Anesthesia, General: Procedure in which patients are induced into an unconscious state through use of various medications so that they do not feel pain during surgery.Anesthesia: A state characterized by loss of feeling or sensation. This depression of nerve function is usually the result of pharmacologic action and is induced to allow performance of surgery or other painful procedures.Dental Care: The total of dental diagnostic, preventive, and restorative services provided to meet the needs of a patient (from Illustrated Dictionary of Dentistry, 1982).Anesthesia, Local: A blocking of nerve conduction to a specific area by an injection of an anesthetic agent.Anesthesia, Epidural: Procedure in which an anesthetic is injected into the epidural space.Anesthesia, Spinal: Procedure in which an anesthetic is injected directly into the spinal cord.Education, Dental: Use for articles concerning dental education in general.Schools, Dental: Educational institutions for individuals specializing in the field of dentistry.Anesthesia, Inhalation: Anesthesia caused by the breathing of anesthetic gases or vapors or by insufflating anesthetic gases or vapors into the respiratory tract.Anesthesia, Conduction: Injection of an anesthetic into the nerves to inhibit nerve transmission in a specific part of the body.Students, Dental: Individuals enrolled a school of dentistry or a formal educational program in leading to a degree in dentistry.Anesthesia, Dental: A range of methods used to reduce pain and anxiety during dental procedures.Dental Caries: Localized destruction of the tooth surface initiated by decalcification of the enamel followed by enzymatic lysis of organic structures and leading to cavity formation. If left unchecked, the cavity may penetrate the enamel and dentin and reach the pulp.Anesthesia, Intravenous: Process of administering an anesthetic through injection directly into the bloodstream.Dental Care for Chronically Ill: Dental care for patients with chronic diseases. These diseases include chronic cardiovascular, endocrinologic, hematologic, immunologic, neoplastic, and renal diseases. The concept does not include dental care for the mentally or physically disabled which is DENTAL CARE FOR DISABLED.Anesthesia, Obstetrical: A variety of anesthetic methods such as EPIDURAL ANESTHESIA used to control the pain of childbirth.Dental Care for Children: The giving of attention to the special dental needs of children, including the prevention of tooth diseases and instruction in dental hygiene and dental health. The dental care may include the services provided by dental specialists.Dental Clinics: Facilities where dental care is provided to patients.Anesthesia Recovery Period: The period of emergence from general anesthesia, where different elements of consciousness return at different rates.Dental Pulp: A richly vascularized and innervated connective tissue of mesodermal origin, contained in the central cavity of a tooth and delimited by the dentin, and having formative, nutritive, sensory, and protective functions. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)Dental Care for Disabled: Dental care for the emotionally, mentally, or physically disabled patient. It does not include dental care for the chronically ill ( = DENTAL CARE FOR CHRONICALLY ILL).Dental Hygienists: Persons trained in an accredited school or dental college and licensed by the state in which they reside to provide dental prophylaxis under the direction of a licensed dentist.Faculty, Dental: The teaching staff and members of the administrative staff having academic rank in a dental school.Dental Anxiety: Abnormal fear or dread of visiting the dentist for preventive care or therapy and unwarranted anxiety over dental procedures.Insurance, Dental: Insurance providing coverage for dental care.Dental Auxiliaries: Personnel whose work is prescribed and supervised by the dentist.Dental Health Services: Services designed to promote, maintain, or restore dental health.Dental Research: The study of laws, theories, and hypotheses through a systematic examination of pertinent facts and their interpretation in the field of dentistry. (From Jablonski, Illustrated Dictionary of Dentistry, 1982, p674)Anesthetics, Inhalation: Gases or volatile liquids that vary in the rate at which they induce anesthesia; potency; the degree of circulation, respiratory, or neuromuscular depression they produce; and analgesic effects. Inhalation anesthetics have advantages over intravenous agents in that the depth of anesthesia can be changed rapidly by altering the inhaled concentration. Because of their rapid elimination, any postoperative respiratory depression is of relatively short duration. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual, 1994, p173)Dental Care for Aged: The giving of attention to the special dental needs of the elderly for proper maintenance or treatment. The dental care may include the services provided by dental specialists.Anesthetics, Intravenous: Ultrashort-acting anesthetics that are used for induction. Loss of consciousness is rapid and induction is pleasant, but there is no muscle relaxation and reflexes frequently are not reduced adequately. Repeated administration results in accumulation and prolongs the recovery time. Since these agents have little if any analgesic activity, they are seldom used alone except in brief minor procedures. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual, 1994, p174)Dental Arch: The curve formed by the row of TEETH in their normal position in the JAW. The inferior dental arch is formed by the mandibular teeth, and the superior dental arch by the maxillary teeth.Adjuvants, Anesthesia: Agents that are administered in association with anesthetics to increase effectiveness, improve delivery, or decrease required dosage.Propofol: An intravenous anesthetic agent which has the advantage of a very rapid onset after infusion or bolus injection plus a very short recovery period of a couple of minutes. (From Smith and Reynard, Textbook of Pharmacology, 1992, 1st ed, p206). Propofol has been used as ANTICONVULSANTS and ANTIEMETICS.Dental Plaque: A film that attaches to teeth, often causing DENTAL CARIES and GINGIVITIS. It is composed of MUCINS, secreted from salivary glands, and microorganisms.Dental Offices: The room or rooms in which the dentist and dental staff provide care. Offices include all rooms in the dentist's office suite.Dental Staff: Personnel who provide dental service to patients in an organized facility, institution or agency.Dental Records: Data collected during dental examination for the purpose of study, diagnosis, or treatment planning.Anesthesiology: A specialty concerned with the study of anesthetics and anesthesia.General Practice, Dental: Nonspecialized dental practice which is concerned with providing primary and continuing dental care.Dental Equipment: The nonexpendable items used by the dentist or dental staff in the performance of professional duties. (From Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p106)Anesthetics, Local: Drugs that block nerve conduction when applied locally to nerve tissue in appropriate concentrations. They act on any part of the nervous system and on every type of nerve fiber. In contact with a nerve trunk, these anesthetics can cause both sensory and motor paralysis in the innervated area. Their action is completely reversible. (From Gilman AG, et. al., Goodman and Gilman's The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics, 8th ed) Nearly all local anesthetics act by reducing the tendency of voltage-dependent sodium channels to activate.Methyl Ethers: A group of compounds that contain the general formula R-OCH3.Isoflurane: A stable, non-explosive inhalation anesthetic, relatively free from significant side effects.Anesthetics, Combined: The use of two or more chemicals simultaneously or sequentially to induce anesthesia. The drugs need not be in the same dosage form.Dental Amalgam: An alloy used in restorative dentistry that contains mercury, silver, tin, copper, and possibly zinc.Dental Assistants: Individuals who assist the dentist or the dental hygienist.Nitrous Oxide: Nitrogen oxide (N2O). A colorless, odorless gas that is used as an anesthetic and analgesic. High concentrations cause a narcotic effect and may replace oxygen, causing death by asphyxia. It is also used as a food aerosol in the preparation of whipping cream.Education, Dental, Continuing: Educational programs designed to inform dentists of recent advances in their fields.Dental Implants: Biocompatible materials placed into (endosseous) or onto (subperiosteal) the jawbone to support a crown, bridge, or artificial tooth, or to stabilize a diseased tooth.Monitoring, Intraoperative: The constant checking on the state or condition of a patient during the course of a surgical operation (e.g., checking of vital signs).Anesthetics: Agents that are capable of inducing a total or partial loss of sensation, especially tactile sensation and pain. They may act to induce general ANESTHESIA, in which an unconscious state is achieved, or may act locally to induce numbness or lack of sensation at a targeted site.Dental Service, Hospital: Hospital department providing dental care.Radiography, Dental: Radiographic techniques used in dentistry.Education, Dental, Graduate: Educational programs for dental graduates entering a specialty. They include formal specialty training as well as academic work in the clinical and basic dental sciences, and may lead to board certification or an advanced dental degree.Dentists: Individuals licensed to practice DENTISTRY.Dental Models: Presentation devices used for patient education and technique training in dentistry.Ethics, Dental: The principles of proper professional conduct concerning the rights and duties of the dentist, relations with patients and fellow practitioners, as well as actions of the dentist in patient care and interpersonal relations with patient families. (From Stedman, 25th ed)Halothane: A nonflammable, halogenated, hydrocarbon anesthetic that provides relatively rapid induction with little or no excitement. Analgesia may not be adequate. NITROUS OXIDE is often given concomitantly. Because halothane may not produce sufficient muscle relaxation, supplemental neuromuscular blocking agents may be required. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual, 1994, p178)Lidocaine: A local anesthetic and cardiac depressant used as an antiarrhythmia agent. Its actions are more intense and its effects more prolonged than those of PROCAINE but its duration of action is shorter than that of BUPIVACAINE or PRILOCAINE.Societies, Dental: Societies whose membership is limited to dentists.Technology, Dental: The field of dentistry involved in procedures for designing and constructing dental appliances. It includes also the application of any technology to the field of dentistry.Specialties, Dental: Various branches of dental practice limited to specialized areas.Dental Health Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to dental or oral health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.Fluorosis, Dental: A chronic endemic form of hypoplasia of the dental enamel caused by drinking water with a high fluorine content during the time of tooth formation, and characterized by defective calcification that gives a white chalky appearance to the enamel, which gradually undergoes brown discoloration. (Jablonski's Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p286)Licensure, Dental: The granting of a license to practice dentistry.Laboratories, Dental: Facilities for the performance of services related to dental treatment but not done directly in the patient's mouth.Dental Materials: Materials used in the production of dental bases, restorations, impressions, prostheses, etc.Fees, Dental: Amounts charged to the patient as payer for dental services.Dental Technicians: Individuals responsible for fabrication of dental appliances.Anesthesia, Closed-Circuit: Inhalation anesthesia where the gases exhaled by the patient are rebreathed as some carbon dioxide is simultaneously removed and anesthetic gas and oxygen are added so that no anesthetic escapes into the room. Closed-circuit anesthesia is used especially with explosive anesthetics to prevent fires where electrical sparking from instruments is possible.Fentanyl: A potent narcotic analgesic, abuse of which leads to habituation or addiction. It is primarily a mu-opioid agonist. Fentanyl is also used as an adjunct to general anesthetics, and as an anesthetic for induction and maintenance. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1078)Practice Management, Dental: The organization and operation of the business aspects of a dental practice.Dental Sac: Dense fibrous layer formed from mesodermal tissue that surrounds the epithelial enamel organ. The cells eventually migrate to the external surface of the newly formed root dentin and give rise to the cementoblasts that deposit cementum on the developing root, fibroblasts of the developing periodontal ligament, and osteoblasts of the developing alveolar bone.Preanesthetic Medication: Drugs administered before an anesthetic to decrease a patient's anxiety and control the effects of that anesthetic.Anesthetics, General: Agents that induce various degrees of analgesia; depression of consciousness, circulation, and respiration; relaxation of skeletal muscle; reduction of reflex activity; and amnesia. There are two types of general anesthetics, inhalation and intravenous. With either type, the arterial concentration of drug required to induce anesthesia varies with the condition of the patient, the desired depth of anesthesia, and the concomitant use of other drugs. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual, 1994, p.173)Bupivacaine: A widely used local anesthetic agent.Ambulatory Surgical Procedures: Surgery performed on an outpatient basis. It may be hospital-based or performed in an office or surgicenter.Ketamine: A cyclohexanone derivative used for induction of anesthesia. Its mechanism of action is not well understood, but ketamine can block NMDA receptors (RECEPTORS, N-METHYL-D-ASPARTATE) and may interact with sigma receptors.Nerve Block: Interruption of NEURAL CONDUCTION in peripheral nerves or nerve trunks by the injection of a local anesthetic agent (e.g., LIDOCAINE; PHENOL; BOTULINUM TOXINS) to manage or treat pain.Conscious Sedation: A drug-induced depression of consciousness during which patients respond purposefully to verbal commands, either alone or accompanied by light tactile stimulation. No interventions are required to maintain a patent airway. (From: American Society of Anesthesiologists Practice Guidelines)Dentistry: The profession concerned with the teeth, oral cavity, and associated structures, and the diagnosis and treatment of their diseases including prevention and the restoration of defective and missing tissue.Thiopental: A barbiturate that is administered intravenously for the induction of general anesthesia or for the production of complete anesthesia of short duration.Anesthesia, Caudal: Epidural anesthesia administered via the sacral canal.Tooth Extraction: The surgical removal of a tooth. (Dorland, 28th ed)Esthetics, Dental: Skills, techniques, standards, and principles used to improve the art and symmetry of the teeth and face to improve the appearance as well as the function of the teeth, mouth, and face. (From Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p108)Dentist-Patient Relations: The psychological relations between the dentist and patient.Comprehensive Dental Care: Providing for the full range of dental health services for diagnosis, treatment, follow-up, and rehabilitation of patients.Health Education, Dental: Education which increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of dental health on a personal or community basis.Tooth: One of a set of bone-like structures in the mouth used for biting and chewing.Anesthetics, Dissociative: Intravenous anesthetics that induce a state of sedation, immobility, amnesia, and marked analgesia. Subjects may experience a strong feeling of dissociation from the environment. The condition produced is similar to NEUROLEPTANALGESIA, but is brought about by the administration of a single drug. (From Gilman et al., Goodman and Gilman's The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics, 8th ed)Infection Control, Dental: Efforts to prevent and control the spread of infections within dental health facilities or those involving provision of dental care.Pentobarbital: A short-acting barbiturate that is effective as a sedative and hypnotic (but not as an anti-anxiety) agent and is usually given orally. It is prescribed more frequently for sleep induction than for sedation but, like similar agents, may lose its effectiveness by the second week of continued administration. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual, 1994, p236)Dental Papilla: Mesodermal tissue enclosed in the invaginated portion of the epithelial enamel organ and giving rise to the dentin and pulp.Dental Prosthesis: An artificial replacement for one or more natural teeth or part of a tooth, or associated structures, ranging from a portion of a tooth to a complete denture. The dental prosthesis is used for cosmetic or functional reasons, or both. DENTURES and specific types of dentures are also available. (From Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p244 & Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p643)Intubation, Intratracheal: A procedure involving placement of a tube into the trachea through the mouth or nose in order to provide a patient with oxygen and anesthesia.Enflurane: An extremely stable inhalation anesthetic that allows rapid adjustments of anesthesia depth with little change in pulse or respiratory rate.Xylazine: An adrenergic alpha-2 agonist used as a sedative, analgesic and centrally acting muscle relaxant in VETERINARY MEDICINE.Tooth DiseasesAnesthesia Department, Hospital: Hospital department responsible for the administration of functions and activities pertaining to the delivery of anesthetics.Anesthesia, IntratrachealDental Audit: A detailed review and evaluation of selected clinical records by qualified professional personnel for evaluating quality of dental care.Oral Health: The optimal state of the mouth and normal functioning of the organs of the mouth without evidence of disease.Dental Instruments: Hand-held tools or implements especially used by dental professionals for the performance of clinical tasks.Dental Waste: Any waste product generated by a dental office, surgery, clinic, or laboratory including amalgams, saliva, and rinse water.Dental Implantation: The grafting or inserting of a prosthetic device of alloplastic material into the oral tissue beneath the mucosal or periosteal layer or within the bone. Its purpose is to provide support and retention to a partial or complete denture.Economics, Dental: Economic aspects of the dental profession and dental care.Intraoperative Complications: Complications that affect patients during surgery. They may or may not be associated with the disease for which the surgery is done, or within the same surgical procedure.Pain, Postoperative: Pain during the period after surgery.DMF Index: "Decayed, missing and filled teeth," a routinely used statistical concept in dentistry.Dental Alloys: A mixture of metallic elements or compounds with other metallic or metalloid elements in varying proportions for use in restorative or prosthetic dentistry.Dental Caries Susceptibility: The predisposition to tooth decay (DENTAL CARIES).Dental Informatics: The application of computer and information sciences to improve dental practice, research, education and management.Dentistry, Operative: That phase of clinical dentistry concerned with the restoration of parts of existing teeth that are defective through disease, trauma, or abnormal development, to the state of normal function, health, and esthetics, including preventive, diagnostic, biological, mechanical, and therapeutic techniques, as well as material and instrument science and application. (Jablonski's Dictionary of Dentistry, 2d ed, p237)Oral Hygiene: The practice of personal hygiene of the mouth. It includes the maintenance of oral cleanliness, tissue tone, and general preservation of oral health.Pediatric Dentistry: The practice of dentistry concerned with the dental problems of children, proper maintenance, and treatment. The dental care may include the services provided by dental specialists.Dental Occlusion: The relationship of all the components of the masticatory system in normal function. It has special reference to the position and contact of the maxillary and mandibular teeth for the highest efficiency during the excursive movements of the jaw that are essential for mastication. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p556, p472)Prilocaine: A local anesthetic that is similar pharmacologically to LIDOCAINE. Currently, it is used most often for infiltration anesthesia in dentistry.Dental Scaling: Removal of dental plaque and dental calculus from the surface of a tooth, from the surface of a tooth apical to the gingival margin accumulated in periodontal pockets, or from the surface coronal to the gingival margin.Intraoperative Period: The period during a surgical operation.Molar: The most posterior teeth on either side of the jaw, totaling eight in the deciduous dentition (2 on each side, upper and lower), and usually 12 in the permanent dentition (three on each side, upper and lower). They are grinding teeth, having large crowns and broad chewing surfaces. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p821)Dental Facilities: Use for material on dental facilities in general or for which there is no specific heading.Dental Devices, Home Care: Devices used in the home by persons to maintain dental and periodontal health. The devices include toothbrushes, dental flosses, water irrigators, gingival stimulators, etc.Anesthesia and Analgesia: Medical methods of either relieving pain caused by a particular condition or removing the sensation of pain during a surgery or other medical procedure.Preventive Dentistry: The branch of dentistry concerned with the prevention of disease and the maintenance and promotion of oral health.Photography, Dental: Photographic techniques used in ORTHODONTICS; DENTAL ESTHETICS; and patient education.Cesarean Section: Extraction of the FETUS by means of abdominal HYSTEROTOMY.Dentist's Practice Patterns: Patterns of practice in dentistry related to diagnosis and treatment.American Dental Association: Professional society representing the field of dentistry.Methohexital: An intravenous anesthetic with a short duration of action that may be used for induction of anesthesia.Hypnotics and Sedatives: Drugs used to induce drowsiness or sleep or to reduce psychological excitement or anxiety.Oral Surgical Procedures: Surgical procedures used to treat disease, injuries, and defects of the oral and maxillofacial region.Dental Porcelain: A type of porcelain used in dental restorations, either jacket crowns or inlays, artificial teeth, or metal-ceramic crowns. It is essentially a mixture of particles of feldspar and quartz, the feldspar melting first and providing a glass matrix for the quartz. Dental porcelain is produced by mixing ceramic powder (a mixture of quartz, kaolin, pigments, opacifiers, a suitable flux, and other substances) with distilled water. (From Jablonski's Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)Radiography, Dental, Digital: A rapid, low-dose, digital imaging system using a small intraoral sensor instead of radiographic film, an intensifying screen, and a charge-coupled device. It presents the possibility of reduced patient exposure and minimal distortion, although resolution and latitude are inferior to standard dental radiography. A receiver is placed in the mouth, routing signals to a computer which images the signals on a screen or in print. It includes digitizing from x-ray film or any other detector. (From MEDLINE abstracts; personal communication from Dr. Charles Berthold, NIDR)Community Dentistry: The practice of dentistry concerned with preventive as well as diagnostic and treatment programs in a circumscribed population.Stomatognathic Diseases: General or unspecified diseases of the stomatognathic system, comprising the mouth, teeth, jaws, and pharynx.Dental Implantation, Endosseous: Insertion of an implant into the bone of the mandible or maxilla. The implant has an exposed head which protrudes through the mucosa and is a prosthodontic abutment.Dental Polishing: Creation of a smooth and glossy surface finish on a denture or amalgam.Electroencephalography: Recording of electric currents developed in the brain by means of electrodes applied to the scalp, to the surface of the brain, or placed within the substance of the brain.Incisor: Any of the eight frontal teeth (four maxillary and four mandibular) having a sharp incisal edge for cutting food and a single root, which occurs in man both as a deciduous and a permanent tooth. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p820)Midazolam: A short-acting hypnotic-sedative drug with anxiolytic and amnestic properties. It is used in dentistry, cardiac surgery, endoscopic procedures, as preanesthetic medication, and as an adjunct to local anesthesia. The short duration and cardiorespiratory stability makes it useful in poor-risk, elderly, and cardiac patients. It is water-soluble at pH less than 4 and lipid-soluble at physiological pH.Surgery, Oral: A dental specialty concerned with the diagnosis and surgical treatment of disease, injuries, and defects of the human oral and maxillofacial region.Toothache: Pain in the adjacent areas of the teeth.Mepivacaine: A local anesthetic that is chemically related to BUPIVACAINE but pharmacologically related to LIDOCAINE. It is indicated for infiltration, nerve block, and epidural anesthesia. Mepivacaine is effective topically only in large doses and therefore should not be used by this route. (From AMA Drug Evaluations, 1994, p168)Consciousness: Sense of awareness of self and of the environment.Alfentanil: A short-acting opioid anesthetic and analgesic derivative of FENTANYL. It produces an early peak analgesic effect and fast recovery of consciousness. Alfentanil is effective as an anesthetic during surgery, for supplementation of analgesia during surgical procedures, and as an analgesic for critically ill patients.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Legislation, Dental: Laws and regulations pertaining to the field of dentistry, proposed for enactment or recently enacted by a legislative body.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Tooth Abnormalities: Congenital absence of or defects in structures of the teeth.Surgical Procedures, Minor: Surgery restricted to the management of minor problems and injuries; surgical procedures of relatively slight extent and not in itself hazardous to life. (Dorland, 28th ed & Stedman, 25th ed)Mandible: The largest and strongest bone of the FACE constituting the lower jaw. It supports the lower teeth.Xenon: A noble gas with the atomic symbol Xe, atomic number 54, and atomic weight 131.30. It is found in the earth's atmosphere and has been used as an anesthetic.Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting: Emesis and queasiness occurring after anesthesia.Neuromuscular Nondepolarizing Agents: Drugs that interrupt transmission at the skeletal neuromuscular junction without causing depolarization of the motor end plate. They prevent acetylcholine from triggering muscle contraction and are used as muscle relaxants during electroshock treatments, in convulsive states, and as anesthesia adjuvants.EthersDental Enamel Hypoplasia: An acquired or hereditary condition due to deficiency in the formation of tooth enamel (AMELOGENESIS). It is usually characterized by defective, thin, or malformed DENTAL ENAMEL. Risk factors for enamel hypoplasia include gene mutations, nutritional deficiencies, diseases, and environmental factors.Libraries, DentalHemodynamics: The movement and the forces involved in the movement of the blood through the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM.Dental Cavity Preparation: An operation in which carious material is removed from teeth and biomechanically correct forms are established in the teeth to receive and retain restorations. A constant requirement is provision for prevention of failure of the restoration through recurrence of decay or inadequate resistance to applied stresses. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p239-40)Diagnosis, Oral: Examination of the mouth and teeth toward the identification and diagnosis of intraoral disease or manifestation of non-oral conditions.Ether: A mobile, very volatile, highly flammable liquid used as an inhalation anesthetic and as a solvent for waxes, fats, oils, perfumes, alkaloids, and gums. It is mildly irritating to skin and mucous membranes.Double-Blind Method: A method of studying a drug or procedure in which both the subjects and investigators are kept unaware of who is actually getting which specific treatment.Tooth, Deciduous: The teeth of the first dentition, which are shed and replaced by the permanent teeth.Surgical Procedures, Operative: Operations carried out for the correction of deformities and defects, repair of injuries, and diagnosis and cure of certain diseases. (Taber, 18th ed.)Evidence-Based Dentistry: An approach or process of practicing oral health care that requires the judicious integration of systematic assessments of clinical relevant scientific evidence, relating to the patient's oral and medical condition and history, with the dentist's clinical expertise and the patient's treatment needs and preferences. (from J Am Dent Assoc 134: 689, 2003)Group Practice, Dental: Any group of three or more full-time dentists, organized in a legally recognized entity for the provision of dental care, sharing space, equipment, personnel and records for both patient care and business management, and who have a predetermined arrangement for the distribution of income.Dental Pulp Diseases: Endodontic diseases of the DENTAL PULP inside the tooth, which is distinguished from PERIAPICAL DISEASES of the tissue surrounding the root.Carticaine: A thiophene-containing local anesthetic pharmacologically similar to MEPIVACAINE.Dental Prosthesis Design: The plan and delineation of dental prostheses in general or a specific dental prosthesis. It does not include DENTURE DESIGN. The framework usually consists of metal.Tooth Injuries: Traumatic or other damage to teeth including fractures (TOOTH FRACTURES) or displacements (TOOTH LUXATION).Dental Calculus: Abnormal concretion or calcified deposit that forms around the teeth or dental prostheses.Dental Pulp CalcificationPostoperative Complications: Pathologic processes that affect patients after a surgical procedure. They may or may not be related to the disease for which the surgery was done, and they may or may not be direct results of the surgery.Chloralose: A derivative of CHLORAL HYDRATE that was used as a sedative but has been replaced by safer and more effective drugs. Its most common use is as a general anesthetic in animal experiments.Fluorides: Inorganic salts of hydrofluoric acid, HF, in which the fluorine atom is in the -1 oxidation state. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed) Sodium and stannous salts are commonly used in dentifrices.Manifest Anxiety Scale: True-false questionnaire made up of items believed to indicate anxiety, in which the subject answers verbally the statement that describes him.Heart Rate: The number of times the HEART VENTRICLES contract per unit of time, usually per minute.Dentition: The teeth collectively in the dental arch. Dentition ordinarily refers to the natural teeth in position in their alveoli. Dentition referring to the deciduous teeth is DENTITION, PRIMARY; to the permanent teeth, DENTITION, PERMANENT. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)Analgesics, Opioid: Compounds with activity like OPIATE ALKALOIDS, acting at OPIOID RECEPTORS. Properties include induction of ANALGESIA or NARCOSIS.Dental Bonding: An adhesion procedure for orthodontic attachments, such as plastic DENTAL CROWNS. This process usually includes the application of an adhesive material (DENTAL CEMENTS) and letting it harden in-place by light or chemical curing.Sufentanil: An opioid analgesic that is used as an adjunct in anesthesia, in balanced anesthesia, and as a primary anesthetic agent.Dental Plaque Index: An index which scores the degree of dental plaque accumulation.Toothbrushing: The act of cleaning teeth with a brush to remove plaque and prevent tooth decay. (From Webster, 3d ed)Pain Measurement: Scales, questionnaires, tests, and other methods used to assess pain severity and duration in patients or experimental animals to aid in diagnosis, therapy, and physiological studies.Dental Restoration Failure: Inability or inadequacy of a dental restoration or prosthesis to perform as expected.Endodontics: A dental specialty concerned with the maintenance of the dental pulp in a state of health and the treatment of the pulp cavity (pulp chamber and pulp canal).Consciousness Monitors: Devices used to assess the level of consciousness especially during anesthesia. They measure brain activity level based on the EEG.Laryngeal Masks: A type of oropharyngeal airway that provides an alternative to endotracheal intubation and standard mask anesthesia in certain patients. It is introduced into the hypopharynx to form a seal around the larynx thus permitting spontaneous or positive pressure ventilation without penetration of the larynx or esophagus. It is used in place of a facemask in routine anesthesia. The advantages over standard mask anesthesia are better airway control, minimal anesthetic gas leakage, a secure airway during patient transport to the recovery area, and minimal postoperative problems.Prosthodontics: A dental specialty concerned with the restoration and maintenance of oral function by the replacement of missing TEETH and related structures by artificial devices or DENTAL PROSTHESES.Maxilla: One of a pair of irregularly shaped bones that form the upper jaw. A maxillary bone provides tooth sockets for the superior teeth, forms part of the ORBIT, and contains the MAXILLARY SINUS.Dental Cements: Substances used to bond COMPOSITE RESINS to DENTAL ENAMEL and DENTIN. These bonding or luting agents are used in restorative dentistry, ROOT CANAL THERAPY; PROSTHODONTICS; and ORTHODONTICS.Odontogenesis: The process of TOOTH formation. It is divided into several stages including: the dental lamina stage, the bud stage, the cap stage, and the bell stage. Odontogenesis includes the production of tooth enamel (AMELOGENESIS), dentin (DENTINOGENESIS), and dental cementum (CEMENTOGENESIS).Medetomidine: An agonist of RECEPTORS, ADRENERGIC ALPHA-2 that is used in veterinary medicine for its analgesic and sedative properties. It is the racemate of DEXMEDETOMIDINE.Dental Impression Technique: Procedure of producing an imprint or negative likeness of the teeth and/or edentulous areas. Impressions are made in plastic material which becomes hardened or set while in contact with the tissue. They are later filled with plaster of Paris or artificial stone to produce a facsimile of the oral structures present. Impressions may be made of a full complement of teeth, of areas where some teeth have been removed, or in a mouth from which all teeth have been extracted. (Illustrated Dictionary of Dentistry, 1982)Blood Pressure: PRESSURE of the BLOOD on the ARTERIES and other BLOOD VESSELS.Periodontal Diseases: Pathological processes involving the PERIODONTIUM including the gum (GINGIVA), the alveolar bone (ALVEOLAR PROCESS), the DENTAL CEMENTUM, and the PERIODONTAL LIGAMENT.Neuromuscular Blocking Agents: Drugs that interrupt transmission of nerve impulses at the skeletal neuromuscular junction. They can be of two types, competitive, stabilizing blockers (NEUROMUSCULAR NONDEPOLARIZING AGENTS) or noncompetitive, depolarizing agents (NEUROMUSCULAR DEPOLARIZING AGENTS). Both prevent acetylcholine from triggering the muscle contraction and they are used as anesthesia adjuvants, as relaxants during electroshock, in convulsive states, etc.Dental Abutments: Natural teeth or teeth roots used as anchorage for a fixed or removable denture or other prosthesis (such as an implant) serving the same purpose.Periodontics: A dental specialty concerned with the histology, physiology, and pathology of the tissues that support, attach, and surround the teeth, and of the treatment and prevention of disease affecting these tissues.Manuals as Topic: Books designed to give factual information or instructions.

Balanced pre-emptive analgesia: does it work? A double-blind, controlled study in bilaterally symmetrical oral surgery. (1/480)

We studied 32 patients undergoing bilateral symmetrical lower third molar surgery under general anaesthesia to determine if the combined effects of pre-emptive local anaesthetic block using 0.5% bupivacaine, together with i.v. tenoxicam and alfentanil had any benefits over postoperative administration. Patients acted as their own controls and were allocated randomly to have surgery start on one side, the second side always being the pre-emptive side. Difference in pain intensity between the two sides was determined using visual analogue scales completed by each individual at 6 h, and at 1, 3 and 6 days after operation. A long-form McGill pain questionnaire was also used to assess difference in pain intensity between the two sides on the morning after surgery. There was no significant difference in pain intensity at any time after surgery. Our findings indicate that the combined use of pre-emptive analgesia from 0.5% bupivacaine, tenoxicam and alfentanil did not reduce postoperative pain intensity in patients undergoing molar exodontia.  (+info)

The interaction between pindolol and epinephrine contained in local anesthetic solution to the left ventricular diastolic filling velocity in normal subjects. (2/480)

To evaluate the interaction between the nonselective beta-blocker, pindolol, and epinephrine contained in a local anesthetic solution, the left ventricular diastolic filling velocity was examined with pulsed Doppler echocardiography. Arterial blood pressure (BP), the R-R interval on the electrocardiogram (RR), and Doppler echo-cardiographic measurements were recorded in seven healthy volunteers after 45 micrograms of epinephrine contained in lidocaine (L-E) was injected in the maxilla after pretreatment with 5 mg of pindolol. The administration of L-E caused the elevation of BP and an increase in RR interval. Peak early (E) and peak atrial (A) filling velocities decreased, whereas isovolumic relaxation time (IVRT) and diastolic filling period (DFP) were prolonged. Although the ratio of E to A (E/A) remained unchanged, E/A/DFP was reduced. In contrast, when L-E was given without pindolol pretreatment, RR interval was shortened and BP was unchanged. The increase of both E and A velocities and the shortening of both IVRT and DFP were observed. E/A remained unchanged but E/A/DFP was increased. These results suggested that L-E caused opposite effects on the left ventricular filling velocity in the presence or absence of pindolol. We conclude that epinephrine activates the left ventricular relaxation rate but impairs it in the presence of pindolol.  (+info)

Epinephrine, magnesium, and dental local anesthetic solutions. (3/480)

Plasma levels of magnesium were unaffected by the inclusion of epinephrine in lidocaine dental local anesthetic solutions in patients having third molar surgery under general anesthesia.  (+info)

Analgesic and anti-inflammatory efficacy of tenoxicam and diclofenac sodium after third molar surgery. (4/480)

Tenoxicam and diclofenac sodium were compared with each other for analgesic efficacy following removal of third molars under general anesthesia. Thirty-five healthy patients between the ages of 18 and 28 yr were randomly allocated to two groups to participate in this study. Patients in Group A (n = 17) received a single intravenous injection of tenoxicam 40 mg at induction of anesthesia, followed by a 20-mg tablet given in the evening of the day of the operation and thereafter, one 20-mg tablet daily from days 2 to 7. Group B (n = 18) received a single intramuscular injection of diclofenac sodium 75 mg at induction of anesthesia, followed by a 50-mg tablet 4 to 6 hr after the operation and again, between 2100 hr and 2200 hr the same day. Thereafter, a 50-mg tablet was taken 3 times daily for the next 6 days. Pain was measured hourly for the first 4 hr postoperatively, then at 21 hr, and thereafter in the morning and the evenings on days 2 to 7. The highest pain scores were obtained 1 hr postoperatively for both trial groups. At 1 and 2 hr postoperatively, no statistical significant differences in pain scores could be shown for both groups. However, at 3 and 4 hr postoperatively, patients in the tenoxicam group experienced significantly (P < or = 0.05) less pain than those in the diclofenac sodium group. On the evening of the third postoperative day, the tenoxicam group of patients experienced significantly less pain (P < or = 0.05) than those in the diclofenac sodium group. This was again the case on the morning of the fourth postoperative day. On the fifth, sixth, and seventh postoperative days, the average pain scores for patients in the tenoxicam group were statistically significantly lower, both mornings and evenings, than those in the diclofenac sodium group of patients (P = 0.05).  (+info)

Prolonged diplopia following a mandibular block injection. (5/480)

A case is presented in which a 14-yr-old girl developed diplopia after injection of the local anesthetic Xylotox E 80 A (2% lidocaine with 1:80,000 epinephrine). Since the complication had a relatively slow onset and lasted for 24 hr, the commonly suggested explanations based on vascular, lymphatic, and neural route theories do not adequately fit the observations. No treatment, other than reassurance, was necessary, and the patient recovered fully.  (+info)

A pilot study of the efficacy of oral midazolam for sedation in pediatric dental patients. (6/480)

Oral midazolam is being used for conscious sedation in dentistry with little documentation assessing its efficacy. In order to accumulate preliminary data, a randomized, double-blind, controlled, crossover, multi-site pilot study was conducted. The objective was to determine if 0.6 mg/kg of oral midazolam was an equally effective or superior means of achieving conscious sedation in the uncooperative pediatric dental patient, compared with a commonly used agent, 50 mg/kg of oral chloral hydrate. Twenty-three children in three clinics who required dentistry with local anesthetic and were determined to exhibit behavior rated as "negative" or "definitely negative" based on the Frankl scale were assessed. They were evaluated with respect to acceptance of medication; initial level of anxiety at each appointment; level of sedation prior to and acceptance of local anesthetic; movement and crying during the procedure; and overall behavior. The results showed that the group randomly assigned to receive midazolam had a significantly greater initial level of anxiety for that appointment (P < 0.02), a finding that could clearly confound further determination of the efficacy of these drugs. Patients given oral midazolam had an increased level of sedation prior to the administration of local anesthetic compared with those given chloral hydrate (P < 0.015). No statistically significant differences were noted in any of the other parameters. The age of the patient was found to have no correlation with the difference in overall behavior (r = -0.09). These preliminary data warrant further clinical trials.  (+info)

Comparison of recovery of propofol and methohexital sedation using an infusion pump. (7/480)

Two sedative anesthetic agents administered by an infusion pump were compared during third molar surgery. Forty American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) class I or II volunteers were randomly allocated to two groups. All subjects received supplemental oxygen via a nasal hood, fentanyl (0.0007 mg/kg intravenous [i.v.] bolus), and midazolam (1 mg/2 min) titrated to effect. Patients then received either 0.3 mg/kg of methohexital or 0.5 mg/kg of propofol via an infusion pump. Upon completion of the bolus, a continuous infusion of 0.05 mg/kg/min methohexital or 0.066 mg/kg/min propofol was administered throughout the procedure. Hemo-dynamic and respiratory parameters and psychomotor performance were compared for the two groups and no significant differences were found. The continuous infusion method maintained a steady level of sedation. Patients receiving propofol had a smoother sedation as judged by the surgeon and anesthetist.  (+info)

Efficacy of mandibular topical anesthesia varies with the site of administration. (8/480)

This study compared the threshold of pain sensitivity in the anterior mandibular mucobuccal fold with the posterior. This was followed by a comparison of the reduction of needle insertion pain in the anterior mucobuccal fold and the pterygo-temporal depression by either topical anesthesia or nitrous oxide inhalation. The pain threshold was determined by an analgometer, a pain-measuring device that depends on pressure readings; additionally, pain caused by a needle inserted by a normal technique was assessed using a visual analog scale (VAS). The threshold of pain was significantly lower in the incisor and canine regions than in the premolar and the molar regions (P < 0.001). Compared to a placebo, topical anesthesia significantly reduced the pain from needle insertion in the mucobuccal fold adjacent to the mandibular canine (P < 0.001), but did not significantly reduce pain in the pterygotemporal depression. The addition of 30% nitrous oxide did not significantly alter pain reduction compared to a control of 100% oxygen. These results suggest that topical anesthesia application may be effective in reducing the pain of needle insertion in the anterior mandibular mucobuccal fold, but may not be as effective for a standard inferior alveolar nerve block. The addition of 30% nitrous oxide did not lead to a significant improvement.  (+info)

Dr. Eitan Gross is board certified with the American Dental Board of Anesthesiology and is an active member of the American Society of Dentist Anesthesiologists. Dr. Gross has completed extensive post-doctoral training in anesthesiology in one of the most respected dental anesthesia residency programs in the country. He is licensed by the State of Florida to provide general anesthesia and is required to maintain continuing education in anesthesia, advanced cardiac life support, and pediatric advanced life support.. Florida Dental Anesthesia Services provides in-office sedation and anesthesia for patients undergoing dental procedures. We work with many dentists in South Florida. Whether it is a young toddler needing extensive dental treatment or an adult who would just like the option of sleeping peacefully through their dental procedure, we can help. If your dentist is not currently working with Florida Dental Anesthesia Services, we would be glad to discuss our in-office anesthesia services ...
Dental anesthesia (or dental anaesthesia) is a field of anesthesia that includes not only local anesthetics but sedation and general anesthesia. The most commonly used local anesthetic is lidocaine (also called xylocaine or lignocaine), a modern replacement for procaine (also known as novocaine). Its half-life in the body is about 1.5-2 hours. Other local anesthetic agents in current use include articaine (also called septocaine or ubistesin), bupivacaine (a long-acting anesthetic), and mepivacaine. A combination of these may be used depending on the situation. Also, most agents come in two forms: with and without epinephrine (adrenaline) or other vasoconstrictor that allow the agent to last longer and also controls bleeding in the tissue during procedures. Usually the case is classified using the ASA Physical Status Classification System before any anesthesia is given. Nerve block - a common form of local dental anesthesia; blocks the reception of pain in one region of the mouth at a time. ...
Florida Dental Anesthesia specializes in dental sedation and sedation dentistry in Palm Beach, Broward and Miami-Dade. Our dental sedation services are comfortable, convenient and most importantly, safe. Florida Dental Anesthesia strives to provide the utmost in patient safety and satisfaction and ensure the highest levels of professionalism safety throughout all dental sedation procedures. If you are searching for a dental sedation expert in the Palm Beach, Broward or Miami-Dade areas, feel free to fill out our contact form and we will have someone contact you. ...
What you need to know about dental anesthesia. Find a local dentist near you for the comfortable anxiety free dental care youve always wanted. Learn about conscious sedation, IV sedation, dental anesthesia, sleep dentist and how to sleep through your next dental appointment without fear or anxiety. Ask how you can combine cosmetic dentistry with sedation for the smile youve always wanted. Find a sedation dentist in your area with cost saving offers and dental patient financing options for adults and teens.
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Your baby will measure between 18-22 inches at birth. The core muscles can help to prevent falls and injuries that are more common during pregnancy and make delivery shorter and easier. Usually, the first day of the last menstrual period commences the nine months duration of pregnancy. This ovum would then travel through the Fallopian tubes dental anesthesia and pregnancy to the uterus. so tiny. Ask family members or friends dentql help prrgnancy housework, cooking, and shopping. Blood on toothbrush - Gross I know, but your body ramps up blood production while preggo which makes even healthy gums much more susceptible to bleeding. The embryo will have a very simply circulatory system and heart and will start to develop buds that will eventually grow into arms and legs. Females have a pair of ovaries located on each side of the uterus. Although I havent done dental anesthesia and pregnancy blood test, but I am sure the baby is there. If youre slipping away to visit the ladies room all night, ...
Find out more about dental anesthesia and dental sedation that may be required for a dental procedure. Find more on procedures, risks, and anesthesia types here.
Six-year-old Caleb Sears: His death was preventable. Im not a pediatric anesthesiologist. Most of us in anesthesiology - even those who take care of children in the operating room or the ICU every day - probably will never give anesthesia to a child in a dentists or oral surgeons office. So why should we care what happens there? Dental anesthesia permits and regulations, after all, are under the authority of state dental boards, not medical boards.. The reason we should care is that healthy children have died under anesthesia in dental office settings, children like Marvelena Rady, age 3, and Caleb Sears, age 6. Unfortunately, they arent the first children to suffer serious complications or death in our state after dental procedures under sedation or general anesthesia, and unless California laws change, they wont be the last.. In 2016, officers and past presidents of the California Society of Anesthesiologists (CSA) have made multiple trips to meetings of the Dental Board of California ...
The incidence of missing wisdom teeth was significantly higher in the group that had received dental anesthesia; statistical evidence suggests that this did not happen by chance alone. We hope our findings stimulate research using larger sample sizes and longer periods of observation to confirm our findings and help better understand how wisdom teeth can be stopped from developing," Silvestri continued. "Dentists have been giving local anesthesia to children for nearly 100 years and may have been preventing wisdom teeth from forming without even knowing it. Our findings give hope that a procedure preventing third molar growth can be developed ...
What you need to know about dental anesthesia in the area. Find a local cosmetic dentist near you for the perfect teeth you have always wanted. Learn about Lumineers, porcelain veneers, dental crown and tooth bonding. Find cosmetic dentists in your area with cost saving offers and dental treatment financing options for adults and teens.
Dental Anesthesia is the field of anesthesia which includes Local Anesthetics but sedation and general anesthetics. Lidocaine is the most commonly used ane
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Our dentist office offers a referral rewards program to our patients in Albany, NY. You receive points for each person you refer to us & each point has a $50 value. Redeem on any procedure, including dental anesthesia & sedation dentistry procedures. Call us today to learn more!
At the Dental Anesthesia Clinic of Montreal, we are equipped and trained to perform dental surgery, including wisdom tooth extraction.
Health Related Articles and News - Dental Anesthesia Support Group - Dental Health. Discuss with people facing the same health challenges as yours and seek online advice from experts.
FAQs - Dental Anesthesia Support Group - Dental Health. Discuss with people facing the same health challenges as yours and seek online advice from experts.
Dental Health Care Providers (DCPs) traditionally use finger retraction or mirror retraction when delivering local anesthesia 1-3. Existing dental anesthesia curriculums and educational programs have not emphasized techniques other than using the finger for retraction of mucosa 4-7. Literature presents cases of needlestick injuries (NSIs) when the finger is used to retract mucosa to deliver anesthesia 8, 9. Innovations towards dental anesthesia delivery have progressed throughout the years 1,4,10-13. In addition, various instruments exist both in clinical practice and on the market to aid in retraction (cheek retractor, tongue depressor, etc.) 1,14-16.. In 2010, a device was approved for purchase in the United States for use during dental anesthesia delivery (Figure 1). This device is a cordless, rechargeable, handheld system that delivers pulsed micro-oscillations to the injection site. The disposable retraction tips consisting of two rubber prongs with an illuminating LED light appropriate for ...
At SleepyDentistry.net youll find a reputable dental anesthesia and dental sedation provider that delivers safe and efficient relief to valued clients living in or near Cross Plains, IN. Our licensed dentist anesthesiologist is well trained and equipped and specializes on pain control and patient management. From general anesthesia, tropical anesthesia, local anesthesia and other types of dental anesthesia, our certified and experienced anesthesiologist provide various anesthesia requirements for dental patients. We also offer portable in-office moderate dental sedation to provide a more comfortable dental experience. You may also want a moderate I.V. sedation instead for a more relaxed state during dental procedures especially for dental surgeries. If you have a post traumatic stress disorder, special medical conditions such as autism or mental illness, TMJ discomfort or suffer from anxiety, dental sedation is the best option. Our outstanding service is open to all 47017 patients as well as ...
At SleepyDentistry.net youll find a reputable dental anesthesia and dental sedation provider that delivers safe and efficient relief to valued clients living in or near Reading, VT. Our licensed dentist anesthesiologist is well trained and equipped and specializes on pain control and patient management. From general anesthesia, tropical anesthesia, local anesthesia and other types of dental anesthesia, our certified and experienced anesthesiologist provide various anesthesia requirements for dental patients. We also offer portable in-office moderate dental sedation to provide a more comfortable dental experience. You may also want a moderate I.V. sedation instead for a more relaxed state during dental procedures especially for dental surgeries. If you have a post traumatic stress disorder, special medical conditions such as autism or mental illness, TMJ discomfort or suffer from anxiety, dental sedation is the best option. Our outstanding service is open to all 05062 patients as well as those ...
CEUs: 3 Speaker: Sherri Meyers Join your colleagues to use discussion, problem-solving, and sharing of best practices to enhance radiographic techniques and the quality of your radiographic/digital images and to ensure diagnostic films and client safety. Participants will self-identify concerns or areas where improvement is desired and cover a variety of topics designed to meet ...
Looking for intraosseous anesthesia? Find out information about intraosseous anesthesia. loss of sensation, especially that of pain pain, unpleasant or hurtful sensation resulting from stimulation of nerve endings. The stimulus is carried by... Explanation of intraosseous anesthesia
Inhalation sedation is particularly useful for anxious children. Children must be able to understand the purpose and mechanisms (in appropriate terminology) of inhalation sedation, so the minimum age for treating children under inhalation sedation is approximately three years. This is usually the lowest age at which the child has an appropriate degree of understanding to enable sufficient co‐operation for treatment. Older children scheduled for orthodontic extractions may also benefit from inhalation sedation. Such children may not be particularly frightened of routine treatment but multiple extractions of permanent teeth or surgical procedures, such as the exposure of canines, can be somewhat traumatic. Sedation can help to make the procedure more acceptable and the time pass more quickly.. Another key indication for inhalation sedation is the treatment of adults who have a general (as opposed to dental) phobia of needles or injections. Such individuals find it impossible to accept ...
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This is a list of local anesthetic agents. Not all of these drugs are still used in clinical practice and in research. Some are primarily of historical interest. 4-Aminobenzoic acid Amino amide Amino esters Anesthesia Anesthetic Brachial plexus block Cocaine analogues: local anesthetics Dental anesthesia Dibucaine number Epidural Intravenous regional anesthesia Local anesthesia Local anesthetic with vasoconstrictor Local anesthetic toxicity Methemoglobin Sodium channel blocker Spinal anesthesia Topical anesthesia Veterinary anesthesia Büchi, J; Stünzi, E; Flury, M; Hirt, R; Labhart, P; Ragaz, L (1951). "Über lokalanästhetisch wirksame basische Ester und Amide verschiedener Alkoxy-amino-benzoesäuren". Helvetica Chimica Acta. 34 (4): 1002-1013. doi:10.1002/hlca.19510340404. S. M. McElvain and T. P. Carney, J. Amer. Chem. Soc, 68, 2592 (1946). K. Miescher, Helv. Chim. Acta, 15, 163 (1932). 44. T. H. Rider, J. Amer. Chem. Soc, 52, 2115 (1930). M. S. Raasch and W. R. Brode, J. Amer. Chem. Soc, ...
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This course is designed to provide the practicing dental assistant with the background knowledge necessary for aiding in the administration of nitrous oxide-oxygen analgesia
A sympathomimetic with alpha-adrenergic activity. It has a vasoconstrictor effect which reduces mucosal swelling and congestion. Topical use via nasal spray (twice a day) or ophthalmological (3-4 times a day). It is also used in face cream to treat rosacea (Kuang 2018) and, mixed with local anesthetics, in dental anesthesia. Since the last update we have not found published data in relation to breastfeeding. The small dose and low plasma absorption of most topical nasal, dermal or ophthalmological preparations make transfer into breastmilk in significant amounts unlikely. Recorded plasma concentrations of oxymetazoline are low and their systemic effects are not clinically significant with the usual doses (Cartabuke 2019, Kuang 2018, Cacek 2017, Giannakopoulos 2012), so significant concentrations in milk are not expected. Do not exceed the recommended dose and time periods in order to avoid undesirable side effects and the possible decrease in milk production cited by some authors (Nice
This basic-level course describes PDL injection techniques for administering local anesthetics to provide pulpal anesthesia when conventional infiltration and regional block methods are inadequate.
Sacramento Periodontists, The Professionals at Capitol Periodontal Group specialize in dentistry procedures such as periodontics, implants, and dental anesthesia in the Roseville, Elk Grove, Folsom, and Sacramento, California areas.
Outpatient General Anesthesia is recommended for apprehensive children, very young children, and children with special needs that would not work well under conscious sedation or I.V. sedation. General anesthesia renders your child completely asleep. This would be the same as if he/she was having their tonsils removed, ear tubes, or hernia repaired. This is performed in a hospital or outpatient setting only. While the assumed risks are greater than that of other treatment options, if this is suggested for your child, the benefits of treatment this way have been deemed to outweigh the risks. Most pediatric medical literature places the risk of a serious reaction in the range of 1 in 25,000 to 1 in 200,000, far better than the assumed risk of even driving a car daily. The inherent risks if this is not chosen are multiple appointments, potential for physical restraint to complete treatment and possible emotional and/or physical injury to your child in order to complete their dental treatment. The ...
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Our staff is trained in assisting with intravenous (IV) sedation or outpatient general anesthesia all taking place in our state-of-the-art office setting. Patients are continuously monitored during and after surgery. The dental/surgical staff at Hecht are experienced, certified oral and maxillofacial surgical assistants who assist in the administration of IV sedation and surgery. We have a trained registered nurse (RN) who assists in surgery. All staff are informed administrative personnel, well-versed in health and insurance policies.
At Asensio Dental Clinic we offer our patients dental treatment with conscious sedation, under the control our our anaesthesiologist.. All of our dentist specialists have been working with this dental sedation technique for years, which facilitates the treatment for the patient as well as the dentist.. The utilisation of conscious sedation facilitates a state of well being, reduces manifestations of tension and anxiety in the patient.. Why choose this sedation?. Fear of the dentist. Due to fear of the dentist many patients end up with really serious orthodontic problems, a fact that could be prevented going initially to the orthodontist. In patients that are afraid of the dentist, after a conscious sedation has been carried out, a vicious, phobic circle is broken, which afterwards will allow them to come to Asensio Dental Clinic, having conquered their fears.. Objectives that an ideal sedation must meet are:. ...
South African Dental Journal. 72: 176-178.. *^ a b c Unless else specified in box, then ref is: Walter F. Boron (2005). Medical ... Vasoconstrictors mixed with local anesthetics are used to increase the duration of local anesthesia by constricting the blood ... "Vasoconstrictor agents for local anesthesia". Anesth Prog. 42 (3-4): 116-20. PMC 2148913. PMID 8934977 ...
"The Discovery of Surgical Anesthesia". Journal of Dental Research. 90 (1): 31-34. doi:10.1177/0022034510385239. ... The following are possible uses for conscious sedation "dental anxiety and phobia, a need for prolonged or traumatic dental ... This comprises of a detailed record of the patient's history and a thorough examination: A medical, dental and social history ... "Standards for Conscious Sedation in the Provision of Dental Care: Report of the Intercollegiate Advisory Committee for Sedation ...
Anesthesia, Dental and Physiotherapy. It provides 24 hours services for Emergency, Laboratory, ECG, X-RAY (CR System), Pharmacy ... The Crimson Hospital, Lumbini Eye care center and other Dental and medical centers of the Manigram are serving more than 50% ...
Monsour PA, Savage NW (October 1989). "Cervicofacial emphysema following dental procedures". Australian Dental Journal. 34 (5 ... Journal of Clinical Anesthesia. 1 (6): 457-459. doi:10.1016/0952-8180(89)90011-1. PMID 2696508. ... On infrequent occasions, the condition can result from dental surgery, usually due to use of high-speed tools that are air ...
Anesthesia Gardner, WJ; Licklider JC (1959). "Auditory analgesia in dental operations". J Am Dent Assoc. 59: 1144-1149. PMID ... British Dental Journal P. Simkin, A. Bolding "Update on nonpharmacologic approaches to relieve labor pain and prevent suffering ... There are many studies of this technique in dental, obstetric, and palliative care contexts. The most recent review reports ... Anesthesia Progress. 16 (1): 8-14. PMC 2235527 . PMID 5250548. "Nonpharmacologic Approaches to Relieve Labor Pain: Music and ...
A method of sedation analgesia in routine dentistry". Journal of the Dental Association of South Africa. 29 (2): 77-80. PMID ... Pediatric Anesthesia. 17 (2): 148-53. doi:10.1111/j.1460-9592.2006.02037.x. PMID 17238886. Grindlay J, Babl FE (2009). " ... Canadian Journal of Anesthesia. 17 (3): 275-8. doi:10.1007/BF03004607. PMID 5512851. Packer KJ, Titel JH (1969). " ... Journal of the American Dental Association. 75 (5): 1176-81. PMID 5233333. Firn S (1972). "Methoxyflurane analgesia for burns ...
Canadian Journal of Anesthesia. 17 (3): 275-8. doi:10.1007/BF03004607. PMID 5512851. Retrieved 2010-11-21.. ... A method of sedation analgesia in routine dentistry". Journal of the Dental Association of South Africa. 29 (2): 77-80. PMID ... Sechzer, PH (1971). "Studies in pain with the analgesic-demand system". Anesthesia and Analgesia. 50 (1): 1-10. doi:10.1213/ ... Pediatric Anesthesia. 17 (2): 148-53. doi:10.1111/j.1460-9592.2006.02037.x. PMID 17238886.. ...
Post anesthesia care unit[edit]. Nurses provide extensive care to patients in the early stages of emergence from anesthetic and ... Examples include dental, gynecological, and diagnostic imaging clinics. Pain management[edit]. Pain management nurses are ... In Canada, the Canadian Nurses Association has recently added peri- or post-anesthesia nursing as a certified specialty with ... from the PreAdmission/PreOperative Phase through to the Anesthesia Phase and all of the PostAnesthesia phases) in education, ...
Stanley TH (January 2000). "Anesthesia for the 21st century". Proceedings. 13 (1): 7-10. PMC 1312206 . PMID 16389318. Gable RS ... Becker DE (Spring 2007). "Drug therapy in dental practice: general principles. Part 2 - pharmacodynamic considerations". ... Anesthesia Progress. 54 (1): 19-23; quiz 24-5. doi:10.2344/0003-3006(2007)54[19:DTIDPG]2.0.CO;2. PMC 1821133 . PMID 17352523. ...
Becker, D.E. (2007). "Drug therapy in dental practice: general principles. Part 2 - pharmacodynamic considerations". Anesthesia ...
Local anesthesia with indifferent liquids.) - 1894 Von der Seele. Essays. (From the soul, essays) - 1910 See Von der Seele. ... Buch- und Zeitschriften-Verlag "Die Quintessenz," (1973). Quintessence International, Dental Digest, Volume 4. p. 87 Schleich ... He is best known for his contribution to clinical anesthesia. In addition, he was also a philosopher, poet and painter. ... Glial cells: The other cells of the nervous system NCBI History of anesthesia in Germany Schleich, Carl Ludwig (1936). Those ...
The second type of jaw wiring is called orthodontic jaw wiring (OJW) or dental jaw wiring, and can be used as a treatment for ... The procedure is not invasive and does not require anesthesia. Unlike inter-maxillary fixation, OJW does not keep the upper and ... The arch bars completely enwrap the dental arch. The upper and lower arch bars are connected to each other with elastics, ... Once the bones have set (usually after 8-10 weeks), the wiring is removed under local anesthesia or nitrous oxide sedation. ...
It is the most routinely used dental local treatment. Regional analgesia Local analgesia Campoy, Luis; Read, Matt (2012). Small ... Animal Regional Anesthesia and Analgesia. John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 9781118507902. Retrieved 5 December 2017. Duggal, M. S.; ...
It is widely used[where?] in dentistry as anesthesia for acute dental pulpitis treatment.[citation needed] The leaves were ...
Local application of felypressin in dental anesthesia is not prohibited. The following diuretics, and chemicals with similar ...
Rahn R, Ball B (2001). Local Anesthesia in Dentistry: Articaine and Epinephrine for Dental Anesthesia (1 st ed.). Seefeld, ... Currently the maximum recommended daily dosage for people in a dental setting requiring local anesthesia with a peripheral ... Epinephrine/adrenaline is frequently combined with dental and spinal anesthetics and can cause panic attacks in susceptible ... patients at a time when they may be unable to move or speak due to twilight anesthesia.[32] ...
Local Anesthesia for the Dental Hygienist, Logothetis, Elsevier, 2012 Connor, JP; Edelson, JG (April 1988). "Needle tract ... Inferior alveolar nerve block (abbreviated to IANB, and also termed inferior alveolar nerve anesthesia or inferior dental block ... Administration of anesthesia near the mandibular foramen causes blockage of the inferior alveolar nerve and the nearby lingual ... This symptom is only momentary, and anesthesia will quickly occur. There are a number of techniques that are commonly used to ...
The School of Dental Medicine was established at the University of Connecticut Health Center in Farmington during the 1960s. ... A one-month general anesthesia rotation is provided. The graduate residency program offers training in Periodontology and ... The School of Dental Medicine has seven speciality programs. The Department of Periodontology has made significant ... The Department of Periodontology is a division of the University of Connecticut School of Dental Medicine Department of Oral ...
New Mexico Dental Journal. 31:12_24, 1981. Reprinted from the New York State Dental Journal 1980. 28.*Marbach, J.J., and Lund P ... Anesthesia Progress. 34:93_98, 1990. 55.Lennon, M.C., Dohrenwend, B.P., Zautra, A.J., and Marbach, J.J., Coping and Adaptation ... Dental Clinics North America. 29:215_235, 1985. 43.*Marbach, J.J., The Solid Gold Placebo. New York State Dental Journal. 51: ... Journal Alabama Dental Association. 64:25_35, 1980. Reprinted from the New York State Dental Journal 1980. 27.*Marbach, J.J., ...
He then returned to Switzerland to learn usage of Procaine in Dental anesthesia. He returned to United States later on and ... He eventually moved to USA in 1908 and received his dental degree from Harvard School of Dental Medicine in 1911. ... Harvard Dental School Professor of Oral Surgery - University of Pennsylvania School of Dental Medicine American Board of Oral ... Harvard Dental School Curator- Harvard Dental Museum Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine and Oral Pathology Journal - Editor in Chief ( ...
Anesthesia in animals has many similarities to human anesthesia, but some differences as well. Local anesthesia is primarily ... Common dental surgical procedures: Horses - Floating (grinding down) of uneven teeth edges and removal of wolf teeth. Dogs - ... Most surgeries in ruminants can be performed with regional anesthesia. General anesthesia is commonly used in animals for major ... Cats - Dental prophylaxis as described above for the dog and treatment and extraction of teeth with feline odontoclastic ...
He died April 11, 2006, at age 40, while under anesthesia during dental work. Benson's Wild Animal Farm reopened in May 2010 as ...
... to codeine for postoperative dental pain". Anesthesia Progress. 31 (2): 77-81. PMC 2515536 . PMID 6597688. Kotick, Michael P.; ...
Three of the rescued miners had immediate surgery under general anesthesia for dental problems. The rescue crews planned to ... Two miners were suffering from silicosis, one of whom also had pneumonia, and others were suffering from dental infections and ...
Anesthesia Anesthesiologist Anesthetic equipment Anesthetics BIS monitor to assess the depth of anesthesia Dental anesthesia ... and insurers as well as dental professionals providing local and general anesthesia. Some anesthesiologists now propose that ... anesthesia providers and assisting staff), duration of surgery or anesthesia, availability of equipment, medicine, blood, ... Often different anesthesia providers assign different grades to the same case. The word 'systemic' in this classification ...
Lynch CD, O'Sullivan VR, McGillycuddy CT (2006). "Pierre Fauchard: The 'Father of Modern Dentistry'". British Dental Journal. ... or anesthesia. Most of these have branched from one or other of the two camps above; for example anaesthesia developed first as ... Anesthesia & Analgesia. 116 (6): 1360-1363. doi:10.1213/ANE.0b013e31828f2d5e. PMID 23709076.. ...
Dental anesthesia (or dental anaesthesia) is a field of anesthesia that includes not only local anesthetics but sedation and ... page 216 Local Anesthesia for the Dental Hygienist, Logothetis, Elsevier, 2012 Local Anesthesia for the Dental Hygienist, ... Dental surgery American Society of Dentist Anesthesiologists American Dental Board of Anesthesiology National Dental Board of ... "Use of safety dental syringes in British and Irish dental schools". British Dental Journal. 195 (4): 207-209. doi:10.1038/sj. ...
Dental instruments Manufacturers, Dental instruments Exporters, Dental instruments Wholesalers, Dental instruments Distributors ... anesthesia instruments, oral instruments, obstetrical instruments, scissors.. Member since 14 September, 2009, United Arab ... We are dealing with dental products.. We are regularly Selling: dental disposable, dental equipment, dental instrument, dental ... We are regularly Selling: dental instruments, dental implant system, dental biomaterial, medicine laboratory kits, medical ...
Increasing incidence of dental disorders is creating huge scope for the dentists resulting high revenue. As the arrival rate of ... It is associated with less number of failures and also provides anesthesia in cases where other anesthetics fail. ... On the basis of End Users the market is segmented into dental clinics, hospitals and academic and research institutes ...
After disinfection of the surgical site under local anesthesia, we have performed a palatal incision along the cervical lines ... including dental pulp, periodontal ligament and dental follicle. Dental stem cells are multipotent mesenchymal stem cells that ... Harvesting the dental follicle. Dental follicles were surgically removed from the completely intrabone impacted third molar/ ... Establishment of cell cultures from the dental follicle. Fragments from dental follicles were placed in 50 ml Falcon tubes ...
Dental Botox. *Dental Anesthesia. *Smile Gallery *Cosmetic Dentistry *Porcelain Crowns (Caps). *Other Procedures *Dental ... The need for dental x-rays depends on each patients individual dental health needs. Your dentist and dental hygienist will ... Dental X-Rays. Dental radiographs (x-rays) are essential, preventative, diagnostic tools that provide valuable information not ... Dentists and dental hygienists use this information to safely and accurately detect hidden dental abnormalities and complete an ...
How often should dental X-rays be taken?. The need for dental X-rays depends on each patients individual dental health needs. ... Before General Anesthesia * After Dental Implant Surgery * After Tooth Extractions * Dental Anxiety and Fear ... Dental X-Rays Dental radiographs (X-rays) are essential, preventative, diagnostic tools that provide valuable information not ... Your dentist and dental hygienist will recommend necessary x-rays based on the review of your medical and dental history, ...
Center for Dental Anesthesia (407) 894-4921 http://www.centerfordentalanesthesia.com/ Dr. Lawrence Duffy, Dr. Kyle Duffy and ... Kyle Duffy and the elite staff at Center for Dental Anesthesia would like to welcome you to their office. We are here to ... Dental Anesthesia for People with CRPS - Duration: 27:48. RSDSAofAmerica 1,728 views ... Jacobi Medical Center - Dental Anesthesia - Duration: 5:21. Tiff Sizzle 270 views ...
... www.centerfordentalanesthesia.com Our dentists at Center for Dental Anesthesia see and treat special needs... ... Our dentists at Center for Dental Anesthesia see and treat special needs patients in Orlando, FL. With the care from Dr. ... Dental Care for Children with Special Health Care Needs - Boston Childrens Hospital - Duration: 7:28. Boston Childrens ... Kyle Duffy, Anna is now able to eat and smile with confidence! Contact our dental office to schedule an appointment for your ...
I have some claims for anesthesia provided for dental procedures that have been denied by Iowa Medicaid. I know they have 6 ... I know they have 6 criteria that need to be met for them to pay for dental anesthesia. The problem is that I dont have these ... Anesthesia consults for dental surgery, can they get paid?. By bugaboo in forum Pediatrics ... I have some claims for anesthesia provided for dental procedures that have been denied by Iowa Medicaid. ...
... for at least two people with specific training and credentials be present when a child has deep sedation or general anesthesia ... Anesthesia Groups Endorse Updated AAP Advice on Dental Sedation - Medscape - Aug 01, 2019. ... Updated recommendations on deep sedation and anesthesia in children undergoing dental procedures issued by the American Academy ... credentials be present with a pediatric patient undergoing deep sedation or general anesthesia for dental treatment in a dental ...
... is pleased to announce it will be returning to the American Dental Society ... Visit equipment expert Lauren Trotter in booth 107 to learn more about exclusive dental anesthesia equipment options from DRE. ... Visit DRE Equipment Expert Lauren Trotter in booth 107 to learn more about exclusive dental anesthesia options from DRE ... a portable anesthesia machine that is ideal for office-based dental procedures. ...
Any advice on how to diagnose visits for anesthesia clearance for dental problems when the only underlying reason for clearance ... Anesthesia consults for dental surgery, can they get paid?. By bugaboo in forum Pediatrics ... Any advice on how to diagnose visits for anesthesia clearance for dental problems when the only underlying reason for clearance ... One pre-operative E&M procedure by a physician for a dental client prior to performing dental surgery in an outpatient setting ...
My dad wont get his teeth cleaned, though, because that means putting him under anesthesia, and hes afraid Spike will die. ... There is always some risk when a pet (or person) goes under anesthesia, but advanced anesthesia drugs and techniques used help ... "Many factors have improved anesthesia safety over the years," Dr. Pypendop says. "These likely include drugs with more ... "More advanced equipment for monitoring pets during anesthesia allows for thorough assessment of the pets status during the ...
Discover Anesthesiology in OAKLAND from Childrens Dental Anesthesia Group Inc today. Learn more about Anesthesiology financing ... Childrens Dental Anesthesia Group Inc. Healthcare Specialists. 747 52ND ST RM 3200, OAKLAND, CA 94609 ...
Anesthesia Free Dentals $155. Two things struck me about this announcement: 1. The questionable legality of the procedure 2. ... The other employee that is listed underwent some training in anesthesia-free dental cleanings, but as far as I could tell was ... Anesthesia is scary, I understand that. But, under most circumstances (even when pets are being managed for some types of ... Another concern is that dental instruments are sharp! I shudder to think of what might happen to a pets mouth if he or she ...
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9780323073714 Our cheapest price for Local Anesthesia for the Dental Hygienist is $30.56. Free shipping on all orders over $ ... Written by a dental hygienist for dental hygienists, Local Anesthesia for the Dental Hygienist helps you learn the safe and ... Local Anesthesia for the Dental Hygienist. by Logothetis, Demetra Daskalos *ISBN13: 9780323073714. ... Expert author Demetra Logothetis is a dental hygiene educator with 15 years of experience teaching local anesthesia ...
... children often receive moderate sedation or general anesthesia for dental treatment. Demand for anesthesia for treatment of ... Ethics Rounds: Death After Pediatric Dental Anesthesia: An Avoidable Tragedy?. Helen Lee, Peter Milgrom, Colleen E. Huebner, ... Trends in death associated with pediatric dental sedation and general anesthesia. Paediatr Anaesth. 2013;23(8):741-746pmid: ... In this article, we present a case of a death after dental anesthesia and ask experts to speculate on how to improve the ...
You distinguish between local anesthesia, which induces the absence of sensation in a part of the body, and general anesthesia ... Find out more about dental anesthesia in this video. ... Anesthesia shuts down body functions such as consciousness, ... Please note that a responsible dentist always informs patients about the risks of using anesthesia and only uses anesthetics as ... Anesthesia is a controlled condition of unconsciousness induced by medication. Nowadays, dentists use a local anesthetic called ...
Find more on procedures, risks, and anesthesia types here. ... and dental sedation that may be required for a dental procedure ... The most common form is local anesthesia, meaning that it dulls pain in all or part of the mouth during dental work, but does ... Other Info About Anesthesia. *What Does Laughing Gas Do to a Dental Patient?. ... If you need local anesthesia, your dentist will dry part of your mouth with air or use cotton rolls, then swab the area with a ...
Find more on procedures, risks, and anesthesia types here. ... and dental sedation that may be required for a dental procedure ... The most common form is local anesthesia, meaning that it dulls pain in all or part of the mouth during dental work, but does ... If you need local anesthesia, your dentist will dry part of your mouth with air or use cotton rolls, then swab the area with a ... Anesthesia is administered prior to a procedure to help dull pain or sedate a nervous or anxious patient. ...
Local Anesthesia for Dental Professionals, 2/e provides a user-friendly, primary resource for instructors and students of pain ... Comprehensive yet accessible content: The text is an all-in-one resource in local anesthesia for dental and dental hygiene ... Local Anesthesia for Dental Professionals, 2/e provides unparalleled coverage in a straightforward, user-friendly format. It ... Local Anesthesia for Dental Professionals, 2/e provides a user-friendly, primary resource for instructors and students of pain ...
... including dental cleanings, require anesthesia. AAHA believes that anesthesia-free dental procedures do not meet their high ... made a bold move recently in mandating that all pets undergoing dental procedures, ... including dental cleanings, require anesthesia. AAHA believes that anesthesia-free dental procedures do not meet their high ... For more information about AAHAs new dental guidelines, please see AAHA Standards: Anesthesia and intubation for dental ...
Visit PayScale to research dental hygienist hourly pay by city, experience, skill, employer and more. ... The average hourly pay for an Experienced Dental Hygienist with Anesthesia skills in Las Vegas, Nevada is $42.88. ... Dental Hygienists. Do?. Dental hуgіеnіsts perform a number of duties within a dental office. They are responsible for cleaning ... Average Experienced Dental Hygienist with Anesthesia Skills Hourly Pay in Las Vegas, Nevada. ...
Author: Chandler Spencer, Catalog: Dental Anesthesia , Published: Apr 17, 2015 ...
  • Dental follicle stem cells are the origin of the periodontium, including cementum, periodontal ligament and alveolar bone [ 4 , 5 ] and this developmental cascade confirms the existence of stem cells in the dental follicle. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Pressure anesthesia - pressure with a cotton swab in the area to distract the nerve sensation of pain when the needle enters certain areas such as palatal tissue. (wikipedia.org)
  • For this reason, the maxillary arch is usually anesthetized locally for dental work by inserting the needle beneath the oral mucosa surrounding the teeth so as to anesthetize the smaller branches. (wikipedia.org)
  • An injection blocks sensation in the inferior alveolar nerve, which runs from the angle of the mandible down the medial aspect of the mandible, innervating the mandibular teeth, lower lip, chin, and parts of the tongue, which is effective for dental work in the mandibular arch. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Inferior alveolar nerve anaesthesia or block or IANB (sometimes termed "inferior dental block", or wrongly referred to as the "mandibular block") probably is anesthetized more often than any other nerve in the body. (wikipedia.org)
  • Nerves lying near the point where the inferior alveolar nerve enters the mandible often are also anesthetized during inferior alveolar anesthesia, such as affecting hearing (auriculotemporal nerve). (wikipedia.org)
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