Procedure in which patients are induced into an unconscious state through use of various medications so that they do not feel pain during surgery.
A state characterized by loss of feeling or sensation. This depression of nerve function is usually the result of pharmacologic action and is induced to allow performance of surgery or other painful procedures.
A blocking of nerve conduction to a specific area by an injection of an anesthetic agent.
Procedure in which an anesthetic is injected into the epidural space.
Procedure in which an anesthetic is injected directly into the spinal cord.
Anesthesia caused by the breathing of anesthetic gases or vapors or by insufflating anesthetic gases or vapors into the respiratory tract.
Injection of an anesthetic into the nerves to inhibit nerve transmission in a specific part of the body.
Process of administering an anesthetic through injection directly into the bloodstream.
A variety of anesthetic methods such as EPIDURAL ANESTHESIA used to control the pain of childbirth.
The period of emergence from general anesthesia, where different elements of consciousness return at different rates.
A range of methods used to reduce pain and anxiety during dental procedures.
Gases or volatile liquids that vary in the rate at which they induce anesthesia; potency; the degree of circulation, respiratory, or neuromuscular depression they produce; and analgesic effects. Inhalation anesthetics have advantages over intravenous agents in that the depth of anesthesia can be changed rapidly by altering the inhaled concentration. Because of their rapid elimination, any postoperative respiratory depression is of relatively short duration. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual, 1994, p173)
Ultrashort-acting anesthetics that are used for induction. Loss of consciousness is rapid and induction is pleasant, but there is no muscle relaxation and reflexes frequently are not reduced adequately. Repeated administration results in accumulation and prolongs the recovery time. Since these agents have little if any analgesic activity, they are seldom used alone except in brief minor procedures. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual, 1994, p174)
Agents that are administered in association with anesthetics to increase effectiveness, improve delivery, or decrease required dosage.
An intravenous anesthetic agent which has the advantage of a very rapid onset after infusion or bolus injection plus a very short recovery period of a couple of minutes. (From Smith and Reynard, Textbook of Pharmacology, 1992, 1st ed, p206). Propofol has been used as ANTICONVULSANTS and ANTIEMETICS.
A stable, non-explosive inhalation anesthetic, relatively free from significant side effects.
A group of compounds that contain the general formula R-OCH3.
A specialty concerned with the study of anesthetics and anesthesia.
Drugs that block nerve conduction when applied locally to nerve tissue in appropriate concentrations. They act on any part of the nervous system and on every type of nerve fiber. In contact with a nerve trunk, these anesthetics can cause both sensory and motor paralysis in the innervated area. Their action is completely reversible. (From Gilman AG, et. al., Goodman and Gilman's The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics, 8th ed) Nearly all local anesthetics act by reducing the tendency of voltage-dependent sodium channels to activate.
The use of two or more chemicals simultaneously or sequentially to induce anesthesia. The drugs need not be in the same dosage form.
The constant checking on the state or condition of a patient during the course of a surgical operation (e.g., checking of vital signs).
Agents that are capable of inducing a total or partial loss of sensation, especially tactile sensation and pain. They may act to induce general ANESTHESIA, in which an unconscious state is achieved, or may act locally to induce numbness or lack of sensation at a targeted site.
Nitrogen oxide (N2O). A colorless, odorless gas that is used as an anesthetic and analgesic. High concentrations cause a narcotic effect and may replace oxygen, causing death by asphyxia. It is also used as a food aerosol in the preparation of whipping cream.
A nonflammable, halogenated, hydrocarbon anesthetic that provides relatively rapid induction with little or no excitement. Analgesia may not be adequate. NITROUS OXIDE is often given concomitantly. Because halothane may not produce sufficient muscle relaxation, supplemental neuromuscular blocking agents may be required. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual, 1994, p178)
A local anesthetic and cardiac depressant used as an antiarrhythmia agent. Its actions are more intense and its effects more prolonged than those of PROCAINE but its duration of action is shorter than that of BUPIVACAINE or PRILOCAINE.
Inhalation anesthesia where the gases exhaled by the patient are rebreathed as some carbon dioxide is simultaneously removed and anesthetic gas and oxygen are added so that no anesthetic escapes into the room. Closed-circuit anesthesia is used especially with explosive anesthetics to prevent fires where electrical sparking from instruments is possible.
A potent narcotic analgesic, abuse of which leads to habituation or addiction. It is primarily a mu-opioid agonist. Fentanyl is also used as an adjunct to general anesthetics, and as an anesthetic for induction and maintenance. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1078)
Agents that induce various degrees of analgesia; depression of consciousness, circulation, and respiration; relaxation of skeletal muscle; reduction of reflex activity; and amnesia. There are two types of general anesthetics, inhalation and intravenous. With either type, the arterial concentration of drug required to induce anesthesia varies with the condition of the patient, the desired depth of anesthesia, and the concomitant use of other drugs. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual, 1994, p.173)
A widely used local anesthetic agent.
Drugs administered before an anesthetic to decrease a patient's anxiety and control the effects of that anesthetic.
A cyclohexanone derivative used for induction of anesthesia. Its mechanism of action is not well understood, but ketamine can block NMDA receptors (RECEPTORS, N-METHYL-D-ASPARTATE) and may interact with sigma receptors.
Surgery performed on an outpatient basis. It may be hospital-based or performed in an office or surgicenter.
Interruption of NEURAL CONDUCTION in peripheral nerves or nerve trunks by the injection of a local anesthetic agent (e.g., LIDOCAINE; PHENOL; BOTULINUM TOXINS) to manage or treat pain.
A barbiturate that is administered intravenously for the induction of general anesthesia or for the production of complete anesthesia of short duration.
Epidural anesthesia administered via the sacral canal.
A short-acting barbiturate that is effective as a sedative and hypnotic (but not as an anti-anxiety) agent and is usually given orally. It is prescribed more frequently for sleep induction than for sedation but, like similar agents, may lose its effectiveness by the second week of continued administration. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual, 1994, p236)
Intravenous anesthetics that induce a state of sedation, immobility, amnesia, and marked analgesia. Subjects may experience a strong feeling of dissociation from the environment. The condition produced is similar to NEUROLEPTANALGESIA, but is brought about by the administration of a single drug. (From Gilman et al., Goodman and Gilman's The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics, 8th ed)
An extremely stable inhalation anesthetic that allows rapid adjustments of anesthesia depth with little change in pulse or respiratory rate.
An adrenergic alpha-2 agonist used as a sedative, analgesic and centrally acting muscle relaxant in VETERINARY MEDICINE.
A procedure involving placement of a tube into the trachea through the mouth or nose in order to provide a patient with oxygen and anesthesia.
Hospital department responsible for the administration of functions and activities pertaining to the delivery of anesthetics.
A drug-induced depression of consciousness during which patients respond purposefully to verbal commands, either alone or accompanied by light tactile stimulation. No interventions are required to maintain a patent airway. (From: American Society of Anesthesiologists Practice Guidelines)
Complications that affect patients during surgery. They may or may not be associated with the disease for which the surgery is done, or within the same surgical procedure.
Pain during the period after surgery.
The period during a surgical operation.
Medical methods of either relieving pain caused by a particular condition or removing the sensation of pain during a surgery or other medical procedure.
Extraction of the FETUS by means of abdominal HYSTEROTOMY.
A local anesthetic that is similar pharmacologically to LIDOCAINE. Currently, it is used most often for infiltration anesthesia in dentistry.
An intravenous anesthetic with a short duration of action that may be used for induction of anesthesia.
Recording of electric currents developed in the brain by means of electrodes applied to the scalp, to the surface of the brain, or placed within the substance of the brain.
A local anesthetic that is chemically related to BUPIVACAINE but pharmacologically related to LIDOCAINE. It is indicated for infiltration, nerve block, and epidural anesthesia. Mepivacaine is effective topically only in large doses and therefore should not be used by this route. (From AMA Drug Evaluations, 1994, p168)
Sense of awareness of self and of the environment.
A short-acting opioid anesthetic and analgesic derivative of FENTANYL. It produces an early peak analgesic effect and fast recovery of consciousness. Alfentanil is effective as an anesthetic during surgery, for supplementation of analgesia during surgical procedures, and as an analgesic for critically ill patients.
Drugs used to induce drowsiness or sleep or to reduce psychological excitement or anxiety.
Surgery restricted to the management of minor problems and injuries; surgical procedures of relatively slight extent and not in itself hazardous to life. (Dorland, 28th ed & Stedman, 25th ed)
A noble gas with the atomic symbol Xe, atomic number 54, and atomic weight 131.30. It is found in the earth's atmosphere and has been used as an anesthetic.
Emesis and queasiness occurring after anesthesia.
Drugs that interrupt transmission at the skeletal neuromuscular junction without causing depolarization of the motor end plate. They prevent acetylcholine from triggering muscle contraction and are used as muscle relaxants during electroshock treatments, in convulsive states, and as anesthesia adjuvants.
A short-acting hypnotic-sedative drug with anxiolytic and amnestic properties. It is used in dentistry, cardiac surgery, endoscopic procedures, as preanesthetic medication, and as an adjunct to local anesthesia. The short duration and cardiorespiratory stability makes it useful in poor-risk, elderly, and cardiac patients. It is water-soluble at pH less than 4 and lipid-soluble at physiological pH.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
The movement and the forces involved in the movement of the blood through the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM.
A mobile, very volatile, highly flammable liquid used as an inhalation anesthetic and as a solvent for waxes, fats, oils, perfumes, alkaloids, and gums. It is mildly irritating to skin and mucous membranes.
Operations carried out for the correction of deformities and defects, repair of injuries, and diagnosis and cure of certain diseases. (Taber, 18th ed.)
A derivative of CHLORAL HYDRATE that was used as a sedative but has been replaced by safer and more effective drugs. Its most common use is as a general anesthetic in animal experiments.
A method of studying a drug or procedure in which both the subjects and investigators are kept unaware of who is actually getting which specific treatment.
Pathologic processes that affect patients after a surgical procedure. They may or may not be related to the disease for which the surgery was done, and they may or may not be direct results of the surgery.
The number of times the HEART VENTRICLES contract per unit of time, usually per minute.
Compounds with activity like OPIATE ALKALOIDS, acting at OPIOID RECEPTORS. Properties include induction of ANALGESIA or NARCOSIS.
An opioid analgesic that is used as an adjunct in anesthesia, in balanced anesthesia, and as a primary anesthetic agent.
Devices used to assess the level of consciousness especially during anesthesia. They measure brain activity level based on the EEG.
A type of oropharyngeal airway that provides an alternative to endotracheal intubation and standard mask anesthesia in certain patients. It is introduced into the hypopharynx to form a seal around the larynx thus permitting spontaneous or positive pressure ventilation without penetration of the larynx or esophagus. It is used in place of a facemask in routine anesthesia. The advantages over standard mask anesthesia are better airway control, minimal anesthetic gas leakage, a secure airway during patient transport to the recovery area, and minimal postoperative problems.
An agonist of RECEPTORS, ADRENERGIC ALPHA-2 that is used in veterinary medicine for its analgesic and sedative properties. It is the racemate of DEXMEDETOMIDINE.
Drugs that interrupt transmission of nerve impulses at the skeletal neuromuscular junction. They can be of two types, competitive, stabilizing blockers (NEUROMUSCULAR NONDEPOLARIZING AGENTS) or noncompetitive, depolarizing agents (NEUROMUSCULAR DEPOLARIZING AGENTS). Both prevent acetylcholine from triggering the muscle contraction and they are used as anesthesia adjuvants, as relaxants during electroshock, in convulsive states, etc.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
A thiophene-containing local anesthetic pharmacologically similar to MEPIVACAINE.
Occurence of a patient becoming conscious during a procedure performed under GENERAL ANESTHESIA and subsequently having recall of these events. (From Anesthesiology 2006, 104(4): 847-64.)
Scales, questionnaires, tests, and other methods used to assess pain severity and duration in patients or experimental animals to aid in diagnosis, therapy, and physiological studies.
A quaternary skeletal muscle relaxant usually used in the form of its bromide, chloride, or iodide. It is a depolarizing relaxant, acting in about 30 seconds and with a duration of effect averaging three to five minutes. Succinylcholine is used in surgical, anesthetic, and other procedures in which a brief period of muscle relaxation is called for.
The intentional interruption of transmission at the NEUROMUSCULAR JUNCTION by external agents, usually neuromuscular blocking agents. It is distinguished from NERVE BLOCK in which nerve conduction (NEURAL CONDUCTION) is interrupted rather than neuromuscular transmission. Neuromuscular blockade is commonly used to produce MUSCLE RELAXATION as an adjunct to anesthesia during surgery and other medical procedures. It is also often used as an experimental manipulation in basic research. It is not strictly speaking anesthesia but is grouped here with anesthetic techniques. The failure of neuromuscular transmission as a result of pathological processes is not included here.
Books designed to give factual information or instructions.
A family of hexahydropyridines.
Examination, therapy or surgery of the interior of the larynx performed with a specially designed endoscope.
Androstanes and androstane derivatives which are substituted in any position with one or more hydroxyl groups.
Procedure in which arterial blood pressure is intentionally reduced in order to control blood loss during surgery. This procedure is performed either pharmacologically or by pre-surgical removal of blood.
Imidazole derivative anesthetic and hypnotic with little effect on blood gases, ventilation, or the cardiovascular system. It has been proposed as an induction anesthetic.
Drug-induced depression of consciousness during which patients cannot be easily aroused but respond purposely following repeated painful stimulation. The ability to independently maintain ventilatory function may be impaired. (From: American Society of Anesthesiologists Practice Guidelines)
Facilities equipped for performing surgery.
Methods of PAIN relief that may be used with or in place of ANALGESICS.
Patient care procedures performed during the operation that are ancillary to the actual surgery. It includes monitoring, fluid therapy, medication, transfusion, anesthesia, radiography, and laboratory tests.
Surgery performed on the eye or any of its parts.
Antineoplastic agent that is also used as a veterinary anesthetic. It has also been used as an intermediate in organic synthesis. Urethane is suspected to be a carcinogen.
A phenethylamine found in EPHEDRA SINICA. PSEUDOEPHEDRINE is an isomer. It is an alpha- and beta-adrenergic agonist that may also enhance release of norepinephrine. It has been used for asthma, heart failure, rhinitis, and urinary incontinence, and for its central nervous system stimulatory effects in the treatment of narcolepsy and depression. It has become less extensively used with the advent of more selective agonists.
A colorless, odorless gas that can be formed by the body and is necessary for the respiration cycle of plants and animals.
Abnormally low BLOOD PRESSURE that can result in inadequate blood flow to the brain and other vital organs. Common symptom is DIZZINESS but greater negative impacts on the body occur when there is prolonged depravation of oxygen and nutrients.
Involuntary contraction or twitching of the muscles. It is a physiologic method of heat production in man and other mammals.
The period following a surgical operation.
An abdominal hernia with an external bulge in the GROIN region. It can be classified by the location of herniation. Indirect inguinal hernias occur through the internal inguinal ring. Direct inguinal hernias occur through defects in the ABDOMINAL WALL (transversalis fascia) in Hesselbach's triangle. The former type is commonly seen in children and young adults; the latter in adults.
The act of breathing with the LUNGS, consisting of INHALATION, or the taking into the lungs of the ambient air, and of EXHALATION, or the expelling of the modified air which contains more CARBON DIOXIDE than the air taken in (Blakiston's Gould Medical Dictionary, 4th ed.). This does not include tissue respiration (= OXYGEN CONSUMPTION) or cell respiration (= CELL RESPIRATION).
A butyrophenone with general properties similar to those of HALOPERIDOL. It is used in conjunction with an opioid analgesic such as FENTANYL to maintain the patient in a calm state of neuroleptanalgesia with indifference to surroundings but still able to cooperate with the surgeon. It is also used as a premedicant, as an antiemetic, and for the control of agitation in acute psychoses. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 29th ed, p593)
The large network of nerve fibers which distributes the innervation of the upper extremity. The brachial plexus extends from the neck into the axilla. In humans, the nerves of the plexus usually originate from the lower cervical and the first thoracic spinal cord segments (C5-C8 and T1), but variations are not uncommon.
The active sympathomimetic hormone from the ADRENAL MEDULLA. It stimulates both the alpha- and beta- adrenergic systems, causes systemic VASOCONSTRICTION and gastrointestinal relaxation, stimulates the HEART, and dilates BRONCHI and cerebral vessels. It is used in ASTHMA and CARDIAC FAILURE and to delay absorption of local ANESTHETICS.
A disorder in which the adductor muscles of the VOCAL CORDS exhibit increased activity leading to laryngeal spasm. Laryngismus causes closure of the VOCAL FOLDS and airflow obstruction during inspiration.
Measurement of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the blood.
A branch of the trigeminal (5th cranial) nerve. The mandibular nerve carries motor fibers to the muscles of mastication and sensory fibers to the teeth and gingivae, the face in the region of the mandible, and parts of the dura.
An element with atomic symbol O, atomic number 8, and atomic weight [15.99903; 15.99977]. It is the most abundant element on earth and essential for respiration.
The relationship between the dose of an administered drug and the response of the organism to the drug.
Professional nurses who have completed postgraduate training in the administration of anesthetics and who function under the responsibility of the operating surgeon.
Monoquaternary homolog of PANCURONIUM. A non-depolarizing neuromuscular blocking agent with shorter duration of action than pancuronium. Its lack of significant cardiovascular effects and lack of dependence on good kidney function for elimination as well as its short duration of action and easy reversibility provide advantages over, or alternatives to, other established neuromuscular blocking agents.
A phenothiazine that is used in the treatment of PSYCHOSES.
Lower than normal body temperature, especially in warm-blooded animals.
The intermediate sensory division of the trigeminal (5th cranial) nerve. The maxillary nerve carries general afferents from the intermediate region of the face including the lower eyelid, nose and upper lip, the maxillary teeth, and parts of the dura.
Surgery which could be postponed or not done at all without danger to the patient. Elective surgery includes procedures to correct non-life-threatening medical problems as well as to alleviate conditions causing psychological stress or other potential risk to patients, e.g., cosmetic or contraceptive surgery.
Organic compounds containing the -CO-NH2 radical. Amides are derived from acids by replacement of -OH by -NH2 or from ammonia by the replacement of H by an acyl group. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
The measure of the level of heat of a human or animal.
A potent local anesthetic of the ester type used for surface and spinal anesthesia.
A imidazole derivative that is an agonist of ADRENERGIC ALPHA-2 RECEPTORS. It is closely-related to MEDETOMIDINE, which is the racemic form of this compound.
A network of nerve fibers originating in the upper four CERVICAL SPINAL CORD segments. The cervical plexus distributes cutaneous nerves to parts of the neck, shoulders, and back of the head. It also distributes motor fibers to muscles of the cervical SPINAL COLUMN, infrahyoid muscles, and the DIAPHRAGM.
A class of chemicals derived from barbituric acid or thiobarbituric acid. Many of these are GABA MODULATORS used as HYPNOTICS AND SEDATIVES, as ANESTHETICS, or as ANTICONVULSANTS.
A non-depolarizing neuromuscular blocking agent with short duration of action. Its lack of significant cardiovascular effects and its lack of dependence on good kidney function for elimination provide clinical advantage over alternate non-depolarizing neuromuscular blocking agents.
The domestic dog, Canis familiaris, comprising about 400 breeds, of the carnivore family CANIDAE. They are worldwide in distribution and live in association with people. (Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, p1065)
The surgical removal of a tooth. (Dorland, 28th ed)
Preliminary administration of a drug preceding a diagnostic, therapeutic, or surgical procedure. The commonest types of premedication are antibiotics (ANTIBIOTIC PROPHYLAXIS) and anti-anxiety agents. It does not include PREANESTHETIC MEDICATION.
The act of "taking account" of an object or state of affairs. It does not imply assessment of, nor attention to the qualities or nature of the object.
Operative procedures performed on the SKIN.
The technology of transmitting light over long distances through strands of glass or other transparent material.
Proposed anesthetic with possible anticonvulsant and sedative properties.
Sharp instruments used for puncturing or suturing.
Surgery performed on the female genitalia.
A 3:1 mixture of alfaxalone with alfadolone acetate that previously had been used as a general anesthetic. It is no longer actively marketed. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1445)
The continuous measurement of physiological processes, blood pressure, heart rate, renal output, reflexes, respiration, etc., in a patient or experimental animal; includes pharmacologic monitoring, the measurement of administered drugs or their metabolites in the blood, tissues, or urine.
Dental care for the emotionally, mentally, or physically disabled patient. It does not include dental care for the chronically ill ( = DENTAL CARE FOR CHRONICALLY ILL).
A bis-quaternary steroid that is a competitive nicotinic antagonist. As a neuromuscular blocking agent it is more potent than CURARE but has less effect on the circulatory system and on histamine release.
The relief of pain without loss of consciousness through the introduction of an analgesic agent into the epidural space of the vertebral canal. It is differentiated from ANESTHESIA, EPIDURAL which refers to the state of insensitivity to sensation.
Interventions to provide care prior to, during, and immediately after surgery.
The principal alkaloid in opium and the prototype opiate analgesic and narcotic. Morphine has widespread effects in the central nervous system and on smooth muscle.
Introduction of substances into the body using a needle and syringe.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
That portion of the body that lies between the THORAX and the PELVIS.
Absence of air in the entire or part of a lung, such as an incompletely inflated neonate lung or a collapsed adult lung. Pulmonary atelectasis can be caused by airway obstruction, lung compression, fibrotic contraction, or other factors.
The pressure that would be exerted by one component of a mixture of gases if it were present alone in a container. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
Care given during the period prior to undergoing surgery when psychological and physical preparations are made according to the special needs of the individual patient. This period spans the time between admission to the hospital to the time the surgery begins. (From Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
A hypnotic and sedative used in the treatment of INSOMNIA.
An inhalation anesthetic. Currently, methoxyflurane is rarely used for surgical, obstetric, or dental anesthesia. If so employed, it should be administered with NITROUS OXIDE to achieve a relatively light level of anesthesia, and a neuromuscular blocking agent given concurrently to obtain the desired degree of muscular relaxation. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual, 1994, p180)
A local anesthetic of the ester type that has a slow onset and a short duration of action. It is mainly used for infiltration anesthesia, peripheral nerve block, and spinal block. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1016).
Interruption of sympathetic pathways, by local injection of an anesthetic agent, at any of four levels: peripheral nerve block, sympathetic ganglion block, extradural block, and subarachnoid block.
Investigations conducted on the physical health of teeth involving use of a tool that transmits hot or cold electric currents on a tooth's surface that can determine problems with that tooth based on reactions to the currents.
The period of care beginning when the patient is removed from surgery and aimed at meeting the patient's psychological and physical needs directly after surgery. (From Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
Surgical procedures used to treat disease, injuries, and defects of the oral and maxillofacial region.
Procedures used to treat and correct deformities, diseases, and injuries to the MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM, its articulations, and associated structures.
An expectorant that also has some muscle relaxing action. It is used in many cough preparations.
A pyrazolodiazepinone with pharmacological actions similar to ANTI-ANXIETY AGENTS. It is commonly used in combination with TILETAMINE to obtain immobilization and anesthesia in animals.
The removal of a cataractous CRYSTALLINE LENS from the eye.
A narcotic analgesic that can be used for the relief of most types of moderate to severe pain, including postoperative pain and the pain of labor. Prolonged use may lead to dependence of the morphine type; withdrawal symptoms appear more rapidly than with morphine and are of shorter duration.
Any method of artificial breathing that employs mechanical or non-mechanical means to force the air into and out of the lungs. Artificial respiration or ventilation is used in individuals who have stopped breathing or have RESPIRATORY INSUFFICIENCY to increase their intake of oxygen (O2) and excretion of carbon dioxide (CO2).
Spasmodic contraction of the smooth muscle of the bronchi.
The processes of heating and cooling that an organism uses to control its temperature.
Dental care for patients with chronic diseases. These diseases include chronic cardiovascular, endocrinologic, hematologic, immunologic, neoplastic, and renal diseases. The concept does not include dental care for the mentally or physically disabled which is DENTAL CARE FOR DISABLED.
A transient absence of spontaneous respiration.
Injections made into a vein for therapeutic or experimental purposes.
The electric response evoked in the CEREBRAL CORTEX by ACOUSTIC STIMULATION or stimulation of the AUDITORY PATHWAYS.
Devices for the compression of a blood vessel by application around an extremity to control the circulation and prevent the flow of blood to or from the distal area. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
A type of lung inflammation resulting from the aspiration of food, liquid, or gastric contents into the upper RESPIRATORY TRACT.
An unpleasant sensation induced by noxious stimuli which are detected by NERVE ENDINGS of NOCICEPTIVE NEURONS.
The process of minimizing risk to an organization by developing systems to identify and analyze potential hazards to prevent accidents, injuries, and other adverse occurrences, and by attempting to handle events and incidents which do occur in such a manner that their effect and cost are minimized. Effective risk management has its greatest benefits in application to insurance in order to avert or minimize financial liability. (From Slee & Slee: Health care terms, 2d ed)
A method in which either the observer(s) or the subject(s) is kept ignorant of the group to which the subjects are assigned.
The process in which specialized SENSORY RECEPTOR CELLS transduce peripheral stimuli (physical or chemical) into NERVE IMPULSES which are then transmitted to the various sensory centers in the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM.
The action of a drug that may affect the activity, metabolism, or toxicity of another drug.
The TEMPERATURE at the outer surface of the body.
Evaluation, planning, and use of a range of procedures and airway devices for the maintenance or restoration of a patient's ventilation.
The long-term (minutes to hours) administration of a fluid into the vein through venipuncture, either by letting the fluid flow by gravity or by pumping it.
A local anesthetic of the ester type that has a rapid onset of action and a longer duration of action than procaine hydrochloride. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1017)
The volume of BLOOD passing through the HEART per unit of time. It is usually expressed as liters (volume) per minute so as not to be confused with STROKE VOLUME (volume per beat).
Compounds capable of relieving pain without the loss of CONSCIOUSNESS.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
Cyclic GLUCANS consisting of eight (8) glucopyranose units linked by 1,4-glycosidic bonds.
Any hindrance to the passage of air into and out of the lungs.
Drugs that interrupt transmission at the skeletal neuromuscular junction by causing sustained depolarization of the motor end plate. These agents are primarily used as adjuvants in surgical anesthesia to cause skeletal muscle relaxation.
Situations or conditions requiring immediate intervention to avoid serious adverse results.
A process involving chance used in therapeutic trials or other research endeavor for allocating experimental subjects, human or animal, between treatment and control groups, or among treatment groups. It may also apply to experiments on inanimate objects.
Hospital unit providing continuous monitoring of the patient following anesthesia.
A dental specialty concerned with the diagnosis and surgical treatment of disease, injuries, and defects of the human oral and maxillofacial region.
Loss of the ability to maintain awareness of self and environment combined with markedly reduced responsiveness to environmental stimuli. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp344-5)
An involuntary movement or exercise of function in a part, excited in response to a stimulus applied to the periphery and transmitted to the brain or spinal cord.
Relief of PAIN, without loss of CONSCIOUSNESS, through ANALGESIC AGENTS administered by the patients. It has been used successfully to control POSTOPERATIVE PAIN, during OBSTETRIC LABOR, after BURNS, and in TERMINAL CARE. The choice of agent, dose, and lockout interval greatly influence effectiveness. The potential for overdose can be minimized by combining small bolus doses with a mandatory interval between successive doses (lockout interval).
Drugs used to prevent NAUSEA or VOMITING.
A strain of albino rat used widely for experimental purposes because of its calmness and ease of handling. It was developed by the Sprague-Dawley Animal Company.
A heterogeneous group of drugs used to produce muscle relaxation, excepting the neuromuscular blocking agents. They have their primary clinical and therapeutic uses in the treatment of muscle spasm and immobility associated with strains, sprains, and injuries of the back and, to a lesser degree, injuries to the neck. They have been used also for the treatment of a variety of clinical conditions that have in common only the presence of skeletal muscle hyperactivity, for example, the muscle spasms that can occur in MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS. (From Smith and Reynard, Textbook of Pharmacology, 1991, p358)
The degree to which the individual regards the health care service or product or the manner in which it is delivered by the provider as useful, effective, or beneficial.
The volume of air inspired or expired during each normal, quiet respiratory cycle. Common abbreviations are TV or V with subscript T.
A nerve originating in the lumbar spinal cord (usually L2 to L4) and traveling through the lumbar plexus to provide motor innervation to extensors of the thigh and sensory innervation to parts of the thigh, lower leg, and foot, and to the hip and knee joints.
The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.
A state in which there is an enhanced potential for sensitivity and an efficient responsiveness to external stimuli.
Cardiac arrhythmias that are characterized by excessively slow HEART RATE, usually below 50 beats per minute in human adults. They can be classified broadly into SINOATRIAL NODE dysfunction and ATRIOVENTRICULAR BLOCK.
A local anesthetic with rapid onset and long action, similar to BUPIVACAINE.
The circulation of blood through the BLOOD VESSELS of the BRAIN.
A benzodiazepine with anticonvulsant, anxiolytic, sedative, muscle relaxant, and amnesic properties and a long duration of action. Its actions are mediated by enhancement of GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID activity.
The upper part of the trunk between the NECK and the ABDOMEN. It contains the chief organs of the circulatory and respiratory systems. (From Stedman, 25th ed)

Quantification of mitral regurgitation using proximal isovelocity surface area method in dogs. (1/4)

The present study was performed to determine the accuracy and reproducibility of calculating the mitral regurgitant orifice area with the proximal isovelocity surface area (PISA) method in dogs with experimental mitral regurgitation and in canine patients with chronic mitral insufficiency and to evaluate the effect of general anesthesia on mitral regurgitation. Eight adult, Beagle dogs for experimental mitral regurgitation and 11 small breed dogs with spontaneous mitral regurgitation were used. In 8 Beagle dogs, mild mitral regurgitation was created by disrupting mitral chordae or leaflets. Effective regurgitant orifice (ERO) area was measured by the PISA method and compared with the measurements simultaneously obtained by quantitative Doppler echocardiography 4 weeks after creation of mitral regurgitation. The same procedure was performed in 11 patients with isolated mitral regurgitation and in 8 Beagle dogs under two different protocols of general anesthesia. ERO and regurgitant stroke volume (RSV) by the PISA method correlated well with values by the quantitative Doppler technique with a small error in experimental dogs (r = 0.914 and r = 0.839) and 11 patients (r = 0.990 and r = 0.996). The isoflurane anesthetic echocardiography demonstrated a significant decrease of RSV, and there was no significant change in fractional shortening (FS), ERO area, LV end-diastolic and LV end-systolic volume. ERO area showed increasing tendency after ketamine-xylazine administration, but not statistically significant. RSV, LV end-systolic and LV end-diastolic volume increased significantly (p < 0.01), whereas FS significantly decreased (p < 0.01). The PISA method is accurate and reproducible in experimental mitral regurgitation model and in a clinical setting. ERO area is considered and preferred as a hemodynamic-nondependent factor than other traditional measurements.  (+info)

Does rectus sheath infusion of bupivacaine reduce postoperative opioid requirement? (2/4)

INTRODUCTION: The aim of this work was to assess the effect of intermittent bupivacaine infusion into rectus sheath space on postoperative opioid requirement, postoperative pain score and peak expiratory flow rate. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A prospective, randomised study involving patients undergoing midline laparotomy. Patients were randomised to receive either intermittent infusion of bupivacaine 0.25% or normal saline via catheters placed in the rectus sheath for 48 h after operation. All patients received intravenous morphine infusion on demand with a patient-controlled analgesic device (PCAD). RESULTS: Forty ASA I-III patients were studied. Nineteen were randomised to receive bupivacaine and 21 patients received normal saline. Patient characteristics and surgical variables were comparable in the two groups. The mean wound lengths were similar. There was no statistically significant difference in postoperative opioid requirement, postoperative pain score and peak expiratory flow rate between the two groups. CONCLUSIONS: Intermittent bupivacaine infusion into the rectus sheath space after midline laparotomy does not reduce postoperative opioid requirement nor does it affect postoperative pain score or peak expiratory flow rate.  (+info)

Conscious sedation and analgesia with rectal ketamine in the Macaca fuscata monkey. (3/4)

Conscious sedation is commonly utilized in pediatric dentistry. Although opioid analgesics are often employed, patient safety would be enhanced if nonopioid drugs were used. The purpose of this study was to determine if rectal ketamine could produce plasma concentrations that would achieve both conscious sedation and analgesia to gingival needle puncture. Five 2-year-old male Macaca fuscata monkeys were given rectal ketamine at a dosage of 60 mg/kg and 90 mg/kg one week apart. Blood was drawn at selected times after administration, and vital signs, level of sedation, and consciousness were assessed. Plasma ketamine concentrations ranged from 240 to 820 ng/mL and from 390 to 3120 ng/mL after rectal administration at doses of 60 mg/kg and 90 mg/kg, respectively. Two monkeys after the high dose showed analgesia to a gingival needle puncture at plasma ketamine concentrations that ranged from 1390 to 3120 ng/mL. A good level of sedation was consistently observed in four monkeys (80%) following rectal ketamine at a dosage of 90 mg/kg, whereas one monkey showed a consistently good level at a dosage of 60 mg/kg. Sedation and dose were significantly (P less than 0.001) associated with plasma ketamine concentrations; physiologic parameters were not (P greater than 0.05). The results of this study suggest that rectal ketamine can produce plasma concentrations of the drug sufficient to achieve sedation in the monkey. The attainment of concomitant analgesia to a gingival needle puncture was not as predictable.  (+info)

Double-blind comparison of rectally administered diazepam to placebo for pediatric sedation: the cardiovascular response. (4/4)

The sedative and cardiovascular effects of rectally administered diazepam (0.6 mg/kg) were compared to placebo in uncooperative children who required sedation during dental treatment. Twelve healthy preschool children, who required amalgam restorations, were treated during two standardized restorative appointments in a double-blind, crossover study. Blood pressure and pulse were obtained during four specified intervals during the appointment. The behavior of the children during the treatment visits was videotaped and later statistically analyzed using a kinesics/vocalization instrument. Behavioral ratings of cooperation were significantly improved during the treatment visit following diazepam. All interfering bodily movements, patient vocalizations and operator commands for the diazepam group were reduced significantly (p+info)

TY - JOUR. T1 - Response to Letter Regarding Perioperative Celecoxib and Postoperative Opioid Use in Hand Surgery. T2 - A Prospective Cohort Study. AU - Calfee, Ryan P.. AU - Stepan, Jeffrey G.. AU - London, Daniel A.. AU - Osei, Daniel. AU - Boyer, Martin I.. AU - Dardas, Agnes Z.. PY - 2018/7. Y1 - 2018/7. UR - U2 - 10.1016/j.jhsa.2018.05.011. DO - 10.1016/j.jhsa.2018.05.011. M3 - Letter. C2 - 29976390. AN - SCOPUS:85049032721. VL - 43. SP - e5. JO - Journal of Hand Surgery. JF - Journal of Hand Surgery. SN - 0363-5023. IS - 7. ER - ...
To fight the opioid epidemic, ob/gyns, like all physicians, are looking for ways to help prevent substance use disorders and enhanced recovery programs (ERAS) could play a role. PLUS: Are EDs screening adolescents with PID for HIV, syphilis? ALSO: Results of a new retrospective study show that a womans race may impact how likely she is to have a myomectomy-and alarmingly, whether the procedure is likely to result in morbidity.
Participant eligibility includes age, gender, type and stage of disease, and previous treatments or health concerns. Guidelines differ from study to study, and identify who can or cannot participate. If you need assistance understanding the eligibility criteria, please contact the study team.. ...
Proximal Isovelocity Surface Area (PISA) method is based on the continuity equation. When a flow passes through a narrow orifice, as it approaches the narrowest region, there is a flow convergence and flow acceleration. PISA is the surface area of the hemisphere at the aliasing region of the flow convergence. PISA increases as the flow increases and also with lower aliasing velocity. To reduce errors in measurement, smaller aliasing velocity has to be set, to get higher PISA measurement with lower chance for errors.. Regurgitant flow rate can be calculated as:. 2 Pi r2 x Valiasing. Radius is measured from the orifice to point of colour change. If the flow convergence is not a true hemisphere, the angle subtended by the flow convergence at the orifice has to be measured and divided by 180 to get a correction factor. Good correlation between angiographic estimates of regurgitant flow and PISA based estimates have been reported.. ...
This was a prospective, randomized, double-blind, parallel-group trial to evaluate the effects of nasally applied xenon on intraoperative and postoperative opioid requirement and postoperative evaluated pain scores. Because there were only two treatment arms (air, xenon) with an a priori fixed number of patients (20 per each arm), a simple randomization scheme was used with a vector of random numbers to generate an a priori list for randomized treatment assignments. According to this randomization list, patients received either xenon or air. The study supervisor, who did not participate in the assessment, prepared an unlabeled gas reservoir filled with either the colorless and odorless xenon or air as placebo. The anesthetists who provided the anesthesia and the intensive care unit (ICU) staff participating in the pain assessments were blinded for individual treatments. Patients were also blinded for group assignment and both blindings were maintained until the end of the study. The patients ...
PubMed journal article: Postoperative nausea and vomiting are strongly influenced by postoperative opioid use in a dose-related manner. Download Prime PubMed App to iPhone, iPad, or Android
Definition of Rectus sheath in the Legal Dictionary - by Free online English dictionary and encyclopedia. What is Rectus sheath? Meaning of Rectus sheath as a legal term. What does Rectus sheath mean in law?
Introduction: Hydrodynamic theory predicts fluid approaches a point orifice with accelerating velocity in hemispheric shells, forming the basis for the proximal isovelocity surface area (PISA) method to quantify valve regurgitation. Previous CFD and in vitro work has shown that with a finite, non-point orifice, there is a small, systematic underestimation of flow that is approximately the ratio of contour velocity (va) to maximal orifice velocity (vo), e.g., roughly an 8% error if a 40 cm/s contour is used with a 5 m/s jet. The PISA method is further questioned in the setting of noncircular orifices, with concerns of further underestimation. We sought to quantify this impact with CFD.. Hypothesis: Application of standard PISA analysis to an elliptical orifice leads to further flow underestimation, but the magnitude is negligible.. Methods: Mathematical modeling of flow through a finite elliptical orifice was computed using the open-source incompressible flow solver Nalu. Forty-five permutations ...
Patients sometimes resist postoperative opioid medications out of fear of developing an addiction. Some patients are even wary of acetaminophen.
This is the first multicenter study to evaluate the interobserver agreement of the quantitative parameters of VC width and PISA to differentiate severe from nonsevere MR. We found that classification of MR as severe as opposed to nonsevere using the quantitative CFD parameters of VC and PISA yielded only fair interobserver agreement (kappa: 0.28 to 0.37). The interobserver agreement for qualitative assessment for identifying severe from nonsevere MR was similar to the quantitative methods (kappa: 0.32). Our study group was composed of clinically experienced, practicing echocardiologists from 11 different academic institutions. Furthermore, we found that the interobserver agreement among echocardiologists practicing and instructing within the same institution was similar to the multicenter interobserver agreement and inferior to previously reported studies from single institutions validating the use of PISA and VC (3,6-11).. The VC width and EROA calculated by PISA are both affected by valve ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Prenatal ontogeny of subspecific variation in the craniofacial morphology of the Japanese macaque (Macaca fuscata). AU - Yano, Wataru. AU - Egi, Naoko. AU - Takano, Tomo. AU - Ogihara, Naomichi. N1 - Funding Information: Acknowledgments We wish to sincerely thank Kazumichi Katay-ama, Masato Nakatsukasa, Toshisada Nishida, and Daisuke Shimizu for their continuous guidance and support throughout the course of this study. We are also grateful to Toshisada Nishida, Editor-in-Chief, and two reviewers for their helpful and constructive comments on this paper. This study was supported by Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS) Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (B) 19370101 to N.O. and in part by the Global Center of Excellence Program A06 Formation of a Strategic Base for Biodiversity and Evolutionary Research: from Genome to Ecosystem of the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports and Technology (MEXT), Japan.. PY - 2010. Y1 - 2010. N2 - We cross-sectionally ...
DDBJ newly released Japanese macaque (Macaca fuscata) GSS 167,159 entries, which had been submitted by RIKEN Genomic Sciences Center. These entries were released as DDBJ daily updates on 12/18, and are available by anonymous FTP ...
The first section of the book addresses the basics of TEE. The topics range from the physics of ultrasound to the basic TEE examination, and to more commonly encountered anatomic variants and artifacts. The chapter that describes the controls on the ultrasound machine has many TEE images representative of how manipulation of a certain control changes the picture and is most helpful in understanding how to optimize the image acquired. The chapter entitled Quantitative Echocardiography, which includes applications of Doppler technology in the assessment of stenotic versus regurgitant lesions (specifically the proximal isovelocity surface area, or PISA, method) and equations necessary for intracardiac pressure measurements, is a detailed yet compact introduction to subsequent sections in which various pathologies are addressed individually.. ...
Garcia C, Rigaill L, MacIntosh AJJ, Higham JP, Winters S, Shimizu K, Mouri K, Furuichi T. 2016. Existe-t-il des variations de la couleur de la face en fonction de lâge, la dominance, la parité, le poids, et linfection parasitaire intestinale chez des femelles macaques japonais (Macaca fuscata) ? Colloque de la Société Francophone de Primatologie, 18-20 Octobre, Paimpont, France ...
Degenerative mitral stenosis (DMS) is characterized by decreased mitral valve (MV) orifice area and increased transmitral pressure gradient due to chronic noninflammatory degeneration and subsequent calcification of the fibrous mitral annulus and the MV leaflets. The true prevalence of DMS in the general population is unknown. DMS predominantly affects elderly individuals, many of whom have multiple other comorbidities. Transcatheter MV replacement techniques, although their long-term outcomes are yet to be tested, have been gaining popularity and may emerge as more effective and relatively safer treatment option for patients with DMS. Echocardiography is the primary imaging modality for evaluation of DMS and related hemodynamic abnormalities such as increased transmitral pressure gradient and pulmonary arterial pressure. Classic echocardiographic techniques used for evaluation of mitral stenosis (pressure half time, proximal isovelocity surface area, continuity equation, and MV area ...
This thesis deals with the estimation of blood flow in the heart and larger vessels where control-volume methods are applied using ultrasound Doppler technique. In particular two control-volume techniques were investigated: The proximal isovelocity surface area method, (PISA) and the Surface Integration of Velocity Vectors method, (SIVV).. For PISA, computational fluid dynamics, (CFD) was used for non-stationary flow and non-planar circular geometries where special emphasis was given to the influence from the angle of the valvular leaflets on the proximal surface area. The CFD results were compared with ultrasound measurements, in an in-vitro model with controlled geometry and flow characteristics. Three different valvular geometries were used: planar, reversed cone and funnel. In these idealised CFD and experimental models it was found that there is support to use the hemispherical PISA approach for the geometries investigated provided that the flow is not to high in the reversed cone and ...
Fujii is a 2013 graduate of the Larner College of Medicine at the University of Vermont and a chief resident in the Department of Surgery.. In July 2017, the Vermont Department of Health issued new rules for prescribing opioids for pain. These regulations require physicians to discuss with patients the risks and benefits of opioid analgesia, to counsel them on non-opioid analgesia as first-line treatment, and to educate them on the safe disposal of unused opioids. Patients sign an informed consent and providers are required to check a patients pain medication history in the state prescribing database (Vermont Prescription Monitoring System) before receiving a new prescription for opioids greater than 10 pills.. The study looked at opioid prescribing patterns at UVMMC for 15 common operations across four surgical specialties for 12 months before the regulations went into effect (n=365) and for 17 months afterward (n=768). This study found that the median morphine milligram equivalents (MME)-a ...
Govaerts, R. et al. 2013. Phalaenopsis fuscata in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2013 Sept. 17 ...
China Super Sodium Humate with Competitive Price in Organic Fertilizer, Find details about China Sodium Humate, Super Sodium Humate from Super Sodium Humate with Competitive Price in Organic Fertilizer - Humate (Tianjin) International Limited
Patients scheduled for a tonsillectomy need postoperative pain treatment. Some of the most widely used postoperative analgetics (NSAIDs) sometimes cause rebleeding in the postoperative period, and another often used analgetic, morphine, causes nausea and vomiting. The researchers therefore will investigate new combinations of postoperative analgesics in hopes of improving pain and the need for opioids during the postoperative period ...
Purpose The current epidemic of prescription opioid misuse has increased scrutiny of postoperative opioid prescribing. Some 6% to 8% of opioid-naïve patients undergoing noncancer procedures develop new persistent opioid use; however, it is unknown if a similar risk applies to patients with cancer. W …
BACKGROUND: The American Society of Echocardiography (ASE) guidelines suggest the use of several echocardiographic methods to assess mitral regurgitation severity using an integrated approach, without guidance as to the weighting of each parameter. The purpose of this multicenter prospective study was to evaluate the recommended echocardiographic parameters against a reference modality and develop and validate a weighting for each echocardiographic measure of mitral regurgitation severity. METHODS: This study included 112 patients who underwent evaluation with echocardiography and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Echocardiographic parameters recommended by the ASE were included and compared with MRI-derived regurgitant volume (MRI-RV). RESULTS: Echocardiographic parameters that correlated best with MRI-RV were proximal isovelocity surface area (PISA) radius (r = 0.65, P | .0001), PISA-derived effective regurgitant orifice area (r = 0.65, P | .0001), left ventricular end-diastolic volume (r = 0.56, P |
METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted to evaluate patient outcomes following liposomal bupivacaine and elastomeric bupivacaine pump use from January through June 2013. The primary objective of the study was to evaluate 24-hour postoperative opioid use (in morphine equivalents).. RESULTS: Sixty-seven liposomal bupivacaine and 262 elastomeric bupivacaine pump patients were included. Significant between-group differences were seen in American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status, patient-controlled analgesia use, postoperative nonopioid use, and surgical procedure. On univariate analysis, liposomal bupivacaine-in comparison with elastomeric bupivacaine pump -was associated with reduced median (interquartile range, IQR) 24-hour postoperative opioid use (33.0 mg morphine equivalents [IQR, 19.0-80.4 mg morphine equivalents] versus 70.4 mg morphine equivalents [IQR, 37.1-115.4 mg morphine equivalents], p , 0.001) and median 72-hour postoperative opioid use (61.3 mg morphine ...
Converts progesterone to its inactive form, 20-alpha-dihydroxyprogesterone (20-alpha-OHP). In the liver and intestine, may have a role in the transport of bile. May have a role in monitoring the intrahepatic bile acid concentration. May play a role in myelin formation. Can oxidize both 20-alpha- and 3-alpha-hydroxysteroids.
Feare Chris. 2007. An inventory of Sooty Terns (Sterna fuscata) in the western Indian Ocean with special reference to threats and trends. Os...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Automatic quantification of aortic regurgitation using 3D full volume color doppler echocardiography. T2 - a validation study with cardiac magnetic resonance imaging. AU - Choi, Jaehuk. AU - Hong, Geu Ru. AU - Kim, Minji. AU - Cho, In Jeong. AU - Shim, Chi Young. AU - Chang, Hyuk Jae. AU - Mancina, Joel. AU - Ha, Jong Won. AU - Chung, Namsik. PY - 2015/10/24. Y1 - 2015/10/24. N2 - Recent advances in real-time three-dimensional (3D) echocardiography provide the automated measurement of mitral inflow and aortic stroke volume without the need to assume the geometry of the heart. The aim of this study is to explore the ability of 3D full volume color Doppler echocardiography (FVCDE) to quantify aortic regurgitation (AR). Thirty-two patients with more than a moderate degree of AR were enrolled. AR volume was measured by (1) two-dimensional-CDE, using the proximal isovelocity surface area (PISA) and (2) real-time 3D-FVCDE with (3) phase-contrast cardiac magnetic resonance imaging ...
to the editor: Rectus sheath hematoma is an uncommon cause of acute abdominal pain. It may occur as a result of direct trauma, spontaneously, or as a result of twisting or abrupt changes in position.1 Other precipitating factors include anticoagulation, recent surgery, medication injection, or increased intra-abdominal pressure from coughing or pregnancy.1 Rectus sheath hematoma has been previously described in a patient receiving enoxaparin at 30 mg subcutaneously every 12 hours.1 We report the case of a patient who developed rectus sheath hematoma during treatment with enoxaparin, 70 mg subcutaneously every 12 hours, and in whom bleeding was controlled through coil embolization of the inferior epigastric artery.. A 75-year-old woman was admitted to the hospital for pneumonia and new-onset atrial fibrillation. In addition to antibiotics, the patient was placed on enoxaparin, 70 mg subcutaneously every 12 hours. On the second day after admission, the patient complained of a sudden onset of right ...
If you have a question about this talk, please contact Lorena Escudero.. Homo sapiens has a global distribution, a remarkable achievement for a tropical ape. Adaptations enabling this colonisation are intriguing given suggestions that humans exhibits high levels of physiological and behavioural malleability associated with a colonising niche. Differences in body size/shape between members of the same species from different climates are well-known adaptations in mammals; could relatively flexible size/shape have been important to human species adapting to novel habitats? If so, at what point did this flexibility arise? To address these questions, a base-line for adaptation to climate must be established by comparison with suitable outgroups. Japanese macaques (Macaca fuscata) are the most northerly living non-human primates. They have great latitudinal spread and overlap with the historical distribution of prehistoric Jomon foragers, allowing matched latitude comparisons within monkeys and ...
Case Presentation: 62-year-old male presenting to the hospital for left sided abdominal pain. His past medical history is significant for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) requiring six liters of oxygen via nasal cannula daily, hypertension [...]. ...
Ël test a lé disponìbil sota la licensa Creative Commons atribussion-partagi ugual; a podrìo aplichesse dàutre condission. Cha vëdda le Condission dusagi për ij detaj ...
Winacoo, Jeffrey; Maykel, Justin (2009). "Operative Anesthesia and Pain Control". Clinics in Colon and Rectal Surgery. 22 (1): ... TIVA is used to induce general anesthesia while avoiding the disadvantages of volatile anesthesia (and traditional inhalation ... The overall goals of TIVA include: Smooth induction of anesthesia Reliable and measurable maintenance of anesthesia Rapid ... Sepúlveda V., Pablo O.; Cortínez, Luis Ignacio (2017), "Intravenous Anesthesia in Obese Patients", Total Intravenous Anesthesia ...
The RAIR has been shown to occur even under anesthesia and when voluntary control is lost. The hardened stool continues to ... This cycle can result in so deeply conditioning the holding response that the rectal anal inhibitory response (RAIR) or anismus ... 2007). The ASCRS textbook of colon and rectal surgery. New York: Springer. ISBN 978-0387248462. "Encopresis". Mayo Clinic. ...
The main use for this drug is to produce anesthesia to mucous membranes to numb and help control the pain in that area. The ... Cetacaine can and has been used for surgeries that include bronchi, ear, esophagus, larynx, mouth, nose, pharynx, rectal, and ... The dosage should be applied directly to the site where anesthesia is required. The dosage should be modified according to the ... The actual mechanism for the onset of anesthesia is unknown, but it is believed that the active ingredients reversibly block ...
... rectal anesthesia, or intravenous anesthesia. While otherwise effective, these techniques did not protect the airway from ... Also important for the development of modern anesthesia are anesthesia machines. Only three years later Joseph W. Gale ... Wawersik, J (May-June 1991). "History of anesthesia in Germany". Journal of Clinical Anesthesia. 3 (3): 235-244. doi:10.1016/ ... Gale, J; Waters, R (1932). "Closed endobronchial anesthesia in thoracic surgery: preliminary report". Anesthesia and Analgesia ...
... rectal anesthesia, or intravenous anesthesia. While otherwise effective, these techniques did not protect the airway from ... Wawersik, Juergen (1991). "History of Anesthesia in Germany". Journal of Clinical Anesthesia. 3 (3): 235-44. doi:10.1016/0952- ... After World War I, further advances were made in the field of intratracheal anesthesia. Among these were those made by Sir Ivan ... 2000). Anesthesia, Volume 1 (5th ed.). Philadelphia: Churchill Livingstone. ISBN 978-0-443-07995-5. Retrieved 6 September 2010 ...
... typically entails 40-80 core samples taken from the prostate under general anesthesia. This ... or abnormal rectal examinations. Prostate biopsy Summary of Fee Schedule Policies, Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, ...
After re-entering the pelvis, it breaks off into three branches known as the inferior rectal nerve, the perineal nerve, and ... These diagnostic blocks can also be used in place of spinal anesthesia during delivery. Quantitative sensory threshold testing ... Pudendal nerve terminal motor latency test, an invasive diagnostic test that involves a rectal or vaginal exam. Diagnoses are ... Shafik A (1997). "Role of pudendal canal syndrome in the etiology of fecal incontinence in rectal prolapse". Digestion. 58 (5 ...
... rectal, intravenous, and spinal anesthesia. Of these first famous anesthetics, only nitrous oxide is still widely used today, ... Spinal anesthesia is a "one-shot" injection that provides rapid onset and profound sensory anesthesia with lower doses of ... General anesthesia (as opposed to sedation or regional anesthesia) has three main goals: lack of movement (paralysis), ... Alice Magaw, born in November 1860, is often referred to as "The Mother of Anesthesia". Her renown as the personal anesthesia ...
"Regional Anesthesia in Rectal Work" (1908) "Penetrating Wound of Rectum and Bladder" (1909) "Some of the Less Common Rectal ...
... anesthesia, intimate examinations (such as rectal examination, gynecological examination, urological examination, andrological ... Anesthesia fetishism is a sexual fetish for anesthesia. This may include the sexual attraction to the equipment, processes, ... Edgeplay may involve obtaining and scening with various anesthesia-related paraphernalia-usually anesthesia masks for ... Older-style anesthesia masks of black rubber, still in occasional use today, are one of the more common elements fetishized, ...
Anesthesia can also increase the risk of developing blood clots and lead to pulmonary embolism or deep venous thrombosis. (DVT ... The first step is usually a digital rectal examination, to examine the tone of the sphincter and to determine if preparation ... This sedation is called "twilight anesthesia". For some patients it is not fully effective, so they are indeed awake for the ... Signs of complications include severe abdominal pain, fevers and chills, or rectal bleeding (more than half a cup or 100ml). ...
Severe rectal tears often result in death or euthanasia. However, the diagnostic benefits of a rectal examination almost always ... At times anesthesia and a rolling procedure, in which the horse is placed in left lateral recumbency and rolled to right ... Temperature should be taken prior to rectal examination, as the introduction of air will falsely lower rectal temperature. ... Rectal biopsy is rarely performed due to its risks of abscess formation, rectal perforation and peritonitis, and because it ...
Depending on the kind of operation, anesthesia may be provided locally or as general anesthesia. Spinal anesthesia may be used ... Clinics in Colon and Rectal Surgery. 30 (3): 162-171. doi:10.1055/s-0037-1598156. ISSN 1531-0043. PMC 5498162. PMID 28684933. ... Modern pain control through anesthesia was discovered in the mid-19th century. Before the advent of anesthesia, surgery was a ... if general anesthesia was administered). After completion of surgery, the person is transferred to the post anesthesia care ...
Its rectal use was particularly favored for pediatrics, head or neck surgery, or in mentally unstable or anxious patients. ... Bromal hydrate (2,2,2-tribromoethanol-1,1-diol), a compound also recognized to produce general anesthesia in animals, is ... Robert E. Meyer and Richard E. Fish (2005) "A review of tribromoethanol anesthesia for production of genetically engineered ... Meyer RE, Fish RE (November 2005). "A review of tribromoethanol anesthesia for production of genetically engineered mice and ...
Anesthesia often accompanies surgery, and anesthesiologists and nurse anesthetists may oversee this aspect of surgery. ... Cardiac surgery (in the United States considered part of cardiothoracic surgery) Colon and rectal surgery Craniofacial surgery ... Developed Epi-LASIK.) Fidel Pagés (pioneer of epidural anesthesia) Wilder Penfield (neurosurgery) Gholam A. Peyman (Inventor of ...
However, retained rectal mucusa can develop dysplasia over time especially if cuffitis is an ongoing complication. Cancer can ... It is treated with dilitation or stretching under anesthesia. Some people are also prescribed home dilitation routine using a ... For example, if a rectal remnant remains, UC disease can be retained in the small remnant. Active disease feels similar to ... Hand Sewn: Surgeons typically use this type of anal anastomosis to remove all of the rectal mucosal layer, although very small ...
A suppository is a solid dosage form that fits for rectal administration. In hospice care, a specialized rectal catheter, ... Intrathecal (into the spinal canal) is most commonly used for spinal anesthesia and chemotherapy. Intrauterine. Intravaginal ... The rectal route is an effective route of administration for many medications, especially those used at the end of life. The ... "Use of Rectal Meds for Palliative Care Patients. End of Life / Palliative Education Resource Center, Medical College of ...
... anesthesia, inhalation MeSH E03. - anesthesia, closed-circuit MeSH E03.155.197.364 - anesthesia, rectal MeSH ... anesthesia, caudal MeSH E03.155.086.231 - anesthesia, local MeSH E03.155.086.331 - anesthesia, spinal MeSH E03.155.086.711 - ... E03.155.253 - anesthesia, intratracheal MeSH E03.155.308 - anesthesia, intravenous MeSH E03.155.364 - anesthesia, obstetrical ... anesthesia, conduction MeSH E03.155.086.131 - anesthesia, epidural MeSH E03. - ...
Spinal anesthesia results in a blockade of the micturition reflex. Spinal anesthesia shows a higher risk of postoperative ... A TRUS biopsy of the prostate (trans-rectal ultra-sound guided) can distinguish between these prostate conditions. Serum urea ... Anesthesia: General anesthetics during surgery may cause bladder atony by acting as a smooth muscle relaxant. General ... saddle anesthesia), parasthesias, decreased anal sphincter tone, or altered deep tendon reflexes, an MRI of the lumbar spine ...
Due to its proximity to the anterior rectal wall, it can be stimulated from the anterior wall of the rectum or externally via ... Some devices are used under general anesthesia on humans who have certain types of anejaculation. Electroejaculation may also ... Prostate massage is part of the digital rectal examination (DRE) routinely given to men by urologists in order to look for ... It is strongly recommended that plenty of lubricant be used with prostate massagers to prevent rectal lining damage. A smaller ...
... originating from the superior rectal artery) 2-3 cm above the pectinate line. Once the superior rectal arteries are identified ... THD can be performed with conscious sedation, local or general anesthesia. After the operation, a high-fiber diet with plenty ... The arterial blood supply is based on the superior rectal (hemorrhoidal) artery. Just as veins in the leg weaken and become ... Los Angeles Colon and Rectal Surgical Associates. 2012. Dal Monte PP, Tagariello C, Sarago M, et al. (December 2007). " ...
In lambs, tail docking at the distal end of the caudal folds tends to minimize docking effects on incidence of rectal prolapse ... Routine tail-docking without anesthesia is illegal in the EU. The practice continues among large US pig producers. Many breeds ... Length of docked tail and the incidence of rectal prolapse in lambs. J. Anim. Sci. 81: 2725-2762. "Animal Welfare AVMA policy ... if it is not carried out correctly it may result in other problems such as ill thrift or rectal prolapse. ...
Nasal, rectal, inhalation and smoking are safer. The oral route is one of the safest and most comfortable, but of little ... anesthesia, and anticonvulsant effects. Depressants exert their effects through a number of different pharmacological ...
One exam that is performed is a digital rectal examination to examine the prostate. The doctor may refer the individual to ... Vaporization usually requires anesthesia. Physicians have recommended massaging the prostate regularly to reduce congestion in ... Symptoms are often patient-specific, and diagnosis includes a workup and a digital rectal examination. Individuals are often ...
There, two male doctors forced a pelvic exam, a rectal exam and an x-ray on her which she did not consent to, in front of other ... The warning was sent by the head of anesthesia who referred to the disease as the "Wuhan virus". El Paso Children's Hospital, ...
... is done during laparoscopy, which requires general anesthesia. General anesthesia is usually safe, but ... and that insertion of the vaginal trocar can cause possible rectal injury. When the needle is initially inserted, it is also ... While this method can be completed relatively quickly since anesthesia is not needed, there is a risk of tubal spasm, which ... During the procedure, topical anesthesia is often given before insertion of a needle into the vagina. Saline is flushed through ...
Such use is common in anesthesia or critical-care practices; it is especially useful in counteracting the hypotensive effect of ... "Phenylephrine rectal". WebMD. Retrieved 4 April 2015. "Phenylephrine Hydrochloride Ophthalmic Solution, USP 2.5% - Sterile" ( ... Hemorrhoids are caused by swollen veins in the rectal area. Phenylephrine can be used topically to prevent symptoms of ...
Maloney N, Vargas HD (May 2005). "Acute intestinal pseudo-obstruction (Ogilvie's syndrome)". Clinics in Colon and Rectal ... Anesthesia and Analgesia. 127 (6): 1434-1439. doi:10.1213/ANE.0000000000003734. PMID 30169405. S2CID 52142441. Howland RD, ...
... anesthesia commonly causes tonic-clonic movements (greater than 10% of people) and rarely hypertonia. Vomiting can be ... Sublingual and rectal bioavailabilities are intermediate at approximately 25-50%. After absorption ketamine is rapidly ... 1 Anesthesia and Analgesia in Rodents, Washington College, 2012, pp. 1-2, archived from the original on 4 August 2013, ... The use of ketamine in anesthesia reflects its characteristics. It is a drug of choice for short-term procedures when muscle ...
Once the patient is under anesthesia, an incision is made in front of the anus (the anterior perineum). Scar tissue is removed ... This condition may cause a foul-smelling, mucous rectal discharge from the distal, unused colon. Kaiser, Andreas M. "ASCRS core ... The effects of SNS may include increased resting and squeeze anal tone, and improved rectal sensitivity. There is reported ... The procedure is carried out under local anesthesia (with or without conscious sedation) on an outpatient basis. There appear ...
Defalque RJ, Wright AJ (October 2003). "Scophedal (SEE) was it a fad or a miracle drug?". Bulletin of Anesthesia History. 21 (4 ... The bioavailability of oral administration of oxycodone averages within a range of 60 to 87%, with rectal administration ... Davis PJ, Cladis FP (15 October 2016). Smith's Anesthesia for Infants and Children E-Book. Elsevier Health Sciences. pp. 234-. ... Chestnut's Obstetric Anesthesia: Principles and Practice E-Book. Elsevier Health Sciences. pp. 611-. ISBN 978-0-323-11374-8. ...
In such cases, a digital rectal examination elicits tenderness in the rectovesical pouch. Coughing causes point tenderness in ... During an open appendectomy, the person with suspected appendicitis is placed under general anesthesia to keep the muscles ... Laparoscopic surgery requires general anesthesia, and it can last up to two hours. Laparoscopic appendectomy has several ... so his or her vital signs can be closely monitored to detect anesthesia- or surgery-related complications. Pain medication may ...
Digital rectal examination may allow a doctor to detect prostate abnormalities. Cystoscopy shows the urinary tract from inside ... The procedure is done under spinal anesthesia, a resectoscope is inserted inside the penis and the extra prostatic tissue is ... Options include the digital rectal exam and the PSA blood test. Such screening is controversial, and for many, may lead to ... The monitoring process may involve PSA tests, digital rectal examination, or repeated biopsies every few months. The goal of ...
Historically, many rectal abscesses are caused by bacteria common in the digestive system, such as E. coli. While this still ... Treatment is possible in an emergency department under local anesthesia, but it is highly preferred to be formally admitted to ... Anorectal abscess (also known as an anal/rectal abscess, or perianal/perirectal abscess) is an abscess adjacent to the anus. ... Anal abscesses, without treatment, are likely to spread and affect other parts of the body, particularly the groin and rectal ...
Archived 17 June 2022 at the Wayback Machine Kaplan JM, Reich DL, Lake CL, Konstadt SN (15 May 2006). Cardiac Anesthesia (5th ... Brigo F, Nardone R, Tezzon F, Trinka E (August 2015). "Nonintravenous midazolam versus intravenous or rectal diazepam for the ... Midazolam, sold under the brand name Versed among others, is a benzodiazepine medication used for anesthesia and procedural ... Barash PG, Cullen BF, Stoelting RK, Cahalan MD (1 April 2009). Clinical Anesthesia (6th ed.). Lippincott Williams Wilkins. p. ...
In some cases, general anesthesia was used because sedatives were ineffective. Treatment in the emergency department for severe ... Reported modalities of intake include oral consumption, insufflation, smoking, rectal and intravenous use. It is supposedly ...
Meclizine (Bonine, Antivert) Promethazine (Pentazine, Phenergan, Promacot) can be administered via a rectal suppository, ... is given at the onset of anesthesia and has been shown in recent trials to be as effective as ondansetron, but most effective ...
... a comparison of total intravenous versus balanced anesthesia". Anesthesia and Analgesia. 101 (6): 1700-5. doi:10.1213/01.ane. ... stress response and postoperative immune function after laparoscopic or conventional total mesorectal excision in rectal cancer ... A Comparison of Total Intravenous Versus Balanced Anesthesia:". Anesthesia & Analgesia: 1700-1705. doi:10.1213/01.ane. ... Isoflurane/Fentanyl anesthesia for major abdominal surgery: Effects on hormones and hemodynamics". Medical Science Monitor. 14 ...
Irreversible urge incontinence due to lesions of the sphincter muscle or a diminished rectal capacity due to resection of too ... Many cases have been successfully performed under local or regional anesthesia and the procedure is suited to day case ... Newer surgical procedures include stapled transanal rectal resection (STARR) and procedure for prolapse and hemorrhoids (PPH). ... and stapled transanal rectal resection (STARR) procedures". Tech Coloproctol. 12 (1): 7-19. doi:10.1007/s10151-008-0391-0. PMC ...
Angioedema is also a common response to oral, vaginal, or rectal contact. Symptoms of more severe hypersensitivity include both ... Hepner, David L.; Castells, Mariana C. (April 2003). "Latex Allergy: An Update". Anesthesia & Analgesia. 96 (4): 1219-1229. doi ...
It is a minimally invasive therapy which can be performed with local anesthesia, as an outpatient procedure. Men with an ... The most common adverse effects include acute urinary retention, rectal bleeding, pain, blood in the urine/sperm, and urinary ... After local anesthesia is placed, an interventional radiologist obtains access to the arterial system by piercing the femoral ...
Regional anesthesia is also effective and recommended whenever possible. It is important to use caution when administering ... They can be administered as oral, parenteral, buccal, transdermal, nasal or rectal formulations. It is recommended to start at ... A panel, including the American Pain Society and American Society of Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine, recommends ... Becker DE (2010). "Pain management: Part 1: Managing acute and postoperative dental pain". Anesthesia Progress. 57 (2): 67-78, ...
General anesthesia is less commonly used for cryosurgery meaning it can often be performed in an outpatient clinic setting. It ... Both types of radiation therapy may cause diarrhea and mild rectal bleeding due to radiation proctitis, as well as potential ... Radiation has lower rates of incontinence compared with surgery, but has higher rates of occasional mild rectal bleeding. Men ... A new method to reduce rectal radiation injury in prostate cancer patients involves the use of an absorbable spacer placed ...
"Surgical technique to repair grade IV rectal tears in post-parturient mares". Vet Surg. 37 (4): 345-9. doi:10.1111/j.1532-950X. ... or to permit surgery under sedation rather than general anesthesia. For some surgical procedures, this is reported to be ...
One is a topical ointment, the other a rectal suppository. In the United Kingdom both products are contract manufactured by ... Anesthesia, Glucocorticoids, Sanofi). ...
Wood was heavily sedated (surgical anesthesia) within four minutes from start, but took almost two hours to transition to stage ... Hydromorphone is available in parenteral, rectal, subcutaneous, and oral formulations, and also can be administered via ... Chestnut's Obstetric Anesthesia: Principles and Practice E-Book. Elsevier Health Sciences. pp. 611-. ISBN 978-0-323-11374-8.{{ ...
... for induction of anesthesia and as adjuncts to anesthesia. Shorter E (2005). "Benzodiazepines". A Historical Dictionary of ... In the community, intravenous administration is not practical and so rectal diazepam or buccal midazolam are used, with a ...
In general, cosmetic surgery on infants is delayed until the infant is older and better able to tolerate anesthesia. If the ... "Comparative Study between Drained and Drainless Sub-rectal Mesh Hernioplasty in Paraumbilical Hernia". Egyptian Journal of ...
Isbell H (1971). "Clinical Aspects of the Various Forms of Nonmedical Use of Drugs, Part II". Anesthesia & Analgesia. 50 (6): ... rectal temperature, kneejerk reflex sensitivity, and pupil diameter (opiates cause constriction (miosis) while LSD causes ... Isbell, Harris (1970). "Ninth Annual Baxter-Travenol Lecture". Anesthesia & Analgesia. 49 (6): 1032. doi:10.1213/00000539- ...
Treatments tend to be 40 minutes or longer, resulting in greater OR time, more anesthesia and greater blood loss when compared ... locally advanced and recurrent rectal cancer, skin cancer, retroperitoneal sarcoma, pancreatic cancer, and selected ...
... and rectal cancer, among others. [6] Designation: CGN(C) - Certified in Gastroenterology Nursing (Canada) National Nursing ... Monitor patients who are recovering from anesthesia and medical procedures. [12] Designation: PANC(C) - PeriAnesthesia Nurse ...
The accuracy from the axilla is known to be inferior to the rectal temperature. Rectal thermometer temperature-taking, ... thermometer placed on skin against oesophageal/pharyngeal placed thermometers in participants undergoing general anesthesia". ... insertion of a rectal thermometer. Also, if not taken the correct way, rectal temperature-taking can be uncomfortable and in ... Rectal temperature-taking is considered the method of choice for infants. The ear thermometer was invented by Dr. Theodor H. ...
Modified Perianal/Pericapsular Anesthesia for Transrectal Biopsy of Prostate in Patients with Anal Rectal Problems. In: Urology ... Modified Perianal/Pericapsular Anesthesia for Transrectal Biopsy of Prostate in Patients with Anal Rectal Problems. / Kravchick ... Modified Perianal/Pericapsular Anesthesia for Transrectal Biopsy of Prostate in Patients with Anal Rectal Problems. ... title = "Modified Perianal/Pericapsular Anesthesia for Transrectal Biopsy of Prostate in Patients with Anal Rectal Problems", ...
Nursing Care During the Administration of: Rectal Anesthesia. GARDNER, BERNICE GARDNER, BERNICE Less ...
I am/have/hadinduction of anesthesia. I am/have/hadrectal carcinoma. ... Validation of the French Version of the Low Anterior Resection Syndrome (LARS) Among Rectal Cancer Patients duration of 24 ... This study will be supported by the French Research Group of Rectal Cancer. Surgery. in order to allow the ... colorectal surgery and compare it with robotic surgery for patients with rectal cancer and rectosigmoid junction cancer. ...
General anesthesia is used and the patient is deep asleep and pain-free. The surgeon makes an incision near the base of the ... General anesthesia is used and the patient is deep asleep and pain-free. The surgeon makes an incision near the base of the ...
... pediatric rectal prolapse is a relatively common benign disorder in children. However, without proper treatment, it can become ... The patient is placed in the lithotomy or left lateral position under general anesthesia. A 20-gauge spinal needle is ... Rectal prolapse, rectal intussusception, rectocele, solitary rectal ulcer syndrome, and enterocele. Gastroenterol Clin North Am ... Khushbakht S, ul Haq A. Rectal Duplication Cyst: A Rare Cause of Rectal Prolapse in a Toddler. J Coll Physicians Surg Pak. 2015 ...
To avoid excessive handling and anesthesia, serum samples, nasal and rectal swabs, and rectal temperatures were collected from ... Rectal temperatures showed no obvious trends and were probably confounded by stresses of anesthesia and handling. Most of the ... Viral RNA from rectal swabs was extracted by using the same procedure with addition of half of an Inhibitex tablet (Stool ... Nasal and rectal swabs were collected by using dacron-tipped applicators placed into viral transport media after swabbing. All ...
Simple distal rectal evacuation is required for a clean operative field. Distal rectal evacuation is best achieved by small- ... This procedure can be done in an outpatient setting with local anesthesia, [51, 52, 53, 54] similar to the protocol used for ... A band ligature is passed through an anoscope and placed on the rectal mucosa proximal to the dentate line. The tissue necroses ... Lord dilatation, in which the anal canal is manually stretched under anesthesia, is seldom used in the United States, and many ...
17:09anesthesia and into the postoperative period.. *17:12These patients are spending ...
Anesthesia, Nerve Blocks and Pain Management. - Management of Benign Ano-Rectal Disorders. ... an examination under anesthesia and anal dilatation for an anal fissure and a hemorrhoidectomy, as well as an anterior ...
A pulse oximeter with a rectal probe was used. Once the procedure was completed, the animals were maintained on oxygen until ... Field Anesthesia of Two Species of Pinnipeds (Arctocephalus galapagoensis and Zalophus wollebaeki) Found in the Galapagos ... Anesthesia with isoflurane has been reported in similar species to provide a quick induction, an ideal state of immobilization ... Anesthesia of California sea lions (Zalophus californianus) in 11 reproductive rookeries of the Gulf of California, Mexico. In ...
This arises because more than 97% of all prostate biopsy are performed via a transrectal approach that introduces rectal ... Evaluation of Transperineal Biopsy Under Local Anesthesia. The safety and scientific validity of this study is the ... Evaluation of Transperineal Biopsy Under Local Anesthesia Official Title ICMJE Evaluation of Transperineal Biopsy Under Local ... Second, when transrectal biopsy was initially adopted over 40 years ago, antibiotic resistance of rectal flora was not a ...
Complete a full neural examination including checking for saddle anesthesia and rectal tone. If compression is suspected ... Digital rectal examination may reveal an abnormal prostate gland. Commonly, the gland may be hard and may have nodular ... Additional side effects from radiation therapy include diarrhea and rectal irritation, though newer techniques of radiation ...
For infants and toddlers, be sure to use a rectal thermometer correctly. A rectal thermometer may accidentally poke a hole in ( ... General anesthesia is the most common type of anesthesia used. It may be given in gas form that is breathed in through a mask. ... Regional anesthesia may be used for certain surgical procedures. Part of the body is numbed by injecting anesthesia near the ... Types of anesthesia. Your child may receive any of the following types of anesthesia during surgery. ...
Anesthesia is known to influence, for example, cortical dynamics and synaptic excitation and inhibition30,31. Thus, to validate ... Core body temperature was monitored using a rectal probe and temperature maintained at 37−38 °C using a feedback-controlled ... Mice were returned to their home cage after anesthesia was reversed with an intraperitoneal injection of a flumazenil (0.5 mg/ ... Mice were returned to their home cage after the anesthesia was reversed with an intraperitoneal injection of a flumazenil (0.5 ...
61. Diagnostic procedure Examination under anesthesia An examination of the perineum, digital rectal examination, and anoscopy ... The superior rectal vein drains into the portal system via the inferior mesenteric vein. The middle rectal vein drains into the ... 69. Rectal Prolapse Rectal prolapse (procidentia) is a protrusion of the full thickness of the rectum through the anus. The ... Simple distal rectal evacuation is required for a clean operative field. Distal rectal evacuation is best achieved by small- ...
Postoperative anastomotic stricture is a common complication after kinds of rectal cancer surgery, especially in low anterior ... Under general anesthesia, lithotomy position was taken and the catheter was indwelling. The perineal and rectal areas were ... Postoperative CT scan of one case showed that the rectal tube was narrow after rectal cancer surgery (Fig. 1). Anal finger ... Rectal cancer is the fourth leading causes of cancer-related death around the world[11]. Along with the advance of low anterior ...
Exam under anesthesia, with or without biopsy X. Transanal excision or fulguration of rectal tumor X. ... Colon and Rectal Surgery Fellow. (PGY-6) (training dates: 08/01/2022 - 07/31/2023). Resident Supervision will consist of four ... Colon and Rectal Surgery Procedures that the Fellow will be able to perform with Direct Supervision or Indirect Supervision ... As a Colon and Rectal Surgery Fellow (usually a PGY-6 or PGY-7), the Fellow can perform any general surgery or vascular surgery ...
Rectal Punch Biopsy. A rectal punch biopsy requires your child to be asleep under general anesthesia to allow the doctor to ... Rectal punch biopsy. A rectal punch biopsy collects a larger tissue sample from the rectum. It is performed while your child is ... Rectal Suction Biopsy. A rectal suction biopsy is a painless procedure because there are no nerve fibers for pain in the rectum ... Rectal suction biopsy. A rectal suction biopsy is a quick, painless procedure that can be performed in a doctors office. A ...
Prostate/rectal ultrasound may be used to stage and watch treatment progress of rectal cancer. It is also used to look at the ... Regional Anesthesia. With the guidance of ultrasound, anesthesia is injected near a nerve cluster to numb only the area of the ... Vaginal/Rectal Probe Covers. Disposable barrier membranes, such as Eclipse® Probe Cover and Eclipse 3D Probe Covers, that cover ... Types of regional anesthesia include the spinal and epidural block, the brachial plexus block, the femoral nerve block and the ...
... rectal, anal Fissure - rectal, anal Small bowel obstruction Excludes: Intestinal virus (1540.0). 2670.0 Diseases of the liver, ... 1220.0 Disturbances of sensation 1220.1 Loss of feeling (anesthesia) Includes: Numbness No response to pain 1220.2 Increased ... 24.2 1 173 Breast 24.3 1 174 Pelvic 24.4 1 175 Rectal 24.5 1 176 Skin 24.6 1 177 Visual acuity 24.7 1 178 Glaucoma 24.8 1 179 ... 0100 ANESTHETIC DRUGS 0117 Anesthetics, Local (Injectable) 0118 Anesthetics, General 0119 Adjuncts to Anesthesia / Analeptics ...
Data were recorded prior to induction; 5, 15, 30, 60, 90, and 120 minutes after induction of anesthesia; and 20 minutes after ... Results-Both propofol and alfaxalone-HPCD produced excellent induction of anesthesia, maintenance, and recovery. Respiratory ... anesthesia was maintained with the same agent (propofol, 0.25 mg/kg/min; alfaxalone-HPCD, 0.07 mg/kg/min) for 120 minutes. Dogs ... Each dog was sedated with acepromazine (0.02 mg/kg, IV) and hydromorphone (0.05 mg/kg, IV). Anesthesia was induced with ...
I have a rectal stricture. Last month I went to the hospital and had it dilated in the OR under general anesthesia. This week I ... Peri rectal abscess are there any alternative treatments for peri rectal absesses besides surgery? ... Rectal Itch and Crohns Disease Is there anything to help with puritus anni ? I have Crohns disease and had a small bowel ... My name is Toni and I recently turned 31 in March and I been struggling with severe pain, cramps, and rectal bleeding since I ...
Management of anesthesia. The following standardized general anesthesia protocol was used: induction with 2 mg/kg propofol and ... Rectal temperature was measured and maintained at normothermic levels with a forced-air blanket throughout the surgery. TXA was ... Duration of Anesthesia (min). 326.1 ± 58.4. 352.4 ± 45.3. 0.086. Values are mean ± standard deviation, median (interquartile ... 1. Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Anesthesia and Pain Research Institute, Yonsei University College of ...
Anesthesia was continued with halothane in N2O and O2 (70:30). Heart rate was monitored, and artificial respiration was ... adjusted to maintain the end-tidal CO2 at 4.5-6%. The rectal temperature was maintained at 37°C. Single injections of ...
Prostate cancer is screened for by digital rectal examination and by measuring serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels. If ... Nerve block anesthesia is administered in the area around the prostate and over the perineum (a region that separates the ... The technique can be used even if the patient does not have a patent anus, due to prior surgery for rectal cancer. ... Spinal or general anesthesia is sometimes recommended in these patients in order to achieve adequate analgesia while taking so ...
Rectal Prolapse, Idiopathic Constipation, Bowel Management Program and Spina Bifida, Bowel Management Program and Prune Belly ... Examination Under Anesthesia, Introduction to Bowel Management, Idiopathic/Functional Constipation: Management Algorithm, ...
Multimodality treatment of rectal cancer. Sphincter preserving procedures for rectal cancer. Laparoscopic colon and rectal ... i>ANESTHESIA AND ANALGESIA,/i>. LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS.,capCitation:,span class=\title\>\n ,span>Integrated ... Board Certification: American Board of Colon and Rectal Surgery, Colon and Rectal Surgery (1999) ... hope to learn whether perfusion characteristics of rectal masses may be predictive of response to treatment and whether rectal ...
  • Spinal or general anesthesia is sometimes recommended in these patients in order to achieve adequate analgesia while taking so high a number of tissue samples. (
  • Inhalational anesthetics, which are typically used to induce and maintain anesthesia during these cases, provide no analgesia. (
  • Possible regional anesthesia techniques include epidural analgesia, spinal analgesia (sometimes referred to as the intrathecal or subarachnoid space), or a combination of epidural and spinal analgesia. (
  • Treatment for locally advanced rectal cancer (LARC) consists of chemoradiation therapy (CRT) and surgery. (
  • Rectal cancers are treated by surgery, preceded by chemoradiation in case of locally advanced rectal cancer (LARC). (
  • A phase II study of preoperative chemoradiation with tegafur-uracil plus leucovorin for locally advanced rectal cancer with pharmacogenetic analysis. (
  • In patients with cystic fibrosis, initiation of adequate pancreatic enzyme replacement usually results in cessation of rectal prolapse. (
  • [ 45 ] Radiographically, different grades have been proposed, from low-grade (recto-rectal intussusception) to high-grade (rectoanal intussusception) rectal prolapse. (
  • An acutely strangulated rectal prolapse should be covered with warm moist towels, and the patient should be brought to the emergency department immediately. (
  • Picture of infant with full-thickness rectal prolapse. (
  • Part of the body is numbed by injecting anesthesia near the spinal cord or nerves in the neck, arms, or legs. (
  • Regional anesthesia is contraindicated in the presence of actual or anticipated serious maternal hemorrhage , refractory maternal hypotension, coagulopathy, untreated bacteremia , raised intracranial pressure, skin or soft tissue infection at the site of the epidural or spinal placement, and anticoagulant therapy. (
  • Objectives: To modify our technique of perianal anesthesia and use it in patients with painful conditions of the rectum and/or anus. (
  • A rectal thermometer may accidentally poke a hole in (perforate) the rectum. (
  • Superior rectal artery supplies the proximal rectum. (
  • Inferior rectal artery supplies the lower rectum and anal canal. (
  • A rectal punch biopsy collects a larger tissue sample from the rectum. (
  • A rectal suction biopsy is a painless procedure because there are no nerve fibers for pain in the rectum. (
  • For fistulas in the perianal area or that involve digestive organs such as the anus, rectum, or colon, a gastroenterologist (a specialist of disorders of the stomach and intestines) or a colon and rectal surgeon may place a seton. (
  • Rectal cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the rectum. (
  • Tests that examine the rectum and colon are used to diagnose rectal cancer. (
  • Anoscopy and sigmoidoscopy are used to evaluate symptoms referable to the rectum or anus (eg, bright rectal bleeding, discharge, protrusions, pain). (
  • High variation in maximum dose to the rectum were observed which might be due to rectal filling. (
  • During the STARR procedure, a stapled resection of the redundant rectal wall is performed. (
  • Digital rectal examination should always follow this procedure to verify complete reduction. (
  • While rare report on the use of the procedure of bipolar plasma kinetic vaporization resection for treating rectal anastomosis strictures by cutting the scars, especially for the type of hyperplastic scars related space occupying strictures. (
  • As a Colon and Rectal Surgery Fellow (usually a PGY-6 or PGY-7), the Fellow can perform any general surgery or vascular surgery skill or procedure deemed appropriate by his/her attending physician. (
  • A rectal suction biopsy is a quick, painless procedure that can be performed in a doctor's office. (
  • You can support and calm your child by staying with him or her prior to the procedure and before anesthesia is given. (
  • I rationalized the risks of the procedure - bowel perforation, complications from anesthesia - because it would put both me and the patient at ease to know his symptoms weren't caused by something dangerous. (
  • Some men need anesthesia for this procedure. (
  • The current video demonstrates the procedure of total proctocolectomy with an end-ileostomy in a 32-year-old patient with familial adenomatous polyposis accompanied by early-stage lower rectal cancer. (
  • Under general anesthesia, the patient was placed in lithotomy-Trendelenburg position at the beginning, and the position was continuously modified according to the dissected colon segment during the procedure. (
  • During surgery, your child will receive anesthesia. (
  • Your child may receive any of the following types of anesthesia during surgery. (
  • General anesthesia causes your child to fall asleep and not feel pain during surgery. (
  • Monitored anesthesia care (also called monitored sedation) is often used for surgery that is short, and that does not go deep into the body. (
  • He or she will go over with you the type of anesthesia your child will receive during surgery. (
  • During surgery, the anesthesiologist or nurse anesthetist controls the amount of anesthesia your child receives. (
  • Anesthesia is stopped once surgery is complete. (
  • Postoperative anastomotic stricture is a common complication after kinds of rectal cancer surgery, especially in low anterior resection and anal retention patients. (
  • To the best of my knowledge, it had not been reported to be applied for narrow scars after rectal surgery. (
  • To analysis retrospectively the clinical data of 12 patients who suffered anastomotic strictures after rectal cancer surgery in the First Hospital of Jilin University from Feb 2015 to December 2017. (
  • The incidence of postoperative anastomotic strictures after rectal surgery was reported to be different due to different definitions, population and surgery in previous studies. (
  • After approval from the IRB of The First Hospital of Jilin University,the data of 12 PAS patients underwent bipolar plasma kinetic vaporization resection after rectal cancer surgery in the First Hospital of Jilin University from February 2015 to December 2017 were retrospectively analyzed. (
  • 3 months after rectal surgery, anastomotic stricture was detected by imaging and endoscopy before stoma rejection. (
  • Colon and Rectal Surgery Fellows are supervised either directly or indirectly with the supervising attending available to provide direct supervision. (
  • PURPOSE: This phase II trial is studying how well giving capecitabine and oxaliplatin together with radiation therapy works in treating patients who are undergoing surgery for stage I rectal cancer. (
  • These guidelines exclude neither patients who have undergone rectal surgery nor those with epidural analgesic catheters. (
  • 3 Regarding ERAS protocols for colorectal surgery specifically, recommendations in the 2017 clinical practice guidelines from the American Society of Colon and Rectal Surgeons (ASCRS) and the Society of American Gastrointestinal and Endoscopic Surgeons (SAGES) include implementation of a multimodal, opioid-sparing pain management plan prior to anesthesia administration. (
  • D esflurane is indicated as an inhalation agent for induction and/or maintenance of anesthesia for inpatient and outpatient surgery in adults (see PRECAUTIONS in the prescribing information). (
  • To develop an understanding of the role of anesthesia, critical care and surgery in global public health. (
  • The Lancet Commission and the Global Surgery Founda- plines without specialist training, with little or no support tion in 2015 highlighted the urgent need to improve the from a perioperative multidisciplinary team(MDT), no access gap to safe surgery and anesthesia for essential access to a perioperative nurse coordinator and a lack of surgical services in low- and middle-income countries quality patient outcomes data. (
  • Removal of a sebaceous cyst can be done using local anesthesia by a dermatologist, general surgeon or urologist. (
  • Local anesthesia can be performed by a ring block around the teat, supplemented with infusion of lidocaine into the teat. (
  • Health history affects the risk of developing rectal cancer. (
  • Anesthesia with isoflurane has been reported in similar species to provide a quick induction, an ideal state of immobilization, a high margin of safety, and a complete and quick recovery. (
  • Each animal was restrained manually and isoflurane (Forane ® , Abbott Laboratories Limited, Queenborough, Kent, UK) was administered at 5% in oxygen (1-2 L/minute) for induction using a portable anesthesia machine designed for humans. (
  • Anesthesia may be started in a room called an induction room. (
  • Desflurane is not recommended for induction of anesthesia in pediatric patients because of a high incidence of moderate to severe upper airway adverse events (see WARNINGS in the prescribing information). (
  • After induction of anesthesia with agents other than desflurane, and tracheal intubation, desflurane is indicated for maintenance of anesthesia in infants and children. (
  • Random assignment of patients to the temperature management groups was done during the induction of anesthesia. (
  • The American Society of Colon and Rectal Surgeons Clinical Practice Guidelines for the Management of Hemorrhoids. (
  • Methods: A total of 31 consecutive patients with anal-rectal problems underwent prostate needle biopsy. (
  • Conclusions: Modified perianal anesthesia can be used for transrectal ultrasound-guided biopsy of the prostate in patients with anal-rectal problems, because it provides significant pain relief. (
  • There were 11 males and 1 females, and 11 the patients adopted radically rectal resection by laparoscopy and prophylactic ileostomy. (
  • Nutritional care plays an essential role in patients with abdominal and rectal diseases who need to undergo surgeries. (
  • This study follows the 'cohort multiple randomized controlled trial' (cmRCT) design: rectal cancer patients are included in a prospective cohort that registers clinical baseline, follow-up, survival and QoL data. (
  • This is to help minimize the need for emergency anesthesia in patients for whom such anesthesia would be especially hazardous. (
  • Patients are put under anesthesia for the placement of a seton. (
  • All patients included in the study were undergoing colon or rectal surgeries, which are typically associated with a high risk of infection. (
  • A [specific] heat-moisture exchanger … was used in the respiratory circuit for patients receiving general anesthesia. (
  • The patients will have more rectal discomfort, rectal tenesmus (feeling of incomplete defecation), and pain if given the RBL in two locations at the same time. (
  • Some patients may have slight rectal bleeding in a week. (
  • In 1998, the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry established guidelines for the use of conscious and deep sedation and general anesthesia in pediatric patients undergoing clinical intervention. (
  • These guidelines reflect the current understanding of the appropriate monitoring of the needs and characteristics of the five functional levels of sedation and general anesthesia that can be used in pediatric patients 5 . (
  • On occasion, patients with other malignant (e.g., neuroendocrine, melanoma, sarcoma, and gastrointestinal stromal tumors, to name a few) or benign rectal tumors that are deemed too large for endoscopic removal may require low anterior resection. (
  • Sur 275 patients, 72,0 % ont ressenti une douleur postopératoire d'intensité modérée à sévère au repos et 89,3 % en action. (
  • La majorité des patients des deux groupes a présenté un temps opératoire de 1 et 2 heures, soit 83,3% (ML) et 60,9% (IT).Presque la moitié des patients ML (41,7%) a eu un réveil rapide en moins de 10 minutes après la fin de la chirurgie, aucun dans le groupe IT mais par contre 26,1% de patients avec un réveil plus retardé. (
  • If you notice significant rectal bleeding, then you should call your doctor's office. (
  • An anesthesiologist will manage your child's sedation and/or anesthesia. (
  • Trainees will learn about perioperative patient care and the management of general anesthesia, regional anesthesia and sedation in a resource-poor setting. (
  • Light sedation (oral), sedation with nitrous oxide (N2O) (inhalation) and deep sedation (rectal, nasal or intramuscular) are alternatives to general anesthesia that may be used when clinical rehabilitation is limited to a few teeth 1 . (
  • Commonly performed procedures include laparoscopic ventral rectopexy (LVR) and stapled transanal rectal resection (STARR). (
  • ASCRS U , (
  • Digital rectal examination may reveal an abnormal prostate gland. (
  • Prostate cancer is screened for by digital rectal examination and by measuring serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels. (
  • Nerve block anesthesia is administered in the area around the prostate and over the perineum (a region that separates the scrotum from the rectal opening), where a small incision is to be made. (
  • Sexually intact male dogs over 5 years of age should have a rectal examination of the prostate, even in the absence of clinical signs, to detect asymptomatic enlargement of the prostate due to BPH. (
  • Some authors have found that they can identify the presence of resistant bacteria, which might change antibiotic prophylaxis prior to biopsy, by performing a rectal swab culture on a previous visit. (
  • In this study, we screened 156 rectal swab samples from apparently healthy bats (n = 96), pigs (n = 9), cattles (n = 9), stray dogs (n = 11), stray cats (n = 11) and monkeys (n = 20) using a HTS metagenomics approach. (
  • Residents and fellows will have the opportunity to use their skills as educators and clinicians to augment the practice of anesthesia and critical care in Botswana. (
  • or to expand knowledge of established and evolving biomedical, clinical, epidemiological and social-behavioral sciences, as well as the application of this knowledge to the safe practice of anesthesia in austere and remote settings. (
  • Pharmacogenomics of analgesics in anesthesia practice: A current update of literature. (
  • As exacerbation of neurological diseases might be attributed without cause to the anesthetic agent, many clinicians avoid regional anesthesia in its presence. (
  • Fortunately, these problems can be recognized early so, it is important to ensure that symptoms of anorectal diseases such as rectal pain and bleeding are thoroughly evaluated by the doctor. (
  • 3 , 5 , - , 15 Allogeneic blood transfusion, not uncommon in large abdominal procedures, is also widely recognized as immunosuppressive, as are general anesthesia 16 , - , 19 and opioid analgesics. (
  • Medetomidine and ketamine are injectable drugs that can be used in combination to induce general anesthesia in rats. (
  • Surgical incisions required in major surgeries, such as abdominal or rectal surgeries can be properly healed if these nutrients are given in appropriate amounts before and after operations. (
  • Signs of rectal cancer include a change in bowel habits or blood in the stool. (
  • These and other signs and symptoms may be caused by rectal cancer or by other conditions. (
  • Journal of Clinical Anesthesia. (
  • To refine the clinical skills required for providing anesthesia and critical care in austere and remote settings where technology and other resources are limited. (
  • Quantitative blood pressure measurement is a critical parameter for assessing cardiovascular health, monitoring physiologic status under anesthesia, and making clinical decisions. (
  • If you don't feel comfortable taking a rectal temperature, use another method. (
  • Pregnancy status did not affect the rats' pulse rate, respiratory rate, rectal temperature, oxygen saturation or perfusion index during 2 h of anesthesia. (
  • Rectal temperature, locomotor activity, state of alertness, arterial blood gases, respiratory frequency and heart rate, mean arterial blood pressure, apneas and cardiac decelerations, and heart-rate and respiratory-rate variability (HRV and RRV) were assessed. (
  • In addition, LPS injection led to a biphasic increase in rectal temperature ( p = 0.01 at ∼30 and 180 min) and in respiratory frequency and heart rate ( p = 0.0005 and 0.005, respectively), and to an increase in cardiac decelerations ( p = 0.05). (
  • A pulse oximeter with a rectal probe was used. (
  • Rectal probe electroejaculation (RPE). (
  • Both penile vibratory stimulation and rectal probe electroejaculation can lead to autonomic dysreflexia, a dangerous rise in blood pressure. (
  • Regional anesthesia may be used for certain surgical procedures. (
  • Postoperative transverse colostomy was performed in 1 cases because of delayed rectal vaginal fistula and pelvic infection. (
  • Dr. Clune is the Director of Anesthesia and Critical Care at SLH and the Program Director for the Anesthesia and Critical Care resident and fellowship rotations there. (
  • [1] Symptoms generally include severe pain with bowel movements and potentially small amounts of rectal bleeding . (
  • Broad use for scenario development: pain, preoperative medication, or for anesthesia support. (
  • General anesthesia is used and the patient is deep asleep and pain-free. (
  • It is performed while your child is asleep under diagnostic and interventional anesthesia . (
  • The rectal lining consists of red, glistening glandular mucosa, which has an autonomic nerve supply and is relatively insensitive to pain. (
  • Morphometric measurements, body weight, hair samples, blood (10-20 ml) from the jugular vein and select samples from pathologic lesions were obtained during the anesthesia period. (
  • In cases of painful anal lesions, topical ( lidocaine 5% ointment), regional, or even general anesthesia may be required. (
  • For infants and toddlers, be sure to use a rectal thermometer correctly. (
  • Carolina Gallardo administers the anesthesia, and Dr. Jose Morales, the cardiovascular perfusionist, prepares the cardiopulmonary bypass machine to take over the patient's circulation during the operation. (
  • 11651 ='Nailbiting' 11652 ='Thumbsucking' 12000 ='Abnormal involuntary movements' 12050 ='Convulsions' 12070 ='Symptoms of head, NEC' 12100 ='Headache, pain in head' 12150 ='Memory, disturbances of' 12200 ='Disturbances of sensation' 12201 ='Loss of feeling (anesthesia)' 12202 ='Increased sensation (hyperesthesia)' 12203 ='Abnormal sensation (paresthesia)' 12204 ='Other disturbances of sense, includin. (
  • After noticing a high incidence of morbidity and mortality in pregnant Wistar rats given medetomidine and ketamine for anesthesia, the authors further investigated the effects of this combination of anesthetic drugs in both pregnant and nonpregnant Wistar rats. (
  • Product categories of Anesthesia Breathing Series , we are specialized manufacturers from China, Anesthesia Laryngoscope Set , Soft Anesthesia Mask suppliers/factory, wholesale high-quality products of Nasal Oxygen Cannula R & D and manufacturing, we have the perfect after-sales service and technical support. (
  • Specifically, we wish to examine the type of intraoperative pain medication administered (rectal Tylenol, fentanyl, or ketorolac) and operative outcomes including operative time, anesthesia time, pain scores, emergence agitation, nausea/vomiting, and length of stay. (
  • The time to recumbency and the duration of general anesthesia were similar between pregnant and nonpregnant rats. (
  • He is a member of the American Academy of Pain Medicine, National Pain Foundation, American Pain Society and American Society of Anesthesia. (
  • The middle rectal vein drains into the internal iliac vein. (
  • The inferior rectal vein drains into the internal pudendal vein, and subsequently into the internal iliac vein. (
  • Some men have discomfort in the genital and rectal areas after RPE. (
  • If edema is already present, sustained, gentle pressure should be applied to reduce swelling and permit reinsertion of the rectal tissue through the anal orifice. (