The moral and ethical bases of the protection of animals from cruelty and abuse. The rights are extended to domestic animals, laboratory animals, and wild animals.
The use of animals as investigational subjects.
The protection of animals in laboratories or other specific environments by promoting their health through better nutrition, housing, and care.

Ethical review of regulatory toxicology guidelines involving experiments on animals: the example of endocrine disrupters. (1/32)

The safety assessment of new chemicals (including medicines, pesticides, food additives, and industrial chemicals) relies on the results of animal experiments. Because the safety of those exposed to these products and the welfare of the experimental animals used are considered critically important, both testing requirements and the welfare of experimental animals are controlled by law. In the U.K., projects that propose to use animals for experimental purposes, including for the testing of chemicals, have been controlled by law for over a century, with the most recent legislation (Animals [Scientific Procedures] Act of 1986) requiring a cost/benefit assessment before it may proceed. New regulations introduced in 1998 will require an ethical review process for all projects from April 1999. Such ethical review will have to take account of the toxicity testing methods and schemes that are required by the legislation aimed at protecting human health. Neither national nor international proposals for toxicity testing methods and schemes are generally subjected to ethical review from the point of protecting animal welfare. The international nature of the chemical and pharmaceutical industry means that testing requirements from one of the major national regulatory agencies (USA, EU, or Japan) or the international organizations (Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development [OECD]or the International Conference on Harmonization [ICH]) have an impact on the testing carried out by industrial organizations in all countries. The recent proposals for screening and testing chemicals to identify endocrine disrupters (ED) from the Endocrine Disrupter Screening and Testing Advisory Committee (EDSTAC) of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) are used as an example of the interaction between regulatory proposals and animal welfare issues. The current proposals are the most extravagant in the use of animals. Between 0.6 and 1.2 million animals would be required for each 1000 chemicals tested. The EPA, before incorporating them into regulation, is subjecting the recommendations to further review. This will undoubtedly moderate the number of animals actually used from the worst-case calculation. The variables that have the greatest impact on the number of animals required for testing are the prevalence of ED chemicals in the chemicals to be tested, and the sensitivity and specificity of the testing methods. The modeling demonstrates, for example, that increasing the prevalence from 10 to 50% reduces the number of animals used to detect one ED from 10,000 to 2700. Knowledge of the prevalence of EDs in the chemicals to be tested would allow rational selection of tier one screening based on the sensitivity and specificity of the screening tests. The EDSTAC proposals are difficult to justify from an ethical perspective, as equally effective detection rates may be achieved with fewer animals. National and international regulatory testing proposals should be subjected to formal independent ethical review before they are finalized, with a view to improving animal welfare.  (+info)

A reply to Joseph Bernstein. (2/32)

Dr. Bernstein suggests that anti-vivisectionists should be able to fill in a directive requesting that they receive no medical treatment developed through work on animals. It is replied that this would only be reasonable if research not using animals had long been funded as adequately and its results were currently available.  (+info)

A chair on alternatives? (3/32)

An overview is given on the legal framework in Europe for the use of experimental animals set by EU (European Union) Directive 86/609/EEC and on the activities of EU member states to implement this directive in the field of regulatory testing in animals. The significant decrease in the number of experimental animals in Germany during the past decade is described with particular reference to the recent increase that is due to transgenic animal models. From the regulatory and the animal welfare perspective the international harmonisation of test guidelines and the mutual acceptance of data are the way forward for chemical safety testing. The recent White Paper of the EU Commission for the future chemicals policy calls for an immediate increase in the number of validated in vitro toxicity tests to be accepted for regulatory purposes in the EU. In addition, deficits of properly educating young scientists in Germany in conducting animal experiments and implementing the 3-Rs concept of Russel and Burch are described. It is therefore, quite urgent to establish new chairs on animals and alternatives at universities in Europe. They should focus on both education young students of the biomedical sciences in the humane use of laboratory animals according to the 3-Rs concept and on developing new toxicity tests to be validated for regulatory purposes under the new EU chemicals policy by the established validation centres in Europe.  (+info)

Replacement, reduction and refinement. (4/32)

In 1959, William Russell and Rex Burch published "The Principles of Humane Experimental Technique". They proposed that if animals were to be used in experiments, every effort should be made to Replace them with non-sentient alternatives, to Reduce to a minimum the number of animals used, and to Refine experiments which used animals so that they caused the minimum pain and distress. These guiding principles, the "3 Rs" of animal research, were initially given little attention. Gradually, however, they have become established as essential considerations when animals are used in research. They have influenced new legislation aimed at controlling the use of experimental animals, and in the United Kingdom they have become formally incorporated into the Animal (Scientific) Procedures Act. The three principles, of Replacement, Reduction and Refinement, have also proven to be an area of common ground for research workers who use animals, and those who oppose their use. Scientists, who accept the need to use animals in some experiments, would also agree that it would be preferable not to use animals. If animals were to be used, as few as possible should be used and they should experience a minimum of pain or distress. Many of those who oppose animal experimentation, would also agree that until animal experimentation is stopped, Russell and Burch's 3Rs provide a means to improve animal welfare. It has also been recognised that adoption of the 3Rs can improve the quality of science. Appropriately designed experiments that minimise variation, provide standardised optimum conditions of animals care and minimise unnecessary stress or pain, often yield better more reliable data. Despite the progress made as a result of attention to these principles, several major problems have been identified. When replacing animals with alternative methods, it has often proven difficult to formally validate the alternative. This has proven a particular problem in regulatory toxicology, especially when combined with the labyrinthine processes of the various regulatory authorities. The principle of Reduction would appear less contentious, but its application has highlighted the difficulties of providing appropriate expert statistical advice, especially in academic research facilities. In some instances, concern to implement Reduction strategies can result in the use of too few animals, which leads to inconclusive results, and wasteful experiments. It is in the area of Refinement, however, that major problems have arisen. Much of our judgement of what represents Refinement is based on little more than common sense. We make assumptions about animals and their feelings that often have little scientific basis. In many instances we may be correct, but these assumptions may become incorporated into institutional or national policies, without any attempt to verify them. To give an example - it is reasonable to assume that animals will experience pain after a surgical procedure, so pain-relieving drugs should be given to prevent this. We have some idea of the appropriate dose of analgesics for most animals, but effective pain relief requires that dose given is adjusted to meet the requirements of the individual animal. Requiring every animal to have the same dose of the same drug after any surgical procedure is not the best way of dealing with post-operative pain. Discussion of these problems should not detract from the very significant progress that has been made in the 40 or so years since Russell and Burch set out their guiding principles. What is needed now is greater academic focus on this area, not only to work on new methods of implementing the 3Rs, but also to disseminate current "Best Practice", and to revise this advice as further progress is made.  (+info)

Science and society: different bioethical approaches towards animal experimentation. (5/32)

The use of live animals for experiments plays an important role in many forms of research. This gives rise to an ethical dilemma. On the one hand, most of the animals used are sentient beings who may be harmed by the experiments. The research, on the other hand, may be vital for preventing, curing or alleviating human diseases. There is no consensus on how to tackle this dilemma. One extreme is the view taken by adherents of the so-called animal rights view. According to this view, we are never justified in harming animals for human purposes - however vital these purposes may be. The other extreme is the ruthless view, according to which animals are there to be used at our discretion. However, most people have a view situated somewhere between these two extremes. It is accepted that animals may be used for research - contrary to the animal rights view. However, contrary to the ruthless view, that is only accepted under certain conditions. The aim of this presentation is to present different ethical views which may serve as a foundation for specifying the circumstances under which it is acceptable to use animals for research. Three views serving this role are contractarianism, utilitarianism and a deontological approach. According to contractarianism, the key ethical issue is concern for the sentiments of other human beings in society, on whose co-operation those responsible for research depend. Thus it is acceptable to use animals as long as most people can see the point of the experiment and are not offended by the way it is done. According to utilitarianism, the key ethical issue is about the consequences for humans and animals. Thus it is justified to use animals for research if enough good comes out of it in terms of preventing suffering and creating happiness, and if there is no better alternative. In the deontological approach the prima facie duty of beneficence towards human beings has to be weighed against the prima facie duties not to harm animals and to respect their integrity. By weighing these prima facie duties, the moral problem of animal experimentation exists in finding which duty actually has to be considered as the decisive duty. It will be argued that these three views, even though they will all justify animal experimentation to some extent, will do so in practice under different conditions. Many current conflicts regarding the use of animals for research may be better understood in light of the conflict between the three bioethical perspectives provided by these views.  (+info)

Fears grow about animal rights activists. (6/32)

The British government has blocked entry to a key American animal rights campaigner but there are growing concerns about local developments.  (+info)

Ahimsa and alternatives -- the concept of the 4th R. The CPCSEA in India. (7/32)

The Committee for the Purpose of Control and Supervision of Experiments on Animals (CPCSEA) in India is one of a kind in the world. It is a statutory body of the government of India formed by an act of the Indian parliament. This body consists of nominated members and representatives from national regulatory agencies, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Ministry of Environment and Forests, national academic and research councils, premier research institutes, eminent scientists and animal welfare organisations. The CPCSEA draws its powers from the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (PCA) Act of 1960 which states that the duty of the committee is "to take all such measures as may be necessary to ensure that animals are not subject to unnecessary pain or suffering before, during or after the performance of experiments on them". With the power to promulgate its own laws to ensure the humane and ethical use of animals in research and education, the CPCSEA in 1998 notified in the gazette of India the "Breeding of and Experiments on Animals (Control and Supervision) Rules 1998". The CPCSEA is unique in that the law in itself has enabled the creation of a common platform of discussion for scientists and animal activists for humane and progressive solutions for the use of animals in experimentation. In a country that is caught in a paradox of violence and rich cultural and religious traditions, India still draws a lot of its power from the concept of "Ahimsa" (the philosophy of non-violence). This concept is also pertinent to the use of animals in laboratories. Unethical, inhumane and unscientific practices, and ignorance of the use of alternatives were the way of science until 1999 when CPCSEA became functional. For four years CPCSEA has waged a battle, rescued thousands of animals from laboratories, fought legal battles to victory, enforced for the first time in the country good laboratory practice, designed guidelines for the use of animals in the production of immunobiologicals, introduced the credo of 3R principles, trained and taught scientific personnel the credibility of humane science and most importantly brought forward the concept of the fourth R, "rehabilitation" of used laboratory animals. Today CPCSEA has made it a national policy that personnel using experimental animals have a moral responsibility towards these animals after their use. Costs of after-care/rehabilitation of animals post experimentation are to be a part of research costs and should be scaled in positive correlation with the level of sentience of the animals. This paper is about the Indian law on animal experimentation and the success story of the CPCSEA in India in inculcating the credo of 4Rs -- Replacement, Reduction, Refinement, and Rehabilitation of animals used in experimentation.  (+info)

Laboratory animals and the art of empathy. (8/32)

Consistency is the hallmark of a coherent ethical philosophy. When considering the morality of particular behaviour, one should look to identify comparable situations and test one's approach to the former against one's approach to the latter. The obvious comparator for animal experiments is non-consensual experiments on people. In both cases, suffering and perhaps death is knowingly caused to the victim, the intended beneficiary is someone else, and the victim does not consent. Animals suffer just as people do. As we condemn non-consensual experiments on people, we should, if we are to be consistent, condemn non-consensual experiments on animals. The alleged differences between the two practices often put forward do not stand up to scrutiny. The best guide to ethical behaviour is empathy--putting oneself in the potential victim's shoes. Again to be consistent, we should empathise with all who may be adversely affected by our behaviour. By this yardstick, too, animal experiments fail the ethical test.  (+info)

Animal liberation Animal liberation movement Animal liberationist Animal rights by country or territory Animal studies Animal ... "animal rights" is often used synonymously with "animal protection" or "animal liberation". More narrowly, "animal rights" ... The vast majority of animals have no legally recognised rights. Critics of animal rights argue that nonhuman animals are unable ... Wikiquote has quotations related to Animal rights. Lubinski, Joseph (2002). "Overview Summary of Animal Rights", The Animal ...
... is an animal rights group based in Cambridge, England, founded in 1978. The group claims to be the ... longest standing local animal rights group in the UK. Animal Rights Cambridge opposes all forms of animal exploitation. The ... Tuesday 20 April 2010 Animal rights activists invade Downing Site as mark of protest accessed on 22 April 2010 Animal Rights ... Animal rights organizations, Animal welfare organisations based in the United Kingdom, 1978 establishments in the United ...
... animal rights) Animal-industrial complex Animal liberation Animal Rights Activists Animal research Critical animal studies ... The animal rights (AR) movement, sometimes called the animal liberation, animal personhood, or animal advocacy movement, is a ... Animal rights advocates believe that these basic interests confer moral rights of some kind on the animals, and/or ought to ... Farm Animal Rights Movement (FARM), a popular animal rights organization, has used moral shocks in its pay-per-view campaign, ...
"Release "Animal Rights" by Moby - MusicBrainz". "Moby - Animal Rights (1997, CD)". Discogs. "Ultratop.be - Moby - Animal Rights ... By 2002, Animal Rights had sold 100,000 copies worldwide. Stephen Thomas Erlewine of AllMusic wrote that Animal Rights "ranks ... Official website Animal Rights at Discogs (list of releases) Animal Rights at MusicBrainz (list of releases) (CS1 maint: others ... A second single from Animal Rights, "Come On Baby", was released on November 4, 1996, but failed to chart. Animal Rights was ...
The Animal Rights Party (German: Tierrechtspartei, TRP) is an inactive animal welfare political party in Austria. It is led by ... Animal advocacy parties, Political parties established in 2007, Political parties in Austria, All stub articles, Western ... European political party stubs, Austria politics stubs, Animal rights stubs). ...
Animal rights may also refer to: Animal Rights (album), a 1996 album by Moby Animal Rights (instrumental), a 2010 instrumental ... Animal rights movement All pages with titles containing Animal rights All pages with titles beginning with Animal rights Animal ... Look up animal rights in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. Animal rights is the idea that the most basic interests of non-human ... This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title Animal rights. If an internal link led you here, you may wish ...
Animal rights organizations, Animal rights, Animal testing, Animal Liberation Front, Eco-terrorism). ... The Animal Rights Militia (ARM) is a banner used by animal rights activists who engage in direct action utilizing a diversity ... Animal rights extremists force firms to cut all links with lab, The Independent, 2 October 2005. "Animal rights extremists ... "Animal rights scare sparks recall". BBC News. 30 August 2007. Retrieved 9 November 2007. Animal Rights Militia Claim Tampering ...
Animal liberationist Animal rights List of animal rights advocates The Six Principles of the Abolitionist Approach to Animal ... Animal Rights Zone, May 18, 2011, accessed May 24, 2011. Regan, Tom. The Case for Animal Rights. University of California Press ... Animal Rights: The Abolitionist Approach, September 2010. Francione, Gary. "Animal Rights: The Abolitionist Approach", accessed ... "An Interview with Professor Gary L. Francione on the State of the U.S. Animal Rights Movement", Friends of Animals, accessed ...
"Animal Rights" is an instrumental by Canadian electronic music producer Deadmau5 and American DJ Wolfgang Gartner. It was ... "Animal Rights - Single by deadmau5 & Wolfgang Gartner on Apple Music". iTunes. Retrieved 22 February 2017. "Deadmau5 - Music ... Mau5 It Up: New collaboration with Wolfgang Gartner previewed - ANIMAL RIGHTS / Radio 1 Show. Mau5itup.blogspot.com (28 August ...
... refers to topics related to animal rights in Colombia. The Colombian constitution does not recognize ... Animal rights and Environment Juliana's Animal Sanctuary is the first-ever animal sanctuary in South America. (Articles with ... G on World Animal Protection's Animal Protection Index. Legal penalties of the interest of animal rights are stipulated in Law ... There are numerous non-governmental organizations working in Colombia on behalf of animal rights. The Colombian Constitution ...
... in animal rights/animal ethics, "Animal Politics" and "animal political theory". Cochrane's work, especially Animal Rights ... The aim of Animal Rights Without Liberation was to "decouple animal rights and animal liberation". Cochrane claims that not ... Animal Rights Without Liberation seeks to decouple animal rights from animal liberation. For Cochrane, of central importance is ... for Cochrane in line with orthodox animal rights theory, animals are owed some utility-trumping rights-a right not to suffer ...
"Animal rights movement," in Marc Bekoff (ed.). The Encyclopedia of Animal Rights and Animal Welfare. Greenwood, 2009. Free, Ann ... Ryder, Richard D. "The Oxford Group," in Marc Bekoff (ed.). The Encyclopedia of Animal Rights and Animal Welfare. Greenwood, ... Paterson, David and Ryder, Richard D. Animals' Rights: A Symposium. Open Gate Press, 1979. Ryder, Richard D. Animal Revolution ... "A Tribute to Ruth Harrison", Animal Welfare Institute Quarterly, Fall 2000, Volume 49, Number 4. Kean, Hilda. Animal Rights: ...
Animal rights is the idea that non-human animals are entitled to the possession of their own lives. In this way, animal rights ... For Voiceless, animal protection is a term which encompasses animal welfare, and animal rights, in an attempt to unify those ... Voiceless Animal Law Talk for animal law students, and Talking APEs for high school students. Animal welfare and rights in ... animal experimentation, animals in entertainment, animals killed for fashion; or Built public understanding of animal sentience ...
Animal liberation movement Leaderless resistance Animal rights Animal testing List of animal rights groups Mann, Keith, (2007) ... Western Animal Rights Network. Disclaimer, Western Animal Rights Network. Six Animal Rights Advocates Are Convicted of ... The Western Animal Rights Network (WARN) first appeared in 2005 as a coalition for animal rights groups in the West of England ... Free the Animals: The Story of the Animal Liberation Front, Lantern Books, ISBN 1-930051-22-0 Western Animal Rights Network ...
... environmentalism Ethics of eating meat Islam and animal rights Judaism and animal rights Lamb of God Oxford Centre for Animal ... Animal Rights and Human Morality. Prometheus Books. p. 117. ISBN 978-1-61592-211-6. Phelps, Norm (2002). Animal Rights ... The aforementioned Andrew Linzey commented in 1996 that: [I]t's right for animal rights people to be critical and judgmental of ... Animal rights and religion, Animals in Christianity, Christian ethics, Christianity and society). ...
The Massachusetts Animal Rights Coalition (MARC) is a non-profit volunteer-run animal rights organization based in ... MARC targets a broad range of animal rights causes, including animal testing and experimentation, animals in entertainment, ... considers exotic animal ban - News Archived August 1, 2012, at the Wayback Machine Massachusetts Animal Rights Coalition ... Animal rights organizations, Animal welfare organizations based in the United States, Non-profit organizations based in ...
504-505 Leaderless resistance Animal rights Animal Liberation Front (ALF) Animal Rights Militia (ARM) Green Scare Revolutionary ... Furthermore criticism from the mainstream animal rights movement includes comparing animal rights and the struggles to abolish ... Animal rights movement, Animal testing, Animal Liberation Front, Eco-terrorism). ... "You cannot be in favour of animal rights and at the same time attack people because at the end of the day people are animals, ...
"Animal Rights National Conference". Farm Animal Rights Movement. January 12, 2021. "U.S. Animal Rights Hall Of Fame". Animal ... The conferences helped spawn other animal rights organizations with different focuses, including Farm Animal Rights Movement ( ... Mobilization for Animals, and Animal Rights Network.: 75-76 : 190, 222, 223 Peter Linck of the National Alliance for Animals ... individuals who have made outstanding contributions towards animal rights in the US are inducted into the U.S. Animal Rights ...
Animal rights Animal Liberation Front (ALF) Animal Rights Militia (ARM) Animal rights and punk subculture Food Not Bombs Green ... of Animal Rights Ambiguities of Animal Rights a criticism of animal rights from a social ecology perspective From animals to ... Frequently, in the case of Animal Rights Militia (ARM), Animal Liberation Brigade (ALB) and Justice Department (JD) have ... is also common within the animal rights movement. Activists using names such as Stop Huntingdon Animal Cruelty (SHAC) and ...
... (KARA) is a non-profit organization that supports animal welfare in Korea and deals with animal ... Animal welfare and rights in South Korea Peggs, Kay (2012). Animals and Sociology. Springer. p. 139. ISBN 978-0-230-37727-1. "A ... KARA campaigns for animal welfare issues in Korea such as animal testing, animal shows, dog meat consumption and the use of fur ... Animal rights organizations, Animal welfare organizations based in South Korea, Organizations established in 2002). ...
By contrast, the concept of moral rights for animals in a narrower Western philosophical sense, or of legal rights for animals ... Activist groups involved included the Justice Department, the Animal Rights Militia and SHAC. In the 1980s, animal rights ... Regan, Tom (1983). The Case for Animal Rights. University of California Press. Regan, Tom (2001). Defending Animal Rights. ... argued in Rights of an Animal (1879) that animals have the same natural right to life and liberty that human beings do, ...
List of animal rights groups "Holocaust survivor heads animal rights group Alex Hershaft throws himself into cause" Archived ... The Animal Rights Movement in America. Twayne Publishers, 1994; p. 84. Lawrence Finsen and Susan Finsen. The Animal Rights ... FARM's 1981 first-ever animal rights conference laid the foundation for the U.S. animal rights movement. Seven additional ... animal rights movement mission from vivisection to animal farming, which accounts for 98% of all animal abuse and killing. ...
"The Case for Animal Rights", in Tom Regan and Peter Singer (eds.). Animal Rights and Human Obligations. Prentice Hall, 1976. ... the right action is to override the rights of the many. As this relates to animal rights, Regan asserts the harm in the death ... The Ideology of the Animal Rights Movement. Temple University Press, 1996. Regan, Tom. The Case for Animal Rights. University ... Sumner, L. W. "The Case for Animal Rights by Tom Regan", Noûs, Vol. 20, No. 3 (Sep., 1986), pp. 425-434. Portals: Books Animals ...
Li, Peter J. "China: Animal rights and animal welfare" in Marc Bekoff (ed.). Encyclopedia of Animal Rights and Animal Welfare. ... Animal rights Animal welfare List of vegans List of vegetarians List of peace activists List of animal rights groups List of ... Advocates of animal rights support the philosophy of animal rights. They believe that many or all sentient animals have moral ... "Animal rights movement," in Marc Bekoff (ed.). The Encyclopedia of Animal Rights and Animal Welfare. Greenwood, 2009. For more ...
"Animal rights". BBC. Retrieved 17 March 2019. The main reason for Hindu respect for animal rights is the principle of ahimsa. ... The respect for animal rights in Jainism, Hinduism, and Buddhism derives from the doctrine of ahimsa. In Hinduism, animals ... Animals in Islam Christian vegetarianism Grant, Catharine (2006). The No-nonsense Guide to Animal Rights. New Internationalist ... Articles containing Hindi-language text, Animal rights and religion, Animals in Buddhism, Hindu theology, Hinduism and cattle, ...
Animal rights Animal welfare List of animal rights advocates List of animal advocacy parties List of animal welfare groups List ... This list of animal rights groups consists of groups in the animal rights movement. Such animal rights groups work towards ... Animal Aid (UK) Animal Defenders International Animal Defense League Animal Ethics Animal Legal Defense Fund Animal Liberation ... Animal Liberation Brigade (RCALB) Western Animal Rights Network (WARN) These groups, though not directly animal rights groups, ...
... is an animal rights group led by its president Nancy Burnet and based in California, United ... "Bob Barker sued by animal rights group". UPI. August 30, 1989. Guither, Harold D (1998). Animal Rights: History and Scope of a ... v t e (Animal rights organizations, Animal welfare organizations based in the United States, Non-profit organizations based in ... "United Activists for Animal Rights , Society, Social Assistance & Lifestyle > Animals & Society from". AllBusiness.com. ...
Animal-industrial complex Animal rights by country or territory Animal welfare in Nazi Germany Godwin's law Holocaust ... "Now you know how an animal feels." Roberta Kalechofsky, a Jewish animal rights activist, wrote: "The agony of animals arises ... Roberta Kalechofsky of Jews for Animal Rights argues in her essay "Animal Suffering and the Holocaust: The Problem with ... philosopher and animal rights activist Steven Best argued that using a phrase like "animal holocaust" in a serious way can help ...
List of songs about animal rights Anarchism and animal rights List of animal rights advocates Anthropologist Dylan Clark ... the radical animal rights and environmental movements. Peterson states that the impact of animal rights on hardcore is felt not ... Several animal rights activists such as Peter Daniel Young, several members of Stop Huntingdon Animal Cruelty 7 (SHAC 7), and ... The debates arising from the new moral tendencies in hardcore prompted animal rights to become predominant in the 1990s. Animal ...
In the seminal law review article entitled "The Birth of Animal Rights Law: The Role of Lawyers in the Animal Rights/Protection ... animal rights. The first federal and state court legal cases in the United States to use the word animal rights were in ... Having founded the Animal Rights Law Reporter, which became "the legal clearinghouse for animal rights law information"; and, ( ... Animal law: To implement Professor Holzer's vision that the law can be used to foster, protect, and advance animal rights, ...
Steve is infuriated at Mephisto's betrayal, and threatens to kill him right then and there, but is stopped when Mephisto ... his favorite animal, despite the fact that he has never seen one) are extinct due to the ocean filling with sand. Showing him a ... much like Cliff Hangers from The Price Is Right). The Fist Team came from behind to win after the High School team incorrectly ...
Kedys had visitation rights every other weekend. But later Stankunaite gave up her custody rights, giving them to the father. ... A political animal of the European Union.[citation needed] In 2013, the pedophilia case was recreated in a popular Korean ... On this basis, in December 2008, Kedys obtained full custody of his daughter with no visitation rights for Stankūnaitė. The ...
Norm Phelps, 75, American author and animal rights activist. Washington Rodríguez, 70, Uruguayan Olympic bantamweight boxer, ... Martha Farkas Glaser, 93, Civil Rights Activist and Manager of Jazz musician Erroll Garner. Sjefke Janssen, 95, Dutch racing ... Alphonse J. Jackson, 87, American educator and civil rights activist, member of the Louisiana House of Representatives (1972- ... Patricia Hill Burnett, 94, American artist and women's rights activist. Ernest de Soto, 91, American lithographer. Dorrit Dekk ...
In February, 1674, Månsson purchased rights for 500 acres on Pennsauken Creek from the New Jersey government and was the ... trading manufactured goods for animal pelts. The building was probably originally oriented to the west, toward the creek.: 27 ... supporting allegations that Lord Baltimore recognized the New Sweden colony's right to occupy land along the Delaware. Månsson ...
Mann advocated animal rights and was supportive of the Humanitarian League. On the outbreak of the Spanish Civil War in July ... 1998). Animal Rights: Political and Social Change in Britain Since 1800. Reaktion Books. p. 136. ISBN 1-86189-014-1 Garner, ... The Political Theory of Animal Rights. Manchester: Manchester University Press. p. 103. ISBN 0-7190-6710-3. Simkin, John ( ...
Also, DiCicco claimed he was not paid anything for the first film and that he owns the Air Bud rights (based on the name of ... Films about animals playing sports). ...
However, Amanda believes that her pending animal-cruelty trial would make her an immediate suspect. They decide instead to ... Shortly after, Focus Features acquired distribution rights to the film, retitling it Thoroughbreds later in the year. It was ... resulting in charges of animal cruelty. Sometime later, Amanda arrives at the home of the more popular and academically ...
Parish, Jeremy (2014-05-06). "Where Final Fantasy Went Wrong, and How Square Enix is Putting It Right". USGamer. Archived from ... Yip, Spencer (2014-02-11). "Lightning Returns: Final Fantasy XIII Is More Animal Crossing Than Final Fantasy". Siliconera. ... Yip, Spencer (2014-05-14). "Final Fantasy Agito Is Out Right Now". Siliconera. Archived from the original on 2014-08-17. ...
However, Burt threw himself in front of Sean, taking the bullet in his right leg; Sean had chased Thanatos to the roof of the ... "The Animal" Steele as Himself Jim "The Anvil" Neidhart as Himself (uncredited) Kamala as Himself (uncredited) Angeline-Rose ...
Behring maintained that he had broken no laws, and had shot the animal legally while assisting Kazakh scientists. The National ... sex-enhancing drugs and requiring she keep waivers on hand for his potential sex partners to sign away their rights to demand ... He has been criticized for his trophy hunting practices and animal conservation ethics. In 1997, Behring shot an endangered ... the remains of the endangered animal could not be legally imported into the United States. Behring donated $20 million to the ...
There was no legal distinction between men and women in the Old Assyrian period and they had more or less the same rights in ... Records from temples showcase that divination in the form of astrology and extispicy (studying the entrails of dead animals) ... The laws gave men the right to punish their wives as they wished. Among the harshest punishments written into law, for a crime ... The Middle Assyrian Laws, though they did not deprive women of all their rights and they were not significantly different from ...
The igniting issue focused on who owned the rights to a patented hog feeder. The Board of Managers of the Colony had ruled that ... Hutterite children therefore have no close contact with farm animals any longer and are not protected from asthma through close ... Hutterites win right to driver's license without pic, Edmonton Sun, May 17, 2007 Alberta v. Hutterian Brethren of Wilson Colony ... Alberta Hutterites initially won the right not to have their photographs taken for their driver's licenses. In May 2007, the ...
Further controversy erupted from animal rights activist groups, who urged Federal Environment Minister Greg Hunt to reject the ... Scodelario explained the character's motivation and role, saying, "she is an academic, she's fighting for the right to study at ... Truitt, Brian (May 22, 2017). "Review: Johnny Depp's 'Pirates of the Caribbean' rights ship with 'Dead Men'". USA Today. ... with the actor believing it would be the last of the franchise and wanting to end it right. After the script was accepted, the ...
Animal rights group advocates stopping animal import until the environment is well considered. The zoo is accessible by taxi ... It also features some endangered animals. The zoo includes the following features: Animal show Camel riding area Komodo dragon ... There are over 300 animals kept at the zoo, in which it has the largest amphibious reptile collections in the world with more ...
... that this wasn't right, that wasn't right. After about four months of being there he donated forty thousand dollars to the ... I'm speaking of the mineral kingdom, the vegetable kingdom, the animal kingdom, the human kingdom. Nothing has an ego. There is ... it is not the animals, or the trees, or the moon, or the sun, or the stars, it is not any of those things. When you've gone ...
... which were fastened to a ring on the right hind leg of the animal. At every step the elephant took, it jerked him forward, and ... The animal was mottled and of enormous size, and was quietly standing there with his keeper seated upon his neck; the noble who ... The animals were trained to kill victims immediately or to torture them slowly over a prolonged period. Most commonly employed ... when it falls away from the right course, will be subverted." In 240 BC, a Carthaginian army led by Hamilcar Barca was fighting ...
Franklin strongly supported the right to freedom of speech: In those wretched countries where a man cannot call his tongue his ... In 1784, when Franz Mesmer began to publicize his theory of "animal magnetism" which was considered offensive by many, Louis ... This edict effectively nullified the Edict of Fontainebleau, which had denied non-Catholics civil status and the right to ... ISBN 978-0-931340-71-0. The Carnival of the Animals: Scores at the International Music Score Library Project McCrary, John. " ...
... and running the rights clearance service Mineral Point Music Ltd. She played rhythm guitar for English rock band Wire on their ... the first animal to orbit the earth. In Laika's first incarnation, Fiedler, Fixsen, and Frenett were augmented by the flautist ...
... in which she fights and is defeated by Animal Man and B'wana Beast. Zazzala with a new look appeared in DC Super Friends comics ... Although Steel still pretended that the pollen had affected him in order to wait for the right moment to figure out what he ... can fire venomous stinger darts from a set of glands on her right wrist, or release mind-confusing "pollen" powder. She and her ...
Many animals and birds have returned to the area as the restoration proceeds, and over 200 species of birds have been sighted. ... One diorama (see image to the right) is of the Cueva de la Olla (cave of the pot) which is located in the Sierra Madre of ... "Complete animal List". El Paso Zoo. Archived from the original on October 24, 2008. Retrieved May 1, 2009. "ON BHUTANESE AND ... Frazier, Katie (November 3, 2022). "The world's largest inland desalination plant is right here in El Paso". KVIA. Retrieved ...
... "right wing" under Major Reno to scout the Powder and the Tongue to ensure that the village had not turned back east. The "right ... Packers Churchill and Mann cut out two of these animals and drove them ahead of the pack train to Reno Hill. The rest of the ... Certain personnel and animals had been left with the pack train. Custer's "striker" John Burkman was left with the pack grain, ...
"Interview - John Steel (Animals and Friends)". "Canon H. S. Stephenson (Death)". The Times Newspaper, London, England. 6 June ... sociologist and disability rights campaigner William Shield - Master of the King's Musick Christina Stead - Australian novelist ... John Steel - drummer (The Animals) Henry Spencer Stephenson - chaplain to King George VI and Queen Elizabeth II Steve Stone - ...
He has the same catch phrase that his father uses ("I'm feeling incredibly hot blooded!!! RIGHT NOW!!!) and sometimes states a ... Powers include age reverting bubbles, levitation, a dimensional portal for magic in its body to pull out animals and bombs, a ... Powers include a flamethrower in the right hand, teleporting dice on the shoulders, levitation, pelvis missiles, and summoning ...
A 2002 BBC profile called him "a right-wing populist". He is also a member of right-wing groups The Freedom Association and a ... In July 2007, he was appointed as a Shadow Minister for Home Affairs, with particular responsibility for animal welfare. At the ... He was a member of the Monday Club, a Conservative-aligned organisation on the right of the party, until he was compelled to ... In January 2019, The Times discovered that Rosindell's Facebook account was a member of a group supporting far-right activist ...
At the base, the edge of the internal face proceeds at a sharp right angle, and the external face at a rounded acute angle. It ... The other animals discovered at this member include: the toxodontids Trigodon and Charruatoxodon, the peccary Platygonus, the ... In J. monesis, the upper left premolar (P4), left first molar (M1), right second molar (2M), and both third molars (M3) are ... As a rodent, the teeth grew continuously throughout the animal's life, there is a gap (diastema, and a rather long one) between ...
Derivative Rights, Moral Rights, And Movie Filtering Technology. Hearing Before The Subcommittee on Courts, The Internet, And ... the player wanders about converting the denizens of his town to Christianity while fending off the attacks of wild animals with ... I call on the entertainment companies-they've got a right to do that, but they have a responsibility not to do it if we want to ... Other than that, the action of the mind also creates kamma (action) which will bear its fruit when the conditions are right. ...
... which philosopher and animal rights activist Steven Best argues is "completely unsustainable". A 2018 study published in ... Animal production has a large impact on water pollution and usage. According to the Water Education Foundation, it takes 2,464 ... Much of the world's crops are used to feed animals. With 30 percent of the earth's land devoted to raising livestock, a major ... Animal-industrial complex Cowspiracy Cultured meat Demitarian Devour the Earth Diet for a New America Entomophagy (another ...
One study looking at oil wealth in Colombia found "that when the price of oil rises, legislators affiliated with right-wing ... Ecological studies have hypothesised that competitive forces between animals are major in high carrying capacity zones (i.e. ... Oil rich states also tend to have a poor record of human rights abuses, as well as revolutionary, revisionist ambitions, making ... One study finds that "oil producing states dependent on exports to the USA exhibit lower human rights performance than those ...
... and also that the set Four Legs is a subset of the set of Animals. The Venn diagram, which uses the same categories of Animal, ... The easiest method is put the starting formula on the left (abbreviate it as P) and put the (possible) deduction on the right ( ... Given this fact, one can "detach" the formula on the right (abbreviated as Q) in the manner described below the truth table. ... By 1914, Louis Couturat (1868-1914) had labeled the terms as shown on the drawing on the right. Moreover, he had labeled the ...
Animal welfare and rights in Australia "About Animal Liberation Queensland". alq.org.au. Retrieved 26 August 2019. "Animal ... Animal Liberation Queensland (ALQ) is an independent not-for-profit animal rights organisation operating in Queensland, ... Founded in 1979 by Jacki Batzloff, ALQ advocates for the rights of animals, exposing animal abuse and exploitation. ALQ is a ... Animal rights organizations, Animal welfare organisations based in Australia). ...
Learn about the modern animal rights movement and how it has influenced the debate over animal testing in science and industry. ... Most scholars say the modern animal rights movement began in 1975 with the publication of "Animal Rights" by Peter Singer, an ... The Animal Rights Movement The first law in the U.S. prohibiting the abuse of animals was enacted in 1641 in the colony of ... The Future of Animal Testing Animal rights activists frequently argue that ending vivisection would not end medical progress ...
Animal abuse is wrong unessacray and cruel punishment. ... DEFEND ANIMAL RIGHTS:I HATE ANIMAL ABUSE. 41 people have signed ... my name is joanne coffin i have been researching animal abuse and animal rights for some time now and have leaned different ... i am 13 years old but already plan to become an animal rights lawyer. if you belive what i belive email me at jujubee@whoever. ... animal abuse is a horrid thing it is cruel and unfair. companies keep animals in cages for scientific tests and to test makeup ...
Apologetics Press is a non-profit, tax-exempt organization dedicated to the defense of New Testament Christianity.. ...
Tag: animal rights. Policy Bill sets up fight over who can advise DEC on hunting and fishing policies. May 31, 2017. by THOMAS ... Assemblywoman Linda Rosenthal, a champion of animal rights, has committed her support to a bill that would change who can serve ... "animal abuser" registry and ban circuses that do not comply with animal welfare laws. The group is also […] ...
This pioneering book tells readers everything they need to know about animal rights law.Using straightforward examples from ... Drafting Animal Rights Laws V. Conclusion 8. Animal Rights as a Social Justice Movement I. Introduction II. The Animal Rights ... Critical Approaches to Animal Rights VII. Conclusion 4. The Legal Theory of Animal Rights I. Introduction II. Are Animals Fit ... Do Animals Already have Legal Rights? IV. Would Animals Need to Become Legal Persons? V. Conclusion 5. Animal Rights and Human ...
CHAPTER 1: The Principle of Animals Rights Have the lower animals "rights?" Undoubtedly--if men have. That is the point I wish ... The immediate question that claims our attention is this--if men have rights, have animals their rights also? From the earliest ... Rights: Considered in Relation to Social Progress." ANIMALS RIGHTS: Considered in Relation to Social Progress From Preface: We ... Rights: Considered in Relation to Social Progress." Peter Singer, in a preface to the Society for Animal Rights edition, states ...
Animal rights activists gathered Sunday in Madrid to protest plans for the construction of an octopus farm in Spain, saying ... there are no respective laws in the country and the European Union to guarantee the welfare of the animals in captivity. The ... MADRID (AP) - Animal rights activists gathered Sunday in Madrid to protest plans for the construction of an octopus farm in ... Animal rights activists gather to protest outside the Agriculture Ministry in Madrid, Spain, Sunday, May 21, 2023. The ...
stay up to date on animal rights culture through art, entertainment, celebrity ads, inspiring influencers, and student ... We Just Toured With Jessie Murph to Stand Up for Companion Animals! ...
These animal documentaries will take you on a cinematic journey around the globe, from the depths of the ocean to the skies ... 10 Fascinating Animal Documentaries You Can Stream Right Now. By Kerry Wolfe, Jake Rossen. , Apr 3, 2020. , Updated: Aug 25, ... In addition to showcasing captivating footage of the animals, the three-part docuseries also features sweeping views of the ... If youre ready to dive deeper into the animal kingdom, there are plenty more documentaries out there. From wildcats to whales ...
... and that violating the rights of animals is not morally justified, no matter how great the potential benefits to humans may be ... Adherents of this philosophy believe that animals have the right to such things as respectful treatment, bodily integrity, and ... Animal advocacy. Animal husbandry. Animal protection. Animal rights. Animal welfare. Animal welfare industrial complex. Animal- ... In this way, animal rights is similar to human rights. Practitioners of the philosophy of animal rights resolve not to use ...
Critical Animal Studies and Activism: International Perspectives on Total Liberation and Intersectionality (Radical Animal ... The Ten Trusts: What We Must Do to Care for The Animals We Love (Paperback) ...
This time around, the high school students kept circling back to animal rights, food insecurity and ethical husbandry. ... social justice and animal rights.. Ian Giles, a junior at Stanford Online High School, was looking for local opportunities for ... Available at over 1,000 locations across Boulder County, and of course right here online. ... which Ive always identified as animals and plants," he explains. ... Studio Project reminds visitors animal rights are No Joke. By ...
People with psychiatric disabilities are legally entitled to emotional support animals under federal housing laws without ... service animals APA Reference. Author, G. (2013, June 3). Emotional Support Animals and Your Housing Rights, HealthyPlace. ... Emotional Support Animals and Your Housing Rights. June 3, 2013 Guest Author ... discover their rights to emotional support animals in no-pets housing without pet deposits or pet fees and their rights to ...
Take a look at our animal right artwork for sale at the Chris Beetles Gallery today! ... Browse through the collection of animal right artwork we have in stock. The artists in this category include Norman Thelwell, ...
Wild animals form an integral component of the human leisure experience. They are a significant part of the leisure industry ... Wild Animals and Leisure Rights and Wellbeing Edited By Neil Carr, Janette Young Copyright 2018 ... This collection provides an in-depth analysis of the rights and welfare of humans and wild animals as the two relate to one ... 1.Wild animals and leisure: An introduction. Neil Carr and Janette Young. 2. Human-wild animal leisure experiences: the good, ...
Activist Rights, Animal Research & Testing, Animal Rights, Animal Welfare, Blog, Campaign, Demos/Protests, Media Releases, ... Action Alerts, Activist Education, Activist Rights, Animal Liberation, Animal Rights, Animals Used for Entertainment, Blog, ... Activist Community, Activist Education, Activist Rights, Animal Liberation, Animal Rights, Blog, Farm Animals, INTERSECTIONAL ... Action Alerts, Activist Community, Animal Liberation, Animal Rights, Animal Sanctuaries, Animals Used for Entertainment, ...
However animal rights organisations PETA argues that this innovative material is still harmful to the planet as it still uses ... Nikes Flyleather is criticized by animal rights group. .css-bsiqb{margin:0 0 12px;min-height:calc(50vh - 48px);word-break: ... Half of Nikes Flyleather is made from the skins of sensitive cows who didnt want to die-the same struggling animals from the ...
Image animal rights. Free pictures to print and download. Images for schools and education - teaching materials. Img 27473 ... Category: Image World Animal´s Day > animal rights. Coloring page, drawing, picture, school, education, primary school, ... animal rights - Images for schools and education - teaching resources. ... educational image: animal rights Keywords: animal rights, to demonstrate, animals, banner, Image information Used with ...
The Animal Rights Coalition operates Ethique Nouveau; a vegan boutique, where all purchases help fund our animal advocacy ... REPORT ANIMAL ABUSE. *If an animal is in immediate danger, call 911 and. read the information here. ... Join animal advocates on Sunday, August 17 in asking Whole Foods to stop selling rabbit flesh, and asking Whole Foods customers ... While the organizers of this event do not support the slaughter of any animal, this event is focused on Whole Foods new pilot ...
Animal rights campaigners said on Thursday they had ... LONDON: Animal rights campaigners said on Thursday they had " ... "They did this because rescuing animals from harm is the right thing to do," Animal Rising said on Twitter. ... The Animal Rising activist group, which disrupted last months Grand National steeplechase, said three of its members had ... "This is how we fix our broken relationship with animals.". Police said they were investigating reports that three lambs had ...
In fact, if "rights" were derived from behaviour in nature some animals could be said to have the "right" to kill other animals ... Do Animals Have Rights?. The case for not being cruel to animals rests on the fact that this is not in the general human ... "right" to kill and eat other animals? Or, if they are to be banned from this, are other animals too to be banned from killing ... The theory that animals too have inalienable rights which ought to be respected provides a justification for their campaigns, ...
Whats next? Animal rights, but also I think - you dont want to say environmental rights, but the rights of future generations ... But in terms of animal rights, where do we start? We start where Jeremy Bentham, really the founding father of animal rights ... Giving Animals More Rights Improves the Quality of Human Life Expanding our moral sphere to include animals isnt just good for ... Can they suffer? So we begin in case of animals because they cant tell us I want the right to vote. Were not talking about ...
Companion Animal Protection Society. Investigating pet shops and puppy mills since 1992. ...
Ultimately, I will conclude that intuitions can support a case for animal rights. ... to an animal rights view. Then I will briefly note the skeptical concerns about the role of intuitions in our knowledge of the ... work on its moral epistemology as applied to Kants formula of humanity can offer grounding and support for an animal rights ... moral status of human animals and non-human animals alike. ... to an animal rights view. Then I will briefly note the ...
An animal rights activist from Direct Action Everywhere fooled Fox reported Maria Bartiromo when he posed as the CEO of ... An animal rights activist from Direct Action Everywhere fooled Fox reported Maria Bartiromo when he posed as the CEO of ... But as she - and viewers - found out shortly afterwards, the "CEO" in question was actually an animal rights activist with the ... Direct Action Everywhere aka DxE is a worldwide network of grassroots nonviolent animal rights activists, who work to achieve ...
... and showcase the importance of linking animal rights and biodiversity conservation ... Dancing Star Foundation works diligently to identify and help understand the rights of species, nurture and mend native ... and showcase the importance of linking animal rights and biodiversity conservation. It is not only right, but also in our own ... Dancing Star works to showcase the importance of linking animal rights and biodiversity conservation. Dancing Star Foundation ...
... prohibition against cruelty to animals is one of the basic laws of humankind. Indeed, animals are understood to not ... Animal rights receive considerable attention in Jewish scripture. Although Jews should not let a focus on animal rights ... In modern times, the most radical ideas about animal rights were those of Rabbi Avraham Yitzchak Hacohen Kook, (1865-1935). ... Animals can achieve spiritual heights. The Talmud says that "Just as the righteous were devout, so were their animals." (Avot ...
The Animal Welfare Bill, or the Kept Animals Bill, once passed will include protections for additional animals in an attempt to ... New animal rights bill includes series of protections for elephants against zoo captivity in UK. "[UKs forthcoming elephant] ... The Animal Welfare Bill introduced in the UK will protect elephants from being held in zoos and safari parks throughout the ... UKs forthcoming elephant] legislation is testimony to this work and key to forcing us to examine how we treat animals for the ...
Explores humans schizophrenic view towards animals: we think they have moral worth, but treat them in ways that suggest they ... For instance, we need not consider giving animals the right to vote, the right to free religious expression, or the right of ... Ryder, Richard, `Experiments on Animals, in Animal Rights and Moral Obligation. ed. T. Regan and Singer, Englewood Cliffs, NJ ... Now I want to challenge Freys contention that animals are not rational. He contends that animals cannot reason. Any animal ...
Some animal rights extremists envision a future where the nations brightest students and talented scientists must live in fear ... by EditorPosted in Animal Rights News, News, SR in the MediaTagged animal rights extremism, Community response, Edythe London, ... This was noted in a report on an animal rights demonstration on a LA activist website which described animal rights extremists ... not all animals have a right to life. I wonder how many animal rights activists have actually read Regan…or how many of his ...
  • Activists counter that many of these oversight panels are ineffective or biased in favor of animal experiments. (treehugger.com)
  • Animal rights activists frequently argue that ending vivisection would not end medical progress because non-animal research would continue. (treehugger.com)
  • MADRID (AP) - Animal rights activists gathered Sunday in Madrid to protest plans for the construction of an octopus farm in Spain, saying there are no respective laws in the country and the European Union to guarantee the welfare of the animals in captivity. (wgntv.com)
  • To be fair, many animal rights activists aren't interested in the philosophical position their name implies. (worldsocialism.org)
  • However, because basic science frequently involves animal models, researchers investigating basic science often come under attack by animal rights activists. (nih.gov)
  • Singer argued that animals could suffer just as humans do and therefore deserved to be treated with similar care, minimizing pain whenever possible. (treehugger.com)
  • To treat them differently and say that experimentation on non-human animals is justified but experimentation on humans is not would be speciesist. (treehugger.com)
  • In it, he argued that animals were individual beings just as humans are, with emotions and intellect. (treehugger.com)
  • Should Only Humans have Human Rights? (bloomsbury.com)
  • Should Animals have Similar Rights to Humans? (bloomsbury.com)
  • Adherents of this philosophy believe that animals have the right to such things as respectful treatment, bodily integrity, and freedom of movement, and that violating the rights of animals is not morally justified, no matter how great the potential benefits to humans may be thought to be. (humanemyth.org)
  • Proponents of animal rights also believe it is wrong to commodify animals, to treat them as a means to an end, for the same kinds of reasons it is wrong for us to treat other humans in this manner. (humanemyth.org)
  • However, as sentient beings, animals also have rights and welfare needs, and, like humans, may also have their own leisure desires and requirements. (routledge.com)
  • This collection provides an in-depth analysis of the rights and welfare of humans and wild animals as the two relate to one another within the sphere of leisure studies. (routledge.com)
  • This book provides a forum for future considerations of wild animals and leisure and a voice for animal welfarist agendas that seek to improve the conditions under which wild animals interact with and are engaged with by humans. (routledge.com)
  • The idea that humans have inalienable rights inherited from the "state of nature" which supposedly existed before they made a "social contract" to set up organised society is nonsensical. (worldsocialism.org)
  • Humans have always been social animals. (worldsocialism.org)
  • If humans had innate rights which pre-existed society and the state, and which in fact it was the purpose of society and the state to protect and further, then if the state did not respect these rights humans were entitled to resist and overthrow it and establish one that did. (worldsocialism.org)
  • But the theory that animals have natural rights is even more absurd than the theory that humans do. (worldsocialism.org)
  • And, since humans are animals that have always eaten meat why shouldn't they have the same "right" to kill and eat other animals? (worldsocialism.org)
  • But this is a message directed exclusively to humans and concerned only with the behaviour of humans towards other animals. (worldsocialism.org)
  • In which case it would be sensible for them not to talk as if they thought that animals really do have inalienable natural rights, but to try to convince humans that it is not in the interests of humans to mistreat and be cruel to other animals. (worldsocialism.org)
  • It is indeed a human-centred approach-this is why we are socialists: we want the best possible world for humans-but there is no reason why this should be at the expense of the suffering of other animals or why in practice it should lead to cruelty to animals being regarded as justified. (worldsocialism.org)
  • It will, however, not rule out the conclusion that animals can be raised and killed for humans to eat, as long as this doesn't involve cruelty. (worldsocialism.org)
  • Practices meant to entertain humans at the expense of animal well-being - bear baiting, bull and cock fighting - are already on their way out of fashion. (bigthink.com)
  • Escherichia coli (E. coli) is a bacteria that normally is an important part of the healthy intestinal tracts of humans and animals. (cdc.gov)
  • Animals can appear healthy and clean but can spread E. coli O157 to humans or other animals. (cdc.gov)
  • There is no evidence that pyrethrins or pyrethroids affect the ability of humans to produce children, but some animal studies have shown reduced fertility in males and females. (cdc.gov)
  • This program is being conducted by the Office of Laboratory Animal Welfare (OLAW), NIH. (nih.gov)
  • In the following decades, organizations such as People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals and retailers such as The Body Shop have become strong anti-testing advocates. (treehugger.com)
  • companies keep animals in cages for scientific tests and to test makeup to how mean is that animals die, get sick, and are treated horribly so you can have a new kind of masscara they test eye makeup on rabbits where it gets to the point that their eye bleeds but thats not the worst of it this petition and other animal rights organizations can help stop this. (ipetitions.com)
  • They will prey on one another and will also attempt to escape due to their high intelligence and adeptness," said Jaime Posada, a spokesperson for the protest called by various animal welfare organizations. (wgntv.com)
  • Additionally, some animal advocates confuse the philosophy of animal rights with utilitarianism . (humanemyth.org)
  • Join animal advocates on Sunday, August 17 in asking Whole Foods to stop selling rabbit flesh, and asking Whole Foods customers to join us at the St. Paul Whole Foods Market, 30 Fairview Ave. S, St. Paul, Minnesota from 11 am to 2 pm! (animalrightscoalition.com)
  • The filings argued that the chimps had a legal right to personhood, and therefore deserved to be freed. (treehugger.com)
  • Using straightforward examples from over 30 legal systems from both the civil and common law traditions, and based on popular courses run by the authors at the Cambridge Centre for Animal Rights, the book takes the reader from the earliest anti-cruelty laws to modern animal welfare laws, to recent attempts to grant basic rights and personhood to animals. (bloomsbury.com)
  • So, you're right that wild animals like raccoons will pay no attention to a national border. (cdc.gov)
  • But it wasn't until the early 1800s that people began advocating for animal rights in both the U.S. and the U.K. The first major animal welfare state-sponsored legislation in the U.S. established the Society for Prevention of Cruelty to Animals in New York in 1866. (treehugger.com)
  • All the laws against animal cruelty, dog fighting, bear baiting, you know, cat nailing to the post and all the cruel things people used to do to animals. (bigthink.com)
  • Her focuses as an expert writer include animal rights and veganism. (treehugger.com)
  • It banned mistreatment of animals 'kept for man's use. (treehugger.com)
  • Some animal rights theorists reject such an approach on the grounds that it is "anthropocentric" (human-centred) and leaves open the theoretical possibility of justifying the mistreatment of other animals if this could be shown to be in the general human interest. (worldsocialism.org)
  • In this article, we present three necessary conditions for morally responsible animal research that we believe people on both sides of this debate can accept. (nih.gov)
  • Specifically, we argue that, even if human beings have higher moral status than nonhuman animals, animal research is morally permissible only if it satisfies (1) an expectation of sufficient net benefit, (2) a worthwhile-life condition, and (3) a no-unnecessary-harm/qualified-basic-needs condition. (nih.gov)
  • The harmful, nontherapeutic use of animals in research is morally wrong. (nih.gov)
  • With the rise of the modern animal rights movement in the 1970s and '80s, however, many people began to question the ethics of using living creatures for such tests. (treehugger.com)
  • To help readers understand this legal evolution, it explains the ethics, legal theory, and social issues behind animal rights and connected topics such as property, subjecthood, dignity, and human rights. (bloomsbury.com)
  • They did this because rescuing animals from harm is the right thing to do," Animal Rising said on Twitter. (thesundaily.my)
  • Although animal testing remains commonplace today, public support for such practices has declined in recent years. (treehugger.com)
  • advises the NICHD Scientific Director on animal care and use practices, ensures that animal use within DIR is in accordance with applicable regulatory standards, and coordinates DIR animal use, including appropriate animal model selection, support requirements, and Animal Study Proposal (ASP) review. (nih.gov)
  • OLAW has developed an educational outreach program to help IOs at Assured Institutions explore their responsibilities in the oversight of PHS-funded research that involves the use of live vertebrate animals. (nih.gov)
  • Most scholars say the modern animal rights movement began in 1975 with the publication of "Animal Rights" by Peter Singer, an Australian philosopher. (treehugger.com)
  • Peter Singer, in a preface to the Society for Animal Rights edition, states, "More momentous still was [Salt's] influence on Gandhi , whom Salt had befriended when Gandhi first arrived in England, alone, unknown and unable to find vegetarian food. (ivu.org)
  • In this paper, I will argue that ethical intuitionism and Robert Audi's work on its moral epistemology as applied to Kant's formula of humanity can offer grounding and support for an animal rights position that approaches that of a view articulated by Tom Regan. (calpoly.edu)
  • The League of Humane Voters of New York is holding a legislative breakfast Wednesday, March 22 to promote its legislative agenda, which includes passing bills to outlaw killing competitions, create a public "animal abuser" registry and ban circuses that do not comply with animal welfare laws. (legislativegazette.com)
  • The term animal rights is often misused in the mainstream media as a synonym for any form of animal advocacy or animal protection work, when in fact the term has a very specific meaning. (humanemyth.org)
  • a vegan boutique, where all purchases help fund our animal advocacy programs, at 317 W. 48th St. in Minneapolis. (animalrightscoalition.com)
  • Some animals that were exposed to pyrethrins or pyrethroids right after birth showed altered behavior as adults. (cdc.gov)
  • This misuse is comparably inaccurate to describing social work as the practice of human rights. (humanemyth.org)
  • The Animal Rising activist group, which disrupted last month's Grand National steeplechase, said three of its members had entered the grounds of Appleton Farm on the royal estate late Wednesday and taken the lambs. (thesundaily.my)
  • An animal rights activist from Direct Action Everywhere fooled Fox reported Maria Bartiromo when he posed as the CEO of Smithfield Foods, Dennis Organ. (greenmatters.com)
  • But as she - and viewers - found out shortly afterwards, the "CEO" in question was actually an animal rights activist with the group Direct Action Everywhere, posing as the CEO. (greenmatters.com)
  • An animal activist posed as Smithfield Foods' CEO on Fox News. (greenmatters.com)
  • 4. Consumer perceptions of keeping wild animals in captivity. (routledge.com)
  • The philosophical basis for animal protection using the concept of "rights" is not, as many believe, a recent phenomenon. (ivu.org)
  • The germs can quickly contaminate the animals' skin, fur, feathers, and the areas where they live and roam. (cdc.gov)
  • Avoid eating or drinking around animals known to spread E. coli or in areas where they live and roam. (cdc.gov)
  • RAMB also provides animal research support services to NICHD investigators and represents the interests of NICHD on all aspects of animal research. (nih.gov)
  • Investigators must meet certain criteria prior to beginning any animal-based research at NIH. (nih.gov)
  • He showed me why it was a moral duty incumbent on vegetarians not to live upon fellow-animals. (ivu.org)
  • Expanding our moral sphere to include animals isn't just good for animals. (bigthink.com)
  • I think we do owe a moral obligation to future generations and animals for a balanced ecosystem. (bigthink.com)
  • Then I will briefly note the skeptical concerns about the role of intuitions in our knowledge of the moral status of human animals and non-human animals alike. (calpoly.edu)
  • Rabies is a deadly animal disease caused by a virus. (medlineplus.gov)
  • How Can You Prevent Rabies in Animals? (medlineplus.gov)
  • Roman Biek] Rabies is a virus transmitted by animals and, at least in North America, that essentially means wildlife. (cdc.gov)
  • The theory that animals too have inalienable rights which ought to be respected provides a justification for their campaigns, including civil disobedience and in some cases violence and terrorism. (worldsocialism.org)
  • Speaking of service dogs, we have little-known rights under the U.S. Americans with Disabilities Act too. (healthyplace.com)
  • Psychiatric Service Dogs, unlike Emotional Support Animals, must be dogs and must not provide only emotional support. (healthyplace.com)
  • Joanne Shortell and Maeve (her psychiatric service poodle) travel as volunteers all over the U.S. helping people with psychiatric disabilities discover their rights to emotional support animals in no-pets housing without pet deposits or pet fees and their rights to service dogs. (healthyplace.com)
  • He has authored and edited several books, including Dogs in the Leisure Experience (2014) and Domestic Animals and Leisure (2015). (routledge.com)
  • The combination of these positions will be done by testing our intuitions concerning non-rational individuals-leading one, I argue, to an animal rights view. (calpoly.edu)
  • Let it be stated at the outset that I have no intention of discussing the abstract theory of natural rights, which, at the present time, is looked upon with suspicion and disfavour by many social reformers, since it has not unfrequently been made to cover the most extravagant and contradictory assertions. (ivu.org)
  • We wouldn't have become human if we hadn't been, since the main features which distinguish us from other animals-tool-making, abstract thought, speech- evolved, and could only have evolved, in and through society. (worldsocialism.org)
  • Animals have been used as test subjects for medical experiments and other scientific investigations for hundreds of years. (treehugger.com)
  • According to The Baltimore Sun , every drug test requires at least 800 animal test subjects. (treehugger.com)
  • In the United States, the Animal Welfare Act sets certain minimum requirements for the humane treatment of non-human animals in laboratories and other settings. (treehugger.com)
  • i am 13 years old but already plan to become an animal rights lawyer. (ipetitions.com)
  • Best of all, you don't need a lawyer to assert these rights, and if they are violated filing a complaint is free, easy, and can be done over the phone. (healthyplace.com)
  • Their needless suffering and expense occurred because few people understand our rights under the Fair Housing Act (FHA). (healthyplace.com)
  • As a social work student many years ago, Janette learnt that seeking to holistically meet the needs of some people has to encompass caring about the animals people care about. (routledge.com)
  • People get it from the bite of an infected animal. (medlineplus.gov)
  • There is no evidence that pyrethrins or pyrethroids cause cancer in people or in animals. (cdc.gov)
  • The book's companion website (bloomsbury.pub/animal-rights-law) provides access to briefs on the latest developments in this fast-changing area, and gives readers the tools to investigate their own legal systems with a list of key references to the latest cases, legislation, and jurisdiction-specific bibliographic references. (bloomsbury.com)
  • Animals interact with no drugs, can't cause metabolic syndrome or diabetes, never overwhelm kidneys or liver, are approved for pediatric use, and improve both mental and physical health -- EVEN OVER THE COURSE OF A LIFETIME OF USE. (healthyplace.com)
  • While the organizers of this event do not support the slaughter of any animal, this event is focused on Whole Foods' new pilot program to sell rabbit flesh. (animalrightscoalition.com)
  • Animal rights campaigners said on Thursday they had "rescued" three lambs from slaughter on a farm on King Charles III's Sandringham estate in eastern England. (thesundaily.my)
  • It posted footage on social media, arguing that the animals would have been sent for slaughter. (thesundaily.my)
  • Wild animals form an integral component of the human leisure experience. (routledge.com)
  • It examines a wide array of animals, such as wolves, elephants, dolphins and apes, in a diverse range of leisure settings in international locations, from captive wild animals in zoos, hunting, swimming with dolphins and animals used as educators and for tourist entertainment. (routledge.com)
  • 1.Wild animals and leisure: An introduction. (routledge.com)
  • Assemblywoman Linda Rosenthal, a champion of animal rights, has committed her support to a bill that would change who can serve on the sportsmen-funded advisory board that makes recommendations on the state's fish and wildlife policies and regulations. (legislativegazette.com)
  • They also refuse to support or collaborate with those who use and kill animals for these purposes. (humanemyth.org)
  • The FHA requires emotional support animals (untrained pets) be allowed for adults and children with psychiatric disabilities without deposits or fees and without species or size limitations. (healthyplace.com)
  • Why are emotional support animals given special status? (healthyplace.com)
  • Ultimately, I will conclude that intuitions can support a case for animal rights. (calpoly.edu)
  • Animal studies are critical to advancing this brain science and NIMH will continue to support the hard-working scientists, such as Dr. Murray, who are using model organisms to gain insight into the body's most complex organ. (nih.gov)
  • The best way to prevent getting E. coli from animals is to always wash your hands with soap and running water immediately after contact with animals, their environments, or their stool. (cdc.gov)
  • Wash your hands right after you remove shoes and clothes that have worn around cows, goats, sheep, and deer or their environments, especially if the shoes and clothes are dirty. (cdc.gov)
  • Furthermore, the AWA does not prohibit invasive procedures or the killing of the animals when the experiments are over. (treehugger.com)
  • We then claim that, whether or not these necessary conditions are jointly sufficient for justified animal research, they are relatively demanding, with the consequence that many animal experiments may fail to satisfy them. (nih.gov)
  • The first law in the U.S. prohibiting the abuse of animals was enacted in 1641 in the colony of Massachusetts. (treehugger.com)
  • animal abuse is a horrid thing it is cruel and unfair. (ipetitions.com)
  • my name is joanne coffin i have been researching animal abuse and animal rights for some time now and have leaned different facts i belive in stopping animal abuse. (ipetitions.com)
  • Consumers beware: Half of Nike's Flyleather is made from the skins of sensitive cows who didn't want to die-the same struggling animals from the same bloody tanneries that produce any other leather, with nothing "recycled" about it," said Tracy Reiman, PETA Executive Vice President. (fashionunited.com)
  • How Could Human and Animal Rights be Reconciled Legally? (bloomsbury.com)
  • For example, the AWA explicitly excludes from protection all rats and mice, which make up approximately 95 percent of the animals used in laboratories. (treehugger.com)
  • I was told what we had to do was to inoculate chimpanzees, small non-human primates, and mice, all kind of animals. (nih.gov)
  • Brain images of dopamine neurons in mice injected in the gut with misfolded alpha-synuclein (right) and control injected animals (left). (nih.gov)
  • In fact, she had been interviewing the press coordinator for an animal rights group. (greenmatters.com)
  • Such is the doctrine of rights as formulated by Herbert Spencer. (ivu.org)
  • This revolutionary implication of the doctrine of natural human rights was put to good propaganda use by those who led the American Revolution of 1776 and the French Revolution of 1789. (worldsocialism.org)
  • If you develop any of the symptoms described above, contact your doctor and be sure to inform him or her of any recent contact that you have had with animals. (cdc.gov)
  • The case for not being cruel to animals rests on the fact that this is not in the general human interest, not on the theory that animals have some inalienable natural rights. (worldsocialism.org)
  • It is this aspect of the theory of natural rights that has attracted those opposed to the cruel treatment of animals. (worldsocialism.org)
  • We start where Jeremy Bentham, really the founding father of animal rights and rights in general, natural rights concept is that it's not can they talk or reason. (bigthink.com)
  • These include completion of approved training, registration with the Animal Exposure Program, obtaining approval from the NICHD ACUC for proposed studies, animal procurement, and instruction in special animal facility operating procedures. (nih.gov)
  • Right now, we are doing animal studies trying to use ultrasound stimulation to replace electric stimulation. (nih.gov)
  • U.S. philosopher Tom Regan went even farther in his 1983 text 'The Case for Animal Rights. (treehugger.com)
  • The case that maltreating animals is not in the general human interest could be made by underlining the following two points. (worldsocialism.org)
  • So we begin in case of animals because they can't tell us I want the right to vote. (bigthink.com)
  • Offspring of animals that ingested pyrethrins or pyrethroids while pregnant showed signs of possible damage to the immune system. (cdc.gov)
  • In addition to showcasing captivating footage of the animals, the three-part docuseries also features sweeping views of the starkly beautiful Ellesmere Island. (mentalfloss.com)
  • The results will be positive for animals as well as human health, Shermer explains. (bigthink.com)
  • so that the controversy concerning "rights" is little else than an academic battle over words, which leads to no practical conclusion. (ivu.org)
  • They point to recent developments in stem-cell technology, which some researchers say could one day replace animal tests. (treehugger.com)
  • E. coli O157 is naturally found in the intestinal tracts of many farm animals, including healthy cattle, sheep, and goats. (cdc.gov)
  • Animals can carry E. coli O157 and shed the germs in their stool but still appear healthy and clean. (cdc.gov)
  • Speak up for Animals in WA - Contact Your Legislators! (narn.org)
  • His book is entitled "Animals' Rights: Considered in Relation to Social Progress. (ivu.org)
  • The following are the words of Henry Salt excerpted from the start of his 1892 book, "Animals' Rights: Considered in Relation to Social Progress. (ivu.org)
  • Her research interests are centred on the human-animal intersection, salutogenesis or what creates health and wellbeing, social justice and public policy. (routledge.com)
  • Human-wild animal leisure experiences: the good, the bad, the ugly. (routledge.com)
  • It's extremely rare for him to take a living animal, marinated suits him, and "good will come to he who waits. (nih.gov)