Relief of PAIN, without loss of CONSCIOUSNESS, through ANALGESIC AGENTS administered by the patients. It has been used successfully to control POSTOPERATIVE PAIN, during OBSTETRIC LABOR, after BURNS, and in TERMINAL CARE. The choice of agent, dose, and lockout interval greatly influence effectiveness. The potential for overdose can be minimized by combining small bolus doses with a mandatory interval between successive doses (lockout interval).
Drugs that block nerve conduction when applied locally to nerve tissue in appropriate concentrations. They act on any part of the nervous system and on every type of nerve fiber. In contact with a nerve trunk, these anesthetics can cause both sensory and motor paralysis in the innervated area. Their action is completely reversible. (From Gilman AG, et. al., Goodman and Gilman's The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics, 8th ed) Nearly all local anesthetics act by reducing the tendency of voltage-dependent sodium channels to activate.
Anesthesia Recovery Period
Ultrashort-acting anesthetics that are used for induction. Loss of consciousness is rapid and induction is pleasant, but there is no muscle relaxation and reflexes frequently are not reduced adequately. Repeated administration results in accumulation and prolongs the recovery time. Since these agents have little if any analgesic activity, they are seldom used alone except in brief minor procedures. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual, 1994, p174)
Gases or volatile liquids that vary in the rate at which they induce anesthesia; potency; the degree of circulation, respiratory, or neuromuscular depression they produce; and analgesic effects. Inhalation anesthetics have advantages over intravenous agents in that the depth of anesthesia can be changed rapidly by altering the inhaled concentration. Because of their rapid elimination, any postoperative respiratory depression is of relatively short duration. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual, 1994, p173)
An intravenous anesthetic agent which has the advantage of a very rapid onset after infusion or bolus injection plus a very short recovery period of a couple of minutes. (From Smith and Reynard, Textbook of Pharmacology, 1992, 1st ed, p206). Propofol has been used as ANTICONVULSANTS and ANTIEMETICS.
Analgesia produced by the insertion of ACUPUNCTURE needles at certain ACUPUNCTURE POINTS on the body. This activates small myelinated nerve fibers in the muscle which transmit impulses to the spinal cord and then activate three centers - the spinal cord, midbrain and pituitary/hypothalamus - to produce analgesia.
Ambulatory Surgical Procedures
A nonflammable, halogenated, hydrocarbon anesthetic that provides relatively rapid induction with little or no excitement. Analgesia may not be adequate. NITROUS OXIDE is often given concomitantly. Because halothane may not produce sufficient muscle relaxation, supplemental neuromuscular blocking agents may be required. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual, 1994, p178)
Anesthesia and Analgesia
Intravenous anesthetics that induce a state of sedation, immobility, amnesia, and marked analgesia. Subjects may experience a strong feeling of dissociation from the environment. The condition produced is similar to NEUROLEPTANALGESIA, but is brought about by the administration of a single drug. (From Gilman et al., Goodman and Gilman's The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics, 8th ed)
Hypnotics and Sedatives
A short-acting opioid anesthetic and analgesic derivative of FENTANYL. It produces an early peak analgesic effect and fast recovery of consciousness. Alfentanil is effective as an anesthetic during surgery, for supplementation of analgesia during surgical procedures, and as an analgesic for critically ill patients.
Inhalation anesthesia where the gases exhaled by the patient are rebreathed as some carbon dioxide is simultaneously removed and anesthetic gas and oxygen are added so that no anesthetic escapes into the room. Closed-circuit anesthesia is used especially with explosive anesthetics to prevent fires where electrical sparking from instruments is possible.
A local anesthetic that is chemically related to BUPIVACAINE but pharmacologically related to LIDOCAINE. It is indicated for infiltration, nerve block, and epidural anesthesia. Mepivacaine is effective topically only in large doses and therefore should not be used by this route. (From AMA Drug Evaluations, 1994, p168)
Agents that induce various degrees of analgesia; depression of consciousness, circulation, and respiration; relaxation of skeletal muscle; reduction of reflex activity; and amnesia. There are two types of general anesthetics, inhalation and intravenous. With either type, the arterial concentration of drug required to induce anesthesia varies with the condition of the patient, the desired depth of anesthesia, and the concomitant use of other drugs. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual, 1994, p.173)
Anesthesia Department, Hospital
A short-acting barbiturate that is effective as a sedative and hypnotic (but not as an anti-anxiety) agent and is usually given orally. It is prescribed more frequently for sleep induction than for sedation but, like similar agents, may lose its effectiveness by the second week of continued administration. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual, 1994, p236)
A short-acting hypnotic-sedative drug with anxiolytic and amnestic properties. It is used in dentistry, cardiac surgery, endoscopic procedures, as preanesthetic medication, and as an adjunct to local anesthesia. The short duration and cardiorespiratory stability makes it useful in poor-risk, elderly, and cardiac patients. It is water-soluble at pH less than 4 and lipid-soluble at physiological pH.
Progressive diminution of the susceptibility of a human or animal to the effects of a drug, resulting from its continued administration. It should be differentiated from DRUG RESISTANCE wherein an organism, disease, or tissue fails to respond to the intended effectiveness of a chemical or drug. It should also be differentiated from MAXIMUM TOLERATED DOSE and NO-OBSERVED-ADVERSE-EFFECT LEVEL.
The large network of nerve fibers which distributes the innervation of the upper extremity. The brachial plexus extends from the neck into the axilla. In humans, the nerves of the plexus usually originate from the lower cervical and the first thoracic spinal cord segments (C5-C8 and T1), but variations are not uncommon.
Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
Receptors, Opioid, mu
Labor Stage, First
Surgical Procedures, Minor
Surgical Procedures, Operative
Cell membrane proteins that bind opioids and trigger intracellular changes which influence the behavior of cells. The endogenous ligands for opioid receptors in mammals include three families of peptides, the enkephalins, endorphins, and dynorphins. The receptor classes include mu, delta, and kappa receptors. Sigma receptors bind several psychoactive substances, including certain opioids, but their endogenous ligands are not known.
The act of breathing with the LUNGS, consisting of INHALATION, or the taking into the lungs of the ambient air, and of EXHALATION, or the expelling of the modified air which contains more CARBON DIOXIDE than the air taken in (Blakiston's Gould Medical Dictionary, 4th ed.). This does not include tissue respiration (= OXYGEN CONSUMPTION) or cell respiration (= CELL RESPIRATION).
A butyrophenone with general properties similar to those of HALOPERIDOL. It is used in conjunction with an opioid analgesic such as FENTANYL to maintain the patient in a calm state of neuroleptanalgesia with indifference to surroundings but still able to cooperate with the surgeon. It is also used as a premedicant, as an antiemetic, and for the control of agitation in acute psychoses. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 29th ed, p593)
An abdominal hernia with an external bulge in the GROIN region. It can be classified by the location of herniation. Indirect inguinal hernias occur through the internal inguinal ring. Direct inguinal hernias occur through defects in the ABDOMINAL WALL (transversalis fascia) in Hesselbach's triangle. The former type is commonly seen in children and young adults; the latter in adults.
Neuromuscular Nondepolarizing Agents
Drugs that interrupt transmission at the skeletal neuromuscular junction without causing depolarization of the motor end plate. They prevent acetylcholine from triggering muscle contraction and are used as muscle relaxants during electroshock treatments, in convulsive states, and as anesthesia adjuvants.
The active sympathomimetic hormone from the ADRENAL MEDULLA. It stimulates both the alpha- and beta- adrenergic systems, causes systemic VASOCONSTRICTION and gastrointestinal relaxation, stimulates the HEART, and dilates BRONCHI and cerebral vessels. It is used in ASTHMA and CARDIAC FAILURE and to delay absorption of local ANESTHETICS.
Neuromuscular Blocking Agents
Drugs that interrupt transmission of nerve impulses at the skeletal neuromuscular junction. They can be of two types, competitive, stabilizing blockers (NEUROMUSCULAR NONDEPOLARIZING AGENTS) or noncompetitive, depolarizing agents (NEUROMUSCULAR DEPOLARIZING AGENTS). Both prevent acetylcholine from triggering the muscle contraction and they are used as anesthesia adjuvants, as relaxants during electroshock, in convulsive states, etc.
Drug Administration Schedule
The endogenous peptides with opiate-like activity. The three major classes currently recognized are the ENKEPHALINS, the DYNORPHINS, and the ENDORPHINS. Each of these families derives from different precursors, proenkephalin, prodynorphin, and PRO-OPIOMELANOCORTIN, respectively. There are also at least three classes of OPIOID RECEPTORS, but the peptide families do not map to the receptors in a simple way.
The intentional interruption of transmission at the NEUROMUSCULAR JUNCTION by external agents, usually neuromuscular blocking agents. It is distinguished from NERVE BLOCK in which nerve conduction (NEURAL CONDUCTION) is interrupted rather than neuromuscular transmission. Neuromuscular blockade is commonly used to produce MUSCLE RELAXATION as an adjunct to anesthesia during surgery and other medical procedures. It is also often used as an experimental manipulation in basic research. It is not strictly speaking anesthesia but is grouped here with anesthetic techniques. The failure of neuromuscular transmission as a result of pathological processes is not included here.
A method, developed by Dr. Virginia Apgar, to evaluate a newborn's adjustment to extrauterine life. Five items - heart rate, respiratory effort, muscle tone, reflex irritability, and color - are evaluated 60 seconds after birth and again five minutes later on a scale from 0-2, 0 being the lowest, 2 being normal. The five numbers are added for the Apgar score. A score of 0-3 represents severe distress, 4-7 indicates moderate distress, and a score of 7-10 predicts an absence of difficulty in adjusting to extrauterine life.
A type of oropharyngeal airway that provides an alternative to endotracheal intubation and standard mask anesthesia in certain patients. It is introduced into the hypopharynx to form a seal around the larynx thus permitting spontaneous or positive pressure ventilation without penetration of the larynx or esophagus. It is used in place of a facemask in routine anesthesia. The advantages over standard mask anesthesia are better airway control, minimal anesthetic gas leakage, a secure airway during patient transport to the recovery area, and minimal postoperative problems.
A phenethylamine found in EPHEDRA SINICA. PSEUDOEPHEDRINE is an isomer. It is an alpha- and beta-adrenergic agonist that may also enhance release of norepinephrine. It has been used for asthma, heart failure, rhinitis, and urinary incontinence, and for its central nervous system stimulatory effects in the treatment of narcolepsy and depression. It has become less extensively used with the advent of more selective agonists.
Fluid propulsion systems driven mechanically, electrically, or osmotically that are used to inject (or infuse) over time agents into a patient or experimental animal; used routinely in hospitals to maintain a patent intravenous line, to administer antineoplastic agents and other drugs in thromboembolism, heart disease, diabetes mellitus (INSULIN INFUSION SYSTEMS is also available), and other disorders.
Obstetric Labor Complications
Peripheral AFFERENT NEURONS which are sensitive to injuries or pain, usually caused by extreme thermal exposures, mechanical forces, or other noxious stimuli. Their cell bodies reside in the DORSAL ROOT GANGLIA. Their peripheral terminals (NERVE ENDINGS) innervate target tissues and transduce noxious stimuli via axons to the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM.
Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal
Anti-inflammatory agents that are non-steroidal in nature. In addition to anti-inflammatory actions, they have analgesic, antipyretic, and platelet-inhibitory actions.They act by blocking the synthesis of prostaglandins by inhibiting cyclooxygenase, which converts arachidonic acid to cyclic endoperoxides, precursors of prostaglandins. Inhibition of prostaglandin synthesis accounts for their analgesic, antipyretic, and platelet-inhibitory actions; other mechanisms may contribute to their anti-inflammatory effects.
A quaternary skeletal muscle relaxant usually used in the form of its bromide, chloride, or iodide. It is a depolarizing relaxant, acting in about 30 seconds and with a duration of effect averaging three to five minutes. Succinylcholine is used in surgical, anesthetic, and other procedures in which a brief period of muscle relaxation is called for.
A network of nerve fibers originating in the upper four CERVICAL SPINAL CORD segments. The cervical plexus distributes cutaneous nerves to parts of the neck, shoulders, and back of the head. It also distributes motor fibers to muscles of the cervical SPINAL COLUMN, infrahyoid muscles, and the DIAPHRAGM.
Care given during the period prior to undergoing surgery when psychological and physical preparations are made according to the special needs of the individual patient. This period spans the time between admission to the hospital to the time the surgery begins. (From Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
Autonomic Nerve Block
The air-dried exudate from the unripe seed capsule of the opium poppy, Papaver somniferum, or its variant, P. album. It contains a number of alkaloids, but only a few - MORPHINE; CODEINE; and PAPAVERINE - have clinical significance. Opium has been used as an analgesic, antitussive, antidiarrheal, and antispasmodic.
An evaluation of obstetrical analgesia. (1/8)Relief of pain and safety of mother and child are fundamentals in obstetrical analgesia. Elimination of those drugs which are ineffective or dangerous is the best guide to proper medication. Morphine, codeine, or similar opium derivatives should be avoided as they depress fetal respiration. Barbiturates have the same fault, despite their popularity. Demerol in small dosage is safe and effective. Scopolamine yields excellent results with safety. Magnesium sulfate potentiates and reinforces the action of scopolamine and involves no danger. This combination of drugs may be used by any competent general practitioner in the home or hospital. (+info)
Trifluoroethylvinyl ether (fluoromar); a preliminary report on clinical experience and animal experiment. (2/8)In observations of 80 cases in which Fluoromar was used for inhalation anesthesia it was noted that induction was rapid; maintenance although labile, was usually smooth; and recovery of reflexes was rapid. Anesthetic complications were minimal, and postanesthetic complications were limited to nausea and vomiting in no greater incidence than that expected to follow the use of most inhalation anesthetic agents. Fluoromar produces rapid, and not particularly unpleasant, loss of consciousness, and will produce complete anesthesia without supplement. However, the muscular relaxation afforded by Fluoromar is not complete, and delayed recovery from anesthesia may follow attempts to produce relaxation by deepening too greatly the level of anesthesia. The inflammability of Fluoromar is less than that of other inhalation agents. (+info)
Thiopentone and buthalitone: the relationship between depth of anaesthesia, plasma concentration and plasma protein binding. (3/8)For 24 hr. after intravenous administration of buthalitone or thiopentone, plasma concentrations in young human subjects have been followed. Buthalitone was distributed to the tissues more rapidly but was metabolized at a slower rate than thiopentone. The relationships between these findings and differences in plasma protein binding and oil/water partition coefficients were studied. It is suggested that some of the differences observed in potency between the substances is a reflection of differences in their modes of distribution. No relationship was found between speed of recovery from anaesthesia and plasma barbiturate concentrations. (+info)
Anaesthesia in new-born animals. (4/8)Pentobarbitone was more toxic to new-born than to adult rabbits and rats, produced a longer loss of righting reflex in new-born animals but did not anaesthetize them effectively in less than toxic doses. Urethane did not anaesthetize new-born animals in doses which anaesthetized adults. Ether produced loss of righting reflex at lower concentrations for new-born than for adults, but the new-born animals became anaesthetized more slowly. (+info)
The influence of thiopentone anaesthesia on the blood lipid and blood sugar level. (5/8)Thiopentone anaesthesia in dogs and rats was accompanied by a sharp fall in blood nonesterified fatty acids and a small increase in blood sugar. No pronounced changes in the blood concentrations of cholesterol, phospholipids or fatty acid esters were observed. Ether anaesthesia had no effect on the blood non-esterified fatty acids in rats. The fall in non-esterified fatty acids during thiopentone anaesthesia is therefore not related to the state of anaesthesia itself. (+info)
General anesthesia for eye operations. A consideration of some pertinent factors involved in administration. (6/8)In the administration of general anesthesia for surgical operations on the eye, care must be taken to consider the patient's total physiological condition. A patient with eye problems may have generalized changes of more than moderate extent. Most patients are in the age group in which the incidence of cardiovascular and pulmonary problems is relatively high. If the patient is in a younger age group, perhaps diabetes or the collagen diseases must be suspected. Care must be taken to prevent undue strains to the eye during and immediately after the operation. Constant care and an awareness of possible complication is necessary for successful management in these cases. (+info)
Local anesthesia in ophthalmology. (7/8)With local anesthesia for intraocular operations, postoperative agitation, nausea and vomiting are less frequent, which tends to reduce the number of intraocular complications. Bleeding is less troublesome, and secretions are better controlled. Fewer cardiac and pulmonary complications occur with local anesthesia. Meperidine hydrochloride (Demerol(R)) and pentobarbital sodium (nembutal) remain drugs of choice in preoperative medication. Lidocaine (Xylocaine(R)), 1 or 2 per cent, is a most satisfactory local anesthetic for intraocular operations. Complete akinesia of the eyelids has been achieved in every instance by a modified combination of the O'Brien and Van Lint techniques, using lidocaine 1 per cent. Nasolacrimal procedures can be performed satisfactorily by injecting the nasociliary and infraorbital nerves with lidocaine 2 per cent. (+info)
Trichlorethylene analgesia use for urologic procedures in the office. (8/8)Trichlorethylene inhalation for analgesia was used in 391 cases in which urologic procedures were carried out in the office. In the great majority of cases the patients had no significant pain or had only minor discomfort. Results were considered poor in less than 10 per cent of cases. (+info)
Download Obstetric Analgesia and Anesthesia: A Manual for Physicians, Nurses and Other Health Personnel, Prepared for the World...
Obstetric Analgesia and Anesthesia: A Manual for Physicians, Nurses and Other Health Personnel, Prepared for the World Federation of Societies of
Lumbar Sympathetic Nerve Block for Obstetrical Analgesia; Preliminary Report of Over 1,200 Cases | Anesthesiology | ASA...
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Thiopentone - Mechanism, Indication, Contraindications, Dosing, Adverse Effect, Interaction | Drug Index | Pediatric Oncall
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Analysis of urological procedures in men who died from prostate cancer using a population-based approach - Babaian - 2012 - BJU...
Whats known on the subject? and What does the study add?. Very few studies have examined end-of-life urological studies in men with prostate cancer. These studies reported fewer procedures in men who received primary therapy for prostate cancer. However, these studies were typically single institution or had a short follow-up period.. The present study is the first population-based study examining end-of-life urological procedures and uses a geographic region encompassing 385 000 patients. Furthermore, this study incorporates both hospital- and office-based procedures. This approach has not been previously undertaken. ...
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patients reported good compliance on the visual analog scale questionnaire.20 In fact, direct approaches to measures adherence, such as ...
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Schmallenberg Virus in Cattle and Sheep - Vet in Training
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The Department of Anaesthesiology provides anaesthesia to patients undergoing surgical procedures & pain management services. The department caters to a wide range of surgical specialties and use the latest technologies for anaesthesia care. Our Anaesthetist is an experts in all aspects of anaesthesia and ensure that all anaesthetic and associated equipment is routinely checked and maintained to the highest possible standards.. They remain update on the latest trends in Anaesthesia care by undergoing continuous professional development and in-house training. Our Anaesthesiologist is ably assisted by anaesthesia technicians and the department undertakes administration of anaesthesia in all subspecialties, Preoperative medical evaluations, Perioperative pain management, acute pain, Injections and nerve blocks, Spinal-infusion systems, Obstetrical analgesia and anaesthesia.. ...
Childrens Surgery International: September 2016
Our fall Vietnam mission is complete. With the support of our mission partner IPSAC and the Provincial Hospital leadership and surgical, medical and nursing staff, we were able to successfully perform 24 urologic procedures on children in need. In addition to these surgeries, knowledge was transferred at all points in the continuum of care - from the bedside to the conference room. We collaborated to do screenings, provide pre- and post-op care and family education and, of course, hands-on training in the OR. On our last day, we did a workshop on optimizing surgical outcomes with a multidisciplinary approach. It ended with a good discussion illustrating the differences between our healthcare settings and the impact resources have on patients and teams. We were also supported by a very committed and helpful team of interpreters all along the way. ...
Use of Two Modern Hydroxyethyl Starch Solutions in Major Urological Procedures - Tabular View - ClinicalTrials.gov
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Baptist Health Systems in Jackson, MS | Minimally Invasive Urological Procedures
Baptist Health Systems is the parent company of Baptist Medical Center, The Mississippi Hospital for Restorative Care and a number of related healthcare services and programs.
Medax - Biopsy and Special Needles
Automatic disposable biopsy system intended for Interventional Radiology procedures and specially designed for Urological procedures. Medone combines precise penetration, accurate sampling and quick results, in a one-hand controlled device, very easy and user-friendly arming mechanism.. ...
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Genesis Healthcare Partners provides the highest quality urologic care in San Diego County. Our urologic physicians offer premier operative care in laparoscopic urology, endourology and open urologic procedures
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Blog - Adult Male Circumcision Blog
Blog posts from Dr. Reed of the Reed Centre in Miami Beach Florida about adult male circumcision and other urological procedures.
Urological Services in Riverview, Florida
The urologists at St. Josephs Hospital-South manage both complex and routine urologic conditions. Our urologic surgeons perform complex oncology surgeries as well as reconstructive urologic procedures.
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The hospital has an ultra-modern operating suite consisting of eight rooms utilized by the various departments. Four of these operating rooms are used daily by our department for open surgical, minimal invasive and urological procedures. One operating room is utilized for emergency surgery on a 24 hour basis. There are two additional operating theaters in casualty/emergency department which are devoted on a 24 hour basis for minor surgical procedures, ambulatory surgery and emergency trauma patients. Each operating room has its own anaesthesia room and advanced anaesthesia equipment with monitoring facilities, modern operating lights and latest available theater equipment. High resolution cameras and monitors are available for minimal invasive surgeries ...
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Advanced Urology has six vasectomy doctors with more than 95 years of combined experience in performing vasectomies and other urologic procedures.
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Dr. Anil Agarwal and Dr. Shireesha Sankella (right) discuss the findings of their recently published study that identified a new potential therapeutic target for controlling high blood sugar.
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Robotic-assisted surgery allows surgeons to perform a wide range of urologic procedures through 1 to 2 centimeter incisions, from kidney removal to removing part, or all, of the prostate gland, while achieving equal, or better, clinical outcomes
high potassium treatment
Although your body needs potassium, having too much in your blood can be harmful. Intravenous (IV) therapy: Extremely high potassium levels need immediate treatment. There is a lack of accepted safety for use under medical supervision. In some instances, you may need emergency medications or dialysis. The Glickman Urological & Kidney Institute offers innovative treatments in urology and nephrology, including minimally invasive, scarless options for urologic procedures and medical management of kidney disease. Some medications lower potassium slowly, including: Your doctor will look at whether you need to stop taking other medications in order to lower your blood potassium levels, or adjust how much you take. We do not endorse non-Cleveland Clinic products or services. So you might need dialysis to treat your kidney disease -- which also treats hyperkalemia. All rights reserved. Hyperkalemia Causes. Instead, it may be caused by the rupture of blood cells in the blood sample during or shortly ...
Few urologists follow peri-op thromboprophylaxis guidelines
(HealthDay)-Among American Urological Association (AUA) members, self-reported adherence to the Best Practice Statement on the use of thromboprophylaxis in patients undergoing urological procedures is low, according to ...
Blood Sugar Stabilizer Review-How Does Blood Sugar Stabilizer Work?
Blood sugar is an important factor in everyones health. Even those who dont have diabetes have to make sure that their blood sugar levels arent too high or
5 Tips for Monitoring Your Blood Sugar
Whether youve been living with diabetes for many years or you were recently diagnosed, monitoring your blood sugar is an important part of your everyday life. Knowing your blood sugar levels tells you if your exercise, diet and insulin (or pills) are balancing well, or if you need to make some changes. Because blood sugar monitoring is so important, here are five practical tips to help get the most from this daily routine.
Can Antibiotics Make Your Blood Sugar Go Up? | DiabetesTalk.Net
Three years ago, when I was 65, I was prescribed prednisone during a very bad cold. I have type 2 diabetes, which I controlled then with diet and exercise (no medications). After I started taking prednisone, my blood sugar shot up to 300 mg/dl, and it took me three weeks on Actos to bring it back down. My blood sugar h
Prevent High Blood Sugar and Colon Cancer, Too - Sharecare
Suppose youve worked to turn high blood sugar into low blood sugar -- and done it! Not only will type 2 diabetes be a stranger, so will colon cancer.
When Blood Sugar Is Too High
Too much glucose in the blood can be unhealthy. Learn more about what to do when blood sugar is too high in this article for kids.
Best BLOOD SUGAR FASTING Test Lab Gujrat & Pakistan | Awami Lab
Awami Lab Provides best BLOOD SUGAR FASTING Test facility in Gujrat Pakistan, under the supervision of qualified pathologist Call 0300-8721884
Sts. Peter & Paul volunteers : Webster Today Archives
The all-female panel, dubbed the Fab Five, included Sophia Evans, director of Central Texas College; Hope Katz Gibbs, president and founder of Inkandescent Group, LLC; Karen Thompson, chief, Personnel Clearance Division; Kimya Jones, assistant general counsel, U.S. Attorneys Office; Willie Mae McDowell, corporate program manager, Trinity Technology Group; Deborah Harrington, former surgeon and current president/CEO of Energy Audits and Green Solutions, LLC ...
Procedural sedation and analgesia
"Continuum of Depth of Sedation; Definition of General Anesthesia and Levels of Sedation/Analgesia". American Society of ... Jaap Vuyk, Elske Sitsen and Marije Reekers (2015). Miller's Anesthesia. Elsevier.. *^ Messenger DW, Murray HE, Dungey PE, van ... "Procedural Sedation and Analgesia." 'CURRENT Diagnosis & Treatment: Emergency Medicine, 8e' Eds. C. Keith Stone, and Roger L. ... Procedural sedation and analgesia (PSA) is a technique in which a sedating/dissociative medication is administered often in ...
Anesthesia & Analgesia. 123 (6): 1463-1468. doi:10.1213/ANE.0000000000001590. PMID 27644057.. ... This is intended to prevent pulmonary aspiration of stomach contents during general anesthesia. The latest guidelines do not ... Several factors can predispose to aspiration of stomach contents including inadequate anesthesia, pregnancy, obesity, difficult ... of preoperative fasting is to prevent pulmonary aspiration of stomach contents while under the effects of general anesthesia. ...
Anesthesia and Analgesia. 103 (6): 1459-63. CiteSeerX 10.1.1.317.6613. doi:10.1213/01.ane.0000247792.03959.f1. PMID 17122223. ... Anesthesia and Analgesia. 106 (6): 1904-9. CiteSeerX 10.1.1.327.9838. doi:10.1213/ane.0b013e318172b15b. PMID 18499630. S2CID ... Anesthesia & Analgesia. 83 (1): 114-116. doi:10.1213/00000539-199607000-00020. Tramèr, M.; Moore, A.; McQuay, H. (February 1996 ... Anesthesia and Analgesia. 59 (3): 175-7. doi:10.1213/00000539-198003000-00002. PMID 7189346. S2CID 41966990. Vieira, E. (1979 ...
Anesthesia & Analgesia. 95 (4): 1125. doi:10.1097/00000539-200210000-00076. Iserson KV (1987). "The origins of the gauge system ...
Magnetic seizure therapy
Anesthesia & Analgesia. 103 (1): 76-80, table of contents. doi:10.1213/01.ane.0000221182.71648.a3. PMID 16790630. "Minerva". ...
Richard M. Levitan
Anesthesia & Analgesia. 101 (3): 930. doi:10.1097/00000539-200509000-00078. Doyle, D. John (2005). "The Airway Cam™ guide to ... intubation and practical emergency airway management (review)". Canadian Journal of Anesthesia. Springer Science and Business ...
Greater trochanteric pain syndrome
Williams BS, Cohen SP (2009). "Greater Trochanteric Pain Syndrome: A Review of Anatomy, Diagnosis and Treatment". Anesthesia & ... Analgesia. 108 (5): 1662-1670. doi:10.1213/ane.0b013e31819d6562. PMID 19372352. S2CID 5521326. Dougherty C, Dougherty JJ ( ...
Burns WB, Eger EI (August 2011). "Ross C. Terrell, PhD, an anesthetic pioneer". Anesthesia and Analgesia. 113 (2): 387-9. doi: ... Anesthesia & Analgesia. 130 (2): 360-366. doi:10.1213/ANE.0000000000004093. ISSN 0003-2999. Sloan, Mark H.; Conard, Pattilyn F ... Anesthesia & Analgesia. 74 (2): 253-259. doi:10.1213/00000539-199202000-00015. ISSN 0003-2999. Livertox: Clinical and Research ... Anesthesia and Analgesia. 54 (6): 758-66. doi:10.1213/00000539-197511000-00021. PMID 1239214. S2CID 26832938. "Propofol and ...
Stage I (stage of analgesia or disorientation): from beginning of induction of general anesthesia to loss of consciousness. ... Di-ethyl ether analgesia: a detailed description of the first stage of ether analgesia in man. J Pharmacol Exp Ther 1954, 111, ... Anesthesia & Analgesia. 100 (4): 1221, author reply 1221-2. doi:10.1213/01.ANE.0000149022.48021.24. PMID 15781568. Artusio JF. ... To determine the depth of anesthesia, the anesthetist relies on a series of physical signs of the patient. In 1847, John Snow ( ...
Anesthesia & Analgesia. 93 (1): 134-141. doi:10.1097/00000539-200107000-00028. PMID 11429354. Retrieved 14 Apr 2009. Hawkins JL ... A study of anesthesia-related maternal mortality in the United States between 1979 and 2002 found the share of maternal ... one study of maternal mortality records lists the total share of maternal mortality deaths recorded as stemming from anesthesia ... Chang J, Palmer SK, Gibbs CP, Callaghan WM (January 2011). "Anesthesia-related maternal mortality in the United States: 1979- ...
Webster, Lynn R. (2017). "Risk Factors for Opioid-Use Disorder and Overdose". Anesthesia & Analgesia. 125 (5): 1741-1748. doi: ...
Anesthesia & Analgesia. "Beadle v. Allis". Court of Appeals of Michigan. October 27, 1987. "Deaths". Lansing State Journal. ...
An Efficient Alternative to Counteract Hypotension During Combined General/Epidural Anesthesia". Anesthesia & Analgesia. 90 (6 ...
2001). "Survival After Failed Intraoperative Resuscitation: A Case of "Lazarus Syndrome"". Anesthesia & Analgesia. 92 (3): 690- ...
Postoperative residual curarization
Part I". Anesthesia & Analgesia. 111 (1): 120-128. doi:10.1213/ANE.0b013e3181da832d. PMID 20442260. S2CID 207132635. Naguib M, ... Part II". Anesthesia & Analgesia. 111 (1): 129-140. doi:10.1213/ANE.0b013e3181da8312. PMID 20442261. S2CID 23738174. Cammu G, ... Brull SJ, Naguib M, Miller RD (2008). "Residual Neuromuscular Block: Rediscovering the Obvious". Anesthesia & Analgesia. 107 (1 ... Anesthesia & Analgesia. 98 (6): 1686-1691. doi:10.1213/01.ane.0000113544.21754.a5. PMID 15155329. S2CID 20439614. Davis L, ...
Anesthesia & Analgesia. 117 (3): 597-604. doi:10.1213/ANE.0b013e31824a0b1c. PMID 22392970. S2CID 207134623. Bayat, R.; Borici- ...
Anesthesia & Analgesia. 88 (6): 1422-3. doi:10.1213/00000539-199906000-00044. PMID 10357358.. ...
Anesthesia and Analgesia. 115 (2): 274-83. doi:10.1213/ANE.0b013e31823f0c28. PMID 22190555. S2CID 21457057. Worthington, Mark T ... Anesthesia & Analgesia. 117 (5): 1093-100. doi:10.1213/ANE.0b013e3182a705ae. PMID 24108261. S2CID 24581168. "Two Scientific ... Anesthesia & Analgesia. 120 (4): 771-80. doi:10.1213/ANE.0000000000000548. PMID 25502841. S2CID 20941788. Stafford, Jeffrey A ... Phase II trials comparing remimazolam to the standard anesthesia protocols for cardiac surgery and colonoscopy were presented ...
Severinghaus, John W. (2007). "Takuo Aoyagi: Discovery of Pulse Oximetry". Anesthesia & Analgesia. Ovid Technologies (Wolters ...
James Edward Cottrell
Cottrell, JE; Hartung, J. (2016). "Ketamine versus Special K: a double-edged sword". Anesthesia and Analgesia. 122 (3): 586. ... Anesthesia & Analgesia. 55 (1): 18-21. PMID 1108707. Dr. Cottrell and his partner, Joseph Lovett, began collecting art in the ... Anesthesia & Analgesia. 52 (12): 1078-1080. PMID 6650891. Cottrell, JE; Hartung, JE; Giffin, JP; Shwiry, B (1983). " ... Anesthesia and Analgesia. 87 (1): 68-71. doi:10.1097/00000539-199807000-00015. PMID 9661548. S2CID 542816. Amadeu, ME; ...
Anesthesia & Analgesia. 124 (1): 44-51. doi:10.1213/ANE.0000000000001683. PMID 27861439. Bloor M, Paech MJ, Kaye R (2012). " ... Anesthesia & Analgesia. 124 (1): 44-51. doi:10.1213/ANE.0000000000001683. PMID 27861439. Hitchings, Andrew; Lonsdale, Dagan; ... All these effects work synergistically to induce analgesia. Tramadol has been found to possess these actions: Agonist of the μ- ... Gibson TP (1996). "Pharmacokinetics, efficacy, and safety of analgesia with a focus on tramadol HCl". Am. J. Med. 101 (1A): 47S ...
Max D. Liston
Anesthesia & Analgesia. 107 (3): 890-904. doi:10.1213/ane.0b013e31817ee3b3. PMID 18713902. Retrieved 23 June 2015. CS1 maint: ... to build a CO 2 analyzer to test their theories about causes of cardiac arrest in anesthesia patients. In 1951, Liston provided ... an important monitoring tool for patients undergoing anesthesia and in intensive care. Liston-Becker was one of a number of ... and substantial improvements to anesthesia machines. The color indicators on the instruments were not working properly, ...
Anesthesia & Analgesia. 101 (1): 161-168. doi:10.1213/01.ANE.0000154080.67496.AE. PMID 15976225. Schwarz, Sebastian; Ziemer, ...
Isbell H (1971). "Clinical Aspects of the Various Forms of Nonmedical Use of Drugs, Part II". Anesthesia & Analgesia. 50 (6): ... Isbell, Harris (1970). "Ninth Annual Baxter-Travenol Lecture". Anesthesia & Analgesia. 49 (6): 1032. doi:10.1213/00000539- ...
Beilin Y, Halpern S (August 2012). "Focused review: ropivacaine versus bupivacaine for epidural labor analgesia". Anesthesia & ... Anesthesia & Analgesia. 108 (3): 997-1007. doi:10.1213/ane.0b013e31819385e1. PMID 19224816. S2CID 41982515. Nouette-Gaulain K, ... On the other hand, NSTX local infiltration produces long lasting anesthesia, well over all the current available local ... Zink W, Graf B (July-August 2004). "Review Articles: Local Anesthetic Myotoxicity". Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine. 29 ( ...
The editors of Anesthesia & Analgesia did not follow up on the fraud allegations against Fujii until about 2010, when its ... Shafer, Steven L. (March 7, 2012). "To our readers" (PDF). Anesthesia & Analgesia. Kranke, P.; Apfel, C.C.; Eberhart, L.H.; ... In March 2012, the editor of Anesthesia & Analgesia acknowledged that the journal's response to the allegations made in 2000 ... The first published allegations of research fraud by Fujii appeared in 2000 in a letter to the editor of the journal Anesthesia ...
Puil E. (Apr 2010). "Analgesic properties of the novel amino acid, isovaline". Anesthesia & Analgesia. 110 (4): 1206-14. doi: ... Drugs such as opioids cross the blood-brain barrier to produce analgesia but often produce in addition confusion, sedation, and ... Jun 28, 2012). "GABA(B) receptor-mediated selective peripheral analgesia by the non-proteinogenic amino acid, isovaline". ...
August Wilhelm von Hofmann
Alston, Theodore A. (2003). "The Contributions of A. W. Hofmann". Anesthesia & Analgesia. 96 (2): 622-625. doi:10.1097/00000539 ...
Anesthesia & Analgesia. 104 (4): 763-5. doi:10.1213/01.ane.0000250913.45299.f3. PMID 17377078. S2CID 45882634. Retrieved ...
Anesthesia & Analgesia. 86.1 (1998): 34-39. 21 November 2009 "Vanderbilt Stallworth Rehabilitation Center". Vanderbilt ...
Anesthesia & Analgesia. 116 (6): 1360-1363. doi:10.1213/ANE.0b013e31828f2d5e. PMID 23709076.. ... or anesthesia. Most of these have branched from one or other of the two camps above; for example anaesthesia developed first as ...
GABAA receptor positive allosteric modulator
Pentobarbital is used as a hypnotic when analgesia is not required. It´s often used in CT imaging when sedation is needed. It ... Hans Selye demonstrated in the 1940 that certain pregnane steroids could cause both anesthesia and sedation but 40 years ...
Intravenous regional anesthesia
"A North American survey of intravenous regional anesthesia". Anesthesia & Analgesia. 85 (4): 858-63. doi:10.1097/00000539- ... Intravenous regional anesthesia (IVRA) or Bier's block anesthesia is an anesthetic technique on the body's extremities where a ... Intravenous regional anesthesia. Intravenous regional anesthesia (IVRA) using older tourniquet equipment. Modern electronic ... The use of tourniquets and injected anesthesia to induce localized anesthesia was first introduced by August Bier in 1908. He ...
Anesthesia & Analgesia. 104 (4): 763-5. doi:10.1213/01.ane.0000250913.45299.f3. PMID 17377078. Retrieved 2008-12-30.. ...
Anesthesia and Analgesia. 98 (2): 533-6, table of contents. doi:10.1213/01.ane.0000096181.89116.d2. PMID 14742401. Dabu-Bondoc ... Anesthesia and Analgesia. 97 (3): 772-5. doi:10.1213/01.ane.0000076145.83783.e7. PMID 12933400. Hemi-Sync Website Monroe ... Lewis AK, Osborn IP, Roth R (February 2004). "The effect of hemispheric synchronization on intraoperative analgesia". ...
Anesthesia and Analgesia 98 (2): 353-358. PMID 14742369. doi:10.1213/01.ANE.0000096189.70405.A5. ...
Thoracic epidural analgesia or paravertebral blockade have shown to be the most effective methods for post-thoracotomy pain ... However, contraindications to neuraxial anesthesia include hypovolemia, shock, increase in ICP, coagulopathy or ... Assessing the effects of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) in post-thoracotomy analgesia. Rev Bras Anestesiol ... "Local anaesthetics and regional anaesthesia versus conventional analgesia for preventing persistent postoperative pain in ...
Anesthesia oxygen masks. Anesthesia masks are face masks that are designed to administer anesthetic gases to a patient ... Anesthesia masks fit over the mouth and nose and have a double hose system. One hose carries inhaled anesthetic gas to the mask ... Anesthesia masks have 4 point head strap harnesses to securely fit on the head to hold the mask in place as the anaesthesia ... Anesthesia masks are either made of anti-static silicone or rubber, as a static electricity spark may ignite some anesthetic ...
Anesthesia and Analgesia. 106 (3): 972-7, table of contents. doi:10.1213/ane.0b013e318163f602. PMID 18292448. S2CID 5894373.. ... "A review of perioperative anesthesia and analgesia for infants: updates and trends to watch". F1000Research. 6: 120. doi: ... for short-term management of moderate to moderately severe pain requiring analgesia at the opioid level. ... "Topical non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs for analgesia in traumatic corneal abrasions". The Cochrane Database of ...
Dolasetron - Википедија, слободна енциклопедија
Janicki PK, Schuler HG, Jarzembowski TM, Rossi M (2006). [www.anesthesia-analgesia.org/content/102/4/1127.full „Prevention of ... Anasthesia & Analgesia. 102 (4): 1127-1133. doi:10.1213/01.ane.0000200364.5579.. *^ Walker B (2001). „Efficacy of single-dose ...
Anesthesia and Analgesia. 114 (2): 424-33. doi:10.1213/ANE.0b013e3182334d68. PMID 21965355.. ... Congenital analgesia (insensitivity to pain). Notes. *^ Anonymous (1990). Cancer pain relief and palliative care; report ... Analgesia and fever reduction.. As per paracetamol. Ziconotide. Peptide.. N-type calcium-channel blocker.. Intrathecal.. ... Analgesia, especially postoperative; hiccups.. Has antimuscarinic and sympathomimetic effects. Paracetamol. Comes in free ...
Anesthesia recovery in young animals is usually more rapid and there are fewer complications. One study found that in ... Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia. 35 (5): 365-73. doi:10.1111/j.1467-2995.2008.00397.x. PMID 18466167.. ...
A new method of drug administration". Current Researches in Anesthesia and Analgesia. 26 (6): 221-230. PMID 18917536.. ... Bulletin of Anesthesia History. 16 (3): 10-12. doi:10.1016/s1522-8649(98)50046-7.. ...
اتیلن - ویکیپدیا، دانشنامهٔ آزاد
"Current Researches in Anesthesia & Analgesia. 2 (6): 221-229. doi:10.1213/00000539-192312000-00004. Retrieved 11 January 2015. ...
Romifidin - Википедија, слободна енциклопедија
Cardiopulmonary effects of romifidine/ketamine or xylazine/ketamine when used for short duration anesthesia in the horse. ... Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia. 2005 Jan;32(1):16-22. PMID 15663735 ...
Lista de revistas científicas de medicina - Wikipédia, a enciclopédia livre
Anesthesia and Analgesia (página oficial). *Anesthesiology (página oficial). *Annals of Emergency Medicine ...
... www.anesthesia-analgesia.org/content/91/1/220.full.pdf, pagina 221 ...
De Menezes Lyra, Roberto (1999). "Glottis Simulator". Anesthesia & Analgesia. 88 (6): 1422-3. doi:10.1213/00000539-199906000- ...
Ketamin - Vikipedi
1 Anesthesia and Analgesia in Rodents, Washington College, 2012, ss. 1-2, 4 August 2013 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi, ... "Anesthesia: Essays and Researches. 8 (3), s. 283-90. doi:10.4103/0259-1162.143110. PMC 4258981 $2. PMID 25886322.. ... Stunkard, JA; Miller, JC (September 1974). "An outline guide to general anesthesia in exotic species". Veterinary Medicine, ... "Ketamine: Current applications in anesthesia, pain, and critical care" ...
"Anesthesia and Analgesia. 116 (5): 975-81. doi:10.1213/ANE.0b013e31828843e6. PMC 3744176. PMID 23449853.. ...
Athari za muda mrefu za pombe, kamusi elezo huru
... www.anesthesia-analgesia.org/cgi/content/full/104/3/509. *↑ 6.0 6.1 Sellman, D.; Connor, J.; Robinson, G.; Jackson, R. (2009 ...
"Journal of Anesthesia History. 4 (1): 56. doi:10.1016/j.janh.2017.11.040. ISSN 2352-4529.. ... Lu Gwei-Djen and Joseph Needham suggest Hua Tuo may have discovered surgical analgesia by acupuncture, "quite apart from the ... He removed parasites, performed abortions and treated ulcers, sores and analgesia. For example: ...
Prognosis can be abruptly changed for the worse by the use of anesthesia, such as during surgery. ... analgesia (pain relief) and sleep aids. ...
van Bochove, J.A. and W.E. Amerongen, The influence of restorative treatment approaches and the use of local analgesia on ... "The efficacy of comprehensive dental care for children under general anesthesia". British dental journal. 171 (2). ISSN 0007- ...
History of general anesthesia
Corssen, G; Domino, EF; Sweet, RB (November-December 1964). "Neuroleptanalgesia and Anesthesia". Anesthesia & Analgesia. 43 (6 ... Etymology of "anesthesia". The word "anesthesia", coined by Oliver Wendell Holmes (1809-1894) in 1846 from the Greek ἀν- ... Nilsson E, Janssen PA (1961). "Neurolept-analgesia: an alternative to general anesthesia". Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica ... which were short-term anesthesia and surprisingly little analgesia. Three months later, John Silas Lundy started a clinical ...
"Anesthesia and Analgesia. 104 (5): 1179-84, tables of contents. doi:10.1213/01.ane.0000260267.71185.73. PMC 2596726. PMID ... "Anesthesia and Analgesia. 108 (3): 964-70. doi:10.1213/ane.0b013e318192442c. PMC 2828492. PMID 19224810.. ...
"Anesthesia and Analgesia. 111 (1): 99-109. doi:10.1213/ANE.0b013e3181e0cdaf. PMC 3253719. PMID 20522703.. ...
"Anesthesia & Analgesia. 80 (1): 108. Retrieved 5 April 2011.. *^ a b Costanzo, Linda S. (2003). Physiology. Board Review Series ...
Anesthesia & Analgesia
Neurosurgical Anesthesia; Obstetric Anesthesia; Pain Mechanisms; Pain Medicine; Pediatric Anesthesia; Regional Anesthesia; ... Analgesia is your gateway to everything that is happening in anesthesia and 14 related subspecialties: Analgesia; Ambulatory ... Backed by internationally-known authorities who serve on the Editorial Board and as Section Editors, Anesthesia & ... Anesthesia; Anesthetic Pharmacology; Cardiovascular Anesthesia; Critical Care and Trauma; Economics, Education, and Policy; ...
Anesthesia analgesia in the amygdala | Nature Neuroscience
A new study shows that anesthetics activate an endogenous analgesia neural ensemble in the central nucleus of the amygdala. ... McCall, N.M., Wojick, J.A. & Corder, G. Anesthesia analgesia in the amygdala. Nat Neurosci (2020). https://doi.org/10.1038/ ... A new study shows that anesthetics activate an endogenous analgesia neural ensemble in the central nucleus of the amygdala. ...
In Response : Anesthesia & Analgesia
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Anesthesia & Analgesia - Wikipedia
Anesthesia & Analgesia is a monthly peer-reviewed medical journal covering anesthesia, pain management, and perioperative ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "Anesthesia & Analgesia". 2015 Journal Citation Reports. Web of Science (Science ed.). ... It is published by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins on behalf of the International Anesthesia Research Society. Its editor-in- ... "About the IARS". International Anesthesia Research Society. Retrieved December 9, 2011. ...
Analgesia and anesthesia in obstetrics | Open Library
Anesthesia and Analgesia
Here you can read summaries of all the latest updates from Anesthesia and Analgesia ... PMID: 29049101 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Anesthesia and Analgesia). Source: Anesthesia and Analgesia - October 20, 2017 ... PMID: 29049102 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Anesthesia and Analgesia). Source: Anesthesia and Analgesia - October 20, 2017 ... PMID: 29049104 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Anesthesia and Analgesia). Source: Anesthesia and Analgesia - October 20, 2017 ...
Epidural Anesthesia-Analgesia and Patient Outcomes: A Perspective
Use of perioperative epidural anesthesia-analgesia (compared to general anesthesia and systemic opioids) has been shown to be ... The use of perioperative epidural anesthesia-analgesia provides superior postoperative analgesia [1-3] versus conventional ... The use of perioperative epidural anesthesia-analgesia may confer many benefits including superior postoperative analgesia, ... Epidural anesthesia-analgesia is an important component of an ERAS pathway as the superior opioid-sparing analgesia provided by ...
Manual of Equine Anesthesia and Analgesia | Veterinary Medicine - Equine | Veterinary Medicine | Subjects | Wiley
Manual of Equine Anesthesia and Analgesia. Tom Doherty (Editor), Alexander Valverde (Editor) ... Chapter 16 Anesthesia of the Limbs (Jim Schumacher and Fernando A. Castro). ... In recent years, a number of important developments have been made in equine anaesthesia and analgesia. These include new ...
Analgesia and Anesthesia | Animal Welfare Information Center | NAL | USDA
3 updates in feline anesthesia and analgesia
"Luckily, weve come a long way in feline anesthesia and analgesia recently-a lot of it is to do with new drugs that are ... 3 updates in feline anesthesia and analgesia. Veterinary medicine has come a long way in caring for its purring patients ... If you want to know the latest on feline anesthesia and analgesia, Fetch dvm360 conference speaker Sheilah Robertson, BVMS ( ... We do know that cats do need a much, much lower fluid rate during anesthesia, and thats what were trying to tell everybody, ...
Anesthesia and analgesia case reports (in SafetyLit)
Small Animal Anesthesia and Analgesia | Veterinary Anesthesia' Analgesia & Pain Medicine | Veterinary Medicine | Subjects |...
"Small Animal Anesthesia and Analgesia fulfills its intended purpose of being a quick review for veterinary students or a rapid ... The use of agents for perioperative sedation, analgesia, and anesthesia is thoroughly discussed, allowing users to make an ... anesthesia residents and researchers that may be adminstering anesthesia." - Doodys Book Reviews, November 2008 ... Anesthesia with concurrent conditions and for chronic pain is also covered. Text boxes in each section contain key points. ...
9780813812366: Essentials of Small Animal Anesthesia and Analgesia - AbeBooks: 0813812364
Essentials of Small Animal Anesthesia and Analgesia (9780813812366) and a great selection of similar New, Used and Collectible ... The bulk of the book is distilled from Lumb and Jones Veterinary Anesthesia and Analgesia to provide authoritative information ... Essentials of Small Animal Anesthesia and Analgesia, Second Edition provides veterinary care providers and students with key ... 1. Essentials of Small Animal Anesthesia and Analgesia (Paperback) Published by Iowa State University Press, United States ( ...
BibMe: Generate Anesthesia and Analgesia pamphlet citations for your bibliography
Pain, Analgesia and Anesthesia, An Issue of Perioperative Nursing Clinics, Volume 4-4 - 1st Edition
Analgesia and Anesthesia, An Issue of Perioperative Nursing Clinics, Volume 4-4 - 1st Edition. Print Book. ISBN 9781437717495 ... Pain, Analgesia and Anesthesia, An Issue of Perioperative Nursing Clinics, Volume 4-4 1st Edition. ... This issue of Perioperative Nursing Clinics, titled Pain, Analgesia and Anesthesia, which was Guest Edited by Valerie Girard- ... Interventional Radiology and Anesthesia; and Fee for Service Payments: Affect on Patient Care, Operating Room Procedures and ...
Citing a Multivolume in ANESTHESIA-AND-ANALGESIA | Citation Machine
Anesthesia & Analgesia and A&A Practice Bundle
Analgesia and Anesthesia & Analgesia Practice. Note that these journals are not available individually.. Anesthesia & Analgesia ... Analgesia and Anesthesia & Analgesia Practice. Note that these journals are not available individually.. Anesthesia & Analgesia ... Anesthesia & Analgesia Practice:. A clinical companion journal to the International Anesthesia Research Societys flagship ... Anesthesia & Analgesia Practice:. A clinical companion journal to the International Anesthesia Research Societys flagship ...
Anesthesia and Analgesia for Veterinary... | WHSmith Books
Buy Anesthesia and Analgesia for Veterinary Technicians (5th Revised edition) by John A. Thomas From WHSmith today, saving 10 ... Analgesia 9. Canine and Feline Anesthesia 10. Equine Anesthesia 11. Ruminant and Swine Anesthesia 12. Rodent and Rabbit ... Anesthesia and Analgesia for Veterinary Technicians (5th Revised edition). By: John A. Thomas (author), Phillip Lerche (author) ... Covering essential principles of anesthesia administration and pain management in small and large animals, Anesthesia and ...
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Citation Machine: Anesthesia And Analgesia format citation generator for photograph
Regional Anesthesia for Postoperative Pain Control in Orthopedic Surgery: Overview, Neuraxial Analgesia, Peripheral Nerve Blocks
The intraoperative use of regional anesthesia has many advantages, including the following: Reduces blood loss: In total hip ... regional anesthesia techniques are used extensively to allow the performance of orthopedic procedures. ... arthroplasty (THA), studies have demonstrated that both spinal and epidural anesthesia tend to hav... ... Neuraxial Analgesia. Intrathecal analgesia. Intrathecal (IT), often referred to as "spinal," anesthesia refers to the delivery ...
Pharmaceuticals | Free Full-Text | Opioid Actions in Primary-Afferent Fibers-Involvement in Analgesia and Anesthesia
This review article will focus on analgesia and anesthesia produced by the actions of opioids on primary-afferent fibers. ... Opioid Actions in Primary-Afferent Fibers-Involvement in Analgesia and Anesthesia. Eiichi Kumamoto * , Kotaro Mizuta. ... This review article will focus on analgesia and anesthesia produced by the actions of opioids on primary-afferent fibers. View ... Kumamoto, E.; Mizuta, K.; Fujita, T. Opioid Actions in Primary-Afferent Fibers-Involvement in Analgesia and Anesthesia. ...
Anesthesia & Analgesia | IARS
Anesthesia & Analgesia. The flagship journal of the IARS, Anesthesia & Analgesia is published on a monthly basis for the ... Anesthesia & Analgesia also offers CME opportunities, which are available for three years following publication for IARS ... The leading clinical journal in the field, Anesthesia & Analgesia is the official journal of the IARS and these professional ... Maternal Hemorrhage-Regional Versus General Anesthesia: Does It Really Matter? by Beilin, Yaakov on October 1, 2018 ...
Anesthesia and postoperative analgesia during unilateral lower-extremi | TCRM
To compare the clinical effects of anesthesia and postoperative analgesia for patients with unilateral lower-extremity fracture ... Patients in group E received combined spinal and epidural anesthesia, and when the operation was complete kept the epidural ... catheter and received patient-controlled epidural analgesia with an analgesia pump.Results: The visual analog scores of ... Mean arterial pressure at 30 minutes after anesthesia and 4 hours postoperation in group E decreased significantly and was ...
Anesthesia and Analgesia for Veterinary Technicians, 5th Edition - 9780323249713
Anesthesia and Analgesia for Veterinary Technicians, 5th Edition is completely updated with the latest drugs and techniques ... This entry-level practical resource prepares you to properly administer anesthesia with the most up-to-date information on pre- ... and take a more integrated approach to learning techniques for anesthesia administration with the texts expertly illustrated ... p>Covering essential principles of anesthesia administration and pain management in small and large animals, ...
Essentials of Small Animal Anesthesia and Analgesia. 2nd Edition
Second Edition presents the fundamentals of managing small animal anesthesia patients in a clinically... ... 8 Anesthesia management of dogs and cats 274Richard M. Bednarski. 9 Anesthesia and immobilization of small mammals 300Paul A. ... Analgesia and Anesthesia for the Ill or Injured Dog and Cat * Book ... The Second Edition has been updated to reflect current practices in anesthesia and analgesia, and a new companion website ...
Analgesia, anesthesia monitoring and perioperative care | HSTalks
Luis Antunes on Analgesia, anesthesia monitoring and perioperative care, part of a collection of online lectures. ... to know a little bit about local and regional anesthesia or analgesia, understand a little bit about anesthesia monitoring and ... Analgesia, anesthesia monitoring and perioperative care. *Prof. Luis Antunes - University of Trás-os-Montes and Alto Douro, ... Antunes, L. (2016, January 31). Analgesia, anesthesia monitoring and perioperative care [Video file]. In The Biomedical & Life ...
Thoracic Paravertebral Block, Multimodal Analgesia, and Monitored Anesthesia Care for Breast Cancer Surgery in Primary Lateral...
Anesthesia & Analgesia Case Reports
Pediatric Epidural and Spinal Anesthesia and Analgesia - NYSORA
EPIDURAL ANESTHESIA IN CHILDREN. INTRODUCTION. Epidural analgesia is commonly used in addition to general anesthesia and to ... In some cases, spinal anesthesia may be combined with caudal or epidural anesthesia to prolong analgesia. ... Lumbar Epidural Anesthesia. Lumbar epidural analgesia is commonly used for continuous infusions and is rarely used as a single- ... LOCAL ANESTHETICS FOR EPIDURAL ANESTHESIA IN CHILDREN. Since most pediatric patients receive epidural analgesia in conjunction ...
Regional anesthesiaNeuraxialLabor analgesiaSpinalInternational Anesthesia Research SocietyComplicationsPerioperativeOpioidsAnesthesiologyManual of Equine Anesthesia and AnalgesiaSmall Animal Anesthesia and AnalgesiaSedation2016PracticePediatricClinical anesthesiaCombined with general anesthesiaPatient-controlleEquine anesthesiaPatientsCathetersVeterinary TechniciansCombination of epiduralAnalgesicsThoracic epidural analgesiaTotal Intravenous AnesthesiaFeline anesthesiaIARSPrinciples of anesthesiaAnaesthesia and analgesiaGeneralCesareanPain and DistressPostoperative epidural analgesiaSurgerySafe anesthesiaSwine AnesthesiaIntravenous analgesiaObstetricSafety and EfficacyLocal anestheticMultimodalLaboratory Animals
- Regional anesthesia refers to the focused delivery of anesthetic agent(s) to a given part of the body. (medscape.com)
- Regional anesthesia is used extensively for various purposes, including as a primary anesthetic technique for surgery, as an analgesic modality to manage pain in the perioperative period, and as an analgesic modality for various other forms of acute and/or chronic pain. (medscape.com)
- This article will focus on the use of regional anesthesia as a postoperative analgesic technique for orthopedic surgery. (medscape.com)
- The use of perioperative regional anesthesia has many possible advantages. (medscape.com)
- Regional anesthesia can reduce operative anesthetic requirements and in some cases allow avoidance of general anesthesia altogether. (medscape.com)
- [ 2 , 3 ] In addition, in certain operations, such as total hip arthroplasty (THA), the use of regional anesthesia may be associated with certain positive trends such as reduced blood loss and reduced rates of deep vein thrombosis (DVT). (medscape.com)
- Aims of this lecture is to understand why analgesia is important in laboratory animal sciences, to know how we do pain assessment, how we treat pain during the perioperative period, to know a little bit about local and regional anesthesia or analgesia, understand a little bit about anesthesia monitoring and post-anesthesia procedures. (hstalks.com)
- Regional anesthesia and analgesia are controversial in patients at risk for compartment syndrome due to potential masking of ischemic pain associated with ACS. (ovid.com)
- This article explores the possible role and controversies surrounding the use of regional anesthesia, continuous peripheral nerve blocks, and analgesia in patients at risk of developing ACS. (ovid.com)
- Previously, the relatively large size and fragility of the instruments has generally necessitated the performance of ureteroscopy under general or regional anesthesia. (urotoday.com)
- Regional anesthesia has become a routine part of the practice of anesthesiology in infants and children. (ebscohost.com)
- METHODS: This was an observational study that used the Pediatric Regional Anesthesia Network database. (luriechildrens.org)
- A longtime standard for military healthcare personnel, the second edition of Military Advanced Regional Anesthesia and Analgesia Handbook (MARAA) has been thoroughly revised and updated. (oup.com)
- Much of the book is devoted to step-by-step guidance on performing various regional anesthesia nerve blocks organized by pertinent neuroanatomy, use of nerve stimulation, and use of ultrasound. (oup.com)
- The concluding group of chapters discusses organization of the acute pain service and staff, a review of multidisciplinary care, basics of pediatric regional anesthesia, first-aid acupuncture, and more. (oup.com)
- Possible regional anesthesia techniques include epidural analgesia, spinal analgesia (sometimes referred to as the intrathecal or subarachnoid space), or a combination of epidural and spinal analgesia. (medscape.com)
- Regional anesthesia is contraindicated in the presence of actual or anticipated serious maternal hemorrhage , refractory maternal hypotension, coagulopathy, untreated bacteremia , raised intracranial pressure, skin or soft tissue infection at the site of the epidural or spinal placement, and anticoagulant therapy. (medscape.com)
- As exacerbation of neurological diseases might be attributed without cause to the anesthetic agent, many clinicians avoid regional anesthesia in its presence. (medscape.com)
- Figure reprinted with permission from Eltzschig HK, Lieberman ES, Camann WR: Regional anesthesia and analgesia for labor and delivery. (medscape.com)
- There are significant anatomical differences in children com-pared with adults that should be considered when using neuraxial anesthesia. (nysora.com)
- Epidural hematomas may occur spontaneously in the population as a whole, without epidural vessel trauma, without neuraxial anesthesia, and without coexisting coagulopathy or therapeutic anticoagulation. (oncologynurseadvisor.com)
- The lowest platelet count that an anesthesia provider will consider before placing a neuraxial block depends partly on the comfort level of the provider and partly on the risk/benefit ratio to the patient. (oncologynurseadvisor.com)
- Intrinsic obstetric neuropathies related to labor and the mode of delivery are much more prevalent than those caused by direct trauma of needles and catheters used in neuraxial anesthesia. (renalandurologynews.com)
- Permanent neurologic injury after neuraxial anesthesia is rare, less than 1 in 100,000, including epidural hematoma and abscess, as well as direct nerve trauma. (renalandurologynews.com)
- Neuropathies related to neuraxial anesthesia are frequently painful with worsening symptoms. (renalandurologynews.com)
- Unrecognized injection of large doses of LA into an epidural vein during neuraxial analgesia/anesthesia can result in systemic symptoms, including neurologic and cardiac toxicity in severe cases. (oncologynurseadvisor.com)
- A recent meta-analysis required 3617 orthopedic patients to show reduced mortality with neuraxial anesthesia ( 4 ). (acpjc.org)
- Deep venous thrombosis prophylaxis is not a contraindication to neuraxial anesthesia. (acpjc.org)
- Specifically, we sought to determine the incidence of overall and individual complications encountered when neuraxial catheters were used for postoperative analgesia in neonates. (luriechildrens.org)
- CONCLUSIONS: Neuraxial catheter techniques for intraoperative and postoperative analgesia appear to be safe in neonates. (luriechildrens.org)
- We suggest that each center that uses neuraxial anesthesia techniques in neonates closely evaluate the dose limits for local anesthetic agents and develop rigorous quality assurance methods to ensure potentially toxic doses are not used. (luriechildrens.org)
- Most epidural abscesses occur in patients who have not received neuraxial analgesia/anesthesia. (clinicalpainadvisor.com)
- These signs and symptoms have been mistaken for those associated with postdural puncture headache, a more common complication of neuraxial anesthesia. (clinicalpainadvisor.com)
- Some case reports have found a direct link to bacteria cultured from the mouth of providers performing neuraxial anesthesia who did not wear a mask. (clinicalpainadvisor.com)
- This observational study aims to objectively quantify ambulation after neuraxial anesthesia and analgesia for cesarean delivery and vaginal delivery, respectively, by using activity tracker technology. (readbyqxmd.com)
- Neuraxial Analgesia: Initiation and Maintenance. (medscape.com)
- Labor neuraxial analgesia is usually initiated by one of two methods: epidural or combined spinal-epidural analgesia (Figure 2). (medscape.com)
- Purpose: Failed conversion of epidural labor analgesia (ELA) to epidural surgical anesthesia (ESA) for intrapartum Cesarean delivery (CD) has been observed in clinical practice. (eur.nl)
- The incidence after spinal techniques, which are widely used for elective cesarean delivery and in many units also for labor analgesia, is largely determined by the selection of spinal needle. (oxfordmedicine.com)
- Objective: To investigate the median effective dose (ED(50)) of hydromorphone and the appropriate concentration of ropivacaine combined with hydromorphone in epidural labor analgesia. (readbyqxmd.com)
- Laboring patients must be educated about the different available methods of labor analgesia. (medscape.com)
- Many pharmacological and nonpharmacological methods of labor analgesia have been adopted over the years. (medscape.com)
- Only opioids could be used for labor analgesia in these situations, as they do not decrease systemic vascular resistance. (medscape.com)
- [ 13 ] A higher risk of uterine tachysystole after combined spinal-epidural analgesia than epidural analgesia has been reported and may be attributable to the rapid decrease in circulating catecholamines (which have a tocolytic effect) that accompanies rapid-onset of labor analgesia. (medscape.com)
- Dural puncture epidural analgesia may be a viable technique for patients with a suspected difficult airway or failed epidural labor analgesia, for whom confirmation of correct epidural needle placement is critical, without incurring the side effects of spinal medication dosing. (medscape.com)
- Modern labor analgesia favors initiation and maintenance of analgesia with low-dose local anesthesia and opioid solutions to minimize risks of local anesthetic systemic toxicity (unintentional intravascular injection) or high- or total-spinal anesthesia (unintentional intrathecal injection). (medscape.com)
- Intrathecal (IT), often referred to as "spinal," anesthesia refers to the delivery of anesthetic agents to the subarachnoid layer of the spinal column into cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) surrounding the spinal cord. (medscape.com)
- IT opioids can be administered as an adjunct to general anesthesia (e.g., for scoliosis surgery) or combined with local anesthetics and administered during spinal anesthesia (e.g., for total hip arthroplasty). (medscape.com)
- The advantages of IT opioids for analgesia, especially if spinal anesthesia is already planned, include its simplicity, lack of need for catheter care or pumps, low cost, and easy supplementation with low-dose patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) opioids as needed. (medscape.com)
- Patients in group E received combined spinal and epidural anesthesia, and when the operation was complete kept the epidural catheter and received patient-controlled epidural analgesia with an analgesia pump. (dovepress.com)
- One review looking at 32 studies over 10 years estimated the incidence to be 3.78 in 10,000 for spinal anesthesia and 2.19 in 10,000 for epidural anesthesia. (renalandurologynews.com)
- Transient paresthesias are not uncommon when threading an epidural catheter or performing spinal anesthesia and are unlikely to cause nerve damage. (renalandurologynews.com)
- LA toxicity is almost exclusively related to epidural anesthesia when large doses of drug may be injected, particularly for cesarean delivery (the small doses of LA used in spinal anesthesia make LA toxicity a rarity). (oncologynurseadvisor.com)
- The procedure was interrupted in only 5 patients and was performed later under spinal anesthesia. (urotoday.com)
- Recent reports [3,4] showed that the success rate of ureteroscopic lithotripsy under local anesthesia was comparable with that of general or spinal anesthesia, but only few reports mentioned the degree of pain associated with the procedure . (urotoday.com)
- Combined spinal epidural anesthesia for laparoscopic appendectomy in adults: A case series. (ebscohost.com)
- However, spinal anesthesia (SA) in parturients experiencing failed conversion of ELA to ESA has been associated with an increased incidence of serious side effects. (eur.nl)
- Methods: Hemodynamic data, frequencies of either high or total spinal block, and maternal and neonatal outcome data were gathered from the anesthesia records of all parturients at the Amphia Hospital, undergoing intrapartum CD between January 1, 2001 and May 1, 2005. (eur.nl)
- Symptoms usually appear anywhere from a few hours up to 8 days after spinal or CSE anesthesia. (clinicalpainadvisor.com)
- Prior tracer studies have shown that collectively, MPTA neurons send descending projections to spinal and medullary brain targets associated with atonia and analgesia as well as ascending projections to forebrain structures associated with amnesia and arousal. (readbyqxmd.com)
- In obstetric patients, regional analgesia refers to partial or complete loss of pain sensation below the T8 to T10 spinal level. (medscape.com)
- [ 6 ] Combined spinal-epidural analgesia is often used for initiation of analgesia in advanced labor because of rapid onset of effective analgesia. (medscape.com)
- [ 7 , 8 ] Combined spinal-epidural analgesia has faster onset (2 to 5 min) than epidural analgesia (15 to 20 min), greater uniformity in sensory blockade, and improved sacral dermatome coverage. (medscape.com)
- [ 9 ] While some studies report greater satisfaction and sense of control associated with combined spinal-epidural analgesia, the meta-analyses do not support this observation. (medscape.com)
- however, a 2016 study suggests that may not be the case, and favors combined spinal-epidural analgesia for earlier detection of failed epidural analgesia. (medscape.com)
- Epidural analgesia technique ( A ) versus combined spinal-epidural technique ( B ). In epidural analgesia, the epidural space is located using an epidural needle, by a loss-of-resistance technique. (medscape.com)
- In combined spinal-epidural analgesia, the epidural space is located in the same fashion, and prior to threading the epidural catheter, a small 25- to 27-gauge spinal needle is introduced through the epidural needle to puncture the dura and to bolus a single dose of local anesthetic with or without opioid. (medscape.com)
- A modification of the combined spinal-epidural technique is dural puncture epidural analgesia. (medscape.com)
- Dural puncture epidural analgesia may be associated with improved sacral analgesia compared to epidural analgesia, with less pruritus, hypotension, supplemental epidural doses, and uterine tachysystole than combined spinal-epidural analgesia. (medscape.com)
- [ 14 , 15 ] A likely mechanism is the dural hole acts as a conduit to enhance epidural medication translocation into the intrathecal space, allowing enhanced coverage of sacral nerve roots while avoiding the side effects associated with conventional combined spinal-epidural analgesia. (medscape.com)
International Anesthesia Research Society8
- It is published by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins on behalf of the International Anesthesia Research Society. (wikipedia.org)
- International Anesthesia Research Society. (wikipedia.org)
- Kolekce časopisů společnosti International Anesthesia Research Society obsahují recenzované případové studie a články z oblasti anestezie a analgezie včetně perioperativní medicíny, intenzivní péče, léčby bolesti, nejnovějších léčiv, předoperační přípravy, monitorování pacienta a patologické fyziologie. (aip.cz)
- Newswise - San Francisco, CA (November 15, 2012) - A new journal dedicated to sharing and discussion of informative clinical experiences is coming soon, with the launch of Anesthesia & Analgesia Case Reports , the newest publication of the International Anesthesia Research Society (IARS). (iars.org)
- The International Anesthesia Research Society is a nonpolitical, not-for-profit medical society founded in 1922 to advance and support scientific research and education related to anesthesia, and to improve patient care through basic research. (iars.org)
- Wolters Kluwer Health and the International Anesthesia Research Society (IARS) are pleased to announce that they have signed an agreement to renew their partnership to publish Anesthesia & Analgesia (A&A), the official journal of the IARS. (stm-publishing.com)
- We are honored that the highly regarded International Anesthesia Research Society has chosen to continue its collaboration with Wolters Kluwer Health and LWW," said Karen Abramson, President and CEO, Wolters Kluwer Health Medical Research. (stm-publishing.com)
- The International Anesthesia Research Society is the oldest professional society for anesthesiologists and celebrates its 90th anniversary in 2012. (stm-publishing.com)
- We will review our group's work on perioperative epidural anesthesia-analgesia on patient outcomes which includes mortality, major morbidity, and patient centered outcomes but not technical failures or complications. (hindawi.com)
- Deep anesthesia continued postoperatively may reduce the vulnerability of these neonates to complications and may reduce mortality. (nih.gov)
- Duration of analgesia, first time of analgesic request and complications will be recorded by an orthopedic assistant that is blinded to study. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- Using a rigorous recovery protocol in the context of "multimodal surgical recovery programs," 3 recent studies have demonstrated clear benefits from epidural anesthesia and analgesia ( e.g. , reduced hypercoagulability, accelerated return of bowel function, decreased pulmonary complications, and earlier mobilization). (asahq.org)
- The use of perioperative epidural anesthesia-analgesia may confer many benefits including superior postoperative analgesia, decreased morbidity, and improvement in patient-centered outcomes. (hindawi.com)
- However, the benefits of perioperative epidural anesthesia-analgesia are not definitive in part due to some of the methodological issues present in available studies. (hindawi.com)
- The overall effect of epidural anesthesia-analgesia on perioperative mortality is controversial. (hindawi.com)
- We have used a 5% nationally random sample of Medicare beneficiaries (1997-2001) to examine the association between the presence or absence of postoperative epidural analgesia and perioperative (7- and 30-day) mortality [ 6 - 10 ]. (hindawi.com)
- Subsequent analyses of the Medicare claims data also revealed that the presence of postoperative epidural analgesia may be associated with lower perioperative mortality in patients undergoing higher-risk surgical procedures (e.g., lung lobectomy, colectomy) [ 7 , 8 ]. (hindawi.com)
- Anesthesia & Analgesia is a monthly peer-reviewed medical journal covering anesthesia, pain management, and perioperative medicine that was established in 1922. (wikipedia.org)
- The flagship journal of the IARS, Anesthesia & Analgesia is published on a monthly basis for the benefit of current and future patients under the care of professionals engaged in the disciplines broadly related to anesthesiology, such as perioperative medicine, critical care, and pain management. (iars.org)
- Encourage, stimulate, and fund ongoing anesthesia-related research projects that will enhance and advance the specialty, and to disseminate current, state-of-the-art, basic and clinical research data in all areas of clinical anesthesia, including perioperative medicine, critical care, and pain management. (iars.org)
- So in this lecture, we're gonna speak mainly about analgesia, then we're also gonna cover anesthesia monitoring and perioperative care. (hstalks.com)
- Protocols for ethical review, informed consent, randomization, clinical anesthesia and analgesia, and perioperative management were determined following extensive consultation with anesthesiologists throughout Australia. (nih.gov)
- The following pharmacologic agents can be used in the perioperative setting to optimize multimodal analgesia techniques and reduce opioid consumption during the perioperative period (Table 1). (apsf.org)
- Indicates that use for perioperative analgesia is "off label," meaning that it is permissible but not an indication in the manufacturers' prescribing information. (apsf.org)
- In fact, a growing body of evidence 2 shows that the use of epidural anesthesia and analgesia in the perioperative period is beneficial. (asahq.org)
- Perioperative anesthesia and analgesia exacerbate immunosuppression in immunocompromised cancer patients. (medsci.org)
- The use of combined general and epidural anesthesia has developed concurrently with improvements in preoperative assessment and perioperative management. (acpjc.org)
- Opioids administered to the IT space can offer effective postoperative analgesia. (medscape.com)
- This review article will focus on analgesia and anesthesia produced by the actions of opioids on primary-afferent fibers. (mdpi.com)
- In neonates undergoing cardiac surgery, the physiologic responses to stress are attenuated by deep anesthesia and postoperative analgesia with high doses of opioids. (nih.gov)
- chose to administer opioids (fentanyl) to all patients and may have obscured or offset the potential benefit of epidural analgesia-at least in terms of length of stay. (asahq.org)
- Anis Dizdarevic and Anthony Fernandes, "Thoracic Paravertebral Block, Multimodal Analgesia, and Monitored Anesthesia Care for Breast Cancer Surgery in Primary Lateral Sclerosis," Case Reports in Anesthesiology , vol. 2016, Article ID 6301358, 4 pages, 2016. (hindawi.com)
- This exciting CD-ROM combines five years of content from four of the world's leading anesthesiology journals--Anesthesiology, Anesthesia & Analgesia, BJA: British Journal of Anaesthesia, and the Canadian Journal of Anesthesia--all on one disk. (powells.com)
- This issue contains a collection of 10 manuscripts arising out of the 2012 Innovations and Applications of Monitoring, Perfusion, Oxygenation, and Ventilation (IAMPOV) symposium, jointly sponsored by the Society for Technology in Anesthesia (an affiliate of Anesthesia & Analgesia), the Center for Devices and Radiological Health at the Food and Drug Administration, and the Department of Anesthesiology at the Yale School of Medicine. (aa2day.org)
Manual of Equine Anesthesia and Analgesia1
- As in all areas of veterinary practice, manual of equine anesthesia and analgesia have progressed rapidly over the last two decades with the introduction of new drugs, user-friendly monitoring devices and new methods of using drugs. (veterinarydiscussions.net)
Small Animal Anesthesia and Analgesia2
- Essentials of Small Animal Anesthesia and Analgesia, Second Edition presents the fundamentals of managing small animal anesthesia patients in a clinically relevant, accessible manual. (abebooks.com)
- Essentials of Small Animal Anesthesia and Analgesia, Second Edition provides veterinary care providers and students with key information on anesthetic and analgesic pharmacology, physiology, patient assessment, and clinical case management. (abebooks.com)
- Core Principle #1 - Guidelines or regulations should be developed by states for office-based surgery according to levels of anesthesia defined by the American Society of Anesthesiologists' (ASA's) "Continuum of Depth of Sedation" statement dated October 13, 1999, excluding local anesthesia or minimal sedation. (facs.org)
- Moderate Sedation/Analgesia ("Conscious Sedation") is a drug-induced depression of consciousness during which patients respond purposefully** to verbal commands, either alone or accompanied by light tactile stimulation. (asahq.org)
- Monitored Anesthesia Care ("MAC") does not describe the continuum of depth of sedation, rather it describes "a specific anesthesia service in which an anesthesiologist has been requested to participate in the care of a patient undergoing a diagnostic or therapeutic procedure. (asahq.org)
- Deep Sedation/Analgesia is a drug-induced depression of consciousness during which patients cannot be easily aroused but respond purposefully** following repeated or painful stimulation. (asahq.org)
- Individuals administering Moderate Sedation/Analgesia ("Conscious Sedation") should be able to rescue*** patients who enter a state of Deep Sedation/Analgesia, while those administering Deep Sedation/Analgesia should be able to rescue*** patients who enter a state of General Anesthesia. (asahq.org)
- We evaluated the feasibility and effectiveness of ureteroscopic lithotripsy for ureteral stones under local anesthesia without any sedation. (urotoday.com)
- Background: Adequate pain control through sedation and anesthesia for emergency procedures is a crucial aspect of pediatric emergency care. (harvard.edu)
- Methods: Non-anesthetist providers in Western Kenya were trained in the use of a ketamine-based sedation and anesthesia package for non-anesthetists, Every Second Matters for Mothers and Babies-Ketamine™ (ESM-Ketamine). (harvard.edu)
- The SmartTots program is a multi-year collaborative effort designed to increase the safety of anesthetic and sedative drugs for the millions of children who undergo anesthesia and sedation each year. (smarttots.org)
- Our hospital has the human and technical equipment needed for a safely sedation and general anesthesia. (hospitalveterinaris.com)
- Methods: One hundred and forty nulliparous women undergoing labor selected for delivery with epidural analgesia were enrolled in our hospital from January to June 2016. (readbyqxmd.com)
- This package contains LWW's Anasthesia & Analgesia and Anesthesia & Analgesia Practice . (ovid.com)
- This issue of Veterinary Clinics: Small Animal Practice, edited by Dr. Ciara Barr and Dr. Giacomo Gianotti, focuses on Alternatives to Opioid Analgesia in Small Animal Anesthesia. (elsevier.com)
- Controversies in Obstetric Anesthesia and Analgesia debates these and other clinical management controversies encountered in daily practice, providing practical advice on how to manage each clinical problem. (kobo.com)
- AB - This preliminary study determined certified registered nurse anesthetist (CRNA) practice experience and educational needs in the preoperative evaluation of patients using patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) for chronic and cancer pain management. (druglibrary.org)
- If available, practice the procedure on anesthetized animals that will be euthanized before recovery from anesthesia. (psu.edu)
- The incidence of systemic LA toxicity has significantly decreased since the mid-1980s, when 0.75% bupivacaine was withdrawn from obstetric anesthesia practice and the use of test doses and incremental dosing of local anesthetics increased. (oncologynurseadvisor.com)
- Our new journal will draw on the broad clinical experience of the international anesthesia community, creating a forum for cases that teach us how to handle the real-world situations we encounter in daily clinical practice. (iars.org)
- Lakeshore provides the Anesthesiologist with the tools needed to practice a high level of anesthetic care, including regularly maintained anesthesia machines and circuits, mechanical ventilators, infusion pumps, physiologic and neuromuscular monitoring equipment, ultrasound, and supplies for advanced pain management techniques (ultrasound- and nerve stimulator-guided regional blocks, epidural catheters, etc). (acvaa.org)
- Since most pediatric patients receive epidural analgesia in conjunction with a general anesthetic, the main purpose of the epidural catheter is to deliver enough local anesthetic solution for effective intraoperative and postoperative analgesia. (nysora.com)
- Read the latest news about pediatric anesthesia research focused on making surgery safer for infants and children. (iars.org)
- The November issue of Anesthesia & Analgesia highlights current research related to pediatric anesthesia neurotoxicity and the SmartTots research effort. (smarttots.org)
- Undoubtedly, not everyone will agree with all the descriptions of how to perform clinical anesthesia as we each have our own preferences. (veterinarydiscussions.net)
Combined with general anesthesia1
- In high-risk patients having major abdominal surgery, is intraoperative epidural anesthesia and postoperative epidural analgesia combined with general anesthesia effective? (acpjc.org)
- The present study evaluated the effect of dexmedetomidine (DEX) added to sufentanil in intravenous patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) on the relief of pain and inflammatory responses during postoperative recovery of patients undergoing a combined thoracoscopic-laparoscopic esophagectomy (TLE). (portlandpress.com)
- The risk of equine anesthesia ( Tanya Duke ). (wiley.com)
- Equine Anesthesia 11. (whsmith.co.uk)
- Important knowledge has also been gained in identifying the risk factors for equine anesthesia. (veterinarydiscussions.net)
- There is a growing awareness of the impact of anesthesia and analgesia on the surgical outcome, and a realization that equine anesthesia is not just a technical procedure aimed at producing immobilization for the sake of operator comfort. (veterinarydiscussions.net)
- In our initial analysis [ 6 ], we examined several surgical procedures (based on International Statistical Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision (ICD-9) codes) and divided patients into 2 groups, depending on the presence or absence of postoperative epidural analgesia. (hindawi.com)
- However, our analyses of Medicare patients undergoing lower-risk procedures (e.g., total hip and total knee replacement) showed that the use of postoperative epidural analgesia was not associated with a lower incidence of mortality and major morbidity [ 9 , 10 ]. (hindawi.com)
- Two large animal anesthesia chapters cover pain management and anesthetic techniques for equine, ruminant, camelid, and swine patients. (whsmith.co.uk)
- To compare the clinical effects of anesthesia and postoperative analgesia for patients with unilateral lower-extremity fracture between multiple injections through catheters beside the lumbar plexus or sciatic nerve and continuous epidural analgesia. (dovepress.com)
- For patients with unilateral lower-extremity fracture receiving internal fixation, multiple injections through catheters beside the lumbar plexus or sciatic nerve can provide adequate postoperative analgesia, with very few adverse effects. (dovepress.com)
- The purpose of this study is to analyze the effects of epidural anesthesia and analgesia on intraoperative clinical outcome, postoperative recovery, metabolic changes, and immune functions of the patients receiving open liver resection. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- Written by a team of international practitioners working with and caring for high risk obstetric patients, Controversies in Obstetric Anesthesia and Analgesia is an invaluable resource for trainees and practitioners in anesthesia, obstetrics and critical care medicine. (kobo.com)
- 4. The use of a dilute concentration of local anesthetic for continuous epidural analgesia should not result in a dense motor block, aiding diagnosis in patients who develop symptoms of an epidural hematoma. (oncologynurseadvisor.com)
- General Anesthesia is a drug-induced loss of consciousness during which patients are not arousable, even by painful stimulation. (asahq.org)
- The Multicenter Australian Study of Epidural Anesthesia and Analgesia in Major Surgery (The MASTER Trial) was designed to evaluate the possible benefit of epidural block in improving outcome in high-risk patients. (nih.gov)
- All patients will receive caudal block anesthesia with marcaine. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- Results of the study indicated that 79% of CRNAs reported experience in administration of anesthesia to one or more patients who used PCA preoperatively. (druglibrary.org)
- understand the research data on analgesia in reptiles and how to extrapolate to benefit your patients. (vin.com)
- Prospectively, ureteroscopic lithotripsy under local anesthesia was performed in 100 patients (45 males and 55 females). (urotoday.com)
- Our findings suggest that most of the patients could tolerate the pain during a rigid ureteroscopic lithotripsy under local anesthesia. (urotoday.com)
- Discusses research being done on the effectiveness of intraoperative epidural anesthesia and postoperative epidural analgesia in patients having major abdominal surgery. (ebscohost.com)
- We investigated 64 consecutive patients undergoing gynecological laparotomy under general anesthesia combined with epidural. (ebscohost.com)
- We compared the effects of two different anesthesia and analgesia methods on the NK cell cytotoxicity (NKCC) in patients undergoing breast cancer surgery. (medsci.org)
- Fifty patients undergoing breast cancer resection were randomly assigned to receive propofol-remifentanil anesthesia with postoperative ketorolac analgesia (Propofol-ketorolac groups) or sevoflurane-remifentanil anesthesia with postoperative fentanyl analgesia (Sevoflurane-fentanyl group). (medsci.org)
- Propofol anesthesia with postoperative ketorolac analgesia demonstrated a favorable impact on immune function by preserving NKCC compared with sevoflurane anesthesia and postoperative fentanyl analgesia in patients undergoing breast cancer surgery. (medsci.org)
- 420 patients undergoing elective CABG surgery Standard GA with 72hrs narcotic analgesia v standard GA with 96hrs TEA Elective CABG pts with normal preoperative coagulation status Epidurals inserted at T2/3 or T3/4 in OR immediately preoperatively operation postponed if "bloody tap" obtained Bilateral T1-T10 block instituted with Bupivacaine 0.5% and maintained with Bupivacaine / Clonidine infusion perioperatively +/- additional Bupivacaine top-ups postop. (bestbets.org)
- 464 patients were allocated to intraoperative epidural anesthesia and postoperative epidural analgesia for 72 hours with general anesthesia (site of epidural selected to provide optimum block), and 456 were allocated to general anesthesia only. (acpjc.org)
- Of the 693 patients, 508 (73.3%) had no ELA and received SA, 128 patients (18.5%) received SA following epidural anesthesia for labor, 19 (2.7%) underwent conversion of ELA to ESA, and 38 (5.5%) received general anesthesia. (eur.nl)
- Only 5.5% of epidural abscesses are thought to be related to epidural anesthesia, and these patients are often elderly and immunocompromised, developing an epidural abscess following prolonged epidural catheterization. (clinicalpainadvisor.com)
- The cellular immunity was compared between patients who received different types of anesthesia and analgesia after radical resection for lung cancer. (alliedacademies.org)
- Patients in Group I received total intravenous anesthesia combined with intravenous analgesia and those in Group II received general anesthesia combined with epidural anesthesia and post-operative epidural analgesia. (alliedacademies.org)
- General anesthesia combined with epidural anesthesia and post-operative epidural analgesia has little influence on the cellular immune function in patients receiving radical resection for lung cancer and thus patients recover more rapidly. (alliedacademies.org)
- Patients accepting general anesthesia comprised the control group, and those accepting general anesthesia combined with epidural analgesia comprised the test group. (alliedacademies.org)
- The application of general anesthesia combined with epidural analgesia to patients who will undergo laparoscopic radical resection of rectal carcinoma leads to improved therapeutic effect and facilitates their recovery. (alliedacademies.org)
- 5% of patients required additional anesthesia. (afar.info)
- Research regarding patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty (THA) has shown no significant difference in postoperative pain with or without the use of local infiltration analgesia (LIA). (readbyqxmd.com)
- Analgesia is indicated for patients with certain risk factors even in the absence of maternal request. (medscape.com)
- This is to help minimize the need for emergency anesthesia in patients for whom such anesthesia would be especially hazardous. (medscape.com)
- For patients with mitral stenosis , regional analgesia (epidural) is the preferred method. (medscape.com)
- Morphine 1 mg or 5 mg, or bupivacaine 50 mg do not provide clinically significant postoperative analgesia when given intraarticularly in patients undergoing minor diagnostic arthroscopic surgery. (bmj.com)
- General anesthesia provides us with unconciousness, amnesia, analgesia, muscle relaxation, and the ability to perform various procedures in our veterinary patients. (vetbloom.com)
- Precise placement of epidural needles for single-injection techniques and catheters for continuous epidural anesthesia ensures that the dermatomes involved in the surgical procedure are selectively blocked, allowing for lower doses of local anesthetics to be used and sparing unnecessary blockade in nondesired regions. (nysora.com)
- Covering essential principles of anesthesia administration and pain management in small and large animals, Anesthesia and Analgesia for Veterinary Technicians, 5th Edition is completely updated with the latest drugs and techniques. (whsmith.co.uk)
- Thomas is the author of 'Anesthesia And Analgesia For Veterinary Technicians, 4E' with ISBN 9780323055048 and ISBN 0323055044. (valorebooks.com)
- This intermediate course will be open to veterinarians, veterinary students, veterinary technicians/technologists, and veterinary support staff actively interested in anesthesia and analgesia of wildlife in birds, reptiles, and mammals. (vin.com)
- Our skilled certified veterinary technicians, including one with VTS certification in anesthesia, aim to perform anesthesia and pain management to the highest standards and are active participants in our in-house anesthesia training, which we hope to see continue with the ideal candidate. (acvaa.org)
Combination of epidural1
- 1 This study did not show any benefit from the combination of epidural anesthesia and analgesia with general anesthesia and systemic opioid analgesia. (asahq.org)
- Less than 10 years ago it was stated at international conferences that the use of analgesics after osteosynthesis in birds was questionable for 2 reasons: 1) we did not understand the mechanism of action of analgesics administered to avian species, and 2) the potential benefit of analgesia was considered a disadvantage (i.e., a bird should not use its operated limb immediately after the surgical procedure). (uzh.ch)
Thoracic epidural analgesia1
- Efficacy and safety of thoracic epidural analgesia after major abdominal surgery for acute post-operative pain. (ebscohost.com)
Total Intravenous Anesthesia1
- Chapter 6 Induction Agents and Total Intravenous Anesthesia. (wiley.com)
- Anesthesia & Analgesia also offers CME opportunities , which are available for three years following publication for IARS members only. (iars.org)
- The IARS contributes more than $1 million each year to fund important anesthesia research. (iars.org)
- A&A Bulletin, an e-bulletin for IARS members, provides an overview of the current edition of Anesthesia & Analgesia as well as highlights of other IARS news and announcements. (iars.org)
- The more than 1,000 videos and podcasts from IARS and OpenAnesthesia™ include interviews with experts on pertinent topics, including opportunities to claim CME and tutorials on techniques like EEG for Anesthesia, and presentations from the IARS Annual Meetings. (iars.org)
- Find out what the experts in the field are saying about the Annual Meeting, IARS and anesthesia as a whole in videos on the IARS YouTube Channel. (iars.org)
Principles of anesthesia1
- The primary purpose of this course is to provide a basic to intermediate understanding of the principles of anesthesia and analgesia in avian, mammalian, and reptilian wildlife. (vin.com)
Anaesthesia and analgesia3
- This can be beneficial to a variety of patient populations, including those at risk for cognitive dysfunction after general anesthesia. (medscape.com)
- Maternal Hemorrhage-Regional Versus General Anesthesia: Does It Really Matter? (iars.org)
- Epidural analgesia is commonly used in addition to general anesthesia and to manage postoperative pain. (nysora.com)
- Both group received general anesthesia maintaining with 1-2% end tidal sevoflurane together with TCI of propofol (target plasma concentration, 2-3µg/ml), continuous infusion of remifentanil (0.10 - 0.20 μg/kg/min) and cis-atracurium intermittently as needed. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- The optimization of analgesic drugs delivery during general anesthesia (GA) requires to evaluate the pain/analgesia balance. (nih.gov)
- Therefore, we caution against the more general interpretation that epidural anesthesia- analgesia is not beneficial. (asahq.org)
- Combination of Thoracic Epidural Anesthesia Does Not Always Induce Hypothermia during General Anesthesia. (ebscohost.com)
- The article presents a study about the effect of the combination of general anesthesia and thoracic epidural anesthesia, which has been considered to induce hypothermia. (ebscohost.com)
- Background: Laparoscopy is one of the most common surgical procedures and is the procedure of choice for most of the elective abdominal surgeries performed preferably under endotracheal general anesthesia. (ebscohost.com)
- General anesthesia is a finely controlled near-death state for the anesthetized animal. (ucsb.edu)
- The effect of general anesthesia combined with epidural analgesia on post-operative recovery was investigated to improve the therapeutic effectiveness of laparoscopic radical resection of rectal carcinoma. (alliedacademies.org)
- Hence, administering general anesthesia combined with epidural analgesia is worthy of promotion and application. (alliedacademies.org)
- The MPTA (mesopontine tegmental anesthesia area) is a key node in a network of axonal pathways that collectively engage the key components of general anesthesia: immobility and atonia, analgesia, amnesia and loss-of-consciousness. (readbyqxmd.com)
- For instance, some readers will not feel comfortable with the multimodal drug approach to general anesthesia. (veterinarydiscussions.net)
- Attempts at producing a state of general anesthesia can be traced throughout recorded history in the writings of the ancient Sumerians, Babylonians, Assyrians, Egyptians, Indians, and Chinese. (wikipedia.org)
- Although there has been a great deal of debate as to who deserves the most credit for the discovery of general anesthesia, it is generally agreed that certain scientific discoveries in the late 18th and early 19th centuries were critical to the eventual introduction and development of modern anesthetic techniques. (wikipedia.org)
- Concurrent with these developments were the significant advances in pharmacology and physiology which led to the development of general anesthesia and the control of pain. (wikipedia.org)
- In the 20th century, the safety and efficacy of general anesthesia was improved by the routine use of tracheal intubation and other advanced airway management techniques. (wikipedia.org)
- The first attempts at general anesthesia were probably herbal remedies administered in prehistory. (wikipedia.org)
- In Classical antiquity, anaesthetics were described by: Dioscorides (De Materia Medica) Galen Hippocrates Theophrastus (Historia Plantarum) Bian Que (Chinese: 扁鵲, Wade-Giles: Pien Ch'iao, c. 300 BC) was a legendary Chinese internist and surgeon who reportedly used general anesthesia for surgical procedures. (wikipedia.org)
- Increasing use of TAP (transversus abdominus plane) blocks for post-cesarean analgesia may result in more cases. (oncologynurseadvisor.com)
- Odds ratios were calculated to determine the associations of epidural anesthesia with oxytocin stimulation, episiotomy, assisted vaginal delivery (forceps or vacuum extraction), and cesarean section. (afar.info)
Pain and Distress1
- All persons involved in research using animals are morally obligated and legally required to provide appropriate anesthesia and analgesia to minimize pain and distress to the animals. (ucsb.edu)
Postoperative epidural analgesia3
- postoperatively, thus suggesting that postoperative epidural analgesia may contribute to lower odds of death after surgery [ 6 ]. (hindawi.com)
- Thoracic epidural anaesthesia followed by postoperative epidural analgesia is increasingly being used for abdominal, major vascular and cardiothoracic surgery. (ebscohost.com)
- Postoperative epidural analgesia was associated with lower pain scores during the first 3 days after surgery. (acpjc.org)
- We hypothesized that administering deep opioid anesthesia to critically ill neonates undergoing cardiac surgery would blunt their responses to stress and might improve clinical outcomes. (nih.gov)
- The neonates who received lighter anesthesia (with halothane plus morphine) had more severe hyperglycemia and lactic acidemia during surgery and higher lactate and acetoacetate concentrations postoperatively (P less than 0.025). (nih.gov)
- Design of the multicenter Australian study of epidural anesthesia and analgesia in major surgery: the MASTER trial. (nih.gov)
- Ketamine may prevent central sensitization during surgery and result in preemptive analgesia. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- Investigators must keep accurate records of anesthesia, surgery and postoperative care (including analgesic administration). (psu.edu)
- A letter to the editor is presented about a study on the efficacy and safety of thoracic epidural anesthesia after abdominal surgery for acute post-operative pain. (ebscohost.com)
- Epidural ropivacaine versus ropivacaine plus tramadol in postoperative analgesia in children undergoing major abdominal surgery: a comparison. (ebscohost.com)
- Is acupuncture analgesia effective to use during surgery instead of anesthesia medication? (acufinder.com)
- The acupuncture points that are used for acupuncture anesthesia can safely and effectively reduce or entirely eliminate the pain of an operation or surgery. (acufinder.com)
- When acupuncture is used as the primary anesthesia during surgery, the patient remains conscious and can play an active role during the operation. (acufinder.com)
- Different points are used for acupuncture anesthesia depending on the area of the surgery. (acufinder.com)
- The objective of this meta-analysis was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of dexmedetomidine as an adjunct to local anesthesia for postoperative pain control after lumbar surgery. (minervamedica.it)
- With malpractice insurance premiums on the rise, and insurance rates for the practicing anesthesiologist at an all time high, it is important, now more than ever, to have a single source reference related to both anesthesia and analgesia and how they both relate to dermatologic surgery. (taylorfrancis.com)
- c. 400 BC, the Sushruta Samhita (a text from the Indian subcontinent on ayurvedic medicine and surgery) advocates the use of wine with incense of cannabis for anesthesia. (wikipedia.org)
- Fortunately through the use of modern drugs with wide safety margins and the availability of naïve purpose-bred and healthy animals from commercial vendors and safe anesthesia in the research setting is generally quite routine. (ucsb.edu)
- Ruminant and Swine Anesthesia 12. (whsmith.co.uk)
- Local anesthesia consists of lidocaine jelly in the bladder associated with a penile nerve block in males only, and without any intravenous analgesia. (urotoday.com)
- opinions vary widely within the obstetric anesthesia community over issues such as the effect of anesthetic drugs on the fetal brain and the choice between different epidural techniques. (kobo.com)
- In the ASA Closed Claims Database, nerve injury was the most common cause of maternal injury in obstetric anesthesia claims from 1990 on. (renalandurologynews.com)
Safety and Efficacy1
- OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to retrospectively determine the safety and efficacy of epidural anesthesia when administered by obstetricians in a community hospital. (afar.info)
- As with epidural anesthesia in adults, local anesthetic concentration and volume are important factors in determining the density and level of blockade. (nysora.com)
- 2 This article describes the rationale for use of multimodal analgesia and discusses nonopioid medications that can be used as part of a multimodal approach to postoperative pain relief. (apsf.org)
- Anesthesia and Analgesia for Companion and Laboratory Animals. (usda.gov)
- Information on anesthesia and analgesia in laboratory animals may be found by following the links in the menu on the left. (psu.edu)
- Anesthesia and Analgesia in Laboratory Animals (2nd edition) by Fish, Brown, Danneman, and Karas (eds. (ucsb.edu)
- Anesthesia and Analgesia in Laboratory Animals focuses totally at the specified anesthetic, analgesic, and postoperative care specifications linked to experimental surgical procedure. (ochagm.ru)