Nutritional physiology related to EXERCISE or ATHLETIC PERFORMANCE.
Nutritional physiology of adults aged 65 years of age and older.
Nutritional physiology of animals.
Physiological processes and properties of the DENTITION.
Properties and processes of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM and DENTITION as a whole or of any of its parts.
Physiology of the human and animal body, male or female, in the processes and characteristics of REPRODUCTION and the URINARY TRACT.
Properties, and processes of the MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM and the NERVOUS SYSTEM or their parts.
Functional processes and properties characteristic of the BLOOD; CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM; and RESPIRATORY SYSTEM.
The properties and relationships and biological processes that characterize the nature and function of the SKIN and its appendages.
Physiological processes, factors, properties and characteristics pertaining to REPRODUCTION.
The functions and properties of living organisms, including both the physical and chemical factors and processes, supporting life in single- or multi-cell organisms from their origin through the progression of life.
Nutritional physiology of children aged 13-18 years.
Nutrition of FEMALE during PREGNANCY.
Properties, functions, and processes of the URINARY TRACT as a whole or of any of its parts.
Nutrition of a mother which affects the health of the FETUS and INFANT as well as herself.
Nutritional physiology of children aged 2-12 years.
The processes and properties of living organisms by which they take in and balance the use of nutritive materials for energy, heat production, or building material for the growth, maintenance, or repair of tissues and the nutritive properties of FOOD.
Processes and properties of the MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM.
Nutritional physiology of children from birth to 2 years of age.
Biological properties, processes, and activities of VIRUSES.
Properties and processes of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM as a whole or of any of its parts.
Physiological processes and properties of the BLOOD.
Processes and properties of the EYE as a whole or of any of its parts.
Characteristic properties and processes of the NERVOUS SYSTEM as a whole or with reference to the peripheral or the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM.
Cellular processes, properties, and characteristics.
Physiological processes and properties of the RESPIRATORY SYSTEM as a whole or of any of its parts.
The functions of the skin in the human and animal body. It includes the pigmentation of the skin.
The physiological processes, properties, and states characteristic of plants.
Physiological processes and properties of BACTERIA.
Processes and properties of the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM as a whole or of any of its parts.
A sulfonic acid-based naphthylazo dye used as a coloring agent for foodstuffs and medicines and as a dye and chemical indicator. It was banned by the FDA in 1976 for use in foods, drugs, and cosmetics. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)
Enzymes which catalyze the hydrolysis of carboxylic acid esters with the formation of an alcohol and a carboxylic acid anion.
A disorder beginning in childhood. It is marked by the presence of markedly abnormal or impaired development in social interaction and communication and a markedly restricted repertoire of activity and interest. Manifestations of the disorder vary greatly depending on the developmental level and chronological age of the individual. (DSM-V)
Proteins from the nematode species CAENORHABDITIS ELEGANS. The proteins from this species are the subject of scientific interest in the area of multicellular organism MORPHOGENESIS.
A species of nematode that is widely used in biological, biochemical, and genetic studies.
A genus of mosquitoes (CULICIDAE) frequently found in tropical and subtropical regions. YELLOW FEVER and DENGUE are two of the diseases that can be transmitted by species of this genus.
Slender-bodies diurnal insects having large, broad wings often strikingly colored and patterned.
A diet that contains limited amounts of CARBOHYDRATES. This is in distinction to a regular DIET.
Liver diseases associated with ALCOHOLISM. It usually refers to the coexistence of two or more subentities, i.e., ALCOHOLIC FATTY LIVER; ALCOHOLIC HEPATITIS; and ALCOHOLIC CIRRHOSIS.
Stimulation of the brain, which is self-administered. The stimulation may result in negative or positive reinforcement.
A diet that contains limited amounts of fat with less than 30% of calories from all fats and less than 10% from saturated fat. Such a diet is used in control of HYPERLIPIDEMIAS. (From Bondy et al, Metabolic Control and Disease, 8th ed, pp468-70; Dorland, 27th ed)
A large lobed glandular organ in the abdomen of vertebrates that is responsible for detoxification, metabolism, synthesis and storage of various substances.
Carbohydrates present in food comprising digestible sugars and starches and indigestible cellulose and other dietary fibers. The former are the major source of energy. The sugars are in beet and cane sugar, fruits, honey, sweet corn, corn syrup, milk and milk products, etc.; the starches are in cereal grains, legumes (FABACEAE), tubers, etc. (From Claudio & Lagua, Nutrition and Diet Therapy Dictionary, 3d ed, p32, p277)
Lipid infiltration of the hepatic parenchymal cells resulting in a yellow-colored liver. The abnormal lipid accumulation is usually in the form of TRIGLYCERIDES, either as a single large droplet or multiple small droplets. Fatty liver is caused by an imbalance in the metabolism of FATTY ACIDS.
Medical specialty concerned with environmental factors that may impinge upon human disease, and development of methods for the detection, prevention, and control of environmentally related disease.
A species of protozoa that is a cause of bovine babesiosis. Ticks of the genera Boophilus, Rhipicephalus, and IXODES are the chief vectors.
The quantity of volume or surface area of CELLS.
MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION in which the inferior wall of the heart is involved. It is often caused by occlusion of the right coronary artery.
Solutions that have a greater osmotic pressure than a reference solution such as blood, plasma, or interstitial fluid.
Compounds that increase urine volume by increasing the amount of osmotically active solute in the urine. Osmotic diuretics also increase the osmolarity of plasma.
A set of genes descended by duplication and variation from some ancestral gene. Such genes may be clustered together on the same chromosome or dispersed on different chromosomes. Examples of multigene families include those that encode the hemoglobins, immunoglobulins, histocompatibility antigens, actins, tubulins, keratins, collagens, heat shock proteins, salivary glue proteins, chorion proteins, cuticle proteins, yolk proteins, and phaseolins, as well as histones, ribosomal RNA, and transfer RNA genes. The latter three are examples of reiterated genes, where hundreds of identical genes are present in a tandem array. (King & Stanfield, A Dictionary of Genetics, 4th ed)

Infleuce of dietary levels of vitamin E and selenium on tissue and blood parameters in pigs. (1/2840)

Eighteen barrows approximately three weeks of age were used in a 3 X 3 factorial arrangement to investigate the effect of level of supplemental vitamin E and selenium on tissue and blood parameters. Tissue selenium concentrations increased in a quadratic manner with increased selenium intake with kidney tissue containing considerably greater concentrations than liver, heart or muscle. Supplementation of the diet caused a three-fold increase in serum selenium within the first week with a slight tendency to further increases in subsequent weeks. Serum vitamin E of unsupplemented pigs declined by fifty percent during the experiment, whereas supplemental vitamin E resulted in increased serum vitamin E. There was a considerable viration in percent peroxide hemolysis. Correlation of -0.63 between percent peroxide hemolysis and vitamin E intake and -0.85 between percent peroxide hemolysis and serum vitamin E were observed.  (+info)

Evaluation of life-cycle herd efficiency in cow-calf systems of beef production. (2/2840)

A deterministic beef efficiency model (BEM) was used to evaluate life-cycle herd efficiency (LCHE) in cow-calf beef production systems using four breed groups of beef cattle. The breed groups were Beef Synthetic #1 (SY1), Beef Synthetic #2 (SY2), Dairy Synthetic (DS), and purebred Hereford (HE). The LCHE was defined over the lifetime of the herd as the ratio of total output (lean meat equivalent) to total input (feed equivalent). Breed differences in LCHE were predicted with the larger/slower maturing DS being most efficient at each age of herd disposal and reproductive rate. This was mainly because, at any average age at culling, the dams of DS breed group were less mature and so had been carrying relatively lower maintenance loads for shorter periods and positively influencing LCHE. Higher LCHE was predicted with improvement in reproductive performance if there were no associated extra costs. However, this declined markedly if there was a delay in marketing of offspring. As average age at culling increased from 4 to 6 yr, efficiency declined sharply, but it began to recover beyond this age in most breed groups. We concluded that the slower maturing DS breed group may be more efficient on a herd basis in cow-calf systems and that improvements in reproductive rate not associated with extra costs improve life-cycle efficiency. Culling cows soon after their replacements are produced seems efficient.  (+info)

Structural changes in intramuscular connective tissue during the fattening of Japanese black cattle: effect of marbling on beef tenderization. (3/2840)

We investigated changes in structures and mechanical properties of the intramuscular connective tissue during the fattening of Japanese Black steers, using the cell maceration method for scanning electron microscopy. During the early fattening period, from 9 to 20 mo of age, collagen fibrils of the endomysium in longissimus muscle associated more closely with each other, and collagen fibers in the perimysium increased in thickness and their wavy pattern became more regular. These changes were closely related to the increase in mechanical strength of the intramuscular connective tissue and resulted in a toughening of the beef during the period. The shear force value of longissimus muscle decreased after 20 mo of age, concomitantly with the rapid increase in the crude fat content. Scanning electron micrographs of the longissimus muscle dissected from 32-mo-old steers clearly showed that the adipose tissues were formed between muscle fiber bundles, that the honeycomb structure of endomysia was partially broken, and that the perimysium separated into thinner collagen fibers. In semitendinosus muscle, in which the crude fat content was lower (P<.05) than that in longissimus muscle, the structure of the intramuscular connective tissue remained rigid at 32 mo of age. The shear force value of the muscle increased even in the late fattening period, from 20 to 32 mo of age. Thus, the development of adipose tissues in longissimus muscle appears to disorganize the structure of the intramuscular connective tissue and contributes to tenderization of highly marbled beef from Japanese Black cattle during the late fattening period.  (+info)

Processing, mixing, and particle size reduction of forages for dairy cattle. (4/2840)

Adequate forage amounts in both physical and chemical forms are necessary for proper ruminal function in dairy cows. Under conditions in which total amounts of forage or particle size of the forage are reduced, cows spend less time ruminating and have a decreased amount of buoyant digesta in the rumen. These factors reduce saliva production and allow ruminal pH to fall, depressing activity of cellulolytic bacteria and causing a prolonged period of low ruminal pH. Insufficient particle size of the diet decreases the ruminal acetate-to-propionate ratio and reduces ruminal pH. The mean particle size of the diet, the variation in particle size, and the amount of chemical fiber (i.e., NDF or ADF) are all nutritionally important for dairy cows. Defining amounts and physical characteristics of fiber is important in balancing dairy cattle diets. Because particle size plays such an important role in digestion and animal performance, it must be an important consideration from harvest through feeding. Forages should not be reduced in particle size beyond what is necessary to achieve minimal storage losses and what can be accommodated by existing equipment. Forage and total mixed ration (TMR) particle sizes are potentially reduced in size by all phases of harvesting, storing, taking out of storage, mixing, and delivery of feed to the dairy cow. Mixing feed causes a reduction in size of all feed particles and is directly related to TMR mixing time; field studies show that the longest particles (>27 mm) may be reduced in size by 50%. Forage and TMR particle size as fed to the cows should be periodically monitored to maintain adequate nutrition for the dairy cow.  (+info)

Production systems comparing early weaning to normal weaning with or without creep feeding for beef steers. (5/2840)

A 2-yr study was conducted to determine the effects of three weaning management systems on cow and steer performance. Cow-calf pairs were randomly assigned to one of three treatments, in which the steer calves were 1) early-weaned (yr 1, 177 +/- 9 d; yr 2, 158 +/- 21 d of age) and placed on a finishing diet (EW), 2) supplemented with grain for 55 d on pasture (yr 1, 177 to 231 d; yr 2, 158 to 213 d of age) while nursing their dams and then placed on a finishing diet (NWC), and 3) on pasture for 55 d while nursing their dams (yr 1, 177 to 231 d; yr 2, 158 to 213 d of age) and then placed on a finishing diet (NW). In yr 2, potential breed differences were evaluated using steers of three breed types: 1) Angus x Hereford (BRI); 2) Angus x Simmental (CON); and 3) Angus x Wagyu (WAG). In yr 1, EW steers gained 100% faster (P = .0001) than the average of NWC and NW steers, and NWC steers gained 32% faster (P = .02) than NW steers before weaning. In the feedlot, EW steers had lower intakes (7.70 vs 8.16 kg/d, P = .008) and better feed conversions (.170 vs .153, P = .002) than the average of NWC and NW steers. Marbling score was improved for EW steers compared with the average of NWC and NW steers (P = .003). In yr 2, EW steers had higher gains (P = .0006) during the entire study than the average of NWC and NW steers, and NWC steers had higher gains (P = .003) than NW steers. The EW steers had lower intakes (7.29 vs 7.68 kg/d, P = .0008) and better feed conversions (.160 vs .141, P = .0001) than the average of NWC and NW steers. The CON steers were heavier at slaughter than BRI steers (P = .01), and BRI steers were heavier than WAG steers (P =.0004). Early weaning improved the percentage of steers grading Average Choice or higher by 40%. The percentage of BRI steers grading Choice or greater was 21% higher and percentage of steers grading Average Choice or greater was 33% higher than CON. Cows with EW steers had higher ADG than cows with NW steers (.38 vs -.17 kg/d, P = .0001) before weaning. Cows with EW steers gained in body condition score (.23 vs .00, P = .04), and cows with NW steers did not change. Early weaning improved feed efficiency and quality grades of beef steers.  (+info)

Performance and carcass traits of early-weaned steers receiving either a pasture growing period or a finishing diet at weaning. (6/2840)

A 2-yr study was conducted to evaluate 1) steers fed ad libitum high concentrate after weaning (CONC), or 2) steers grown on pasture for 82 d, followed by high-concentrate finishing (PAST), on the performance and carcass traits of 74 early-weaned (117 d of age) steers. Potential breed differences were evaluated using crossbred steers of three types: 1) 3/4 Angus x 1/4 Simmental (BRI), 2) 3/4 Simmental x 1/4 Angus (CON), and 3) 1/2 Wagyu x 1/4 Angus x 1/4 Simmental (WAG). Steers were randomly assigned within breed to the two treatments. There was no interactions (P > .10), so the data were pooled over years. The CONC steers had an ADG that was .17 kg/d higher (P = .0001), intake 1.09 kg/d lower (P = .0001), and gain:feed ratio .013 unit better (.190 vs .177, P = .008) than PAST steers overall. Growing treatment did not affect total concentrate consumed (P = .97). The BRI steers required 31 d less than did CON steers (P = .008), and 23 d less than WAG steers (P = .05) when fed to a constant fat end point (1.1 cm). The BRI steers exhibited an ADG .16 kg/d higher (P = .0003), tended (P = .07) to have an ADG intake .49 kg/d higher, and exhibited gain:feed .01 unit better (.189 vs 180) than WAG steers. When compared with CON steers, BRI steers consumed 310 kg less total concentrate (P = .0003). No differences (P > .38) were observed between growing treatments for carcass characteristics or sensory attributes except that CONC steers tended (P = .11) to improve percentage of steers grading Average Choice or higher by 47% over PAST steers. The WAG steers had a 76-unit higher marbling score (1,000 = Small00, 1,100 = Modest00) (P = .006) than BRI steers, resulting in 19% more (P = .09) steers grading > or = Choice and 82% more (P = .03) grading > or = Average Choice. Liver (P = .15) and rumen (P = .01) weights as a percentage of hot carcass weight were reduced for CONC steers. The CONC steers had higher gain, lower intake, better efficiency, reduced liver and rumen weights, and consumed the same amount of total concentrate when compared with PAST steers. The BRI steers had less finishing days and lower daily intake compared with CON steers. The WAG steers had more days finishing, lower gain, lower intake, more undesirable efficiencies, consumed the same amount of total concentrate, and improved quality grades compared with BRI steers.  (+info)

Nutrient-specific preferences by lambs conditioned with intraruminal infusions of starch, casein, and water. (7/2840)

We hypothesized that lambs discriminate between postingestive effects of energy and protein and associate those effects with a food's flavor to modify food choices. Based on this hypothesis, we predicted that 1) lambs would acquire a preference for a poorly nutritious food (grape pomace) eaten during intraruminal infusions of energy (starch) or protein (casein) and that 2) shortly after an intraruminal infusion of energy or protein (preload), lambs would decrease their preferences for foods previously conditioned with starch or casein, respectively. Thirty lambs were allotted to three groups and conditioned as follows. On d 1, lambs in each group received grape pomace containing a different flavor and water was infused into their rumens as they ate the pomace. On d 2, the flavors were switched so each group received a new flavor and a suspension of starch (10% of the DE required per day) replaced the water infusion. On d 3, the flavors were switched again, and a suspension of casein (2.7 to 5.4% of the CP required per day) replaced the starch infusion. Conditioning was repeated during four consecutive trials. Lambs in Trial 1 had a basal diet of alfalfa pellets (e.g., free access from 1200 to 1700) and 400 g of rolled barley. Lambs in Trials 2, 3, and 4 received a restricted amount of alfalfa pellets (990 g/d) as their basal diet. After conditioning, all animals received an infusion of water, and, 30 min later, they were offered a choice of the three flavors previously paired with water, starch, or casein. On the ensuing days, the choice was repeated, but starch, casein, and barley replaced the water preload. The nutrient density of the infused preloads was increased during consecutive trials. Lambs preferred the flavors paired with starch > water > casein during Trial 1 (P < .05) and the flavors paired with starch > casein > water during Trials 2 (P < .05), 3 (P < .001), and 4 (P < .001). Preloads of casein decreased preferences for flavors previously paired with casein (P < .10 [Trial 2]; P < .001 [Trial 3], and increased preferences for flavors paired with starch (P < .05 [Trial 2]; P < .001 [Trial 3]). Preloads of energy (barley) had the opposite effect (P < .05 [Trial 3]). These results indicate that lambs discriminated between the postingestive effects of starch and casein and associated the effects with specific external cues (i.e., added flavors) to regulate macronutrient ingestion.  (+info)

Nutrient management procedures to enhance environmental conditions: an introduction. (8/2840)

The advent of concentrated, large animal production units presents a monumental challenge for the effective management of nutrients in animal manure. This symposium was organized to address the issue of the environmental impact of animal production and to offer suggestions on nutrient management procedures for reducing the environmental impact. There were four presentations on environmental concerns of animal manure that covered the topics of using the severe Dutch legislation that limits the amounts of nitrogen and phosphate in the manure allowed for application on cropland, potential for reducing odorous compounds in swine manure, alternatives to reduce the environmental impact of large swine production units, and, finally, perspectives on nutrient management procedures from a swine integrator's viewpoint. This introduction to the symposium highlights the major areas discussed within each of the four presentations.  (+info)

Shop for LuckyVitamin.com Amino Acids Nutrition and read product reviews. Find cheap prices on LuckyVitamin.com Amino Acids Nutrition from a selection of brands and stores .
Replacing soya hull with a straw-based pellet in a calf starter ration could help increase daily liveweight gains by about 10%, a study has found. The tria
Amino Acids Amino acids are the basic chemical building blocks of life. The body uses twenty-nine dietary amino acids to synthesize over 50,000 unique proteins
Our convenient formula is a great way to get the glutamine you need. But, to make sure youre getting your protein too, scoop L-Glutamine into your Impact Whey Protein, to help grow and maintain muscle.1. WARNING: Contains E110 which may have an adverse effect on activity and attention in children. Do not exceed the stated recommended daily dose. This product is a food supplement and therefore should not be used as a substitute for a varied diet and a healthy lifestyle. Store in a cool dry place, out of the reach of young children. ...
Diabetes is a global pandemic and kills more people than any famine. Book your free 15 minute information session with us and learn about our diabetes nutrition programs
There is no universal combination of factors at farm level that will enhance KO% on every farm. Each farm should work out where it stands and possible areas for improvement should be identified.. Focus on ways to maximise carcase weight in relation to liveweight. Breed, sex and liveweight are important but, if these are constants the major influence is the amount of feed in the gut and whether the pig loses carcase weight as a result of stress before slaughter. Ensuring a correct fasting period (8-12 hours) and minimising pre-slaughter stress are the most straightforward ways to enhance KO%.. October 2015. ...
The HealthCastle.com communitys main focus is preventative health - this is a place where women can find fun and practical diet tips to reclaim their health. We do not preach the ABCs of nutrition, because thats boring. Instead, we debunk diet myths and make sense of breaking nutrition news so that readers will learn the essence of healthy eating.. ...
The HealthCastle.com communitys main focus is preventative health - this is a place where women can find fun and practical diet tips to reclaim their health. We do not preach the ABCs of nutrition, because thats boring. Instead, we debunk diet myths and make sense of breaking nutrition news so that readers will learn the essence of healthy eating.. ...
Poultry producers face many challenges as they increase the number of flocks managed without antibiotics. Sound management practices and natural feed additives that support gut health will help producers manage the transition and protect flocks.
Poultry producers face many challenges as they increase the number of flocks managed without antibiotics. Sound management practices and natural feed additives that support gut health will help producers manage the transition and protect flocks.
In conjunction with a blood type diet, this line of targeted nutritional supplementation supports gut health and addresses digestive issues.
Gut health doesnt only affect digestion - but your whole bodys well-being. Stay all-around healthy and happy with this list of foods for your gut.
An animals gut health impacts much more than digestion. Your pets whole body is affected by the microbiome, and its up to you to nourish it!
Shop Gut Health online. We promise good ingredients at great prices, helping you make better choices. Get Rewards & fast delivery.
Gut health research is prominent these days and proves that eating real food, mostly fruit and vegetables, is essential to maintain good health.
Every day I get parents asking me how they can take a proactive approach to their childs health and I immediately think about their gut health. You see, 80 percent of the immune system is situated in the gut, including ...
Rarely are we given a precise view into whats going on with our gut health, despite it being an important component of overall functioning and health.
(NaturalHealth365) Did you know that gut health problems can lead to chronic inflammation, pain and compromised immunity? Discover natural solutions today.
If you think youve officially learned everything there is to know about gut health, think again. When it comes to the microbiome, science is moving incredibly fast-and the research has still barely scratched the surface. We discuss some of the most interesting points from The Mind-Gut Connection, here.
Seasonal allergy sufferers in search of a natural relief for their symptoms will find Prebiotin is the optimal solution for maximum effectiveness. Shop now!
One of the biggest recent medical revelations is the vital connection between gut health and wellness. Ongoing scientific research suggests that the microbiome, the ...
Learn the ins and outs of gut health and how you can keep yours in check. Contact us today and we can help you get your life back!
Were partnering with The Gut Health Doctor! At Feedr, our goal is to make it as easy as possible for you to eat well everyday. Weve built a platform that
21 September 2001 Video imaging can predict liveweight Silsoe researchers are confident they have developed a measuring method and computer-assisted model
One gut-health expert has mastered the art of weeknight cooking, with this incredibly easy, delicious, and healthy meal. See the recipe here.
Children start out life with an immature immune system. They can develop immunity with good nutrition, a healthy gut, exposure & other factors. Learn more.
4. INFLAMMATION………. **Remember you need carbohydrates, proteins, and fats to activate the Krebs Cycle. If you cant break them down, you cant get them into the vascular system, you cant get absorption. Need good bacteria in the gut for digestion.. ...
Hi Wray, Im battling E dominance and have been for a long time. Ive committed to 400 mg of Progesyerone just this week. I will do this continuesly for
Learn about what might be causing you issues with your gut and stomach during your runs and how to make your own running fuel to prevent problems.
Discover all ins and outs of our third generation nutritional emulsifi er, EXCENTIAL ENERGY PLUS, in our new Emulsifi er Academy Booklet ...
Have you heard that everyone heals at a different speed? Well with this quiz you can speed everything up and make sure youre making the right moves.
Originally Posted by domore Found some dsade. Nice. It wont be long, but it is good to know that the OG is still out there for those who absolutely
Nutritional manipulation in pregnancy based on diet or mixed approach do not appear to reduce the risk of GDM. Nutritional supplements show potential as agents for primary prevention of GDM.
feed additives in animal nutrition for sale - 3104 - feed additives in animal nutrition wholesalers & feed additives in animal nutrition manufacturers from China manufacturers.
The use of feed-grade tryptophan (Trp) in swine diets has become more economical recently due to the increased cost of soybean meal and the increased usage of dried distillers grains with solubles (DDGS). Therefore, the objectives of this study were to estimate the effects of the standardized ileal digestible (SID) tryptophan:lysine (Trp:Lys) ratio on growth performance and economics of 25- to 45-lb nursery pigs housed in a commercial environment. A total of 1,088 pigs (PIC 337 × 1050; initially 24.8 ± 1.2 lb BW) were used in a 21-d growth trial. Pigs were weaned at 16 d of age and grouped into pens of 27 pigs (14 gilts and 13 barrows). Pigs were fed common diets until d 28 after weaning. On d 28, pens of pigs were weighed and blocked by average BW, then randomly assigned to 1 of 7 dietary treatments in a randomized complete block design with 6 pens per treatment. Dietary treatments contained 30% DDGS and were 14.5, 16.5, 18.0, 19.5, 21.0, 22.5, and 24.5% SID Trp:Lys ratio. The SID Trp:Lys ...
United States Glycine for Animal Nutrition Market Report 2017 United States Glycine for Animal Nutrition Market Report 2017 The global Glycine for Animal Nutrition market is - Market research report and industry analysis - 11011125
Grape juice cocktail, frozen concentrate, diluted with 3 volume water, with added ascorbic acid Nutrition - BellaOnline Nutrition Database - BellaOnline is committed to helping our visitors become healthy and happy. Our BellaOnline Nutrition Database will help you choose the healthiest foods for your chosen lifestyle.
Peach nectar, canned, with added ascorbic acid Nutrition - BellaOnline Nutrition Database - BellaOnline is committed to helping our visitors become healthy and happy. Our BellaOnline Nutrition Database will help you choose the healthiest foods for your chosen lifestyle.
Apricot nectar, canned, with added ascorbic acid Nutrition - BellaOnline Nutrition Database - BellaOnline is committed to helping our visitors become healthy and happy. Our BellaOnline Nutrition Database will help you choose the healthiest foods for your chosen lifestyle.
A qualitative study of adherence to nutritional treatment: perspectives of patients and dietitians Ronit Endevelt, Anat Gesser-Edelsburg School of Public Health, University of Haifa, Mount Carmel, Haifa, Israel Background: Effective interaction between care providers and patients is crucial for the success of most medical treatments; in nutritional medical treatment, it is of paramount importance. The aim of the present study was to ascertain the role of the dietitian–patient relationship and the counseling approach in influencing individual patient decisions to adhere to counseling by persisting with nutritional treatment. Methods: We conducted focus groups with two types of patients, namely, those who had consulted dietitians only once and those who had attended at least three appointments. We divided these two groups into 12 focus groups. In addition, in-depth interviews were held with 17 clinical dietitians. Our qualitative research was based on the perceptions of patients and dietitians.
Lallemand Animal Nutrition is dedicated to the development, production, and marketing of profitable, natural and differentiated solutions for animal nutrition and health. Our core products are live bacteria for direct fed microbials and silage inoculants, live specific yeasts, and high value yeast derivatives.
The future of animal nutrition will be shaped by five cutting-edge scientific disciplines. We review their most relevants characteristcs and uses
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As an animal nutrition company, BIOMIN develops and produces feed additives, premixes and services for healthy and profitable animals. Our solutions cover mycotoxin risk management and natural growth promotion for swine, poultry, ruminants and aquaculture.
Mole Valley Farmers take animal nutrition very seriously. You can trust us to look after your livestocks nutritional needs by offering the highest quality feeds and supplements and our very best advice, whenever you need it.
Danisco Animal Nutrition, a business segment of DuPont Industrial Biosciences, has appointed feed additive specialist Angela Riemensperger to the role of regional technical manager responsible for Ireland, Germany, Switzerland and the United Kingdom.
American Animal Nutrition provides natural and effective solutions for animal feed. Our mission is to serve our customers needs and meet their challenges.
US - The US Department of Agriculture has announced funding awards worth $6 million, in grants to institutions looking into farm animal nutrition and growth.
DSMs Animal nutrition and health and our commitment to providing nutritional solutions for the production of quality food, while ensuring the health and welfare of the animals that produce it
FUMzyme, a purified enzyme from Biomin to detoxify mycotoxins in animals has won the AllAboutFeed/FIAAP Animal Nutrition Award. The runner up was Kemin with its multi-enzyme product.
Results for animal nutrition equipment from Agashield, Agrimos, AGRIPUL and other leading brands. Compare and contact a supplier near you on agriculture-xprt.com
Danisco Animal Nutrition has promoted Jose Manuel de la Fuente Garcia from business director to regional director of Europe, Africa, Middle East and India (EUROW region), effective August 1, 2011.
The human requirement for vitamins, minerals and other nutrients remains relatively constant throughout adult life. Unfortunately our ability to properly digest
El Archivo Digital UPM alberga en formato digital la documentacion academica y cientifica (tesis, pfc, articulos, etc..) generada en la Universidad Politecnica de Madrid.Los documentos del Archivo Digital UPM son recuperables desde buscadores: Google, Google Academics, Yahoo, Scirus, etc y desde recolectores OAI: E-ciencia, DRRD, Recolecta (REBIUN-FECYT), Driver, Oaister, etc.
Aviagen recently explored the effect of feed form on broiler performance in a field trial. In the trial birds were fed a high quality wheat based control diet or a treatment in which this was roller milled to fines - the diets were fed for a period of 10 days. This created two extremes as shown in Fig 3. At 10 days of age the liveweight of birds fed the treatment diet was, on average, 50g lower than that of birds fed the control diet (234g vs. 284g), and FCR was increased by 21 points (1.26 vs. 1.05). Thus feed form has a significant effect on early broiler performance leading to a reduced liveweight, poorer FCR and a worse uniformity ...
Another great diet and weight loss tip is to eat healthy protein. All protein is not the same and it doesnt have to come from meat. Try vegetable protein.
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Mental Health and Protein Nutrition By Julia Ross -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Are you an
Perhaps as a farmer or feed compounder you believe that you know exactly what constitutes gut health. Yet defining gut health isnt easy. A healthy gut must be healthy physically, chemically and immunologically. It must play host to a bacterial population that also has a favorable impact on all those parameters. And all of these factors interrelate. Diet, disease and environmental management are just a few of the factors which can disrupt the balance of these contributory components and affect gut health. Even a subtle compromise in gut health can have severe consequences for the disease status, welfare and production performance of the animal.
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The nature of functional lipids In nature, these fats can be found, predominately in the triglyceride form, in palm kernel and coconut oil and in the milk fat of some animal species. As fat, they provide energy, but due to their chain length and unique structures (Figure 1), they also exhibit other functionalities and can be referred to as functional lipids. These medium chain functional lipids can be antimicrobial, antiviral, anti-fungal and anti-inflammatory. This is especially the case for MCM having the fatty acid attached in the 1-alpha position. Therefore, these medium chain functional lipids can improve gut health by beneficially affecting diet, intestinal microbiota and immune function. Depending on the temperature MCMs are liquid or solid. Due to their higher efficacy, they have a lower inclusion rate compared to MCFA, making them easier to handle ...
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CYDECTIN Oral Drench is ready-to-use. Administer 1 mL per 11 lb (1 mL per 5 kg) body weight into the mouth of the sheep, using any standard drenching equipment. Check dose rates and equipment before drenching. Do not overdose. Do not mix with any other products before administration. Avoid contaminating the drench solution.. The recommended rate of administration for CYDECTIN Oral Drench for Sheep is 1 mL per 11 lb (5 kg) body weight to provide 0.2 mg moxidectin/2.2 lb (0.2 mg/kg) body weight. It must be administered based on the weight of animal being treated.. ...
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Need for Nourishment body processes require the use of energy obtained from ingested food or stored fat animal must have food to store energy in fat cells
... crosses the blood-brain barrier[27][28][29] and has been implicated in a wide array of physiological phenomena ... Taurine (/ˈtɔːriːn/), or 2-aminoethanesulfonic acid, is an organic compound that is widely distributed in animal tissues.[1] It ... Nutritional significance. Taurine occurs naturally in fish and meat.[12][13][14] The mean daily intake from omnivore diets was ... "Physiological Reviews. 72 (1): 101-63. doi:10.1152/physrev.1992.72.1.101. PMID 1731369. S2CID 27844955.. ...
... cell phenomena, and immunity G05 - genetic processes G06 - biochemical phenomena, metabolism, and nutrition G07 - physiological ... animals B02 - algae B03 - bacteria B04 - viruses B05 - fungi B06 - plants B07 - archaea B08 - mesomycetozoea C - Diseases C01 ... nutritional and metabolic diseases C19 - endocrine system diseases C20 - immune system diseases C21 - disorders of ... chemical and pharmacologic phenomena G13 - genetic phenomena G14 - genetic structures H - Physical Sciences H01 - natural ...
... crosses the blood-brain barrier[27][28][29] and has been implicated in a wide array of physiological phenomena ... Taurine (/ˈtɔːriːn/), or 2-aminoethanesulfonic acid, is an organic compound that is widely distributed in animal tissues.[1] It ... Nutritional significance. Taurine occurs naturally in fish and meat.[12][13][14] The mean daily intake from omnivore diets was ... According to animal studies, taurine produces an anxiolytic effect and may act as a modulator or antianxiety agent in the ...
The phenomenon has long been known in animals and plants. Heterosis appears to be largely due to genetic complementation, that ... "Physiological studies of conditional lethal mutants of bacteriophage T4D". Cold Spring Harbor Symp. Quant. Biol. 28: 375-394. ... and allowed the investigator to determine whether any two nutritional mutants were defective in the same, or different genes. ...
"NFHS-3 Nutritional Status of Adults". Retrieved 26 November 2009. Kanjilal, B; et al. (2010). "Nutritional Status of Children ... Additionally, physiological or chronic stress is strongly correlated in women being underweight. The Government of India has ... Also, other Indians are strictly vegan, which means, they do not consume any sort of animal product, including dairy and eggs. ... This phenomenon is most prevalent in the rural areas of India where more malnutrition exists on an absolute level. Whether ...
This lack of protein during winter conditions can be attributed to the scarcity of animal proteins, a phenomenon that occurs in ... The bones do not satisfy seasonal nutritional deficiency, they prevent overgrown teeth but the shavings are ingested as the ... Therefore, it would be expected that the increased physiological needs of juvenile and gravid female tortoises would also ... Most modern toy "bones" for dogs are actually rawhide, which is simply dried animal skin, as animal bones are actually ...
Animal communication Deception in animals Evolutionary anthropology Evolutionary linguistics Essay on the Origin of Languages ... The anatomical and physiological basis of human speech production: adaptations and exaptations. In M. Tallerman and K. .Gibson ... Onomatopoeia can explain the first couple of words all derived from natural phenomenon, but there is no explanation as to how ... Indeed, independent lines of evidence (comparative, fossil, archeological, paleo-environmental, isotopic, nutritional, and ...
It has been shown that this phenomenon is mediated by an epigenetic modification of DNA known as CpG methylation. Silencing the ... Kucharski R, Maleszka, J, Foret, S, Maleszka, R, Nutritional Control of Reproductive Status in Honeybees via DNA Methylation. ... and against Alzheimer's disease in animals.It is often sold as a dietary supplement for humans, but the European Food Safety ... the two adults would be strongly differentiated across a wide range of characteristics including anatomical and physiological ...
Studies of Nonlinear Phenomena in Life Science. 11. New Jersey: World Scientific. doi:10.1142/6175. ISBN 978-981-256-883-0. ... Riggs, D.S. (1970). Control theory and physiological feedback mechanisms. Baltimore: Williams & Wilkins. Hall, John (2011). ... ISBN 978-1-60406-062-1. Schmidt-Nielsen K (1981). "Countercurrent systems in animals". Scientific American. 244 (5): 118-28. ... Nutritional Neuroscience. 21 (10): 695-714. doi:10.1080/1028415X.2017.1347373. ISSN 1028-415X. PMID 28686542. S2CID 40659630. ...
This phenomenon was observed in xeromorphic species of Cactaceae, Crassulaceae, and Liliaceae. As the epidermis of the plant is ... Heat shock proteins (HSPs) are a major class of proteins in plants and animals which are synthesised in cells as a response to ... Despite the many stresses, xerophytes have the ability to survive and thrive in drought conditions due to their physiological ... there is selection for plants having thin and efficient cuticles to limit the nutritional and energy costs for the cuticle ...
573 Specific physiological systems in animals, regional histology & physiology in animals. *574 Not assigned or no longer used ... 613.2 Diet (food hygiene, nutrition, diet, nutritional value of food and beverages) ... 523 Specific celestial bodies & phenomena. *524 Not assigned or no longer used ...
Other animals[edit]. Evolution[edit]. Fossil endocast of a Tyrannosaurus cranial vault, showing extensive olfactory bulb ( ... During certain physiological states such as hunger a food odor may seem more pleasant and rewarding due to the associations in ... The OFC contributes to this odor-reward association as well as it assesses the value of a reward, i.e. the nutritional value of ... a phenomenon generally known as convergent evolution.[27][28] ... In this way odors reflect certain emotions or physiological ...
Thomas, R.J.; Stanton, D.S.; Longendorfer, D.H. & Farr, M.E. (1978), "Physiological evaluation of the nutritional autonomy of a ... cnidarians and trematode animals. This phenomenon is also known as heterogamy. Presently, the term "alternation of generations ... In some other animals, such as hymenopterans, males are haploid and females diploid, but this is always the case rather than ... Animals develop differently. They directly produce haploid gametes. No haploid spores capable of dividing are produced, so ...
Neuroethology - study of animal behavior and its underlying mechanistic control by the nervous system. Neuroimmunology - study ... Chronobiology - field of biology that examines periodic (cyclic) phenomena in living organisms and their adaptation to solar- ... Paleopathology - the study of pathogenic conditions observable in bones or mummified soft tissue, and on nutritional disorders ... physiological, developmental, genetic) to environmental stresses. Nematology - scientific discipline concerned with the study ...
While all animal cells are capable of synthesizing glutathione, glutathione synthesis in the liver has been shown to be ... Because direct supplementation of glutathione is not successful, supply of the raw nutritional materials used to generate GSH, ... Pizzorno, Joseph E.; Katzinger, Joseph J. (1 September 2012). "Glutathione: Physiological and Clinical Relevance". Journal of ... is one very specific example of this phenomenon. Oral supplementation with gamma-glutamylcysteine has been shown to effectively ...
... from wind to mycophagous animals. Animals are often drawn to hypogeous fruiting bodies because they are rich in nutrients such ... Although physiological evidence of linkage is difficult to demonstrate, some experiments have been performed where carbon-14 ... Though this relationship is far from certain, there exist some hypotheses to explain the plausibility of this phenomenon: 1) ... Cork, Steven J.; Kenagy, G. J. (1989). "Nutritional value of hypogeous fungus for a forest-dwelling ground squirrel". Ecology. ...
The more D-isomer or multiple enantiomers present in food, the lower the nutritional value of the food is, so using D-amino ... This results in a number of physiological effects in various systems, most notably the brain. The enzyme is most active toward ... There is evidence to show that schizophrenia, as a neural phenomenon, is associated with both hyper- and hypoglutamatergic ... September 2008). "Antipsychotic drugs: comparison in animal models of efficacy, neurotransmitter regulation, and ...
This is a complex factor embracing both nutritional and physiological requirements, together with behavioural trends, dispersal ... Piper, Ross (2007). Extraordinary animals: an encyclopedia of curious and unusual animals. Santa Barbara, California: Greenwood ... Researchers themselves may be subject to psychological phenomena. For example, a publication in 2004 claiming that springtails ... In sheer numbers, they are reputed to be one of the most abundant of all macroscopic animals, with estimates of 100,000 ...
Animal Behaviour 85, 313-322 (2013). Gatz, A.J. Non-random mating by size in American toad, Bufo americanus. Animal Behaviour ... The physiological impacts of cannibalism on male fitness include his inability to father any offspring if he is unable to mate ... The decision of a female to cannibalize a male is not defined by the nutritional value or genetic advantage (courtship dances, ... This behavior is often seen in sexually cannibalistic spiders, causing them to exhibit the "eunuch phenomenon". Due to the ...
... differs from similar phenomena that can occur in groups that are not truly social (e.g. herding animals). These ... Whilst the specific physiological mechanisms by which immunity is produced differ sharply between the individual and society, ... larvae raised on these carcasses are smaller and in a worse nutritional state-at adulthood these beetles were also smaller, ... In social animals, immunisation is not restricted to the level of the individual, but can also occur at the society level, via ...
The nutritional efficiency of these diets was normal and similar. The immune response of mice fed the L diets, was found to be ... Animals fed Purina diet for 20 weeks and then switched to either milk protein diet for a further 8 weeks exhibited a decrease ... This phenomenon can occur in the lymphocytes during the development of the immune response and in the muscular cells during ... Abnormally high ROS concentrations cause oxidative stress associated with tissue damage and dysregulation of physiological ...
larva (pl.) larvae A distinct juvenile form many animals undergo before metamorphosis into adults. Animals with indirect ... The phenomenon occurs naturally but is also frequently mimicked in industry and engineering. crista A fold in the inner ... ectotherm An organism in which internal physiological sources of heat are of relatively small or quite negligible importance in ... Drugs are typically distinguished from substances that provide nutritional support such as food. dimorphism The existence of a ...
In addition to physiological degradation, pacific salmon become more lethargic as mating goes on, which makes some individuals ... Other semelparous animals include many insects, including some species of butterflies, cicadas, and mayflies, many arachnids, ... Cole, Lamont C. (June 1954). "The Population Consequences of Life History Phenomena". The Quarterly Review of Biology. 29 (2): ... Larva only feed in restricted periods of the year because of the nutritional state of their host plants (as a result, they are ...
The first of these analyses produced no evidence for the view that total fat, or animal fat, or hydrogenated fat, was the ... His studies of the nutritional status of school children in Cambridge showed that supplementation of the diet with vitamins had ... His PhD thesis was on "adaptive enzymes" (subsequently termed "induced enzyme synthesis"). His account of the phenomenon ... following years the Department won an international reputation not only for the strength of its research in the physiological ...
Synchronous behavior is also threatened when animals in a mixed-sex herd have differing nutritional or physical necessities. ... This phenomenon, also referred to as social facilitation, occurs in both free-range cattle that live in pastures, and cattle ... Gautrais believes that this physiological need is what prompted the first individual in his herd experiment to switch from ... Horses, like many animals, learn through imitation of their parents, most often the mother or "broodmare", or the owner of the ...
This phenomenon is known as the premature ovarian failure (POF) and it is used as the model for the study of the genetics of ... It is based in the natural and social sciences, and is based on theory and models deriving from human and animal biology, ... The assumption that energy measured in calories can be used as a universal measure of nutritional cost is criticized by a ... Lactation is one of the costliest forms of parental investment because it is taxing at a metabolic and physiological level, but ...
Girls are especially sensitive to nutritional regulation because they must contribute all of the nutritional support to a ... Scientists believe the phenomenon could be linked to obesity or exposure to chemicals in the food chain, and is putting girls ... There is theoretical concern, and animal evidence, that environmental hormones and chemicals may affect aspects of prenatal or ... Mechanisms of these social effects are unknown, though a variety of physiological processes, including pheromones, have been ...
Yet, nutritional quality of middle class diets closely mirrors those of the upper classes. More importantly, the nutritional ... In non-human models, animals that undergo subordination stress (e.g., attacks from a dominant animal in shared housing ... One clear illustration of this phenomenon is the introduction of spices in European diet. In medieval Western Europe, the ... Relationship of subjective and objective social status with psychological and physiological functioning: Preliminary data in ...
"Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics. 30 (4): 263-69. doi:10.1016/j.jmpt.2007.03.004. PMID 17509435.. ... A related field, veterinary chiropractic, applies manual therapies to animals and is recognized in 40 US states,[66] but is not ... including nutritional supplements, acupuncture, homeopathy, herbal remedies, and biofeedback.[21] ... "Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics. 38 (8): 533-44. doi:10.1016/j.jmpt.2015.08.001. PMID 26362263.. ...
F50-F59) Behavioural syndromes associated with physiological disturbances and physical factors[edit]. *(F50) Eating disorders * ... Endocrine, nutritional and metabolic diseases V F00-F99 Mental and behavioural disorders ... F59) Unspecified behavioural syndromes associated with physiological disturbances and physical factors. (F60-F69) Disorders of ... 1.6 (F50-F59) Behavioural syndromes associated with physiological disturbances and physical factors ...
Karasov, William H.; Martinez del Rio, Carlos (2008). Physiological Ecology: How Animals Process Energy, Nutrients, and Toxins ... This relationship leads to a phenomenon known as "worker policing". In these rare situations, other worker bees in the hive who ... Honey bees obtain all of their nutritional requirements from a diverse combination of pollen and nectar. Pollen is the only ... Aldersey-Williams, H. Zoomorphic: New Animal Architecture. London: Laurence King Publishing, 2003. ...
A study of mice shows that autophagy is important for the ever-changing demands of their nutritional and energy needs, ... de Duve christened the phenomena "autophagy". Unlike Porter and Ashford, de Duve conceived the term as a part of lysosomal ... autophagy is induced in response to the nutrient depletion that occurs in animals at birth after severing off the trans- ... and that the process was not limited to injury states that functioned under physiological conditions for "reutilization of ...
... physiological, and developmental mechanisms of behavior in humans and non-human animals. ... Although many studies still hold a reductionist stance looking for the neurobiological basis of cognitive phenomena, recent ... The morphology, molecular identity, and physiological characteristics of neurons and how they relate to different types of ... Affective neuroscience is the study of the neural mechanisms involved in emotion, typically through experimentation on animal ...
In animal cells the main lipophagic pathway is via the engulfment of LDs by the phagophore, macroautophagy. In fungal cells on ... A study of mice shows that autophagy is important for the ever-changing demands of their nutritional and energy needs, ... de Duve christened the phenomena "autophagy". Unlike Porter and Ashford, de Duve conceived the term as a part of lysosomal ... and that the process was not limited to injury states that functioned under physiological conditions for "reutilization of ...
However, studies show that overall activity levels are no higher in calorie restriction than ad libitum animals in youth.[56] ... See also: Insulin § Physiological effects. Lowering of the concentration of insulin and substances related to insulin, such as ... Caloric restriction lowers the core body temperature, a phenomenon believed to be an adaptive response to reduce energy ... Nutritional advice. *5 A Day. *Dairy Council of California. *Food pyramid. *Fruits & Veggies - More Matters ...
Such effects on cellular and physiological phenotypic traits may result from external or environmental factors, or be part of ... miRNAs regulate a large variety of biological functions in plants and animals.[64] So far, in 2013, about 2000 miRNAs have been ... Historically, some phenomena not necessarily heritable have also been described as epigenetic. For example, the term epigenetic ... "Progressive, transgenerational changes in offspring phenotype and epigenotype following nutritional transition". PLoS ONE. 6 ( ...
Dogs and cats digest animal proteins better than those from plants but products of low-quality animal origin are poorly ... By contrast, in vivo experiments can provide information about the physiological role of a protein in the context of a cell or ... Early nutritional scientists such as the German Carl von Voit believed that protein was the most important nutrient for ... Lectins typically play a role in biological recognition phenomena involving cells and proteins.[39] Receptors and hormones are ...
Degradation in vertebrate animals[edit]. When red blood cells reach the end of their life due to aging or defects, they are ... This phenomenon, where molecule Y affects the binding of molecule X to a transport molecule Z, is called a heterotropic ... Oxyhemoglobin is formed during physiological respiration when oxygen binds to the heme component of the protein hemoglobin in ... Other common causes of low hemoglobin include loss of blood, nutritional deficiency, bone marrow problems, chemotherapy, kidney ...
This is known as the blue field entoptic phenomenon (or Scheerer's phenomenon). ... However, some animals have four spectral subtypes, e.g. the trout adds an ultraviolet subgroup to short, medium, and long ... that have metabolisms with different nutritional requirements.[37] To satisfy these requirements, the ophthalmic artery ... have been shown to reduce aberrant vessel formation in animal models.[74] Since specific gene therapies cannot readily be used ...
Nutritional types in protist metabolism Nutritional type Source of energy Source of carbon Examples ... Levandowsky, M. Physiological Adaptations of Protists. In: Cell physiology sourcebook : essentials of membrane biophysics. ... 1: Wirbellose Thiere (Invertebrate animals). Berlin, (Germany): Veit & Co. p. 3.. ,volume=. has extra text (help) From p. 3: " ... Early researchers (e.g., Calkins) have interpreted phenomena related to chromidia (chromatin granules free in the cytoplasm) in ...
Although animals generally express fewer variants of the dicer enzyme than plants, RNAi in some animals produces an antiviral ... This phenomenon was labeled "virus-induced gene silencing" (VIGS), and the set of such phenomena were collectively called post ... Studying the effects of this decrease can show the physiological role of the gene product. Since RNAi may not totally abolish ... Katoch R, Thakur N (March 2013). "Advances in RNA interference technology and its impact on nutritional improvement, disease ...
Other animals. Main article: Animal psychopathology. Psychopathology in non-human primates has been studied since the mid-20th ... International Society for Nutritional Psychiatry Research (March 2015). "Nutritional medicine as mainstream in psychiatry". ... The application of the concept of mental illness to the phenomena described by these authors has in turn been critiqued by ... However, available evidence may range from nonverbal behaviors-including physiological responses and homologous facial displays ...
This same phenomenon can cause significant over-reporting of B12 content in other types of foods as well.[11] ... Bender DA (11 September 2003). Nutritional Biochemistry of the Vitamins. Cambridge University Press. p. 5. ISBN 978-1-139-43773 ... No evidence of toxicity based on limited human and animal studies. The only evidence of adverse effects associated with ... Stipanuk, M.H. (2006). Biochemical, physiological, molecular aspects of human nutrition (2nd ed.). St Louis: Saunders Elsevier ...
... physiological, and developmental mechanisms of behavior in humans and non-human animals. ... Although many studies still hold a reductionist stance looking for the neurobiological basis of cognitive phenomena, recent ... "for their discoveries concerning the primary physiological and chemical visual processes in the eye" [76] ... The morphology, molecular identity, and physiological characteristics of neurons and how they relate to different types of ...
In an outdoors setting, wind or animals usually provide sufficient motion to produce commercially viable crops.[citation needed ... For instance, linkage drag is a phenomenon that has been responsible for alterations in the metabolism of the tomato fruit. ... Lee, Eunkyung; Sargent, Steven A.; Huber, Donald J. (2007). "Physiological Changes in Roma-type Tomato Induced by Mechanical ... nutritional value, and numerous other traits.[citation needed] ... and other metabolites that are sensory and nutritional assets ...
FAO Animal Production and Health Guidelines No. 12. Print. *^ www.gmo-compass.org. "GMO Crop Growing: Growing Around the World" ... Garrett, J; Ruel, M (1999). Are Determinants of Rural and Urban Food Security and Nutritional Status Different? Some Insights ... In order to achieve food security, the food ingested must be safe and must be enough to meet the physiological requirements of ... "Food and nutrition insecurity is a political and economic phenomenon fuelled by inequitable global and national processes".[140 ...
A similar phenomenon is observed for the Jumonji C family of KDMs which require a hydroxylation to perform demethylation at the ... Mitochondria in animals, including humans, possess two succinyl-CoA synthetases: one that produces GTP from GDP, and another ... Under physiological conditions, 2-hydroxyglutarate is a minor product of several metabolic pathways as an error but readily ... Primary nutritional groups. Energy. metabolism. Aerobic respiration. *Glycolysis → Pyruvate decarboxylation → Citric acid cycle ...
a b Modern History Sourcebook: Louis Pasteur (1822-1895): Physiological theory of fermentation, 1879. Translated by F. Faulkner ... It occurs in the muscles of animals when they need energy faster than the blood can supply oxygen. It also occurs in some kinds ... a phenomenon known as the Crabtree effect).[12] Some fermentation processes involve obligate anaerobes, which cannot tolerate ... Primary nutritional groups. Energy. metabolism. Aerobic respiration. *Glycolysis → Pyruvate decarboxylation → Citric acid cycle ...
"Journal of Physiological Anthropology. 31 (5): 5. doi:10.1186/1880-6805-31-5. PMC 3375033. PMID 22738268.. ... Process C counteracts the homeostatic drive for sleep during the day (in diurnal animals) and augments it at night.[21][17] The ... Dietary and nutritional choices may affect sleep duration and quality. One 2016 review indicated that a high carbohydrate diet ... Parmeggiani, Pier Luigi (2011). Systemic Homeostasis and Poikilostasis in Sleep: Is REM Sleep a Physiological Paradox? London: ...
In animals, proteins are needed in the diet to provide the essential amino acids that cannot be synthesized. Digestion breaks ... By contrast, in vivo experiments can provide information about the physiological role of a protein in the context of a cell or ... Early nutritional scientists such as the German Carl von Voit believed that protein was the most important nutrient for ... Lectins typically play a role in biological recognition phenomena involving cells and proteins.[35] Receptors and hormones are ...
Phenomena such as photophobia, which describes the event in which light is perceived as an intense glare, and photopsia, the ... Future treatments may involve retinal transplants,[45] artificial retinal implants,[46] gene therapy, stem cells, nutritional ... Additionally, animal models suggest that the retinal pigment epithelium fails to phagocytose the outer rod segment discs that ... and can detect physiological abnormalities before the initial manifestation of symptoms. An electrode lens is applied to the ...
Another important physiological change related to sexuality in humans was the evolution of hidden estrus. Humans are the only ... Homo habilis had smaller molars and larger brains than the australopithecines, and made tools from stone and perhaps animal ... suggest that control of fire and releasing increased nutritional value through cooking was the key adaptation that separated ... "Encephalization is not a universal macroevolutionary phenomenon in mammals but is associated with sociality". Proceedings of ...
There are many different patterns of parental care in the animal kingdom. The patterns can be explained by physiological ... Leks and choruses have also been deemed another behavior among the phenomena of male competition for females. Due to the ... Animals cooperate with each other to increase their own fitness.[85] These altruistic, and sometimes spiteful behaviors can be ... Animal Behaviour: A Evolutionary Approach (10th ed.). Sinauer. pp. 70-72. ISBN 9780878939664.. ...
MeSH G06 --- biochemical phenomena, metabolism, and nutrition. *MeSH G07 --- physiological processes. *MeSH G08 --- ... MeSH C18 --- nutritional and metabolic diseases. *MeSH C19 --- endocrine system diseases. *MeSH C20 --- immune system diseases ... MeSH C22 --- animal diseases. *MeSH C23 --- pathological conditions, signs and symptoms. *Chemicals and Drugs [D] *MeSH D01 ...
... is any substance[1] consumed to provide nutritional support for an organism. Food is usually of plant or animal origin, ... "designed to have physiological benefits and/or reduce the risk of chronic disease beyond basic nutritional functions, and may ... Another universal phenomenon regarding food is the appeal of contrast in taste and presentation. For example, such opposite ... Animals, specifically humans, have five different types of tastes: sweet, sour, salty, bitter, and umami. As animals have ...
Animal Nutritional Physiological PhenomenaAnimals • Anopheles • Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal • Antidepressive ... Nutritional Physiological PhenomenaNutritional Status • Oligopeptides • One-Carbon Group Transferases • Organ Culture ... Skin Physiological Phenomena • Skin Transplantation • Social Dominance • Species Specificity • Spermatogenesis • Spermatozoa • ... Padmanabha, H; Correa, F; Legros, M; Nijhout, HF; Lord, C; Lounibos, LP, An eco-physiological model of the impact of ...
Animal Feed / analysis* * Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena * Animals * Antioxidants / metabolism* * Chickens* * ... 1 Jiangxi Province Key Laboratory of Animal Nutrition/Engineering Research Center of Feed Development, Jiangxi Agricultural ... 2 College of Animal Science and Technology, Jiangxi Agricultural University, Nanchang, China. ...
Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena * Animals * Deficiency Diseases / metabolism * Female * Glycosaminoglycans / ... The remaining six animals were fed the zinc-supplemented diet on and ad libitum schedule. All animals were killed after 36 days ... Six animals were fed a semipurified, zinc-deficient, basal diet containing 20 ppm zinc. Six animals served as pair-fed controls ... No statistical difference in sulfated AMPs was found in skin from deficient and pair-fed animals, which was in accord with an ...
Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena. Animals. Cytochrome P-450 CYP2E1 / metabolism. Dietary Carbohydrates / ...
Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena*. Animals. Body Weight. Copulation. Embryo Implantation / physiology*. Embryo, ...
Maternal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena. Nutrition of a mother which affects the health of the FETUS and INFANT as well as ... Animals, Suckling. Young, unweaned mammals. Refers to nursing animals whether nourished by their biological mother, foster ...
Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena. *Animals. *Bone Development (drug effects) *Chondrocytes (drug effects, pathology) ...
Maternal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena. *Models, Animal. *Oxidative Stress. *Phosphoenolpyruvate Carboxykinase (ATP)/ ...
Filters: Keyword is Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena [Clear All Filters]. 2016. J. Suk Jeong, Park, J. Won, Lee, S. ... and physiological responses of feeder cattle.", Journal of Animal Science, vol. 89, no. 11, pp. 3677-89, 2011. ... J. J. Loor, Bionaz, M., and Drackley, J. K., "Systems physiology in dairy cattle: nutritional genomics and beyond.", Annu Rev ... H. A. Turner and Delcurto, T., "Nutritional and managerial considerations for range beef cattle production.", Vet Clin North Am ...
Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena. Nutritional physiology of animals.. Adolescent Nutritional Physiological Phenomena ... Maternal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena. Nutrition of a mother which affects the health of the FETUS and INFANT as well as ... Physiological response of crossbred sheep under nutritional scarcity.. Nutritional scarcity during summer and winter is a major ... Re-evaluating the nutritional awareness, knowledge and eating behaviours of women attending a tertiary maternity hospital ...
Nutritional Physiological Phenomena/physiology*; Toxicology/trends* ... MeSH Terms: Animals; Aquaculture/methods*; Cardiovascular Diseases/chemically induced*; Child Development/drug effects*; Diet ...
The descriptors "Diet" and "Nutritional Physiological Phenomena" along with their child descriptors were moved there. In ... The J02 tree in MeSH includes food items, while the B tree contains plants and animals. For many years the fact that some ... To respond to these problems we made major changes to the organization of nutritional phenomena for the 2016 Medical Subject ... For example, a search in the 2016 PubMed system to find specific citations about the nutritional value of spinach can now be ...
Animal Feed. Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena. Sodium Chloride, Dietary. Refine by: Subjects *Agriculture1 ...
Animals , Dogs , Papain/administration & dosage , Animal Feed/analysis , Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena , Dietary ... Animals , Female , Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena , Nutritional Requirements , Sheep/metabolism , Nutrition ... Animals , Male , Cattle , Animal Feed/analysis , Animal Feed/statistics & numerical data , Animal Nutritional Physiological ... Animals , Female , Adult , Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena , Horses/blood , Pasture , Blood Cell Count/veterinary , ...
Animals , Cattle , Brachiaria/growth & development , Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena , Nitrogen/administration & ... Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena / Nitrogen Limits: Animals Language: English Journal: Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. ( ... and percentages of leaves and stems in the herbage apparently selected by the animal decreased. Nitrogen levels had no effect ... de diferimento fixo com aumento das doses de nitrogênio em pastos de capim-braquiária não influencia o ganho diário por animal ...
Metabolic Phenomena, Cell Physiological Phenomena, mRNA translation, ribosomes, protein synthesis, genome-wide analysis, ... The methodological quality of animal studies is an important factor hampering the translation of results from animal studies to ... Biochemistry, Issue 87, Cells, Eukaryota, Nutritional and Metabolic Diseases, Neoplasms, ... Systematic reviews of animal studies; missing link in translational research? Judith van Luijk, Brenda Bakker, Maroeska M ...
The study of diseases affecting invertebrate animals, including etiology, pathogenesis, symptomatology, pathology, ... The latter involve mechanical and physiological injuries caused by chemicals, nutritional disturbances, inherited abnormalities ... In many invertebrate animals, a prophenoloxidase-activating system can contribute to humoral immunity. Neuropeptides and ... Its occurrence is a normal biological phenomenon, and it has been recognized as a balancing factor in nature. Understanding ...
... and nutritional correlates of polycystic ovary syndrome and update on nutritional management of these critical phenomena.. ... The Physiological Role of Mineral Nutrients. Author: Loew, Oscar, b. 1844 Volume: no.18 Subject: Plant physiology; Plants ... Silicon as an Essential Trace Element in Animal Nutrition. Author: Edith Muriel Carlisle. READ FULL ARTICLE HERE (PDF) ... We performed a systematic literature review to evaluate the till-now evidence regarding: (1) the metabolic and nutritional ...
Nutritional Physiological Phenomena. *Plant Proteins/administration & dosage*. *Plant Proteins/analysis. *Plant Proteins/ ... and blending plant with animal-based protein sources. These nutritional approaches need to be profoundly examined in older ... In this review, we evaluate the ability of plant- versus animal-based proteins to help maintain skeletal muscle mass in healthy ... animal-based proteins; critical review; muscle protein synthesis; older people; plant-based proteins; skeletal muscle ...
Animal Feed/analysis*. *Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena. *Animals. *Bacteria/classification*. *Bacteria/genetics ... Dietary components and changes cause shifts in the gastrointestinal microbial ecology that can play a role in animal health and ... Ruminal and fecal bacterial populations were different when animals were fed DDGS compared with controls; ruminal and fecal ... to understand how diets affect gastrointestinal ecology and the gastrointestinal contribution of the microbiome to animal ...
Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena. (3 times). CM (2 times). IM (2 times). aa (1 time). ≫ ...
Animal Feed/classification*. *Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena. *Animals. *Blood Urea Nitrogen. *Cattle/metabolism ... Department of Animal Sciences, University of Arizona, Tucson 85721, USA.. Abstract. Objectives were to determine net release or ...
Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena Animal Husbandry Cattle Diseases animal physiology View all 15 research output ...
Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomenon Animal Nutritional Physiology Animal Nutritional Physiology Phenomena Animal ... Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomenon. Animal Nutritional Physiology. Animal Nutritional Physiology Phenomena. Animal ... Nutritional Physiology, Animal Physiology, Animal Nutrition Physiology, Animal Nutritional Veterinary Nutritional Physiology - ... Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena Entry term(s). Animal Nutrition Physiology ...
Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena. (1 time). MY (3 times). PP (1 time). PT (1 time). ≫ ... 2009 Animal-based folk remedies sold in public markets in Crato and Juazeiro do Norte, Ceara, Brazil.. ≫ ... 2011 Medicinal animals used in ethnoveterinary practices of the Cariri Paraibano, NE Brazil.. ≫ ... 1955 The effect of nutritional state on photoreversal of ultraviolet injuries in Didinium nasutum.. ≫ ...
Keywords Pubmed: Animal Feed Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena Animals Chickens/growth & development* Female ... Institute of Animal Nutrition and Functional Plant Compounds Institute of Physiology, Pathohysiology and Biophysics, Unit of ...
Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena. en_US. dc.subject.mesh. Maternal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena. en_US. ...
Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena * Animals * Cattle * Dietary Proteins * Digestion * Dose-Response Relationship, Drug ...
Wang, M., Jing, Y., Liu, S., Gao, J., Shi, L. & Vercoe, P., 2016, In : Animal Production Science. 56, 3, p. 627-633 7 p.. ... Broad near-infrared spectroscopy calibrations can predict the nutritional value of ,100 forage species within the Australian ... Jahani-Azizabadi, H., Durmic, Z., Vadhanabhuti, J. & Vercoe, P. E., Feb 2019, In : Journal of Animal and Plant Sciences. 29, 1 ... Wang, M., Jing, Y., Wang, Y., Liu, S., Gao, J., Ouyang, J. & Vercoe, P., 17 May 2018, In : Animal Production Science. 7 p.. ...
  • In conclusion, treatment with IGF-I during the first half of pregnancy stimulates placental growth in both ad libitum fed and food restricted guinea pigs without affecting maternal growth while fetal growth is stimulated by IGF treatment only in ad libitum fed animals. (edu.au)
  • A large body of evidence from human and animal studies demonstrates that the maternal diet during pregnancy can programme physiological and metabolic functions in the developing fetus, effectively determining susceptibility to later disease. (plos.org)
  • Improvements in maternal nutritional status are arguably imperative for ensuring an appropriate pregnancy outcome in these vulnerable groups, but ethical boundaries limit these investigations. (elsevier.com)
  • For example, many experimental studies on model animals have reported the effect of a maternal obesogenic diet during pregnancy on the appetite of offspring. (ox.ac.uk)
  • Studies in sheep were initially based on animals grazing sewage-sludge treated pastures at various intervals during pregnancy ( Scientific Reports . (nottingham.ac.uk)
  • To respond to these problems we made major changes to the organization of nutritional phenomena for the 2016 Medical Subject Headings. (nih.gov)
  • Nutritional stress-induced implantation failure in newly inseminated mice: effect of the presence of stud males. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Refers to nursing animals whether nourished by their biological mother, foster mother, or bottle fed. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Its occurrence is a normal biological phenomenon, and it has been recognized as a balancing factor in nature. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The exact physiological function of polyP remains uncertain, although various biological functions have been demonstrated, including as a reservoir of energy and phosphate ( 32 ), a chelator of divalent cations ( 30 ), a capsule material ( 54 ), and a "channelling" agent in the phenomenon of bacterial transformation ( 32 , 48 ). (asm.org)
  • this phenomenon is the basis of the biotechnologically important wastewater treatment process designated Enhanced Biological Phosphate Removal (reviewed by VanLoosdrecht et al. (asm.org)
  • Perhaps it would be helpful to define stress and how it is managed by the body.Stress has been defined as 'the sum of all nonspecific biological phenomena caused by adverse conditions or influences. (flexpetz.com)
  • The effects of intrauterine environment on offspring adiposity and metabolism appear to be mediated by clear physiological mechanisms and do not seem likely to require an epigenetic mechanism. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • A fixed deferment period with increasing levels of nitrogen fertilization on signal grass pastures does not influence the average daily gain per animal, reduces the efficiency of the nitrogen fertilizer and negatively changes the structural characteristics of the pasture. (bvsalud.org)
  • Moreover, extensive accumulation of polyP has been detected in Escherichia coli in response to osmotic stress or nutritional stress imposed by either nitrogen, amino acid, or phosphate limitation ( 3 , 46 ). (asm.org)
  • Stimulation of the 5-HT system and its response to this challenge can be thus used as a measure of its function in both animals and humans 2,11 . (jove.com)
  • The present book assembles and connects (such) insights into a cohesive description of the multiple functions of dietary minerals in animals and humans. (foodengineeringmag.com)
  • The evidence presented in this paper appears to be supporting the hypothesis that this plant and/or its bioactive constituents can enhance learning and memory in health and disease in animals and humans. (hindawi.com)
  • An epigenetic phenomenon that is well-documented in humans and may be the first that springs to mind is genomic imprinting, whereby during germ cell development, regulatory regions of certain genes are differentially methylated and expressed depending on whether the gene is inherited from the mother or father ( 2 ). (diabetesjournals.org)
  • That grandparental nutrition status has been associated with diabetes and cardiovascular disease risk ( 17 ) hints at the potential capability of nutritional exposure to have epigenetic effects in humans, since only DNA is transmitted in this case. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Much of the data to support this association has been developed in animals and similar data in humans has been more limited. (nottingham.ac.uk)
  • Examines plant physiological processes that have application to ecological and land management issues. (uwyo.edu)
  • Using bTEFAP, the normal microbiota of cattle were examined using modern molecular methods to understand how diets affect gastrointestinal ecology and the gastrointestinal contribution of the microbiome to animal health and production. (nih.gov)
  • Successful range cattle systems are likely the result of retention of animals that best adapted to the grazing environment and thus were potentially more efficient. (oregonstate.edu)
  • Animals exposed to a variety of stressors may continually adapt, so energy expenditure is reduced and may tend to depart from the modeled beef cow in the 1996 NRC Beef Cattle Requirements. (oregonstate.edu)
  • Using these and literature records, we investigated physiological mechanisms that may explain the concentration dependence of sugar type preferences and compared diet preference data with foraging records. (edu.au)
  • This technique not only allows for dissecting the molecular and neural mechanisms of TPR, but also provides new insights into the fundamental mechanisms of the brain functions that integrate different environmental signals and regulate animal behaviors. (jove.com)
  • Whilst models of programming of physiological and metabolic function are well-characterized, the underlying mechanisms involved remain unresolved [8] . (plos.org)
  • Animal models including intrauterine artery ligation, maternal restriction of iron, protein or general caloric intake, provide invaluable tools to understand mechanisms linking early growth and later diseases in adult life. (isharonline.org)
  • In spite of long history studies of this phenomenon, demographic mechanisms of population cyclicity remain insufficiently understood. (frontiersin.org)
  • Further postdoctoral placements at the University of Edinburgh, UK enabled Dr Lea to extend his work into endocrine and immune influences on human uterine cells after which he took up a tenured post at the Rowett Research Institute, Aberdeen, UK where he focussed on nutritional influences on intra-uterine 'immuno-endocrine' mechanisms essential for fetal development using both rodent and sheep models. (nottingham.ac.uk)
  • Traditionally, animal farmers have used interventions that target living bacteria, modulating their population or killing them. (pigprogress.net)
  • Circadian rhythms govern a large array of physiological and metabolic functions. (jove.com)
  • 5. We observe also from the intense stress, two physiological phenomenon which conjugate the fall of all immune systems. (vladtepesblog.com)
  • However, 15N-enrichment alone more likely reflects extreme physiological stress. (intarch.ac.uk)
  • Research Interests: Gene-environment interplay, prenatal experiences, physiological responses to stress, pubertal development, parenting and parent-child relationships, development of behavior problems and substance use. (purdue.edu)
  • Other than studies done on unwanted behaviors that endanger the human-animal bond, there has been relatively little research published regarding stress and its effects on companion animals. (flexpetz.com)
  • While the assumption has been that the effect of stress on dogs and cats is not much different than other non-human animals, this may not be the case. (flexpetz.com)
  • In fact, some veterinarians would argue that even though environmental stress is lower for modern day companion animals (i.e. predation, starvation, injury and disease), overall stress levels are higher. (flexpetz.com)
  • All of these elements are important for proper physiological communication of a stress response and are needed in the diet for normal nervous and endocrine system responses to stress. (flexpetz.com)
  • It is important to know responses to stress and chronic disease might have predisposing nutritional factors, such as a nutrient deficiency, imbalance, or toxicity. (flexpetz.com)
  • As well as you care for your pet, it is still likely that your dog or cat encounters daily stressors that are unavoidable, but it is possible to minimize the effect stress has on your companion animal with a combination of exercise, nutrition and holistic treatments. (flexpetz.com)
  • Pheromone diffuses, sprays, or collars are effective stress reducers for dogs (D.A.P). Alcohol-free Bach flower Rescue Remedy are an option to try - you can pick specifically animal formulated flowers that are safe for your pet. (flexpetz.com)
  • A potential explanation for part of this 'aetiology gap' is the phenomenon of fetal programming [4] - [6] . (plos.org)
  • At the other end of the nutritional spectrum, undernourishing the adolescent sheep to gradually deplete nutrient reserves, results in fetal growth restriction which is independent of alterations in placental mass. (elsevier.com)
  • Ongoing research is addressing the hypothesis that maternal nutritional effects in developing oocytes and embryos, and procedures used in assisted reproduction, can program fetal development and adult health via heritable epigenetic changes to DNA methylation at specific gene loci in the oocyte and pre-implantation embryo. (nottingham.ac.uk)
  • However, plant-based proteins have less of an anabolic effect than animal proteins due to their lower digestibility, lower essential amino acid content (especially leucine), and deficiency in other essential amino acids, such as sulfur amino acids or lysine. (nih.gov)
  • We evaluated and discussed four nutritional strategies for improving the amino acid composition of plant-based proteins: fortifying plant-based proteins with specific essential amino acids, selective breeding, blending several plant protein sources, and blending plant with animal-based protein sources. (nih.gov)
  • Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is associated with numerous metabolic morbidities (insulin resistance (IR), central obesity) and various nutritional abnormalities (vitamin D deficit, mineral milieu alterations, omega6/omega3 PUFA ratio unbalance). (instituteofmineralresearch.org)
  • Obesity is the main nutritional problem and one of the most important health problems in developed societies. (isciii.es)
  • While epidemic obesity is mainly attributable to westernized lifestyle with excessive consumption of refined carbohydrates and fats and reduced physical activity, onset of obesity in children has been, in part, attributed to the fetus' exposure to disadvantageous conditions (i.e., hormonal and nutritional cues) during the intrauterine life which can exert a profound impact on the organism's later development, structure, and function. (frontiersin.org)
  • Research Interests: Nutritional status in obesity and following weight loss intervention. (purdue.edu)
  • The immune system of invertebrate animals produces antimicrobial proteins in immunocytes or in the fat body. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • In this review, we evaluate the ability of plant- versus animal-based proteins to help maintain skeletal muscle mass in healthy and especially older people and examine different nutritional strategies for improving the anabolic properties of plant-based proteins. (nih.gov)
  • phMRI is an adaptation of fMRI enabling the investigation of a specific neurotransmitter system, such as serotonin (5-HT), under physiological or pathological conditions following activation via administration of a specific challenging drug. (jove.com)
  • The latter involve mechanical and physiological injuries caused by chemicals, nutritional disturbances, inherited abnormalities (genetic diseases), tumors, predation, and the actions of other invertebrates. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Most of the evidence has so far been mostly collected with regard to psychopathological "endophenotypes" (i.e., the set of behavioral/physiological symptoms which result into more stable phenotypes of complex traits characterized by low level genetic variability). (frontiersin.org)
  • Regulation of gastrointestinal tract (GIT) function is a multifactorial phenomenon encompassing: a tailored diet, structural and functional integrity of gastrointestinal barrier, microbiota/host interaction, effective feed digestion and absorption, as well as optimal animal welfare and immune status. (pigprogress.net)
  • These fluctuations are accompanied by changes in birth and death rates, sex-age structure of the population, and individual morphophysiological and behavioral characteristics of the animals. (frontiersin.org)
  • Numerous diseases and pathogens of invertebrate animals have been described throughout the world. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Moreover, imprinting is not the only example of the phenomenon of parent-of-origin effects, whereby the sex of the parent influences what genes are expressed and in turn the risk for diabetes and related conditions. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • 1) Environmental and nutritional effects on reproduction using sheep models of human exposure and the dog as a sentinel species for the human, particularly the human infant. (nottingham.ac.uk)
  • Environmental and nutritional effects on reproduction. (nottingham.ac.uk)
  • Crocodiles are obligate carnivores - their primary diet is meat - and as such, fruits are often classed as anomalous food items when found in their stomach and not considered in a physiological context. (theconversation.com)
  • The values are suggestive of a C 3 terrestrial-based diet, with a substantial input of animal protein (meat, dairy etc.), but little in the way of marine fish or C 4 plants (maize). (intarch.ac.uk)
  • The descriptors "Diet" and "Nutritional Physiological Phenomena" along with their child descriptors were moved there. (nih.gov)
  • Dietary components and changes cause shifts in the gastrointestinal microbial ecology that can play a role in animal health and productivity. (nih.gov)
  • This novel accumulation of polyP by C. humicola G-1 in response to acid pH provides further evidence as to the importance of polyP in the physiological adaptation of microbial cells during growth and development and in their response to environmental stresses. (asm.org)
  • 41 ]). PolyP may therefore play an important role in the physiological adaptation of microbial cells during growth and development and in their response to nutritional and environmental stresses ( 3 , 32 , 39 , 45 , 46 , 61 ). (asm.org)
  • Physiological response of crossbred sheep under nutritional scarcity. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Nutritional scarcity during summer and winter is a major constraint for sheep rearing in the semi-arid tropical region. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Animal Reproduction Laboratory, Texas AgriLife Research, Beeville 78102. (illumina.com)
  • Re-evaluating the nutritional awareness, knowledge and eating behaviours of women attending a tertiary maternity hospital following iterative service redesign. (bioportfolio.com)
  • So there is some chance that these crocodiles are indirect eaters of fruit who feast on fruit-eating animals. (theconversation.com)
  • In many invertebrate animals, a prophenoloxidase-activating system can contribute to humoral immunity. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The study of invertebrate animals, which comprise more than 90 percent of all animal species and represent the most diverse approaches to life on earth. (middlebury.edu)
  • Animal studies report a nephron deficit in offspring exposed to maternal diabetes, yet are limited to models of severe hyperglycaemia which do not reflect the typical clinical condition and which are associated with foetal growth restriction that may confound nephron endowment. (edu.au)
  • This work is revealing that the control of body and organ size does not reside in any specific cellular or molecular mechanism but that it is a systems property in which cellular, physiological and environmental signals all contribute in inextricable ways to produce the final phenotype. (duke.edu)
  • Dr Richard Lea is an Associate Professor and Reader in the School of Veterinary Medicine and Science at the University of Nottingham and a Visiting Professor in the School of Animal, Rural and Environmental Sciences at Nottingham Trent University. (nottingham.ac.uk)
  • Understanding these influences makes it possible to transform current nutritional strategies, allowing farm animals to become more resilient to environmental and physiological challenges, while optimising their gastrointestinal functionality, performance and health, see Figure 1 . (pigprogress.net)
  • The methodological quality of animal studies is an important factor hampering the translation of results from animal studies to a clinical setting. (jove.com)
  • This book forms a technical introduction to all major and trace minerals in foods, including their chemistry, transport, absorption, bioavailability and physiological roles. (foodengineeringmag.com)
  • Inhibitory, moreover, was the odd assumption often to be detected in the writings of leading authorities that to view nutritional needs from the standpoint of energetics was not alone more convenient, but more scientific, and even more philosophical, than to discuss them in terms of the material supply. (nobelprize.org)
  • Based originally on the observation that birth weight associated with the prevalence of cardiometabolic disease [7] , significant support for its relevance has been provided by the re-creation of this phenomenon in a wide range of animal models [6] . (plos.org)
  • Such screens provide a scientific basis for the rational choice of foods to be more rigorously investigated in animal models of IBD. (ox.ac.uk)
  • So fundamental an aspect of the then dominant doctrine as, for instance, the law of isodynamic equivalence among foodstuffs, is at the most approximately true, and fails entirely when the equivalence is tested by physiological results rather than by purely physical data. (nobelprize.org)
  • Veterinary Clinics of North America - Food Animal Practice. (elsevier.com)
  • Journal of Animal and Plant Sciences. (edu.au)
  • Shoots (S) and roots (R) of U. humidicola (donor plant) were collected in a pasture established for more than 25 years on Haplic Planosol in the Animal Sciences experimental area of the Federal Rural University of Rio de Janeiro (Universidade Federal Rural do Rio de Janeiro, UFRRJ), located in Seropédica, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. (scirp.org)