Veterinary Drugs: Drugs used by veterinarians in the treatment of animal diseases. The veterinarian's pharmacological armamentarium is the counterpart of drugs treating human diseases, with dosage and administration adjusted to the size, weight, disease, and idiosyncrasies of the species. In the United States most drugs are subject to federal regulations with special reference to the safety of drugs and residues in edible animal products.Food Safety: Activities involved in ensuring the safety of FOOD including avoidance of bacterial and other contamination.Animal Feed: Foodstuff used especially for domestic and laboratory animals, or livestock.Food Contamination: The presence in food of harmful, unpalatable, or otherwise objectionable foreign substances, e.g. chemicals, microorganisms or diluents, before, during, or after processing or storage.Drug Residues: Drugs and their metabolites which are found in the edible tissues and milk of animals after their medication with specific drugs. This term can also apply to drugs found in adipose tissue of humans after drug treatment.Food Handling: Any aspect of the operations in the preparation, processing, transport, storage, packaging, wrapping, exposure for sale, service, or delivery of food.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Legislation, Food: Laws and regulations concerned with industrial processing and marketing of foods.Pesticides: Chemicals used to destroy pests of any sort. The concept includes fungicides (FUNGICIDES, INDUSTRIAL); INSECTICIDES; RODENTICIDES; etc.Food Microbiology: The presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in food and food products. This term is not restricted to pathogenic organisms: the presence of various non-pathogenic bacteria and fungi in cheeses and wines, for example, is included in this concept.Livestock: Domesticated farm animals raised for home use or profit but excluding POULTRY. Typically livestock includes CATTLE; SHEEP; HORSES; SWINE; GOATS; and others.Waste Products: Debris resulting from a process that is of no further use to the system producing it. The concept includes materials discharged from or stored in a system in inert form as a by-product of vital activities. (From Webster's New Collegiate Dictionary, 1981)Food Additives: Substances which are of little or no nutritive value, but are used in the processing or storage of foods or animal feed, especially in the developed countries; includes ANTIOXIDANTS; FOOD PRESERVATIVES; FOOD COLORING AGENTS; FLAVORING AGENTS; ANTI-INFECTIVE AGENTS (both plain and LOCAL); VEHICLES; EXCIPIENTS and other similarly used substances. Many of the same substances are PHARMACEUTIC AIDS when added to pharmaceuticals rather than to foods.Zearalenone: (S-(E))-3,4,5,6,8,10-Hexahydro-14,16-dihydroxy-3-methyl-1H-2-benzoxacyclotetradecin-1,7(8H)-dione. One of a group of compounds known under the general designation of resorcylic acid lactones. Cis, trans, dextro and levo forms have been isolated from the fungus Gibberella zeae (formerly Fusarium graminearum). They have estrogenic activity, cause toxicity in livestock as feed contaminant, and have been used as anabolic or estrogen substitutes.Plants, Genetically Modified: PLANTS, or their progeny, whose GENOME has been altered by GENETIC ENGINEERING.Technology: The application of scientific knowledge to practical purposes in any field. It includes methods, techniques, and instrumentation.Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid: Liquid chromatographic techniques which feature high inlet pressures, high sensitivity, and high speed.Pyrantel Tartrate: Broad spectrum anthelmintic for livestock.VermontPublic Opinion: The attitude of a significant portion of a population toward any given proposition, based upon a measurable amount of factual evidence, and involving some degree of reflection, analysis, and reasoning.KentuckyCheese: A nutritious food consisting primarily of the curd or the semisolid substance formed when milk coagulates.United States Food and Drug Administration: An agency of the PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE concerned with the overall planning, promoting, and administering of programs pertaining to maintaining standards of quality of foods, drugs, therapeutic devices, etc.Drug Industry: That segment of commercial enterprise devoted to the design, development, and manufacture of chemical products for use in the diagnosis and treatment of disease, disability, or other dysfunction, or to improve function.Equipment Safety: Freedom of equipment from actual or potential hazards.Device Approval: Process that is gone through in order for a device to receive approval by a government regulatory agency. This includes any required preclinical or clinical testing, review, submission, and evaluation of the applications and test results, and post-marketing surveillance. It is not restricted to FDA.Social Planning: Interactional process combining investigation, discussion, and agreement by a number of people in the preparation and carrying out of a program to ameliorate conditions of need or social pathology in the community. It usually involves the action of a formal political, legal, or recognized voluntary body.Internet: A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.Licensure: The legal authority or formal permission from authorities to carry on certain activities which by law or regulation require such permission. It may be applied to licensure of institutions as well as individuals.United StatesInvestigational New Drug Application: An application that must be submitted to a regulatory agency (the FDA in the United States) before a drug can be studied in humans. This application includes results of previous experiments; how, where, and by whom the new studies will be conducted; the chemical structure of the compound; how it is thought to work in the body; any toxic effects found in animal studies; and how the compound is manufactured. (From the "New Medicines in Development" Series produced by the Pharmaceutical Manufacturers Association and published irregularly.)Drug Approval: Process that is gone through in order for a drug to receive approval by a government regulatory agency. This includes any required pre-clinical or clinical testing, review, submission, and evaluation of the applications and test results, and post-marketing surveillance of the drug.Agriculture: The science, art or practice of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raising livestock.Program Evaluation: Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.Waste Disposal, Fluid: The discarding or destroying of liquid waste products or their transformation into something useful or innocuous.Waste Water: Contaminated water generated as a waste product of human activity.Intelligence: The ability to learn and to deal with new situations and to deal effectively with tasks involving abstractions.Sewage: Refuse liquid or waste matter carried off by sewers.Water Purification: Any of several processes in which undesirable impurities in water are removed or neutralized; for example, chlorination, filtration, primary treatment, ion exchange, and distillation. It includes treatment of WASTE WATER to provide potable and hygienic water in a controlled or closed environment as well as provision of public drinking water supplies.Intelligence Tests: Standardized tests that measure the present general ability or aptitude for intellectual performance.Industrial Waste: Worthless, damaged, defective, superfluous or effluent material from industrial operations.Waste Management: Disposal, processing, controlling, recycling, and reusing the solid, liquid, and gaseous wastes of plants, animals, humans, and other organisms. It includes control within a closed ecological system to maintain a habitable environment.Positron-Emission Tomography: An imaging technique using compounds labelled with short-lived positron-emitting radionuclides (such as carbon-11, nitrogen-13, oxygen-15 and fluorine-18) to measure cell metabolism. It has been useful in study of soft tissues such as CANCER; CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM; and brain. SINGLE-PHOTON EMISSION-COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY is closely related to positron emission tomography, but uses isotopes with longer half-lives and resolution is lower.Rabbits: The species Oryctolagus cuniculus, in the family Leporidae, order LAGOMORPHA. Rabbits are born in burrows, furless, and with eyes and ears closed. In contrast with HARES, rabbits have 22 chromosome pairs.Tomography, Optical: Projection of near-IR light (INFRARED RAYS), in the 700-1000 nm region, across an object in parallel beams to an array of sensitive photodetectors. This is repeated at various angles and a mathematical reconstruction provides three dimensional MEDICAL IMAGING of tissues. Based on the relative transparency of tissues to this spectra, it has been used to monitor local oxygenation, brain and joints.Phantoms, Imaging: Devices or objects in various imaging techniques used to visualize or enhance visualization by simulating conditions encountered in the procedure. Phantoms are used very often in procedures employing or measuring x-irradiation or radioactive material to evaluate performance. Phantoms often have properties similar to human tissue. Water demonstrates absorbing properties similar to normal tissue, hence water-filled phantoms are used to map radiation levels. Phantoms are used also as teaching aids to simulate real conditions with x-ray or ultrasonic machines. (From Iturralde, Dictionary and Handbook of Nuclear Medicine and Clinical Imaging, 1990)Equipment Design: Methods of creating machines and devices.Radiopharmaceuticals: Compounds that are used in medicine as sources of radiation for radiotherapy and for diagnostic purposes. They have numerous uses in research and industry. (Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1161)Whole Body Imaging: The creation of a visual display of the inside of the entire body of a human or animal for the purposes of diagnostic evaluation. This is most commonly achieved by using MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING; or POSITRON EMISSION TOMOGRAPHY.Equipment Failure Analysis: The evaluation of incidents involving the loss of function of a device. These evaluations are used for a variety of purposes such as to determine the failure rates, the causes of failures, costs of failures, and the reliability and maintainability of devices.Veterinarians: Individuals with a degree in veterinary medicine that provides them with training and qualifications to treat diseases and injuries of animals.Disease Models, Animal: Naturally occurring or experimentally induced animal diseases with pathological processes sufficiently similar to those of human diseases. They are used as study models for human diseases.Journal Impact Factor: A quantitative measure of the frequency on average with which articles in a journal have been cited in a given period of time.Cattle: Domesticated bovine animals of the genus Bos, usually kept on a farm or ranch and used for the production of meat or dairy products or for heavy labor.Bulimia: Eating an excess amount of food in a short period of time, as seen in the disorder of BULIMIA NERVOSA. It is caused by an abnormal craving for food, or insatiable hunger also known as "ox hunger".Cattle Diseases: Diseases of domestic cattle of the genus Bos. It includes diseases of cows, yaks, and zebus.Encephalopathy, Bovine Spongiform: A transmissible spongiform encephalopathy of cattle associated with abnormal prion proteins in the brain. Affected animals develop excitability and salivation followed by ATAXIA. This disorder has been associated with consumption of SCRAPIE infected ruminant derived protein. This condition may be transmitted to humans, where it is referred to as variant or new variant CREUTZFELDT-JAKOB SYNDROME. (Vet Rec 1998 Jul 25;143(41):101-5)Pets: Animals kept by humans for companionship and enjoyment, as opposed to DOMESTIC ANIMALS such as livestock or farm animals, which are kept for economic reasons.Oligochaeta: A class of annelid worms with few setae per segment. It includes the earthworms such as Lumbricus and Eisenia.Gryllidae: The family Gryllidae consists of the common house cricket, Acheta domesticus, which is used in neurological and physiological studies. Other genera include Gryllotalpa (mole cricket); Gryllus (field cricket); and Oecanthus (tree cricket).Orthoptera: An order of insects comprising two suborders: Caelifera and Ensifera. They consist of GRASSHOPPERS, locusts, and crickets (GRYLLIDAE).Aphids: A family (Aphididae) of small insects, in the suborder Sternorrhyncha, that suck the juices of plants. Important genera include Schizaphis and Myzus. The latter is known to carry more than 100 virus diseases between plants.Sarcophagidae: Family of flies in the order DIPTERA, commonly known as flesh flies. They lay their eggs in dead or decaying matter or open wounds.Hobbies: Leisure activities engaged in for pleasure.Chenopodiaceae: The goosefoot plant family of the order Caryophyllales, subclass Caryophyllidae, class Magnoliopsida. It includes beets and chard (BETA VULGARIS), as well as SPINACH, and salt tolerant plants.Canada: The largest country in North America, comprising 10 provinces and three territories. Its capital is Ottawa.North AmericaCoccidiostats: Agents useful in the treatment or prevention of COCCIDIOSIS in man or animals.Nitrovin: An antibacterial growth promoter used in animal feeds.Tylosin: Macrolide antibiotic obtained from cultures of Streptomyces fradiae. The drug is effective against many microorganisms in animals but not in humans.Dimetridazole: A compound used to treat histomoniasis in poultry.Robenidine: An anticoccidial agent mainly for poultry.Chlortetracycline: A TETRACYCLINE with a 7-chloro substitution.Amprolium: A veterinary coccidiostat that interferes with THIAMINE metabolism.Investments: Use for articles on the investing of funds for income or profit.Pathology, Veterinary: The field of veterinary medicine concerned with the causes of and changes produced in the body by disease.Salmonella: A genus of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria that utilizes citrate as a sole carbon source. It is pathogenic for humans, causing enteric fevers, gastroenteritis, and bacteremia. Food poisoning is the most common clinical manifestation. Organisms within this genus are separated on the basis of antigenic characteristics, sugar fermentation patterns, and bacteriophage susceptibility.Salmonella typhimurium: A serotype of Salmonella enterica that is a frequent agent of Salmonella gastroenteritis in humans. It also causes PARATYPHOID FEVER.Salmonella Infections: Infections with bacteria of the genus SALMONELLA.Salmonella Infections, Animal: Infections in animals with bacteria of the genus SALMONELLA.Salmonella enterica: A subgenus of Salmonella containing several medically important serotypes. The habitat for the majority of strains is warm-blooded animals.Bibliography of Medicine: A list of works, documents, and other publications on medical subjects and topics of interest to the field of medicine.Poultry Products: Food products manufactured from poultry.United States Environmental Protection Agency: An agency in the Executive Branch of the Federal Government. It was created as an independent regulatory agency responsible for the implementation of federal laws designed to protect the environment. Its mission is to protect human health and the ENVIRONMENT.Power Plants: Units that convert some other form of energy into electrical energy.OhioWater: A clear, odorless, tasteless liquid that is essential for most animal and plant life and is an excellent solvent for many substances. The chemical formula is hydrogen oxide (H2O). (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Water Supply: Means or process of supplying water (as for a community) usually including reservoirs, tunnels, and pipelines and often the watershed from which the water is ultimately drawn. (Webster, 3d ed)Fresh Water: Water containing no significant amounts of salts, such as water from RIVERS and LAKES.Water Pollution: Contamination of bodies of water (such as LAKES; RIVERS; SEAS; and GROUNDWATER.)Fisheries: Places for cultivation and harvesting of fish, particularly in sea waters. (from McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Hygiene: The science dealing with the establishment and maintenance of health in the individual and the group. It includes the conditions and practices conducive to health. (Webster, 3d ed)Compliance: Distensibility measure of a chamber such as the lungs (LUNG COMPLIANCE) or bladder. Compliance is expressed as a change in volume per unit change in pressure.

Induction of bovine polioencephalomalacia with a feeding system based on molasses and urea. (1/6328)

Polioencephalomalacia (PEM), a disease first described in the United States and related to intensive beef production, appeared in Cuba coincident with the use of a new, molasses-urea-based diet to fatten bulls. Because the only experimental means so far of reproducing PEM has been with amprolium, a structural analog of thiamin, the present study attempted to induce the disease using the molasses-urea-based diet. Six Holstein bulls (200-300 kg) were studied during consumption of three successive diets: 1) commercial molasses-urea-restricted forage diet of Cuban feedlots, 2) a period in which forage was gradually withdrawn and 3) a forage-free diet composed only of molasses, urea and fish meal. PEM was reproduced in this way. At ten-day intervals, blood concentrations of glucose, lactate, pyruvate and urea were measured, as well as when clinical signs of PEM appeared. The signs, clinical course and lesions of the experimentally induced disease were comparable to those of field cases. The biochemical results suggested a block in pyruvate oxidation as in PEM elsewhere in the world. No evidence existed of urea intoxication. In addition, brain and liver concentration of total thiamin from field cases and normal animals were found to be similar.  (+info)

Fusariotoxicosis from barley in British Columbia. I. Natural occurrence and diagnosis. (2/6328)

Clinical sickness was observed in domestic ducks, geese, horses and swine during October 1973. All species showed upper alimentary distress with mortalities occurring in the geese. Barley derived from a common source had been fed. Examination of the barley revealed invasion by Fusarium spp and detection of a high level of dermatitic fusariotoxins.  (+info)

Mercury and mink. I. The use of mercury contaminated fish as a food for ranch mink. (3/6328)

Adult female and juvenile ranch mink were fed rations containing 50 and 75% of fish containing 0.44 ppm total mercury over a 145 day period. There was no clinical or pathological evidence of intoxication in these animals and mercury concentrations in tissue appeared to be at a level below that associated with toxicity.  (+info)

Mycotoxin determinations on animal feedstuffs and tissues in Western Canada. (4/6328)

Results of examination of specimens of plant or animal origin for various mycotoxins are presented. Analyses for aflatoxins and ochratoxins were most frequently requested, usually on the basis of visible mouldiness. Aflatoxin B1 was found in one of 100 specimens at a level of 50 ppb in a sample of alfalfa brome hay. Ochratoxin A was detected in seven of 95 specimens comprising six samples of wheat at levels between 30 and 6000 ppb and one sample of hay at a level of 30 ppb. An overall detection rate of 4.2% involving significant levels of potent mycotoxins suggests that acute or chronic mycotoxicoses may occur in farm livestock or poultry more frequently than presently diagnosied.  (+info)

Pathological changes in chickens, ducks and turkeys fed high levels of rapeseed oil. (5/6328)

Rations containing 25% of either regular rapeseed oil (36% erucic acid), Oro rapeseed oil (1.9% erucic acid), soybean oil or a mixture of lard and corn oil were fed to chickens, ducks and turkeys. The regular rapeseed oil ration caused growth depression, increased feed conversion and anemia in all species. All the ducks and some of the chickens fed the regular rapeseed oil ration died. These dead birds were affected with hydropericardium and ascites. No deaths in the turkeys could be attributed to the regular rapeseed oil ration but some turkeys fed this ration had degenerative foci characterized by infiltrations of histiocytic and giant cells in the myocardium. Severe fatty change in the heart, skeletal muscles, spleen and kidney was found at an early age in all birds fed the regular rapeseed oil ration. Less severe fatty change but no other lesions were found in birds fed the Oro rapeseed oil and soybean oil rations.  (+info)

Postweaning performance of calves from Angus, Brahman, and reciprocal-cross cows grazing endophyte-infected tall fescue or common bermudagrass. (6/6328)

Data from 403 Polled Hereford-sired calves from Angus, Brahman, and reciprocal-cross cows were used to evaluate the effects of preweaning forage environment on postweaning performance. Calves were spring-born in 1991 to 1994 and managed on either endophyte-infected tall fescue (E+) or common bermudagrass (BG) during the preweaning phase. After weaning, calves were shipped to the Grazinglands Research Laboratory, El Reno, OK and stratified to one of two winter stocker treatments by breed and preweaning forage; stocker treatments were winter wheat pasture (WW) or native range plus supplemental CP (NR). Each stocker treatment was terminated in March, calves grazed cool-season grasses, and calves were then moved to a feedlot phase in June. In the feedlot phase, calves were fed to approximately 10 mm fat over the 12th rib and averaged approximately 115 d on feed. When finished, calves were weighed and shipped to Amarillo, TX for slaughter. Averaged over calf breed group, calves from E+ gained faster during the stocker phase (P<.10), had lighter starting and finished weights on feed (P< .01), lighter carcass weights (P<.01), and smaller longissimus muscle areas (P<.05) than calves from BG. Calves from E+ were similar to calves from BG in feedlot ADG, percentage kidney, heart, and pelvic fat, fat thickness over 12th rib, yield grade, marbling score, and dressing percentage. Maternal heterosis was larger in calves from E+ for starting weight on feed (P<.01), finished weight (P<.10), and carcass weight (P<.16). These data suggest that few carryover effects from tall fescue preweaning environments exist, other than lighter, but acceptable, weights through slaughter. These data further suggest that the tolerance to E+ in calves from reciprocal-cross cows, expressed in weaning weights, moderated postweaning weight differences between E+ and BG compared to similar comparisons in calves from purebred cows.  (+info)

Antioxidative and oxidative status in muscles of pigs fed rapeseed oil, vitamin E, and copper. (7/6328)

The susceptibility of a given muscle tissue to lipid oxidation may not only depend on the presence of unsaturated fatty acids and the balance between antioxidants and prooxidants, but also on the composition of the skeletal muscle. In the present study, the effects of dietary supplementation of vitamin E (dl-alpha-tocopheryl acetate) and copper in combination with a high level of monounsaturated fatty acids were examined with regard to the antioxidant concentration and the susceptibility to lipid oxidation of two muscles, longissimus (LD) and psoas major (PM), representing different oxidative capacity. In addition, fatty acid profiles of the backfat and the intramuscular lipids, as well as fresh meat quality traits, were studied. Pigs were allotted to a 3x3 factorial experiment with three levels of dl-alpha-tocopheryl acetate (0, 100, and 200 mg/kg of feed) and three levels of copper (0, 35, and 175 mg/kg of feed) added to a diet containing 6% rapeseed oil. A basal diet (without rapeseed oil) was added to the experimental design, giving a total of 10 dietary treatments. Muscle alpha-tocopherol concentrations increased (P<.001) with increasing dl-alpha-tocopheryl acetate in the feed. The antioxidative status was higher in PM than in LD, when considering the concentration of alpha-tocopherol (P<.001) and the activity of antioxidant enzymes (superoxide dismutase, P<.001; glutathione peroxidase, P = .06). Supplemental copper did not give rise to any deposition of copper in muscle tissue or backfat, but the antioxidant status of PM increased. The susceptibility to lipid oxidation was reduced in LD with increasing dietary dl-alpha-tocopheryl acetate and in PM with increasing dietary copper. Supplemental dl-alpha-tocopherol acetate improved the water-holding capacity of LD (P = .005) and PM (P = .003). The fatty acid composition of the backfat and the triglyceride fraction of the intramuscular fat became more unsaturated with the addition of rapeseed oil to the feed. Higher intakes of monounsaturated fatty acids due to the rapeseed oil were also reflected in the phospholipid fraction of the intramuscular fat, but no influence on the proportion of saturated fatty acids was seen. The susceptibility to lipid oxidation of PM was lower for pigs on the rapeseed oil-based diet than for those on the basal diet. The energy metabolic status of the muscles and the accumulation of calcium by the sarcoplasmic reticulum were not influenced by the dietary treatments, but there were differences between muscle types. The addition of rapeseed oil to the diet reduced the muscular content of glycogen (LD, P = .02; PM, P = .06) and elevated the plasma concentration of free fatty acids (P = .05). Overall, dietary fat, dl-alpha-tocopherol acetate, and copper affected the oxidative status of pig muscles, and the results differed depending on muscle type.  (+info)

Manipulation of the type of fat consumed by growing pigs affects plasma and mononuclear cell fatty acid compositions and lymphocyte and phagocyte functions. (8/6328)

To investigate the immunological effect of feeding pigs different dietary lipids, 3-wk-old, weaned pigs were fed for 40 d on one of five diets, which differed only in the type of oil present (the oil contributed 5% by weight of the diet and the total fat content of the diets was 8% by weight). The oils used were soybean (control diet), high-oleic sunflower oil (HOSO), sunflower oil (SO), canola oil (CO), and fish oil (FO; rich in long-chain [n-3] polyunsaturared fatty acids). There were no significant differences in initial or final animal weights, weight gains, or health scores among the groups. There were no significant differences in the concentration of anti-Escherichia coli vaccine antibodies in the gut lumens of pigs fed the different diets. The fatty acid composition of the diet markedly affected the fatty acid composition of the plasma and of mononuclear cells (a mixture of lymphocytes, monocytes, and macrophages) prepared from the blood, lymph nodes, or thymus. The FO feeding resulted in a significant increase in the number of circulating granulocytes. The FO feeding significantly decreased the proportion of phagocytes engaged in uptake of E. coli and decreased the activity of those phagocytes that were active. The proliferation of lymphocytes in cultures of whole blood from pigs fed the HOSO, SO, or FO diets was less than in those from pigs fed the CO diet. Proliferation of lymph node lymphocytes from SO- or FO-fed pigs was less than that from control, CO-, or HOSO-fed pigs. The natural killer cell activity of blood lymphocytes from pigs fed the FO diet was significantly reduced compared with those from pigs fed the CO diet. The concentration of PGE2 in the medium of cultured blood, lymph node, or thymic mononuclear cells was lower if the cells came from pigs fed the FO diet. Thus, the type of oil included in the diet of growing pigs affects the numbers and functional activities of immune cells in different body compartments.  (+info)

*List of veterinary drugs

nimesulide - nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) nitarsone - feed additive used in poultry to increase weight gain, ... humane euthanasia of animals not to be used for food pentoxyfylline - xanthine derivative used in as an antiinflammatory drug ... lice and other animal pests. Cannot be used on horses or cats. amitriptyline - tricyclic antidepressant used to treat ... animal euthanasia product containing phenytoin and pentobarbital pimobendan - PDE3 (phosphodiesterase 3) inhibitor used to ...

*Bernheim Arboretum and Research Forest

There is an emission offset fee of $5.00 per car has been established on weekends, which some argue is contrary to the vision ... A museum of natural history containing specimens of every animal that is classified in the wild life of this hemisphere will be ... For non-members, admission is free on weekdays, but a fee is charged on Saturdays, Sundays, and holidays ($5 for each passenger ...

*Animal feed

... legislation and guidance Animal Feed and Ingredients Glossary FAO Feed Safety guidelines Feed - Biosecurity Guide ... Animal feed is food given to domestic animals in the course of animal husbandry. There are two basic types: fodder and forage. ... Feed grains are the most important source of animal feed globally. The amount of grain used to produce the same unit of meat ... Other feed grains include wheat, oats, barley, and rice, among many others. Traditional sources of animal feed include ...

*Mycotoxins in animal feed

Another animal feed product is grass and animals including cattle, sheep, and horses eat tons of it. Ergot alkaloids are ... Cereal grains are one of the main ingredient in animal feed. The animals most at risk of having serious problems with ... Binder, Eva M. "Managing the risk of Mycotoxins in modern feed production". Animal Feed Science and Technology. 133: 149-166. ... "Methods for preventing, decontaminating, and minimizing the toxicity of mycotoxins in feed". Animal Feed Science and Technology ...

*Animal feeding operation

Animals (other than aquatic animals) have been, are, or will be stabled or confined and fed or maintained for a total of 45 ... Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations are facilities that require federal National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System ( ... The Environmental Protection Agency defines an animal feeding operation (AFO) in the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR, Federal ... Small and medium AFOs can be designated as Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations based on their risk to surface water. There ...

*Concentrated animal feeding operation

5, 2000). "Economic Implications of Confined Animal Feeding Operations". Understanding Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations ... is an animal feeding operation (AFO)-a farm in which animals are raised in confinement-that has over 1000 "animal units" ... Animal feeding operation Intensive animal farming Intensive pig farming "Today, there are slightly more than one million farms ... Improvements in animal breeding, mechanical innovations, and the introduction of specially formulated feeds (as well as animal ...

*Journal of Animal and Feed Sciences

... is an open access peer-reviewed scientific journal of animal and agricultural science. The ... Journal of Animal and Feed Sciences (JAFS) The Kielanowski Institute of Animal Physiology and Nutrition, Polish Academy of ... "Journal of Animal and Feed Sciences". 2016 Journal Citation Reports. Web of Science (Science ed.). Thomson Reuters. 2017. ... journal has been published by the Kielanowski Institute of Animal Physiology and Nutrition of the Polish Academy of Sciences ( ...

*Feed the Animals

... at Illegal Art Feed the Animals at Discogs (list of releases) Feed the Animals at MusicBrainz (list of ... "Reviews for Feed The Animals by Girl Talk". Metacritic. Retrieved August 6, 2012. Lymangrover, Jason. "Feed the Animals - Girl ... "Girl Talk: Feed the Animals". Blender (73): 78. September 2008. DeRogatis, Jim (July 17, 2008). "Girl Talk, "Feed the Animals ... Feed the Animals was made available for download by Girl Talk's record label, Illegal Art, sells Feed the Animals using a "pay ...

*Don't Feed da Animals

"Don't Feed Da Animals - Gorilla Zoe". AllMusic. Retrieved August 4, 2011. Slavik, Nathan. "Gorilla Zoe - Don't Feed The Animals ... Don't Feed da Animals is the second studio album by American rapper Gorilla Zoe. It was released on March 17, 2009. The album ... Don't Feed da Animals received mixed reviews from music critics. Steve 'Flash' Juon of RapReviews credited the album for toning ... Juon, Steve 'Flash' (March 24, 2009). "Gorilla Zoe :: Don't Feed Da Animals :: Block Ent./Bad Boy/Atlantic". RapReviews. ...

*Do not feed the animals

"Feeding the animals". State of Victoria. 2010. Retrieved 2013-06-24. Alex Cukan (August 31, 2002). "'Do not feed wild animals ... "do not feed the animals" reflects a policy forbidding the artificial feeding of wildlife (wild or feral animals) in situations ... In India, feeding feral animals in cities is considered a noble act. Academicians say that how humans treat animals is related ... Feeding can also alter animal behavior so that animals routinely travel in larger groups, which can make disease transmission ...

*Animal Drug and Animal Generic Drug User Fee Reauthorization Act of 2013

The Animal Drug and Animal Generic Drug User Fee Reauthorization Act of 2013 (S. 622; Pub.L. 113-14) is a bill that was ... The Animal Drug and Animal Generic Drug User Fee Reauthorization Act of 2013 was received in the United States House of ... The Animal Drug and Animal Generic Drug User Fee Reauthorization Act of 2013 (S. 622) was introduced into the United States ... The Animal Drug and Animal Generic Drug User Fee Reauthorization Act of 2013 would authorize the collection and spending of ...

*Beef hormone controversy

A review of worldwide contamination of cereal grains and animal feed with Fusarium mycotoxins. Animal Feed Sci. Technol. 78: 21 ... Although its occurrence in animal products can be partly due to its ingestion in such feeds, alpha-zearalanol can also be ... It was not until 1987, at the instigation of US firms, that the European Federation of Animal Health, FEDESA, was formed to ... These tools need to managed ethically because they are shown to give great health benefits to the animal such as increased ...

*Agricultural wastewater treatment

In the United States, these facilities are called concentrated animal feeding operations or confined animal feeding operations ... "Animal Feeding Operations". National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System. EPA. 2017-01-17. Dairy Waste Anaerobic Digestion ... Piggery waste is comparable to other animal wastes and is processed as for general animal waste, except that many piggery ... Animal slurries require special handling and are usually treated by containment in lagoons before disposal by spray or trickle ...

*Nutrient pollution

"Animal Feeding Operations". NPDES. EPA. 2017-01-17. "Total Maximum Daily Load (TMDLs) at Work: New York: Restoring the Long ... Discharges from large livestock facilities, called concentrated animal feeding operations, are also regulated by NPDES permits ... Nutrient bioextraction is bioremediation involving cultured plants and animals. Nutrient bioextraction or bioharvesting is the ...

*Cystine

Animal Feed Science and Technology. 128 (3-4): 320-330. doi:10.1016/j.anifeedsci.2005.11.008. Gahl, William A.; Thoene, Jess G ...

*Tetrafucol A

Animal Feed Science and Technology. 145: 375-395. doi:10.1016/j.anifeedsci.2007.03.013. Glombitza, KW; Zieprath, G (1989). " ...

*Free-range eggs

Animal Feed Science and Technology. 72 (1-2): 33-40. doi:10.1016/S0377-8401(97)00180-6. Jull, Morley A. Successful Poultry ... Feed additives such as marigold petal meal, dried algae and alfalfa meal can be used to colour the yolks. Contrary to popular ... Animal welfare advocates argue that costs will not change as drastically as industry groups are expecting and that the price of ... Lopez-Bote, C.J; Sanz Arias, R; Rey, A.I; Castaño, A; Isabel, B; Thos, J (May 1998). "Effect of free-range feeding on n−3 fatty ...

*Proventriculus

Animal Feed Science and Technology. 221: 384-303. http://www.vetmed.vt.edu/Education/Curriculum/VM8054/HP/profbio.htm Caceci, ...

*Oilseed press

Dale, N (1996). "Variation in Feed Ingredient Quality: Oilseed Meals". Animal Feed Science and Technology. 59 (1-3): 129-135. ... Animal-based fats, in contrast, contain saturated fats, which are linked to cardiovascular disease. Different oilseed species ... This surpasses the next-leading canola meal, which is also nutritionally adept for feeding to poultry and swine, by a full 51 ... In fact, soybean meal accounts for 63% of the protein feed sources that are utilized globally. ...

*Mannan oligosaccharide-based nutritional supplements

In farmed animals, gut health has an additional dimension, as a healthy gut enables more efficient use of feed, called the feed ... Farmed fish larvae are often fed with live feed cultures. As the intensive nature of live feed cultures provide ideal ... As animal health and performance are influenced by many factors other than nutrition, the responses to a feed additive will ... Today, however, there is a global push to reduce the use of medically important antibiotics as feed additives for farm animals ...

*Fusarium ear blight

Animal Feed Science and Technology. 80 (3-4): 183-205. doi:10.1016/s0377-8401(99)00059-0. Miller, J. David (2008-02-01). " ... in Finished Wheat Products for Human Consumption and Grains and Grain By-Products used for Animal Feed". www.fda.gov. Retrieved ... In the U.S there are advisory levels for DON in human food and livestock feed. The European Union has legislative limits for ... DON is a protein synthesis inhibitor, also called vomitoxin, due to its negative effects on feed intake in pigs. Pigs are the ...

*Chickpea

... in animal nutrition: A review. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 168: 1-20. doi:10.1016/j.anifeedsci.2011.04.098 Mishra, U.S ... Perennial chickpeas are a fundamental source of nutrition in animal feed as they are high sources of energy and protein for ... Animal Feed Science and Technology. 168: 1-20. doi:10.1016/j.anifeedsci.2011.04.098. El-Adawy, T.A. (2002). "Nutritional ... Chickpeas serve as an energy and protein source as animal feed. Raw chickpeas have a lower trypsin and chymotrypsin inhibitor ...

*Food waste

Certain food waste (such as flesh) can also be used as feed in maggot farming. The maggots can then be fed to other animals. ... 169 Chicken Feed: How to Feed Chickens. "Feeding Chickens: What to feed chickens to keep them healthy , Keeping Chickens: A ... including animal feed, compost or recovery to bioenergy) is counted as food loss or waste. Plants and animals produced for food ... The feeding of food scraps to domesticated animals is, historically, the most common way of dealing with household food waste. ...

*Lallemantia oil

"Lallemantia iberica". Animal Feed Resources Information System. FAO. Retrieved 2006-11-08. S. Facciola (1990). Cornucopia. ...

*North Ronaldsay sheep

Hansen, H. R. (2003). "A qualitative and quantitative evaluation of the seaweed diet of North Ronaldsay sheep". Animal Feed ... List of breeds documented in the Global Databank for Animal Genetic Resources, annex to The State of the World's Animal Genetic ... Feeding begins around 3.5 hours after high tide as the areas of kelp and seaweed are exposed. Four hours later, which is just ... The sheep are herded inside these punds twice a year, the only time they have access to grass feed. Even at these times, many ...

*Mara River

The river is a vital source to grazing animals within the reserve. Although during the dry season it may often appear shallow, ... The Mara River basin is one of the ten drainage basins that feed into Lake Victoria, and is therefore functionally and ... which feed the downstream Mara wetlands. These streams and wetlands continue for about 70 kilometres downstream. In this part ...

*Mycoestrogen

Animal Feed Science and Technology. 137 (3-4): 326-341. doi:10.1016/j.anifeedsci.2007.06.008. Richardson, Kurt E.; Hagler, ...
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A livestock feed supplement block including a molded base and a livestock feed supplement composition compressed into and extending upwardly from the base. The molded base includes a generally cylindrical wall having a radially inwardly extending annular shelf, and a generally circular floor that is integrally formed with the wall to define an upwardly open interior cavity. The floor of the base is configured and arranged to define a downwardly open channel, the opposite ends of the channel being defined by a pair of downwardly open notches in the wall, the channel having a center line disposed away from the center of the generally circular floor. A plurality of upwardly extending pins are located at intervals along the annular shelf of the wall. The livestock feed supplement composition has an upper end and a generally cylindrical outer surface, and the distance between the upper end of the feed supplement composition and the lower end of the cylindrical wall is at least about twice the distance
The FAO Expert Consultation and Workshop on Protein Sources for the Animal Feed Industry was held in Bangkok, Thailand, from 29 April to 3 May 2002. This Consultation included talks by experts on the overview of world protein needs and supply; scientific aspects of protein nutrition of farm animals; local protein resources and supplementation for livestock production; the agricultural alternatives for the production of increased supplies of protein feeds from oilseeds, legumes and by-products; and innovative developments in the production and delivery of protein raw materials. It also included a discussion on the world market and sources of proteins for the animal feed industry: present and future trends, problems and perceptions of feed safety and developments in the feed industry.
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Important Dates: Businesses have a staggered number of years after publication of the final rule to comply, based on business size. In addition, there will be staggered compliance between the CGMP requirements and the Preventive Control Requirements. For Compliance periods go to the GMA Resource section below. Links to GMA Resources:. In-Depth Analysis of the Original Animal Feed Proposed Rule GMA Comments on the Original Animal Feed Proposed Rule. In-Depth Analysis of the Supplemental Animal Feed Rule. GMA Comments on Economically Motivated Adulteration GMA Comments on Preventative Controls for Animal Food. FSMA Timeline and Milestones. GMA Reference Sheet for FSMA Compliance Dates. GMA Summary Reference Sheet for FSMA Compliance Dates. Links to FSMA Documents:. Full Text of the Original Animal Feed Proposed Rule. Full Text of the Supplemental Animal Feed Rule. Redlined Supplemental Animal Feed Rule. Full Text of the Animal Feed Final Rule. Original Animal Feed PRIA. Supplemental Animal Feed ...
Press Release issued Feb 8, 2017: The report Water-Soluble Vitamin & Mineral Feed Supplements Market by Vitamin Type (Vit B Complex [B1, B2, B3, B5, B6, B9], Vit C), Mineral Type (P, K, Ca, Mg, Na, Fe, Zn, Cu, Mn), Livestock (Poultry, Swine, Ruminants, Aquaculture) - Global Forecast to 2022, The water-soluble vitamin feed supplements market is projected to grow at a CAGR of 7.24% from 2016, to reach a projected value of USD 4.39 Billion by 2022. The mineral feed supplements market is projected to grow at a CAGR of 4.76% from 2016 to reach USD 7.20 Billion by 2022.
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As global disposable income increases, consumers have developed a palate for protein, and, over the past five years, the feed industry has delivered. The analysis of five-year trends showed growth predominantly from the pig, poultry and aqua feed sectors and intensification of production in the African, Middle Eastern, Latin American and European regions. The future of the feed industry will evolve based on a rapidly-growing global population and a changing socioeconomic climate, with an increasingly involved consumer and the constant pursuit of greater efficiency. Aidan Connolly at Alltech explains that the future focus of the feed industry will be to verify the products ability to meet consumer demands of safety and sustainability. ...
Three studies were conducted to evaluate the effects of dried distillers grains with solubles (DDGS) on feed intake in growing pigs. In all experiments, pigs were housed in 10.5 × 10.3 ft pens with four 1-hole feeders in each pen to allow pigs to choose from four dietary treatments. In Experiment 1, we evaluated the influence of DDGS drying method on palatability of DDGS. Diets were a control corn soybean-meal diet or a corn soybean-meal diet with 30% DDGS from one of two drying techniques (plant dried, hand dried, or not dried). Overall, ADFI was less (P,0.05) for all DDGS drying methods than for the cornsoybean control. For Experiment 2, we compared the influence of DDGS grain source on feed intake. We compared differences between a corn-soybean meal diet and cornsoybean meal diets with 30% DDGS from two corn facilities or one milo facility. Overall, adding 30% DDGS from all sources reduced (P,0.05) ADFI below that of corn-soybean meal diets. In Experiment 3, we used gas chromatography/mass ...
Nutrition and Feeding: 1) A catfish fecal collecting system consisting seven 3-gallon digestibility tanks have been built. Preliminary tests show the digestibility coefficients for protein and dry matter were comparable to results previously reported for practical catfish diets. A digestibility trial was initiated in June 2010 to determine apparent nutrient and energy digestibility coefficients for several alternative protein sources including corn gluten feed, distillers dried grains with soluble, canola meal, poultry by-product meal, and hydrolyzed feather meal. Fish are currently being fed and fecal samples being collected. 2) A pond study was initiated in March 2010 to evaluate the use of corn gluten feed and cottonseed meal to partially replace soybean meal and corn in catfish feeds. The study tests five isonitrogenous (28% protein) diets with corn gluten feed and cottonseed meal (approximately 1:1 ratio) replacing 0, 25, 50, 75, and 100% soybean meal in the diet. Fish are currently being ...
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A trial was conducted to investigate the interactive effects of modified tall oil (MTO) and vitamin E on growth performance and carcass characteristics of growing-finishing barrows. Feeding MTO resulted in increased ADG and improved F/G during the growing phase; otherwise dietary treatment did not affect growth performance during the rest of the trial or overall. Feeding MTO also decreased backfat thickness and increased belly firmness. Increasing vitamin E in diets containing MTO decreased drip loss percentage of the loin. These results indicate that MTO may function as a growth promoter; reduce backfat; and in conjunction with vitamin E, itnprove some aspects of meat quality ...
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Effects of high energy diet on growth performance, carcass characteristics, and blood constituents of Hanwoo steers distributed by estimated breeding value for meat quality - High energy diet;EBV;Hanwoo steers;Blood composition;
Press Release issued Apr 20, 2016: Feed additives are generally managed for animal nutrition for the objective of enhancing the feed quality and food quality. Swine feed are utilized to deliver nutrition to swine during their nurturing process. Feed extracts are essential in animal nutrition as they enhance digestibility of the feed. Some of the major feed essences in pork diet includes emulsifiers, enzymes, antioxidants and antimicrobials. Robust pork production and rising demand for quality pork meat is likely to rise the demand of swine feed all over the world. Swine feed includes cakes, cereals and meals, minerals, vitamins, fats and oils and supplements which include grass, hay and legumes. It has been noticed that swine feed has rich fiber content, minerals, vitamins and other nutritional advantages. Pork is a significant choice of meat all across the globe and is anticipated to uplift the related feed market all over the world.
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Introduction Nutritional requirement systems, such as the Cornell Net Carbohydrate and Protein System (CNCPS; Fox et al., 2004) and the NRC (2001) consider the data of the food chemical composition, rumen degradation parameters, intestinal digestibility of the nitrogenous and carbohydrates fractions, specific adjustments to the bred parameters, animal category, production level, and the interaction of these variables with climatic conditions and management (Tedeschi et al., 2005), in order to formulate balanced diets and/or develop supplementation strategies. The CNCPS model has been used for over 20 years and, like most systems, was designed using the nutritional requirements of specialized European breeds, reared under controlled conditions and fed food from temperate climates. This model uses mechanistic and empirical relationships in the nutritional diagnosis to formulate and evaluate cattle diets (Fox et al., 1995). From the nutritional characteristics of the dietary ingredients and their ...
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A new website, www.feedpail.com, is now available for feed manufacturers and livestock producers to save time and reduce costs when buying bulk feed ingredients.. Dairy, beef, swine and poultry producers, as well as other bulk feed buyers, now have direct access to the feed ingredients they need through the free site. The free service allows users to see prices and availability of more than 50 bulk feed ingredients such as fats and oils, animal proteins, grain byproducts, minerals and more.. Feedpail was developed by Ryan Cooney, who wanted to create a quicker, easier and more enjoyable way to buy and sell feed ingredients. He says people involved in feeding livestock are considering a larger number of ingredient options today than ever before. But more and more these same people are limited by their available time and network of sellers they know.. Feedpail streamlines the price discovery and purchasing process of buying and selling feed ingredients. Anyone who buys or sells bulk feed ...
Five ruminally cannulated steers (464 ± 26 kg BW) consuming low-quality forage (5% CP; 78% NDF; DM basis) were used in an incomplete 5 × 4 Latin square with four 18-d periods to determine the influence of supplemental N source and supplementation frequency (SF) on ruminal fermentation dynamics. Treatments (TRT), arranged as a 2 × 2 factorial with a negative control (CON), consisted of no supplemental CP and daily (D) or every-other-day (2D) provision of supplements in which SBM or urea was the primary source of supplemental CP. Urea supplements were provided to meet 100% of the degradable intake protein requirement while SBM supplements were provided on an isonitrogenous basis. The D TRT were provided CP at 0.04% of BW/day while 2D TRT were provided CP at 0.08% of BW every-other-day. Therefore, all supplemented TRT received an equal quantity of supplemental CP over a 2-d period. Ruminal indigestible ADF (IADF) passage rate and NH3-N increased (P , 0.04) with supplemental CP on the day all ...
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This study reports a genome wide scan for chromosome regions and their haplotypes that significantly associated with average daily gain (ADG), dry matter intake (DMI), and residual feed intake (RFI) in beef cattle. The study used data from 597 Angus, 450 Charolais, and 616 crossbred beef cattle, and the Illumina Bovine SNP50 beadchip. Extended haplotype homozygosity was used to identify chromosome regions that had been recently selected for in the three groups of animals. Such regions in the crossbreds were tested for association with ADG, DMI, and RFI. At false discovery rates of 5% and 10%, there were six and eight chromosome regions showing significant associations with the traits, respectively. At nominal significance levels (at least P , 0.05), 23 regions with a total number of 31 haplotypes were found significantly associated with at least one of the three traits. The proportion of phenotypic variance explained by these 23 regions varied depending on the trait; the highest proportion for ...
Two new soya standards for the UK animal feed industry have been developed in response to consumer concerns for ethical and environmental soya production.
The present study conducted to investigate the effect of energy sources and levels on performance and breast meat amino acids profile in Cobb 500 broiler chicks. A total of 600 1-day-old Cobb 500 broiler chicks with an average weight of 39 ± 0.50 g were randomly divided into five treatments. Each treatment was further divided into four replicates. Chicks were fed a basal diet based on corn and energy level was same as Cobb 500 manual as control group, the basal diet with 3% lesser energy than control (T1), the basal diet with 6% lesser energy than control (T2), the basal diet based on corn and fat level according to Cobb 500 instruction manual (T3), the basal diet based on corn and fat with 3% upper energy (T4) for 42 days. Results showed that the best and the worst performance were for T4 and T2, respectively. Also, feed intake of chicks increased significantly in T4. Body weight gain was also significantly higher in the treated group with the basal diet based on corn and fat with 3% upper energy (T4)
Digestibility and feeding trials for 10 and 90 days were conducted using 25 yearling Farta rams with a mean body weight (BW) of 16.8 ± 0.17 kg (mean ± SD) to study the effects of supplementation with sole or mixtures of noug seed meal (NSM) and wheat bran (WB) on feed intake, digestibility and BW change in Farta sheep fed hay. The experimental design was a randomized complete block design. The sheep were arranged in five blocks based on initial BW, and the five treatments were assigned randomly to each animal in a block. The five treatments comprised of ad libitum hay (control, T1) and ad libitum hay plus daily supplementation of 300 g dry matter (DM) sole WB (T2), 2WB:1NSM (T3), 1WB:2NSM (T4) and sole NSM (T5). Supplementation increased total DM (P , 0.01) and crude protein (CP) (P , 0.001) intake and promoted daily BW gain (P , 0.001). Non- supplemented sheep consumed more (P , 0.01) hay DM compared to the supplemented treatments, except T2. Among supplemented sheep, T5 had higher (P , ...
R & D INITIATIVES FOR DEVELOPING FEED SUPPLEMENTS. Animal Nutrition group has developed GarbhaMin bolus for curing problem of anoestrus/repeat breeding in dairy animals. Calsagar feed pellets for supplementing calcium, phosphorus and vitamin D3 for enhanced milk production. NDDB has developed rumen protected choline chloride as supplement along with bypass fat for improved milk production and conception rate in dairy animals. Development of a formulation to reduce incidences of sub-clinical mastitis is underway.. ...
The effects of sorghum distillers dried grains with solubles (sorghum-DDGS) in growing pig diets on growth performance and carcass quality were investigated. A total of 204 animals of 13.9 +/- 2.60 kg body weight (BW) were allocated into two dietary treatments, a conventional diet (C) and a diet containing sorghum-DDGS (DDGS). DDGS inclusion levels used were 150 g kg(-1) in pigs from 14-40 kg BW, 300 g kg(-1) from 40-80 kg BW and 350 g kg(-1) from 80 kg BW to slaughter. Animals' body weight, feed intake, backfat thickness (BF) and loin depth (LD) were measured throughout the study. Protein, fibre and fat content of sorghum-DDGS were approximately three times-fold those of the whole grain. During the nursery period, feed intake and final BW tended to be lower in the group of pigs fed DDGS compared to the piglets fed C diet (871.4 g d (1) and 30 kg vs 951.1 g d (1) and 31 kg). During the growing period no differences were found on growth performance between treatments. Pigs fed sorghum-DDGS ...
Feed conversion ratio (FCR) is the ratio of inputs to outputs; it is the inverse of "feed efficiency" which is the ratio of outputs to inputs.[2] FCR is widely used in hog and poultry production, while FE is used more commonly with cattle.[2] Being a ratio the FCR is dimensionless, that is, it is not affected by the units of measurement used to determine the FCR.[3] FCR a function of the animals genetics[4] and age,[5] the quality and ingredients of the feed,[5] and the conditions in which the animal is kept,[1][6] and storage and use of the feed by the farmworkers.[7] As a rule of thumb, the daily FCR is low for young animals (when relative growth is large) and increases for older animals (when relative growth tends to level out). However FCR is a poor basis to use for selecting animals to improve genetics, as that results in larger animals that costs more to feed; instead Residual Feed Intake (RFI) is used which is independent of size.[8] RFI uses for output the difference between actual ...
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Feed Efficiency in the Beef Industry provides a thorough and concise overview of feed efficiency in beef cattle. It frames the great importance of feed efficiency to the industry and details the latest findings of the many scientific disciplines that intersect and aim to improve efficient and sustainable production of nutritious beef. The vast majority of production costs are directly tied to feed. With increased demand for grains to feed a rapidly increasing world population and to supply a new demand for alternative fuels, feed costs continue to increase. In recent years, the negative environmental impacts of inefficient feeding have also been realized; as such feed efficiency is an important factor in both economic viability and environmental sustainability of cattle production.. Feed Efficiency in the Beef Industry covers a broad range of topics ranging from economic evaluation of feed efficiency to the physiological and genetic bases of efficient conversion of feed to high quality beef. ...
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Yellow grease, also termed used cooking oil (UCO), used vegetable oil (UVO), recycled vegetable oil, or waste vegetable oil (WVO) is recovered from businesses and industry that use the oil for cooking. It is used to feed livestock, and to manufacture soap, make-up, clothes, rubber, and detergents. Due to competition from these other industrial sectors, the EIA estimates that less than a third of yellow grease could be spared for biodiesel production annually. It is distinct from brown grease; yellow grease is typically used frying oils from deep fryers, whereas brown grease is sourced from grease interceptors. Yellow grease can also refer to lower-quality grades of tallow (cow or sheep fat) from animal rendering plants. The term has been in use for some time. A source from 1896 describes it as follows: "Yellow grease is made by packers. All the refuse materials of the packing houses go into the yellow grease tank, together with any hogs which may die on the packers hands." Bioliquids Biodiesel ...
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With the successful sales of its feed additives sourced from Biomin, Zintec Feed Supplements has decided to set up a stand alone division: Zintec Feed Solutions. This new division will be responsible for the distribution of feed additives to the feed industry.
At 21 days of age, T3 and T4 birds were significantly heavier than T1 birds (708 and 698 versus 688g, respectively).. Feed conversion ratio was significantly lower for T3 versus T1 birds (1.524 versus 1.611, respectively).. No differences were detected for feed intake and mortality.. At 42 days, T3 and T4 birds were significantly heavier than T1 birds (2.296 and 2.296 versus 2.226kg, respectively). Feed intake was higher in T3 birds than in T1 and T2 birds (4.121 versus 4.032 and 4.039 kg, respectively) but no difference in feed conversion ratio was observed between treatments.. No differences were detected for bodyweight, feed intake, feed conversion ratio, mortality, carcass yield (per cent), breast yield (per cent) or breast-to-carcass ratio at 48 days of age.. Feed formulation using NIRS as the source of information for ingredient amino acid content (T2, T3 and T4) improved broiler bodyweight at 21 and 42 days without affecting feed conversion ratio, concluded the researchers.. ...
Heat stress (HS) is one of the costliest issues in the U.S. pork industry. Aims of the present study were to determine the consequences of repeated exposure to HS on growth performance, and the effects of a high fiber diet, the genetic potential for high lean tissue accretion, and the genetic potential for residual feed intake (RFI) on resilience to HS. Barrows (n = 97) from three genetic lines (commercial, high RFI, low RFI) where subjected three times to a 4-day HS treatment (HS1, HS2, and HS3) which was preceded by a 9-day neutral (TN) adaptation period (TN1) and alternated by 7-day periods of neutral temperatures (TN2, TN3, and TN4). Body weight gain (BWG), feed intake (FI), feed conversion efficiency (FCE), RFI, and the drop in BWG and FI between TN and HS were estimated for each period, and slaughter traits were measured at the end of TN4. Commercial pigs had lower FI when fed a high fiber diet compared to a regular diet (2.70 ± 0.08 vs 2.96 ± 0.08 kg/d; P
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Recommended feeding rates are generally 1 to 2 percent of the feed ration or 40 to 50 pounds of SeaLife to 1 ton of feed.. Dairy Cows and Beef Cattle: 2 - 4 oz. per day. Heifers: 2 - 4 oz. per day. Calves: 1 2 oz. per day. Range Cattle: free choice at two parts meal to one part salt mix. Horses: oz. per day. Goats: 2% of ration. Sheep: 2% of ration. Swine: Free choice or 50 lbs to 2000 lbs of complete ration. Chickens, broilers or layers: 1% of total feed pre-mixed. Turkeys: 1 to 2% of total feed pre-mixed. Dogs (standard size): 1 teaspoon per day. Cats: teaspoon per day. * oz = 1 Rounded Tablespoon. [Review Typical Analysis]. ...
U.S. Magistrate Judge Theodore Katz has ordered the Food and Drug Administration to evaluate the safety risks to human health associated with the use of antibiotics in food-producing animals. According to the Manhattan Judge, the agency has done - shockingly little - since proposing in the 1970s to order a substantial reduction in the use of antibiotics in animal feed.. Katz rejected FDAs argument that it had addressed the threat from antibiotics by initiating a voluntary program that encourages the industry to use the drugs - judiciously - because public hearings would consume extensive periods of time and agency resources. In its failure to act, Katz wrote - the agency avoided the Congressionally mandated scheme for addressing drugs not shown to be safe.. The issue focuses mainly on the use of penicillin and two forms of tetracycline in animal feed. Studies have shown that antibiotics used in animal feed are likely to lead to drug-resistant superbugs that can spread to humans.. ...
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Fig. 1: Economic evaluation of different application strategies for a feed additive in tilapia farming. Data show change of farm revenues and return of investment, relative to the non-supplemented control group. Treatment groups differ in inclusion of the feed additive and formulation: AG3 (control feed + 3 kg/MT Aquagest OMF throughout the production cycle), AG3/1.5 (control feed + 3 kg/MT till 350g; followed by 1.5 kg/MT till harvest), LC/AG2 (low cost feed + 2 kg/MT).. The low cost feed performed significantly worse compared to the control feed in most parameters, particularly in terms of survival, feed conversion and fileting yield. The addition of 2 kg/MT of the feed additive was only capable of improving growth but the nutritional impact of reducing the protein digestibility and amino acid balance in this feed heavily affected the overall performance, particularly FCR and survival. This resulted in 10% reduced revenues compared to control and showed the importance of maintaining the ...
In the province it is common to see animal feeds vendors or Agricultural and Poultry supplier. As we all know animal feeds like swine, poultry, duck, quail, and fish is very in demand there.. So, how could we be a dealer of a feed company and how do we earn from the feeds?. In some big feed company they require a would be distributor to make a bond/collateral before they can sell their product. Also, the company will require you a certain minimum bags per month which you can only sale at a specified area. Example, they will give you the right to sell their feeds in San miguel Bulacan but you need to sell about 10,000 bags per month. 10, 000 is a huge volume but as a distributor you could then create your downline or dealer. Now, youre dealer will be the one that will sell the product in a specified barangay. You could also give your dealer a target minimum volume per month.. How much do you earn?. It depends on how much discount the company will give you. Some will give a 60-100 pesos discount ...
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GLOBAL - The Specialty Feed Ingredients Sustainability (SFIS) Project Consortium, dedicated to reducing the environmental impact of livestock production through innovative specialty feed ingredients, has announced the results of a year-long study, which confirms the role of Specialty Feed Ingredients (SFIs) in reducing the environmental impact of livestock production.
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Rapeseed meal is a highly protein feed ingredient for animal feed. Protein : 36-38 % . Appearance : Brownish . Application area : Animal feed , Cattle feed , Poultry feed , Aqua feed , Dog feed and Swine feed etc. Aniaml feed , Cattle Feed, Aqua...
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The reduction in the use of therapeutic antibiotics in piglet feeds is not yet common practice in Europe, but it is very likely that all the European member states will soon have to move in this direction. The feed industry should be prepared for these changes. Whether plasma will then be the alternative is still questioned, since some EU countries, like United Kingdom and France, are still reluctant about the reintroduction of porcine plasma proteins. This mind-set is predominantly based on (BSE) emotions and unfortunately not on science. Nevertheless we can state that in piglet feeds, plasma proteins are the best performing and documented alternative to antibiotics. Even when antibiotics or ZnO are being used in weaning diets, the addition of plasma proteins still improve the performance because they stimulate the feed intake of the piglets while antibiotics and ZnO mostly have a negative effect on palatability. The reintroduction of porcine plasma was not an easy step to take, because it ...
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The Hypor Libra* is bred to produce large litters of quality pigs that are also feed efficient. Like everything Hypor does, we achieve this through extensive research and cutting edge technology. Collecting data from more than 300 electronic feed stations worldwide, we measure physical characteristics such as feed intake and growth and calculate the feed conversion ratio (FCR) and residual feed intake (RFI) of individual pigs. RFI is a more advanced way of improving efficiency by comparing what the pig requires to the actual amount of feed consumed. All of this information is used to improve Hypor Libra*s FCR and, more importantly, to boost your profits. By balancing reproduction and mothering traits with production ability, the Hypor Libra* decreases the cost of production throughout the production chain. Now THATS Total System Profitability. ...
Quality Feeds Ltd was founded in 1995, with a commitment to produce and market animal feed products of high quality standard and absolute hygiene to the farmers. QFL has deep roots and connections to some of the feed industry pioneers who paved the way for excellence in animal nutrition.. QFL produces and distributes poultry, fish, shrimp and cattle feed throughout Bangladesh through 9 Zonal Offices, 21 Regional Offices, 22 Depots and 13 Poultry Diseases Diagnosis Lab with the contribution of more than 700 agents. QFL has over the years become synonymous with quality & a trusted partner as a feed manufacturer in Bangladesh. The Company has 13 independent plants capable of producing pelleted feed (both sinking & floating) as well as mash feed. The plants are strategically located in Gazipur and Bogra.. The total installed output capacity is 3,80,000 metric tons per annum.. QFL has five sister concern companies involved in agro processing and packaging.. ...
THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN PERFORMANCE, RESIDUAL FEED INTAKE, AND TEMPERAMENT ASSESSED IN GROWING HEIFERS AND SUBSEQUENTLY AS THREE-YEAR OLD SUCKLED BEEF COWS We determined the relationship between performance, residual feed intake (RFI), and temperament measured in weaned, growing heifers (Phase I) and subsequently measured in lactating beef cows (Phase II) of the same cohort. Individual performance and daily dry matter intakes (DMI) were evaluated in 74 yearling heifers of diverse breedtypes and were subsequently reevaluated for those females upon the birth (? 3.5 d) of their second calf. A 21-d acclimation period (Phase I) or 14-d acclimation period (Phase II) preceded a 70 d test, where individual feed intakes of a forage-based diet were recorded by the GrowSafe System (? GrowSafe Systems Ltd., Alberta, Canada, 2011). Cattle were weighed every 14 d (Phase I) or 7 d (Phase II) and a linear regression of body weight (BW) against day on test was used to derive average daily gain (ADG). For both ...
The desire to maximize feed efficiency through a more finely ground feed must be balanced against the cost of the additional processing, potential difficulties with diet flowability and possible impacts on animal health, notably gastric ulcers [56]. Ulcers become a greater issue when particle size falls below about 500 microns and when diets are pelleted.. The desire to further reduce particle size to less than 600 microns has resulted in problems with the flowability of diets, which in turn impacts manufacturing, transportation and delivery of feed. As a consequence, and coincident with unusually high feed costs since 2009, many pork producers and feed companies in North America switched from mash to pelleted diets, something adopted by European producers many years earlier due to their higher feed costs.. Pelleting provides a clear benefit in terms of feed efficiency [60], but the real advantage of pelleting is confounded by particle size. It is well understood that the benefit of pelleting is ...
SZLH series of ring die feed pellet mill applies to processing grains such as corn, wheat, beans, etc into poultry feed and aquatic feed pellets. Our SZLH ring die feed pellet mill has a good market worldwide and enjoys a high reputation with professional installation guidance and technical support.Need large scale animal feed production? ring die feed pellet mill is specially designed for you ...
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The grains and milling sector - the base for the entire industry in Africa. The grains industry in Africa - from production, handling, storage, processing, packaging, distribution and retail - has grown tremendously from the earlier days when majority of millers were state owned into the hands of the private sector.. The demand for packaged grains and legumes, milled products (from wheat, maize, rice and other grains including sorghum) continues to rise in Africa. Animal feed demand is projected to grow in tandem with the growth in the demand for milk and meat in the region.. Higher value products including breakfast cereals and pasta have found new consumers in the Continent driven by a young, fast growing young and urbanising population, offering the next growth frontier for processors.. AFMASS Conferences & Expos is the best platform for the grains, milling and feed industry in Africa to source for solutions that improve efficiency in production, packaging and distribution; reduce costs of ...
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One of them is just the passage of time. We have lost so many records and the ability to know what was there"​ when DSHEA first passed, he said.. "The second, and probably bigger problem is that FDA has proposed we look at manufacturing changes or because of a change in chemistry somehow"​ that what would have been an old dietary ingredient is now new, he said.. As a result, he says, industry and FDA must consider how manufacturing changes and chemical alteration related to an ingredients potential position on the old​ list.. "Once we understand how that is going to work, then it will be easier, I think, more efficient to make progress in all three areas,"​ he said.. This concern was echoed by others at the meeting, including the Council for Responsible Nutrition.. "There are some groups really focused on, saying having evidence that something was in the market that doesnt prove safety, and therefore, we have to get very specific about that evidence and we have to know what kind of ...
Find and compare a variety of animal feed ingredients under control downloads on agriculture-xprt.com on the worlds largest agricultural portal. View product and services catalogs, brochures, case studies, company news and more. Contact providers ...
SUPLEXAN® HEPA is a composition of herbal extracts, carnitine, choline, betaine and magnesium. The product is intended to stimulate appetite and metabolism. SUPLEXAN® HEPA regulates the function of the liver and pancreas, as well as accelerates detoxification and elimination of toxins from the body. The product is also recommended during periods of increased burden on the body, such as: fattening, lactation or change of diet.
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Foothill Feed & Grain is located at 18541 E Chapman Ave Orange, CA 92869. Leave a rating for Foothill Feed & Grain. Get more information and find Orange area Animal Feed at ANIMAL-FEED-STORES.CMAC.WS. Manage and control your companys online reputation, update contact information and include personalized details.
Studies quantifying the differences between bulls and steers have generally shown that bulls gain more rapidly and more efficiently than steers and produce leaner carcasses. The average of these studies gave bulls a 17 percent advantage in average daily gain and a 13 percent advantage in converting feed to liveweight gain. Feed efficiencies reported in these studies were determined on animals fed to similar ages or weights. The effects of sex condition on feed efficiency of animals fed to a similar fat composition or marbling endpoint needs to be examined.
The treatments were as follows: control-basal diets with no supplementary NCF, basal diet plus 0.2 g NCF/kg and basal diet plus 0.4 g NCF/kg. Actigen (Alltech Inc.) was used as the source of NCF. The body weight of the birds was measured weekly. Feed intake was recorded for each dietary period (starter, grower and finisher) for each pen. Based on the recorded data, feed conversion ratio (FCR) was calculated for each dietary period (1 - 14 d, 15 - 35 d, 36 - 42 d). Mortality and culls were recorded daily. The FCR was corrected for the body weights of birds that died.. At 28 days old, 10 birds of average body weight were sacrificed from each treatment, and the following were measured: live body weight, duodenum, jejunum and ileum length, small intestine, liver, pancreas, spleen and bursa of Fabricius weights. Lengths of identified sections of the small intestine and total small intestine length were expressed as cm/100 g of live body weight, and organ weights were expressed as percentage of live ...
The treatments were as follows: control-basal diets with no supplementary NCF, basal diet plus 0.2 g NCF/kg and basal diet plus 0.4 g NCF/kg. Actigen (Alltech Inc.) was used as the source of NCF. The body weight of the birds was measured weekly. Feed intake was recorded for each dietary period (starter, grower and finisher) for each pen. Based on the recorded data, feed conversion ratio (FCR) was calculated for each dietary period (1 - 14 d, 15 - 35 d, 36 - 42 d). Mortality and culls were recorded daily. The FCR was corrected for the body weights of birds that died.. At 28 days old, 10 birds of average body weight were sacrificed from each treatment, and the following were measured: live body weight, duodenum, jejunum and ileum length, small intestine, liver, pancreas, spleen and bursa of Fabricius weights. Lengths of identified sections of the small intestine and total small intestine length were expressed as cm/100 g of live body weight, and organ weights were expressed as percentage of live ...
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In a review from the literature, Tokach and Gonçalves (2014) summarized the key concepts related to energy and amino acids in the feeding of finishing pigs:. Dietary energy. The pigs nutrient requirement for lean deposition has two different phases: an energy dependent phase and a protein dependent phase. In the energy dependent phase, feed intake is the limiting factor because the voluntary feed intake is below the pigs growth potential. On the other hand, in the protein dependent phase, feed intake is not a limiting factor because the voluntary feed intake is above the pigs requirement for protein deposition (Dunkin et al., 1986). Any consumption beyond that required for maximal protein deposition results in increased fat deposition (Campbell et al., 1988). Whether a pig consumes feed beyond that required for maximal protein deposition depends on several factors, including the pigs genetic potential, energy density of the diet, and environmental constraints (Ex. heat, space allowance, ...
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Key points: In August 2012 the total GB retail production of animal feed was up 4.1% compared with August 2011. In August 2012 the total GB retail production of animal feed was up 4.1% compared...
[111 Pages Report] Check for Discount on United States Animal Feed Amino Acid Market Report 2017 report by QYResearch Group. In this report, the United States Animal Feed Amino Acid...
According to the report "China Aquatic Feed Industry Profile", recently published by Beijing Zeefer Consulting Ltd., the major distribution areas of aquatic feed industry in China are Fujian, Shandong and Henan provinces. More than 20 above sized enterprises located in Fujian province with total sales of US$ 280 million.. May , 2010 - Beijing, China - Beijing Zeefer Consulting Ltd. has published a new research report called "China Aquatic Feed Industry Profile". This report provides key data and concise analyses, presents a comparative analysis on the development of aquatic feed industry in 31 provincial regions and 20 major cities in visualized form of data map. As shown in this report, the major distribution areas for aquatic feed industry are Fujian, Shandong and Henan. More than 20 above sized enterprises located in Fujian province with total sales of US$ 280 million, accounting for 26% over that in China. The report also includes a list of top 20 enterprises in the sector and the comparison ...
The pyrolysis and oxidation kinetics of distillers grains and solubles were determined using thermogravimetric analysis. The starting temperature of pyrolysis and oxidation of distillers grains and solubles increased with the increase of heating rate and initial moisture content. The pyrolysis and oxidation of distillers grains and solubles were completed at 650°C and 850°C, respectively, which were independent of the heating rate and the initial moisture content. The residual weights of distillers grains and solubles after pyrolysis and oxidation were 27.15% and 5.49% of the original dry mass of distillers grains and solubles. Thermogravimetrical analysis data was used to determine kinetic parameters of the thermal degradation of distillers grains and solubles. Predicted dynamic residual weights of distillers grains and solubles during thermal degradation agreed well with experimental data. Keywords: biomass, distillers grains and solubles, kinetics, TGA, thermochemical
Animal Feed Trace Mineral Supplement Market Research Report Now Available at Research Corridor. Research Corridor has published a new research study titled "Animal Feed Trace Mineral Supplement Market - Size, Share, Growth, Trend, Opportunities, Competitive Analysis and Forecast, 2017 - 2025". The Animal Feed Trace Mineral Supplement Market report studies current as well as future aspects of the Animal Feed Trace Mineral Supplement Market based upon factors such as market dynamics, key ongoing trends and segmentation analysis. Apart from the above elements, the Animal Feed Trace Mineral Supplement Market research report provides a 360-degree view of the Animal Feed Trace Mineral Supplement industry with geographic segmentation, statistical forecast and the competitive landscape.. Browse the complete report at - http://www.researchcorridor.com/animal-feed-trace-mineral-supplement-market/. Geographically, the Animal Feed Trace Mineral Supplement Market report comprises dedicated sections centering ...
Three barrows weighing 45.0 kg, fitted with simple T-cannulas in both the duodenum and terminal ileum, were assigned to diets in a 3횞3 Latin Square design experiment to determine the effects of two calcium levels (0.8% vs 0.4%) on phytase activity and nutrient balance in growing pigs. The control diet contained 0.8% calcium, with no added inorganic phosphorus (0.45% total phosphorus) and no added phytase. The two additional experimental diets contained microbial phytase (750 phytase units/kg) and supplied either 0.8% or 0.4% calcium. With added microbial phytase, ileal and total tract digestibility of total phosphorus were improved by 20.9 and 13.8 percentage units, respectively (p=0.01). The apparent duodenal and ileal digestibility of phytate phosphorus were increased by 51.8 and 49.7 percentage units. (p=0.001). Lowering dietary calcium in the presence of microbial phytase increased the digestibility of phytate phosphorus by an additional 10.9 (p=0.001) and 5.7 percentage units for duodenal ...
Bangani N M, Botha J A, Muller C J C and Cruywagen C W 2000 The production performance of lactating Jersey cows receiving varying levels of Lucerne hay and oat silage as roughage sources. South African Journal of Animal Science: 30 (Supplement 1).. Barrios Urdaneta A, Fondevila M, Balcells J, Dapoza C and Castrillo C 2000 In vitro microbial digestion of straw cell wall polysaccharides in response to supplementation with different sources of carbohydrates. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research: 51, 393-399.. Blümmel M, Makkar H P S, Chisanga G, Mtimuni J and Becker K 1997 The prediction of dry matter intake of temperate and tropical roughages from in vitro digestibility/gas-production data, and the dry matter intake and in vivo digestibility of African roughages in relation to ruminant live weight gain. Animal Feed Science and Technology: 69 131-141.. Blümmel M and Ørskov E R 1993 Comparison of in vitro gas production and nylon bag degradability of roughages in predicting feed intake in ...
The effect of dietary substitution of casein with fishmeal, soybean meal and crustacean meal on the growth of the abalone Haliotis discus hannai Ino was determined. A 350 g casein per kilogram diet was included into the CS diet. The whole casein was then substituted by: (1) 300 g fishmeal and 200 g soybean meal per kilogram diet (FS), (2) 200 g fishmeal, 200 g soybean meal and 130 g krill meal per kilogram diet (FSK), (3) 200 g fishmeal, 200 g soybean meal and 280 g red crab meal per kilogram diet (FSC) or (4) 200 g fishmeal, 200 g soybean meal and 130 g shrimp head meal per kilogram diet (FSS). In addition, a 50-g by-product of green tea per kilogram diet was included in the FS diet to form the FSG diet. Sea tangle (ST)diet was supplied to abalone as a control feed. Weight gain, final shell length and final shell width of abalone fed with the various substitution feeds (FS, FSK, FSC, FSS and FSG) were not different from those obtained with the CS diet. All the formulated feeds, however, ...
URBANA, Ill. - Research at the University of Illinois is helping to determine the effect of growing conditions on the nutritional value of soybean meal. "The digestibility of phosphorus is the same in soybean meal grown in various regions in the United States," says Hans Stein, professor of animal sciences at Illinois.. "The chemical composition of soybean meal is somewhat dependent on the area in which soybeans are grown, but it was not known if there are differences in the concentration of phytate among soybeans grown in different areas," Stein says. He and Kelly Sotak-Peper, then a doctoral candidate, set out to determine whether any differences existed.. They sourced soybean meal from crushing plants in three different areas within the United States: the northern growing area (comprising Michigan, Minnesota, and South Dakota), eastern growing area (Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, and Ohio), and western growing area (Iowa, Missouri, and Nebraska). They measured no statistically significant ...
Abstract: Fish meal is the protein source traditionally used in aquaculture diets, yet it is a limited resource and is expensive. Alternative protein sources can lower the cost of aquaculture diets, reduce the amount of wild fish used as protein, and potentially reduce the nutrient levels in effluent waste. Soybean meal, poultry-by-product meal, and meat-and-bone meal have high protein contents and amino acid profiles similar to that of fish meal. They are readily available and less expensive than fish meal. In a previous study, black sea bass fed diets with up to 60% of the fish meal replaced by soybean meal showed no significant differences in growth rates compared to those fed a control FM diet (Alam et al., unpublished data). Based on these results, five diets were formulated that replaced fish meal protein by soybean meal at 0, 60, 70, 80, 90 and 100%. In addition, a diet with 60% of the fish meal replaced by poultry by-product meal and a diet with 30% of the fishmeal replaced by ...
Abstract The nutritive value of a forage largely determines ruminant animal daily performance through the provision of digestible energy, crude protein (CP), minerals, and vitamins. This chapter will examine the nutritional composition of tall fescue [Lolium arundinaceum (Schreb.) Darbysh.] in comparison with other perennial, cool-season grasses when managed as pasture, cut and preserved as hay or silage, or stockpiled in situ for later consumption. Unlike most cool-season grasses, the relationship between the nutritive value of tall fescue and animal daily response is variable. This is attributed to the presence of the endemic endophyte Neotyphodium coenophialum (Morgan-Jones and Gams) Glenn, Bacon, and Hanlin, which causes the host plant-fungus symbiont to produce alkaloids that can influence negatively animal utilization of nutrients. The nutrient composition of tall fescue, however, is not altered by the presence of the endophyte. In general, the nutritive value of tall fescue is similar to that

Animal Feed | CODEXALIMENTARIUSAnimal Feed | CODEXALIMENTARIUS

Animal Feed. Good animal feeding plays a vital role in animal health & welfare and in the production of safe and quality ... The Codex Code of Practice on good Animal Feeding establishes a feed safety system for food producing animals which covers the ... driving up demand for animal feed products.. *Feed safety impacts not just the health of animals but also that of producers, ... Codex work on animal feeding only addresses food safety and does not cover those issues of animal welfare, other than food ...
more infohttp://www.fao.org/fao-who-codexalimentarius/thematic-areas/animal-feed/en/

Concentrated animal feeding operation - WikipediaConcentrated animal feeding operation - Wikipedia

a b c d e f g h i j k l m n U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, "Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations Final Rulemaking - Q& ... a b c d Claudia Copeland, Animal Waste and Water Quality: EPA Regulation of Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations CAFO, in ... is an animal feeding operation (AFO) in which over 1000 animal units are confined for over 45 days a year. An animal unit is ... a b Claudia Copeland, Animal Waste and Water Quality: EPA Regulation of Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations CAFO, in WATER ...
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65.120 - Animal feeding stuffs65.120 - Animal feeding stuffs

Animal feeding stuffs -- Determination of aflatoxin B1 content of mixed feeding stuffs -- Method using high-performance liquid ... Animal feeding stuffs, animal products, and faeces or urine -- Determination of gross calorific value -- Bomb calorimeter ... Animal feeding stuffs -- Determination of nitrogen content and calculation of crude protein content -- Part 1: Kjeldahl method ... Animal feeding stuffs -- Determination of nitrogen content and calculation of crude protein content -- Part 2: Block digestion/ ...
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Animal Feed ProcessingAnimal Feed Processing

... ANDRITZ designs and manufactures all key processing machines and offers complete feed pelleting plant ... Rotary feed dressers. Ensures proper cleaning and dressing of dry-mash feeds and soft feed ingredients. ... Wherever your feed pelleting plant is located and whether you produce feed pellets for poultry, pigs, cattle etc., we offer a ... ANDRITZ equipment for feed pelleting. Our feed processing technologies are available in various models and with optional ...
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Tags: animal antibiotics, animal drug compliance, animal feed, antibiotic reistance, antimicrobial drugs, FDA, GFI #213, growth ... animal feed FDA warns cattle feed, cheese, supplement producers By Kelsey M. Mackin , September 18, 2017. A Kentucky cattle ... Tags: American Feed Industry Association, animal feed, FDA, FSMA, high-risk foods, intentional adulteration, National Grain and ... Tags: American Feed Industry Association, American Malting Barley Association, animal feed, Beer Institute, Chellie Pingree, ...
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Animal feed composition - CAN Technologies, Inc.Animal feed composition - CAN Technologies, Inc.

The feeds can include a mucosa byproduct which contains ... The animal feed of claim 1, wherein said animal feed includes ... Animal feeds, which include compositions utilizing mucosa byproducts derived from mucosal material, such as digested gut ... 3. The animal feed of claim 1, wherein said animal feed includes about 18 to 30 wt. % crude protein. 4. The animal feed of ... The animal feed of claim 1, wherein said animal feed includes about 0.1 to 0.6 wt. % nucleic acid material. 13. The animal feed ...
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Animal feed | European Food Safety AuthorityAnimal feed | European Food Safety Authority

Scientific advice on the safety and/or efficacy of additives and products or substances used in animal feed, as part of market ... Scientific advice on the safety and/or efficacy of additives and products or substances used in animal feed, as part of market ... Assessment of the application for renewal of authorisation of Levucell®SC (Saccharomyces cerevisiae CNCM I‐1077) as a feed ... Safety of natural mixture of illite, montmorillonite and kaolinite (Argile Verte du Velay) for all animal species ...
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Animal feed additives | Food Standards AgencyAnimal feed additives | Food Standards Agency

There are controls which outline additives which are authorised for use in animal feed. ... Feed additives can only be put on the market and used for animal feed within the EU if they have been authorised for use. ... Animal feed additives Feed additives can only be put on the market and used for animal feed within the EU if they have been ... Canthaxanthin in animal feed. Canthaxanthin may be used in animal feed to colour food products for human consumption, such as ...
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Hydroponic sprouts hyped as animal feed - SFGateHydroponic sprouts hyped as animal feed - SFGate

it only takes six days to grow a crop of grain sprouts large enough to feed 300 dairy cattle a day, or 800 horses, or 400,000 ... A unit that produces 4 1/2 tons of fodder a day - enough to feed 300 dairy cows or 800 horses - is 3,000 square feet. Customers ... Dairy farmers who have recently moved to the sprout-feeding system - some are buying Fodder Solution units, while others are ... Hydroponic sprouts hyped as animal feed. Agriculture Hydroponic sprouts hyped as efficient way to feed animals. By Stacy Finz ...
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PROTEIN SOURCES FOR THE ANIMAL FEED INDUSTRYPROTEIN SOURCES FOR THE ANIMAL FEED INDUSTRY

It also included a discussion on the world market and sources of proteins for the animal feed industry: present and future ... problems and perceptions of feed safety and developments in the feed industry. ... the agricultural alternatives for the production of increased supplies of protein feeds from oilseeds, legumes and by-products ... scientific aspects of protein nutrition of farm animals; local protein resources and supplementation for livestock production; ...
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Ethoxyquin: An Antioxidant Used in Animal FeedEthoxyquin: An Antioxidant Used in Animal Feed

... Alina Błaszczyk,1 Aleksandra Augustyniak,1 and Janusz Skolimowski2 ... T. Ohta, M. Moriya, Y. Kaneda et al., "Mutagenicity screening of feed additives in the microbial system," Mutation Research, ... G. H. McIntosh, J. S. Charnock, P. H. Phillips, and G. J. Baxter, "Acute intoxication of marmosets and rats fed high ... U.S Food and Drug Administration, Animal and Veterinary, "FDA requests that ethoxyquin levels be reduced in dog foods," 1997, ...
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Archives] Animal Feed: Food Scrap ManagementArchives] Animal Feed: Food Scrap Management

Provides contact information for food scrap material appropriate for animal feed for existing programs available for farmers ... Animal Feed. Direct Feed to Animals. Extreme care must be taken to prevent the spread of diseases such as swine fever, Exotic ... Please inquire with the California Department of Food and Agriculture for all information related to animal feed. ...
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MDARD - Commercial Animal Feed Program Staff Contact InformationMDARD - Commercial Animal Feed Program Staff Contact Information

For questions pertaining to the Commercial Feed Program, license applications, application status, tonnage or tonnage reporting ... Michigan Animal Feed Information. Commercial Animal Feed Program Staff Contact Information. For questions pertaining to the ... For Feed:. Tim Lyons, Interim Animal Feed Specialist. Telephone: 517-284-5644. Fax: 517-335-4540. Email: [email protected] ... Feed-related questions or complaints may also be directed to the Michigan Department of Agriculture and Rural Development, ...
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More ] May 6th, 2015 , No Comments , Posted in Algae animal feed, animal feed, feed, Research , ... More ] August 18th, 2016 , No Comments , Posted in Algae animal feed, algae meal to fish food, animal feed , ... More ] August 19th, 2017 , No Comments , Posted in Algae animal feed, animal feed, Photobioreactors, Research, University ... Posted in Algae animal feed, algae meal to fish food, Algae Non fuel products, Algae PUFA, animal feed, Omega 3 Fatty Acids , ...
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Small Animal Feeding | Pet Supplies - TescoSmall Animal Feeding | Pet Supplies - Tesco

Discover our selection of small animal feeding products at Tesco direct. Find everything your rabbit or hamster could need and ... make sure that theyre fed and watered with our selection of small animal feeding products, including robust water bottles. ...
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Animal Feeding Operations | Iowa DNRAnimal Feeding Operations | Iowa DNR

Animal Feeding Operations Technical Workgroup Report The Iowa DNR Animal Feeding Operations Technical Workgroup, comprised of ... Iowa Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations Air Quality Study. *NAS Report - Air Emissions from Animal Feeding Operations: ... The DNR has completed its field study of odor, hydrogen sulfide and ammonia concentrations near large animal feeding operations ... In addition, the report includes recommendations on the characterization of air emissions from animal feeding operations and ...
more infohttp://www.iowadnr.gov/Environmental-Protection/Air-Quality/Animal-Feeding-Operations

Animal Feeding Operations | Iowa DNRAnimal Feeding Operations | Iowa DNR

Iowa has two types of animal feeding operations (AFOs) regulated under the Department of Natural Resources: confinements and ... Animal Feeding Operations Iowa has two types of animal feeding operations (AFOs) regulated under the Department of Natural ... Overview of Animal Feeding Operations Iowa has two types of DNR-regulated animal feeding operations (AFOs): confinements and ... A confinement feeding operation (above) confines animals to areas that are totally roofed. Confinement feeding operations in ...
more infohttps://www.iowadnr.gov/Environmental-Protection/Land-Quality/Animal-Feeding-Operations

Animal Feeding - Penguin - Honolulu ZooAnimal Feeding - Penguin - Honolulu Zoo

Animal Feeding - Penguin. January 1 @ 10:00 am - 10:30 am. ,Recurring Event (See all). An event every day that begins at 10: ...
more infohttp://honoluluzoo.org/zoo-event/animal-feeding-penguin/2018-01-01/

Corn Animal FeedCorn Animal Feed

Electric Animal Poultry Feed Mill Wet Dry Grinder Corn Grain Rice Wheat 220V, maize animal feed Plant, Making Cow Feed - Corn ... yellow maize for animal feeding - Skype - sujit.jaysingh, The Cost of Corn-Fed Cattle, ... Animal feed. Animal feed is food given to domestic animals in the course of animal husbandry. There are two basic types, fodder ... maize animal feed Plant. maize animal feed Plant. This is a maize cattle feed plant manufactured by ANG Enterprise Vadodara. It ...
more infohttps://wn.com/Corn_animal_feed?from=cornanimalfeed.com

China dry yeast for animal feed wholesale 🇨🇳 - AlibabaChina dry yeast for animal feed wholesale 🇨🇳 - Alibaba

Source a Large Selection of Dry Yeast For Animal Feed Products at soybean meal animal feed ,barley feed animal ,yellow corn for ... China Dry Yeast For Animal Feed Suppliers and Manufacturers Directory - ... soybean meal animal feed barley feed animal yellow corn for animal feed animal feed plant hammer-mill animal feed animal feed ... Home , Chemicals , Admixture&Additives , Feed Additive Products , Feed Grade Proteins , China dry yeast for animal feed , 1,082 ...
more infohttps://www.alibaba.com/countrysearch/CN/dry-yeast-for-animal-feed.html

FDA bans certain cattle parts from all animal feed | ReutersFDA bans certain cattle parts from all animal feed | Reuters

... makers of pet food and all other animal feed will be prevented from using certain materials from cattle at the greatest risk ... which oversees animal feed, said excluding high-risk materials from cattle 30 months of age or older from all animal feed will ... intended for animals such as cattle) and non-ruminant feed or feed ingredients. ... WASHINGTON (Reuters) - U.S. makers of pet food and all other animal feed will be prevented from using certain materials from ...
more infohttp://www.reuters.com/article/us-madcow-fda-safeguards-idUSN2344375420080424?feedType=RSS&feedName=healthNews

animal feed Protocols and Video...'animal feed' Protocols and Video...

... animal feed include Murine Distal Colostomy, A Novel Model of Diversion Colitis in C57BL/6 Mice, Preparation of Keratin ... Animal Feed: Murine Distal Colostomy, A Novel Model of Diversion Colitis in C57BL/6 Mice. Annabel Kleinwort1, Paula Döring2, ... Institute of Animal Welfare, Animal Behavior and Laboratory Animal Science, Freie Universität Berlin ... 1Translational Animal Research Center, University Medical Centre, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz, 2Department of ...
more infohttps://www.jove.com/keyword/animal+feed

Written question - Formaldehyde in animal feed   - P-006191/2017Written question - Formaldehyde in animal feed - P-006191/2017

Evidently the substance is still being used as an additive in animal feed. Yet Decision 2013/204/EU stipulated that such use ... but is it also harmless to workers in the feed sector and to the animals that ingest it? ... aware that the business Anitox is still marketing formaldehyde in the form of Termin-8 as a preservative for animal feed, which ...
more infohttp://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?pubRef=-%2F%2FEP%2F%2FTEXT%2BWQ%2BP-2017-006191%2B0%2BDOC%2BXML%2BV0%2F%2FEN&language=EN

USDA APHIS | CT Petfood fishbait animalfeedUSDA APHIS | CT Petfood fishbait animalfeed

Regulated Organisms Used as Pet Food, Fish Bait, and Animal Feed. Last Modified: Jan 19, 2017 ... animal feed and fish bait into the continental United States. Several species of invertebrate organisms fall into this category ... Crickets: Crickets feed on a wide range of living and dead plant material and plant products. There are no permits required for ... They can only be fed sterilized food 15 days prior to shipping and cannot be in contact with soil or manure during their entire ...
more infohttp://www.aphis.usda.gov/aphis/ourfocus/planthealth/import-information/permits/regulated-organism-and-soil-permits/sa_animalfeed/ct_petfood_fishbait_animalfeed

Good Investment Opportunities in Animal Feed Additive Market - MIRGood Investment Opportunities in Animal Feed Additive Market - MIR

There are various types of feed additives catering to a... ... ingredients added to the feed to aid healthy growth of animals ... end-users and providers of animal feed products. The Animal Feed Additives market has been categorized based on type of ... Feed additive are the functional ingredients added to the feed to aid healthy growth of animals. There are various types of ... Feed enzymes, Feed Acidifiers, Feed Texturants, Feed prebiotics & Probiotics, Vitamins, Minerals, Amino acids, Flavors & ...
more infohttp://www.mynewsdesk.com/us/pressreleases/good-investment-opportunities-in-animal-feed-additive-market-1819332
  • The register provides information about animals for which the additive has been authorised and the relevant conditions for use. (food.gov.uk)
  • Current EU feed additive forms are synthetically produced, the presence of canthaxanthin is permitted in feed for poultry which can lead to a more intensely-coloured egg yolk and poultry skin/fat. (food.gov.uk)
  • Cangzhou Tianyu Feed Additive Co., Ltd. (alibaba.com)
  • Evidently the substance is still being used as an additive in animal feed. (europa.eu)
  • Feed additive are the functional ingredients added to the feed to aid healthy growth of animals. (mynewsdesk.com)
  • An enzyme feed additive is provided comprising a xylanase, a protease, and optionally a β-glucanase. (google.com)
  • The ratio of the units of xylanase activity per unit amount of the feed additive to the units of β-glucanase activity per same unit amount of the feed additive is 1:0-0.25. (google.com)
  • 2. An enzyme feed additive according to claim 1, wherein the xylanase is obtained from a bacterium. (google.com)
  • 3. An enzyme feed additive according to claim 2, wherein the bacterium is Bacillus, Streptomyces, Clostridium or Ruminococcus. (google.com)
  • 5. An enzyme feed additive according to claim 4, wherein the fungus is Trichoderma, Aspergillus, Humicola or Neocallimastix. (google.com)
  • 6. An enzyme feed additive according to claim 5, wherein the xylanase is the low pl xylanase and/or the high pl xylanase obtainable from Trichoderma longibrachiatum. (google.com)
  • 7. An enzyme feed additive according to claim 6, which comprises the high pl xylanase. (google.com)
  • 8. An enzyme feed additive according to claim 1, wherein the xylanase is a mutant xylanase having an amino acid sequence not found in nature, such a sequence corresponding to that of a naturally occurring xylanase modified by inserting, deleting or replacing one or more amino acid residues in the naturally occurring xylanase. (google.com)
  • 9. An enzyme feed additive according to claim 1, wherein the protease is a subtilisin. (google.com)
  • 10. An enzyme feed additive according to claim 9, wherein the subtilisin is derived from the genus Bacillus. (google.com)
  • 11. An enzyme feed additive according to claim 10, wherein the subtilisin is derived from Bacillus amyloliquefaciens, Bacillus lentus, Bacillus licheniformis, Bacillus subtilis, or Bacillus alcalophilus. (google.com)
  • 14. An enzyme feed additive according to claim 13, wherein the mutant subtilisin comprises a substitution at the amino acid residue position equivalent to tyr+217 of Bacillus amyloliquefaciens subtilisin with leucine. (google.com)
  • 15. An enzyme feed additive according to claim 1, wherein the ratio of the units of xylanase activity to β-glucanase activity is 1:0-0.01. (google.com)
  • 17. An enzyme feed additive according to claim 1, wherein the ratio of the units of xylanase activity per g of the feed additive to the units of protease activity per g of the feed additive is 1:0.001-1,000. (google.com)
  • 19. An enzyme feed additive according to claim 1, further comprising a carrier. (google.com)
  • Pfizer markets 3-Nitro by itself as a feed additive. (commondreams.org)
  • Michael Taylor, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration's deputy commissioner for foods and veterinary medicine, is trying to calm fears over the fate of human food byproducts - particularly spent grains from breweries - going into animal feed when the Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA) is fully implemented. (foodsafetynews.com)
  • Animal feeds, which include compositions utilizing mucosa byproducts derived from mucosal material, such as digested gut material, are provided. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • Rendering may sterilize the animal byproducts that end up in animal feed, but even after sterilization, they're a paradise for new bacteria. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • Traditional sources of animal feed include household food scraps and the byproducts of food processing industries such as milling and brewing. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the past years, several contamination episodes have raised attention on the importance of ensuring feed safety and on the need to prevent and control the presence of old and new hazards, such as dioxin, aflatoxins and other undesirable substances. (fao.org)
  • Another method for decontaminating feed is with the use of activated charcoal in the form of a porous non-soluble powder that can bind with a variety of harmful substances. (wikipedia.org)
  • Because of the availability of these products, a farmer who uses his own grain can formulate his own rations and be assured his animals are getting the recommended levels of minerals and vitamins. (wikipedia.org)
  • A unit that produces 4 1/2 tons of fodder a day - enough to feed 300 dairy cows or 800 horses - is 3,000 square feet. (sfgate.com)
  • Some have completely eliminated feeding grain to their animals, while others are supplementing the fodder with corn or barley. (sfgate.com)
  • Used alone, the word "feed" more often refers to fodder. (wikipedia.org)
  • Fodder" refers particularly to foods or forages given to the animals (including plants cut and carried to them), rather than that which they forage for themselves. (wikipedia.org)
  • In agriculture today, the nutritional needs of farm animals are well understood and may be satisfied through natural forage and fodder alone, or augmented by direct supplementation of nutrients in concentrated, controlled form. (wikipedia.org)
  • Good animal feeding plays a vital role in animal health & welfare and in the production of safe and quality products of animal origin. (fao.org)
  • The consumption of animal products continues to rise worldwide and will continue doing so over the decades to come - driving up demand for animal feed products. (fao.org)
  • A Galway seaweed feed company Oceanfeed has secured a deal with Battles, a leading manufacturer of animal health and equestrian products. (oilgae.com)
  • DSM Nutritional Products Ltd. and Evonik Nutrition have entered into an agreement to manufacture algae based omega-3 fatty acid products for animal nutrition. (oilgae.com)
  • Crickets feed on a wide range of living and dead plant material and plant products. (usda.gov)
  • There are several different methods being used to remove mycotoxins from feed products. (wikipedia.org)
  • The increasing demand for proteins of animal origin has led to intensification of livestock production, mainly based on the use of industrial compound feed. (fao.org)
  • Hence, intensification of animal production is important. (springer.com)
  • However, in many developing and underdeveloped countries of Asia, inadequate supply of good quality feed is the main factor hindering the intensification of animal production (Ibrahim & Schiere, 1987). (springer.com)
  • As grain and hay prices soar, a Northern California company says it has a way to feed livestock for a fraction of the cost. (sfgate.com)
  • Brewer's spent grain is a byproduct of beer making that is widely used as animal feed. (wikipedia.org)
  • TerraVia and Bunge Limited have launched native, whole algae DHA as a sustainable, specialty feed ingredient for the aquaculture market. (oilgae.com)
  • There is also anxiety about the use of genetically modified crops such as soybean and maize and concern about incidents involving chemical contamination (e.g., dioxin) of feeds. (fao.org)
  • This 2010 manual, a guide for managers of feedmills and the feed industry as a whole, provides comprehensive information and practical guidelines for compliance with regulatory frameworks in response to the Codex Alimentarius Code of Practice on Good Animal Feeding. (fao.org)
  • The nutritional quality of feed is influenced not only by the nutrient content, but also by many other factors such as feed presentation, hygiene, digestibility, and effect on intestinal health. (wikipedia.org)
  • Anthony, W.B. (1971) Animal waste value-nutrient recovery and utilization. (springer.com)
  • Devendra, C. (1988) Strategies for the intensive utilization of the feed resources in the Asian region, in Non-conventional Feed Resource and Fibrous Agricultural Residues: Strategies for Expanded Utilization (ed. (springer.com)
  • The considerable and increasing demand for animal protein is focusing attention on the sources of feed protein and their suitability, quality and safety for future supply. (fao.org)
  • Cows feed on grass as they roam the hills near Pleasanton, California March 23, 2007. (reuters.com)
  • Buraczewski, S. & Jeroch, H. (1990) Excrement and activated sludge, in Non-conventional , Feedstuffs in the Nutrition of Farm Animals (ed. (springer.com)
  • ProVet healthcare information article on lutein in companion animal nutrition. (dmoztools.net)
  • Information featuring the basics of horse nutrition as well as in-depth horse feeding information. (dmoztools.net)
  • ANDRITZ designs and manufactures all key processing machines and offers complete feed pelleting plant solutions to the global animal feed and livestock industry. (andritz.com)
  • Feed-related questions or complaints may also be directed to the Michigan Department of Agriculture and Rural Development, Pesticide and Plant Pest Management Division at 1-800-292-3939. (michigan.gov)
  • Butterworms, Chilecomadia moorei , are the insect larvae of a plant feeding moth found in Chile. (usda.gov)
  • It only tests when there is a contamination problem that has been traced back to a particular plant or batch of feed. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • Further justification, if required, for the FAO meeting is emphasized in some of the following statements from different presenters which highlight pressures on the animal feed industry. (fao.org)
  • Not surprisingly, the feed industry says that zero contamination is impossible. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • In 1928, the feed industry was revolutionized by the introduction of the first pelleted feeds - Purina Checkers. (wikipedia.org)
  • Even if we had sterile feed going into the mouth of every chicken, we would not solve all the problems as far as the dinner table is concerned," acknowledges the CVM's George Mitchell. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • Provet healthcare information article on silicon as an important trace mineral for animals. (dmoztools.net)
  • Adisseo France SAS (France), All of these companies together held a major market share in 2014.These companies have strong tie ups with animal feed manufacturers as well as considerable brand image among the consumers. (mynewsdesk.com)
  • According to EFSA, this use of formaldehyde is not harmful to consumers, but is it also harmless to workers in the feed sector and to the animals that ingest it? (europa.eu)
  • Corn gluten feed was first manufactured in 1882, while leading world feed producer Purina Feeds was established in 1894 by William Hollington Danforth. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mealworms, Tenebrio molitor , are insect larvae that feed on wheat meal and are believed to be ubiquitous. (usda.gov)
  • They are manufactured by feed compounders as meal type, pellets or crumbles. (wikipedia.org)