Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid
Induction of bovine polioencephalomalacia with a feeding system based on molasses and urea. (1/6328)Polioencephalomalacia (PEM), a disease first described in the United States and related to intensive beef production, appeared in Cuba coincident with the use of a new, molasses-urea-based diet to fatten bulls. Because the only experimental means so far of reproducing PEM has been with amprolium, a structural analog of thiamin, the present study attempted to induce the disease using the molasses-urea-based diet. Six Holstein bulls (200-300 kg) were studied during consumption of three successive diets: 1) commercial molasses-urea-restricted forage diet of Cuban feedlots, 2) a period in which forage was gradually withdrawn and 3) a forage-free diet composed only of molasses, urea and fish meal. PEM was reproduced in this way. At ten-day intervals, blood concentrations of glucose, lactate, pyruvate and urea were measured, as well as when clinical signs of PEM appeared. The signs, clinical course and lesions of the experimentally induced disease were comparable to those of field cases. The biochemical results suggested a block in pyruvate oxidation as in PEM elsewhere in the world. No evidence existed of urea intoxication. In addition, brain and liver concentration of total thiamin from field cases and normal animals were found to be similar. (+info)
Fusariotoxicosis from barley in British Columbia. I. Natural occurrence and diagnosis. (2/6328)Clinical sickness was observed in domestic ducks, geese, horses and swine during October 1973. All species showed upper alimentary distress with mortalities occurring in the geese. Barley derived from a common source had been fed. Examination of the barley revealed invasion by Fusarium spp and detection of a high level of dermatitic fusariotoxins. (+info)
Mercury and mink. I. The use of mercury contaminated fish as a food for ranch mink. (3/6328)Adult female and juvenile ranch mink were fed rations containing 50 and 75% of fish containing 0.44 ppm total mercury over a 145 day period. There was no clinical or pathological evidence of intoxication in these animals and mercury concentrations in tissue appeared to be at a level below that associated with toxicity. (+info)
Mycotoxin determinations on animal feedstuffs and tissues in Western Canada. (4/6328)Results of examination of specimens of plant or animal origin for various mycotoxins are presented. Analyses for aflatoxins and ochratoxins were most frequently requested, usually on the basis of visible mouldiness. Aflatoxin B1 was found in one of 100 specimens at a level of 50 ppb in a sample of alfalfa brome hay. Ochratoxin A was detected in seven of 95 specimens comprising six samples of wheat at levels between 30 and 6000 ppb and one sample of hay at a level of 30 ppb. An overall detection rate of 4.2% involving significant levels of potent mycotoxins suggests that acute or chronic mycotoxicoses may occur in farm livestock or poultry more frequently than presently diagnosied. (+info)
Pathological changes in chickens, ducks and turkeys fed high levels of rapeseed oil. (5/6328)Rations containing 25% of either regular rapeseed oil (36% erucic acid), Oro rapeseed oil (1.9% erucic acid), soybean oil or a mixture of lard and corn oil were fed to chickens, ducks and turkeys. The regular rapeseed oil ration caused growth depression, increased feed conversion and anemia in all species. All the ducks and some of the chickens fed the regular rapeseed oil ration died. These dead birds were affected with hydropericardium and ascites. No deaths in the turkeys could be attributed to the regular rapeseed oil ration but some turkeys fed this ration had degenerative foci characterized by infiltrations of histiocytic and giant cells in the myocardium. Severe fatty change in the heart, skeletal muscles, spleen and kidney was found at an early age in all birds fed the regular rapeseed oil ration. Less severe fatty change but no other lesions were found in birds fed the Oro rapeseed oil and soybean oil rations. (+info)
Postweaning performance of calves from Angus, Brahman, and reciprocal-cross cows grazing endophyte-infected tall fescue or common bermudagrass. (6/6328)Data from 403 Polled Hereford-sired calves from Angus, Brahman, and reciprocal-cross cows were used to evaluate the effects of preweaning forage environment on postweaning performance. Calves were spring-born in 1991 to 1994 and managed on either endophyte-infected tall fescue (E+) or common bermudagrass (BG) during the preweaning phase. After weaning, calves were shipped to the Grazinglands Research Laboratory, El Reno, OK and stratified to one of two winter stocker treatments by breed and preweaning forage; stocker treatments were winter wheat pasture (WW) or native range plus supplemental CP (NR). Each stocker treatment was terminated in March, calves grazed cool-season grasses, and calves were then moved to a feedlot phase in June. In the feedlot phase, calves were fed to approximately 10 mm fat over the 12th rib and averaged approximately 115 d on feed. When finished, calves were weighed and shipped to Amarillo, TX for slaughter. Averaged over calf breed group, calves from E+ gained faster during the stocker phase (P<.10), had lighter starting and finished weights on feed (P< .01), lighter carcass weights (P<.01), and smaller longissimus muscle areas (P<.05) than calves from BG. Calves from E+ were similar to calves from BG in feedlot ADG, percentage kidney, heart, and pelvic fat, fat thickness over 12th rib, yield grade, marbling score, and dressing percentage. Maternal heterosis was larger in calves from E+ for starting weight on feed (P<.01), finished weight (P<.10), and carcass weight (P<.16). These data suggest that few carryover effects from tall fescue preweaning environments exist, other than lighter, but acceptable, weights through slaughter. These data further suggest that the tolerance to E+ in calves from reciprocal-cross cows, expressed in weaning weights, moderated postweaning weight differences between E+ and BG compared to similar comparisons in calves from purebred cows. (+info)
Antioxidative and oxidative status in muscles of pigs fed rapeseed oil, vitamin E, and copper. (7/6328)The susceptibility of a given muscle tissue to lipid oxidation may not only depend on the presence of unsaturated fatty acids and the balance between antioxidants and prooxidants, but also on the composition of the skeletal muscle. In the present study, the effects of dietary supplementation of vitamin E (dl-alpha-tocopheryl acetate) and copper in combination with a high level of monounsaturated fatty acids were examined with regard to the antioxidant concentration and the susceptibility to lipid oxidation of two muscles, longissimus (LD) and psoas major (PM), representing different oxidative capacity. In addition, fatty acid profiles of the backfat and the intramuscular lipids, as well as fresh meat quality traits, were studied. Pigs were allotted to a 3x3 factorial experiment with three levels of dl-alpha-tocopheryl acetate (0, 100, and 200 mg/kg of feed) and three levels of copper (0, 35, and 175 mg/kg of feed) added to a diet containing 6% rapeseed oil. A basal diet (without rapeseed oil) was added to the experimental design, giving a total of 10 dietary treatments. Muscle alpha-tocopherol concentrations increased (P<.001) with increasing dl-alpha-tocopheryl acetate in the feed. The antioxidative status was higher in PM than in LD, when considering the concentration of alpha-tocopherol (P<.001) and the activity of antioxidant enzymes (superoxide dismutase, P<.001; glutathione peroxidase, P = .06). Supplemental copper did not give rise to any deposition of copper in muscle tissue or backfat, but the antioxidant status of PM increased. The susceptibility to lipid oxidation was reduced in LD with increasing dietary dl-alpha-tocopheryl acetate and in PM with increasing dietary copper. Supplemental dl-alpha-tocopherol acetate improved the water-holding capacity of LD (P = .005) and PM (P = .003). The fatty acid composition of the backfat and the triglyceride fraction of the intramuscular fat became more unsaturated with the addition of rapeseed oil to the feed. Higher intakes of monounsaturated fatty acids due to the rapeseed oil were also reflected in the phospholipid fraction of the intramuscular fat, but no influence on the proportion of saturated fatty acids was seen. The susceptibility to lipid oxidation of PM was lower for pigs on the rapeseed oil-based diet than for those on the basal diet. The energy metabolic status of the muscles and the accumulation of calcium by the sarcoplasmic reticulum were not influenced by the dietary treatments, but there were differences between muscle types. The addition of rapeseed oil to the diet reduced the muscular content of glycogen (LD, P = .02; PM, P = .06) and elevated the plasma concentration of free fatty acids (P = .05). Overall, dietary fat, dl-alpha-tocopherol acetate, and copper affected the oxidative status of pig muscles, and the results differed depending on muscle type. (+info)
Manipulation of the type of fat consumed by growing pigs affects plasma and mononuclear cell fatty acid compositions and lymphocyte and phagocyte functions. (8/6328)To investigate the immunological effect of feeding pigs different dietary lipids, 3-wk-old, weaned pigs were fed for 40 d on one of five diets, which differed only in the type of oil present (the oil contributed 5% by weight of the diet and the total fat content of the diets was 8% by weight). The oils used were soybean (control diet), high-oleic sunflower oil (HOSO), sunflower oil (SO), canola oil (CO), and fish oil (FO; rich in long-chain [n-3] polyunsaturared fatty acids). There were no significant differences in initial or final animal weights, weight gains, or health scores among the groups. There were no significant differences in the concentration of anti-Escherichia coli vaccine antibodies in the gut lumens of pigs fed the different diets. The fatty acid composition of the diet markedly affected the fatty acid composition of the plasma and of mononuclear cells (a mixture of lymphocytes, monocytes, and macrophages) prepared from the blood, lymph nodes, or thymus. The FO feeding resulted in a significant increase in the number of circulating granulocytes. The FO feeding significantly decreased the proportion of phagocytes engaged in uptake of E. coli and decreased the activity of those phagocytes that were active. The proliferation of lymphocytes in cultures of whole blood from pigs fed the HOSO, SO, or FO diets was less than in those from pigs fed the CO diet. Proliferation of lymph node lymphocytes from SO- or FO-fed pigs was less than that from control, CO-, or HOSO-fed pigs. The natural killer cell activity of blood lymphocytes from pigs fed the FO diet was significantly reduced compared with those from pigs fed the CO diet. The concentration of PGE2 in the medium of cultured blood, lymph node, or thymic mononuclear cells was lower if the cells came from pigs fed the FO diet. Thus, the type of oil included in the diet of growing pigs affects the numbers and functional activities of immune cells in different body compartments. (+info)
Some common types of mycotoxicosis include:
1. Aflatoxicosis: caused by the ingestion of aflatoxins, which are produced by certain types of Aspergillus mold that grow on nuts, grains, and other crops. Aflatoxins can cause liver damage, growth retardation, and cancer in animals and humans.
2. Ochratoxicosis: caused by the ingestion of ochratoxin A, which is produced by certain types of Aspergillus and Penicillium mold that grow on grapes, wheat, and other crops. Ochratoxin A can cause kidney damage and cancer in animals and humans.
3. Fusarium toxicosis: caused by the ingestion of fusarin C, which is produced by certain types of Fusarium mold that grow on grains, corn, and other crops. Fusarin C can cause vomiting, diarrhea, and death in animals and humans.
4. Zearalenone toxicosis: caused by the ingestion of zearalenone, which is produced by certain types of Fusarium mold that grow on wheat, oats, and other grains. Zearalenone can cause reproductive problems and estrogen-like effects in animals and humans.
Symptoms of mycotoxicosis can vary depending on the type and amount of mycotoxin consumed, but may include:
* Nausea and vomiting
* Abdominal pain
* Loss of appetite
* Skin rashes or lesions
* Respiratory problems
* Liver damage
* Kidney damage
Mycotoxicosis can be diagnosed through a combination of physical examination, medical history, and laboratory tests such as blood tests or urine tests. Treatment typically involves supportive care, such as fluids and medication to manage symptoms, and in severe cases, hospitalization may be necessary.
Prevention of mycotoxicosis is key, and this can be achieved through a combination of proper food storage, handling, and preparation practices, as well as regular testing for the presence of mycotoxins. Some ways to prevent mycotoxicosis include:
1. Store food properly: Keep food in a cool, dry place, and avoid storing it in damp or humid environments.
2. Check for mold: Regularly check food for visible signs of mold, and discard any food that is past its expiration date or has an off smell.
3. Clean and sanitize: Keep cooking surfaces and utensils clean and sanitized to prevent the growth of mold and other microorganisms.
4. Use proper cooking methods: Cook food thoroughly, especially grains and legumes, to reduce the risk of mycotoxin contamination.
5. Avoid consuming moldy foods: Do not consume foods that have visible signs of mold or have an off smell.
6. Use airtight storage containers: Store food in airtight containers to prevent moisture and other microorganisms from entering the food.
7. Regularly test for mycotoxins: Test foods regularly for the presence of mycotoxins, especially in areas where mycotoxin-producing molds are common.
8. Improve ventilation: Improve ventilation in storage and processing facilities to reduce the risk of mycotoxin production.
9. Use mycotoxin-detecting tools: Use tools such as mycotoxin test kits to detect the presence of mycotoxins in foods.
10. Educate consumers: Educate consumers about the risks of mycotoxicosis and the proper handling and preparation of food to prevent the condition.
Overall, prevention of mycotoxicosis is a multi-faceted approach that involves proper food storage, handling, and preparation practices, as well as regular testing for the presence of mycotoxins. By taking these steps, consumers can reduce their risk of exposure to mycotoxins and protect their health.
Prevention of Salmonella Infections includes proper food handling and storage practices, such as cooking foods to the correct temperature, storing foods at the right refrigerator temperature, and washing hands frequently. Vaccines are also available for people who are at high risk of developing severe Salmonella infections.
Complications of a Salmonella Infection can include dehydration, bacteremia (the presence of bacteria in the bloodstream), and meningitis (inflammation of the lining around the brain and spinal cord). In rare cases, a Salmonella infection can lead to long-term health problems such as irritable bowel syndrome or reactive arthritis.
Overall, prompt treatment and proper prevention measures are important for reducing the risk of complications from a Salmonella infection.
There are several different types of weight gain, including:
1. Clinical obesity: This is defined as a BMI of 30 or higher, and is typically associated with a range of serious health problems, such as heart disease, type 2 diabetes, and certain types of cancer.
2. Central obesity: This refers to excess fat around the waistline, which can increase the risk of health problems such as heart disease and type 2 diabetes.
3. Muscle gain: This occurs when an individual gains weight due to an increase in muscle mass, rather than fat. This type of weight gain is generally considered healthy and can improve overall fitness and athletic performance.
4. Fat gain: This occurs when an individual gains weight due to an increase in body fat, rather than muscle or bone density. Fat gain can increase the risk of health problems such as heart disease and type 2 diabetes.
Weight gain can be measured using a variety of methods, including:
1. Body mass index (BMI): This is a widely used measure of weight gain that compares an individual's weight to their height. A BMI of 18.5-24.9 is considered normal, while a BMI of 25-29.9 is considered overweight, and a BMI of 30 or higher is considered obese.
2. Waist circumference: This measures the distance around an individual's waistline and can be used to assess central obesity.
3. Skinfold measurements: These involve measuring the thickness of fat at specific points on the body, such as the abdomen or thighs.
4. Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA): This is a non-invasive test that uses X-rays to measure bone density and body composition.
5. Bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA): This is a non-invasive test that uses electrical impulses to measure body fat percentage and other physiological parameters.
Causes of weight gain:
1. Poor diet: Consuming high amounts of processed foods, sugar, and saturated fats can lead to weight gain.
2. Lack of physical activity: Engaging in regular exercise can help burn calories and maintain a healthy weight.
3. Genetics: An individual's genetic makeup can affect their metabolism and body composition, making them more prone to weight gain.
4. Hormonal imbalances: Imbalances in hormones such as insulin, thyroid, and cortisol can contribute to weight gain.
5. Medications: Certain medications, such as steroids and antidepressants, can cause weight gain as a side effect.
6. Sleep deprivation: Lack of sleep can disrupt hormones that regulate appetite and metabolism, leading to weight gain.
7. Stress: Chronic stress can lead to emotional eating and weight gain.
8. Age: Metabolism slows down with age, making it more difficult to maintain a healthy weight.
9. Medical conditions: Certain medical conditions such as hypothyroidism, Cushing's syndrome, and polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) can also contribute to weight gain.
Treatment options for obesity:
1. Lifestyle modifications: A combination of diet, exercise, and stress management techniques can help individuals achieve and maintain a healthy weight.
2. Medications: Prescription medications such as orlistat, phentermine-topiramate, and liraglutide can aid in weight loss.
3. Bariatric surgery: Surgical procedures such as gastric bypass surgery and sleeve gastrectomy can be effective for severe obesity.
4. Behavioral therapy: Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) and other forms of counseling can help individuals develop healthy eating habits and improve their physical activity levels.
5. Meal replacement plans: Meal replacement plans such as Medifast can provide individuals with a structured diet that is high in protein, fiber, and vitamins, and low in calories and sugar.
6. Weight loss supplements: Supplements such as green tea extract, garcinia cambogia, and forskolin can help boost weight loss efforts.
7. Portion control: Using smaller plates and measuring cups can help individuals regulate their portion sizes and maintain a healthy weight.
8. Mindful eating: Paying attention to hunger and fullness cues, eating slowly, and savoring food can help individuals develop healthy eating habits.
9. Physical activity: Engaging in regular physical activity such as walking, running, swimming, or cycling can help individuals burn calories and maintain a healthy weight.
It's important to note that there is no one-size-fits-all approach to treating obesity, and the most effective treatment plan will depend on the individual's specific needs and circumstances. Consulting with a healthcare professional such as a registered dietitian or a physician can help individuals develop a personalized treatment plan that is safe and effective.
Body weight is an important health indicator, as it can affect an individual's risk for certain medical conditions, such as obesity, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. Maintaining a healthy body weight is essential for overall health and well-being, and there are many ways to do so, including a balanced diet, regular exercise, and other lifestyle changes.
There are several ways to measure body weight, including:
1. Scale: This is the most common method of measuring body weight, and it involves standing on a scale that displays the individual's weight in kg or lb.
2. Body fat calipers: These are used to measure body fat percentage by pinching the skin at specific points on the body.
3. Skinfold measurements: This method involves measuring the thickness of the skin folds at specific points on the body to estimate body fat percentage.
4. Bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA): This is a non-invasive method that uses electrical impulses to measure body fat percentage.
5. Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA): This is a more accurate method of measuring body composition, including bone density and body fat percentage.
It's important to note that body weight can fluctuate throughout the day due to factors such as water retention, so it's best to measure body weight at the same time each day for the most accurate results. Additionally, it's important to use a reliable scale or measuring tool to ensure accurate measurements.
Feed the Animals
Mycotoxins in animal feed
Don't Feed da Animals
Do not feed the animals
Journal of Animal and Feed Sciences
Animal feeding operation
Concentrated animal feeding operation
Animal Drug and Animal Generic Drug User Fee Reauthorization Act of 2013
Beef hormone controversy
Lost (Gorilla Zoe song)
Timeline of animal welfare and rights
List of The Avengers (TV series) episodes
Livestock in the Basque Country (autonomous community)
Say Yeah (Wiz Khalifa song)
Summer of Love
Benji (1974 film)
List of mammals of Poland
Golden spider beetle
Queen Bee (comics)
El Paso, Texas
World Food Prize
Special Report on Global Warming of 1.5 °C
Alonzo C. Mather
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Agriculture, Feed & Animal Care Solutions | Dow Inc.
Animal Feed | Alltech
Animal Drug User Fee Act (ADUFA) | FDA
Pig Feed & Food - Farm Animals | PetSmart
Animal Feeding Operations | Other Uses of Water | Healthy Water | CDC
Animal Feeding Operations<...
Fee Structure | Transgenic Animal Core Facility
Animal licence fees - Derby City Council
Feed an Animal | Plan Your Visit | Aquarium of the Pacific
Method development for testing livestock feed for animal proteins - WUR
Animal Feed Additives Market Size & Share Report, 2030
Food made from natural gas will soon feed farm animals - and us | New Scientist
RFA-FD-16-022: Implementation of the Animal Feed Regulatory Program Standards
Insects as Animal Feed Seen as Favourable | The Pig Site
New Animal Feed Rules Still Leave Consumers at Risk for Mad Cow Disease - Public Citizen
Animals too have fundamental rights, observes Bombay HC in Navi Mumbai stray dogs feeding case
Kitten Feeding Week by Week | Best Friends Animal Society
Animal feed: preventing disease transfer | NZ Government
Feeding the Pregnant Dog | VCA Animal Hospitals
PHOSFEED® | Highly digestible animal feed phosphate | OCP Group
Arm & Hammer Animal and Food Production, Author at All About Feed
Animal shelters drop adoption fees for holidays | News | Mountain View Online
Antimicrobial use in animal feed--time to stop - PubMed
230990 - Animal feed preparations, nes - Canadian Importers Database (CID) - Import, export and investment - Innovation,...
Association of Distance to Swine Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations With Immune-mediated Diseases: An Exploratory Gene...
Don't Feed These Animals (2019) - Watch full free online
Don't feed deer or other wildlife due to public safety concerns, health of animals
- While visiting an AFO an EPA inspector will gather information to help EPA determine whether the livestock facility qualifies as a Concentrated Animal Feeding Operation (CAFO). (cdc.gov)
- Animal Agriculture: Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations-Livestock Operation Inspection. (cdc.gov)
- Apart from a few exceptions, feeding animal proteins to livestock is generally prohibited under the extended feed ban. (wur.nl)
- The species-to-species ban allows products from a different species to be processed in livestock feed. (wur.nl)
- Rising consumer awareness about the disease caused in livestock animals including swine flu along with foot & mouth diseases has increased the concerns regarding meat quality and safety, which has prompted the use of feed additives. (grandviewresearch.com)
- Vitamins naturally exist, but to provide proper nutrition, additional vitamin supplements are mixed in livestock feeds. (grandviewresearch.com)
- But some of the energy on your plate could soon come from sunlight captured by plants millions of years ago, thanks to plans to feed livestock with fossil fuels. (newscientist.com)
- The methane-made food has already been approved in the European Union for feeding to farmed fish and livestock such as pigs. (newscientist.com)
- If done on a large scale, the process would reduce the demand for land to grow food for livestock, as well as the demand for fish meal to feed to farmed fish. (newscientist.com)
- BELGIUM - The attitudes towards the use of insects in animal feed and resulting livestock products are generally favourable, so has recent scientific research shown. (thepigsite.com)
- Resulting livestock products were perceived to be more sustainable, nutritious and healthy, but at risk of presence of off-flavours and allergens, and less easily marketable, according to a study published in Animal Feed Science and Technology . (thepigsite.com)
- The use of insects in animal feed is one potential solution to improve the sustainability of animal diets and maintain legitimacy for livestock production within society. (thepigsite.com)
- A research team from Ghent University's Faculty of Bioscience Engineering interviewed 196 farmers, 137 agriculture sector stakeholders and 82 citizen/consumers about their attitudes, product attribute beliefs, perceived benefits, risks and concerns, and willingness-to-accept and use insect-based animal feed and the resulting livestock products. (thepigsite.com)
- The strongest perceived benefits of using insects in animal feed pertained to lowering livestock industry's dependence on foreign protein sources and better valorization of organic waste. (thepigsite.com)
- PHOSFEED® animal feed additives provide essential nutrients and guarantee healthy growth for your livestock. (ocpgroup.ma)
- Cassava as livestock feed in Africa : proceedings of the IITA/ILCA/University of Ibadan Workshop on the Potential Utilization of Cassava as Livestock Feed in Africa, 14-18 November 1988, Ibadan, Nigeria / S. K. Hahn, L. Reynolds and G. N. Egbunike, editors. (who.int)
- The research is currently aimed at the identification of animal species and groups (pigs, poultry, groups of fish species and insects) for the development and validation of specific tests involving both PCR and visual identification. (wur.nl)
- Primers and PCR methods for identifying the animal groups involved in the species-to-species ban, focusing on pigs and poultry identification. (wur.nl)
- The insights from this study confirm that the policy debate should focus primarily on the use insects in feed for fish, poultry, and pigs, whereas lower interest and acceptance of milk, dairy products and beef from insect-fed cattle among farmers, stakeholders and consumers indicate that the use of insects in feed for cattle is not currently an issue," according to the study authors. (thepigsite.com)
- Find out about the biosecurity and disease prevention requirements that apply to ruminant feed, food waste fed to pigs, and offal fed to dogs. (mpi.govt.nz)
- VRE have been isolated, commonly from dence has shown that such use contributed to the pigs and chickens fed avoparcin-containing animal feed , development of vancomycin-resistant enterococci. (cdc.gov)
Insects in animal feed6
- The development of a test for insects in animal feed. (wur.nl)
- The idea of using insects in animal feed was rejected by only 17 per cent of a sample of 415 farmers, agriculture sector stakeholders and consumers from Flanders, Belgium. (thepigsite.com)
- Agriculture sector stakeholders reported the most favourable attitude towards the use of insects in animal feed (average score of 4.16 on a scale from 1 to 5), followed by citizens (3.89) and farmers (3.83). (thepigsite.com)
- Benefit perception was generally stronger than risk perception, and it outweighed risk perception and concerns as a determinant of willingness-to-accept the use of insects in animal feed. (thepigsite.com)
- The main determinant of accepting the use of insects in animal feed was a person's own willingness to eat insect-based foods. (thepigsite.com)
- The authors conclude that the overall positive atmosphere surrounding the idea of using insects in animal feed, as it emerges from this study, indicates the momentum is right to move forward with the policy debate and take advantage of this novel source of protein for use in animal feed. (thepigsite.com)
- Presentations included results from animal feed commodity studies that look at the factors contributing to microbial pathogens, mycotoxins, and chemical residues in animal feed. (cdc.gov)
- and better direct their regulatory activities at reducing foodborne illness attributed to animal feed safety hazards in facilities that manufacture, process, pack, or hold animal feed materials/supplies. (nih.gov)
- By achieving and sustaining implementation of these program standards, Federal and State programs can better direct their regulatory activities toward reducing foodborne illness attributed to animal feed safety hazards in animal feed material/supply facilities. (nih.gov)
- Speakers offered perspectives on bacterial contamination of animal feed, including examples of human illnesses traced to Salmonella -contaminated feed, and data showing how contaminated animal feed contributes to human foodborne illness. (cdc.gov)
- Bacterial contamination of animal feed and its relationship to human foodborne illness. (cdc.gov)
- Beginning with FY 2019, ADUFA IV provides an exception from application fees for animal drug applications submitted under section 512(b)(1) of the FD&C Act if the application is submitted by a sponsor who previously applied for conditional approval under the new non-MUMS pathway of section 571 for the same product and paid an application fee at the time they applied for conditional approval. (fda.gov)
- The ADUFA, originally signed into law in 2003 and reauthorized in 2008 , 2013 and 2018 , amends the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act and authorizes the FDA to collect fees for certain animal drug applications and supplements, products, establishments, and sponsors of animal drug applications and/or investigational animal drug submissions. (fda.gov)
- These resources support the FDA's responsibilities to ensure that new animal drug products are safe and effective for animals, as well as ensuring the safety of food from treated animals. (fda.gov)
- Thus, amino acids are projected to have a high demand from the product industry as a feed supplement, as well as a pet food ingredient. (grandviewresearch.com)
- A biotechnology company called Calysta, based in Menlo Park, California, is set to announce the first ever large-scale factory that uses microbes to turn natural gas - methane - into a high-protein food for the animals we eat. (newscientist.com)
- The factory, which will be built in the US in collaboration with food-giant Cargill, will produce 200,000 tonnes of feed a year. (newscientist.com)
- The Food and Drug Administration (FDA), Office of Regulatory Affairs (ORA), Office of Partnerships (OP) is announcing the availability of up to $4,950,000 in FY 2016 to be awarded under Limited Competition to State animal feed regulatory programs. (nih.gov)
- This idea was most warmly welcomed for fish and poultry feed, followed by pig feed, and to a lower extent pet food and cattle feed. (thepigsite.com)
- The more people believed that insects are wholesome and acceptable as food for themselves as human beings, the stronger their belief that insects fit as an ingredient for animal feed as well", said Prof Wim Verbeke, lead author of the study. (thepigsite.com)
- The U.S. Food and Drug Administration's (FDA) proposed regulations governing animal feed - critical to preventing the spread of bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) - are still too weak to protect consumers. (citizen.org)
- The proposed rules would ban the use of some cattle tissues in animal feed in an attempt to limit the potential for cross-contamination during feed production or the potential for transmitting BSE through mistakenly feeding cattle food intended for other animals. (citizen.org)
- How to care for kitten orphans without a mother: week-by-week care guide on bottle-feeding, weaning, solid food, as well as spay neuter and adoption. (bestfriends.org)
- Do not feed a puppy food designed for large breed puppies as this will not have the correct calcium phosphorous balance to support the developing bones of the fetuses or healthy milk production in the mother. (vcahospitals.com)
- Arm & Hammer Animal and Food Production are nutritional innovators, microbial pioneers and food safety experts. (allaboutfeed.net)
- Don't Feed These Animals (DFTA), tells an unconventional story about a lobotomized lab bunny with a bipolar personality disorder who accidentally gives life to his favorite food and now needs to make unexpected alliances against a bigger threat. (moviesfoundonline.com)
- In the most recent CWD deer fatality in Moab, biologists found corn kernels in the deer's gut, suggesting it had been feeding on food provided by humans. (utah.gov)
- The first recommendation stressed the need for microbial contamination surveillance to determine how feed contaminants, particularly Salmonella , pass through the food chain. (cdc.gov)
- Researchers from FDA and Washington State University also provided data indicating that contaminated animal feed continues to be a source of Salmonella in food animals. (cdc.gov)
- In this report the various elements of the safety and nutritional assessment procedure for genetically modified (GM) plant derived food and feed are discussed, in particular the potential and limitations of animal feeding trials for the safety and nutritional testing of whole GM food and feed. (nih.gov)
- The general principles for the risk assessment of GM plants and derived food and feed are followed, as described in the EFSA guidance document of the EFSA Scientific Panel on Genetically Modified Organisms. (nih.gov)
- In Section 1 the mandate, scope and general principles for risk assessment of GM plant derived food and feed are discussed. (nih.gov)
- Products under consideration are food and feed derived from GM plants, such as maize, soybeans, oilseed rape and cotton, modified through the introduction of one or more genes coding for agronomic input traits like herbicide tolerance and/or insect resistance. (nih.gov)
- Furthermore GM plant derived food and feed, which have been obtained through extensive genetic modifications targeted at specific alterations of metabolic pathways leading to improved nutritional and/or health characteristics, such as rice containing beta-carotene, soybeans with enhanced oleic acid content, or tomato with increased concentration of flavonoids, are considered. (nih.gov)
- The safety assessment of GM plants and derived food and feed follows a comparative approach, i.e. the food and feed are compared with their non-GM counterparts in order to identify intended and unintended (unexpected) differences which subsequently are assessed with respect to their potential impact on the environment, safety for humans and animals, and nutritional quality. (nih.gov)
- The public health concern about the emergence and dissemination of VRE in food animals and the food supply caused the European Union to ban the use of avoparcin in animal feed in 1997. (cdc.gov)
- Officials from the National Veterinary Institute of Sweden and the Norwegian Agriculture Inspection Service gave an overview of the control measures implemented in Sweden and Norway to ensure Salmonella -negative animal feed. (cdc.gov)
- Furthermore, nucleotide sequences related to the cluster vanHAX are present in this DNA, suggesting that the prolonged use of avoparcin in agriculture led to the uptake of glycopeptide resistance genes by animal commensal bacteria, which were subsequently transferred to humans. (cdc.gov)
- We found substantial bacterial DNA contam- ination in animal feed-grade avoparcin. (cdc.gov)
- 6. Bacterial blends for use as feed supplements for farm animals are produced in the animal health rooms. (cdc.gov)
- 2. Bacterial products workers: Current workers with potential exposure to bacteria and other organic dusts in the animal health or human health rooms. (cdc.gov)
- The bacteria are grown in vats, fed methane, and are then dried and turned into pellets. (newscientist.com)
- Approximately 150 scientists attended the "Human Health Safety of Animal Feeds" workshop at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) on January 23, 2004, to discuss issues pertaining to Salmonella- contaminated animal feed and their impact on public health. (cdc.gov)
- The workshop followed an article published in Clinical Infectious Diseases, which provided three recommendations to reduce human foodborne disease caused by Salmonella -contaminated animal feed ( 1 ). (cdc.gov)
- The second recommendation was to establish hazard analysis and critical control point programs to minimize Salmonella contamination by identifying and controlling sources of feed contamination. (cdc.gov)
- The third recommendation was to implement the Salmonella -negative standard in the feed industry. (cdc.gov)
- The opening plenary session focused on international experiences in controlling Salmonella in animal feed. (cdc.gov)
- Norway and Sweden have extensive surveillance programs for Salmonella control in animal feed. (cdc.gov)
- Nevertheless, some presentations suggest that practical interventions are available to reduce the prevalence of Salmonella -contaminated animal feed. (cdc.gov)
- Repeated exposure to organic dusts (materials from living things such as plants, animals, bacteria, or fungi) can cause hypersensitivity pneumonitis, another serious lung disease. (cdc.gov)
- Resistant bacteria in retail meats and antimicrobial use in animals. (nih.gov)
- ADUFA IV reauthorizes the FDA to collect user fees through FY 2023. (fda.gov)
- Fees displayed are valid from 1 April 2023 to 31 March 2024. (derby.gov.uk)
- The global animal feed additives market size was valued at USD 40.74 billion in 2022 and is anticipated to grow at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 3.5% from 2023 to 2030. (grandviewresearch.com)
- As a result of the increasing focus on sustainability, the reintroduction of animal proteins as raw materials in feed is attracting a large amount of attention in the EU. (wur.nl)
- PHOSFEED® animal feed minerals range, is the perfect compound of high digestibility, nutritional value, sustainability, and cost-effectiveness. (ocpgroup.ma)
- PHOSFEED®, OCP's range of animal phosphate feed provides feed intake to cattle, ruminants as well as chicken, pig, and aquaculture farms. (ocpgroup.ma)
- They fulfill the highest quality standards for an optimal animal feeding experience, for cattle, and ruminants, as well as for chicken, pig, and aquaculture farms. (ocpgroup.ma)
- Feed with insects was perceived to be more sustainable, to have a better nutritive value for animals, but a lower microbiological safety as compared to conventional feed. (thepigsite.com)
- What are Animal Feeding Operations (AFOs)? (cdc.gov)
- According to the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), there are currently 450,000 Animal Feeding Operations (AFOs) in the United States. (cdc.gov)
- For more information, visit EPA's Animal Feeding Operations External website. (cdc.gov)
- The DNR Animal Feeding Operations information has moved. (iowadnr.gov)
- and these are added as supplements into the feed to improve and maintain animal health. (grandviewresearch.com)
- The first application under The Animal Welfare (Licensing of Activities Involving Animals) (England) Regulations 2018 will be classed as a new application. (derby.gov.uk)
Humans and animals1
- Limited information in humans and animals, however, leaves many unanswered questions regarding the effects of inhaled MgO on the respiratory system. (nih.gov)
- In addition, increasing consciousness regarding the benefits of feed additives and the recent outbreak of various diseases has positively impacted the industry. (grandviewresearch.com)
- Key grain producers, such as BASF SE and Cargill Inc., are integrated along the value chain to provide feed additives and serve as a comprehensive supplier to animal feed manufacturers and reduce sourcing and logistics costs. (grandviewresearch.com)
- Stringent norms laid by the regulatory bodies regarding the use of feed additives are anticipated to hamper the overall market growth. (grandviewresearch.com)
- PHOSFEED® animal feed additives are GMP+, HACCP, ISO 22 000, and ISO 9001 certified. (ocpgroup.ma)
- Prevalent Mycotoxins in Animal Feed: Occurrence and Analytical Methods. (bvsalud.org)
- Thus, animal feed safety has gradually become more important, with mycotoxins representing one of the most significant hazards . (bvsalud.org)
- In this review , several constraints posed by these contaminants at economical and commercial levels will be discussed, along with the legislation established in the European Union to restrict mycotoxins levels in animal feed . (bvsalud.org)
- In addition, the occurrence of legislated mycotoxins in raw materials and their by-products for the feeds of interest, as well as in the feeds, will be reviewed. (bvsalud.org)
- As the expanded definition of "animal drug application" includes applications for conditional approval submitted under section 571 of the FD&C Act, such applications are now subject to ADUFA fees, except that fees may be waived if the drug is intended solely to provide for a minor use or minor species (MUMS) indication. (fda.gov)
- The EU's so-called species-to-species ban prohibits the feeding of products derived from a particular species to the same species. (wur.nl)
- However, the extended feed ban, which overrules the species-to-species ban, is currently in force. (wur.nl)
- The consequence of these issues is that protein identification tests have to be available for each relevant animal species or group in order to be able to counter cannibalism effectively. (wur.nl)
- On a European level, the definitions of animal species and animal group are still being debated. (wur.nl)
- Avoparcin, a glycopeptide antimicrobial agent related ed glycopeptide antimicrobial agent, has been widely used to vancomycin, has been used extensively as a growth pro- in Europe and other continents as an animal growth pro- moter in animal feeds for more than 2 decades, and evi- moter (Figure 1). (cdc.gov)
- Animal feed is the major constituent in the breeding process of animals as it is responsible for the nutritional values of the product. (grandviewresearch.com)
- This includes farmers or people who breed animals or birds, people who work with harsh chemicals, woodworkers, and wine makers. (nih.gov)
- And the best part is that you can feel good knowing that you helped keep kittens - the most at-risk animals to enter shelters - safe and sound. (bestfriends.org)
- Humane Society Silicon Valley (HSSV) and five additional Bay Area animal shelters will take part in the annual Home for the Holidays Program this December and all six shelters will offer adoptions of adult dogs and cats for $12. (mv-voice.com)
- Solid matter such as feed and feathers, which can limit the growth of desirable aquatic plants in surface waters and protect disease-causing microorganisms. (cdc.gov)
- Hypersensitivity pneumonitis happens in some people after they breathe in certain substances in the environment, such as mold or the skin cells shed by animals with fur. (nih.gov)
- Nitrogen and phosphorus pollution can contribute to algal blooms which can potentially result in negative health effects in animals and humans. (cdc.gov)
- This is regarded as necessary because of aspects such as protein competition on the market, animal health, overfishing and corporate social responsibility. (wur.nl)
- Our dedicated team of #ScienceHearted experts around the world is working to improve the health and quality of life for animals and people everywhere. (allaboutfeed.net)
- The purpose of the workshop was to elicit discussion on these and other recommendations concerning the human health safety of animal feed. (cdc.gov)
- The effects on human health of subtherapeutic use of antimicrobials in animal feeds / Committee to Study the Human Health Effects of Subtherapeutic Antibiotic Use in Animal Feeds, Division of Medical Sciences, Assembly of Life Sciences, National Research Council. (who.int)
- by National Research Council (U.S.). Committee to Study the Human Health Effects of Subtherapeutic Antibiotic Use in Animal Feeds. (who.int)
- The pregnancy is divided into trimesters, and a healthy, well- fed dog will gain about 15-20% beyond her weight at breeding. (vcahospitals.com)
- Calysta is seeking approval in the US, too - and not just for farm animals. (newscientist.com)
- A "supplemental animal drug application" is defined as a request to the Secretary to approve a change in an animal drug application which has been approved, or a request to the Secretary to approve a change to an application approved under section 512(c)(2) of the FD&C Act for which data with respect to safety or effectiveness are required. (fda.gov)
- The intended outcome of this FOA is to advance efforts for a nationally integrated animal feed safety system by assisting State animal feed regulatory programs to achieve and maintain full implementation of the Animal Feed Regulatory Program Standards (AFRPS). (nih.gov)
- The intended outcome of this FOA is to advance efforts for a nationally integrated animal feed safety system through the implementation and advancement of the Animal Feed Regulatory Program Standards (AFRPS) by State animal feed regulatory programs. (nih.gov)
- The AFRPS allows for the development of risk-based animal feed safety programs by establishing a uniform basis for measuring and improving the performance of State animal feed regulatory programs in the United States. (nih.gov)
- While it is not illegal to feed wildlife - except for in certain cities that have enacted no feeding ordinances - there are several reasons that it is highly discouraged, including public safety concerns, the spread of chronic wasting disease among deer, elk and moose, and potential harm to wildlife from introducing foods not in their diets, particularly during winter months. (utah.gov)
- Companies, such as Alltech and Charoen Pokphand (CP) are also integrated backward to produce raw materials (feed grains) as well as animal feed end-products to cut down on raw material costs. (grandviewresearch.com)
- PHOSFEED® phosphate feed products are manufactured by OCP out of the finest raw materials. (ocpgroup.ma)
- Adoptable animals of HSSV can be found at the three neighborhood adoption centers in West San Jose, Sunnyvale, and Mountain View. (mv-voice.com)
- 2 Animal Disease Research and Diagnostic Laboratory, Department of Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences, South Dakota State University, Brookings, South Dakota, United States of America. (nih.gov)
- Salt Lake City - Utah Division of Wildlife Resources officials are reminding the public not to feed deer or other wildlife after corn kernels were discovered in the gut of a deer that recently died of chronic wasting disease in the Moab area. (utah.gov)
- The purpose of this exception is to prevent sponsors of conditionally approved products from having to pay a second application fee at the time they apply for full approval of their products under section 512(b)(1) of the FD&C Act, provided the sponsor's application for full approval is filed consistent with the timeframes established in section 571(h) of the FD&C Act. (fda.gov)
- Feeding deer can cause large groups of them to congregate into one area, increasing the chance of the disease spreading from one animal to the next. (utah.gov)
- Because the disease is so contagious, it is essential that residents do not feed wildlife," DWR Regional Outreach Manager Aaron Bott said. (utah.gov)
- Although it may seem like a beneficial thing to do, feeding deer actually accelerates the spread of this disease. (utah.gov)
- This is why it is essential that the community of Moab help us in fighting the spread of this disease by not feeding the wildlife or causing them to congregate. (utah.gov)
- Infected animals can shed prions, which are protein-based infectious particles, in their urine, feces and saliva. (utah.gov)
- The animal feed additive value chain is optimally integrated via multiple players in the industry. (grandviewresearch.com)
- Only chicken blood meal has higher average CO 2 emissions per tonne of feed. (newscientist.com)
- During the winter, deer primarily feed on sagebrush and other woody plants. (utah.gov)
- Meal feeding is the best way to control body condition and weight gain during pregnancy. (vcahospitals.com)
- Get up close to some of our most popular animals. (aquariumofpacific.org)
- The feeding protocols below are provided by the Kitten Nursery of Salt Lake County Animal Services, in partnership with Best Friends Animal Society-Utah. (bestfriends.org)
- HSSV, Palo Alto Animal Services, San Jose Animal Care Center, Silicon Valley Animal Control Authority, Santa Clara County Animal Care & Control, and Town Cats have recently lowered their fee. (mv-voice.com)
- has resulted in a reduction in the number of vancomycin- resistant organisms isolated from animals (14,15). (cdc.gov)
- During the weaning process, kittens still need to be bottle-fed three times per day (about every 8 hours) to ensure they are receiving proper nutrients. (bestfriends.org)
- Be sure to follow guidance from Aquarium staff members on how to safely feed and interact with the lorikeets. (aquariumofpacific.org)
- Do you have any other animals besides cats and dogs that need a home? (mv-voice.com)
- The development and transfer of knowledge to optimise support for present and future legislation in connection with the intended amendments to Directive (EU) No. 999/2001 (Extended Feed Ban). (wur.nl)
- How should I feed my dog during her pregnancy? (vcahospitals.com)
- Infected animals ultimately lose their motor skills and eventually waste away and die from degeneration of the central nervous system. (utah.gov)
- This 96-well system called the Whole Animal Feeding Flat (WAFFL) enables the housing and feeding of flies while reducing the number of manipulations. (nih.gov)