Animal DiseasesVeterinary Medicine: The medical science concerned with the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases in animals.Schools, Veterinary: Educational institutions for individuals specializing in the field of veterinary medicine.Animals, Domestic: Animals which have become adapted through breeding in captivity to a life intimately associated with humans. They include animals domesticated by humans to live and breed in a tame condition on farms or ranches for economic reasons, including LIVESTOCK (specifically CATTLE; SHEEP; HORSES; etc.), POULTRY; and those raised or kept for pleasure and companionship, e.g., PETS; or specifically DOGS; CATS; etc.Livestock: Domesticated farm animals raised for home use or profit but excluding POULTRY. Typically livestock includes CATTLE; SHEEP; HORSES; SWINE; GOATS; and others.Cattle Diseases: Diseases of domestic cattle of the genus Bos. It includes diseases of cows, yaks, and zebus.Veterinarians: Individuals with a degree in veterinary medicine that provides them with training and qualifications to treat diseases and injuries of animals.Animals, Wild: Animals considered to be wild or feral or not adapted for domestic use. It does not include wild animals in zoos for which ANIMALS, ZOO is available.Foot-and-Mouth DiseaseZoonoses: Diseases of non-human animals that may be transmitted to HUMANS or may be transmitted from humans to non-human animals.Abortion, Veterinary: Premature expulsion of the FETUS in animals.Communicable Diseases, Emerging: Infectious diseases that are novel in their outbreak ranges (geographic and host) or transmission mode.Cattle: Domesticated bovine animals of the genus Bos, usually kept on a farm or ranch and used for the production of meat or dairy products or for heavy labor.Sheep Diseases: Diseases of domestic and mountain sheep of the genus Ovis.Animal Husbandry: The science of breeding, feeding and care of domestic animals; includes housing and nutrition.Disease Models, Animal: Naturally occurring or experimentally induced animal diseases with pathological processes sufficiently similar to those of human diseases. They are used as study models for human diseases.Agriculture: The science, art or practice of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raising livestock.Goats: Any of numerous agile, hollow-horned RUMINANTS of the genus Capra, in the family Bovidae, closely related to the SHEEP.Swine Diseases: Diseases of domestic swine and of the wild boar of the genus Sus.Swine: Any of various animals that constitute the family Suidae and comprise stout-bodied, short-legged omnivorous mammals with thick skin, usually covered with coarse bristles, a rather long mobile snout, and small tail. Included are the genera Babyrousa, Phacochoerus (wart hogs), and Sus, the latter containing the domestic pig (see SUS SCROFA).Disease Outbreaks: Sudden increase in the incidence of a disease. The concept includes EPIDEMICS and PANDEMICS.Horses: Large, hoofed mammals of the family EQUIDAE. Horses are active day and night with most of the day spent seeking and consuming food. Feeding peaks occur in the early morning and late afternoon, and there are several daily periods of rest.Sheep: Any of the ruminant mammals with curved horns in the genus Ovis, family Bovidae. They possess lachrymal grooves and interdigital glands, which are absent in GOATS.Periodicals as Topic: A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.Bibliometrics: The use of statistical methods in the analysis of a body of literature to reveal the historical development of subject fields and patterns of authorship, publication, and use. Formerly called statistical bibliography. (from The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Access to Information: Individual's rights to obtain and use information collected or generated by others.Journal Impact Factor: A quantitative measure of the frequency on average with which articles in a journal have been cited in a given period of time.Publishing: "The business or profession of the commercial production and issuance of literature" (Webster's 3d). It includes the publisher, publication processes, editing and editors. Production may be by conventional printing methods or by electronic publishing.Peer Review, Research: The evaluation by experts of the quality and pertinence of research or research proposals of other experts in the same field. Peer review is used by editors in deciding which submissions warrant publication, by granting agencies to determine which proposals should be funded, and by academic institutions in tenure decisions.Journalism, Medical: The collection, writing, and editing of current interest material on topics related to biomedicine for presentation through the mass media, including newspapers, magazines, radio, or television, usually for a public audience such as health care consumers.Internet: A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.Aphids: A family (Aphididae) of small insects, in the suborder Sternorrhyncha, that suck the juices of plants. Important genera include Schizaphis and Myzus. The latter is known to carry more than 100 virus diseases between plants.Veterinary Service, Military: A corps of the armed services concerned with animal medicine, the chief interest of which is the care of government-owned working dogs (as in the military police units), working horses (as in state funerals), and working military dolphins (as in undersea exploration and other activities). In the United States Army Veterinary Corps animal medicine overlaps and interconnects with biomedical research using laboratory research animals. A related activity is laboratory animal care. The Corps provides limited care for privately owned animals of military personnel through non-appropriated funds. Military service veterinarians in the United States Army must be graduates of accredited veterinary schools and must have a state license. (Telephone communication with Lt. Col. William Inskeep II, U.S. Army Veterinary Corps, October 4, 1994)Patient Isolators: Equipment used to prevent contamination of and by patients, especially those with bacterial infections. This includes plastic surgical isolators and isolators used to protect immunocompromised patients.Social Media: Platforms that provide the ability and tools to create and publish information accessed via the INTERNET. Generally these platforms have three characteristics with content user generated, high degree of interaction between creator and viewer, and easily integrated with other sites.Iguanas: Large herbivorous tropical American lizards.Animals, ZooDocumentation: Systematic organization, storage, retrieval, and dissemination of specialized information, especially of a scientific or technical nature (From ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983). It often involves authenticating or validating information.Animal Identification Systems: Procedures for recognizing individual animals and certain identifiable characteristics pertaining to them; includes computerized methods, ear tags, etc.Product Recalls and Withdrawals: The removal of a consumer product from the market place. The reason for the removal can be due a variety of causes, including the discovery of a manufacturing defect, a safety issue with the product's use, or marketing decisions.Tissue Transplantation: Transference of tissue within an individual, between individuals of the same species, or between individuals of different species.Electronics: The study, control, and application of the conduction of ELECTRICITY through gases or vacuum, or through semiconducting or conducting materials. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Kyasanur Forest Disease: Tick-borne flavivirus infection occurring in the Kyasanur Forest in India.Phoca: A genus in the family of EARLESS SEALS (Phocidae) and collectively the most abundant PINNIPEDS in the Northern Hemisphere.Lyme Disease: An infectious disease caused by a spirochete, BORRELIA BURGDORFERI, which is transmitted chiefly by Ixodes dammini (see IXODES) and pacificus ticks in the United States and Ixodes ricinis (see IXODES) in Europe. It is a disease with early and late cutaneous manifestations plus involvement of the nervous system, heart, eye, and joints in variable combinations. The disease was formerly known as Lyme arthritis and first discovered at Old Lyme, Connecticut.West Nile virus: A species of FLAVIVIRUS, one of the Japanese encephalitis virus group (ENCEPHALITIS VIRUSES, JAPANESE). It can infect birds and mammals. In humans, it is seen most frequently in Africa, Asia, and Europe presenting as a silent infection or undifferentiated fever (WEST NILE FEVER). The virus appeared in North America for the first time in 1999. It is transmitted mainly by CULEX spp mosquitoes which feed primarily on birds, but it can also be carried by the Asian Tiger mosquito, AEDES albopictus, which feeds mainly on mammals.Galliformes: An order of heavy-bodied, largely terrestrial BIRDS including pheasants, TURKEYS, grouse, QUAIL, and CHICKENS.Seals, Earless: The family Phocidae, suborder PINNIPEDIA, order CARNIVORA, comprising the true seals. They lack external ears and are unable to use their hind flippers to walk. It includes over 18 species including the harp seal, probably the best known seal species in the world.Coyotes: The species Canis latrans in the family CANIDAE, a smaller relative of WOLVES. It is found in the Western hemisphere from Costa Rica to Alaska.Lynx: A genus in the family FELIDAE comprising felines with long legs, ear tufts, and a short tail.Universal Precautions: Prudent standard preventive measures to be taken by professional and other health personnel in contact with persons afflicted with a communicable disease, to avoid contracting the disease by contagion or infection. Precautions are especially applicable in the diagnosis and care of AIDS patients.Deer: The family Cervidae of 17 genera and 45 species occurring nearly throughout North America, South America, and Eurasia, on most associated continental islands, and in northern Africa. Wild populations of deer have been established through introduction by people in Cuba, New Guinea, Australia, New Zealand, and other places where the family does not naturally occur. They are slim, long-legged and best characterized by the presence of antlers. Their habitat is forests, swamps, brush country, deserts, and arctic tundra. They are usually good swimmers; some migrate seasonally. (Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, p1362)Puma: A genus in the family FELIDAE comprising one species, Puma concolor. It is a large, long-tailed, feline of uniform color. The names puma, cougar, and mountain lion are used interchangeably for this species. There are more than 20 subspecies.Carnivora: An order of MAMMALS, usually flesh eaters with appropriate dentition. Suborders include the terrestrial carnivores Fissipedia, and the aquatic carnivores PINNIPEDIA.

Epidemiological field studies of animal populations. (1/378)

Numerous survey designs have been developed for epidemiological field studies of human populations, most of which are also applicable to field studies of animal poulations. Each design has its own advantages and disadvantages. The final design selected for a particular study depends upon such factors as the overall purpose of the study, the geographic dimensions of the study area, the diseases incidence or prevalence and species to be studied as well as the planned use for the data. Population dynamics including the distribution and density of the species to be studied are factors that should also be considered in the initial design of a study. A surveillance system, using mailed questionnaire data and a subsequent survey using direct interviews of validate the data in a statewide study of swine birth defects are used to illustrate some of the techniques that can be applied to domestic animal populations in a fairly large geographic area. The type of data collected, its use and its limitations are also considered.  (+info)

Studies on time-kill kinetics of different classes of antibiotics against veterinary pathogenic bacteria including Pasteurella, Actinobacillus and Escherichia coli. (2/378)

A systematic analysis of the bacteriostatic/bactericidal effect of several antibiotics used in veterinary medicine was carried out by time-kill kinetic analysis using P. haemolytica, P. multocida, A. pleuropneumoniae, and E. coli. The antibiotics tested were enrofloxacin, danofloxacin, erythromycin, tilmicosin, penicillin G, ceftiofur and tetracycline. Unexpectedly, the antibiotics well characterized as bacteriostatic agents against human pathogens such as tetracycline and macrolides, showed bactericidal activity against P. haemolytica and A. pleuropneumoniae. In contrast, tetracycline and erythromycin were bacteriostatic and tilmicosin was bactericidal against P. multocida. In addition, P. multocida was killed by fluoroquinolones at a slower rate than the other bacteria. Spectrum analysis revealed that ceftiofur and tilmicosin were good substrates of the universal efflux pump, AcrA/B, but penicillin and tetracycline were not. The fluoroquinolones were modest substrates for AcrA/B.  (+info)

An antiserum raised against the recombinant cytoplasmic tail of the human CD43 glycoprotein identifies CD43 in many mammalian species. (3/378)

Leukosialin or CD43 is a heavily O-glycosylated transmembrane protein expressed on all cells of the haematopoietic cell lineage with the exception of red blood cells and mature B cells. This antigen has been identified in human, mouse and rat with monoclonal antibodies. Although orthologues of many human and rodent leucocyte cell surface antigens have been described in recent years, CD43, despite its abundance on human and rodent cells, remained uncharacterized in other vertebrate species. The comparison of CD43 amino acid sequences from human, mouse and rat indicated a high level of homology in the cytoplasmic domain. A serum, (p.aCD43cp) raised against the recombinant cytoplasmic tail of the human CD43, was shown not only to recognize human CD43, but it bound to putative CD43 orthologues in many mammalian species. CD43 was found to be expressed in the same leucocyte subpopulations and circumstantial evidence suggested that CD43 is also regulated similarly during leucocyte ontogeny in all species investigated. As CD43+ cells were readily observed in fixed tissues, the p.aCD43cp serum may be used as a reliable reagent for the verification of the haematopoietic origin of infiltrations and, used together with other reagents, for the serological characterization of normal and pathological lymphoid tissues and lymphoid infiltrations in experimental work and in animal disease.  (+info)

Proteoglycan turnover during development of spontaneous osteoarthrosis in guinea pigs. (4/378)

OBJECTIVE: The study was performed to clarify the metabolic background of the variations in proteoglycan concentrations, relating to ageing and the spontaneous development of osteoarthrosis in guinea pigs. METHODS: Six-, 9- and 12-month-old Hartley guinea pigs were injected intraperitoneally with Na2(35)SO4. The incorporation and degradation of various proteoglycans were analyzed in different areas of tibial articular cartilage during the development of osteoarthrosis. RESULTS: Proteoglycan synthesis was most active in the uncalcified cartilage of 6-month animals and highest in the medial compartment with its presumably higher load. The breakdown of proteoglycans decreased with age. The onset of osteoarthrosis was associated with decreased synthesis of large and small proteoglycans, while the rate of degradation remained unchanged. CONCLUSION: During onset of osteoarthrosis the synthesis of large proteoglycans gradually becomes insufficient to compensate for the simultaneous degradation. This differs from findings in more rapidly progressing, experimental secondary osteoarthrosis, where a substantial increase in the rate of degradation is more conspicuous.  (+info)

Development of an ELISA for detection of myxoma virus-specific rabbit antibodies: test evaluation for diagnostic applications on vaccinated and wild rabbit sera. (5/378)

An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was developed and compared with 2 reference diagnostic tests (indirect immunofluorescence [IF] and complement fixation) to detect myxoma virus-specific antibodies in sera from 50 rabbits experimentally vaccinated with an attenuated strain of myxoma virus or with a Shope fibroma virus. The ELISA was highly specific (100% specificity) and sensitive (100%, 21 days after homologous vaccination). In a comparison of the ELISA with the IF test in 128 wild rabbits from France, discrepant results were obtained in only 11 (8.6%) animals, which were positive with the ELISA and negative with the IF test. The higher sensitivity and the good specificity of the ELISA was confirmed in a serologic survey of 118 rabbits from 2 Kerguelen (Indian Ocean) islands, where the prevalence of myxomatosis varied considerably. The ELISA is an alternative serologic test for diagnosis, vaccine evaluation, and seroepidemiologic surveys of myxomatosis.  (+info)

Public health response to a potentially rabid bear cub--Iowa, 1999. (6/378)

On August 27, 1999, a 5-6 month-old black bear cub in a petting zoo in Clermont, Iowa, died after developing acute central nervous system signs; the initial direct fluorescent-antibody (DFA) test results available on August 28 indicated the bear had rabies. On August 29, in response to the positive laboratory report, the Iowa Department of Public Health (IDPH) initiated a campaign to identify and inform persons potentially exposed to the bear's saliva. Within 72 hours, IDPH staff verified contact and exposure information for approximately 350 persons. Subsequent testing found no evidence of rabies virus in brain or spinal cord tissues. This report describes the public health response to this potential rabies outbreak and reviews testing procedures and protocols for rabies.  (+info)

Baroreflex sensitivity predicts the induction of ventricular arrhythmias by cesium chloride in rabbits. (7/378)

Previous studies have shown that the autonomic nervous system plays an important role in the genesis of ventricular tachycardia (VT) in patients with long QT syndrome, and in cesium chloride (Cs)-induced VT in animals. The present study investigated whether baroreflex sensitivity predicts the induction of VT by Cs in the rabbit in vivo. Monophasic action potentials (MAPs) of the left ventricular endocardium were recorded simultaneously with the surface ECG in 27 rabbits. Rabbits were divided into 4 groups based on the Cs-induced ventricular arrhythmias: (1) no ventricular premature contractions (No-VPC group), (2) single or paired VPC (VPC group), (3) monomorphic VT (MVT group), and (4) polymorphic VT (PVT group). Baroreflex sensitivity was significantly lower in the MVT and PVT groups than in the No-VPC and VPC groups. The plasma norepinephrine concentration before Cs injection was significantly higher in the MVT group than in the other 3 groups, and the norepinephrine concentration after Cs injection was significantly higher in the MVT and PVT groups than in the No-VPC and VPC groups. Baroreflex sensitivity was negatively correlated with the norepinephrine concentration before Cs injection. These results suggest that autonomic nervous system dysfunction, as defined by reduced baroreflex sensitivity, and elevated plasma norepinephrine concentrations predict increased susceptibility to Cs-induced VT.  (+info)

In vitro microbiological characterization of novel cyclic homopentapeptides, CP-101,680 and CP-163,234, for animal health use. (8/378)

Two cyclic homopentapeptides, CP-101,680 and CP-163,234 [6a-(3',4'-dichlorophenylamino) analogs of viomycin and capreomycin, respectively], were identified as novel antibacterial agents for the treatment of animal disease, especially for livestock respiratory disease. The in vitro microbiological characterization of both CP-101,680 and CP-163,234 was carried out using their parent compounds, viomycin and capreomycin, as controls. This characterization included antibacterial spectrum, influence of media, inoculum size, pH, EDTA, polymixin B nonapeptide (PMBN), serum, cell-free protein synthesis inhibition, and time-kill kinetics. Our results indicated that the capreomycin analog, CP-163,234, showed slightly improved in vitro potency over the viomycin analog, CP-101,680. Both analogs showed very potent cell-free protein synthesis inhibition activity and were bactericidal against Pasteurella haemolytica, P. multocida and Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae at the level of 4 times and 8 times MICs. CP-163,234 was bactericidal at the level of 4x and 8x MIC against E. coli, but re-growth was observed after 24 hours incubation at both concentrations of CP-101,680.  (+info)

  • I may start the day at an operational meeting or we may be talking about special agents like foot-and-mouth disease," he said. (
  • The platform's current focus is the development of vaccines, pharmaceuticals and diagnostic tests for major animal diseases because the limited availability of these innovative tools is endangering the efficient control of a number of animal diseases. (
  • The additional funds would be used to accelerate work on emergency response plans, organize disease response exercises and expand coordination efforts with industry partners. (
  • Much of Dr. Barrett's job, which he has held since Sept. 6, 2007, involves improving the public's perceptions of the lab, where scientists study strains of foreign livestock disease with the goal of protecting America's food supply from various illnesses that run rampant among cattle, pigs, horses and goats in other countries. (
  • Some wild animals may carry rabies . (
  • Diseases from animals may include ringworm , salmonella , rabies , and many others. (
  • It is far preferable to just have your pet vaccinated against rabies and be cautious around wildlife, especially an animal lying on the ground appearing sick or dead. (
  • She cautions that it s important for everyone to be aware of all wildlife that can carry rabies, be observant of animal behavior and follow general precautions including not feeding or handling wild animals. (
  • The Communicable Disease Unit works with local Animal Control agencies to ensure that either the animal(s) and/or human(s) involved with an animal bite incident were not exposed to rabies. (
  • Flu and rabies are well known, but sexually transmitted diseases crop up in animals too. (
  • Moreover, thanks to the eradication programmes, the rabies (a fatal disease transmitted by animals to humans) situation in Member States continues also to improve and the increased level of co-financing (75 per cent) will further assist the Member States in their final efforts to eradicate rabies. (
  • Post-rabies vaccine encephalomyelitis, postinfectious encephalomyelitis, and acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy are all monophasic, inflammatory, demyelinating diseases that appear to be autoimmune in pathogenesis and induced by prior antigenic stimulation or infection. (
  • The Emergency Centre for Transboundary Animal Diseases (ECTAD) is FAO's corporate centre for the planning and delivery of veterinary assistance to FAO member countries responding to the threat of transboundary animal health crises. (
  • The world's veterinary officers are warning that trans-border animal health crises - which used to occur every two decades or so - have recently been happening every year. (
  • The Chief Veterinary Officer for the Food and Agriculture Organization, Joseph Domenech, says he is worried that vigilance will wane when animal disease outbreaks fade from the headlines. (
  • Animal disease outbreaks pose a significant social and economic threat toward human health, the management and veterinary care of farm animals and fish, and the production of animal-based products such as meat, milk, eggs, leather, and wool. (
  • To keep diseases under control and be able to respond rapidly to any possible outbreaks, we need to be able to do our own diagnoses," said Gerard Mahloane, acting Director General of Veterinary Services at Lesotho's Ministry of Agriculture and Food Security. (
  • Veterinary Services protects and improves the health, quality, and marketability of our nation's animals, animal products and veterinary biologics by preventing, controlling and/or eliminating animal diseases, and monitoring and promoting animal health and productivity. (
  • In addition to the description of TADs in Sahelian Africa and connected regions, several issues regarding the burden of TADs, the role of national/regional/international veterinary organizations in the surveillance process, animal mobility, one health and TADs in the dromedary are discussed. (
  • This work will be of general interest to researchers, veterinarians, veterinary public health officers, and students engaged in the surveillance and control of animal infectious diseases, included those of zoonotic nature and that are prevalent in the Sahel. (
  • Dr Moustafa Kardjadj, DVM, MVS, PhD , is a senior scientist at SPA (Santé et Production Animal) research laboratory of ENSV (The Algerian Veterinary School) and an Assistant Professor of statistics / director of studies and diploma of ESSAIA (The Algerian Food Science School). (
  • Dr Adama Diallo, DVM, PhD , is a senior scientist of ASTRE (Animals, Health, Territories, Risks & Environment) research unit of CIRAD (The French agricultural research and international cooperation organization) working currently in Senegal as the advisor of the Director of the Senegal national veterinary laboratory LNERV (Laboratoire National d'Elevage et de Recherches Vétérinaires). (
  • The National Veterinary Institute, also under the Ministry of Enterprise and Innovation, is the central source of data related to outbreaks and surveillance of animal diseases that are reported internationally by the Board of Agriculture. (
  • If you have a veterinarian listed when dead animals are submitted to the Connecticut Veterinary Medical Diagnostic Laboratory, the information is shared with the veterinarian and he or she can assist you with dealing with the problem. (
  • Veterinarians provide essential services, and thus, the Louisiana Animal Disease Diagnostic Laboratory (LADDL) testing services remain vital for the support of the veterinary community. (
  • It is an ideal book for all small animal practitioners and veterinary students. (
  • ARS is organizing a Middle East Regional Gap Analysis workshop to be held in Amman, Jordan in July to foster relationships between participating nations, and disseminate scientific information and veterinary medical countermeasures to protect animals and people in the Middle-East. (
  • Learn about animal diseases and how veterinary professionals make a diagnosis. (
  • Particularly useful to veterinary surgeons and meat inspectors within the abattoir and lamb producers who will be receiving condemnation data from these establishments, this well-illustrated report focuses on sheep anatomy, diseases, and other conditions. (
  • The full colour photographs make this another invaluable tool for all those for whom knowledge of porcine anatomy, diseases and other conditions is required, including veterinary surgeons and meat inspectors within the abattoir, and also producers who will be receiving condemnation data from these establishments. (
  • High Risk Period-1 (HRP1) is the time between when a disease like foot and mouth enters the disease free country and when the veterinary authority identifies it as present. (
  • The Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) through trade negotiation and import controls is largely to credit with the prevention of entry of FAD to Canada (P$). The length of HRP1 or the early detection system has many components, veterinary practitioners, farmers the CFIA reportable disease system. (
  • In order to contain the disease, the Lyantonde Resident District Commissioner, Sulaiman Tiguragara Matojo, says the district veterinary department has closed several cattle markets in the three affected sub-counties. (
  • KCBS) - KCBS' Jeff Bell talks to Dr. Jack Aldridge, Director of Veterinary Services at The San Francisco SPCA about this disease in pets. (
  • Recognising the differences between what is normal and what is abnormal about an animal or group of animals forms the basic foundation for good animal husbandry and veterinary medicine. (
  • Other joint activities included epidemiological surveillance of confiscated animals and operations involving veterinary services, police and customs targeting illegal trade in pets. (
  • The International Committee on Allergic Diseases of Animals (ICADA) was established in 2010 to arrange for the publication of critical reviews on atopic dermatitis and other allergic conditions affecting the skin and other organ systems of all domestic animal species, and to advance the practice of veterinary dermatology as applied to allergic diseases. (
  • Orion Health, a leading provider of clinical workflow and integration technology for the healthcare sector, announces that Texas Veterinary Medical Diagnostic Laboratory (TVMDL) has selected Rhapsody™ Integration Engine to integrate laboratory data from multiple facilities regarding animal health for improved tracking and analysis of animal disease. (
  • Since 2002, those assets have been protected by the National Animal Health Laboratory Network (NAHLN), created through the cooperation of CSREES, the USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, and the American Association of Veterinary Laboratory Diagnosticians. (
  • The NAHLN coordinates the veterinary diagnostic laboratory capacity of state animal health laboratories and their extensive infrastructure -- facilities, equipment, and professional expertise. (
  • The Texas Veterinary Medical Diagnostic Laboratories (TVMDL) provide a service to the animal industries of Texas in the form of diagnostic laboratory tests on specimens from live or dead animals, permitting prompt, accurate, and cost effective diagnosis so that sick animals may be treated, preventative measures established and epizootics prevented. (
  • He is a former head of the virology section in Cirad in Montpellier, France, and a former head of the Animal Production and Health Laboratory at the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) in Vienna, Austria. (
  • It also includes the 'Country Card', which depicts the central competent authorities responsible for the data on animal diseases (data on outbreaks, surveillance activities and laboratory results) and on animal populations (bovines, swine, poultry) in Sweden. (
  • This 'Country Card' summarises the information related to the central competent authorities responsible for the data on animal diseases (data on outbreaks, surveillance activities and laboratory results) and on animal populations (bovines, swine, poultry). (
  • The lobster's response to disease -seen in both field and laboratory experiments-is one we have become all too familiar with this year: social distancing. (
  • When a disease event occurs, good records provide essential information needed to complete an investigative history for you, your veterinarian, the diagnostic laboratory personnel, and the State Veterinarian. (
  • Section 22-26f(e) of the Connecticut General Statutes provides the State Veterinarian the authority to issue a list of reportable animal and avian diseases and reportable laboratory findings to veterinarians licensed in the state and to diagnostic laboratories that conduct tests on Connecticut animals and birds. (
  • The Louisiana Animal Disease Diagnostic Laboratory (LADDL), committed to providing the highest quality diagnostic services, is in the process of revising laboratory testing fees to adjust for the rising costs of laboratory supplies and investments in advanced technologies. (
  • If there is a need for conclusive identification of a disease or condition, an accurate laboratory diagnosis should be obtained. (
  • In addition we are fortunate to have the national FAD diagnostics service laboratory, the laboratory able to confirm foot and mouth or hog cholera here in Winnipeg at the National Centre for Human and Animal Health on Arlington Street. (
  • Of crucial importance to the early warning system is the penetration of veterinarians into rural food animal practice, suitable diagnostic laboratory support in Provincial or commercial laboratories and live animal inspection at slaughter facilities. (
  • It is designed to foster TAD research expertise in various biosafety level environments through classroom and practical training in biosafety, containment, research laboratory, animal handling and regulatory compliance. (
  • Several models have been developed to address cardiovascular complications, including atherothrombotic and cardiac diseases, and the same pathology have been successfully recreated in different species, including small and big animal models of disease. (
  • To protect these resources, ATCC has compiled a collection of microbial species commonly associated with agricultural animal diseases. (
  • This page provides information about our tests, organised by animal species. (
  • The identification and documentation requirements for each kind of animal covered by the Rule are summarized in the USDA's ADT Rule Summary of General Requirements by Species and outlined briefly below. (
  • It appears that many species are under an immense amount of stress, allowing opportunistic diseases to take hold," Rob Mies, executive director of the Organization for Bat Conservation, told Discovery News . (
  • In addition to lobsters, animals as diverse as monkeys, fishes, insects and birds detect and distance themselves from sick members of their species. (
  • No matter what the species, large or small, disease is the common threat to all. (
  • And we think that these species are very, very likely to transfer diseases across to us," she said. (
  • As they do, Cooper said, they're encountering new species of animals and possibly new diseases as well. (
  • The animals were found to carry several strains or species of parasites similar to those that cause Lyme disease and other infections in humans. (
  • If an infectious disease wipes out a lemur population it could be a huge blow to the species. (
  • The anatomy and physiology of marine species has many unique aspects, with organs and systems not found in land animals. (
  • Zoonotic skin diseases including ringworm, caused by the fungus Microsporum canis and scabies, caused by the mite Sarcoptes scabiei, Cheyletiella mites, and harvest mites ( Trombicula species) are transmitted relatively easily to people through direct physical contact. (
  • In fact, of the roughly 1,500 diseases now recognized in humans, about 60 percent are due to pathogens that move across species. (
  • These manmade factors, the writers say, have produced a 'global mixing bowl' where 'microbes have great possibilities to create new niches, cross species boundaries, travel worldwide very quickly and establish new beachheads in populations of people and animals while also invading environments where they are being uniquely maintained in nature outside of living hosts. (
  • Modular organization in animal social networks is hypothesized to alleviate the cost of disease burden in group-living species. (
  • However, our analysis of empirical social networks of 43 animal species along with theoretical networks demonstrates that infectious disease spread is largely unaffected by the underlying modular organization, except when social networks are extremely subdivided. (
  • We analyzed empirical social networks from 43 animal species to motivate our study of the epidemiological consequences of modular structure in animal societies. (
  • Projects funded through the EEID program allow scientists to study how large-scale environmental events--such as habitat destruction, invasions of non-native species and pollution--alter the risks of emergence of viral, parasitic and bacterial diseases in humans and animals. (
  • Globalization, land encroachment and climate change contribute to outbreaks of such animal diseases - some transmissible to humans - as brucellosis, bovine tuberculosis, parasitic illnesses, anthrax, bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) and certain strains of influenza viruses. (
  • CWD belongs to a family of diseases called prion diseases or transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs). (
  • The Rift Valley fever virus spreads widely in animals and has been detected in humans, causing human death. (
  • Scientific evidence suggests BSE is associated with a rare human disease called variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease (vCJD). (
  • Given the wide range of models available, today it is possible to devise the best strategy, which may help us to find more efficient and reliable solutions against human cardiovascular diseases. (
  • Here, we will summarize the most common models of cardiovascular diseases, including those implemented in both large and small animals, designed for helping to cover with more precision and to better understand every single aspect related to these human pathologies. (
  • Good hygiene is important to stopping the spread of animal-to-human diseases. (
  • Naturally-occurring or experimentally-induced animal diseases with pathological processes analogous to human diseases. (
  • Describing it as 'a combination we haven't seen in disease before,' researchers warned that the new strain of influenza A could have severe repercussions for human health. (
  • Described by malaria researchers as a 'reservoir for human disease,' monkeys and apes are widely known for harboring emerging zoonotic diseases. (
  • And so it's much easier for these diseases, if they're kind of adapted to this primate model system, to come into another primate, a human," she said. (
  • But that led us to think about the other human ailments animals can become afflicted with. (
  • We do not monitor for what are known as "production diseases" that are relatively comm​on, do not threaten human health or spread to other farms, or have trade implications. (
  • Smuggling of wild animals has always posed hazards to human health, but the stakes may be getting higher today, given the role of animal hosts in lethal outbreaks such as SARS (severe acute respiratory syndrome) and avian influenza. (
  • Plants expressing human Bcl-2 and Bcl-xl, nematode CED-9, or baculovirus Op-IAP transgenes conferred heritable resistance to several necrotrophic fungal pathogens, suggesting that disease development required host-cell death pathways. (
  • And so, anytime you increase that wildlife-human interface, that's sort of an emerging disease hot spot. (
  • The carefully controlled use of random-source dogs and cats contributes greatly to improving the health and welfare of both animals and human beings. (
  • Diseases are listed in alphabetical order and follow the format of name, synonym, aetiology, pathogenesis, clinical symptoms, gross legions, and judgment as to fitness for human consumption. (
  • Even though polar bears have blood cholesterol levels high enough to fell a human, they have a notably low incidence of heart disease . (
  • In the Animal Diseases Act, an animal disease means a disease or infection that may be transmitted from an animal to another animal or to a human being. (
  • Repetitive dosing in some models has more closely mimicked the pathology of human fibrotic lung disease. (
  • It's villages like this one that scientists fear could be the cradle of the next superbug, one that can jump from animal to human, and then mutate so it can leap from human to human. (
  • Roy Kupsinel, M.D. once announced that "animal experimentation produces a lot of misleading and confusing data which poses hazards to human health. (
  • The task force, composed of leaders in human and animal health, public health, the environment, government and industry, drafted 12 recommendations aimed at establishing the framework for One Health, which they say will involve multiple disciplines working together 'to attain optimal health for people, animals and our environment. (
  • Overall 137 programmes have been selected for EU funding to tackle animal diseases that impact on human and animal health as well as trade. (
  • The conclusions, findings, and opinions expressed by authors contributing to this journal do not necessarily reflect the official position of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the Public Health Service, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, or the authors' affiliated institutions. (
  • The present invention concerns non-human transgenic animals that are useful as models of lung diseases such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and cystic fibrosis. (
  • Although this study focused on T. canis , the findings and the technological approaches used should be readily applicable to a wide range of other ascaridoid nematodes (roundworms) of major animal and human health importance," Professor Gasser said. (
  • Second, although it is possible to investigate the differentiation of stem cells into different cell types in vitro, for stem cells to be of any use in human medicine it is essential to determine whether these cells can function normally when transplanted into an animal. (
  • Minimize the amount of exposure to external sources of contaminants both human and animal. (
  • Is human interaction with the environment somehow responsible for the increase in incidence of these diseases? (
  • It supports efforts to understand the underlying ecological and biological mechanisms behind human-induced environmental changes and the emergence and transmission of infectious diseases. (
  • Threats to human health, food security and ecosystem services are growing, in part due to increases in the spread of diseases,' says Sam Scheiner, NSF EEID program director. (
  • In the urban slums of Brazil, other grantees will study the influence on human health of leptospirosis--a common disease transmitted to people from animals. (
  • This section focuses on topics related to human or animal health, and medicine. (
  • The use of animal models have contributed to increase our knowledge, providing new approaches focused to improve the diagnostic and the treatment of these pathologies. (
  • The development and evaluation of rapid diagnostic methods is critical for the detection and effective treatment of agricultural animal pathogens. (
  • We provide diagnostic services for sick animals and for export purposes. (
  • Dr Diallo is a recognized expert in vaccine and diagnostic tests development for the control of animal diseases. (
  • Learn to examine sick animals, and understand how diagnostic procedures are applied for determining diseases. (
  • Research to improve existing or development of new diagnostic tests, as well as studying new or unusual diseases, is ongoing. (
  • The campaign, which continues until the end of May 2018, will vaccinate over 3 million cattle against aphthous fever, crystalline inflammation and PPR, in line with the national plan for animal health 2015-2025 and ADFCA's strategic plan 2016-2020. (
  • While mosquitoes and ticks, those pesky harbingers of West Nile, dengue fever, cholera, Lyme disease , and Kyasanur fever (among other assorted viral, fungal, and bacterial pathogens) are universally hated, it's hard to believe the Earth's more cuddly creatures could breed evil. (
  • A study in PLoS Pathogens showed that tuberculosis-causing bacteria among four badgers and 26 cows in Ireland were almost indistinguishable from each other, showing a link between the two animals. (
  • What is the biology of the pathogens involved and what defence mechanisms do affected animals have? (
  • The USDA first suggests increasing the awareness of diseases that are emerging overseas, and preparing for the possibility that those pathogens may pose a threat to U.S. animal health, public health or trade. (
  • In the spring, the agency's Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) formed three agreements with overseas governments to boost vaccine access and coordinate responses to emerging pathogens. (
  • Finally, as most bioterrorism agents are zoonotic, protocols were developed to investigate the origin and ability to cause disease of zoonotic pathogens, to protect the public against attacks. (
  • Animal and plant diseases cause significant losses in food production around the globe, with some pathogens also causing food-borne illnesses in humans,' says Sonny Ramaswamy, director of USDA's National Institute of Food and Agriculture. (
  • 1- Bioscope, an observatory of the living organisms of the Mediterranean: a real-time information system that gives epidemiological forecasts and helps prevent and control the diseases being monitored: flu, bluetongue, Trichinella, etc. (
  • Bluetongue is a notifiable disease of ruminants and therefore of wild deer. (
  • That's true in markets like the one in Wuhan, but also out in the wild, where deforestation and land use changes have been linked to outbreaks of new emerging diseases. (
  • Under contingency plan A, we will reduce the number of personnel in each LADDL section to ensure social (physical) distancing while maintaining uninterrupted testing services for diagnosing diseases of public or herd health importance, regulatory diseases, and foreign animal diseases. (
  • foreign animal diseases are those that are not found in the United States, so may be particularly threatening to our animals. (
  • The two major foreign animal diseases of pigs are foot and mouth (FMD) currently sweeping Britain and Hog Cholera (Classical Swine Fever). (
  • Affecting over a hundred million individuals worldwide, retinal diseases are among the leading causes of irreversible visual impairment and blindness, and appropriate study models, especially animal models, are essential to furthering our understanding of the etiology, pathology, and progression of these endemic diseases. (
  • The FAO Emergency Prevention System (EMPRES) Animal Health develops strategies for intervention and improved management. (
  • Whether animal vaccination is routine or not, prevention is key. (
  • Presenting detailed prevention and control strategies for zoonotic diseases, the book is an in-depth guide to practical information on the spread of disease between pet animals and humans. (
  • Transnational organised crime requires a coordinated transnational response and the key feature of the Bio-Crime project is its emphasis on transregional development of best practices and innovative solutions, in particular in the areas of disease prevention programmes for public officials and police, early education for children, crime prevention, cross-border responses and better access to public services. (
  • Bio-Crime organised a series of 18-day theoretical and practical training courses on animal disease risks and prevention and animal handling for more than 1 000 Italian and Austrian officials and police officers. (
  • To improve the management and biosecurity of poultry hatcheries and parent flocks, ultimately increasing productivity and profitability, and reducing the risk of disease occurrence and spread. (
  • Avian influenza is a viral disease that affects the respiratory and nervous systems of many kinds of poultry and birds. (
  • The plan provides for the testing for diseases such as Salmonella pullorum at poultry- producing facilities and to inspect these facilities for proper sanitation. (
  • By Eva Ohlsson and Boleslaw Stawicki A disease that was supposed to have been preventable by vaccine recently reemerged as a major killer of chicks in Kenya, seriously damaging the livelihoods of countless smallholder farmers and driving thousands of them out of the poultry business altogether. (
  • To identify candidate genes associated with disease resistance and economic traits through an analysis of signature of selection (SOS) between Asian and African lineage poultry. (
  • 4. Don't borrow chicken diseases from your neighbors: Do not share garden equipment or poultry supplies with your neighbors or other bird owners. (
  • The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) Science and Technology Directorate (S&T) funded two such programs, Texas A&M University's Bench to Shop program and Kansas State University's Transboundary Animal Disease Fellowship , to train the next generation of animal health experts. (
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  • Next time your kid asks to bring one home remember - these furry beasts are disease vectors of lymphocytic choriomeningitis, leptospirosis, yersiniosis and salmonellosis. (
  • Leptospirosis, known as Weil's disease in people, can cause extremely serious liver and kidney disease but the transmission from dogs to humans is rare. (
  • The Associated Press reported 74 cases of leptospirosis -a bacterial infection where the urine of infected animals enters a water supply-since Maria hit the island in September, while health care professionals report cases of dehydration and pink eye. (
  • Scientists, including climatologists and epidemiologists on Fair's team at Los Alamos, are beginning to model how changes to the climate will impact the spread of infectious diseases. (
  • The plan also proposes methods for collaborating with government agencies, and for communicating with affected companies and the public about emerging disease threats. (
  • Those bats, a common disease reservoir, then passed the Nipah virus through pigs to humans for the first time in the late 1990s. (
  • The long period of swine fever controls in East Anglia, as a direct consequence of the disease, about 50,000 pigs that normally would have been marketed were slaughtered on farms where swine fever was found. (