Anesthesia, Caudal: Epidural anesthesia administered via the sacral canal.Anesthesiology: A specialty concerned with the study of anesthetics and anesthesia.Biometric Identification: A method of differentiating individuals based on the analysis of qualitative or quantitative biological traits or patterns. This process which has applications in forensics and identity theft prevention includes DNA profiles or DNA fingerprints, hand fingerprints, automated facial recognition, iris scan, hand geometry, retinal scan, vascular patterns, automated voice pattern recognition, and ultrasound of fingers.Anesthesia, Epidural: Procedure in which an anesthetic is injected into the epidural space.Obstetrics: A medical-surgical specialty concerned with management and care of women during pregnancy, parturition, and the puerperium.Computer Security: Protective measures against unauthorized access to or interference with computer operating systems, telecommunications, or data structures, especially the modification, deletion, destruction, or release of data in computers. It includes methods of forestalling interference by computer viruses or so-called computer hackers aiming to compromise stored data.Bupivacaine: A widely used local anesthetic agent.Anesthetics, Local: Drugs that block nerve conduction when applied locally to nerve tissue in appropriate concentrations. They act on any part of the nervous system and on every type of nerve fiber. In contact with a nerve trunk, these anesthetics can cause both sensory and motor paralysis in the innervated area. Their action is completely reversible. (From Gilman AG, et. al., Goodman and Gilman's The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics, 8th ed) Nearly all local anesthetics act by reducing the tendency of voltage-dependent sodium channels to activate.Anesthesia: A state characterized by loss of feeling or sensation. This depression of nerve function is usually the result of pharmacologic action and is induced to allow performance of surgery or other painful procedures.Anesthesia Department, Hospital: Hospital department responsible for the administration of functions and activities pertaining to the delivery of anesthetics.Anesthesia, Conduction: Injection of an anesthetic into the nerves to inhibit nerve transmission in a specific part of the body.Ross River virus: A species of ALPHAVIRUS associated with epidemic EXANTHEMA and polyarthritis in Australia.Anesthesia, General: Procedure in which patients are induced into an unconscious state through use of various medications so that they do not feel pain during surgery.Analgesia: Methods of PAIN relief that may be used with or in place of ANALGESICS.Anesthesia, Spinal: Procedure in which an anesthetic is injected directly into the spinal cord.Anesthesia, Local: A blocking of nerve conduction to a specific area by an injection of an anesthetic agent.Anesthesia, Obstetrical: A variety of anesthetic methods such as EPIDURAL ANESTHESIA used to control the pain of childbirth.Anesthesia, Intravenous: Process of administering an anesthetic through injection directly into the bloodstream.Pain, Postoperative: Pain during the period after surgery.Hernia, Inguinal: An abdominal hernia with an external bulge in the GROIN region. It can be classified by the location of herniation. Indirect inguinal hernias occur through the internal inguinal ring. Direct inguinal hernias occur through defects in the ABDOMINAL WALL (transversalis fascia) in Hesselbach's triangle. The former type is commonly seen in children and young adults; the latter in adults.Herniorrhaphy: Surgical procedures undertaken to repair abnormal openings through which tissue or parts of organs can protrude or are already protruding.Arm Bones: The bones of the free part of the upper extremity including the HUMERUS; RADIUS; and ULNA.Spinal Cord: A cylindrical column of tissue that lies within the vertebral canal. It is composed of WHITE MATTER and GRAY MATTER.Lidocaine: A local anesthetic and cardiac depressant used as an antiarrhythmia agent. Its actions are more intense and its effects more prolonged than those of PROCAINE but its duration of action is shorter than that of BUPIVACAINE or PRILOCAINE.Ligamentum Flavum: The paired bands of yellow elastic tissue that connect adjoining laminae of the vertebrae. With the laminae, it forms the posterior wall of the spinal canal and helps hold the body erect.Injections, Epidural: The injection of drugs, most often analgesics, into the spinal canal without puncturing the dura mater.Encyclopedias as Topic: Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Epidural Space: Space between the dura mater and the walls of the vertebral canal.Lumbar Vertebrae: VERTEBRAE in the region of the lower BACK below the THORACIC VERTEBRAE and above the SACRAL VERTEBRAE.Prone Position: The posture of an individual lying face down.Needles: Sharp instruments used for puncturing or suturing.Syringes: Instruments used for injecting or withdrawing fluids. (Stedman, 25th ed)Anatomic Landmarks: Reference points located by visual inspection, palpation, or computer assistance, that are useful in localizing structures on or within the human body.Guinea Pigs: A common name used for the genus Cavia. The most common species is Cavia porcellus which is the domesticated guinea pig used for pets and biomedical research.Stereoisomerism: The phenomenon whereby compounds whose molecules have the same number and kind of atoms and the same atomic arrangement, but differ in their spatial relationships. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 5th ed)Sodium Channels: Ion channels that specifically allow the passage of SODIUM ions. A variety of specific sodium channel subtypes are involved in serving specialized functions such as neuronal signaling, CARDIAC MUSCLE contraction, and KIDNEY function.Ion Channels: Gated, ion-selective glycoproteins that traverse membranes. The stimulus for ION CHANNEL GATING can be due to a variety of stimuli such as LIGANDS, a TRANSMEMBRANE POTENTIAL DIFFERENCE, mechanical deformation or through INTRACELLULAR SIGNALING PEPTIDES AND PROTEINS.NAV1.5 Voltage-Gated Sodium Channel: A voltage-gated sodium channel subtype that mediates the sodium ion PERMEABILITY of CARDIOMYOCYTES. Defects in the SCN5A gene, which codes for the alpha subunit of this sodium channel, are associated with a variety of CARDIAC DISEASES that result from loss of sodium channel function.Calcium Channels: Voltage-dependent cell membrane glycoproteins selectively permeable to calcium ions. They are categorized as L-, T-, N-, P-, Q-, and R-types based on the activation and inactivation kinetics, ion specificity, and sensitivity to drugs and toxins. The L- and T-types are present throughout the cardiovascular and central nervous systems and the N-, P-, Q-, & R-types are located in neuronal tissue.Sodium Channel Blockers: A class of drugs that act by inhibition of sodium influx through cell membranes. Blockade of sodium channels slows the rate and amplitude of initial rapid depolarization, reduces cell excitability, and reduces conduction velocity.Heart Ventricles: The lower right and left chambers of the heart. The right ventricle pumps venous BLOOD into the LUNGS and the left ventricle pumps oxygenated blood into the systemic arterial circulation.Morphine: The principal alkaloid in opium and the prototype opiate analgesic and narcotic. Morphine has widespread effects in the central nervous system and on smooth muscle.Orthopedic Procedures: Procedures used to treat and correct deformities, diseases, and injuries to the MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM, its articulations, and associated structures.Analgesics, Opioid: Compounds with activity like OPIATE ALKALOIDS, acting at OPIOID RECEPTORS. Properties include induction of ANALGESIA or NARCOSIS.Analgesia, Epidural: The relief of pain without loss of consciousness through the introduction of an analgesic agent into the epidural space of the vertebral canal. It is differentiated from ANESTHESIA, EPIDURAL which refers to the state of insensitivity to sensation.

The dose-response of caudal ropivacaine in children. (1/65)

BACKGROUND: Ropivacaine, a new local anesthetic, is less cardiotoxic in adults and is less likely to cause motor blockade than is bupivacaine. The authors evaluated the clinical effectiveness and hemodynamic effects of ropivacaine compared with bupivacaine and the pharmacokinetics of ropivacaine when given for caudal blocks in 56 children 4.1 +/- 1.2 yr old (mean +/- SD). METHODS: Patients scheduled for inguinal hernia repair were randomly given a caudal injection (0.75 ml/kg) of ropivacaine, 0.25% (R0.25 group); ropivacaine, 0.5% (R0.5 group); or bupivacaine, 0.25% (B0.25 group). Postoperative measurements included the duration of analgesia, which was our primary outcome variable, and hemodynamic and respiratory monitoring for 4 h in the recovery room. Thereafter, analgesic requirements for the following 24 h were assessed by an independent observer on the ward using an observational pain-discomfort scale, which gives a cumulative score from 5 to 15 to estimate the quality of analgesia by assessment of behavioral objective parameters. Plasma levels of ropivacaine were measured before the procedure was started and 5, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30, and 45 min and 1, 2, 4, 6, 8, and 24 h after caudal block. RESULTS: A significantly longer (P < 0.0001) duration of analgesia (median [range]) was observed in the R0.5 group (1,440 [335-1,440] min), whereas the R0.25 group (208 [175-340] min) and the B0.25 group (220 [100-390] min) were comparable. All groups showed a significant decrease in mean arterial blood pressure and heart rate from baseline values, but differences between groups were not observed. CONCLUSION: Ropivacaine is well tolerated and provides effective analgesia when given for caudal blockade in small children for inguinal hernia repair.  (+info)

Confirmation of caudal needle placement using nerve stimulation. (2/65)

BACKGROUND: The study was designed to examine a new method of confirming proper caudal needle placement using nerve stimulation. METHODS: Thirty-two pediatric patients were studied. A 22-gauge insulated needle was inserted into the caudal canal via the sacral notch until a "pop" was felt. The needle placement was classified as correct or incorrect depending upon the presence or absence of anal sphincter contraction (S2-S4) to electrical simulation (1 to 10 mA). RESULTS: Three patients were excluded, two because they inadvertently received neuromuscular blockers and one because the patient's anatomy precluded any attempt at a caudal block. The sensitivity and specificity of the test were both 100% in predicting clinical outcomes of the caudal block. Six patients had a negative stimulation test after the first attempt to place the needle. Four of these went on to receive a second attempt of needle insertion after a subcutaneous bulge or resistance to local anesthetic injection were observed. Following needle reinsertion, positive stimulation tests were elicited. These patients received the local anesthetic injection with ease and had good analgesia postoperatively. No attempt was made to reinsert the needle in the remaining two patients with a negative stimulation test, as they did not show subcutaneous bulge or resistance upon injection. These patients had poor analgesia postoperatively. The positive predictive value of the test was greater than the presence of a "pop" alone (P < 0.05) but not significantly different (P = 0.492) over the presence of "pop" and easy injection. CONCLUSION: This test may be used as a teaching and adjuvant tool in performing caudal block.  (+info)

Caudal block in children: ropivacaine compared with bupivacaine. (3/65)

BACKGROUND: Bupivacaine provides reliable, long-lasting anesthesia and analgesia when given via the caudal route. Ropivacaine is a newer, long-acting local anesthetic that (at a concentration providing similar pain relief) has less motor nerve blockade and may have less cardiotoxicity than bupivacaine. METHODS: In a double-blind trial, 81 healthy children, undergoing ambulatory surgical procedures, were randomly allocated to receive caudal analgesia with either bupivacaine or ropivacaine, 0.25%, 1 mVkg. All blocks were placed by an attending anesthesiologist or an anesthesia fellow after induction of general anesthesia. RESULTS: Data were available for 75 children. There were no significant differences between the two groups in baseline characteristics or in anesthesia, surgery, recovery room, or day surgery unit durations. The quality and duration of postoperative pain relief did not differ. Motor and sensory effects were similar. Time to first micturition did not differ. CONCLUSION: Ropivacaine (0.25%, 1 ml/kg) provided adequate postoperative analgesia with no difference from bupivacaine (0.25%, 1 ml/kg) in quality and duration of pain relief, motor and sensory effects, or time to first micturition in our study children.  (+info)

S(+)-ketamine for caudal block in paediatric anaesthesia. (4/65)

We have evaluated the intra- and postoperative analgesic efficacy of preservative-free S(+)-ketamine compared with bupivacaine for caudal block in paediatric hernia repair. After induction of general anaesthesia, 49 children undergoing hernia repair were given a caudal injection (0.75 ml kg-1) of S(+)-ketamine 0.5 mg kg-1 (group K1), S(+)-ketamine 1.0 mg kg-1 (group K2) or 0.25% bupivacaine with epinephrine 1:200,000 (group B). No additional analgesic drugs were required during operation in any of the groups. Haemodynamic and respiratory variables remained stable during the observation period. Mean duration of analgesia was significantly longer in groups B and K2 compared with group K1 (300 (SD 96) min and 273 (123) min vs 203 (117) min; P < 0.05). Groups B and K2 required less analgesics in the postoperative period compared with group K1 (30% and 33% vs 72%; P < 0.05). Postoperative sedation scores were comparable between the three groups. We conclude that S(+)-ketamine 1.0 mg kg-1 for caudal block in children produced surgical and postoperative analgesia equivalent to that of bupivacaine.  (+info)

Caudal clonidine for postoperative analgesia in adults. (5/65)

We have assessed the analgesic efficacy and side effects of caudally administered clonidine in a prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. We studied 64 adult patients undergoing elective haemorrhoidectomy. Caudal block was performed in all patients using a mixture of 0.5% bupivacaine 35 mg with 2% lidocaine 140 mg and epinephrine 5 micrograms ml-1. Patients were allocated randomly to one of two groups. Clonidine 75 micrograms was added in group C and saline 1 ml in group S. Median time to first analgesic requirements was significantly longer in group C (mean 729 (SD 120) min) than in group S (276 (131) min) (P = 0.01). Bradycardia occurred in seven patients in group C but did not affect mean arterial pressure.  (+info)

Fissurectomy as a treatment for anal fissures in children. (6/65)

INTRODUCTION: Anal fissures, characterised by painful defecation and rectal bleeding, are common in both children and infants. A significant proportion are resistant to simple laxative therapy, and no simple surgical treatment has been described which does not risk compromising sphincteric function. This study reports the initial experience of fissurectomy as a treatment of this condition. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Over a 36 month period, 37 children with an anal fissure were treated by fissurectomy. There were 14 boys and 23 girls, with an age range of 17 weeks to 12 years. Fissurectomy was performed under general anaesthetic, with additional caudal anaesthesia. Stay sutures were used to avoid the need for an anal retractor, thereby preventing stretching of the internal anal sphincter. Of the 37 operations, 36 (97%) were performed as day cases and all children were discharged on laxative therapy. RESULTS: At review, 6 weeks postoperatively, 30 (81%) were asymptomatic. Six (16%) patients were symptomatic; however, 4 of these had failed to comply with the postoperative laxative regimen. One patient failed follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: Fissurectomy is a successful treatment for anal fissures, when combined with postoperative laxative therapy. As dilatation of the internal anal sphincter is not involved, the risk of iatrogenic faecal incontinence is obviated.  (+info)

Ropivacaine pharmacokinetics after caudal block in 1-8 year old children. (7/65)

We studied the pharmacokinetics after caudal block of ropivacaine (2 mg ml-1, 1 ml kg-1) performed in 20 children aged 1-8 yr undergoing subumbilical surgery, in this open, non-comparative, multicentre study. Venous blood samples were collected up to 12-36 h. The mean (SD) peak plasma concentration, 0.47 (0.16) mg litre-1, was achieved after 12-249 min. The free fraction was 5% and the highest individual peak plasma concentration of free ropivacaine was 0.04 mg litre-1. Clearance was 7.4 (1.9) ml min-1 kg-1 and the terminal half-life 3.2 (0.8) h. Thus, the free plasma concentrations of ropivacaine were well below those associated with toxic symptoms in adults and the capacity to eliminate ropivacaine seems to be well developed in this age group. In this open study of 20 patients, ropivacaine was well tolerated and provided satisfactory postoperative pain relief without observable motor block.  (+info)

Newborn blood levels of lidocaine and mepivacaine in the first postnatal day following maternal epidural anesthesia. (8/65)

Distribution and elimination of lidocaine and mepivacaine were studies in 114 subjects after obstetric epidural anesthesia, Epinephrine significantly lowered the concentrations of lidocaine in the mothers' circulations by about 33 per cent, and the concentrations of mepivacaine by about 22 per cent. It also significantly altered their concentrations in the newborns' circulations at delivery and in the first 4 hours after birth. More mepivacaine than lidocaine crossed the placenta. The mepivacaine concentration in the cord blood was 36 to 47 per cent higher, and the mean fetal to maternal ratio for mepivacaine without epinephrine was 0.64, in contrast to 0.52 for the equivalent lidocaine group. Of importance was the long persistance of either drug in the newborns' circulation. Detectable levels of lidocaine and mepivacaine were present until 8 and 24 hours after birth, respectively. Pharmacokinetic models revealed that the long-term rate of disappearance of lidocaine was approximately three times as fast as that of mepivacaine. Computed half-times averaged 3 hours for lidocaine and 9 hours for mepivacaine.  (+info)

*Local anesthetic

Epidural anesthesia by a caudal approach had been known in the early 20th century, but a well-defined technique using lumbar ... epidural anesthesia combined with general anesthesia) Abdominal surgery (epidural anesthesia/spinal anesthesia, often combined ... Local anesthesia of body cavities includes intrapleural anesthesia and intra-articular anesthesia. Transincision (or transwound ... Typical operations performed under conduction anesthesia include: Dentistry (surface anesthesia, infiltration anesthesia or ...

*Louis A. Perrotta

... and caudal anesthesia is presently the most common and safest modality for anesthesia in pregnant women. Early recognition of ... Greenhill, J.P. (September 7, 1944). "Manual Dilatation of the Cervix Under Caudal Anesthesia". American Journal of Obstetrics ... by procaine spinal anesthesia)". The study demonstrated that neuraxial anesthesia could be safely used to alleviate the pain of ... While spinal anesthesia would go on to be indispensable in the world of obstetrics, manual cervical dilation would fall out of ...

*History of neuraxial anesthesia

"Continuous Caudal Anesthesia During Labor and Delivery". Anesthesia and Analgesia. 21: 301-11. doi:10.1213/00000539-194201000- ... to study the use of continuous caudal anesthesia for analgesia during childbirth. Hingson and Edwards studied the caudal region ... The first use of continuous caudal anesthesia in a laboring woman was on January 6, 1942, when the wife of a United States ... With the use of continuous caudal anesthesia, the woman and her baby survived. The first described placement of a lumbar ...

*Anesthesia

... epidural and caudal anesthesia). Topical anesthesia: local anesthetics that are specially formulated to diffuse through the ... Regional anesthesia and local anesthesia, which block transmission of nerve impulses between a targeted part of the body and ... Spinal anesthesia is a "one-shot" injection that provides rapid onset and profound sensory anesthesia with lower doses of ... General anesthesia (as opposed to sedation or regional anesthesia) has three main goals: lack of movement (paralysis), ...

*List of MeSH codes (E03)

... anesthesia, epidural MeSH E03.155.086.131.100 --- anesthesia, caudal MeSH E03.155.086.231 --- anesthesia, local MeSH E03.155. ... anesthesia, inhalation MeSH E03.155.197.197.280 --- anesthesia, closed-circuit MeSH E03.155.197.364 --- anesthesia, rectal MeSH ... E03.155.253 --- anesthesia, intratracheal MeSH E03.155.308 --- anesthesia, intravenous MeSH E03.155.364 --- anesthesia, ... anesthesia, dental MeSH E03.155.141.481 --- hypnosis, dental MeSH E03.155.197 --- anesthesia, general MeSH E03.155.197.197 --- ...

*Obstetric anesthesia (medical specialty)

... the caudal approach to epidural anesthesia in 1901; and Fidel Pages, the lumbar epidural approach in 1921. In 1921, the first ... regional anesthesia, transplant anesthesia and trauma anesthesia. Obstetric anesthesiologists typically serve as consultants to ... Obstetric anesthesia or obstetric anesthesiology, also known as ob-gyn anesthesia or ob-gyn anesthesiology is a sub-specialty ... Anesthesia for cesarean sections (C-sections) most commonly uses neuraxial (regional) anesthesia due to its better safety ...

*Hypospadias

... repair is done under general anesthesia, most often supplemented by a nerve block to the penis or a caudal block to ... reduce the general anesthesia needed, and to minimize discomfort after surgery. Many techniques have been used during the past ...

*Miller's Anesthesia

... caudal block in pediatric populations and anesthesia for robot-assisted surgery. New video segments were created for the ... 6th ed". Anesthesia & Analgesia. 101 (6): 1895. Retrieved 2 May 2015. Egan, Talmage. "Miller's Anesthesia, 6th Edition". ... Miller's Anesthesia Review Anesthetic Pharmacology: Physiologic Principles and Clinical Practice Miller's Anesthesia. W B ... One key book to read is Miller's Anesthesia. Miller, Lorraine M. Sdrales, Ronald D. (2013). Miller's anesthesia review (2nd ed ...

*Malpuech facial clefting syndrome

Another feature identified with Malpuech syndrome is a caudal appendage. A caudal appendage is a congenital outgrowth stemming ... Successful general anesthesia followed. A rare follow-up of a male with Malpuech syndrome was presented by Priolo et al. (2007 ... For regional anesthesia, methods like spinal blocking are more difficult where scoliosis is present. In a 2010 report by ... Methods like tracheal intubation for management of the airway during general anesthesia can be hampered by the even smaller, or ...

*Intraoperative neurophysiological monitoring

EEG measures taken during anesthesia exhibit stereotypic changes as anesthetic depth increases. These changes include complex ... or from spinal cord caudal to the surgery. This allows direct monitoring of motor tracts in the spinal cord. EEG ... The signals change according to various factors, including anesthesia, tissue temperature, surgical stage, and tissue stresses ... The exam has 200 multiple choice questions covering 6 areas: Anesthesia, Neuroscience, Instrumentation, Electro-physiology, ...

*Bupivacaine

It is the most commonly used local anesthetic in epidural anesthesia during labor, as well as in postoperative pain management ... Bupivacaine is indicated for local infiltration, peripheral nerve block, sympathetic nerve block, and epidural and caudal ... However, it is approved for use at term in obstetrical anesthesia. Bupivacaine is excreted in breast milk. Risks of ... The 0.75% formulation is contraindicated in epidural anesthesia during labor because of the association with refractory cardiac ...

*Vasoconstriction

Vasoconstrictors mixed with local anesthetics are used to increase the duration of local anesthesia by constricting the blood ... Michael P. Walsh; et all (August 2005). "Thromboxane A2-induced contraction of rat caudal arterial smooth muscle involves ... Yagiela JA (1995). "Vasoconstrictor agents for local anesthesia". Anesth Prog. 42 (3-4): 116-20. PMC 2148913 . PMID 8934977. ...

*Aldrete's scoring system

Activity (limb movement) will be affected by regional or caudal anaesthesia. Temperature, urine output, oral intake, blood ... the Combined Spinal Epidural Anesthesia and 1989 he established a well-known Pain Management Clinic in Florida. By 1999, he ... scoring system is a commonly used scale for determining when patients can be safely discharged from the post-anesthesia care ...

*Deep brain stimulation

Lead implantation may take place under local anesthesia or with the patient under general anesthesia ("asleep DBS") such as for ... Plaha P, Ben-Shlomo Y, Patel NK, Gill SS (July 2006). "Stimulation of the caudal zona incerta is superior to stimulation of the ... The installation of the IPG and extension leads occurs under general anesthesia. The right side of the brain is stimulated to ... During the awake procedure with local anesthesia, feedback from the patient is used to determine the optimal placement of the ...

*Horse colic

Structures that can be identified include the aorta, caudal pole of the left kidney, nephrosplenic ligament, caudal border of ... At times anesthesia and a rolling procedure, in which the horse is placed in left lateral recumbency and rolled to right ... Additionally, compression can place pressure on the caudal vena cava, leading to pooling of blood and hypovolemia. However, ... It may be performed standing or under general anesthesia, and is less invasive than an exploratory celiotomy (abdominal ...

*Lumbar vertebrae

The costiform is lateral, the mammillary is superior (cranial), and the accessory is inferior (caudal). The mammillary is ... "Virtual Spine - Online Learning Resource". Toronto Western Hospital Department of Anesthesia and Pain Management. Retrieved ...

*Epidural administration

There is less chances of hypotension after epidural anesthesia as compared to spinal anesthesia Epidural catheter can be ... The caudal approach to the epidural space involves the use of a Tuohy needle, an intravenous catheter, or a hypodermic needle ... Epidural anesthesia can be continued for longer duration during longer surgeries by either giving top ups of local anesthetics ... The caudal epidural technique is often used in infants and children undergoing surgery involving the groin, pelvis or lower ...

*Fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva

While under anesthesia, people with FOP may encounter difficulties with intubation, restrictive pulmonary disease, and changes ... Later the disease progresses in the ventral, appendicular, caudal and distal regions of the body. However, it does not ...

*Zona incerta

This is most strong when cholinergic input to the zona incerta is reduced as during slow-wave sleep and during anesthesia. The ... Plaha, P.; Khan, S.; Gill, S. (May 2008). "Bilateral stimulation of the caudal zona incerta nucleus for tremor control". ... of medium-sized multipolar or fusiform shaped cells that are more densely packed than the cells in the dorsal sector a caudal ...

*Vaginal atresia

The formation of the uterovaginal canal is thought to occur from the caudal to the cephalic portion, all while the urogenital ... therefore requiring no surgery or anesthesia. The procedure/technique can take months to complete, with regular compliance ... Females who have both Rokitansky-Mayer-Küster-Hauser syndrome and uterovaginal atresia are theorized to have a failing caudal ...

*Gongylonema pulchrum

The caudal end of the male was asymmetrically alate and bore 10 pairs of papillae and two phasmidal apertures." The average ... A small female Gongylonema worm was surgically removed from her cheek mucosa under local anesthesia, and follow up treatment ...

*Atlantic torpedo

The stout tail comprises about one-third of the total length, terminating in a caudal fin shaped like an equilateral triangle ... such as those involved in the functioning of anesthesia. Notarbartolo di Sciara, G., Serena, F., Ungaro, N., Ferretti, F., ... and a robust tail with a large triangular caudal fin. Distinctive characteristics include its uniform dark color, smooth-rimmed ...

*Norepinephrine

Alpha-2 agonists often have a sedating effect, and are commonly used as anesthesia-enhancers in surgery, as well as in ... Noradrenergic cell group A1 is located in the caudal ventrolateral part of the medulla, and plays a role in the control of body ...

*Posterior cingulate

The posterior cingulate cortex (PCC) is the caudal part of the cingulate cortex, located posterior to the anterior cingulate ... Latasch, L; Christ, R (March 1988). "[Problems in anesthesia of drug addicts]". Der Anaesthesist. 37 (3): 123-39. PMID 3289412 ... In a study involving autobiographical recollection, the caudal part of the left posterior cingulate cortex was the only brain ...

*List of diseases (C)

... glaucoma CATCH 22 syndrome Catecholamine hypertension Catel-Manzke syndrome Caudal appendage deafness Caudal duplication Caudal ... transport disease Coproporhyria Cor biloculare Cor pulmonale Cor triatriatum Cormier-Rustin-Munnich syndrome Corneal anesthesia ...
Caudal anesthesia was described at the turn of last century by two French physicians, Fernand Cathelin and Jean-Anthanase Sicard. The technique pre-dated the lumbar approach to epidural block by several years.1 Caudal anesthesia, however, did not gain in popularity immediately following its inception.
Combined Spinal and Caudal Epidural Anesthesia for Prolonged Surgical Procedures in Pediatric-Aged Patients: A Report of Two Cases
Combined Spinal and Caudal Epidural Anesthesia for Prolonged Surgical Procedures in Pediatric-Aged Patients: A Report of Two Cases
Comparing midazolam-bupivacaine and neostigmine-bupivacaine for caudal anesthesia among pediatric patients undergoing herniorrhaphy operations
Caudal anesthesia is the most common technique of epidural anesthesia in children. Caudal anesthesia is recommended for most surgical procedures of the lower part of the body, including herniorrhaphies; operations on the urinary tract, anus, and rectum; and orthopedic procedures on the pelvic girdle and lower extremities. Many anesthetic agents have been used for caudal anesthesia in pediatric patients, with lidocaine and Bupivacaine being most common. The major problems associated with this technique are the limited duration of analgesia and unwanted motor blockade.. Addition of medications that prolong analgesia after a single shot caudal block has been investigated. Several authors have mentioned a special interest in using an opioid like morphine in caudal block for postoperative analgesia. When low dose morphine is used, the side effects are lower than when higher dose of morphine are used. A larger and definitive study is needed to compare very low dose morphine via caudal administration ...
After receiving consent inform from parents, 40 children scheduled for orthopedic surgeries will be randomized to one of two groups: epidural group and intravenous group, both will receive 1 mg kg-1 S(+)-ketamine. All patients will receive caudal block anesthesia with marcaine. Cardiovascular monitoring will be assessed during operation. Follow up will continue for 24 hours after caudal block. Duration of analgesia, first time of analgesic request and complications will be recorded by an orthopedic assistant that is blinded to study. Data will be analyzed statistically by Chi square, t test and nonparametric tests ...
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Gibson PRJ, Johnston S, Lagopoulos J, Cummine JL.Transient loss of motor-evoked responses associated with caudal injection of morphine in a patient with spondylolisthesis undergoing spinal fusion. Pediatric Anesthesia 16: 568-572, No. 5, May 2006 - AustraliaGoogle Scholar ...
I have lower back pain, & tingling in my right leg like its asleep. I had a MRI and have a pinched nerve. My MD sent me to the PM clinic at the local hosp. I received two seperate injections in R-4, using fluoroscopy. For this procedure I needed to put on a gown, had an IV inserted and during the procedure they gave me oxygen.I did feel leg pain but nothing to complain about. The Dr. had warned me that when he hit the nerve I would feel an electric shock. After the 1st. injection I had total relief for about 1 wk. After the second, which was 2 wks. later, no relief at all. Two wks. later I had my first caudal block. What a simple procedure. I just laid face down on the table, they pulled my pants down and did the injection. There was some pain, but not much. The whole procedure took less than 5 min. I stayed in the rec. room for about 5 min. however afterward I felt not quite right for about 20 min. I had the second caudal block yesterday. Same 5 min. procedure but when I left the recovery room ...
BACKGROUND: The caudal block is the most commonly performed regional anesthesia technique in pediatric patients undergoing surgical procedures, but safety concerns raised by previous reports remain to be addressed. Our main objective in current investigation was to estimate the overall and specific incidence of complications associated with the performance of caudal block in children.. METHODS: This was an observational study using the Pediatric Regional Anesthesia Network database. A complication after a caudal block was defined by the presence of at least 1 of the following: block failure, vascular puncture, intravascular test dose, dural puncture, seizure, cardiac arrest, sacral pain, or neurologic symptoms. In addition, if a complication was also coded, the presence of temporary or permanent sequelae was evaluated. Additional exploratory analyses were performed to identify patterns of local anesthetic dosage.. RESULTS: Eighteen thousand six hundred-fifty children who received a caudal block ...
BACKGROUND: The caudal block is the most commonly performed regional anesthesia technique in pediatric patients undergoing surgical procedures, but safety concerns raised by previous reports remain to be addressed. Our main objective in current investigation was to estimate the overall and specific incidence of complications associated with the performance of caudal block in children.. METHODS: This was an observational study using the Pediatric Regional Anesthesia Network database. A complication after a caudal block was defined by the presence of at least 1 of the following: block failure, vascular puncture, intravascular test dose, dural puncture, seizure, cardiac arrest, sacral pain, or neurologic symptoms. In addition, if a complication was also coded, the presence of temporary or permanent sequelae was evaluated. Additional exploratory analyses were performed to identify patterns of local anesthetic dosage.. RESULTS: Eighteen thousand six hundred-fifty children who received a caudal block ...
Looking for online definition of continuous caudal analgesia in the Medical Dictionary? continuous caudal analgesia explanation free. What is continuous caudal analgesia? Meaning of continuous caudal analgesia medical term. What does continuous caudal analgesia mean?
Spinal, caudal, and epidural blocks were first used for surgical procedures at the turn of the twentieth century. These central blocks were widely used worldwide until reports of permanent neurological injury appeared, most prominently in the United Kingdom. However, a large-scale epidemiological study conducted in the 1950s indicated that complications were rare when these blocks were performed skillfully, with attention to asepsis, and when newer, safer local anesthetics were used. Today, neuraxial ...
Another month down and I am still in awe at home fast these little people learn....you quickly forget from baby 1 to baby 2. One big thing that happened since last month was he had surgery. We didnt post much about it because it involves what some would consider sensitive subject matter but as you know, we like to share our experience in hope of helping others going through the same thing. He had Hypospadias surgery which involved redirecting his urethra, which we discovered had a 90 degree curve and pointed downward instead of up. We traveled to St. Louis to have the surgery with specialist Dr. Palagiri at Mercy Childrens. The scariest part for me was the Caudal Block anesthesia, which is similar to an epidural. Well, we are a week and a half out from surgery and he is healing great! The first few days were rough and it involved dressing changes and soaks but by day 5, the dressing came off and he was practically back to his old self. We have to avoid any type of straddle toys until after our ...
Caudal analgesia is the most popular and commonly used regional block in paediatric surgery. It continues to offer a safe and effective intra and postoperative analgesia for many surgical procedures in the region of the umbilicus and below. The use of local anaesthetics in combination with opioids has been demonstrated to improve caudal analgesia in children but has also been associated with side effects such as nausea and vomiting, pruritus, urinary retention, and potentially life threatening respiratory depression. Clonidine, an alpha, agonist has been used effectively for the treatment of acute and chronic pain. It has been shown to provide analgesia of variable efficacy and duration and to potentiate postoperative analgesia when used in combination with local anaesthetics or opioids via extradural and intradural routes. Furthermore, it lacks side effects that are associated with the use of systemic and spinal opioids but does demonstrate adverse effects including sedation, hypotension, and ...
Treatment: it is imperative that the uterus is replaced correctly and full inverted to its normal position within the abdomen. The ewe will continue to strain, causing considerable distress, and suffering and re-prolapse if it is not replaced correctly. The best option is for a vet to replace the uterus, under extradural analgesia. The standard method is as follows: Infiltration of the vulva with 2% lignocaine solution affords some degree of analgesia in order to insert retention sutures but this technique is much inferior to caudal block. A Buhner suture of 5mm umbilical tape affords the best means of uterus retention. Antibiotics, either procaine penicillin or Oxytetracycline should be administered intramuscularly daily for 3 - 5 days after, in order to limit the bacterial infection of the traumatised tissues. NSAIDs to reduce pain should be given in correspondence to the ewes condition. Ewe milk yield will be reduced for a number of days after, lambs must be fed supplement. Unlike vaginal ...
Patients and methods: Thirty patients were enrolled in this study and randomly divided into two groups , Group A (n=15)received IVRA lidocaine 3 mg/kg 2% diluted with isotonic saline to 0.5% concentration, Group B (n=15) received lidocaine 3mg/kg 2% plus Ondansetron diluted with isotonic saline to 0.5% concentration ,hemodynamic variables and VAS were recorded before and after tourniquet inflation, tourniquet pain, post-operative pain and first analgesic requirement time till 6 hours postoperatively were recorded ...
Expertise in Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation of different medical conditions to include neurological and musculoskeletal problems. Conservative treatment of chronic pain. Expertise in spinal interventional procedures including epidural lumbar or caudal injections, facet joint injections/medial nerve branch blocks, trigger point injections, dry needle trigger point injections, sacroiliac joint injections, greater occipital nerve block and botulinum toxin injections; EMG and NCS. ...
The single most common block (40 percent) was a single-injection block in the pelvic area (caudal block) for procedures in the lower body (for example, hernia surgery). However, blocks of the peripheral nerves were common as well (35 percent), especially for surgery on the upper and lower limbs.. The large numbers of single-injection peripheral nerve blocks seemed related to increased use of ultrasound to guide local anesthetic injections. Ultrasound was used in more than 80 percent of upper-limb blocks and nearly 70 percent of lower-limb blocks.. As the use of regional anesthesia continues to increase, there is a lack of detailed and complete information on its safety in children. The best available studies, performed in Europe, are more than a decade old. Thus they may not reflect modern practice, including the use of ultrasound guidance.. Because complications of regional anesthesia are relatively uncommon, very large databases are needed to provide meaningful estimates of the true risks. ...
The single most common block (40 percent) was a single-injection block in the pelvic area (caudal block) for procedures in the lower body (for example, hernia surgery). However, blocks of the peripheral nerves were common as well (35 percent), especially for surgery on the upper and lower limbs.. The large numbers of single-injection peripheral nerve blocks seemed related to increased use of ultrasound to guide local anesthetic injections. Ultrasound was used in more than 80 percent of upper-limb blocks and nearly 70 percent of lower-limb blocks.. As the use of regional anesthesia continues to increase, there is a lack of detailed and complete information on its safety in children. The best available studies, performed in Europe, are more than a decade old. Thus they may not reflect modern practice, including the use of ultrasound guidance.. Because complications of regional anesthesia are relatively uncommon, very large databases are needed to provide meaningful estimates of the true risks. ...
I am so sorry you are suffering. I also have Harrington rods for scoliosis of 64/30 and was fused in 1975 at the age of 16. Everything seemed fine. I was told not to have children but what is life without them? I have 2 sons who were both fused at 16 and I am on them constantly about lifting or doing anything that will make problems. In 1992 I woke up feeling like I had stepped on a rock. I was a dialysis nurse and at the end of my sift I had pain radiating down from my hip and severe lower back pain. The first doc said nothing was wrong and told me to go back to work. So here I am in 2013 still with the pain. I had surgery, multiple PT, acupunture, facet joint injections, epiduals (to numerous to count),caudal blocks, ricci and anything else that was suggested. I went through all of the drugs starting with Tyleno #2 on up. I am now on methadone and lyrica but am still in pain. I now walk bent over and have a rotation to the left. I was told not to try to stand straight because I have no disc ...
Abstract of Paper: Comparative Study of Neostigmine and Ketamine as Additives to Plain Bupivacaine in Caudal Analgesia after Lower Abdominal Surgery in Pediatrics , Author: Omar Mohey Eldin A. El-Maksoud MD, Ehab El -Shebat Afifi MD, Ahmed Mostafa A. El-Hamid MD and Ahmed A. Mosaad M.Sc , Year: 2012 , Faculty of Medicine, Benha University
Levobupivacaine ((S)-1-butyl-N-(2,6-dimethylphenyl)-2-piperidinecarboxamide) is useful as an anesthetic, particularly in a patient who is disposed to adverse systemic side-effects, e.g., one who is CNS-compromised or predisposed to CNS side-effects. A unit dose of levobupivacaine comprising at least 75 mg to less than 200 mg of levobupivacaine is described herein.
2006-12-10 19:39:52 joshgrrr 5 stars HAHAHAHAHAHA didnt morph die? Well the X-Men initially thought he was dead, but as it turned out, he was abducted & manipulated by Mr. Sinister. He later broke free of Sinisters hold and took a hiatus to find himself ...
Leaders of a Ventura County-run HMO want the insurance plan to participate in the online marketplace being created through the federal health care overhaul.. Officials of the Ventura County Health Care Plan, which covers more than 20,000 people including county employees and people in the government program Healthy Families, will ask the Ventura County Board of Supervisors on Tuesday for approval to apply for a chance to offer coverage through the California Health Benefit Exchange.. ...
Beyaz, SG. "Comparison of postoperative analgesic efficacy of caudal block versus dorsal penile nerve block with levobupivacaine for circumcision in children.". Korean J Pain . vol. 24. 2011. pp. 31-5. Cyna, A, Middleton, P. "Caudal epidural block versus other methods of postoperative pain relief for circumcision in boys". Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2008. Holder, KJ, Peutrell, JM, Weir, PM. "Regional anaesthesia for circumcision: subcutaneous ring block of the penis and subpubic penile block compared.". Eur J Anaesthesiol . vol. 14. 1997. pp. 495-8. Sandeman, DJ, Reiner, D, Dilley, AV, Bennett, MH, Kelly, KJ. "A retrospective audit of three different regional anaesthetic techniques for circumcision in children". Anaesth Intensive Care . vol. 38. 2010. pp. 519-24. Weksler, N, Atias, I, Klevin, M, Rosenztsveig, V, Ovadia, L, Gurman, GM. "Is penile block better than caudal epidural block for postcircumcision analgesia?". J Anesth . vol. 19. 2005. pp. 36-9. (These articles all provide specific ...
Bupivicaine hydrochloride is a long-acting local anaesthetic. Its use results in local anaesthesia lasting between 12-24 hours. The drug has been extensively used in thoracic and abdominal surgery and as caudal analgesia in obstetrics. It has also been used in nerve blocks.
Martinsburg City Councilman Richard Yauger said Wednesday he hopes to return soon to council meetings after about a six-month hiatus due to an infection.Yauger, 79, said a bad case of cellulitis
Anyone who is stupid, rude, judgmental and all-out retarded enough to think that two sold weeks of staring at a person who doesnt even know youre there because theyre ASLEEP doesnt take a physical and emotional toll on ANYBODY needs to take a look at the giant beam in their eye before they go grabbing at the mote they think is in yours ...
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If you re constantly seeking, seeking, seeking and not finding, perhaps it is time to take a hiatus from your outer studies and turn to inner studies. - Desperately Seeking You - Living Simply at BellaOnline
The number of ambulatory surgical procedures is growing and local anesthesia represents the technique of choice for outpatients undergoing minor surgery. The aim of this study was to verify whether differences exist in postoperative pain relief using equipotent doses of two long-acting local anesthetics, ropivacaine and levobupivacaine, in patients who underwent minor breast surgery. A series of 86 consecutive women (median age=55, range=39-75 years) with small (,2 cm in size) breast masses requiring surgical excision were prospectively enrolled in the study. Patients were randomly selected to receive 75 mg/ml ropivacaine (group A, 42 patients) or 5 mg/ml levobupivacaine (group B, 44 patient). For post-surgical measurement of pain intensity a visual analog scale (VAS) was used. The age of the patients (56.4±9.6 vs. 56.7 ±9.5 years; p=0.88) and operative time (38.4 ± vs. 39.8 ±5.0 min; p=0.16), did not differ significantly between the groups (A vs. B). Transient adverse effects were observed ...
Using Chemical Structural Indicators for Periodic Classification of Local Anaesthetics: 10.4018/978-1-4666-4010-8.ch009: Algorithms for classification and taxonomy based on criteria as information entropy and its production are proposed. Some local anaesthetics, currently in
The report generally describes levobupivacaine hydrochloride, examines its uses, production methods, patents. Levobupivacaine hydrochloride market situation
Learn about Naropin (Ropivacaine Hcl) may treat, uses, dosage, side effects, drug interactions, warnings, patient labeling, reviews, and related medications.
I just didnt have anytime to update this blog due to graduation, my business, love life and I was away on Cambodia for quite some times!. ...
J Pediatr Urol, April 2015. Faasse MA, Lindgren BW, Frainey BT, Marcus CR, Szczodry DM, Glaser AP, Suresh S, Gong EM. Abstract INTRODUCTION: Regional anesthesia is often used in combination with general anesthesia for pediatric surgery, however, it is unknown if adjunctive regional blocks are beneficial to children undergoing urologic laparoscopic or robot-assisted laparoscopic (RAL) procedures.. OBJECTIVE: To compare perioperative outcomes in children with adjunctive caudal blocks, transversus abdominis plane (TAP) blocks, or no regional anesthesia for common RAL surgical procedures in pediatric urology.. STUDY DESIGN: Inclusion in this retrospective study was limited to children who underwent RAL renal or ureteral/bladder procedures and received a standardized regimen of scheduled intravenous ketorolac and oral acetaminophen for acute postoperative pain control, with opioids as needed (PRN). Perioperative outcomes were compared between patients with an adjunctive caudal block (n = 25), ...
Hi Soula,. Thank you so much for your kind response. If I remember you are not in the US . Either way I do understand the not wanting to talk. It seems most of my friends have disappeared. I know this is because people dont want to be reminded about or hear about bad news or pain. Kind of a shame when you need love and support, just like in a divorce, its not there.. I have a wonderful 2nd wife now 18 years and without her Id be gone. I use Facebook only to see some family pictures from Florida (my wifes family) Ive lived here in Delaware since December 2011 and have not had a block since. I already had 6 Pudendal Nerve blocks and this after so many other procedures: 5 Ganglion Blocks, 6 Caudal Blocks, 2 Botox injections, 2 Radio Frequency Ablations, 2 Neurostimulator Trials, an Interstim Impant, and then the 6 Pudendal Nerve blocks.. Endless research and finally putting the right two words together on Google, opened up the world of Pudendal Neuralgia (Neuropathy) to us. That was near the ...
A new metaanalysis comparing general and spinal/ epidural types of anaesthesia has found that surgery using epidurals is less likely to produce adverse effects, regardless of what the surgery is for
Its been close to 4 months since my last post, and my condition has somehow impacted what I want to do with this blog. 2 years back, Ive been diagnosed with a

Caudal Anesthesia - NYSORACaudal Anesthesia - NYSORA

The technique pre-dated the lumbar approach to epidural block by several years.1 Caudal anesthesia, however, did not gain in ... Caudal anesthesia was described at the turn of last century by two French physicians, Fernand Cathelin and Jean-Anthanase ... of ropivacaine for caudal anesthesia in patients undergoing anorectal surgery found that the MLAC for caudal anesthesia in ... who used it in obstetrical anesthesia. Caudal epidural anesthesia has many applications, including surgical anesthesia in ...
more infohttps://www.nysora.com/techniques/neuraxial-and-perineuraxial-techniques/caudal-anesthesia/

Caudal anesthesia definition | Drugs.comCaudal anesthesia definition | Drugs.com

Definition of caudal anesthesia. Provided by Stedmans medical dictionary and Drugs.com. Includes medical terms and definitions ... caudal anesthesia. Definition: regional anesthesia by injection of local anesthetic solution into the epidural space through ...
more infohttps://www.drugs.com/dict/caudal-anesthesia.html

General Anesthesia with Caudal Anesthesia | Childrens Hospital PittsburghGeneral Anesthesia with Caudal Anesthesia | Children's Hospital Pittsburgh

Caudal anesthesia is given to relieve pain below the waist. Learn more about this procedure. ... What Is Caudal Anesthesia?. Caudal anesthesia is given with general anesthesia to block pain in the legs, low back, belly and ... Fast Facts About General Anesthesia With Caudal Anesthesia. *Your childs surgery will be done under general anesthesia (an-es- ... General Anesthesia with Caudal Anesthesia. At Childrens Hospital of Pittsburgh of UPMC, we believe parents and guardians can ...
more infohttp://www.chp.edu/our-services/anesthesiology/patient-procedures/caudal-anesthesia

caudal anesthesia | Definition of caudal anesthesia by Websters Online Dictionarycaudal anesthesia | Definition of caudal anesthesia by Webster's Online Dictionary

... caudal anesthesia explanation. Define caudal anesthesia by Websters Dictionary, WordNet Lexical Database, Dictionary of ... Caudal. caudal anaesthesia. -- caudal anesthesia --. caudal appendage. caudal block. caudal fin. caudal vertebra. caudally. ... caudal anesthesia Noun. 1.. caudal anesthesia - regional anesthesia resulting from injection of an anesthetic into the caudal ... end of the spinal canal; now largely replaced by epidural anesthesia. Synonyms: caudal anaesthesia, caudal block ...
more infohttps://webster-dictionary.org/definition/caudal%20anesthesia

Caudal Anesthesia in Children | Anesthesiology | ASA PublicationsCaudal Anesthesia in Children | Anesthesiology | ASA Publications

Caudal Anesthesia in Children You will receive an email whenever this article is corrected, updated, or cited in the literature ... O. SCHULTE-STEINBERG, V. W. RAHLFS; Caudal Anesthesia in Children. Anesthesiology 1978;49(5):372. ...
more infohttps://anesthesiology.pubs.asahq.org/article.aspx?articleid=1959485

Continuous Caudal Anesthesia in Obstetrics | Anesthesiology | ASA PublicationsContinuous Caudal Anesthesia in Obstetrics | Anesthesiology | ASA Publications

Continuous Caudal Anesthesia in Obstetrics You will receive an email whenever this article is corrected, updated, or cited in ... Continuous Caudal Anesthesia in Obstetrics. Anesthesiology 11 1943, Vol.4, 658. doi: ... R N RUTHERFORD; Continuous Caudal Anesthesia in Obstetrics. Anesthesiology 1943;4(6):658. ...
more infohttp://anesthesiology.pubs.asahq.org/article.aspx?articleid=1973162

procedure-kit-trays-anesthesia-caudalprocedure-kit-trays-anesthesia-caudal

Procedure Kit/Trays, Anesthesia, Caudal. Definition : Prepackaged collections of the devices and supplies (i.e., either custom ... Caudal anesthesia procedure kits and trays are intended for use in the block of sacral and lower lumbar nerve roots during ... or standard kits) needed for providing a local anesthetic solution into the caudal portion of the epidural space, usually ... Entry Terms : "Anesthesia Kits, Caudal" , "Caudal Anesthesia Procedure Kit/Trays". UMDC code : 10126 ...
more infohttp://productguide.optometricmanagement.com/term/31/procedure-kit-trays-anesthesia-caudal

Caudal anesthesia: AnatomyCaudal anesthesia: Anatomy

... Definition. General. Caudal epidural block involves injection of medication through the sacral ... New York School of Regional Anesthesia, Caudal Anesthesia. Accessed 02/03/15. ... Home / ABA Keyword Categories / Anatomy / Caudal anesthesia: Anatomy. ... Landmarks of the sacral hiatus for caudal epidural block: an anatomical study. Br. J. Anaesth. 2005;95:692-695. ...
more infohttps://www.openanesthesia.org/caudal-anesthesia-anatomy/

Postoperative Analgesia by Epidural vs IV Ketamine Concurrent With Caudal Anesthesia in Pediatric Orthopedic Surgery - Full...Postoperative Analgesia by Epidural vs IV Ketamine Concurrent With Caudal Anesthesia in Pediatric Orthopedic Surgery - Full...

Postoperative Analgesia by Epidural vs IV Ketamine Concurrent With Caudal Anesthesia in Pediatric Orthopedic Surgery. The ... epidural s(+)-ketamine for supplementation of caudal anesthesia. Drug: S(+)-ketamine epidural or intravenous 1 mg kg-1 once ... intravenous ketamine for supplementation of caudal anesthesia. Drug: S(+)-ketamine epidural or intravenous 1 mg kg-1 once ... All patients will receive caudal block anesthesia with marcaine. Cardiovascular monitoring will be assessed during operation. ...
more infohttps://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT00532662?recr=Open&cond=%22Pain+Management%22&rank=11

Anesthesia, caudal epidural. Causes, symptoms, treatment Anesthesia, caudal epiduralAnesthesia, caudal epidural. Causes, symptoms, treatment Anesthesia, caudal epidural

Treatment Anesthesia, caudal epidural. Symptoms and causes Anesthesia, caudal epidural Prophylaxis Anesthesia, caudal epidural ... ANESTHESIA. Section 3 Anesthesia Management Part C Anesthesia Techniques Chapter 42 Spinal, Epidural, and Caudal Anesthesia* ... It may be the sole anesthetic or combined with general anesthesia. Also called caudal epidural anesthesia or a caudal block. ... For More Information «Anesthesia, caudal epidural». *. Caudal Epidural Anaesthesia (page 1) - Homepage - University .... Caudal ...
more infohttp://drugster.info/medic/term/anesthesia-caudal-epidural/

Ross, A.K., Eck, J.B. and Tobias, J.D. (2000) Pediatric regional anesthesia Beyond the caudal. Anesthesia & Analgesia, 91, 16...Ross, A.K., Eck, J.B. and Tobias, J.D. (2000) Pediatric regional anesthesia Beyond the caudal. Anesthesia & Analgesia, 91, 16...

Pediatric regional anesthesia Beyond the caudal. Anesthesia & Analgesia, 91, 16-26. ... Ross, A.K., Eck, J.B. and Tobias, J.D. (2000) Pediatric regional anesthesia: Beyond the caudal. Anesthesia & Analgesia, 91, 16- ... Prospective, Randomized Comparisons of Induction of Anesthesia with Ketamine, Propofol and Sevoflurane for Quality of Recovery ... The Change in Pulse Rate and Behavioral Score by Using Video Assisted Induction of Pediatric Anesthesia ...
more infohttp://www.scirp.org/reference/ReferencesPapers.aspx?ReferenceID=397061

Association of Different Doses of Clonidine in Caudal Epidural Anesthesia for Hypospadias Surgery - No Study Results Posted -...Association of Different Doses of Clonidine in Caudal Epidural Anesthesia for Hypospadias Surgery - No Study Results Posted -...

Association of Different Doses of Clonidine in Caudal Epidural Anesthesia for Hypospadias Surgery (clonidine). The safety and ... Mauch J, Weiss M. [Pediatric caudal anesthesia: importance and aspects of safety concerns]. Schmerz. 2012 Aug;26(4):443-53; ... Caudal bupivacaine supplemented with morphine or clonidine, or supplemented with morphine plus clonidine in children undergoing ...
more infohttps://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/results/NCT02769390

Caudal Anesthesia | Anesthesia Medical billing Guidelines and procedure codes. Coding tipsCaudal Anesthesia | Anesthesia Medical billing Guidelines and procedure codes. Coding tips

What Is Caudal Anesthesia?. The word anesthesia refers to the loss of sensation, while caudal usually pertains to the end or ... Generally, patients wont be able to feel or move their legs once the anesthesia starts working.. The use of caudal anesthesia ... Caudal anesthesia is commonly done in children. It is often done as a supplement to a general anesthesia, the administration of ... Caudal anesthesia is generally the loss of sensation from the waist down to the legs. This is due to the administration or ...
more infohttp://www.anesthesiabilling.org/2010/06/caudal-anesthesia.html

Comparing midazolam-bupivacaine and neostigmine-bupivacaine for caudal anesthesia among pediatric patients undergoing...Comparing midazolam-bupivacaine and neostigmine-bupivacaine for caudal anesthesia among pediatric patients undergoing...

Comparing midazolam-bupivacaine and neostigmine-bupivacaine for caudal anesthesia among pediatric patients undergoing ... bupivacaine mixture with plain bupivacaine for caudal anesthesia in children . Pediatric Anesthesia, 2003 Feb; 13(2):126-31 ... Anesthesia & Analgesia, 2004; 98: 1512-1520.. Mahajan R, Batra YK , Grover VK , Kajal J : A comparative study of caudal ... After general anesthesia induction with inhaled sevoflurane, a caudal block was performed. Patients were randomly allocated to ...
more infohttp://journals.sbmu.ac.ir/irjps/article/view/14673

Reply to comments on The association between caudal anesthesia and increased risk of postoperative surgical complications in...Reply to comments on 'The association between caudal anesthesia and increased risk of postoperative surgical complications in...

Reply to comments on The association between caudal anesthesia and increased risk of postoperative surgical complications in ... "Reply to comments on The association between caudal anesthesia and increased risk of postoperative surgical complications in ...
more infohttps://surgery.duke.edu/node/41921

Trauma Monthly - Addition of Clonidine in Caudal Anesthesia in Children Increases Duration of Post-Operative AnalgesiaTrauma Monthly - Addition of Clonidine in Caudal Anesthesia in Children Increases Duration of Post-Operative Analgesia

Addition of Clonidine in Caudal Anesthesia in Children Increases Duration of Post-Operative Analgesia Marzieh Lak 1 , * , Hasan ... Please cite this paper as Lak M, Araghizadeh H, Shayeghi Sh, Khatibi B, Addition of Clonidine in Caudal Anesthesia in Children ... To Cite: Lak M, Araghizadeh H, Shayeghi S, Khatibi B. Addition of Clonidine in Caudal Anesthesia in Children Increases Duration ... In a survey on members of the British Pediatric Anesthesia Society, 58% stated that they have used additives in caudal block in ...
more infohttp://traumamon.com/en/articles/56762.html

Caudal Anesthesia | Hadzics Textbook of Regional Anesthesia and Acute Pain Management, 2e | AccessAnesthesiology | McGraw-Hill...Caudal Anesthesia | Hadzic's Textbook of Regional Anesthesia and Acute Pain Management, 2e | AccessAnesthesiology | McGraw-Hill...

"Caudal Anesthesia." Hadzics Textbook of Regional Anesthesia and Acute Pain Management, 2e Hadzic A. Hadzic A Ed. Admir Hadzic. ... who used it in obstetrical anesthesia. Caudal epidural anesthesia has many applications, including surgical anesthesia in ... Caudal Anesthesia. In: Hadzic A. Hadzic A Ed. Admir Hadzic.eds. Hadzics Textbook of Regional Anesthesia and Acute Pain ... 1 Caudal anesthesia, however, did not gain in popularity immediately following its inception. One of the major reasons caudal ...
more infohttps://accessanesthesiology.mhmedical.com/content.aspx?bookid=2070§ionid=157601258

Comparative Stud‌y between Intrathecal and Caudal Epidural Anesthesia in Children for Lower Abdominal SurgeryComparative Stud‌y between Intrathecal and Caudal Epidural Anesthesia in Children for Lower Abdominal Surgery

Objective: to compare caudal and spinal anaesthesia in paediatrics regarding haemodynamics, efficacy (sensory block ... on the other hand the caudal epidural had the advantage of longer post-operative analgesic effect and lower post-operative ... where the study was designed to compare between the effectiveness of spinal anaesthesia with bupivacaine 0.3mg/kg and caudal ... patients in each group were randomly assigned to receive spinal or caudal epidural anaesthesia. Results: the demographic data ...
more infohttp://ejhm.journals.ekb.eg/article_21813.html

Are caudal blocks for pain control safe in children? an analysis of 18,650 caudal blocks from the Pediatric Regional Anesthesia...Are caudal blocks for pain control safe in children? an analysis of 18,650 caudal blocks from the Pediatric Regional Anesthesia...

Are caudal blocks for pain control safe in children? an analysis of 18,650 caudal blocks from the Pediatric Regional Anesthesia ... BACKGROUND: The caudal block is the most commonly performed regional anesthesia technique in pediatric patients undergoing ... Research InnovationPublications Are caudal blocks for pain control safe in children? an analysis of 18,650 caudal blocks from ... A complication after a caudal block was defined by the presence of at least 1 of the following: block failure, vascular ...
more infohttps://www.luriechildrens.org/en/research/publications/are-caudal-blocks-for-pain-control-safe-in-children-an-analysis-of-18650-caudal-blocks-from-the-pediatric-regional-anesthesia-network-pran-database/

Combined Spinal and Caudal Epidural Anesthesia for Prolonged Surgical Procedures in Pediatric-Aged Patients: A Report of Two...Combined Spinal and Caudal Epidural Anesthesia for Prolonged Surgical Procedures in Pediatric-Aged Patients: A Report of Two...

Combined Spinal and Caudal Epidural Anesthesia for Prolonged Surgical Procedures in Pediatric-Aged Patients: A Report of Two ... Furthermore, the surgical anesthesia provided by the initial SA provides effective anesthesia for placement of the caudal ... Although the use of continuous SA, continuous caudal anesthesia, and SA combined with epidural anesthesia have been previously ... Informed consent was obtained for combined spinal anesthesia and caudal epidural anesthesia with sedation. The patients vital ...
more infohttp://www.journalmc.org/index.php/JMC/article/view/2994/2324

Combined Spinal and Caudal Epidural Anesthesia for Prolonged Surgical Procedures in Pediatric-Aged Patients: A Report of Two...Combined Spinal and Caudal Epidural Anesthesia for Prolonged Surgical Procedures in Pediatric-Aged Patients: A Report of Two...

Combined Spinal and Caudal Epidural Anesthesia for Prolonged Surgical Procedures in Pediatric-Aged Patients: A Report of Two ...
more infohttp://www.journalmc.org/index.php/JMC/article/view/2994/2325

Regional Anesthesia Techniques Archives - NYSORARegional Anesthesia Techniques Archives - NYSORA

Caudal Anesthesia. Features anatomical considerations, indications, technique description and complications of caudal ... Mechanisms and Management of Failed Spinal Anesthesia. Highlights the potential mechanisms by which spinal anesthesia may fail ... Oral & Maxillofacial Regional Anesthesia. Highlights the most common peripheral blocks for oral and maxillofacial surgery; ... The wrist block is an effective method to provide anesthesia of the hand and fingers without the arm immobility that occurs ...
more infohttps://www.nysora.com/techniques/

January-February 1949 - Volume 28 - Issue 1 : Anesthesia & AnalgesiaJanuary-February 1949 - Volume 28 - Issue 1 : Anesthesia & Analgesia

Neurosurgical Anesthesia; Obstetric Anesthesia; Pain Mechanisms; Pain Medicine; Pediatric Anesthesia; Regional Anesthesia; ... Ambulatory Anesthesia; Anesthetic Pharmacology; Cardiovascular Anesthesia; Critical Care and Trauma; Economics, Education, and ... Backed by internationally-known authorities who serve on the Editorial Board and as Section Editors, Anesthesia &Analgesia is ... No other journal can match Anesthesia & Analgesia for its original and significant contributions to the anesthesiology field. ...
more infohttps://journals.lww.com/anesthesia-analgesia/Pages/toc.aspx?year=1949&issue=01000

Ectodermal dysplasia protein | definition of Ectodermal dysplasia protein by Medical dictionaryEctodermal dysplasia protein | definition of Ectodermal dysplasia protein by Medical dictionary

neural anesthesia. Block anesthesia.. neuraxial anesthesia. Caudal, epidural, or spinal anesthesia. open anesthesia. ... bulbar anesthesia. Anesthesia produced by a lesion of the pons. caudal anesthesia. Anesthesia produced by insertion of a needle ... conduction anesthesia. Block anesthesia. crossed anesthesia. Anesthesia of the side opposite to the site of a central nervous ... See: block anesthesia; infiltration anesthesia. mixed anesthesia. General anesthesia produced by more than one drug, such as ...
more infohttp://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/Ectodermal+dysplasia+protein

Ectodysplasin A, ectodermal dysplasia 1, anhidrotic | definition of ectodysplasin A, ectodermal dysplasia 1, anhidrotic by...Ectodysplasin A, ectodermal dysplasia 1, anhidrotic | definition of ectodysplasin A, ectodermal dysplasia 1, anhidrotic by...

neural anesthesia. Block anesthesia.. neuraxial anesthesia. Caudal, epidural, or spinal anesthesia. open anesthesia. ... bulbar anesthesia. Anesthesia produced by a lesion of the pons. caudal anesthesia. Anesthesia produced by insertion of a needle ... conduction anesthesia. Block anesthesia. crossed anesthesia. Anesthesia of the side opposite to the site of a central nervous ... See: block anesthesia; infiltration anesthesia. mixed anesthesia. General anesthesia produced by more than one drug, such as ...
more infohttps://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/ectodysplasin+A%2C+ectodermal+dysplasia+1%2C+anhidrotic
  • One of the major reasons caudal anesthesia was not embraced is the wide anatomical variations of sacral bones and the consequent failure rate associated with attempts to locate the sacral hiatus. (nysora.com)
  • Unfortunately, clinical indications and especially therapeutic interventions for the relief of chronic pain in individuals with failed back surgery syndrome are often most prevalent in patients with difficult caudal landmarks. (nysora.com)
  • The second resurgence in popularity of caudal anesthesia has paralleled the increasing need to find safe alternatives to conventional lumbar epidural block in selected patient populations, such as individuals with failed back surgery syndrome. (nysora.com)
  • The technique of caudal epidural block in pain management has been greatly enhanced by the use of fluoroscopic guidance and epidurography, in which high success rates can be attained. (nysora.com)
  • Under these circumstances, it is recommended that fluoroscopically guided caudal epidural block be performed in lieu of the traditional palpation approach. (nysora.com)
  • Your child's surgery will be done under general anesthesia ( an-es-THEEZ-ya ), which means that he or she will be sound asleep during the surgery. (chp.edu)
  • A caudal allows the anesthesiologist to give a smaller amount of general anesthesia during the surgery, and also provides up to 4 hours of pain relief in that area after the surgery. (chp.edu)
  • Once your child has been registered for the surgery, a member of the anesthesia staff will meet with you to take your child's vital signs, weight and medical history. (chp.edu)
  • On August 16, 1898, German surgeon August Bier (1861-1949) performed surgery under spinal anesthesia in Kiel. (wikipedia.org)
  • Heart rate, mean arterial pressure, and oxygen saturation were recorded before induction and every five minutes after caudal anesthesia up to 30 minutes. (ac.ir)
  • Induction and maintenance of anesthesia were achieved using sodium thiopenthal, halothane and nitrous oxide. (traumamon.com)
  • Describes the anatomy of the lateral femoral cutaneous nerve and interventional techniques for anesthesia and pain management. (nysora.com)
  • 11Cousins MJ, Bridenbaugh PO (eds): Neural Blockade in Clinical Anesthesia and Management of Pain, 3rd ed. (ac.ir)
  • Although Bier properly deserves credit for the introduction of spinal anesthesia into the clinical practice of medicine, it was Corning who created the experimental conditions that ultimately led to the development of both spinal and epidural anesthesia. (wikipedia.org)