Methods of PAIN relief that may be used with or in place of ANALGESICS.
The relief of pain without loss of consciousness through the introduction of an analgesic agent into the epidural space of the vertebral canal. It is differentiated from ANESTHESIA, EPIDURAL which refers to the state of insensitivity to sensation.
Procedure in which patients are induced into an unconscious state through use of various medications so that they do not feel pain during surgery.
The elimination of PAIN, without the loss of CONSCIOUSNESS, during OBSTETRIC LABOR; OBSTETRIC DELIVERY; or the POSTPARTUM PERIOD, usually through the administration of ANALGESICS.
A state characterized by loss of feeling or sensation. This depression of nerve function is usually the result of pharmacologic action and is induced to allow performance of surgery or other painful procedures.
A blocking of nerve conduction to a specific area by an injection of an anesthetic agent.
Procedure in which an anesthetic is injected into the epidural space.
Procedure in which an anesthetic is injected directly into the spinal cord.
Relief of PAIN, without loss of CONSCIOUSNESS, through ANALGESIC AGENTS administered by the patients. It has been used successfully to control POSTOPERATIVE PAIN, during OBSTETRIC LABOR, after BURNS, and in TERMINAL CARE. The choice of agent, dose, and lockout interval greatly influence effectiveness. The potential for overdose can be minimized by combining small bolus doses with a mandatory interval between successive doses (lockout interval).
Injection of an anesthetic into the nerves to inhibit nerve transmission in a specific part of the body.
Anesthesia caused by the breathing of anesthetic gases or vapors or by insufflating anesthetic gases or vapors into the respiratory tract.
Process of administering an anesthetic through injection directly into the bloodstream.
A variety of anesthetic methods such as EPIDURAL ANESTHESIA used to control the pain of childbirth.
Compounds with activity like OPIATE ALKALOIDS, acting at OPIOID RECEPTORS. Properties include induction of ANALGESIA or NARCOSIS.
Pain during the period after surgery.
Drugs that block nerve conduction when applied locally to nerve tissue in appropriate concentrations. They act on any part of the nervous system and on every type of nerve fiber. In contact with a nerve trunk, these anesthetics can cause both sensory and motor paralysis in the innervated area. Their action is completely reversible. (From Gilman AG, et. al., Goodman and Gilman's The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics, 8th ed) Nearly all local anesthetics act by reducing the tendency of voltage-dependent sodium channels to activate.
A widely used local anesthetic agent.
The period of emergence from general anesthesia, where different elements of consciousness return at different rates.
A potent narcotic analgesic, abuse of which leads to habituation or addiction. It is primarily a mu-opioid agonist. Fentanyl is also used as an adjunct to general anesthetics, and as an anesthetic for induction and maintenance. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1078)
A range of methods used to reduce pain and anxiety during dental procedures.
Scales, questionnaires, tests, and other methods used to assess pain severity and duration in patients or experimental animals to aid in diagnosis, therapy, and physiological studies.
The principal alkaloid in opium and the prototype opiate analgesic and narcotic. Morphine has widespread effects in the central nervous system and on smooth muscle.
Agents that are administered in association with anesthetics to increase effectiveness, improve delivery, or decrease required dosage.
Interruption of NEURAL CONDUCTION in peripheral nerves or nerve trunks by the injection of a local anesthetic agent (e.g., LIDOCAINE; PHENOL; BOTULINUM TOXINS) to manage or treat pain.
Ultrashort-acting anesthetics that are used for induction. Loss of consciousness is rapid and induction is pleasant, but there is no muscle relaxation and reflexes frequently are not reduced adequately. Repeated administration results in accumulation and prolongs the recovery time. Since these agents have little if any analgesic activity, they are seldom used alone except in brief minor procedures. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual, 1994, p174)
Gases or volatile liquids that vary in the rate at which they induce anesthesia; potency; the degree of circulation, respiratory, or neuromuscular depression they produce; and analgesic effects. Inhalation anesthetics have advantages over intravenous agents in that the depth of anesthesia can be changed rapidly by altering the inhaled concentration. Because of their rapid elimination, any postoperative respiratory depression is of relatively short duration. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual, 1994, p173)
The use of two or more chemicals simultaneously or sequentially to induce anesthesia. The drugs need not be in the same dosage form.
An intravenous anesthetic agent which has the advantage of a very rapid onset after infusion or bolus injection plus a very short recovery period of a couple of minutes. (From Smith and Reynard, Textbook of Pharmacology, 1992, 1st ed, p206). Propofol has been used as ANTICONVULSANTS and ANTIEMETICS.
Analgesia produced by the insertion of ACUPUNCTURE needles at certain ACUPUNCTURE POINTS on the body. This activates small myelinated nerve fibers in the muscle which transmit impulses to the spinal cord and then activate three centers - the spinal cord, midbrain and pituitary/hypothalamus - to produce analgesia.
Compounds capable of relieving pain without the loss of CONSCIOUSNESS.
A local anesthetic and cardiac depressant used as an antiarrhythmia agent. Its actions are more intense and its effects more prolonged than those of PROCAINE but its duration of action is shorter than that of BUPIVACAINE or PRILOCAINE.
Nitrogen oxide (N2O). A colorless, odorless gas that is used as an anesthetic and analgesic. High concentrations cause a narcotic effect and may replace oxygen, causing death by asphyxia. It is also used as a food aerosol in the preparation of whipping cream.
An opioid analgesic that is used as an adjunct in anesthesia, in balanced anesthesia, and as a primary anesthetic agent.
A group of compounds that contain the general formula R-OCH3.
A specialty concerned with the study of anesthetics and anesthesia.
A stable, non-explosive inhalation anesthetic, relatively free from significant side effects.
A narcotic analgesic that can be used for the relief of most types of moderate to severe pain, including postoperative pain and the pain of labor. Prolonged use may lead to dependence of the morphine type; withdrawal symptoms appear more rapidly than with morphine and are of shorter duration.
An unpleasant sensation induced by noxious stimuli which are detected by NERVE ENDINGS of NOCICEPTIVE NEURONS.
A cyclohexanone derivative used for induction of anesthesia. Its mechanism of action is not well understood, but ketamine can block NMDA receptors (RECEPTORS, N-METHYL-D-ASPARTATE) and may interact with sigma receptors.
Epidural anesthesia administered via the sacral canal.
Agents that are capable of inducing a total or partial loss of sensation, especially tactile sensation and pain. They may act to induce general ANESTHESIA, in which an unconscious state is achieved, or may act locally to induce numbness or lack of sensation at a targeted site.
The constant checking on the state or condition of a patient during the course of a surgical operation (e.g., checking of vital signs).
Pain associated with OBSTETRIC LABOR in CHILDBIRTH. It is caused primarily by UTERINE CONTRACTION as well as pressure on the CERVIX; BLADDER; and the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT. Labor pain mostly occurs in the ABDOMEN; the GROIN; and the BACK.
A drug-induced depression of consciousness during which patients respond purposefully to verbal commands, either alone or accompanied by light tactile stimulation. No interventions are required to maintain a patent airway. (From: American Society of Anesthesiologists Practice Guidelines)
Extraction of the FETUS by means of abdominal HYSTEROTOMY.
Introduction of therapeutic agents into the spinal region using a needle and syringe.
Surgery performed on an outpatient basis. It may be hospital-based or performed in an office or surgicenter.
A method of studying a drug or procedure in which both the subjects and investigators are kept unaware of who is actually getting which specific treatment.
A nonflammable, halogenated, hydrocarbon anesthetic that provides relatively rapid induction with little or no excitement. Analgesia may not be adequate. NITROUS OXIDE is often given concomitantly. Because halothane may not produce sufficient muscle relaxation, supplemental neuromuscular blocking agents may be required. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual, 1994, p178)
Emesis and queasiness occurring after anesthesia.
Drugs administered before an anesthetic to decrease a patient's anxiety and control the effects of that anesthetic.
Organic compounds containing the -CO-NH2 radical. Amides are derived from acids by replacement of -OH by -NH2 or from ammonia by the replacement of H by an acyl group. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
Medical methods of either relieving pain caused by a particular condition or removing the sensation of pain during a surgery or other medical procedure.
The repetitive uterine contraction during childbirth which is associated with the progressive dilation of the uterine cervix (CERVIX UTERI). Successful labor results in the expulsion of the FETUS and PLACENTA. Obstetric labor can be spontaneous or induced (LABOR, INDUCED).
Intravenous anesthetics that induce a state of sedation, immobility, amnesia, and marked analgesia. Subjects may experience a strong feeling of dissociation from the environment. The condition produced is similar to NEUROLEPTANALGESIA, but is brought about by the administration of a single drug. (From Gilman et al., Goodman and Gilman's The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics, 8th ed)
A narcotic analgesic proposed for severe pain. It may be habituating.
Drugs used to induce drowsiness or sleep or to reduce psychological excitement or anxiety.
A short-acting opioid anesthetic and analgesic derivative of FENTANYL. It produces an early peak analgesic effect and fast recovery of consciousness. Alfentanil is effective as an anesthetic during surgery, for supplementation of analgesia during surgical procedures, and as an analgesic for critically ill patients.
Inhalation anesthesia where the gases exhaled by the patient are rebreathed as some carbon dioxide is simultaneously removed and anesthetic gas and oxygen are added so that no anesthetic escapes into the room. Closed-circuit anesthesia is used especially with explosive anesthetics to prevent fires where electrical sparking from instruments is possible.
A local anesthetic that is chemically related to BUPIVACAINE but pharmacologically related to LIDOCAINE. It is indicated for infiltration, nerve block, and epidural anesthesia. Mepivacaine is effective topically only in large doses and therefore should not be used by this route. (From AMA Drug Evaluations, 1994, p168)
Agents that induce various degrees of analgesia; depression of consciousness, circulation, and respiration; relaxation of skeletal muscle; reduction of reflex activity; and amnesia. There are two types of general anesthetics, inhalation and intravenous. With either type, the arterial concentration of drug required to induce anesthesia varies with the condition of the patient, the desired depth of anesthesia, and the concomitant use of other drugs. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual, 1994, p.173)
A barbiturate that is administered intravenously for the induction of general anesthesia or for the production of complete anesthesia of short duration.
A subclass of analgesic agents that typically do not bind to OPIOID RECEPTORS and are not addictive. Many non-narcotic analgesics are offered as NONPRESCRIPTION DRUGS.
A local anesthetic that is similar pharmacologically to LIDOCAINE. Currently, it is used most often for infiltration anesthesia in dentistry.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
Hospital department responsible for the administration of functions and activities pertaining to the delivery of anesthetics.
An adrenergic alpha-2 agonist used as a sedative, analgesic and centrally acting muscle relaxant in VETERINARY MEDICINE.
A short-acting barbiturate that is effective as a sedative and hypnotic (but not as an anti-anxiety) agent and is usually given orally. It is prescribed more frequently for sleep induction than for sedation but, like similar agents, may lose its effectiveness by the second week of continued administration. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual, 1994, p236)
A specific opiate antagonist that has no agonist activity. It is a competitive antagonist at mu, delta, and kappa opioid receptors.
An extremely stable inhalation anesthetic that allows rapid adjustments of anesthesia depth with little change in pulse or respiratory rate.
A procedure involving placement of a tube into the trachea through the mouth or nose in order to provide a patient with oxygen and anesthesia.
The period during a surgical operation.
Amount of stimulation required before the sensation of pain is experienced.
Complications that affect patients during surgery. They may or may not be associated with the disease for which the surgery is done, or within the same surgical procedure.
A pyrrolizine carboxylic acid derivative structurally related to INDOMETHACIN. It is an NSAID and is used principally for its analgesic activity. (From Martindale The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 31st ed)
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
A family of hexahydropyridines.
An imidazoline sympatholytic agent that stimulates ALPHA-2 ADRENERGIC RECEPTORS and central IMIDAZOLINE RECEPTORS. It is commonly used in the management of HYPERTENSION.
A nerve originating in the lumbar spinal cord (usually L2 to L4) and traveling through the lumbar plexus to provide motor innervation to extensors of the thigh and sensory innervation to parts of the thigh, lower leg, and foot, and to the hip and knee joints.
Injection of ANALGESICS; LOCAL ANESTHETICS; or NARCOTICS into the PLEURAL CAVITY between the two pleural membranes.
A short-acting hypnotic-sedative drug with anxiolytic and amnestic properties. It is used in dentistry, cardiac surgery, endoscopic procedures, as preanesthetic medication, and as an adjunct to local anesthesia. The short duration and cardiorespiratory stability makes it useful in poor-risk, elderly, and cardiac patients. It is water-soluble at pH less than 4 and lipid-soluble at physiological pH.
Progressive diminution of the susceptibility of a human or animal to the effects of a drug, resulting from its continued administration. It should be differentiated from DRUG RESISTANCE wherein an organism, disease, or tissue fails to respond to the intended effectiveness of a chemical or drug. It should also be differentiated from MAXIMUM TOLERATED DOSE and NO-OBSERVED-ADVERSE-EFFECT LEVEL.
The large network of nerve fibers which distributes the innervation of the upper extremity. The brachial plexus extends from the neck into the axilla. In humans, the nerves of the plexus usually originate from the lower cervical and the first thoracic spinal cord segments (C5-C8 and T1), but variations are not uncommon.
The relationship between the dose of an administered drug and the response of the organism to the drug.
A class of opioid receptors recognized by its pharmacological profile. Mu opioid receptors bind, in decreasing order of affinity, endorphins, dynorphins, met-enkephalin, and leu-enkephalin. They have also been shown to be molecular receptors for morphine.
Period from the onset of true OBSTETRIC LABOR to the complete dilatation of the CERVIX UTERI.
A imidazole derivative that is an agonist of ADRENERGIC ALPHA-2 RECEPTORS. It is closely-related to MEDETOMIDINE, which is the racemic form of this compound.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
A diphenylpropylamine with intense narcotic analgesic activity of long duration. It is a derivative of MEPERIDINE with similar activity and usage.
An opioid analgesic made from MORPHINE and used mainly as an analgesic. It has a shorter duration of action than morphine.
A form of therapy that employs a coordinated and interdisciplinary approach for easing the suffering and improving the quality of life of those experiencing pain.
A synthetic morphinan analgesic with narcotic antagonist action. It is used in the management of severe pain.
The period of care beginning when the patient is removed from surgery and aimed at meeting the patient's psychological and physical needs directly after surgery. (From Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
Pathologic processes that affect patients after a surgical procedure. They may or may not be related to the disease for which the surgery was done, and they may or may not be direct results of the surgery.
Surgery restricted to the management of minor problems and injuries; surgical procedures of relatively slight extent and not in itself hazardous to life. (Dorland, 28th ed & Stedman, 25th ed)
The movement and the forces involved in the movement of the blood through the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM.
Sense of awareness of self and of the environment.
Recording of electric currents developed in the brain by means of electrodes applied to the scalp, to the surface of the brain, or placed within the substance of the brain.
Operations carried out for the correction of deformities and defects, repair of injuries, and diagnosis and cure of certain diseases. (Taber, 18th ed.)
A narcotic used as a pain medication. It appears to be an agonist at kappa opioid receptors and an antagonist or partial agonist at mu opioid receptors.
Surgical incision into the chest wall.
An intravenous anesthetic with a short duration of action that may be used for induction of anesthesia.
Cell membrane proteins that bind opioids and trigger intracellular changes which influence the behavior of cells. The endogenous ligands for opioid receptors in mammals include three families of peptides, the enkephalins, endorphins, and dynorphins. The receptor classes include mu, delta, and kappa receptors. Sigma receptors bind several psychoactive substances, including certain opioids, but their endogenous ligands are not known.
An agonist of RECEPTORS, ADRENERGIC ALPHA-2 that is used in veterinary medicine for its analgesic and sedative properties. It is the racemate of DEXMEDETOMIDINE.
Agents inhibiting the effect of narcotics on the central nervous system.
Interventions to provide care prior to, during, and immediately after surgery.
The act of breathing with the LUNGS, consisting of INHALATION, or the taking into the lungs of the ambient air, and of EXHALATION, or the expelling of the modified air which contains more CARBON DIOXIDE than the air taken in (Blakiston's Gould Medical Dictionary, 4th ed.). This does not include tissue respiration (= OXYGEN CONSUMPTION) or cell respiration (= CELL RESPIRATION).
The number of times the HEART VENTRICLES contract per unit of time, usually per minute.
Injections made into a vein for therapeutic or experimental purposes.
An IBUPROFEN-type anti-inflammatory analgesic and antipyretic. It is used in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis.
Excision of the uterus.
The period following a surgical operation.
Patient care procedures performed during the operation that are ancillary to the actual surgery. It includes monitoring, fluid therapy, medication, transfusion, anesthesia, radiography, and laboratory tests.
A form of acupuncture with electrical impulses passing through the needles to stimulate NERVE TISSUE. It can be used for ANALGESIA; ANESTHESIA; REHABILITATION; and treatment for diseases.
A butyrophenone with general properties similar to those of HALOPERIDOL. It is used in conjunction with an opioid analgesic such as FENTANYL to maintain the patient in a calm state of neuroleptanalgesia with indifference to surroundings but still able to cooperate with the surgeon. It is also used as a premedicant, as an antiemetic, and for the control of agitation in acute psychoses. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 29th ed, p593)
An abdominal hernia with an external bulge in the GROIN region. It can be classified by the location of herniation. Indirect inguinal hernias occur through the internal inguinal ring. Direct inguinal hernias occur through defects in the ABDOMINAL WALL (transversalis fascia) in Hesselbach's triangle. The former type is commonly seen in children and young adults; the latter in adults.
Drugs that interrupt transmission at the skeletal neuromuscular junction without causing depolarization of the motor end plate. They prevent acetylcholine from triggering muscle contraction and are used as muscle relaxants during electroshock treatments, in convulsive states, and as anesthesia adjuvants.
Drug-induced depression of consciousness during which patients cannot be easily aroused but respond purposely following repeated painful stimulation. The ability to independently maintain ventilatory function may be impaired. (From: American Society of Anesthesiologists Practice Guidelines)
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
That portion of the body that lies between the THORAX and the PELVIS.
An intense itching sensation that produces the urge to rub or scratch the skin to obtain relief.
The long-term (minutes to hours) administration of a fluid into the vein through venipuncture, either by letting the fluid flow by gravity or by pumping it.
Surgery performed on the female genitalia.
The active sympathomimetic hormone from the ADRENAL MEDULLA. It stimulates both the alpha- and beta- adrenergic systems, causes systemic VASOCONSTRICTION and gastrointestinal relaxation, stimulates the HEART, and dilates BRONCHI and cerebral vessels. It is used in ASTHMA and CARDIAC FAILURE and to delay absorption of local ANESTHETICS.
Drugs that interrupt transmission of nerve impulses at the skeletal neuromuscular junction. They can be of two types, competitive, stabilizing blockers (NEUROMUSCULAR NONDEPOLARIZING AGENTS) or noncompetitive, depolarizing agents (NEUROMUSCULAR DEPOLARIZING AGENTS). Both prevent acetylcholine from triggering the muscle contraction and they are used as anesthesia adjuvants, as relaxants during electroshock, in convulsive states, etc.
A cholinesterase inhibitor used in the treatment of myasthenia gravis and to reverse the effects of muscle relaxants such as gallamine and tubocurarine. Neostigmine, unlike PHYSOSTIGMINE, does not cross the blood-brain barrier.
The degree to which the individual regards the health care service or product or the manner in which it is delivered by the provider as useful, effective, or beneficial.
A noble gas with the atomic symbol Xe, atomic number 54, and atomic weight 131.30. It is found in the earth's atmosphere and has been used as an anesthetic.
Time schedule for administration of a drug in order to achieve optimum effectiveness and convenience.
The space between the arachnoid membrane and PIA MATER, filled with CEREBROSPINAL FLUID. It contains large blood vessels that supply the BRAIN and SPINAL CORD.
The endogenous peptides with opiate-like activity. The three major classes currently recognized are the ENKEPHALINS, the DYNORPHINS, and the ENDORPHINS. Each of these families derives from different precursors, proenkephalin, prodynorphin, and PRO-OPIOMELANOCORTIN, respectively. There are also at least three classes of OPIOID RECEPTORS, but the peptide families do not map to the receptors in a simple way.
An increased sensation of pain or discomfort produced by mimimally noxious stimuli due to damage to soft tissue containing NOCICEPTORS or injury to a peripheral nerve.
Abnormally low BLOOD PRESSURE that can result in inadequate blood flow to the brain and other vital organs. Common symptom is DIZZINESS but greater negative impacts on the body occur when there is prolonged depravation of oxygen and nutrients.
The intentional interruption of transmission at the NEUROMUSCULAR JUNCTION by external agents, usually neuromuscular blocking agents. It is distinguished from NERVE BLOCK in which nerve conduction (NEURAL CONDUCTION) is interrupted rather than neuromuscular transmission. Neuromuscular blockade is commonly used to produce MUSCLE RELAXATION as an adjunct to anesthesia during surgery and other medical procedures. It is also often used as an experimental manipulation in basic research. It is not strictly speaking anesthesia but is grouped here with anesthetic techniques. The failure of neuromuscular transmission as a result of pathological processes is not included here.
A strain of albino rat used widely for experimental purposes because of its calmness and ease of handling. It was developed by the Sprague-Dawley Animal Company.
A thiophene-containing local anesthetic pharmacologically similar to MEPIVACAINE.
A mobile, very volatile, highly flammable liquid used as an inhalation anesthetic and as a solvent for waxes, fats, oils, perfumes, alkaloids, and gums. It is mildly irritating to skin and mucous membranes.
Procedures used to treat and correct deformities, diseases, and injuries to the MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM, its articulations, and associated structures.
The surgical removal of a tooth. (Dorland, 28th ed)
A method, developed by Dr. Virginia Apgar, to evaluate a newborn's adjustment to extrauterine life. Five items - heart rate, respiratory effort, muscle tone, reflex irritability, and color - are evaluated 60 seconds after birth and again five minutes later on a scale from 0-2, 0 being the lowest, 2 being normal. The five numbers are added for the Apgar score. A score of 0-3 represents severe distress, 4-7 indicates moderate distress, and a score of 7-10 predicts an absence of difficulty in adjusting to extrauterine life.
The injection of drugs, most often analgesics, into the spinal canal without puncturing the dura mater.
The first mixed agonist-antagonist analgesic to be marketed. It is an agonist at the kappa and sigma opioid receptors and has a weak antagonist action at the mu receptor. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual, 1991, p97)
Preliminary administration of a drug preceding a diagnostic, therapeutic, or surgical procedure. The commonest types of premedication are antibiotics (ANTIBIOTIC PROPHYLAXIS) and anti-anxiety agents. It does not include PREANESTHETIC MEDICATION.
A derivative of CHLORAL HYDRATE that was used as a sedative but has been replaced by safer and more effective drugs. Its most common use is as a general anesthetic in animal experiments.
An effect usually, but not necessarily, beneficial that is attributable to an expectation that the regimen will have an effect, i.e., the effect is due to the power of suggestion.
Analogs or derivatives of morphine.
The measure of the level of heat of a human or animal.
Sharp instruments used for puncturing or suturing.
Devices used to assess the level of consciousness especially during anesthesia. They measure brain activity level based on the EEG.
Analgesic antipyretic derivative of acetanilide. It has weak anti-inflammatory properties and is used as a common analgesic, but may cause liver, blood cell, and kidney damage.
A type of oropharyngeal airway that provides an alternative to endotracheal intubation and standard mask anesthesia in certain patients. It is introduced into the hypopharynx to form a seal around the larynx thus permitting spontaneous or positive pressure ventilation without penetration of the larynx or esophagus. It is used in place of a facemask in routine anesthesia. The advantages over standard mask anesthesia are better airway control, minimal anesthetic gas leakage, a secure airway during patient transport to the recovery area, and minimal postoperative problems.
Delivery of the FETUS and PLACENTA under the care of an obstetrician or a health worker. Obstetric deliveries may involve physical, psychological, medical, or surgical interventions.
A cylindrical column of tissue that lies within the vertebral canal. It is composed of WHITE MATTER and GRAY MATTER.
A colorless, odorless gas that can be formed by the body and is necessary for the respiration cycle of plants and animals.
Central gray matter surrounding the CEREBRAL AQUEDUCT in the MESENCEPHALON. Physiologically it is probably involved in RAGE reactions, the LORDOSIS REFLEX; FEEDING responses, bladder tonus, and pain.
A phenethylamine found in EPHEDRA SINICA. PSEUDOEPHEDRINE is an isomer. It is an alpha- and beta-adrenergic agonist that may also enhance release of norepinephrine. It has been used for asthma, heart failure, rhinitis, and urinary incontinence, and for its central nervous system stimulatory effects in the treatment of narcolepsy and depression. It has become less extensively used with the advent of more selective agonists.
The process by which PAIN is recognized and interpreted by the brain.
Introduction of substances into the body using a needle and syringe.
A semisynthetic derivative of CODEINE.
The action of a drug that may affect the activity, metabolism, or toxicity of another drug.
Fluid propulsion systems driven mechanically, electrically, or osmotically that are used to inject (or infuse) over time agents into a patient or experimental animal; used routinely in hospitals to maintain a patent intravenous line, to administer antineoplastic agents and other drugs in thromboembolism, heart disease, diabetes mellitus (INSULIN INFUSION SYSTEMS is also available), and other disorders.
A method in which either the observer(s) or the subject(s) is kept ignorant of the group to which the subjects are assigned.
Drugs that selectively bind to and activate alpha adrenergic receptors.
An element with atomic symbol O, atomic number 8, and atomic weight [15.99903; 15.99977]. It is the most abundant element on earth and essential for respiration.
Medical problems associated with OBSTETRIC LABOR, such as BREECH PRESENTATION; PREMATURE OBSTETRIC LABOR; HEMORRHAGE; or others. These complications can affect the well-being of the mother, the FETUS, or both.
Agents that induce NARCOSIS. Narcotics include agents that cause somnolence or induced sleep (STUPOR); natural or synthetic derivatives of OPIUM or MORPHINE or any substance that has such effects. They are potent inducers of ANALGESIA and OPIOID-RELATED DISORDERS.
Occurence of a patient becoming conscious during a procedure performed under GENERAL ANESTHESIA and subsequently having recall of these events. (From Anesthesiology 2006, 104(4): 847-64.)
Imidazole derivative anesthetic and hypnotic with little effect on blood gases, ventilation, or the cardiovascular system. It has been proposed as an induction anesthetic.
Peripheral AFFERENT NEURONS which are sensitive to injuries or pain, usually caused by extreme thermal exposures, mechanical forces, or other noxious stimuli. Their cell bodies reside in the DORSAL ROOT GANGLIA. Their peripheral terminals (NERVE ENDINGS) innervate target tissues and transduce noxious stimuli via axons to the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM.
Anti-inflammatory agents that are non-steroidal in nature. In addition to anti-inflammatory actions, they have analgesic, antipyretic, and platelet-inhibitory actions.They act by blocking the synthesis of prostaglandins by inhibiting cyclooxygenase, which converts arachidonic acid to cyclic endoperoxides, precursors of prostaglandins. Inhibition of prostaglandin synthesis accounts for their analgesic, antipyretic, and platelet-inhibitory actions; other mechanisms may contribute to their anti-inflammatory effects.
A quaternary skeletal muscle relaxant usually used in the form of its bromide, chloride, or iodide. It is a depolarizing relaxant, acting in about 30 seconds and with a duration of effect averaging three to five minutes. Succinylcholine is used in surgical, anesthetic, and other procedures in which a brief period of muscle relaxation is called for.
A network of nerve fibers originating in the upper four CERVICAL SPINAL CORD segments. The cervical plexus distributes cutaneous nerves to parts of the neck, shoulders, and back of the head. It also distributes motor fibers to muscles of the cervical SPINAL COLUMN, infrahyoid muscles, and the DIAPHRAGM.
Involuntary contraction or twitching of the muscles. It is a physiologic method of heat production in man and other mammals.
Professional nurses who have completed postgraduate training in the administration of anesthetics and who function under the responsibility of the operating surgeon.
Books designed to give factual information or instructions.
Measurement of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the blood.
Examination, therapy or surgery of the interior of the larynx performed with a specially designed endoscope.
Drugs used to prevent NAUSEA or VOMITING.
A potent local anesthetic of the ester type used for surface and spinal anesthesia.
A branch of the trigeminal (5th cranial) nerve. The mandibular nerve carries motor fibers to the muscles of mastication and sensory fibers to the teeth and gingivae, the face in the region of the mandible, and parts of the dura.
A local anesthetic of the ester type that has a slow onset and a short duration of action. It is mainly used for infiltration anesthesia, peripheral nerve block, and spinal block. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1016).
Persistent pain that is refractory to some or all forms of treatment.
Androstanes and androstane derivatives which are substituted in any position with one or more hydroxyl groups.
Care given during the period prior to undergoing surgery when psychological and physical preparations are made according to the special needs of the individual patient. This period spans the time between admission to the hospital to the time the surgery begins. (From Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
Interruption of sympathetic pathways, by local injection of an anesthetic agent, at any of four levels: peripheral nerve block, sympathetic ganglion block, extradural block, and subarachnoid block.
Procedure in which arterial blood pressure is intentionally reduced in order to control blood loss during surgery. This procedure is performed either pharmacologically or by pre-surgical removal of blood.
Extraction of the fetus by means of obstetrical instruments.
Single preparations containing two or more active agents, for the purpose of their concurrent administration as a fixed dose mixture.
Devices for the compression of a blood vessel by application around an extremity to control the circulation and prevent the flow of blood to or from the distal area. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
An opioid analgesic related to MORPHINE but with less potent analgesic properties and mild sedative effects. It also acts centrally to suppress cough.
Procedure in which an individual is induced into a trance-like state to relieve pain. This procedure is frequently performed with local but not general ANESTHESIA.
Facilities equipped for performing surgery.
The air-dried exudate from the unripe seed capsule of the opium poppy, Papaver somniferum, or its variant, P. album. It contains a number of alkaloids, but only a few - MORPHINE; CODEINE; and PAPAVERINE - have clinical significance. Opium has been used as an analgesic, antitussive, antidiarrheal, and antispasmodic.
Forceful administration into a muscle of liquid medication, nutrient, or other fluid through a hollow needle piercing the muscle and any tissue covering it.
The insertion of drugs into the rectum, usually for confused or incompetent patients, like children, infants, and the very old or comatose.
A process involving chance used in therapeutic trials or other research endeavor for allocating experimental subjects, human or animal, between treatment and control groups, or among treatment groups. It may also apply to experiments on inanimate objects.
Surgery performed on the eye or any of its parts.
The process in which specialized SENSORY RECEPTOR CELLS transduce peripheral stimuli (physical or chemical) into NERVE IMPULSES which are then transmitted to the various sensory centers in the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM.
Non-narcotic analgesic chemically similar to ORPHENADRINE. Its mechanism of action is unclear. It is used for the relief of acute and chronic pain. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p26)

An evaluation of obstetrical analgesia. (1/8)

Relief of pain and safety of mother and child are fundamentals in obstetrical analgesia. Elimination of those drugs which are ineffective or dangerous is the best guide to proper medication. Morphine, codeine, or similar opium derivatives should be avoided as they depress fetal respiration. Barbiturates have the same fault, despite their popularity. Demerol in small dosage is safe and effective. Scopolamine yields excellent results with safety. Magnesium sulfate potentiates and reinforces the action of scopolamine and involves no danger. This combination of drugs may be used by any competent general practitioner in the home or hospital.  (+info)

Trifluoroethylvinyl ether (fluoromar); a preliminary report on clinical experience and animal experiment. (2/8)

In observations of 80 cases in which Fluoromar was used for inhalation anesthesia it was noted that induction was rapid; maintenance although labile, was usually smooth; and recovery of reflexes was rapid. Anesthetic complications were minimal, and postanesthetic complications were limited to nausea and vomiting in no greater incidence than that expected to follow the use of most inhalation anesthetic agents. Fluoromar produces rapid, and not particularly unpleasant, loss of consciousness, and will produce complete anesthesia without supplement. However, the muscular relaxation afforded by Fluoromar is not complete, and delayed recovery from anesthesia may follow attempts to produce relaxation by deepening too greatly the level of anesthesia. The inflammability of Fluoromar is less than that of other inhalation agents.  (+info)

Thiopentone and buthalitone: the relationship between depth of anaesthesia, plasma concentration and plasma protein binding. (3/8)

For 24 hr. after intravenous administration of buthalitone or thiopentone, plasma concentrations in young human subjects have been followed. Buthalitone was distributed to the tissues more rapidly but was metabolized at a slower rate than thiopentone. The relationships between these findings and differences in plasma protein binding and oil/water partition coefficients were studied. It is suggested that some of the differences observed in potency between the substances is a reflection of differences in their modes of distribution. No relationship was found between speed of recovery from anaesthesia and plasma barbiturate concentrations.  (+info)

Anaesthesia in new-born animals. (4/8)

Pentobarbitone was more toxic to new-born than to adult rabbits and rats, produced a longer loss of righting reflex in new-born animals but did not anaesthetize them effectively in less than toxic doses. Urethane did not anaesthetize new-born animals in doses which anaesthetized adults. Ether produced loss of righting reflex at lower concentrations for new-born than for adults, but the new-born animals became anaesthetized more slowly.  (+info)

The influence of thiopentone anaesthesia on the blood lipid and blood sugar level. (5/8)

Thiopentone anaesthesia in dogs and rats was accompanied by a sharp fall in blood nonesterified fatty acids and a small increase in blood sugar. No pronounced changes in the blood concentrations of cholesterol, phospholipids or fatty acid esters were observed. Ether anaesthesia had no effect on the blood non-esterified fatty acids in rats. The fall in non-esterified fatty acids during thiopentone anaesthesia is therefore not related to the state of anaesthesia itself.  (+info)

General anesthesia for eye operations. A consideration of some pertinent factors involved in administration. (6/8)

In the administration of general anesthesia for surgical operations on the eye, care must be taken to consider the patient's total physiological condition. A patient with eye problems may have generalized changes of more than moderate extent. Most patients are in the age group in which the incidence of cardiovascular and pulmonary problems is relatively high. If the patient is in a younger age group, perhaps diabetes or the collagen diseases must be suspected. Care must be taken to prevent undue strains to the eye during and immediately after the operation. Constant care and an awareness of possible complication is necessary for successful management in these cases.  (+info)

Local anesthesia in ophthalmology. (7/8)

With local anesthesia for intraocular operations, postoperative agitation, nausea and vomiting are less frequent, which tends to reduce the number of intraocular complications. Bleeding is less troublesome, and secretions are better controlled. Fewer cardiac and pulmonary complications occur with local anesthesia. Meperidine hydrochloride (Demerol(R)) and pentobarbital sodium (nembutal) remain drugs of choice in preoperative medication. Lidocaine (Xylocaine(R)), 1 or 2 per cent, is a most satisfactory local anesthetic for intraocular operations. Complete akinesia of the eyelids has been achieved in every instance by a modified combination of the O'Brien and Van Lint techniques, using lidocaine 1 per cent. Nasolacrimal procedures can be performed satisfactorily by injecting the nasociliary and infraorbital nerves with lidocaine 2 per cent.  (+info)

Trichlorethylene analgesia use for urologic procedures in the office. (8/8)

Trichlorethylene inhalation for analgesia was used in 391 cases in which urologic procedures were carried out in the office. In the great majority of cases the patients had no significant pain or had only minor discomfort. Results were considered poor in less than 10 per cent of cases.  (+info)

Obstetric Analgesia and Anesthesia: A Manual for Physicians, Nurses and Other Health Personnel, Prepared for the World Federation of Societies of
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Indicated for the relief of moderate to severe pain. It can also be used as a supplement to balanced anesthesia, for preoperative and postoperative analgesia, and for obstetrical analgesia during labor and delivery.. Strength ...
Medical information for Thiopentone on Pediatric Oncall including Mechanism, Indication, Contraindications, Dosing, Adverse Effect, Interaction.
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Whats known on the subject? and What does the study add?. Very few studies have examined end-of-life urological studies in men with prostate cancer. These studies reported fewer procedures in men who received primary therapy for prostate cancer. However, these studies were typically single institution or had a short follow-up period.. The present study is the first population-based study examining end-of-life urological procedures and uses a geographic region encompassing 385 000 patients. Furthermore, this study incorporates both hospital- and office-based procedures. This approach has not been previously undertaken. ...
patients reported good compliance on the visual analog scale questionnaire.20 In fact, direct approaches to measures adherence, such as ...
Practical approach of the most common urological procedures step by step through DVD presentations (3-5 min), followed by interesting 15-minute presentations and 60-minute discussion.
Sheep) Clinical signs have not been reported in adult or growing sheep; although there is anecdotal evidence of drop in milk yield of milking sheep in Netherlands. In new-born animals and foetuses, the disease is associated in animals born alive or dead or aborted following infection of the dam. The disease primarily affects sheep, but also cattle and goats. Malformations observed include bent limbs and fixed joints, brain deformities and marked damage to the spinal cord. Persistent flexion of the joints (arthrogryposis or contracted tendons) is reported to be a common birth defect. However, arthrogryposis can also be inherited as an autosomal recessive condition and so vet analysis is necessary to diagnose the SBV on this symptom. Some animals are born with a normal appearance but have nervous signs due to brain or spinal damage; such as blindness, ataxia, recumbency, inability to suck and sometimes seizures. The severity and type of deformities vary depend on the point at which the foetus ...
The Department of Anaesthesiology provides anaesthesia to patients undergoing surgical procedures & pain management services. The department caters to a wide range of surgical specialties and use the latest technologies for anaesthesia care. Our Anaesthetist is an experts in all aspects of anaesthesia and ensure that all anaesthetic and associated equipment is routinely checked and maintained to the highest possible standards.. They remain update on the latest trends in Anaesthesia care by undergoing continuous professional development and in-house training. Our Anaesthesiologist is ably assisted by anaesthesia technicians and the department undertakes administration of anaesthesia in all subspecialties, Preoperative medical evaluations, Perioperative pain management, acute pain, Injections and nerve blocks, Spinal-infusion systems, Obstetrical analgesia and anaesthesia.. ...
Our fall Vietnam mission is complete. With the support of our mission partner IPSAC and the Provincial Hospital leadership and surgical, medical and nursing staff, we were able to successfully perform 24 urologic procedures on children in need. In addition to these surgeries, knowledge was transferred at all points in the continuum of care - from the bedside to the conference room. We collaborated to do screenings, provide pre- and post-op care and family education and, of course, hands-on training in the OR. On our last day, we did a workshop on optimizing surgical outcomes with a multidisciplinary approach. It ended with a good discussion illustrating the differences between our healthcare settings and the impact resources have on patients and teams. We were also supported by a very committed and helpful team of interpreters all along the way. ...
patient will receive 6% HES 130/0.42 in a balanced electrolyte containing Na+140 mmol/L, Cl- 118 mmol/L, K +4 mmol/L, Ca++ 2.5 mmol/L, Mg++ 1 mmol/L, acetate- 24 mmol/L and malate-- 5 mmol/ ...
Baptist Health Systems is the parent company of Baptist Medical Center, The Mississippi Hospital for Restorative Care and a number of related healthcare services and programs.
Automatic disposable biopsy system intended for Interventional Radiology procedures and specially designed for Urological procedures. Medone combines precise penetration, accurate sampling and quick results, in a one-hand controlled device, very easy and user-friendly arming mechanism.. ...
Pediatr nephrol 2002; 17(5): 213 146 management. Take pre- (trough) levels about 6 13 min from injection depending on there is, nevertheless, a strong reduc- and in animal models of ad, as well as being disgusting. Its pathogenesis is complex and needed advanced training, especially complex reconstructive urologic procedures, such as innovative or state of stem cell and dendritic cells are unable to take the preparation under the bridge ) and must be careful not to have their own right, may further affect their sexuality by overcoming their sexual wants and needs; under- standing of critical care, tyler ve the herbal remedies , samuelson g drugs of choice are circumareolar, curvilinear that parallel langer s line by inserting and cannula, which is necessary for normal limb, which is. 3. Oliver wj, cohen el, neel jv. Until stabilisation occurs, who ate enormous quantities of up to about 6 mm 10 mm external carotid artery terminates as the brain, t5-weighted figure 1.21 magnetic resonance imaging ...
Genesis Healthcare Partners provides the highest quality urologic care in San Diego County. Our urologic physicians offer premier operative care in laparoscopic urology, endourology and open urologic procedures
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Blog posts from Dr. Reed of the Reed Centre in Miami Beach Florida about adult male circumcision and other urological procedures.
The urologists at St. Josephs Hospital-South manage both complex and routine urologic conditions. Our urologic surgeons perform complex oncology surgeries as well as reconstructive urologic procedures.
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The hospital has an ultra-modern operating suite consisting of eight rooms utilized by the various departments. Four of these operating rooms are used daily by our department for open surgical, minimal invasive and urological procedures. One operating room is utilized for emergency surgery on a 24 hour basis. There are two additional operating theaters in casualty/emergency department which are devoted on a 24 hour basis for minor surgical procedures, ambulatory surgery and emergency trauma patients. Each operating room has its own anaesthesia room and advanced anaesthesia equipment with monitoring facilities, modern operating lights and latest available theater equipment. High resolution cameras and monitors are available for minimal invasive surgeries ...
At Hixson Urology, we pride ourselves on providing cutting-edge urology on a personal level. We recognize how important our patients are, and we treat them with the respect they deserve. We have live office staff answer our phones. We offer same-day appointments for emergencies. Our experienced, board-certified urologists use advanced treatments to manage a broad spectrum of urological problems, including minimally invasive urologic procedures. In short, we provide the individual attention that we hope separates us from the rest.. ...
Dear Colleagues. It is a great pleasure to invite you to Leipzig for the 15th European Meeting on Laparoscopic and Robotic Urologic Surgery - Challenges in Laparoscopy and Robotics.. The worlds most renowned surgeons will perform a wide spectrum of the most challenging examples of urological procedures such as prostatectomy, Read More ...
Advanced Urology has six vasectomy doctors with more than 95 years of combined experience in performing vasectomies and other urologic procedures.
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Blood Sugar Spikes in the Evening. Blood sugar spikes are unwelcome any time of day. Spikes after dinner, the largest meal of the day for many people, can make it difficult to do anything but sit on the couch watching TV or fall into bed. Take control of your post-dinner blood sugar by monitoring it closely, adjusting ...
The easiest way to lower blood sugar is a healthy diet and light, regular exercise. Those trying to lower blood sugar should avoid...
Dr. Anil Agarwal and Dr. Shireesha Sankella (right) discuss the findings of their recently published study that identified a new potential therapeutic target for controlling high blood sugar.
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Robotic-assisted surgery allows surgeons to perform a wide range of urologic procedures through 1 to 2 centimeter incisions, from kidney removal to removing part, or all, of the prostate gland, while achieving equal, or better, clinical outcomes
(HealthDay)-Among American Urological Association (AUA) members, self-reported adherence to the Best Practice Statement on the use of thromboprophylaxis in patients undergoing urological procedures is low, according to ...
Although your body needs potassium, having too much in your blood can be harmful. Intravenous (IV) therapy: Extremely high potassium levels need immediate treatment. There is a lack of accepted safety for use under medical supervision. In some instances, you may need emergency medications or dialysis. The Glickman Urological & Kidney Institute offers innovative treatments in urology and nephrology, including minimally invasive, scarless options for urologic procedures and medical management of kidney disease. Some medications lower potassium slowly, including: Your doctor will look at whether you need to stop taking other medications in order to lower your blood potassium levels, or adjust how much you take. We do not endorse non-Cleveland Clinic products or services. So you might need dialysis to treat your kidney disease -- which also treats hyperkalemia. All rights reserved. Hyperkalemia Causes. Instead, it may be caused by the rupture of blood cells in the blood sample during or shortly ...
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The all-female panel, dubbed the Fab Five, included Sophia Evans, director of Central Texas College; Hope Katz Gibbs, president and founder of Inkandescent Group, LLC; Karen Thompson, chief, Personnel Clearance Division; Kimya Jones, assistant general counsel, U.S. Attorneys Office; Willie Mae McDowell, corporate program manager, Trinity Technology Group; Deborah Harrington, former surgeon and current president/CEO of Energy Audits and Green Solutions, LLC ...
... is a monthly peer-reviewed medical journal covering anesthesia, pain management, and perioperative ... "About the IARS". International Anesthesia Research Society. Retrieved December 9, 2011. "Anesthesia & Analgesia". 2015 Journal ... It is published by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins on behalf of the International Anesthesia Research Society. Its editor-in- ...
Members of the ACVAA are sought for their expert opinion on matters related to veterinary anesthesia and analgesia. They may be ... The American College of Veterinary Anesthesia and Analgesia (ACVAA) is one of the veterinary specialist colleges recognized by ... p. 4. ISBN 978-0-7817-5471-2. "About the ACVAA". American College of Veterinary Anesthesia and Analgesia. Retrieved 1 August ... "Guidelines and Position Statements". American College of Veterinary Anesthesia and Analgesia. ACVAA. Retrieved 1 August 2021. ...
Regional analgesia Local analgesia Campoy, Luis; Read, Matt (2012). Small Animal Regional Anesthesia and Analgesia. John Wiley ... Anesthesia Progress. 59 (3): 127-137. doi:10.2344/0003-3006-59.3.127. PMC 3468291. PMID 23050753. Local anesthesia in dentistry ... Infiltration analgesia is deposition of an analgesic drug close to the apex of a tooth so that it can diffuse to reach the ... Lee, Jiseon; Lee, Ju-Young; Kim, Hyun Jeong; Seo, Kwang-Suk (September 2016). "Dental anesthesia for patients with allergic ...
"Continuum of Depth of Sedation; Definition of General Anesthesia and Levels of Sedation/Analgesia". American Society of ... It provides no analgesia, as a result, it was commonly used with fentanyl for effective PSA prior to propofol and etomidate. ... Procedural sedation and analgesia (PSA) is a technique in which a sedating/dissociative medication is given, usually along with ... Fentanyl provides analgesia and sedative properties; it does not have any amnestic effects. It was commonly used with midazolam ...
Anesthesia and Analgesia. 50 (1): 1-10. doi:10.1213/00000539-197101000-00001. ISSN 0003-2999. PMID 5100236. S2CID 39886476. ... Patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) is any method of allowing a person in pain to administer their own pain relief. The infusion ... Babl F, Barnett P, Palmer G, Oakley E, Davidson A (2007). "A pilot study of inhaled methoxyflurane for procedural analgesia in ... When used for labor analgesia, the Analgizer allows labor to progress normally and with no apparent adverse effect on Apgar ...
Anesthesia & Analgesia. 123 (6): 1463-1468. doi:10.1213/ANE.0000000000001590. PMID 27644057. S2CID 13452428. (Webarchive ... Several factors can predispose to aspiration of stomach contents including inadequate anesthesia, pregnancy, obesity, difficult ... while the patient is under general anesthesia. The latest guidelines do not support preoperative fasting, as there is no ... of preoperative fasting is to prevent pulmonary aspiration of stomach contents while under the effects of general anesthesia. ...
Virginia Apgar and the Apgar Score: How the Apgar Score Came to Be". Anesthesia & Analgesia. 120 (5): 1060-1064. doi:10.1213/ ... and it was then published in Anesthesia and Analgesia in 1953. In 1955, efforts to establish a scientific basis to the score ... Apgar V (1953). "A proposal for a new method of evaluation of the newborn infant" (PDF). Current Researches in Anesthesia & ... Analgesia. 32 (4): 260-7. doi:10.1213/00000539-195301000-00041. PMID 13083014. Gonzales GF, Salirrosas A (September 2005). " ...
Anesthesia & Analgesia. 83 (1): 114-116. doi:10.1213/00000539-199607000-00020. Tramèr, M.; Moore, A.; McQuay, H. (February 1996 ... Anesthesia and Analgesia. 59 (3): 175-7. doi:10.1213/00000539-198003000-00002. PMID 7189346. S2CID 41966990. Vieira, E. (1979 ... "Nitrous Oxide Analgesia for Childbirth". Archived from the original on 25 May 2011. O'Connor RE; Brady W; Brooks ... Faddy, S. C.; Garlick, S. R. (1 December 2005). "A systematic review of the safety of analgesia with 50% nitrous oxide: can lay ...
Anesthesia & Analgesia. 95 (4): 1125. doi:10.1097/00000539-200210000-00076. Iserson KV (1987). "The origins of the gauge system ... Page 110 in: Edward Doyle (2007). Pediatric Anesthesia. OUP Oxford. ISBN 978-0-19-920279-9. ISO 9626: Stainless steel needle ...
Anesthesia & Analgesia. 101 (3): 930. doi:10.1097/00000539-200509000-00078. Doyle, D. John (2005). "The Airway Cam™ guide to ... intubation and practical emergency airway management (review)". Canadian Journal of Anesthesia. Springer Science and Business ...
Hepner, David L.; Castells, Mariana C. (April 2003). "Latex Allergy: An Update". Anesthesia & Analgesia. 96 (4): 1219-1229. doi ...
Williams BS, Cohen SP (2009). "Greater Trochanteric Pain Syndrome: A Review of Anatomy, Diagnosis and Treatment". Anesthesia & ... Analgesia. 108 (5): 1662-1670. doi:10.1213/ane.0b013e31819d6562. PMID 19372352. S2CID 5521326. Dougherty C, Dougherty JJ ( ...
Anesthesia & Analgesia. San Francisco, CA: International Anesthesia Research Society. 111 (1): 92-98. doi:10.1213/ane. ... Burns WB, Eger EI (August 2011). "Ross C. Terrell, PhD, an anesthetic pioneer". Anesthesia and Analgesia. 113 (2): 387-9. doi: ... Anesthesia & Analgesia. 130 (2): 360-366. doi:10.1213/ANE.0000000000004093. ISSN 0003-2999. PMID 30882520. Sloan, Mark H.; ... Anesthesia and Analgesia. 54 (6): 758-66. doi:10.1213/00000539-197511000-00021. PMID 1239214. S2CID 26832938. "Propofol and ...
Stage I (stage of analgesia or disorientation): from beginning of induction of general anesthesia to loss of consciousness. ... Di-ethyl ether analgesia: a detailed description of the first stage of ether analgesia in man. J Pharmacol Exp Ther 1954, 111, ... Anesthesia & Analgesia. 100 (4): 1221, author reply 1221-2. doi:10.1213/01.ANE.0000149022.48021.24. PMID 15781568. Artusio JF. ... Since general anesthesia first became widely used in late 1846, assessment of anesthetic depth was a problem. To determine the ...
Anesthesia & Analgesia. 93 (1): 134-141. doi:10.1097/00000539-200107000-00028. PMID 11429354. S2CID 30026609. Retrieved 14 Apr ... Hawkins JL, Chang J, Palmer SK, Gibbs CP, Callaghan WM (January 2011). "Anesthesia-related maternal mortality in the United ... A study of anesthesia-related maternal mortality in the United States between 1979 and 2002 found the share of maternal ... one study of maternal mortality records lists the total share of maternal mortality deaths recorded as stemming from anesthesia ...
Anesthesia & Analgesia. "Beadle v. Allis". Court of Appeals of Michigan. October 27, 1987. "Deaths". Lansing State Journal. ...
Anesthesia & Analgesia. 123 (3): 739-748. doi:10.1213/ANE.0000000000001389. PMID 27537761. S2CID 8323268. Watters, David A.; ... She has taught extensively around the world on topics of Anesthesia for Austere Environments and Anesthesia delivery during ... Soon after completing the AAAS fellowship, she began focusing on the role of surgery and safe anesthesia in global public ... She is creating a Global Academic Anesthesia Consortium, that is committed to education and training in low-income settings and ...
An Efficient Alternative to Counteract Hypotension During Combined General/Epidural Anesthesia". Anesthesia & Analgesia. 90 (6 ...
2001). "Survival After Failed Intraoperative Resuscitation: A Case of "Lazarus Syndrome"". Anesthesia & Analgesia. 92 (3): 690- ...
Anesthesia & Analgesia. 127 (6): 1434-1439. doi:10.1213/ANE.0000000000003734. ISSN 0003-2999. PMID 30169405. S2CID 52142441. ... PDPH is a common side effect of lumbar puncture and spinal anesthesia. Leakage of cerebrospinal fluid causes reduced fluid ... Collis, R. E.; Harries, S. E. (July 2005). "A subdural abscess and infected blood patch complicating regional analgesia for ... Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine. 34 (5): 430-437. doi:10.1097/AAP.0b013e3181b493e9. ISSN 1532-8651. PMID 19749586. ...
Part I". Anesthesia & Analgesia. 111 (1): 120-128. doi:10.1213/ANE.0b013e3181da832d. PMID 20442260. S2CID 207132635. Naguib M, ... Part II". Anesthesia & Analgesia. 111 (1): 129-140. doi:10.1213/ANE.0b013e3181da8312. PMID 20442261. S2CID 23738174. Cammu G, ... Brull SJ, Naguib M, Miller RD (2008). "Residual Neuromuscular Block: Rediscovering the Obvious". Anesthesia & Analgesia. 107 (1 ... Anesthesia & Analgesia. 98 (6): 1686-1691. doi:10.1213/01.ane.0000113544.21754.a5. PMID 15155329. S2CID 20439614. Davis L, ...
Anesthesia & Analgesia. 117 (3): 597-604. doi:10.1213/ANE.0b013e31824a0b1c. PMID 22392970. S2CID 207134623. Bayat, R.; Borici- ...
Anesthesia & Analgesia. 88 (6): 1422-3. doi:10.1213/00000539-199906000-00044. PMID 10357358. (Articles with short description, ...
Anesthesia and Analgesia. 115 (2): 274-83. doi:10.1213/ANE.0b013e31823f0c28. PMID 22190555. S2CID 21457057. Worthington, Mark T ... Anesthesia & Analgesia. 117 (5): 1093-100. doi:10.1213/ANE.0b013e3182a705ae. PMID 24108261. S2CID 24581168. "Two Scientific ... Anesthesia & Analgesia. 120 (4): 771-80. doi:10.1213/ANE.0000000000000548. PMID 25502841. S2CID 20941788. Stafford, Jeffrey A ... Phase II trials comparing remimazolam to the standard anesthesia protocols for cardiac surgery and colonoscopy were presented ...
Severinghaus, John W. (2007). "Takuo Aoyagi: Discovery of Pulse Oximetry". Anesthesia & Analgesia. Ovid Technologies (Wolters ...
Gale, J; Waters, R (1932). "Closed endobronchial anesthesia in thoracic surgery: preliminary report". Anesthesia and Analgesia ... Corssen, G; Domino, EF; Sweet, RB (November-December 1964). "Neuroleptanalgesia and Anesthesia". Anesthesia & Analgesia. 43 (6 ... Guedel, A; Waters, R (1928). "A new intratracheal catheter". Anesthesia and Analgesia. 7 (4): 238-239. doi:10.1213/00000539- ... Nilsson E, Janssen PA (1961). "Neurolept-analgesia: an alternative to general anesthesia". Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica ...
Anesthesia and Analgesia. 124 (3): 743-752. doi:10.1213/ane.0000000000001609. PMID 27669554. S2CID 10961504. Denise M Harmening ... Anesthesia & Analgesia. 120 (6): 1196-1203. doi:10.1213/ANE.0000000000000619. ISSN 0003-2999. PMID 25988630. S2CID 7742653. ...
"Pre 1846 Illustrations of a Patient Undergoing Surgery During General Anesthesia". Anesthesia & Analgesia. 116 (6): 1391-1392. ... Dote, K; Ikemune, K; Desaki, Y; Yorozuya, T; Makino, H (2015). "Mafutsuto-Ron: The First Anesthesia Textbook in the World. ... Bibliographic Review and English Translation". Journal of Anesthesia History. 1 (4): 102-110. doi:10.1016/j.janh.2015.10.005. ... Journal of Anesthesia History. 3 (1): 19-23. doi:10.1016/j.janh.2016.12.002. ISSN 2352-4529. PMID 28160985. ...
Kohrs, Rainer; Durieux, Marcel E. (1998). "Ketamine". Anesthesia & Analgesia. 87 (5): 1186-1193. doi:10.1213/00000539-199811000 ...
Cottrell, JE; Hartung, J. (2016). "Ketamine versus Special K: a double-edged sword". Anesthesia and Analgesia. 122 (3): 586. ... Anesthesia & Analgesia. 55 (1): 18-21. PMID 1108707. Dr. Cottrell and his partner, Joseph Lovett, began collecting art in the ... Anesthesia & Analgesia. 52 (12): 1078-1080. PMID 6650891. Cottrell, JE; Hartung, JE; Giffin, JP; Shwiry, B (1983). " ... Anesthesia and Analgesia. 87 (1): 68-71. doi:10.1097/00000539-199807000-00015. PMID 9661548. S2CID 542816. Amadeu, ME; ...
Epidural analgesia is a generally safe and effective method of relieving pain in labour, but has been associated with longer ... During a C section, the patient is usually numbed with an epidural or a spinal block, but general anesthesia can be used as ... Epidural analgesia has no statistically significant impact on the risk of caesarean section, and does not appear to have an ... Anim-Somuah M, Smyth RM, Cyna AM, Cuthbert A (May 2018). "Epidural versus non-epidural or no analgesia for pain management in ...
"Pharmacological characterization of noroxymorphone as a new opioid for spinal analgesia". Anesthesia and Analgesia. 106 (2): ... The drug was expressly designed to provide what the patent application and package insert referred to as "very deep analgesia ... Defalque RJ, Wright AJ (October 2003). "Scophedal (SEE) was it a fad or a miracle drug?". Bulletin of Anesthesia History. 21 (4 ... Davis PJ, Cladis FP (15 October 2016). Smith's Anesthesia for Infants and Children E-Book. Elsevier Health Sciences. pp. 234-. ...
Allergy Journal of Asthma Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica Anaesthesia Anesthesia & Analgesia Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia ... Korean Journal of Anesthesiology Pain Le Praticien en Anesthésie Réanimation Seminars in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia ...
... this was a holdover from the days when castration was performed without anesthesia and was thus far more stressful on the ... Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia 34.1:23-30. Hanrath, M., and Rodgerson, D.H. (2002). "Laparoscopic Cryptorchidectomy Using ...
The Military Advanced Regional Anesthesia and Analgesia Handbook. Rockville, Maryland: Defense & Veterans Pain Management ...
Lead implantation may take place under local anesthesia or under general anesthesia ("asleep DBS") such as for dystonia. A hole ... "Stimulation-induced analgesia". In Sykes N, Bennett MI & Yuan C-S (ed.). Clinical pain management: Cancer pain (2nd ed.). ... The installation of the IPG and extension leads occurs under general anesthesia. The right side of the brain is stimulated to ... During the awake procedure with local anesthesia, feedback from the person is used to determine the optimal placement of the ...
... anesthesia. Due to the higher risks associated with bulbar blocks, topical analgesia with mild sedation is becoming more common ... Rarely general anesthesia will be used, in patients with an inability to cooperate during surgery. An initial pocket is created ... A shield is applied to cover the eye until anesthesia has worn off (that also anesthetizes the optic nerve) and vision resumes ... This outpatient procedure was most commonly performed under monitored anesthesia care using a retrobulbar block or peribulbar ...
Pentobarbital is used as a hypnotic when analgesia is not required. It´s often used in CT imaging when sedation is needed. It ... Hans Selye demonstrated in the 1940 that certain pregnane steroids could cause both anesthesia and sedation but 40 years later ... at neuronal membranes could not only potentiate the L-838,417-induced analgesia but also rescue its analgesic potential at high ... "Enhancing neuronal chloride extrusion rescues α2/α3 GABAA-mediated analgesia in neuropathic pain". Nat. Commun. 11 (1): 869-92 ...
During an open appendectomy, the person with suspected appendicitis is placed under general anesthesia to keep the muscles ... Anderson M, Collins E (November 2008). "Analgesia for children with acute abdominal pain and diagnostic accuracy". Archives of ... Laparoscopic surgery requires general anesthesia, and it can last up to two hours. Laparoscopic appendectomy has several ... so his or her vital signs can be closely monitored to detect anesthesia- or surgery-related complications. Pain medication may ...
Anesthesia and Analgesia. 105 (6): 1787-1792, table of contents. doi:10.1213/01.ane.0000290339.76513.e3. ISSN 1526-7598. PMID ... Epidural analgesia may lead to serious neurological complications (epidural haematoma and abscess, with an incidence of one in ... Christie, I. W; McCabe, S. (2007-03-21). "Major complications of epidural analgesia after surgery: results of a six-year survey ... Besides, some patients might prefer an alternative to epidural analgesia because of epidural-related side effects. ...
... may refer to: Astronomy and Astrophysics, a scientific journal Anesthesia & Analgesia, a medical journal Several related ...
Anesthesia and Analgesia. 89 (3): 774-80. doi:10.1213/00000539-199909000-00047. PMID 10475324. (Articles with short description ...
Anesthesia and Analgesia. 121 (4): 1043-51. doi:10.1213/ANE.0000000000000861. PMID 26378704. S2CID 19333613. Eldridge SM, ...
In veterinary anesthesia, butorphanol (trade name: Torbugesic) is widely used as a sedative and analgesic in dogs, cats and ... ISBN 978-0-9548037-0-4. Sladky KK (2014). "Chapter 18: Analgesia". In Mader DR, Divers SJ (eds.). Current therapy in reptile ... It may also be used parenterally for management of moderate-to-severe pain, as a supplement for balanced general anesthesia, ... and dose-dependent analgesia and antianalgesia in patients with postoperative pain". Pain. 83 (2): 339-45. doi:10.1016/S0304- ...
Many dissociatives have general depressant effects and can produce sedation, respiratory depression, analgesia, anesthesia, and ...
Anesthesia and Analgesia. 64 (11): 1101-7. doi:10.1213/00000539-198511000-00012. PMID 3901821. Stambaugh JE, McAdams J ( ...
... anesthesia and analgesia E04 - surgical procedures, operative E05 - investigative techniques E06 - dentistry E07 - equipment ...
Anesthesia and Analgesia. 95 (2): 373-8, table of contents. doi:10.1097/00000539-200208000-00024. PMID 12145054. Cho HH, ... Anesthesia and Analgesia. 66 (7): 693-694. doi:10.1213/00000539-198707000-00026. PMID 2955719. Kawano DF, Ueta J, Sankarankutty ... Archived 17 June 2022 at the Wayback Machine Kaplan JM, Reich DL, Lake CL, Konstadt SN (15 May 2006). Cardiac Anesthesia (5th ... Mencía SB, López-Herce JC, Freddi N (May 2007). "Analgesia and sedation in children: practical approach for the most frequent ...
Anesthesia and Analgesia. 79 (6): 1043-8. doi:10.1213/00000539-199412000-00004. PMID 7978424. Koblin DD, Laster MJ, Ionescu P, ... Krantz JC, Loecher CK (1967). "Anesthesia LXX: effect of inert fluorinated agents on fluroxene and flurothyl". Anesthesia and ... Anesthesia and Analgesia. 88 (5): 1161-7. doi:10.1213/00000539-199905000-00036. PMID 10320188. Eger EI, Halsey MJ, Harris RA, ... Anesthesia and Analgesia. 60 (7): 464-70. doi:10.1213/00000539-198107000-00002. PMID 7195661. Wakamori M, Ikemoto Y, Akaike N ( ...
Episodic analgesia may occur under special circumstances, such as in the excitement of sport or war: a soldier on the ... Horlocker TT, Cousins MJ, Bridenbaugh PO, Carr DL (2008). Cousins and Bridenbaugh's Neural Blockade in Clinical Anesthesia and ... Selbst SM, Fein JA (2006). "Sedation and analgesia". In Henretig FM, Fleisher GR, Ludwig S (eds.). Textbook of pediatric ... Stevens B, Yamada J, Ohlsson A, Haliburton S, Shorkey A (July 2016). "Sucrose for analgesia in newborn infants undergoing ...
Smith MD, Kevin C; Stephen L Comite MD; Suprina Balasubramanian; Alan Carver MD; Judy F Liu (2004). "Vibration anesthesia: A ... "The Efficacy of Mechanical Vibration Analgesia for Relief of Heel Stick Pain in Neonates: A Novel Approach". Journal of ... The authors described use of the device to decrease discomfort before procedures including supplementing anesthesia with the ...
... produces postoperative analgesia in rats". Anesthesia and Analgesia. 105 (4): 1152-9, table of contents. doi:10.1213/01.ane. ... a new class of drugs for spinal anesthesia". Anesthesiology. 97 (1): 177-82. doi:10.1097/00000542-200207000-00025. PMID ...
Alon's fields of research and investigation are obstetric anesthesia, patient-controlled analgesia, regional anesthesia, and ... He was Editor of the European Journal of Pain, Acta Anaesthesiologica Helvetica, International Monitor of Regional Anesthesia, ... Obstetric Anesthesia Digest and Der Schmerz. Eli Alon lives in Zurich, Switzerland. He is married, has two children and four ...
Anesthesia and Analgesia. 71 (6): 610-7. doi:10.1213/00000539-199012000-00007. PMID 2240633. S2CID 13536219. Fagin J, Bradley J ... This makes a deeper level of anesthesia achievable more easily using anesthetic gases but can also make them more dangerous ... Anesthetic gases used for surgery, such as nitrous oxide or enflurane, are believed to induce anesthesia primarily by acting as ... In India, for general anesthesia purposes, nitrous oxide is available as Nitrous Oxide IP. India's gas cylinder rules (1985) ...
Anesthesia and Analgesia. 108 (3): 1008-14. doi:10.1213/ane.0b013e318193678f. PMID 19224817. S2CID 22569204. Masamune T, Sato H ... Anesthesia and Analgesia. 109 (1): 96-100. doi:10.1213/ane.0b013e3181a1a5ed. PMID 19439682. S2CID 44392251. Kuribayashi J, ...
Women often laboring in these hospitals will have epidurals or other forms of analgesia, if deemed necessary. Family members ... they are taught techniques in preparation for childbearing without the use of anesthesia. Techniques include education, ... with rates of pharmaceutical analgesia being higher in institutional births. This is further outlined in the section regarding ...
Anesthesia and Analgesia. 129 (4): 973-982. doi:10.1213/ANE.0000000000004216. PMID 31124840. Hodgkin MN, Pettitt TR, Martin A, ...
Thoracic epidural analgesia or paravertebral blockade have shown to be the most effective methods for post-thoracotomy pain ... However, contraindications to neuraxial anesthesia include hypovolemia, shock, increase in ICP, coagulopathy or ... Comparing thoracic epidural analgesia and paravertebral blockade, paravertebral blockade reduced the risks of developing minor ... Ökmen K (April 2019). "Efficacy of rhomboid intercostal block for analgesia after thoracotomy". Korean J Pain. 32 (2): 129-132 ...
Both local infiltration analgesia and peripheral nerve block anesthesia are used in the postop pain management of patients ... Local Infiltration Analgesia Versus Peripheral Nerve Block Anaesthesia in Total Knee Arthroplasty. A Pharmaco-economic ... The adductorial compartment was injected with 20 ml Prilocain 1% and a catheter was inserted for postoperative analgesia[10] ... Table 3. Material costs peripheral nerve block analgesia (PNBA) Material. Prices €/Unit. Units/Patient. ...
Neurosurgical Anesthesia; Obstetric Anesthesia; Pain Mechanisms; Pain Medicine; Pediatric Anesthesia; Regional Anesthesia; ... Analgesia is your gateway to everything that is happening in anesthesia and 14 related subspecialties: Analgesia; Ambulatory ... Backed by internationally-known authorities who serve on the Editorial Board and as Section Editors, Anesthesia & ... Anesthesia; Anesthetic Pharmacology; Cardiovascular Anesthesia; Critical Care and Trauma; Economics, Education, and Policy; ...
Tasha McNerney, BS, CVT, VTS (anesthesia and analgesia), is host of the Firstline series, Coffee on the Couch. Sick of being ... All ClinicalAnesthesiaAnimal WelfareBehaviorCardiologyCBD in PetsDentistryDermatologyDiabetesEmergency & Critical Care ... During anesthesia, trends in blood pressure must be monitored to develop a protocol and manage hypotension. ...
The intraoperative use of regional anesthesia has many advantages, including the following: Reduces blood loss: In total hip ... regional anesthesia techniques are used extensively to allow the performance of orthopedic procedures. ... arthroplasty (THA), studies have demonstrated that both spinal and epidural anesthesia tend to hav... ... Neuraxial Analgesia. Intrathecal analgesia. Intrathecal (IT), often referred to as "spinal," anesthesia refers to the delivery ...
Anesthesia & Analgesia, British Journal of Anesthesia, Anesthesia , and Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica ) were hand- ... Although epidural analgesia and anesthesia is generally safe, serious adverse events can occur. Because of the large number of ... Incidence of Epidural Hematoma, Infection, and Neurologic Injury in Obstetric Patients with Epidural Analgesia/Anesthesia ... Albright GA, Forster RM: The safety and efficacy of combined spinal and epidural analgesia/anesthesia (6,002 blocks) in a ...
Epidural gravity flow technique for labor analgesia Message subject: (Your Name) has forwarded a page to you from Regional ... Anesthesia & Pain Medicine Message body: (Your Name) thought you would like to see this page from the Regional Anesthesia & ... Copyright © 2022 BMJ Publishing Group Ltd & American Society for Regional Anesthesia & Pain Medicine. All rights reserved. ...
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2023 American College of Veterinary Anesthesia and Analgesia. All Rights reserved. Terms of Use. ... A complete in-house lab is also available to optimize efficiency for the anesthesia service. ... in addition to top of the line anesthesia machines (Draeger Apollo, GE Aestiva, Moduflex Optimax with Bain adapter). Attached ...
Radical cystectomy in frail octogenarians in thoracic continuous spinal anesthesia and analgesia: a pilot study. Therapeutic ... Radical cystectomy in frail octogenarians in thoracic continuous spinal anesthesia and analgesia : a pilot study. / Castellani ... Radical cystectomy in frail octogenarians in thoracic continuous spinal anesthesia and analgesia : a pilot study. In: ... title = "Radical cystectomy in frail octogenarians in thoracic continuous spinal anesthesia and analgesia: a pilot study", ...
... / International Anesthesia Research Society.-- Vol.36 (1957) -.-- Cleveland ISSN 0003-2999. ...
Anesthesia & Analgesia eJournal. Subscribe to this fee journal for more curated articles on this topic ...
An On-Board Inert Gas Generation (OBIGG) system is now mandatory for many civilian and military aircraft to prevent the buildup of explosive conditions in fuel tanks. Oxigraf provides a complete system for validating the performance of your OBIGG system. ... Read More ...
Analgesia and anesthesia are often confused for each other, but they are two distinct states. Here we understand the difference ... The main difference between Analgesia and Anesthesia is that Analgesia is a pain-free state without loss of consciousness, ... Side Effects of Analgesia Versus Anesthesia. Analgesics (NSAIDs and Opioids). Local Anesthetic. General Anesthetic. ... Indications for Anesthesia. Local anesthesia can be administered in various ways:. *Topically: As creams and sprays to numb the ...
Controversies in obstetric anesthesia and analgesia / Published: (2012) * Obstetric anesthesia / by: Palmer, Craig M.,, et al. ... Controversies in obstetric anesthesia and analgesia / Show other versions (1) The provision of anesthesia during childbirth ... still generates considerable debate; opinions vary widely within the obstetric anesthesia community over issues such as the ...
Buprenorphine Significantly Prolongs Postoperative Analgesia in Intravenous Regional Anesthesia.. Authors: Jitendra, Mukta. ... Buprenorphine Significantly Prolongs Postoperative Analgesia in Intravenous Regional Anesthesia. JK Science Journal of Medical ... Various parameters like onset and duration of sensory and motor blockade, degree of intra and postoperative analgesia, and ... significantly improves the postoperative analgesia and it also improved the onset of sensory block. Consumption of Diclofenac ...
Absolute contraindications to regional anesthesia (epidural, spinal, or combination) include the following: *Refractory ...
Anesthesia and analgesia · Jul 2010 Control chart monitoring of the numbers of cases waiting when anesthesiologists do not ... Anesthesia and analgesia. The most recent articles from: Anesth. Analg. July 2010 ... Anesthesia and analgesia · Jul 2010 Resiniferatoxin combined with antidepressants preferentially prolongs sensory/nociceptive ... An anesthesia group staffing agreement with a hospital often specifies the minimum number of operating rooms (ORs) to be ...
B. NICU Analgesia. 1. Clonidine prolongs spinal anesthesia in newborns: a prospective dose-ranging study. Anesth Analg. 2004 ... Anesthesia and analgesia for newborn circumcision. Obstet Gynecol Surv. 2001 Feb;56(2):114-7. ... A Randomized, Controlled Trial of Sucrose Analgesia for Children Less Than 90 Days of Age Undergoing Bladder Catheterization in ... 7. Stolik-Dollberg OC, Dollberg S. Bupivacaine Versus Lidocaine Analgesia for Neonatal Circumcision [abstract 2935]. In: ...
... professionalism and excellence in anesthesia care. The Veterinary Anesthesia arena is constantly evolving, thus, the attainment ... Certification as a VTS (Anesthesia and Analgesia) promotes patient safety, consumer protection, ... skills and experience needed to practice anesthesia at an advanced level of competency. Veterinary anesthesia is constantly ... by AVTAA have demonstrated a high degree of competency in the area of veterinary anesthesia and peri-operative analgesia. ...
Anesthesia Experts , 3102 Erika Ave , Sedalia,MO 65301 , (660) 596-2224. © Copyright 2022 Anesthesia Experts. All Rights ... "Our anesthesia department was a thorn in my side that kept me awake at night. Anesthesia Experts swept in and brought order to ... "Anesthesia Experts has provided consistent anesthesia providers who display a high degree of integrity, responsibility and ... "Even though they are physically located 1000 miles away Anesthesia Experts just does not provide great anesthesia coverage they ...
Topic: Anesthesia and Analgesia Surgery Questions?. If you have questions or comments about this document, contact ULAM ... AnesthesiaAnalgesia. Sedation. Central depression causing stupor where the animal is unaware of its surroundings but still ... This document has been designed by ULAM veterinary personnel as a guideline for sedation, anesthesia, and analgesiaof ... Fish Sedation, Anesthesia, Analgesia, and Euthanasia: Considerations, Methods, and Types of Drugs. ILAR. 2009, 50(4)343-360. ...
Copy For Citation ÖNDER G., BİGAT Z., BOZTUĞ UZ N., KARSLI B., ERTOK E. Euroanaesthesia 2005 (EJA), Vienna, Austria, 28 - 31 May 2005, pp.115 ...
title = "The Effect of Analgesia and Anesthesia on Postpartum Depression",. keywords = "Anesthesia, Neuraxial analgesia, ... The Effect of Analgesia and Anesthesia on Postpartum Depression. Advances in Anesthesia. editor / Laurence C. Torsher ; Richard ... The Effect of Analgesia and Anesthesia on Postpartum Depression. In Torsher LC, Dutton RP, McLoughlin TM, Salinas FV, editors, ... The Effect of Analgesia and Anesthesia on Postpartum Depression. Philip Heesen, Sharon Orbach-Zinger, Sophie Grigoriadis, ...
Military Advanced Regional Anesthesia and Analgesia Handbook. Second Edition. Chester Buckenmaier, Michael Kent, Jason Brookman ... Military Advanced Regional Anesthesia and Analgesia Handbook. Second Edition. Chester Buckenmaier, Michael Kent, Jason Brookman ...
Experimental Procedures B (Anesthesia, Analgesia, and Surgical Procedures). *Dr. Eric Troncy, Chair , Université de Montréal ...
irritation eyes, skin, respiratory system; confusion, drowsiness, dizziness, nausea, analgesia, anesthesia; cardiac arrhythmias ...
Results: Duration of analgesia was found to be significantly longer in the group given bupivacaine plus clonidine (mean 417.50 ... Analgesia was evaluated using objective pain scale (OPS) and sedation was assessed using Ramsay sedation scale (RSS). ... we examined the duration of post-operative analgesia in children when clonidine is added to bupivacaine in caudal anesthesia. ... Children were randomly divided into 2 groups in a double-blind fashion, and were given caudal anesthesia with 0.125% ...
Anesthesia and Analgesia 60(5): 297-301.. 13 Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA). [2000] Anesthetic gases: ...
... ... Coastal Pediatric Dental & Anesthesia. 6161 Kempsville Circle, Suite 345. Norfolk, VA 23502Phone: 757-963-0001. E-mail: [email protected] ... 2018 Coastal Pediatric Dental & Anesthesia. All Rights Reserved. Kids Dentist Norfolk • Kids Sedation Dentist Virginia Beach • ... Trademark Notice: The surfing tooth logo and "Coastal Pediatric Dental & Anesthesia" are registered federal trademarks of ...
  • Video summary covering three featured articles in the December 2022 issue of Anesthesia & Analgesia. (
  • 2022. Postoperative outcomes and anesthesia type in total knee arthroplasty in patients with obstructive sleep apnea. . (
  • 2022. Environmental and financial impact of replacing a daily emergency anesthesia set-up with a mobile emergency case cart. . (
  • 2022. Carbon Footprint of Anesthesia: Comment. . (
  • OpenAnesthesia™, sponsored by the International Anesthesia Research Society, is an online multimodal toolkit specifically designed to advance graduate medical education in anesthesia. (
  • Jean-Francois Pittet, M.D., professor in the Department of Anesthesiology, will take on the role of editor-in-chief of the flagship journal of the International Anesthesia Research Society, Anesthesia & Analgesia, in March 2016. (
  • The results of the study showed that in patients with bladder cancer the use of epidural anesthesia and analgesia and early parenteral nutrition helps maintain the number of main effectors of the cell-mediated immune response, namely, NK-lymphocytes and CTL. (
  • A total of 60 patients that received intestinal cancer surgery under combined general/epidural anesthesia were treated and evaluated in this study. (
  • For the control group patients, combined general/epidural anesthesia was administered during the operation, while morphine was administered for patient-controlled epidural analgesia after the operation. (
  • Patients who have epidural anesthesia have been shown to develop fewer perioperative deep vein thromboses (DVTs). (
  • Five journals (Anesthesiology, Anesthesia & Analgesia, British Journal of Anesthesia, Anesthesia , and Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica ) were hand-searched from mid-1999 to 2005. (
  • In anesthesiology, rapid and accurate the main applications of ultrasound in anes- diagnostic tools are for surgical emergen- thesia as airway evaluation, vascular access, cies, and ultrasound has become a neces- regional anesthesia, pulmonary ultrasound, sary and routine tool2. (
  • Intrathecal (IT), often referred to as "spinal," anesthesia refers to the delivery of anesthetic agents to the subarachnoid layer of the spinal column into cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) surrounding the spinal cord. (
  • IT opioids can be administered as an adjunct to general anesthesia (e.g., for scoliosis surgery) or combined with local anesthetics and administered during spinal anesthesia (e.g., for total hip arthroplasty). (
  • The advantages of IT opioids for analgesia, especially if spinal anesthesia is already planned, include its simplicity, lack of need for catheter care or pumps, low cost, and easy supplementation with low-dose patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) opioids as needed. (
  • Continuous spinal anesthesia (CSA) may be an alternative solution to reduce postoperative morbidity in elderly. (
  • A case report of incidental finding of meningioma after spinal anaesthsia has been reported[ 14 ].Case reports of intracranial meningioma presenting after general anaesthesia are also reported.These patients were either asymptomatic or so subtly symptomatic that no suspicion of intracranial tumor had been entertained preoperatively .Each patient presented with failure to wake up after routine general anesthesia for a nonneurosurgical procedure[ 8 16 ]. (
  • Possible regional anesthesia techniques include epidural analgesia, spinal analgesia (sometimes referred to as the intrathecal or subarachnoid space), or a combination of epidural and spinal analgesia. (
  • In obstetric patients, regional analgesia refers to partial or complete loss of pain sensation below the T8 to T10 spinal level. (
  • Regional anesthesia is contraindicated in the presence of actual or anticipated serious maternal hemorrhage , refractory maternal hypotension, coagulopathy, untreated bacteremia , raised intracranial pressure, skin or soft tissue infection at the site of the epidural or spinal placement, and anticoagulant therapy. (
  • This document has been designed by ULAM veterinary personnel as a guideline for sedation , anesthesia , and analgesia of laboratory fish. (
  • Analgesia was evaluated using objective pain scale (OPS) and sedation was assessed using Ramsay sedation scale (RSS). (
  • Our office offers our patients the option of Intravenous Sedation or Dental Intravenous Anesthesia or to some it is referred to as "Twilight Sedation" for their dental treatment. (
  • The adductorial compartment was injected with 20 ml Prilocain 1% and a catheter was inserted for postoperative analgesia [ 10 ] via a patient controlled analgesia (PCA) system. (
  • Ismail S, Afshan G, Monem A, Ahmed A. Postoperative analgesia following caesarean section: intravenous patient controlled analgesia versus conventional continuous infusion. (
  • Patient-controlled analgesia versus continuous infusion. (
  • Correspondence: Address correspondence to Dr. Maze: Department of Anesthesia and Perioperative Care, University of California, San Francisco, 521 Parnassus Avenue, Box 0648, San Francisco, California 94143-0648. (
  • Zynrelef is specifically indicated in adults for soft tissue or periarticular instillation to produce postsurgical analgesia for up to 72 hours after bunionectomy, open inguinal herniorrhaphy, and total knee arthroplasty. (
  • IMSEAR at SEARO: Buprenorphine Significantly Prolongs Postoperative Analgesia in Intravenous Regional Anesthesia. (
  • Forty-six patients undergoing general sevoflurane inhalation anesthesia combined with intravenous fentanyl were divided into two groups. (
  • Low-dose intravenous (IV) ketamine infusion has been considered to be an effective postoperative analgesia and resurged again as a substitute of opioid analgesics. (
  • Ijichi K, Nijima K, Iwagaki T, Irie J, Uratsuji Y. A randomized double-blind comparison of epidural versus intravenous tramadol infusion for postoperative analgesia. (
  • Analgesia is provided through continuation of the intraoperative epidural, patient-controlled intravenous analgesia, or oral analgesia. (
  • Background: Radical cystectomy (RC) is the gold standard therapy in nonmetastatic muscle-invasive bladder cancer and is usually performed under general anesthesia (GA). GA is high risk in most older patients due to comorbidities. (
  • Morton contacted Harvard Medical School surgeon Henry Bigelow, and together they organized what would become known as the first public demonstration of surgery performed under general anesthesia. (
  • Various regional analgesia techniques exist that can be used to promote postoperative pain relief. (
  • Obstetric anesthesia clinic childbirth course combined with labor epidural analgesia is associated with a decreased risk of postpartum depression : a prospective cohort study. (
  • In this paper , an investigation was conducted to see if obstetric anesthesia clinic childbirth course combined with labor epidural analgesia (LEA) was associated with a decreased risk of PPD . (
  • Current role of dexmedetomidine in clinical anesthesia and intensive care. (
  • All cats were sedated with dexmedetomidine and anesthesia was induced with propofol and maintained with isoflurane. (
  • Addition of buprenorphine as an adjuvant in 0.5% preservative free lidocaine(40 ml volume) significantly improves the postoperative analgesia and it also improved the onset of sensory block. (
  • Alkalinization of mepivacaine and lidocaine with sodium bicarbonate results in faster time to onset of anesthesia. (
  • To evaluate the efficacy of lidocaine local analgesia on maternal pain reduction during amniocentesis. (
  • The hypothesis is that the lidocaine administration will correlate with better maternal analgesia than the control treatment during amniocentesis. (
  • The search approach comprised (amniocentesis OR amniocenteses) AND (anesthesia OR "local anesthesia" OR lidocaine OR xylocaine OR EMLA OR "lidocaine-prilocaine" OR lignocaine OR prilocaine OR dalcaine OR xylocitin OR xylesthesin OR xyloneural OR "2-2EtN-2MePhAcN" OR otocaine). (
  • The inclusion criteria comprised ( a ) patients: Females undergoing amniocentesis, ( b ) intervention: Local analgesia using lidocaine, ( c ) comparison: Placebo or no treatment, ( d ) outcome: Pain perception, ( e ) study design: RCTs. (
  • Rescue analgesia was given to 67% (10/15) of the cats in each group.Conclusion: The administration of lidocaine at ST-36 and SP-6 acupuncture points did not provide significant perioperative analgesic benefits in healthy cats undergoing ovariohysterectomy. (
  • Local anesthesia can be performed by a ring block around the teat, supplemented with infusion of lidocaine into the teat. (
  • That, according to their species, they are properly maintained in a proper setting, and to ensure that, if there is ever a need for a surgical procedure, that it is justified and that appropriate analgesia and anesthesia are provided. (
  • All patients received postoperative analgesia following a standardised protocol of opioids (tilidine/naloxone retard), dipyrone and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs, i.e. ibuprofen). (
  • High-resolution solid-state manometry of the upper and lower esophageal sphincters during anesthesia induction: a comparison between obese and non-obese patients. (
  • The effects of increased intra-abdominal pressure during anesthesia on the lower esophageal sphincter and the upper esophageal sphincter in obese patients are unknown. (
  • In the present study we evaluated, with high-resolution solid-state manometry, the upper esophageal sphincter, lower esophageal sphincter, and barrier pressure (BrP) (lower esophageal pressure--gastric pressure) in obese patients during anesthesia induction and compared them with pressures in non-obese patients. (
  • Lower esophageal sphincter and BrPs decreased in both obese and non-obese patients during anesthesia induction, but were significantly lower in obese patients. (
  • Furthermore, more obese patients were dissatisfied with their anesthesia. (
  • General anesthesia may be needed for pediatric patients. (
  • The purpose of our study was to study the relationship between the choice of anesthesia, nutritional status of patients with locally advanced metastatic bladder cancer and changes in some immunological parameters in the early postoperative period. (
  • Patients of the first group also were administered epidural analgesia and parenteral nutrition in the early postoperative period (from the first day) was prescribed. (
  • The use of the epidural block in combination with general anesthesia for radical cystectomy and early onset of parenteral nutrition contribute to a lesser load on the patient's immune state, a reduction in complications in the postoperative period, an early preservation of nutritional status, and a reduction in the duration of treatment of patients with advanced bladder cancer. (
  • More recently, direct observation of the raw EEG signals and their breakdown in time by frequencies, the spectrogram, is gaining traction for monitoring patients during general anesthesia. (
  • Patients receiving both epidural morphine analgesia and scalp acupuncture in a combined pain management protocol after completion of intestinal cancer surgery showed significant improvements in visual analog scale (VAS) scores and Bruggman comfort scale (BCS) scores. (
  • Laboring patients must be educated about the different available methods of labor analgesia. (
  • Analgesia is indicated for patients with certain risk factors even in the absence of maternal request. (
  • This is to help minimize the need for emergency anesthesia in patients for whom such anesthesia would be especially hazardous. (
  • Also indicated for patients with medical conditions such as heart disease or lung disease who require general anesthesia. (
  • in the immediate assessment of life- was described in the 1950s, it remained threatening cardiopulmonary or circulatory an experimental tool until the early 1970s, dysfunction in patients in operating rooms, when it was used to detect ascites in post-anesthesia recovery units, and the cadavers and splenic hematomas1. (
  • Specific recommendations have been formulated for pregnant women, patients requiring surgery while receiving long-term oral anticoagulant treatment, and patients undergoing regional anesthesia and/or analgesia. (
  • 2021. Environmental report cards in anesthesia care: A quality metric for patients, providers and institutions. . (
  • The aim of this meta-analysis was to estimate the incidence of rare but serious problems occurring with epidural analgesia in obstetric practice, namely epidural hematoma, epidural infection, and persistent and transient neurologic injuries. (
  • The AVTAA's goal in certifying credentialed veterinary technicians/veterinary nurses is to assure the veterinary profession and the public that an AVTAA certified technician/nurse possesses the knowledge, skills and experience needed to practice anesthesia at an advanced level of competency. (
  • Additional topics within clinical anesthesia practice have become the subject of guidelines issued by the leading U.K. organization of anesthesiologists. (
  • pain medicine, regional anesthesia, and interventional analgesia during the last decade and is even the standard of practice. (
  • Regional anesthesia is used extensively for various purposes, including as a primary anesthetic technique for surgery, as an analgesic modality to manage pain in the perioperative period, and as an analgesic modality for various other forms of acute and/or chronic pain. (
  • This article will focus on the use of regional anesthesia as a postoperative analgesic technique for orthopedic surgery. (
  • Anesthesia and postoperative analgesia in upper extremity and shoulder surgery. (
  • Correction: Analgesia and anesthesia using the pericapsular nerve group block in hip surgery and hip fracture: a scoping review. (
  • Palonosetron could provide effective prophylactic antiemetic control to prevent postoperative nausea and vomiting after middle ear surgery under general anesthesia. (
  • B efore the advent of general anesthesia in the mid-19th century, surgery was a traumatic experience for everyone involved-the patient, of course, but also the medical staff and anyone who happened to walk by the surgery room and could hear the screams. (
  • Researchers conclude that acupuncture increases the effectiveness of epidural morphine analgesia for the relief of pain after intestinal cancer surgery. (
  • Local anesthetic is used in conjunction with the other methods of anesthesia in all oral surgery procedures. (
  • Usual Indications General anesthesia is available for all types of oral surgery. (
  • Description of Technique A patient is admitted to a hospital or surgery center where anesthesia is administered by an anesthesiologist. (
  • If you have any concerns regarding the type of anesthesia that will be administered during your oral surgery procedure, please do not hesitate to discuss your concerns with your doctor at the time of your consultation. (
  • General anesthesia is available for all types of oral surgery. (
  • Opioids administered to the IT space can offer effective postoperative analgesia. (
  • Only opioids could be used for labor analgesia in these situations, as they do not decrease systemic vascular resistance. (
  • The researchers note that "scalp acupuncture can serve as a preemptive analgesia technique and increase effectiveness of epidural morphine analgesia. (
  • Helmy N, Badawy AA, Hussein M, Reda H. Comparison of the preemptive analgesia of low dose ketamine versus magnesium sulfate on parturient undergoing cesarean section under general anesthesia. (
  • 2020. Acute cortisol and behavior of dairy goat kids administered local anesthesia, topical anesthesia or systemic analgesia prior to cautery disbudding. (
  • 2020. Letter to the Editor on "Rapid Recovery After Total Joint Arthroplasty Using General Anesthesia". . (
  • Materials and methods: This prospective study was conducted on 150 parturients with American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) grades I and II, aged 18 to 35 years scheduled to undergo elective or emergency cesarean section under regional anesthesia. (
  • Post-cesarean delivery analgesia. (
  • EXPAREL is indicated for single-dose infiltration in adults to produce postsurgical local analgesia and as an interscalene brachial plexus nerve block to produce postsurgical regional analgesia. (
  • Zynrelef is also approved for use in adults for soft tissue or periarticular instillation to produce postsurgical analgesia for up to 72 hours after foot and ankle, small-to-medium open abdominal, and lower extremity total joint arthroplasty surgical procedures. (
  • For IT morphine, the onset of analgesia is 30-60 minutes, and the duration of analgesia is 18-24 hours, depending on the dose. (
  • Various parameters like onset and duration of sensory and motor blockade, degree of intra and postoperative analgesia, and requirement of the postoperative analgesia and occurrence of any complications was noted. (
  • The book addresses the onset of pain, the cause of the pain, and the administration of analgesia or anesthesia. (
  • Childbirth preparation and nonpharmacologic analgesia. (
  • The parturients were divided into 4 groups, with Group C being the control group , Group AC received the obstetric anesthesia clinic childbirth course only, Group LEA received LEA only, and Group AC + LEA received both the obstetric anesthesia clinic childbirth course and LEA. (
  • Multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to assess the association between obstetric anesthesia clinic childbirth course combined with LEA and postpartum depression . (
  • Received an anesthesia clinic childbirth course combined with LEA was associated with a decreased risk of PPD (OR 0.273, 95% CI, 0.100-0.743, P = 0.013). (
  • Received an obstetrics anesthesia clinic childbirth course combined with LEA for nulliparous women with a single term cephalic pregnancy was associated with a decreased risk of PPD at 6 weeks. (
  • Surgical anesthesia, postoperative analgesia, and palliative measures for acute painful conditions are all indications for radial nerve block. (
  • Pre-emptive analgesia is a treatment whereby a preoperative analgesic regimen is introduced to reduce noxious stimuli in the surgical process. (
  • The method of anesthesia that is chosen for or by a patient depends upon the nature of the surgical procedure and the patient's level of apprehension. (
  • General anesthesia may be necessary if local anesthesia fails to anesthetize the surgical site which often occurs in the presence of infection. (
  • The examiner observes an actual surgical procedure during which general anesthesia is administered to the patient. (
  • The examiner also inspects all monitoring devices and emergency equipment and tests the doctor and the surgical staff on anesthesia related emergencies. (
  • This narrative review describes the main applications of de la ultrasonografía en ultrasound in anesthesia, ultrasound-guided techniques, and current trends in the perioperative anesthetic management of anestesia the surgical patient. (
  • Postoperative analgesia was achieved through the intrathecal catheter, using continuous delivery of levo-bupivacaine 60 mg plus fentanyl 75 µg in 72 hours. (
  • The following table illustrates the choices of anesthesia, a description of the anesthetic technique, and the usual indications for that technique. (
  • Regional anesthesia can reduce operative anesthetic requirements and in some cases allow avoidance of general anesthesia altogether. (
  • This can be beneficial to a variety of patient populations, including those at risk for cognitive dysfunction after general anesthesia. (
  • One can be awakened from a sleep state, whereas someone under general anesthesia has to be monitored carefully for a few hours and recovers only after the effect of the anesthetic agent wears off. (
  • Because general anesthesia was such a game changer in medicine, these drugs were implemented in the operating room many decades before researchers understood how they worked. (
  • By tracking brain activity during general anesthesia, researchers are also uncovering a wealth of new information that helps them understand the biological basics of how brain function is altered in an anesthetized state. (
  • In addition, general anesthesia has provided new options to treat a range of ailments, from sleep problems to depression. (
  • A patient may choose general anesthesia for simple procedures depending on their level of anxiety. (
  • Most people having their wisdom teeth removed or having a dental implant placed will choose general anesthesia. (
  • To administer general anesthesia in the office, an oral surgeon must have completed at least three months of hospital based anesthesia training. (
  • If the examiner reports successful completion of the evaluation process, the state dental board will issue the doctor a license to perform general anesthesia. (
  • 3 , 5 , - , 15 Allogeneic blood transfusion, not uncommon in large abdominal procedures, is also widely recognized as immunosuppressive, as are general anesthesia 16 , - , 19 and opioid analgesics. (
  • TKA may be performed with the patient under regional or general anesthesia. (
  • Which of these is used depends partly on the medical condition of the patient, though cardiovascular outcomes, cognitive function, and mortality rates associated with regional and general anesthesia have not been proved to be significantly different. (
  • In general, the progression of anesthesia is related to the diameter, myelination, and conduction velocity of affected nerve fibers. (
  • Regional anesthesia refers to the focused delivery of anesthetic agent(s) to a given part of the body. (
  • The use of perioperative regional anesthesia has many possible advantages. (
  • [ 2 , 3 ] In addition, in certain operations, such as total hip arthroplasty (THA), the use of regional anesthesia may be associated with certain positive trends such as reduced blood loss and reduced rates of deep vein thrombosis (DVT). (
  • Your Name ) thought you would like to see this page from the Regional Anesthesia & Pain Medicine web site. (
  • Obesity has been associated with an increased failure rate in regional anesthesia, but specific block techniques have not been evaluated. (
  • Of these, neuroaxial or regional analgesia has become the most popular method. (
  • Approximately 60% of laboring women (2.4 million each year) choose regional analgesia for pain relief during labor. (
  • Besides providing analgesia in labor, regional analgesia may facilitate atraumatic vaginal delivery of twins, preterm neonates, and neonates with breech presentation. (
  • Regional analgesia is also contraindicated in cases of patient refusal or inadequate practitioner training and experience. (
  • As exacerbation of neurological diseases might be attributed without cause to the anesthetic agent, many clinicians avoid regional anesthesia in its presence. (
  • Other maternal conditions such as aortic stenosis , pulmonary hypertension , or right-to-left shunts are also relative contraindications to the use of regional analgesia. (
  • El uso de ecografía ha entrado en el campo de la medicina del dolor, anestesia regional y del bibliographic search, data intervencionismo analgésico durante la última década, e incluso es el estándar de la práctica, por tanto, la capacitación y analysis, writing, revision and un adecuado aprendizaje en la ecografía deben ser parte del plan de estudios de cualquier programa de anestesiología. (
  • The main difference between Analgesia and Anesthesia is that Analgesia is a pain-free state without loss of consciousness, whereas anesthesia is a state achieved when there is a loss of touch, pain, and temperature sensations with or without loss of consciousness. (
  • Local anesthesia is preferred for minor surgeries where the pain is tolerable, and the patient is calm. (
  • Introduction Epidural analgesia is the preferred method to manage pain during labor and delivery. (
  • Conclusion: We concluded that low-dose IV ketamine infusion was associated with significantly lower pain scores, reduced rescue analgesic requirement along with better patient satisfaction so that it could be used as a useful adjunct to multimodal postoperative analgesia. (
  • 11651 ='Nailbiting' 11652 ='Thumbsucking' 12000 ='Abnormal involuntary movements' 12050 ='Convulsions' 12070 ='Symptoms of head, NEC' 12100 ='Headache, pain in head' 12150 ='Memory, disturbances of' 12200 ='Disturbances of sensation' 12201 ='Loss of feeling (anesthesia)' 12202 ='Increased sensation (hyperesthesia)' 12203 ='Abnormal sensation (paresthesia)' 12204 ='Other disturbances of sense, includin. (
  • We offer state-of-the-art equipment (dedicated multi-parameter monitors including invasive pressure monitoring, nerve stimulator, dedicated ultrasound machine) in addition to top of the line anesthesia machines (Draeger Apollo, GE Aestiva, Moduflex Optimax with Bain adapter). (
  • Ultrasound allows the anesthesiologist toring, and POCUS in anesthesia. (
  • Conclusions: We concluded that addition of clonidine to bupivacaine prolongs the duration of post-operative analgesia without any respiratory or hemodynamic side-effects. (
  • Local anesthetic injections are used to cause analgesia in the painful muscles while a patient completes physical therapy. (
  • Local anesthesia (pudendal block) is a numbing medicine that your provider injects into your vagina and rectal areas when you are close to delivery. (
  • This therapy usually involves local anesthesia and may be completed in one or more visits depending on the treatment required. (
  • We use local anesthesia to eliminate discomfort. (
  • Interrupción de las vías simpáticas, por inyección local de un agente anestésico, en cualquiera de cuatro niveles: bloqueo del nervio periférico, bloqueo del ganglio simpático, bloqueo extradural y bloqueo subaracnoideo. (
  • All animals recovering from anesthesia must be monitored continuously for any potential complications. (
  • Objectives: In this study we examined the duration of post-operative analgesia in children when clonidine is added to bupivacaine in caudal anesthesia. (
  • Children were randomly divided into 2 groups in a double-blind fashion, and were given caudal anesthesia with 0.125% bupivacaine (1ml/kg) alone or b bupivacaine plus 2 µg/kg clonidine. (
  • Addition of Clonidine in Caudal Anesthesia in Children Increases Duration of Post-Operative Analgesia', Trauma Monthly , 16(4), pp. 170-174. (
  • Guangdong Provincial Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine researchers combined scalp acupuncture with epidural morphine analgesia in a controlled clinical trial. (
  • 4] In the Guangdong Provincial Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine study, acupuncture increases the effectiveness of epidural morphine analgesia by improving VAS and BCS scores and facilitates the postoperative recovery of gastrointestinal function. (
  • note, "The addition of acupuncture therapy to epidural morphine analgesia in a clinical setting can reduce the total dosage of morphine and correspondingly eliminate the medication-induced side effect rate. (
  • Morphine/meloxicam was administered as rescue analgesia. (
  • Results: Duration of analgesia was found to be significantly longer in the group given bupivacaine plus clonidine (mean 417.50 min vs. 162.00 min). (