Anesthesia, General: Procedure in which patients are induced into an unconscious state through use of various medications so that they do not feel pain during surgery.Anesthesia: A state characterized by loss of feeling or sensation. This depression of nerve function is usually the result of pharmacologic action and is induced to allow performance of surgery or other painful procedures.Administration, Inhalation: The administration of drugs by the respiratory route. It includes insufflation into the respiratory tract.Anesthesia, Local: A blocking of nerve conduction to a specific area by an injection of an anesthetic agent.Anesthesia, Inhalation: Anesthesia caused by the breathing of anesthetic gases or vapors or by insufflating anesthetic gases or vapors into the respiratory tract.Inhalation Exposure: The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents by inhaling them.Anesthesia, Epidural: Procedure in which an anesthetic is injected into the epidural space.Anesthesia, Spinal: Procedure in which an anesthetic is injected directly into the spinal cord.Anesthesia, Conduction: Injection of an anesthetic into the nerves to inhibit nerve transmission in a specific part of the body.Anesthesia, Intravenous: Process of administering an anesthetic through injection directly into the bloodstream.Smoke Inhalation Injury: Pulmonary injury following the breathing in of toxic smoke from burning materials such as plastics, synthetics, building materials, etc. This injury is the most frequent cause of death in burn patients.Burns, Inhalation: Burns of the respiratory tract caused by heat or inhaled chemicals.Anesthesia, Obstetrical: A variety of anesthetic methods such as EPIDURAL ANESTHESIA used to control the pain of childbirth.Anesthetics, Inhalation: Gases or volatile liquids that vary in the rate at which they induce anesthesia; potency; the degree of circulation, respiratory, or neuromuscular depression they produce; and analgesic effects. Inhalation anesthetics have advantages over intravenous agents in that the depth of anesthesia can be changed rapidly by altering the inhaled concentration. Because of their rapid elimination, any postoperative respiratory depression is of relatively short duration. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual, 1994, p173)Anesthesia Recovery Period: The period of emergence from general anesthesia, where different elements of consciousness return at different rates.Anesthesia, Dental: A range of methods used to reduce pain and anxiety during dental procedures.Inhalation: The act of BREATHING in.Anesthetics, Intravenous: Ultrashort-acting anesthetics that are used for induction. Loss of consciousness is rapid and induction is pleasant, but there is no muscle relaxation and reflexes frequently are not reduced adequately. Repeated administration results in accumulation and prolongs the recovery time. Since these agents have little if any analgesic activity, they are seldom used alone except in brief minor procedures. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual, 1994, p174)Isoflurane: A stable, non-explosive inhalation anesthetic, relatively free from significant side effects.Propofol: An intravenous anesthetic agent which has the advantage of a very rapid onset after infusion or bolus injection plus a very short recovery period of a couple of minutes. (From Smith and Reynard, Textbook of Pharmacology, 1992, 1st ed, p206). Propofol has been used as ANTICONVULSANTS and ANTIEMETICS.Adjuvants, Anesthesia: Agents that are administered in association with anesthetics to increase effectiveness, improve delivery, or decrease required dosage.Nitrous Oxide: Nitrogen oxide (N2O). A colorless, odorless gas that is used as an anesthetic and analgesic. High concentrations cause a narcotic effect and may replace oxygen, causing death by asphyxia. It is also used as a food aerosol in the preparation of whipping cream.Anesthesiology: A specialty concerned with the study of anesthetics and anesthesia.Methyl Ethers: A group of compounds that contain the general formula R-OCH3.Anesthetics, Combined: The use of two or more chemicals simultaneously or sequentially to induce anesthesia. The drugs need not be in the same dosage form.Anesthetics, Local: Drugs that block nerve conduction when applied locally to nerve tissue in appropriate concentrations. They act on any part of the nervous system and on every type of nerve fiber. In contact with a nerve trunk, these anesthetics can cause both sensory and motor paralysis in the innervated area. Their action is completely reversible. (From Gilman AG, et. al., Goodman and Gilman's The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics, 8th ed) Nearly all local anesthetics act by reducing the tendency of voltage-dependent sodium channels to activate.Anesthetics: Agents that are capable of inducing a total or partial loss of sensation, especially tactile sensation and pain. They may act to induce general ANESTHESIA, in which an unconscious state is achieved, or may act locally to induce numbness or lack of sensation at a targeted site.Aerosols: Colloids with a gaseous dispersing phase and either liquid (fog) or solid (smoke) dispersed phase; used in fumigation or in inhalation therapy; may contain propellant agents.Halothane: A nonflammable, halogenated, hydrocarbon anesthetic that provides relatively rapid induction with little or no excitement. Analgesia may not be adequate. NITROUS OXIDE is often given concomitantly. Because halothane may not produce sufficient muscle relaxation, supplemental neuromuscular blocking agents may be required. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual, 1994, p178)Monitoring, Intraoperative: The constant checking on the state or condition of a patient during the course of a surgical operation (e.g., checking of vital signs).Anesthesia, Closed-Circuit: Inhalation anesthesia where the gases exhaled by the patient are rebreathed as some carbon dioxide is simultaneously removed and anesthetic gas and oxygen are added so that no anesthetic escapes into the room. Closed-circuit anesthesia is used especially with explosive anesthetics to prevent fires where electrical sparking from instruments is possible.Lidocaine: A local anesthetic and cardiac depressant used as an antiarrhythmia agent. Its actions are more intense and its effects more prolonged than those of PROCAINE but its duration of action is shorter than that of BUPIVACAINE or PRILOCAINE.Fentanyl: A potent narcotic analgesic, abuse of which leads to habituation or addiction. It is primarily a mu-opioid agonist. Fentanyl is also used as an adjunct to general anesthetics, and as an anesthetic for induction and maintenance. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1078)Preanesthetic Medication: Drugs administered before an anesthetic to decrease a patient's anxiety and control the effects of that anesthetic.Anesthetics, General: Agents that induce various degrees of analgesia; depression of consciousness, circulation, and respiration; relaxation of skeletal muscle; reduction of reflex activity; and amnesia. There are two types of general anesthetics, inhalation and intravenous. With either type, the arterial concentration of drug required to induce anesthesia varies with the condition of the patient, the desired depth of anesthesia, and the concomitant use of other drugs. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual, 1994, p.173)Ambulatory Surgical Procedures: Surgery performed on an outpatient basis. It may be hospital-based or performed in an office or surgicenter.Bupivacaine: A widely used local anesthetic agent.Ketamine: A cyclohexanone derivative used for induction of anesthesia. Its mechanism of action is not well understood, but ketamine can block NMDA receptors (RECEPTORS, N-METHYL-D-ASPARTATE) and may interact with sigma receptors.Thiopental: A barbiturate that is administered intravenously for the induction of general anesthesia or for the production of complete anesthesia of short duration.Enflurane: An extremely stable inhalation anesthetic that allows rapid adjustments of anesthesia depth with little change in pulse or respiratory rate.Nerve Block: Interruption of NEURAL CONDUCTION in peripheral nerves or nerve trunks by the injection of a local anesthetic agent (e.g., LIDOCAINE; PHENOL; BOTULINUM TOXINS) to manage or treat pain.Anesthesia, Caudal: Epidural anesthesia administered via the sacral canal.Intubation, Intratracheal: A procedure involving placement of a tube into the trachea through the mouth or nose in order to provide a patient with oxygen and anesthesia.Lung: Either of the pair of organs occupying the cavity of the thorax that effect the aeration of the blood.Pentobarbital: A short-acting barbiturate that is effective as a sedative and hypnotic (but not as an anti-anxiety) agent and is usually given orally. It is prescribed more frequently for sleep induction than for sedation but, like similar agents, may lose its effectiveness by the second week of continued administration. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual, 1994, p236)Powders: Substances made up of an aggregation of small particles, as that obtained by grinding or trituration of a solid drug. In pharmacy it is a form in which substances are administered. (From Dorland, 28th ed)Anesthetics, Dissociative: Intravenous anesthetics that induce a state of sedation, immobility, amnesia, and marked analgesia. Subjects may experience a strong feeling of dissociation from the environment. The condition produced is similar to NEUROLEPTANALGESIA, but is brought about by the administration of a single drug. (From Gilman et al., Goodman and Gilman's The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics, 8th ed)Xylazine: An adrenergic alpha-2 agonist used as a sedative, analgesic and centrally acting muscle relaxant in VETERINARY MEDICINE.Conscious Sedation: A drug-induced depression of consciousness during which patients respond purposefully to verbal commands, either alone or accompanied by light tactile stimulation. No interventions are required to maintain a patent airway. (From: American Society of Anesthesiologists Practice Guidelines)Anesthesia Department, Hospital: Hospital department responsible for the administration of functions and activities pertaining to the delivery of anesthetics.Xenon: A noble gas with the atomic symbol Xe, atomic number 54, and atomic weight 131.30. It is found in the earth's atmosphere and has been used as an anesthetic.Anesthesia, IntratrachealTime Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Intraoperative Complications: Complications that affect patients during surgery. They may or may not be associated with the disease for which the surgery is done, or within the same surgical procedure.Respiration: The act of breathing with the LUNGS, consisting of INHALATION, or the taking into the lungs of the ambient air, and of EXHALATION, or the expelling of the modified air which contains more CARBON DIOXIDE than the air taken in (Blakiston's Gould Medical Dictionary, 4th ed.). This does not include tissue respiration (= OXYGEN CONSUMPTION) or cell respiration (= CELL RESPIRATION).Pain, Postoperative: Pain during the period after surgery.Bronchial Provocation Tests: Tests involving inhalation of allergens (nebulized or in dust form), nebulized pharmacologically active solutions (e.g., histamine, methacholine), or control solutions, followed by assessment of respiratory function. These tests are used in the diagnosis of asthma.Carbon Dioxide: A colorless, odorless gas that can be formed by the body and is necessary for the respiration cycle of plants and animals.Anesthesia and Analgesia: Medical methods of either relieving pain caused by a particular condition or removing the sensation of pain during a surgery or other medical procedure.Double-Blind Method: A method of studying a drug or procedure in which both the subjects and investigators are kept unaware of who is actually getting which specific treatment.EthersHemodynamics: The movement and the forces involved in the movement of the blood through the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM.Ether: A mobile, very volatile, highly flammable liquid used as an inhalation anesthetic and as a solvent for waxes, fats, oils, perfumes, alkaloids, and gums. It is mildly irritating to skin and mucous membranes.Intraoperative Period: The period during a surgical operation.Methohexital: An intravenous anesthetic with a short duration of action that may be used for induction of anesthesia.Cesarean Section: Extraction of the FETUS by means of abdominal HYSTEROTOMY.Dose-Response Relationship, Drug: The relationship between the dose of an administered drug and the response of the organism to the drug.Asthma: A form of bronchial disorder with three distinct components: airway hyper-responsiveness (RESPIRATORY HYPERSENSITIVITY), airway INFLAMMATION, and intermittent AIRWAY OBSTRUCTION. It is characterized by spasmodic contraction of airway smooth muscle, WHEEZING, and dyspnea (DYSPNEA, PAROXYSMAL).Electroencephalography: Recording of electric currents developed in the brain by means of electrodes applied to the scalp, to the surface of the brain, or placed within the substance of the brain.Prilocaine: A local anesthetic that is similar pharmacologically to LIDOCAINE. Currently, it is used most often for infiltration anesthesia in dentistry.Consciousness: Sense of awareness of self and of the environment.Oxygen: An element with atomic symbol O, atomic number 8, and atomic weight [15.99903; 15.99977]. It is the most abundant element on earth and essential for respiration.Hypnotics and Sedatives: Drugs used to induce drowsiness or sleep or to reduce psychological excitement or anxiety.Surgical Procedures, Minor: Surgery restricted to the management of minor problems and injuries; surgical procedures of relatively slight extent and not in itself hazardous to life. (Dorland, 28th ed & Stedman, 25th ed)Heart Rate: The number of times the HEART VENTRICLES contract per unit of time, usually per minute.Atmosphere Exposure Chambers: Experimental devices used in inhalation studies in which a person or animal is either partially or completely immersed in a chemically controlled atmosphere.Bronchodilator Agents: Agents that cause an increase in the expansion of a bronchus or bronchial tubes.Albuterol: A short-acting beta-2 adrenergic agonist that is primarily used as a bronchodilator agent to treat ASTHMA. Albuterol is prepared as a racemic mixture of R(-) and S(+) stereoisomers. The stereospecific preparation of R(-) isomer of albuterol is referred to as levalbuterol.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Mepivacaine: A local anesthetic that is chemically related to BUPIVACAINE but pharmacologically related to LIDOCAINE. It is indicated for infiltration, nerve block, and epidural anesthesia. Mepivacaine is effective topically only in large doses and therefore should not be used by this route. (From AMA Drug Evaluations, 1994, p168)Midazolam: A short-acting hypnotic-sedative drug with anxiolytic and amnestic properties. It is used in dentistry, cardiac surgery, endoscopic procedures, as preanesthetic medication, and as an adjunct to local anesthesia. The short duration and cardiorespiratory stability makes it useful in poor-risk, elderly, and cardiac patients. It is water-soluble at pH less than 4 and lipid-soluble at physiological pH.Alfentanil: A short-acting opioid anesthetic and analgesic derivative of FENTANYL. It produces an early peak analgesic effect and fast recovery of consciousness. Alfentanil is effective as an anesthetic during surgery, for supplementation of analgesia during surgical procedures, and as an analgesic for critically ill patients.Blood Pressure: PRESSURE of the BLOOD on the ARTERIES and other BLOOD VESSELS.Airway Resistance: Physiologically, the opposition to flow of air caused by the forces of friction. As a part of pulmonary function testing, it is the ratio of driving pressure to the rate of air flow.Xenon Radioisotopes: Unstable isotopes of xenon that decay or disintegrate emitting radiation. Xe atoms with atomic weights 121-123, 125, 127, 133, 135, 137-145 are radioactive xenon isotopes.Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting: Emesis and queasiness occurring after anesthesia.Air Pollutants, Occupational: Air pollutants found in the work area. They are usually produced by the specific nature of the occupation.Neuromuscular Nondepolarizing Agents: Drugs that interrupt transmission at the skeletal neuromuscular junction without causing depolarization of the motor end plate. They prevent acetylcholine from triggering muscle contraction and are used as muscle relaxants during electroshock treatments, in convulsive states, and as anesthesia adjuvants.Dry Powder Inhalers: A device that delivers medication to the lungs in the form of a dry powder.Particle Size: Relating to the size of solids.Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid: Washing liquid obtained from irrigation of the lung, including the BRONCHI and the PULMONARY ALVEOLI. It is generally used to assess biochemical, inflammatory, or infection status of the lung.Burns: Injuries to tissues caused by contact with heat, steam, chemicals (BURNS, CHEMICAL), electricity (BURNS, ELECTRIC), or the like.Forced Expiratory Volume: Measure of the maximum amount of air that can be expelled in a given number of seconds during a FORCED VITAL CAPACITY determination . It is usually given as FEV followed by a subscript indicating the number of seconds over which the measurement is made, although it is sometimes given as a percentage of forced vital capacity.Analgesics, Opioid: Compounds with activity like OPIATE ALKALOIDS, acting at OPIOID RECEPTORS. Properties include induction of ANALGESIA or NARCOSIS.Surgical Procedures, Operative: Operations carried out for the correction of deformities and defects, repair of injuries, and diagnosis and cure of certain diseases. (Taber, 18th ed.)Methacholine Chloride: A quaternary ammonium parasympathomimetic agent with the muscarinic actions of ACETYLCHOLINE. It is hydrolyzed by ACETYLCHOLINESTERASE at a considerably slower rate than ACETYLCHOLINE and is more resistant to hydrolysis by nonspecific CHOLINESTERASES so that its actions are more prolonged. It is used as a parasympathomimetic bronchoconstrictor agent and as a diagnostic aid for bronchial asthma. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1116)Inhalation Spacers: A variety of devices used in conjunction with METERED DOSE INHALERS. Their purpose is to hold the released medication for inhalation and make it easy for the patients to inhale the metered dose of medication into their lungs.Blood Gas Analysis: Measurement of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the blood.Postoperative Complications: Pathologic processes that affect patients after a surgical procedure. They may or may not be related to the disease for which the surgery was done, and they may or may not be direct results of the surgery.Chloralose: A derivative of CHLORAL HYDRATE that was used as a sedative but has been replaced by safer and more effective drugs. Its most common use is as a general anesthetic in animal experiments.Bronchoconstriction: Narrowing of the caliber of the BRONCHI, physiologically or as a result of pharmacological intervention.CarboxyhemoglobinAirway Obstruction: Any hindrance to the passage of air into and out of the lungs.Rats, Inbred F344Respiratory Function Tests: Measurement of the various processes involved in the act of respiration: inspiration, expiration, oxygen and carbon dioxide exchange, lung volume and compliance, etc.Dogs: The domestic dog, Canis familiaris, comprising about 400 breeds, of the carnivore family CANIDAE. They are worldwide in distribution and live in association with people. (Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, p1065)Sufentanil: An opioid analgesic that is used as an adjunct in anesthesia, in balanced anesthesia, and as a primary anesthetic agent.Consciousness Monitors: Devices used to assess the level of consciousness especially during anesthesia. They measure brain activity level based on the EEG.Laryngeal Masks: A type of oropharyngeal airway that provides an alternative to endotracheal intubation and standard mask anesthesia in certain patients. It is introduced into the hypopharynx to form a seal around the larynx thus permitting spontaneous or positive pressure ventilation without penetration of the larynx or esophagus. It is used in place of a facemask in routine anesthesia. The advantages over standard mask anesthesia are better airway control, minimal anesthetic gas leakage, a secure airway during patient transport to the recovery area, and minimal postoperative problems.Bronchi: The larger air passages of the lungs arising from the terminal bifurcation of the TRACHEA. They include the largest two primary bronchi which branch out into secondary bronchi, and tertiary bronchi which extend into BRONCHIOLES and PULMONARY ALVEOLI.Bronchial Spasm: Spasmodic contraction of the smooth muscle of the bronchi.Pain Measurement: Scales, questionnaires, tests, and other methods used to assess pain severity and duration in patients or experimental animals to aid in diagnosis, therapy, and physiological studies.Piperidines: A family of hexahydropyridines.Oxygen Inhalation Therapy: Inhalation of oxygen aimed at restoring toward normal any pathophysiologic alterations of gas exchange in the cardiopulmonary system, as by the use of a respirator, nasal catheter, tent, chamber, or mask. (From Dorland, 27th ed & Stedman, 25th ed)Laryngoscopy: Examination, therapy or surgery of the interior of the larynx performed with a specially designed endoscope.Medetomidine: An agonist of RECEPTORS, ADRENERGIC ALPHA-2 that is used in veterinary medicine for its analgesic and sedative properties. It is the racemate of DEXMEDETOMIDINE.Respiratory System: The tubular and cavernous organs and structures, by means of which pulmonary ventilation and gas exchange between ambient air and the blood are brought about.Neuromuscular Blocking Agents: Drugs that interrupt transmission of nerve impulses at the skeletal neuromuscular junction. They can be of two types, competitive, stabilizing blockers (NEUROMUSCULAR NONDEPOLARIZING AGENTS) or noncompetitive, depolarizing agents (NEUROMUSCULAR DEPOLARIZING AGENTS). Both prevent acetylcholine from triggering the muscle contraction and they are used as anesthesia adjuvants, as relaxants during electroshock, in convulsive states, etc.Androstanols: Androstanes and androstane derivatives which are substituted in any position with one or more hydroxyl groups.Partial Pressure: The pressure that would be exerted by one component of a mixture of gases if it were present alone in a container. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Ethyl EthersAir Pollutants: Any substance in the air which could, if present in high enough concentration, harm humans, animals, vegetation or material. Substances include GASES; PARTICULATE MATTER; and volatile ORGANIC CHEMICALS.Carticaine: A thiophene-containing local anesthetic pharmacologically similar to MEPIVACAINE.Respiratory Mechanics: The physical or mechanical action of the LUNGS; DIAPHRAGM; RIBS; and CHEST WALL during respiration. It includes airflow, lung volume, neural and reflex controls, mechanoreceptors, breathing patterns, etc.Intraoperative Awareness: Occurence of a patient becoming conscious during a procedure performed under GENERAL ANESTHESIA and subsequently having recall of these events. (From Anesthesiology 2006, 104(4): 847-64.)Metered Dose Inhalers: A small aerosol canister used to release a calibrated amount of medication for inhalation.Cerebrovascular Circulation: The circulation of blood through the BLOOD VESSELS of the BRAIN.Succinylcholine: A quaternary skeletal muscle relaxant usually used in the form of its bromide, chloride, or iodide. It is a depolarizing relaxant, acting in about 30 seconds and with a duration of effect averaging three to five minutes. Succinylcholine is used in surgical, anesthetic, and other procedures in which a brief period of muscle relaxation is called for.Neuromuscular Blockade: The intentional interruption of transmission at the NEUROMUSCULAR JUNCTION by external agents, usually neuromuscular blocking agents. It is distinguished from NERVE BLOCK in which nerve conduction (NEURAL CONDUCTION) is interrupted rather than neuromuscular transmission. Neuromuscular blockade is commonly used to produce MUSCLE RELAXATION as an adjunct to anesthesia during surgery and other medical procedures. It is also often used as an experimental manipulation in basic research. It is not strictly speaking anesthesia but is grouped here with anesthetic techniques. The failure of neuromuscular transmission as a result of pathological processes is not included here.SmokeManuals as Topic: Books designed to give factual information or instructions.Cough: A sudden, audible expulsion of air from the lungs through a partially closed glottis, preceded by inhalation. It is a protective response that serves to clear the trachea, bronchi, and/or lungs of irritants and secretions, or to prevent aspiration of foreign materials into the lungs.Bronchial Hyperreactivity: Tendency of the smooth muscle of the tracheobronchial tree to contract more intensely in response to a given stimulus than it does in the response seen in normal individuals. This condition is present in virtually all symptomatic patients with asthma. The most prominent manifestation of this smooth muscle contraction is a decrease in airway caliber that can be readily measured in the pulmonary function laboratory.Hypotension, Controlled: Procedure in which arterial blood pressure is intentionally reduced in order to control blood loss during surgery. This procedure is performed either pharmacologically or by pre-surgical removal of blood.Isocyanates: Organic compounds that contain the -NCO radical.Droperidol: A butyrophenone with general properties similar to those of HALOPERIDOL. It is used in conjunction with an opioid analgesic such as FENTANYL to maintain the patient in a calm state of neuroleptanalgesia with indifference to surroundings but still able to cooperate with the surgeon. It is also used as a premedicant, as an antiemetic, and for the control of agitation in acute psychoses. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 29th ed, p593)Respiratory Therapy: Care of patients with deficiencies and abnormalities associated with the cardiopulmonary system. It includes the therapeutic use of medical gases and their administrative apparatus, environmental control systems, humidification, aerosols, ventilatory support, bronchopulmonary drainage and exercise, respiratory rehabilitation, assistance with cardiopulmonary resuscitation, and maintenance of natural, artificial, and mechanical airways.Occupational Exposure: The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents that occurs as a result of one's occupation.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Dust: Earth or other matter in fine, dry particles. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Methoxyflurane: An inhalation anesthetic. Currently, methoxyflurane is rarely used for surgical, obstetric, or dental anesthesia. If so employed, it should be administered with NITROUS OXIDE to achieve a relatively light level of anesthesia, and a neuromuscular blocking agent given concurrently to obtain the desired degree of muscular relaxation. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual, 1994, p180)Trichloroethanes: Chlorinated ethanes which are used extensively as industrial solvents. They have been utilized in numerous home-use products including spot remover preparations and inhalant decongestant sprays. These compounds cause central nervous system and cardiovascular depression and are hepatotoxic. Include 1,1,1- and 1,1,2-isomers.Etomidate: Imidazole derivative anesthetic and hypnotic with little effect on blood gases, ventilation, or the cardiovascular system. It has been proposed as an induction anesthetic.Deep Sedation: Drug-induced depression of consciousness during which patients cannot be easily aroused but respond purposely following repeated painful stimulation. The ability to independently maintain ventilatory function may be impaired. (From: American Society of Anesthesiologists Practice Guidelines)Operating Rooms: Facilities equipped for performing surgery.Epinephrine: The active sympathomimetic hormone from the ADRENAL MEDULLA. It stimulates both the alpha- and beta- adrenergic systems, causes systemic VASOCONSTRICTION and gastrointestinal relaxation, stimulates the HEART, and dilates BRONCHI and cerebral vessels. It is used in ASTHMA and CARDIAC FAILURE and to delay absorption of local ANESTHETICS.Analgesia: Methods of PAIN relief that may be used with or in place of ANALGESICS.Hydrocarbons, FluorinatedIntraoperative Care: Patient care procedures performed during the operation that are ancillary to the actual surgery. It includes monitoring, fluid therapy, medication, transfusion, anesthesia, radiography, and laboratory tests.Volatilization: A phase transition from liquid state to gas state, which is affected by Raoult's law. It can be accomplished by fractional distillation.Cromolyn Sodium: A chromone complex that acts by inhibiting the release of chemical mediators from sensitized mast cells. It is used in the prophylactic treatment of both allergic and exercise-induced asthma, but does not affect an established asthmatic attack.Ophthalmologic Surgical Procedures: Surgery performed on the eye or any of its parts.Pulmonary Gas Exchange: The exchange of OXYGEN and CARBON DIOXIDE between alveolar air and pulmonary capillary blood that occurs across the BLOOD-AIR BARRIER.Urethane: Antineoplastic agent that is also used as a veterinary anesthetic. It has also been used as an intermediate in organic synthesis. Urethane is suspected to be a carcinogen.Gases: The vapor state of matter; nonelastic fluids in which the molecules are in free movement and their mean positions far apart. Gases tend to expand indefinitely, to diffuse and mix readily with other gases, to have definite relations of volume, temperature, and pressure, and to condense or liquefy at low temperatures or under sufficient pressure. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Oxygen Radioisotopes: Unstable isotopes of oxygen that decay or disintegrate emitting radiation. O atoms with atomic weights 13, 14, 15, 19, and 20 are radioactive oxygen isotopes.Ephedrine: A phenethylamine found in EPHEDRA SINICA. PSEUDOEPHEDRINE is an isomer. It is an alpha- and beta-adrenergic agonist that may also enhance release of norepinephrine. It has been used for asthma, heart failure, rhinitis, and urinary incontinence, and for its central nervous system stimulatory effects in the treatment of narcolepsy and depression. It has become less extensively used with the advent of more selective agonists.Bronchoconstrictor Agents: Agents causing the narrowing of the lumen of a bronchus or bronchiole.Body Temperature: The measure of the level of heat of a human or animal.Equipment Design: Methods of creating machines and devices.Postoperative Period: The period following a surgical operation.Plutonium: Plutonium. A naturally radioactive element of the actinide metals series. It has the atomic symbol Pu, atomic number 94, and atomic weight 242. Plutonium is used as a nuclear fuel, to produce radioisotopes for research, in radionuclide batteries for pacemakers, and as the agent of fission in nuclear weapons.Cross-Over Studies: Studies comparing two or more treatments or interventions in which the subjects or patients, upon completion of the course of one treatment, are switched to another. In the case of two treatments, A and B, half the subjects are randomly allocated to receive these in the order A, B and half to receive them in the order B, A. A criticism of this design is that effects of the first treatment may carry over into the period when the second is given. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Hypotension: Abnormally low BLOOD PRESSURE that can result in inadequate blood flow to the brain and other vital organs. Common symptom is DIZZINESS but greater negative impacts on the body occur when there is prolonged depravation of oxygen and nutrients.Injections, Intravenous: Injections made into a vein for therapeutic or experimental purposes.Rats, Sprague-Dawley: A strain of albino rat used widely for experimental purposes because of its calmness and ease of handling. It was developed by the Sprague-Dawley Animal Company.Respiration, Artificial: Any method of artificial breathing that employs mechanical or non-mechanical means to force the air into and out of the lungs. Artificial respiration or ventilation is used in individuals who have stopped breathing or have RESPIRATORY INSUFFICIENCY to increase their intake of oxygen (O2) and excretion of carbon dioxide (CO2).Shivering: Involuntary contraction or twitching of the muscles. It is a physiologic method of heat production in man and other mammals.Disease Models, Animal: Naturally occurring or experimentally induced animal diseases with pathological processes sufficiently similar to those of human diseases. They are used as study models for human diseases.Hernia, Inguinal: An abdominal hernia with an external bulge in the GROIN region. It can be classified by the location of herniation. Indirect inguinal hernias occur through the internal inguinal ring. Direct inguinal hernias occur through defects in the ABDOMINAL WALL (transversalis fascia) in Hesselbach's triangle. The former type is commonly seen in children and young adults; the latter in adults.Pulmonary Circulation: The circulation of the BLOOD through the LUNGS.Amides: Organic compounds containing the -CO-NH2 radical. Amides are derived from acids by replacement of -OH by -NH2 or from ammonia by the replacement of H by an acyl group. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Tidal Volume: The volume of air inspired or expired during each normal, quiet respiratory cycle. Common abbreviations are TV or V with subscript T.Random Allocation: A process involving chance used in therapeutic trials or other research endeavor for allocating experimental subjects, human or animal, between treatment and control groups, or among treatment groups. It may also apply to experiments on inanimate objects.Ipratropium: A muscarinic antagonist structurally related to ATROPINE but often considered safer and more effective for inhalation use. It is used for various bronchial disorders, in rhinitis, and as an antiarrhythmic.Brachial Plexus: The large network of nerve fibers which distributes the innervation of the upper extremity. The brachial plexus extends from the neck into the axilla. In humans, the nerves of the plexus usually originate from the lower cervical and the first thoracic spinal cord segments (C5-C8 and T1), but variations are not uncommon.Tooth Extraction: The surgical removal of a tooth. (Dorland, 28th ed)Budesonide: A glucocorticoid used in the management of ASTHMA, the treatment of various skin disorders, and allergic RHINITIS.Premedication: Preliminary administration of a drug preceding a diagnostic, therapeutic, or surgical procedure. The commonest types of premedication are antibiotics (ANTIBIOTIC PROPHYLAXIS) and anti-anxiety agents. It does not include PREANESTHETIC MEDICATION.Laryngismus: A disorder in which the adductor muscles of the VOCAL CORDS exhibit increased activity leading to laryngeal spasm. Laryngismus causes closure of the VOCAL FOLDS and airflow obstruction during inspiration.Nasal Cavity: The proximal portion of the respiratory passages on either side of the NASAL SEPTUM. Nasal cavities, extending from the nares to the NASOPHARYNX, are lined with ciliated NASAL MUCOSA.Mandibular Nerve: A branch of the trigeminal (5th cranial) nerve. The mandibular nerve carries motor fibers to the muscles of mastication and sensory fibers to the teeth and gingivae, the face in the region of the mandible, and parts of the dura.Fiber Optic Technology: The technology of transmitting light over long distances through strands of glass or other transparent material.Carbon Monoxide: Carbon monoxide (CO). A poisonous colorless, odorless, tasteless gas. It combines with hemoglobin to form carboxyhemoglobin, which has no oxygen carrying capacity. The resultant oxygen deprivation causes headache, dizziness, decreased pulse and respiratory rates, unconsciousness, and death. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)Brain: The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.Nurse Anesthetists: Professional nurses who have completed postgraduate training in the administration of anesthetics and who function under the responsibility of the operating surgeon.Vecuronium Bromide: Monoquaternary homolog of PANCURONIUM. A non-depolarizing neuromuscular blocking agent with shorter duration of action than pancuronium. Its lack of significant cardiovascular effects and lack of dependence on good kidney function for elimination as well as its short duration of action and easy reversibility provide advantages over, or alternatives to, other established neuromuscular blocking agents.Vehicle Emissions: Gases, fumes, vapors, and odors escaping from the cylinders of a gasoline or diesel internal-combustion engine. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed & Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Monitoring, Physiologic: The continuous measurement of physiological processes, blood pressure, heart rate, renal output, reflexes, respiration, etc., in a patient or experimental animal; includes pharmacologic monitoring, the measurement of administered drugs or their metabolites in the blood, tissues, or urine.Pulmonary Atelectasis: Absence of air in the entire or part of a lung, such as an incompletely inflated neonate lung or a collapsed adult lung. Pulmonary atelectasis can be caused by airway obstruction, lung compression, fibrotic contraction, or other factors.Acepromazine: A phenothiazine that is used in the treatment of PSYCHOSES.Hypothermia: Lower than normal body temperature, especially in warm-blooded animals.Pneumonia: Infection of the lung often accompanied by inflammation.Lung Diseases: Pathological processes involving any part of the LUNG.Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Cyanates: Organic salts of cyanic acid containing the -OCN radical.Maxillary Nerve: The intermediate sensory division of the trigeminal (5th cranial) nerve. The maxillary nerve carries general afferents from the intermediate region of the face including the lower eyelid, nose and upper lip, the maxillary teeth, and parts of the dura.Surgical Procedures, Elective: Surgery which could be postponed or not done at all without danger to the patient. Elective surgery includes procedures to correct non-life-threatening medical problems as well as to alleviate conditions causing psychological stress or other potential risk to patients, e.g., cosmetic or contraceptive surgery.Body Burden: The total amount of a chemical, metal or radioactive substance present at any time after absorption in the body of man or animal.Tetracaine: A potent local anesthetic of the ester type used for surface and spinal anesthesia.Dexmedetomidine: A imidazole derivative that is an agonist of ADRENERGIC ALPHA-2 RECEPTORS. It is closely-related to MEDETOMIDINE, which is the racemic form of this compound.

John Collins Warren and his act of conscience: a brief narrative of the trial and triumph of a great surgeon. (1/916)

On examination of the correspondence among the principals involved, as well as the original patent application being prepared by Morton, it has become possible to reconstruct some of the remarkable details attending the first use of ether anesthesia at the Massachusetts General Hos pital in the autumn of 1846. At the time that Warren invited Morton to demonstrate the use of his "ethereal vapor" for anesthesia in a minor operation on Oct. 16, 1846, the exact chemical composition of the agent used was being held secret by Morton; Warren was clearly disturbed by this unethical use of a secret "nostrum." When the time arrived 3 weeks later for its possible use for a serious "capital" operation, Warren employed a simple stratagem of public confrontation to discover from Morton the true nature of the substance to be used. On being informed that it was pure unadulterated sulfuric ether, not some mysterious new discovery labeled "Letheon," Warren gave approval for its first use in a "capital" operation (low thigh amputation) on Nov. 7, 1846. Despite this revelation to the immediate participants, a veil of secrecy continued to surround the substance for many months, an anomalous situation evidently traceable to Morton's desire for personal reward from the discovery. It was this matter of secrecy, rather than priority for its discovery, that surrounded the early use of ether anesthesia with controversy and recrimination both in this country and abroad.  (+info)

Inadvertent inhalation anaesthesia during surgery under retrobulbar eye block. (2/916)

I describe a case of inadvertent inhalation anaesthesia during surgery under retrobulbar anaesthesia and its management. Some of the hazards of supplementary oxygen delivery during monitored anaesthetic care and the actions taken to prevent this mishap recurring are discussed.  (+info)

Individualized feedback of volatile agent use reduces fresh gas flow rate, but fails to favorably affect agent choice. (3/916)

BACKGROUND: Cost reduction has become an important fiscal aim of many hospitals and anesthetic departments, despite its inherent limitations. Volatile anesthetic agents are some of the few drugs that are amenable to such treatment because fresh gas flow rate (FGFR) can be independent of patient volatile anesthetic agent requirement. METHODS: FGFR and drug use were recorded at the temporal midpoint of 2,031 general anesthetics during a 2-month preintervention period. Staff and residents were provided with their preintervention individual mean FGFR, their peer group mean, and educational material regarding volatile agent costs and low-flow anesthesia. FGFR and drug use were remeasured over a 2-month period (postintervention) immediately after this information (N = 2,242) and again 5 months later (delayed follow-up), for a further 2-month period (N = 2,056). RESULTS: For all cases, FGFR decreased from 2.4+/-1.1 to 1.8+/-1.0 l/min (26% reduction) after the intervention and increased to 1.9+/-1.1 l/min (5% increase of preintervention FGFR) at the time of delayed follow-up. Use of more expensive volatile agents (desflurane and sevoflurane) increased during the study period (P < 0.01). In a subgroup of 44 staff members with more than five cases in all study periods, 42 members decreased their mean FGFR after intervention. At delayed follow-up, 30 members had increased their FGFR above postintervention FGFR but below their initial FGFR. After accounting for other predictors of FGFR, the effectiveness of the intervention was significantly reduced at follow-up (28% reduction), but retained a significant effect compared to preintervention FGFR (19% reduction). CONCLUSIONS: Although individual feedback and education regarding volatile agent use was effective at reducing FGFR, effectiveness was reduced without continued feedback. Use of more expensive volatile agents was not reduced by education regarding drug cost, and actually increased.  (+info)

Effect of sevoflurane concentration on inhalation induction of anaesthesia in the elderly. (4/916)

We have conducted a randomized, double-blind comparison of 4% and 8% sevoflurane for induction of anaesthesia in unpremedicated patients aged more than 60 yr. Sevoflurane was inhaled in 50% nitrous oxide using a vital capacity breath technique, and mean, systolic and diastolic arterial pressures and heart rate were monitored continuously using a Finapres cuff. In the 8% sevoflurane group, time to successful laryngeal mask insertion was significantly shorter (mean 168 (SD 34) s vs 226 (62) s; P < 0.01) and achieved more often at the first attempt than in the 4% sevoflurane group. Arterial pressures were lower in the 8% group, but this was not significant. No patient had apnoea lasting longer than 1 min. A total of 69% of patients described induction as pleasant and 85% would choose to have it again. We conclude that compared with 8% sevoflurane, the use of 4% sevoflurane in the elderly resulted in greater cardiovascular stability but at the cost of prolonged and occasionally unsuccessful induction.  (+info)

The effect of pyrogen administration on sweating and vasoconstriction thresholds during desflurane anesthesia. (5/916)

BACKGROUND: General anesthetics increase the sweating-to-vasoconstriction interthreshold range (temperatures not triggering thermoregulatory defenses), whereas fever is believed to only increase the setpoint (target core temperature). However, no data characterize thresholds (temperatures triggering thermoregulatory defenses) during combined anesthesia and fever. Most likely, the combination produces an expanded interthreshold range around an elevated setpoint. The authors therefore tested the hypothesis that thermoregulatory response thresholds during the combination of fever and anesthesia are simply the linear combination of the thresholds resulting from each intervention alone. METHODS: The authors studied eight healthy male volunteers. Fever was induced on the appropriate days by intravenous injection of 30 IU/g human recombinant interleukin 2 (IL-2), followed 2 h later by an additional 70 IU/g. General anesthesia consisted of desflurane 0.6 minimum alveolar concentration (MAC). The volunteers were randomly assigned to the following groups: (1) control (no desflurane, no IL-2); (2) IL-2 alone; (3) desflurane alone; and (4) desflurane plus IL-2. During the fever plateau, volunteers were warmed until sweating was observed and then cooled to vasoconstriction. Sweating was evaluated from a ventilated capsule and vasoconstriction was quantified by volume plethysmography. The tympanic membrane temperatures triggering significant sweating and vasoconstriction identified the respective response thresholds. Data are presented as the mean +/- SD; P < 0.05 was considered significant. RESULTS: The interthreshold range was near 0.40 degrees C on both the control day and during IL-2 administration alone. On the IL-2 alone day, however, the interthreshold range was shifted to higher temperatures. The interthreshold range increased significantly during desflurane anesthesia to 1.9+/-0.6 degrees C. The interthreshold range during the combination of desflurane and IL-2 was 1.2+/-0.6 degrees C, which was significantly greater than on the control and IL-2 alone days. However, it was also significantly less than during desflurane alone. CONCLUSION: The combination of desflurane and IL-2 caused less thermoregulatory inhibition than would be expected based on the effects of either treatment alone. Fever-induced activation of the sympathetic nervous system may contribute by compensating for a fraction of the anesthetic-induced thermoregulatory impairment.  (+info)

Relative contribution of skin and core temperatures to vasoconstriction and shivering thresholds during isoflurane anesthesia. (6/916)

BACKGROUND: Thermoregulatory control is based on both skin and core temperatures. Skin temperature contributes approximately 20% to control of vasoconstriction and shivering in unanesthetized humans. However, this value has been used to arithmetically compensate for the cutaneous contribution to thermoregulatory control during anesthesia--although there was little basis for assuming that the relation was unchanged by anesthesia. It even remains unknown whether the relation between skin and core temperatures remains linear during anesthesia. We therefore tested the hypothesis that mean skin temperature contributes approximately 20% to control of vasoconstriction and shivering, and that the contribution is linear during general anesthesia. METHODS: Eight healthy male volunteers each participated on 3 separate days. On each day, they were anesthetized with 0.6 minimum alveolar concentrations of isoflurane. They then were assigned in random order to a mean skin temperature of 29, 31.5, or 34 degrees C. Their cores were subsequently cooled by central-venous administration of fluid at approximately 3 degrees C until vasoconstriction and shivering were detected. The relation between skin and core temperatures at the threshold for each response in each volunteer was determined by linear regression. The proportionality constant was then determined from the slope of this regression. These values were compared with those reported previously in similar but unanesthetized subjects. RESULTS: There was a linear relation between mean skin and core temperatures at the vasoconstriction and shivering thresholds in each volunteer: r2 = 0.98+/-0.02 for vasoconstriction, and 0.96+/-0.04 for shivering. The cutaneous contribution to thermoregulatory control, however, differed among the volunteers and was not necessarily the same for vasoconstriction and shivering in individual subjects. Overall, skin temperature contributed 21+/-8% to vasoconstriction, and 18+/-10% to shivering. These values did not differ significantly from those identified previously in unanesthetized volunteers: 20+/-6% and 19+/-8%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The results in anesthetized volunteers were virtually identical to those reported previously in unanesthetized subjects. In both cases, the cutaneous contribution to control of vasoconstriction and shivering was linear and near 20%. These data indicate that a proportionality constant of approximately 20% can be used to compensate for experimentally induced skin-temperature manipulations in anesthetized as well as unanesthetized subjects.  (+info)

Nasal sensory receptors responding to capsaicin, water and tactile stimuli in sevoflurane-anesthetized dogs. (7/916)

Responses of nasal receptors to capsaicin and water were studied from afferent recordings of the posterior nasal nerve (PNN) in 12 anesthetized dogs. Out of 12 non-respiration-modulated nasal receptors, 7 responded only to capsaicin, 3 responded to both water and capsaicin, and 2 to neither of them. All the fibers showed a rapid adaptation to mechanical probing of the nasal mucosa. These results indicate that the presence of sensory receptors responding to capsaicin and water are involved in PNN afferents of the dog.  (+info)

I.v. clonidine: does it work as a hypotensive agent with inhalation anaesthesia? (8/916)

In a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled study, 41 patients received clonidine 3 micrograms kg-1 or placebo at induction of isoflurane and nitrous oxide in oxygen anaesthesia. Metoprolol was also given to achieve a systolic arterial pressure of 80 mm Hg. Requirements for metoprolol were significantly less in the clonidine group (P < 0.00035), with no significant difference in mean arterial pressures over time. It would appear that clonidine is an i.v. hypotensive agent worthy of consideration, but data during the recovery period are required to comment further on the safety of this technique.  (+info)

The global Inhalation Anesthesia Market is estimated to witness a CAGR of 3.5% between 2019 and 2025. The factors boosting the market include increasing occurrence of cancer, respiratory ailments, cardiovascular ailments, gastrointestinal problems, and neurological disorders. The latest trend in this regard is demand from the developing economies like India as it is becoming a hub of road mishaps.. These accidents ask for surgery; which, in turn, drives the demand for anesthesia. Inhalation anesthesia is preferred over injectable anesthesia as it proves to be less painful.. Full Research Report On Global Inhalation Anesthesia Market Analysis available at: https://www.millioninsights.com/industry-reports/inhalation-anesthesia-market-size. Desflurane, isoflurane, and sevoflurane constitute the inhalation anesthesia market in liquid form and xenon, cyclopropane, and nitrous oxide in the gaseous form. They are used to induce and maintain anesthesia during surgeries. Sevoflurane does hold the highest ...
Search Indian Anesthesia Breathing Circuits Manufacturers and Suppliers Details - Contact to Anesthesia Breathing Circuits Exporters in India, Anesthesia Breathing Circuits Wholesalers, Anesthesia Breathing Circuits Distributors and Traders from India.
Saykia Corporation is a reliable Taiwan based OEM_ODM manufacturer of Breathing circuit bacterial filter, Anesthesia breathing circuit, Suction catheter, and Heat & Moisture Condenser(HME).
TY - JOUR. T1 - Glutathione depletion following inhalation anesthesia. AU - Zumbiel, M. A.. AU - Fiserova-Bergerova, V.. AU - Malinin, Theodore. AU - Holaday, D. A.. PY - 1978/12/1. Y1 - 1978/12/1. N2 - Glutathione depletion following inhalation of halogenated anesthetics was investigated as a possible mechanism of toxic reactions associated with anesthesia. Concentrations of reduced glutathione were measured in the blood, liver, lung and kidney of the mouse after anesthesia with enflurane, fluroxene, halothane, isoflurane, methoxyflurane, or trichloroethylene. The anesthetic had no effect on glutathione concentrations in tissue except when fluroxene was used. After two hours of fluroxene anesthesia, glutathione in liver, lung, kidney, and blood was depleted by 93, 85, 85, and 61 per cent, respectively. The depletion was dose-dependent and was more extensive in animals anesthetized after phenobarbital pretreatment. Glutathione was also depleted in livers and lungs of rats anesthetized with ...
Need Anesthesia Circuits & other medical supplies? Head to Medex Supply and check out the Portex 40 Adult Single-Limb Anesthesia Breathing Circuits, 3.0 L, Medium Mask, 20/cs
You are at: Home » Products » Disabilities » Light Weight Disposable Breathing Circuit With 15m In total 213268 number ofProductsinfo,Released today. 0 number of ...
[email protected] For Medical Information queries, contact: [email protected] Report a complaint about a product, vaporizer, or other matter.. Adverse events should be reported to Piramal Critical Care at http://www.piramalcriticalcare.com/complaints. ...
Email: [email protected] For Medical Information queries, contact: [email protected] Report a complaint about a product, vaporizer, or other matter.. Adverse events should be reported to Piramal Critical Care at http://www.piramalcriticalcare.com/complaints. ...
The Matrx VMR® Non-Rebreathing Anesthesia Machine is designed for safe, simple, and controllable inhalation anesthesia for rats, small rodents, exotics and patients weighing less than 5 pounds. The VMR provides rapid control of anesthetic depth with little resistance to respiration. The VMR is adaptable to the needs of the practice.
The Academy receives notices from the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), the Food and Drug Administrations (FDA) MedWatch program, and other sources when there is a patient safety announcement that could affect PM&R practices.. When an urgent public health alert occurs, the Academy will send an electronic message directly to its members. Be sure to update your Member Profile so the Academy has your current e-ma​​​​​​il address on-file. The Academy encourages its members to stay in-tune with this important patient safety information, and has created an RSS feed so that all alerts posted on our website will be sent to you immediately.. Below is a chronologic list of notices that may be of interest to you or your practice. Click on the title of the notice to be taken to the reporting agency for more information.​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​. ...
... l. As an induction agent prior to inhalation anaesthesia. As a sole anaesthetic agent for the induction and maintenance of anaesthesia for the performance of examination or surgical procedures.
QTube Adult to Paediatric QGuard 7 DAY anti-microbial complete breathing circuit with IGS 3 metre bi-lumen tub. Includes patient end swivel connector with Elbow...
So Ive faced a lot of problems trying to remember the various Mapelson semiopen circuits for inhalational anaesthesia and sadly they have been asked in exams so I tried to identify them using these simple points ...
22. A method for providing low pressure oxygen to a patient at risk for hypoxia using an oxygen breathing circuit, the method comprising: providing an oxygen breathing circuit having a patent airway maintaining device, a first tube that is a fluid tight conduit, the first tube includes a distal elbow and a proximal flexible tubular extension, a distal end portion of the elbow includes a distal connector and a proximal end portion of the flexible tubular extension includes a proximal connector, the distal connector attaches to a proximal end portion of the patent airway maintaining device, the flexible tubular extension has a cross-sectional diameter that does not substantially reduce during axial flexing, the flexible tubular extension connected to a proximal end portion of the elbow and terminates in the proximal connector, the elbow, proximal connector and distal connector fabricated of a substantially rigid medical grade non-metallic material, the flexible tubular extension connected to the ...
Pilot study comparing total intravenous anesthesia to inhalational anesthesia in endoscopic sinus surgery: novel approach of blood flow quantification.
BACKGROUND: Ambulatory or outpatient anaesthesia is performed in patients who are discharged on the same day as their surgery. Perioperative complications such as postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV), postoperative behavioural disturbances and cardiorespiratory complications should be minimized in ambulatory anaesthesia. The choice of anaesthetic agents and techniques can influence the occurrence of these complications and thus delay in discharge.. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this review was to evaluate the risk of complications (the risk of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV), admission or readmission to hospital, postoperative behavioural disturbances and perioperative respiratory and cardiovascular complications) and recovery times (time to discharge from recovery ward and time to discharge from hospital) comparing the use of intravenous to inhalational anaesthesia for paediatric outpatient surgery.. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials ...
Approximately 25% of patients undergoing major surgery have known coronary artery disease (CAD) or risk factors for CAD.. N2O interferes with vitamin B12 and folate metabolism. This impairs production of methionine (from homocysteine), used to form tetrahydrofolate and thymidine during DNA synthesis. It has been repeatedly demonstrated that N2O anaesthesia increases postoperative homocysteine levels. Chronic hyperhomocysteinaemia is associated with cardiovascular disease, and acute hyperhomocysteinaemia is known to cause endothelial dysfunction. One small trial has demonstrated an increased incidence of postoperative myocardial ischaemia in patients receiving N2O anaesthesia. Reducing postoperative myocardial infarction and death are important aims for those with CAD undergoing major surgery.. Our previous trial (ENIGMA) studied 2050 patients and identified some serious adverse effects, but most patients were not at risk of CAD and so we could not reliably assess serious cardiac complications. ...
Nitrous Oxide is a sweet-smelling, non-irritating, colorless gas which you can breathe.. Nitrous Oxide has been the primary means of sedation in dentistry for many years. Nitrous oxide is safe, the patient receives 50-70% oxygen with no less than 30% nitrous oxide.. The patient is able to breathe on their own and remain in control of all bodily functions.. The patient may experience mild amnesia and may fall asleep, not remembering all of what happened during their appointment.. ...
The Report Canada Anesthesia and Respiratory Devices Market Outlook to 2021 - Airway and Anesthesia Devices, Anesthesia Machines, Pain Management Devices, Regional Anesthesia Disposables, Respiratory Devices, Respiratory Disposables and Others provides information on pricing, market analysis, shares, forecast, and company profiles for key industry participants. - MarketResearchReports.biz
The Report France Anesthesia and Respiratory Devices Market Outlook to 2021 - Airway and Anesthesia Devices, Anesthesia Machines, Pain Management Devices, Regional Anesthesia Disposables, Respiratory Devices, Respiratory Disposables and Others provides information on pricing, market analysis, shares, forecast, and company profiles for key industry participants. - MarketResearchReports.biz
Med Man Simulations, Inc. is a non-profit organization offering Gas Man®, a valuable and unique teaching tool that teaches the pharmacokinetics of inhalation anesthetics to residents, faculty, researchers, cost-managers, pharmacists, and anyone wanting to be an expert in any aspect of inhalation anesthesia. Gas Man® is the unique computer tool for teaching, simulating and experimenting with anesthesia uptake and distribution. Our software is used widely both in the U.S. and internationally. It combines a tutorial book with powerful, easy-to-use software.. ...
This was a prospective, randomized, blinded animal study performed in a university laboratory involving 20 normal-weight (NW) and 19 IUGR newborn piglets. General inhalation anesthesia with isoflurane and nitrous oxide at clinically comparable dosages were administered for about 10 h. Surgical and monitoring procedures were accompanied by appropriate stage of general anesthesia. Resulting effects on developmental anesthetic and stress-induced neurotoxicity were assessed by estimation of apoptotic rates in untreated piglets and piglets after 10-h general anesthesia with MAC 1.0 isoflurane in 70 % nitrous oxide and 30 % oxygen.. ...
Propofol in exhaled breath can be measured and may provide a real-time estimate of plasma concentration. However, propofol is absorbed in plastic tubing, thus estimates may fail to reflect lung/blood concentration if expired gas is not extracted directly from the endotracheal tube.We evaluated exhaled propofol in five ventilated ICU patients who were sedated with propofol. Exhaled propofol was measured once per minute using ion mobility spectrometry. Exhaled air was sampled directly from the endotracheal tube and at the ventilator end of the expiratory side of the anesthetic circuit. The circuit was disconnected from the patient and propofol was washed out with a separate clean ventilator. Propofol molecules, which discharged from the expiratory portion of the breathing circuit, were measured for up to 60 h.We also determined whether propofol passes through the plastic of breathing circuits. A total of 984 data pairs (presented as median values, with 95% confidence interval), consisting of both ...
The Medical Product Guide is the industrys most comprehensive medical devices directory, providing in depth medical product info and company information about anything related to medical devices.
First group: Uneventful prematurity → straight forward anesthesia Second group: Ventilatory support-sepsis-PDA-IVH-NEC-multiple medications-BPD/chronic lung disease of the newborn-extubated with great difficulty. The main concern is postoperative apnea until 6-12 Mon. Goals: Avoid intubation/ventilation Avoid postoperative apnea Common surgeries: 1- Laser/cryosurgery for ROP → Face mask/LMA, avoid IV drugs in general 2- Inguinal hernia repair → awake caudal without any drug supplementation or combined with inhalation anesthesia via LMA 3- Circumcision → face mask with penile block ...
The Heat & Moisture Exchanger is offered by Saykia Corporation, a Taiwan based OEM_ODM manufacturer and supplier of Breathing circuit bacterial filter, Anesthesia breathing circuit, Suction catheter, Heat & Moisture Condenser(HME).
Proven Ventilation Versatility. The electrically driven and electronically controlled Fabius GS E-vent ventilator requires no drive gas. This makes it more flexible and economical to use than traditional gas-driven bellows ventilators by limiting the consumption of expensive medical grade gas to patient use only. Motor-driven hardware and software-controlled functionality also offer virtually unlimited upgradeability. The Fabius GS is suitable for any patient - pediatric to adult - and provides Volume Controlled Ventilation, Pressure Controlled Ventilation, Synchronized Volume Control (SIMV), Pressure Support and Manual/Spontaneous modes. Pressure Support mode facilitates spontaneous breathing by removing the work of breathing due to circuit resistance, improving comfort levels and enhancing quality of patient care.. The Fabius GS is the worlds first anesthesia machine with vertical flow controls and electronic fresh gas flow indicators, enabling you to compare gas flows more easily and ...
1) The calculated BSA blood flow rate for a newborn is ________ L/min/m2 . 2) Arterial line pressures in pediatric patients are usually ________ than adults and must be closely 3) True or False? The pediatric patient is more sensitive to volume shifts and hypovolemic shock is more likely than in adult perfusion? ________ 4) Excessively high blood flow rates should be avoided during pediatric perfusion so that ________ and ______ _________ (2 words) may be avoided. 5) The first possibility to consider in hypotension on bypass is that it may be the result of 6) The first measure to correct hypotension upon initiation of bypass should be to _________ 7) The first drug of choice in treating hypotension in the pediatric patient on bypass is: a. Regitine b. Levophed c. Neosynephrine d. Epinephrine 8) True or False? In the pediatric patient, the use of inhalant anesthesia during bypass is extremely 9) Inhalation anesthesia during pediatric bypass is best discontinued during ___________, about the time ...
OCT is a non-invasive optical modality that produces cross sectional images of tissue up to a 2mm in depth. The 3-D visualization is a powerful tool for assessment of various retinal abnormalities and effects from treatment including scar tissue, calcification, benign masses, and retinopathy. Our novel imaging system with a handheld scanner is implemented for children in supine position under inhalation anesthesia.. Results : The 3-D mapping of retinal tissue morphology improves diagnosis and helps solve ambiguous cases as will be illustrated by the patient data. The examples from 3 different patients are shown in the figures below. The first two cases (Fig.1) are the vital RB tumors both after (left) and before (right) laser treatment. They are characterized by dense uniform masses with sideways extension. Calcified spots are present in the receding tumor in the laser-treated case. The inactive regression type 2 lesion with retinal layers wrapping around it (Figure 2) has a different shape with ...
The invention relates to a device for atomising fluids and having a bottom part (1) and a top part (2) disposed so as to be axially symmetrical with the bottom part, and comprising an intake air arrangement (3) and an outlet nozzle (4). The atomiser according to the invention also has an insert (5) for receiving a fluid (23) and a nozzle arrangement (6) disposed so as to be axially symmetrical with the intake air arrangement (3). The intake air arrangement (3) has a hollow cylindrical duct (7) with a conical widening (8) towards the incoming air end. As a result of being constructed according to the invention, the atormiser is particularly suitable for local inhalation anaesthesia, e g. in preparation for examination of the bronchi.
Good through April 27, 2018. *Clinic or University* Purchase a Versa II Anesthesia Machine at full retail price and you will receive a vaporizer exchange at no charge! In addition, trade in your old anesthesia machine to receive $300.00 off the price of the Versa II Anesthesia Machine! *Only vaporizer styles Tec 3, Tec 4, Tec 5, Drager, Penlon, Ohio will be exchanged ...
Author summary Currently we do not understand how anesthesia leads to loss of consciousness (LOC). One popular idea is that we loose consciousness when brain areas lose their ability to communicate with each other-as anesthetics might interrupt transmission on nerve fibers coupling them. This idea has been tested by measuring the amount of information transferred between brain areas, and taking this transfer to reflect the coupling itself. Yet, information that isnt available in the source area cant be transferred to a target. Hence, the decreases in information transfer could be related to less information being available in the source, rather than to a decoupling. We tested this possibility measuring the information available in source brain areas and found that it decreased under isoflurane anesthesia. In addition, a stronger decrease in source information lead to a stronger decrease of the information transfered. Thus, the input to the connection between brain areas determined the communicated
Understand how capnography or end tidal CO2 helps to monitor integrity of airway, cardiac output and CO2 production during anesthesia, ACLS, sedation emergency medicine, prehospital arena, intensive care units, trauma and assess functionality of breathing circuits and ventilators.
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Every test offered in a pulmonary lab depends in one way or another on one simple measurement - volume. Whether it is expressed in liters or as ventilation, a pulmonary diagnostic system must first get volume measurements correct. The Stead-Wells Spirometer has long been recognized as the Gold Standard for volumetric measurements. It also provides a near zero resistant breathing circuit for FRC and DLCO measurements. It eliminates the need for high resistance demand valves found on flow based systems. MICRO GA ...
RespiratoryCareStore is the largest source of affordable pulmonary care products. Our extensive offering includes CPAP masks, breathing circuits, tracheostomy supplies, cannulas, oxygen tanks, and much more!
RespiratoryCareStore is the largest source of affordable pulmonary care products. Our extensive offering includes CPAP masks, breathing circuits, tracheostomy supplies, cannulas, oxygen tanks, and much more!
... ,Indications For Usage: ,Single patient use on anesthetized patients and respiratory care patients who require a breathing circuit. The product is intended to be replaced at least once every 24 hours.,medicine,medical supply,medical supplies,medical product
The study provides an in-depth analysis of the anesthesia vaporizers market, with current trends and future estimations to elucidate the investment pockets.
A sophisticated and easily controllable electronic vaporizer, the Tec 6 Plus from GE Healthcare lets you deliver Desflurane with confidence. Learn more!
The two-day Aisys Essentials course covers basic theory, pneumatic design and operation of the Aisys anesthesia machine and ventilator.
Deliver with confidence. Anesthesia vaporizers and cassettes from GE Healthcare are developed to deliver accuracy under a wide range of conditions. Learn more!
This device has not been evaluated by the US Food And Drug Administration (FDA) This vaporizer is not designed to diagnose, cure or prevent or treat any disease. We advise before you use any vaporizer or smoking device you contact your physician. We do not recumbent any type of inhalation as it can pose health risks. Vaporizers do not necessarily mean a safer alternative You must be 18 years of age or legaly of age to purchase our product By using MegaToke.com you acknowledge and agree to abide by our terms of use page before you purchase any item on MegaToke.com ...
This device has not been evaluated by the US Food And Drug Administration (FDA) This vaporizer is not designed to diagnose, cure or prevent or treat any disease. We advise before you use any vaporizer or smoking device you contact your physician. We do not recumbent any type of inhalation as it can pose health risks. Vaporizers do not necessarily mean a safer alternative You must be 18 years of age or legaly of age to purchase our product By using MegaToke.com you acknowledge and agree to abide by our terms of use page before you purchase any item on MegaToke.com ...
That is why it is recommended to change nitrous oxide cylinders when the pressure begins to read below 745 psig. There can still be a good amount of nitrous oxide in the tank (up to 400 L) when the liquid nitrous oxide is gone, but there is no way of knowing except to take the tank off the back of the machine and weigh it. Even if you wanted to weigh the existing tank, when it is off the machine, it is easier in the long run to replace it with a full tank and not worry about how much nitrous oxide is left. ...
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Stephen A. Greene (2002). Veterinary Anesthesia and Pain Management Secrets. 74: Elsevier Health Sciences. ISBN 978-1560534426 ... A vaporizer or vaporiser, colloquially known as a vape, is a device used to vaporize substances for inhalation. Plant ... Inhalation method (breathing technique). Not all those have been scientifically tested. Research using vaporizers found the ... Grotenhermen F (June 2001). "Harm Reduction Associated with Inhalation and Oral Administration of Cannabis and THC". Journal of ...
Inhalation General Anesthesia. This will eliminate all pain and also all memory of any needle procedure. On the other hand, it ... It provides effective anesthesia, but is generally unavailable to consumers on the commercial market and some regard it as ... The recommended forms of treatment include some form of anesthesia, either topical or general. ... for topically administered local anesthesia". Journal of Dermaologic Surgery and Oncology. 20 (9): 579-583. PMID 8089357.. ...
... for supervised self-administration of inhalation anesthesia". Abbott Park, Illinois: Abbott Laboratories. Retrieved ... Early inhalation devices included one devised by John Mudge in 1778. It had a pewter mug with a hole allowing attachment of a ... To reduce deposition in the mouth and throat, and to reduce the need for precise synchronization of the start of inhalation ... 2004). Pharmaceutical Inhalation Aerosol Technology (2nd ed.). NY: Marcel Dekker. Nick Baumann (July-August 2011). "Why You're ...
Inhaler for supervised self-administration of inhalation anesthesia". Abbott Park, Illinois: Abbott Laboratories. Retrieved ... 2009). Clinical anesthesia (6th ed.). Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. ISBN 978-0-7817-8763-5. .. ... Mazze RI, Shue GL, Jackson SH (1971). "Renal Dysfunction Associated With Methoxyflurane Anesthesia". Journal of the American ... The effects of methoxyflurane on the circulatory system resemble those of diethyl ether.[27] In dogs, methoxyflurane anesthesia ...
Inhaler for supervised self-administration of inhalation anesthesia". Abbott Park, Illinois: Abbott Laboratories. Retrieved ... Canadian Journal of Anesthesia. 17 (3): 275-8. doi:10.1007/BF03004607. PMID 5512851. Retrieved 2010-11-21.. ... Sechzer, PH (1971). "Studies in pain with the analgesic-demand system". Anesthesia and Analgesia. 50 (1): 1-10. doi:10.1213/ ... Pediatric Anesthesia. 17 (2): 148-53. doi:10.1111/j.1460-9592.2006.02037.x. PMID 17238886.. ...
... desflurane is infrequently used to induce anesthesia via inhalation techniques. Though it vaporises very readily, it is a ... Anesthesia & Analgesia. San Francisco, CA: International Anesthesia Research Society. 111 (1): 92-98. doi:10.1213/ane. ... It has the most rapid onset and offset of the volatile anesthetic drugs used for general anesthesia due to its low solubility ... Sherman J, Le C, Lamers V, Eckelman M (May 2012). "Life Cycle Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Anesthetic Drugs". Anesthesia and ...
doi:10.1016/0378-3812(84)87009-0. Nagelhout, J.J. (2014). Pharmacokinetics of Inhalation Anesthetics. Nurse anesthesia (5th ed ... these are preferred because they lead to faster onset of anesthesia and faster emergence from anesthesia once application of ...
Wexler RE (1968). "Analgizer: Inhaler for supervised self-administration of inhalation anesthesia". Abbott Park, Illinois: ... 2009). "PENTHROX (methoxyflurane) Inhalation: Product Information" (PDF). Springvale, Victoria, Australia: Medical Developments ... Canadian Journal of Anesthesia. 17 (3): 275-8. doi:10.1007/BF03004607. PMID 5512851. Retrieved 2010-11-21. Packer KJ, Titel JH ... Pediatric Anesthesia. 17 (2): 148-53. doi:10.1111/j.1460-9592.2006.02037.x. PMID 17238886. Grindlay J, Babl FE (2009). " ...
It can be used to start or maintain anesthesia. Often another medication, however, is used to start anesthesia due to airway ... "Isoflurane (inhalation anaesthetic) - Summary of Product Characteristics (SPC) - (eMC)". www.medicines.org.uk. 11 January 2016 ... It is usually used to maintain a state of general anesthesia that has been induced with another drug, such as thiopentone or ... Apr 2007). "Anesthesia-Alzheimer disease link probed". JAMA. 297 (16): 1760. doi:10.1001/jama.297.16.1760. PMID 17456811. Seto ...
Until 1913, oral and maxillofacial surgery was performed by mask inhalation anesthesia, topical application of local ... Wawersik, Juergen (1991). "History of Anesthesia in Germany". Journal of Clinical Anesthesia. 3 (3): 235-44. doi:10.1016/0952- ... After World War I, further advances were made in the field of intratracheal anesthesia. Among these were those made by Sir Ivan ... 2000). Anesthesia, Volume 1 (5th ed.). Philadelphia: Churchill Livingstone. ISBN 978-0-443-07995-5. Retrieved 6 September 2010 ...
Palliative sedation Procedural sedation Twilight anesthesia Inhalation sedation Brown, TB.; Lovato, LM.; Parker, D. (Jan 2005 ... General Anesthesia - Unarousable even with painful stimulus. In the United Kingdom, deep sedation is considered to be a part of ... Inhalation sedation is also sometimes referred to as relative analgesia. Sedation is also used extensively in the intensive ... "Continuum of Depth of Sedation: Definition of general anesthesia and levels of sedation/analgesia" (pdf). American Society of ...
Until recently, his practice of using inhalation anesthesia dominated obstetrics. In 1849, Long announced his discovery in a ... In 1854, Long requested William Crosby Dawson, a U.S. Senator, to present his claims of ether anesthesia discovery to the ... 2017 Long, CW (1849). "An account of the first use of Sulphuric Ether by Inhalation as an Anaesthetic in Surgical Operations". ... He observed and participated in many surgeries and noted the effects of operating without anesthesia. Long transferred to the ...
Anesthesia masks are face masks that are designed to administer anesthetic gases to a patient through inhalation. Anesthesia ... Anesthesia masks fit over the mouth and nose and have a double hose system. One hose carries inhaled anesthetic gas to the mask ... Anesthesia masks have 4 point head strap harnesses to securely fit on the head to hold the mask in place as the anaesthesia ... Inner view of a military aviators mask showing face seal, facepiece and inhalation valves ...
"Anesthesia. XXI. Propyl methyl ether as an inhalation anesthetic in man", Anesthesiology, (1946), 7, 663-7. Merck Index, 11th ...
Its lack of airway irritation made it a common inhalation induction agent in pediatric anesthesia. Due to its cardiac ... It is used by inhalation. Side effects include an irregular heartbeat, decreased effort to breathe (respiratory depression), ... Hugh C. Hemmings; Philip M. Hopkins (2006). Foundations of Anesthesia: Basic Sciences for Clinical Practice. Elsevier Health ... excellent for inhalation induction, had largely replaced the use of halothane in children. Halothane sensitises the heart to ...
Inhalation anesthesia, Ed 2, New York, 1951, Macmillan Bhargava AK, Setlur R, Sreevastava D. (Jan 2004). "Correlation of ... Since general anesthesia first became widely used in late 1846, assessment of anesthetic depth was a problem. To determine the ... The end of ether anesthesia in the USA. In: Fink BR, Morris LE, Stephen CR, eds. Proceedings 3rd International Symposium on the ... In 1847, John Snow (1813-1858) and Francis Plomley attempted to describe various stages of general anesthesia, but Guedel in ...
"Anesthesia and Queen Victoria". ph.ucla.edu. Archived from the original on 16 July 2012. Retrieved 13 August 2012.. ... After a person has lost consciousness due to chloroform inhalation, a continuous volume must be administered and the chin must ... Following chloroform-induced anesthesia, some patients suffered nausea, vomiting, hyperthermia, jaundice, and coma due to ... Wawersik, J. (1997). "History of chloroform anesthesia". Anesthesiology and Reanimation. 22 (6): 144-152. PMID 9487785.. ...
... the Original Morton Etherizer was used on Ether Day as a means of inhalation anesthesia. The Etherizer was made of blown glass ... and in October 1846 Morton successfully demonstrated ether anesthesia. However, Morton's interest in surgical anesthesia was ... Before surgical anesthesia the location was also helpful to muffle the screams of patients for those on the floors below. ... In 1845 Wells had attempted to demonstrate the use of nitrous oxide as anesthesia at MGH but it was "dismissed as humbug" ...
It has been related to silicosis resulting from inhalation of talc and silicates. It is also tied to heroin use where talc ... Obstetric anesthesia: principles and practice. David H. Chestnut. "For example, the injection of talc-diluted heroin causes ...
The result was that Charity developed an anesthesia residency program for physicians as well as an accredited school of nurse ... and he directed the hospital's inhalation therapists. In the 1940s, the ABA and ASA held a philosophy that it was unethical for ... As a medical student, Adriani, who remembered receiving only one anesthesia-related lecture in school, experienced the death of ... The hospital had been constructed two years earlier, and its anesthesia services were disorganized, with poorly trained ...
Although isopropyl alcohol can be technically used for anesthesia, its many negative drawbacks prohibit this use. Isopropyl ... Poisoning can occur from ingestion, inhalation, or skin absorption. Symptoms of isopropyl alcohol poisoning include flushing, ... headache, dizziness, CNS depression, nausea, vomiting, anesthesia, hypothermia, hypotension, shock, respiratory depression, and ...
These laser treatments are painful and general anesthesia is required.[39][40] A similar laser treatment has been used to clear ... inhalation, or injection can result in generalized argyria.[37][38] Preliminary reports of treatment with laser therapy have ...
After a person has lost consciousness due to chloroform inhalation, a continuous volume must be administered and the chin must ... Following chloroform-induced anesthesia, some patients suffered nausea, vomiting, hyperthermia, jaundice, and coma due to ... In Germany, the first comprehensive surveys of the fatality rate during anesthesia were made by Gurlt between 1890 and 1897. In ... The rise of gas anesthesia using nitrous oxide, improved equipment for administering anesthetics and the discovery of ...
Negative pressure pulmonary edema[5] in which a significant negative pressure in the chest (such as from an inhalation against ... Negative pressure pulmonary edema has an incidence in the range of 0.05-0.1% for general anesthesia. The negative pressure ... Stoelting's Anesthesia and Co-Existing Disease. 6th edition. 2012. pages 178 and 179. ...
As compared to inhalation, intratracheal instillation allows greater control over the dose and location of the substance, is ... the confounding effects of the delivery vehicle and anesthesia, and the fact that it bypasses the upper respiratory tract. ... It is widely used to test the respiratory toxicity of a substance as an alternative to inhalation in animal testing. ... Instillation results in a less uniform distribution of the substance than inhalation, and the substance is cleared from the ...
RFA is usually performed in an outpatient setting, using either local anesthetics or conscious sedation anesthesia, the ... a higher one during inhalation and a lower pressure during exhalation. This system is more expensive, and is sometimes used ... in OSA the chest not only continues to make the movements of inhalation, but the movements typically become even more ...
... needed either the patient receives regional anesthesia such as a spinal anesthetic or a general anesthesia using inhalation ... and how does pediatric anesthesia differ from adult anesthesia and geriatric anesthesia? What goes into developing an effective ... Intra-operative anesthesia is the anesthesia the patient receives in the OR. When the patient arrives in the OR, the monitors ... I worked in the OR, participated on OR/Surgical and anesthesia/post-anesthesia care unit committees. I was also the education ...
Home , May-June 1929 - Volume 8 - Issue 3 , Inhalation of Carbon Dioxid in Alkaloid Poisoning. ... Current Researches in Anesthesia & Analgesia: May-June 1929 - Volume 8 - Issue 3 - ppg 42 ... Continuous Nitrous Oxid-Oxygen Analgesia and Anesthesia With Rebreathing in Obstetrics, Technic of Administration and Summary ... Thought you might appreciate this item(s) I saw at Anesthesia & Analgesia.. ...
... , Baxter International, Hikma Pharmaceuticals, Mylan, Eisai, ... Inhalation Anesthesia Industry Insights. Chapter 4. Inhalation Anesthesia Market, By Product. Chapter 5. Inhalation Anesthesia ... Inhalation Anesthesia Market Size, Share , Industry Report 2026 The Inhalation Anesthesia Market was valued at $1.6billion in ... Inhalation anesthesia market by product. o Sevoflurane. o Desflurane. o Isoflurane. Inhalation anesthesia market by application ...
What is inhalation anesthesia? Meaning of inhalation anesthesia medical term. What does inhalation anesthesia mean? ... Looking for online definition of inhalation anesthesia in the Medical Dictionary? inhalation anesthesia explanation free. ... inhalation anesthesia. anesthesia achieved by the inhalation of an anesthetic gas or a vapor. Although general anesthesia by ... inhalation anesthesia. Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia.. Related to inhalation anesthesia: intravenous ...
Inhalation anesthesia in chest surgery You will receive an email whenever this article is corrected, updated, or cited in the ... Inhalation anesthesia in chest surgery. The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association, October 1952, Vol. 52, 137-139. ... WALSH J. Inhalation anesthesia in chest surgery. J Am Osteopath Assoc 1952;52(2):137-139. doi: . ...
Global Inhalation Anesthesia Market Size, Outlook and Growth Opportunities to 2025: By Product (Sevoflurane, Desflurane, and ... 1. Inhalation Anesthesia market size, US$, 2018- 2025. 2. Inhalation Anesthesia market drivers. 3. Inhalation Anesthesia market ... 4. Inhalation Anesthesia market opportunities. 5. Inhalation Anesthesia market trends. 6. Inhalation Anesthesia market size ... Scope of the Inhalation Anesthesia report -. This report covers the 2018 market scenario and outlook of Inhalation Anesthesia ...
Inhalation anesthesia in the poor risk patient You will receive an email whenever this article is corrected, updated, or cited ... Inhalation anesthesia in the poor risk patient. The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association, October 1952, Vol. 52, 143 ... SMITH F. Inhalation anesthesia in the poor risk patient. J Am Osteopath Assoc 1952;52(2):143-146. doi: . ...
A NOMENCLATURE FOR METHODS OF INHALATION ANESTHESIA You will receive an email whenever this article is corrected, updated, or ... A NOMENCLATURE FOR METHODS OF INHALATION ANESTHESIA. Anesthesiology 11 1953, Vol.14, 609-611. doi: ... Jack Moyers; A NOMENCLATURE FOR METHODS OF INHALATION ANESTHESIA. Anesthesiology 1953;14(6):609-611. ...
Research Report on Global Inhalation Anesthesia Market Insights, Forecast to 2025. The Report includes market price, demand, ... Table Inhalation Anesthesia Customers List. Table Inhalation Anesthesia Sales Channels. Table Inhalation Anesthesia ... Table Global Inhalation Anesthesia Sales by Type (2016-2025) (K Units). Table Global Inhalation Anesthesia Sales Share by Type ... Table Global Inhalation Anesthesia Sales by Regions 2016-2025 (K Units). Table Global Inhalation Anesthesia Sales Market Share ...
Intestinal Circulation during Inhalation Anesthesia Mark Tverskoy, M.D., Ph.D.; Simon Gelman, M.D., Ph.D.; Kathryn C. Fowler, B ... Intestinal Circulation during Inhalation Anesthesia You will receive an email whenever this article is corrected, updated, or ... Intestinal Circulation during Inhalation Anesthesia. Anesthesiology 4 1985, Vol.62, 462-469. doi: ... Mark Tverskoy, Simon Gelman, Kathryn C. Fowler, E. L. Bradley; Intestinal Circulation during Inhalation Anesthesia. ...
The research report on Inhalation Anesthesia Market is segmented by Drug Type, by End User and by Geography - Size, Share, ... Inhalation Anesthesia Market - Market Taxonomy On the basis of drug type, the global inhalation anesthesia market is segmented ... Inhalation Anesthesia Market Analysis. Inhalation Anesthesia Market, by Drug Type (Nitrous Oxide and Halogenated Agents [ ... Inhalation Anesthesia Market - Regional Insights On the basis of geography, the global inhalation anesthesia market is ...
Inhalation Anesthesia Market Size Share & Trends Analysis Report By Application (Induction, Maintenance), By Product ( ... thus increasing the usage of inhalation anesthetics.. On the basis of product, the inhalation anesthesia market is classified ... The global inhalation anesthesia market size is projected to reach USD 1.42 billion by 2015, at a lucrative CAGR of 3.5% over ... Inhalation Anesthesia Market Size Share & Trends Analysis Report By Application, By Product, By Region And Segment Forecasts, ...
Reiz S., dAmbra M.N., Östman M. (1987) Myocardial Ischemia During Inhalation Anesthesia in Surgical Patients with Coronary ... Myocardial Ischemia During Inhalation Anesthesia in Surgical Patients with Coronary Artery Disease. ... Sonntag H, Larsen R, Hilfiker O, et al (1982) Myocardial blood flow and oxygen consumption during high-dose fentanyl anesthesia ... Wilkinson PL, Hamilton WK, Moyers JR, et al (1981) Halothane and morphine-nitrous oxide anesthesia in patients undergoing ...
The advantages and disadvantages of injectable versus inhalation anesthesia. *Isoflurane and halothane as inhalation ... Inhalation, or "gas" anesthesia, is an anesthetic technique that provides rapid recovery as well as excellent control over ... All of the commonly used inhalation anesthetics can be safely used in small rodents, provided appropriate equipment is ... Respiratory depression and hypothermia are two of the major concerns during anesthesia of small rodents. Therefore anesthetic ...
Effect of Inhalation Anesthetic on Barnoreflex and Maxillofacial Blood Flow under Hypotention Anesthesia.. Research Project ... Decrease of systemic blood pressure induced by halothane inhalation did not cause decrease of afferent baro-activity of aortic ... The efferent sympathetic activity of aortic nerve was decreased by 1% halothane inhalation.. Afferent activity of aortic nerve ... TAKAYAMA Haruko Niigata University, Dental Anesthesia, Assistant professor., 歯学部, 助手 (10216799) SEI Tatsunori Niigata ...
Inhalation anesthesia market is expected to reach $1,549 million by 2026, at a CAGR of 4.2%. By product, sevoflurane segment ... What is the market value of Inhalation Anesthesia market in 2019? A. The market value of global Inhalation Anesthesia market in ... U.S. INHALATION ANESTHESIA MARKET BY APPLICATION, 2018-2026 ($MILLION). TABLE 19. U.S. INHALATION ANESTHESIA MARKET BY END USER ... NORTH AMERICA INHALATION ANESTHESIA MARKET, BY END USER, 2018-2026 ($MILLION). TABLE 17. U.S. INHALATION ANESTHESIA MARKET BY ...
CAGR over 2019-2025 driven by increasing number of surgical procedures coupled with rising adoption of inhalation anesthetics. ... Worldwide inhalation anesthesia market value exceeded USD 1.3 billion in 2018 and the industry will grow at 5.4% ... Inhalation Anesthesia Industry, By Region. North America inhalation anesthesia market size is estimated to witness more than ... Inhalation Anesthesia Industry, By Application. Induction inhalation anesthesia market segment accounted for more than USD 250 ...
The effect of premedication with budesonide aerosol inhalation on the incidence of respiratory adverse events during anesthesia ... Budesonide, Aerosol inhalation, Anesthesia, Pediatric, Respiratory adverse events. Introduction. In pediatric surgery, general ... Children in group A used LMA for general anesthesia, and children in group B were treated with budesonide aerosol inhalation (1 ... We aimed to investigate the influence of budesonide aerosol inhalation for pediatric anesthesia on the incidence of RAEs. ...
The global Inhalation Anesthesia Market scope was appreciated by nearly US$ 1.12 billion in 2018 and is likely to witness a ... Inhalation Anesthesia (IA) has lesser threat of restlessness and is price operative as equated to Intravenous Anesthesia (IVA ... The Inhalation Anesthesia (IA) developed as anesthetic of choice above Intravenous Anesthesia (IVA) amongst mainstream of ... Inhalation Anesthesia Market Size & Forecast Report, 2014 - 2025. Report ID: MN17617978 , Published: April 2019 , No of Pages: ...
Now we have a complete product line of these instruments with top quality, various accessories, including anesthesia machine, ... gas evacuation system, anesthesia & surgery platform, masks, air pumps, induction platform, flowmeters, tubing and other ... NeuroScience has endeavored in developing and innovating in the anesthesia machine and gas evacuation system. ... Home / Inhalation Anesthesia. To provide the best and convenient solutions for our worldwide customers, NeuroScience has ...
Desflurane inhalation agent is a halogenated ether. It has the lowest blood/gas solubility coefficient amongst all inhalation ... Desflurane inhalation agent has a bp of 22.8°C just above room temperature (i.e., of operation theatres), SVP at 20°C 664 mm Hg ... The blood/gas solubility coefficient is 0.42, the lowest of all inhalation agents except xenon. So, induction and recovery are ... Uptake and distribution of Desflurane inhalation agent : Having the lowest blood/gas solubility it has the fastest induction ...
With respect to inhalation agent anesthetic , an increase in cardiac output and the consequent increased pulmonary blood flow ... The brain has a high perfusion and equilibrates rapidly with the inhalation agent anesthetic , muscle has 1/20th perfusion of ... The alveolar venous anesthetic gradient is determined by the amount of tissue uptake of an inhalation agent anesthetic . This ... With respect to inhalation agent anesthetic , an increase in cardiac output and the consequent increased pulmonary blood flow ...
Radius Anesthesia Oct 18, 2019. General anesthesia is administered either through intravenous or inhalation methods.1 ... inhalation anesthesia is segmented into induction, which is putting a patient under anesthesia, and maintenance, which is ... Randomized Controlled Trial of Total Intravenous Anesthesia with Propofol versus Inhalation Anesthesia with Isoflurane-Nitrous ... The inhalation anesthesia market is expected to grow at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 3.8 percent until 2025.4,6 The ...
Email: [email protected] For Medical Information queries, contact: [email protected] Report a complaint about a product, vaporizer, or other matter.. Adverse events should be reported to Piramal Critical Care at http://www.piramalcriticalcare.com/complaints. ...
The Global Inhalation Anesthesia market was approximately valued at $1.33 billion at 2018, with a projected CAGR of 4.1% during ... Inhalation anesthesia are used for induction and maintenance of general anesthesia and sedation. They are administered by the ... and predictable nature of inhalation anesthesia are the major factors driving the growth of the global inhalation anesthesia ... The Global Inhalation Anesthesia market was approximately valued at $1.33 billion at 2018, with a projected CAGR of 4.1% during ...
  • As Assistant Chief CRNA, Dr. Clark provides general, regional, and peripheral anesthesia to pediatric, adult, and obstetrical patients, while also completing administrative duties such as coordinating improvements to policies and procedures, overseeing the tasks of anesthesia staff, and managing continuing education sessions for CRNAs at the Medical Center. (onlinefnpprograms.com)
  • In addition to her clinical and staff leadership, Dr. Clark has an extensive background in nurse anesthesia education, having served as a Clinical Coordinator during her time at UC Davis Medical Center, as a Clinical Preceptor for Samuel Merritt University CRNA students, and as Assistant Professor and Co-Chairperson for the Admission Committee at Samuel Merritt University's Program of Nurse Anesthesia. (onlinefnpprograms.com)
  • My first job as a CRNA was at the University of California- Davis Medical Center (UCDMC) in Sacramento, CA. I was the clinical coordinator for the SMU PNA students at UCDMC and became a preceptor to nurse anesthesia students in the operating room (OR). (onlinefnpprograms.com)
  • Apart from the extensive discussion of the advances in knowledge in the field of cardiovascular pathophysiology, the focal point of the contribut- ions is made up of those with anaesthesia in coronary heart disease and cardiac insufficieny as well as the contribution on interactions of inhalation anaesthetics with cardiovascular drugs. (springer.com)
  • He defended his father's claim and criticized all others… "For example on Horace Wells's failure to establish nitrous oxide anesthesia, the junior Dr. Morton advanced the theory that it was the instrument that failed Wells, not the early withdrawal of nitrous oxide from the patient. (abaa.org)
  • In 1795, Sir Humphrey Davy and surgeon J. B. Borlase experimented with nitrous oxide and the effects of its inhalation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Germany accounted for highest revenue share in the region, owing to increasing chronic conditions associated with elderly population coupled with adoption rate of inhalation anesthesia. (openpr.com)