in the United ... The Animal Welfare Act 2006 (Commencement No. 1) (Wales) Order 2007 (S.I. 2007/1030 (W. 97) (C. 43)) The Animal Welfare Act ...

*Pakistan Animal Welfare Society

Animal welfare Animal rights Animal protection Karachi portal Animals portal Animal rights portal Cats portal Dogs portal City ... Hospitals for animals are rare as most animals are treated ruthlessly except for animals required on farms and needed to keep ... PAWS (Pakistan Animal Welfare Society) is a non profit organization registered as a company limited founded in 2004. It is run ... 2012 Animal welfare - a long way from home, Dawn.com,January 10, 2012 Pictures of the day:, The Telegraph, November 2, 2012 ...

*Farm Animal Welfare Committee

The Farm Animal Welfare Council terms of reference were to keep under review the welfare of farm animals on agricultural land, ... The Farm Animal Welfare Committee (FAWC) is an independent advisory body established by the Government of Great Britain in 2011 ... It replaced the Farm Animal Welfare Council which was an independent advisory body established in 1979. The Council published ... 2010 Nocton Dairies controversy Farm Animal Welfare Committee www.fawc.org.uk. ...

*Italian Animal Welfare Party

The Italian Animal Welfare Party (Partito Animalista Italiano) is a minor animal rights and animal welfare political party in ... The program as a whole for the Italian Animal Welfare Party is centered on the idea of animal rights. The goal of this ... Silvia Barquero, a party spokeswoman of the Animal Welfare Party, said that the ban in Catalonia was in part a result of an ... The Italian Animal Party was created with aspiration to defend the rights of animals and in order to work in the Institutions ...

*Animal Welfare Network Nepal

... is non-profit body that helps to increase the effectiveness of animal welfare organizations in ... Coordinate the activities of animal welfare organizations Raise awareness on animal welfare issues among the public Lobby and ... Missing or empty ,title= (help) "Animal Welfare Network Nepal - Homepage". Awnnepal.org. Retrieved 2015-07-11. ... www.khumbaya.com/animal-welfare-network-nepal. Archived from the original on February 23, 2014. Retrieved February 9, 2014. ...

*National Animal Welfare Trust

"National Animal Welfare Trust - A Brief History". National Animal Welfare Trust. Retrieved 2010-01-21. "Work to begin on animal ... The National Animal Welfare Trust (NAWT) is an animal welfare charity founded in 1971, which operates no-kill rescue centres ... In 1971 BUAV members established a separate charity named the Animal Welfare Trust as they felt the work of BUAV Animal Aid was ... Mel Karmode, National Animal Welfare Trust Trindledown Farm is the UK's only sanctuary for elderly pets. It is set in 10 acres ...

*Animal welfare in Thailand

Thailand introduced its first animal welfare law in 2014. The Cruelty Prevention and Welfare of Animal Act, B.E. 2557 (2014) ... Animal welfare in Thailand relates to the treatment of animals in fields such as agriculture, hunting, medical testing and the ... People are instead encouraged take injured or unwanted animals to animal welfare organisations and associations who will raise ... is still permitted under the Prevention of Animal Cruelty and Provision of Animal Welfare Act. Working and performing elephants ...

*Philippine Animal Welfare Society

Animal welfare Animal rights Animal protection Philippines portal Animals portal Animal rights portal Cats portal Dogs portal " ... The Philippine Animal Welfare Society established the PAWS Animal Rehabilitation Center (PARC) as the first animal shelter with ... The Philippine Animal Welfare Society has monitored more than a hundred cases of animal cruelty in the country a year, many of ... The Philippine Animal Welfare Society (PAWS) is a volunteer-based, non-government organization whose goal is to prevent animal ...

*Universities Federation for Animal Welfare

Animal welfare science List of animal welfare groups Pain in animals Veterinary ethics The Black Pig Design Co Ltd, The Sty, 47 ... Animal Welfare 14:367-377 Russell WMS (2005) The Three Rs: past, present and future. Animal Welfare 14:279-286 The Black Pig ... The Universities Federation for Animal Welfare (UFAW), is an animal welfare science society. It is a UK registered scientific ... A good deal of UFAW's work, including the Hume Animal Welfare Research Fellowship, the Animal Welfare Research Training ...

*Animal welfare in Nazi Germany

... supporters of animal rights often deny the historical link between Nazism and animal welfare. The current animal welfare laws ... Animal rights and the Holocaust Ecofascism Anti-tobacco movement in Nazi Germany Animal welfare and rights in Germany Thomas R ... The legacy of Nazi animal welfare laws is controversial. Some critics of animal rights use the historical link with Nazism to ... In 1934, Nazi Germany hosted an international conference on animal welfare in Berlin. On March 27, 1936, an order on the ...

*List of animal welfare groups

Todd's Welfare Society Give Us Life Animal Welfare - Reg Pakistan Animal Welfare Society Bezabaan Animal Care Trust ((ANIMAL ... An animal welfare group is concerned with the health, safety and psychological wellness of animals. It may be an animal rescue ... Albino Squirrel Preservation Society Animal People (based in U.S.) Animal Transportation Association Animal Welfare Institute ... Eurogroup for Animals Farm Animal Welfare Council Hillside Animal Sanctuary The Horse Trust Hounds for Heroes Irish Blue Cross ...

*National Institute of Animal Welfare

TNN, "Govt trust for animal welfare soon", Times of India, 14 August 2002. National Institute of Animal Welfare (a subordinate ... It provides training and education on various subjects related to animal welfare including animal management, behavior and ... conceptualized as an apex body in the field of animal welfare and its broad mandate covers the need to improve animal welfare ... The National Institute of Animal Welfare (NIAW) is a division of the Ministry of Environment and Forests in India. It is ...

*Tudor Rickards

His work has been criticised for attempting to learn lessons from studying animal rather than human behaviour. Rickards was ... Poetry in Defence of the Welfare State edited by Alan Morrison. Rickards has been appointed to the board of international ... and profiling management and leadership styles using animal behaviour. ...

*International Fund for Animal Welfare

Animal rights Animal welfare "International Fund for Animal Welfare About Page". Retrieved 2014-07-28. "About IFAW". IFAW. ... The International Fund for Animal Welfare (IFAW) is one of the largest animal welfare and conservation charities in the world. ... Through the Animal Action Education, IFAW educates children worldwide about animal welfare and wildlife conservation issues. ... The group's declared mission is to "rescue and protect animals around the world." The International Fund for Animal Welfare ( ...
Animal welfare science is the scientific study of the welfare of animals as pets, in zoos, laboratories, on farms and in the wild. Although animal welfare has been of great concern for many thousands of years in religion and culture, the investigation of animal welfare using rigorous scientific methods is a relatively recent development. The worlds first Professor of Animal Welfare Science, Donald Broom, was appointed by Cambridge University (UK) in 1986. Early legislation which formed the impetus for assessing animal welfare and the subsequent development of animal welfare science include the Ireland Parliament (Thomas Wentworth) "An Act against Plowing by the Tayle, and pulling the Wooll off living Sheep", 1635, and the Massachusetts Colony (Nathaniel Ward) "Off the Bruite Creatures" Liberty 92 and 93 in the "Massachusetts Body of Liberties" of 1641. Richard Martins act, the "Cruel Treatment of Cattle Act 1822" is often considered to be the precursor of modern relevant legislation. One of ...
Animal welfare and rights in India regards the treatment of and laws concerning non-human animals in India. It is distinct from animal conservation in India. India is home to several religious traditions advocating non-violence and compassion towards animals, and has passed a number of animal welfare reforms since 1960. India is also one of the worlds leading producers of animal products. Indias first national animal welfare law, the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act, 1960, criminalizes cruelty to animals, though exceptions are made for the treatment of animals used for food and scientific experiments. The 1960 law also created the Animal Welfare Board of India to ensure the anti-cruelty provisions were enforced and promote the cause of animal welfare. Subsequent laws have placed regulations and restrictions on the use of draught animals, the use of performing animals, animal transport, animal slaughter, and animal experimentation. The Breeding of and Experiments on Animals (Control and ...
Introduction. The ethical analysis of our moral obligations to animals, as well as practical decisions regarding many issues in veterinary medicine, both presuppose some account of "animal welfare" - that is, of what makes an animals life go well or poorly. Therefore, it is essential that we think critically about the concept of animal welfare. This paper briefly explores some philosophical issues in the definition and assessment of animal welfare.. Two Different Senses of "Animal Welfare". The first thing to clarify is the way in which Im using the term "animal welfare." In both moral philosophy and ordinary language (as concerns humans), the term "welfare" is roughly synonymous with "wellbeing." To say that an individual "has a welfare" is to say that her life can go better or worse from her perspective, and to talk about her welfare is to talk about her interests - what are the things that make her life go better or worse for her? How should we conceptualize her wellbeing in the abstract? ...
Information about animal welfare standards and initiatives from eight European countries was collected, grouped, and compared to EU welfare standards to detect those aspects beyond minimum welfare levels demanded by EU welfare legislation. Literature was reviewed to determine the scientific relevance of standards and initiatives, and those aspects going beyond minimum EU standards. Standards and initiatives were assessed to determine their strengths and weaknesses regarding animal welfare. Attitudes of stakeholders in the improvement of animal welfare were determined through a Policy Delphi exercise. Social perception of animal welfare, economic implications of upraising welfare levels, and differences between countries were considered. Literature review revealed that on-farm space allowance, climate control, and environmental enrichment are relevant for all animal categories. Experts assessment revealed that on-farm prevention of thermal stress, air quality, and races and passageways design were not
3:30 - 4:30 p.m. : Understanding Animal Welfare, Animal Welfare Compromise and Animal Pain. An introduction to animal welfare and its scientific foundations; animal welfare compromise and its comprehensive assessment and management; changing attitudes to pain in animals and practicalities of pain recognition, assessment and management; the growing global significance of animal welfare and managing animal pain.. 6:30-7:30pm: Integrated and Inclusive Regulatory Management of Animal Welfare in New Zealand Development of New Zealands comprehensive animal welfare infrastructure? integration of the components of the legal and regulatory framework for animal welfare management? roles of ministerial advisory committees and their membership? roles of and support for NZ animal welfare science research capability? the significance of codes of welfare and participation in their formulation by parties having diverse interests in animal welfare? liaison groups fostering inclusiveness. 8:00-9:00pm: ...
The European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) has published pioneering guidelines laying out, for the first time, a standardised methodology for the risk assessment of animal welfare. The methodology, which follows a step-by-step approach, is designed to be applicable to all animal species and all factors that affect animal welfare, including housing, transport, stunning and killing. The development of the guidelines supports EFSAs commitment to ensure that all its work on animal welfare is underpinned by a strong scientific approach.
FAO has launched a new web portal to facilitate a single access point for international and national information related to farm animal welfare. Policymakers, farmers, scientists and animal welfare experts can now access research findings, relevant legislation and policies on livestock through this online gateway.
The USPCA is the worlds second oldest animal welfare organisation. It was established in 1836 and is a charity supported entirely by voluntary donations. Its purpose as given in its Constitution, is to promote kindness and to prevent or suppress cruelty to animals. The Societys work extends to caring for all animals in all circumstances.. The USPCAs Welfare Officers, staff and volunteers work round the clock to help animals in distress. The Society acts to have the law enforced in relation to animal welfare and the Welfare Officers investigate alleged cases of cruelty.. The Societys Sanctuaries receive and treat companion animals, equines and wildlife. A major part of the work of the Society is to place unwanted animals into new and caring homes.. The USPCA campaigns both in the UK and throughout Europe to achieve legal and social reform in animal welfare.. The Policies in this booklet represent the considered position held by the USPCA on particular issues. However readers should be aware ...
GLOBAL - Food companies are paying more and more attention to animal welfare within their supply chains, according to the latest Business Benchmark on Farm Animal Welfare (BBFAW) report, published on Monday.
GLOBAL - Food companies are paying more and more attention to animal welfare within their supply chains, according to the latest Business Benchmark on Farm Animal Welfare (BBFAW) report, published on Monday.
They appear that the free download scientific perspectives on animal welfare can practice from research to radiation. Kripke provides this, bleeding that while project ensures, in all old apps, the implantation with new quiddity 79, its project websites may collect far from chemistry to cause. Both solutions have given, but of the two, the logic is to allow conscious.
In a country where animal welfare services are entirely dependent on public donations and good will, Cape Town is the first ever city in South Africa to provide grants to support dog and cat sterilisation.. Marking the 20th anniversary of World Spay Day, Mdzananda Animal Clinic - a project of IFAW - joined animal welfare groups across the city last week, Tuesday 25th February, in rolling out Cape Towns second dog and cat mass sterilisation project.. In the next six months a massive grant of R527 999 from the City Health Directorate will be used to, hopefully, sterilise 70 per cent of dogs and cats in Khayelitsha township on the Cape Flats.. Also on IFAW.org: CLAW South Africa find themselves refugees, for the moment. Mdzananda is based in Site B, Khayelitsha. The clinic provides the only full time, on site, animal welfare support to dogs and cats owned by the community of about 1,5-million people, so we are well placed to offer a base for this ambitious initiative to improve the welfare of the ...
Longtime Friend and New Farmer Join Animal Welfare Approved Program. Shelby Grebenc runs AWA egg operation, Happy Chapped Chicken Butt Farm, in Broomfield, Colorado. Carole Morison runs AWA egg operation, Birds Eye View, in Pocomoke City, Maryland. Since its founding in 1951, Animal Welfare Institute has sought to alleviate the suffering inflicted on animals by people.
Study Animal Welfare - understand how self aware animals are, consider ethical services of animal protection, animal welfare issues, and more.
VICTORIAN farmers are keen to see one of their own head up the states Animal Welfare Advisory Committee. The Andrews Labor Government today called for expressions of interest for the role of chairperson of the Animal Welfare Advisory Committee, after current chair Carmel Morfunis decision to step down. The post VFF keen for farmer to lead VIC animal welfare advisory committee appeared first on Sheep Central ...
Progressive animal production methods must deliver high quality meat to the consumer, while at the same time promote the welfare of farmed animals. The literature on animal welfare has expanded immensely over recent years, but until now no book has related this area to that of meat science. This book aims to fill that gap. It provides a general review of current knowledge of the welfare of farmed animals, including fish, as this impacts upon meat quality. It represents a textbook for graduate level courses in animal welfare or meat science, but will also be of interest to a wide range of readers in animal, veterinary and food sciences, and in applied ethology.
The San Francisco Zoos new professor-in-residence has only been on the job for a few months, but he recently told the Animal Control and Welfare Commission that steps to improve animal welfare have already been taken during his short tenure.. Terry Maple, the former director of Zoo Atlanta, said the 30-year-old gorilla exhibit has recently been altered to give the public more viewing space at ground level, while certain sections of the upper perimeter have been closed so that visitors are no longer "looming down" on the gorillas.. He also said the zoo plans to conduct physical exams on the animals in front of the public in the coming months, a better way for people to see the animals up close instead of the old, but popular attraction of tossing hunks of meat into a big cats cage at feeding time.. "Im very confident that this zoo will become a leader in this forward-thinking wellness concept and design," he said.. The commission has a history of contention with the zoo on animal welfare ...
Members: Dr. David Burrows, Dr. Shevaun Gallwey and Dr. Karthi Martelli. Meets on a project basis and may incorporate additional members on an ad hoc basis. Aims: To promote an understanding of animal welfare in the region and to provide advice to HKVA members, the public and the Government on any matter relating to animal welfare. As veterinary surgeons our primary responsibility is the welfare and care of animals across the species and it was thought to be important that the views of the profession as experts in this field should be expressed and that good animal welfare be promoted by the HKVA. This will be particularly important as the Government is currently undertaking a review of laws that will have a direct impact on animal welfare and the HKVA should be consulted on such matters. If members have any issues that they would like this Sub-committee to discuss please email to the HKVA Secretary [email protected] HKVA Policy on Animal Welfare ...
Please ask your US senators and representative to support the Animal Welfare in Agricultural Research Endeavors (AWARE) Act--introduced in response to the horrendous abuse suffered by thousands of animals at the federally funded and operated Meat Animal Research Center in Nebraska. The AWARE Act would require federal farm animal research operations to abide by the Animal Welfare Act.
Charge/Objective: To gather, study, and interpret relevant information on animal welfare issues of importance to the veterinary profession, and to develop
Research in Animal Welfare and Behaviour spans fundamental studies of cognition and emotion, through validation of animal welfare assessment methodologies, identifying and quantifying welfare problems and their causes in farm, laboratory, companion and working animals, to implementing research based solutions in the real world. This unique integrated approach is achieved by collaborations between senior principle investigators with expertise in different areas, including fundamental behaviour, cognition, emotion; companion animal behaviour; welfare on farm and implementation of welfare solutions; and statistical and mathematical approaches.. The group collaborates extensively with others outside of the School, and AWB research is firmly embedded within the University Research Centre for Behavioural Biology (an interdisciplinary venture between biological sciences, mathematics and veterinary sciences).. ...
Animal welfare is about quality of life. An animal feels most comfortable in an environment that allows it to express its natural behaviour and does not cause any chronic stress, pain or fear. Feed, care, housing and medical treatments all influence the welfare of agricultural animals. Animal welfare is judged using the five freedoms. An animal should be free: of hunger, thirst and inappropriate nutrition; of physical and physiological inconveniences; of pain, wounds and diseases; of fear and chronic stress; to express its natural (species-specific) behaviour. Wageningen UR is looking at ways to guarantee these freedoms in animal husbandry.
Humane endpoints are a core refinement concept in animal experimentation. This paper identifies an urgent requirement for individuals and institutions to refocus on humane endpoints as part of the transposition of Directive 2010/63/EU into the national laws of the Member States, and to go beyond their legal construction when setting new guidance or applying humane endpoints in practice. It will be argued that requirements for humane endpoints within the Directive appear not to promote recent advances in best practice, but seem reliant on a narrow and potentially outdated definition of the term. We describe progress that has been made in encouraging change in the construction and application of humane endpoints, and suggest that Directive 2010/63/EU does not sufficiently acknowledge the conceptual complexity of this refinement strategy. For example, a useful development representing recent consensual views of best practice has been proposed by an EU consortium (in 2012). A complex approach to ...
FRANCE - New animal welfare rules from France will aim to place welfare at the heart of the agriculture strategy, according to farming minister Stéphane Le Foll.
FRANCE - New animal welfare rules from France will aim to place welfare at the heart of the agriculture strategy, according to farming minister Stéphane Le Foll.
How far have we come and what is the future for farm animal welfare? This will be the focus of a public lecture and international conference at Bristol University this week. Entitled Farm animal health and welfare - past, present and future, the lecture will be given by Alick Simmons, Deputy Chief Veterinary Officer of the UK Government Department, Defra (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs). The lecture takes place at 6.30 pm on Thursday, April 17 in the Powell Lecture Theatre, H H Wills Physics Building, Tyndall Avenue, Bristol. It is free and open to everyone. The lecture is part of this years Colston Research Society Symposium, a two-day meeting at the Universitys School of Veterinary Science at Langford, which will bring together an international line-up of experts to discuss farm animal welfare and the link with disease.. The symposium entitled, Farm animal welfare and the interface with disease, has six sessions that will progress from the fundamentals of animal welfare, ...
Animal Welfare. This is a group for people who want to help homeless and abandoned animals find caring and loving homes. And to provide more people with information about animal welfare. Not to mention, help stop animal cruelty. (Animals & Pets)
Despite these guidelines, producers and consumers often disagree about which management system is better for animals: conventional vs. organic vs. free range vs. pasture raised vs. grass fed. Producer and consumer values often dictate this conclusion making it possible for both groups to be able to rationally justify what they perceive as "better." However, animal welfare is not as dependent on the type of system used as the Management of that system-animal welfare has the potential to be excellent or terrible in any system.. In 1997, David Fraser and his colleagues at the University of British Columbia introduced a framework complementary to the Five Freedoms to demonstrate this point. They proposed there are three major concepts of animal welfare: health and production; natural behavior; and feelings (affective states). Every type of management system has tradeoffs. While a pasture system may provide more freedom of movement (natural behavior), an indoor system may provide more freedom from ...
Get this from a library! Animal welfare. [C R W Spedding] -- Animal Welfare explains the nature and scale of the current animal welfare problem, asks who is responsible for our treatment of animals, what standards exist aimed at regulation and what role the ...
GenScript USA, Inc. received the approval of Animal Welfare Assurance from the Office of Laboratory Animal Welfare (OLAW) of the U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH) for its animal facility on 9 November
Animal welfare, etológia és tartástechnológia Animal welfare, ethology and housing systems Volume 7 Issue 4 Különszám Gödöllı THE CONTROL OF VARROA MITE IN ORGANIC APICULTURE Dániel Szalai, Tamás
USDA Animal Care, a unit within the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, administers the Animal Welfare Act (AWA). This federal law establishes requirements concerning the transportation, sale, and handling of certain animals and includes restrictions on the importation of live dogs for purposes of resale, prohibitions on animal fighting ventures, and provisions intended to prevent the theft of personal pets. Regulations established under the AWA set standards for the humane care and treatment for certain animals that are exhibited to the public, sold for use as pets, used in research, or transported commercially. Facilities using regulated animals for regulated purposes must provide their animals with adequate housing, sanitation, nutrition, water and veterinary care, and they must protect their animals from extreme weather and temperatures. The regulations also establish specific requirements that must be met prior to the importation of dogs for resale purposes. Highly-trained USDA ...
Animal welfare science is a multidisciplinary subject. To advance the broad subject of animal welfare, researchers need to meet and discuss their results and ideas. These symposia are intended to be a friendly scientific forum for such discussion. Both natural and social scientists are welcome ...
The Animal Welfare Society exists to provide humane shelter and care to animals and to further the cause of responsible animal adoption and ownership.
The Animal Welfare Society exists to provide humane shelter and care to animals and to further the cause of responsible animal adoption and ownership.
you are here Guide > Animal Welfare Organisations > New South Wales > Animal Welfare Organisations - DABS (Domestic Animal Birth Control Society) in Canterbury ...
We know that animal welfare is important to you, our customers, so we are committed to creating products that have been produced to good animal welfare standards.
Volunteer with Progressive Animal Welfare Society of Bremerton, o. Find Progressive Animal Welfare Society of Bremerton, o volunteering opportunities at VolunteerMatch!
Neighbors of a dog-breeding widow in Scotland learned Friday that she had been a millionaire and that she had left those millions for animal welfare.. Grace Smith, 84, left an estate of more than 7 million pounds ($10.5 million), The Scotsman reported. About half the money goes to the Dogs Trust and most of the rest to other animal welfare organizations.. Smith also made sure that her last pets are provided for. Her dogs, Winnie and Harry, and her cat, Puss Puss, get a total of 50 thousand pounds ($75,000) to allow them to ...
The Acting Administrator of the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, United States Department of Agriculture [hereinafter Complainant], instituted this disciplinary administrative proceeding under the Animal Welfare Act, as amended (7 U.S.C. §§ 2131-2159) [hereinafter the Animal Welfare Act]; the regulations and standards issued under the Animal Welfare Act (9 C.F.R. §§ 1.1-3.142) [hereinafter the Regulations and Standards]; and the Rules of Practice Governing Formal Adjudicatory Proceedings Instituted by the Secretary Under Various Statutes (7 C.F.R. §§ 1.130-.151) [hereinafter the Rules of Practice], by filing a Complaint on February 22, 1996.. The Complaint alleges that: (1) on October 5, 1994, November 15, 1994, and January 31, 1995, Samuel Zimmerman [hereinafter Respondent] failed to maintain complete records showing the acquisition, disposition, and identification of animals in willful violation of section 10 of the Animal Welfare Act (7 U.S.C. § 2140) and section 2.75(a)(1) ...
Report on the Welfare of Farmed Animals at Slaughter or Killing - Part Two: White Meat Animals. This is the second report dealing with the welfare of farmed animals at slaughter or killing and was published in May 2009. This Report contains the Councils views on the welfare of farmed poultry and rabbits at slaughter or killing. It makes a number of recommendations that aim to improve the standard of animal welfare before and during slaughter or killing.. ...
California processor Central Valley Meat Co. is the subject of a recent Internet animal cruelty video released by anti-meat organization, Compassion over Killing. The video captured instances of inhumane handling practices that are not condoned by the beef and cattle industry or the Canadian Cattlemens Association (CCA). The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) suspended operations at the company pending investigation of the animal welfare issues cited in the video. The plant reopened after federal officials approved corrective action plans to improve the treatment of animals. As a result of the video, major customers, including McDonalds Corp., cancelled or suspended contracts with the company. These types of undercover videos, typically taken by activists with an ordinary cellphone, draw attention to animal welfare issues. Their underlying motivation in exposing such acts is not to improve animal agriculture; but to end it by falsely portraying inhumane practices as the industry ...
Historically, animal welfare has been defined by the absence of negative states such as disease, hunger and thirst. However, a shift in animal welfare science has led to the understanding that good animal welfare cannot be achieved without the experience of positive states. Unequivocally, the housing environment has significant impacts on animal welfare. This review summarises how cage and cage-free housing systems impact some of the key welfare issues for layer hens: musculoskeletal health, disease, severe feather pecking, and behavioural expression. Welfare in cage-free systems is currently highly variable, and needs to be addressed by management practices, genetic selection, further research, and appropriate design and maintenance of the housing environment. Conventional cages lack adequate space for movement, and do not include features to allow behavioural expression. Hens therefore experience extreme behavioural restriction, musculoskeletal weakness and an inability to experience positive ...
To help veterinarians and the general public understand the complexity and passion behind animal welfare issues, the American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA) has launched its
These are abuses that good livestock producers would not tolerate. They are animal cruelty abuses such as dragging downed crippled cattle, rough handling, throwing baby dairy calves, beating an animal, starving an animal, failing to provide shelter, or shackling and hoisting an animal prior to ritual slaughter. Almost all problems which occur during handling, transport and slaughter of livestock are Category #1 abuses. I estimate that over 75% of all livestock producers, transporters and slaughter plants do a good job of preventing these abuses. However, 10% allow Category #1 abuses to occur frequently and another 10% occasionally have problems with animal abuse. This is an area where the industry needs to clean up its house and take action against the bad operators ...
As public awareness of environmental issues and animal welfare has risen, catering to public concerns and views on these issues has become a potentially profitable strategy for marketing a number of product types, of which animal products such as dairy and meat are obvious examples. Our analysis suggests that specific marketing instruments are used to sell animal products by blurring the difference between the paradigms of animal welfare used by producers, and the paradigms of animal welfare as perceived by the (...) public. These instruments rely on ethical, political and sustainable consumption discourses in order to sell one image of animal welfare in intensive animal production while the actual production at the same time presupposes a quite different paradigm of animal welfare. Specifically, product advertising utilizes representations tied to concepts of naturalness in depictions of both animal lives and product processes as "natural". Product marketing suggests a coherence between nature, ...
On June 19, 2003, the McDonalds Corp. announced a ban on the use of growth-promoting antibiotics in chickens raised for the companys 30,000 restaurants worldwide. The policy, to be fully implemented by the end of 2004, requires suppliers to eliminate feeding antibiotics used in human medicine to chickens to make them grow abnormally fast and large. McDonalds is promoting the policy as part of its overall commitment to social responsibility and animal welfare. In 2000, McDonalds became the first U.S. food company to impose minimum welfare standards on its egg suppliers when it announced suppliers must stop withholding food from hens to manipulate egg production (a practice known as forced molting), increase the amount of cage space for each hen from 48 to 72 square inches, and phase out debeaking. The move signaled acknowledgement that many farming practices are not only inhumane, but are also responsible for a growing number of health risks affecting both animals raised for food and ...
The 3Rs: Replacement, Reduction, and Refinement, are important from a legal, ethical and scientific standpoint. All research using animals in the US, for example at universities and pharmaceutical companies, is regulated by the Animal Welfare Act (AWA), which is administered by the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) of the US Department of Agriculture…
The Animal Welfare Act sets out an ethical framework for the use of animals in research, testing, and teaching. Before a project using animals can take place, it must be approved by an animal ethics committee, which is also responsible for monitoring the project. Every project that uses animals must demonstrate that the benefits of the research (for example, to the maintenance of human health or the production and productivity of animals) are not outweighed by the likely harm to the animals being used for research.. Find out more about animals in research, testing, and teaching. ...
In a statement issued today, the Pet Industry Joint Advisory Council commented on a petition for rulemaking under the Animal Welfare Act to increase minimum standards at commercial dog breeding... ...
I live in Australia and we did have a flourishing sealing industry until the mid 19th century. Thank goodness it finished then and I am appalled that there are still 5 countries who rely (so they say) commercially on sealing. I just assumed, I guess, and silly of me to do so, that because Australia is no longer a party to this practice, that no-one else was either. I am so glad that I live in a country that increasingly recognises that animal protection and welfare is a high priority. Also, as a member of the Commonwealth, I am surprised and disappointed that Canada, still a Commonwealth country also, is still a party to this trade. I might also add, however, that in Australia, we do still have battles to win for the protection of our domestic and native animals, one battle being that of saving the dingo. One of those organisations of which I support is the Save the Fraser Island Dingo, a true battlefield in animal welfare. And as far as China is concerned - Canada, dont go there. With regard ...
The Acting Administrator of the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (hereinafter Complainant) instituted this disciplinary administrative proceeding under the Animal Welfare Act, as amended (7 U.S.C. §§ 2131-2159) (hereinafter the Animal Welfare Act); the regulations and standards issued under the Animal Welfare Act (9 C.F.R. §§ 1.1-3.142) (hereinafter the Regulations and Standards); and the Rules of Practice Governing Formal Adjudicatory Proceedings Instituted by the Secretary (7 C.F.R. §§ 1.130- .151) (hereinafter the Rules of Practice), by filing a Complaint on July 6, 1994. On September 2, 1994, Respondents Counsel, Christopher M. Patterson, Esq., filed an Answer to the Complaint on behalf of Respondent. On December 11, 1995, Respondents Counsel filed a Motion to Withdraw Appearance, which motion Administrative Law Judge Edwin S. Bernstein (hereinafter ALJ) granted on December 18, 1995.. On December 21, 1995, Complainant filed an Amended Complaint which includes counts I-VI ...
New legal requirements are being introduced in New South Wales and will require all abattoirs to designate an Animal Welfare Officer to be present on the premises to monitor and take responsibility for the welfare of animals. Minister for Primary Industries, Katrina Hodgkinson, today announced the new animal welfare
This workshop comprised four complementary talks exploring possible ways in which recent research in neuroscience could be of interest to animal welfare scientists. Three of the talks centred on the hippocampus and the likely role of adult hippocampal neurogenesis (AHN) in positive welfare.. Bruno Frenguelli described data from laboratory rodents demonstrating that environmental enrichment (EE) can reduce or even abolish the age-related cognitive decline that is usually seen in mice housed in standard laboratory caging. If old mice were housed in enriched cages for ten weeks they become leaner, showed increased exploration of the elevated plus maze indicative of lower anxiety, showed no signs of neurological aging and improved spatial memory compared with control mice housed in standard cages. Bruno argued that EE works by releasing BDNF into the brain, which in turn leads to AHN and increases in dendritic spine density. This work suggests a mechanism for some of the known beneficial effects of ...
Understanding Asia The income per capita for developing countries in Asia in the early 70s were in estimation of 1/10th in comparison to developed countries in the west. Economics being the guiding factor for any enterprise and privately owned veterinary practices were rarely seen. Families were focused on sustaining their needs rather than their wants. The public, hence did not regard veterinary care as a priority...although many people at that time had adopted pets from the streets. These pets were kept entirely for utility purposes i.e., dogs to guard properties and cats to rid off rats. On the other-hand people who owned pedigree pets were more profit-orientated with their various breeding practices and hence welfare was not a valued consideration at all. And because of the local scenario that ridiculed the veterinary profession, the veterinarians themselves took a defensive stand and approached the science with secondary and not primary health care in mind. Like any snowballing effect, the ...
The Philadelphia Police Departments Mounted Police Unit was joined at its headquarters by U.S. Rep. Patrick Meehan, R-Pa., the Animal Welfare Institute (AWI), the ASPCA (The American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals) and The Humane Society of the United States to garner public support for federal legislation to stop the inhumane killing of American horses for human consumption.
Institute of Animal Health Pirbright Laboratory - Animal Welfare Organisations Woking, Surrey, GU24 0NF. . View contact details, opening hours and reviews. See what other people have said or leave your own review. Brought to you courtesy of My Local Services.
Index to OLAW Reports Dear Colleague letters, and published articles written by the Office of Laboratory Animal Welfare (OLAW), NIH, concerning the PHS Policy on Humane Care and Use of Laboratory Animals. Provides for easy identification of topics address
Veterinarians at the New Zealand Veterinary Association conference in Christchurch will be asked to play a bigger role in reporting animal welfare cases, particularly on farms.
It is a difficult task to improve animal production by means of genetic selection, if the environment does not allow full expression of the animals genetic potential. This concept may well be the future for animal welfare, because it highlights the need to incorporate traits related to production and robustness, simultaneously, to reach sustainable breeding goals. This review explores the identification of potential genetic markers for robustness within the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis (HPAA), since this axis plays a vital role in the stress response. If genetic selection for superior HPAA responses to stress is possible, then it ought to be possible to breed robust and easily managed genotypes that might be able to adapt to a wide range of environmental conditions whilst expressing a high production potential. This approach is explored in this review by means of lessons learnt from research on Merino sheep, which were divergently selected for their multiple rearing ability. These two selection
This chapter of the Meat Hygiene Manual of Procedures (MOP) provides policy interpretation of regulatory requirements, procedures, and guidelines regarding the regulatory requirements related to animal welfare.
Learn more about Upper Peninsula Animal Welfare Shelter in Negaunee, MI, and search the available pets they have up for adoption on Petfinder.
Many people who dont own cats give felines a bad rap, according to a survey co-sponsored by the Morris Animal Foundation, a Denver-based animal welfare organization.. Commonly held misunderstandings and myths about cats are part of the reason felines get less veterinary care, are the subject of less health research and are euthanized at a higher rate when they enter shelters. the survey indicated.. This is despite the fact that there are more cats than dogs in American homes. the survey noted. The other sponsors were the American Pet Products Association and Maddies Fund, a charitable foundation in Alameda, Calif.. More than half of those surveyed had an overall negative attitude toward cats. Top causes for negative opinions were litter box smell, shedding, unprovoked biting and the perceived inability of cats to get along with other pets.. The three top-rated negative behaviors cited were "jumps on counters/tables," "scratches furniture" and "spits up hairballs.". "Interestingly, the primary ...
UK – Calls in the UK to label meat products with information about animal welfare at slaughter must not be hijacked by prejudice, according to the British Veterinary Association.
Course Aims: This course examines the way in which the law regulates the treatment of animals in Britain. Topics covered include: historical development; the legal status of animals and the continuing need for regulation; the legal and political framework, including the impact of the WTO and the EU; the legal meaning of unnecessary suffering; the scientific concept of animal welfare; and the substance and effectiveness of the law in relation to the use of animals in specific contexts. Consideration is also given to relevant political, scientific, ethical and commercial issues which influence the substantive law. The course places particular emphasis on developing research skills. Main Learning Outcomes: Knowledge and Understanding: A developed knowledge and understanding of: a) Hstorical attitudes to the moral and legal status of animals with particular reference to the impact of utilitarianism and evolution by natural selection. b) The impact of EU law and the relevant effects of devolution. c) ...
TESTIMONY OF Gail Golab, PhD, DVMDirector, Animal Welfare DivisionAmerican Veterinary Medical Association ConcerningCaptive Primate Safety Act(H.R. 2964)
UK - A network is being set up that will foster collaboration within the UK animal welfare research community, and will receive over £100,000 in funding from BBSRC.
Animal welfare advocates are joining worker rights and food safety groups in opposition to a poultry industry proposal to speed up portions of processing lines at chicken plants.
Massey Universitys Animal Welfare group promotes the humane and responsible care of animals through scientific research and education, and develop ethical principles to guide human-animal interactions and biotechnology.
Why are we not talking about animal welfare?. Anyone with any experience of Shechita, knows that the Shochet (slaughterman) undergoes years of intensive training. A perfectly clean and swift incision with a surgically sharp instrument (chalaf) severs the structures at the front of the neck - the trachea, oesophagus, carotid arteries and jugular veins. The speed and precision of the incision ensures the lack of stimulation of the severed structures and results in the immediate loss of consciousness; blood flow to the brain is completely halted. In addition, blood empties rapidly from the brain. Irreversible cessation of consciousness and insensibility to pain are achieved, providing the most effective stun in accordance with the EU definition of stunning which is any intentionally induced process which causes loss of consciousness and sensibility without pain including any process resulting in instantaneous death. There is no delay between the Shechita stun and subsequent death so the animal ...
A British animal welfare group said on Tuesday it had exposed a cruel and secretive trade in endangered baboons which were being sold from Tanzania to medical research organizations in the United States.
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Animal Welfare Leagues doors are open 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, 365 days a year to receive animals.. NO ANIMAL IS EVER REFUSED. ...
American Humane Associations Humane Heartland farm animal welfare program provides ongoing outreach to farmers in the implementation of humane practices for animals by way of the American Humane Certified program and rigorous, science-based standards. Humane Heartland also provides humane care training for workers, review of equipment that improves animal welfare, humane education, and thought leadership in animal welfare and food issues.
American Humane Associations Humane Heartland farm animal welfare program provides ongoing outreach to farmers in the implementation of humane practices for animals by way of the American Humane Certified program and rigorous, science-based standards. Humane Heartland also provides humane care training for workers, review of equipment that improves animal welfare, humane education, and thought leadership in animal welfare and food issues.
1. Ewing, S.A.; Lay, D.C.; Eberhard, V.B. Farm Animal Well Being; Prentice Hall, 1999.. 2. Moberg, G.P.; Mench, J.A. The Biology of Animal Stress; CABI Publishing, 2000.. 3. UEP Scientific Advisory Committee on Animal Welfare. Recommendations for UEP Animal Welfare Guidelines; United Egg Producers: Atlanta, GA, 2000.. 4. Guide for the Care and Use of Agricultural Animals in Agricultural Research and Teaching; Federation of Animal Science Societies, 1999.. 5. Deen, J.; Xue, J. Sow Mortality in the US: An Industry Wide Perspective, Allen D. Leman Swine Conference, 1999; 91 94.. 6. Geiger, J.O.; Irwin, C.; Pretzer, S. Assessing Sow Mortality, Allen D. Leman Swine Conference, 1999; 84 87.. 7. Jensen, P.; Toates, F.M. Who needs behavioral needs? Motivational aspects of the needs of animals. Appl. Anim. Behav. Sci. 1993, 37, 161 181.. ...
Animal welfare lacks a good universal definition and a satisfactory distinction from the term "well being". However, a consensual definition is essential for practical, legislative and scientific purposes. Without a clear definition, animal welfare cannot be effectively studied or conclusively assessed to provide remedial measures to its violation [1-3]. Animal welfare is therefore defined as the ability of an animal to interact or cope comfortably with its environment, resulting in satisfaction of both its physical and mental state [4-6]. This satisfaction enhances expression of normal behavioural patterns by the animal [7,8].. In the context of welfare, "environment" refers to internal factors (within the animal) and external factors (in the animals physical environment) to which the animal responds with its physiological and psychological systems [6,9]. In contrast, animal "well being" is defined as the animals perception of its state in trying to cope with its environment [1,5]. Concisely, ...
Animal welfare lacks a good universal definition and a satisfactory distinction from the term "well being". However, a consensual definition is essential for practical, legislative and scientific purposes. Without a clear definition, animal welfare cannot be effectively studied or conclusively assessed to provide remedial measures to its violation [1-3]. Animal welfare is therefore defined as the ability of an animal to interact or cope comfortably with its environment, resulting in satisfaction of both its physical and mental state [4-6]. This satisfaction enhances expression of normal behavioural patterns by the animal [7,8].. In the context of welfare, "environment" refers to internal factors (within the animal) and external factors (in the animals physical environment) to which the animal responds with its physiological and psychological systems [6,9]. In contrast, animal "well being" is defined as the animals perception of its state in trying to cope with its environment [1,5]. Concisely, ...
Animal welfare during contagious disease outbreaks: Preventive isolation measures instead of large-scale culling programs?. Although the spring outbreaks of Highly Pathogen Avian Influenza in Europe and North America are finally behind us, the discussions on what caused these outbreaks and why specific parts of the industry were hit so severely are just beginning. In these discussions, the financial impact for the industry has the highest priority and animal welfare seems to be of secondary importance. It is likely that outbreaks may reappear in the fall months when temperatures begin to drop and wild birds begin to migrate for the winter, causing similar disease issues in coming autumn, jeopardizing the animal welfare rights of poultry again.. To minimize the impact on the poultry industry as well as to minimize the risk that animals need to be culled, its important to understand how the initial transmission of HPAI takes place and to analyze the several ways the virus could be transmitted ...
MEPs beefed up the European Commissions initial proposal, citing high mortality rates at all development stages of cloning and EU citizens animal welfare and ethical concerns.. "Due to the negative effects on animal welfare, cloning for farming purposes is rejected by a large majority of consumers. Furthermore, we do not need cloning to ensure meat supplies in the EU. Prohibiting cloning is therefore a matter of European values and principles. Consequently, the ban should apply not only to clones themselves but also to their reproductive material (semen and embryos), their descendants and any products derived from them, including imports. This is necessary because otherwise we would merely promote cloning in third countries," said Environment Committee co-rapporteur Renate Sommer (EPP, DE).. "There are two key points that we focused on from the outset: protecting the health of EU citizens and consumers and extending the ban to cover the descendants of cloned animals," said co-rapporteur law ...
Im known to most animal lovers and rescue groups as Critical Pets Rescue. Along with helping to rescue dogs from kill shelters, educating the public on animal welfare and cruelty issues, I have published (and delivered)over a dozen petitions seeking incarceration of animal abusers who have committed heinous acts of animal cruelty. Few survive, but most often the animals endure an agonizing death. I support and defend changes in state legislations regarding animal protection, welfare, and their basic rights to life; to actively seek changes in the laws to protect the animals...NOT the abusers! Loving animals goes beyond pet ownership. Its about standing up for their rights to live and be protected from abuse and cruelty. I will defend the Voiceless Victims until I cease to exist ...
Another feature of the IBF is the applied animal welfare: in more than 10 courses per year the basics of laboratory science and animal experiments are taught to scientists working with animals for the first time. Methodological specializations take place in the according research laboratories. That is how animal welfare regulations as well as scientific needs are accounted for. Only proceedings in accordance with animal welfare meet the requirements of research.. ...
The U.S. Department of Agricultures (USDA) Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) is inviting public comments on a proposed rule to amend the Animal Welfare Act (AWA) concerning the humane handling, care and treatment of marine mammals in captivity. The proposed rule will be available for comment for 60 days. The Animal Welfare Act (AWA) sets basic standards for humane care and treatment that must be provided for certain animals including marine mammals that are used in exhibition or research. The current standards for marine mammals were put in place in 1998. The proposed changes are based on recent documented scientific data and studies to better ensure humane handling and treatment of marine mammals in a way that is practical and enforceable. As it developed this proposed rule, APHIS considered information from professional organizations, hundreds of public comments, exhibitors and published scientific studies, as well as the agencys own experience with marine mammals.. The rule ...
In October 2016, the Ministry for Primary Industries began an investigation into allegations of breaches of the Animal Welfare Act 1999 at the Animal Control Unit of the Napier City Council.. The allegations related to the period between August 2015 and October 2016. The investigation was concluded in January 2017 and a report released in May 2017.. The report concluded there was either no or insufficient evidence of breaches of the Animal Welfare Act 1999.. ...
Introduction. A new generation of consumers not only choose meat products according to perceived eating quality and affordable pricing, but also consider the nutritional value and the ethical quality of the meat, animal welfare issues, and the degree of impact on the environment caused by the production system. Another reason for choosing ecologically or non-intensively produced meat is the belief that the taste and nutritional value of this type of meat are superior to those of conventionally produced meat (Nilzén et al., 2001; Edwards, 2005; Alfaia et al., 2007; 2009; Muchenje et al., 2009a; Mapiye et al., 2011). These are the reasons that in the last few years there has been an increase in demand for foodstuffs obtained from so-called organic, natural or biological livestock production systems. Meat from these biological production systems is thought to be more nutritious and more appealing to the senses (Nilzén et al., 2001; Sundrum, 2001; Edwards, 2005).. There is not much information on ...
Position Posting: Animal Care Technician. The Humane Society for Greater Savannah is always seeking applicants for the full-time, hourly position of Animal Care Technician. This position pays $11/hr without benefits and requires an in person interview and a half day working interview.. POSITION SUMMARY. With direct oversight, provides humane care for sheltered animals by feeding and caring for animals, cleaning, maintaining the facility and providing customer service/information regarding animal care and other resources. Provide counseling and education for the general public regarding HSGS policies and animal welfare issues when appropriate. Ensure thorough and timely notification of any animal or organization related issues to supervisory staff. This is a full or part-time position and includes evening, weekend, and holiday scheduling.. DUTIES AND RESPONSIBILITIES:. Responsible for providing high quality care to the animals housed at the Humane Society of Greater Savannah (HSGS ...
Contemporary understanding of One Welfare highlights the intrinsic link between animal and human welfare and ethics, regarding physical and psychological well-being as equally important. These principles apply to all animals we keep, regardless of why we keep them. One factor influencing psychological welfare is how animals are prepared for their life, including how they are taught (trained) to behave. Where such preparation is lacking or inappropriate methods are used, animals will be...
Foreword. Preface.. 1 Introduction.. 1.1 What Is Suffering?.. 1.2 Why Worry about Suffering?.. 1.3 When Can We Stop Worrying about Suffering?.. 1.4 Recognising Suffering in Animals.. 1.5 Can Animals Go Mad?.. 1.6 What Constitutes Animal Suffering?.. 1.7 Conclusions.. 2 Stress.. 2.1 Stress Physiology.. 2.2 Stress-related Disorders.. 2.3 Restraint Stress.. 2.4 Stress-induced Analgesia.. 2.5 Stress-induced Seizures and Fits.. 3 Anxiety and Fear.. 3.1 Introduction.. 3.2 Anxiety.. 3.3 Experimental Models.. 3.4 Fear.. 3.5 Fright.. 3.6 Phobias.. 3.7 Panic.. 3.8 The Role of the Amygdala.. 3.9 Losing Ones Mother.. 4 Emotional Numbness and Deprivation.. 4.1 Anhedonia.. 4.2 Depression.. 4.3 Social isolation in the Newborn.. 4.4 Sensory Deprivation in Early Life.. 4.5 Sensory Deprivation in Later Life.. 4.6 Social isolation and barren environments.. 4.7 Stereotypies and neurotic behaviours.. 4.8 Learned Helplessness.. 4.9 Post-traumatic Stress Disorder.. 4.10 Sleep Disorders.. 4.11 Weaning.. 4.12 ...
in Livestock Science (2013), 155. In pig production, the interest for litter systems in relation with animal welfare and the ban by 2013 in the EU of individual accommodations for gestating sows could promote the group-housing of ... [more ▼]. In pig production, the interest for litter systems in relation with animal welfare and the ban by 2013 in the EU of individual accommodations for gestating sows could promote the group-housing of gestating sows on deep-litter. However, compared to slatted-floor systems, few data are available on the gaseous emissions associated with the different modalities of rearing sows on deep-litter. In this study, two modalities were compared: group housing on a 3 m2/sow deep-litter or on a 1.8 m2/sow deep-litter plus 1.2 m2/sow concrete floor. In both cases, sows were fed in individual feeding stalls (1.2 m2/stall) but the access was limited at feeding time in the first case and permanent in the second one. Three successive batches of 10 gestating sows were used. ...
The preparatory considerations for the restructuring of the slaughter legislation for cows, calves and sheep also had to include the slaughter of these animals in accordance with religiously mandated regulations without prior "stunning" (so-called ritual slaughter). Since long, factual, legal, and ethical issues confront each other inextricably in this matter. The opposition to a stunning-free slaughter has a long history. For example, the executive committee of the Federation of Animal Welfare Associations petitioned the Imperial German Parliament already in 1895 to proscribe the stunning-free slaughter. In 1910, 612 German slaughterhouse veterinarians and 41 German veterinary associations described stunning-free slaughter as cruelty to animals in a declaration to the Imperial German Parliament and demanded a legal prohibition. Even before, in 1901, 441 out of 463 experts described the stunning-free slaughter as contrary to animal welfare in a questionnaire aimed at all veterinarians as well as ...
Despite public outcry, the response from Forestry Minister Zulkifli Hasan has been disappointing. Zulkifli refuses to take action to detain suspects of an elephant slaughter in Aceh out of fear of provoking conflict, as the alleged killers are former combatants of the separatist Free Aceh Movement. "Our team, the forest rangers and the police need to be really careful, as we are dealing with the whole village. We cannot risk any human lives even though we want to resolve the case," Zulkifli said. From his statement, it is plain to see that the policy is not to risk any human lives to seek justice for animals. In response to Dians request that the minister urge President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono to form a national commission for the protection animals, Zulkifli said a new team was unnecessary, as Indonesia already has conservation laws and animal protection regulations in place. Now with tens of thousands of people behind their cause, Aulia and Dian have stepped up their campaign by launching a ...
Download the questionnaires, technical documents and reports that describe the survey process and the key results for this study ...
Download the questionnaires, technical documents and reports that describe the survey process and the key results for this study ...
THE ANIMAL PROTECTION ACT - INTERNATIONAL COMPARISONS AND BEST PRACTICES presented by SANDRA GORE and CHARLOTTE NIKSCHTAT. INTRODUCTION. The General Structure of Animal Welfare Legislation The purpose / underlying principles of the legislation Slideshow 68112 by sherlock_clovis
Firstly we need to examine the word cruel. What is cruelty? Is there cruelty in the world? Who created the cruelty if it exists?. Let us look at what constitutes cruelty first. Is childbirth an act of cruelty? Is a heart transplant an act of cruelty? Is refusing a child something he or she desires, knowing that it may harm the child, an act of cruelty? Is toil and labour for the sake of achieving ones goal cruel? As you would have come to realise, none of the above depictions constitutes cruelty. The common thread through all of them is that they all include pain, fatigue or emotional distress. So cruelty cannot simply be defined as pain or emotional distress.. So what does constitute cruelty? Lets look at some obvious examples: causing injury to somebody, for no reason except to inflict pain and suffering on the victim would definitely constitute one form of cruelty. Denying and child access to something that has no potential to harm the child, and that will in fact benefit the child, can ...
This paper is the result of an international initiative and is a first attempt to develop guidelines for the care and welfare of cephalopods (i.e. nautilus, cuttlefish, squid and octopus) following the inclusion of this Class of approximate to 700 known living invertebrate species in Directive 2010/63/EU. It aims to provide information for investigators, animal […]. ...
The fish come from open-sea farms in areas such as Loch Etive on the west coast of Scotland.. To replicate the natural migration of wild fish they start in fresh water before moving to sea lochs, allowing them to grow naturally, and resulting in a distinct flavour and texture.. Customers can find Scottish Loch Trout Fillets pre-packed fish aisle or on the counter, all carrying the Freedom Food label.. This is assurance the fish have been reared to the RSPCAs strict welfare standards throughout the supply chain.. Sue Lucas, Sainsburys product developer said: "Animal welfare and where food comes from is of huge importance to our customers. So were delighted that our fresh Loch trout now carries the Freedom Food label, independently marking it as higher welfare.". This is good news for consumers as increasing numbers of people choose fish on health grounds, yet worry about sustainability and animal welfare. Trout is one of the fish recommended in this years Switch the Fish campaign, Sainsburys ...
Dr Chamberlain reintroduces the concepts of animal rights, ethics, image and welfare, as well as cultural, religious and traditional values, and highlights the need for genuine welfare issues to be the focus of future attention, rather than ethical and image issues. He highlights that arguments need to be based on science (if possible), and gives examples where public image and emotion is not consistent with evidence of improved welfare outcomes, when comparing the welfare outcomes of different animal production systems. Examples of global and Asian animal welfare issues are highlighted, and current activities are discussed, including bear bile collection, greyhound racing in Australia and dog transport and slaughter in Asia, imported Australian cattle slaughter in Asia, and the introduction of new veterinary legislation in Vietnam. Future focus is also discussed, including legislating against bear farming across Asia, addressing the welfare issues around dog caging, transport and slaughter, possibly
The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (IACUC) oversees the Universitys animal care and use program and is responsible for reviewing all animal care applications using vertebrate animals, ensuring compliance with federal animal welfare regulations, inspecting animal facilities and investigator laboratories, investigating animal concerns, and overseeing training and educational programs. Continue Here. • NIH/PHS Animal Welfare Assurance Number:D16-00256 (A3410-01 ...
This paper aims to describe the development of laboratory animal science in China on the basis of historical evidence and recent national survey data, and to identify the problems facing the adoption of Three R alternatives. The authors undertook a national survey in 2006, by means of a questionnaire sent to 31 provinces, municipalities and autonomous regions, and also compared data from a variety of sources, including several national surveys and published papers. Laboratory animal science in China has developed rapidly over the past 30 years, as a result of a combination of economic, governmental and societal forces. More than 100,000 people work in the field of laboratory animal science, in 2,000 laboratory animal centres, institutes, universities, organisations, and companies. During the year of our survey, more than 19 million laboratory animals were produced from 320 licensed production facilities. Approximately 16 million laboratory animals were used in animal experiments, in 1530 ...
Alternatives to animal experimentation The in vitro core toxicology unit is studying placental transportation of substances and materials in a laboratory model with fresh placentas from births at the Rigshospitalet (RH). A variety of chemicals, such as pesticides, substances formed during food preparation, biological therapeutics, naturally occurring large biomolecules, as well as nanoparticles are studied in the system. In collaboration with clinicians and pathologists from the RH, the in vitro core unit is elaborating the model and also participating in international validation programs of alternatives to animal experimentation. The vision is, in collaboration with other in vitro toxicology researchers, to create a battery of toxicology tests to minimize the use of experimental animals, which is an action point in the research strategy of the EU. As the research activities of the in vitro core unit involve blood and tissue from participants, ethical issues related to recruitment, feedback and ...
... - Colorado Convention Center - Denver - Colorado - United States - United States - Event Overview:\r\nEach fall since 1950, the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science has held its annual National Meeting. During the five days of the meeting, members and nonmembers come together to enjoy the workshops, lectures, poster sessions, and exhibits. The program is designed to have topics relevant to the entire membership. Exhibitors have an opportunity to interact with AALAS members from the academic community, research institutions, government organizations, and commercial companies. The AALAS National Meeting is the largest gathering in the world of professionals concerned with the production, care, and use of laboratory animals.\r\nExhibitor Information:\r\nThe AALAS National Meeting is the largest gathering in the world of professionals concerned with the production, care, and
Faecal Egg Count Reduction Tests (FECRTs) for macrocyclic lactone (ML) and levamisole (LEV) drenches were conducted on two dairy farms in the subtropical, summer rainfall region of eastern Australia to determine if anthelmintic failure contributed to severe gastrointestinal nematode infections observed in weaner calves. Subtropical Cooperia spp. were the dominant nematodes on both farms although significant numbers of Haemonchus placei were also present on Farm 2. On Farm 1, moxidectin pour-on (MXD) drenched at 0.5 mg kg-1 liveweight (LW) reduced the overall Cooperia burden by 82% (95% confidence limits, 37-95%) at day 7 post-drench. As worm burdens increased rapidly in younger animals in the control group (n = 4), levamisole was used as a salvage drench and these calves withdrawn from the trial on animal welfare grounds after sample collection at day 7. Levamisole (LEV) dosed at 6.8 mg kg-1 LW reduced the worm burden in these calves by 100%, 7 days after drenching. On Farm 2, MXD given at 0.5 ...
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DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH NATIONAL INSTITUTE ON ALCOHOL ABUSE AND ALCOHOLISM Minutes of the 136th Meeting of the NATIONAL ADVISORY COUNCIL ON ALCOHOL ABUSE AND ALCOHOLISM June 4-5, 2014

COST Action B24 Laboratory Animal Science and WelfareCOST Action B24 Laboratory Animal Science and Welfare

COST B24: Laboratory animal science and welfare European Cooperation in the field of Scientificand Technical Research (COST) is ... The COST Manual of Laboratory Animal Care and Use: Refinement, Reduction, and Research. Editors Bryan Howard, Timo Nevalainen, ... Action B24 is to increase knowledge necessary for both ethically sustainable and scientifically valid use of laboratory animals ...
more infohttp://biomedicum.ut.ee/costb24/

Bachelor of Science - Laboratory Animal Science - North Carolina A&T State UniversityBachelor of Science - Laboratory Animal Science - North Carolina A&T State University

Graduates also emerge with leadership skills in the area of animal welfare. The degree is the only program of its kind in North ... Laboratory animal science is a fascinating, relatively new field of applied science which deals with the biology of animal ... Please see the curriculum and course descriptions and contact the Department of Animal Sciences to find out how this degree can ... The B.S. in Laboratory Animal Science is the degree of choice for students who are interested in pre-vet, pre-med, and ...
more infohttp://www.ncat.edu/caes/departments/ansc/undergrad/bs_lab_ani_sci/index.html

Animal rights is the position that animals should not be exploited. Animal rights people believe that animals should not be...Animal rights is the position that animals should not be exploited. Animal rights people believe that animals should not be...

Animal rights people believe that animals should not be used for food, clothing, entertainment, medical research, or product ... Animal rights is the position that animals should not be exploited. ... Animal Welfare Institute (AWI) - animal welfare supporter  work to protect endangered species, improve lives of animals used ... 16  Animals for meat  Animals for milk  Animals for fiber  Animals for pharmaceutical production (live)  Animals for ...
more infohttp://slideplayer.com/slide/4211626/

Permit to Hunt Endangered African Black Rhino Sells for $350,000; Animal Rights Group Describe it as Sad JokePermit to Hunt Endangered African Black Rhino Sells for $350,000; Animal Rights Group Describe it as 'Sad Joke'

... in a move that has been slammed by the animal rights activists. ... Jeffrey Flocken of the International Fund for Animal Welfare ( ... The incident has prompted one of the fieriest debates on how to preserve the animal, which has now come to the verge of being ... The auction, which will see the sacrifice of one animal for the so-called greater good of the endangered species, has been ... Permit to Hunt Endangered African Black Rhino Sells for $350,000; Animal Rights Group Describe it as Sad Joke. ...
more infohttp://www.ibtimes.co.in/permit-to-hunt-endangered-african-black-rhino-sells-for-350000-animal-rights-group-describe-it-as-sad-joke-533945

Different Perspectives on Animal RightsDifferent Perspectives on Animal Rights

In 1966 the Animal Welfare Act was enacted to protect laboratory animals used in research (Ho). This act has been updated many ... Animals fitting the description of companion animal have more rights than wild animals, but companion animals are still seen as ... Animal law has been receiving much attention lately due to the standing that animals now hold in society. Many view animals not ... Although an animal may be injured, those injuries may not be causing the animal to suffer. Assessing suffering in animals is ...
more infohttp://webclearinghouse.net/volume/9/LYONS-DifferentP.php

Roche - Animal welfareRoche - Animal welfare

We provide training for all employees who work with animals and employ animal welfare officers to oversee best practices. We ... developing alternatives to animal testing. About alternatives to animal testing. Like all research-based healthcare companies, ... Association for Assessment and Accreditation of Laboratory Animal Care International Website. Downloads. *FAQs on Animal ... Before any new treatment can be used in humans, it must first be tested in animals to determine that it is safe and effective. ...
more infohttps://www.roche.com/research_and_development/who_we_are_how_we_work/ethics_in_rd/animal_welfare.htm

Animal welfare - WURAnimal welfare - WUR

Feed, care, housing and medical treatments all influence the welfare of agricultural animals. Animal welfare is judged using ... An animal feels most comfortable in an environment that allows it to express its natural behaviour and does not cause any ... Wageningen UR is looking at ways to guarantee these freedoms in animal husbandry. ... the five freedoms. An animal should be free: of hunger, thirst and inappropriate nutrition; of physical and physiological ...
more infohttps://www.wur.nl/en/Research-Results/Animal-welfare.htm

Animal Welfare PolicyAnimal Welfare Policy

... has a deep respect for animal welfare and does not conduct animal testing. Avon does not conduct animal testing on its products ... Avon is a strong advocate of both the ethical and humane treatment of animals and the protection of human health and safety. ... no animal testing), has undergone rigorous and thorough safety evaluation, and can be used with the utmost confidence. ...
more infohttps://www.youravon.com/en/us-home/other-content/animal-welfare-policy.html

USDA APHIS | Animal Welfare ActUSDA APHIS | Animal Welfare Act

USDA Animal Care, a unit within the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, administers the Animal Welfare Act (AWA). This ... USDA Animal Care also employs veterinarians who specialize in the care of particular animal species as well as those with a ... The following animals are not covered: farm animals used for food or fiber (fur, hide, etc.); coldblooded species (amphibians ... Facilities using regulated animals for regulated purposes must provide their animals with adequate housing, sanitation, ...
more infohttp://www.aphis.usda.gov/aphis/ourfocus/animalwelfare/sa_awa

Tattooed dog photos prompt animal welfare concernsTattooed dog photos prompt animal welfare concerns

Ms Soares shared them among her followers and they swiftly went viral, with animal lovers appalled at the pets apparent ...
more infohttps://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2016/10/17/tattooed-dog-photos-prompt-animal-welfare-concerns/

Animal Welfare - City of AlbuquerqueAnimal Welfare - City of Albuquerque

Animal Welfare Information about Albuquerques Animal Welfare services. http://www.cabq.gov/pets/pets http://www.cabq.gov/@@ ... About Animal Welfare. Albuquerques lost and adoptable pets are our highest priority. We are honored to help with pet-care ... Its the Law Animal Welfare Department Ordinance 9-2-3-14 reads: ... Animal Welfare. Information about Albuquerques Animal Welfare ... Noisy Animals. Sometimes animals can get noisy and it can be a distraction. ...
more infohttp://www.cabq.gov/abq-view/key-information/inspector-general-investigations/pets

Animal welfare and rights in India - WikipediaAnimal welfare and rights in India - Wikipedia

Street dogs in Chennai Fauna of India Animal welfare and rights in China Animal welfare and rights in Brazil Animal welfare in ... Animal rights Animal welfare Timeline of animal welfare and rights Speciesism Parliament of India (1982). "The Prevention of ... Indias first national animal welfare law, the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act, 1960, criminalizes cruelty to animals, ... Category:Animal welfare organisations based in India Cattle slaughter in India Animal sacrifice in Hinduism Animal sacrifice ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Animal_welfare_and_rights_in_India

Animal Welfare Policy StatementsAnimal Welfare Policy Statements

AVMA Animal Welfare Principles Joint AVMA-Federation of Veterinarians of Europe (FVE) Statement on The Roles of Veterinarians ... The Veterinarians Role in Animal Welfare. This informative booklet provides AVMA policy statements on animal welfare issues ... Veterinarians and Veterinary Associations Working with Animal Control and Animal Welfare Organizations, AVMA Guidelines for ... AVMA Animal Welfare Principles. Joint AVMA-Federation of Veterinarians of Europe (FVE) Statement on The Roles of Veterinarians ...
more infohttps://www.avma.org/KB/Resources/Reference/AnimalWelfare/Pages/Animal-Welfare-Policy-statements.aspx

Animal Welfare - ApplegateAnimal Welfare - Applegate

All the turkey raised for Applegate is third-party certified for animal welfare standards by Global Animal Partnership® Step 1 ... Developed in the United Kingdom in the 1960s, the Five Freedoms of Animal Welfare are widely considered by groups such as the ... The vast majority of our farms are third-party certified, in addition to being verified by our trained animal welfare experts. ... All animals raised for us get more room than animals in other systems. Theyre freer to engage in natural behaviors and have ...
more infohttp://applegatefarms.com/mission/animal-welfare

Animal Welfare Information CenterAnimal Welfare Information Center

... is mandated by the Animal Welfare Act (AWA) to provide information for improved animal care and use in research, testing, and ... Animal Welfare Information Center. The Animal Welfare Information Center (AWIC) is mandated by the Animal Welfare Act (AWA) to ... Animal Welfare Act (AWA). Sets standards for the treatment of animals in research, exhibition, transport, and by dealers. ... Workshop on Meeting the Information Requirements of the Animal Welfare Act AWIC provides training on how to effectively search ...
more infohttps://www.nal.usda.gov/awic

General Mills: Animal welfare policyGeneral Mills: Animal welfare policy

Today, our commitment extends throughout our global supply chain, as we seek to continuously learn and work to improve animal ... and have long-sought to support the humane treatment of animals in agriculture. ... Animal welfare policy. We care about animal welfare - and have long-sought to support the humane treatment of animals in ... To advance toward a more sustainable planet including animal welfare, we will apply and work to achieve the "five freedoms" for ...
more infohttps://www.generalmills.com/en/News/Issues/animal-welfare-policy

Moral progress and animal welfareMoral progress and animal welfare

... ensure that animal-welfare laws apply throughout the country. The animal-welfare movement in China should not be satisfied with ... There remain many other countries with deplorable animal-welfare standards. In Indonesia, for example, Animals Australia ... Moral progress and animal welfare. 15 July 2011. Reducing the suffering of all creatures is truly a mark of a civilised society ... In light - perhaps one should say darkness - of such images, it is sometimes suggested that animal welfare is exclusively a ...
more infohttp://www.aljazeera.com/amp/indepth/opinion/2011/07/20117159193612442.html

Animal Welfare Scope - City of AlbuquerqueAnimal Welfare Scope - City of Albuquerque

... www.cabq.gov/municipaldevelopment/documents/cip-documents/environmental-planning-commission-2011-go-bond-program/animal_welfare ...
more infohttp://www.cabq.gov/municipaldevelopment/documents/cip-documents/environmental-planning-commission-2011-go-bond-program/animal_welfare_scope.pdf/view

IFAW - International Fund for Animal WelfareIFAW - International Fund for Animal Welfare

International Fund for Animal Welfare (IFAW), The Wild Animal Sanctuary (TWAS) and Forest Animal Rescue (FAR) welcomed two ... International Fund for Animal Welfare teams with Bare Tree Media to release emojis to engage audiences in animal rescue and ... International Fund for Animal Welfare , 290 Summer Street, Yarmouth Port, MA 02675 , USA. IFAW is a 501(c)3 nonprofit ... IFAW experts are available for comment on a wide array of animal welfare topics both as a general resource and for media ...
more infohttps://www.ifaw.org/united-states/news/south-africa-community-led-animal-welfare-program-builds-community-no-other?page=2&quicktabs_qt_news_page=1

USDA APHIS | Center for Animal Welfare (CAW)USDA APHIS | Center for Animal Welfare (CAW)

The final section provides the Animal Welfare Act, Animal Welfare Regulations and Policies that pertain only to commercial dog ... Proper veterinary care is vital to ensure that regulated animals receive humane care and treatment, so Animal Welfare Act ... The program is now poised to more completely fulfill its leadership role with the APHIS Center for Animal Welfare (Center). ... Ongoing and still to come are efforts to provide leadership and current information on the latest in animal welfare science and ...
more infohttp://www.aphis.usda.gov/aphis/ourfocus/animalwelfare/caw/caw-program-info

Federal Register
       :: 
      Animal Welfare; Marine MammalsFederal Register :: Animal Welfare; Marine Mammals

We are considering amendments to the Animal Welfare regulations concerning the marine mammal standards for which consensus ... Animal Welfare; Marine Mammals. A Proposed Rule by the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service on 05/30/2002. ... The Animal Welfare Act (the Act) (7 U.S.C. 2131 et seq.) authorizes the Secretary of Agriculture to promulgate standards and ... We are considering amendments to the Animal Welfare regulations concerning the marine mammal standards for which consensus ...
more infohttps://www.federalregister.gov/documents/2002/05/30/02-13528/animal-welfare-marine-mammals

IFAW - International Fund for Animal WelfareIFAW - International Fund for Animal Welfare

International Fund for Animal Welfare , 290 Summer Street, Yarmouth Port, MA 02675 , USA. IFAW is a 501(c)3 nonprofit ... Animal Welfare Coalition Applauds Reintroduction of "Big Cat Public Safety Act" to Prohibit Private Ownership of Dangerous Big ... Jamuna, a female rhino who had been rehabilitated into the wild by the International Fund for Animal Welfare (IFAW), Read more ... IFAW experts are available for comment on a wide array of animal welfare topics both as a general resource and for media ...
more infohttps://www.ifaw.org/united-states/news/watch-our-6-best-animal-welfare-m?page=6&quicktabs_qt_news_page=2

Summer 2018 | Animal Welfare InstituteSummer 2018 | Animal Welfare Institute

... and the tortoiseshell trade have taken a heavy toll on this critically endangered animal. ... Farm Animals. AWI Report: Higher Welfare Means Healthier Animals. When the US Department of Agriculture withdrew the Organic ... Companion Animals * Animals & Family Violence * Safe Havens Mapping Project * Safe Haven Program Submission Form ... Animal Welfare Institute, 900 Pennsylvania Avenue, SE, Washington, DC 20003. Phone: (202) 337-2332 ...
more infohttps://awionline.org/awi-quarterly/2018-summer

Animal WelfareAnimal Welfare

Shires use of animals in research is closely monitored and Shire is sensitive to the well-being and humane treatment of ... Animal Welfare Animal studies are essential to characterize the biological actions of new drugs and to safeguard the volunteers ... We endeavor to ensure that appropriate standards of animal welfare and ethics are employed by Shire and any Contract Research ... Shire is committed to the principle of the 3Rs in its use of experimental animals: Reduction (of the number of animals used), ...
more infohttps://www.shire.com/who-we-are/how-we-operate/policies-and-positions/animal-welfare

Tri-boro animal welfare | petMDTri-boro animal welfare | petMD

The space is really inadequate for the animals but the staff are so nice and do the best they can with what they have. ... ":"The space is really inadequate for the animals but the staff are so nice and do the best they can with what they have."," ...
more infohttps://www.petmd.com/services/tri-boro-animal-welfare
  • The program is now poised to more completely fulfill its leadership role with the APHIS Center for Animal Welfare (Center). (usda.gov)
  • These materials were developed by the Center for Food Security and Public Health in collaboration with USDA APHIS Animal Care to provide information about the role of the attending veterinarian and licensing and regulatory requirements for Breeders and dealers. (usda.gov)
  • For example: evidence of a Veterinarian-Client-Patient-Relationship (VCPR), herd/flock health protocols signed off by the veterinarian, protocols for euthanasia (e.g., methods and steps to ensure animals are euthanized in a correct and timely manner), protocols for pain control during painful procedures (e.g., disbudding, castration, etc.), and documented evidence of animal handler training and ethics agreements. (osu.edu)
  • The AWA, which became law in 1966, does not cover every type of animal used in every type of activity. (usda.gov)
  • All VMOs have graduated from a veterinary medical college, and many have been private-practice veterinarians prior to joining USDA Animal Care. (usda.gov)
  • Conversely, when inspectors identify items that are not in compliance with the federal standards, USDA Animal Care holds those facilities responsible for properly addressing and correcting those items within a set timeframe. (usda.gov)
  • USDA Animal Care created the Dog Breeder Resource Guide to be a practical source of information for commercial dog breeders regulated under the Animal Welfare Act. (usda.gov)
  • Unfortunately, things haven't improved since the AWI petitioned the USDA in 2014 to require third-party certification of animal welfare in order to earn the "humane" label. (inhabitat.com)
  • Instead, the USDA relies on information about animal treatment provided by the producers themselves. (inhabitat.com)
  • The Indian branches of the Humanitarian League, an English organization which opposed vivisection and the mistreatment and killing of animals, focused on vegetarianism and cow protection while ignoring vivisection. (wikipedia.org)
  • The below powerpoint, video and script explain the role of attending veterinarians under the Animal Welfare Act. (usda.gov)
  • Laboratory animal veterinarians are greatly concerned with caring for small mammals away from their natural habitats-giving them the best life possible while they're under these researchers' care. (dvm360.com)
  • Every program has their own set of standards, usually created by collaboration among producers, veterinarians, scientists, animal advocacy groups, and industry professionals. (osu.edu)
  • Want to know more about our animal raising practices? (applegatefarms.com)
  • Today, our commitment extends throughout the global supply chain for our food products, as we seek to continuously learn and work to improve animal agriculture practices. (generalmills.com)
  • This work is done in close partnership with our suppliers and others, and we strive to create sustainable practices using the most humane animal treatment practices, which we believe will deliver greater business success by aligning closer to consumer expectations. (generalmills.com)
  • The Center and its Specialists are available to provide best-practices advice not only to Animal Care but also to: federal agencies, stakeholders, cooperatives, state and local government, and other countries. (usda.gov)
  • The second section presents additional tools and resources that may assist you with improving your business practices as well as increasing animal welfare. (usda.gov)
  • The Animal Welfare Institute (AWI) has just released a new report showing that poultry producers are deceiving customers by making unfounded animal welfare and environmental claims. (inhabitat.com)
  • Dr. Stephen Phillips Discusses Research on Ballina's Koalas from IFAW - Int. Fund for Animal Welf on Vimeo. (ifaw.org)
  • Long before Western philosophers included animals in their ethics, Chinese philosophers such as Zhuangzi said that love should permeate relations not only between humans, but between all sentient beings. (aljazeera.com)
  • In principle, the Universal Declaration would call on the United Nations to recognise animals as sentient beings, capable of experiencing pain and suffering, and to recognise that animal welfare is an issue of importance as part of the social development of nations worldwide. (wikipedia.org)
  • More controversially, the lower house of the Dutch parliament passed a law giving the Jewish and Islamic communities a year to provide evidence that animals slaughtered by traditional methods do not experience greater pain than those that are stunned before they are killed. (aljazeera.com)
  • Early legislation in the Western world on behalf of animals includes the Ireland Parliament (Thomas Wentworth) "An Act against Plowing by the Tayle, and pulling the Wooll off living Sheep", 1635, and the Massachusetts Colony (Nathaniel Ward) "Off the Bruite Creatures" Liberty 92 and 93 in the "Massachusetts Body of Liberties" of 1641. (wikipedia.org)
  • Later that month, Hudson announced that the Animal Welfare Party would stand in the London region in the 2014 European Parliament elections. (wikipedia.org)
  • The party says it was one of seven European animal protection parties contesting the 2014 European Parliament elections with the aim of returning dedicated representatives for animals to the EU Parliament for the first time. (wikipedia.org)
  • Animal Research is governed by the Animals (Scientific Procedures) Act 1986 (ASPA), and subsequent amendments. (qub.ac.uk)
  • We endeavor to ensure that appropriate standards of animal welfare and ethics are employed by Shire and any Contract Research Organizations that carry out programs of work on our behalf. (shire.com)
  • We are also a member of the European Partnership for Alternative Approaches to Animal Testing, a joint initiative between the European Commission, companies and trade associations. (roche.com)
  • This Wageningen University & Research internal partnership aims to be a key player in the field of welfare and adaptation of production animals, both at a national and international level. (wur.nl)
  • The Wageningen University & Research, Animal Welfare & Adaptation is a partnership of three research groups with strong expertise in animal welfare and adaptation: chair goup Adaptation Physiology , the chair group Behavioural Ecology and the Wageningen Livestock Research department Animal Welfare . (wur.nl)
  • Wageningen University & Research, Animal Welfare & Adaptation is an open network, implying that research groups and scientists active in areas related to welfare and adaptation of kept animals are welcome to join the partnership. (wur.nl)
  • The BSU is also supported by the services of a named veterinary surgeon who undertakes weekly checks of the facility, but who can also be called upon to deal with any animal welfare issues that may arise. (qub.ac.uk)
  • You might not feel the same about animal ownership after reading Run Spot Run , but it's better to be aware of the good as well as the bad for your veterinary patients. (dvm360.com)
  • Welcome as these initiatives are, the number of animals in circuses and zoos is tiny compared to the tens of billions of animals suffering in factory farms. (aljazeera.com)
  • Chinese zoos have drawn crowds by staging animal spectacles, and by allowing members of the public to buy live chickens, goats, and horses in order to watch them being pulled apart by lions, tigers, and other big cats. (aljazeera.com)
  • We look forward to working with our suppliers, consumers, animal welfare experts and other stakeholders to drive sustainable, cost-effective progress. (generalmills.com)
  • We appreciate and take seriously public concern about the use of animals in medical research. (roche.com)
  • Like all research-based healthcare companies, Roche conducts animal tests as required by regulatory authorities. (roche.com)
  • Information about pair and group housing of common animals used in research. (usda.gov)
  • Funding opportunities for the Replacement, Refinement or Reduction of the use of animals in scientific research or testing. (usda.gov)
  • The welfare of animals used in biomedical research is of paramount importance to our researchers. (qub.ac.uk)
  • As such, it is more advanced than the majority of all other similar facilities in the UK and underpins the world-leading animal research conducted at the University. (qub.ac.uk)
  • The researchers involved in the Committee have personal licences and have therefore undergone the Home Office training required for research involving animals under ASPA. (qub.ac.uk)
  • Many lifesaving advances in medicine and safety of the last century have drawn from the scientific discoveries of animal research and development. (covance.com)
  • We honor the contribution all research animals purposely bred and used within Covance make to lifesaving advances and will treat these animals with the respect that they deserve. (covance.com)
  • The research covers farm animals, companion animals and animals in the wild. (wur.nl)
  • In some cases, these standards have become animal welfare "assessment" or "audit" programs that assess whether individual farms are meeting the standards as set by the various programs. (osu.edu)
  • How Does an Animal Welfare Assessment or Audit Work? (osu.edu)
  • The goal of animal welfare assessment or audit programs are to evaluate whether a farm is meeting the standards of the specific program. (osu.edu)
  • Most programs have their standards publically available online (see below for links to common animal welfare assessment and audit programs). (osu.edu)
  • First, the British House of Commons passed a motion directing the government to impose a ban on the use of wild animals in circuses. (aljazeera.com)
  • Promoting the health, environmental and animal welfare benefits of a vegetarian diet. (dmoztools.net)
  • Each day the animals are checked to ensure they are content and have sufficient bedding, food and water. (qub.ac.uk)
  • In light - perhaps one should say darkness - of such images, it is sometimes suggested that animal welfare is exclusively a Western concern. (aljazeera.com)
  • But that is implausible, given that Buddhist tradition places more emphasis on concern for animals than Judaism, Christianity or Islam. (aljazeera.com)
  • The Center also has a team of Specialists with expertise ranging in exotic animals, kennels, biophysics, and training. (usda.gov)
  • Reduce - Improve existing methods so that fewer laboratory animals are required. (roche.com)
  • A new dynamic publication list providing information related to Blood Collection in Laboratory Animals. (usda.gov)
  • We believe that by striving for sustainable sourcing for all our animal ingredients, we will create the environment for more humane treatments of animals globally. (generalmills.com)
  • At times, it has seemed that gains for animals in Western countries have been outweighed by increasing animal abuse in China, as growing prosperity there boosts demand for animal products. (aljazeera.com)
  • page needed] Others see animal welfare gains as incremental steps towards animal rights. (wikipedia.org)
  • Hindu teachings do not require vegetarianism, however, and allow animal sacrifice in religious ceremonies. (wikipedia.org)
  • Where governmental agencies require animal testing to demonstrate safety or quality, studies are completed by accredited third-party facilities that follow proper animal welfare guidelines. (generalmills.com)
  • For these reasons, regulatory authorities around the world require pharmaceutical companies to thoroughly evaluate new products in animals during the drug development process. (shire.com)
  • The committee's first guidelines recommended that animals require the freedoms to "stand up, lie down, turn around, groom themselves and stretch their limbs. (wikipedia.org)
  • Animal welfare is about quality of life. (wur.nl)
  • M s Soares shared them among her followers and they swiftly went viral, with animal lovers appalled at the pet's apparent mistreatment. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • There are also stimuli, for example, play tunnels and houses, that enrich the animals' environment. (qub.ac.uk)
  • Animals need an environment in which they can thrive and be happy. (dvm360.com)
  • These include observations from the animals' environment that may contribute to an animal-based measurement. (osu.edu)
  • We will train co-workers who handle animals on proper procedures and techniques and will apply appropriate controls to ensure that these procedures and techniques and this Code of Respect are followed. (covance.com)
  • This federal law establishes requirements concerning the transportation, sale, and handling of certain animals and includes restrictions on the importation of live dogs for purposes of resale, prohibitions on animal fighting ventures, and provisions intended to prevent the theft of personal pets. (usda.gov)
  • AWL is currently caring for the eight dogs that were rescued by Cook County Sheriff's from the Dolton Animal Hospital on Sunday, September 21st. (animalwelfareleague.com)
  • The campaign to achieve the UDAW is being co-ordinated by World Animal Protection, with a core working group including Compassion in World Farming, the RSPCA, and the Humane Society International (the international branch of HSUS). (wikipedia.org)