Animal Experimentation: The use of animals as investigational subjects.Animal Rights: The moral and ethical bases of the protection of animals from cruelty and abuse. The rights are extended to domestic animals, laboratory animals, and wild animals.Animal Testing Alternatives: Procedures, such as TISSUE CULTURE TECHNIQUES; mathematical models; etc., when used or advocated for use in place of the use of animals in research or diagnostic laboratories.Animals, LaboratoryAnimal Welfare: The protection of animals in laboratories or other specific environments by promoting their health through better nutrition, housing, and care.Animal Use Alternatives: Alternatives to the use of animals in research, testing, and education. The alternatives may include reduction in the number of animals used, replacement of animals with a non-animal model or with animals of a species lower phylogenetically, or refinement of methods to minimize pain and distress of animals used.Human Characteristics: The fundamental dispositions and traits of humans. (Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)Human Experimentation: The use of humans as investigational subjects.Nontherapeutic Human Experimentation: Human experimentation that is not intended to benefit the subjects on whom it is performed. Phase I drug studies (CLINICAL TRIALS, PHASE I AS TOPIC) and research involving healthy volunteers are examples of nontherapeutic human experimentation.Therapeutic Human Experimentation: Human experimentation that is intended to benefit the subjects on whom it is performed.War Crimes: Criminal acts committed during, or in connection with, war, e.g., maltreatment of prisoners, willful killing of civilians, etc.

An international survey of medical ethics curricula in Asia. (1/197)

SETTING: Medical ethics education has become common, and the integrated ethics curriculum has been recommended in Western countries. It should be questioned whether there is one, universal method of teaching ethics applicable worldwide to medical schools, especially those in non-Western developing countries. OBJECTIVE: To characterise the medical ethics curricula at Asian medical schools. DESIGN: Mailed survey of 206 medical schools in China, Hong Kong, Taiwan, Korea, Mongolia, Philippines, Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia, Sri Lanka, Australia and New Zealand. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 100 medical schools responded, a response rate of 49%, ranging from 23%-100% by country. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The degree of integration of the ethics programme into the formal medical curriculum was measured by lecture time; whether compulsory or elective; whether separate courses or unit of other courses; number of courses; schedule; total length, and diversity of teachers' specialties. RESULTS: A total of 89 medical schools (89%) reported offering some courses in which ethical topics were taught. Separate medical ethics courses were mostly offered in all countries, and the structure of vertical integration was divided into four patterns. Most deans reported that physicians' obligations and patients' rights were the most important topics for their students. However, the evaluation was diverse for more concrete topics. CONCLUSION: Offering formal medical ethics education is a widespread feature of medical curricula throughout the study area. However, the kinds of programmes, especially with regard to integration into clinical teaching, were greatly diverse.  (+info)

A reply to Joseph Bernstein. (2/197)

Dr. Bernstein suggests that anti-vivisectionists should be able to fill in a directive requesting that they receive no medical treatment developed through work on animals. It is replied that this would only be reasonable if research not using animals had long been funded as adequately and its results were currently available.  (+info)

Animal experiments: conference report.(3/197)

 (+info)

Methods in vascular infusion biotechnology in research with rodents. (4/197)

Infusion of experimental compounds into the vascular system of rodents and the need to collect blood and other biological fluids from small animals comprise an area of emerging importance to biomedical research and drug discovery and development. The advances in the development of transgenic rodents coupled with technical progress in the manufacture and commercial availability of various catheters, swivels, tethers, infusion pumps, and sample collection systems that are described have enabled biomedical scientists to miniaturize vascular infusion and sample collection systems previously used in animal species larger than the rat or mouse. Use of these advanced, miniature vascular infusion systems in rodents is possible only when careful planning of experimental design, expert surgical technique, adequate postoperative care, and fundamental animal welfare considerations are meticulously taken into consideration. Use of these vascular infusion systems in rodents promotes animal welfare and scientific progress through the reduction and refinement of animal models.  (+info)

Animal experimentation in sciences: sadistic nonsense or indispensable necessity? (5/197)

The history of biomedical research clearly shows that, with exception of a very few, scientific findings could be realised only with the help of animal experiments. Unfortunately, in the past the life of animals was treated negligently and, at times, in fact criminally. Only the researchers' willingness to apply ethical principles toward laboratory animals could create a climate in which research is opening up to constructive, active animal protection and is ready to co-operate through the implementations of such programmes as the 3R-principle into daily practice. Using a number of examples, the article at hand tries to show that the dimensions concerning animal protection is very old indeed and that only a change of consciousness by the public and in research has created a situation in which a gentler treatment of life and life conditions of laboratory animals could be realised. A further development of "constructive" animal protection within the industrialised nations is only possible with this back ground. Without such a development, biomedical research is bound for deficits in one way or another. It will be loosing it's medical and economical opportunities and with it, it's meaning for man.  (+info)

Use of animals in research: a science--society controversy? The American perspective: animal welfare issues. (6/197)

My paper will focus on those events happening within the United States during the last year. The issue of including or excluding rats, birds and mice from inclusion under the Animal Welfare Act has been a difficult battle for both those that wish to exclude them and those that wish to include these animals under this legislation. As of the writing of this abstract, the Senate, which originally intended to include rats, birds and mice under the Animal Welfare Act, has passed an amendment which will permanently exclude their listing under this Act. During the last several years it has become clear that refinement, as one of the 3Rs, has and will become the most important set of activities to add humanness to animal experimentation. It is clear that refinement approaches provide the opportunity to possibly eliminate or significantly minimize any pain or distress in animal protocol. My presentation will focus on CAAT's (http://caat.jhsph.edu) activities in this important area. Understanding potential health hazards to environmental industrial chemicals has become a major focus of activity both in the US, Europe and Japan. These programs offer the first opportunity to provide information, in the public domain, on these chemicals. One of the consequences, however, is the potential requirement for large numbers of animals. In the presentation, I will focus on two approaches to significantly including the 3Rs in these important programs. Although it is common practice in Japan to recognize contributions of laboratory animals through a day of memorialization, this has not been the case in the United States. During the last year, several activities have been initiated to begin to institutionalize memorial services for animals used in research. As the host institution of Altweb (http://altweb.jhsph.edu), the alternative web site internationally, current statistics and accomplishments will be provided on its worldwide utilization.  (+info)

An ergonomics process for the care and use of research animals. (7/197)

Personnel who work with laboratory animals incur potential occupational health risks that can lead to the development of musculoskeletal disorders. Demanding manual tasks may also result in increased errors, worker fatigue, poor human performance, and decreased productivity. Studies have shown that a comprehensive ergonomics program that utilizes a systematic risk management approach can reduce the likelihood of exposure to musculoskeletal disorder risk factors and remove barriers to human performance. Research has characterized the risk factors of musculoskeletal disorder exposure in terms of force, frequency, posture, and muscle exertion. Ergonomic risk factors for typical animal handling tasks and work areas are identified, and a method is suggested for prioritizing interventions using interrelated data indicators. An initial review of potential control measures is offered to improve the health, safety, and effectiveness of people involved in the care and use of research animals.  (+info)

Occupational medicine programs for animal research facilities. (8/197)

Occupational medicine is a key component of a comprehensive occupational health and safety program in support of laboratory animal research and production facilities. The mission of the department is to maximize employee health and productivity utilizing a population health management approach, which includes measurement and analysis of health benefits utilization. The department works in close cooperation with other institutional health and safety professionals to identify potential risks from exposure to physical, chemical, and biological hazards in the workplace. As soon as exposures are identified, the department is responsible for formulating and providing appropriate medical surveillance programs. Occupational medicine is also responsible for targeted delivery of preventive and wellness services; management of injury, disease, and disability; maintenance of medical information; and other clinic services required by the institution. Recommendations are provided for the organization and content of occupational medicine programs for animal research facilities.  (+info)

*Animal welfare and rights in India

... animal transport, animal slaughter, and animal experimentation. The Breeding of and Experiments on Animals (Control and ... Animal Defenders International; National Anti-Vivisection Society (2003). "Animal Experimentation in India" (PDF). Retrieved ... India's first national animal welfare law, the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act, 1960, criminalizes cruelty to animals, ... Category:Animal welfare organisations based in India Cattle slaughter in India Animal sacrifice in Hinduism Animal sacrifice ...

*BALB/c

... and are among the most widely used inbred strains used in animal experimentation. The founding animals of the strain were ... Animal model Animal testing on rodents C57BL/6 Jackson Laboratory's mouse strains Taconic Bioscience's BALB/c model "BALB/c". ... Snell provided some animals from this stock to the National Institutes of Health (NIH) to maintain. In 1961 D. W. Bailey used ... By 1935 the animals were in the possession of Muller's student, George Davis Snell, who moved them to The Jackson Laboratory. ...

*Hearing range

The study of hearing in animals. In: W Gay, ed., Methods of Animal Experimentation, IV. Academic Press, London, pp 43-143. RR ... Several animal species are able to hear frequencies well beyond the human hearing range. Some dolphins and bats, for example, ... Hearing range describes the range of frequencies that can be heard by humans or other animals, though it can also refer to the ... A similar technique can be used when testing animals, where food is used as a reward for responding to the sound. Physiological ...

*Short-term effects of alcohol consumption

Applying alcohol myopia to animal experimentation". Alcohol Alcohol. 40 (5): 373-8. doi:10.1093/alcalc/agh177. PMID 15996970. ... However, non-mammalian animal models have also been employed; in particular, the Ulrike Heberlein group at UC San Francisco has ... Animal models using mammals and invertebrates have been informative in studying the effects of ethanol on not only ... Ethanol-induced intoxication is not uncommon in the animal kingdom, as noted here: "Many of us have noticed that bees or yellow ...

*Dan Lyons

The Politics of Animal Experimentation, Palgrave Macmillan, 2013. "Protecting Animals versus the Pursuit of Knowledge: The ... Animals, 19, 2011, pp. 356-367. "Animal Ethics and Public Policy", Centre for Animals and Social Justice, July 2011. "Founding ... Lyons specializes in the study of animal research, the philosophy of animal rights, and the political representation of animals ... The Politics of Animal Experimentation, Palgrave Macmillan. "Imutran Ltd v. Uncaged Campaigns Ltd and Daniel Louis Lyons", High ...

*Vivisection

... used as a pejorative catch-all term for experimentation on live animals by organizations opposed to animal experimentation but ... American Anti-Vivisection Society Animal testing regulations Bionics Cruelty to animals Dissection Experimentation on prisoners ... Ethics and animal experimentation: what is debated? Cad. Saúde Pública, Rio de Janeiro, 2007 Brozan, Nadine. Out of Death, a ... Ethics and animal experimentation: what is debated? Cad. Saúde Pública, Rio de Janeiro, 2007" Yarri, Donna. The Ethics of ...

*Human anti-mouse antibody

Gruber, Franz P.; Hartung, Thomas (2004). "Alternatives to Animal Experimentation in Basic Research" (PDF). ALTEX. 21 (Suppl 1 ... Animal protection groups fought for years to end MAb production in mice because it causes intense suffering for the animals ... Even more startling, at least ten percent of the general population has been observed to carry some form of animal-derived ... It took considerable, sustained pressure from animal welfare groups, led by legal efforts initiated by the American Anti- ...

*Centre for Animals and Social Justice

A Theory of Justice for Animals, Oxford University Press, 2013. Lyons, Dan. The Politics of Animal Experimentation, Palgrave ... Centre for Animals and Social Justice "Towards joined-up animal welfare policy", Centre for Animals and Social Justice. ... "CASJ - Centre for Animals and Social Justice", Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. "Animal Ethics and ... Animal protectionism "Synopsis of Proceedings of CASJ 'Animals and Public Policy' Launch Seminar, 30 June 2011", CASJ. " ...

*Theralizumab

Akhtar, Aysha (7 December 2014). "The Flaws and Human Harms of Animal Experimentation". Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare ... Critics of animal testing have cited the case to argue that experiments on nonhuman animals, even in species closely related to ... Animals raised in a sterile lab would presumably have no 'memory' of previous illnesses, thus would not exhibit the severe ... It has been reported that the initial dose was one five-hundredth of that which the animal studies indicated was a maximum safe ...

*Objectification

"Sacrificial Symbolism in Animal Experimentation: Object or Pet?". Anthrozoös: A Multidisciplinary Journal of the Interactions ... In social philosophy, objectification is the act of treating a person, or sometimes an animal, as an object or a thing. ... of People and Animals. 2 (2): 98-117. doi:10.2752/089279389787058091. Retrieved 2 February 2016. Nussbaum, Martha (1995). " ...

*Methods used to study memory

1994). Animal Experimentation: The Legacy of Claude Bernard. International studies in the Philosophy of Science, 8, 3. ... New technologies, experimental methods and animal experimentation have led to an increased understanding of the workings of ... Although there is no single ideal animal model of a human, for each problem of interest there is an animal upon which it can be ... How can one show that an animal has a good memory? There are many confounds when breeding for behaviours, however if animals ...

*Louis B. Wilson

He also initiated animal experimentation during those early years. In 1918, Wilson went overseas as the assistant director of ...

*Developmental homeostasis

Animal experimentation has become something that is debated about publicly. Those who do not believe in animal experimentation ... Some statistics about animal experimentation: 20 million animals are experimented on and are killed annually, an estimated 8 ... questions arise about animal experimentation being morally right or wrong. Labs that abuse the ability to conduct animal ... discovery to advance-but some feel that those who support animal experimentation are selfish to inflict pain on other animals ...

*Syed Ziaur Rahman

... ; M. Tariq Salman (2017). "A Guide to the Alternatives to Animal Experimentation" (fourth ed.). Aligarh, India ... "Alternatives to Animal Experimentation" in the Department of Pharmacology at Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College. This was a first ... India and Romania A Guide to the Alternatives of Animal Experimentation (ISBN 978-81-906070-4-9). Eds. Syed Ziaur Rahman and ... He even translated few papers into Urdu in the field of Alternatives to animal testing. Rahman also works in the field of ...

*Foundation for Biomedical Research

"The Johns Hopkins Center for Alternatives to Animal Testing (CAAT)". Retrieved 2009-06-24. PETA. "Animals in Experimentation - ... "Animal research and medical progress". About animal testing. "Scientists Against Animal Testing". The Society for Neuroscience ... Animal Experimentation Issues PCRM "Archived copy". Archived from the original on July 23, 2011. Retrieved 2015-04-06. " ... Some animal rights supporters believe that alternatives exist for animal models in research; however the vast majority of ...

*Niall Shanks

60:488-499). Animals, Science and Animal Science: Shanks has explored the role played by animal experimentation in the contexts ... He has argued that animal experimentation provided a crucial driving force behind the method of analysis and synthesis that ... dilemmas of animal experimentation (co-authored with Hugh LaFollette; London : Routledge, 1996). Idealization in Contemporary ... In the course of his explorations of the implications of the study of animals for the modern scientific view of the world, ...

*AFIP Rawalpindi

It was used for animal experimentation and the production of reagents. The reagents produced there were provided to the ... Some sweepers were trained to feed and look after the animals. Gradually, the dependence on the use of animals had been ... During this period, a proper animal house was also constructed and a Departmental of Experiment Pathology was established. ...

*Fund for the Replacement of Animals in Medical Experiments

... and the Committee for the Reform of Animal Experimentation (CRAE) to advise the government on the Animals (Scientific ... ISBN 978-0-900767-78-4. Balls, M. 2007 Animal experimentation and the Three Rs: why truth matters. ATLA 35, 451-452. Combes, R. ... FRAME campaigns for the replacement of animal testing methods with alternatives that do not use animals. If there is no valid ... In the same year, FRAME received the first Marchig Animal Welfare Award from the World Society for the Protection of Animals ( ...

*Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals

In 1876 the Cruelty to Animals Act was passed to control animal experimentation. In 1911 Parliament passed Sir George ... "Animal Welfare Act 2006". "ARCHIVE: Defra, UK - Animal Health and Welfare - Animal Welfare - Animal Welfare Act". "Richard ... from 1903 to 1997 Animal welfare in the United Kingdom Animal ethics Animal rights Cruelty to animals Antony Brown, Who Cares ... neuter animals and accept animals from the RSPCA inspectorate. RSPCA animal centres deal with a wide range of injured and ...

*Beijing Zoo

Rollins depicts unsanitary and inhumane conditions at the zoo, and inhumane animal experimentation there. In the "Author's Note ... The zoo and its aquarium have over 450 species of land animals and over 500 species of marine animals; in all, it is home to ... The restaurant manager commented that its dishes were within the law, as the animal products were supplied by exotic animal ... The Viceroy of Liangjiang, Duanfang, purchased a batch animals from Germany and deposited them there. The animal collection ...

*History of animal testing

Animal experimentation from antiquity to the end of the eighteenth century: attitudes and arguments. In N. A. Rupke (ed.) ... "Animal Experimentation: A Student Guide to Balancing the Issues" Archived 2009-12-18 at WebCite, Australian and New Zealand ... Presently, animal experimentation continues to be used in research that aims to solve medical problems including Alzheimer's ... Testing animals for rabies do require the animal to be dead, and it takes two hours to conduct the test. Basic and applied ...

*Richard D. Ryder

"Animal Experimentation: Sentientism," The Psychologist, vol 4, 1991. (1992). "Painism: Ethics, Animal Rights and ... with W. Lane-Petter et al (September 1976). "The Ethics of Animal Experimentation", Journal of Medical Ethics. Vol. 2, No. 3, ... 1990) [1975]. Animal Liberation. New York Review Books, p. 269, footnote 4. For the OED, see Wise, Steven M. (2004). "Animal ... 1971). "Experiments on Animals," in Stanley and Roslind Godlovitch and John Harris. Animals, Men and Morals. Grove Press, Inc ...

*Cruelty Free cosmetics

Under the impulse of the public shocked by the conditions of experimentation on animals and the suffering that engenders, a ... the absence of animal testing of finished products -the absence of animal testing of the ingredients -the absence of animal ... "absolute right of animals to respect". He certifies: -the absence of animal testing of finished products -the absence of animal ... Moreover, manufacturers must provide an attestation affirming that they do not practice the animal experimentation. Finally, ...

*Domestic rabbit

Animal rights activists have opposed animal experimentation for non-medical purposes, such as the testing of cosmetic and ... Animal rights activists generally oppose animal experimentation for all purposes, and rabbits are no exception.[improper ... Although only purebred animals are shown, a pedigree is not required to enter a rabbit in show sanctioned by the American ... The most susceptible animals are those living in unsanitary housing, older rabbits that do not move much, and those that are ...

*Marshall Hall (physiologist)

In 1835 (Principles of Investigation in Physiology), he outlined five principles to govern animal experimentation. An ... less sentient animals) Every experiment should be performed under circumstances that would provide the clearest possible ... he read before the Royal Society a paper On the Inverse Ratio which Subsists between Respiration and Irritability in the Animal ...

*Laika (band)

The band was named after the Russian dog Laika, the first animal to orbit the earth. Fiedler, born in Chicago, USA, (and ... polish and accessibility with experimentation and originality. In 1995, Fiedler admitted that her band's music was "just like ...

*Cuniculture

Animal rights activists generally oppose animal experimentation for all purposes, and rabbits are no exception.[improper ... Production of quality animals for meat sale and scientific experimentation has driven a number of advancements in rabbit ... The total number of animals may be in the thousands or may be less than ten adult animals, depending on the particular ... number of animals kept, and the particular preferences of the owner/farmer. Various goals include maximizing number of animals ...
Alternatives to animal experimentation The in vitro core toxicology unit is studying placental transportation of substances and materials in a laboratory model with fresh placentas from births at the Rigshospitalet (RH). A variety of chemicals, such as pesticides, substances formed during food preparation, biological therapeutics, naturally occurring large biomolecules, as well as nanoparticles are studied in the system. In collaboration with clinicians and pathologists from the RH, the in vitro core unit is elaborating the model and also participating in international validation programs of alternatives to animal experimentation. The vision is, in collaboration with other in vitro toxicology researchers, to create a battery of toxicology tests to minimize the use of experimental animals, which is an action point in the research strategy of the EU. As the research activities of the in vitro core unit involve blood and tissue from participants, ethical issues related to recruitment, feedback and ...
Animal experimentation has been an extremely controversial subject for years. Whether or not it is moral vs. whether or not it is essential is explained throughout the pros and cons. Although animal experimentation is the most common, there are many ot...
Activists Against Animal Experimentation. The Activist Against Animal Experimentation is resolved to end the use of animal testing for medical, cosmetic and household purposes etc,. We post petitions, news, stories and info regarding animal testing. Please join up and help the cause! (Animals & Pets)
The ethical treatment of animals is one of serious academic interest today. Specifically, both the practice of animal experimentation and ethical concerns about it have a long history, going virtually back to the ancient Greek period and continuing to the present day. With new breakthroughs in science and technology, it is likely that this practice will be with us for a long time to come. Thus, this book provides an interdisciplinary approach to the topic by utilizing the insights of cognitive ethology, philosophy, science, and Christian theology in order to present a benign approach to the ethical treatment of experimental animals. The reality and existence of animal minds, animal pain, and animal suffering provide the foundation for animal rights, and subsequently, for more positive treatment. Concrete suggestions are offered with regard to more humane animal legislation, improved animal husbandry conditions, as well as concrete guidelines that offset the burdens to animals against the benefits to
Patients Campaigning For Cures raise awareness of the vital moral issue of human suffering and death, caused by the now proven failure of animal experiments to help in the search for effective treatments and cures. This human aspect is often overlooked in questioning the morality of animal experiments.. This week, the PR company for animal experimentation, Understanding Animal Research (UAR) not only lied about current science, but were additionally exposed by panellist Giles Fraser as failing to uphold a consistent moral position about animals, on the radio programme Moral Maze.. 138 MPs, to date, are now calling for UAR to submit the name of their scientist for a rigorous public medical debate - overseen by independent experts from the relevant fields of science - about false claims that laboratory animal models can predict the responses of human patients. Evidence from this medical hearing can then be submitted to decision makers in order to revoke a 70 year old outdated law, which still ...
Abstract Public acceptance of genetic modification (GM) technologies may be essential to their continued development, yet few studies have investigated the manner in which demographic and educational factors predict support for GM research. The current study examined attitudes toward animal research and GM in ~400 university undergraduates enrolled in introductory or upper-level psychology courses with material on animal experimentation. Results revealed that men were more accepting of animal and GM research than were women. Enrollment in upper-level psychology classes that addressed specific topics in animal research did not directly predict support for GM research, but such enrollment was associated with increased endorsement of the validity of animal research, which then contributed to acceptance of GM scenarios. The current findings highlight the impact of educational variables on support for animal research, which may then influence attitudes toward GM research.
The purpose of this project is to develop biocompatibility and embryo-toxicity screening methods that avoid animal experimentation by using tissue and cell cultures as replacements to animals.
Animal experimentation is a crucial component of scientific research and education. Most advances in modern biomedical science can be traced back to original studies in animals. The university continues to support this critical research while fully appreciating its additional complexities.. All animal research must be approved by the universitys Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (IACUC), which works close with the Comparative Medicine-Laboratory Animal Facilities (CM-LAF) to help researchers develop effective and compliant protocols. ...
How much is at stake? There is no easy answer, but one important indicator of how this animal research complex continues to grow is how much the National Institutes of Health (NIH) spends on animal research. Although it is not possible to disaggregate the budgets to identify money spent on animal research for individual projects, it is possible to get a sense through Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee information. Reliable government sources have informed NAVS that approximately 47% of NIH-funded grants have an animal research-based component. This number has been fairly steady over the past ten years. In 2015, the NIH budget of almost $22 billion resulted in well over $10 billion in funding for projects that included animal experimentation.. Obviously the salaries of researchers and technicians who carry out animal experiments, as well as income from patents for the drugs and medical devices they develop, provide financial incentives and career advancement to conduct research on ...
Animals And Their Rights!! Essay, Research Paper What is animal experimentation? Scientific researchers use animal experimentation for biomedical and veterinary research to enhance human health and possibly the welfare of other animals. They claim that successful medical treatments including antibiotics, vaccines and other drugs have been developed with the aid of animal experiments, and such research a crucial means of investigation of and the development of treatments for serious diseases.
Some governments provide detailed information on the number of animal experiments carried out each year. In the United Kingdom, for instance, the annual report
I would like to thank my friend Marie Jones for these petitions, she is doing a great job to inform people about companies that test on animals. ...
In news that may relieve and delight some, the U.S. Government has announced via the National Institutes of Health that it is retiring over 300 chimpanzees that were used for medical research.
The ideas of cybernetics, and especially that of feedback control, have impressed themselves on society in many ways, of which factory automation is only one. Self-monitoring, or self-awareness, is one of the central components of human individual intelligence (Halstead, 1947; Russell and Russell, 1957, and in press). The notion has been grasped at the sociological level. In industry and commerce it is becoming a routine measure for any large organization to devote considerable staff and expense to the monitoring of its own activities (cf. Meier, 1956). We are, therefore, disposed to expect a large and comprehensive literature of sources on the subject of animal experimentation (cf. Russell, in press, a). For it seems reasonable to suppose that science itself must adopt the principle of informative feedback, and animal experimentation in this country alone is an industry running to millions in commercial terms.. It is therefore surprising to discover the relative dearth of this sort of ...
Now the Italian government wants to change the article 13, in particular they want to ban the breeding of cats, dogs and primates in Italy, but they wont respect the other limitations ...
The Critical Cat interview with Stop UBC Animal Research to investigate how prolific animal experimentation is at UBC and what they are doing to fight it.
The Animal Protection Center of Southeastern Massachusetts is a non-profit organization that serves the animals and people of the community.. Our adoption center serves to care for and re-home homeless pets. Dogs, cats, rabbits, small mammals and birds all benefit from the attention and love provided by our dedicated staff and volunteers.. The Animal Protection Center of Southeastern Massachusetts also strives to help pet owners take the best care of their pets by providing resources such as training, low-cost vaccination and microchip clinics, and humane education outreach to children. ...
It is now more than 20 years since both Council of Europe Convention ETS123 and EU Directive 86/609?EEC were introduced, to promote the implementation of the Three Rs in animal experimentation and to provide guidance on animal housing and care. It might therefore be expected that reports of the implementation of the Three Rs in animal research papers would have increased during this period. In order to test this hypothesis, a literature survey of animal-based research was conducted. A randomly- selected sample from 16 high-profile medical journals, of original research papers arising from European institutions that featured experiments which involved either mice or primates, were identified for the years 1986 and 2006 (Total sample = 250 papers). Each paper was scored out of 10 for the incidence of reporting on the implementation of Three Rs-related factors corresponding to Replacement (justification of non-use of non-animal methods), Reduction (statistical analysis of the number of animals ...
Tomo Editorial and HSI launched Animal Experimentation: An Obstacle to Scientific Progress, a book providing an in-depth analysis of animal use in research from a scientific and historical perspective. The book is part of a growing movement among the Brazilian and international scientific community questioning the effectiveness of animals as models of human biology and disease.
In 1985, the U.S. Interagency Research Animal Committee (IRAC) advised that "unless the contrary is established, investigators should consider that procedures that cause pain or distress in human beings may cause pain or distress in animals"(http://www.aclam.org/pub_pain_distress.html). Accordingly, the humane use of research animals requires adequate veterinary medical care during animal experimentations and includes the prevention or the alleviation of pain associated with procedural or surgical protocols (clinical pain). Guidelines on the recognition of pain are accepted by researchers but often not so easy to put into practice, especially with mice, the most frequently used laboratory animals. Why?. Mice live in constant fear of falling prey to their enemies, therefore they are prone to show as few signs of disease, suffering or weakness as possible [2-4]. Accordingly, during animal experiments, or even when a person is simply present in the room, the mouse will hide almost all signs of ...
In 1985, the U.S. Interagency Research Animal Committee (IRAC) advised that "unless the contrary is established, investigators should consider that procedures that cause pain or distress in human beings may cause pain or distress in animals"(http://www.aclam.org/pub_pain_distress.html). Accordingly, the humane use of research animals requires adequate veterinary medical care during animal experimentations and includes the prevention or the alleviation of pain associated with procedural or surgical protocols (clinical pain). Guidelines on the recognition of pain are accepted by researchers but often not so easy to put into practice, especially with mice, the most frequently used laboratory animals. Why?. Mice live in constant fear of falling prey to their enemies, therefore they are prone to show as few signs of disease, suffering or weakness as possible [2-4]. Accordingly, during animal experiments, or even when a person is simply present in the room, the mouse will hide almost all signs of ...
While it is important to provide a full explanation of the reasons why animal research and testing is important for modern medicine, it can sometimes be useful to have a handful of short pro animal research one-liners on hand. These work particularly well for Twitter - which is why each of our lines below includes…
More studies need to be done, but we think theres potentially no limit on the diseases this screening disease could be applied to other than the human imagination,". http://www.diabetes.co.uk/news/2015/aug/zebrafish-embryos-used-to-identify-potential-type-1-diabetes-drugs-95530698.html. 26/08/15. Resveratrol, a chemical found in the skin of grapes (and consequently red wine) may have beneficial cardiovascular effects. However, studies in dogs show varying effects on the immune systems of dogs - increasing and decreasing it in different ways simultaneously.. Axiak-Bechtel said "Seeing a decrease in neutrophil function typically means an immune system is losing the ability to kill invaders like bacteria. Combining this loss of bacteria-fighting ability with an increase in inflammatory cytokines creates a very interesting mixed message in terms of what resveratrol is doing to the immune system.". http://www.alnmag.com/news/2015/08/red-wine-compound-causes-conflicting-changes-dogs-immune-systems ...
BY KURT CUNNINGHAM , JUNE 12, 2009 7:26 AM UI researchers will have a new underground facility to house animals after the state Board of Regents approved an indoor enclosure for $11.2 million at Thursdays meeting.. Scientists hope the new facility - which will cost almost $134 million - will contribute to better research and security.. At 35,000 square feet, the underground lab will connect the Medical Education Research Facility and Carver Biomedical Research Building. It is a late addition to the Institute for Biomedical Discovery - a project the UI has already started. Officials set aside state and federal money in 2007 to be distributed over several years for the initial project. They also received private donations given specifically to the project, said UI spokesman Tom Moore. "Science is important to Iowans," he said. "Dr. George Weiner [the director of the Holden Comprehensive Cancer Center] says there are many research ideas that dont get funded, and a facility such this increases the ...
The new EU directive on the protection of animals used for scientific purposes (2010/63/EU) has been implemented. One of the requirements of the directive is that each breeder, supplier and user of laboratory animals sets up an Animal Welfare Body (AWB, Instantie voor Dierenwelzijn, IvD in The Netherlands). The AWB helps to ensure a responsible animal experimentation policy and is responsible for the a number of tasks: The animal-welfare body shall, as a minimum, carry out the following tasks: Advice the staff dealing with animals on matters related to the welfare of animals, in relation to their acquisition, accommodation, care and use; Advise the staff on the application of the requirement of replacement, reduction and refinement, and keep it informed of technical and scientific developments concerning the application of that requirement; Establish and review internal operational processes as regards monitoring, reporting and follow-up in relation to the welfare of animals housed or used in ...
This facility occupies a major part of the 1st floor of this Institute and can accommodate about 6,000 SPF (Specific Pathogen Free) mice which are required for studying gene functions in vivo. By targeting specific genes spacio-temporarily, researchers will be able to understand the function of the gene in the body and its role during development, differentiation and disease processes. Transgenic animals are also created and studied in this facility. Disease model mice are also preserved here.. The EAL is responsible for promise that all usage of animals are humane and comply with all relevant policies and legal requirements. The centralized animal care and use program at Saitama Medical University complies with federal, and local guidelines for laboratory animal care. The information provided here is to benefit our research community that use animals in teaching and conducting research. We welcome your comments and suggestions. Please contact us at following e-mail address ...
Find millions of jobs all over the world, post jobs for free, articles for job seekers, work at home, local jobs, free resume templates, apply with a few clicks at Jobs-Network.net
Learn all about the field of medical research and experimentation with insightful articles and fascinating updates in the field of medicine. From animal experimentation, clinical trials, biomedicine, and breakthroughs in medical technology, weve got you covered.
Because scientific inquiry involves exploration of the unknown, the outcome of experimental procedures is sometimes unpredictable. In the case of animal experimentation, this may result in situations in which animal health and/or welfare are adversely affected.. Genetically manipulated animals (GMA) provide a good example. Initially, the overall effect(s) of a particular genetic manipulation may be unknown. However, once animals are generated the resulting novel phenotypes may include immune deficiency, metabolic disorders, behavioral abnormalities or other health issues that make those animals more susceptible to disease or distress. GMA lines that exhibit abnormalities in health or behavior often require the establishment of revised husbandry and/or monitoring protocols. Humane endpoints specific for the GMA line may also need to be developed. More information on assessing the welfare of GMA can be found on the NC3Rs site.. In the case of a new GMA line it is recommended that the first ...
Animals. Muc1-/- mice on a 129/SvJ background (43) were maintained as a breeding colony, and wild-type 129/SvJ Muc1+/+ mice were purchased from the Walter and Eliza Hall Institute (Melbourne, Victoria, Australia). Mice were sex and age matched within experiments (6-12 weeks of age unless otherwise specified), housed under clean conventional conditions, and allowed free access to sterilized food and water. All experiments were approved by the University of Queensland Animal Experimentation Ethics Committee (approval nos. 734/05, 586/04, 389/03, and 200/02). Colonies routinely tested negative for murine viral and bacterial pathogens. Bacterial culture and preparation of CDT. C. jejuni strains 81116, 331, and 81-126 were grown on solid selective agar (2% Columbia agar, 1% bacteriological agar, 5% defibrinated horse blood, Skirrow Selective Supplement; Oxoid) under microaerophilic conditions (5% O2, 15% CO2, 80% N2; BOC Gases) at 42°C for 48 hours. CDT was prepared from cultured C. jejuni 81116 as ...
Andy Maniotis (University of Iowa), American Journal of Pathology, 1999 Cancer! Its our Grim Reaper, todays Black Death, a dark and terrible health threat and destroyer of lives. We hear about it, read about it, and fear it more deeply than any other present disease. Ominously, projections indicate that one in every five of us will die of cancer, and 40 percent of us will have a diagnosis of cancer sometime in life. Considering that there are more than 200 different forms of human cancer alone, the hope for a magic bullet that will cure all is just pie in the sky. The disease first went political in 1971, when the Nixon administration declared the War on Cancer. We all know the war has not yet been won, even with billions poured into it every year. In fact, cancer deaths have increased steadily. This humiliating defeat is in large part due to our addiction to animal experimentation. It is an open secret in scientific circles that animal-modeled biomedical research yields results that cant ...
Animal experimentation and the models by which it is conducted are a core component of the Preclinical Translational Research Units work. Animal models are the primary mode of research responsible for translating preclinical project work into successful clinical trials, which is why they are a focus of our unit.. We work to create animal models that minimize the consumption of resources, especially time and money, without allowing for any compromise in the integrity of our data or their reproducibility. By continually striving to uphold these standards while continually striving to assess and improve our animal models we ensure that we consistently deliver optimum results and solutions.. Under the Duke Preclinical Translational Research Units expert guidance we hope to be able assist our partners in designing the model and method that allow for the creation of experiments that run correctly the first time, reducing waste and repetition.. We employ the following animal types for our animal ...
sets his agenda. In it, he argues that although human beings have a long history of mistreating animals, there is no moral justification for such behaviour. At the heart of morality is the wrongness of causing unnecessary suffering, but suffering doesnt come in different qualities, only some of which are morally relevant; we cant condemn the pain caused to members of one species while condoning the pain caused to members of another, any more than we can do so for difference races or sexes. The fact (in so far as it is a fact) that non-human animals lack our intellect and our moral understanding is irrelevant here; its no more right to make a dog suffer than it is to do the same to a human imbecile or new-born baby.. The book contains not only philosophical argument, but also a great deal of evidence concerning such issues as animal experimentation and factory farming. What it doesnt enter into is the theoretical basis of his moral position, though his references to and quotations from Jeremy ...
Science Institutions are concerned with their public image, which often determines their funding, so that they are often keen to be seen to promote public dialogue and engagement.. . Many government departments are interested in science education, training teachers, etc. Often they have funds for specific public projects like adult learning, animal experimentation, synthetic biology etc.,. . Many cultural and artistic groups are now including science in their agendas, since human sciences are questioning the traditional views of art, philosophy, literature, etc. So Arts centres are often keen to adopt SciCafes.. . As for schools cafes, it is clear that science education is in crisis almost everywhere in the world, so that new ideas are widely acceptable. Approaching teachers, individual schools and education authorities is a fairly easy way to start Cafes in schools - although it is more difficult to keep them free from the hierarchy within the school.. So in many ways the Cafes can build ...
The FRAME Alternatives Laboratory (FAL) was opened in 1991 as part of the University of Nottinghams medical school housed in the Queens Medical Centre. Under the direction of Dr Richard Clothier, the FAL established itself as a leading laboratory for alternatives research. This tradition has continued under Dr Andrew Bennett who replaced Dr Clothier in 2006. By focusing its efforts on in vitro studies and improved testing protocols, the FAL sets a very high standard for what can be accomplished when alternatives to animal experimentation are applied effectively. The FALs proximity to the Queens Medical Centre provides it with a supply of human sample cells, all obtained under full ethical approval under the license from the Human Tissue Authority. This allows the FAL to conduct studies using primary human tissue in vitro greatly reducing, and at times fully eliminating the necessity for animal modelling.. ...
First, it is interesting per se, to find common psycho-physiologic grounds between our and other animals behaviour and "psyche." Second, such commonality allows us to explore new ways (treatments, drugs) for dealing with human suffering (anxieties, depressions, phobias etc.). I do not know of any other procedure or behavioural test, or physiological index, that compares anxiety and relief, which would provide 20-fold (2000%) difference in objective measurements (it is usually measured in fractions, like 35% or so). Our rats sigh approx. 25 times/hour spontaneously, less than 10/h when anxious, but more than 180/h when relieved! So, consider, if you really have experimental animals` wellbeing in mind and not just negative feeling about any animal experimentation, that far fewer animals will be required to test a new psychotropic drug or some other procedure, when measuring emotional states (using sighs instead of heart rate, blood pressure etc.) is so dramatically improved (as demonstrated by ...
St. Lukes-Roosevelt Institute for Health Sciences, New York, NY - Facility Reports and Information - Resources and Links From Stop Animal Exploitation NOW! (SAEN) - Exposing the truth to wipe out animal experimentation
Altweb, the Alternatives to Animal Testing Web Site, was created to serve as a gateway to alternatives news, information, and resources on the Internet and beyond. Altweb now is the U.S. home of the journal ALTEX: Alternatives to Animal Experimentation, which is the official publication of the Johns Hopkins Center for Alternatives to Animal Testing (CAAT).. Altweb is intended to serve:. ...
University of Akron cited in the deaths of 2 voles in research lab - Media Coverage - Stop Animal Exploitation NOW! - Exposing the truth to wipe out animal experimentation
Animals. All procedures involving animals were approved by the UCSD Animal Care Committee, which serves to ensure that all federal guidelines concerning animal experimentation are met. Hepatocyte-specific inactivation of HIF-1α and VHL was achieved by cross-breeding Albumin-Cre transgenic mice (The Jackson Laboratory) with VHLflox/flox mice (backcrossed in a pure C57BL/6 genetic background). In all experiments, littermates from the same breeding pair were used as controls. Albumin-Cre/VHLflox/flox and Albumin-Cre/VHLflox/flox/ARNTflox/flox mice used in the experiments shown in Figure 3C are in a mixed BALB/c, 129SvJ, and C57BL/6 background. Mice were maintained on a standard rodent diet (formula LM-458, 7912; Harlan Teklad) containing 284 mg iron/kg. In certain experiments, mice were fed a low-iron (3-6 mg/kg food) diet (Formula TD 80396; Harlan Teklad) for 3 weeks. Hematological analysis. Blood was obtained by retro-orbital bleeding and collected in EDTA-K2 tubes (CapiJect T-MLH; TERUMO). ...
BALB/c is an albino, laboratory-bred strain of the house mouse from which a number of common substrains are derived. Now over 200 generations from New York in 1920, BALB/c mice are distributed globally, and are among the most widely used inbred strains used in animal experimentation. The founding animals of the strain were obtained by Halsey J. Bagg of Memorial Hospital, New York, from a mouse dealer in Ohio in 1913. From 1920, the progeny of the original colony were systematically inbred, sibling to sibling, for 26 generations over 15 years. During this time, the colony passed through the care of a number of scientists, including C.C. Little and E.C. MacDowell at the Carnegie Institution of Washington and H.J. Muller at the University of Texas at Austin. By 1935 the animals were in the possession of Mullers student, George Davis Snell, who moved them to The Jackson Laboratory. This stock provided the basis of all the BALB/c substrains that are now in use around the world. Snell provided some ...
​The Center For Ethical Science (CFES) is a non-profit animal advocacy organization dedicated to: educating the public on the inefficacy of invasive animal experimentation; exposing how tax dollars pay for much of it and what we can do to help eliminate it; and promoting effective and humane ways of conducting scientific and cosmetic research.
Animal experimentation is thought by many to be necessary to get cures for human diseases. However, in decades of intensive research and using billions of ...
Computational modeling allows to reduce, refine and replace animal experimentation as well as to translate findings obtained in these experiments to the
The effect of nitrogen oxides on immunity was examined in animal experimentation and in clinical trials. In guinea pig, immunity was found to be lowered following 6 months exposure to 1 ppm; there...
All advances in medicine have an underlying basis in biomedical research. Animal research is done with great care and is done with special concern for the ethical treatment of the animals. The importance of medical research lies in the fact that new knowledge in medicine and innovative development is going to take place only when medical research is done." -Michael E. DeBakey, Jr., M.D. (Legendary Heart Surgeon and Inventor ...
This recognition is now prompting some AIDS activists to argue that experiments with other species are holding back the development of safer, more-effective anti-HIV drugs. One of Britains top researchers, Prof. Robin Weiss, has expressed serious doubt that information gathered from studies of laboratory animals can help illuminate the mechanisms by which HIV sabotages the immunity of humans. Another senior AIDS doctor in Britain has described the millions of dollars spent on animal research as ...
Our regulations ensure that animals are used in scientific procedures only when theres no validated alternative and when the potential benefits outweigh the harms. We are committed to: using non-animal alternatives wherever possible; reducing the number of animals used to the minimum needed; refining procedures as much as possible to minimise suffering.. ...
Scientists are quickly pointing out that the use of a single inbred mouse strain as was the case in this study, is not representative. Furthermore it is known that certain inbred mouse strains are resistant to septic shock, whereas others are much more susceptible. So yes the use of a certain inbred mouse strain in one study failed to translate into medicines for mankind and illustrates the limits of this particular strain for a given research or disease, however in my mind the article also reminds us of the importance of choosing the adequate or most valid animal model for a study. If I am not mistaken certain countries demand the use of two different animal species in studies such as for example rodents and primates. I now better understand the logic behind such a policy ...
Get this from a library! Essentials for animal research : a primer for research personnel. [B T Bennett; M J Brown; J C Schofield; National Agricultural Library (U.S.); University of Illinois at Chicago.]
Medical advancement, animal research, nonhuman primates, air transport, live animal cargo, pharmaceutical research, Opinion based blog.
ANIMAL RESEARCH ACT ……. 20 YEARS ON. the journey begins…. 1978 - Australian Veterinary Assoc receives brief from NSW government * Separate legislation * Comprehensive review of existing legislation * Ontario legislation as model * Extensive consultation. Slideshow 68142 by Philip
... , formerly Annales de Zootechnie, publishes original articles, reviews, notes and symposium proceedings concerning research on farm animals
... plays an important role in some of our work. While we make every effort to keep their use to a minimum, some research can only take place with the use of animals.
Safranin is used as a dye for textiles and as a stain for various scientific procedures. Scientific procedures that involve safranin include Gram counterstaining, endospore counterstaining, granule...
REFERENCES 1. Flegal KM. The obesity epidemic in children and adults: current evidence and research issues. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 1999; 31: S509-S514. 2. Bertram CE, Hanson MA. Animal models and programming of the metabolic syndrome. Br Med Bull. 2001; 60:103-21. 3. Buschard K. The Use of Diabetic Animal Models. Meet A Research Group. Diabetes Research Group, Bartholin Instituttets, Copenhagen, Denmark. Scand J Lab Sci. 2001; 28: 58-58. 4. Kaplan JR, Wagner JD. Type 2 Diabetes - An Introduction to the Development and Use of Animal Models. Institute for Laboratory Animal Research (ILAR) Journal. 2006; 47(3):181-185. 5. American Diabetes Association. Diagnosis and Classification of Diabetes Mellitus. Diabetes Care. 2008; 31: S55-S60. 6. Srinivasan K, Ramarao P. Animal models in type 2 diabetes research: An overview. Indian J Med Res. 2007; 125: 451-472. 7. Okamoto J, Kanemoto N, Ohbuchi Y, Okano M, Fukui H et al. Characterization of STZ-induced type 2 diabetes in Zucker fatty rats. Exp. Anim. ...
of the Shared Resource The Animal Resources Center (ARC) provides a comprehensive, centralized animal care program in support of laboratory animal research at S...
On 16 July, the Home Office released statistics regarding the types of 4.11 million scientific procedures on other animals used in 2012, which again show an increase compared to 2011 figures. The Vegan Society is deeply worried about this trend and the assumed effectiveness of animal research that exists among many scientists and parliamentarians.. ...
By Emily Sena. 374 interventions have been reported to be effective in experimental stroke; 97 were tested in clinical trials but only one of these was shown to be effective. The principle of drug development goes that if a therapy improves outcome in animals the next step is to test it in humans in a clinical trial, with the hope that important improvements in outcome will be seen. The reality is that there are huge amounts of animal data (too many drugs), from experiments that are not designed with sufficient rigour or adequately reported, and important improvements in outcomes are usually not seen in clinical trials (too few medicines). Many animal experiments are failing in their objective effectively to inform human health.. And there are a lot of drugs around - in 2013, 350 publications describing animal experiments were published every day! I understand that the average life scientist has neither the desire nor the need to consume this amount of information, but even within a limited ...
Stop Animal Exploitation Now (SAEN), a national organization that monitors animal laboratories, has recently released information contained in documents and photos that were obtained from the University of Washington, Seattle. These photos and documents paint a vivid picture of the harsh reality daily inflicted on primates within this lab without even delving into gruesome experimental…
The Physiologic Core (C) will be located in the Division of Animal Laboratory Resources within dedicated space at the University of Kentucky. This core will pro...
I think someone has completely missed the point I was trying to make: the suffering of animals I was referring to was not the seals, the stray cats, or the humans but rather the animals who are negatively affected by those three species. I am trying to point out that the most effective way to help the most amount of individual animals to live a happy healthy life is to give them somewhere to live that is not decimated by invasive animals out to kill them (including humans... a naked ape that was never meant to live outside some tropic jungle but here we are in every habitat destroying homes of all other species ...
If youre like most pet owners (or, if you prefer, "pet parents"), you would do everything in your power to make sure your companion animals are healthy and well cared for. If youre like most animal lovers, you support efforts to prevent the spread of devastating diseases that affect wildlife.. Many, perhaps even most, first-time pet owners quickly learn how many diseases and conditions-surprise!-affect our four legged friends just as they do people. Dogs can get urinary tract infections and cancer; cats can develop cataracts and hyperthyroidism. But fear not. Researchers have developed treatments for even many of the more serious and life-threatening health problems that affect pets-often using the same medications and procedures used to treat their human counterparts.. Meanwhile, scientists and conservationists are working diligently to curb the rate of infectious diseases, from sylvatic plague to Lyme disease, that would otherwise decimate populations of animals living in the wild (including ...
The University carries out research on animals mainly to improve the health and welfare of human beings and animals, but also in some circumstances to provide a better understanding of the animals themselves.
May 8, 2017. CAARE continually reviews scientific methods of research without using animals. Now and again we are excited to see something truly innovative that shows important potential to replace animals.. At the laboratory of Maikel Rheinstadter, associate professor of biophysics at McMaster University, he and his team are using basic biological components, like lipids, cholesterol, peptides and proteins to form synthetic, human-like tissue in a petri dish, entirely without the use of animals or animal cells. These synthetic tissues can be used to study how drugs work, including how and why they work differently between individuals.. The ground-breaking technique has far-reaching applications for enhancing personalized medicine, as well as expediting drug discovery by reducing the use of animal or human testing.. The need for improved methods of drug development is essential. The FDA describes the current process, which is based largely on animal testing, as "complicated, time-consuming and ...
Karolinska Institutets remit is to help improve human health through research and education. We achieve this with both basic research to understand biological mechanisms and more patient-based research to produce new forms of treatment.
The unicellular ancestor of animals may have harbored some of the molecular tools that its many-celled descendants use to coordinate and direct cell differentiation and function, scientists show.. 0 Comments. ...
The Nutshell Putative Gay Genes Identified, Questioned A genomic interrogation of homosexuality turns up speculative links between genetic elements and sexual orientation, but researchers say the study is too small to be significant. ...
Earth is losing its darkness. A new study using satellite data finds that artificially lit surfaces around the world are spreading and growing brighter, producing more light pollution at night.. The findings, described in the journal Science Advances, track what researchers called a worrisome trend that has implications for the environment as well as human health.. "This is concerning, of course, because we are convinced that artificial light is an environmental pollutant with ecological and evolutionary implications for many organisms - from bacteria to mammals, including us humans - and may... ...
About the size of a pencil eraser, the model was created by reprogramming adult human skin cells into stem cells that subsequently could be engineered into neural cells.. The brain organoid took 15 weeks to develop and contains all the key areas of the brain, including a spinal cord, a complex of neural cells, normal cell signaling mechanisms and a retina. The model does not contain any vascular system to allow for blood flow, though Dr. Anand says thats a goal. "If we let it go to 16 or 20 weeks, that might complete it, filling in that 1 percent of missing genes. We dont know yet," he said.. Dr. Anand and his research associate Susan McKay have begun to use the platform to create organoid models of Alzheimers, Parkinsons and autism in a dish.. "Its a scalable model that can be engineered to carry the genetic variants that give rise to all these diseases … and it gives us incredible access to things we never have done before," Dr. Anand told The Washington Post. "We can screen drugs, we ...
Animal Research, formerly Annales de Zootechnie, publishes original articles, reviews, notes and symposium proceedings concerning research on farm animals
Any comparison between life at the end of the last century and life at the end of this one would highlight the enormous advances in medicine which many people nowadays take almost for granted.
Medical Xpress is a web-based medical and health news service that features the most comprehensive coverage in the fields of neuroscience, cardiology, cancer, HIV/AIDS, psychology, psychiatry, dentistry, genetics, diseases and conditions, medications and more.
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click Continue well assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you wont see this message again. Click Find out more for information on how to change your cookie settings ...
div class=change-embed-petition data-petition-id=560521,,/div, ,script src=https://static.change.org/product/embeds/v1/change-embeds.js type=text/javascript,,/script ...
Fill in each blank with the correct word. Once youve filled in all of the blanks, press the Check button at the bottom of the page to check your answers. If you get stuck, press the Hint button at the bottom of the page for a clue ...
This product group includes immunoassays for the determination of various hormones (steroid and protein-based hormones) from different animal species like rat and mouse (murine), dogs (canine), and horse (equine).. ...
A randomized controlled trial (RCT) is a scientific procedure most commonly used in testing medicines or medical procedures. RCTs are considered the most reliable form of scientific evidence because it eliminates all forms of spurious causality. RCTs are mainly used in clinical studies, but are also employed in other sectors such as judicial, educational, social research. Clinical RCTs involve allocating treatments to subjects at random. This ensures that the different treatment groups are statistically equivalent. Sellers of medicines throughout the ages have had to convince their consumers that the medicine works. As science has progressed, public expectations have risen, and government health budgets have become ever tighter, pressure has grown for a reliable system to do this. Moreover, the publics concern for the dangers of medical interventions has spurred both legislators and administrators to provide an evidential basis for licensing or paying for new procedures and medications. In ...
The local police in Granada, Spain received a call from a concerned resident of a nearby village: He had found a neglected dog in a dire state. Every minute was a question of life or death for the emaciated dog. The people at the animal protection agency, Albergue de Animales Dog House, immediately got involved and rushed the extremely weak animal to the vet. ...
Urge Korean Prime Minister to Strengthen Animal Protection Law by visiting http://www.idausa.org/campaigns/korea/alert_060510.html Despite cultural differences, we must think of dogs as any other...
Learn about the key aspects of experimentation as a research method in science. Includes information on manipulating variables and controls.
Animals are used all the time for research in Ireland but scientists are split about whether or not to talk openly about it | Alternatives and refinements to animal research
Dr. Plechners Corner is a compilation of veterinary and animal research articles by Al Plechner, DVM. Some of the articles found in this section are al
Dr. Plechners Corner is a compilation of veterinary and animal research articles by Al Plechner, DVM. Some of the articles found in this section are al
Animal research is of course vital in the development of medicines to treat animals. Animals benefit from the medicines developed initially for people
NO is actually a vital regulator of vascular function in health and condition with effects on vascular tone, platelet purpose, and endothelial perform. The donation of additional NO by pharmaceutical brokers is a feasible usually means of influencing vascular purpose and cardiovascular outcomes. The not too long ago created CINODs stand for an enjoyable new course of agent that show assure inside the pharmacological management from the ache linked to osteoarthritis, getting at least as effective as NSAIDs in animal research so far. They have also shown some likely for being simpler, supplied the effects of NO on soreness notion, whilst also supplying supplemental benefits which include increased gastric protection. This may boost pain Command in osteoarthritis ...
UW-FHCRC Animal Bioimaging Center (ABIC) Bioimaging involves the use of technologies to view samples from animals that cannot be seen to the unaided eye. Such imaging equipment includes magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), micro positron emission tomography (PET), ultrasound, optical imaging, SPECT/gamma camera, and micro computed tomography (CT). They are used in many animal research projects,…
Under this document animals will continue to be experimented on, in large numbers, for reasons which have nothing to do with finding cures for diseases - PLEASE urge MEPs to take a much stronger line and ensure that the future legislation introduces ...
Conversion optimization is hard, but the heaviest lifting is often organizational - changing an organization from a gut-based approach to one driven by dat
Answers to questions you may have can be found in the inhibitor handling instructions. Topics include how to prepare stock solutions, how to store Products, and issues that need special attention for cell-based assays and animal experiments.. ...
Answers to questions you may have can be found in the inhibitor handling instructions. Topics include how to prepare stock solutions, how to store Products, and issues that need special attention for cell-based assays and animal experiments.. ...
If a team of Harvard bioengineers has its way, animal testing and experimentation could soon be replaced by organ-on-a-chip technologies ...
It is useful to see your whole paper as an argument which supports your methods of experimentation and results and is linked to your aim.. Note: The latest Flash Player is required to view this animation.. ...
The article discusses animals and laboratory research in colonial India. The focus of the article is how India managed to procure the vast numbers of animals it needed to conduct animal experimentation in Indian laboratories. The author presents the use of animal experimentation from the perspective of Indias social history of colonialism arguing that is necessary to view animal experimentation in Indian laboratories within the context of Indian animals being subjects and resources of Great Britain. Topics include how the use of animals in Indian laboratories was shaped by Victorian moralities and Hindu animal sensibilities, the transformation of the animal body into a scientific object, and the importance of animals as part of colonialism.. ...
Laura Conour, a veterinarian with 15 years of laboratory animal expertise, has been named director of laboratory animal research and University attending veterinarian at Princeton. Her appointment was effective July 1.
Laura Conour, a veterinarian with 15 years of laboratory animal expertise, has been named director of laboratory animal research and University attending veterinarian at Princeton. Her appointment was effective July 1.
One thing thats been bothering me is how the mc campaigners seem to focus almost exclusively on animal rights over people rights in the Third World. For example, their picketing of mcDonalds sights seems focused exclusively or gives priority to animal rights. It seems silly and unethical to me to give this kind of priority to animal rights over native peoples rights.. I dont think it helps the campaign when its seen as an animal rights issue. As an animal rights issue, the anti-McD campaign will continue to gain only a small following. People, myself included, will think, why are they going after a restaurant for its treatment of animals ...
Animal welfare and rights in India regards the treatment of and laws concerning non-human animals in India. It is distinct from animal conservation in India. India is home to several religious traditions advocating non-violence and compassion towards animals, and has passed a number of animal welfare reforms since 1960. India is also one of the worlds leading producers of animal products. Indias first national animal welfare law, the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act, 1960, criminalizes cruelty to animals, though exceptions are made for the treatment of animals used for food and scientific experiments. The 1960 law also created the Animal Welfare Board of India to ensure the anti-cruelty provisions were enforced and promote the cause of animal welfare. Subsequent laws have placed regulations and restrictions on the use of draught animals, the use of performing animals, animal transport, animal slaughter, and animal experimentation. The Breeding of and Experiments on Animals (Control and ...
bCON™ Biocontainment System for ABSL-3 lab animal research provides dual-layer protection for your staff, research animals and studies.
The University of Montana (UM) Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (IACUC) requires that a Wildlife Animal Use Protocol be submitted for any study conducted on free-living wild animals in their natural habitat that involves procedures that may harm or materially alter the behavior of the animals under study (i.e., trapping/capture, physical/chemical restraint, and/or invasive procedures causing stress, including removal from nest and habitat for short durations ...
Tarleton State Universitys Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (IACUC) oversees all aspects of Tarleton animal care and use programs for teaching, testing, and research. The IACUC reviews all animal use protocols, ensures compliance with federal regulations, inspects animal facility and laboratories, and oversees training and educational programs. the IACUC serves as a resource to faculty, investigators, technicians, students, staff, and administrators and provides guidance for all animal use procedures with the highest scientific, human, and ethical principles.. The IACUC is composed a a chair person, a veterinarian, research scientists, non-scientists, and community representatives.. The IACUC makes semiannual inspections of all facilities, laboratories, and farms where animals are housed or utilized.. The IACUC is scheduled to meet monthly and reviews all properly submitted proposals at that time. ...
The Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (IACUC) at The University of North Carolina at Pembroke oversees the universitys animal care and use program and reviews protocols involving vertebrate animals to insure that they are in compliance with federal animal and welfare regulations. The committee is also responsible for investigating animal facilities, addressing animal concerns, and managing training programs involving animals used on the university campus.
Dr Chamberlain reintroduces the concepts of animal rights, ethics, image and welfare, as well as cultural, religious and traditional values, and highlights the need for genuine welfare issues to be the focus of future attention, rather than ethical and image issues. He highlights that arguments need to be based on science (if possible), and gives examples where public image and emotion is not consistent with evidence of improved welfare outcomes, when comparing the welfare outcomes of different animal production systems. Examples of global and Asian animal welfare issues are highlighted, and current activities are discussed, including bear bile collection, greyhound racing in Australia and dog transport and slaughter in Asia, imported Australian cattle slaughter in Asia, and the introduction of new veterinary legislation in Vietnam. Future focus is also discussed, including legislating against bear farming across Asia, addressing the welfare issues around dog caging, transport and slaughter, possibly
This paper aims to describe the development of laboratory animal science in China on the basis of historical evidence and recent national survey data, and to identify the problems facing the adoption of Three R alternatives. The authors undertook a national survey in 2006, by means of a questionnaire sent to 31 provinces, municipalities and autonomous regions, and also compared data from a variety of sources, including several national surveys and published papers. Laboratory animal science in China has developed rapidly over the past 30 years, as a result of a combination of economic, governmental and societal forces. More than 100,000 people work in the field of laboratory animal science, in 2,000 laboratory animal centres, institutes, universities, organisations, and companies. During the year of our survey, more than 19 million laboratory animals were produced from 320 licensed production facilities. Approximately 16 million laboratory animals were used in animal experiments, in 1530 ...
The American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA) has issued guidelines regarding methods of euthanasia for most animal species encountered in the research laboratory. The Institute for Animal Studies (IAS) has produced a list of preferred euthanasia methods based on the AVMA guidelines and on equipment availability and ease of use. Methods which induce rapid unconsciousness with minimal pain or distress prior to death, such as anesthetic overdose or carbon dioxide inhalation in small rodent species, are preferred. Compressed CO2 gas is the only recommended source of CO2. Physical methods such as cervical dislocation or decapitation must be performed under anesthesia unless specifically excepted and scientifically justified in the approved animal use protocol (see also Policy 9903, Cervical dislocation as a Method of Euthanasia). The person performing euthanasia must be trained in the specific method used. The IAS can provide such training if requested.. The person performing euthanasia must ...
On Monday night The Guggenheim announced it will be pulling three artworks from its upcoming exhibition Art and China after 1989: Theatre of the World. The news was announced after the pieces came under fire last week when activists labeled them as "instances of unmistakable cruelty against animals in the the name of art." This statement was delivered via a petition on change.org which currently has the support of nearly 750,000 people.. The artworks concerned, previewed on The New York Times, featured two videos of live animals and a sculpture that included live insects and lizards. In one of the videos, artists Peng Yu and Sun Yuan tether four pairs of American pit bulls to eight wooden treadmills for a live exhibit. The dogs are riled up and attempt to attack each other but are held back by harnesses causing them to grow increasingly weary. "Although these works have been exhibited in museums in Asia, Europe, and the United States, the Guggenheim regrets that explicit and repeated threats of ...

Ethics of Animal Experimentation: A Critical Analysis and Constructive Christian Proposal - Oxford ScholarshipEthics of Animal Experimentation: A Critical Analysis and Constructive Christian Proposal - Oxford Scholarship

The reality and existence of animal minds, animal pain, and animal suffering provide the foundation for animal rights, and ... Specifically, both the practice of animal experimentation and ethical concerns about it have a long history, going virtually ... Concrete suggestions are offered with regard to more humane animal legislation, improved animal husbandry conditions, as well ... The ultimate result is a more humane practice in experimentation, modeled somewhat on the practice of pet keeping, in which ...
more infohttp://www.oxfordscholarship.com/view/10.1093/0195181794.001.0001/acprof-9780195181791

Animal Welfare Policies - USPCAAnimal Welfare Policies - USPCA

Animal experimentation in the UK is controlled by The Animals (Scientific Procedures) Act 1986. Procedures can only be carried ... Exotic animals, including endangered species, are traded for various reasons such as for use in experimentation, keeping in ... 6.3 Performing Animals. 6.3.1. The USPCA is opposed to the use of animals for any form of entertainment where distress or ... 7.0 Animals and Education. 7.1 General Considerations. 7. 1.1. The USPCA is opposed to the use of animals for education where ...
more infohttp://uspca.co.uk/animal-welfare-policies/

Different Perspectives on Animal RightsDifferent Perspectives on Animal Rights

This price is millions of animal lives. Animals are involved in medical experimentations of varying sorts and degrees, all to ... Animals fitting the description of companion animal have more rights than wild animals, but companion animals are still seen as ... Animal law has been receiving much attention lately due to the standing that animals now hold in society. Many view animals not ... Although an animal may be injured, those injuries may not be causing the animal to suffer. Assessing suffering in animals is ...
more infohttp://webclearinghouse.net/volume/9/LYONS-DifferentP.php

Animal Models for the Study of Human Disease by P. Michael Conn - LOUISAALBANESEPHOTOGRAPHY.COM BooksAnimal Models for the Study of Human Disease by P. Michael Conn - LOUISAALBANESEPHOTOGRAPHY.COM Books

Animals in research: New perspectives in animal experimentation. American College of Laboratory Animal Medicine. Guidelines for ... Why animal experimentation matters: The use of animals in medical research. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction; 2001. 104. Morrison ... Provides details on finding assets, animal choices and animal ethics. *Covers a large variety of animal versions utilized in ... Animal types for the examine of Human Disease identifies very important animal types and assesses the benefits and downsides of ...
more infohttp://louisaalbanesephotography.com/epub/animal-models-for-the-study-of-human-disease

Attitudes on Animal Research Predict Acceptance of Genetic Modification Technologies by University Undergraduates  »  Brill...Attitudes on Animal Research Predict Acceptance of Genetic Modification Technologies by University Undergraduates » Brill...

... university undergraduates enrolled in introductory or upper-level psychology courses with material on animal experimentation. ... Results revealed that men were more accepting of animal and GM research than were women. Enrollment in upper-level psychology ... The current findings highlight the impact of educational variables on support for animal research, which may then influence ... The current study examined attitudes toward animal research and GM in ~400 ...
more infohttp://booksandjournals.brillonline.com/content/journals/10.1163/15685306-12341261

Animal experimentation | biology | BritannicaAnimal experimentation | biology | Britannica

... animal disease: Animals in research: the biomedical model: …more than 1,200,000 species of animals thus far identified, only a ... an identical or similar disease exists in at least one other animal species. Veterinary medicine plays an ever-increasing role ... In animal disease: Animals in research: the biomedical model. …more than 1,200,000 species of animals thus far identified, only ... In vitamin: Animal assay. All of the vitamins, with the exception of vitamin B12, can be estimated by the animal-assay ...
more infohttps://www.britannica.com/science/animal-experimentation

Animal Experimentation | Smore NewslettersAnimal Experimentation | Smore Newsletters

Although animal experimentation still exists today, the number of animals that are used for experimentation has decreased about ... animals as a food source, and zoos. A good reason as to why the debate not just on animal experimentation but all around animal ... Animal experimentation is a controversial topic that is debated by many people; each year many animals are experimented on for ... Why continue using animals when theres alternatives ? Animal experimentation is a significant subject that deals with the many ...
more infohttps://www.smore.com/0w8s6

Animal experimentation: the consensus changes - Gill Langley - Google BooksAnimal experimentation: the consensus changes - Gill Langley - Google Books

Animal Rights. Animal. Animal experimentation. Animal welfare. Animals, Treatment of. Laboratory animals. Nature / Animal ... animal experimentation animal experiments animal models Animal Procedures Committee animal research Animal Rights animal ... studies animal suffering animal tests Animal Welfare animal-welfare Animals in Research Animals Scientific Procedures ... experimentation.html?id=k6pqAAAAMAAJ&utm_source=gb-gplus-shareAnimal experimentation. ...
more infohttps://books.google.com/books?id=k6pqAAAAMAAJ&q=pain+perception&dq=related:LCCNsn86010191&source=gbs_word_cloud_r&hl=en

ALTEX: Alternatives to Animal Experimentation | Directory of Open Access JournalsALTEX: Alternatives to Animal Experimentation | Directory of Open Access Journals

Alternatives to Animal Experimentation in DOAJ. DOAJ is an online directory that indexes and provides access to quality open ... Publishers keywords: in vitro methods, alternatives to animal experiments, toxicology, bioethics. Language of fulltext: ...
more infohttps://doaj.org/toc/1868-596X

Ethics Committee for Animal ExperimentationEthics Committee for Animal Experimentation

... SAMS » Portrait » Commissions » Ethics Committee for Animal Experimentation ... 23.05.2019: The focus article of the SAMS Bulletin 2/2019 is dedicated to the topic of ethics of animal experimentation (in ... The Ethics Committee for Animal Experimentation (ECAE) is a body jointly operated by the SAMS and the Swiss Academy of Sciences ... By-laws of the Ethics Committee for Animal Experimentation (in German) PDF, 116 KB ...
more infohttps://www.samw.ch/en/Portrait/Commissions/Ethics-Committee-for-Animal-Experimentation.html

Animal Experimentation Ethics Committee - webcipfAnimal Experimentation Ethics Committee - webcipf

Este sitio web utiliza cookies de forma anónima para realizar estadísticas del uso de la web. Si continúas navegando consideramos que aceptas su uso. OK , Más información. ...
more infohttp://cipf.es/en/web/portada/comite-etico-experimentacion-animal

Animal Experimentation In Scientific Research Essay - 2561 Words - BrightKiteAnimal Experimentation In Scientific Research Essay - 2561 Words - BrightKite

Read this full essay on Animal Experimentation in Scientific Research. For many years, scientists have conducted research to ... Using Animals in Research and Experimentation. 851 words - 4 pages Animals should be used for research and Experimentation ... Needless Animal Research, Testing, And Experimentation Is Wrong. 964 words - 4 pages Needless Animal Experimentation is Wrong ... Animal Testing in the Research Field. 1385 words - 6 pages Animal research, or animal testing, is the use of animals in ...
more infohttps://brightkite.com/essay-on/animal-experimentation-in-scientific-research

Animal Experimentation: Regulations for the Use of Animals in ResearchAnimal Experimentation: Regulations for the Use of Animals in Research

... looks at some of the regulations in place which protect experimental animals from unnecessary suffering. ... sixth in a series on the use of animals in science, ... Animal Experimentation: Uses of Animals in Research. *Animal ... Animal Experimentation: Alternatives to the Use of Animals in Research. *Animal Experimentation: Regulations for the Use of ... Animal Experimentation: Regulations for the Use of Animals in Research. written by: Emma Lloyd•edited by: Leigh A. Zaykoski• ...
more infohttps://www.brighthub.com/science/medical/articles/16235.aspx

Debate Speech Topics on Animal Experimentation  | CustomWritings.com BlogDebate Speech Topics on Animal Experimentation | CustomWritings.com Blog

nbsp10 Facts on Animal Experimentation for a Debate How to Debate about Animal Experimentation → ... Alternatives to Animal Experimentations. *Failures of Animal Experimentation in Improving Human Health and Scientific Discovery ... In the previous guide we explored animal experimentation and revealed some very disturbing facts. Study our 10 facts on animal ... Inconclusive Research of Spinal Cord Injury Recovery from Animal Experimentation. *Failure of Research Gained from Animal ...
more infohttps://www.customwritings.com/blog/general-writing-help/20-debate-speech-topics-animal-experimentation.html

Animal Experimentation - WriteWorkAnimal Experimentation - WriteWork

... improving the health of other animals and im... ... Experimentation is when scientific researchers use animals in ... Animal Experimentation Ethics Paper. ... animal rights: scientists and animal-rights activists clash over the use of animals ... Animal Experimentation. ... animal welfare, the treatment and use of experimental animals remain controversial. In recent years ... Animal Experimentation. ... animals no longer die the rabies death of "Old Yeller."� Childhood diseases like measles, mumps, ...
more infohttp://www.writework.com/essay/animal-experimentation-4

What Impact Will Organoids Have on Animal Experimentation? | National Anti-Vivisection SocietyWhat Impact Will Organoids Have on Animal Experimentation? | National Anti-Vivisection Society

Animal Action Animal Action Report Art for Animals NAVS News Science First Take Action for Dogs Take Action Thursday ... research will ultimately need to be validated in animal models. Ironically, these animal models have not been formally ... One thing is certain, though: researchers agree that organoid models will reduce the number of animals that are experimented on ... Many researchers, however, seem hesitant to say that organoids will be able to fully replace animal research, with many viewing ...
more infohttps://www.navs.org/impact-will-organoids-animal-experimentation/

CCAC - Canadian Council on Animal Care: Three Rs of Humane Animal ExperimentationCCAC - Canadian Council on Animal Care: Three Rs of Humane Animal Experimentation

Control animals may represent up to 50% of the animals in a study. The investigator should try to minimize the number of ... The answers are presented as arguments for animal use, in terms of what is done to the animals, and in terms of how many are ... Targeted animal models: In the past, it was difficult to find animal models that accurately mimicked human conditions like many ... Such precisely targeted animal models will result in an overall reduction in animal use through a reduction in the variability ...
more infohttps://www.ccac.ca/en/training/modules/core-stream/three-rs-of-humane-animal-experimentation.html

Behind closed doors: A hidden legacy of animal experimentation - The GatewayBehind closed doors: A hidden legacy of animal experimentation - The Gateway

A hidden legacy of animal experimentation. Features. Behind closed doors: A hidden legacy of animal experimentation. An ... In Canada, animal experimentation was formally regulated in 1968, when the Canadian Council for Animal Care (CACC) was ... "But people can be assured that those of us in animal research are also animal lovers and we want to make sure that the animals ... Its a sentiment echoed by Stein, who believes that the reason animal experimentation remains so heavily used is due to ...
more infohttps://www.thegatewayonline.ca/2018/10/behind-closed-doors-a-hidden-legacy-of-animal-experimentation/

Critically Evaluating Animal Research in: Animal Experimentation: Working Towards a Paradigm ChangeCritically Evaluating Animal Research in: Animal Experimentation: Working Towards a Paradigm Change

Alternatives to Animal Experimentation in Basic Research. . Alternatives to Animal Experimentation. ,. 21. , pp. 3. -. 31. . ... Science and Society: Different Bioethical Approaches Towards Animal Experimentation. . Alternatives to Animal Experimentation. ... Alternatives to Animal Experimentation in Basic Research. Alternatives to Animal Experimentation21 pp. 3-31. ... Alternatives to Animal Experimentation25(1) pp. 3-9.. Hartung. T.. (. 2008. ). Food for Thought … On Animal Tests. . ...
more infohttps://brill.com/view/book/edcoll/9789004391192/BP000019.xml

Critically Evaluating Animal Research in: Animal Experimentation: Working Towards a Paradigm ChangeCritically Evaluating Animal Research in: Animal Experimentation: Working Towards a Paradigm Change

Alternatives to Animal Experimentation in Basic Research. Alternatives to Animal Experimentation21 pp. 3-31. ... HartungT. (2008). Food for Thought … On Animal Tests. Alternatives to Animal Experimentation25(1) pp. 3-9. ... Different Bioethical Approaches Towards Animal Experimentation. Alternatives to Animal Experimentation19 pp. 78-82. ... ObrinkK.J. and C.Rehbinder (2000). Animal Definition: A Necessity for the Validity of Animal Experiments?. Laboratory Animals34 ...
more infohttps://brill.com/abstract/book/edcoll/9789004391192/BP000019.xml

The Multi-Billion Dollar Lie: Animal Experimentation - An Animal Rights Article from all-creatures.orgThe Multi-Billion Dollar Lie: Animal Experimentation - An Animal Rights Article from all-creatures.org

Animal Experimentation - All of Gods creatures have rights, includes both human and non-human animals ... The Multi-Billion Dollar Lie: Animal Experimentation. An Animal Rights Article from All-Creatures.org. FROM. Kinship Circle. ... Return to Animal Rights Articles. Read more at Alternatives to Animal Testing, Experimentation and Dissection ... Animal research is not about "saving the rat or the child" as the anti-animal rights contingent likes to say. Animal research ...
more infohttps://www.all-creatures.org/articles/ar-multi-billion.html

Vivisection Unveiled: An Expose of the Medical Futility of Animal Experimentation by Tony Page (Paperback, 1997) | eBayVivisection Unveiled: An Expose of the Medical Futility of Animal Experimentation by Tony Page (Paperback, 1997) | eBay

An Expose of the Medical Futility of Animal Experimentation by Tony Page (Paperback, 1997). Shop with confidence on eBay! ... item 4 VIVISECTION UNVEILED: AN EXPOSE OF MEDICAL FUTILITY OF ANIMAL By Tony Page *NEW* -VIVISECTION UNVEILED: AN EXPOSE OF ... item 3 Vivisection Unveiled: An Expose of the Medical Futility of Animal Experimentat, -Vivisection Unveiled: An Expose of the ... item 5 Vivisection Unveiled: An Expose of the Medical Futility of Animal Experimentatio -Vivisection Unveiled: An Expose of the ...
more infohttps://www.ebay.co.uk/p/Vivisection-Unveiled-An-Expose-of-the-Medical-Futility-of-Animal-Experimentation-by-Tony-Page/87223370

The Importance of Animal Experimentation for Safety and Biomedical Research | Springer for Research & DevelopmentThe Importance of Animal Experimentation for Safety and Biomedical Research | Springer for Research & Development

Scientists are coming under increasing pressure from activist groups to stop animal experimentation, branded as cruel and ... The necessity of animal experimentation in tumor immunology Guido Forni, Patrizia Caretto, Paola Ferraiorni, Maria Carla Bosco ... The need for animal experimentation in drug and vaccine development against tropical diseases ... The need for animal experimentation in studying the carcinogenic risk of substances ...
more infohttps://rd.springer.com/book/10.1007%2F978-94-009-1904-4

Why Animal Experimentation Doesnt Work -- Reason 2: Animals Dont Get Human Diseases | HuffPostWhy Animal Experimentation Doesn't Work -- Reason 2: Animals Don't Get Human Diseases | HuffPost

Not only do animal models fail to help us better understand human diseases, they often lead us down the wrong path of ... In the next article, I will discuss the third major reason why animal experimentation doesnt work: animals arent little ... Why Animal Experimentation Doesnt Work -- Reason 2: Animals Dont Get Human Diseases. ... why animal experimentation is unreliable for understanding human health and disease. Animals Dont Get Human Diseases ...
more infohttps://www.huffpost.com/entry/animal-testing-diseases_b_3813856

Does animal experimentation inform human healthcare? Observations from a systematic review of international animal experiments...Does animal experimentation inform human healthcare? Observations from a systematic review of international animal experiments...

Animal Experiments do not inform on human healthcare. In reply to the article Does animal experimentation inform human. ... Does animal.... *Does animal experimentation inform human healthcare? Observations from a systematic review of international ... international animal experiments on fluid resuscitation. fails to mention the ethical consideration of animal. experimentation ... Does animal experimentation inform human healthcare? Observations from a systematic review of international animal experiments ...
more infohttps://www.bmj.com/content/324/7335/474/rapid-responses
  • A majority of the animals that are held in captivity are locked in cages or boxes depending on the size of the animal and being deprived of socialization. (smore.com)
  • They are often abused by their captors, starved and imprisoned in small, cages, only taken out for the torture of animal experimentation. (animal-rights-action.com)
  • It is estimated that more than 100 million animals are used in America "as models biological and medical research to study human disease, injury, development, psychology, and anatomy and physiology" (AAVS). (brightkite.com)
  • The tested animals are injured, live in pain and suffering, and sometimes are left to suffer or die with no relief (AAVS). (brightkite.com)
  • Though it's never easy watching an animal suffer, Singh insists that if society wants better treatment for diabetic patients, it's the price that has to be paid. (thegatewayonline.ca)
  • Bentham's question of whether or not animals suffer became the rallying cry of the animal protection movement at the time. (brightkite.com)
  • Since the late 1800s vivisection which is also known as animal research has become greatly prevalent along with the animal rights movement. (smore.com)
  • When I say "properly conducted" I do not only mean pro-perly conducted in respect of experiments on animals (although that happens to be the particular theme of this lecture), but properly conducted in respect of every research activity that could reasonably cause misgivings. (animalresearch.info)
  • Aristotle and Galen both conducted experiments on animals in an effort to contribute to our understanding of science and medicine.1 Claude Bernard later established animal experimentation as part of the scientific method. (ultimedescente.com)
  • In this book, Smyth provided a Three Rs definition of alternatives: "All procedures which can completely replace the need for animal experiments, reduce the numbers of animals required, or diminish the amount of pain or distress suffered by animals in meeting the essential needs of man and other animals. (ccac.ca)
  • As has been noted, the word alternatives is used to describe any change from present procedures that will result in the replacement of animals, a reduction in the numbers used or a refinement of techniques that may reduce or replace animals or reduce the pain, stress or distress of the animals. (ccac.ca)
  • Nevertheless, by the end of the seventeenth century, the question of animal suffering and the acceptability of such procedures had become an increasingly prominent moral and social concern ( Maehle and Tröhler, 1990 ). (brill.com)
  • In the United Kingdom, for instance, the annual report on scientific procedures performed on living animals under the Animals (Scientific Procedures) Act 1986 for the year 2000 showed that 2.71 million animals were used in that year, a significant decrease from the 1980s, when the figure topped 5 million, although the decline appears to have leveled out. (barnardhealth.us)
  • All of the vitamins, with the exception of vitamin B 12 , can be estimated by the animal-assay technique. (britannica.com)
  • Animals are only used when no other research technique will provide the required information. (writework.com)
  • A similar technique can be used when testing animals, where food is used as a reward for responding to the sound. (wikipedia.org)
  • There is a growing number of consensus to reduce or eliminate animal experimentation, that's why there is a huge school of thought researching to find alternatives. (customwritings.com)
  • Animal experimentation is a significant subject that deals with the many contentions and debates of whether it's morally right or wrong and can create a great amount of controversy. (smore.com)
  • Animal experimentation controversy. (bioethicsobservatory.org)
  • Just recently, two new diabetic drugs, Onglyza and aleglitazar , failed clinical trials after testing in animals. (huffpost.com)
  • It can also mean the replacement of sentient animals (usually vertebrates) with less sentient animals (usually invertebrates such as worms, bacteria, etc). (ccac.ca)
  • The moral aspects of the animal use testing argument involve the view of animals as sentient beings. (brightkite.com)
  • The Committee anticipates and discusses ethically challenging aspects of animal experimentation and develops opinions and recommendations. (samw.ch)
  • This essay discusses advantages of animal experimentation. (writework.com)
  • Experimenters artificially induce strokes by methods such as clamping off major blood vessels in animals' brains or artificially inserting clots into their vessels. (huffpost.com)
  • The nature of the animal's role in medical research and the experiences of the animals themselves remain behind closed doors. (thegatewayonline.ca)
  • In saying that medical research workers should be required to give a fair account of themselves to the general public, I am talking as if the gene-ral public were a sort of all-wise body into whose care the well-being of animals could perfectly safely be entrusted. (animalresearch.info)
  • Millions of animals are used each year for medical research, product testing and education in the United States. (brightkite.com)
  • In the beginning of the era of bariatric surgery, animal experiments had been conducted to improve surgical techniques in bariatric surgery. (jmbs.or.kr)
  • Among animals, a large animal such as pig and rabbit was used to develop and assess surgical skill. (jmbs.or.kr)
  • When deciding whether a license is granted, a cost-benefit analysis weighs up the potential benefits of the experiment versus the likely suffering the test animals will experience. (brighthub.com)
  • say they don't test on animals are skirting the issue. (writework.com)
  • The object of this test is to find the dose level that will fatally poison 50 percent of a sample of animals. (barnardhealth.us)
  • Nevertheless, the LD50 test still is used in some circumstances, and even if only 10 percent as many animals are subjected to it, that still amounts to hundreds of thousands of animals every year. (barnardhealth.us)
  • The replacement for that test, the limit test, still uses animals but does not require doses sufficient to kill them. (barnardhealth.us)
  • As long as experimenters continue to try to recreate diabetes in animals, instead of studying human diabetes, I have little hope that my father's pain will end. (huffpost.com)
  • Experimenters try to recreate the underlying human conditions such as diabetes in animals. (huffpost.com)
  • Thus animal experimenters are continuously going around in circles. (huffpost.com)
  • Of these animals, almost 100,000 experienced "unalleviated pain and distress" in 2010, which means that they were administered physical suffering and were not given drugs to ease their discomfort (AAVS). (brightkite.com)
  • This leads to more pain, deaths, and consequences for the animals used (AAVS). (brightkite.com)
  • Experiments like these are conducted on over 100 million animals, which are treated as if they are not living beings with thoughts, feelings, and pain receptors. (brightkite.com)
  • The questions posed represent two of the more contentious issues in animal based research, teaching and testing: the numbers of animals being used, and the pain and suffering being experienced by these animals. (ccac.ca)
  • Refinement means a change in some aspect of the experiment that results in a reduction or replacement of animals or in a reduction of any pain, stress or distress that animals may experience. (ccac.ca)
  • During the animal experimentation the animals are often put into restrain tubes or other types of restraints so they have no way of escaping the pain. (animal-rights-action.com)
  • Below: Another monkey in a restraint, forcing the animal to endure the terror and pain of being experimented on. (animal-rights-action.com)
  • It is argued, we have a responsibility toward animals and a moral obligation to not cause them pain or distress (jhsph). (brightkite.com)
  • Any pain or death inflicted on an animal should only be done when there is a practical need, and the pain inflicted should be minimized to the fullest extent possible. (brightkite.com)
  • Of the 100 million animals used as models, 13 million animals are being used in research projects each year in America (AAVS). (brightkite.com)
  • Due to the ever growing existence of organizations such as PETA and BUAV, the medical community is under heavy pressure to find alternatives to animal experimentation such as sophisticated computer models. (customwritings.com)
  • Differences between species can cause issues when extrapolating data from animal models to people. (navs.org)
  • Many commented that while organoids are proving to be powerful research tools, research will ultimately need to be validated in animal models. (navs.org)
  • Ironically, these animal models have not been formally validated themselves. (navs.org)
  • We look forward to the full potential of these continually improving models being realized, as they will make a tremendous contribution to science, and will significantly impact animal use in the process. (navs.org)
  • Will Organs-in-a-Dish Ever Replace Animal Models? (navs.org)
  • The use of animals as investigative models increased in the second half of the nineteenth century, often in highly-invasive research and still predating most forms of anesthesia or analgesia. (brill.com)
  • Strike 2: Animal stroke models don't usually include the underlying conditions, which contribute to human stroke. (huffpost.com)
  • Below: Rabbit Experimentation - Eye Irritancy Tests where chemicals are put into the eye and it is forced shut to keep the chemical in for at least 10 minutes to see what damage it does. (animal-rights-action.com)
  • Although animal experimentation still exists today, the number of animals that are used for experimentation has decreased about fifty percent within the past ten years. (smore.com)
  • 1628 words - 7 pages It's Time for a More Responsible Approach to Animal Research, Testing, and Experimentation The debate about using animals for medical testing has been raging for years. (brightkite.com)
  • experiments with animals were conducted in Greece over two thousand years ago. (writework.com)
  • Over the past 40 years the Three Rs have become widely accepted ethical principles to be embedded in the conduct of animal based science. (ccac.ca)
  • But in recent years, at least 1734 drugs proven safe for human use in animal studies were recalled due to Adverse Drug Reactions (U.S. Food and Drug Administration records). (all-creatures.org)
  • The debate about using animals for medical testing has been ongoing for years. (brightkite.com)
  • In 1986 the U.S. Congress, Office of Technology Assessment, estimated that 'at least 17 million to 22 million' animals are used in research annually (U.S. Congress, Office of Technology Assessment). (barnardhealth.us)
  • This act excludes a great amount of cold-blooded animal and farm animals which are raised and experimented on known as agricultural research. (smore.com)
  • A six-part series which examines practical and ethical issues involved in the use of animals for scientific research. (brighthub.com)
  • By employing the 3Rs when continuing to use animals for scientific research, the scientific community can affirm its moral conscience as well as uphold its obligation to humanity to further the advancement of science for civilization and humanity. (ultimedescente.com)