The symptom of paroxysmal pain consequent to MYOCARDIAL ISCHEMIA usually of distinctive character, location and radiation. It is thought to be provoked by a transient stressful situation during which the oxygen requirements of the MYOCARDIUM exceed that supplied by the CORONARY CIRCULATION.
Precordial pain at rest, which may precede a MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION.
A clinical syndrome characterized by the development of CHEST PAIN at rest with concomitant transient ST segment elevation in the ELECTROCARDIOGRAM, but with preserved exercise capacity.
Persistent and reproducible chest discomfort usually precipitated by a physical exertion that dissipates upon cessation of such an activity. The symptoms are manifestations of MYOCARDIAL ISCHEMIA.
ANGINA PECTORIS or angina-like chest pain with a normal coronary arteriogram and positive EXERCISE TEST. The cause of the syndrome is unknown. While its recognition is of clinical importance, its prognosis is excellent. (Braunwald, Heart Disease, 4th ed, p1346; Jablonski Dictionary of Syndromes & Eponymic Diseases, 2d ed). It is different from METABOLIC SYNDROME X, a syndrome characterized by INSULIN RESISTANCE and HYPERINSULINEMIA, that has increased risk for cardiovascular disease.
Severe cellulitis of the submaxillary space with secondary involvement of the sublingual and submental space. It usually results from infection in the lower molar area or from a penetrating injury to the mouth floor. (From Dorland, 27th ed)
Spasm of the large- or medium-sized coronary arteries.
Radiography of the vascular system of the heart muscle after injection of a contrast medium.
NECROSIS of the MYOCARDIUM caused by an obstruction of the blood supply to the heart (CORONARY CIRCULATION).
An ergot alkaloid (ERGOT ALKALOIDS) with uterine and VASCULAR SMOOTH MUSCLE contractile properties.
An imbalance between myocardial functional requirements and the capacity of the CORONARY VESSELS to supply sufficient blood flow. It is a form of MYOCARDIAL ISCHEMIA (insufficient blood supply to the heart muscle) caused by a decreased capacity of the coronary vessels.
Recording of the moment-to-moment electromotive forces of the HEART as projected onto various sites on the body's surface, delineated as a scalar function of time. The recording is monitored by a tracing on slow moving chart paper or by observing it on a cardioscope, which is a CATHODE RAY TUBE DISPLAY.
A disorder of cardiac function caused by insufficient blood flow to the muscle tissue of the heart. The decreased blood flow may be due to narrowing of the coronary arteries (CORONARY ARTERY DISEASE), to obstruction by a thrombus (CORONARY THROMBOSIS), or less commonly, to diffuse narrowing of arterioles and other small vessels within the heart. Severe interruption of the blood supply to the myocardial tissue may result in necrosis of cardiac muscle (MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION).
Controlled physical activity which is performed in order to allow assessment of physiological functions, particularly cardiovascular and pulmonary, but also aerobic capacity. Maximal (most intense) exercise is usually required but submaximal exercise is also used.
A volatile vasodilator which relieves ANGINA PECTORIS by stimulating GUANYLATE CYCLASE and lowering cytosolic calcium. It is also sometimes used for TOCOLYSIS and explosives.
Pathological processes of CORONARY ARTERIES that may derive from a congenital abnormality, atherosclerotic, or non-atherosclerotic cause.
A technique for assisting the circulation by decreasing the afterload of the left ventricle and augmenting the diastolic pressure. It may be achieved by intra-aortic balloon, or by implanting a special pumping device in the chest, or externally by applying a negative pressure to the lower extremities during cardiac systole.
A vasodilator used in the treatment of ANGINA PECTORIS. Its actions are similar to NITROGLYCERIN but with a slower onset of action.
Compounds based on N-phenylacetamide, that are similar in structure to 2-PHENYLACETAMIDES. They are precursors of many other compounds. They were formerly used as ANALGESICS and ANTIPYRETICS, but often caused lethal METHEMOGLOBINEMIA.
The veins and arteries of the HEART.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
Dilation of an occluded coronary artery (or arteries) by means of a balloon catheter to restore myocardial blood supply.
Pressure, burning, or numbness in the chest.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
Surgical therapy of ischemic coronary artery disease achieved by grafting a section of saphenous vein, internal mammary artery, or other substitute between the aorta and the obstructed coronary artery distal to the obstructive lesion.
The restoration of blood supply to the myocardium. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Percutaneous transluminal procedure for removing atheromatous plaque from the coronary arteries. Both directional (for removing focal atheromas) and rotational (for removing concentric atheromatous plaque) atherectomy devices have been used.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
Method in which prolonged electrocardiographic recordings are made on a portable tape recorder (Holter-type system) or solid-state device ("real-time" system), while the patient undergoes normal daily activities. It is useful in the diagnosis and management of intermittent cardiac arrhythmias and transient myocardial ischemia.
A method of studying a drug or procedure in which both the subjects and investigators are kept unaware of who is actually getting which specific treatment.
An episode of MYOCARDIAL ISCHEMIA that generally lasts longer than a transient anginal episode that ultimately may lead to MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION.
The return of a sign, symptom, or disease after a remission.
A prediction of the probable outcome of a disease based on a individual's condition and the usual course of the disease as seen in similar situations.
Agents that affect the rate or intensity of cardiac contraction, blood vessel diameter, or blood volume.
The circulation of blood through the CORONARY VESSELS of the HEART.
Drugs used to cause dilation of the blood vessels.
Measurable and quantifiable biological parameters (e.g., specific enzyme concentration, specific hormone concentration, specific gene phenotype distribution in a population, presence of biological substances) which serve as indices for health- and physiology-related assessments, such as disease risk, psychiatric disorders, environmental exposure and its effects, disease diagnosis, metabolic processes, substance abuse, pregnancy, cell line development, epidemiologic studies, etc.
Drugs that bind to but do not activate beta-adrenergic receptors thereby blocking the actions of beta-adrenergic agonists. Adrenergic beta-antagonists are used for treatment of hypertension, cardiac arrhythmias, angina pectoris, glaucoma, migraine headaches, and anxiety.
Coagulation of blood in any of the CORONARY VESSELS. The presence of a blood clot (THROMBUS) often leads to MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION.
Drugs or agents which antagonize or impair any mechanism leading to blood platelet aggregation, whether during the phases of activation and shape change or following the dense-granule release reaction and stimulation of the prostaglandin-thromboxane system.
A derivative of the NIACINAMIDE that is structurally combined with an organic nitrate. It is a potassium-channel opener that causes vasodilatation of arterioles and large coronary arteries. Its nitrate-like properties produce venous vasodilation through stimulation of guanylate cyclase.
A plasma protein that circulates in increased amounts during inflammation and after tissue damage.
Narrowing or constriction of a coronary artery.
In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.
One of the three polypeptide chains that make up the TROPONIN complex. It is a cardiac-specific protein that binds to TROPOMYOSIN. It is released from damaged or injured heart muscle cells (MYOCYTES, CARDIAC). Defects in the gene encoding troponin T result in FAMILIAL HYPERTROPHIC CARDIOMYOPATHY.
Procedures in which placement of CARDIAC CATHETERS is performed for therapeutic or diagnostic procedures.
A characteristic symptom complex.
Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
A potent vasodilator agent with calcium antagonistic action. It is a useful anti-anginal agent that also lowers blood pressure.
A class of drugs that act by selective inhibition of calcium influx through cellular membranes.
The prototypical analgesic used in the treatment of mild to moderate pain. It has anti-inflammatory and antipyretic properties and acts as an inhibitor of cyclooxygenase which results in the inhibition of the biosynthesis of prostaglandins. Aspirin also inhibits platelet aggregation and is used in the prevention of arterial and venous thrombosis. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p5)
The number of times the HEART VENTRICLES contract per unit of time, usually per minute.
Devices that provide support for tubular structures that are being anastomosed or for body cavities during skin grafting.
Expenditure of energy during PHYSICAL ACTIVITY. Intensity of exertion may be measured by rate of OXYGEN CONSUMPTION; HEAT produced, or HEART RATE. Perceived exertion, a psychological measure of exertion, is included.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
The exercise capacity of an individual as measured by endurance (maximal exercise duration and/or maximal attained work load) during an EXERCISE TEST.
Disease having a short and relatively severe course.
The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)
A drug used in the treatment of angina pectoris, heart failure, conduction defects, and myocardial infarction. It is a partial agonist at beta adrenergic receptors and acts as a coronary vasodilator and cardiotonic agent.
Two small peptide chains removed from the N-terminal segment of the alpha chains of fibrinogen by the action of thrombin during the blood coagulation process. Each peptide chain contains 18 amino acid residues. In vivo, fibrinopeptide A is used as a marker to determine the rate of conversion of fibrinogen to fibrin by thrombin.
The use of ultrasound to guide minimally invasive surgical procedures such as needle ASPIRATION BIOPSY; DRAINAGE; etc. Its widest application is intravascular ultrasound imaging but it is useful also in urology and intra-abdominal conditions.
Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.
A transferase that catalyzes formation of PHOSPHOCREATINE from ATP + CREATINE. The reaction stores ATP energy as phosphocreatine. Three cytoplasmic ISOENZYMES have been identified in human tissues: the MM type from SKELETAL MUSCLE, the MB type from myocardial tissue and the BB type from nervous tissue as well as a mitochondrial isoenzyme. Macro-creatine kinase refers to creatine kinase complexed with other serum proteins.
Maintenance of blood flow to an organ despite obstruction of a principal vessel. Blood flow is maintained through small vessels.
Use of HIRUDINS as an anticoagulant in the treatment of cardiological and hematological disorders.
A cardioselective beta-1 adrenergic blocker possessing properties and potency similar to PROPRANOLOL, but without a negative inotropic effect.
Therapy with two or more separate preparations given for a combined effect.
Radiography of the heart and great vessels after injection of a contrast medium.
A vasodilator used in angina of effort or ischemic heart disease.
PRESSURE of the BLOOD on the ARTERIES and other BLOOD VESSELS.
The use of photothermal effects of LASERS to coagulate, incise, vaporize, resect, dissect, or resurface tissue.
Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery performed on the interior of blood vessels.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
A phosphodiesterase inhibitor that blocks uptake and metabolism of adenosine by erythrocytes and vascular endothelial cells. Dipyridamole also potentiates the antiaggregating action of prostacyclin. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual, 1994, p752)
The hollow, muscular organ that maintains the circulation of the blood.
A selective adrenergic beta-1 blocking agent that is commonly used to treat ANGINA PECTORIS; HYPERTENSION; and CARDIAC ARRHYTHMIAS.
A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.
A distribution in which a variable is distributed like the sum of the squares of any given independent random variable, each of which has a normal distribution with mean of zero and variance of one. The chi-square test is a statistical test based on comparison of a test statistic to a chi-square distribution. The oldest of these tests are used to detect whether two or more population distributions differ from one another.
Inorganic or organic salts and esters of nitric acid. These compounds contain the NO3- radical.
The movement and the forces involved in the movement of the blood through the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM.
A highly acidic mucopolysaccharide formed of equal parts of sulfated D-glucosamine and D-glucuronic acid with sulfaminic bridges. The molecular weight ranges from six to twenty thousand. Heparin occurs in and is obtained from liver, lung, mast cells, etc., of vertebrates. Its function is unknown, but it is used to prevent blood clotting in vivo and vitro, in the form of many different salts.
A method of computed tomography that uses radionuclides which emit a single photon of a given energy. The camera is rotated 180 or 360 degrees around the patient to capture images at multiple positions along the arc. The computer is then used to reconstruct the transaxial, sagittal, and coronal images from the 3-dimensional distribution of radionuclides in the organ. The advantages of SPECT are that it can be used to observe biochemical and physiological processes as well as size and volume of the organ. The disadvantage is that, unlike positron-emission tomography where the positron-electron annihilation results in the emission of 2 photons at 180 degrees from each other, SPECT requires physical collimation to line up the photons, which results in the loss of many available photons and hence degrades the image.
A benzothiazepine derivative with vasodilating action due to its antagonism of the actions of CALCIUM ion on membrane functions.
Exposure of myocardial tissue to brief, repeated periods of vascular occlusion in order to render the myocardium resistant to the deleterious effects of ISCHEMIA or REPERFUSION. The period of pre-exposure and the number of times the tissue is exposed to ischemia and reperfusion vary, the average being 3 to 5 minutes.
Works about pre-planned studies of the safety, efficacy, or optimum dosage schedule (if appropriate) of one or more diagnostic, therapeutic, or prophylactic drugs, devices, or techniques selected according to predetermined criteria of eligibility and observed for predefined evidence of favorable and unfavorable effects. This concept includes clinical trials conducted both in the U.S. and in other countries.
Platelet membrane glycoprotein complex important for platelet adhesion and aggregation. It is an integrin complex containing INTEGRIN ALPHAIIB and INTEGRIN BETA3 which recognizes the arginine-glycine-aspartic acid (RGD) sequence present on several adhesive proteins. As such, it is a receptor for FIBRINOGEN; VON WILLEBRAND FACTOR; FIBRONECTIN; VITRONECTIN; and THROMBOSPONDINS. A deficiency of GPIIb-IIIa results in GLANZMANN THROMBASTHENIA.
The hospital unit in which patients with acute cardiac disorders receive intensive care.
Motion pictures of the passage of contrast medium through blood vessels.
The confinement of a patient in a hospital.
Lesions formed within the walls of ARTERIES.
The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.
A widely used non-cardioselective beta-adrenergic antagonist. Propranolol has been used for MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION; ARRHYTHMIA; ANGINA PECTORIS; HYPERTENSION; HYPERTHYROIDISM; MIGRAINE; PHEOCHROMOCYTOMA; and ANXIETY but adverse effects instigate replacement by newer drugs.
Unstable isotopes of thallium that decay or disintegrate emitting radiation. Tl atoms with atomic weights 198-202, 204, and 206-210 are thallium radioisotopes.
The relationship between the dose of an administered drug and the response of the organism to the drug.
Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.
A class of statistical procedures for estimating the survival function (function of time, starting with a population 100% well at a given time and providing the percentage of the population still well at later times). The survival analysis is then used for making inferences about the effects of treatments, prognostic factors, exposures, and other covariates on the function.
Statistical models used in survival analysis that assert that the effect of the study factors on the hazard rate in the study population is multiplicative and does not change over time.
Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.
A family of percutaneous techniques that are used to manage CORONARY OCCLUSION, including standard balloon angioplasty (PERCUTANEOUS TRANSLUMINAL CORONARY ANGIOPLASTY), the placement of intracoronary STENTS, and atheroablative technologies (e.g., ATHERECTOMY; ENDARTERECTOMY; THROMBECTOMY; PERCUTANEOUS TRANSLUMINAL LASER ANGIOPLASTY). PTCA was the dominant form of PCI, before the widespread use of stenting.
A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.
Agents that prevent clotting.
Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
The amount of BLOOD pumped out of the HEART per beat, not to be confused with cardiac output (volume/time). It is calculated as the difference between the end-diastolic volume and the end-systolic volume.
Examinations used to diagnose and treat heart conditions.
The chemical and physical integrity of a pharmaceutical product.
An involuntary contraction of a muscle or group of muscles. Spasms may involve SKELETAL MUSCLE or SMOOTH MUSCLE.
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
Ultrasonic recording of the size, motion, and composition of the heart and surrounding tissues. The standard approach is transthoracic.
Recurrent narrowing or constriction of a coronary artery following surgical procedures performed to alleviate a prior obstruction.
Low-molecular-weight fragment of heparin, having a 4-enopyranosuronate sodium structure at the non-reducing end of the chain. It is prepared by depolymerization of the benzylic ester of porcine mucosal heparin. Therapeutically, it is used as an antithrombotic agent. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)
The natural enzymatic dissolution of FIBRIN.
Pathological conditions involving the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM including the HEART; the BLOOD VESSELS; or the PERICARDIUM.
Studies comparing two or more treatments or interventions in which the subjects or patients, upon completion of the course of one treatment, are switched to another. In the case of two treatments, A and B, half the subjects are randomly allocated to receive these in the order A, B and half to receive them in the order B, A. A criticism of this design is that effects of the first treatment may carry over into the period when the second is given. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.
A calcium channel blocker that is a class IV anti-arrhythmia agent.
One of the minor protein components of skeletal muscle. Its function is to serve as the calcium-binding component in the troponin-tropomyosin B-actin-myosin complex by conferring calcium sensitivity to the cross-linked actin and myosin filaments.
The proportion of survivors in a group, e.g., of patients, studied and followed over a period, or the proportion of persons in a specified group alive at the beginning of a time interval who survive to the end of the interval. It is often studied using life table methods.
Any dummy medication or treatment. Although placebos originally were medicinal preparations having no specific pharmacological activity against a targeted condition, the concept has been extended to include treatments or procedures, especially those administered to control groups in clinical trials in order to provide baseline measurements for the experimental protocol.
Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.
Tear or break of an organ, vessel or other soft part of the body, occurring in the absence of external force.
Fibrinolysin or agents that convert plasminogen to FIBRINOLYSIN.
The muscle tissue of the HEART. It is composed of striated, involuntary muscle cells (MYOCYTES, CARDIAC) connected to form the contractile pump to generate blood flow.
Techniques for labeling a substance with a stable or radioactive isotope. It is not used for articles involving labeled substances unless the methods of labeling are substantively discussed. Tracers that may be labeled include chemical substances, cells, or microorganisms.
Use of infusions of FIBRINOLYTIC AGENTS to destroy or dissolve thrombi in blood vessels or bypass grafts.
Dosage forms of a drug that act over a period of time by controlled-release processes or technology.
The rate dynamics in chemical or physical systems.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.
A heparin fraction with a mean molecular weight of 4500 daltons. It is isolated from porcine mucosal heparin and used as an antithrombotic agent. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)
Any disturbances of the normal rhythmic beating of the heart or MYOCARDIAL CONTRACTION. Cardiac arrhythmias can be classified by the abnormalities in HEART RATE, disorders of electrical impulse generation, or impulse conduction.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
An isoenzyme of creatine kinase found in the CARDIAC MUSCLE.
One of the three polypeptide chains that make up the TROPONIN complex. It inhibits F-actin-myosin interactions.
Pathological conditions involving the HEART including its structural and functional abnormalities.
A beta-1 adrenergic antagonist that has been used in the emergency treatment of CARDIAC ARRYTHMIAS.
Pathologic processes that affect patients after a surgical procedure. They may or may not be related to the disease for which the surgery was done, and they may or may not be direct results of the surgery.
Bleeding or escape of blood from a vessel.
The probability that an event will occur. It encompasses a variety of measures of the probability of a generally unfavorable outcome.
The systems and processes involved in the establishment, support, management, and operation of registers, e.g., disease registers.
Compounds possessing both a hydroxyl (-OH) and an amino group (-NH2).
Single-chain polypeptides of about 65 amino acids (7 kDa) from LEECHES that have a neutral hydrophobic N terminus, an acidic hydrophilic C terminus, and a compact, hydrophobic core region. Recombinant hirudins lack tyr-63 sulfation and are referred to as 'desulfato-hirudins'. They form a stable non-covalent complex with ALPHA-THROMBIN, thereby abolishing its ability to cleave FIBRINOGEN.
Application of electric current to the spine for treatment of a variety of conditions involving innervation from the spinal cord.
The application of suitable drug dosage forms to the skin for either local or systemic effects.
A neurotransmitter found at neuromuscular junctions, autonomic ganglia, parasympathetic effector junctions, a subset of sympathetic effector junctions, and at many sites in the central nervous system.
The abrupt cessation of all vital bodily functions, manifested by the permanent loss of total cerebral, respiratory, and cardiovascular functions.
Studies to determine the advantages or disadvantages, practicability, or capability of accomplishing a projected plan, study, or project.
The long-term (minutes to hours) administration of a fluid into the vein through venipuncture, either by letting the fluid flow by gravity or by pumping it.
Plasma glycoprotein clotted by thrombin, composed of a dimer of three non-identical pairs of polypeptide chains (alpha, beta, gamma) held together by disulfide bonds. Fibrinogen clotting is a sol-gel change involving complex molecular arrangements: whereas fibrinogen is cleaved by thrombin to form polypeptides A and B, the proteolytic action of other enzymes yields different fibrinogen degradation products.
Unexpected rapid natural death due to cardiovascular collapse within one hour of initial symptoms. It is usually caused by the worsening of existing heart diseases. The sudden onset of symptoms, such as CHEST PAIN and CARDIAC ARRHYTHMIAS, particularly VENTRICULAR TACHYCARDIA, can lead to the loss of consciousness and cardiac arrest followed by biological death. (from Braunwald's Heart Disease: A Textbook of Cardiovascular Medicine, 7th ed., 2005)
A method in which either the observer(s) or the subject(s) is kept ignorant of the group to which the subjects are assigned.
A beta-adrenergic antagonist used in the treatment of hypertension, angina pectoris, arrhythmias, and anxiety.
A pulmonary ventilation rate faster than is metabolically necessary for the exchange of gases. It is the result of an increased frequency of breathing, an increased tidal volume, or a combination of both. It causes an excess intake of oxygen and the blowing off of carbon dioxide.

Potent anti-ischaemic effects of statins in chronic stable angina: incremental benefit beyond lipid lowering? (1/113)

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Multiple marker approach to risk stratification in patients with stable coronary artery disease. (2/113)

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In vivo critical fibrous cap thickness for rupture-prone coronary plaques assessed by optical coherence tomography. (3/113)

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Are we using cardiovascular medications and coronary angiography appropriately in men and women with chest pain? (4/113)

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A clinical prediction rule for the diagnosis of coronary artery disease: validation, updating, and extension. (5/113)

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Pravastatin therapy fails to suppress post-PCI inflammatory response measured by serum neopterin and CRP levels. (6/113)

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Acute and long term results of unprotected left main stenting using drug eluting stents. (7/113)

BACKGROUND: Most available data indicates that stenting for unprotected left main coronary artery disease (ULMCA) with drug-eluting stents (DES) is safe and effective. At present, surgery is considered the gold standard for optimal revascularization. The aim of this study was to evaluate the immediate and long term outcome of patients with ULMCA stenosis who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with DES implantation in a single center. METHODS: Coronary stents were implanted into ULMCA in 72 patients. Patients with a de novo >/= 50% diameter stenosis, or +info)

In vitro and in vivo evidence for the role of elastase shedding of CD163 in human atherothrombosis. (8/113)

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Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of A preliminary report on the effect of gabapentin pretreatment on periprocedural pain during in-office posterior nasal nerve cryoablation. Together they form a unique fingerprint. ...
[114 Pages Report] Check for Discount on Stable Angina Global Clinical Trials Review, H2, 2016 report by GlobalData. Stable Angina Global Clinical Trials Review, H2, 2016 Summary GlobalData...
{ consumer: Have angioplasty for stable angina, along with taking medicines and making healthy lifestyle changes. Take medicines and make lifestyle changes to treat stable angina. This is called medical therapy. This decision aid is for people who have coronary artery disease and stable angina. This means that your angina..., clinical: Have angioplasty for stable angina, along with taking medicines and making healthy lifestyle changes. Take medicines and make lifestyle changes to treat stable angina. This is called medical therapy. This decision aid is for people who have coronary artery disease and stable angina. This means that your angina... } Solano County, California
TY - JOUR. T1 - CT attenuation features of individual calcified coronary plaque. T2 - differences among asymptomatic, stable angina pectoris, and acute coronary syndrome groups. AU - Huang, Yi-Luan. AU - Lin, Huey-Shyan. AU - Wu, Carol C. AU - Wu, Fu-Zong. AU - Yeh, Chinson. AU - Chiou, Kuan-Ran. AU - Mar, Guang-Yuan. AU - Wu, Ming-Ting. PY - 2015. Y1 - 2015. N2 - BACKGROUND: Coronary artery calcium (CAC) assessed by non-contrast cardiac CT has been shown to be an independent factor from the Framingham risk factors in predicting cardiovascular events. However, many patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) have low CAC score. A recent study that re-analyzed the previous CAC CT scan of MESA cohort showed that in subjects with global lower density, CAC was associated with higher risk of ACS. We aimed to further evaluate the characteristics of CAC attenuation features in ACS subjects, in comparison to asymptomatic and stable angina pectoris (SAP) groups.METHODS: In a period of 18 months, 524 ...
The goal of the treatment of chronic stable angina is to reduce the symptoms, delay the progression of atherosclerosis, and prevent cardiovascular events. In order to achieve these goals, lifestyle modifications and medical therapy are the first line treatment. Revascularization is done to increase survival in specific conditions where the stenosis of the coronary arteries is anatomically and functionally significant and the symptoms are refractory to medical therapy. There are currently two well-established revascularization approaches for the treatment of chronic stable angina caused by coronary atherosclerosis: CABG and PCI. Since the introduction of coronary artery bypass surgery in 1967 and percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) in 1977, research has supported the effective usage of both strategies for treatment of patients with chronic stable angina. However, as with any treatment method, both methodologies have weaknesses. The choice between PCI and CABG is based upon ...
Have angioplasty for stable angina, along with taking medicines and making healthy lifestyle changes. Take medicines and make lifestyle changes to treat stable angina. This is called medical therapy. This decision aid is for people who have coronary artery disease and stable angina. This means that your angina...
Have angioplasty for stable angina, along with taking medicines and making healthy lifestyle changes. Take medicines and make lifestyle changes to treat stable angina. This is called medical therapy. This decision aid is for people who have coronary artery disease and stable angina. This means that your angina...
Have angioplasty for stable angina, along with taking medicines and making healthy lifestyle changes. Take medicines and make lifestyle changes to treat stable angina. This is called medical therapy. This decision aid is for people who have coronary artery disease and stable angina. This means that your angina...
[82 Pages Report] Check for Discount on Chronic Stable Angina Global Clinical Trials Review, H1, 2016 report by GlobalData. Chronic Stable Angina Global Clinical Trials Review, H1, 2016 Summary...
Coronary and aortic calcifications inter-relationship in stable angina pectoris: A Coronary Disease Trial Investigating Outcome with Nifedipine GITS (ACTION)--Israeli spiral computed tomography substudy.
To address the aims a proof-of-concept study will be conducted to ascertain whether a dietary nitrate approach might prove useful adjunctive therapy improving vascular function in patients with stable angina post elective angioplasty.. Design: A prospective randomised, single-centre, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Setting: Patients with stable angina and single/multiple coronary artery stenosis undergoing elective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) who are haemodynamically stable (systolic BP,100 mmHg). These patients will be recruited at The Barts Health Heart Centre, based at St. Bartholomews Hospital. This is one of the biggest centres in the United Kingdom, serving a population of almost two million people from The City of London and The North East up to the M25 and is a 24/7 centre performing approximately 2000 non-primary angioplasties a year.. The study will take place in the Clinical Trials Unit, William Harvey Heart Centre.. Target population: A total of 246 patients ...
Stable angina is the most common form of angina and typically occurs with exertion and goes away with rest. If chest discomfort is a new symptom for you, its important to see your doctor to find out whats causing your chest pain and to get proper treatment. If your stable angina gets worse or changes, seek medical attention immediately ...
The effects of acetylcholine administration on coronary stenoses in relation to serum lipids level were evaluated in 18 patients (15 men, 3 women) with coronary artery disease and stable angina. Intracoronary acetylcholine was infused in concentrations 10(-7), 10(-6), 10(-5) M, followed by intracoro …
Learn Dyslipidemia, HTN, chronic stable angina, heart failure, stroke, GERD facts using a simple interactive process (flashcard, matching, or multiple choice). Finally a format that helps you memorize and understand. Browse or search in thousands of pages or create your own page using a simple wizard. No signup required!
Chapter 123: Chronic Stable Angina answers are found in the Harrisons Manual of Medicine powered by Unbound Medicine. Available for iPhone, iPad, Android, and Web.
Background: Toll like receptors (TLRs) are well recognized players in inflammatory conditions. Among them TLR-4 is involved in chronic inflammatory processes such as formation of atherosclerotic plaques. Objective: The present study was aimed to examine the effects of percutanoeus coronary intervention (PCI) as a revascularization method on monocyte expression of hTLR-4 and on the serum levels of two proinflammatory cytokines (TNF-α and IL-1β). Methods: Blood samples were obtained from 41 patients with stable angina who were candidates for PCI. The samples were collected immediately before and 2h and 4h after PCI. The expression of hTLR-4 on CD14+ monocytes and the serum levels of TNF-α and IL-1β were measured using flowcytometry and ELISA techniques, respectively. Results: By comparing the frequency of circulating hTLR-4+/CD14+ monocytes at different time points, it was observed that PCI procedure up regulates the monocyte expression of hTLR-4 (p|0.05). The increase in expression was associated
Mortality rates for cardiovascular disease are higher in women than in men, but studies of women have been conducted less frequently. Current pharmacological and nonpharmacological treatment options for women with stable angina are reviewed.
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details ...
Ces transformations résultent de lindustrialisation et de lutilisation de végétaux et danimaux non sauvages profondément transformés pour en faire des produits alimentaires. Un grand nombre de ces produits ne sont adaptés ni à notre physiologie ni à notre génomique et produisent des pathologies chroniques même sils permettent un apport calorique stable voire excessif pour les pays industrialisés et émergents. Toute la problématique est là. Analyser comment ces transformations bouleversent nos régulations cérébrales et générales et entraînent lobésité, le diabète, la majorité des cancers, lathérome et les démences chez certains dentre nous. ...
Worldwide, the leading cause of death is ischemic heart disease. Other than medical and surgical management, alternative therapy such as relaxing music has been identified as having an impact on reducing morbidity in ischemic heart disease. Although several studies have been conducted to find out the impact of music on pain, anxiety, heart rate and stress in myocardial ischaemia, literature on the long term impact of music on severity of symptoms associated with stable angina is very sparse. Therefore, the whole purpose of this study was to determine the long term effects of Indian music on severity of symptoms in patients with stable angina. Methodology: A single blind randomized clinical trial was conducted on 60 patients of 45 to 65 years of age with stable angina. Intervention group (n = 30) listened to a music based on Indian classical system at home twice a day complementary to their regular treatment for a period of one month. Control group (n = 30) was only on their usual treatment. Both groups
IntroductionThe anti-anginal efficacy of ivabradine is well established. We describe a post hoc analysis in the ADDITIONS database to investigate effectiveness and tolerability of ivabradine in combination with beta-blocker in patients with angina who have had a percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).MethodsADDITIONS was a non-interventional, multicenter prospective study including 2,330 patients with stable angina. In addition to beta-blocker, patients were treated with ivabradine in approved dosages for 4 months. We divided the population according to whether they had previously had a PCI or not, and explored the effect of ivabradine on heart rate, number of weekly angina attacks, frequency of nitrate consumption, as well as quality of life (QoL) and tolerability.ResultsData were available for 2,319 patients, of whom 51.4% had previously had a PCI. There was no difference in the effect of ivabradine on mean heart rate between patients with a previous PCI [64.4 ± 7.6 beats per minute (bpm)] than
The global angina pectoris drugs market is expected to be valued at USD 10.6 Billion by 2022, as per a new report by Grand View Research, Inc. The global angina pectoris market is collectively driven by demand for disease-modifying and targeted treatments, increased expenditure on healthcare and availability of effective treatment methods across the emerging markets.. (Logo: http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20160524/371361LOGO ) Additionally, the rising prevalence and incidence of angina pectoris is anticipated to fuel the market growth. Chronic stable angina pectoris has a prevalence of 2.0-4.0% in developed markets such as the U.S., the U.K., Germany, France, Italy, Spain and Japan. The prevalence of angina pectoris rises sharply with age in both genders, ranging from 2.0- 5.0% in men aged 45-54 to 10.0-20.0% in men aged 65-74, and from 0.1-1.0% in women aged 45-54 to 10.0-15.0% in women aged 65-74. The disease symptoms can be managed by following a healthy lifestyle.. Browse full research ...
Chronic Stable Angina - Cardiovascular Medicine - ACP medicine - Developed to help busy physicians keep up with changing guidelines in primary care
Angina is the medical term used to describe the sharp, crushing pain that one experiences when there is a limited supply of blood to the heart causing the latter to be deprived of much needed oxygen. In most cases, the angina can be felt in the chest and can radiate towards the limbs. Most medical professionals do not treat angina as a disease on its own. Instead, it is seen as a sign or a symptom of an even more serious heart condition such as Coronary Heart Disease, or what most people refer to as CHD. In a CHD, there is a build up of plaque along the walls of the arteries. This causes narrowing of the path where the oxygen-rich blood can pass through.. Although most people see angina as only one kind, there is actually four major types of angina that a person might suffer from. Of these four, it is the stable angina that is considered to be the most common. In a stable angina, the onset is pretty much predictable. For one, a stable angina typically takes place only after too much physical ...
|h2|Introduction|/h2| |p|Stable angina is the most common manifestation of coronary heart disease. While considered relatively benign in terms of progn ...
Background Coronary Heart Disease (CHD) is a disease caused by a state of imbalance between myocardial oxygen delivery and oxygen demand which is often caused by obstruction of coronary atherosclerotic disease is the underlying cause of the occurrence of CHD. Measuring the thickness of the tunica intima-media (IMT) in the common carotid artery (CCA) is considered a useful indicator of carotid atherosclerosis. Prospective study showed that the ACC is a predictor of CIMT measurements against cardio vascular events. Its debatable whether increased CIMT ACC associated with the severity of coronary artery stenosis proven by angiography examination. Objective : To determine whether increased CIMT ACC associated with the severity of coronary artery stenosis in patients with stable angina pectoris. Materials and Methods: Observational study with cross-sectional measurement methods. Subjects with stable angina pectoris, CIMT measurements right and left ACC and laboratory examination of blood and ...
Prior to my diagnosis of stable angina pectoris I suffered daily with what I thought was simply severe chest pain and heartburn. I went to my family doctor and he diagnosed me with stable angina. The tests showed that my heart was not receiving enough blood and oxygen to meet its needs. Once I started Vastarel my angina symptoms disappeared never to come back. It is amazing.. vastarel pills purchase online shop. buy generic vastarel shopping. purchase now vastarel shop canada. where to buy indian vastarel. online trizedon store. reload strip cardaptan 30mg exactly pills. mifepristone and vastarel online. generic vastarel manufacturers. best price screams carvidon radar generic. Providing our clients with the best possible services available online we aim the steady development of our business, and that is why we work hard to enlarge our audience by stimulating seasonal sales and special offers for our regular customers.. walgreens trial pharmacy trizedon 60mg medicine angina excellent ...
Angina is the clinical manifestation of myocardial ischemia and is most often due to coronary stenosis. The management of stable ischemic heart disease requires treatment aimed at both symptom relief and reduction of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality related to atherosclerosis. Risk-factor modification and medical therapy to prevent acute ischemic events and disease progression should be initiated after diagnosis. Patients with symptoms refractory to medical therapy, high-risk stress test results, or anatomic findings have an indication for coronary revascularization.
In primary-care practice, trimetazidine is frequently used in combination with other antianginal drugs to enhance antianginal efficacy because of its metab
Then I did some reading. New York Times? Are you kidding, Jed?. The study: Percutaneous coronary intervention in stable angina (ORBITA): a double-blind, randomised controlled trial. I have not read the full paper. Maybe I will, but the results are not surprising to me. Your usage of this paper is iffy, your comment actually assumes that the placebo effect works (for relief of pain).. I have stable angina. That indicates that angina is transient and disappears when exercise stops. I would not have a stent placed for relief from angina. There is a far more effective treatment, far less expensive, with fewer complications if done with care: exercise. The measure of pain relief in the study was increased exercise time. That is, when I exercise, if I get severe angina, I stop. If Im getting angina at all, even barely detectable, I dont increase the time or intensity.. What has happened over the year is that angina is rare, and exercise duration or intensity is gradually raised. Thats the ...
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An open, randomized, controlled, multicenter study to assess the change in time to onset of 1-mm-ST-segment depression produced by carvedilol (Dilatrend) versus metoprolol in patients with chronic stable angina pectoris ...
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A well-made dietary plan can help angina patients. Angina patients must strictly avoid caffeinated products, tobacco, alcohol, chocolate, butter and fried and processed foods
The use of beta-blockers in older adults with stable angina who underwent PCI did not reduce the adjusted mortality rate, MI, stroke or revascularization, according to retrospective, observational registry analysis.
Amchek At (5/50 mg) Tablet is used for mild to moderate hypertension, chronic stable angina etc. Know Amchek At (5/50 mg) Tablet uses, side-effects, composition, substitutes, drug interactions, precautions, dosage, warnings only on | Practo
Early identification of vulnerable plaques by remodeling index prior to rupture and development of acute event is of considerable importance especially by a reliable non-invasive method as CT coronary angiography (CTA), so we aim to evaluate coronary artery remodeling index in patients with low- to intermediate-risk stable angina by CTA. This single-center, cross-sectional, observational study included 150 patients with stable angina with normal resting ECG, negative markers, normal systolic function by 2D echocardiography (EF | 50%), and without regional wall motion abnormality at rest who were referred to MSCT evaluation of the coronary artery tree; the mean age was 56.8 ± 6.4 years, 83.3% had one-vessel disease, and 16.7% had two-vessel diseases. The mean remodeling index (RI) was 1.04 ± 0.28, 38% had significant positive remodeling, LAD was the most affected vessel (55.3), and proximal lesions were predominant in 48.5%; there was a statistically significant positive correlation between RI and
In this trial of patients with T2DM, established CAD, and stable angina, ranolazine was more effective than placebo in reducing the primary outcome of average weekly angina episodes, as well as average weekly sublingual nitroglycerin use. These results were consistent across the subgroups of baseline average weekly angina episodes, number of concomitant antianginal medications, age, and sex. The therapeutic benefit of ranolazine versus placebo was greater among patients enrolled outside of Russia, Ukraine, and Belarus, and among those with higher baseline HbA1c. In addition, ranolazine was safe and well tolerated in this patient population.. While patients with T2DM and CAD have more extensive disease (7,8) and worse outcomes (20,21) than those without DM, the data on whether they experience more angina are conflicting. Several older studies suggested that patients with DM have less angina than their non-DM counterparts due to an increased likelihood of silent ischemia related to diabetic ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Current perspectives therapeutic approach in patients with stable angina. AU - Lettino, Maddalena. AU - Falcone, Colomba. AU - Tavazzi, Luigi. PY - 2005/1. Y1 - 2005/1. N2 - Which therapeutic strategy among medical, interventional and surgical options should be preferred in patients with chronic stable ischemic heart disease is an important public health problem. The available scientific evidence does not help much to facilitate the choice among the three available strategies of medical treatment, percutaneous coronary intervention and coronary artery bypass grafting. In this area practice-based medicine overwhelms evidence-based medicine. However, existing findings are discussed. The present experience in diabetic patients is highlighted; in such patients surgery is generally recommended but the results obtained by percutaneous coronary intervention with the currently available tools are improving markedly. Pharmacological therapy is also improving, particularly in the ...
November 4, 2011-Miracor Medical Systems GmbH announced that data will be reported during next weeks Transcatheter Cardiovascular Therapeutics (TCT) 2011 scientific meeting in San Francisco. The data show that the PICSO (Pressure-controlled Intermittent Coronary Sinus Occlusion) system is safe and feasible during elective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) using a femoral vein approach.. The PICSO procedure was performed successfully on 10 patients by Prof. Jan Piek, M.D., and his group at the Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, Netherlands; the procedure was part of the Prepare PISCO study of stable angina patients. Based on these clinical results, Miracor will soon initiate the Prepare RAMSES study in acute coronary syndrome patients.. In spite of a successful primary PCI, suboptimal myocardial reperfusion occurs in approximately 30 percent of STEMI patients, and this occurrence is strongly correlated with unfavorable outcomes for patients, said Piek. Our study demonstrates that ...
Results 108 patients with unstable angina and 121 patients with stable angina pectoris were compared, we found patients with unstable angina platelet activating factor was significantly higher than those with stable angina before PCI (p,0.05). The levels of platelet-activating factor were significantly increased after PCI, 10 min to reach the peak, then back to normal at 30 min, both had the same trend. The levels of TXB2 in unstable angina group were clearly higher than those with stable angina before PCI, both significantly increased after PCI, 10 min to peak, 30 min down to preoperative levels; and 6-keto-PGF1a in both groups showed a transient ischaemic decline, 10 min to restore to the preoperative level after PCI.. ...
Methods One hundred and threestable angina pectoris inpatients were randomly divided into two groups, basic treatment group (n = 51) and cordycepssinensis treatment group (n = 52, corbrin capsule 3g, 3 times/d were used three days before angioplasty and three days after angioplasty). Serum creatinine (Scr) was assessed at the time of hospital admission and on days 1, 2, and 3 after angioplasty. The values of urine kidney injury molecule-1 (KIM-1), neutrophil-gelatinase-associate-lipocalin (NGAL) andinterleukin-18 (IL-18) were detected before angioplasty and one day after angioplasty in patients of two groups. Then contrast the incidence of CIN between two groups.. ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Noninvasive strategies for the estimation of cardiac risk in stable chest pain patients. AU - Shaw, Leslee J.. AU - Hachamovitch, Rory. AU - Heller, Gary V.. AU - Marwick, Thomas H.. AU - Travin, Mark I.. AU - Iskandrian, Ami E.. AU - Kesler, Karen. AU - Lauer, Michael S.. AU - Hendel, Robert. AU - Borges-Neto, Salvador. AU - Lewin, Howard C.. AU - Berman, Daniel S.. AU - Miller, Donald D. PY - 2000/7/1. Y1 - 2000/7/1. N2 - Effective allocation of medical resources in stable chest pain patients requires the accurate diagnosis of coronary artery disease and the stratification of future cardiac risk. We studied the relative predictive value for cardiac death of 3 commonly applied noninvasive strategies, clinical assessment, stress electrocardiography, and myocardial perfusion tomography, in a large, multicenter population of stable angina patients. The multicenter observational series comprised 7 community and academic medical centers and 8,411 stable chest pain patients. All ...
Have angioplasty for stable angina, along with taking medicines and making healthy lifestyle changes. Take medicines and make lifestyle changes to treat stable angina. This is called medical therapy. This decision aid is for people who have coronary artery disease and stable angina. This means that your angina...
There are three types of angina - stable, unstable and prinzmetals. Stable angina is the most common and symptoms usually last for a few minutes before they subside, often with the help of nitroglycerine tablets.. With unstable angina the symptoms can be more severe and not so predictable. The attacks often last much longer and can occur even at times of rest. An unstable attack can be a precursor to a heart attack and thus it is taken more seriously than stable angina. Medical attention should be sought immediately at the first sign of unstable angina.. Prinzmetals, is defined as angina that occurs when the patient is at rest, rather than the result of physical exercise. Dr James Pierce Ph.D., relates that hes identified the cause of this angina. He says that it generally occurs at certain times of the day, in the early morning and late afternoon.(1) These are, as it happens, the times of day when Mg is at its lowest ebb in the body.. Dr Pierce estimates that some 50% of sudden heart attacks ...
In patients with stable CHD 1 year treatment with aspirin 160 mg daily and clopidogrel 75 mg daily induced similar reduction in the levels of TNFα and MCP-1, possibly by different mechanisms. In patients with acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction treated with PCI a marked short term increase in circulating levels of IL-6 and CRP as well as of IL-10 compared to similarly treated patients with stable angina pectoris appeared. The PCI procedure per se also induced an increase in IL-6 levels in patients with stable angina pectoris. The myocardial infarction induced a systemic inflammatory reaction that overwhelmed the inflammatory response induced by the PCI procedure. No effects on global left ventricular function after 6 months were obtained in patients with AMI treated with intracoronary injection of autologous mBMC 6 days after acute PCI. A short-term pro-inflammatory response that may be unfavourable, and a slightly reduced inflammatory response after 3 months that may be ...
The negative association between plasma glycine and LDL cholesterol in the current study was probably veiled by the intake of statins, since a greater proportion of patients in lower plasma glycine quartiles were prescribed statins. Accordingly, we observed a significant inverse trend between plasma glycine and LDL cholesterol after adjusting for statins, in line with the inverse association with apoB, but positive relationships with apoA‐1and high‐density lipoprotein cholesterol. This suggests an important role of glycine in lipid metabolism.. Indeed, considerable evidence suggests that glycine availability may be important in lipid metabolism and atherosclerosis. First, glycine can be methylated into sarcosine via GNMT, which is mainly confined to the liver and kidney29-30; however, rodent studies have shown that the GNMT is also localized to aortic endothelial cells.12 Impaired GNMT flux was shown to exacerbate lipid accumulation in both the liver and in macrophages, which can further ...
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Age (per 10 years over 60 years); Ejection fraction (per 5% over 60%); Smoking: never; Smoking: ex-smoker; Smoking: current; White blood cells (per 10^9/l over 5); Diabetes: no diabetes; Diabetes: non-ID diabetes; Diabetes: ID diabetes; Glucose, no diabetes; Glucose, non-ID diabetes; Creatinine (mg/dl); Previous stroke; Angina attack >=1/week; Previous angiography: never done; Previous angiography: 0-2 vessel disease; Previous angiography: >=3 vessel disease; No lipid lowering therapy; QT interval (12 lead ECG) >=430 msec; Systolic blood pressure >=155 mm Hg; Number of drugs for angina: 0; Number of drugs for angina: 1; Number of drugs for angina: 2; Number of drugs for angina: 3; Previous MI; ...
It has long been recognized that coronary artery disease comprises a wide spectrum of conditions, ranging from chronic stable angina to acute myocardial infarction. Unstable angina, in the middle of this spectrum is a heterogeneous syndrome with widely variable symptoms and prognosis. In 1989, a classification of unstable angina was introduced1 ; this classification is based on the clinical history (accelerated exertional angina or rest pain, the timing of the latter in respect to presentation, and the clinical circumstances in which unstable angina developed), on the presence or absence of ECG changes, and on the intensity of anti-ischemic therapy.. Although the development of this classification was based on clinical experience, it has been validated in a number of prospective studies. For example, Calvin et al2 studied 393 patients with unstable angina and reported that a history of a myocardial infarction within 14 days (class C) and ST-segment depression on the presenting ECG were both ...
The angina is the medical condition in which the person faces pain in the chest, and that pain may extend towards the left arm of the person. Angina also named angina pectoris is an initial level pain that lasts for quite some time. The main reason for such pain is the inadequate supply of the blood to the heart. It wont be wrong to say that ischemia causes angina. The ischemia is the condition of the short supply of the blood and angina comes out as the result of it. Many of the expert physicians term angina pectoris as the mini heart attack as it is often perceived as the alarm of the serious heart issues. In a maximum of the cases angina is nothing more than pain, means it doesnt lead to the death of the person. Angina indicates the heart trouble at the initial level when the person may undergo the ischemia. The inadequacy of the blood leads to the issues like angina pectoris, which are not much serious if treated at initial level properly. Mainly there are two types of angina, one is ...
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Cardimax 20 mg Tablet is used in combination with other drugs for the symptomatic treatment of stable angina pectoris, chest pain caused by decreased oxygen supply due to reduced blood flow to the heart. This medicine is used when patients do not respond adequately to other agents or are intolerant to first line anti-anginal agents. Buy Cardimax 20 mg Tablet Online. Know uses, side effects, dosage, contraindications, substitutes, benefit, interactions, purpose, drug interactions, precautions, warnings etc. Download Practo app & get your medicines home delivered.
The term angina pectoris refers to a feeling of pain or discomfort in the chest. Angina pectoris occurs when the heart muscle does not get enough blood and as a result, not enough oxygen, to function normally. Angina pectoris is usually caused by the hardening of the arteries. When plaques largely block the coronary
Angina pectoris, also known as Angina, a symptoms of Ischemic heart disease, is defined as a condition of chest pain caused by poor blood flow through the blood vessels due to obstruction or spasm of the coronary arteries resulting of lack of blood that lead to lack of oxygen supply and waste removal. Preventions A. …. ...
Angina pectoris, also known as Angina, a symptoms of Ischemic heart disease, is defined as a condition of chest pain caused by poor blood flow through the blood vessels due to obstruction or spasm of the coronary arteries resulting of lack of blood that lead to lack of oxygen supply and waste removal. Types of …. ...
Angina pectoris,Types as stable,unstable and even Microvascular,Signs and Symptoms,Risk factors,Diagnosis,Life Style Modification and Prinzmetal Angina
Angina pectoris - or simply angina - is chest pain or discomfort that keeps coming back. It happens when some part of your heart does not get enough blood and oxygen.
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Many sufferers of chest pain have asked what is angina and the symptoms of angina attack. People want answers to the question what is angina...
Angina is not a heart attack, but it does increase your risk of having a heart attack. Know the ways using which you can cope with Angina.
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I saw a cardiologist a few months ago. She said my symptoms didnt sound like angina because angina pain is usually the same each time it happens. Does anyone have any views on her comment about ang...
Read about angina (chest pain) and the reasons why you should not take this symptom lightly. Angina may be a precursor to a heart attack.
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Types include stable angina, unstable angina, myocardial infarction, and sudden cardiac death. A common symptom is chest pain ... angina and acute coronary syndrome. An X-ray of the chest and blood tests may be performed.[citation needed] In "stable" angina ... this phenomenon is termed stable angina and is associated with narrowing of the arteries of the heart. Angina also includes ... Chronic Stable Angina". The New England Journal of Medicine. 374 (12): 1167-76. doi:10.1056/NEJMcp1502240. PMID 27007960. Grove ...
Ciapponi A, Pizarro R, Harrison J (2017). Ciapponi A (ed.). "Trimetazidine for stable angina". Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 3 (3 ... Controlled studies in angina patients have shown that trimetazidine increases coronary flow reserve, thereby delaying the onset ... and antianginal effect at trough plasma concentration and safety of trimetazidine MR 35 mg in patients with stable angina ... Trimetazidine is usually prescribed as a long-term treatment of angina pectoris, and in some countries (including France) for ...
"AccessMedicine - Harrison's Internal Medicine: Stable Angina Pectoris". 27 September 2007. Archived from the original on 27 ... This (and other) pharmacological effect makes these drugs useful in the treatment of angina pectoris. Conversely, they can lead ...
Management of Patients With Chronic Stable Angina (PDF). ACC/AHA Pocket Guideline. March 2003. p. 49. Kwok, Jennifer M.F; ... treadmill angina index)] In which, the exercise duration is written in "minutes" and the ST changes in "millimetres". Angina ... index will be zero if no pain appears during the exercise, one if the pain is limited to the exercise period (typical angina), ... treadmill score and coronary flow reserve using transesophageal Doppler echocardiography in patients with microvascular angina ...
... the first clinical trial of Ranolazine in stable angina. He also developed TC-99m tetrofosmin (Myoview) for myocardial ...
Kloner RA, Hines ME, Geunes-Boyer S (November 2013). "Efficacy and safety of ranolazine in patients with chronic stable angina ... "The usefulness of ranolazine for the treatment of refractory chronic stable angina pectoris as determined from a systematic ... In April 2008 ranolazine was approved by the European EMEA for use in angina. Ranolazine is manufactured and sold as Ranexa by ... Ranolazine was approved by the FDA in January 2006, for the treatment of patients with chronic angina as a second-line ...
Unstable angina is chest pain that can occur at rest, feels more severe, and/or last longer than stable angina. It is caused by ... Stable angina is chest pain on exertion that improves with rest. ... Heart Cardiology Coronary artery disease Angina Unstable angina ... Therefore, any disorder or disease of the coronary arteries can have a serious impact on health, possibly leading to angina, a ...
... is indicated for: Stable angina (exercise-induced) - diltiazem increases coronary blood flow and decreases myocardial ... Variant angina - it is effective owing to its direct effects on coronary dilation. Unstable angina (preinfarction, crescendo ... Each of these effects results in reduced oxygen consumption by the heart, reducing angina, typically unstable angina, symptoms ... "Long-acting diltiazem HCl for the chronotherapeutic treatment of hypertension and chronic stable angina pectoris". Expert ...
The mechanisms by which amlodipine relieves angina are: Stable angina: amlodipine reduces the total peripheral resistance ( ... MedlinePlus Encyclopedia: Stable angina Mukete BN, Cassidy M, Ferdinand KC, Le Jemtel TH (August 2015). "Long-Term Anti- ... Amlodipine is used in the management of hypertension and coronary artery disease in people with either stable angina (where ... In unstable angina (excluding variant angina), amlodipine can cause a reflex increase in cardiac contractility (how hard the ...
"Effect of supplemental oral L-arginine on exercise capacity in patients with stable angina pectoris". Am J Cardiol. 80 (3): 331 ...
"Pharmacokinetics of epanolol after acute and chronic oral dosing in elderly patients with stable angina pectoris". British ...
Janicki K, Orski J, Kakol J (1995). "[Antiarrhythmic effects of prajmaline (Neo-Gilurythmal) in stable angina pectoris in light ... These include: coronary artery disease, angina, paroxysmal tachycardia and Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome. Prajmaline has been ...
... compared with atenolol in patients with chronic stable angina". Eur. Heart J. 26 (23): 2529-36. doi:10.1093/eurheartj/ehi586. ...
April 2009). "Enhanced external counterpulsation for the treatment of stable angina and heart failure: a systematic review and ... additional ECP devices have been cleared by the FDA for use in treating stable or unstable angina pectoris, acute myocardial ... Other reviews found tentative benefit in those with angina that does not improve with medications. For stroke due to lack of ... External counterpulsation therapy (ECP) is a procedure that may be performed on individuals with angina, heart failure, or ...
ISBN 1-57340-221-4. "Design and baseline results of the Scandinavian Simvastatin Survival Study of patients with stable angina ... that is people who had previously had a heart attack or angina. The study was sponsored by the pharmaceutical company Merck and ... drug called simvastatin on mortality and morbidity in people with a history of a previous heart attack or angina, who also had ...
It may be as effective as the beta blocker atenolol and comparable with amlodipine in the management of chronic stable angina. ... It is used for the symptomatic treatment of chronic stable angina pectoris in patients with normal sinus rhythm who cannot take ... Ivabradine, sold under the brand name Procoralan among others, is a medication used for the symptomatic management of stable ... The BEAUTIFUL study randomised over 10917 patients having stable coronary artery disease and left ventricle dysfunction ( ...
Acute coronary syndrome Stable or unstable angina Myocardial infarction ("heart attack"): People usually complained of a ... Prinzmetal's angina: Chest pain is caused by coronary vasospasm. More common in women younger than 50 years. Person usually ... Pain due to insufficient blood flow to the heart is also called angina pectoris. Those with diabetes or the elderly may have ...
2004). "Effect of long-acting nifedipine on mortality and cardiovascular morbidity in patients with stable angina requiring ... nifedipine in chronic angina), and SENIORS (management of heart failure in the elderly). He published widely, with 557 items on ...
It was diagnosed as variant angina and he was saved by the availability of an automated external defibrillator. Glossary of ... mandatory ECG checks for all wrestlers and required installation of automated external defibrillators at every stable. On 4 ...
Stable or Unstable angina, Transient ischemic attacks, Peripheral arterial disease of atherosclerotic origins, coronary or ... If arteries that supply your heart with blood are affected, a person might have angina (chest pain). Complete blockage of the ...
Stable angina results if the angina resolves with rest or nitroglycerin, but can progress to unstable angina which is a form of ... Angina pectoris literally means "chest pain" that refers to pain caused by ischemia of the heart. The main cause of angina is ... or unstable angina (38%). The first two are myocardial infarctions which are more commonly known as "heart attacks." Angina ... Chest pain is rarely a feature of heart failure, which would point a diagnosis more toward angina pectoris or myocardial ...
PCI for stable coronary disease has been shown to significantly relieve symptoms such as angina, or chest pain, thereby ... Coronary Angioplasty is indicated for coronary artery disease such as unstable angina, NSTEMI, STEMI and spontaneous coronary ... Exercise-based rehabilitation following percutaneous coronary intervention has shown improvement in recurrent angina, total ...
... are a new potent class of drugs used in treatment of stable angina pectoris and an addition in ...
... stable angina and other acute coronary syndromes. Coronary artery ectasia occurs 4 times more frequently in males than in ... The damage can result in angina which is pain in the chest and is a common complaint in these patients. Coronary artery ectasia ...
While at the Hammersmith Hospital, he also showed that there were differences among patients with chronic stable angina in the ... investigated the mechanisms of angina in patients with microvascular angina, and made fundamental contributions towards ... In Pisa he made the first clinical observations of angina as a primary complaint, not caused by excessive myocardial oxygen ... He also demonstrated the role of coronary artery spasm in variant angina. His proof, using double crossover studies, that ...
Stable angina[edit]. Main article: Angina pectoris. In "stable" angina, chest pain with typical features occurring at ... refers to a group of diseases which includes stable angina, unstable angina, myocardial infarction, and sudden cardiac death.[ ... Chronic Stable Angina". New England Journal of Medicine. 374 (12): 1167-76. doi:10.1056/NEJMcp1502240. PMID 27007960.. ... Chest pain that occurs regularly with activity, after eating, or at other predictable times is termed stable angina and is ...
... coronary artery disease and stable/unstable angina were highest in Central Europe compared with the other regions. Family ...
... for hypertension and chronic stable angina pectoris Thyrolar (liotrix) for hypothyroidism and pituitary TSH suppression Tudorza ...
... stable ischemic heart disease) (see Coronary artery disease § Stable angina) Segmental colitis associated with diverticulosis, ... Scad may refer to: Acronym "SCAD" Spontaneous coronary artery dissection Stable coronary artery disease ( ...
... clinical studies demonstrated consistent positive outcomes in patients with stable angina, unstable angina (UA), ... Bivalirudin is also indicated for the treatment of adult patients with unstable angina/non-ST segment elevation myocardial ... Bivalirudin is indicated for use as an anticoagulant in patients with unstable angina undergoing percutaneous transluminal ...
PETN has been replaced in many applications by RDX, which is thermally more stable and has a longer shelf life.[25] PETN can be ... PETN is also used as a vasodilator drug to treat certain heart conditions, such as for management of angina.[4][5] ... PETN is the least stable of the common military explosives, but can be stored without significant deterioration for longer than ...
Angina pectoris *Prinzmetal's angina. *Stable angina. *Acute coronary syndrome *Myocardial infarction. *Unstable angina ... The management of tachycardia depends on its type (wide complex versus narrow complex), whether or not the person is stable or ...
Angina pectoris *Prinzmetal's angina. *Stable angina. *Acute coronary syndrome *Myocardial infarction. *Unstable angina ...
Angina pectoris *Prinzmetal's angina. *Stable angina. *Acute coronary syndrome *Myocardial infarction. *Unstable angina ... Since most cases of AF are secondary to other medical problems, the presence of chest pain or angina, signs and symptoms of ...
It is stable in dry air, but gradually hydrolyses in contact with moisture to acetic and salicylic acids. In solution with ... unstable angina, ischemic stroke or transient ischemic attack.[137] 40 mg of aspirin a day is able to inhibit a large ... Morris T, Stables M, Hobbs A, de Souza P, Colville-Nash P, Warner T, Newson J, Bellingan G, Gilroy DW (August 2009). "Effects ... The form II is only stable at 100 K and reverts to form I at ambient temperature. In the (unambiguous) form I, two salicylic ...
Thea Morris, Melanie Stables, Adrian Hobbs, Patricia de Souza, Paul Colville-Nash, Tim Warner, Justine Newson, Geoffrey ... Protective Effects of Aspirin against Acute Myocardial Infarction and Death in Men with Unstable Angina. New England Journal of ... Aspirin Resistance in Patients with Stable Coronary Artery Disease with and without a History of Myocardial Infarction. Annals ...
In 1847, Ascanio Sobrero invented nitroglycerine to treat angina pectoris and it turned out to be a much more powerful ... and stable under a wide range of conditions; it could be melted to fill a container of any shape, and it was cheap to make. ...
Unstable angina)、心肌梗塞和猝死的疾病[17]。冠狀動脈疾病是最常見的心臟血管疾病[18]。常見的症狀包括胸痛或不適,有時會轉移到肩膀、手臂、背部、頸部或下顎[4]。有些人可能會有胸口灼熱的感覺[4]。通常症狀在運動或情緒壓力下出現,持續 ... Rezende, PC; Scudeler,
Angina pectoris *Prinzmetal's angina. *Stable angina. *Acute coronary syndrome *Myocardial infarction. *Unstable angina ...
Thadani, U. (2004). „Current medical management of chronic stable angina". Journal of cardiovascular pharmacology and ...
Angina pectoris *Prinzmetal's angina. *Stable angina. *Acute coronary syndrome *Myocardial infarction. *Unstable angina ...
Furthermore, many people with chronic liver disease are malnourished and require adequate protein to maintain a stable body ...
Thadani U. (2004). "Current medical management of chronic stable angina". Journal of cardiovascular pharmacology and ...
Angina pectoris *Prinzmetal's angina. *Stable angina. *Acute coronary syndrome *Myocardial infarction. *Unstable angina ...
Cleophas, Ton (1995). Beta-blockers in hypertension and angina pectoris: different compounds, different strategies. Kluwer ... Beta blockers are only indicated in cases of compensated, stable congestive heart failure; in cases of acute decompensated ... They may also be less effective than other beta blockers in the management of angina and tachyarrhythmia.[44] ... it revolutionized the medical management of angina pectoris[8] and is considered by many to be one of the most important ...
While the arrangement did not preclude other partnerships and treaties, it helped to provide a somewhat stable environment in ... Suffering from angina, a frail Foroughi was summoned to the Palace and appointed prime minister when Reza Shah feared the end ...
The treatment for stable VT is tailored to the specific person, with regard to how well the individual tolerates episodes of ... or recent angina, the wide complex tachycardia is much more likely to be ventricular tachycardia.[8] ... For those who are stable with a monomorphic waveform the medications procainamide or sotalol may be used and are better than ... deSouza, IS; Martindale, JL; Sinert, R (February 2015). "Antidysrhythmic drug therapy for the termination of stable, ...
It also makes it important to have stable synthetic analogs of PGI2 for clinical usage. The most potent of these receptor ... For example, the IP agonist iloprost is contraindicated in patients with unstable angina; decompensated cardiac failure (unless ...
... is used to treat high blood pressure and stable angina. It should not be used for people who are pregnant, have ...
Angina pectoris *Prinzmetal's angina. *Stable angina. *Acute coronary syndrome *Myocardial infarction. *Unstable angina ... I20) Angina pectoris *(I20.0) Unstable angina. *(I20.1) Angina pectoris with documented spasm *Prinzmetal's angina ...
Angina pectoris *Prinzmetal's angina. *Stable angina. *Acute coronary syndrome *Myocardial infarction. *Unstable angina ...
Angina pectoris *Prinzmetal's angina. *Stable angina. *Acute coronary syndrome *Myocardial infarction. *Unstable angina ...
... stable angina, unstable angina, myocardial infarction, and sudden cardiac death.[58] It is within the group of cardiovascular ... These relatively narrow vessels are commonly affected by atherosclerosis and can become blocked, causing angina or a heart ... In those with stable CAD it is unclear if PCI or CABG in addition to the other treatments improve life expectancy or decreases ... "Exercise as a therapeutic intervention in patients with stable ischemic heart disease: an underfilled prescription". The ...
Angina pectoris *Prinzmetal's angina. *Stable angina. *Acute coronary syndrome *Myocardial infarction. *Unstable angina ...
... angina, myocardial infarction), or known thrombophilia (e.g., protein C deficiency, protein S deficiency, antithrombin ... including patients with stable disease ,6 months) [13]. The only side effect reported was bleeding from a hyperplastic ...
a b Kemp, Helen og Meier-Augenstein, Wolfram (2013): Stable Isotope Profiling of Internet-Sourced Viagra ® and 'generic- Viagra ... at sildenafil ikke havde nogen positiv effekt i forhold til for højt blodtryk og angina pectoris. Til gengæld oplevede mandlige ... og sildenafil skulle oprindeligt anvendes imod højt blodtryk og angina pectoris (hjertekrampe). De efterfølgende år blev det ...
TxB2, a stable degradation product of TxA2, plays a role in acute hepatoxicity induced by acetaminophen.[5][6] ... It is believed that the vasoconstriction caused by thromboxanes plays a role in Prinzmetal's angina. Omega-3 fatty acids are ... unstable angina, ischemic stroke (caused by blood clot) or transient ischemic attacks (TIAs or "little strokes"), if not ... hospitalization for recurrent angina, second strokes, etc. (secondary prevention). Studies show aspirin also helps prevent ...
Angina pectoris *Prinzmetal's angina. *Stable angina. *Acute coronary syndrome *Myocardial infarction. *Unstable angina ...
Defining illnesses include a prior heart attack, stroke, stable or unstable angina, aortic aneurysm, or other arterial ischemic ... Prevention Trial of 1984 demonstrated cholesterol lowering could significantly reduce the risk of heart attacks and angina, ...
Check for Discount on Stable Angina Global Clinical Trials Review, H2, 2016 report by GlobalData. Stable Angina Global Clinical ... Stable Angina Global Clinical Trials Review, H2, 2016. Summary. GlobalDatas clinical trial report, "Stable Angina Global ... Stable Angina Therapeutics, Global, Clinical Trials In Progress by Top Countries, 2016* 8. Stable Angina Therapeutics Clinical ... Stable Angina Therapeutics Clinical Trials, Middle East and Africa, Top Five Countries, 2016* 12. Stable Angina Therapeutics ...
Angina is due to poor blood flow through the blood vessels in the heart. ... Stable angina is chest pain or discomfort that most often occurs with activity or emotional stress. ... Angina - stable; Angina - chronic; Angina pectoris; Chest pain - angina; CAD - angina; Coronary artery disease - angina; Heart ... Stable angina is chest pain or discomfort that most often occurs with activity or emotional stress. Angina is due to poor blood ...
Angina is a specific type of pain in the chest caused by inadequate blood flow through the blood vessels (coronary vessels) of ... Angina is a specific type of pain in the chest caused by inadequate blood flow through the blood vessels (coronary vessels) of ...
... causing stable angina. Here, learn more about the symptoms, as well as the difference between stable and unstable angina. ... Stable angina causes pain, squeezing, or tightness in the chest, usually when someone is stressed or doing physical activity. ... Stable angina vs. unstable angina. Pain from stable angina comes in episodes and typically lasts only a few minutes at a time, ... There are a few different causes of stable angina, and symptoms may vary. Stable angina is sometimes called angina pectoris. ...
Patients with chronic stable angina have an average annual mortality of 2-3%, only twice that of age matched controls, and this ... In patients with chronic stable angina, the factors influencing the choice of coronary revascularisation therapy (percutaneous ... Chronic stable angina: treatment options. BMJ 2003; 326 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.326.7400.1185 (Published 29 May 2003) ... Predictors include poor exercise capacity with easily inducible ischaemia or a poor haemodynamic response to exercise, angina ...
Stable angina, or angina pectoris, is the chest pain or discomfort that can result from the impaired blood flow through the ... Coronary artery disease and stable angina. Definition. Coronary artery disease is a pathological condition in which a coronary ...
... "stable angina," which allows a slower, more thoughtful approach. About 50% of CAD patients present with stable angina. This is ... Some patients eventually do go on to intervention, but a long trial of intense medical therapy for stable angina should almost ... Opinions vary, but most stable angina patients can and probably should be treated with medications alone. A combination of four ... Today, Ill write about what to do if you have ACS or its relative, stable angina. ...
The diagnosis of angina is largely based on symptoms, but a substantial minority of patients diagnosed with non-cardiac chest ... Performing stable angina pectoris: an ethnographic study Soc Sci Med. 2008 Apr;66(7):1497-508. doi: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2007.12 ... The diagnosis of angina is largely based on symptoms, but a substantial minority of patients diagnosed with "non-cardiac" chest ...
... Suzanne Albrecht, PharmD, MSLIS. Clinical Writer. Woodstock, ... Treatment strategies for chronic stable angina. Expert Opin Pharmacother. 2011;12:2833-2844. 3. Campeau L. Grading of angina ... CHRONIC STABLE ANGINA PECTORIS. Although experts cannot agree on a definition of SAP, the consensus is that symptoms should be ... Stable angina pectoris (SAP) is the most common manifestation of myocardial ischemia. Myocardial ischemia occurs when the ...
What is Stable Angina?. Posted on January 14, 2014. by MDadvice Stable angina is the most common form of angina and typically ... If your stable angina gets worse or changes, seek medical attention immediately.. Characteristics of stable angina:. -Develops ... ANGINA SYMPTOMS, Chest pain, common Angina, fullness or pain, indigestion, pain, pressure, squeezing, Stable angina, THAT SCARY ... Tag Archives: Stable angina. THAT SCARY ANGINA!. Posted on May 28, 2014. by MDadvice ...
... of Danhong Injection on the relief of angina with the use of the Seattle Angina Questionnaire among patients with stable angina ... Chronic Stable Angina. Intervention ICMJE *Drug: Danhong injection A kind of injection made from two kind of Chinese herbs: ... Danhong Injection in the Treatment of Chronic Stable Angina. The safety and scientific validity of this study is the ... Danhong Injection in the Treatment of Chronic Stable Angina. Official Title ICMJE A Randomized, Multi-center, Double-blind, ...
... of Danhong Injection on the relief of angina with the use of the Seattle Angina Questionnaire among patients with stable angina ... Chronic Stable Angina. Intervention ICMJE *Drug: Danhong injection A kind of injection made from two kind of Chinese herbs: ... Danhong Injection in the Treatment of Chronic Stable Angina. Official Title ICMJE A Randomized, Multi-center, Double-blind, ... Patients with clinical diagnosis of chronic stable angina and must meet one of the following conditions:1(Patients who have a ...
Chronic stable angina (CSA) is a significant problem in the United States that can negatively impact patient quality of life ( ... Evaluating Symptoms to Improve Quality of Life in Patients with Chronic Stable Angina. Jeffrey W. Young Jr and Sheila Melander ... QoL). An accurate assessment of the severity of a patients angina, the impact on their functional status, and their risk of ... as patients may continue to suffer from angina despite the availability of multiple therapies. Patient questionnaires and ...
People want answers to the question what is angina... ... Many sufferers of chest pain have asked what is angina and the ... stable or unstable angina. Whether you experience stable or unstable angina the overall symptoms are the same. Stable angina ... Unstable angina pain usually signals a possible heart attack. If you suspect stable or unstable angina it is best to have the ... Normally stable angina disappears when the person lies down and rests for a period of time. Unstable angina, however, is ...
... Giuliano Ohde Dalledone,1 ... L. A. Cesar, J. F. Ferreira, D. Armaganijan et al., "Guideline for stable coronary artery disease," Arquivos Brasileiros de ...
Chronic Stable Angina. Atypical Walk through Angina. Mixed Angina. Nocturnal Angina. Postprandial Angina. Cardiac Syndrome X. ... Stable angina must be differentiated from unstable angina and acute coronary syndromes. If the pattern of angina is stable, ... When it occurs chronically, this is referred to as stable angina. Walk Through Angina. Walk through angina is the appearance of ... 2006) Predicting prognosis in stable angina--results from the Euro heart survey of stable angina: prospective observational ...
Metabolomic Evaluation of the Consequences of Plasma Cystathionine Elevation in Adults with Stable Angina Pectoris.. DeRatt BN1 ... Metabolomic Evaluation of the Consequences of Plasma Cystathionine Elevation in Adults with Stable Angina Pectoris ... Metabolomic Evaluation of the Consequences of Plasma Cystathionine Elevation in Adults with Stable Angina Pectoris ... Metabolomic Evaluation of the Consequences of Plasma Cystathionine Elevation in Adults with Stable Angina Pectoris ...
Treatment of Stable Angina Pectoris with Trimetazidine Modified Release in Indian Primary-Care Practice. *Rajeev Gupta. 1. , ... Combination treatment in stable effort angina using trimetazidine and metoprolol: results of a randomized, double-blind, ... Gupta, R., Sawhney, J.P.S. & Narain, V.S. Treatment of Stable Angina Pectoris with Trimetazidine Modified Release in Indian ... Akhras F, Jackson G. Efficacy of nifedipine and isosorbide mononitrate in combination with atenolol in stable angina. Lancet ...
Stable Angina: Methods, Evidence and Guidance - free book at E-Books Directory. You can download the book or read it online. It ... Angina is pain or constricting discomfort that typically occurs in the front of the chest (but may radiate to the neck, ...
The following medical search headings (MeSH) will be used: stable angina pectoris, stable angina, angina pectoris, angina, ... Guidelines on the management of stable angina pectoris: executive summary: The Task Force on the Management of Stable Angina ... 2007 chronic angina focused update of the ACC/AHA 2002 guidelines for the management of patients with chronic stable angina: a ... Acupuncture in severe, stable angina pectoris: a randomized trial. Acta Med Scand 1986;220:307-13.doi:10.1111/j.0954-6820.1986. ...
Grade I Grade I stable angina develops upon strenuous, rapid, and/or prolonged exertion during work or recreation but is not ... The Canadian Cardiovascular Society Grading System for exertion-induced angina is used to gauge symptom severity. ... Grade II stable angina is characterized by a slight limitation of ordinary activity and is induced by the following:. * Walking ... Grade I stable angina develops upon strenuous, rapid, and/or prolonged exertion during work or recreation but is not induced by ...
Stable patients (pts, n = 55) with single vessel disease undergoing percutaneous co ... Stable patients (pts, n = 55) with single vessel disease undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) were randomized to ...
Angina Pectoris. Angina, Stable. Glucose Metabolism Disorders. Metabolic Diseases. Endocrine System Diseases. Heart Diseases. ... Type 2 Diabetes Evaluation of Ranolazine in Subjects With Chronic Stable Angina (TERISA). The safety and scientific validity of ... At least a 3-month history of chronic stable angina triggered by physical effort and relieved by rest and/or sublingual ... A Phase 4, Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Parallel Study of Ranolazine in Subjects With Chronic Stable Angina ...
Prevalence of clopidogrel non-responders among patients with stable angina pectoris scheduled for elective coronary stent ...
Angina pectoris continues to affect multitudes of people around the world. In this study the management of stable angina ... Microvascular Angina. ANGINA PECTORIS or angina-like chest pain with a normal coronary arteriogram and positive EXERCISE TEST. ... in patients with chronic stable angina pectoris in the United St.... Neurostimulation to Treat Refractory Angina Pectoris Pain ... More From BioPortfolio on "Efficacy and Safety of Ivabradine on Top of Atenolol in Stable Angina Pectoris". *Related Companies* ...
Performing stable angina pectoris: an ethnographic study. Soc Sci Med2008;66:1497-508. ... Gender differences in the management and clinical outcome of stable angina. Circulation2006;113:490-8. ... Objectives To determine whether coronary angiography for suspected stable angina pectoris is underused in older patients, women ... in patients with stable angina investigators rarely measure the effect on cardiac events or mortality of variation in ...
Sixty-two patients scheduled to undergo PCI for stable angina were randomized to intensive physical activity (n=33) consisting ... Physical training after percutaneous coronary intervention in patients with stable angina: effects on working capacity, ...
Stable angina is chest pain caused by a partial coronary artery blockage during stress or exercise. Reviewed by a board- ... Stable Angina Symptoms People with stable angina usually have no symptoms at all while they are at rest or during mild activity ... Stable angina is caused by a stable blockage in a coronary artery. Angina symptoms tend to occur after about the same amount of ... Stable angina is caused by a stable blockage in a coronary artery. The blockage is considered "stable" because it generally ...
METHODS: Data on the frequency of angina att ... pooled from 5 randomized trials in patients with stable angina ... Angina Pectoris / diagnosis, drug therapy*, epidemiology, therapy. Angioplasty, Transluminal, Percutaneous Coronary / methods. ... 7829785 - Development and evaluation of the seattle angina questionnaire: a new functional status.... 24972675 - Physiologic or ... METHODS: Data on the frequency of angina attacks, short-acting nitrate consumption, and heart rate were ...
Effect of an α2 agonist (mivazerol) on limiting myocardial ischaemia in stable angina ... Effect of an α2 agonist (mivazerol) on limiting myocardial ischaemia in stable angina ... Effect of an α2 agonist (mivazerol) on limiting myocardial ischaemia in stable angina ...
Current pharmacological and nonpharmacological treatment options for women with stable angina are reviewed. ... Guidelines on the management of stable angina pectoris: Executive summary. The Task Force on the Management of Stable Angina ... women with stable typical angina exhibit more symptoms and functional impairment.2,3 Stable angina is defined as retrosternal ... SD, Chronic Stable Angina Writing Committee. et al. 2007 chronic angina focused update of the ACC/AHA 2002 guidelines for the ...
  • Stable angina is less serious than unstable angina, but it can be very painful or uncomfortable. (medlineplus.gov)
  • People who have blood clots in their arteries may also be at risk of both stable and unstable angina. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • One, unstable angina, causes the least damage. (pasadenastarnews.com)
  • Any change in the quality, frequency, or duration of the pain or the precipitating factors suggests unstable angina, which requires immediate medical attention. (uspharmacist.com)
  • There are two common types of angina, stable or unstable angina . (nutralegacy.com)
  • Whether you experience stable or unstable angina the overall symptoms are the same. (nutralegacy.com)
  • Unstable angina, however, is unpredictable and the pain may occur even during times of rest. (nutralegacy.com)
  • Unstable angina pain usually signals a possible heart attack. (nutralegacy.com)
  • If you suspect stable or unstable angina it is best to have the symptoms checked by your doctor right away. (nutralegacy.com)
  • The angina medication can provide relief from the chest pain and eliminate the progression of a heart attack in the event of unstable angina. (nutralegacy.com)
  • Stable angina must be differentiated from unstable angina and acute coronary syndromes . (wikidoc.org)
  • Doctors talk about two different kinds of angina, stable and unstable angina. (verywellhealth.com)
  • Unstable angina is considered a medical emergency. (verywellhealth.com)
  • although not the topic of this review, unstable angina refers to an acute ischemic event and encompasses (1) new-onset cardiac chest pain, (2) angina at rest, (3) angina after a myocardial infarction, and (4) an accelerating pattern of previously stable angina. (jaoa.org)
  • The purpose of this trial is to determine whether bivalirudin is non-inferior to unfractionated heparin in patients with stable angina, unstable angina, or non-ST segment elevation myocardial infarction undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention. (clinicalconnection.com)
  • Undergoing PCI for stable angina, unstable angina, or non-ST segment elevation myocardial infarction. (clinicalconnection.com)
  • Percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty in unstable angina: comparison with stable angina. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty was performed in 25 patients with unstable angina and in a similar group of 25 patients with stable angina. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Technical success was achieved in 22 (81%) out of 27 attempts in those with unstable angina and in 14 (52%) out of 27 attempts in those with stable angina. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Role of percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty in the treatment of unstable angina. (semanticscholar.org)
  • The composite end point of death or hospitalization due to non-fatal myocardial infarction, repeated revascularization or unstable angina, was determined during one year of follow-up. (eurekamag.com)
  • Unstable angina does not follow a regular pattern and usually occurs during rest. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Unstable angina can indicate the risk of a heart attack . (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Angina may be of two types - stable angina and unstable angina. (news-medical.net)
  • Those with stable angina may go on to develop unstable angina. (news-medical.net)
  • These symptoms need to be evaluated immediately by a doctor who can determine whether you have stable angina, or unstable angina that may indicate a possible heart attack. (mayoclinic.org)
  • New or different symptoms may signal a more dangerous form of angina (unstable angina) or a heart attack. (mayoclinic.org)
  • The type of angina you have (stable or unstable) and the severity of it will guide your doctor or specialist in managing your condition. (mydr.com.au)
  • Unstable angina symptoms are like heart attack symptoms. (uwhealth.org)
  • They may also cause unstable angina. (uwhealth.org)
  • Unstable angina is less common. (emedicinehealth.com)
  • This may indicate a worsening of stable angina, but sometimes the first time a person has angina it is already unstable. (emedicinehealth.com)
  • Unstable angina -Is more unpredictable and/or severe. (stdavids.com)
  • Unstable angina may be a sign that you are about to have a heart attack . (stdavids.com)
  • The three clinical syndromes caused by ACS include unstable angina , ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) , and non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) . (verywellhealth.com)
  • Angina that changes in intensity, character or frequency is termed unstable. (wikipedia.org)
  • Unstable angina may precede myocardial infarction. (wikipedia.org)
  • The two main forms of angina are stable angina and unstable angina. (mainlinehealth.org)
  • With unstable angina, the pain occurs even with rest, and often signals that a heart attack is coming. (mainlinehealth.org)
  • Unstable angina can also be caused by severe anemia, especially when you already have narrowed arteries. (newsmax.com)
  • If left untreated, unstable angina will result in a heart attack. (newsmax.com)
  • Unstable angina, also known as crescendo angina, is a progressing form of angina that occurs with physical exertion and eventually even at rest. (healthhype.com)
  • Blood clots that partly or totally block an artery cause unstable angina. (onlymyhealth.com)
  • In addition to its use in stable angina, nitrates are also useful in other forms of angina namely vasospastic (Prinzemetal's) angina and unstable angina. (healthhype.com)
  • A person with stable angina may have episodes of pain that are brought on by physical exertion or stress . (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Stable angina is the most common form of angina and typically occurs with exertion and goes away with rest. (mdadvice.com)
  • Stable angina presents a predictable pain that comes on during over exertion or heightened stress. (nutralegacy.com)
  • Walk through angina is the appearance of anginal chest discomfort early in the course of exertion which subsequently subsides despite continued exertion. (wikidoc.org)
  • Angina is pain or constricting discomfort that typically occurs in the front of the chest (but may radiate to the neck, shoulders, jaw or arms) and is brought on by physical exertion or emotional stress. (e-booksdirectory.com)
  • Grade I stable angina develops upon strenuous, rapid, and/or prolonged exertion during work or recreation but is not induced by ordinary physical activity, such as walking and climbing stairs. (medscape.com)
  • Angina symptoms tend to occur after about the same amount of exertion or stress, in a generally predictable manner. (verywellhealth.com)
  • Angina typically occurs with exertion, and often in a way that is fairly reproducible and predictable. (verywellhealth.com)
  • Again, in a person with stable angina, these symptoms generally occur during periods of exertion or stress, and they tend to be reproducible. (verywellhealth.com)
  • 2 , 3 Stable angina is defined as retrosternal chest pain associated with exertion or stress and relieved by nitroglycerin or rest. (ptcommunity.com)
  • Angina attacks are brought on by exertion and relieved by rest. (answers.com)
  • Stable angina for example shows it's symptoms during physical exertion but doesn't last very long. (answers.com)
  • For most people, angina symptoms occur after short bursts of exertion. (emedicinehealth.com)
  • With stable angina, the most common form of this symptom, there is a regular pattern of pain with exertion, such as physical activity, and the pain comes and goes quickly, generally within five minutes. (mainlinehealth.org)
  • Stable angina is predictable chest discomfort that occurs during physical exertion or under mental or emotional stress. (heart.org)
  • Physical exertion is the most common trigger of stable angina. (onlymyhealth.com)
  • Outcomes of interest include the improvement of weekly angina attacks and reduction of nitroglycerin medication use after receiving acupuncture treatment, the incidence of cardiovascular events, heart rate variability, pain intensity measured on a visual analogue scale, total workload and exercise duration at peak exercise, safety and adverse events. (bmj.com)
  • Participants will document the number of angina episodes, number of sublingual nitroglycerin doses taken, and a dyspnea score (on a scale from 1 to 5) on a daily basis in a diary. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Participants will continue to document the number of angina episodes and number of sublingual nitroglycerin doses taken as well as a dyspnea score on a daily basis by the end of each day in their diary. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Participants with at least 85% adherence to documentation requirements (angina frequency and sublingual nitroglycerin use) over the last 21 days of the placebo run-in period will be randomized to the treatment period. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • You may still need medicine such as nitroglycerin when you have angina symptoms. (wellspan.org)
  • Stable angina refers to predictable chest pain during exertional activity that resolves with rest or sublingual administration of nitroglycerin. (jaoa.org)
  • If your symptoms do stop when you rest or take nitroglycerin, that's great news, but you may continue to feel anxious and afraid - especially the first time you have angina. (secondscount.org)
  • The secondary endpoints were changes in ST-segment depression during the treadmill test, angina symptoms during the treadmill test, number of angina attacks per week, number of sublingual nitroglycerin consumption per week, Canadian Cardiovascular Society angina functional class, and the Seattle Angina Questionnaire score at the 6-month follow-up. (ovid.com)
  • Doctors often prescribe nitrates, such as nitroglycerin, for angina. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Angina is often controlled by medication, most commonly with nitroglycerin. (answers.com)
  • Nitroglycerin is the classic treatment for angina. (answers.com)
  • Most people who have stable angina can control their symptoms by taking medicines as prescribed and nitroglycerin when needed. (uwhealth.org)
  • An episode of angina can be relieved by removing the stressor and/or taking sublingual (under the tongue) nitroglycerin . (emedicinehealth.com)
  • Nitroglycerin-Usually given during an attack of angina as a tablet that dissolves under the tongue or as a spray. (winchesterhospital.org)
  • There are several types of angina, the most common being stable angina (where the pain is brought on by an obvious trigger, such as exercising). (isrctn.com)
  • In this article, learn about the types of angina, which doctors classify, at least in part, according to their pattern of occurrence. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • What are different types of angina? (news-medical.net)
  • Less common types of angina are caused by coronary artery spasms. (uwhealth.org)
  • Symptoms of angina occur when blood supply to heart muscle is reduced. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Many sufferers of chest pain have asked what is angina and the symptoms of angina attack . (nutralegacy.com)
  • People want answers to the question what is angina, and if the symptoms they experience are that of indigestion or symptoms of angina attack . (nutralegacy.com)
  • Symptoms of angina attack include radiating pain in the arms, shoulders, neck, back and even jaw. (nutralegacy.com)
  • When experiencing symptoms of angina or an attack, careful rest is needed and if symptoms continue, see your doctor right away. (nutralegacy.com)
  • Symptoms of angina most often include chest pressure or pain, sometimes squeezing or "heavy" in character, often radiating to the jaw or left arm. (verywellhealth.com)
  • Early symptoms of angina are pain and discomfort although the circumstances differ depending on the kind of angina. (answers.com)
  • Pain and discomfort are the main symptoms of angina. (answers.com)
  • Therefore, a person develops symptoms of angina . (emedtv.com)
  • Symptoms of angina include chest pain or pressure, or a strange feeling in the chest. (uwhealth.org)
  • Other symptoms of angina include shortness of breath, nausea or vomiting, lightheadedness or sudden weakness, or a fast or irregular heartbeat. (uwhealth.org)
  • Since that time, clinical guidelines have urged cardiologists to use PCI in stable angina only to relieve symptoms of angina, and only in people who could not be treated effectively with medication. (verywellhealth.com)
  • The duration of these symptoms depends on the type of angina. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • This type of angina usually does not prove to be fatal but may be a prelude to a heart attack or a stroke and mandates medical attention. (news-medical.net)
  • This type of angina usually develops rapidly and the course is often unpredictable. (news-medical.net)
  • This type of angina is an emergency situation since the course of the angina is unpredictable and the heart function may rapidly deteriorate and this can increase the risk of stroke or a heart attack. (news-medical.net)
  • This type of angina is treated with medications and surgical techniques. (news-medical.net)
  • The severity, duration and type of angina can vary. (mayoclinic.org)
  • There's another type of angina, called variant angina or Prinzmetal's angina. (mayoclinic.org)
  • This type of angina is rarer. (mayoclinic.org)
  • Vasospastic angina , also called Prinzmetal's angina or variant angina, is one type of angina that is caused by coronary artery spasm. (uwhealth.org)
  • This type of angina is usually caused by a spasm of a heart vessel. (stdavids.com)
  • This type of angina is also called Prinzmetal's angina. (newsmax.com)
  • A number of things can trigger angina pain, depending on the type of angina you have. (onlymyhealth.com)
  • This type of angina may be a symptom of coronary microvascular disease (MVD). (onlymyhealth.com)
  • Ranolazine is approved for the treatment of chronic angina, and is not approved for the treatment of T2DM. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Current American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association guidelines to lower risk in patients with chronic angina are reviewed. (dovepress.com)
  • How Does EEP Treat Chronic Angina? (webmd.com)
  • Suffering from chronic angina? (onlymyhealth.com)
  • The Clinical Outcomes Utilizing Revascularization and Aggressive Drug Evaluation (COURAGE) trial showed that in patients with stable angina, optimal medical therapy alone and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with medical therapy were equal in preventing myocardial infarction and death. (dovepress.com)
  • For many patients, coronary artery bypass surgery offers the best opportunity for relieving angina, reducing the need for additional revascularization procedures and improving survival. (dovepress.com)
  • This study reports that beta-blocker use in patients >65 years of age with stable coronary artery disease undergoing elective PCI without prior history of MI or HF was associated with no difference in post-discharge mortality, revascularization, or rehospitalization due to MI or stroke at 30-day and 3-year follow-up. (acc.org)
  • Here we focus on the role of revascularization strategies [percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) vs coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG)] in the management of chronic stable angina. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • Coronary revascularization provides no clinical or quality of life benefit over optimal medical therapy alone in patients with advanced chronic kidney disease and stable ischemic heart disease, even if their ischemia is severe. (mdedge.com)
  • The major survival benefit of surgical revascularization compared with medical therapy is in "sicker" patients, as defined by the extent of coronary artery disease, the presence of left ventricular dysfunction and the severity of angina or ischemia. (aafp.org)
  • Clinical history remains the most useful basis for diagnosis and referral decisions to specialist services, the commonest indications being (1) new-onset angina, (2) exclusion of angina in high-risk individuals with atypical symptoms, (3) worsening angina in a patient with previously stable symptoms, (4) new or recurrent angina in a patient with history of myocardial infarction or coronary revascularization, (5) assessment of occupational fitness (e.g. airline pilots). (enetmd.com)
  • With current management strategies, patients with angina are living longer, but a few remain symptomatic with poor quality of life despite optimal medical treatment and having exhausted revascularization options. (enetmd.com)
  • Variant angina (also known as Prinzmetal's angina ). (emedtv.com)
  • Variant or Prinzmetal's angina -Caused by temporary spasm of coronary arteries. (stdavids.com)
  • There is also variant, or Prinzmetal's angina, a much more rare form caused by spasming in the coronary artery. (mainlinehealth.org)
  • The ischemia in some forms of angina (like Prinzmetal's angina) results from reduction in oxygen supply. (healthhype.com)
  • Angina attacks can occur at any time during the day. (medlineplus.gov)
  • This study will evaluate the effect of ranolazine compared to placebo on the average weekly angina frequency in subjects with chronic stable angina and coronary artery disease (CAD) who have a history of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), and whether ranolazine can reduce the frequency of angina (chest pain) attacks, compared to a placebo. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • All subpopulations experienced 51-70% reductions in the frequency of angina attacks, with similar reductions for the other parameters studied. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Heart rate (HR) during rest, the number of angina attacks, nitrate consumption, overall efficacy and tolerance according to the physicians judgement were evaluated. (ahajournals.org)
  • Overall a mean of 3.0 ± 4.6 angina attacks per week were reported and consumption of short-acting nitrates was 4.2 ± 5.1 units per week. (ahajournals.org)
  • The number of angina attacks was reduced by 73% and nitrate consumption by 74%, respectively. (ahajournals.org)
  • The results demonstrate the efficacy of ivabradine in reducing heart rate, number of angina attacks and nitrate consumption in octogenarian patients. (ahajournals.org)
  • Angina management aims to relieve the symptoms of an angina attack, reduce the number of angina attacks for the patient and also to prevent worsening of the condition by prevention of restricted blood supply to the heart as this could lead to a heart attack or a stroke. (news-medical.net)
  • If you have had angina attacks before and this attack is similar to those, rest for a few minutes. (emedicinehealth.com)
  • That PCI relieved angina in these people was obvious to all, and it was assumed that they would also have a reduced risk of subsequent heart attacks. (verywellhealth.com)
  • Controlled studies in angina patients have shown that trimetazidine increases coronary flow reserve, thereby delaying the onset of ischemia associated with exercise, limits rapid swings in blood pressure without any significant variations in heart rate, significantly decreases the frequency of angina attacks, and leads to a significant decrease in the use of nitrates. (wikipedia.org)
  • Amyl nitrate is another short-acting which may be used in acute angina attacks. (healthhype.com)
  • The long-acting nitrates are useful in long-term prevention of angina attacks. (healthhype.com)
  • Beta adrenergic blockers (like propranolol, atenolol etc) are effective in preventing recurrent attacks of angina and it is used for prophylaxis against angina. (healthhype.com)
  • There are no studies that showed stents were better than medications in reducing mortality or heart attacks in patients who have stable coronary artery disease," added Poornima. (mims.com)
  • The primary clinical measure of effect is the frequency of angina attacks between these groups for four weeks after randomization. (biomedcentral.com)
  • In this article, we will be talking about the more common form of angina - stable angina. (verywellhealth.com)
  • They are both well-studied and are effective means of treating at least some patients with this perplexing form of angina. (dovepress.com)
  • Stable angina is the most common form of angina. (mayoclinic.org)
  • The process related to this form of angina is well understood. (healthhype.com)
  • This is an uncommon form of angina that occurs in episodes without any clearly defined trigger factors. (healthhype.com)
  • This form of angina is less well understood when compared to stable angina. (healthhype.com)
  • Stable angina is chest pain or discomfort that most often occurs with activity or emotional stress. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Angina is relatively common but can be hard to distinguish from other types of chest pain, such as the pain or discomfort of indigestion. (mdadvice.com)
  • The chest pain and discomfort common with angina may be described as pressure, squeezing, fullness or pain in the center of your chest. (mdadvice.com)
  • Nocturnal angina is the occurrence of anginal discomfort either during the first hours of sleep or during the early morning hours. (wikidoc.org)
  • Grade IV stable angina is characterized by an inability to carry on any physical activity without discomfort. (medscape.com)
  • The most common symptom seen with angina is chest pain or chest discomfort, but angina can produce several other symptoms as well. (verywellhealth.com)
  • Enhanced External Counterpulsation (EECP ) - Generally EECP is used to treat angina in patients who continue to have chest pain or discomfort even after treatment with medication and angioplasty and stenting. (secondscount.org)
  • Because of fixed coronary artery disease, chronic stable angina is manifested as a pattern of predictable chest discomfort. (cancertherapyadvisor.com)
  • Angina is often described as "chest pressure", "discomfort", "tightness" or "heaviness. (cancertherapyadvisor.com)
  • Angina is chest pain or discomfort that occurs when the heart muscle is temporarily not getting enough oxygen-rich blood. (emedtv.com)
  • Angina is chest pain or discomfort caused by a lack of oxygen reaching the heart muscle, usually caused by narrowed or blocked coronary arteries. (mydr.com.au)
  • You should see a doctor if you experience chest discomfort or other symptoms associated with angina for the first time, or if you have known angina and your symptoms change. (mydr.com.au)
  • The discomfort of angina is temporary, meaning a few seconds or minutes, not lasting hours or all day. (emedicinehealth.com)
  • The discomfort may last longer and be more intense than that of stable angina. (stdavids.com)
  • Symptoms of stable angina are most often predictable. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Stable angina -Has a predictable pattern. (stdavids.com)
  • The pain in case of stable angina is predictable and the person may seek relief if his body comes to rest. (blogspot.com)
  • Angina can be described as a squeezing and compressing chest pain that occurs when there is tightness in the heart muscle. (nutralegacy.com)
  • When it occurs chronically, this is referred to as stable angina . (wikidoc.org)
  • The oxygen-starved muscle becomes ischemic, and angina occurs. (verywellhealth.com)
  • We know that angina occurs when oxygen demand outstrips the oxygen supply. (bjcardio.co.uk)
  • Receive medical attention if angina occurs unexpectedly, does not go away, or does not respond to rest or medication. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Stable angina occurs when the heart is working harder than usual - for instance, during exercise. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Angina occurs when the oxygen demand of your heart muscle exceeds that which is supplied by the coronary arteries (the blood vessels that supply your heart with oxygen). (mydr.com.au)
  • When angina occurs in patients without coronary artery disease it may be attributable to other ischaemic mechanisms such as severe anaemia resulting in inadequate oxygen delivery to the cardiac myocytes, or left ventricular hypertrophy secondary to hypertension or aortic stenosis resulting in increased oxygen demand. (enetmd.com)
  • Stable angina is when a person has brief episodes of pain, squeezing, pressure, or tightness in the chest. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Angina is typically described as squeezing, pressure, heaviness, tightness or pain in your chest. (mdadvice.com)
  • When arteries are blocked or narrowed, the heart does not receive enough blood to function properly, which can cause pain and tightness in the chest (angina), or even lead to a heart attack. (isrctn.com)
  • Angina is manifested as a dull, aching, tightness or heavy weight like feeling over the chest. (news-medical.net)
  • Methods and results: Consecutive patients, 3779 in total, with a clinical diagnosis of stable angina by a cardiologist were enrolled. (eur.nl)
  • Conclusions At an early stage after presentation with suspected angina, coronary angiography is underused in older people, women, south Asians, and people from deprived areas. (bmj.com)
  • Conclusions Sixteen-row MSCT coronary angiography permits reliable detection of significant obstructive coronary artery disease in patients with stable angina in sinus rhythm. (onlinejacc.org)
  • Patients with continuing moderate or severe stable angina despite optimal medical treatment should undergo coronary angiography, as should those identified as being at high risk on noninvasive testing. (enetmd.com)
  • Angina symptoms can be eliminated by prescribed medication. (nutralegacy.com)
  • The allowed concomitant antianginal medication(s) must be maintained at a stable dose throughout the study. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Microvascular angina, also less common, may last for longer periods of time and the pain is not always relieved by medication. (mainlinehealth.org)
  • If you have coronary heart disease, be sure to discuss your symptoms with your doctor, who may prescribe a combination of rest and medication to relieve your angina. (mainlinehealth.org)
  • Apart from the humanistic burden, chronic stable angina may incur great economic consequences for the payers health care systems [ 6 ] and society overall, as this condition leads to higher healthcare resource utilization, such as medication and hospitalizations, including in many occasions expensive vascular interventions and loss of productive time. (biomedcentral.com)
  • A 2007 study showed that stable angina could be controlled with oral medication and stents did not help with a longer lifespan or reduce the risk of disease. (mims.com)
  • Seattle Angina Questionnaire, a 19-item questionnaire that quantifies physical limitations due to angina, any recent change in the severity of angina, the frequency of angina, satisfaction with treatment, and quality of life. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • An accurate assessment of the severity of a patient's angina, the impact on their functional status, and their risk of cardiovascular complications is key to successful treatment of CSA. (hindawi.com)
  • This paper discusses the prevalence of CSA, its impact on QoL, and the tools that healthcare providers can use to assess the severity of their patients' angina and the impact on QoL. (hindawi.com)
  • CONCLUSIONS: The antianginal efficacy of ivabradine was consistent across all the subpopulations analyzed, independent of the severity of angina and the presence of a comorbidity. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Data from the registry at Duke University Medical Center, Durham, N.C., indicate that the "tempo" of angina, defined by the frequency, stability and severity of angina over time, is an important factor in predicting subsequent cardiac events (that is, nonfatal myocardial infarction and death). (aafp.org)
  • In most patients with angina caused by coronary artery disease, quality of life is impaired in direct proportion to the severity of symptoms. (enetmd.com)
  • Prinz-metal's) angina, resulting from epicardial coronary spasm. (ptcommunity.com)
  • Accounting for about 2 percent of angina cases, variant angina is caused by a spasm in a coronary artery, which causes the artery to narrow temporarily. (newsmax.com)
  • A spasm in a coronary artery causes variant angina. (onlymyhealth.com)
  • This means that the same amount of exercise or activity may cause your angina to occur. (medlineplus.gov)
  • not only do 10.2 million americans have this condition and approximately 500,000 new cases of angina occur each year, but ischemic heart disease is the leading cause of death in the united states. (jaoa.org)
  • Microvascular angina can occur with coronary microvascular disease (MVD). (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • A non-fatal heart attack or stroke may occur in 1 in 40 people with stable angina. (news-medical.net)
  • When the coronary arteries cannot supply enough oxygen-rich blood to the heart, angina symptoms can occur. (emedtv.com)
  • Angina symptoms are unpredictable and often occur at rest. (emedicinehealth.com)
  • Why does angina occur? (healthhype.com)
  • Angina can occur each time a clot blocks an artery. (onlymyhealth.com)
  • Variant angina may occur in people who have CHD and in those who don't. (onlymyhealth.com)
  • Nitrates provide temporary, rapid relief from angina, resulting in a vasodilatory effect on the epicardial coronary arteries. (ptcommunity.com)
  • We recommend that once the diagnosis of chronic stable angina is made, first every patient should be offered the optimal medical therapy, including ACE inhibitors, beta-blockers, statins, and nitrates. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • Nitrates prevent or reduce the intensity of angina by relaxing and widening the blood vessels. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • To evaluate the cost-effectiveness of trimetazidine (TMZ) as add-on therapy to standard-of-care (SoC) compared to SoC alone in patients with chronic stable angina who did not respond adequately to first line therapy with b-blockers, nitrates or calcium channel antagonists in Greece. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Nitrates are also useful in long term prophylaxis of angina. (healthhype.com)
  • This also contributes to the utility of nitrates in angina. (healthhype.com)
  • Various nitrates are available for clinical use in angina. (healthhype.com)
  • Nitrates for treatment of acute angina includes the short-acting nitrates like nitroglycerine and isosorbide dinitrate, both of which are given sublingually (placed below the tongue). (healthhype.com)
  • Stable angina is the initial manifestation of ischemic heart disease in approximately 50% of these patients. (wikidoc.org)
  • Multiple studies have demonstrated the beneficial effects of aspirin in both men and women with ischemic heart disease and stable angina. (ptcommunity.com)
  • 9 Beta blockers are particularly useful for reducing the number of daily ischemic episodes of angina that are precipitated by increased sympathetic activity. (ptcommunity.com)
  • What Is Angina (Ischemic Chest Pain)? (emedicinehealth.com)
  • The tachycardia can sometimes be dangerous in patients with high risk angina, that it may precipitate an ischemic event. (healthhype.com)
  • Which therapeutic strategy among medical, interventional and surgical options should be preferred in patients with chronic stable ischemic heart disease is an important public health problem. (elsevier.com)
  • Development of review criteria for assessing the quality of management of stable angina, adult asthma, and non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus in general practice. (bmj.com)
  • The diagnosis of angina is largely based on symptoms, but a substantial minority of patients diagnosed with "non-cardiac" chest pain go on to have a heart attack. (nih.gov)
  • The appropriately called syndrome X is a diagnosis of exclusion in patients with angina and unobstructed coronary arteries for which there is no clear cause despite full cardiac investigation: abnormal microvascular function is one proposed mechanism, but although symptoms are often resistant to treatment, prognosis is usually good in terms of life expectancy. (enetmd.com)
  • The diagnosis of angina is primarily clinical. (healthhype.com)
  • Coronary artery disease , also referred to as atherosclerosis of the coronary arteries, is the most common cause of angina. (wikidoc.org)
  • We conclude that there is a disturbance of the plasma fibrinolysis/proteolysis in patients with stable angina not related to the extent of atherosclerosis. (cun.es)
  • Angina is caused by arteriosclerosis or atherosclerosis that causes hardening and narrowing of the coronary arteries. (news-medical.net)
  • The heart not getting enough oxygen is the direct cause of stable angina. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Angina is significant because it indicates that the heart muscle is not getting enough oxygen, and the heart is therefore at risk. (verywellhealth.com)
  • in a patient with a stable hemoglobin level and oxygen saturation, the loss of compensatory dilatory autoregulation, vasoconstriction, or acute coronary artery thrombosis can reduce myocardial oxygen supply and thus induce angina. (jaoa.org)
  • Angina symptoms happen when your heart is working harder and needs more oxygen than can be delivered through the narrowed arteries. (uwhealth.org)
  • This angina happens when a coronary artery suddenly contracts (spasms), reducing oxygen-rich blood flow to the heart muscle. (uwhealth.org)
  • If your heart can't get enough oxygen, your symptoms of stable angina may get worse. (uwhealth.org)
  • Angina-the pain provoked by myocardial ischaemia-is usually caused by obstructive coronary artery disease that is sufficiently severe to restrict oxygen delivery to the cardiac myocytes. (enetmd.com)
  • This reduces the oxygen demand of the heart and produces the beneficial effects in angina. (healthhype.com)
  • Some people with angina symptoms describe angina as feeling like a vise is squeezing their chest or feeling like a heavy weight has been placed on their chest. (mdadvice.com)
  • However, many people with angina do not have these typical "chest pain" symptoms. (verywellhealth.com)
  • People with angina are at risk of having a heart attack. (answers.com)
  • Taking aspirin has been shown to reduce the risk of heart attack and death in people with angina when taken correctly. (mydr.com.au)
  • Some patients eventually do go on to intervention, but a long trial of intense medical therapy for stable angina should almost always be the first choice. (pasadenastarnews.com)
  • Studies of conventional therapy for stable angina have focused primarily on men, with fewer women enrolled in prospective clinical trials. (ptcommunity.com)
  • What is medical therapy for stable angina? (wellspan.org)
  • While it is difficult to document objectively, it appears that many cardiologists (despite what the guidelines say and despite the evidence from clinical trials), have continued to use stenting as first-line therapy for stable angina, and not as second-line therapy in people who fail with drugs. (verywellhealth.com)
  • Angina is due to poor blood flow through the blood vessels in the heart. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Stopping these drugs suddenly can make your angina worse or cause a heart attack. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Angina is a specific type of pain in the chest caused by inadequate blood flow through the blood vessels (coronary vessels) of the heart muscle (myocardium). (medlineplus.gov)
  • A person with stable angina usually has something blocking their arteries or making it difficult for fresh blood to flow through them and into the heart. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • The pain from angina may be an indicator or warning sign of a heart attack . (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Stable angina is typically an aspect of coronary heart disease (CHD,) and the two conditions share some similar risk factors. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Angina is a type of chest pain caused by reduced blood flow to the heart muscle. (mdadvice.com)
  • When the heart muscle is not receiving enough blood flow symptoms may result, and these symptoms are called angina. (verywellhealth.com)
  • People with stable angina usually have no symptoms at all while they are at rest or during mild activity since the blood flow to their heart muscle is adequate under these conditions. (verywellhealth.com)
  • This partial blockage usually permits adequate blood flow to the heart muscle during periods of rest, so at rest, there is no angina. (verywellhealth.com)
  • Aims: In order to assess adherence to guidelines and international variability in management, the Euro Heart Survey of Newly Presenting Angina prospectively studied medical therapy, percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), and surgery in patients with new-onset stable angina in Europe. (eur.nl)
  • The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of metoprolol succinate doses of 95 mg and 190 mg on heart rate (HR) control, as well as drug tolerance, in Chinese patients with stable angina, low-dose β-blocker use and unsatisfactory HR control. (medsci.org)
  • Alone, angina is not life threatening, but it can resemble the symptoms of a heart attack, and it is a sign of heart disease. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • MVD affects females more often than males, and as a result, the American Heart Association (AHA) explain, females may experience different symptoms that accompany angina. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Arteriosclerosis of the arteries that supply heart muscles called the coronary arteries thus gives rise to symptoms of chest pain termed angina. (news-medical.net)
  • Angina may lead to complications like stroke or heart attack. (news-medical.net)
  • In fact, 1 in every 100 people with stable angina may go on to develop a fatal heart attack or stroke. (news-medical.net)
  • However, there is a correlation between hereditary heart disease and angina. (answers.com)
  • Unlike a heart attack, angina does not result in permanent damage to the heart muscle. (answers.com)
  • angina has to do with chest/heart, cataract has to do with the eye. (answers.com)
  • Angina is a kind of heart disease. (answers.com)
  • Some causes require prompt medical attention, such as angina, heart attack, blood clots in the lungs, or tearing of the aorta. (answers.com)
  • If your chest pain lasts longer than a few minutes and doesn't go away when you rest or take your angina medications, it may be a sign you're having a heart attack. (mayoclinic.org)
  • Angina is caused by reduced blood flow to your heart muscle. (mayoclinic.org)
  • A bout of angina is not a heart attack , but it means that you're more likely to have a heart attack than someone who doesn't have angina. (emedtv.com)
  • In order to understand the cause of stable angina, it is often helpful to understand the heart and the coronary arteries. (emedtv.com)
  • There is usually no permanent damage to the heart muscle from an episode of angina. (mydr.com.au)
  • Angina happens when there is not enough blood flow to the heart muscle. (uwhealth.org)
  • Other health problems, such as fever or infection, anemia, or other heart problems, can make your angina symptoms worse. (uwhealth.org)
  • When a person with angina eats, physically exerts themselves, or experiences strong emotions or extreme temperatures, it increases the demand on the heart, causing angina. (emedicinehealth.com)
  • however, having angina does mean you have an increased risk of having a heart attack. (emedicinehealth.com)
  • Angina can be a helpful warning sign if it makes a person seek timely medical help and avoid a heart attack. (emedicinehealth.com)
  • Prolonged or unchecked angina can lead to a heart attack or increase the risk of having a heart rhythm abnormality. (emedicinehealth.com)
  • The longer the person experiences chest pain from angina, the more the heart muscle is at risk of dying or malfunctioning. (emedicinehealth.com)
  • It is not always easy to tell the difference between angina and a heart attack, except angina only lasts a few minutes and heart attack pain does not go away. (emedicinehealth.com)
  • Tests will be done right away to see if you are having an episode of angina or a heart attack. (stdavids.com)
  • Then, in the late 2000s, the COURAGE trial showed that PCI really didn't measurably reduce the risk of heart attack or death in people with stable angina, as compared to aggressive medical therapy . (verywellhealth.com)
  • In those with stable CAD it is unclear if PCI or CABG in addition to the other treatments improves life expectancy or decreases heart attack risk. (wikipedia.org)
  • this phenomenon is termed stable angina and is associated with narrowing of the arteries of the heart. (wikipedia.org)
  • Angina, shortness of breath, sweating, nausea or vomiting, and lightheadedness are signs of a heart attack, or myocardial infarction, and immediate emergency medical services are crucial. (wikipedia.org)
  • Even if you have coronary heart disease, you may not experience angina at all times. (newsmax.com)
  • Since the arm, neck and heart develop from the same embryonic tissue, angina typically causes pain to radiate to the arm, particularly left arm, and the neck. (healthhype.com)
  • This can greatly reduce blood flow to the heart and cause angina. (onlymyhealth.com)
  • Angina is one of the most common heart ailments in adults. (onlymyhealth.com)
  • Stents supposedly soothe the suffering of patients with angina and reduce the risk of a future heart attack that may be fatal. (mims.com)
  • Angina in itself is never a conclusively evident alarm about future possible heart attack, but it can always serve as a persuasively evident indicative tool. (blogspot.com)
  • Opinions vary, but most stable angina patients can and probably should be treated with medications alone. (pasadenastarnews.com)
  • It says here that you can eliminate angina symptoms via the use of medications. (nutralegacy.com)
  • Medications to manage high blood pressure may help manage angina. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Angina can be treated through medications and prevented by lifestyle changes. (onlymyhealth.com)
  • In addition, many conventional anti-angina medications react adversely with other medications that the patients may be taking for other illnesses, whereas acupuncture therapy does not pose such an interference with the patient's medical regimen. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The aim of patient management in chronic stable angina is to relieve symptoms, to improve quality of life and to prevent cardiovascular events. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Recognition of the need for early investigation has led to the widespread implementation of chest pain clinics both in the United Kingdom and elsewhere to provide patients with suspected angina prompt treatment to relieve symptoms and reduce risk. (enetmd.com)
  • The primary outcome measure is the proportion of patients who show a clinically significant change, which is defined as at least a 20-point improvement in angina frequency score on the Seattle Angina Questionnaire, which will be administered on day 30. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The Seattle Angina Questionnaire scores improved significantly in both arms for four of five domains at the 3- and the 6-month follow-up. (ovid.com)
  • The secondary outcomes include the proportion of patients who show a clinically significant change, which is defined as at least a 20-point improvement in angina frequency score on the Seattle Angina Questionnaire and the carotid intima-media thickness, which will be measured using ultrasound. (biomedcentral.com)
  • If you have angina, you and your provider will develop a daily treatment plan . (medlineplus.gov)
  • Patients with chronic stable angina have an average annual mortality of 2-3%, only twice that of age matched controls, and this relatively benign prognosis is an important consideration when determining the merits of revascularisation treatment. (bmj.com)
  • We defined clinical significant changes as a difference of 8 points or more on the physical-limitation scale, 25 or more on the angina-stability scale, 12 or more on the treatment-satisfaction scale, or 16 or more on the quality-of-life scale. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • The twice-daily trimetazidine modified release is more effective and acceptable than the thrice-daily formulation for the combination treatment of stable angina in primary-care practice. (springer.com)
  • Combination treatment in stable effort angina using trimetazidine and metoprolol: results of a randomized, double-blind, multicentre study (TRIMIPOL II). (springer.com)
  • Understanding how the pathophysiology of stable angina differs in men and women helps clinicians identify appropriate treatment options. (ptcommunity.com)
  • Designed to give healthcare professionals a current update on coronary artery revascularisation for the treatment of angina. (bjcardio.co.uk)
  • Telling your doctor everything - how you feel, your concerns about the future, and how angina has limited your activities - is a very important step toward finding the best treatment for you. (secondscount.org)
  • Design: Registry based follow up ( median 9.1 years) of patients participating in the APSIS ( angina prognosis study in Stockholm), which was a double blind, single centre trial of antianginal drug treatment. (diva-portal.org)
  • The current study aimed to evaluate whether CSWT can improve exercise tolerance and relieve angina symptoms in addition to optimal medical treatment in patients with stable angina. (ovid.com)
  • This study will provide evidence that Danshen extract is beneficial for stable angina and may establish a possible mechanism of Danshen treatment effects on cardiovascular disease. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Angina may be a new pain that needs evaluation by a doctor, or recurring pain that goes away with treatment. (mayoclinic.org)
  • Stable coronary artery disease - medical treatment. (readbyqxmd.com)
  • The crucial issues in optimal medical therapy to improve prognosis and reduce angina symptoms are secondary prevention, effective control of concomitant diseases, risk factors and medical treatment. (readbyqxmd.com)
  • For many years, stenting was also the treatment of choice for most people who had stable angina-angina caused by a more chronic, fixed, partial blockage in a coronary artery. (verywellhealth.com)
  • After a six-week period of optimizing medical treatment, and after extensive baseline testing to measure the extent of their angina and their exercise capacity, subjects were randomized to receive either a stent, or a sham stent procedure. (verywellhealth.com)
  • Study to Assess Efficacy of Nicorandil+Atenolol vs Atenolol in Treatment of Chronic Stable Angina. (webhealthnetwork.com)
  • The results indicate that TMZ as add -on treatment may be a highly cost-effective option for the symptomatic treatment of patients with chronic stable angina in Greece relative to SoC alone. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The cardio-selective CCBs and some of the selected vaso-selective CCBs (like amlodipine, nicardipine and felodipine) are used in treatment of angina. (healthhype.com)
  • This is the first genome-wide study of electro-acupuncture treatment in angina patients, and will provide valuable information for future studies in the fields of acupuncture and its underlying mechanisms. (biomedcentral.com)
  • It is important to realize that the significance of angina has little to do with whether or not the symptoms are severe or tolerable. (verywellhealth.com)
  • Severe Angina, Advanced Age, Female Sex, Smoking Co-existing illness, abnormal EKG if present correlate to the presence of clinically significant CAD. (imreference.com)
  • The REDUCTION multicentre study evaluated the efficacy and safety of ivabradine in stable angina in routine clinical practice. (ahajournals.org)
  • GlobalData''s clinical trial report, "Stable Angina Global Clinical Trials Review, H2, 2016" provides an overview of Stable Angina clinical trials scenario. (reportsnreports.com)
  • This report provides top line data relating to the clinical trials on Stable Angina. (reportsnreports.com)
  • GlobalData''s clinical trial report, "Chronic Stable Angina Global Clinical Trials Review, H1, 2016" provides an overview of Chronic Stable Angina clinical trials scenario. (reportsnreports.com)
  • This report provides top line data relating to the clinical trials on Chronic Stable Angina. (reportsnreports.com)
  • We review the value of CCTA in the evaluation of patients with stable chest pain including its diagnostic performance, prognostic utility and real-world clinical application. (minervamedica.it)
  • Stents, the ORBITA trial concluded, offered no measurable clinical improvement in stable angina when compared to a sham procedure. (verywellhealth.com)
  • If we step back and take an objective look at the available data, it turns out not to be that difficult to come up with an approach for treating stable angina that makes sense, and also fits the evidence from the clinical trials (including ORBITA) as it exists today. (verywellhealth.com)
  • Furthermore, stable angina in women is associated with increased coronary mortality relative to women in the general population and, among easily identifiable clinical subgroups, has similarly high absolute rates of prognostic outcomes compared with men. (ucl.ac.uk)
  • In this context, the effective management of chronic stable angina is paramount for clinical and economic reasons. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Although acupuncture has been widely accepted as a clinical approach for angina, there is no sufficient evidence of its effectiveness against this syndrome, and its mechanisms have not yet been well elucidated. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The Angina Prognosis Study in Stockholm (APSIS) investigated the use of beta blockers in men and women. (ptcommunity.com)
  • First, patients with a stable CAD have a very good prognosis and large sample size studies are required to assess the potential differences in treatments in the case of rare events. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • Objective: To determine sex differences in the incidence and prognosis of stable angina in a large ambulatory population. (ucl.ac.uk)
  • Prognosis is often good, particularly in patients with chronic stable symptoms receiving contemporary secondary prevention therapy, but in those with recently diagnosed angina risk is greater, with a 2 to 3% incidence of death or nonfatal myocardial infarction in the first year. (enetmd.com)
  • Stable angina, also known as exertional angina, is the most common form. (emedtv.com)
  • it is also referred to as exertional angina. (emedtv.com)