Electronic Mail: Messages between computer users via COMPUTER COMMUNICATION NETWORKS. This feature duplicates most of the features of paper mail, such as forwarding, multiple copies, and attachments of images and other file types, but with a speed advantage. The term also refers to an individual message sent in this way.Food Dispensers, Automatic: Mechanical food dispensing machines.Editorial Policies: The guidelines and policy statements set forth by the editor(s) or editorial board of a publication.Authorship: The profession of writing. Also the identity of the writer as the creator of a literary production.Periodicals as Topic: A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.Postal Service: The functions and activities carried out by the U.S. Postal Service, foreign postal services, and private postal services such as Federal Express.Internet: A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.Legislation, Food: Laws and regulations concerned with industrial processing and marketing of foods.Publishing: "The business or profession of the commercial production and issuance of literature" (Webster's 3d). It includes the publisher, publication processes, editing and editors. Production may be by conventional printing methods or by electronic publishing.Job Application: Process of applying for employment. It includes written application for employment or personal appearance.Angina Pectoris: The symptom of paroxysmal pain consequent to MYOCARDIAL ISCHEMIA usually of distinctive character, location and radiation. It is thought to be provoked by a transient stressful situation during which the oxygen requirements of the MYOCARDIUM exceed that supplied by the CORONARY CIRCULATION.Angina, Unstable: Precordial pain at rest, which may precede a MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION.Coronary Artery Disease: Pathological processes of CORONARY ARTERIES that may derive from a congenital abnormality, atherosclerotic, or non-atherosclerotic cause.Angina Pectoris, Variant: A clinical syndrome characterized by the development of CHEST PAIN at rest with concomitant transient ST segment elevation in the ELECTROCARDIOGRAM, but with preserved exercise capacity.Myocardial Ischemia: A disorder of cardiac function caused by insufficient blood flow to the muscle tissue of the heart. The decreased blood flow may be due to narrowing of the coronary arteries (CORONARY ARTERY DISEASE), to obstruction by a thrombus (CORONARY THROMBOSIS), or less commonly, to diffuse narrowing of arterioles and other small vessels within the heart. Severe interruption of the blood supply to the myocardial tissue may result in necrosis of cardiac muscle (MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION).Angina, Stable: Persistent and reproducible chest discomfort usually precipitated by a physical exertion that dissipates upon cessation of such an activity. The symptoms are manifestations of MYOCARDIAL ISCHEMIA.Coronary Angiography: Radiography of the vascular system of the heart muscle after injection of a contrast medium.Biological Oxygen Demand Analysis: Testing for the amount of biodegradable organic material in a water sample by measuring the quantity of oxygen consumed by biodegradation of those materials over a specific time period.Coronary Vessels: The veins and arteries of the HEART.Coronary Disease: An imbalance between myocardial functional requirements and the capacity of the CORONARY VESSELS to supply sufficient blood flow. It is a form of MYOCARDIAL ISCHEMIA (insufficient blood supply to the heart muscle) caused by a decreased capacity of the coronary vessels.Physician-Patient Relations: The interactions between physician and patient.Research Personnel: Those individuals engaged in research.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Research Design: A plan for collecting and utilizing data so that desired information can be obtained with sufficient precision or so that an hypothesis can be tested properly.Biomedical Research: Research that involves the application of the natural sciences, especially biology and physiology, to medicine.Dictionaries, MedicalDictionaries as Topic: Lists of words, usually in alphabetical order, giving information about form, pronunciation, etymology, grammar, and meaning.Dictionaries, ChemicalNitroglycerin: A volatile vasodilator which relieves ANGINA PECTORIS by stimulating GUANYLATE CYCLASE and lowering cytosolic calcium. It is also sometimes used for TOCOLYSIS and explosives.Counterpulsation: A technique for assisting the circulation by decreasing the afterload of the left ventricle and augmenting the diastolic pressure. It may be achieved by intra-aortic balloon, or by implanting a special pumping device in the chest, or externally by applying a negative pressure to the lower extremities during cardiac systole.Encyclopedias as Topic: Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)EncyclopediasAntibiotic Prophylaxis: Use of antibiotics before, during, or after a diagnostic, therapeutic, or surgical procedure to prevent infectious complications.Writing: The act or practice of literary composition, the occupation of writer, or producing or engaging in literary work as a profession.Microvascular Angina: ANGINA PECTORIS or angina-like chest pain with a normal coronary arteriogram and positive EXERCISE TEST. The cause of the syndrome is unknown. While its recognition is of clinical importance, its prognosis is excellent. (Braunwald, Heart Disease, 4th ed, p1346; Jablonski Dictionary of Syndromes & Eponymic Diseases, 2d ed). It is different from METABOLIC SYNDROME X, a syndrome characterized by INSULIN RESISTANCE and HYPERINSULINEMIA, that has increased risk for cardiovascular disease.Esophagus: The muscular membranous segment between the PHARYNX and the STOMACH in the UPPER GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT.Gastroesophageal Reflux: Retrograde flow of gastric juice (GASTRIC ACID) and/or duodenal contents (BILE ACIDS; PANCREATIC JUICE) into the distal ESOPHAGUS, commonly due to incompetence of the LOWER ESOPHAGEAL SPHINCTER.Prostatic Hyperplasia: Increase in constituent cells in the PROSTATE, leading to enlargement of the organ (hypertrophy) and adverse impact on the lower urinary tract function. This can be caused by increased rate of cell proliferation, reduced rate of cell death, or both.Transurethral Resection of Prostate: Removal of all or part of the PROSTATE, often using a cystoscope and/or resectoscope passed through the URETHRA.Prostate: A gland in males that surrounds the neck of the URINARY BLADDER and the URETHRA. It secretes a substance that liquefies coagulated semen. It is situated in the pelvic cavity behind the lower part of the PUBIC SYMPHYSIS, above the deep layer of the triangular ligament, and rests upon the RECTUM.Serenoa: A plant genus in the family ARECACEAE, order Arecales, subclass Arecidae. The fruit or the extract (Permixon) is used for PROSTATIC HYPERPLASIA.5-alpha Reductase Inhibitors: Drugs that inhibit 3-OXO-5-ALPHA-STEROID 4-DEHYDROGENASE. They are commonly used to reduce the production of DIHYDROTESTOSTERONE.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.

The effect of race and sex on physicians' recommendations for cardiac catheterization. (1/2517)

BACKGROUND: Epidemiologic studies have reported differences in the use of cardiovascular procedures according to the race and sex of the patient. Whether the differences stem from differences in the recommendations of physicians remains uncertain. METHODS: We developed a computerized survey instrument to assess physicians' recommendations for managing chest pain. Actors portrayed patients with particular characteristics in scripted interviews about their symptoms. A total of 720 physicians at two national meetings of organizations of primary care physicians participated in the survey. Each physician viewed a recorded interview and was given other data about a hypothetical patient. He or she then made recommendations about that patient's care. We used multivariate logistic-regression analysis to assess the effects of the race and sex of the patients on treatment recommendations, while controlling for the physicians' assessment of the probability of coronary artery disease as well as for the age of the patient, the level of coronary risk, the type of chest pain, and the results of an exercise stress test. RESULTS: The physicians' mean (+/-SD) estimates of the probability of coronary artery disease were lower for women (probability, 64.1+/-19.3 percent, vs. 69.2+/-18.2 percent for men; P<0.001), younger patients (63.8+/-19.5 percent for patients who were 55 years old, vs. 69.5+/-17.9 percent for patients who were 70 years old; P<0.001), and patients with nonanginal pain (58.3+/-19.0 percent, vs. 64.4+/-18.3 percent for patients with possible angina and 77.1+/-14.0 percent for those with definite angina; P=0.001). Logistic-regression analysis indicated that women (odds ratio, 0.60; 95 percent confidence interval, 0.4 to 0.9; P=0.02) and blacks (odds ratio, 0.60; 95 percent confidence interval, 0.4 to 0.9; P=0.02) were less likely to be referred for cardiac catheterization than men and whites, respectively. Analysis of race-sex interactions showed that black women were significantly less likely to be referred for catheterization than white men (odds ratio, 0.4; 95 percent confidence interval, 0.2 to 0.7; P=0.004). CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that the race and sex of a patient independently influence how physicians manage chest pain.  (+info)

Fibrinolytic activation markers predict myocardial infarction in the elderly. The Cardiovascular Health Study. (2/2517)

Coagulation factor levels predict arterial thrombosis in epidemiological studies, but studies of older persons are needed. We studied 3 plasma antigenic markers of fibrinolysis, viz, plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1), fibrin fragment D-dimer, and plasmin-antiplasmin complex (PAP) for the prediction of arterial thrombosis in healthy elderly persons over age 65. The study was a nested case-control study in the Cardiovascular Health Study cohort of 5201 men and women >/=65 years of age who were enrolled from 1989 to 1990. Cases were 146 participants without baseline clinical vascular disease who developed myocardial infarction, angina, or coronary death during a follow-up of 2.4 years. Controls remained free of cardiovascular events and were matched 1:1 to cases with respect to sex, duration of follow-up, and baseline subclinical vascular disease status. With increasing quartile of D-dimer and PAP levels but not of PAI-1, there was an independent increased risk of myocardial infarction or coronary death, but not of angina. The relative risk for D-dimer above versus below the median value (>/=120 microg/L) was 2.5 (95% confidence interval, 1.1 to 5.9) and for PAP above the median (>/=5.25 nmol/L), 3.1 (1.3 to 7.7). Risks were independent of C-reactive protein and fibrinogen concentrations. There were no differences in risk by sex or presence of baseline subclinical disease. D-dimer and PAP, but not PAI-1, predicted future myocardial infarction in men and women over age 65. Relationships were independent of other risk factors, including inflammation markers. Results indicate a major role for these markers in identifying a high risk of arterial disease in this age group.  (+info)

Randomised controlled trial of follow up care in general practice of patients with myocardial infarction and angina: final results of the Southampton heart integrated care project (SHIP). The SHIP Collaborative Group. (3/2517)

OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of a programme to coordinate and support follow up care in general practice after a hospital diagnosis of myocardial infarction or angina. DESIGN: Randomised controlled trial; stratified random allocation of practices to intervention and control groups. SETTING: All 67 practices in Southampton and south west Hampshire, England. SUBJECTS: 597 adult patients (422 with myocardial infarction and 175 with a new diagnosis of angina) who were recruited during hospital admission or attendance at a chest pain clinic between April 1995 and September 1996. INTERVENTION: Programme to coordinate preventive care led by specialist liaison nurses which sought to improve communication between hospital and general practice and to encourage general practice nurses to provide structured follow up. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Serum total cholesterol concentration, blood pressure, distance walked in 6 minutes, confirmed smoking cessation, and body mass index measured at 1 year follow up. RESULTS: Of 559 surviving patients at 1 year, 502 (90%) were followed up. There was no significant difference between the intervention and control groups in smoking (cotinine validated quit rate 19% v 20%), lipid concentrations (serum total cholesterol 5.80 v 5.93 mmol/l), blood pressure (diastolic pressure 84 v 85 mm Hg), or fitness (distance walked in 6 minutes 443 v 433 m). Body mass index was slightly lower in the intervention group (27.4 v 28.2; P=0.08). CONCLUSIONS: Although the programme was effective in promoting follow up in general practice, it did not improve health outcome. Simply coordinating and supporting existing NHS care is insufficient. Ischaemic heart disease is a chronic condition which requires the same systematic approach to secondary prevention applied in other chronic conditions such as diabetes mellitus.  (+info)

The transmyocardial laser revascularization international registry report. (4/2517)

AIMS: This report aimed to provide an analysis of the data submitted from Europe and Asia on transmyocardial laser revascularization. METHODS AND RESULTS: Prospective data was recorded on 967 patients with intractable angina not amenable to conventional revascularization in 21 European and Asian centres performing transmyocardial laser revascularization using the PLC Medical Systems CO2 laser. Patient characteristics, operative details and early complications following transmyocardial laser revascularization were recorded. The in-hospital death rate was 9.7% (95% confidence interval 7.8% to 11.6%). Other early complications were consistent with similar cardiothoracic surgical procedures. There was a decrease of two or more Canadian Cardiovascular Score angina classes in 47.3%, 45.4% and 34.0% of survivors at 3, 6 and 12 months follow-up, respectively (P=0.001 for each). Treadmill exercise time increased by 42 s at 3 months (P=0.008), 1 min 43 s at 6 months (P<0.001) and 1 min 50 s at 12 months (P<0.001) against pre-operative times of 6 min. CONCLUSION: Uncontrolled registry data suggest that transmyocardial laser revascularization may lead to a decrease in angina and improved exercise tolerance. It does, however, have a risk of peri-operative morbidity and mortality. Definitive results from randomized controlled trials are awaited.  (+info)

Heart rate variability and ischaemia in patients with coronary heart disease and stable angina pectoris; influence of drug therapy and prognostic value. TIBBS Investigators Group. Total Ischemic Burden Bisoprolol Study. (5/2517)

AIMS: Determination of the influence of therapy with bisoprolol and nifedipine on the heart rate variability of patients from the Total Ischemic Burden Bisoprolol Study and examination of the prognostic value. METHODS AND RESULTS: Four hundred and twenty-two patients with stable angina were included. The heart rate variability was determined over a period of 24 h. Parameters determined: standard deviation of the mean of all corrected RR intervals, standard deviation of all 5 min mean cycle lengths, square root of the mean of the squared differences of successive corrected RR intervals. Nifedipine reduced the mean values of all heart rate variability parameters tested. Square root of the mean of the square differences of successive corrected RR intervals increased under bisoprolol. Standard deviation of the mean of all corrected RR intervals and standard deviation of all 5 min mean cycle lengths increased from low baseline values and declined from higher baseline values. The increase in heart rate variability under therapy was accompanied by a tendency towards a better prognosis. Patients with an increase in heart rate variability and simultaneous complete suppression of ischaemia under therapy displayed no serious events in the course of one year. CONCLUSIONS: The increase in the heart rate variability, which can be regarded as prognostically favourable, was predominantly observed under bisoprolol. The parameter constellation of an increase in heart rate variability and complete ischaemia suppression on the 48-h Holter ECG was associated with the greatest benefit.  (+info)

Evaluation of technician supervised treadmill exercise testing in a cardiac chest pain clinic. (6/2517)

OBJECTIVE: To determine the efficacy and safety of trained cardiac technicians independently performing treadmill exercise stress tests as part of the assessment of patients with suspected angina pectoris. DESIGN: Retrospective comparison of 250 exercise tests performed by cardiac technicians and 225 tests performed by experienced cardiology clinical assistants (general practitioners who perform regular NHS cardiology duties), and consultant cardiologists over the same time period. SETTING: Regional cardiac centre with a dedicated cardiac chest pain clinic. PATIENTS: All patients were referred by their general practitioners with a history of recent onset of chest pain, which was suspected to be angina pectoris. OUTCOME MEASURES: Peak workload achieved, symptoms, indications for termination, complications. RESULTS: The diagnostic yield of technician supervised tests (percentage positive or negative) was similar to that of medically supervised tests (76% v 69%, NS). The average peak workload achieved by patients was less by 1.2 mets (p < 0.005). This was probably due to more tests being terminated earlier due to chest pain and ST segment depression in the technician group compared with doctors (10% and 16% v 5% and 11% respectively, p = 0.06 and 0.07). One patient in the technician supervised group developed a supraventricular tachycardia during the recovery phase of the exercise test. CONCLUSIONS: Technician supervised stress testing is associated with a high diagnostic rate and low complication rate in patients with suspected ischaemic heart disease. Its efficacy is comparable to tests supervised by experienced doctors and its use should be encouraged.  (+info)

Follow-up care in general practice of patients with myocardial infarction or angina pectoris: initial results of the SHIP trial. Southampton Heart Integrated Care Project. (7/2517)

OBJECTIVE: We aimed to assess the effectiveness of a nurse-led programme to ensure that follow-up care is provided in general practice after hospital diagnosis of myocardial infarction (MI) or angina pectoris. METHODS: We conducted a randomized controlled trial with stratified random allocation of practices to intervention and control groups within all 67 practices in Southampton and South-West Hampshire, England. The subjects were 422 adult patients with a MI and 175 patients with a new diagnosis of angina recruited during hospital admission or chest pain clinic attendance between April 1995 and September 1996. Intervention involved a programme of secondary preventive care led by specialist liaison nurses in which we sought to improve communication between hospital and general practice and to encourage general practice nurses to provide structured follow-up. The main outcome measures were: extent of general practice follow-up; attendance for cardiac rehabilitation; medication prescribed at hospital discharge; self-reported smoking, diet and exercise; and symptoms of chest pain and shortness of breath. Follow-ups of 90.1 % of subjects at 1 month and 80.6% at 4 months were carried out. RESULTS: Median attendance for nurse follow-up in the 4 months following diagnosis was 3 (IQR 2-5) in intervention practices and 0 (IQR 0-1) in control practices; the median number of visits to a doctor was the same in both groups. At hospital discharge, levels of prescribing of preventive medication were low in both intervention and control groups: aspirin 77 versus 74% (P = 0.32), cholesterol lowering agents 9 versus 10% (P = 0.8). Conversely, 1 month after diagnosis, the vast majority of patients in both groups reported healthy lifestyles: 90 versus 84% reported eating healthy food (P = 0.53); 73 versus 67% taking regular exercise (P = 0.13); 89 versus 92% not smoking (P = 0.77). Take up of cardiac rehabilitation was 37% in the intervention group and 22% in the control group (P = 0.001); the median number of sessions attended was also higher (5 versus 3 out of 6). CONCLUSIONS: The intervention of a liaison nurse is effective in ensuring that general practice nurses follow-up patients after hospital discharge. It does not alter the number of follow-up visits made by the patient to the doctor. Levels of prescribing and reported changes in behaviour at hospital discharge indicate that the main tasks facing practice nurses during follow-up are to help patients to sustain changes in behaviour, to encourage doctors to prescribe appropriate medication and to encourage patients to adhere to medication while returning to an active life. These are very different tasks to those traditionally undertaken by practice nurses in relation to primary prevention, where the emphasis has been on identifying risk and motivating change. Assessment of the effectiveness of practice nurses in undertaking these new tasks requires a longer follow-up.  (+info)

The economic consequences of available diagnostic and prognostic strategies for the evaluation of stable angina patients: an observational assessment of the value of precatheterization ischemia. Economics of Noninvasive Diagnosis (END) Multicenter Study Group. (8/2517)

OBJECTIVES: The study aim was to determine observational differences in costs of care by the coronary disease diagnostic test modality. BACKGROUND: A number of diagnostic strategies are available with few data to compare the cost implications of the initial test choice. METHODS: We prospectively enrolled 11,372 consecutive stable angina patients who were referred for stress myocardial perfusion tomography or cardiac catheterization. Stress imaging patients were matched by their pretest clinical risk of coronary disease to a series of patients referred to cardiac catheterization. Composite 3-year costs of care were compared for two patients management strategies: 1) direct cardiac catheterization (aggressive) and 2) initial stress myocardial perfusion tomography and selective catheterization of high risk patients (conservative). Analysis of variance techniques were used to compare costs, adjusting for treatment propensity and pretest risk. RESULTS: Observational comparisons of aggressive as compared with conservative testing strategies reveal that costs of care were higher for direct cardiac catheterization in all clinical risk subsets (range: $2,878 to $4,579), as compared with stress myocardial perfusion imaging plus selective catheterization (range: $2,387 to $3,010, p < 0.0001). Coronary revascularization rates were higher for low, intermediate and high risk direct catheterization patients as compared with the initial stress perfusion imaging cohort (13% to 50%, p < 0.0001); cardiac death or myocardial infarction rates were similar (p > 0.20). CONCLUSIONS: Observational assessments reveal that stable chest pain patients who undergo a more aggressive diagnostic strategy have higher diagnostic costs and greater rates of intervention and follow-up costs. Cost differences may reflect a diminished necessity for resource consumption for patients with normal test results.  (+info)

*Canadian Cardiovascular Society grading of angina pectoris

The Canadian Cardiovascular Society grading of angina pectoris (sometimes referred to as the CCS Angina Grading Scale or the ... The CCS grading system for angina is a clinical tool used by doctors to assess the degree of severity of a patient's angina. ... Whilst there are no defined therapy guidelines specific for each class, once the severity of the angina has been assessed, ... CCS Functional Classification of Angina) is a classification system used to grade the severity of exertional angina. ...

*DMOZ - Health: Conditions and Diseases: Cardiovascular Disorders: Heart Disease: Angina Pectoris

Natural Angina Pectoris, Ischemia of Effort and Cardiac Arrhythmia Cure A discussion on the use of zinc for treatment of this ... eMedicine - Angina Pectoris Cardiologist offers a clinical overview of this condition that often leads to chest pain in ... Looks at angina pectoris and explains what it is, the heart attack risks, diagnosis, treatment and the types. ... Facts About Angina Detailed look at this disorder covering what it is and what brings it on, heart attack and angina, diagnosis ...

*Matthew Baillie

Angina pectoris". Am. J. Pathol. 97 (3): 530. PMC 2042409 . PMID 389065. Prichard, R (December 1979). "Selected items from the ...

*James Mackenzie (cardiologist)

By 1907 Mackenzie experienced frequent episodes of angina pectoris which he mentioned to Sir Thomas Lewis and in 1908 he had a ... Mackenzie, James (1923). Angina pectoris. London: Henry Frowde, Hodder & Stoughton. Mackenzie, James (1908). Diseases of the ... His angina continued after 1908 and became progressively worse until in January 1925 he had a prolonged and severe attack of ... angina and died at around 4am in the morning of 26 January 1925. Before his death Mackenzie has asked that his friend John ...

*Nicholas Kounis

Kounis syndrome (allergic angina and allergic myocardial infarction). Angina Pectoris. Etiology, Pathogenesis and Treatment. ... "Kounis syndrome (allergic angina and allergic myocardial infarction): A natural paradigm?" Kounis NG. International Journal of ... Kounis syndrome (allergic angina and allergic myocardial infarction): A natural paradigm? International Journal of Cardiology ... It was during this period when he treated two patients who developed angina progressing to acute myocardial infarction ...

*Magnetic field imaging

Early Detection: Arrhythmia; Ischemia; Angina pectoris; Cardiac microvascular diseases Direct diagnosis of heart function after ...

*Fred F. French

Frederick Fillmore French, 52, Manhattan builder (Tudor City, Knickerbocker Village); of angina pectoris; in Pawling, N. Y. An ...

*Familial hypercholesterolemia

This may lead to angina pectoris (chest pain or tightness on exertion) or heart attacks. Less commonly, arteries of the brain ... Müller C (1938). "Xanthoma, hypercholesterolemia, angina pectoris". Acta Med Scandinav. 95 Suppl (89): 75-84. doi:10.1111/j. ...

*Rudolf Arndt

He died of angina pectoris. He is known today for the "Arndt-Schulz rule", a pharmacologic principle of homeopathy that is ...

*Carotid endarterectomy

Class III/IV angina pectoris. Left main or multi vessel coronary artery disease. Need for open heart surgery within 30 days. ...

*Alprenolol

Hickie JB (August 1970). "Alprenolol ("aptin") in angina pectoris. A double-blind multicentre trial". Med. J. Aust. 2 (6): 268- ... used in the treatment of angina pectoris. It is no longer marketed by AstraZeneca, but may still be available from other ...

*Intra-aortic balloon pump

Unstable angina pectoris benefits from counterpulsation. Post cardiothoracic surgery-most common and useful is counterpulsation ... Preoperative use is suggested for high-risk patients such as those with unstable angina with stenosis greater than 70% of main ...

*List of examples of Stigler's law

A variant form of angina pectoris. Preliminary report. Am Heart J 1959; 27:375. Grattan-Guinness, Ivor (1997): The Rainbow of ... Prinzmetal angina: also known as variant angina, referring to angina (chest pain) caused by vasospasm of the coronary arteries ... Electrocardiographic study during a paroxysm of angina pectoris. Am Heart J 1933; 9:259. Prinzmetal, M, Kennamer, R, Merliss, R ... Electrocardiographic changes during brief attacks of angina pectoris. Lancet 1931; 1:15. Brow, GR, Holman, DV. ...

*Propatylnitrate

Sandler, G. (1961). "Clinical Evaluation of Propatylnitrate in Angina Pectoris". British Medical Journal. 2 (5269): 1741-1744. ...

*Thomas Jones (artist)

Thomas Jones died in 1803; the cause of death was angina pectoris. He was buried at the family chapel at Caebach, Llandrindod ...

*Pheniprazine

It was also used in the treatment of angina pectoris and schizophrenia. Pheniprazine has been largely discontinued due to ... Sandler, G (1961). "Clinical evaluation of pheniprazine in angina pectoris". British medical journal. 1 (5228): 792-4. doi: ...

*Chest pain

Cardiac chest pain is called angina pectoris. Some causes of noncardiac chest pain include gastrointestinal, musculoskeletal, ... Prinzmetal's angina - Chest pain is caused by coronary vasospasm. More common in women younger than 50 years. Patient usually ... Acute coronary syndrome Stable or unstable angina Myocardial infarction ("heart attack") - People usually complained of a ...

*Khellin

... has been used to relieve the pain associated with angina pectoris by acting as a selective coronary vasodilator. This ... Osher, Harold; Katz, Kermit; Wagner, Donald (1951). "Khellin in the treatment of angina pectoris". The New England Journal of ... Conn, James J. (1952). "The treatment of angina pectoris with khellin". Annals of Internal Medicine. 36 (5): 1173-1178. doi: ...

*Socrates Tuttle

He died of angina pectoris in 1885. "Death of Ex-Mayor Socrates Tuttle". Paterson Daily Press. February 13, 1885. Retrieved ...

*Timeline of cardiovascular disease

"Description of Angina Pectoris by William Heberden". Retrieved 29 July 2016. Bright, Richard (1831). Reports of Medical Cases, ...

*External counterpulsation

"Enhanced external counterpulsation for chronic angina pectoris". The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (2): CD007219. doi ... Other reviews found tentative benefit in those with angina that does not improve with medications. For stroke due to lack of ... External counterpulsation therapy (ECP) is a procedure that may be performed on individuals with angina, heart failure, or ... Some reviews did not find sufficient evidence that it was useful for either angina or heart failure. ...

*William J. Duff

Duff died in May 1922 from angina pectoris. 1882 Michigan Wolverines football team 1884 Michigan Wolverines football team "1882 ...

*Joseph A. Maynard

The official cause of death was Angina pectoris. "J. A Maynard for Surveyor". The Boston Daily Globe. October 19, 1913. " ...

*Frederic Leighton

Leighton died the next day of angina pectoris. Leighton remained a bachelor and rumours of his having an illegitimate child ...

*Migraine treatment

1966). "The prophylactic value of propranolol in angina pectoris". Am J Cardiol. 18 (3): 370-83. doi:10.1016/0002-9149(66)90056 ... propranalol's effectiveness in headache treatment was a chance finding in patients receiving the drug for angina (chest pain ...

*List of ICD-9 codes 390-459: diseases of the circulatory system

Angina pectoris (413.0) Angina decubitus (413.1) Prinzmetal angina (414) Other forms of chronic ischemic heart disease (414.0) ...
Angina pectoris is the medical term for chest pain caused by a lack of blood and/or oxygen in the heart muscle. The term comes from the Greek word "ankhon" meaning "strangling" and the Latin word "pectus" meaning "chest". This is most likely due to the fact that someone suffering from this condition describes the pain of an attack as a squeezing sensation, a tightness in the chest, or a feeling of pressure.. In addition to chest discomfort, pain from angina pectoris may also be felt in the upper abdomen, neck, jaw, back, or shoulders. The pain can be accompanied by sweating, breathlessness, or nausea. Angina pectoris attacks usually last for 1 to 5 minutes; pain lasting only a few seconds is normally not angina pectoris. Angina pectoris attacks that worsen as the attack progresses, angina pectoris that occurs suddenly while you are at rest, and angina pectoris lasting longer than 15 minutes are all considered signs of unstable angina. Unstable angina is an indication that an individual has a ...
The global angina pectoris drugs market is expected to be valued at USD 10.6 Billion by 2022, as per a new report by Grand View Research, Inc. The global angina pectoris market is collectively driven by demand for disease-modifying and targeted treatments, increased expenditure on healthcare and availability of effective treatment methods across the emerging markets.. (Logo: http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20160524/371361LOGO ) Additionally, the rising prevalence and incidence of angina pectoris is anticipated to fuel the market growth. Chronic stable angina pectoris has a prevalence of 2.0-4.0% in developed markets such as the U.S., the U.K., Germany, France, Italy, Spain and Japan. The prevalence of angina pectoris rises sharply with age in both genders, ranging from 2.0- 5.0% in men aged 45-54 to 10.0-20.0% in men aged 65-74, and from 0.1-1.0% in women aged 45-54 to 10.0-15.0% in women aged 65-74. The disease symptoms can be managed by following a healthy lifestyle.. Browse full research ...
Define angina pectoris. angina pectoris synonyms, angina pectoris pronunciation, angina pectoris translation, English dictionary definition of angina pectoris. n. Severe paroxysmal pain in the chest associated with an insufficient supply of blood to the heart. n. a sensation of crushing pressure in the chest, usu....
Purpose: Spinal cord stimulation (SCS) relieves angina pectoris in patients with ischemic heart disease, but its mechanisms of action remain incompletely understood. The goal of this study was to determine whether short-term SCS therapy improves myocardial blood flow (MBF) and myocardial flow reserve (MFR) in patients with myocardial ischemia.. Methods: The study group consisted of 18 patients (16 males) ageing 59 to 84 years who had severe stable angina pectoris (CCS class 3-4 in 70%) despite optimized medical therapy, evidence of myocardial ischemia in non-invasive testing, but not being amenable to further revascularization. All patients had three-vessel-disease and prior coronary artery bypass Surgery. Nine had prior myocardial infarction. Patients with recent MI or ejection fraction ,40% were excluded. Quantitative myocardial blood flow was measured with positron emission tomography (PET) and [15O]H2O during rest and adenosine stress before turning the SCS device on (baseline) and again ...
The clinical and pathological data from 46 patients who died during or shortly after coronary bypass surgery and one patient who died shortly after angiography were studied. Each patient was placed into one of three clinical categories of angina pectoris. Twelve were classified as having unstable angina pectoris, 20 as stable severe angina, and 15 as stable moderate angina. No significant difference was found between the three catagories whem age, sex, presence of hypertension, lipid abnormalities, diabetes, smoking, family history of myocardial infarction, or history of previous mycardial infarction were examined. Most patients in all classes of angina had extensive atherosclerotic coronary disease: 12 patients had triple vessel plus left main disease; 25, triple vessel disease; nine double vessel disease; and only one, single vessel disease. There was no difference in severity or distribution of coronary disease when the three catagories of angina were compared. Thirty-six of the 47 patients ...
Angina pectoris. Artwork showing a heart and a human figure, with arrows (purple) showing the characteristic distribution of pain in the chest when the heart muscle does not receive enough blood. This condition is known as angina pectoris. Pain is felt in the chest radiating towards the neck, right shoulder, right side, and down the left arm. The partially sectioned left coronary artery on the heart artwork shows atheroma deposits (yellow) due to atherosclerosis. It is this blockage of the coronary arteries that reduces the blood supply and causes angina pectoris. In severe cases, it can lead to a heart attack. - Stock Image C022/6405
Despite the high incidence of angina pectoris (Despite the high incidence of angina pectoris † and its varied causes, a relatively large number of patients, after most careful routine physical examination, roentgenological investigations, and routine electrocardiographic studies (including chest leads) yield findings within normal or nearly normal limits. In such cases the diagnosis must be made upon the description of symptoms obtained from the patient. According to Burnett1 one-third of the patients, and according to the experience of Paul D. White2 20 to 25 per cent of the patients having angina pectoris fall within this group.) and its varied causes, a relatively large number of patients, after most careful routine physical examination, roentgenological investigations, and routine electrocardiographic studies (including chest leads) yield findings within normal or nearly normal limits. In such cases the diagnosis must be made upon the description of symptoms obtained from the patient. ...
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Smaller HDL particles are associated with absence of obstructive coronary artery disease in stable angina pectoris patients. Zeljkovic, Aleksandra; Vekic, Jelena; Spasojevic-Kalimanovska, Vesna; Jelic-Ivanovic, Zorana; Kalimanovska-Ostric, Dimitra; Memon, Lidija; Bogavac-Stanojevic, Natasa; Topic, Aleksandra; Spasic, Slavica // Annals of Clinical Biochemistry;May2014, Vol. 51 Issue 3, p412 The article presents a study which investigates the aims to compare plasma low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) size in stable angina pectoris patients with the absence of obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD). The study analyzed LDL and HDL subclasses in 100... ...
Prior to my diagnosis of stable angina pectoris I suffered daily with what I thought was simply severe chest pain and heartburn. I went to my family doctor and he diagnosed me with stable angina. The tests showed that my heart was not receiving enough blood and oxygen to meet its needs. Once I started Vastarel my angina symptoms disappeared never to come back. It is amazing.. vastarel pills purchase online shop. buy generic vastarel shopping. purchase now vastarel shop canada. where to buy indian vastarel. online trizedon store. reload strip cardaptan 30mg exactly pills. mifepristone and vastarel online. generic vastarel manufacturers. best price screams carvidon radar generic. Providing our clients with the best possible services available online we aim the steady development of our business, and that is why we work hard to enlarge our audience by stimulating seasonal sales and special offers for our regular customers.. walgreens trial pharmacy trizedon 60mg medicine angina excellent ...
182 patients (median age 63 y in the TMR group, 65 y in the medication-alone group; 91% women) who had Canadian Cardiovascular Society Angina (CCSA) scores of III or IV after maximum tolerated doses of ≥ 2 antianginal drugs, left ventricular ejection fraction ≥ 30%, reversible perfusion defects on dipyridamole thallium testing, and ≥ 1 region of protected myocardium. Exclusion criteria included myocardial infarction in the previous 3 months, severe symptomatic heart failure, history of clinically important ventricular arrhythmias or cardiac transplantation, or lack of fitness for surgery. Follow-up was 84% for change in exercise duration and 89% for change in CCSA scores ...
Background: There is speculation that women and South Asian people are more likely than men and white people to report atypical angina and that they are less likely to undergo invasive management of angina. We sought to determine whether atypical symptoms of angina pectoris in women and South Asians impacted clinically important outcomes and clinical management. Methods: We prospectively identified 2189 South Asian people and 5605 white people with recent-onset chest pain at 6 chest-pain clinics in the United Kingdom. We documented hospital admissions for acute coronary syndromes, coronary deaths as well as coronary angiography and revascularization procedures. Results: Atypical chest pain was reported by more women than men (56.5% vs 54.5%, p < 0.054) and by more South Asian patients than white patients (59.9% vs 52.5%, p < 0.001). Typical symptoms were associated with coronary death or acute coronary syndromes among women (hazard ratio [HR] 2.30, 95% CI 1.70â€"3.11, p < 0.001) but not among ...
Juul-Möller and colleagues state that the Swedish Angina Pectoris Aspirin Trial is a study of primary prevention because documented previous MI was an exclusion criterion. All patients, however, were presumed to have coronary artery disease for an average of 4.7 years, based on "symptoms of chronic stable angina pectoris." The extent and severity of coronary artery disease is not defined. The number of patients who had coronary angiography or revascularization is also not stated, although patients already on or requiring aspirin were excluded. The intervention is more rightly considered secondary prevention because event rates were presumed and shown to be higher than in healthy persons. As such, the findings add to the already compelling body of data showing that aspirin reduces infarction, stroke, and death in patients with atherosclerotic disease. The trial is noteworthy in several respects. First, important reductions in the primary and secondary end points were seen with an aspirin dose of ...
Procedural ischemic myocardial injury remains the most frequent complication after coronary angioplasty. Recently it was reported that pretreatment with atorvastatin reduce the myocardial damage compared to placebo. Thus, we will evaluate the difference of pretreatment of pitavastatin compared to standard therapy on the reduction of myocardial damage in patient who is scheduled elective PCI for stable angina pectoris ...
Editor,-I enjoyed the prospective study by Cooke et al (Gut1998;42:323-329) on the relation between oesophageal abnormalities and chest pain in patients with normal coronary angiograms and with angina pectoris. This study confirms the findings of previous studies1 2 that the oesophagus is responsible for chest pain in a high percentage of patients with coronary artery disease, and that an episode of gastro-oesophageal reflux nearly always triggers this pain.. However, no explanation for this unexpected finding has been given. The tentative proposition that it is the result of a decreased angina threshold3 and a reflex coronary ischaemia, both induced by the contact of acid with the oesophageal mucosa, is not acceptable for two reasons: firstly, because this oesophagocardiac reflex may be the basis for linked angina but not for oesophageal angina and, secondly, because the patients should have shown simultaneous electrocardiographic (ECG) abnormalities during the pain induced by the acid ...
What is Angina Pectoris Angina pectoris is a term that describes chest pain caused by myocardial ischemia - a condition in which the amount of oxygen getting
... , a term applied to a violent paroxysm of painful sensations in the chest, arising for the most part in connection with some form of heart disease. An attack of angina pectoris usually comes on with a sudden seizure of pain, felt at first over the region of the heart, but radiating through the chest in various directions, and frequently extending down the left arm. A feeling of constriction and of suffocation accompanies the pain, although there is seldom actual difficulty in breathing. When the attack comes on, as it often does, in the course of some bodily exertion, the sufferer is at once brought to rest, and during the continuance of the paroxysm expe-riences the most intense agony. The countenance becomes pale, the surface of the body cold, the pulse feeble, and death appears to be imminent, when suddenly the attack subsides, and complete relief is obtained. The duration of a paroxysm rarely exceeds two or three minutes, but it may last for a longer period. The attacks are ...
The term angina pectoris refers to a feeling of pain or discomfort in the chest. Angina pectoris occurs when the heart muscle does not get enough blood and as a result, not enough oxygen, to function normally. Angina pectoris is usually caused by the hardening of the arteries. When plaques largely block the coronary
Is Angina Pectoris a common side effect of Valsacor? View Angina Pectoris Valsacor side effect risks. Male, 72 years of age, weighting 158.7 lb, was diagnosed with benign prostatic hyperplasia, hypertension and took Valsacor .
In recent years there has been growing interest in coronary artery disease in women, particularly with regard to gender differences. We know from the Framingham study that women develop coronary disease at an older age and often have different presenting manifestations. For example, women are more likely to have chest pain as their initial symptom (1). Several studies have investigated gender differences with respect to outcome after myocardial infarction but relatively few have examined outcomes after diagnosis of angina. The study by Orencia and colleagues compares outcomes in men and women with angina pectoris. The diagnosis of angina was based on symptoms alone and did not require objective evidence of ischemia. Details regarding the character of chest pain or the frequency of typical compared with atypical pain were not provided. The finding of a more favorable prognosis in women with an initial diagnosis of angina is encouraging but may be misleading. As the authors acknowledge, angina is ...
There are three types of angina - stable, unstable and prinzmetals. Stable angina is the most common and symptoms usually last for a few minutes before they subside, often with the help of nitroglycerine tablets.. With unstable angina the symptoms can be more severe and not so predictable. The attacks often last much longer and can occur even at times of rest. An unstable attack can be a precursor to a heart attack and thus it is taken more seriously than stable angina. Medical attention should be sought immediately at the first sign of unstable angina.. Prinzmetals, is defined as angina that occurs when the patient is at rest, rather than the result of physical exercise. Dr James Pierce Ph.D., relates that hes identified the cause of this angina. He says that it generally occurs at certain times of the day, in the early morning and late afternoon.(1) These are, as it happens, the times of day when Mg is at its lowest ebb in the body.. Dr Pierce estimates that some 50% of sudden heart attacks ...
In simple terms, refractory angina (RFA) is a disabling chronic heart pain, as a result of heart disease. Angioplasty, coronary artery bypass surgery, or even medical therapy have failed to control this chest pain. A chronic chest pain can be determined if it occurs longer than three months. The blockage of arteries takes place due to a build-up of plaque. As a result, blood flow slows down and makes it hard for oxygen-rich blood to reach the heart. This causes angina or chest pain. Those suffering from angina may experience back, neck, shoulder, arm, or jaw pain. Those with RFA have angina symptoms that are more severe and difficult to manage than those who experience regular stable angina. The symptoms are usually unmanageable; however, there are few specialized treatments that can aid in reducing the severity of the symptoms. A non-invasive therapy known as Enhanced External Counter Pulsation (EECP) places compressive cuffs on the upper and lower legs (calves, upper, and thighs). Along with ...
To demonstrate the clinical efficacy and safety of vascular endothelial growth factor(VEGF165)when delivered by direct myocardial injection through the NOGA navigational catheter to improve myocardial perfusion in patients with severe angina pectoris for whom conventional PCI or CABG are either not possible or not ideal.Secondary objective will be to determine the effects of VEGF gene therapy on angina symptoms, patient perceived quality of life and exercise ...
[82 Pages Report] Check for Discount on Chronic Stable Angina Global Clinical Trials Review, H1, 2016 report by GlobalData. Chronic Stable Angina Global Clinical Trials Review, H1, 2016 Summary...
More women than men with myocardial infarction have previous stable angina pectoris. Women also have an increased incidence of angina after percutaneous coronary intervention and coronary artery bypass grafting. Data from 1,737 patients with stable a
Studies on patients with angina pectoris and normal coronary angiograms: with special reference to adenosine as a modulator of pain ...
An open, randomized, controlled, multicenter study to assess the change in time to onset of 1-mm-ST-segment depression produced by carvedilol (Dilatrend) versus metoprolol in patients with chronic stable angina pectoris ...
Angina pectoris is a term that describes chest pain caused by myocardial ischemia. It usually occurs on exertion and is relieved by rest. Angina generally is a symptom of coronary artery disease. In most severe cases, it occurs with minimal effort or at rest. Symptoms include anxiety, increased or irregular heart rate, paleness and cold…
Angina, or angina pectoris, is a medical term for the symptoms caused by the heart not getting enough oxygen from the arteries that supply the heart with blood. When these arteries become narrowed or blocked over time, it is called coronary artery disease (CAD), and it can cause angina. Most commonly, people describe their symptoms of angina as chest discomfort or pain. Angina can be stable or unstable. When angina becomes unstable, it is commonly associated with a heart attack, which is a medical emergency. Stable angina is not usually an emergency, but it can be painful and frightening. We invite you to use the article in this center to learn more about angina and how you and your healthcare team can work together on a treatment plan that is right for you ...
In this trial of patients with T2DM, established CAD, and stable angina, ranolazine was more effective than placebo in reducing the primary outcome of average weekly angina episodes, as well as average weekly sublingual nitroglycerin use. These results were consistent across the subgroups of baseline average weekly angina episodes, number of concomitant antianginal medications, age, and sex. The therapeutic benefit of ranolazine versus placebo was greater among patients enrolled outside of Russia, Ukraine, and Belarus, and among those with higher baseline HbA1c. In addition, ranolazine was safe and well tolerated in this patient population.. While patients with T2DM and CAD have more extensive disease (7,8) and worse outcomes (20,21) than those without DM, the data on whether they experience more angina are conflicting. Several older studies suggested that patients with DM have less angina than their non-DM counterparts due to an increased likelihood of "silent" ischemia related to diabetic ...
But there is a disorder of the breast marked with strong and peculiar symptoms, considerable for the kind of danger belonging to it, and not extremely rare, which deserves to be mentioned more at length. The seat of it and the sense of strangling and anxiety with which it is attended, may make it not improperly be called angina pectoris. Those who are afflicted with it, are seized while they are walking (more especially if it be uphill, and soon after eating) with a painful and most disagreeable sensation in the breast, which seems as if it would extinguish life if it were to increase or to continue; but the moment they stand still, all this uneasiness vanishes. In all other respects, the patients are, at the beginning of this disorder, perfectly well, and in particular have no shortness of breath, from which it is totally different. The pain is sometimes situated in the upper part, sometimes in the middle, sometimes in the bottom of the os. sterni, and often more inclined to the left than to ...
During Angine pectoris, patient suffers from actute chest pain accompanied by breathlessness, sweating and nausea. Beta blockers, Nitro-vasodilators, Calcium Channel Blockers, asprin combinations are used for the treatment of angina pectoris.
Angina pectoris is the result of myocardial ischemia caused by an imbalance between myocardial blood supply and oxygen demand. Angina is a common presenting symptom (typically, chest pain) among patients with coronary artery disease.
Angina pectoris, also known as Angina, a symptoms of Ischemic heart disease, is defined as a condition of chest pain caused by poor blood flow through the blood vessels due to obstruction or spasm of the coronary arteries resulting of lack of blood that lead to lack of oxygen supply and waste removal. Preventions A. …. ...
... , also known as Angina, a symptoms of Ischemic heart disease, is defined as a condition of chest pain caused by poor blood flow through the blood vessels due to obstruction or spasm of the coronary arteries resulting of lack of blood that lead to lack of oxygen supply and waste removal. Types of …. ...
Objectives. We sought to define the extent to which the therapeutic efficacy of three single-drug regimens on ambulatory ischemia paralleled efficacy on other clinical manifestations of ischemia, specifically exercise test performance and anginal symptoms.. Background. Some studies have shown that the presence and severity of ambulatory ischemia are predictive of anginal symptoms and exercise test performance, whereas other studies have not. Less is known about effects of antianginal treatment and whether response to therapy for one clinical manifestation reflects therapeutic responses for other clinical manifestations.. Methods. We studied 50 patients in the Angina and Silent Ischemia Study who had documented coronary disease, an exercise test positive for ischemia, the presence of ambulatory and asymptomatic ischemia on ambulatory electrocardiographic (ECG) Holter monitoring and stable anginal symptoms. Patients received maximally tolerated dose of sustained release propranolol (mean 293 ...
Angina - MedHelps Angina Center for Information, Symptoms, Resources, Treatments and Tools for Angina. Find Angina information, treatments for Angina and Angina symptoms.
Angina pectoris,Types as stable,unstable and even Microvascular,Signs and Symptoms,Risk factors,Diagnosis,Life Style Modification and Prinzmetal Angina
Angina is the medical term used to describe the sharp, crushing pain that one experiences when there is a limited supply of blood to the heart causing the latter to be deprived of much needed oxygen. In most cases, the angina can be felt in the chest and can radiate towards the limbs. Most medical professionals do not treat angina as a disease on its own. Instead, it is seen as a sign or a symptom of an even more serious heart condition such as Coronary Heart Disease, or what most people refer to as CHD. In a CHD, there is a build up of plaque along the walls of the arteries. This causes narrowing of the path where the oxygen-rich blood can pass through.. Although most people see angina as only one kind, there is actually four major types of angina that a person might suffer from. Of these four, it is the stable angina that is considered to be the most common. In a stable angina, the onset is pretty much predictable. For one, a stable angina typically takes place only after too much physical ...
He presented his findings Nov. 17 at the American Heart Association Scientific Sessions 2009.. Out of the estimated 1 million people in the U.S. who suffer from chronic, severe angina - chest pain due to blocked arteries - about 300,000 cannot be helped by any traditional medical treatment such as angioplasty, bypass surgery or stents. This is called intractable or severe angina, the severity of which is designated by classes. The subjects in Losordos study were class 3 or 4, meaning they had chest pain from normal to minimal activities, such as from brushing their teeth or even resting.. The stem cell transplant is the first therapy to produce an improvement in severe angina subjects ability to walk on a treadmill. Twelve months after the procedure, the transplant subjects were able to double their improvement on a treadmill compared to the placebo group. It also took twice as long until they experienced angina pain on a treadmill compared to the placebo group, and, when they felt pain, it ...
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Your heart muscle is working all the time, so it needs a constant supply of oxygen. This oxygen is provided by the coronary arteries, which carry blood.. When the heart muscle has to work harder, it needs more oxygen. Symptoms of angina occur when the coronary arteries are narrowed or blocked by hardening of the arteries (atherosclerosis), or by a blood clot.. The most common cause of angina is coronary heart disease (CHD). Angina pectoris is the medical term for this type of chest pain.. Stable angina is less serious than unstable angina, but it can be very painful or uncomfortable.. There are many risk factors for coronary heart disease. Some include:. ...
Cathy suffers from unstable angina pectoris and has had one pre-heart attack. Hi! I am Cathy and 68 years old. Independence is the most important thing
An episode of angina does not indicate that a heart attack is occurring, or that a heart attack is about to occur. Angina does indicate, however, that coronary heart disease is present and that some part of the heart is not receiving an adequate blood supply. Persons with angina have an increased risk of heart attack.. A person who has angina should note the patterns of his or her symptoms--what causes the chest pain, what it feels like, how long episodes usually last, and whether medication relieves the pain. Call for medical assistance if the angina episode symptoms change sharply.. ...
Stress and emotion may increase the risk of Angina pectoris, a symptoms of schemic heart disease. According to the study of Emotional triggering of cardiac events at the University College London. Dr Steptoe A, and the research team indicated that the psychobiological processes underlying emotional triggering may include stress-induced haemodynamic responses, autonomic dysfunction and parasympathetic withdrawal, neuroendocrine activation, inflammatory responses involving cytokines and chemokines, and prothrombotic responses, notably platelet activation. These factors in turn promote coronary plaque disruption, myocardial ischaemia, cardiac dysrhythmia and thrombus formation(9). Music listening may have a beneficial effect on blood pressure, heart rate, respiratory rate, anxiety, and pain in persons with CHD. However, the quality of the evidence is not strong and the clinical significance unclear. Most studies examined the effects of listening to pre-recorded music. More research is needed on the ...
Have angioplasty for stable angina, along with taking medicines and making healthy lifestyle changes. Take medicines and make lifestyle changes to treat stable angina. This is called medical therapy. This decision aid is for people who have coronary artery disease and stable angina. This means that your angina...
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44 percent who reported daily or weekly angina had significant anxiety; two-thirds had significant depression.. Average age of the study group was 63 years old, and patients with more frequent angina were more likely to be younger. Patients with more frequent chest pain were more likely to report exertional angina during treadmill testing.. Patients were given the Seattle Angina questionnaire to determine the frequency of angina before stress testing and were given psychosocial assessments including a self reported anxiety and depression questionnaire.. The frequency of angina was strongly linked with anxiety and depression, but the study didnt establish cause, Sullivan said. "It is unclear whether these psychosocial factors are truly affecting the anginal response to ischemia or if the increased chest pain burden is causing an intensification in psychosocial distress.". In the United States the primary goal in treating ischemia has been medication and revascularization procedures to reduce ...
List of causes of A persistent coma and Angina, alternative diagnoses, rare causes, misdiagnoses, patient stories, and much more.
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Angina is the clinical manifestation of myocardial ischemia and is most often due to coronary stenosis. The management of stable ischemic heart disease requires treatment aimed at both symptom relief and reduction of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality related to atherosclerosis. Risk-factor modification and medical therapy to prevent acute ischemic events and disease progression should be initiated after diagnosis. Patients with symptoms refractory to medical therapy, high-risk stress test results, or anatomic findings have an indication for coronary revascularization.
The chest pain and discomfort common with angina may be described as pressure, squeezing, fullness or pain in the center of your chest. Some people with angina symptoms describe angina as feeling like a vise is squeezing their chest or feeling like a heavy weight has been placed on their chest. For others, it may feel like indigestion. ...
Results 108 patients with unstable angina and 121 patients with stable angina pectoris were compared, we found patients with unstable angina platelet activating factor was significantly higher than those with stable angina before PCI (p,0.05). The levels of platelet-activating factor were significantly increased after PCI, 10 min to reach the peak, then back to normal at 30 min, both had the same trend. The levels of TXB2 in unstable angina group were clearly higher than those with stable angina before PCI, both significantly increased after PCI, 10 min to peak, 30 min down to preoperative levels; and 6-keto-PGF1a in both groups showed a transient ischaemic decline, 10 min to restore to the preoperative level after PCI.. ...
Then I did some reading. New York Times? Are you kidding, Jed?. The study: Percutaneous coronary intervention in stable angina (ORBITA): a double-blind, randomised controlled trial. I have not read the full paper. Maybe I will, but the results are not surprising to me. Your usage of this paper is iffy, your comment actually assumes that the "placebo effect" works (for relief of pain).. I have "stable angina." That indicates that angina is transient and disappears when exercise stops. I would not have a stent placed "for relief from angina." There is a far more effective treatment, far less expensive, with fewer complications if done with care: exercise. The measure of "pain relief" in the study was increased exercise time. That is, when I exercise, if I get severe angina, I stop. If Im getting angina at all, even barely detectable, I dont increase the time or intensity.. What has happened over the year is that angina is rare, and exercise duration or intensity is gradually raised. Thats the ...
Coronary artery disease (CAD), also known as ischemic heart disease (IHD), is a group of diseases that includes: stable angina, unstable angina, myocardial infarction, and sudden coronary death. It is within the group of cardiovascular diseases of which it is the most common type. A common symptom is chest pain or discomfort which may travel into the shoulder, arm, back, neck, or jaw. Occasionally it may feel like heartburn. Usually symptoms occur with exercise or emotional stress, last less than a few minutes, and get better with rest. Shortness of breath may also occur and sometimes no symptoms are present. The first sign is occasionally a heart attack. Other complications include heart failure or an irregular heartbeat. ...
Influence long-term mortality after a heart attack?. Although medication which decreases the risk of angina attacks (chest pain caused by blockage of the arteries that supply the heart), are frequently prescribed in patients who have sustained a myocardial infarction, the possible influence of medication on long-term survival is not known, with the exception of beta-blocking agents, which have been shown to decrease mortality in clinical trials performed 30 years ago. Because antianginal drugs also protect the myocardium against ischemia (insufficient oxygen delivery to the heart muscle), there is a possibility that they may improve the prognosis of patients having suffered a heart attack. There are several classes of antianginal medications, which act through different mechanisms and therefore may have different effects on the clinical prognosis of patients.. The French registry of Acute ST-elevation and non-ST-elevation Myocardial Infarction (FAST-MI), is a nationwide survey of patients ...
BACKGROUND: The iPOWER study aims at determining whether routine assessment of coronary microvascular dysfunction (CMD) in women with angina and no obstructive coronary artery disease is feasible and identifies women at risk. METHODS: All women with angina referred to invasive angiographic assessment in Eastern Denmark are invited to join the study according to in- and exclusion criteria. Assessment includes demographic, clinical and psychosocial data, symptoms, electrocardiogram, blood- and urine samples and transthoracic echocardiography during rest and dipyridamol stress with measurement of coronary flow reserve (CFR) by Doppler of the left anterior descending artery. In substudies CMD will be assessed by positron emission tomography, peripheral endothelial function, magnetic resonance imaging-and computed tomography derived myocardial perfusion scans, angiographic corrected TIMI frame counts, advanced echocardiographic modalities at rest and during stress, and invasive measures of CFR and ...
Angina is the medical term for chest pain caused by the heart. Learn more about whether your chest pain is angina, as well as how to handle angina symptoms.
Angina pectoris (or simply angina) is recurring chest pain or discomfort that happens when some part of the heart does not receive enough blood and oxygen.. Angina is a symptom of coronary heart disease (CHD), which occurs when arteries that carry blood to the heart become narrowed and blocked due to atherosclerosis or a blood clot.. Angina pectoris occurs when the heart muscle (myocardium) does not receive an adequate amount of blood and oxygen needed for a given level of work (insufficient blood supply is called ischemia).. Each individual may experience symptoms differently. However, the most common symptoms of angina are a pressing, squeezing, or crushing pain. This pain is usually in the chest under the breast bone. Pain may also occur in the upper back, both arms, neck, or ear lobes In some cases, pain may radiate into the arms, shoulder, jaw, neck, and/or back. Shortness of breath, weakness, and or/fatigue may also occur.. The chest pain associated with angina usually begins with physical ...
To determine gender differences and predictors of all-cause mortality (30 days and 1 year) after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with stable angina pectoris and acute coronary syndrome (non ST-elevation myocardial infarction/unstable angina pectoris and ST-elevation myocardial infarction) in the British Cardiovascular Intervention Society (BCIS) and Swedish Coronary Angiography and Angioplasty Registry (SCAAR) data sets, an analysis of prospectively collected data from 2007 to 2011 was performed. In total, 458,261 patients (BCIS: n = 368,492 [25.9% women]; Sweden: n = 89,769 [27.2% women]) who underwent PCI were included in this analysis. Using multiple regression analysis, in the BCIS registry, female gender was an independent predictor of all-cause mortality at 30 days (odds ratio [OR] 1.15, 95% CI 1.10 to 1.22, p ,0.0001) and at 1 year (OR 1.08, 95% CI 1.04 to 1.12, p ,0.0001) after PCI for all patients. Likewise, in the SCAAR registry, female gender was an independent ...
For long-term treatment and prevention of coronary heart disease and as emergency treatment of angina pectoris. Protects vascular endothelial cell, slows atherosis, significantly relieving symptoms of coronary angina pectoris to improve myocardial blood supply, reducing risk of angina pectoris while decreasing the area of myocardial infarction. Aids the left ventricular reconstitution after myocardial infarction and promotes angiogenesis. Replenishes qi to strengthen heart ...
Use: initiated at low doses and dose is Ý if necessary; 2 or 3 tablets may be necessary to relieve an attack but if the episode does not reside the patient may be having an MI therefore patients should be advised not to take more than 2-3 tablets for a single attack ...
A not-so-painful review of the basics of the disease and the indications for treatment. Learn the details of the therapeutics and the clinical indications guiding therapy choice.
... is the most common form of angina and typically occurs with exertion and goes away with rest. If chest discomfort is a new symptom for you, its important to see your doctor to find out whats causing your chest pain and to get proper treatment. If your stable angina gets worse or changes, seek medical attention immediately ...
CHICAGO --- The largest national stem cell study for heart disease showed the first evidence that transplanting a potent form of adult stem cells into the heart muscle of subjects with severe angina results in less pain and an improved ability to walk. The transplant subjects also experienced fewer deaths than those who didnt receive stem cells. In the 12-month Phase II, double-blind trial, subjects own purified stem cells, called CD34+ cells, were injected into their hearts in an effort to spur the growth of small blood vessels that make up the microcirculation of the heart muscle. Researchers believe the loss of these blood vessels contributes to the pain of chronic, severe angina.. "This is the first study to show significant benefit in pain reduction and improved exercise capacity in this population with very advanced heart disease," said principal investigator Douglas Losordo, M.D., the Eileen M. Foell Professor of Heart Research at the Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine ...
|h2|Introduction|/h2| |p|Stable angina is the most common manifestation of coronary heart disease. While considered relatively benign in terms of progn ...
Definition Clinical syndrome characterized by discomfort in the chest, jaw, shoulder, back or arm Typically aggravated by exertion or emotional stress and relieved by nitroglycerin.
Angina, also called angina pectoris, is a recurring discomfort or pain in the chest that occurs when an inadequate supply of blood reaches the heart muscle. Angina is not a heart attack, though the symptoms are similar. It is a warning sign of a more serious condition, usually coronary artery disease. ...
Preoperative evaluation. I. Circulatory status - evaluation of cardiac function. 1. Does the history of angina result in unusual risk to anesthesia and this surgery? Explain.. 2. Is additional workup needed?. 3. What tests do you want? Explain.. 4. How would you manage his preoperative cardiovascular drugs? Explain your rationale.. 5. How do nitrates cause antianginal effects?. Beneficial antianginal effects are a result of platelet effects, reducing myocardial demand, and increasing coronary perfusion. Nitric oxide inhibits platelet aggregation, venodilation decreases venous return and thus decreases left ventricular filling pressures, wall tension, and myocardial oxygen demand. Coronary spasm is relieved, and epicardial coronaries, collaterals, and stenotic segments dilate.. II. Assessment of cerebral blood flow. 1. What is the significance of transient ischemic attacks?. 2. Discuss cerebral vs cardiac etiologies.. 3. How will you assess this patient preoperatively?. 4. What significant ...
Background and aim : Unstable angina, a common serious clinical entity, is associated with a high rate of complications. The aim of our study was to evaluate treatment costs of patients with uncomplicated and complicated follow-up in order to evaluate the economic consequences of new therapeutic strategies, like the introduction of GPIIb/Illa...
The term cardiovascular disease covers a variety of diseases of the heart and blood vessels. Heres a glossary of some commonly used terms:. Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) includes unstable angina (where a person with coronary heart disease experiences chest pain unpredictably, sometimes at rest) and heart attack (myocardial infarction). Angina or angina pectoris is the name given to the chest pain experienced by people who have coronary heart disease. In stable angina pain is triggered by exertion and usually goes away with rest.. Arteriosclerosis is a condition where the arteries have lost their elasticity and have become stiff.. Atheroma is the name given to the fatty plaques which can build up in the coronary arteries.. Atherosclerosis is the name given to a condition where there are fatty plaques present as well as a stiffening of the arteries.. Coronary heart disease (ischaemic heart disease or coronary artery disease) is a condition where the coronary arteries (the blood vessels ...
While a number of causes of true cardiac pain may be eliminated by improvement in any loss of compensation by improvement of the heart tone by more or less recovery from myocardial or endocardial inflammation and by the w.
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INTRODUCTION: Treatment of co-morbidities, including bronchial asthma (BA) and coronary heart disease (CHD), is a relevant issue of modern therapy. The aim of the research is to study the impact of long-term intake of pioglitazone on the development of inflammation and ED in patients with BA concurrent with CHD. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The clinical study involved 50 people aged 40-75 who suffered from asthma concurrent with CHD. On the first day of the study, blood samples were collected and clinical examinations were performed, after which patients were randomized and divided into the control group who continued to receive only the standard therapy, and the study group, who received pioglitazone (Pioglar, Ranbaxy, India) 15 mg once a day along with comprehensive therapy ...
You may have no problems when you are at rest; however, if you are doing some exercise or something that requires the heart to pump harder, it can cause a cramp-like central chest pain which is called... ...
TOPROL-XL Treatment For Hypertension And Angina Pectoris. Users of the beta blocker TOPROL-XL, treatment for as hypertension and angina pectoris.
Cardiology news, research and treatment articles offering cardiology healthcare professionals cardiology information and resources to keep them informed.
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When I received my IONS Bulletin and read that the Institute was interested in hearing from members on exploring service, I thought this would be a great opportunity to tell of my experiences with the International Foundation of Bio-Magnetics. IFBM is a nonprofit, tax-exempt educational foundation that teaches and ministers sessions in Bio-Magnetic-Touch Healing. What interested me in the technique was that it helped to activate the bodys natural ability to heal itself, that it was simple, and the sessions were free. I decided to give it a try.. When I first came into the Honolulu Center I had chronic neck and shoulder pain. I was overweight and I basically felt pretty sorry for myself. In the sessions the practitioners used the first two fingers of each hand and touched different points on my body. They touched me so lightly; it was like a butterfly landing on my skin. After several sessions my pain decreased. I could start and stick with an exercise program, and I generally felt much better ...
CurePages is one of the most respected not for profit portals to Medical and cure information on the internet. Here, you will find information about cures, treatments, remedies, therapies, alternative medicines to prevent, treat, heal and cure diseases, illnesess, and related health problems. The content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment in any way ...
s founding women is a preachers nightmare. Not even NT writers, for all their fantastically imaginative exegesis, will touch it (outside acknowledging that it really happened, Mt 1:2; Ac 7:8). But that makes this story the perfect postpropositionalist attempt. After all, the more time-bound the details of the story are the more broad the timeless principle must be to bridge the historic, societal, cultural, economic, scientific, linguistic gap between "them" and "us".. Traditionally the timeless truth of this text might be, God is sovereign over all things (or moralistically Jacobs treatment of Leah or the sisters treatment of each other). Without demonizing propositionalism, several things are troubling about this interpretation. First, what becomes important is the timeless principle and not the narrative fluff - Genesis 30 is a verbose, round about way of saying what Ive been able to say in six words. Second and similarly, it has the adverse affect of flattening the text and sucking the ...
s founding women is a preachers nightmare. Not even NT writers, for all their fantastically imaginative exegesis, will touch it (outside acknowledging that it really happened, Mt 1:2; Ac 7:8). But that makes this story the perfect postpropositionalist attempt. After all, the more time-bound the details of the story are the more broad the timeless principle must be to bridge the historic, societal, cultural, economic, scientific, linguistic gap between "them" and "us".. Traditionally the timeless truth of this text might be, God is sovereign over all things (or moralistically Jacobs treatment of Leah or the sisters treatment of each other). Without demonizing propositionalism, several things are troubling about this interpretation. First, what becomes important is the timeless principle and not the narrative fluff - Genesis 30 is a verbose, round about way of saying what Ive been able to say in six words. Second and similarly, it has the adverse affect of flattening the text and sucking the ...
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer ...
A total of 90 patients were enrolled in this study. Sixteen patients (17.8%) fulfilled the criteria for periprocedural myocardial injury and were excluded from the final analysis. No patient had significant hypotension or arrhythmia after PCI. During the 10-mo follow-up, three patients presented with recurrent angina symptoms for target vessel restenosis or nontarget vessel new stenosis progression. These patients underwent unplanned PCI and were excluded from the final analysis, leaving 71 lesions in 71 patients in the final analysis.. Pre-PCI IMR values ranged from 6.3 to 99.1, with a median value of 19.8. Median post-PCI and follow-up IMR values were 16.2 and 14.8, respectively. Serial IMR changes are shown in Fig. 1 and Table 1. A significant difference in IMR values was observed in the serial measurements (P , 0.001), and post hoc analysis showed significant differences in the IMR between pre-PCI and post-PCI, and between pre-PCI and follow-up [median difference 3.8 (IQR, −1.7-11.3), and ...
Mortality rates for cardiovascular disease are higher in women than in men, but studies of women have been conducted less frequently. Current pharmacological and nonpharmacological treatment options for women with stable angina are reviewed.
If your chest pain lasts longer than a few minutes and doesnt go away when you rest or take your angina medications, it may be a sign youre having a heart attack. Call 911 or emergency medical help. Arrange for transportation. Only drive yourself to the hospital as a last resort.. Angina is caused by reduced blood flow to your heart muscle. Your blood carries oxygen, which your heart muscle needs to survive. When your heart muscle isnt getting enough oxygen, it causes a condition called ischemia.. The most common cause of reduced blood flow to your heart muscle is coronary artery disease (CAD). Your heart (coronary) arteries can become narrowed by deposits called plaques. This is called atherosclerosis.. This reduced blood flow is a supply problem - your heart is not getting enough oxygen-rich blood. You may wonder why you dont always have angina if your heart arteries are narrowed due to fatty buildup. This is because during times of low oxygen demand - when youre resting, for example - ...
If your chest pain lasts longer than a few minutes and doesnt go away when you rest or take your angina medications, it may be a sign youre having a heart attack. Call 911 or emergency medical help. Arrange for transportation. Only drive yourself to the hospital as a last resort.. Angina is caused by reduced blood flow to your heart muscle. Your blood carries oxygen, which your heart muscle needs to survive. When your heart muscle isnt getting enough oxygen, it causes a condition called ischemia.. The most common cause of reduced blood flow to your heart muscle is coronary artery disease (CAD). Your heart (coronary) arteries can become narrowed by deposits called plaques. This is called atherosclerosis.. This reduced blood flow is a supply problem - your heart is not getting enough oxygen-rich blood. You may wonder why you dont always have angina if your heart arteries are narrowed due to fatty buildup. This is because during times of low oxygen demand - when youre resting, for example - ...
Radcliffe Cardiology article authored by Daria Frestad covering topics - Stable angina pectoris, no obstructive coronary artery disease, coronary microvascular disease & on other cardiology field
... Angina pain is not a heart attack. Angina pain means that some of the heart muscles have not been getting enough blood temporarily â€
I saw a cardiologist a few months ago. She said my symptoms didnt sound like angina because angina pain is usually the same each time it happens. Does anyone have any views on her comment about ang...
What is Angina? From the Latin angere, which means to choke, angina refers to pain and intense pressure in the chest. The sensations are produced by inadequate blood flow to the muscles of the heart, leaving them starving for oxygen. Angina is one o
Angina is not a heart attack, but it does increase your risk of having a heart attack. Know the ways using which you can cope with Angina.
Angina can be a painful chronic condition but with angina medications & treatments those with angina can reduce pain. Get more info & browse our Rx discounts.
Former president Lee Teng-hui (李登輝) missed a court date for a corruption case yesterday due to an angina attack, but he was said to be in stable condition after treatment.
Looking for online definition of angina pectoris variant in the Medical Dictionary? angina pectoris variant explanation free. What is angina pectoris variant? Meaning of angina pectoris variant medical term. What does angina pectoris variant mean?
Felodipine, a dihydropyridine calcium-channel blocker, is used alone or with an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor, to treat hypertension, chronic stable angina pectoris, and Prinzmetals variant angina. Felodipine is similar to other peripheral vasodilators. Felodipine inhibits the influx of extra cellular calcium across the myocardial and vascular smooth muscle cell membranes blocking the calcium channels. The decrease in intracellular calcium inhibits the contractile processes of the myocardial smooth muscle cells, causing dilation of the coronary and systemic arteries, increased oxygen delivery to the myocardial tissue, decreased total peripheral resistance, decreased systemic blood pressure, and decreased afterload ...
When performing TMR, a qualified cardiac surgeon delivers a precise laser therapy directly to the target area(s) of the heart muscle. When performed as a primary therapy, it is done through a small incision between the ribs (thoracotomy) with the patient under general anesthesia. Transmyocardial laser revascularization (TMR) can also be performed as a secondary procedure in patients that have ischemic heart disease with areas of the heart that cannot be bypassed. The precise laser therapy is delivered to create small channels into the heart chamber. During a typical procedure, approximately 10-50 channels are made in each targeted region of the heart muscle.. The channels in the heart muscle seal over almost immediately with little blood loss while the new channels allow fresh blood to perfuse the heart wall immediately.. The Heart Laser uses a computer to direct laser beams to the appropriate area of the heart in between heartbeats when the ventricle is filled with blood and the heart is ...
Vasospastic angina is caused by sudden occlusive vasoconstriction of a segment of an epicardial artery, which can present with a wide spectrum of clinical scenario. We report the cases of two patients diagnosed with vasospastic angina, with one of which presenting with sudden cardiac arrest, while the other presenting with a relatively benign syncope. But both of them have J waves formation on ECG during active ischemia. The diagnosis and management of vasospastic angina, as well as the proposed clinical significance of J waves during coronary spasm are discussed. ...
BACKGROUND Transmyocardial laser revascularization (TMR) has been demonstrated effective for relieving angina, although prior studies have yielded inconsistent results regarding postoperative myocardial perfusion and function. This study evaluated long-term changes in myocardial perfusion and contractile reserve after TMR in a model of hibernating myocardium. METHODS Miniswine had subtotal left circumflex coronary artery occlusion to reduce resting blood flow to 10% of baseline. After 2 weeks in the low-flow state, positron emission tomography and dobutamine stress echocardiography were performed to document ischemic, viable (hibernating) myocardium in the left circumflex distribution. Animals then had sham redo thoracotomy (n = 4) or TMR (n = 6). Six months later the positron emission tomography and dobutamine stress echocardiography studies were repeated. RESULTS Myocardial blood flow in the left circumflex distribution as measured by positron emission tomography was significantly reduced in all
Looking for online definition of Angina (disambiguation) in the Medical Dictionary? Angina (disambiguation) explanation free. What is Angina (disambiguation)? Meaning of Angina (disambiguation) medical term. What does Angina (disambiguation) mean?
The Global Percutaneous Transluminal Coronary Angioplasty (PTCA) Balloon Catheters Market Research Report provides detailed analysis of the key regional market status of the Percutaneous Transluminal Coronary Angioplasty (PTCA) Balloon Catheters Industry.. In this report, the global Percutaneous Transluminal Coronary Angioplasty (PTCA) Balloon Catheters market is valued at USD XX million in 2016 and is expected to reach USD XX million by the end of 2022, growing at a CAGR of XX% between 2016 and 2022.. Geographically, this report split global into several key Regions, with sales (K Units), revenue (Million USD), market share and growth rate of Percutaneous Transluminal Coronary Angioplasty (PTCA) Balloon Catheters for these regions, from 2012 to 2022 (forecast), ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Calcitonin gene-related peptide in experimental ischemia. Implication of an endogenous anti-ischemic effect. AU - Gherardini, Giulio. AU - Evans, Gregory R D. AU - Theodorsson, Elvar. AU - Gurlek, Ali. AU - Milner, Stephen M.. AU - Palmer, Björn. AU - Lundeberg, Thomas. PY - 1996. Y1 - 1996. N2 - Ischemia resulting from flap harvesting and vascular manipulation during microsurgery may be responsible for flap ischemic sufferance and, ultimately, necrosis. Recently, the regulatory role of the sensory nervous system in ischemia has attracted much interest. Calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), a neuropeptide, is a naturally occurring vasodilator with no constrictive effects. In the present study, we developed a model of partial, chronic ischemia in the rat epigastric flap and investigated the effects of ischemia on concentrations of CGRP-like immunoreactivity (-LI) in ischemic skin and in different regions of the rat brain (striatum, hippocampus, pituitary, hypothalamus, and ...
Heart attack treatment may involve primary percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA). Heart attack treatment information developed by physicians.

ANGINA PECTORIS | The BMJANGINA PECTORIS | The BMJ

ANGINA PECTORIS. Br Med J 1906; 1 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.1.2357.535-a (Published 03 March 1906) Cite this as: Br Med ...
more infohttp://www.bmj.com/content/1/2357/535.2

Angina Pectoris Differential DiagnosesAngina Pectoris Differential Diagnoses

Angina is a common presenting symptom (typically, chest pain) among patients with coronary artery disease. ... Angina pectoris is the result of myocardial ischemia caused by an imbalance between myocardial blood supply and oxygen demand. ... encoded search term (Angina%20Pectoris) and Angina Pectoris What to Read Next on Medscape. Medscape Consult. ... Angina Pectoris Differential Diagnoses. Updated: Dec 14, 2017 * Author: Jamshid Alaeddini, MD, FACC, FHRS; Chief Editor: Eric H ...
more infohttps://emedicine.medscape.com/article/150215-differential

Angina PectorisAngina Pectoris

... , Angina, Myocardial Ischemia, Ischemic Heart Disease, Stable Angina. ... angina pectoris, Angina syndrome, Angina of effort, Angina NOS, Angina Pectoris [Disease/Finding], pectoris angina, Pain;angina ... Stable Angina Pectori, Stable Anginas, Angina Pectoris, Stable, Angina Pectori, Stable, Pectoris, Stable Angina, Angina, ... stabiele angina pectoris German. stabile Angina pectoris, Chronische stabile Angina, Angina, stabile, Angina pectoris, stabile ...
more infohttps://fpnotebook.com/CV/CAD/AngnPctrs.htm

Angina Pectoris (Stable Angina)Angina Pectoris (Stable Angina)

... also known as stable angina, is the medical term for chest pain or discomfort due to coronary heart disease. ... Track your angina symptoms with our Angina Log.. Treatment of Angina Pectoris. People with angina pectoris or sometimes ... View an animation of angina.. When does angina pectoris occur?. Angina often occurs when the heart muscle itself needs more ... You may have heard the term "angina pectoris" or "stable angina" in your doctors office, but what is it, and what could it ...
more infohttp://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Conditions/HeartAttack/SymptomsDiagnosisofHeartAttack/Angina-Pectoris-Stable-Angina_UCM_437515_Article.jsp

Treatment of angina pectoris. | The BMJTreatment of angina pectoris. | The BMJ

Treatment of angina pectoris.. Br Med J 1969; 2 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.2.5657.634-a (Published 07 June 1969) Cite ...
more infohttp://www.bmj.com/content/2/5657/634.1

Angina PectorisAngina Pectoris

Overview of Angina Pectoris. Related Tests: CK-MB, AST, Troponin. Chest pain; usually a symptom of myocardial ischemia. Types: ... Angina Pectoris is a term for chest pain caused by the heart not getting enough oxygen. This lack of oxygen is also called ... Variant angina (Prinzmetals angina) almost always occurs during periods of rest - usually at night. The cause is a spasm of a ... There are three main types of angina:. *Stable angina is characterised by predictable periods of discomfort that occur during ...
more infohttps://labtestsonline.org.uk/conditions/angina-pectoris

Angina Pectoris Clinical Presentation: History, Physical ExaminationAngina Pectoris Clinical Presentation: History, Physical Examination

Angina is a common presenting symptom (typically, chest pain) among patients with coronary artery disease. ... Angina pectoris is the result of myocardial ischemia caused by an imbalance between myocardial blood supply and oxygen demand. ... Angina Pectoris) and Angina Pectoris What to Read Next on Medscape. Related Conditions and Diseases. * Angina Pectoris ... Angina decubitus. Angina decubitus is a variant of angina pectoris that occurs at night while the patient is recumbent. Some ...
more infohttps://emedicine.medscape.com/article/150215-clinical

Angina PectorisAngina Pectoris

... Conditions We Treat. Angina pectoris (or simply angina) is recurring chest pain or discomfort that happens ... Treatment of angina pectoris. Specific treatment for angina pectoris will be determined by the doctor based on:. * Your age, ... What are the symptoms of angina pectoris?. Angina pectoris occurs when the heart muscle (myocardium) does not receive an ... Angina pectoris and heart attack risk. An episode of angina does not indicate that a heart attack is occurring, or that a heart ...
more infohttp://www.lakelandhealth.org/medical-services/cardiology-services/heart-conditions/angina-pectoris

Reversible Cardiac Failure During Angina Pectoris | CirculationReversible Cardiac Failure During Angina Pectoris | Circulation

Reversible Cardiac Failure During Angina Pectoris. Hemodynamic Effects of Atrial Pacing in Coronary Artery Disease. JOHN O. ... The normal subjects and the patients with coronary artery disease who did not experience angina during pacing reacted similarly ... The average left ventricular end-diastolic pressure during pacing in the 21 patients who developed angina was similar to ...
more infohttp://circ.ahajournals.org/content/39/6/745

Understanding Angina Pectoris | St. Davids HealthCareUnderstanding Angina Pectoris | St. David's HealthCare

Learn more about Understanding Angina Pectoris at St. Davids HealthCare movietranscript function replaceEmbed(anmationName... ... When your heart isnt getting enough oxygen you may experience chest pain or discomfort called angina pectoris. Angina (an-gin- ... A sudden change in the pattern of your angina or angina which occurs without any cause or trigger could signal unstable angina ... When you have angina, you may notice that certain activities trigger your angina symptoms. Recognizing triggers and symptoms is ...
more infohttps://stdavids.com/hl/?/889646/Understanding-Angina-Pectoris

Cardiac hemangioma presenting with angina pectoris.Cardiac hemangioma presenting with angina pectoris.

A 60-year-old female presented with a two-year history of exertional chest pain and progressive dyspnea. Resection of a cardiac hemangioma arising from the area of the bifurcation of the left anterior descending and circumflex coronary arteries resul
more infohttp://www.biomedsearch.com/nih/Cardiac-Hemangioma-Presenting-with-Angina/20678113.html

Surgery Handbook Dent10 (2) | Hepatitis | Angina PectorisSurgery Handbook Dent10 (2) | Hepatitis | Angina Pectoris

Stable angina Unstable angina (acute coronary syndrome) Cardiac syndrome X (microvascular angina) Decubitus angina Vasospastic ... 1. ANGINA PECTORIS Episodes of chest pain caused by myocardial ischaemia secondary to CAD Severity and prognosis : degree of ... INDEX 1. Angina Pectoris 2. Myocardial Infarction 3. Congestive Heart Failure 4. Hypertensive 5. Rheumatic Fever 6. Infective ... angina at rest or sudden onset with rapid increase in severity : clinical features of angina but normal coronary arteries on ...
more infohttps://www.scribd.com/document/186747615/Surgery-Handbook-Dent10-2

Capadenoson in Angina Pectoris - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.govCapadenoson in Angina Pectoris - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov

Angina Pectoris. Angina, Stable. Chest Pain. Pain. Neurologic Manifestations. Nervous System Diseases. Myocardial Ischemia. ... Capadenoson in Angina Pectoris. This study has been withdrawn prior to enrollment. ... Stable angina of mild-moderate intensity (Canadian class II-III) with anti-anginal medication not changed for the last 5 weeks ... Chronic Stable Angina Drug: Capadenoson (BAY 68-4986) Drug: Placebo Phase 2 ...
more infohttps://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT00518921

Angina pectoris - definition of angina pectoris by The Free DictionaryAngina pectoris - definition of angina pectoris by The Free Dictionary

angina pectoris synonyms, angina pectoris pronunciation, angina pectoris translation, English dictionary definition of angina ... pectoris. n. Severe paroxysmal pain in the chest associated with an insufficient supply of blood to the heart. n. a sensation ... Angina pectoris - definition of angina pectoris by The Free Dictionary https://www.thefreedictionary.com/angina+pectoris ... New Latin : Latin angina, quinsy + pectoris, genitive of pectus, chest.]. angi′na pec′to•ris. (ˈpɛk tə rɪs) n. a sensation of ...
more infohttps://www.thefreedictionary.com/angina+pectoris

Adalat User Reviews for Angina Pectoris Prophylaxis at Drugs.comAdalat User Reviews for Angina Pectoris Prophylaxis at Drugs.com

Reviews and ratings for adalat when used in the treatment of angina pectoris prophylaxis. Share your experience with this ... Angina Pectoris Prophylaxis aspirin, metoprolol, diltiazem, atenolol, nitroglycerin, Nitrostat, isosorbide mononitrate, ... Reviews for Adalat to treat Angina Pectoris Prophylaxis. No reviews have yet been submitted. Be the first to review this drug. ...
more infohttps://www.drugs.com/comments/nifedipine/adalat-for-angina-pectoris-prophylaxis.html

angina pectoris facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about angina pectorisangina pectoris facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about angina pectoris

Make research projects and school reports about angina pectoris easy with credible articles from our FREE, online encyclopedia ... and pictures about angina pectoris at Encyclopedia.com. ... angina of effort and variant angina.. Angina of effort Angina ... angina †quinsy XVI; short for angina pectoris XVIII. - L. angina quinsy - Gr. agkhónē strangling, with assim. to angere (see ... angina of effort and variant angina.. Angina of effort. Angina of effort is a common disorder caused by the narrowing of the ...
more infohttps://www.encyclopedia.com/medicine/diseases-and-conditions/pathology/angina-pectoris

Global Angina Pectoris Drugs Market 2017-2021Global Angina Pectoris Drugs Market 2017-2021

... and risk factors for angina pectoris. Exhibit 03: Diagnosis and treatment of angina pectoris. Exhibit 04: Global angina ... Exhibit 29: Global angina pectoris drugs market share by geography 2016 and 2021. Exhibit 30: Global angina pectoris drugs ... Exhibit 25: Other drug classes used for the treatment of angina pectoris. Exhibit 26: Global angina pectoris drugs market by ... Exhibit 11: Segmentation of global angina pectoris market by drug class 2016 and 2021. Exhibit 12: Global angina pectoris drugs ...
more infohttps://www.researchandmarkets.com/reports/4390867/global-angina-pectoris-drugs-market-2017-2021

Angina pectoris with ConcertaAngina pectoris with Concerta

ANGINA PECTORIS Causes, Patient Concerns and Latest Treatments and Concerta Reports and Side Effects. ... Check out the latest treatments for ANGINA PECTORIS. ➢ ANGINA PECTORIS treatment research studies ... ANGINA PECTORIS Symptoms and Causes. Angina is chest pain or discomfort you feel when there is not enough blood flow to your ... ANGINA PECTORIS Clinical Trials and Studies. Treatments might be new drugs or new combinations of drugs, new surgical ...
more infohttp://patientsville.com/i.htm?q=ANGINA%20PECTORIS&mp=Concerta

Angina Pectoris Expert Witness - HGExperts.comAngina Pectoris Expert Witness - HGExperts.com

Find expert witnesses for Angina Pectoris cases who are providing testimony and opinion in a court of law for plaintiff or ... Angina Pectoris Expert Witnesses. Angina Pectoris Experts Testimony and Legal Consultants. *. Find an Expert Witness:. ...
more infohttp://www.hgexperts.com/expert-witnesses-angina-pectoris

Taztia XT User Reviews for Angina Pectoris Prophylaxis at Drugs.comTaztia XT User Reviews for Angina Pectoris Prophylaxis at Drugs.com

Reviews and ratings for taztia xt when used in the treatment of angina pectoris prophylaxis. Share your experience with this ... Reviews for Taztia XT to treat Angina Pectoris Prophylaxis. No reviews have yet been submitted. Be the first to review this ...
more infohttps://www.drugs.com/comments/diltiazem/taztia-xt-for-angina-pectoris-prophylaxis.html

Angina (angina pectoris) - ProximAngina (angina pectoris) - Proxim

... pectoris). Angina is also variously described as an oppressive sensation in the chest, tingling in the arm or extreme fatigue ... If the heart does not receive enough oxygen, pain (angina) occurs as a sensation of tightening or a burning sensation in the ... Angina (Angina pectoris). The heart is the muscle responsible for pumping blood throughout the body. Blood transports oxygen, ... Can angina be cured?. NO. There is no cure, at present, for angina. It may, however, be controlled by taking these measures:. * ...
more infohttps://www.groupeproxim.ca/en/article/disease/angina-angina-pectoris

Angina (Angina Pectoris) - Pipeline Review, H1 2018Angina (Angina Pectoris) - Pipeline Review, H1 2018

Angina (Angina Pectoris) - Dormant Projects. Angina (Angina Pectoris) - Discontinued Products. Angina (Angina Pectoris) - ... Angina (Angina Pectoris) - Pipeline by Hemostemix Inc, H1 2018. Angina (Angina Pectoris) - Pipeline by ID Pharma Co Ltd, H1 ... Angina (Angina Pectoris) - Pipeline by Kuhnil Pharmaceutical Co Ltd, H1 2018. Angina (Angina Pectoris) - Pipeline by Sanofi, H1 ... Angina (Angina Pectoris) - Pipeline by TSH Biopharm Corporation Ltd, H1 2018. Angina (Angina Pectoris) - Pipeline by ViroMed Co ...
more infohttps://www.researchandmarkets.com/reports/4473285/angina-angina-pectoris-pipeline-review-h1

Angina Pectoris - AHealthyMe - Blue Cross Blue Shield of MassachusettsAngina Pectoris - AHealthyMe - Blue Cross Blue Shield of Massachusetts

... or simply angina - is chest pain or discomfort that keeps coming back. It happens when some part of your heart does not get ... Angina Pectoris. What is angina pectoris?. Angina pectoris is chest pain or discomfort that occurs when a part of your heart ... Can angina pectoris be prevented?. Keeping up a healthy lifestyle can help to delay or prevent angina pectoris. A healthy ... What causes angina pectoris?. Angina pectoris occurs when your heart muscle (myocardium) does not get enough blood and oxygen. ...
more infohttp://www.ahealthyme.com/Conditions/Neuroscience/85,P00194

Unstable Angina Pectoris « Conditions « AdaUnstable Angina Pectoris « Conditions « Ada

... also known as unstable angina pectoris, is a medical emergency with sudden chest pain or tightness that worsens over a short ... Unstable Angina Pectoris. What is unstable angina pectoris?. Unstable angina, also known as unstable angina pectoris, is a ... Smoking also increases the risk of developing angina.. Symptoms. The typical symptom of angina is a chest pressure or pain that ... Treatment of unstable angina involves short-term measures to reduce pain and long-term measures to reduce the risk of a heart ...
more infohttps://ada.com/conditions/unstable-angina-pectoris/

Angina pectoris and oesophageal angina | GutAngina pectoris and oesophageal angina | Gut

1990) The esophagus as a possible cause of chest pain in patients with and without angina pectoris. Hepatogastroenterology 37: ... I believe that the first question can be answered by the fact that patients with angina pectoris are usually prescribed long ... "Oesophageal angina" in patients with angina pectoris: a possible side effect of chronic therapy with nitroderivatives and Ca- ... because this oesophagocardiac reflex may be the basis for linked angina but not for oesophageal angina and, secondly, because ...
more infohttp://gut.bmj.com/content/45/4/630.1
  • at hospitals, physicians' clinics and at independent centers that treat coronary artery disease, acute angina pectoris , congestive heart failure, effects of heart attack and stroke, diabetes, and a variety of additional vascular diseases. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Surgical laser therapies for treatment of severe angina, chest pain and advanced cardiovascular disease through TMR Transmyocardial Revascularization and PMR Percutaneous Myocardial Revascularization. (dmoztools.net)
  • In the case of angina of effort, the coronary arteries can provide the heart muscle (myocardium) adequate blood during rest but not during periods of exercise, stress , or excitement. (encyclopedia.com)
  • How long does an episode of angina last? (stdavids.com)
  • An episode of angina is not an actual heart attack , but rather pain that results when the heart muscle temporarily receives too little blood. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Emotional stress, extreme temperatures, heavy meals, cigarette smoking , and alcohol can also cause or contribute to an episode of angina. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Angina often occurs when the heart muscle itself needs more blood than it is getting, for example, during times of physical activity or strong emotions. (heart.org)
  • Since angina attacks do not usually last long, how do doctors make a diagnosis if they are not there to witness an attack? (groupeproxim.ca)
  • Looks at angina pectoris and explains what it is, the heart attack risks, diagnosis, treatment and the types. (dmoztools.net)
  • The analysts forecast the global angina pectoris drugs market to grow at a CAGR of 4.05% during the period 2017-2021. (researchandmarkets.com)
  • The report covers the present scenario and the growth prospects of the global angina pectoris drugs market for 2017-2021. (researchandmarkets.com)
  • The report, Global Angina Pectoris Drugs Market 2017-2021, has been prepared based on an in-depth market analysis with inputs from industry experts. (researchandmarkets.com)
  • For angina pectoris drugs market, beta blockers remain the most preferred line of treatment. (researchandmarkets.com)
  • A doctor can identify which type of angina a patient may have based on information obtained from your medical history, and a range of investigations such as electrocardiograms (ECG) and exercise tolerance testing (ETT). (labtestsonline.org.uk)
  • The Company recently initiated the Phase 3 AWARE clinical study (Angiogenesis in Women with Angina pectoris who are not candidates for Revascularization). (thefreedictionary.com)
  • This latest Pharmaceutical and Healthcare disease pipeline guide Angina (Angina Pectoris) - Pipeline Review, H1 2018, provides an overview of the Angina (Angina Pectoris) (Cardiovascular) pipeline landscape. (researchandmarkets.com)
  • Pharmaceutical and Healthcare latest pipeline guide Angina (Angina Pectoris) - Pipeline Review, H1 2018, provides comprehensive information on the therapeutics under development for Angina (Angina Pectoris) (Cardiovascular), complete with analysis by stage of development, drug target, mechanism of action (MoA), route of administration (RoA) and molecule type. (researchandmarkets.com)
  • In 1991, Kounis and Zavras described "the coincidental occurrence of chest pain and allergic reactions accompanied by clinical and laboratory findings of classical angina pectoris caused by inflammatory mediators released during the allergic insult" (1). (thefreedictionary.com)
  • A) Comparison of frequency of angina pectoris events per week stratified by quartile of resting heart rate (p = 0.12). (zanran.com)