Sports Nutritional Physiological Phenomena: Nutritional physiology related to EXERCISE or ATHLETIC PERFORMANCE.Elder Nutritional Physiological Phenomena: Nutritional physiology of adults aged 65 years of age and older.Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena: Nutritional physiology of animals.Dental Physiological Phenomena: Physiological processes and properties of the DENTITION.Digestive System and Oral Physiological Phenomena: Properties and processes of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM and DENTITION as a whole or of any of its parts.Reproductive and Urinary Physiological Phenomena: Physiology of the human and animal body, male or female, in the processes and characteristics of REPRODUCTION and the URINARY TRACT.Musculoskeletal and Neural Physiological Phenomena: Properties, and processes of the MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM and the NERVOUS SYSTEM or their parts.Circulatory and Respiratory Physiological Phenomena: Functional processes and properties characteristic of the BLOOD; CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM; and RESPIRATORY SYSTEM.Integumentary System Physiological Phenomena: The properties and relationships and biological processes that characterize the nature and function of the SKIN and its appendages.Reproductive Physiological Phenomena: Physiological processes, factors, properties and characteristics pertaining to REPRODUCTION.Physiological Phenomena: The functions and properties of living organisms, including both the physical and chemical factors and processes, supporting life in single- or multi-cell organisms from their origin through the progression of life.Adolescent Nutritional Physiological Phenomena: Nutritional physiology of children aged 13-18 years.Prenatal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena: Nutrition of FEMALE during PREGNANCY.Urinary Tract Physiological Phenomena: Properties, functions, and processes of the URINARY TRACT as a whole or of any of its parts.Maternal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena: Nutrition of a mother which affects the health of the FETUS and INFANT as well as herself.Child Nutritional Physiological Phenomena: Nutritional physiology of children aged 2-12 years.Nutritional Physiological Phenomena: The processes and properties of living organisms by which they take in and balance the use of nutritive materials for energy, heat production, or building material for the growth, maintenance, or repair of tissues and the nutritive properties of FOOD.Musculoskeletal Physiological Phenomena: Processes and properties of the MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM.Infant Nutritional Physiological Phenomena: Nutritional physiology of children from birth to 2 years of age.Virus Physiological Phenomena: Biological properties, processes, and activities of VIRUSES.Digestive System Physiological Phenomena: Properties and processes of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM as a whole or of any of its parts.Blood Physiological Phenomena: Physiological processes and properties of the BLOOD.Ocular Physiological Phenomena: Processes and properties of the EYE as a whole or of any of its parts.Nervous System Physiological Phenomena: Characteristic properties and processes of the NERVOUS SYSTEM as a whole or with reference to the peripheral or the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM.Cell Physiological Phenomena: Cellular processes, properties, and characteristics.Respiratory Physiological Phenomena: Physiological processes and properties of the RESPIRATORY SYSTEM as a whole or of any of its parts.Skin Physiological Phenomena: The functions of the skin in the human and animal body. It includes the pigmentation of the skin.Plant Physiological Phenomena: The physiological processes, properties, and states characteristic of plants.Bacterial Physiological Phenomena: Physiological processes and properties of BACTERIA.Cardiovascular Physiological Phenomena: Processes and properties of the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM as a whole or of any of its parts.

Infleuce of dietary levels of vitamin E and selenium on tissue and blood parameters in pigs. (1/2840)

Eighteen barrows approximately three weeks of age were used in a 3 X 3 factorial arrangement to investigate the effect of level of supplemental vitamin E and selenium on tissue and blood parameters. Tissue selenium concentrations increased in a quadratic manner with increased selenium intake with kidney tissue containing considerably greater concentrations than liver, heart or muscle. Supplementation of the diet caused a three-fold increase in serum selenium within the first week with a slight tendency to further increases in subsequent weeks. Serum vitamin E of unsupplemented pigs declined by fifty percent during the experiment, whereas supplemental vitamin E resulted in increased serum vitamin E. There was a considerable viration in percent peroxide hemolysis. Correlation of -0.63 between percent peroxide hemolysis and vitamin E intake and -0.85 between percent peroxide hemolysis and serum vitamin E were observed.  (+info)

Evaluation of life-cycle herd efficiency in cow-calf systems of beef production. (2/2840)

A deterministic beef efficiency model (BEM) was used to evaluate life-cycle herd efficiency (LCHE) in cow-calf beef production systems using four breed groups of beef cattle. The breed groups were Beef Synthetic #1 (SY1), Beef Synthetic #2 (SY2), Dairy Synthetic (DS), and purebred Hereford (HE). The LCHE was defined over the lifetime of the herd as the ratio of total output (lean meat equivalent) to total input (feed equivalent). Breed differences in LCHE were predicted with the larger/slower maturing DS being most efficient at each age of herd disposal and reproductive rate. This was mainly because, at any average age at culling, the dams of DS breed group were less mature and so had been carrying relatively lower maintenance loads for shorter periods and positively influencing LCHE. Higher LCHE was predicted with improvement in reproductive performance if there were no associated extra costs. However, this declined markedly if there was a delay in marketing of offspring. As average age at culling increased from 4 to 6 yr, efficiency declined sharply, but it began to recover beyond this age in most breed groups. We concluded that the slower maturing DS breed group may be more efficient on a herd basis in cow-calf systems and that improvements in reproductive rate not associated with extra costs improve life-cycle efficiency. Culling cows soon after their replacements are produced seems efficient.  (+info)

Structural changes in intramuscular connective tissue during the fattening of Japanese black cattle: effect of marbling on beef tenderization. (3/2840)

We investigated changes in structures and mechanical properties of the intramuscular connective tissue during the fattening of Japanese Black steers, using the cell maceration method for scanning electron microscopy. During the early fattening period, from 9 to 20 mo of age, collagen fibrils of the endomysium in longissimus muscle associated more closely with each other, and collagen fibers in the perimysium increased in thickness and their wavy pattern became more regular. These changes were closely related to the increase in mechanical strength of the intramuscular connective tissue and resulted in a toughening of the beef during the period. The shear force value of longissimus muscle decreased after 20 mo of age, concomitantly with the rapid increase in the crude fat content. Scanning electron micrographs of the longissimus muscle dissected from 32-mo-old steers clearly showed that the adipose tissues were formed between muscle fiber bundles, that the honeycomb structure of endomysia was partially broken, and that the perimysium separated into thinner collagen fibers. In semitendinosus muscle, in which the crude fat content was lower (P<.05) than that in longissimus muscle, the structure of the intramuscular connective tissue remained rigid at 32 mo of age. The shear force value of the muscle increased even in the late fattening period, from 20 to 32 mo of age. Thus, the development of adipose tissues in longissimus muscle appears to disorganize the structure of the intramuscular connective tissue and contributes to tenderization of highly marbled beef from Japanese Black cattle during the late fattening period.  (+info)

Processing, mixing, and particle size reduction of forages for dairy cattle. (4/2840)

Adequate forage amounts in both physical and chemical forms are necessary for proper ruminal function in dairy cows. Under conditions in which total amounts of forage or particle size of the forage are reduced, cows spend less time ruminating and have a decreased amount of buoyant digesta in the rumen. These factors reduce saliva production and allow ruminal pH to fall, depressing activity of cellulolytic bacteria and causing a prolonged period of low ruminal pH. Insufficient particle size of the diet decreases the ruminal acetate-to-propionate ratio and reduces ruminal pH. The mean particle size of the diet, the variation in particle size, and the amount of chemical fiber (i.e., NDF or ADF) are all nutritionally important for dairy cows. Defining amounts and physical characteristics of fiber is important in balancing dairy cattle diets. Because particle size plays such an important role in digestion and animal performance, it must be an important consideration from harvest through feeding. Forages should not be reduced in particle size beyond what is necessary to achieve minimal storage losses and what can be accommodated by existing equipment. Forage and total mixed ration (TMR) particle sizes are potentially reduced in size by all phases of harvesting, storing, taking out of storage, mixing, and delivery of feed to the dairy cow. Mixing feed causes a reduction in size of all feed particles and is directly related to TMR mixing time; field studies show that the longest particles (>27 mm) may be reduced in size by 50%. Forage and TMR particle size as fed to the cows should be periodically monitored to maintain adequate nutrition for the dairy cow.  (+info)

Production systems comparing early weaning to normal weaning with or without creep feeding for beef steers. (5/2840)

A 2-yr study was conducted to determine the effects of three weaning management systems on cow and steer performance. Cow-calf pairs were randomly assigned to one of three treatments, in which the steer calves were 1) early-weaned (yr 1, 177 +/- 9 d; yr 2, 158 +/- 21 d of age) and placed on a finishing diet (EW), 2) supplemented with grain for 55 d on pasture (yr 1, 177 to 231 d; yr 2, 158 to 213 d of age) while nursing their dams and then placed on a finishing diet (NWC), and 3) on pasture for 55 d while nursing their dams (yr 1, 177 to 231 d; yr 2, 158 to 213 d of age) and then placed on a finishing diet (NW). In yr 2, potential breed differences were evaluated using steers of three breed types: 1) Angus x Hereford (BRI); 2) Angus x Simmental (CON); and 3) Angus x Wagyu (WAG). In yr 1, EW steers gained 100% faster (P = .0001) than the average of NWC and NW steers, and NWC steers gained 32% faster (P = .02) than NW steers before weaning. In the feedlot, EW steers had lower intakes (7.70 vs 8.16 kg/d, P = .008) and better feed conversions (.170 vs .153, P = .002) than the average of NWC and NW steers. Marbling score was improved for EW steers compared with the average of NWC and NW steers (P = .003). In yr 2, EW steers had higher gains (P = .0006) during the entire study than the average of NWC and NW steers, and NWC steers had higher gains (P = .003) than NW steers. The EW steers had lower intakes (7.29 vs 7.68 kg/d, P = .0008) and better feed conversions (.160 vs .141, P = .0001) than the average of NWC and NW steers. The CON steers were heavier at slaughter than BRI steers (P = .01), and BRI steers were heavier than WAG steers (P =.0004). Early weaning improved the percentage of steers grading Average Choice or higher by 40%. The percentage of BRI steers grading Choice or greater was 21% higher and percentage of steers grading Average Choice or greater was 33% higher than CON. Cows with EW steers had higher ADG than cows with NW steers (.38 vs -.17 kg/d, P = .0001) before weaning. Cows with EW steers gained in body condition score (.23 vs .00, P = .04), and cows with NW steers did not change. Early weaning improved feed efficiency and quality grades of beef steers.  (+info)

Performance and carcass traits of early-weaned steers receiving either a pasture growing period or a finishing diet at weaning. (6/2840)

A 2-yr study was conducted to evaluate 1) steers fed ad libitum high concentrate after weaning (CONC), or 2) steers grown on pasture for 82 d, followed by high-concentrate finishing (PAST), on the performance and carcass traits of 74 early-weaned (117 d of age) steers. Potential breed differences were evaluated using crossbred steers of three types: 1) 3/4 Angus x 1/4 Simmental (BRI), 2) 3/4 Simmental x 1/4 Angus (CON), and 3) 1/2 Wagyu x 1/4 Angus x 1/4 Simmental (WAG). Steers were randomly assigned within breed to the two treatments. There was no interactions (P > .10), so the data were pooled over years. The CONC steers had an ADG that was .17 kg/d higher (P = .0001), intake 1.09 kg/d lower (P = .0001), and gain:feed ratio .013 unit better (.190 vs .177, P = .008) than PAST steers overall. Growing treatment did not affect total concentrate consumed (P = .97). The BRI steers required 31 d less than did CON steers (P = .008), and 23 d less than WAG steers (P = .05) when fed to a constant fat end point (1.1 cm). The BRI steers exhibited an ADG .16 kg/d higher (P = .0003), tended (P = .07) to have an ADG intake .49 kg/d higher, and exhibited gain:feed .01 unit better (.189 vs 180) than WAG steers. When compared with CON steers, BRI steers consumed 310 kg less total concentrate (P = .0003). No differences (P > .38) were observed between growing treatments for carcass characteristics or sensory attributes except that CONC steers tended (P = .11) to improve percentage of steers grading Average Choice or higher by 47% over PAST steers. The WAG steers had a 76-unit higher marbling score (1,000 = Small00, 1,100 = Modest00) (P = .006) than BRI steers, resulting in 19% more (P = .09) steers grading > or = Choice and 82% more (P = .03) grading > or = Average Choice. Liver (P = .15) and rumen (P = .01) weights as a percentage of hot carcass weight were reduced for CONC steers. The CONC steers had higher gain, lower intake, better efficiency, reduced liver and rumen weights, and consumed the same amount of total concentrate when compared with PAST steers. The BRI steers had less finishing days and lower daily intake compared with CON steers. The WAG steers had more days finishing, lower gain, lower intake, more undesirable efficiencies, consumed the same amount of total concentrate, and improved quality grades compared with BRI steers.  (+info)

Nutrient-specific preferences by lambs conditioned with intraruminal infusions of starch, casein, and water. (7/2840)

We hypothesized that lambs discriminate between postingestive effects of energy and protein and associate those effects with a food's flavor to modify food choices. Based on this hypothesis, we predicted that 1) lambs would acquire a preference for a poorly nutritious food (grape pomace) eaten during intraruminal infusions of energy (starch) or protein (casein) and that 2) shortly after an intraruminal infusion of energy or protein (preload), lambs would decrease their preferences for foods previously conditioned with starch or casein, respectively. Thirty lambs were allotted to three groups and conditioned as follows. On d 1, lambs in each group received grape pomace containing a different flavor and water was infused into their rumens as they ate the pomace. On d 2, the flavors were switched so each group received a new flavor and a suspension of starch (10% of the DE required per day) replaced the water infusion. On d 3, the flavors were switched again, and a suspension of casein (2.7 to 5.4% of the CP required per day) replaced the starch infusion. Conditioning was repeated during four consecutive trials. Lambs in Trial 1 had a basal diet of alfalfa pellets (e.g., free access from 1200 to 1700) and 400 g of rolled barley. Lambs in Trials 2, 3, and 4 received a restricted amount of alfalfa pellets (990 g/d) as their basal diet. After conditioning, all animals received an infusion of water, and, 30 min later, they were offered a choice of the three flavors previously paired with water, starch, or casein. On the ensuing days, the choice was repeated, but starch, casein, and barley replaced the water preload. The nutrient density of the infused preloads was increased during consecutive trials. Lambs preferred the flavors paired with starch > water > casein during Trial 1 (P < .05) and the flavors paired with starch > casein > water during Trials 2 (P < .05), 3 (P < .001), and 4 (P < .001). Preloads of casein decreased preferences for flavors previously paired with casein (P < .10 [Trial 2]; P < .001 [Trial 3], and increased preferences for flavors paired with starch (P < .05 [Trial 2]; P < .001 [Trial 3]). Preloads of energy (barley) had the opposite effect (P < .05 [Trial 3]). These results indicate that lambs discriminated between the postingestive effects of starch and casein and associated the effects with specific external cues (i.e., added flavors) to regulate macronutrient ingestion.  (+info)

Nutrient management procedures to enhance environmental conditions: an introduction. (8/2840)

The advent of concentrated, large animal production units presents a monumental challenge for the effective management of nutrients in animal manure. This symposium was organized to address the issue of the environmental impact of animal production and to offer suggestions on nutrient management procedures for reducing the environmental impact. There were four presentations on environmental concerns of animal manure that covered the topics of using the severe Dutch legislation that limits the amounts of nitrogen and phosphate in the manure allowed for application on cropland, potential for reducing odorous compounds in swine manure, alternatives to reduce the environmental impact of large swine production units, and, finally, perspectives on nutrient management procedures from a swine integrator's viewpoint. This introduction to the symposium highlights the major areas discussed within each of the four presentations.  (+info)

*List of MeSH codes

... cell phenomena, and immunity G05 - genetic processes G06 - biochemical phenomena, metabolism, and nutrition G07 - physiological ... animals B02 - algae B03 - bacteria B04 - viruses B05 - fungi B06 - plants B07 - archaea B08 - mesomycetozoea C - Diseases C01 ... nutritional and metabolic diseases C19 - endocrine system diseases C20 - immune system diseases C21 - disorders of ... chemical and pharmacologic phenomena G13 - genetic phenomena G14 - genetic structures H - Physical Sciences H01 - natural ...

*Osteophagy

This lack of protein during winter conditions can be attributed to the scarcity of animal proteins, a phenomenon that occurs in ... Therefore, it would be expected that the increased physiological needs of juvenile and gravid female tortoises would also ... Langman, V. A. (1978-01-01). "Giraffe Pica Behavior and Pathology as Indicators of Nutritional Stress". The Journal of Wildlife ... Most modern toy "bones" for dogs are actually rawhide, which is simply dried animal skin, as animal bones are actually ...

*Complementation (genetics)

The phenomenon has long been known in animals and plants. Heterosis appears to be largely due to genetic complementation, that ... "Physiological studies of conditional lethal mutants of bacteriophage T4D". Cold Spring Harbor Symp. Quant. Biol. 28: 375-394. ... and allowed the investigator to determine whether any two nutritional mutants were defective in the same, or different genes. ...

*Horizontal gene transfer

Both spatial and taxonomic proximity of species has been proposed to favor HTTs in plants and animals. It is unknown how the ... HTT detection is a difficult task because it is an ongoing phenomenon that is constantly changing in frequency of occurrence ... Competence for transformation is typically induced by high cell density and/or nutritional limitation, conditions associated ... enter a special physiological state. Competence development in Bacillus subtilis requires expression of about 40 genes. The DNA ...

*Olfactory bulb

During certain physiological states such as hunger a food odor may seem more pleasant and rewarding due to the associations in ... The OFC contributes to this odor-reward association as well as it assesses the value of a reward, i.e. the nutritional value of ... a phenomenon generally known as convergent evolution. "The increase of brain size relative to body size-encephalization-is ... Depression models Further evidence of the link between the olfactory bulb and emotion and memory is shown through animal ...

*Social immunity

Whilst the specific physiological mechanisms by which immunity is produced differ sharply between the individual and society, ... Allogrooming is found in many animals-for example primates frequently groom others, a behaviour which likely evolved for its ... Cremer was the first to do this systematically, and partitioned immunological phenomena into three categories: border defence ( ... larvae raised on these carcasses are smaller and in a worse nutritional state-at adulthood these beetles were also smaller, ...

*Sexual cannibalism

Animal Behaviour 85, 313-322 (2013). Gatz, A.J. Non-random mating by size in American toad, Bufo americanus. Animal Behaviour ... The physiological impacts of cannibalism on male fitness include his inability to father any offspring if he is unable to mate ... It is a phenomenon characterized primarily by members of most arachnid orders, as well as several insect orders. The adaptive ... The decision of a female to cannibalize a male is not defined by the nutritional value or genetic advantage (courtship dances, ...

*Springtail

This is a complex factor embracing both nutritional and physiological requirements, together with behavioural trends, dispersal ... Piper, Ross (2007). Extraordinary animals: an encyclopedia of curious and unusual animals. Santa Barbara, California: Greenwood ... Researchers themselves may be subject to psychological phenomena. For example, a publication in 2004 claiming that springtails ... In sheer numbers, they are reputed to be one of the most abundant of all macroscopic animals, with estimates of 100,000 ...

*John Yudkin

The first of these analyses produced no evidence for the view that total fat, or animal fat, or hydrogenated fat, was the ... His studies of the nutritional status of school children in Cambridge showed that supplementation of the diet with vitamins had ... His PhD thesis was on "adaptive enzymes" (subsequently termed "induced enzyme synthesis"). His account of the phenomenon ... following years the Department won an international reputation not only for the strength of its research in the physiological ...

*Puberty

Girls are especially sensitive to nutritional regulation because they must contribute all of the nutritional support to a ... Scientists believe the phenomenon could be linked to obesity or exposure to chemicals in the food chain, and is putting girls ... There is theoretical concern, and animal evidence, that environmental hormones and chemicals may affect aspects of prenatal or ... Mechanisms of these social effects are unknown, though a variety of physiological processes, including pheromones, have been ...

*Lactalbumin

The nutritional efficiency of these diets was normal and similar. The immune response of mice fed the L diets, was found to be ... Animals fed Purina diet for 20 weeks and then switched to either milk protein diet for a further 8 weeks exhibited a decrease ... This phenomenon can occur in the lymphocytes during the development of the immune response and in the muscular cells during ... Abnormally high ROS concentrations cause oxidative stress associated with tissue damage and dysregulation of physiological ...

*Effects of global warming on human health

Without these pines, animals do not have adequate food, water, or shelter, and the reproductive life cycle, as well as quality ... This diminishes nutritional content for both human and insect consumption. Studies have shown that when CO2 levels rise, ... Slow onset phenomena, including effects of climate change such as desertification and rising sea levels gradually erode ... Acidification has multiple implications on marine life such as physiological sensitivities, reduced metabolism, decreased ...

*Ectomycorrhiza

... from wind to mycophagous animals. Animals are often drawn to hypogeous fruiting bodies because they are rich in nutrients such ... Although physiological evidence of linkage is difficult to demonstrate, some experiments have been performed where carbon-14 ... Though this relationship is far from certain, there exist some hypotheses to explain the plausibility of this phenomenon: 1) ... Cork, Steven J.; Kenagy, G. J. (1989). "Nutritional value of hypogeous fungus for a forest-dwelling ground squirrel". Ecology. ...

*Cricket (insect)

Crickets are also reared as food for carnivorous zoo animals, laboratory animals, and pets. They may be "gut loaded" with ... Yong, Ed (2014-05-09). "The Silence of the Crickets, The Silence of the Crickets". Phenomena: A Science Salon. National ... Physiological Entomology. 8 (2): 151-166. doi:10.1111/j.1365-3032.1983.tb00344.x. Cade W. H. (1975). "Acoustically orienting ... probably providing a nutritional boost. Gryllus firmus exhibits wing polymorphism; some individuals have fully functional, long ...

*Prenatal memory

Upon hearing the tune, these newborns showed physiological changes, such as a decrease in heart rate. This observed change did ... Further research in this area is needed.[citation needed] Similarly to nutritional intake, drugs consumed by the mother during ... Thompson, Richard F.; Spencer, William A. (1966). "Habituation: A model phenomenon for the study of neuronal substrates of ... "Animal reproduction studies have shown an adverse effect on the fetus and there are no adequate and well-controlled studies in ...

*Decomposition

An animal can be preserved almost perfectly, for millions of years in a resin such as amber. There are some examples where ... Because of this nutritional enrichment the fauna of saproxylic insects may develop and in turn affect dead wood, contributing ... Forensic pathology studies the clues to the cause of death found in the corpse as a medical phenomenon. Forensic entomology ... Physiological Entomology: n/a-n/a. doi:10.1111/phen.12168 . ISSN 1365-3032. Anita, Tull (1997). Food and nutrition. Oxford ...

*Maternal effect

By studying both animal models and human observational studies, it has been suggested that a leptin surge in the perinatal ... A similar phenomenon occurs in the sea urchin, Strongylocentrotus droebachiensis. Urchin mothers in nutrient rich environments ... This displayed that birth weight may not be an adequate way to determine nutritional status during gestation. This study ... During an inflammatory response, a series of physiological reactions, such as increased blood flow, increased cellular ...

*Glutathione

Most of the work done on GGC has been preclinical, based on in vivo animal models, or in vitro brain cultures. In order for the ... Because direct supplementation of glutathione is not always successful, supply of the raw nutritional materials used to ... is one very specific example of this phenomenon. Additionally, compounds such as N-acetylcysteine (NAC) and alpha lipoic acid ( ... GSSG because its very low physiological concentration is difficult to measure accurately unless the procedure is carefully ...

*Semelparity and iteroparity

In addition to physiological degradation, pacific salmon become more lethargic as mating goes on, which makes some individuals ... Other semelparous animals include many insects, including some species of butterflies, cicadas, and mayflies, many arachnids, ... Cole, Lamont C. (June 1954). "The Population Consequences of Life History Phenomena". The Quarterly Review of Biology. 29 (2): ... Larva only feed in restricted periods of the year because of the nutritional state of their host plants (as a result, they are ...

*Zinc deficiency

Animal studies indicate that maternal zinc deficiency can upset both the sequencing and efficiency of the birth process. An ... Deficiency of other nutrients such as tyrosine, tryptophan and thiamine could contribute to this phenomenon of "malnutrition- ... a sensitive physiological marker of zinc status in vivo (Gallus gallus)". Nutrients. 6 (3): 1164-1180. doi:10.3390/nu6031164. ... a time of rapid growth and development when nutritional needs are high. Low maternal zinc status has been associated with less ...

*Triticale

... is useful as an animal feed grain. However, it is necessary to improve its milling and bread-making quality aspects ... Transferability refers to the phenomenon where the sequence of DNA nucleotides flanking the SSR locus (position on the ... Problems arise, however, because such polygenic traits involve the integration of several physiological processes in their ... nutritional quality and plant height, as well as traits which are more difficult to improve, such as earlier maturity and ...

*RNA interference

Although animals generally express fewer variants of the dicer enzyme than plants, RNAi in some animals produces an antiviral ... This phenomenon was labeled "virus-induced gene silencing" (VIGS), and the set of such phenomena were collectively called post ... Studying the effects of this decrease can show the physiological role of the gene product. Since RNAi may not totally abolish ... for the applications of RNAi in crop science for its improvement such as stress tolerance and enhanced nutritional level. RNAi ...

*Retinitis pigmentosa

Phenomena such as photophobia, which describes the event in which light is perceived as an intense glare, and photopsia, the ... Additionally, animal models suggest that the retinal pigment epithelium fails to phagocytose the outer rod segment discs that ... Future treatments may involve retinal transplants, artificial retinal implants, gene therapy, stem cells, nutritional ... and can detect physiological abnormalities before the initial manifestation of symptoms. An electrode lens is applied to the ...

*Serotonin

The amount of food that an animal acquires depends not only on food availability but also on the animal's ability to compete ... In 1952, enteramine was shown to be the same substance as serotonin, and as the broad range of physiological roles was ... a phenomenon known as quorum sensing. Outside the gut of a host, there is nothing that the entoamoebas provoke to release ... Nutritional and functional characterization of their content". Journal of Food and Nutrition Research. 50 (4): 229-236. CS1 ...

*Marine habitats

But among them are the largest and fastest of all marine animals, as well as the animals that dive the deepest and migrate the ... The phenomenon is explained by the likewise abundance of prey species which are also attracted to the structures.[citation ... Morphological and Physiological Adaptations: Florida mangrove website Archived 2012-02-04 at the Wayback Machine. Hogarth, ... Few species were originally considered to feed directly on seagrass leaves (partly because of their low nutritional content), ...

*Pain

... a person may report pain that cannot be detected by any known physiological measure. However, like infants, animals cannot ... subjective phenomenon, defining pain has been a challenge. In medical diagnosis, pain is regarded as a symptom of an underlying ... experiencing pain may exhibit withdrawn social behavior and possibly experience a decreased appetite and decreased nutritional ... Animal research: a moral science. Talking Point on the use of animals in scientific research. EMBO Reports. 2007;8(6):521-5. ...
Shop for LuckyVitamin.com Amino Acids Nutrition and read product reviews. Find cheap prices on LuckyVitamin.com Amino Acids Nutrition from a selection of brands and stores .
Replacing soya hull with a straw-based pellet in a calf starter ration could help increase daily liveweight gains by about 10%, a study has found. The tria
Our convenient formula is a great way to get the glutamine you need. But, to make sure youre getting your protein too, scoop L-Glutamine into your Impact Whey Protein, to help grow and maintain muscle.1. WARNING: Contains E110 which may have an adverse effect on activity and attention in children. Do not exceed the stated recommended daily dose. This product is a food supplement and therefore should not be used as a substitute for a varied diet and a healthy lifestyle. Store in a cool dry place, out of the reach of young children. ...
Wild & Woolly is a quarterly newsletter for sheep and goat producers and anyone else interested in small ruminants. Subscribe to the newsletter listserv if you want to receive an email when a new issue of the newsletter has been posted to the web. To subscribe, send an email to [email protected] In the body of the message, write subscribe sheepandgoatnews. Mailed copies of the newsletter are available for $10/year. ...
Did you know that you can trace much of your overall wellbeing to your gut health? Read on to find out more about gut health and how you can promote it.
The HealthCastle.com communitys main focus is preventative health - this is a place where women can find fun and practical diet tips to reclaim their health. We do not preach the ABCs of nutrition, because thats boring. Instead, we debunk diet myths and make sense of breaking nutrition news so that readers will learn the essence of healthy eating.. ...
The HealthCastle.com communitys main focus is preventative health - this is a place where women can find fun and practical diet tips to reclaim their health. We do not preach the ABCs of nutrition, because thats boring. Instead, we debunk diet myths and make sense of breaking nutrition news so that readers will learn the essence of healthy eating.. ...
Poultry producers face many challenges as they increase the number of flocks managed without antibiotics. Sound management practices and natural feed additives that support gut health will help producers manage the transition and protect flocks.
Poultry producers face many challenges as they increase the number of flocks managed without antibiotics. Sound management practices and natural feed additives that support gut health will help producers manage the transition and protect flocks.
In conjunction with a blood type diet, this line of targeted nutritional supplementation supports gut health and addresses digestive issues.
(NaturalHealth365) Did you know that gut health problems can lead to chronic inflammation, pain and compromised immunity? Discover natural solutions today.
Seasonal allergy sufferers in search of a natural relief for their symptoms will find Prebiotin is the optimal solution for maximum effectiveness. Shop now!
One of the biggest recent medical revelations is the vital connection between gut health and wellness. Ongoing scientific research suggests that the microbiome, the ...
21 September 2001 Video imaging can predict liveweight Silsoe researchers are confident they have developed a measuring method and computer-assisted model
One gut-health expert has mastered the art of weeknight cooking, with this incredibly easy, delicious, and healthy meal. See the recipe here.
Children start out life with an immature immune system. They can develop immunity with good nutrition, a healthy gut, exposure & other factors. Learn more.
4. INFLAMMATION………. **Remember you need carbohydrates, proteins, and fats to activate the Krebs Cycle. If you cant break them down, you cant get them into the vascular system, you cant get absorption. Need good bacteria in the gut for digestion.. ...
Hi Wray, Im battling E dominance and have been for a long time. Ive committed to 400 mg of Progesyerone just this week. I will do this continuesly for
Learn about what might be causing you issues with your gut and stomach during your runs and how to make your own running fuel to prevent problems.
Have you heard that everyone heals at a different speed? Well with this quiz you can speed everything up and make sure youre making the right moves.
Originally Posted by domore Found some dsade. Nice. It wont be long, but it is good to know that the OG is still out there for those who absolutely
Oleanolic Acid Nutrition Supplement, Wholesale Various High Quality Oleanolic Acid Nutrition Supplement Products from Global Oleanolic Acid Nutrition Supplement Suppliers and Oleanolic Acid Nutrition Supplement Factory,Importer,Exporter at Alibaba.com.
feed additives in animal nutrition for sale - 3104 - feed additives in animal nutrition wholesalers & feed additives in animal nutrition manufacturers from China manufacturers.
The use of feed-grade tryptophan (Trp) in swine diets has become more economical recently due to the increased cost of soybean meal and the increased usage of dried distillers grains with solubles (DDGS). Therefore, the objectives of this study were to estimate the effects of the standardized ileal digestible (SID) tryptophan:lysine (Trp:Lys) ratio on growth performance and economics of 25- to 45-lb nursery pigs housed in a commercial environment. A total of 1,088 pigs (PIC 337 × 1050; initially 24.8 ± 1.2 lb BW) were used in a 21-d growth trial. Pigs were weaned at 16 d of age and grouped into pens of 27 pigs (14 gilts and 13 barrows). Pigs were fed common diets until d 28 after weaning. On d 28, pens of pigs were weighed and blocked by average BW, then randomly assigned to 1 of 7 dietary treatments in a randomized complete block design with 6 pens per treatment. Dietary treatments contained 30% DDGS and were 14.5, 16.5, 18.0, 19.5, 21.0, 22.5, and 24.5% SID Trp:Lys ratio. The SID Trp:Lys ...
... - BellaOnline Nutrition Database - BellaOnline is committed to helping our visitors become healthy and happy. Our BellaOnline Nutrition Database will help you choose the healthiest foods for your chosen lifestyle.
... - BellaOnline Nutrition Database - BellaOnline is committed to helping our visitors become healthy and happy. Our BellaOnline Nutrition Database will help you choose the healthiest foods for your chosen lifestyle.
A qualitative study of adherence to nutritional treatment: perspectives of patients and dietitians Ronit Endevelt, Anat Gesser-Edelsburg School of Public Health, University of Haifa, Mount Carmel, Haifa, Israel Background: Effective interaction between care providers and patients is crucial for the success of most medical treatments; in nutritional medical treatment, it is of paramount importance. The aim of the present study was to ascertain the role of the dietitian–patient relationship and the counseling approach in influencing individual patient decisions to adhere to counseling by persisting with nutritional treatment. Methods: We conducted focus groups with two types of patients, namely, those who had consulted dietitians only once and those who had attended at least three appointments. We divided these two groups into 12 focus groups. In addition, in-depth interviews were held with 17 clinical dietitians. Our qualitative research was based on the perceptions of patients and dietitians.
... is dedicated to the development, production, and marketing of profitable, natural and differentiated solutions for animal nutrition and health. Our core products are live bacteria for direct fed microbials and silage inoculants, live specific yeasts, and high value yeast derivatives.
Mole Valley Farmers take animal nutrition very seriously. You can trust us to look after your livestocks nutritional needs by offering the highest quality feeds and supplements and our very best advice, whenever you need it.
Danisco Animal Nutrition, a business segment of DuPont Industrial Biosciences, has appointed feed additive specialist Angela Riemensperger to the role of regional technical manager responsible for Ireland, Germany, Switzerland and the United Kingdom.
US - The US Department of Agriculture has announced funding awards worth $6 million, in grants to institutions looking into farm animal nutrition and growth.
Richard Cooper, Managing Director, AB Vista, Hadden Graham, Technical Director, AB Vista and Mike Bedford, R&D Director, AB Vista discuss some of the key focus areas of development for the future within animal nutrition technology, highlighting the potential impact for customers and the marketplace.
DSMs Animal nutrition and health and our commitment to providing nutritional solutions for the production of quality food, while ensuring the health and welfare of the animals that produce it
FUMzyme, a purified enzyme from Biomin to detoxify mycotoxins in animals has won the AllAboutFeed/FIAAP Animal Nutrition Award. The runner up was Kemin with its multi-enzyme product.
Danisco Animal Nutrition has promoted Jose Manuel de la Fuente Garcia from business director to regional director of Europe, Africa, Middle East and India (EUROW region), effective August 1, 2011.
Results for animal nutrition equipment from Agashield, Agrimos, AGRIPUL and other leading brands. Compare and contact a supplier near you on agriculture-xprt.com
Evidence-based information including studies, news articles etc. about the role of nutrition, diets, foods, nutrients and supplements, in the prevention and complementary treatment of diseases.
Tantalizing Results For A Test Of Vitamin C For Sepsis Could the leading cause of death in hospitals be curtailed with a safe and inexpensive treatment that includes vitamin C? That question has been on the minds of intensive care doctors since the spring of 2017, when a well-known physician asserted that he was saving the lives of most of his patients with sepsis by using a treatment based on intravenous vitamin C.. ...
El Archivo Digital UPM alberga en formato digital la documentacion academica y cientifica (tesis, pfc, articulos, etc..) generada en la Universidad Politecnica de Madrid.Los documentos del Archivo Digital UPM son recuperables desde buscadores: Google, Google Academics, Yahoo, Scirus, etc y desde recolectores OAI: E-ciencia, DRRD, Recolecta (REBIUN-FECYT), Driver, Oaister, etc.
Another great diet and weight loss tip is to eat healthy protein. All protein is not the same and it doesnt have to come from meat. Try vegetable protein.
Mental Health and Protein Nutrition By Julia Ross -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Are you an
Perhaps as a farmer or feed compounder you believe that you know exactly what constitutes gut health. Yet defining gut health isnt easy. A healthy gut must be healthy physically, chemically and immunologically. It must play host to a bacterial population that also has a favorable impact on all those parameters. And all of these factors interrelate. Diet, disease and environmental management are just a few of the factors which can disrupt the balance of these contributory components and affect gut health. Even a subtle compromise in gut health can have severe consequences for the disease status, welfare and production performance of the animal.
Shop for poultry meals & appetizers and other gourmet food products at BHG.com Shop. Browse our gourmet food selections and save today.
Order Total Gut Health for Horses, 30 cc Paste to care for your animals digestive health. Total Gut Health supports normal digestion & improves nutrient absorption.
AbeBooks.com: Health Effects of Exposure to Low Levels of Ionizing Radiation: BEIR V (9780309039956) by National Research Council; Division on Earth and Life Studies; Commission on Life Sciences; Committee on the Biological Effects of Ionizing Radiation (BEIR V) and a great selection of similar New, Used and Collectible Books available now at great prices.
You will of course have an adjustment period of breakouts and irritation while your skin "purges" and acclimates to the medicine for a few weeks at the beginning. The breakouts are inevitable, BUT the irritation should be minimized to the best of your abilities. Dermatologists recommend starting your regimen with a small application once every other day or once every three days and working your way up. I can back this up from experience, along with my personal suggestion that you be patient! Theres no rush to get up to using it every day, and you can lay off every now and then when you finally do start using it every day without any drawbacks. Retin-A is NOT meant to be used on raw skin, and if your skin is dry and irritated it can actually make your acne much worse for much longer. The worst breakouts of my life were on Retin-A before I managed to get my skin balanced out on it. Tough out the adjustment period at the beginning, and if after the first month or two youre still having dryness ...
CYDECTIN Oral Drench is ready-to-use. Administer 1 mL per 11 lb (1 mL per 5 kg) body weight into the mouth of the sheep, using any standard drenching equipment. Check dose rates and equipment before drenching. Do not overdose. Do not mix with any other products before administration. Avoid contaminating the drench solution.. The recommended rate of administration for CYDECTIN Oral Drench for Sheep is 1 mL per 11 lb (5 kg) body weight to provide 0.2 mg moxidectin/2.2 lb (0.2 mg/kg) body weight. It must be administered based on the weight of animal being treated.. ...
Lallemand offers products to help horses face modern challenges, such as housing, competition and training. Discover microbial solutions for equine nutrition.
When it comes to calf health, producer soften focus on technical issues when the everyday details often cause calf health challenges.
Need for Nourishment body processes require the use of energy obtained from ingested food or stored fat animal must have food to store energy in fat cells
Potassium in Animal Nutrition Potassium has been recognized as an essential nutrient in animal nutrition since its importance was pointed out by Sidne...
Authors: Clauss, M.; Dierenfeld, E. S.; Bigley, K. E.; Wang, Y.; Ghebremeskel, K.; Hatt, J.-M.; Flach, E. J.; Behlert, O.; Castell, J. C.; Streich, W. J.; Bauer, J. E. ...
Great nutrition maintains your energy, but finding time for nutritious meals can be hard. Orgain makes everyday nutrition fast, simple, and delicious. Learn more.
1-Day course on the influence of nutrition and immunology on the gut health of pigs and poultry. The latest research insights and developments will be shared.
Low prices on By Protein Grams! All bars sorted into 3 groups based on their protein levels. Looking for a certain number of grams of protein in a bar? Weve sorted all our bars in the three categories shown in the left column to help you find low, medium and high protein bars.
This functional lab is top of the line for understanding your unique dysfunction/pathology. Learn about how to restore gut health in a targeted way.
Diet is one of the most powerful tools for our gut health. If youre trying to address leaky gut and microbiome, these are the 10 foods to avoid.
The road to better gut health needs to start with cutting back on sugar and processed foods, finding natural alternatives to antibiotic treatments, and detoxifying your organs are a few of the big ones; but if you want a good starting point, go with naturally probiotic foods.
Feed efficiency is the result of 3 main components: the quality of raw materials, the diet formulation and the nutrient absorption by the animal. To ensure optimal performance in terms of animal-growth parameters and feed-cost optimisation, a full range of nutritional solutions has to be developed.
GUT HEALTH CLEANSSE support Anti-Cancer, Digestive Health, Immune Health, Inflammation Fighter.this product also provide potent antioxidant support,
GUT HEALTH CLEANSSE support Anti-Cancer, Digestive Health, Immune Health, Inflammation Fighter.this product also provide potent antioxidant support,
Using digestive probiotics to enhance gastrointestinal function is a great way to improve your gut health. Learn how probiotics work and what they do for you here.
The role of bacteria in gut health is well known, but a crucial player, fungus, has been overlooked. BeWellBuzz explains the impact of fungus on the body.
When infections and inflammations happen in the intestinal tract, nutrient absorption is greatly reduced, and challenges like diarrhea, mortality and poor...
Alltechs natural animal nutrition and health products are reducing environmental impact, replacing traditional additives, and making producers more competitive.
Alltechs natural animal nutrition and health products are reducing environmental impact, replacing traditional additives, and making producers more competitive.
This leaflet gives a brief overview of the gut and how the gut works. The gut (gastrointestinal tract) is the long tube that starts at the mouth and ends...
The low-FODMAP diet can seem complicated, but this gut health expert breaks it down for you and gives you seven ways to optimize the diet for better results.
Effects of Dietary Lysine and Energy Levels on Growth Performance and Apparent Total Tract Digestibility of Nutrients in Weanling Pigs - Energy;Lysine;Apparent Total Tract Digestibility;Performance;Weanling Pigs;
Two experiments were conducted to determine the effects of feeding excess dietary CP to nursery pigs. In Exp. 1, a total of 105 nursery pigs (PIC TR4 × 1050, initially 22.9 lb and 35 d of age) were used in a 21-d growth assay to determine the effects of feeding excess CP from soybean meal to nursery pigs. The pigs were fed a pelleted commercial starter diet for the first 14 d after weaning, and the experimental treatments were fed for the next 21 d. Treatments consisted of 3 corn-soybean meal-based diets formulated to different CP levels: (1) 22.5%, (2) 25%, and (3) 27.5% CP. Increasing CP from 22.5 to 27.5% had no effect (P , 0.19) on ADG, ADFI, or F/G. In Exp. 2, a total of 105 nursery pigs (PIC TR4 × 1050, initially 22.1 lb and 35 d of age) were used in a 21-d growth assay to determine the effects of excess CP from dried distillers grains with solubles (DDGS) on nursery pig growth. The pigs were fed a pelleted commercial starter diet for the first 14 d after weaning and the experimental ...
The 29th Annual Florida Ruminant Nutrition Symposium will be held at the Best Western Gateway Grand, Gainesville, Florida on February 5 to February 7, 2018. The Florida Ruminant Nutrition Symposium is recognized as one of the premier conferences for gathering the latest information about advances in nutrition of dairy and beef cattle. The Symposium is designed for people who want to acquire current knowledge of diet formulation and nutritional management of dairy and beef cattle to improve efficiency of nutrient utilization, and animal production, health, and reproduction. Nutritionists, extension specialists, veterinarians, researchers, producers, and allied industry representatives will find the information in this symposium extremely valuable. It is also an excellent opportunity for networking with colleagues specializing in cattle nutrition. Each year a wide variety of topics focusing primarily on areas pertaining to nutrition of ruminant animals are presented. Participants have the ...
University of Helsinki, Faculty of Agriculture and Forestry, Department of Animal Science. Six experiments have been conducted to examine digestibility and feeding value of domestic Finnish fibre-rich cereals (barley and oats as compared to maize and wheat) and protein sources (rapeseed meal and cake, peas, faba beans, lupin seeds) for growing turkeys and to investigate effects of age of the birds (from 3 to 12 weeks of age) on digestion process and estimated nutrient digestibility and energy values. Besides, an objective of the study was to test applications of digestibility research methodology for turkeys. Total tract digestibility and apparent metabolizable energy (AME) was assayed in experimental cages using excreta collection, and a slaughter method was applied to sample small intestinal digesta for determination of apparent ileal crude protein digestibility (AICPD), jejuno-duodenal digesta viscosity and caecal volatile fatty acid (VFA) concentration. Digesta viscosity decreased and caecal ...
Growth Performance, Carcass Characteristics, Nutrient Digestibility and Serum Biochemical Parameters of Broilers Fed Low-protein Diets Supplemented with Various Ratios of Threonine to Lysine - Ratio of Threonine to Lysine;Broilers;Low-protein Diets;
A common way of measuring heat damaged protein is to analyze a feedstuff for acid detergent insoluble nitrogen (ADIN). This measures the amount of nitrogen that is bound to the indigestible part of the feed. ADIN is then used to calculate the bound or unavailable protein. As ADIN increases in a forage, the protein digestibility decreases. There is always a portion of the crude protein that is unavailable but that percentage will increase if heating has occurred. Forages with a ratio of bound protein to crude protein of over 12% have experienced significant heating and the available protein value should be used to formulate rations.. The ADIN analysis is widely accepted as a good measure of heat damage in forages. It does not, however, appear to be a good measure of heat damage in non-forage protein sources such as dried distillers grains (DDG). Both animal research and laboratory work shows very little correlation between ADIN and protein digestibility. In fact, with non-forage protein ...
... This report analyzes the worldwide markets for Phosphates in Thousand Metric Tons by the - Market research report and industry analysis - 10007113
A new website, www.feedpail.com, is now available for feed manufacturers and livestock producers to save time and reduce costs when buying bulk feed ingredients.. Dairy, beef, swine and poultry producers, as well as other bulk feed buyers, now have direct access to the feed ingredients they need through the free site. The free service allows users to see prices and availability of more than 50 bulk feed ingredients such as fats and oils, animal proteins, grain byproducts, minerals and more.. Feedpail was developed by Ryan Cooney, who wanted to create a quicker, easier and more enjoyable way to buy and sell feed ingredients. He says people involved in feeding livestock are considering a larger number of ingredient options today than ever before. But more and more these same people are limited by their available time and network of sellers they know.. Feedpail streamlines the price discovery and purchasing process of buying and selling feed ingredients. Anyone who buys or sells bulk feed ...
Cattle, sheep and goats have the ability to convert plant carbohydrates and proteins into available nutrients for human use, making otherwise unusable land productive. However, proper care of the land and its grazing animals requires a sound understanding of ruminant nutrition. This publication provides managers with tools and references to consider biological and climatological variables and make decisions that ensure the ecological and economic viability of a grass-based ruminant livestock operation.
The University of Florida Department of Animal Sciences will host the 2015 Florida Ruminant Nutrition Symposium Feb. 2-4, in Gainesville, Fla.
Biology Assignment Help, Animal nutrition - zoology, Anima l Nutrition Nutrition is the procurement of substances necessary for growth, maintenance and activities of a living body. The substances used for nutrition are called nutrients . There are two types of nutrition; autotrophic and h
Studies quantifying the differences between bulls and steers have generally shown that bulls gain more rapidly and more efficiently than steers and produce leaner carcasses. The average of these studies gave bulls a 17 percent advantage in average daily gain and a 13 percent advantage in converting feed to liveweight gain. Feed efficiencies reported in these studies were determined on animals fed to similar ages or weights. The effects of sex condition on feed efficiency of animals fed to a similar fat composition or marbling endpoint needs to be examined.
Nutritional treatment for depression gained acceptance by the American Psychiatric Association, compounding pharmacists support this goal through outreach.
This client is a market leader in animal feed manufacturing and animal nutrition within Asia, with 22 facilities across 10 countries. It employs over 24,000 people and has a milling capacity of 2.5 million tons a year. With the growth of the organization, they were finding it challenging to improve productivity, cuts back on costs and streamline processes. Therefore, they needed a system that would give them a holistic picture of the entire business operation across the 10 countries they operate in, and to integrate multiple sites to better manage the organization. They chose Fortude to implement the Infor M3 ERP to address these issues. Fortude managed to complete the implementation in just 10 months, which included training to the core team, end users and system administrators. The successful implementation benefited the clients purchasing, manufacturing, warehousing, logistics, cost accounting and finance operations. Read the case study to find out more detail.. ...
books.google.comhttps://books.google.com/books/about/Recent_Advances_in_Animal_Nutrition.html?id=APspAQAAMAAJ&utm_source=gb-gplus-shareRecent Advances in Animal Nutrition ...
books.google.comhttps://books.google.com/books/about/Recent_Advances_in_Animal_Nutrition.html?id=APspAQAAMAAJ&utm_source=gb-gplus-shareRecent Advances in Animal Nutrition ...
Chapter 41. Animal Nutrition. Jesse Couch Haley McKay. 41.1 Homeostatic Mechanisms manage an animals energy budget. Herbivores =eat mainly autotrophs (cattle, hares, snails) Carnivores = eat other animals (hawks, spiders, sharks) Slideshow 2203821 by elle
Import Data And Price Of Crude Glycerol , www.eximpulse.com Eximpulse Services will provide you the latest and relevant market intelligence reports of Crude Glycerol Import Data. You can find live data of maximum number of ports of India which is based on updated shipment data of Indian Customs. Only previous two days data will be seen on website. You can use this Crude Glycerol import data for multiple kinds of analysis; lets say Import price, Quantity, market scenarios, Price trends, Duty optimization and many more. You can go through some of the sample shipment records for Crude Glycerol import data mentioned above. Here on Eximpulse Services you will get all kind of free sample as well as detailed reports of Export/ Import data as per your requirement. To get in touch for any kind of enquiry related to free sample or detailed report contact on +91-120-408-4957, +91-120-408-4958,+91-120-428-4019.. Data post 2012 as per Notification No.18/2012 - Customs(N.T.) and does not have names of Indian ...
... , Bright Sparcs is a biographical, bibliographical and archival database of Australian scientists with links to related articles and images. It includes scientists who were Australian by birth as well as those who undertook significant scientific work here.
Disclaimer: These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. These products are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease. Product results may vary from person to person. †Compare price is the price compared to the manufacturers suggested retail price or estimated selling price of the same or similar item at full-price stores. See Pricing Policy for details.. Information provided on this site is solely for informational purposes only. It is not a substitute for professional medical advice. Do not use this information for diagnosing or treating a health problem or disease, or prescribing of any medications or supplements. Only your healthcare provider should diagnose your healthcare problems and prescribe treatment. None of our statements or information, including health claims, articles, advertising or product information have been evaluated or approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA). The products or ingredients referred ...
en] When compared to animals of the dual purpose type in the same breed, Belgian Blue double muscled bulls exhibit, at least, similar average daily gain with lower feed intake. The higher feed efficiency in the double muscled type is mainly explained by the composition of the weight gains, the muscle content is minimum 60 kg higher and the fat content 30 kg lower than in the dual purpose type when slaughtered at a similar liveweight. In both types, the dressing percentage and the lean meat proportion in the carcass increase with final liveweight.The chemical composition and the sensory characteristics of meat are also influenced by double muscling. The fat content is reduced and the polyunsaturated fatty acids proportion is increased in the double muscled type, resulting in a nutritional advantage. The difference in sensory characteristics could be, only partially, explained by the faster post mortem pH drop. The paler meat is mainly related to the myoglobin content. The advantage of the double ...
Muscle Protein Nutrition - Suplementos Deportivos. Cajas en esta pagina: Labrada - Efa Lean Gold 180gel caps, Betancourt Nutrition - Omega-3 Efa-Stack 270softgel. Pagina Actual1
Muscle Protein Nutrition - Suplementos Deportivos. Cajas en esta pagina: MuscleMeds - Carnivor 4lbs, Muscle Meds - Carnivor Mass 6lbs, MuscleMeds - Power Test 168caps. Pagina Actual1
Gel feeds can easy the weaning process for young pigs. Learn how to incorporate gel feeds into your weaning pigs diets for better nutrition.
Browse the Chicken & Poultry Meals section at Waitrose & Partners and buy high quality Easy To Cook Meals products today. Free delivery - T&Cs apply.
While the strategy used in the present study successfully led to the discovery of novel hypoglycemia-induced genes, this strategy nevertheless entailed several limitations. First, gene expression was examined in whole hypothalamus rather than in specific hypothalamic nuclei obtained by microdissection. The hypothalamus consists of a highly complex set of cells and circuits, and even anatomically close areas can exhibit opposite responses to nutritional manipulations (15). Examining gene expression in whole hypothalamus most likely precluded discovery of some hypoglycemia-regulated genes, and more refined analysis using microdissection is a goal for future studies. Furthermore, the present study entailed the use of a cDNA microarray that consisted of only 956 genes, far less than can be currently manufactured using oligonucleotide arrays. Therefore, it can be anticipated that in using such high-density arrays far more hypoglycemia-regulated genes may be discovered, and this too is a goal for ...
Solved: I would like to have my SAS statement checked (mainly the random error). I have a randomized complete block design; lambs were separated by
Promectin Plus Mini Allwormer Paste for adult Horses and one for Foals and Ponies. . Each is designed as a single-use tube so the full dose in the tube is delivered in one go - which means no dial-a-dose partial delivery. Promectin Plus Mini Allwormer Paste for Horses in formulated for horses in the liveweight range of 300kg to 600kg. Promectin Plus Mini Allwormer Paste for Foals and Ponies is formulated for animals in the liveweight range of 150kg to 300kg.
The pyrolysis and oxidation kinetics of distillers grains and solubles were determined using thermogravimetric analysis. The starting temperature of pyrolysis and oxidation of distillers grains and solubles increased with the increase of heating rate and initial moisture content. The pyrolysis and oxidation of distillers grains and solubles were completed at 650°C and 850°C, respectively, which were independent of the heating rate and the initial moisture content. The residual weights of distillers grains and solubles after pyrolysis and oxidation were 27.15% and 5.49% of the original dry mass of distillers grains and solubles. Thermogravimetrical analysis data was used to determine kinetic parameters of the thermal degradation of distillers grains and solubles. Predicted dynamic residual weights of distillers grains and solubles during thermal degradation agreed well with experimental data. Keywords: biomass, distillers grains and solubles, kinetics, TGA, thermochemical
Allowable limits for cereal ergot alkaloids in livestock feeds are being re-examined, and the objective of this study was to compare nutrient digestibility, growth performance and carcass characteristics of ram lambs fed a range of alkaloid concentrations, including the maximum currently allowed in Canada (2 to 3 ppm). Four pelleted diets were fed: control, with no added alkaloids; 930; 1402; and 2447 ppb alkaloids based on total R and S epimers. Eight ram lambs (30.0 ± 3.1 kg) were used to examine the impacts of dietary treatments on nutrient digestibility and alkaloid recovery from feces. Concentrations of dietary alkaloids evaluated did not affect nutrient digestibility or N metabolism. Excepting ergocornine and ergocryptine, recovery of alkaloids in feces varied among periods, suggesting that individual lambs may differ in their ability to metabolize ergocristine, ergometrine, ergosine, ergotamine and their S epimers. In a second experiment, ram lambs (n = 47, 30 ± 8 kg) were randomly assigned to
Introduction. Common measures of efficiency is feed conversion ratio (feed consumed/weight gain) or feed efficiency (weight gain/feed consumed). However, efficiency is highly associated with growth rate, leading to an increase in mature size, which in turn increases the maintenance cost of the breeding herd. It has been shown that residual feed intake (RFI) is independent from growth rate and mature weight, leading to the reduction of feed intake without affecting growth performance or mature size. RFI is defined as the difference between the actual feed intake and that predicted from the requirements for maintenance and growth (Koch et al., 1963).. The selection for reduced RFI will reduce feed costs and thus improve beef production profitability. It will also lead to less methane emissions, since a positive correlation exists between RFI and methane production, thus reducing the carbon footprint of beef cattle (Nkrumah et al., 2006). The objective of this paper is to give an overview of the ...
AGHAKHANIAN, F.; ZAREI, A.; LOTFOLLAHIAN, H. y EILA, N.. Apparent and true amino acid digestibility of artemia meal in broiler chicks. S. Afr. j. anim. sci. [online]. 2009, vol.39, n.2, pp.158-162. ISSN 2221-4062.. In order to determine the amino acid digestibility of artemia meal, five-week old male broiler chicks were given a semi-purified diet in which artemia meal was the sole source of protein. Apparent amino acid digestibility values of the assay diet, using ileal and excreta contents, were calculated using chromic oxide as indigestible marker. True digestibility values were calculated using endogenous output determined by feeding a nitrogen-free diet. The results showed that in determination of apparent amino acid digestibility of excreta, serine had the lowest (0.80) and methionine the highest (0.92) digestibility, while glycine had the lowest (0.88) and arginine and leucine the highest (0.95) apparent ileal digestibility. In measuring true excreta and ileal amino acid digestibility, ...
Three barrows weighing 45.0 kg, fitted with simple T-cannulas in both the duodenum and terminal ileum, were assigned to diets in a 3횞3 Latin Square design experiment to determine the effects of two calcium levels (0.8% vs 0.4%) on phytase activity and nutrient balance in growing pigs. The control diet contained 0.8% calcium, with no added inorganic phosphorus (0.45% total phosphorus) and no added phytase. The two additional experimental diets contained microbial phytase (750 phytase units/kg) and supplied either 0.8% or 0.4% calcium. With added microbial phytase, ileal and total tract digestibility of total phosphorus were improved by 20.9 and 13.8 percentage units, respectively (p=0.01). The apparent duodenal and ileal digestibility of phytate phosphorus were increased by 51.8 and 49.7 percentage units. (p=0.001). Lowering dietary calcium in the presence of microbial phytase increased the digestibility of phytate phosphorus by an additional 10.9 (p=0.001) and 5.7 percentage units for duodenal ...
There is increasing public pressure on intensive dairy operations to reduce nitrogen (N) excretion into the environment, which can be achieved by adopting on-farm feeding practices that enhance the efficiency of N utilization. One such feeding strategy that has received attention is feeding diets with oscillating crude protein (CP) concentrations, and studies with finishing beef cattle and growing sheep have reported improvements in N retention when oscillating CP diets are fed compared to static CP diets. This experiment was conducted to determine: 1) the optimum frequency of oscillating dietary CP concentration (i.e., 24, 48, or 72 h); 2) the effects of feeding oscillating CP diets on feed intake, milk production and milk composition in dairy cows; and 3) the effects of feeding oscillating CP diets on ruminal fermentation characteristics (NH3, SCFA and pH), microbial protein synthesis, ruminal outflow of nutrients and N balance in dairy cows. Eight Holstein cows (714 ± 36 kg body weight; 114 ...

Center for Theoretical & Mathematical Sciences   » PeopleCenter for Theoretical & Mathematical Sciences » People

Animal Nutritional Physiological PhenomenaAnimals • Anopheles • Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal • Antidepressive ... Nutritional Physiological PhenomenaNutritional Status • Oligopeptides • One-Carbon Group Transferases • Organ Culture ... Skin Physiological Phenomena • Skin Transplantation • Social Dominance • Species Specificity • Spermatogenesis • Spermatozoa • ... Padmanabha, H; Correa, F; Legros, M; Nijhout, HF; Lord, C; Lounibos, LP, An eco-physiological model of the impact of ...
more infohttp://fds.duke.edu/db/aas/math/ctms/faculty/hfn

Oral low-carbohydrate alcohol liquid diet induces experimental steatohepatitis in the rat.Oral low-carbohydrate alcohol liquid diet induces experimental steatohepatitis in the rat.

Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena. Animals. Cytochrome P-450 CYP2E1 / metabolism. Dietary Carbohydrates / ...
more infohttp://www.biomedsearch.com/nih/Oral-low-carbohydrate-alcohol-liquid/11599919.html

Preparation of Complementary Feeding in Spain: a Cross-sectional StudyPreparation of Complementary Feeding in Spain: a Cross-sectional Study

Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena. Nutritional physiology of animals.. Adolescent Nutritional Physiological Phenomena ... Maternal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena. Nutrition of a mother which affects the health of the FETUS and INFANT as well as ... Physiological response of crossbred sheep under nutritional scarcity.. Nutritional scarcity during summer and winter is a major ... Re-evaluating the nutritional awareness, knowledge and eating behaviours of women attending a tertiary maternity hospital ...
more infohttps://www.bioportfolio.com/resources/trial/218545/Preparation-of-Complementary-Feeding-in-Spain-a-Cross-sectional-Study.html

Study on the effect of T-2 toxin combined with low nutrition diet on rat epiphyseal plate growth and development. | CureHunterStudy on the effect of T-2 toxin combined with low nutrition diet on rat epiphyseal plate growth and development. | CureHunter

Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena. *Animals. *Bone Development (drug effects) *Chondrocytes (drug effects, pathology) ...
more infohttp://www.curehunter.com/public/pubmed20169345.do

Hostetler, D. E.<...Hostetler, D. E.<...

Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena Animal Husbandry Cattle Diseases animal physiology View all 15 research output ...
more infohttps://nebraska.pure.elsevier.com/en/persons/douglas-e-hostetler

Improving intestinal amino acid supply of pre- and postpartum dairy cows with rumen-protected methionine and lysine.Improving intestinal amino acid supply of pre- and postpartum dairy cows with rumen-protected methionine and lysine.

Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena * Animals * Cattle * Dietary Proteins * Digestion * Dose-Response Relationship, Drug ...
more infohttps://findscholars.unh.edu/display/publication74060

TSR - Allie: Result by abbreviationTSR - Allie: Result by abbreviation

Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena. (1 time). BCS (1 time). FL (1 time). HA (1 time). ≫ ... Plant Physiological Phenomena. (1 time). GCL (2 times). GDH (1 time). GlcDH (1 time). ≫ ...
more infohttp://allie.dbcls.jp/short/exact/Any/TSR.html

MY - Allie: Result by abbreviationMY - Allie: Result by abbreviation

Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena. (1 time). CI (1 time). DFS (1 time). FY (1 time). ≫ ... Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena. (1 time). PT (1 time). SCS (1 time). UV (1 time). ≫ ... Animal Nutrition Sciences. (1 time). ADFdeg (1 time). APDeg (1 time). CPZ (1 time). ≫ ... Nutritional Sciences. (8 times). RH (3 times). SA (3 times). TAB (3 times). ≫ ...
more infohttp://allie.dbcls.jp/short/exact/Any/MY.html

Search Articles | University of Toronto LibrariesSearch Articles | University of Toronto Libraries

Animals , Animal Feed - analysis , Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena , Animals, Suckling , Animal Husbandry , Bacteria ... Maternal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena , Age Factors , Rats, Wistar , Humans , Male , Folic Acid - administration & ... weaning age , activity , digestibility , calf , AGRICULTURE, DAIRY & ANIMAL SCIENCE , BEHAVIOR , FOOD SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY , ... Animal tissues , Aging , Age , Urine , Puberty , Dating techniques , Fetuses , Rats , Protein biosynthesis , Injection , Pools ...
more infohttps://query.library.utoronto.ca/index.php/search/q?kw=SubjectTerms:WEANING%20AGE

Search Articles | University of Toronto LibrariesSearch Articles | University of Toronto Libraries

animal nutritional physiological phenomena (305) 305 Filter by. Remove filter. nitrogen - metabolism (294) 294 ... Physiological and biochemical mechanisms were... SPIKELET FERTILITY , KERNEL DEVELOPMENT , THERMAL-ACCLIMATION , VACUOLAR ... Physiological properties involved in divergent cadmium (Cd) accumulation among rice genotypes were characterized using the ... Animals , Diet , Edible Grain - metabolism , Rumen - microbiology , Zea mays - metabolism , Acidosis , Histamine , Metabolites ...
more infohttps://query.library.utoronto.ca/index.php/search/q?kw=SubjectTerms:Edible%20Grain%20-%20metabolism

NAVER Academic > Search...NAVER Academic > Search...

Animal Feed, analysis, Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena, Animals, Bone Density, drug effects, Bone Development, ... Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Female, Follow-Up Studies, France, Humans, Longevity, Male, Nutritional Status, Urban Population ...
more infohttps://academic.naver.com/search.naver?field=3&query=Journal+of+medicinal+food+116%EA%B6%8C+5%ED%98%B8

NAVER Academic > Search...NAVER Academic > Search...

Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena, Animals, Colon, transplantation, Ileocecal Valve, Ileum, microbiology, Intestine, ... Animals, Base Sequence, Biphenyl Compounds, therapeutic use, Cytokines, genetics, Gene Expression, drug effects, Graft ...
more infohttps://academic.naver.com/search.naver?field=3&query=TRANSPLANTATION+57%EA%B6%8C+7%ED%98%B8

A forage-only diet alters the metabolic response of horses in training.  - PubMed - NCBIA forage-only diet alters the metabolic response of horses in training. - PubMed - NCBI

Animal. 2012 Dec;6(12):1939-46. doi: 10.1017/S1751731112000948. Epub 2012 May 4. Comparative Study; Research Support, Non-U.S. ... Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena. *Animals. *Blood Chemical Analysis/veterinary. *Diet/veterinary. *Dietary ... Department of Animal Nutrition and Management, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, SE-750 07 Uppsala, Sweden. Anna. ... Animal. 2012 Dec;6(12):1939-46. doi: 10.1017/S1751731112000948. Epub 2012 May 4. ...
more infohttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22717208

An experimental meat-free diet maintained haematological characteristics in sprint-racing sled dogs.  - PubMed - NCBIAn experimental meat-free diet maintained haematological characteristics in sprint-racing sled dogs. - PubMed - NCBI

Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena/physiology*. *Animals. *Blood Physiological Phenomena/drug effects*. *Diet, ... Animal Science, School of Environmental and Rural Science, University of New England, Armidale, NSW, Australia. [email protected] ...
more infohttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19480731

Evaluation of bacterial diversity in the rumen and feces of cattle fed different levels of dried distillers grains plus...Evaluation of bacterial diversity in the rumen and feces of cattle fed different levels of dried distillers grains plus...

Animal Feed/analysis*. *Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena. *Animals. *Bacteria/classification*. *Bacteria/genetics ... Dietary components and changes cause shifts in the gastrointestinal microbial ecology that can play a role in animal health and ... Ruminal and fecal bacterial populations were different when animals were fed DDGS compared with controls; ruminal and fecal ... to understand how diets affect gastrointestinal ecology and the gastrointestinal contribution of the microbiome to animal ...
more infohttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20729286

PRIME PubMed | Effects of wet corn gluten feed and roughage levels on performance, carcass characteristics, and feeding...PRIME PubMed | Effects of wet corn gluten feed and roughage levels on performance, carcass characteristics, and feeding...

Animal FeedAnimal Nutritional Physiological PhenomenaAnimalsBody CompositionCattleDietary FiberDose-Response Relationship, Drug ... Journal of Animal Science, 85(11), pp. 3079-89.. Parsons CH, et al. Effects of Wet Corn Gluten Feed and Roughage Levels On ... Department of Animal and Food Sciences, Texas Tech University, Lubbock 79409, USA.. Vasconcelos JT ... animals present at the bunk after feeding) was greater for steers fed CON (P , 0.01) than for steers fed WCGF. In Exp. 2, ...
more infohttps://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17609466/Effects_of_wet_corn_gluten_feed_and_roughage_levels_on_performance_carcass_characteristics_and_feeding_behavior_of_feedlot_cattle_

Body composition changes in male offspring.Body composi | Open-iBody composition changes in male offspring.Body composi | Open-i

Maternal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena. *Models, Animal. *Oxidative Stress. *Phosphoenolpyruvate Carboxykinase (ATP)/ ...
more infohttps://openi.nlm.nih.gov/detailedresult.php?img=PMC4232526_pone.0112991.g002&req=4

Tokushima University / Educator and Researcher Directory --- Mawatari, KazuakiTokushima University / Educator and Researcher Directory --- Mawatari, Kazuaki

Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena / Animals / Blood / Blood Glucose / Blood Pressure / Body Weight / Calorimetry, ... Animals / Caco-2 Cells / Disease Models, Animal / Epithelial Cells / Humans / Interferon-alpha / Intestines / Mice / Proteins ... Animals / Aorta, Thoracic / Arteriosclerosis / blood pressure / cholesterol / Cricetinae / Disease Models, Animal / Endothelin- ... might have physiological roles distinct from those of ET-1(1-21) in some hamster tissues.. (Keyword). Animals / Chromatography ...
more infohttp://pub2.db.tokushima-u.ac.jp/ERD/person/80408/work-en.html

Phenolics, phytic acid, and phytase in Canadian-grown low-tannin faba bean (Vicia faba L.) genotypes. - Semantic ScholarPhenolics, phytic acid, and phytase in Canadian-grown low-tannin faba bean (Vicia faba L.) genotypes. - Semantic Scholar

... high phytase activity of these low-tannin faba bean genotypes are beneficial/essential traits for their use in human and animal ... Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena. 13 Citations. 0 References. Similar Papers. Citations. Publications citing this ...
more infohttps://www.semanticscholar.org/paper/Phenolics%2C-phytic-acid%2C-and-phytase-in-low-tannin-Oomah-Luc/b896504ecabd361e98963197c51d3f0a2b11245a

Impact of the mother-nurse partnership programme on mother and infant outcomes in paediatric cardiac intensive care unit.Impact of the mother-nurse partnership programme on mother and infant outcomes in paediatric cardiac intensive care unit.

Maternal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena. Nutrition of a mother which affects the health of the FETUS and INFANT as well as ... Animals, Suckling. Young, unweaned mammals. Refers to nursing animals whether nourished by their biological mother, foster ...
more infohttps://www.bioportfolio.com/resources/pmarticle/2013551/Impact-of-the-mother-nurse-partnership-programme-on-mother-and-infant-outcomes.html

Little appetite for obesity: meta-analysis of the effects of maternal obesogenic diets on offspring food intake and body mass...Little appetite for obesity: meta-analysis of the effects of maternal obesogenic diets on offspring food intake and body mass...

For example, many experimental studies on model animals have reported the effect of a maternal obesogenic diet during pregnancy ... Animal, Eating, Female, Lactation, Maternal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena, Mice, Obesity, Pregnancy, Prenatal Exposure ... Animals, Animals, Newborn, Appetite, Body Mass Index, Dietary Fats, Disease Models, ... For example, many experimental studies on model animals have reported the effect of a maternal obesogenic diet during pregnancy ...
more infohttps://www.neuroscience.ox.ac.uk/publications/542120

Energy Intake | ISHAR OnlineEnergy Intake | ISHAR Online

Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena. Animals. Caloric Restriction. Diet. Energy Intake. Gene Expression Regulation, ... Adult Altered State Animals Consciousness Female Humans Hypnosis Male Middle Aged Psychological Psychophysiology Wellness More ... Dietary restriction (DR), typically a 20%-40% reduction in ad libitum or normal nutritional energy intake, has been reported ... 1) What is the relevance of this nutritional paradigm to human aging? ...
more infohttp://isharonline.org/tags/energy-intake

Dietary Sucrose | ISHAR OnlineDietary Sucrose | ISHAR Online

Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena. Animals. Arecaceae. Dietary Fats. Dietary Proteins. Dietary Sucrose ... Adult Altered State Animals Consciousness Female Humans Hypnosis Male Middle Aged Psychological Psychophysiology Wellness More ... Studies in animals have documented that, compared with glucose, dietary fructose induces dyslipidemia and insulin resistance. ... Here we employed a nutritional geometry approach to investigate the interplay among dietary fat, sugar, protein and antioxidant ...
more infohttp://isharonline.org/tags/dietary-sucrose
  • Phosphorus is an essential mineral for all animals, as it plays a major role in the formation of the skeletal system, and is necessary for many biological processes including: energy metabolism, protein synthesis, cell signaling, and lactation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Using bTEFAP, the normal microbiota of cattle were examined using modern molecular methods to understand how diets affect gastrointestinal ecology and the gastrointestinal contribution of the microbiome to animal health and production. (nih.gov)
  • Dietary components and changes cause shifts in the gastrointestinal microbial ecology that can play a role in animal health and productivity. (nih.gov)
  • Here we employed a nutritional geometry approach to investigate the interplay among dietary fat, sugar, protein and antioxidant- and polyphenolic-rich freeze-dried aÁai pulp in modulating lifespan and reproductive output in the Mexican fruit fly, Anastrepha ludens (Loew). (isharonline.org)
  • Studies in animals have documented that, compared with glucose, dietary fructose induces dyslipidemia and insulin resistance. (isharonline.org)
  • Department of Animal Nutrition and Management, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, SE-750 07 Uppsala, Sweden. (nih.gov)
  • Decades of research, mostly in laboratory rodents, have shown that CR consistently extends lifespan, reduces or delays the onset of many age-related diseases and slows aging in many physiological systems. (isharonline.org)
  • The aim of the method described here is to assess brain 5-HT function in free-breathing animals. (jove.com)
  • The importance of having sufficient amounts of phosphorus further resides in the physiological importance of maintaining a proper phosphorus to calcium ratio. (wikipedia.org)
  • It has been suggested that osteophagy is an innate behavior that allows animals to supplement their phosphorus and calcium uptake in order to avoid the costly effects of deficiencies in these minerals. (wikipedia.org)
  • This parallels the phenomenon of osteophagy in birds, in which snail shells are ingested by egg-laying females to supplement the increased calcium needed for eggshell formation. (wikipedia.org)
  • For many years the fact that some plants and animals are also treed under food has been source of confusion for searchers. (nih.gov)
  • Osteophagic behavior has been observed in pastoral and wild animals, most notably ungulates and other herbivores, for over two hundred years. (wikipedia.org)
  • Specific plant and chemical headings were removed from underneath "Food and Beverages" because many of the citations indexed with them were not about food or nutritional topics. (nih.gov)
  • This work is revealing that the control of body and organ size does not reside in any specific cellular or molecular mechanism but that it is a systems property in which cellular, physiological and environmental signals all contribute in inextricable ways to produce the final phenotype. (duke.edu)
  • The methodological quality of animal studies is an important factor hampering the translation of results from animal studies to a clinical setting. (jove.com)
  • Systematic reviews of animal studies may provide a suitable method to assess and thereby improve their methodological quality. (jove.com)
  • The most beneficial way to treat giardiasis naturally may be through a combination approach, utilizing both nutritional interventions and phytotherapeutic agents. (isharonline.org)